TRACK `N TRADE® PRO

TRACK `N TRADE® PRO
Charting Tools
TRACK ‘N TRADE PRO
VERSION 4.0
Accumulating Wealth One Tic at a Time! ®
ANALYZING CHARTS WITH
CHARTING TOOLS
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ANALYZING CHARTS WITH
CHARTING TOOLS
Applying Technical Formations
Introduction
Track ‘n Trade Pro has a complete set of charting tools that
enable the futures trader to apply concepts from Technical
Analysis to their charting. Take a look at some of the Technical
Analysis formations and trends in this chapter and see how to
apply these concepts in trading with
Track ‘n Trade Pro charting tools.
For more information on these formations and tools see Gecko
Software Educational CDs available on trackntrade.com.
The first tool in the Charting Toolbar is the Crosshair Tool.
Although this tool is not used in helping you define and technically
analyze data, it is used when lining up your technical indicators
and recurring patterns.
Crosshair Tool
The Crosshair Tool is used to draw a line vertically and
horizontally on the chart. The vertical line is drawn through the
Indicator Window as well. To help place the Crosshair line on a
specific value you will notice the cursor price is displayed on the
vertical line of the crosshair.
Charting a Crosshair:
1. Select the Crosshair Tool from the Charting Toolbox.
2. Click on the Chart Window to place Crosshair.
Moving a Crosshair Drawing:
1. To select the Crosshair, click on the center point or lines of
the crosshair and drag to the new location, release mouse
button to place. Note: The tool is selected when a box
appears at the center point.
Deleting a Crosshair Drawing:
1. There are two ways to delete the Crosshair tool.
2. Select the Crosshair drawing by clicking on it and press the
Delete Key on your keyboard.
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3. Place mouse cursor over the Crosshair and right click. In the
popup menu, select Delete.
Deleting only the Horizontal/Vertical Line of the Crosshair:
1. Right-click on the center point of the Crosshair to view the
properties menu.
2. Select/Deselect Show Horizontal (Vertical) Line. A check
will appear in front of the item when it is shown.
Changing Properties of a Crosshair:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the Crosshair.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the Crosshair lines.
Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the Crosshair lines.
Choose from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Font: Changes the font that the cursor price is displayed in.
Show Text: If this option is selected, the text will stay on the
chart after the Crosshair has been drawn, If not selected the
value will only appear when drawing the Crosshair.
Vertical Line: Select/Deselect to view or hide the vertical
Crosshair line. Note: If both the vertical and horizontal lines are
deselected, the crosshair tool will be deleted.
Show Horizontal Line: Select/Deselect to view or hide the
horizontal Crosshair line. Note: If both the vertical and
horizontal lines are deselected, the crosshair tool will be deleted.
Setting: To define the date and value of the Crosshair, select
settings and type in the values. You can also choose to view or
not view the horizontal and vertical lines.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the 1-23 drawing.
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Example of the Crosshair in Track ‘n Trade
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Technical Analysis
The remaining nine charting tools are used to identify Technical
Analysis formations and trends. Take a look at the different
patterns available then read about how to use each of the charting
tools and apply the Technical concepts learned.
Support
Markets have a tendency to move in troughs and peaks, or more
appropriately “Support and Resistance”. These troughs are called
Support. The term is self-explanatory and indicates that support is
a level or area on the chart “under the market” where buying
interest is strong enough to overcome selling pressure. Therefore
a decrease in price is reversed and prices rise once again.
Typically a support level is identified by a previous set of lows.
Resistance
Essentially, resistance (or the “peaks”) is the opposite of support.
Resistance is defined as a horizontal ceiling where the pressure to
sell is greater than the pressure to buy. Therefore, an increase in
price is reversed and prices revert downward. Typically, support
can be located on a chart by a previous set of highs.
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Charting Tools
Line Tool
To draw a support/resistance line (also referred to as a trend) use
either the Line or Multi-Line Tools.
Drawing a Line:
1. Select the Line Tool.
2. Left click on the chart where you want the Line to begin.
3. Hold down the mouse button and move to the position where
the Line ends.
4. Release the mouse button to place.
Resizing the Line:
1. Select the Line drawing by clicking on it. You will know the
Line is selected when boxes appear at the ends of the Line.
2. Click on a box and drag to the desired length. Release the
mouse button to place the end point of the Line.
Moving the Line:
1. Select the Line drawing by clicking on it.
2. Click on the Line (not on a box) and drag to new location and
release mouse button to place.
To Delete the Line:
Left click on the Line Tool to select, and then press the Delete
key on your keyboard. Or, right-click the line and select Delete
on the popup menu.
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Examples of the Line Tool in Track ‘n Trade
Multi-Line Tool
Some contracts will have a continuous line/trend of alternating
support and resistance. You may illustrate these multi-lines with
the Line or Multi-Line Tool.
Drawing a Multi-Line:
1. Select the Multi-Line Line Tool.
2. Left click on the chart where you want the Line to start.
3. Move the mouse to the next point on the Multi-Line and left
click to place.
4. Repeat step 3 until the last point. When placing the last
point on the Multi-Line, right click to place.
Resizing the Multi-Line:
1. Select the Multi-Line drawing by clicking on it. You will know
the Multi-Line is selected when boxes appear at the ends of
the Multi-Line.
2. Click on a box and drag to the desired length. Release the
mouse button to place the end point of the Multi-Line.
