12:5 /l35 (+15%
US0073 89103B2
(12) United States Patent
(10) Patent N0.:
Stepanian
(45) Date of Patent:
(54)
TETHERED DIGITAL BUTLER CONSUMER
ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD
(76)
Inventor:
2004/0087369 A1
2004/0110563 A1
2004/0176170 A1
*
Jun. 17, 2008
5/2004 Tanaka et a1.
6/2004 Tanaka et a1.
9/2004 Eck et a1.
Robert Stepanian, 4134 Cranford Cir.,
2005/0012723 A1
1/2005 Pallakoff
San Jose, CA (US) 95124
2005/0130744 A1
6/2005 Eek et a1.
_
_
( ) Not1ce:
US 7,389,103 B2
_
_
_
Subject‘ to any d1scla1mer, the term of th1s
2005/0181877 A1
8/2005
Zoos/0197187 A1
9/2005 Mitsuyoshi et a1‘
Kuwahara et a1.
patent 1s extended or adjusted under 35
U.S.C. 154(b) by 97 days.
(21) Appl. N0.: 11/350,980
(22)
Filed:
(Continued)
Feb- 8, 2006
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
JP
(65)
US 2007/0042806 A1
Primary Examiner4Olisa AnWah
(74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiErnest J. Beifel, Jr.; Haynes
Be?el & Wolfeld LLP
(57)
ABSTRACT
Int. Cl.
H04B 1/06
(52)
4/2003
Feb. 22, 2007
Related U-s- APPhcatmn Data
(60) Provisional application No. 60/709,666, ?led on Aug.
19, 2005.
(51)
2003116074
Prior Publication Data
(200601)
US. Cl. ...................... ..
_
_
The present invention relates to a tethered digital butler
455/344; 713/186; 725/11;
382/124
_
d1g1tal butler, of a pr1ce and form factor su1table for con
(58) Field of Classi?cation Search ..............
_
1
.
d
d
h d Th
h d
consumer e ectromcs pro uct an met 0 .'
e tet ere
455/403,
Sumer electronics markets of developed and developing
455/344’ 713/186’ 725/11’ 6’ 382/124’
countries, includes a communications and multi-media con
_
379/ 88117’ 10203
See apphcanon ?le for Complete Search hlstory'
(56)
sole and a Wireless remote. The remote may resemble a
handheld personal computer (HPC), a palm-held personal
References Cited
computer (PPC or PDA) or a smart phone, but has a loW cost
and feature set supported by the console that is novel in the
Us PATENT DOCUMENTS
5 546 471 A * 8/1996 Merjanian
536503831 A
7/1997 Farwell
6,710,790 B1
3/2004 pagioli
382/124
""""""""" "
consumer electronics market. In particular, this disclosure
relates to combining telephone service, device control and,
optionally, a ?ngerprint reader for easy user identi?cation/
authorization and personalization. As another option, a cam
6,970,098 B1* 11/2005 Adams et a1, ,,,,,,, __ 340/825,69
era can be incorporated into the remote, thereby enabling
2002/0002707 A1
2002/0045484 A1
l/2002 Ekel et a1.
4/2002 Eck eta1~
video conferencing and other visual features. The remote
may be packaged separately from a console and sold to
2002/0059588 A1:
5/2002 Huber et a1. ................ .. 725/3/5
interact With Capabilities of a Communications and multi_
Eilmsey Cam“ """"""" " 725 6
media console from a different source, such as one running
20020158812 A1
10/2002 paillirip?
2003/0228883 A1
12/2003 Kusakari et a1.
2004/0024638 A1
on a Windows, OS X or Linux platform.
2/2004 Restis
12 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets
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US 7,389,103 B2
Page 2
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS
2006/0106963 A1
2006/0107281 Al*
2005/0282634 A1
2005/0282639 A1
12/2005 Yamada et 3112/2005 Tanaka et 31-
2006/0040638 Al*
2/2006 McQuaide, Jr. ........... .. 455/403
2006/0079329 A1
4/2006 Yamada et a1.
2006/0271791 Al*
2006/0282572 Al*
* cited by examiner
5/2006 Sasaki et a1.
5/2006
Dunton ...................... ..
725/11
11/2006 Novack et a1. ........... .. 713/186
12/2006 Steinberg e161. ........... .. 710/62
U.S. Patent
Jun. 17, 2008
Sheet 4 0f 6
LPC 2132 CPU
US 7,389,103 B2
glzig?sviozp‘
as
|°°
sol
UART
ZV4301 Bluetooth SOC
5oz,
MSM 7716 OK!
codec
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FIG. 5
PE aker
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US 7,389,103 B2
1
2
TETHERED DIGITAL BUTLER CONSUMER
ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD
sumer electronics markets of developed and developing
countries, includes a communications and multi-media con
sole and a Wireless remote. The remote may resemble a
handheld personal computer (HPC), a palm-held personal
RELATED APPLICATIONS
computer (PPC or PDA) or a smart phone, but has a loW cost
This application claims the bene?t of and priority to US.
and feature set supported by the console that is novel in the
Provisional Application No. 60/709,666 ?led Aug. 19, 2005
by inventor Robert Stepanian, entitled, “TETHERED DIGI
consumer electronics market. In particular, this disclosure
relates to combining telephone service, device control and,
TAL BUTLER CONSUMER ELECTRONIC DEVICE
AND METHOD”. This application is related to US. Design
10
Pat. Application Nos. 29/236,023, 29/236,022 and 29/236,
022, ?led on Aug. 10, 2005 by inventors Phoebe Ng, Robert
Stepanian and Allison S. Conner, entitled, “NAVIGATION
BUTTON ARRAY FOR REMOTE CONTROL HOUS
ING”, “REMOTE CONTROL HOUSING” and “CON
optionally, a ?ngerprint reader for easy user identi?cation/
authoriZation and personaliZation. As another option, a cam
era can be incorporated into the remote, thereby enabling
video conferencing and other visual features. The remote
may be packaged separately from a console and sold to
interact With capabilities of a communications and multi
media console from a different source, such as one running
on a WindoWs, OS X or Linux platform. Particular aspects
SOLE HOUSING”. The provisional and related design
applications are incorporated by reference.
of the present invention are described in the claims, speci
?cation and draWings.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
20
The present invention relates to a tethered digital butler
consumer electronics product and method. The tethered
digital butler, of a price and form factor suitable for con
sumer electronics markets of developed and developing
countries, includes a communications and multi-media con
sole and a Wireless remote. The remote may resemble a
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the digital butler remote.
Details of the main processor are depicted in FIG. 2.
The LPC 2132 memory maps are shoWn in FIG. 3.
25
handheld personal computer (HPC), a palm-held personal
computer (PPC or PDA) or a smart phone, but has a loW cost
and feature set supported by the console that is novel in the
consumer electronics market. In particular, this disclosure
30
relates to combining telephone service, device control and,
optionally, a ?ngerprint reader for easy user identi?cation/
authoriZation and personalization. The remote may be pack
aged separately from a console and sold to interact With
capabilities of a communications and multi-media console
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 4 shoWs the 8051 based Philips LPC89LPC931
controller.
FIG. 5 shoWs the ZV4301 to other CPU and peripheral
interfaces.
FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the console.
FIG. 7 is an alternative block diagram of the digital butler
remote, With a CMOS camera module.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
35
The folloWing detailed description is made With reference
OS X or Linux platform.
to the ?gures. Preferred embodiments are described to
illustrate the present invention, not to limit its scope, Which
Convergence of digital devices is not unbounded, because
it is guided by market realities. Many concepts are ?oated as
is de?ned by the claims. Those of ordinary skill in the art
Will recogniZe a variety of equivalent variations on the
from a different source, such as one running on a WindoWs,
trial balloons that burst, never to see an enabling develop
40
ment effort or a reduction to practice. Some convergence
description that folloWs.
A tethered digital butler produces a loW cost, palm-held
trends are strong and noteWorthy. Cellular smartphones or
business phones such as Treo or Blackberry products are
remote With a novel combination of features that are imple
becoming poWerful and supplanting separate PDAs. These
Wirelessly to the palm-held remote. Tethering the palm-held
smartphones go With the user across a cellular netWork and
even overseas. They are untethered, packing many features
into a small form factor, not requiring a console. Another
trend is to repackage a PC as media center, complete With a
device, so that it depends on logic and resources of the
console, runs against the trends and teachings of the con
mented by logic and resources of the console, connected
sumer electronics industry and particularly against the trend
toWard more poWerful smartphones.
Wireless keyboard. Recent announcements suggest interfac
ing a Microsoft media center With a Bluetooth-equipped
cellular telephone to use the sound reproduction of a TV as
Various novel combinations of features are emphasiZed in
50
this application. One Will recogniZe that the features dis
a sort of speaker phone, relying on the cellular telephone for
cussed can be combined in many Ways, While remaining
faithful to the tethered digital butler concept. In a ?rst
netWork connectivity. In both instances, the telephone fea
embodiment of the tethered digital butler, the palm-held
tures are untethered from and do not depend on availability
remote alloWs a user to select among and use logic and
of a console.
55 resources of a bread-box or smaller siZed console to authen
For developing countries and cost-conscious buyers, the
ticate users from a ?ngerprint reader on the remote, to
Treo and media center approaches are over-built and too
personaliZe the user’s telephone and internet broWsing expe
expensive. An opportunity arises to provide a loW-cost
riences, to connect the user to a telephone netWork consis
integrated consumer electronics system that includes a novel
feature set and a cost-effective allocation of technical tasks
tent With the user’s authentication, and to control multi
60
media features, such as channel control, volume control,
DVD/CD playback control, and digitally stored music
betWeen a remote and a console.
access and playback. In this embodiment, the palm-held
remote integrates at least a ?ngerprint reader, a speaker,
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
microphone and volume control adapted for use as a tele
The present invention relates to a tethered digital butler
consumer electronics product and method. The tethered
digital butler, of a price and form factor suitable for con
65
phone, a display at least capable of shoWing a telephone
number, a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and
control resources of the console, a compact keypad includ
US 7,389,103 B2
3
4
ing numeric keys usable for telephone dialing, the compact
keypad further including alphabetic keys usable for Web
a ?ngerprint in order to unlock the DRM rights. When a user
visits a neighbor’s console, they may take along their
browsing. The bread-box or smaller siZed console integrates
at least a DVD/CD player, a netWork port and logic and
hand-held remote and the associated digital rights for use on
the neighbor’s console.
resources adapted to authenticate users of the palm-held
The console may be equipped With a remote locator
remote and personaliZe their telephone netWork connection
and their Internet broWsing based on ?ngerprints received
from the palm-held remote, connect telephone features of
the palm-held remote to the telephone netWork, respond to
Internet broWsing commands from the palm-held remote and
control button that causes the remote to emit a tone Which
makes it easier to locate.
The form factor of a palm-held remote should be easily
recogniZed.
display Web pages on a monitor or television, control
The form factor of a bread-box or smaller siZed console
channels accessed by a video receiver, drive speakers and
can be judged by volume. A smallish consumer electronics
component uses an enclosure (from Which connectors and
feet protrude) that is 12 by 15 by 3 inches and has a volume
of 540 cubic inches. This is an approximately bread-box
provide volume control, provide playback control for the
DVD/CD player, and access and playback digitally stored
music.
In a second embodiment of the tethered digital butler, the
palm-held remote has feWer components; the console sup
siZed enclosure, although the shape differs from a loaf of
bread.
ports feWer features; thus, the combination Will be less
The ?fth embodiment, adapted to compliment media
expensive and more attractive in many markets. Remote
components then include a speaker, microphone and volume
20
control adapted for use as a telephone, a display at least
capable of shoWing a telephone number, a cursor control and
trigger adapted to select and control resources of the con
sole, and a compact keypad including numeric keys usable
for telephone dialing. The ?ngerprint reader is not included,
25
nor is the alphabetic keypad. The logic and resources of the
console are reduced accordingly. Logic and resources of the
console need not authenticate and personaliZe based on
?ngerprints or access and playback digitally stored music.
Internet broWsing may be limited or may be supported by an
on-screen keyboard.
In a third embodiment of the tethered digital butler, the
DVD/ CD player is omitted from the console. The features of
the palm-held remote do not much change, but the logic and
In any of these embodiments, a camera module can be
30
a communications and/or multi-media console, such as one
running under WindoWs, OS X or Linux.
Remote HardWare
35
PC, Which may be larger than bread-box siZed. This typi
40
time-shift playback from the video receiver and its logic and
Introduction
The digital butler remote is a gadget based on the Blue
tooth or another Wireless technology used for communica
tions and remote control applications.
Features
The digital butler remote board is an ARM7 processor
based solution.
This remote is built around the Philips LPC2l32 ARM
controller. The main processor provides interfaces for the
resources are further adapted to provide a menu of upcoming
video content, schedule recording of the video content and
replay the video content. Alternatively, the non-volatile
memory may be siZed to hold a library of digital music.
In another aspect of these embodiments, the remote may
native to a communications and/or multi-media console,
such as one running under WindoWs, OS X or Linux.
incorporated into the remote, thereby enabling video con
ferencing and other visual features. The camera is comple
mented by a glue logic application supplied for or native to
resources required of the console are reduced.
In fourth embodiment, the console is implemented on a
cally Would be less desirable, as most PCs do not ?t a media
room decor and are relatively loud, due to fans and hard disk
rotation.
As a further aspect of these embodiments, the console
may be equipped With a non-volatile memory siZed to
center products, is a palm-held remote and a glue logic
application that enables the media center to utiliZe the
special purpose controls of the remote. The remote may be
adapted to invoke a glue logic application supplied for or
45
Keypad, Trackball, 128*32 graphics LCD module, ?nger
50
print sensor, and Bluetooth SOC. The Bluetooth SOC and
Zeevo ZV4301 interface With a microphone, speaker and
headphone for voice utilities. The system may use a Philips
89LPC931 controller for the keypad interface through a 12C
Bus. An alternative hardWare con?guration is illustrated in
be a key for DRM. Either memory on the remote, a memory
module or an identi?cation reader combined With the remote
may serve as the DRM key. The identi?cation reader can
read a smart card or similar module With memory or can read
FIG. 7.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the digital butler remote.
