ML610Q400 Series Sample Program AP Notes For SSIO

ML610Q400 Series Sample Program AP Notes For SSIO
SQ003116E003
ML610Q400 Series
Sample Program AP Notes
For
SSIO Application
2nd edition
Issue Date : April 16,2010
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1
Table of Contents
1.
OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................................................. 3
1.1. SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................................................. 4
1.2. LIST OF FOLDERS AND FILES ............................................................................................................................. 5
1.3. BUILD PROCEDURE ............................................................................................................................................ 6
1.4. RESTRICTIONS ................................................................................................................................................... 8
1.4.1.
About Available Functional Modules .................................................................................................... 8
1.4.2.
About Display Area of LCD panel ......................................................................................................... 9
2.
DESCRIPTION OF FUNCTIONAL MODULES ............................................................................................... 10
2.1. SSIO MODULE ................................................................................................................................................. 10
2.1.1.
Function Overview ................................................................................................................................ 11
2.1.2.
Operating Conditions............................................................................................................................ 11
2.1.3.
Sample of Use ....................................................................................................................................... 12
2.1.3.1.
Transmission Procedure.............................................................................................................. 12
2.1.3.2.
Reception Procedure ................................................................................................................... 14
2.1.3.3.
Transmission/Reception Procedure........................................................................................... 16
3.
DESCRIPTION OF THE SAMPLE PROGRAM ............................................................................................... 18
3.1.
3.2.
OPERATION CONDITIONS ................................................................................................................................. 18
FUNCTION OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................................... 18
2
1.
OverView
This document describes the application programming notes (hereafter called the AP notes) arranged to help customers
develop software that, by using the synchronous serial port (SSIO), which is hardware that the ML610Q400 Series
MCU (hereafter called the MCU) has, performs SPI communication.
APIs are provided for each function module. The AP notes describe the functions and operating conditions of each API
and samples of use of those APIs.
In connection with the AP notes, a sample program is provided that actually operates using APIs on ML610Q400 Series
Demo Kit.
Related Documents
The following are the related documents. Read them as required.
ML610Q400 Series Sample Program API Manual
ML610Q431/ML610Q432 User’s Manual
ML610Q411/ML610Q412/ML610Q415 User’s Manual
ML610Q421/ML610Q422 User’s Manual
ML610Q482 User’s Manual
ML610Q435/ML610Q436 User’s Manual
ML610Q400 Series Demo Kit Hardware User’s Manual
nX-U8/100 Core Instruction Manual
MACU8 Assembler Package User’s Manual
CCU8 User’s Manual
CCU8 Programming Guide
CCU8 Language Reference
DTU8 User’s Manual
IDEU8 User’s Manual
uEASE User’s Manual
uEASE Connection Manual ML610Qxxx
FWuEASE Flash Writer Host Program User’s Manual
LCD Image Tool User’s Manual
3
1.1.
Software Configuration
Figure 1-1 shows the software configuration.
Sample Program
RTC
Module
LCD
Module
SSIO
Module
Timer
Module
Clock
Module
Software
Hardware
RTC
LCD
Driver
SSIO
Timer
Clock
U8 internal functions
External components
LCD
Panel
ML610Q400 Series Demo Board
PC
Figure 1-1
Software Configuration
4
1.2.
List of Folders and Files
The folders and the files are as listed below.
[ssio]
├ [clock]
…Clock control module folder
│ ├ clock.c
│ ├ clock.h
│ ├ clock_sysFunc.c
│ └ clock_sysFunc.h
├ [common]
…General-purpose function module folder
│ ├ common.c
│ └ common.h
├ [irq]
…Interrupt control module folder
│ ├ irq.c
│ └ irq.h
├ [lcd]
…LCD display control module folder
│ ├ LCD.c
│ ├ LCD.h
│ ├ U8_Sample.tac
│ └ U8_Sample.tbc
├ [main]
…Sample program main folder
│ ├ [mcu_large]
│ │ └ mcu.h
│ ├ [mcu_small]
│ │ └ mcu.h
│ ├ main.c
│ ├ main.h
│ ├ S610431SW.asm
│ └ S610435LW.asm
├ [rtc]
…Real-time clock control module folder
│ ├ rtc.c
│ └ rtc.h
├ [ssio]
…SSIO module folder
│ ├ ssio.c
│ └ ssio.h
├ [tbc]
…Time base counter control module folder
│ ├ tbc.c
│ └ tbc.h
├ [timer]
…Timer control module folder
├ timer.c
│ └ timer.h
├ readme.txt
… Description of compile options
├ U8_Ssio_Sample_Large.PID
… Project file for large model MCU
└ U8_Ssio_Sample_Small.PID
… Project file for large model MCU
5
1.3.
Build Procedure
1 Start IDEU8, select the menu “Open” and open the project file (PID file). In the case that MCU memory model is
small model, the project file is “U8_Ssio_Sample_Small.PID”. In the case of large model, the project file is
“U8_Ssio_Sample_Large.PID”. Correspondence of MCU and PID file is shown below.
Table 1-1 Correspondence of MCU and PID file
Supported MCU
U8_Rtc_Sample_Small.PID
ML610Q431/432
ML610Q421/422
ML610Q411/412/415
ML610Q482
U8_Rtc_Sample_Large.PID
ML610Q435/436
2 In the default setting, ML610Q431 is set as the target MCU.
If your target MCU is different, follow the procedure below to change the setting.
(1) Select the menu “Project” -> “Option” -> “Compile/Assemble”.
(2) In the displayed window, select the target MCU from the “Target microcontroller” list in the “General”
tab.
(3) Remove the startup file “S610431SW.asm“ registered in the file tree of IDEU8. Instead of that, register
your target MCU’s startup file. (In the case of ML610Q432, it is S610432SW.asm.)
(4) Define the macro that represents the target MCU.
Select the menu “Project” -> “Option” -> “Compile/Assemble” -> ”Macro”tab. In the displayed window,
define the macro like following name.
_ML610Q4XX
About the “XX” part, replace with the type number of MCU
For example, if ML610Q432 is used, define the following macro.
_ML610Q432
In the case that the macro other than the type number in the above Table 1-1 is defined, the case that
macro such as above is not defined, or the case that the memory model that is supported by PID file is
different from the memory model of MCU that is defined by the above macro, the compiler issues the
following error at the beginning of the output messages.
Error : E2000 : #error : “Unknown target MCU”
(5) If necessary, modify other macro definitions.
About the available macro definitions, see the “readme.txt” in the sample program folder.
- For ML610Q43X series MCU
LCD_TYPE = 1
_RTC_TYPE or _SOFTWARE_RTC
_SSIO_P46_P45_P44
(Please define, if you want to use P46, P45 and P44 for SSIO port.)
_SSIO_MASTER_MODE
(Please define, if you want to operate SSIO as the master mode.)
SSIO_TRANS_MODE_INI = 1 or 2 or 3
- For ML610Q42X series MCU
LCD_TYPE = 1
_SOFTWARE_RTC
_SSIO_P46_P45_P44
(Please define, if you want to use P46, P45 and P44 for SSIO port.)
_SSIO_MASTER_MODE
(Please define, if you want to operate SSIO as the master mode.)
SSIO_TRANS_MODE_INI = 1 or 2 or 3
- For ML610Q41X series MCU
LCD_TYPE = 0
_SOFTWARE_RTC
_SSIO_P46_P45_P44
(Please define, if you want to use P46, P45 and P44 for SSIO port.)
_SSIO_MASTER_MODE
(Please define, if you want to operate SSIO as the master mode.)
SSIO_TRANS_MODE_INI = 1 or 2 or 3
- For ML610Q41X series MCU
_SOFTWARE_RTC
_SSIO_P46_P45_P44
(Please define, if you want to use P46, P45 and P44 for SSIO port.)
_SSIO_MASTER_MODE
(Please define, if you want to operate SSIO as the master mode.)
SSIO_TRANS_MODE_INI = 1 or 2 or 3
6
3 Select the menu “Project” -> “Rebuild”. Then the build procssing for the sample program starts.
4 When the build processing is completed, .abs file is generated in the project folder and .hex file is generated in
_output¥hex folder.
7
1.4.
Restrictions
1.4.1.
About Available Functional Modules
In the functional modules that compose this sample program, the available functional modules are different by target
MCU, due to the difference of MCU peripherals. In the case that these functional modules are applied to user
application, available functional modules on each MCU are shown below.
Table 1-2 List of available functional modules
Supported MCU
SSIO Module
Functional
modules
RTC Control
Module *2
Hardware RTC
Software RTC
LCD Display Control Module *3
Timer Control Module *3
Clock Control Module *3
ML610Q43X ML610Q42X ML610Q41X
○
○
○
○
×
×
○
○
○
○
○ *1
○ *1
○
○
○
○
○
○
ML610Q48X
○
×
○
×
○
○
○ : Available
× : Not available
*1: All display area of LCD panel can not be available, because the number of SEG pin that is connected to LCD panel
is not enough.
*2: For the details of these modules, please see the “ML610Q400 Series Sample Program AP Notes For RTC
Application”.
*3: For the details of these modules, please see the “ML610Q400 Series Sample Program AP Notes For
Sensor/Mesurement Application”.
8
1.4.2.
About Display Area of LCD panel
The display area of LCD panel is different by each MCU as follows, because of the specification difference of LCD
driver.
* It is requred for displaying all areas of LCD panel that LCD driver supports 64seg×4com pins at least. The number of
COM/SEG pin that LCD driver in each MCU supports is listed in parenthesis.
ML610Q43X: All area can be displayed.
(ML610Q431: 64seg×16com, ML610Q432: 64seg×24com)
ML610Q42X: Only the area of 1, 2 and 4 can be displayed.
(ML610Q421: 50seg×8com, ML610Q422: 50seg×16com)
ML610Q41X: Only the area of 1 and 2 can be displayed.
(ML610Q411: 36seg×4com, ML610Q412: 44seg×4com, ML610Q415: 36seg×4com)
ML610Q48X: All area can not be displayed, because ML610Q48X does not have LCD driver.
9
2.
Description of Functional Modules
2.1.
SSIO Module
This LSI includes one channel of the 8/16-bit synchronous serial port (SSIO) and can also be used to control the device
incorporated with the SPI interface by using one GPIO as the chip enable pin.
SIO0INT
P41/SCK0
P45/SCK0
P40/SIN0
P44/SIN0
T32KHZ
to
T128HZ
TBC 1/4 HSCLK
to
1/64 HSCLK
P41/SCK0
P45/SCK0
Shift register
8bits/16bits
Transmit register
SIO0TRH,L
Control circuit
SIO0CON
SIO0MOD0
SIO0MOD1
P42/SOUT0
P46/SOUT0
Receive register
SIO0RCH,L
LSB/MSB control
SIO0BUFH, SIO0BUFL
Data bus
SIO0BUFL
SIO0BUFH
SIO0CON
SIO0MOD0
SIO0MOD1
: Serial port transmit/receive buffer L
: Serial port transmit/receive buffer H
: Serial port control register
: Serial port mode register 0
: Serial port mode register 1
Figure 2-1
Configuration of Synchronous Serial Port
Table 2-1 List of Pins
Pin name
I/O
Description
P40/SIN0
P44/SIN0
I
Receive data input.
Used for the tertiary function of the P40 and P44 pins.
P41/SCK0
P45/SCK0
I/O
Synchronous clock input/output.
Used for the tertiary function of the P41 and P45 pins.
P42/SOUT0
P46/SOUT0
O
Transmit data output.
Used for the tertiary function of the P42 and P46 pins.
* For details, refer to the chapter “Synchronous Serial Port” of the User’s Manual for your target MCU.
10
2.1.1.
Function Overview
The SSIO module controls the synchronous serial port (SSIO) of the MCU.
Table 3-9 lists the SSIO module APIs used in the sample program.
Table 2-2 List of APIs
Function name
Description
ssio_init function
Selects the transfer clock and mode (8/16-bit buffer length, clock output phase,
LSB/MSB first, and so on).
ssio_start function
ssio_stop function
ssio_checkIRQ function
ssio_clearIRQ function
ssio_continue function
Executes synchronous serial communication start processing.
Executes synchronous serial communication stop processing.
Confirms whether a synchronous serial port interrupt occurs.
Clears a synchronous serial port interrupt request.
Executes synchronous serial communication continuation processing.
2.1.2.
Operating Conditions
This section describes the operating conditions and valid range of this module. It also describes the restrictions on this
module.
Transfer clock
8 types (LSCLK:32/16KHz, HSCLK:1/4 1/8 1/16 1/32, EXCLK:0/1)
Bit order
2 types (LSB/MSB first)
Bit length
2 types (8/16 bit)
Transmission/reception mode 4 modes (Stop, Transmit, Receive, Transmit/Receive)
Notes:
If HSCLK is selected as the transfer clock, it is necessary to set HSCLK configuration before the communication
starts.
SSIO ports use the same ports which are used by I2C and UART communication. In the case of using SSIO module
with I2C module or UART module together, please be careful about these port assignments.
In default, P42(SOUT0:data output), P41(SCK0:clock input/output) and P40(SIN0:data input) are enabled to use. But
when the macro “_SSIO_P46_P45_P44” is defined, P46(SOUT0:data output), P45(SCK0:clock input/output) and
P44(SIN0:data input) are enabled.
11
2.1.3.
Sample of Use
The following subsections describe the procedure for performing data transmission/reception using the SSIO module.
2.1.3.1. Transmission Procedure
Shown below is the procedure for performing data transmission using the SSIO module.
Main Routine
1)
Set HSCLK
Synchronous serial port interrupt (SIO0INT)
2)
Initialize SSIO module
ssio_init function
3)
Start N-byte transmission
ssio_start function
Continue N-byte transmission
ssio_continue function
Upon completion N-byte transmission
1)
4)
Processing upon
completion N-byte
transmission
(callback function)
Terminate transmission
ssio_stop function
Figure 2-2
SSIO Data Transmission Procedure
12
[Main Routine]
1) Set HSCLK.
¾ If HSCLK is selected as the transfer clock, it is necessary to set HSCLK configuration before SSIO module
initialization.
2) Initialize the SSIO module.
¾ Set the following communication conditions and initialize the SSIO module:
1 Select the transfer clock from the table below.
1
LSCLK(32KHz)
2
1/2 LSCLK(16KHz)
3
1/4 HSCLK(125KHz@500KHz)
4
1/8 HSCLK([email protected])
5
6
1/16 HSCLK([email protected])
7
EXCLK 0(P41)
1/32 HSCLK([email protected])
8
EXCLK 1(P45)
* To initialize MCU as master mode, select one of the numbers from 1 to 6. To initialize as slave mode, select
the number 7 (P42/P41/40 pin is used) or the number 8 (P46/P45/44 pin is used).
2 Select the clock output phase (“H” or “L” for the default level).
3 Select the bit order (LSB first or MSB first).
4 Select the buffer length (8bit or 16bit).
3) Start N-byte transmission.
¾ Specify the following transmit data information in the designated parameters of the ssio_start function and start
transmission.
1 Operation mode, that is, “Transmission”
2 Initial address of the area that contains transmit data
3 Transmit data size (in bytes)
* If the buffer length is 16 bit, specify the value by caluculating that 1 word equals 2 bytes.
For example, in the case of 10 word data tramsmission, the transmit data size is 20 bytes.
4 Processing to be executed upon completion of transmission of N bytes of data (callback function specified)
4) Terminate transmission.
¾ Terminate transmission using the ssio_stop function. Transmission can be terminated whether in the middle of
N-byte transmission or after N-byte transmission completion.
[Synchronous serial port Interrupt (SIO0INT)]
1)
Continue N-byte data transmission
¾ Transmits data each time the ssio_continue function is executed based on the communication data information
specified in step 3) above, “Start N-byte transmission”, by the ssio_start function. When 1 byte of data is
transmitted, the Synchronous serial port Interrupt interrupt occurs again at the time of transmission termination
of that 1-byte data. This will continue N-byte data transmission.
¾ When N-byte data transmission is completed, the “Processing to be executed upon completion of transmission of
N bytes of data (callback function)” specified in “Start N-byte transmission” (ssio_start function) above, is
executed.
13
2.1.3.2. Reception Procedure
Shown below is the procedure for performing data reception using the SSIO module.
Figure 2-3
SSIO Data Reception Procedure
14
[Main Routine]
1) Set HSCLK.
¾ If HSCLK is selected as the transfer clock, it is necessary to set HSCLK configuration before SSIO module
initialization.
2) Initialize the SSIO module.
¾ Set the following communication conditions and initialize the SSIO module:
1 Select the transfer clock from the table below.
1
LSCLK(32KHz)
2
1/2 LSCLK(16KHz)
3
1/4 HSCLK(125KHz@500KHz)
4
1/8 HSCLK([email protected])
5
6
1/16 HSCLK([email protected])
7
EXCLK 0(P41)
1/32 HSCLK([email protected])
8
EXCLK 1(P45)
* To initialize MCU as master mode, select one of the numbers from 1 to 6. To initialize as slave mode, select
the number 7 (P42/P41/40 pin is used) or the number 8 (P46/P45/44 pin is used).
2 Select the clock output phase (“H” or “L” for the default level).
3 Select the bit order (LSB first or MSB first).
4 Select the buffer length (8bit or 16bit).
3) Start N-byte reception.
¾ Specify the following receive data information in the designated parameters of the ssio_start function and start
transmission.
1 Operation mode, that is, “Reception”
2 Initial address of the area that contains receive data
3 Receive data size (in bytes)
* If the buffer length is 16 bit, specify the value by caluculating that 1 word equals 2 bytes.
For example, in the case of 10 word data reception, the receive data size is 20 bytes.
4 Processing to be executed upon completion of reception of N bytes of data (callback function specified)
4) Terminate reception.
¾ Terminate reception using the ssio_stop function. Reception can be terminated whether in the middle of N-byte
reception or after N-byte reception completion.
[Synchronous serial port Interrupt (SIO0INT)]
1)
Continue N-byte data reception
¾ Receives data each time the ssio_continue function is executed based on the communication data information
specified in step 3) above, “Start N-byte reception”, by the ssio_start function.
¾ When N-byte data reception is completed, the “Processing to be executed upon completion of reception of N
bytes of data (callback function)” specified in “Start N-byte reception” (ssio_start function) above, is executed.
15
2.1.3.3. Transmission/Reception Procedure
Shown below is the procedure for performing data transmission/reception (Bi-directional comminucation) using the
SSIO module.
Main Routine
1)
Set HSCLK
Synchronous serial port interrupt (SIO0INT)
2)
3)
Initialize SSIO module
ssio_init function
Continue N-byte transmission/reception
ssio_continue function
Start N-byte transmission/reception
ssio_start function
Upon completion of N-byte
transmission/reception
1)
4)
Processing upon
completion of N-byte
transmission/reception
(callback function)
Terminate transmission/reception
ssio_stop function
Figure 2-4
SSIO Data Transmission/Reception Procedure
16
[Main Routine]
1) Set HSCLK.
¾ If HSCLK is selected as the transfer clock, it is necessary to set HSCLK configuration before SSIO module
initialization.
2) Initialize the SSIO module.
¾ Set the following communication conditions and initialize the SSIO module:
1 Select the transfer clock from the table below.
1
LSCLK(32KHz)
2
1/2 LSCLK(16KHz)
3
1/4 HSCLK(125KHz@500KHz)
4
1/8 HSCLK([email protected])
5
6
1/16 HSCLK([email protected])
7
EXCLK 0(P41)
1/32 HSCLK([email protected])
8
EXCLK 1(P45)
* To initialize MCU as master mode, select one of the numbers from 1 to 6. To initialize as slave mode, select
the number 7 (P42/P41/40 pin is used) or the number 8 (P46/P45/44 pin is used).
2 Select the clock output phase (“H” or “L” for the default level).
3 Select the bit order (LSB first or MSB first).
4 Select the buffer length (8bit or 16bit).
3) Start N-byte transmission/reception.
¾ Specify the following transmit/receive data information in the designated parameters of the ssio_start function
and start transmission.
1 Operation mode, that is, “Transmission/Reception”
2 Initial address of the area that contains transmit data
3 Initial address of the area that contains receive data
4 Transmit/Receive data size (in bytes)
* If the buffer length is 16 bit, specify the value by caluculating that 1 word equals 2 bytes.
For example, in the case of 10 word data transmission/reception, the data size is 20 bytes.
5 Processing to be executed upon completion of transmission/reception of N bytes of data (callback function
specified)
4) Terminate transmission/reception.
¾ Terminate transmission/reception using the ssio_stop function. Transmission/reception can be terminated
whether in the middle of N-byte transmission/reception or after N-byte transmission/reception completion.
[Synchronous serial port Interrupt (SIO0INT)]
1)
Continue N-byte data transmission/reception
¾ Transmits and receives data each time the ssio_continue function is executed based on the communication data
information specified in step 3) above, “Start N-byte transmission/reception”, by the ssio_start function. When 1
byte of data is transmitted and received, the Synchronous serial port Interrupt interrupt occurs again at the time
of transmission/reception termination of that 1-byte data. This will continue N-byte data transmission/reception.
¾ When N-byte data transmission/reception is completed, the “Processing to be executed upon completion of
transmission/reception of N bytes of data (callback function)” specified in “Start N-byte transmission/reception”
(ssio_start function) above, is executed.
17
3.
Description of the Sample Program
3.1.
Operation conditions
1) System clock
• SYSCLK=HSCLK (RC oscillation mode 500 kHz)
* About the other conditions and the peripheral circuit, please see “ML610Q400 Series Demo Kit Hardware User’s
Manual”.
3.2.
Function Overview
This sample program can be changed its operation mode, depending on the setting of communication parameters.
The communication parameters can be set by changing the compile options and the macro (#define) definitions. The
example is shown below.
1. Change of master/slave
When a compile option defines “_SSIO_MASTER_MODE”, the program runs as a master.
2. Specification in initial operation mode. (e.g. transmission or reception mode)
The definition of “_SSIO_TRANS_MODE_INI” in the compile option specifies the first operation mode. The
following shows the value which is defined as “_SSIO_TRANS_MODE_INI” (it corresponds to the value which is set
to S0MD1 and S0MD0.)
0:
1:
2:
3:
The SSIO function cannot be used.
The SSIO operation mode of 1(=receive) can be used.
The SSIO operation mode of 2(=transmit) can be used.
The SSIO operation mode of 3(=transmit/receive) can be used.
3. Communication setup
The following macro definitions in main.c are changed for communication setup.
Clock:
Clock phase:
LSB/MSB first:
Buffer mode:
SSIO_SETTING_CLOCK
SSIO_SETTING_CLOCK_TYPE
SSIO_SETTING_ENDIAN
SSIO_SETTING_BUFFER_MODE
The values, which can be used to define the above macro, are defined in ssio.h. (SSIO_CLK_HS4 etc.)
4. Transmitting and receiving data setting
The number of transmitting data :
Specified as the definition value of “SSIO_TX_SIZE”.
(In the case of the 16-bit mode, the number of WORD is specified.)
The number of receiving data :
Specified as the definition value of SSIO_RX_SIZE.
(In the case of the 16-bit mode, the number of WORD is specified)
Transmitting data :
Specified as the data in _ssioTxBuf/_ssioTxWordBuf variable.
It can be changed into arbitrary values.
18
Revision History
19
Revision History
Page
Edition
Date
1
2009.6.26
2
2010.4.16
Description
Previous
Edition
Current
Edition
–
–
First edition
5
5
List of Folders and Files is updated.
6
6-7
Build procedure is updated.
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8-9
Description of Restrictions is added.
20
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