i-STS Model G Static Transfer Switch 400 – 1600A Users Manual

i-STS Model G Static Transfer Switch 400 – 1600A Users Manual
i-STS Model G
Static Transfer Switch
400 – 1600A
Users Manual
April 2012
Contents
1. System Description
1.1 Static Transfer Switch
3
2. System Display Panel
2.1 Overview
5
2.2 Controls
6
2.3 LCD Display
7
3. STS Operation
3.1 Overview
10
3.2 User I/O & Controls
12
4. Maintenance Bypass
4.1 Overview
14
4.2 To Maintenance Bypass Procedure
17
4.3 Reinstatement from Maintenance Bypass Procedure
18
5. Fault Diagnosis
5.1 Interpretation of LCD Event List
19
5.2 Load Fault
22
6. Maintenance
6.1 Overview
22
7. Detailed System Description
7.1 Overview
23
8. Specifications
8.1 Operating Parameters
26
8.2 Main Item Components
27
9. Contact
9.1 Contact Details
28
2
1. System Description
1-1
1.1 Static Transfer Switch (STS)
The Static Transfer Switch (STS) provides power and redundancy to items requiring /
having only a single AC supply. The STS selects this supply from one of two input
AC supplies. If one of the supply sources becomes unavailable the STS will
automatically transfer the critical load to the alternative AC supply source.
Manual selection of supply is also possible.
This Static Transfer Switch has 3 identical and symmetrical switches, one for each
phase of the 3-phase AC supply output.
fig. 1. An example of a 3 pole STS
This STS implementation uses Break-Before-Make transfer characteristics to ensure
that the two sources are never paralleled so that the failure of one supply source has
no impact on the other. The supplies can be truly independent.
The installed STS is a 4 Pole switch (3-pole only shown in Fig 1) where the neutral is
also switched. The arrangement for the 4th pole is identical to each of the poles as
shown above. In the case for the neutral the transfer is overlapping.
Upon incoming supply failure or degradation of the selected supply the STS
immediately transfers the critical load to the alternative stand-by source.
The break time is usually less than one millisecond, however under worst case
conditions, can be up to 5 milli-seconds.
In the case of down stream load fault conditions, the fault current drawn from the
supply may degrade or damage the supply sources as a consequence should a fault
current exist in the load the STS will inhibit a transfer to the alternate source even if
this causes source supply degradation or loss. At least the fault will not be
3
1. System Description
1-1
transferred to the alternate supply with the possibility of degrading both sources. The
current threshold for isolation is pre-set and is dependent on factors such as the
capacity of the supply sources, line impedance and the line protection schemes
employed for each STS.
The STS is completely self-contained with its own detection, logic, display and
controls.
4
2. System Display Panel
2-1
2.1 Overview.
The system display panel consists of an LED mimic, LCD information display,
(optional) and control pushbuttons. The optional LCD display is fitted to these units
though it is not required for normal operation.
1
2
3
!
fig. 2. The system display panel.
1. LCD display
2. Control pushbuttons
3. MIMIC display
5
2. System Display Panel
2-2
2.2 Controls
The LCD control pushbuttons are as follows:
Scroll across for more
Scroll down for next
Transfer to alternate supply
!
Cancel audible/acknowledge alarm/lamp test
The TRANSFER pushbutton forms part of the mimic display and is standard on all
units. The operator merely pushes the transfer pushbutton to effect a transfer to the
alternate supply.
The availability of supply 1 and 2 is indicated by their respective supply LEDs. The
synchronization hold-off LED is located between the two supply LEDs. Green is in
synchronism.
LEDs 1 and 2 indicate which source is supplying the critical load.
All LEDs are bi-colour where GREEN indicates the normal or on state.
An alarm LED indicates an unacceptable, alarm or fault condition. Information as to
the cause of the alarm condition is available from the LCD event history or the status
LEDs located on the control board on the inside of the front door.
The alarm LED and audible alarm (if available) can be cancelled by pressing the
Alarms Cancel pushbutton below the ALARM LED. Transfers if inhibited by a control
function can be reset by pressing the ALARM cancel pushbutton for 6 seconds.
(Refer to fault and remedial actions that may be required first).
6
2. System Display Panel
2-3
2.3 LCD Display
The LCD display provides information on the operation of the Static Transfer Switch.
None of the function selections available on the LCD cause a change of source
selection or STS state.
The LCD menus are structured in a hierarchy through which the operator navigates
by use of the LCD control pushbuttons.
fig. 3. LCD Hierarchy
The pushbutton exits the hierarchal tree and returns the operator to the Status
Screen. From there the following submenus are available.
7
2. System Display Panel
2-3
2.3.1 Variables Menu
This menu item shows the input & output variables.













Output Voltage R, W & B phase.
Output Current R, W, & B phase.
Output Power Factor.
Output Power (kWatts).
Output Power (kVA)
Frequency for each source
1 Source Input Voltage R phase.
1 Source Input Voltage W phase.
1 Source Input Voltage B phase.
2 Source Input Voltage R phase.
2 Source Input Voltage W phase.
2 Source Input Voltage B phase.
Phase Angle between Sources 1 & 2
2.3.2 Events List
Real time event list – 200 most recent events
(see fault diagnosis section for explanation of events)
2.3.3 Settings Menu
This menu item provides a facility for adjusting STS settings and calibrations.
2.3.3.1 Password
Restricted access to set-up menus (optional menu item).
2 levels of access (000) and (123), can be changed by user
2.3.3.2 Date / Time
Date and Time adjustment.
This menu item displays general information about the equipment.
2.3.3.3 Contact details
Service contact numbers.
Model Specification, Software & Firmware revision status.
2.3.3.4 Internal Settings (Needs Special PASSWORD for access)
Access to calibration submenus including:
Source 1 Voltage
Transient Hi /Lo
Steady State Hi / Lo
Source 2 Voltage
Transient Hi /Lo
Steady State Hi / Lo
8
2. System Display Panel
2-3
Output Voltage
Transient Hi /Lo
Steady State Hi / Lo
Output Current
Overcurrent Threshold
Overload I2t (time and current)
Settings
Re-Transfer
Delay / no of re-tries
Preferred Source Selection
Diagnostics
2.3.3.5 Synch Angle Detection Setting
Provides access to adjust the allowable not in synchronism transfer. (Default is 9o and is
adjustable between 5o – 30o), Manual transfers are inhibited when supplies are outside this
range, however, automatic transfers will experience a 50 msec break, settable (0 – 150 msec).
2.3.4 Status
This menu item provides details on the equipment operating status and event history.
STS Status
Status summary of the Static Transfer Switch. Provides information on any active
alarm or fault conditions.
Alarms
Other active conditions and digital inputs.
2.3.5 Calibration Menus
Used to adjust display accuracy (only or +/- 2 – 3 volts)
9
3. STS Operation
3-1
3.1 Overview
The Static Transfer Switch control panel consists of an LCD display, LEDs and
pushbuttons to provide information on the operation and status of the equipment. The
LCD pushbuttons and LCD menu items cannot change the state of the Static
Transfer Switch; this can only be done with the transfer pushbuttons, (except when
incorrect settings are made).
Selection of the required source to supply the critical load is made by simply pressing
the transfer pushbutton for at least 2 seconds. Provided the supplies are within
synchronization limits, the selected supply will be connected to the load. Verification
is provided by the LCD and mimic LEDs.
If the selected supply should vary outside preset limits and become unusable, the
STS will automatically transfer the load to the alternative supply. The preferred
source directive (preset able) will ensure that the STS will return to the preferred
source if it is available and within acceptable limits, and after a settling time.
The preferred source selection does not operate if the STS is manually transferred to
the alternative supply from the controls on the front panel.
Preferred source selection is pre-set by a mechanical slide switch inside the unit or
via menu selection. Note that at power-up the STS will activate the preferred source,
as pre-set by the slide switch, either supply 1 or 2. If no preferred source is set then
the unit will not re-transfer to the original source after a fault in that source.
1
fig. 4. User control panel.
1. The preferred source selection switch, set to 0 (no preferred source)
10
3. STS Operation
3-1
Manual transfers override the preferred source selection, (operation of STS to
alternate supply say S1 when preferred is S2, where S1 fails will transfer to S2 but
not return back to S1). Preferred source selector can also be used to transfer the
critical load.
The Static Transfer Switch is fitted with two manual bypass isolators (refer fig. 1.).
These are designated Q4 and Q5 where Q4 corresponds to the supply 1 switch and
Q5 corresponds to the supply 2. These are mechanically and electrically interlocked
to ensure that the two inputs 1 and 2 can never be permanently connected in parallel.
Note that this is a standard option and can also be provided by others outside the
STS.
11
3. STS Operation
3-2
3.2 User I/O & Controls
These are located within the STS cubicle, bottom RHS of the panel, as shown.
4
1
2
3
fig. 5. User control panel.
1. Preferred source selection (pre-set)
0
No preferred source
Supply 1 is the preferred source. If STS is forced to automatically
transfer the critical load to the alternate (Supply 2) source the STS will
1
automatically transfer back to Supply 1 when again within tolerance and
a pre-set settling delay.
Supply 2 is the preferred source. If STS is forced to automatically
transfer the critical load to the alternate (Supply 1) source the STS will
2
automatically transfer back to Supply 2 when again within tolerance and
pre-set settling delay.
2. Control override (CAUTION: For maintenance only, this should not be used as a
transfer control)
0
Normal – Automatic
Control Override -> Supply 1 is forced to supply the critical load directly
1
overriding any internal control logic. NEVER attempt to operate the
OVERRIDE switch if the supplies are not in synchronism.
Control Override -> Supply 2 is forced to supply the critical load directly
2
overriding any internal control logic. NEVER attempt to operate the
OVERRIDE switch if the supplies are not in synchronism.
3. RS232 PORT (The RS232 port implements a Modbus RTU (RS232). An adapter
can be used to convert this to RS485)
All settings and calibrations can be performed through the front LCD control panel.
12
3. STS Operation
3-2
4. User access
CAUTION
The power cabling should not be run adjacent to user controls. Separate these
control cables from power circuits by at least 300 mm. The control signals are
distance limited to 30 metres. All output relays contacts are rated for 50 V DC 1
Ampere (Not 240 V AC rated)
User Remote Inputs (Voltage free contact closure controllers only)
COMM Common return
a
Transfer to Supply 1
b
Transfer to Supply 2
c
Fire Stop (Causes both Switches to go off – loss of output - DISABLED)
User Relay Outputs
Relays are normally closed and held open in OK state (closed contact represents the
alarm state).
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
General Alarm
Not in Synchronism
Supply 1 OK
Supply 2 OK
On Supply 1
On Supply 2
Overloaded
13
4. Maintenance Bypass
4-1
4.1 Overview
Note if the Q1, Q2 or Q3 trip then the toggle is in the centre tripped position. To
reinstate the user must first depress the toggle to the off position before being able to
raise the toggle into the on position. Similarly for Q4 and Q5.
In the case of a control failure the STS internal control logic can be overridden and
the output can be forced to the correct state using the OVERRIDE switch to position
1 or 2 as appropriate. Remember that the switch needs to be in the centre “O”
position for normal operation.
The override provides control logic bypass only’ it does not provide an alternative
path for the load power.
NEVER attempt to operate the OVERRIDE switch if the supplies are not in
synchronism. There is no interlock to prevent the switch from being operated when
the supplies are not available or not in synchronism. Refer to the LCD variables
display and mimic diagram for the not in synchronism state, (SYNC LED will be RED,
variables display will show degrees out of synchronism. Only operate when less than
10 degrees). If the control is not operating you may need to use other means to
determine that the supplies are in synchronism. Do not operate the OVERRIDE
switch onto an absent supply.
Do not defeat the mechanical and or electrical interlock scheme of Q4 and Q4.
Do not operate the unit without the fans operating.
e.g. Q1 & Q2 & Q3 must be open if fan fuses are removed
CAUTION
THIS EQUIPMENT RECEIVES POWER FROM MORE THAN ONE SOURCE.
DISCONNECT OUTPUT AND ALL INPUT SOURCES OF POWER FROM THIS
EQUIPMENT BEFORE SERVICING.
WARNING
HIGH LEAKAGE CURRENTS ON ISOLATED INCOMING AND OUTGOING
CIRCUITS. EARTH CONNECTION IS ESSENTIAL BEFORE WORKING ON
CIRCUITS OR CONNECTING / DISCONNECTING SUPPLIES. SEE
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE CONNECTING / DISCONNECTING
INPUT SUPPLIES.
14
4. Maintenance Bypass
4-1
Read this whole document thoroughly. Understand every aspect before proceeding.
Request further assistance if you do not understand any aspect of the operation of
the STS. Support and contact numbers are at the rear of the manual.
Consider electrical distribution discrimination carefully. The STS has two incoming
AC power isolators your upstream protective devices must discriminate with down
stream protective devices and limit the peak fault current to less than 60kA so that
when a fault occurs other items connected to the STS are not powered off by the
opening of upstream protective devices. The upstream, STS supply breaker /fuse
should only open if the down stream device protection is unable to trip or there is a
fault within the STS.
In case of down stream fault the STS will not transfer the fault to the alternate supply
even if the voltage is adversely affected. Once the fault current has cleared the STS
will resume normal operation protecting the critical loads from voltage disturbances,
(10 second settling time).
After following all of the considerations and precautionary processes in the last
section and been successful and understanding, then no further special set-up is
necessary. Each unit has been fully certified and heat soaked prior to shipment.
The red LED ALARM should not be on.
If it is check the following states.
 ON Supply 1 when priority is Supply 2
 On Supply 2 when priority is Supply 1
 Supply 1 or Supply 2 are not in spec.
 Override Switch is in position 1 or 2
 Supply 1 & 2 are not in synchronism
 The unit is too hot (thermal bi-metal switch on H.S. activated)
 There is / was an overcurrent/ overload / load fault condition
CAUTION
REMOVAL OF PANELS EXPOSES DANGEROUS VOLTAGES
ACCESS RESTRICTED TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL ONLY
Ensure from the supply that you are connected to on the STS is also the supply
selected by the Maintenance Bypass Switch supply. If you have a remote
maintenance bypass then it too should be in the normal position, prior to this step.
Go to normal mode (Use switching procedure 3.1.2 to go on line). There should be
no RED ALARM LED. (If there is press and hold for 10 seconds).
Try using the TRANSFER push button to transfer to the alternate supply. To affect a
transfer you need to push and hold the transfer pushbutton for at least 2 seconds.
15
4. Maintenance Bypass
4-1
The LCD should show that it is now powering the load from the other supply, (non
preferred).
If unsuccessful or the LCD is not functioning a transfer can be affected using the
PRIORITY switch. Simply slide the switch to the desired supply, wait 2 seconds and
check the LEDs and display to confirm.
16
4. Maintenance Bypass
4-2
4.2 To Maintenance Bypass Procedure.
1. If possible use the TRANSFER pushbutton to transfer the load to the desired
source (Supply 1 or Supply 2).
2. Use the OVERRIDE slide switch (located lower RHS, near fuses, F1-F7) and
operate to the 1 or 2 position corresponding to Supply 1 and Supply 2 that is
presently supplying the critical load.
3. To transfer to Maintenance Bypass on Supply 1 operate the Q4 Maintenance
Bypass Isolator to the ON position. (May need to reset the isolator to the off
position before being able to turn ON).
OR
4. To transfer to Maintenance Bypass on Supply 2 operate the Q5 Maintenance
Bypass Isolator to the ON position. (May need to reset the isolator to the off
position before being able to turn ON).
5. The critical load is now being supplied by the Maintenance Bypass Isolators.
6. Isolate the STS by opening the STS Output Isolator Q3, (Q3 toggle Right).
7. Before commencement of work on the STS it is necessary to open the incoming
STS isolators Q1 and Q2. Note that dangerous voltages are still present within
the STS.
8. To isolate the fans operate knife Fuses F5 & F6 by pulling from the top of the fuse
holder.
9. To isolate electronics power operate knife Fuses F1, F2, F3 & F4 by pulling from
the top of the fuse holder. Then remove the Auxiliary Station Control Fuses
(located at the bottom of the LHS control cubicle). These are removed by
unscrewing the fuse from the fuse holder.
Do not operate the unit without the fans operating.
e.g. Q1 & Q2 & Q3 must be open if fan fuses are removed
17
4. Maintenance Bypass
4-3
4.3 Reinstatement from Maintenance Bypass Procedure
1. Reinstate fuse F1 – F7, and the Auxiliary Station Control Fuses (located at the
bottom of the LHS control cubicle). This will energize fans and electronics
controls.
2. Ensure that OVERRIDE slide switch (located lower RHS, near fuses, F1-F6) is
still operated to Supply 1 if Q4 is ON or Supply 2 if Q5 is ON. (by sliding to the 1
or 2 position corresponding to Supply 1 and Supply 2 respectively).
3. Close the STS incoming supply Isolators Q1 and Q2. Note that this energizes
power to all internal power connections.
4. Press and hold the ALARM pushbutton for at least 6 seconds to clear any
operational inhibit condition. Note that the ALARM LED will still be illuminated as
the STS is not in the normal condition.
5. Check the LCD display and mimic and ensure that the correct supply has been
selected, remove the OVERRIDE by setting the slide switch to the centre (“0”)
position. Again check the LCD display and mimic and ensure that the correct
supply is indicated.
6. Close Q3 by operating the toggle to the left Again check the LCD display and
mimic and ensure that the correct supply is still indicated.
7. Open Q4 or Q5, (which ever is on) by pushing the toggle to the off position.
8. The load is now supported by the STS.
9. Use the TRANSFER pushbutton on the front control panel to select the desired
source. Check and ensure that this corresponds to the PREFERRED source
selection, (located above the OVERRIDE switch).
10. Check that the LCD display and mimic correctly reflect the state of the system
and that the ALARM LED is off.
18
5. Fault Diagnosis
5-1
5.1 Interpretation of LCD event list
Event Descriptor
INITIALIZE
Append
WARM BOOT
WATCHDOG
TIMER
STACK
(+
Diagnosti
c)
(+
Diagnosti
c)
EEPROM
ROM
BATTERY
COMMS
CALIBRATION
LOW POWER
MODE
S 1 / S2 / S3
1/2/3/4/5/
6/7/8
1/2/3
ON/ OFF
S 1 / S2 /S3
AVERAG
EV
(R,W,B
TRANS V
(Red,
White,
Blu)
LOW /OK
S 1 /S2 /S3
HI / OK
SUPPLY 1 or 2 or
3
OVERRIDE
PREFERRED
S 1 / S2
LOCAL XFER
FAILED /
OK
0,1, 2
0,1, 2
FREQ
LOW / HI
/OK
1, 2
REMOTE XFER
1, 2
BACK FEED
1 or 2 on
(R, W, B)
OFF/ON
S 1 / S2 / S3
REMOTE POWER
SYNCRONISATION LOS / OK
Description
RAM CHKsum failed – Cold Start
(RAM Corrupt) – Flash Defaults
downloaded
Power-up, Warm Start, re-initialize
all but RAM – Keeps Event List
Signals software / hardware
problems
STS Action Resulting
None - Contact Static Power
Stack or Heap has overflowed
None - Contact Static Power
FLASH/ EEPROM Checksum
error – cal may be damaged
FLASH ROM has been corrupted
(Program is in error)
Battery has low power (needs
replacing)
Communications has failed to Dig
Proc, Ana1, Ana2, N1, N2
Calibration of MSP required
LOW POWER MODE (Power
Down Modes @ loss of
electronics power)
Supply 1 or 2 OR 3 has Steady
State High or Low or phase R, W
or B
Supply 1 or 2 OR 3 has has
Transient High or Low (1 sec)
None - Contact Static Power*
Supply 1 or 2 OR 3 has Steady
State Low (1 sec)
Supply 1 or 2 OR 3 has Steady
State High (1 sec)
Supply 1 or 2 OR 3 has Steady
State High (1 sec)
Controls Override set to S1
Preferred Source Set (0 or 1)
Frequency of supply 2 is high or
low
Transfers to supply 2 if on 1
Local Transfer to Supply 1 or 2
requested
Remote transfer to Supply 1 or 2
requested
Back feed voltage too high on S1
or S2
Remote Supply off Requested
(EPO)
S1 & S2 not in synchronism
User - Manual Action
Normal After Black Start
None - Contact Static Power
None - Contact Static Power*
None - Contact Static Power*
None - Contact Static Power
(can self repair)
Contact Static Power *
LOW POWER MODES
Transfers to supply 2 if on 1
Transfers to supply 2 if on 1
Transfers to supply 2 if on 1
Transfers to supply 2 if on 1
User - Manual Switch Only
User - Manual Switch Only
Alarm No action
Via User Inputs or BMS
Contact Static Power
Via User Inputs or BMS
Alarm No action
19
5. Fault Diagnosis
Event Descriptor Append
CURRENT
WARN /
HIGH
/FAULT/OK
HEAT SINK TEMP HI /OK
LOAD FAULT
FAN
THDI
FLT/ CLR
FAIL / OK
HI / OK
THDV
HI / OK
BREAKER OPEN Q1, Q2, Q3,
Q4 or Q5
BREAKER
Q1, Q2, Q3,
CLOSED
Q4 or Q5
TRIPPED
Q1, Q2, Q3,
Q4 or Q5
ALARM CANCEL
POWER SUPPLY 1,2 or 3
SCR SC
SCR OC
S1,S2 R,
W, B, N
S1,S2 R,
W, B, N
5-1
Description
Output is overloaded (timed
shutdown)
STS Action Resulting
Alarm No action starts timer
Fans Failed or Over Stressed
Device Temperatures, Heat Sink
is Over temperature
There was a fault at the load
Status Indication Only
Total harmonic Distortion of
current is very high
Total harmonic Distortion of
Voltage is too high
Status Indication Only
No Action – Check & Reduce
Loading or Ambient
Status Indication Only
Status Indication Only
Alarm Cancel was pressed
Status Indication Only
SCR on S1 or S2 short circuit
detected on phase #
SCR on S1 or S2 Open circuit
detected on phase #
Does not transfer (Inhibit)
No Action - Repair
Alarm No Action – Check
Load
Alarm No action - Check Load
Response to interlocking
controls
Response to interlocking
controls
Response to interlocking
controls
Resets Audible & Latched LED
None -Contact Static Power /
Repair
Contact Static Power – Locks
to safe source
Contact Static Power – Locks
to safe source
20
5. Fault Diagnosis
5-2
5.2 Load Fault
In case of sustained high current output load faults, the STS will inhibit a transfer to
the alternate supply even if this means degradation or loss of source supply. It is
therefore imperative that you ensure that the discrimination with down stream and
upstream protective devices ensures that the downstream protective device always
clears the fault first.
In case that all output is lost the faulty equipment should be located and removed
from the STS output before re-instatement of power.
At this point it is recommended that the source (1 or 2) be transferred to bypass to
allow greater capacity to isolate down stream faults without affecting the source
voltage integrity. It will be necessary to gain access to the STS internal maintenance
bypass switch for 1 or 2 (switch Q4 or Q5) . The supply from the source in bypass
mode should be selected by manual operation of the corresponding maintenance
bypass switch.
Application of this power should clear any downstream faults still present. The alarm
pushbutton is then pressed for 10 seconds to reset the alarm conditions, followed by
the transfer switch for the desired source to reinstate the STS to normal operation.
When the LED mimic indicates that the STS is active again (the 1 or 2 LED is
illuminated), the maintenance bypass isolator can be manually opened.
If the RED LED ALARM led is lit then the user should interrogate the Event List to
determine the cause. To clear / acknowledge some events the ALARM pusbutton
needs to be operated (as some alarms are latched and some clear automatically
when the condition returns to normal)
Please also note that the VARISTOR fault is latched. Access to the latch RESET
pushbutton is gained via the rear panel door. The Varistor Reset pushbutton is
located at the lower RHS of the Varistor enclosure.
Fan failures will also active the ALARM LED (and add an entry into the Event List. If
the alarm has cleared the ALARM led will extinguish by pressing the ALARM
pushbutton.
Power Supply Failure of PSU1,2 & 3 for both the 12 V DC and 5 V DC will activate
the ALARM LED (and add an entry into the Event List. If the alarm has cleared the
ALARM led will extinguish by pressing the ALARM pushbutton. The station Auxiliary
5 & 15 V DC power supplies are not monitored. There is a green LED on each of
these power supplies. This should be periodically checked. It should be Lit (Green)
for correct normal operation.
21
6. Maintenance
6-1
6.1 Overview
The STS s has been manufactured to provide a long, reliable and useful life.
However, all equipment needs some maintenance.
After the welcome sign you may be prompted to enter the date and time. This should
be required the first time only. We strongly encourage the setting of the date and time
so that real time event correlation can be undertaken. The Real Time Clock is
thereafter battery backed up.
If connected and / or the STS has been off for 1-2 months awaiting installation the
battery requires replacement. We recommend that the battery be replaced every 5
years as a precautionary matter.
Recommended Schedule:
Once per month record the operating variables and compare with the units
specifications to ensure that you are within its operating capability. Inspect the unit
and note down any variations from last observation. Action may need to be taken
and or reporting may need to be taken on these variances.
Inspect the Event History and correlate any recorded events since last observation
with real occurrences. Report / investigate any suspicious entries.
Once every 6 months, (sooner if the environment is bad), vacuum dust from grills at
front of unit. Inspect cable / plug connections for overheating.
Units with fans need their fans changed every 5-7 years. This may need to be sooner
if the environment is bad.
NOTE:
Please note that the user should not undertake repair procedures or gains
access to the internal of the equipment.
If the unit is faulty then it should be removed from service as per the
accompanying procedure and a qualified experienced service agent should
affect repair.
22
7. Detailed System Description
7-1
7.1 Overview
The Static Transfer Switch (STS) provides power to items requiring a single AC
supply. The STS selects this supply from one of two input AC supplies. If one of the
supply sources becomes unavailable the STS will automatically transfer the critical
load to the alternative AC supply source.
Manual selection of supply is also possible.
With reference to the accompanying schematic
maintenance bypass arrangement has been adopted.
the
following
operational
Q1 and Q2 are the STS incoming supplies to the STS. They are always “ON” unless
the STS requires isolation for maintenance.
1.
Similarly Q3 is also always normally “ON”.
2.
Power to the critical load is provided by either STS S1 or S2.
3.
Should the operator wish to transfer the critical load to the alternate supply;
say from S1 to S2 then the STS TRANSFER control pushbutton is used to
achieve this.
4.
Q4 and Q5, Maintenance Bypass isolator for Supply 1 and Maintenance
Bypass isolator for Supply 2 respectively are normally always left “OFF”.
These are mechanically interlocked so that only one can ever be closed. They
are also electrically interlocked with the STS so that only the correct one can
be closed, e.g. Q4 if on S1 OR Q5 if on S2.
23
7. Detailed System Description
7-1
5.
If maintenance on the STS is to be undertaken then it is recommended that
the system is transferred to ‘Maintenance Bypass’ using either Q4 or Q5. Only
one of these will be able to be closed depending on the state of the STS. If the
STS is supplying the critical load via S2 then only Q5 is able to be closed
because of the electrical interlock between the STS and Q4 and Q5, (and also
Q3).
6.
A control override function exists that enables transfer to the alternate supply
in case of STS controls malfunction.
7.
Once on ‘Maintenance Bypass’, e.g. Q4 or Q5 are closed, it is advisable to
open Q3 to isolate the STS from the critical load. This also facilitates testing of
the STS. For convenience Q3 is automatically tripped open after 1 minute
after the closure of the either Q4 or Q5. The Q3 can be re-closed at any time
for re-instatement provided he correct state has been selected, e.g. when S2
is the maintenance bypass supply, Q5 is closed; for re-instatement, (closure of
Q3) the STS must be selected to Supply 2.
8.
Again if left unattended the Q3 will again be timed open, (if Lk 6 is in)
9.
Once Q3 is open the STS can be tested in situ, transferring between S1 and
S2, however, without any connection to the critical load because Q3 is open.
10.
The above described control function is implemented using shunt trip devices
such that if no supply is present (CB fuse is opened) or the STS is removed
the control function is disabled and they operate as manual non controllable
isolators only.
11.
To achieve this functionality auxiliary contacts and shunt trips have been fitted
to Q3, Q4 and Q5. The controls are implemented separately from the STS
controls and the mode of failure of this control feature has been specifically
designed to NOT interfere with or operate any of these isolators, however, if
desired the Q3 trip facility can be disabled and operated fully manually,
(default condition).
12.
Q1 and Q2 are also able to be tripped by the system. This is only undertaken
if there is a thyristor fault or a supply back feed condition and is not part of the
normal operation.
Note if the Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 or Q5 trip then the toggle is in the centre tripped position.
To reinstate the user must first depress the toggle to the off position before being
able to raise the toggle into the on position.
In the case of a control failure the STS internal control logic can be overridden and
the output can be forced to the correct state using the OVERRIDE switch to position
1 or 2 as appropriate. Remember that the switch needs to be in the centre “O”
position for normal operation.
24
7. Detailed System Description
7-1
The override provides control logic bypass only’ it does not provide an alternative
path for the load power.
NEVER attempt to operate the OVERRIDE switch if the supplies are not in
synchronism. There is no interlock to prevent the switch from being operated when
the supplies are not available or not in synchronism. Refer to the LCD variables
display and mimic diagram for the not in synchronism state, (SYNC LED will be RED,
variables display will show degrees out of synchronism. Only operate when less than
10 degrees). If the control is not operating you may need to use other means to
determine that the supplies are in synchronism. Do not operate the OVERRIDE
switch onto an absent supply.
Do not defeat the mechanical and or electrical interlock scheme of Q4 and Q4.
25
8. Specifications
8-1
8.1 Operating Parameters
Steady state Rating
630 Amperes RMS / phase including
Neutral
Overload capacity
110% 60 minutes any phase
125% 15 minutes any phase
300 - 600% maximum
Synchronization Inhibit limit
9 degrees (0.5 msec) (Manual TRANSFER)
30 degrees Auto transfer (Under Supply
Fault)
(pre-settable 5 – 180 degrees)
> 30 degree Break time 50 msec (20 – 150
msec)
Steady State Transfer Threshold
+/- 10% (1 second) settable
Transient Transfer Threshold
+/- 18% (sub cycle) settable
Re-transfer (preferred source) time-out
KA Capacity of unit
Operating Voltage
less than 3 seconds (0-15 sec)
35 kA
+/ - 20% , THDV < 20%
Protection:
Electronic / voltage and current
Open circuit device
Short circuit device
Output phase voltage imbalance
Overload
Load Fault
Device Over-temperature
Control Fault
Ambient Over-temperature
Operation
Manual & Automatic Sense
Preferred Source Selection
26
8. Specifications
8.2 Main Item Components
Part
Description
THY1 – 1 to Thyristors
16
SNB1,
DV/DT LIMITER
SNB2
CT1-4
CURRENT TRANSFORMER
8-2
Manufacturer
Dynex
Part Number
DCR3400V18
Rating
3400 Amps/ 1800 V, 60kA
SP
1uF 10 Ohm
1000 v/usec
CP8660
660 Amps :1
630 Amps
Q1,Q2,Q3,Q
4& Q5
Circuit Breakers (power)
University Paton
instruments
MGE
F1 & F2
FI#
SP009
SP002
SP003
SP003A
SP011
SP023
Fans – Centrifugal Blower
Fuses & terminals
POWER CONTROL BOARD
STS CONTROL BOARD
DISPLAY BOARD
LED Mimic BOARD
USER I/O BOARD
Neutral Control Board
Ziehl Abegg
Pheonix
STATIC POWER
STATIC POWER
STATIC POWER
STATIC POWER
STATIC POWER
STATIC POWER
HW1(NS)630H-4P, c/w +
Auxiliary switch +Shut trip
230 V AC
RH31M4EK2C.1R
ST10
SP017-02
SP002-01
SP003-00
SP003A-00
SP011-00
SP023-00
PLC
FD1
PRS1-3
PRS4-6
PRS 7
SCR S/C DETECTOR
FAN PROXIMITY DETECTOR
POWER SUPPLY +HD
POWER SUPPLY +HD
POWER SUPPLY +HD
MOELLER
HIGHLY SENSOR
MEANWELL
MEANWELL
MEANWELL
EASY512-DA-RC
TS18-08P-1
RS 150-15
RS-15-5
SP-200-15
PRS 8
POWER SUPPLY +HD
MEANWELL
SP-75-5
VARISTOR
CT_VAR
V_FUSE
INCOMING VARISTORS
VARISTOR PROTECTION
VARISTOR FUSE
VARSI
SENVA
FUSECO
V385E60
C-1220
422000
240 V 50 Hz
10 Amperes 240 V AC
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
12 V DC
10 – 24 V DC /8MM
+15 V 150 W
+5 V 15 W
220 V DC +/-20% T TO 15 V DC
200W
220 V DC +/-20% T TO 5 V DC
75W
385 V, 60KA
0.75 - 50A
CARTRIDGE 22X58MM GG
V_HOLDER
PROTECTION
CARTRIDGE FUSE HOLDER
FUSECO
SFH22FW
CONTROL
RELAYS
RELAY,INTERFACE\,POWER,P
LUG IN, SPDT, COIL,LED,XT
SERIES
TE CONNECTIVITY
XT314L12
RELAY BASE
RELAY,DIN
SOCKET,SCREWLESS,
LOGICAL TERMINALS,PT
SERIES
TE CONNECTIVITY
RT7872P
FUSE 500V 100A
SERVICE F/H FRONT WIRED
TO SUIT 2258F
16A,12VDC
28
9. Contact
9.1
9.1 Contact Details
For Service and Maintenance
i – STS Manufacturing is a subsidiary of
STATIC POWER PTY. LTD.
ABN 42 101 765 913
Factory @1/13 Candlebark Court, Research, Victoria Australia, 3095
Mail to: , BOX 2003 Research Delivery Centre, Research 3095
Product Return / Repair:
1/13 Candlebark Court, Research, Victoria Australia, 3095
PH. +613 9437 0494, Fax +613 9437 0939
Email [email protected] [email protected]
or visit www.i-sts.com.au
29
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement