RTX 8630 User guide
SME VoIP System Guide
Technical Reference Document
Version 1.9
© July-2013 RTX A/S, Denmark
SME VoIP System Guide, Version 1.9
Proprietary and Confidential
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Chapter: About This Document
Installation & Configuration
Network Deployment
Operation & Management
1
Trademarks
RTX and the combinations of its logo thereof are trademarks of RTX A/S, Denmark.
Other product names used in this publication are for identification purposes and maybe the trademarks of their respective
companies.
Disclaimer
The contents of this document are provided in connection with RTX products. RTX makes no representations with respect to
completeness or accuracy of the contents of this publication and reserves the right to make changes to product descriptions, usage,
etc., at any time without notice. No license, whether express, implied, to any intellectual property rights are granted by this
publication
Confidentiality
© July-2013 RTX A/S, Denmark, All rights reserved
http://www.rtx.dk
SME VoIP System Guide, Version 1.9
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Chapter: About This Document
This document should be regarded as confidential, unauthorized copying is not allowed
2
Contents
SME VoIP System Guide .................................................................................................................................... 1
Contents ............................................................................................................................................................ 3
1 About This Document ................................................................................................................................ 6
1.1 Audience .................................................................................................................................................. 6
1.2 When Should I Read This Guide .............................................................................................................. 6
1.3 Important Assumptions ........................................................................................................................... 6
1.4 What’s Inside This Guide ......................................................................................................................... 6
1.5 What’s Not in This guide.......................................................................................................................... 7
1.6 Abbreviations........................................................................................................................................... 7
1.7 References/Related Documentation ....................................................................................................... 7
1.8 Document History.................................................................................................................................... 8
1.9 Documentation Feedback ....................................................................................................................... 8
2
Introduction – System Overview ............................................................................................................... 9
2.1 Hardware Setup ....................................................................................................................................... 9
2.2 Components of SME VoIP System ......................................................................................................... 10
2.3 Wireless Bands ...................................................................................................................................... 11
2.4 System Capacity (in Summary) .............................................................................................................. 11
2.5 Advantages of SME VoIP System ........................................................................................................... 12
3
Installation of Base Stations/Repeater .................................................................................................... 13
3.1 Package – Contents/Damage Inspection ............................................................................................... 13
3.2 RTX Base station Mechanics .................................................................................................................. 14
3.3 RTX Base Unit – Reset feature ............................................................................................................... 14
3.4 Installing the Base Station ..................................................................................................................... 15
3.5 Find IP of Base Station ........................................................................................................................... 16
3.6 Login to Base SME Configuration Interface ........................................................................................... 17
4
Making Handset Ready ............................................................................................................................ 18
4.1 Package – Contents/Damage Inspection ............................................................................................... 18
4.3 Using the Handset ................................................................................................................................. 20
5
SME VoIP Administration Interface ......................................................................................................... 21
5.1 Web navigation...................................................................................................................................... 21
5.2 Home/Status .......................................................................................................................................... 23
5.3 Extensions .............................................................................................................................................. 24
5.4 Servers ................................................................................................................................................... 33
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4.2 Before Using the Phone ......................................................................................................................... 19
3
5.5 Network ................................................................................................................................................. 35
5.6 Management Settings Definitions ......................................................................................................... 39
5.7 Firmware Update Definitions ................................................................................................................ 41
5.8 Time Server ............................................................................................................................................ 42
5.9 Country .................................................................................................................................................. 44
5.10 Security ................................................................................................................................................ 45
5.11 Central Directory and LDAP ................................................................................................................. 48
5.12 Multi-cell Parameter Definitions ......................................................................................................... 50
5.13 Repeaters............................................................................................................................................. 56
5.14 Statistics............................................................................................................................................... 59
5.15 Settings – Configuration File Setup ..................................................................................................... 61
5.16 Sys log .................................................................................................................................................. 62
5.17 SIP Logs ................................................................................................................................................ 62
6
Multi-cell Setup & Management ............................................................................................................. 63
6.1 Adding Base stations ............................................................................................................................. 63
6.2 Synchronizing the Base stations ............................................................................................................ 67
6.3 Summary of Procedure – Creating a Chain............................................................................................ 70
6.4 Practical Configuration of Multi-cell System ......................................................................................... 71
7
Registration Management - Handset ...................................................................................................... 76
7.1 Register handset to base (non multiline) .............................................................................................. 76
7.2 Register handset to base (multiline) ..................................................................................................... 78
7.3 Register handset to base and specific extension (multiline) ................................................................. 81
8
Firmware Upgrade Procedure ................................................................................................................. 83
8.1 Network Dimensioning .......................................................................................................................... 83
8.2 TFTP Configuration ................................................................................................................................ 83
8.3 Create Firmware Directories ................................................................................................................. 84
8.4 Firmware Update Settings ..................................................................................................................... 86
8.5 Base Station(s) Firmware Upgrade ........................................................................................................ 86
9
Functionality Overview ............................................................................................................................ 90
9.1 System Feature List................................................................................................................................ 90
9.2 Detail Feature List .................................................................................................................................. 91
Appendix .......................................................................................................................................................... 94
10
Appendix A: Basic Network Server(s) Configuration ........................................................................... 94
10.1 Server setup ......................................................................................................................................... 94
10.2 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 94
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8.6 Handset(s) and Repeater Firmware Upgrade ........................................................................................ 88
4
10.3 DNS Server Installation/Setup ............................................................................................................. 94
10.4 DHCP Server Setup .............................................................................................................................. 94
10.5 TFTP Server Setup ................................................................................................................................ 96
10.6 SIP Server Setup................................................................................................................................... 97
11
Appendix B: Using Base with VLAN Network .................................................................................... 100
11.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 100
11.2 Backbone/ VLAN Aware Switches ..................................................................................................... 101
11.3 How VLAN Switch Work: VLAN Tagging ............................................................................................ 102
11.4 Implementation Cases ....................................................................................................................... 102
11.5 Base station Setup ............................................................................................................................. 103
11.6 Configure Time Server ....................................................................................................................... 103
11.7 VLAN Setup: Base station .................................................................................................................. 104
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Appendix C: SME VoIP Network Planning/Optimization ................................................................... 105
12.1 Network Requirements ..................................................................................................................... 105
12.2 Deployment Considerations .............................................................................................................. 105
12.3 Site Planning ...................................................................................................................................... 105
12.4 Cell Coverage / Capacity Planning ..................................................................................................... 106
12.5 Network Dimensioning ...................................................................................................................... 107
12.6 Environmental Considerations .......................................................................................................... 108
12.7 Recommended Base station/Repeater Placement ........................................................................... 108
12.8 Network Assessment/Optimisation .................................................................................................. 109
13
Appendix D: Local Central directory file handling ............................................................................. 111
13.1 Central Directory Contact List Structure ........................................................................................... 111
13.2 Central Directory Contact List Filename Format ............................................................................... 111
13.3 Import Contact List to Central Directory ........................................................................................... 112
13.4 Central directory using server ........................................................................................................... 113
13.5 Verification of Contact List Import to Central Directory ................................................................... 113
14.2 System Start Up ................................................................................................................................. 114
14.3 Terminal Attachment......................................................................................................................... 114
14.4 Outgoing Calls .................................................................................................................................... 114
14.5 Incoming Calls .................................................................................................................................... 114
14.6 Handover ........................................................................................................................................... 115
14.7 Roaming ............................................................................................................................................. 116
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Appendix E: Network Operations ...................................................................................................... 114
14.1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 114
5
1 About This Document
This document describes the configuration, customization, management, operation, maintenance and
trouble shooting of the SME VoIP System (RTX860 base, RTX8630 handset, RTX8430 handset and RTX4024
Repeater) in RTX generic mode. For customer specific modes refer to specific customer agreements, which
describe the software operational deviations from this document. For handset detailed user guide refer to
[1].
1.1 Audience
Who should read this guide? First, this guide is intended for networking professionals responsible for
designing and implementing RTX based enterprise networks.
Second, network administrators and IT support personnel that need to install, configure, maintain and
monitor elements in a “live” SME VoIP network will find this document helpful. Furthermore, anyone who
wishes to gain knowledge on fundamental features in the Beatus system can also benefit from this
material.
1.2 When Should I Read This Guide
Read this guide before you install the core network devices of VoIP SME System and when you are ready to
setup or configure SIP server, NAT aware router, advanced VLAN settings, base stations, and multi cell
setup.
This manual will enable you to set up components in your network to communicate with each other and
also deploy a fully functionally VoIP SME System.
1.3 Important Assumptions
This document was written with the following assumptions in mind:
1) You have understanding of network deployment in general
2) You have working knowledge of basic TCP/IP/SIP protocols, Network Address Translation, etc...
3) A proper site survey has been performed, and the administrator have access to these plans
We summarize the contents of this document in the table below:
Where Is It?
Content
Purpose
Introduction
to
the
SME
VoIP
To gain knowledge about the different elements in a
Chapter 2
Network
typical SME VoIP Network
Installation of Base
Considerations to remember before unwrapping and
Chapter 3
station/Repeater
installing base units and repeaters
Making Handsets Ready
To determine precautions to take in preparing
Chapter 4
handsets for use in the system
SME VoIP Administration
To learn about the Configuration Interface and define
Chapter 5
Interface
full meaning of various parameters needed to be setup
in the system.
Multi-Cell Setup &
Learn how to add servers and setup multiple bases
Chapter 6
Management
into a multi-cell network
Registration Management Learn how to register handset and extensions to base
Chapter 7
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1.4 What’s Inside This Guide
6
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
10 Appendix A
11 Appendix B
12 Appendix C
13 Appendix D
14 Appendix E
Handsets
Firmware
Upgrade/Downgrade
Management
System Functionality
Overview
Basic Network Servers
Configuration
VLAN Setup Management
SME VoIP Network
Planning/Optimization
Local central directory file
handling
Network Operations
stations
Provides the procedure of how to upgrade firmware to
base stations and/or handsets and/or repeaters
To gain detail knowledge about the system features.
To learn about operating the handset and base
stations including detail description of handset MMI.
Examines how to setup VLAN in the SME network
To learn radio network planning techniques including
dimensioning, detailed capacity, coverage planning
and network optimisation
Detailed description of central directory file format
and upload.
To study the operation of network elements during
system start up, location registration, etc.
1.5 What’s Not in This guide
This guide provides overview material on network deployment, how-to procedures, and configuration
examples that will enable you to begin configuring your VoIP SME System.
It is not intended as a comprehensive reference to all detail and specific steps on how to configure other
vendor specific components/devices needed to make the SME VoIP System functional. For such a
reference to vendor specific devices, please contact the respective vendor documentation.
1.6 Abbreviations
DHCP:
DNS:
HTTP(S):
(T)FTP:
IOS:
PCMA:
PCMU:
PoE:
RTP:
RPORT:
SIP:
SME:
VLAN:
TOS:
URL:
UA:
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Domain Name Server
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (Secure)
(Trivial) File Transfer Protocol
Internetworking Operating System
A-law Pulse Code Modulation
mu-law Pulse Code Modulation
Power over Ethernet
Real-time Transport Protocol
Response Port (Refer to RFC3581 for details)
Session Initiation Protocol
Small and Medium scale Enterprise
Virtual Local Access Network
Type of Service (policy based routing)
Uniform Resource Locator
User Agent
1.7 References/Related Documentation
[1]:
[2]:
Handset operation Manual v0.5
How to Deploy SME VOIP System v1.1
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For the purpose of this document, the following abbreviations hold:
7
[3]:
Provisioning of SME VoIP System (4)
1.8 Document History
Revision
1.9
Author
KMR
Issue Date
17-July-2013
1.8
1.7
1.6
KMR
JMG
KMR
18-Feb-2013
15-Aug-2012
15-April-2011
Comments
Document updated to match V303 software feature
level (security, multiline, time settings).
Primary Data Sync IP: Added note about data sync
source.
Restructured and updated to software V273 operation
Deployment information update
Modified table in section 2.4
1.9 Documentation Feedback
Chapter: About This Document
We always strive to produce the best and we also value your comments and suggestions about our
documentation. If you have any comments about this guide, please enter them through the Feedback link
on the RTX website. We will use your feedback to improve the documentation.
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2 Introduction – System Overview
In a typical telephony system, the network setup is the interconnection between Base-stations, “fat”
routers, repeaters, portable parts, etc. The back-bone of the network depends on the deployment scenario
but a ring or hub topology is used. The network has centralized monitoring, and maintenance system.
The system is easy to scale up and supports from 1 to 40 bases in the same network. Further it is able to
support up to 200 registered handsets (RTX8630 and RTX8430). The Small and Medium Scale Enterprise
(SME) VoIP system setup is illustrated below. Based on PoE interface each base station is easy to install
without additional wires other than the LAN cable. The system supports the IP DECT CAT-IQ repeater
RTX4024 with support up to 5 channels simultaneous call sessions.
The following figure gives a graphical overview of the architecture of the SME VoIP System:
2.1 Hardware Setup
Base-station(s) are connected via Layer 3 and/or VLAN Aware Router depending on the deployment
requirements. The Layer 3 router implements the switching function.
The base-stations are mounted on walls or lamp poles so that each base-station is separated from each
other by up to 50m indoor1 (300m outdoor). Radio coverage can extended using repeaters that are
installed with same distance to base-station(s).
The base-station antenna mechanism is based on space diversity feature which improves coverage. The
base-stations uses complete DECT MAC protocol layer and IP media stream audio encoding feature to
provide up to 10 simultaneous calls.
1
Measured with European DECT radio and depends on local building layout and material
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SME network hardware setup can deployed as follows:
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2.2 Components of SME VoIP System
RTX SME VoIP system is made up of (but not limited to) the following components:
•
At least one RTX Base Station is connected over an IP network and using DECT as air-core interface.
•
RTX IP DECT wireless Handset.
•
RTX SME VoIP Configuration Interface; is a management interface for SME VoIP Wireless Solution. It
runs on all IP DECT Base stations. Each Base station has its own unique settings.
2.2.1 RTX Base Stations
This server is referred to as SME VoIP Configuration Interface.
The SME VoIP Configuration Interface is a web based administration page used for configuration and
programming of the base station and relevant network end-nodes. E.g. handsets can be registered or deregistered from the system using this interface.
The configuration interface can be used as a setup tool for software or firmware download to base stations,
repeaters and handsets. Further, it is used to check relevant system logs that can be useful to
administrator. These logs can be used to troubleshoot the system when the system faces unforeseen
operational issues.
Chapter: Introduction – System Overview
The Base Station converts IP protocol to DECT protocol and transmits the traffic to and from the end-nodes
(i.e. wireless handsets) over a channel. It has 12 available channels.
In a multi-cell setup, each base station has:
• 8 channels have associated DSP resources for media streams.
• The remaining 4 channels are reserved for control signalling between IP Base Stations and the SIP/DECT
end nodes (or phones).
Base Stations are grouped into clusters. Within each Cluster, Base Stations are synchronized to enable a
seamless handover when a user moves from one base station coverage to another. For synchronization
purposes, it is not necessary for Base Stations to communicate directly with each other in the system. E.g. a
Base Station may only need to communicate with the next in the chain. It is advisable for a Base Station to
identify more than one Base Station to guarantee synchronization in the situation that one of the Base
Stations fails.
The 4 control signalling channels are used to carry bearer signals that enable a handset to initiate a
handover process.
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2.2.2 SME VoIP Administration Server/Software
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2.2.3 RTX Wireless Handset
The handset is a lightweight, ergonomically and portable unit compatible with Wideband Audio (G.722),
DECT, GAP standard, CAT-iq audio compliant.
The handset includes Colour display with graphical user interface. It can also provide the subscriber with
most of the features available for a wired phone, in addition to its roaming and handover capabilities. Refer
to the relevant handset manual for full details handset features.
2.3 Wireless Bands
The bands supported in the SME VoIP are summarized as follows:
Frequency bands:
1880 – 1930 MHz (DECT)
1880 – 1900 MHz (10 carriers) Europe/ETSI
1910 – 1930 MHz (10 carriers) LATAM
1920 – 1930 MHz (5 carriers) US
2.4 System Capacity (in Summary)
Description
Capacity
Min ## of Bases Single Cell Setup
1
Max ## of Bases in Multi-cell Setup
40
Single/Multi Cell Setup: Max ## of Repeaters
3 per Base station
Multi-cell Setup: Total Max ## of Repeaters
100
Max ## of Users (SIP registrations) per Base
30
Max ## of Users per SME VoIP System
limited to 200
Multi-cell Setup: Max ## of Synchronisation levels
12
Single Cell Setup: Max ## Simultaneous Calls
10 per Base station
Multi-cell Setup: Max ## of Calls
8 per Base station
Total Max ## Simultaneous Calls (Multi-cell Setup)
Limited to 200
Repeater: Max ## of Calls (Narrow band)
5
Repeater: Max ## of Calls (G722)
2
Quick Definitions
Single Cell Setup:
Multi-cell Setup:
Synchronisation Level:
SME telephony network composed of one base station
Telephony network that consists of more than one base station
Is the air core interface between two base stations.
