UM10874 SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non

UM10874 SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non
UM10874
SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated
LED driver
Rev. 1 — 23 April 2015
User manual
Document information
Info
Content
Keywords
SSL5231BDB1289, SSL5231BT, dimmable, LED driver, buck converter,
fixture, eco-THD
Abstract
This user manual describes the operation of the SSL5231BDB1289 120 V
18 W eco-THD dimmable LED driver featuring the SSL5231BT. The
SSL5231BDB1289 demo board uses a buck topology.
UM10874
NXP Semiconductors
SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
Revision history
Rev
Date
Description
v.1
20150423
first issue
Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
1. Introduction
WARNING
Lethal voltage and fire ignition hazard
The non-insulated high voltages that are present when operating this product, constitute a
risk of electric shock, personal injury, death and/or ignition of fire.
This product is intended for evaluation purposes only. It shall be operated in a designated test
area by personnel qualified according to local requirements and labor laws to work with
non-insulated mains voltages and high-voltage circuits. This product shall never be operated
unattended.
This user manual describes the operation of the SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W eco-THD
dimmable LED driver. The buck converter topology provides a simple and efficient
solution for mains dimmable LED recessed light applications with a very good dimmer
compatibility.
The SSL5231BDB1289 demo board complies with EMI and safety regulations.
Figure 2 shows dimensions of the SSL5231BDB1289 demo board. Figure 3 shows the
top view and bottom view of the SSL5231BDB1289 demo board.
2. Safety warning
The demo board input is connected to the 120 V mains supply. Avoid touching the board
while it is connected to the mains voltage and when it is in operation. An isolated housing
is obligatory when used in uncontrolled, non-laboratory environments. Galvanic isolation
from the mains phase using a fixed or variable transformer is always recommended.
Figure 1 shows the symbols on how to recognize these devices.
019aab174
019aab173
a. Isolated
Fig 1.
UM10874
User manual
b. Not isolated
Isolation symbols
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
3. Specifications
Table 1 lists the specification of the SSL5231BDB1289 demo board.
Table 1.
SSL5231BDB1289 specifications
Symbol
Parameter
Value
Vmains
AC mains supply voltage
120 V (AC); 10 %
Imains
AC mains input current
150 mA; 5 %
VLED
output voltage
48 V; 10 %
ILED
output current
325 mA
ILED/ILED(nom)Vmains
line regulation
> 3 % at Vmains 10 %
ILED/ILED(nom)VLED
load regulation
> 3 % at VLED; 10 %

efficiency
> 87 %
PF
power factor
> 0.95
Toper
operating temperature
40 C to +85 C
-
board dimensions
30 mm  85 mm
-
conducted ElectroMagnetic
Interference (EMI)
FCC15 class B
-
IEC61000-3-2
class C (for Pin < 25 W limit)
Figure 2 shows the dimensions of the demo board.
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Fig 2.
UM10874
User manual
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SSL5231BDB1289 demo board dimensions
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
4. Board photographs
a. Top view
b. Bottom view
Fig 3.
UM10874
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SSL5231BDB1289 demo board photographs
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
5. Board connections
The SSL5231BDB1289 demo board is optimized for a 120 V/60 Hz supply. In addition to
the mains voltage optimization, the board is designed to work with multiple LEDs or an
LED module with a low forward voltage. The mains connection of the SSL5231BDB1289
demo board is different from other demo boards. Connect the mains to the screw
connector X1.
Remark: The maximum rated voltage of the board is 150 V (AC).
The anode of the LED load is connected to pin 1 of connector X2. The cathode is
connected to pin 2 of connector X2. Use an LED string with a typical forward voltage of
48 V/10 % on the SSL5231BDB1289 demo board. Under the expected conditions, the
output current is 325 mA when no dimmer is used.
It is possible to shorten the board by mounting C8 and C9 upright. Connector X2 can be
mounted at a different position. The board becomes 10 mm shorter. If the board is
shortened, wire bridge WB1 must be placed.
Fig 4.
UM10874
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SSL5231BDB1289 board connections
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
6. Functional description and options
6.1 Input filtering
Capacitors C1 and C2 and inductors L1 and L3 filter the switching current from the buck
converter to the line. Capacitors C1 and C2 also provide a low-impedance path for the
switching current. The value of capacitor C2 is selected so the application passes for both
conducted and radiated EMI.
The 10  input series resistance together with varistor MOV1 across the AC bridge
rectifier input provides protection against transient surge voltages. To increase the
immunity to line surges, the input resistance is added. Do not omit this resistor.
To improve dimming performance, an extra notch filter, inductor L3, capacitor C11, and
resistor R2 is added to the input. The extra filter suppresses the common-mode
disturbance in the 200 kHz to 300 kHz range. Furthermore, inductor L3 reduces the
repetitive inrush current to maximum 2.3 A. The notch filter isolates capacitor C1 from the
dimmer, improving the dimming performance.
6.2 Open-load protection
The driver board is protected when the LED load is accidentally left open. The open-load
protection is a non-latched protection. It recovers when the LED string is reconnected.
The LED current is not controlled when reconnecting which can destroy the LED string.
So turn off the mains before reconnecting the LED load.
Two circuits set the open-load output voltage. One circuit sets the open output voltage
when the IC does not operate because of a defect. The other circuit (OVP) sets it when
the IC is operating normally. In all cases, the output voltage must never exceed the rated
DC voltage of the output capacitor.
6.2.1 IC not operating
The voltage divider, consisting of resistors R19 and R20, sets the output voltage from the
VCC pin of the IC to the GND pin of the IC and resistor R10.
R10
V o =  V bus – V CC   -----------------------------------------R10 + R19 + R20
(1)
n  2.5 V
As a rule of thumb, limit resistor R10 to ---------------------------- .
2  190 A
In this way, the voltage is not sufficient to turn on the LEDs (n is the number of LEDs in
series at the output).
Resistor R10 has a double function. It also supplies the dimmer reset circuit. If this circuit
is not used, resistor R10 must be connected to GND. The extra offset of 1.2 V caused by
Vbe of transistor Q4 and resistor R6 can be neglected in the calculation.
The non-operating output voltage must not be equal to or exceed the voltage set by the
operating mode. It is good practice to set the level in non-operating mode 5 V to 10 V
lower than in operating mode.
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
6.2.2 IC operating with OVP
When the voltage in the non-operating mode is set to a safe level for the output capacitor,
the voltage in the operating mode can be set. The OVP is triggered when during four
consecutive high-frequency cycles, 1.8 V is detected at the DEMOVP pin. The output
voltage is set with Equation 2:
R18
V o = 1.8   1 + ----------

R17
(2)
The output voltage must never exceed the rated DC voltage of the output capacitor. The
preferred value for resistor R17 is 5.6 k. Do not use a resistor value that exceeds 18 k.
The DEMOVP pin is a high-ohmic input, so it is sensitive to disturbance causing false
OVP triggering.
6.3 LED current and sense resistor
To optimally profit from the excellent current stability of the SSL5231BT overtemperature,
50 ppm MELF type resistors are recommended to sense the LED current. The output
current stability range drops to 3 % compared to 7 % over the full temperature range for
normal 200 ppm 1210 type resistors.
6.3.1 Single resistor sensing
Figure 5 shows the principle of single resistor sensing. Single resistor sensing is the
traditional way of sensing the peak current through the switch and inductor.
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Fig 5.
Single resistor sensing principle
The LED current for single resistor sensing is calculated with Equation 3:
0.31
I LED = ------------R ISNS
(3)
When a dimmer is used, the typical maximum peak current that can be reached equals:
1.8
I peak  max  = ------------R ISNS
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
For this application, the LED current amounts 325 mA, which means a sense resistor of
0.9  is required. Using this resistor value would result in a maximum peak current of
1.8 V
-------------- = 2.0 A .
0.9 
The maximum allowed input current II(SW) = 2 A limits the current through the switch of the
IC. The peak current for the IC is too high. It also implies that inductor L2 must be used
with a saturation current of at least 2 A. During normal operation, the peak current is
approximately 4 times the average LED current (1.3 A). So an inductor saturation current
of maximum 1.5 A is sufficient. To meet the requirements to lower the peak IC current and.
the peak inductor current, split sense can be used. Split sense uses the existing head
room in the peak current detection to lower the IC and inductor current.
6.3.2 Split resistor sensing
Figure 6 shows the principle of split resistor sensing. The peak of the primary stroke the
inductor current flows through both sense resistors and during the secondary stroke the
inductor current only flows through the secondary sense resistor.
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Fig 6.
Split resistor sensing principle
When the split sense resistor configuration is set up to make maximum use of the
overcurrent sense protection head room of the buck converter application, the IC still
regulates to the average LED current. The average LED current measured by the voltage
between the ISNS pin and the GND pin of the IC divided by the RISNS resistor. When the
application is dimmed the converter shifts to peak current regulation. To regulate to the
average LED current, the maximum achievable line and load regulation are maintained.
Equation 5 to Equation 8 for a buck converter can be used:
UM10874
User manual
V ocp
-------------------------------- = R ISNS  pri  + R ISNS  sec  + R bond = R ISNS  tot 
I peak  inductor 
(5)
0.31
R ISNS  AV  = --------------------I LED  AV 
(6)
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
R ISNS  AV  = R ISNS  sec  +   R ISNS  pri  + R bond 
(7)
V LEDP
 = ---------------V bus
(8)
Where:
• Rbond is the bond wire resistance on the ISNS pin inside the IC
• Ipeak(inductor) can be calculated with the SSL5231BT calculation tool
• Vocp can be found in the SSL5231BT data sheet. It is 1.8 V typical for the SSL5231BT
For a first set-up, assume:
• Ipeak(inductor)  4  ILED(AV)
• Rbond = 92 
To have some margin, Ipeak(inductor) must be  1.8 A. If Ipeak(inductor) exceeds 1.8 A, the IC
already moves to peak current regulation during typical operation.
Based on Equation 5 to Equation 8, the following can be concluded:
R ISNS  AV  – R ISNS  tot 
R ISNS  pri  = ----------------------------------------------------- – R bond
 – 1
(9)
R ISNS  sec  = R ISNS  tot  – R ISNS  pri  – R bond
(10)
The extra advantage of the split sense configuration is that it improves the THD. The peak
current drawn from the mains is shifted towards the middle of the half-mains period.
The disadvantage of using the split sense configuration in a buck converter is obvious.
The bus voltage and the LED voltage determine the duty cycle. So the line regulation and
load regulation is worse than for a single sense resistor application. The line regulation
and load regulation are not affected in a buck boost converter application that uses split
sense.
For the SSL5231BDB1289 demo board, the maximum peak current is limited to
Ipeak(reg) = 1.33 A, according to:
V I  max ISNS
I peak  reg  = ------------------------------------------------------R ISNS  pri  + R ISNS  sec 
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
6.4 Dimmer zero level restore circuit
When the rectified AC line voltage drops to below the LED voltage, a buck
converter-based application stops switching. The impedance towards the mains becomes
high ohmic. To suppress peak voltages, most dimmers incorporate a filter capacitor in
parallel to the switching device. Because the buck converter becomes high ohmic, this
capacitor is not discharged properly. It remains charged to the LED voltage. If this
capacitor is not discharged properly, deep dimming is hampered. The dimmer may not
have a stable and small phase cut.
To overcome this problem, the circuit around transistor Q4 builds a discharge circuit or
zero level restore circuit. It is not a bleeder circuit as it does not maintain the dimmer hold
current. Transistor Q4 is set to conduct a maximum current of 20 mA. This current is set
with:
V be  Q2  + V R5
I C  Q4  = --------------------------------R6
(12)
The Vbe voltage of transistor Q2 + the voltage across R5 is 0.6 V typical. Transistor Q2
regulates the current of transistor Q4.
R5
When the voltage on Vrect exceeds VLED, in this case 50 V, the voltage divider -------------------R4 + R5
turns off transistor Q4. So transistor Q4 does not overheat and no efficiency decrease
occurs.
Capacitor C4 is used to reduce the control bandwidth. So transistor Q4 does not oscillate
at a high frequency, improving the conducted EMI significantly.
Resistor R10 supplies the zero restore circuit is supplied from the LED voltage. When the
zero level restore circuit is not used, resistor R10 must be connected to GND.
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
7. Performance
The performance was measured using an LED load with a 48 V forward at a 440 mA LED
output current. Figure 7 to Figure 12 show the performance data.
7.1 Efficiency
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Fig 7.
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Efficiency as a function of AC mains input voltage
7.2 Power Factor
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Fig 8.
UM10874
User manual
9PDLQV9
Power factor as a function of AC mains input voltage
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
7.3 Line regulation
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Fig 9.
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Output current as a function of AC mains input voltage
7.4 Load regulation
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(1) 138 Vmains
(2) 120 V
(3) 96 V (dimmed output)
Fig 10. Output current as a function of output voltage at nominal mains
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
7.5 Dim curves
Figure 11 shows the output current when a leading-edge dimmer or a trailing-edge
dimmer is used. The output current without dimmer is also indicated.
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(1) Trailing-edge
(2) Leading-edge
Fig 11. Output current as a function of dimmer angle
Dimming compatibility includes smooth dimming without any flashing or flickering effects
across the complete dimming range. The SSL5231BDB1289 demo board has been tested
with a wide selection of dimmers. It is compatible with most leading-edge and
trailing-edge dimmers on the market.
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
7.6 ElectroMagnetic Interference (EMI)
The ElectroMagnetic Interference (EMI) was measured according to the FCC15 class B
standard. The board complies with the requirements. Figure 12 shows the measurement
results.
a. AC mains (Live)
b. AC mains (Neutral)
Fig 12. Conducted EMI performance
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
7.7 Thermal images
The thermal images are taken after a settling time of 1 hour and in dimmed and undimmed
conditions.
a. 18 W no dimming top view;
Hottest spot: The buck inductor L2
b. 18 W no dimming bottom view;
Hottest spot: the SSL5231BT
c. 90 leading-edge dimmed top view;
Hottest spot: Latch resistor R7
d. 90 leading-edge dimmed bottom
view; Hottest spot: Diode D2
e. Dimming to 15 W; Hottest spot: Diode D2
Fig 13. Thermal images
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
8. Protections
The IC incorporates the following protections:
•
•
•
•
•
•
UnderVoltage Lockout (UVLO)
Cycle-by-cycle OverCurrent Protection (OCP)
Internal OverTemperature Protection (OTP)
Cycle-by-cycle maximum on-time protection
Output OverVoltage Protection (OVP)
Output Short Protection (OSP)
For more detailed information about the IC protections, see the SSL5231BT data sheet
(Ref. 1).
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NXP Semiconductors
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9. Schematic
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Fig 14. SSL5231BDB1289 minimum component count schematic diagram
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
Rev. 1 — 23 April 2015
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
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UM10874
NXP Semiconductors
SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
10. Bill Of Materials (BOM)
Table 2.
SSL5231BDB1289 demo board full BOM
Reference
Description and values
Part number
BD1
bridge rectifier; 1 kV; 500 mA
MD5S
Rectron
C1
capacitor; 22 nF; 5 %; 400 V; PET; THT
ECQE4223JF
Panasonic
C2
capacitor; 220 nF; 5 %; 450 V; PET; THT
ECWF2W224JAQ
Panasonic
C3
capacitor; 330 nF; 10 %; 450 V; PET; THT ECWFD2W334KQ
Panasonic
-
Manufacturer
C4
capacitor; 2.2 nF; 10 %; 50 V; X7R; 0603
C5
capacitor; 2.2 F; 10 %; 6.3 V; X7R; 0603 C1608X7R0J225K080AB
TDK
C6
capacitor; 4.7 F; 10 %; 25 V; X7R; 0805
TDK
C7
capacitor; 150 nF; 10 %; 50 V; X7R; 0603 -
-
C8; C9
capacitor; mount horizontal; 330 F;
20 %; 63 V; ALU; THT
UPW1J331MHD
Nichicon
C10
capacitor; 68 pF; 1 %; 500 V; C0G; 0805
CBR08C680FCGAC
KEMET
C11; C13
capacitor; 220 pF; 5 %; 500 V; C0G; 1206 12067A221JAT2A
AVX
C12
capacitor; 3.3 nF; 10 %; 100 V; X7R; 0603 -
-
D1
diode; 280 V; 1 A
S1G-E3/61T
Vishay
D2
diode; TVS; 15 V
PESD15VL1BA
NXP Semiconductors
D3
diode; 600 V; 1 A
MURS160-E3-52T
Vishay
D4
diode; 100 V; 300 mA
1N4148W-7-F
Diode Inc.
D5
diode; zener; 68 V; 300 mA
BZX384-C68
NXP Semiconductors
F1
fuse; slow-blow; 1 A
MST 1A 250V
Multicomp
L1
inductor; mount horizontal; 3.3 mH;
280 mA
744772332
Würth Elektronik
L2
transformer; 350 H; 5 %
750341594
Würth Elektronik
L3
inductor; 3.3 mH; 190 mA
13R335C
Murata
Q1
MOSFET-N; 650 V; 1.8 A
SPD02N60C3
Infineon
C2012X7R1E475K125AB
-
Q2
transistor; NPN; 45 V; 100 mA
BC847B
NXP Semiconductors
Q4
transistor; NPN; 400 V; 300 mA
KSPA44TA
Fairchild
R1
resistor; 10 ; 10 %; 2 W; THT
EMC2-10RK
Welwyn Components
R2
resistor; 560 ; 5 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
R4
resistor; 820 k; 1 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
R5
resistor; 10 k; 1 %; 63 mW; 0603
-
-
R6
resistor; 33 ; 1 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
R7
resistor; 470 ; 5 %; 2 W; THT
ROX2SJ470R
TE Connectivity
R8
resistor; 750 k; 1 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
R9
resistor; 27 k; 1 %; 63 mW; 0603
-
-
R10
resistor; 39 k; 1 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
R11
resistor; 1.3 M; 1 %; 63 mW; 0603
-
-
R12; R13;
R14; R15
resistor; 1.3 ; 1 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
R16
resistor; 220 ; 1 %; 63 mW; 0603
-
-
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User manual
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
Table 2.
SSL5231BDB1289 demo board full BOM …continued
Reference
Description and values
Part number
Manufacturer
R17
resistor; 5.6 k; 1 %; 63 mW; 0603
-
-
R18; R19
resistor; 180 k; 1 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
R20
resistor; 4.7 k; 1 %; 250 mW; 1206
-
-
RV1
resistor; VDR; 150 V; 20 J
VDRS07H150BSE
Vishay
U1
dimmable LED Driver; SSL5231BT
SSL5231BT
NXP Semiconductors
WB1
wire bridge; 0.8 mm; P = 5.08 mm
923345-02
3M
X1; X2
connector; terminal block; 5.00 mm
1715022
Phoenix Contact
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User manual
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SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
11. Board layout
Figure 15 shows the SSL5231BDB1289 demo board layout and assembly on both sides.
Inductors L1, L2, and L3 can be mounted either vertically or horizontally.
a. Top view
b. Bottom view
Fig 15. SSL5231BDB1289 demo board assembly
UM10874
User manual
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Rev. 1 — 23 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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UM10874
NXP Semiconductors
SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
12. Inductor specifications
12.1 Inductor layout and dimensions
SDUWPXVWLQVHUWIXOO\WR
VXUIDFH$LQUHFRPPHQGHGJULG
‘
$
PD[
PD[
PD[
GRWORFDWHV
WHUP
ORWFRGHDQGGDWHFRGH
WHUPQR
VIRUUHIRQO\
‘
UHFRPPHQGHG
SFSDWWHUQFRPSRQHQWVLGH
'LPHQVLRQVLQPP
DDD
(1) Dimensions in mm.
Fig 16. Inductor layout and dimensions
12.2 Electrical specifications
Table 3.
Test specifications
At 25 C unless stated otherwise
Parameter
Test conditions
Value
DC resistance; 6 to 2
at 20 C
0.717  maximum
DC resistance; 4 to 7
at 20 C
0.272  maximum
Inductance; 6 to 2
20 kHz; 1 V (AC); La
350 H; 5 %
Dielectric; 2 to 4
1800 V (AC); 1 second
-
Turns ratio
(6 to 2):(4 to 7)
6:1 2 %
Remark: Operating temperature range: 40 C to +125 C including temperature range.
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Rev. 1 — 23 April 2015
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NXP Semiconductors
SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
13. Abbreviations
Table 4.
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
EMI
ElectroMagnetic Interference
LE
Leading-Edge
LED
Light-Emitting Diode
MELF
Metal Electrode Leadless Face
MOSFET
Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor
OCP
OverCurrent Protection
OSP
Output Short Protection
OTP
OverTemperature Protection
OVP
OverVoltage Protection
PF
Power Factor
SMD
Surface-Mounted Devices
SSL
Solid-State Lighting
TE
Trailing-Edge
THD
Total Harmonic Distortion
UVLO
UnderVoltage LockOut
14. References
UM10874
User manual
[1]
SSL5231BT data sheet — Compact high power factor dimmable LED driver IC
[2]
AN11618 application note — SSL523XT buck-boost controller
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 1 — 23 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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UM10874
NXP Semiconductors
SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
15. Legal information
15.1 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
15.2 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
Evaluation products — This product is provided on an “as is” and “with all
faults” basis for evaluation purposes only. NXP Semiconductors, its affiliates
and their suppliers expressly disclaim all warranties, whether express, implied
or statutory, including but not limited to the implied warranties of
non-infringement, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The
entire risk as to the quality, or arising out of the use or performance, of this
product remains with customer.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors, its affiliates or their suppliers be liable
to customer for any special, indirect, consequential, punitive or incidental
damages (including without limitation damages for loss of business, business
interruption, loss of use, loss of data or information, and the like) arising out
the use of or inability to use the product, whether or not based on tort
(including negligence), strict liability, breach of contract, breach of warranty or
any other theory, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever (including without limitation, all damages referenced above and
all direct or general damages), the entire liability of NXP Semiconductors, its
affiliates and their suppliers and customer’s exclusive remedy for all of the
foregoing shall be limited to actual damages incurred by customer based on
reasonable reliance up to the greater of the amount actually paid by customer
for the product or five dollars (US$5.00). The foregoing limitations, exclusions
and disclaimers shall apply to the maximum extent permitted by applicable
law, even if any remedy fails of its essential purpose.
Safety of high-voltage evaluation products — The non-insulated high
voltages that are present when operating this product, constitute a risk of
electric shock, personal injury, death and/or ignition of fire. This product is
intended for evaluation purposes only. It shall be operated in a designated
test area by personnel that is qualified according to local requirements and
labor laws to work with non-insulated mains voltages and high-voltage
circuits.
The product does not comply with IEC 60950 based national or regional
safety standards. NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability for
damages incurred due to inappropriate use of this product or related to
non-insulated high voltages. Any use of this product is at customer’s own risk
and liability. The customer shall fully indemnify and hold harmless NXP
Semiconductors from any liability, damages and claims resulting from the use
of the product.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
15.3 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
GreenChip — is a trademark of NXP Semiconductors N.V.
UM10874
User manual
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Rev. 1 — 23 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
24 of 25
UM10874
NXP Semiconductors
SSL5231BDB1289 120 V 18 W dimmable buck non-isolated LED driver
16. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.4
7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
8
9
10
11
12
12.1
12.2
13
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
16
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Safety warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Board photographs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Board connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Functional description and options . . . . . . . . . 7
Input filtering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Open-load protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
IC not operating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
IC operating with OVP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
LED current and sense resistor . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Single resistor sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Split resistor sensing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Dimmer zero level restore circuit . . . . . . . . . . 11
Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Efficiency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Power Factor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Line regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Load regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Dim curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
ElectroMagnetic Interference (EMI) . . . . . . . . 15
Thermal images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Protections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Bill Of Materials (BOM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Board layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Inductor specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Inductor layout and dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Electrical specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 23 April 2015
Document identifier: UM10874
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