Renesas Starter Kit for RSKRL78G1G Tutorial Manual

Renesas Starter Kit for RSKRL78G1G Tutorial Manual
User’s Manual
16
32
RL78/G1G Group
Renesas Starter Kit Tutorial Manual
For CS+
RENESAS MCU
RL78 Family / RL78/G1X Series
All information contained in these materials, including products and product specifications, represents
information on the product at the time of publication and is subject to change by Renesas Electronics
Corporation without notice. Please review the latest information published by Renesas Electronics
Corporation through various means, including the Renesas Electronics Corporation website
(http://www.renesas.com).
Rev. 1.00 Jan 2015
Notice
1.
Descriptions of circuits, software and other related information in this document are provided only to illustrate the
operation of semiconductor products and application examples. You are fully responsible for the incorporation of these
circuits, software, and information in the design of your equipment. Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for
any losses incurred by you or third parties arising from the use of these circuits, software, or information.
2. Renesas Electronics has used reasonable care in preparing the information included in this document, but Renesas
Electronics does not warrant that such information is error free. Renesas Electronics assumes no liability whatsoever
for any damages incurred by you resulting from errors in or omissions from the information included herein.
3. Renesas Electronics does not assume any liability for infringement of patents, copyrights, or other intellectual property
rights of third parties by or arising from the use of Renesas Electronics products or technical information described in
this document. No license, express, implied or otherwise, is granted hereby under any patents, copyrights or other
intellectual property rights of Renesas Electronics or others.
4. You should not alter, modify, copy, or otherwise misappropriate any Renesas Electronics product, whether in whole or
in part. Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third parties arising from such
alteration, modification, copy or otherwise misappropriation of Renesas Electronics product.
5. Renesas Electronics products are classified according to the following two quality grades: “Standard” and “High
Quality”. The recommended applications for each Renesas Electronics product depends on the product’s quality grade,
as indicated below.
“Standard”: Computers; office equipment; communications equipment; test and measurement equipment; audio
and visual equipment; home electronic appliances; machine tools; personal electronic equipment; and industrial
robots etc.
“High Quality”: Transportation equipment (automobiles, trains, ships, etc.); traffic control systems; anti-disaster
systems; anticrime systems; and safety equipment etc.
Renesas Electronics products are neither intended nor authorized for use in products or systems that may pose a
direct threat to human life or bodily injury (artificial life support devices or systems, surgical implantations etc.), or may
cause serious property damages (nuclear reactor control systems, military equipment etc.). You must check the quality
grade of each Renesas Electronics product before using it in a particular application. You may not use any Renesas
Electronics product for any application for which it is not intended. Renesas Electronics shall not be in any way liable
for any damages or losses incurred by you or third parties arising from the use of any Renesas Electronics product for
which the product is not intended by Renesas Electronics.
6. You should use the Renesas Electronics products described in this document within the range specified by Renesas
Electronics, especially with respect to the maximum rating, operating supply voltage range, movement power voltage
range, heat radiation characteristics, installation and other product characteristics. Renesas Electronics shall have no
liability for malfunctions or damages arising out of the use of Renesas Electronics products beyond such specified
ranges.
7. Although Renesas Electronics endeavors to improve the quality and reliability of its products, semiconductor products
have specific characteristics such as the occurrence of failure at a certain rate and malfunctions under certain use
conditions. Further, Renesas Electronics products are not subject to radiation resistance design. Please be sure to
implement safety measures to guard them against the possibility of physical injury, and injury or damage caused by fire
in the event of the failure of a Renesas Electronics product, such as safety design for hardware and software including
but not limited to redundancy, fire control and malfunction prevention, appropriate treatment for aging degradation or
any other appropriate measures. Because the evaluation of microcomputer software alone is very difficult, please
evaluate the safety of the final products or systems manufactured by you.
8. Please contact a Renesas Electronics sales office for details as to environmental matters such as the environmental
compatibility of each Renesas Electronics product. Please use Renesas Electronics products in compliance with all
applicable laws and regulations that regulate the inclusion or use of controlled substances, including without limitation,
the EU RoHS Directive. Renesas Electronics assumes no liability for damages or losses occurring as a result of your
noncompliance with applicable laws and regulations.
9. Renesas Electronics products and technology may not be used for or incorporated into any products or systems whose
manufacture, use, or sale is prohibited under any applicable domestic or foreign laws or regulations. You should not
use Renesas Electronics products or technology described in this document for any purpose relating to military
applications or use by the military, including but not limited to the development of weapons of mass destruction. When
exporting the Renesas Electronics products or technology described in this document, you should comply with the
applicable export control laws and regulations and follow the procedures required by such laws and regulations.
10. It is the responsibility of the buyer or distributor of Renesas Electronics products, who distributes, disposes of, or
otherwise places the product with a third party, to notify such third party in advance of the contents and conditions set
forth in this document, Renesas Electronics assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third parties as
a result of unauthorized use of Renesas Electronics products.
11. This document may not be reproduced or duplicated in any form, in whole or in part, without prior written consent of
Renesas Electronics.
12. Please contact a Renesas Electronics sales office if you have any questions regarding the information contained in this
document or Renesas Electronics products, or if you have any other inquiries.
(Note 1) “Renesas Electronics” as used in this document means Renesas Electronics Corporation and also includes its
majority owned subsidiaries.
(Note 2) “Renesas Electronics product(s)” means any product developed or manufactured by or for Renesas Electronics.
(2012.4)
Disclaimer
By using this Renesas Starter Kit (RSK), the user accepts the following terms:
The RSK is not guaranteed to be error free, and the entire risk as to the results and performance of the RSK is
assumed by the User. The RSK is provided by Renesas on an “as is” basis without warranty of any kind whether
express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of satisfactory quality, fitness for a particular
purpose, title and non-infringement of intellectual property rights with regard to the RSK. Renesas expressly
disclaims all such warranties. Renesas or its affiliates shall in no event be liable for any loss of profit, loss of data,
loss of contract, loss of business, damage to reputation or goodwill, any economic loss, any reprogramming or recall
costs (whether the foregoing losses are direct or indirect) nor shall Renesas or its affiliates be liable for any other
direct or indirect special, incidental or consequential damages arising out of or in relation to the use of this RSK, even
if Renesas or its affiliates have been advised of the possibility of such damages.
Precautions
The following precautions should be observed when operating any RSK product:
This Renesas Starter Kit is only intended for use in a laboratory environment under ambient temperature and humidity
conditions. A safe separation distance should be used between this and any sensitive equipment. Its use outside the
laboratory, classroom, study area or similar such area invalidates conformity with the protection requirements of the
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive and could lead to prosecution.
The product generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment causes harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off or on, you are encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures;
•
ensure attached cables do not lie across the equipment
•
reorient the receiving antenna
•
increase the distance between the equipment and the receiver
•
connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that which the receiver is connected
•
power down the equipment when not in use
•
consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help NOTE: It is recommended that wherever
possible shielded interface cables are used.
The product is potentially susceptible to certain EMC phenomena. To mitigate against them it is recommended that the
following measures be undertaken;
•
The user is advised that mobile phones should not be used within 10m of the product when in use.
•
The user is advised to take ESD precautions when handling the equipment.
The Renesas Starter Kit does not represent an ideal reference design for an end product and does not fulfil the
regulatory standards for an end product.
How to Use This Manual
1.
Purpose and Target Readers
This manual is designed to provide the user with an understanding of how to use the CS+ IDE to develop and
debug software for the RSK platform. It is intended for users designing sample code on the RSK platform,
using the many different incorporated peripheral devices.
The manual comprises of step-by-step instructions to load and debug a project in CS+, but does not intend to
be a complete guide to software development on the RSK platform. Further details regarding operating the
RL78/G1G microcontroller may be found in the Hardware Manual and within the provided sample code.
Particular attention should be paid to the precautionary notes when using the manual. These notes occur within the body
of the text, at the end of each section, and in the Usage Notes section.
The revision history summarizes the locations of revisions and additions. It does not list all revisions. Refer to the text of
the manual for details.
The following documents apply to the RL78/G1G Group. Make sure to refer to the latest versions of these
documents. The newest versions of the documents listed may be obtained from the Renesas Electronics Web
site.
Document Type
Description
Document Title
Document No.
User’s Manual
Describes the technical details of the RSK
hardware.
RSKRL78G1G
User’s Manual
R20UT3022EG
Tutorial Manual
Provides a guide to setting up RSK
environment, running sample code and
debugging programs.
RSKRL78G1G
Tutorial Manual
R20UT3019EG
Code Generator
Tutorial
Provides a guide to code generation and
importing into the CS+ IDE.
RSKRL78G1G
Code Generator
Tutorial Manual
R20UT3021EG
Quick Start Guide
Provides simple instructions to setup the RSK
and run the first sample, on a single A4 sheet.
RSKRL78G1G
Quick Start Guide
R20UT3020EG
Schematics
Full detail circuit schematics of the RSK.
RSKRL78G1G
Schematics
R20UT3017EG
Hardware Manual
Provides technical details of the RL78/G1G
microcontroller.
RL78/G1G Group,
User’s
Manual:
Hardware
R01UH0499EJ
2.
List of Abbreviations and Acronyms
Abbreviation
Full Form
ADC
Analog-to-Digital Converter
API
Application Programming Interface
Bps
Bits per second
CMT
Compare Match Timer
COM
COMmunications port referring to PC serial port
CPU
DVD
E1
GUI
IDE
IRQ
LCD
LED
LSB
Central Processing Unit
Digital Versatile Disc
Renesas On-chip Debugging Emulator
Graphical User Interface
Integrated Development Environment
Interrupt Request
Liquid Crystal Display
Light Emitting Diode
Least Significant Bit
LVD
Low Voltage Detect
MCU
MSB
PC
PLL
RAM
ROM
RSK+
RTC
SAU
SCI
SPI
TAU
TFT
Micro-controller Unit
Most Significant Bit
Personal Computer
TM
This is a Digilent Pmod™ Compatible connector. Pmod
is registered to Digilent Inc.
Digilent-Pmod_Interface_Specification
Phase-locked Loop
Random Access Memory
Read Only Memory
Renesas Starter Kit+
Realtime Clock
Serial Array Unit
Serial Communications Interface
Serial Peripheral Interface
Timer Array Unit
Thin Film Transistor
TPU
Timer Pulse Unit
UART
USB
WDT
Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
Universal Serial Bus
Watchdog timer
TM
Pmod
All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Table of Contents
1. Overview............................................................................................................................ 7
1.1
1.2
Purpose ...................................................................................................................................................... 7
Features ..................................................................................................................................................... 7
2. Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 8
2.1
Code Generator Plug in ............................................................................................................................. 8
3. Tutorial Project Workspace ................................................................................................ 9
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................ 9
Starting CS+ ............................................................................................................................................... 9
Configuring the Debug Tool (E1) ............................................................................................................. 12
Build Configuration ................................................................................................................................... 14
4. Building the Tutorial Program .......................................................................................... 15
4.1
4.2
4.3
Building the Code ..................................................................................................................................... 15
Connecting the Debugger ........................................................................................................................ 16
Saving Project Settings ............................................................................................................................ 16
5. Downloading and Running the Tutorial ............................................................................ 17
5.1
5.2
Downloading the Program Code .............................................................................................................. 17
Running the Tutorial ................................................................................................................................. 17
6. Reviewing the Tutorial Program ....................................................................................... 18
6.1
6.2
Program Initialisation ............................................................................................................................... 18
Main Functions ......................................................................................................................................... 19
7. Additional Information ...................................................................................................... 22
RSKRL78G1G
RENESAS STARTER KIT
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1. Overview
1.1
Purpose
This RSK is an evaluation tool for Renesas microcontrollers. This manual describes how to get the RSK
tutorial started and basic debugging operations.
1.2
Features
This RSK provides an evaluation of the following features:
• Renesas microcontroller programming
•
User code debugging
•
User circuitry such as switches, LEDs and a potentiometer
•
Sample application
•
Sample peripheral device initialisation code
The RSK board contains all the circuitry required for microcontroller operation.
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RSKRL78G1G
2. Introduction
2. Introduction
This manual is designed to answer, in tutorial form, the most common questions asked about using a Renesas
Starter Kit (RSK). The tutorials help explain the following:
•
How do I compile, link, download and run a simple program on the RSK?
•
How do I build an embedded application?
•
How do I use Renesas’ tools?
The project generator will create a tutorial project with three selectable build configurations:
•
‘DefaultBuild’ is a project with debug support and optimisation level set to two.
•
‘Debug’ is a project built with the debugger support included. Optimisation is set to zero.
•
‘Release’ is a project with optimised compile options, producing code suitable for release in a product.
Optimisation is set to two.
Files referred to in this manual are installed using the project generator as you work through the tutorials. The
tutorial examples in this manual assume that installation procedures described in the RSK Quick Start Guide
have been completed. Please refer to the Quick Start Guide for details of preparing the configuration.
These tutorials are designed to show you how to use the RSK and are not intended as a comprehensive introduction to
the CS+ debugger, compiler toolchains or the E1 emulator. Please refer to the relevant user manuals for more in-depth
information.
2.1
Code Generator Plug in
The Code Generator plug in for the RL78/G1G has been used to generate the sample code discussed in this
document. Code Generator for CS+ is a plug in tool for generating template ‘C’ source code and project
settings for the RL78/G1G. When using Code Generator, the engineer is able to configure various MCU
features and operating parameters using intuitive GUI controls, thereby bypassing the need in most cases to
refer to sections of the Hardware Manual.
Code Generator is not enabled by default during CS+ installation and is not required for this tutorial manual.
For more information please refer to the ‘Enabling Code Generator’ section of the Code Generator Tutorial
manual.
Once the engineer has configured the project, the ‘Generate Code’ function is used to generate three code
modules for each specific MCU feature selected. These code modules are name ‘r_cg_xxx.h’, ‘r_cg_xxx.c’,
and ‘r_cg_xxx_user.c’, where ‘xxx’ is a three letter acronym for the relevant MCU feature, for example ‘adc’.
Within these code modules, the engineer is then free to add custom code to meet their specific requirement.
Custom code should be added, whenever possible, in between the following comment delimiters:
/* Start user code for adding. Do not edit comment generated here */
/* End user code. Do not edit comment generated here */
Code Generator will locate these comment delimiters, and preserve any custom code inside the delimiters on
subsequent code generation operations. This is useful if, after adding custom code, the engineer needs to revisit Code Generator to change any MCU operating parameters.
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3.
Tutorial Project Workspace
3. Tutorial Project Workspace
3.1
Introduction
CS+ is an integrated development tool that allows the user to write, compile, program and debug a software
project on the RX, 78K, RL and V850 family of Renesas microcontrollers. CS+ will have been installed during
the installation of the software support for the Renesas Starter Kit product. This manual will describe the
stages required to create and debug the supplied tutorial project.
3.2
Starting CS+
To use the program, start CS+:
WindowsTM 7 & Vista: Start Menu (Start Menu > All Programs > Renesas Electronics CS+ > CS+ for CA, CX (78K,RL78,V850)
WindowsTM 8: From Apps View , click ‘CS+ for CA, CX (78K,RL78,V850)’ icon
The first time CS+ is started, the One Point Advice dialog box will be shown:
The One Point Advice dialog box provides some useful tips when using CS+. Press ‘OK’ to skip the advice
and close the One Point Advice dialog. The user will then be presented with the Start panel.
Under the ‘Open Sample RSK Project’, open a new Tutorial project by selecting the RSKRL78G1G_Tutorial
project template and click on ‘Go’ as shown below.
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RSKRL78G1G
•
•
•
•
3.
Tutorial Project Workspace
CS+ will present a ‘Create Project’ dialog
box.
Select all sub-projects by clicking on each
checkbox and observe the information
displayed
under
the
‘Subproject
information’ heading as you select each
project.
Specify a name and location for the new
project and click on ‘Create’
A dialog box will appear if the location
specified does not exist; asking to create
the folder specified. Click ‘OK’.
•
CS+ will create and open the project
showing the Project Tree as seen in the
screenshot opposite.
•
RSKRL78G1G_Tutorial (Project) is the
master project and includes the tools to
modify, build and debug the code.
•
The File folder seen in the screenshot
belongs
to
the
master
project,
RSKRL78G1G_Tutorial.
•
This folder contains and lists all project
source and header files including text files
arranged in separate folder structures.
•
Folders containing the subprojects,
indicated by “(Subproject)”, are listed
below the File folder.
•
Each subproject folder, when expanded,
reveals an identical tools and folder
structure to that of the master project,
RSKRL78G1G_Tutorial.
•
By default the RSKRL78G1G_Tutorial
project is set as the active project,
indicated by the line under the project
name.
Note: ‘Code Generator (Design Tool)’ node is
shown in the ‘Project Tree’ and indicates an
optional plug-in has been enabled previously.
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•
To change the active project, rightclick on the project/subproject name
and select “Set x as Active Project” (x
represents the project name).
•
The File folder contains four
subfolders plus a linker directive file.
This structure is common to all
projects.
•
Some of the source files were
generated by Code Generator, which
are grouped under the ‘Code
Generator’ folder which itself is listed
under the File folder in the Project
Tree. These files are prefixed with
‘r_cg’ to indicate that they were
generated by a code generator. All
other user-generated source files are
contained in the ‘C Source Files’
folder.
•
To open a file for viewing, right-click
on the file and select ‘Open’.
Alternatively, double-click on the file.
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3.
Tutorial Project Workspace
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3.3
3.
Tutorial Project Workspace
Configuring the Debug Tool (E1)
Note: The Tutorial sample project’s settings are pre-configured. This section is intended to familiarise the user
with the debug tool settings for when they create their own project.
•
The Project Tree will
be displayed on the
left-hand pane of CS+.
•
This can also be
invoked from the menu
bar [View > Project
Tree].
•
If not already active,
right-click on the
RSKRL78G1G_Tutorial
name and select:
“Set
RSKRL78G1G_Tutorial
as Active Project”
•
The opposite screenshot indicates that the
Debug Tool is E1,
which is correct for this
tutorial.
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3.
•
Right click on RL78
E1(Serial)
(DebugTool).
•
Click on Property.
•
View
the
Settings.
•
Verify that the settings
match the opposite
screen-shot.
Tutorial Project Workspace
Connect
The project is configured to
halt code execution on the
first instruction of the main
function after programming
the microcontroller. To
specify another function as
the entry point:
•
View the Download
File Settings of the
RL78 E1’s property.
•
Change the ‘specified
symbol’ to another
available function.
•
Ensure to prefix the
function name with an
underscore (“_”).
Note: Do not specify an
interrupt handler as the
entry point.
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3.4
3.
Tutorial Project Workspace
Build Configuration
The build configurations are selected from the build tool’s Property panel. The options available are
DefaultBuild, Debug and Release. DefaultBuild and Debug are configured for use with the debugger. Release
is configured for the final ROM programmable code.
A common difference between the three builds is the optimisation setting and the addition of debug
information. With optimisation turned on, the debugger may seem to execute code in an unexpected order. To
assist in debugging it is often helpful to turn optimisation off on the code being debugged.
•
Right-click on CA78K0R
(Build Tool) from the
Project Tree.
•
Select ‘Property’.
•
The Common Options
sheet will open by
default.
•
Verify that the Build Mode
is set to Debug.
•
Click on the Compile
Options sheet to view
compiler options.
•
Ensure the ‘Add debug
information’ entry is set to
‘Yes(Add
to
both
assembly and object)(g2))’.
•
Ensure
the
‘Perform
optimization’ entry is set
to ‘No(-nq).
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4.
Building the Tutorial Program
4. Building the Tutorial Program
The tutorial project build settings have been pre-configured in the toolchain options. To view the toolchain
options double-click on CA78K0R(Build Tool) from the Project Tree and select the available tabs. It is
important when changing settings to be aware of the current configuration before modifying the settings.
•
Review the options on each of the tabs to
be aware of the options available. For the
purposes of the tutorial, leave all options
at default.
•
When complete, the Property panel can
be closed by clicking [x] on the right-hand
corner of the Property window.
4.1
Building the Code
There is a choice of three shortcuts available for building the project:
•
Selecting the ‘Build Project’ toolbar button will build all projects listed in the project tree.
•
Pressing [F7]. This is equivalent to pressing the ‘Build Project’ toolbar button.
•
Selecting the ‘Rebuild Project’ toolbar button will rebuild all project files.
•
Selecting the ‘Build & Download’ toolbar button will only build the active project and
download the code to the target device after a successful build.
•
Pressing [F6]. This is equivalent to pressing the ‘Build & Download’ toolbar button.
F7
F6
Build the project now by pressing [F7] or pressing one of the build icons as shown above. During the build
each stage will be reported in the Output Window. The build will complete with an indication of any errors and
warnings encountered during the build.
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4.2
4.
Building the Tutorial Program
Connecting the Debugger
For this tutorial the E1 debugger will provide power to the RSK, no external power supply is required.
The Quick Start Guide provided with the Renesas Starter Kit board gives detailed instructions on how to
connect the E1 to the host computer. The following assumes that the steps in the Quick Start Guide have
been followed and the E1 drivers have been installed.
•
•
•
4.3
Fit the LCD Module to the RSK board. Ensure all the pins of the connector are correctly inserted in the
socket.
Connect the E1 Debugger to a free USB port on your computer.
Connect the E1 Debugger to the RSK ensuring that it is plugged into the connector marked ‘E1’.
Saving Project Settings
If you have changed any project settings this is a good
time to save the project.
•
Select ‘File’ | ‘Save Project’.
If you make any changes to files in CS+ and want to
preserve these change, you can save them by:
•
Select ‘File’ | ‘Save All’.
You can also save files by clicking the ‘Save’ or ‘Save All’
buttons from the CS+ toolbar.
In addition files can be saved using the keyboard
shortcut [Ctrl + S]:
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Ctrl
+
S
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RSKRL78G1G
5.
Downloading and Running the Tutorial
5. Downloading and Running the Tutorial
5.1
Downloading the Program Code
Now that the code has been built in CS+ it needs to be downloaded to the RSK.
•
Click on the program
download
button.
Alternatively, select Debug
from the Menu bar and
click on Download.
•
On completion of program
download, the debugger
and code are ready to be
executed. The program
counter indicator will point
to first line of code inside
the main function; this is
the program’s entry point.
Before proceeding, it is necessary to connect to the RSK RL78G1C-USB port to a PC using a USB Type A to
mini B cable. The first time this port is connected to the PC an 'Installing Device Driver Software' pop-up will
appear and the device driver will be automatically installed. Open Device Manager, the virtual COM port will
appear under 'Port (COM & LPT)' as 'RSK USB Serial Port (COMx)', where x is a number. Open a terminal;
emulation program, such as HyperTerminal, with the settings 19200, 8, N, 1 on the virtual COM port.
5.2
Running the Tutorial
Once the program has been downloaded onto the RSK device, the program can be executed.
Click the ‘Go’ button or press F5 to begin the program from the current program counter
position. It is recommended that you run through the program once first, and then continue to
Operating instructions for the program can be found in the file
the review section.
‘description.txt’, under the ‘Text Files’ folder in the CS+ Project Tree.
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6. Reviewing the Tutorial Program
6. Reviewing the Tutorial Program
This section will look at each section of the tutorial code and basic debugging functionality in CS+.
6.1
Program Initialisation
Before the main program can run, the microcontroller must be configured. Due to the debugger configuration
used for the Tutorial project and the rest of the sample projects, the user will not be able to step through the
hardware initialisation code. Please refer to Section 3.3 to change the entry point after programming the
microcontroller. Specify ‘_R_Systeminit’ as the function name if viewing of hardware initialisation is desired.
The initialisation code is executed every time the device is reset via the reset switch or from a power reboot.
The user is advised not to use the ‘step’ feature of the debugger to exit the R_Systeminit function.
Ensuring the Tutorial program has been downloaded onto the RL78G1G; press the ‘CPU Reset’
button on the Debug Toolbar.
•
From the Menu bar select
View
>
Disassemble
>
Disassemble1. Alternatively,
use the Display Disassemble
button to open and view the
‘source and disassembly’.
•
To
make
the
Display
Disassemble button available
on the toolbar, right-click on
the toolbar and select ‘View
Panels’.
Revert back to the source by clicking
on the file containing the function
pointed to by the program counter
indicator. Alternatively, right click in
the Disassemble1 window and click
"Jump to Source"
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6.2
6. Reviewing the Tutorial Program
Main Functions
This section will look at the program code called from with the main() function, and how it works.
The program code performs the following tasks:
•
•
•
•
•
Initialises the LCD display.
Writes some information to the display.
Sets up UART1 to receive data by passing it a location to store received data and the length of the
received data.
Enables UART1 operations.
Enters an infinite loop, which checks to see if SW3 has been pressed or a ‘c’ or ‘C’ character has
been received from the PC and if so it will request a new A/D (analog to digital) conversion of the
potentiometer value. The ADC value is then displayed on the LCD and on the PC. In addition a
modulo 16 counter is maintained that counts the number of requested ADC conversions. The count
results are displayed on the PC and they are also represented on LEDs 0 to 3.
Let us now follow this flow by setting some breakpoints in the code.
•
Right
click
the
‘R_UART1_Receive’ function call
and select ‘Go to Here’ to execute
the program up to this line.
The
‘init_lcd’
function
call
configures the LCD module, and
‘display_lcd’ will write the text
between the double quotes to the
display.
•
Set a breakpoint on the
‘R_UART1_Start()’ function call
by clicking on the ‘Main’ column
•
Click the ‘Step In’ button to step
into the ‘R_UART1_Start’
function. Alternatively, press
[F11].
F11
R20UT3019EG0100 Rev. 1.00
Jan 26, 2015
Page 19 of 26
RSKRL78G1G
6. Reviewing the Tutorial Program
•
The program counter should now
move into the R_UART1_Receive
function definition. This function is
an API function provided by the
Code Generator. It sets up the
UART interrupt handler code to
receive a specified number of
bytes into a receive buffer. Once
the specified number of bytes has
been received, the interrupt
handler code calls a callback
function as shown later on in this
section.
•
For full details on how to
configure a project using Code
Generator refer to the Code
Generator Tutorial Manual.
•
Press the
button to resume
program execution.
•
The program counter should
come to a halt at the
R_UART1_Start function.
•
Step over the function by clicking
the
‘Step
Over’
button.
Alternatively, press F10.
F10
The R_UART1_Start function enables
the UART interrupts. The program
then proceeds to the main while()
loop. The code inside the loop waits
for user input from either the UART or
RSK switch SW3, and then performs
an A/D conversion.
•
Locate the function call to
‘display_lcd’ inside the while loop.
•
Set a breakpoint on the
‘display_lcd’ function call by
clicking on the ‘Main’ column.
R20UT3019EG0100 Rev. 1.00
Jan 26, 2015
Page 20 of 26
RSKRL78G1G
6. Reviewing the Tutorial Program
•
In the Project Tree pane, locate
the file ‘r_cg_sau_user.c’ and
double-click to open the source
file.
Scroll down to where
r_uart1_callback_receiveend
is
defined (not where it is being
called from).
•
Set a breakpoint on the line of
code
inside
the
r_uart1_callback_receiveend
function as shown opposite.
•
Continue to execute the program
by pressing the
button.
•
In the terminal; emulation window,
press the ‘c’ button on the
keyboard.
•
The program will halt at the
breakpoint
in
the
r_uart1_callback_receiveend
function as shown opposite.
Remove the breakpoint by
clicking on the breakpoint column.
•
Continue to execute the program
by pressing the
button.
•
The program will halt at the
breakpoint in the main while loop.
•
Remove the breakpoint by
clicking on the breakpoint column.
Continue to execute the program
by pressing the
button.
The program proceeds to display the result of the A/D conversion on the LCD and in the terminal window. In
addition, the running count (modulo 16) of A/D conversions performed is displayed in binary form using LEDs
0-3 on the RSK. Adjust the potentiometer and press SW3 on the RSK and an additional A/D conversion will
be performed.
•
Press the ‘Stop’ button to halt
program execution.
•
This is the extent of the tutorial code.
For further details regarding hardware configuration, please refer to the RL78 Family Software Manual and the RL78/G1G
Group Hardware Manual.
The E1 emulator features advanced logic-based event point trigger system, and full instruction on its use is outside the
scope of this tutorial. For further details, please refer to the E1 Emulator User’s Manual
R20UT3019EG0100 Rev. 1.00
Jan 26, 2015
Page 21 of 26
RSKRL78G1G
7.
Additional Information
7. Additional Information
Technical Support
For details on how to use CS+, refer to the manual available on the DVD or from the web site.
Parts of the sample code provided with the RSKRL78G1G can be reproduced using the Code Generator plug
in tool. Source files and functions generated by Code Generator are prefixed with ‘r_’ and ‘R_’, respectively.
For information about the RL78/G1G Group microcontrollers refer to the RL78/G1G Group Hardware Manual.
For information about the RL78 assembly language, refer to the RL78 Family Software Manual.
Technical Contact Details
Please refer to the contact details listed in section 8 of the “Quick Start Guide”
General information on Renesas microcontrollers can be found on the Renesas website at:
http://www.renesas.com/
Trademarks
All brand or product names used in this manual are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
companies or organisations.
Copyright
This document may be, wholly or partially, subject to change without notice. All rights reserved. Duplication of
this document, either in whole or part is prohibited without the written permission of Renesas Electronics
Europe Limited.
© 2015 Renesas Electronics Europe Limited. All rights reserved.
© 2015 Renesas Electronics Corporation. All rights reserved.
© 2015 Renesas System Design Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
R20UT3019EG0100 Rev. 1.00
Jan 26, 2015
Page 22 of 26
REVISION HISTORY
Rev.
RSKRL78G1G Tutorial Manual
Date
Description
Page
1.00
Jan 26, 2015

Summary
First Edition issued
Renesas Starter Kit Manual: Tutorial Manual
Publication Date:
Rev. 1.00
Jan 26, 2015
Published by:
Renesas Electronics Corporation
http://www.renesas.com
SALES OFFICES
Refer to "http://www.renesas.com/" for the latest and detailed information.
Renesas Electronics America Inc.
2801 Scott Boulevard Santa Clara, CA 95050-2549, U.S.A.
Tel: +1-408-588-6000, Fax: +1-408-588-6130
Renesas Electronics Canada Limited
9251 Yonge Street, Suite 8309 Richmond Hill, Ontario Canada L4C 9T3
Tel: +1-905-237-2004
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Tel: +44-1628-585-100, Fax: +44-1628-585-900
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Arcadiastrasse 10, 40472 Düsseldorf, Germany
Tel: +49-211-6503-0, Fax: +49-211-6503-1327
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Room 1709, Quantum Plaza, No.27 ZhiChunLu Haidian District, Beijing 100191, P.R.China
Tel: +86-10-8235-1155, Fax: +86-10-8235-7679
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Unit 301, Tower A, Central Towers, 555 Langao Road, Putuo District, Shanghai, P. R. China 200333
Tel: +86-21-2226-0888, Fax: +86-21-2226-0999
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Unit 1601-1611, 16/F., Tower 2, Grand Century Place, 193 Prince Edward Road West, Mongkok, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: +852-2265-6688, Fax: +852 2886-9022
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13F, No. 363, Fu Shing North Road, Taipei 10543, Taiwan
Tel: +886-2-8175-9600, Fax: +886 2-8175-9670
Renesas Electronics Singapore Pte. Ltd.
80 Bendemeer Road, Unit #06-02 Hyflux Innovation Centre, Singapore 339949
Tel: +65-6213-0200, Fax: +65-6213-0300
Renesas Electronics Malaysia Sdn.Bhd.
Unit 1207, Block B, Menara Amcorp, Amcorp Trade Centre, No. 18, Jln Persiaran Barat, 46050 Petaling Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
Tel: +60-3-7955-9390, Fax: +60-3-7955-9510
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No.777C, 100 Feet Road, HALII Stage, Indiranagar, Bangalore, India
Tel: +91-80-67208700, Fax: +91-80-67208777
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12F., 234 Teheran-ro, Gangnam-Gu, Seoul, 135-080, Korea
Tel: +82-2-558-3737, Fax: +82-2-558-5141
© 2015 Renesas Electronics Corporation. All rights reserved.
Colophon 4.0
RL78/G1G Group
R20UT3019EG0100
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