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Chapter: Introduction – System Overview
SME network capacity of relevant components can be summarised as follows:
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2.5 Advantages of SME VoIP System
They include (but not limited to):
1. Simplicity. Integrating functionalities leads to reduced maintenance and troubleshooting, and significant
cost reductions.
2. Flexibility. Single network architecture can be employed and managed. Furthermore, the architecture is
amenable to different deployment scenarios, including Isolated buildings for in-building coverage, location
with co-located partners, and large to medium scale enterprises deployment for wide coverage.
3. Scalability. SME network architecture can easily be scaled to the required size depending on customer
requirement.
Chapter: Introduction – System Overview
4. Performance. The integration of different network functionalities leads to the collapse of the protocol
stack in a single network element and thereby eliminates transmission delays between network elements
and reduces the call setup time and packet fragmentation and aggregation delays.
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3 Installation of Base Stations/Repeater
After planning the network, next is to determine the proper places or location the relevant base stations
will be installed. Therefore, we briefly describe the how to install the base station in this chapter.
3.1 Package – Contents/Damage Inspection
Before Package Is Opened:
Examine the shipping package for evidence of physical damage or mishandling prior to opening. If there is a
proof of mishandling prior to opening, you must report it to the relevant support centre of the regional
representative or operator.
Contents of Package:
Damage Inspection:
The following are the recommended procedure for you to use for inspection:
1. Examine all relevant components for damage.
2. Make a “defective on arrival – DOA” report or RMA to the operator. Do not move the shipping
carton until it has been examined by the operator. If possible send pictures of the damage. The
operator/regional representative will initiate the necessary procedure to process this RMA. They
will guide the network administrator on how to return the damaged package if necessary.
3. If no damage is found then unwrap all the components and dispose of empty package/carton(s) in
accordance with country specific environmental regulations.
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Chapter: Installation of Base Stations/Repeater
Make sure all relevant components are available in the package before proceeding to the next step.
Every shipped base unit package/box contains the following items:
 2 x mounting screws and 2 x Anchors
 1 x Metal plate(s)
 1 x Plastic stand
 1 x Cat. 5 cable (Ethernet cable)
 Base unit
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3.2 RTX Base station Mechanics
The base station front end shows an LED indicator that signals different functional states of the base unit
and occasionally of the overall network. The indicator is off when the base unit is not powered.
The table below summarises the various LED states:
LED State
Unlit
Unlit/Solid red
Blinking green
Solid red
Blinking red
Solid green
Blinking red
Solid red
It is possible to restart or reset the base station unit by pressing a knob at the rear side of the unit.
Alternatively, it can be reset from the SME Configuration Interface. We do not recommend this; but
unplugging and plugging the Ethernet cable back to the PoE port of the base station also resets the base
unit.
Chapter: Installation of Base Stations/Repeater
Orange
State
No power in unit
Error condition
Initialisation
Factory reset warning or long press in BS reset button
Factory setting in progress
Ethernet connection available (Normal operation)
Ethernet connect not available OR handset de/registration failed
Critical error (can only be identified by RTX Engineers). Symptoms
include no system/SIP debug logs are logged, etc.
Press reset button of base station.
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3.3 RTX Base Unit – Reset feature
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3.4 Installing the Base Station
First determine the best location that will provide an optimal coverage taking account the construction of
the building, architecture and choice of building materials.
Next, mount the Base Station on a wall to cover range between 50 – 300 meters (i.e. 164 to 984 feet),
depending whether it’s an indoor or outdoor installation. Please refer to chapter 10 for important
information regarding network requirements, deployment considerations, site planning, cell
coverage/capacity planning, environmental considerations and recommended Base station placement.
3.4.1 Mounting the Base Stations/Repeaters:
We recommend the base station be mounted an angle other than vertical on both concrete/wood/plaster
pillars and walls for optimal radio coverage. Avoid mounting the base units upside down as it significantly
reduces radio coverage.
Chapter: Installation of Base Stations/Repeater
Mount the base unit as high as possible to clear all nearby objects (e.g. office cubicles and cabinets, etc.).
Occasionally extend coverage to remote offices/halls with lower telephony users by installing Repeaters.
Make sure that when you fix the base stations with screws, the screws do not touch the PCB on the unit.
Secondly, avoid all contacts with any high voltage lines.
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3.5 Find IP of Base Station
To find IP of the installed base station two methods can be used; Using handset Find IP feature or browser
IPDECT feature.
3.5.1 Using handset Find IP feature
- Use the cursor down/up to select the base MAC address for the base
- The base IP address will be shown in the display
The feature is also used for deployment. For further details refer to reference [2].
3.5.2 Using browser IPDECT
Open any standard browser and enter the address:
http://ipdect<MAC-Address-Base-Station>
for e.g. http://ipdect00087B00AA10. This will retrieve the HTTP Web Server page from the base station
with hardware address 00087B00AA10.
This feature requires an available DNS server.
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Chapter: Installation of Base Stations/Repeater
On the handset press “Menu” key followed by the keys: *47* to get the handset into find bases
menu. The handset will now scan for 8660 bases. Depending on the amount of powered on bases
with active radios and the distance to the base it can take up to minutes to find a base.
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3.6 Login to Base SME Configuration Interface
STEP 1
Connect the Base station to a private network via standard Ethernet cable (CAT-5).
STEP 2
Use the IP find menu in the handset (Menu * 4 7 *) to determine the IP-address of the base
station by matching the MAC address on the back of the base station with the MAC address list in
the handset.
STEP 3
On the Login page, enter your authenticating credentials (i.e. username and password). By
default the username and password is admin. Click OK button.
Chapter: Installation of Base Stations/Repeater
STEP 4
Once you have authenticated, the browser will display front end of the SME Configuration
Interface. The front end will show relevant information of the base station.
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4 Making Handset Ready
In this chapter we briefly describe how to prepare the handset for use, install, insert and charge new
batteries. Please refer to an accompanying Handset User Guide for more information of the features
available in the Handset.
4.1 Package – Contents/Damage Inspection
Before Package Is Opened:
Examine the shipping package for evidence of physical damage or mishandling prior to opening. If there is a
proof of mishandling prior to opening, you must report it to the relevant support centre of the regional
representative or operator.
Contents of Package:
Chapter: Making Handset Ready
Make sure all relevant components are available in the package before proceeding to the next step.
Every shipped base unit package/box contains the following items:
 2 x mounting screws and 2 x Anchors
 1 x Handset hook
 1 x A/C Adaptor
 1 x Battery
 1 x charger
 1 x Handset Unit, 1 x Battery cover
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Damage Inspection:
The following are the recommended procedure for you to use for inspection:
1. Examine all relevant components for damage.
2. Make a “defective on arrival – DOA” report or RMA to the operator. Do not move the shipping
carton until it has been examined by the operator. The operator/regional representative will
initiate the necessary procedure to process this RMA. They will guide the network administrator on
how to return the damaged package if necessary.
3. If no damage is found then unwrap all the components and dispose of empty package/carton(s) in
accordance with country specific environmental regulations.
4.2 Before Using the Phone
Here are the pre-cautions users should read before using the Handset:
Installing the Battery
1. Never dispose battery in fires, otherwise it will explode.
2. Never replace the batteries in potentially explosive environments, e.g. close to inflammable liquids/
gases.
3. ONLY use approved batteries and chargers from the vendor or operator.
4. Do not disassemble, customise or short circuit the battery
Using the Charger
Each handset is charged through the use of a handset charger. The charger is a compact desktop unit
designed to charge and automatically maintain the correct battery charge levels and voltage.
The charger Handset is powered by AC supply from 110-240VAC that supplies 5.5VDC at 600mA.
When charging the battery for the first time, it is necessary to leave the handset in the charger for at least
10 hours before the battery is fully charged and the handset ready for use.
Handset in the Charger
For correct charging, ensure that the room temperature is between 0°C and 25°C/32°F and 77°F. Do not
place the handset in direct sunlight. The battery has a built-in heat sensor which will stop charging if the
battery temperature is too high.
If the handset is turned off when placed in charger, only the LED indicates the charging. When handset is
turned off, the LED flashes at a low frequency while charging and lights constantly when the charging is
finished. There will be response for incoming calls.
If the handset is turned on when charging, the display shows the charging status.
Open Back Cover
Chapter: Making Handset Ready
1. Press down the back cover and slide it towards the bottom of the handset.
2. Remove Back Cover from Handset
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Handset Serial Number
The serial number (IPEI/IPUI number) of each handset is found either on a label, which is placed behind the
battery, or on the packaging label. First, lift off handset back cover and lift the battery and read the serial
number.
The serial number is needed to enable service to the handset. It must be programmed into the system
database via the SME VoIP Configuration interface.
Replace Battery
Remove Back Cover from Handset. Remove the old battery and replace with a new one.
4.3 Using the Handset
Chapter: Making Handset Ready
Please refer handset manual for detailed description of how to use the handset features [1].
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5 SME VoIP Administration Interface
The SME VoIP Administration Interface is also known as SME VoIP Configuration. It is the main interface
through which the system is managed and debugged.
The SME VoIP Configuration Interface is an in-built HTTP (s) Web Server service residing in each base
station. This interface is user friendly interface and easy to handle even to a first time user.
Note: Enabling secure web will decrease web server speed perceived by the user. The MS internet explorer
cash more data and as such this browser is recommended in secure web mode.
This chapter seeks to define various variables/parameters available for configuration in the network.
5.1 Web navigation
Feature
Home/Status
Extensions
Servers
Network
Description
This is the front end of the Base station’s HTTP web interface. This page shows the
summary of current operating condition and settings of the Base station and
Handset(s).
Administration of extensions and handsets in the system
On this page the user can define which SIP/NAT server the network should connect
to.
Typically the user configures the Network settings from here.
NAT provisioning: allows configuration of features for resolving of the NAT –
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We describe the left menu in the front end of the SME VoIP Administration Interface.
21
Firmware
Update
Time
Country
Security
Central
Directory
Multi cell
Repeaters
Statistics
Configuration
Syslog
SIP Log
Here the user can configure the Time server. It should be used as time server in
relevant country for exact time. The time servers have to deliver the time to
conform to the Network Time Protocol (NTP). Handsets are synchronised to this
time. Base units synchronise to the master using the Time server.
Specifying the country/territory where the SME network is located ensures that
your phone connection functions properly.
Note: The base language and country setting are independent of each other.
The users can administrate certificates and create account credentials with which
they can log in or log out of the embedded HTTP web server.
Interface to common directory load of up to 3000 entries using *csv format or
configuration of LDAP directory.
Note: LDAP and central directory cannot operate at the same time.
Specify to connect base station or chain of base stations to the network. Make sure
the system ID for the relevant base stations are the same otherwise the multi-cell
feature will not work.
Administration and configuration of repeaters of the system
Overview of system and call statistics for a system.
This shows detail and complete SME network settings for base station(s),
HTTP/DNS/DHCP/TFTP server, SIP server, etc.
Overall network related events or logs are displayed here (only live feed is shown).
SIP related logs can be retrieved from url link. It is also possible to clear logs from
this feature.
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Management
Network Address Translation. These features enable interoperability with most
types of routers.
DHCP: allows changes in protocol for getting a dynamic IP address.
Virtual LAN: specifies the Virtual LAN ID and the User priority.
IP Mode: specifies using dynamic (DHCP) or static IP address for your SME network.
IP address: if using DHCP leave it empty. Only write in, when you use static IP
address.
Subnet mask: if using DHCP, leave it empty. Only write in, when you use static IP
address.
DNS server: specify if using DHCP, leave it empty. Only write in the DNS server
address of your Internet service provider, when you use static IP address. (DNS =
Dynamic Name Server)
Default gateway: if using DHCP, leave it empty. Write in the IP address of your
router, when you use static IP address.
Defines the Configuration server address, Management transfer protocol, sizes of
logs/traces that should be catalogued in the system.
Remote firmware updates (HTTP(s)/TFTP) settings of Base stations and handsets.
22
5.2 Home/Status
We describe the parameters found in the Welcome front end home/status of the SME VoIP Administration
Interface.
Parameter
System information
Phone Type
System Type
RF Band
Current local time
RFPI-Address
MAC-Address
IP-Address
Firmware version
Firmware URL
SIP identity status
Reboot
Forced Reboot
Description
This base current multi-cell state
Always IPDECT
This base customer configuration
This base RF band setting
This base local time
This base RFPI address
This base MAC address
This base IP address
This base firmware version
Firmware update server address and firmware path on server
List of extensions present at this base station.
Format: “extension”@“this base IP address” followed by status to the
right. Below is listed possible status:
OK: Handset is ok
SIP Error: SIP registration error
Reboot after all connections is stopped on base. Connections are active
call, directory access, firmware update active
Reboot immediately.
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Screenshot
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5.3 Extensions
In this section, we describe the different parameters available whenever the administrator is creating
extensions for handsets. Note, it is not possible to add extensions if no servers are defined. As well the
section describes the administration of extensions and handsets using the extension list and the extension
list menu.
Software supports customer configurations with and without the multiline feature. Section 5.3.1 describes
“add extensions” without multiline and 5.3.2 with “multiline”.
The system can handle maximum 200 extensions matching 200 handsets which can be divided between
servers. When 200 handsets are registered it is not possible to add more extensions. With active multiline
feature the system can handle maximum 200 extensions. With 4 active lines maximum 50 handsets can be
active in the system.
5.3.1 Add extension (no multiline)
Parameter
Extension
Default Value(s)
Empty
Authentication
User Name
Authentication
Password
Display Name
Empty
Empty
Empty
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Description
Handset phone number or SIP username depending on the setup.
Possible value(s): 8-bit string length
Example: 1024, etc.
Note: The Extension must also be configured in SIP server in order
for this feature to function.
Username: SIP authentication username
Permitted value(s): 8-bit string length
Password: SIP authentication password.
Permitted value(s): 8-bit string length
Human readable name used for the given extension
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Screenshot
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Empty
Mailbox
Number
Empty
Server
Server 1 IP
Location
ANY
Call waiting
feature:
Enabled
Broadsoft
Feature Event
Package
Disabled
Forwarding
Unconditional
Number
Empty
Forwarding No
Answer Number
Empty
Disabled
90
Forwarding On
Busy Number
Empty
Disabled
Disabled
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Permitted value(s): 8-bit string length
Name of centralised system used to store phone voice messages
that can be retrieved by recipient at a later time.
Valid Input(s): 8-bit string Latin characters for the Name
Dialled mail box number by long key press on key 1.
Valid Input(s): 0 – 9, *, #
Note: Mailbox Number parameter is available only when it’s
enabled from SIP server.
FQDN or IP address of SIP server.
Drop down menu to select between the defined Servers of SME
VoIP Service provider.
Specify an extension account to be located at a specific base
station or ANY base station.
Used to enable/disable Call Waiting feature. When disabled a
second incoming call will be rejected. If enabled a second call will
be presented as call waiting.
If enabled the given SIP extension subscribes for the Broadsoft
Application Server Feature Event Package, and it becomes ready
for reception of SIP NOTIFY with status on the following Broadsoft
Server Services:
-Do Not Disturb
-Call Forwarding (Always, Busy, No answer)
The received status will be displayed in the handset idle display.
Reference section 5.3.3
Number to which incoming calls must be re-routed to irrespective
of the current state of the handset.
Forwarding Unconditional must be enabled to function.
Note: Feature must be enabled in the SIP server before it can
function in the network
Number to which incoming calls must be re-routed to when there
is no response from the SIP end node.
Forwarding No Answer Number must be enabled to function.
Note: Feature must be enabled in the SIP server before it can
function in the network
Specify delay from call to forward in seconds.
Number to which incoming calls must be re-routed to when SIP
node is busy.
Forwarding On Busy Number must be enabled to function.
Note: Feature must be enabled in the SIP server before it can
function in the network
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Mailbox Name
25
5.3.1.1 Extensions list
The added extensions will be shown in the server extension lists. There will be one list per available server.
Screenshot
Description
Select / deselect for delete, register and deregister handsets
Given extension is displayed
Given display name is displayed. If no name given this field will be empty
Handset IPEI. IPEI is unique DECT identification number.
SIP registration state – if empty the handset is not SIP registered.
Firmware version of handset
Possible FWU progress states:
Off: Means sw version is specified to 0 = fwu is off
Initializing: Means FWU is starting and progress is 0%.
X% : FWU ongoing
Verifying X%: FWU writing is done and now verifying before swap
”Waiting for charger” (HS) / ”Conn. term. wait” (Repeater): All FWU is complete and
is now waiting for handset/repeater restart.
Complete HS/repeater: FWU complete
Error: Not able to fwu e.g. file not found, file not valid etc
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Parameter
Idx
Extension
Display Name
IPEI
State
FW info
FWU Progress
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5.3.1.2 Edit Extension
To edit extension use the mouse to click the link of the extension.
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Screenshot
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5.3.2 Add extension (with multiline feature)
With active multiline feature the system distinguish between extensions, physical handsets and maximum 4
lines.
Parameter
Line Name
Default Value(s)
Empty
Handset
New Handset
Extension
Empty
Authentication
User Name
Authentication
Password
Display Name
Empty
Mailbox Name
Empty
Empty
Empty
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Description
Name of line shown to be used to show from which line the
incoming call is coming and used when user must select from
which line to make outgoing call.
The extension must be associated to a handset. By default a new
handset can be configured, alternatively the user can select an
already existing handset Idx.
Handset phone number or SIP username depending on the setup.
Possible value(s): 8-bit string length
Example: 1024, etc.
Note: The Extension must also be configured in SIP server in order
for this feature to function.
Username: SIP authentication username
Permitted value(s): 8-bit string length
Password: SIP authentication password.
Permitted value(s): 8-bit string length
Human readable name used for the given extension
Permitted value(s): 8-bit string length
Name of centralised system used to store phone voice messages
that can be retrieved by recipient at a later time.
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Screenshot
28
Empty
Server
Server 1 IP
Call waiting
feature:
Enabled
Broadsoft
Feature Event
Package
Disabled
Forwarding
Unconditional
Number
Empty
Forwarding No
Answer Number
Forwarding On
Busy Number
Disabled
Empty
Disabled
90
Empty
Valid Input(s): 8-bit string Latin characters for the Name
Dialled mail box number by long key press on key 1.
Valid Input(s): 0 – 9, *, #
Note: Mailbox Number parameter is available only when it’s
enabled from SIP server.
DNS or IP address of SIP server.
Drop down menu to select between the defined Servers of SME
VoIP Service provider.
Used to enable/disable Call Waiting feature. When disabled a
second incoming call will be rejected. If enabled a second call will
be presented as call waiting.
If enabled the given SIP extension subscribes for the Broadsoft
Application Server Feature Event Package, and it becomes ready
for reception of SIP NOTIFY with status on the following Broadsoft
Server Services:
-Do Not Disturb
-Call Forwarding (Always, Busy, No answer)
The received status will be displayed in the handset idle display.
Number to which incoming calls must be re-routed to irrespective
of the current state of the handset.
Forwarding Unconditional must be enabled to function.
Note: Feature must be enabled in the SIP server before it can
function in the network
Number to which incoming calls must be re-routed to when there
is no response from the SIP end node.
Forwarding No Answer Number must be enabled to function.
Note: Feature must be enabled in the SIP server before it can
function in the network
Specify delay from call to forward in seconds.
Number to which incoming calls must be re-routed to when SIP
node is busy.
Forwarding On Busy Number must be enabled to function.
Note: Feature must be enabled in the SIP server before it can
function in the network
The location selection feature, which is available in the add extension screen in non multiline mode, is
moved to edit handset from the handset and extension list.
Screenshot
Then maximum extensions supported per handset are 4. There are no restrictions for adding more, but only
the first four will attempt to SIP register.
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Mailbox
Number
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5.3.2.1 Handset and extensions list
Added handset and extensions will be shown in the server extension lists. There will be one list per
available server. The extension list is also the access to the handset location control and the edit extension
feature.
Parameter
Idx
IPEI
Handset State
FW info
FWU Progress
VoIP Idx
Extension
Display Name
State
Description
Index of handsets
Handset IPEI. IPEI is unique DECT identification number.
The state of the given handset:
[email protected]: The handset is DECT located at the base with RPNxx
Detached: The handset is detached from the system (e.g. powered off)
Located: The handset is configured to locate on a specific base, but is has not been
possible to do so (e.g if the base is powered off)
Removed: The handset has been out of sight for a specified amount of time (~one
hour).
Firmware version of handset
Possible FWU progress states:
Off: Means sw version is specified to 0 = fwu is off
Initializing: Means FWU is starting and progress is 0%.
X% : FWU ongoing
Verifying X%: FWU writing is done and now verifying before swap
”Waiting for charger” (HS) / ”Conn. term. wait” (Repeater): All FWU is complete and
is now waiting for handset/repeater restart.
Complete HS/repeater: FWU complete
Error: Not able to fwu e.g. file not found, file not valid etc
Index of the configured SIP extensions. Select/deselect to start SIP registration or
delete extension.
Given extension is displayed
Given display name is displayed. If no name given this field will be empty
SIP registration state – if empty the handset is not SIP registered.
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5.3.2.2 Edit Extension (with multiline feature)
To edit extension use the mouse to click the link of the extension. Basically the same options are available
for edit extension as for add extension.
Screenshot
5.3.2.3 Edit handset (with multiline feature)
Use the mouse to click the handset IPEI link to open the handset edit window. In the handset edit view the
handset SIP location can be fixed to either any or a specific base.
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Parameter
Location
Default Value(s)
ANY
IPEI
Handset IPEI
AC
Handset AC code
Description
Specify a handset to be located at a specific base station or ANY
base station. A location of a handset controls the DECT registration
and the SIP registrations. Binding a handset to a specific base will
bind the SIP registrations to this base.
Shows the handset IPEI. For an already registered handset
changing the IPEI will deregister the handset at next handset
location update.
Shows the handset AC code. AC code is used at handset
registration. Changing the AC code for an already registered
handset will have no effect.
5.3.2.4 Handset and extension list sub-menu (with multiline feature)
The handset extension list menu is used to control paring or deletion of handset to the system (DECT
registration/de-registrations) and to control SIP registration/de-registrations to the system.
Screenshot
After creation of extensions check the handset Idx and click “Register Handset(s)” to DECT register the
handset to the base. First SIP registration is made by the system automatically by the handset DECT
registration procedure. For new extensions click “Start SIP Registration(s)” to SIP register the extensions to
the defined server.
Use the same procedure for other handsets, where the reference is the idx. no. when adding new
extensions to existing handsets.
5.3.3 Broadsoft Feature Event Package
If enabled the given SIP extension subscribes for the Broadsoft Application Server Feature Event Package,
and it becomes ready for reception of SIP NOTIFY with status on the following Broadsoft Server Services:
-Do Not Disturb
-Call Forwarding (Always, Busy, No answer)
The received status will be displayed in the handset idle display.
After pressing save the extension screen will appear with removed configuration option for the forward
feature as shown in the below picture.
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Screenshot
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Note: Call forwarding can as well be configured from the handset by the user (for operation refer to the
handset guide).
Screenshot
5.4 Servers
In this section, we describe the different parameters available in the Servers configurations menu.
Maximum 10 servers can be configured.
Parameter
NAT Adaption
Default
value
Disabled
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Description
To ensure all SIP messages goes directly to the NAT gateway in the SIP
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Screenshot
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Empty
Outbound
Proxy
Empty
Reregistration
time
600
SIP Session
Timers:
Disabled
Session Timer
Values (s):
1800
SIP Transport
Signal TCP
Source Port
UDP
Disabled
Secure RTP
Disabled
Secure RTP
Auth
Disabled
RTP from
own base
station:
Keep Alive
Disabled
Show
Extension on
Handset Idle
Screen
Hold
Behaviour
Enabled
Enabled
RFC 3264
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aware router.
SIP Server proxy DNS or IP address
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD:<Port-Number> or <URL>:<PortNumber>
Note: Specifying the Port Number is optional.
This is a Session Border Controller DNS or IP address (OR SIP server
outbound proxy address)
Set the Outbound proxy to the address and port of private NAT gateway so
that SIP messages sent via the NAT gateway.
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL> or <URL>:<PortNumber>
Examples: “192.168.0.1”, “192.168.0.1:5062”,
“nat.company.com” and “sip:[email protected]:5065”.
The “expires” value signaled in SIP REGISTER requests. This value indicates
how long the current SIP registration is valid, and hence is specifies the
maximum time between SIP registrations for the given SIP account.
Permitted value(s): A value below 60 sec is not recommended, Maximum
value 65636
RFC 4028. A “keep-alive” mechanism for calls. The session timer value
specifies the maximum time between “keep-alive” or more correctly
session refresh signals. If no session refresh is received when the timer
expires the call will be terminated. Default value is 1800 s according to the
RFC. Min: 90 s. Max: 65636.
If disabled session timers will not be used.
Default value is 1800s according to the RFC.
If disabled session timers will not be used.
Permitted value(s): Minimum value 90, Maximum 65636
Select UDP, TCP, TLS 1.0
When SIP Transport is set to TCP or TLS, a TCP (or TLS) connection will be
established for each SIP extension. The source port of the connection will
be chosen by the TCP stack, and hence the local SIP port parameter,
specified within the SIP/RTP Settings (see 5.5.5) will not be used. The
“Signal TCP Source Port” parameter specifies if the used source port shall
be signaled explicitly in the SIP messages.
With enable RTP will be encrypted (AES-128) using the key negotiated via
the SDP protocol at call setup.
With enable secure RTP is using authentication of the RTP packages.
Note: with enabled SRTP authentication maximum 4 concurrent calls is
possible per base in a single or multicell system.
If disabled RTP stream will be send from the base, where the handset is
located. By enable the RTP stream will always be send from the base,
where the SIP registration is made.
This directive defines the window period (30 sec.) to keep opening the
port of relevant NAT-aware router(s), etc.
If enabled extension will be shown on handset idle screen.
Specify the hold behaviour by handset hold feature.
RFC 3264: Hold is signaled according to RFC 3264, i.e. the connection
information part of the SDP contains the IP Address of the endpoint, and
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Registrar
34
DTMF
Signalling
RFC 2833
Codec Priority
G.711U
G.711A
G.726
RTP Packet
size
20ms
the direction attribute is sendonly, recvonly or inactive dependant of the
context
RFC 2543: The ”old” way of signaling HOLD. The connection information
part of the SDP is set to 0.0.0.0, and the direction attribute is sendonly,
recvonly or inactive dependant of the context
Conversion of decimal digits (and '*' and '#') into sounds that share similar
characteristics with voice to easily traverse networks designed for voice
SIP INFO: Carries application level data along SIP signalling path (e.g.:
Carries DTMF digits generated during SIP session OR sending of DTMF
tones via data packets in the same internet layer as the Voice Stream,
etc.).
RFC 2833: DTMF handling for gateways, end systems and RTP trunks (e.g.:
Sending DTMF tones via data packets in different internet layer as the
voice stream)
Both: Enables SIP INFO and RFC 2833 modes.
Defines the codec priority that base stations uses for audio compression
and transmission.
Possible Option(s): G.711U,G.711A, G.726, G.729, G.722.
Note: Modifications of the codec list must be followed by a “reset codes”
and “Reboot chain” on the multipage in order to change and update
handsets.
Note:
With G.722 as first priority the number of simultaneous calls per base
station will be reduced from 10 (8) to 4 calls.
With G.722 in the list the codec negotiation algorithm is active causing the
handset (phone) setup time to be slightly slower than if G.722 is removed
from the list.
With G.729 add on DSP module for the base is required. Contact RTX sales
for purchase number 96101203.
The packet size offered as preferred RTP packet size by 8630 when RTP
packet size negotiation.
Selections available: 20ms, 40ms, 60ms, 80ms
5.5 Network
In this section, we describe the different parameters available in the network configurations menu.
Screenshot
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
5.5.1 IP Settings
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Parameter
DHCP/Static IP
Default
Values
DHCP
IP Address
NA
Subnet Mask
NA
Default Gateway
NA
DNS (Primary)
NA
DNS (Secondary)
NA
Description
If DHCP is enabled, the device automatically obtains TCP/IP
parameters.
Possible value(s): Static, DHCP
DHCP: IP addresses are allocated automatically from a pool of leased
address.
Static IP: IP addresses are manually assigned by the network
administrator.
If the user chooses DHCP option, the other IP settings or options are
not available.
32-bit IP address of device (e.g. base station). 64-bit IP address will be
supported in the future.
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD
Is device subnet mask.
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD
This is a 32-bit combination used to describe which portion an IP
address refers to the subnet and which part refers to the host.
A network mask helps users know which portion of the address
identifies the network and which portion of the address identifies the
node.
Device’s default network router/gateway (32-bit).
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD e.g. 192.168.50.0
IP address of network router that acts as entrance to other network.
This device provides a default route for TCP/IP hosts to use when
communicating with other hosts on hosts networks.
Main server to which a device directs Domain Name System (DNS)
queries.
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL>
This is the IP address of server that contains mappings of DNS domain
names to various data, e.g. IP address, etc.
The user needs to specify this option when static IP address option is
chosen.
This is an alternate DNS server.
Enable users to define devices (e.g. Base station, etc.) with different physical connection to communicate as
if they are connected on a single network segment.
The VLAN settings can be used on a managed network with separate Virtual LANs (VLANs) for sending voice
and data traffic. To work on these networks, the base stations can tag voice traffic it generates on a specific
“voice VLAN” using the IEEE 802.1q specification.
Screenshot
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5.5.2 VLAN Settings
36
Parameter
VLAN id
Default Values
0
VLAN User
Priority
0
Description
Is a 12 bit identification of the 802.1Q VLAN.
Permitted value(s): 0 to 4094 (only decimal values are accepted)
A VLAN ID of 0 is used to identify priority frames and ID of 4095 (i.e.
FFF) is reserved.
Null means no VLAN tagging or No VLAN discovery through DHCP.
This is a 3 bit value that defines the user priority.
Values are from 0 (best effort) to 7 (highest); 1 represents the lowest
priority. These values can be used to prioritize different classes of
traffic (voice, video, data, etc).
Permitted value(s): 8 priority levels (i.e. 0 to 7)
For further help on VLAN configuration refer to Appendix.
5.5.3 DHCP Options
Screenshot
Parameter
Plug-n-Play
Default Values
Disabled
Description
Enabled: DHCP option 43 to automatically provide PBX IP address to
base.
5.5.4 NAT Settings
We define some options available when NAT aware routers are enabled in the network.
Parameter
Enable STUN
STUN Server
Default Values
Disabled
NA
STUN Bindtime
Determine
Enabled
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Description
Enable to use STUN
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD (Currently only IPv4 are
supported) or url (e.g.: firmware.rtx.net).
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Screenshot
37
STUN Bindtime
Guard
Enable RPORT
80
Permitted values: Positive integer default is 90, unit is in seconds
Disabled
Enable to use RPORT in SIP messages.
Keep alive time
90
This defines the frequency of how keep-alive are sent to maintain
NAT bindings.
Permitted values: Positive integer default is 90, unit is in seconds
5.5.5 SIP/RTP Settings
These are some definitions of SIP/RTP settings:
Parameter
Use Different
SIP Ports
Default Values
Disabled
Local SIP
port
SIP ToS/QoS
5060
RTP port
50004
RTP port
range
RTP
TOS/QoS
40
0x104
0xB8
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Description
If disabled, the Local SIP port parameter specifies the source port
used for SIP signalling in the system.
If enabled, the Local SIP Port parameter specifies the source port
used for first user agent (UA) instance. Succeeding UA's will get
succeeding ports.
The source port used for SIP signalling
Permitted values: Port number default 5060.
Priority of call control signalling traffic based on both IP Layers of
Type of Service (ToS) byte. ToS is referred to as Quality of Service
(QoS) in packet based networks.
Permitted values: Positive integer default is 104
The first RTP port to use for RTP audio streaming.
Permitted values: Port number default 50004 (depending on the
setup).
The number of ports that can be used for RTP audio streaming.
Permitted values: Positive integers, default is 40
Priority of RTP traffic based on the IP layer ToS (Type of Service) byte.
ToS is referred to as Quality of Service (QoS) in packet based
networks.
See RFC 1349 for details. “cost bit" is not supported.
o Bit 7..5 defines precedence.
o Bit 4..2 defines Type of Service.
o Bit 1..0 are ignored.
Setting all three of bit 4..2 will be ignored.
Permitted values: Positive integer default is 160
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
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38
5.6 Management Settings Definitions
The administrator can configure base stations to perform some specific functions such as configuration of
file transfers, firmware up/downgrades, password management, and SIP/debug logs.
Parameter
Base Station
Name:
Management
Transfer
Protocol
HTTP
Management
upload script
Default value
SME VoIP
HTTP
Management
password
Empty
TFTP
Empty
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It indicates the title that appears at the top window of the browser
and is used in the multicell page.
The protocol assigned for configuration file and phonebook
Valid Input(s): TFTP, HTTP, HTTPs
The folder location or directory path that contains the configuration
files of the Configuration server. The configuration upload script is a
file located in e.g. TFTP server or Apache Server which is also the
configuration server.
Permitted value(s): /<configuration-file-directory>
Example: /CfgUpload
Note: Must begin with (/) slash character. Either / or \ can be used.
Password that should be entered in order to have access to the
configuration server.
Permitted value(s): 8-bit string length
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
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39
Configuration
server
address
Base Specific
File
Multi Cell
Specific File
Empty
Configuration
File Download
Disabled
SIP Log Server
Address
Upload of SIP
Log
Empty
Syslog Server
IP-Address
Syslog Server
Port
Syslog Level
NA
The file name must be the chain id of the system.
E.g 00087b0a00b3.cfg
Permitted value(s): Format of file is chain ID.cfg
Base Specific file: Used when configuring a single cell base
Multicell Specific File: Used when configuring a multicell based
system
Base and Multicell Specific File: Used on out of factory bases to
specify VLAN and Multicell ID and settings.
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL>
Requires a predefined folder named: \SIP
Enable this option to save low level SIP debug messages to the
server. The SIP logs are saved in the file format:
<MAC_Address><Time_Stamp>SIP.log
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL>
NA
Port number of syslog server.
Off
Select
Language
English
Enable
Automatic
Prefix
Disabled
Set Maximum
Digits of
Internal
Numbers
0
Off: No data is saved on syslog server
Normal Operation: Normal operation events are logged, incoming
call, outgoing calls, handset registration, DECT location, and call lost
due to busy, critical system errors, general system information.
System Analyze: Handset roaming, handset firmware updates status.
The system analyze level also contains the messages from normal
operation.
Debug: Used by RTX for debug. Should not be enabled during normal
operation.
Web interface language. Number of available languages: English,
Dansk, Italiano, Tyrkie, Deutsch, Portuguese, Hrvatski, Srpski,
Slovenian, Nederlands, Francaise, Espanol, Russian, Polski.
Disabled: Feature off.
Enabled: The base will add the leading digit defined in “Set Prefix for
Outgoing Calls”.
Enabled + fall through on * and #: Will enable detection of * or # at
the first digit of a dialled number. In case of detection the base will
not complete the dialled number with a leading 0.
Examples:
1: dialed number on handset * 1234 - > dialed number to the pabx
*1234
2: dialed number on handset #1234 - > dialed number to the pabx
#1234
3: dialed number on handset 1234 - > dialed number to the pabx
01234
Used to detect internal numbers. In case of internal numbers no
prefix number will be added to the dialled number.
Empty
Disabled
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Empty
Server/device that provides configuration file to base station.
Type: DNS or IP address
Permitted value(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL>
Base configuration file
40
Set Prefix for
Outgoing Calls
Empty
Prefix number for the enabled automatic prefix feature.
Permitted value(s): 1 to 9999
There are three ways of configuring the system.
1. Manual configuration by use of the Web server in the base station(s)
2. By use of configuration files that are uploaded from a disk via the “Configuration” page on the Web
server.
3. By use of configuration files which the base station(s) download(s) from a configuration server.
For further details refer to doc reference [3].
5.7 Firmware Update Definitions
In this page, the system administrator can configure how base stations and SIP nodes upgrade/downgrade
to the relevant firmware. Handset firmware update status can be found in the extensions page and
repeater firmware update status in the repeater page. Base firmware update status is found in the multicell
page.
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Parameter
Firmware update
server address
Default Value(s)
Empty
Firmware path
Empty
Required Version
Type
Empty
Required Version
base
Empty
Description
IP address or DNS of firmware update files source
Valid Inputs: AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL>
Example: firmware.rtx.net or 10.10.104.41
Location of firmware on server (or firmware update server path
where firmware update files are located).
Example: /East_Fwu
Note: Must begin with (/) slash character
Version of firmware to be upgraded (or downgraded) on
handset type or repeater.
Valid Input(s): 8-bit string length. E.g. 280
Note: Value version 0 will disable firmware upgrade for
handsets and/or repeater
Note: Two handset types must be serial firmware upgraded.
First type 8630 then type 8430.
Version of firmware to be upgraded (or downgraded) on Base
station. Base units are referred to as gateways over here.
Valid Input(s): 8-bit string length. E.g. 280
5.8 Time Server
In this section, we describe the different parameters available in the Time Server menu.
The Time server supplies the time used for data synchronisation in a multi-cell configuration. As such it is
mandatory for a multi-cell configuration.
As well the time server is used in the debug logs and for SIP traces information pages, and used to
determine when to check for new configuration and firmware files.
NOTE:
It is not necessary to set the time server for standalone base stations (optional).
Press the “Time PC” button to grab the current PC time and use in the time server fields.
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
NOTE:
When time server parameters are modified/changed synchronisation between base stations can take up to
15 minutes before all base stations are synchronised, depending on the number of base stations in the
system.
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Parameter
Time Server
Default Values
Empty
Allow broadcast
NTP
Refresh time (h)
Checked
Time Zone
0
Daylight Saving
Time (DST)
Disabled
DST Fixed By Day
Use Month and
Empty
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Description
DNS name or IP address of NTP server.
Enter the IP/DNS address of the server that distributes
reference clock information to its clients including Base
stations, Handsets, etc.
Valid Input(s): AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or URL (e.g. time.server.com)
Currently only IPv4 address (32-bit) nomenclature is supported.
The window time in seconds within which time server
refreshes.
Valid Inputs: positive integer
Refers to local time in GMT or UTC format.
Min: -12:00
Max: +13:00
The system administrator can Enable or Disable DST manually.
Automatic: Enter the start and stop dates if you select
Automatic.
You determine when DST actually changes. Choose the
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Screenshot
43
Date
DST Start Month
March
DST Start Date
25
DST Start Time
3
DST Start Day of
Week
DST Start Day of
Week, Last in Month
DST Stop Month
DST Stop Date
Monday
relevant date or day of the week, etc. from the drop down
menu.
Month that DST begins
Valid Input(s): Gregorian months (e.g. January, February, etc.)
Numerical day of month DST comes to effect when DST is fixed
to a specific date
Valid Inputs: positive integer
DST start time in the day
Valid Inputs: positive integer
Day within the week DST begins
Last in Month
Specify the week that DST will actually start.
October
1
DST Stop Time
2
DST Stop Day of
Week
DST Stop Day of
Week Last in Month
Sunday
The month that DST actually stops.
The numerical day of month that DST turns off.
Valid Inputs: positive integer (1 to 12)
The time of day DST stops
Valid Inputs: positive integer (1 to 12)
The day of week DST stops
First in Month
The week within the month that DST will turn off.
5.9 Country
The country setting controls the in-band tones used by the system. To select web interface language go to
the management page.
Parameter
Select Country
Default Values
Germany
State / Region
Set timezone by
NA
checked
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Supported countries: Australia, Belgium, Brasil, Denmark,
Germany, Spain, France, Ireland, Italia, Luxembourg,
Nederland, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Swiss, Finland,
Sweden, Tyrkey, United Kingdom, US/Canade, Austria
Only shown by country selection US/Canada, Autralia, Brasil
When checked timezone will follow country/region
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Screenshot
44
country/region
Set DST by
country/region
Notes
checked
When checked DST will follow country/region
Empty
Only showing notes to time setting for countries: US/Canada,
Brasil
The following types of in-band tones are supported:
- Dial tone
- Busy tone
- Ring Back tone
- Call Waiting tone
- Re-order tone
5.10 Security
The security section is used for loading of trusted certificates and for selecting if only trusted certificates
are used. Furthermore, web password and use of secure web server (via HTTPS) can be configured.
The Security web is divided into three sections: Certificates importing and activation, Password admin and
Secure web server handling.
To setup secure fwu and configuration file download select HTTPs for the Management Transfer Protocol
(reference 5.6)
SIP and RTP security is server dependent and in order to configure user must use the web option Servers
(reference 5.4).
5.10.1
Certificates
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
The certificates list contains the list of loaded certificates for the system. Using the left column check mark
it is possible to check and delete certificates. To import a new certificate use the mouse “select file” and
browse to the selected file. When file is selected, use the “Load” bottom to load the certificate.
The certificate format supported is DER encoded binary X.509 (.cer).
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Screenshot
Parameter
Idx
Issued To
Issued To
Valid Until
Default Values
Fixed indexes
Empty
Empty
Empty
Description
Index number
IP address – which is part of the certificate file
Organisation, Company – which is part of the certificate file
Date Time Year – which is part of the certificate file
Screenshot
By enabling only trusted certificates it is only possible to establish calls using the trusted certificates.
5.10.2
Password and Secure web
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
In the below the password and secure web server parameters are defined.
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Screenshot
Default Values
Admin
Admin
Disabled
Description
Can be modified to any supported character and number
Can be modified to any supported character and number
When enabled the web interface will work as a secure web
server.
NOTE: Web interface refresh rate speed will be noticeable
slower than normal usage. It is recommended to use Windows
Internet explorer, as this browser cash more data compared to
other browsers making this browser the fastest browser to use
with 8630.
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Parameter
Username
Password
HTTPS
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5.11 Central Directory and LDAP
The SME VOIP system support two types of central directories, a local central directory or LDAP directory.
5.11.1
Local Central Directory
Select local and save for local central directory.
Screenshot
Default Values
Local
Server
Empty
Filename
Empty
5.11.1.1
Description
Drop down menu to select between local central directory and
LDAP based central directory
The parameter is used if directory file is located on server.
Valid Inputs: AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL>
Refer to appendix for further details.
The parameter is used if directory file is located on server.
Refer to appendix for further details
Import Central Directory
The import central directory feature is using a browse file approach. After file selection press the load
button to load the file. The system support only the original *.csv format. Please note that some excel csv
formats are not the original csv format. For further details of the central directory feature refer to
appendix.
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Parameter
Local
48
5.11.2
LDAP
Select LDAP Server and save for LDAP server configuration.
Screenshot
Parameter
LDAP Server
Default Values
LDAP Server
Server
Empty
Port
Empty
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Description
Drop down menu to select between local central directory and
LDAP based central directory. LDAP Server is displayed when
LDAP server is selected.
IP address of the LDAP server.
Valid Inputs: AAA.BBB.CCC.DDD or <URL>
The server port number that is open for LDAP connections.
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Sbase
Empty
LDAP filter
Empty
Bind
Empty
Password
Name
Empty
Empty
Work Number
Empty
Home Number
Empty
Mobile Number
Empty
Search Base. The criteria depends on the configuration of the
LDAP server. Example of the setting is CN=Users, DC=umber,
DC=loc
LDAP Filter is used to as a search filter, e.g. setting LDAP filter
to (|(givenName=%*)(sn=%*)) the IP-DECT will use this filter
when requesting entries from the LDAP server. % will be
replaced with the entered prefix e.g searching on J will give the
filter (|(givenName=J*)(sn=J*)) resulting in a search for given
name starting with a J or surname starting with J.
Bind is the username that will be used when the IP-DECT phone
connects to the server
Password is the password for the LDAP Server
The name can be used to specify if sn+givenName or cn
(common name) is return in the LDAP search results
Work number is used to specify that LDAP attribute that will be
mapped to the handset work number
Home number is used to specify that LDAP attribute that will be
mapped to the handset home number
Mobile number is used to specify that LDAP attribute that will
be mapped to the handset mobile number
5.12 Multi-cell Parameter Definitions
In this section, we describe the different parameters available in the Multi-cell configurations menu.
5.12.1 Settings for Base Unit
Description of Settings for Specific Base units is as follows:
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Parameter
Multi cell
system
Default values
Disabled
System chain ID
Empty
Synchronization
time (s)
Data Sync:
Multicast
Primary Data
Sync IP
Empty
Multi cell
debug
None
Description
Enable this option to allow the Base unit to be set in multi-cell mode
(can be set either as master or slave in the multi-cell chain system –
refer to MAC-units in Chain section for details).
Valid Inputs: Enable, Disable
Must “save and reboot” after change from disabled to enable.
This is an identifier (in string format e.g. 2275) that is unique for a
specific multi-cell system.
Note: There can be several multi-cell systems in SME network. Up to 7
levels of base stations chains are permitted in a typical setup. Please
refer to accompanied document [2] for further details and description.
Valid Input: 16 bit String length
This specifies the period in seconds when elements/nodes (e.g. Base
units) in a specific Multi-cell should synchronise to each other.
To select between multicast or Peer to Peer data synchronisation
mode.
IP of base station data sync source – the base handling the data
synchronisation.
Using multicast this base IP is selected automatically.
NOTE: Using Peer to Peer mode the IP of the base used for data sync.
source MUST be defined.
NOTE: Using Peer to Peer mode limits the system automatic recovery
feature – as there is no automatic recovery of the data sync. source in
Peer to Peer mode.
Enable this feature, if you want the system to catalogue low level multicell debug information or traces.
Options:
Data Sync: Writes header information for all packets received and sent
to be used to debug any special issues. Generates LOTS of SysLog
signaling and is only recommended to enable shortly when debugging.
Auto Tree: Writes states and data related to the Auto Tree
Configuration feature.
Both: Both Data Sync and Auto Tree are enabled.
NOTE: Must only be used for debug purpose and not enabled on a
normal running system
Description of DECT Settings for Specific Base units is as follows:
Screenshot
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5.12.2 DECT System Settings
51
Parameter
DECT system
RFPI
Default values
Not able
Allow multi
primary:
Disabled
Auto create
multi
primary:
Disabled
Auto
configure
DECT sync
source tree
Enabled
Description
This is a radio network identity accessed by all Base units in a specific
multi-cell system. It composed of 5 octets. It is actually 5 different
variables combined together.
RFPI Format: XX XX XX XX XX (where XX are HEX values)
This feature is used for multi-location setups. Allows two or more
primary in the same system.
The two cells will be unsynchronized and handover will not be possible.
By enabled the system can generate cells in case a base goes into faulty
mode. Two cells will only be generated in case no radio connection
between the two cells is present. In order to recover the full system after
establish of the faulty base, the system must be rebooted.
Allow multi primary must be enabled for this feature to also be enabled.
Enable this to allow the system to automatically synchronise the multicell chain/tree.
NOTE: Must be enabled in order to allow a new primary recover in case
the original primary goes into faulty mode.
Allow multi primary must be enabled for this feature to also be enabled.
5.12.3 Base System Settings
Description of SIP Settings for Specific Base units is as follows:
Parameter
Number of SIP
accounts
before
distributed
load
Default Values
8
SIP Server
support for
multiple
registrations
per account
Disabled
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The maximum number of handsets or SIP end nodes that are permitted
to perform location registration on a specific Base unit before load is
distributed to other base units.
Note: A maximum of 8 simultaneous calls can be routed through each
Base unit in a multi-cell setup.
Permitted Input: Positive Integers (e.g. 6)
Enable this option so it is possible to use same extension (i.e. SIP
Account) on multiple phones (SIP end nodes). These phones will ring
simultaneously for all incoming calls. When a phone (from a SIP
account group) initiates a handover from Base X to Base Y, this phone
will de-register from Base X, and register to Base Y after a call.
Note: Choose Yes when the SIP server supports this feature otherwise
choose No for the Sip server does not support this feature.
Permitted Input: Yes, No
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5.12.4 Base Station Group
The Base station group list various parameter settings for base stations including chain level information.
Parameters
ID
RPN
Version
MAC Address
IP Status
DECT Sync
source
Description
Base unit identity in the chained network.
Permitted Output: Positive Integers
The Radio Fixed Part Number is an 8-bit DECT cell identity allocated by the
installer. The allocated RPN within the SME must be geographically unique.
Permitted Output: 0 to 255 (DEC) OR 0x00 to 0xFF (HEX)
Base station current firmware version.
Permitted Output: positive Integers with dot (e.g. 273.1)
Contains the hardware Ethernet MAC address of the base station. It varies from
Base station to Base stations.
Current Base station behaviour in the SME network.
Possible Outputs
Connected: The relevant Base station(s) is online in the network
Connection Loss: Base station unexpectedly lost connection to network
This Unit: Current Base station whose http Web Interface is currently being
accessed
With setting “Auto configure DECT sync source tree” set to Enable, this three will
automatically be generated. If manual configured the administrator should
choose the relevant “multi cell chain” level its wants a specific Base unit be
placed. Maximum number of “multi-cell chain” levels is 12.
Format of the selection: “AAAAAxx: RPNyy (-zz dBm)”
AAAAA: indication of sync. source for the base. Can be “Primary” or “Level xx”
xx: Sync. source base sync. level
yy: Sync. source base RPN
zz: RSSI level of sync. source base seen from the actual base
Dect Property
“(Any) RPN”: When a base is not synchronized to other base. State after reboot of
chain.
Base station characteristics in connection to the current multi cell network.
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Screenshot:
53
Base Station
Name
Possible Output(s)
Master: Main Base station unto which all other nodes in the chain synchronises
to.
Locked: The Base unit is currently synchronized and locked to the master Base
unit.
Searching: Base unit in the process of locating to a Master/slave as specified in
Dect sync source
Free Running: A locked Base unit that suddenly lost synchronisation to the
Master.
Unknown: No current connection information from specific Base unit
Name from management settings.
5.12.5 DECT Chain
Below the Base Group Table is the DECT Chain tree. The DECT Chain tree is a graphical presentation of the
Base Group table levels and connections. Repeaters are shown with green highlight.
Screenshot: DECT Chain tree of above configuration
Screenshot: Example of part of DECT Chain tree with units in Base Group but not in tree by various
reasons.
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Screenshot: Example of part of DECT Chain tree with repeaters
54
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
When a base or repeater has not joined the tree it will be shown with read background below the tree.
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5.13 Repeaters
Within this section we describe the repeater parameter, and how to operate the repeater.
5.13.1
Add repeater
From repeaters web select “Add Repeater”
Screenshot
Then select “DECT Sync mode”
Screenshot
Description
Manually: User controlled by manually assign “Repeater RPN” and “DECT sync
source RPN”
Local Automatical: Repeater controlled by auto detects best base signal and auto
assign RPN.
Chaining Automatical: Base controlled by auto detects best base or repeater
signal and auto assign RPN. This feature will be supported in a future version
Chapter: SME VoIP Administration Interface
Parameters
DECT sync mode
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5.13.1.1
Manually
Parameters
RPN
Description
SINGLE CELL SYSTEM:
The base has always RPN00, first repeater will then be RPN01, second repeater
RPN02 and third RPN03 (3 repeaters maximum per base)
DECT sync source
5.13.1.2
MULTI CELL SYSTEM:
Bases are increment by 2^2 in hex, means first base RPN00 second base RPN04
etc., in between RPN01, 02, 03 addressed for repeaters at Primary base and 05,
06, 07 addressed for Secondary base (3 repeaters maximum per base)
Select the base or repeater the repeater has to be synchronized to.
Local Automatical
5.13.2
Register Repeater
Adding a repeater makes it possible to register the repeater. Registration is made by select the repeater
and pressing register repeater. The base window for repeater registration is 5 minutes.
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Repeater controlled by auto detects best base signal and auto assign RPN.
Repeater on base only, repeater on repeater (chain) not supported.
Repeater RPN dynamic assigned in base RPN range.
57
5.13.3
Repeaters list
Parameters
IDx
RPN
IPEI
DECT sync
Source
DECT sync Mode
State
FW info
FWU Progress
Description
Repeater unit identity in the chained network.
Permitted Output: Positive Integers
The Radio Fixed Part Number is an 8-bit DECT cell identity allocated by the
installer. The allocated RPN within the SME must be geographically unique.
Permitted Output: 0 to 255 (DEC) OR 0x00 to 0xFF (HEX)
Contains the unique DECT serial number of the repeater.
The “multi cell chain” connection to the specific Base/repeater unit. Maximum
number of chain levels is 12.
Sync. source format: “RPNyy (-zz dBm)”
yy: RPN of source
zz: RSSI level seen from the actual repeater
Manually: User controlled by manually assign “Repeater RPN” and “DECT sync
source RPN”
Local Automatical: Repeater controlled by auto detects best base signal and auto
assign RPN.
Chaining Automatical: Base controlled by auto detects best base or repeater
signal and auto assign RPN. This feature will be supported in a future version
[email protected] means connected to unit with RPN yy
Firmware version
Possible FWU progress states:
Off: Means sw version is specified to 0 = fwu is off
Initializing: Means FWU is starting and progress is 0%.
X% : FWU ongoing
Verifying X%: FWU writing is done and now verifying before swap
”Conn. term. wait” (Repeater): All FWU is complete and is now waiting for
connections to stop before repeater restart.
Complete HS/repeater: FWU complete
Error: Not able to fwu e.g. file not found, file not valid etc
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5.14 Statistics
The statistic feature is divided into three administrative web pages, which can be access from any base.
1. Call data
2. System data
3. DECT data
All three views have an embedded export function, which export data to comma separated file.
By pressing the clear button all data in the full system is cleared
5.14.1
Call data
The call data web is access by http://ip/CallStatistics.html and data are organised in a table as shown in
below example.
Screenshot
The table is organised with headline row, data pr. base rows and with last row containing the sum of all
base parameters.
No response
Duration
Active
Max Active
Codecs
HO Success
HO Failed
Description
Base IP address and base station name from management settings
Total operation time for the base
Counts number of calls a base.
Dropped calls are the number of active calls that was dropped.
E.g. if a user has an active call and walks out of range, the calls will be counted as
a dropped call. An entry is stored in the syslog when a call is dropped.
No response calls is the number of calls that have no response, e.g. if a external
user tries to make a call to a handset that is out of range the call is counted as no
response. An entry is stored in the syslog when a call is no response.
Call duration is total time that calls are active on the base.
Active call shows how many active calls that are active on the base (Not active
DECT calls, but active calls). On one base there can be up to 30 active calls.
Maximum active calls are the maximum number of calls that has been active at
the same time.
Logging and count of used codec types on each call.
Counts the number of successful handovers.
Counts the number of failed handovers.
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Parameters
Base Station
Name
Operation time
Count
Dropped
59
5.14.2
System data
The system data web is access by http://ip/SystemStatistics.html and data is organised in a table as shown
in below example.
Screenshot
The table is organised with headline row, data pr. base rows and with last row containing the sum of all
base parameters.
SIP REG Failed
HS Removed
Searching
Free Running
DECT Source
Changed
5.14.3
Description
Base IP address and base station name from management settings
Total operation time for the base
Busy Count is the number of times the base has been busy.
Busy duration is the total time a base has been busy for speech (8 or more calls
active).
Failed SIP registrations count the number of times a SIP registration has failed
Handset removed count is the number of times a handset has been marked as
removed
Base searching is the number of times a base has been searching for it’s sync
source
Base free running is the number of times a base has been free running
Number of time a base has changed sync source
DECT data
The DECT data web is access by http://ip/DectStatistics.html and data is organised in a table as shown in
below example.
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Parameters
Base Station
Name
Operation time
Busy Count
Busy Duration
60
Screenshot
Please note 3 frequencies are manually removed in the example system.
5.15 Settings – Configuration File Setup
This page provides non editable information showing the native format of entire SME VoIP Configuration
parameter settings. The settings format is exactly what is used in the configuration file. The configuration
file is found in the TFTP server.
The filename for the configuration server is <MAC_Address>.cfg. The configuration file is saved in the
folder /Config in the TFTP sever.
There are three ways to edit the configuration file or make changes to the settings page:
1) Using the SME VoIP Configuration interface to make changes. Each page of the HTTP web interface
is a template for which the user can customise settings in the configuration file.
2) Retrieving the relevant configuration file from the TFTP and modify and enter new changes. This
should be done with an expert network administrator.
3) Navigate to the settings page of the VoIP SME Configuration interface > copy the contents of
settings > save them to any standard text editor e.g. notepad > modify the relevant contents, make
sure you keep the formatting intact > Save the file as <Enter_MAC_Address_of_RFP>.cfg > upload
it into the relevant TFTP server.
An example of contents of settings is as follows:
~RELEASE=UMBER_FP_V0054
%GMT_TIME_ZONE%:16
%COUNTRY_VARIANT_ID%:18
%FWU_POLLING_ENABLE%:0
%FWU_POLLING_MODE%:0
%FWU_POLLING_PERIOD%:86400
%FWU_POLLING_TIME_HH%:3
%FWU_POLLING_TIME_MM%:0
%DST_ENABLE%:2
%DST_FIXED_DAY_ENABLE%:0
%DST_START_MONTH%:3
%DST_START_DATE%:1
....
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For details refer to [3].
61
....
5.16 Sys log
This page shows live feed of system level messages of the current base station. The messages the
administrator see here depends on what is configured at the Management settings. The Debug logs can
show only Boot Log or Everything that is all system logs including boot logs.
The Debug log is saved in the file format <Time_Stamp>b.log in a relevant location in the TFTP server as
specified in the upload script.
A sample of debug logs is as follows:
0101000013 [N](01):DHCP Enabled
0101000013 [N](01):IP Address: 192.168.10.101
0101000013 [N](01):Gateway Address: 192.168.10.254
0101000013 [N](01):Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
0101000013 [N](01):TFTP boot server not set by DHCP. Using Static.
0101000013 [N](01):DHCP Discover completed
0101000013 [N](01):Time Server: 192.168.10.11
0101000013 [N](01):Boot server: 10.10.104.63 path: Config/ Type: TFTP
0101000013 [N](01):RemCfg: Download request of Config/00087b077cd9.cfg from
10.10.104.63 using TFTP
0101000014 [N](01):accept called from task 7
0101000014 [N](01):TrelAccept success [4]. Listening on port 10010
0101000019 [N](01):RemCfg: Download request of Config/00087b077cd9.cfg from
10.10.104.63 using TFTP
0101000019 [W](01):Load of Config/00087b077cd9.cfg from 10.10.104.63 failed
To dump the log simply copy and page the full contents.
5.17 SIP Logs
.....
Sent to udp:192.168.10.10:5080 at 12/11/2010 11:56:42 (791 bytes)
REGISTER sip:192.168.10.10:5080 SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/UDP 192.168.10.101:5063;branch=z9hG4bKrlga4nkuhimpnj4.qx
Max-Forwards: 70
From: <sip:[email protected]:5080>;tag=3o5l314
To: <sip:[email protected]:5080>
Call-ID: p9st.zzrfff66.ah8
CSeq: 6562 REGISTER
Contact: <sip:[email protected]:5063>
Allow: INVITE, CANCEL, BYE, ACK, REGISTER, OPTIONS, REFER, SUBSCRIBE, NOTIFY,
MESSAGE, INFO, PRACK
Expires: 120
User-Agent: Generic-DPV-001-A-XX(Generic_SIPEXT2MLUA_v1)
Content-Type: application/X-Generic_SIPEXT2MLv1
Content-Length: 251
.....
To dump the log simply copy and page the full contents.
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This page shows SIP server related messages that are logged during the operation of the SME system. The
full native format of SIP logs is saved in the TFTP server as <MAC_Address><Time_Stamp>SIP.log
These logs are saved in 2 blocks of 17Kbytes. When a specific SIP log is fully dumped to one block, the next
SIP logs are dumped to the other blocks. An example of SIP logs is shown below:
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6 Multi-cell Setup & Management
This chapter seeks to describe how to install, add and synchronize one or multiple base stations to the
network. There are two main procedures involved:
1) Proper placement of the base stations (which is called network dimensioning). The present chapter
does not address this issue. Refer to Chapter 12 for details.
2) Creating and adding base station profiles to the network via the SME Configuration Tool (to form a
multi-cell system).
This chapter describes the second procedure.
6.1 Adding Base stations
Here are the recommended steps to add Base stations to network:
STEP 1
STEP 2
Connect the Base station to a private network via standard Ethernet cable (CAT-5).
Use one of the two methods to determine the base station IP address.
a. Use the IP find menu in the handset (Menu * 4 7 *) to determine the IP address of the base
station by matching the MAC address on the back of the base station with the MAC address
list in the handset.
b. Use the IPdect feature
STEP 3
Open browser on the computer and type in the IP address of the base. Press “Enter” to
access the base Login to base station.
Once you have authenticated, the browser will display front end of the SME Configuration
Interface. The front end will show relevant information of the base station.
Chapter: Multi-cell Setup & Management
STEP 4
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6.1.1 Time Server Setup
Navigate to the Time settings and configure it. Scroll on the left column and click on Time url
link to Open the Time Settings Page. Use the PC time feature or enter the relevant
parameters on this page and press the Save and Reboot button.
Make sure there is contact to the “Time server” otherwise the Multi-cell feature will not
work.
You can verify whether the Time server is reachable af rebooting the base station by
verifying the correct Time Server IP address is still in place.
6.1.2 SIP Server (or PBX Server) Setup
STEP 6
Create the relevant SIP server (or PBX Server) information in the system. Each service
provider/customer should refer SIP server vendor on how to setup SIP servers.
Click the link “Server” at the left hand column of home page, you can add your SIP server for base
station use.
Next, from the Server page, click on the Add Server URL and enter the relevant SIP server
information (an example is shown below).
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STEP 5
64
Choose “Disabled” on NAT adaption parameter if NAT function of the SIP aware router is not
enabled. Enter the relevant parameters based on the description in the table below. Select Save
button.
6.1.3 Multi-cell Setup
Click on Multi Cell url link in the SME VoIP Configuration to view the current Multi cell
settings status of the current base station. Brand new base stations have Multi cell system
feature disabled by default.
Chapter: Multi-cell Setup & Management
STEP 7
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Next, the system administrator needs to create and Enable Multi Settings profile for the
current base station. On the Multi Cell settings Page, choose Enable option from the drop
down menu of the Multi cell system parameter. Enable the Multi cell debug option if the
system administrator wants some Multi-cell related logs to be catalogued by the system.
STEP 9
On the same Multi Cell Settings page > Enter the relevant values for System chain ID and
Synchronization time (s) respectively. The System chain ID is a geographically unique DECT
cell identity allocated to bridge several base stations together in a chain. An example is
55555. The Synchronization time (s) parameter is defined as window/period of time in
seconds a specific base station synchronises to the master base station unit (by default 60).
Note: Do NOT use a chain ID similar to an extension.
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STEP 8
66
Click on Save button to keep modified changes of multi cell settings into the base station.
The Multi Cell data synchronization ONLY works when the relevant Time Server is set in
the system before Server/Subscriber profile is added or created. Refer to STEP 5.
IMPORTANT:
Base stations must be rebooted after the time server has been set.
STEP 10
Repeat STEP 1-9 as explained above for each base stations.
6.2 Synchronizing the Base stations
STEP 11
On each SME VoIP Configuration interface for the base station(s) navigate to the
Home/Status page and Click the Reboot button.
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IMPORTANT:
It takes up to 5 minutes (synchronization time) to add a new base station to a Multi Cell System.
67
This will trigger Are you sure you want to reboot base station? window. Click OK button on
this window. A successful restart of the base stations will lead to a display of the page:
Gateway has been reset.
Navigate back to the Multi cell settings page by clicking Multi-cell url link at the left column.
The revised Multi cell settings page shows the relevant base stations synchronized together.
By default, the system uses the first registered base station as the master base unit.
Chapter: Multi-cell Setup & Management
STEP 12
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STEP 13
On the Multi-cell settings page, scroll to the DECT system settings and Enable or Disable the
“Auto configure DECT sync option source tree” (See description in the table below). The
DECT system RFPI parameter is computed by the system (It’s often greyed in a multi-cell
system configuration).
Chapter: Multi-cell Setup & Management
STEP 14 Next, on the MAC-units in chains section, you can manually configure the synchronisation
source tree of the multi-cell system. Multi-cell settings page, scroll to the DECT system settings and
Enable or Disable the “Auto configure DECT sync option source tree” (See description in the table
below). The DECT system RFPI parameter is computed by the system (Its often greyed in a multi-cell
system)
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6.3 Summary of Procedure – Creating a Chain
We enumerate the short version of how to add 3 base stations units in a multi-cell setup. This can be
applied for up to 40 number of base units.
This procedure is divided into four (4) main stages. Apply this procedure if all base unit are straight from
production.
6.3.1 Stage 1
Skip this stage if relevant base stations are already in the network.
a) Add 3 base stations i.e. RFP1, RFP2, RFP3 > Disable the “Multi cell system” option and “Save”
b) RFP1, RFP2, RFP3: Reboot from the HTTP SME Configuration Main Page
c) RFP1, RFP2, RFP3: Default by pressing reset button 12-sec.
6.3.2 Stage 2
Choosing 1st base unit i.e. RFP1 as Primary
a) RFP1: Define Time server and “Save and reboot” from the Time page
b) RFP1: Reboot automatically
c) RFP1: Press “Add server” and define SIP server IP and “Save” from the Servers page
d) RFP1: Multi cell system = enable and “Save” from the Multi-cell page
e) RFP1: Reboot (Verify from Debug log “SYNCMGR: This base is ready to be Primary in a Chain”)
6.3.3 Stage 3
Choose another base unit,RFP2 as Secondary
a) RFP2: Multi cell system = enable and “Save”
b) RFP2: Reboot (Verify from Debug log “SYNCMGR: This base is ready to join into another Chain”)
c) RFP1, RFP2: Wait 2min for stable Primary-Secondary chain (check for the message: SYNCMGR:
Socket#10 creation success)
Choose the 3rd base unit, RFP3 as Secondary
d) RFP3: Multi cell system = enable and “Save”
e) RFP3: Reboot (Verify Debug log “SYNCMGR: This base is ready to join into another Chain”)
f) RFP1, RFP3: Wait 2min for stable Master-Slave chain (SYNCMGR: Socket#10 creation success)
g) RFP3: Check mark ID2/RPN08 and select dropdown “1 – RPN: 04” and “Save”
h) RFP3: Reboot (SYNCMGR: Socket#8 creation success)
Multi-cell chain of 3 base stations has been created successfully. Next step involves adding extensions to
the system.
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6.3.4 Stage 4
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6.4 Practical Configuration of Multi-cell System
In this chapter we describe what exactly to configure in the SME VoIP Configuration Interface ensure these
scenarios really work.
6.4.1 Case ##1: Isolated Buildings
Disable Multi Cell option of Base Stations
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The optimal configuration for isolated buildings is standalone base stations setting. In this setting, you
must:
A. Using the figure below as illustration, log into the Configuration Interface of each base station.
B. Configure the Time Server, SIP Server, Extensions as described in the previous chapters.
C. On the main page of the configuration interface, click Network URL > disable the Multi-cell
parameter of each base station > Save and Reboot each base to complete the Case ##1 setup.
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6.4.2 Case ##2: Location with co-located partners
Example includes Department shops, Retail location with co-located photo kiosk or pharmacy, etc.
To illustrate this setup, two slave base stations are synchronised to one master base in the two office
blocks.
Here is diagram to illustrate Case ##2.
The procedure:
STEP 1
Follow the steps described in section 0
STEP 2
On the Network page of each base define the DECT sync source settings as illustrated in the
table below.
STEP 3
Save and reboot each base to complete case ##2 setup
Multi Cell Page of Base Stations
Recommended settings of MAC-units in Chain section of page (Other different settings exist):
Ver
MAC Addr
IP Addr
IP Status
DECT sync
source
00
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
1: RPN:04
04
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
1: RPN:04
08
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
1: RPN:04
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DECT
Property
Primary
Chapter: Multi-cell Setup & Management
RPN
72
6.4.3 Case ##3: Large to Medium Sized Enterprises
In this scenario, we have five slave bases synchronised to one master base. The master base is located in
office block B while the slave bases are spread across the whole enterprise. No base station is deployed in
the lift because it has high attenuation properties that will drastically reduce radio signals.
The procedure:
STEP 1
Follow the steps described in sections 0
STEP 2
On the Network page of each base define the DECT sync source settings as illustrated in the
table below.
STEP 3
Save and reboot each base to complete case ## 3 setup
Multi Cell Page of Base Stations
Recommended settings of MAC-units in Chain section of page (Other valid setting exists):
NOTE:
The number of chains cannot exceed 12 levels.
Ver
MAC Addr
IP Addr
IP Status
DECT sync
source
00
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
1: RPN:04
04
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
2: RPN:08
08
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
3: RPN:0C
0C
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
4: RPN:10
10
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
4: RPN:10
14
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
4: RPN:10
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Property
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RPN
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6.4.4 Case ##4: Large Enterprises at Different Locations
The procedure:
STEP 1
Follow the steps described in sections 6
STEP 2
On the Network page of each base define the DECT sync source settings as illustrated in the
table below.
STEP 3
Save and reboot each base to complete case ## 4 setup
STEP 4
Important for this configuration is to enable “Allow multi primary” on the multi cell page.
This allows the handset to locate on both systems make it possible for the user move from one
location to the other and still use the same handset.
Multi Cell Page of Base Stations
Recommended settings of MAC-units in Chain section of page (Other valid setting exists):
DECT sync
RPN
Ver
MAC Addr
IP Addr
IP Status
source
00
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
0: RPN:00
04
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
0: RPN:00
08
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
1: RPN:04
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DECT
Property
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HQ
Chapter: Multi-cell Setup & Management
In this scenario, multi-cell systems are deployed at different locations; geographically separated from each
other. Each location has a master base station with more than one slave base synchronise to it.
74
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
3: RPN:0C
10
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
3: RPN:0C
14
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
4: RPN:10
18
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
6: RPN:18
1C
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
6: RPN:18
20
XX
XX:XX:XX…
XXX.XXX…
Connected
7: RPN:1C
Primary for
Offices
Primary for
Enterprises
Chapter: Multi-cell Setup & Management
0C
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7 Registration Management - Handset
In this chapter we briefly describe how to register handsets in the SME VoIP Network. A precondition for
handset registration is a proper configured single or multi-base system. For this refer to chapter 6.1.
7.1 Register handset to base (non multiline)
This section describes how to register the wireless handset to the base station.
NOTE:
Minimum one server must be registered to the base (system), otherwise a handset cannot be registered to
the system. Please see chapter 6.1.2.
STEP 4
In the extensions list set a Check mark on the extension which shall be assigned to the
handset you want to register and click “Register handset (s)”. The base is now open (ready state)
for handset registrations for 5 minutes.
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STEP 1
Login to a base station.
STEP 2
Select “Extensions” URL and click “Add extension” link
STEP 3
Fill out the form and click “Save”. In the example below we add the extension “3020” and
this SIP account got the same number as “Authentication User Name” and “Password”. The “Server
1” is selected by default as server for this extension.
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Start the registration procedure on the handset by following step “a” to “d” below.
a) Select main menu “Connectivity”
c) Type in the “AC code” and press “OK”
to start the registration. The default AC code is
“0000”.
b) Select menu ”Register”
d) After a while the handset is registered,
and the idle display is shown.
NOTE:
The unique handset IPEI is displayed on sheet “Extensions” when the handset is successfully registered. The
web page must be manually updated by pressing “F5” to see that the handset is registered; otherwise the
handset IPEI (International Portable Equipment Identity) isn’t displayed on the web page.
We illustrate how extensions page will be when you register several handsets.
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STEP 5
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7.2 Register handset to base (multiline)
This section describes how to register the wireless handset to a system with active multiline feature.
NOTE:
Minimum one server must be registered to the base (system), otherwise a handset cannot be registered to
the system. Please see chapter 6.1.2.
STEP 1
Login to a base station.
STEP 2
Select “Extensions” URL and click “Add extension” link
STEP 3
Fill out the form and click “Save”. In the example below we add the extension “3020” and
this SIP account got the same number as “Authentication User Name”, “Password” and “Display
Name”.
STEP 5
Start the registration procedure on the handset by following step “a” to “d” below.
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STEP 4
In the handset and extensions list set a Check mark on the handset Idx, which you want to
register and click “Register handset (s)”. The base is now open (ready state) for handset
registrations for 5 minutes.
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c) Type in the “AC code” and press “OK”
to start the registration. The default AC code is
“0000”.
b) Select menu ”Register”
d) After a while the handset is registered, and the
idle display is shown
STEP 6
Confirm the registration from the unique handset IPEI is displayed in column “IPEI” when the
handset is successfully registered.
Note: The web page must be manually updated by pressing “F5” to see that the handset is registered;
otherwise the handset IPEI (International Portable Equipment Identity) isn’t displayed on the web page.
STEP 7
SIP registration for first extension is made automatically. For the second extension start the
SIP registration procedure on the base by Check the extension and click “Start SIP Registration(s)”.
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a) Select main menu “Connectivity”
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STEP 8
Confirm the SIP registration by SIP State in right column.
Chapter: Registration Management - Handset
Note: The web page must be manually updated by pressing “F5” to see that the handset is SIP registered;
otherwise the handset SIP state isn’t displayed on the web page.
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7.3 Register handset to base and specific extension (multiline)
This section gives an example of controlling handset registration to a specific extension.
STEP 1
Login to a base station.
STEP 2
Select “Extensions” URL and click “Add extension” link
STEP 3
Fill out the form and click “Save”. In the example below we add the extension “2512” with
display name “Reserved”
STEP 5
Enter the IPEI of handset which must register to this particular extension and press “Save”
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STEP 4
Extension 2512 is now listed with handset IPEI “FFFFFFFFF”. Click the IPEI “FFFFFFFFFF” link
and get the below view.
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STEP 6
STEP 7
STEP 8
Check mark the handset Idx in left column and press “Register Handset(s)”
With the handset run the handset registration procedure using AC code “0000”
Confirm the registration success by “Handset State” column.
Note: It is possible with similar procedure to register using a different AC code than 0000 simply by
changing the AC code in step 5.
Chapter: Registration Management - Handset
Note: It is possible to SIP register a handset with extensions on different servers by using the edit extension
link and pair the extension to a handset Idx.
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8 Firmware Upgrade Procedure
This step-by-step chapter describes how to upgrade or downgrade base station(s) and/or handset(s) /
repeater (s) to the relevant firmware provided by RTX.
8.1 Network Dimensioning
In principle, a number of hardware and software components should be available or be satisfied before
base station/handset update can be possible.
The minimum hardware and software components that are required to be able update via TFTP include the
following (but not limited to):
Handsets
Base stations
TFTP Server (Several Windows and Linux applications are available)
DHCP Server (Several Windows and Linux applications are available)
Workstation (e.g. Normal terminal or PC)
Any standard browser (e.g. Firefox)
Public/Private Network
This section illustrate TFTP Server configuration using “SolarWinds” vendor TFTP Server. Create the
following relevant folders as shown in the snap shots and choose defaults settings for the remaining
options and save.
Chapter: Firmware Upgrade Procedure







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8.2 TFTP Configuration
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The admin from the service provider’s side must create the relevant firmware directory in the server where
both old and new firmware(s) can be placed in it. (See the STEP above)
Chapter: Firmware Upgrade Procedure
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8.3 Create Firmware Directories
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8.3.1 Base:
On the TFTP server root, create directory “Beatus”.
Copy Base station firmware to the named directory.
IMPORTANT:
The BeatUs directory name cannot be changed.
8.3.2 Handsets/Repeaters:
On the TFTP server root, create directory “Pegasus” or “Raffle” or “Razor” or “DECT4024” depending on
type.
IMPORTANT:
The Raffle, Pegasus, DECT4024 directory names cannot be changed.
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Copy handset/repeater firmware to the named directory.
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8.4 Firmware Update Settings
Scroll down and Click on Firmware Update url link in the SME VoIP Configuration Interface to view the
Firmware Update Settings page.
Type IP address and firmware path followed by save.
8.5 Base Station(s) Firmware Upgrade
On the Firmware Update Settings page > scroll down to the Update Gateways section > Enter the relevant
firmware version of the base station to upgrade or to downgrade. Enter 202 for base version V0202.
For multi cell upgrade remember to check “update all Base Stations”.
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For Http download the firmware update server settings must be entered as follows:
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Efter entering required version choose Start update button > select OK button from the dialog window to
start the update/downgrade procedure.
The relevant base station(s) will automatically reboot and retrieve the firmware specified from the server
and update itself accordingly.
The base firmware update behaviour is: Base will fetch the fwu file for approximately 3 minutes, then
reboot and start flashing the LED - indicated by LED fast flashing for approximately 3 minutes and reboots
in new version.
Note: All on-going voice calls are dropped from the base station(s) immediately the firmware update
procedure starts.
8.5.1 Base firmware confirmation
8.5.2 Verification of Firmware Upgrade
Syslog information when Management Syslog level is set to “Debug”
[ FWU Downloading File tftp://10.1.24.101/FwuPath/Beatus/BeatusSw_4181_v0202.fwu]
[ Base FWU started]
[ Base FWU ended with exit code 2101 (NE_FILE_TRANSFER_EOF): End of file]
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Base station firmware version status in a multicell environment can be seen in the multicell base station
group overview page, column 4.
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The log window of the TFTP server:
8.6 Handset(s) and Repeater Firmware Upgrade
NOTE: To disable handset/repeater firmware process type version 0 in the required version field, followed
by the save button. It is recommended to use version 0 after all units are upgraded.
NOTE: For handset TFTP/HTTP download only one handset type can be downloaded at the same time. In
case two handset models are defined for fwu at the same time fwu will fail.
8.6.1 Monitor handset firmware upgrade
Handset firmware upgrade status is monitored on the handset extensions page, right column.
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On the Firmware Update Settings page enter the relevant handset/repeater firmware for each type (e.g.
273 for V273) to upgrade or downgrade > press Save button to initialize the process of updating all
handsets.
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Handset firmware update time from start to complete takes minimum 40 minutes.
8.6.2 Monitor Repeater firmware upgrade
Repeater firmware upgrade status is monitored on the Repeater page, right column.
Repeater firmware upgrade time from start to complete takes minimum 20 minutes.
8.6.3 Verification of Firmware Upgrade
The firmware upgrade is confirmed by the FWU Progress status in the second and first right column on the
handset extension list or repeater list. The “FWU info” column contains the software version and the “FWU
Progress” column contains the status. In case status is “Complete”, the unit is firmware upgraded.
Chapter: Firmware Upgrade Procedure
Alternatively the handset firmware can be verified from the Handset Menu by navigate to Settings > Scroll
down to Status this will list information regarding Base station and Handset firmware versions.
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9 Functionality Overview
So far we have setup our SME VoIP system. Next, in this chapter we list what features and functionalities
are available in the system. The SME VOIP system supports all traditional and advanced features of most
telephony networks. In addition, 3rd party components handle features like voice mail, call diversion,
conference calls, etc. A brief description of SME VOIP network functionalities are:

Outgoing/incoming voice call management: The SME VOIP system can provide multiple priority user
classes. Further, up to 3 repeaters can be linked to a Base-station.

Internal handover: User locations are reported to SIP Server in order to provide differentiated services
and tariff management. Within a DECT traffic area, established calls can seamlessly be handover
between Base-stations using connection handover procedures.

Security: The RTX SME VOIP system also supports robust security functionalities for Base-stations.
Most security2 functionality is intrinsically woven into the SME VOIP network structure so that network
connections can be encrypted and terminal authentication can be performed.
9.1 System Feature List
This section gives a summary of some essential functionality within the wireless IP network.
Components
System Features
Speech Coding
10 channels ADPCM G.726 on air interface
10 channels of G729a on IP interface
10 channels of G711 on IP interface
3
4, 2
2
Support of mixed types of Codecs in one Base Station
In-band Tones
Dial tone
Busy tone
Ring back tone
Call waiting tone
Re-order tone
Radio Access
Mechanism
Bearer Handover and Connection Handover:
Busy indication and support
Connection re-establishment
5
SIP support
REGISTER, INVITE, and TERMINATE sessions
Session Description Protocol (SDP), HTTP authentication
Support 200 DECT instances (depending on SME VOIP configuration)
locating SIP servers
2
With active security 4 channels is supported
In a multicell configuration 8 channels is supported
4
G729a requires an additional hardware module. In a multicell configuration 8 channels is supported
5
Emergency call is not possible if the Network connection is not working or in case of power failure.
3
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Emergency Calls : Inside or outside roaming areas
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Components
System Features
Support for re-INVITE
Support for fail-over SIP proxy
Message Waiting Indication
Support for “302” response between UA  SIP Server
Internal
Synchronization
Internal Synchronization lock, timing and transmission
Management Features
Assignment of Base-stations
Logging calls and internal events, and tracking use of resources
Logging system faults
TFTP server for software upgrade.
WEB interface for remote management of network devices
Remote debugging of network devices, including log features
Base Power
Power over Ethernet (PoE): IEEE 802.3af Class 2
Temperature Range
0˚C to + 40˚C
Range (EU DECT)
50m and Outdoor: 300m
9.2 Detail Feature List
G.722
G.726
G.729
SIP
RFC2327
RFC2396
RFC2833
RFC2976
RFC3261
RFC3262
RFC3263
RFC3264
RFC3265
RFC3311
RFC3325
RFC3326
RFC3489
RFC3515
RFC3550
RFC3581
RFC3842
RFC3891
Uncompressed voice
Silence suppression ( No)
Allows HD sound for the handset
ADPCM, 32 Kbps
A
G.729.1 (ehem. G.729 EV)
Note: Only with additional module, this is an extra option that requires a board
connector mounted in Gateway. Per default not mounted.
SDP: Session Description Protocol
Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax
In-Band DTMF/Out of band DTMF support
The SIP INFO method
SIP 2.0
Reliability of Provisional Responses in the Session Initiation Protocol (PRACK)
Locating SIP Servers (DNS SRV, redundant server support)
Offer/Answer Model with SDP
Specific Event Notification
The Session Initiation Protocol UPDATE Method
P-Asserted Identity
The Reason Header Field for the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
STUN
REFER: Call Transfer
RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Application
Rport
Message Waiting Indication
Replace header support
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CODECs
G.711 PCM A-law & U-law
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RFC3892
RFC3960
RFC4475
SIPS
SRTP
Web server
The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Referred-By Mechanism
Early Media and Ringing Tone Generation in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)
Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Torture Test Messages
Will limit number of active calls pr. base when enabled.
Embedded web server HTTP/HTTPS
Automatic DST
Tone Scheme
Ethernet features
VLAN
DHCP Support
Static IP
TLS 1.0
TFTP
HTTP
HTTPS
TCP/IP/UDP
SNTP
Quality of service
DHCP option
DNS srv
DECT
DECT CAP
CAT-IQ v1.0
General Telephony
Handset Support
VoIP Accounts
Simultaneous Calls
Call features
Type of Service (ToS) including DiffServ Tagging, and QoS per IEEE 802.1p/q
Warning – Network outage, VoIP service outage
Adaptive Jitter Buffer support
Country Depend Tone Scheme
VLAN (802.1p/q)
For secure connections (AES 128)
For configuration download.
For configuration download.
For secure configuration download.
For internet clock synchronization
Type of Service (ToS) including DiffServ Tagging, and QoS per IEEE 802.1p/q
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Connectionless handover, enhanced location registration
Wideband Speech
10 simultaneous handsets supported (single cell)
(10 call / single cell and 8 call/Multi cell)
Total 200 simultaneous call supported / system
30 VoIP accounts per base – (maximum 40 bases per installation)
Total 200 VoIP accounts / system
Maximum 200 handsets per installation
4 Wideband calls (g.722) or 10 single cell, 8 multi cell narrowband calls (PCMA, PCMU,
G.726) or mixed wideband and narrowband.
Codec Negotiation
Codec Switching
Missed call notification
Voice message waiting notification
Date and Time synchronization
Parallel calls
Common parallel call procedures
Call transfer unannounced
Call transfer announced
Conference
Call Waiting
Calling line identity restriction
Outgoing call
Call Toggle
Incoming call
Line identification
Multiple Lines
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Other features
Quality of service
IP Quality
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Call log
Phone Book
Chapter: Functionality Overview
DND
Call Forward
Multiple calls
Call identification
Calling Name Identification Presentation (CNIP)
Calling Line Identification Presentation (CLIP)
Call Hold
List of registered handsets
50 mixed between Incoming, outgoing, missed calls
Common Phonebook with up to 3000 entries (Import via csv format)
Common Phonebook LDAP V2.0
Local Phonebook (100 entries 8630 and 50 entries 8430)
Do Not Disturb
All
No Answer
Busy
Individual Speed dial
Programmable Function keys
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Appendix
10 Appendix A: Basic Network Server(s) Configuration
In this chapter we describe how to setup the various server elements in the system.
10.1 Server setup
In the SME network, the server environment is installed as a centralized system.
The main server types hosted on the network include SIP, DNS/DHCP and HTTP/TFTP Servers. These servers
can be hosted both in one or multiple windows and/or Linux Server environment.
Management servers are normally installed to monitor and manage the network in detail. Each Basestation status can be checked. Each Repeater and each Subscriber Terminal can be monitored over the air
from a centralized location.
Further, new software can be uploaded to all system elements from the centralized location (typically a
TFTP server) on an individual basis. This includes Subscriber Handsets where the latest software is
downloaded over the air.
10.2 Requirements
Regardless of whether or not you will be installing a centrally provisioned system, you must perform basic
TCP/IP network setup, such as IP address and subnet mask configuration, to get your organization’s phones
up and running.
10.3 DNS Server Installation/Setup
10.3.1.1
Hints on how to Configure DNS behind a Firewall/NAT
Proxy and Network Address Translation (NAT) devices can restrict access to ports. Set the DNS to use UDP
port 53 and TCP port 53. For windows Servers, set the RCP option on the DNS Service Management console
and configure the RCP to use port 135.
These settings should be enough to resolve some of potential issues that may occur when you configure
DNS and firewalls/NAT.
10.4 DHCP Server Setup
A DHCP Server allows diskless clients to connect to a network and automatically obtain an IP address. This
server is capable of supplying each network client with an IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, an IP
address for a WINS server, and an IP address for a DNS server. This is very often used in enterprise
networks to reduce configuration efforts. All IP addresses of all computers/routers/bases are stored in a
database that resides on a server machine.
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Name server is a name server service installed in a server for mapping or resolution of humanly memorable
domain names and hostnames into the corresponding numeric Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.
The customer should refer to the platform vendor either windows or Linux vendor for detail step-by-step
guide on how to install and configure Domain Name System for internet access. In this section, we briefly
describe hints on how to setup DNS behind NAT or Firewall.
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The network administrator should contact the relevant vendors for detail information or step-by-step
procedure on how to install and setup DHCP process or service on windows/Linux servers. In this section,
we will provide some hints of how to resolve potential problems to be encountered you setup DHCP
Servers.
Windows Server:
1) Clients are unable to obtain an IP address
If a DHCP client does not have a configured IP address; it generally means that the client has not been
able to contact a DHCP server. This is either because of a network problem or because the DHCP server
is unavailable. If the DHCP server has started and other clients have been able to obtain a valid address,
verify that the client has a valid network connection and that all related client hardware devices
(including cables and network adapters) are working properly.
2) The DHCP server is unavailable
When a DHCP server does not provide leased addresses to clients, it is often because the DHCP service
has failed to start. If this is the case, the server may not have been authorized to operate on the
network. If you were previously able to start the DHCP service, but it has since stopped, use Event
Viewer to check the system log for any entries that may explain the cause.
Next, restart the DHCP service, click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then press ENTER. Type
net start dhcpserver,
and then press ENTER.
Linux Platform:
Troubleshooting DHCP, check the following:
1) Incorrect settings in the /etc/dhcpd.conf file such as not defining the networks for which the DHCP
server is responsible;
2) NAT/Firewall rules that block the DHCP bootp protocol on UDP ports 67 and 68;
3) Routers failing to forward the bootp packets to the DHCP server when the clients reside on a separate
network. Always check your /var/logs/messages file for dhcpd errors.
4) Finally restart the dhcpd service daemon
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10.4.1 Hint: Getting DHCP Server to Work
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10.5 TFTP Server Setup
There are several TFTP servers in the market place; in this section we describe how to setup a commonly
used TFTP Server.
10.5.1 TFTP Server Settings

Configure the relevant TFTP virtual folder in the server. The TFTP virtual folder is the file folder,
visible for TFTP clients under a certain name. You can set security settings separately for every
virtual TFTP folder. Next, set rights to access TFTP folders according to the relevant clients.
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The administrator must configure basic parameters of the TFTP application:
 Specify UDP 69 port – for TFTP incoming requests and TCP 12000 – for remote management of the
server. For file transmission the server opens UDP ports with random numbers. In case the option
Enable NAT or firewall support is activated on the server, the server uses the same port for files
transmission and listening to the TFTP incoming requests (UDP 69 port on default).
 Specify the interface bindings, TFTP root directory, port which the TFTP Server will listen, timeout and
number of retries, and TFTP options supported by the server.
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10.6 SIP Server Setup
SIP server is one of the main components of an SME network, dealing with the setup of all SIP calls in the
network. A SIP server is also referred to as a SIP Proxy or a Registrar.
Although the SIP server is the most important part of the SIP based phone system, some servers only
handles call setup and call tear down. It does not actually transmit or receive any audio. This is done by the
media server in RTP.
The RTX SME family of network phones are fully interoperable with the most of SIP Server applications.
There are many off-the-shelf vendor and open source SIP servers. In this section, we will briefly explain
settings required to take full advantage of FreePBX SIP Server feature set. The settings are similar for other
SIP servers.
FreePBX is an easy to use GUI (graphical user interface) that controls and manages Asterisk, which the most
popular open source telephony engine software.
The administrator should refer to the relevant detail step-by-step procedure of how to install FreePBX SIP
server. This section briefly describes SIP Server setup parameters.
1) SIP Server Setup
Settings
NAT
Description
This option determines the settings for users connecting to an asterisk server.
Possible values: Yes, No, Never, Route
NAT=route
Asterisk will send the audio to the port and IP where it’s receiving the audio from.
Instead of relying on the addresses in the SIP and SDP messages.
This will only work if the phone behind NAT send and receive audio on the same
port and if they send and receive the signalling on the same port. (The signalling
port does not have to be the same as the RTP audio port).
NAT=No
Asterisk will add an RPORT to the via header of the SIP messages
NAT=never
This will cause asterisk not to add an RPORT in the VIA line of the sip invite
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10.6.1 FreePBX SIP Server
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Video Codecs
Media & RTP
Settings
header
Choose the relevant option or enter the settings in IP configuration, External IP,
Local Network.
Some SIP Servers supports dynamic codec support. Codecs are algorithm used to
compress or decompress speech or audio signals. The user should select the
relevant Codecs and other speech compression techniques whose traffic will be
routed to the SME network.
The user should enable this option if SME network supports video telephony.
This option should be enabled to provide for deliver media streams (e.g., audio
and video) or out-of-band events signalling (DTMF in separate payload type).
2) Extensions
This feature allows administrators create handset profiles in the SME network. In other words, Extensions
describes the Dial plan for the PBX SIP system. Enter the relevant parameters
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Other NAT
Settings
Codecs
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11 Appendix B: Using Base with VLAN Network
In this chapter we describe how to setup a typical VLAN in the network.
11.1 Introduction
In this chapter, we describe how to setup VLAN to typical network. There are three main stages involved in
this procedure:
1) Configure a VLAN Aware Switch to a specific (un)tagged VLAN ID, so the SME system can process
untagged frames forwarded to it.
2) Setup the Time Server (NTP Server) and other relevant network servers.
3) Configure the HTTP server in relevant Base stations to access the features in the PBX or SME
system.
VLAN allows administrators to separate logical network connectivity from physical connectivity
analogous to traditional LAN which is limited by its physical connectivity. Normally, users in a LAN
belong to a single broadcast domain and communicate with each other at the Data Link Layer or
“Layer 2”. LANs are segmented into smaller units for each IP subnets and here communication
between subnets is possible at the Network Layer or “Layer 3”, using IP routers.
A VLAN can be described as a single physical network that can be logically divided into discrete
LANs that can operate independently of each other.
The figure above highlights several key differences between traditional LANs and VLANs.


All switches are interconnected to each other. However, there are three different VLANs or
broadcast domains on the network. Physical isolation is not required to define broadcast
domains. If the figure was a traditional LAN without VLAN-aware switches, all stations
would belong to one broadcast domain.
All switch ports can communicate with one another at the Data Link Layer, if they become
members of the same VLAN.
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An Illustration of using VLANs to create independent broadcast domains across switches is shown
below:
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
The physical location of an end station does not define its LAN boundary.
An end station can be physically moved from one switch port to another without losing
its “view of the network”. That is, the set of stations it can communicate with at the
Data Link Layer remains the same, provided that its VLAN membership is also migrated
from port to port.
2. By reconfiguring the VLAN membership of the switch port an end station is attached to,
you can change the network view of the end station easily, without requiring a physical
move from port to port.
1.
11.2 Backbone/ VLAN Aware Switches
To implement a VLAN in your network, you must use VLAN-aware switches.
Before we continue, let consider two rules to remember regarding the functioning of a regular
LAN switch:
1. When the switch receives a broadcast or multicast frame from a port, it floods (or
broadcasts) the frame to all other ports on the switch.
2. When the switch receives a unicast frame, it forwards it only to the port to which it is
addressed.
A VLAN-aware switch changes the above two rules as follows:
1. When the switch receives a broadcast or multicast frame from a port, it floods the frame to
only those ports that belong to the same VLAN as the frame.
2. When a switch receives a unicast frame, it forwards it to the port to which it is addressed,
only if the port belongs to the same VLAN as the frame.
3. A unique number called the VLAN ID identifies each VLAN.
The previous section notes that a frame can belong to a VLAN. The next question is—how is this
association made?

A VLAN-aware switch can make the association based on various attributes of the type of
frame, destination of MAC address, IP address, TCP port, Network Layer protocol, and so
on.
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Which VLAN Does a Frame Belong To?
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An illustration of IEEE 802.1Q VLAN tag in Ethernet frame is as follows:
11.3 How VLAN Switch Work: VLAN Tagging
VLAN functionality can be implemented via explicit frame tagging by switches and end stations.
Network switches and end stations that know about VLANs are said to be VLAN aware. Network
switches and end stations that can interpret VLAN tags are said to be VLAN tag aware. VLAN-tagaware switches and end stations add VLAN tags to standard Ethernet frames–a process called
explicit tagging. In explicit tagging, the end station or switch determines the VLAN membership of
a frame and inserts a VLAN tag in the frame header (see figure above for VLAN tagging), so that
downstream link partners can examine just the tag to determine the VLAN membership.
11.4 Implementation Cases

Port-based VLAN: All frames transmitted by a NIC are tagged using only one VLAN ID. The
NIC does not transmit or receive any untagged frames.
All protocols and applications use this virtual interface’s virtual PPA to transmit data traffic.
Therefore all frames transmitted by that NIC port are tagged with the VLAN ID of that
Virtual Interface.

Protocol-based VLAN: The NIC assigns a unique VLAN ID for each Layer 3 protocol (such as
IPv4, IPv6, IPX, and so on). Therefore, the VLAN ID of outbound frames is different for each
protocol. An inbound frame is dropped if the protocol and VLAN ID do not match.

IP subnet-based VLAN: The NIC assigns a unique VLAN ID for each IP subnet it belongs to.
Therefore, the VLAN ID of outbound frames is different for different destination subnets.
An inbound frame is dropped if the IP subnet and VLAN ID do not match.
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Common types of usage scenarios for VLANs on typical VLAN switches: port-based VLANs,
protocol-based VLANs, and IP subnet-based VLANs. Before figuring out which usage scenario suits
your needs, you must understand what each type of usage scenario implies.
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11.5 Base station Setup
After the admin have setup the Backbone switch, next is to configure the Base stations via HTTP interface.
STEP 1
Connect the Base station to a private network via standard Ethernet cable (CAT-5).
STEP 2
Use one of the two methods to find the base IP
STEP 3
On the Login page, enter your authenticating credentials (the username and password is
admin by default unless it is changed). Click OK button.
STEP 4
Once you have authenticated, the browser will display front end of the SME Configuration
Interface. The front end will show relevant information of the base station.
11.6 Configure Time Server
STEP 6
Navigate to the Time settings and configure it. Scroll on the left column and click on Time url
link to Open the Time Settings Page. Enter the relevant parameters on this page and press the Save
button.
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STEP 5
Create the relevant SIP server information in the system. Each service provider/customer
should refer SIP server vendor on how to setup SIP servers.
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11.7 VLAN Setup: Base station
Chapter: Appendix B: Using Base with VLAN Network
STEP 7
Navigate to the Network url > On the network page enter the relevant settings in the VLAN
section > VLAN Id should be the same as those configured into the backbone.
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12 Appendix C: SME VoIP Network Planning/Optimization
In this chapter, we describe SME VoIP radio network planning techniques including dimensioning, detailed
capacity and coverage planning, and network optimisation.
12.1 Network Requirements
Network requirement is essential to determine elements necessary to achieve the overall expectations of
the customer. Typical network requirements includes (but not limited to):





The geographical area to be covered
The type or architecture of building and/or topology, etc.
The estimated traffic on each zone or region or building
The blocking criteria in each traffic area.
The relevant quality targets expected to be achieved
12.2 Deployment Considerations
The following radio considerations must be examined before deploying a SME VoIP System. These includes
(but not limited to):
Interference Sources:
Signals to receiving antenna can be weakened by virtue of interference from other signals. These signals
may be from the same network or other man-made objects. Interference sources must be identified and
avoided or minimized.
12.3 Site Planning
12.3.1
Location Probability
The quality of coverage is determined by location probability. Please see the How to Deploy SME VOIP
System manual for more information.
12.3.2
Handover Mechanics/Planning
Handsets should seamlessly move between coverage areas. In other words, handset should be able to
move in a multi-cell setup of base stations and/or repeaters from one base station to another without
terminating or causing hindrance while receiving continuous service and maintaining call-sessions in
progress.
For efficient handover of conversations between Base stations in multi-cell setup, deploy Base stations with
wide overlap between them (i.e., plan for some areas to be covered by more than one Base station).
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Building Penetration:
When a signal strikes a building it is diffracted or absorbed; therefore to some extend the signal is reduced.
The amount of absorption is dependent of the kind of building and its environment, the amount of solid
structure. This is an important consideration in coverage planning.
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Overlaps are necessary to maintain seamless handover and to establish synchronization chains. A good
example may be a cafeteria during lunch hour where temporary concentrations of handsets may occur. The
overlap carries the excess call load to adjacent Base stations to provide uninterrupted services to
subscribers.
12.4 Cell Coverage / Capacity Planning
12.4.1
Cell Coverage
Typically, installations such as office buildings, hotels and hospitals should be equipped with both base
stations and repeaters on several floors to create uniform and complete radio coverage.
Open areas can be covered with a sparse network of base stations. In such deployments, the base stations
and/or repeaters cover an extended range due to the extended line-of-sight radio propagation capability
The figure below shows an example of an installation where base stations are not spaced at the right
distances:
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Due to the unexpected nature of RF propagation in an indoor environment, an actual on-site test must be
performed before the deploying and/or installing core network elements. An extensive guide to effective
RF coverage planning is outside the scope of this document. This should be noted:
The Base stations provides typical RF coverage of up to 50 meters/164 feet in a typical indoor office
environment and up 300 meters/984 feet in an open area (line-of-sight-LOS), extending in all directions
from the Base stations (i.e. Omni directional). The exact coverage range depends on the building
architecture, wall material and surroundings. The figure below show the correct installation of base stations
spaced at the recommended distances from each other:
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12.4.2
Capacity Planning
Another aspect of capacity planning should address the user growth pattern of a typical SME VoIP network.
How many users will be using this network in for example two years window, etc. Based on these
estimations, the network dimensioning can be planned orderly bearing in mind the SME capacity.
12.5 Network Dimensioning
After the network requirements are clearly defined, the number of users that are expected to use the
network must be estimated. Based on that, you should estimate and identify the number and type of
equipment required in order to cater for the capacity, coverage and quality requirements. The more
accurate the dimensioning, the more efficient the network rollout.
Handsets/SIP End-Nodes:
In a typical setup, the system can support up to 200 handsets depending on the configuration.
Base stations/Repeaters:
The system can easily scale up to 40 base stations. Depending on the network setup, coverage can be
extended by up to 5 repeaters. The planner should bear in mind that base stations can support 10
simultaneously call sessions while repeaters can support 5 call sessions.
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This is where the Network provider estimates how many calls will be initiated in a typical window/time
frame and how many users will be initiating them.
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Core Network Equipment:
This equipment is at the premises of the service operator or data centre. Depending on the network
requirements the following devices should be available:
VLAN/NAT aware router(s), Session Border Controller, DHCP/TFTP/FTP Servers, STUN Server, Media Server,
Access Gateway, SIP Server, etc.
12.6 Environmental Considerations
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ensure that the installation area is clean and dry.
Ensure that the floor of the installation area is finished with linoleum, vinyl, ceramic, wooden flooring,
computer floor tiles, or polished sealed concrete.
Ensure that the ceiling of the installation area is finished or treated to prevent particle discharge.
Ensure that the installation area is well lit, and that the light source is uniformly diffused without
shadows. Adequate lighting should provide a comfortable reading level and allow the identification of
wire insulator colours without undue eye fatigue. Lighting should be comparable to an office work
environment, with a minimum level of 21 meter/68.9 feet at each work surface. As a rule of thumb, in a
room with a 2.5 meters/8.2 feet ceiling, one 1.2 meters/4 feet fluorescent tube provides sufficient
illumination for 1.9-2.4 square meters/20.5-25.9 square feet.
Ensure that ventilation of the installation area is capable of maintaining an ambient temperature of 040°C/32-104°F, and a relative humidity of 20-80% non-condensing, while the system is operating. The
maximum power rating of a base station under full load should not exceed 315W/1070 BTU/Hr. These
figures are for each cabinet only, and do not take into account heat generated by other equipment. In
particular, charging fully-discharged batteries may generate a considerable amount of heat, depending
on battery capacity and rate of charge. Refer to the equipment manufacturer data for more
information.
Ensure that the installation area is free of caustic or corrosive liquids, substances, or materials. If
batteries will be installed as part of the system, ensure that adequate precautions are taken (such as
special ventilation) to prevent corrosive emissions from the batteries. Check local building codes for
additional requirements.
12.7 Recommended Base station/Repeater Placement
There is no one strategy for deploying base stations. These are some recommended Base station and/or
Repeater placement strategies:
Around Corridors:
Base stations/repeater should be deployed vertically preferably at corridor intersections where
propagation patterns follow the corridor patterns. The base station/repeater should point towards the
corridor and preferably in the middle height between the floor and the actual ceiling. In case there are high
objects in the area, the base station/repeater should be installed above those objects but still kept distant
from the ceiling.
Multi-Storey Buildings:
Base stations and repeaters can be installed on opposite sides of the floors to take advantage of the floorto-floor coverage. The coverage design cannot rely entirely on floor-to-floor propagation; each case must
be verified due to variations in local attenuation patterns.
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In this section, we enumerate some environmental conditions that need to be considered prior to planning,
deployment and optimisation of the SME network. The considerations are as follows:
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Open Areas/ Large Halls:
Base stations and repeaters can be deployed in open areas for buildings that contain a central open space
area with windows to the other areas. This provides a good coverage for the rooms in the inner circle on all
floors (e.g. hotels).
In large halls, Base stations/repeater should be installed vertically in the middle of the space below the
drop ceiling.
Mounting Positions:
When Base stations and repeaters are mounted vertically on a wall, the radio coverage in front of these
devices is twice as large as the coverage at the rear.
Repeaters should be installed in the middle of corridors and small rooms.
Metallic Structures/Objects:
Base stations and repeaters should not be deployed near large metallic objects.
Reinforced Concrete Structures:
These structures have a high attenuation factor inside the building. They reduce the radio coverage range
of the Base stations and repeaters and therefore require a higher number of base stations or repeaters in
the building. Lighter types of construction materials require fewer base stations since attenuation figures
are considerably lower.
12.8 Network Assessment/Optimisation
This involves monitoring, verifying and improving the performance of the SME VoIP network. Depending on
the network setup and varying deployment conditions and network usage some requirements have to be
monitored and corrected.
The main focus of network optimisation should be telephony quality, handovers, network traffic and other
related measurements.
The quality of the network is ultimately determined by the satisfaction of users of the network. Therefore
before SME VoIP Networks are handed over to customers, Network providers must perform deployment
testing. Please see the How to Deploy SME VOIP System manual for more information.
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Others Recommendations:
• Maximum distance between two base stations varies depending on material and construction of
buildings, but there must always be synchronization chains and radio coverage overlap between the
two base stations or handover between radio units. The time it takes a person to cross the common
coverage area must be 10 seconds or more, as the handset needs time to scan for an alternative base
stations.
• Ensure that the installation area is located no closer than 6.1meters/20.0 feet from electric devices that
produce large electro-magnetic fields (EMF) or high levels of radio frequency energy. Possible EMF
sources are radio transmitters, electric arc welding machines, copying machines, electric motors,
refrigeration units, power transformers, electric load centres, and main circuit breaker panels.
• Ensure that the electrical service is sufficient and located in close proximity to the Base stations.
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Collect statistics of the network an example is illustrated in the table below:
Parameters
Value
Comments
## Call Setup failures
## Dropped calls
## HO successes
## HO failures
Traffic Blocking Rate
(%)
Traffic Blocking (Erl)
Receiver level (dBm)
Receiver Quality (%)
After collecting the necessary information, you should fine tune signalling and radio resource sharing
parameters. Network optimisation is a continuous process during and after the launch of the network.
For example, if it is found that an area within a building has low signal level. There should be an immediate
scrutiny of base station and/or repeater locations, heights and tilts. The problem is sorted out by moving
the relevant devices and altering the tilts of these devices.
Chapter: Appendix C: SME VoIP Network Planning/Optimization
For buildings/halls constructed with high signal attenuation materials, deploying additional base stations
will be one of the solutions.
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13 Appendix D: Local Central directory file handling
In this appendix the Local Central Directory file format, import and configuration is described.
13.1 Central Directory Contact List Structure
The structure of Contact List is simple. The figure below shows an example of structure of Contact List in
Text format and in Xml format. Contact name must not contain more than 23 characters and contact
number must not contain more than 21 digits.
.csv or .txt
Txt file limitations:
 Contact name must NOT be longer than 23 characters (name will be truncated)
 Contact name must NOT contain “,”
 Contact number must be limited to 21 digits (entry will be discarded, no warning)
 Contact number digits must be: +0123456789
 Contact number does not support SIP-URI
 Spaces between name section “,” and number section is not supported
13.2 Central Directory Contact List Filename Format
The Contact list is saved as file format: .txt .csv or .xml
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.xml
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13.3 Import Contact List to Central Directory
On the Central Directory page, the admin should click on Browse button and the Choose File to Load dialog
window will be shown.
Next, click on the Load button. This will import the contents of contacts in the selected file into the relevant
Base station.
The figure below shows the import procedure is in process.
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On the Choose File to Upload dialog window, navigate to the directory or folder that contains the right file
to be imported to the base station > Click on Open button.
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13.4 Central directory using server
Alternative way to import a Contact List is to get it from a server. First click on Management url to get
Management Settings page, then select the protocol of your server (TFTP/HTTP) in Management Transfer
Protocol, then save the setting by clicking Save.
Go back to Central Directory page and enter Server IP address (inclusive the path in the end of the address)
and Filename of the contact list, then save the setting by clicking Save. (See example below).
Then reboot the Base station to ensure that the changes take effect.
On the Handset, navigate to Central Directory where the correct contact list should populate to the
contacts uploaded to the Base station.
Chapter: Appendix D: Local Central directory file handling
13.5 Verification of Contact List Import to Central Directory
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14 Appendix E: Network Operations
14.1 Introduction
In this chapter, we will provide an overview of the operation of the network during system start-up,
location registration and speech calls including illustration of different call scenarios.
14.2 System Start Up
When a Base station Unit is powered up, it achieves IP address from DHCP server and time from the TimeServer.
Optionally the base retrieves its configuration from a file on the TFTP server. This configuration file
describes used network and cluster configuration parameters (optional and not needed).
The SME VoIP network has successfully started up.
14.3 Terminal Attachment
When a DECT Terminal (also called handset or SIP node) is turned on or moved into the coverage area of a
Base-station it has to get attached to the network. When more Base-stations are available, the Terminal
selects the one with best RF signal. This procedure, called Location Registration, always keeps the network
informed about where a Terminal is located and enables it receive or originate calls. This procedure also
authenticates the Terminal and checks the validity of the associated subscription.
14.4 Outgoing Calls
Outgoing calls are initiated by the Terminal. It selects the Base-station with best RF signal and establishes a
radio communication link to Base-station. DECT call control messages are exchanged between Terminal,
Base station and other servers. This server forwards the outgoing call as SIP messages to the external SIP
Server. The RTP stream is established between the involved Base-station (and the Media Gateway for PSTN
calls). If the call is between two Terminals the media stream may be routed directly between the two
involved Base-stations depending on the SIP Server routing strategy.
Incoming calls are initiated by SIP INVITE messages from the SIP Server to the Base unit; inviting it to
participate in an incoming session. The system sends paging messages to all the Base-station where the
Terminal last performed a Location Registration. When the paging is received the Terminal establishes a
radio communication link to the best available Base-station and sends a response back to DECT controller.
DECT call control messages are exchanged and the Terminal starts ringing. When the user answers the call,
a connect message is sent to the IP DECT controller that completes the incoming call by sending 200 OK
back to the SIP Server and establishes an RTP media stream between Base-station (and Media Gateway
from PSTN line). For internal calls the media stream may be routed directly between the involved Basestations.
Chapter: Appendix E: Network Operations
14.5 Incoming Calls
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14.6 Handover
14.6.1
RTP Stream Remains at Initial Base Station
When the call is set up, the handset is located at base station 1. Thus, the DECT communication takes place
between the handset and station 1, and the SIP signalling as well as the RTP stream takes place between
base station 1 and the SIP server/media gateway. The figure below illustrates this application:
DECT Connection
Base station 1
Base station 2
Base station n
RTP Stream
SIP Signaling
SIP Server/Media Gateway
Stage 1: Before handover the handset is located at BS 1.
Stage 2: After handover to BS 2, the HS is located at BS 2, and the RTP stream is relayed via BS 1.
Since the call control and hence the SIP User Agent remains at the initial base station, the SIP registration is
also unaffected by the handover.
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After handover, the handset is located at base station 2, and hence the DECT communication goes on
between the handset and base station 2. However, to avoid disruption of the audio, the RTP stream is
relayed via the initial base station, since a transfer of the RTP stream to another base station may cause the
media gateway (or whatever the remote endpoint is) to re-initialize the RTP stream with a small disruption
of the RTP stream as consequence. Thus, from the point of view of the remote endpoint, the RTP stream is
not affected by the handover, and since the call control also remains at base station 1 the SIP signalling is
also unaffected, as shown below:
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If the handset makes yet another handover, the RTP stream will still be relayed via the base station at
which, the call was established (here base station 1). This is illustrated as follows:
After handover to BS n the handset is located at BS n, and the RTP stream is relayed via BS 1.
14.7 Roaming
By roaming means the handset moves its SIP and DECT registration from one base station to another base
station. Roaming can only be initiated from idle.
Timing Criteria for Location Registration; or roaming will be initiated when:
1. Handsets lose contact to first base unit due to reset/power off/heavy DECT traffic.
2. After 5 minutes (configuration is possible) but before 5+2 minutes
a. The plus maximum 2 minutes will occur when service connection traffic is signaled at the same
time as location should happen. In this case the location registration procedure will be delayed.
If an incoming call arrives while the handset has moved to another base station (base station 2) but still not
performed a new Location Registration, the SIP call will arrive at the initial base station (base station 1), but
the RTP stream will be set up between base station 2 and the remote endpoint (refer to figure below).
Alternatively, in the case of an outgoing call, the SIP call will be established from the initial base station, and
the RTP stream will be set up between base station 2 and the remote endpoint.
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Roaming does not immediately result in a new SIP registration, because this may cause a lot of unnecessary
signalling. Therefore, the handset will not perform a new DECT Location Registration until it has resided on
the same base station for a defined period of time. Since the SIP registration is initiated by the completion
of the Location Registration, a new SIP registration will also not be done until this procedure has completed
on a new base station. Thus, a handset must stay on the same base station as given in the rules stated
below, before a new SIP registration will be made.
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DECT Connection
Base station 1
Audio Control
Base station 2
Base station n
SIP Control
RTP Stream
SIP Server/Media Gateway
Chapter: Appendix E: Network Operations
An illustration of Handset moving to another base station, but call control is still handled by the initial base
station.
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