OKM - User Manual

OKM

Gepard - GPR

Ground Penetrating Radar

User's Manual

Any information contained in these operating instructions may be changed without prior notice.

OKM does not make any warranty for this document. This also applies without limitation to implied assurances of merchantability and fitness for a specific purpose. OKM does not assume any responsability for errors in this manual or for any incidental or consequential damage or loss associated with the delivery, exploitation or usage of this material.

This documentation is available "as presented" and without any kind of warranty. In no circumstances

OKM takes responsibility for lost profits, usage or data losts, interruption of business activities or all kind of other indirectly damages, which developed because of errors in this documentation. This instruction manual and all other stored media, which are delivered with this package should only be used for this product. Program copies are allowed only for security- and safety purposes. The resale of these programs, in original or changed form, is absolutely forbidden.

This manual may not be copied, duplicated or translated into another language, neither in part nor completely, over the copyright matters without the prior written consent of OKM.

Copyright ©2002 – 2013 OKM Ortungstechnik GmbH. All rights reserved.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 7

1.1 Preface ................................................................................................................................................ 8

1.2 Important Notes ................................................................................................................................... 9

1.2.1 General Notes .............................................................................................................................. 9

1.2.2 Possible Health Hazards ............................................................................................................. 9

1.2.3 Surrounding Area ......................................................................................................................... 9

1.2.4 Voltage ....................................................................................................................................... 10

1.2.5 Data safety ................................................................................................................................. 10

1.3 Maintenance and Services ................................................................................................................. 10

1.4 Danger of Explosion during Excavation ............................................................................................. 11

2 Install/Uninstall USB drivers on Windows .................................................................................................. 13

3 Technical Specifications ............................................................................................................................. 17

3.1 Control Unit ........................................................................................................................................ 18

3.2 Data Transmission ............................................................................................................................. 18

4 Scope of Delivery ....................................................................................................................................... 19

5 Assembly ................................................................................................................................................... 21

5.1 Assembly ........................................................................................................................................... 22

5.2 Headphones ...................................................................................................................................... 25

6 Control Elements ....................................................................................................................................... 27

6.1 Control Unit ........................................................................................................................................ 28

6.1.1 Front View .................................................................................................................................. 28

7 Operating Modes ....................................................................................................................................... 31

8 Field procedure .......................................................................................................................................... 33

8.1 GPR Antenna Setup .......................................................................................................................... 34

9 Software ..................................................................................................................................................... 35

9.1 Starting Software ............................................................................................................................... 35

9.2 Screen Layout .................................................................................................................................... 36

9.3 Menu .................................................................................................................................................. 36

9.3.1 New ........................................................................................................................................... 36

9.3.2 Open .......................................................................................................................................... 36

9.3.3 Save .......................................................................................................................................... 36

9.3.4 Save As ...................................................................................................................................... 36

9.3.5 Filter ........................................................................................................................................... 36

9.3.6 Notes ......................................................................................................................................... 37

9.3.7 Renew Activation ....................................................................................................................... 37

9.3.8 About ......................................................................................................................................... 37

9.4 Software Setting ................................................................................................................................ 37

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9.4.1 Depth/Sampling ......................................................................................................................... 37

9.4.2 Bluetooth .................................................................................................................................... 37

9.4.3 GPS ........................................................................................................................................... 37

9.4.4 Language ................................................................................................................................... 37

9.5 Soil Types .......................................................................................................................................... 38

9.6 Filters ................................................................................................................................................. 39

9.7 Sampling Colors/Contrast .................................................................................................................. 40

9.8 Notes ................................................................................................................................................. 41

9.9 GPS ................................................................................................................................................... 42

9.10 Software Activation .......................................................................................................................... 42

10 Appendix & References ........................................................................................................................... 45

10.1 Depth Table Calculations ................................................................................................................. 46

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Illustration Index

Illustration 2.1: Control Unit - side view ......................................................................................................... 14

Illustration 2.2: Shafts with the Transmitter and Receiver ............................................................................. 14

Illustration 2.3: Extendable Antennas ............................................................................................................ 14

Illustration 5.1: Main Unit with extended battery housings. ........................................................................... 22

Illustration 5.2: Line up the shafts ................................................................................................................. 22

Illustration 5.3: Push together the shafts and match the colors ..................................................................... 22

Illustration 5.4: Connect the BNC to control unit ........................................................................................... 22

Illustration 5.5: Attach extendable antenna to shaft ...................................................................................... 23

Illustration 5.6: Tighten antenna by turning clockwise ................................................................................... 23

Illustration 5.7: Attach the Monitor to the main unit. ...................................................................................... 23

Illustration 5.8: Fully assembled Gepard - GPR unit ..................................................................................... 24

Illustration 5.9: Wireless Headphones ........................................................................................................... 25

Illustration 6.1: Front view of control unit ....................................................................................................... 28

Illustration 6.2: Multi-Function button and LED indicators ............................................................................. 28

Illustration 6.3: Charging Port and LED Indicator .......................................................................................... 29

Illustration 7.1: Select New ........................................................................................................................... 32

Illustration 7.2: New file option screen .......................................................................................................... 32

Illustration 8.1: example of antenna extensions and depth capabilities. ........................................................ 34

Illustration 9.1: Android Home Screen ........................................................................................................... 35

Illustration 9.2: Home Screen of GPR Software ............................................................................................ 36

Illustration 9.3: Menu Screen ........................................................................................................................ 36

Illustration 9.4: List of available soil types ..................................................................................................... 38

Illustration 9.5: Unfiltered Image ................................................................................................................... 39

Illustration 9.6: Filter Menu ............................................................................................................................ 39

Illustration 9.7: Filtered Measurement ........................................................................................................... 40

Illustration 9.8: Color Options ........................................................................................................................ 40

Illustration 9.9: Notes keyboard .................................................................................................................... 41

Illustration 9.10: Notes window ..................................................................................................................... 41

Illustration 9.11: GPS Map and Coordinates ................................................................................................. 42

Illustration 9.12: First Renew Activation Screen ............................................................................................ 43

Illustration 9.13: Serial number activation screen ......................................................................................... 43

Illustration 9.14: License and Bluetooth number activation screen ............................................................... 44

Illustration 10.1: Dielectric reference for various soil attenuation .................................................................. 46

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1 Introduction

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Introduction

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1.1 Preface

Introduction

Dear Customer, all of the engineers, sales, training and support staff at OKM GmbH would like to thank you for your purchase of the Gepard - GPR.

The Gepard - GPR detector works on the principle of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR). The radar (

RA

dio

D

etection

A

nd

R

anging) sends a signal into the ground and awaits the reflection of the electrical signal or in common terms an “echo” of the signal to detect sub-surface anomalies. Besides the detection of metallic objects, this device is also capable of detecting natural features of the earth like formations of strata, cavities, voids, faults, and other non-metallic objects. This equipment is best suited at detecting sub-surface anomalies like, sepulchers, buried treasure, buried utilities, tanks and the like.

The Gepard - GPR is able to locate, document and analyze buried objects within various soil conditions, structures and vessels non-intrusively without having to excavate the area. Using the GPR is particularly useful in areas where detection is a must and excavation is not possible. The easy and flexible handling of the Gepard - GPR can easily and quickly give reproducible results.

With our team of specialists we guarantee that our products are under recurrent control. Our specialists are constantly striving to improve the equipment, performance and understanding of the equipment.

By purchasing or using one of our products, we cannot guarantee that during your research you will be successful and have a find. The recognition of hidden and buried objects depends on a huge number of factors. As you well may know there are different soil types all over the world with different levels of natural attenuation. Variable soil properties can and will hamper and alter ultimate scan measurements. Areas where there is an extreme amount of ground water, varying clays, sands and wet soils making scanning more difficult and may reduce the maximum depth capabilities of any and all detection equipment, regardless of make or model.

For more information regarding where this equipment has been used, operated and tested, please visit our website or contact a sales representative. Our equipment is under constant testing and improvement. With this being mentioned, it is possible for material in this handbook to change without notice.

It is necessary for our company to protect our developments and all the information learned during the

“Research and Development” phases in creating our technology. We strive to stay within the given framework of legislation, patents and trademark registration.

Please take the time to read this User Manual and familiarize yourself with the operation, functionality and how to utilize the Gepard - GPR. We also offer training for your equipment in our factory and on-site. We

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Introduction 9 strive to maintain a worldwide dealer network for assistance and support. Please visit our web site for more information.

1.2 Important Notes

Prior to using the Gepard - GPR and its accessories, please read these operating instructions carefully.

These instructions give information on how to use the detector and potential sources where precautions should be taken.

The Gepard - GPR and its accessories serve for the analysis, documentation and detection of sub-surface anomalies and ground disturbances. The recorded data of the ground structure will be transmitted to an electronic device like an Android PC to give a visual representation of the anomaly. Using our proprietary software program will assist in visualizing the object.

1.2.1 General Notes

Being an electronic device, the Gepard - GPR has to be treated with caution and treated with care as with all other electronic devices. Any failure to observe safety precautions or use of the equipment for purposes other than its intended design may result in damage or destruction of the processing unit and/or its accessories or connected components.

The device has a built in anti-tampering module which will destroy the unit if it is improperly opened. There are no end user serviceable parts on the inside of the unit.

1.2.2 Possible Health Hazards

If used properly this device normally does not pose any health hazards. According to current scientific knowledge, the high-frequency signals are not harmful to the human body on account of their very low power.

1.2.3 Surrounding Area

When moving this unit from a cold place to a warmer place, watch out for condensation. Do not immediately operate the unit until any possible condensation could have evaporated. The unit is not weather proof and water or condensation can destroy the unit.

Avoid strong magnetic fields, which may occur in places where there are large electric motors or unshielded loudspeakers. Try to avoid using this equipment within 50 meters (150 ft) of this type of equipment.

Metallic objects on the ground such as cans, tin, nails, screws or debris can influence your scan data and present negative results regarding your scan data. Also it is a good habit to remove any metallic objects off of your person like cellular telephones, keys, jewelry, etc... Do not wear steel toe boots.

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10 Introduction

1.2.4 Voltage

Please be aware that the unit is battery powered. Please use only approved batteries and power supplies for this unit.

Never connect or use a 115/230 Volt main AC power supply!

1.2.5 Data safety

Data errors can occur if:

• the range of the sender module has been exceeded,

• the power supply of the device or the batteries are too low,

• the antenna is not extended far enough or extended too far,

• the unit is operating to close to devices which sends out or causes disturbances

• atmospheric conditions (electrical storms, lightning, etc...)

1.3 Maintenance and Services

In this section you will learn how to maintain your measuring instrument with all included accessories to keep it in good condition for a long time and to get receive measuring results.

The following list indicates what you absolutely should avoid:

• penetrating water

• strong dirt, sand and dust deposits

• hard impacts or drops

• strong magnetic fields

• operating within metal enclosures

• continued exposure to high heat

To clean your device please use a dry soft rag or cloth. To avoid any damage you should transport the device and accessories always in the appropriate carrying case(s).

Prior to using your Gepard - GPR please be sure that all batteries and accumulators are fully charged.

To charge the external and internal batteries, use only the approved chargers which are part of our scope of delivery.

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Introduction 11

1.4 Danger of Explosion during Excavation

Unfortunately, the last two world wars and other conflicts have also made the ground in many places of the world a potentially explosive scrap heap. A host of those lethal relics are still buried in the ground. Do not start digging and hacking for an object wildly when you receive a signal of a piece of metal from your device.

Firstly, you might indeed cause irreparable damage to a truly rare find, and secondly, there is a chance that the object reacts in an insulted way and strikes back.

Note the color of the ground close to the surface. A red or reddish color of the ground is an indicator of rust traces. As regards the finds themselves, you should definitely pay attention to their shape. Curved or round objects should be a sign of alarm, especially if buttons, rings or little pegs can be identified or felt. The same applies to recognizable ammunition or bullets and shells. Leave that stuff where it is, do not touch anything and, most importantly, do not take any of it home with you. The killing machines of past wars have made use of diabolical inventions such as rocker fuses, acid fuses and ball fuses. Those components have been rusting away in the course of time, and the slightest movement may cause parts of them to break and be triggered. Even seemingly harmless objects such as cartridges or larger munitions are anything but that.

Explosives may have become crystalline over time, that is, sugar-like crystals have formed.

Moving such an object may cause those crystals to produce friction, leading to an explosion. If you come across such relics, mark the place and do not fail to report the find to the police. Such objects always pose a danger to the life of hikers, walkers, farmers, children and animals.

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12 Introduction

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2 Install/Uninstall USB drivers on Windows

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Equipment Introduction

In this chapter we will show all the various parts of the Gepard - GPR. Please verify the contents to ensure that the package is complete.

14 Install/Uninstall USB drivers on Windows

The Gepard - GPR from the original conception has the design of ease and simplicity allowing for the use and operation of the unit without needing an extensive amount of training or schooling.

The unit comprises mainly of three different parts.

Illustration 2.1: Control Unit - side view

Illustration 2.3: Extendable Antennas

Illustration 2.2: Shafts with the

Transmitter and Receiver

When all parts are assembled the unit is complete.

For the use and operation of the Gepard - GPR, there are several factors to take into consideration. Many are very simple some are more complicated.

The operation of the unit is simple and using the following rules will give good consistent data.

1. During a measurement it is important to keep the transmitting antenna and the receiving antenna at the same height above the ground.

2. Do not change the height during a measurement.

3. Do not swing the GPR from the left to the right. Keep the unit steady and in the direction that you would like to scan.

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Install/Uninstall USB drivers on Windows

4. Move the GPR at a consistent speed, even though it can scan using the GPS coordinates, moving the unit at the same speed helps in locating your target easier.

5. If a suspected target is detected, repeat the scan. With any detection device, repeating the detectable object will increase your accuracy.

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The ground, this is going to be your biggest challenge. Though the unit can detect items to depths of 35 meters, please consider the fact that with so many varying soil types and combinations, there are some locations where maximum depths will be considerably less.

In the Android tablet PC, the software has been simplified requiring only a couple of steps prior to beginning a measurement. In the software section, we will explain in detail as to how to begin a measurement.

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16 Install/Uninstall USB drivers on Windows

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3 Technical Specifications

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Technical Specifications

18 Technical Specifications

The following technical indications are medial values. During operation small variations are quite possible.

3.1 Control Unit

Dimensions (H x W x D) ..................................................................................................... 350 x 182 x 60 mm

Weight (without batteries)............................................................................................................. about 1700 g

Voltage ........................................................................................................................... 9.6 – 13.2 VDC, 18 W

Operating Time (alkaline batteries, 25 °C) .................................................................................. about 6 hours

Operating Time (accumulator batteries, 25 °C) ........................................................................... about 3 hours

Operating Time (OKM Power Pack 25 °C) ................................................................................ about 10 hours

Operating Temperature ........................................................................................................... -20 °C to +55 °C

Storage temperature ............................................................................................................... -25 °C to +60 °C

Air humidity ..................................................................................................................................... 5 % – 70 %

Battery Charger Module ........................................................................................................................ Internal

External Power Supply ................................................................................................................ Yes (optional)

Waterproof .................................................................................................................................................... No

Multiple Transmission Frequency Range .......................................................................... 60 MHz to 300 MHz

Control Display .......................................................................................................................................... LED

Multi-Function Control ................................................................................................................................. Yes

Timing/Sampling Adjustments Send/Receive .................................................................................... 16 Levels

Complete Cycle Measurements ................................................................................................... 9 per second

3.2 Data Transmission

Technology ........................................................................................................................................ Bluetooth

Transmission Frequency ....................................................................................

ISM band from 2400–2480 MHz

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4 Scope of Delivery

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Scope of Delivery

In the following section is a detailed list of all standard equipment shipped with the Gepard - GPR. In some instances the contents may vary depending on custom configurations from the customer.

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Control Unit

Description

Battery Housing (4 x AA (LR6) Battery)

Extendable Antenna

+ Spare Antenna

Shaft with Transmitter

(Red bands on BNC connector)

Shaft with Receiver

(Black bands on BNC connector)

Charger and travel adapter

Android Tablet

Quantity

1

2

4

2

2

1

1

Image

Scope of Delivery

Android Tablet Holder 1

User Manual

Water and Shock Resistant Peli Case

1

1

Table 1: Gepard Packing List

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Assembly

5 Assembly

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Assembly

This section explains how to assemble the Gepard - GPR and to prepare the unit for operation.

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22 Assembly

5.1 Assembly

Preparing the Gepard - GPR for use is very simple. After inspecting all of the components and ensuring that all parts are present, assembly can begin.

Illustration 5.1: Main Unit with extended battery housings.

Remove the battery housings from the main unit and insert 8 “AA” size (LR6) (NiMH or Lithium) rechargeable or alkaline batteries. Inside of the housings, the battery orientation is shown.

Insert the battery housings back into the main unit and push in until they lock into place.

Illustration 5.2: Line up the shafts

Match the shaft color to the plug. Red to red and black to black.

Connect the BNC connectors to the control unit. Line up the tabs and turn clockwise to tighten and counter-clockwise to loosen.

Illustration 5.3: Push together the shafts and match the colors

Illustration 5.4: Connect the BNC to control unit

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Assembly

Connect the extendable antenna to the lower portion of the transmitting and receiving shafts

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Illustration 5.5: Attach extendable antenna to shaft

Illustration 5.6: Tighten antenna by turning clockwise

Turning the antenna clockwise will tighten it onto the bottom of the shafts. The extendable antennas can be interchanged with either of the shafts.

Prior to storing the unit back in the carrying case, unscrew the extendable antennas. This will help to prevent any damage to the antennas.

Insert the Android tablet PC into the holder and attach the holder to the main unit.

Illustration 5.7: Attach the Monitor to the main unit.

The holder slides on top of the bracket. To remove, simply lift off.

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24 Assembly

Illustration 5.8: Fully assembled Gepard - GPR unit

When using disposable batteries, do not use Zinc Carbon (Zink-Braunstein) batteries to power the Gepard – GPR

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Assembly

5.2 Headphones

Figure shows the controls for the delivered wireless headphones.

25

On/Off Tune

Volume

Illustration 5.9: Wireless Headphones

To use the delivered wireless headphones, you should insert two charged micro type AAA batteries inside the battery case. To do so, remove the battery cover on the left site "L" and insert the batteries into the battery case. Make sure that the polarity is not reversed. Place the battery cover back on the headphones and listen for a click. This will ensure that the cover is locked into place.

Power on the wireless headphones with the power on/off button (ON/OFF) and find the correct channel with the frequency regulator (TUNE). The device Gepard - GPR should be powered on and release an acoustic signal during this adjustment.

Via the volume control (VOLUME) you can regulate the volume of the headphones.

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26 Assembly

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6 Control Elements

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Control Elements

In this section you will learn more about the fundamental use of all control elements for the Gepard - GPR measuring instrument. All connections, inputs and outputs are explained in detail.

28 Control Elements

6.1 Control Unit

The control unit is the processing center of the Gepard - GPR. Via the control unit, various functions from the

Android tablet can be selected. Afterward the data can be transferred from the main unit to the Android tablet.

6.1.1 Front View

Multi-Function Button

Receiving

Antenna

Depth/Timing Selector

Transmitting Antenna

Illustration 6.1: Front view of control unit

The main unit controls are very simple. Primarily there are two controls on the main unit. The Multi-Function

Button and the Depth/Timing Selector.

The Multi-Function button is the main control for turning on the unit, starting, stopping, manually controlling measurements and turning off the unit.

Multi-Function Button

Stop Indicator

Actively Sampling

Bluetooth Connection

Illustration 6.2: Multi-Function button and LED indicators

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Control Elements 29

To turn on the Gepard - GPR, simply press the Multi-Function button one time. The unit will turn on and as a test all three of the LEDs will illuminate for approximately 3 seconds, then will turn off for internal testing for the next 5 seconds. After approximately 8 seconds, the Red (No measurement or Stop indicator and the

Green (Actively taking a measurement) indicator will illuminate. During the startup period or until the Red and Green LEDs are illuminated, do not press the Multi-Function button.

The Gepard - GPR can be operated from either internal or external batteries. The optional OKM Power Pack can also power the unit. This external power pack, when connected, can operate the unit and charge internal rechargeable batteries.

Battery Charging Port

Battery Charging LED Indicator

Illustration 6.3: Charging Port and LED Indicator

In Illustration 6.3: Charging Port and LED Indicator is shown where to connect the battery charger connector

or the external power supply. When there are internal rechargeable batteries the Charging Indicator will illuminate. In the event that the internal batteries are not rechargeable, the unit will recognize this and not put a charge to the batteries.

To turn off the Gepard - GPR, press and hold the Multi-Function button for 3 seconds. As you are holding the

Multi-Function button, the red LED will remain illuminated until it is released.

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30 Control Elements

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7 Operating Modes

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Operating Modes

In this section you will learn more about the different operating modes of the Gepard - GPR. Every function is explained in its proper subsection.

32 Operating Modes

Selecting the correct operating mode depends primarily on the desired output. Depending on the terrain and/or obstacles the mode will either be Automatic or Manual.

The Gepard - GPR has the following operating modes:

Automatic

Actively samples an area with an automatic timing of 9 complete transmission cycles per second.

Manual

Samples are taken via the manual method. Once selected the GPR will only sample the measuring area when the Multi-Function button is depressed and released.

For most instances when an area is clear of obstacles like plant growth, trees and shrubs and there is a clear path to conduct the measurement, the Automatic mode will be used. When using this mode in an open area, the GPS mode can be activated. With this mode activated a path will be stored in the scans memory allowing you to recall where you were during that scan.

When there is plant growth, shrubs, trees, big rocks or other obstacles, the Manual mode can be used. Using the manual mode allows you to go over an area, perform the sampling then move the GPR to the next area.

Once selected the GPR will only sample an area when the Multi-Function is depressed. This mode is configured within the software, located on the Android tablet.

Click on the Menu tab and then select “New”

A new window will appear asking you if your would like to conduct the measurement using the Automatic Mode or the Manual Mode.

Illustration 7.2: New file option screen

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Illustration 7.1: Select New

8 Field procedure

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Field procedure

This chapter gives practical instructions about the general procedure of scanning an area. The different scanning methods and procedures will be explained in detail.

34 Field procedure

8.1 GPR Antenna Setup

Take the fully assembled unit and extend the antennas. The extension of the antennas will dictate the frequency as well as the ultimate depth. For smaller items that are very near the surface the antennas can be shortened which will be able to see nearer to the surface. To see larger items that are deeper, lengthen the antennas.

Illustration 8.1: example of antenna extensions and depth capabilities.

Conducting measurements is quite simple. Knowing your starting position and stopping position of every scan and keeping the scan lines straight will help to localize sub-surface targets. Enabling the GPS will aid in the localization and assist in retracing the path taken.

The GPS does not transmit data, it only receives data and is available in most parts of the planet.

The Gepard - GPR does not use a shielded transmission system and transmits in an omni directional pattern. Be aware when in enclosed spaces that the data being measured may be above as well as below.

Keeping notes of the measured area are very important. Notes can be written directly within the file and saved.

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9 Software

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Software

The Gepard - GPR software is fully explained. How to work the various features and conduct the data analysis.

9.1 Starting Software

To start the software, from the main screen, tap your finger on the icon

Illustration 9.1: Android Home Screen

36

9.2 Screen Layout

Soil Type

Sampling color/contrast selection

View GPS

Apply Filter

Software

Depth Scale

Menu

GPS Coordinate

Illustration 9.2: Home Screen of GPR Software

The screen of the software is very simple and easy to operate. Select a function and tap on it with your finger.

9.3 Menu

To enter into the Menu, tap on the upper right hand corner.

Tap to enter

9.3.1 New

This prepares the software to receive data from a new scan

9.3.2 Open

This opens an existing scan from memory

9.3.3 Save

This saves the current scan.

9.3.4 Save As

This saves the open scan under a different name

9.3.5 Filter

This applies a filter to assist in the data analysis

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Illustration 9.3: Menu Screen

Software 37

9.3.6 Notes

This is the area where you can enter notes about a scan. Notes would include where you were, the length of scan and other pertinent information.

9.3.7 Renew Activation

When the Android tablet is changed and a new installation has occurred, this function will allow the software to be activated.

9.3.8 About

Here is the software version number, serial number and licensing information.

9.4 Software Setting

Many of the software settings are tied directly into the Android tablet PC.

9.4.1 Depth/Sampling

To change the Depth/Sampling timing, on the control unit, change the desired level from 1 to 16. Items near the surface will use a value of between 1 and 5 and larger deeper items will use values between 10 and 16.

9.4.2 Bluetooth

Bluetooth is the primary communication between the Gepard - GPR and the Android tablet PC. If the

Bluetooth is turned off, communication with the GPR is not possible. To activate the Bluetooth, enter into the

Android: Settings > Bluetooth and tap to activate.

9.4.3 GPS

To use the built in GPS on many Android tablet PC's the GPS must be activated. To activate the GPS, enter into the Android: Setting > Location services > (activate the following) Google's location service, GPS

Satellites and Location & Google search.

9.4.4 Language

To change the software language, it is directly tied into the Android unit. Enter into the Settings > Language &

Input > Language.

There are many languages available, in the event that the software is not yet translated into the chosen language, it will default to English.

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38 Software

Available languages: English, German, French, Dutch, Turkish, Russian, Arabic, Farsi, Spanish, Italian,

Greek, Chinese and Japanese.

9.5 Soil Types

Selecting the correct soil type will make the depth measurements of the Gepard - GPR very close to actual.

Due to the fact that there are literally millions of various combinations of soils, getting the exact one will not always be possible.

Illustration 9.4: List of available soil types

Various soil types will have different attenuation factors. Soil magnetic permeability (detailed table located on

page 46) is the ability for electrical signals to travel through different media. As a geological note, allows the

radar wave to travel through the earth and return with an echo.

One of the best ways to determine the proper soil type in an area is to conduct a measurement over a known buried object at a known depth. Conduct the scan and then compare the soil type to the depth of the object.

This is a quick and easy method to determine the best soil for the area.

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39 Software

9.6 Filters

Using filters to better analyze the data is possible and recommended. The software can filter out approximately 70% of the background to better recognize a target.

Filter Button

Illustration 9.5: Unfiltered Image

Tap on the Filter button to bring up the filter menu.

Illustration 9.6: Filter Menu

Tap on “Filtered” then tap on “OK”. The filter will be applied. A status bar will keep you informed of the filtration progress.

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Software 40

With finger, move scan from left to right to see different parts of measurement.

Illustration 9.7: Filtered Measurement

The analog signal line is the left furthest point of scan.

The acquired analog signal wave is a reading from the far left edge of the scan.

9.7 Sampling Colors/Contrast

By tapping on the color bar in the upper left hand corner of the screen will bring a drop down selection of colors. To change colors and contrast differences, simply choose a color and tap on it. The scan will redraw and the new colors will replace the old ones.

This method of filtration will not remove any of the background noise.

When using a filter, like that in Illustration 9.7: Filtered Measurement, you

can remove parts of the background to better see your object.

Illustration 9.8: Color Options

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41 Software

9.8 Notes

When files are saved, pertinent information that belongs to any particular file should be entered into the scan itself.

Information that should be included is position, terrain, weather, obstacles and other important features that will help the user locate the scan area.

Type in your notes here on the keyboard.

When completed, click on this keyboard icon to minimize keyboard.

Illustration 9.9: Notes keyboard

Type in your notes then minimize the keyboard which is displayed to complete the notes process.

Illustration 9.10: Notes window

Click OK to finish

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Software 42

9.9 GPS

Using the GPS has been simplified. Once the Android tablet PC has the GPS activated, it is automatically recorded during a measurement.

To view the GPS coordinates, they are on the bottom right hand corner of the screen. When you have a connection to the Internet, you can receive a map from Google Maps and see the path you have scanned.

Google Maps

GPS Easting and

Northing coordinates

Illustration 9.11: GPS Map and Coordinates

Once you have actvated the GPS, it is recommended to allow the Android several minutes to acquire a GPS signal.

9.10

Software Activation

When you receive the Gepard - GPR with the Android Tablet PC it is already activated. In the event that you replace the Android, the following instructions explain how to activate the software.

In the very front of the user manual there is a small notice (leaflet). This notice has the software code for renewing the activation of the software. The leaflet is attached to the inside of the user manual, please make a copy of it and keep it in a safe place.

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43 Software

To obtain a new copy of the software, connect your Android to the Internet and go to Google Play. Conduct a search for OKM Gepard GPR and you can purchase an additional copy for a new Android.

Start the software and click on the "Menu" tab.

Click on the "Renew Activation" tab and the following screen will appear.

Illustration 9.12: First Renew Activation Screen

After pressing the continue button, enter in the unit serial number.

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Illustration 9.13: Serial number activation screen

Software

You will then be asked to enter in the Software Activation code.

44

Illustration 9.14: License and Bluetooth number activation screen

Once that is completed you will receive a window stating “Success” and your software is now ready to use.

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10Appendix & References

C

HAPTER

10

Appendix & References

In this chapter you will find appendices to tables and references used.

46

10.1

Depth Table Calculations

Appendix & References

Illustration 10.1: Dielectric reference for various soil attenuation

open office multiple images single caption

With varying soil attenuation, the Gepard - GPR was calculated with a median frequency value of 100 MHz.

1

Google is a registered trademark of Google Inc. („Google“), 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA

94043, USA

Reference material used from DJ Daniels, Institution of Electrical Engineers, Ground Penetrating Radar, 2 nd

Edition, 1996

1 DJ Daniels, Ground Penetrating Radar, 2004

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