Moving the Multi-Line:
1. Select the Multi-Line drawing by clicking on it.
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2. Click on the Multi-Line (not on a box) and drag to new
location, release mouse button to place.
To Delete the Multi-Line:
Left click on the Multi-Line Tool to select, and then press the
Delete Key on your keyboard. Or, point mouse cursor over the
Multi-Line and right click. Select Delete on the popup menu.
Example of Multi-Line Tool in Track ‘n Trade Pro
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Charting Tools
Channels
The Technical Formation called a Channel consists of a section of
price bars that are between parallel support and resistance lines.
There are three types of channels the first is the Narrow Sideways
Channel, then the Inclining Channel, and finally the Declining
Channel.
Narrow Sideways Channel
A Narrow Sideways Channel is a formation that features both
resistance and support with a sideways movement. Support forms
the low price bar, while resistance provides the price ceiling.
To trade a Narrow Sideways
Channel:
Place an order to buy on a break
up and out of the channel, or sell
on a break down out of channel.
Narrow Sideways
Channel Tool
To illustrate a Narrow Sideways Channel in a chart use the
Narrow Sideways Channel Tool.
Drawing a Narrow Sideways Channel:
Select the Narrow Sideways Channel Tool from the Charting
Toolbox.
2. Position the mouse pointer where you would like to place the top
left point of the channel and left click, continue to hold down the
mouse dragging it to the right bottom point of channel, release
mouse button to place.
Moving the Narrow Sideways Channel:
Select the channel drawing by clicking on it, drag to the new
location and release the mouse button to place.
1.
Deleting the Narrow Sideways Channel:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the Delete Key on
your keyboard. Or, point mouse cursor over the Channel and
right click. Select Delete on the popup menu.
1.
Resizing the Narrow Sideways Channel:
Select the drawing by clicking on it. Note: The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
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2.
Click on one of the boxes on the corners to drag the select point
and release the mouse button.
Changing Properties of a Narrow Sideways Channel:
To view the properties menu right-click your mouse on the
channel drawing tool. Properties that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the top and bottom lines of the channel.
Background: Changes the inside colors of the channel.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the channel lines.
Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the channel lines. Choose
from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Send to back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to back when you need to access a tool under the
Narrow Sideways Channel drawing.
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Inclining Channel
The Inclining Channel is a formation with parallel price barriers
along both the price ceiling and floor. Unlike the sideways
channel the inclining channel has an increase in both the price
ceiling and price floor. The breaking of the bottom trend line on
this formation shows a change in trend from bullish to bearish.
To trade an
Inclining Channel:
Place an order to sell on the
break down and out of the
channel.
Example of an Inclining Channel in Track ‘n Trade
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Declining Channel
The Declining Channel is the exact opposite of the Inclining
Channel Formation. The Declining Channel has a decrease in
both the price ceiling and price floor. The breaking of the top trend
line on this formation shows a change in trend from bearish to
bullish.
To trade a
Declining Channel:
Place an order to buy on the
break up and out of the
channel.
Example of the Declining Channel in Track ‘n Trade
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Inclining/Declining Channel Tool
You can identify an Inclining/Declining Channel by using the
Inclining/Declining Channel Tool.
Drawing an Inclining/Declining Channel:
Select the Inclining/Declining Channel Tool from the Charting
Toolbox.
2. Position the mouse pointer where you would like to place the top
left point of the channel and left click, continue to hold down the
mouse dragging it to the right bottom point of channel, release
mouse button to place.
1.
Moving the Inclining/Declining Channel:
Select the channel drawing by clicking on it, drag to the new
location and release the mouse button to place.
Deleting the Inclining/Declining Channel:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the Delete key on
your keyboard. Or, point mouse cursor over the Channel and
right click. Select Delete on the popup menu.
Resizing the Inclining/Declining Channel:
Select the drawing by clicking on it. Note: The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes on the corners to drag the select point
and release the mouse button.
1.
Changing Properties of an Inclining/Declining Channel:
To view the properties menu right-click your mouse on the
channel drawing tool. Properties that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the top and bottom lines of the channel.
Background: Changes the inside colors of the channel.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the channel lines.
Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the channel lines. Choose
from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the
channel drawing.
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50% Retracements
Markets move in waves called retracements, these waves have
up and down trends. Notice in the above diagram, that the market
is in an overall “uptrend” (considered a Bull Market), but that
within the uptrend, there are small areas where the market falls
back, or “retraces”; each time establishing a new higher high.
The following chart displays an example with a down trend (when
a market is in an overall down trend it is considered a Bear
Market). In this chart you will see how the market made lower
highs and lower lows while still maintaining the overall down trend.
Notice how far back those retracements went, before they
continued on in their original direction... it is about 50% of the last
move.
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Markets have a tendency to retrace half or 50% of the last move
as well as in overall long-term trends.
N% Tool
You can measure a retracement with the N% Tool. The default on
this charting tool is 50%, but can be changed by simply dragging
the middle bar up or down. See Fibonacci Time Zone and Fan
Tools in the Advanced Charting Tools for more information on
retracements.
1.
2.
1.
2.
Drawing an N% Channel:
Select the N% Tool from the Charting Toolbox.
Position the mouse pointer where you would like to place the top
left point of the channel and left click, continue to hold down the
mouse dragging it to the right bottom point of channel, release
mouse button to place. Note: The default retracement
percentage on the N% tool is 50%.
Moving the % Line:
Select the channel drawing by clicking on it.
