Technical Manual PDF

Technical Manual PDF

Digital Video

Camera Module

Technical Manual

A-CY5-100-11 (1)

XCL-5005CR

XCL-5005

© 2008 Sony Corporation

Table of Contents

Overview

Features .................................................................. 3

Typical CCD Phenomena ..................................... 4

System Components .............................................. 5

Connection ............................................................. 6

Location and Function of Parts and Operation

.................................................................................. 7

Front/Top/Bottom ............................................... 7

Using a tripod ..................................................... 7

Rear .................................................................... 8

Connecting the cables ........................................ 9

Trigger signal specifications .............................. 9

DVAL/Exposure output specific (only DC IN terminal) ......................................................... 10

Functions

1. CCD loaded on XCL-5005CR/5005 ..............11

2. Compatibility with previous model XCL-5000

...........................................................................12

3. Video output format .......................................13

3.1. Switching TAP ........................................13

3.2. Color pixel array .....................................13

3.3. Data order ...............................................14

3.3.1. 1TAP 80 MHz .................................... 14

3.3.2. 2TAP 40 MHz .................................... 14

3.4. Port assignment .......................................15

3.5. Output data size ......................................15

4. Camera mode ..................................................16

4.1. Horizontal timing ....................................16

4.2. Vertical timing .........................................17

4.2.1. Normal mode ..................................... 17

4.2.2. Binning mode ..................................... 17

4.2.3. Partial scan mode ............................... 18

4.2.4. Trigger mode ...................................... 21

4.2.5. Trigger binning mode ......................... 22

4.2.6. Trigger partial scan mode ................... 23

5. Shutter setting ................................................25

5.1. Preset shutter ...........................................25

5.2. Arbitrary shutter setting ..........................26

5.3. Overlap ....................................................27

5.4. WEN-STRB ............................................27

6. DSP Operation ................................................28

6.1. Signal processing block chart .................28

6.2. Flip-flop [XCL-5005] ...............................29

6.3. Digital clamp [XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

.................................................................29

6.3.1. Clamp setting value ............................ 29

6.3.2. Correlation factor ............................... 29

6.4. Digital gain [XCL-5005] ..........................29

6.5. Pixel gain [XCL-5005CR] .........................29

6.5.1. Definition equation ............................ 29

6.5.2. White balance ..................................... 30

6.6. Black balance [XCL-5005CR] ..................30

6.6.1. Black balance automatic adjustment method ................................................ 30

6.6.2. Black balance direct adjustment method

............................................................. 30

6.7. Gamma correction [XCL-5005CR]

[XCL-5005] .............................................. 31

6.7.1. Arbitrary setting method .................... 31

6.7.2. Five-point approximate linear interpolation ....................................... 31

6.7.3. Coefficient input method .................... 32

6.8. 3 × 3 filter [XCL-5005] ............................ 33

6.8.1. Mode 1 ............................................... 33

6.8.2. Mode 2 ............................................... 34

6.9. Edge detection/enhancement (DTL)

[XCL-5005] .............................................. 35

6.10. Binarization [XCL-5005] ......................... 36

6.11. Digital pedestal [XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

................................................................. 37

6.12. 8/10/12 bit length selection [XCL-5005CR]

[XCL-5005] .............................................. 37

6.13. Grayscale chart [XCL-5005] .................... 37

6.14. Color chart [XCL-5005CR] ...................... 38

Camera Control Commands

General ..................................................................39

Serial Communication Specifications ...............39

Command system .............................................39

Command format ..............................................39

Command input and response ...........................39

Command Specification ......................................40

Camera control commands ...............................40

AFE Setting Command .....................................40

DTL/Binarization Setting Command (XCL-5005 only) ................................................................41

WB Setting Command (XCL-5005CR only) ...41

AJ Setting Command (XCL-5005CR only) .....42

Digital Setting Command .................................43

Gamma Setting Command ................................43

Filter Setting Command (XCL-5005 only) ......44

Binning / Partial Setting Command ..................44

IN/OUT Setting Command ...............................44

Setting Value Control Command ......................45

Setting Initialization Command ........................45

Save Setting Command .....................................45

Read Setting Command ....................................45

Setting Value Accession Command ..................46

Others ................................................................48

Command Limitation ........................................48

Command List ......................................................49

Parameter List ......................................................51

Information ...........................................................52

Specifications

Specifications ........................................................53

Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical

Values) ...................................................................54

XCL-5005CR/5005 Dimensions ..........................55

2

Table of Contents

Overview

The XCL-5005CR/5005 is a digital video camera module. This camera module outputs digital images utilizing LVDS via the digital interface connector.

XCL-5005CR: Color digital video camera module

XCL-5005: Black and white digital video camera module

Features

Digital interface connector

Equipped with a Camera Link standard small connector.

The XCL-5005CR/5005 can output a digital image at 15 frames per second.

Supports the camera link PoCL standard

The XCL-5005CR/5005 supports the PoCL (Power over

Camera Link) standard. By connecting a PoCLcompatible camera link cable to a PoCL-compatible camera module interface board, you can power, control, and output images from the camera using a single cable.

This module is also provided with a DC IN connector like that of the XCL-5000 to enable you to use a power adaptor and a camera module interface board without support for PoCL (non-PoCL) to operate the camera in the same manner as previously.

High image quality

The XCL-5005CR/5005 has a progressive scan CCD of

5,000,000 pixels. Both cameras produce high-resolution images. By adopting square pixels, images can be processed using the original aspect ratio without a converting procedure.

Various mode settings

Sending a command from the host device allows the following mode settings.

• Gain

• Read mode: normal/binning (XCL-5005 only)

• Partial scan

• Shutter: Normal/Trigger shutter

• Shutter speed

• Gamma

• Switching an output Bit Length

• Switching an output tap

• White balance (XCL-5005CR only)

• Switching color output: RAW data/RGB data (XCL-

5005CR only)

• Edge detection, Edge enhancement (XCL-5005 only)

• Binarization (XCL-5005 only)

Electronic shutter function

Shutter speed can be selected from variety of available speeds.

External trigger shutter function (2 to

1/10000 s)

You can obtain a still picture by inputting an external trigger. This function is useful to shoot a fast-moving object clearly.

Partial scan

The camera module can limit the number of the actual video output lines to achieve high frame rates, enabling high-speed image processing.

Body fixing

The screw holes to install the camera module are located under the front panel (the CCD reference plane).

Installing the camera module on the front panel minimizes deviation of the optical axis.

Gamma

You can switch to OFF or ON.

When you switch to ON, you can select from various modes, and draw not only the default gamma line but also an original gamma curve.

Switching an Output Bit Length

You can select 12 bit output, 10 bit output, or 8 bit output.

Switching an Output Tap

You can select 1TAP output or 2TAP output.

When you select 2TAP output, the clock frequency for data transfer becomes half, so you can extend the cable length and use a camera module interface board with a low clock frequency.

Switching color output (XCL-5005CR only)

You can select RAW data output for outputting the information of each pixel of the CCD unmodified and

RGB data output for outputting RGB data obtained by processing signals within the camera to convert the information to RGB data.

When RGB data output is selected, 2TAP output is unavailable. The output bit length is limited to 8 bits.

Binning (XCL-5005 only)

By “binning” two pixels that align vertically, you can acquire a frame rate twice as high as that in the normal mode.

Edge detection, Edge enhancement

(XCL-5005 only)

Edge detection detects an edge from a picture, and outputs an image made of the edge only.

Edge enhancement outputs a clear image emphasized on the edge.

Features

3

Binarization (XCL-5005 only)

Outputs an binarized image. Sensitivity can be changed.

Note

The CCD is driven at high speed during a Partial scan or

Binning operation. In this situation, if intense light is input to the camera, the peripheral areas of the video image may be affected. In such a situation, adjust the amout of light using the iris.

Note

(XCL-5005CR only)

Some fading will occur with the color filter of the color

CCD after prolonged exposure to bright light. In addition, some variation may occur in the spectral sensitivity characteristics of the built-in infrared-cut filter for reasons such as change over time. The above factors may result in variation in coloring after extensive use of the camera, but this does not indicate a malfunction.

In such cases, simply readjust the white balance.

Typical CCD Phenomena

The following effects on the monitor screen are characteristic of CCD cameras. They do not indicate any fault with the camera module.

Smear

This occurs when shooting a very bright object such as electric lighting, the sun, or a strong reflection.

This phenomenon is caused by an electric charge induced by infrared radiation deep in the photosensor. It appears as a vertical smear, since the CCD imaging element uses an interline transfer system.

Vertical aliasing

When you shoot vertical stripes or lines, they may appear jagged.

Blemishes

A CCD image sensor consists of an array of individual sensor elements (pixels). A malfunctioning sensor element will cause a single pixel blemish in the picture

(This is generally not a problem.).

White speckles

While CCD image pickup device is made by an accurate technique, imperceptible speckless may rarely come up on the screen due to cosmic rays and so on. This is connected to the principle of CCD image pickup device, not a malfunction. And the white speckless are easy to come up in the following conditions.

• Using the camera in high temperature

• When turning up the gain

Level difference between left and right

As CCD used in this camera adopts the left-right 2 ch output system, left half and right half of the image area are output individually. Sometimes a level difference may appear in the center of the window according to the setting mode of the camera. This is not a malfunction.

Note

If strong light enters a wide area of the screen, the screen may become dark. This is not a malfunction.

If this occurs, avoid strong light or adjust the lens iris to reduce the light amount.

4

Typical CCD Phenomena

System Components

Video Camera Module

XCL-5005CR/5005

Camera cable

CCXC-12P02N (2 m, 6.6 ft)

CCXC-12P05N (5 m, 16.4 ft)

CCXC-12P10N (10 m, 32.8 ft)

CCXC-12P25N (25 m, 82 ft)

C-mount lens

High-resolution lens

Camera adaptor

DC-700/700CE

Tripod adaptor

VCT-ST70I (Insulated type)

Camera module interface board

Install the board in a PCI bus slot in devices such as a computer. Select a commercially available interface board compatible with the Camera Link feature. You can use either a board that supports PoCL, or one that does not.

In the board corresponding to PCI 32 bit, the frame rate may become low according to lack of processing capacity. When you want to make this product output 15 frames per second, use a board corresponding to more than PCI 64 bit (PCI-X).

When you use XCL-5005CR with RGB data output, the frame rate may become low because of insufficient processing capacity even if you use a PCI 64 bit compatible board. If you want to output 15 frames of images every second, use a PCI Express board. Performance may also be dependent on the host device

(e.g., Computer), so consult the dealer if images are not displayed properly.

Camera Link cable

(Sony Camera-compatible)

This cable connects to the digital interface connector on the rear panel of the camera module. Image/ control signals are transmitted via this cable.

If there is support for PoCL, power is also supplied at the same time. If you use a camera module interface board with support for PoCL, be sure to use a camera link cable with support for PoCL. You can use a single cable up to 7 meters long in the case of 1TAP output, and extend the cable length even further in the case of 2TAP output. Select a proper cable as the maximum usable length of a cable differs due to the attribute of each cable.

Spotted noise may appear in a specific brightness in the window according to the attribute of the cable. If this noise is an obstacle, shorten the cable.

System Components

5

Connection

Digital interface cable

XCL-5005CR/5005

Camera module interface board

C-mount lens

AC

TRIG

Tripod adaptor

VCT-ST70I

Camera cable

CCXC-12P02N

CCXC-12P05N

CCXC-12P10N

CCXC-12P25N

Camera adaptorDC-700/700CE

(Conforms to EIAJ 12-pin assignments)

* If the camera module interface board for the camera supports PoCL, the camera can be operated even if the items within the dashed line are not connected.

Power supply

You can supply power to the XCL-5005CR/5005 using the following methods.

Using the DIGITAL IF (interface) connector

The XCL-5005CR/5005 supports the PoCL (Power over Camera Link) standard. By connecting a PoCL-compatible camera link cable to a PoCL-compatible camera module interface board, you can power, control, and output images from the camera using a single cable.

Using the DC IN connector

You can supply power via the DC IN connector using the power adapter.

Use DC-700/700CE which is the stable power source free from ripple or noise.

When both the DIGITAL IF and DC IN connectors are used, the power supply from the DC IN connector is given priority.

6

Connection

Location and Function of Parts and Operation

Front/Top/Bottom

a b

Lens mount (C-mount)

Guide holes (Top) c

Reference holes (bottom) a Lens mount (C-mount)

Attach any C-mount lens or other optical equipment.

Note

The lens must not project more than 10 mm (13/32 inch) from the lens mount.

When you use the camera with the lens attached, the resolution of the image output from the camera may differ according to the performance of the lens. Note it when you select a lens.

The performance of a lens may change according to the aperture level.

If the resolution is not enough, adjust the aperture level.

b Guide holes (Top) c Reference holes (bottom)

These precision screw holes are for locking the camera module. Locking the camera module into these holes secures the optical axis alignment.

You can install the camera on a tripod. To install on a tripod, you will need to install a tripod adaptor

VCT-ST70I to the camera on the reference holes c.

Note

Refer to XCL-5005CR/5005 Demensions in page 55 for

about the position/size of the Guide hole and the

Reference hole.

Using a tripod

To use the tripod, install the tripod adaptor VCT-ST70I

(not supplied) on the camera module.

Use a tripod screw with a protrusion (4) extending from the installation surface, as follows, and tighten it, using a screwdriver. Be sure that the protrusion does not exceed 5.5 mm (0.2 in.) in length.

ISO standard 4: Length 4 to 5 mm

ASA standard 4: Length 0.16 to 0.20 inches

Note

If you install a tripod adapter (not supplied), use the screws provided.

Location and Function of Parts and Operation

7

Rear

d DC IN (DC power input) connector (12-pin) d e e DIGITAL IF (Interface) connector (26-pin) d DC IN (DC power input) connector (12-pin)

You can connect a camera cable CCXC-12P05N etc. to input the +12 V DC power supply. The pin configuration of this connector is as follows. You can operate the camera without using this connector when using a

PoCL-compatible camera module interface board.

For details on the pin arrangement, see the following table.

Pin No.

Signal

1 Ground

2

3

+12 V DC

Ground

4

5

6

NC

Ground

NC

Pin No.

Signal

7 NC

8

9

10

11

Ground

NC

Signal output

*

Triger pulse input

12 Ground

* Signal output from the Tenth pin of 12 pins connector

You can select one of the following signals according to the setting.

Ground / DVAL output / Exposure pules output

The default setting in the factory is Ground.

e DIGITAL IF (Interface) connector (26-pin)

Camera Link Base Configuration: 1TAP/2TAP

You can connect a Camera Link cable to this connector to control a camera module from a host device utilizing the serial communication protocol while outputting a video signal from the camera module. If you use a camera module interface board with support for PoCL, you can also supply power from this connecter. You can input the external trigger signal via the 26-pin connector and operate a camera module in the external trigger mode. The output system allows you to change the output tap, and you can select from 1TAP and 2TAP.

When setting the output tap, you need to set the camera module interface board and change the file when you change the camera settings. When images are not displayed correctly, refer to the user’s manual and other documentation for the camera module interface board, and check the settings.

The following table shows the relation between the pin numbers of the digital interface connector and the input/ output signals and the like.

Pin No. Signal

1 Power supply or

Ground

*

2

3

X0– output

(Signal)

X1– output

(Signal)

4

5

X2– output

(Signal)

XCLK– output

(Signal)

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

X3– output

(Signal)

Ser TC+ (Signal)

Ser TFG– (Signal)

TRIG– input

(Signal)

NC

NC

NC

INNER_SHIELD

(Ground)

Pin No. Signal

14 INNER_SHIELD

(Ground)

15 X0+ output (Signal)

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

X1+ output (Signal)

X2+ output (Signal)

XCLK+ output

(Signal)

X3+ output (Signal)

Ser TC– (Signal)

Ser TFG+ (Signal)

TRIG+ input

(Signal)

NC

NC

NC

Power supply or

Ground

*

* About the 1st pin and 26th pin of the 26-pin connector

The connection differs depending on the type of camera module interface board you use.

In the case of PoCL support:

Both the 1st pin and 26th pin are

POWER (power supply)

8

Location and Function of Parts and Operation

In the case of non-PoCL support:

Both the 1st pin and 26th pin are

INNER_SHIELD (Ground)

Note

When you operate a camera module by inputting an external trigger signal via the 26-pin connector, make sure to input external trigger signals that meet the following specifications to both the two pins.

Specifications for the External Trigger Signal

Amplitude: LVDS using a 3.3 volt IC

Connections: Input a TRIG (–) signal to the 9th pin.

Polarity:

Input a TRIG (+) signal to the 22nd pin.

Positive

Connecting the cables

b

Digital interface connector d Camera Link cable e

Fastening screws a

DC IN connector c

Camera cable

Connect the camera cable to the DC IN connector and the Camera Link cable to the digital interface cable respectively. If you use a camera module interface board with support for PoCL, you can operate the camera even if you do not connect the camera cable to the DC IN connector. When you connect the Camera Link cable, turn the two fastening screws on the connector to secure the cable tightly.

Connect the other end of the camera cable to the DC-

700/700CE and the other end of the Camera Link cable to the camera module interface board.

Note

When using the camera with a PoCL connection, make sure you connect a PoCL compatible cable. Connecting a cable that is not compatible with PoCL (non-PoCL) may cause a malfunction of the camera or camera module interface board.

Controlling the camera from the host device

You can control the camera from host device such as a computer. The following table shows the control functions.

You can send a command corresponding to the control items, with parameters for the desired settings, if necessary, from the host device to control the camera.

Refer to “Camera Control Commands” on page 39 for

details on how to send a command, the commands, and their parameters.

Control functions

Operating mode

Shutter speed

Description

Normal/Trigger

Normal

Trigger edge

Trigger pulse width

2 to 1/10000 s

2 to 1/10000 s

Setting by trigger pulse width

Gain

Partial Scan

Gamma control

External trigger input

Binarization (XCL-5005 only)

3×3 image filtering

(XCL-5005 only)

0 to +18 dB

OFF/ON

OFF/ON (Mode 1 to 7)

26 pin connector/12 pin connector

Video output switch

Swtich output tap

12 bits/10 bits/8 bits

1TAP/2TAP

White balance

(XCL-5005CR only)

Switch color output

(XCL-5005CR only)

PRESET/MANUAL/ONE PUSH

RAW data/RGB data

Binning (XCL-5005 only) OFF/ON

(AUTO)

Edge detection, Edge enhancement (XCL-5005 only)

OFF/ON

OFF/ON

OFF/ON

Note

Make sure to supply power to the camera module and confirm that the camera module is operating before inputting a trigger signal. If you input trigger signal to a camera module without the power supplied, this may cause a mulfunction of the camera module.

Trigger signal specifications

DC IN terminal

2 - 5 V

90%

Amplitude

10%

0 - 0.6 V

Rising time

Less than

2.0 µs

Width

10.0 µs - 2 s

Input impedance: Stated in the voltage determined at more than 10 k ohms

Location and Function of Parts and Operation

9

DIGITAL IF terminal

Convert the signal which meets the specifications above into LVDS format (3.3 V power drive IC output), and inputs the converted signal.

Note that the signal level cannot be recognized correctly by the camera if it does not meet the following conditions.

H level: 1.5 V to 1.7 V

L level: 0.8 V to 1.0 V

DVAL/Exposure output specific

(only DC IN terminal)

4 - 5 V

0 V

Stated in the voltage of when terminating at more than

10 k ohms

10

Location and Function of Parts and Operation

Functions

1. CCD loaded on XCL-5005CR/5005

The 5 million-pixel CCD mounted on XCL-5005CR/

5005 has two signal outputs-left and right two channels output system CCD-in order to improve the frame rate.

There is a boundary of two imaging areas in the center.

The left and right images of each area are combined one image by digital signal processing.

1224 1224

Boundary of imaging areas

2050

Left Right

Right

MUX

2448 (H)

× 2050 (V)

Output

Left

Each area of the two channels output system CCD has its output amplifier. Even so, the boundary does not appear in the center of the window when the left and right signals are combined into one picture if the output amplifier characteristic accord with each other. It is, however, very difficult for the CCD manufacturing technique to make two amplifier characteristics accord completely, and the output levels of left and right may be different. In this case, a boundary appears in the center of the window due to the difference of the left and right levels. XCL-5005CR/5005 has an automatic correction function that automatically detects and corrects the difference between the levels in order to make it indistinguishable. The automatic correction function is set to on in the factory setting. Otherwise you can cancel the automatic correction function and set the correction of left and right levels manually.

A step or a boundary may be seen in the center of the window according to the camera setting mode. This is not a malfunction. The boundary is especially easily seen in the GainUp.

1. CCD loaded on XCL-5005CR/5005

11

2. Compatibility with previous model XCL-5000

The XCL-5005CR/5005 is a model with upward compatibility that is based on the XCL-5000 and supports the PoCL standard. Control commands used on the XCL-5000 can also be used in the same way on the

XCL-5005, as they are both black and white models. In addition, commands that are shared across black and white models and color models can be used in the same way on the XCL-5005CR. This model has also been enhanced with a variety of additional functions and control commands.

However, you can still use a power adapter and a camera module interface board without PoCL support (non-

PoCL) to operate the camera as previously.

12

2. Compatibility with previous model XCL-5000

3. Video output format

You can select the video output system from 1TAP 80

MHz and 2TAP 40 MHz. The 1TAP 80 MHz output system is only enabled during RGB 24-bit output.

3.1.

Switching TAP

Configure this setting with IMG-TAP. 1TAP outputs 1 pixel (D1) per clock (80 MHz) and 2TAP outputs 2 pixels (D1 and D2) per clock (40 MHz).

1TAP 80 MHz 0

2TAP 40 MHz 1

IMG-TAP XCL-5005

8/10/12 bits

a a

XCL-5005CR

RAW 8/10/12 bits

a a

RGB 24 bits

a

1TAP 80 MHz

STROBE

80 MHz

Video output

D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D1

2TAP 40 MHz

STROBE

40 MHz

Video output

D1

D2

D1

D2

D1

D2

D1

1TAP 80 MHz

8 bits

D1 [0:7]

10 bits

D1 [0:9]

12 bits

D1 [0:11]

D2 – – –

3.2.

Color pixel array

When the XCL-5005CR outputs 8, 10, and 12 bit RAW data, the signals of all pixels are sequentially output according to the Bayer array shown in the figure below.

This is common for each operation mode.

2TAP 40 MHz

RGB 24 bits 8 bits

DR [0:7]

DG [0:7]

DB [0:7]

D1 [0:7]

– D2 [0:7]

10 bits

D1 [0:9]

D2 [0:9]

12 bits

D1 [0:11]

D2 [0:11]

In the case of RGB 24 bit, there are 8 bits of each of R,

G, and B per pixel.

3. Video output format

13

3.3.

Data order

This section shows the order of data when an image made up of 2448 × N pixels is transmitted by 1TAP/

2TAP. In normal mode, N = 2050. With the 2TAP 40

MHz transmission system, D1 is a horizontal odd number pixel that is output, and D2 is an even number pixel.

3.3.1.

1TAP 80 MHz

1 2 3 4

D1 D1 D1 D1

1

2 D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

· · · 2445 2446 2447 2448

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

2448 × N pixels

N -1

D1 D1 D1 D1

N D1 D1 D1 D1

3.3.2.

2TAP 40 MHz

1 2 3 4

D1 D2 D1 D2

1

2 D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

· · ·

D1 D1 D1 D1

D1 D1 D1 D1

2445 2446 2447 2448

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

2448 × N pixels

N -1

D1 D2 D1 D2

N D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

D1 D2 D1 D2

14

3. Video output format

3.4.

Port assignment

The following table shows the assignment for the three ports A, B, and C and each of the video signals (D1, D2, and DR, DG, and DB when RGB 24 bits) of 1TAP/

2TAP, which is defined in the base configuration.

Port B5

Port B6

Port B7

Port C0

Port C1

Port C2

Port C3

Port C4

Port C5

Port C6

Port C7

Port 1TAP 80 MHz

8 bits

Port A0 D1 [0]

Port A1 D1 [1]

Port A2 D1 [2]

Port A3 D1 [3]

Port A4 D1 [4]

Port A5 D1 [5]

Port A6 D1 [6]

Port A7 D1 [7]

Port B0

Port B1

Port B2

Port B3

Port B4

10 bits

D1 [0]

D1 [1]

D1 [2]

D1 [3]

D1 [4]

D1 [5]

D1 [6]

D1 [7]

D1 [8]

D1 [9]

12 bits

D1 [0]

D1 [1]

D1 [2]

D1 [3]

D1 [4]

D1 [5]

D1 [6]

D1 [7]

D1 [8]

D1 [9]

D1 [10]

D1 [11]

DG [5]

DG [6]

DG [7]

DB [0]

DB [1]

DB [2]

DB [3]

DB [4]

DB [5]

DB [6]

DB [7]

DR [5]

DR [6]

DR [7]

DG [0]

DG [1]

DG [2]

DG [3]

DG [4]

2TAP 40 MHz

RGB 24 bits 8 bits

DR [0] D1 [0]

DR [1]

DR [2]

DR [3]

DR [4]

D1 [1]

D1 [2]

D1 [3]

D1 [4]

D1 [5]

D1 [6]

D1 [7]

D2 [0]

D2 [1]

D2 [2]

D2 [3]

D2 [4]

D2 [5]

D2 [6]

D2 [7]

D2 [8]

D2 [9]

D2 [0]

D2 [1]

D2 [2]

D2 [3]

D2 [4]

D2 [5]

D2 [6]

D2 [7]

10 bits

D1 [0]

D1 [1]

D1 [2]

D1 [3]

D1 [4]

D1 [5]

D1 [6]

D1 [7]

D1 [8]

D1 [9]

3.5.

Output data size

Both the XCL-5005CR and XCL-5005 have an effective output line number of 2448 × 2050 (horizontal/vertical), and both output 2448 clocks for LVAL and 2050 lines for FVAL.

The pixel count for image output on the XCL-5005CR when set to RGB output mode is equivalent to the 2448

× 2050 effective line number mentioned above. When it is set to RAW data output mode and depending on your camera module interface board (frame grabber board), one less pixel may be displayed around the outer circumference after data processing, making the pixel count for image output 2446 × 2048 (horizontal/ vertical).

D1 [7]

D1 [8]

D1 [9]

D1 [10]

D1 [11]

D2 [8]

D2 [9]

D2 [10]

12 bits

D1 [0]

D1 [1]

D1 [2]

D1 [3]

D1 [4]

D1 [5]

D1 [6]

D2 [11]

D2 [0]

D2 [1]

D2 [2]

D2 [3]

D2 [4]

D2 [5]

D2 [6]

D2 [7]

3. Video output format

15

4. Camera mode

4.1.

Horizontal timing

The horizontal timing is common for all modes. The

XCL-5005CR/5005 are provided with a horizontal partial scan function (HPARTIAL) that is capable of changing the length of the Hi section of the LVAL signal.

Configuring the setting in increments of 4 columns from

128 columns to 2448 columns without changing the center position of the effective video area of the horizontal enables a reduction in the number of columns imported on the host device (computer) side. The frame rate does change even if HPARTIAL is set to ON.

Horizontal timing: Common for each mode

[XCL-5000] [XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

72 CLK

LVAL

1 CLK

DVAL

STROBE

Video output

1 2 3

1 CLK=1/80 MHz = 12.5 ns 1 H=2520 CLK

2448 CLK

CENTER 2446 2447 2448

HPARTIAL ON

[XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

Example: HPARTIAL 1 2444

76 CLK

LVAL

DVAL

Video output

2444 CLK

2 columns

1

CENTER

2444

The read column number

2444 columns 2 columns

(Set the read column number to multiple of 4.)

The effective video area

(LVAL = “H”)

Note

When HPARTIAL is set to ON, set the column number for the effective video area.

Set the read column number to a multiple of 4 between the range of 128 to 2448. An error will occur if the configured column number is out of range or not a multiple of 4.

16

4. Camera mode

2448 pixels

4.2.

Vertical timing

The vertical timing is common for the XCL-5005CR and XCL-5005.

4.2.1.

Normal mode

This mode is for outputting the individual video signals of all pixels as continuous video at 15 frames per second.

Normal

1 V = 2116 H

66 H

FVAL

LVAL

DVAL

Video output

1 H

2050 H

1 2 3 4 5 2048 2049 2050

4.2.2.

Binning mode

This mode is for adding two vertical lines to read from the CDD in order to almost double the frame rate. The binning mode is not available for the XCL-5005CR.

Binning

1 V = 1058 H (The horizontal timing is the same as in normal mode.)

1025 H

33 H

FVAL

LVAL

DVAL

Video output

1 H

1 2 3 4 5

Note

The camera cannot be operated with the binning mode and the partial scan mode set to ON at the same time.

1023 1024 1025

4. Camera mode

17

4.2.3.

Partial scan mode

This mode increases the frame rate by dividing the whole video period vertically, reading only the necessary lines as the actual video, and transferring unnecessary lines at high-speed. Set the read beginning position (block number PSAH for high-speed transferring) and read block number (normal transferring block number or line number PSAF).

There are five types of partial scan mode.

In Modes 1 to 4 divide the actual video vertically into any of approximately 16 or approximately 32 areas and then reads them as the actual video. Mode 5 improves the flexibility of area selection and allows for much more detailed area settings to be configured.

Whole area

High-speed transferring period

Normal transferring period

(Effective video output)

High-speed transferring block number

(High-speed transferring period PSAH)

Modes 1 to 4 : Normal transferring block number

Mode 5 : Normal transferring line number

(Normal transferring period PSAF)

High-speed transferring period

4

5

2

3

1

Mode

a a a a a

XCL-5005

– a a a

XCL-5005CR PSAF

0 - 15

0 - 31

0 - 15

0 - 31

1 - 2050

Line number of actual video

For each of Mode 1 and Mode 3, Mode 2 and Mode 4, the division numbers of approximately 16 and approximately 32 are the same, but the beginning positions of the actual video are different. Mode 1 and

Mode 2 are the same as the division settings on the XCL-

5000, but they cannot be selected on the XCL-5005CR.

Mode 3 and Mode 4 have common settings for the XCL-

5005 and XCL-5005CR. Mode 5 allows for detailed setting of the actual video lines.

Partial scan offset

You can use partial scan offset (PARTIAL-OFFSET) to offset the beginning position of the actual video output in the normal transferring period in increments of 1 line.

To make the beginning position of the actual video output the same as any that of any mode other than partial scan, set PARTIAL-OFFSET=0.

To use Mode 1 of XCL-5005 with the same setting as

XCL-5000, set PARTIAL-OFFSET=38. The setting is

PARTIAL-OFFSET=38 at the time of shipment.

Line number of actual video

128 × (PSAF+1)

64 × (PSAF+1)

128 × (PSAF+1)

64 × (PSAF+1)

PSAF

The setting range available for PARTIAL-OFFSET may be different depending on the mode.

PARTIAL-

OFFSET

XCL-5000 –

XCL-5005 a

XCL-

5005CR a

Mode Setting range (fixed value)

1, 2 (38)

1 to 4 Integer from 0 to 38

5 Integer from 0 to 51

1 to 4 Even value from 0 to 38

5 Even value from 0 to 50

Beginning and ending position of the actual video

In Modes 1 to 4, when the ending position of the actual video is set by selecting a certain area and then a different setting is configured so that the corresponding point becomes the beginning point, both points may not match. This is because the high-speed transferring period cannot be partitioned in increments of 64 lines.

You can, however, make both points match if you use a partial scan offset.

18

4. Camera mode

Note

If the area at the bottom part of the window is selected, the video at the bottom may appear black. This is caused by the optical black being displayed as a result of the partial scan offset, and is not an indication of a malfunction. Furthermore, the settings of partial scan offset may be restricted depended on the mode and type of camera.

Partial scan

(The horizontal timing is the same as in normal mode.)

B

FVAL

LVAL

1 H

DVAL

Video output

1 2 3

In Modes 1 to 4, the line number A of the actual video, vertical blanking period B, and frame rate are determined by the normal transferring period PSAF.

4

A

5

Mode 1 and Mode 3 (PARTIAL-OFFSET = 38)

PSAF A [LINE] B [LINE] Rate [fps]

1024

1152

1280

1408

1536

1664

1792

1920

2048

128

256

384

512

640

768

896

11

12

13

14

15

7

8

9

10

5

6

3

4

0

1

2

166

140

114

89

63

268

242

217

191

447

422

396

370

345

319

294

19

18

17

16

15

25

23

21

20

36

32

29

27

55

47

41

Mode 2 and Mode 4 (PARTIAL-OFFSET = 38)

4

5

6

2

3

0

1

PSAF A [LINE] B [LINE] Rate [fps]

64

128

192

256

320

384

448

455

442

429

417

404

391

378

44

41

39

61

56

51

47

18

19

20

21

14

15

16

17

10

11

12

13

7

8

9

26

27

28

29

22

23

24

25

30

31

PSAF

A

1344

1408

1472

1536

1600

1664

1728

1792

1856

1920

1984

2048

832

896

960

1024

1088

1152

1216

1280

A [LINE] B [LINE] Rate [fps]

512 365 36

576

640

704

768

353

340

327

314

34

32

31

29

301

289

276

263

250

237

225

212

28

27

26

25

24

23

22

21

199

186

173

161

148

135

122

109

97

84

71

58

18

18

17

17

21

20

19

19

16

16

15

15

4. Camera mode

19

Mode 5

You configure detailed settings of the read beginning position and read line number. Set the read beginning position in increments of 5 lines for the XCL-5005, and in increments of 10 lines for the XCL-5005CR. Set the read line number in increments of 1 line. Depending on the camera module interface board (frame grabber board) you are using, the pixels in the last line may not display properly.

Use of this mode in combination with a partial scan offset allows you to set the read beginning position and read line number in increments of 1 line.

Read beginning position PSAH

Read line number

PSAF

XCL-5005 Integer from 0 to 408 1 to 2050

XCL-

5005CR

Even number from 0 to

408

1 to 2050

The line number A of the actual video, vertical blanking period B, and frame rate are determined by the values of the read line number PSAF and partial scan offset.

A [LINE] PSAF

B [LINE] PER

*

– PSAF

Rate [fps] 1000000/(PER × 31.5)

* PER = 432 + 0.8 × (PSAF + PARTIAL-OFFSET)

Set the PARTIAL-OFFSET and read line number PSAF so that the total line number does not exceed the actual video range that can be output.

PARTIAL-OFFSET + PSAF

≤ 2050

20

4. Camera mode

4.2.4.

Trigger mode

This mode is for starting exposure by synchronization with the external trigger input (12-pin or 26-pin connector) and then outputting the individual video signals of all pixels after the time that was set for the shutter elapses. There is the edge detection mode for detecting the rise edge of the external trigger signal and the width detection mode for detecting the effective period of the trigger. The period of the external trigger signal cannot be set shorter than the shutter speed.

Furthermore, if the shutter is set to OFF, the shutter speed is automatically set to 1/15 s.

Trigger

TRG

FVAL

LVAL

DVAL

Video output

Example of positive electrode (The horizontal timing is the same as in the normal mode.)

T 1

T2

T3

*

T 4

2050 H

2448 CLK

1

72 CLK

2050 1 2050

* There is only one LVAL which is less than 2448 CLK during T4 length in order to adjust the timing. T4 changes by depending on T1.

Trigger mode T1

Edge detection mode

More than 67 ms

Width detection mode

More than 67 ms

T2

More than 10 µs

More than 10 µs and less than 2 s

Shutter

OFF

1/15 s

1/30 s

1/100 s

1/120 s

1/250 s

1/500 s

1/1000 s

1/2000 s

1/5000 s

1/10000 s

1/7.5 s

1/2 s

1 s

2 s

T3 [ms]

68.16

68.16

34.82

11.5

9.82

5.5

1.6

134.8

501.5

1000

3.5

2.5

2

1.7

2000

T2 + 0.52

4. Camera mode

21

4.2.5.

Trigger binning mode

In this mode the binning action begins through synchronization with the external trigger input.

Trigger binning

TRG

FVAL

LVAL

DVAL

Video output

(The horizontal timing is the same as in the normal mode.)

T 1

T2

T3

*

T 4

1025 H

2448 CLK

1

72 CLK

1025 1 1025

* There is only one LVAL which is less than 2448 CLK during T4 length in order to adjust the timing. T4 changes by depending on T1.

Trigger mode

Edge detection mode

T1

More than 34 ms

Width detection mode

More than 34 ms

T2

More than 10 µs

More than 10 µs and less than 2 s

Shutter

OFF

1/30 s

1/100 s

1/120 s

1/250 s

1/500 s

1/1000 s

1/2000 s

1/5000 s

1/10000 s

1/15 s

1/7.5 s

1/2 s

1 s

2 s

T3 [ms]

67

33.66

10.32

8.64

4.32

2.32

1.32

0.82

0.52

0.42

67

135.1

509.2

1000

2000

T2 + 0.33

22

4. Camera mode

4.2.6.

Trigger partial scan mode

In this mode the partial scan action begins through synchronization with the external trigger input.

Trigger partial scan

Example of positive electrode (The horizontal timing is the same as in the normal mode.)

T1

TRG

T2

T3

*

T4

FVAL

LVAL

DVAL

Video output

A

2448 CLK

1

72 CLK

A 1 A

* There is only one LVAL which is less than 2448 CLK during T4 length in order to adjust the timing. T4 changes by depending on T1.

Trigger mode

Edge detection mode

T1

See the formula under this table.

T2

More than 10 µs

Shutter

OFF

1/15 s

1/30 s

1/100 s

1/120 s

1/250 s

1/500 s

1/1000 s

1/2000 s

1/5000 s

1/10000 s

1/7.5 s

1/2 s

1 s

2 s

T3 [ms]

66.86

66.86

33.52

10.18

8.52

4.18

2.18

1.2

0.7

0.4

0.3

Impossible setting

Set T1 in order to comply with the following formula. Refer to the partial scan mode regarding A and B.

T1 > 0.0315 × (A+B) [ms]

4. Camera mode

23

Trigger mode

Width detection mode

T1

See the formula under this table.

T2

More than 10 µs and less than 2 s

10

11

12

13

8

9

6

7

14

15

4

5

2

3

Shutter

0

1

Set T1 in order to comply with the following formula. Refer to the partial scan mode regarding A and B.

T1 > 0.0315 × (A+B) [ms]

T3 [ms]

T2 + 1.72

T2 + 2.47

T2 + 3.26

T2 + 4.36

T2 + 5.15

T2 + 5.94

T2 + 6.72

T2 + 7.51

T2 + 8.30

T2 + 9.09

T2 + 9.88

T2 + 10.66

T2 + 11.45

T2 + 12.24

T2 + 13.02

T2 + 13.81

24

4. Camera mode

5. Shutter setting

You can use the electronic shutter to set to the exposure time.

Furthermore, when the exposure output setting (WEN-

STRB=2) is selected for the 10th pin signal output terminal of the DC IN connector (12-pin connector), Hi is output for the exposure period. The shutter has preset shutter settings in which the exposure time is fixed, and an arbitrary shutter setting which can be set in increments of 1 usec. Use of the overlap function allows for preventing the inclusion of noise even if one of the following triggers is input during image transmission.

OFF

*1

1/15 s

1/30 s

1/100 s

1/120 s

1/250 s

1/500 s

1/1000 s

1/2000 s

1/5000 s

1/10000 s

1/7.5 s

*1

1/2 s

1 s

2 s

5.1.

Preset shutter

You can set 14 types of exposure time ranges from 1/15 s to 2 s.

The settable shutter value differs depending on the mode. Refer to the following table. a: Settable

– : Not settable f : Settable depending on the condition a a a a a a a a a a

Normal

a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a

Binning

a a

– a a a

– a a a a a

Partial

a

– f

*2

*1 The electronic shutter is not used. In this case, when the exposure output setting (WEN-STRB=2) is selected for the 10th pin signal output terminal of the DC IN connector

(12-pin connector), Hi is always output.

*2 The 1/30 s setting is only available under the following conditions.

In Modes 1 and 3: when the normal transferring line number (PSAF) is 6 to 15

In Modes 2 and 4: when the normal transferring line

In Mode 5: number (PSAF) is 12 to 31 when PSAF + PARTIAL-OFFSET

782

*3 The trigger signal period must be longer than the shutter speed.

Shutter OFF is the same as 1/15 s.

a a a a a a a a a a

Trigger (Edge detection)

* 3

a a a a a

5. Shutter setting

25

5.2.

Arbitrary shutter setting

You can set the shutter setting from a minimum of 50 ns to a maximum of 60 s in increments of 1 CLK or 1 µs.

Configuring an arbitrary shutter setting

Set three parameters with SHUTTER commands.

Parameter 1: 15 (Arbitrary shutter selection)

Parameter 2: Numeral in increments of 1 µs. 0 - 60000000

Parameter 3: 1/60 MHz = integer in increments of 16.7 ns 0 - 59

Setting example

Exposure time [µs] Command

0.050 (50 ns)

1.000

31.500

1500000

60000000 (60 s)

SHUTTER 15 0 3

SHUTTER 15 1

SHUTTER 15 31 30

SHUTTER 15 1500000

(Minimum setting)

SHUTTER 15 60000000 (Maximum setting)

You can set an arbitrary setting in any mode other than trigger mode.

Remark Mode

Normal

Binning

Partial

Settable

a a a

Only settable for XCL-5005

1/15 s or less and 1/7.5 s or more is also settable

Trigger –

Note

Use of an arbitrary shutter may result in horizontal noise occurring in the captured image. In such a case, you can remove the noise by using the overlap function.

When the exposure time is set to 10 µs and below, or 2 s and above, smear and noise may appear in images. This is not a malfunction.

26

5. Shutter setting

5.3.

Overlap

Configure this setting with TRG-OVLP. In trigger mode or various modes that use an arbitrary shutter, horizontal noise may occur on the screen if an electronic shutter pulse SUB exists in the horizontal transferring period of the CCD. If TRG-OVLP=1 is set, SUB is automatically adjusted so that it occurs in the horizontal transferring blanking period, thus enabling you to prevent the inclusion of noise. In such a case, there is no change to the exposure time even if there is a delay in the exposure timing when in the trigger edge detection mode, but the exposure time may increase slightly when in the trigger width detection mode.

When inclusion of noise

The timing chart is when in trigger width mode

External trigger

The width of the external trigger is set to 40 ms, and the period to 70 ms. At that time, the SUB resulting from the next trigger exists in the image transferring period resulting from the previous trigger. The existence of SUB within the horizontal transferring period results in the inclusion of noise. If SUB exists in the horizontal blanking period, no noise occurs.

40ms

70ms

Electronic shutter pulse SUB

Start of exposure

End of exposure

Read pulse SG

Noise

Image transferring

Image transferring period:

Approx. 65 ms

5.4.

WEN-STRB

Configure this setting with WEN-STRB. You can change the output format of the 10th pin signal of the

DC IN connector (12-pin connector).

WEN-STRB 10th pin signal output of DC IN connector (12-pin connector)

0

1

2

GND (ground)

DVAL signal

Exposure (Positive polarity: Hi output)

*

* When the parameter for the shutter speed setting is set to the following values, the signal output of the 10th pin is fixed at Hi. This also applies when in trigger width detection mode.

SHUTTER = 0 (in all modes)

SHUTTER = 7 (in all modes)

SHUTTER = 1 (in binning mode)

5. Shutter setting

27

6. DSP Operation

6.1.

Signal processing block chart

Image

Analog

CCD AFE gain/pedestal

Digital

DSP

[XCL-5005CR]

DSP input Digital clamp Pixel gain

Gamma correction

Image output

Digital pedestal

Bayer filter

RGB correction

Color chart

Bit width/TAP selection

DSP output

[XCL-5005]

DSP input Flip-flop Digital clamp

Binarization

Digital gain

Gamma correction

3 × 3 filter

Edge detection

Edge enhancement

Digital pedestal

Bit width/TAP selection

DSP output

Grayscale chart

As each DSP function is composed of an independent module, DSP functions can be used in combination. For example, you can extract the outline portion by detecting the edges of an image for which gamma correction has been performed, and then perform Binarization processing. The DSP functions can be used in all camera modes.

28

6. DSP Operation

6.2.

Flip-flop [XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with FLIP-FLOP. It allows you to output a mirror image.

FLIP-FLOP=0 FLIP-FLOP=1

6.3.

Digital clamp

[XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with DCLAMP. You can add from

–255 to +255 steps to each of the images of the left and right areas individually. Fine adjustment of either the left or right level allows you to make the boundary in the center of the window caused by the difference of the left and right levels indistinguishable. This module is also equipped with an automatic correction function

(automatic clamp control: AUTO-DCLAMP) that detects the difference between the right and left levels and then makes the boundary invisible. When the automatic correction function is ON (AUTO-

DCLAMP=1), right and left digital clamp control cannot be used. The automatic correction function is set to ON at the time of shipment. The automatic correction function provides two settings to allow you to fine-tune the effectiveness.

6.3.1.

Clamp setting value

If you set the AUTO-DCLAMP parameter, you can adjust the effectiveness of automatic clamp control.

Increasing the value makes automatic clamp control less effective. Decreasing the value makes automatic clamp control more effective, but the likelihood of level variations in the left window increase. The optimal value differs depending on the subject and exposure, so adjust this setting according to the conditions.

6.3.2.

Correlation factor

Configure this setting with ADC-COEF. Increasing the

ADC-COEF value makes automatic clamp control more effective. If a subject of variable density exists near the left or right boundary of the window, the effectiveness of automatic clamp control may be very great, so set a low

ADC-COEF value to stabilize the image.

6.4.

Digital gain [XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with DGAIN, and the level with

DGAIN-STEP. Set the variable between ×1 to ×2

(+6 dB) and set the factor in 128 steps, and Yout = Yin × factor.

Use this, for example, when the image is dark with regards to AFE gain only.

Reference

The digital gain changes the whole display level, so controlling just the digital gain will also alter the black level at the same time. However, the black level can be retained by subtracting the value in advance in the previous step of the digital clamp, and then adding the value in a subsequent step for the digital pedestal. At that time, the output of the digital gain is as follows.

Input value

Digital clamp subtraction amount

Digital gain factor

Digital pedestal addition amount

Output value

K

B

Yin

A (–255 to +255)

Yout

6.5.

Pixel gain [XCL-5005CR]

Configure this setting with PIXEL-GAIN. You can set the gain steps by color with RGAIN, GGAIN, and

BGAIN.

6.5.1.

Definition equation

You can set the gain individually for each of R, G, and B pixels of the Bayer array. If the factor is k step, the relation of the output level OUT to the input level IN is expressed by the following equation.

The setting range of the factor is k = 0 to 2047

(Approximately 16 times, +24 dB). When k=128, IN is multiplied by 1 (through). When k=0, the output is zero.

When the color temperature setting of the white balance is manual, you can set the pixel gain individually for the left side and right side of the center of the window.

6. DSP Operation

29

6.5.2.

White balance

When PIXEL-GAIN=1, configure each mode with

WBMODE. You can select the color temperature from

3200 K, 5600 K, 6500 K, and manual. The setting is

3200 K at the time of shipment. One push white balance works to automatically adjust the color in accordance with AUTOWB.

AUTOWB has two modes. AUTOWB=0 measures the light and sets the pixel gain for each of the areas to the left and right of the center. At this time, the size of the measurement area is 512 × 256 pixels. AUTOWB=1 allows a measurement area of 256 × 256 pixels to be set with arbitrary position on the screen, but the difference on the left and right of the boundary can sometimes be seen after AWB execution. To reduce color level differences between the left and right of the boundary after AWB execution, use AUTOWB=0 of instead or finely adjust the pixel gain for the left and right individually so that there is no color level difference between the left and right of the boundary. Specify the position on the upper left of the measurement frame to select the measurement area. You can execute

AUTOWB in any mode other than partial scan.

AUTOWB Measurement area

White balance setting

0

1

Fixed Measures the light in a fixed center area and then sets the pixel gain. With this setting, a color level difference is least likely to be visible between the left and right of the boundary.

Arbitrary setting Sets the pixel gain for a specified measurement area.

With this setting, a color level difference may be visible between the left and right of the boundary.

Specified position

2048 256

256

512

256

Measurement area of AUTOWB=0

(fixed)

Measurement area of

AUTOWB=1

(arbitrary setting possible)

2446

You can execute AUTOWB regardless of the settings configured for pixel gain and white balance mode. After execution, the settings will automatically be configured to PIXEL-GAIN=1 and WBMODE=3 (manual).

To adjust white balance properly, the appropriate brightness level is necessary. An ideal situation, for example, would be when the image output level is 80% to 100% with a 12-bit output setting and 3000 steps to

3760 steps setting. If the image output level is too low or too high, an error will occur and white balance will not be performed.

Note

About specifying the coordinates for the AUTOWB=1

(arbitrary setting) position

Specify an even number between 0 and 2192 for the horizontal position.

Specify an odd number between 1 and 1793 for the vertical position.

Specifying numbers outside of these ranges or specifying invalid numbers will result in an error.

6.6.

Black balance

[XCL-5005CR]

Configure this setting with BBALANCE. You can adjust the black clamp level when PIXEL-GAIN=1. There is an automatic adjustment method for calculating the black balance from the OB (Optical Black) pixel value and a direct method that allows you to set the black balance for the left and right areas individually.

6.6.1.

Black balance automatic adjustment method

When BBALANCE=1 is set, the method is automatic adjustment method. Since the black clamp level is set to a value which is the pixel level value of the OB area after correction has been applied, the black clamp level is linked to exposure and can be set automatically. The optimal value is set at the time of shipment. Since the pixel gain is controlled if the correction amount is set to the + side and the clamp operates in the disengage direction if the correction amount is set to the – side, the black level increases when the pixel gain value becomes high.

Black clamp level = OB calculation value + correction value (–1023 to +1023)

The correction amount can be set for the left and right areas individually, except when automatic correction function (automatic clamp control) is set to ON (AUTO-

DCLAMP=1).

6.6.2.

Black balance direct adjustment method

When BBALANCE=2 is set, the method is direct specification adjustment method. This method is for directly specifying the black clamp level.

Black clamp level = specified value (0 to 2047)

You can set the areas on the left and right individually.

When the pedestal of AFE is changed, this value changes because it is linked.

30

6. DSP Operation

5

6

7

6.7.

Gamma correction

[XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

Configure each mode with GAMMA-MODE. There is a method for setting LUT arbitrarily, a method for setting with approximate linear interpolation, and a method for setting the gamma curve coefficient. There are seven gamma modes from Mode 1 to Mode 7. Apart from

Mode 5, which performs LUT initialization to return the setting to value at the time of shipment, the modes load the LUT value saved last time and are capable of accepting a GAMMA command. After you select a mode with GAMMA-MODE, input a parameter with a

GAMMA command. You can use the RMEM 2 command to read the LUT setting value. When you set the mode to Mode 5, the setting is returned to the value at the time of shipment, but due to five-point approximate linear interpolation performed on the gamma curve, the setting values of the five points 256,

512, 1024, 2048, and 3072 will be on a curve for which

1, 2, 3, 3, and 3 were selected, respectively.

Mode GAMMA-MODE operation

0 OFF (

γ = 1)

1 Loads last set value

2 Loads last set value

Save to ROM

No

Yes

Yes

3

4

Loads last set value

Loads last set value

Reset to initial value

Loads last set value

Loads last set value

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

LUT GAMMA Command

Through (

γ = 1)

Arbitrary setting

Five-point approximate linear interpolation

Not possible

Possible

Possible

Arbitrary setting

Five-point approximate linear interpolation

Possible

Possible

Value at time of shipment Not possible

γ coefficient

γ coefficient

Possible

Possible

6.7.1.

Arbitrary setting method

The arbitrary setting method is for inputting an LUT value for an arbitrary value from 0 to 4095. The relation of level OUT of the output image to level IN of the input image is expressed by the following equation.

6.7.2.

Five-point approximate linear interpolation

This method allows you to set the gamma curve easily by selecting 1 to 5 for the strength of the output values for the 5 points 256, 512, 1024, 2048, and 3072 (12-bit values).

Note

Performing approximate linear interpolation with Mode

2 and Mode 4 may result in a discontinuous curve.

In such a case, gradation parts for which no output level exists may appear to be missing data after the gamma process when the video signal is displayed in a waveform or histogram, but this phenomenon is normal and not an indication of a malfunction, because there is actually no video signal output corresponding to such output steps.

6. DSP Operation

31

4095

γ processed by linear interpolation

OUT

0

256 512 1024 2048

IN

Gamma off

(

γ = 1)

3072 4095

6.7.3.

Coefficient input method

You can use Modes 6 and 7 of GAMMA-MODE to create your own gamma curve by setting the

γ coefficient and offset value.

If the level of the input image is IN (12-bit conversion) and the coefficient is

γ, the level OUT (12-bit conversion) of the output image is expressed by the following equation.

The setting range available for the

γ coefficient is 0.00 to

1.00.

Setting an offset allows for

γ = 1 to be set for the level on and below the offset, and allows you to prevent white appearing in black parts.

For example, if you set the offset value to 300, the curve will be that of

γ = 1 for an input image level of 300 and below, and the curve will be that of the configured

γ value for an input image level over 300. The gamma curve for all input levels is depicted in the solid line of the graph, and this curve is used to determine the OUT level of the output image corresponding to an IN level of a particular input image.

4095

γ curve x Example of gamma command

Set the gamma mode to 1, and set level 500 to 300 and save it.

> GAMMA-MODE 1

OK

> GAMMA 500 300

OK

Set the gamma mode to 4, then set the point “512” to level 3 and check the picture. The setting is not saved here. After that, set the gamma mode to 2, and save it.

> GAMMA-MODE 4

OK

> GAMMA 512 3 (Check the picture. The setting is not saved.)

OK

> GAMMA-MODE 2

OK

> GAMMA 512 3 (The setting is saved.)

OK

Set the gamma mode to 2. You cannot set a value other than 5 points (“256”, “512”, “1024”, “2048”, “3072”).

500 is not correct in the following.

> GAMMA-MODE 2

OK

> GAMMA 500 300

ERROR SYNTAX

OK

Turn off the gamma mode. You cannot input the

GAMMA command here.

> GAMMA-MODE 0 (Gamma mode off)

OK

> GAMMA 512 1

ERROR STATUS

Create a gamma curve by setting the gamma mode to 6, setting the offset to 300, and setting the

γ coefficient to

0.45, and then save it.

> GAMMA-MODE 6

OK

> GAMMA 0.45 300

OK

OUT

Gamma off

(

γ = 1)

0

300

Offset

IN

4095

32

6. DSP Operation

6.8.

3 × 3 filter [XCL-5005]

Configure each mode with FILTER-MODE. This executes a matrix operation of 3 × 3 pixels to add various processing to the image. In Mode 1, you can set nine filter coefficients within the range of –10.000 to

+10.000 in increments of 0.001.

Mode 2 allows you to set pre-defined filters such as

Laplacian easily.

You can use the RMEM 1 command to call the current setting value. The 3 × 3 filter cannot be enabled when edge detection/enhancement (DTL) is set to ON.

Input

12

FILT 11 FILT 21

FILT 12 FILT 22

FILT 13 FILT 23

FILT 31

FILT 32

FILT 33

Output

12

6.8.1.

Mode 1

Use FILTER to specify the parameters for the coordinates and coefficient of 3 × 3 squares. The coordinates of the factor are as shown below. When

Mode 1 is set, the automatic correction function

(automatic clamp control) cannot be set to ON. x Setting example

(a) Secondary differentiation (Laplacian) filter

of 8 proximity

This filter detects an edge-a point where the contrast is changed like the outline of the object in the picture.

1

1

1

11

12

13

1

–8

1

21

22

23

31

32

33

1

1

1

6. DSP Operation

33

(b) Image sharpening filter

Parts where the density varies such as edges are emphasized by subtracting the secondary differentiation from the target image. The following filter multiplies the

Laplacian filter of 8 proximity by a weighting coefficient of 0.111, and then subtracts the value from the original image, so the edges are emphasized while controlling the sharpness level.

–0.111

–0.111

–0.111

–0.111

1.888

–0.111

–0.111

–0.111

–0.111

6.8.2.

Mode 2

Six patterns have been provided.

1

Filter type

Effect

Laplacian filter of 8 proximity

Detects edges.

2 Laplacian filter of 4 proximity

Detects edges.

3 Moving average filter

Blurs the image.

4 Weighted average filter

Blurs the image.

5 r direction edge detection filter

Detects top/bottom LowToHi pixels.

6 t direction edge detection filter

Detects left/right LowToHi pixels.

Factor

–1

–1

–1

0.111

0.111

0.062

0.125

0

1

0.062

–1

1

1

1

0

1

0

0.111

0

0

0

0.111

0.111

0.125

0.250

0

1

0.125

–1

1

–8

1

1

–4

1

0.111

1

1

1

0.111

0.111

0.062

0.125

0

1

0.062

–1

1

1

1

0

1

0

0.111

34

6. DSP Operation

6.9.

Edge detection/ enhancement (DTL)

[XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with DTL-MODE. In addition to objects, noise is also detected and emphasized when using the filter in “6.8. 3 × 3 filter.” However, DTL is designed to detect and emphasize the edges of objects in a picture while minimizing noise. DTL cannot be enabled when the 3 × 3 filter is set to ON. Edge detection (DTL-

MODE=1) is a filter for detecting edges while reducing noise by taking the difference between the density levels of both sides of the original image in the four directions top, bottom, left, and right individually. A feature of this filter is that it outputs clearer edge detection images.

Edge enhancement (DTL-MODE=2) is a sharpening filter that enables adjustment of the level for sharpening by freely setting a weighting coefficient for the outline image obtained through edge detection. You can specify the enhancement level of sharpening with DTL-COEF. This filter allows you to obtain a sharpened image with the noise reduced, which is difficult to achieve using only the 3 × 3 filter process.

Note

In the edge detection mode, the boundary of the right and left areas of the CCD may occasionally be detected as an edge. In such a case, you can solve the problem by increasing the size of the parameter (clamp setting value) of automatic clamp control (AUTO-DCLAMP), decreasing the size of the ADC-COEF (correlation factor), or turning off automatic clamp control (AUTO-

DCLAMP=0).

6. DSP Operation

35

6.10. Binarization [XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with BINARIZE. This setting performs the binarization processing. You can set the threshold value of binarization with a parameter. It can be set within the range of 240 to 3900 (when 12 bits). If the image output bit is changed, each of the setting ranges of the threshold value will be 60 to 975 (when 10 bits) and 15 to 243 (when 8 bits).

However, when setting the parameter, convert the threshold value setting into a value of 12 bits even if you use the camera in 8 bits or 10 bits.

Reference

The edge detection image can be emphasized by using a combination of edge detection and binarization processing.

36

6. DSP Operation

6.11.

Digital pedestal

[XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with DPEDESTAL. This can be adjusted from +1 to +255. This setting raises the whole level.

Y

6.13. Grayscale chart

[XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with GRAYSCALE. This setting outputs the grayscale chart in the camera instead of video signals. This is common for all modes. It can be used to, for example, set the condition and check the level in the current usage environment.

6.12.

8/10/12 bit length selection

[XCL-5005CR] [XCL-5005]

Configure this setting with IMG-WIZE. You can select

12-bit output, 10-bit output, and 8-bit output. With the

XCL-5005CR, you can select RGB 24-bit (8 bits each for R, G, B) output. When selecting RGB 24-bit, you can set RGB color correction, which allows for ±255 step correction of each of the R, G, and B levels. This is set to 12 bits at the time of shipment.

Block Level (12 bits) Width [Pixel] Height [Pixel]

A 186

B 558

47

204

C 930

D 1302

E 1674

F 2046

204

204

204

409 2050

G 2790

H 3162

I 3534

J 3906

K 4095

204

204

204

204

360

6. DSP Operation

37

6.14. Color chart [XCL-5005CR]

Configure this setting with COLORBAR. This setting outputs the color chart in the camera instead of video signals. There are three types of chart depending on the mode. It can be used to, for example, set the condition and check the level in the current usage environment.

Normal

A

Partial scan

A

RGB 24 bits

B

B

C D

E F G H I J K

L M N O P Q R

C D

A B C D E F G

Normal

Block Color Level (12 bits)

R G

A Red

4095 0

B

0

Width

[Pixel]

702

4095 0 700

C Blue

0 0 4095 705

D White

4095 4095 341

E Blue

899 980 2409 352

F Green

G Red

H Yellow

I Magenta

J Cyan

K White

L White

1124

2810

3710

3003

128

3902

3902

2377

867

3196

1381

2136

3902

3902

1172

964

498

2393

2585

3886

3886

350

350

350

350

355

341

352

3212 3212 3212 350

2569 2569 2569 350

1959 1959 1943 350

1365 1365 1365 350

Q Black

R

Black 0%

835

0

835

0

835

0

355

341

Height

[Pixel]

684

682

684

Partial scan

Block Color Level (12 bits)

R G

A Red

4095 0

B

0

Width

[Pixel]

702

4095 0 700

C Blue

0 0 4095 705

D White

4095 4095 341

Height

[Pixel]

2050

RGB 24 bits

Block Color

A Blue

B Green

C Red

D Yellow

E Magenta

F Cyan

G White

Level (12 bits) Width

[Pixel]

R G B

899 980 2409 352

1124 2377 1172 350

2810 867 964 350

3710 3196 498 350

3003 1381 2393 350

128 2136 2585 355

3902 3902 3886 341

Height

[Pixel]

2050

38

6. DSP Operation

Camera Control Commands

General

The XCL-5005CR/5005 can be controlled externally via a serial communication using such communication software as “HyperTerminal” or “Tera Term”.

Serial Communication

Specifications

The serial communication system is an asynchronous method compliant with RS-232C. The following table shows the transmission control specifications.

Command inputs are echoed back.

Baud rate

Data bit

Parity

Stop bit

Flow control

57600 / 38400 / 19200 / 9600 [bps]

Default setting: 38400 [bps]

8

None

1

None

Command system

Command category

Camera control command

Setting value control command

Explanation

Controls the camera.

Controls setting data saved inside the camera.

Command format

To input or send a command, input a command name and concomitant parameters setting off with spaces, and press [Enter] (Carriage Return) key.

The following are input format and input examples.

<Input format> command param1 param2 param3 [enter]

<Input example>

PARTIAL 1 0 15 <CR>

Note

Do not omit a command and parameters before the last one. But the parameter stated inside the double brackets like ([Parameter]) can be omitted.

Regarding the parameter without setting value, it will be processed in the present value.

• Input alphabets are not case-sensitive.

• Input parameters of decimal number.

Command input and response

The camera returns an echo to valid inputs: letters of the alphabet, numbers, “+”, “-”, “.”, spaces, backspaces and

[Enter] (Carriage Return).

Input of letters and symbols other than those above are ignored.

• When command execution is completed normally,

“OK” is displayed.

<Input>

PARTIAL 1 0 15 <CR>

<Window display>

OK <CRLF>

• When command execution is not completed normally,

“ERROR STATUS” is displayed. Also, details of the execution are displayed for some commands (saying later for each command).

• If a value out of the range is input as a parameter, the input command is invalidated and “ERROR

SYNTAX” is displayed.

<Input>

PARTIAL 1 0 20 <CR>

<Window display>

ERROR SYNTAX <CRLF>

• If an invalid command is input, “ERROR SYNTAX” is displayed.

<Input>

PART 1 0 20 <CR>

<Window display>

ERROR SYNTAX <CRLF>

• When [Enter] key is pressed with no command input, only the carriage return is carried out.

When an invalid letter or symbol is input, it is ignored.

General

39

Command Specification

This section describes the details of control commands available for the XCL-5005CR/5005, classified by category.

Camera control commands

The camera control commands are classified in 10 categories.

Category

AFE

Shutter/Trigger

DTL/Binarization

Digital

WB

AJ

Gamma

Filter

Binning/Partial

IN/OUT

Explanation

Executes setting of AFE.

Executes settings connected to

Shutter/Trigger function.

Executes setting of DTL/

Binarization.

Executes setting connected to digital processes.

Executes setting of white balance.

Executes settings of black balance/ color correction.

Executes setting of Gamma correction curve.

Executes setting of Filter.

Executes settings of Binning/Partial.

Executes settings connected to input/output of the camera.

All concomitant parameter values of the camera control commands are saved in the Flash ROM inside the camera.

AFE Setting Command

x Gain-Step Setting

[Command] GAIN-STEP

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 18)> [dB]

[Process] Sets Gain of AFE.

x Gain-Step Setting (Left side of the window)

[Command] GAIN-STEP-L

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 18)> [dB]

[Process] Sets Gain of AFE on the left side of the window.

x Gain-Step Setting (Right side of the window)

[Command] GAIN-STEP-R

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 18)> [dB]

[Process] Sets Gain of AFE on the right side of the window.

x Gain-Fine Setting

[Command] GAIN-FINE

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 502)>

[Process] Divides the range from 0 to 18 dB of “Gain-

Step setting” into 502 parts, and fine adjusts Gain of

AFE and sets them.

x Gain-Fine Setting (Left side of the window)

[Command] GAIN-FINE-L

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 502)>

[Process] Divides the range from 0 to 18 dB of “Gain-

Step setting” into 502 parts, and fine adjusts Gain of

AFE on the left side of the window and sets them.

x Gain-Fine Setting (Right side of the window)

[Command] GAIN-FINE-R

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 502)>

[Process] Divides the range from 0 to 18 dB of “Gain-

Step setting” into 502 parts, and fine adjusts Gain of

AFE on the right side of the window and sets them.

Note

About gain setting ranges

The recommended range for the step setting is a maximum value of 18, while the recommended range for the fine setting is a maximum value of 502. With these values, the gain setting is 18 dB, and variable range can be assured for all cameras.

It is possible to set the step setting to a maximum value of 36 and the fine setting to a maximum value of 1023 without causing an error.

However, the maximum values for these settings at which the gain setting also increases may be smaller than 36 and 1023 respectively. The exact maximum values cannot be given because they are non-uniform camera-unique values and as such differ for each camera.

If you specify values over a maximum of 18 for the step setting and 502 for the fine setting, the gain setting also increases to more than 18 dB, and both noise and differences between the left and right sides of the window may become more noticeable. However, this does not indicate a malfunction.

x Pedestal Setting

[Command] PEDESTAL

[Parameter 1] <Pedestal level (0 - 1023)>

[Process] Sets AFE pedestal level.

x Pedestal Setting (Left side of the window)

[Command] PEDESTAL-L

[Parameter 1] <Pedestal level (0 - 1023)>

[Process] Sets AFE pedestal level on the left side of the window.

x Pedestal Setting (Right side of the window)

[Command] PEDESTAL-R

[Parameter 1] <Pedestal level (0 - 1023)>

[Process] Sets AFE pedestal level on the right side of the window.

40

Command Specification

x Shutter Speed Setting

[Command] SHUTTER

[Parameter 1] <Shutter setting (0 - 15)>

0: OFF 6: 1/500 s 12: 1/2 s

1: 1/15 s

2: 1/30 s

3: 1/100 s

7: 1/1000 s

8: 1/2000 s

9: 1/5000 s

4: 1/120 s 10: 1/10000 s

13: 1 s

14: 2 s

15: Arbitrary setting

5: 1/250 s 11: 1/7.5 s

([Parameter 2]) <Shutter speed adjusting value (0 -

60000000)>

([Parameter 3]) <Shutter speed fine adjusting (0 - 59)>

[Process] Sets the shutter speed.

If Parameter 1 is set to arbitrary setting, Parameter

2 and Parameter 3 are valid.

(When minimum) | Speed adjusting value (0) +

Speed fine adjusting (3) |

(When maximum) | Speed adjusting value

(60000000) + Speed fine adjusting (0) | x Trigger Mode Setting

[Command] TRG-MODE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 2)>

0: OFF t Normal output of moving picture

1: External trigger/Edge detection t Controls the shutter speed beginning exposure from the valid edge of the external trigger.

2: External trigger/Pulse width detection t Controls the shutter speed with the valid pulse width of the external trigger.

[Process] Sets the trigger operation mode.

x External Trigger Pulse Polarity Setting

[Command] TRG-POL

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: Negative

1: Positive

[Process] Specifies the polarity of the external trigger pulse.

x External Trigger Overlap Setting

[Command] TRG-OVLP

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Process] Sets the external trigger overlap.

DTL/Binarization Setting Command

(XCL-5005 only)

x Edge Enhancement Filter Factor Setting

[Command] DTL-COEF

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 15)>

[Process] Sets the edge enhancement filter factor.

x DTL Mode Setting

[Command] DTL-MODE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 2)>

0: OFF

1: Edge detection filter

2: Edge enhancement filter

[Process] Sets the DTL mode. Regarding the edge enhancement filter, the edge enhancement filter factor is reflected.

x Binarization Threshold Value Setting

[Command] BINARIZE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

([Parameter 2]) <Binarization threshold value (240 -

3900)>

[Process] Sets the binarization mode and the binarization threshold value.

WB Setting Command

(XCL-5005CR only)

x White Balance Mode Setting

[Command] WBMODE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 3)>

0: 3200 K preset t The adjustment data of “WB preset value adjusting (3200 K)” becomes valid.

1: 5600 K preset t The adjustment data of “WB preset value adjusting (5600 K)” becomes valid.

2: 6500 K preset t The adjustment data of “WB preset value adjusting (6500 K)” becomes valid.

3: Manual setting t The manual RGB gain setting value becomes valid.

[Process] Sets the white balance mode.

x One Push White Balance Execution

[Command] AUTOWB

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: Default area

1: Arbitrary area

([Parameter 2]) <Horizontal position (0 - 2192)>

([Parameter 3]) <Vertical position (1 - 1793)>

[Process] Selects the measurement area of one push white balance from the default area or an arbitrary area.

If Parameter 1 is set to arbitrary area, Parameter 2 and Parameter 3 are valid. Specify an even number between 0 and 2192 for the horizontal position

(Parameter 2). Specify an odd number between 1 and

1793 for the vertical position (Parameter 3).

Another command cannot be accepted during the execution of one push white balance, and one of the following messages appears after processing finishes.

Command Specification

41

“OK”: Ended successfully

“LEVEL HIGH”: Failed because the luminance level is too high

“LEVEL LOW”: Failed because the luminance level is too low

“TIME OUT”: Timeout

(When default area)

Horizontal 512 columns, vertical 256 lines (horizontal position 968, vertical position 897)

(When arbitrary area)

Horizontal 256 columns, vertical 256 lines x Pixel Gain Setting

[Command] PIXEL-GAIN

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Process] Sets the pixel gain. x Manual R Gain Setting

[Command] RGAIN

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the R gain for when WBMODE manual setting. (Reference value: 128) x Manual R Gain Setting (Left side of the

window)

[Command] RGAIN-L

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the R gain for when WBMODE manual setting on the left side of the window. (Reference value: 128) x Manual R Gain Setting (Right side of the

window)

[Command] RGAIN-R

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the R gain for when WBMODE manual setting on the right side of the window. (Reference value: 128) x Manual G Gain Setting

[Command] GGAIN

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the G gain for when WBMODE manual setting. (Reference value: 128) x Manual G Gain Setting (Left side of the

window)

[Command] GGAIN-L

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the G gain for when WBMODE manual setting on the left side of the window. (Reference value: 128) x Manual G Gain Setting (Right side of the

window)

[Command] GGAIN-R

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the G gain for when WBMODE manual setting on the right side of the window. (Reference value: 128) x Manual B Gain Setting

[Command] BGAIN

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the B gain for when WBMODE manual setting. (Reference value: 128) x Manual B Gain Setting (Left side of the

window)

[Command] BGAIN-L

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the B gain for when WBMODE manual setting on the left side of the window. (Reference value: 128) x Manual B Gain Setting (Right side of the

window)

[Command] BGAIN-R

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 2047)>

[Process] Sets the B gain for when WBMODE manual setting on the right side of the window. (Reference value: 128)

AJ Setting Command (XCL-5005CR only)

x Black Clamp Level Setting

[Command] BBALANCE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (1 - 2)>

1: Automatic adjustment method

2: Direct adjustment method

(When automatic adjustment method)

([Parameter 2]) <Black clamp level correction value

(±1023)>

(When direct adjustment method)

([Parameter 2]) <Black clamp level adjusting value (0 -

2047)>

[Process] Sets the black clamp level setting and black clamp level adjusting or correction value.

x Black Clamp Level Setting (Left side of the

window)

[Command] BBALANCE-L

[Parameter 1] <Mode (1 - 2)>

1: Automatic adjustment method

2: Direct adjustment method

(When automatic adjustment method)

([Parameter 2]) <Black clamp level correction value

(±1023)>

(When direct adjustment method)

([Parameter 2]) <Black clamp level adjusting value (0 -

2047)>

[Process] Sets the black clamp level setting and black clamp level adjusting or correction value on the left side of the window.

42

Command Specification

x Black Clamp Level Setting (Right side of the

window)

[Command] BBALANCE-R

[Parameter 1] <Mode (1 - 2)>

1: Automatic adjustment method

2: Direct adjustment method

(When automatic adjustment method)

([Parameter 2]) <Black clamp level correction value

(±1023)>

(When direct adjustment method)

([Parameter 2]) <Black clamp level adjusting value (0 -

2047)>

[Process] Sets the black clamp level setting and black clamp level adjusting or correction value on the right side of the window.

x RGB Red Correction Setting

[Command] RCORR

[Parameter 1] <Correction value (±255)>

[Process] Sets red correction for when RGB output.

x RGB Green Correction Setting

[Command] GCORR

[Parameter 1] <Correction value (±255)>

[Process] Sets green correction for when RGB output.

x RGB Blue Correction Setting

[Command] BCORR

[Parameter 1] <Correction value (±255)>

[Process] Sets blue correction for when RGB output.

Digital Setting Command

x Digital Gain Setting (XCL-5005 only)

[Command] DGAIN

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Process] Sets the digital gain.

x Digital Gain-Step Setting (XCL-5005 only)

[Command] DGAIN-STEP

[Parameter 1] <Gain (0 - 128)>

[Process] Sets and fine adjusts the digital gain.

x Digital Pedestal Setting

[Command] DPEDESTAL

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

([Parameter 2]) <Pedestal level (0 - 255)>

[Process] Sets the digital pedestal level.

x Automatic Clamp Control Setting

[Command] AUTO-DCLAMP

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

([Parameter 2]) <Clamp setting value (0 - 65535)>

[Process] Sets the automatic clamp control and the clamp setting value. x Automatic Clamp Control Correlation Factor

Setting

[Command] ADC-COEF

[Parameter 1] <Correlation factor (0 - 4095)>

[Process] Sets the automatic clamp control correlation factor.

x Digital Clamp Setting

[Command] DCLAMP

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

([Parameter 2]) <Clamp adjusting value (± 255)>

[Process] Sets the digital clamp and the clamp adjusting value.

x Digital Clamp Setting (Left side of the

window)

[Command] DCLAMP-L

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

([Parameter 2]) <Clamp adjusting value (± 255)>

[Process] Sets the digital clamp and the clamp adjusting value on the left side of the window.

x Digital Clamp Setting (Right side of the

window)

[Command] DCLAMP-R

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

([Parameter 2]) <Clamp adjusting value (± 255)>

[Process] Sets the digital clamp and the clamp adjusting value on the right side of the window.

Gamma Setting Command

x Gamma Correction Mode Setting

[Command] GAMMA-MODE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 7)>

0: OFF

1: Optional setting

2: 5 points approximation

3: Optional setting (Setting value is not saved.)

4: 5 approximation points (Setting value is not saved.)

5: Default setting

6: Gamma value setting

7: Gamma value setting (Setting value not saved.)

[Process] Sets the gamma mode.

Setting gamma mode 5 initializes LUT value.

x LUT Value Setting (the case of gamma mode

1 and 3)

[Command] GAMMA

Command Specification

43

[Parameter 1] <IN data (0 - 4095)>

[Parameter 2] <OUT data (0 - 4095)>

[Process] Sets the LUT value optionally.

x LUT Value Setting (the case of gamma mode

2 and 4)

[Command] GAMMA

[Parameter 1] <Changing point (256 / 512 / 1024 /

2048 / 3072)>

[Parameter 2] <Strong and weak (1 - 5)>

[Process] Sets the LUT value at the 5 approximation points.

x LUT Value Setting (When gamma modes 6

and 7)

[Command] GAMMA

[Parameter 1] <Gamma value (0.00 - 1.00)>

([Parameter 2]) <Gamma offset value (0 - 4095)>

[Process] Sets the LUT value with a gamma value.

Filter Setting Command (XCL-5005 only)

x Filter Mode Setting

[Command] FILTER-MODE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 2)>

0: OFF

1: Optional setting

2: Table setting

[Process] Sets the filter mode.

x Filter Setting (the case of filter mode 1)

[Command] FILTER

[Parameter 1] <Address (11 / 12 / 13 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 31 /

32 / 33)>

[Parameter 2] <Filter factor (± 0.000 – ±10.000)>

[Process] Sets the filter optionally.

x Filter Setting (the case of filter mode 2)

[Command] FILTER

[Parameter 1] <Table pattern (1 - 6)>

[Process] Sets the filter table pattern.

Binning / Partial Setting Command

x Binning Mode Setting (XCL-5005 only)

[Command] BINNING

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Process] Sets the binning mode.

x Partial Scan Setting

[Command] PARTIAL

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 5)>

0: OFF

1: Divided into 16 (XCL-5000 compatible)

2: Divided into 32 (XCL-5000 compatible)

3: Divided into 16

4: Divided into 32

5: Divided into arbitrary number

(When divided into 16)

([Parameter 2]) <Read beginning point (0 - 15)>

([Parameter 3]) <Read block number (0 - 15)>

(When divided into 32)

([Parameter 2]) <Read beginning point (0 - 31)>

([Parameter 3]) <Read block number (0 - 31)>

(When divided into arbitrary number)

([Parameter 2]) <Read beginning point (0 - 408)>

([Parameter 3]) <Read line number (1 - 2050)>

[Process] Specifies the mode setting of partial scan with

Parameter 1, and the read area for when scan operation with Parameter 2 and Parameter 3.

The range of setting values is as follows. Any other value is invalid.

The XCL-5005CR sets an even value to Parameter 2 by placing a primary color filter.

(When divided into 16)

| Read beginning position + read line number |

≤ 15

(When divided into 32)

| Read beginning position + read line number |

≤ 31

(When divided into arbitrary number)

| Read beginning position × 5 + read line number |

≤ 2050 x Partial Scan Offset Setting

[Command] PARTIAL-OFFSET

[Parameter 1] <Offset value (0 - 51)>

[Process] Sets offset for partial scan read beginning position.

When the partial scan setting is set to Modes 1 to 4

(divided into 16 or 32), the setting range for the offset value (Parameter 1) is 0 to 38.

The XCL-5005CR sets an even value for the offset value (Parameter 1) by placing a primary color filter.

x Horizontal Partial Scan Setting

[Command] HPARTIAL

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Parameter 2] <Read column number (128 - 2448)>

[Process] Sets the read column number for when horizontal partial scan operation.

Set the read column number (Parameter 2) to a multiple of 4 between the range of 128 to 2448.

IN/OUT Setting Command

x External Trigger Signal Input Selection

[Command] EXTTRG

[Parameter 1] <Input specification (0 - 1)>

0: Camera Link t DIGITAL IF connector

1: DC t DC IN connector

44

Command Specification

[Process] Selects an input route of the external trigger signal.

x Flip-flop Output Setting (XCL-5005 only)

[Command] FLIP-FLOP

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Process] Sets the flip-flop of image output.

x Grayscale Output Setting (XCL-5005 only)

[Command] GRAYSCALE

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Process] Sets the grayscale mode.

x Color Bar Output Setting (XCL-5005CR only)

[Command] COLORBAR

[Parameter 1] <Mode (0 - 1)>

0: OFF

1: ON

[Process] Sets the color bar output mode.

x DC IN Connector Signal Output Setting

[Command] WEN-STRB

[Parameter 1] <Specification for 10th pin output (0 - 2)>

0: GND output

1: DVAL output

2: EXPOSURE output

[Process] Sets the 10th pin of DC IN connector signal output specification.

x Image Output Data Width

[Command] IMG-WIZE

[Parameter 1] <Image output data width (0 - 3)>

0: 12 bit output

1: 10 bit output

2: 8 bit output

3: RGB 24 bit output (XCL-5005CR only)

[Process] Sets the image output data width.

x Image Output Data Tap

[Command] IMG-TAP

[Parameter 1] <Image output data tap (0 - 1)>

0: 80 MHz 1TAP output

1: 40 MHz 2TAP output

[Process] Sets the image output data tap.

x Serial Transmission Speed Setting

[Command] BRATE

[Parameter 1] <Baud rate (0 - 3)>

0: 9600 bps

1: 19200 bps

2: 38400 bps

3: 57600 bps

[Process] Sets the serial transmission speed.

Setting Value Control Command

The setting value control command controls camera setting data saved in the Flash ROM inside the camera.

The following list shows the contents.

Command

Initialization of setting value

Save setting

Read setting

Setting value accession

Explanation

Initializes the data corresponding to the camera control command to the factory setting value.

Writes the data corresponding to the camera control command in the Flash ROM.

Reads the data corresponding to the camera control command in the Flash ROM.

Sends the necessary data to the camera control application.

Setting Initialization Command

Note

Some data are not initialized by executing the following

commands. For details, refer to “Parameter List” on page 51.

x Initialization of Setting

[Command] INIT

[Process] Initializes the data corresponding to the camera control command to the factory setting value.

Save Setting Command

x Save Setting

[Command] SAVE

[Process] Writes the data corresponding to the camera control command in the Flash ROM.

Another command is not accepted during execution of the process. After completion of execution, the following message is displayed.

“OK”: Normal completion

Note

If the completion is not normal, the saved data may be damaged.

Read Setting Command

x Read Setting

[Command] LOAD

[Process] Reads the data corresponding to the camera control command in the Flash ROM.

Command Specification

45

Setting Value Accession Command

x Setting Value Accession

[Command] RMEM

([Parameter 1]) <Setting value selection (None, 1 - 2)>

None: Camera setting value accession

1: Filter factor accession (XCL-5005 only)

2: LUT value accession

[Process] Sends the data which can be set by Serial communication and the camera information

(version) to the camera control application.

Another command is not accepted during transmission of data.

[Data transmission] Transmits data continuously in each category.

The transmitting data are shown in decimal number.

The followings are transmission format and the transmission examples.

<Transmission format>

<Category>: <Data 1>, <Data 2>, <Data 3>, ...,

<CRLF>

<Transmission example>

CA: 1.00 <CRLF>

AF: 0, 0, 1023, 1023, ..., <CRLF>

SH: 0 <CRLF>

.

..

OK <CRLF>

AF

SH

TR

DT

BR

DG

XCL-5005 Setting Values

Content Category name

CA Camera information

AFE

Shutter

Trigger

DTL

Binarization

Digital

2

2

11

4

3

3

Data number

1

Data

<Version>

GM

FL

BN

PT

IO

Gamma

Filter

Binning

Partial

IN/OUT

6

1

1

6

7

<AFE gain-left>, <AFE gain-right>, <Clamp level-left>, <Clamp level-right>

<Shutter speed>, <Shutter speed adjusting value>, <Shutter speed fine-adjusting>

<Trigger mode>, <External trigger pulse polarity>, <Trigger overlap mode>

<DTL mode>, <Edge enhancement filter factor>

<Binarization mode>, <Binarization threshold value>

<Digital gain mode>, <Digital gain step>, <Digital pedestal mode>, <Digital pedestal>, <Automatic clamp control setting>, <Automatic clamp control convergence value>, <Automatic clamp control correlation factor>, <Digital clamp mode-left>, <Digital clamp-left>, <Digital clamp mode-right>, <Digital clamp-right>

<Gamma mode>, <Change point (256)>, <Change point (512)>, <Change point

(1024)>, <Change point (2048)>, <Change point (3072)>

<Filter mode>

<Binning mode>

<Partial scan mode>, <Partial scan read beginning position>, <Partial scan read area>, <Partial scan offset value>, <Horizontal partial scan mode>, <Horizontal partial scan column number>

<Trigger signal input selection>, <Grayscale output mode>, <Image output data width>, <DC IN connector signal output setting>, <Serial communication speed setting>, <Image output data tap>, <Flip-flop output setting>

46

Command Specification

XCL-5005CR Setting Values

Content Category name

CA

Data number

1

AF

SH

TR

WB

Camera information

AFE

Shutter

Trigger

WB

4

3

3

10

AJ

DG

GM

PT

IO

Adjust

Digital

Gamma

Partial

IN/OUT

8

9

6

6

6

Data

<Version>

<AFE gain-left>, <AFE gain-right>, <Clamp level-left>, <Clamp level-right>

<Shutter speed>, <Shutter speed adjusting value>, <Shutter speed fine-adjusting>

<Trigger mode>, <External trigger pulse polarity>, <Trigger overlap mode>

<Pixel gain mode>, <White balance mode>, <Manual R gain-left>, <Manual R gain-right>, <Manual G gain-left>, <Manual G gain-right>, <Manual B gain-left>,

<Manual B gain-right>, <White balance measurement area horizontal position>,

<White balance measurement area vertical position>

<Black clamp level mode>, <Automatic adjustment method/black clamp levelleft>, <Automatic adjustment method/black clamp level-right>, <Direct adjustment method/black clamp level-left>, <Direct adjustment method/black clamp level-right>, <Red color correction>, <Green color correction>, <Blue color correction>

<Digital pedestal mode>, <Digital pedestal>, <Automatic clamp control setting>,

<Automatic clamp control convergence value>, <Automatic clamp control correlation factor>, <Digital clamp mode-left>, <Digital clamp-left>, <Digital clamp mode-right>, <Digital clamp-right>

<Gamma mode>, <Change point (256)>, <Change point (512)>, <Change point

(1024)>, <Change point (2048)>, <Change point (3072)>

<Partial scan mode>, <Partial scan read beginning position>, <Partial scan read area>, <Partial scan offset value>, <Horizontal partial scan mode>, <Horizontal partial scan column number>

<Trigger signal input selection>, <Color bar output mode>, <Image output data width>, <DC IN connector signal output setting>, <Serial communication speed setting>, <Image output data tap>

Command Specification

47

Others

x Version Indication

[Command] VERSION

[Process] The camera model name and the camera version are displayed.

<Input> VERSION<CR>

(When XCL-5005)

<Window display> XCL-5005 Ver. * . **

<CRLF>

OK<CRLF>

(When XCL-5005CR)

<Window display> XCL-5005CR Ver. * .

** <CRLF>

OK<CRLF> x Help Indication

[Command] HELP

[Process] The list of camera control commands is displayed.

Command Limitation

Even a valid parameter can be invalid in combination with some settings. In this case, the command is invalid and “ERROR STATUS” is displayed.

Shutter speed condition

Partial scan read area

Divided into 16

0 to 5

6 to 15

Shutter speed setting

Divided into 32

0 to 11

Arbitrary setting

1 to 781

Pre-setting

1/100 to 1/10000

12 to 31 782 to 2050 1/30 to 1/10000

Calculate the partial arbitrary setting by adding the partial offset value and the line number.

Filter mode (Mode 1 only)

AUTO-DCLAMP Filter mode 1

0 (OFF)

1 (ON)

Setting is possible.

Setting is not possible.

Black balance

Setting is possible.

Setting is possible

(left/right adjustment is not possible).

Partial scan mode

BINNING

0 (OFF)

1 (ON)

Partial scan mode

Setting is possible.

Setting is not possible.

One push white balance and manual RGB gain

WBMODE PARTIAL AUTOWB

0 (3200 K)

1 (5600 K)

2 (6500 K)

3 (Manual)

0 to 5

0 (OFF)

Setting is possible.

Manual

RGB gain

Setting is not possible.

1 to 5 (ON)

Setting is possible.

Setting is not possible.

Setting is possible.

Setting is possible.

Trigger mode and pulse polarity

Trigger mode Shutter speed setting

0 to 14

15

Setting is possible.

Setting is not possible.

Pulse polarity

Setting is possible.

Setting is not possible.

Image output data tap (2TAP only)

Image output data width Image output data tap

(2TAP)

0 to 2

3

Setting is possible.

Setting is not possible.

48

Command Specification

Command List

The following is the list of camera control commands.

Command

GAIN-STEP

GAIN-STEP-L

GAIN-STEP-R

GAIN-FINE

GAIN-FINE-L

GAIN-FINE-R

PEDESTAL

PEDESTAL-L

PEDESTAL-R

WBMODE

AUTOWB

PIXEL-GAIN

RGAIN

RGAIN-L

RGAIN-R

GGAIN

GGAIN-L

GGAIN-R

BGAIN

BGAIN-L

BGAIN-R

BBALANCE

BBALANCE-L

BBALANCE-R

RCORR

GCORR

BCORR

DGAIN

DGAIN-STEP

DPEDESTAL

AUTO-DCLAMP

ADC-COEF

DCLAMP

DCLAMP-L

DCLAMP-R

SHUTTER

TRG-MODE

TRG-POL

Gain

Gain

Gain

Gain

Gain

Gain

Gain

Mode

Parameter 1

Gain

Gain

Gain

Gain

Gain

Gain

Pedestal level

Pedestal level

Pedestal level

Mode

Mode

Mode

Gain

Gain

Mode

Mode

Color correction

Color correction

Color correction

Mode

Y gain

Mode

Mode

Correlation factor

Mode

Mode

Mode

Shutter setting

Mode

Pulse polarity

Parameter 2

Horizontal position

Black clamp level adjusting/correction value

Black clamp level adjusting/correction value

Black clamp level adjusting/correction value

Pedestal level

Clamp setting value

Parameter 3

Vertical position

Clamp level

Clamp level

Clamp level

Shutter adjusting value Shutter fine adjusting

– –

– –

Explanation

Gain-step setting

Gain-step setting (left)

Gain-step setting (right)

Gain-fine setting

Gain-fine setting (left)

Gain-fine setting (right)

Pedestal level setting

Pedestal level setting (left)

Pedestal level setting (right)

White balance mode setting

One push white balance execution

Pixel gain setting

Manual R gain setting

Manual R gain setting (left)

Manual R gain setting (right)

Manual G gain setting

Manual G gain setting (left)

Manual G gain setting (right)

Manual B gain setting

Manual B gain setting (left)

Manual B gain setting (right)

Black clamp level setting

Black clamp level setting (left)

Black clamp level setting (right)

RGB red correction setting

RGB green correction setting

RGB blue correction setting

Digital gain mode setting

Digital gain-step setting

Digital pedestal setting

Automatic clamp control setting

Automatic clamp control correlation factor

Digital clamp level setting

Digital clamp level setting (left)

Digital clamp level setting (right)

Shutter speed setting

Trigger mode setting

External trigger polarity setting

Command List

49

Command

TRG-OVLP

DTL-MODE

DTL-COEF

Parameter 1

Mode

Mode

Filter factor

Parameter 2

Parameter 3

IMG-WIZE

IMG-TAP

GAMMA-MODE

GAMMA

(MODE1, 3)

(MODE2, 4)

(MODE6, 7)

FILTER-MODE

FILTER

(MODE1)

(MODE2)

BINARIZE

BINNING

PARTIAL

Data width

Data tap

Mode

IN data change point

Changing point

Gamma value

Mode

OUT data change point

Strong and weak value

Gamma offset value

Address

Table pattern

Mode

Mode

Mode

PARTIAL-OFFSET Offset value

HPARTIAL Mode

EXTTRG

GRAYSCALE

Trigger selection

Mode

FLIP-FLOP

COLORBAR

WEN-STRB

Mode

Mode

Signal output selection

BRATE

INIT

SAVE

LOAD

RMEM

VERSION

HELP

Baud rate setting

Setting value selection

Filter factor

Binarization threshold value

Read beginning position

Read column number

Read area

Explanation

Trigger overlap mode setting

DTL mode setting

Edge enhancement filter factor setting

Image data width setting

Image data tap setting

Gamma mode setting

LUT value setting

LUT value setting

LUT value setting

Filter mode setting

Filter table setting

Filter table pattern setting

Binarization mode, Binarization threshold value setting

Binning mode setting

Partial scan setting

Partial scan offset setting

Horizontal partial scan setting

External trigger signal input selection

Grayscale output setting

Flip-flop output setting

Color bar output setting

DC IN connector signal output setting

Serial communication speed setting

Initialization of setting

Save setting

Read setting

Setting value acquisition

Version indication

Help indication

50

Command List

Parameter List

The following is the camera initial value parameter list.

Command

GAIN-STEP

GAIN-FINE

PEDESTAL

WBMODE

PIXEL-GAIN

RGAIN

GGAIN

BGAIN

BBALANCE

RCORR

GCORR

BCORR

DGAIN

DGAIN-STEP

DPEDESTAL

AUTO-DCLAMP

ADC-COEF

Parameter 1

0

0

[Unique value of camera]

*

0: 3200 K

ON

[Unique value of camera]

*

[Unique value of camera]

*

0

0

[Unique value of camera]

*

[Unique value of camera]

*

0

0 (OFF)

0

0 (OFF)

ON

208

Parameter 2

32

[Unique value of camera]

*

DCLAMP

SHUTTER

TRG-MODE

TRG-POL

TRG-OVLP

DTL-MODE

DTL-COEF

IMG-WIZE

IMG-TAP

GAMMA-MODE

FILTER-MODE

BINARIZE

0 (OFF)

0

0 (OFF)

1: Positive polarity

0 (OFF)

0 (OFF)

8

0: 12 bit

0: 80 MHz 1TAP

0 (OFF)

0 (OFF)

0 (OFF)

–32

1911

BINNING 0 (OFF)

PARTIAL 0 (OFF)

PARTIAL-OFFSET 38

HPARTIAL

EXTTRG

COLORBAR

GRAYSCALE

FLIP-FLOP

WEN-STRB

BRATE

OFF

0: DIGITAL IF connector

0 (OFF)

0 (OFF)

0 (OFF)

0: GND output

2: 38400 bps

0

2000

* PEDESTAL, RGAIN, GGAIN, BGAIN, BBALANCE, and AUTO-DCLAMP are initialized to the factory setting values by the setting initialization command INIT, but the factory setting values cannot be given because they are

0

Parameter 3

Color bar output setting

Grayscale output setting

Flip-flop output setting

DC IN connector signal output setting

Serial communication speed setting non-uniform camera-unique values and as such differ for each camera.

Explanation

Gain-step setting

Gain-fine setting

Pedestal level setting

White balance mode setting

Pixel gain setting

Manual R gain setting

Manual G gain setting

Manual B gain setting

Black clamp level setting

RGB red correction setting

RGB green correction setting

RGB blue correction setting

Digital gain mode setting

Digital gain-step setting

Digital pedestal setting

Automatic clamp control setting

Automatic clamp control correlation factor

Digital clamp level setting

Shutter speed setting

Trigger mode setting

External trigger polarity setting

Trigger overlap mode setting

DTL mode setting

Edge enhancement filter factor setting

Image data width setting

Image data tap setting

Gamma mode setting

Filter mode setting

Binarization mode, Binarization threshold value setting

Binning mode setting

Partial scan setting

Partial scan offset setting

Horizontal partial scan setting

External trigger signal input selection

Parameter List

51

Information

The following describes the changes between the XCL-

5000 and XCL-5005.

• Setting value acquisition data has been added as a result of adding new functionality to the XCL-5005.

The setting values listed below have been added, so take care during setting value acquisition.

Category name

SH

Content

Shutter

Data number

TR

DG

PT

IO

Trigger

Digital

Partial

IN/OUT

Data

<Shutter speed adjusting value>, <Shutter speed fineadjusting>

<Trigger overlap mode>

<Automatic clamp control correlation factor>

<Partial scan offset value>, <Horizontal partial scan mode>,

<horizontal partial scan column number>

<Image output data tap>, <Flip-flop output setting>

• Parameters that are not initialized on the XCL-5000 but are initialized on the XCL-5005.

This applies to the parameters listed below. Take care when initializing settings.

Command Parameter 1 Parameter 2 Parameter 3 Explanation

AUTO-DCLAMP 1 (ON) 8192 – Automatic clamp control setting

DTL-COEF

BINARIZE

8

0 (OFF)

1911

Edge enhancement filter factor setting

Binarization mode, Binarization threshold value setting

52

Information

Specifications

Specifications

Imaging system

Pickup device Progressive scan 2/3 type CCD

Effective picture elements (horizontal/vertical)

2456 × 2058

Optical blank 40 elements on each horizontal line

Cell size

Chip size

3.45 × 3.45 µm (horizontal/vertical)

9.93 × 8.70 mm (horizontal/vertical)

Optical system and others

Lens mount C-mount

Flange focal length

17.526 mm

Synchronization

Internal

Video output XCL-5005CR: RAW data/RGB data

Output tap switching

RAW data: LVDS 12 bits/10 bits/8 bits switching

RGB data: LVDS R/G/B 8 bits

XCL-5005: LVDS 12 bits/10 bits/8 bits switching

1TAP/2TAP switching (However, only

1TAP when RGB data output of

XCL-5005CR)

Reference video output level

3760 steps (12 bits) / 235 steps (8 bits)

Reference pedestal level

240 steps (12 bits) / 15 steps (8 bits)

Range of guarantee video output

240 to 3900 steps (12 bits) / 15 to

243 steps (8 bits)

Output signal frequency

15 Hz (normal mode)

Effective lines 2448 × 2050 (horizontal/vertical)

Horizontal resolution

Sensitivity

Equivalent to 1800 TV lines or more

XCL-5005CR

2000 lx, F5.6 (0 dB)

XCL-5005

400 lx, F5.6 (0 dB)

Minimum illumination

XCL-5005CR

8 lx (with the gain control at +18 dB,

F1.4)

XCL-5005

1 lx (with the gain control at +18 dB,

F1.4)

Gain 0 to +18 dB

Gamma correction

Read mode

Shutter

OFF/ON (Mode 1 to 7) normal/binning (XCL-5005 only)

External trigger shutter

Shutter speed External trigger shutter: 2 to 1/10000 s.

White balance (XCL-5005CR only)

PRESET/MANUAL/ONE PUSH

(AUTO)

Power +12 V DC (Range: +10.0 to 15 V: with

DC IN connector/ digital interface

Power consumption connector)

3.8 W

Operating temperature

–5 to +45 °C (23 to 113 °F)

Storage temperature

–30 to +60 °C (–22 to 140 °F)

Operating relative humidity

20 to 80% (no condensation)

Storage relative humidity

20 to 95% (no condensation)

Vibration resistance

10 G (20 Hz to 200 Hz)

Shock resistance

70 G

External dimension (w/h/d)

44 × 44 × 57.5 mm (1

3

3

/

8 inches)

/

4

× 1

3

/

4

× 2

Mass

MTBF

Accessories

Approx. 130 g (4.8 oz)

75,300 hours (Approx. 8.6 years)

Lens mount cap (1)

Operating Instructions (1)

Design and specifications are subject to change without notice.

IMPORTANT

The nameplate is located on the bottom.

Specifications

53

Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values)

XCL-5005CR

Camera Relative

Response

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

B

G

R

CCD Relative

Response

0.0

400

450 500 550

Wave Length [nm]

600 650

(Lens characteristics included, and light source characteristics excluded.)

1.0

G R

0.8

B

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.0

400

450 500 550

Wave Length [nm]

600

XCL-5005

Camera Relative

Response

1.0

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.0

400

500 600

700

800

Wave Length [nm]

900 1000

(Lens characteristics included, and light source characteristics excluded.)

650

700

700

54

Spectral Sensitivity Characteristics (Typical Values)

XCL-5005CR/5005

Dimensions

XCL-5005CR/5005

44 (1

3

/

4

)

4-M3

(

13

17

/

32

)

50 (2)

5Mega CCD

5Mega CCD

XCL-5005CR

*

4-M3

(

11

8

/

32

)

57.5 (2

3

/

8

)

DC IN

DC IN

DIGITAL IF

DIGITAL IF non-PoCL/PoCL non-PoCL/PoCL

* “XCL-5005” is written here for the XCL-5005 model.

(

13

17

/

32

)

50 (2)

Unit: mm (inches)

XCL-5005CR/5005 Dimensions

55

Sony reserves the right to change specifications of the products and discontinue products without notice.

Technical information contained herein is for reference only and does not convey any license by any implication or otherwise under any intellectual property right or other right of Sony or third parties.

Sony cannot assume responsibility for any right infringements arising out of the use of this information.

Sony Corporation

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