null  null
Model 633
Aethalometer®
Black Carbon Monitor
User Manual
© TELEDYNE ADVANCED POLLUTION INSTRUMENTATION
9480 CARROLL PARK DRIVE
SAN DIEGO, CA 92121-5201
USA
Toll-free Phone:
Phone:
Fax:
Email:
Website:
Copyright 2012-2014
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
800-324-5190
858-657-9800
858-657-9816
[email protected]
http://www.teledyne-api.com/
07645B DCN6853
05 March 2014
NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT
© 2012-2014 Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation, user manual
expanded and edited with permission from Aerosol d.o.o./Magee Scientific.
All rights reserved.
TRADEMARKS
The Aethalometer® is a registered trademark of Magee Scientific and the
instrument is manufactured by Aerosol d.o.o. in Slovenia. All other
trademarks, registered trademarks, brand names or product names appearing
in this document are the property of their respective owners and are used
herein for identification purposes only.
07645B DCN6853
i
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
This page intentionally left blank.
ii
07645B DCN6853
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION
5
1.1 Description
5
1.1.1 ‘DualSpot™’ Technology
6
1.1.2 % Biomass Burning
10
1.1.3 Automatic Zero and Span
11
1.1.4 User and Communications Interfaces
13
1.1.5 Modular Construction
13
1.2 Technical Specifications
14
1.3 Functional Description
15
2 SAFETY NOTES and LABELS
21
3. INSTRUMENT INSTALLATION
25
3.1 Unpacking the system
25
3.2 The sampling line
25
3.3 Powering on the Aethalometer
27
3.4 Filter tape installation
29
3.4 Manually lifting/lowering chamber optical head
36
4 USER INTERFACE, SETTINGS and OPERATION
37
4.1 User interface and settings
37
4.2 Instrument Status
39
Single Status Condition
40
Multiple Status Conditions
41
4.3 Downloading and Viewing Data
Data file structure and description of the fields
41
43
4.4 Connecting to External Datalogger or PC
46
4.5 Serial Commands for Communication with the Aethalometer
47
4.6 External Devices
48
4.7 Software upgrade
49
4.8 BC source apportionment
49
4.9 Screen saver
50
07645B DCN6853
iii
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
5 MAINTENANCE and SERVICE
51
5.1 Cleaning the cyclone
52
5.2 Leak test
54
5.3 Automatic flow meter calibration
55
Automatic flow calibration procedure
5.4 Manual flow meter calibration
Manual flow calibration procedure
56
59
59
5.5 Manual stability test
65
5.5 Manual clean air test
65
5.6 Cleaning the optical head
66
5.7 Changing the bypass cartridge filter
69
5.8 Calibrating the tape sensor
72
5.9 Flow verification
74
Equipment required
74
Flow verification start
74
Auto flow verification
74
Manual flow verification
75
Results
75
5.10 Neutral Density (ND) filter test
75
Equipment required
75
ND filter test start
76
Results
76
6 TECHNICAL SUPPORT and CONTACT INFORMATION
77
This page intentionally left blank.
78
7 SPARE PARTS LIST
79
iv
07645B DCN6853
1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Description
Figure 1. The Aethalometer® Model 633.
The Model 633 represents the “Next Generation” version of the real-time Aethalometer rackmount instrument to measure Black Carbon (BC) particles in air. Please refer to the original
Magee Scientific Aethalometer manual for a full description and background information on
the method (http://mageesci.com/images/stories/docs/Aethalometer_book_2005.07.03.pdf).
The Model 633 Aethalometer incorporates scientific and technical advances designed to offer
improved measurement performance versus previous versions of the Aethalometer and other
BC instruments, user features, communications and interface, and the ability to perform
routine performance tests to verify correct operation. Most importantly, the instrument
incorporates the patented DualSpot™ measurement method. This provides two significant
advantages: elimination of the changes in response due to ‘aerosol loading’ effects; and a realtime calculation of the ‘loading compensation’ parameter which offers insights into aerosol
optical properties, and has been interpreted in models of aerosol origins and aging.
07645B DCN6853
5
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
The Model 633 Aethalometer has been developed with input from the research and
monitoring communities, and is designed for reliable operation under all conditions ranging
from state-of-the-art research to compliance monitoring.
The leading innovations incorporated into the Model 633 include:
The DualSpot™ measurement method, which solves the effects common to all filterbased real-time monitors, in which the instrumental response factor shows a
dependence on the loading of material on the filter.
Features for automatic ‘dynamic zero’ testing under a flow of internally-generated
clean air; ‘span’ testing of the response of the optical sources and detectors; calibration
of the response of the internal mass flow meters, if an external standard flow calibrator
is connected; and validation of the photometric response by use of a kit of ‘Neutral
Density’ optical filters whose properties may be traced to reference standards.
User and communications interfaces, permitting remote monitoring of operation; data
retrieval; performance of internal tests; and reporting of ‘state-of-health’ parameters.
Modular construction designed for ease of routine maintenance service.
In addition to the above features, the Model 633 Aethalometer offers real-time aerosol
absorption analysis at up to seven optical wavelengths, with rapid time resolution to 1 second
even in multiple-wavelength mode. This permits the measurement of optically-absorbing
aerosols – ‘Black’ Carbon and ‘Brown’ Carbon components of particulate matter – in
applications including routine monitoring of ambient air quality for regulatory purposes;
measurements of the concentration of BC in urban, suburban, regional, rural and remote
locations; source testing; and laboratory-based research.
1.1.1 ‘DualSpot™’ Technology
The Model 633 Aethalometer uses the patented DualSpot™ method to compensate for the ‘spot
loading effect’; and also to provide a real-time output of the ‘loading compensation’ parameter,
which may provide additional information about the physical and chemical properties of the
aerosol.
6
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
The ‘spot loading effect’ is a variable phenomenon which appears as a gradual reduction of
instrumental response as the aerosol deposit density of the filter tape increases from zero to
the predetermined limit of ‘Maximum Attenuation’ (Gundel 1984, Weingartner 2003, Arnott
2005, Virkkula 2007, Kanaya 2008). When the filter tape advances to a fresh spot, the data
undergoes a discontinuous jump from its previous lower value, calculated when the spot was
heavily loaded; to a higher value, calculated from collection on a fresh spot at zero loading. In
the Aethalometer the reduction of data at increasing loadings is well described by a linear
function of attenuation, but its magnitude cannot be predicted: some aerosols in some
locations in some seasons may show a small or zero ‘loading effect’; while under other
conditions, the effect may be larger and noticeable. Empirically, it is found that fresher
aerosols closer to their combustion sources will show a larger ‘spot loading effect’; while wellaged aerosols under atmospheric conditions of high chemical activity and oxidative processing
may show an almost zero effect.
The effect is revealed statistically by processing data
collected over a large number of tape advances, representing many data points collected at
loadings (‘ATN values’) ranging from zero to the preset maximum. The data is collected into
bins according to loading (attenuation, ATN).
If there is a systematic reduction of the
calculated result as a function of loading, the data will show a clear negative slope, with the
intercept representing the ‘zero loading’ value. Figure 2 illustrates two datasets from urban
locations with loading effects either present or not.
07645B DCN6853
7
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Figure 2. Aethalometer data sorted and averaged according to loading (attenuation, ATN) on spot –
roadside location in London, UK (top); urban site in Boston (Roxbury), USA (bottom).
The London data show a systematic reduction at increasing loadings; while the Boston data do
not. This demonstrates that any method intended to compensate for the ‘spot loading effect’
must be auto-adaptive and able to adjust dynamically to different situations. An instrument
based on firmware with a fixed ‘loading non-linearity’ parameter will not operate correctly at
all locations. The ‘loading non-linearity’ parameter must be measured.
8
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
It is clear that the effect, when present, is linear with loading (‘ATN’). This can be represented
as:
BC (reported) = BC (zero loading) * { 1 - k • ATN }
where BC (zero loading) is the desired ambient BC value that would be obtained in the
absence of any loading effect; and k is the ‘loading compensation parameter’ (similar to
Virkkula, 2007).
The analysis of a large number of datasets from a wide variety of locations shows that this
relationship is linear in all cases studied; but with different values of k. It is therefore possible
to eliminate the ‘loading effect’ of k by making two simultaneous identical measurements BC1
and BC2 at different degrees of loading ATN1 and ATN2.
BC1 = BC * { 1 - k • ATN1 }
BC2 = BC * { 1 - k • ATN2 }
From these two linear equations we may calculate the ‘loading compensation parameter’ k;
and the desired value of BC compensated back to zero loading.
The Model 633 Aethalometer analyzes the Black Carbon component of aerosols on two
parallel spots drawn from the same input stream, but collected at different rates of
accumulation, i.e. at different values of ATN. By combining the data according to the above
equations, the Model 633 yields the value of BC extrapolated back to ‘zero loading’; as well as a
real-time output of the ‘loading compensation parameter’ k which provides insights into the
aerosol nature and composition. This process is performed in real time for all wavelengths:
examination of the ‘k’ values as a function of wavelength provides further information about
the aerosol composition. An example of this is shown for extreme concentrations of black
carbon (Figure 3).
07645B DCN6853
9
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
IR, 1 second
raw BC1
raw BC2
compensated BC
3
BC concentration (ng/m )
80000
60000
40000
20000
0
2000
3000
4000
time (sec)
Figure 3. The time-series of 633 raw and compensated BC concentrations with 1 second timebase – note
the extreme concentrations and loading effects.
1.1.2 % Biomass Burning
The Model 633 Aethalometer® instrument uses the principles of aerosol light absorption to measure
Black Carbon mass concentration. The measurement is done using an assumed aerosol cross
sectional absorption coefficient from the raw light absorption measurements (Hansen, The
Aethalometer Manual). The aerosol light absorption coefficient that is applied in the Aethalometer
instrument is a function of the filter media being used to collect the sample, and is dependent on the
incident LED wavelength. The Model 633 Aethalometer uses a 7-wavelength (370, 470, 525, 590,
660, 880, and 940nm) light source and a Teflon coated glass fiber filter media.
For this
configuration, the cross sectional absorption coefficients (also called sigmas) for each wavelength
are chosen (18.47, 14.54, 13.14, 11.58, 9.89, 7.77, and 7.19, respectively). These sigma values are
used in the instrument software to calculate a normalized Black Carbon particulate matter
measurement for each measurement wavelength from the raw light absorption measurements.
In the atmosphere, Black Carbon particles exist in a variety of mixing states and in some cases
coexist with particles of other composition and physiology. The mixing state is heavily dependent
on the combustion fuel and proximity of the sampled aerosol to the source, as well as other factors.
Two classic examples of Black Carbon found in a typical ambient environment come from wood
and diesel combustion. To the naked eye, a smoke plume coming from a diesel tailpipe looks
10
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
different than one from a pile of burning leaves. The main reason is that wood smoke contains a
large fraction of aromatic organic compounds, which tend to absorb shorter light wavelengths to s
larger extent (i.e. UV) than the longer wavelengths (i.e. IR). Contrarily, due to the absence of these
aromatic compounds, diesel smoke tends to absorb light more uniformly across all wavelengths and
thus, appears very black to the eye. This spectral absorption dependence result, also termed an
Ångström exponent, can be measured by a multiple wavelength Aethalometer instrument, providing
essentially an optical fingerprint of the combustion source.
The 7-wavelength Aethalometer instrument has been well characterized over the years for this
unique capability, and scientists have developed various ways of using this “spectral” light
absorption dependence to come up with signatures or fingerprints of different sources.
Not
surprisingly, the most well characterized combustion sources are biomass (i.e. wood) and diesel fuel
contained in ambient air. In the latest software release for the Model 633 (version 1.1.0.0), an
algorithm has been introduced to utilize the 7-wavelength absorption data to a model and output a %
wood smoke. As with any model, there are assumptions applied here, so it is not an absolute
measure, but can be used as an indicator and considered a semi-quantitative measurement for source
apportionment purposes in ambient air quality assessments. The value is provided in units of
percentage (%) and is on a 0-100% scale. Further details about the location of these data and how to
set up the front panel to display the % biomass burning values are provided later in this manual.
The internal algorithm is based on a model developed by Sandradewi et al. (2008). For a full
technical explanation of the algorithm, see Sandradewi, J. et al. (2008), Using Aerosol Light
Absorption Measurements for the Quantitative Determination of Wood Burning and Traffic
Emission Contributions to Particulate Matter, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 3316–3323.
1.1.3 Automatic Zero and Span
The Model 633 Aethalometer is capable of automatically checking the ‘zero-air’ response of
the instrument under dynamic operating conditions. This test is implemented by backflushing the inlet connection with an excess flow of internally-filtered air and circulating the
filtered air in the instrument. The data reported during this period are analyzed for the mean
value and the point-to-point variation. The mean value should be close to zero under ideal
07645B DCN6853
11
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
conditions; any positive value greater than zero represents the leakage of BC-containing room
air into the instrument’s analytical zone.
The point-to-point variation represents the
instrument’s measurement noise level under actual operating conditions of actual flow – i.e., a
‘dynamic’ test. The point-to-point variation for the wavelength 370 nm at the time-base set to
one second is about 125 ng/m3, which translates to a couple of ng/m3 at 1 minute time
resolution (Figure 4).
2500
1 second time-base
2000
30 per. Mov. Avg. (1 second timebase)
1500
Point-to-point variation @ 1 second:
1000
126 ng/m3
131 ng/m3
119 ng/m3
500
0
14:30:00
14:35:00
14:40:00
14:45:00
14:50:00
14:55:00
15:00:00
15:05:00
15:10:00
-500
Figure 4. ‘Zero-air’ check – the Model 633 Aethalometer switches from sampling ambient air to filtered
air – 1 second time resolution point-to-point variation is very stable.
The response of the optical detectors of the Model 633 Aethalometer may be verified using a
standard kit of Neutral Density optical filters. These are glass elements with a range of known
and stable optical absorptions, from light to dark, which are traceable from manufacturing
records back to primary standards.
When these are inserted into the Model 633
Aethalometer, its photodetectors will give a certain output signal.
The stability and
reproducibility of the relationship between optical signal and ND Filter density from one
validation test to another; and the comparison with the original factory values; is a measure of
the consistency of performance of the instrument’s optics.
12
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
1.1.4 User and Communications Interfaces
The Model 633 Aethalometer incorporates the following user, data and communications
features:
•
21-cm (8.25”) color graphics touch-screen for data display and local user interface;
•
USB ports for insertion of a memory stick for local data download;
•
USB ports for connection of a keyboard, if necessary for initial setup of parameters,
such as station identification;
•
RS-232 COM ports for data transmission from auxiliary instruments or to the digital
datalogger;
(Ethernet port installed for future software implementation).
1.1.5 Modular Construction
The Model 633 Aethalometer is constructed with a modular design, so that sub-units may be
easily serviced. The only item requiring attention in routine use is cleaning of the optical
insert to remove accumulated dust or other contamination which may be brought in with the
sample air stream. The optical chamber is attached with a bayonet fitting for quick removal;
easy cleaning; and reliable re-assembly. The entire instrument is hermetically sealed to
reduce the entry of dust.
07645B DCN6853
13
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
1.2 Technical Specifications
Operation:
Supply voltage: 100-240 V~, 50/60 Hz
Max power consumption: 90W
Measurement wavelengths: 370, 470, 525, 590, 660, 880 and 940 nm
Air flow: adjustable 2, 3, 4 and 5 LPM
Environmental operating conditions:
Indoor use
Altitude: up to 3000 m with internal pump, other configurations possible
Temperature range: 10 – 40 degrees Celsius (instrument)
Relative humidity range: non-condensing
Mechanical specification:
Chassis material: sheet metal
Front plate material: plastic
Dimensions: standard 19”/6U, rack mount
Weight: approx. 20 kg
Connectors:
Sampling air: inlet / outlet type – ¼” NTPF
Communication: 3x USB type A, 3x RS-232 COM, 1x Ethernet
User interface:
8.4” SVGA display with LED backlight
Basic control: touch-screen
Optional control: standard PC keyboard and mouse
Red, Yellow, Red status LEDs
Data storage capacity: 10+ years, at 1-minute intervals
14
07645B DCN6853
®
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
1.3 Functional Description
The Model 633 features modular design and is composed of several subsystems which are so
interconnected that most simple and safe handling of the instrument is possible. Presented
here are a functional block diagram followed by a flow diagram.
MAINS
INLET
COOLING
FAN
POWER
SUPPLY
BACK
PANEL
Ethernet
COM1
COM2
COM3
ELECTRONIC
BOARDS
AIR
INLET
USB3
AIR
OUTLET
AIR
AIR
PUMP
CRC
MAIN
COMPUTER
BALL
VALVE
MEASUREMENT CHAMBER
CHAMBER LIFT
MECHANISM
UN-ROLL TAPE
SPOOL
TAPE
SENSOR
TAPE ADVANCE
MECHANISM
FLOWMETERS and
SOLENOIDS
LIGHT SOURCE
TAPE
SENSOR
ROLL-ON TAPE
SPOOL
TAPE
DETECTOR
DISPLAY + TOUCHSCREEN
FRONT PANEL DOOR
USB1
USB2
STAUS
LEDS
ON/OFF
SWITCH
DOOR
KNOB
Figure 5. Model 633 functional block diagram
ENCLOSURE
The Model 633 enclosure is very robust and made from sheet metal. The enclosure
mechanically protects the delicate inner measurement parts. The dimensions of the enclosure
meet the rack mount standard for the instrumentation.
07645B DCN6853
15
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
POWER SUPPLY
The power supply module is composed of the mains inlet, the power supply electronics and
the cooling fan. Since the power supply electronics heats up, it is mechanically integrated in a
separated and thermally sealed area.
MAINS INLET
The mains inlet accepts standard EU, US or UK supply cords. It is composed of the inlet itself,
the EMC filter, the main fuse and the primary ON/OFF switch. The switch is a part of the power
supply module.
COOLING FAN
The cooling fan is also a part of the power supply module. The control electronics measures
the temperature of the power supply area and switches on and off the cooling fan.
MAIN COMPUTER
The main computer processor also generates quite a lot of heat. It is integrated in the power
supply area so it can be cooled down together with the power supply electronics. The highest
level control software and the user interface are implemented on the main, PC based
computer.
ELECTRONIC BOARDS
The system features modular design so the electronics is composed of various electronics
boards which mechanically fit together with other mechanical modules. The low level control
firmware is implemented with microcontrollers, which are located on separate electronic
boards so parallel real time data processing is possible.
ETHERNET CONNECTOR
The Ethernet connector allows the connection of the Model 633 measurement system to
Ethernet based communication networks.
COM1, COM2, COM3 CONNECTORS
The COM connectors allow the connection of the system to RS232 based devices, like external
sensors or dataloggers.
16
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
USB CONNECTOR (rear panel)
The USB connector allows the connection of the system to USB based devices, like external
sensors or data processing units.
AIR INLET and OUTLET CONNECTORS
The air inlet and outlet connector allows the connection of the instrument to external airflow
system. The measured air enters the instrument through the inlet connector and leaves the
instrument through the outlet connector.
BALL VALVE
The ball valve is an electrically actuated valve which is connected directly to the inlet
connector and connects or separates the instrument from the external air system.
CRC
The CRC (also called muffler) is a filter used to decrease the noise in the airflow which is
created by mechanical rotation of the pump.
AIR PUMP
The air pump pumps the measured air through the inlet connector, directly to the
measurement chamber. It is one of the main components in the system.
FLOWMETERS
Two flow meters measure the airflow in different points in the system. One of them is used
also in the air flow regulation loop.
SOLENOID VALVES
Three solenoid valves are used to switch the airflow through different airflow paths when the
instrument is set in different operating modes like measure, tape advance or similar.
07645B DCN6853
17
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
CHAMBER LIFT MECHANISM
The chamber lift mechanism allows the measurement chamber to be lifted manually or
electromechanically. During tape advance the automated chamber lift procedure is invoked.
During tape replacement the manual chamber lift procedure can be engaged. The manual
chamber lift mechanism features also a special locking mechanism which simplifies the tape
replacement or chamber cleaning procedure. The main electronic components of the chamber
lift mechanism are the stepper motor and the chamber lift position sensor.
TAPE ADVANCE MECHANISM
The advance mechanism allows the instrument to perform automatic tape advances during
measurements. The main electronic parts of the tape advance mechanism are a stepper motor
and the two tape sensors.
ROLL-ON and UN-ROLL TAPE SPOOLS
The roll-on and the un-roll tape spools hold the measurement tape. During automated tape
advance the tape unrolls from the un-roll spool and rolls on the roll-on spool. If the un-roll
spool is empty, the event is detected automatically thanks to the tape sensors. The tape
replacement procedure must be performed manually by the operator. The measurement tape
is one of the main parts of the system.
TAPE SENSORS
The two tape sensors are used by the instrument software to detect the amount of tape on the
un-roll and roll-on spools.
LIGHT SOURCE
The light source integrates groups of LEDs of different light wavelengths. It is one of the main
parts of the system.
DETECTOR
The detector detects what amount of light passes through the measurement tape. A special
algorithm is used to calculate the black carbon concentration using the information from the
detector and the flow meter.
18
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
FRONT PANEL DOOR
The front panel door can be opened which allows the access to the instrument for tape
replacement or chamber cleaning.
DISPLAY and TOUCH-SCREEN
The display and the touch-screen are the main user interfaces of the instrument. Using this
interface the operator can perform all necessary operations for proper functioning of the
instrument.
USB CONNECTORS (front panel)
The two USB ports on the front panel door can be used to connect a keyboard, mouse or a USB
key for data download or data upload.
STATUS LEDS
The red, yellow and green status LEDs show the correct or incorrect operation of the
instrument. This status is replicated on the screen with the Status Condition (see Section 4.2
Instrument Status).
DOOR KNOB
The door knob is used to open the front panel door.
ON/OFF SWITCH
The secondary ON/OFF switch is located behind the front door. It is electrically connected in
series with the primary ON/OFF switch, which is located at the back of the instrument, next to
the mains inlet. (Both switches must be set to ON to power up the instrument, but either one
can be set to OFF to power down the instrument).
07645B DCN6853
19
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
This page intentionally left blank.
20
07645B DCN6853
2 SAFETY NOTES and LABELS
CAUTION!
READ THIS CHAPTER VERY CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATING THE
INSTRUMENT.
Instrument operation
Read this User’s manual BEFORE operating the instrument. INCORRECT
instrument operation can be DANGEROUS for the operator.
Unauthorised instrument access and operation
The instrument must be protected against unqualified use. UNAUTHORISED
instrument access and operation can be dangerous. The instrument can only be
operated by persons who can ensure proper handling due to their qualification,
technical skills and practical experience.
Electric shock
CHECK the mains power supply cord ANNUALLY. If the supply cable is
DAMAGED,
stop
using
the
equipment
and
contact
your
authorized
representative.
07645B DCN6853
21
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Fire and explosion
NEVER install the instrument in explosion-risk areas and never use the
equipment near flammable substances.
Instrument overheating
ALWAYS assure the instrument operates under proper operating ambient
conditions. NEVER install the instrument in spaces with limited air circulation.
UV radiation
633 light source contains an ultraviolet (UV) light emitting diode (LED). The LED
radiates UV and visible light during operation. Precautions must be taken to
prevent looking directly at the UV light with unprotected eyes. NEVER touch or
look directly into the Model 633 light source!
22
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Instrument service and repair
UNAUTHORISED instrument service and repair procedures are NOT ALLOWED.
The instrument can only be serviced, repaired or modified by authorized
persons. Please contact your authorized representative if you have any problems
with the instrument. Please make sure to have the equipment checked regularly
for technical safety.
07645B DCN6853
23
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Moving parts
During AUTOMATIC tape advance procedure, the measurement chamber is lifted
by a motorized chamber lift mechanism. To prevent any injuries to your fingers,
NEVER squeeze your hands or fingers into ANY mechanical apertures, DURING
automated tape advance procedure.
During MANUAL chamber lift procedure ALWAYS use the chamber lift locking
mechanism. To prevent any injuries to your hands or fingers, NEVER squeeze
your hands or fingers into ANY mechanical apertures, BEFORE manually lifting
the chamber.
During filter tape replacement procedure, precaution must be taken, to prevent
unintentional injuries to your hands or fingers.
24
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
3. INSTRUMENT INSTALLATION
3.1 Unpacking the system
Take the instrument out of the box and place it on an even surface. Keep the back of the
instrument accessible.
Remember to remove protective caps on the inlet and exhaust ports before operation!
Figure 6. Remove protective caps on the rear panel of the instrument before switching it on!
3.2 The sampling line
The instrument is supplied with several meters of black conductive sample line tubing
designed to minimize electrostatic particle losses in the sampling system. Keep the sampling
line as short as possible. Do not attempt to substitute the sampling tubing with tubing from a
different material. If substituting the supplied tubing with tubing from other material, please
consult the instrument supplier for details.
When installing the sample line, try to avoid sharp bends or long horizontal runs with the
sample tubing as either of these conditions can promote particle losses in the sample tube.
Insulate the sample lines inside the instrument shelter and avoid exposing them to direct
07645B DCN6853
25
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
exhaust from the HVAC unit – this can lead to condensation inside the sample line tubing and
can damage the instruments and interfere with the measurement.
1. Thread the supplied fitting onto the Sample Inlet port on the rear panel of the
Aethalometer (Figure 7, top). Use Teflon tape on the thread.
2. Fit the supplied barbed connector into the end of the black conductive sample tubing
(Figure 7, left).
3. Insert the connector into the fitting on the rear panel of the instrument (Figure 7,
right).
Figure 7. Connecting the sampling line.
Connect the other end of the sample line tubing to the sampling manifold or to the inlet on the
outside of the measurement station. Make sure that any openings in the station walls or ceiling
is leak-proof. If not using a size selective inlet, please make sure to keep the end of the tubing
26
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
inverted so rain cannot enter. A funnel on the sampling end of the inverted sample line tubing
with the opening covered by a mesh screen is recommended. Alternatively, the optional insect
screen can be installed near the sampling end of the tubing. The inlet should be unobstructed,
securely fixed and placed at an appropriate distance from the roof or walls of the station.
Please consult the appropriate national and international technical standards for particulate
matter sampling and analysis for details.
3.3 Powering on the Aethalometer
Connect instrument to AC power and turn on. The instrument has two power-on switches –
one on the rear panel (Figure 8, top) and another on the front inside the door on the right
(Figure 8, bottom). Set both switches to the ON position.
Figure 8. Power on switches: rear panel (top photo) and front inside the door on the right (bottom photo).
Upon start-up, the instrument will proceed through an initialization period which can take up
to 5 minutes (Figure 9). Various subunits are tested during this period and test results are
07645B DCN6853
27
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
indicated by green check boxes for each step. The instrument will automatically begin
measurements as quickly as initialization is complete, if the touch screen display remains
untouched during the process.
Figure 9. The initialization screen with test results.
Note that the green spot with a checkmark in its center means that the corresponding system
is functioning properly. If there is any kind of error, either a red spot with an x-mark or a
yellow spot with an exclamation mark will appear, please contact Teledyne API Technical
Support.
28
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
3.4 Filter tape installation
In the Operation / General menu (Section 4 provides information about the user interface)
press “Stop” to stop measurements. (If the instrument is powered OFF for this procedure, see
Section 3.4 Manually lifting/lowering chamber optical head). In the Operation / Advanced menu
press “Change Tape” and follow instructions – you will need a fresh roll of filter tape and some
adhesive tape. For details, please see below.
In the Operation /
General menu press
“Stop” to stop
measurements.
In the Operation /
Advanced menu press
“Change Tape”
07645B DCN6853
29
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
The first “Tape Change
Procedure” screen is
displayed while the
chamber lifts, then the
second “Tape change
Procedure” screen is
displayed with a prompt to
change tape.
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Wait to lift chamber.
Start changing filter tape:
First remove the
transparent tape retention
disk on the left …
… then on the right.
30
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Slide tape from beneath
the optical chamber and
remove the used tape.
Keep the empty roll for
use with new, replacement
tape.
Using transparent tape,
attach end of new tape to
empty roll.
07645B DCN6853
31
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Center carefully for even
alignment.
Tape direction is from
bottom, left to right.
32
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Insert the new tape roll on
the left side of the
chamber and run the tape
under the left guide-arm.
Slide the tape under the
optical head,
then run it under the right
guide-arm and install the
empty roll on the right.
There may be some slack
in the tape.
07645B DCN6853
33
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Ensure the tape is taut
between the two sides.
Replace the transparent
tape retention disks.
Close the door and press
OK on the display screen.
34
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
The next “Tape Change
Procedure” screen
prompts you to wait for
the chamber to return to
home position.
The next screen provides
notice when the tape
change procedure is
finished. Press OK.
Figure 10. Changing filter tape
07645B DCN6853
35
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
3.4 Manually lifting/lowering chamber optical head
In case the instrument is turned off, the chamber can be lifted manually, as follows:
(Stop measurements first:
Operation>General>Stop).
Note the retention pin at
the top of the chamber
optical head.
Grasp the optical head
securely in both hands
with fingers at bottom and
thumbs on top, pressing
retention pin down and
raising optical head up.
Figure 11. Manually Lifting the Chamber Optical Head
ATTENTION! – If the chamber is lifted while instrument is operating (STOP button not
pressed), it is not possible to restart the measurement without cycling the instrument
power. (Flip both power switches to OFF; then flip each to ON).
36
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
4 USER INTERFACE, SETTINGS and OPERATION
4.1 User interface and settings
There are four 1st level menu tabs in the touch-screen user interface: HOME, OPERATION,
DATA, and ABOUT (Figure 12), described as follows:
HOME with the following parameters:
o BC - the measured values for Black Carbon (measured at 880 nm)
o UVPM - UV particulate matter (measured at 370 nm) OR
o %BB – the % biomass burning as measured and calculated through the analysis
of all 7-wavelength absorption channels
o REPORTED FLOW - measured flow (in LPM)
o TIMEBASE - timebase setting (in seconds)
o TAPE ADV. LEFT - the amount of remaining tape (in )
o STATUS – instrument status: green (all OK), yellow (check status), and red
(stopped) with a Status Condition (see Section 4.2 Instrument Status),
o Bottom of HOME screen shows date and time.
Note: The BC and UVPM values will typically be similar, but not exactly the same.
If aromatic compounds are present in the sampled air (such as when sampling
fresh wood-smoke, for example), the UVPM concentration will exceed the BC mass
concentration value significantly, depending upon the amount and type of organic
material present. UVPM display can be changed to %BB by going into the
Operations  Advanced Tab. Check the box which shows “Proc BB”.
OPERATION with four sub-tabs: GENERAL, ADVANCED, LOG and MANUAL.
GENERAL where one can change the settings:
o Flow (LPM)
Note: flow-reporting standard: These are the pressure and temperature which
the instrument uses to report flow. By choosing to report mass flow, (101325
Pa, 21.11 C) are used to convert the measured mass flow to reported
volumetric flow at these conditions (these are values used by the flow meter in
the Model 633). These values can be substituted for any other (pressure, Temp)
values, should you want the flow to be reported at 0 C, or 25 C for example.
Optionally, you can choose volumetric flow at ambient conditions to be
reported. To do that you need an optional weather station accessory kit
(available from Teledyne API, part number DU0000200). This external device is
connected to one of the rear RS-232 COM ports, please see below (Section 4.6
External devices).
o TimeBase (seconds)
07645B DCN6853
37
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
o select one of three radio buttons:
 TA ATNmax - maximum attenuation at which the Aethalometer advances
tape
 TA INT - the time interval at which the Aethalometer advances tape
(hours)
 TA Time - the time at which the Aethalometer advances tape
o Start, Stop, Stability, Clean air, and Change Tape buttons
ADVANCED with all parameters which can be set in the Aethalometer.
LOG with the last operational reports of status, parameter changes, data download.
MANUAL with basic commands, to operate hardware (solenoids, pump, chamber,
TA)
DATA with two sub-tabs: TABLE and EXPORT.
TABLE where raw measurement values are reported, BC concentration calculated
from each individual spot (BC1, BC2), and the compensated BC concentration. All
three concentrations have the unit ng/m3.
EXPORT with selection data to be copied to USB
SYSTEM RESTORE allows for restoration of the old setup file with all instrument
settings. You can select a setup file with a date & time in the name.
DATA IMPORT allows for importing data from the thumb drive. The data must be
in the same folder and format as it is when exported to the thumb drive.
ABOUT – features and contact information.
38
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Black Carbon Particle Monitor Model 633
This is a Magee Scientific Aethalometer® Model AE33 with DualSpot™ technology.
Manufactured in Slovenia by Aerosol d.o.o. and sold by Teledyne API under license.
Figure 12. The Aethalometer HOME, OPERATION, DATA and ABOUT screens, clock-wise from top left.
4.2 Instrument Status
The instrument’s current status condition is displayed in decimal format on the front panel
HOME screen and in the Status column of the data download. The status condition relates to
various subcomponents of the instrument, e.g., Detector, Flow, LED, etc. The decimal number
represents a sum of all of the status conditions occurring at any given time. (Multiple status
conditions are interpreted using subtraction of the largest possible Status Condition value
using the table below).
Table 1. Status Conditions and Descriptions.
07645B DCN6853
39
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Parameter
Operation
Status
Condition
0
1
2
3
1024
2048
3072
4096
0
Description
Measuring
Tape advance (tape advance, fast calibration, warm-up)
First measurement – obtaining ATNO
Stopped
Flow OK
Flow out of limit (low/high by more than 0.25 LPM)
Check flow status history
Flow out of limit (low/high) and Check flow status
history
Chamber OK
Chamber error
LEDs OK
Calibrating
Calibration error in one or more channels
(at least one channel OK)
LED error (all channels calibration error, COM error)
Filter tape OK
Tape warning (less than 30 spots left)
Tape last warning (card box visible, less than 5 spots left)
Tape error (tape not moving, end of tape)
No test
Stability test
Clean air test
Change tape procedure
Optical test
Connection
8192
Connection error
Flow
4
8
12
Chamber
LED
16
32
48
Filter Tape
128
256
384
Tests &
Procedures
External
Device
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
When Status Condition 3 is encountered, the Aethalometer stops. In all other statuses, it
continues to operate with a warning, and the data are flagged accordingly. The status is represented by one value, which can point to one condition or a combination of conditions.
Single Status Condition
If the value displayed matches a value in the Status Condition column, it indicates only one
parameter and its description.
Examples:
40
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
- Status = 0, all OK -> front panel LED's GREEN
- Status = 1, all OK, tape advancing -> blinking GREEN LED
- Status = 128, machine is running, tape advance warning flag is set -> YELLOW
Multiple Status Conditions
If the Status displayed does not match a value in the table, it means that there are multiple
parameters whose Status Conditions are added together, forming a sum that must be broken
down by subtraction: find the largest value in the Status Condition column that does not
exceed the Status value, and subtract it from the sum. Then Find the next largest value in the
Status Condition column that does not exceed the remainder, and subtract again. Continue
finding the next largest number and subtracting it until the remainder matches a value in the
Status Condition column.
Examples:
- Status = 289, which breaks down as follows: 289 – 256 = 33; 33 – 32 = 1; therefore, the
Status Conditions are 256, 32, and 1. which mean -> machine is not measuring (1), LED
calibration had errors in 1 or more (but not all) channels (32), and less than 5 tape
advances are left (256)
- Status = 145, which breaks down as follows: 145 – 128 = 17; 17 – 16 = 1; therefore, the
Status Conditions are 128, 17, and 1. which mean -> machine is not measuring (1), LED
calibration is in process (16), and less than 10 tape advances are left (128)
4.3 Downloading and Viewing Data
To download data, insert the USB stick in either of the front USB ports. Do not use the rear
ports as they are intended for the mouse and keyboard only and not for data transfer (surge
protection).
Go to the “Data / Export” menu and press “Export to USB”.
07645B DCN6853
41
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
The data will be stored in a text file with a header. The file name is:
AE33_Sss- nnnnn_yyyymmdd.dat
where ss is the production series number, nnnnn is the serial number, and yyyymmdd is the
date, for example 20120901 means 1 Sept 2012.
Please make sure that the transfer is finished before removing the USB stick from the USB port
on the Aethalometer. You can now transfer the data file to a personal computer as any other
file, making note, where you saved it, and open it in your favorite data processing application.
42
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Data file structure and description of the fields
Header:
Date(yyyy/MM/dd); Time(hh:mm:ss); Timebase; RefCh1; Sen1Ch1; Sen2Ch1; RefCh2;
Sen1Ch2; Sen2Ch2; RefCh3; Sen1Ch3; Sen2Ch3; RefCh4; Sen1Ch4; Sen2Ch4; RefCh5; Sen1Ch5;
Sen2Ch5; RefCh6; Sen1Ch6; Sen2Ch6; RefCh7; Sen1Ch7; Sen2Ch7; Flow1; Flow2; FlowC;
Pressure(Pa); Temperature(°C); BB(%); ContTemp; SupplyTemp; Status; ContStatus;
DetectStatus; LedStatus; ValveStatus; LedTemp; BC11; BC12; BC1; BC21; BC22; BC2; BC31;
BC32; BC3; BC41; BC42; BC4; BC51; BC52; BC5; BC61; BC62; BC6; BC71; BC72; BC7; K1; K2;
K3; K4; K5; K6; K7; TapeAdvCount; ID_com1; ID_com2; ID_com3; fields_i
Data line:
2012/09/21 00:34:00 60 890416 524323 709193 823296 573862 756304 884844 619592
789142 822391 673266 816066 792706 686925 828401 738101 718325 841075 789053
722690 833686 3325 1674 4999 101325 21.11 15 30 40 0 0 10 10 00000 0 1150 1290 1242
1166 1248 1215 1150 1231 1190 1146 1196 1175 1214 1195 1234 1144 1114 1139 1180
1225 1174 0.00133 0.00095 0.00092 0.00080 0.00057 -0.00024 -0.00025 12 0 2 0 21.1
07645B DCN6853
43
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Data field description:
- Date(yyyy/MM/dd): date.
- Time(hh:mm:ss): time.
- Timebase: timebase – units in seconds.
- Ref1, Sen1Ch1, Sen2Ch1…: are the raw signal Reference (Ref), Sense 1 ( Sen1) and Sense 2 (
Sen2) values form which the BC concentrations are calculated for channel 1 (Ch1), that is
wavelength 370 nm. BC11 is the uncompensated BC calculated from the spot 1 for channel 1.
BC1 is the final results the BC calculated form measurements for channel 1 (370 nm).
- Flow1; Flow2; FlowC: Measured flow in ml/min. Flow 1 is flow through the spot 1, Flow_C is
common (total flow) through the optical chamber, Flow_2 is the difference between these two.
- Pressure (Pa); Temperature (°C); RH (%): These are the pressure and temperature which the
instrument uses to report flow. By choosing to report mass flow, (101325 Pa, 21.11 C) are
used to convert the measured mass flow to reported volumetric flow at these conditions
(these are values used by the flow meter in the AE33). These values can be substituted for any
other (pressure, Temp) values, should you want the flow to be reported at 0 C, or 25 C for
example. Optionally, you can choose volumetric flow at ambient conditions to be reported. To
do that you need an optional weather station accessory for the (pressure, Temp)
measurement. We offer this separately (PN DU00000200). This external device is connected to
the COM ports, please see below. If the weather station is connected, the measured values will
be appended at the end of the data file as described below, and inserted into these columns.
- %BB – An internal algorithm interprets the 7-wavelength absorption data and outputs a
measurement of % wood smoke (or % biomass burning). This value is semi-quantitative and
based upon work by Sandradewi et al. (2008).
- SupplyTemp: power supply board temperature
- Status; ContStatus; DetectStatus; LedStatus; ValveStatus; LedTemp: status codes for the
instrument, reported in the , please see manual, chapter 5.2. and the subcomponents:
controller, detector LED board; valve status (each valve can be on or off); LED board
temperature
44
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
- BC11; BC12; BC1; BC21; BC22; BC2; BC31; BC32; BC3; BC41; BC42; BC4; BC51; BC52; BC5;
BC61; BC62; BC6; BC71; BC72; BC7: BC11 is the uncompensated BC calculated from the spot 1
for channel 1. BC1 is the final results the BC calculated form measurements for channel 1 (370
nm).
- K1; K2; K3; K4; K5; K6; K7: K_i are the compensation parameters for wavelengths i=1…7
- TapeAdvCount: TapeAdvCount – tape advances since start
- ID_com1; ID_com2; ID_com3; fields_i: ID_comi are the identifiers telling the Aethalometer
which auxiliary device is connected to which serial port (necessary because of the different
data structure). This is a 3 byte field:
0 2 0 21.1
means that the “Comet temperature probe” (instrument code 2) is connected to COM2. The
temperature is 21.1 C. (This is not true for the temperature and pressure measurements to
calculate volumetric flow using AMES_TPR159 sensor!)
If we connected additionally another aux instrument to COM1 the dataline would be (ID_comi:
5 2 0):
Date(yyyy/MM/dd); Time(hh:mm:ss); Timebase; RefCh1; Sen1Ch1; Sen2Ch1; RefCh2;
Sen1Ch2; Sen2Ch2; RefCh3; Sen1Ch3; Sen2Ch3; RefCh4; Sen1Ch4; Sen2Ch4; RefCh5;
Sen1Ch5; Sen2Ch5; RefCh6; Sen1Ch6; Sen2Ch6; RefCh7; Sen1Ch7; Sen2Ch7; Flow1;
Flow2; FlowC; Pressure (Pa); Temperature (°C); RH (%); ContTemp; SupplyTemp;
Status; ContStatus; DetectStatus; LedStatus; ValveStatus; LedTemp; BC11; BC12; BC1;
BC21; BC22; BC2; BC31; BC32; BC3; BC41; BC42; BC4; BC51; BC52; BC5; BC61; BC62;
BC6; BC71; BC72; BC7; K1; K2; K3; K4; K5; K6; K7; TapeAdvCount; ID_com1; ID_com2;
ID_com3; fields_i
2012/09/21 00:34:00 60 890416 524323 709193 823296 573862 756304 884844
619592 789142 822391 673266 816066 792706 686925 828401 738101 718325
841075 789053 722690 833686 3325 1674 4999 101325 21.11 -1 30 40 0 0 10 10
00000 0 1150 1290 1242 1166 1248 1215 1150 1231 1190 1146 1196 1175 1214
1195 1234 1144 1114 1139 1180 1225 1174 0.00133 0.00095 0.00092 0.00080
0.00057 -0.00024 -0.00025 12 5 2 0 1090 45 20.0 21.1
where the aux instrument with the code 5 is a weather station reporting pressure (1090
mbar), RH (45%) and temperature (20.0). the temperature 21.1 is reported by the “Comet
temperature probe” installed at a different location.
07645B DCN6853
45
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
System Restore
This function allows for restoring the instrument to one of the older setup files. When you click the
“Sys. restore” button the list of all backed up setup files is shown. You can select the setup file by
the data and time, when it was replaced by a new one.
Data Import
Data can be imported from the thumb drive to the instrument. The data has to be stored in the folder
with the instrument serial number (for example AE33-S02-000134). The filenames and format
should not be changed. Data import function imports the following files:
setup file (the one from the thumb drive becomes the instrument setup file. Current
instrument setup file is backed-up)
backup setup files - are copied to the backup folder (existing files are overwritten)
data files: are copied to the data folder (existing files are overwritten). The running-date data
file is merged with the existing one on the instrument.
ND test files are copied to the NDtest folder (existing files are overwritten)
flow verification files are copied to the Flow folder (existing files are overwritten)
log file is merged to the existing one
4.4 Connecting to External Datalogger or PC
Connect with a crossover cable (or standard serial cable with null modem adapter) from the
PC / Datalogger to the serial port of the instrument on the rear panel.
Establish communications using the following values:
.BaudRate = 115200
.DataBits = 8
.StopBits = IO.Ports.StopBits.One
.Parity = IO.Ports.Parity.None
.Handshake = IO.Ports.Handshake.None
.DtrEnable = True
.RtsEnable = True
46
07645B DCN6853
®
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
4.5 Serial Commands for Communication with the Aethalometer
IMPORTANT NOTE: All commands finish with a Carriage Return [CR].
$AE33:Dnnn
nnn number of lines
Request nnn last
of data requested
measurements
$AE33:TyyyyMMddHHmmss yyyy
year
Synchronize time with
MM
month
the data-logger
dd
day
HH
hour (24)
mm
min
ss
second
Command: $AE33:D1[CR] will return one data line (i.e. 1 byte -> value = 13 so altogether there
should be 9 bytes). Please note these are all capital letters.
IMPORTANT: The command must be sent as a string, not as separate characters. When using
Hyper Terminal, send a text file with the command included:
1. When connecting with Hyper Terminal, set Handshaking to NONE.
2. In the Hyper Terminal Transfer drop-down menu, select SEND TXT FILE.
3. In the SEND TXT FILE screen, insert the text file and send.
Note: Hyper Terminal may experience problems when sending the string more than two
consecutive identical numbers (111, for example).
We recommend using FREE software Real Term which has extended functionality regarding
send options.
Example 1: $AE33:D120[CR] => 11 bytes; Output will be 120 lines of data.
Example 2: $AE33:T20120110120000[CR] will synchronize the time on the Aethalometer to
10 Jan 2012, noon.
07645B DCN6853
47
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
4.6 External Devices
Several external devices are supported for data-logging using the Aethalometer. Before use the
connection with the selected device should be enabled using “External device” button on the
Operation/Advanced tab. Select the device connected to the certain COM port and click
“Connect”. Aethalometer will try to connect to the device every few seconds. When connected
the status will go green.
Supported devices:
- AMES_TPR159 – dedicated ambient temperature + pressure + relative humidity sensor used
for flow reporting at ambient conditions
- Comet_T0310 – temperature sensor
- Vaisala_GMP343 – CO2 sensor
- TSI_4100 – mass flowmeter
- Remote_Access – the selected port is waiting for communication with the data-logger
48
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
4.7 Software upgrade
1. Take a high quality USB key (Kingston, for example) and copy the selected files in the
root directory:
- NK.bin - application software,
- ae33co502.hex, ae33de502.hex, ae33le502.hex, the three hex files (firmware).
2. Switch on the AE33 and stop measurement.
3. Insert the USB key into the front USB slot. Wait 10 seconds.
4. Go to "Operation/Advanced" menu and press the "Update" button.
5. Choose "Software" upgrade.
6. Wait until the Aethalometer finishes the upgrade.
7. Take the USB key out of the Aethalometer.
8. Restart the Aethalometer.
9. Switch on the AE33 and stop measurement.
10. Insert the USB key into the front USB slot. Wait 10 seconds.
11. Go to "Operation/Advanced" menu and press the "Update" button.
12. Choose "Firmware" upgrade.
13. Wait until the Aethalometer finishes the upgrade. This can take up to 10 min!
14. Take the USB key out of the Aethalometer.
15. Restart the Aethalometer.
16. Instrument will install the update during startup; it will automatically restart again.
17. Check the “Advanced” menu for the software application and firmware versions.
4.8 BC source apportionment
As described in Section 1.1.2, source apportionment of black carbon emissions in the Model 633 is
based on the Sandradewi et al. (2008) model, with optical absorption coefficient being a sum of
biomass burning and fossil fuel burning fractions. The model is based on the difference in
absorption coefficient wavelength dependency assuming that absorption due to from fossil fuel
and biomass emissions follow λ-1 and λ-2 spectral dependencies, respectively (Sandradewi 2008).
The exponents which describe the spectral dependence are called Ångström exponents: α ff=1 for
fossil fuel and αbb=2 biomass.
07645B DCN6853
49
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Settings
BC Source apportionment is switched on by selecting Home display/procBB setting on
Operation/Advanced tab.
Fine tune the algorithm by changing the value of Ångström exponents αff and αbb, from the
default values of αff=1 and αbb=2.
The calculated values are limited to the 0-100% range
Presentation
BC and portion of biomass burning (%) are displayed on the Home tab.
The percentage of BC created by biomass burning is stored in the field BB (%).
4.9 Screen saver
Screen saver settings (Operation/Advanced screen):
ON: Screen is always switched on
Saver: After 60 minutes without user interaction the screen saver is started – Instrument
status flag (Green = measurement, Yellow = warning status, Red = not measuring) is
displayed.
Auto OFF: After 60 minutes without user interaction screen is switched off. Instrument
operation is shown by LEDs on the right side of the screen.
Screen saver is switched off by touching the screen.
50
07645B DCN6853
5 MAINTENANCE and SERVICE
The Aethalometer needs to be maintained regularly. We recommend the following schedule
for regular maintenance.
Item
Frequency
Sample inlet flow
Monthly
Inspect the sample line tubing
Monthly
Inspect and clean the size selective inlet (if present)
Monthly
Clean cyclone
(Section 5.1 Cleaning the cyclone)
Weekly at first to
gauge debris
accumulation, then
adjust as needed.
Verify time and date
Monthly
(Time & Date in OPERATION>GENERAL page). IMPORTANT NOTE:
The instrument date/time is set by default to automatically update
according to Central European Daylight Savings Time. The update is
done at the first instrument power cycle following the time change.
Instrument power cycles are indicated in viewing the log files.
Inspect optical chamber, clean if necessary
Semi-annually
(Section 5.6 Cleaning the optical head)
Site dependent, use
educated judgment!
Check flow, calibrate if necessary
Semi-annually or as
needed.
(Section 5.2 Leak test).
(For calibration: Section 5.3 Automatic flow meter calibration
or Section 5.4 Manual flow meter calibration).
Change by-pass cartridge filter
(Section 5.7 Changing the bypass cartridge filter)
Install a new filter tape roll
(Section 3.4 Filter tape installation)
Calibrate tape sensor
(Section 5.8 Calibrating the tape sensor)
07645B DCN6853
Annually or as
needed.
As needed.
The instrument
issues a warning.
When measurement
chamber has been
removed/replaced.
51
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
5.1 Cleaning the cyclone
Remove the cyclone and disassemble (shown in the following instructions), cleaning the
various parts thoroughly. The recommended cleaning method is immersion in an ultrasonic
cleaner with water and mild soap. However, wiping with a water-dampened and lint-free cloth
is sufficient.
IMPORTANT: Protracted soaking in soap/caustic solutions will damage the
aluminum components.
Do not re-aerosolize hazardous materials when using compressed air
for cleaning.
Cyclone cleaning procedure:
1. Remove cyclone assembly from instrument.
2. Remove inlet cover.
52
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
3. Loosen the three set screws that hold the inlet
body in place.
4. Remove inlet body.
5. Remove dust cup.
6. Illustration shows inlet cover, inlet body and
dust cup removed.
07645B DCN6853
53
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
7. Remove allen cap screws from cyclone top.
8. Clean all parts and thoroughly dry; then
reassemble in reverse order.
5.2 Leak test
Always conduct a leak test prior to running a flow meter calibration, whether automatic
(section 5.2) or manual (section 5.3).
Leakage (ζ) is measured during instrument operation. It is calculated from the flow in (Fin)
and flow out (Fout).
ζ=1-(Fin/Fout)
Average leakage is 7% at 5 LPM. It can differ slightly from spot to spot and during the spot
loading.
54
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Flow measurement using a mass-flow meter (for example TSI4100)
1. Connect the flow meter to the input of the instrument.
2. Wait for a few seconds for the flow to stabilize and read the flow Fin.
3. Disconnect flowmeter from the input.
4. Connect the flow meter to the output of the instrument by a long tube (10 m) to reduce
the oscillations, which can influence the flow measurements.
5. Take a Fout reading.
IMPORTANT!
If you use a volumetric flow meter take into account the difference in air pressure and
temperature between the flow in and flow out (use the ideal gas law equation).
Report
Aethalometer
Flowmeter Date
Fin (LPM)
Fout (LPM)
ζ (%)
TSI4100
4.67
5.01
6.8
SN
AE33-S00-0054
15.1.2013
5.3 Automatic flow meter calibration
First, ensure that a leak test is completed (Section 5.1) prior to running this calibration
procedure. For the automatic calibration a TSI4100 flow meter, data cable and the flow
calibration pad are needed.
Before calibration check TSI4100 flow meter settings:
07645B DCN6853
55
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Automatic flow calibration procedure
1. Stop measurements in the
OPERATION >GENERAL menu (press
Stop button).
2. In the OPERATION>ADVANCED menu
press FLOWCAL.
3. Press AUTO to start auto Flow meter
calibration.
56
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Automatic flow calibration procedure
4. Wait for the measurement chamber to
move to the up position.
5. Once chamber is lifted, remove tape and
insert the flow calibration pad.
6. Press OK when finished.
You will be prompted to wait for
chamber to move back to home
position, and then to make flowmeter
and cable connections
07645B DCN6853
57
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Automatic flow calibration procedure
7. Connect the flow meter to the inlet of
the Aethalometer, note the orientation!
Connect the data cable to the serial
connector on the back of the
Aethalometer, then press OK.
8. Once you’ve pressed OK to start the
flow calibration, wait for it to finish,
and press OK when prompted.
The display continues with prompts for
completing the procedure, i.e., wait for
chamber to lift, remove flow pad, return
tape, wait for chamber to return to home
position, etc., until the entire procedure is
complete.
58
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Automatic flow calibration procedure
After completion of automatic (or manual)
flow calibration and the instrument is
returned to operation mode, note that the
intake flow reported from a flow meter
does not match the reported flow on the
front panel of the 633. This is normal due
to leakage around the filter tape as
discussed in Section 5.2. The difference in
flow may be from 4 – 7% and the 633
compensates for this difference during the
BC calculation.
5.4 Manual flow meter calibration
First, ensure that a leak test is completed (Section 5.1) prior to running this calibration
procedure. For the manual calibration a flow meter, data cable and the flow calibration pad are
needed. Please note flow measurements are in Milliliters, and maximum flow rate should be
no greater than 5 LPM (5,000 milliliters).
Manual flow calibration procedure
1. STOP measurements in the
OPERATION>GENERAL
menu.
07645B DCN6853
59
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Manual flow calibration procedure
2. In the
OPERATION>ADVANCED
menu press FLOWCAL.
3. Select MANUAL to start the
manual flow calibration.
4. Wait for the measurement
chamber to move to the up
position.
60
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Manual flow calibration procedure
5. Remove tape and insert the
flow calibration pad (note
the orientation of the flow
pad is critical), and press
OK and wait for the
chamber to return to home
position.
6. Connect the flow meter to
the inlet of the
Aethalometer (note the
orientation of the flow
meter), then press OK.
07645B DCN6853
61
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Manual flow calibration procedure
7. Wait for the pump to run
for several seconds to
achieve a stable flow.
8. In the display’s blank
FLOW field enter the flow
value from your flow meter
measured in or converted
to milliliters (this will be
approximately 900) tap
screen in Flow field, used
screen keyboard to enter
numbers and click Enter.
Also enter the EPA
standard temp and
pressure of 25 C and 1
atmosphere or 101325 Pa
and select OK.
62
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Manual flow calibration procedure
9. Wait for the pump to run
for several seconds to
achieve a stable flow.
10. In the display’s blank
FLOW field enter the flow
value from your flow-meter
measured in or converted
to milliliters (this will be
approximately 3000; do
NOT change the pressure
or temperature settings),
and select OK.
11. Wait for the pump to run
for several seconds to
achieve a stable flow.
12. In the display’s blank
FLOW field enter the flow
value from your flow-meter
measured in or converted
to milliliters (this will be
approximately 5000; do
NOT change the pressure
or temperature settings),
and select OK.
07645B DCN6853
63
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Manual flow calibration procedure
13. The screen displays a
message, “Wait for
calibration to finish”, and
then displays notice when
the calibration is finished
and prompts user to wait
for next steps.
14. Remove the flow
calibration pad, reinsert
and tighten tape, and press
OK, and wait for the
chamber to return to home
position.
After completion of manual (or automatic) flow calibration and the instrument is returned
to operation mode, note that the intake flow reported from a flow meter does not match
the reported flow on the front panel of the 633. This is normal due to leakage around the
filter tape as discussed in Section 5.2. The difference in flow may be from 4 – 7% and the
633 compensates for this difference during the BC calculation.
There will be some faults present on the unit after the flow calibration is complete. To
remove the faults, power down the instrument with both the front and back power
switches, and then re-start and allow it to cycle through the self-test.
The manual flow calibration is now complete.
To resume taking measurements, go to the OPERATION>GENERAL tab and press Start.
64
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
5.5 Manual stability test
Stability test is conducted without flow to determine the performance of the light source –
detector pair. In the Operation/General tab select the desired timebase and click “Stability”
button to start the test. Stability test is marked by status 1024. During the test BC values will
be calculated assuming there is 5 LPM air flow. Manually stop the test when the desired test
duration is complete.
Interpretation of the results:
- Average BC values should be close to zero if the Aethalometer is warmed up (was
measuring for a few hours just before conducting the test).
- Point to point variation of BC (PPBC) is calculated as an average absolute difference
between the consecutive BC measurements. It depends on the timebase, tested channel
and spot. For example at 1 s timebase PPBC61 = approx. 400 ng/m3.
5.5 Manual clean air test
Clean air test is conducted using the built-in filter to determine the performance of
Aethalometer under the standard flow condition. In the Operation/General tab select the
desired timebase and flow, then click “Clean air” button to start the test. Clean air test is
marked by status 2048. Manually stop the test when the desired test duration is complete.
Interpretation of the results:
- Average BC values should be close to zero if the Aethalometer is warmed up (was
measuring for a few hours just before conducting the test). It is possible to observe a
short transient due to filter compression.