Embodiment Details
Chip Name
Chip number
Description
Main processor
LPC2132, Philips.
Main CPU, 60 MHZ/64 Kb ?ash/l6 Kb
(100)
Keypad controller
SRAM
89LPC931, Philips.
8051 MCU compatible With 8 KB ?ash,
DDGl28032AAD, DDTL.
128*32 graphics parallel/serial LCD
TBWBZAOO, ITT cannon.
Miniature all directional scanning sWitch.
12C interface.
(122)
LCD Display module
Module.
(133)
TrackBall (123)
Fingertip sensor (121) AES3400, Authentech.
Bluetooth SOC (132)) ZV4301, Zeevo.
Fingertip sensor With SPI interfaces.
Bluetooth SOC With, UART interface.
US 7,389,103 B2
-continued
Embodiment Details
Chip Name
Chip number
Description
Flash Memory (131)
AT49BV802A, Atmel.
MSM7716, OKI.
Bluetooth SOC Flash, 8 Mb
Codec IC (141)
Power Supply (113)
LTC 3440EDD - Linear
Micro power synchronous 600 ma Buck
Technology.
Boost Dc-DC converter
Single rail codec.
Additional details of the main processor are depicted in
FIG. 2. The LPC2132 (100) is based on a 32/16-bit
Up to nine edge or level sensitive external interrupt pins
ARM7TDM1-S CPU (232) with real time emulation and
60 MHz maximum CPU clock available from program
embedded trace support, together with 64 Kbytes (KB) of
embedded high speed ?ash memory (223). A 128 bit wide
memory interface (211, 212, 222) and accelerator architec
On-chip crystal oscillator with an operating range of 1
ture enable 32 bit code execution at maximum clock rate.
For critical code size applications, an alternate 16 bit “thumb
mode” reduces code by more then 30% with minimal
Power saving modes include idle and Power-down.
Individual enable/disable of peripheral functions as well
as peripheral clock scaling down for additional power
performance penalty. Due to their tiny size and low power
consumption, these micro controllers are typically used for
miniaturized applications, such as hand-held equipment.
Most peripheral pins can also be remapped as General
Purpose I/O pins. The system includes on-chip SRAM of 16
KB (213) and is well suited for communication gateways
and protocol converters, soft modems, voice recognition and
(224) available.
mable on-chip PLL (241).
MHz to 30 MHz.
optimization.
Processor wake-up from Power-down mode via external
interrupt (224).
25
Single power supply chip with POR and BOD circuits.
CPU operating voltage range of 3.0 V to 36 V (33
V:10%) with 5 V tolerant I/O pads.
low end managing, providing both large bulfer size and high
processing power. Various 32-bit timers (247, 248), 10-bit 8
channel ADC(s) (226), 10-bit DAC (227), PWM channels
The LPC 2132’s 64 KB of ?ash memory (223) may be
used for both code and data storage. Programming of the
?ash memory may be accomplished in several ways. It may
be programmed in the system via the serial port (245). The
(225) and 47 GPIO lines (228) with up to nine edge or level
sensitive external interrupt pins, make these microcontrol
lers particularly suitable for industrial control and hand-held
while the application is running, allowing ?exibility for data
systems.
The integrated ARM microprocessor operates at 60 MHz
and, in one embodiment, supports the following features:
16/32-bit ARM7TDM1-S microcontroller (232) in a tiny
LQFP64 package.8/ 16/32 KB of on-chip static RAM
(213) and 64/512 KB of on-chip Flash program
memory (223). A 128 bit wide interface/accelerator
application program may also erase and/ or program the ?ash
storage ?eld ?rm grade upgrades, etc. While the on chip boot
35
100,000 erase/write cycles and 20 years of data retention.
On-chip static RAM (213) may be used for code and/ or data
storage. The SRAM may be accessed as 8 bits, 16 bits or 32
40
45
lines have the following features.
50
several distinct regions. In addition, the CPU interrupt
log output.
55
(225) and watchdog (248).
Real-time clock (247) equipped with independent power
and clock supply permitting extremely low power
consumption in power-save modes. Multiple serial
interfaces including two UART (16C550) (246), two
Fast I2C-bus (400 Kb/s) (244), SP1 and SSP (245) with
buffering and variable data length capabilities.
Vectored interrupt controller (253) with con?gurable pri
orities and vector addresses.
Up to 47 5 V tolerant general purpose I/O pins (228) in
tiny LQFP64 package.
Direction control of individual bits.
Separate control of output set and clear.
All I/O default to inputs after reset.
The LPC 2132 memory maps shown in FIG. 3 incorporate
vectors may be re-mapped to allow them to reside in either
Two 32-bit timers/counters (with four capture and four
compare channels each) (225), PWM unit (six outputs)
dynamically con?gured as inputs or outputs. Separate reg
isters allow setting or clearing any number of outputs
simultaneously. The value of the output register may be read
back, as well as the current state of the port pins. The GPIO
time debugging with the on-chip real monitor software
and high speed tracing of instruction execution. One 8
channel 10-bit A/D converters (226) provides a total of
up to 16 analog inputs, with conversion times as low as
244 us per channel.
Single 10-bit D/A converter (227) provides variable ana
bits wide. General purpose parallel U0 is supported by
device pins that are connected to a speci?c peripheral
function are controlled by the GPIO registers. Pins may be
(211, 212, 222) enables high speed 60 MHz operation.
In-System/In-Application Programming (ISP/IAP) via
on-chip boot-loader software. Single Flash sector or
full chip erase in 400 ms and programming of 256 bytes
in 1 Ms. Embedded Trace interfaces (231) offer real
loader is used, 64 KB ?ash memory is available for user
code. The LPC2132 ?ash memory provides a minimum of
Flash memory (by default) or on-chip static RAM.
The vectored interrupt controller (VIC) accepts all of the
interrupt request inputs and categorizes them as FIQ, vec
tored IRQ, and non vectored IRQ as de?ned by program
mable setting. The programmable assignment scheme means
that priorities of interrupts from the various peripherals can
be dynamically assigned and adjusted.
Fast interrupt request (FIQ) has the highest priority. If
more than one request is assigned to FIQ, the VIC combines
65
the requests to produce the FIQ signal to the ARM processor.
The fastest possible FIQ latency is achieved when only one
request is classi?ed as FIQ, because then the FIQ service
routine can simply start dealing with that device. But if more
than one request is assigned to the FIQ class, the FIQ
US 7,389,103 B2
7
8
services routine can read a Word from the VIC that identi?es
operating mode is selected. The RTC uses little poWer,
an FIQ source that is requesting an interrupt. Vectored IRAs
have middle priority. Sixteen of the interrupts can be
assigned to this category. Any of the interrupt requests can
be assigned to any of the 16 vectored IRQ slots, among
Which slot 0 has the highest priority and slot 15 has the
making it suitable for battery poWered systems Where the
CPU is not running continuously (idle mode). The features
of RTC are described beloW.
Measures the passage of time to maintain a calendar and
clock.
loWest. Non-vectored IRQ’s have the loWest priority.
Ultra loW poWer design to support battery poWered sys
The VIC combines the requests from all the vectored and
non-vectored IRAs to produce the IRQ signal to the ARM
processor. The IRQ service routine can start by reading the
register from the VIC and jumping there. If any of the
vectored IRAs are requested, the VIC provides the address
tems.
Provides seconds, minutes, hours, day, month, year, day
of Week, and the day of year.
Programmable reference clock divider alloWs adjustment
of the RTC to match various crystal frequencies.
of the highest-priority requesting IRAs service routine,
read another VIC register to see What IRAs are active.
The 8051 based Philips LPC89LPC931 controller in FIG.
4 is suitable for keyboard interface. The P89LPC930/931
(404) is based on a high performance processor architecture
The LPC 2132 contains tWo UARTs (246). One UART
provides a full modem control handshake interface, the other
provides only transmit and receive data lines. The features of
UART is listed beloW:
16 byte, receive and transmit FIFO s.
Register locations conform to ‘550’ industry standard.
rate of standard 80C51 devices. Many system-level func
tions have been incorporated into the P89LPC930/931 in
order to reduce component count, board space, and system
cost. The P89LPC931 has the folloWing enhanced features:
A high performance ARM processor 80C51 CPU pro
otherWise it provides the address of a default routine that is
shared by all the non vectored IRAs. The default routine can
that executes instructions in tWo to four clocks, six times the
20
vides instruction cycle times of 111 ns to 222 ns for
Receiver, FIFO trigger points at 1, 4, 8, and 14 bytes.
Built in baud rate generator.
Standard modem interface signals included on UART 1.
12C (244) is a bi-directional bus for inter IC control using
only tWo Wires, a serial clock line (SCL) and a serial data
25
line (SDA). Each device is recogniZed by a unique address
and can operate as either a receiver only device or a
transmitter With the capability both to receive and send
information.
Transmitters and/or receivers can operate in either master
or slave mode, depending on Whether the chip has to initiate
30
a data transfer or is only addressed. I2C is a multi-master bus
that can be controlled by more than one bus master con
storage.
35
nected to it.
I2C implemented in LPC2132 support bit rate up to 400
kbit/s (Fast 12C). The features of LPC2132 I2C bus is listed
beloW:
Standard I2C compliant bus interface.
Enhanced UART With fractional baud rate generator,
40
interrupt inputs.
45
Compliant With serial peripheral interface (SPI) speci?
Four interrupt priority levels.
On-chip poWer-on reset alloWs operation Without external
Without corruption of serial data on the bus.
Serial clock synchronization alloWs devices With different
The I2C bus may be used for test diagnostics purposes.
The SPI (245) is a full duplex serial I/O interface,
designed to be able to handle multiple masters and slaves
connected to a given bus. A single master and a single slave
communicate on the interface during a given data transfer.
During a data transfer, the master alWays sends a byte of data
to the slave, and the slave alWays sends a byte of data to the
master. The features of the SP1 controller is listed beloW:
break detect, framing error detection, automatic
address detection and versatile interrupt capabilities.
400 kHZ byte-Wide 12C-bus communication port.
Eight keypad interrupt inputs, plus tWo additional external
Arbitration betWeen simultaneously transmitting masters
bit rates to communicate via one serial bus.
Serial clock synchronization can be used as a hand shack
mechanism to suspend and resume serial transfer.
Flash program operation completes in 2 ms.
256-byte RAM data memory.
Real-time clock that can also be used as a system timer.
Easy to con?gure as master, slave, or line-select master or
slave.
Programming clocks alloW versatile rate control.
Bi-directional data transfer betWeen masters and slaves.
Multi master bus (no center master)
instructions except multiply and divide, When execut
ing at 18 MHZ. This is six times the performance of the
standard 80C51 running at the same clock frequency. A
loWer clock frequency for the same performance results
in poWer savings and reduced EMI.
2.4 V to 3.6 V VDD operating range. I/O pins are 5 V
tolerant.
8 kB ?ash code memory With 1 kB sectors, and 64-byte
page siZe.
Byte-erase alloWing code memory to be used for data
reset components. A reset counter and reset glitch suppres
sion circuitry prevent spurious and incomplete resets. A
50
softWare reset function is also available.
The keypad 8*13 matrix (406) is connected to the GPIO
lines of P89LPC931 micro controller (404). The keypad has
8 return lines and 13 scan lines. The return lines are
connected to the keyboard port of the P89LPC931 micro
55
controller. The P89LPC931 is connected to the main pro
cessor LPC2132 through the 12C bus to minimiZe the
number of pins on the main processor.
The custom softWare is loaded into the ?ash program
memory of the P89LPC931 micro controller Which scans the
60
keypad and generates ASCII codes and communicates to the
main processor through the 12C bus. The P89LPC931 micro
controller is normally kept in poWer save mode, and it Will
cation.
Synchronous, serial, full duplex, communication.
Combined SPI master and slave.
aWaken in response to keyboard interrupts after the key
Maximum data bit rate of one eighth of the input clock
press. The keyboard port of P89LPC931 has a change on
rate.
The real time clock (RTC) (247) is designed to provide a
set of counters to measure time When normal or ideal
65
status interrupt feature, and hence any key press Will gen
erate the keyboard interrupt. The key bounces are taken care
of by the softWare.
US 7,389,103 B2
9
10
The QWERTY keyboard has the Chinese character entry
feature and the software transfers the Chinese corresponding
Dots pitch 0.232(W)*0.265(H) mm.
Dots siZe 0.202(W)*0.235(H) mm.
The ITT cannon TBWB2A00 trackball (123) is a minia
ASCII codes to the main processor in Chinese key entry
mode.
The following tables describe interfaces among the CPU
ture all directional scanning sWitch developed for mobile,
remote, PDA, notebook PC, and hand-held device applica
tions. It includes tWo perpendicular rollers actuated by
(100), keyboard controller (404) and matrix (406):
friction on the ball and tWo spring contacts Which generate
(by contact closing and opening) the electrical pulses and a
light tactile e?fect (click) at each pulse. A sWitch called
“Select” is integrated in the trackball. Optimally, tWo LEDs
Keyboard Controller to CPU Interface
Signal
LPC2132
P89LPC93
Remarks
can be included With the trackball and driven according to
the Wishes of the user. Several tactile effects can be obtained
Serial I2C Data
Serial I2C clock
SDA
SCL
SDA
SCL
I2C interface
I2C interface
according to the number of tooth integrated in the gear axle;
the standard resolution is 12 pulses per ball rotation. When
the Trackball is activated, its relative position changes are
analyZed in tWo directions X and Y. The tWo perpendicular
rollers are actuated by friction on the ball. During their
revolution, the rollers activate tWo spring contacts Which
Keyboard Controller to Matrix Interface
generate (by contact closing and opening) the electrical
20
Signal
To track the ball movements, a simple electronic device
Signal
Nalne
key board
Remarks
K131.0 Keybd input 1
KBI.1 Keybd input 2
K13I.2 Keybd input 3
K13I.3 Keybd input 4
KBIA Keybd input 5
K13I.5 Keybd input 6
K13I.6 Keybd input 7
K13I.7 Keybd input 8
K130.0 Keybd output
P0.0
P0.1
P02
P0.3
PO.4
P0.5
P06
P0.7
P2.0
RET LINE 1
RET LINE 2
RET LINE 3
RET LINE 4
RET LINE 5
RET LINE 6
RET LINE 7
RET LINE 8
SCAN LINE 1
Keybd
Keybd
Keybd
Keybd
Keybd
Keybd
Keybd
Keybd
Keybd
P2.1
SCAN LINE 2 Keybd Scan line 2
P2.2
SCAN LINE 3 Keybd Scan line 3
P2.3
SCAN LINE 4 Keybd Scan line 4
P2.4
SCAN LINE 5 Keybd Scan line 5
P2.5
SCAN LINE 6 Keybd Scan line 6
P2.6
SCAN LINE 7 Keybd Scan line 7
P2.7
SCAN LINE 8 Keybd Scan line 8
P1.0
SCAN LINE 9 Keybd Scan line 9
P1.1
SCAN LINE
Keybd Scan line 10
K130.10 Keybd output P1.4
SCAN LINE
Keybd Scan line 11
SCAN LINE
Keybd Scan line 12
SCAN LINE
Keybd Scan line 13
Return line
Return line
Return line
Return line
Return line
Return line
Return line
Return line
Scan line 1
tied to the direction contacts converts the vertical and
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
horiZontal displacements of the both perpendicular rollers in
logical levels of X-axis and Y-axis displacements: Some
25
pull-up resistors (or respectively pull doWn resistors) are tied
to the axis direction contacts While the common contact is
tied to the ground (or respectively to the poWer supply
potential). The change in state interrupts the main LPC2132
processor (100). The output pulse frequency is directly
30
1
K130.1 Keybd output
pulses.
