ground tester manual
GROUND TESTER
MANUAL
DUOYI
R
X. Bill of Loading
Table of Contents
II .Attention.....................................................................................2
Pincer Grounding Tester
1 piece
.Brief Introduction........................................................................3
Test Ring
1 piece
.Specification...............................................................................4
5# Dry Battery
4 pieces
1. Model of Series....................................................................4
User’
s Manual
1 pieces
2. Ranges and Accuracy of Measurement...............................5
Qualified Certificate
1 piece
3. Technical Specifications......................................................5
4. Reference conditions...........................................................6
5. Variations in the nominal working range..............................6
.Structure of Meter.......................................................................7
.Crystal Display...........................................................................7
1. LCD Screen.........................................................................7
2. Description of Special Symbols...........................................7
3. Examples of displays...........................................................8
.Quick Find Table........................................................................9
Operating Method.....................................................................9
1. Boot Up ..............................................................................9
2. Shutdown ..........................................................................11
3. Resistance Measurement..................................................11
4. Data Lock/Release............................................................12
. Measurement Principle...........................................................12
. Measurement Method of Grounding Resistance.....................13
1. Multi-Point Grounding System.............................................13
2. Limited Point Grounding System.........................................14
3. Single-Point Grounding System..........................................16
. Bill of Loading..........................................................................20
I. Attention
Thank you for purchasing this pincer ground tester of the company.
In order to make better use of the product, please be certain:
---To read this user manual carefully.
---To comply with the operating cautions
presented in this manual.
u Under any circumstances, pay special attention to safety in
the use of the Meter.
In the above three steps, the reading measured in each step is the
value of the two series grounding resistance. In this way, we can
easily calculate the value of each grounding resistance:
From:
R2 = RB + RC
R3 = RC + RA
We get:
RA =
u Pay attention to the measurement range of the Meter and the
using environment provided.
u Pay attention to the text labeled on the panel and back plane
of the Meter.
u Before booting up, the trigger should be pressed for a couple
of times to ensure the jaws are well closed.
u In the process of auto inspection in booting up, DO NOT press
R1 = RA + RB
R1 + R3 - R 2
2
This is the grounding resistance value of the grounding body RA.To
facilitate the memory of the above formula, these three grounding
bodies scan be viewed as a triangle; then the measured resistance
is equivalent to the value of the resistance values of the adjacent
edges plus or minus resistance value of the opposite sides, and
u
the trigger, nor clamp any wire
divided by 2.
u
The process of auto inspection would display "CAL6, CAL5,
As the reference points, the grounding resistance values of the
CAL4 CAL0, OL Ù."
other two grounding bodies are:
u
Before the auto inspection is completed and the "OL Ù"
RB = R1 - RA
symbols are showed, the measured objects cannot be
clamped on.
u
The jaw planes contact must be maintained clean, and should
not be polished with corrosive and rough materials.
RC = R3 - RA
u
First, link R A and RB with a test line; use the Meter to get the first
reading R1.
Avoid any impact onto this Meter, especially the jaw contact
planes.
u
This Meter will have some buzzing sound in measurement
process, and it is normal.
R1
u
Please take out the batteries in the case of the Meter being
idle for a long time.
RB
RA
RC
Second, have RB and RC linked up, as shown in the following figure.
Use the Meter to get the second reading R2.
u
Respect the polarity when connecting.
u
The dismantling, calibration and maintenance the Meter shall
be operated by the authorized staff.
u
If the continuing use of it would be dangerous, the Meter
should be stopped using immediately, and immediately sealed
for the treatment by the authorized agencies.
R2
RB
RA
II. Brief Introduction
RC
DY1100/DY1000 series of Pincer Ground Tester is a major
Third, have RC and RA linked up, as shown in the following figure.
breakthrough in traditional grounding resistance measurement. It is
Use the Meter to get the third reading R3.
widely used in the grounding resistance measurement of the power,
telecommunications, meteorology, oilfield, construction and the
industrial and electrical equipment.
RB
DY1100/DY1000
series
of
Pincer
Ground
Tester,
in
the
measurement of a grounding system with loop, does not require
breaking down the grounding wire, and need no auxiliary electrode.
RA
RC
R3
It is safe, fast and simple in use.
DY1100/DY1000 series of Pincer Ground Tester can measure out
Two-Point Method
the faults beyond the reach of the traditional methods, and can be
As shown in the figure below, in the vicinity of the measured
applied in the occasions not in the range of the traditional methods.
grounding body RA, find an independent grounding body of better
DY1100/DY1000 series of Pincer Ground can measure the
grounding state RB (for example, near a water pipe or a building).
integrated value of the grounding body resistance and the
RA and RB line will connect to each other using a single testing line.
grounding lead resistance.
DY1100/DY1000 series of Pincer Ground Tester is equipped with
either a long jaw or a short jaw, as indicated in the figure below.
A
long jaw is particularly suitable for the occasion of grounding with
the flat steel.
As the resistance value measured by the Meter is the value of the
series resistance from the testing line and two grounding
resistances.
RT=RA + RB + RL
Where: R T is the resistance value measured with the Meter.
RL is the resistance value of the testing line. Meter can
measure out the resistance value by connecting the test lines with
both ends.
III. Specification
So, if the measurement value of the Meter is smaller than the
1. Model of Series
Model
allowable value of the grounding resistance, then the two
Jaw
speci fication(m m)
Range
Measurement (
of
)
grounding bodies are qualified for grounding resistance.
(2) Three-Point Method
As shown in the figure below, in the vicinity of the measured
grounding body RA, find two independent grounding bodies of
better grounding state RB and RC.
Meter in the different grounding branches.
It is nonlinear equations with N unknown numbers and N equations.
2. Ranges and Accuracy of Measurement
It indeed has a definite solution, but it is very difficult to solve the
issue artificially, even impossible when N is larger.
Therefore, you’
re expected to buy the Limited-Point Grounding
System Solution software produced by this Company. Users can
use the office computer or notebook computer to carry out
solutions.
In principle, in addition to ignoring the mutual resistance, this
method does not have the measurement error caused by
neglecting R0.
However, users need to pay attention to that: in response to the
number of the grounding bodies mutually linked in your grounding
3. Technical Specifications
system, it is necessary to measure the same number of the testing
Power Source: 6VDC (4 ×5# alkaline battery)
values for calculating of the program, not more or less. And the
Working Temperature: -10 °-55 °C
program would output the same number of grounding resistance
Relative Humidity: 10%-90%
values.
LCD: 4-digital LCD, 47 × 28.5mm in length
3. Single-Point Grounding System
Span of Jaw: 28mm for a long jaw; 32mm for a round jaw
From the measuring principle, DY1100/DY1000 series Meter can
Meter Quality (including batteries): 1320g for a long jaw; 1120g
only measure the loop resistance, and the single-point grounding
for a round jaw
is not measured. However, users will be able to use a testing line
Meter Size: a long jaw is 293mm long and 90 mm wide, 66mm
very near to the earth electrode of the grounding system to
thick; a round jaw is 260mm long, 90 mm wide and 66mm thick
artificially create a loop for testing. The following presented is two
Protection Level: Double insulation
kinds of methods for the single-point grounding measurement by
Structural Feature: In the jaw way
use of the Meter. These two methods can be applied to the
Range Shift: Automatic
occasions beyond the reach of the traditional voltage-current
External Magnetic Field:
testing methods.
40A/m
towers are linked with each other through overhead ground wire;
External Electric Field:
1V/m
Besides, the grounding of some of the buildings is not an
Single Measuring Time: 1 second
independent grounding grid, but several grounding bodies
Maximum Resistance Measurement Resolution: 0.001 Ù
connected with each other through the wire.
Resistance Measurement Range: 0.01-1000 Ù
Under such circumstances, the above R0 regarded as 0, will yield
more error on the results of the measurement.
4. Reference conditions
Due to the same reasons mentioned above, we may ignore the
impact of the mutual resistance; and the equivalent resistance of
the grounding resistance paralleled is calculated by the usual
sense. Thus, for the grounding system of N (N is smaller, but larger
than 2) grounding bodies, it can offer N equations:
1
R1 +
1 + 1 + ......+ 1
R2 R3
RN
R2 +
5. Variations in the nominal working range
= R1T
1
= R2T
1
1
1
+ + ...... +
R1 R3
RN
.
.
.
RN +
1
= RNT
1
1
1
+
+ ...... +
R1 R2
R( N -1)
Where: R1, R2, … … RN are grounding resistances of N grounding
bodies.
R1T,R2T,… … RNT are the resistances measured with the
IV. Structure of Meter
As the Meter is in the above measurement, its equivalent electric
circuit is shown in the figure below:
1. Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)
2. Trigger: to control opening and closing of jaw
3. Pincer Jaw: Long jaw 65 x 32mm;
R1
R0
round jaw Ö 32mm
4. POWER Key: Boot Up / Shutdown / Quit
Where: R 1 is the target grounding resistance.
5. HOLD Key: lock / Release display
R0 is the equivalent resistance of the other entire tower
grounding resistances paralleled.
V. Crystal Display
Although strictly on the theoretical grounding, because of the
existence of so-called "mutual resistance”, R0 is not the usual
parallel value in the sense of electrical engineering (slightly higher
1. LCD Screen
than its IEC parallel output value). But because a tower-grounding
(1). Sign of low battery voltage
hemisphere was much smaller than the distance between the
(2). Resistance unit
towers, and with a great number of locations after all, R0 is much
(3). Data lock symbol
smaller than R1. Therefore, it can be justified to assume R0=0 from
(4). Symbol of an open jaw
an engineering perspective. In this way, the resistance we
(5). Metrication decimal point
measured should be R1.
(6). 4-digital LCD figures display
Times of comparing tests in different environments and different
occasions with the traditional method proved that the above
assumption is entirely reasonable.
2. Description of Special Symbols
.
Symbol of an open jaw: As a jaw is in the open state, the
symbol shows. At this point, trigger may be artificially pressed, or
the jaws have been seriously polluted, and can no longer continue
2. Limited Point Grounding System
This is also quite common. For example, in some towers, five
to measure.
.
Symbol of low battery voltage: when the battery voltage is
lower than 5.3V, the symbol shows. At this time, it cannot
the following formula.
guarantee accuracy of the measurements. Batteries should be
replaced.
. "OL Ù" symbol indicates that the measured resistance has
exceeded the upper limit of the Meter.
. "L0.01Ù" symbol indicates that the measured resistance has
exceeded the lower limit of the Meter.
3. Examples of displays
. ---Jaw is in open state, and cannot measure
IX. Measurement Method of Grounding
Resistance
1. Multi-Point Grounding System
As for the multi-point grounding system (such as electricity
transmission
---Measured loop resistance is less than 0.01 Ù
tower
grounding
system,
grounding
cable
communications systems, certain buildings, etc.), They usually
pass the overhead ground wire (cable shielding layer) connected
to form a grounding system.
. ---Measured loop resistance is 5.1 Ù
---Measured loop resistance is 2.1 Ù
R1
R2
R3
R4
It shows "OL Ù”, indicating that the measured resistance value
---Lock the current measurement value: 2.1 Ù
exceeded the upper limit of Meter, see Figure 3.
It shows "L0.01 ”, indicating that the measured resistance value
exceeded the lower limit of Meter, see Figure 5.
VI
Quick Find Table
Function
Boot Up / Shutdown / Shutdown Delay
4.
Key
POWER
Data Lock/Release
In the process of resistance measurement, press HOLD key to
Lock / Release Display
HOLD
lock the current show value, displaying HOLD symbol. Then press
VII. Operating Method
VIII. Measurement Principle
1. Boot Up
The basic principle of DY1100/DY1000 in the measurement of
Before booting up, the trigger should be pressed for a couple of
resistance is to measure the loop resistance, as shown in the
times to ensure the jaws are well closed.
figure below. The jaw part of the Meter is comprised of voltage coil
and current coil. The voltage coil provides excitation signal, and
will induce a potential E on the measured loop. Under the effects of
the potential E, the current I can generate on the measured loop.
The Meter will measure E & I, and the measured resistance R can
be obtained by
Press POWER key, and it is switched into the boot-up state. First
to automatically test LCD display, all its symbols show up, see
Figure 1. Then to start the auto inspection; in this process, it will be
followed by showing "CAL6, CAL5, CAL4:CAL0, OL
" , see
Figure 2. When "OL " appears, auto inspection is completed, and
then automatically enter the resistance measurement model, see
figure 3.
2. Shutdown
After the Meter is switched on, press POWER key to shut it down.
In five minutes after the Meter started up, the LCD screen entered
flashing state, and would automatically shut down after the flashing
state is sustained for 30 seconds to reduce battery consumption.
Press POWER key in flashing state may delay the shutdown of the
In the process of auto inspection, DO NOT press the trigger,
nor open the jaw, nor clamp any wire.
Meter, and keep it working.
In HOLD state, it is required to first press HOLD key to quit from
In auto-inspection process, be sure to maintain the natural static
state of the Meter; do not overturn the Meter, nor impose any
external force on the jaw. Otherwise, the accuracy of measurement
cannot be guaranteed.
In auto-inspection process, if the jaws clamped around a conductor
loop, the measurement is not accurate. Please remove conductor
loop and reboot it up.
If there was not an OL appearing after auto-inspection, but a
greater resistance value displayed, as shown in figure 4; But the
test loop detection can still give out the correct result. This shows
that the Meter has a larger error only in measuring the major
resistance (e.g. more than 100 ), whereas in measuring the small
resistance, it can still maintain the original accuracy, users can be
rest assured in use.
3. Resistance Measurement
After the booting auto-inspection is completed, it shows "OL Ù" and
will be able to proceed with resistance measurement. At this point,
press the trigger and open the jaws, clamp the target loop, reading
to get the resistance value.
If the user thinks it necessary, the test can be done with the ring as
shown in the following figure. Its show value should be consistent
with the normal value on the test ring (5.1 Ù).
The normal value on the test ringis the
value at a temperature of 20 °C.
It is normal to find the difference of
numerical 1 word between the show
value and the nominal value,
For instance: If the nominal value of
test ring is 5.1 Ù, it would be normal
showing 5.0 Ù or 5.2 Ù.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement