Mini AP Router User Guide - Edge-Core

Mini AP Router User Guide - Edge-Core
Mini AP Router
User Guide
July 2007
Pub. # 149100040100E
E072007-EK-R01
Information furnished by SMC Networks, Inc. (SMC) is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by SMC for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of SMC.
SMC reserves the right to change specifications at any time without notice.
Copyright © 2007 by
SMC Networks, Inc.
20 Mason
Irvine, CA 92618
All rights reserved. Printed in Taiwan
Compliances
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with a minimum distance
of 20 centimeters (8 inches) between the radiator and your body. This transmitter must
not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
The antenna(s) used for this transmitter must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
IEEE 802.11b or 802.11g operation of this product in the U.S.A. is firmware-limited to
channels 1 through 11.
Canada RSS Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canada RSS-210.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme CNR-210 du Canada.
i
Japan VCCI Class B
Taiwan DGT (NCC)
根據交通部低功率管理辦法規定:
第十二條 經型式認證合格之低功率射頻電機,非經許可,公司、商號或使用者均不得擅
自變更頻率、加大功率或變更原設計之特性及功能。
第十四條 低功率射頻電機之使用不得影響飛航安全及干擾合法通信;經發現有干擾現象
時,應立即停用,並改善至無干擾時方得繼續使用。前項合法通信,指依電信
法規定作業之無線電通信。低功率射頻電機須忍受合法通信或工業、科學及醫
療用電波輻射性電機設備之干擾。
EC Conformance Declaration
Marking by the above symbol indicates compliance with the Essential Requirements of
the R&TTE Directive of the European Union (1999/5/EC). This equipment meets the
following conformance standards:
•
•
•
•
EN 60950-1 (IEC 60950-1) - Product Safety
EN 300 328 - Technical requirements for 2.4 GHz radio equipment
EN 301 489-1, EN 301 489-17 - EMC requirements for radio equipment
EN 50385 - The Compliance of Radio Base Stations and Fixed Terminal Stations for
Wireless Telecommunication Systems with the Basic Restrictions or the Reference
Levels Related to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (110
MHz - 40 GHz)
This device is intended for use in the following European Community countries:
• Austria
• Belgium
• Denmark
• Finland
• France
• Germany
• Italy
• Luxembourg
• Netherlands
• Norway
• Spain
• Sweden
• Switzerland
• United Kingdom
• Portugal
• Greece
• Ireland
• Iceland
Requirements for indoor vs. outdoor operation, license requirements and allowed
channels of operation apply in some countries as described below:
• In Italy the end-user must apply for a license from the national spectrum authority to
operate this device outdoors.
• In Belgium outdoor operation is only permitted using the 2.46 - 2.4835 GHz band:
Channel 13.
• In France outdoor operation is only permitted using the 2.4 - 2.454 GHz band: Channels
1 - 7.
ii
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction
Package Checklist
Hardware Description
LED Indicators
Ethernet RJ-45 Ports
Power Socket
Reset Button
WPS SET Button
Chapter 2: Installation
Router Mode
Bridge Mode
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
2-1
2-1
2-2
Chapter 3: Network Planning
3-1
Internet Gateway Router
LAN Access Point
Wireless Client
Wireless Bridge
3-1
3-2
3-2
3-3
Chapter 4: Initial Configuration
4-1
Logging into the Web Interface
Using the Setup Wizard
4-2
4-3
Chapter 5: System Configuration
5-1
System
Settings
Password
Backup and Restore
Syslog Settings
Firmware Upgrade
WAN
WAN Settings
LAN
LAN Settings
Wireless1
5-3
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-8
5-8
5-10
5-10
5-12
Contents
Wireless-VAP1 Settings
MAC Filter Settings
Wireless2
Wireless-VAP2 Settings
WPS
WPS Settings
WDS Repeater
Repeater Settings
QoS
QoS Settings
DMZ
DynDNS Settings
Status
System
Interfaces
Events Log
DHCP Clients
PPPoE
WLAN Stations
About
Reboot
5-12
5-17
5-18
5-18
5-19
5-19
5-20
5-20
5-22
5-22
5-24
5-25
5-26
5-26
5-27
5-28
5-29
5-29
5-30
5-30
5-31
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
A-1
Appendix B: Specifications
B-1
Appendix C: License Information
C-1
The GNU General Public License
Glossary
C-1
Chapter 1: Introduction
The Mini AP Router is an IEEE 802.11b/g wireless gateway router that connects your
Internet access device (cable or ADSL modem) to your PC or local area network, or to
its own secure wireless network.
The Mini AP Router can be automatically configured with other Wi-Fi Protected
Setup (WPS) devices by simply pressing its WPS SET button. For more detailed
configuration, the unit can also be set up through its easy-to-use web interface.
Package Checklist
The Mini AP Router package includes:
• Mini AP Router (SMCWBR11-G)
• RJ-45 Category 5 network cable
• AC power adapter
• Quick Installation Guide
• User Guide CD
Inform your dealer if there are any incorrect, missing or damaged parts. If possible,
retain the carton, including the original packing materials. Use them again to repack
the product in case there is a need to return it.
1-1
1
Introduction
Hardware Description
Power
Socket
Top Panel
WPS SET Button
Bottom Panel
Wall Mount Slots
Reset Button
1-2
Ethernet WAN
RJ-45 Port
Ethernet LAN
RJ-45 Port
Antenna
1
Hardware Description
LED Indicators
The Mini AP Router includes four status LED indicators, as described in the following
figure and table.
802.11b/g Link/
Activity
LAN Link/Activity
WAN Link/Activity
Power
LED
Status
Description
POWER
On Green
Indicates that the system is working normally.
WAN
On/Flashing Green
Indicates a valid link on the WAN Ethernet port. Flashing indicates
network activity.
Off
The Ethernet port has no valid link.
On/Flashing Green
Indicates a valid link on the LAN Ethernet port. Flashing indicates
network activity.
Off
The Ethernet port has no valid link.
On/Flashing Green
Indicates the 802.11b/g radio is enabled. Flashing indicates
wireless network activity.
Off
Indicates the 802.11b/g radio is disabled.
LAN
WLAN
Ethernet RJ-45 Ports
The Mini AP Router has the following RJ-45 ports:
• The RJ-45 LAN port is for connection to a PC or to a 10/100 Mbps.
• The RJ-45 WAN port is for connection to a DSL or cable modem, or to a LAN or
other device that provides your Internet access.
Both ports auto-negotiate the operating speed to 10/100 Mbps, the mode to half/full
duplex, and the pin signals to MDI/MDI-X. Automatic MDI/MDI-X support enables
you to use straight-through cables for all network connections to PCs, switches, or
hubs.
1-3
1
Introduction
Power Socket
The Mini AP Router does not have a power switch. It is powered on when connected
to the AC power adapter, and the power adapter is connected to a power source.
The power adapter automatically adjusts to any voltage between 100-240 volts at 50
or 60 Hz. No voltage range settings are required.
Reset Button
The Reset button can be used to restart the Mini AP Router or restore the factory
default configuration. If you press the button for less than 5 seconds, the Mini AP
Router will restart. If you press and hold down the button for 5 seconds or more, any
configuration changes you may have made are removed and the Mini AP Router is
restored to its factory default configuration.
WPS SET Button
Use the WPS SET button on the Mini AP Router to automatically connect multiple
devices to the network. Within two minutes, press the physical or virtual button on
wireless client devices to enable them to join the WLAN.
The WPS configuration process may be initiated on any device and there is no
restriction to the order in which buttons are pressed.
Note: Any WPS-compatible devices could unintentionally join the WLAN if they are
within range during the two-minute set up period after the WPS SET button is
pressed.
1-4
Chapter 2: Installation
The Mini AP Router has two basic operating modes that can be set through the web
management interface:
• Router Mode — Normal gateway mode that connects a wired LAN and wireless
clients to an Internet access device, such as a cable or DSL modem. This is the
factory set default mode.