- Point to point variation of BC (PPBC) is calculated as an average absolute difference
between the consecutive BC measurements. It depends on the selected timebase, flow
and tested channel. For example PPBC61 = approx. 500 ng/m3 at 5 LPM and 1 s
timebase.
07645B DCN6853
65
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
5.6 Cleaning the optical head
Optical head cleaning procedure:
1. STOP measurements in the
OPERATION>GENERAL menu.
2. Manually lift the chamber
(pressing down the retention
pin at top, front, center).
3. Locate the release button.
66
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Optical head cleaning procedure:
4. While pressing the release
button upward, grasp optical
head and turn to loosen and
remove.
5. Use compressed air (AVOID
spraying liquid) or to remove
dust/debris from the optical
head surfaces and platform.
Optical head top.
Optical head platform
07645B DCN6853
67
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Optical head cleaning procedure:
6. Alternatively, use a cotton swab.
Ensure to clean both top and
bottom of optical head.
Optical head bottom.
7. Return the optical head: first
align the notched marker.
8. Insert and turn to secure in
place.
68
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Optical head cleaning procedure:
5.7 Changing the bypass cartridge filter
Bypass filter changing procedure:
1. Open instrument door to access
bypass cartridge filter.
2. Hold down bottom fitting on one
side while pulling up on cartridge
fitting.
07645B DCN6853
69
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
Bypass filter changing procedure:
3. Repeat on other side.
4. Remove cartridge.
5. Gently wedge small, flat tool
between fitting and cartridge.
6. Carefully pry fittings from both ends
of cartridge, and dispose of used
cartridge in accordance with local
regulations.
70
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Bypass filter changing procedure:
8. Securely slide fittings onto ends of
new cartridge.
9. Place new cartridge on chamber
optical head, ensuring that the
arrow printed on the filter points to
right.
10. Changing the bypass cartridge filter
is now complete.
07645B DCN6853
71
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
5.8 Calibrating the tape sensor
Tape sensor calibration is performed at the factory and should only be conducted when
removing the Measurement chamber from/to the Aethalometer. This procedure requires
special calibration cylinders: the small cylinder has diameter of 39 mm; the large cylinder has
a diameter of 102 mm.
(NOTE: It is essential to secure the calibration cylinders with the tape retention disks during
calibration).
Tape sensor calibration procedure:
1. In the Operation / General
menu press Stop to stop
measurements, then carefully
remove the sampling tape.
(Refer to Section 3.4 Filter tape
installation).
At this point, remove the tape as instructed in the Change Tape Procedure, then continue as follows:
2. In the Operation / Advanced
menu press “TapeSenAdj”
72
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Tape sensor calibration procedure:
3. The Tape Sensors
Adjustment screen
prompts to place the
small tapeholder
[cylinder] on left and
large on right, then
press OK. Secure
with tape retention
disks (not shown in
illustration) before
pressing OK!
4. The next prompt is
to switch the
tapeholders
[cylinder], then
press OK. Secure
with tape retention
disks (not shown in
illustration) before
pressing OK!
5. Last screen shows
that the adjustment
is complete.
6. After you’ve pressed
either OK or Cancel,
return the sampling
tape per the
applicable steps in
Section 3.4 Filter
tape installation).
07645B DCN6853
73
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
5.9 Flow verification
Flow verification is used to check whether internal flow-meters need calibration. No instrument
settings are changed during this procedure; it does require that the tape be removed and a filter pad
inserted as in Flow Calibration in Section 5.
Equipment required
flow calibration pad (notch should be oriented to front of instrument when inserted)
external flow meter
o the Auto procedure specifically requires the TSI 4100 Series with serial connection
o the Manual procedure allows any flow meter and does not use communications
Flow verification start
1
2
1. In the Operation>General screen, select the “Stop” button.
2. On the same screen, select “the “Verify flow” button.
3. In the FLOW VERIFICATION PROCEDURE screen, select either Auto (see Auto flow
verification section next) or Manual (see Manual flow verification section below).
Auto flow verification
Tap the Auto button and follow each prompt as displayed on the screen. As in the Automatic flow
calibration procedure in Section 5, the chamber moves to the up position, waits for an “OK” after
the tape is removed and the flow calibration pad is inserted, and returns to the home position.
The screen then prompts for the “TS4100 flowmeter” and serial cable connections, begins the
verification procedure once the “OK” button is selected, and last, displays a report comparing its
own readings to the flow meter readings (see Results section below).
74
07645B DCN6853
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Manual flow verification
Tap the Manual button and follow each prompt as displayed on the screen. As in the Manual flow
calibration procedure in section 5, the chamber moves to the up position, waits for an “OK” after
the tape is removed and the flow calibration pad is inserted, and returns to the home position.
The screen then prompts for an “external flowmeter” connection and prompts for flow values. Wait
for the external flow meter to reach stability (the reading may bounce within a range; use the midpoint as the flow).
1. Tap the screen in the Flow field.
2. Tap the screen keypad to enter the flow value displayed on the external meter; then tap the
Enter button on that screen. The screen returns to the previous display, now showing the
value entered.
3. Tap the OK button.
The prompt to enter flow values will be repeated once.
When the flow verification is complete, a report is displayed on the screen (see Results section
below).
Results
When the procedure is finished, the screen displays a table with measured flows, reported at the
flow reporting standard selected for the instrument. If measured flows differ for more than 10 % you
need to recalibrate the flow (Section 5.4).
5.10 Neutral Density (ND) filter test
The ND filter test is an optical test to monitor changes of the optical system’s sensitivity. This test
measures optical attenuation of 4 different neutral density filters. The slope of the linear fit between
measured attenuations versus default attenuation is a measure of sensitivity: if the slope differs more
than 10% from unity, the test fails.
Equipment required
ND filter set, serial-numbered AE-33-ND-xxxx, which includes:
four custom filters, numbered 0 through 3
one USB flash drive with a calibration file (CF) for the filter set
07645B DCN6853
75
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
ND filter test start
1
2
1. In the Operation>General screen, tap the “Stop” button.
2. Tap the “ND test” button.
3. In the next screen, tap the field labeled “Filterset serial number” (the serial number is located
on the filter set box front); this brings up the next screen showing a keypad.
4. Tap the numbers corresponding to the last four digits of the filter set serial number; then tap
Enter. The instrument searches its calibration file (CF) card for the filter set’s unique CF.
If the CF is not already copied onto the instrument’s CF card (i.e., this is the first time
using the filter set), the OPTICAL TEST screen prompts for the USB flash drive from
which to copy, before it moves to the next screen. Insert the flash drive into the USB port
on the front of the instrument, and follow the instructions on screen.
If the CF is found on the instrument’s CF card (i.e., this filter test is subsequent to the
initial ND filter test), the testing process will move forward.
5. Follow the prompts to insert each filter (IMPORTANT NOTE: the filter tape must remain in
place when the ND filter is inserted), ensuring the notch in the filter is oriented toward the
front of the instrument.
For each filter, the instrument advances the tape and runs the optical test.
Results
At the end of the test, the results are displayed on the screen. Measurement results and slopes are
also reported in the Aethalometer log file.
If the test results fail, check the ND filter for dirt or damage, carefully clean and retry the test. If
passing results cannot be obtained, contact Teledyne API Technical Support.
76
07645B DCN6853
6 TECHNICAL SUPPORT and CONTACT INFORMATION
If this manual and its troubleshooting & service section do not solve your problems, technical
assistance may be obtained from:
Teledyne API, Technical Support
9480 Carroll Park Drive
San Diego, California 92121-5201USA
Toll-free Phone:
800-324-5190
Phone:
858-657-9800
Fax:
858-657-9816
Email:
Website:
07645B DCN6853
[email protected]
http://www.teledyne-api.com/
77
®
Model 633 Aethalometer Black Carbon Monitor User Manual
Teledyne Advanced Pollution Instrumentation
This page intentionally left blank.
78
07645B DCN6853
7 SPARE PARTS LIST
Following is a list of spare parts available for order through the Sales Department:
DU0000146
Filter Tape for 633
DU0000196
Flow calibration pad
TU0000034
Static dissipative inlet tubing (8-ft)
DU0000148
PM2.5 inlet at 5-lpm
KIT0000400
Inlet mounting kit
WR0000008
Power Cord
WR0000101
RS-232 Cable (6-ft)
WR0000258
RS-232 Null Modem adapter
FT0000338
3/8”-1/4” NPTF Reducer
07645B DCN6853
79
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement