US0073 89103B2 (12) United States Patent (10) Patent N0.: Stepanian (45) Date of Patent: (54) TETHERED DIGITAL BUTLER CONSUMER ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD (76) Inventor: 2004/0087369 A1 2004/0110563 A1 2004/0176170 A1 * Jun. 17, 2008 5/2004 Tanaka et a1. 6/2004 Tanaka et a1. 9/2004 Eck et a1. Robert Stepanian, 4134 Cranford Cir., 2005/0012723 A1 1/2005 Pallakoff San Jose, CA (US) 95124 2005/0130744 A1 6/2005 Eek et a1. _ _ ( ) Not1ce: US 7,389,103 B2 _ _ _ Subject‘ to any d1scla1mer, the term of th1s 2005/0181877 A1 8/2005 Zoos/0197187 A1 9/2005 Mitsuyoshi et a1‘ Kuwahara et a1. patent 1s extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 97 days. (21) Appl. N0.: 11/350,980 (22) Filed: (Continued) Feb- 8, 2006 FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS JP (65) US 2007/0042806 A1 Primary Examiner4Olisa AnWah (74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiErnest J. Beifel, Jr.; Haynes Be?el & Wolfeld LLP (57) ABSTRACT Int. Cl. H04B 1/06 (52) 4/2003 Feb. 22, 2007 Related U-s- APPhcatmn Data (60) Provisional application No. 60/709,666, ?led on Aug. 19, 2005. (51) 2003116074 Prior Publication Data (200601) US. Cl. ...................... .. _ _ The present invention relates to a tethered digital butler 455/344; 713/186; 725/11; 382/124 _ d1g1tal butler, of a pr1ce and form factor su1table for con (58) Field of Classi?cation Search .............. _ 1 . d d h d Th h d consumer e ectromcs pro uct an met 0 .' e tet ere 455/403, Sumer electronics markets of developed and developing 455/344’ 713/186’ 725/11’ 6’ 382/124’ countries, includes a communications and multi-media con _ 379/ 88117’ 10203 See apphcanon ?le for Complete Search hlstory' (56) sole and a Wireless remote. The remote may resemble a handheld personal computer (HPC), a palm-held personal References Cited computer (PPC or PDA) or a smart phone, but has a loW cost and feature set supported by the console that is novel in the Us PATENT DOCUMENTS 5 546 471 A * 8/1996 Merjanian 536503831 A 7/1997 Farwell 6,710,790 B1 3/2004 pagioli 382/124 """"""""" " consumer electronics market. In particular, this disclosure relates to combining telephone service, device control and, optionally, a ?ngerprint reader for easy user identi?cation/ authorization and personalization. As another option, a cam 6,970,098 B1* 11/2005 Adams et a1, ,,,,,,, __ 340/825,69 era can be incorporated into the remote, thereby enabling 2002/0002707 A1 2002/0045484 A1 l/2002 Ekel et a1. 4/2002 Eck eta1~ video conferencing and other visual features. The remote may be packaged separately from a console and sold to 2002/0059588 A1: 5/2002 Huber et a1. ................ .. 725/3/5 interact With Capabilities of a Communications and multi_ Eilmsey Cam“ """"""" " 725 6 media console from a different source, such as one running 20020158812 A1 10/2002 paillirip? 2003/0228883 A1 12/2003 Kusakari et a1. 2004/0024638 A1 on a Windows, OS X or Linux platform. 2/2004 Restis 12 Claims, 6 Drawing Sheets / I00 l3| /|2.| FINGER SIAnFIasl-n 223;, /|l| 25:: i555 IIII EXP/$115.51‘? "?- Mm l new; 12:5 /l35 2?“ LCD mouuus 55?; J02. /|2.‘l n5  LPC 2132 TM“ “'4' aavm-MM amen HI cm @152. CONTROLLER Kim” a," I32 / “"55 BUCKIW "—> R-mrwm /'5"! venue “we “a, (+15% [53 US 7,389,103 B2 Page 2 US. PATENT DOCUMENTS 2006/0106963 A1 2006/0107281 Al* 2005/0282634 A1 2005/0282639 A1 12/2005 Yamada et 3112/2005 Tanaka et 31- 2006/0040638 Al* 2/2006 McQuaide, Jr. ........... .. 455/403 2006/0079329 A1 4/2006 Yamada et a1. 2006/0271791 Al* 2006/0282572 Al* * cited by examiner 5/2006 Sasaki et a1. 5/2006 Dunton ...................... .. 725/11 11/2006 Novack et a1. ........... .. 713/186 12/2006 Steinberg e161. ........... .. 710/62 U.S. Patent Jun. 17, 2008 Sheet 4 0f 6 LPC 2132 CPU US 7,389,103 B2 glzig?sviozp‘ as |°° sol UART ZV4301 Bluetooth SOC 5oz, MSM 7716 OK! codec S HI FIG. 5 PE aker ‘51 1 US 7,389,103 B2 1 2 TETHERED DIGITAL BUTLER CONSUMER ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD sumer electronics markets of developed and developing countries, includes a communications and multi-media con sole and a Wireless remote. The remote may resemble a handheld personal computer (HPC), a palm-held personal RELATED APPLICATIONS computer (PPC or PDA) or a smart phone, but has a loW cost This application claims the bene?t of and priority to US. and feature set supported by the console that is novel in the Provisional Application No. 60/709,666 ?led Aug. 19, 2005 by inventor Robert Stepanian, entitled, “TETHERED DIGI consumer electronics market. In particular, this disclosure relates to combining telephone service, device control and, TAL BUTLER CONSUMER ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD”. This application is related to US. Design 10 Pat. Application Nos. 29/236,023, 29/236,022 and 29/236, 022, ?led on Aug. 10, 2005 by inventors Phoebe Ng, Robert Stepanian and Allison S. Conner, entitled, “NAVIGATION BUTTON ARRAY FOR REMOTE CONTROL HOUS ING”, “REMOTE CONTROL HOUSING” and “CON optionally, a ?ngerprint reader for easy user identi?cation/ authoriZation and personaliZation. As another option, a cam era can be incorporated into the remote, thereby enabling video conferencing and other visual features. The remote may be packaged separately from a console and sold to interact With capabilities of a communications and multi media console from a different source, such as one running on a WindoWs, OS X or Linux platform. Particular aspects SOLE HOUSING”. The provisional and related design applications are incorporated by reference. of the present invention are described in the claims, speci ?cation and draWings. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 20 The present invention relates to a tethered digital butler consumer electronics product and method. The tethered digital butler, of a price and form factor suitable for con sumer electronics markets of developed and developing countries, includes a communications and multi-media con sole and a Wireless remote. The remote may resemble a FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the digital butler remote. Details of the main processor are depicted in FIG. 2. The LPC 2132 memory maps are shoWn in FIG. 3. 25 handheld personal computer (HPC), a palm-held personal computer (PPC or PDA) or a smart phone, but has a loW cost and feature set supported by the console that is novel in the consumer electronics market. In particular, this disclosure 30 relates to combining telephone service, device control and, optionally, a ?ngerprint reader for easy user identi?cation/ authoriZation and personalization. The remote may be pack aged separately from a console and sold to interact With capabilities of a communications and multi-media console BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 4 shoWs the 8051 based Philips LPC89LPC931 controller. FIG. 5 shoWs the ZV4301 to other CPU and peripheral interfaces. FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the console. FIG. 7 is an alternative block diagram of the digital butler remote, With a CMOS camera module. DETAILED DESCRIPTION 35 The folloWing detailed description is made With reference OS X or Linux platform. to the ?gures. Preferred embodiments are described to illustrate the present invention, not to limit its scope, Which Convergence of digital devices is not unbounded, because it is guided by market realities. Many concepts are ?oated as is de?ned by the claims. Those of ordinary skill in the art Will recogniZe a variety of equivalent variations on the from a different source, such as one running on a WindoWs, trial balloons that burst, never to see an enabling develop 40 ment effort or a reduction to practice. Some convergence description that folloWs. A tethered digital butler produces a loW cost, palm-held trends are strong and noteWorthy. Cellular smartphones or business phones such as Treo or Blackberry products are remote With a novel combination of features that are imple becoming poWerful and supplanting separate PDAs. These Wirelessly to the palm-held remote. Tethering the palm-held smartphones go With the user across a cellular netWork and even overseas. They are untethered, packing many features into a small form factor, not requiring a console. Another trend is to repackage a PC as media center, complete With a device, so that it depends on logic and resources of the console, runs against the trends and teachings of the con mented by logic and resources of the console, connected sumer electronics industry and particularly against the trend toWard more poWerful smartphones. Wireless keyboard. Recent announcements suggest interfac ing a Microsoft media center With a Bluetooth-equipped cellular telephone to use the sound reproduction of a TV as Various novel combinations of features are emphasiZed in 50 this application. One Will recogniZe that the features dis a sort of speaker phone, relying on the cellular telephone for cussed can be combined in many Ways, While remaining faithful to the tethered digital butler concept. In a ?rst netWork connectivity. In both instances, the telephone fea embodiment of the tethered digital butler, the palm-held tures are untethered from and do not depend on availability remote alloWs a user to select among and use logic and of a console. 55 resources of a bread-box or smaller siZed console to authen For developing countries and cost-conscious buyers, the ticate users from a ?ngerprint reader on the remote, to Treo and media center approaches are over-built and too personaliZe the user’s telephone and internet broWsing expe expensive. An opportunity arises to provide a loW-cost riences, to connect the user to a telephone netWork consis integrated consumer electronics system that includes a novel feature set and a cost-effective allocation of technical tasks tent With the user’s authentication, and to control multi 60 media features, such as channel control, volume control, DVD/CD playback control, and digitally stored music betWeen a remote and a console. access and playback. In this embodiment, the palm-held remote integrates at least a ?ngerprint reader, a speaker, SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION microphone and volume control adapted for use as a tele The present invention relates to a tethered digital butler consumer electronics product and method. The tethered digital butler, of a price and form factor suitable for con 65 phone, a display at least capable of shoWing a telephone number, a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and control resources of the console, a compact keypad includ US 7,389,103 B2 3 4 ing numeric keys usable for telephone dialing, the compact keypad further including alphabetic keys usable for Web a ?ngerprint in order to unlock the DRM rights. When a user visits a neighbor’s console, they may take along their browsing. The bread-box or smaller siZed console integrates at least a DVD/CD player, a netWork port and logic and hand-held remote and the associated digital rights for use on the neighbor’s console. resources adapted to authenticate users of the palm-held The console may be equipped With a remote locator remote and personaliZe their telephone netWork connection and their Internet broWsing based on ?ngerprints received from the palm-held remote, connect telephone features of the palm-held remote to the telephone netWork, respond to Internet broWsing commands from the palm-held remote and control button that causes the remote to emit a tone Which makes it easier to locate. The form factor of a palm-held remote should be easily recogniZed. display Web pages on a monitor or television, control The form factor of a bread-box or smaller siZed console channels accessed by a video receiver, drive speakers and can be judged by volume. A smallish consumer electronics component uses an enclosure (from Which connectors and feet protrude) that is 12 by 15 by 3 inches and has a volume of 540 cubic inches. This is an approximately bread-box provide volume control, provide playback control for the DVD/CD player, and access and playback digitally stored music. In a second embodiment of the tethered digital butler, the palm-held remote has feWer components; the console sup siZed enclosure, although the shape differs from a loaf of bread. ports feWer features; thus, the combination Will be less The ?fth embodiment, adapted to compliment media expensive and more attractive in many markets. Remote components then include a speaker, microphone and volume 20 control adapted for use as a telephone, a display at least capable of shoWing a telephone number, a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and control resources of the con sole, and a compact keypad including numeric keys usable for telephone dialing. The ?ngerprint reader is not included, 25 nor is the alphabetic keypad. The logic and resources of the console are reduced accordingly. Logic and resources of the console need not authenticate and personaliZe based on ?ngerprints or access and playback digitally stored music. Internet broWsing may be limited or may be supported by an on-screen keyboard. In a third embodiment of the tethered digital butler, the DVD/ CD player is omitted from the console. The features of the palm-held remote do not much change, but the logic and In any of these embodiments, a camera module can be 30 a communications and/or multi-media console, such as one running under WindoWs, OS X or Linux. Remote HardWare 35 PC, Which may be larger than bread-box siZed. This typi 40 time-shift playback from the video receiver and its logic and Introduction The digital butler remote is a gadget based on the Blue tooth or another Wireless technology used for communica tions and remote control applications. Features The digital butler remote board is an ARM7 processor based solution. This remote is built around the Philips LPC2l32 ARM controller. The main processor provides interfaces for the resources are further adapted to provide a menu of upcoming video content, schedule recording of the video content and replay the video content. Alternatively, the non-volatile memory may be siZed to hold a library of digital music. In another aspect of these embodiments, the remote may native to a communications and/or multi-media console, such as one running under WindoWs, OS X or Linux. incorporated into the remote, thereby enabling video con ferencing and other visual features. The camera is comple mented by a glue logic application supplied for or native to resources required of the console are reduced. In fourth embodiment, the console is implemented on a cally Would be less desirable, as most PCs do not ?t a media room decor and are relatively loud, due to fans and hard disk rotation. As a further aspect of these embodiments, the console may be equipped With a non-volatile memory siZed to center products, is a palm-held remote and a glue logic application that enables the media center to utiliZe the special purpose controls of the remote. The remote may be adapted to invoke a glue logic application supplied for or 45 Keypad, Trackball, 128*32 graphics LCD module, ?nger 50 print sensor, and Bluetooth SOC. The Bluetooth SOC and Zeevo ZV4301 interface With a microphone, speaker and headphone for voice utilities. The system may use a Philips 89LPC931 controller for the keypad interface through a 12C Bus. An alternative hardWare con?guration is illustrated in be a key for DRM. Either memory on the remote, a memory module or an identi?cation reader combined With the remote may serve as the DRM key. The identi?cation reader can read a smart card or similar module With memory or can read FIG. 7. FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the digital butler remote. Embodiment Details Chip Name Chip number Description Main processor LPC2132, Philips. Main CPU, 60 MHZ/64 Kb ?ash/l6 Kb (100) Keypad controller SRAM 89LPC931, Philips. 8051 MCU compatible With 8 KB ?ash, DDGl28032AAD, DDTL. 128*32 graphics parallel/serial LCD TBWBZAOO, ITT cannon. Miniature all directional scanning sWitch. 12C interface. (122) LCD Display module Module. (133) TrackBall (123) Fingertip sensor (121) AES3400, Authentech. Bluetooth SOC (132)) ZV4301, Zeevo. Fingertip sensor With SPI interfaces. Bluetooth SOC With, UART interface. US 7,389,103 B2 -continued Embodiment Details Chip Name Chip number Description Flash Memory (131) AT49BV802A, Atmel. MSM7716, OKI. Bluetooth SOC Flash, 8 Mb Codec IC (141) Power Supply (113) LTC 3440EDD - Linear Micro power synchronous 600 ma Buck Technology. Boost Dc-DC converter Single rail codec. Additional details of the main processor are depicted in FIG. 2. The LPC2132 (100) is based on a 32/16-bit Up to nine edge or level sensitive external interrupt pins ARM7TDM1-S CPU (232) with real time emulation and 60 MHz maximum CPU clock available from program embedded trace support, together with 64 Kbytes (KB) of embedded high speed ?ash memory (223). A 128 bit wide memory interface (211, 212, 222) and accelerator architec On-chip crystal oscillator with an operating range of 1 ture enable 32 bit code execution at maximum clock rate. For critical code size applications, an alternate 16 bit “thumb mode” reduces code by more then 30% with minimal Power saving modes include idle and Power-down. Individual enable/disable of peripheral functions as well as peripheral clock scaling down for additional power performance penalty. Due to their tiny size and low power consumption, these micro controllers are typically used for miniaturized applications, such as hand-held equipment. Most peripheral pins can also be remapped as General Purpose I/O pins. The system includes on-chip SRAM of 16 KB (213) and is well suited for communication gateways and protocol converters, soft modems, voice recognition and (224) available. mable on-chip PLL (241). MHz to 30 MHz. optimization. Processor wake-up from Power-down mode via external interrupt (224). 25 Single power supply chip with POR and BOD circuits. CPU operating voltage range of 3.0 V to 36 V (33 V:10%) with 5 V tolerant I/O pads. low end managing, providing both large bulfer size and high processing power. Various 32-bit timers (247, 248), 10-bit 8 channel ADC(s) (226), 10-bit DAC (227), PWM channels The LPC 2132’s 64 KB of ?ash memory (223) may be used for both code and data storage. Programming of the ?ash memory may be accomplished in several ways. It may be programmed in the system via the serial port (245). The (225) and 47 GPIO lines (228) with up to nine edge or level sensitive external interrupt pins, make these microcontrol lers particularly suitable for industrial control and hand-held while the application is running, allowing ?exibility for data systems. The integrated ARM microprocessor operates at 60 MHz and, in one embodiment, supports the following features: 16/32-bit ARM7TDM1-S microcontroller (232) in a tiny LQFP64 package.8/ 16/32 KB of on-chip static RAM (213) and 64/512 KB of on-chip Flash program memory (223). A 128 bit wide interface/accelerator application program may also erase and/ or program the ?ash storage ?eld ?rm grade upgrades, etc. While the on chip boot 35 100,000 erase/write cycles and 20 years of data retention. On-chip static RAM (213) may be used for code and/ or data storage. The SRAM may be accessed as 8 bits, 16 bits or 32 40 45 lines have the following features. 50 several distinct regions. In addition, the CPU interrupt log output. 55 (225) and watchdog (248). Real-time clock (247) equipped with independent power and clock supply permitting extremely low power consumption in power-save modes. Multiple serial interfaces including two UART (16C550) (246), two Fast I2C-bus (400 Kb/s) (244), SP1 and SSP (245) with buffering and variable data length capabilities. Vectored interrupt controller (253) with con?gurable pri orities and vector addresses. Up to 47 5 V tolerant general purpose I/O pins (228) in tiny LQFP64 package. Direction control of individual bits. Separate control of output set and clear. All I/O default to inputs after reset. The LPC 2132 memory maps shown in FIG. 3 incorporate vectors may be re-mapped to allow them to reside in either Two 32-bit timers/counters (with four capture and four compare channels each) (225), PWM unit (six outputs) dynamically con?gured as inputs or outputs. Separate reg isters allow setting or clearing any number of outputs simultaneously. The value of the output register may be read back, as well as the current state of the port pins. The GPIO time debugging with the on-chip real monitor software and high speed tracing of instruction execution. One 8 channel 10-bit A/D converters (226) provides a total of up to 16 analog inputs, with conversion times as low as 244 us per channel. Single 10-bit D/A converter (227) provides variable ana bits wide. General purpose parallel U0 is supported by device pins that are connected to a speci?c peripheral function are controlled by the GPIO registers. Pins may be (211, 212, 222) enables high speed 60 MHz operation. In-System/In-Application Programming (ISP/IAP) via on-chip boot-loader software. Single Flash sector or full chip erase in 400 ms and programming of 256 bytes in 1 Ms. Embedded Trace interfaces (231) offer real loader is used, 64 KB ?ash memory is available for user code. The LPC2132 ?ash memory provides a minimum of Flash memory (by default) or on-chip static RAM. The vectored interrupt controller (VIC) accepts all of the interrupt request inputs and categorizes them as FIQ, vec tored IRQ, and non vectored IRQ as de?ned by program mable setting. The programmable assignment scheme means that priorities of interrupts from the various peripherals can be dynamically assigned and adjusted. Fast interrupt request (FIQ) has the highest priority. If more than one request is assigned to FIQ, the VIC combines 65 the requests to produce the FIQ signal to the ARM processor. The fastest possible FIQ latency is achieved when only one request is classi?ed as FIQ, because then the FIQ service routine can simply start dealing with that device. But if more than one request is assigned to the FIQ class, the FIQ US 7,389,103 B2 7 8 services routine can read a Word from the VIC that identi?es operating mode is selected. The RTC uses little poWer, an FIQ source that is requesting an interrupt. Vectored IRAs have middle priority. Sixteen of the interrupts can be assigned to this category. Any of the interrupt requests can be assigned to any of the 16 vectored IRQ slots, among Which slot 0 has the highest priority and slot 15 has the making it suitable for battery poWered systems Where the CPU is not running continuously (idle mode). The features of RTC are described beloW. Measures the passage of time to maintain a calendar and clock. loWest. Non-vectored IRQ’s have the loWest priority. Ultra loW poWer design to support battery poWered sys The VIC combines the requests from all the vectored and non-vectored IRAs to produce the IRQ signal to the ARM processor. The IRQ service routine can start by reading the register from the VIC and jumping there. If any of the vectored IRAs are requested, the VIC provides the address tems. Provides seconds, minutes, hours, day, month, year, day of Week, and the day of year. Programmable reference clock divider alloWs adjustment of the RTC to match various crystal frequencies. of the highest-priority requesting IRAs service routine, read another VIC register to see What IRAs are active. The 8051 based Philips LPC89LPC931 controller in FIG. 4 is suitable for keyboard interface. The P89LPC930/931 (404) is based on a high performance processor architecture The LPC 2132 contains tWo UARTs (246). One UART provides a full modem control handshake interface, the other provides only transmit and receive data lines. The features of UART is listed beloW: 16 byte, receive and transmit FIFO s. Register locations conform to ‘550’ industry standard. rate of standard 80C51 devices. Many system-level func tions have been incorporated into the P89LPC930/931 in order to reduce component count, board space, and system cost. The P89LPC931 has the folloWing enhanced features: A high performance ARM processor 80C51 CPU pro otherWise it provides the address of a default routine that is shared by all the non vectored IRAs. The default routine can that executes instructions in tWo to four clocks, six times the 20 vides instruction cycle times of 111 ns to 222 ns for Receiver, FIFO trigger points at 1, 4, 8, and 14 bytes. Built in baud rate generator. Standard modem interface signals included on UART 1. 12C (244) is a bi-directional bus for inter IC control using only tWo Wires, a serial clock line (SCL) and a serial data 25 line (SDA). Each device is recogniZed by a unique address and can operate as either a receiver only device or a transmitter With the capability both to receive and send information. Transmitters and/or receivers can operate in either master or slave mode, depending on Whether the chip has to initiate 30 a data transfer or is only addressed. I2C is a multi-master bus that can be controlled by more than one bus master con storage. 35 nected to it. I2C implemented in LPC2132 support bit rate up to 400 kbit/s (Fast 12C). The features of LPC2132 I2C bus is listed beloW: Standard I2C compliant bus interface. Enhanced UART With fractional baud rate generator, 40 interrupt inputs. 45 Compliant With serial peripheral interface (SPI) speci? Four interrupt priority levels. On-chip poWer-on reset alloWs operation Without external Without corruption of serial data on the bus. Serial clock synchronization alloWs devices With different The I2C bus may be used for test diagnostics purposes. The SPI (245) is a full duplex serial I/O interface, designed to be able to handle multiple masters and slaves connected to a given bus. A single master and a single slave communicate on the interface during a given data transfer. During a data transfer, the master alWays sends a byte of data to the slave, and the slave alWays sends a byte of data to the master. The features of the SP1 controller is listed beloW: break detect, framing error detection, automatic address detection and versatile interrupt capabilities. 400 kHZ byte-Wide 12C-bus communication port. Eight keypad interrupt inputs, plus tWo additional external Arbitration betWeen simultaneously transmitting masters bit rates to communicate via one serial bus. Serial clock synchronization can be used as a hand shack mechanism to suspend and resume serial transfer. Flash program operation completes in 2 ms. 256-byte RAM data memory. Real-time clock that can also be used as a system timer. Easy to con?gure as master, slave, or line-select master or slave. Programming clocks alloW versatile rate control. Bi-directional data transfer betWeen masters and slaves. Multi master bus (no center master) instructions except multiply and divide, When execut ing at 18 MHZ. This is six times the performance of the standard 80C51 running at the same clock frequency. A loWer clock frequency for the same performance results in poWer savings and reduced EMI. 2.4 V to 3.6 V VDD operating range. I/O pins are 5 V tolerant. 8 kB ?ash code memory With 1 kB sectors, and 64-byte page siZe. Byte-erase alloWing code memory to be used for data reset components. A reset counter and reset glitch suppres sion circuitry prevent spurious and incomplete resets. A 50 softWare reset function is also available. The keypad 8*13 matrix (406) is connected to the GPIO lines of P89LPC931 micro controller (404). The keypad has 8 return lines and 13 scan lines. The return lines are connected to the keyboard port of the P89LPC931 micro 55 controller. The P89LPC931 is connected to the main pro cessor LPC2132 through the 12C bus to minimiZe the number of pins on the main processor. The custom softWare is loaded into the ?ash program memory of the P89LPC931 micro controller Which scans the 60 keypad and generates ASCII codes and communicates to the main processor through the 12C bus. The P89LPC931 micro controller is normally kept in poWer save mode, and it Will cation. Synchronous, serial, full duplex, communication. Combined SPI master and slave. aWaken in response to keyboard interrupts after the key Maximum data bit rate of one eighth of the input clock press. The keyboard port of P89LPC931 has a change on rate. The real time clock (RTC) (247) is designed to provide a set of counters to measure time When normal or ideal 65 status interrupt feature, and hence any key press Will gen erate the keyboard interrupt. The key bounces are taken care of by the softWare. US 7,389,103 B2 9 10 The QWERTY keyboard has the Chinese character entry feature and the software transfers the Chinese corresponding Dots pitch 0.232(W)*0.265(H) mm. Dots siZe 0.202(W)*0.235(H) mm. The ITT cannon TBWB2A00 trackball (123) is a minia ASCII codes to the main processor in Chinese key entry mode. The following tables describe interfaces among the CPU ture all directional scanning sWitch developed for mobile, remote, PDA, notebook PC, and hand-held device applica tions. It includes tWo perpendicular rollers actuated by (100), keyboard controller (404) and matrix (406): friction on the ball and tWo spring contacts Which generate (by contact closing and opening) the electrical pulses and a light tactile e?fect (click) at each pulse. A sWitch called “Select” is integrated in the trackball. Optimally, tWo LEDs Keyboard Controller to CPU Interface Signal LPC2132 P89LPC93 Remarks can be included With the trackball and driven according to the Wishes of the user. Several tactile effects can be obtained Serial I2C Data Serial I2C clock SDA SCL SDA SCL I2C interface I2C interface according to the number of tooth integrated in the gear axle; the standard resolution is 12 pulses per ball rotation. When the Trackball is activated, its relative position changes are analyZed in tWo directions X and Y. The tWo perpendicular rollers are actuated by friction on the ball. During their revolution, the rollers activate tWo spring contacts Which Keyboard Controller to Matrix Interface generate (by contact closing and opening) the electrical 20 Signal To track the ball movements, a simple electronic device Signal Nalne key board Remarks K131.0 Keybd input 1 KBI.1 Keybd input 2 K13I.2 Keybd input 3 K13I.3 Keybd input 4 KBIA Keybd input 5 K13I.5 Keybd input 6 K13I.6 Keybd input 7 K13I.7 Keybd input 8 K130.0 Keybd output P0.0 P0.1 P02 P0.3 PO.4 P0.5 P06 P0.7 P2.0 RET LINE 1 RET LINE 2 RET LINE 3 RET LINE 4 RET LINE 5 RET LINE 6 RET LINE 7 RET LINE 8 SCAN LINE 1 Keybd Keybd Keybd Keybd Keybd Keybd Keybd Keybd Keybd P2.1 SCAN LINE 2 Keybd Scan line 2 P2.2 SCAN LINE 3 Keybd Scan line 3 P2.3 SCAN LINE 4 Keybd Scan line 4 P2.4 SCAN LINE 5 Keybd Scan line 5 P2.5 SCAN LINE 6 Keybd Scan line 6 P2.6 SCAN LINE 7 Keybd Scan line 7 P2.7 SCAN LINE 8 Keybd Scan line 8 P1.0 SCAN LINE 9 Keybd Scan line 9 P1.1 SCAN LINE Keybd Scan line 10 K130.10 Keybd output P1.4 SCAN LINE Keybd Scan line 11 SCAN LINE Keybd Scan line 12 SCAN LINE Keybd Scan line 13 Return line Return line Return line Return line Return line Return line Return line Return line Scan line 1 tied to the direction contacts converts the vertical and 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 horiZontal displacements of the both perpendicular rollers in logical levels of X-axis and Y-axis displacements: Some 25 pull-up resistors (or respectively pull doWn resistors) are tied to the axis direction contacts While the common contact is tied to the ground (or respectively to the poWer supply potential). The change in state interrupts the main LPC2132 processor (100). The output pulse frequency is directly 30 1 K130.1 Keybd output pulses. proportional to the moving speed and the direction. The pulse frequency is processed by the main processor LPC2132 and the corresponding PS2 data sent to the host 2 K130.2 Keybd output system. 3 K130.3 Keybd output 35 4 KBOA Keybd output 5 K130.5 Keybd output based image capture With a proprietary sensor control and matching algorithms to deliver ability-to-acquire (ATA) 6 K130.6 Keybd output 7 K130.7 Keybd output 40 skin to the living layer beloW Where the unique ridge and valley patterns of the ?ngerprint originate. Trueprint is 9 K130.9 Keybd output 45 10 AuthenTec’s unique patented imaging technology. During imaging, a small near-?eld signal is generated betWeen the IC and the ?nger’s living tissue layer. 16,384 individual 11 K130.11 Keybd output P1.6 ?ngerprint images and authentication. AuthenTec’s Entre Pad AES3400 utiliZes TruePrint Technology, alloWing the sensor to look past the easily obscured outer surface of the 8 K130.8 Keybd output The AuthenTec EntrePad, AES3400, AuthenTec’s 3rd generation loW poWer, small form-factor ?ngerprint identi ?cation sensor IC (121). This product combines silicon elements in the sensor matrix form a planar antenna array that receives this signal, creating a digital pattern that 12 Kl30.l2 Keybd output P1.7 13 50 tion. This tool analyZes each image, controlling up to 15 sensor parameters to optimiZe the ?ngerprint image, regard The LCD display (133) DD12803AAD, in one embodi less of unusual skin conditions or surface contamination. ment, is a 128*32 dot matrix LCD module. The LCD Module can be easily accessed via parallel micro controller GPIO interface. Its features include: The TruePrint high-quality ?ngerprint imaging technology 55 suited to Bluetooth communications. These sensors auto FSTN LCD. matically generate interrupts and reduce system overhead Graphic 128*32 dot-matrix display format. 1/33 duty multiplexing ratio. 1/ 16 bias. 6 o’clock vieWing direction. Dimension outline 35(W)*28.9(H)*1.75(D) mm. Resolution 128*32 dots. Active area 29.66(W)*8.45(W) mm. enables reliable authentication. The ?ngerprint sensor is small, battery friendly and Well Trans?ective display mode and positive type, B/ W mode, Parallel input data from micro controller. accurately reproduces the ?ngerprint’s underlying structure. A poWerful utility Within TruePrint is Dynamic Optimiza 60 needed for ?nger detection. Features of the ?ngerprint component, in one embodi ment, include: TruePrint technology for ability to acquire (ATA) Compact industry standard 100-Pin LQFP Package High de?nition 128x128 TruePrint technology based pixel array 500 pixels per inch (ppi) US 7,389,103 B2 11 12 Extended Range 2.7V to 3.6V single power supply 64 K bytes of SRAM. The radio features include: Integrated RF interface connects directly to antenna. Integrated poWer ampli?er supports up to +4 dBm output poWer for class 2 & 3 operation. 0° C. to +700 C. operating temperature range Easy to integrate USB 2.0 full speed, synchronous & asynchronous serial, & 8-bit parallel system interfaces 6 or 12 MHZ operation With crystal or supplied clock input High sensitive design (—86 dBm typically). USB selective suspend support Ultra-hard surface coating 1 million rubs W/o degradation Highly scratch resistant IEC 61000-4-2 level 3 ESD capability (+/—8 KV) Built-in loW poWer ?nger detection W/system interrupt Class 1 operation is supported With an external poWer ampli?er/LNA interface. IF4enhanced direct conversion receiver architecture. Integrated TX/Rx sWitch, balun, and matching netWork in an LTCC package. LoW poWer consumption receiver design. capability Multiplexed RX/TX antenna interface. LoW poWer operation; <6 mW/imaging event. The interface of these ?ngertip sensors is pin selectable choices. The SPI interface ?nger chip sensor is selected Fully integrated PLL synthesiZer and loop ?lterirequires external 12 MHZ crystal. The baseband and softWare features include: Required and optional Bluetooth 1.2 features faster con so that the ?nger tip sensor is connected to the SP1 port (245) of the main processor. The Zeevo ZV4301 in FIG. 5 used in one embodiment is a Bluetooth SOC adapted to provide a high bandWidth CPU nection, extended SCO link, adaptive frequency hop ping (AFH), QOS, ?oW control. 20 Direct memory access (DMA) for loW overhead UART control. Standard Bluetooth HCI interface over UART and USB. Support for a range of Bluetooth data rates (57.6-723 25 Support for multiple ACL and HC-SCO packet types. Park, snilf, and hold modes. system to add Wireless connectivity to their product. The ZV 4301 (502) incorporates the industry standard 32 bit ARM7TDM1 CPU core With high bandWidth processing capability sufficient to support a Wide range of embedded applications. The ZV4301 operates from —25 C to 85 C and comes in a lead free version. The ZV4301 is implemented in a 0.18 micro meter CMOS process and includes the inte Point-to-point, point-to-multipoint, and scatter net. gration of all RF components and digital circuitry. The only external components needed are an antenna, crystal, refer ence resister, decoupling capacitors, and ?ash memory. The ZV4301 is designed for loW poWer applications including 30 sleep and deep sleep modes, and operates from a single 3.3V supply. The ZV4301 is manufactured in a 8.6><8.6><1.65 mm LTCC BGA package With 100 balls. The ZV4301 is supplied With a link library for a complete loWer layer protocol stack and source code to the blueOS operating system, target manager and link manager API. Upper layers are supported through the Zeevo partner pro gram With ?rmWare, Bluetooth protocol stack softWare and Bluetooth pro?les available from Zeevo’s extensive partner 35 Up to 7 slaves and up to 4 Pico nets supported. u-LaW, A-LaW and CVSD transcoders on SCO channel Full 8- to 128 bit encryption. The baseband modem includes: Demodulator, modulator, RX/TX self calibration, burst timing control and transmitter burst spectral shaping. FEC encoder/decoder, data Whitening, encryption4de cryption, and cyclic redundancy check. Link controller for synchroniZation, frequency hope con trol, and receiver/transmitter slot timing. The external bus interface includes: 40 list. 8,16-bit data bus. 23-bit address bus. Support for 2 memory banks. Each bank supports up to 16 The Zeevo4301 typical application supports AV equip ment, smart phones, personal digital assistants, printers, Mbytes ?ash and SRAM, With independent timing cellular peripherals, access points and industry controls. Features include: Kb/sec) control for each bank. 45 GPIO can function as additional interrupts. Bluetooth 1.2 compliant. High bandWidth ARM7TDM1 processor subsystem. 3 dedicated chip selects, each With independent timing 12, 24 and 48 MHZ CPU clocksiselectable on chip PLL 3 indicated interrupt lines. from single 12 MHZ input. Highly integrated loW cost solution: Radio, link control control. The UART includes: 50 and CPU are integrated. 16450 register set compatible UART. High throughput. 9600, 19.2K, 384K, 5761K, 115.2K, 2304K, 460.8K, Tested quali?ed softWare stack available. Support for very loW poWer modesisleep and deep RTS and CTS ?oW control signals for UART. Direct Memory Access (DMA) for loW overhead UART control. The USB support includes: USB version 2.0 compliant interface. sleep. and 921.6 Kbs UART baud rates. 55 Audio capability on an SCO channel. On chip crystal tuning and poWer calibration. Complete co-location and co-existence solutions With 802.11 supported through AWMA, AFH and SFH. The CPU and memory support include: USB Wakeup and detach sideband signals supported. 60 The general purpose I/O features: 12 24 and 48 MHZ operation. 32/16 bit RISC architecture, 32 bit ARM instruction. 16 bit Thumb instruction set for increased code density. 32 bit ALU and high performance multiplier. Extensive debug facilitiesiJTAG. 8 K bytes of boot ROM. Direct Memory Access (DMA) for loW overhead USB control. ARM7TDM1 processor core. Sixteen individually programmable general purpose I/O. 65 Con?gurable for UART Wake up hand shaking. Base band and CPU activity indication. USB/UART mode select. Each GPIO can be used as interrupt. US 7,389,103 B2 14 13 speaker and headphone could interface through the Blue The pulse code modulator support includes: PCM interface for audio applications: PCM-OUT, PCM_IN, PCM_CLK, and tooth module, as described in the context of FIG. 1. From FIG. 7, the components include the main processor 700, Which couples to the Bluetooth module 732, WiFi module 751 and audio codec 741. The audio codec couples to speaker 752, microphone 751, audio jack 753. The main PCM SYNC. Linear u-LaW and A-LaW codes supported. Interface to OKI MSM 7732-01 and OKI 7716 codec. Direct Memory Access (DMA) for loW overhead PCM processor also may couple to a ?ngerprint sensor 721 and a control A 12 MHZ crystal serves as the primary clock crystal. FIG. 5 shoWs the ZV4301 to other CPU and peripheral interfaces. The ZV4301 is interfaced With the main proces sor LPC2132 (100) through the UART port. The 8 Mb Flash memory AT49BV802A (501) is interfaced With ZV4301 battery pack 712. A battery charger and poWer management component 724, such as a cradle, couples to a DC poWer input 713 and charges the battery 712. The main processor also may couple to a camera module 750, a display 733, a keypad 711 and joy stick 723. The camera module may, for instance, be a 3 mega pixel CMOS component. The main processor 700 provides an array of ports for interfacing With these various components. While currently available com ponents are generally identi?ed, such as by resolution or Wireless standard, one of skill in the art Will recogniZe that through the external bus interface. The single rail linear codec (141) is interfaced With the ZV4301 through the PCM interface. Debugging of the remote is supported by JTAG header and BDM header is used in the board for the debugging purposes. This section gives the details of the JTAG header and BDM header. The processor complies With the IEEE 1149.1A JTAG testing standard. The JTAG test pins are multiplexed With these components Will evolve over the 20 year life of a patent. 20 background debug pins. The system is fed With 5 volts input poWer. The input poWer is passed through a diode to provide the protection against reverse polarity. The poWer to the digital butler 25 protocols developed for cordless telephones also might be remote comes from an external poWer supply module. The external poWer supply module Will provide poWer to the remote and for charging the battery. The input poWer is fed through a connector. From the 5 volts input, the folloWing used. Data is transmitted and received over Bluetooth or 30 to the core of the processor. PLL voltage: The core voltage assigned to keyboard, trackball, ?ngerprint and LCD pack 35 1. LPC213x Philips User manual Nov. 22-2004. 2. Zeevo ZV4301 Datasheet Jan. 24, 2005. 3. P89LPC930/931 Data Sheet, Rev.05-15 Dec. 2004. 4. DDG128032AAD Data sheet, Rev1.0, Issue date: Oct. 10, 2004 corrupted data packets. 40 This format includes eight ?elds: start of packet, packet 45 50 given string is displayed on the LCD display in the pre de?ned font shape and siZe. In the byte mode, the given date is displayed as raW data, Which alloWs the user to design their oWn shapes. X- and Y-position coordinates indicate the In addition, a camera can be incorporated into the remote, roW and column position on the LCD. thereby enabling video conferencing and other visual fea tures. The camera is complemented by a glue logic appli The keyboard module of the remote is implemented using 55 an 8051. The key press data is sent to the main microcon 60 troller through an I2C interface for further processing. The keyboard is a matrix keyboard including 13 scan lines and eight return lines. A key press causes the 8051 to generate make and break codes along With key press values. This data is given to the main micro controller, Which operates in an multi-media console, such as one running under WindoWs, OS X or Linux. A CMOS camera commercially available for incorporation in camera phones may be suitable for this application. This is illustrated in FIG. 7. FIG. 7 depicts building the digital butler remote board as type, link, mode, exposition, Why position, data and check sum. The mode ?eld indicates the mode in Which the data is to be displayed. This module operates in tWo modes, a so-called font mode and a byte mode. In a phone mode, the . Authentec Fingerprint sensor AES 3400 Data sheet. . MSM7716 OKI Datasheet Version August 1998. cation supplied for or native to a communications and/or The LCD connected to the main controller uses the GPIO interface, including data and control lines. The LCD can be used to display data received over the Wireless link. Another custom-designed packet format may be used for LCD data. 5. ITT Cannon, Miniature all direction scanning sWitch Data sheet. 8. AT49BV802A Datasheet, Document 3405D-Flash March/2005. ets. The start of packet ?eld indicates that the packet starts here. For instance, 0x7C can be used as a start of packet ?ag. A data ?eld of just tWo bytes may be sufficient. When the checksum contains an XOR of all the data, link and packet type ?elds, the checksum ?eld can be used to discard is the input to the PLL through a ferrite bead, Which supplies poWer to clock generation and PLL circuits of the processor. Data sheets publicly available for the major IC compo nents include: another Wireless connection betWeen the console and the palm-held remote in a custom data format. In this format, a record may have ?elds including start of packet, packet type, links, data and checksum. Different packet types are voltages are derived on the CPU card: Processor core voltage: The core supply for the processor is generated through a loW dropout regulator that can support current up to 1.5 A operating from a 5V-input. The output 1.8V is fed Remote SoftWare SoftWare components of the palm-held remote include an LCD interface module, a keyboard interface module, a ?ngerprint sensor module, trackball interface module and a Bluetooth module. Other Wireless protocols such as IEEE 802.1/x protocols can be substituted for Bluetooth. Wireless an XScale processor based solution. This remote is built interrupt mode. Here, the 8051 acts as a master and the around the Intel XScale micro controller. The main proces LPC2132 acts as a slave. sor provides interfaces for the Keypad, Joystick, 320*240 Fingerprint sensor softWare uses SPI code on the main graphics LCD module, ?ngerprint sensor, Bluetooth SOC, controller. The ?ngerprint data Will be sent in a particular packet format over the Wireless link to be processed on the WiFi 802.11b/g module, audio codec and camera module. The audio codec interfaces With a microphone, speaker and headphone for voice utilities. Alternatively, the microphone, 65 host side. Authentec provides a useable appropriate library of routines for ?ngerprint authentication. US 7,389,103 B2 15 16 The trackball interface module uses sampling techniques connections for a telephone line. This connection Will be terminated to a R111 jack (635) on the carrier board for this purpose. The serial port signals in the motherboard are terminated to header COM2 Which is in RS232 level. A to read the ball movement and click button states. The outputs of the trackball are connected to general-purpose I/O channels. The modules sense the state of the general-purpose I/O’s at a predetermined frequency, such as 1 kHZ. A Bluetooth Wireless interface module may be based on RS232 transceiver interfaces (631) to the modem (634). A standard, olf-the-shelf 802.11g WLAN module (632) is Zeevo ZV4301 Bluetooth SOC With headset and serial port available module With USB interface. The module can be connected to the USB port available on the motherboard header. An external antenna may positioned at the rear panel pro?le (SPP) ?rmWare. This module is coupled to the main controller through a UART. The module is adapted to convey Wirelessly a mix of keyboard data, trackball data, of the host system for maximum sensitivity. Some suitable modules include the Linksys-WUSB54GP and NetGear ?ngerprint sensor data for authentication and data to be displayed on the remote module’s display. WG111. These modules are interoperable With 802.11 b. A Console HardWare Introduction The core component of the console or host system may be a standard mini ITX mother board With ports to add periph erals. A USB Bluetooth module and USB WLAN module may be connected to the motherboard through USB ports. A display is connected through VGA connector and the socket modern with R111 connector is connected through serial port 2. The remaining ports can be used for external interface. WLAN module may be an alternative to a Bluetooth module for communications With the remote, or can provide a netWork interface for the console. A standard, off-the-shelf Bluetooth module (633) is avail 20 The Wireless remote communicates over Bluetooth With the USB Bluetooth module. 25 Features includes DC-DC converters to provide output voltages of +12V, —12V, +3.3V, and +5V DC, similar to an ATX poWer supply. These poWer supply tapping is used in the carrier FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the console (606). The host console of the system may be built on a standard Mini-ITX motherboard and an additional add-on board to support the features like WAP, Bluetooth, and a MODEM for PSTN and a PCI-VGA Card. A standard Mini ITX is available in a 17 cm><17 cm form factor. The motherboard and/or add-on board may include tWo VGA connectors; for example, a VGA connector from motherboard (613) and a second VGA connector using a PCI add-on card (614). The design also may include a serial port for external interface (611A) and another serial port for a modem (611B), tWo USB ports (612B), support for a USB-hub, an 802.11g WLAN module board to supply poWer to the add on modules such as socket 30 and an ATX poWer supply or Mini-ITX poWer module. Motherboard support may include a VIA Eden/C3 pro cessor at operating at 1.0-1.5 GHZ or another rate, integrated Console software 35 A Linux core runs on the VIA Eden processor. The module drivers loaded on the OS core takes control the peripheral devices. A dedicated softWare application running parses data received Wirelessly, such as over Bluetooth. It also redirects the data to corresponding modules. 40 Modules The modem connected With the host system motherboard is used to make the dial-up connections. This makes the socket modem module as a portable one. 45 Castle Rock graphics With MPEG-2 decoder (optionally an MPEG-4 decoder for video), a memory socket, such as al DDR266 SODIMM socket, a PCI slot, tWo UltraDMA 66/ 100/ 133 connectors (SATA connectors can be used), a 10/100 Base-T Ethernet physical connection, PS2 mouse and keyboard ports; a parallel port, an RJ-45 LAN port, a serial port, tWo USB 2.0 ports and a VGA port. A socket modem module (634) is one component used to connect the motherboard to a POTS telephone system. Alternatively, modules can interface the motherboard to a modem, WLAN, and Bluetooth modules. Introduction (632), preferably interoperable With 802.11b, With a sepa rately connected antenna. Other console components may include a USB to Bluetooth module (632) With chip antenna, a standard PC hard disk drive (623) and DVD drive (624) able module With USB interface. The module may be connected to the USB port available on the motherboard header. The module Will be connected to the host system by the USB port available on the motherboard header. The modules built around CSR chipset may be suitable. The poWer supply used may be a standard mini ITX poWer supply. A standard 12 volts DC poWer module also can be used for this purpose. The poWer supply board 50 On the console or host system processor side, the serial driver initialiZes and con?gures the serial port baud rate equal to the modem baud rate. An appropriate modem driver is loaded to manipulate the connected socket modem. A WLAN module is a port of the Linux-WLAN driver, adapted to the host board. The USB WLAN modules identi?ed from Linksys and NetGear use the same driver. Once the WLAN hardWare is connected to the USB port, it is logically connected to the access point using the WLAN control utility. 55 A suitable Linux Bluetooth softWare stack is BlueZ. cellular or similar telephone system or to a voice over IP Processing data from the stack involves developing parsing (VoIP) system. One suitable module is a WMV34-0-TSM 100 from Analog Devices. This serial socket modem pro the data received from the remote. The communication With the remote is established using the BlueZ utilities from the host for remote headset and serial port functionalities. Once the application knoWs the source of the data packet, it redirects the data to the appropriate module for the required functionality. The softWare also provides a facility to send vides complete WorldWide support. An Analog Devices serial socket modem features a solid state DAA that supports 60 international operation With compliance to international telephone standards. The modem module can be plugged on the carrier board by means of board to board connectors and Will be interfaced to the additional serial port available on the motherboard header. The socket modem module is the data to the LCD available on the remote side. The 65 application developer can use the ?ngerprint raW data received from the Bluetooth remote and the authentication poWered by 3.3V DC supply and the interfacing signals are code libraries provided by the vendor to achieve the match in the 3.3V LVTTL level. The socket modem module has the ing operation. US 7,389,103 B2 17 18 a compact keypad including numeric keys usable for The console may support the following functions: telephone dialing, Bluetooth remote access. the compact keypad further including alphabetic keys WLAN enabled for network communication. usable for web browsing, Socket modem module for dial-up network connection. The following combinations of hardware and software features are within the scope of this disclosure for providing services described. Supported by the console, one or any combination of the following: wherein the bread-box or smaller siZed console integrates at least a DVD/ CD player, a network port and logic and resources adapted to authenticate users of the palm-held remote and person General Purpose Computer aliZe their telephone network connection and their Internet browsing based on ?ngerprints received TV Set Top Box w/ optional personal video recorder (PVR) from the palm-held remote, connect the palm-held remote to the telephone network, Terrestrial, Cable, Satellite, lP Messaging console (one or any combo) Text (SMS/Webpages) Voice (Landline/cell/IP) Video Network Port TV and/or Monitor Out 15 drive speakers and provide volume control, provide playback control for the DVD/CD player, and access and playback digitally stored music; Optionally Hard Drive Media Card Reader (non-volatile memory) CD/DVD (Writable versions possible) whereby the palm-held remote allows a user of to select 20 nection, lntemet browsing, channel control, volume control, DVD/CD playback control, and digitally stored music nation of the following: 25 Speaker/Mic/Vol control Display Cursor Control Thumb-board (Alphanumeric) Applied to the following services: 30 Communication, including Phone (LL/Cell/IP), lntemet, email, and teXt/voice/video messenger Entertainment, including Multimedia apps, including TV, PVR, DVD, Video, Photo, Music, Radio, and Games. are further adapted to connect the palm-held remote to a messaging service and to alert the user to incoming mes sages while the monitor or television is being used to watch TV 4. The method of claim 3, wherein the console is associ 35 service is short-message-service (SMS). 5. The method of claim 3, wherein the console is associ ated with one or more telephone numbers and the messaging (PlM), contacts, calendar, editor. service is a cellular telephone messaging protocol. 40 6. The system of claim 1, wherein the logic and resources are further adapted to provide answering machine services and to allow a user to select answering machine features. 7. The system of claim 1, wherein the bread-box or smaller siZed console further includes non-volatile storage siZed to time-shift with a remote, a remote adapted to control a console or a combination of console and remote. While the present invention is disclosed by reference to access and playback. 2. The system of claim 1, wherein the bread-box or smaller siZed console further include non-volatile storage siZed to hold a library of digitally stored music. 3. The system of claim 1, wherein the logic and resources ated with one or more telephone numbers and the messaging Productivity apps, such as a personal information manager Some Particular Embodiments The present invention may be practiced as a method or device adapted to practice the method. The same method can be viewed from the perspective of a console adapted for use among and use the bread-box or smaller siZed console’s user authentication and personalization, telephone network con Wireless network router Supported by the hand-held remote, one or any combi FingerprintiOptional connect the palm-held remote to the lntemet and dis play web pages on a monitor or television, control channels accessed by a video receiver, 45 playback from the video receiver and the preferred embodiments and examples detailed above, it its logic and resources are further adapted to provide a is understood that these examples are intended in an illus trative rather than in a limiting sense. Computer-assisted menu of upcoming video content, schedule recording of the video content and replay the video content. 8. The system of claim 1, wherein the palm-held remote processing is implicated in the described embodiments. It is contemplated that modi?cations and combinations will 50 readily occur to those skilled in the art, which modi?cations and combinations will be within the spirit of the invention 9. A multi-media and communications system, including: a palm-held remote; and and the scope of the following claims. I claim: a bread-box or smaller siZed console in wireless commu 1. A multi-media and communications system, including: a palm-held remote; and nication with the remote; wherein the palm-held remote integrates at least a speaker, microphone and volume control adapted for a bread-box or smaller siZed console in wireless commu nication with the remote; wherein the palm-held remote integrates at least a ?ngerprint reader, a speaker, microphone and volume control adapted for use as a telephone, 60 number, use as a telephone, a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and control resources of the console, a display at least capable of showing a telephone a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and control resources of the console, a display at least capable of showing a telephone number, further integrates a camera and the logic and resources of the bread-box or smaller siZed console are further adapted to connect camera data to a video conferencing module. a compact keypad including numeric keys usable for 65 telephone dialing, the compact keypad further including alphabetic keys usable for messaging, US 7,389,103 B2 19 20 wherein the bread-box or smaller sized console integrates at least a DVD/ CD player, a network port and logic and a cursor control and trigger adapted to select and control resources of the console, resources adapted to a compact keypad including numeric keys usable for connect the palm-held remote to the telephone network, telephone dialing, send and receive messages across a communications network, displaying the messages on a monitor or the compact keypad further including alphabetic keys usable for web browsing, television, wherein the bread-box or smaller siZed console integrates at least a media card reader, a network port and logic and resources adapted to control channels accessed by a video receiver, drive speakers and provide volume control, and provide playback control for the DVD/CD player; whereby the palm-held remote allows a user of to select connect the palm-held remote to the telephone network, control with the palm-held remote retrieval, transfer and playback of digital content from the media card among and use the bread-box or smaller siZed console’ s telephone network connection, messaging, channel control, volume control, and DVD/CD playback con reader, trol. 10. The system of claim 9, wherein the palm-held remote further integrates a camera and the logic and resources of the control channels accessed by a video receiver, bread-box or smaller siZed console are further adapted to connect camera data to a video conferencing module. whereby the palm-held remote allows a user of to select 11. A multi-media and communications system, includ ing: a palm-held remote; and a bread-box or smaller siZed console in wireless commu nication with the remote; wherein the palm-held remote integrates at least a speaker, microphone and volume control adapted for use as a telephone, a display at least capable of showing a telephone number, drive speakers and provide volume control, and among and use the bread-box or smaller siZed con 20 sole’s user authentication and personaliZation, tele phone network connection, media card reader func tions, channel control, and volume control. 12. The system of claim 11, wherein the palm-held remote further integrates a camera and the logic and resources of the bread-box or smaller siZed console are further adapted to connect camera data to a video conferencing module.