• Bridge Mode — An access point mode that extends a wired LAN to wireless
clients.
In addition to these basic operating modes, each wireless interface supports a
WIreless Distribution System (WDS) link to another Mini AP Router, and a wireless
client mode. These advanced configurations are not described in this section. See
“Network Planning” on page 3-1 for more information.
In a basic configuration, how the Mini AP Router is connected depends on the
operating mode. The following sections describe connections for basic Router Mode
and Bridge Mode operation.
Router Mode
In its default Router Mode, the Mini AP Router forwards traffic between an Internet
connected cable or ADSL modem, and wired or wireless PCs or notebooks. The
basic connections are illustrated in the figure below.
up
4 Set
wireless
devices
Notebook PC
2 Connect
LAN port
to PC
3 Connect
AC power
adapter to
power source
Notebook PC
1 Connect
WAN port
to Cable/DSL
modem
Cable/DSL Modem
Internet
2-1
2
Installation
To connect the Mini AP Router in Router Mode for use as an Internet gateway, follow
these steps:
1.
Connect an Ethernet cable from the Mini AP Router’s WAN port to your Internet
connected cable or ADSL modem.
2.
Connect an Ethernet cable from the Mini AP Router’s LAN port to your PC.
Alternatively, you can connect to a workgroup switch to support multiple users.
The Mini AP Router can support up to 253 wired or wireless users.
3.
Power on the Mini AP Router by connecting the AC power adapter and
plugging it into a power source.
When you power on the Mini AP Router, verify that the Power LED turns on and
that the other LED indicators start functioning as described under “LED
Indicators” on page 1-3.
4.
Set up wireless devices by pressing the WPS Set button on the Mini AP Router
or by using the web interface. See “Initial Configuration” on page 4-1 for more
information on accessing the web interface.
Caution: Use ONLY the power adapter supplied with the Mini AP Router. Otherwise, the
product may be damaged.
Bridge Mode
In Bridge Mode, the Mini AP Router operates as a wireless access point, extending
a local wired network to associated wireless clients (PCs or notebooks with wireless
capability). From any nearby location, you can then make a wireless connection to
the Mini AP Router and access the wired network resources, including local servers
and the Internet.
In Bridge Mode, the Mini AP Router does not support gateway functions on its WAN
port. Both the LAN port and the WAN ports can be connected to a local Ethernet
LAN.
Note:
Bridge Mode is not the factory default mode and must be manually set using the
web management interface.
Note:
The WDS Repeater feature on the web-based management interface functions
the same deployment as the Wireless Bridge. The configuration can be
automatically set by enabling the WDS Repeater. For more detail, please
refer to the WDS Repeater section on page 5-20.
2-2
Bridge Mode
2
up
3 Set
wireless
devices
Notebook PC
Notebook PC
LAN and WAN
1 Connect
ports to Ethernet LAN
switch or PCs
2 Connect
AC power
adapter to
power source
LAN Switch
Server
Desktop PCs
To connect the Mini AP Router for use as an access point, follow these steps:
1.
Connect an Ethernet cable from the Mini AP Router’s LAN or WAN port to your
local network switch.
2.
Power on the Mini AP Router by connecting the AC power adapter and
plugging it into a power source.
When you power on the Mini AP Router, verify that the Power LED turns on and
that the other LED indicators start functioning as described under “LED
Indicators” on page 1-3.
3.
Set up wireless devices by pressing the WPS Set button on the Mini AP Router
or by using the web interface. See “Initial Configuration” on page 4-1 for more
information on accessing the web interface.
Caution: Use ONLY the power adapter supplied with the Mini AP Router. Otherwise, the
product may be damaged.
2-3
2
2-4
Installation
Chapter 3: Network Planning
The Mini AP Router is designed to be very flexible in its deployment options. It can
be used as an Internet gateway for a small network, or as an access point to extend
an existing wired network to support wireless users. It also supports use as a
wireless client to connect to another wireless network, or a wireless bridge to
connect two wired LANs.
This chapter explains some of the basic features of the Mini AP Router and shows
some network topology examples in which the device is implemented.
Internet Gateway Router
The Mini AP Router can connect directly to a cable or DSL modem to provide an
Internet connection for multiple users through a single service provider account.
Users connect to the Mini AP Router either through a wired connection to the LAN
port, or though the device’s own wireless network. The Mini AP Router functions as
an Internet gateway when set to Router Mode.
An Internet gateway employs serveral functions that essentially creates two
separate Internet Protocol (IP) subnetworks; a private internal network with wired
and wireless users and a public external network that connects to the Internet.
Network traffic is forwarded, or routed, between the two subnetworks.
The private local network, connected to the LAN port or wireless interface, provides
a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server for allocating IP addresses to
local PCs and wireless clients, and Network Address Translation (NAT) for mapping
the multiple "internal" IP addresses to one "external" IP address.
3-1
3
Network Planning
The public external network, connected to the WAN port, supports DHCP client and
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) for connection to an Internet service
provider (ISP) through a cable or DSL modem:
LAN Access Point
The Mini AP Router can provide an access point service for an existing wired LAN,
creating a wireless extension to the local network. The Mini AP Router functions as
purely an access point when set to Bridge Mode. When used in this mode, there are
no gateway functions between the WAN port and the LAN and wireless interface.
A Wi-Fi wireless network is defined by its Service Set Identifier (SSID) or network
name. Wireless clients that want to connect to a network must set their SSID to the
same SSID of the network service. The Mini AP Router supports two separate
wireless interfaces, that is two SSIDs or Virtual Access Points (VAPs). The two VAP
interfaces can be configured separately to support different security settings or other
wireless functions.
Wireless Client
The Mini AP Router can operate as a wireless client on one VAP interface, which
enables a connection to another wireless network.
The wireless client option requires the unit to be set to Router Mode. When the
wireless client option is enabled, the client VAP interface functions as the external
gateway interface instead of the WAN port. The other VAP interface, LAN port, and
WAN port all function as the local network within the same IP subnet.
3-2
Wireless Bridge
3
Wireless Bridge
The IEEE 802.11 standard defines a WIreless Distribution System (WDS) for bridge
connections between access points. The Mini AP Router can use WDS to forward
traffic on links between units.
A single WDS bridge link can be specified for each VAP interface. One end of a link
must be configured as the “WDS Parent” and the other as the “WDS Child.” A VAP
interface can be configured as a WDS Parent when the Mini AP Router is set to
either Router Mode or Bridge Mode, but to be configured to WDS child the unit must
be set to Bridge Mode.
3-3
Chapter 4: Initial Configuration
The Mini AP Router offers a user-friendly web-based management interface for the
configuration of all the unit’s features. Any PC directly attached to the unit can
access the management interface using a web browser, such as Internet Explorer
(version 6.0 or above).
The initial configuration steps can be made through the web browser interface using
the Setup Wizard. It is recommended to make the initial changes by connecting a
PC directly to the Mini AP Router before installing it in its intended location. The Mini
AP Router has a default IP address of 192.168.2.1 and a subnet mask of
255.255.255.0. If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP address automatically" (that is, set
as a DHCP client), you can connect immediately to the web interface. Otherwise,
you must set your PC IP address to be on the same subnet as the Mini AP Router
(that is, the PC and Mini AP Router addresses must both start 192.168.2.x).
4-1
4
Initial Configuration
Logging into the Web Interface
In the web browser’s address bar, type the default IP address: http://192.168.2.1.
The web browser displays the home page.
The default Username is “root” with a default Password of “smcadmin.” Click OK to
access the web management interface.
Note: It is strongly recommended that you change the default user name and password.
If the default values are not changed, the management interface is not protected
and anyone that can connect to the access point may be able to compromise your
network security.
Figure 4-1. Login Page
4-2
Using the Setup Wizard
4
Using the Setup Wizard
There are only a few basic steps you need to set up the Mini AP Router and provide
a connection for network access for other wireless stations.
The Setup Wizard takes you through configuration procedures for the general
network settings, such as IP configuration, wireless network name (Service Set
Identifier), and wireless security. Follow these steps:
1.
Launch the Setup Wizard – Click “Start with Setup Wizard” on the home page.
Figure 4-2. Home Page
Note: If you want to change the web interface language, select the display language
from the pull-down menu.
4-3
4
Initial Configuration
WAN Configuration – There are three basic methods for configuring the
access point’s WAN port IP address.
2.
Figure 4-3. Setup Wizard - WAN Configuration
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• DHCP – Enables the Mini AP Router to automatically obtain an IP address from a
DHCP server normally operated by the Internet Service Provider (ISP).
- MAC Address: Some ISPs limit Internet connections to a specified MAC
address of one PC. This setting allows you to manually change the MAC
address of the Mini AP Router's WAN interface to match the PC's MAC address
provided to your ISP for registration. You can enter the registered MAC address
manually by typing it in the boxes provided. Otherwise, connect only the PC with
the registered MAC address to the Mini AP Router, then click the Clone MAC
Address of PC button.
Note: If you are unsure of the PC MAC address originally registered by your ISP, call
your ISP and request to register a new MAC address for your account. Register
the default MAC address of the Mini AP Router.
- Host Name: Set the Host Name if specified by the ISP.
• Static IP – Select configuration for a fixed IP address xDSL Internet connection.
- WAN IP Address: The IP address of the Mini AP Router. Valid IP addresses
consist of four decimal numbers, 0 to 255, separated by periods.
- Subnet Mask: The mask that identifies the host address bits used for routing to
specific subnets.
- Default Gateway – The IP address of the gateway router that is used if the
requested destination address is not on the local subnet.
- WAN DNS Server – The IP address of a Domain Name Server. A DNS maps
numerical IP addresses to domain names and can be used to identify network
hosts by familiar names instead of the IP addresses.
4-4
4
Using the Setup Wizard
• PPPoE – Enable the Mini AP Router IP address to be assigned automatically from
an Internet service provider (ISP) through an ADSL modem using PPPoE.
- Username: If your ISP has provided you with a PPPoE user name, enter it in the
corresponding text box.
- Password: If your ISP has provided you with a PPPoE password, enter it in the
corresponding text box.
3.
Wireless 1 Configuration — Sets the wireless Service Set Identifier (SSID)
and wireless security encryption key for the VAP1 wireless network.
Figure 4-4. Setup Wizard - Wireless 1 Configuration
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
Wireless Configuration — Enables radio communications for the VAP interface.
(Default: Enabled)
Encryption Settings — Configures the encryption used by the VAP interface.
• WEP – Enables the Mini AP Router to use WEP shared keys. If enabled, you must
configure at least one key for the VAP interface and all its clients.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) provides a basic level of security, preventing
unauthorized access to the network and encrypting data transmitted between
wireless clients and the Mini AP Router. WEP uses static shared keys
(fixed-length hexadecimal or alphanumeric strings) that are manually
distributed to all clients that want to use the network.
- Authentication Mode – The two basic methods of authentication supported for
802.11 wireless networks are “open system” and “shared key.” Open-system
authentication accepts any client attempting to connect to the access point
without verifying its identity. The shared-key approach uses Wired Equivalent
Privacy (WEP) to verify client identity by distributing a shared key to clients
before attempting authentication.
4-5
4
Initial Configuration
- Default Key – Sets WEP key values. At least one key must be specified. Each
WEP key has an index number. The selected default key is used for
authentication and encryption on the VAP interface. Enter key values that match
the key type and length settings. Standard keys are either 5 or 13 alpanumeric
characters; or 10 or 26 hexadecimal digits.
Figure 4-5. Encryption Settings - WEP Mode
• WPA(PSK) or WPA / WPA2(PSK)– Enable WPA(PSK) or WPA / WPA2(PSK)
security on the VAP interface.
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) employs a combination of technologies to
provide an enhanced security solution for wireless networks. The WPA
Pre-shared Key (WPA-PSK) mode for small networks uses a common
password phrase that must be manually distributed to all clients that want to
connect to the network. WPA / WPA2(PSK) security on the VAP interface.
WPA2 is a futher security enhancement that includes the now ratified IEEE
802.11i wireless security standard.
- Pre-Shared Key: Enter a key as an easy-to-remember form of letters and
numbers. The key must be from 8 to 64 characters, which can include spaces.
All wireless clients must be configured with the same key to communicate with
the VAP interface.
- Confirm Pre-Shared Key: Enter the key for verification.
Figure 4-6. Encryption Settings - WPA(PSK) Mode
• WPA(RADIUS) or WPA / WPA2(RADIUS) – Enables WPA(RADIUS) or WPA /
WPA2(RADIUS) security on the VAP interface.
Remote Authentication Dial-in User Service (RADIUS) is an authentication
protocol that uses software running on a central server to control access to
RADIUS-aware devices on the network. An authentication server contains a
database of user credentials for each user that requires access to the network.
4-6
Using the Setup Wizard
4
A RADIUS server must be specified for the Mini AP Router to implement IEEE
802.1X network access control and Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) wireless
security.
Figure 4-7. Encryption Settings - WPA(RADIUS) Mode
4.
Setting Finish — Click Finish button to save the configurations and leave
Setup Wizard.
Figure 4-8. Setup Wizard - Setting Finish
4-7
4
4-8
Initial Configuration
Chapter 5: System Configuration
The Mini AP Router’s basic settings can be configured using the Setup Wizard, as
described in the previous chapter, “Initial Configuration.” However, for some
installations, you may need to configure specific settings that are not available in the
Setup Wizard. The Advanced Setup menu provides access to all the unit’s settings
for complete control of the Mini AP Router’s features.
To access the Advanced Setup menus, follow these steps:
1.
Use your web browser to connect to the management interface using the
default IP address of 192.168.2.1 or the IP address set through the Wizard.
Note: If you want to change the web interface language, select the display language
from the pull-down menu.
2.
Log into the Mini AP Router management interface by entering the default
Username “root” with the default Password of “smcadmin”, or the use name
and password that you have set.
3.
When the home page displays, click on Start with Advanced Setup.
Figure 5-1. Home Page
The information in this chapter is organized to reflect the structure of the web
management screens for easy reference.
5-1
5
System Configuration
The Advanced Setup pages include the options in the table below. For details on
configuration for each feature, see the corresponding page number.
Table 5-1. Configuration Options
Menu
Description
System
Settings
Page
5-3
Configures basic administrative settings
5-3
Password
Configures the password for management access
5-4
Backup & Restore
Backups and restores the configuration data
5-5
Syslog Settings
Configures the settings for syslog messages
5-6
Upgrade
Upgrades system software from a local file
5-7
WAN
WAN Settings
5-8
Configures IP Settings for the wide area network
LAN
LAN Settings
5-8
5-10
Sets the unit’s IP address and configures the DHCP server for the
local network
Wireless1
5-10
5-12
Wireless-VAP1 Settings
Enables the VAP1 interfaces and configures the settings
5-12
MAC Filter Setting
Configures client MAC address filters
5-17
Wireless2
Wireless-VAP2 Settings
5-18
Enables the VAP2 interfaces and configures the settings
5-18
Configures Wi-Fi Protected Setup
5-19
WPS
WPS Settings
5-19
WDS-Repeater
Repeater Settings
5-20
Configures wireless repeater settings
QoS
QoS Settings
5-22
Enables the QoS service and sets traffic prioritization
DMZ
DMZ Settings
5-22
5-24
Enables the DMZ service and sets the virtual DMZ host
DynDNS
Dynamic DNS
5-20
5-24
5-25
Specifies a dynamic DNS service to use
Status
5-25
5-24
System
Displays the current system status
5-26
Interfaces
Displays the current interfaces status
5-27
Events Log
Displays the system message log
5-28
5-2
5
System
Table 5-1. Configuration Options
Menu
Description
Page
DHCP Clients
Displays the DHCP client settins
5-29
PPPoE
Displays the PPPoE settings
5-29
WLAN Stations
Displays the wireless station status
5-30
About
Displays the software information
5-30
Reboot
5-31
System
The system pages allow you to manage basic system configuration settings.
Settings
The system settings page allows you to set the operation mode, time and web
interface display language.
Figure 5-2. System Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
Operation Mode – The device can be set as a router or an access point according
to how you want to use the unit in your network.
5-3
5
System Configuration
• Router – Normal gateway mode that connects a wired LAN and wireless clients to
an Internet access device, such as a cable or DSL modem. This is the factory set
default mode.
• Bridge – An access point mode that extends a wired LAN to wireless clients.
Time Settings — Set the timezone and Network Time Protocol (NTP) server of the
Mini AP Router.
• Timezone – Set your local time zone according to the location.
• NTP Server – Configure the IP address of an NTP time server that the Mini AP
Router attempts to poll for a time update.
Web Interface Settings — Set the language display of the web interface.
• Language – Select English or Chinese as the web interface language.
Password
The password page allows you to change the password for access to the
management interface.
To protect access to the management interface, you need to change the default use
name and password as soon as possible. If the user name and password are not
changed, then anyone having access to the Mini AP Router may be able to
compromise network security.
Note: If you forget your user name or password, you can press the reset button on the
back of the unit for more than five seconds to reset to the factory defaults.
Figure 5-3. Password
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• New Password – The new password for management access.
• Confirm Password – Enter the password again for verification.
5-4
5
System
Backup and Restore
The Backup & Restore page allows you to save the Mini AP Router's current
configuration or restore a previously saved configuration back to the device.
Figure 5-4. Backup and Restore
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
Download Configuration — Saves the current configuration to a file on the web
management station. Configuration file names are given the extension ".tgz" on the
management station.
• Name this configuration – Type a file name for the current configuration. Click
Download to generate the configuration file.
Upload Configuration — Restore a previously saved configuration.
• Saved config file – Click the Browse button to locate the saved configuration file.
Then click the Upload button to restore the configuration to the Mini AP Router.
5-5
5
System Configuration
Syslog Settings
The Mini AP Router supports a logging process that control error messages saved
to memory or sent to a Syslog server. The logged messages serve as a valuable tool
for isolating Mini AP Router and network problems.
Figure 5-5. Syslog Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
Remote Syslog — Enables the logging process when a server IP address is
configured.
• Server IP Address – The IP address of a Syslog server.
• Server Port – By default, the port used to listen for UDP syslog messages is 514.
If you specify another port, it must be in the range of 1024 to 65535.
Local Log — Setup the file definition of the logging message.
• Log Type – The log type used to store the logging messages; either a memory
circular buffer or in a file. Writing to a circular buffer is much faster than writing
messages to a file. However, new log messages will start to overwrite old ones
when the circular buffer is full. Note that all log messages are lost when the unit
reboots.
• Log File – The path and name of your log file.
• Log Size – The max size of your log in Kbytes.
5-6
5
System
Firmware Upgrade
The upgrade page allows you to download a new software code file from the local
web management station to the Mini AP Router using HTTP.
After upgrading to new software, the unit reboots automatically.
Figure 5-6. Firmware Upgrade
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• Clear Configuration – Check the box to clear the current configuration and return
to factory defaults when uploading new firmware.
• Fireware image to upload – Specify the name of the code file on the local web
management station. You can use the Browse button to locate the image file locally
on the management station. Click the Upload button to start the download process.
Be sure to allow enough time for the download to complete before rebooting the
Mini AP Router.
5-7
5
System Configuration
WAN
Specify the WAN connection parameters provided by your Internet Service Provider
(ISP).
WAN Settings
Specifies the type of WAN connection to use. The selected option depends on the
device connected to the WAN port and your specific ISP service.
Figure 5-7. WAN Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
WAN Configuration — Set the IP address configuration of the Mini AP Router.
• DHCP – Enables the Mini AP Router to automatically obtain an IP address from a
DHCP server.
- MAC Address: Some ISPs limit Internet connections to a specified MAC
address of one PC. This setting allows you to manually change the MAC
address of the Mini AP Router's WAN interface to match the PC's MAC address
provided to your ISP for registration. You can enter the registered MAC address
manually by typing it in the boxes provided. Otherwise, connect only the PC with
the registered MAC address to the Mini AP Router, then click the Clone MAC
Address of PC button.
Note: If you are unsure of the PC MAC address originally registered by your ISP, call
your ISP and request to register a new MAC address for your account. Register
the default MAC address of the Mini AP Router.
- Host Name: Set the Host Name if specified by the ISP.
5-8
WAN
5
• Static IP – Select configuration for a fixed IP address xDSL Internet connection.
- WAN IP Address: The IP address of the Mini AP Router. Valid IP addresses
consist of four decimal numbers, 0 to 255, separated by periods.
- Subnet Mask: The mask that identifies the host address bits used for routing to
specific subnets.
- Default Gateway – The IP address of the gateway router for the Mini AP Router,
which is used if the requested destination address is not on the local subnet.
- WAN DNS Server – The IP address of a Domain Name Server on the service
provider’s network. A DNS maps numerical IP addresses to domain names and
can be used to identify network hosts by familiar names instead of the IP
addresses.
• PPPoE – Enable the Mini AP Router IP address to be assigned automatically from
an Internet service provider (ISP) through an ADSL modem using PPPoE.
- Reconnect Policy: Select a procedure for the reconnect policy.
- Reconnect Timeout: The number of seconds before the next reconnect
attempt. (valid range: 0-600 seconds)
- Username: If your ISP has provided you with a PPPoE user name, enter it in the
corresponding text box.
- Password: If your ISP has provided you with a PPPoE password, enter it in the
corresponding text box.
- MTU: Set the size of Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) for the largest packet
that the network protocol can transmit.
5-9
5
System Configuration
LAN
The Mini AP Router must have a valid IP address for management using a web
browser and to support other features. The unit has a default IP address of
192.168.2.1. You can use this IP address or assign another address that is
compatible with your existing local network. The unit can also be enabled as a
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server to allocate IP addresses to
local PCs and wireless clients. The unit can support up to 253 local clients.
LAN Settings
The Mini AP Router includes a DHCP server that can assign temporary IP
addresses to any attached host requesting the service. Addresses are assigned to
clients from a common address pool configured on the unit. Configure an address
pool by specifying start and end IP addresses. Be sure not to include the unit's IP
address in the address pool range.
Figure 5-8. LAN Settings
There are two operation modes:
IP Settings — Set the IP address configuration of the Mini AP Router.
• LAN IP Address – Valid IP addresses consist of four decimal numbers, 0 to 255,
separated by periods.The default setting is 192.168.2.1.
• Netmask – Indicate the local subnet mask is fixed as 255.255.255.0.
• Default Gateway – The default gateway is the IP address of the router, which is
used if the requested destination address is not on the local subnet. If you have
management stations located on another subnet, type the IP address of the default
5-10
LAN
5
gateway router in the text field provided. Otherwise, leave the address as
(192.168.2.1).
DHCP Service for LAN — Set the DHCP service configuration of the Mini AP
Router.
• DHCP Service – Enable the DHCP server.
• DHCP Start – Specify the start IP address of a range that the DHCP server can
allocate to DHCP clients. Note that the address pool range is always in the same
subnet as the unit’s IP setting. The maximum clients that the unit can support is
253, but the IP pool range is determined by the start IP address and the Max Client
Q'ty.
• Max Client Q’ty – Defines the IP pool range that the DHCP server can allocate to
DHCP clients. If the start IP address is 192.168.2.1, the maximum client quantity
can be up to 253. If the start IP address is 192.168.2.100, the maximum client
quantity can be up to 153.
• DHCP Lease Time (Minutes) – Select a time limit for the use of an IP address from
the IP pool. When the time limit expires, the client has to request a new IP address.
5-11
5
System Configuration
Wireless1
Set the wireless WLAN mode and wireless security for the Wireless-VAP1 network.
Wireless-VAP1 Settings
The Wireless-VAP1 Settings page includes configuration options for radio signal
characteristics and wireless security features on the Mini AP Router. The
Wireless-VAP1 interface is enabled by default.
Figure 5-9. Wireless-VAP1 Settings (AP+WDS Parent Mode)
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
Wireless Configuration — Enables radio communications for the VAP interface.
(Default: Enabled)
• AP+WDS Parent – The VAP operates as an access point providing a WLAN for
wireless clients. An AP using WDS can function as a wireless network bridge to
allow a wireless connection between two wired network segments.
- Broadcast SSID: Disables SSID broadcasting to protect your network from
unauthorized access. (Default: Yes)
- SSID Name: The name of the wireless network service provided by the VAP.
Clients that want to connect to the network must set their SSID to the same as
that of the VAP interface. (Default: “SMCWBR11-G1” for VAP1;
“SMCWBR11-G2” for VAP2; Range: 1-32 characters)
- Channel: The radio channel that the Mini AP Router uses to communicate with
wireless clients. When multiple access points are deployed in the same area, set
5-12
5
Wireless1
the channel on neighboring access points at least five channels apart to avoid
interference with each other. For example, you can deploy up to three access
points in the same area using channels 1, 6, 11. Note that wireless clients
automatically set the channel to the same as that used by the access point to
which it is linked. (Range: 1-11)
• Client – Select the client mode as the Mini AP Router is used to be a client to a
larger wireless network upstream on your network.
- SSID Name: The name of the wireless network service provided by the VAP.
Clients that want to connect to the network must set their SSID to the same as
that of the VAP interface.
Note: This WLAN Mode is only availabe when the operation mode is set to Router. Only
one of the two Wireless VAPs can be set to Client mode and the other must be set
to AP+WDS.
Figure 5-10. Wireless-VAP1 Settings (Client Mode)
• WDS Child – Select the WDS Child as the Mini AP Router is used as a bridge
connect LAN and LAN between APs.
- SSID Name: The name of the wireless network service provided by the VAP.
Clients that want to connect to the network must set their SSID to the same as
that of the VAP interface.
Note: This WLAN Mode is only availabe when the operation mode is set to Bridge. Only
one of the two Wireless VAPs can be set to WDS Child mode and the other must
be set to AP+WDS.
5-13
5
System Configuration
Figure 5-11. Wireless-VAP1 Settings (WDS Child Mode)
Encryption Settings — Configures the encryption used by the client.
• WEP – Enables the Mini AP Router to use WEP shared keys. If enabled, you must
configure at least one key for the VAP interface and all its clients.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) provides a basic level of security, preventing
unauthorized access to the network and encrypting data transmitted between
wireless clients and the Mini AP Router. WEP uses static shared keys
(fixed-length hexadecimal or alphanumeric strings) that are manually distributed
to all clients that want to use the network.
- Authentication Mode: The two basic methods of authentication supported for
802.11 wireless networks are “open system” and “shared key.” Open-system
authentication accepts any client attempting to connect to the access point
without verifying its identity. The shared-key approach uses Wired Equivalent
Privacy (WEP) to verify client identity by distributing a shared key to clients
before attempting authentication.
- Default Key: Sets WEP key values for one or two keys. At least one key must
be specified. Each WEP key has an index number. The selected key is used for
authentication and encryption on the VAP interface. Enter key values that match
the key type and length settings. Standard keys are either 5 or 13 alpanumeric
characters; or 10 or 26 hexadecimal digits.
5-14
5
Wireless1
Figure 5-12. Encryption Settings - WEP Mode
• WPA(PSK) – Enable WPA (PSK) security on the VAP interface.
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) employs a combination of technologies to
provide an enhanced security solution for wireless networks. The WPA
Pre-shared Key (WPA-PSK) mode for small networks uses a common
password phrase that must be manually distributed to all clients that want to
connect to the network.
- Pre-Shared Key: Enter a key as an easy-to-remember form of letters and
numbers. The key must be from 8 to 64 characters, which can include spaces.
All wireless clients must be configured with the same key to communicate with
the VAP interface. (Default: Product Serial Number)
- Confirm Pre-Shared Key: Enter the key for verification.
Figure 5-13. Encryption Settings - WPA(PSK) Mode
• WPA / WPA2(PSK) – Enable WPA / WPA2(PSK) security on the VAP interface.
WPA2 is a futher security enhancement that includes the now ratified IEEE
802.11i wireless security standard.
- Pre-Shared Key: Enter a key as an easy-to-remember form of letters and
numbers. The key must be from 8 to 64 characters, which can include spaces.
All wireless clients must be configured with the same key to communicate with
the VAP interface.
- Confirm Pre-Shared Key: Enter the key for verification.
- Wi-Fi Protected Setup: Enable the WPS feature.
Note: Please refer to the WPS section on page 5-19 for the details of Wi-Fi
Protected Setup.
5-15
5
System Configuration
Figure 5-14. Encryption Settings - WPA/WPA2(PSK) Mode
• WPA(RADIUS) or WPA / WPA2(RADIUS) – Enables WPA(RADIUS) or WPA /
WPA2(RADIUS) security on the VAP interface.
Remote Authentication Dial-in User Service (RADIUS) is an authentication
protocol that uses software running on a central server to control access to
RADIUS-aware devices on the network. An authentication server contains a
database of user credentials for each user that requires access to the network.
A primary RADIUS server must be specified for the Mini AP Router to
implement IEEE 802.1x network access control and Wi-Fi Protected Access
(WPA) wireless security. A secondary RADIUS server may also be specified as
a backup should the primary server fail or become inaccessible.
- Secret Key: A shared text string used to encrypt messages between the Mini AP
Router and the RADIUS server. Be sure that the same text string is specified on
the RADIUS server. Do not use blank spaces in the string.
- Confirm Secret Key: Enter the key for verification.
- RADIUS IP Address: Specifies the IP address or host name of the RADIUS
server.
- RADIUS Port: The UDP port number used by the RADIUS server for
authentication messages. (Range: 1024-65535; Default:1812).
Figure 5-15. Encryption Settings - WPA(RADIUS) Mode
5-16
5
Wireless1
MAC Filter Settings
Wireless clients can be authenticated for network access by checking their MAC
address against a local database configured on the Mini AP Router. You can
configure a list of up to 32 wireless client MAC addresses in the filter list to either
allow or deny network access.
Figure 5-16. Encryption Settings - WPA(RADIUS) Mode
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• Filter Mode – The MAC address filter can be configured to allow or deny network
access to listed clients. Select Allow to permit access or Deny to block access.
• White List – Specify a wireless client MAC address in the format
"00:11:22:33:44:55." Click Add to add the MAC address to the filter list. To delete
a MAC address from the list, click Remove next to the entry in the list.
5-17
5
System Configuration
Wireless2
Sets the wireless Service Set Identifier (SSID) and wireless security encryption key
for the Wireless-VAP2 network. An SSID is a recognizable text name that identifies a
wireless network. Wireless clients that want to connect to the network must set their
SSIDs to match that of the router.
Wireless-VAP2 Settings
The Wireless-VAP2 Settings page includes configuration options for radio signal
characteristics and wireless security features on the Mini AP Router. The
Wireless-VAP2 interface is disabled by default.
Figure 5-17. Wireless-VAP2 Settings
Please refer to the page 5-12 to 5-17 for the details of the displayed items on this
page.
5-18
5
WPS
WPS
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is designed to ease installation and activation of
security features in wireless networks. The Connect button in the web interface
functions the same as the physical WPS SET button on the Mini AP Router, which is
able to automatically connect multiple devices to the WLAN network.
WPS Settings
The WPS Settings page includes configuration options for setting WPS device PIN
codes and activating the virtual WPS button.
Figure 5-18. WPS Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• PIN-Code – The Mini AP Router, along with other WPS devices, such as notebook
PCs, cameras, or phones, all come with their own eight-digit PIN code. You need
to set an initial client up to talk with the access point/router/gateway and it becomes
the master device used to enter PIN codes of other clients that want network
access.
The Mini AP Router can be set as a master device or a client device. Please refer
to the below descriptions to perform the WPS feature.
- When the Mini AP Router is set as the master device, leave the PIN-Code box
blank and click the Send button.
Note: When the Mini AP Router is the master device, the client device can join the
network by entering the Mini AP Router’s PIN code “12345670.”
- When the Mini AP Router is set as the client device, enter the PIN code of the
master device and click Send to join the network.
5-19
5
System Configuration
• Push Button – After clicking the Connect button you have up to two minutes to
activate WPS on devices that need to join the network.
Note: The Wi-Fi Protected Setup is avaliable for VAP1 only.
5-20
5
WDS Repeater
WDS Repeater
WDS Repeater is used to extend the range of the wireless infrastructure by
forwarding traffic between associated wireless stations and another repeater or AP
connected to the wired LAN. Traffic is received from the Parent AP on the Wireless1
interface, then forwarded (repeated) on the Wireless2 interface.
Repeater Settings
The Repeater Settings page includes configuration options for WDS repeater mode
and wireless security features on the Mini AP Router.
Figure 5-19. WDS-Repeater Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• WDS Repeater – Enable WDS Repeater settings of the Mini AP Router. (Default:
Disabled)
• SSID Name – The name of the wireless network to which the Wireless1 interface
in WDS Child mode needs to connect.
• Inherit AP Settings – Enable Inherit AP to clone the SSID and security settings
from parent AP to Wireless2, and enable Wireless2.
Encryption Settings — Configures the encryption used by the client.
• WEP – Enables the Mini AP Router to use WEP shared keys. If enabled, you must
configure at least one key for the VAP interface and all its clients.
- Authentication Mode: The two basic methods of authentication supported for
802.11 wireless networks are “open system” and “shared key.” Open-system
authentication accepts any client attempting to connect to the access point
5-21
5
System Configuration
without verifying its identity. The shared-key approach uses Wired Equivalent
Privacy (WEP) to verify client identity by distributing a shared key to clients
before attempting authentication.
- Default Key: Sets WEP key values for one or two keys. At least one key must
be specified. Each WEP key has an index number. The selected key is used for
authentication and encryption on the VAP interface. Enter key values that match
the key type and length settings. Standard keys are either 5 or 13 alpanumeric
characters; or 10 or 26 hexadecimal digits.
5-22
5
QoS
QoS
Wireless networks offer an equal opportunity for all devices to transmit data from
any type of application. Although this is acceptable for most applications, multimedia
applications (with audio and video) are particularly sensitive to the delay and
throughput variations that result from this equal opportunity wireless access method.
For multimedia applications to run well over a wireless network, a Quality of Service
(QoS) mechanism is required to prioritize traffic types and provide an “enhanced
opportunity” wireless access method.
The Mini AP Router implements QoS using the Wi-Fi Multimedia (WMM) standard.
Using WMM, the min router is able to prioritize traffic and optimize performance
when multiple applications compete for wireless network bandwidth at the same
time. WMM employs techniques that are a subset of the IEEE 802.11e QoS
standard and it enables the Mini AP Router to interoperate with both WMM-enabled
clients and other devices that may lack any WMM functionality.
QoS Settings
The QoS settings page allows you to enable the QoS settings and specify the WAN
upload and download speeds.
Figure 5-20. QoS Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• QoS Service – Enables QoS settings of the Mini AP Router. (Default: Disabled)
• WAN Upload Speed / Download Speed – The maximum upload and download
speeds of the Internet connection on the WAN port. It is recommended that you set
these values at between 85-90% of your true speeds. Most broadband services are
rated in Megabits per second (Mbps). To convert Mbps to Kilobits per second
5-23
5
System Configuration
(Kbps), multiply the value by 1024. The following table lists the most common
broadband service speeds.:
Mbps
1
2
3
4
6
8
12
5-24
Kilobits
1024
2048
3072
4069
6144
8192
12288
5
DMZ
DMZ
If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application properly from behind
the NAT firewall, you can open the client up to unrestricted two-way internet access
by defining a virtual-DMZ (virtual-demilitarized-zone) host.
Figure 5-21. DMZ Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• DMZ Service – Enables the DMZ feature. (Default: Disabled)
• DMZ IP Address – Specifies the IP address of the virtual DMZ host.
Note: Adding a host to the DMZ may expose your local network to a variety of security
risks, so only use this option as a last resort.
5-25
5
System Configuration
DynDNS Settings
Dynamic DNS (DDNS) provides users on the Internet with a method to tie a specific
domain name to the unit’s dynamically assigned IP address. DDNS allows your
domain name to follow your IP address automatically by changing your DNS records
when your IP address changes.
Figure 5-22. DynDNS Settings
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
DynDNS — Enable the Dynamic DNS of the Mini AP Router.
• Service Provider – Specify the DDNS service provider. To set up an DDNS
account, visit the websites of the service providers indicated in the table below:
Name
dyndns-dynamic
dyndns-custom
tzo
dhs
URL
http://www.dyndns.org
http://www.dyndns.org
htto://www.tzo.com
htto://www.dhs.org
• Domain Name – Specify the prefix to identify your presence on the DDNS server.
• User Name – Specify your username for the DDNS service.
• Password – Specify your password for the DDNS service.
5-26
5
Status
Status
The status pages display details on the current configuration and status of the Mini
AP Router, including associated wireless stations and event log messages.
System
The system page displays basic system configuration settings. The displayed
settings are for status information only and are not configurable on this page.
Figure 5-23. System
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
System — Displays the basic device information:
• Device – The device name and model number.
• Firmware Version – The version number of the current Mini AP Router software.
WAN — Displays the basic WAN status.
• IP Address – The IP address specified or assigned by the Internet Service
Provider.
• DNS Server 1 – Address of the ISP’s DNS server.
LAN — Displays the basic LAN status.
• IP Address – The IP address configured on the Mini AP Router.
WLAN — Displays the basic WLAN information:
• Wireless1/Wireless2 – The status of the Wireless VAP interface.
5-27
5
System Configuration
• ESSID – The service set identifier for this wireless group.
• Frequency – The The channel frequency being used by the radio.
• Encryption – The encryption used by the VAP interface.
Interfaces
The Interfaces page displays the settings for each wireless interface. The displayed
settings are for status information only and are not configurable on this page.
Figure 5-24. Interfaces
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
WAN – Display the basic WAN configuration settings.
• MAC Address – MAC address of the Mini AP Router on its WAN port.
• IP Address – The IP address assigned for the WAN interface.
• DNS Server 1 – Address of the primary DNS server.
• Received – The number of data packets received on the WAN interface.
• Transmitted – The radio frequency of the WLAN transmission.
LAN – Display the basic LAN configuration settings.
• MAC Address – The physical layer address for the Mini AP Router’s Ethernet port.
• IP Address – The IP address configured on the Mini AP Router.
5-28
5
Status
• Received – The received LAN radio signal frequency.
• Transmitted – The radio frequency of the WLAN transmission.
WLAN – Display the wireless interface settings.
• Wireless1/Wireless2 – The status of the Configuration.
• ESSID – The service set identifier for this wireless group.
• Frequency – The radio frequency of the WLAN transmission.
• Transmit Power – The power of the radio signals transmitted from the Mini AP
Router. The higher the transmission power, the farther the transmission range.
• Encryption Key – The encryption used for broadcast and multicast data.
RAW Information — Click the button to display interface details and statistics.
Events Log
The Event Log page displays system messages generated during system operation.
The logged messages can serve as a valuable tool for isolating Mini AP Router and
network problems.
Figure 5-25. Events Log View
The Events Log page displays the lastest messages logged in chronological order, from
the newest to the oldest. Log messages saved in the Mini AP Router’s memory are
erased when the device is rebooted.
5-29
5
System Configuration
DHCP Clients
The network information page displays the current Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP) clients status. The displayed settings are for status information
only and are not configurable on this page.
Figure 5-26. DHCP Client Settings
PPPoE
The PPPoE Status page page displays the current Point-to-Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) status. The displayed settings are for status information only and
are not configurable on this page.
Figure 5-27. PPPoE Settings
5-30
5
Status
WLAN Stations
The WLAN Stations page page displays the wireless station status. The displayed
settings are for status information only and are not configurable on this page.
Figure 5-28. WLAN Stations
About
The About page displays the software version and status installed in the Mini AP
Router.
Figure 5-29. About
5-31
5
System Configuration
Reboot
The Reboot page allows you to restart the Mini AP Router software and restore
factory default settings.
Figure 5-30. Reboot
The displayed items on this page can be described as follows:
• Reboot Mini AP Router – Click the Reboot button to reboot the system.
• Restore Factory Settings – Click the Factory Reset button to reset the
configuration settings for the Mini AP Router to the factory defaults and reboot the
system. Note that all user configured information will be lost. You will have to use
the default IP address to re-gain management access to the Mini AP Router.
Note: If you have upgraded the system software, then you must reboot the Mini AP
Router to implement the new code.
5-32
Appendix A: Troubleshooting
Check the following items before you contact local Technical Support.
1.
If wireless clients cannot access the network, check the following:
• Be sure the access point and the wireless clients are configured with the same
Service Set ID (SSID).
• If authentication or encryption are enabled, ensure that the wireless clients are
properly configured with the appropriate authentication or encryption keys.
2.
If the mini router cannot be configured using a web browser:
• Be sure to have configured the access point with a valid IP address, subnet
mask and default gateway.
• If you are connecting to the mini router through the wired Ethernet interface,
check the network cabling between the management station and the mini
router. If you are connecting to mini router from a wireless client, ensure that
you have a valid connection to the mini router.
3.
If you forgot or lost the password:
• Set the mini router to its default configuration by pressing the reset button on
the bottom panel for 5 seconds or more. Connect to the web management
interface using the default IP address 192.168.2.1. Then set up a new user
name and passward to access the management interface.
4.
If all other recovery measure fail, and the mini router is still not functioning
properly, take any of these steps:
• Reset the mini router’s hardware using the web interface or through a power
reset.
• Reset the mini router to its default configuration by pressing the reset button
on the back panel for 5 seconds or more. Connect to the web management
interface using the default IP address 192.168.2.1, then setup a user name
and password.
A-1
A
Troubleshooting
Diagnosing LED Indicators
Troubleshooting Chart
Symptom
Action
POWER LED is Off
• The AC power adapter may be disconnected. Check connections
between the Mini AP Router, the power adapter, and the wall outlet.
WLAN LED is Off
• The Mini AP Router’s radio has been disabled through it’s web
management interface. Access the management interface using a web
browser to enable the radio.
LAN/WAN LED is Off
(when port connected)
• Verify that the Mini AP Router and attached device are powered on.
• Be sure the cable is plugged into both the Mini AP Router and
corresponding device.
• Verify that the proper cable type is used and its length does not exceed
specified limits.
• Check the cable connections for possible defects. Replace the
defective cable if necessary.
A-2
Appendix B: Specifications
Wireless Output Power
802.11b: 18 dBm (typical) (Peak Output power: 19.12dBm)
802.11g: 20 dBm or 18 dBm @ 6 Mbps, 14dBm @ 54 Mbps (Peak Output power: 20.04dBm)
Wireless Receive Sensitivity
802.11b: -90 dBm @ 1 Mbps, -84 dBm @ 11 Mbps
802.11g: -86 dBm @ 6 Mbps, -68 dBm @ 54 Mbps
Operating Frequency
802.11g:
2.4 ~ 2.4835 GHz (US, Canada)
2.4 ~ 2.4835 GHz (ETSI, Japan)
802.11b:
2.4 ~ 2.4835 GHz (US, Canada)
2.4 ~ 2.4835 GHz (ETSI)
2.4 ~ 2.497 GHz (Japan)
Data Rate
802.11g: 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbps per channel
802.11b: 1, 2, 5.5, 11 Mbps per channel
Operating Channels
802.11g:
11 channels in base mode (US, Canada)
13 channels (ETSI, Japan)
802.11b:
11 channels in base mode (US, Canada)
13 channels (ETSI)
14 channels (Japan)
Modulation Type
802.11g: CCK, BPSK, QPSK, OFDM
802.11b: CCK, BPSK, QPSK
AC Power Adapter
Input: 100-240 VAC, 50-60 Hz
Output: 5 VDC, 2 A
Unit Power Supply
DC Input: 5 VDC, 2 A maximum
Power Consumption: 6.5 W maximum
LED Indicators
POWER, LAN (Ethernet Link/Activity), WAN, (Ethernet Link/Activity), WLAN (Wireless Link/
Activity)
B-1
B
Specifications
Network Management
Web-browser
Temperature
Operating: 0 to 40 °C (32 to 104 °F)
Storage: -20 to 70 °C (32 to 158 °F)
Humidity
15% to 95% (non-condensing)
Compliances
FCC Part 15B Class B
EN 55022B
EN 55024
EN61000-3-2
EN61000-3-3
VCCI Class B
Radio Signal Certification
FCC Part 15C 15.247, 15.207 (2.4 GHz)
EN 300 328
EN 301 489-1
EN 301 489-17
ARIB STD-T66
IC RSS-210
Standards
IEEE 802.1 x
IEEE 802.11b, g
IEEE 802.3
Wi-Fi 11b/g, WPA, WPA2, WMM
Physical Size
12.5 x 7 x 2.7 cm (4.92 x 2.76 x 1.06 in)
Weight
170 g (6 oz)
B-2
Appendix C: License Information
This product includes software code developed by third parties, including software
code subject to the GNU General Public License (“GPL”) or GNU Lesser General
Public License (“LGPL”). As applicable, the terms of the GPL and LGPL, and
information on obtaining access to the GPL Code and LGPL Code used in this
product, are available to you at http://www.smc.com under the support/downloads
section. The GPL Code and LGPL Code used in this product is distributed
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY and is subject to the copyrights of one or more
authors. For details, see the GPL Code and LGPL Code for this product and the
terms of the GPL and LGPL.
The GNU General Public License
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license
document, but changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share
and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to
guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the
software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the
Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors
commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by
the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your
programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our
General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to
distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you
receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or
use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you
these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to
certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you
modify it.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee,
you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that
C-1
C
License Information
they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms
so they know their rights.
We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you
this license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the
software.
Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone
understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is
modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what
they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not
reflect on the original authors' reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to
avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent
licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it
clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING,
DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
1.
This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice
placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of
this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program
or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any
derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the
Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or
translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without
limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you".
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by
this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not
restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents
constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by
running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
2.
You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as
you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and
appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and
disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and
to the absence of any warranty; and give any other recipients of the Program a
copy of this License along with the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at
your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
3.
C-2
You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus
forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such
The GNU General Public License
C
modifications or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you
also meet all of these conditions:
a). You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that
you changed the files and the date of any change.
b). You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in
part contains or is derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be
licensed as a whole at no charge to all third parties under the terms of this
License.
c).
If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run,
you must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the
most ordinary way, to print or display an announcement including an
appropriate copyright notice and a notice that there is no warranty (or else,
saying that you provide a warranty) and that users may redistribute the
program under these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of
this License. (Exception: if the Program itself is interactive but does not
normally print such an announcement, your work based on the Program is
not required to print an announcement.)
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable
sections of that work are not derived from the Program, and can be reasonably
considered independent and separate works in themselves, then this License,
and its terms, do not apply to those sections when you distribute them as
separate works. But when you distribute the same sections as part of a whole
which is a work based on the Program, the distribution of the whole must be on
the terms of this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the
entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to
work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control
the distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with
the Program (or with a work based on the Program) on a volume of a storage or
distribution medium does not bring the other work under the scope of this
License.
4.