proportional to the moving speed and the direction. The
pulse frequency is processed by the main processor
LPC2132 and the corresponding PS2 data sent to the host
2
K130.2 Keybd output
system.
3
K130.3 Keybd output
35
4
KBOA Keybd output
5
K130.5 Keybd output
based image capture With a proprietary sensor control and
matching algorithms to deliver ability-to-acquire (ATA)
6
K130.6 Keybd output
7
K130.7 Keybd output
40
skin to the living layer beloW Where the unique ridge and
valley patterns of the ?ngerprint originate. Trueprint is
9
K130.9 Keybd output
45
10
AuthenTec’s unique patented imaging technology. During
imaging, a small near-?eld signal is generated betWeen the
IC and the ?nger’s living tissue layer. 16,384 individual
11
K130.11 Keybd output P1.6
?ngerprint images and authentication. AuthenTec’s Entre
Pad AES3400 utiliZes TruePrint Technology, alloWing the
sensor to look past the easily obscured outer surface of the
8
K130.8 Keybd output
The AuthenTec EntrePad, AES3400, AuthenTec’s 3rd
generation loW poWer, small form-factor ?ngerprint identi
?cation sensor IC (121). This product combines silicon
elements in the sensor matrix form a planar antenna array
that receives this signal, creating a digital pattern that
12
Kl30.l2 Keybd output P1.7
13
50
tion. This tool analyZes each image, controlling up to 15
sensor parameters to optimiZe the ?ngerprint image, regard
The LCD display (133) DD12803AAD, in one embodi
less of unusual skin conditions or surface contamination.
ment, is a 128*32 dot matrix LCD module. The LCD
Module can be easily accessed via parallel micro controller
GPIO interface. Its features include:
The TruePrint high-quality ?ngerprint imaging technology
55
suited to Bluetooth communications. These sensors auto
FSTN LCD.
matically generate interrupts and reduce system overhead
Graphic 128*32 dot-matrix display format.
1/33 duty multiplexing ratio.
1/ 16 bias.
6 o’clock vieWing direction.
Dimension outline 35(W)*28.9(H)*1.75(D) mm.
Resolution 128*32 dots.
Active area 29.66(W)*8.45(W) mm.
enables reliable authentication.
The ?ngerprint sensor is small, battery friendly and Well
Trans?ective display mode and positive type, B/ W mode,
Parallel input data from micro controller.
accurately reproduces the ?ngerprint’s underlying structure.
A poWerful utility Within TruePrint is Dynamic Optimiza
60
needed for ?nger detection.
Features of the ?ngerprint component, in one embodi
ment, include:
TruePrint technology for ability to acquire (ATA)
Compact industry standard 100-Pin LQFP Package
High de?nition 128x128 TruePrint technology based
pixel array
500 pixels per inch (ppi)
US 7,389,103 B2
11
12
Extended Range 2.7V to 3.6V single power supply
64 K bytes of SRAM.
The radio features include:
Integrated RF interface connects directly to antenna.
Integrated poWer ampli?er supports up to +4 dBm output
poWer for class 2 & 3 operation.
0° C. to +700 C. operating temperature range
Easy to integrate USB 2.0 full speed, synchronous &
asynchronous serial, & 8-bit parallel system interfaces
6 or 12 MHZ operation With crystal or supplied clock
input
High sensitive design (—86 dBm typically).
USB selective suspend support
Ultra-hard surface coating
1 million rubs W/o degradation
Highly scratch resistant
IEC 61000-4-2 level 3 ESD capability (+/—8 KV)
Built-in loW poWer ?nger detection W/system interrupt
Class 1 operation is supported With an external poWer
ampli?er/LNA interface.
IF4enhanced direct conversion receiver architecture.
Integrated TX/Rx sWitch, balun, and matching netWork in
an LTCC package.
LoW poWer consumption receiver design.
capability
Multiplexed RX/TX antenna interface.
LoW poWer operation; <6 mW/imaging event.
The interface of these ?ngertip sensors is pin selectable
choices. The SPI interface ?nger chip sensor is selected
Fully integrated PLL synthesiZer and loop ?lterirequires
external 12 MHZ crystal.
The baseband and softWare features include:
Required and optional Bluetooth 1.2 features faster con
so that the ?nger tip sensor is connected to the SP1 port
(245) of the main processor.
The Zeevo ZV4301 in FIG. 5 used in one embodiment is
a Bluetooth SOC adapted to provide a high bandWidth CPU
nection, extended SCO link, adaptive frequency hop
ping (AFH), QOS, ?oW control.
20
Direct memory access (DMA) for loW overhead UART
control.
Standard Bluetooth HCI interface over UART and USB.
Support for a range of Bluetooth data rates (57.6-723
25
Support for multiple ACL and HC-SCO packet types.
Park, snilf, and hold modes.
system to add Wireless connectivity to their product. The ZV
4301 (502) incorporates the industry standard 32 bit
ARM7TDM1 CPU core With high bandWidth processing
capability sufficient to support a Wide range of embedded
applications. The ZV4301 operates from —25 C to 85 C and
comes in a lead free version. The ZV4301 is implemented in
a 0.18 micro meter CMOS process and includes the inte
Point-to-point, point-to-multipoint, and scatter net.
gration of all RF components and digital circuitry. The only
external components needed are an antenna, crystal, refer
ence resister, decoupling capacitors, and ?ash memory. The
ZV4301 is designed for loW poWer applications including
30
sleep and deep sleep modes, and operates from a single 3.3V
supply. The ZV4301 is manufactured in a 8.6><8.6><1.65 mm
LTCC BGA package With 100 balls.
The ZV4301 is supplied With a link library for a complete
loWer layer protocol stack and source code to the blueOS
operating system, target manager and link manager API.
Upper layers are supported through the Zeevo partner pro
gram With ?rmWare, Bluetooth protocol stack softWare and
Bluetooth pro?les available from Zeevo’s extensive partner
35
Up to 7 slaves and up to 4 Pico nets supported.
u-LaW, A-LaW and CVSD transcoders on SCO channel
Full 8- to 128 bit encryption.
The baseband modem includes:
Demodulator, modulator, RX/TX self calibration, burst
timing control and transmitter burst spectral shaping.
FEC encoder/decoder, data Whitening, encryption4de
cryption, and cyclic redundancy check.
Link controller for synchroniZation, frequency hope con
trol, and receiver/transmitter slot timing.
The external bus interface includes:
40
list.
8,16-bit data bus.
23-bit address bus.
Support for 2 memory banks. Each bank supports up to 16
The Zeevo4301 typical application supports AV equip
ment, smart phones, personal digital assistants, printers,
Mbytes ?ash and SRAM, With independent timing
cellular peripherals, access points and industry controls.
Features include:
Kb/sec)
control for each bank.
45
GPIO can function as additional interrupts.
Bluetooth 1.2 compliant.
High bandWidth ARM7TDM1 processor subsystem.
3 dedicated chip selects, each With independent timing
12, 24 and 48 MHZ CPU clocksiselectable on chip PLL
3 indicated interrupt lines.
from single 12 MHZ input.
Highly integrated loW cost solution: Radio, link control
control.
The UART includes:
50
and CPU are integrated.
16450 register set compatible UART.
High throughput.
9600, 19.2K, 384K, 5761K, 115.2K, 2304K, 460.8K,
Tested quali?ed softWare stack available.
Support for very loW poWer modesisleep and deep
RTS and CTS ?oW control signals for UART.
Direct Memory Access (DMA) for loW overhead UART
control.
The USB support includes:
USB version 2.0 compliant interface.
sleep.
and 921.6 Kbs UART baud rates.
55
Audio capability on an SCO channel.
On chip crystal tuning and poWer calibration.
Complete co-location and co-existence solutions With
802.11 supported through AWMA, AFH and SFH.
The CPU and memory support include:
USB Wakeup and detach sideband signals supported.
60
The general purpose I/O features:
12 24 and 48 MHZ operation.
32/16 bit RISC architecture, 32 bit ARM instruction.
16 bit Thumb instruction set for increased code density.
32 bit ALU and high performance multiplier.
Extensive debug facilitiesiJTAG.
8 K bytes of boot ROM.
Direct Memory Access (DMA) for loW overhead USB
control.
ARM7TDM1 processor core.
Sixteen individually programmable general purpose I/O.
65
Con?gurable for UART Wake up hand shaking.
Base band and CPU activity indication.
USB/UART mode select.
Each GPIO can be used as interrupt.
US 7,389,103 B2
14
13
speaker and headphone could interface through the Blue
The pulse code modulator support includes:
PCM interface for audio applications: PCM-OUT,
PCM_IN, PCM_CLK, and
tooth module, as described in the context of FIG. 1.
From FIG. 7, the components include the main processor
700, Which couples to the Bluetooth module 732, WiFi
module 751 and audio codec 741. The audio codec couples
to speaker 752, microphone 751, audio jack 753. The main
PCM SYNC.
Linear u-LaW and A-LaW codes supported.
Interface to OKI MSM 7732-01 and OKI 7716 codec.
Direct Memory Access (DMA) for loW overhead PCM
processor also may couple to a ?ngerprint sensor 721 and a
control
A 12 MHZ crystal serves as the primary clock crystal.
FIG. 5 shoWs the ZV4301 to other CPU and peripheral
interfaces. The ZV4301 is interfaced With the main proces
sor LPC2132 (100) through the UART port. The 8 Mb Flash
memory AT49BV802A (501) is interfaced With ZV4301
battery pack 712. A battery charger and poWer management
component 724, such as a cradle, couples to a DC poWer
input 713 and charges the battery 712. The main processor
also may couple to a camera module 750, a display 733, a
keypad 711 and joy stick 723. The camera module may, for
instance, be a 3 mega pixel CMOS component. The main
processor 700 provides an array of ports for interfacing With
these various components. While currently available com
ponents are generally identi?ed, such as by resolution or
Wireless standard, one of skill in the art Will recogniZe that
through the external bus interface. The single rail linear
codec (141) is interfaced With the ZV4301 through the PCM
interface.
Debugging of the remote is supported by JTAG header
and BDM header is used in the board for the debugging
purposes. This section gives the details of the JTAG header
and BDM header.
The processor complies With the IEEE 1149.1A JTAG
testing standard. The JTAG test pins are multiplexed With
these components Will evolve over the 20 year life of a
patent.
20
background debug pins.
The system is fed With 5 volts input poWer. The input
poWer is passed through a diode to provide the protection
against reverse polarity. The poWer to the digital butler
25
protocols developed for cordless telephones also might be
remote comes from an external poWer supply module. The
external poWer supply module Will provide poWer to the
remote and for charging the battery. The input poWer is fed
through a connector. From the 5 volts input, the folloWing
used. Data is transmitted and received over Bluetooth or
30
to the core of the processor. PLL voltage: The core voltage
assigned to keyboard, trackball, ?ngerprint and LCD pack
35
1. LPC213x Philips User manual Nov. 22-2004.
2. Zeevo ZV4301 Datasheet Jan. 24, 2005.
3. P89LPC930/931 Data Sheet, Rev.05-15 Dec. 2004.
4. DDG128032AAD Data sheet, Rev1.0, Issue date: Oct. 10,
2004
corrupted data packets.
40
This format includes eight ?elds: start of packet, packet
45
50
given string is displayed on the LCD display in the pre
de?ned font shape and siZe. In the byte mode, the given date
is displayed as raW data, Which alloWs the user to design
their oWn shapes. X- and Y-position coordinates indicate the
In addition, a camera can be incorporated into the remote,
roW and column position on the LCD.
thereby enabling video conferencing and other visual fea
tures. The camera is complemented by a glue logic appli
The keyboard module of the remote is implemented using
55
an 8051. The key press data is sent to the main microcon
60
troller through an I2C interface for further processing. The
keyboard is a matrix keyboard including 13 scan lines and
eight return lines. A key press causes the 8051 to generate
make and break codes along With key press values. This data
is given to the main micro controller, Which operates in an
multi-media console, such as one running under WindoWs,
OS X or Linux. A CMOS camera commercially available for
incorporation in camera phones may be suitable for this
application. This is illustrated in FIG. 7.
FIG. 7 depicts building the digital butler remote board as
type, link, mode, exposition, Why position, data and check
sum. The mode ?eld indicates the mode in Which the data is
to be displayed. This module operates in tWo modes, a
so-called font mode and a byte mode. In a phone mode, the
. Authentec Fingerprint sensor AES 3400 Data sheet.
. MSM7716 OKI Datasheet Version August 1998.
cation supplied for or native to a communications and/or
The LCD connected to the main controller uses the GPIO
interface, including data and control lines. The LCD can be
used to display data received over the Wireless link. Another
custom-designed packet format may be used for LCD data.
5. ITT Cannon, Miniature all direction scanning sWitch Data
sheet.
8. AT49BV802A Datasheet, Document 3405D-Flash
March/2005.
ets. The start of packet ?eld indicates that the packet starts
here. For instance, 0x7C can be used as a start of packet ?ag.
A data ?eld of just tWo bytes may be sufficient. When the
checksum contains an XOR of all the data, link and packet
type ?elds, the checksum ?eld can be used to discard
is the input to the PLL through a ferrite bead, Which supplies
poWer to clock generation and PLL circuits of the processor.
Data sheets publicly available for the major IC compo
nents include:
another Wireless connection betWeen the console and the
palm-held remote in a custom data format. In this format, a
record may have ?elds including start of packet, packet type,
links, data and checksum. Different packet types are
voltages are derived on the CPU card: Processor core
voltage: The core supply for the processor is generated
through a loW dropout regulator that can support current up
to 1.5 A operating from a 5V-input. The output 1.8V is fed
Remote SoftWare
SoftWare components of the palm-held remote include an
LCD interface module, a keyboard interface module, a
?ngerprint sensor module, trackball interface module and a
Bluetooth module. Other Wireless protocols such as IEEE
802.1/x protocols can be substituted for Bluetooth. Wireless
an XScale processor based solution. This remote is built
interrupt mode. Here, the 8051 acts as a master and the
around the Intel XScale micro controller. The main proces
LPC2132 acts as a slave.
sor provides interfaces for the Keypad, Joystick, 320*240
Fingerprint sensor softWare uses SPI code on the main
graphics LCD module, ?ngerprint sensor, Bluetooth SOC,
controller. The ?ngerprint data Will be sent in a particular
packet format over the Wireless link to be processed on the
WiFi 802.11b/g module, audio codec and camera module.
The audio codec interfaces With a microphone, speaker and
headphone for voice utilities. Alternatively, the microphone,
65
host side. Authentec provides a useable appropriate library
of routines for ?ngerprint authentication.
US 7,389,103 B2
15
16
The trackball interface module uses sampling techniques
connections for a telephone line. This connection Will be
terminated to a R111 jack (635) on the carrier board for this
purpose. The serial port signals in the motherboard are
terminated to header COM2 Which is in RS232 level. A
to read the ball movement and click button states. The
outputs of the trackball are connected to general-purpose I/O
channels. The modules sense the state of the general-purpose
I/O’s at a predetermined frequency, such as 1 kHZ.
A Bluetooth Wireless interface module may be based on
RS232 transceiver interfaces (631) to the modem (634).
A standard, olf-the-shelf 802.11g WLAN module (632) is
Zeevo ZV4301 Bluetooth SOC With headset and serial port
available module With USB interface. The module can be
connected to the USB port available on the motherboard
header. An external antenna may positioned at the rear panel
pro?le (SPP) ?rmWare. This module is coupled to the main
controller through a UART. The module is adapted to
convey Wirelessly a mix of keyboard data, trackball data,
of the host system for maximum sensitivity. Some suitable
modules include the Linksys-WUSB54GP and NetGear
?ngerprint sensor data for authentication and data to be
displayed on the remote module’s display.
WG111. These modules are interoperable With 802.11 b. A
Console HardWare
Introduction
The core component of the console or host system may be
a standard mini ITX mother board With ports to add periph
erals. A USB Bluetooth module and USB WLAN module
may be connected to the motherboard through USB ports. A
display is connected through VGA connector and the socket
modern with R111 connector is connected through serial port
2. The remaining ports can be used for external interface.
WLAN module may be an alternative to a Bluetooth module
for communications With the remote, or can provide a
netWork interface for the console.
A standard, off-the-shelf Bluetooth module (633) is avail
20
The Wireless remote communicates over Bluetooth With the
USB Bluetooth module.
25
Features
includes DC-DC converters to provide output voltages of
+12V, —12V, +3.3V, and +5V DC, similar to an ATX poWer
supply. These poWer supply tapping is used in the carrier
FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the console (606). The host
console of the system may be built on a standard Mini-ITX
motherboard and an additional add-on board to support the
features like WAP, Bluetooth, and a MODEM for PSTN and
a PCI-VGA Card. A standard Mini ITX is available in a 17
cm><17 cm form factor. The motherboard and/or add-on
board may include tWo VGA connectors; for example, a
VGA connector from motherboard (613) and a second VGA
connector using a PCI add-on card (614). The design also
may include a serial port for external interface (611A) and
another serial port for a modem (611B), tWo USB ports
(612B), support for a USB-hub, an 802.11g WLAN module
board to supply poWer to the add on modules such as socket
30
and an ATX poWer supply or Mini-ITX poWer module.
Motherboard support may include a VIA Eden/C3 pro
cessor at operating at 1.0-1.5 GHZ or another rate, integrated
Console software
35
A Linux core runs on the VIA Eden processor. The
module drivers loaded on the OS core takes control the
peripheral devices. A dedicated softWare application running
parses data received Wirelessly, such as over Bluetooth. It
also redirects the data to corresponding modules.
40
Modules
The modem connected With the host system motherboard
is used to make the dial-up connections. This makes the
socket modem module as a portable one.
45
Castle Rock graphics With MPEG-2 decoder (optionally an
MPEG-4 decoder for video), a memory socket, such as al
DDR266 SODIMM socket, a PCI slot, tWo UltraDMA
66/ 100/ 133 connectors (SATA connectors can be used), a
10/100 Base-T Ethernet physical connection, PS2 mouse
and keyboard ports; a parallel port, an RJ-45 LAN port, a
serial port, tWo USB 2.0 ports and a VGA port.
A socket modem module (634) is one component used to
connect the motherboard to a POTS telephone system.
Alternatively, modules can interface the motherboard to a
modem, WLAN, and Bluetooth modules.
Introduction
(632), preferably interoperable With 802.11b, With a sepa
rately connected antenna. Other console components may
include a USB to Bluetooth module (632) With chip antenna,
a standard PC hard disk drive (623) and DVD drive (624)
able module With USB interface. The module may be
connected to the USB port available on the motherboard
header. The module Will be connected to the host system by
the USB port available on the motherboard header. The
modules built around CSR chipset may be suitable.
The poWer supply used may be a standard mini ITX
poWer supply. A standard 12 volts DC poWer module also
can be used for this purpose. The poWer supply board
50
On the console or host system processor side, the serial
driver initialiZes and con?gures the serial port baud rate
equal to the modem baud rate. An appropriate modem driver
is loaded to manipulate the connected socket modem. A
WLAN module is a port of the Linux-WLAN driver, adapted
to the host board. The USB WLAN modules identi?ed from
Linksys and NetGear use the same driver. Once the WLAN
hardWare is connected to the USB port, it is logically
connected to the access point using the WLAN control
utility.
55
A suitable Linux Bluetooth softWare stack is BlueZ.
cellular or similar telephone system or to a voice over IP
Processing data from the stack involves developing parsing
(VoIP) system. One suitable module is a WMV34-0-TSM
100 from Analog Devices. This serial socket modem pro
the data received from the remote. The communication With
the remote is established using the BlueZ utilities from the
host for remote headset and serial port functionalities. Once
the application knoWs the source of the data packet, it
redirects the data to the appropriate module for the required
functionality. The softWare also provides a facility to send
vides complete WorldWide support. An Analog Devices
serial socket modem features a solid state DAA that supports
60
international operation With compliance to international
telephone standards. The modem module can be plugged on
the carrier board by means of board to board connectors and
Will be interfaced to the additional serial port available on
the motherboard header. The socket modem module is
the data to the LCD available on the remote side. The
65
application developer can use the ?ngerprint raW data
received from the Bluetooth remote and the authentication
poWered by 3.3V DC supply and the interfacing signals are
code libraries provided by the vendor to achieve the match
in the 3.3V LVTTL level. The socket modem module has the
ing operation.
US 7,389,103 B2
17
18
a compact keypad including numeric keys usable for
The console may support the following functions:
telephone dialing,
Bluetooth remote access.
the compact keypad further including alphabetic keys
WLAN enabled for network communication.
usable for web browsing,
Socket modem module for dial-up network connection.
The following combinations of hardware and software
features are within the scope of this disclosure for providing
services described. Supported by the console, one or any
combination of the following:
wherein the bread-box or smaller siZed console integrates
at least a DVD/ CD player, a network port and logic and
resources adapted to
authenticate users of the palm-held remote and person
General Purpose Computer
aliZe their telephone network connection and their
Internet browsing based on ?ngerprints received
TV Set Top Box w/ optional personal video recorder (PVR)
from the palm-held remote,
connect the palm-held remote to the telephone network,
Terrestrial, Cable, Satellite, lP
Messaging console (one or any combo)
Text (SMS/Webpages)
Voice (Landline/cell/IP)
Video
Network Port
TV and/or Monitor Out
15
drive speakers and provide volume control,
provide playback control for the DVD/CD player, and
access and playback digitally stored music;
Optionally
Hard Drive
Media Card Reader (non-volatile memory)
CD/DVD (Writable versions possible)
whereby the palm-held remote allows a user of to select
20
nection, lntemet browsing, channel control, volume control,
DVD/CD playback control, and digitally stored music
nation of the following:
25
Speaker/Mic/Vol control
Display
Cursor Control
Thumb-board (Alphanumeric)
Applied to the following services:
30
Communication, including Phone (LL/Cell/IP), lntemet,
email, and teXt/voice/video messenger
Entertainment, including Multimedia apps, including TV,
PVR, DVD, Video, Photo, Music, Radio, and Games.
are further adapted to connect the palm-held remote to a
messaging service and to alert the user to incoming mes
sages while the monitor or television is being used to watch
TV
4. The method of claim 3, wherein the console is associ
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service is short-message-service (SMS).
5. The method of claim 3, wherein the console is associ
ated with one or more telephone numbers and the messaging
(PlM), contacts, calendar, editor.
service is a cellular telephone messaging protocol.
40
6. The system of claim 1, wherein the logic and resources
are further adapted to provide answering machine services
and to allow a user to select answering machine features.
7. The system of claim 1, wherein the bread-box or
smaller siZed console
further includes non-volatile storage siZed to time-shift
with a remote, a remote adapted to control a console or a
combination of console and remote.
While the present invention is disclosed by reference to
access and playback.
2. The system of claim 1, wherein the bread-box or
smaller siZed console further include non-volatile storage
siZed to hold a library of digitally stored music.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the logic and resources
ated with one or more telephone numbers and the messaging
Productivity apps, such as a personal information manager
Some Particular Embodiments
The present invention may be practiced as a method or
device adapted to practice the method. The same method can
be viewed from the perspective of a console adapted for use
among and use the bread-box or smaller siZed console’s user
authentication and personalization, telephone network con
Wireless network router
Supported by the hand-held remote, one or any combi
FingerprintiOptional
connect the palm-held remote to the lntemet and dis
play web pages on a monitor or television,
control channels accessed by a video receiver,
45
playback from the video receiver and
the preferred embodiments and examples detailed above, it
its logic and resources are further adapted to provide a
is understood that these examples are intended in an illus
trative rather than in a limiting sense. Computer-assisted
menu of upcoming video content, schedule recording
of the video content and replay the video content.
8. The system of claim 1, wherein the palm-held remote
processing is implicated in the described embodiments. It is
contemplated that modi?cations and combinations will
50
readily occur to those skilled in the art, which modi?cations
and combinations will be within the spirit of the invention
9. A multi-media and communications system, including:
a palm-held remote; and
and the scope of the following claims.
I claim:
a bread-box or smaller siZed console in wireless commu
1. A multi-media and communications system, including:
a palm-held remote; and
nication with the remote;
wherein the palm-held remote integrates at least
a speaker, microphone and volume control adapted for
a bread-box or smaller siZed console in wireless commu
nication with the remote;
wherein the palm-held remote integrates at least
a ?ngerprint reader,
a speaker, microphone and volume control adapted for
use as a telephone,
60
number,
use as a telephone,
a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and
control resources of the console,
a display at least capable of showing a telephone
a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and
control resources of the console,
a display at least capable of showing a telephone
number,
further integrates a camera and the logic and resources of the
bread-box or smaller siZed console are further adapted to
connect camera data to a video conferencing module.
a compact keypad including numeric keys usable for
65
telephone dialing,
the compact keypad further including alphabetic keys
usable for messaging,
US 7,389,103 B2
19
20
wherein the bread-box or smaller sized console integrates
at least a DVD/ CD player, a network port and logic and
a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and
control resources of the console,
resources adapted to
a compact keypad including numeric keys usable for
connect the palm-held remote to the telephone network,
telephone dialing,
send and receive messages across a communications
network, displaying the messages on a monitor or
the compact keypad further including alphabetic keys
usable for web browsing,
television,
wherein the bread-box or smaller siZed console integrates
at least a media card reader, a network port and logic
and resources adapted to
control channels accessed by a video receiver,
drive speakers and provide volume control, and
provide playback control for the DVD/CD player;
whereby the palm-held remote allows a user of to select
connect the palm-held remote to the telephone network,
control with the palm-held remote retrieval, transfer
and playback of digital content from the media card
among and use the bread-box or smaller siZed console’ s
telephone network connection, messaging, channel
control, volume control, and DVD/CD playback con
reader,
trol.
10. The system of claim 9, wherein the palm-held remote
further integrates a camera and the logic and resources of the
control channels accessed by a video receiver,
bread-box or smaller siZed console are further adapted to
connect camera data to a video conferencing module.
whereby the palm-held remote allows a user of to select
11. A multi-media and communications system, includ
ing:
a palm-held remote; and
a bread-box or smaller siZed console in wireless commu
nication with the remote;
wherein the palm-held remote integrates at least
a speaker, microphone and volume control adapted for
use as a telephone,
a display at least capable of showing a telephone
number,
drive speakers and provide volume control, and
among and use the bread-box or smaller siZed con
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sole’s user authentication and personaliZation, tele
phone network connection, media card reader func
tions, channel control, and volume control.
12. The system of claim 11, wherein the palm-held remote
further integrates a camera and the logic and resources of the
bread-box or smaller siZed console are further adapted to
connect camera data to a video conferencing module.
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