SKF @ptitude Observer (v9.1) User Manual

SKF @ptitude Observer (v9.1) User Manual
@ptitude Observer
Part No. 32170900
Revision J
Observer 9.1
User Manual
Copyright © 2014 by SKF Reliability Systems
All rights reserved.
Aurorum 30, 977 75 Luleå
Sweden
Telephone: +46 (0)31 337 1000, Fax: +46 (0)920 134 40
SKF Reliability Systems
SKF Condition Monitoring Center
Aurorum 30
977 75 Luleå
Sweden
Telephone: +46 (0)31 337 1000
FAX: +46 (0)920 134 40
For technical support, contact:
[email protected]
for customers in Europe, Middle East and Africa.
Telephone: +46 (0)31 337 6500
or
[email protected]
for customers in North America, South America and Asia.
Telephone: +1 800 523 7514
Telephone in Latin America: +55 11 4448 8620
Visit us at our web site
www.skf.com/cm
® SKF is a registered trademark of the SKF Group
Table of Contents
Introduction
Technical Specification
1-9
2 - 13
.................................................................................................................2
- 13
Hardware
Connectivity
- 13
Data .................................................................................................................2
Processing
.................................................................................................................2
- 13
Configuration
Features
.................................................................................................................2
- 14
Analysis
Features
- 15
User .................................................................................................................2
Interfaces
.................................................................................................................2
- 15
Graphic
Displays
Alarm.................................................................................................................2 - 16
.................................................................................................................2 - 16
Report
.................................................................................................................2
- 16
System
Integrity
Getting Started
3 - 17
.................................................................................................................3
- 17
Database
Connection
Logon.................................................................................................................3 - 17
.................................................................................................................3 - 18
DASHBOARD
System Configuration
4 - 19
.................................................................................................................4
- 20
Building
a Hierarchy View
............................................................................................................4 - 20
Database
Node............................................................................................................4 - 20
............................................................................................................4 - 21
Machine
............................................................................................................4 - 22
Sub Machine
- 22
Meas.............................................................................................................4
Point
.................................................................................................................4
- 23
Creating
IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels
............................................................................................................4 - 24
Initiate
Edit ............................................................................................................4 - 25
Delete............................................................................................................4 - 26
Copy ............................................................................................................4 - 26
............................................................................................................4 - 26
Synchronize
............................................................................................................4 - 26
Restart
............................................................................................................4 - 26
Set Time
............................................................................................................4 - 26
Connections
............................................................................................................4
- 27
Measurement
Points
............................................................................................................4 - 28
Connect
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............................................................................................................4 - 28
IP Configuration
- 28
4-20............................................................................................................4
mA Output
............................................................................................................4 - 29
Firmware
............................................................................................................4
- 30
Analogue
Channels
...................................................................................................4
- 30
Initiating
an Analogue Channel
- 33
Editing...................................................................................................4
an Analogue Channel
...................................................................................................4
- 33
Deleting
an Analogue Channel
- 33
Copying...................................................................................................4
an Analogue Channel
- 34
Digital............................................................................................................4
Channels
...................................................................................................4
- 34
Initiating
a Digital Channel
- 35
Editing...................................................................................................4
a Digital Channel
...................................................................................................4
- 35
Deleting
a Digital Channel
- 35
Copying...................................................................................................4
a Digital Channel
............................................................................................................4
- 36
Machine
Properties
- 36
General...................................................................................................4
Tab
...................................................................................................4
- 37
Extended
Information Tab
...................................................................................................4
- 38
Diagnoses
Tab
...................................................................................................4
- 38
Attachments
Tab
...................................................................................................4
- 39
Advanced
Tab
.................................................................................................................4
- 40
Creating
OPC Server and OPC Channels
............................................................................................................4
- 41
Internal
OPC Server
............................................................................................................4
- 42
External
OPC Servers
- 42
Adding...................................................................................................4
an OPC Server
- 43
Editing...................................................................................................4
an OPC Server
...................................................................................................4
- 43
Removing
an OPC Server
...................................................................................................4
- 43
Creating
OPC Channels
............................................................................................................4
- 45
OPC Server
Status Tag Value
.................................................................................................................4
- 48
Setting
up Measurement Points and Alarms
............................................................................................................4
- 52
General
Tab
............................................................................................................4
- 55
Acquisition
Tab
............................................................................................................4
- 60
Operating
and Storage Conditions Tab
- 64
Shaft............................................................................................................4
Properties Tab
............................................................................................................4
- 65
Monitoring
Tab
............................................................................................................4
- 68
Adaptive
Alarming Tab
............................................................................................................4
- 69
Transient
Tab
............................................................................................................4
- 70
Observer
Display Options Tab
.................................................................................................................4
- 71
Machine
Parts
.................................................................................................................4
- 73
Setting
up Process Overview
.................................................................................................................4
- 75
Machine
Copy Wizard
.................................................................................................................4
- 79
Multiple
Point Update Wizard
System Operation
TOC-4
5 - 82
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- 82
Startup
View
- 82
Tree .................................................................................................................5
View
............................................................................................................5
- 83
Hierarchy
View
- 84
Status ...................................................................................................5
in the Hierarchy View
- 86
Priority...................................................................................................5
List of Status
...................................................................................................5
- 87
Interfaces
Available on Database Level
...................................................................................................5
- 87
Interfaces
Available on Node Level
...................................................................................................5
- 88
Interfaces
Available on Machine Level
...................................................................................................5
- 89
Interfaces
Available on Sub Machine Level
...................................................................................................5
- 89
Interfaces
Available on Meas. Point level
............................................................................................................5
- 91
System
View
............................................................................................................5 - 92
Workspace
............................................................................................................5
- 93
Diagram
View
............................................................................................................5
- 94
Protection
View
.................................................................................................................5
- 96
Graphic
Displays and Tools
............................................................................................................5
- 96
Graphic
Features
- 97
Graph............................................................................................................5
Settings
............................................................................................................5
- 100
Tools
for Graph Display
............................................................................................................5 - 102
Spectra
- 103
Time............................................................................................................5
Waveform
............................................................................................................5 - 104
Phase
............................................................................................................5 - 105
History
............................................................................................................5 - 106
3D Plot
............................................................................................................5 - 107
Topology
Orbit............................................................................................................5 - 108
............................................................................................................5 - 109
Profile
- 110
Gear............................................................................................................5
Inspector
............................................................................................................5 - 111
Trend
............................................................................................................5 - 112
Bode
............................................................................................................5
- 112
Trend
List
- 113
Multi............................................................................................................5
trend
............................................................................................................5 - 114
Diagnosis
............................................................................................................5 - 115
Polar
............................................................................................................5
- 116
Shaft
Centerline
............................................................................................................5 - 117
Airgap
............................................................................................................5
- 118
Combination
Plots
.................................................................................................................5 - 120
Buffer
.................................................................................................................5 - 122
Notes
............................................................................................................5
- 123
Configuring
a Note
.................................................................................................................5
- 124
Event
Cases
............................................................................................................5
- 126
Editing
an Existing Event Case Report
.................................................................................................................5
- 128
Maintenance
Planner
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.................................................................................................................5
- 129
Measurement
Date
Menu Items
6 - 130
File .................................................................................................................6 - 130
............................................................................................................6
- 130
Manage
Databases
- 132
Add............................................................................................................6
External Database
............................................................................................................6
- 132
Remove
External Database
............................................................................................................6 - 133
Report
- 134
Log ............................................................................................................6
Off
Exit ............................................................................................................6 - 134
Edit.................................................................................................................6 - 135
............................................................................................................6
- 135
Multiple
Point Update Wizard
............................................................................................................6 - 135
Workspace
- 136
Copy............................................................................................................6
Node
............................................................................................................6 - 136
Paste
............................................................................................................6 - 136
Notes
............................................................................................................6
- 136
Event
Cases
- 137
User............................................................................................................6
Preferences
............................................................................................................6 - 139
Properties
.................................................................................................................6 - 140
Show
- 140
Tree............................................................................................................6
View
............................................................................................................6 - 141
Filter
............................................................................................................6 - 141
Hierarchy
............................................................................................................6 - 142
System
............................................................................................................6 - 142
Workspace
............................................................................................................6
- 142
Diagram
View
............................................................................................................6
- 142
Protection
View
............................................................................................................6
- 142
Alarm
List
............................................................................................................6
- 142
System
Alarm
............................................................................................................6
- 143
Maintenance
Overview
............................................................................................................6
- 143
Message
Center
............................................................................................................6 - 143
Refresh
............................................................................................................6 - 143
DASHBOARD
.................................................................................................................6 - 144
Database
............................................................................................................6 - 144
Users
...................................................................................................6
- 145
Configuring
a User
............................................................................................................6
- 148
Database
Information
............................................................................................................6
- 149
System
Log
............................................................................................................6 - 150
Pictures
............................................................................................................6 - 151
Diagnoses
...................................................................................................6
- 151
Diagnosis
Rules
...................................................................................................6
- 154
List Diagnoses
That Needs Attention
TOC-6
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Libraries
...................................................................................................6
- 155
Bearing
Library
- 156
Report...................................................................................................6
Library
...................................................................................................6 - 156
Receivers
...................................................................................................6 - 157
Tag Library
...................................................................................................6
- 159
Data Tagging
Group
...................................................................................................6
- 159
Machine
Template Library
- 159
Create...................................................................................................6
Machine Template
............................................................................................................6 - 160
Export
............................................................................................................6 - 161
Import
............................................................................................................6
- 162
Alarm
Group
............................................................................................................6
- 164
Measurement
Groups
...................................................................................................6
- 167
Optimal
Settings for Transient Group
............................................................................................................6 - 168
Options
............................................................................................................6
- 174
Delete
Data
- 174
Data............................................................................................................6
Miner
.................................................................................................................6 - 175
On-line
............................................................................................................6
- 175
IMx/MasCon
Devices
- 175
OPC............................................................................................................6
Servers
............................................................................................................6
- 175
Monitor
Service Viewer
............................................................................................................6
- 176
Relay
Card
............................................................................................................6 - 177
Balancing
...................................................................................................6 - 178
Balance
ICM ...................................................................................................6 - 179
............................................................................................................6
- 181
Event
Log
.................................................................................................................6 - 182
Portables
............................................................................................................6
- 182
Microlog
/ Marlin
............................................................................................................6
- 185
Coded
Notes
.................................................................................................................6 - 186
Window
............................................................................................................6 - 186
Cascade
- 186
Tile ............................................................................................................6
Vertically
- 186
Tile ............................................................................................................6
Horizontally
............................................................................................................6
- 186
Close
All
Help.................................................................................................................6 - 187
............................................................................................................6 - 187
Contents
............................................................................................................6 - 187
Search
............................................................................................................6
- 187
Enter
New License Key
............................................................................................................6
- 187
News
in Observer
- 188
SKF............................................................................................................6
Online Repository
- 190
SKF............................................................................................................6
CMC Homepage
- 190
SKF............................................................................................................6
Reliability Forum
............................................................................................................6 - 190
About
@ptitude Observer User Manual
Observer 9.1, Revision J
TOC-7
Version History
7 - 191
.................................................................................................................7
- 191
@ptitude
Observer 7.0
.................................................................................................................7
- 191
@ptitude
Observer 8.0
.................................................................................................................7
- 193
@ptitude
Observer 8.1
.................................................................................................................7
- 194
@ptitude
Observer 8.2
.................................................................................................................7
- 195
@ptitude
Observer 8.3
.................................................................................................................7
- 197
@ptitude
Observer 8.4
.................................................................................................................7
- 198
@ptitude
Observer 8.5
.................................................................................................................7
- 201
@ptitude
Observer 9.0
.................................................................................................................7
- 202
@ptitude
Observer 9.1
TOC-8
@ptitude Observer User Manual
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Introduction
1
Introduction
@ptitude Observer is a core platform in a family of reliability software applications that
work together as SKF @ptitude Monitoring Suite. It is for data management and
analysis of measurement data for condition monitoring internationally acknowledged for
its versatility, performance and user friendliness.
Figure 1-1: SKF @ptitude Monitoring Suite
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1-9
Introduction
@ptitude Observer is Microsoft Windows® -based and supports all Windows based
systems.
@ptitude Observer supports the following data acquisition devices:
· MasCon16
· MasCon16R
· MasCon48
· MasCon48P
· IMx-B
· IMx-C
· IMx-M
· IMx-P
· IMx-R
· IMx-S
· IMx-T
· IMx-W, WindCon
· RB06
· Marlin
· Microlog CMVA series
· Microlog CMXA 50
· Microlog AX
· Microlog GX
Figure 1-2: SKF @ptitude Observer logical architecture
The operator interface is predominantly based on graphical communication.
Operator input like mechanical machine characteristics are also set up graphically and
all disturbance frequencies are obtained automatically. The system also has tools for
machine diagnostics.
1-10
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Introduction
Communication Possibilities
The communication possibilities are almost unlimited. Standard TCP/IP interface allows
easily adopted communication through TP cable, fiber optics, two-lead copper wire,
wireless LAN, GPRS, ISDN, etc. The system works in a separate network as well as in
an existing factory network. Internet can also be a link between IMx/MasCon devices and
the @ptitude Observer Monitor as well as between the @ptitude Observer Monitor and
@ptitude Observer clients.
Figure 1-3: SKF @ptitude Observer communication possibilities
Remote Monitoring Possibilities
The @ptitude Observer system allows to be close to the vibration analysis expert. With
a @ptitude Observer Monitor and an Internet connection, it is possible to set up
@ptitude Observer clients anywhere in the world.
Figure 1-4: SKF @ptitude Observer remote monitoring possibilities
IMx/MasCon devices are linked to a network which is connected via a modem or LAN to
a @ptitude Observer Monitor connected to an SQL or Oracle database. The @ptitude
Observer Monitor in turn can be connected to e.g. a LAN network. Several @ptitude
Observer clients may be linked to this network. The @ptitude Observer can also be
installed on the same computer as the @ptitude Observer Monitor software.
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1-11
Introduction
Through a general interface such as OPC, it is possible to link the @ptitude Observer
Monitor to an existing control or processing system. The @ptitude Observer Monitor,
@ptitude Observer clients and the database can be separated physically from each
other as long as they are on the same network where ODBC (open database
connectivity) calls can travel freely.
Network Connectivity Requirements
·
Each IMx/MasCon device needs a communication path to the @ptitude Observer
Monitor which must be TCP/IP compatible.
·
The following connection technologies are some of the examples that can be used:
- Fiber optics
- Pair copper wire (<1 Km)
- ADSL (asymmetric digital subscriber line)
- DSL (digital subscriber line)
- Internet
- 128K ISDN (intergrated services digital network) dial-up connection
- GPRS (general pocket radio services)
- Standard Ethernet network
Important - An on-line condition monitoring system like IMx/MasCon together with
@ptitude Observer can only be successfully operated on an installed and tested network
infrastructure. Even though the IMx/MasCon devices as well as the @ptitude Observer
monitor are equipped with several fault tolerant routines and procedures they can
ultimately be only as reliable and effective as the network to which they are connected.
1-12
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Technical Specification
Hardware Connectivity
2
Technical Specification
Hardware Connectivity
· IMx is a series of on-line monitoring systems with dynamic/static inputs, digital
inputs and digital outputs with simultaneous measurement on all channels up to 40
kHz in one 19", 6 U rack. The available number of inputs and outputs varies
depending on the type of the data acquisition device.
· MasCon16 is an on-line monitoring system with 16 dynamic/static inputs, 2 digital
inputs, 4 digital outputs.
· MasCon48 is an on-line monitoring system with 48 channels and 4 configurable
interface cards, also available as a portable device.
· SKF Microlog is a portable data collector for single or multi channel measurements.
· Marlin (machine reliability and inspection) data manager is a portable data collector
dedicated to monitoring plant process and inspection data, and machinery condition
data.
Data Processing
· On-line data acquisition from IMx/MasCon (Ethernet, TCP/IP).
· On-line process data through OPC (object linking and embedding for process
control).
Configuration Features
· Hardware interface settings for each IMx/MasCon device are configured by means
of alarm hysteresis and types of interface cards. Each channel of the hardware is
configured by the type of signal, gain, BIAS voltage limits, and correction factors for
run-out and linearity.
· Measurement points
The following are the measurement point types that can be configured.
Dynamic based measurement points
- Dynamic
- Dynamic, AEE
- Dynamic, Envelope
- Dynamic, Process
- Harmonic
- SEE® (spectral emitted energy)
- Time Waveform Analysis
- Time Waveform Analysis, AEE
Trend based measurement points
- Airgap
- Counter
- Counter rate
- Data tagging
- Derived
- Derived point
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Technical Specification
Configuration Features
- Digital
- Gear inspector
- HFD (high frequency domain)
- Inspection
- MCD
- OPC (object linking and embedding for process control)
- Process
- Running hours
- Shaft centerline
- Speed
- Speed from spectra
- Time difference
- Torsion
Analysis Features
· FFT (fast fourier transform) analysis is the classical way of analyzing vibration data
where the vibration signal is shown as a function of frequency. Frequency ranges
from 0 to 10 Hz up to 0 to 40 kHz and resolutions from 100 to 6 400 lines can be
used.
· DPE (digital peak enveloping) analysis is an excellent method to detect small
impulses such as bearing defect in a noisy environment.
· Bearing database stores geometrical data from approximately 20 000 different
bearings from several different manufactures. It is used for automatic defect
frequency calculation.
· Machine diagnostics expert system uses a rule based diagnostic system for
automatic frequency analysis which gives clear text messages regarding fault type.
· Graphic tool for machine data setup is used to define all mechanical data for defect
frequency calculation as well as machine diagnostics. The whole drive chain is set up
graphically by using drag and drop from a machine component toolbox.
· Run-up/Coast down occurs when a machine is started or stopped. At such
occurrences the system can be configured to store transient data according to the
user defined conditions, like speed variations, set for the actual measurement group.
During transients separate alarm conditions can be applied.
· Time waveform analysis is a smart detection of time waveform signature pattern in
order to identify and prevent error that would normally not be detected by FFT
analysis. The algorithms included are crest factor, kurtosis and skewness.
· Balancing is the on-line balancing of machines especially designed for turbines with
15 planes and 5 states with a maximum of 40 measurement points simultaneously.
· Order tracking analysis is an efficient way to analyze machines with variable speed.
The rotation frequency is tracked for revolution of the machine
2-14
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Technical Specification
User Interfaces
User Interfaces
· Hierarchy view shows machines and their measurement points in a tree structured
hierarchy with corresponding status for each object. The hierarchy can display data
from several databases at the same time.
· System view shows the status from a hardware point of view which is based on
IMx/MasCon devices, sensors and measurement points. It also shows communication
status.
· Workspace is a hierarchy view of user selected machine(s). It is an individual work
space to keep track of only the machines for which the user is responsible. A
workspace can only span over one single database.
· Diagram overview allows the user to save all the settings of a graphic diagram
including selection of measurement points as well as buffer settings.This is to be
able to have predefined views of the data.
· Protection overview allows the user to have an overview of all the Protection
devices and their status. It is also possible to synchronize the settings with the
Protection device.
Graphic Displays
Any graphic display can be set in live mode and be updated whenever possible. The
update rate is determined by the setup and time involved in capturing the actual data.
· Spectra shows the vibration amplitude as a function of frequency.
· Time waveform shows the vibration magnitude as a function of time and gives
you the possibility to listen to the signal if a sound card has been installed in the
computer.
· Phase displays the binary representation of phase data for the time waveform
from -180 to 180 degrees.
· History displays historical data in a combined plot for spectra, time waveform and
phase.
· 3D Plot illustrates vibration spectra or envelopes as a function of time, shaft
speed, power, temperature, torque or any other DC parameter.
· Topology illustrates frequency spectra versus speed or time by using color
separation.
· Orbit displays the shaft orbital movement by using signals from two
perpendicularly mounted transducers.
· Profile uses triggered acceleration time signal data to represent an un-roundness
of any circular object.
· Gear inspector is used to visualize the impact energy as a function of shaft/gear
revolutions.
· Trend shows vibration amplitude/phase or process data as a function of time,
speed or other process data.
· Bode plot shows any type of data such as vibration amplitude/phase or process
data as a function of speed.
· Trend list shows vibration amplitude/phase or process data as a function of time,
speed or other process data as Trend but in a list.
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2-15
Technical Specification
Graphic Displays
· Multi trend overlays data from several measurement sources in a combined
trend and bar graph. It is also possible to view data as a function of any of the
other selected points.
· Diagnosis shows the built-in prognostic and historic fault detection algorithm
calculations.
· Polar shows the vibration signal at 1, 2, 3 and 4 times the shaft speed in the
complex domain.
· Shaft centerline displays shaft movement inside a bearing.
· Airgap displays the gap for each sensor, the eccentricity and ovality of the
machine.
· Combination plots facilitates the analysis by combining displays into one graph
showing related data.
Alarm
There are a variety of alarm features such as level alarm, trend alarm, vector alarm,
diagnostics alarm, and circle alarm. Upon alarm, notifications can be automatically sent
to the designated user(s) by e-mail or SMS (short message service).
· Speed dependent alarm conditions can be up to 15 primary alarms for each
measurement point. These alarms can be at a fixed frequency, fixed frequency
range, speed dependent frequency or speed dependent frequency range.
· Speed or load dependent alarm level can be fixed or set as a function of
shaft speed or any DC measurement point for each alarm level. For each alarm
condition there are two alarm levels for vibration measurement points and four
alarm levels for DC measurement points.
· Alarm group can be created if a user wishes to collect data from other
measurement points. When an alarm is raised the measurement data at that
measurement point is saved in the database. If one of the measurement points in
the alarm group generates an alarm, data on all the measurement points in that
alarm group will be saved.
Report
PDF-based and Word reports containing alarm lists, notes, manual conclusions, trend
data, diagnosis reports and condition monitoring statistics can be produced by Report
Wizard.
System Integrity
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
2-16
System alarms via e-mail, relays or SMS messages.
User defined system privileges and preferences for each individual user.
Database management tool for database backup and database replication.
Automatic hardware serial number verification.
Error logs.
Tracking of TCP/IP communication package errors.
Hardware sequence number tracking.
Missing data alarm
@ptitude Observer User Manual
Observer 9.1, Revision J
Getting Started
3
Getting Started
To start @ptitude Observer select a language first at "Select language" screen.
If you have not registered your copy of @ptitude Observer yet, the "Unregistered version
of Observer" screen will appear for you to take a necessary action.
If you click on Enter license key button the "License Key" screen will appear for you to
enter the license key. You may continue the session by clicking on Continue
unregistered button. However, you will be prompted by the Enter license key screen
time to time throughout the session until you register the product.
Note that once you have done the selection of language and the license key, the selected
language and the license key are saved and will not be required to enter them again.
Next time you start @ptitude Observer you will be prompted to select a database to be
connected.
Database Connection
In order to run @ptitude Observer, a database must be connected. Refer to Manage
Databases under File in Menu Items section.
Logon
Figure 3-5: Observer Logon
A default user called "admin" with the password "admin" can be used to start the
system. However, It is strongly recommended to create individual user accounts for
those who have the access to the system. It is necessary to have individual user
accounts and rights in order to keep track of configuration changes.
The system will remember the user name and the password if Remember me checkbox
is marked.
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3-17
Getting Started
DASHBOARD
DASHBOARD
After a successful logon, "DASHBOARD" screen will provide Notifications, News Feed
and Message Center interfaces.
Refer to Dashboard under Show in Menu Items section.
3-18
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System Configuration
4
System Configuration
This chapter describes the configuration of @ptitude Observer, how to get the analysis
work started quickly and how @ptitude Observer works as a condition monitoring
system.
The configuration of @ptitude Observer is usually performed when the system is
installed, however changes can be easily made.
Prior to analyzing measurement data, @ptitude Observer must be configured according
to the particular plant and its machinery. It is important that all machine parts as well as
measurement points are located at the correct positions.
Recommended System Configurations
To get a system up and running properly the following system configurations shall
be covered.
·
Build a hierarchy view by creating necessary plants, mills and machines in
order to organize your condition monitoring.
·
Define hardware devices such as input boards, sensors, signal characteristics,
etc. for each device and channel.
·
Define machine parts by defining the drive line for each machine. All shafts,
bearings, gear wheels, drive belts, impellers along with other machine parts,
are connected to a drive line. Based on these inputs the system can calculate
all defect frequencies within the whole machine.
·
Set up measurement points and alarms in order to get the data into the
system. For on-line systems such as MasCon, you can define multiple
measurement points per channel if needed.
·
Build a process overview on on-line condition monitoring systems which can
allow you to view live data as they are coming in. IMx/MasCon devices allow you
to measure and send data faster than other on-line data acquisition devices.
@ptitude Observer allows to create user defined displays with measurement
points and links to other displays on top of graphic pictures like drawings,
digital photos, etc.
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4-19
System Configuration
Building a Hierarchy View
Building a Hierarchy View
The idea behind the hierarchy view is to achieve a logical grouping of all the
measurements and their positions related to one another.
The hierarchy view consists of the following attributes:
·
·
·
·
·
Database
Node
Machine
Sub machine
Meas. point
Database
Database is the logical top level of the hierarchy view with nodes, machines, sub
machines, measurement points, machine parts and machine properties underneath.
The main database gets added to the hierarchy view as a top level when a database is
selected from the list of registered database connection on local computer via
Connections interface under Manage databases in File menu item.
External databases can be added to the hierarchy view as a top level via Add external
database interface in FIle menu item.
Node
Node is a logical grouping of machines which can be a top node or located within any
other nodes. The number and level of nodes are unlimited.
Creating a Node
·
First select a node or a database in which a node is to be added in the
hierarchy view.
·
Click on the right mouse button, select Add, then Node.
·
On the properties screen, enter the name of the node and its description.
Figure 4-6: @ptitude Observer create a node
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Building a Hierarchy View
Machine
Machine
Machine is located in a particular node, e.g. Fan 2, Pump 3a, etc.
Creating a Machine
There are different ways to create a machine.
1.
First select a node or a database in which a machine is to be added.
2.
Click on the right mouse button, select Add, then Machine.
Figure 4-7: @ptitude Observer create a machine
·
Creating a machine from scratch
-
·
Creating a machine from a template
-
·
Click on From machine template.
Choose a template from the drop-down list.
Clicking Ok will bring you to Machine Copy Wizard to help you with the
process of copying a machine to a new location. Refer to Machine
Copy Wizard in System Configuration.
Creating a machine by copying an existing machine
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Click on Blank machine, then Ok.
Enter the machine properties in General and Extended Information
screens. Refer to Machine Properties under Creating IMx/MasCon
Devices and Channels in System Configuration.
Click on Existing machine, and select a machine from the displayed
hierarchy view.
Follow the instructions at Machine Copy Wizard section in System
Configuration.
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System Configuration
Building a Hierarchy View
Sub Machine
Sub Machine
Sub machine is a part of a machine.
Creating a Sub machine
1.
First select a machine in which a sub machine is to be added in the hierarchy
view.
2.
Click on the right mouse button, select Add, then Sub machine.
Figure 4-8: @ptitude Observer create a sub machine
·
On the properties screen, enter the name of the sub machine and its
description.
Meas. Point
Meas. point is a measurement that should be conducted on a machine. Here a type of
sensor, position of sensor, resolution, frequency range, etc. are specified.
Creating Measurement Points
Refer to Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms in System Configuration.
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Creating IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels
This section shows you how to set up and edit IMx/MasCon devices and their
corresponding channel layouts for the selected database.
Channels must be initiated before they can be assigned with measurement points.
The number of channels is dependent of the device type. (This applies to a Slot of an
IMx-M device)
· Each WindCon or MasCon16 device has 16 channels of the vibration/analogue
type and 2 channels of the speed/digital type.
· An IMx device or an IMx-M Slot has 16 dynamic/analogue channels and 8 digital
channels. IMx-M device can have up to 4 Slots.
· Each fully equipped MasCon48 device has 32 channels of the vibration/analogue
type and 16 channels of the speed/digital type.
NOTE: The available maximum number of active channels (sum of all analogue,
digital and virtual channels) for an IMx device is 64.
To get to IMx/MasCon devices screen:
1.
First click on On-line on the toolbar.
2.
Select IMx/MasCon devices.
Figure 4-9: Example of @ptitude Observer IMx/MasCon devices
Select a database first.
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System Configuration
Creating IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels
Initiate
Initiate
Initiate function allows to initiate a new device for the selected database.
Figure 4-10: Example of @ptitude Observer IMx Initiate
The following attributes are available to initiate a device. Note that different attributes
are available depending on the type and model of the device you have selected.
·
Number is a unique number of the device.
·
Model is the model of IMx device you are configuring.
·
Name is a free text name that can be used to identify the device.
·
Enabled indicates the status of the device whether it is enabled (if checked) or
disabled.
·
Serial no. (available for IMx/MasCon16 only) displays the serial no that this device
should have. This is to enforce data integrity.
When a device is set up it will get the serial number "0".
When a device connects for the first time, the serial number of that device will
be stored automatically in the database.
The next time any device connects with the specific device number the device is
challenged for a serial number match. If serial numbers mismatch the device is
not allowed to connect to the monitor service and a system alarm will be
generated to the user.
If the device is replaced or the CPU board of the device is replaced it is
necessary that the serial number is reset by clicking the reset button.
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·
Reference time is a parameter that can be used to spread out workload in
@ptitude Observer environment by setting the execution time of daily-based work.
·
Timeout comm (communication) is an interval of time in minutes used to generate
a system alarm if there was no communication between the device and the
@ptitude Observer Monitor for the duration of the given interval of time.
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Initiate
·
Connection interval is an interval of time in hours when a connection should be
established between a IMx/MasCon16 device and @ptitude Observer Monitor. It is
used, for example when using ISDN (integrated services digital network) routers.
·
External communication type is available for MasCon16 and IMx devices. It is to
configure the functionality of the selected external communication type on the
device.
-
-
·
Type: can be None, Modbus, Modbus/RTU, MVB, TSI, Protection or Vogel. The
available types vary depending on the type and model of the selected device.
Note that if type is set to Protection, then the virtual channel functionality will
not be available.
Bps: defines the speed of Modbus.
Parity: provides Modbus data validation which can be set to No Parity, Odd
Parity or Even Parity.
Stop bits: defines the number of stop bits in use for Modbus. It can be 1 or 2.
Mode: is either Modbus Slave or Modbus Master.
Slave address: is the Modbus slave address with which the Modbus master
communicates. Therefore, it is important to have the common Slave address
for the Modbus master-slave pair.
Parameter: is application specific and is required only for MVB, TSI and
Protection types.
Interface card is a hardware configuration card which is required for MasCon48
only. Four different cards can be selected and each card has 8 channels.
-
AC/DC 25 V: for analogue inputs e.g. when a device is equipped with Bentley
probes.
AC/DC 15 V: for analogue inputs e.g. when a device is equipped with
accelerometers.
DC: for a device with temperature and pressure sensors.
DC Isol (isolated): for a device with an external signal as an input e.g. motor
load.
·
System log is a record containing all the historical configuration changes made to
the device.
·
Edit TSI Config is available for IMx-R devices only. It allows to configure IMx-R TSI
part and MVB. For more information, refer to "IMx-R User Manual".
Edit
Edit function allows you to change settings of an existing device of the selected
database. The definitions of attributes are the same as in Initiate in Creating
IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels from above. You may edit any settings except
Number field.
The following attribute is available only for Edit function:
·
Convert to IMx converts an existing MaxCon16 to an IMx device.
NOTE that after the conversion, the device type cannot be reversed.
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Delete
Delete
Delete function allows you to delete an existing device of the selected database.
However, before a device can be deleted, all the attached measurement points to the
device must be deleted first.
Copy
Copy function allows to copy all the settings of an existing device to a new device.
However, you must select a unique device number for the new device from the list of
system generated numbers.
Synchronize
Synchronize function allows to synchronize the IMx/MasCon device of the selected
database by sending a newly generated, complete setup file from the local database
where setup changes are stored to a remote device such as a remote controlled
IMx/MasCon16 device. The transmission is done by the @ptitude Observer Monitor
program. If this fails because of an error or a lack of time, then the IMx/MasCon device
will be indicated as not synchronized. Not synchronized means that the system is yet to
download the newer setup to the device.
Restart
Restart function forces the device to perform a self diagnostics boot-up stage and
reinitialize all the channels and setup information.
Set Time
Set time function allows to set up a time on a IMx/MasCon16 device of the selected
database and adjust any incorrect date and time. Since IMx/MasCon16 devices do not
use local computer time, this function is the way to synchronize devices' time to that of
the computer from where the function was executed.
Connections
Connections function produces a log of connection histories of the device. The log can
be used to solve intermediate connection problems for an IMx/MasCon device.
There are different types of messages:
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·
Comm. error: indicates that a communication error exists. It can be that the
communication between the device and the @ptitude Observer Monitor is not
stable or is unreliable.
·
Unknown: indicates that the @ptitude Observer Monitor software has been closed
down unexpectedly e.g. because of a power loss of the @ptitude Observer Monitor.
·
@ptitude Observer Monitor restart: indicates that the @ptitude Observer Monitor
software has been closed normally.
·
MasCon restart: indicates that the IMx/MasCon device has been restarted
normally.
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Measurement Points
Measurement Points
Meas. points function allows to change the enabled status of measurement points from
the list of all measurement points available on the selected device. This is a useful
function especially for MasCon48 Portable system to be able to change the status of
measurement points using the same channels.
Figure 4-11: Example of @ptitude Observer measurement points status
You can enable or disable individual measurement point by checking or un-checking
each box. You can also change the status of all the measurement points at once by
using Enable all or Disable all buttons.
NOTE:
The maximum active measurement points per 16 channel device (also apply to an
IMx-M Slot) is 100 points.
The maximum active vibration measurement points per 16 channel device (also apply
to an IMx-M Slot) is 80 points.
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System Configuration
Creating IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels
Connect
Connect
Connect function is used to connect an IMx/MasCon16 device to the @ptitude Observer
Monitor within the assigned duration of time (in minutes). This can be useful when you
would like to change the configuration or check vibration data of the device before the
next scheduled connection time.
Figure 4-12: Example of @ptitude Observer forced connection
To communicate with the device between scheduled connections, the connection must
be established manually from the server side through @ptitude Observer.
IMx/MasCon16 devices initiate communication to @ptitude Observer Monitor on TCP
port 1000 which is the default port. However, do not confuse this with the @ptitude
Observer Monitor port (configured through Observer On-line Device Configurator).
For example, use port forwarding to access devices behind a router;
·
·
·
11.22.33.44 port 1001 ---> 10.0.0.101 port 1000 for IMx #1
11.22.33.44 port 1002 ---> 10.0.0.102 port 1000 for IMx #2
11.22.33.44 port 1003 ---> 10.0.0.103 port 1000 for IMx #3
IP Configuration
IP Config. function allows to send a network configuration file to the selected
IMx/MasCon16 device. The configuration file is generated by @ptitude Observer
IMx/MasCon16 Configurator. To create an IP configuration that can be sent to a DAD
(data acquisition device), the tool called On-line Device Configurator should be used. It is
available in the Observer installation package and can be started from the start menu if
it is installed. For more information, refer to "On-line Device Configurator User Manual".
4-20 mA Output
4-20 mA output can be configured for IMx-T. Channels can be initiated or edited with
corresponding values of 4 to 20 mA along with an existing measurement point.
More information can be found in "IMx-T User Manual".
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Firmware
Firmware
Firmware function opens up the firmware interface for the database where it is possible
to add and update firmware for the different types of data acquisition devices available
in @ptitude Observer such as IMx, MasCon16 and MasCon48.
The firmware is automatically sent to the DAD when the DAD connects to the @ptitude
Observer Monitor software next time. This means that it is not necessary to go through
every DAD and upgrade it manually. If you want to force all DAD to upgrade the
firmware immediately, simply restart the @ptitude Observer Monitor software and force
a restart of DAD by clicking on Restart as described in Restart in Creating IMx/MasCon
Devices and Channels.
Figure 4-13: Example of @ptitude Observer Private Firmware
Private firmware can be used in order to try a new firmware on a single device or a
few devices.
It is mostly used to try out new firmware progressively before applying the
firmware across all devices or to try features specifically designed for specific
application.
Private firmware overrides normal firmware.
In order to utilize this interface, Enable Private Firmware box has to be checked.
Once the box is checked, private firmware settings can be added or deleted for the
selected online devices.
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Analogue Channels
Analogue Channels
Analogue channels interface provides a list of all the initiated analogue channels of the
selected device along with their settings. It also allows to initiate new analogue channels
and edit, copy and delete any existing analogue channel from the list.
A channel is equal to a sensor input. Note that in order to be able to initiate or edit a
channel, the device to which the channel will belong must be initiated and configured
first.
Initiating an Analogue Channel
Select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon devices, then click on Initiate in the
analogue channels window.
Figure 4-14: Example of @ptitude Observer initiate an analogue channel
General Tab
· MasCon is the name of the selected device (not editable).
· Number is a unique number for the physical input channel or virtual channel on
the device you would like to configure.
Virtual channels are 3-digit numbers.The correspondence between virtual channel
numbers and data can be found in the following:
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Ø
For IMx /MasCon16 Modbus virtual channels, refer to "Modbus with
IMx/MasCon16 User Manual".
Ø
For IMx-R CM virtual channels, refer to CM Virtual Channels in "IMx-R User
Manual".
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Analogue Channels
Ø
For IMx-M CM virtual channels when transferring data from Protection part to
CM part see the table below. Note that if this device's External communication
type was set to Protection when initiating the device, then this functionality is
not available.
IMx-M Protection Part Channel
Analog Virtual Channel Number
Analog channel 1
101
¯
¯
Analog channel 16
116
Analog channel 1 - DC GAP
117
¯
¯
Analog channel 16 - DC GAP
132
Table 4-1: Mapping of IMx-M CM virtual channels
Note that the parameter values of E.U. and minimum and maximum scale
values of Calculation have to reflect the parameter values of the
corresponding protection channel. This Protection part channel must have
been configured already through IMx-M Manager.
Important - The minimum and maximum scale values of Calculation in CM part
must always be symmetrical.
Even if an asymmetrical scale was set up for a Protection part channel, the
corresponding virtual channel in CM part must have a symmetrical scale. In
such case, CM part should use the greater value of the two absolute values
(absolute value of minimum and maximum) to set the symmetrical scale
value.
Example 1:
Protection part channel has the scale min and max set up as -100 and
200.
The corresponding virtual channel in CM part must have the scale min
and max set up as -200 and 200.
Example 2:
Protection part channel has the scale min and max set up as -300 and
100.
The corresponding virtual channel in CM part must have the scale min
and max set up as -300 and 300.
In order to set up an IMx- M CM analogue virtual channel DC GAP, set E.U. to
mV and Sensitivity to 1.
· Name of the channel can be used as a reference by the software.
· Enabled indicates the status of the channel whether it is enabled or disabled..
· Isolated is used for external signals such as measuring process parameters for
MasCon16 device's channels 15 and 16. In order to perform this function,
uncheck ICP Current feed, then check Isolated.
· ICP Current feed Indicates whether you would like the MasCon16 device to drive
the probe or not (normally on accelerometers only). For MasCon48 devices, this is
done by dip switches on each channel on the vibration/analogue card.
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Analogue Channels
· Sensor type is a sensor signal type which can be selected from the drop-down
list.
· E.U. (Engineering Unit) is a measurement device which can be set only if sensor
signal is set to Other, e.g. a pressure sensor.
· Trans. angle is the angle of the sensor mounted on a device , relative to twelve
o'clock.
· Current shunt is available for Mx-W device's channel 15 and 16, IMx-T, IMx-S,
and IMx-M. If a resistor of 220 ohm is added to a channel input, check this field in
order to display the correct input device of a particular channel.
· Cable check will raise a system alarm from a cable fault if the signal goes outside
of the range.
-
Enabled: check the box to allow the system to perform a cable check on the
channel before a measurement is taken.
Min: the minimum output range of the sensor.
Max: the maximum output range of the sensor.
Time: the duration of the cable check measurement.
· Sensitivity and Zero level are properties of the sensor which also can be
calculated by filling in the lower part of the screen and pressing Calculate button.
-
Sensitivity: specifies the volt or amp ratio to the measurement device.
Zero level: which value in volt or amp should be equal to zero in the
measurement device.
Correction Tab
You have the possibility to compensate the sensor faults with four different frequencies
under transaction correction. This function is mostly used for MasCon48 turbine
monitoring.
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Frequency: four frequencies needed for correction.
Phase: phase value for each frequency.
Amplitude: amplitude for each frequency.
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Analogue Channels
Editing an Analogue Channel
1. First select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon devices to get the list of all the
corresponding analogue channels.
2. Select a channel to edit, then click on Edit.
All the fields in edit mode are the same as in Initiating an Analogue Channel from
above.
You may edit any setting except MasCon, Number, Sensor type and E.U. attributes.
Deleting an Analogue Channel
1. First select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon devices to get the list of all the
corresponding analogue channels.
2. Select a channel to delete, then click on Delete.
Note that a channel cannot be deleted if it is in use by measurement point(s).
Copying an Analogue Channel
1. First select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon device to get the list of all the
corresponding analogue channels.
2. Select a channel to copy to a new channel, then click on Copy.
3. Choose a channel number for the new channel from the drop-down list, then click
on Ok.
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Creating IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels
Digital Channels
Digital Channels
Digital channels interface provides a list of all the configured digital channels of the
selected device along with their settings. It also allows to initiate new digital channels
and edit, copy and delete any existing digital channel from the list.
Initiating a Digital Channel
Select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon devices, then click on Initiate in the digital
channels window.
Figure 4-15: Example of @ptitude Observer initiate a digital channel
· MasCon is the name of the selected IMx/MasCon device (not editable).
· Number is a unique number for the physical input channel or virtual channel on the
device you would like to configure. Virtual channels are 3-digit numbers.
ü The correspondence between MasCon16 Modbus virtual channel numbers and
data can be found in "Modbus with IMx/MasCon16 User Manual".
ü The correspondence between IMx-M virtual channel numbers and data is as the
following table. Note that if this device's External communication type was set to
Protection when initiating the device, then this functionality is not available.
Protection Part Channel
Digital Virtual Channel
Number
Digital channel 1
101
¯
¯
Digital channel 8
108
Table 4-2: Mapping of IMx-M Protection part channels to digital virtual channels
· Name is the name of the channel which the software can use as a reference.
· Enabled indicates the status of the channel whether it is enabled or disabled.
Enabled status activates the channel for measurement points.
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Digital Channels
· Pulses/rev. is the number of pulses this device receives per shaft revolution.
· Trans. angle is the angle of the sensor mounted, relative to twelve o'clock.
· Sensor feed indicates whether to do a sensor feed or not.
Editing a Digital Channel
1. First select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon devices to get the list of all the
corresponding digital channels.
2. Select a channel to edit, then click on Edit.
All the fields in edit mode are the same as in Initiating a Digital Channel from above.
You may edit any setting except MasCon and Number attributes.
Deleting a Digital Channel
1. First select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon devices to get the list of all the
corresponding digital channels.
2. Select a channel to delete, then click on Delete.
Note that a channel cannot be deleted if it is in use by measurement point(s).
Copying a Digital Channel
1. Select a device from the list of IMx/MasCon devices to get the list of all the
corresponding digital channels.
2. Select an existing channel to copy to a new channel, then click on Copy.
3. Choose a channel number for the new channel from the drop-down list, then click
on Ok.
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Machine Properties
Machine Properties
Setting up machine data can be done at the machine properties screen. This
information is only text based and is not used by analysis tools in @ptitude Observer.
However, this information can be included in reports and other printouts.
To get to machine properties screen, perform one of the following options:
· Create a machine from scratch. Refer to Machine under Building a Hierarchy View in
System Configuration.
· Click on the right mouse button on a machine in the hierarchy view, then select
Properties.
· Select a machine in the hierarchy view first, click Edit on the toolbar, then select
Properties.
· Select a machine in the hierarchy view first, then click
toolbar.
Properties icon on the
General Tab
Figure 4-16: Example of @ptitude Observer general machine properties
· Enter name, description, machine code, and ISO (international organization for
standardization) class.
· The ISO classes are based on SS-ISO 2372 (vibration and impact basic rules for
vibration evaluation).
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Machine Properties
Extended Information Tab
Figure 4-17: Example of @ptitude Observer extended machine properties
· Enter manufacture information, type and serial number of each driving device, driven
device and transmission.
· Enter coupling information of each driving device and driven device.
· Enter power information on driving device.
· Enter gear information on transmission.
· Contact can be used to set a contact or receiver for this particular machine. The
contact can be used for general information, who to contact when there is a problem
with the machine. It can also be used in Event Cases reports.
The contact information is selected from the receiver library. For more information
refer to Receivers under Libraries within Database menu item.
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Machine Properties
Diagnoses Tab
Diagnoses tab setting allows to assign any diagnosis you want to use for the selected
machine. Diagnoses are attached to machines by pre-defined diagnosis rules.To find out
how to create diagnosis rules, refer to Diagnosis Rules under Database in Menu Items.
Each machine diagnosis that has been attached to a machine uses one or more
measurement points as data input.
Figure 4-18: Example of @ptitude Observer diagnoses settings
· Name identifies each diagnosis.
· Private Privately attached diagnoses do not have a link to any diagnosis rules.
· High alarm / High warning / Low warning / Low alarm are the alarm/warning level
set in the diagnosis rules when configuring a diagnosis. Refer to Diagnosis Rules
under Database in Menu Items.
· Edit allows to edit settings of the selected diagnosis. Refer to Diagnosis Rules under
Database in Menu Items section for the description of settings.
· Remove allows to delete the selected diagnosis from the list of diagnoses.
· Attach allows to add a diagnosis from a list of diagnoses.
Attachments Tab
Attachments are simply a file, any file, that can be attached and stored with the selected
machine. It can be a .PDF file, Word report or even a MP3 file.
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Machine Properties
Advanced Tab
Conditional activation can be used to activate or deactivate measurements on the
machine depending on a conditional input. The type of conditional input is an OPC Data
tagging measurement point. This is particularly useful in test-bench monitoring where
machine individuals and/or machine types (e.g. gearbox individuals or gearbox types)
needs to be tracked in a test-bench environment.
To use the conditional activation, an OPC data tagging measurement point needs to be
created and collect data from a specific OPC tag from an OPC Server.
When conditional activation is used on a machine and the tag value changes, it can take
up to 30 seconds until the machine has been activated or deactivated.
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Creating OPC Server and OPC Channels
Creating OPC Server and OPC Channels
OPC stands for object linking and embedding (OLE) for process control. It is an open,
flexible, and plug-and-play software communication standard for modular software
inter-operability in the automation industry. OPC is a specification that has been
developed by a team of more than 120 different companies to produce an efficient
specification for data/information standardization.
OPC server enables the software such as @ptitude Observer, to route its data to OPC
server. In return, OPC server stores and shares data that are from all the OPC clients.
Generally there are two different generations of OPC, OPC (which is generally referred
to as Standard OPC) and OPC UA.
There are two ways of working with OPC in conjunction with SKF @ptitude Observer.
Ø Using the Internal Built-in OPC Server
In the @ptitude Observer Monitoring suite, there is a built-in OPC UA Server in the
monitor service component. It can, if enabled, automatically publish all data that
@ptitude Observer system captures.
Ø Using External OPC Servers
To be able to use OPC servers in the @ptitude Observer, you need to set up a
configuration for the available OPC servers in the @ptitude Observer, so that the
@ptitude Observer Monitor service can recognize the OPC servers.
Not only can the @ptitude Observer Monitor handle IMx/MasCon devices, but it can
also be the logical data gatherer/distributor for OPC. Therefore, you do not have to
have the @ptitude Observer running in order to use OPC in your application.
However, you do need to set up OPC servers and OPC channels in the @ptitude
Observer while the @ptitude Observer Monitor is connected to the @ptitude
Observer.
The following steps are an overview of the procedure using external OPC servers:
1. Install your OPC server and set up tags correctly according to your OPC manual.
2. In @ptitude Observer, create a connection to OPC server by adding OPC server as
shown in Adding an OPC Server, below.
3. In @ptitude Observer, create OPC channels to the OPC server you created in step
2 by adding OPC channels as shown in Creating OPC Channels, below.
Warning: When using DBCS (double byte character set) operating systems, both the OPC
server and the @ptitude Observer Monitor computer have to use DBCS. DBCS is the
character set used by Korean, Chinese, Japanese Windows, etc.
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Internal OPC Server
Internal OPC Server
To Configure the Built-in OPC Server in Observer
· Click on On-line on the toolbar, then select OPC Servers and select to configure
Internal OPC Server
Figure 4-19: Example of @ptitude Observer Internal OPC server
When enabled, the Internal OPC Server will automatically publish the latest
measurement for all measurement points that have been captured with the @ptitude
Observer system, in addition it is also possible to configure custom tags that can be
used. The custom tags can be used by other OPC Clients to communicate data to and
from the server but the Observer system will not modify or use the data of these tags.
· Enabled indicates the status of the OPC server whether it is enabled or disabled.
· Publish selects which type of data that should be published. The option is to publish
trend data or trend data and dynamic data. dynamic data are FFT, Time waveform
etc.
· Base port defines the base communication port for the internal OPC Server.
The default setting is 62 550. If it is set to the default it will use the base port and
the base port plus 1 when the Internal OPC Server starts. Which means that the
Internal OPC Server will communicate on port 62 550 and 62 551.
Usually the base port does not need to be changed. However, in the scenario of when
62 550 or 62 551 is used by another application on the same computer or in the
scenario of running several monitor services on the same computer with the OPC
Server enabled, the base port needs to be changed.
· Add node adds a folder to the custom tag hierarchy.
· Add tag adds a custom tag to the custom tag hierarchy.
· Remove removes the custom selected tag or the selected folder.
· Properties brings up the configuration for the custom selected tag or the selected
folder
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System Configuration
Creating OPC Server and OPC Channels
External OPC Servers
External OPC Servers
To Configure External OPC Servers in Observer:
Click on On-line on the toolbar, then select OPC Servers and select to configure
External OPC Servers.
Adding an OPC Server
Click on Add in the OPC Servers window.
Figure 4-20: Example of @ptitude Observer add an OPC server
· Name is the name you want to use for this OPC server registration.
· Server type specifies whether this server is an OPC or OPC UA server.
· Enabled indicates the status of the OPC server whether it is enabled or disabled.
· Computer/IP is the computer name or IP number for which the OPC server is
located.
· Search is a tool to get a list of OPC servers on a specified computer for the @ptitude
Observer Monitor.
· Available OPC Servers is the result of search setting.
· Selected OPC server is the pre-defined name of the OPC server that you are using
which is not editable.
· Scan interval is the scan time interval in seconds. The @ptitude Observer Monitor
uses it to scan the OPC server for current values. Default is 10 seconds which means
that the @ptitude Observer Monitor checks for the current values of the OPC server
every ten seconds.
· System log is a record containing all the setup activities which can be useful when
investigating or tracking changes made during the setup.
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Creating OPC Server and OPC Channels
External OPC Servers
Editing an OPC Server
Click on Edit in the OPC servers window. The settings available for editing an OPC
server are the same as in Adding an OPC Server from above.
Removing an OPC Server
Select an OPC server from the list of OPC servers, then click on Remove in the OPC
servers window. It allows to remove an OPC server from the list.
Creating OPC Channels
Select an OPC server you wish to use from the list of OPC servers, then click on Add
in OPC channels window.
Figure 4-21: Example of @ptitude Observer create an OPC channel
· OPC Server is the name of OPC server you selected in the previous screen. This
value is not editable.
· Channel name is the name you want to use for this OPC channel.
· Enabled indicates the status of the channel whether it is enabled or disabled.
· Type
- Input: a channel that sends data from an OPC server to @ptitude Observer.
- Output: a channel that sends data from the @ptitude Observer to an OPC server
and subsequently to another system.
· Source specifies which measurement point to retrieve data values from @ptitude
Observer and send data to the OPC server. It is available only when the type is set to
Output.
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Creating OPC Server and OPC Channels
External OPC Servers
· Data type is available only when the type is set to Output.
- Overall: sends the overall value to the OPC tag on the OPC server.
- Status: (advanced) sends the bitwise internal status of the measurement point to
the OPC tag on the OPC server.
· Tag is the unique tag name specified by the OPC server vendor that you wish to use.
Note that tags have to be created in the OPC server itself. For further information on
how to create tags in OPC server, refer to your OPC server's manual.
Once OPC input channels have been created, the next step is to create OPC
measurement points for them. To do this, refer to Setting up Measurement Points and
Alarms in System Configuration.
The most common problem when troubleshooting connections to OPC servers is the
security. OPC makes use of DCOM which can be quite difficult to configure if you are not
familiar with it. Ask your IT-personnel to assist you when setting up the OPC
configuration.
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External OPC Servers
OPC Server Status Tag Value
Each OPC server status tag displays its status icon along with its numeric value.
When multiple statues exist on a measurement point at the same time, the icon of the
most priority will be displayed. The priority list of status for measurement points is
listed in Priority List of Status under Tree View in System Operation chapter.
As an example, if you have Vector Alarm and Trend Alarm at the same time, then the
Alarm icon,
, will
be showing along with the numeric value of 8449.
8449 = 1 (Ok) + 256 (Trend Alarm) + 8192 (Vector Alarm)
Icon
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Numeric
Value
Description
0
Unknown indicates that the measurement data are
missing for the measurement point and the system is
unable to determine the condition of the machine. This is
the default status for new measurement points.
1
Ok indicates that the measurement point has no known
problems. Data coming in are valid and reside within the
specified active range and measurement range. Alarm
levels are specified for the measurement point and the
data are within the specified alarm and warning levels.
2
Not measured indicates that the measurement data are
missing for the measurement point and the system is
unable to determine the condition of the machine. This is
the default status for new measurement points.
4
Low Warning acknowledged indicates that this
measurement point has received values that triggered a
low warning and the status has been confirmed. After new
data have been stored in the database, the measurement
point will release the warning status.
8
High Warning acknowledged indicates that this
measurement point has received values that triggered a
high warning and the status has been confirmed. After new
data have been stored in the database, the measurement
point will release the warning status.
16
Low Alarm acknowledged indicates that this
measurement point has received values that triggered a
low alarm and the alarm status has been confirmed. After
new data have been stored in the database, the
measurement point will release the alarm status.
32
High Alarm acknowledged indicates that this
measurement point has received values that triggered a
high alarm and the alarm status has been confirmed. After
new data have been stored in the database, the
measurement point will release the alarm status.
64
Low Warning active indicates that this measurement
point has received values that triggered a low warning.
128
High Warning active indicates that this measurement
point has received values that triggered an high warning.
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OPC Server Status Tag Value
Icon
4-46
Numeric
Value
Description
256
High Alarm active indicates that this measurement point
has received values that triggered an high alarm.
512
Low Alarm active indicates that this measurement point
has received values that triggered a low alarm.
1024
Outside measurement range indicates that the values
coming from this measurement point are outside of the
acceptance range. The bias on the channel is Ok but the
produced values are too high or too low. The measurement
range is set in the active range condition field with
minimum and maximum values of the trend settings of
measurement points.
2048
Cable fault indicates that the device has detected a cable
fault on the channel of which this measurement point uses.
The detection is done by bias ranges which are set in the
cable check field under the setting analogue channels
section for the devices.
4096
Not active indicates that the measurement point is
disabled and is on hold. No data will be collected for this
measurement point.
8192
Vector Alarm active indicates that this measurement point
has received values that triggered a vector alarm.
16384
Vector Warning active indicates that this measurement
point has received values that triggered a vector warning.
32768
Vector Alarm acknowledged indicates that this
measurement point has received values that triggered a
vector alarm and the status has been confirmed. After new
data have been stored in the database, the measurement
point will release the alarm status.
65536
Vector Warning acknowledged indicates that this
measurement point has received values that triggered a
vector warning and the status has been confirmed. After
new data have been stored in the database, the
measurement point will release the alarm status.
262133
Pre/Post data capture in progress
1048576
Trip in progress
8388608
Relation Alarm active indicates that this measurement
point has received values that triggered a relation alarm.
16777216
Relation Alarm acknowledged indicates that this
measurement point has received values that triggered a
relation alarm and the status has been confirmed. After
new data have been stored in the database, the
measurement point will release the alarm status.
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OPC Server Status Tag Value
Icon
Numeric
Value
Description
33554432
Diagnosis warning indicates that a warning has been
raised by the built-in intelligent machine diagnostics of the
system. The rules and logic of the diagnosis warning can
be defined in the diagnosis settings section of setting up
measurement points and alarms. Warning levels for the
diagnosis are easily set in the diagnosis trend plot (refer to
Diagnosis under Graphic Displays and Tools in System
Operation).
67108864
Diagnosis alarm indicates that an alarm has been raised
by the built-in intelligent machine diagnostics of the
system. The rules and logic of the diagnosis alarm can be
defined in the diagnosis settings section of setting up
measurement points and alarms. Alarm levels for the
diagnosis are easily set in the diagnosis trend plot (refer to
Diagnosis under Graphic Displays and Tools in System
Operation)
134217728 No Trend Alarm levels set
268435456 Outside active range unstable indicates that not only the
conditions specified by active ranges on the measurement
point are not met by the system but the measurement is
varying too much and triggers the maximum allowed delta
value of the active range making it unstable.
536870912 Transient indicates that the measurement point is in
transient mode which means that a run-up or coast-down
is currently occurring. Once the run-up or coast-down of
the machine is completed the machine will release the
transient status.
1073741824 Outside active range indicates that the conditions
specified by active ranges on the measurement point are
not met by the system. One or more active ranges can be
configured on measurement points in the spectra settings
and trend settings.
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System Configuration
Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
The system allows to add new measurement points, and edit or delete existing
measurement points on machines and sub machines.
To add a measurement point:
1. First, select a machine or a sub machine to which a measurement point is to be
added in the hierarchy view.
2. Click on the right mouse button, select Add, then Meas. point.
To edit a measurement point:
1. First select a measurement point to be edited in the hierarchy view.
2. Perform one of the following options.
· Click on the right mouse button, then select Properties.
· Double click on the measurement point.
· Click on Edit on the toolbar, then select Properties.
· Click on
Properties icon on the toolbar.
To delete a measurement point:
1. First, select a measurement point to be deleted from the hierarchy view.
2. Click on the right mouse button, then select Delete.
You can also use any one of the following wizards to help you with add and edit
measurement point processes:
· Machine copy wizard. Refer to Machine Copy Wizard in System Configuration.
· Multiple point update wizard. Refer to Multiple Point Update Wizard in System
Configuration.
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Measurement Points
Different types of measurement points are available depending on the selected device.
The following figure is an example of measurement points available for an IMx device in
@ptitude Observer.
Figure 4-22: Example of @ptitude Observer measurement points
Dynamic based measurement points (produces spectrum and/or time waveforms)
· Dynamic is a measurement of a dynamic signal such as vibration sensors, AC
current, or any other dynamic signal that could change at a frequency faster than 0,1
Hz.
· Dynamic, Envelope is a measurement of repetitive frequencies. It is used to detect
and monitor repetitive frequencies, such as bearing failure detection and monitoring.
· Dynamic, Process is a measurement similar to the Dynamic measurement point, but
instead of a vibration signal, it uses an analogue sensor for the measurement. For
example, it can be used for motor current analysis.
· Dynamic, AEE is a measurement of a acoustic emission signal.
· Time Waveform Analysis is a measurement of the time waveform and applies
algorithms such as crest, kurtosis, and skewness in order to detect failures
· Time Waveform Analysis, AEE is same as Time Waveform Analysis but used for
acoustic emission signal.
· Harmonic is a measurement of a dynamic signal with vibration sensors or Eddy
Current Probes such as vibration monitoring on turbines.
· SEE® (spectral emitted energy) is designed especially for measuring high
frequencies for Microlog CMVA series only. It requires a special sensor kit.
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Trend based measurement points
· Process is a measurement of a static/process signal such as load sensors,
temperature sensors, pressure, flow or any other static signal.
· Speed is a measurement of the rotational speed of a shaft. It is used to measure
rotational speed of a shaft with a speed sensor.
· Running hours is a measurement point for IMx/MasCon devices. It provides an
effective usage for Observer's Maintenance Planner feature. It keeps track of running
hours of a machine.
· Digital is a measurement of an input that reacts like a digital signal for
IMx/MasCon48 devices. This means that the input signal basically has only two
states: a digital 1 and a digital 0 or relay closed and relay opened. A digital
measurement point can be used to control when to take trend vibration data and
when to take spectrum data.
· Shaft centerline is a measurement that uses information from two radial
displacement sensors located in the same axial position 60 to 120 degrees from
each other in IMx devices.
· Gear inspector is useful when analyzing impact energy as a function of shaft/gear
revolutions in wind turbines.
· Airgap measurement point can be configured for 4, 6, 8 or 10 channels in order to
display eccentricity and ovality of machines such as generators in hydro power
stations.
· Counter is a measurement that counts digital pulse changes which produces a value
with the total amount of digital value changes. It can be reset and the value will start
from zero again. It is currently available for IMx/MasCon16devices only.
· Counter rate creates a new measurement that counts pulses per second, minute,
hour, day or week on a digital channel. This measurement point can be used to
measure a particle counter.
· Derived point is a calculation measurement point which does not use any sensor in
IMx/MasCon16 devices. Instead, it takes other measurement points to calculate the
result to trend.
· Torsion is a measurement of the torsion of a shaft using two digital channels for
IMx/MasCon48 devices.
· Time difference is a measurement of the time difference between two digital pulses
of IMx/MasCon48 devices.
· HFD (high frequency domain) is a vibration type of measurement that is similar to
envelope measurement but produces only an overall value for Microlog only.
· OPC is a measurement that is used when the system requires data from an external
system with help of an OPC Server.
Note that before you start configuring OPC measurement point, make sure that you
have completed the setup for OPC server and OPC channels. If not, refer to Creating
OPC Server and OPC Channels in System Configuration.
· Data tagging is used to track down material related or characteristic related data. It
allows to mark measurements with a specific tag such as paper quality, motor brand,
revision number of any other property of a machine. Data can be tagged manually
with Software data tagging point or automatically by OPC data tagging points.
· Speed from spectra is a manual speed measurement point with static value.
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· Derived is a general measurement point that is also called @ptitude Observer
derived measurement point. A derived measurement is a calculation point that uses
other measurement points to calculate what to trend. For example, you can trend the
sum of all vibrations of a machine or the average efficiency of four different turbines.
The @ptitude Observer derived measurement can take data from IMx/MasCon and
OPC measurement points. The measurement value is calculated in the @ptitude
Observer Monitor every 10 seconds.
· MCD is a multi parameter measurement point type where envelope, vibration and
temperature are measured at the same time. Available for Marlin only.
· Inspection is a manual and visual inspection measurement point where the user
enters data manually based on readings of external instruments. Available for Marlin
only.
· Protection This is a measurement point displaying data from the IMx-M Protection
Module. These points can't be created manually in Observer but are created in the
IMx-M Manager software. These point types can however be edited in Observer with
the limitation that only a few of the parameters on the point properties can be
changed. Most of the properties cannot be changed. The Protection points are
connected to virtual channels for the IMx-M and are created in the Observer
Hierarchy when the user clicks on the "Create PrM Measurements" button in the
Protection view. These points are clearly visible in the Hierarchy tree as they will
appear as pink "shield" icons,
, indicating protection system, instead of the
normal blue icon. Protection points are not able to display any dynamic data such as
FFT or Time waveform, but only Trend-based data is available.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
General Tab
General Tab
In this section, general attributes required in order to create various measurement
points are described. There are different settings available for different types of devices,
as well as different attributes available for different types of measurement points. The
following is an example of general tab settings for a vibration measurement point.
Figure 4-23: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point general settings
System log is a record of all the changes made to the measurement point.
Name and comment
· Name is a short description of the measurement point. All names are saved and can
be used by other measurement points if desired.
· Enabled indicates the status of the measurement point whether it is enabled or
disabled.
NOTE:
The maximum active measurement points per 16 channel device (also apply to an
IMx-M Slot) is 100 points.
The maximum active vibration measurement points per 16 channel device (also
apply to an IMx-M Slot) is 80 points.
· Description is any additional comments for the current measurement point.
· Point Type is the measurement point selected along with the device type.
· MPA code is for Microlog USB and 1-channel communication only. It is used to
group measurement points together.
· Sensor type is for Microlog only. It can be accelerometer, displacement probe, or
velocity sensor. Note that once the sensor type has been set, it cannot be changed.
· No. of directions is for Microlog only.
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General Tab
- Use TriAx sensor allows the use of a tri-axial sensor when measuring single axis
measurement points. Select which axis to use for the point.
· Orientation is a suitable sensor orientation.
· Meas. interval is for Microlog and Marlin only. It is the measurement interval that
the point should be measured by personnel. If this time is exceeded the system will
generate an alarm.
· Location method is for Marlin only. This method is how you identify where you are
which can be barcode or MQCID.
· Location tag is for Marlin only. It is the identity string.
· Form type is for Marlin only. It defines how you want the data to enter in Marlin. The
form type can be "bar", "gauge", "keypad" or "slider".
· Evaluation time tells the tolerance time when calculating a value depending on
parameters. An evaluation time of 5 minutes means that the parameter values
collected from IMx/MasCon or OPC should be maximum 5 minutes old.
· OPC server is a pre-configured OPC server which you wish to use for this
measurement point.
· OPC channel is a channel in which you wish to be connected.
Device and channel configuration
· Device is a IMx/MasCon device in which the measurement point can be set up.
· No. channels is used by the selected measurement point, e.g. for vibration,
envelope, harmonic, process FFT, process and speed measurement points.
· Channel (Channel X / Channel Y / Channel 1) is the channel in which the
measurement point should be performed. Multiple channels can be selected.
However, for shaft centerline, torsion, and time difference measurement points, two
different channels must be selected. Note that speed channels must be configured in
IMx/MasCon units before you are able to select one here.
· Trigg channel is the trigger channel which can be used for speed, and torsion
measurement points. This can be used if channels have more than one pulses per
revolution in order to start the measurements at the same position every time. Note
that a trigger channel must be selected for condition monitoring on turbines.
· Measurement group is a logical grouping of measurement points that should collect
data at the same time and synchronously on a specific IMx/MasCon device. Setting
up measurement groups is described in Measurement Groups under Database in
Menu Items
· Order analysis shaft is the shaft on the machine that should be used for order
analysis in the spectrum, history and 3D plot.
· Rotation direction indicates the rotational direction for vibration measurement
points, clockwise, counter- clockwise, or both.
· Cable check is an alternate source for the cable check since the channel of this
measurement point does not have the option to verify a statues of the bias.
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General Tab
Simultaneous measurements (available only for Torsion for IMx devices)
· Speed meas. is a speed measurement point in which the currently selected
measurement point should be connected/linked. The selected speed measurement
point will be taken simultaneously with the current measurement point's data.
· Process meas. is a process measurement point in which the current measurement
point should be connected/linked. The selected process measurement point will be
taken simultaneously with the current measurement point's data.
· Digital meas. is a digital measurement point in which the current measurement
point should be connected/linked. The selected digital measurement point will be
taken simultaneously with the current measurement point's data.
OPC Server and channel settings (for OPC measurement points only)
Note that in order to send data from the @ptitude Observer to an OPC server, a setup
of an OPC measurement point is not required. Instead, this is completed through OPC
channel setup.
· OPC server is a pre-configured OPC server which you wish to use for this
measurement point.
· OPC channel is a channel in which you wish to be connected.
· DAD is required for OPC server.
· Channel is a channel in which you wish to be connected.
· Data tagging group allows to select a data tagging group from the drop down list.
Data tagging group is created through Data tagging group interface under
Library\Database in Menu Items.
Source (for Software, Data tagging measurement points only )
· Data tagging group allows to select a data tagging group from the drop down list.
Data tagging group is created through Data tagging group interface under
Library\Database in Menu Items.
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Acquisition Tab
Acquisition Tab
Figure 4-24: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point Acquisition settings
Acquisition
· Pre-processing is a pre-processing type such as Envelop, for an example.
· Acquisition type can be Fixed frequency or Order tracking.
· Trigg indicates if the selected speed measurement should be used as the trigger
for the measurement point. If trigger is set, then the phase information will be
available for the measurement.
· No. of lines is the number of lines needed to construct the FFT (Fast Fourier
Transform).
· Frequency range is the maximum frequency for the FFT or time waveform. You
may select a frequency range from the drop-down list or select Custom option to
enter the end frequency in Hz. The end frequency can be between 5 and 40 000
Hz in integer numbers only.
· Window is the window type for the FFT which can be Hanning or Uniform.
· Low freq is the low frequency cutoff which can be used as a filter to limit
unwanted peaks or "ski slopes" at the start of the FFT. For example, setting this
value to 5 will zero out all values between 0 and 5 Hz in the FFT.
· Meas. time is the measurement time selected for time synchronous averaging.
This measurement method is used to filter out vibrations that are not
synchronous to the speed of the shaft where vibration data are taken. Note that
the indication of trigger speed measurements has to be set in the general settings.
· Resolution describes the current resolution calculated with the currently selected
frequency range and number of lines.
· No. samples is the number of samples needed to construct the time waveform.
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Acquisition Tab
· Sampling revolutions indicate how many revolutions the trend value should be
based on for shaft centerline measurements only.
· Max time is the time allowed for measuring a trend value for shaft centerline
measurements only. If it takes longer time than the specified time to measure the
desired sampling revolutions, the trend value will still be calculated and stored.
Device and channel configuration
· Device is an IMx/MaxCon device where the measurement point can be set up.
· Measurement group is a logical grouping of measurement points that will collect
data at the same time and synchronously on a specific IMx/MasCon device. Setting
up measurement groups is described in Measurement Groups under Database in
Menu Items.
· Parameters is the same as Parameters in Formula section, below.
· Formula is the same as Formula in Formula section, below.
Formula
· Parameters are used by the formula for derived point measurements.
There are two types of parameters, Constant and Trend.
- Constant: this value never changes. It can be custom created here by assigning
parameter's name, setting the type to constant and assigning any numeric
value.
- Trend: another measurement point value in the system. It can also be custom
created here by assigning parameter's name, setting the type to trend, and
selecting a measurement point from the system as the source. The source
selected here must be from the same IMx/MasCon device.
· Formula is the calculation formula using the assigned parameters from above for
derived point measurement. The normal calculation methods (+ , - ,* ,/ ,^ ,( , ) )
and mathematical functions are available to build a formula.
· Check verifies if @ptitude Observer and @ptitude Observer Monitor can
understand the formula entered. This is also done automatically when you click
on Ok as well.
Trend Configuration
· No. of lines is the number of lines needed to construct the FFT (Fast Fourier
Transform).
· Sampling revolutions indicate how many revolutions the trend value should be
based on for shaft centerline measurements only.
· E.U. (Engineering Unit) is the engineering device in which this measurement is to
be displayed. If the scale factor is set to 1, then E.U. will be set to degrees.
However, if the measurement point is a counter rate, this acts as a user editable
text field. See Time Unit, below.
· Scale factor is used if you want to have a different scale factor than the
engineering device (E.U.) of degrees. The default is 1.
· Time unit is available for counter rate measurement points only. It can be pulses
of seconds, minutes, hours, days or weeks. Note that for counter rate
measurement points, E.U. is a user entered text that will be displayed on graph
only. Which means that it will not effect the measurement at all. The text should
reflect the selected time device, for example if time device is selected as Seconds,
E.U. should be changed to Pulses/second.
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Acquisition Tab
· Resettable sets whether or not the measurement point's value can be set to zero
or not. It is available for count measurement points only.
· Unit is the unit on which the trend measurement should be performed.
· Scaling defines how the trend values should be calculated and stored in the
database.
· Counter type sets the calculation method that should be used for this counter
measurement point.
- Pulses: The value collected is added to the previous value. This is a normal
counter.
- Stops: Each time a value is collected, the previous value is incremented by one
(1).
- Pulses between stops: The value collected is the value used. This can be used,
for example measuring the distance between two train stations if an IMx has
been fitted on a train.
· Exp.averaging (exponential averaging) is a setting to perform an automatic trend
curve smoothing or to stop the system from giving alarms when intermittent
disturbances occur.
The function applies the following formula:
new calculated = measured * (1 - exp value) + last calculated * exp value
· Compensate for speed is available for "running hours" measurement points only.
It compensates the running speed of a machine by comparing the active speed of
the machine against a nominal speed of the machine. The Nominal speed of the
machine is entered by the user.
For example, if the active speed of the machine is 1 000 cpm and the nominal
speed is set to 2 000 cpm, then after the machine has been run for two hours,
because of the difference between the active speed and the nominal speed, the
running hours value will be one hour instead of two hours.
· Compensate for load is available for "Running hours" measurement points only.
It enables a compensation for the active load or any other process signal
compared to a Nominal load value entered by the user. Compensate for load
works the same way as Compensate for speed.
· Spectra source is the measurement point where that maximum amplitude is
being searched to get the speed reading.
· Min. speed / Max. speed is the start and stop search range of the spectra
source.
· Machine part can be a gear or a shaft that helps to get more precise speed
reading by using its fault frequency.
· Speed is the running speed in rpm (revolution per minute).
· Deviation is the percentage the speed can vary during the measurement of the
machine. This is used in the diagnosis calculation when obtaining the fault
frequencies. It sets the search range of frequencies for the diagnosis calculation.
· Deviation time tells the tolerance time when calculating a value depending on
parameters. A deviation time of 5 minutes means that the parameter values
collected from IMx/MasCon or OPC should be maximum 5 minutes old.
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Acquisition Tab
Simultaneous Measurements
· Speed meas. is a speed measurement point in which the currently selected
measurement point should be connected/linked. The selected speed
measurement point will be taken simultaneously with the current measurement
point's data.
· Speed controlled sampling indicates whether to use speed controlled sampling
or not. If it is checked, then all the samples during one revolution of the shaft will
be used to calculate the average position of the shaft. If unchecked, then the
samples during 0,1 second will be used to calculate the average position of the
shaft. It is used to get a better reading of the shaft position. Therefore, for
measuring the shaft position it is strongly recommended to enable this field.
· Process meas. is a process measurement point in which the current
measurement point should be connected/linked. The selected process
measurement point will be taken simultaneously with the current measurement
point's data.
· Digital meas. is a digital measurement point in which the current measurement
point should be connected/linked. The selected digital measurement point will be
taken simultaneously with the current measurement point's data.
Settings (for Microlog and Marlin only)
· E.U. is the engineering device in which this measurement is to be displayed.
· Scaling allows to change how to display the scaling (detection) of the
measurement.
· Pulses/rev. is the number of pulses the device receives per shaft revolution.
· Full scale is used to scale the values in the Microlog only.
· Full scale, Env. is used to scale the values for Envelop.
· Full scale, Veloc. is used to scale the values for Velocity.
· Full scale, Temp. is used to scale the values for Temperature.
· No. decimals is the number of decimals supported by Marlin devices only.
· Min scale is used to scale the values in Marlin.
· Zero level is the value that should be equal to zero in the measurement device.
· Sensitivity specifies the sensor sensitivity.
· Envelope filter is a pre-processing type such as Envelop, for an example.
· ICP current feed indicates whether the sensor is fed with current or not.
· Frequency type can be Fixed freq. range or Order tracking.
· No. of lines is for the FFT taken for extracting trend values.
· Save specifies what kind of data that should be collected and stored. Choose
between FFT, Time waveform or both. Data called FFT and Phase are also
available for order tracking.
· Window can be Uniform, Hanning or Flattop.
· Speed Sets a static speed value that will be stored with the measurement.
· End freq. is the highest frequency that should be measured.
· Low freq. is the lowest frequency that should be measured.
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Acquisition Tab
· No. of averages is the number of measurements the Microlog should measure in
order to get the average reading by combining all measurements. However, this
number is ignored if the averaging is Off.
· Averaging is a type of averaging method which the system has to perform on the
data before it is stored to the database.
· Speed meas. point allows to select a speed measurement point which will be
measured and the value will be stored as the speed for this measurement point.
This overrides the static speed setting.
· Order analysis shaft is the shaft on the machine that should be used for order
analysis in the spectrum, history and 3D plot.
Conditional point (for Marlin only)
· Meas. point is the specified measurement point for which the data should be
collected.
· Criteria is used to determine when to collect data. The criteria can be "in alarm",
"above", etc.
Inspection (for Marlin only)
· Inspection prompt is the prompt shown to the Marlin user when this point is
about to be collected in the Marlin. For example, it could be "Do you see any oil
leakage?".
· Inspection result is the "yes" or "no" response to the inspection prompt.
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Operating and Storage Conditions Tab
Operating and Storage Conditions Tab
This is where the information on when the measurement should be taken can be set.
Figure 4-25: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point Operating and Storage
Condition settings
Operating Condition
Operating condition is calculated with the help of the measurement points specified
in the Simultaneous measurements of the Acquisition tab settings. For example, if
you select speed as an active range type, a speed measurement point must be
selected in the simultaneous measurements section as well.
Important - The specified conditions must be met in order for the measurement point
to collect and store data in the database. The assigned conditions must be met before
the system raises any alarms. If both conditions are specified, both conditions must be
met before system raises any alarms.
· Type is the type of gating which can be set to one of the following values:
- All: means that the active range check is disabled. In other words, the active
range that the measurement point is using is all values.
- Speed: means that the active range check is determined by the speed
measurement point readings selected in Simultaneous measurements of
general tab settings.
- Process: means that the active range check is determined by the process
measurement point readings selected in Simultaneous measurements of
general tab settings.
- Digital: means that the active range check is determined by the digital
measurement point readings selected in Simultaneous measurements of
general tab settings.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Operating and Storage Conditions Tab
· Condition is the gating parameter range with minimum and maximum values.
· Max allowed delta is maximum accepted change of the gating parameter during
the measurement. Use this setting to force the system to take data when the
operating mode of the machine is stable which may be the only way to capture the
accurate and trustworthy data.
This is an important setting when performing a process measurement point on
variable speed machines. This is not important for a speed measurement point.
It depends on your application, e.g. for measuring bearing temperature, this
function can be deactivated by setting it to 0.
Valid Measurement Range
You can force the system to take data only when the amplitude reading is at a certain
level by assigning a minimum and a maximum value of the measurement range. If
the measured value is outside the measurement range, then the system alarm will
be generated instead of an alarm on the measurement point.
System alarms are displayed in the system view, or system alarm window from the
icon bar, instead of in the alarm list. For example, if the range is set to 0 to 300 °C
and the temperature sensor output is above 300 °C, then this value will be treated
as an unrealistic value and the IMx/MasCon system will generate a system alarm in
the system alarm list instead of in the alarm list. The cause of this alarm could be a
bad earth connection or surrounding interference that disturbs the output signal
from the sensor.
· Enabled is the status of this measurement range, enabled or disabled.
· Min. is the minimum value of the measurement range.
· Max. is the maximum value of the measurement range.
Scheduled Trend Storage
· Enabled box allows to enable or disable the Scheduled Trend Storage function.
· Rolling buffer determines which trend value should be stored in the buffer
whenever trend data capturing occurs. The timing of the trend data capturing is
determined by Interval below.
- Max: stores the maximum value captured.
- Min: stores the minimum value captured.
- First: stores the first value captured.
· Interval is the desired interval for data capturing which depends on the
application.
The selection made here affects how fast data has to be moved from short term
buffers to long term buffers in the database.
There are four different buffers in the @ptitude Observer database, a minute buffer,
an hour buffer, a day buffer and a week buffer.
In each buffer 3 000 values can be stored as default. For example, if the
measurement interval is set to 1 minute, the length of the minute buffer will be 3
000 minutes (50 hours). As more data comes in, values are move to the hour buffer.
For a specific hour, all values in the minute buffer are analyzed and the system will
move one of the values during this time period to the hour buffer. This logic works
same for the hour to day buffer, and so on. The default of 3 000 values for each
buffer can be configured in the @ptitude Observer Monitor software.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Operating and Storage Conditions Tab
The type of the value to be moved from one buffer to next is determined by the
Rolling buffer field in the Scheduled Trend Storage, above.
· Interval alarm is the desired interval for data capturing when the level is in
warning or alarm condition.
· Exception based storage is a setting of what to store if the trended values
changes.
· Save allows to decide which format of the captured data should be stored in the
system.
Spike filter
· Enabled box allows to enable or disable the Spike filter function.
The spike filter is useful to avoid alarming on high peak readings that could be picked
up by the sensors caused by other sources rather than the machine itself. These
measurements are not the ones that should raise alarms and should not be stored in
the database either. For example, setting this value to 20 m/s2 will set the system to
ignore any measurements above this level completely. However, when the system
detects high peak reading, the measurement will display the status of "Outside
measurement range"
indicating that the values coming from this
measurement point are outside of the acceptance range.
Scheduled Dynamic Data Storage
· Enabled box allows to enable or disable the Scheduled Dynamic Data Storage
function.
Dynamic Data Storage is calculated with the help of the measurement points
specified in the Simultaneous measurements of the Acquisition tab settings. For
example, if you select speed as an active range type, a speed measurement point
must be selected in the simultaneous measurements section as well.
Important - The following specified conditions must be met in order for the
measurement point to collect and store data in the database. The assigned conditions
have to be met before the system raises any alarms. If both conditions are specified,
both conditions must be met before system raises any alarms.
· Type is the type of gating which can be set to one of the following values:
- Same as Operating Condition: configures the dynamic data storage range to be
same as the Operating Condition range.
- Speed: means that the dynamic data storage range check is determined by the
speed measurement point readings selected in Simultaneous measurements
of Acquisition tab settings.
- Process: means that the dynamic data storage range check is determined by
the process measurement point readings selected in Simultaneous
measurements of Acquisition tab settings.
- Digital: means that the dynamic data storage range check is determined by the
digital measurement point readings selected in Simultaneous measurements
of Acquisition tab settings.
· Condition is the gating parameter range with minimum and maximum values.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Operating and Storage Conditions Tab
· Max allowed delta is maximum accepted change of the gating parameter during
the measurement. Use this setting to force the system to take data when the
operating mode of the machine is stable which may be the only way to capture the
accurate and trustworthy data.
This is an important setting when performing a process measurement point on
variable speed machines. This is not important for a speed measurement point.
It depends on your application, e.g. for measuring bearing temperature, this
function can be deactivated by setting it to 0.
· Average is a type of averaging which the system has to perform on the data
before they are stored to the database.
For example, for FFT if you select frequency for the average and 4 for the number,
the MasCon/WinCon device will take 4 FFT's, average them and store the
averaged FFT in the database. If you select time synchronous for average, the
device will filter out vibrations that are not synchronous to the speed of the shaft
where vibration data are taken. Note that the trigger speed measurement
indication, Trigg. has to be set in the Simultaneous measurements of the general
tab settings.
· Number is the number of averages that should be taken for the specified average
type selected from the above.
· Save allows to decide which format of the captured data should be stored in the
system. Storing time waveform only is the recommended setting. Observer will on
the fly calculate and display the FFT based on the time waveform when clicking
the spectra button.
· Interval is the desired interval for data capturing. It depends on the application.
· Interval alarm is the desired interval for data capturing when the level is in
warning or alarm condition.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Shaft Properties Tab
Shaft Properties Tab
Figure 4-26: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point Shaft properties
settings
· Shaft position is the position of the shaft which can be Top, Bottom, Left, Right, or
Center.
· Clearance is the maximum clearance in the bearing.
· Channel X/Y Cold gap is the cold gap for the shaft in the bearing for the sensors.
This value should be measured with a tool and entered here.
· Get cold gap allows the system to measure the cold gap automatically instead of
measuring it with a tool manually. If you press the get cold gap button, the system
will ask the @ptitude Observer Monitor software for the current reading of the two
sensors and will calculate the cold cap for each channel. Note that a connection to
the monitor software is required.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Monitoring Tab
Monitoring Tab
Figure 4-27: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point Monitoring settings
General
General settings
· Enable automatic alarms box enables the automatic alarm functionality when
checked.
Automatic alarm enables the measurement point to use automatic levels for the
selected active trend alarms. The system will automatically calculate the alarm and
warning level after a minimum specific number of historical values have been stored
in the database.
For Microlog measurement points, the minimum number of trend values to calculate
the automatic alarm levels is five and it will be based on a maximum of 40
measurements. For IMx/MasCon measurement points, the minimum number of
trend values to calculate the automatic alarm levels is 20 and it will be based on a
maximum of 100 measurements.
The calculation algorithm uses a specific number of standard deviations from the
average level to determine the warning level. The number of standard deviations is
determined by Auto alarm setting at Alarm and relays tab for Options under
Database in Menu Items. To determine the alarm level the system uses twice as
many standard deviations as for the calculation for the warning level.
When a new trend value is stored in the database, the system always checks if new
automatic alarm levels should be set for the measurement point. Once they are set,
they will not be recalculated again unless the user specifically resets the automatic
alarm levels by editing the measurement point properties or by right clicking in the
hierarchy and selecting Reset the automatic alarm levels.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Monitoring Tab
When the system has calculated the warning and alarm levels for the active alarms
on a measurement point, the measurement point properties will be updated with the
new levels, and the system log for the measurement point will be updated as well.
When a new measurement point is created by copying an existing measurement
point with the automatic alarm enabled, the alarm level of the new measurement
point will be set to 0. The automatic alarm for the new measurement point will be
calculated when enough data have been stored for the new measurement point.
Automatic alarm cannot be combined with adaptive alarm.
· Alarm blocking is a setting that makes it possible to temporarily disable the alarm
check.
· Store delta makes the system to store data if the change of the trended value
(since the last store) exceeds the Store delta value.
· Exception based storage is a setting of what to store if the trended values
changes.
Alarm
This section is to set up the alarm levels for the measurement. Individual alarms can
be disabled as applicable.
· High alarm is the status of high alarm which can be enabled or disabled.
· High warning is the status of high warning which can be enabled or disabled.
· Low warning is the status of low warning which can be enabled or disabled.
· Low alarm is the status of low alarm which can be enabled or disabled
· Condition triggers the alarm to be raised. The options are none, opened and
closed.
· Eccentricity is set for warning and alarm level for airgap measurement points.
· Ovality is set for warning and alarm level for airgap measurement points.
Alarm hysteresis
This section controls how many times a value can be over and under the alarm limits
before @ptitude Observer goes into or releases the alarm state.
· Enter alarm is the number of consecutive measurements that have to be over
the alarm level before an alarm is reported. Default is set to 2.
· Leave alarm is the number of times that a value has to be under the alarm level
before @ptitude Observer releases the alarm state. Default is set to 5.
Alarm group
It is a setting that makes the system to store data for all the members in the group if
one of the member triggers alarm.
Device internal relays
· Warning relay on the WindCon/IMx/MasCon device is used when a warning level
is reached. It can be used to trip the machine upon warning.
· Alarm relay on the WindCon/IMx/MasCon device is used when an alarm level is
reached. It can be used to trip the machine upon alarm.
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Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms
Monitoring Tab
Observer monitor relay card
Note that you need an extra relay card for the @ptitude Observer server.
· Warning relay on the @ptitude Observer Monitor is used when a warning level is
reached.
· Alarm relay on the @ptitude Observer Monitor is used when an alarm level is
reached.
Vector alarming
· Type is a selection of alarm type in the complex plane. This setting can be either
Circular or Sector.
Frequency #
· Type is the type of frequency band or time waveform component to monitor.
For frequency
- Fixed frequency: monitors a specific frequency with a search area around in
order to trend.
- Speed following: monitors a specific frequencies related to the speed of the
machine when machine speed varies. It is possible to set up to monitor a
specific gear on the selected machine part by choosing a machine part from the
drop down list.
#xN
· Level ctrl. triggers the alarm levels to be automatically adjusted according to the
settings and curve information provided in Adaptive Alarming Tab in Setting up
Measurement Points and Alarms.
· Channel X Enabled enables the Channel X.
· Channel X Warning level / Alarm level sets up normal level alarm warning and
alarm for trends 1 x N, 2 x N, 3 x N and 4 x N.
Overall
This section is used for an overall measurement by setting up the system to
display/calculate the value.
· Type is the type of frequency or time waveform component to monitor.
· Name is the name of the alarm for the measurement point.
· Start is the start frequency of the frequency band to monitor.
· Stop is the end frequency of the frequency band to monitor.
· Level ctrl. triggers the alarm levels to be automatically adjusted according to the
settings and curve information provided in Adaptive Alarming Tab under Setting
up Measurement Points and Alarms in System Configuration.
· Relation indicates a percentage, which means that the system will trigger an
alarm if the ratio exceeds the number set in this field. The ratio is calculated by
(Total - 1 x N - 2 x N - 3 x N - 4 x N) / Total. Relation alarm monitors the
frequencies in between the frequencies: 1 ´ N, 2 ´ N, 3 ´ N and 4 ´ N, e.g. sub
harmonics.
· Alarm - Warning level/Alarm level is the warning level/alarm level of the
Channel X alarm.
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Monitoring Tab
Custom band
· Band is the band number.
· Name is the name of the band.
· Type is the type of frequency or time waveform component to monitor.
· Source is the selection of sensor multi-channel points
· HW is the high warning level.
· HA is the high alarm level.
Adaptive Alarming Tab
Figure 4-28: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point Adaptive Alarming
settings
Note that in order to activate advanced settings for each trend, you must set Level ctrl
in Monitoring Tab under Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms in System
Configuration.
· Alarm level contr. allows to control the alarm levels, e.g. for rotational speed or
an process value such as motor load. Use the graph and its settings to construct
the curve to be used for altering the alarm levels during measurement
· Start / Stop defines the range in which the control is to take place. The boxes
above the graph are used to specify the alarm values in % of the alarm levels
which is set in Monitoring Tab.
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Transient Tab
Transient Tab
Figure 4-29: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point Transient settings
· Alarm indicates whether to enable or disable alarms in transient ranges such as 1 x
N, 2 x N, and Overall in the measurement group.
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Observer Display Options Tab
Observer Display Options Tab
This setting contains information related to the display of information to the user but
which has nothing to do with the measurement itself.
Figure 4-30: Example of @ptitude Observer Dynamic measurement point Observer Display
Options settings
Observer Display Options
· Orientation is a suitable sensor orientation which can be 1. Horizontal, 2. Axial, 3.
Vertical, 4. Tangential, 5. Radial, or 6. Axial/Vertical.
· No. decimals is used when displaying the measurement in order to control the
accuracy of the measurement.
· Rotation direction indicates the rotational direction which can be clockwise,
counter-clockwise, or both.
· Order analysis shaft is the shaft on the machine that should be used for order
analysis in the spectrum, history and 3D plot.
Runout compensation
Runout Compensation settings are available for harmonic measurement points only.
The runout compensation is used to remove the problem that un-round shafts
register the shape of the shaft as vibration.
To set the compensation the shaft is rotated at low speed and sensor values are
collected using the Get runout compensation. Values can thereafter be viewed with
or without compensation.
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System Configuration
Machine Parts
Machine Parts
Different machine parts compose a machine or a sub machine. With the help of
Machine parts tool, models of machines can be created including shafts, gear boxes,
engines, fan casings, blades, generators, etc. The machine parts tool is used to calculate
the disturbance frequencies specific to a particular machine, such as gear and bearing
frequencies, etc., by using the defined machine data. In this way, the task of finding out
which machine component is generating a certain anomaly in the frequency spectra is
facilitated. It is possible to go back to the machine parts and edit as often as changes
are needed.
Important - Speed measurement point must be configured first before you can use the
running speed.
To get to machine parts screen, perform one of the following options:
· Select a machine from the hierarchy view, then click on the right mouse button
and choose Machine parts.
· Select a machine from the hierarchy view, then click on
icon, on the toolbar.
Machine parts
Creating a Model with Machine Parts
Figure 4-31: Example of @ptitude Observer create a model with machine parts
To create machine parts, perform one of the following options:
· Copying machine parts from another machine is possible. Click on the right mouse
button on the blank area of Machine parts' working screen and select Copy from
existing machine. This will override existing machine parts with the copied
machine parts.
· Simply drag and drop the desired parts from the parts toolbox window to the
working area on the right. Dragging and dropping parts close to each other will
create a link between them. For example, to link one gear wheel to another,
simply drag and drop a wheel on top of the other.
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Machine Parts
It is important that the first part should always be a shaft to which the remaining
parts are connected.
To link the model to the pre-selected machine, drag speed from the Parts toolbox
window. This speed is used to calculate the defect frequencies for bearings, gears
and other parts. In addition, it is also possible to link diagnosis and vibration
spectra to the model.
By using bearing from the parts toolbox window, you can obtain bearings from
the drop-down list of bearing database. In total the bearing database can hold
approximately 20 000 bearings from SKF and a number of other vendors. It is
also possible to add new bearings if bearing pitch diameter, roller diameter,
number of rollers and contact angle are known.
The model of the machine created in this way is a schematic illustration and
should not be seen as a scaled CAD (computer aided design) drawing.
Right-clicking on a machine part in the working area provides the following options:
· Calculate gear allows to calculate the speed of the selected machine part. This is
also done automatically when closing the machine parts window.
· Delete allows to delete the selected machine part.
· Bring to front brings the selected machine part to the front of the others when
machine parts are staggered on top of each other.
· Bring to back takes the selected machine part to the back of the others when
machine parts are staggered on top of each other.
· Properties brings up the properties of the selected machine part and let you
configure the characteristics of the machine part.
Right-clicking on the working area provides the following options:
· Calculate gear allows to calculate the speed of all the machine parts. This is also
done automatically when closing the machine parts window.
· Copy from existing machine overrides existing machine parts, if any, with the
selected machine parts or creates machine parts with the selected existing
machine.
· Copy from existing machine allows to delete the selected machine part.
· 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% allows zooming of the machine parts window by the
selected scale.
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System Configuration
Setting up Process Overview
Setting up Process Overview
Process overview is a human machine interface (HMI) tool that can be configured to
create an easy to use and understand display for control rooms and operators. This
display illustrates the current status of the machine through bars and process values.
The process overview is directly linked to the hierarchy, which means that upon opening
a machine, all the measurement points on the machine are automatically added for you.
On the top of process overview screen, you can see a header displaying the total status
of the process overview.
To get to process overview screen, perform one of the following options:
· Select a node, machine or sub machine from the hierarchy view, then click on
Process overview icon on the toolbar.
· Click right mouse button on a node in the hierarchy view, then select Process
overview.
Configuration of Process Overview
To be able to configure the process overview, first set the process overview in edit
mode. This is done by right clicking in the working area and selecting Edit mode, or
clicking on
Edit mode button on the right hand corner of the process overview
screen. Now in order to get the following configuration options, right click in the
working area or click on a various button on the right hand corner of the process
overview screen.
·
Enterprise Process Overview is the main process overview of the top
level of the hierarchy view which includes all databases.
·
·
Refresh updates the process overview screen.
Print active window prints the currently opened window.
·
Back brings back the previous screen.
·
Up brings to one level up on the hierarchy view.
· Split horizontal/Split vertical splits the working area horizontally or vertically.
The working area can be split into several different sections. This can be efficient
when you have several machines under a specific node and would like to browse
through them simultaneously. Each time the working area is split, the child or
children of the first item of the screen in where the split command was issued
appear in the newly opened screen.
· Remove split removes split screen(s).
· Load layout allows to load a layout from the layout list.
· Save layout allows to save, delete or rename an item from the layout list.
· Picture allows to export picture(s) from the pictures list.
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Setting up Process Overview
Full screen allows to toggle between full screen mode and partial screen
·
mode.
· Exit ends process view.
· Snap allows to snap items when dragging them to a hidden grid.
· Visible objects allows to select which points to display.
Editing a Measurement Point in the Working Area
You can also manipulate the items in the process overview working area during the edit
mode by clicking right mouse button on an item.
· Diagram allows to choose an associated diagram to plot.
· Delete allows to delete the selected item from the current working area.
· Properties allows to configure the measurement point how to be displayed by
editing the following fields.
- Name: name of the selected measurement point which is displayed when
choosing Name as Text.
- Short name: user configured name which is displayed when choosing Short
name as Text.
- Type: is the display type that determines which type to represent the data. The
options vary depending on the type of measurement point.
- Text: determines how the text of the item in the process overview will be
displayed.
Name: displays the full length of the measurement point.
Short name: displays the customized short name for the measurement point.
None: displays no name. Instead, it displays the icon.
- Width: allows to enter the value of width manually, instead of changing it with
the mouse.
- Height: allows to enter the value of height manually, instead of changing it with
the mouse.
- Show values: determines which components of the measurement point should
be displayed in graph.
- Visible: is used to display the selected measurement point or not to display.
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System Configuration
Machine Copy Wizard
Machine Copy Wizard
The machine copy wizard is a guide that helps you to copy a machine with all the
machine information from an existing machine to a new machine.
Note that the wizard cannot overwrite already existing channel settings on an existing
device. It can however, create a new IMx/MasCon device for you. Therefore, you do not
need to create an IMx/MasCon device before you launch the wizard.
The following data can be copied:
· Machine specific information
· Machine parts
· IMx/MasCon devices
· Channel configuration
· Online measurement points
· Offline measurement points
· Diagnosis
· Process overview information
· Measurement group
To get to machine copy wizard, perform one of the following options:
· Click right mouse button on a node in the hierarchy view and select Add, Machine,
then select From machine template.
· Click right mouse button on a node in the hierarchy view and select Add, Machine,
then select Existing machine.
· Select a machine in the hierarchy view first, then click Edit on the toolbar and
select Copy node.
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System Configuration
Machine Copy Wizard
Utilization of Machine Copy Wizard
1. Selecting data to copy
Figure 4-32: Example of @ptitude Observer data to copy
· Existing machine
- Existing machine name: selected machine name in the Hierarchy view.
- Existing machine location: selected machine location in the Hierarchy view.
· Destination
- New machine name: required name for the new machine to be.
- New machine code: enter the specific machine code if you keep track of many
machines in your machine park with a certain tag or ID number (optional).
- New machine location: can be selected from the list of nodes in the hierarchy
view.
· Data
- Machine parts: check to copy over all the machine parts.
- Measurement points: check to copy over all the measurement points.
- Process overview: check to copy over all the data from process overview.
- Unit and channel configuration: check to copy over all the device and channel
configuration data.
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Machine Copy Wizard
2. Measurement points
Figure 4-33: Example of @ptitude Observer measurement points to copy
The measurement points window shows a list of all the measurement points on the
source machine. Select the ones you would like to copy over to the new machine. If a
measurement point is checked, it will be included in the copy process. Otherwise, it
will be excluded from the copy process.
-
Name: displays the name and unique ID of measurement points.
Type: displays the type of measurement points.
Select all: selects all measurement points in the list.
Unselect all: unselects all measurement points in the list.
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Machine Copy Wizard
3. Units and channels
Figure 4-34: Example of @ptitude Observer configuring devices for Machine Copy Wizard
Based upon the measurement points selected from the previous screen, the wizard
gathers all the corresponding information from the IMx/MasCon device and channels.
- Unit number: displays the unique device number of the selected existing machine.
- Name: displays the name of the selected machine.
- New device number: number assigned in the choose new device number field
from below.
- Select new name: new name generated by the system. You may change it if
desired.
- Choose new device number: select a unique device number from the list.
4. Finish
Click Finish to save the changes made.
5. Summary
It displays the details, and allows to print the summary.
Example Scenario
You have a wind turbine with one IMx/MasCon system with measuring data. If you
would like to add a second wind turbine to your @ptitude Observer database, you can
copy the entire setup of your existing wind turbine to the new one by using the
machine copy wizard. The only thing you need to do is to choose a new device
number and name for the new IMx/MasCon device which will be asked by the wizard.
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System Configuration
Multiple Point Update Wizard
Multiple Point Update Wizard
The multiple point update wizard is a tool for updating several measurement points with
one or several properties. It can be anything from a simple edit such as changing an
active status on a few measurement points in a machine, to more complex edits such as
updating a frequency range and number of lines on all IMx/MasCon vibration
measurement points in the entire database. You can filter out specific measurement
point types based on the selection of your choice.
To get to multiple point update wizard:
· To update a certain set of measurement points:
1. First select a database, a node, a machine or a sub machine in which these
points reside in the hierarchy view.
2. Click on Edit on the toolbar, then select Multiple point update wizard.
· To update all the measurement points in all the databases:
- No need to select any node. Click on Edit on the toolbar, then select Multiple
point update wizard. In the Wizard, select All measurement point sin all
databases.
Utilization of Multiple Point Update Wizard
1. Selecting data to modify
Figure 4-35: Example of @ptitude Observer selecting data for Multiple Point Update Wizard
· Measurement point type allows to select a type of hardware and a type of
measurement point to be updated. Only one type of measurement point can be
updated at a time.
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Multiple Point Update Wizard
· Data source allows you to select a measurement point in the database that
should be updated.
- Based on my current selection in the hierarchy: a list of measurement points
that you selected in the hierarchy view before you entered the multiple point
update wizard screen.
- All measurement points in all databases: a list of all the measurement points in
all the databases.
· Measurement points to update are all the measurement points which can be
updated by the wizard. You can uncheck certain measurement points to exclude.
- Additional filter by name: option to filter the list of measurement points by
certain name.
- Apply: enables the filtering by the entered name.
- Select all: selects all measurement points in the list.
- Unselect all: unselects all measurement points in the list.
For example, if you enter “NDE” in the Additional filter by name field and click
Apply button, you will get the list of the measurement points with name
containing the text “NDE”.
2. Attribute selection
Figure 4-36: Example of @ptitude Observer attribute selection for Multiple Point Update Wizard
· Attribute allows to expand the tree view and click on an attribute to change. A list
of all the selected measurement points with the current value of the selected
attribute is shown on the right side of the screen. You are now able to change the
value of the attribute directly on the list one at a time, or all at once.
- One by one: updates only the current measurement point that you are editing.
- All: updates all the measurement points with the edited value.
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3. Finish
This is the final confirmation to proceed with updating measurement points.
When you click Finish, the wizard starts saving the configuration and you cannot
undo any changes made.
4. Summary
Summary gives you the list of how many measurement points were updated and
how many measurement points could not be updated. If there were any
measurement points could not be updated, the reasons are stated in the Details
section.
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System Operation
Startup View
5
System Operation
Startup View
@ptitude Observer remembers each user's departure view and brings you back to
where you have left from the previous session. However, if you are a new user, after a
successful logon the @ptitude Observer will start with the hierarchy view in the tree
view window as the default view.
Tree View
Tree view window consists of the following types of user interfaces.
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·
Hierarchy view shows machines and their measurement points in a tree
structured hierarchy with the corresponding status for each object. The
hierarchy can display data from several databases at the same time.
·
System view shows the status from a hardware point of view which is based
on IMx/MasCon devices, sensors and measurement points. It shows the
communication status as well.
·
Workspace is the hierarchy view of user selected machine(s). It is an individual
work space to keep track of only the machines for which the user is
responsible. A workspace can only span over one single database.
·
Diagram view is the hierarchy view of all the saved settings of graphic
diagrams including selection of measurement points as well as buffer
settings.This is to be able to have predefined views of the data.
·
Protection view is the hierarchy view of all the Protection devices and their
status. It is also possible to synchronize the settings with the Protection
device.
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Tree View
Hierarchy View
Hierarchy View
To get to the hierarchy view screen:
· Click on Show on the toolbar, select Tree view to open up the tree view window,
then select Hierarchy view.
· If the tree view window has been opened already, select Hierarchy view directly
from the tree view window.
The hierarchy view displays each object's status with small icons. Status indication/level
is inherited upwards in the hierarchy view. For example, if a measurement point on a
machine has an alarm status, all the levels above this machine will also be upgraded to
an alarm status. The status in the hierarchy view is updated each time a trend is stored
in the database by @ptitude Observer Monitor software.
Figure 5-37: Example of @ptitude Observer hierarchy view
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Tree View
Hierarchy View
Status in the Hierarchy View
Not active indicates that the measurement point is disabled and is on hold. No
data will be collected for this measurement point.
Cable fault indicates that the IMx/MasCon device has detected a cable fault on
the channel of which this measurement point uses. The detection is done by bias
ranges which are set in the cable check field under the setting analogue channels
section for IMx/MasCon devices.
Outside measurement range indicates that the values coming from this
measurement point are outside of the acceptance range. The bias on the channel
is Ok but the produced values are too high or too low. The measurement range is
set in the active range condition field with minimum and maximum values of the
trend settings of measurement points.
Alarm indicates that this measurement point has received values that triggered
an alarm. The values can be High alarms, Low alarms, Relation alarms, or Vector
alarms. The alarm status can be confirmed by acknowledging the alarm from the
alarm list (refer to Alarm list under Show in Menu Items section). After the alarm
has been acknowledged and new data have been stored in the database, the
measurement point will release the alarm status.
Diagnosis alarm indicates that an alarm has been raised by the built-in
intelligent machine diagnostics of the system. The rules and logic of the
diagnosis alarm can be defined in the diagnosis settings section of setting up
measurement points and alarms. Alarm levels for the diagnosis are easily set in
the diagnosis trend plot (refer to Diagnosis under Graphic Displays and Tools in
System Operation)
Diagnosis warning indicates that a warning has been raised by the built-in
intelligent machine diagnostics of the system. The rules and logic of the
diagnosis warning can be defined in the diagnosis settings section of setting up
measurement points and alarms. Warning levels for the diagnosis are easily set
in the diagnosis trend plot (refer to Diagnosis under Graphic Displays and Tools
in System Operation).
Warning indicates that this measurement point has received values that
triggered a warning. A warning is a pre-state prior to alarm which can be High
warnings, Low warnings or Circle warnings. The warning status can be confirmed
by acknowledging the warning in the alarm list (refer to Alarm list under Show in
Menu Items). After the warning has been acknowledged and new data have been
stored in the database, the measurement point will release the warning status.
Not measured indicates that the measurement data are missing for the
measurement point and the system is unable to determine the condition of the
machine. This is the default status for new measurement points.
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Tree View
Hierarchy View
Outside active range indicates that the conditions specified by active ranges on
the measurement point are not met by the system. One or more active ranges
can be configured on measurement points in the spectra settings and trend
settings.
Outside active range unstable indicates that not only the conditions specified by
active ranges on the measurement point are not met by the system but the
measurement is varying too much and triggers the maximum allowed delta value
of the active range making it unstable.
Transient indicates that the measurement point is in transient mode which
means that a run-up or coast-down is currently occurring. Once the run-up or
coast-down of the machine is completed the machine will release the transient
status.
No alarm levels set indicates that the measurement point is active and
measurement data are coming in but there is no configured alarm levels for the
system. The system cannot determine whether the status of measurement point
is acceptable or not.
Ok indicates that the measurement point has no known problems. Data coming
in are valid and reside within the specified active range and measurement range.
Alarm levels are specified for the measurement point and the data are within the
specified alarm and warning levels.
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System Operation
Tree View
Hierarchy View
Priority List of Status
An object in the hierarchy view can have several different states. In such case, the
status with the highest priority is shown in the hierarchy view.
The following are the lists of priorities:
Priority Order for measurement points:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Not active
Cable fault
Outside measurement range
Alarm
Diagnosis alarm
Warning
Diagnosis warning
Not measured
Outside active range unstable
Outside active range
Transient
No alarm levels set
Ok
Priority Order for all the others such as a database, node, machine and sub
machine:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
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Alarm
Diagnosis alarm
Warning
Diagnosis warning
Cable fault
Out of range
Not measured
Transient
Outside active range unstable
Outside active range
OK
No alarm levels set
Not active
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Tree View
Hierarchy View
Interfaces Available on Database Level
These are accessible by right clicking on a database.
· Add allows to add a node or a machine. Refer to Node or Machine under Building a
Hierarchy View in System Configuration section.
· Process overview allows to create user defined mimic displays with measurement
points and links to other displays on top of graphic pictures like drawings, digital
photos, etc. Refer to Process Overview in System Configuration section.
· Report allows to generate documents that contain text based information as well as
diagrams and pictures of selected data. Refer to Report under File in Menu Items.
· Event log displays all the events of IMx-M and IMx-R devices of the specified
database. Refer to Event Log under On-line in Menu Items.
· Configure allows to configure the following functions for the selected database.
- Trend automatic alarm levels
- Diagnose automatic alarm levels
- Recalculate diagnoses
- Disable all measurement points
- Enable all measurement points
- Block alarm on all measurement points
- Remove alarm blocking on all measurement points
· Tools allows to configure the following settings.
- Update graph settings of many measurement points at the same time for the
database.
· Refresh updates the current hierarchy view with the new status, if any.
· Properties allows to edit the properties of the selected database.
Interfaces Available on Node Level
These are accessible by right clicking on a node.
· Add allows to add a node or a machine. Refer to Node or Machine under Building a
Hierarchy View in System Configuration section.
· Process overview allows to create user defined mimic displays with measurement
points and links to other displays on top of graphic pictures like drawings, digital
photos, etc. Refer to Process Overview in System Configuration section.
· Report allows to generate documents that contain text based information as well as
diagrams and pictures of selected data. Refer to Report under File in Menu Items.
· Event log displays all the events of the selected node of IMx-M or IMx-R device.
Refer to Event Log under On-line in Menu Items.
· Delete allows to delete the selected node.
· Configure allows to configure the following functions for the selected node.
- Trend automatic alarm levels
- Diagnose automatic alarm levels
- Recalculate diagnoses
- Disable all measurement points
- Enable all measurement points
- Block alarm on all measurement points
- Remove alarm blocking on all measurement points
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Tree View
Hierarchy View
· Tools allows to configure the following settings.
- Update graph settings of many measurement points at the same time for the
current selection in the hierarchy.
· Refresh updates the current hierarchy view with the new status, if any.
· Properties allows to edit the properties of the selected node.
Interfaces Available on Machine Level
These are accessible by right clicking on a machine.
· Add allows to add a measurement point or a sub machine. Refer to Meas. Points or
Sub Machine under Building a Hierarchy View in System Configuration section.
· Process overview allows to create user defined mimic displays with measurement
points and links to other displays on top of graphic pictures like drawings, digital
photos, etc. Refer to Process Overview in System Configuration section.
· Machine parts allows to compose the selected machine using different machine
parts. Refer to Defining Machine Parts in System Configuration.
· Report allows to generate documents that contain text based information as well as
diagrams and pictures of selected data. Refer to Report under File in Menu Items
section.
· Event log displays all the events of the selected machine of IMx-M or IMx-R device.
Refer to Event Log under On-line in Menu Items.
· Maintenance planner allows to keep track of maintenance tasks. Refer to
Maintenance Planner in System Operation section.
· Copy allows to copy the selected machine to a new location. Refer to Machine Copy
Wizard in System Configuration section.
· Paste allows to paste a sub machine or a measurement point that you just copied in
the selected machine.
· Delete allows to delete the selected machine.
· Tools allows to configure the following settings.
- Update graph settings of many measurement points at the same time based on
the current selection in the hierarchy or for the database.
- Generate machine template opens a dialog for generating a Machine template of
the selected machine.
· Configure allows to configure the following functions for the selected machine.
- Trend automatic alarm levels
- Diagnose automatic alarm levels
- Recalculate diagnoses
- Disable all measurement points
- Enable all measurement points
- Block alarm on all measurement points
- Remove alarm blocking on all measurement points
· Add note allows to add a note for the selected machine or sub machine. Refer to
Notes in System Operation section.
· Add event case allows to add a document report, information and history regarding a
specific event tied to the selected machine. Refer to Event Cases in System
Operation section.
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Tree View
Hierarchy View
· Add attachment allows to attach any file to the selected machine. Refer to Machine
Properties under Creating IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels.
· Tag allows to categorize the selected machine with a specifically defined tag from
the Tag Library.
· Refresh updates the current hierarchy view with the new status, if any.
· Properties allows to edit the properties of the selected machine.
Interfaces Available on Sub Machine Level
These are accessible by right clicking on a sub machine.
· Add allows to add a measurement point. Refer to Meas. Points under Building a
Hierarchy View in System Configuration section.
· Process overview allows to create user defined mimic displays with measurement
points and links to other displays on top of graphic pictures like drawings, digital
photos, etc. Refer to Process Overview in System Configuration section.
· Report allows to generate documents that contain text based information as well as
diagrams and pictures of selected data. Refer to Report under File in Menu Items
section.
· Event log displays all the events of the selected sub machine of IMx-M or IMx-R
device. Refer to Event Log under On-line in Menu Items.
· Copy allows to copy the selected sub machine to a new location directly.
· Paste allows to paste a measurement point that you just copied in the selected sub
machine.
· Delete allows to delete the selected sub machine.
· Trend automatic alarm levels for the selected sub machine.
· Diagnose automatic alarm levels for the selected sub machine.
· Recalculate diagnoses for the selected sub machine.
· Update graph settings of many measurement points at the same time for the
selected sub machine.
· Add note allows to add a note for the selected machine or sub machine. Refer to
Notes in System Operation section.
· Tag allows to categorize the selected sub machine with a specifically defined tag
from the Tag Library
· Refresh updates the current hierarchy view with the new status, if any.
· Properties allows to edit the properties of the selected sub machine.
Interfaces Available on Meas. Point level
These are accessible by right clicking on a measurement point.
· Diagram allows to select and access to a graph display of the measurement point.
· Report generates documents that contain text based information as well as
diagrams and pictures of selected data. Refer to Report under File in Menu Items
section.
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System Operation
Tree View
Hierarchy View
· Event log displays all the events of the selected measurement point of IMx-M or
IMx-R device. Refer to Event Log under On-line in Menu Items.
· Copy the selected measurement point.
· Paste the copied measurement point to a new location.
· Delete the selected measurement point.
· Trend automatic alarm levels for the selected measurement point.
· Diagnose automatic alarm levels for the selected measurement point.
· Recalculate diagnoses of the selected measurement point.
· Add note for the selected measurement point. Refer to Notes in System Operation
section.
· Tag allows to categorize the selected measurement point with a specifically defined
tag from the Tag Library
· Refresh the current hierarchy view with the new status, if any.
· Properties allows to edit the properties the selected measurement point.
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Tree View
System View
System View
The System view shows the database from the system point of view with IMx/MasCon
devices, sensors/channels and measurement points.
To get to the system view screen:
· Click on Show on the toolbar, then select System.
· If the tree view window has been opened already, select System directly from the
tree view window.
Below is an example of a system view.
Figure 5-38: Example of @ptitude Observer system view
By right clicking on a database, node, machine, channel and measurement point, you
may choose to Refresh data or open the Property settings of the selected node and
edit.
By right clicking on a measurement point, you may also choose to open a graphic
display Diagram to edit, Delete the selected measurement point or set a Tag on the
measurement point.
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System Operation
Tree View
Workspace
Workspace
The Workspace is an individual work space consisting of user selected machines'
hierarchy view. It is used to keep track of only machines for which the user is
responsible. Note that a workspace cannot span over several databases.
To open Workspace screen:
· Click on Show on the toolbar, then select Workspace.
· If the tree view window has been opened already, select Workspace directly from
the tree view window.
Below is an example of a Workspace.
Figure 5-39: Example of @ptitude Observer workspace
The configuration of workspace can be done by selecting Workspace from Edit menu.
Refer to Workspace under Edit in Menu Items section.
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Tree View
Diagram View
Diagram View
The Diagram view is a list of saved diagram boxes. Diagram boxes are predefined views
of the data which contain specified graphic settings including selection of measurement
points as well as buffer settings.
To open Diagram screen:
· Click on Show on the toolbar, then select Diagram view.
· If the tree view window has been opened already, select Diagram directly from the
tree view window.
Below is an example of a Diagram view.
Figure 5-40: Example of @ptitude Observer Diagram view
In order to bring up the graphic display with the saved settings, double click on a
selected diagram box.
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System Operation
Tree View
Protection View
Protection View
The Protection view is for IMx-M device only. Protection view manages the handling of
Protection module configurations created with the external tool "IMx-M Manager".
To open Protection view screen:
· Click on Show on the toolbar, then select Protection view.
· If the tree view window has been opened already, select Protection directly from
the tree view window.
Below is an example of a Protection view.
Figure 5-41: Example of @ptitude Observer Protection view
Getting Protection Configuration File from IMx-M Rack
Get PrM Config interface allows to store the Protection configuration file from one of
the Portection modules in an IMx-M Rack and store it to the local hard disk drive. The
Rack needs to be connected via TCP/IP to perform this action.
Importing IMx-M Configuration File to Observer Database
Importing IMx-M configuration file is done on the database level which means that
only IMx-M Master Project files (*.mhf) can be imported. It is not possible to import
individual Slot configuration files.
Right click on the database of the Protection view and select Import. Select a IMx-M
Master Project file stored in the hardware drive.
Creating Protection Measurement Points
Creating Protection measurement points are done on Slot level.
Select a Slot from the Protection view, then click on Create PrM Measurements
button. The @ptitude Observer system will create corresponding protection
measurement points for the selected Slot based on the IMx-M Configuration file.
Synchronizing/Downloading Protection Configuration File
In order to download the configuration file from the Observer database to the IMx-M
Rack, clik on Synchronize PrM Config button.
Important - System must be in disarm mode before Protection configuration
synchronization procedure takes place. Ensure to read "Protection Configuration
Update" chapter in IMx-M User Manual thoroughly and understand it.
If the synchronization is successful, the IMx-M Rack will restart with the new IMx-M
Protection configuration file.
Ensure that there are no circuit faults before the IMx-R Rack can be armed again.
Wait at least 30 seconds before you arm the IMx-R Rack.
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Tree View
Protection View
Arm
This interface is used to arm the IMx-M Rack.
Disarm
This interface is used to disarm the IMx-M Rack.
Important - In order to perform Arm/Disarm, the user needs to specify the PIN code
which is currently in the Slot configuration in the Slot. The default PIN code is 0000.
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System Operation
Graphic Displays and Tools
Graphic Displays and Tools
There are a number of graphical displays available in @ptitude Observer to facilitate
data analysis. The accessibility of graph display depends on the selected item.
To get to a graphic display screen:
1. First select a measurement point, a sub machine or a machine in the hierarchy
view, system view or workspace.
2. Select one of the following graphic display icons on the toolbar. Or if a
measurement point has been selected, you may click on the right mouse button
on the measurement point then click on Diagram and choose a graphic display.
Spectra
Time waveform
Phase
History
3D plot
Topology
Orbit
Profile
Gear inspector
Trend
Bode plot
Trend list
Multi trend
Diagnosis
Polar
Shaft centerline
Airgap
Combination
plots
Graphic Features
· Multi-point analysis is possible in most displays by dragging and dropping more
measurement points onto the same graph. Holding [ctrl key] down while
releasing a measurement point on a graph adds the measurement point on the
display overlaying the data if the graph supports it.
· Legend is included in all displays and gives information on selected values, cursor
positions, type of data and more. Legend can be repositioned and enabled in all
graphs. It can be enabled by checking the Visible field. It also has an option to have
display positioned at Top, Bottom, Left or Right of a graph.'
· Buffer setting sets the depth and conditions on which data to retrieve and display
in the graphs. The access to buffer setting can be done by clicking on the buffer
icon on the toolbar after opening a graph. The graph will be updated with the new
data from the buffer settings automatically. Refer to Buffer in System Operation.
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Graphic Displays and Tools
Graph Settings
Graph Settings
To get to graphic settings:
· Click on the right mouse button on the graphic display screen, then select an
option from the pop-up menu.
· It is also possible to update graphic settings of many measurement points at the
same time by right clicking on a node or a machine in the hierarchy view, then
selecting Tools, and then Update graph settings.
Some of edited graph settings can be saved on the measurement point while the others
are only temporary changes.
· 3D settings allows to edit zoom, rotation and elevation scales for 3D plots.
· Add cursor allows to add available cursors (markers) one at a time in the graph
temporarily. Descriptions of available cursors can be found in Tools for Graph
Display section below.
· Alarm circles hides/shows alarm circles for polar types of plots. One warning
circle (yellow) and one alarm circle (red) is drawn.
· Annotations can be added as temporary notes for the current graph. They can be
useful for printouts of the current graph or screenshots.To add an annotation
right click on the graph and select the menu item Annotation/Add. An text box
should now appear on the top left corner. To edit the text in the text box, double
click on the text box and to end editing click the ESC key on the keyboard. Click on
the mouse and drag the annotation where you want it to be placed.
· Auto alarm is available for diagnosis display only. It is based on the data in the
graph which configures the alarm settings for the built-in intelligent diagnostic
system.
· Copy is available on all graphs in @ptitude Observer. It creates a screenshot of
the graph and puts it in the clipboard.
· Correlation tolerance is available for the multi trend plot only. Correlation
tolerance sets the tolerance how far apart correlated measurements can be in
order for them to be drawn. Valid values can be set to Exact or ranging from 1
second up to 1 hour.
· Curve fitting applies an approximation of a curve fit to the data currently
displayed in the plot. Options are 1st Degree, 2nd Degree, 3rd Degree and None.
· DiagX allows to select machine parts that have the selected frequency from a list.
This edit is temporary. See DiagX in Tools for Graph Display below.
· Exclude from diagnosis calculation allows to exclude an FFT from diagnosis.
· Export is available on all graphs in @ptitude Observer. It brings up an export
dialog where you can select data to export in several different formats, including
Excel and text files.
· Frequency device allows to switch frequency device between Hz, cpm, and Order.
The change made to frequency device can be saved on the measurement point.
· Fault frequencies brings up a dialog where the user can choose machine parts
from the machine that the user is currently analyzing. When one or more machine
parts are selected, the frequencies for them are drawn in the graph. In this way
the user can clearly see if any of the machine parts are rendering high readings.
The frequencies displayed for the machine parts are automatically calculated by
the running speed.
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Graphic Displays and Tools
Graph Settings
· Go to [Double click] for diagnosis display allows to toggle back and forth between
the main diagnosis screen and the one graph selected. Go to [Double click] for
history display opens up the selected history in full screen mode.
· Inverted allows to change the sign of all data in the plot.
· Legend allows to set the preferred position of the legend. Refer to Graphic
Features for detailed information. A general position of legend can be set for all
graph displays at User Preferences under Edit in Main Item
· Line style allows to decide the style of line to graph temporarily. The available line
styles are Line, Point, and Line and point.
· Listen to time waveform allows to listen to time waveform if you have installed a
sound card in your computer.
· Markers allows you to add markers by [shift+click] or remove the nearest marker
by [ctrl+click] temporarily.
· Max scale allows to select a value from a list of pre-defined maximum scale
settings temporarily. Selecting auto will cause the system to select the most
appropriate maximum scale setting for the current data.
· Min scale allows to select a value from a list of pre-defined minimum scale
settings temporarily. Selecting auto will cause the system to select the most
appropriate minimum scale setting for the current data.
· Mode is available for history graphic display only. It allows to change the mode
temporarily between spectra, time waveform, phase, spectra/time waveform, and
spectra/time waveform/phase.
· Noise reduction allows to set the noise reduction level in percentage.
· Palette steps is available for gear inspector graphical display only. It indicates the
total number of different colors used for the display.
· Reference allows to store the current active measurement in the graph as
reference data for the active measurement point. Or it allows to clear the existing
reference data. When setting a measurement as a reference, the measurement
will automatically be set with the Keep forever flag. Keep forever flag can be
edited in Meas. date interface. The reference data are shown in the background of
this graph every time data are displayed for this measurement point.
· Remove DC gives you an option to include the DC part as well as the AC part.
Normally you remove the DC part of the signal when showing time waveform
data.
· Runout compensation is used to remove the problem that un-round shafts
register the shape of the shaft as vibration.
· Save to Diagram Box allows to save the current graph settings under an
assigned name. For detailed information refer to Diagram View under Tree View
in System Operation.
· Scale allows to select a value from the list of pre-defined scale settings. Selecting
Auto will cause the system to select the most appropriate scale setting for the
currently displayed data. In most graphs the mouse wheel can be used to increase
or decrease the max scale. The change made to scale can be saved on the
measurement point.
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Graph Settings
· Scale type allows to switch between Lin (linear) and Log (logarithmic) scale. If Log
is selected, then the system will use the number of decades as the scale. Number
of decades in logarithmic scale is set in User Preferences interface under Edit in
Menu Items section. The change made to scale type can be saved on the
measurement point.
· Scaling allows to change how to display the scaling (detection) of the
measurement temporarily. Scaling options are peak, PtP (peak to peak) or Rms.
The scaling of the measurement point is set back to the original value when you
are done with the particular graph.
· Sectors is available for gear inspector graphical display only. It indicates the
number of gear sectors. The default is 360 which means that there are 360
sectors of 1 degree wide each where as if 180 was chosen, there are 180 sectors
of 2 degrees wide each.
· Set Speed allows for manual adjustment for the speed reading of the current
measurement displayed in the Spectra plot.
· Shaft is available for profile display only. It can be selected to determine for which
shaft the profile should be calculated.
· Show phase is available for trend graphic display only. It brings up the phase
graphic display on a split screen.
· Show pulses is set by default which displays pulses in the graph. It can be unset if
needed.
· Show values allows to see the values in 3D plots.
· Start/stop markers hides/shows the start and stop markers for displays. The
markers typically show the first and the last value drawn in the graph.
· Type allows to select a certain type of orbit graph to display.
· Unit is the measurement device of the data displayed which can be changed
temporarily. Changes can be made between velocity, acceleration and
displacement. The device of the measurement point is set back to the original
value when you are done with the particular graph.
· X-axis allows to change the x-axis value to date/time, speed, process, or values
temporarily. For multi trend plot, it is also possible to set the x-axis to another
measurement point which will correlate the measurements of measurement
points with each other.
· Y-axis allows to change the y-axis value to amplitude or percent temporarily.
· Z-axis is available for 3D plot only. It allows to change the z-axis value to
date/time, speed, process, or even spreading temporarily.
· Zero padding allows to use zero padding temporarily.
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Tools for Graph Display
Tools for Graph Display
There are a vast number of tools available in the graphs to facilitate data analysis. The
tools appear as green icons located on the toolbar.
Fault frequencies brings up a dialog where a user can choose machine parts
from the machine that the user is currently analyzing. When one or more
machine parts are selected, the frequencies for them are drawn in the graph. In
this way the user can clearly see if any of the machine parts are rendering high
readings. The frequencies displayed for the machine parts are automatically
calculated by the running speed.
Previous fault frequency moves the active cursor to the previous machine part.
[ctrl+right arrow key] also moves the active cursor to the previous machine
part.
Next Fault frequency moves the active cursor to the next machine part. [ctrl
+left arrow key] also moves the active cursor to the next machine part.
DiagX is an intelligent part of the system build-in diagnostic system. To use it,
select a frequency in the graph that looks interesting and click DiagX button. A
dialog will appear listing all the machine parts and the probability that the
selected frequency including harmonics belong to a specific machine part. It is an
easy way to find out which part of the machine causes a high peak at a specific
frequency. DiagX feature also works for Sideband and band cursors.
Single Cursor adds a single cursor to the graph. Once a single cursor has been
added, you can switch between cursors by clicking on them which makes cursors
active. A single cursor can be moved with the [left arrow key] or [right arrow
key]. [shift+left arrow key] or [shift+right arrow key] causes a cursor move in
bigger steps.
Band cursor adds a band cursor to the graph. It allows, by dragging the handles
of the band, to position and resize the band freely. A single band cursor can be
moved with [left arrow key] or [right arrow key]. [shift+left arrow key] or
[shift+right arrow key] causes a cursor move in bigger steps.
A band cursor has three handles at the top of the band.
- First handle: makes the band cursor bigger or smaller by clicking and
dragging.
- Third handle: makes the band cursor bigger or smaller by clicking and
dragging.
- Middle handle: repositions the band by clicking and dragging.
Harmonics produces a harmonic cursor of the currently selected frequency. This
cursor can also be moved with [shift key] or [ctrl key] in combination with [left
arrow key] and [right arrow key] or by clicking and dragging with the mouse.
Harmonic cursors can be between 20 and 200 which can be set in User
Preferences in Edit menu item.
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Tools for Graph Display
Sidebands allows to insert a side band marker, marking 5 side bands below and
5 above a X marker.
There are two modes of a side band marker.
- First mode: is the default mode. X is selected. The arrow keys allow you to
move the sideband marker but keep its size.
- Second mode: is set by selecting -1 to -5 or 1 to 5. The arrow keys allow you
to resize the side band cursor.
Amplitude peaks cursor displays the highest peaks in the graph. It consists of a
horizontal line stretching across the graph. The horizontal line is movable in the
vertical axis by clicking and dragging the line. Peaks found above this line are
marked with a number.
Select measurement date allows to select a date to see the measurements from
that date. Double clicking on a date refreshes the graph with the data from the
selected date.
Clear clears the graph of all tools, cursors and other custom markers that have
been added.
Zoom is available on almost all graphs. It allows to zoom in only once at a time.
Once the graph has been zoomed in, the graph is no longer in the zoom mode.
You must re-instate zoom mode by clicking the zoom icon each time you want to
zoom in. Click and drag the mouse button to the desired area. It is also possible
to scroll the zoomed graph while pressing [shift key], click and drag the mouse.
Zoom out brings a graph back to its original size.
Delete deletes a measurement from the database. Spectra, time waveform and
phase are considered as a single measurement, which means that deleting a
spectra will also delete the corresponding time waveform and phase data, if
there are any.
Save saves the current live measurement from the graph to the database. The
measurement will be marked with the storage reason manual because it was
manually saved and not by the time based schedule.
Live reads data immediately from the measurement point(s), and displays the
data in the graph. In order to get live data, a connection to the @ptitude Observer
Monitor computer has to be established. @ptitude Observer sends a request to
@ptitude Observer Monitor which redirects the request to the correct
IMx/MasCon device which then collects the data and sends it back through the
reversed path.
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Spectra
Spectra
Use this icon to generate spectra display of a selected measurement point.
Spectra display show the vibration amplitude as a function of frequency. Regardless of
the input signal type, the amplitude can be shown in acceleration (m/s2 or g), velocity
(mm/s or ips) or displacement (um or mils) using a linear or logarithmic amplitude
scale. All defect frequencies for the whole machine is automatically calculated and can
be easily displayed in a plot as vertical bars.
Harmonics according to defect frequencies or any other frequency can be displayed by
an automatic fitting function. The spectra can be zoomed easily to any frequency range
inside the original spectra. Auto scaling or fixed scales can be applied, and the frequency
scale can be either Hz, cpm, or order.
In addition, spectra display supports the zero padding which can be used to more easily
identify specific peaks in the FFT. With a simple right click, it is possible to set the data
currently displayed in this graph as reference data for the future.
The below is an example of spectra display of binary data type with overlay data and live
data.
Figure 5-42: Example of @ptitude Observer Spectra display
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Time Waveform
Time Waveform
Use this icon to generate a time waveform display of a selected measurement.
Time waveform display shows the vibration magnitude as a function of time. Regardless
of the signal type the amplitude can be shown in acceleration (m/s2 or g), velocity
(mm/s or ips) or displacement (µm or mils). If the measurement on display is triggered
using a digital input, the tacho pulses are shown automatically making it easier to track
each revolution.
The time waveform can be easily zoomed and the scaling can be done automatically or
manually.
By a simple right click on the mouse the user can listen to the time waveform using the
computer speakers and can detect, by listening to the sound of the machine, abnormal
sounds. Listen function of time waveform is opened in an external window. Here, speed
and length of the time waveform can be modified while listening. It can also be played
back.
The below is an example of time waveform display of binary data type with overlay data
and live data.
Figure 5-43: Example of @ptitude Observer Time waveform display
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Phase
Phase
Use this icon to generate a phase display of a selected measurement point.
Phase spectrum shows the phase with respect to the frequency. Combined with the
amplitude spectrum, it is easy to get the phase lag for any peak in the vibration
spectrum. If multiple points are measured synchronously, it is possible to determine the
phase relationship of any peak between two different points, especially if data from
different measurement points are overlayed.
As in time waveform display and in spectrum display, the device can be recalculated on
the fly between acceleration, velocity and displacement and can show relative to the
frequency in Hz, cpm or order.
The phase can be easily zoomed and the scaling ranges can be between -180 and 180
degrees.
The below is an example of phase display of binary data type with overlay data and live
data.
Figure 5-44: Example of @ptitude Observer Phase display
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History
History
Use this icon to generate a history display of a selected measurement point.
History display is used to visualize the variation in machine condition over time in order
to identify impending machine faults. History display supports amplitude spectrum,
phase spectrum and time waveform or any combination of those. By right clicking a
mouse, it is easy to change the type of data or mode parameter to be displayed. If the
single cursor is moved to one of the graphs by the user, all other graphs with the same
data type will also be updated to that position making it easier to follow specific
frequencies over time. The type of data selected to be displayed with the mode
parameter is remembered for this measurement point the next time the history display
is opened.
Zooming in one graph also triggers a zoom in the other graphs with the same data type.
Double clicking on one graph opens up the plot in full size screen mode.
The below is an example of history display of binary data type with no overlay data and
no live data.
Figure 5-45: Example of @ptitude Observer History display
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3D Plot
3D Plot
Use this icon to generate a 3D/waterfall display of a selected measurement point
or multiple selected points when available. 3D illustrates vibration spectra or envelopes
as a function of time, shaft speed, power, temperature, torque or any other DC
parameter. It is commonly used during run-up and coast-down, but can also be used
for all types of data stored in the system. A 3D plot can be rotated and elevated freely by
the user in order to increase visibility and the user can select to display 3D plot as
transparent or filled by the user preferences settings.
As in time waveform display and spectrum display, the device can be recalculated
between acceleration, velocity and displacement. 3D plot can also have a z-axis, also
known as depth axis, setting which allows to display it as a depth function of date/time,
speed or process.
An option “even spreading” displays the FFT data with even spreading on the z-axis is
also available.
The below is an example of 3D plot of binary data type with overlay data and live data.
Figure 5-46: Example of @ptitude Observer 3D plot display
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Topology
Topology
Use this icon to generate a topology display of a selected measurement point.
Topology shows the frequency versus the time or speed and the amplitude color coded.
This is a useful display to study transient data like run-ups or coast-downs. A topology
plot is similar to a 3D plot, but the user is looking at the data from above. With the color
encoding, it is easier for the eye to identify patterns in the data.
As in other displays, the data can be recalculated on the fly to display data in
acceleration, velocity or displacement, and in the depth of date/time, speed or process.
Just like in 3D plot, even spreading of date/time on the z-axis is also possible.
The below is an example of topology display of binary data type with no overlay data and
no live data.
Figure 5-47: Example of @ptitude Observer Topology display
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Orbit
Orbit
Use this icon to generate an orbit display of a selected measurement point or
multiple selected points when available. An orbit display is one of the best ways to
analyze shaft movement. By combining phase and amplitude data from two sensors and
plotting them together, it is possible to determine unbalance and alignment problems.
@ptitude Observer uses two measurement points to generate an orbit display. For the
best result, the measurement points must be measured simultaneously, or measured
with a trigger pulse.
It is also important that the sensors are mounted at approximately 90 degrees from
each other. For two or three axis sensors this is always the case. NOTE: This means if
using separate sensors, they can be mounted at the exact same location.
Trigger pulses in the orbit window are shown if the orbit is made from time signals
which have trigger pulse information stored. The trigger pulses are represented by
small round circles.
The below is an example of orbit graphic display of binary data type with live data but no
overlay data.
Figure 5-48: Example of @ptitude Observer Orbit display
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Profile
Profile
Use this icon to generate a profile display of a selected measurement point.
Profile is a powerful tool which uses triggered acceleration time signal data to represent
an unroundness of any circular object. Examples of possible machines to use this
feature are paper machine rollers and train wheels. The profile display uses
displacement, acceleration, velocity or envelope as the measuring device and the data
are derived from acceleration time signal and smoothness over the round object. To get
an accurate profile, it is necessary to make sure that the minimum number of
revolutions which the time signal contains are at least 20 samples per revolution.
However, for a good representation, it is recommended that there are at least 180
samples per revolution.
The below is an example of profile graphic display with two shafts.
Figure 5-49: Example of @ptitude Observer Profile display
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Gear Inspector
Gear Inspector
Use this icon to generate a gear inspector display of a selected measurement
point. Gear inspector is both a new graphical display and a new intuitive data gathering
technique that helps detecting and visualizing the impact energy as a function of
shaft/gear revolutions. It harnesses the best possible method of detecting this energy
by using all channels in simulations data gathering mode. One graph for each shaft is
plotted in a single view using the treated simultaneous gathered data. Impact energy is
visualized by using a color pallet. Plots are auto-scale and speed deviation are
compensated automatically. Sensing channels can be freely configured using the
measurement groups and sub machine setup.
This is useful in analyzing gearbox problems in constant variable speed and load
application as well as steady state applications. It is effective in detecting broken or
damaged gear teeth problems, loose or warn gears, shaft problems, oval gears and
other cyclic related problems.
The below is an example of gear inspector display.
Figure 5-50: Example of @ptitude Observer Gear inspector display
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Trend
Trend
Use this icon to generate a trend display of a selected measurement point. Trend
shows any type of data such as vibration amplitude/phase or process data as a function
of time, speed or other process data. It is also possible to show the data as a function of
nothing by simply selecting x-axis and values which will cause the graph to display the
data in the order that values were taken. The x-axis setting is preferred when viewing
live data. Not only can the graph display data as a function of speed and process data,
but it can also display bias, process, phase, speed and digital data on extra axes.
In addition, trend displays spectra and notes flags in the plot shown as diamonds and
circles, respectively. These flags can be set by clicking the mouse which then the
corresponding spectra data and note information are displayed to the user making it
easier to follow machine specific maintenance history.
In the legend section of the graph screen, there is an option to have system log
displayed. System log displays all the configuration changes made by the user through
the history. System log is marked with red squares.
During run-up/down a reference measurement can be shown in the same display with
actual values or a value calculated in % of alert level.
Below is an example of trend display of trend data type with live data but no overlay
data.
Figure 5-51: Example of @ptitude Observer Trend display
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Bode
Bode
Use this icon to generate a bode plot of a selected measurement point. Bode plot
shows any type of data such as vibration amplitude/phase or process data as a function
of speed. A Bode plot is identical to that of trend display with x-axis set to speed, and
phase is always visible. For an example of bode plot, refer to Trend diagram.
Trend List
Use this icon to generate a trend list display of a selected measurement point or
measurement points which were selected in the hierarchy. Trend list shows the raw
trend data values in a tabular format. The data can be sorted by clicking on a header of
any column. The data can also be printed as a report.
Figure 5-52: Example of @ptitude Observer Trend list display
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Multi trend
Multi trend
Use this icon to generate a multi trend display of a selected measurement point
or any other node type in the hierarchy view. Multi trend offers extended functionality to
the normal trend plot as it is possible to overlay data from different measurement
points or sources making it easier to compare data and distinguish if machines behave
differently from each other. This display consists of two parts, one trend display and the
other bar display. The trend display shows historical data in the device that the
measurements have, in percent of warning level or simply without any device at all. The
bar graph shows the current cursor value in the trend graph where it is easier to
compare values against each other for the data selected.
The legend here differs from the legend in other graphs because it is grouped by
different types of measurement devices available in all the measurements that are
displayed, and un-checking any of the devices will hide all the measurement points that
use this specific measurement device.
The multi trend can have one active measurement point at a time. The trend graph line
for the active measurement point is thicker and the text for the Y-scale that the active
measurement point uses will be made bold. To switch active measurement point, use
the TAB and the SHIFT+TAB keys. Once a measurement point is selected, the selected
measurement point can be navigated with the arrow keys just like in the normal trend
plot.
The multi trend plot has the ability to correlate measurement data between the
measurement points in the graph by setting the x-axis scale to a specific measurement
point, and stetting a correlation tolerance in time device.
The below is an example of multi trend display of trend data type with overlay data and
live data.
Figure 5-53: Example of @ptitude Observer Multi trend display
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Diagnosis
Diagnosis
Use this icon to generate diagnosis display of a selected measurement point.
This will open the diagnosis display for the measurement point and will display all the
attached diagnoses.
The @ptitude Observer Machine Diagnosis is a powerful tool to display and follow the
progression of machine faults. Sophisticated diagnosis rules can be applied using defect
frequencies of the whole machine with individual alarm level for each measurement
point and for each type of fault. Diagnosis diagram shows calculated diagnosis
parameters over time related to the alarm level. There is a large amount of types of
built-in diagnosis available to the user in order to detect specific common machine
faults like misalignment, cavitation, mechanical looseness, electrical faults and more.
In the diagnosis display, all the different diagnoses attached to a measurement point are
shown in the trend-type of display, and calculated based on spectrum data stored in the
database. This means that diagnosis can be attached and recalculated even after the
measurements have been stored to the database.
The below is an example of diagnosis display of binary data type with no overlay data
and no live data.
Figure 5-54: Example of @ptitude Observer Diagnosis display
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Polar
Polar
Use this icon to generate a polar display of a selected measurement point. Polar
display shows the vibration signal at 1, 2, 3 and 4 times the shaft speed in the complex
domain. The vector is described with amplitude and phase. Polar display is a strong tool
for detecting changes in phase domain, and changes in amplitude or phase. It is often
used to analyze run-ups and coast-downs, but is also useful in analyzing steady state
conditions as well. It is possible to set alarm circle and warning circles facilitating the
process of making sure that the system keeps track of the stable phase. It is also
possible for the user to add custom markers to specific readings to highlight.
The below is an example of polar display of trend data type with live data but no overlay
data.
Figure 5-55: Example of @ptitude Observer Polar display
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Shaft Centerline
Shaft Centerline
Use this icon to generate a shaft centerline display of a selected measurement
point. The shaft centerline display shows the rotor position dynamically and is useful at
run-up. Before the machine starts rotating, the shaft centerline display shows the shaft
position to ensure that the shaft has an appropriate clearance at each bearing. When
the shaft starts to rotate, the shaft position can be watched as the speed increases. To
display shaft centerline data, a shaft centerline measurement point with two channels
need to be configured in @ptitude Observer. Setting the shaft centerline cold gap is
done on the measurement point properties of the shaft centerline point.
The below is an example of shaft centerline display of trend data type and live data but
no overlay data in a circular format.
Shaft centerline can also be displayed in a square format. The selection is set at the
User Preferences setting.
Figure 5-56: Example of @ptitude Observer Shaft centerline display
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Airgap
Airgap
Use this icon to generate an airgap display of a selected measurement point.
Airgap displays the gap for each sensor, the eccentricity and ovality of the machine. It is
done by measuring the air gap between the stator and the rotor in a generator of a
hydro power station, for example.
The below is an example of airgap display.
Figure 5-57: Example of @ptitude Observer Airgap display
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Combination Plots
Combination Plots
Use this icon to display a list of available combination plots in the system.
Combination plots show two or more types of diagrams for the same measurement.
The individual parts of the combination plot often works cooperatively so once one part
is zoomed, the other is also zoomed making it easier to follow the same type of data
from two or more types of displays.
The following combination plots are available.
· Spectra/Time waveform
· Spectra/Phase
· Trend/Spectra
· Diagnosis/Spectra
· Trend/Spectra/Time waveform: this plot follows the cursor on the trend plot
and displays the closest FFT and time waveform.
· Diagnosis/Spectra/Time waveform: this plot follows the cursor on the
diagnosis plot and displays the simultaneous FFT and time waveform.
The below is an example of spectra and time waveform combination plot.
Figure 5-58: Example of @ptitude Observer Spectra and Time waveform combination
display
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Combination Plots
The below is an example of trend and spectra combination plot.
Figure 5-59: Example of @ptitude Observer Trend and Spectra combination display
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Buffer
Buffer
This is the toolbar icon for the buffer selection and settings. The buffer is used to
control and filter which data should be collected from the database for analyzing. You
can specify date ranges, filter parameters, and buffer types.
Figure 5-60: Example of @ptitude Observer Buffer settings
Name identifies this particular settings of the buffer interface.
Date
It allows to select a time or date from the pre-defined list to be used with Backward or
Forward value for the end date range.
· From specifies the start date and time.
· To specifies the range of end date and time.
None
Now: specifies the current date and time for the end range.
Time: a specific time to define the end range.
Backward: specifies a date range backward in time relative to the start time.
The pre-defined dates may be used for this option.
- Forward: specifies a date range forward in time relative to the start time.
-
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Buffer
It specifies from which buffer to collect the data.
· Normal: refers to the data stored in the rolling buffer. The type of data and the
storage interval are set inOperating and Storage Conditions Tab settings when
creating a measurement point .
· Archive: refers to the data stored in a special buffer called archive. This buffer
stores one measurement data every 10 minutes. It can hold up to 80 000
measurement data which are equivalent to data collected in 1½ years. The type of
data and the storage interval are set in trend setting when creating a
measurement point .
· Transient: refers to the data captured during transient. Therefore, for this type of
buffer, a specific transient of a measurement group must be selected.
Data limitations
Data limitations allow to enter the amount of values (Static value, Dynamic values and
Polar values) that can be retrieved.
Filter
· Process allows filtering of process readings such as temperature and load. This is
applicable only if the measurement point had an associated process point
configured.
· Speed allows filtering of speed readings. This is applicable only if the
measurement point had an associated speed point configured.
· Digital allows filtering of digital input on or off. This is applicable if the
measurement point had an associated digital point configured.
· Data tagging allows the filtering of material or characteristic related data that are
marked with a specific tag. Data can be tagged manually with Software data
tagging point or automatically by OPC data tagging points.
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Notes
Notes
A note is defined as an observation or action taken, related to a machine. Typical notes
are maintenance activities and visual observations.
To get to Notes screen, select a machine then perform one of the following options:
·
Click on
Notes icon on the toolbar.
·
Click Edit from the tool bar menu options, then select Notes.
The notes window displays the notes for the selected object in the hierarchy. Although a
note is a machine-specific object, if an object of machine level or above is selected, then
all notes under that object will be displayed.
It is possible to filter out specific notes based on date and title of notes. If a hyperlink is
specified along with the note, then it can be opened by clicking the hyperlink for the
selected note in the notes window. The notes window is automatically linked to the
hierarchy. Therefore, selecting an item in the hierarchy updates the notes window
automatically with the notes of the newly selected object. You can turn off the link by
clicking on
link to hierarchy icon on the toolbar.
Use New, Edit or Delete option to configure notes.
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Notes
Configuring a Note
Configuring a Note
Figure 5-61: Example of @ptitude Observer Notes settings
· Location indicates for which machine or measurement point the note is being
configured.
· Title allows to categorize the notes and select which a type of note. To add a new
title to the system click Add next to the title which brings up the new note title screen
where you can enter a title.
· Date sets the date and time for the note. When creating a new note, the current date
and time is set as default. However, the date and time may be altered if you are
registering an event from the past.
· Priority allows to categorize the notes in severity level.
· Picture is a picture in the database associated with the note.
· Hyperlink is a document or webpage associated with the note where more
information regarding the note can be found. This document or hyperlink can be
accessed from the notes list window by clicking the hyperlink of the selected note.
· Receiver allows to specify which group of users to receive the note. Groups are
created by Receivers interface in Libraries under Database.
· Comment is the information text or content of the note.
· Signature is the person who created the note.
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System Operation
Event Cases
Event Cases
Event cases can be created in the Observer system in order to keep track and
document reports, information and history regarding a specific event tied to a specific
machine.
New event cases can be created on machine level:
·
Right click on a machine from the hierarchy view then choose Add Event case.
·
or select a machine, click on the Event cases icon on the tool bar, then click on
New button on the Event cases window.
The event cases window displays the event case reports for the selected object in the
hierarchy. Although event cases are machine-specific, if an object of machine level or
above is selected, then all event case reports under that object will be displayed.
Reports can be created to inform a customer or a department of actions that need to be
taken care of regarding the event.
The reports are stored to the event case and can be reviewed and followed-up at a later
time. The report is editable until the report is released by setting the status of the
report to “released”.
Each report in the event case can produce a document at any time in word or .pdf
format which can automatically be sent as en email and/or stored as an attachment on
the machine.
A report contains a number of assessments which typically are used to inform
customers or internal departments of important information by the data analysts in
Observer. An assessment consists of an assessment text and a recommendation how to
handle the information detected in the assessment.
A severity level can be set in the form of a “classification level” and the assessment can
be tied to a specific machine part if desired.
To the assessments, pictures can be added which will also be printed in the document
that can be produced from a report. These pictures are typically screen shots of graphs
in Observer indicating a defect or problem of some kind, but any picture can be added.
Event case report layouts define how the documents should look like. For more
information, see Report Library.
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Event Cases
Figure 5-62: Example of @ptitude Observer Event Cases
· Case number is a unique number that can be used to track this case. The case
number consists of a counter and a prefix. The prefix can be set in the options form.
The case number in combination with the report number can be printed on the event
case report documents that can be generated.
· Status of the report.
· Defect category can be used to group this specific case to a specific type of defect.
· Title can be used to group this specific case with a specific title.
· Description is a custom description that can be entered for the case.
Of all the above information, only the case number will be printed on any document
generated from an event case report.
Reports Tab
Existing report(s) can be added, edited or deleted. A document can be generated by
selecting a report and click on Create document.
History Tab
It lists all the related history of the selected event case report. New history can be
added or existing history can be edited or deleted.
Measurements Tab
Any measurements which are related to the selected event case report can be added,
edited or deleted.
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System Operation
Event Cases
Editing an Existing Event Case Report
Editing an Existing Event Case Report
Figure 5-63: Example of @ptitude Observer Report
· Machine displays the machine for which this event case report was created.
· Date/Time sets the creation date and time of the report.
· Status indicates the status of the report. Options are “In progress”, “To be approved”
, “Rejected” and “Released”. When a report status is set to “Released”, the report can’
t be edited any more.
· Report number is an automatic number incremented by 1 each time a new report is
created for the specific event case.
· Description is a custom description that can be entered for the report.
· Assessments lists all assessments created for the report. A new assessment can be
added. Existing assessments can be edited or deleted.
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Event Cases
Editing an Existing Event Case Report
Figure 5-64: Example of @ptitude Observer Assesment
ü Classification is used to classify the severity assessment in a scale from one to
ten.
ü Machine part can be selected from the existing machine parts of the machine if
this assessment applies to a machine part. It is also possible to enter a free text
machine part.
ü Assessment is the data analysis detected or description of the event.
ü Recommendation of actions that needs to be taken in response to the
assessment.
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System Operation
Maintenance Planner
Maintenance Planner
Maintenance planner interface allows to configure maintenance tasks such as
lubrication, replacements, maintenance schedule, etc. by keeping track of machine
assets running hours or calendar time.
To get to Maintenance planner screen, perform one of the following options:
·
Right click on a machine from the hierarchy view or workspace then select
Maintenance planner.
·
Select a machine, then click on
toolbar.
Maintenance planner icon on the
Figure 5-65: Example of @ptitude Observer Maintenance planer
Asset management allows to add, edit or delete assets along with assets maintenance
task actions. Note that an asset has to be assigned first before a maintenance task
action can be added, edited or deleted.
History displays the executed maintenance tasks of the selected asset. History items
can be edited or deleted.
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Measurement Date
Measurement Date
Measurement date interface lists measurement date of the selected
measurement point. It allows to configure the storage information of the selected
measurement data from the list.
·
Measurements list displays data information. Keep forever means that the selected
measurement is set as a reference forever until it is edited otherwise.
·
Edit allows to change the date, time, option to keep forever or not, option to
exclude from diagnosis, speed, and process data.
·
Delete allows to delete the selected measurement data from the database.
·
Add allows to add data tagging specific information for Software data tagging points
only.
·
Export ODS data allows to export a selected measurement incident to a universal
file format (UFF) which then can be imported into a software that can do machine
movement animation such as ME' Scope.
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Menu Items
6
Menu Items
The following are the menu items available in @ptitude Observer.
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
File
Edit
Show
Database
On-line
Portables
Window
Help
File
File menu provides the following interfaces.
·
·
·
·
·
·
Manage databases
Add external database
Remove external database
Report
Log off
Exit
Manage Databases
Manage databases interface provides the ability to connect to a database or jump from
one database to another within @ptitude Observer without leaving the current log-on
session. This is an important asset when you have to analyze data spread over several
databases. You may add an new database, and edit or remove an existing database.
Figure 6-66: Example of @ptitude Observer database connections
· Set as default: allows to set a database as a default database with which the system
starts.
· Remove default allows to remove the default database setting.
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File
Manage Databases
Adding/Editing a Database
Figure 6-67: Example of @ptitude Observer database connection settings
· Name identifies the registered database connection on local computer.
· Name/IP Address is the server name/IP address entered or selected from the list of
detected servers. (local) refers to the computer on which @ptiude Observer is
currently running.
· Authentication is for SQL Server only which allows to select between Windows
authentication and SQL Server authentication.
- Windows authentication: is applicable if connecting to an SQL server in the same
domain as your computer with a common domain controller, or if the SQL server
is installed on the local computer.
- SQL Server authentication: should, and can be used in all other scenarios.
· User name is the database user name.
· Password is the password for the user.
· Parameters allows to enter any additional parameter to the database connection.
For example, Network=DBMSSOCN means that the connection should be forced to
use TCP/IP protocol. Auto translate=false can resolve DBCS character issues on
systems with DBCS languages such as Korean, Japanese and Chinese.
· Database specifies which database to use. You may select a database to connect
from the drop-down list. The list includes all available @ptiude Observer databases
on the specific database server.
· Observer monitor settings are Name/IP address and Port of the @ptitude Observer
Monitor that is serving the database server you are about to select. This setting
assigns which port the monitor should use to communicate with @ptitude Observer
and IMx devices. The port default value is 1000.
The port setting should be the same as the TCPPortClient parameter specified in the
monitor .ini file of the @ptitude Observer Monitor application.
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Menu Items
File
Add External Database
Add External Database
Add external database interface allows to add an external database registration to the
hierarchy. In an enterprise solution where it is common that you work in several
databases, it is convenient to add the databases as external databases which then
enables you to access all databases from the same hierarchy. The external database
can be a database on the same database server or it can be on a different server.
Figure 6-68: Example of @ptitude Observer add external database
·
Properties Name is what you would like to call the external database.
·
Properties Description is a user entered text based information about the
external database.
·
The attributions of Database connection settings are same as in Connection
interface of Add/Editing a Database under Manage Databases.
·
Linked database access grants user(s) with access to the specified external
database.
Remove External Database
Remove external database allows to remove the selected external database from the
hierarchy view. Note that It is not possible to remove the main database.
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Menu Items
File
Report
Report
Report interface allows to generate documents that contain text based information as
well as diagrams and pictures of selected data.
Figure 6-69: Example of @ptitude Observer select data for report
Database is the database from which this report will be generated.
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Menu Items
File
Report
Data Selection Tab
Data selection enables you to select exactly which machines and measurement
points to include in the report.
General Tab
General allows to set formatting rules for the report and to select types of machine
information that should be included. Different types of lists, like alarm lists can also
be included.
·
Content prints the “Table of contents” at the beginning of the report, if
checked..
·
Machine data prints the extended machine information for each machine
included in the report, if checked.
·
Notes includes all the notes related to the selected machines during the
date/time range entered, if checked.
·
Overall level includes the overall value list related to the selected
measurement points from the date/time entered, if checked.
·
Alarm list includes alarm information related to the selected measurement
points during the date/time range entered according to the filtering option
and status option, if checked.
·
Page break between machines forces a page break on the printout
between machines, if checked.
·
Show report automatically when generating shows the report in the
selected format after the creation of the report has been finished, if
checked.
·
Send report to printer sends the report immediately to a printer after it
has been created, if checked.
·
Keep temporary files keeps all the temporary files required for the
creation of the report including pictures, if checked.
Diagram Tab
Diagram allows to select desired graph settings to be included in the report along
with date or value range.
Load template loads report settings.
Save template saves report settings you have created as a template.
Log Off
Log off logs the current user off and allows another user to log on to the system.
Exit
Exit stops the current system session.
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Menu Items
Edit
Edit
Edit menu provides the following interfaces.
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Multiple point update wizard
Workspace
Copy node (Ctrl+C)
Paste (Ctrl+V)
Notes
Event cases
User preferences
Properties
Multiple Point Update Wizard
Refer to Multiple Point Update Wizard in System Configuration.
Workspace
Workspace interface brings up the workspace manager screen. A workspace is a
specific part of the hierarchy that should be grouped together. For example, a
workspace can be grouped by a user’s responsibility. The workspace manager keeps
track of all the workspaces in a database and allows to create new workspaces or edit
already existing ones. For portable data collectors, a workspace can be used as a way to
define certain machines of which the user needs to keep track.
Figure 6-70: Example of @ptitude Observer workspace manager
· Database is where the workspace you would be working with resides.
· Open displays the selected workspace from the workspace manager screen in the
workspace view of tree view window.
· New allows to create a new workspace.
· Edit allows to change the currently selected workspace.
· Remove allows to delete the workspace from the database.
· Cancel closes the workspace manager window.
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Menu Items
Edit
Workspace
Editing a Workspace
Figure 6-71: Example of @ptitude Observer workspace
In order to configure the workspace contents, drag an element from the hierarchy view
to the workspace on the location where the node should be positioned then drop it.
Available Interfaces for different level of nodes are the same as in Hierarchy View.
Copy Node
Copy node (Ctrl+C) interface allows to copy a selected node in the hierarchy to memory.
If a machine or a submachine is selected, the machine copy wizard will start and guide
you through the copy process. Refer to Machine Copy Wizard in System Configuration.
Paste
Paste (Ctrl+V) interface allows to paste the copied measurement point from the
memory to the selected location in the hierarchy view.
Notes
This interface displays a list of notes for the selected object in the hierarchy. Refer to
Notes in System Operation.
Event Cases
Event cases can be created in the Observer system in order to keep track and document
reports, information and history regarding a specific event tied to a specific machine.
Refer to Event Cases in System Operation section.
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Edit
User Preferences
User Preferences
User preferences interface is where all the customized settings for the individual users
are set.
Figure 6-72: Example of @ptitude Observer user preferences settings
General Tab
· Show alarm notification displays a flashing alarm icon on the top right corner of
Observer screen upon alarm, if this field is checked.
· Play alarm signal upon alarm triggers the sound through the speakers of the
computer upon alarm, if this field is checked.
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Edit
User Preferences
· Process overview update rate tells the software how often the process overview
display should ask the @ptitude Observer Monitor computer for new values to
display in the process overview. NOTE: If this value is set too low, then it will cause
tremendous stress to the application as well as database.
· Event Log update rate tells the software how often the Event Log window shall be
refreshed if it is open and the Auto refresh is enabled. NOTE: If this setting is set too
low, then it will cause tremendous stress to the application as well as database.
· Signature allows the user to insert ones own handwritten signature. This signature
can automatically be written to event case report printouts.
· Contact information sets the contact information for the user.
Diagram Tab
· Diagram legend position sets the preferred position of the legend available in most
graphs. Note that different legend positions are available for different types of
graphs. If the specified position is not available for a specific graph, then the software
will choose and appropriate position for you automatically.
· Num. decimals for phase sets the number of decimals to display for phase in the
Trend, Polar and Trend List graphic displays.
· No. of decades in logarithmic scale allows to change the way the logarithmic scale
works for graphs. It can be between 2 and 5 decades.
· Labels allows to choose how to display labels in graphs. Labels can be set to be
displayed as transparent as well.
· Cursor point size sets the size of the cursor points for single cursors and other tools
mostly for the phase spectrum and time waveform graphs.
· Anti-aliasing allows to decide if graphs should be displayed with smoothing
(anti-aliasing) On or Off. Some users prefer to display graphics in any application as
anti-aliased. However, in order to analyze data sometimes it is easier to detect a
problem with anti-aliasing off.
· Harmonics allows to set the number of harmonics for the harmonic cursor. It can be
between 20 and 200.
· Filled 3D plot
- True: fills the spectrum area as shown in the 3D plot graph display.
- False: makes the areas transparent.
· Inverted 3D Plot inverts the depth scale of the 3D plot.
· Zero degree position is the position of 0° in Polar type of plots.
· Angular rotation determines which direction of the angle increase in Polar type of
plots.
· Shaft centerline determines if the shaft centerline plot should be visualized in
circular or square format.
· Filled markers shows the point markers as filled or transparent in some diagrams
- True: shows the point markers as filled in some graphic displays.
- False: shows the point markers transparent in some graphic displays.
· Use modern icons shows modern icons if checked True. Otherwise older version of
icons are displayed.
- True: displays modern icons.
- False: displays older version of icons.
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Edit
User Preferences
· Use large icons shows bigger icons if checked True. Otherwise, the system displays
small icons.
· Time precision sets the detailed level of the second fraction of the time in the plots.
· Plot type for linking sets the plot type that should be opened when clicking on a
measurement diamonds in the trend and diagnosis plot.
· Background allows to specify the background image of graphs. The default is
watermark image.
Diagram colors Tab
Here are all the available options for different colors in the graph. You can change
everything from the background color of the graph to the color of tools.
Toolbar buttons Tab
Here you may choose only certain toolbar buttons to be displayed.
Properties
This interface provides properties of the selected item in the hierarchy view, system
view or workspace view.
·
For measurement point properties refer to Setting up Measurement Points and
Alarms in System Configuration.
·
For machine properties refer to Machine Properties under Creating
IMx/MasCon Devices and Channels in System Configuration.
·
For node properties refer to Node under Building a Hierarchy View in System
Configuration.
·
For database properties refer to Add External Database under File in Menu
Items.
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Menu Items
Show
Show
Show menu provides the following interfaces.
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Tree view
Filter
Hierarchy
System
Workspace
Diagram View
Protection View
Alarm list
System alarm
Maintenance Overview
Message Center
Refresh
Dashboard
Tree View
Tree view shows or hides the tree view window containing the hierarchy view, system
view, workspace view, Diagram view and Protection view. Refer to Tree View in System
Operation. Hiding the tree view window provides more area available for graphs on the
screen.
This interface can also be accessed by clicking on
toolbar.
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Menu Items
Show
Filter
Filter
This interface filters the hierarchy view according to the set of rules specified by users.
Figure 6-73: @ptitude Observer pointer filter
·
Name is the name of the filter to use.
·
Type is the type of points you would like to see which can be selected from the
drop-down list.
·
Status is the status of points you would like to see which can be selected from
the drop-down list.
·
Description is the description of the points you would like to see.
·
Enabled displays points according to the value you decided.
- None: displays all the points regardless of whether they are enabled or
disabled.
- Yes: displays only the points which are enabled.
- No: displays only the points which are disabled.
·
Tag is used to filter by the selected tag(s).
·
Reset sets filter settings back to the system generated settings.
Hierarchy
Hierarchy view brings up the hierarchy view in the tree view window. Refer to Hierarchy
under Tree View in System Operation.
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Menu Items
Show
System
System
System brings up the system view in the tree view window. Refer to System under Tree
View in System Operation.
Workspace
Workspace brings up the workspace in the tree view window. Refer to Workspace under
Tree View in System Operation.
Diagram View
Diagram View brings up the hierarchical view of saved diagram boxes in the tree view
window. Refer to Diagram under Tree View in System Operation.
Protection View
Protection View brings up the IMx-M Protection configuration hierarchy view in the tree
view window. Refer to Protection View under Tree View in System Operation.
Alarm List
Alarm list interface brings up the alarm list for the selected item in the hierarchy view
and displays all the alarms under this item and sub-items in the alarm list. The alarm
list can also be opened by clicking on
Alarm list icon on the toolbar.
By default the alarm list is linked to the hierarchy view. Therefore, the alarm list gets
refreshed every time a new node is selected in the hierarchy view. The link status is
indicated by [Alarm list(Linked)] keyword on the top of the screen. The link can be turned
off by clicking on
link to hierarchy icon on the toolbar.
· Filter
- Not acknowledged: the alarms that have not been recognized and not analyzed by
any user yet.
- Acknowledged: the alarms that have been acknowledged by any user.
- None: all alarms regardless of the acknowledgement status.
· Acknowledge all acknowledges all the alarms.
· Acknowledge acknowledges only the selected alarm(s).
· Print allows to print the alarm list.
Alarm list can be sorted by any column.
System Alarm
The System alarm interface shows measurements out of range and system related
alarms such as defective sensors, cables, etc. In addition, the @ptitude Observer
Monitor startups and a loss of contact between MasCon device and the @ptitude
Observer Monitor are registered as well. This is a good place to start for
troubleshooting a hardware error.
System alarm list can be sorted by any column. The attributes of the system alarm
settings are the same as in Alarm List, above.
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Show
Maintenance Overview
Maintenance Overview
Maintenance overview interface allows to review the maintenance tasks
scheduled in the future. You can review the maintenance tasks whether they have been
notified but not yet executed, or they are overdue. The description on how to set
maintenance tasks is found in Maintenance Planner under System Operation section.
Message Center
Message Center interface enables the user to send/receive messages to/from other
users within Observer. This can be a helpful tool for those som work on a same
database to notify and communicate with each other.
Refresh
This interface forces to refresh the hierarchy view, system view or workspace view.
Refresh can also be accessed by clicking on
Refresh icon on the toolbar.
DASHBOARD
"DASHBOARD" screen provides Notifications, News Feed and Message Center interfaces
which can be navigated by clicking on icons on the upper right-hand corner of the
dashboard screen.
· Notifications displays whether there are any notifications of which the user
should be aware.
· News Feed informs users of new features in the currently released version. It is
also accessible via News in Observer under Help menu tab.
· Message Center enables the user to send/receive messages to/from other users
within Observer. It is also accessible via Message Center under Show menu tab.
First time access to Dashboard displays Notifications.
The subsequent access to Dashboard displays one of three above interfaces that has
been accessed most recently.
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Menu Items
Database
Database
Database menu provides the following interfaces.
· Users
· Database information
· System log
· Pictures
· Diagnoses
· Libraries
· Export
· Import
· Alarm group
· Measurement groups
· Options
· Delete data
· Data miner
Users
This interface brings up the Users window which displays existing users. If you have the
right to configure users, it is possible to add new users, and edit or delete existing
users.
Figure 6-74: Example of @ptitude Observer users list
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Database
Users
Configuring a User
Figure 6-75: Example of @ptitude Observer user configuration
User Details
·
·
·
·
·
User name is the login name of the user.
Password sets the password. User passwords are case sensitive.
First name is the users real first name.
Last name is the users real last name.
E-mail is the email address that will be used for notifications and/or status
information selected.
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Menu Items
Database
Users
User Rights Tab
· Role is pre-configured groupings of user rights.
- Operator is designed for a typical system operator who does not analyze data
but has the possibility to check and acknowledge incoming alarm and write new
notes.
- Analyst is designed for a typical analyst who has more user rights than an
operator.
- Super user has full access to @ptitude Observer and to all of its features.
- Custom makes it possible to configure a user with the individual specific user
rights.
- Process viewer is designed for an operator who has the possibility to monitor
and/or configure Process overview only.
· User rights are privileges of the user. Privileges are assigned by the system
according to the role. However, if the role is Custom, privileges can be hand
selected.
- Acknowledge alarm allows the user to acknowledge alarms.
- Edit alarm conditions allows the user to edit alarm conditions.
- Configure system allows the user to configure how the system collects and
stores data.
- Configure users allows the user to create new users and edit existing user
privileges.
- Lock to process overview allows the user to only review and monitor Process
overview.
- Configure process overview allows the user to review, monitor, and configure
Process overview.
- Transfer measurement data allows the user to transfer measurement data as
well as route lists.
- Edit Event Cases allows the user to edit event cases for machines
- Config Attachment allows the user to add and edit attachments to machines.
- Config Node Tags allows the user to set and change tags in the hierarchy.
- Edit route list allows the user to create and edit route lists.
- Read Notes allows the user to view notes in the system.
- Edit notes allows the user to create and edit notes.
- Edit diagram boxes allows the user to create and edit the content in diagram
boxes.
- Reset maintenance interval allows the user to reset the maintenance interval in
the Maintenance Planner.
- MVB Configuration allows the user to be able to edit MVB Configuration which
is available for IMx-R devices only.
- Read Event Cases allows the user to read event cases for machines.
- Read Attachments allows the user to open attachments saved on machines.
- Read Node Tags allows the user to see the node tags set in the hierarchy.
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Database
Users
· Linked Database Access grants access to the selected database(s).
Notifications Tab
· Send Alarm notifications lets the user receive periodic emails about alarms
whenever alarms are available at a system configurable interval. The alarm report
interval is set at E-mail settings tab within Options interface under Database.
· Send System alarm notifications lets the user receive periodic emails about
system alarms whenever system alarms are available at a system configurable
interval. The alarm report interval is set at E-mail settings tab within Options
interface under Database.
· Send Monitor service status information lets the user receive periodic emails
about the condition and status of the monitor service in addition to database
condition. The status report interval is set at E-mail settings tab within Options
interface under Database.
· Format offers three different types;
- HTML can be used if your email provider supports displaying HTML emails.
- Plain sends the email as plain text completely unformatted.
- Truncated minimizes the size of the email which in turn contains less details in
the email. This is especially useful if your emails are forwarded to a mobile
phone as SMS.
· Use Custom Topic is a specific topic which will be used whenever the system
delivers the selected notification(s) to the user. This is useful when a user has en
email provider who offers a phone number recognition as the topic, for example
"+46 070 XXXX XXXX". In such case, if the use sets the Custom Topic to "+46 070
XXXX XXXX", the email notification(s) will be automatically forwarded to the
specified number as SMS.
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Menu Items
Database
Database Information
Database Information
Database information provides detail information on the SQL server database status. It
is SQL specific, therefore is not available for Oracle database users.
To get to the database information screen:
· Click on Database on the toolbar, then select Database information.
Figure 6-76: Example of @ptitude Observer database information
The database information displays the following:
· Current database situation of the selected database.
· Historical database growth trend with a predictive future trend if using on-line
systems with @ptitude Observer Monitor.
· In-depth information about the SQL server operations.
· Memory information about the local computer.
· The total number of measurement points in the database
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Database
System Log
System Log
The system log is a list of the configuration changes made to the system.
This includes all types of measurement points, channel information and hardware
configuration of IMx/MasCon devices.
However, if you want to see changes on a specific measurement point, channel or
IMx/MasCon device, it can be done by clicking on System log at the measurement point
screen, channel edit screen or IMx/MasCon edit screen respectively.
Figure 6-77: Example of @ptitude Observer system log
The list can be filtered and grouped by database, object type, and type.
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Database
Pictures
Pictures
Pictures interface gives you the capability to manage the pictures stored in the
database. Pictures in the database can then be used to set up notes, process overview
and graph display background of user preferences.
Figure 6-78: Example of @ptitude Observer pictures interface
· Database is where the pictures you are to work with reside.
· Add allows adding pictures to the database to be used for display purposes.
· Edit replaces the current picture by another one.
· Remove allows removing the selected picture from the database.
· Export allows exporting the selected picture to a selected path. It can be used to
transfer pictures between databases.
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Diagnoses
Diagnoses
Diagnosis Rules
When viewing a frequency spectrum, it can be a difficult task to find out which machine
part causes the particular frequency. To make this analysis easier, there are
ready-made formulas which link frequencies and harmonics together with the correct
machine part and correct cause of error. These formulas are called diagnosis in
@ptitude Observer, and are an excellent tool to use which allows the system to
automatically and intelligently diagnose machine and machine parts for possible fault
modes.
The machine diagnostics are built from a specific set of rules which are called
diagnostic rules. There are two types of diagnostic rules, those defined by SKF are
called Standard diagnostic rules and those defined by the user are called Custom
Diagnosis rules.
To select which diagnosis rule to attach to a specific machine, refer to Machine
Properties.
Figure 6-79: Example of @ptitude Observer diagnosis handling screen
· Export allows to save the selected diagnosis to a local file.
· Import allows import of a previously exported diagnostic rule .
· List attached displays a list of any attached diagnosis in the system built from the
selected diagnostic rule.
· Share to SKF OR allows to share the selected diagnosis rule to SKF Online
Repository Users. Only custom diagnosis rules can be shared.
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Diagnoses
· Add / Edit / Delete allows to create/ change configuration / delete a diagnosis with
user defined rules.
Creating a custom rule
Figure 6-80: Example of @ptitude Observer creating custom diagnostic rule.
· Diagnosis type is the categorization type of this rule.
· Name is a user defined name to use for this rule.
· Title is displayed for all measurement points that implement this particular
diagnosis.
· Unit defines the devices in which this diagnosis should be trended.
· Type selects a type of data upon which the calculation is based.
· Calculation
- Rms calculates the Rms value for the selected frequencies.
- Sum calculates the sum of the selected frequencies.
- % of Overall calculates the Rms of the selected frequencies and divides it by the
overall.
- Peaks counts the number of peaks in the selected frequencies.
- Frequency finder finds the highest peak and trends its frequency.
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Diagnoses
· Noise reduction applies a filter that removes the noise from the spectra before
the calculation begins, if checked.
· Search range performs a search for maximum amplitudes within this range.
· Description is a brief description describing the diagnosis. It is recommended but
not necessary when creating customized diagnosis rules.
· Alarm type sets the alarm for the diagnosis.
- Absolute means that the alarm values are set in engineering devices.
- Relative means that the alarm levels are set in percent of a baseline level. The
baseline level is calculated based on a number of historical values.
· Alarm/Warning sets the default alarm/warning levels. Setting the alarm/warning
levels to zero means that automatic alarm/warning settings and @ptitude
Observer will adjust the alarm/warning levels when new data arrive. After five
measurements have been taken, @ptitude Observer will save the alarm/warning
levels.
· Blocks are different types of frequencies used in the calculation. Use the arrow
buttons on the left side to rearrange the order of the blocks. Block can be
configured by adding, editing, or deleting.
Figure 6-81: Example of @ptitude Observer diagnosis block settings
- Name is the name of the block.
- Prompt is what to ask the user when attaching the diagnosis. If prompt is the
same on the other blocks the user will be asked only once.
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Database
Diagnoses
- Calculation can add and subtract frequencies from the calculation, or zero out
by setting the amplitude for the selected frequency to zero.
- Type is the type of the frequency to use. Depending on your selection of type,
different parameters appear.
- Direction specifies in which direction the data should be calculated.
- Harmonics specifies the umber of harmonics that should be included in the
calculation.
- Multiple allows to enter a number to multiply the frequency. Default is 1.
- Frequency specifies the frequency in cpm (cycle per minute) that should be
monitored.
- Sidebands Type selects the sidebands type.
List Diagnoses That Needs Attention
This interface lists all attached diagnoses that are incorrectly configured for the entire
database. There are a few reasons why this could happen and one of the most common
reason is that a machine part that a specific diagnostic are using for its calculation, has
been deleted or replaced from the machine. The system does not know how to calculate
the diagnostics and now it is flagged as a diagnosis that needs attention by the user.
Click on the edit button to reconfigure any diagnosis that needs attention.
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Database
Libraries
Libraries
Libraries interface has the following functions available.
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
Bearing library
Report library
Receivers
Tag library
Data tagging group
Machine template library
Create machine template
Bearing Library
Bearing library allows you to edit the bearing database of @ptitude Observer and find
information on any of the listed bearings. When building machine parts, the system only
allows for the selection of bearing available in this database. However, you can add user
defined bearings to the system.
Figure 6-82: Example of @ptitude Observer bearing library
The bearing database contains data for the bearings used in diagnosis and frequency
calculations in @ptitude Observer. This makes it easy to identify and detect bearing
defects and damages.
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Database
Libraries
Report Library
The report library contains layouts for event case reports. The layouts are design files
generated with crystal reports. If you wish to generate new layouts to use in the event
case reporting interface these can be designed with crystal reports software which is
available for purchase at many software vendors.
A new layout for event case report can be added. Existing layout for event case report
can be edited or deleted as well.
Figure 6-83: Example of @ptitude Observer
·
Name for the layout.
·
Description for the layout.
·
File is the crystal report design file (.rpt) to use for the layout.
Receivers
Receivers interface allows to create, edit or delete a group of receivers for the selected
database. This group is used when selecting a receiver for notes. Refer to Notes in
System Operation. By naming each group meaningfully, it can be served as a better
distribution method of notes.
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Libraries
Tag Library
In Observer it is possible to “tag” measurement points or machines with specific
customized tags. These tags are configured in the tag library. There can be several tags
configured in the library, ranging from A to Z. When configuring a tag, you can select a
letter (A to Z) that should be used as a graphical identifier of the icon and the color of
the icon.
Figure 6-84: Example of @ptitude Observer Tag library
Setting the color of the icon is done by clicking on the edit text in the Color column.
Setting the description of the tag is done by clicking in the description column and
entering the description of the tag.
Once a tag has been created in the library, the tag can be used to tag measurement
points or machines. Tagged measurement points and machines will be marked with a
tag after the name of the node as displayed in the following screenshot.
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Libraries
Figure 6-85: Example of @ptitude Observer hierarchy view with a tag
To tag a specific measurement point or machine open the properties form and click on
the inactive tag icon.
Figure 6-86: Example of @ptitude Observer setting a tag
Select a tag to set it on the selected measurement point or a machine.
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Libraries
Data Tagging Group
It allows to create, edit or delete a data tagging group. Note that in order to be able to
create a data tagging measurement point, there must be an existing data tagging group.
Machine Template Library
It displays machine templates and allows to perform the following interfaces.
·
·
·
Delete deletes a template from the machine template library.
Export exports a machine template to a file with the file extension of .omt.
Import imports a machine template from a file into the machine template
library.
Create Machine Template
It allows to create a machine template with the selected machine from the hierarchy
view. It then will reside in the machine template library.
Note that in order to create a machine template of your own, first the machine has to be
configured with all the properties and measurement points.
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Database
Export
Export
Export interface allows to export structure/data from the database. Exported data are
stored as .xml files.
Figure 6-87: Example of @ptitude Observer export structure/data
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·
Database is where the structure/data which you are to export reside.
·
Data source is the node(s) that should be included in the export process.
·
Description is a custom description about the export file which will be
displayed to the user when importing the data.
·
Content is the export content which can be only the structure of the hierarchy
or the structure of the hierarchy along with measurement data from the
specified date and time.
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Import
Import
Import interface allows to import .xml export files generated by @ptitude Observer.
Figure 6-88: Example of @ptitude Observer import data
Filename can be selected from the drop-down list of all @ptitude Observer export files
(*.xml). If the measurement data should be imported as well, then mark Data. If a
machine included in the import file has been imported before, the system automatically
merges the data into the existing hierarchy.
Important - The export and import interfaces should be used only to export or import
minor parts of the database in order to get the same measurement hierarchy as in other
database or to send small pieces of data for someone external to analyze them. It should
not be used under any circumstances, to transfer data between databases.
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Database
Alarm Group
Alarm Group
Alarm group is used as an identifier for measurements that have a strong relationship
towards one another. For example, if you have created an alarm group with six
measurement points, then any alarm on any one of the six measurement points can
force the storage of data for all six measurement points of the alarm group.
The following display shows a created alarm group and the measurement points
belonging to that group.
Figure 6-89: Example of @ptitude Observer alarm group
You can create a new alarm group, and edit or delete an existing alarm group. You can
also add a new measurement point to the selected alarm group or remove an existing
measurement point from the group.
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Database
Alarm Group
Creating a New / Editing an Alarm Group
Figure 6-90: Example of @ptitude Observer alarm group - Edit
· Name is the name of the Alarm group to be created or edited.
· Alarm interval for members allows to select a scheduled storage setting by
Operating and Storage Conditions Tab under Setting up Measurement Points and
Alarms in System Configuration.
- None uses uses the normal scheduled storage setting on other measurement
points.
- Static uses the alarm scheduled storage setting on all measurement points in the
group to store static values with alarm intervals.
- Static and Dynamic uses the alarm scheduled storage setting on all measurement
points in the group to store static and dynamic values with alarm intervals.
· Min. time is the duration of time in seconds that has to pass without any alarm in
order to store all measurement points data of the specified alarm group. The
recommended minimum time is 30 seconds.
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Database
Measurement Groups
Measurement Groups
A measurement group is a logical grouping of measurement points that will collect data
at the same time and synchronously on a specific IMx/MasCon device.
Figure 6-91: Example of @ptitude Observer measurement group
History Tab is a list of the historical run-ups and coast-downs currently stored in the
database. Here you can see all transients done for this group which can be edited,
deleted, or set reference for the transient. The list shows its from and to date, type,
keep forever status and comment.
NOTE: The maximum number of active transient group is 5.
Adding a Measurement Group
Two types of measurement groups can be created, simultaneous and transient. Note
that the type and frequency type of the measurement group cannot be changed after
the group has been created.
· Type is the measurement group type.
- Simultaneous: the single purpose of the simultaneous measurement group is to
start measuring all the channels currently present in the measurement group at
the exact same time. Note that a specific channel can be present only once in a
measurement group.
- Transient: the purpose of the transient group is to group measurement points
that will collect data typically during a turbine run-up or coast-down. This was
previously known as runup group or transient group in the earlier versions of
@ptitude Observer.
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Database
Measurement Groups
Configuring a Measurement Group
Once a measurement point has been added to a measurement group, some point
properties are not available on the measurement point screen and the input controls for
them are disabled. These properties are now configured on the measurement group.
Figure 6-92: Example of @ptitude Observer measurement group configuration
General Tab
The attributes are the same as in General Tab under Setting up Measurement Points
and Alarms in System Configuration.
· Transient closure time is the time to remain in the transient after reaching
primary steady state.
Acquisition Tab
The attributes are the same as in Acquisition Tab under Setting up Measurement
Points and Alarms in System Configuration.
Operating and Storage Condition Tab
The attributes are the same as in Operating and Storage Conditions Tab under
Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms in System Configuration.
Pre/Post Event Tab
It is used to control how data is stored before and after alarm event.
Transient Setup Tab - Simple configuration mode (available only when creating a
new Transient Measurement Group)
· Speed ranges for the run-up can define different stages of the
run-up/coast-down.
· Static data storage
- Delta CPM is the setting for maximum speed change before storing static
values.
- Delta time is the setting for maximum time fore storing static values.
· Dynamic data storage
- Delta CPM is the setting for maximum speed change before storing dynamic
values.
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Database
Measurement Groups
- Delta time is the setting for maximum time fore storing dynamic values.
· Transient state timeout specifies how long the transient will remain in transient
state for the specified timeout when moving from transient state to normal state.
· Transient closure time
Transient Setup Tab - Advanced configuration mode (available only when creating a
new Transient Measurement Group)
· Transient state timeout specifies how long the transient will remain in transient
state for the specified timeout when moving from transient state to normal state.
· Transient closure time is the timeout used before closing the transient and set
its final type.
· Rpm min (cpm) indicates the lower rpm (revolution per minute) limit for each
range.
· Rpm max (cpm) indicates the lower rpm (revolution per minute) limit for each
range.
· State defines whether this is a constant state or a run-up/down state.
· Delta Trend (cpm) indicates the number of cycles per minute between storage of
trend values. If this parameter is not reached within one minute, a trend will be
stored.
· Mean harm. (No. revolutions) indicates the number of revolutions of the shaft on
which the mean value of the presented trend is based on.
· Max. time (s) is the maximum time between the storage of trend values.
· Delta FFT (cpm) indicates the required change in speed between each spectra
storage.
· Max. time FFT (s) is the maximum time between the storage of FFT values.
Classification of Transients When Opening a Transient:
When transient data arrives at the monitor service, the monitor service will change if
there is an active transient in progress for that measurement point. If not, a new
transient is started and classified as following:
· If the speed reading is in a transient range that has no other ranges above it, it is
classified as “Overspeed in progress”.
· If the reading is in another transient range and in the lower half of that range, it is
classified as “Run-up in progress”.
· If the reading is in another transient range and in the higher half of that range, it
is classified as “Coast-down in progress”.
Classification of Transients When Closing a Transient:
After the “Transient closure time” has elapsed without new transient values the
transient will be closed. The state of the transient is then changed as:
· If it was classified as “Overspeed in progress” and the last reading stored also was
in the overspeed range the classification is changed to “Overspeed”.
· If it was classified as “Overspeed in progress” and the last reading stored was
outside of the overspeed range the classification is changed to “Overspeed –
Coast-down”.
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Database
Measurement Groups
· If it was classified as “Run-up in progress” and the last speed reading was in the
upper half of its speed range it is classified as “Run-up”.
· If it was classified as “Run-up in progress” and the last speed reading was in the
lower half of its speed range it is classified as “Run-up aborted”.
· If it was classified as “Coast-down in progress” and the last speed reading was in
the upper half of its speed range it is classified as “Coast-down aborted”.
· If it was classified as “Coast-down in progress” and the last speed reading was in
the lower half of its speed range it is classified as “Coast-down”.
To add a measurement point to a measurement group:
1. Select a measurement point in the hierarchy view.
2. Go to General tab settings screen of Measurement point via Properties command.
If you need a help accessing the screen, refer to To edit a measurement point in
Setting up Measurement Points and Alarms.
3. Select the IMx/MasCon device to which this point is assigned.
4. Select a Measurement group to use from the drop-down list of measurement
groups.
Optimal Settings for Transient Group
The following recommendations are to optimize the performance of a transient group.
· Use only vibration measurement points of Harmonic type.
· Do not use other dynamic measurement points in the same IMx device regardless of
whether they are on different channels or not. Unrelated "slow points" should be in a
separate IMx (16-channel) device.
· In dynamic data setting, select Save Time waveform only. Spectra is calculated from
the waveform automatically. The setting applies for all dynamic data (e.g.
alarm/delta) but is placed in the "scheduled dynamic data storage" box.
· When using order-tracking, keep number of revolutions and maximum frequency as
low as required.
· With non order-tracked harmonic measurement points, the harmonic calculation in
transient should be done using an average of 2 revolutions unless the speed is
sufficiently high. For high speed, configure the number of revolutions to be
approximately 0,1 seconds.
· With order-tracked harmonic measurement points in transient, 2 measurements/sec
are expected with 16 channels (16 single channel points or 8 dual channel points) up
to 25x and 8 revs average.
· Points used as simultaneous speed and process parameters should not be in the
group. These parameters are stored anyway together with the points in the group.
By keeping them outside they will be stored also when below the low speed cutoff. In
case of missing data, it is useful to have something like speed always being stored to
help us determine whether the IMx has been online without speed input or the data
acquisition has been unavailable.
Note: There might be issues with using a laptop when testing, especially with a
mechanical drive (not an SSD) getting enough SQL Server performance. Lots of small
file access like running a backup software on the same disk should be avoided.
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Database
Options
Options
Options interface offers different system settings for the @ptitude Observer application
and database. These settings include everything from new measurement point settings
to backup settings. The settings in the options interface are typically applied to all users
in the database.
General Settings Tab
Figure 6-93: Example of @ptitude Observer options General settings
· Database is the database to which the general settings of options are to be
applied. Select a database from the drop-down list.
· Company name to which the selected database belongs.
· Contact information is for the company. It should normally contain the name and
the address of the company.
· Cust. no. is an optional text field where one can enter a customer number if
desired.
· Event case reporting Prefix is a prefix text that is applied to the case number
when creating event cases and reports. If using multiple databases, the prefix
should be different for each database in order to create completely unique event
case numbers.
· Company logo is used in event case reporting. You may use SKF logo, Observer
logo or choose your own.
· Time zone allows to select a display of data customized to any time zone of the
computer where the database is created. This can be changed if you have the
system configuration user right.
All dates in the Observer application shall be shown in this time zone for the
database.
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Options
Data Tab
Figure 6-94: Example of @ptitude Observer options Data settings
· Automatically delete old data will cause the monitor service to remove old data
from the database once data is older than the specified range, if Enabled is
checked. Specified ranges can differ for different types of data.
- Time specifies at which time of the day the removal will take place. Removing a
large amount of data from the database can be time consuming. In such case,
it is recommended to set the time to a non-office hour.
· Trend buffer
- Trend rolling buffer size determines the size (number of values) of the
built-in trend rolling buffers. The default size is 3 000.
- Use archive buffer turns the archive buffer on (if checked) or off (if not
checked). The archive buffer can store up to 80 000 values for each
measurement point.
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Options
E-mail Settings Tab
Figure 6-95: Example of @ptitude Observer options E-mail settings
· Sender E-Mail address is the email address to which the monitor service will
send notifications.
· SMTP Server is the SMTP server that should be used for sending e-mail
messages from the monitor service. If the SMTP server requires user name and
password, enter them in the user name and password text boxes.
· Status report interval sets how often status reports from the monitor service
should be sent by email. The status report of the monitor service contains a
number of parameters about the system, including database size and condition.
· Alarm report interval sets how often alarm reports from the monitor service
should be sent by email. The alarm reports of the monitor service contains alarm
information of the alarm that has occurred since the last alarm report.
· Send test mail sends out a test mail which can be used to confirm that the email
settings are correct.
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Options
Default Settings Tab
Figure 6-96: Example of @ptitude Observer options default settings
Default settings allow you to configure settings for new measurement points of the
selected database. When a new measurement point is created, these settings will
be automatically selected for the new measurement point on the measurement
point screen. For more information refer to Setting up Measurement Points and
Alarms in System Configuration.
Monitor Service Tab
Figure 6-97: Example of @ptitude Observer options Monitor service settings
· Log detail level decides which type of event(s) can be stored in the monitor event
log. There are five levels to choose from:
None : Nothing is logged in the event log.
Minimal : Only severe errors are logged.
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Options
Normal (default): Severe and minor errors are logged.
Detailed : Store events in addition to severe and minor errors are logged.
Full : Every events that occur are logged. This setting can be used for error
tracking.
· Store incoming data can turn on and off the data storage in the database. This
checkbox should normally always be checked. Under certain circumstances such
as during service or during commissioning this can be unchecked in order not to
store invalid data.
· Limit the maximum number of simultaneous DAD connections can be used to
prevent all DADs in the system from connecting at the very same time to upload
the collected data to the database. This can be useful when having a system setup
where the DADs connect on a regular interval, for example once per day and
upload their data, and then disconnect again.
· Enforce a minimum connection interval between DAD connections to monitor
service can be used to spread out the workload of the monitor service on
sensitive computers.
Backup Tab
Backup allows to automate daily backups for SQL Server (not available for Oracle).
The backups are done by the @ptitude Observer Monitor software at the specified
interval. Therefore, @ptitude Observer Monitor has to be running for the backups to
be created
Figure 6-98: Example of @ptitude Observer options backup settings
· Database is the database to which backup options are to be applied.
· Enabled causes daily backup of the database.
· Time indicates when the backup job should be executed.
· Path for backup at Monitor PC (for Oracle server only) specifies the location
where the backup files should be saved on the monitor computer.
· Backup history displays the history of backups done.
· Backup now causes an immediate backup. Backups are stored by @ptitude
Observer SQL Server Database Administrator.
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Database
Options
Note that with SQL Server Express, this is the only way to automate backups of
@ptitude Observer databases.
With the full version of Microsoft SQL Server 2005, 2008 and 2012 it is still
possible to configure the backups with @ptitude Observer SQL Server Database
Administrator.
Alarm and Relays Tab
Figure 6-99: Example of @ptitude Observer options alarm and relays settings
· Database is the database to which alarm and relays options are to be applied.
· Auto alarm value is the setting for the diagnosis auto alarm. It sets the alarm
level between 3 (default level) and 10 (conservative level) for the auto alarm in the
diagnosis graph.
- 3 (Default): sets the auto alarm level fairly close to previous measurements.
- 10 (Conservative): sets the auto alarm level to high.
· Relay configuration is possible if the @ptitude Observer Monitor computer is
fitted with a relay interface card. it allows to configure the system to open relays
on alarm and warning status. This is if any warning or alarm has been generated
for the entire database.
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Database
Delete Data
Delete Data
Delete data interface allows to delete measurement data based on certain criteria or
filter settings for the selected database.
Data Miner
The data miner interface is a statistical producing facility that allows for complex data
mining from the Observer database which can be shown in three different formats;
table, trend and bar.
This interface makes it possible to compare measurement points, machines or even
specific diagnosis between each other.
Expert users can also design their own statistical views, and if approved, the statistical
views can also be shared with other Observer users around the world through SKF
Online Repository (SKF OR).
In order to create your own statistical views you need to have a very good
understanding of the Observer database structure.
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On-line
On-line
On-line menu provides the following interfaces.
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·
·
·
·
IMx/MasCon Devices
OPC servers
Monitor Service Viewer
Relay card
Balancing
Event log
IMx/MasCon Devices
This interface brings up the IMx/MasCon devices screen. Refer to Creating IMx/MasCon
Devices and Channels in System Configuration.
OPC Servers
OPC Servers interface brings up the OPC Servers and channel settings screen. Refer to
Creating OPC Servers and Channels in System Configuration.
Monitor Service Viewer
The monitor service viewer can be used to view the interface of the monitor service
remotely from Observer. It is possible to view all events occurring in the service in
addition to the database status, DAD status, OPC status and number of clients currently
connected.
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On-line
Relay Card
Relay Card
Relay card interface brings up the list of relay cards and relays of the selected database
by its number, enabled status and name.
Figure 6-100: Example of @ptitude Observer relay card status
·
Relay card can be added, edited or removed.
Figure 6-101: Example of @ptitude Observer add a relay card
To create or edit a relay card, enter Number, Name, Type and Enabled status
for the relay card.
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On-line
Balancing
Balancing
On-line balancing is a tool for multiple plane balancing designed especially for turbines.
However, it is just as efficient to use on smaller machineries. The on-line balancing in
@ptitude Observer uses IMx, MasCon16/48 devices harmonic measurement points as
the data collector because of its supreme simultaneous measurement capability. Online balancing supports maximum of 15 planes over 5 states with up to 40
measurement points.
For a successful balancing, first the phase must be stable, and it should be possible to
make changes on the actual speed range under run-up/down group. Polar plot can be
used to determine if the phase is stable. If the phase is not stable, the problem is not
only unbalance but also can be something else. Therefore, in such case further normal
analysis of the machine is required. On a horizontal machine with laying shafts, the best
balancing direction is the weakest direction.
In order to have an accurate balancing analysis of a machine, it should be certain that
the problem lies within the unbalance characteristics. The following are some of the
examples of unbalance characteristics.
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Bearing problems
Bearing slip
Misalignment
Weak foundation
Balancing interface has the following functions.
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Balance
ICM (influence coefficient matrix)
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Menu Items
On-line
Balancing
Balance
Follow the steps described below in order to have an accurate balancing analysis of a
machine.
Step 1: Choose an ICM (influence coefficient matrix) of the selected database you would
like to use. ICMs are created via ICM interface.
The list of ICMs are shown by names and dates created. ICM contains the
necessary information about the machines behavior needed to eliminate
unbalance which is stored in the database for new on-line balancing in the
future.
Figure 6-102: Example of @ptitude Observer select an ICM for balancing analysis
Step 2: Choose which points, planes and states that this balance should use. For big
machines such as a turbine, it is possible to balance a few of the planes. It is
not necessary to do a balancing of all the planes all the time.
Step 3: Choose a measurement point to increase the factor in the calculation. The
higher number yields the greater factor in the calculation.
Step 4: Choose data to use in order to eliminate unbalance.
Live data display all the measurement points with an amplitude, phase and
number of means collected. A phase % is the difference between highest and
lowest and calculated over 360 degrees. Between 0 and 5% is a normal range,
whereas 5 to 10% is unstable and greater than 10% is a corrupt phase. If the
phase is corrupted, the balancing is most likely going to fail. In such case, go
back and perform a normal analysis of the machine and determine what the
problem is and remove the problem first. A large number of test weight can
also cause a corrupt phase.
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Menu Items
On-line
Balancing
Step 5: Now you get the balancing result after all the possible combinations have been
calculated and optimized.
The improvement shows how much of the vibration has been eliminated. The
biggest value is 100%.
In order to minimize the mounting weight, one of the combinations may have
lesser weight than the others. It is also possible to input own weights to
calculate expected deflection. This can be used if there is any plane that could
not be mounted for some reason or maybe the weights mismatch the result.
After weights are mounted, it is strongly recommended to go back to the
eliminating screen, step 4, and collect some new live data. It is most likely that
the elimination of unbalance can continue until a very small unbalance is left.
ICM
ICM (influence coefficient matrix) interface allows to create an ICM for the selected
database. Created ICMs are used for further on-line balancing.
Follow the steps below in order to create an ICM.
Step 1: Choose sensors, number of planes and number of states from the machine of
the selected database.
Figure 6-103: Example of @ptitude Observer create an ICM settings
· Database is the database to which this ICM applies.
· Name is the text reference to the ICM.
· No. planes is the number of positions on which you can mount a weight.
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Menu Items
On-line
Balancing
· No. states is the number of defined speed range in which a balancing is
conducted. For large turbines, it could be more than one. Whereas for regular
fans, it probably would be one.
· Point is the selected harmonic measurement point.
· Path is the particular harmonic measurement point's path.
· Edit brings up the hierarchy view and allows to select a harmonic measurement
point by checking a box of the desired point.
· Get lists the existing ICMs of the selected database and allows to select an ICM.
· Next allows to continue to the next screen where allows to name the planes and
states. It also allows to define balancing speed range of center frequency with a
plus or minus delta speed.
Step 2: Name the planes, states and define balancing speed range of center frequency
with a plus/minus delta speed.
Step 3: Now it is time to select data. Data can be collected live as well as read from the
database. It is important to input weight and phase of every test weight used.
Step 4: At this stage, verify that the amplitudes or phase has changed between initial
run and the test runs. It is possible to see the actual number of mean values
collected. If the changes in amplitude and phase were too little, then you
probably used test weights that were too small. This can cause an incorrect
ICM which in turn is inappropriate to use for a good balancing.
Step 5: Presentation of the ICM matrix over every defined state is shown. Note that the
matrix condition number should not be greater than 4.
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Menu Items
On-line
Event Log
Event Log
Event log is available for IMx-M and IMx-R devices only.
It displays all the events of the selected device type (DAD) of the specified database. For
detailed information, refer to IMx-M User Manual for IMx-M devices and IMx-R User
Manual for IMx-R devices.
Figure 6-104: Example of @ptitude Observer Event log
Class: S = CM system fault
A = alarm
If Auto refresh is enabled, the event log will be refreshed according to the value set for
Event Log update rate in User Preferences.
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Menu Items
Portables
Portables
Portables menu provides the following interfaces.
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Microlog
Marlin
Coded notes
Microlog / Marlin
Interface for Mirolog and Marlin consists of four different settings where users can
execute different actions. Upon opening Microlog or Marlin screen, @ptitude Observer
automatically tries to get the status of the connected Microlog or Marlin.
Status
Figure 6-105: Example of @ptitude Observer Marlin status
The status setting shows information retrieved from the Microlog or Marlin such as
firmware version, current date/time, total number of points stored currently, total
amount of free memory, temperature inside the device and battery voltage.
· Status retrieves the status from the connected Microlog or Marlin.
· Clear removes all routes and data from the memory of the connected Microlog or
Marlin.
· Reset deletes all the data from the existing routes on the connected Microlog or
Marlin. For Microlog USB communication only, the clock is set to the PC internal
clock.
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Menu Items
Portables
Microlog / Marlin
Download
Figure 6-106: Example of @ptitude Observer download routes to Microlog
The download setting is used to download routes to the Microlog or Marlin. It is possible
to download a section of the hierarchy as a route or a workspace as a route.
· Hierarchy name specifies a custom name for the route that will be assigned when
the selected portion of the hierarchy is downloaded to the Microlog or Marlin. It is
available for the hierarchy setting only.
· Print prints the selected hierarchy or workspace as a route list.
· Download starts the download of the Microlog or Marlin.
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Menu Items
Portables
Microlog / Marlin
Upload
Figure 6-107: Example of @ptitude Observer upload data from Marlin
The upload setting is used to transfer the data collected by Microlog or Marlin and save
the data in the @ptitude Observer database.
· Non route enables you to upload data that are not route-based. Non-route is also
known as brute force.
· Upload measurement history uploads the history of measurement points for
USB communication only.
· Reset deletes all data on the specified route, but keeps the route information so
the route can be measured again.
· Remove deletes the specified route and all data on the route. In order to measure
the route again, the route has to be downloaded again to the Microlog or Marlin.
· Upload uploads the selected route and stored the data in the @ptitude Observer
database.
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Menu Items
Portables
Microlog / Marlin
Communication
Figure 6-108: Example of @ptitude Observer communication settings for Marlin
The communication setting is used to change the settings as how to communicate with
the Microlog or Marlin. These settings will be saved until the next time you open the
communication settings.
· Type can be USB or Serial.
· Port is required for the serial type only. It specifies which port to use for serial
communication.
· Baud rate is also required for the serial type only. It specifies which speed to use
for serial communication. The default is 115200.
Coded Notes
Coded notes interface allows to configure the coded notes that should be sent to the
Microlog or Marlin devices when downloading routes. A coded note is an pre-configured
comment to apply to a certain measurement.
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Menu Items
Window
Window
Window menu item provides the following interfaces.
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Cascade
Tile Vertically
Tile Horizontally
Close all
Cascade
Cascade interface organizes all opened windows in a cascade.
Tile Vertically
Tile vertically interface arranges all opened windows vertically.
Tile Horizontally
Tile Horizontally interface arranges all opened windows horizontally.
Close All
Close all interface closes all the opened windows.
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Menu Items
Help
Help
Help menu provides the following interfaces.
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Contents (F1)
Search
Enter new license key
News in Observer
SKF Online Depository
SKF CMC Homepage
SKF Reliability Forum
About
Contents
Contents interface opens up the help file for @ptitude Observer.
Search
Search interface opens up the @ptitude Observer help file in search mode.
Enter New License Key
A new license key is required if a new upgrade to the @ptitude Observer software suite
has been purchased. The software has to be restarted after the registration. Refer to
Getting Started.
News in Observer
News in Observer contains information on the new features in the currently released
version.
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Menu Items
Help
SKF Online Repository
SKF Online Repository
Through the SKF Online Repository (SKF OR) it is possible to share application logic and
system design with other @ptitude Observer users.
Currently it is possible to share bearing information, machine templates and data miner
views.
When adding a new bearing to the system, it is possible to share this bearing
information to other observer users. After the submission has been approved, other
users will automatically receive a notification the next time they start their @ptitude
Observer system that a new bearing is available and they can choose to automatically
install in their bearing database.
The same logic applies to machine templates and data miner views.
Figure 6-109: Example of @ptitude Observer SKF Online Repository setting
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Take part in the SKF Online Repository configures the system to be able to
send and receive data from the SKF OR, if checked.
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Automatically notify when new updates are available enables the system to
automatically check the SKF OR if there are any new updates available when
the @ptitude Observer system starts.
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Menu Items
Help
SKF Online Repository
Figure 6-110: Example of @ptitude Observer SKF OR updates
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Available updates are updates that are available but have not been
downloaded and installed yet.
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Installed updates are updates that have been installed through the SKF OR.
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Submitted updates are updates that have been submitted but not yet
approved.
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Menu Items
Help
SKF CMC Homepage
SKF CMC Homepage
This interface starts the default web browser on the local computer and navigates to
SKF Condition Monitoring product information.
SKF Reliability Forum
This interface starts the default web browser on the local computer and navigates to
SKF Reliability forum. You need a username and password to access the website.
About
This interface displays version information about the currently installed version of SKF
@ptitude Observer.
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Version History
@ptitude Observer 7.0
7
Version History
@ptitude Observer 7.0
General
· New product name: ProCon is now called "@ptitude Observer" and is now a
member of the SKF @ptitude Monitoring suite.
· "MasCon server" is now called "@ptitude Observer Monitor"
· "MasCon16 tool" is now called "@ptitude Observer On-line device configurator"
· New icons and splash screens
· New hierarchy status indicators
· Minor bug fixes
· Support for IMx added.
· The user can now select to show large icons in the toolbars.
@ptitude Observer 8.0
Hierarchy
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Free depth in the hierarchy has been facilitated. Previously the hierarchy was
limited to company, site, div, machine and point.
Implementation of workspace allows to define your own workspace with specific
machines and measurement points.
There is a new node type called sub-machine.
There is a new status showing the locked unstable status.
There is a new status indicating that a point has no alarm levels configured.
The system log now updates when using the multiple point update wizard.
When creating a new machine, there are three options: create blank machine,
create from machine template and based on another machine.
In the hierarchy, you can see when a measurement point has diagnosis alarm
and diagnosis warning status.
Measurement point numbers are now assigned automatically by the system.
Graphic Display
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New plot types: topology, multi-trend, and combination plot.
All plots use the space of the screen area more efficiently with right click
commands.
Free number of cursors are available in most plots.
The legend position is now a user setting and is available on all graphs.
The user has the possibility to switch between peak/PtP and RMS directly in
the plots.
The user can change in between peak, peak to peak and rms in most of the
graphs.
There is an option to turn on or off anti-aliasing in user preferences.
When looking at a FFT, a user can use this FFT as a reference spectrum by a
simple right click.
Orbit
- New orbit plot, true orbit, uses exact simultaneous measurements.
- There is an icon in the orbit plot showing the shaft rotation direction.
Shaft centerline
- It uses two channel points.
- Shaft centerline cold gap is configured on the measurement point.
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@ptitude Observer 8.0
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Polar
- It shows the end and start locations.
- It is now possible to add markers in the polar plot.
- There is an icon in the polar plot showing the shaft rotation direction.
History
- It displays alarm bands.
- It supports zero padding.
- It supports the combining of spectra, phase and time waveform.
Diagnosis
- A new menu option “Go to” is available in addition to double clicking in the
diagnosis plot.
Time waveform
- User can hide/show the pulse train in time waveform.
Reporting
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Reports are able to print out in word and .RTF format in addition to .PDF
format.
Added reporting for shaft centerline, orbit, and profile displays.
Reviews and notes are now integrated into one called notes.
Configuration
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Measurement groups added which enables the users to configure synchronous
measurements for IMx devices more easily.
Order tracking and order tracking envelope measurement point types are
added.
Spike filter is added which enables the user to filter out unwanted high level of
readings.
Default FFT settings and default trend settings for new measurement points
are now configurable in options section.
“POWER” in derived points formula is replaced with “^”.
A machine template library has been added with the ability to import and
export machine templates.
Generating a new system configuration for IMx/MasCon16 does no longer close
the window when pressing the Ok button.
BOV has been replaced by bias.
Support for digital measurement points for IMx has been facilitated.
Password encryption for SQL server login in connection files has been
implemented.
The internal collection of pictures now have the possibility to be grouped in
categories.
More default options are available for setting up measurement points under
options section.
True peak to peak analysis has been added.
Additional support for multi-axial measurement points for IMx where you can
select to use several channels on one point is available.
The user right to configure machine data is no longer available. It has been
replaced by the configure system user right. If you have the right to configure
the system, you have the right to configure machine and machine data.
It is easier to select a role for a user with pre-defined user rights based on that
role.
Users are able to configure their own individual settings for plots.
The scale factor on the speed point has been removed since it caused a lot of
confusion and frustration. We recommend using a derived point instead if you
want to scale the speed point.
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Version History
@ptitude Observer 8.0
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New user preferences interface allows users to configure a large number of
personal settings which can be saved for individual users.
A new button in connections configuration window has been added in order to
enable the user to remove the default connection set if any.
A preview of the picture is available in the notes window.
Database Administrator
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Database administrator software can now create a new empty observer
database from a script file.
Intelligent handling of databases has been facilitated.
Database administrator supports multiple languages.
Attaching a write-protected database produces an error and the user will be
prompted for the option to remove the write protection.
Vastly Improved Graphical User Experience
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New status icons for all types of states are available.
Completely new process overview has been implemented.
- The update rate of live values for Process overview now can be set at User
preference.
- It is integrated with the hierarchy. You no longer have to create specific
process overviews to display the information you want to show.
- It has the possibility to split the view up in a number of frames which can
be resized freely.
Machine part window has been improved with better graphics.
@ptitude Observer 8.1
Database
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Scanning for SQL Servers when configuring connections is more user friendly
and the operation can be aborted.
Scanning for SQL Servers when starting database administrator is more user
friendly and the operation can be aborted.
In order to speed up database access, the database access libraries have been
upgraded.
Database administrator does not hide the selected database anymore when
executing an action against the database.
SQL Server 2008 Support. Observer 8.1 is now shipped with SQL Server
Express 2008.
Graphic Display
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Orbit
- Filtered orbit can now be calculated from time waveform as well as from
spectrum/phase data.
- Orbit now states above the time waveforms not only the direction of the
time waveform but also which sensor, X or Y that captured the data.
- Orbit bug fixes addressed.
- Orbit now displays flash blank for the time waveforms as well.
Profile
- Profile plot calculation method updated.
- Profile plot can now display not only displacement but also Acceleration
and Velocity and Envelope.
- Profile plot is more detailed and cursor is more accurate.
Cursors in FFT and time waveform graphs now visible in the legend.
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@ptitude Observer 8.1
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Bias (BOV) in trend now shows in dark blue color.
The format of the markers in the diagnoses and trend has been aligned so now
the values in the diagnoses are shown as diamonds(previously circle). Now, this
looks the same as in the trend.
Notes are now correctly shown in the trend.
Flags for sideband and harmonics easier to spot.
Active cursor in the spectra now highlights other parts of the cursor to spot
sub components of the cursor easily when moving the mouse over the cursor.
Others
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Alarm sound included in the installation package.
Observer 8.1 is now shipped on DVD instead of CD.
Full support for DBCS Operating systems such as Chinese and Korean.
Various bug fixes and enhancements.
A new notification message type has been introduced in order to inform the
user of certain system events.
Order tracking improved.
Transient measurement group's configuration simplified.
News in Observer screen informs users of the new features in the currently
updated version.
@ptitude Observer 8.2
Database
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Support for multiple databases simultaneously in the hierarchy.
Support for Oracle databases.
The Observer DVD is now shipped with SQL Server 2008 Express including
Service pack 1.
Default settings for the rolling buffer lengths are changed from 800 values to 3
000 values. 3 000 values will provide 2 days of minute-detailed trends. The
trend length now applies to all buffers in the rolling buffers, not only the minute
buffer.
User gets notified when a transient starts.
Graphic Display
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Two new combination plots; Trend-Spectra and Diagnosis-Spectra.
Graphs can be directly opened from the alarm list.
Machine name in Multi-Trend plot is now visible.
Some of default cursor colors have changed for new users.
X-axes scale in the trend now improved when sorting by speed or process.
Bode plot is now its own generic graph type instead of integrated in the normal
trend window graph.
Note flags in trend also display the note title and note information as tool tip
text.
Clicking on FFT in the Diagnosis opens up the FFT graph with the correct fault
frequencies visible.
If measurement point types are not capable of requesting live values on the
graphs, the live button will be disabled.
Analysis features
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New Time waveform analysis with two new measurement point types; Time
waveform and Time waveform analysis, order.
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Version History
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New Time waveform analysis algorithms include crest factor, kurtosis and
skewness.
On-line Balancing available.
Transient Analysis
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Measurement groups interface now lists "type", "comment" and "keep forever"
when selecting the transient to analyze.
The type of transient occurring, run-up or coast-down is now automatically
detected and does not have to be entered manually by the user.
Users get notified when a transient starts.
Language
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Now also available in traditional Chinese, simplified Chinese, Russian and
Bulgarian.
Others
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User can now select which toolbar buttons can be visible.
Modern icon selection has been moved from Options to User preferences.
Envelop filters are renamed to DPE.
Multi-select can now be utilized from Measurement date list.
Multi-select is available in the hierarchy in order to make it easier to analyze
data from several places at the same time.
Spike filter setting also applies to trend values.
Filter has been converted to point type filter.
Alarm hysteresis now counts data detected by the spike filter setting. The data
will be stored when the condition of "enter alarm hysteresis" is met even
though measurements are above the spike filter level.
LMU and CMU support added. Live values for CMU devices are not available.
@ptitude Observer 8.3
Measurement point
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Measurement points are now grouped into binary based measurement points
and trend based measurement points.
New measurement point types are added; Airgap, Data tagging, Running hours.
Data tagging has been added for OPC Server and Software.
Running hours has been added for IMx/MasCon devices for effective use with
Maintenance planner.
Hierarchy view
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Possible to enable or disable measurement points for a specific database,
node, or machine by right clicking and selecting the option.
Possible to enable or disable alarm blocking for measurement points for a
specific database, node, or machine by right clicking and selecting the option.
Possible to add notes for a specific machine, sub machine or point by right
clicking and selecting the option.
Possible to delete data of a specific node by right clicking and selecting the
option.
Configuration
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Maintenance planner is a new configuration tool to keep track of maintenance
tasks.
When configuring machine parts, it is possible to copy machine parts from an
existing machine.
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@ptitude Observer 8.3
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Possible to copy diagnoses from one measurement point to another
measurement point on the same machine.
When setting a measurement as a reference, it will set Keep forever flag on for
the selected measurement. It can be edited in Meas. date list.
Possible to select log scale decades of 2, 3, 4, and 5 in User preferences.
Possible to browse a specific gear on a specific machine part when setting up
alarm frequencies for a measurement point.
Copying a sub machine no longer start the machine copy wizard, but instead
copies the sub machine directly.
Graphic Display
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New combination plots are added; Diagnosis/Spectra/Time waveform and
Trend/Spectra/Time waveform.
New graphical display, "Airgap" shows eccentricity and ovality of a machine
part.
New graphical display, "Gear inspector" allows to detect and visualize the
impact energy as a function of shaft/gear revolutions.
DiagX feature also works for Sideband and Band cursors.
DiagX can be used in Time waveform plots.
Possible to clear currently referenced spectra in Spectra graph.
In History display, double clicking on a history diagram opens up the plot in full
size mode.
Profile plot has been refreshed with new features and better visibility.
In diagnosis plot, it is allowed to exclude an FFT from diagnosis with a right
click.
In trend plot, system log changes are displayed with red squares.
Show values option has been added to 3D plot.
A new graphic display tool, "Select measurement date" has been added.
Listen function of Time waveform display opens in an external window which
adds edit and playback capabilities.
The user can now select a number of harmonics for the harmonic cursor
between 20 and 200 in User preferences.
Process overview
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Process view can be opened in full screen mode.
A main process overview, "Enterprise process overview" has been added to
include all databases.
Process overview now has "Up one level" button.
"View process view only" has been added as a user right.
Others
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Support for IMx-M added.
4-20 mA outputs can be configured for IMx-M and IMx-T devices.
ODS data export is possible from the Meas. date list.
Measurement date list displays more information such as delta speed, delta
process, data type and reference measurement.
Small icons are now available for the toolbar as a user preference.
Alarm list now displays the machine or sub machine name.
Alarm list and system alarm list can now be sorted by any column.
The system no longer waits for the news web page to be contacted before the
application starts.
The monitor application now shows the connection ports and the current
database in the status bar located in the bottom of the Observer screen.
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Version History
@ptitude Observer 8.4
@ptitude Observer 8.4
New features
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Buffer setting can now be stored between sessions for an individual user.
Alarm hysteresis can now be configured for diagnosis.
Automatic alarm settings for trend alarms. After a specific number of historical
values, Observer can apply an automatic alarm level based on a calculation of
the historical values.
Torsion and Time difference type of measurement point now available for IMx.
Marlin support with serial communication interface.
Software process measurement point type. The user can now enter manually
read values and enter them into a software process measurement point.
Full 64-bit operating system support.
Observer now ships with both 32-bit and 64-bit SQL Server express R2. With
SQL Server Express R2 no separate installation of SQL Management studio is
required and each database can be up to 10 Gigabytes in size instead of 4
Gigabytes.
Improvements/Enhancements to Current Functionality
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“Spectra flags” in the trend plot now open up the spectra plot, time waveform
plot or the combination plot spectra/time depending on the contents of the
spectra flag that was clicked.
System alarms that are related to a physical position in a setup, for example a
cable fault system alarm, can now also display the path to the node for the
system alarm.
When importing data, it is now possible to import data to existing
measurement points if the points were previously imported.
The multi trend plot now displays one vertical axis per E.U.
Alarm hysteresis is now available for count rate measurement points.
Count rate measurement points can now be configured to display pulses per
week, day, hour, minute or second.
The IMx model is now displayed in the list of On-line devices.
Registration keys are no longer necessary to have for system commissioning.
The time waveform signal can now be reverted by a right click on the time
waveform and the profile plots.
The DC part of the time waveform signal can be removed by a right click on the
time waveform and the profile plots.
Airgap plot can now display data with- or without connecting lines between
points.
Airgap measurements are now excluded from the multi trend plot.
The mouse wheel can now be used to change scales in most of the graphs.
The fault frequencies dialog can now be sorted according to name or type.
The alarm list now displays the name of machine and sub machine of an alarm.
The colors of the trend graph's simultaneous process, speed and digital curve
are now fixed instead of dynamic.
Multiple point update wizard now supports multiple selection in the hierarchy
by CTRL click and SHIFT click.
Channels are now sorted alphabetically on the measurement point properties
forms.
Using the mouse wheel in the graphs to change scales now picks the closest
scale even when using auto scale.
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Version History
@ptitude Observer 8.5
@ptitude Observer 8.5
Monitor changes
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Complete new monitor service.
New application "Monitor manager" is used to configure and set up monitor
services on the local computer.
Monitor is now run as a service only, and not as application.
Monitor can now run several instances of the monitor service on the same
computer simultaneously.
The monitor service can now log all events and store them into a log file with a
user selectable detail level.
The monitor service no longer requires an .ini file with settings entered
manually, these settings are now configured from Observer and stored in the
database.
The monitor application now only uses one port (default 1 000) both for
connections from Observer and devices.
The monitor service events are now be categorized in "Received", "Send",
"Internal", "Error", "Unrecoverable error", "Stored", "Socket Event" and "Run
Time Error".
"Reboot on error" has been removed and should now be configured through
the windows service manager interface.
The monitor service now keeps track of the sequence number for IMx devices
and logs if packages are missing.
The monitor service now keeps track of when the Connection to the IMx was
opened.
The monitor service no longer has a user interface, since true services can't
have a user interface (windows forms) but the interface of the monitor service
can be viewed from the Monitor manager application or from Observer
(Monitor service viewer) which means that the user interface can be viewed
remotely.
Monitor now keeps track of the serial number of IMx and MasCon16 devices.
First time a device is connected, the serial number is stored in the database
and if another device with the same ID but with a different serial number is
connected, then the connection is refused and a system alarm is generated.
This is to avoid data corruption and prevent devices from uploading data into
wrong databases. The serial number is displayed in the monitor service viewer
interface which makes it easy to support.
Performance of data storage has been increased with approximately 300 to
400% according to tests.
The monitor service no longer accepts requests for computer reboot from
Observer, this posed a threat and more damage than good. It is now an
obsolete function of Observer.
Temporary config files for Devices no longer overwrite each other when
running several instances of monitor but get unique names.
The check for "Missing data" which in turn generates system alarms for devices
if they have not reported data for a long time is now remembered even if the
service restarts.
The monitor now keeps track of invalid packages received from the Devices,
and will store and display in the monitor service viewer.
The monitor application can now store data on millisecond level instead of only
second level.
@ptitude Observer User Manual
Observer 9.1, Revision J
Version History
@ptitude Observer 8.5
Plots
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Margins and minor changes have been made to the plots in order to improve
readability and usage of space on the screen.
The measurement date list now displays the total number of measurements
available for the measurement point and also the number of measurements
listed.
The diagnosis plot can now use process and speed on the x-axis like the trend
plot can.
Diagnosis Curve fit is now possible to apply to the diagnosis plot.
The measurement date list now displays two decimals for Process and speed
value columns.
Diagnosis can now have a configurable search range or tolerance.
It is now possible with a user preference to set if spectra or spectra / time
waveform combination plot should be opened when clicking on a domain data
indication in the trend or diagnosis plot.
It is now possible to set the device displayed for time waveform as a graph
setting. Previously this was following the same setting in which the FFT was
displayed.
It is now possible to use ctrl select and shift select in the measurement date list
and open these specific measurements in the history and 3D plot.
Live trend values now is send by the monitor service only when there is a new
live value available.
User configuration
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A new user right "read notes" has been introduced which when not enabled,
hides the notes in the trend plot and the notes list.
The user can now select to see fractions of seconds in the plots, this is useful if
there is more than one measurement during the same second.
Longer fields (50) can be used for first name and last name.
Alarm notifications is now a user preference.
Machine Attachments
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It is now possible to add attachments (files) to machines, for example Oil
analysis reports.
Emailing
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Emailing now contains the path of the alarm and not only the name.
Emailing is now configured from Inside Observer.
It is now possible to select HTML, Plain or Truncated format for the system
alarm and alarm emails.
It is now possible for each other to configure if he or she should or not receive
system alarm emails, alarm emails and monitor service notifications
respectively.
It is now possible to configure a custom subject for each user when sending
emails which makes it easier to reroute the emails such as SMS messages to
phones.
It is now possible to configure the alarm and system alarm reporting interval
(previously this was fixed to 5 minutes).
Database administrator
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Observer 9.1, Revision J
A new function "Backup now" has been added.
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Version History
@ptitude Observer 8.5
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When attaching databases, the .log file is now optional. This will automatically
create a new .log file.
Database
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Existing WindCon/MasCon16 devices can now be converted directly from inside
Observer under the properties for the MasCon 16/WindCon device.
Backup channel and Backup channel trigger have now been removed from the
point properties when configuring devices other than MasCon48.
When adding bearings to a database the bearing also gets added to any
external databases that are attached.
Microlog can now use a tri-axis sensor for Single axis points.
Microlog now uses speed from speed point automatically if the vibration point
lacks speed information.
Data form the database can now automatically be deleted by monitor when
older than a specific date. This does not apply to trend values.
Other
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When listening to a time waveform it is now possible to save this as a .wave
file.
Introduction of GSC services.
Introduction of Data miner views.
Machine parts can now store the part number as information field.
The grid lines on the print out are now thinner.
If creating a channel with an empty channel name the channel gets an
automatic name.
Machine name is now displayed in the 4-20mA output selection dialog.
The IMx measurement configuration file now contains information about which
build of Observer was used to generate it.
A command line parameter "USE_APP_PATH" can now be added to the
shortcut of the Observer application which will cause the application to use the
application path for reading .ini files and configuration files instead of the
application data folder.
OPC UA support
Machine copy wizard now skips channel and DAD configuration when the user
selects not to include measurement points in the copy operation.
Built-in messaging has been added to Observer.
Minor
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The multiple point update wizard now displays the time it was finished.
If a user tries to import a file that was created with newer version of Observer
than the Observer system currently in use, the user will be informed about this
and prompted to continue or not.
3-Channel measurement is no longer possible to select into transient groups.
Low warning and low alarm have been removed from counter measurement
points.
"Counts" and "Counts rate" measurement points have now been renamed to
"Counter" and "Counter rate".
Clicking on an item in the status bar now also functions as a shortcut and
opens up functionality depending on the item clicked.
@ptitude Observer User Manual
Observer 9.1, Revision J
Version History
@ptitude Observer 9.0
@ptitude Observer 9.0
Installation
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When creating a new database, no need to browse for a bearing file manually.
It is now possible to make the Observer system remember the username and
password next time the user logs in.
The linked databases are now configured for a user instead for everyone.
Groups have been added to the Online repository.
The licence key now also contains information about the purchase serial
number which makes it easier to communicate with Customer Support.
All references to "Registration Key" has been renamed to "Licence key".
Storage location for .ini files and .con files has been changed to the user's own
application directory instead of common application directory.
Graphs
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Reference spectra confirmation has been changed.
Major Multi trend plot enhancements made.
DiagX wizard has been enhanced.
Runout compensation has been added.
The speed value is now visible in the Orbit plot.
The planet shaft is now visible also in the Gear Inspector and Profile plots.
The speed of the Order analysis shaft as well as the tacho speed are now
visible in the FFT graph.
Improved Gear Inspector calculations.
It is now possible to invert the scale in the 3D plot.
Scale options 0.0005, 0.0002 and 0.0001 have been added to the graphs.
The Orbit graph has been enhanced with several features.
It is now possible to add temporary notes to diagrams.
The trend plot cursor has been changed when using speed or process values
on the x-axis.
Configuration
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TBU Temp option has been removed.
When creating an IMx-M Unit the default External configuration is now set to
Protection.
It is now possible to have Automatic alarms enabled or disabled for new
measurement points with a user setting.
It is now possible to right click on a machine and create a machine template.
It is now possible to export and import diagnosis rules.
Default BPS for Modbus communication has been changed to 19200.
It is now possible to zoom in the machine parts.
It is now possible to set the speed of a measurement in the FFT window.
It is no longer possible to select Order Shaft for Time Waveform Points.
Other
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@ptitude Observer User Manual
Observer 9.1, Revision J
It is now possible to register Event cases and conduct event case incident
reporting.
It is now possible to tag machines and measurement points with custom tags.
The system log is now expandable making it easier to read the description of
large configuration changes.
All date and time stamps in the application now clearly state the time zone's
date and time.
A private firmware can now be added to roll out a firmware to a few devices
instead of the entire fleet of devices.
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Version History
@ptitude Observer 9.0
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The Counter measurement point has been enhanced to be able to count
machine stops or distance instead of only pulses.
List views throughout the application has been enhanced.
Data miner views are now encrypted.
Observer will now inform the user if a device is not connected to the monitor
service when requesting live values.
Filtering is now possible in the Event log, it is also possible to refresh the data
without closing the window.
Technologies
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New frequency finder calculation method for diagnosis has been added.
Major rework of diagnosis has been done.
Support for Built-in OPC Server has been added.
Support for IMx-C has been added.
Test-bench monitoring is now possible with a new feature called "Conditional
activation".
Peak counter functionality has been added as a diagnosis.
New Dashboard which gathers useful information for the user has been
implemented.
@ptitude Observer 9.1
Major features
· It is now possible to use SKF Acceleration Enveloping for order tracking
measurement points in IMx.
· A simplified user interface has been added for setup of Transient measurements.
· AEE has now been added as engineering unit and measurement points and
incorporated to diagnoses.
· Measurement point settings have been reorganized to make the user interface of
measurement point setup more user-friendly.
· It is now possible to use “[SidebandPart1]” as diagnostic title when creating rules.
This gives the possibility to have automatically extended titles when attaching
diagnoses.
· System alarms are generated if the maximum number of measurement points for
an IMx has exceeded.
· Possibility to use SQL Server replication has been tested and routines for this
have been added.
· IMx devices have now a possibility to set user defined end frequencies for the
frequency range.
· Alarm events are now included in the export and import routines.
· Support for IMx-B device has been added.
· The setup of Shaft centerline point is now more intuitive.
· Spectra data can now be calculated directly from time waveform. This means that
there is no need for storing FFT data if no averaging is done in frequency domain.
· Alarm schedules have been added to measurement point setup to make the
system possible to store more data when in alarm.
· The transient measurements can now have lower resolution than the
measurements taken at operating speed. This will make the system faster when
in transients.
· Sector alarms have been added as an option to the circle alarm for vector
monitoring.
· Multi-channel measurement points now have separate trend values and alarm
levels for each sensor.
· Interface to IMx-M Protection has been extended.
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Observer 9.1, Revision J
Version History
@ptitude Observer 9.1
· Custom bands have been added to IMx vibration measurement point types.
· A possibility to take more data before and after an alarm has been added. This
feature is called Pre/Post data capture.
· Diagram boxe functionality has been added.
· Support for Microlog FW version 4 has been added.
· Support for Oracle databases has been dropped.
Minor features
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New time zone handling.
Attachment's names can be longer.
Path and machine name are now shown in the System log.
Number of decimals in the phase plot is now a user preference.
Tooltip functionality has been added to the trend plot.
Title and subtitles can now be added to screen printouts.
It is possible to disable alarms but keep the alarm level.
SQL Server 2012 is now available on the installation DVD.
Auto refresh functionality has been added to the Event log.
Transient classifications have been improved.
@ptitude Observer User Manual
Observer 9.1, Revision J
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