All Sky User Manual
All Sky Camera
Revision Sheet
[Version 1.0]
Michael Burns
Rock Mallin
[All Sky User Manual]
This document will introduce you to the wonders of the MallinCam All Sky Camera. It
will include instructions on how to connect the All Sky to your computer along with
explanations of the camera’s various settings. Imaging techniques with the various
hardware and software options will be covered along with how to broadcast the
output of the All Sky camera on the Internet. The standard Composite Video output
will be discussed along with hints and suggestions on how to resolve any problems
that you encounter with this camera. Enjoy the adventure with Rock Mallin’s All Sky
Video camera, which will introduce you to the amazing field of Real Time All Sky
video imaging and broadcasting.
All Sky User Manual
Page i
Revision Sheet
Revision History
Version
Date
1.0
10/11/2014
All Sky User Manual
Revision Description
Template Creation and All Sky Wired
Page ii
Table of Contents
Contents
Revision History ................................................................................................................................... ii
Table of Contents .......................................................................................................................... 0
1.
Introduction.......................................................................................................... 3
The Contents of the All Sky Package..................................................................................... 4
MallinCam All Sky Deluxe Package ..................................................................................................... 4
The Camera (Just the Facts) ................................................................................................... 5
The Camera (its Anatomy) ....................................................................................................... 6
2.
Making Connections............................................................................................. 7
The All Sky Camera (Connection Diagram) ........................................................................... 7
Composite Video ................................................................................................................................... 7
Power ..................................................................................................................................................... 7
Connecting the All Sky to your Computer for Video ............................................................. 8
Software Requirements: ......................................................................................................................... 8
Hardware Requirements ......................................................................................................................... 8
Attaching the Video Cable to All Sky Camera ...................................................................................... 9
Checking out the All Sky for the First Time (Day Time) .................................................................... 10
3.
Operating the All Sky ......................................................................................... 15
Imaging Methods: .................................................................................................................... 15
E. SHUTTER vs SENSE UP ................................................................................................... 26
Controlling the All Sky by Hand ............................................................................................ 27
The All Sky Camera OSD Settings ......................................................................................... 27
4.
Understanding the OSD ..................................................................................... 32
On Screen Display (OSD) Menu ........................................................................................... 32
MENU MAIN ..................................................................................................................................... 32
EXPOSURE MAIN ............................................................................................................................ 32
LENS ............................................................................................................................................... 33
LEN -ELC ...................................................................................................................................33
E.SHUTTER ........................................................................................................................................... 33
BRIGHT ................................................................................................................................................. 34
HBLC/D-WDR ............................................................................................................................... 34
OFF ..............................................................................................................................................34
BLC ..............................................................................................................................................35
MANUAL............................................................................................................................................... 36
AUTO ..................................................................................................................................................... 36
BLC WEIGHT .............................................................................................................................36
HLI ...............................................................................................................................................37
HBLC ..................................................................................................................................................... 37
D-WDR ........................................................................................................................................38
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
AGC ................................................................................................................................................. 39
3D DNR ........................................................................................................................................... 40
SENSE UP ....................................................................................................................................... 41
COLOR MAIN ................................................................................................................................... 42
WB MODE ...................................................................................................................................... 42
ATW ............................................................................................................................................42
MANUAL ....................................................................................................................................43
AWC>PUSH ................................................................................................................................43
AWC ............................................................................................................................................44
R-Y GAIN ....................................................................................................................................... 44
B-Y GAIN ....................................................................................................................................... 44
DAY&NIGHT MAIN ........................................................................................................................ 44
D&N MODE ................................................................................................................................... 45
BURST.........................................................................................................................................45
AUTO ..................................................................................................................................................... 45
DAY>NIGHT ..............................................................................................................................46
NIGHT>DAY ..............................................................................................................................47
DWELL TIME .............................................................................................................................47
C_SUP ............................................................................................................................................. 48
A_SUP ............................................................................................................................................. 48
FUNCTION MAIN ............................................................................................................................ 48
MIRROR ......................................................................................................................................... 49
SHARPNESS .................................................................................................................................. 49
MONITOR ...................................................................................................................................... 49
GAMMA ......................................................................................................................................... 50
USER ...........................................................................................................................................50
LSC .................................................................................................................................................. 50
LSC – ON ....................................................................................................................................51
MOTION MAIN ................................................................................................................................ 51
PRIVACY MAIN ............................................................................................................................... 52
SETUP MAIN .................................................................................................................................... 52
TITLE.............................................................................................................................................. 53
MANUAL DPC ............................................................................................................................... 53
AUTO DPC ..................................................................................................................................... 54
OLPF ............................................................................................................................................... 54
OSD COLOR .................................................................................................................................. 54
SYSTEM MAIN ................................................................................................................................. 55
EXIT MAIN........................................................................................................................................ 55
FACTORY SET.............................................................................................................................. 56
SAVE&EXIT .................................................................................................................................. 56
EXIT ................................................................................................................................................ 56
All Sky User Manual
Page 1
All Sky User Manual
5.
October 11, 2014
Appendix ........................................................................................................... 57
Appendix A – Installing the MCV........................................................................................... 57
Appendix B Connecting to Night Skies Network ...................................................... 60
Appendix C – First Aid for the All Sky .................................................................................. 67
The Image from the All Sky is jumping all over the place .................................................................. 67
When I have my Video Software connect to my Mallincam through my MCV-1 adapter I only see a
Blue screen. .......................................................................................................................................... 67
My ALL SKY Camera is frozen, or the commands do not seem to be working correctly, the camera is
acting strangely. ................................................................................................................................... 67
Appendix D – Setting Template............................................................................................. 68
Jack Huerkamp’s recommended Settings ............................................................................................ 69
Appendix E – Installing All Sky Camera Outside ................................................................ 70
Appendix F – Applications of All Sky Camera ………………………………….….……..72
Appendix G – Notes ................................................................................................................ 73
All Sky User Manual
Page 2
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
1. Introduction
Welcome to the world imaging with the MallinCam All Sky Camera, a new
innovative designed camera that provides you a live video view of the entire sky.
Made by MALLINCAM, the main dome is multicoated and is UV protected
against turning yellow and provides a clear view of the sky rain or shine, 24 hours
per day, 7 days per week, 365 days of the year all from the comfort of your living
room.
The Mallincam All Sky Camera features a 5 way adjustable waterproof key
adapter to navigate through the camera’s zero confusing menu system allowing
you to make adjustments of the video camera. The All Sky Camera also allows
Extended Exposure to be set automatically from Day to Night thus proving live full
colour video without you having to adjust any settings on the camera.
Using the latest plastic CCD sensor from Sony, the Super HAD II 1/3" size sensor
has zero amp glow, and the camera is fully equipped with a built-in “no hot
pixel” removal software, offering unsurpassed image clarity day or night.
Your purchase will provide you with years of discovery and adventure as you
view, record, share, and broadcast the wonders of the entire Night or Day Sky.
The Mallincam All Sky Camera captures images that range from brighter Deep
Sky Objects to local Solar System favorites, from Meteors to Satellites, from Aurora
to Lightning this camera does it all and in near Real Time. You will discover that
this camera can be used in urban skies where light pollution normally prevents
you from viewing images the sky, to rural locations where you can pull out even
those faintest celestial wonders; this camera can do it all.
The All Sky Camera requires no software to install, you simply need only to mount
the camera, attached the video out to a monitor or your computer and then
then power-up the All Sky and enjoy the view the camera provides. If you have
video capture software, you can even record your adventure and take
snapshots or even broadcast live to the world 24 hours per every day of the year,
it’s up to you.
This manual is the work of the MallinCam All Sky users before me. I have
borrowed their ideas and even some of their documents and have placed them
in the manual so that we have everything is in one place. Special thanks to Jack
Huerkamp for all the preliminary work he has done with this camera.
So thank you for your purchase, and let the adventure begin
All Sky User Manual
Page 3
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
The Contents of the All Sky Package
Depending upon the All Sky Model purchased, the contents may vary, but all All
Sky Deluxe cameras include the following standard equipment:
MallinCam All Sky Deluxe Package:




All Sky camera body fully enclosed in a metal jacket with a Lexan Dome
10 meter (32 feet) video/power cable
120 Volts AC to 12 Volts DC regulated power supply
BNC to RCA adapter
These attachments will provide you with the ability to connect the All Sky Video
camera to your telescope, power it using to a 120V AC power source, and
displaying your image on any device that accepts analog video via a
composite connection. The optional cables will allow you to control the All Sky
either through your computer. See the Appendix for a list of other accessories
available for the All Sky Camera.
All Sky User Manual
Page 4
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
The Camera (Just the Facts)
The MallinCam All Sky Camera is a video camera that provides near Real Time
images of brighter Deep Sky Objects, Planetary, Lunar, and Solar. This instrument
contains the following specifications:
Model
All Sky
Image Sensor
Sony ICX638BKA HAD II plastic
CCD Pixels:
768 (H) × 494 (V) effective pixels
6.35μm (H) × 7.40μm (V) Pixel size
CCD Size:
1/3“ , 5.59mm (H) × 4.68mm (V)
Video Output Format:
NTSC or PAL
Composite Video
BNC Female Connector, with RCA adapter
Gain Control:
Auto/Manual
Exposure Control:
Auto/Manual
Auto Iris:
AES (Rolling Shutter), ALC
Fix Shutter
1/60, 1/100FLK, 1/120, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000, 1/4000, 1/10000,
(seconds)
1/100000
1/32s, 1/16s, 1/8s, 1/4s, 1/2s, 1s, 2.1s, 4.2s, 8.4s, 17s
Extended Shutter
(seconds)
Gamma Selection
User Gamma
0.45 / 0.6 / 1.0
0.20, 0.25, 0.30, 0.35, 0.40, 0.45, 0.50, 0.55, 0.60, 0.65, 0.70, 0.75, 0.80, 0.85,
0.90. 0.95, 1.00
White Balance
-Automatic White Compensation Control (AWC)
-Auto Trace White Balance Control (ATW)
-Manual
Communication
None
Protocol
Operating
-30oC to 60oC ( -22oF to 140oF)
Temperature
Power Supply
12±1V DC at 1A
Dimensions
2.5 Inch tall, 3.68 inch wide (63.5 mm X 93.5 mm)
Weight
10.5 Ounces (300 grams)
All Sky User Manual
Page 5
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
The Camera (its Anatomy)
The Mallincam All Sky camera is a circular based camera with a transparent
dome on top. It has a radius of 3.68” and is 2.5” tall. The camera weighs in at
about 11.5 ounces (300 grams).
All Sky User Manual
Page 6
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
2. Making Connections
The All Sky Camera (Connection Diagram)
①
1
2
3
Video Out (BNC)
12V Power in (12V)
Control Adapter
②
Connecting All Sky to Monitor
The MallinCam All Sky provides a BNC Video-Out
Adapter (yellow) that allow the video signal to be
distributed to Video monitors. This Video-Out
Adapter provides standard Composite video out by
the BNC connector on the back of the All Sky (1 on
the above Connection Diagram).
③
Composite Video
The Composite Signal is obtained by connecting the included 10m MallinCam
Video Cable from the Video-Out adapter of the All Sky to the Composite VideoIn Adapter on your monitor (since in most monitors, the Composite Video-In
connector is a RCA style, MallinCam provides a BNC to RCA adapter to
facilitated that connection).
To connect, just align the two little openings on the BNC cable (male) with the
two notches on the adapter’s BNC (female) connector, push and twist so the
notches slide into place. This locks the connector to the All Sky cable.
Power
The All Sky or All Sky Wired requires 12V 1amp power either from an AC to DC
converter or 12V DC power supply. Just connect power adapter into to Power In
port on the back of the All Sky or into the RED Power In connecter on the end of
the 10m cable on the All Sky Wired.
All Sky User Manual
Page 7
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Connecting the All Sky to your Computer for
Video
Requirements:





Computer with video display software such as AMCAP.
USB Video capture adapter such as MallinCam MCV.
Mallincam dual power/video cable.
All Sky AC to DC power adapter.
All Sky camera.
Software Requirements:
You will need any software package that can display an image from your video
capture device. Some suggestions are:





AMCAP
SharpCap
SplitCam
ManyCam
WebCamMax
Each software has its pros and cons, depending upon what you require the
software do. Using SplitCam, ManyCam, or WebCamMax will make it easier to
broadcast your images on Night Skies Network (see section Connecting the Night
Skies Network (NSN)) if that will be a direction you are thinking of taking.
Hardware Requirements
 A USB Video Capture Device, such as MallinCam’s MCV. This device will
allow the output from the All Sky (composite) to be captured and
displayed by the software (see Installing the MCV in Appendix).
All Sky User Manual
Page 8
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Attaching the Video Cable to All Sky Camera
Now you attach the All Sky 10m composite cable (RCA adapter attached) to
the USB Video Capture Device (MCV) that you are using for video input and
attach the other end of the 10m cable to the Yellow connecter (BNC) on the All
Sky Camera to allow for capture of the video signal.
To USB Port
on
Computer
Now all we need to do is start the video display software of your choice to
display the image. Remember what ever software choice you made to display
the image from the All Sky Camera, it will have an option that allows you to
choose the Video Capture Adapter’s driver (x2828 for MCV). Once you chosen
the driver, you should now see an image of what the All Sky Camera is capturing
in the video window of your software.
(The NORTH, EAST, WEST notations are part of a video display window)
All Sky User Manual
Page 9
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Checking out the All Sky for the First Time (Day Time)
Now is the time to do a quick check of the All Sky Camera to see if you can
obtain a video signal. This walk through assumes you have a monitor with a
Composite input capabilities (or a Laptop with a Video Capture Device
attached and configured along with Video Display Software). Place your All Sky
Camera on a flat platform so that the Dome is facing upwards and power up
your All Sky Camera and monitor (start your Video Display Software if you are
using a Computer). It is best to check out your All Sky Camera in the daytime, so
you can more easily check out the connections.
The All SKY Camera Menu changes will revert back to the last time you
saved the settings. That is, when the On Screen Menu turns off (after 60
seconds), the control settings will revert back. To save the new settings
you will have to choose SAVE&EXIT from the main EXIT icon
You should now be seeing a circular
image inside the square window of
your display. The panorama may be
too bright or too dim, but don’t worry
as this is normal since we have not yet
adjusted the settings for the camera.
Press and release the Centre Button
(③ on the Connection Diagram) on
the All Sky Camera’s white cable. If
everything
is
connected
and
powered correctly, you should see
the camera’s On Screen Menu popup on top of your image with
EXPOSURE Highlighted.
Note: There are two ways of fine tuning the brightness of the image. The first is using
the All Sky Camera Menu settings, and the second is using the brightness and
contrast controls on your monitor (or software controls in your video capture
software) the camera. I would start with your monitor and make any adjustments to
the brightness of the image if necessary.
All Sky User Manual
Page 10
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
With the EXPOSURE selection highlighted
(icon is blue), press the Centre button on
the All Sky Camera control adapter and
the camera will display the Exposure
Settings. We will learn how to move
through the menu system to adjust the
Brightness and Exposure settings. The
Button Adapter has a Centre Knob which
when pressed inwards acts as a center
key. You can move this Knob left, right, up,
and down to move he highlighted regions
on the Display to select another option.
The highlighted option will indicate what you can adjust with the Knob (Control
Button). The arrow key choices will appear after the option’s current vale. For
example: in the last image, the LENS setting says ELC, and it has a DOWN LEFT
CURVY arrow after it. This indicates you can change the EXPOSURE settings by
either pressing the CENTRE button (which indicates there is a sub-menu in that
setting that you can access by hitting the CENTRE button ) or the pressing LEFT or
RIGHT on the button to scroll through other options. For our example on LENS, if
ELC was selected then pressing the RIGHT button will change its value to DC, and
pressing it again goes to the next option (which in this control is back to ELC). This
way you can use the LEFT button to go back to the ELC setting or press the RIGHT
button to go to the next value. If you pressed the CENTRE button when ELC was
selected, the second menu will appear that will allow you to adjust the ELC
parameters.
Now we want to adjust the BRIGHTNESS of the
image from the camera’s control. This is
located inside the ELC Menu, so with ELC
highlighted on the LENS Menu, press inward
with the Control Button to take us into the LENSELC Menu subsystem. You should be presented
with a set of options that look something like
the ones on the right. Press DOWN on the
Control Button to select BRIGHT (it will now be
highlighted in Blue), then press LEFT or RIGHT on
the Control Button to adjust the values of the
Brightness. Notice how the brightness of the
image increases are the number goes up.
All Sky User Manual
Page 11
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Once finished with adjusting the brightness, it
is time to return back to the Exposure Menu.
Using the DOWN button, select the RETURN
option and press the CENTRE button to close
the LENS-ELC settings Menu (the screen will
now return back up to the previous EXPOSURE
Menu system).
Since the above example just changes the brightness value from the camera,
there is another way to adjust the brightness, and that is by controlling the actual
exposure setting on the All Sky Camera. To do this, we will turns off the automatic
exposure control of the camera and turn it to manual, and then we can have
some fun adjusting the values to see how it affects our image.
From the current EXPOSURE Menu with LENS
highlighted, press inwards on the Control
Button to again go into the LENS Sub Menu.
With the E. SHUTTER control heighted (it should
say AUTO). Press the Control Button to the
RIGHT and its value should change to 1/60.
The image brightness will also change as we
have just told the camera to use 1/60 of a
second exposure. Press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the exposure (don’t
forget to watch your screen to see how the
brightness is affected). When finished
experimenting, return the E. SHUTTER value
back to AUTO and return back to the Main
EXPOSURE Menu by selecting RETURN and
activating the control by pressing INWARD on
the Control Button.
When imaging day time objects, sometimes a bright object may over-power the
rest of the image. The All Sky Camera has settings that allow you to help correct
or enhance the image from the background.
All Sky User Manual
Page 12
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
From the Exposure Menu, select the HBLC/D –
WRD control. The setting for this control should
say OFF. Press RIGHT on the Control Button
and the setting should change to BLC. Notice
how the image changes on your monitor.
Press RIGHT on the Control Button again and
the control setting should say HLI. Again
notice the change in the image on the
screen. Pressing RIGHT on the Control Button
once more will turn the HBLC/D –WRD control
back to OFF. Compare the image on the left
with the two images below to see how this
control adjusts the background brightness
when encountering a bright object.
We have experimented with a few different ways to adjust the image on the screen. Now
it is time to save the new settings and exit from the On Screen Menu. With the Main Icons
of the screen push LEFT or RIGHT on the Control Button to select EXIT icon. Press
INWARD on the Control Button to display the EXIT Menu.
Press DOWN on the Control Button to select
SAVE&EXIT. Press INWARD on the Control
Button to activate the control. The Menu will
turn off (you may see the word DONE flash
quickly at the bottom of the screen) and the
current settings will be saved on the camera for
the next time you use the camera.
If you select the EXIT rather than the SAVE&EXIT, the ICON menu will shut down, but
the All Sky Camera will reset itself to the last saved settings.
All Sky User Manual
Page 13
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
These settings are just a starting point for your observations and you can adjust
the settings to match both your equipment and seeing conditions. The next step
in your learning should be to read the OSD MENU Chapter in this manual to get
an understanding what the settings do and how they react to each other. This
will save you hours of frustration when you are just adjusting the setting to try to
improve your image.
If you do not press any of the buttons on the All Sky for about 3 minutes, the ICON
menu will turn off, and the camera will return to the last SAVED settings.
All Sky User Manual
Page 14
All Sky User Manual
3. Operating the All Sky
October 11, 2014
The MallinCam All Sky is an imaging camera whose capabilities are in the hands
of the user. As you will discover, when you become more confident with the
camera, that your images will be the result of the combination both artistic
prowess and scientific skill. Both of these attributes will become enhanced as
your journey progresses and suggestions and advice from fellow explorers
sharpen your skills and enrich your adventure.
One of the first pieces of advice we can offer you is that every environment
system is different, the variety of outside obstacles, and sky brightness combined
with the ever changing weather and seeing conditions makes it impossible to
determine the precise setting for the All Sky Camera. What we can do is provide
suggestions that will get you started in the right direction. We recommend that
you experiment and tweak the settings that we offer to see what works best for
you. Patience will be your best friend as you learn what the All Sky can do, and
what you can adjust. Do not be afraid to visit Night Skies Network or the
Mallincam Group on Yahoo and ask questions
Imaging Methods:
When you are using the All Sky the evening when the sky is dark, we need to
adjust the settings so that we can observe the stars and any object that happen
to pass in from of the camera such as meteors.
Based on the experience of other users, the following settings are a great place
to start.












ELC: AUTO
AGC: HIGH
3D-DNR: HIGH
SENSEUP: X64
W/B: ATW
D&N: AUTO
SHARPNESS:14
MONITOR MODE: 2
GAMMA: 0.6
LSC: ON
MAN DPC: OFF
AUTO DPC: AUTO
All Sky User Manual
Page 15
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
So we will walk you through setting up your All Sky Camera to match the above
settings. Again keep in mind that this is just a starting point for the settings, you
may need to tweak these to match your sky conditions.
Connect your All Sky Camera to your Monitor (or computer) and place the
camera is a location (preferably outside), so that you can observe for the image
changes as you make the following setting adjustments.
 Set ELC to AUTO
Step 1
Step 2
The ELC setting is located in the EXPOSURE ICON, so activate the
On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button. The
Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
Press INWARD on the Command Button to activate the EXPOSURE
Menu.
Step 3
With the LENS command highlighted in Blue press inward on the
Command Button to display the LENS-ELC Menu.
Step 4
With the E. SHUTTER control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the setting value to AUTO
All Sky User Manual
Page 16
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 Set AGC to HIGH
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
The AGC setting is located in the EXPOSURE ICON, so activate the
On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button. The
Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
Press INWARD on the Command Button to activate the EXPOSURE
Menu.
With the AGC command highlighted in Blue, press LEFT or RIGHT on
the Control Button to change the setting value to HIGH.
 Set 3D-DNR to HIGH
Step 1
The 3D-DNR setting is located in the EXPOSURE ICON, so activate
the On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button.
The Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
All Sky User Manual
Page 17
All Sky User Manual
Step 2
Step 3
October 11, 2014
Press INWARD on the Command Button to activate the EXPOSURE
Menu.
With the 3D-DNR command highlighted in Blue, press LEFT or RIGHT
on the Control Button to change the setting value to HIGH
 Set SENSE-UP to X64
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
The 3D-DNR setting is located in the EXPOSURE ICON, so activate
the On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button.
The Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
Press INWARD on the Command Button to activate the EXPOSURE
Menu.
With the SENSE-UP command highlighted in Blue, press LEFT or
RIGHT on the Control Button to change the setting value to X64.
All Sky User Manual
Page 18
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 Set W/B to ATW
Step 1
The W/B setting is located in the COLOR ICON, so activate the On
Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button. The Main
Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE being
highlighted in Blue.
Step 2
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the COLOR Icon
by pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
Step 3
Once COLOR Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the Command
Button to activate the COLOR Menu.
Step 4
With the WB MODE control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the setting value to ATW.
 Set D&N to AUTO
Step 1
The D&N Mode setting is located in the D&N ICON, so activate the
On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button. The
Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
Step 2
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the D&N Icon by
pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
All Sky User Manual
Page 19
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Step 3
Once D&N Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the Command
Button to activate the DAY&NIGHT Menu.
Step 4
With the D&N MODE control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the setting value to AUTO.
 Set SHARPNESS to 14
Step 1
The SHARPNESS setting is located in the FUNCTION ICON, so
activate the On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control
Button. The Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with
EXPOSURE being highlighted in Blue.
Step 2
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the FUNCTION
Icon by pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
Step 3
Once FUNCTION Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the
Command Button to activate the FUNCTION Menu.
Step 4
With the FUNCTION control selected, press DOWN on the Control
Button to select the SHARPNESS Control.
Step 5
With the SHARPNESS Control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the SHARPNESS value to 14.
All Sky User Manual
Page 20
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 Set MONITOR to MODE2
Step 1
The MONITOR setting is located in the FUNCTION ICON, so activate
the On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button.
The Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
Step 2
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the FUNCTION
Icon by pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
Step 3
Once FUNCTION Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the
Command Button to activate the FUNCTION Menu.
Step 4
With the FUNCTION control selected, press DOWN on the Control
Button to select the MONITOR Control.
Step 5
With the MONITOR Control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the MONITOR value to MODE2.
All Sky User Manual
Page 21
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 Set GAMMA to 0.60
Step 1
The GAMMA setting is located in the FUNCTION ICON, so activate
the On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button.
The Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
Step 2
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the FUNCTION
Icon by pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
Step 3
Once FUNCTION Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the
Command Button to activate the FUNCTION Menu.
Step 4
With the FUNCTION control selected, press DOWN on the Control
Button to select the GAMMA Control.
Step 5
With the GAMMA Control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the GAMMA value to 0.60.
All Sky User Manual
Page 22
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 Set LSC to ON
Step 1
The LSC setting is located in the FUNCTION ICON, so activate the
On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button. The
Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
Step 2
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the FUNCTION
Icon by pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
Step 3
Once FUNCTION Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the
Command Button to activate the FUNCTION Menu.
Step 4
With the FUNCTION control selected, press DOWN on the Control
Button to select the LSC Control.
Step 5
With the LSC Control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the Control
Button to change the LSC value to ON. Note: you can enter into
the ON Menu (press INWARD on the Control Button), and make
adjustments of its value by pressing LEFT or RIGHT on the Control
Button.
All Sky User Manual
Page 23
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 Set MANUAL DPC to OFF
Step 1
Step 2
The MANUAL DPC setting is located in the SETUP ICON, so activate
the On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button.
The Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the SETUP Icon by
pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
Step 3
Once SETUP Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the Command
Button to activate the SETUP Menu.
Step 4
With the SETUP control selected, press DOWN on the Control Button
to select the MANUAL DPC Control.
Step 5
With the MANUAL DPC Control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the MANUAL DPC value to OFF.
All Sky User Manual
Page 24
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 Set AUTO DPC to AUTO
Step 1
Step 2
The AUTO DPC setting is located in the SETUP ICON, so activate the
On Screen Menu by pressing INWARD on the Control Button. The
Main Menu Icons will appear over your image with EXPOSURE
being highlighted in Blue.
With the Main Menu Icons on the screen, select the SETUP Icon by
pressing LEFT on the Control Button.
Step 3
Once SETUP Icon is highlighted, press INWARD on the Command
Button to activate the SETUP Menu.
Step 4
With the SETUP control selected, press DOWN on the Control Button
to select the AUTO DPC Control.
Step 5
With the AUTO DPC Control selected, press LEFT or RIGHT on the
Control Button to change the AUTO DPC value to AUTO.
All Sky User Manual
Page 25
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
E. SHUTTER vs SENSE UP
One of the decisions you will be making is how much exposure do I need. The
answer to this question depends upon your seeing conditions and outside
environment lighting.
You want to capture as many star as you ca, so you will need the maximum
exposure that the sky conditions can provide. But, you may have other non-sky
objects that contain a light source in camera’s field of view. So will a long
exposure will cause that objects light source to overpower the stars in the image.
The technique is to determine which is best you’re your outside situation.
Setting E. SHUTTER manually to a value say to x1024 will always give you that
exposure (for x1024 that would be 17s) The E.SHUTTER’s exposure rate will always
be at that value and a new image will appear when that exposure time is done
(ie every 17s) no matter what the sky conditions are.
Setting E.SHUTTER to AUTO or 1/60 will allow you access to SENSE-UP which will
allow you to keep doubling the exposure time, but in this case the camera will
determine the amount of doubling it should perform without over exposing the
image. It may deem that 4 seconds is best (even though you might disagree
and you had set it to 8 seconds, that is at x512).
Check them both out to see which technique is best you your situation.
All Sky User Manual
Page 26
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Controlling the All Sky by Hand
You can control the All Sky manually by the use of the Command Control.
Using the All Sky Camera Command Control allows you the move Up, Down,
Left, and Right by pushing on the Control Button. To activate a command just
press INWARD on the Control Button.
Up
Left
Press
Right
Down
The All Sky Camera OSD Settings
The following table will guide you in locating a specific OSD or On Screen Display
image control. Once you get the hang of locating the settings, it will be worth
your time to peruse the Chapter Understanding the OSD to get a deeper
comprehension how the adjustments will affect your image.
Always remember the suggested settings are a recommendation, as your
viewing condition will affect the image, so don’t be afraid to experiment.
All Sky User Manual
Page 27
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
All Sky Camera On Screen Display Menu and ICONS
MAIN MENU
EXPOSURE
SUB MENU
LENS
OPTION MENU
ELC
E. SHUTTER
X1024, X512, X256, X128, X64, X32,
X167, X8, X4, X2,AUTO, 1/60, 1/100FLK,
1/120, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000,
1/4000, 1/10000, 1/100000
DC
BRIGHT
1 to 100
E.SHUTTER
X1024, X512, X256, X128, X64, X32,
X167, X8, X4, X2,AUTO, 1/60, 1/100FLK,
1/120, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000, 1/2000,
1/4000, 1/10000, 1/100000
HBLC/D-WDR
BRIGHT
1 to 100
DC REF
0 to 20
BLC MODE
AUTO
OFF
BLC
MANUAL
HLI
All Sky User Manual
TOP
0 to 15
BOTTOM
0 to 15
LEFT
0 to 15
RIGHT
0 to 15
BLC WEIGHT
OFF/LOW/MID/HIGH
HBLC
HBLC
LEVEL
OFF/LOW/MID/HIGH
TOP
0 to 15
BOTTOM
0 to 16
LEFT
0 to 16
RIGHT
0 to 15
Page 28
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
D-WDR
COLOR
MODE
ALL DAY, NIGHT
SET LEVEL
0 to 100
GRAY MODE
GRAY, D. GRAY, BLACK
MASK SEL
MASK 1
to 4
D-WDR LEVEL
MODE
OFF, ON
TOP
0 to 33
BOTTOM
0 to 34
LEFT
0 to 33
RIGHT
0 to 34
0 to 20
AGC
OFF, LOW, MID, HIGH
3D DNR
AUTO, OFF, LOW, MID, HIGH
SENSE-UP
AUTO, OFF, X2, X4, X8, X16, X32, X64, X128, X256, X512
WB MODE
ATW
MANUAL
M. WB R
0 to 128
M. WB B
0 to 128
AWC>PUSH
DAY and
NIGHT
R-Y GAIN
0 to 255
B-Y GAIN
0 to 255
D&N MODE
AUTO
BURST
OFF, ON
DAY>NIGHT
0 to 30
NIGHT>DAY
0 to 29
DWELL TIME
0 to 15
BURST
OFF, ON
DAY>NIGHT
0 to 255
NIGHT>DAY
0 to 255
SMART IR
LEVEL
COLOR
B&W
EX-CD
All Sky User Manual
1 to 40
Page 29
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
DWELL TIME
1 to 15
EXIT
FUNCTION
C_SUP
0 to 100
A_SUP
0 to 100
MIRROR
OFF, ON
SHARPNESS
0 to 30
MONITOR
MODE1, MODE2
GAMMA
0.45
0.60
1.00
USER
LSC
PRIVACY
0.20, 0.25, 0.30, 0.35, 0.40, 0.45, 0.50, 0.55, 0.60,
0.65, 0.70, 0.75, 0.80, 0.85, 0.90. 0.95, 1.00
OFF
ON
MOTION
Level
SET LEVEL
MOTION
OFF, ON
AREA SEL
AREA 1 to AREA 4
SENSITI
0 to 30
DISPLAY
OFF, ICON, TRACE
HOLD TIME
3 to 15
ALARM
OFF, ON
MASK1 to
MASK8
OFF
ON
DOT SEL
0 to 30
MASK MODE
OFF, ON
TOP
0 to 190
BOTTOM
0 to 190
LEFT
0 to 190
RIGHT
0 to 190
L_TOP, R_TOP, L_BOT, R_BOT
DOT XY
MOVE XY
COLOR SET
All Sky User Manual
BLACK, WHITE, RED, GREEN, BLUE,
MAGENTA, GRAY
Page 30
All Sky User Manual
SETUP
October 11, 2014
TITLE
MANUAL DPC
OFF
MANUAL
AUTO DPC
WHITE THR
0 to 255
BLACK THR
0 to 255
DPC LEVEL
0 to 255
DPC LEVEL
1 to 50
OFF
AUTO
DPC RUN
SYSTEM
OLPF
650, 850
OSD COLOR
BLUE, MAGENTA, CYAN, GRAY, BLACK, WHITE, RED, GREEN
CAMERA ID
000 TO 255
OFF
COMMUNI
EXIT
ON
PROTOCOL
PELCO-D
BAUDRATE
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200
LANGUAGE
ENGLISH, CHINA, …
FACTORY SET
NO
YES
SAVE&EXIT
EXIT
All Sky User Manual
Page 31
All Sky User Manual
4.
October 11, 2014
Understanding the OSD
On Screen Display (OSD) Menu
The following are a more detailed explanation on what function each control in the All
Sky Camera performs. Remember use the suggested values as a guide, as your seeing
conditions will dictate how the settings need to be set.
Note: You will have to use the SAVE&EXIT command to save the setting adjustments
you have made, else they will revert to the previously saved values after about 1 minute.
MENU MAIN
This is the main menu for the All Sky. It is
from here that you select which setting
you would like to adjust.
Menu selections include: EXPOSURE,
COLOR, DAY&NIGHT, FUNCTION,
MOTION, PRIVACY, SETUP, SYSTEM,
and EXIT.
EXPOSURE MAIN
This setting is used to adjust all aspects
of the exposure. Settings include: LENS,
HBLC/D –WDR, AGC, 3D DNR, and
SENSE UP. It is in this Menu that you will
make most of your changes.
All Sky User Manual
Page 32
All Sky User Manual
LENS
October 11, 2014
This setting allows to set the LENS to one
of two adjustments for controlling the
electronic exposure:
ELC (Electronic Light Control)
DC (for DC IRIS Lens Control) –We don’t
use Auto /Iris Lenses for the All Sky
Camera, so there is no need set to this
setting.
LEN -ELC
E.SHUTTER
You will use this control to adjust the
Electronic Shutter settings of the camera.
This control allows you to select from:
X1024 (16,8s) , X512 (8.4s), X256, X128,
X64, X32, X167, X8, X4, X2, AUTO, 1/60,
1/100FLK, 1/120, 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000,
1/2000, 1/4000, 1/10000, and1/100000 of
a second. For most of your viewing, you
This control allows you to adjust the
will most likely use AUTO Shutter setting
Electronic shutter and the Brightness of
will automatically make adjustment from
the image.
1/60 to 1/100000 of a second.
All Sky User Manual

X2 = 1/32 second exposure

X4 = 1/16 second exposure

X8 = 1/8 second exposure

X16 = 1/4 second exposure

X32 = 1/2 second exposure

X64 = 1 second exposure

X128 = 2.1second exposure

X256 = 4.2 second exposure

X512 = 8.4 second exposure

X1024 =16.8 second exposure
Page 33
All Sky User Manual
BRIGHT
October 11, 2014
This adjustment allows you to adjust the
brightness of the image. You have the
ability to adjust the brightness range from
1 to 100 with the default being 50.
HBLC/D-WDR
This selections will provide options for
enhancing the visibility of objects on the
screen specifically when there are
different illumination settings in the
background.
This Menu will provide you the following
controls:

OFF

BLC (Back Light Compensation)

HLI (HighLight Inverse)

D-WDR
OFF
The object visibility enhancement mode
is turn OFF and no adjustments are
made.
All Sky User Manual
Page 34
All Sky User Manual
This selection will allow you to enhance
October 11, 2014
BLC
the visibility of objects located in the
foreground, specifically when they are
surrounded by a strongly illuminated
background.
You will be provided with a choice of
AUTO or MANUAL Mode along with the
ability to select the level of BCL
enhancement.
All Sky User Manual
Page 35
All Sky User Manual
MANUAL
October 11, 2014
This selections allows you to adjust the
size and location of the area where the
camera’s BLC function is active. By using
the button control you are adjust the TOP,
BOTTOM, LEFT and RIGHT locations of
the shaded box (which indicates the
enhancement area).
AUTO
This selections allows the Mallincam All
Sky camera to make the enhancement
adjustment AUTOMATICALLY based on
the current image.
This selection allows you to adjust the
BLC WEIGHT
BLC Level applied to the enhancements
to the visibility of the foreground objects
to the background illumination.
You are provided with 4 choices.

OFF

LOW

MID

HIGH
All Sky User Manual
Page 36
All Sky User Manual
The HLI or High Light Mask Function
October 11, 2014
HLI
selection in the HBLC/D- WDR control
allows the All Sky Camera to make
enhancements adjustments for objects
located near a bright point light source. If
a bright point light source appears on the
screen, this function will mask it, thus
allowing the observation of other objects
on the screen.
You will be provided with 5 control
options within this menu:

HBLC

MODE

SET LEVEL

GRAY MODE

MASK SEL
This is an extra feature of HLI. It is
HBLC
Highlight Backlight Compensation and
what this will do is intensify the area
around the bright object to help you see
the object better. If you leave this off,
regular HLI will do its job and will only
black out the bright object but will not
intensify the areas that are directly
around the bright object. You can select
All Sky User Manual
Page 37
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
the intensity of the BLC as well as the
area that you would like to apply this
setting to.

HBLC Level: (OFF, Low, Mid,
High)

Top (1-15): Up adjustment

Bottom (1-16): Down adjustment

Left (1-15): Left adjustment

Right (1-16) Right adjustment
This adjustments allow the effect to be
applied to the 4 masks on the screen.
The 4 masks can be individually size and
moved through the HLI Menu
The D-WDR (Digital Wide Dynamic
D-WDR
Range) control allows you to effectively
observe the scene with different
illumination levels by correcting the
Gamma Curve.
This control effectively improves the dark
parts of the image without the saturation
from the white parts of the image. You
can manually adjust the levels from 0 to
20.
D-WDR at 0
All Sky User Manual
D-WDR at 20
Page 38
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
AGC
AGC or Auto Gain Control is used to set
the AGC level. When activated, AGC will
automatically increase the sensitivity of
the All Sky Camera by amplifying the
video signal received.
This Menu will provide you with the
following settings:
All Sky User Manual

OFF

LOW

MID

HIGH
Page 39
All Sky User Manual
3D DNR
October 11, 2014
3D Digital Noise Reduction allows the
Mallincam All Sky Camera to display an
improved image in low light conditions by
reducing the noise from the screen.
This Menu will provide you with the
following settings:

OFF
This is a great automatic feature that can

LOW
help reduce a “noisy” picture at night or

MID

HIGH

AUTO
during very low light levels. On HIGH
mode the picture will be very clear but
keep in mind this could increase
"ghosting" on your screen. Please toggle
this setting at night time. If you notice a
nice clear picture at night with this setting
as being off, then please leave it like that.
However, if you notice a great deal of
noise you can toggle between the
strength settings to see what best suits
your seeing conditions.
All Sky User Manual
Page 40
All Sky User Manual
SENSE UP
October 11, 2014
This Setting allows you to adjust the
exposure of the All Sky (to a maximum of
8.4 seconds) by utilizing the HIGH value
of the AGC setting and with E. SHUTTER
set to either AUTO or 1/60. The system
will automatically reduce the shutter speed
whenever light drops below a certain level.
SENSE UP is available only when the
(LENS/ELC) E. SHUTTER control is set to
AUTO or 1/60s. You use this command in
conjunction with E.SHUTTER and the
AGC controls. The combination of these
controls allows you to push the exposure
duration to the maximum and thus see
more faint objects such as faint stars.
Note: E-SHUTTER gives you more
manual controls (up to 17s) of exposure.
The available settings for SENSE UP are:
All Sky User Manual

OFF

AUTO

X2 = 1/32 second exposure

X4 = 1/16 second exposure

X8 = 1/8 second exposure

X16 = 1/4 second exposure

X32 = 1/2 second exposure

X64 = 1 second exposure

X128 = 2.1second exposure

X256 = 4.2 second exposure

X512 = 8.4 second exposure
Page 41
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
COLOR MAIN
This Menu contains the commands to
adjust the White Balance and the Color
Gain of the displayed image to match the
current seeing conditions.
WB MODE
The White Balance Mode allows to you
adjust the color for various light
conditions.
This command provides the following
adjustments:

ATW (Auto Tracing White
Balance)

MANUAL White Balance

AWC>PUSH

AWC
ATW (Auto Tracing White Balance)
This is a specific form of AWC, ATW
continually tracks and adjusts the White
Balance, making it suitable for use in
cameras in which the image content and
lighting are subject to changes. You will
be able to adjust the R-Y Gain (Red Tint)
or the B-Y Gain (Blue Tint).
All Sky User Manual
Page 42
All Sky User Manual
The WB –MANUAL Control allows you to
October 11, 2014
MANUAL
manually set the white balance mode by
letting you select individual colors to
adjust to a fixed setting.
You can set either the M. WB R (Manual
White Balance Red) or the M. WB B
(Manual White Balance Blue) settings
from a low of 0 to a high of 128.
The AWC>PUSH control when activated,
AWC>PUSH
will adjust the White Balance to the
current image and adjust red and blues
accordingly. To control this, be sure to
push the middle button while this feature
is selected. Use this is your colors look
way off.
All Sky User Manual
Page 43
All Sky User Manual
The AWC (Auto White Compensation)
October 11, 2014
AWC
control is a feature that is very similar to
that of ATW but it tracks all color
temperatures as opposed to just white
like ATW. We still recommend ATW as
opposed to AWC.
R-Y GAIN
This control allows you to adjust the RED
component value. That is, it lets you
define the Red Gain starting point.
We recommend leaving at default value of
128
It ranges from 0 to 255.
B-Y GAIN
This control allows you to adjust the BLUE
component value. That is, it lets you
define the Blue Gain starting point.
We recommend leaving at default value of
128.
It ranges from 0 to 255
DAY&NIGHT MAIN
The Day and Night control allows the All
Sky Camera to adjust from the colors of
the daytime to the Black and White of the
night sky. We will want a Black and
White image at night because the
camera can give a much clearer image
when it doesn’t have to process colors.
All Sky User Manual
Page 44
All Sky User Manual
D&N MODE
October 11, 2014
The D&N Mode provides you with 4
options:

COLOR -The camera processes
images in color.

B&W – The Camera processes the
images in Black and White.

EX-CDS - This camera is not
equipped with the EX-CDS
feature; choose AUTO instead.

AUTO – the camera make a best
guess as to display in COLOR or
B&W based on the parameters set
in the AUTO Control and the
current light levels.
BURST
AUTO
The Control is set to ON if you are using
a long video cable and the current image
is of poor quality.
AUTO Mode in the D&N Control provide
you with 4 options.

BURST

DAY>NIGHT

NIGHT>DAY

DWELL TIME
The defaults for these are fine for
most uses.
All Sky User Manual
Page 45
All Sky User Manual
DAY>NIGHT
October 11, 2014
This setting (1 to 30) will tell the All
Sky Camera when to switch over from
DAY Mode to NIGHT Mode. The
lower the value the quicker the
process will be. This settings runs in
conjunction with NIGHT>DAY, so
don’t make both values the same.
All Sky User Manual
Page 46
All Sky User Manual
NIGHT>DAY
This setting (1 to 30) will tell the All
October 11, 2014
Sky Camera when to switch over from
NIGHT Mode to DAY Mode. The
lower the value the quicker the
process will be. This settings runs in
conjunction with DAY>NIGHT, so
don’t make both values the same.
DWELL TIME
This setting (1 to 15) tells the ALL Sky
Camera how long to switchover when
it senses enough light level to make
the switch. The lower the setting the
less time it takes to make the switch.
If the light levels are constantly
changing, you enter a larger number
so that the switch will be delayed until
you have a more constant light
condition.
All Sky User Manual
Page 47
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
C_SUP
This setting sets the Color Noise
Suppression for Night Mode. You have a
range from 0 to 100 to choose from. The
higher the value the less color you will see
Night Mode (more the suppression).
Not available when 3D DNR is set to ON.
A_SUP
This setting sets the Aperture
Suppression for Night Mode. You have a
range from 0 to 100 to choose from. The
more Edge sharpness will be reduced in
Night Mode when a higher value is
chosen.
Not available when 3D DNR is set to ON.
FUNCTION MAIN
This section contains commands that
allow you to control the view of the
image. These include:

MIRROR

SHARPNESS

MONITOR

GAMMA

LSC
All Sky User Manual
Page 48
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
MIRROR
This control allows you to Mirror (reverse
left to right) the image.
Control choices are:

OFF

ON
SHARPNESS
This control allows you to adjust the
sharpness of the image. You can adjust
from a sharpness value of 0 all the way
thru to 30. We have found 14 to be a
good value for the sky. Just adjust to
your requirements.
MONITOR
This control allows you to select from one
of two modes:

MODE1

MODE2
MODE2 seems to produce a slightly
brighter image than MODE1. We
recommend that you choose MODE2
when imaging the sky specifically when
using a LCD monitor.
All Sky User Manual
Page 49
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
GAMMA
This is an electronic correction carried
out by the All Sky Camera circuitry to
balance the brightness seen by the
camera to the image observed on the
monitor. GAMMA feature gives you
choices to select: 0.45, 0.6, and 1.0 and
USER. The smaller the value the brighter
the image will appear on your screen.
We have found that a GAMMA value of
0.6 is best for the sky.
USER
The USER control within GAMMA allows
you a more precise setting of the GAMMA
value. It ranges from 0.20 to 1.00 in steps
of 0.05.
LSC
LSC or Lens Shading Compensation is a
form of AGC that is useful if part of the
image gets temporarily shaded (by a
cloud for example). The control will
automatically increase the brightness of
the image to compensate. We
recommend leaving this ON and at a
value of 10.
All Sky User Manual
Page 50
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
LSC – ON
Setting the value of 10 is a good start for
this control. You experience with your own
sky conditions will allow you to adjust this
value as necessarily.
MOTION MAIN
This control can inform you that there is
motions on the screen. It can monitor up
to 4 fixed areas on the image. This menu
contains 6 Settings:

MOTION

AREA SEL

SENSITI

DISPLAY

HOLD TIME

ALARM
Since the only application of this menu
may be during a meteor shower, we will
not discuss the Menu Choices. But you
can select one of 4 fixed areas to monitor
and instruct the camera how it should
inform you when it detects motion (red
square or icon). Note: ALARM is not
active since no speaker in camera.
All Sky User Manual
Page 51
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
PRIVACY MAIN
This menu allows you to set up to 8
blacked out areas on the image. This has
no application in the astronomy area, so
this menu is not discussed
SETUP MAIN
This menu contains settings that control
the All Sky Camera’s internal operations.
You can adjust the 5 following controls:

TITLE

MANUAL DPC

AUTO DPC

OLPF

OSD COLOR
All Sky User Manual
Page 52
All Sky User Manual
TITLE
October 11, 2014
You options for this control are ON or
OFF. When set to ON, you can insert a
Title by selecting characters from the
screen. Once the Title is complete Click
on the RET command, and when you
SAVE&EXIT from the EXIT Menu, your
message will then be displayed on the
upper left corner of your screen.
MANUAL DPC
Manual DPC or Dead Pixel Compensation
instructs the camera to compensate for
any dead pixels by filling in that dead pixel
with the color from nearby pixels. We
recommend using the Automatic DPC
command rather than this control.
If you do set this setting to ON, you will be
able to adjust the White Threshold, the
Black Threshold, and the DPC Level for
triggering the process.
All Sky User Manual
Page 53
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
AUTO DPC
When AUTO is selected, you will be
allowed to select the DPC Level, then
select DPC RUN, and the All Sky Camera
will do a Dead Pixel Count, and will then
count and fill in those dead pixels
automatically. We recommend setting this
control to AUTO.
OLPF
OLPF or Optical Low Pass Filter is a
feature that is used when you place
different filters over the lens. But since the
lens on the All Sky Camera is fixed,
changing the value to either 850 or 650
will have no effect on your image.
OSD COLOR
The OSD or On Screen Display that is
activated when you press INWARD on the
Control Button can be displayed in
different colors (Default is Blue).
Your Color Choices are: BLUE,
MAGENTA, CYAN, GRAY, BLACK,
WHITE, RED, GREEN
All Sky User Manual
Page 54
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
SYSTEM MAIN
It is here that you can control the camera
ID, Communications, Language in which
the On Screen Display uses. We
recommend that these are not adjusted
since the All Sky Camera has no RS485
Communication controls.
EXIT MAIN
It is here that you can reset the All Sky
Camera back to the factor defaults, and
where you save the changes to the
settings that you have made in the
camera. Remember, you need to use the
SAVE&EXIT to make the adjustment
permanent for the next camera reboot,
else in about 1 minute, the All Sky
Camera will revert to the previously
saved values.
All Sky User Manual
Page 55
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
FACTORY SET
To Reset the All Sky Camera back to the
Factory Settings (this is useful if the
camera is acting strangely or you have
made changes and have forgot what you
did and you cannot get back a great
image). Select YES and then press
INWARD on the Control Button to activate
the RESET process and the settings will
revert (The FACTORY SET will change
back to NO), then select SAVE&EXIT to
save these FACTORY RESET settings.
SAVE&EXIT
To keep the changes to the settings you
have made on the All Sky Camera press
INWARD on the Control Button. The
changes will be saved and the On Screen
Display will close.
EXIT
Selecting this control just turns OFF the
On Screen Display. It DOES NOT save
you setting adjustments.
All Sky User Manual
Page 56
All Sky User Manual
5.
Appendix
October 11, 2014
Appendix A – Installing the MCV
The MCV-1 and the MCV-1e both come nicely packed in its own see-through packaging. The
installation procedures will be the same for either package. The following are the techniques I
have used on 4 different computers (3 laptops and 1 desktop). Some are 32 bit and others are
64 bit, all run windows 7. I have not encountered any problems installing this way.
Note
Do some pre-planning to minimize frustration that may occur when Windows gets
a bit temperamental. I use both the MallinCam All Sky and the MallinCam
Signature exclusively with computer control, so I needed to assign one USB port
for my video input (MCV) and another USB port for my serial cable (Belkin USB
Serial cable). I even label which port is which on my lap-top (just in case I forget). I
will always use the same port for each device, so that I will not have multiple
versions of the drivers for multiple USB ports (you are just teasing the windows
gods if you mix and match, and they will get even).
The MCV-1 and MCV-1e are heavy and depending upon your computer’s
manufacturer, the MCV may put some strain on the USB port. Therefore I use a
small 6” USB cable extender, and plug the extender into the USB port for and plug
the MCV into the other end of the extender.
Step 1
Open the Package
When you open the package you will find:
 1 mini CD
 1 User’s Manual
 MCV-1 (1e) Do not inset this into USB port until instructed
 Take the instruction booklet and the mini CD and place them on the table. If
your computer cannot handle a mini CD (you cannot physically lock the CD into
the centre hole of the CD drive), then you can down load the software by
following the next step
 Go to the MallincamUSA website and download the latest drivers for the MCV
device:
http://www.mallincamusa.com/Files/MVC-1%20Software%20CD.zip
This file is in a zip format, so you will need to unzip the file.
You should see 5 folders and about 4 other files inside the unzipped
folder.
All Sky User Manual
Page 57
All Sky User Manual
Step 2
October 11, 2014
Insert the MCV-1 or MCV-1e
Remember the USB port you choose for the MCV; you will always use this USB
port for the MCV.
 The Windows will find new hardware and will attempt to load drivers. It
will most likely fail on one driver. Don’t worry that is why you have the
driver installation software.
 Either insert the CD or run the program autorun.exe in the folder of the
file you downloaded.
 When you see the green USB 2.0 HD HV Grabber screen, CLICK on the
option: Install Drivers.
 You may receive a Windows warning asking you if you want to allow the
installation to run, Click Yes.
 Follow the instructions on the Installation of USB Video/Audio Device
Driver Wizard that is displayed on the desktop.
 The installation takes under a minute. Once complete, you will be
presented with a notification windows, click Finish with the “Yes, I want
to restart my computer now” option selected.
 The computer will restart. Login in as you normally would.
 You don’t need to install any of the other files from the HD AV Grabber
installer.
All Sky User Manual
Page 58
All Sky User Manual
Step 3
October 11, 2014
Checking out the MCV-1 or MCV-1e
It is always a good idea to check out the MCV-1e to see if it is running correctly
after you have done a first time installation.
 Start the Image software that you will using to display your All Sky Video
image such as: AmpCap, SharpCap, VirtualDub,..)
 In the Video Device menu, you should see a Video Source called “USB
2828x Device”. This is the driver for either the MCV-1 or MCV-1e device.
This is the one we want. Select it
 Power up your Signature, and you should be able to see the camera’s
images on the video window of your software.
Note
Oh No, the video is not working correctly, strange stuff is happening and it is
not my camera
After you have checked all of the obvious: Power to the All Sky, Software
(AMCAP) is pointing to the correct input device on the MCV (remember it has 2
connection types: RCA and SVIDEO).
 Down load the updated MCV-1 or MCV-1e driver from the Mallincam
Software Links Site:
All Sky User Manual
Page 59
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Appendix B Connecting to Night Skies Network
Introduction
I found that when I first started connecting to NSN, things started happening too fast for me to
keep track of everything at once. So, pre-planning was the most the most crucial step for me. I
found that by doing test runs in the comfort of my house allowed me to develop my techniques
that work for the equipment and software that I use. Below are the results and steps that I use
to broadcast on NSN, feel free to follow them and/or made modification as you deem as
necessary.
Note
Computer real-estate will be your nemesis. So, depending upon the size of the
monitor (laptop), then number of screens that you are using, then number of
software programs that using are simultaneously are using, will dictate how you
will manage your windows. I will describe how I have organized my windows
under a variety of situations (1 computer, 1 computer with 2 monitors, which
software packages am I using, and what am I trying to do this session).
Remember, it’s all about having fun, and time and patience are your best friends
(not to mention all the guys and gals, and the Yahoo – MallinCam site :
http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/mallincam/messages
One of the most important decisions you will need to make with broadcasting the image of the
ALL SKY is what Video capture software are you going to use. Some simple suggestions:
You can have NSN grab the image directly off your Video Capture Device (MCV), but I find it
more convenient to either use a Video Capture Software such as AMCAP, or SMARTCAP to
display my image and then capture my screen by using Splitcam, Manycam, or WebCamMax.
Even better Splitcam, Manycam, or WebCamMax can both display and pass along the image to
NSN without the need of a Video Capture Software. All three have about the same features,
some of these have versions that will cost you, but all have a version that is free (reduced
functions, advertisements, etc…). My current program of choice is Splitcam (I can live with the
Advertisements, but it has some amazing extras such as the ability to change Video Input from
Svideo to composite, a must if you use MallinCam’s MCV device with a variety of cameras.
Step 1
Plug in the ALL SKY camera into a USB Port (MCV) on your computer.
Note
Always use the same port for your connected devices. I even mark on
my laptop which USB port is for which device. I even use a specific USB
port for my Video input devices (MCV, ALL SKY, Dazzle), and a specific
port for by RS232, RS485 devices. For example if you only have 2 ports,
then 1 port is for video input (MCV), and the other port is for RS485
control.
All Sky User Manual
Page 60
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Start Manycam/Splitcam/WebcamMax
Step 2
Note
Step 3
Size the Manycam/Splitcam/WebcamMax window so that you will have
room for your Browser to open. If you have a dual monitor system you
can slide Manycam/Splitcam/WebcamMax window to the second
monitor.
Have Manycam/ Splitcam/WebcamMax Choose your Video Driver as the Source
Note
Once connected, you should have the image of what the All Sky is
looking at inside the Window of the software. If you are using a third
party Video Display Software then have Manycam / Splitcam /
WebcamMax choose Desktop Capture as the source.
Adjust the Resolution and frames/second (fps) value on
Manycam/Splitcam/WebcamMax
Step 4
Note
Step 5
This will be trial and error; it all depends upon resolution, bandwidth,
and what over members on NSN experience from your broadcasted
image. You will end up adjusting both on the Manycam / Splitcam
/WebcamMax side as well and on the NSN side to get the best image.
For me I start at 800x600 and NSN at 800x600.
Start your Web Browser of Choice
You may have to play with a number of Browsers to see which one works well with your
particular computer setup. I have had success with 3 browsers: Chrome, Internet
Explorer, and Maxthon. My current favourite browser to use for NSN broadcast is
Chrome.
All Sky User Manual
Page 61
All Sky User Manual
Step 6
October 11, 2014
Log into Night Skies Network (NSN)
Have your Web Brower go to the location: http://www.nightskiesnetwork.com/ . Locate
and click on the BROADCASTERS AND MEMBERS SIGN IN button. The next Login screen
will ask you to enter your username and password. You will next be presented with the
Channel Line Up screen for Night Skies network. Click on the Login selection on the
upper right hand side of the screen.
You will be presented with the Channel Launch Sign In screen for NSN. Again enter your
Username and Password and click on Publish Channel button.
Step 7
Allow Adobe Flash to use your Manycam/Splitcam/WebcamMax
The Adobe Flash Player Settings window will pop up on your screen asking you for
permission to use your camera and your microphone. Select Allow.
All Sky User Manual
Page 62
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Turn off your Microphone
Step 8
Until you have your microphone figured out, it is best to initially turn it off. If you do not,
the viewers on NSN may hear a loud buzzing (feedback noise). Later on we will look at
using the microphone, but until then I recommend CLICKING on the little microphone
symbol on the upper right corner of the NSN video display window to disable the
microphone.
Step 9
Set a message for the NSN observers
It is a good idea to display a message above the NSN display window, so that the other
NSN views understand what you are doing. When initially setting up (which usually takes
longer when you are learning), I usually type the message “Setting Up the Camera” then
CLICK on the SEND button to have it displayed.
Note
Step 10
When you are us and running and everything is working as it should, you
will change the message to indicate, what telescope, mount, and camera
you are using. For that is the most frequently asked question from the
NSN viewers.
Select the Camera
Now is the time to activate the camera, or in our case have NSN driver point to our
Manycam/Splitcam/WebcamMax output or the Video Adapter Driver is you are not
using Manycam/Splitcam/WebcamMax.
 RIGHT CLICK inside the NSN Video window to bring up a Settings Window
All Sky User Manual
Page 63
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
 CLICK on the Settings choice and you will be presented with the Adobe Flash
Player Settings Window.
 CLICK on the Camera Icon and you will be presented with a pull down menu to
select your camera.
 CLICK on the Pull Down list to select your camera of choice.
 CLICK on CLOSE to Continue.
NSN will remember what camera you chose from the last visit. So
usually you only have to go through this process whenever you want to
change what camera device you would like the NSN flash driver to use.
Step 11
Choose your Camera Settings
We will now select the settings for our camera. We have the option of changing: The
Bandwidth, Picture, Resolution, Framerate, and even the microphone rate (when you
All Sky User Manual
Page 64
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
are ready). The changes will not be activated until you CLICK on the Green OK symbol in
the window.
 LEFT CLICK inside the NSN video Window to bring up the Camera Settings
Window.
 Use the sliders for Band Width and Picture values. I usually have both of my
sliders way on the right. Over time you will find the sweet spot for your system.
 Select your Resolution from the Pull Down Menu. Start at 800x600 and move up
from there. Play with these to see what settings the NSN viewers say is the
best.
 Select your Frame Rate. From its Pull Down Menu. I usually leave it at 15 fps,
but I have used 30 fps at times. Again trial and error for your system.
 CLICK on the green OK symbol to accept these settings
That’s it, you are done. If everything is working well and the Window’s gods are in a good mood,
you should be broadcasting whatever object the ALL SKY is capturing. You should now enter
another Message and SEND it out to indicate what system you are using and what object you
are viewing.
Note
Note
There is a time delay on what you say (if you have you microphone
activated) and do on your computer as compared to what others see
(and hear) on the NSN broadcast.
You will freeze (and I don’t mean like what Chris does when he
broadcasts in winter till 3am), I mean from time to time your NSN
connection will freeze for no apparent reason. It happens to us all.
When this happens, you can simply terminate the Web browser
program (Ctrl –Alt-Del). Then restart your browser and Log back into
NSN. This usual is a very quick process. But, sometime we all have to
All Sky User Manual
Page 65
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
restart our computer (this takes longer for we need to power down
hardware and software) and reactivate everything before login back in.
Don’t worry, the NSN viewers sense what is happening and will keep the
conversations going while waiting for you to come back on.
Don’t be afraid to ask for advice by typing in on the Video chat window, as we are all learning
and are willing to assist whenever we can.
When ready, try activating the microphone (click on the microphone symbol). Other will let you
know if they can hear you, or if there is noise. Remember there are settings for the microphone
in the camera settings window.
I have become hooked on Splitcam. With my dual monitor system I have Splitcam grab my
Video device (USB 2828x Device) directly. Splitcam can adjust brightness, contrast, etc. I can also
call up the USB 2828x Device control panel (located in File/Video settings) which gives you
some more control of the MCV’s image output or by using the Options Tab thus allowing you to
change the brightness contrast, sharpness over and above what the All Sky camera does. Since I
place Splitcam on its own monitor (the second monitor), I can make it full screen to see all the
detail, while my fist monitor has the NSN connection screen with its preview and chat window.
Note
When you are finished with your session, you simply say your good
nights to the crowd of NSN viewers to let them know that your session is
ending. CLICK on the red STOP button on your NSN Window and NSN
will shut down your channel and you can power down your system and
call it an evening (It won’t force the NSN viewers off the channel and
some viewers will continue chatting long after you have gone to bed).
All Sky User Manual
Page 66
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Appendix C – First Aid for the All Sky
The Image from the All Sky is jumping all over the place
Diagnosis:
The camera is not getting a proper video signal.
Cure:
Check to make sure that the video cable is snuggly connected
from the All Sky to the Computer.
When I have my Video Software connect to my
Mallincam through my MCV-1 adapter I only see a Blue
screen.
Diagnosis:
Cure:
The MCV-1 or other adapters can have multiple video input
connections. For example the MCV-1 has both composite and Svideo. The cause of this symptom is that MallinCam is looking at one
of those input ports, while the camera is sending the image through
the other. Your Video Display software then just gives a Blue screen
to say that I see nothing at the MCV-1 source.
Set the video to use the Composite port on the x2828 (MCV)
video driver. Note: Miloslick/Splitcam/AmCap/Miloslick can
change the port choice of the MCV-1. Just go into the Video
Tab and in the Drop Down list choose Video Input. Inside this
drop down will be the choice of input ports.
My ALL SKY Camera is frozen, or the commands do not
seem to be working correctly, the camera is acting
strangely.
Diagnosis:
Somehow the MallinCam internals have become corrupted (power
surge, static, cosmic ray) and all we need to do is reset everything
back to factory settings.
Cure:
The first thing you should do is turn off MallinCam for about 30
seconds, then power it up as you normally would (this fixes about
95% of the issues). If this didn’t help, you can reset the MallinCam All
Sky to its Initial Factor Settings by following this sequence:



Press the Center Button so the ICON Menu appears.
Select the EXIT ICON
Now Select the FACTORY SET option and activate YES
All Sky User Manual
Page 67
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Appendix D – Setting Template
Menu Parameter
Setting
Comments
1. Exposure
ELC

E. Shutter

Bright
HVLC/D-WDR
AGC
3D-DNR
Senseup
2. Color
WB Mode
R-Y Gain
B-Y Gain
3. Day & Night
D&N Mode
4. Function
Mirror
Sharpness
Monitor
Gamma
LSC
5. Setup
DPC Auto
DPC Manual
6. Other
All Sky User Manual
Page 68
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Jack Huerkamp’s recommended Settings
Menu Parameter
Setting
Comments
1. Exposure
ELC
AUTO

E. Shutter

Bright
HVLC/D-WDR
AGC
HIGH
3D-DNR
HIGH
Senseup
X64
2. Color
WB Mode
ATW
R-Y Gain
B-Y Gain
3. Day & Night
D&N Mode
AUTO
4. Function
Mirror
Sharpness
14
Monitor
2
Gamma
0.6
LSC
ON
5. Setup
DPC Auto
DPC Manual
AUTO
OFF
6. Other
All Sky User Manual
Page 69
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Appendix E – Installing All Sky Camera Outside
The base of the Mallincam All Sky Camera is about 3.7” across, so ideally you need a
flat surface 4” or great for the camera to rest on. There are numerous options for you to
attach the All Sky Camera to a platform, each has its benefits and challenges. Some of
the simplest techniques apply the use of Velcro suck to the underneath of the base of
the camera and to the platform. This way it is very easy to unstick the camera if you
have to remove it from the base.
For those of you who want a more permanent installation, you can unscrew the dome off
the base of the Mallincam All Sky Camera, then you have access to three holes
(threaded, I believe 10-32). You then can either use the threads attaching the camera to
a base, or wood screws for attaching base to a wooded platform.
The choices of platform ideas are unlimited, but two that I have seen include a
4x4 fence post with a true 4” diameter wood disk on top. The disk is attached to
the post with nails. Then a thin piece of rubber (acts as a water barrier) is place
on top of the disc, then the base of the All Sky Camera is screwed thru the
rubber thru the disc and into the post. The cable is then run down the side of the
post. A plastic cover can be used to protect the Control Button from the
elements.
All Sky User Manual
Page 70
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Some have substituted 4” diameter PCV pipe (White) and have placed a white
PCV cap on the pipe. The base of the All Sky Camera is then attached to the
Cap which in turn is attached to the PCV Pipe. This way the cap (and camera)
can be removed from the pipe for easy access. Options include cutting a notch in
the pipe to run the cable thru the pipe. (With another notch and an access box
with the Control button in that notch).
All Sky User Manual
Page 71
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Appendix F – Applications of All Sky Camera
All image courtesy of Jack Huerkamp
Day Time Rainbow
International Space Station Tracking
Constellations
Iridium Flares
Meteor during Full Moon
All Sky User Manual
Page 72
All Sky User Manual
October 11, 2014
Appendix G – Notes
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
All Sky User Manual
Page 73
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising