Bryant ASPAS1BBA007 Repair manual
AUTOMATIC HOME STANDBY GENERATORS
DIAGNOSTIC
REPAIR
MANUAL
AIR-COOLED
MODELS:
ASPAS1BBA007
(6 kW NG, 7 kW LP)
ASPAS1BBA012
(12 kW NG, 12 kW LP)
ASPAS1BBA015
(13 kW NG, 15 kW LP)
www.bryant.com
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERATOR
Rated Max. Continuous Power Capacity (Watts*)
Rated Voltage
Rated Max. Continuous Load Current (Amps)
120 Volts**
240 Volts
Main Line Circuit Breaker
Phase
Number of Rotor Poles
Rated AC Frequency
Power Factor
Battery Requirement
Weight
Output Sound Level @ 23 ft (7m) at full load
Normal Operating Range
Model ASPAS1BBA007
6,000 NG/7,000 LP
120/240
Model ASPAS1BBA012
12,000 NG/12,000 LP
120/240
Model ASPAS1BBA015
13,000 NG/15,000 LP
120/240
50.0 NG/58.3 LP
25.0 NG/29.2 LP
30 Amp
1
2
60 Hz
1
Group 26/26R
12 Volts and
350 Cold-cranking
Amperes Minimum
375 Pounds
68 db (A)
100.0 NG/100.0 LP
50.0 NG/50.0 LP
50 Amp
1
2
60 Hz
1
Group 26/26R
12 Volts and
525 Cold-cranking
Amperes Minimum
470 Pounds
70.5db (A)
-20°F (-28.8°C) to 104°F (40°C)
108.3 NG/125.0 LP
54.2 NG/62.5 LP
70 Amp
1
2
60 Hz
1
Group 26/26R
12 Volts and
525 Cold-cranking
Amperes Minimum
487 Pounds
71.5 db (A)
* Maximum wattage and current are subject to and limited by such factors as fuel Btu content, ambient temperature, altitude, engine power and condition, etc. Maximum power
decreases about 3.5 percent for each 1,000 feet above sea level; and also will decrease about 1 percent for each 6° C (10° F) above 16° C (60° F) ambient temperature.
** Load current values shown for 120 volts are maximum TOTAL values for two separate circuits. The maximum current in each circuit must not exceed the value stated for 240 volts.
ENGINE
Type of Engine
Number of Cylinders
Rated Horsepower
Displacement
Cylinder Block
Valve Arrangement
Ignition System
Recommended Spark Plug
Spark Plug Gap
Compression Ratio
Starter
Oil Capacity Including Filter
Recommended Oil Filter
Recommended Air Filter
Operating RPM
Model ASPAS1BBA007
GH-410
1
14.5 @ 3,600 rpm
410cc
Aluminum w/Cast
Iron Sleeve
Overhead Valves
Solid-state w/Magneto
RC12YC
0.76 mm (0.030 inch)
8.6:1
12 Vdc
Approx. 1.5 Qts
Part # 070185
Part # 0C8127
3,600
Model ASPAS1BBA012
GT-990
2
26 @ 3,600 rpm
992cc
Aluminum w/Cast
Iron Sleeve
Overhead Valves
Solid-state w/Magneto
RC12YC
0.5 mm (0.020 inch)
9.5:1
12 Vdc
Approx. 1.7 Qts
Part # 070185
Part # 0C8127
3,600
Model ASPAS1BBA015
GT-990
2
30 @ 3,600 rpm
992cc
Aluminum w/Cast
Iron Sleeve
Overhead Valves
Solid-state w/Magneto
RC12YC
0.5 mm (0.020 inch)
9.5:1
12Vdc
Approx. 1.7 Qts
Part # 070185
Part # 0C8127
3,600
FUEL CONSUMPTION
Model #
Natural Gas*
1/2 Load
66
152
156
ASAPAS1BBA007
ASAPAS1BBA012
ASAPAS1BBA015
LP Vapor**
Full Load
119
215
220
1/2 Load
0.82/30
1.53/56
1.58/58
Full Load
1.47/54
2.08/76
2.40/88
* Natural gas is in cubic feet per hour. **LP is in gallons per hour/cubic feet per hour.
STATOR WINDING RESISTANCE VALUES / ROTOR RESISTANCE
Power Winding: Across 11 & 22
Power Winding: Across 33 & 44
Excitation Winding: Across 2 & 6
Engine Run Winding: Across 55 & 66A
Battery Charge Winding: Across 66 & 77
Rotor Resistance
Model ASPAS1BBA007
0.223-0.259 ohms
0.223-0.259 ohms
1.53-1.77 ohms
0.100-0.169 ohms
0.146-0.169 ohms
11.88-13.76 ohms
Model ASPAS1BBA012
0.115 ohms
0.115 ohms
0.745 ohms
0.109 ohms
0.164 ohms
15.9 ohms
Model ASPAS1BBA015
0.08/0.08 ohms
0.08/0.08 ohms
0.705 ohms
0.087 ohms
0.130 ohms
19.8 ohms
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART
TITLE
Specifications
DIAGNOSTIC
REPAIR MANUAL
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby
Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
1
General Information
2
AC Generators
3
V-Type Prepackaged Transfer Switches
4
DC Control
5
Operational Tests and Adjustments
6
Disassembly
7
Electrical Data
SPECIFICATIONS
MOUNTING DIMENSIONS
Page 4
SPECIFICATIONS
MOUNTING DIMENSIONS
Page 5
SPECIFICATIONS
MAJOR FEATURES
7 kW, Single Cylinder GH-410 Engine
12 kW and 15 kW, V-twin GT-990 Engine
Page 6
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART
PART 1
GENERAL
INFORMATION
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
TITLE
1.1
Generator Identification
1.2
Prepackaged Installation Basics
1.3
Preparation Before Use
1.4
Testing, Cleaning and Drying
1.5
Engine-Generator Protective Devices
1.6
Operating Instructions
1.7
Automatic Operating Parameters
SECTION 1.1
PART 1
GENERATOR IDENTIFICATION
INTRODUCTION
This Diagnostic Repair Manual has been prepared
especially for the purpose of familiarizing service
personnel with the testing, troubleshooting and repair
of air-cooled, prepackaged automatic standby
generators. Every effort has been expended to
ensure that information and instructions in the manual
are both accurate and current. However, Generac
reserves the right to change, alter or otherwise
improve the product at any time without prior
notification.
The manual has been divided into ten PARTS. Each
PART has been divided into SECTIONS. Each
SECTION consists of two or more SUBSECTIONS.
It is not our intent to provide detailed disassembly and
reassembly instructions in this manual. It is our intent
to (a) provide the service technician with an
understanding of how the various assemblies and
systems work, (b) assist the technician in finding the
cause of malfunctions, and (c) effect the expeditious
repair of the equipment.
MODEL NUMBER:
Many home standby generators are manufactured to
the unique specifications of the buyer. The Model
Number identifies the specific generator set and its
unique design specifications.
SERIAL NUMBER:
Used for warranty tracking purposes.
Figure 1. A Typical Data Plate
Page 8
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
PART 1
INTRODUCTION
Information in this section is provided so that the
service technician will have a basic knowledge of
installation requirements for prepackaged home
standby systems. Problems that arise are often
related to poor or unauthorized installation practices.
A typical prepackaged home standby electric system
is shown in Figure 1 (next page). Installation of such a
system includes the following:
• Selecting a Location
• Grounding the generator.
• Providing a fuel supply.
• Mounting the load center.
• Connecting power source and load lines.
• Connecting system control wiring.
• Post installation tests and adjustments.
SELECTING A LOCATION
Install the generator set as close as possible to the
electrical load distribution panel(s) that will be
powered by the unit, ensuring that there is proper
ventilation for cooling air and exhaust gases. This will
reduce wiring and conduit lengths. Wiring and conduit
not only add to the cost of the installation, but
excessively long wiring runs can result in a voltage
drop.
GROUNDING THE GENERATOR
The National Electric Code requires that the frame
and external electrically conductive parts of the
generator be property connected to an approved
earth ground. Local electrical codes may also require
proper grounding of the unit. For that purpose, a
grounding lug is attached to the unit. Grounding may
be accomplished by attaching a stranded copper wire
of the proper size to the generator grounding lug and
to an earth-driven copper or brass grounding-rod
(electrode). Consult with a local electrician for
grounding requirements in your area.
THE FUEL SUPPLY
Prepackaged units with air-cooled engine were
operated, tested and adjusted at the factory using
natural gas as a fuel. These air-cooled engine units
can be converted to use LP (propane) gas by making
a few adjustments for best operation and power.
LP (propane) gas is usually supplied as a liquid in
pressure tanks. Both the air-cooled and the liquid
cooled units require a "vapor withdrawal" type of fuel
supply system when LP (propane) gas is used. The
vapor withdrawal system utilizes the gaseous fuel
vapors that form at the top of the supply tank.
SECTION 1.2
PREPACKAGED INSTALLATION BASICS
The pressure at which LP gas is delivered to the
generator fuel solenoid valve may vary considerably,
depending on ambient temperatures. In cold weather,
supply pressures may drop to "zero". In warm
weather, extremely high gas pressures may be
encountered. A primary regulator is required to
maintain correct gas supply pressures.
Recommended gaseous fuel pressure at the inlet side
of the generator fuel solenoid valve is as follows:
LP
NG
Minimum water column
11 inches
5 inches
Maximum water column
14 inches
7 inches
A primary regulator is required to ensure that proper
fuel supply pressures are maintained.
DANGER: LP AND NATURAL GAS ARE BOTH
HIGHLY EXPLOSIVE. GASEOUS FUEL LINES
MUST BE PROPERLY PURGED AND TESTED
FOR LEAKS BEFORE THIS EQUIPMENT IS
PLACED INTO SERVICE AND PERIODICALLY
THEREAFTER. PROCEDURES USED IN
GASEOUS FUEL LEAKAGE TESTS MUST
COMPLY STRICTLY WITH APPLICABLE FUEL
GAS CODES. DO NOT USE FLAME OR ANY
SOURCE OF HEAT TO TEST FOR GAS
LEAKS. NO GAS LEAKAGE IS PERMITTED.
LP GAS IS HEAVIER THAN AIR AND TENDS
TO SETTLE IN LOW AREAS. NATURAL GAS
IS LIGHTER THAN AIR AND TENDS TO
SETTLE IN HIGH PLACES. EVEN THE
SLIGHTEST SPARK CAN IGNITE THESE
FUELS AND CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
Use of a flexible length of hose between the
generator fuel line connection and rigid fuel lines is
required. This will help prevent line breakage that
might be caused by vibration or if the generator shifts
or settles. The flexible fuel line must be approved for
use with gaseous fuels.
Flexible fuel line should be kept as straight as
possible between connections. The bend radius for
flexible fuel line is nine (9) inches. Exceeding the
bend radius can cause the fittings to crack.
THE TRANSFER SWITCH / LOAD CENTER
A transfer switch is required by electrical code, to
prevent electrical feedback between the utility and
standby power sources, and to transfer electrical
loads from one power supply to another safely.
PREPACKAGED TRANSFER SWITCHES:
Instructions and information on prepackaged transfer
switches may be found in Part 3 of this manual.
Page 9
SECTION 1.2
PREPACKAGED INSTALLATION BASICS
PART 1
Figure 1. Typical Prepackaged Installation
Page 10
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION
SECTION 1.2
PART 1
PREPACKAGED INSTALLATION BASICS
POWER SOURCE AND LOAD LINES
SYSTEM CONTROL INTERCONNECTIONS
The utility power supply lines, the standby (generator)
supply lines, and electrical load lines must all be
connected to the proper terminal lugs in the transfer
switch. The following rules apply:In 1-phase systems
with a 2-pole transfer switch, connect the two utility
source hot lines to Transfer Switch Terminal Lugs N1
and N2. Connect the standby source hot lines (E1,
E2) to Transfer Switch Terminal Lugs E1 and E2.
Connect the load lines from Transfer Switch Terminal
Lugs T1 and T2 to the electrical load circuit. Connect
UTILITY, STANDBY and LOAD neutral lines to the
neutral block in the transfer switch.
Prepackaged home standby generators are equipped
with a terminal board identified with the following
terminals: (a) utility 1, (b) utility 2, (c) 23, and (d) 194.
Prepackaged load centers house an identically
marked terminal board. When these four terminals
are properly interconnected, dropout of utility source
voltage below a preset value will result in automatic
generator startup and transfer of electrical loads to
the "Standby" source. On restoration of utility source
voltage above a preset value will result in retransfer
back to that source and generator shutdown.
Figure 2. Proper Fuel Installation
Page 11
SECTION 1.3
PREPARATION BEFORE USE
PART 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL
ENGINE OIL RECOMMENDATIONS
The installer must ensure that the home standby
generator has been properly installed. The system
must be inspected carefully following installation. All
applicable codes, standards and regulations
pertaining to such installations must be strictly
complied with. In addition, regulations established by
the Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) must be complied with.
Prior to initial startup of the unit, the installer must
ensure that the engine-generator has been properly
prepared for use. This includes the following:
• An adequate supply of the correct fuel must be
available for generator operation.
• The engine must be properly serviced with the
recommended oil.
The primary recommended oil for units with aircooled, single cylinder or V-Twin engines is synthetic
oil. Synthetic oil provides easier starts in cold weather
and maximum engine protection in hot weather. Use
high quality detergent oil that meets or exceeds API
(American Petroleum Institute) Service class SG, SH,
or SJ requirements for gasoline engines. The
following chart lists recommended viscosity ranges for
the lowest anticipated ambient temperatures.
Engine crankcase oil capacities for the engines
covered in this manual can be found in the
specifications section at the beginning of the book.
FUEL REQUIREMENTS
Generators with air-cooled engine have been factory
tested and adjusted using natural gas as a fuel. If LP
(propane) gas is to be used at the installation site,
adjustment of the generator fuel regulator will be
required for best performance. Refer to Test 63,
"Check Fuel Regulator" for fuel regulator adjustment
procedures.
• When natural gas is used as a fuel, it should be
rated at least 1000 BTU's per cubic foot.
• When LP (propane) gas is used as a fuel, it should
be rated at 2520 BTU's per cubic foot.
Page 12
Use SAE 5W-30 Synthetic oil for all seasons.
GENERAL INFORMATION
SECTION 1.4
PART 1
TESTING, CLEANING AND DRYING
VISUAL INSPECTION
When it becomes necessary to test or troubleshoot a
generator, it is a good practice to complete a
thorough visual inspection. Remove the access
covers and look closely for any obvious problems.
Look for the following:
• Burned or broken wires, broken wire connectors,
damaged mounting brackets, etc.
• Loose or frayed wiring insulation, loose or dirty
connections.
• Check that all wiring is well clear of rotating parts.
• Verify that the Generator properly connected for the
correct rated voltage. This is especially important
on new installations. See Section 1.2, "AC
Connection Systems".
• Look for foreign objects, loose nuts, bolts and other
fasteners.
• Clean the area around the Generator. Clear away
paper, leaves, snow, and other objects that might
blow against the generator and obstruct its air
openings.
Figure 1. Digital VOM
METERS
MEASURING AC VOLTAGE
Devices used to measure electrical properties are
called meters. Meters are available that allow one to
measure (a) AC voltage, (b) DC voltage, (c) AC
frequency, and (d) resistance In ohms. The following
apply:
• To measure AC voltage, use an AC voltmeter.
• To measure DC voltage, use a DC voltmeter.
• Use a frequency meter to measure AC frequency In
"Hertz" or "cycles per second".
• Use an ohmmeter to read circuit resistance, in
"ohms".
An accurate AC voltmeter or a VOM may be used to
read the generator AC output voltage. The following
apply:
THE VOM
A meter that will permit both voltage and resistance to
be read is the "volt-ohm-milliammeter" or "VOM".
Some VOM's are of the analog type (not shown).
These meters display the value being measured by
physically deflecting a needle across a graduated
scale. The scale used must be interpreted by the
user.
Digital VOM's (Figure 1) are also available and are
generally very accurate. Digital meters display the
measured values directly by converting the values to
numbers.
NOTE: Standard AC voltmeters react to the
AVERAGE value of alternating current. When
working with AC, the effective value is used. For
that reason a different scale is used on an AC
voltmeter. The scale is marked with the effective
or "rms" value even though the meter actually
reacts to the average value. That is why the AC
voltmeter will give an Incorrect reading if used to
measure direct current (DC).
1. Always read the generator AC output voltage only at the
unit's rated operating speed and AC frequency.
2. The generator voltage regulator can be adjusted for
correct output voltage only while the unit is operating at
its correct rated speed and frequency.
3. Only an AC voltmeter may be used to measure AC
voltage. DO NOT USE A DC VOLTMETER FOR THIS
PURPOSE.
DANGER!: GENERATORS PRODUCE HIGH
AND DANGEROUS VOLTAGES. CONTACT
WITH HIGH VOLTAGE TERMINALS WILL
RESULT IN DANGEROUS AND POSSIBLY
LETHAL ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
MEASURING DC VOLTAGE
A DC voltmeter or a VOM may be used to measure
DC voltages. Always observe the following rules:
1. Always observe correct DC polarity.
a.
b.
Some VOM's may be equipped with a
polarity switch.
On meters that do not have a polarity
switch, DC polarity must be reversed by
reversing the test leads.
Page 13
SECTION 1.4
TESTING, CLEANING AND DRYING
PART 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
2. Before reading a DC voltage, always set the meter to a
higher voltage scale than the anticipated reading. if in
doubt, start at the highest scale and adjust the scale
downward until correct readings are obtained.
3. The design of some meters is based on the "current
flow" theory while others are based on the "electron
flow" theory.
a.
b.
The "current flow" theory assumes that
direct current flows from the positive (+) to
the negative (-).
The "electron flow" theory assumes that
current flows from negative (-) to positive
(+).
NOTE: When testing generators, the "current
flow" theory is applied. That is, current is
assumed to flow from positive (+) to negative (-).
MEASURING AC FREQUENCY
Figure 2. Clamp-On Ammeter
The generator AC output frequency is proportional to
rotor speed. Generators equipped with a 2-pole rotor
must operate at 3600 rpm to supply a frequency of 60
Hertz. Units with 4-pole rotor must run at 1800 rpm to
deliver 60 Hertz.
Correct engine and rotor speed is maintained by an
engine speed governor. For models rated 60 Hertz,
the governor is generally set to maintain a no-load
frequency of about 62 Hertz with a corresponding
output voltage of about 124 volts AC line-to-neutral.
Engine speed and frequency at no-load are set
slightly high to prevent excessive rpm and frequency
droop under heavy electrical loading.
MEASURING CURRENT
To read the current flow, in AMPERES, a clamp-on
ammeter may be used. This type of meter indicates
current flow through a conductor by measuring the
strength of the magnetic field around that conductor.
The meter consists essentially of a current
transformer with a split core and a rectifier type
instrument connected to the secondary. The primary
of the current transformer is the conductor through
which the current to be measured flows. The split
core allows the Instrument to be clamped around the
conductor without disconnecting it.
Current flowing through a conductor may be
measured safely and easily. A line-splitter can be
used to measure current in a cord without separating
the conductors.
Page 14
Figure 3. A Line-Splitter
NOTE: If the physical size of the conductor or
ammeter capacity does not permit all lines to be
measured simultaneously, measure current flow
in each individual line. Then, add the Individual
readings.
MEASURING RESISTANCE
The volt-ohm-milliammeter may be used to measure
the resistance in a circuit. Resistance values can be
very valuable when testing coils or windings, such as
the stator and rotor windings.
When testing stator windings, keep in mind that the
resistance of these windings is very low. Some
meters are not capable of reading such a low
resistance and will simply read CONTINUITY.
GENERAL INFORMATION
PART 1
SECTION 1.4
TESTING, CLEANING AND DRYING
If proper procedures are used, the following
conditions can be detected using a VOM:
• A "short-to-ground" condition in any stator or rotor
winding.
• Shorting together of any two parallel stator
windings.
• Shorting together of any two isolated stator
windings.
• An open condition in any stator or rotor winding.
Component testing may require a specific resistance
value or a test for INFINITY or CONTINUITY. Infinity
is an OPEN condition between two electrical points,
which would read as no resistance on a VOM.
Continuity is a closed condition between two electrical
points, which would be indicated as very low
resistance or ZERO on a VOM.
ELECTRICAL UNITS
Figure 4. Electrical Units
AMPERE:
The rate of electron flow in a circuit is represented by
the AMPERE. The ampere is the number of electrons
flowing past a given point at a given time. One
AMPERE is equal to just slightly more than six
thousand million billion electrons per second.
With alternating current (AC), the electrons flow first
in one direction, then reverse and move in the
opposite direction. They will repeat this cycle at
regular intervals. A wave diagram, called a "sine
wave" shows that current goes from zero to maximum
positive value, then reverses and goes from zero to
maximum negative value. Two reversals of current
flow is called a cycle. The number of cycles per
second is called frequency and is usually stated in
"Hertz".
VOLT:
The VOLT is the unit used to measure electrical
PRESSURE, or the difference in electrical potential
that causes electrons to flow. Very few electrons will
flow when voltage is weak. More electrons will flow as
voltage becomes stronger. VOLTAGE may be
considered to be a state of unbalance and current
flow as an attempt to regain balance. One volt is the
amount of EMF that will cause a current of 1 ampere
to flow through 1 ohm of resistance.
OHM:
The OHM is the unit of RESISTANCE. In every circuit
there is a natural resistance or opposition to the flow
of electrons. When an EMF is applied to a complete
circuit, the electrons are forced to flow in a single
direction rather than their free or orbiting pattern. The
resistance of a conductor depends on (a) its physical
makeup, (b) its cross-sectional area, (c) its length,
and (d) its temperature. As the conductor's
temperature increases, its resistance increases in
direct proportion. One (1) ohm of resistance will
permit one (1) ampere of current to flow when one (1)
volt of electromotive force (EMF) is applied.
OHM'S LAW
A definite and exact relationship exists between
VOLTS, OHMS and AMPERES. The value of one can
be calculated when the value of the other two are
known. Ohm's Law states that in any circuit the
current will increase when voltage increases but
resistance remains the same, and current will
decrease when resistance Increases and voltage
remains the same.
Figure 5.
If AMPERES is unknown while VOLTS and OHMS
are known, use the following formula:
AMPERES = VOLTS
OHMS
If VOLTS is unknown while AMPERES and OHMS
are known, use the following formula:
VOLTS = AMPERES x OHMS
If OHMS is unknown but VOLTS and AMPERES are
known, use the following:
VOLTS
OHMS = AMPERES
Page 15
SECTION 1.4
PART 1
TESTING, CLEANING AND DRYING
INSULATION RESISTANCE
The insulation resistance of stator and rotor windings
is a measurement of the integrity of the insulating
materials that separate the electrical windings from
the generator steel core. This resistance can degrade
over time or due to such contaminants as dust, dirt,
oil, grease and especially moisture. In most cases,
failures of stator and rotor windings is due to a
breakdown in the insulation. And, in many cases, a
low insulation resistance is caused by moisture that
collects while the generator is shut down. When
problems are caused by moisture buildup on the
windings, they can usually be corrected by drying the
windings. Cleaning and drying the windings can
usually eliminate dirt and moisture built up in the
generator windings.
THE MEGOHMMETER
GENERAL:
A megohmmeter, often called a "megger", consists of
a meter calibrated in megohms and a power supply.
Use a power supply of 500 volts when testing stators
or rotors. DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE LONGER
THAN ONE (1) SECOND.
TESTING STATOR INSULATION:
All parts that might be damaged by the high megger
voltages must be disconnected before testing. Isolate
all stator leads (Figure 2) and connect all of the stator
leads together. FOLLOW THE MEGGER
MANUFACTURER'S INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.
Use a megger power setting of 500 volts. Connect
one megger test lead to the junction of all stator
leads, the other test lead to frame ground on the
stator can. Read the number of megohms on the
meter.
MINIMUM INSULATION
RESISTANCE
(in "Megohms")
=
GENERATOR RATED VOLTS
__________________________
1000
TESTING ROTOR INSULATION:
Apply a voltage of 500 volts across the rotor positive
(+) slip ring (nearest the rotor bearing), and a clean
frame ground (i.e. the rotor shaft). DO NOT EXCEED
500 VOLTS AND DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE
LONGER THAN 1 SECOND. FOLLOW THE
MEGGER MANUFACTURER'S INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY.
ROTOR MINIMUM INSULATION RESISTANCE:
1.5 megohms
CAUTION: BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO
MEASURE INSULATION RESISTANCE, FIRST
DISCONNECT AND ISOLATE ALL LEADS OF
THE WINDING TO BE TESTED. ELECTRONIC
COMPONENTS, DIODES, SURGE
PROTECTORS, RELAYS, VOLTAGE
REGULATORS, ETC., CAN BE DESTROYED
IF SUBJECTED TO HIGH MEGGER
VOLTAGES.
HI-POT TESTER:
A "Hi-Pot" tester is shown in Figure 1. The model
shown is only one of many that are commercially
available. The tester shown is equipped with a
voltage selector switch that permits the power supply
voltage to be selected. It also mounts a breakdown
lamp that will illuminate to indicate an insulation
breakdown during the test.
+1
The MINIMUM acceptable megger reading for stators
may be calculated using the following formula:
EXAMPLE: Generator is rated at 120 volts AC.
Divide "120" by "1000" to obtain "0.12". Then add
"1" to obtain "1.12" megohms. Minimum
Insulation resistance for a 120 VAC stator is 1.12
megohms.
If the stator insulation resistance is less than the
calculated minimum resistance, clean and dry the
stator. Then, repeat the test. If resistance is still low,
replace the stator.
Use the Megger to test for shorts between isolated
windings as outlined "Stator Insulation Tests”.
Also test between parallel windings. See "Test
Between Parallel Windings" on next page.
Page 16
GENERAL INFORMATION
Figure 1. One Type of Hi-Pot Tester
STATOR INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST
GENERAL:
Units with air-cooled engines are equipped with (a)
dual stator AC power windings, (b) an excitation or
DPE winding, (c) a battery charge winding and (d) an
engine run winding. Insulation tests of the stator
consist of (a) testing all windings to ground, (b) testing
between isolated windings, and (c) testing between
GENERAL INFORMATION
PART 1
parallel windings. Figure 2 is a pictorial representation
of the various stator leads on units with air-cooled
engine.
TESTING ALL STATOR WINDINGS TO GROUND:
1. Disconnect stator output leads 11 and 44 from the
generator main line circuit breaker.
2. Remove stator output leads 22 and 33 from the neutral
connection and separate the two leads.
3. Disconnect C2 connector from the side of the control
panel. The C2 connector is the closest to the back
panel. See Figure 9, page 128 for connector location.
SECTION 1.4
TESTING, CLEANING AND DRYING
6. Now proceed to the C2 connector. Each winding will be
individually tested for a short to ground. Insert a large
paper clip (or similar item) into the C2 connector at the
following pin locations:
Pin
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Wire
Number
77
66
66A
55
22
11
6
2
Winding
Battery Charge
Battery Charge
Engine Run
Engine Run
Sense Lead Power
Sense Lead Power
Excitation
Excitation
Next refer to Steps 5a through 5c of the Hi-Pot
procedure.
Example: Insert paper clip into Pin 1, Hi-Pot from
Pin 1 (Wire 77) to ground. Proceed to Pin 2, Pin 3,
etc. through Pin 8.
Figure 2. Stator Winding Leads
Figure 3. C2 Connector Pin Location Numbers
(Female Side)
4. Connect the terminal ends of Wires 11, 22, 33 and 44
together. Make sure the wire ends are not touching any
part of the generator frame or any terminal.
TEST BETWEEN WINDINGS:
5. Connect the red test probe of the Hi-Pot tester to the
joined terminal ends of stator leads 11, 22, 33 and 44.
Connect the black tester lead to a clean frame ground
on the stator can. With tester leads connected in this
manner, proceed as follows:
1. Insert a large paper clip into Pin Location 1 (Wire 77).
Connect the red tester probe to the paper clip. Connect
the black tester probe to Stator Lead 11. Refer to Steps
5a through 5c of “TESTING ALL STATOR WINDINGS
TO GROUND” on the this page.
a. Turn the Hi-Pot tester switch OFF.
b. Plug the tester cord into a 120 volt AC wall
socket and set its voltage selector switch to
"1500 volts".
c. Turn the tester switch "On" and observe the
breakdown lamp on tester. DO NOT APPLY
VOLTAGE LONGER THAN 1 SECOND. After
one (1) second, turn the tester switch OFF.
2. Repeat Step 1 at Pin Location 3 (Wire 66A) and Stator
Lead 11.
If the breakdown lamp comes on during the onesecond test, the stator should be cleaned and dried.
After cleaning and drying, repeat the insulation test. If,
after cleaning and drying, the stator fails the second
test, the stator assembly should be replaced.
3. Repeat Step 1 at Pin Location 7 (Wire 6). and Stator
Lead 11.
4. Connect the red test probe to Stator Lead 33. Connect
the black test probe to Stator Lead 11. Refer to Steps
5a through 5c of “TESTING ALL STATOR WINDINGS
TO GROUND” on the this page.
Page 17
SECTION 1.4
TESTING, CLEANING AND DRYING
5. Insert a large paper clip into Pin Location No. 1 (Wire
77). Connect the red tester probe to the paper clip.
Connect the black tester probe to Stator Lead 33. Refer
to Steps 5a through 5c of “TESTING ALL STATOR
WINDINGS TO GROUND” on the previous page.
6. Repeat Step 5 at Pin Location 3 (Wire 66A) and Stator
Lead 33.
PART 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
6. Observe the breakdown lamp, then turn the tester switch
OFF. DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE LONGER THAN ONE
(1) SECOND.
If the breakdown lamp came on during the one (1)
second test, cleaning and drying of the rotor may be
necessary. After cleaning and drying, repeat the
insulation breakdown test. If breakdown lamp comes
on during the second test, replace the rotor assembly.
7. Repeat Step 5 at Pin Location 7 (Wire 6) and Stator
Lead 33.
For the following steps (8 through 10) an additional
large paper clip (or similar item) will be needed:
8. Insert a large paper clip into Pin Location 1 (Wire 77).
Connect the red tester probe to the paper clip. Insert the
additional large paper clip into Pin Location 3 (Wire
66A). Connect the black tester probe to this paper clip.
Refer to Steps 5a through 5c of “TESTING ALL
STATOR WINDINGS TO GROUND” on the previous
page.
9. Insert a large paper clip into Pin Location 1 (Wire 77).
Connect the red tester probe to the paper clip. Insert the
additional large paper clip into Pin Location 7 (Wire 6).
Connect the black tester probe to this paper clip. Refer
to Steps 5a through 5c of “TESTING ALL STATOR
WINDINGS TO GROUND” on the previous page.
10.Insert a large paper clip into Pin Location 3 (Wire 66A).
Connect the red tester probe to the paper clip. Insert the
additional large paper clip into Pin Location 7 (Wire 6).
Connect the black tester probe to this paper clip. Refer
to Steps 5a through 5c of “TESTING ALL STATOR
WINDINGS TO GROUND” on the previous page.
ROTOR INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST
Before attempting to test rotor insulation, the brush
holder must be completely removed. The rotor must
be completely isolated from other components before
starting the test. Attach all leads of all stator windings
to ground.
1. Connect the red tester lead to the positive (+) slip ring
(nearest the rotor bearing).
Figure 4. Testing Rotor Insulation
CLEANING THE GENERATOR
Caked or greasy dirt may be loosened with a soft
brush or a damp cloth. A vacuum system may be
used to clean up loosened dirt. Dust and dirt may also
be removed using dry, low-pressure air (25 psi
maximum).
CAUTION: DO NOT USE SPRAYED WATER
TO CLEAN THE GENERATOR. SOME OF THE
WATER WILL BE RETAINED ON
GENERATOR WINDINGS AND TERMINALS,
AND MAY CAUSE VERY SERIOUS
PROBLEMS.
DRYING THE GENERATOR
To dry a generator, proceed as follows:
2. Connect the black tester probe to a clean frame ground,
such as a clean metal part of the rotor shaft.
1. Open the generator main circuit breaker. NO
ELECTRICAL LOADS MUST BE APPLIED TO THE
GENERATOR WHILE DRYING.
3. Turn the tester switch OFF.
2. Disconnect all Wires 4 from the voltage regulator.
4. Plug the tester into a 120 volts AC wall socket and set
the voltage switch to "1500 volts".
3. Provide an external source to blow warm, dry air through
the generator interior (around the rotor and stator
windings. DO NOT EXCEED 185° F. (85° C.).
5. Turn the tester switch "On" and make sure the pilot light
has turned on.
4. Start the generator and let it run for 2 or 3 hours.
5. Shut the generator down and repeat the stator and rotor
insulation resistance tests.
Page 18
GENERAL INFORMATION
PART 1
SECTION 1.5
ENGINE-GENERATOR PROTECTIVE DEVICES
GENERAL
Standby electric power generators will often run
unattended for long periods of time. Such operating
parameters as (a) engine oil pressure, (b) engine
temperature, (c) engine operating speed, and (d)
engine cranking and startup are not monitored by an
operator during automatic operation. Because engine
operation will not be monitored, the use of engine
protective safety devices is required to prevent engine
damage in the event of a problem.
Prepackaged generator engines mount several
engine protective devices. These devices work in
conjunction with a circuit board, to protect the engine
against such operating faults as (a) low engine oil
pressure, (b) high temperature, (c) overspeed, and (d)
overcrank. On occurrence of any one or more of
those operating faults, circuit board action will effect
an engine shutdown.
LOW OIL PRESSURE SHUTDOWN:
See Figure 1. An oil pressure switch is mounted on
the engine oil filter adapter. This switch has normally
closed contacts that are held open by engine oil
pressure during cranking and startup. Should oil
pressure drop below approximately 10 psi, the switch
contacts will close. On closure of the switch contacts,
a Wire 86 circuit from the circuit board will be
connected to ground. Circuit board action will then deenergize a "run relay" (on the circuit board). The run
relay's normally open contacts will then open and a
12 volts DC power supply to a Wire 14 circuit will then
be terminated. This will result in closure of a fuel
shutoff solenoid and loss of engine ignition.
HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SHUTDOWN:
An oil temperature switch (Figure 1) is mounted on
the engine block. The thermal switch has normally
open contacts that will close if oil temperature should
exceed approximately 284° F (140° C). This will result
in the same action as a low oil pressure shutdown.
OVERSPEED SHUTDOWN:
During engine cranking and operation, the circuit
board receives AC voltage and frequency signals
from the generator engine run windings, via Wire 66A.
Should the AC frequency exceed approximately 72Hz
(4320 rpm), circuit board action will de-energize a
"run relay" (mounted on the circuit board). The relay's
contacts will open, to terminate engine ignition and
close a fuel shutoff solenoid. The engine will then
shut down. This feature protects the engine-generator
against damaging overspeeds.
NOTE: The circuit board also uses engine run
winding output to terminate engine cranking at
approximately 30 Hz (1800 rpm). In addition, the
engine run winding output is used by the circuit
board as an "engine running" signal The circuit
board will not initiate transfer of electrical loads
to the "Standby" source unless the engine is
running at 30 Hz or above.
Figure 1. Engine Protective Switches on an
Air-Cooled Engine
OVERCRANK SHUTDOWN:
Automatic engine cranking and startup normally
occurs when the circuit board senses that utility
source voltage has dropped below approximately 60
percent of its nominal rated voltage and remains at
that low level longer than fifteen (15) seconds. At the
end of fifteen (15) seconds, circuit board action will
energize a crank relay and a run relay (both relays
are on the circuit board). On closure of the crank relay
contacts, circuit board action will deliver 12 volts DC
to a starter contactor relay (SCR, for v-twin models)
or a starter contactor (SC, for single cylinder models).
The control contactor will energize and battery power
will be delivered to the starter motor (SM). The engine
will then crank.
During a manual startup (Auto-Off-Manual switch at
MANUAL), action is the same as during an automatic
start, except that cranking will begin immediately
when the switch is set to MANUAL.
Circuit board action (during both a manual and an
automatic start) will hold the crank relay energized for
15 seconds on. The relay will then de-energize for 15
seconds off. It will then energize for seven (7)
seconds on and de-energize for seven (7) seconds
off. It will repeat this same cycle for another 45
seconds.
If the engine has not started after approximately 90
seconds of these crank-rest cycles, cranking will
automatically terminate and shutdown will occur. The
circuit board uses AC signals from the stator engine
run winding as an indication that the engine has
started.
Page 19
SECTION 1.6
PART 1
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
CONTROL PANEL
2. OFF Position:
GENERAL:
See Figure 1. The front face of this panel mounts
(a) an Auto-Off-Manual switch, (b) a 15 amp fuse,
(c) a 7.5 amp fuse, (d) a set exercise switch and
(e) the protection systems.
120 VAC GFCI OUTLET:
The generator is equipped with an external, 15 amp,
120 volt, GFCI convenience outlet that is located in
the right rear of the generator enclosure. When the
generator is running, in the absence of utility power,
this outlet may be used to power items outside the
home such as lights or power tools. This outlet may
also be used when utility power is present by running
the generator in manual mode. This oultlet does not
provide power if the generator is not running. This
outlet is protected by a 7.5 amp circuit breaker
located in the generator control panel. (Figure 1).
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET FUSE
7.5A
AUTO
OFF
MAN.
CIRCUIT
BREAKER
12 VDC
SYSTEM SET
LOW OIL
OVER SPEED
OVER CRANK
SET
EXERCISE
TIME
ACCESSORY
OUTLET 7.5A MAX
FLASHING GREEN LED =
NO UTILITY SENSE
4 FLASHING RED LEDS=
EXERCISER NOT SET
Figure 1. Control Panel
AUTO-OFF-MANUAL SWITCH:
Use this switch to (a) select fully automatic operation,
(b) to crank and start the engine manually, and (c) to
shut the unit down or to prevent automatic startup.
1. AUTO position:
a. Select AUTO for fully automatic operation.
b. When AUTO is selected, circuit board will
monitor utility power source voltage.
c. Should utility voltage drop below a preset level
and remain at such a low level for a preset time,
circuit board action will initiate engine cranking
and startup.
d. Following engine startup, circuit board action
will initiate transfer of electrical loads to the
"Standby" source side.
e. On restoration of utility source voltage above a
preset level, circuit board action will initiate
retransfer back to the "Utility Source" side.
f. Following retransfer, circuit board will shut the
engine down and will then continue to monitor
utility source voltage.
Page 20
a. Set the switch to OFF to stop an operating
engine.
b. To prevent an automatic startup from occurring,
set the switch to OFF.
3. MANUAL Position:
a. Set switch to MANUAL to crank and start unit
manually.
b. Engine will crank cyclically and start (same as
automatic startup, but without transfer). The unit
will transfer if utility voltage is not available.
DANGER: WHEN THE GENERATOR IS
INSTALLED IN CONJUNCTION WITH AN
AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH, ENGINE
CRANKING AND STARTUP CAN OCCUR AT
ANY TIME WITHOUT WARNING (PROVIDING
THE AUTO-OFF-MANUAL SWITCH IS SET TO
AUTO). TO PREVENT AUTOMATIC STARTUP
AND POSSIBLE INJURY THAT MIGHT BE
CAUSED BY SUCH STARTUP, ALWAYS SET
THE AUTO-OFF-MANUAL SWITCH TO ITS
OFF POSITION BEFORE WORKING ON OR
AROUND THIS EQUIPMENT.
HIGH TEMP.
SYSTEM FUSE
15A
GENERAL INFORMATION
15 AMP FUSE:
This fuse protects the DC control circuit (including the
circuit board) against overload. If the fuse element
has melted open due to an overload, engine cranking
or running will not be possible. Should fuse
replacement become necessary, use only an identical
15 amp replacement fuse.
7.5 AMP FUSE:
This fuse protects the 12 VDC accessory socket
against overload. If the fuse element has melted open
due to an overload, the 12 VDC socket will not
provide power to accessories. Should fuse
replacement become necessary, use only an identical
7.5 amp replacement fuse.
THE SET EXERCISE SWITCH:
The air-cooled, prepackaged automatic standby
generator will start and exercise once every seven (7)
days, on a day and at a time of day selected by the
owner or operator. The set exercise time switch is
provided to select the day and time of day for system
exercise.
See Section 5 ("The 7-Day Exercise Cycle") for
instructions on how to set exercise time.
DANGER: THE GENERATOR WILL CRANK
AND START WHEN THE SET EXERCISE TIME
SWITCH IS SET TO "ON". DO NOT ACTUATE
THE SWITCH TO "ON" UNTIL AFTER YOU
HAVE READ THE INSTRUCTIONS IN PART 5.
GENERAL INFORMATION
PART 1
PROTECTION SYSTEMS:
Unlike an automobile engine, the generator may have
to run for long periods of time with no operator
present to monitor engine conditions. For that reason,
the engine is equipped with the following systems that
protect it against potentially damaging conditions:
• Low Oil Pressure Sensor
• High Temperature Sensor
• Overcrank
• Overspeed
There are LED readouts on the control panel to notify
you that one of these faults has occurred. There is
also a “System Set” LED that is lit when all of the
following conditions are true:
1. The Auto-Off-Manual switch is set to the AUTO position.
2. The NOT IN AUTO dip switch is set to the OFF position
on the control board.
3. No alarms are present.
TO SELECT AUTOMATIC OPERATION
The following procedure applies only to those
installations in which the air-cooled, prepackaged
automatic standby generator is installed in
conjunction with a prepackaged transfer switch.
Prepackaged transfer switches do not have an
intelligence circuit of their own. Automatic operation
on prepackaged transfer switch and generator
combinations is controlled by circuit board action.
To select automatic operation when a prepackaged
transfer switch is installed along with a prepackaged
home standby generator, proceed as follows:
1. Check that the prepackaged transfer switch main
contacts are at their UTILITY position, i.e., the load is
connected to the utility power supply. If necessary,
manually actuate the switch main contacts to their
UTILITY source side. See Part 5 of this manual, as
appropriate, for instructions.
2. Check that utility source voltage is available to transfer
switch terminal lugs N1 and N2 (2-pole, 1-phase
transfer switches).
3. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to its AUTO
position.
4. Actuate the generator main line circuit breaker to its
"On" or "Closed" position. With the preceding Steps 1
through 4 completed, a dropout in utility supply voltage
below a preset level will result in automatic generator
cranking and star t-up. Following star tup, the
prepackaged transfer switch will be actuated to its
"Standby" source side, i.e., loads powered by the
standby generator.
SECTION 1.6
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
MANUAL TRANSFER TO "STANDBY" AND
MANUAL STARTUP
To transfer electrical loads to the "Standby"
(generator) source and start the generator manually,
proceed as follows:
1. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to OFF.
2. On the generator, set the main line circuit breaker to it's
OFF or "Open" position.
3. Turn OFF the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using whatever means provided (such as a utility source
line circuit breaker).
4. Manually actuate the transfer switch main contacts to
their “Standby” position, i.e., loads connected to the
“Standby” power source side.
NOTE: For instructions on manual operation of
prepackaged transfer switches, see Part 5.
5. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to MANUAL. The engine should crank and start.
6. Let the engine warm up and stabilize for a minute or two
at no-load.
7. Set the generator main line circuit breaker to its "On" or
"Closed" position. The generator now powers the
electrical loads.
MANUAL SHUTDOWN AND RETRANSFER
BACK TO "UTILITY"
To shut the generator down and retransfer electrical
loads back to the UTILITY position, proceed as
follows:
1. Set the generator main line circuit breaker to its OFF or
"Open" position.
2. Let the generator run at no-load for a few minutes, to
cool.
3. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF. Wait
for the engine to come to a complete stop.
4. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch
using whatever means provided (such as a utility source
main line circuit breaker)
5. Manually actuate the prepackaged transfer switch to its
UTILITY source side, i.e., load connected to the utility
source.
6. Turn on the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using whatever means provided.
7. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to AUTO.
Page 21
SECTION 1.7
AUTOMATIC OPERATING PARAMETERS
INTRODUCTION
When the prepackaged generator is installed in
conjunction with a prepackaged transfer switch, either
manual or automatic operation is possible. Manual
transfer and engine startup, as well as manual
shutdown and retransfer are covered in Section 1.6.
Selection of fully automatic operation is also
discussed in that section. This section will provide a
step-by-step description of the sequence of events
that will occur during automatic operation of the
system.
AUTOMATIC OPERATING SEQUENCES
PHASE 1 - UTILITY VOLTAGE AVAILABLE:
With utility source voltage available to the transfer
switch, that source voltage is sensed by a circuit
board in the generator panel and the circuit board
takes no action.
Electrical loads are powered by the utility source and
the Auto-Off-Manual switch is set to AUTO.
PHASE 2- UTILITY VOLTAGE DROPOUT:
If a dropout in utility source voltage should occur
below about 60 percent of the nominal utility source
voltage, a 15 second timer on the circuit board will
start timing. This timer is required to prevent false
generator starts that might be caused by transient
utility voltage dips.
PHASE 3- ENGINE CRANKING:
When the circuit board's 15 second timer has finished
timing and if utility source voltage is still below 60
percent of the nominal source voltage, circuit board
action will energize a crank relay and a run relay.
Both of these relays are mounted on the circuit board.
If the engine starts, cranking will terminate when
generator AC output frequency reaches
approximately 30 Hz.
PART 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
PHASE 4-ENGINE STARTUP AND RUNNING:
The circuit board senses that the engine is running by
receiving a voltage/frequency signal from the engine
run windings.
When generator AC frequency reaches approximately
30 Hz, an engine warm-up timer on the circuit board
turns on. That timer will run for about ten (10)
seconds.
The engine warm-up timer lets the engine warm-up
and stabilize before transfer to the "Standby" source
can occur.
NOTE: The engine can be shut down manually at
any time, by setting the Auto-Off-Manual switch to
OFF.
PHASE 5- TRANSFER TO "STANDBY":
When the circuit board's engine warm-up timer has
timed out and AC voltage has reached 50 percent of
the nominal rated voltage, circuit board action
completes a transfer relay circuit to ground. The
transfer relay is housed in the prepackaged transfer
switch enclosure.
The transfer relay energizes and transfer of loads to
the "Standby" power source occurs. Loads are now
powered by standby generator AC output.
PHASE 6- "UTILITY" POWER RESTORED:
When utility source voltage is restored above about
80 percent of the nominal supply voltage, a 15
second timer on the circuit board starts timing. If utility
voltage remains sufficiently high at the end of 15
seconds, retransfer can occur.
PHASE 7- RETRANSFER BACK TO "UTILITY":
At the end of the 15 second delay, circuit board action
will open a circuit to a transfer relay (housed in the
transfer switch). The transfer relay will then deenergize and retransfer back to the utility source will
occur. Loads are now powered by utility source
power. On retransfer, an engine cool-down timer
starts timing and will run for about one (1) minute.
PHASE 8- GENERATOR SHUTDOWN:
When the engine cool-down timer has finished timing,
and if the minimum run timer has timed out, engine
shutdown will occur.
Page 22
GENERAL INFORMATION
SECTION 1.7
PART 1
AUTOMATIC OPERATING PARAMETERS
AUTOMATIC OPERATING SEQUENCES CHART
SEQ. CONDITION
ACTION
SENSOR, TIMER OR OTHER
1
Utility source voltage is
available.
No action
Voltage Dropout Sensor on circuit
circuit board.
2
Utility voltage dropout below
60% of rated voltage occurs.
A 15-second timer on circuit
board turns on.
Voltage Dropout Sensor and 15
second timer on circuit board.
3
Utility voltage is still below
60% of rated voltage.
15-second timer runs for 15
seconds, then stops.
Voltage Dropout Sensor and 15
second timer.
4
Utility voltage is still low after
15 seconds.
Circuit board action energizes a
crank relay and a run relay.
See NOTE 1.
Circuit board crank and run
relays.
5
Utility voltage still low and
the engine has started.
Circuit board’s “engine warmup
timer” runs for 10 seconds.
Engine Warmup Timer (10 seconds)
6
Engine running and “engine
warmup timer” times out.
AC output voltage above
50% nominal voltage.
Circuit board action energizes a
transfer relay in transfer switch
and transfer to “Standby” occurs.
Circuit board transfer relay circuit
Transfer switch transfer relay.
7
Engine running and load is
powered by Standby power.
No further action
Circuit board voltage pickup
sensor continues to seek an
acceptable “Utility” voltage.
8
Utility source voltage is
restored above 80% of rated
Circuit board “voltage pickup
sensor” reacts and a “re-transfer
time delay” turns on.
Voltage Pickup Sensor (80%)
Return to Utility Timer (15 seconds)
9
Utility voltage still high after 15
seconds.
“Return to Utility Timer” times out
Return to Utility Timer
10
Utility voltage still high.
Circuit board action opens the
transfer relay circuit to ground.
Transfer relay de-energizes and
retransfer to “Utility” occurs.
Circuit board transfer relay circuit
Transfer switch transfer relay.
11
Engine still running, loads are
powered by Utility source.
Circuit board “engine cool down
timer” starts running.
Circuit board Engine Cool down
Timer (1 minute)
12
13
After 1 minute, “engine cool down Engine Cool down Timer
timer” stops and circuit board’s
Circuit board Run Relay.
run relay de-energizes. Engine
shuts down.
Engine is shut down, loads are
powered by “Utility” source.
Return to Sequence 1.
No action.
Voltage Dropout Sensor on circuit
circuit board.
Page 23
NOTES
Page 24
PART 1
GENERAL INFORMATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART
PART 2
AC GENERATORS
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
TITLE
2.1
Description and Components
2.2
Operational Analysis
2.3
Troubleshooting Flow Charts
2.4
Diagnostic Tests
SECTION 2.1
DESCRIPTION & COMPONENTS
INTRODUCTION
The air-cooled, pre-packaged automatic standby
system is an easy to install, fully enclosed and selfsufficient electric power system. It is designed
especially for homeowners, but may be used in other
applications as well. On occurrence of a utility power
failure, this high performance system will (a) crank
and start automatically, and (b) automatically transfer
electrical loads to generator AC output.
The generator revolving field (rotor) is driven by an
air-cooled engine at about 3600 rpm.
The generator may be used to supply electrical power
for the operation of 120 and/or 240 volts, 1phase, 60
Hz, AC loads.
A 2-pole, "V-Type", prepackaged transfer switch is
shipped with the unit (see Part 3). Prepackaged
transfer switches do not include an "intelligence
circuit" of their own. Instead, automatic startup,
transfer, running, retransfer and shutdown operations
are controlled by a solid state circuit board in the
generator control panel.
ENGINE-GENERATOR DRIVE SYSTEM
PART 2
directly coupled to the engine crankshaft (see Figure
1), and mounted in an enclosure. Both the engine and
generator rotor are driven at approximately 3600 rpm,
to provide a 60 Hz AC output.
THE AC GENERATOR
Figure 1 shows the major components of the AC
generator.
ROTOR ASSEMBLY
The 2-pole rotor must be operated at 3600 rpm to
supply a 60 Hertz AC frequency. The term "2-pole"
means the rotor has a single north magnetic pole and
a single south magnetic pole. As the rotor rotates, its
lines of magnetic flux cut across the stator assembly
windings and a voltage is induced into the stator
windings. The rotor shaft mounts a positive (+) and a
negative (-) slip ring, with the positive (+) slip ring
nearest the rear bearing carrier. The rotor bearing is
pressed onto the end of the rotor shaft. The tapered
rotor shaft is mounted to a tapered crankshaft and is
held in place with a single through bolt.
The generator revolving field is driven by an aircooled, horizontal crankshaft engine. The generator is
Figure 1. AC Generator Exploded View
Page 26
AC GENERATORS
AC GENERATORS
PART 2
SECTION 2.1
DESCRIPTION & COMPONENTS
Wire 4 connects to the positive (+) brush and Wire 0
to the negative (-) brush. Wire 0 connects to frame
ground. Rectified and regulated excitation current, as
well as current from a field boost circuit, are delivered
to the rotor windings via Wire 4, and the positive (+)
brush and slip ring. The excitation and field boost
current passes through the windings and to frame
ground via the negative (-) slip ring and brush, and
Wire 0. This current flow creates a magnetic field
around the rotor having a flux concentration that is
proportional to the amount of current flow.
Figure 2. The 2-Pole Rotor Assembly
STATOR ASSEMBLY
The stator can houses and retains (a) dual AC power
windings, (b) excitation winding, (c) battery charge
winding and (d) engine run winding. A total of twelve
(12) stator leads are brought out of the stator can as
shown in Figure 3.
The stator can is sandwiched between an engine
adapter and a rear bearing carrier. It is retained in
that position by four stator studs.
Figure 4. Brush Holder and Brushes
OTHER AC GENERATOR COMPONENTS
Some AC generator components are housed in the
generator control panel enclosure, and are not shown
in Figure 1. These are (a) an excitation circuit
breaker, (b) a voltage regulator, and (c) a main line
circuit breaker.
Figure 3 Stator Assembly Leads
BRUSH HOLDER AND BRUSHES
The brush holder is retained to the rear bearing
carrier by means of two #10-32 x 9/16 Taptite screws.
A positive (+) and a negative (-) brush are retained in
the brush holder, with the positive (+) brush riding on
the slip ring nearest the rotor bearing.
EXCITATION CIRCUIT BREAKER:
The excitation circuit breaker (CB2) is housed in the
generator panel enclosure and electrically connected
in series with the excitation (DPE) winding output to
the voltage regulator. The breaker is self-resetting,
i.e.; its contacts will close again when excitation
current drops to a safe value.
If the circuit breaker has failed open, excitation
current flow to the voltage regulator and,
subsequently, to the rotor windings will be lost.
Without excitation current flow, AC voltage induced
into the stator AC power windings will drop to a value
that is commensurate with the rotor residual
magnetism (see Figure 5).
Page 27
SECTION 2.1
DESCRIPTION & COMPONENTS
PART 2
AC GENERATORS
Figure 5. Excitation Circuit Breaker
VOLTAGE REGULATOR:
A typical voltage regulator is shown in Figure 6.
Unregulated AC output from the stator excitation
winding is delivered to the regulator's DPE terminals,
via Wire 2, the excitation circuit breaker, Wire 162,
and Wire 6. The voltage regulator rectifies that current
and, based on stator AC power winding sensing,
regulates it. The rectified and regulated excitation
current is then delivered to the rotor windings from the
positive (+) and negative (-) regulator terminals, via
Wire 4 and Wire 1. Stator AC power winding
“sensing” is delivered to the regulator "SEN" terminals
via Wires 11 and 22.
The regulator provides "over-voltage" protection, but
does not protect against "under-voltage". On
occurrence of an "over-voltage' condition, the
regulator will "shut down" and complete loss Of
excitation current to the rotor will occur. Without
excitation current, the generator AC output voltage
will drop to approximately one-half (or lower) of the
unit's rated voltage.
Page 28
Figure 6. Typical Voltage Regulator
A single red lamp (LED) glows during normal
operation. The lamp will become dim if excitation
winding AC output diminishes. It will go out on
occurrence of an open condition in the sensing AC
output circuit.
An adjustment potentiometer permits the stator AC
power winding voltage to be adjusted. Perform this
adjustment with the generator running at no-load, and
with a 62 Hz AC frequency (62 Hz equals 3720 rpm).
At the stated no-load frequency, adjust to obtain a
line-to-line AC voltage of about 252 volts.
MAIN LINE CIRCUIT BREAKER:
The main line circuit breaker protects the generator
against electrical overload. See “Specifications” on
inside front cover of this manual for amp ratings.
AC GENERATORS
PART 2
ROTOR RESIDUAL MAGNETISM
The generator revolving field (rotor) may be
considered to be a permanent magnet. Some
'residual" magnetism is always present in the rotor.
This residual magnetism is sufficient to induce a
voltage into the stator AC power windings that is
approximately 2-12 volts AC.
SECTION 2.2
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
Field boost voltage is reduced from that of battery
voltage by the resistor action and, when read with a
DC voltmeter, will be approximately 9 or 10 volts DC.
FIELD BOOST
FIELD BOOST CIRCUIT:
When the engine is cranking, direct current flow is
delivered from a circuit board to the generator rotor
windings, via Wire 4.
The field boost system is shown schematically in
Figure 2. Manual and automatic engine cranking is
initiated by circuit board action, when that circuit
board energizes a crank relay (K1). Battery voltage is
then delivered to field boost Wire 4 (and to the rotor),
via a field boost resistor and diode. The crank relay,
field boost resistor and diode are all located on the
circuit board.
Notice that field boost current is available only while
the crank relay (K1) is energized, i.e., while the
engine is cranking.
Figure 2. Field Boost Circuit Schematic
Figure 1. Operating Diagram of AC Generator
Page 29
SECTION 2.2
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
OPERATION
STARTUP:
When the engine is started, residual plus field boost
magnetism from the rotor induces a voltage into (a)
the stator AC power windings, (b) the stator excitation
or DPE windings, (c) the stator battery charge, and
(d) engine run winding. In an "on-speed" condition,
residual plus field boost magnetism are capable of
creating approximately one-half the unit's rated
voltage.
ON-SPEED OPERATION:
As the engine accelerates, the voltage that is induced
into the stator windings increases rapidly, due to the
increasing speed at which the rotor operates.
FIELD EXCITATION:
An AC voltage is induced into the stator excitation
(DPE) windings. The DPE winding circuit is
completed to the voltage regulator, via Wire 2,
excitation circuit breaker, Wire 162, and Wire 6.
Unregulated alternating current can flow from the
winding to the regulator.
The voltage regulator "senses" AC power winding
output voltage and frequency via stator Wires 11 and
22.
The regulator changes the AC from the excitation
winding to DC. In addition, based on the Wires 11 and
22 sensing signals, it regulates the flow of direct
current to the rotor.
The rectified and regulated current flow from the
regulator is delivered to the rotor windings, via Wire 4,
and the positive brush and slip ring. This excitation
current flows through the rotor windings and is
directed to ground through the negative (-) slip ring
and brush, and Wire 0.
The greater the current flow through the rotor
windings, the more concentrated the lines of flux
around the rotor become.
The more concentrated the lines of flux around the
rotor that cut across the stationary stator windings,
the greater the voltage that is induced into the stator
windings.
Page 30
PART 2
AC GENERATORS
Initially, the AC power winding voltage sensed by the
regulator is low. The regulator reacts by increasing
the flow of excitation current to the rotor until voltage
increases to a desired level. The regulator then
maintains the desired voltage. For example, if voltage
exceeds the desired level, the regulator will decrease
the flow of excitation current. Conversely, if voltage
drops below the desired level, the regulator responds
by increasing the flow of excitation current.
AC POWER WINDING OUTPUT:
A regulated voltage is induced into the stator AC
power windings. When electrical loads are connected
across the AC power windings to complete the circuit,
current can flow in the circuit. The regulated AC
power winding output voltage will be in direct
proportion to the AC frequency. For example, on units
rated 120/240 volts at 60 Hz, the regulator will try to
maintain 240 volts (line-to-line) at 60 Hz. This type of
regulation system provides greatly improved motor
starting capability over other types of systems.
BATTERY CHARGE WINDING OUTPUT:
A voltage is induced into the battery charge windings.
Output from these windings is delivered to a battery
charger, via Wires 66 and 77. The resulting direct
current from the battery charger is delivered to the
unit battery, via Wire 15, a 15 amp fuse, and Wire 13.
This output is used to maintain battery state of charge
during operation.
ENGINE RUN WINDING OUTPUT:
A voltage is induced into the engine run winding and
delivered to a solid state circuit board , via Wire 66A.
This output "tells" the circuit board that the engine has
started and what its operating speed is. The circuit
board uses these signals from the engine run winding
to (a) terminate cranking, and (b) turn on various
timing circuits that control automatic operation. See
Part 4, "DC Control".
AC GENERATORS
SECTION 2.3
PART 2
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
GENERAL
Use the “Flow Charts” in conjunction with the detailed
instructions in Section 2.4. Test numbers used in the
flow charts correspond to the numbered tests in
Section 2.4.
The first step in using the flow charts is to correctly
identify the problem. Once that has been done, locate
the problem on the following pages. For best results,
perform all tests in the exact sequence shown in the
flow charts.
Page 31
SECTION 2.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 32
PART 2
AC GENERATORS
AC GENERATORS
PART 2
SECTION 2.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 33
SECTION 2.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 34
PART 2
AC GENERATORS
AC GENERATORS
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
INTRODUCTION
This section is provided to familiarize the service
technician with acceptable procedures for the testing
and evaluation of various problems that could be
encountered on prepackaged standby generators with
air-cooled engine. Use this section of the manual in
conjunction with Section 2.3, "Troubleshooting Flow
Charts". The numbered tests in this section
correspond with those of Section 2.3.
Test procedures in this section do not require the use
of specialized test equipment, meters or tools. Most
tests can be performed with an inexpensive volt-ohmmilliammeter (VOM). An AC frequency meter is
required, where frequency readings must be taken. A
clamp-on ammeter may be used to measure AC
loads on the generator.
Testing and troubleshooting methods covered in this
section are not exhaustive. We have not attempted to
discuss, evaluate and advise the home standby
service trade of all conceivable ways in which service
and trouble diagnosis might be performed. We have
not undertaken any such broad evaluation.
Accordingly, anyone who uses a test method not
recommended herein must first satisfy himself that
the procedure or method he has selected will
jeopardize neither his nor the product's safety.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
PROCEDURE:
The generator main circuit breaker is located on the
control panel. If loads are not receiving power, make
sure the breaker is set to "On" or "Closed".
If you suspect the breaker may have failed, it can be
tested as follows (see Figure 1):
1. Set a volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM) to its "R x 1" scale
and zero the meter.
2. With the generator shut down, disconnect all wires from
the main circuit breaker terminals, to prevent interaction.
3. With the generator shut down, connect one VOM test
probe to the Wire 11 terminal of the breaker and the
other test probe to the Wire E1 terminal.
4. Set the breaker to its "On" or "Closed" position. The
VOM should read CONTINUITY.
5. Set the breaker to its OFF or "Open" position and the
VOM should indicate INFINITY.
6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 with the VOM test probes
connected across the breaker's Wire 44 terminal and
the E2 terminal.
RESULTS:
SAFETY
Service personnel who work on this equipment must
be made aware of the dangers of such equipment.
Extremely high and dangerous voltages are present
that can kill or cause serious injury. Gaseous fuels
are highly explosive and can be ignited by the
slightest spark. Engine exhaust gases contain deadly
carbon monoxide gas that can cause
unconsciousness or even death. Contact with moving
parts can cause serious injury. The list of hazards is
seemingly endless.
When working on this equipment, use common sense
and remain alert at all times. Never work on this
equipment while you are physically or mentally
fatigued. If you don't understand a component, device
or system, do not work on it.
1. If the circuit breaker tests good, go on to Test 2.
2. If the breaker tests bad, it should be replaced.
TEST 1- CHECK MAIN CIRCUIT BREAKER
DISCUSSION:
Often the most obvious cause of a problem is
overlooked. If the generator main line circuit breaker
is set to OFF or "Open", no electrical power will be
supplied to electrical loads. If loads are not receiving
power, perhaps the main circuit breaker is open or
has failed.
Figure 1. Generator Main Circuit Breaker Test
Points
Page 35
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 2- CHECK AC OUTPUT VOLTAGE
DISCUSSION:
A volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM) may be used to
check the generator output voltage. Output voltage
may be checked at the unit's main circuit breaker
terminals. Refer to the unit's DATA PLATE for rated
line-to-line and line-to-neutral voltages.
DANGER: USE EXTREME CAUTION DURING
THIS TEST. THE GENERATOR WILL BE
RUNNING. HIGH AND DANGEROUS
VOLTAGES WILL BE PRESENT AT THE TEST
TERMINALS. CONNECT METER TEST
CLAMPS TO THE HIGH VOLTAGE
TERMINALS WHILE THE GENERATOR IS
SHUT DOWN. STAY CLEAR OF POWER
TERMINALS DURING THE TEST. MAKE SURE
METER CLAMPS ARE SECURELY
ATTACHED AND WILL NOT SHAKE LOOSE.
PROCEDURE:
1. With the engine shut down, connect the AC voltmeter
test leads across the Wires 11 and 44 terminals of the
generator main circuit breaker (see Figure 1). These
connections will permit line-to-line voltages to be read.
2. Set the generator main circuit breaker to its OFF or
"Open" position. This test will be conducted with the
generator running at no-load.
AC GENERATORS
and the excitation current cannot pass. On
current units with air-cooled engine, "field boost"
current flow is available to the rotor only during
engine cranking.
TEST 3- TEST EXCITATION CIRCUIT
BREAKER
DISCUSSION:
Unregulated excitation current is delivered to the
voltage regulator from the stator excitation (DPE)
winding, via Wire 2, an excitation circuit breaker
(CB2), Wire 162, and Wire 6. If the excitation circuit
breaker has failed open, excitation current will not be
available to the voltage regulator or to the rotor.
Stator AC power winding output will then be reduced
to a voltage that is the product of residual magnetism
alone.
PROCEDURE:
1. With the generator shut down for at least two minutes,
locate the excitation circuit breaker in the generator
panel. Disconnect wires from the breaker, to prevent
interaction.
2. Set a volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM) to its "R x 1'scale
and zero the meter.
3. Connect the VOM test probes across the circuit breaker
terminals. The meter should read CONTINUITY.
RESULTS:
3. Start the generator, let it stabilize and warm up for a
minute or two.
1. Replace circuit breaker if defective (meter reads
“OPEN”). Then proceed to Test 4.
4. Take the meter reading. On unit's having a rated line-toline voltage of 240 volts, the no-load voltage should be
about 242-252 volts AC.
2. If circuit breaker is good, go on to Test 4.
5. Shut the engine down and remove the meter test leads.
RESULTS:
1. If zero volts or residual voltage is indicated, go on to
Test 3.
2. If the voltage reading is higher than residual, but is lower
than the stated limits, go to Test 11.
3. If a high voltage is indicated, go on to Test 11.
NOTE: "Residual" voltage may be defined as the
voltage that is produced by rotor residual
magnetism alone. The amount of voltage induced
into the stator AC power windings by residual
voltage alone will be approximately 2 to 16 volts
AC, depending on the characteristics of the
specific generator. If a unit is supplying residual
voltage only, either excitation current is not
reaching the rotor or the rotor windings are open
Page 36
Figure 2. Excitation Circuit Breaker
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
MATCH RESULTS WITH LETTER AND REFER TO FLOW CHART IN SECTION 2.3 “Problem 1”
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
Above 1.5A
Above 1.3A
Above 1.1A
Zero
Current
Draw
Zero
Current
Draw
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
Above 1.5A
Above 1.3A
Above 1.1A
Above 1.5A
Above 1.3A
Above 1.1A
Zero
Current
Draw
Zero
Current
Draw
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
0.91-1.06A
0.80A
0.64A
Running Rotor
Amp Draw
6 & 7 kW
12 & 12 kW
13 & 15 kW
6 & 7 kW
12 & 12 kW
13 & 15 kW
Static Rotor
Amp Draw
Below 60 VAC
Above 60 VAC
Below 60 VAC
Below 60 VAC
Zero or
Residual Volts
Above 60 VAC
Below 60 VAC
Above 60 VAC
Above 60 VAC
Below 60 VAC
Below 60 VAC
Zero or
Residual Volts
Below 60 VAC
E
D
C
ALL
7. Disconnect Wire 11 from the voltage regulator and
connect one meter test lead to that wire. Disconnect
Wire 22 from the voltage regulator and connect the
other meter test lead to that wire (both wires are located
at the top two terminals of the voltage regulator, see
Figure 3).
Voltage Results
Wire 11 & 22
6. Set the AUTO-OFF-MANUAL switch to OFF. Reconnect
Wire 2 and Wire 6.
ALL
5. Set the AUTO-OFF-MANUAL switch to MANUAL. Once
the engine starts, record the AC voltage.
Voltage Results
Wire 2 & 6
4. Disconnect Wire 2 from the excitation circuit breaker
(CB2) and connect one meter test lead to that wire.
Disconnect Wire 6 from the voltage regulator and
connect the other meter test lead to that wire. (5th
terminal from top, double check wire number).
B
3. Set VOM to AC volts.
A
Figure 3. Voltage Regulator
Size
2. Connect a jumper wire to the disconnected Wire 4 and
to the 12 volt fused battery supply Wire 15. (located at
15A fuse).
Results:
1. Disconnect Wire 4 from the voltage regulator, 3rd
terminal from the top. See Figure 3.
TEST 4 RESULTS - FIXED EXCITATION TEST/ROTOR AMP DRAW TEST
PROCEDURE:
F
G
DISCUSSION:
Supplying a fixed DC current to the rotor will induce a
magnetic field in the rotor. With the generator
running, this should create a proportional voltage
output from the stator windings.
Above 60 VAC
H
TEST 4- FIXED EXCITATION TEST
/ROTOR AMP DRAW TEST
Below 60 VAC
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Above 60 VAC
AC GENERATORS
Page 37
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
8. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL. Once the
engine starts, record the AC voltage.
9. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF. Reconnect Wire
11 and Wire 22.
10.Set VOM to DC amperage.
11.Remove jumper lead connected to Wire 4 and Wire 15.
12.Connect one meter test lead to battery positive twelvevolt supply Wire 15, located at the 15A fuse. Connect
the other meter test lead to Wire 4 (still disconnected
from previous tests). Measure and record static rotor
amp draw.
13.Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to the MANUAL position.
Once the engine starts, repeat step 12. Measure and
record running rotor amp draw with the engine running.
14.Set the Auto-Off -Manual switch to OFF. Reconnect
Wire 4 to the voltage regulator.
RESULTS:
Refer to Chart on previous page : “Results - Fixed
Excitation Test/Rotor Amp Draw Test.”.
TEST 5: WIRE CONTINUITY
DISCUSSION:
The voltage regulator receives unregulated
alternating current from the stator excitation winding,
via Wires 2, 6, and 162. It also receives voltage
sensing from the stator AC power windings, via Wires
11 and 22. The regulator rectifies the AC from the
excitation winding and based on the sensing signals,
regulates the DC current flow to the rotor. The
rectified and regulated current flow is delivered to the
rotor brushes via Wires 4 (positive) and 0 (negative).
This test will verify the integrity of Wires 0 and 162.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set VOM to its "R x 1" scale.
2. Remove Wire 0 from the voltage regulator, 4th terminal
from the top. Also voltage regulator is labeled (-) next to
terminal.
AC GENERATORS
RESULTS:
If CONTINUITY was not measured across each wire,
repair or replace the wires as needed.
TEST 6 - CHECK FIELD BOOST
DISCUSSION:
See "Field Boost Circuit" in Section 2.2. Field boost
current (from the circuit board) is available to the rotor
only while the engine is cranking. Loss of field boost
output to the rotor may or may not affect power
winding AC output voltage. The following facts apply:
• A small amount of voltage must be induced into the
DPE winding to turn the voltage regulator on.
• If rotor residual magnetism is sufficient to induce a
voltage into the DPE winding that is high enough to
turn the voltage regulator on, regulator excitation
current will be supplied even if field boost has
failed. Normal AC output voltage will then be
supplied.
• If rotor residual magnetism has been lost or is not
sufficient to turn the regulator on, and field boost
has also been lost, excitation current will not be
supplied to the rotor. Generator AC output voltage
will then drop to zero or nearly zero.
PROCEDURE:
1. Locate Wire 4 that is routed from the circuit board and
connects to the voltage regulator terminal, third from the
top (see Figure 3). Disconnect that wire from the voltage
regulator terminal.
2. Set a VOM to read DC volts. Disconnect Connector C2
from the control panel (C2 is the closest to the back
panel).
3. Connect the positive (+) VOM test probe to the terminal
end of disconnected Wire 4.
4. Connect the common (-) VOM test probe to the
grounding lug.
5. Crank the engine while observing the VOM reading. While
the engine is cranking, the VOM should read
approximately 9-10 volts DC. When engine is not
cranking, VOM should indicate "zero" volts (see Figure 4).
3. Connect one test lead to Wire 0, connect the other test
lead to a clean frame ground. The meter should read
CONTINUITY.
RESULTS:
4. Disconnect Wire 162 from the voltage regulator, 6th
terminal from the top. Disconnect the other end of Wire
162 from the excitation circuit breaker. Connect one
test lead to one end of Wire 162, and the other test lead
to the other end of Wire 162. The meter should read
CONTINUITY.
2. If normal field boost voltage is NOT indicated in Step 5,
check Wire 4 (between regulator and circuit board) for
open or shorted condition. If wire is good, replace the
circuit board.
Page 38
1. If normal field boost voltage is indicated in Step 5,
replace the voltage regulator.
AC GENERATORS
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
4. Make sure all off the disconnected leads are isolated
from each other and are not touching the frame during
the test.
5. Set a VOM to its "R x 1" scale and zero the meter.
6. Refer to Figure 5 for pin locations of Connector C2. Use
a large paper clip or similar metallic object to access
pins in connector C2.
Note: Pins 9, 10, 11 & 12 are not used for this test.
Figure 4. Field Boost Test Points
TEST 7: TESTING THE STATOR WITH A VOM
DISCUSSION:
A Volt-OHM-Milliammmeter (VOM) can be used to
test the stator windings for the following faults:
• An open circuit condition
• A "short-to-ground" condition
• A short circuit between windings
Note: The resistance of stator windings is very
low. Some meters will not read such a low
resistance, and will simply indicate CONTINUITY.
Recommended is a high quality, digital type meter
capable of reading very low resistances.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect stator leads 11 and 44 from the main circuit
breaker.
2. Disconnect stator leads 22 and 33 from the neutral
connection separate the leads.
3. Disconnect Connector C2 from the side of the control
panel (C2 is the closest to the back panel). See Figure
9, page 128 for connector location.
Figure 5. C2
Connector Pin
Locations
(Female Side)
Figure 6. C2
Connector Pin
Locations
(Male Side)
7. Connect one test lead to stator lead Wire 11. Connect
the other test lead to stator lead Wire 22 (power
winding). Note the resistance reading and compare to
the specifications on inside front cover.
8. Connect one test lead to stator lead Wire 33. Connect
the other test lead to stator lead Wire 44 (power
winding). Note the resistance reading and compare to
the specifications on inside front cover.
9. Connect one test lead to Pin 1. Connect the other test
lead to Pin 2 (battery charge winding). Note the
resistance reading, compare to specifications on inside
front cover.
10.Connect one test lead to Pin 3. Connect the other test
lead to Pin 4 (engine run winding). Note the resistance
reading, compare to specification inside front cover.
11.Connect one test lead to Pin 5. Connect the other test
lead to Pin 6 (power winding-sense leads). Note the
resistance reading, compare to specification inside front
cover.
12.Connect on test lead to Pin 7. Connect the other test
lead to Pin 8 (excitation winding). Note the resistance
reading, compare to specification inside front cover.
Page 39
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST WINDINGS FOR A SHORT TO GROUND:
13.Make sure all leads are isolated from each other and are
not touching the frame.
14.Set a VOM to its "R x 10,000" or "R x 1K" scale and zero
the meter
15.Connect one test lead to a clean frame ground.
Connect the other test lead to stator lead Wire 11.
a. The meter should read INFINITY
b. Any reading other than INFINITY indicates a
"short-to-ground" condition.
16. Repeat Step 15 using stator lead Wire 33.
17. Repeat Step 15 using Pin 1.
18. Repeat Step 15 using Pin 3
19. Repeat Step 15 using Pin 5
20. Repeat Step 15 using Pin 7
AC GENERATORS
connector, connect the other test lead to Wire 11 at the
voltage regulator. Continuity should be measured.
35. Connect one meter test lead to Pin 7 of the C2
connector, connect the other test lead to Wire 6 at the
voltage regulator. Continuity should be measured.
36. Connect one meter test lead to Pin 8 of the C2
connector, connect the other test lead to Wire 2 at CB2
(DPE circuit breaker). Continuity should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. Stator winding resistance values is a test of winding
continuity and resistance. If a very high resistance or
INFINITY is indicated, the winding is open or partially
open.
2. Testing for a "grounded" condition: Any upscale
movement of the meter needle or dial indicates the
winding is grounded.
21. Set a VOM to its "R x 10,000" or "R x 1K" scale and
zero the meter.
3. Testing for a "shor ted" condition: Any upscale
movement of the VOM needle or dial indicates the
winding is shorted.
22. Connect one test lead to stator lead Wire 11. Connect
the other test lead to stator lead Wire 33.
4. If the stator tests good and wire continuity tests good ,
perform “Insulation Resistance Test” in Section 1.4.
a. The meter should read infinity.
b. Any reading other than INFINITY indicates a
short circuit between windngs.
5. If any test of wire continuity failed in control panel failed,
repair or replace the wire, terminal or pin connectors for
that associated wire as needed.
TEST FOR A SHORT CIRCUIT BETWEEN WINDINGS:
23. Repeat Step 22 using stator lead Wire 11; Pin 1
24. Repeat Step 22 using stator lead Wire 11; Pin 3
25 Repeat Step 22 using stator lead Wire 11; Pin 7
26. Repeat Step 22 using stator lead Wire 33; Pin 1
27. Repeat Step 22 using stator lead Wire 33; Pin 3
28. Repeat Step 22 using stator lead Wire 33; Pin 7
29. Repeat Step 22 using Pin 1; Pin 3
30. Repeat Step 22 using Pin 1; Pin 7
31. Repeat Step 22 using Pin 3; Pin 7
TEST CONTROL PANEL WIRES FOR CONTINUITY:
32.Set a VOM to its "Rx1" scale.
33.Disconnect the C2 connector from the control panel. (C2
is the closest to the back panel). Refer to Figure 6 for
pin locations.
33.Connect one meter test lead to Pin 5 of the C2
connector, connect the other test lead to Wire 22 at the
voltage regulator. Continuity should be measured.
34. Connect one meter test lead to Pin 6 of the C2
Page 40
NOTE: Read section 1.4, "Testing, Cleaning and
Drying" carefully. If the winding tests good,
perform an insulation resistance test. If the
winding fails the insulation resistance test, clean
and dry the stator as outlined in Section 1.4.
Then, repeat the insulation resistance test. If the
winding fails the second resistance test (after
cleaning and
drying), replace the stator
assembly.
TEST 8 - RESISTANCE CHECK
OF ROTOR CIRCUIT
DISCUSSION:
To verify the zero current draw reading and measure
the rotor circuit.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Wire 4 from the voltage regulator. It is
located 3rd terminal from the top of the volt regulator.
2. Set VOM to the "Rx1" scale.
3. Connect one test lead to Wire 4. Connect the other test
lead to a clean frame ground. Note the resistance
reading. Compare to specifications on inside front
cover.
AC GENERATORS
PART 2
RESULTS:
1. If the resistance reading is correct, check your VOM
meters fuse and repeat Test 4.
2. If INFINITY is measured on your VOM meter, go to
Test 9.
TEST 9 - CHECK BRUSHES
AND SLIP RINGS
DISCUSSION:
The function of the brushes and slip rings is to
provide for passage of excitation current from
stationary components to the rotating rotor. Brushes
are made of a special long lasting material and
seldom wear out or fail. However, slip rings can
develop a tarnish or film that can inhibit or offer a
resistance to the flow of electricity. Such a nonconducting film usually develops during non-operating
periods. Broken or disconnected wiring can also
cause loss of excitation current to the rotor.
SECTION 2.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Pin 9 of the C2 connector. Test this wire for an open
condition. Remove wire 0 from the brush assembly.
Connect one meter test lead to wire 0. Connect the
other test lead to Pin 9 (wire 0) of the C2 connector (
female side). CONTINUITY should be measured. If
INFINITY is measured repair or replace wire 0 between
the brush assembly and the C2 connector.
6. Wire 4 from the positive (+) brush terminal connects to
Pin 10 of the C2 connector.Test this wire for an open
condition. Remove wire 4 from the brush assembly.
Connect one meter test lead to Wire 4. Connect the
other meter test lead to Pin 10 (wire 0) of the C2
connector (female side). CONTINUITY should be
measured. If INFINITY is measured repair or replace
wire 4 between the brush assembly and the C2
connector.
7. Connect one meter test lead to wire 4 Connect the other
meter test lead to frame ground. INFINITY should be
measured. If CONTINUITY is measured a short to
ground exists on wire 4 repair or replace wire 4 between
the brush assembly and the C2 connector.
8. If continuity was measured in steps 5 and 6 proceed to
step 9.
9. Disconnect wires 0 and 4 from the brush assembly.
Remove the brush assembly from the bearing carrier.
Inspect the brushes for excessive wear,damage.
10.Inspect the rotor slip rings. If they appear dull or
tarnished, they may be polished with a fine sandpaper.
DO NOT USE METALLIC GRIT TO POLISH SLIP
RINGS.
Figure 7. Checking Brushes and Slip Rings
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect connector C2 (deutsch connector closest to
the back panel). Refer to Figure 5 and Figure 6 in
Section 2.4.
2. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
3. Connect one meter test lead to Pin 9 (Wire 0) of the C2
connector (female side). Connect the other meter test
lead to Pin 10 (Wire 4) of the C2 connector (female
side). Rotor resistance should be measured see
specifications on inside front cover. If rotor resistance is
not measured proceed to step 4. If rotor resistance is
measured proceed to step 12.
4. See figure 7. Carefully inspect brush wires; make sure
they are properly and securely connected.
11.If brush assembly and slip rings look good proceed to
Test 10 ( Test Rotor assembly)
12.Wire 0 connects from the C2 connector to the control
panel ground lug. Connect one meter test lead to Pin 9
(Wire 0) of the C2 connector (male side). Connect the
other meter test lead to the ground terminal in the
control panel. CONTINUITY should be measured. If
INFINITY is measured repair or replace wire 0 between
the C2 connector and the ground terminal.
13.Remove wire 4 from the voltage regulator.
14.Connect one meter test lead to Pin 10 (wire 4) of the C2
connector (male side). Connect the other meter test
lead to Wire 4 removed from the Voltage regulator.
CONTINUITY should be measured. If INFINITY is
measured repair or replace wire 4 between the C2
connector and the voltage regulator.
5. Wire 0 from the negative (-) brush terminal connects to
Page 41
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
AC GENERATORS
TEST 11 - CHECK AC OUTPUT FREQUENCY
RESULTS:
1. Repair, replace or reconnect wires as necessary.
2. Replace any damaged slip rings or brush holder.
3. Clean and polish slip rings as required.
TEST 10 - TEST ROTOR ASSEMBLY
DISCUSSION:
A rotor having completely open windings will cause
loss of excitation current flow and, as a result,
generator AC output voltage will drop to "residual"
voltage. A "shorted" rotor winding can result in a low
voltage condition.
PROCEDURE:
DISCUSSION:
The generator AC frequency is proportional to the
operating speed of the rotor. The 2-pole rotor will
supply a 60 Hertz AC frequency at 3600 rpm. The
unit's AC output voltage is proportional to the AC
frequency. For example, a unit rated 240 volts (lineto-line) will supply that rated voltage (plus or minus 2
percent) at a frequency of 60 Hertz. If, for any reason,
the frequency should drop to 30 Hertz, the line-to-line
voltage will drop to a matching voltage of 120 volts
AC. Thus, if the AC voltage output is high or low and
the AC frequency is correspondingly high or low, the
engine speed governor may require adjustment.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect the brush wires or remove the brush holder,
to prevent interaction.
1. Connect an accurate AC frequency meter across the
Wires 11 and 44 terminals of the generator main line
circuit breaker (see Figure 1, Section 2.4).
2. Set a VOM to its "R x 1" scale and zero the meter.
2. Start the engine, let it stabilize and warm up at no-load.
3. Connect the positive (+) VOM test lead to the positive
(+) rotor slip ring (nearest the rotor bearing); and the
common (-) test lead to the negative (-) slip ring. The
meter should read approximately 10-20 ohms. Compare
to “Specifications,” inside front cover.
3. When engine has stabilized, read the frequency meter.
The no-load frequency should be about 61-63 Hertz.
4. Now, set the VOM to a high resistance scale (such as "R
x 10,000" or "R x 1K"). Again, zero the meter.
2. If frequency is good, but voltage is high or low, go to Test
13.
5. Connect the positive (+) VOM test lead to the positive
(+) slip ring and the common (-) test lead to a clean
frame ground. The meter should indicate infinity.
3. If frequency and voltage are both good, tests may be
discontinued.
RESULTS:
1. Replace rotor assembly if it is open or shorted.
2. If rotor tests good, perform “Insulation Resistance Test”
in Section 1.4.
NOTE: Be sure to read Section 1.4, "Testing,
Cleaning and Drying", carefully. If the rotor tests
good, try performing an insulation resistance test.
Clean and dry the rotor if it fails that test. Then,
repeat the test. If the rotor fails the second
insulation resistance test, it should be replaced.
RESULTS:
1. If the AC frequency is high or low, go on to Test 12.
TEST 12 - CHECK AND ADJUST ENGINE
GOVERNOR
DISCUSSION:
The generator AC frequency output is directly
proportional to the speed of the rotor. A two-pole rotor
(having a single north and a single south magnetic
pole) will produce an AC frequency of 60 hertz at
3600 RPM.
The generator is equipped with a "voltage over
frequency" type AC voltage regulator. The units AC
output voltage is
generally proportional to AC frequency. A low or high
governor speed will result in a correspondingly low or
high AC frequency and voltage output. The governed
speed must be adjusted before any attempt to adjust
the voltage regulator is made.
PROCEDURE (7KW UNITS):
1. Loosen the governor clamp bolt (Figure 9).
Figure 8. The Rotor Assembly
Page 42
2. Hold the governor lever at its wide open throttle position,
and rotate the governor shaft clockwise as far as it will
go. Then, tighten the governor lever clamp bolt to 70
inch-pounds (8 N-m).
AC GENERATORS
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. Start the generator; let it stabilize and warm up at noload.
4. Connect a frequency meter across the generators AC
output leads.
5. Turn the primary adjust screw to obtain a frequency
reading of 61.5 Hertz. Turn the secondary adjust screw
to obtain a frequency of 62.5 Hz.
6. When frequency is correct at no load, check the AC
voltage reading. If voltage is incorrect, the voltage
regulator may require adjustment.
3. With governor arm at wide open throttle position, rotate
governor shaft fully clockwise. Tighten clamp bolt to 84
inch-pounds.
4. Start unit and apply full load. Use full load speed adjust
screw (Figure 11) to adjust frequency to 58 Hz.
5. Remove load, stop engine, loosen the idle adjust screw
and reconnect the idle spring.
6. Using your hand, push the governor arm to the closed
throttle position. Make sure the idle spring does not
stretch at all.
7. Restart the unit.
SECONDARY
ADJUST SCREW
GOVERNOR
SHAFT
8. Slowly turn the idle adjust screw to adjust the no-load
idle speed to 62.5 Hz.
9. The governor is now set.
GOVERNOR
CLAMP
BOLT
PRIMARY
ADJUST
SCREW
Figure 9. Engine Governor Adjustment Single
Cylinder Engines
Figure 11. Full Load Speed Adjust
Screw V-twin Engines
RESULTS:
1. If, after adjusting the engine governor, frequency and
voltage are good, tests may be discontinued.
2. If frequency is now good, but voltage is high or low, go to
Test 13.
Figure 10. Engine Governor Adjustment
V-twin Engines
PROCEDURE (12/15 KW UNITS):
1. Loosen governor clamp bolt (See Figure 10).
3. If engine was overspeeding, check linkage and throttle
for binding. If no governor response is indicated refer to
engine service manual.
4. If engine appears to run rough and results in low
frequency, proceed to Problem 11, Section 4.3.
2. Completely remove the idle spring.
Page 43
SECTION 2.4
PART 2
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 13 - CHECK AND ADJUST
VOLTAGE REGULATOR
DISCUSSION:
For additional information, refer to description and
components Section 2.1.
PROCEDURE:
With the frequency between 61-62 Hertz, slowly turn
the slotted potentiometer (Figure 12) until line voltage
reads 244-252 volts.
NOTE: You must remove the access panel on top
of the control panel to adjust the voltage
regulator.
NOTE: The voltage regulator is housed above the
generator control panel. The regulator maintains a
voltage in direct proportion to frequency at a 2-to1 ratio. For example, at 62 Hertz, line-to-neutral
voltage will be 124 volts.
AC GENERATORS
voltmeter across the stator AC power winding leads.
2. Start the engine, let it stabilize and warm-up.
3. Apply electrical loads to the generator equal to the rated
capacity of the unit.
4. Check the AC frequency and voltage. Frequency should
not drop below approximately 58-59 Hertz. Voltage
should not drop below about 230 volts (plus or minus 2
percent).
RESULTS:
1. If frequency and voltage drop excessively under load, go
to Test 15.
2. If frequency and voltage under load are good,
discontinue tests.
TEST 15 - CHECK FOR OVERLOAD
CONDITION
DISCUSSION:
An "overload' condition is one in which the generator
rated wattage/amperage capacity has been
exceeded. To test for an overload condition on an
installed unit, the best method is to use an ammeter.
See "Measuring Current" in Section 1.4.
PROCEDURE:
Use a clamp-on ammeter to measure load current
draw, with the generator running and all normal
electrical loads turned on.
Figure 12. Voltage Adjustment Potentiometer
RESULTS:
RESULTS:
1. If the unit is overloaded, reduce loads to the unit's rated
capacity.
1. If the frequency and voltage are now good, discontinue
tests.
2. If unit is not overloaded, but rpm and frequency drop
excessively when loads are applied, go to Test 16.
2. If frequency is now good but voltage is high or low, go to
Problem 1, Test 4.
TEST 16 - CHECK ENGINE CONDITION
TEST 14 - CHECK VOLTAGE AND
FREQUENCY UNDER LOAD
DISCUSSION:
It is possible for the generator AC output frequency
and voltage to be good at no-load, but they may drop
excessively when electrical loads are applied. This
condition, in which voltage and frequency drop
excessively when loads are applied, can be caused
by (a) overloading the generator, (b) loss of engine
power, or (c) a shorted condition in the stator
windings or in one or more connected loads.
PROCEDURE:
1. Connect an accurate AC frequency meter and an AC
Page 44
DISCUSSION:
If engine speed and frequency drop excessively
under load, the engine may be under-powered. An
under-powered engine can be the result of a dirty air
cleaner, loss of engine compression, faulty carburetor
settings, incorrect ignition timing, etc.
PROCEDURE:
For engine testing, troubleshooting and repair
procedures refer to Problem 11 in Section 4.3. For
further engine repair information refer to the following
manuals:
• P/N 0C1103 - Service and Repair Manual for Single
Cylinder GN Engines.
• P/N 0E2081 - Service Manual for GTV-990/760 VTwin OHVI Engines.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART 3
“V-TYPE”
PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER
SWITCHES
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
PART
TITLE
3.1
Description and Components
3.2
Operational Analysis
3.3
Troubleshooting Flow Charts
3.4
Diagnostic Tests
SECTION 3.1
DESCRIPTION & COMPONENTS
PART 3
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
GENERAL
ENCLOSURE
The prepackaged, “V-Type” transfer switch is rated
100 amps at 250 volts maximum. It is available in 2pole configuration only and, for that reason, is
useable with 1-phase systems only.
Prepackaged transfer switches do not have an
intelligence system of their own. Instead, automatic
operation of these transfer switches is controlled by a
circuit board housed in the generator control panel.
The standard prepackaged, “V-Type” transfer switch
enclosure is a NEMA 1 type ("NEMA" stands for
"National Electrical Manufacturer's Association").
Based on NEMA Standard 250, the NEMA 1
enclosure may be defined as one that is intended for
indoor use primarily to provide a degree of protection
against contact with the enclosed equipment and
where unusual service conditions do not exist.
The 2-pole transfer mechanism consists of a pair of
moveable LOAD contacts, a pair of stationary
ITEM DESCRIPTION
1
BOX GTS LOAD CENTER
2
COVER, 12 POSITION GTS LOAD CENTER
3
TRANSFER SWITCH HOME STANDBY 100A2P250V
4
SCREW TAPTITE M5-0.8 X 10 BP
5
SCREW TAPTITE 1/4-20 X 5/8 BP
6
LOCK WASHER, SPECIAL-1/4"
7
RELAY PANEL 12VDC DPDT [email protected]
8
BASE, MOUNTING 12 CIRCUIT 125A/240V
9
SCREW TAPTITE M4-0.7X10 BP
10
RIVET POP .156 X .160-.164/#20
11
WASHER FLAT 1/4 ZINC
12
PLUG
13
HARNESS ADAPTER PLATE
14
PANEL-SUB BREAKER BASE
15
TRIM VINYL BLACK 1/8GP
16
WASHER LOCK #10
17
NUT WING M6-1.0
18
HANDLE, TRANSFER SWITCH HOME STANDBY
19
HOLDER CABLE TIE
21
LUG DIS QK NI-S 10X45 DEG BR/T
22
SCREW PPHM #10-32 X 1/4
23
LUG SLDLSS 1/0-#14X9/16 AL/CU
24
BLOCK TERMINAL 20A 5 X 6 X 1100V
25
TIE WRAP 3.9" X .10" NAT'L UL
26
WASHER FLAT #8 ZINC
27
COVER, RELAY & TERM BLOCK
28
WIRE HARNESS,GTS LOAD CENTER (NOT SHOWN FOR CLARITY)
29
FUSE HOLDER
30
ASSEMBLY FUSE 5A X BUSS HLDR73591
31
PCB SUPPORT SNAP-IN 1-3/8"
32
CIRCT BRK 20 X 1 HOM120
33
CIRCT BRK 20 X 2 HOM220
34
CIRCT BRK 15 X 1 HOM115
35
CIRCT BRK 30 X 2 HOM230
36
COVER - HARNESS ENTRY
37
HARNESS, GTS TO EXT CONN BOX
38
WASHER LOCK M4
39
SCREW SW 1/4-20X5/8 N WA JS500
40
SCREW SWAGE 1/4-20 X 1/2 ZINC
41
SCREW PPHM M4-0.7 X 10
42
HARNESS,GTS TO MAIN PANEL
Figure 1. Exploded View of V-Type Prepackaged Transfer Switch
Page 46
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
PART 3
UTILITY contacts, and a pair of stationary STANDBY
contacts. The load contacts can be connected to the
utility contacts by a utility closing coil; or to the
standby contacts by a standby closing coil. In
addition, the load contacts can be actuated to either
the UTILITY or STANDBY side by means of a manual
transfer handle. See Figures 2 and 3.
SECTION 3.1
DESCRIPTION & COMPONENTS
STANDBY CLOSING COIL C2:
Coil C2 is energized by rectified standby source
power, to actuate the load contacts to their "Standby"
source side. Energizing the coil moves the load
contacts to an overcenter position; limit switch action
then opens the circuit and spring force will complete
the transfer action to "Standby". This coil's bridge
rectifier is also sealed in the coil wrappings. Replace
the coil and bridge rectifier as a unit.
LIMIT SWITCHES XA1 AND XB1:
Switches are mechanically actuated by load contacts
movement. When the load contacts are connected to
the utility contacts, limit switch XA1 opens the utility
circuit to utility closing coil C1 and limit switch XB1
closes the standby circuit to standby closing coil C2.
The limit switches "arm" the system for retransfer
back to UTILITY when the load contacts are
connected to the STANDBY side. Conversely, when
the load contacts are connected to the UTILITY side,
the switches "arm" the system for transfer to
STANDBY. An open condition in limit switch XA1 will
prevent retransfer to "Utility". An open switch XB1 will
prevent transfer to STANDBY.
Figure 2. Load Connected to Utility Power Source
Figure 3. Load Connected to Standby Power
Source
UTILITY CLOSING COIL C1:
See Figure 4. This coil is energized by rectified utility
source power, to actuate the load contacts to the
UTILITY power source side. When energized, the coil
will move the main contacts to an "overcenter"
position. A limit switch will then be actuated to open
the circuit and spring force will complete the
retransfer to STANDBY. A bridge rectifier, which
changes the utility source alternating current (AC) to
direct current (DC), is sealed in the coil wrappings. If
coil or bridge rectifier replacement becomes
necessary, the entire coil and bridge assembly should
be replaced.
Figure 4. The "V-Type" Transfer Mechanism
TRANSFER RELAY
Transfer relay operation is controlled by a circuit
board. That circuit board is a part of a control panel
assembly, mounted on the standby generator set.
Figure 5 shows the transfer relay pictorially and
schematically. Relay operation may be briefly
described as follows:
1. Generator battery voltage (12 volts DC) is available to
the transfer relay coil from the generator circuit board,
via Wire 194 and relay terminal A.
Page 47
SECTION 3.1
DESCRIPTION & COMPONENTS
a. The 12 volts DC circuit is completed through the
transfer relay coil and back to the generator
circuit board, via Wire 23.
b. Circuit board action normally holds the Wire 23
circuit open to ground and the relay is deenergized.
c. When de-energized, the relay's normally open
contacts are open and its normally-closed
contacts are closed.
d. The normally-closed relay contacts will deliver
utility source power to the utility closing circuit of
the transfer mechanism.
e. The normally open relay contacts will deliver
standby source power to the transfer
mechanism's standby closing circuit.
PART 3
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
a. The transfer relay will de-energize, its normallyclosed contacts will close and its normally open
contacts will open.
b. When the normally-closed relay contacts close,
utility source voltage is delivered to the utility
closing coil to energize that coil.
c. Retransfer back to UTILITY occurs.
NEUTRAL LUG
The standby generator is equipped with an
UNGROUNDED neutral. The neutral lug in the
transfer switch is isolated from the switch enclosure.
MANUAL TRANSFER HANDLE
The manual transfer handle is retained in the transfer
switch enclosure by means of a wing stud. Use the
handle to manually actuate the transfer mechanism
load contacts to either the UTILITY or STANDBY
source side.
Instructions on use of the manual transfer handle may
be found in Part 5, "Operational Tests and
Adjustments".
TERMINAL BLOCK
During system installation, this 5-point terminal block
must be properly interconnected with an identically
labeled terminal block in the generator control panel
assembly.
Figure 5. Transfer Relay Schematic
2. During automatic system operation, when the generator
circuit board "senses" that utility source voltage has
dropped out, the circuit board will initiate engine
cranking and startup.
3. When the circuit board "senses" that the engine has
started, an "engine warm-up timer" on the circuit board
starts timing.
4. When the "engine warm-up timer" has timed out, circuit
board action completes the Wire 23 circuit to ground.
a. The transfer relay then energizes.
b. The relay's normally-closed contacts open and
its normally open contacts close.
c. When the normally open contacts close,
standby source power is delivered to the
standby closing coil and transfer to "Standby"
occurs.
5. When the generator circuit board "senses" that utility
source voltage has been restored above a preset level,
the board will open the Wire 23 circuit to ground.
Page 48
Figure 6. Transfer Switch Terminal Block
Terminals used on the terminal block are identified as
Utility 1 and 2; 23 and 194.
UTILITY 1 AND 2:
Interconnect with identically labeled terminals in the
generator control panel assembly. This is the utility
voltage signal to the circuit board. The signal is
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
PART 3
delivered to a step-down transformer in the control
module assembly and the resultant reduced voltage is
then delivered to the circuit board. Utility 1 and 2
power is used by the circuit board as follows:
• If utility source voltage should drop below a preset
level, circuit board action will initiate automatic
cranking and startup, followed by automatic transfer
to the standby source.
• Utility source voltage is used to operate a battery
trickle charge circuit which helps to maintain battery
state of charge during non-operating periods.
SECTION 3.1
DESCRIPTION & COMPONENTS
FUSE HOLDER
The fuse holder holds two (2) fuses, designated as
fuses F1 and F2. Each fuse is rated 5 amperes.
FUSES F1, F2:
These two fuses protect the terminal board UTILITY 1
and 2 circuit against overload.
TERMINALS 23 AND 194:
These terminals connect the transfer relay to the
generator circuit board. See "Transfer Relay" in
Section 3.1.
Figure 7. The Fuse Holder
Page 49
SECTION 3.2
PART 3
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
Figure 1 is a schematic and wiring diagram for a typical “V-Type” transfer switch.
Figure 1. Wiring Diagram and Schematic
Page 50
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
PART 3
SECTION 3.2
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
UTILITY SOURCE VOLTAGE AVAILABLE
Figure 2 is a schematic representation of the transfer switch with utility source power available. The circuit
condition may be briefly described as follows:
• Utility source voltage is available to terminal lugs N1 and N2 of the transfer mechanism, transfer switch is in the
UTILITY position and source voltage is available to T1, T2 and customer load.
• Utility source voltage is available to limit switch (XA1) via the normally-closed transfer relay contacts (1 and 7)
and Wire 126. However, XA1 is open and the Circuit to the utility closing coil is open.
• Utility voltage "sensing" signals are delivered to a circuit board on the generator, via Wire N1A, a 5 amp fuse
(F1), transfer switch terminal N1, generator terminal N1 and a sensing transformer. The second line of the utility
voltage "sensing" circuit is via Wire N2A, a 5 amp Fuse (F2), transfer switch terminal N2, generator terminal
N2, and the sensing transformer.
Figure 2. Utility Source Power Available
Page 51
SECTION 3.2
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
PART 3
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
UTILITY SOURCE VOLTAGE FAILURE
If utility source voltage should drop below a preset value, the generator circuit board will sense the dropout. That
circuit board will then initiate generator cranking and startup after a time delay circuit times out.
Figure 3 is a schematic representation of the transfer switch with generator power available, waiting to transfer.
• Generator voltage available E1, E2.
• Circuit board action holding Wire 23 open to ground.
• Power available to standby coil C2, upon closure of TR, normally open contacts (9 & 6) will close and initiate a
transfer.
Figure 3. Generator Power Available, Waiting to Transfer.
Page 52
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
SECTION 3.2
PART 3
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
TRANSFER TO STANDBY
The generator circuit board delivers 12 volts DC to the transfer relay, via terminal 194 and back to the circuit
board via terminal 23. However, circuit board action holds the Wire 23 circuit open and the transfer relay remains
de-energized. On generator startup, an "engine warm-up timer" on the generator circuit board starts timing. When
that timer has timed out, circuit board action completes the Wire 23 circuit to ground. The transfer relay then
energizes, its normally open contacts close, and standby source voltage is delivered to the standby closing coil
via Wires E1 and E2, the transfer relay (TR) contacts, limit switch (XB1), Wire "B". and a bridge rectifier. The
standby closing coil energizes and the main contacts actuate to their "Standby" side.
Figure 4. Transfer Action to Standby Position
Page 53
SECTION 3.2
PART 3
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
TRANSFER TO STANDBY
When the standby coil is energized it pulls the transfer switch mechanism to a overcenter position towards the
standby power source side, the transfer switch mechanically snaps to the standby position. On closure of the
main contacts to the standby power source side, limit switches XA1 and XB1 are mechanically actuated to "arm"
the circuit for re- transfer to utility power source side.
Generator power from E1 and E2 is now connected to the customer load through T1 and T2.
Figure 5. Generator Powering Load.
Page 54
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
SECTION 3.2
PART 3
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
UTILITY RESTORED
Utility voltage is restored and is available to terminals N1 and N2. The utility voltage is sensed by the generators
circuit board. If it is above a preset value for a preset time interval a transfer back to utility power will occur.
Figure 6. Utility Restored, Generator Still Providing Output to Load.
Page 55
SECTION 3.2
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
PART 3
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
UTILITY RESTORED, TRANSFER SWITCH DE-ENERGIZED
After the preset time interval expires the circuit board will open the Wire 23 circuit to ground. The transfer relay
de-energizes, it's normally closed contacts close, and utility source voltage is delivered to the utility closing coil
(C1), via Wires N1A and N2A, closed Transfer Relay Contacts 1 and 7, and Limit Switch XA1.
Figure 7. Utility Restored, Transfer Relay De-energized.
Page 56
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
PART 3
SECTION 3.2
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
UTILITY RESTORED, RETRANSFER BACK TO UTILITY
As the utility coil pulls the transfer switch to an OVER CENTER position, the switch mechanically snaps to Utility.
On closure of the main contacts to the utility power source side, Limit Switches XA1 and XB1 are mechanically
actuated to “arm” the circuit for transfer to standby.
Figure 8. Utility Restored, Retransfer Back to Utility.
Page 57
SECTION 3.2
PART 3
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
TRANSFER SWITCH IN UTILITY
When the transfer switch returns to the utility side, generator shutdown occurs after approximately one (1)
minute.
Figure 9. Transfer Switch in Utility.
Page 58
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
PART 3
SECTION 3.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
INTRODUCTION TO TROUBLESHOOTING
The first step in troubleshooting is to correctly identify the problem. Once that is done, the cause of the problem
can be found by performing the tests in the appropriate flow chart.
Test numbers assigned in the flow charts are identical to test numbers in section 3.4, “Diagnostic Tests.” Section
3.4 provides detailed instructions for performance of each test.
Page 59
SECTION 3.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
Page 60
PART 3
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
SECTION 3.4
PART 3
GENERAL
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
PROCEDURE:
Test numbers in this section correspond to the
numbered tests in Section 3.3, "Troubleshooting Flow
Charts". When troubleshooting, first identify the
problem. Then, perform the diagnostic tests in the
sequence given in the flow charts.
TEST 21- CHECK VOLTAGE AT TERMINAL
LUGS E1, E2
DISCUSSION:
In automatic mode, the standby closing coil (C2) must
be energized by standby generator output if transfer
to the "Standby" source is to occur. Transfer to
"Standby" cannot occur unless that power supply is
available to the transfer switch.
DANGER: BE CAREFUL! HIGH AND
DANGEROUS VOLTAGES ARE PRESENT AT
TERMINAL LUGS E1 AND E2 WHEN THE
GENERATOR IS RUNNING. AVOID CONTACT
WITH HIGH VOLTAGE TERMINALS OR
DANGEROUS AND POSSIBLY LETHAL
ELECTRICAL SHOCK MAY RESULT. DO NOT
PERFORM THIS VOLTAGE TEST WHILE
STANDING ON WET OR DAMP GROUND,
WHILE BAREFOOT, OR WHILE HANDS OR
FEET ARE WET.
1. If the generator engine has started automatically (due to
a utility power source outage) and is running, check the
position of the generator main circuit breaker. The circuit
breaker must be set to its "On" or "Closed" position.
When you are sure the generator main circuit breaker is
set to "On" or 'Closed", check the voltage at transfer
mechanism terminal lugs E1 and E2 with an accurate
AC voltmeter or with an accurate volt-ohm-milliammeter
(VOM). The generator line-to line voltage should be
indicated.
2. If the generator has been shut down, proceed as follows:
a. On the generator control panel, set the AutoOff-Manual switch to OFF.
b. Turn OFF all power voltage supplies to the
transfer switch. Both the utility and standby
power supplies must be positively turned off
before proceeding.
c. Check the position of the transfer mechanism
main contacts. The moveable LOAD contacts
must be connected to the stationary UTILITY
source contacts. If necessary, manually actuate
the main contacts to the "Utility" power source
side.
d. Actuate the generator main line circuit breaker
to its "On" or "Closed" position. The utility power
supply to the transfer switch must be turned
OFF.
Figure 1. The “V-Type” Transfer Mechanism
Page 61
SECTION 3.4
PART 3
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
e. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to
AUTO.
(1) The generator should crank and start.
(2) When the generator starts, an "engine
warm-up timer" should start timing. After
about 15 seconds, the transfer relay should
energize and transfer to the "Standby"
source should occur.
f. If transfer to "Standby" does NOT occur, check the
voltage across transfer switch terminal lugs E1 and E2.
The generator line-to-line voltage should be indicated.
RESULTS:
1. If normal transfer to "Standby" occurs, discontinue tests.
2. If transfer to "Standby" does NOT occur and no voltage
is indicated across terminal lugs E1/E2, determine why
generator AC output has failed.
3. If transfer to "Standby" does NOT occur and voltage
reading across terminal lugs E1/E2 is good, go on to
Test 22.
TEST 22 - CHECK VOLTAGE AT STANDBY
CLOSING COIL C2
DISCUSSION:
Standby source voltage is used to energize the
standby closing coil and actuate the main contacts to
their "Standby" source side. Standby source
alternating current (AC) is changed to direct current
(DC) by a bridge rectifier before reaching the closing
coil. This test will determine if standby voltage is
available to the closing coil.
If normal standby source voltage is available to the
terminals of the standby closing coil but transfer to
"Standby" does not occur, look for (a) binding or
sticking in the transfer mechanism, (b) a defective
coil, or (c) a bad bridge rectifier. The coil and the
bridge rectifier must be replaced as a unit.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the generator main line circuit breaker to the OFF or
“Open” position.
2. Set the generators Auto-Off-Manual switch to the OFF
position.
3. Set your VOM to measure AC voltage.
DANGER: BE CAREFUL! HIGH AND
DANGEROUS VOLTAGES ARE PRESENT AT
TERMINAL LUGS WHEN THE GENERATOR IS
RUNNING. AVOID CONTACT WITH HIGH
VOLTAGE TERMINALS OR DANGEROUS
AND POSSIBLY LETHAL ELECTRICAL
Page 62
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
SHOCK MAY RESULT. DO NOT PERFORM
THIS VOLTAGE TEST WHILE STANDING ON
WET OR DAMP GROUND, WHILE
BAREFOOT, OR WHILE HANDS OR FEET
ARE WET.
4. Disconnect Wire E2 from the standby closing coil (C2).
Connect one meter test Lead to Wire E2. Use a suitable
and safe connection to this wire, such as an alligator clip
that attaches to the meter test probe. Isolate this wire
and test probe from any other potential source or
ground.
5. If necessary, repeat Step 2 under "Procedure" of Test
21. The system must be in automatic operating mode,
with engine running, and standby source voltage
available to terminal lugs E1 and E2.
6. Locate on the standby closing coil the terminal that Wire
B is connected to. (Figure 1, previous page). Connect
the other meter test lead to this terminal. Generator line
to line voltage should be indicated. If generator voltage
is not indicated, proceed to Step 7.
7. With Wire E2 still connected to one test probe, connect
the other meter test lead to Wire 205 on Limit Switch
XB1(see Figure 1 on previous page). Generator line to
line voltage should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. If generator line-to-line voltage is indicated in
“Procedure, Step 6,” but transfer does NOT occur,
proceed to Test 24.
2. If generator line-to-line voltage is NOT indicated in
“Procedure, Step 7,” proceed to Test 33.
3. If generator line-to-line voltage is indicated in
“Procedure, Step 7,” proceed to Test 25.
TEST 23 - TEST TRANSFER RELAY TR
DISCUSSION:
In automatic operating mode, the transfer relay must
be energized by circuit board action or standby
source power will not be available to the standby
closing coil. Without standby source power, the
closing coil will remain de-energized and transfer to
"Standby" will not occur. This test will determine if the
transfer relay is functioning normally.
PROCEDURE:
1. See Figure 2. Disconnect all wires from the transfer
relay, to prevent interaction.
2. Set a VOM to its "R x 1" scale and zero the meter.
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
SECTION 3.4
PART 3
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. Connect the VOM test leads across Relay Terminals 6
and 9 with the relay de-energized. The VOM should
read infinity.
a. Energize the relay and the meter should
indicate infinity.
b. De-energize the relay and the VOM should read
CONTINUITY.
RESULTS:
1. Replace transfer relay if it is defective.
2. If transfer relay checks good go to Test 26.
4. Using jumper wires, connect the positive (+) post of a 12
volt battery to relay Terminal “A” and the negative (-)
battery post to Relay Terminal "B". The relay should
energize and the VOM should read CONTINUITY.
126
205
E1
N1A
23
194
Figure 2. Transfer Relay Test Points
5. Now, connect the VOM test leads across Relay
Terminals 1 and 7.
TEST 24- CHECK MANUAL TRANSFER
SWITCH OPERATION
DISCUSSION:
In automatic operating mode, when utility source
voltage drops below a preset level, the engine should
crank and start. On engine startup, an "engine warmup timer" on the generator circuit board should start
timing. When that timer has timed out (about 15
seconds), the transfer relay should energize to deliver
utility source power to the standby closing coil
terminals. If normal utility source voltage is available
to the standby closing coil terminals, but transfer to
Standby does not occur, the cause of the failure may
be (a) a failed standby closing coil and/or bridge
rectifier, or (b) a seized or sticking actuating coil or
load contact. This test will help you evaluate whether
any sticking or binding is present in the transfer
mechanism.
PROCEDURE:
1. With the generator shut down, set the generator AutoOff-Manual switch to OFF.
2. Set the generator main circuit breaker to OFF or "Open".
3. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
Figure 3. Manual Transfer Switch Operation
Page 63
SECTION 3.4
PART 3
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
using whatever means provided (such as a utility source
main line breaker).
DANGER: DO NOT ATTEMPT MANUAL
TRANSFER SWITCH OPERATION UNTIL ALL
POWER VOLTAGE SUPPLIES TO THE
SWITCH HAVE BEEN POSITIVELY TURNED
OFF. FAILURE TO TURN OFF ALL POWER
VOLTAGE SUPPLIES MAY RESULT IN
EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS AND POSSIBLY
LETHAL ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
4. In the transfer switch enclosure, locate the manual
transfer handle. Handle is retained in the enclosure with
a wing nut. Remove the wing nut and handle.
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
PROCEDURE:
With the generator shut down, the generator main
circuit breaker turned OFF, and with the utility power
supply to the transfer switch turned OFF, test limit
switch XB1 as follows:
1. To prevent interaction, disconnect Wire 205 and Wire B
from the limit switch terminals.
2. Set a VOM to its "R x 1" scale and zero the meter.
3. See Figure 1. Connect the VOM test probes across the
two outer terminals from which the wires were
disconnected.
4. Manually actuate the main contacts to their "Standby"
position. The meter should read infinity.
5. See Figure 3. Insert the un-insulated end of the handle
over the transfer switch operating lever.
5. Manually actuate the main contacts to their Utility
position. The meter should read CONTINUITY.
a. Move the transfer switch operating lever up to
actuate the load contacts to the Utility position,
i.e., load connected to the utility source.
b. Actuate the operating lever down to move the
load contacts against the standby contacts, i.e.,
load connected to the Standby source.
6. Repeat Steps 4 and 5 several times and verify the VOM
reading at each switch position.
6. Repeat Step 5 several times. As the transfer switch
operating lever is moved slight force should be needed
until the lever reaches its center position. As the lever
moves past its center position, an over-center spring
should snap the moveable load contacts against the
stationary Standby or Utility contacts.
7. Finally, actuate the main contacts to their Utility power
source side, i.e., load contacts against the Utility
contacts (upward movement of the operating lever).
RESULTS:
1. If there is no evidence of binding, sticking, excessive
force required, replace the appropriate closing coil.
2. If evidence of sticking, binding, excessive force required
to move main contacts, find cause of binding or sticking
and repair or replace damaged part(s).
RESULTS:
1. If Limit Switch XB1 fails the test, remove and replace the
switch or adjust switch until it is actuated properly.
2. If limit switch is good, repair or replace Wire B between
limit switch and Standby Coil (C2).
TEST 26 - CHECK 23 AND 194
WIRING/CONNECTIONS
DISCUSSION:
An open circuit in the transfer switch control wiring
can prevent a transfer action from occurring. In the
auto mode, the circuit board supplies +12 VDC to
Wire 194. This DC voltage is supplied to the transfer
relay (TR) at Terminal Location “A”. The opposite
side of the transfer relay (TR) coil (Terminal B) is
connected to Wire 23. Positive 12VDC is present on
this also. Circuit board action will allow current to flow
through the circuit and the (TR) is energized.
PROCEDURE/RESULTS:
1. Set VOM to DC volts
TEST 25- TEST LIMIT SWITCH XB1
DISCUSSION:
Standby power source voltage must be available to
the standby closing coil in order for a transfer to
standby action to occur. To deliver that source
voltage to the coil, limit switch XB1 must be closed to
the "Standby" power source side. If the limit switch
did not get actuated or has failed open, the source
voltage will not be available to the closing coil and
transfer to "Standby" will not occur.
Page 64
2. Place generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to the AUTO
position. Utility power should be present; the generator
should not start.
3. Connect the negative (-) test lead to a suitable frame
ground in the transfer switch.
4. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 194 at the
terminal strip in the transfer switch.
a. If voltage is present, proceed to Step 5.
b. If voltage is not present, proceed to Step 9.
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
SECTION 3.4
PART 3
5. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 23 at the
terminal strip in the transfer switch.
a. If voltage is present, proceed to Step 6.
b. If voltage is not present, repair wiring between
terminal strip and transfer relay (TR).
6. Connect the negative (-) test lead to the ground lug in
the generator control panel. Connect the positive (+)
test lead to Wire 23 in the generator control panel at the
interconnection terminals (ICT) or at the terminal strip.
a. If voltage is present, proceed to Step 7.
b. If voltage is not present, repair wiring between
transfer switch and generator control panel.
7. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 23 located in
the J1 connector Pin Location 3, connected to the circuit
board (see Figure 3, Section 4.1).
a. If voltage is present, proceed to Step 8.
b. If voltage is not present, repair wiring between
(ICT and J1connector).
8. Turn off utility power to transfer switch, simulating a
utility failure.
a. Generator starts and transfer occurs,
discontinue tests.
b. Generator starts and transfer does not occur.
With the generator running and utility off, ground
Wire 23 in the control panel at interconnection
terminals (ICT) or at the terminal strip. If
transfer occurs replace circuit board.
9. Connect the negative (-) test lead to the ground lug in
the generator control panel. Connect the positive (+)
test lead to Wire 194 in the generator control panel at
the interconnection terminals (ICT) or at the terminal
strip.
a. If the voltage is present, repair wiring between
ICT (or terminal strip) and transfer switch
b. If voltage is not present, proceed to Step 10.
10.Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 194 located in
the J1 connector Pin Location 4, connected to the circuit
board (see Figure 3, Section 4.1).
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
terminal lugs N1 and N2 of the transfer mechanism.
In addition, If that source voltage is not available to
NI/N2 terminals, automatic startup and transfer to
"Standby" will occur when the generator manual-offauto switch is set to AUTO. This test will prove that
"Utility" voltage is available to those terminals, or is
not available. It is the first test in a series of tests that
should be accomplished when (a) retransfer back to
'Utility" does not occur, or (b) startup and transfer
occurs unnecessarily.
DANGER: PROCEED WITH CAUTION! HIGH
AND DANGEROUS VOLTAGES ARE
PRESENT AT TERMINAL LUGS N1/N2.
CONTACT WITH HIGH VOLTAGE TERMINALS
WILL RESULT IN DANGEROUS AND
POSSIBLY LETHAL ELECTRICAL SHOCK. DO
NOT ATTEMPT THIS TEST WHILE STANDING
ON WET OR DAMP GROUND, WHILE
BAREFOOT, OR WHILE HANDS OR FEET
ARE WET.
PROCEDURE:
1. Make sure that all main line circuit breakers in the utility
line to the transfer switch are “On” or “Closed.”
2. Test for utility source line-to-line voltage across terminal
lugs N1 and N2 (see Figure 1). Normal utility source
voltage should be indicated.
RESULTS:
1. If low or no voltage is indicated, find the cause of the
problem and correct.
2. If normal utility source voltage is indicated, go on to Test
28.
3. For Problem 14 ONLY, if voltage is good, repair or
replace Wire N1A/N2A between Transfer Switch Lugs
N1/N2 and Fuse Holder connections.
TEST 28 - CHECK VOLTAGE AT UTILITY 1 AND
UTILITY 2 TERMINALS
TEST 27- CHECK VOLTAGE AT TERMINAL
LUGS N1, N2
The Utility 1 and Utility 2 terminals in the transfer
switch deliver utility voltage “sensing” to a circuit
board. If voltage at the terminals is zero or low,
standby generator startup and transfer to the
“Standby” source will occur automatically as
controlled by the circuit board. A zero or low voltage
at these terminals will also prevent retransfer back to
the “Utility” source.
DISCUSSION:
If retransfer to the "Utility" power source side is to
occur, utility source voltage must be available to
PROCEDURE:
With utility source voltage available to terminal lugs
N1 and N2, use an AC voltmeter or a VOM to test for
utility source line-to-line voltage across terminal block
a. If voltage is present, repair wiring between J1
connector and ICT (or terminal strip).
b. If voltage is not present, replace circuit board.
Page 65
SECTION 3.4
PART 3
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
“Utility 1” and “Utility 2” terminals. Normal line-to-line
utility source voltage should be indicated.
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
DANGER: BE CAREFUL! HIGH AND
DANGEROUS VOLTAGES ARE PRESENT AT
TERMINAL LUGS WHEN THE GENERATOR IS
RUNNING. AVOID CONTACT WITH HIGH
VOLTAGE TERMINALS OR DANGEROUS
AND POSSIBLY LETHAL ELECTRICAL
SHOCK MAY RESULT. DO NOT PERFORM
THIS VOLTAGE TEST WHILE STANDING ON
WET OR DAMP GROUND, WHILE
BAREFOOT, OR WHILE HANDS OR FEET
ARE WET.
5. Disconnect Wire N2A from the utility closing coil (C1).
Connect one meter test Lead to Wire N2A. Use a
suitable and safe connection to this wire, such as an
alligator clip that attaches to the meter test probe.
Isolate this wire and test probe from any other potential
source or ground.
Figure 4. Transfer Switch Terminal Block
RESULTS:
1. If voltage reading across the "Utility I" and "Utility 2"
terminals is zero, go to Test 30.
2. If voltage reading is good, go to Test 29.
3. For Problem 14 ONLY; if voltage is good, repair N1/N2
open wiring between Transfer Switch and Generator.
TEST 29- CHECK VOLTAGE AT UTILITY
CLOSING COIL C1
DISCUSSION:
Utility source voltage is required to energize utility
closing coil C1 and effect retransfer back to the
"Utility" source. This voltage is delivered to the utility
closing coil via Wires N1A and N2A, the transfer
relay's normally-closed contacts (relay de-energized),
Wire 126, Limit Switch XA1, and a bridge rectifier.
PROCEDURE:
1. On the generator control panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual
switch to OFF.
2. Turn OFF the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using whatever means provided (such as a utility source
main line circuit breaker).
3. Set the generator main line circuit breaker to its OFF or
"Open" position.
4. Check the position of the transfer mechanism main
contacts. The moveable load contacts must be
connected to the stationary utility contacts. If necessary,
manually actuate the main contacts to their "Utility
source side (load connected to the "Utility' source).
Page 66
6. Set the generator main line circuit breaker to its "On" or
"Closed" position.
7. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to AUTO.
a. The generator should crank and start.
b. About 15 seconds after engine startup, the
transfer relay should energize and transfer to
the 'Standby" source should occur.
8. When you are certain that transfer to "Standby" has
occurred, turn ON the utility power supply to the transfer
switch. After a 15 seconds, retransfer back to the
"Utility" source should occur.
9. Locate on the utility closing coil the terminal that Wire A
is connected to (see Figure 1, Section 3.4). Connect the
other meter test lead to this terminal. Generator line to
line voltage should be indicated. If generator voltage is
not indicated, proceed to Step 10.
10.With Wire N2A still connected to one test probe, connect
the other meter test lead to Wire 126 on Limit Switch
XA1 (see Figure 1, Section 3.4). Generator line to line
voltage should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. In Step 7, if the generator does not crank or start, refer
to Part 4, "DC Control".
2. In Step 7, if transfer to the "Standby" source does not
occur, go to Problem 1.
3. In Step 9, if normal utility source line-to-line voltage is
indicated but retransfer back to "Utility" does not occur,
go to Test 24.
4. If normal utility source line-to-line voltage is not indicated
in Step 9, but is indicated in Step 10, proceed to Test 31.
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
SECTION 3.4
PART 3
5. If normal utility source line-to-line voltage is NOT
indicated in Step 8, and is NOT indicated in Step 9,
proceed to Test 32.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
transfer to the "Standby" position, the limit switch
should actuate to its closed position. If the switch
does not actuate to its closed position, retransfer back
to "Utility" will not occur.
PROCEDURE:
TEST 30 - CHECK FUSES F1 AND F2
DISCUSSION:
Fuses F1 and F2 are connected in series with the
Utility 1 and Utility 2 circuits, respectively. A blown
fuse will open the applicable circuit and will result in
(a) generator startup and transfer to "Standby", or (b)
failure to retransfer back to the utility source.
1. With the standby generator shut down, set its Auto-OffManual switch to OFF.
2. Turn OFF the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using whatever means provided.
3. To prevent interaction, disconnect Wire 126 and Wire "A"
from the limit switch terminals.
4. Set a VOM to its "R x 1 " scale and zero the meter.
5. Connect the VOM test leads across the two limit switch
terminals from which Wires A and 126 were removed.
6. Manually actuate the main contacts to their "Standby"
position. The VOM should indicate CONTINUITY.
7. Manually actuate the main contacts to their "Utility"
position. The VOM should read infinity.
RESULTS:
Replace limit switch XA1 if it checks bad.
NOTE: Problems with transfer switch operation
can also be caused by (a) defective wiring
between the generator and transfer switch, or (b)
a defective component in the generator circuit
board. See Part 4, "DC Control".
Figure 5. Fuse Holder and Fuses
PROCEDURE:
1. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to OFF.
2. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using whatever means provided.
3. Remove fuses F1 and F2 from the fuse holder (see
Figure 5).
TEST 32 - CONTINUITY TEST OF WIRING (C1)
DISCUSSION:
This test will ensure that all control wiring has
continuity.
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to the OFF position.
2. Turn the generator main circuit breaker to the off
position.
4. Inspect and test fuses for blown condition.
3. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch
using whatever means provided. (Such as utility source
main line circuit breaker).
RESULTS:
4. Set your VOM to the "R x 1" scale.
1. Replace blown fuse(s) and proceed to Test 34.
2. For Problem 7 (DC Control section), go to Test 27.
TEST 31 - TEST LIMIT SWITCH XA1
DISCUSSION:
When the transfer switch main contacts are actuated
to their "Utility" position, limit switch XA1 should be
mechanically actuated to its open position. On
5. Disconnect Wire N2A from the Utility Coil C1 and
connect one test lead to it. Connect the other test lead
to terminal lug N2 of the transfer switch. CONTINUITY
should be read. Reconnect Wire N2A.
6. Disconnect Wire 126 from transfer relay (TR) and
connect one test lead to it. Connect the other test lead
to limit switch XA1 bottom terminal Wire 126.
CONTINUITY should be read. Reconnect Wire 126.
Page 67
SECTION 3.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
7. Disconnect Wire N1A from transfer relay (TR) terminal
and connect one test lead to it. Connect the other test
lead to F1 top fuse terminal Wire N1A. CONTINUITY
should be read. Reconnect Wire N1A.
RESULTS:
Repair any defective wiring that does not read
CONTINUITY. If wiring tests good, proceed to Test
23.
TEST 33 - CONTINUITY TEST OF WIRING (C2)
DISCUSSION:
This test will ensure that all control wiring has
continuity.
1. See Test 32, Step 1
2. See Test 32, Step 2
3. See Test 32, Step 3
4. See Test 32, Step 4
5. Disconnect Wire E2 from the standby coil (C2) and
connect one test lead to it. Connect the other test lead
to Terminal Lug E2 of the transfer switch. CONTINUITY
should be read. Reconnect Wire E2.
6. Disconnect Wire 205 from transfer relay (TR) Terminal 6
and connect one test lead to it. Connect the other test
lead to limit switch XB1 top terminal Wire 205.
CONTINUITY should be read. Reconnect Wire 205.
7. Disconnect Wire E1 from Transfer Relay (TR) Terminal 9
and connect one test lead to it. Connect the other test
lead to terminal lug E1 of the transfer switch.
CONTINUITY should be read. Reconnect Wire E1.
RESULTS:
Repair any defective wiring that does not read
CONTINUITY. If wiring tests good, proceed to Test
23.
TEST 34 - CHECK N1 AND N2 WIRING
DISCUSSION:
A shorted Wire N1 or N2 to ground can cause fuse F1
or F2 to blow.
PROCEDURE:
1. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to OFF.
2. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using whatever means are provided.
3. Remove fuses F1 and F2 from the fuse holder (see
Figure 5).
Page 68
PART 3
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
4. Remove the generator control panel cover. Disconnect
wire N1 and wire N2 from the interconnection terminal in
the control panel, or the terminal strip.
5. Set your VOM to the 'R x 1" scale. Connect the positive
meter test lead to wire N1.
a. Connect the negative meter lead to the ground
lug. Infinity should be measured.
b. Connect the negative meter lead to Wire 23 at
ICT or terminal strip. Infinity should be
measured.
c. Connect the negative meter lead to Wire 194 at
ICT or terminal strip. Infinity should be
measured.
d. Connect the negative meter lead to the neutral
connection. Infinity should be measured.
6. Set your VOM to the 'R x 1" scale. Connect the positive
meter test lead to wire N2.
a. Connect the negative meter lead to the ground
lug. Infinity should be measured.
b. Connect the negative meter lead to Wire 23 at
ICT or terminal strip. Infinity should be
measured.
c. Connect the negative meter lead to Wire No.
194 at ICT or terminal strip. Infinity should be
measured.
d. Connect the negative meter lead to the neutral
connection. Infinity should be measured.
7. Disconnect wire N1 and wire N2 from transformer TX.
8. Connect one test lead to wire N1 removed in step 7, and
the other test lead to the ground terminal. INFINITY
should be measured.
9. Connect one test lead to wire N2 removed in step 7, and
the other test lead to the ground terminal. INFINITY
should be measured.
10.If no short is indicated in steps 5 through 9, proceed with
steps 11 through 15. If a short is indicated in steps 5
through 9, repair shorted wiring.
11.Reconnect wires N1 and N2 to the interconnection
terminal or terminal strip.
12.Replace fuses F1 and F2 in the fuse holder.
13.Turn on the utility power supply to the transfer switch
using whatever means is provided.
14.Set VOM to measure AC voltage. Connect one test lead
to wire N1 and the other test lead to wire N2. Utility line
to line voltage should be measured.
15.Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch
using whatever means is provided.
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
PART 3
RESULTS:
If a short is indicated in steps 5 through 9, repair
wiring and re-test. If utility line to line voltage is
measured in Step 14, proceed to Test 35.
TEST 35 - CHECK TRANSFORMER (TX)
DISCUSSION:
The transformer is a step down type and has two
functions. It supplies approximately 16VAC to the
control board for utility sensing. It also supplies
approximately 16 VAC to the battery charger when
utility is available for trickle charge. A shorted
transformer can result in fuse F1 or F2 blowing.
PROCEDURE:
1. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-manual switch
to OFF.
SECTION 3.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
11.Connect one test lead to TX terminal 1. Connect the
other test lead to TX terminal 10. INFINITY should be
measured.
12.Connect one test lead to TX terminal 1. Connect the
other test lead to TX terminal 7. INFINITY should be
measured.
13.Connect one test lead to TX terminal 10. Connect the
other test lead t TX terminal 7. INFINITY should be
measured.
RESULTS:
For steps 5, 6, and 7, replace transformer if an open
is indicated, or if the resistance value indicated is
zero. If the resistance value is not within the
approximate range, proceed to test 65.
For steps 8 through 13, replace the transformer if it
fails any of these steps.
2. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using whatever means is provided.
3. See Figure 6. Disconnect Wires N1, N2, 224, 225,
224A, 225A from transformer (TX).
4. Set a VOM to the "R x 1" scale.
5. Connect one test lead to TX terminal 1. Connect the
other test lead to TX terminal 5. Approximately 38.5
ohms should be measured
6. Connect one test lead to TX terminal 10. Connect the
other test lead to TX terminal 9. Approximately 1.5
ohms should be measured.
7. Connect one test lead tot TX terminal 7. Connect the
other test lead to TX terminal 6. Approximately 0.3
ohms should be measured.
8. Connect one test lead to TX terminal 1. Connect the
other test lead to the transformer case. INFINITY
should be measured.
Figure 6. Transformer (TX)
9. Connect one test lead to TX terminal 7. Connect the
other test lead to the transformer case. INFINITY
should be measured.
10.Connect one test lead to TX terminal 9. Connect the
other test lead to the transformer case. INFINITY
should be measured.
Page 69
SECTION 3.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Page 70
PART 3
“V-TYPE” PREPACKAGED
TRANSFER SWITCHES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART 4
DC CONTROL
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
PART
TITLE
4.1
Description and Components
4.2
Operational Analysis
4.3
Troubleshooting Flow Charts
4.4
Diagnostic Tests
SECTION 4.1
DESCRIPTION AND COMPONENTS
PART 4
3DC CONTROL
GENERAL
TRANSFORMER (TX)
This section will familiarize the reader with the various
components that make up the DC control system.
Major DC control system components that will be
covered include the following:
o A Terminal Strip / Interconnection Terminal
• A Transformer (TX)
• A Circuit Board.
• An Auto-Off-Manual Switch.
• A 15 Amp Fuse.
• A 5 Amp Fuse.
The control panel assembly's transformer is a stepdown type. The line-to-line voltage from the Utility
1/Utility 2 terminals is delivered to the transformer's
primary winding. Transformer action then induces a
reduced voltage (about 12 to 16 volts) into both
secondary transformer windings. Reduced voltage
from one secondary winding is delivered to the circuit
board as "Utility" source sensing voltage. Reduced
voltage from the other secondary winding is delivered
to the battery charger for trickle charging.
• If the Utility sensing voltage drops below a preset
value, circuit board action will initiate automatic
generator startup and transfer to the "Standby"
source side.
The sensing transformer is shown in Figure 2, both
pictorially and schematically.
TERMINAL STRIP / INTERCONNECTION
TERMINAL
The terminals of this terminal strip are connected to
identically numbered terminals on a prepackaged
transfer switch terminal board. The terminal board
connects the transfer switch to the circuit board and
transformer.
The terminal board provides the following connection
points:
A. Utility 1 and Utility 2
1. Connect to identically marked terminals on a
prepackaged transfer switch terminal board.
2. The circuit delivers "Utility" power source
voltage to the transformer (TX) located in the
control panel assembly.
B. 23 and 194
1. Connect to identically numbered terminals on
the terminal board of the prepackaged transfer
switch.
2. This circuit connects the circuit board to the
transfer relay coil in the prepackaged transfer
switch.
Figure 1. Terminal Board
Page 72
Figure 2. The Transformer
CIRCUIT BOARD
The circuit board controls all standby electric system
operations including (a) engine startup, (b) engine
running, (c) automatic transfer, (d) automatic
retransfer, and (e) engine shutdown. In addition, the
circuit board performs the following functions:
• Delivers "field boost" current to the generator rotor
windings (see "Field Boost Circuit" in Section 2.2).
• Starts and "exercises" the generator once every
seven days.
• Provides automatic engine shutdown in the event of
low oil pressure, high oil temperature, or overspeed.
A 17-pin and a 5-pin connector are used to
interconnect the circuit board with the various circuits
of the DC systems. Connector pin numbers,
associated wires and circuit functions are listed in the
CHART on the next page.
SECTION 4.1
PART 4
DC CONTROL
DESCRIPTION AND COMPONENTS
J1 PIN
WIRE
1
4
Field boost current to rotor (about 9-10 volts DC).
CIRCUIT FUNCTION
2
86
Low oil pressure shutdown. Automatic shutdown occurs when Wire 85 is grounded by loss of oil
pressure to the LOP.
3
23
Switched to ground for Transfer Relay (TR) operation.
4
194
12 VDC output from the circuit board for transfer relay, present in AUTO or MANUAL operation.
5
56
Energized (12 volts DC) by circuit board's crank relay (K1) to crank the engine.
6
18
Engine shutdown. Circuit is grounded by circuit board action to ground the engine
7
14
12 VDC output for engine run condition. Used for fuel solenoid (FS), battery charge relay (BCR),
and hourmeter if equipped.
8
66A
AC input to the board for crank terminate and overspeed protection.
9
239
B+ input when SW1 is in the MANUAL position.
10
15A
B+ input into the board for source voltage when SW1 is in the AUTO or MANUAL position.
11
17
B+ output to SW1 for manual start operation.
12
15
12VDC source voltage for the circuit board. Also runs timer for exerciser.
13
0
Common ground.
14
225
Transformer reduced "Utility" source sensing voltage.
15
224
Transformer reduced "Utility" source sensing voltage.
16
NOT USED
17
NOT USED
J2 PIN
WIRE
CIRCUIT FUNCTION
1
NOT USED
2
85
High temperature oil engine safety.
3
351
Input set exercise. Signal to ground to set.
4
NOT USED
5
NOT USED
86
4
194
23
18
56
66A
14
15A
239
17
15
225
0
224
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
J1 CONNECTOR
229
15B
351
85
J2 CONNECTOR
ON
OFF
SPARE
50 Hz OPERATION
REMOTE NOT AUTO
20 VAC SENSE TRANSFORM
Figure 3. Circuit Board
Page 73
SECTION 4.1
DESCRIPTION AND COMPONENTS
The circuit board mounts a crank relay (K1) and a run
relay (K2, see Figure 4). Crank relay (K1) is
energized by circuit board action during both manual
and automatic startup to crank the engine. Cranking
is accomplished in crank-rest cycles, with the first
cycle being 15 seconds on and 15 seconds off. After
the first crank-rest cycle, the remaining cycles will be
in equal 7-9 second durations. This cyclic cranking
action continues until either (a) the engine starts, or
(b) approximately 90 seconds of the crank-rest cycles
have elapsed.
The run relay is energized by circuit board action at
the same time as the crank relay, to energize and
open a fuel solenoid valve.
DANGER: THE GENERATOR ENGINE WILL
CRANK AND START WHEN THE 7-DAY
EXERCISER SWITCH IS ACTUATED. THE
UNIT WILL ALSO CRANK AND START
EVERY 7 DAYS THEREAFTER, ON THE
DAY AND AT THE TIME OF DAY THE
SWITCH WAS ACTUATED.
PART 4
DC CONTROL
15 AMP FUSE
This fuse protects the circuit board against excessive
current. If the fuse has blown, engine cranking and
operation will not be possible. Should fuse
replacement become necessary, use only an identical
15-amp replacement fuse.
7.5 AMP FUSE
This fuse protects the 12 VDC accessory socket
against overload. If the fuse element has melted open
due to an overload, the 12 VDC socket will not
provide power to accessories. Should fuse
replacement become necessary, use only an identical
7.5 amp replacement fuse.
AUTO-OFF-MANUAL SWITCH
This 3-position switch permits the operator to (a)
select fully automatic operation, (b) start the
generator manually, or (c) stop the engine and
prevent automatic startup. Switch terminals are
shown pictorially and schematically in Figure 5,
below.
Figure 5. 15 Amp Fuse
SW1
17
239
1
4
6
5
4
SW1
2
2
5
3
1
15
3
6
15A
SCHEMATIC
Figure 4. The Auto-Off-Manual Switch
Page 74
DC CONTROL
PART 4
SECTION 4.1
DESCRIPTION AND COMPONENTS
GROUND TERMINAL
NEUTRAL BLOCK
TRANSFORMER (TX)
TERMINAL STRIP
STARTER
CONTACTOR
RELAY (SCR) (V-TWINS ONLY)
VOLTAGE REGULATOR
BATTERY CHARGER
BATTERY CHARGE RELAY (BCR)
CIRCUIT BREAKER "DPE" (CB2)
4-TAB TERMINAL BLOCK (TB)
GROUND TERMINAL
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
SET EXERCISE SWITCH (SW2)
ACCESSORY OUTLET
FUSE HOLDER (F1)
EXTERNAL GFCI CIRCUIT BREAKER
FUSE HOLDER (F2)
AUTO-OFF-MANUAL SWITCH (SW1)
Figure 6. Control Panel Component Identification
Page 75
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
DC CONTROL
INTRODUCTION
UTILITY SOURCE VOLTAGE AVAILABLE
This "Operational Analysis" is intended to familiarize
the service technician with the operation of the DC
control system on prepackaged units with air-cooled
engine. A thorough understanding of how the system
works is essential to sound and logical
troubleshooting. The DC control system illustrations
on the following pages include a "V-Type"
prepackaged transfer switch.
See Figure 1, above. The circuit condition with the
Auto-Off-Manual switch set to AUTO and with "Utility"
source power available can be briefly described as
follows:
• "Utility" source voltage is available to transfer switch
terminal lugs N1/N2. With the transfer switch main
contacts at their "Utility" side, this source voltage is
available to terminal lugs T1/T2 and to the "Load"
circuits.
11
11
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
2
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7
7
1
11
9
9
BCR
6
3
4
13
0
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
0
66
66
C2-2
22
0
C2-11
11
HTO
0
FIELD
C2-10
4
0
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
4
0
C2-4
55
0
BA
22
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C2-9
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
C1-3
194
4
0
351
225
14
224
C2-7
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
1
2
3
4
5
J2
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
J1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
194
86
Page 76
66A
23
194
56
18
14
66A
239
15A
17
15
= 12 VDC ALWAYS PRESENT
= AC VOLTAGE
= GROUND FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
239
23
4
= 12 VDC DURING CRANKING ONLY
= 12 VDC DURING ENGINE RUN CONDITION
15A
0
225
224
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
DC CONTROL
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
• "Utility" voltage is delivered to the primary winding
of a sensing transformer (TX), via transfer switch
wires N1/N2, fuses F1/F2, connected wiring, and
Control Panel "Utility 1/Utility 2" terminals. A
resultant voltage (about 16 volts AC) is induced into
the transformer secondary windings and then
delivered to the circuit board via Wires 224/225.
The circuit board uses this reduced "Utility" voltage
as sensing voltage. Wires 224A/225A supply 16
VAC to the battery charger.
• Battery output is delivered to the circuit board with
the Auto-Off-Manual switch (SW1) set to AUTO, as
shown.
11
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
N1
+
-
0
23
TR
194
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194
15B
23
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15
15A
SW1
15A
15
15
239
N
17
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
120V
15
44
23
23
194
194
CB1
11
11
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
0
17
15
SC
FS
0
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
Figure 1. Circuit Condition - Utility Source Voltage
Available
Page 77
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
INITIAL DROPOUT OF
UTILITY SOURCE VOLTAGE
DC CONTROL
• The circuit board constantly senses for an
acceptable "Utility" source voltage, via transfer
switch fuses F1/F2, transfer switch "Utility 1/Utility
2" terminals, connected wiring, control panel "Utility
1/Utility 2" terminals, the sensing transformer (TX),
and Wires 224/225.
Refer to Figure 2, above. Should a "Utility" power
source failure occur, circuit condition may be briefly
described as follows:
11
11
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
2
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7
7
1
11
9
9
BCR
6
3
4
13
0
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
0
66
66
C2-2
22
0
C2-11
11
0
FIELD
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
0
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
C2-10
4
0
HTO
C2-4
55
0
BA
22
4
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C2-9
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
C1-3
194
4
0
351
225
14
224
C2-7
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
1
2
3
4
5
J2
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
J1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
194
86
Page 78
66A
23
194
56
18
14
66A
239
15A
17
15
= 12 VDC ALWAYS PRESENT
= AC VOLTAGE
= GROUND FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
239
23
4
= 12 VDC DURING CRANKING ONLY
= 12 VDC DURING ENGINE RUN CONDITION
15A
0
225
224
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
DC CONTROL
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
• Should "Utility" voltage drop below approximately
60 percent of the nominal source voltage, a 15second timer on the circuit board will turn on.
• In Figure 2, the 15-second timer is still timing and
engine cranking has not yet begun.
• The Auto-Off-Manual switch is shown in its AUTO
position. Battery voltage is available to the circuit
board, via Wire 13, 15 amp fuse (F1), Wire 15, the
Auto-Off-Manual switch (SW1), Wire 15A, and Pin
10 of the circuit board connector.
11
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
N1
+
-
0
23
TR
194
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194
15B
23
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15
15A
SW1
15A
15
15
239
N
17
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
120V
15
44
23
23
194
194
CB1
11
11
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
0
17
15
SC
FS
0
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
Figure 2. Circuit Condition - Initial Dropout of
Utility Source Voltage
Page 79
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
UTILITY VOLTAGE DROPOUT / ENGINE
CRANKING
DC CONTROL
seconds. Thus, the engine will crank cyclically for 7
second crank-rest cycles. This cyclic cranking will
continue until either the engine starts or until about
ninety (90) seconds of crank-rest cycles have
elapsed.
• When the crank relay (K1) is energized, circuit board
action delivers 12 volts DC to a starter contactor
relay (SCR), via Wire 56. When the SCR energizes,
its contacts close and battery power is delivered to a
starter contactor (SC). When the SC energizes, its
contacts close and battery power is delivered to the
starter motor (SM).The engine cranks.
• After fifteen (15) seconds and when the circuit
board's 15-second timer has timed out, if "Utility"
voltage is still below 60 percent of nominal, circuit
board action will energize the circuit board's crank
and run relays (K1 and K2) simultaneously.
• The crank relay (K1) will remain energized for about
15 seconds on the first crank cycle. The relay will
then de-energize for 7 seconds and will again
energize. This time it will remain energized for 7
11
11
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
2
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7
7
1
11
9
9
BCR
6
3
4
13
0
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
0
66
66
C2-2
22
0
C2-11
11
0
0
FIELD
C2-10
4
0
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
4
0
HTO
C2-4
55
BA
22
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C2-9
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
C1-3
194
4
0
351
225
14
224
C2-7
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
1
2
3
4
5
J2
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
Page 80
J1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
239
23
194
86
66A
23
194
56
18
14
66A
239
15A
17
15
= 12 VDC ALWAYS PRESENT
= DC FIELD CONTROL VOLTAGE
= AC VOLTAGE
= GROUND FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
= 12 VDC DURING CRANKING ONLY
= 12 VDC DURING ENGINE RUN CONDITION
15A
0
225
224
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
DC CONTROL
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
• When the circuit board's run relay (K2) energizes,
12 volts DC is delivered to a fuel solenoid (FS), via
Wire 14. The fuel solenoid (FS) energizes open and
fuel is available to the engine. Wire 14 energizes
the battery charge relay (BCR), which will allow the
BCR to power the battery charger.
• As the engine cranks, magnets on the engine
flywheel induce a high voltage into the engine
ignition modules (IM1/IM2). A spark is produced
that jumps the spark plug (SP1/SP2) gap.
• During cranking, Wire 4 supplies 2-3 VDC (8-9 VDC
isolated) to the rotor for field flash.
• With ignition and fuel flow available the engine can
start.
11
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
N1
+
-
0
23
TR
194
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194
15B
23
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15
15A
SW1
15A
15
15
239
N
17
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
120V
15
44
23
23
194
194
CB1
11
11
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
0
17
15
SC
FS
0
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
Figure 3. Circuit Condition - Engine Cranking
Page 81
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
ENGINE STARTUP AND RUNNING
DC CONTROL
• An AC voltage/frequency signal is delivered to the
circuit board from the generator engine run winding,
via Wire 66A. When AC frequency reaches
approximately 30 Hz, the circuit board (a)
terminates cranking, and (b) turns on an "engine
warm-up timer".
With the fuel solenoid open and ignition occurring, the
engine starts. Engine startup and running may be
briefly described as follows:
11
11
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
2
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7
7
1
11
9
9
BCR
6
3
4
13
0
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
0
66
66
C2-2
22
0
C2-11
11
0
0
FIELD
C2-10
4
0
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
4
0
HTO
C2-4
55
BA
22
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C2-9
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
C1-3
194
4
0
351
225
14
224
C2-7
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
1
2
3
4
5
J2
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
Page 82
J1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
239
23
4
194
86
66A
23
194
56
18
15A
66A
239
15A
17
= 12 VDC ALWAYS PRESENT
= DC FIELD CONTROL VOLTAGE
= AC VOLTAGE
= GROUND FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
= 12 VDC DURING CRANKING ONLY
= 12 VDC DURING ENGINE RUN CONDITION
15
0
225
224
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
DC CONTROL
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
• The "engine warm-up timer" will run for about 15
seconds. When this timer finishes timing, board
action will initiate transfer to the "Standby" power
source. As shown in Figure 4 (above), the timer is
still running and transfer has not yet occurred.
• Generator AC output is available to transfer switch
terminal lugs E1/E2 and to the normally open
contacts of a transfer relay. However, the transfer
relay is de-energized and its contacts are open.
11
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
N1
+
-
0
23
TR
194
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194
15B
23
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15
15A
SW1
15A
15
15
239
N
17
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
120V
15
44
23
23
194
194
CB1
11
11
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
0
17
15
SC
FS
0
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
Figure 4. Circuit Condition - Engine Startup and
Running
Page 83
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
INITIAL TRANSFER TO THE "STANDBY"
SOURCE
DC CONTROL
transfer switch. This 12 volts DC circuit is
completed back to the board, via transfer relay
terminal B, and Wire 23. However, circuit board
action holds the Wire 23 circuit open to ground and
the transfer relay (TR) is de-energized.
• When the circuit board's "engine warm-up timer"
times out, circuit board action completes the Wire
23 circuit to ground. The transfer relay then
energizes and its normally open contacts close.
• "Standby" power is now delivered to the standby
closing coil (C2), via Wires E1 /E2, the normally
open transfer relay contacts, Wire 205, limit switch
The generator is running, the circuit board's "engine
warm-up timer" is timing, and generator AC output is
available to transfer switch terminal lugs E1 and E2
and to the open contacts on the transfer relay. Initial
transfer to the "Standby" power supply may be briefly
described as follows:
• The circuit board delivers a 12 volts DC output to
the transfer relay (TR) actuating coil, via Wire 194,
and terminal A of the transfer relay (TR) in the
11
11
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
2
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7
7
1
11
9
9
BCR
6
3
4
13
0
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
0
66
66
C2-2
22
0
C2-11
11
HTO
0
FIELD
C2-10
4
0
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
0
C2-4
55
0
BA
22
4
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C2-9
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
C1-3
194
4
0
351
225
14
224
C2-7
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
1
2
3
4
5
J2
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
Page 84
J1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
239
23
4
194
86
66A
23
194
56
18
15A
66A
239
15A
17
= 12 VDC ALWAYS PRESENT
= DC FIELD CONTROL VOLTAGE
= AC VOLTAGE
= GROUND FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
= 12 VDC DURING CRANKING ONLY
= 12 VDC DURING ENGINE RUN CONDITION
15
0
225
224
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
DC CONTROL
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
XB1, Wire B, and a bridge rectifier. The standby
closing coil energizes and the main current carrying
contacts of the transfer switch are actuated to their
'Standby" source side.
• As the main contacts move to their "Standby"
source side, a mechanical interlock actuates limit
switch XB1 to its open position and limit switch XA1
to its "Utility" side position. When XB1 opens,
standby closing coil C2 3 de-energizes.
• "Standby" power is delivered to the "Load"
terminals (T1/T2) of the transfer switch.
11
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
N1
+
-
0
23
TR
194
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194
15B
23
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15
15A
SW1
15A
15
15
239
N
17
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
120V
15
44
23
23
194
194
CB1
11
11
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
0
17
15
SC
FS
0
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
Figure 5. Circuit Condition - Initial Transfer to
Standby
Page 85
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
UTILITY VOLTAGE RESTORED / RETRANSFER TO UTILITY
DC CONTROL
• At the end of fifteen (15) seconds, the "retransfer
time delay" will stop timing and circuit board action
will open the Wire 23 circuit to ground. The transfer
relay (TR) will then de-energize.
• When the transfer relay (TR) de-energizes, its
normally-closed contacts close. "Utility" source
voltage is then delivered to the utility closing coil
(C1), via Wires N1A/N2A, the closed TR contacts,
Wire 126, limit switch XA1, and a bridge rectifier.
• The utility closing coil (C1) energizes and moves
the main current carrying contacts to their "Neutral"
position. The main contacts move to an over center
The "Load" is powered by the "Standby" power
supply. The circuit board continues to seek an
acceptable "Utility" source voltage. On restoration of
"Utility" source voltage, the following events will
occur:
• On restoration of utility source voltage above 80
percent of the nominal rated voltage, a "retransfer
time delay" on the circuit board starts timing. The
timer will run for about fifteen (15) seconds.
11
11
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
2
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7
9
BCR
1
11
3
4
13
0
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
0
66
66
C2-2
22
0
C2-11
11
HTO
0
FIELD
C2-10
4
0
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
0
C2-4
55
0
BA
22
4
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C2-9
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
C1-3
194
4
0
351
225
14
224
C2-7
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
1
2
3
4
5
J2
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
Page 86
J1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
239
23
4
194
86
66A
23
194
56
18
15A
66A
239
15A
17
= 12 VDC ALWAYS PRESENT
= DC FIELD CONTROL VOLTAGE
= AC VOLTAGE
= GROUND FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
= 12 VDC DURING CRANKING ONLY
= 12 VDC DURING ENGINE RUN CONDITION
15
0
225
224
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
DC CONTROL
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
position past "Neutral" and spring force closes them
to their "Utility" side. "Load" terminals are now
powered by the "Utility" source.
• Movement of the main contacts to 'Utility" actuates
limit switches XA1/XB1. XA1 opens and XB1
actuates to its "Standby" source side.
• The generator continues to run.
11
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
A
225
5
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
4
N1
+
-
0
23
TR
194
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194
15B
23
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15
15A
SW1
15A
15
15
239
N
17
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
120V
15
44
23
23
194
194
CB1
11
11
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
0
17
15
SC
FS
0
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
Figure 6. Circuit Condition - Utility Voltage
Restored
Page 87
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
ENGINE SHUTDOWN
DC CONTROL
• The DC circuit to Wire 14 and the fuel solenoid (FS)
will be opened. The fuel solenoid (FS) will deenergize and close to terminate the engine fuel
supply.
• The hourmeter (if equipped) connected to Wire 14
will be opened and clock function of the hourmeter
will stop.
Following retransfer back to the "Utility" source, an
"engine cool-down timer" on the circuit board starts
timing. When that timer has timed out (approximately
one minute), circuit board action will de-energize the
circuit board's run relay (K2). The following events will
then occur:
11
11
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
2
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7
7
1
11
9
9
BCR
6
3
4
13
0
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
0
66
66
C2-2
22
0
C2-11
11
HTO
0
FIELD
C2-10
4
0
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
0
C2-4
55
0
BA
22
4
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C2-9
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
C1-3
194
4
0
351
225
14
224
C2-7
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
1
2
3
4
5
J2
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
J1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
194
86
Page 88
66A
23
194
56
18
14
66A
239
15A
17
15
= 12 VDC ALWAYS PRESENT
= AC VOLTAGE
= GROUND FOR CONTROL PURPOSES
239
23
4
= 12 VDC DURING CRANKING ONLY
= 12 VDC DURING ENGINE RUN CONDITION
15A
0
225
224
SECTION 4.2
PART 4
DC CONTROL
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
• The battery charge relay (BCR) connected to Wire
14 will be de-energized. This will cause transformer
(TX) voltage to power the battery charger again.
• Circuit board action will connect the engine's
ignition shutdown module (ISM) to ground, via Wire
18, circuit board Pin 13, and Wire 0. Ignition will be
terminated.
• Without fuel flow and without ignition, the engine
will shut down.
11
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
N1
+
-
0
23
TR
194
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194
15B
23
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15
15A
SW1
15A
15
15
239
N
17
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
120V
15
44
23
23
194
194
CB1
11
11
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
0
17
15
SC
FS
0
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
Figure 7. Circuit Condition - Retransfer to “Utility”
and Engine Shutdown
Page 89
SECTION 4.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
Page 90
PART 4
DC CONTROL
DC CONTROL
PART 4
SECTION 4.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
Page 91
SECTION 4.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
Page 92
PART 4
DC CONTROL
DC CONTROL
PART 4
SECTION 4.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
Page 93
SECTION 4.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
Page 94
PART 4
DC CONTROL
DC CONTROL
PART 4
SECTION 4.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
Page 95
SECTION 4.3
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOW CHARTS
PART 4
Problem 17 - 7.5 Amp Fuse (F2) Blown
THE 12 VDC ACCESSORY OUTLET IS CAPABLE OF DELIVERING A MAXIMUM OF
7.5 AMPS. IF THE ACCESSORY TO BE USED THROUGH THIS CIRCUIT DEMANDS
TOO MUCH POWER, THE FUSE THAT PROTECTS THIS CIRCUIT WILL OPEN.
CHECK FOR OVERLOAD CONDITION.
INSTALL NEW FUSE AND RETEST.
IF FUSE STILL MELTS OPEN CHECK WIRE 15 BETWEEN 7.5A(F2) FUSE HOLDER
AND THE 12 VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET FOR A SHORT TO GROUND.
Page 96
DC CONTROL
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
INTRODUCTION
Perform these "Diagnostic Tests" in conjunction with
the "Troubleshooting Flow Charts" of Section 4.3.
The test procedures and methods presented in this
section are not exhaustive. We could not possibly
know of, evaluate and advise the service trade of all
conceivable ways in which testing and trouble
diagnosis might be performed. We have not
undertaken any such broad evaluation.
TEST 41 - CHECK POSITION OF AUTO-OFFMANUAL SWITCH
TEST 42 - TRY A MANUAL START
DISCUSSION:
The first step in troubleshooting for an "engine won't
crank" condition is to determine if the problem is
peculiar to automatic operations only or if the engine
won't crank manually either.
PROCEDURE:
1. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to OFF.
2. Set the generator main line circuit breaker to its OFF or
open position.
DISCUSSION:
If the standby system is to operate automatically, the
generator Auto-Off-Manual switch must be set to
AUTO. That is, the generator will not crank and start
on occurrence of a "Utility" power outage unless that
switch is at AUTO. In addition, the generator will not
exercise every seven (7) days as programmed unless
the switch is at AUTO.
3. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL.
PROCEDURE:
With the Auto-Off-Manual switch set to "Auto,” test
automatic operation. Testing of automatic operation
can be accomplished by turning OFF the Utility power
supply to the transfer switch. When the utility power is
turned OFF, the standby generator should crank and
start. Following startup, transfer to the standby source
should occur. Refer to Section 1.8 in this manual. An
"Automatic Operating Sequences Chart" is provided
in Section 1.7. Use the chart as a guide in evaluating
automatic operation.
Following generator startup and transfer to the
standby source, turn ON the utility power supply to
the transfer switch. Retransfer back to the "Utility"
source should occur. After an "engine cool down
timer" has timed out, generator shutdown should
occur.
1. If the engine cranks manually but does not crank
automatically, go to Test 43.
RESULTS:
1. If normal automatic operation is obtained, discontinue
tests.
2. If engine does not crank when "Utility" power is turned
off, proceed to Test 42.
a. The engine should crank cyclically through it’s
"crank-rest" cycles until it starts.
b. Let the engine stabilize and warm up for a few
minutes after it starts.
RESULTS:
2. If the engine does not crank manually, proceed to
Problem 9 in the "Troubleshooting Flow Charts".
TEST 43- TEST AUTO-OFF-MANUAL SWITCH
DISCUSSION:
When the Auto-Off-Manual switch is set to AUTO
position, battery voltage (12 volts DC) is delivered to
the circuit board via Wire 15A, the closed switch
terminal, Wire 15A, and Pin 10 of the circuit board
connector. This voltage is needed to operate the
circuit board.
Setting the switch to its "Manual" position delivers
battery voltage to the circuit board for its operation. In
addition, when the switch is set to "Manual", 12 volts
DC is supplied to the circuit board via Pin 11 of the
board, Wire 239, the closed switch contacts, Wire 17
and Pin 9 of the circuit board connector.
3. If engine cranks but won't start, go to Problem 10 in
Section 4.3.
4. If engine cranks and starts, but transfer to "Standby"
does not occur, go to Problem 5 in Section 3.3.
5. If transfer to "Standby" occurs, but retransfer back to
"Utility" does not occur when utility source voltage is
restored, go to Problem 6 in Section 3.3.
A. Set to "Auto"
B. Set to "Manual"
6
239
15
6
5
4
3
2
1
239
5
4
17
15A
15
15A
3
2
1
17
15A
15A
Figure 1. Schematic of Auto-Off-Manual Switch
Page 97
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
PROCEDURE:
Disconnect all wires from switch terminals, to prevent
interaction. Then, use a volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM)
to test for continuity across switch terminals as shown
in the following chart. Reconnect all wires and verify
correct positions when finished.
TERMINALS
2 and 3
2 and 1
5 and 6
5 and 4
SWITCH POSITION
AUTO
MANUAL
OFF
AUTO
MANUAL
OFF
AUTO
MANUAL
OFF
AUTO
MANUAL
OFF
READING
CONTINUITY
INFINITY
INFINITY
INFINITY
CONTINUITY
INFINITY
CONTINUITY
INFINITY
INFINITY
INFINITY
CONTINUITY
INFINITY
TEST 44- CHECK WIRE 15/15A/17/239
VOLTAGE
DISCUSSION:
The circuit board will not turn on unless battery
voltage is available to the board via wire 15, the AutoOff-Manual switch and Wire 15A. If battery voltage is
not available, automatic or manual operation will not
be possible.
Battery voltage is available to wire 17 from pin
location 11 of the J1 connector on the circuit board.
When the Auto-Off-Manual switch is in the MANUAL
position, wire 239 supplies battery voltage to pin
location 9 of the circuit board, and engine cranking
occurs.
PROCEDURE:
(For Problem 1 flow chart, do Steps 1-5 and Step 9
only)
(For Problem 2 flow chart, do all steps)
1. Set a VOM to measure DC voltage.
RESULTS:
1. Replace Auto-Off-Manual switch, if defective.
2. For Problem 8 Only: If the switch passes the tests, verify
the remote not auto dip switch is set to OFF on the
circuit board (see Figure 3, Section 4.1) then proceed to
Test 44.
3. For Problem 9 Only: If the switch passes the tests,
proceed to Test 60.
SW1
15
1
4
17
AUTO
17
2
239
5
6
5
4
SW1
3
15
DC CONTROL
2
6
3
1
239
15
MANUAL
15A
15A
SCHEMATIC
Figure 2. Auto-Off-Manual Switch Test Points
2. Connect the positive (+) test lead to the Auto-Off-Manual
switch Terminal 2, Wire 15. Connect the negative (-)
test lead to a clean frame ground. Battery voltage
should be measured (See Figure. 2).
3. Connect the positive (+) test lead to the Auto-Off-Manual
switch terminal 1, Wire 15A. Connect the negative (-)
test lead to a clean frame ground. Set the Auto-Offmanual switch to MANUAL. Battery voltage should be
measured.
4. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Pin location 12 Wire
15 at the J1 connector on the circuit board. Connect the
negative (-) test lead to a clean frame ground. Battery
voltage should be measured.
5. Connect the positive (+) test lead to pin location 10, wire
15A at the J1 connector on the circuit board. Connect
the negative test lead to a clean frame ground. Set the
Auto-Off-Manual switch to the MANUAL position.
Battery voltage should be measured. Repeat Step 5.
This time set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to AUTO.
Battery voltage should be measured.
6. Connect the positive (+) test lead to pin location 9, wire
239 at the J1 connector on the circuit board. Connect
the negative (-) test lead to a clean frame ground. Set
the Auto-Off-Manual switch to the MANUAL position.
Battery voltage should be measured. If battery voltage
is measured, stop and proceed to results. If battery
voltage is not measured, proceed to Step 7.
7. Connect the positive (+) test lead to the Auto-Off-Manual
Page 98
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
switch Terminal 4, Wire 17/178. Connect the negative (-)
test lead to a clean frame ground. Battery voltage
should be measured.
8. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Pin location 11, wire
17 at the J1 connector on the circuit board. Connect the
negative (-) test lead to a clean frame ground. Battery
voltage should be measured.
9. Set a VOM to measure resistance "R x 1" scale.
Connect one meter test lead to a clean frame ground.
Connect the other test lead to Pin location 13, Wire 0 at
the J1 connector on the circuit board. Continuity should
be measured.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 45- CHECK 15 AMP FUSE
DISCUSSION:
The 15 amp fuse is located on the generator console.
A blown fuse will prevent battery power from reaching
the circuit board, with the same result as setting the
Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
PROCEDURE:
Remove the 15 amp fuse (F1) by pushing in on fuse
holder cap and turning the cap counterclockwise.
Inspect the fuse visually and with a VOM for an open
condition.
RESULTS:
RESULTS:
1. If the fuse if good, go on to Test 46.
1. No battery voltage in Step 2. Go to test 45 or
repair/replace Wire 15 from F1 to SW1.
2. If the fuse is bad, it should be replaced. Use only an
identical 15 amp replacement fuse.
2. No battery voltage in Step 3. Go to Test 43 or repair or
replace Wire 15A from Terminal 1 to Terminal 3 of SW1.
3. If fuse continues to blow, go to Problem 16.
3. No battery voltage in Step 4. Verify Step 2 and repair or
replace wire 15 from SW1 to J1 connector.
TEST 46- CHECK BATTERY
4. No battery voltage in Step 5. Go to Test 43 or repair or
replace Wire 15A from SW1 to J1 connector.
DISCUSSION:
Battery power is used to (a) crank the engine and (b)
to power the circuit board. Low or no battery voltage
can result in failure of the engine to crank, either
manually or during automatic operation.
5. If battery voltage is available in Step 8 but not in Step 7,
repair or replace Wire 17 from SW1 to J1 connector.
6. If battery voltage is available in Step 7 but not in Step 6,
go to Test 43.
7. If continuity is not measured in Step 9, repair or replace
Wire 0 between the J1 connector and the 8-tab ground
terminal.
8. If battery voltage is available in Steps 1-5 but not in Step
8 of Problem 2 flow chart, replace or repair the circuit
board.
9. If battery voltage is available in Steps 1-5 for Problem 1
flow chart, replace the circuit board.
PROCEDURE:
A. Inspect Battery Cables:
1. Visually inspect battery cables and battery
posts.
2. If cable clamps or terminals are corroded, clean
away all corrosion.
3. Install battery cables, making sure all cable
clamps are tight. The red battery cable from the
starter contactor (SC) must be securely
attached to the positive (+) battery post; the
black cable from the frame ground stud must be
tightly attached to the negative (-) battery post.
B. Test Battery State of Charge:
Figure 3. Wires 15A
1. Use an automotive type battery hydrometer to
test battery state of charge.
2. Follow the hydrometer manufacturer's
instructions carefully. Read the specific gravity
of the electrolyte fluid in all battery cells.
3. If the hydrometer does not have a "percentage
of charge" scale, compare the reading obtained
to the following:
a. An average reading of 1.260 indicates the
battery is 100% charged.
b. An average reading of 1.230 means the
battery is 75% charged.
c. An average reading of 1.200 means the
battery is 50% charged.
Page 99
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
d.
DC CONTROL
An average reading of 1.170 indicates the
battery is 25% charged.
C. Test Battery Condition:
1. If the difference between the highest and lowest
reading cells is greater than 0.050 (50 points),
battery condition has deteriorated and the
battery should be replaced.
2. However, if the highest reading cell has a
specific gravity of less than 1.230, the test for
condition is questionable. Recharge the battery
to a 100 percent state of charge, then repeat the
test for condition.
Figure 4. The Wire 56 Circuit
RESULTS:
1. Remove the battery and recharge with an automotive
battery charger, if necessary.
2. If battery condition is bad, replace the battery with a new
one.
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage is indicated in Step 3, but not in Step 2,
Wire 56 (between the circuit board and starter contactor
relay or starter contactor) is open. Repair or replace this
wire as required.
TEST 47 - CHECK WIRE 56 VOLTAGE
2. If battery voltage is not indicated in Step 3, go to Test
43.
DISCUSSION:
During an automatic start or when starting manually,
a crank relay (K1) on the circuit board should
energize. Each time the crank relay energizes, the
circuit board should deliver 12 volts DC to a starter
contactor relay(SCR) and the engine should crank.
This test will verify (a) that the crank relay on the
circuit board is energizing, and (b) that circuit board
action is delivering 12 volts DC to the starter
contactor relay.
3. If battery voltage is indicated in both Steps 2 and 3, but
engine does not crank, go on to Test 49.
PROCEDURE:
1. Connect the positive (+) test probe of a DC voltmeter (or
VOM) to the Wire 56 connector of the starter contactor
relay (SCR, on models with v-twin engines) or the
starter contactor (SC, on models with single cylinder
engines). Connect the common (-) test probe to frame
ground.
TEST 48- TEST STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
(V-TWIN ONLY)
DISCUSSION:
The starter contactor relay (SCR) located in the
control panel must be energized for cranking to occur.
Once the SCR is energized, it’s normally open
contacts will close and battery voltage will be
available to Wire 16 and to the starter contactor (SC).
16
15
2. Observe the meter. Then, actuate the Auto-Off-Manual
switch to MANUAL position.
15
a. The circuit board crank and run relays should
energize.
b. The meter should indicate battery voltage.
3. Insert the positive (+) meter test lead into Pin 5 of the
circuit board connector J1. Connect the common (-) test
lead to a clean frame ground. Then, repeat Step 2.
a. The circuit board's crank and run relays should
energize.
b. The meter should read battery voltage.
16
COM
56
0
56
0
Figure 5. The Starter Contactor Relay
PROCEDURE:
1 Set a VOM to measure DC voltage.
Page 100
NO
DC CONTROL
PART 4
2. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the Wire 13
connector. Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to a
clean frame ground. Battery voltage should be
measured.
3. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the Wire 16
connector. Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to a
clean frame ground.
SECTION 4.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
attaches (see Figure 6 or 7). Connect the common (-)
test lead to frame ground.
a. No voltage should be indicated initially.
b. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL.
The meter should now indicate battery voltage
as the starter contactor energizes.
4. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL. Observe
the meter reading. Battery voltage should measured. If
battery voltage is not measured, proceed to Step 5.
5. Set the VOM to it’s “R x 1” scale to measure ohms.
6. Connect one test lead to the Wire 0 connector. Connect
the other test lead to a clean frame ground.
CONTINUITY should be measured.
RESULTS:
1 If battery voltage is not measured in Step 2, repair or
replace wiring between starter contactor relay and fuse
(F2).
2. If battery voltage is not measured in Step 4 and
CONTINUITY is measured in Step 6, replace the starter
contactor relay.
3. If battery voltage is measured in Step 4. proceed to Test
49.
Figure 6. The Starter Contactor (Single Cylinder
Units)
TEST 49- TEST STARTER CONTACTOR
DISCUSSION:
The starter contactor (SC) must energize and its
heavy duty contacts must close or the engine will not
crank. This test will determine if the starter contactor
is in working order.
PROCEDURE:
Carefully inspect the starter motor cable that runs
from the battery to the starter motor. Cable
connections must be clean and tight. If connections
are dirty or corroded, remove the cable and clean
cable terminals and terminal studs. Replace any
cable that is defective or badly corroded.
Use a DC voltmeter (or a VOM) to perform this test.
Test the starter contactor as follows:
1. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the starter
contactor stud (to which the red battery cable connects).
Connect the common (-) meter test lead to a clean
frame ground. Battery voltage (12 volts DC) should be
indicated.
Figure 7. The Starter Contactor (V-twin Units)
2. Now, connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the
starter contactor stud to which the starter motor cable
Page 101
SECTION 4.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage was indicated in Step 1, but not in Step
2b, replace the starter contactor.
2. If battery voltage was indicated in Step 2b, but the
engine did not crank, go on to Test 50.
PART 4
DC CONTROL
crank, check for mechanical binding of the engine or
rotor.
If engine turns over slightly, go to Test 62 “Check and
Adjust Valves.” Compression release on single
cylinder engines may not be working, or mechanical
binding is occurring.
TEST 50- TEST STARTER MOTOR
CONDITIONS AFFECTING STARTER MOTOR
PERFORMANCE:
1. A binding or seizing condition in the starter motor
bearings.
2. A shorted, open or grounded armature.
a. Shorted, armature (wire insulation worn and
wires touching one another). Will be indicated
by low or no RPM.
b. Open armature (wire broken) will be indicated
by low or no RPM and excessive current draw.
c. Grounded armature (wire insulation worn and
wire touching armature lamination or shaft). Will
be indicated by excessive current draw or no
RPM.
Figure 8. Starter Motor (V-Twin Engines)
3. A defective starter motor switch.
4. Broken, damaged or weak magnets.
5. Starter drive dirty or binding.
DISCUSSION:
Test 47 verified that circuit board action is delivering
DC voltage to the starter contactor relay (SCR). Test
48 verified the operation of the SCR. Test 49 verified
the operation of the starter contactor (SC). Another
possible cause of an "engine won't crank" problem is
a failure of the starter motor.
PROCEDURE:
The battery should have been checked prior to this
test and should be fully charged.
Set a VOM to measure DC voltage (12 VDC).
Connect the meter positive (+) test lead to the starter
contactor stud which has the small jumper wire
connected to the starter. Connect the common (-) test
lead to the starter motor frame.
Set the Start-Stop Switch to its "START" position and
observe the meter. Meter should Indicate battery
voltage, starter motor should operate and engine
should crank.
Figure 9. Starter Motor (Single Cylinder Engines)
CHECKING THE PINION:
When the starter motor is activated, the pinion gear
should move and engage the flywheel ring gear. If the
pinion does not move normally, inspect the pinion for
binding or sticking.
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage is indicated on the meter but starter
motor did not operate, remove and bench test the
starter motor (see following test).
2. If battery voltage was indicated and the starter motor
tried to engage (pinion engaged), but engine did not
Page 102
Figure 10. Check Pinion Gear Operation (V-Twin)
DC CONTROL
PART 4
SECTION 4.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Figure 13. Tachometer
Figure 11. Check Pinion Gear Operation
(Single Cylinder)
TOOLS FOR STARTER PERFORMANCE TEST:
The following equipment may be used to complete a
performance test of the starter motor:
• A clamp-on ammeter.
• A tachometer capable of reading up to 10,000 rpm.
• A fully charged 12-volt battery.
TEST BRACKET:
A starter motor test bracket may be made as shown
in Figure 14. A growler or armature tester is available
from an automobile diagnostic service supplier.
MEASURING CURRENT:
To read the current flow, in AMPERES, a clamp-on
ammeter may be used. This type of meter indicates
current flow through a conductor by measuring the
strength of the magnetic field around that conductor.
Figure 14. Test Bracket
REMOVE STARTER MOTOR:
It is recommended that the starter motor be removed
from the engine when testing starter motor
performance. Assemble starter to test bracket and
clamp test bracket in vise, Figure 15.
TESTING STARTER MOTOR:
1. A fully charged 12 volt battery is required.
Figure 12. Clamp-On Ammeter
2. Connect jumper cables and clamp-on ammeter as
shown in Figure 15.
TACHOMETER:
A tachometer is available from your Generac Power
Systems source of supply. Order as P/N 042223. The
tachometer measures from 800 to 50,000 RPM,
Figure 13.
3. With the starter motor activated (jump the terminal on
the starter contactor to battery voltage), note the
reading on the clamp-on ammeter and on the
tachometer (rpm).
Note: Take the reading after the ammeter and
tachometer are stabilized, approximately 2-4
seconds.
Page 103
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
4. A starter motor in good condition will be within the
following specifications:
Minimum rpm
Maximum Amps
Single Cylinder
800
9
V-twin
4500
50
DC CONTROL
• The gaseous fuel system must be properly tested
for leaks following installation and periodically
thereafter. No leakage is permitted. Leak test
methods must comply strictly with gas codes.
DANGER: GASEOUS FUELS ARE HIGHLY
EXPLOSIVE. DO NOT USE FLAME OR HEAT
TO TEST THE FUEL SYSTEM FOR LEAKS.
NATURAL GAS IS LIGHTER THAN AIR,
TENDS TO SETTLE IN HIGH PLACES. LP
(PROPANE) GAS IS HEAVIER THAN AIR,
TENDS TO SETTLE IN LOW AREAS. EVEN
THE SLIGHTEST SPARK CAN IGNITE THESE
GASES AND CAUSE AN EXPLOSION.
PROCEDURE:
A water manometer or a gauge that is calibrated in
"ounces per square inch" may be used to measure
the fuel pressure. Fuel pressure at the inlet side of the
fuel solenoid valve should be between 11 - 14 inches
water column as measured with a manometer, or
6.38-8.00 ounces per square inch as measure with a
pressure gauge.
The fuel pressure can be checked using a pressure
tester kit (Generac p/n 0C7977). See Figure 16 for
the gas pressure test point on the fuel regulator.
NOTE: Where a primary regulator is used to
establish fuel inlet pressure, adjustment of that
regulator is usually the responsibility of the fuel
supplier or the fuel supply system installer.
Figure 15. Testing Starter Motor Performance
TEST 51 - CHECK FUEL SUPPLY AND
PRESSURE
DISCUSSION:
The air-cooled prepackaged generator was factory
tested and adjusted using natural gas as a fuel. If
desired, LP (propane) gas may be used. However,
when changing over to propane, some minor
adjustments are required. The following facts apply:
• An adequate gas supply and sufficient fuel pressure
must be available or the engine will not start.
• Minimum recommended gaseous fuel pressure at
the generator fuel inlet connection is 11 inches
water column (6.38 ounces per square inch).
• Maximum gaseous fuel pressure at the generator
fuel inlet connection is 14 inches water column (8
ounces per square inch).
• When propane gas is used, only a "vapor
withdrawal" system may be used. "This type of
system utilizes the gas that form above the liquid
fuel the vapor pressure must be high enough
engine operation.
Page 104
RESULTS:
1. If fuel supply and pressure are adequate, but engine will
not start, go on to Test 53.
2. If generator starts but runs rough or lacks power, repeat
the above procedure with the generator running and
under load. The fuel system must be able to maintain
11”-14” water column at all load requirements. If proper
fuel supply and pressure is maintained, go to Test 55.
Figure 16. Air Cooled Engine Fuel System
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
TEST 52 - TEST FUEL SOLENOID
Note: This test is for fuel regulators equipped with
idle circuit port only. See Figure 16. These units
have an additional 1/4” fuel hose.
DISCUSSION:
When the Fuel Solenoid (FS) is energized, gas
pressure is available internally to the on demand Fuel
Regulator. Gas pressure will then be available to the
idle circuit port of the Fuel Regulator.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Wire 56 from the starter contactor relay
(SCR). This will disable the unit from cranking. For
single cylinder units, disconnect from the starter
contactor (SC) and isolate it from ground.
2. Remove the fuel hose from the idle circuit port barbed
fitting.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
a. The circuit board's crank and run relays should
energize and the engine should crank and start.
b. The meter should indicate battery voltage.
c. If battery voltage is indicated, proceed to Step 4.
If battery voltage is NOT indicated, proceed to
Test 53 results.
4. Disconnect Wire 14 at the Fuel Solenoid (FS).
a. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 14.
Connect the negative test lead to a clean frame
ground. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to
MANUAL. Battery voltage should be measured.
If battery voltage is indicated, proceed to Step 5.
b. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 14 at
the 4-tab terminal block in the control panel, see
Figure 17. Connect the negative (-) test lead to
frame ground. While observing the meter, set
the Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL. Battery
voltage should be measured.
3. Attach a manometer (Generac P/N 0C7977) to the idle
circuit port barbed fitting.
4. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL. The engine
will not crank, but gas pressure should be observed on
the manometer at 11”-14” of water column.
5. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF. Remove the
manometer. Re-attach the fuel hose to the idle circuit
port barbed fitting. Re-connect Wire 56 to the starter
contactor relay or starter contactor.
RESULTS:
1. If gas pressure was measured, proceed to Test 55.
2. If gas pressure was not measured, replace the fuel
solenoid (FS).
TEST 53 - CHECK CIRCUIT BOARD WIRE 14
OUTPUT
DISCUSSION:
During any cranking action, the circuit board's crank
relay (K1) and run relay (K2) both energize
simultaneously. When the run relay energizes, its
contacts close and 12 volts DC is delivered to Wire 14
and to a fuel solenoid. The solenoid energizes open
to allow fuel flow to the engine. This test will
determine if the circuit board is working properly.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
2. Connect the positive (+) test lead of a DC voltmeter (or
VOM) into Pin 7 (Wire 14) of the circuit board connector
J1. Connect the common (-) test lead to frame ground.
3. While observing the meter, set the Auto-Off-Manual
switch to MANUAL.
Figure 17. 4-Tab Terminal Block
5. Set the VOM to it’s “R x 1” scale.
6. Disconnect Wire 0 from the Fuel Solenoid (FS). Connect
one test lead to Wire 0 and the other test lead to a clean
frame ground. CONTINUITY should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. If the engine cranks but does not start and battery
voltage was not measured in Step 3, replace the circuit
board.
2. If the engine cranks and battery voltage was measured
in Step 3, but there was no battery voltage in Step 4(a),
repair or replace Wire 14 between 4-tab terminal block
and the Fuel Solenoid (FS).
3. If the engine cranks and battery voltage was measured
in step 3 and no battery voltage is measured in step 4b,
repair or replace Wire 14 between the J1 connector on
the circuit board and the 4-tab terminal block.
4. If the engine cranks but does not start and battery
voltage was measured in Steps 2, 3 and 4, and
CONTINUITY was not measured in Step 6, repair or
replace Wire 0 between the Control Panel ground
Page 105
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
connection and the Fuel Solenoid terminal. If
CONTINUITY was measured in Step 6, proceed to Test
52 or test 54 depending on the model.
TEST 54 - CHECK FUEL SOLENOID
DISCUSSION:
In Test 53, if battery voltage was delivered to Wire 14,
the fuel solenoid should have energized open. This
test will verify whether or not the fuel solenoid is
operating.
Fuel Solenoid Nominal Resistance 27-33 ohms.
DC CONTROL
2. Replace the solenoid if it does not actuate.
TEST 55 - CHECK FOR IGNITION SPARK
DISCUSSION:
If the engine cranks but will not start, perhaps an
ignition system failure has occurred. A special "spark
tester" (Generac P/N 0C5969) can be used to check
for ignition spark.
Figure 19. Spark Tester
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove spark plug leads from the spark plugs (Figure
20).
2. Attach the clamp of the spark tester to the engine
cylinder head.
Figure 18. The Fuel Solenoid (FS)
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Wire 56 from the starter contactor relay
(SCR). This will disable the unit from cranking. For
single cylinder units, disconnect from the starter
contactor (SC) and isolate it from ground.
2. Place one hand on the Fuel Solenoid (FS). Cycle the
Auto-Off-Manual switch from MANUAL to OFF. You
should be able to feel the solenoid actuate as well as
hear it actuate. If a small screwdriver is placed on the
solenoid and then gently pulled away, a magnetic field
should be felt.
3. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF. Reconnect Wire
56 to starter contactor relay or starter contactor.
RESULTS:
1. If solenoid actuates, go to Test 55.
Page 106
Figure 20. Checking Ignition Spark
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. Attach the spark plug lead to the spark tester terminal.
PROCEDURE:
4. Crank the engine while observing the spark tester. If
spark jumps the tester gap, you may assume the engine
ignition system is operating satisfactorily.
1. Remove spark plugs and clean with a penknife or use a
wire brush and solvent.
NOTE: The engine flywheel must rotate at 350 rpm
(or higher) to obtain a good test of the solid state
ignition system.
To determine if an engine miss is ignition related,
connect the spark tester in series with the spark plug
wire and the spark plug (Figure 21). Then, crank and
start the engine. A spark miss will be readily
apparent. If spark jumps the spark tester gap
regularly but the engine miss continues, the problem
is in the spark plug or in the fuel system.
NOTE: A sheared flywheel key may change
ignition timing but sparking will still occur across
the spark tester gap.
2. Replace any spark plug having burned electrodes or
cracked porcelain.
3. Set gap on new or used spark plugs to 0.030 inch for
single cylinder engines and 0.020 inch for v-twin
engines.
RESULTS:
1. Clean, re-gap or replace spark plugs as necessary.
2. If spark plugs are good, go to Test 62.
Figure 22. Checking Spark Plug Gap
TEST 57- CHECK ENGINE COMPRESSION
Figure 21. Checking Engine Miss
RESULTS:
1. If no spark or very weak spark occurs, go to Test 58.
2. If sparking occurs but engine still won't start, go to
Test 56.
3. When checking for engine miss, if sparking occurs at
regular intervals but engine miss continues, go to
Test 16.
4. When checking for engine miss, if a spark miss is readily
apparent, go to Test 59.
TEST 56 - CHECK SPARK PLUGS
DISCUSSION:
If the engine will not start and Test 55 indicated good
ignition spark, perhaps the spark plug(s) are fouled or
otherwise damaged. Engine miss may also be caused
by defective spark plug(s).
DISCUSSION:
Lost or reduced engine compression can result in (a)
failure of the engine to start, or (b) rough operation.
One or more of the following will usually cause loss of
compression:
• Blown or leaking cylinder head gasket.
• Improperly seated or sticking-valves.
• Worn Piston rings or cylinder. (This will also result
in high oil consumption).
NOTE: For the single cylinder engine, the
minimum allowable compression pressure for a
cold engine is 60 psi.
NOTE: It is extremely difficult to obtain an
accurate compression reading without special
equipment. For that reason, compression values
are not published for the V-Twin engine. Testing
has proven that an accurate compression
indication can be obtained using the following
method.
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove both spark plugs.
2. Insert a compression gauge into either cylinder.
Page 107
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. Crank the engine until there is no further increase in
pressure.
DC CONTROL
other test lead to a clean frame ground. INFINITY
should be measured.
4. Record the highest reading obtained.
5. Reconnect the J1 connector to the circuit board.
5. Repeat the procedure for the remaining cylinder and
record the highest reading.
6. Set a VOM to measure resistance. Connect one test
lead to Wire 18 from the control panel. Connect the
other test lead to a clean frame ground. Set the AutoOff-Manual switch to MANUAL. During cranking the
meter should read infinity.
RESULTS:
The difference in pressure between the two cylinders
should not exceed 25 percent. If the difference is
greater than 25 percent, loss of compression in the
lowest reading cylinder is indicated.
Example 1: If the pressure reading of cylinder #1
is 65 psi and of cylinder #2, 60 psi, the difference
is 5 psi. Divide "5" by the highest reading (65) to
obtain the percentage of 7.6 percent.
Example 2: No. 1 cylinder reads 75 psi; No. 2
cylinder reads 55 psi. The difference is 20 psi. Divide
"20" by "75" to obtain "26.7" percent. Loss of
compression in No. 2 cylinder is indicated.
If compression is poor, look for one or more of the
following:
• Loose cylinder head bolts.
• Failed cylinder head gasket.
• Burned valves or valve seats.
• Insufficient valve clearance.
• Warped cylinder head.
• Warped valve stem.
• Worn or broken piston ring(s).
• Worn or damaged cylinder bore.
• Broken connecting rod.
• Worn valve seats or valves.
TEST 58 - CHECK SHUTDOWN WIRE
DISCUSSION:
Circuit board action during shutdown will ground Wire
18. Wire 18 is connected to the Ignition Magneto(s).
The grounded magneto will not be able to produce
spark.
PROCEDURE:
1. On v-twin generators, remove Wire 18 from the stud
located above the oil cooler. On single cylinder
generators, disconnect Wire 18 at the bullet connector.
2. Perform Test 55.
3. If spark now occurs with Wire 18 removed, check for a
short to ground. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
Remove the 17 pin connector J1 from the circuit board.
4. Set a VOM to measure resistance. Connect one test
lead to Wire 18 from the control panel. Connect the
Page 108
RESULTS:
1. If INFINITY was not measured in Step 4, repair or
replace shorted ground Wire 18 between the J1
connector from the circuit board to the stud or bullet
connector.
2. If INFINITY was not measured in Step 6 during cranking,
replace the circuit board and retest for spark.
3. If ignition spark still has not occurred, proceed to
Test 59.
TEST 59 - CHECK AND ADJUST IGNITION
MAGNETOS
DISCUSSION:
In Test 55, a spark tester was used to check for
engine ignition. If sparking or weak spark occurred,
one possible cause might be the ignition magneto(s).
This test consists of adjusting the air gap between the
ignition magneto(s) and the flywheel. The flywheel
and flywheel key will also be checked during this test.
PROCEDURE:
Note: The air gap between the ignition magneto
and the flywheel on single cylinder engines is
non-adjustable. Proceed directly to Steps 15,16
and 17 for single cylinder engines. For V-twin
engines, proceed as follows.
1. See Figure 23. Rotate the flywheel until the magnet is
under the module (armature) laminations.
2. Place a 0.008-0.012 inch (0.20-0.30mm) thickness
gauge between the flywheel magnet and the module
laminations.
3. Loosen the mounting screws and let the magnet pull the
magneto down against the thickness gauge.
4. Tighten both mounting screws.
5. To remove the thickness gauge, rotate the flywheel.
6. Repeat the above procedure for the second magneto.
DC CONTROL
PART 4
SECTION 4.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Figure 25. Diode Failure Diagnosis
11.Connect the positive (+) test lead to Connector ”A” (as
shown in Figure 26). Connect the negative (-) test lead
to Connector “B.”
Figure 23. Setting Ignition Magneto (Armature)
Air Gap
7. Repeat Test 55 and check for spark across the spark
tester gap.
8. If air gap was not out of adjustment, test ground wires.
a. If meter “Beeps” once and displays voltage
drop, then the diode is good.
b. If the meter makes a continuous tone, the diode
is bad (shorted) and the harness must be
replaced.
c. If the meter displays “OL,” the diode is defective
(open) and the harness must be replaced.
9. Set the VOM to the diode test position. The meter will
display forward voltage drop across the diode. If the
voltage drop is less than 0.7 volts, the meter will “Beep”
once as well as display the voltage drop. A continuous
tone indicates CONTINUITY (shorted diode). An
incomplete circuit (open diode) will be displayed as “OL.”
10.Disconnect the engine wire harness from the ignition
magnetos and stud connector (Figure 24).
Figure 24. Engine Ground Harness
Figure 26. Engine Ground Harness Test Points
Page 109
SECTION 4.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
PART 4
DC CONTROL
12.Now repeat Step 11 with the negative meter test lead
connected to Connector “C” (Figure 26).
13.Now check the flywheel magnet by holding a screwdriver
at the extreme end of its handle and with its point down.
When the tip of the screwdriver is moved to within 3/4
inch (19mm) of the magnet, the blade should be pulled
in against the magnet.
14.Now check the flywheel key. The flywheel’s taper is
locked on the crankshaft taper by the torque of the
flywheel nut. A keyway is provided for alignment only
and theoretically carries no load.
Note: If the flywheel key becomes sheared or
even partially sheared, ignition timing can
change. Incorrect timing can result in hard
starting or failure to start.
15.As stated earlier, the armature air gap is fixed for single
cylinder engine models and is not adjustable. Visually
inspect the armature air gap and hold down bolts.
16.Disconnect the shutdown ground wire from the armature
and retest for spark, Test 55.
17.Perform Steps 13 and 14.
RESULTS:
If sparking still does not occur after adjusting the
armature air gap, testing the ground wires and
performing the basic flywheel test, replace the ignition
magneto(s).
TEST 60- CHECK OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
AND WIRE 86
DISCUSSION:
If the oil pressure switch contacts have failed in their
closed position, the engine will probably crank and
start. However, shutdown will then occur within about
5 (five) seconds. If the engine cranks and starts, then
shuts down almost immediately with a LOP fault light,
the cause may be one or more of the following:
• Low engine oil level.
• Low oil pressure.
• A defective oil pressure switch.
If the oil pressure switch contacts have failed open or
Wire 86 does not have continuity to ground at
starting, the engine will not crank. If the engine does
not crank, the cause may be one of the following:
• A defective oil pressure switch stuck open.
• An open Wire 86 to Circuit Board.
Figure 27. Oil Pressure Switch
PROCEDURE:
Note: For Problem 9 Flow Chart, perform Steps
3a, 4 and 5 only. For Problem 12 Flow Chart
perform all steps.
1. Check engine crankcase oil level.
a. Check engine oil level.
b. If necessary, add the recommended oil to the
dipstick FULL mark. DO NOT OVERFILL
ABOVE THE FULL MARK.
2. With oil level correct, try starting the engine.
a. If engine still cranks and starts, but then shuts
down, go to Step 3.
b. If engine does not crank go to Step 6.
c. If engine cranks and starts normally, discontinue
tests.
3. Do the following:
a. Disconnect Wire 86 and Wire 0 from the oil
pressure switch terminals. Remove the switch
and install an oil pressure gauge in its place.
b. Connect Wire 86 to Wire 0 for starting purposes
only. After engine starts, remove Wire 86 from
Wire 0.
c. Start the engine while observing the oil pressure
reading on gauge.
d. Note the oil pressure.
(1) Normal oil pressure is approximately 35-40
psi with engine running. If normal oil
pressure is indicated, go to Step 4 of this
test.
(2) If oil pressure is below about 4.5 psi, shut
engine down immediately. A problem exists
in the engine lubrication system.
Note: The oil pressure switch is rated at 10 psi for
v-twin engines, and 8 psi for single cylinder
engines.
4. Remove the oil pressure gauge and reinstall the oil
pressure switch. Do NOT connect Wire 86 or Wire 0 to
the switch terminals.
Page 110
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
a. Set a VOM to its "R x 1" scale and zero the
meter.
b. Connect the VOM test leads across the switch
terminals. With engine shut down, the meter
should read CONTINUITY.
c. Connect Wire 86 to Wire 0 for starting purposes
only. After engine starts, remove Wire 86 from
Wire 0.
d. Crank and start the engine. The meter should
read INFINITY.
5. Perform Steps 4a and 4b. If INFINITY is measured with
the engine shutdown, replace the LOP switch.
6. Set a VOM to it’s “R x 1” scale.
a. Connect one test lead to Wire 86 (disconnected
from LOP). Connect the other test lead to Pin
Location 2 (Wire 86) of the J1 connector at the
Circuit Board. CONTINUITY should be
measured. If CONTINUITY is not measured,
repair or replace Wire 86 between the LOP
switch and the J1 Connector.
b. Connect one test lead to Wire 0 ( disconnected
from LOP). Connect the other test lead to a
clean frame ground. Continuity should be
measured. If continuity is NOT measured repair
or replace Wire 0 between the LOP and and the
ground terminal connection on the engine
mount.
7. If the LOP switch tests good in Step 4 and oil pressure is
good in Step 3 but the unit still shuts down with a LOP
fault, check Wire 86 for a short to ground. Set a VOM to
it’s “R x 1” scale. Disconnect the J1 Connector from the
circuit board. Remove Wire 86 from the LOP switch.
Connect one test lead to Wire 86. Connect the other
test lead to a clean frame ground. INFINITY should be
measured. If CONTINUITY is measured, repair or
replace Wire 86 between the LOP switch and the J1
Connector.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
PROCEDURE:
1. Verify that the engine has cooled down (engine block is
cool to the touch). This will allow the contacts in the
High Oil Temperature Switch to close.
2. Check the installation and area surrounding the
generator. There should be at least three feet of clear
area around the entire unit. Make sure that there are no
obstructions preventing incoming and outgoing air.
3. Disconnect Wire 85 and Wire 0 from the High Oil
Temperature Switch.
4. Set a VOM to measure resistance. Connect the test
leads across the switch terminals. The meter should
read INFINITY.
5. If the switch tested good in Step 4, and a true overtemperature condition has not occurred, check Wire 85
for a short to ground. Remove Connector J2 (5-pin) from
the circuit board. Set the VOM to measure resistance.
Connect one test lead to Wire 85 (disconnected from
High Oil Temperature Switch). Connect the other test
lead to a clean frame ground. INFINITY should be
measured.
TESTING HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH:
6. Remove the High Oil Temperature Switch.
7. Immerse the sensing tip of the switch in oil as shown in
Figure 28, along with a suitable thermometer.
RESULTS:
1. If switch tests good for Problem 9, proceed to Test 44.
2. Replace switch if it fails the test.
TEST 61- CHECK HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE
SWITCH
DISCUSSION:
If the temperature switch contacts have failed in a
closed position, the engine will not crank or start. If it
tries to start, it will immediately fault out on
“Overtemp.” If the unit is in an overheated condition,
the switch contacts will close at 284ºF. This will
normally occur from inadequate airflow through the
generator.
Figure 28. Testing the Oil Temperature Switch
8. Set a VOM to measure resistance. Then, connect the
VOM test leads across the switch terminal and the
switch body. The meter should read INFINITY.
Page 111
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
9. Heat the oil in the container. When the thermometer
reads approximately 274°-294° F. (134°-146° C.), the
VOM should indicate CONTINUITY.
RESULTS:
1. If the switch fails Step 4, or Steps 8-9, replace the
switch.
2. If INFINITY was not measured in Step 5, repair or
replace Wire 85 between the Circuit Board and the High
Oil Temperature Switch.
DC CONTROL
stud with the allen wrench and tighten the rocker arm
jam nut. Torque the jam nut to 174 inch pounds. After
tightening the jam nut, recheck the valve clearance to
make sure it did not change.
5. Re-install the rocker cover gasket, rocker cover and the
four (4) screws.
RESULTS:
Adjust valve clearance as necessary, the retest.
TEST 63 - CHECK FUEL REGULATOR
TEST 62 - CHECK AND ADJUST VALVES
DISCUSSION:
Improperly adjusted valves can cause various engine
related problems including, but not limited to, hard
starting, rough running and lack of power. The valve
adjustment procedure for both the single cylinder and
the V-twin engines is the same.
PROCEDURE (INTAKE AND EXHAUST):
Make sure that the piston is at Top Dead Center
(TDC) of it’s compression stroke (both valves closed).
The valve clearance should be 0.05-0.1mm (0.0020.004 in) cold.
Check and adjust the valve to rocker arm clearance
as follows:
1. Remove the four (4) screws from the rocker cover.
2. Remove the rocker cover and rocker cover gasket.
DISCUSSION:
The fuel regulator is rarely the cause of a hard start or
no start condition. The most common causes are
insufficient fuel pressure supplied to the unit, or the
adjustment screws on the fuel regulator being out of
adjustment. The fuel regulator is an “ON DEMAND”
type. During cranking and running, negative pressure
from the airbox or carburetor unseats the fuel
regulator diaphragms and allows fuel flow through the
regulator.
PROCEDURE:
1. Turn off utility power to the main distribution panel in the
house. This can be done by switching the service main
breaker to the OFF or “Open” position.
2. Allow the generator to star t. Before loading the
generator, confirm that the No Load Frequency, with the
roof open and the door off, is set to 63-63.5 Hz. Transfer
load to emergency circuits.
3. Turn on appliances. lights, pumps, etc., that are on the
emergency circuits in an attempt to fully load the
generator. Be cautious not to overload the generator.
Use the following chart as a guide:
Unit
7 kW
12 kW
13/15 kW
120 Volts
50.0 amps
100.0 amps
108.3/125.0 amps
240 Volts
25.0 amps
50.0 amps
54.1/62.5 amps
4. When full load has been achieved, connect a frequency
meter to the output lugs of the generator main line
circuit breaker.
Figure 29
3. Loosen the rocker arm jam nut. Use a 10mm allen
wrench to turn the pivot ball stud and check the
clearance between the rocker arm and the valve stem
with a flat feeler gauge (see Figure 29).
4. When the valve clearance is correct, hold the pivot ball
Page 112
The fuel regulator is fitted with one (7 kW), or two (12 &
15 kW) adjustment screws. While watching the
frequency meter, slowly turn the adjustment screw(s)
clockwise or counterclockwise one at a time until
highest frequency is read on the meter.
Note: Only limited adjustment is available
between the set pins on 5fuel regulators. Under
no circumstance should any of the pins be
removed (see Figures 30 & 31).
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
5. When the highest frequency is reached, maximum
power has been set. From this point turn the adjustment
screw(s) 1/4 turn counterclockwise. The regulator is now
set.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
DO NOT MAKE ANY UNNECESSARY
ADJUSTMENTS. FACTORY SETTINGS ARE
CORRECT FOR MOST APPLICATIONS. HOWEVER,
WHEN MAKING ADJUSTMENTS, BE CAREFUL TO
AVOID OVERSPEEDING THE ENGINE.
TEST 64 - CHECK BATTERY CHARGE
OUTPUT
Figure 30
DISCUSSION:
The battery charging system is a two amp trickle
charge. It is capable of maintaining a charge on a
functional battery. It is not intended to, nor capable of
charging a completely dead battery.
The system will charge when utility source power is
available to the generator or if the generator is
running. The system consists of a transformer (TX),
battery charge relay (BCR), battery charger (BC), and
a battery charge winding. The BCR contacts allow AC
voltage to the battery charger. When the BCR is deenergized, voltage from the TX is available to the
battery charger. When the generator starts, Wire 14
energizes the BCR. This allows battery charge
winding AC output to power the battery charger.
PROCEDURE:
1. Check the 5 amp fuse (F2).
2. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
Note: Utility source voltage MUST be available to
the generator.
3. Set a VOM to measure DC amps.
4. Disconnect Wire 13A (purple) from the 5 amp fuse (F2).
Figure 31
6. Turn utility power to the main distribution panel back on.
This can be done by switching the service main breaker
to the “ON” or closed position. Allow the generator to
shut down.
5. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 13A, and
connect the negative (-) test lead to the fuse (F2)
terminal from which Wire 13A was removed. The VOM
should measure 50 milliamps to 2.5 amps, depending
upon the state of the charge of the battery.
6. Repeat Step 5. This time set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to MANUAL. Allow the generator to start and then
measure the current again as in Step 5.
RESULTS:
Follow the Flow Chart in Section 4.3.
Page 113
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 65 - CHECK TRANSFORMER (TX)
VOLTAGE OUTPUT
DISCUSSION:
The Transformer (TX) is a “step down” type and has
two functions. It supplies approximately 16 VAC to the
control panel circuit board for utility sensing. It also
supplies approximately 16 VAC to the battery charger
for trickle charging. A defective transformer will:
a. not supply AC to the battery charger, and
b. not supply sensing voltage to the circuit board.
DC CONTROL
RESULTS:
1. If line-to-line voltage was not measured in Step 2, go to
Problem 7, Section 3.3.
2. If correct voltage was measured in Step 2, and no
voltage was measured in Step 3, replace the
Transformer.
3. If correct voltage was measured in Step 2, and no
voltage was measured in Step 4, replace the
Transformer.
4. If voltage output was correct for Step 3 and for Step 4,
refer back to the Flow Chart (Section 4.3).
TEST 66 - CHECK AC VOLTAGE AT BATTERY
CHARGER
DISCUSSION:
The battery charger needs to be supplied with
approximately 16 VAC. When the generator is not
running and utility source power is available, the
battery charger still receives voltage from the
Transformer (TX). When the generator is running,
voltage is supplied to the battery charger from the
battery charge winding.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
Note: Utility source voltage MUST be available to
the generator.
Figure 32. Transformer (TX)
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a VOM to measure AC voltage.
2. Connect one meter test lead to the Transformer (TX)
Terminal 5, Wire N1. Connect the other meter test lead
to the Transformer (TX) Terminal 1, Wire N2. Utility lineto-line voltage (240 VAC) should be measured.
3. Connect one meter test lead to the Transformer (TX)
Terminal 6 with Wire 225A removed. Connect the other
meter test lead to the Transformer (TX) Terminal 7 with
Wire 224A removed. This output supplies power to the
battery charger. The VOM should measure
approximately 16 VAC.
4. Connect one meter test lead to the Transformer (TX)
Terminal 9 with Wire 224 removed. Connect the other
meter test lead to the Transformer (TX) Terminal 10 with
Wire 224 removed. This AC output is used as utility
sensing, and is supplied to the circuit board. The VOM
should measure approximately 16 VAC.
Page 114
2. Set a VOM to measure AC voltage.
3. Disconnect the two pin connector (Wire 224B and Wire
225B) at the battery charger.
4. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 224B at the two pin
connector. Connect the other test lead to Wire 225B at
the two pin connector. Approximately 16 VAC should be
measured.
5. Verify that the battery charge relay (BCR) is wired
correctly (Figure 33).
6. Connect one meter test lead to Terminal 1, Wire 224A
on the BCR. Connect the other test lead to Terminal 3,
Wire 225A. Approximately 16 VAC should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. If voltage was not measured in Step 6, but was
measured in Test 65, repair or replace Wire 224A and
Wire 225B between the transformer (TX) and the
battery charge relay (BCR).
2. If voltage was not measured in Step 4, go to Test 67.
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
RESULTS:
1. Replace the battery charge relay if it fails any of the
steps in this chart.
2. If the BCR tests good, but still does not function during
generator operation, check Wire 14 and Wire 0
connected to the BCR.
Figure 33. Battery Charge Relay Test Points
TEST 67 - CHECK BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
(BCR)
DISCUSSION:
The battery charge relay is used to switch the AC
source delivered to the battery charger. When the
BCR is de-energized, the Normally Closed (NC)
contacts deliver AC power from the transformer.
When the BCR is energized by Wire 14, the Normally
Open (NO) contacts close and battery charge winding
AC source is delivered to the battery charger.
PROCEDURE:
1. See Figure 33. Disconnect all wires from the battery
charge relay, to prevent interaction.
2. Set a VOM to its "R x 1" scale and zero the meter.
3. Follow the chart below and test each set of contacts.
Connect the VOM test leads to the relay terminals
indicated in the chart provided below.
4. To energize or de-energize the relay. Connect a jumper
wire to a positive (+)12VDC source and to relay
Terminal "A". Connect a jumper wire to the negative (-)
12VDC source and to relay Terminal "B". The relay will
ENERGIZE. Disconnect the positive jumper from
Terminal "A" of the relay and the relay will DEENERGIZE.
a. Set a VOM to measure DC volts. Disconnect
Wire 14 from BCR Terminal “A.” Connect the
positive (+) test lead to Wire 14. Connect the
negative (-) test lead to a clean frame ground.
Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL.
Battery voltage should be measured. If battery
voltage is not measured, repair or replace Wire
14 between the BCR and the 4-tab terminal
block.
b. If voltage was measured in “a,” set the VOM to
measure resistance. Disconnect Wire 0 from
BCR Terminal “B.” Connect one test lead to
Wire 0. Connect the other test lead to a clean
frame ground. CONTINUITY should be
measured. If CONTINUITY was not measured,
repair or replace Wire 0 between the BCR and
the ground terminal.
TEST 68 - CHECK BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING HARNESS
DISCUSSION:
This test will check the continuity of Wire 66 and Wire
77 between Connector C2 and the battery charge
relay.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Connector C2 from the side of the control
panel. See Figure 9, page 128 for connector location.
2. Disconnect Wire 66 from Terminal 6, and Wire 77 from
Terminal 4 of the BCR.
3. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
Page 115
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
DC CONTROL
5. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 0 at the three pin
connector. Connect the other test lead to the ground
terminal. CONTINUITY should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. If CONTINUITY was not measured in Step 4, repair or
replace Wire 13A between the battery charger and fuse
F2.
2. If CONTINUITY was not measured in Step 5, repair or
replace Wire 0 between the battery charger and frame
ground.
TEST 70 - CHECK ENGINE RUN WINDING
Figure 34. C2 Connector Pin Locations (Male
Side)
4. Connect one test lead to Connector C2 Pin Location 1
(Wire 77). Connect the other test lead to the end of Wire
77 which was previously removed from the BCR.
CONTINUITY should be measured.
5. Connect one test lead to Connector C2 Pin Location 2
(Wire 66). Connect the other test lead to the end of Wire
66 which was previously removed from the BCR.
CONTINUITY should be measured.
RESULTS:
If CONTINUITY was not measured in Step 4 or Step
5, repair or replace defective wiring between
Connector C2 and the battery charge relay.
TEST 69 - CHECK BATTERY CHARGER
WIRING
DISCUSSION:
The three pin connector on the battery charger
connects the charger to ground and to battery power.
PROCEDURE:
DISCUSSION:
The engine run winding provides an AC input through
Wire 66A to the circuit board. This input is used for
overspeed sensing. If the input is not received by the
circuit board, immediate shutdown will occur.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
2. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
3. Disconnect Connector C2 from the side of the control
panel.
4. Disconnect Connector J1 from the circuit board.
5. Connect one meter test lead to Connector C2 Pin
Location 3 (Wire 66A). Connect the other test lead to
Connector J1 Pin Location 8 (Wire 66A). CONTINUITY
should be measured.
6. Connect one test lead to Connector C2 Pin Location 4
(Wire 55). Connect the other test lead to a clean frame
ground. CONTINUITY should be measured.
7. Re-connect connector C2 to the control panel, and reconnect connector J1 to the circuit board.
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
8. Set a VOM to measure AC Voltage.
2. Disconnect the three pin connector from the battery
charger.
9. Connect the positive meter test lead to Pin Location 8,
Wire 66A of the J1 Connector on the circuit board.
Connect the negative meter test lead to the ground
terminal. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL.
When the generator starts observe the voltage output
on the VOM. AC voltage should be 8-12 VAC.
3. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
4. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 13A at the three pin
connector. Connect the other test lead to Wire 13A at
Fuse F2. CONTINUITY should be measured.
Page 116
10.Set VOM to measure frequency. 62- 63 HZ should be
measured.
DC CONTROL
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
RESULTS:
3. Set a VOM to measure AC voltage.
1. If CONTINUITY is not measured in Step 5, repair or
replace Wire 66A between Connector C2 and
Connector J1 at the circuit board.
4. Connect one meter test lead to Pin Location J1-14 (Wire
225). Connect the other test lead to Pin Location J1-15
(Wire 224). Approximately 14-16 VAC should be
measured.
2. If CONTINUITY was not measured in Step 6, repair or
replace Wire 55 between Connector C2 and the ground
terminal.
3. If CONTINUITY was measured in both Step 5 and Step
6, go to Test 7.
4. If AC voltage is not correct in Step 9, proceed to Test 7.
If frequency is not correct adjust no load frequency and
re-test.
TEST 71 - CHECK N1 AND N2 VOLTAGE
DISCUSSION:
Loss of utility source voltage to the generator will
initiate a startup and transfer by the generator.
Testing at the control panel terminal strip will divide
the system in two, thereby reducing troubleshooting
time.
PROCEDURE:
Note: Verify that Utility Source Voltage is present.
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
2. Set a VOM to measure AC voltage.
3. Connect one test lead to Wire N1 at the terminal strip in
the generator control panel. Connect the other test lead
to Wire N2. Utility line-to-line voltage should be
measured.
RESULTS:
RESULTS:
1. If voltage was measured in Step 4, replace the circuit
board.
2. If voltage was NOT measured in Step 4, repair or
replace Wire 224 and/or No. Wire 225 between
Transformer (TX) and Circuit Board Connector J1.
TEST 73 - TEST SET EXERCISE SWITCH
DISCUSSION:
If the Set Exercise Switch (SW2) fails closed, the unit
will start when in AUTO. In normal operation the
Normally Open contacts close when the switch is
depressed. This will ground Wire 351 and reset the
exercise time.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
2. Disconnect Wire 351 and Wire 0 from the Set Exercise
Switch (SW2).
3. Connect one meter test lead to one terminal of SW2.
Connect the other test lead to the remaining terminal of
SW2. The meter should read INFINITY.
4. With the meter test leads connected to SW2, depress
and hold the switch activated. The meter should read
CONTINUITY.
1. If voltage was measured in Step 3, go to Test 65.
2. If voltage was not measured in Step 3, go to Test 28.
TEST 72 - CHECK UTILITY SENSING VOLTAGE
AT THE CIRCUIT BOARD
DISCUSSION:
If the generator starts and transfer to “STANDBY”
occurs in the automatic mode, even though an
acceptable “UTILITY” source voltage is available from
the Transformer (TX), the next step is to determine if
that sensing voltage is reaching the circuit board.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
2. Disconnect Connector J1 from the circuit board.
Figure 35. The Set Exercise Switch
5. Disconnect the five pin connector (J2) from the circuit
board.
Page 117
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
DC CONTROL
6. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 351 (previously
removed from SW2). Connect the other meter test lead
to Pin Location J3 (Wire 351). CONTINUITY should be
measured.
1. If CONTINUITY was measured in Step 5, a short exists
between Wire 178 and Wire 183. Repair or replace Wire
178 and/or Wire 183 between terminal connector and
SW1.
7. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 351 (previously
removed from SW2). Connect the other meter test lead
to the ground terminal. INFINITY should be measured.
TEST 75 - CHECK BATTERY VOLTAGE
CIRCUIT
8. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 0 (previously
removed from SW2). Connect the other meter test lead to
the ground terminal. CONTINUITY should be measured.
DISCUSSION:
If the 15 amp fuse blows immediately after
replacement, Wire 15 should be checked for a fault.
RESULTS:
PROCEDURE:
1. If the Set Exercise Switch (SW2) fails Step 3 or Step 4,
replace the switch.
2. If CONTINUITY was NOT measured in Step 6, OR if it
WAS measured in Step 7, repair or replace Wire 351
between SW2 and Connector J2.
3. If CONTINUITY was NOT measured in Step 8, repair or
replace Wire 0 between SW2 and the ground terminal.
TEST 74 - CHECK REMOTE START WIRING
(IF EQUIPPED)
DISCUSSION:
On some earlier models a remote start connection
was available. If these two wires are connected
together while the generator is in “AUTO,” the
generator will start.
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
2. Disconnect the 17-pin connector (J1) from the circuit
board.
3. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
4. Disconnect Wire 15 from the fuse holder (F1).
5. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 15 (removed from
fuse holder in previous step). Connect the other meter
test lead to the ground terminal. INFINITY should be
measured.
RESULTS:
1. If CONTINUITY was measured in Step 5, repair or
replace Wire 15 between the fuse holder (F1) and SW1,
or between SW1 and Connector J1.
2. If INFINITY was measured in Step 5, replace the circuit
board and retest.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
2. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
3. Disconnect the 17-pin connector (J1) from the circuit
board.
4. If the remote start connections have been used,
disconnect the customer wires from the terminal
connector at Wire 178 and Wire 183.
5. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 178 at the terminal
connector. Connect the other meter test lead to Wire
183 at the terminal connector. INFINITY should be
measured.
6. If the remote start connections have been used, connect
the meter test leads across customer supplied wiring. If
CONTINUITY is measured, customer supplied circuit is
causing startup.
RESULTS:
Page 118
TEST 76 - CHECK CRANKING AND RUNNING
CIRCUITS
DISCUSSION:
This test will check all of the circuits that are “HOT”
with battery voltage and which could cause the F1
Fuse to blow.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a VOM to measure resistance.
2. Disconnect the 17-pin connector (J1) from the circuit
board.
3. Connect one meter test lead to the ground terminal.
Connect the other meter test lead to each of the
following J1 Connector pin locations:
DC CONTROL
J1-4, Wire 194
If CONTINUITY was measured, go
to Step 4. Average nominal
resistance reading: 110-120 ohms.
J1-5, Wire 56
If CONTINUITY was measured, go
to Step 5. Average nominal
resistance reading V-twin (SCR):
150-160 ohms, Single Cylinder (SC):
4 ohms.
J1-10, Wire 15A
J1-7, Wire 14
SECTION 4.4
PART 4
If CONTINUITY was measured,
repair or replace shorted to ground
Wire 15A between Connector J1 and
switch SW1.
If CONTINUITY was measured, go
to Step 6.
NOTE: (V-twins only) Disconnect Wire 16 from the
Starter Contactor Relay (SCR). Connect one test
lead to ground and the other test lead to Wire 16.
Starter Contactor (SC) resistance should be
measured (?? ohms). If continuity is measured,
repair or replace shorted Starter Contactor or
shorted Wire 16 to ground.
4. Disconnect Wire 194 from the terminal strip. Repeat
Step 3 at Pin Location J1-4.
a. If CONTINUITY was measured, Wire 194 is
shorted to ground between Connector J1 and
terminal strip.
b. If INFINITY was measured, disconnect Wire 194
from the transfer switch terminal strip. Connect
one meter test lead to the end of Wire 194
which was removed from the transfer switch
terminal strip. Connect the other meter test lead
to the ground terminal. If CONTINUITY was
measured, Wire 194 is shorted to ground
between the generator and the transfer switch.
1) If INFINITY was measured, disconnect Wire
194 from the transfer relay (TR). Connect
one meter test lead to the transfer relay
terminal from which Wire 194 was
previously removed. Connect the other test
lead to Wire 23 at the transfer switch
terminal strip. If CONTINUITY “ZERO
RESISTANCE” was measured, replace the
transfer relay. Normal coil resistance is
approximately 113 ohms.
2) If coil resistance of 113 ohms was
measured, the short is in Wire 194 between
the transfer relay and the terminal strip.
Repair or replace Wire 194.
5. Disconnect Wire 56 From the starter contactor relay
(SCR on V-twin) or the starter contactor (SC on single
cylinder). Connect one meter test lead to the SCR or SC
terminal from which Wire 56 was removed. Connect the
other meter test lead to the ground terminal. If
CONTINUITY or zero resistance was measured,
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
replace the SCR or SC. Coil resistance for the SCR is
155 ohms. Coil resistance for the SC is 4 ohms. If coil
resistance was measured, Wire 56 is shorted to ground
between Connector J1 and the SCR or SC. Repair or
replace the shorted wire.
6. Disconnect and isolate each Wire 14 from the 4-tab
insulated terminal block. Repeat Step 3 for Pin Location
J1-7. If CONTINUITY was measured, repair or replace
Wire 14 between Connector J1 and the 4-tab terminal
block. If INFINITY was measured, proceed as follows:
a. Disconnect Wire 14 from the following: fuel
solenoid (FS), battery charge relay (BCR) and
hourmeter (HM) if equipped.
b. Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to the
ground terminal. Connect the positive (+) meter
test lead to each of the listed components at the
terminal from which Wire 14 was removed. If
CONTINUITY or zero resistance was measured,
the component has shorted to ground. Replace
the component. The average nominal resistance
value that should be measured for each
component is:
Battery Charge Relay (BCR) - 112 ohms
Fuel Solenoid (FS) - 31 ohms
Hourmeter (HM) - 2 Mega ohms to infinity
c. If each component tests good, there is no short
to ground. The fault exists in one of the Wire 14
wires. Connect one meter test lead to the
ground terminal. Connect the other meter test
lead to each Wire 14 individually (on the end
removed from the BCR, FS or HM). The Wire 14
which measures CONTINUITY is shorted to
ground. Repair or replace the affected wire
between the component and the 4-tab terminal
block.
TEST 77 - TEST EXERCISE FUNCTION
DISCUSSION:
The following parameters must be met in order for the
weekly exercise to occur:
• Auto-Off-Manual switch (SW1) set to AUTO.
• Circuit board DIP Switch 2 (Remote Not Auto) set to
OFF.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch (SW1) to MANUAL. The
generator should start. Set SW1 back to AUTO. Verify
that SW1 has been in AUTO for weekly exercise to
function.
2. Verify that DIP Switch 2 (Remote Not Auto) on the circuit
board is set to the OFF position (see Figure 1, Section
1.6).
Page 119
SECTION 4.4
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. Hold the Set Exercise switch until the generator starts
(approximately 10 seconds) and then release. The
generator will start and run for approximately 12
minutes and then shutdown on it’s own. The exerciser
will then be set to start and run at that time of that day
each week. If the unit does not start, go to Test 73.
Retest after performing Test 73. If the generator still will
not start, replace the circuit board. If the generator does
not start after depressing the Set Exercise switch, wait
one week and watch for exercise operation. If exercise
fails to operate, replace the circuit board.
Page 120
PART 4
DC CONTROL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART
PART 5
OPERATIONAL
TESTS
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
5.1
TITLE
System Functional Tests
SECTION 5.1
SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL TESTS
INTRODUCTION
Following home standby electric system installation
and periodically thereafter, the system should be
tested Functional tests of the system include the
following:
• Manual transfer switch operation.
• System voltage tests.
• Generator Tests Under Load.
• Testing automatic operation.
Before proceeding with functional tests, read
instructions and information on tags or decals affixed
to the generator and transfer switch. Perform all tests
in the exact order given in this section.
MANUAL TRANSFER SWITCH OPERATION
"V-TYPE" TRANSFER SWITCHES:
1. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to OFF.
OPERATIONAL TESTS
AND ADJUSTMENTS
PART 5
TRANSFER SWITCH MAY RESULT IN
DANGEROUS AND POSSIBLY LETHAL
ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
4. Remove the manual transfer handle from the enclosure.
5. Place open end of the manual transfer handle over
transfer switch operating lever.
6. To connect "Load" terminal lugs to the "Standby" power
source, move, the handle upward.
7. To connect "Load" terminals to the Utility" power source,
move the handle downward.
8. Actuate the switch to "Utility" and to MANUAL several
times. Make sure no evidence of binding or interference
is felt.
9. When satisfied that manual transfer switch operation is
correct, actuate the main contacts to their "Utility"
position ("Load" connected to the "Utility" power supply).
2. Turn OFF the "Utility" power supply to the transfer switch
using whatever means provided (such as a "Utility" main
line circuit breaker).
Complete electrical checks as follows:
3. Set the generator main line circuit breaker to OFF or
"Open".
1. Set the generator main circuit breaker to its OFF (or
open) position.
DANGER: BE SURE TO TURN OFF ALL
POWER VOLTAGE SUPPLIES TO THE
TRANSFER SWITCH BEFORE ATTEMPTING
MANUAL OPERATION. FAILURE TO TURN
OFF POWER VOLTAGE SUPPLIES TO THE
ELECTRICAL CHECKS
2. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to the “OFF “
position.
3. Turn off all loads connected to the transfer switch
terminals T1 and T2.
4. Turn on the utility power supply to the transfer switch
Figure 1. Manual Operation “V-Type” Switch
Page 122
OPERATIONAL TESTS
AND ADJUSTMENTS
PART 5
using the means provided (such as a utility main line
circuit breaker).
DANGER
THE TRANSFER SWITCH IS NOW
ELECTRICALLY “HOT.” CONTACT WITH “HOT”
PARTS WILL RESULT IN EXTREMELY
HAZARDOUS AND POSSIBLY FATAL
ELECTRICAL SHOCK. PROCEED WITH
CAUTION.
SECTION 5.1
SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL TESTS
13.Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF. The
engine should shut down.
NOTE: It is important that you do not proceed
until you are certain that generator AC voltage
and frequency are correct and within the stated
limits. Generally, if both AC frequency and
voltage are high or low, the engine governor
requires adjustment. If frequency is correct, but
voltage is high or low, the generator voltage
regulator requires adjustment.
GENERATOR TESTS UNDER LOAD
5. Use an accurate AC voltmeter to check utility power
source voltage across transfer switch terminals N1 and
N2. Nominal line-to-line voltage should be 240 volts AC.
To test the generator set with electrical loads applied,
proceed as follows:
6. Check utility power source voltage across terminals N1
and the transfer switch neutral lug; then across terminal
N2 and neutral. Nominal line-to-neutral voltage should
be 120 volts AC.
2. Turn OFF all loads connected to the Transfer Switch
Terminals T1 and T2.
7. When certain that utility supply voltage is compatible
with transfer switch and load circuit ratings, turn OFF
the utility power supply to the transfer switch.
8. On the generator panel, set the Auto-Off-Manual switch
to MANUAL. The engine should crank and start.
9. Let the engine warm up for about five minutes to allow
internal temperatures to stabilize. Then, set the
generator main circuit breaker to its “ON” (or closed)
position.
DANGER
PROCEED WITH CAUTION! GENERATOR
POWER VOLTAGE IS NOW SUPPLIED TO THE
TRANSFER SWITCH. CONTACT WITH LIVE
TRANSFER SWITCH PARTS WILL RESULT IN
DANGEROUS AND POSSIBLY FATAL
ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
1. Set generator main circuit breaker to its OFF (or open)
position.
3. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF.
4. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using the means provided (such as a utility main line
circuit breaker).
DO NOT ATTEMPT MANUAL TRANSFER
SWITCH OPERATION UNTIL ALL POWER
VOLTAGE SUPPLIES TO THE TRANSFER
SWITCH HAVE BEEN POSITIVELY TURNED
OFF. FAILURE TO TURN OFF ALL POWER
VOLTAGE SUPPLIES WILL RESULT IN
EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS AND POSSIBLY
FATAL ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
5. Manually set the transfer switch to the STANDBY
position, i.e., load terminals connected to the generator
E1/E2 terminals. The transfer switch operating lever
should be down.
10.Connect an accurate AC voltmeter and a frequency
meter across transfer switch terminal lugs E1 and E2.
Voltage should be 242-252 volts; frequency should read
about 61-63 Hertz.
6. Set the generator Auto-Off-Manual switch to MANUAL.
The engine should crank and start immediately.
11.Connect the AC voltmeter test leads across terminal lug
E1 and neutral; then across E2 and neutral. In both
cases, voltage reading should be 121-126 volts AC.
8. Set the generator main circuit breaker to its ON (or
closed) position. Loads are now powered by the standby
generator.
12.Set the generator main circuit breaker to its OFF (or
open) position. Let the engine run at no-load for a few
minutes to stabilize internal engine generator
temperatures.
9. Turn ON electrical loads connected to transfer switch T1
and T2. Apply an electrical load equal to the full rated
wattage/amperage capacity of the installed generator.
7. Let the engine stabilize and warm up for a few minutes.
Page 123
SECTION 5.1
SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL TESTS
10.Connect an accurate AC voltmeter and a frequency
meter across terminal lugs E1 and E2. Voltage should
be greater than 230 volts; frequency should be greater
than 58 Hertz.
11.Let the generator run at full rated load for 20-30 minutes.
Listen for unusual noises, vibration or other indications
of abnormal operation. Check for oil leaks, evidence of
overheating, etc.
12.When testing under load is complete, turn OFF electrical
loads.
13.Set the generator main circuit breaker to its OFF (or
open) position.
14.Let the engine run at no-load for a few minutes.
15.Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF. The engine
should shut down.
CHECKING AUTOMATIC OPERATION
To check the system for proper automatic operation,
proceed as follows:
1. Set generator main circuit breaker to its OFF (or open)
position.
2. Check that the Auto-Off-Manual switch is set to OFF.
3. Turn off the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using means provided (such as a utility main line circuit
breaker).
OPERATIONAL TESTS
AND ADJUSTMENTS
PART 5
With the Auto-Off-Manual switch at “AUTO,” the
engine should crank and start when the utility source
power is turned off. After starting, the transfer switch
should connect load circuits to the standby side. Let
the system go through its entire automatic sequence
of operation.
With the generator running and loads powered by
generator AC output, turn ON the utility power supply
to the transfer switch. The following should occur:
• After about six seconds, the switch should transfer
loads back to the utility power source.
• About one minute after retransfer, the engine
should shut down.
SETTING THE EXERCISE TIMER
The generator is equipped with an exercise timer.
Once it is set, the generator will start and exercise
once every seven days, on the day of the week and at
the time of day you complete the following sequence.
During this exercise period, the unit runs for
approximately 12 minutes and then shuts down.
Transfer of loads to the generator output does not
occur during the exercise cycle.
A switch on the control panel (see Figure 1, Section
1.6) allows you to select the day and time for system
exercise. To select the desired day and time of day,
you must perform the following sequence at that time.
1. Verify that the Auto-Off-Manual switch is set
to AUTO.
2. Hold down the set timer switch until the generator starts
(approximately 10 seconds) and then release.
4. Manually set the transfer switch to the UTILITY position,
i.e., load terminals connected to the utility power source
side.
3. The generator will start and run for approximately 12
minutes and then shut down on its own. The exerciser
will then be set to run at that time of day every week.
5. Turn on the utility power supply to the transfer switch,
using the means provided (such as a utility main line
circuit breaker).
NOTE: The exerciser will only work in the AUTO
mode and will not work unless this procedure is
performed. The exerciser will need to be reset
every time the 12 volt battery is disconnected and
then reconnected. The exerciser WILL NOT work
if dip switch 2 (Remote Not Auto) on the controller
printed circuit board is “ON.”
6. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to AUTO. The system is
now ready for automatic operation.
7. Turn OFF the utility power supply to the transfer switch.
Page 124
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART
6.1
PART 6
DISASSEMBLY
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
TITLE
Major Disassembly
SECTION 6.1
MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
PART 6
DISASSEMBLY
MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
STATOR/ROTOR/ENGINE REMOVAL:
For stator removal, follow Steps 1-14. For rotor
removal, follow Steps 1-15. For Engine removal follow
Steps 1-16.
1. Remove door.
2. Set the Auto-Off-Manual switch to OFF. Disconnect
battery cables. Remove Fuse F1. Remove the utility
power source to the generator. Turn off fuel supply to
the generator.
3. Remove Control Panel Cover: Using a 10 mm socket,
remove the control panel cover. Remove two nuts
located on back panel using a 7mm socket. Remove two
control panel screws.
4. Disconnect Stator Leads/Connectors: Remove the
stator leads (Wire 11 and Wire 44) from the main circuit
breaker. Remove the stator leads (Wire 22 and Wire 33)
from the neutral lug. Unplug connectors C1 and C2 from
the control panel. For control panel removal only,
remove Wires N1/N2 and Wires 23/194 from the
terminal strip, and the ground and neutral wires from the
control panel.
Figure 1. Exhaust Side Enclosure Removed
8. Remove Exhaust Pipe: Using a 13mm socket, loosen
the exhaust clamp and remove the exhaust pipe.
9. Remove Fan Housing Cover: Using a 10 mm socket,
remove the six (6) bolts from each side of the fan
housing cover. Remove the fan housing cover.
10.Remove Rotor Bolt: Using a 9/16 socket, remove one
rotor bolt.
11.Remove Fan: Attach a steering wheel puller to the fan
using two (2) M8 X 1.25 bolts. Remove fan from rotor.
5. Disconnect Fuel Hoses: Remove the two fuel hoses at
the air box assembly. Some models are equipped with
an additional third fuel hose. Remove it also if equipped.
Pull hoses back into the battery compartment. For
control panel removal only remove Wire Nos. 0 and 14
from the fuel solenoid.
6. Remove Front and Back Exhaust Enclosure Covers:
Using a 10mm socket, remove the five bolts and four
nuts from the exhaust covers. Remove the covers.
Remove the nut and bolt attaching to the roof left side
folding support and bottom support bracket.
7. Remove Exhaust Side Enclosure: Using a 10mm
socket with a 2 1/2” extension remove the four (4)
bottom enclosure bolts, and six (6) side enclosure bolts.
Remove the enclosure.
Figure 2. Using a Steering Wheel Puller to
Remove Fan From Rotor
12.Remove Muffler Box/Side Cover and Alternator
panel Divider: Using a 10mm socket, remove the three
bolts from the top of the muffler box cover that attach to
the muffler side cover, and two bolts from the side of the
muffler box cover that attach to the alternator divider
plate. Remove the muffler box cover.
Remove the four bolts that attach the alternator divider
panel. Three are connected on the left side to the back
enclosure panel, and one is connected to the enclosure
base on the bottom right corner.
Page 126
DISASSEMBLY
PART 6
SECTION 6.1
MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
Remove the two bolts attaching the muffler side cover to
the back enclosure panel. They are located in the center
of the back panel. Remove the alternator panel and
muffler side cover as an assembly.
Figure 5. Rear Bearing Carrier Removed
Figure 3
13.Remove Muffler: Using a 13mm socket, remove the
four muffler hold down bolts. Remove the four exhaust
manifold nuts. Remove the muffler and muffler base
panel.
14.Stator Removal: Using a 13mm socket, remove the
two nuts from the alternator mounting bracket/rubber
mounts. Lift the back end of the alternator up and place
a 2"x 4" piece of wood under the engine adapter.
Figure 6. Removing the Stator
15.Rotor Removal: Cut 2.5 inches from the rotor bolt. Slot
the end of the bolt to suit a flat blade screwdriver. Slide
the rotor bolt back through the rotor and use a
screwdriver to screw it into the crankshaft. Use a 3"
M12x1.75 bolt to screw into rotor. Apply torque to the 3"
M12x1.75 bolt until taper breaks. If necessary, when
torque is applied to 3" M12x1.75 bolt, use a rubber
mallet on the end of the rotor shaft to break taper.
Figure 4. Engine Adapter Supported by
2”x4” Piece of Wood
Using a 1/4" socket, remove Wire 0 and Wire 4 from the
brush assembly. Remove the two brush assembly hold
down bolts. Remove the brushes.
Using a 13mm socket, remove the four stator hold down
bolts. Using a small rubber mallet remove the rear
bearing carrier. Remove the stator.
Page 127
SECTION 6.1
MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
PART 6
DISASSEMBLY
Using a 10mm socket, remove the six (6) nuts attaching
the control panel to the side/back enclosure and the
engine divider panel. Remove the two (2) nuts
connected to the back enclosure located on the top side
of control panel. Remove the two (2) nuts located
underneath the middle of the control panel, connecting
to the back/side enclosure and the engine divider panel.
Remove the two (2) nuts from the front top side of the
control panel, connecting to the back/side enclosure
and the engine divider panel. Remove the control panel.
Figure 7. Removing the Rotor
16.Remove Engine: Using a 13mm socket, remove the
two engine mount nuts, and ground wires. Remove the
engine.
17. Reverse the previous steps to re-assemble.
3. Remove Engine Divider Panel: Using a 10mm socket,
remove the remove the two (2) nuts attached to the
back enclosure. Remove the two bolts attached to the
base enclosure. Remove the engine divider panel.
4. Remove Intake manifolds: Using a 6mm allen wrench,
remove the four (4) socket head cap screws from the
intake manifolds. Remove the intake manifolds. Remove
the air intake snorkel.
5. Remove Air Box: Using a 5/32 allen wrench, remove
the four (4) air box allen head shoulder bolts. While
removing the air box remove the four rubber washers
and disconnect the throttle linkage and anti-lash spring.
6. Unbolt Oil Cooler: Using a 10mm socket, remove the
four (4) oil cooler bolts.
7. Remove Blower Housing: Using an 8mm socket,
remove the nine (9) bolts around the blower housing.
Remove the blower housing.
Figure 8. Removing the Engine
FRONT ENGINE ACCESS
1. Follow Stator/Rotor/Engine removal procedures, Steps
1-5.
2. Control Panel Removal: Using a 7mm socket remove
the eight bolts from male connectors C1 and C2.
Remove connectors engine divider panel.
Figure 9. C1 and C2 Connectors Located on the
Engine Divider Panel
Page 128
8. Remove flywheel: Use a 36mm socket, a steering
wheel puller, two (2) M8x1.25 bolts and a 13 mm socket.
Remove the flywheel hex nut, remove the fan plate and
fan. Install the puller using the M8x1.25 bolts and
remove the flywheel.
TORQUE REQUIREMENTS (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED)
CYLINDER HEAD BOLTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 FT-LBS
FLYWHEEL NUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 FT-LBS
STATOR BOLTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 FT-LBS
ROTOR BOLT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 FT-LBS
ENGINE ADAPTER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 FT-LBS
EXHAUST MANIFOLD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 FT-LBS
INTAKE MANIFOLD (TO CYLINDER HEAD) . . . . . 22 FT-LBS
M5-0.8 TAPTITE SCREW INTO ALUMINUM . . . 25-50 IN-LBS
M5-0.8 TAPTITE SCREW INTO PIERCED HOLE 25-50 IN-LBS
M6-1.0 TAPTITE SCREW INTO ALUMINUM . . . 50-96 IN-LBS
M6-1.0 TAPTITE SCREW INTO PIERCED HOLE 50-96 IN-LBS
M6-1.0 TAPTITE SCREW INTO WELDNUT . . . . 50-96 IN-LBS
M8-1.25 TAPTITE SCREW INTO ALUMINUM . . 12-18 FT-LBS
M6-1.0 NYLOK NUT ONTO STUD . . . . . . . . . . . 16-65 IN-LBS
NOTE: TORQUES ARE DYNAMIC VALUES WITH
±10% TOLERANCE UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DWG #
PART 7
ELECTRICAL
DATA
Air-cooled, Prepackaged
Automatic Standby Generators
Models:
6 kW NG, 7 kW LP
12 kW NG, 12 kW LP
13 kW NG, 15 kW LP
0D9014-B
0D9015-B
0D9016-B
0D9017-B
0E7687A
0E7815A
0E7687
0E7815
TITLE
WIRING DIAGRAM, 7 KW HSB
SCHEMATIC, 7 KW HSB
WIRING DIAGRAM, 12 & 15 KW HSB
SCHEMATIC, 12 & 15 KW HSB
WIRING DIA., 8 CIRCUIT LOAD CENTER
SCHEMATIC, 8 CIRCUIT LOAD CENTER
WIRING DIA., 10/12 CIRC. LOAD CENTER
SCHEMATIC, 12/12 CIRC. LOAD CENTER
WIRING DIAGRAM, 7 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9014 (1 OF 2)
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALTERNATOR EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
DSW - PCB MOUNTED DIP SWITCH
FS - FUEL SOLENOID
F1 - FUSE 15 AMP
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
3
ENGINE WIRING
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IC - INLINE CONNECTOR
ICT - INTERCONNECTION TERMINALS
IM - IGNITION MODULE
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SP - SPARK PLUG
BATTERY
(UTILITY)
14
2
1
0 13
225B
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TB - INSULATED TERMINAL BLOCK
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
224B
FS
13
13
0
0
225B
224B
0
14
14
14
IC
TB
D
SP
0
0
14
6
0
IM
0
18
85
14
85
4
86
3
IC
HTO
2
0
4
13
13
1
C1
13
86
IC
4
56
85
86
LOP
18
56
351
1
13
14
0
18
56
351
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
RED
BLACK
14
66A
239
15A
12
SC
4
23
194
56
18
15
17 16 15 14
J1
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
4 5
225
224
16
ON -
-
+
12V
BATTERY
1 - 20 Vac Sense Transformer
SM
2 - Remote Not Auto
3 - 50 Hz Operation
4 - SPARE
CUSTOMER SUPPLIED
L.E.D - ALARM INDICATORS
WIRING - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
Page 130
7.0kW HSB
DRAWING #: 0E9014
WIRING DIAGRAM, 7 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9014 (2 OF 2)
CONTROL PANEL BOX
225
224
224A
225A
224A
225A
TX
4
BCR
CB2
STATOR
N1
9
N2
66
13
162
77
2
224B
0
225B
224B
14
4
0
4
66
14
4
11
11
1
2
8
6
7
11
1
6
2
0
9
11
6
22
55
66A
22
13
225
4
4
0
0
66A
11
3
44
6
162
N1
224
66
4
0
6
N2
77
0
162
1
77
55
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
C2
66A
4
22
33
22
33
0
0
0
4
44
4
0
0
0
11
55
N1
1
0
13
225
0
224
GRD
0
0
0
G
0 0
351
194
23
N1
1
351
1
L
23
13
194
66A
11
1
CB3
0
13
N
G
13
0
13
239
3
L
17
351
0
15
G
1a
1
15
1b
G
SW2
MANUAL
+
-
240V GENERATOR
OUTPUT TO TRANSFER
SWITCH CONTACTOR
0
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
CUSTOMER
CONNECTION
240VAC UTILITY INPUT
15
15B
12Vdc TRANSFER
RELAY COIL
15
LINE
5
SW1
NEUTRAL CONNECTION
17
1
HOT
15A
HOT
F2
15A
N1
WHITE
239
15
0
N2
N
EXTERNAL
GFCI
WHITE
0
66A
239
23
194
15A
WIRING - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
7.0kW HSB
DRAWING #: 0E9014
Page 131
SCHEMATIC, 7 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9015 (1 OF 2)
11
1
11
1
22
0
3
225A
224A
1
11
22
0
22
225A
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
225A
224
9
1
3
224A
13
77
C2-1
77
BCR
66
0
14
13
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
77
66
C2-2
0
0
0
C2-4
55
11
1
BA
0
22
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
FIELD
HTO
0
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
C2-9
4
0
SW2
C1-4
14
C1-3
C2-3
4
4
0
66A
0
23
6
162
194
C2-11
6
CB2
0
C2-7
C2-8
351
85
86
225
194
14
224
66A
6
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
23
4
1 2 3 4 5
239
66A
J2
J1
4
6
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
DIAGRAM KEY
9
10
11
1
12
2
13
3
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
15
5
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
17
7
23
194
56
18
239
15A
17
15
0
225
224
D - DIODE
F1
- FUSE 15 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM - IGNITION MODULE
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SP - SPARK PLUG
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM
- STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
SCHEMATIC - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
Page 132
DRAWING #: 0E9015
SCHEMATIC, 7 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9015 (2 OF 2)
11
1
11
1
C2-6
22
22
C2-5
TX
N2
2
225A
N1
1
56VA
N2
UTILITY
INPUT
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
N1
1
224
+
F1
F2
15B
15
22
15
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
15
12VDC ACCESSORY
SOCKET
13
0-
13
23
194
22
13
N
17
22
15
0
33
17
0
13
15A
15 15
120V
POWER
WINDING
(STATOR)
SW1
120V
N
239
44
CB1
23
11
1
194
11
1
239
240V
N
G
G
CB3
15
13
RED
L
C1-2
15A 17 15
SC
14
14
56
18
14
56
G
C1-1
SM
0
18
15A
17
15
0
SC
FS
0
0
N
L
BATTERY
12V
C1-6
0
BLACK
18
C1-5
IM
D
G
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
SP
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
SCHEMATIC - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
DRAWING #: 0E9015
Page 133
WIRING DIAGRAM, 12 & 15 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9016 (1 OF 2)
DIAGRAM KEY
ENGINE WIRING
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - MAIN OUTPUT BREAKER
CB3 D DSW FS -
3
2
1 BATTERY
CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
DIODE
PCB MOUNTED DIP SWITCH
FUEL SOLENOID
CHARGER
F2 - FUSE 7.5 AMP
GRD - CONTROL PANEL GROUND
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IC - INLINE CONNECTOR
ICT - INTERCONNECTION TERMINALS
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
2
1
0 13
14
225B
224B
FS
13
13
0
0
14
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
224B
225B
0
SM - STARTER MOTOR
TB - INSULATED TERMINAL BLOCK
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
14
0
0
14
14
14
IC
D
SP1
14
0
0
IM1
4
85
3
86
D
SP2
0
18
18
13
1
IC
13
15
85
C1
IM2
13
16
86
85
16
16
SCR
15
351
1
18
85
A
B
56
0
351
86
HTO
14
18
0
56
85
86
86
18
1 2 3 4 5
56
LOP
J1
0
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
J2
14
4
23
194
56
18
14
66A
1234
10
BLACK
15A
17 16 15 14 13 12
RED
0
225
224
ON
13
ON
-
+
SM
16
CUSTOMER SUPPLIED
1 - 20 Vac Sense Transformer
2 - Remote Not Auto
3 - 50 Hz Operation
12V
BATTERY
15
4 - SPARE
SC
L.E.D - ALARM INDICATORS
WIRING - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
Page 134
HOME STANDBY
DRAWING #: 0E9016
WIRING DIAGRAM, 12 & 15 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9016 (2 OF 2)
225
224
CONTROL PANEL BOX
224A
225A
224A
225A
CLOSEST TO BEARING
TX
BCR
B
CB2
4
N1
0
N2
13
66
0
224B
224B
225B
225B
STATOR
162
77
2
4
2
66
14
6
0
2
14
4
0
13
0
N2
N1
225
6
22
11
11
1
11
1
6
22
22
22
5
4
4
0
0
77 66
6
162
77
66
11
44
1
0
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
66A
4
0
55
3
6
162
224
11
8
0
55
C2
0
66A
0
0
0
0
33
55
4
0
0 0
0
22
N1
1
13
15
GRD
0
0
351
1
0 0
13
225
0 G
194
194
23
23
N2
N2
224
194
15
13
23
N1
1
N1
1
351
1
4
CB3
L
66A
23
194
11
1
11
15A
11
44
22
N
0
0
G
23
N2
194
N1
EXTERNAL
GFCI
13
13
15
33
239
66A
F2
F1
15
2
15A
15A
351
17
L
0
239
17
SW1
1a
1
15
SW2
AUTO
+
G
1b
15B
-
0
240V GENERATOR
OUTPUT TO TRANSFER
SWITCH CONTACTOR
240VAC UTILITY INPUT
15
12Vdc TRANSFER
RELAY COIL
15
NEUTRAL CONNECTION
15
0
225
224
MANUAL
0
CUSTOMER
CONNECTION
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
WIRING - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
HOME STANDBY
DRAWING #: 0E9016
Page 135
SCHEMATIC, 12 & 15 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9017 (1 OF 2)
11
1
11
1
22
22
225A
3
225A
224A
1
BATTERY
CHARGER
13
11
224A
225
225B
13
224B
2
1
224
7 9
7
1
0
6
9
3
BCR
4
13
13
0
77
C2-1
77
0
0
BATTERY CHARGE
WINDING
66
66
22
0
0
HTO
C2-11
11
1
4
0
0
FIELD
0
LOP
ENGINE RUN
WINDING
(STATOR)
0
C2-9
C2-10
4
0
55
BA
22
ELECTRONIC
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
13
14
SW2
C1-4
14
C2-3
C1-3
15A
4
0
66A
0
85
6
162
23
86
C1-6
6
CB2
C2-8
13
194
4
0
351
225
66A
2
DPE WINDING
(STATOR)
14
224
C2-7
1
5
J2
J1
1
3
5
7
CONTROL
PRINTED CIRCUIT
BOARD
9
11
1
DIAGRAM KEY
BA - BRUSH ASSEMBLY
BCR - BATTERY CHARGE RELAY
CB1 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, MAIN OUTPUT
CB2 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, ALT. EXCITATION
CB3 - CIRCUIT BREAKER, EXTERNAL OUTLET, PUSH/PULL
D - DIODE
FS
- FUEL SOLENOID
F1
- FUSE 15 AMP
F2
- FUSE 7.5 AMP
HTO - HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
IM1 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #1
IM2 - IGNITION MODULE, CYLINDER #2
LOP - LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
SC - STARTER CONTACTOR
SCR - STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
SP1, SP2 - SPARK PLUGS
SW1 - AUTO / OFF / MANUAL SWITCH
SW2 - SET EXERCISE SWITCH
SM
- STARTER MOTOR
TX - TRANSFORMER, 16 Vac 56 VA & 16 Vac 1 VA (DUAL SEC.)
13
3
14
4
15
5
16
6
17
7
4
239
23
194
86
23
194
56
18
14
66A
15A
239
15A
17
15
0
225
224
SCHEMATIC - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
Page 136
HSB
DRAWING #: 0E9017
SCHEMATIC, 12 & 15 KW HOME STANDBY
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E9017 (2 OF 2)
11
1
C2-6
22
C2-5
TX
225A
N2
240VAC
UTILITY
INPUT
N1
1
56VA
N2
N2
224A
225
N1
12Vdc
TRANSFER
RELAY
COIL
23
1VA
194
224
N1
+
-
0
12VDC ACCESSORY SOCKET
194 23
15B
11
CUSTOMER
CONNECTIONS
22
13
22
17
13
0
15B
N
F1
15
F2
22
15
33
0
15 15A
SW1
15A
15
120V
POWER
WINDING
239
120V
N
17
15
44
23
23
194
194
11
CB
11
1
13
0
11
239
239
14
14
N
240V
CB3
15
0
13
17
L
RED
C2-1
15
SC
SCR
15
N
56
18
16
16
L
14
C1-1
0
FS
0
0
17
15
0
0
0
BATTERY
12V
SM
G
BLACK
CUSTOMER
SUPPLIED
G
18
EXTERNAL
GFCI
OUTLET
G
IM1
D
SP1
18
C1-5
IM2
D
SP2
SCHEMATIC - DIAGRAM
REVISION: *
DATE: 11/03/03
HSB
DRAWING #: 0E9017
Page 137
WIRING DIAGRAM, 8 CIRCUIT LOAD CENTER
DRAWING #0E7687A
Page 138
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
SCHEMATIC, 8 CIRCUIT LOAD CENTER
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E7815A
E1
1
N1A
194
194
23
23
9
E1
6
N1A
126
194
12Vdc TRANSER
COIL
194
A
23
TR
TS TO
GENERATOR
CONTROL PANEL
OPEN
B
23
F2
205
N2A
N2
N2
N1
1
N1
E1
1
BLACK
E2
RED
240VAC
OUTPUT
F1
N1A
N1A
N1A
E1
1
E1
E2
B
NEUTRAL
CONNECTION
INSIDE SWITCH
NEUTRAL (WHITE)
NEUTRAL (WHITE)
N2A
126
B
RED (MAIN 2)
205
N1A
N2A
TO GENERATOR
OUTPUT
CIRCUIT BREAKER
240VAC TO
MAIN DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
BLACK (MAIN 1)
E1
1
NO
NC
NC
NO
E2
E2
XB
XA
COM
COM
BLU
15A/120V CIRCUIT 6
VIO
15A/120V CIRCUIT 5
YLW
20A/120V CIRCUIT 2
T1
1
BRN
30A/240V CIRCUIT 1
T2
BRN/WHT
30A/240V CIRCUIT 3
YLW/WHT
15A/120V CIRCUIT 4
GRY
15A/120V CIRCUIT 7
PNK
15A/120V CIRCUIT 8
B
N2A
A
C1
T1
T2
ATS
N2A
B E2
B
E2
CUSTOMER
CIRCUIT
CONNECTION
LC
LEGEND
ATS-AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH
C1-UTILITY COIL & RECTIFIER
C2-GENERATOR COIL & RECTIFIER
F1,F2-5A, 600V FUSE
LC-CIRCUIT BREAKER (LOADS)
TR-TRANSFER RELAY
TS-TERMINAL STRIP
XA,XB-LIMIT SWITCHES
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
HSB X-FER SWITCH, 8 CIR.
0E7815A
Page 139
WIRING DIAGRAM, 10 & 12 CIRCUIT LOAD CENTER
DRAWING #07687
Page 140
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
SCHEMATIC, 10 & 12 CIRCUIT LOAD CENTER
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
DRAWING #0E7815
E1
N1A
194
194
23
23
9
E1
6
N1A
126
194
12Vdc TRANSER
COIL
194
A
23
TR
TS TO
GENERATOR
CONTROL PANEL
OPEN
B
23
F2
205
N2A
N2
N2
N1
N1
E1
BLACK
E2
RED
240VAC
OUTPUT
F1
N1A
N1A
N1A
E1
E1
E2
B
NEUTRAL
CONNECTION
INSIDE SWITCH
NEUTRAL (WHITE)
NEUTRAL (WHITE)
N2A
126
B
RED (MAIN 2)
205
N1A
N2A
TO GENERATOR
OUTPUT
CIRCUIT BREAKER
240VAC TO
MAIN DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
BLACK (MAIN 1)
E1
NO
NC
NC
NO
20A/120V CIRCUIT 10
ORG
15A/120V CIRCUIT 9
BLU
20A/120V CIRCUIT 6
VIO
15A/120V CIRCUIT 5
YEL
20A/240V CIRCUIT 2
T1
BRN
30A/240V CIRCUIT 1
T2
BRN/WHT
30A/240V CIRCUIT 3
YEL/WHT
20A/240V CIRCUIT 4
GRY
15A/120V CIRCUIT 7
PNK
20A/120V CIRCUIT 8
E2
XB
XA
COM
BLU/WHT
E2
COM
B
N2A
A
C1
T1
T2
ATS
N2A
B E2
B
E2
LEGEND
ATS-AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH
C1-UTILITY COIL & RECTIFIER
C2-GENERATOR COIL & RECTIFIER
F1,F2-5A, 600V FUSE
LC-CIRCUIT BREAKER (LOADS)
TR-TRANSFER RELAY
TS-TERMINAL STRIP
XA,XB-LIMIT SWITCHES
VIO/WHT
15A/120V CIRCUIT 11
ORG/WHT
15A/120V CIRCUIT 12
CUSTOMER
CIRCUIT
CONNECTION
LC
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
HSB X-FER SWITCH, 12 CIR.
0E7815
Page 141
NOTES
Page 142
PART 7
ELECTRICAL DATA
ELECTRICAL FORMULAS
TO FIND
KNOWN VALUES
1-PHASE
3-PHASE
KILOWATTS (kW)
Volts, Current, Power Factor
ExI
1000
E x I x 1.73 x PF
1000
KVA
Volts, Current
ExI
1000
E x I x 1.73
1000
AMPERES
kW, Volts, Power Factor
kW x 1000
E
kW x 1000
E x 1.73 x PF
WATTS
Volts, Amps, Power Factor
Volts x Amps
E x I x 1.73 x PF
NO. OF ROTOR
POLES
Frequency, RPM
2 x 60 x Frequency
RPM
2 x 60 x frequency
RPM
FREQUENCY
RPM, No. of Rotor Poles
RPM x Poles
2 x 60
RPM x Poles
2 x 60
RPM
Frequency, No. of Rotor Poles
2 x 60 x Frequency
Rotor Poles
2 x 60 x Frequency
Rotor Poles
kW (required for
Motor)
Motor Horsepower, Efficiency
HP x 0.746
Efficiency
HP x 0.746
Efficiency
RESISTANCE
Volts, Amperes
E
I
E
I
VOLTS
Ohm, Amperes
IxR
IxR
AMPERES
Ohms, Volts
E
R
E
R
E = VOLTS
I = AMPERES
R = RESISTANCE (OHMS)
PF = POWER FACTOR
Page 143
Part No. 0F4676
Revision * (02/25/05)
Catalog No. DMASPAS.07.1
Printed in U.S.A.
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