Macintosh Version 3.0 User Manual

Macintosh Version 3.0 User Manual
Macintosh Version 3.0
User Manual
This manual was written for use with the Eudora Pro™ software version 3.0.
This manual and the Eudora Pro software described in it are copyrighted, with all rights reserved. This manual
and the Eudora Pro software may not be copied, except as otherwise provided in your software license or as
expressly permitted in writing by QUALCOMM Incorporated.
Copyright © 1988-1992 by the University of Illinois
Board of Trustees. Copyright © 1992-1996 by
QUALCOMM Incorporated. Portions of the Eudora
Pro Software were written by Scott Gruby and Pete
Resnick. All rights reserved.
LocalTalk™, MacTCP™ and Communications
Toolbox™ are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
Portions of the Eudora Pro Software were written by
John Norstad, Copyright © 1988 - 1990 Northwestern
University, and David Johnson, Copyright © 1984
Brown University. All rights reserved.
Eudora® is a registered trademark of the University of
Illinois Board of Trustees, licensed to QUALCOMM
Incorporated.
The MacTCP™ and Communications Toolbox™
software are copyrighted by Apple Computer, Inc. All
rights reserved.
Spellswell ™ is a trademark of Working Software,
Inc.
StuffIt™ is a trademark of Aladdin Systems, Inc.
MacSLIP™ is a trademark of Hyde Park Software,
Inc.
QUALCOMM® is a registered trademark and
registered service mark of QUALCOMM
Incorporated.
Eudora Pro™ and QUEST™ are trademarks of
QUALCOMM Incorporated.
All other trademarks and service marks are the
property of their respective owners.
AppleTalk® and Macintosh® are registered
trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
Use of the Eudora Pro software and other software and fonts accompanying your license (the "Software") and
its documentation is at your sole risk. The Software and its documentation (including this manual), and
QUALCOMM’s software maintenance and extended maintenance, if applicable, are provided "AS IS" and
without warranty of any kind and QUALCOMM and QUALCOMM’s Licensor(s), including but not limited to
the University of Illinois and Apple Computer, Inc. (collectively herein referred to as "QUALCOMM"),
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND AGAINST INFRINGEMENT. QUALCOMM DOES NOT WARRANT
THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED IN THE SOFTWARE WILL MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS, OR
THAT THE OPERATION OF THE SOFTWARE WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, OR
THAT DEFECTS IN THE SOFTWARE WILL BE CORRECTED. FURTHERMORE, QUALCOMM DOES
NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING THE USE OR THE RESULTS OF
THE USE OF THE SOFTWARE OR ITS DOCUMENTATION IN TERMS OF THEIR CORRECTNESS,
ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE. NO ORAL OR WRITTEN INFORMATION OR ADVICE
GIVEN BY QUALCOMM OR A QUALCOMM AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE SHALL CREATE A
WARRANTY OR IN ANY WAY INCREASE THE SCOPE OF THIS WARRANTY. SOME
JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES, SO THE ABOVE
EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE, SHALL QUALCOMM AND ITS
DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES OR AGENTS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF
BUSINESS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF BUSINESS INFORMATION AND THE LIKE)
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE OR ITS DOCUMENTATION,
EVEN IF QUALCOMM OR A QUALCOMM AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE HAS BEEN ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE
LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY.
In no event shall QUALCOMM’s total liability to you for all damages, losses, and causes of action (whether in
contract, tort [including negligence] or otherwise) exceed the amount paid for the Software and its
documentation.
Acknowledgments
Portions of the Eudora Pro software were written by Scott Gruby. The Eudora Pro text editor was written by
Pete Resnick. This manual was written by Carolyn Gedney and revised by Justine Correa and Ron Durbin.
Thanks to Tim Maroney for the folder-choosing code, John Norstad for the window placement code, John
Bruner for the Mishawaka font, Ray Davison for the Include Self code, David Johnson for the binhex code, and
Cal Simone of Mainstay for help in redesigning Eudora’s AppleScript Dictionary.
Finally, thanks to all the users and testers of Eudora Pro, whose suggestions have made it a much better program
than it would otherwise have been.
About the Name
Why the name “Eudora”?
When looking for a name for this new Post Office Protocol mail program,
we thought immediately of the title of the short story “Why I Live at the P.O.,”
and named the program after the author of the story, Eudora Welty.
“Why I Live at the P.O.” can be found in a collection titled A Curtain of
Green (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich). Ms. Welty’s stories are funny, sad, and
fascinating; she’s surely one of the great American writers.
June 1996
80-8101-2 -
Contents
Getting Started ....................................................................................................... 13
System Requirements........................................................................................................ 13
Installing Eudora ............................................................................................................... 13
Installing Connection Tools ........................................................................................ 17
Opening and Configuring Eudora ..................................................................................... 17
Registering Your Copy of Eudora .................................................................................... 18
Quitting Eudora ................................................................................................................. 19
Getting Help ............................................................................................................ 21
Online Help ....................................................................................................................... 21
Technical Support ............................................................................................................. 22
Tutorial .................................................................................................................... 23
Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 23
Creating an Outgoing Message ......................................................................................... 23
Saving the Message........................................................................................................... 24
Sending the Message......................................................................................................... 24
Checking for and Receiving the Message ......................................................................... 24
The “Current Message”..................................................................................................... 26
Replying to the Message ................................................................................................... 27
Transferring the Message Between Mailboxes ................................................................. 27
Deleting the Message ........................................................................................................ 28
Sending Messages ................................................................................................. 29
Creating an Outgoing Message ......................................................................................... 29
Using the Composition Window ....................................................................................... 29
Title Bar ...................................................................................................................... 29
Icon Bar ....................................................................................................................... 30
Message Header .......................................................................................................... 31
Message Body ............................................................................................................. 32
Saving a Message for Later Changes ................................................................................ 32
Using Stationery Files ....................................................................................................... 33
Using Signatures ............................................................................................................... 34
Setting the Message Priority ............................................................................................. 35
Requesting a Return Receipt ............................................................................................. 36
Formatting Text................................................................................................................. 37
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Text Editing Menu Commands ................................................................................... 37
Other Formatting options ............................................................................................ 38
Attaching a File to a Message ........................................................................................... 39
Sending Attachments to Non-Eudora Users ............................................................... 40
Inserting a File into a Message ......................................................................................... 41
Including a URL in a Message.......................................................................................... 41
Checking Your Spelling .................................................................................................... 41
The Check Spelling Dialog ......................................................................................... 43
Spell Checking Options .............................................................................................. 45
Spell Checking and Curly Apostrophes ...................................................................... 46
Sending or Queueing a Message ....................................................................................... 47
Sending a Message Immediately................................................................................. 47
Queueing a Message to Send Later ............................................................................. 47
Queueing a Message to Send at a Certain Time ......................................................... 48
Editing a Queued Message.......................................................................................... 49
Taking a Message Out of the Queue ........................................................................... 49
Sending Queued Messages When Checking Mail ...................................................... 49
Sending Messages with Special Server Instructions ......................................................... 49
Replying to a Message ...................................................................................................... 49
Using the Reply Functions .......................................................................................... 50
Replying with a Stationery File .................................................................................. 51
Forwarding a Message ...................................................................................................... 51
Redirecting a Message ...................................................................................................... 51
Turbo Redirecting ....................................................................................................... 52
Redirect and Signatures .............................................................................................. 52
Keeping Copies of Outgoing Messages ............................................................................ 53
Sending Rejected Messages Again ................................................................................... 53
Receiving Messages ............................................................................................... 55
Checking For Incoming Mail ............................................................................................ 55
Checking for Mail Automatically ............................................................................... 55
Checking for Mail Manually ....................................................................................... 56
Stopping a Mail Check................................................................................................ 56
Using Your Password........................................................................................................ 56
Changing Your Password............................................................................................ 57
Receiving New Mail ......................................................................................................... 58
The Incoming Message Window ...................................................................................... 58
Title Bar ...................................................................................................................... 59
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Icon Bar ....................................................................................................................... 59
Message Body ............................................................................................................. 60
Receiving Attachments ..................................................................................................... 60
Specifying an Attachment Folder ............................................................................... 61
Editing Incoming Messages .............................................................................................. 62
Using Active URLs ........................................................................................................... 63
Managing Your Mail on the POP Server .......................................................................... 63
Leaving Mail on the Server......................................................................................... 63
Deleting a Message from the Server ........................................................................... 64
Skipping Messages Over a Certain Size ..................................................................... 64
Checking for Mail with Special Server Instructions ................................................... 64
Working with Mailboxes ........................................................................................ 67
Opening a Mailbox............................................................................................................ 67
Opening Other Mailboxes ........................................................................................... 67
The Anatomy of a Mailbox ............................................................................................... 68
Message Summaries.................................................................................................... 68
Displaying and Resizing Columns .............................................................................. 71
Using the Mailbox Size Display ................................................................................. 72
Creating Mailboxes and Folders ....................................................................................... 72
Creating a Mailbox or Folder Using the Mailbox Menu ............................................ 73
Creating a Mailbox Within a Folder ........................................................................... 73
Using the Mailboxes Window........................................................................................... 74
Creating a New Mailbox or Folder in the Mailboxes Window................................... 76
Renaming a Mailbox or Folder ................................................................................... 76
Moving a Mailbox (or Folder) from one Folder to Another ....................................... 77
Organizing Your Messages ................................................................................... 79
Deleting a Message ........................................................................................................... 79
Automatically Deleting Attachments .......................................................................... 79
Transferring Messages ...................................................................................................... 80
Using the Transfer menu ............................................................................................. 80
Dragging Messages ..................................................................................................... 80
Creating a Mailbox or Folder During Transfer ........................................................... 81
Filtering Messages ............................................................................................................ 82
Filter Criteria (the Match Area) .................................................................................. 83
Filter Actions............................................................................................................... 85
Finding Text Within Messages ......................................................................................... 88
Finding Text in the Current Open Message ................................................................ 89
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Searching for Text in Messages, Mailboxes, and Folders .......................................... 89
Saving a Message to a File................................................................................................ 91
Choosing an Application for Saved Messages............................................................ 92
Using the Address Book and Quick Recipient List ............................................. 93
Using the Address Book ................................................................................................... 93
Creating New Entries .................................................................................................. 95
Changing and Removing Entries ................................................................................ 96
Including Nicknames on the Quick Recipient List ..................................................... 96
Addressing a Message from the Address Book .......................................................... 97
The “Make Address Book Entry” Command ............................................................. 97
The “Finish Address Book Entry” Command............................................................. 99
Using Nicknames that were Not Created by Eudora .................................................. 99
Saving Your Entries to a File ...................................................................................... 99
Using the Quick Recipient List ....................................................................................... 100
Using Directory Services......................................................................................101
Opening Directory Services ............................................................................................ 101
Using Ph .......................................................................................................................... 101
Finding Ph Servers .......................................................................................................... 102
Using Finger.................................................................................................................... 102
Addressing a Message from the Directory Services Window ........................................ 103
Reference............................................................................................................... 105
The Toolbar ..................................................................................................................... 105
Extended Messaging Services......................................................................................... 106
Word Services ................................................................................................................. 106
Printing ............................................................................................................................ 107
Putting Multiple Users on One Macintosh...................................................................... 107
Troubleshooting .............................................................................................................. 108
The Settings Dialog......................................................................................................... 112
Getting Started .......................................................................................................... 112
Personal Information ................................................................................................. 113
Hosts.......................................................................................................................... 114
Checking Mail ........................................................................................................... 116
Sending Mail ............................................................................................................. 118
Attachments .............................................................................................................. 120
Fonts & Display ........................................................................................................ 121
Date Display.............................................................................................................. 123
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Toolbar ...................................................................................................................... 124
Eudora Labels ........................................................................................................... 124
Getting Attention....................................................................................................... 125
Extra Warnings ......................................................................................................... 127
Replying .................................................................................................................... 128
MacSLIP Cooperation............................................................................................... 129
Moving Around ......................................................................................................... 130
Miscellaneous............................................................................................................ 131
Settings Icons ............................................................................................................ 133
Mailbox Columns...................................................................................................... 134
Styled Text ................................................................................................................ 135
Menu Commands ............................................................................................................ 136
File ............................................................................................................................ 136
Edit ............................................................................................................................ 138
Mailbox ..................................................................................................................... 139
Message..................................................................................................................... 140
Transfer ..................................................................................................................... 142
Special ....................................................................................................................... 143
Window ..................................................................................................................... 144
The Eudora Folder .......................................................................................................... 144
Eudora Filters ............................................................................................................ 144
Eudora Log................................................................................................................ 144
Eudora Nicknames and Nicknames Folder ............................................................... 144
Eudora Settings ......................................................................................................... 144
Signatures Folder ...................................................................................................... 145
Spool Folder .............................................................................................................. 145
Stationery Folder ....................................................................................................... 145
In ............................................................................................................................... 145
Mailbox Aliases ........................................................................................................ 145
The Eudora Pro Application Folder ................................................................................ 145
Extras ........................................................................................................................ 146
Documentation .......................................................................................................... 147
Spellswell .................................................................................................................. 147
Appendix A – Sources ......................................................................................... 149
Anonymous ftp (ftp.qualcomm.com) .............................................................................. 149
Eudora Information ......................................................................................................... 149
Obtaining a POP Server .................................................................................................. 149
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Ph Server Source Code ................................................................................................... 149
Password Change Server................................................................................................. 149
Network Products Installer.............................................................................................. 150
MacTCP .......................................................................................................................... 150
Kerberos .......................................................................................................................... 150
Appendix B – Modifiers and Shortcuts ............................................................... 151
Modifiers ......................................................................................................................... 151
Shortcuts.......................................................................................................................... 152
Appendix C – Mail Transport ...............................................................................155
Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 155
Outgoing Mail ................................................................................................................. 156
Incoming Mail ................................................................................................................. 156
More Information ............................................................................................................ 156
Appendix D – Dialup Eudora ................................................................................159
Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 159
Macintosh Requirements................................................................................................. 159
Dialup Requirements....................................................................................................... 159
Navigation ....................................................................................................................... 159
Special Sequences in Navigation Resources............................................................. 160
Replacements ............................................................................................................ 161
Modifiers ................................................................................................................... 162
Connecting to Servers ..................................................................................................... 163
A Return By Any Other Name.................................................................................. 163
An Example: Direct Connection To A Unix Machine.................................................... 163
Need More Options? ....................................................................................................... 164
Appendix E – Character Sets ...............................................................................165
Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 165
Terminology .................................................................................................................... 165
The “US-ASCII” Character Set ...................................................................................... 166
The Macintosh Character Set .......................................................................................... 167
The ISO Latin-1 Character Set........................................................................................ 168
Quoted-Printable Encoding ............................................................................................. 169
Disabling Quoted-Printable Encoding ...................................................................... 170
Transliteration Tables ..................................................................................................... 171
More Tables .............................................................................................................. 171
Default Tables ........................................................................................................... 174
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No Table At All......................................................................................................... 174
Summaries................................................................................................................. 174
Ph and Finger ............................................................................................................ 174
Attachments .............................................................................................................. 175
Creating New Tables................................................................................................. 175
Appendix F – Using UUCP................................................................................... 179
Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 179
Settings Dialog for UUCP............................................................................................... 179
POP Account ............................................................................................................. 180
MacTCP/Communications Toolbox ......................................................................... 180
SMTP Server ............................................................................................................. 180
Return Address.......................................................................................................... 180
Operation......................................................................................................................... 181
Internals........................................................................................................................... 181
Mail Drop Format ..................................................................................................... 181
Working Files............................................................................................................ 181
Appendix G – MIME and Mapping....................................................................... 183
What is MIME?............................................................................................................... 183
MIME Encodings ............................................................................................................ 183
MIME Labeling............................................................................................................... 185
Practical Issues ................................................................................................................ 185
Turning Off Quoted-Printable................................................................................... 185
Mapping Between MIME Types and Macintosh Types ........................................... 186
Sending...................................................................................................................... 186
Receiving .................................................................................................................. 187
Index ...................................................................................................................... 189
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Getting Started
System Requirements
To use the Eudora Pro electronic mail (e-mail) application (hereafter referred to as
Eudora), you must have the following:
• A Macintosh Plus or later model, with a high-density disk drive.
• Macintosh System 7.0 or later.
• A mail account with an Internet service provider or an Internet-style network
account.
• Access to your mail account via modem (9600bps or higher) or Internet-style
network connection.
Installing Eudora
You can install this version of Eudora over an earlier version of Eudora Pro or any
version of Eudora Light. Just follow the instructions below, and when you open
the new version of Eudora your Settings, mailboxes, etc. will be updated for the
new version.
To install Eudora, do the following:
1.
Restart your Macintosh while holding down the shift key. This turns off
your Macintosh extensions.
2.
If you are installing Eudora from diskettes, insert Eudora Pro diskette 1 of
2 into your Macintosh diskette drive.
3.
Double-click on the Eudora Pro Installer icon to start the installation
program. The Eudora Pro splash screen is displayed. Click Continue to
display the Eudora README window.
Note: The contents of the README window can be printed or saved
to a file for later review.
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4.
Eudora User Manual
Once you have reviewed the contents of the README window, click
Continue. The User Code dialog is displayed.
User Code dialog
Your five-digit User Code is printed on the inside cover of this manual,
or, if you are part of a multiple-user site, it should be provided to you by
your organization’s Eudora support coordinator. If you purchased Eudora
by electronic distribution, the User Code is in the e-mail message you
received when you purchased the product.
5.
Type your User Code in the User Code field and click Continue.
Note: If you cannot determine your User Code, you may leave this
field blank.
The Eudora Install dialog is displayed, allowing you to select which items
you want to install. To see a description of an item, click on the item (the
description is displayed just below the selection area).
Eudora Install dialog
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6.
Getting Started
To install all of the items except for the connectivity software, be sure the
default item Full Eudora Pro 3.0 without connectivity is selected and
click Install.
To install all of the items including the connectivity software, select Full
Eudora Pro 3.0 installation and click Install.
Note: Do not use this option if you are already connected to a
TCP/IP network. If you are getting an Internet connection for
the first time, and your Internet service provider does not
provide TCP/IP software, you can use this item to install
MacSLIP and MacTCP.
To install just the items you want, select them by clicking on each one
(hold down the command key to select multiple items, and be sure that
neither of the Full installation items are selected), then click Install.
If you selected either of the Full installation items, MacTCP, MacSLIP,
or Macintosh Drag&Drop, the Restart dialog is displayed, informing you
that your Macintosh will need to be restarted at the end of the installation.
Click Yes.
The Eudora Version Selection dialog is displayed, allowing you to select
which version you want to install.
Eudora Version Selection dialog
The Eudora Version Selection dialog allows you to select from the
following versions:
680x0
This is the smallest version. It runs on any Macintosh, including Power
Macs, but it is not as fast on Power Macintoshes as the PowerPC or
Universal versions.
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PowerPC
This version runs only on Power Macintoshes. It does not run on standard
680x0 machines.
Universal (or Fat)
This version requires the most disk space. It runs on any Macintosh, and
runs as fast as the PowerPC version on a Power Macintosh.
7.
Select the version you want. A dialog is displayed asking you where you
want to install the Eudora Pro 3.0 folder.
Eudora destination dialog
8.
Select the destination folder and click Install. The install program begins
installing the items you selected onto the appropriate locations on your
disk.
9.
If you are installing Eudora from diskettes, insert the appropriate
installation diskette when you are prompted.
10. Once the installation is complete, you are prompted to restart your
Macintosh. Click Restart.
The Restart alert
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Getting Started
This completes the installation of the Eudora Pro software. To find out how to set
up Eudora so that you can send and receive e-mail, see the section “Opening and
Configuring Eudora.” For details about the files in the Eudora Pro Folder and The
Eudora Folder, see their corresponding sections in the Reference chapter.
Installing Connection Tools
To use Eudora with the Communications Toolbox, the Apple Modem Tool and
Serial Tool must be installed on your Macintosh. To do this, drag the Connection
Tools folder onto your System Folder.
Opening and Configuring Eudora
After you have installed Eudora, double-click on its icon to open it. If you are
installing Eudora for the first time, the Getting Started Settings are displayed.
To send and receive messages, you must have an account on a computer running a
POP (Post Office Protocol) server, and access to a computer running an SMTP
(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) server. Your incoming e-mail messages are
delivered to your POP account, where you pick them up and transfer them to
Eudora on your Macintosh. Your outgoing messages are sent to the SMTP server
to deliver to your recipients.
You have to provide basic information about your account, servers, and network
connection before you can send and receive messages. To do this, use the Getting
Started Settings (if this is not open, select Settings... from the Special menu and
click on the Getting Started category).
An example Getting Started Settings
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In the POP account field, type your login name for this account, an “@” sign,
and the full name of the computer. For example, if your assigned login name is
“justine,” and the name of the computer where you receive e-mail is
“pop3.qualcomm.com” type “[email protected]” in this field.
Note: This may or may not be your e-mail address. If your e-mail address
is different than your pop account, put it in the Return Address
field of the Personal Information Settings.
In the Real name field, type your real name. It is included in the From field of
your outgoing messages.
Specify a connection method. If you are using Eudora via TCP/IP software (e.g., a
direct network connection, SLIP, or PPP), select MacTCP. If you are using
Eudora without TCP/IP software, select Communications Toolbox, click OK,
then select Communications... from the Special menu and choose the appropriate
modem/serial communications settings.
If your POP and SMTP servers are on the same computer, you do not need to
specify an SMTP server. If they are not on the same computer, click on the Hosts
category and enter in the SMTP field the full name of the computer running the
SMTP server.
You are now ready to go. For a quick introduction to Eudora’s basic functions,
see the “Tutorial” chapter; for detailed explanations of all the available functions,
see the appropriate chapters.
Registering Your Copy of Eudora
Depending on the software license you have for Eudora, you may be eligible for
technical support directly from the Eudora Technical Support group. To receive
technical support, you must register your copy of Eudora Pro in accordance with
the terms defined in your license Agreement. If you have a previous version of
Eudora Pro, you need to register this new version.
Note: If you are part of a site license, you do not need to register.
Contact your organization’s e-mail administrator for support.
If you are eligible for technical support, you are prompted to register after you
send the first message with your new version of Eudora Pro. Complete the
registration form and click Register. The registration is put in the queue in your
Out mailbox and is sent the next time you send queued messages.
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Getting Started
If you don’t want to register at that time, you can choose Not Now to be prompted
7 days later, or Never Register to never be prompted again. At any time, you can
choose Register Eudora... from the Help menu to display the registration form.
Quitting Eudora
To quit Eudora, select Quit from the File menu. If you have queued messages, or
timed messages due to be sent in the next 12 hours, you are given the option to
send them (see the section “Quitting with Queued Messages”).
The Trash mailbox is emptied if the Empty Trash on Quit option is on in the
Miscellaneous Settings.
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Getting Help
Online Help
Eudora has an On-line Help feature that provides quick-reference instructions for
accomplishing many of Eudora’s operations. To display an On-line Help window,
select the topic you want from the Macintosh Help menu.
Eudora Help menu
Eudora also has extensive Balloon Help. To turn Balloon Help on, select Show
Balloons from the Macintosh Help menu. Move the mouse pointer to a Eudora
menu selection or item on the screen to display a brief description of that item.
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You can use Balloon Help even when a dialog is displayed. To turn Balloon Help
off, select Hide Balloons.
Note: If you have an extended keyboard with a [help] key, it can be used
to turn Balloon Help on and off.
Balloon Help
Technical Support
If, after reviewing all of the available materials, you are still in need of assistance,
contact your e-mail administrator (your Internet service provider or your
company’s Eudora support coordinator) or the Eudora Technical Support group. If
you are eligible for technical support, contact information is provided in the More
Help! On-line Help topic, and on the inside cover of this manual.
You must register your copy of Eudora Pro to receive technical support. See the
section “Registering Your Copy of Eudora” for details.
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Tutorial
Introduction
This tutorial introduces Eudora’s basic functions. There are a host of other
operations that are not described here. For detailed explanations of all available
Eudora functions, see the following chapters.
Creating an Outgoing Message
A good way to familiarize yourself with Eudora is to create an outgoing message.
An outgoing message is one that you send to someone else.
From the Message menu, select New Message. A new composition window is
displayed. Since it is easiest to experiment with Eudora by sending a message to
yourself, type your own e-mail address in the To field.
The From field has been automatically filled in and can’t be altered. This is your
real name and return address (as entered in the Real name and Return address
fields in the Personal Information Settings).
Press the [tab] key or point and click the mouse to move the cursor down to the
Subject field. Typically, you would enter some brief text indicating what the
message is about. For this message, type the words Test Message.
Move the cursor past the remaining Cc, Bcc, and X-Attachments fields down
into the large area below them. This area is reserved for the body of the message.
Here you can type whatever text you want. When you finish your message
(referred to in this tutorial as your test message), the composition window should
look something like the example below.
Example test message
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Saving the Message
To save any current outgoing message, such as your test message, select Save
from the File menu. This saves the message in its current state in the Out mailbox,
which holds all outgoing mail.
After you save your test message, select Out from the Mailbox menu to view the
message summary. The bullet (•) in the Status column of the message summary
indicates that the message has been saved, and can be sent or queued.
A message saved in the Out mailbox
Sending the Message
Notice the Send button in the upper right hand corner of the composition window.
To send the message, simply click on this button.
Sending the message
The composition window immediately closes, and the progress window is
momentarily displayed at the top of the screen. The progress window shows you
the progress of lengthy operations.
Checking for and Receiving the Message
There are two ways to check your POP server to see if you have any new
incoming mail. One way is to set up Eudora to automatically check for mail every
so often. The other way is to check for mail manually whenever you want to by
selecting Check Mail from the File menu. Do this manual check now.
Your password is requested for the first mail check after Eudora is opened,
whether it is an automatic or manual check.
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Tutorial
Note: Your POP account password is provided by your e-mail administrator.
The Password dialog
Type in your password and click OK. If you make a mistake before clicking OK,
simply backspace and re-enter the password correctly. If your password is
rejected, select Check Mail from the File menu again and re-enter your password.
Note: Your Eudora password is case-sensitive, so the uppercase and
lowercase letters must be typed in exactly. Be sure caps lock is off.
After successfully entering your password, a progress window is momentarily
displayed at the top of the screen indicating that an attempt to reach your POP
account is being made. If there is a network problem between you and the POP
server, an alert is displayed. Consult with your e-mail administrator to solve the
problem.
If there is no mail waiting at your account on the POP server, the You have no
new mail alert is displayed. This means that the message you sent to yourself in
the previous exercise has not been delivered to your POP account yet. Click OK.
Keep selecting Check Mail from the File menu until your test message arrives. If
the message doesn’t arrive in a minute or two, notify your e-mail administrator.
When mail is found in your POP account, it is transferred to your Macintosh and
the progress window lets you monitor the transfer. This is followed by the You
have new mail alert.
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Click OK. The In mailbox window is displayed with your test message summary
listed inside.
The test message listed in the In mailbox
The mailbox window shows a summary of each message in the mailbox.
Incoming messages are stored indefinitely in the In mailbox until they are deleted
or transferred to another mailbox (as described later in this tutorial).
To select (highlight) the message summary, click anywhere on the summary. To
open the message, double-click on its summary. Do this for your test message to
display it on your screen.
The incoming test message
The “Current Message”
Most Eudora commands can be applied either to an open message window or to
highlighted message summaries in a mailbox window. This lets you apply
commands (such as Transfer, Forward, and Reply) to messages without opening
them first. Whenever the term current message is used in this manual, it refers to
a message that is open and is in the topmost window or whose message summary
is highlighted within a mailbox window.
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Replying to the Message
You can easily reply to the sender of an incoming message without having to
create a new message from scratch.
With the test message current, select Reply from the Message menu to initiate a
reply to the message.
Note: Select Reply, not Reply To; the Reply To menu item is for use with
the Quick Recipient List, described later in this manual.
A new composition window is displayed, with the sender’s address (in this case,
your own) automatically placed in the To field of the header. The original
sender’s text is automatically included in the body of the message. You can edit
this text as needed (or it can be deleted by pressing the [delete] key). You can
enter more text in the reply message just as in any outgoing message. In your test
reply, move the insertion point to the area below the original message and type in
some additional text. To send this message, click Send.
A reply to a message
Transferring the Message Between Mailboxes
You can organize your incoming mail by creating new mailboxes and easily
transferring messages among them.
To create a new mailbox and transfer your test message into it, open the In
mailbox, select your test message summary, and select New... from the Transfer
menu. The New mailbox dialog is displayed. Any name can be typed in the new
mailbox title field, but for this example, type Testing.
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New mailbox dialog
Click OK to create the new mailbox. Because your test message was highlighted
when you selected New... from the Transfer menu, it is automatically transferred
into the Testing mailbox. To see this, select Testing from the Mailbox menu.
You can also transfer messages among existing mailboxes. To do this, select your
original test message from the Testing mailbox and then select In from the
Transfer menu.
Transferring the test message
Deleting the Message
Messages are stored indefinitely in any mailbox until they are deleted or
transferred to another mailbox. Any current message can be deleted.
To delete your test message, open it or select it in the In mailbox. Then, select
Delete from the Message menu. As a safeguard, the Delete command doesn’t
actually delete messages, but instead transfers them to the Trash mailbox. So, if
you suddenly realize that you deleted a message you want to keep, you can
transfer it out of the Trash into another mailbox.
All messages stored in the Trash mailbox are automatically deleted when you quit
Eudora (although you can turn this option off). To manually delete messages in
the Trash mailbox, select Empty Trash from the Special menu.
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Creating an Outgoing Message
An outgoing message is a message you send to someone else. To create an
outgoing message, select New Message from the Message menu. A new message
window is displayed, referred to as the Composition Window. The section below
describes how to use the Composition Window.
Using the Composition Window
The composition window consists of the title bar, the icon bar, the message
header, and the message body.
The composition window
Title Bar
The Title bar provides information about the message, including the name of the
addressee, the time and date the message was sent, and the message subject.
Note: Double-clicking on the title bar opens the mailbox that the
message resides in.
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Icon Bar
The Icon bar consists of a series of objects that are displayed just under the title
bar. It allows you to control the priority of your message, override some of your
default settings for the current message, and send or queue the message. Each icon
can be turned on or off for the current message by clicking on it. A checkmark
symbol next to the icon means the icon is on. The popup menus and icons are
described below.
You can set the defaults for the icon bar in the Sending Mail Settings.
Priority Popup
This lets you indicate that your message is of higher or lower priority than a
normal message. For most messages, this is just an empty box (normal priority).
For details, see the section “Setting the Message Priority.”
Signature Popup
This lets you automatically append one of your signatures to the end of a
message. For details, see the section “Using a Signature in an Outgoing
Message.”
Attachment Type Popup
This lets you select the encoding format for attachments. For details, see the
section “Attaching a File to a Message.”
Quoted-Printable Encoding
If this is on, quoted-printable encoding is used when sending messages that
contain long lines of text or special characters. It is used for all plain text
attachments. It is recommended that this always be on.
Include Macintosh Information
If this is on, the Macintosh file-type and resources are included in AppleDouble
and AppleSingle attachments. For details, see the section “Attaching a File to a
Message.”
Word Wrap
If this is on, a carriage return is not required at the end of each line. When the
message is sent, the text is automatically “wrapped,” meaning that carriage
returns are inserted at the end of each line of text, with roughly 76 characters per
line.
Keep Copy
If this is on, a copy of each sent message is kept in the Out mailbox. These
messages are saved there until they are deleted or transferred.
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Return Receipt
If this is on, a cooperating mailer returns a message to you notifying you when
your outgoing message has been displayed by the recipient. This function does
not work in all cases. For details, see the section “Requesting a Return Receipt.”
Send or Queue
These let you send a message immediately or put it in the queue to send later. If
the Immediate Send option in the Sending Mail Settings is on, the button is
labeled Send. If the option is off, the button is labeled Queue. For details, see the
section “Sending or Queueing a Message.”
Message Header
Outgoing mail headers consist of six fields: To, From, Subject, Cc, Bcc, and XAttachments. Each field is described below. The To, Subject, Cc, and Bcc fields
can be directly edited. To move the cursor from field to field, press the tab key or
click in the desired field with the mouse.
To
The intended recipients’ e-mail addresses, or nicknames you have defined (see the
section “Creating and Using Nicknames”). Multiple addresses and nicknames
must be separated by commas.
From
The sender’s e-mail address. This is usually your POP account plus your real
name. You can use a return address other than your POP account by entering the
address in the Return address field of the Personal Information Settings.
Subject
Some brief text indicating the contents of the message. This field can be left blank
(though it is a breach of e-mail etiquette to do so).
Cc
The e-mail addresses or nicknames of people to whom a copy of the message is to
be sent. These recipients are displayed in the message header for all recipients to
see. Multiple addresses must be separated by commas. This field can be left
blank.
Bcc
The e-mail addresses or nicknames of people to whom a copy of the message is to
be sent. These recipients are not displayed in the message header, and the
recipients in the To or Cc fields will not know that a copy went to these
addresses. This is useful when you want to send a copy of a message to someone
without everyone else knowing you did so. Multiple addresses must be separated
by commas. This field can be left blank.
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This field can also be used to put a copy of the message in one of your mailboxes.
To do this, put the cursor in the Bcc field and select the mailbox from the Fcc
menu (normally the Transfer menu). The name of the mailbox is inserted into the
Bcc field preceded by an “ƒ,” and when the message is sent, a copy is put in that
mailbox.
X-Attachments
A list of documents being attached to and sent along with the message. You must
use one of the attachment options to add attachments (see the section “Attaching a
File to a Message”). To delete an attachment from an outgoing message, select it
and press the delete key. This field can be left blank.
Message Body
After filling in the header fields, move the insertion point to the space below the
message header. Type the body of the message here. For information about
formatting your message text, see the section “Formatting Text.”
Saving a Message for Later Changes
Sometimes it is convenient to save an outgoing message either as a safeguard
when typing long messages, or so you can return to it later to make changes.
To save the current message, select Save from the File menu. To save all of the
messages that you have open, hold down the option key and select Save All from
the File menu.
Saved messages are put in the Out mailbox with a bullet (•) in the Status column.
This indicates that the message has been saved and can be sent or queued.
A message saved in the Out mailbox
You can continue making changes or close the message. If you try to close an
outgoing message window without saving that version of the message, an alert is
displayed asking if the message should be saved or the changes discarded. If you
select Discard and the message has never been saved, the message is deleted.
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Using Stationery Files
Stationery files are templates for outgoing messages. If you find yourself
repeatedly sending the same message, save the message as a stationery file and
send it whenever you need to by selecting the New Message With or Reply With
menu commands. This way you don’t have to copy and paste text into a message,
you can just open a pre-written message and edit it as necessary.
To create a stationery file, open a new message, put the text you want into the
message body, and fill in the headers as appropriate (subject, copies, etc.). Select
Save as... from the File menu to display the Save As dialog.
Name the file, and select the Stationery option. If you want to keep the file in the
Stationery Folder (within your Eudora Folder), click on the Go To Stationery
Folder option. If not, select any folder you want, and click on Save to save the
file. You can delete the original message.
Creating a stationery file with the Save As dialog
To use a stationery file for all of your outgoing messages, follow the instructions
above, name the file Default, and be sure to click on the option Go To Stationery
Folder and save the file there. Once you’re done, any new message uses this file,
unless you create the message using the Redirect or Send Again command.
To change a stationery file, open a new message with the stationery file, make
your changes, then use the Save As option again to save your changes. To delete a
stationery file, drag it into the Trash on your desktop.
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To send a stationery message, select the file from the New Message With or
Reply With command from the Message menu. A message window is displayed
containing the header and body from the stationery file. If you are replying to a
message, the stationery header text is incorporated into the reply header text. You
can edit and send this new message just as you would any other message.
You can also set up a filter to reply with a stationery message. See the section
“Filtering Messages” for more information.
Using Signatures
A signature is a few lines of text that are automatically added to the end of an
outgoing message when it is sent. A signature can be whatever you want, but it is
mostly used to give contact information (telephone, address, etc.). You can have
as many signatures as you want.
Note: Your signature is not displayed in the Eudora message window, but
is added to the end of the message when it is sent.
To create or modify your Standard signature, select Signatures→Standard from
the Special menu. The Signature window is displayed. Enter your signature text,
and select Save from the File menu to save your changes.
Creating the Standard signature
To create or modify your Alternate signature, select Signatures→Alternate from
the Special menu. The Alternate signature window is displayed. Enter your
signature text, and select Save from the File menu to save your changes.
To create additional signatures, select Signatures→New from the Special menu.
An alert is displayed, asking you what you want to call it. Enter a name and click
on OK to display a signature window. Enter your signature, save the file, and
close the window. Your new signature is now part of the list of signatures.
To modify an additional signature, select Signatures→Name from the Special
menu. The signature window is displayed for the signature name you specified.
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Make any changes you want, save the file, and close the window. To remove a
signature, drag the file into the Trash on your desktop.
To include a signature in an outgoing message, select the signature you want from
the Signature popup on the icon bar.
Setting the signature for a particular message
To include your Standard signature in all of your outgoing messages, open the
Sending Mail Settings and check the Use signature option. You can turn this off
for a particular message by selecting a different signature or None from the
Signature popup.
Setting the Message Priority
You can assign a priority to incoming and outgoing messages. The priority is only
for you and your recipients—it does not affect the way mail transport systems
handle the messages.
There are five priority levels available, 1 being the highest, 5 being the lowest.
Each is represented by a small symbol in the icon bar of a message window and
the Priority column of a message summary. Priority 3 is used for messages that
have no assigned priorities, and it is not displayed. The high and highest priority
symbols are red. You can also use Raise or Lower to set the priority one level
higher or lower, instead of setting a particular priority level.
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New messages are created with a Normal priority. To change the priority of the
current message, use the Priority popup.
Changing the priority of a message using the priority popup
Note: To set up Eudora to always use the sender’s priority on your
replies, turn on the Copy original’s priority to reply option in the
Replying Settings. You can always change the priority in the
message window.
Requesting a Return Receipt
You can request that your recipients notify you when they have seen your
message. To do this, click on the Return Receipt icon in the message window.
Your recipients receive a message with a request to notify the sender (you) that
they have seen the message (if you sent yourself a copy, you will not see the
notification request). If a recipient clicks on the Notify Sender button, you
receive a message that tells you when that recipient displayed your message.
A request for notification
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If you receive a message with a request for notification of receipt, you can click
on Notify Sender to send the notification, or you can just ignore it. To remove the
request without sending the notification, hold down the option key and click on
Notify Sender.
These Return Receipt options may or may not work as described, depending on
your recipients’ e-mail software.
Formatting Text
You can use standard text editing options to format the text of your outgoing
messages or text files. The formatting is delivered to your recipients using the
“text/enriched” MIME standard, which means that the formatting your recipient
sees depends on how well their e-mail package supports this standard.
It is important to remember that you cannot completely control what happens on
your recipient’s computer. Depending on the type of computer they are using,
their installed fonts, their settings or preferences, etc., they could end up viewing
something different than what you intended. Also, the formatting changes you
make are sent to your recipient, but your default text settings are not. Any text that
you did not make changes to is displayed using your recipient’s default text.
The Styled Text Settings let you specify how you want to send and receive styled
text. If the Discard style information option is on, you will not be able to format
your text at all (this option is off by default). If you want to send styled text, turn
on the Send style information with mail option, and the But warn me first
option if you want to be alerted before sending it.
Text Editing Menu Commands
To format text, select the text you want to affect, select Text from the Edit menu,
and select the appropriate option. The formatting options are as follows:
Plain, Bold, Italic, Underline
Make the text plain (the default), bold, italic, or underlined.
The keyboard shortcuts are, in order as above, -T, -B, -I, and -U.
Left, Center, Right
Align the selected paragraph to the left, the center, or the right.
Small, Normal, Big, Very Big, Mondo
Make the text a small size, a normal size (the default), a big size, a very big size,
or a very very very big (mondo) size. The increase or decrease is based on the
next or previous standard point size.
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Remember that you are viewing the text based on your default settings, but your
recipient’s settings and fonts will be different. For example, if you have a default
font size of 10, and you edit your message text to be a “Mondo” size, it would
display as 18 points to you, but would display as 24 points for a recipient with a
default font size of 14.
Margins—Normal
Make the selected paragraph’s left and right margins normal, or flush with the
message window (the default).
Margins—Indent, Indent 2, Indent 3
Make the selected paragraph’s left and right margins indented one, two, or three
times.
Margins—Hang Indent, Hang Indent 2, Hang Indent 3
Make the left and right margins indented one, two, or three times for the first line
of the paragraph, and further indent subsequent lines of the paragraph (as
shown with this paragraph).
Color (None, Red, Green, Blue, Yellow, Brown)
Make the text black (the default), red, green, blue, yellow, or brown.
Font
Make the text a certain font by choosing from the fonts available on your
Macintosh. Remember that your recipient may not have the same fonts.
Completely Plain
Clear all formatting and go back to the default settings. This option is only
available if you hold down the option key while selecting the Text menu
command.
Other Formatting options
To copy styled text without taking the styles, hold down the shift key and select
Copy Without Styles from the Edit menu.
If you turn on the Word Wrap icon in the composition window, you do not need
to use carriage returns in the body of your message. When you send the message,
the text is automatically “wrapped,” meaning that carriage returns are inserted at
the end of each line of text, with roughly 76 characters per line. This makes the
message legible on the recipient’s computer.
To manually wrap text, select the text you want, then select Wrap Selection from
the Edit menu. To unwrap text, select the text you want, then hold down the
option key and select Unwrap Selection from the Edit menu.
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To copy wrapped text without taking the carriage returns, hold down the option
key and select Copy & Unwrap from the Edit menu.
To copy wrapped and styled text without taking the carriage returns or styles, hold
down the shift and option keys and select Copy Without Styles & Unwrap from
the Edit menu.
To move text around in your messages or text files, or to move text from other
application windows into your Eudora windows, use the Macintosh standard Drag
and Drop functions.
Attaching a File to a Message
Any Macintosh file can be attached to and sent with a Eudora message. An
attached document functions like a “rider” to the e-mail message, and does not
appear within the message text. Instead, the name of the document and its icon are
displayed automatically in the X-Attachments field of the message header.
To attach a file to a current outgoing message, select Attach Document... from
the Message menu. A standard file dialog is displayed. Once the desired
document is located, select it and click on the Open button to attach the document
to the message. You can add as many attachments as you want.
You can also drag one or more files from the Desktop onto the message window
to attach them.
An outgoing message with an attached document
To detach a document before the message is sent, select the document in the XAttachments field, then press the delete key or select Clear from the Edit menu.
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When the message is sent, if the chosen document is not a plain (ASCII) text file,
it is encoded in the selected attachment type. This allows you to send any kind of
document through the mail, even Macintosh applications.
The MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) standard uses Base64
encoding. It is the newest form of encoding and is a good choice for sending files
to either platform. However, since it is a new standard, only use this method if
you know your recipient is using a mailer that supports MIME.
The attachment types include the following:
AppleDouble
This is best for recipients with MIME-compliant e-mail readers, regardless of
what operating system they are using. For more information on MIME, see
Appendix G.
AppleSingle
This works for recipients with MIME compliant e-mail readers on Macintoshes.
Do not use this type if your recipient is using a PC.
BinHex
This is best for recipients on a Macintosh with an e-mail reader that is not MIMEcompliant.
Uuencode Data Fork
This is best for recipients using PC or Unix systems that are not MIME compliant.
If you want to include the Macintosh file-type and resources with an AppleDouble
or AppleSingle attachment, be sure the Include Macintosh Information icon is
checked. This can be important in maintaining the integrity of the file for another
Macintosh, but will confuse other operating systems.
If the chosen document is a plain text file, it is not encoded in any special format
before being sent, but the Include Macintosh Information icon can be used.
Sending Attachments to Non-Eudora Users
If you send an attachment to someone who doesn’t use Eudora, the attached file
may be included at the end of the message in the chosen attachment format
(AppleDouble, AppleSingle, BinHex, or Uuencode). Your recipient should save
the message as a file, then decode the file using an application appropriate for the
encoding method you used when you sent the message.
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Inserting a File into a Message
Text files can be inserted into a message and then edited. To insert a text file into
a message, put the cursor where you want the text inserted, select Attach
Document... from the Message menu. Then select the text file you want and click
on Insert. The text from the file is inserted into your message and you can edit it
as normal.
Including a URL in a Message
To include a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) in a message, enclose it with less
than and greater than signs to ensure that your recipient’s application can identify
it as a URL. For example, <http://www.qualcomm.com/quest/>. The URL is
automatically highlighted as an active URL in your message window.
A URL in an outgoing message
Checking Your Spelling
Eudora includes the Spellswell 7 Spelling Checker, developed by Working
Software. Because it is a Word Services Suite application, Spellswell 7 can be
used with Eudora. This section describes the spelling checker’s basic functions
when it is used with Eudora. For more information on Spellswell 7, how it
functions with other applications, specialized dictionaries, etc., see the Spellswell
7 User Manual. It is located in the Documentation folder within the Eudora Pro
folder.
The spelling checker includes a customizable 93,000+ word dictionary. It can be
used to check for spelling mistakes and typographical errors in message
composition windows, text files, and signature files.
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Besides finding ordinary misspellings, the spelling checker has many additional
options for finding errors. For details, see the section “Spelling Options.”
To check your spelling in Eudora, select Check Spelling from the Edit menu.
The spelling checker starts at the beginning of the document. The subject of the
message and the message body are checked, ignoring the parts of the body that are
identified as quoted text. You can also highlight a word or a block of text to check
only that text and not the rest of the message.
If no misspellings are found, the spelling checker quits.
If a misspelled, unknown, or repeated word is found, the Check Spelling dialog is
displayed with the word listed in the Questioned word field. The word is also
highlighted in context at the bottom of the window.
The Check Spelling dialog
The Replace with field displays the dictionary entry alphabetically closest to the
questioned word. If this suggestion is not acceptable, you can change it by
clicking on a word from the list. Or, you can type the correct spelling of the word
directly in the Replace with field. Once the Replace with field contains the
correct entry, click the Replace button. The word in the document is replaced
with the word in the Replace with field. The spell checker then proceeds with the
check.
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The Check Spelling Dialog
The Check Spelling dialog allows you to skip a questioned word, replace it, guess
the correct spelling, and add or delete the word to or from your user dictionary.
Each of the fields and buttons is described below.
Questioned word
A word that is not found in the spelling checker dictionary.
Replace with
Replace the questioned word with the word in this field. You can select a word
from the Dictionary/Guesses field, or type a new one.
Dictionary/Guesses
This field is labeled Dictionary when the View suggestions instead of
dictionary first option is off (the default), and Guesses when it is on.
Dictionary lists all words that are alphabetically similar to the questioned word.
To display the spelling checker’s suggestions for the correct spelling, click on the
Guess button.
Guesses automatically lists all suggestions for the correct spelling.
Skip (All)
Ignore this occurrence of the questioned word. If you use Skip All, you ignore
this and all subsequent occurrences of the questioned word.
Replace (All)
Replace this occurrence of the questioned word with the word in the Replace
with field. If you use Replace All, you replace this and all subsequent
occurrences of the questioned word.
Guess
Display the spelling checker’s suggestions for the correct spelling of the
questioned word. If the Extended option is checked, the spelling checker displays
more possible choices for the questioned word (an extended guess takes longer
than a regular guess).
Note: You can make a wild card guess if you type some letters followed
by ? in the Replace with field and then press the Guess button. The
more specific you are, the faster the search will be.
View
Display the dictionary list of words that are alphabetically similar to the
questioned word. The View button is only active when Guesses are being
displayed in the Guesses field.
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Add
Add the questioned word to the dictionary. If the Quick option is on, then the
questioned word is added to the dictionary immediately when you click this
button. If this option is off, the Adding word to Dictionary dialog is displayed.
This dialog provides you with options for adding the word and its various forms
to the dictionary.
The Adding word to Dictionary dialog
Remove
Remove a word from the dictionary. If the Quick option is on, then the word is
deleted from the dictionary immediately when you click this button. If this option
is off, you are prompted to confirm the deletion.
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Spell Checking Options
There are many spell checking options to use when checking for errors. To set
these options, select Options... from the Spellswell File menu. The available
options are described below.
Spelling Options Dialog Box
Question when a word is uncapitalized following a period
Questions the capitalization of the first word following a period, question mark,
exclamation point, or carriage return/new line character.
Note: The spelling checker does not distinguish between a period ending
a sentence and a period ending an abbreviation.
Question when proper nouns are uncapitalized
Questions the capitalization of words that appear to be proper nouns.
Question when words appear to to be repeated
Questions words that appear twice in sequence.
Question when there is only one space after a period
Questions periods, question marks, and exclamation points followed by a single
space (represented by a square in the Questioned word field).
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Question when there is a space before punctuation
Questions occurrences of spaces before a punctuation mark (comma, semicolon,
period, question mark, or exclamation point).
Question when there are extra spaces between words
Questions occurrences of extra spaces between words.
Question when an “a” is before a vowel or “an” before a consonant
Questions usage of the indefinite articles “a” and “an.”
Treat hyphenated-words as two words
Treats improperly hyphenated words as separate words.
Allow both numbers and letters in words
Allows mixed numbers and letters. Ignores words that contain both upper and
lower case characters or words that contain numbers.
View suggestions instead of dictionary first
Displays the spelling checker’s suggestions for the correct spelling of the
questioned word in the Guesses field.
HTML checking - ignore between brackets “<>”
Ignores URLs between brackets.
Make a copy of disk documents that are checked
This option does not apply to spell checking from Eudora. It automatically creates
a backup copy of your original document with “sbk” appended to the file name.
Quit after an Apple Events Word Services spell check
Quits the spelling checker once the document is checked.
Spell Checking and Curly Apostrophes
In the Spellswell dictionaries, contraction and possessive forms of words contain
conventional, not curly, apostrophes. Therefore, the spell checker might not
recognize curly apostrophes and may mark the words as incorrect.
It is generally not a good idea to use these in e-mail messages anyway, since they
are often not displayed correctly on your recipient’s computer.
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Sending Messages
Sending or Queueing a Message
After you compose a message, you can send it immediately, or put it in a queue to
be sent sometime later or at a specified time.
Sending a Message Immediately
If you want to send your messages immediately instead of putting them in a queue
to send later, then be sure the Immediate send option is on in the Sending Mail
Settings.
To send the current message, click on the Send button or select Send Message
Now from the Message menu. A progress window is displayed to show the
progress of the transmission.
If you have the Immediate send option on, but want to put the current message in
the queue, hold down the option key and click on the Send button. The Change
Queueing dialog is displayed and you can set detailed instructions. For more
details, see the section “Queueing a Message to Send at a Certain Time.”
Queueing a Message to Send Later
If you want to put your messages in a queue (in the Out mailbox) to send all
together at a later time, be sure the Immediate send option is off in the Sending
Mail Settings.
You can set up Eudora to warn you if you try to delete a queued message, or try to
quit Eudora with queued messages. To do this, turn those options on in the Extra
Warnings Settings.
To put the current message in the queue, click on the Queue button or select
Queue Message from the Message menu. The message window is closed (if it
was open) and the message is saved in the Out mailbox marked Q (meaning it’s
ready to be delivered).
Queued messages in the Out mailbox
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To send all of your queued messages, select Send Queued Messages from the
File menu. A progress window is displayed momentarily at the top of the screen
indicating the progress of the transmission.
If you have the Immediate send option off, but want to send a message
immediately, hold down the option key and click on the Queue button. The
Change Queueing dialog is displayed and you can select the Send message
Right Now option.
Queueing a Message to Send at a Certain Time
You can specify that a message be sent at a certain time in the future. To do this
for the current outgoing message, select Change Queueing... from the Message
menu. The Change Queueing dialog is displayed.
The Change Queueing dialog
If you choose Right Now, the message is sent immediately when you click OK. If
you choose Next time queued messages are sent, the message is sent the next
time queued messages are sent.
If you choose On or After, you can use the Time and Date fields to fill in the
time and date when the message should be sent. The message is saved in the Out
mailbox with a T in the status column, and is sent when the specified time arrives.
Note: For the message to be sent at the correct time, Eudora must be
running when the message is due to be sent. If Eudora is not
running, the message is sent the first time Eudora is run after the
selected time has passed.
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If you choose Don’t Send for a message that has never been queued, nothing
happens. If the message has been queued already, the message status is changed
from queued (Q) to saved (•). The message is held in the Out mailbox until it is
either deleted or re-queued and sent.
Editing a Queued Message
To edit a queued message, open the Out mailbox and double-click on the message
summary. Make the necessary edits and save them. The message is returned to the
Out mailbox. If you close the changed message without saving it, an alert is
displayed asking you to verify the changes.
Taking a Message Out of the Queue
A message that is queued but is not yet sent can be unqueued using the Change
Queueing command. Open the Out mailbox and select the desired message
summary. Then, select Change Queueing... from the Message menu and click on
Don’t Send. This changes the message status from queued (Q) to saved (•). The
message is held in the Out mailbox until it is either deleted, re-queued, or sent.
Sending Queued Messages When Checking Mail
If the Send on check option in the Sending Mail Settings is on, every time Eudora
checks for mail (automatically or manually), all queued messages are
automatically sent.
Sending Messages with Special Server Instructions
To send your queued messages with special instructions for the server, hold down
the option key and select Send Messages Specially... from the File menu. The
Mail Transfer Options dialog is displayed. Set the options you want and click
OK. All the actions you have requested are completed. For details, see the section
“Managing Your Mail on the POP Server.”
Replying to a Message
To reply to the current message, select Reply from the Message menu. A new
message window is displayed, with the original sender’s address automatically
placed in the To field of the header. All of the sender’s original text is quoted in
the message body. This text can be edited as needed. Additional text can be added
to the reply just as to any outgoing message, and the reply can then be sent or
saved for further changes.
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If the sender’s text did not include style information, each line is prefixed by a
greater-than symbol (>).
Quoted text that does not include style information
If the sender’s text did include style information (e.g., bold text), it is quoted with
greater-than and less-than symbols above it and below it, and a left sidebar.
Quoted text that includes style information
Messages that have been replied to are identified with an “R” in the Status column
of their message summary.
Using the Reply Functions
There are several options that you can use when replying to messages.
To quote only some of the sender’s text, select the text you want, then hold down
the shift key and select Reply Quoting Selection from the Message menu.
To include everyone who received the original message, hold down the option key
and select Reply To All from the Message menu. Or, turn on the Reply to all By
default option in the Replying Settings and the Message menu option changes to
Reply To All. In this case, you must hold down the option key to create a reply to
only the original sender.
To include yourself as a recipient, turn on the Include yourself option in the
Replying Settings. This only works if you are using Reply To All.
Note: To determine who you are, Eudora uses the “me” nickname, if you
create one for yourself. If not, Eudora uses the contents of the POP
account and Return address fields from the Personal Information
Settings.
To put the addresses of the other recipients of the original message in the Cc field
(instead of the To field), turn on the Put original To recipients in Cc field, not
To field option in the Replying Settings. Only the original sender’s address is put
in the To field. This only works if you are using Reply To All.
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To copy the original message’s priority to your replies, turn on the Copy
original’s priority to reply option in the Replying Settings.
Replying with a Stationery File
To reply to a message with a stationery file, select Reply With→Filename from
the Message menu. The stationery file is opened as a message and is addressed as
appropriate (your Replying Settings are used). For details about stationery, see the
section “Using a Stationery File.”
To reply to a message with a stationary file and only quote some of the sender’s
original text, select the text you want to quote, then hold down the shift key and
select Reply Quoting Selection With from the Message menu.
Forwarding a Message
Any message can be forwarded to someone else. To forward the current message,
select Forward from the Message menu. A new message window is displayed
with your address in the From field, the original sender’s text quoted in the
message body, and the original attachments in the X-Attachments field. For
details on how text is quoted, see the section “Replying to Messages.” Make any
changes you want, and enter the recipients’ address in the To field. The message
can then be sent or saved for further changes.
To forward a message with just the original text without quote characters, hold
down the option key and select Forward from the Message menu.
Messages that have been forwarded are identified with an “F” in the Status
column of their message summary.
Redirecting a Message
Incoming messages can be sent to a new recipient “by way of” you, maintaining
the original sender’s address in the From field. This is called redirecting.
To redirect the current message, select Redirect from the Message menu. A new
message window is displayed with the original sender’s address in the From field
with the statement “by way of your address”, the original sender’s text in the
message body, and the original attachments in the X-Attachments field. Make
any changes you want, and enter the recipient’s address in the To field. The
message can then be sent or saved for further changes.
Note: You may want to enclose any changes in brackets ([]) so that you
don’t confuse the recipient about who wrote what.
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A Redirected message
Messages that have been redirected are identified with an “D” in the Status
column of their message summary.
Turbo Redirecting
You can redirect one or more message to someone on your recipient list, queue
the new message (without displaying it), and delete the original message, all with
one command. To do this, hold down the option key and select Turbo Redirect
To→Recipient from the Message menu.
To make Turbo Redirect the default menu option, turn on the Turbo redirect by
default option in the Miscellaneous Settings. To do a regular redirect with this
option on, hold down the option key and select the Redirect To.
To Turbo Redirect a message without deleting the original, hold down the shift
key and select Turbo Redirect Without Delete To→Recipient..
Redirect and Signatures
When you use Redirect, your signature is not added to the message when it is
sent, unless you originally created the message. Eudora considers the message to
be originally from you if the address in the From field exactly matches your
return address, or your nickname called “me.”
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Keeping Copies of Outgoing Messages
There are three ways to keep copies of your outgoing messages.
To put a copy of every outgoing message in the Out mailbox, turn on the Keep
copies of Outgoing Mail option in the Sending Mail Settings.
To put a copy of the current outgoing message in the Out mailbox, turn on the
Keep Copy icon in the icon bar (there should be a checkmark next to it).
To put a copy of the current outgoing message in a particular mailbox, put the
cursor in the Bcc field of the message and select the mailbox from the Fcc menu
(normally the Transfer menu).
In all these cases, when the messages are sent they are put in the specified
mailbox with an S in the Status column, indicating that the message has been sent.
If none of these options are used, outgoing messages are put into the Trash
mailbox.
Note: You can also set up a filter to save outgoing messages in particular
mailboxes based on information contained in the message. See the
section “Filtering Messages” for more information.
Sending Rejected Messages Again
If for some reason an e-mail message can’t be delivered to a recipient, mail
transport agents return the message to the original sender (you). A message is
typically rejected because of an error in the recipient’s address, although many
other reasons are possible.
The return message usually includes cryptic information that may let you
determine the reason the message was rejected. It also includes the text of the
original message.
You can easily recover the original message, make any corrections, and resend it.
To do this for the current message, select Send Again from the Message menu.
This eliminates the inserted extra text and reformats the message as it originally
appeared. You can then make changes or additions and send the message again.
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Receiving Messages
Checking For Incoming Mail
The POP server is where your mail is received and stored until it is transferred to
Eudora on your Macintosh. Your POP server account is specified in the Getting
Started Settings.
Note: To best understand the functioning of the POP server with respect
to Eudora, see Appendix C.
There are two ways to check your POP server and transfer mail to your
Macintosh: automatically or manually. These are described in the sections below.
You can also control how your mail is transferred from the server, and what
happens to it on the server. For details, see the section “Managing Your Mail on
the POP Server.”
Checking for Mail Automatically
You can set up Eudora to automatically check your POP server and transfer new
mail every so often. To do this, select Settings... from the Special menu, and
select the Checking Mail Settings. Turn on the Check for mail every ? minutes
option, and enter the number of minutes that you want between mail checks
(Eudora must be running, but you can be using other applications on your
Macintosh). For example, if you type in 15, Eudora checks for mail every 15
minutes. In fact, 15 minutes is a good minimum interval, because checking mail
more frequently puts an unnecessary load on your POP server.
Note: If automatic checking is set, the Check Mail command under the
File menu displays the next time that an automatic check is
scheduled to occur.
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Checking for Mail Manually
You can check for mail manually at any time by selecting Check Mail from the
File menu. If you haven’t successfully entered your password since opening the
Eudora program, you are prompted for it. A progress window is momentarily
displayed at the top of the screen indicating that an attempt to reach your POP
account is being made.
Note: If automatic checking is on and you manually check for new mail,
the next automatic mail check will happen at the specified number
of minutes after the manual check.
Stopping a Mail Check
If you want to stop a mail check in the middle, click on the Stop button in the
progress window or hold down the command key and type a period (.).
Using Your Password
Each time you open Eudora and check mail for the first time, you need to enter
your password. In the Password dialog, type in your password and click OK. If
you make a mistake before clicking OK, simply backspace and re-enter the
password correctly.
Entering your password
Note: Your POP account password is case-sensitive, so the uppercase
and lowercase characters must be typed in exactly.
If your password is rejected, an error message is displayed indicating that you
have entered the wrong password.
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Wrong password
Select Check Mail from the File menu to redisplay the password dialog.
As long as Eudora is running, it remembers your password. If you don’t want it to
remember (if, for example, you are away from your Macintosh), select Forget
Password from the Special menu. The next time you check mail, you are
prompted for your password again.
You can also make Eudora remember your password from one session to the next,
which means you never have to enter your password again, even if you quit and
open Eudora again. You only want to do this if your Macintosh is in a secure
location, where there is no possible chance of someone else having access to it.
To use this option, turn on Save password in the Checking Mail Settings.
Changing Your Password
To change your POP account password, select Change Password... from the
Special menu. (This command only works if your POP server is running a
compatible password-change server. For information about these servers, see
Appendix A.) You are prompted to enter your old password once, and your new
password twice. Depending on the server you are using, the password can be up to
30 characters, but normally it is only 7 or 8.
When you choose a new password, try not to use real words, names, dates,
familiar acronyms, etc. Some servers require at least one number or symbol in
your password, and you may want to do that even if it is not required.
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Receiving New Mail
When Eudora does a mail check, you can be notified of new mail in one or all of
the following ways: an alert dialog, a flashing mail icon in the menu bar, the
opening of the mailboxes to which new mail is delivered, and a special “New
Mail” sound. These options are turned on or off in the Getting Attention Settings.
When you receive notice that new mail has arrived, select Eudora from the
applications menu. Mail usually arrives in the In mailbox (unless you are using
filters to transfer messages). If the In mailbox is not already open, select In from
the Mailbox menu. The messages are listed in the order they are received, with
the most recent message listed last. Unread messages are designated by a bullet (•)
in the Status column of the message summary.
Unread messages in the In mailbox
Double-click anywhere on a message summary to open the message. Incoming
messages are saved indefinitely in the In mailbox (or the mailbox they are filtered
into) until they are deleted or transferred to another mailbox.
The Incoming Message Window
To open an incoming message, double-click on its message summary in a mailbox
window, or, if the message summary is current (highlighted), select Open... from
the File menu or press the space, enter or return key.
An incoming message window
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The incoming message window consists of the title bar, the icon bar, and the
message body.
Title Bar
The Title bar provides information about the message, including the name of the
sender, the time and date the message was delivered, and the message subject.
Icon Bar
The Icon bar consists of a series of objects that are displayed just under the title
bar. To turn an icon on, click on it to put a checkmark next to it.
Priority Popup
This lets you indicate that the message is of higher or lower priority than a
normal message. For most messages, this is just an empty box (normal priority).
For details, see the section “Setting the Message Priority.”
Pencil
If this is on, you can edit the message.
BLAH,BLAH,BLAH
If this is on, all the message headers are displayed.
Incoming mail with all headers displayed
Subject
This is the subject that was assigned by the sender, and is shown in the message
summary. For instructions on changing this subject, see the section “Editing
Incoming Messages.”
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Fetch
If this is on, the message is transferred in full the next time you check mail. This
icon is only displayed if the message was originally transferred in part. For
details, see the section “Managing Your Mail on the POP Server.”
Trash
If this is on, the message is deleted from the server the next time you check mail.
This icon is only displayed if the original message is still on the server. For
details, see the section “Managing Your Mail on the POP Server.”
Tow Truck
This can be used to drag any current message into a different mailbox. Just hold
the mouse button down on the icon and drag it to an open mailbox or a mailbox
button on the toolbar.
Message Body
The message body contains the message header and text information, as well as
the name and icon of each attachment. Attachments can be opened from within
the message window by double-clicking on the attachment icon (see the section
“Automatically Opening Attachments”).
You can specify what kind of text styles you want or don’t want displayed in
incoming messages. In the Styled Text Settings, just turn off the option for a style
that you don’t want to receive (e.g., bold text). All of the possible styles are on by
default.
Receiving Attachments
Unless you have specified a particular folder for your incoming attachments (see
the section “Specifying an Attachment Folder”), they are automatically decoded
and saved in the Attachment Folder in your Eudora Folder (which is in your
System Folder). If you receive multiple attachments with the same name, a
number is added to the end of each duplicate name, in the order they are received.
Attachment names and icons are displayed at the bottom of incoming messages.
To open an attachment from the message window, double-click on the attachment
name or its icon. If you have the application that the attachment was created in,
that application launches and the attachment opens.
To move the attachment from one folder to another, highlight the attachment in
the message, then drag it to where you want it.
To copy the attachment to another folder, highlight the attachment in the message,
hold down the option key, then drag it to where you want it.
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To find out where the attachment is located on your Macintosh, hold down the
control and command keys, then click on the attachment in the message. The
folder that holds the attachment is opened and the attachment is highlighted. This
only works for the original attachment, not any copies you have made.
Specifying an Attachment Folder
If you do not want to use the default Attachment Folder to receive your
attachments, select Settings... from the Special menu and select the Attachments
Settings. Then click on the large button beneath the Attachment Folder prompt. A
standard file dialog is displayed.
Double-click on the name of the folder you want to use (its name should be
displayed in the menu above the list), then click the Use Folder button. The
dialog closes, leaving the Settings dialog displayed. The name of the folder you
just selected is now displayed in the Attachment Folder button.
An attachments folder is selected
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If this does not work, you may have a conflicting system extension. To get around
this problem, restart your Macintosh with all of the extensions turned off, then
open Eudora and set the Attachment Folder again. You should be able to restart
your Macintosh with all of your extensions on and still maintain the specified
folder.
Note: If at any time Eudora cannot find your selected folder, an alert is
displayed at startup informing you that the Attachment Folder is
unavailable. Eudora will use the Attachment Folder in the Eudora
folder for attachments until you designate a new folder.
Editing Incoming Messages
You can edit the message body in an incoming message if you turn on the Pencil
icon in the icon bar. You can also edit the Subject in the icon bar (this is the
subject shown in the message summary).
To edit an incoming message, click on the Pencil icon to turn it on, then edit the
message body. When you are done, save your changes and close the message.
You may want to turn off the Pencil icon before closing the message, so that you
don’t make accidental changes.
To edit the subject of an incoming message, open it and edit the subject in the
icon bar (not the subject in the message body). When you are done, click
somewhere else in the message, or close it. The new subject is displayed in the
message summary. The contents of the Subject field of the message header
remain unchanged.
Note: If you reply to the message, the original subject is used for the
reply, not your changed subject. This gives you the freedom to put
information useful to you into the summary, without fear of your
private notes being revealed to your correspondents.
Editing the subject of an incoming message
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Using Active URLs
Any string of text that Eudora recognizes as a URL (Uniform Resource Locator:
http, ftp, gopher, ph, finger, etc.) is active. You can hold down the command key
and click on a URL (or just double-click) to open a World Wide Web location,
transfer a file, do a gopher search, use the finger tool, etc.
To specify what Internet application you want to use for a URL type, hold down
the option key and double-click on the URL. A standard file dialog is displayed.
Select the application you want, then click on Open. The application is opened
and goes to the selected URL. The next time you select a URL of that type, the
same application is automatically used.
Managing Your Mail on the POP Server
During a mail check, your incoming messages are normally transferred from your
account on the POP server to your Macintosh, and then deleted from the POP
server. But this can be awkward if you want to read mail from two or more
Macintoshes, and keep your mail organized at the same time.
There are several options that you can use to control your mail transfers and the
storage on the server. Some of these options are available in the Checking Mail
Settings, and some are available in the Mail Transfer Options dialog.
Leaving Mail on the Server
To transfer all of your new messages from the POP server to the Macintosh you
are on, and also leave copies of those messages on the server, turn on the Leave
on server option in the Checking Mail Settings. You can set the number of days
the copies should be kept, or leave the field blank to store the copies indefinitely.
At the next mail check from that Macintosh, Eudora ignores the copies of those
previously read messages and looks for new ones. However, if you check mail
from another computer, those messages are treated as new and are transferred to
that computer.
Note: The Leave on server option should be used with care, since it can
result in a buildup of messages on the POP server.
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Deleting a Message from the Server
To delete a message that has been left on the server (without retrieving it again),
turn on the Trash icon in the message’s icon bar or set the message summary’s
server action to Delete, then check mail again. Or, use the Delete all messages
that have been retrieved option in the Mail Transfer Options dialog (described
in the section “Checking for Mail with Special Server Instructions”).
Skipping Messages Over a Certain Size
To stop Eudora from transferring incoming messages that are too large, turn on
the Skip messages over ? K option in the Checking Mail Settings, and specify a
size. Only the first few lines of the messages that exceed that size are transferred,
with a note at the bottom stating that the whole message has not been transferred.
If you decide you want to transfer the whole message, click on the Fetch icon in
the incoming message window, or select the Fetch server action in the message
summary, then check mail again. You can also use the Trash icon or the Fetch &
Delete server action so that the message is deleted from the server after
transferring it.
If you decide you don’t want the message and want to delete it from the server,
click on the Trash icon in the incoming message window, or select the Delete
server action in the message summary, then check mail again.
Checking for Mail with Special Server Instructions
To check your mail and give special transfer and storage instructions to the server,
hold down the option key and select Check Mail Specially... from the File menu.
The Mail Transfer Options dialog is displayed. Set the options you want and
click on the OK button to continue checking for mail.
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The Mail Transfer Options dialog
The mail transfer options are described below.
Retrieve new mail
Transfer your new mail from the POP server to your Macintosh.
Send queued messages
Send all the queued messages (marked “Q”) in your Out mailbox.
Delete messages marked for deletion
Delete the messages on the server that are marked Delete in Eudora. This is for
messages that were retrieved only in part, either with the Leave on server or Skip
messages over x k options (in the Checking Mail Settings), or with the Fetch all
Message Headers option (in the Mail Transfer Options dialog).
Retrieve messages marked for retrieval
Retrieve the messages on the server that are marked Fetch or Fetch & Delete in
Eudora. This is for messages that were retrieved only in part, either with the
Leave on server or Skip messages over ? k options (in the Checking Mail
Settings), or with the Fetch all Message Headers option (in the Mail Transfer
Options dialog).
Note: To mark a message Fetch, Delete, or Fetch & Delete, either click
on the icons in the incoming message window, or select an option
from the Server Action popup of the message summary.
Delete all messages that have been retrieved
Delete all the messages on the server that have already been transferred to the
Macintosh you are on.
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Delete all messages on server (be sure)
Delete all of your messages on the server. Be absolutely sure this is what you
want to do because there is no way to undo it.
Fetch all message headers to In mailbox
Retrieve the header and the first few lines of every new message. If you select this
option, the messages are filtered but Copy or Transfer actions are not done (the
message won’t leave the In mailbox). Set the Server Action in the message
summaries to specify what you want to do with the messages the next time you
check mail.
Important: If you delete the message header, and you have the Delete
from server when emptied from trash option on in the Checking
Mail Settings, the message is gone completely from Eudora and the
server.
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Working with Mailboxes
Opening a Mailbox
To open a mailbox, select it from the Mailbox menu. To open a mailbox that is
within a folder (referred to as a “nested” mailbox), select the folder in the
Mailbox menu, then select the mailbox from the submenu (or continue selecting
subfolders until the mailbox can be selected).
Opening mailboxes
Opening Other Mailboxes
You can open a mailbox that is located outside the Eudora Folder (on a different
network volume, for example). To do this, select Other... from the Mailbox
menu. A standard file dialog is displayed asking you to select the mailbox.
Once you have opened a mailbox, it remains on the Mailbox and Transfer menus
until you quit Eudora. However, if you open the mailbox within a folder or
subfolder, it remains on the Mailbox and Transfer menus indefinitely, even if you
quit and restart Eudora.
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The Anatomy of a Mailbox
Mailbox windows are one of the most important elements of Eudora. They
contain all of your incoming and outgoing message summaries.
A mailbox window
Message Summaries
Each line in a mailbox window represents a message and is called a message
summary. To select one or more message summaries, use one of the following
options:
• To select one summary, click on it.
• To select two summaries and all the summaries between them, select a
summary, hold down the [shift] key, and select another summary.
• To make “disjointed” selections, hold down the [command] key and select
summaries.
• To select all the summaries that are from or to the same person, hold down the
option key and select a summary.
• To select a summary that best matches the letters you type, type the first few
letters of a sender or recipient’s name.
Each message summary is divided into columns: Status, Priority, Attachments,
Label, Sender/Recipient, Date, Size, Server Action, and Subject. You can show or
hide these columns using the Mailbox Columns Settings.
A message’s Status, Priority, Label, and Server Action can be changed directly in
the mailbox window. To do this, click on the message summary column you want
to change. The pointer displays as the selection symbol ( ). Hold down the
mouse button and select an option from the popup menu.
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The Status Column
This column displays the message status, which is one of the following:
•
<blank>
R
F
D
S
Q
T
-
The message has not been read (all mailboxes except Out), or is
queueable but has not been queued (Out mailbox only).
The message has been read (all mailboxes except Out), or is not yet
able to be queued because it has no recipients (Out mailbox only).
Reply has been chosen for the message.
Forward has been chosen for the message.
Redirect has been chosen for the message.
The message has been sent (outgoing messages only).
The message is queued to be sent (outgoing messages only).
The message is queued to be sent at a specified time (outgoing
messages only).
The message was transferred from the Out mailbox before being
sent.
The Priority Column
This column displays the message priority. You can use the popup to set a
particular priority, or to raise or lower the priority.
Highest priority.
High priority.
<blank> Normal priority.
Low priority.
Lowest priority.
Raise Raise the priority one level.
Lower Lower the priority one level.
For more information on message priorities, see the section “Setting the Message
Priority.”
The Attachments Column
This column displays the attachment icon ( ) if a message has attached
documents.
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The Label Column
This column displays the message label. Labels are assigned to incoming
messages by the recipient, either manually or automatically using filters (see the
section “Filtering Messages”). When a message summary is assigned a label, the
entire summary changes color to match the label color.
Note: Label colors and titles are assigned using the Macintosh Label
control panel or the Labels Settings.
The Sender/Recipient Column
This column shows the sender of the message (for incoming messages) or the
intended recipients (for outgoing messages).
To select all the message summaries from a particular sender or recipient, hold
down the option key and click on one of the message summaries from that person.
Note: Bugs in some POP servers/mail transport systems cause Eudora to
display the sender of incoming messages as [email protected]???. This is
because the required From: header is missing.
The Date Column
This column displays the date and time the message was composed, or, for timed
messages, the date and time the message is scheduled to be sent. Eudora uses two
methods of displaying date information in mailbox windows, Age-Sensitive and
Fixed (this is set in the Date Display Settings). If Age-sensitive is selected, mail
that arrives today has a time stamp, mail that arrived within the last six calendar
days is stamped with the day of the week, and mail that arrived prior to the
previous week is stamped with the date. If Fixed is selected, all mail messages are
stamped with the date and time, with the date formatted according to the short
date format in current use by your Macintosh and the time formatted according to
the current time format.
The Size Column
This column displays the size of the message in K (K = 1024 bytes).
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The Server Action Column
This column displays the action that is done to the corresponding message on the
server. The next time you check mail, the server action you requested is
automatically completed.
Do Nothing
Don’t change the message on the server.
Fetch
Download the whole message from the server.
Delete
Delete the message from the server.
Fetch & Delete
Download the whole message then delete it from the server.
Note: To control the mail transfer, you can also use the Mail Transfer
Options dialog. For details, see the section “Checking Mail with
Special Server Instructions.”
The Subject Column
This column displays the subject of the message. The sender originally typed this
information into the message header, but you can modify it (see the section
“Editing Message Subjects”).
Displaying and Resizing Columns
To specify which columns you want to be displayed in your mailboxes, select
Settings... from the Special menu, click on Mailbox Columns and be sure the
columns you want to see are on. You can also turn the separator lines on and off.
To resize a column in a mailbox window, move the mouse pointer until it is over
the dotted column divider to the right of the column you want to resize. The
pointer turns into the column resize cursor ( ).
Simply press the mouse button, drag the divider to the position you desire, and
release the mouse button. The column divider moves to the new location, and the
mailbox is redrawn.
You can only shrink a column as far as its left divider. If you do that, a double
divider line is displayed in place of the column, and its contents are hidden. To
redisplay the column, drag the right divider line to the right.
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Using the Mailbox Size Display
In the lower left corner of each mailbox window, three numbers show the size
information for that mailbox. The first is the number of messages in the mailbox;
the second is the total amount of space those messages require; the third is the
amount of disk space that is wasted with the mailbox.
A mailbox with 5 messages that takes up 3K and wastes 4K of disk space
Wasted space is created when messages are deleted from a mailbox. This wasted
space is automatically removed when the amount of wasted space in the mailbox
is greater than the amount of space the messages in the mailbox use, or if the
amount of space wasted in the mailbox is greater than 5% of the free space on the
volume that contains it.
To manually clean up the wasted space in a mailbox, hold down the command key
and click on the mailbox’s size display. Or, to clean up all your mailboxes, hold
down the option and command keys and click on any mailbox size display.
Creating Mailboxes and Folders
Eudora lets you create mailboxes to put messages in, and folders to put mailboxes
(or more folders) in.
There are three ways to create mailboxes and folders:
• Using the New option from the Mailbox menu and folder submenus.
• Using the Mailboxes window from the Special menu (see the section “Using
the Mailboxes Window”). The Mailboxes window is most useful if you want to
create several mailboxes at one time.
• Using the New option from the Transfer menu (see the section “Transferring
Messages”).
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Creating a Mailbox or Folder Using the Mailbox Menu
To create a new mailbox or mail folder, select New... from the Mailbox menu.
The New mailbox dialog is displayed.
New mailbox dialog
To create a mailbox, type in the new mailbox name and click OK. The mailbox is
created and added to the Mailbox and Transfer menus.
To create a mail folder, type the name of the new mail folder and check the Make
it a Folder option. Click OK to create the folder. The new mailbox dialog is
displayed again. Type the name of a mailbox to create within the new folder, then
click OK. The new folder and its mailbox are displayed in the Mailbox and
Transfer menus.
Creating a Mailbox Within a Folder
To create a new mailbox within a particular folder, select that folder from under
the Mailbox menu and choose New... from the submenu that is displayed.
The New Mailbox dialog is displayed. Type in the new mailbox name and click
OK. The mailbox is created and added to the Mailbox and Transfer menus. You
can also create a subfolder—just check the Make it a Folder option in the New
Mailbox dialog.
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Using the Mailboxes Window
Mailboxes and mail folders provide a structured way for you to organize
messages. The Mailboxes window lets you create new mailboxes and folders,
remove and rename them, and move mailboxes among folders.
To accomplish any of these tasks, select Mailboxes from the Special menu. The
Mailboxes window is displayed.
The Mailboxes window
The Mailboxes window has two identical lists of mailboxes and folders, each
entitled Eudora Folder (or the name of the folder holding your mail—see the
section “Mail Storage” for details). These list the names of the mailboxes and
folders you have created (folders are identified by an arrow to the right of the
name). Each list is similar to that displayed under the Mailbox and Transfer
menus, except that the In, Out, and Trash mailboxes aren’t included.
If the Mailbox window isn’t big enough to display all of your created mailboxes
and folders, use the scroll bar on the right side of either list to view the rest of the
mailboxes and folders.
Note: Double-clicking on any of the mailboxes in a list opens that
mailbox. Messages can be selected, opened, and otherwise
manipulated from there.
Double-clicking on a folder opens that folder and displays its contents in the list,
and puts the folder name in the title popup.
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Opening a mail folder
To move back out of a folder, select another folder from the title popup.
Moving up out of a mail folder
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Creating a New Mailbox or Folder in the Mailboxes Window
To create a new mailbox or folder in the Mailbox window, be sure one of the lists
is displaying the folder you want to put the new item in. Then click on the New
button below that list. A dialog is displayed requesting the name of the new
mailbox or folder.
Naming a new mailbox
Type in the new name, check the Make it a Folder option if you want to, and
click OK. The new mailbox or folder is displayed in the lists, and added to the
Mailbox and Transfer menus.
Renaming a Mailbox or Folder
To rename a mailbox or folder, select the one you want to rename (from either
list) then click on the Rename button under that list. A dialog is displayed
requesting the new name. Type in the new name and click Rename to rename the
mailbox or folder.
Renaming a mailbox or folder
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Moving a Mailbox (or Folder) from one Folder to Another
To move a mailbox or folder from one folder to another, select the one you want
to move (from either list). In the other list, open the destination folder so that its
name is displayed above the list. Click on the appropriate Move button to move
your selection to the other folder.
Moving a mailbox, before and after
Removing a Mailbox or Folder
To remove a mailbox or folder, select the ones you want to remove (from either
list) then click on the Remove button under that list. A dialog is displayed asking
you to confirm the removal. Click on the Remove It button to remove the
mailbox. If you selected more than one mailbox or folder, you are prompted for
each one of them. Click on the Remove All button to remove all of them without
further prompts.
If you choose to remove a mailbox in which messages are still stored, or a folder
in which other mailboxes or folders are stored, all the messages, mailboxes, and
folders contained within the selected mailbox are also removed.
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Deleting a Message
As a safeguard against inadvertent deletions, two steps are used to delete a
message from your Macintosh: first you put the message in the Trash, then you
empty the Trash.
To put a message in the Trash, select the message then select Delete from the
Message menu, or select Trash from the Transfer menu, or press the delete key.
The message is transferred to the Trash mailbox.
To delete the messages in the Trash mailbox (removing them permanently from
your Macintosh), select Empty Trash from the Special menu.
To delete a message permanently without sending it to the Trash first, select the
message, hold down the shift and option keys, and select Delete from the
Message menu (or use any of the deleting options).
You can set up Eudora to warn you if you try to delete unread, queued, or unsent
messages. To do this, use the Extra Warnings Settings to turn on those options.
Quitting Eudora empties the contents of the Trash mailbox when the Empty
Trash on Quit option in the Miscellaneous Settings is turned on. Finally, if you
want to delete just a few messages from the Trash mailbox, select them, then
select Delete from the Message menu or press delete. Deleting a message from
the Trash removes it completely.
Automatically Deleting Attachments
When you delete messages, you can have their attachments automatically deleted.
To do this, turn on the Trash attachments with messages option in the
Attachments Settings, and be sure the attachments are still in the Attachments
Folder (or the folder you have specified for attachments). If you have this option
on, and want to delete a message but save its attachment, move the attachment
into another folder before deleting the message.
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Transferring Messages
You can transfer messages to any of your mailboxes. There are several ways to do
this: use the Transfer menu, drag a message summary to an open mailbox, drag
an open message’s Tow Truck to an open mailbox, or drag a message to a
mailbox button on the toolbar.
To put a copy of a message in another mailbox (instead of transferring the
message), hold down the option key and use one of the transfer options above.
This is useful if you want to file a message in more than one mailbox.
If you try to transfer a message to the Out mailbox, an alert is displayed informing
you that some header information may be removed from the message during
transfer. Click Yes to transfer the message.
Note: You can undo mailbox transfers using the Undo command under
the Edit menu.
Using the Transfer menu
The Transfer menu is one way to transfer messages among your mailboxes. With
a current message open, or message summaries selected, select a mailbox from the
Transfer menu. The messages are transferred from their previous mailbox to the
mailbox you selected.
Dragging Messages
You can drag messages from one mailbox to another using the message
summaries or the Tow Truck icon in an open window.
To drag a message summary to another mailbox, select the message summary (or
summaries), place the cursor over the summary, and hold down the mouse button.
The cross pointer will change to an arrow. Drag the summary into any open
mailbox window, or onto a toolbar mailbox button you have created (see the
section “The Toolbar”). When you release the mouse button, the message is
transferred.
To drag an open message to another mailbox, hold down the mouse over the Tow
Truck icon and drag the message into any open mailbox or onto a toolbar mailbox
button you have created. When you release the mouse button, the message is
transferred.
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Creating a Mailbox or Folder During Transfer
To create a mailbox and transfer the current message into it at the same time,
select New... from the Transfer menu instead of the name of a mailbox. The New
Mailbox dialog is displayed.
New Mailbox dialog
You can create a new mailbox or mail folder (for details, see the section “Creating
Mailboxes and Folders”). When you are done, the current message is transferred
into the new mailbox.
To create the new mailbox without transferring the message into it, check the
Don’t transfer, just create mailbox option.
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Filtering Messages
Many of the e-mail management functions in Eudora Pro can be done
automatically using filters. For example, you can automatically reply to a request
for information, transfer all the messages from your children into a Personal
mailbox, and label all the messages from your customers as “Hot.”
To open the Filters window, select Filters from the Special menu. The Filters
window is displayed, and any filters you have created are listed on the left.
The Filters window with an example filter
To create or modify a filter, first click on the New button or select an existing
filter.
Second, select the options for how you want the filter to be used: as an automatic
filter to be invoked on any Incoming and/or Outgoing mail, and as a Manual
filter that can be invoked when you select Filter Messages from the Special
menu. Any combination of these options works.
Third, define the criteria for the filter: use the header item popups and the text
fields to specify which header items should include a particular string of text. You
can define two related terms for the criteria so that your filter is as specific as
possible (see the section “Filter Criteria”).
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Fourth, Define the action to be taken on messages that fit the criteria (see the
section “Filter Actions”) and save the filters.
When the filters are invoked (automatically or manually), each message is
matched against each filter, and messages that meet a filter’s criteria are acted on
as specified until a Transfer To or Skip Rest action is done. At that point, the
next message is filtered.
Note: Filters are automatically named based on the criteria for the filter.
They are invoked in order from top to bottom, and you can reorder them by dragging a filter up or down in the list.
To print your filters, open the Filters window and select Print from the File
menu. The standard Print dialog is displayed so that you can make your print
selections.
You can change the width of the filters list to create more or less space for your
list. To do this, put the arrow over the black line to the right of the list and drag
the line to the left or right.
Filter Criteria (the Match Area)
Each filter can use one or two “terms” as its criteria, connecting them as
appropriate with the conjunction popup.
Use the Header field to specify which message header items you want the filter to
search. You can select an option from the popup menu or enter one yourself (this
is helpful if you want to search for a header item that does not appear on the
menu, such as X-Priority ). The selections are as follows:
• To
• Cc
• From
• Subject
• Reply-To
• «Any Recipient»
• «Any Header»
• «Body»
The «Any Recipient» option searches all possible recipient items (To, Cc, Bcc),
the «Any Header» option searches all message headers (including hidden headers
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that are shown with the Blah Blah Blah option), and the «Body» option searches
the message body.
Use the Match Type popup to control how the header item is matched with the
text string in the text field. The match options are:
contains or does not contain
If the specified header item contains or does not contain the text string, filter the
message.
is or is not
If the specified header item is or is not a complete match of the text string, filter
the message.
starts with or ends with
If the specified header item starts with or ends with the text string, filter the
message. The starts with item refers to the first non-whitespace character after
the colon, so any spaces after the colon are ignored.
appears or does not appear
If the header item appears or does not appear in the message, filter the message
(the text field is ignored). This is useful for filtering messages based only on the
types of fields they contain.
intersects nickname
If the text string is included in a nickname (whether it is a full address or a
nickname within the nickname), filter the message.
Use the Text fields to specify the text strings that the filter is searching for.
Note: It is recommended that the contents of this field be kept as specific
and brief as possible. The greater the complexity, the less the
likelihood of a match.
Use the Conjunction popup to link the two terms. The conjunction options are:
ignore
Ignore the second term; if the message matches the first term, filter the message.
and
If the message matches both the first and second terms, filter it.
or
If the message matches either term, filter it.
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unless
If the message matches both the first and second terms, do not filter it. (This lets
you exclude certain variations of the first term.)
Filter Actions
All messages that match the filter criteria are acted on as specified with the
Actions popups. Each filter can do up to five things to a message that matches the
criteria. You can use the same action twice if it does not directly affect the
original message (for example, Copy To can be used twice, but not Transfer To).
The Action options are as follows:
None
No action.
Make Status
Assigns the selected status to messages.
Make Priority
Assigns the selected priority level to messages. If you select a set level, messages
are set to that priority. If you select Raise or Lower, messages are raised or
lowered one priority level based on their pre-filter level.
Make Label
Assigns the selected label to messages.
Make Subject
Assigns the new subject to messages. If you choose this option, the entire subject
of the message is replaced with the new subject. Use the “&” symbol if you want
to add the new subject to the old subject. For example, entering New Subject:&
results in New Subject:Old Subject.
Play Sound
Plays the selected sound when messages are received.
Open
Opens the Mailbox and/or Message when a message is received. If you set a
previous action to filter messages into a mailbox, then that mailbox is opened.
Print
Prints one copy of each message.
Notify User
Notifies you As normal and/or In report when messages are received. The As
normal option notifies you based on the options you have selected in the Getting
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Attention Settings. The In report option notifies you by displaying a filter report
that details what filter actions have been done.
Forward To
Forwards messages to the e-mail address given. Forwarded messages are placed in
the queue in the Out mailbox, and sent the next time you send queued messages.
Redirect To
Redirects messages to the e-mail address given. Redirected messages are placed in
the queue in the Out mailbox, and sent the next time you send queued messages.
Reply With
Replies to messages with the selected stationery message. Replies are placed in
the queue in the Out mailbox and sent the next time you send queued messages.
Server Options
Sets the message’s server action to Fetch and/or Delete (see the section
“Managing Your Mail on the POP Server”).
Copy To
Copies messages to the selected mailbox.
Transfer To
Transfers messages to the selected mailbox.
Skip Rest
Stops filtering for the message (the message is not matched to the rest of the
filters in the list).
The Last used field displays the date the filter was last used on a message.
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Sorting Messages Within Mailboxes
The message summaries in mailboxes are automatically sorted by date, in
ascending order (the newest messages at the bottom of the mailbox). To change
this, select the appropriate command from the Sort submenu from the Edit menu.
Or, click on any of the column headings to sort by that column.
The Sort submenu
This sorting method is “sticky,” meaning that each sort is based on the previous
state of the mailbox. For example, if a mailbox is sorted by date, and then you sort
by sender, the messages are grouped by sender and each group is in order by date.
You can change this by holding down the shift key and sorting by another
column. The original sort remains intact, but it is now grouped with the new
selection. For example, if the mailbox is sorted by sender with each group of
messages in order by date, and then you hold down the shift key and sort by size,
the messages are still grouped by sender but the groups are now in order by size.
To sort in descending order, hold down the option key and select a sort option.
To keep messages with the same subject together all the time, select the Group
Subjects option from the Sort submenu. If this is checked, messages with the
same subject are kept together in the mailbox regardless of whether you sort by
date, sender, etc. A bullet next to the Subject column heading tells you that the
Group Subjects option is active.
Note: Sometimes sorting by Date can be incorrect. This usually happens
if the messages have incorrectly formatted date fields, or unknown
or incorrect time zones.
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Finding Text Within Messages
You can find a word or a string of text anywhere in your Eudora messages, your
Address Book, or your Filters. To do this, select Find from the Special menu, and
Find from the submenu. The Find dialog is displayed.
The Find dialog with an example search
Enter the word or string of text that you want to find in the Find field. Or, if you
don’t want to type in the text, you can highlight the text in an existing message,
then select Enter Selection from the Find submenu. The selected text is
automatically inserted in the Find field of the Find dialog.
If you need to specify how the text should appear, use the Whole word and
Match case options:
Whole word
If this option is on, the text is only found if it appears by itself, and is not part of
another word. For example, if the text is “info” then the word “information” will
be passed over.
Match case
If this option is on, exact matches of the text are found, taking the capitalization
into account.
When the Find field is filled in and the appropriate options are set, you can use
one of two functions to find the text: Find and Search. Use the Find option to
find instances of the text in just the current open message, or use any of the
Search options to find instances of the text by searching mailboxes or mail
folders.
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Finding Text in the Current Open Message
To find text in the current message, verify that the Find field and options are
filled in correctly, then click Find (or select the Find command from the Find
submenu) to find the text.
Eudora begins looking for the text at the insertion point (where the cursor is) in
the message. If a match is found, the matching text is highlighted in the open
message. If no match is found, the not found alert is displayed.
To find the next occurrence of the text in the current message, click Find in the
Find dialog, or select the Find Again command from the Find submenu.
To stop Eudora while it is looking for text, hold down the command key and type
a period [.].
Searching for Text in Messages, Mailboxes, and Folders
To search for text in a certain mailbox or mail folder, first verify that the Find
field and options are filled in correctly. Then use the Starting field to specify
where you want the search to start.
Your folders and mailboxes are searched in order as they appear in your Mailbox
menu, and your messages are searched in order as they appear in your mailboxes.
The display area tells you where you are in that order using the following format:
Folder:Mailbox:Message headers (if a mailbox is directly under the Eudora
Folder, the folder name is not shown).
To change where you are in your mailboxes and messages, you can use the arrows
in the Starting field or the Choose... button:
Go to the first mailbox that has messages in it, and to the first message in
that mailbox.
Go back to the previous mailbox that has messages in it, and to the first
message in that mailbox.
Go back one message, regardless of what mailbox it is in.
Go forward one message, regardless of what mailbox it is in.
Go forward to the next mailbox that has messages in it, and to the first
message in that mailbox.
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Use the Choose... button to select a mailbox from the Mailbox menu and go to
the top of the mailbox you selected.
Once you’ve specified where the search should start, you can specify how to
search:
Summaries only
If this is checked, only the sender and subject fields of message summaries are
searched. The search is much faster when this option is checked.
Search Mailbox
Search all messages in the mailbox shown in the display area.
Search Mailfolder
Search all messages in the folder shown in the display area (even if there are
multiple mailboxes).
Search To End
Start at the message shown in the display area and search the rest of the messages
in the current and subsequent mailboxes.
If a match is found, the appropriate message is opened and the matching text is
highlighted. Select any of the Search options to search for other instances of the
text (or use the Find option to find more instances in just the current open
message).
To stop Eudora from continuing a search, click on Stop, or hold down the
command key and type a period (.).
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Saving a Message to a File
You can save a message to a separate text file on your Macintosh. To do this,
open or select the messages you want to save to text. Then, select Save As... from
the File menu. The Save As dialog is displayed allowing you to choose a name
and location for the file.
The Save As dialog
Enter the name you want to give the text file, and select the appropriate options.
Guess Paragraphs removes extraneous carriage returns from the message,
leaving returns only at the ends of paragraphs, and converts multiple spaces into
tabs.
Include Headers retains the first message’s header information in the saved
document. If this is not checked, only the body of the messages is saved.
Stationery saves the message as a “stationery” file. The Go To Stationery
Folder option puts you in your Stationery folder so that you can save stationery
files there. If you are saving an incoming message, these options are not available.
For details, see the section “Using Stationery Messages.”
Once you’ve made all of your choices, click on the Save button in the dialog.
Note: If an unread (•) message is saved to a file, its status changes to
read, regardless of whether the message was opened.
If you select multiple messages from a mailbox window and select Save As..., all
of the messages are saved to a single file with only the header from the first listed
message.
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Choosing an Application for Saved Messages
When you save a message to a file using the Save As... command, the new text
file is formatted as basic ASCII text in a Macintosh document. The document type
is determined by the program you select using the TEXT files belong to option in
the Attachments Settings.
To do this, select Settings... from the Special menu. The Settings dialog is
displayed. Then, select the Attachments Settings. Near the bottom of the dialog,
click the TEXT files belong to button. A standard file dialog is displayed. Using
this dialog, search through your disk to locate the desired application (probably
your favorite word processing program). Select the application and then click
Open. The selected application is displayed in the button.
The desired application is now selected
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Using the Address Book
and Quick Recipient List
Using the Address Book
The Address Book is where you keep information about individuals or groups that
you correspond with. Each entry in the Address Book includes a nickname for a
person or group, their full e-mail addresses, a real name, any contact information,
and any notes. You can also use the Address Book to put nicknames on the Quick
Recipient List, and to address a new message.
To open your Address Book, select Address Book from the Special menu.
The Address Book with example entries
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All of the Address Book entries are kept in files, so you can group your entries by
putting them in different files. The example above shows files for Business,
Family, and Friends (Eudora Nicknames is the default file). To show the entries in
a file, click on the arrow to the left of the file. When the arrow points down, all
the entries for that file are displayed.
You can use the View By option to display the entries using any of the fields
except the Notes field. For example, if you want to view the entries by nicknames,
select View By Nicknames. If you view by a field that doesn’t contain any data,
the entry is displayed with «».
You can find and select an entry by typing the first few letters of the entry. The
list of entries must be active (to make the list active, click once somewhere in the
list).
You can page up and down in the list of entries, use the arrow keys to move up
and down through the entries, or hold down the command key and use the arrow
keys to move up and down through the files of entries.
You can also resize the Address Book sections using the dividers between them.
Put your cursor over a line, and drag the line where you want it. This lets you hide
or display fields.
Resizing the Address Book sections
To print your Address Book entries, select the entries you want and select Print
from the File menu. The standard Print dialog is displayed.
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Creating New Entries
To create a new file of Address Book entries, click on New. A dialog is displayed
asking what you want to call it. Enter a name for the file and select Make it a file,
then click on OK to create it. The file is displayed in the list, and you can now
add entries to the file.
Creating a new file or entry
To create a new entry to be included in an existing file, click on New. A dialog is
displayed asking what you want to call it. Enter a Nickname for the entry. A
Nickname (sometimes called an alias) is an easily remembered, shorter substitute
for the e-mail addresses in the entry. Nicknames can be used in place of proper email addresses in the To, Cc, and Bcc fields of outgoing messages.
Specify which file this entry belongs in (if you have multiple files), and select the
Put it on the recipient list option if you want the nickname on your list. You
cannot create a file within a file, so do not use the Make it a file option. Click on
OK to create the entry. Then you can enter the information for that entry.
In the Address(es) field, enter the complete e-mail addresses of the people (or
person) to be included in the nickname, separating the addresses with commas or
returns (this is the only place you can use a return to separate addresses). You can
also use nicknames in this field, but be sure that any nicknames you use are
defined in their own entry. You can use a mix of nicknames and complete e-mail
addresses.
Note: Be sure there is no other information in this field except addresses
or nicknames, or your messages will be addressed incorrectly.
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In the Name field, enter the real name of the person or group. If there is just one
address for the entry, the real name and the address is included in the To field for
your recipient to see. If there is more than one address for the entry, the real name
is the only thing included in the To field for your recipients—they do not see the
whole list of recipients.
In the other fields (Phone, Fax, Postal Address, and Notes), you can enter
contact information for the person or group, and any notes to yourself. This
information is not included in outgoing messages.
It is recommended that you have at most 2,500 lines per file. If the files are too
large, they may appear collapsed in the Address Book, but you can still use all the
nicknames when addressing messages. If you have a large number of entries, you
may want to consider using a Ph server (for information, see Appendix A).
To save your changes to the Address Book, select Save from the File menu.
Changing and Removing Entries
To make changes to an Address Book entry, select the entry from the list and edit
the fields as appropriate.
To move an entry from one file to another, select the entry and drag it to another
file.
Important: If you change a nickname, but sure to correct any entries that
reference that nickname.
To remove an entry or an address file, select it from the list and click on the
Remove button. You cannot remove the Eudora Nicknames file.
To save your changes, select Save from the File menu.
Including Nicknames on the Quick Recipient List
To include a nickname in the Quick Recipient List, select the appropriate Address
Book entry from the list and click on the Recipient List option (next to the
Nickname field). The nickname for the selected entry is included on the Quick
Recipient List. If you change a nickname or remove an entry, the Quick Recipient
List is updated as appropriate. For details about using the Quick Recipient List,
see the section “Using the Quick Recipient List.”
Note: You can add mulitple nicknames to the Quick Recpient List by
selecting multiple entries. Hold down the shift key to select
multiple entries in sequence, or the command key to make disjoint
selections.
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To save your changes, select Save from the File menu.
Addressing a Message from the Address Book
You can open and address a new message from the Address Book using the To,
Cc, and Bcc buttons, or by dragging one or more entries to an open message.
To create a new message from the Address Book, select the entry to which you
want to address the mail (hold down the shift key to select multiple entries in
sequence, or the command key to make disjoint selections). Then click on To, Cc,
or Bcc. A new composition window is displayed with the selected nickname(s)
inserted in the appropriate field.
Note: You can also double-click on one entry to enter that nickname in
the To field, or double-click on one of many selected entries to
enter those nicknames in the To field.
Once the composition window is displayed, you can use the To, Cc, and Bcc
buttons to insert additional nicknames into the corresponding fields. Or, you can
drag the appropriate entries to those fields: Click once on an entry then drag it to
the appropriate field, or double-click an entry to add it to the To field.
Note: If you hold the shift key down when using the To, Cc, and Bcc
buttons, the Address Book remains current (topmost). If you hold
down the option key when using the To, Cc, and Bcc buttons, the
full e-mail address is inserted instead of the nickname.
The “Make Address Book Entry” Command
The Make Address Book entry command is used to create entries in your
Address Book, and is especially helpful for making group entries. You can use
this command from anywhere in Eudora, including the Address Book, mailboxes,
open messages, and the Directory Services window.
From anywhere in Eudora you can highlight the addresses you want, then hold
down the shift key and select Make Address Book Entry From Selection from
the Special menu. The New Nickname dialog is displayed prompting you for the
nickname of the new entry. The new entry’s Address(es) field will include all of
the addresses that you selected.
Note: If the new nickname has the same name as an existing nickname, a
prompt is displayed asking if you want to add the selected names to
the existing nickname or replace the existing nickname with the
new selection.
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In the Address Book, highlight several different entries (hold down the shift key
to select multiple entries in sequence, or the command key to make disjoint
selections), then select Make Address Book Entry... from the Special menu. The
New Nickname dialog is displayed prompting you for the nickname of the new
entry. The Address(es) field of the new entry will include the nicknames for the
entries you selected, not the real addresses.
Using the “Make Address Book Entry” command from the Address Book
In a mailbox, highlight the message(s) you want and select Make Address Book
Entry... from the Special menu. The New Nickname dialog is displayed
prompting you for the nickname of the new entry. Follow the instructions for
creating a new entry. If the current message is an outgoing message, the new entry
will include all of the addresses in the To, Cc, and Bcc fields. If the current
message is an incoming message, the new entry will include the address in the
From field. If multiple messages are current (i.e., you have several message
summaries selected in a mailbox window), addresses are taken from each message
and are all put in the new entry.
Note: The Make Address Book Entry command uses the Reply options. If
the Reply to all option is turned on (or you hold down the [option]
key), the new entry will include all of the recipients of the messages
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plus the sender. Or, if the Include yourself option is turned off,
your address is not included in the new entry.
In the Directory Services window, finish a Ph query and select Make Address
Book Entry... from the Special menu. The New Nickname dialog is displayed so
that you can name the nickname. The real name and e-mail address are included
in the new entry.
The “Finish Address Book Entry” Command
With the Finish Address Book Entry command, you can enter a unique portion
of a nickname in the To, Cc, or Bcc fields of a message, then select Finish
Address Book Entry from the Edit menu, and the nickname will be completed
for you. You must enter the characters in the nickname that make it unique, or
Eudora will not know which nickname to use. For example, if you have two
nicknames, jon and john, you would have to enter “jon” or “joh” for Eudora to
complete them.
To insert the real addresses for the entry, instead of the nickname, hold down the
option key and select Finish & Expand Address Book Entry from the Edit
menu. To set this to happen all the time, turn on the Expand nicknames
immediately option in the Sending Mail Settings.
Using Nicknames that were Not Created by Eudora
To use a nickname file that was not created in Eudora, put the file in the
Nicknames folder (in your Eudora Folder), and be sure the format is correct: One
nickname on each line with the word “alias,” a space, the nickname, a space, and
the real addresses separated by commas. For example,
alias joe [email protected]
alias group [email protected],[email protected],[email protected]
You will need to quit and re-open Eudora to see your new entries in the Address
Book.
Saving Your Entries to a File
To save your Address Book entries as a text clipping with tab-delimited entries,
select the entries you want and hold down the option key while dragging them to
the finder. To save them as a text clipping with the standard nickname format, use
the same process but do not hold down the option key.
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Using the Quick Recipient List
The Quick Recipient List is your list of often-used nicknames. If you have
checked the Recipient List option in an Address Book entry, the entry’s
nickname is included in the list.
The Recipient List option
To open a new message addressed to someone on your Quick Recipient List,
select New Message To, Forward To, or Redirect To from the Message menu,
and select the nickname from the displayed list.
To insert a nickname into a message that you have already opened, put the cursor
where you want the nickname and select Insert Recipient from the Edit menu.
To insert the real address(es), instead of the nickname, hold down the option key
and select Insert & Expand Recipient from the Edit menu. To set this to happen
all the time, turn on the Expand nicknames immediately option in the Sending
Mail Settings.
More than one nickname from the Quick Recipient List can be added to the To,
Cc, and Bcc fields of any message. If you use the Insert Recipient command,
commas are added where necessary.
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Using Directory Services
Opening Directory Services
Eudora can access two different directory services, Ph and Finger. To use these
services, you must put the name of the host machines for the Ph and finger servers
in the Hosts Settings.
To use the directory services, select Directory Services from the Special menu.
The active Ph or finger server (defined in your Host Settings) is displayed above
the query field. Or, you can select a string of text (probably someone’s name),
hold down the shift key, and select Directory Services from the Special menu.
This opens the window and inserts the string of text into the query field.
Using Ph
To look someone up using Ph, enter your query and click on Ph. The query is sent
to your Ph server, and the response is displayed in the lower section of the
window.
A Ph query and its response
Note: You can type any Ph command in the query field, except login
commands or commands requiring login. For information about
the Ph server source code, see Appendix A.
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If the “Live” Ph queries optionis on in your Host Settings, the connection with
your server is kept open and Ph queries are automatically sent to the server when
you finish typing the query text.
Note: To add the results of your Ph query to your Address Book, select
Make Address Book Entry from the Special menu (for details on
how to use this command, see the section “The Make Address Book
Entry Command”). This may not work if your Ph server is not set
up for it.
Finding Ph Servers
Some Ph servers keep a list of other Ph servers that are available on the Internet.
This is not always a comprehensive list of every Ph server out there, but it can be
helpful.
To get the list of servers from the active server (the active server is displayed
above the query field), click on the globe in the Directory Services window (next
to the Ph button). A list of servers is displayed in the results area. To go to one of
those servers and do a query, command-click on the server’s URL.
Using Finger
To use the Finger protocol, enter your query and click Finger. The query should
be in the form “[email protected]” If you omit the “@domain” segment, the host
name displayed above the query field is used (this is the SMTP host from your
Host Settings). The finger query is sent to the finger server, and the response is
displayed in the lower section of the window.
A Finger query and its response
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Addressing a Message from the Directory Services Window
You can create and address a message with the query results in the Directory
Services window.
To create a new message, be sure there are no outgoing messages already open, do
the Ph or Finger query, then click on the To, Cc, or Bcc button. A new message is
created, and addressed appropriately with the query results.
To add an address to an existing message, make sure the message you want to
address is active, open the Directory Services window, do the Ph or Finger query,
then click on the To, Cc, or Bcc button. The address from the query result is
added to the appropriate field of the current message.
Or, you can select the e-mail address from the results and drag it into the
appropriate field of the outgoing message.
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The Toolbar
The Toolbar
The Toolbar is a group of buttons that gives you easy access to your frequently
used Eudora options. You can set the buttons to correspond to your function keys
(the F keys on an extended keyboard), and you can create new buttons for most
Eudora commands.
To add a new button to the toolbar, put the cursor between two buttons
(depending on where you want the new button to go), and when the arrow
changes to a sizer, click on it. The Toolbar Button Creation dialog is displayed,
prompting you to choose a menu item or enter a key combination. This can be
almost anything you would do with Eudora, including using modifier keys with
the command. When you are done, the button is added to the toolbar, and named
appropriately.
The Toolbar Button Creation dialog
You can also drag files from the finder to the toolbar to add them as buttons.
To change what a button does, hold down the command key and click on the
button. To remove a button from the toolbar, hold down the command key and
drag the button to the trash on your desktop.
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If you put a mailbox in the toolbar, you can drag messages to it to transfer them to
that mailbox.
To set the options for displaying the toolbar, use the Toolbar Settings. There are
options to display or hide the toolbar, to display it horizontally or vertically, to
display large or small icons, names, or combinations of icons and names, to map
the buttons to function keys, and to display the corresponding function key with
the buttons.
If you choose a display option that makes the toolbar very long, arrow buttons are
added to the ends of the toolbar so that you can easily move through it and find
the button you need.
Extended Messaging Services
The Extended Messaging Services Application Programming Interface (EMSAPI)
lets you plug other software applications into Eudora. For example, you could use
a language conversion application to translate a message to another language, a
security application to automatically secure a message, or a compression
application to compress a message and its attachments.
To make an application available to Eudora, put the application in the folder
where the Eudora Pro application is, then restart Eudora. Some applications show
up in the Extended Services submenu in the Edit menu, others show up as icons
in message windows.
For information about other available applications, send e-mail to
<[email protected]> or visit the World Wide Web site
<http://www.qualcomm.com/quest/>.
Word Services
Eudora allows you to add word services to the Eudora editor for use with
outgoing messages. However, only applications that support the Word Services
Suite can be used.
To add a word service to Eudora, select Add word service... from the Edit menu.
The Choose a “Word Services” Application dialog is displayed.
First, locate the application and single-click on it to highlight it. Then click OK.
The word service is added to the Edit menu. To use this service for a current
outgoing message, select it from the Edit menu.
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Printing
You can print the current message or messages, a plain text window, selected text
within a message or text window, the contents of the Directory Services window,
and your filters, signatures, and Address Book entries. Eudora automatically
prints headers and footers on each page, giving the window title, page number,
and your return address.
To print the current message or item, select Print... from the File menu.
To print just the selected text, hold down the shift key and select Print Selection
from the File menu.
To print one copy and bypass the standard Print dialog, select Print One Copy.
Putting Multiple Users on One Macintosh
If you have a multiple-user license for Eudora, you can set it up so that more than
one user can be on a single Macintosh. This also works if you have multiple email accounts, or want to store your mail in a folder other than your System
Folder.
To do this, make a copy of the Eudora Folder for each user. The copies can be
named whatever the users want, and put anywhere they want, including on a
floppy disk or network volume.
Each user can open Eudora by double-clicking on the Eudora Settings file within
their assigned folder. They can make changes to the Settings, create new
mailboxes, nicknames, and filters, etc., and not affect other users on the
Macintosh.
Note: To give users easy access to their mail, you can create aliases for
their Eudora Settings files and put them wherever you want on the
Macintosh (the Apple Menu Items folder is a good option).
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Troubleshooting
Occasionally, you may encounter a problem or bug when using Eudora (as
indicated by an error message or some other type of symptom). Make sure that
you have the current maintenance release. If you do have the latest version of the
Eudora software, check the current README file for potential known conflicts.
The README may also contain suggestions on how to resolve some of these
problems.
This following troubleshooting table provides the corrective action for some of
the most common error messages or symptoms.
Symptom
Corrective Action
Eudora displays the following alert Mail stored in Eudora’s In, Out, Trash,
when you try to launch the
and any open mailboxes increases the
program:
amount of memory Eudora needs to
operate (mail stored in other mailboxes
“Memory is tight. You may need does not). If you have a large amount of
to close some windows, clean up mail in these mailboxes, try transferring
your In, Out, and Trash
them to other mailboxes to decrease
mailboxes, or increase Eudora’s Eudora’s memory requirements. If that
memory size”
does not stop the alert from appearing,
increase Eudora’s memory size from the
Finder: First, quit Eudora. Then, highlight
the Eudora application icon, select Get
Info from the File menu, and increase the
Preferred Size for the application.
Eudora displays the following alert If this happens, Eudora automatically
when you try to launch the
switches to your backup settings file
program:
“Eudora Settings.bkup.” Quit Eudora and
open it again. If the problem is not
“Eudora cannot continue. Error resolved, you must throw away the
opening your settings file.”
“Eudora Settings” and “Eudora
Settings.bkup” files, as they are not
repairable. When you start Eudora again,
a new Eudora Settings file will be created
for you and you will need to reconfigure
Eudora. If this problem happens
repeatedly, it may be indicative of
problems with your Macintosh.
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Symptom
Corrective Action
Eudora displays the following error This usually happens after your
when you try to check mail:
Macintosh has “hung” during a mail
check and you are now attempting to re“-ERR Maildrop lock busy”
connect to the mail server. The best thing
to do is to contact your e-mail
administrator and tell them that you have
a POPper process that needs to be
disconnected.
Note: If you are a System Administrator,
you might also want to try the
QUALCOMM popper. It has a timeout
which will reset the mailbox if the
connection closes abnormally. You can
ftp it anonymously from
ftp.qualcomm.com in the
quest/unix/servers/popper directory.
Eudora displays the following error First, verify the correct spelling of your
when you try to check mail:
POP account in Settings dialog (Getting
Started). Make sure the account address is
“There has been an error
complete, paying particular attention to
transferring your mail. I said:
the part of the address before the ‘@’
PASS and then the POP server
symbol. Second, verify that you are
said: -ERR Password supplied
entering your password correctly (make
for “<username>” is incorrect.” sure the caps lock key is off). Contact
your e-mail administrator if the problem
persists.
Eudora displays the following error If you have a SLIP, PPP, or any other
when you try to check mail:
type of TCP/IP account with your Internet
service provider, then make sure that your
“Don’t blame me, blame the
connection method in Eudora’s Settings
CTB.”
dialog (Getting Started) is set to MacTCP.
If you only have a serial dialup account
(also known as a “shell” account), then
refer to Appendix D of this document for
information on setting up the dialup
connection.
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Symptom
Corrective Action
Eudora displays the following alert: If a table of contents file for a particular
mailbox should become corrupt for one
“Mailbox <mailboxname> has a reason or another, Eudora will not be able
damaged table of contents. Shall to open the mailbox until it is rebuilt. You
I build a new one?”
will not lose any mail, though you will
lose the status information for the
messages. If this happens to you often,
you may want to have your Macintosh
checked for possible problems.
Eudora displays the following error This message indicates that MacTCP did
message when you try to check
it’s “half” to open the connection, but the
mail:
other end didn’t respond. Although it
could indicate a network problem, it
“Connection came up halfway
usually indicates that your mail server
then failed.”
does not support POP3 or that your POP3
server is not currently available. You
should contact your e-mail administrator
and inquire about the status of the POP3
service if the problem persists.
Eudora displays the following error This is a problem with your SMTP or
message when you try to check or POP3 server. It is dying shortly after
send mail:
startup. Contact your e-mail administrator
if the problem persists.
“A TCPClose command was
already issued, so there is no
more data to send on this
connection.”
Eudora displays the following error You must use version 1.5 or later of the
message when you try to receive a Apple Modem Tool. Make sure the Apple
message with an attachment over a Modem Tool Error Correction is set to
direct serial dialup connection:
“Required” and the Correction Type is set
to “Software MNP.” The attachment may
“Attachment corrupted; it was
also have been corrupted when it was
too short.”
sent. In this case, have the originator
resend the attachment.
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Symptom
Your mail server complains that
you do not have a Date header in
your mail.
Corrective Action
Eudora will not put a Date header on your
mail if you haven’t set the correct time
zone information on your Macintosh. You
can set the time zone using the Map
control panel, or, if you have System 7
Pro or System 7.5, the Date and Time
control panel. Remember to change your
time zone for Daylight Savings Time so
that Eudora can set the Date header
correctly.
Correspondents are complaining
The best solution is to turn on the Word
that lines in the messages you send wrap option in the Settings dialog
are not wrapping correctly (lines
(Sending Mail) and only press return
are broken in funny places).
when you want to start a new paragraph.
Eudora will take care of breaking your
paragraphs into lines.
You received a message containing Your screen font is probably a
columns and the columns are not
proportional font. Change your display
lining up correctly
font to a non-proportional font (such as
Courier) in the Settings dialog (Fonts &
Display).
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The Settings Dialog
The Settings dialog lets you specify how you want to use Eudora. To display the
Settings dialog, select Settings... from the Special menu.
The Settings dialog contains many categories, which are described below. The
default setting for each option is listed in brackets after the name of the option.
Note: For your convenience, some options appear in more than one
category. For example, your real name appears in both the Getting
Started and Personal Information Settings. Changing a setting in
one group changes the setting in all groups.
Getting Started
The Getting Started Settings determine the minimum user information necessary
to send and receive mail.
The Getting Started Settings
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POP account [none]
This is the address for your account on the POP server. Enter your login, an “@”
sign, and the full domain name of the computer. For example, if your assigned
login is “justine,” and the name of the computer where you receive e-mail is
“pop3.qualcomm.com” type “[email protected]” in this field.
Note: In this example, Justine’s e-mail address might be
“[email protected],” which would go into the Return
Address field of the Personal Information Settings.
Note: If you use UUCP as your mail transport, see Appendix F.
Real name [none]
This is your real name. It is included in the From field of outgoing mail.
Connection method [TCP/IP]
This specifies how you are connecting to the network. If you are using Eudora via
TCP/IP software (e.g., a direct network connection, SLIP, or PPP), select
MacTCP. If you are using Eudora without TCP/IP software, select
Communications Toolbox (meaning you are using the Communications Toolbox
software for communications). If you don’t want Eudora to attempt to make any
connections, select Offline.
Personal Information
The Personal Information Settings determine your personal information.
The Personal Information Settings
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POP account [none]
This is the address for your account on the POP server.
Real name [none]
This is your real name. It is included in the From field of outgoing mail.
Return address [none]
This is your e-mail address. It is included in the From field of outgoing messages,
and when a recipient replies, this address is used. Your POP account is used if you
do not enter an address here.
Note: If you do enter an address in this field, first test the address to be
sure that mail sent to it is indeed delivered to you. If you use an
invalid return address, no one will be able reply to your mail.
Dialup username [none]
This is your dialup username. If you use Eudora with the Communications
Toolbox, and you have a secondary user name for use during the dialup process,
enter it here (e.g., your login name on a terminal server). See Appendix D of your
user manual for details regarding how this field can be used.
Hosts
The Hosts Settings determine what servers to use, and how to use them.
The Hosts Settings
POP account [none]
This is the address for your account on the POP server.
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SMTP [none]
This is the name of your SMTP server. If the computer that your POP account is
on also runs an SMTP server, you can leave this field blank.
Note: If you use UUCP as your mail transport, see Appendix F.
Ph [none]
This is the name of your Ph server. It is necessary for doing Ph queries in the
Directory Services window.
Finger [none]
This is the name of your finger server. If you leave this blank, Eudora uses your
SMTP server as your finger server.
DNS load balancing [off]
If this is on, the workload of a community of Eudora users is spread over several
host computers. Turn this on if your network administrator tells you to.
DNS Load Balancing works by making Eudora choose a random address from the
list of addresses returned by the DNS (without DNS load balancing, Eudora will
always choose the first address from the list). If you have several machines that
can perform the exact same service, list all their IP addresses under one domain
name, then instruct your users to use that domain name and to turn on DNS Load
Balancing. Now the users are equally likely to use any one of the “balanced”
machines for the service.
Overlap POP3 commands for better performance [off]
If this is on, commands are sent immediately to your server, instead of waiting for
a previous command to be completed. This is faster, but your POP3 may not be
able to handle it.
Live Ph queries [off]
If this is on, the connection with your server is kept open with the Directory
Services Window. Ph queries are automatically sent to the server when you finish
typing the query text.
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Checking Mail
The Checking Mail Settings determine how Eudora checks for and receives your
incoming mail messages.
The Checking Mail Settings
POP account [none]
This is the address for your account on the POP server.
Check for mail every ? minutes [none]
If this is on and you enter a number, Eudora automatically checks your POP
server for new mail at regular intervals and transfers any mail addressed to you to
your Macintosh. The number you enter specifies the number of minutes between
checks. It’s a good idea to set this at no less than 15 minutes. Checking mail more
frequently puts an unnecessary drain on your POP server. This option only works
when Eudora is running. Leaving this field empty disables automatic checking
(even if the box is checked).
Don’t check when using battery [off]
If this is on and your Macintosh is running on battery power, mail is not
automatically checked (even if you have the check mail option on).
Skip messages over ? K [off, 40]
If this is on, messages over the specified size are downloaded only in part. These
messages include the first few lines, and a statement that says the message is not
complete. This can be useful on slow connections. For details, see the section
“Managing Your Mail on the POP Server.”
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Leave on server for ? days [off, none]
If this is on, Eudora copies incoming messages to your Macintosh and leaves the
message on the POP server for the specified number of days. If you leave it blank,
you mail is left on the server indefinitely. For details, see the section “Managing
Your Mail on the POP Server.”
Send on check [on]
If this is on, any messages that are queued in the Out mailbox are sent when mail
is checked (automatically or manually).
Save password [off]
If this is on, your password is remembered even if you quit and restart Eudora, so
you’ll never be prompted to enter it. Only use this option if your Macintosh is in a
secure place.
Delete from server when emptied from trash [off]
If this is on, any messages that are deleted from your Trash mailbox are also
deleted from the POP server. For details, see the section “Managing Your Mail on
the POP Server.”
Overlap POP3 commands for better performance [off]
If this is on, commands are sent immediately to your server, instead of waiting for
a previous command to be completed. This is faster, but your POP server may not
be able to handle it.
Authentication [Passwords]
This specifies which authentication technology to use: Passwords, Kerberos, or
APOP. Ask your e-mail administrator which one to use.
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Sending Mail
The Sending Mail Settings determine how Eudora sends your outgoing mail
messages.
The Sending Mail Settings
Return address [none]
This is your e-mail address.
Domain to add to unqualified names [none]
This is the domain name that Eudora automatically adds to an unqualified name.
An unqualified name is a name that doesn’t have an “@” sign followed by a
domain name. This can be used to save time when addressing large numbers of
messages to users in the same domain.
SMTP server [none]
This is the name of your SMTP server. If the computer that your POP account is
on also runs an SMTP server, you can leave this field blank.
Immediate send [on]
If this is on, the rightmost button in the icon bar of the message composition
window is labeled Send. Clicking on this button immediately sends the message
to the SMTP server. If this option is off, the button is labeled Queue and clicking
on it places the message in the Out mailbox marked ready for delivery (Q).
Send on check [on]
If this is on, any messages that are queued in the Out mailbox are sent when mail
is checked (automatically or manually).
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Use signature [on]
If this on, Eudora automatically attaches your Standard signature (if you have
one) to the end of outgoing messages.
May use Quoted-Printable [on]
If this is on, Eudora uses quoted-printable encoding when necessary, such as
when messages that contain long lines of text or special characters are sent. If this
option is off, quoted-printable encoding is never used. We recommend that you
leave this option on.
Keep copies of outgoing mail [off]
If this is on, a copy of each message you send is kept in the Out mailbox. If this
option is off, outgoing messages are put in the Trash mailbox after they are sent.
Automatically Fcc to original mailbox [off]
If this is on, replies are automatically copied to the same mailbox that contains the
original message.
Expand nicknames immediately [off]
If this is on, nicknames in message headers are replaced with the real addresses
when you switch fields.
Word wrap [on]
If this is on, a carriage return is not required at the end of each line of type in an
outgoing message. Eudora automatically wraps text to the next line, with line
breaks at roughly 76 characters per line. This makes your mail more legible to
recipients using line-oriented mail systems. It is strongly recommended that you
leave this option on.
Fix curly quotes [on]
If this is on, Eudora replaces all “curly” quotation marks in message text or
attachments with "conventional" quotation marks prior to sending the message. It
also replaces bullets (•) and en/em dashes (–/—). These marks are special
characters, and this option allows messages to be sent without using quotedprintable encoding.
Note: If your recipients have MIME, there’s no reason to use this option.
Only turn it on if most of the people you correspond with don’t use
MIME.
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Attachments
The Attachments Settings determine how Eudora sends and receives attachments.
The Attachments Settings
Encoding Method [BinHex]
This specifies what Encoding Method to use for attached documents. To change
the method for just the current message, use the Attachment Type popup in the
outgoing message window. For details, see the section “Attaching a File to a
Message”).
Always include Macintosh information [off]
If this is on, Macintosh resources and types are included in attachments if they are
basic MIME types. Be sure this is off when sending attachments to nonMacintosh users.
Receive MIME digests as attachments [on]
If this is on, MIME digests are converted to Eudora mailboxes.
Attachment Folder [none]
This specifies what folder to put incoming attachments into. To specify a folder,
single-click on the folder name button. A dialog is displayed prompting you to
select a folder.
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Trash attachments with messages [off]
If this option is on, Eudora automatically deletes an attachment received with a
message when that message is deleted. The attachment must still be in the folder
defined as the Attachments Folder. If you want to save an attachment but delete
the message, move the attachment to another folder or turn this option off.
TEXT files belong to [TeachText]
This specifies what application is used to open text files. When you choose Save
As... from the File menu, Eudora creates a Macintosh document that is saved for
the application named in this field. That way, when you double-click the saved
file, this application is used to open it. You may want to set this option to your
favorite word processing program. To change the application, single-click on the
application name button (the default is TeachText). A dialog is displayed allowing
you to select an application.
Fonts & Display
The Fonts & Display Settings determine how Eudora displays windows and text.
The Fonts & Display Settings
Screen Font, Size, and Color [Mishawaka, 9]
These options specify the font, size, and color to be used in Eudora messages and
mailbox windows. Select the color using the Macintosh color wheel.
Background Color [white]
This specifies a background color to be used in Eudora messages and mailbox
windows. Select the color using the Macintosh color wheel.
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Print Font and Size [Courier, none]
This popup menu lets you select a font to be used when you print messages using
the Print command.
Message window width [80]
This specifies the width of new and received message windows (in characters). If
you leave this field blank, the default value is 80. This setting has no effect on
what your mail looks like when it is sent. When mail is sent, Eudora wraps at or
before 76 columns.
Note: If you use a proportional font, Eudora sets the window width based
on the width of the “0” character.
Message window height [none]
This specifies the height of new and received message windows (in lines). If you
leave this field blank, the default value is 20.
Note: If the Zoom windows when opening option is turned on, received
messages window heights are automatically adjusted to the length
of the message text.
Zoom windows when opening [off]
If this is on, new mailbox and message windows automatically open to their
“zoomed” size. The zoomed size is computed on a window-by-window basis. For
mailbox windows, zoomed size is just wide enough to display the widest
summary, and just long enough to display all the summaries (but no longer than
the Macintosh display screen). For message windows, zoomed size is just long
enough to display all of the message (but no longer than the Macintosh display
screen), and as wide as the Message window width setting. Composition windows
zoom to the height specified by the Message window height setting.
Waste cycles drawing trendy 3D junk [off]
If this is on, interface items are displayed in 3D.
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Date Display
The Date Display Settings determine how the date is displayed in message
summaries.
The Date Display Settings
Date formats [Age-sensitive]
This specifies how to display the date. If Age-sensitive is selected, messages
dated today are displayed with the time, messages dated within the last six
calendar days are displayed with the day of the week, and messages dated 7
calendar days or more ago are displayed with the date. If Fixed is selected, all
messages are displayed with the time and date.
Display dates using [Sender’s timezone]
This specifies what time zone to use. If Local timezone is selected, messages are
displayed with your time and date. If Sender’s timezone is selected, messages are
displayed with the sender’s time and date.
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Toolbar
The Toolbar Settings determine how the toolbar is displayed.
The Toolbar Settings
Show toolbar [on]
If this is on, the toolbar is displayed on your desktop.
Orientation [horizontal]
This specifies the orientation of the toolbar; horizontal or vertical.
Button type [Big icons with names]
This specifies how the button names and icons are displayed.
Map function keys to buttons [on]
If this is on, the function (F) keys mimic the toolbar buttons.
Show function key labels [on]
If this is on, the function key labels are displayed in the toolbar.
Eudora Labels
The Eudora Labels Settings determine the labels that are available for messages.
You can use the Macintosh color wheel to select new label colors, and enter the
text for the label.
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The Eudora Labels Settings
To change a label title, type the new title in the text field. To change a label color,
click on the color field to display the Apple Color dialog. You can select from one
of the pre-defined colors or create your own custom color.
Getting Attention
The Getting Attention Settings determine what Eudora does when it is running in
the background and wants your attention, or when new mail arrives.
The Getting Attention Settings
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Use an alert [on]
If this is on, an alert dialog notifies you when new mail is received.
Flash an icon in the menu bar [on]
If this is on, an icon is flashed in the menu bar when Eudora needs attention.
Eudora uses two different icons—a Mail flag when you have new mail and an
envelope with an exclamation point in it for everything else.
The new mail and attention icons
Open mailbox (new mail only) [on]
If this is on, mailboxes are automatically opened when new mail arrives in them,
and the first unread message of the last unread batch of messages is selected.
Play a sound [on]
If this is on, a sound is played when Eudora needs attention. There are two
different sounds, the New mail sound (played when new mail arrives) and the
Attention sound (played for everything else). Popup menus next to these titles let
you select the sound you want from the available sounds on your Macintosh.
Say OK to alerts after 2 minutes [off]
If this is on, any alerts that announce a problem sending and receiving mail
automatically go away after two minutes. Many network problems are temporary,
so this allows Eudora to try the communication again. This is most useful if you
have automatic mail checking enabled.
Note: Turning this option on may cause some Communications Toolbox
connection tools to give you less progress information.
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Extra Warnings
The Extra Warnings Settings determine if you are warned before making a
possible mistake. Most of the warnings are displayed with an option to stop that
warning from being displayed again. If you chose that option, you can turn the
warning back on using the Extra Warnings Settings.
The Extra Warnings Settings
Try to delete unread mail [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to delete unread mail.
Try to delete queued mail [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to delete queued mail.
Try to delete any unsent messages [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to delete unsent messages.
Try to queue a message with no subject [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to queue a message with no subject.
Try to queue a message with styled text [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to queue a message with styled text. (You
can also use the Styled Text Settings to set several options related to styled text.)
Try to quit with messages queued to be sent [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to quit Eudora and you have queued
messages.
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Try to send a message whose size is more than ? k [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to send a message whose size is more than
the specified number. This number must be between 0 and 1000000.
Set a changed message back to read-only [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to make an edited incoming message
uneditable.
Empty the Trash mailbox [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to empty the Trash mailbox. Once
messages are deleted from the Trash, they are completely gone.
Try something that requires too much memory [on]
If this is on, you are warned if you try to do something that might take more
memory than you have available.
Replying
The Replying Settings determine how replies are created.
The Replying Settings
Reply to all [When option key is down]
This specifies which recipients to include in a reply. Reply to all By default
creates a reply addressed to the sender and all the recipients of the original
message. You can hold down the option key to create a reply to only the sender.
Reply to all When option key is down creates a reply addressed to only the
sender. You can hold down the option key to create a reply addressed to the
sender and all the recipients of the original message.
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When replying to all [on]
This specifies how to address a reply. If Include yourself is on, when you Reply
to all (as described above) your address is left in the address list of the new
message and you receive a copy of your own reply. If this option is off, your
address is removed from the reply message and you do not receive a copy of the
reply. If Put original To: recipients in Cc: field, not To: field is on, the
addresses of the original message recipients are moved from the To field to the Cc
field of the reply to all message. Only the address of the original sender is placed
in the To field.
Copy original’s priority to reply [on]
If this is on, your replies use the same priority as the original message.
MacSLIP Cooperation
The MacSLIP Cooperation Settings determine what Eudora does when you are
connecting to your service provider using MacSLIP From Hyde Park Software.
Normally, when Eudora or any other application tries to make a connection,
MacSLIP will automatically dial your provider and establish a connection. This
connection remains open until you close it or a timeout period elapses. The
settings below modify this behavior.
The MacSLIP Cooperation Settings
Don't make automatic checks when MacSLIP is not already connected [off]
If this is on, automatic mail checks are not done unless your MacSLIP connection
is currently running (this avoids unnecessary connections to your service
provider).
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Disconnect MacSLIP if Eudora connected it [on]
If this is on, MacSLIP disconnects at the end of a mail check when it was
connected by Eudora, but it does not disconnect at the end of a mail check when it
was connected by another application. If this option is off, MacSLIP will not
automatically disconnect at the end of a mail check, even if it was connected by
Eudora. Use this option to minimize the time you are connected to your service
provider.
Moving Around
The Moving Around Settings determine how you open messages and switch fields
in Eudora.
The Moving Around Settings
Arrow+these modifiers to switch messages [Command]
If any of these are on and there is a message window open, you can hold down all
of the keys you have selected and use the Macintosh keyboard arrows to close the
current message and open the next or previous message in the mailbox. The up
and left arrow keys open the previous message; the down and right arrow keys
open the next message. The arrow keys can be used by themselves to move the
insertion point in messages.
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After transferring or deleting or paging past end of current message, open
[Next unread message]
This specifies whether to automatically open the next message after you delete or
transfer the current message. Nothing means nothing is opened. Next message
means the next message in the mailbox is always opened. Next unread message
means the next message is only opened if the message status is Unread.
Tab to switch fields, option-tab to insert tab [on]
If this is on and your cursor is in the body of a message, the tab key moves the
cursor to the To field, and the option and tab keys together insert a tab at the
insertion point. If the option is off, the tab key inserts a tab, and the option and tab
keys together move the cursor to the To field.
Return switches among header fields [off]
If this is on, the return key inserts a carriage return into outgoing message headers.
If this is off, the return key moves the cursor to the next field.
Miscellaneous
The Miscellaneous Settings determine miscellaneous Eudora functions.
The Miscellaneous Settings
Close messages with mailbox [off]
If this is on, closing any mailbox window (except Out) closes all the open
messages from that mailbox.
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Empty Trash on Quit [on]
If this is on, the Trash mailbox is emptied when you quit Eudora. If this is off, the
Trash is only emptied when you select Empty Trash from the Special menu.
Turbo redirect by default [off]
If this is on and you select Turbo Redirect To, a redirected message is created
with the specified recipient, the message is queued, and the original message is
deleted. You can hold down the option key to do a regular Redirect.
Re-sort mailboxes less often [off]
If this option is on, mailboxes are only sorted when they are opened or mail is
added to them.
Lock whole program in memory [off]
If this is on, the whole program is loaded into memory and kept there until you
select Quit. This takes more memory, but runs a little faster. This option is only
for 68k versions.
Use old-style “.toc” files [off]
If this is on, each mailbox stores its table of contents in a “mailbox.toc” file,
instead of in its resource fork (the default in 3.0 and future versions of Eudora). If
you have upgraded to version 3.0, this is automatically on. You should turn this
off at some point so that your mailboxes convert to using resource forks.
With this option, each mailbox is converted as it is used. To convert your
mailboxes all at once (either to .toc files or to resource forks), use the TOC
converters provided with Eudora. The TOC README file explains the
differences between the two formats and how to use the TOC converters.
Convert Hesiod names to lower-case [on]
If this is on, Hesiod results are converted to lower-case, except for user names.
Include outdated Return-Receipt-To [off]
If this is on, the old Return-Receipt-To header is included in the new return
receipt header.
Write to Internet Config [off]
If this is on, preferences are written to Internet Config. Internet Config is not
supported, so this is not recommended.
Read from Internet Config (not recommended) [off]
If this is on, preferences are read from Internet Config. Internet Config is not
supported, so this is not recommended.
Correct (but slow) international sorting [off]
If this is on, slower but internationally correct string comparisons are used.
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Require control key for text/message dragging [off]
If this is on, you can only drag items when the control key is down.
Generate filter reports [off]
If this is on, a filter report is generated when messages are filtered from the In
mailbox.
Settings Icons
The Settings Icons Settings determine the display of category names and icons in
the Settings dialog.
The Settings Icons Settings
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Mailbox Columns
The Mailbox Columns Settings determine which columns are displayed in
mailbox windows.
The Mailbox Columns Settings
Show columns [Status, Priority, Attachments, Label, Who, Date, Size, Server]
If any of these options are on, that column is displayed in mailbox windows. The
Subject is always displayed.
Draw separator lines [on]
If this is on, separator lines are drawn in mailbox windows.
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Styled Text
The Styled Text Settings determine when to use style information in outgoing and
incoming messages.
The Styled Text Settings
When sending mail with applied fonts and styles [Send style information with mail]
This specifies what to do with text styles when you are sending mail. If you select
Send style information with mail, the text styles are sent with your messages.
Check the But warn me first option if you want to be warned when you try to
send or queue a message with styles. If you select Discard style information,
style information is not sent with your messages.
When receiving styles, pay attention to [Bold, Italic, Underline, Font, Size, Color,
Left/right/center, Margins]
If any of these options are on, that style is displayed in your incoming messages
(if the sender allows it).
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Menu Commands
The following sections describe each of the Eudora Pro menu commands.
File
This menu provides basic file and mail functions.
New Text Document
Create a new text file.
Open...
Open a selected (highlighted) message summary, a text file,
or a Eudora Settings file.
Open Selection
Open a selected (highlighted) message summary, an
attachment, or a mailbox (from the Mailboxes window).
Close
[option] Close All
Close the current window.
Close all windows.
Save
[option] Save All
Save the changes to the topmost window.
Save the changes to all open windows.
Save As...
Save the current message(s) to a plain text file or a Stationery
file.
Send Queued Messages
[option] Send Messages Specially...
Send all messages that have been queued for delivery.
Display the Mail Transfer Options dialog.
Check Mail
[option] Check Mail Specially...
Pick up new mail from the POP server.
Display the Mail Transfer Options dialog.
Page Setup ...
Set printing options.
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Print...
[shift] Print Selection...
Print the current message(s), or window.
Print just the selected text.
Print One Copy
Print one copy of the selection (bypass the Print dialog).
Quit
Quit the Eudora application.
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Edit
This menu provides text editing tools.
Undo
Reverse the last action taken.
Cut
Delete the selected text and place it on clipboard.
Copy
[option] Copy & Unwrap
[shift] Copy Without Styles
[option]-[shift] Copy Without Styles & Unwrap
Copy the selected text and place it on clipboard.
Copy it without carriage returns.
Copy it without the text styles.
Copy it without text styles or carriage returns.
Paste
[shift] Paste Without Styles
Paste the contents of the clipboard.
Paste it without text styles.
Paste as Quotation
Paste the contents of the clipboard as quoted text.
Clear
Delete the selected text.
Select All
Select the entire contents of a message or a mailbox.
Text
[option] Text
Apply text styles to the selected text or paragraph.
Display the Completely Plain option.
Wrap Selection
[option] Unwrap Selection
Insert carriage returns into the selection, as appropriate.
Remove the carriage returns from the selection.
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Finish Address Book Entry
[option] Finish & Expand Address Book Entry
Complete the partial text of a nickname.
Complete it and expand it to its real address.
Insert Recipient
[option] Insert & Expand Recipient
Insert the chosen nickname.
Insert the real address of the nickname.
Extended Services submenu
Use Extended Messaging Services.
Add Word Service...
Add AppleEvent-aware word processing functions to the Edit
menu.
Check Spelling
Display the Check Spelling dialog.
Mailbox
This menu lets you open a mailbox, or bring an open mailbox to the front.
In
Open the mailbox where incoming messages are stored until
deleted or transferred to another mailbox.
Out
Open the mailbox where messages you compose are stored,
where queued messages are held until actually sent, and
where copies of sent messages may be initially stored.
Trash
Open the mailbox where deleted messages are stored.
New...
Display the New Mailbox dialog to create a new mailbox.
Other...
Open a mailbox that is not located in the Eudora Folder and
add it to the Mailbox menu.
[Your Mailboxes]
Open the selected mailbox that you have created.
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Message
This menu lets you create, send, and delete messages.
New Message
Open a new message composition window.
New Message With
Create a new message with the selected stationery file.
Reply or Reply To All
[option] Reply To All or Reply
[shift] Reply Quoting Selection or Reply Quoting
Selection To All
Reply to the sender of the current message.
Reply to all the original recipients.
Reply and quote only the selected text from the sender.
(Based on the Reply to all option in the Replying Settings.)
Reply With or Reply To All With
[option] Reply To All With or Reply With
[shift] Reply Quoting Selection With or Reply Quoting
Selection To All With
Reply to the sender with the selected stationery file.
Reply to all of the original recipients with the stationery file
Reply with the stationery file and quote the selected text.
(Based on the Reply to all option in the Replying Settings.)
Forward
Forward the current message to someone else.
Redirect
Forward the current message to someone else, but make the
return address be the person who originally sent the message.
Send Again
Resend a message rejected by the mail system. Be sure to fix
whatever caused the problem before you queue the message.
New Message To
Send a message to someone on the Quick Recipient list.
Forward To
Forward a message to someone on the Quick Recipient list.
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Redirect To or Turbo Redirect To
[option] Turbo Redirect To or Redirect To
[shift] Redirect To or Turbo Redirect Without Delete To
Redirect the message to someone on the Quick Recipient List.
Redirect it, queue it, and delete the original message.
Redirect it, queue it, and keep the original message.
(Based on the Turbo redirect by default option in the
Miscellaneous Settings.)
Send Message Now or Queue Message
[option] Change Queueing...
Send the message immediately.
Queue the message in the Out mailbox.
Display the Change Queueing dialog.
Attach Document...
Attach a file to the current message.
Change submenu
Change the queueing, status, priority, or label of a message.
Delete
[option]-[shift] Nuke
Transfer the current message into the Trash mailbox.
Delete the current message permanently.
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Transfer
This menu lets you transfer current message(s) to another mailbox.
In
Transfer the current message(s) to the In mailbox.
Out
Transfer the current message(s) to the Out mailbox.
Trash
Transfer the current message(s) to the Trash mailbox.
New...
Display the New Mailbox dialog to create a new mailbox;
current message(s) may be transferred into that mailbox.
Other...
Open a mailbox not located in the Eudora Folder and add it to
the Transfer menu.
[Your Mailboxes]
Transfer the current message(s) to the selected mailbox that
you have created.
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Special
This menu lets you use additional Eudora functions.
Filter Messages
Run the manual filters for the current message(s).
Make Address Book Entry...
[shift] Make Address Book Entry From Selection...
Create an Address Book entry from the current message.
Create an entry from the selected addresses.
Find submenu
Search for the designated character string within a message,
messages, or mailboxes.
Sort submenu
[option] Sort Descending submenu
Sort the message summaries in a mailbox in ascending order.
Sort them in descending order.
Filters
Display the Filters window.
Mailboxes
Display the Mailboxes window.
Address Book
Display the Address Book window.
Directory Services
Display the Directory Services window.
Settings...
Display the Settings dialog.
Communications...
Display the Communications Toolbox settings (not needed
when using MacTCP).
Signatures submenu
Display the Signature, Alternate, or additional signature
windows.
Change Password...
Change your password on the POP server.
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Forget Password
Make Eudora forget your password so mail can’t be checked.
Empty Trash
Delete all messages from the Trash mailbox.
Window
This menu lets you work with Eudora windows.
Send to Back
Send the topmost (current) window to the back of all
displayed windows.
[Eudora Windows]
Toggle between open windows.
The Eudora Folder
The first time you start Eudora, it creates a Eudora Folder within your System
Folder. Even though you do not need to access the Eudora Folder during normal
operation, this section is provided to show you where Eudora stores your
mailboxes and messages.
Eudora Filters
Filters are saved in the Eudora Filters file.
Eudora Log
Mail transfers and errors are logged in the Eudora log file. When the file reaches
100k in size, it is saved as Old Log (replacing any existing Old Log file) and a
new Eudora Log file is created.
Eudora Nicknames and Nicknames Folder
Address Book entries are saved in the default Eudora Nicknames file. If you
have created additional files, those are kept in the Nicknames Folder. These files
are in Unix “.mailrc” format.
Eudora Settings
Settings information is saved in the Eudora Settings file.
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Signatures Folder
Signatures (Standard, Alternate, and others) are kept in the Signature Folder.
Spool Folder
Attachments that are being resent or forwarded are kept in the Spool folder until
the corresponding message is deleted.
Stationery Folder
Stationery message files are kept in the Stationery folder.
In, Out, and Trash
Mail is saved in the In, Out, and Trash mailbox files. Mailboxes that you create
are also saved in files like these. These files are in Unix spool format.
Mailbox Aliases
Eudora supports the use of aliases for mailbox that, for some reason, you have
moved to a location outside the Eudora Folder. This allows you to use these
mailboxes from within Eudora. Place the mailbox aliases in the Eudora Folder or
a subfolder within the Eudora folder.
Note: A mailbox alias is automatically created and placed in the Eudora
Folder when the Mailbox menu Other... command is used to open the
mailbox. It is then deleted when you quit Eudora. However, if the
Other... command is used to open the mailbox from within a mail
folder or subfolder, the alias remains in the Eudora folder indefinitely.
The Eudora Pro Application Folder
During the installation, the Eudora Pro folder is installed on your hard drive in the
location you specify. This folder contains the following:
• Eudora Pro, the Eudora Pro application.
• Eudora Stuff, the folder to use for EMSAPI and resource plugins that you
want available in Eudora.
• Extras, the Extras folder.
• Documentation, the Documentation folder.
• README, the text file with important information and instructions that are not
provided in this manual.
• Spellswell, the Spellswell folder.
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Extras
The Extras folder contains the following items:
• Dialup, the folder with files to be used for direct serial dialup.
• MacSLIP, the folder with MacSLIP applications and examples.
• Plugins, the folder with various Eudora plug-ins.
Dialup
The Dialup folder contains the following:
• Direct UNIX Navs, a plug-in file for direct UNIX dialups.
• README, the Dialup folder README text file.
• srialpop.shar, a program for use on UNIX systems to ensure that Eudora
can transfer mail.
• GV Modem Definitions, Apple Modem Tool 1.5 settings for all current
Global Village Modem products.
• Connection Tools, the Connection Tools folder containing the Apple
Modem and Serial Tools for the Communications Toolbox (see the section
“Installing Communication Tools”).
• Internet Service Providers, plug-in files for accessing service providers. To
use a Eudora plug-in file, drag it into your Preferences Folder or your
Eudora Folder (both are located inside your System Folder) and then start
Eudora.
MacSLIP
The MacSLIP folder contains the following:
• MacSLIP Apple Events, an application that handles AppleEvents for
MacSLIP.
• NetStat, an application that displays the current MacSLIP Script Status.
• AppleScript Examples, examples of using AppleScript with MacSLIP.
• Script Examples, examples of MacSLIP connection scripts.
Plugins
To use a Eudora plug-in file, drag it into your Preferences Folder or your Eudora
Folder (both are located inside your System Folder) and then start Eudora.
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The Plugins folder contains the following:
• README, the Plugins folder README text file.
• Esoteric Settings, a plug-in file that adds extra settings screens to the
Eudora Settings dialog. Only recommended for use by the most advanced
users.
• EudoraTables, a plug-in file for use with the Eudora transliteration function
(see Appendix E).
• Forward934, a plug-in file that makes Eudora do RFC-934 style
forwarding.
• Kerberos Settings, a plug-in file that adds the settings necessary for using
Kerberos with Eudora. Consult with your Kerberos administrator prior to
using this file.
Documentation
The Documentation folder contains the following:
• Release Notes, the release notes for this version of the Eudora software.
• MacTCP Admin Guide.sea, a self-extracting archive containing the Apple
Computer instructions for installing and configuring MacTCP. This
document is provided for system administrator reference.
Note:
This file may not be included with some Eudora licenses.
• MacSLIP Manual.dp, the MacSLIP manual in Common Ground format.
• Resources, a list of Eudora resources which can be edited with ResEdit.
• Spellswell User Manual.dp, the Spellswell manual in Common Ground
format.
Spellswell
The Spellswell folder contains the following:
• Read Me First, the Spellswell README text file.
• Spellswell 7 1.0.6, the Spellswell 7 1.0.6 application.
• Dictionary-93000+, the Spellswell dictionary file.
• Check This Document, supplementary Spellswell file.
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• IMPORTANT! Word owners, supplementary Spellswell file.
• Omnis Developers Read Me, supplementary Spellswell file.
• Word Choices, supplementary Spellswell file.
• Word Choices Table, supplementary Spellswell file.
• Dictionary Merge Utility, supplementary Spellswell file.
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Appendix A – Sources
Anonymous ftp (ftp.qualcomm.com)
QUALCOMM has an anonymous ftp server (ftp.qualcomm.com) that has
information and software related to Eudora. These are located within the “quest”
directory. Included are POP3, Ph, and password changing servers, the srialpop
program, current product information, dialup files, and more.
Eudora Information
The information in this manual was correct at the time of printing. However,
things happen very quickly in the electronic world, meaning that some of this
information may already be out of date. For the very latest information about
Eudora, send e-mail to [email protected]
Obtaining a POP Server
If you would like to run a POP server on your own UNIX system, we suggest you
use “popper.” Popper is available via anonymous ftp from ftp.qualcomm.com.
Popper versions are available for a number of UNIX systems.
VAX/VMS systems may try the “Multinet” package from TGV, or IUPOP3,
available via anonymous ftp from ftp.indiana.edu.
For VM/CMS users, there is a port of “popper” available via anonymous ftp from
vmd.cso.uiuc.edu (cd to the “POPD” directory).
Ph Server Source Code
A server for the “Ph” protocol is available via anonymous ftp from
ftp.qualcomm.com.
Password Change Server
Three sample UNIX servers for Eudora’s “Change Password” command are
available via anonymous ftp from ftp.qualcomm.com.
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Network Products Installer
The current version of the Network Products Installer disk can be had by
anonymous ftp to ftp.apple.com, dts/mac/sys.soft/netcomm subdirectory.
MacTCP
MacTCP is included in Macintosh System Software version 7.5, and (depending
on the type of license you purchased) may be part of your Eudora Pro package. If
you do not have System 7.5, MacTCP can also be purchased separately. Contact
Apple Software Licensing, <[email protected]>.
Kerberos
To learn more about the Kerberos authentication system which is supported in this
version of Eudora, anonymous ftp to athena-dist.mit.edu and begin in the
pub/kerberos subdirectory.
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Appendix B – Modifiers and Shortcuts
Modifiers
Many operations in Eudora can be implemented by holding down one or more
“modifier” keys. Eudora uses the shift, option, and command keys as modifiers.
If you use a modifier key while you pull down a Eudora menu, the menu shows
the modified commands. For a description of each command and its
modifications, see the section “Menu Commands.”
The following list shows modifiers that are not reflected in Eudora’s menus.
shift + Open Eudora
Open Eudora but do not check for mail, even if
a mail checking interval is set.
shift + Delete/Transfer
Do not open the next message after deleting or
transferring the current message.
shift + Sort
Resort within the current sort.
shift + To /Cc /Bcc
From the Address Book, do not bring the
composition window to the front after inserting
the nickname.
option + To /Cc /Bcc
From the Address Book, insert the full address
instead of the nickname (or don’t, if Expand
nicknames immediately is on).
shift + Directory Services
Open Directory Services with the selected text
in the query field.
option + Forward
Forward the message without using quote
characters.
option + Queue/Send
Open the Change Queuing dialog.
option + double-click URL
Display a file dialog to select an application to
use for that URL type.
shift + click attachment
Open the folder on your Macintosh that holds
the attachment and highlight the attachment.
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shift + Notify User
Remove the request but do not notify the sender.
option + Transfer
Put a copy of the current message in the selected
mailbox and leave the original where it is.
command + drag a toolbar button to the Trash
Remove the button from the toolbar.
command + click on a toolbar button
Change the function of that button.
command + click on mailbox size display
Compact the current mailbox.
option + command + click on mailbox size display
Compact all the mailboxes.
Shortcuts
The keyboard shortcuts for Eudora functions are as follows:
152
command + .
Stop the current action
command + 0
Open Out mailbox
command + 1
Open In mailbox
command + 6
Check Spelling
command + -
Send queued messages
command + \
Move current window to the back
command + '
Paste as quotation
command + ;
Find next
command + [
Lower priority
command + ]
Raise priority
command + A
Select all
command + B
Make the selected text bold
command + C
Copy
command + D
Delete
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Appendix B – Shortcuts
command + E
Send or Queue
command + F
Find window (search for message)
command + G
Find again
command + H
Attach document
command + I
Make the selected text italic
command + J
Filter messages
command + K
Make nickname
command + L
Address Book
command + M
Check mail
command + N
New message
command + O
Open file
command + P
Print
command + Q
Quit
command + R
Reply
command + S
Save
command + T
Make the selected text plain
command + U
Make the selected text underlined
command + V
Paste
command + W
Close message
command + X
Cut
command + Y
Directory Services
command + Z
Undo
arrows
Move from one message to another in a mailbox
(depends on your Moving Around Settings).
command + arrows
Move from one file to another in the Address Book.
enter
Select the outlined button in any dialog, alert, or
window, or open the selected messages.
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space
Open a selected message summary or close the current
message and open the next message. For long
messages, scroll the message down one page.
esc
Stop any operation currently in progress.
help
Turn Balloon Help on or off.
F1
Undo, or toolbar function.
F2
Cut, or toolbar function.
F3
Copy, or toolbar function.
F4
Paste, or toolbar function.
home
Scroll the window to the beginning.
end
Scroll the window to the end.
page up, page down
Scroll up or down through the window.
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Appendix C – Mail Transport
Introduction
Eudora uses Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) to transfer your outgoing
mail to your SMTP server machine, which in turn uses SMTP to send your mail to
the world at large. Mail from the world at large arrives on your Post Office
Protocol (POP) server, where it waits for Eudora to pick it up with POP version 3.
The mail Eudora sends and receives is constructed in accordance with RFC 822
and RFC 1521 (MIME).
POP
Check Mail
Your Macintosh
POP/SMTP
Server
SMTP
SM
TP
Send Queued Messages
The World at Large
Eudora mail transport overview
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Outgoing Mail
When you send an e-mail message to someone, Eudora uses SMTP to send the
mail to your local SMTP server computer. That computer then sends the mail to
your addressee’s computer, also (usually) by means of the SMTP protocol.
Why doesn’t Eudora talk directly to your addressee’s computer? For one thing, it
would take a lot longer for your mail to leave your Macintosh, because your
Macintosh would have to call up each addressee’s computer and deliver your
mail. For another, some computers are “hard to find;” it’s much better to let
another computer “hunt” for your addressee than to make your Macintosh do it.
Finally, sometimes your addressee’s computers won’t be available when you want
to send mail. The SMTP server handles this by holding your mail until the other
computer is ready to accept it, eliminating the inconvenience of having unsent
messages hanging around on your Macintosh.
Incoming Mail
When somebody sends you mail, other computers use the SMTP protocol to
deliver the mail to your POP server. Your POP server puts mail in your “mail
drop,” where it stays until the Eudora program picks it up. When you check your
mail, Eudora uses POP version 3 to pick up your mail and move it to your
Macintosh.
Why doesn’t Eudora use SMTP to receive your mail? SMTP works best when the
computers it knows about are always ready for mail. Unless you wanted to run
Eudora and your Macintosh 24 hours per day, seven days a week, SMTP wouldn’t
work very well for you. It also doesn’t work well in lab environments, where you
might use any number of different Macintoshes.
More Information
If you want to know more about the Internet in general, consult the book
Internetworking with TCP/IP, by Douglas Comer, 1988, Prentice-Hall ISBN
0-13-470154-2 025.
If you want to know more about SMTP, RFC 822, POP version 3 and MIME, the
official standards are:
RFC 821, “Simple Mail Transfer Protocol,” by Jonathan B. Postel
RFC 822, “Standard for the Format of Internet Text Messages,” by Ned Freed and
Nathaniel Borenstein
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Appendix C – Mail Transport
RFC 1225, “Post Office Protocol, Version 3,” by Marshall Rose
RFC 1341, “Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions,” by Dave Crocker
You can find the RFCs by anonymous ftp to nic.ddn.mil; see Internetworking with
TCP/IP for details.
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Appendix D – Dialup Eudora
Introduction
Eudora is designed for use with MacTCP or for dialup to Cisco terminal servers.
It can be used with other dialup connections as well. Complicated setups are
likely to be unreliable, but if the setup commands to connect are simple, Eudora
works well.
These instructions assume you are familiar with ResEdit, your communications
equipment and your hosts. It is suggested that one person make these changes to
Eudora and then redistribute the customized version to other users at your site.
Macintosh Requirements
To use Eudora over a dialup connection, you must have the Communications
Toolbox installed. System 7 has it built in.
Dialup Requirements
Eudora needs a “transparent” connection to your POP, SMTP, and (optionally) Ph
servers. Transparent means primarily two things:
1.
Characters Eudora sends should NOT be echoed back to Eudora. Most
systems do echo characters, so something special may need to be done to
achieve this.
2.
You must pay close attention to how carriage returns are treated. UNIX
systems routinely translate carriage returns into linefeeds; you must either
disable this on your system or teach Eudora how to deal with it.
Navigation
Eudora has a very rudimentary scripting system built in. This capability is called
“navigation” to separate it from the rather sophisticated connotations of
“scripting.”
Eudora uses a list of strings which it sends out the serial port one at a time. After
each string, it waits until there is no output from the remote system for 2 seconds
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or until a given string is matched, after which Eudora continues with the next
string.
There can be three sets of navigation strings contained in STR# resources: one is
used when connecting (Navigate In); one is used when disconnecting (Navigate
Out); and one is used when switching from SMTP to POP (Navigate Mid). You
can use ResEdit to manipulate these resources. Any of the resources can be
absent, in which case Eudora skips the navigation it would otherwise have done
with that resource.
For each function, Eudora selects an appropriate resource in the following
manner. First, it takes the name of the connection tool currently in use (e.g.,
“Apple Modem Tool”); then, it appends a space and the current type of navigation
(e.g., “Navigate In”). Eudora looks for an STR# resource with that name (e.g.,
“Apple Modem Tool Navigate In”). If that is not found, Eudora looks for an
STR# resource named after the navigation type (e.g., “Navigate In”). Finally, it
looks for specific resource ids (2400 for Navigate In, 2600 for Navigate Out, and
4200 for Navigate Mid). The first STR# resource found is the only one used.
Navigation resources can be in the Eudora application itself, in your Eudora
Settings file, or in a plug-in file. The latter is a file with type “rsrc” and creator
“CSOm” placed in your Preferences folder; use of a plug-in file is highly
recommended.
Plug-In files go in the Preferences folder.
Special Sequences in Navigation Resources
Eudora provides a set of special character sequences for use in Navigation
resources. These sequences are all two characters long, the first character being a
backslash. They are either replaced with items from your Eudora Settings, or they
modify the Navigation process.
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Appendix D – Dialup Eudora
Replacements
These special characters are replaced with strings. They can appear at any place in
a navigation string.
\u
POP account user name.
\h
POP account host name.
\p
POP account password.
\s
SMTP server host name.
\U Dialin user name.
\P Dialin password.
\n
A linefeed (ASCII 10).
\r
A carriage return (ASCII 13).
\\
A single backslash character.
\^ Enter a prompt for the \a modifier.
\a Ask the user for something.
\c Cancel if a string appears.
When \^ appears, all the text after it (up until the end of the string or the next ‘\’)
goes into a prompt string, that will be used with the \a modifier.
When \a appears, a dialog will be used to ask the user to type something. What the
user types will be used where the ‘\a’ appears.
Example: \^Enter the SecureId code below:\a\r
This will put up a dialog with the prompt “Enter the SecureId code below:”, and
then wait for the user to type in the code. The code will then be sent, along with a
carriage return.
\c is used to enter text that will abort the navigation process. The text is valid
ONLY for the duration of the particular string it appears in. If you wish to look
for it in another string, you must specify it again.
Example: \P\r\eaccepted\cdenied
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Eudora will send the dialin password and a return, then wait until it sees either
“accepted” (in which case the navigation process will continue) or “denied”
(which will abort the navigation process and the mail transfer).
Modifiers
\b Hide from Progress window.
\D Delay.
\B Break.
\e
Expect something.
\b – when this appears as the first character in a given a string, Eudora won’t print
the string in the Progress window when it is sent. This is useful for passwords or
other state secrets.
\D – should be the first character in the string and followed only by digits or an
expect string. The digits are taken as a number of seconds to delay (e.g., “\D2” is
a two-second delay). As with other strings, Eudora will wait for output to stop for
two seconds, or for an expect string, before proceeding.
\B – should be the first character in the string and followed only by digits or an
expect string. The digits are taken as the number of ticks (60ths of a second) to
send a break signal (e.g., “\B30” is a half-second break). As with other strings,
Eudora waits for output to stop for two seconds, or for an expect string, before
proceeding.
\e – makes Eudora expect to see a specific string in the output from the dialup
server. Eudora sends whatever comes before the \e, and then waits for whatever
comes after it to occur in the data sent from the host. There are two caveats to this.
First, Eudora only matches on the first 7 bits; the high bit of each character is
ignored for matching. This is needed for systems that use parity. Second, Eudora’s
matching is fast and sloppy; highly repetitive data streams and long expect strings
might fool it (for example, Eudora wouldn’t see “Login:” if your server said:
“LogLogin:”).
Eudora follows its normal time-out process when looking for an expect string.
That is, after 45 seconds Eudora asks you if you want to keep waiting or cancel
the process. If you cancel, the connection process is stopped.
If you use either of the password replacement sequences (“\p” for your POP
account password or “\P” for your dialup password) in the same string as an
expect, Eudora assumes the password is wrong if the expect string isn’t found.
This causes Eudora to ask for your password the next time it tries to connect.
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Appendix D – Dialup Eudora
Connecting to Servers
Once the navigation is done, Eudora issues a command to connect to the proper
port of the server you are using. Once this command is sent, the connection
MUST be transparent, as discussed above; no echoes and no carriage return
translation. Eudora comes configured to send the command:
telnet hostname portnumber /stream<return>
The “<return>” means a carriage return in this document only; you must type
actual carriage returns in ResEdit. A template for the command is kept in 7400.13
(“7400.13” is shorthand for STR# resource id 7400, string 13). The template
begins life as “telnet %p %d /stream\n”. The %p is replaced with the hostname
and the %d with the port number. It is acceptable to change this string however
you please, except that %d, if it is used, must come after %p. The best way to
change this string is not to modify it, but to override it. You can do this by
creating an ‘STR ’ resource of id 7413 and putting the string you want Eudora to
use in that.
A Return By Any Other Name
When Eudora is communicating with your POP or SMTP server, it’s important
that they agree on what constitutes a line. The Internet specification stipulates that
a line ends with a carriage return followed by a linefeed. Most UNIX systems will
“helpfully” translate carriage returns into linefeeds. If you can’t get that feature
turned off, it may help to make Eudora send only a carriage return, and not the
carriage return/linefeed pair. You can edit 6000.17 to be what you want Eudora to
send at the end of a line. The best way to change this string is not to modify it, but
to override it. You can do this by creating an ‘STR ’ resource of id 6017 and
putting the string you want Eudora to use in that.
An Example: Direct Connection To A Unix Machine
Here’s a suggested connection method if your Macintosh has a serial line to a
UNIX machine, or if there are modems on your Macintosh and UNIX machine.
1.
Install the srialpop program on your UNIX system. Source to this is part
of the Eudora distribution.
2.
Put the following strings in the “Navigate In” resource.
1:
\r\r\r\egin:
2:
\u\r\eword:
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3.
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3:
\p\r\r\r\e%
4:
exec srialpop
Put one empty string in the “Navigate Mid” resource.
Resources for dialing directly into a UNIX machine.
Srialpop takes care of the terminal settings for you.
Note: A plug-in with these strings in it is part of the Eudora distribution.
The file name is “Direct UNIX Navs.”
Need More Options?
If Eudora’s scripting isn’t adequate for you, one alternative is the Calypso
connection tool. It lets you use CCL scripts for the connection/disconnection
process. Calypso can be found on major Macintosh archive sites.
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Introduction
This appendix discusses in detail how Eudora handles character sets and character
set transliteration.
Terminology
Before discussing how Eudora handles character sets, there are some terms that
need to be defined.
A character is a basic unit of written language; a letter, number, punctuation mark
(or in some languages, a whole word or phrase). Major modifications to a letter
(for example, capitalization or the addition of an accent mark) make that letter a
separate character unto itself. “A”, “a”, “à”, and “á” are all different characters, as
are “B”, “0”, “.”, and so on.
A character code is a number that is used to represent a given character. Since
computers really work only with numbers, character codes are required to allow
computers to deal with letters, words, and even user manuals.
A character set is a group of characters and their character codes. For example,
we might decide to base a character set on the English alphabet, and simply
number the capital letters from 1 to 26:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
A Simple Character Set
Now, if we wanted to spell “CAT”, we’d use the numbers 3, 1, and 20.
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The “US-ASCII” Character Set
The character set described above is a simple one. Too simple, in fact. What if
you want to spell “The cat sat on the mat.”? You can’t, because there are only
capital letters and no space or period. A long time ago, a character set was devised
to fit much common United States English usage. This character set has come to
be known as “US-ASCII.” It is considerably richer than just capital letters:
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 tab
10 lf
11
12
13 cr
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
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o
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125
126
127
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
The US-ASCII Character Set
Using US-ASCII, you can write “The cat sat on the mat.”, using this sequence of
numbers: 84, 104, 101, 32, 99, 97, 116, 32, 115, 97, 116, 32, 111, 110, 32, 116,
104, 101, 109, 97, 116, 46.
The US-ASCII character set is the one in widespread use on the Internet. Most
Internet programs assume you are using it, and most Internet programs don’t
support any other. However, what if you want to write “André sat on the mat.”?
There is no character code in US-ASCII for “é”; so how do you tell the computer
what you mean?
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Appendix E – Character Sets
The Macintosh Character Set
The Macintosh allows us to describe our friend André’s perching habits. The most
common Macintosh character set has a character code for “é”, as well as many
other non-US characters.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 tab
10 lf
11
12
13 cr
14
15
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
Ä
Å
Ç
É
Ñ
Ö
Ü
á
à
â
ä
ã
å
ç
é
è
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
ê
ë
í
ì
î
ï
ñ
ó
ò
ô
ö
õ
ú
ù
û
ü
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161
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ß
®
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™
´
¨
≠
Æ
Ø
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∞
±
≤
≥
¥
µ
∂
∑
∏
π
∫
ª
º
Ω
æ
ø
192
193
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202
203
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¿
¡
¬
√
ƒ
≈
∆
«
»
…
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
–
—
“
”
‘
’
÷
◊
ÿ
Ÿ
⁄
¤
‹
›
fi
fl
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
‡
·
‚
„
‰
Â
Ê
Á
Ë
È
Í
Î
Ï
Ì
Ó
Ô
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255

Ò
Ú
Û
Ù
ı
ˆ
˜
¯
˘
˙
˚
¸
˝
˛
ˇ
À
Ã
Õ
Œ
œ
The Macintosh Character Set
As you can see, the Macintosh character set is much larger than US-ASCII. In
fact, it’s twice as large. The first half (character codes from 0 to 127) of the
Macintosh character set is the same as US-ASCII. However, there are another 128
characters, with character codes from 128 to 255.
So, using the Macintosh character set, we can write “André sat on the mat.”,
because there is a character code for “é”, 142.
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Eudora User Manual
The ISO Latin-1 Character Set
Unfortunately, not everyone uses a Macintosh, so not everyone has access to the
Macintosh character set. The character sets that other computers use vary greatly.
Most of them use character sets that are the same as US-ASCII for character codes
from 0 to 127. However, if they provide characters beyond US-ASCII, they often
do so with character codes other than the ones chosen by the Macintosh. That is,
on some computers “é” doesn’t have a character code of 142, but might instead
have a character code of 237. So, if they sent you some text with “André” in it, it
would come out on your screen as “AndrÌ”, which would not be terribly effective.
In order to solve this sort of problem, some standard character sets have been
agreed to. One popular character set is called “ISO Latin-1,” or “ISO-8859-1.”
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 tab
10 lf
11
12
13 cr
14
15
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
144
145
146
147
148
149
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151
152
153
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155
156
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159
32
33
34
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Î
Ï
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à
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ä
å
æ
ç
è
é
ê
ë
ì
í
î
ï
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
Ñ
Ò
Ó
Ô
Õ
Ö
Ø
Ù
Ú
Û
Ü
†
fi
ß
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
ñ
ò
ó
ô
õ
ö
÷
ø
ù
ú
û
ü
´
y
ÿ
The ISO Latin-1 Character Set
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Appendix E – Character Sets
One computer can tell another “Let’s use ISO Latin-1,” and then both computers
will know that the character code for “é” is 233 when they’re talking to each
other, even though one may usually use 142, and the other might usually use 237.
Quoted-Printable Encoding
There is, however, a problem with using the ISO Latin-1 character set. SMTP (the
protocol used to move mail around the Internet) cannot use character codes
greater than 128. So our beautiful “é”, with its character code of 233, cannot be
sent over the Internet. If you try, chances are it will get 128 subtracted from its
value, making it 105, which is “i”. “André” becomes “Andri”, which just won’t
do.
This problem is avoided by the use of “quoted-printable” encoding. To represent a
character using quoted-printable encoding, your mailer converts the value of the
character to two hexadecimal digits and precede them with an equals sign. So, “é”
becomes “=E9” while your mail is being sent. Your recipient’s mailer then
changes the “=E9” back into an “é” and:
«Il est démontré, disait-il, que les choses ne peuvent être autrement;
car tout étant fait pour une fin, tout est nécessairement pour la
meilleure fin.» -- Voltaire, “Candide”
Quoted-printable encoding is a wonderful thing when it works. The problem is
that not all mailers are as forward-thinking as Eudora, and they do not all support
MIME. If your recipient doesn’t have MIME, they can find the presence of
quoted-printable encoding to be more objectionable than the mangling of a few
special characters. They may wish they could get “André”, but if they can’t, they
might rather have “Andri” than “Andr=E9”.
Also, if quoted-printable encoding is used, it affects more than just international
characters. Since “=” is used in the encoding, it must be encoded specially, and all
the equals signs in your mail will be turned into “=3D” while your mail is sent.
Moreover, mail encoded in quoted-printable must have lines no more than 76
characters long; lines longer than that will be split in two, and an equals sign
placed at the end of the first line. All this damage gets repaired if the recipient has
a MIME mailer, but if they don’t, it can be quite unpleasant.
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Eudora User Manual
Disabling Quoted-Printable Encoding
If your recipient doesn’t have a MIME mailer, there are several ways to avoid
using quoted-printable encoding. These are described below.
Don’t Use International Characters
The simplest way to avoid quoted-printable is to not use any international
characters. Avoid “André”, and Eudora won’t use quoted-printable. However,
there is a catch to this; when Eudora sends plain text attachments and the Always
As Documents switch is off, Eudora will always use quoted-printable encoding
for the attachment. This is because Eudora has to decide whether or not to use
quoted-printable before it begins sending the attachment, when it doesn’t yet
know if the attachment contains special characters. Eudora errs on the side of
caution, and always uses quoted-printable for plain text attachments.
Use Fix Curly Quotes
The Fix Curly Quotes switch is a way to avoid using quoted-printable if your mail
contains just a few select special characters; namely the “curly quotes” (“”‘’),
bullet (•), and en and em dashes (– and —). Since these characters often appear in
Macintosh documents, but have very reasonable US-ASCII equivalents, some
users choose to have these characters changed into US-ASCII. If you turn Fix
Curly Quotes on, these characters will be changed into US-ASCII, and they won’t
invoke quoted-printable.
Use the US-ASCII Transliteration Table
Another way to avoid quoted-printable is to install EudoraTables and choose the
US-ASCII transliteration table (see the section “Transliteration Tables”). This
maps all international characters to their nearest US-ASCII equivalents. “André”
will become “Andre”; not great, but perhaps better than “Andri” or “Andr=E9”.
Turn Off the QP Icon
The QP icon on the icon bar of a composition window controls whether or not
Eudora is allowed to use the quoted-printable encoding. If you uncheck the QP
icon, Eudora won’t use quoted-printable for that message, no matter what.
Turn Off the May Use QP Switch
The May Use Quoted-Printable option in the Sending Mail Settings dialog
controls the default setting of the QP icon. If you turn this off, messages you
create will never use quoted-printable encoding.
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Transliteration Tables
When Eudora sends mail that includes characters like “é”, it normally
“transliterates” them (Eudora changes the character code from the Macintosh
character set to the ISO Latin-1 character set). So, “é” gets changed from 142 (the
Macintosh character code) to 233 (the ISO Latin-1 character code). When Eudora
receives mail, the reverse is done, and 233 becomes 142.
This process is controlled by “transliteration tables” (“tables” for short) which are
stored as ‘taBL’ resources. A table consists of 256 numbers. Tables are used by
using the character code to be transliterated as an index into the table, and
replacing it with the value found at that position in the table. For example, when
transliterating an “é” from the Macintosh character set to ISO Latin-1, we look at
place 142 in the table (142 is the Macintosh character code for “é”); there we find
a 233 (the ISO Latin-1 character code for “é”), and so we replace 142 with 233.
Eudora comes with five ‘taBL’ resources. Their resource id’s and purposes are:
1001
ISO Latin-1 to Macintosh. This table is used to transliterate from
character codes in ISO Latin-1 to character codes in the Macintosh
character set.
1002 Macintosh to ISO Latin-1. This table is used to transliterate from the
Macintosh character set to the ISO Latin-1 character set.
1003 Identity table. This table is provided as a reference for people who
wish to write their own tables.
1004 Fix curly quotes table. This table is used by the Fix Curly Quotes
switch, for people who would rather stick to US-ASCII where
possible.
1005 US-ASCII. This table is used to transliterate file names for
attachments.
More Tables
If ISO-Latin-1 is not the character set for you, it is possible to get Eudora to offer
you more choices. Simply drag the EudoraTables document into your Preferences
Folder:
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Eudora User Manual
Installing the EudoraTables document
Once EudoraTables has been installed, launch Eudora. The Change menu now has
some new choices. These choices allow you to control how your mail is
transliterated.
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Menus with Transliteration Tables
Incoming Messages
The table (if any) that is being used to display the current message is checked.
The table that is used by default (if any) to view messages is outlined.
To change the table that is used to display a message, select the table you want to
use from the Transliteration submenu. The message is redisplayed using that
table, and that table is used to display the message from then on.
Outgoing Messages
The table (if any) that is used when the current message is sent is checked. The
table that is used by default (if any) when sending messages is outlined.
To change the table that is used to send the message, select the table you want to
use from the Transliteration submenu.
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Eudora User Manual
Default Tables
If you usually want to view or print your mail with a particular table, hold down
the [shift] key when selecting the table from the Transliteration submenu for an
incoming message. The table title is outlined in the Transliteration submenu to
show that it is the default table, and from then on your messages are viewed with
that table, unless you specify otherwise.
Note: If an incoming message uses MIME and Eudora knows the
character set the message uses, the message is transliterated
before it is stored, and a viewing table is not needed or used.
If you usually want to use a particular table for outgoing mail, hold down the
[shift] key when selecting the table from the Transliteration submenu for an
outgoing message. The table title is outlined in the Transliteration submenu to
show that it is the default table, and from then on your messages are sent using
that table, unless you specify otherwise.
To clear the default table, hold down the [shift] key and select the outlined table
from the appropriate menu. The default then becomes no table.
No Table At All
If you want a particular message not to be displayed (or sent) with any table,
select the Transliteration submenu. The table in effect for that particular message
is checked. Choose the checked item; the check mark is erased and no table is
used when that message is displayed (or sent).
Summaries
For non-MIME mail, the sender and subject lines are run through the default
viewing table when mail arrives, and placed in the message summary (for display
in mailbox windows and in the editable subject area). Subsequent viewing table
changes won’t affect the summaries. For incoming MIME mail, no such
transliteration is done, because MIME has a mechanism for specifying character
sets in names and subjects.
Ph and Finger
Ph and finger queries are transliterated according to the tables chosen at the
bottom of the window:
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Controlling transliteration in the Ph window
What you type is transliterated with the “Query Table,” and the server’s response
is transliterated with the “Result Table.”
Attachments
Transliteration tables are normally not used when sending or receiving
attachments, unless those attachments are plain text documents. If the attachments
are plain text documents, they will be transliterated if the Always include
Macintosh information option is turned off, or if the “AppleDouble” attachment
type is chosen.
Creating New Tables
If you are trying to use a character set that Eudora doesn’t understand, you can
build tables for it. You will need to create two ‘taBL’ resources, and probably
your own ‘euTM’ resource as well.
Choosing Resource Id’s
You need to choose two resource id’s for your tables. These id’s should be
consecutive, with the lower-numbered id being odd. The odd-numbered id is used
for incoming mail, and the even-numbered table is used for outgoing mail. In
order to avoid id conflicts, take the Macintosh country code, multiply by 10, add
2000, and add 1 if the table is for incoming mail, or 2 if the table is for outgoing
mail. For example, the table that maps Swedish ASCII to Macintosh characters is:
10*7 (seven is the country code for Sweden) + 2000 + 1 (since the table is used
for receiving mail), or 2071.
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Appendix E – Character Sets
Eudora User Manual
Creating the ‘taBL’ Resources
Once you’ve chose id’s, make the ‘taBL’ resources. ResEdit’s general editor
works quite well for tables. You will probably wish to copy the ‘taBL’ resource id
1003 to serve as a starting point. That way, you only need modify the parts of the
Macintosh character set that need to be transliterated. The names of the resources
will be used in the menus, so name the table resources descriptively. It’s also a
good idea to create your resources in a “plug-in” file; a file with type ‘rsrc’ and
creator ‘CSOm’. That way, users can easily install and remove your table, and
your table won’t get wiped out if they upgrade their copy of Eudora or
EudoraTables.
Creating an euTM
The ‘euTM’ resource is used for naming character sets. Character sets must be
named so that mailers know which character set is being used. The official MIME
names for character sets are often very unpleasant. For example, the name for a
common Swedish character set is “SEN_850200_B.”
Part of an euTM Resource
The ‘euTM’ resource is a list of resource id’s and names. When Eudora is sending
mail, it will subtract 1 from the table’s resource id, then look for that resource id
in all the ‘euTM’ resources it can find. When it finds a matching id, the name
corresponding to the id is used.
For example, a user choosing the Mac->se table would be using table id 2072.
Eudora subtracts one, finds 2071 in the second position in the ‘euTM’ resource,
and sends the mail with a character set name of “SEN_850200_B.”
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Appendix E – Character Sets
When receiving mail, the process is reversed; the character set name is looked up,
the resource id found, and that transliteration table used for the mail.
For your table, you should create an ‘euTM’ resource, list the resource id of your
table (only the odd id), and the name that should be used in mail for the character
set.
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Appendix F – Using UUCP
Introduction
Eudora works with UUCP in almost exactly the same way as it works with the
POP and SMTP servers. Attachments are supported, as is regular mail checking
and the other features. It is possible to mix methods; for example, you can use
UUCP for reading mail but SMTP for sending it.
Eudora does not come with UUCP. Three available Macintosh UUCP systems are
“uupc 3.0” ([email protected]), “gnuucp” ([email protected]) and
“UUCP/Connect” (formerly “µAccess,” [email protected]). “UUCP/Connect”
is commercial; the other two are freeware. Eudora has been tested with all three
packages; it works well with uupc 3.0 and UUCP/Connect, but it does not work
very smoothly with gnuucp.
Settings Dialog for UUCP
Personal Information Settings for UUCP
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Appendix F – Using UUCP
Eudora User Manual
Hosts Settings for UUCP
POP Account
If you are going to receive mail via UUCP, you should put the full path name of
your “mail drop” (the file where UUCP leaves mail for you) in the POP account
field. Precede the name with an exclamation point.
MacTCP/Communications Toolbox
This setting doesn’t matter if you’re doing pure UUCP mail. If you’re trying to
mix UUCP with SMTP or POP, set this to whatever is appropriate for your SMTP
or POP connection.
SMTP Server
If you want to send mail via UUCP, several items have to go in the SMTP field.
Each one should be preceded by an exclamation point. The items are, in order:
mac - the UUCP name of your Macintosh.
spoolpath: - the full path name of the UUCP working directory.
user - your user name on your Macintosh.
0000 - a four-digit sequence number; will be incremented by Eudora.
Return Address
If you use UUCP for reading your mail, you must put your correct return address
in the Return address field. It is absolutely vital that this address be correct. If
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Appendix F – Using UUCP
it’s wrong, no one is able to reply to your mail and the mail transport system is
unable to tell you your mail can’t be delivered.
Operation
Almost all Eudora features work normally with UUCP. The one exception is the
Leave on server option. When Eudora is used with POP and this option is on, only
unread mail is downloaded. With UUCP, however, Eudora does not distinguish
between read and unread mail; it downloads all the mail at each check. This
results in duplicate messages, unless you use some other means to clean out your
mail drop between Eudora checks. It is suggested that this option remain off when
using UUCP.
Internals
Mail Drop Format
Eudora expects the mail drop to be in standard UNIX mailbox format, with UUCP
envelopes (“From ” lines) at the beginning of each message. The mail drop should
use carriage returns (not line feeds) for new lines.
Working Files
When sending mail, Eudora creates two files in the UUCP work directory. These
files are:
D.mac0####
The message itself is put in this file. As distributed, Eudora uses returns for new
lines in this file. That can be changed by editing the last characters of STR#
resource id 8000, string 5; Eudora will use whatever nonprintable characters are at
the end of the string. The mail begins with a UUCP envelope. The “####” stands
for the four-digit sequence number mentioned in the section “SMTP Server.” It
increments as each message is sent.
X.mac0####
Commands for the UUCP system are put in this file. These commands are all
editable via ResEdit; they are distributed with returns at the ends.
U user mac
; identifies you (STR# id 8000, string 1)
F D.mac0####
; this file contains your message (8000,2)
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I D.mac0####
; use your mail for input (8000,3)
C rmail recipient...
; all recipients of the mail are listed here (8000,4)
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Appendix G – MIME and Mapping
What is MIME?
“MIME” stands for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions. MIME serves two
major purposes – it allows mail applications to tell one another what sort of data is
in mail, and it also provides standard ways for mail applications to encode data so
that it can be sent through the Internet mail system.
MIME Encodings
The Internet uses the “SMTP” protocol to move mail around. SMTP is limited to
the US-ASCII character set (see Appendix E). This is a problem for people who
speak languages other than American English and so need accented characters or
non-American letters, or for people who want to use special symbols like section
mark (§).
MIME provides a way around this restriction. It offers two encodings, “quotedprintable” and “base64.” These encodings use US-ASCII character codes to
represent any sort of data you like, including special characters or even non-text
data.
“Quoted-printable” is used for data that is mostly text, but has special characters
or very long lines. It’s very simple. Quoted-printable looks just like regular text,
except when a special character is used. The special character is replaced with an
“=” and two more characters that represent the character code of the special
character. So, a section mark (§) in quoted-printable looks like “=A8”.
However, there are some other things that quoted-printable does. For one, since it
uses an “=” to mean something special, equal signs must themselves be encoded
(as “=3D”). Second, no line in quoted-printable is allowed to be more than 76
characters long. If your mail has a line longer than 76 characters, the quotedprintable encoding will break your line in two and put an “=” at the end of the first
line, to signal to the mail reader at the other end that the two lines are really
supposed to be all one line. Finally, a few mail systems either add or remove
spaces from the ends of lines. So, in quoted-printable, any space at the end of a
line gets encoded (as “=20”), to protect it from such mail systems.
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Let’s try an example. Here’s a passage of text that you might type on your
Macintosh:
«Il est démontré, disait-il, que les choses ne peuvent être
autrement; car tout étant fait pour une fin, tout est nécessairement
pour la meilleure fin.»
Without any encoding, this might show up on your recipient’s screen as:
+Il est dimontri, disait-il, que les choses ne peuvent btre
autrement; car tout itant fait pour une fin, tout est nicessairement
pour la meilleure fin.;
This corruption happens because SMTP cannot handle the special characters.
However, if you and your recipient both have MIME, quoted-printable encoding
would be used, and your text would show up properly:
«Il est démontré, disait-il, que les choses ne peuvent être
autrement; car tout étant fait pour une fin, tout est nécessairement
pour la meilleure fin.»
While your mail was actually in transit, however, it would have looked like:
=ABIl est d=E9montr=E9, disait-il, que les choses ne peuvent =EAtre
=
autrement; car tout =E9tant fait pour une fin, tout est n=E9cessairement =
pour la meilleure fin.=BB
Base64 encoding is another way to protect binary data from the SMTP mail
system. However, Base64 makes no attempt to be legible, and is most appropriate
for non-text data.
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Appendix G – MIME and Mapping
MIME Labeling
The other important part of MIME is that it lets mailers communicate what kind
of data is in a message (or part of a message). The primary mechanism used for
this is the Content-Type header:
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=iso-8859-1
A content-type header is divided into three parts; the content type, the content
subtype, and the parameters. In this case, the content type is “text,” meaning the
message contains mostly legible text. The content subtype is “plain,” which
means there aren’t any formatting commands or anything like that embedded in
the text. Finally, “charset=iso-8859-1” is a parameter; in this case it identifies the
character set the message uses.
The major content types are:
text
legible text
image
pictures and graphics
audio
sound
video
moving pictures
message
messages or pieces of messages
multipart
several different kinds of data in a single message
Practical Issues
There are really only two things you sometimes need to do with Eudora and
MIME. One is that it may occasionally be necessary to turn off quoted-printable
encoding. Another is that you may want to know how to define mappings between
MIME types and Macintosh types.
Turning Off Quoted-Printable
Eudora automatically uses quoted-printable encoding if your mail contains special
characters. Eudora also uses quoted-printable encoding for attached plain text
files. If your recipients don’t have MIME, quoted-printable can hurt more than it
helps. If that’s the case, just turn off the QP icon when you are sending text files
to those recipients.
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Mapping Between MIME Types and Macintosh Types
When you send attached files to other Eudora users, Eudora automatically knows
what kind of data is in the files, because Eudora sends along special information
with the file. However, if you’re sending the file to a non-Macintosh user, or
receiving files from a non-Macintosh user, it’s important to get the right MIME
type information on the file, or for Eudora to understand what the MIME type
information means.
Eudora knows about some MIME types. However, since new MIME types are
being defined all the time, it may be necessary to add to Eudora’s knowledge from
time to time. If you’re familiar with ResEdit, this isn’t too hard to do.
The way Eudora maps between MIME and Macintosh types is with EuIM and
EuOM resources. EuOM resources are used for sending attachments, EuIM for
receiving. They have the same basic structure.
EuOM and EuIM resources are lists of individual elements called “maps.” Each
map describes a Macintosh document type (or MIME data type) and then lists
what MIME data type (or Macintosh document type) it corresponds to. For any
given type, Eudora looks through all the maps in all the EuOM or EuIM
resources, and uses the best match.
Note: EuOM and EuIM resources are also used when uuencoding and
uudecoding files, so that filename suffixes can be mapped to and
from Macintosh types. A good set of EuIM and EuOM resources
can substantially improve document exchange with systems that
use uuencode.
Sending
When you create a map in an EuOM resource, you use the “Creator Code” and
“Type” fields to specify what documents the map applies to. These fields should
be filled with the four-byte creator code or Macintosh type of the documents you
want to send. If you leave the Creator Code blank, but fill in the type, the map is
used for any document of that type, regardless of creator. If you fill in both
Creator Code and Type, a document has to match both for the map to be used.
Given the choice, Eudora uses the map that matches both creator and type.
The other parts of the map are used to construct the MIME information. Content
Type and Content Subtype are the MIME type and subtype to use for the
document. Filename suffix allows you to tell Eudora to add a suffix to the
filename, as an extra hint to the receiving system (for example, you might have
Eudora add “.xls” to Excel files).
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Appendix G – MIME and Mapping
“Newline conversion?” tells Eudora whether or not to convert carriage returns in
the file to carriage return, linefeed. Usually, you should set this to 1 for text data,
but to 0 for binary files.
Finally, “May suppress resource fork?” is used in conjunction with Eudora’s
Always include Macintosh information option. If you set this to 1, and Always
include Macintosh information is off, Eudora won’t send Macintosh type and
creator information with the file, and won’t send the resource fork. Instead, it will
just send the data fork with the MIME information attached to it.
An Example Map in an EuOM Resource
The map above says that all files of type “EPSF,” no matter what the creator,
should be sent as “application/postscript,” that “.eps” should be added to the
filename, that carriage returns should not be turned into carriage return/linefeed
pairs, and that when the Always As Documents switch is off, the resource fork
won’t be sent.
Receiving
EuIM resources are used for receiving files. They’re pretty much the same as
EuOM resources, except that the MIME type and subtype are used for matching,
and the Macintosh creator code and type are applied to the file received.
As with EuOM resources, you can leave parts blank. If you want to match all files
with an “.eps” suffix, regardless of the MIME type or subtype, leave the type and
subtype blank. If you don’t care what the filename suffix is, leave that blank and
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match with the MIME type and/or subtype only. Again, as with EuOM resources,
Eudora will choose the map that matches best.
With EuIM resources, it’s sometimes a good idea to use several maps to catch all
important cases. For example, it might be a good idea to have three maps for
dealing with PostScript files, as follows:
Content Type: application
Content Subtype: postscript
Filename suffix:
Creator Code: mlpr
Type: TEXT
This map will catch most MIME PostScript files, and set their creator to MacLPR.
Content Type:
Content Subtype:
Filename suffix: .eps
Creator Code: dPro
Type: EPSF
This map will match any incoming file with a suffix of “.eps,” regardless of the
MIME type info, and set it’s type to “EPSF” and creator to “dPro” (MacDraw
Pro). But what if a file comes in with a suffix of “.eps” and a MIME type/subtype
of “application/postscript”? Which map gets used? The first one gets used; when
Eudora has a choice between matching a suffix and matching MIME type
information, MIME wins. A third map may be in order:
Content Type: application
Content Subtype: postscript
Filename suffix: .eps
Creator Code: dPro
Type: EPSF
This makes application/postscript files with suffixes of “.eps” get type EPSF and
creator dPro.
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Index
Symbols
-, in the Status column 69
6000.17 163
7400.13 163
[email protected]??? 70
\b 162
\D 162
\e 162
\h 161
\n 161
\p 161, 162
\r 161
\s 161
\u 161
\\ 161
•, in the Status column 24, 32, 49, 58, 69
µAccess 179
A
Add button 44
Add word service command 106, 139
Address Book
adding nicknames to the Quick Recipient List
96
Address(es) field in 95
addressing a message from 97
changing entries in 96
creating a message from 97
creating new entries in 95
displaying entries in 94
dragging entries to another file in 96
Fax field in 96
Make Address Book Entry command from 97
maximum entries in 96
Name field in 96
New button in 95
Notes field in 96
paging up and down in 94
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Phone field in 96
Postal Address field in 96
printing 94
Recipient List option 96
removing entries from 96
resizing 94
saving changes to 96
saving entries to a file 99
type to select entries in 94
using non-Eudora nicknames 99
View By option 94
Address Book command 93, 143
Address(es) field 95
After transferring or deleting or paging past end of
current message, open option 131
Aliases
mailboxes 145
Settings files 107
Align Center text option 37
Align Left text option 37
Align Right text option 37
Allow both numbers and letters in words option 46
Always include Macintosh information option 120
and option 84
Any Header field 83
Any Recipient field 83
APOP option 117
appears option 84
AppleDouble encoding 40
AppleSingle encoding 40
Arrow+these modifiers to switch messages option
130
Attach Document command 39, 41, 141
Attachment Folder 60
Attachment Folder option 61, 120
conflicts with 62
Attachment Type popup 30
Attachments
Always include Macintosh information option
120
189
Index
and UUCP 179
attaching files to outgoing mail 39
Attachment Folder 60, 120
changing 61
conflicts with 62
automatically deleting 79
copying 60
detaching from a message 39
dragging to attach 39
encoding 40
Encoding Method option 120
moving 60
opening 60
Receive MIME digests as attachments option
120
receiving 60
showing location 61
TEXT files belong to option 121
Trash attachments with messages option 121
Attachments column 69
Attachments Folder 79
Attachments Settings 120
Always include Macintosh information option
120
Attachment Folder option 120
Encoding Method option 120
Receive MIME digests as attachments option
120
TEXT files belong to option 121
Trash attachments with messages option 79,
121
Authentication option 117
Automatically Fcc to original mailbox option 119
Background Color option 121
backslash 161
B
Balloon Help 21
Bcc button
in Directory Services 103
in the Address Book 97
Bcc field
in outgoing mail 23, 31
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to copy outgoing messages 53
BinHex encoding 40
BLAH,BLAH,BLAH icon 59
blank, in the Status column 69
Blind copy
with Bcc field 31
with Name field in Address Book 96
Body field 83
Bold text option 37
Bounced mail 53
Break 162
Button type option 124
C
Carriage return 161, 163
And dialups 159
Cc button
in Directory Services 103
in the Address Book 97
Cc field
in Filters 83
in outgoing mail 23, 31
Change Password command 57, 143
Change Queueing command 48, 49, 141
Change Queueing dialog 47, 48
Change submenu 141
Check for mail every ? minutes option 55, 116
Check Mail 25
automatically 55, 116
Check for mail every ? minutes option 55
Check Mail command 56
Delete server action 64
entering password 56
Fetch & Delete server action 64
Fetch icon 64
Fetch server action 64
Forget Password command 57
Leave on server option 63, 117
manually check 56
minimum interval 55
Save password option 57
Skip messages over ? K option 64, 116
stopping 56
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Trash icon 64
with special instructions 64
Check Mail command 24, 55, 56, 57, 136
Check Mail Specially command 64, 136
Check spelling 41
and curly apostrophes 46
Check Spelling command 42
Check Spelling dialog 42, 43
Add button 44
Delete button 44
Dictionary field 43
Guess button 43
Guesses field 43
Questioned word field 43
Replace All option 43
Replace button 43
Replace with field 43
Skip All option 43
Skip button 43
View button 43
Options command 45
Options dialog 45
Allow both numbers and letters in words
option 46
HTML checking - ignore between
brackets “<>“ option 46
Make a copy of disk documents that are
checked option 46
Question when a word is uncapitalized
following a period option 45
Question when an “a” is before a vowel or
“an” before a consonant option 46
Question when proper nouns are
uncapitalized option 45
Question when there are extra spaces
between words option 46
Question when there is a space before
punctuation option 46
Question when there is only one space
after a period option 45
Question when words appear to be
repeated option 45
Quit after an Apple Events Word Services
spellcheck option 46
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Index
Treat hyphenated-words as two words
option 46
View suggestions instead of dictionary
first option 46
Spellswell 7 41
Check Spelling command 139
Checking Mail Settings 63, 116
Authentication option 117
Check for mail every ? minutes option 55, 116
Delete from server when emptied from trash
option 66, 117
Don’t check when using battery option 116
Leave on server option 63, 117
Overlap POP3 commands option 117
POP account option 116
Save password option 57, 117
Send on check option 117
Skip messages over ? K option 64, 116
Checkmark on Icon bar 30
Choose button 89
Clear command 39, 138
Close All command 136
Close command 136
Close messages with mailbox option 131
Color text options 38
Communications command 143
Communications Toolbox 159
Compact
all mailboxes 72
one mailbox 72
Composition window 23, 29
Connecting to servers with dialup 163
Connection method option 18, 113
Connection tool 160
Connection Tools 17
contains option 84
Convert Hesiod names to lower-case option 132
Copy & Unwrap command 138
Copy action 66
Copy blind
with Bcc field 31
with Name field in Address Book 96
Copy command 138
Copy original’s priority to reply option 36, 51, 129
Copy To action 86
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Index
Copy Without Styles & Unwrap command 138
Copy Without Styles command 138
Copying a message to a mailbox 32, 80
Correct (but slow) international sorting option 132
CSOm 160
Current Message 26
Cut command 138
D
D, in the Status column 52, 69
Date column 70
Date Display Settings 123
Date formats option 123
Display dates using option 123
Date formats option 123
Decoding 40
Delay 162
Delete all messages on server (be sure) option 66
Delete all messages that have been retrieved option
65
Delete button 44
Delete command 28, 79, 141
Delete from server when emptied from trash option
66, 117
Delete messages marked for deletion option 65
Delete server action 64, 71, 86
Detaching attachment 39
Dialin password 161
Dialin username 161
Dialup 159
Dialup username option 114
Dictionary field 43
Direct UNIX Navs 164
Directory Services
“Live” Ph queries option 115
addressing a message from 103
Bcc button 103
Cc button 103
finding Ph servers 102
Finger button 101
Finger option 115
Finger queries 102
Ph button 101
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Ph option 115
Ph queries 101
To button 103
with the shift key 101
Directory Services command 101, 143
Discard style information option 37
Disconnect MacSLIP if Eudora connected it option
130
Display dates using option 123
DNS load balancing option 115
Do Nothing server action 71
does not appear option 84
does not contain option 84
Domain to add to unqualified names option 118
Don’t check when using battery option 116
Don't make automatic checks when MacSLIP is not
already connected option 129
Don’t Send option 49
Don’t transfer, just create mailbox option 81
Draw separator lines option 134
E
Echo and dialups 159
Edit
incoming mail 62
outgoing mail 37
Edit menu 138
Empty the Trash mailbox option 128
Empty Trash command 28, 79, 144
Empty Trash on Quit option 19, 79, 132
EMSAPI 106
Encoding Method option 120
Encoding methods
AppleDouble 40
AppleSingle 40
BinHex 40
Uuencode Data Fork 40
ends with option 84
Enter key 58
Enter Selection command 88
Eudora Folder
Eudora Filters file 144
Eudora Log file 144
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Eudora Nicknames file and .i.Eudora Folder
Nicknames Folder 144
Eudora Settings file 144
In file 145
Mailbox Aliases 145
Out file 145
Signatures Folder 145
Spool Folder 145
Stationery Folder 145
Trash file 145
Eudora Information 149
Eudora Labels Settings 124
Eudora Pro Folder
Documentation Folder 147
Extras Folder 146
Dialup Folder 146
MacSLIP Folder 146
Plugins Folder 146
README file 145
Spellswell Folder 147
Expand nicknames immediately option 99, 100,
119
Expect 162
Extended Services command 106
Extended Services submenu 139
Extra Warnings Settings 47, 127
Empty the Trash mailbox option 128
Set a changed message back to read-only
option 128
Try something that requires too much memory
option 128
Try to delete any unsent mail option 79
Try to delete any unsent messages option 127
Try to delete queued mail option 79, 127
Try to delete unread mail option 79, 127
Try to queue a message with no subject option
127
Try to queue a message with styled text option
127
Try to quit with messages queued to be sent
option 127
Try to send a message whose size is more than
? k option 128
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Index
F
F, in the Status column 51, 69
Fax field 96
Fcc menu 32, 53
Fetch & Delete server action 64, 71
Fetch icon 60, 64
Fetch server action 64, 71, 86
File menu 136
Filter Messages command 82, 143
Filters 85, 86
and option 84
appears option 84
Conjunction field 84
contains option 84
does not appear option 84
does not contain option 84
ends with option 84
Generate filter reports option 133
header field 83
ignore option 84
Incoming option 82
intersects nickname option 84
invoked from top to bottom 83
is not option 84
is option 84
Last used field 86
Manual option 82
Match Type field 84
Matching Text field 84
or option 84
Outgoing option 82
re-ordering 83
resizing the list 87
starts with option 84
unless option 85
Filters command 82, 143
Filters window 82
Find Again command 89
Find button 88, 89
Find command 88
Find dialog 88
Find submenu 143
Finding text
Match Case option 88
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Index
Search mailboxes option 90
Search mailfolder option 90
Search To End option 90
Summaries only option 90
within a message 89
within mailboxes and folders 89
Finger button 101, 102
Finger option 115
Finish & Expand Address Book Entry command
99, 139
Finish Address Book Entry command 99, 139
Fix curly quotes option 119
Flash an icon in the menu bar option 58, 126
Font text options 38
Fonts & Display Settings 121
Background Color option 121
Message window height option 122
Message window width option 122
Print Font and Size options 122
Screen Font, Size, and Color options 121
Waste cycles drawing trendy 3D junk option
122
Zoom windows when opening option 122
Forget Password command 57, 144
Formatting text
Big 37
Bold 37
Center 37
Italic 37
Left 37
Margins
Indents 38
Normal 38
Mondo 37
Normal 37
Plain 37
Require control key for text/message dragging
option 133
Right 37
Small 37
Styled Text Settings 37
text/enriched MIME 37
Underline 37
Very Big 37
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When receiving styles, pay attention to option
135
When sending mail with applied fonts and
styles option 135
Forward command 51, 140
with the option key 51
Forward To action 86
Forward To submenu 100, 140
Forwarded (F) status 51
From field
in a forwarded message 51
in Filters 83
in outgoing mail 23, 31
in redirected message 51
ftp.qualcomm.com 149
G
Generate filter reports option 133
Getting Attention Settings 125
Flash an icon in the menu bar option 58, 126
Open mailbox option 58, 126
Play a sound option 58, 126
Say OK to alerts after 2 minutes option 126
Use an alert option 58, 126
Getting Started Settings 17, 112
Connection method option 18, 113
POP account 55, 113
POP account option 18
Real name option 18, 113
globe 102
gnuucp 179
Go To Stationery Folder option 33, 91
Guess button 43
Guess Paragraphs option 91
Guesses field 43
H
Hide Balloons command 22
Hide the recipient list
with Bcc field 31
with Name field in Address Book 96
Hosts Settings 101, 114
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DNS load balancing option 115
Finger option 115
Live Ph queries option 115
Overlap POP3 commands option 115
Ph option 115
POP account option 114
SMTP option 115
HTML checking - ignore between brackets “<>”
option 46
I
Icon Bar
in incoming mail 59
in outgoing mail 30
ignore option 84
Ignoring previously read messages 63
Immediate send option 47, 48, 118
In command 139, 142
In mailbox 58
Include Headers option 91
Include Macintosh Information icon 30, 40
Include outdated Return-Receipt-To option 132
Include yourself option 50
Incoming message window
Icon bar 59
BLAH,BLAH,BLAH icon 59
Fetch icon 60
Pencil icon 59
Priority popup 59
Subject field 59
Tow Truck icon 60
Trash icon 60
Message body 60
Title bar 59
zooming the window 122
Incoming option 82
Insert & Expand Recipient command 100, 139
Insert command 41
Insert Recipient command 100, 139
Inserting a file 41
Installation 13
Connection Tools 17
Internet Config
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Index
read from option 132
write to option 132
intersects nickname option 84
is option 84
Italic text option 37
K
Keep copies of outgoing mail option 53, 119
Keep Copy icon 30, 53
Kerberos 150
Kerberos option 117
L
Label column 70
Labels 85
creating 125
Last used field 86
Leave on server option 63, 117
and UUCP 181
Linefeed 161, 163
Live Ph queries option 102, 115
Lock whole program in memory option 132
M
MacSLIP
MacSLIP Apple Events 146
MacSLIP Cooperation Settings 129
Disconnect MacSLIP if Eudora connected it
option 130
Don’t make automatic checks when MacSLIP
is not already connected option 129
MacTCP & MacSLIP
MacSLIP Manual 147
MacTCP 150
MacTCP Administrator’s Guide 147
Mail drop 180
Mail drop format 181
Mail folders
creating during transfer 81
creating in the Mailboxes window 76
New button 76
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Index
creating using Mailbox menu 73
Make if a folder option 73
moving in the Mailboxes window 77
Move buttons 77
New command 73
removing
Remove button 77
removing in the Mailboxes window 77
renaming in Mailboxes window
Rename button 76
Mail Storage 144
Mail Transfer Options dialog 49, 63, 64, 71
Delete all messages on server 66
Delete messages marked for deletion 65
Delete all messages that have been retrieved
65
Fetch all message headers to In mailbox 66
Retrieve messages marked for retrieval 65
Retrieve new mail 65
Send queued messages 65
Mailbox Columns Settings 71, 134
Draw separator lines option 134
Show columns options 134
Mailbox menu 139
Mailboxes
Close messages with mailbox option 131
compacting all 72
compacting one 72
creating during transfer 81
creating in folders 73
creating in the Mailboxes window 76
New button 76
creating using Mailbox menu 73
displaying columns 71
Draw separator lines option 134
Make it a folder option 73
message summaries 68
moving in the Mailboxes window 77
Move buttons 77
New command 73
number of messages 72
opening 67
opening from the Mailboxes window 74
opening other 67
removing in the Mailboxes window 77
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Remove button 77
renaming in the Mailboxes window 76
Rename button 76
resizing columns 71
Show columns options 134
size display 72
sorting messages in 87
space messages require 72
space wasted 72
transferring messages among 80
zooming windows 122
Mailboxes command 74, 143
Mailboxes window 74
Make a copy of disk documents that are checked
option 46
Make Address Book entry command 97, 98, 99,
102, 143
from a mailbox 98
from Directory Services 99
from selection 97
from the Address Book 97
Make Address Book Entry From Selection
command 97, 143
Make it a file option 95
Make it a Folder option 73, 76
Make Label action 85
Make Priority action 85
Make Status action 85
Make Subject action 85
Managing mail on the server
Delete from server when emptied from trash
option 66, 117
Delete server action 64, 71
Do Nothing server action 71
Fetch & Delete server action 64, 71
Fetch icon 64
Fetch server action 64, 71
Leave on server option 63, 117
Mail Transfer Options dialog 64
Skip messages over ? K option 64, 116
Trash icon 64
Manual option 82
Map function keys to buttons option 124
Margin Hang Indent text options 38
Margin Indent text options 38
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Eudora User Manual
Margin Normal text option 38
Match case option 88
May use Quoted-Printable option 119
Message body
in incoming mail 60
in outgoing mail 23, 32
Message header
in incoming mail 60
in outgoing mail 31
Message menu 140
Message summaries 68
Attachments column 69
changing the subject of 62
Date column 70
Label column 70
Priority column 69
resizing columns 71
selecting 68
Sender/Recipient column 70
Server Action column 71
Size column 70
Status column 69
Subject column 71
Message window height option 122
Message window width option 122
Miscellaneous Settings 131
Close messages with mailbox option 131
Convert Hesiod names to lower-case option
132
Correct (but slow) international sorting option
132
Empty Trash on Quit 79
Empty Trash on Quit option 132
Generate filter reports option 133
Include outdated Return-Receipt-To option
132
Lock whole program in memory option 132
Re-sort mailboxes less often option 132
Read from Internet Config option 132
Require control key for text/message dragging
option 133
Turbo redirect by default 52
Turbo redirect by default option 132
Use old-style “.toc” files option 132
Write to Internet Config option 132
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Index
Move buttons 77
Moving Around Settings 130
After transferring or deleting or paging past
end of current message, open option 131
Arrow + these modifiers to switch messages
option 130
Return switches among header fields option
131
Tab to switch fields, option-tab to insert tab
option 131
Multiple accounts on one Macintosh 107
N
Name field 96
Navigate
In 160, 163
Mid 160
Out 160
special characters 160
New button in Address Book 95
New button or select an existing filter. .i.Filters
automatically named 82
New command 73, 81, 139, 142
New mailbox dialog 27, 73, 81
New Message command 23, 29, 140
New Message To submenu 100, 140
New Message With 140
New Message With submenu 33, 34
New Text Document command 136
New.command 27
Next time queued messages are sent option 48
Nicknames 95
adding to the Quick Recipient List 96
creating in the Address Book 95
Expand nicknames immediately option 119
None action 85
not option 84
Notes field 96
Notification
Flash an icon in the menu bar option 126
Open mailbox option 126
Play a sound option 126
Say OK to alerts after 2 minutes option 126
197
Index
Use an alert option 126
Notify Sender button 36, 37
Notify User action 85
Nuke command 141
O
On or After option 48
Open action 85
Open command 58, 136
Open Eudora 17
Open mailbox option 58, 126
Open Selection command 136
or option 84
or Queue Message command 141
Orientation option 124
Other command 67, 139, 142
Out command 139, 142
Out mailbox 49, 80
Outgoing message window
Icon Bar 30
Attachment Type popup 30
Include Macintosh Information icon 30
Keep Copy icon 30
Priority popup 30
Queue button 31
Quoted-Printable icon 30
Return Receipt icon 31
Send button 31
Signature popup 30
Word Wrap icon 30
Message body 32
Message header 31
Attachments field 32
Bcc field 31
Cc field 31
From field 31
Subject field 31
To field 31
Title Bar 29
zooming the window 122
Outgoing option 82
Overlap POP3 commands for better performance
option 115, 117
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P
Password
changing 57
server source code for 149
Dialup 162
entering 24, 56
forgetting 57
After failed expect 162
remembering 57
Saving 57, 117
Passwords option 117
Paste as Quotation command 138
Paste command 138
Paste Without Styles command 138
Pencil icon 59
Personal Information Settings 113
Dialup username option 114
POP account option 114
Real name option 114
Return address option 114
Ph
button 101
option 115
query 101
server source code 149
Ph button 101
Phone field 96
Plain text option 37
Play a sound option 58, 126
Play Sound action 85
Plugins 160
Esoteric Settings 147
Eudora Tables 147
Forward934 147
Kerberos Settings 147
POP Account hostname 161
POP account option 18, 55, 113, 114, 116
and UUCP 180
POP Account password 161
POP Account username 161
POP server 55, 63, 149, 155
UNIX 149
VAX/VMS 149
VM/CMS 149
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Eudora User Manual
POP version 3 155
Popper 149
Postal Address field 96
Print
current item 107
selection only 107
Print action 85
Print command 83, 107, 137
Print Font and Size options 122
Print One Copy command 107, 137
Print Selection command 137
Priority column 69
Priority Popup
default for replies 36
in incoming mail 59
in outgoing mail 30
levels 35
Raise and Lower 35
Progress window 24
Put it on the recipient list option 95
Put original To recipients in Cc field option 50
Q
Q, in the Status column 47, 49, 69
Question when a word is uncapitalized following a
period option 45
Question when an “a” is before a vowel or “an”
before a consonant 46
Question when proper nouns are uncapitalized
option 45
Question when there are extra spaces between
words option 46
Question when there is a space before punctuation
option 46
Question when there is only one space after a
period option 45
Question when words appear to to be repeated
option 45
Questioned word field 42, 43
Queue button 31, 47, 48
Queue mail 47
Change Queueing command 48, 49
Change Queueing dialog 48
QUALCOMM Incorporated
Index
Don’t Send option 49
editing before sending 49
for a certain time 48
Immediate send option 47
Next time queued messages are sent option 48
On or after option 48
Queue button 47
Queue Message command 47
Right Now option 48
Send message Right Now option 48
Send Queued Messages command 48
sending queued mail when checking mail 49
taking mail out of the queue 49
Queue Message command 47
Queued (Q) status 47
Quick Recipient List
Forward To submenu 100
Insert & Expand Recipient command 100
Insert Recipient command 100
New Message To submenu 100
putting nicknames in 96
Recipient List option 100
Redirect To submenu 100
Quit after an Apple Events Word Services spell
check option 46
Quit command 19, 137
Empty Trash on Quit option 132
Quoted text
in replies 50
with styles in replies 50
Quoted-Printable icon 30
R
R, in the Status column 50, 69
Re-sort mailboxes less often option 132
Read from Internet Config option 132
Real name option 18, 113, 114
Receive MIME digests as attachments option 120
Recipient List option 96, 100
Redirect
automatically put new message in the queue 52
no signature 52
Redirect command 51
199
Index
Redirect To submenu 52
Turbo redirect by default option 52, 132
Turbo Redirect To submenu 52
Turbo Redirect Without Delete To submenu 52
Redirect command 51, 140
Redirect To action 86
Redirect To submenu 52, 100, 141
with the option key 52
Redirected (D)redirectedus 52
Registration 18
Rejected mail 53
Remove All button 77
Remove button 77
Remove It button 77
Rename button 76
Renaming a mail folder 76
Renaming a mailbox 76
Replace All option 43
Replace button 42, 43
Replace with field 42, 43
Replied (R) status 50
Reply
Copy original’s priority to reply option 51
in a filter with stationery 34
Put original To recipients in Cc field option 50
quoting original text 50
Reply command 49
Reply Quoting Selection command 50
Reply Quoting Selection With command 51
Reply to all By default option 50
Reply To All command 50
Reply With command 51
with stationery 34, 51
Reply command 49, 140
Reply Quoting 140
Reply Quoting Selection command 50, 140
Reply Quoting Selection With command 51
Reply Quoting Selection With submenu 140
Reply to all By default option 50
Reply To All command 50, 140
Reply to all option 128
Reply To All With submenu 140
Reply With 33
Reply With action 86
Reply With submenu 34, 51, 140
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Eudora User Manual
Reply-To field 83
ReplyInclude yourself option 50
Replying
Copy original’s priority to reply option 129
Reply to all option 128
When replying to all option 129
Replying Settings 128
Copy original’s priority to reply 36, 51, 129
Include yourself 50
Put original To recipients in Cc field 50
Reply to all By default 50
Reply to all option 128
When replying to all option 129
Require control key for text/message dragging
option 133
Requirements 13
resize cursor ( ) 71
Retrieve new mail option 65
Retrieve only message headers 66
Return address option 114, 118
and UUCP 180
Return key 58
Return Receipt icon 31, 36
Return switches among header fields option 131
RFCs 157
Right Now option 48
rsrc 160
S
S, in the Status column 53, 69
Save All command 136
Save As command 33, 91, 136
Save command 24, 32, 96, 136
Save mail as text
as a single file 91
Go To Stationery Folder button 91
Guess Paragraphs option 91
Include Headers option 91
Stationery option 91
TEXT files belong to option 92
Save password option 57, 117
Saved (•) status 24, 32, 49
Say OK to alerts after 2 minutes option 126
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Eudora User Manual
Screen Font, Size, and Color options 121
Scripting 164
Scripting, and dialups 159
Search button 88
Search mailbox option 90
Search mailfolder option 90
Search To End option 90
Select All command 138
Send Again command 53, 140
Send button 24, 31, 47
Send mail
all at once 47
at a certain time 48
Change Queueing dialog 47
Immediate send option 47, 48, 118
keeping copies of outgoing mail 119
keeping copies of outgoing mail in original
mailbox 119
Mail Transfer Options dialog 49
May use Quoted-Printable option 119
replies 49
Send button 47
Send Message Now command 47
Send message Right Now option 48
Send Messages Specially command 49
Send on check option 117, 118
Send Queued Messages command 48
sending queued mail when checking mail 49
with server instructions 49
Send message Right Now option 48
Send Messages Now command 47
Send Messages Specially command 49, 136
Send on check option 49, 117, 118
Send Queued Messages command 48, 136
Send queued messages option 65
Send style information with mail option 37
Send to Back command 144
Sender/Recipient column 70
Sending Mail Settings 118
Automatically Fcc to original mailbox option
119
Domain to add to unqualified names option
118
Expand nicknames immediately option 119
Fix curly quotes option 119
QUALCOMM Incorporated
Index
Immediate send 47
Immediate send option 118
Keep copies of outgoing mail 53
Keep copies of outgoing mail option 119
May use Quoted-Printable option 119
Return address option 118
Send on check 49
Send on check option 118
SMTP server option 118
Use signature option 119
Word wrap option 119
Sent (S) status 53
Server Action column 71
Server action popup 64
Server Options action 86
Set a changed message back to read-only option
128
Settings command 112, 143
Settings Icons Settings 133
Sharing a Macintosh 107
Show Balloons command 22
Show columns options 134
Show function key labels option 124
Show toolbar option 124
Signature command 34
Signature popup 30
Signatures
and redirect 52
creating an additional 34
creating or modifying the Alternate 34
creating or modifying the standard 34
including in a message 35
including in all messages 35
modifying an additional 34
removing an additional 35
Use signature option 119
Signatures submenu 143
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol 155
Size Big text option 37
Size column 70
Size Mondo text option 37
Size Normal text option 37
Size Small text option 37
Size Very Big text option 37
Skip All option 43
201
Index
Skip button 43
Skip messages over ? K option 64, 116
Skip Rest action 83, 86
SMTP 155, 156
SMTP Server
And UUCP 180
SMTP server hostname 161
SMTP server option 118
Sort Descending submenu 143
Sort submenu 87, 143
Sorting 87
Correct (but slow) international sorting option
132
Group Subjects option 87
in descending order 87
Re-sort mailboxes less often option 132
with the shift key 87
Space bar 58
Special menu 143
Srialpop 163
Starting field 89
starts with option 84
Stationery messages
changing 33
creating a default 33
deleting 33
opening 34
opening with a filter 34, 86
Stationery option 33, 91
Status
-, never sent 69
<blank>, read or unsendable 69
D, redirected 52, 69
F, forwarded 51, 69
Q, queued 47, 49, 69
R, replied 69
R, replied to 50
S, sent 53, 69
T, timed 48, 69
•, saved or unread 24, 32, 49, 58, 69
Status column 69
Styled Text Settings 37, 60, 135
But warn me first 37
Discard style information 37
Send style information with mail 37
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Eudora User Manual
When receiving styles, pay attention to option
135
When sending mail with applied fonts and
styles option 135
Subject column 71
Subject field
changing in message summaries 62
in Filters 83
in incoming mail 59
in outgoing mail 23, 31
Summaries only option 90
T
T, in the status column 48, 69
Tab to switch fields, option-tab to insert tab option
131
Tabs
and the Save As command 91
inserting 131
switching fields 131
Technical support 22
More Help! topic 22
Text command 138
TEXT files belong to option 92, 121
Text submenu 37
Timed (T) status 48
Timeout 162
Title Bar
for incoming mail 59
for outgoing mail 29
To button
in Directory Services 103
in the Address Book 97
To field
in a reply 49, 50
in Filters 83
in outgoing mail 23, 31
Toolbar
Button type option 124
changing a button 106
displaying 105
Map function keys to buttons option 124
mapping to function keys 106
QUALCOMM Incorporated
Eudora User Manual
Orientation option 124
removing a button 105
scrolling arrows 106
Show function key labels option 124
Show toolbar option 124
transferring messages using 105
Toolbar Settings 124
Button type option 124
Map function keys to buttons option 124
Orientation option 124
Show function key labels option 124
Show toolbar option 124
Tow Truck icon 60
Transfer action 66
Transfer menu 142
Transfer To action 83, 86
Transferring mail to another mailbox
and creating a mailbox or folder 81
by dragging it 80
by dragging the Tow Truck icon 80
using the Transfer menu 80
Trash attachments with messages option 79, 121
Trash command 139, 142
Trash icon 60, 64
Trash mailbox 53, 79
Treat hyphenated-words as two words option 46
Troubleshooting 108
“-ERR Maildrop lock busy” 109
“A TCPClose command was already issued”
110
“Attachment corrupted” 110
“Connection came up halfway then failed” 110
“Don’t blame me, blame the CTB” 109
“Error opening your settings file” 108
“Mailbox has a damaged table of contents”
110
“Memory is tight” 108
“Message columns don’t line up” 111
“Messages not wrapping correctly” 111
“No Date header in your mail” 111
“Password is incorrect” 109
and README file 108
Try something that requires too much memory
option 128
Try to delete any unsent mail option 79
QUALCOMM Incorporated
Index
Try to delete any unsent messages option 127
Try to delete queued mail option 79, 127
Try to delete unread mail option 79, 127
Try to queue a message with no subject option 127
Try to queue a message with styled text option 127
Try to quit with messages queued to be sent option
127
Try to send a message whose size is more than ? k
option 128
Turbo redirect by default option 52, 132
Turbo Redirect To submenu 52, 141
with the option key 52
Turbo Redirect Without Delete To submenu 52
U
Underline text option 37
Undo command 138
unless option 85
Unqualified name, adding domain 118
Unread (•) status 58
Unwrap Selection command 138
URL
choosing an application 63
in incoming mail 63
in outgoing mail 41
Use an alert option 58, 126
Use Folder button 61
Use old-style “.toc” files option 132
Use signature option 119
UUCP 179
Working Files 181
D.mac0 ###
D.relay0 ###
UUCP/Connect 179
Uuencode Data Fork encoding 40
uupc 179
V
View button 43
View By option 94
View suggestions instead of dictionary first option
46
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Index
Eudora User Manual
W
Warnings
Empty the Trash mailbox option 128
Set a changed message back to read-only
option 128
Try something that requires too much memory
option 128
Try to delete any unsent mail option 79
Try to delete any unsent messages option 127
Try to delete queued mail option 79, 127
Try to delete unread mail option 79, 127
Try to queue a message with no subject option
127
Try to queue a message with styled text option
127
Try to quit with messages queued to be sent
option 127
Try to send a message whose size is more than
? k option 128
Waste cycles drawing trendy 3D junk option 122
When receiving styles, pay attention to option 135
When replying to all option 129
When sending mail with applied fonts and styles
option 135
Whole word option 88
Window menu 144
Windows
sending to the back 144
zooming 122
Word Service, adding 106
Word Wrap icon 30, 38
Word wrap option 119
Wrapped text 30, 38
Write to Internet Config option 132
Y
You have new mail alert 25
You have no new mail alert 25
Z
Zoom windows when opening option 122
X
X-Attachments field
in a forwarded message 51
in outgoing mail 23, 32, 39
in redirected messages 51
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