You will notice that the middle line has a box in the middle of the
line. This is the handle that you will use to change the position
of the percentage line within the tool drawing. As you change
the position of the percentage line, the percentage value to the
left will change as well.
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Moving the N% Tool:
Left click on the channel and drag the tool, release mouse
button to place drawing.
Deleting the N% Channel:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the Delete Key on
your keyboard. Or, right click on the channel tool and select the
delete option on the popup menu.
Resizing the N% Channel:
Select the drawing by clicking on it. Note: The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes on the corners to drag the select point
and release the mouse button.
1.
Changing Properties of an N% Channel:
To view the properties menu, right-click on the drawing. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the color for top and bottom lines of the
channel.
Background: Changes the inside color of the channel.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the channel lines.
Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the channel lines. Choose
from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Font: Changes font, size, style, and color of text.
Show Text: Select\Deselect to view or hide the text on the
channel.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to back when you need to access a tool under the N%
Channel Drawing.
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Example of the N% Tool in Track ‘n Trade
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1-2-3 Formations
The 1-2-3 Formation anticipates a change in trend. It is available
in both a Top and Bottom.
1-2-3 Top
The 1-2-3 Top Formation anticipates a change in trend, from up to
down, on a break below the number two point. This formation is
easily identified because the number one point is the annual price
high.
To trade a 1-2-3 Top:
Place a SELL order on a break down
past the #2 point. Then, place a stop
loss order just above the #1 point
(Considered to be an industry
standard) or just above the #3 point (A
more conservative stop loss
placement.)
Example of a 1-2-3 Top in Track ‘n Trade Pro
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1-2-3 Bottom
The 1-2-3 Bottom Formation anticipates a change in trend from
down to up on a break above the number two point. A 1-2-3
Bottom Formation is easily identified because the number one
point is the annual price low.
To Trade a 1-2-3
Bottom Formation:
Place a BUY order just above the
#2 point, and then place your stop
loss order just below the #1 point
(Considered an industry standard)
or just below the #3 point
(Considered a more conservative
position.)
Example of a 1-2-3 Bottom in Track ‘n Trade Pro
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1-2-3 Tool
Use the 1-2-3 Tool to chart both a 1-2-3 Top and Bottom
Formation.
Drawing a 1-2-3 Top/Bottom:
Select the 1-2-3 Tool from the Charting Toolbox.
Position the mouse pointer where you would like to place the #1
point and left click to place.
3. Move to the #2 point and left click to place.
4. Move to the #3 point and left click to place.
1.
2.
Moving a 1-2-3 Drawing:
Select the 1-2-3 drawing by clicking on it, drag to the new
location and release the mouse button to place. Note: The tool
is selected when a line appears connecting the 1, 2, and 3.
Deleting a 1-2-3 Drawing:
Select the 1-2-3 drawing by clicking on it and press the Delete
Key on your keyboard. Or, right-click the drawing and select
Delete from the popup menu.
Resizing the 1-2-3 Drawing:
Select the 1-2-3 drawing by clicking on it. The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
Changing Properties of a 1-2-3 Drawing:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu.
Properties that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line and arc color of the 1-2-3.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the 1-2-3 line. Choose
values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the 1-2-3 line, which shows
when the line is selected. Choose from solid, dashed, dotted
and more.
Arc Thickness: Changes the arcs formed at the 1, 2, and 3
points. Choose values from 1-6.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the 1, 2, and
3.
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Show Text: Select to view or hide the 1, 2, and 3.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the 1-23 drawing.
Head & Shoulders Formation
This Formation can appear anywhere in the chart and is made up
of the Head, Left Shoulder, and Right Shoulder. There are two
types: Top and Bottom.
Head & Shoulders - Top
This formation has three definite peaks: the Head, Left Shoulder
and Right Shoulder. The middle peak, the Head (H) is higher than
either shoulder (LS, RS). This formation anticipates a drop in
price below the Neckline (see below).
To trade a Head &
Shoulders – Top:
Place a sell order on the break of the
Neckline. Your stop loss order should
then be placed just above the Head.
The stop loss order can also be
placed above the Right Shoulder as a
more conservative point.
Example of Head & Shoulders Top in Track ‘n Trade
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Head & Shoulders - Bottom
This formation is simply an inverted version of the Head and
Shoulders Top Formation. Therefore, a Head and Shoulders
Bottom anticipates a rise in price above the Neckline.
To trade a Head &
Shoulders – Bottom:
Place a buy order on the break up
of the Neckline. Then place a stop
loss order just below the Head.
The stop loss order can also be
placed below the Right Shoulder as
a more conservative point.
Example of Head & Shoulders: Bottom in TNT
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Charting Tools
Head & Shoulders Tool
To identify either a Head & Shoulders Top or Bottom formation,
use the Head & Shoulder Tool.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Charting a Head & Shoulders (H&S) Formation:
Select the H&S Tool from the Charting Toolbox.
Position the mouse pointer where you would like to place the
Left Shoulder (LS) point and left click to place.
Move to the valley point between the LS and the Head, left click
to place.
Move to the Head point and left click to place.
Move to the valley point between the Head and Right Shoulder
(RS), left click to place.
Move to the RS point and left click to place.
Moving H&S Drawing:
Select the H&S drawing by clicking on it, drag to the new
location and release the mouse button to place. Note: The tool
is selected when a line appears connecting the LS, H, and RS.
Deleting H&S Drawing:
Select the H&S drawing by clicking on it and press the Delete
Key on your keyboard. Or, right-click on the drawing and choose
the Delete option in the popup menu.
Resizing the H&S Drawing:
Select the H&S drawing by clicking on it. The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
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Changing Properties of a H&S Drawing:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line and arc color of the H&S drawing.
Note: The line is only seen when the drawing is selected.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the H&S line. Choose
values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the H&S line, which shows
when the line is selected. Choose from solid, dashed, dotted
and more.
Arc Thickness: Changes the arcs formed at the LS, H, and RS
points. Choose values from 1-6.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the H, LS, and
RS.
Show Text: Select to view or hide the H, LS, and RS.
Send to back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to back when you need to access.
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Triangle and Wedge Formations
The triangle formation comes in many varieties. There are
Rising/Inclining Wedges and Symmetrical/Non-Symmetrical
Triangles.
Inclining Wedge
The Inclining Wedge Formation occurs when the slope of price
bar highs and lows join at a point forming an inclining wedge
formation. The slope of both lines is up with the lower line being
steeper than the higher one.
To Trade the Inclining Wedge:
Place a BUY order on a break up and
out of the wedge or a SELL order on a
break down and out of the wedge.
Inclining Wedges with a prior
downtrend are anticipated to break
down and out rather than up and out.
Example of an Inclining Wedge in Track ‘n Trade
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Declining Wedge
A Declining Wedge Formation occurs when the slope of price bar
highs and lows join at a point forming a Declining wedge. The
slope of both lines is down, the top line being steeper than the
lower one. This formation is opposite the Inclining Wedge.
To Trade the Declining Wedge:
Place an order to buy on a break up and
out of the wedge or an order to sell on a
break down and out of the wedge. Falling
wedges, with a prior up trend, are
anticipated to break up and out, rather
than down and out.
Example of a Declining Wedge in Track ‘n Trade
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Symmetrical Triangle
A Symmetrical Triangle Formation occurs when there is a pause
in the current trend, after which the previous trend is resumed.
Also notice that the price bars for a perfectly symmetrical triangle
shape.
To Trade a Symmetrical Triangle:
Place a BUY order on a break up and
out of the triangle or a SELL order on
break down and out of the triangle.
Example of a Symmetrical Triangle in Track ‘n Trade
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Non-Symmetrical Triangle
A Non-Symmetrical Formation occurs in exactly the same
situation as a symmetrical triangle, only the pattern lacks
symmetry. This formation resumes the previous trend as well
when a break out occurs.
To Trade a Non-Symmetrical
Triangle:
Place a BUY order on a break up and
out of the triangle or an order to SELL
on a break down and out of the triangle.
Example of a Non-Symmetrical Triangle in TNT
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Charting Tools
Wedge and Triangle Tool
To identify any type of Wedge or Triangle, use the Wedge Tool.
Drawing a Wedge/Triangle Formation:
Select the Wedge Tool from the Toolbox.
Left click your mouse at the top of the triangle.
Drag the mouse pointer to the bottom of the triangle and left
click to place.
4. Next drag the mouse pointer to form a triangle and left click the
mouse to place the final point.
1.
2.
3.
Resizing the Wedge/Triangle Formation:
Select the drawing by clicking on it. Note: The formation is
selected when boxes appear on the corners of the drawing.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
Moving the Wedge/Triangle Formation:
Select the drawing by clicking on it, drag to the new location and
release the mouse button.
Deleting the Wedge/Triangle Formation:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the delete key on
your keyboard. Or, right-click on the formation and choose the
Delete Option in the popup menu.
Changing the Properties of the Triangle Formation:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu.
Properties that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the Triangle drawing.
Background: Changes the inside color of the Triangle drawing.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the Triangle line.
Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the Triangle line. Choose
from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the
Triangle drawing.
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Charting Tools
Trend Fan
Trend fans are an extension of the regular trend line, and accent
simple trend line trading concepts by extending the single trend
line to a multiple of fan lines that give you a better look at a trend,
its retracements and market reversals.
Take a look at this diagram. As a trend moves up in scale, a
chartist will generally draw a vertical line across price bar lows; or
alternatively, when a market is moving down, across the price bar
highs.
Then, as the market continues to make its retracement, we can
then draw another trend line across the next level of support or
resistance. The line is support if the market is moving up and
resistance if it is moving down.
You will notice how the last move of the trend, which was
resistance for the first trend line, is now support for the second
trend line. Now draw the third trend line. At this point, you can see
that the market has made a solid retracement down past this third
fan line.
When the market crosses the third fan line, it is considered to be
confirmation of market retracement; a market that was once
considered bullish...is now bearish, or if bearish, would now be
considered bullish.
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Rule of Thumb:
When the markets price bars cross above or below the third trend
fan line, this is your signal and confirmation that the market has
shifted from bullish to bearish, or bearish to bullish.
To Trade a Trend Fan:
Place an order to enter the market on the break out past the third
trend fan line. See the example charts:
Example of a Trend Fan using Track ‘n Trade Pro
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Example 2 of a Trend Fan using Track ‘n Trade Pro
Example 3 of a Trend Fan using Track ‘n Trade Pro
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Trend Fan Tool
To identify a Trend Fan within a chart use the Trend Fan Tool.
To draw a Trend Fan:
Select the Trend Fan Tool.
Left click where you want the Fan to start.
Move the mouse pointer to where the first line is to end and left
click to place.
4. Repeat Step 3 until you get to the last line.
5. To place the last trend, move the mouse pointer to the ending
point and right click to place.
1.
2.
3.
Resizing the Trend Fan:
Select the Trend Fan by clicking on it. Note: The formation is
selected when boxes appear on the corners of the drawing.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the selected point and release
the mouse button to place.
1.
Moving the Trend Fan:
Select the Trend Fan by clicking on it. Then, drag to the new
location and release the mouse button.
Deleting the Trend Fan:
Select the drawing by clicking on it then, press the delete key on
your keyboard to remove the Trend Fan. Or, right-click on the
fan and choose the Delete option from the popup menu.
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TRACK ‘N TRADE PRO
VERSION 4.0
Accumulating Wealth One Tic at a Time! ®
ADVANCED CHARTING TOOLS
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ADVANCED CHARTING TOOLS
Applying Technical Formations and Theories
Introduction
Track ‘n Trade Pro has incorporated concepts and theories from
leading Technical and Fundamental Educators in the Futures
Industry allowing you as a trader to apply their studies easily to
your trading. In this section you will both learn basics about their
theory and learn how to apply it in Track ‘n Trade Pro using the
Advanced Charting Tools provided you. For more detailed
information on the different theories and concepts see the
educational products also offered by Gecko Software, Inc.
(www.trackntrade.com)
Elliot Wave Theory
This theory was developed by Ralph Nelson Elliot and bares his
name. Elliott wave theory is an idea that market behavior is based
on waves rather than random timing. Elliott believed that market
prices rose and fell in a series of waves based on the same
Golden ratio or Golden mean that Fibonacci proved. This ratio is
present in many aspects of nature and science, and Elliott felt that
it had great significance on the financial markets as well.
Interpretation
The basic idea of this theory is that a market rises in a series of 5
“waves” (as he called them) and that a market declines in a series
of 3 declines. Elliott’s theory is that on the first wave a market
rises, on wave two it declines, begins again to rise on wave three,
has a period of decline again on wave four, and finally completes
the rise on wave five. Then thee period of correction is referred to
as a three-wave correction, where the market declines for wave A,
begins to rise for wave B, and falls again for wave C.
Elliot went on further to explain that a complete market cycle
consisted of a 144 wave cycle, broken down into an 89 wave bull
cycle, and a 55 wave bear cycle. This is based on his observation
of Fibonacci’s golden ratio. The series of numbers Fibonacci
describes, (1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, and 144) shows a
relationship of 1:.618. Elliot further showed that a market usually
rises or falls based on this wave cycle. Each wave in the cycle has
its own characteristics.
Five Wave Advance:
Wave one: Normally very short and easy to miss.
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Wave two: A retracement wave, usually gives back all or most
of what the first one gained.
Wave three: Usually very prominent, as it follows a period of
what appears as consolidation, most people trade this wave.
Wave four: Noted to be very intricate yet still a consolidation.
One of Elliot’s main rules is that in a 5-wave advance cycle,
wave 4 can’t overlap wave 1.
Wave five: Often very active, yet at some point declines and
leads to the 3 wave corrective cycle.
Three Wave Decline:
Wave A: Normally seen as a minor pullback, of wave 5 of the
advance cycle.
Wave B: Follows Wave A of the downtrend, and is often hard to
spot but should result in a third wave continuing down.
Wave C: Usually quiet significant and many traders see this
selling opportunity.
Trading an Elliot Wave:
See Wave three in the “Five Wave Advance” and the Wave C in
the “Three Wave Decline”.
Example of an Elliot Wave in Track ‘n Trade
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Elliot Wave Tool
To identify an Elliot Wave on a chart use the Elliot Wave tool
located in the Advanced Charting Tools Section.
1.
2.
3.
Charting an Elliot Wave:
Select the Elliot Wave Tool from the Toolbox.
Left click your mouse on the #1 point to place.
Continue throughout the wave by clicking on each point 1-5 and
A,B,C to place. When you get to the last point C the drawing is
complete.
Resizing the Elliot Wave Drawing:
Select the drawing by clicking on it. Note: The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
Moving the Elliot Wave Drawing:
Select the drawing by clicking on it continue holding down the
mouse button, drag to the new location and release the mouse
button.
Deleting the Elliot Wave Drawing:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the delete key on
your keyboard to remove. Or, right-click the drawing and select
Options from the popup menu.
Changing the Properties of an Elliot Wave Drawing:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu.
Properties that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the Elliot Wave.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the Elliot Wave Line.
Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the Elliot Wave Line.
Choose from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Arc Thickness: Changes the arcs formed at the 1-5 and ABC
points. Choose values from 1-6.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the 1-5 and
ABC points.
Show Text: Select to view or hide the 1-5 and ABC points.
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Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the Elliot
Wave Drawing.
Dart (Blip) Formations
The Dart (Blip) Formation occurs when there is a dramatic price
change which is followed by an equally dramatic price change.
There are two types of Darts: Up and Down.
Dart Up (Blip) Formations
This formation is where a sudden dramatic price increase occurs
followed by an equally dramatic drop in price. A dart formation can
appear anywhere in a chart.
To Trade a Dart Up:
Place a sell order on the break down of
the Right Feather (RF) along with a stop
loss order just above the Tip.
Trading on a Dart Formation is very
risky.
Dart Down (Blip) Formation
This formation is where a sudden dramatic price decrease occurs
followed by an equally dramatic increase in price. This formation
can appear anywhere in a chart.
To Trade a Dart Down:
Place a buy order on the break up of
the Right Feather, and then place your
stop loss order right below the tip.
Trading on a Dart Formation is very
risky.
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Dart/Blip Tool
To chart a Dart (Blip) Up or Down formation use the Dart/Blip
Advanced Charting Tool.
To Draw a Dart Formation:
Select the Dart Tool from the Advanced Charting Tool Menu bar.
Left Click your mouse on the Left Feather (LF)
Continue to hold down the mouse button while moving to the tip
of the dart.
4. Release the mouse button then move the mouse to the Right
Feather and release the mouse button.
1.
2.
3.
To Lengthen or shorten the Formation:
Select the dart by clicking on it. (The formation is selected when
boxes appear on the corners of the drawing.)
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
To Move the Entire Dart:
Select the dart by clicking on it and drag to the new location and
release the mouse button.
To Delete the Dart:
Select the dart by clicking on it and press the delete key on your
keyboard. Or, right-click on the drawing and select Delete from
the popup menu.
Changing the Properties of a Dart/Blip Drawing:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu.
Properties that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the Elliot Wave.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the Elliot Wave Line.
Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the Elliot Wave Line.
Choose from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the Elliot
Wave Drawing.
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Example of a Dart Up and Down in Track ‘n Trade Pro
Gann Fan Theory
W. D. Gann designed several unique techniques for studying price
charts. One of these techniques included the use of geometric
angles in conjunction with time and price. Gann believed that
specific geometric patterns and angles had unique characteristics
that could be used to predict price action.
Gann’s techniques require that charts be drawn with equal time
and price intervals, so that a rise/run of one price unit for each
time unit (called a 1 x 1 trend or angle) will equal a 45 degree
angle anywhere on the chart. Gann believed that the ideal
balance between time and price exists when prices rise or fall at a
45 degree angle relative to the time axis.
Interpretation
The Gann Fan is made up of nine angles based on this concept.
These trend lines are used to indicator support and resistance
levels. When one line is broken (by the entire days price range)
prices should move to the next line. The drawing of these lines
should start from either a market top or bottom.
It is important to note that this theory is based on a squared 45
degree angle on the chart. Obviously, a 45 degree angle drawn on
a chart is no longer 45 degrees when the scale is changed without
a change to also the opposite scale. To “square” the Gann Fan to
the current chart’s scaled settings, hold down the CTRL key on
your keyboard while clicking on and rescaling with the mouse
pointer. Some Gann experts have reported that to get a truly
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“squared” chart, one must set the scaling to 8 price bars per inch
(width) and 4 price bars per inch (height).
A Gann Fan is used to define a market direction or a new trend.
For example, a bull market exists if prices are maintaining
strength between the1x2 lower line and 1x2 higher line. A bear
market would be the exact opposite of the previous scenario.
During an uptrend, the breaking of one line would suggest a
further price drop to the next lower line. Correspondingly, if prices
break above one line, they would be expected to rally to the next
higher one.
Example of the Gann Fan in Track ‘n Trade
Gann Fan Tool
You can apply this theory to your charts by using the Gann Fan
Tool on the Advanced Charting Toolbar.
1.
2.
To draw a Gann Fan:
Select the Gann Fan Tool.
Left click where you want the Fan to start, continue holding
down the mouse button until reaching the final position of the
fan, release button to place.
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Resizing the Gann Fan:
Select the Fan by clicking on it. Note: The formation is selected
when boxes appear on the corners of the drawing.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the selected point and release
the mouse button to place.
1.
Moving the Gann Fan:
Select the Fan by clicking on it. Then, drag to the new location
and release the mouse button.
Deleting the Gann Fan:
Select the drawing by clicking on it then, press the delete key on
your keyboard. Or, right-click on the fan and select Delete from
the popup menu.
Changing Properties of a Gann Fan:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color for the fan.
Background: Changes the color of the background for the fan.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness fan line. Choose values
from 1-6.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the fan values
Show Text: Select to view or hide the fan values.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the
Gann Fan.
Example of a Gann Fan in Track ‘n Trade
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Andrews Pitchfork Theory
Dr. Alan Andrews developed a channel technique to show areas
of support and resistance from a baseline. This use of a median
line is the key to using the Andrews Pitchfork. Buying near lows
and selling near highs that are identified by the “tines” of the
pitchfork. The basic premise is to trade the channel from one level
of support or resistance to the next.
Interpretation
The first element to draw the Andrews Pitchfork is the centerline.
The middle tine or median line begins at the most recent contract
low or high. To plot the direction of this point we must attain the
other two points. The top tine is determined by looking at the
highest move made from the origin of the contract low or high.
The next point is found by looking at the retracement of that move.
For example, a contract begins at point A rallies to point B, and
sells off from B to point C. A line is drawn from point B and C, and
then the line originating at point A splits those two lines equally.
This pitchfork shows continuing points of support and resistance.
The general use of this tool is to sell when the market rises to
line B, and take profits once prices reach line A the middle tine.
Also to buy when prices dip to line C and take profits when they
reach line A. This series of movements within the pitchfork affords
traders the opportunity to trade a channel system within a trending
market.
Andrews Pitchfork Tool
1.
2.
Charting Andrews Pitchfork:
Select the Andrews Pitchfork Tool from the Toolbox.
The first three clicks setup the pitchfork. The first point is the
handle of the pitchfork and is places at the end of the previous
trend.(A)
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3.
4.
5.
Next you are forming the base of the fork. The first point is the
top of the next trend. (B)
The second point completes the base and is placed at the
bottom of the trend. (C)
Once you have completed the first three steps you can elongate
the pitchfork to length desired. Left click to place final point.
Resizing the Andrews Pitchfork Drawing:
Select the drawing by clicking on it. Note: The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
Moving the Andrews Pitchfork Drawing:
Select the drawing by clicking on it continue holding down the
mouse button, drag to the new location and release the mouse
button.
Deleting the Andrews Pitchfork Drawing:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the delete key on
your keyboard to remove. Or, right-click on the drawing and
select Delete from the popup menu.
Changing the Properties of the Andrews Pitchfork Drawing:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the Andrews Pitchfork.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the Andrews
Pitchfork. Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the Andrews Pitchfork
Line. Choose from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
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Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the
Andrews Pitchfork.
Example of Andrews Pitchfork in Track ‘n Trade
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Fibonacci Retracements
Fibonacci Retracement levels correspond with percentage
retracements that occur in the ebb and flow of a market trend.
According to the Elliot Wave Theory, market trends tend to occur
in five distinct waves. See the Elliot Wave for more information.
Elliot asserted that these counter-trend waves will usually retrace
against the trending waves by 38.2, 50 and 61.8 percent. These
Retracement Percentages correspond to natural ratios discovered
by the Greeks called the Golden Ratio and rediscovered by
Fibonacci; a medieval, Italian Mathematician.
Interpretation
Commodity prices will frequently consist of an initial wave, a
second wave (often retracing 61.8% of the initial move), the third
wave (usually the largest), then another retracement, and finally the
5th wave (the last gap), which would exhaust the movement.
In Track 'n Trade Pro, you have three tools that you can use to
apply these concepts: the Fibonacci Retracement, Fibonacci Time
Zone and the Fibonacci Arc.
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Fibonacci Retracement Tool
The Fibonacci Retracement Tool is used to measure the different
retracement levels within a market.
1.
2.
3.
Drawing a Fibonacci Retracement:
Select the Fibonacci Retracement Tool from the Toolbox.
Left click on the chart where you would like the ruler to begin.
Move the mouse pointer to the lower right position of the ruler
and left click to place.
Resizing the Fibonacci Retracement:
Select the ruler by clicking on it. You can tell the ruler is
selected when boxes appear on the corners of the drawing.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
Moving the Fibonacci Retracement:
Select the ruler by clicking on it, then drag to the new location
and release the mouse button.
Deleting the Fibonacci Retracement:
Select the ruler by clicking on it and press the delete key on your
keyboard. Or, right click on the ruler and select Delete in the
popup menu.
Right-click Menu
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Changing Properties for the Fibonacci Retracement:
Right-click on the ruler to view the properties menu. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the ruler.
Background: Changes the background color of the ruler.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the ruler lines.
Choose values from 1-6.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the values.
Show Text: Deselect/Select to view or hide the values.
Show Retracements: Select/Deselect to view the additional
retracement percentages.
Show Prediction: Select/Deselect to view the additional
prediction percentages.
Show Time Zones: Select\Deselect to overlay the Time Zones
on the ruler.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the
Fibonacci Retracement.
Delete: Select to delete the tool.
Example of a Fibonacci Retracement in Track ‘n Trade:
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Fibonacci Arc Tool
The Fibonacci Arc Tool is used to measure the different
retracement levels within a market.
Drawing a Fibonacci Arc:
Select the Fibonacci Arc Tool from the Toolbox.
Move the mouse pointer to the point on the chart that you would
like to start the stem of the arc tool, left click start.
3. Move the mouse pointer to the ending point for the arc tool and
left click to place. (While moving to the end point, the arc will
extend for you to get an idea of placement on the ticks.)
1.
2.
Resizing the Fibonacci Arc:
Select the arc by clicking on it. You can tell the arc is selected
when boxes appear on the corners of the drawing.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button to place.
1.
Moving the Fibonacci Arc:
Select the arc by clicking on it, then drag to the new location and
release the mouse button.
Deleting the Fibonacci Arc:
Select the arc by clicking on it and press the delete key on your
keyboard. Or, right-click the arc and select Delete on the popup
menu.
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Changing Properties for the Fibonacci Arc:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the arc.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the arc lines. Choose
values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the arc, which shows when
the line is selected. Choose from solid, dashed, dotted and
more.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the values.
Show Text: Deselect\Select to view or hide the values.
Show Retracements: Select/Deselect to view the additional
retracement percentages.
Show Prediction: Select/Deselect to view the additional
prediction percentages.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the
Fibonacci Arc.
Delete: Select to delete the tool.
Example of a Fibonacci Arc in Track ‘n Trade:
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Fibonacci Time Zones
The Fibonacci Time Zone uses Fibonacci numbers rather than the
percentages used in the Ruler and Arc tools.
Charting a Fibonacci Time Zone:
Select the Fibonacci Time Zone Tool from the Toolbox.
This tool is drawn like a rectangle. Left click for the upper left
point.
3. Move the mouse to the bottom right position and left click to
finish the drawing.
1.
2.
Resizing the Fibonacci Time Zone:
Select the drawing by clicking on it. Note: The drawing is
selected when boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
Moving the Fibonacci Time Zone:
Select the drawing by clicking on it continue holding down the
mouse button, drag to the new location and release the mouse
button.
Deleting the Fibonacci Time Zone:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the delete key on
your keyboard to remove. Or, right-click on the tool and select
Delete from the popup menu.
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Changing the Properties of a Fibonacci Time Zone:
Right-click on the drawing to view the properties menu. Properties
that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the Fibonacci Time Zone.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the Fibonacci Time
Zone Line. Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the Fibonacci Time Zone
Line. Choose from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the Fibonacci
Time Zone numbers.
Show Text: Select to view or hide the numbers.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the
Fibonacci Time Zone drawing.
Delete: Select to delete tool.
Example of a Fibonacci Time Zone in Track ‘n Trade:
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Calculating Trading/Actual Days
In the futures industry trading days are scheduled around holiday
and weekends, therefore when looking at a futures chart often
times it is difficult to determine how many actual days have
passed while working a trade.
The number of trading days is also significant for traders using the
number of trading days as a rule in conjunction with a formation.
For example with the 1-2-3 Top or Bottom Formation, many
traders use the 10-20-50 rule. This rule defines a 1-2-3 if there
are 10 trading days between the #1 and #2 and 10 days between
the #2 and #3 points.
To calculate the Actual or Trading days on a chart use the Day
Offset Tool.
Days “Up” and “Down”
Another statistic used along side formations and other theories is
the day up and down calculation. This calculation determines how
many days, in a defined set of price bars, were “up” or “down”.
A day is considered an “Up Day” if the close is higher than any
previous close in the set of price bars selected. Conversely a day
is considered a “Down Day” if the close is lower than any previous
trading day in the defined set of price bars.
This statistic is available in Track n Trade Pro when using the Day
Offset Tool.
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Day Offset Tool
The Day Offset Tool enables you to measure the number of
trading days vs. actual days that expired between two points on
the chart. Also calculated on this tool is the number of days that
the market closed up or down in comparison with the previous
day.
1.
2.
3.
Charting a Day Offset:
Select the Day Offset Tool from the Toolbox.
This tool is drawn like a line. Left click for the left point.
Move the mouse to the right position and left click to finish.
Resizing the Day Offset:
Select by clicking on it. Note: The drawing is selected when
boxes appear on the corners.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
1.
Moving the Day Offset:
Select the drawing by clicking on it continue holding down the
mouse button, drag to the new location and release the mouse
button.
Deleting the Day Offset:
Select the drawing by clicking on it and press the delete key on
your keyboard to remove. Or, right-click on the tool and select
Delete from the popup menu.
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Changing the Properties of a Day Offset:
Right-click on the Day Offset drawing to view the properties menu.
Properties that can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the Day Calculator.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the Day Calculator
Line. Choose values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the Day Offset lines.
Choose from solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Font: Changes the Font, Size, Style, and Color of the Day
Calculator numbers.
Show Text: Select to view or hide the Day Calculator numbers.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the Day
Calculator drawing.
Delete: Select to delete tool.
Example of the Day Offset Tool in Track ‘n Trade
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Rounded Top & Bottom Formations
The Rounded Top & Bottom Formation is a very gradual change
in trend. This formation includes: Rounded Top & Bottom, Double
Top & Bottom, & Triple Top & Bottom.
Rounded Top
The Rounded Top Formation consists of a gradual change in
trend from up to down.
Rounded Bottom
The Rounded Bottom Formation consists of a gradual change in
trend from down to up. This formation is the exact opposite of a
Rounded Top Formation.
Double Top
This formation includes two distinct “tops” and anticipates a
change in trend from up to down.
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Double Bottom
This formation includes two distinct “bottoms” and anticipates a
change in trend from down to up. This formation is the exact
opposite of a Double Top.
Triple Top
This formation includes three distinct “Tops” and anticipates a
change in trend from up to down.
Triple Bottom
This formation includes three distinct “Bottoms” and anticipates a
change in trend from down to up. This formation is the exact
opposite of a Triple Top.
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Arc Tool
To illustrate a Rounded Top/Bottom Formation on your futures
chart, use the Arc Tool in the Advanced Charting Toolbar.
1.
2.
Drawing a Rounded Top Formation:
Select the Arc Tool from the Toolbox.
Left click your mouse on the left side of the arc and drag the
mouse to the right side, release mouse to place tool.
Resizing the Arc Drawing:
Select the arc by clicking on it. Note: The tool is selected when
boxes appear on the corners of the drawing.
2. Click on one of the boxes to drag the select point and release
the mouse button.
Moving the Arc Drawing:
Select the arc by clicking on it and drag to the new location and
release the mouse button.
1.
Deleting the Arc Drawing:
Select the arc by clicking on it and press the Delete key on your
keyboard. Or, right-click on the drawing and select the Delete
option on the popup menu.
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Changing the Properties of an Arc Drawing:
Right-click on the tool to view the properties menu. Properties that
can be changed are:
Foreground: Changes the line color of the arc.
Line Thickness: Changes the thickness of the arc line. Choose
values from 1-6.
Line Style: Changes the line style of the arc line. Choose from
solid, dashed, dotted and more.
Send to Back: Changes the layer of the tool. This option is used
when more than one tool is in the same area of the chart. Click
on Send to Back when you need to access a tool under the Arc
Tool Drawing.
Delete: Select to delete the tool.
Example of the Arc Tool in Track ‘n Trade:
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