You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section
2) in object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above
provided that you also do one of the following:
a). Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source
code, which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above
on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or,
b). Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give any
third party, for a charge no more than your cost of physically performing
source distribution, a complete machine-readable copy of the
C-3
C
License Information
corresponding source code, to be distributed under the terms of Sections 1
and 2 above on a medium customarily used for software interchange; or,
c).
Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute
corresponding source code. (This alternative is allowed only for
noncommercial distribution and only if you received the program in object
code or executable form with such an offer, in accord with Subsection b
above.)
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making
modifications to it. For an executable work, complete source code means all
the source code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface
definition files, plus the scripts used to control compilation and installation of the
executable. However, as a special exception, the source code distributed need
not include anything that is normally distributed (in either source or binary form)
with the major components (compiler, kernel, and so on) of the operating
system on which the executable runs, unless that component itself
accompanies the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy
from a designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the source
code from the same place counts as distribution of the source code, even
though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object
code.
5.
You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as
expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify,
sublicense or distribute the Program is void, and will automatically terminate
your rights under this License. However, parties who have received copies, or
rights, from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated so
long as such parties remain in full compliance.
6.
You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it.
However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the
Program or its derivative works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do
not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or distributing the Program (or
any work based on the Program), you indicate your acceptance of this License
to do so, and all its terms and conditions for copying, distributing or modifying
the Program or works based on it.
7.
Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the Program),
the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy,
distribute or modify the Program subject to these terms and conditions. You
may not impose any further restrictions on the recipients' exercise of the rights
granted herein. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third
parties to this License.
8.
If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or
for any other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on
you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the
C-4
The GNU General Public License
C
conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this
License. If you cannot distribute so as to satisfy simultaneously your
obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a
consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For example, if a
patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program by all
those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way
you could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from
distribution of the Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any
particular circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply and the
section as a whole is intended to apply in other circumstances.
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other
property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has
the sole purpose of protecting the integrity of the free software distribution
system, which is implemented by public license practices. Many people have
made generous contributions to the wide range of software distributed through
that system in reliance on consistent application of that system; it is up to the
author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to distribute software through any
other system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a
consequence of the rest of this License.
9.
If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries
either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who
places the Program under this License may add an explicit geographical
distribution limitation excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted
only in or among countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License
incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License.
10. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the
General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in
spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or
concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies
a version number of this License which applies to it and "any later version", you
have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that version or of
any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program
does not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any version
ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
11. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose
distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission.
For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the
Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our
decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all
C-5
C
License Information
derivatives of our free software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of
software generally.
NO WARRANTY
1.
BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO
WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY
APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE
COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE
PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND
PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE
PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL
NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
2.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO
IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY
WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS
PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING
ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM
(INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING
RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD
PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY
OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS
BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
C-6
Glossary
10BASE-T
IEEE 802.3 specification for 10 Mbps Ethernet over two pairs of Category 3 or better
UTP cable.
100BASE-TX
IEEE 802.3u specification for 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet over two pairs of Category 5
or better UTP cable.
Access Point
An internetworking device that seamlessly connects wired and wireless networks.
Access points attached to a wired network, support the creation of multiple radio
cells that enable roaming throughout a facility.
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
An encryption algorithm that implements symmetric key cryptography. AES provides
very strong encryption using a completely different ciphering algorithm to TKIP and
WEP.
Authentication
The process to verify the identity of a client requesting network access. IEEE 802.11
specifies two forms of authentication: open system and shared key.
Backbone
The core infrastructure of a network. The portion of the network that transports
information from one central location to another central location where it is unloaded
onto a local system.
Beacon
A signal periodically transmitted from the access point that is used to identify the
service set, and to maintain contact with wireless clients.
Broadcast Key
Broadcast keys are sent to stations using dynamic keying. Dynamic broadcast key
rotation is often used to allow the access point to generate a random group key and
periodically update all key-management capable wireless clients.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
Provides a framework for passing configuration information to hosts on a TCP/IP
network. DHCP is based on the Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP), adding the capability
of automatic allocation of reusable network addresses and additional configuration
options.
Glossary-1
Glossary
Encryption
Data passing between the access point and clients can use encryption to protect
from interception and evesdropping.
Ethernet
A popular local area data communications network, which accepts transmission
from computers and terminals.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
A TCP/IP protocol used for file transfer.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
HTTP is a standard used to transmit and receive all data over the World Wide Web.
IEEE 802.11b
A wireless standard that supports wireless communications in the 2.4 GHz band
using Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS). The standard provides for data
rates of 1, 2, 5.5, and 11 Mbps.
IEEE 802.11g
A wireless standard that supports wireless communications in the 2.4 GHz band
using using Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM). The standard
provides for data rates of 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54 Mbps. IEEE 802.11g is also
backward compatible with IEEE 802.11b.
Infrastructure
An integrated wireless and wired LAN is called an infrastructure configuration.
Local Area Network (LAN)
A group of interconnected computer and support devices.
MAC Address
The physical layer address used to uniquely identify network nodes.
Network Time Protocol (NTP)
NTP provides the mechanisms to synchronize time across the network. The time
servers operate in a hierarchical-master-slave configuration in order to synchronize
local clocks within the subnet and to national time standards via wire or radio.
Open System
A security option which broadcasts a beacon signal including the access point’s
configured SSID. Wireless clients can read the SSID from the beacon, and
automatically reset their SSID to allow immediate connection to the nearest access
point.
Glossary-2
Glossary
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (ODFM)
OFDM allows multiple users to transmit in an allocated band by dividing the
bandwidth into many narrow bandwidth carriers.
Repeater and Bridge
Repeater and bridge can provide an extended link to a remote access point from the
wired LAN. Access Point working in this mode could connect to another AP in
Access Point mode or Repeater and Bridge mode. Whenever there are two APs
having wireless link together (one in Access Point or Repeater and Bridge mode,
another using Repeater and Bridge mode), and also have wired link separately,
these two APs are also working as “bridging” for the two wired links.
Service Set Identifier (SSID)
An identifier that is attached to packets sent over the wireless LAN and functions as
a password for joining a particular radio cell; i.e., Basic Service Set (BSS).
Session Key
Session keys are unique to each client, and are used to authenticate a client
connection, and correlate traffic passing between a specific client and the access
point.
Shared Key
A shared key can be used to authenticate each client attached to a wireless network.
Shared Key authentication must be used along with the 802.11 Wireless Equivalent
Privacy algorithm.
Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP)
SNTP allows a device to set its internal clock based on periodic updates from a
Network Time Protocol (NTP) server. Updates can be requested from a specific NTP
server, or can be received via broadcasts sent by NTP servers.
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP)
A data encryption method designed as a replacement for WEP. TKIP avoids the
problems of WEP static keys by dynamically changing data encryption keys.
Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
A TCP/IP protocol commonly used for software downloads.
Virtual Access Point (VAP)
Virtual AP technology multiplies the number of Access Points present within the RF
footprint of a single physical access device. With Virtual AP technology, WLAN users
within the device’s footprint can associate with what appears to be different access
points and their associated network services. All the services are delivered using a
Glossary-3
Glossary
single radio channel, enabling Virtual AP technology to optimize the use of limited
WLAN radio spectrum.
Wi-Fi Protected Access
WPA employs 802.1X as its basic framework for user authentication and dynamic
key management to provide an enhanced security solution for 802.11 wireless
networks.
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
WEP is based on the use of security keys and the popular RC4 encryption
algorithm. Wireless devices without a valid WEP key will be excluded from network
traffic.
WPA Pre-shared Key (WPA-PSK)
WPA-PSK can be used for small office networks with a limited number of users that
may not need a high level of security. WPA-PSK provides a simple security
implementation that uses just a pre-shared password for network access.
Glossary-4
FOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT, CALL:
1300 725 323
INTERNET
E-mail addresses: [email protected]
Driver updates:
http://www.smc.com/index.cfm?action=tech_support_drivers_downloads
World Wide Web:
http://www.smc-australia.com.au
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement