General Ledger (FGL) User Manual

General Ledger (FGL) User Manual
Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger
Oracle FLEXCUBE Universal Banking
Release 11.3.0
[May] [2011]
Oracle Part Number E51536-01
Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger
Table of Contents
1.
ABOUT THIS MANUAL................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1
Audience ............................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1.2
Organization ...................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.3
Related Documents ............................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.1.4
Glossary of Icons ............................................................................................................................... 1-2
2.
ORACLE FLEXCUBE GENERAL LEDGER - AN OVERVIEW............................................................. 2-1
2.1
2.2
3.
MAINTAINING GENERAL LEDGER PARAMETERS ........................................................................... 3-1
3.1
4.
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 2-1
FEATURES OF ORACLE FLEXCUBE GENERAL LEDGER ............................................................................ 2-1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 3-1
SETTING UP THE CHART OF ACCOUNTS............................................................................................. 4-1
4.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2
MAINTAINING CHART OF ACCOUNTS ......................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3
SPECIFYING GENERAL LEDGER DETAILS .................................................................................................... 4-3
4.3.2
Linking a GL to the GAAP Codes ...................................................................................................... 4-6
4.3.3
Specifying Position Details ................................................................................................................ 4-7
4.3.4
Viewing Hierarchy Details ................................................................................................................ 4-9
4.4
MAINTAINING INTER-BRANCH PARAMETERS ............................................................................................. 4-9
4.5
MAINTAINING CURRENCY POSITIONS....................................................................................................... 4-10
4.6
MAINTAINING MIS CLASS DETAILS ......................................................................................................... 4-12
4.7
MAINTAINING ACCOUNTING PERIODS ...................................................................................................... 4-12
4.7.2
Maintaining Transaction Codes ...................................................................................................... 4-14
4.8
IDENTIFYING EXTERNAL SYSTEMS ........................................................................................................... 4-14
4.9
MAINTAINING GAAP ............................................................................................................................... 4-15
4.9.1
Linking a Branch to GAAP Codes ................................................................................................... 4-16
4.9.2
Linking a GL to the GAAP Codes .................................................................................................... 4-18
5.
SYSTEM ACCOUNTS ................................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.1
System Defined Elements ................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.2
Defining SDE Classes........................................................................................................................ 5-3
5.1.3
Defining Number and Date Range Classes........................................................................................ 5-4
5.1.4
Generating System Accounts Manually ............................................................................................. 5-6
5.1.5
Processing System Account Generation ............................................................................................ 5-8
5.1.6
Processing General Ledgers for Customers ...................................................................................... 5-9
5.1.7
Tracking Balances of System Accounts.............................................................................................. 5-9
5.1.8
Tracking General Ledger Balances ................................................................................................. 5-14
5.1.9
Tracking MIS Balances.................................................................................................................... 5-15
5.1.10 Adjusting Balances .......................................................................................................................... 5-15
5.2
QUERYING BALANCES .............................................................................................................................. 5-16
5.2.1
Viewing General Ledger Balances .................................................................................................. 5-17
5.2.2
Viewing General Ledger Book Dated Balances............................................................................... 5-17
5.2.3
Viewing General Ledger Value Dated Balances ............................................................................. 5-19
5.2.4
Viewing Transaction Details ........................................................................................................... 5-20
5.2.5
Viewing Customer MIS Details........................................................................................................ 5-21
5.3
PROCESSING END OF DAY OPERATIONS ................................................................................................... 5-22
5.3.1
Tracking MIS Balances for Revaluation Entries ............................................................................. 5-24
5.3.2
Automatic Financial Closure........................................................................................................... 5-24
5.4
WEB SERVICES AVAILABLE FOR FGLS .................................................................................................... 5-24
6.
PROCESSING FGL ENTRIES...................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2
MAINTAINING TRANSACTION DETAILS ...................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2.1
Maintaining Customer MIS Details ................................................................................................... 6-4
6.3
UPLOADING ENTRIES .................................................................................................................................. 6-5
6.3.1
Upload Details................................................................................................................................... 6-6
6.3.2
Posting Journal Entries ..................................................................................................................... 6-7
7.
SCREEN GLOSSARY .................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.1
FUNCTION ID LIST...................................................................................................................................... 7-1
1. About this Manual
1.1
Introduction
This Manual is designed to help you quickly get acquainted with the Oracle FLEXCUBE General
Ledger (FGL) system of Oracle FLEXCUBE.
It provides an overview to the module and takes you through various steps involved in setting up
FGL structure, Maintenance of system accounts and processing of FGL entries.
You can obtain further information specific to a particular field by placing the cursor on the
relevant field and striking <F1> on the keyboard.
1.1.1 Audience
This manual is intended for the following User/User Roles:
Role
Function
Operations
To define the FGL structure
Operations Managers/Officers
Authorization functions
Financial Control
To generate reports on FGLs
MIS Operators
Generation of reports
1.1.2 Organization
This Manual is organized into the following chapters:
Chapter 1
About this Manual – Gives information on the intended audience. It also lists the
various chapters covered in this User Manual.
Chapter 2
Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger —An Overview is a snapshot of the features
and functionality that the module provides.
Chapter 3
Maintaining General Ledger Parameters – Comprehends the steps involved in
maintaining various parameters for Oracle FLEXCUBE general ledgers.
Chapter 4
Setting up the Chart of Accounts - Details the procedure to set up a GL structure
for your bank.
Chapter 5
System Accounts – Comprehends the process of setting up system accounts and
help you get a break up of the GL balances which provide the details on the
various attributes of each transaction.
Chapter 6
Processing FGL Entries - Details out the steps involved in the process of posting
entries and the role of FGL in easing the task.
1-1
1.1.3 Related Documents

The Oracle FLEXCUBE Procedures User Manual

The Oracle FLEXCUBE Operations User Manual

The Oracle FLEXCUBE Core Services User Manual

The Oracle FLEXCUBE Core Entities User Manual
1.1.4 Glossary of Icons
This User Manual may refer to all or some of the following icons.
Icons
Function
New
Copy
Save
Delete
Unlock
Print
Close
Re-open
Reverse
Template
Roll-over
Hold
Authorize
Liquidate
Exit
Sign-off
Help
Add row
1-2
Icons
Function
Delete row
Option List
Confirm
Enter Query
Execute Query
Refer the Procedures User Manual for further details about the icons.
1-3
2. Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger - An Overview
2.1
Introduction
Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger (FGL) system is the pillar on which various functional
components of Oracle FLEXCUBE rest. Through this single entity you can consolidate and
maintain balances and turnovers of all types of accounts your bank holds. In addition, this module
helps you retrieve the information on the FGLs maintained for your bank.
FGL is a standalone general ledger system with the ability to define chart of accounts. You may
also use this module to keep a complete track of the ledger balances of your organization.
You need to create FGL structure at the bank level and maintain the same at different branches.
This structure helps you consolidate the GL balances and turnovers across modules and
products. You may further retrieve relevant information on the same online.
2.2
Features of Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger
Flexible GL structure
Based on various types of accounts that you maintain at your bank, GLs have been classified into
the following categories:

Asset

Liability

Contingent Asset

Contingent Liability

Income

Expense

Position

Position Equivalent
A Head GL can be assigned any of the above categories. Two Head GLs can have the same
category. All GLs that fall under a Head GL will essentially belong to the category defined for the
Head. Each category can have any number of GLs under it, but the category allocated to a GL
should be assigned at the head of any GL stream. All nodes and leaves by default take the
category of the Head GL to which they report. At no other level, you can assign a category.
Leaf GLs are merely points of contact through which all entries are passed to the nodes. It is at
the nodes that consolidation of all accounting takes place. Therefore, any specification like the
Currency type or GL type though specified at the leaf GL will be applicable only for the respective
node of that leaf. Peripheral activities like linking a customer account to a GL or posting to a GL
can be done only at the leaf.
All your profit and loss entries can be passed in LCY only, however, for reporting purposes you
can also maintain a record of these in any FCY or even in all currencies. This makes it possible to
have multi-currency GLs. Along with this, revaluation of currencies has also been provided.
2-1
3. Maintaining General Ledger Parameters
3.1
Introduction
In Oracle FLEXCUBE, you can maintain GL parameters using ‘General Ledger Parameters
Maintenance’ screen. You can invoke the General Ledger Parameters Maintenance’ screen by
typing ‘EGDGLPRM’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the
adjoining arrow button.
Here, you need to specify the following details:
GL Period Check
You can set GL period check to ‘All’ or ‘Current’. Based on your selection, the system checks for
debit-credit mismatch in the balances of the financial periods. If you select ‘All’, the system runs
the check for all period. Similarly, if you select ‘Current’, the system runs the check for the current
period alone.
Year End PNL GL
Specify the code that identifies the Year End PNL GL. The system uses the said GL for PNL
transfer at the end of the year. All balances in Income and Expense GLs will be moved to the
selected GL in financial period FIN of every financial cycle.
Year End PNL TRN Code
Specify the transaction code to be used while passing PNL entries at the end of the year.
3-1
Auto Gen Position Entry
You may opt for position accounting in general ledger by checking this option. If you check this,
the system will proceed with position accounting and generate the accounting entries.
GL Update Online
If you check this option, the system will update the GL balances regularly by default. However,
you may push this activity to the end of the day by unchecking this option.
MIS Update Online
If you check this option, the system will update the MIS balance online. However, you may push
this activity to the end of the day by unchecking this option.
System Account Update Online
The system updates the system accounts by default. However, you may push this activity to the
end of the day by unchecking this option.
Value Date Balancing Check
If you check this option, the system will check for date wise currency debit / credit balance
mismatches during EOD processes. In case of mismatch, the system will display an error.
Move Balances on SDE Change
There can be cases wherein, a change in the transaction attributes or MIS cause a change in the
system accounts associated with an entry. Under such circumstances, if you have checked this
option, the system will adjusts the accounting entries posted for that particular transaction.
3-2
4. Setting up the Chart of Accounts
4.1
Introduction
Oracle FLEXCUBE supports a multilevel structure for your bank’s Chart of Accounts. You can
create broad groups of accounts in the categories of assets, liabilities, income, expenses, etc.,
and further divide these groups into several levels. The groups at each of these levels are
referred to as GLs. However, there is no limit to the number of levels that can be maintained in
the hierarchical structure of GLs. In Oracle FLEXCUBE, you may create a GL structure as
follows:
4-1
4.2
Maintaining Chart of Accounts
You can maintain a multilevel GL structure using the ‘Chart of Accounts Maintenance’ screen.
You can invoke this screen by typing ‘GLDCHACT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
To define the details of a new GL, click new icon on the toolbar.
GL Code
In Oracle FLEXCUBE, a GL is identified by a code. Enter a unique code to identify the GL that
you are creating. The length and composition of the code depends upon the GL Mask defined in
the ‘Bank-wide Parameters’ Screen. The code that you enter can have a maximum of nine
alphanumeric characters.
Description
You can enter a brief description of the GL in this field. You can use this description for the
internal reference of your bank.
Level
Oracle FLEXCUBE GL can be created in two levels:

Node GL

Leaf GL
A Node GL is one that reports to another GL and has other GLs reporting to it. In the reporting
relationship, if a GL reports to another GL, but no GLs report to it, then it is a Leaf GL. A Head GL
is a Node that does not report to another GL.
The ‘Chart of Accounts Maintenance’ screen is designed with four tabs.
4-2
4.3

General Ledger Details — Under this tab, you can set up a GL, indicate its type, set the
restrictions and define the debit and credit reporting lines.

GAAP Linkages — Using this tab, you can link the GL to various GAAP codes.

Position Details —Under this tab, you can define the position GL to be used for
currencies.

Hierarchy Details – You can view the GL hierarchy connected to the GL that you are
creating.
Specifying General Ledger Details
To define details for a GL, click the tab ‘General Ledger Details’ button on the ‘Chart of Accounts
Maintenance’ screen. The details that you can specify for a GL depend on the type of GL that you
create. If a particular field is disabled, it means that the field is not relevant to the type of GL that
you are creating.
You can capture the following details pertaining to the GL:
Category
GL category can be specified only for a GL head. A Head GL can be assigned any of the
following categories:

Asset

Liability

Contingent Asset

Contingent Liability

Income

Expense
4-3

Position

Position Equivalent
Two Head GLs can have the same category. All GLs that fall under a Head GL will essentially
belong to the category defined for the Head. Each category can have any number of GLs under it.
But, the category allocated to a GL should be assigned at the head of any GL stream; all nodes
and leaves by default take the category of the Head GL to which they report.
General Ledger Type
Based on the way they are used in accounting, FGLs are classified into different types. Choose
one of the following from the option list:

Miscellaneous Credit

Miscellaneous Debit

Inter Branch

Cash

Normal

Revaluation
Parent GL and Description
Specify the parent GL to which the current GL is associated. Select the appropriate one from the
option list. Based on the parent GL selected, the system displays the description.
4.3.1.1 Specifying Position Accounting Details
Positioning Required
If you check this option, the system will pass position entries for the specific general ledger. If you
uncheck it, system will not pass any position entries.
Display on Report With
You may opt to report the currency position under any of the following heads:

Asset

Liability

Separate
Here, ‘Separate’ an independent head, other than Asset or Liability, for reporting currency
positions.
4.3.1.2 Specifying the Restriction Details
You may impose certain restrictions on the usage of the general ledger. Oracle FLEXCUBE
allows you to set the restrictions in the following fields:
Currencies
You may create a GL that takes entries in terms of:

A single currency

All foreign currencies

All currencies
4-4
Select the appropriate option from the dropdown menu. If you choose to impose restriction on a
single currency, you have to specify the restricted currency.
Restricted Currency
If you have chosen to impose restriction on a single currency, specify that currency here. The
option list displays all valid currencies maintained in the system. Select the appropriate one.
Branch Restriction
You can restrict access to the GL for:

Branches only

Head office only

Both branches and head office
Choose the appropriate option as applicable.
Blocked
You may opt to restrict the entries from being posted to a GL by checking this option. You can
aptly use this option to stop entries to a GL temporarily. No entries can be posted into a GL while
it is blocked. You can open a GL marked with blocked status by unchecking the blocked status
box.
This feature is useful as you need not close the GL. Blocking is temporary whereas closure is
permanent.
Back Period Entry Allowed
Using this option, you can regulate the posting of entries into past periods. Check this box to
allow the system to post entries into back periods.
4.3.1.3 Specifying Revaluation Details
You need to set your preferences as to revaluation for all leaf GLs.
Revaluation
Check this option to enable revaluation of foreign currency balances. You can revalue the
balances of asset, liability, contingent asset, and contingent liability GLs. You can also revalue
the balances in Income / Expense GLs. If you indicate that revaluation is applicable, Oracle
FLEXCUBE will revalue the GL during End of Day (EOD) processes.
Reval Split Required
Check this option to indicate that you require trading split for the leaf GL.
4.3.1.4 Specifying Year End Profit and Loss Accounts
In case of income and expense GLs, the system will move the balances in the GLs to year end
profit and loss accounts at the end of every financial cycle. You need to specify the accounts in
the following fields:
4-5
Profit Account and Description
Specify the profit account to which you wish to move the GL balances at the end of the year. The
option list displays all valid profit accounts maintained. Select the appropriate one. Based on the
account selected, the system displays the description.
Loss Account and Description
Specify the loss account to which you wish to move the GL balances at the end of the year. The
option list displays all valid loss accounts maintained. Select the appropriate one. Based on the
account selected, the system displays the description.
4.3.1.5 Specifying Central Bank Reporting Lines
For Central Bank reporting purposes, you should associate a GL with a debit and credit reporting
line.
Debit Line and Description
The Central Bank debit line indicates the line to which an account under a GL should report, if in
debit.
Credit Line and Description
You can indicate the line to which an account under a GL should report, if in credit.
You can select the reporting lines from the option list. The option list displays all lines maintained
in the ‘Reporting Line Maintenance’ screen. Based on the selection, the system displays a
description of each reporting line. The debit and credit reporting lines you define for a leaf can be
the same.
4.3.1.6 Specifying Head Office Reporting Lines
In order to include a GL under a Head Office reporting line, you should associate it with debit and
credit reporting line.
Debit Line
The Head Office debit line indicates the line to which an account under a GL should report, if in
debit.
Credit Line
You can indicate the line to which an account under a GL should report, if in credit.
You can select the reporting lines from the option list. The option list displays all lines maintained
in the ‘Reporting Line Maintenance’ screen. The system displays the description of each reporting
line based on the selection. The debit and credit reporting lines you define for a leaf can be the
same.
Once you have made the required entries save the maintenance.
4.3.2 Linking a GL to the GAAP Codes
You may link a general ledger to one or more GAAP codes using ‘GAAP Linkage’ tab of ‘Chart of
Accounts Maintenance’ screen.
4-6
You need to specify the following details under this tab:
GAAP Code
Specify the GAAP code that you wish to link to the selected GL. The option list displays all valid
GAAP codes maintained in the system. Select the appropriate one.
GAAP Description
Based on the GAAP code selected, the system displays the description.
SDE Class
Select the SDE class to be linked to the GL for generating system accounts.
Class Description
The system displays the description of the selected SDE class.
You may add more rows to the list and link any number of GAAP codes to the GL. Once you have
specified the above details, save the linkage maintenance. As a result, the system posts all
entries to the GL in the books of linked GAAPs.
4.3.3 Specifying Position Details
You can enter the details on position accounting under the Position Details tab. If you have
checked the option ‘Position Accounting Required’ under the ‘General Ledger Details’ tab, you
have to specify the details pertaining to the position accounting.
4-7
Here, you can capture the following details:
Currency Code
You may define the position GL and position equivalent GL for each currency. Select the code
that identifies the currency for which you wish to specify the details.
Position GL
Specify the position GL to be used for the selected currency. The option list displays all valid GLs
maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
Position Equivalent GL
Specify the position equivalent GL to be used for the selected currency. The option list displays
all valid GLs maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one.
In case you do not provide the above details, the system takes the position GL and position
equivalent GL information maintained at the Currency Definition level.
4-8
4.3.4 Viewing Hierarchy Details
You can view the hierarchy of the general ledgers connected to the current GL under the
‘Hierarchy Details’ tab.
This tab displays all child GLs connected to the current GL. It also displays a list of GLs that are
linked to the parent GL of the current GL.
4.4
Maintaining Inter-branch Parameters
You can maintain inter-branch parameters for passing inter-branch entries. You need to set the
inter-branch (IB) currency for each branch in the ‘Interbranch Parameters Maintenance’ screen.
Here, you need to capture the following details:
4-9
Branch 1 and Branch Name
Specify the code that identifies the first branch for passing interbranch entries. Based on the
branch code specified, the system displays the branch name.
Branch 2 and Branch Name
Specify the code that identifies the second branch for passing interbranch entries. Based on the
branch code specified, the system displays the branch name.
Due to Branch 1
This is the general ledger in Branch 2, into which the system passes the credit accounting entries.
Due from Branch 1
This is the general ledger in Branch 2, into which the system passes the debit accounting entries.
IB Currency for Branch 1
Specify the interbranch currency to be used for branch 1. The dropdown menu displays the
following options:

Account Currency

Transaction Currency
If you select ‘Account Currency’ as the IB Currency, the system will pass inter branch entries in
the account currency. Otherwise, it passes the entries in the transaction currency.
Due to Branch 2
This is the general ledger in Branch 1, into which the system passes the credit accounting entries.
Due from Branch 2
This is the general ledger in Branch 1, into which the system passes the debit accounting entries.
IB Currency for Branch 2
Specify the interbranch currency to be used for branch 2. The dropdown menu displays the
following options:

Account Currency

Transaction Currency
If you select ‘Account Currency’ as the IB Currency, the system will pass inter branch entries in
the account currency. Otherwise, it passes the entries in the transaction currency.
Descriptions
The system displays the descriptions for each general ledger selected, in the respective fields.
4.5
Maintaining Currency Positions
FGL provides you an option to maintain position general ledger and position equivalent general
ledger for a currency. In case position information is not maintained in ‘Chart of Accounts
Maintenance’ screen, system picks up the details of position and position equivalent GL from
‘Currency Position Details’ screen.
4-10
Enter the following details:
Currency Code and Name
You may define the position GL and position equivalent GL for each currency. Select the code
that identifies the currency for which you wish to specify the details. The system displays the
currency name accordingly.
Position GL and Description
Specify the position GL to be used for the selected currency. The option list displays all valid GLs
maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one. Based on the GL selected,
system updates the description.
Position Equivalent GL and Description
Specify the position equivalent GL to be used for the selected currency. The option list displays
all valid GLs maintained in the system. You can choose the appropriate one. Based on the GL
selected, system displays the description.
4-11
4.6
Maintaining MIS Class Details
In Oracle FLEXCUBE, you can maintain MIS classes using ‘MIS Class Maintenance’ screen.
Each MIS class that you maintain may contain a number of MIS codes, based on the type of MIS
that you choose.
Here, you need to specify the following details.
MIS Class
Enter a unique code to identify the MIS class that you are maintaining.
Description
Enter a brief description on the nature of the MIS class. You may use this description later to refer
to the MIS class.
MIS Type
Specify the type of MIS class that you are maintaining. In Oracle FLEXCUBE, you may maintain
the following types of MIS classes:

Transaction Class

Customer Class
You may maintain a maximum of 20 Transaction MIS classes. Similarly, you can maintain a
maximum of 10 Customer MIS classes in Oracle FLEXCUBE. Each such MIS class maintained
may contain several MIS codes.
MIS Code
Specify the MIS code that you wish to add to the MIS class. You may add more rows to the list of
MIS codes using add icon on the screen.
Code Description
Enter a brief description on the nature of the MIS code selected.
4.7
Maintaining Accounting Periods
Oracle FLEXCUBE allows you to maintain various period codes that correspond to a specific
financial cycle for Oracle FLEXCUBE general ledger. You can use the ‘Period Code Maintenance’
screen to do the same. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘STDACPER’ in the field at the top
right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
4-12
Here, you need to capture the following details:
4.7.1.1 Specifying Financial Cycle Details
Cycle
Specify a unique name to identify the financial cycle corresponding to which, you wish to maintain
the period codes.
Description
Enter a brief description of the financial cycle.
Start Date
Specify the date of beginning of the financial cycle.
End Date
Specify the day on which the financial cycle ends.
4.7.1.2 Adding Period Codes
The financial cycle defined above, can be divided into different accounting periods. To define
individual accounting periods, click on the first row under period code. The system creates a
period called ‘FIN’. This is an open ended period coinciding with the last day of the financial cycle.
You can maintain the following parameters for each accounting period within a financial cycle:
Period Code
Enter a code to identify the accounting period. For example, if your period length is a quarter you
can enter - Q1 for the first period; Q2 for the second; Q3 for the third and so on. If your period
length is a bimonthly you can enter BM1, BM2. If your period length coincides with a month, you
can input M1, M2.
4-13
Start Date
This is the first day of the corresponding period.
End Date
This is the last date of the corresponding period. ‘End date’ of a period should always end on a
month end.
4.7.2 Maintaining Transaction Codes
Transaction codes are attributes at accounting entry level that identify the nature of an entry. An
attribute specific to an accounting entry can be a part of the transaction code. You can maintain
transaction codes using ‘Transaction Code Maintenance’ screen in Oracle FLEXCUBE.
On this screen, you need to capture the following details:
Transaction Code
Enter a unique code to identify the transaction.
Description
Enter a brief description on the nature of the accounting entry.
Once you have specified the above details, save it. Any attribute specific to the entry can form a
part of the transaction code.
4.8
Identifying External Systems
You need to maintain information on all external systems that post entries to a Oracle
FLEXCUBE General Ledger. You can set your preferences specific to such external systems in
the ‘External Systems’ screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘EGDSORCE’ in the field at
the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
On this screen, you need to capture the following details:
4-14
Source Code
Specify the source code of the external system. The preferences that you have set on this screen
will be applied to this system.
Source Description
The system displays the description of the source code specified.
Generate Position Entries
If you wish Oracle FLEXCUBE to generate the position entries, check this option. If you uncheck
it, the external system will handle the position entries.
Move Balances on SDE Change
There can be cases wherein, a change in the transaction attributes or MIS cause a change in the
system accounts associated with an entry. Under such circumstances, if you have checked this
option, the system will adjusts the accounting entries posted for that particular transaction.
Balancing Check
If you check this option, the system will check for debit / credit balancing of the batch of entries
sent by the external system.
Value Date Balancing Check
If you check this option, the system will check for balances based on the value date. Batch of
entries sent by the external system will balance for debit / credit by the value date. If there is a
mismatch, the system will display an error message or a warning based on the configurations set.
Once you have set your preferences, save the settings.
4.9
Maintaining GAAP
FGL is a multi GAAP accounting system. You can maintain various GAAP codes that are
applicable for the organization, using ‘GAAP Maintenance’ screen in Oracle FLEXCUBE. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘EGDGPMST’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
4-15
Here, you need to specify the following details:
GAAP Code
Specify a code to identify the GAPP that you are maintaining. This code will be the unique
identifier for the GAAP.
GAAP Description
Enter a brief description of the GAAP.
Once you have specified the above details, save the maintenance.
4.9.1 Linking a Branch to GAAP Codes
You can link one or more GAAP codes to a specific branch using ‘Branch GAAP Linkage’ screen.
Using this screen, you may even link each branch to all the GAAP codes maintained. You can
invoke this screen by typing ‘EGDBRNGP’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool
bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
4-16
Here, you need to specify the following details:
Branch Code
Specify the code to identify the branch to which you wish to link the GAAPs. The option list
displays all valid branch codes maintained in the system. Choose the appropriate one.
Branch Name
Based on the branch code specified, the system displays the name of the branch.
GAAP Code
Specify the GAAP code that you wish to link to the branch. The option list displays all valid GAAP
codes maintained in the system. Choose the appropriate one.
Description
Based on the GAAP code selected, the system displays the description.
Once you have specified the above details, save the linkage maintenance. As a result, the
system posts the entries in the books of GAAPs that are linked to the specific branches.
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4.9.2 Linking a GL to the GAAP Codes
You may link a general ledger to one or more GAAP codes using ‘GAAP Linkage’ tab of ‘Chart of
Accounts Maintenance’ screen.
You need to specify the following details on this screen:
GAAP Code
Specify the GAAP code that you wish to link to the selected GL. The option list displays all valid
GAAP codes maintained in the system. Select the appropriate one.
GAAP Description
Based on the GAAP code selected, the system displays the description.
SDE Class
Specify the SDE class to be linked for generating system accounts.
Class Description
The system displays the description of the selected SDE class.
Similarly, you may add more rows to the list and link any number of GAAP codes to the GL. Once
you have specified the above details, save the linkage maintenance. As a result, the system
posts all entries to the GL in the books of linked GAAPs.
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5. System Accounts
5.1
Introduction
System accounts are the lowest level at which accounting entries are posted in Oracle
FLEXCUBE. The system stores FGL balances at this level. System accounts help you get a
break up of the GL balances which provides the details on the various attributes of a transaction.
You may configure all such parameters for the generation of system accounts in Oracle
FLEXCUBE.
5.1.1 System Defined Elements
You need to set certain parameters called ‘System Defined Elements’ for generation of system
accounts. You can map a system-defined element to an actual transaction using ‘SDE
Maintenance Detailed’ screen. Oracle FLEXCUBE collects the data required for system account
generation from the details maintained on this screen. You can invoke this screen by typing
‘EGDSDMST’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the
adjoining arrow button.
Here, you need to capture the following details:
Element ID
Select an element ID from the dropdown menu. However, if the element type is chosen as
transaction attribute, you may maintain a maximum of 30 elements in FGL. Similarly, you may
maintain a maximum of 20 elements of transaction MIS code and 10 elements of customer MIS
code.
Element Type and Description
For an FGL, you may set one of the following system defined element types:

Transaction Attributes: In FGL, you can maintain a maximum of 30 elements of
transaction attributes. Oracle FLEXCUBE has placeholders for transaction attributes. You
can map these attributes to the actual transaction details.
5-1

Transaction MIS Codes: You may maintain a maximum of 20 elements of transaction
MIS codes for FGL. Every transaction MIS class that you define for FGL will be
considered as a system defined element.

Customer MIS Codes: The system converts all customer MIS classes that you create for
FGL, to system defined elements. You can maintain a maximum of 10 elements of
customer MIS classes for FGL.

Entry Level Attributes: Apart from the above, the following entry level attributes
influence the generation of system accounts:








Related Reference
Related Account
Financial Cycle
Financial Period
Posting Date
Book Date
Posting Currency
Balance Attributes: For auto generated entries, Oracle FLEXCUBE generates system
accounts based on balances. Balance attributes are used in defining SDE classes for
Revaluation Profit and Loss GLs, Revaluation into GLs, Position GLs and Year End PNL
GLs. In FGL, you can have the following balance attributes as system defined elements:





Balance GL
Balance System Account
Financial Cycle
Financial Period
Balance Currency
You can select the appropriate element type from the above. Based on the selection, the system
displays the description.
Element Code
Enter a unique code to identify the element that you are maintaining. You can modify the element
code for transaction attributes. However, if you are maintaining an MIS code, the system defaults
the MIS class as the transaction code. In that case, you cannot modify it. However, you may
modify the description.
Data Type
Specify data type to be used. You can select one of the following from the dropdown menu:

Date

String

Number
Max Length
Specify the maximum number of characters that can be used in the attribute. However, for MIS
attributes, you can set this length to a maximum of 9.
Minimum Length
Specify the minimum number of characters to be used in the attribute.
5-2
Range Required
Check this option to capture the value in range of buckets. When you define an attribute of type
‘Number’ or ‘Date’, you may configure the system to consider the value in ranges (buckets).
Active
Once the SDE is mapped, the system checks this option and updates the status.
Based on the selected attributes and MIS codes, Oracle FLEXCUBE generates the system
accounts. These system accounts belong to a specific GAAP.
5.1.2 Defining SDE Classes
You can define System Defined Element Class, which consists of various SDE codes in the ‘SDE
Class Details’ screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘EGDSDCLS’ in the field at the top
right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Here, you need to capture the following details:
Class Code
Specify a unique code to identify the class.
Class Description
Enter a brief description on the nature of the class.
Element Class Type
You need to specify the type of SDE class that you are defining. Select a type from the dropdown
menu. For FGL, you may define the following element class types:

Direct: You may choose this class if you wish to post the entries directly. If you
choose this option, the system will not generate the entries by itself. Nor will it
generate the entries as part of batch processes. You may add the following
elements to Direct class:
5-3





Derived: You may use this class when external systems post the entries. Inter
branch entries generated by the system is an instance of this. You may add the
following SDEs to Derived class:





Transaction Attributes
Transaction MIS Codes
Customer MIS Codes
Entry Level Attributes
Transaction Attributes
Transaction MIS Codes
Customer MIS Codes
Entry Level Attributes
Balance: When system accounts are generated based on the balances, you need to
define a Balance class. You can add all balance attributes to the Balance class.
You need to attach Balance SDE class for Revaluation Profit and Loss GLs,
Position / Position Equivalent GLs and Year Profit and Loss GLs.
Element Code
Specify the element codes that you wish to add to the class. The option list displays respective
valid element codes maintained in the system. You can select the appropriate one.
You may add more rows to the list of element codes using add icon.
Element Description
The system displays the description based on the element code selected.
Range Class
Specify a range class to which the selected element code belongs. Select the appropriate one
form the option list.
5.1.3 Defining Number and Date Range Classes
You can define number range classes and date range classes for FGLs in Oracle FLEXCUBE
using the ‘Number Range Class Maintenance’ screen. To define a number range class, invoke
‘Number Range Class Details’ screen. You can invoke this screen by typing ‘EGDNORNG’ in the
field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
5-4
Here, you can capture the following details:
Class Code
Specify a class code to identify the number range class.
Class Description
Enter a brief description on the nature of the number range class.
Add the bucket IDs to the list using add icon button. Further, enter the ‘From Number’ and ‘To
Number’ to indicate the number range.
5-5
In order to define the date range class, invoke ‘Date Range Class Details’ screen. You can invoke
this screen by typing ‘EGDDTRNG’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar
and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Enter the following details:
Class Code
Specify a unique code to identify the date range class.
Class Description
Enter a brief description on the nature of the class.
Add more rows to the class details using add icon button. Enter the bucket IDs in the space
provided, and specify the range.
5.1.4 Generating System Accounts Manually
You can manually generate system accounts using ‘System Accounts Detailed’ screen. Entries
can be directly posted to these manually generated accounts. You can invoke this screen by
typing ‘EGDSYSAC’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the
adjoining arrow button.
5-6
The system displays the following details of the account:

The system account number

The GL code associated with the system account and description

The GAAP code associated with the system account and description

Whether the account is generated manually, or by the system. If it is generated by the
system, the check box ‘System Generated’ remains checked.
However, you may modify the following details:
Alternate System Acc Number
You can enter an alternative system account number, and use the same for your reference.
System Account Description
You can enter a brief description on the nature of the system account.
You can view the details of system defined elements and their corresponding values in the
‘System Account Elements’ screen. To invoke the screen, click ‘System Account Elements’ button
on the ‘System Accounts Detailed’ screen.
5-7
5.1.5 Processing System Account Generation
The parameters for system accounts generation are maintained for a combination of GL and
GAAP codes. The following illustration will help you comprehend the process of system account
generations in FGL.
Example
Consider the following details:

Transaction attributes1 and 2 are mapped to ‘PRODUCT’ and ‘TENOR’ respectively.

SDE class ‘INCOME’ is a set of transaction attributes ‘PRODUCT’ and ‘TENOR’.

SDE class ‘INCOME’ is attached to the combination of the general ledger (GL1) and GAAP (G1).

Tenor in terms of range are as follows:


0000 - 360 BCKT1

361 - 999 BCKT2
A number range class ‘LDTNR’ is maintained for the above ranges and is attached to the tenor in
SDE class ‘INCOME’.
Entry 1:
GAAP
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
Following are the transaction attributes:
PRODUCT
: LD01
TENOR
: 300 Days
This is the first entry to the GL. The system generates a new system account’S1’ and posts the balance to it.
Entry 2:
GAAP
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
5-8
Following are the transaction attributes:
PRODUCT
: LD01
TENOR
: 370 Days
Primarily, the system resolves the number range bucket as ‘BCKT2’ and checks whether a system account
has been generated for that combination. Again, for such combination, the system generates a new system
account ‘S2’ and posts the balances to it.
Entry 3:
GAAP
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
Following are the transaction attributes:
PRODUCT
: LD01
TENOR
: 250 Days
Initially, the system resolves the number range bucket as ‘BCKT1’ and checks whether a system account
has already been generated for this combination. In the above case, system account ‘S1’ has already been
generated for the GAAP ‘G1’ with the same transaction attributes. Hence, the system posts this entry to the
system account ‘S1’ itself.
5.1.6 Processing General Ledgers for Customers
Based on the parameters set for customer accounts, Oracle FLEXCUBE sends customer account
balances to asset and liability general ledgers, based on their nature. For an external system that
reports the balances, Oracle FLEXCUBE provides the following options:

Receive the customer GL and update the balance

Directly receive the entries into the customer accounts, along with the current balance of
the account and its reporting GLs
In the latter case, based on the current balance and the entry, FGL senses a difference in the
account balance and adjusts the balances in the reporting GLs accordingly.
Example
Consider the following details:
Balance in the customer account
: 100 USD (Credit )
Reporting GL (credit)
: G1
Reporting GL (debit)
: G2
Now, suppose that the following entry is posted to the customer account.
Dr
Customer Account
150 USD
The system identifies the balance flip in the customer account and moves the balance from G1 to G2.
Then, the system treats the above entry as shown:
Dr
G1
100 USD
Dr
G2
50 USD
This entry manages the movement of the account balance from the general ledgers G1 to G2.
5.1.7 Tracking Balances of System Accounts
FGL tracks the balances in system accounts, general ledgers and MIS classes maintained in the
system.
5-9
System accounts are the lowest level of entry points to the books of accounts. General ledger
balance is a consolidation of total balances of all such system accounts.
FGL tracks the following balances for each system account:

Balances





Opening Balance
Opening Balance in Local Currency
Current Balance
Current Balance in Local Currency
Turnovers








Opening Debit Turnover
Opening Debit Turnover in Local Currency
Opening Credit Turnover
Opening Credit Turnover in Local Currency
Debit Turnover
Debit Turnover in Local Currency
Credit Turnover
Credit Turnover in Local Currency
The balances that the system updates could be:

Book dated balances: The system receives the branch date of the account branch
and updates the book dated balance.

Value dated balances: FGL updates the value dated balances based on the posting
date sent by the external system.

Period balances: Based on the posting date, the system receives the financial
cycle and period code and updates the period balances.
The system maintains the opening balance, based on the type of balance. For instance, in case
of period balance, opening balance refers to the balance at the beginning of the period.
5.1.7.1 Handling of Back Dated Entries
FGL receives back dated entries and updates the balances accordingly. The following example
illustrates the period balance tracking mechanism for back dated entries.
Example
Consider the following system data:
Current Business Date
: 01-AUG-2008
Current Financial Cycle
: FY2008
Current Financial Period
: Q3
Balance of System Account S1
Balance Type
Balance
Branch Code
CHO
System Account
S1
5-10
Balance Type
Balance
Currency
USD
Financial Cycle
FY2000
Financial Period
QT3
GL Code
GL003
GAAP Code
G1
Opening Debit Balance
0
Opening Credit Balance
0
Opening Debit Balance in Local Currency
0
Opening Credit Balance in Local Currency
0
Opening Debit Movement
0
Opening Credit Movement
0
Opening Debit Movement in Local Currency
0
Opening Credit Movement in Local Currency
0
Debit Balance
0
Credit Balance
0
Debit Balance In Local Currency
0
Credit Balance In Local Currency
0
Debit Movement
0
Credit Movement
0
Debit Movement In Local Currency
0
Credit Movement In Local Currency
0
Assume that the following entry is posted into S1 –
GAAP
DR/CR
Branch
GL Code
System Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
D
BR1
GL1
S1
USD
1-Aug-08
10,000
Balance in the system account ‘S1’ is updated as follows:
Balance Type
Balance
5-11
Balance Type
Balance
Branch Code
CHO
System Account
S1
Currency
USD
Financial Cycle
FY2008
Financial Period
Q3
GL Code
GL1
GAAP Code
G1
Opening Debit Balance
0
Opening Credit Balance
0
Opening Debit Balance in Local Currency
0
Opening Credit Balance in Local Currency
0
Opening Debit Movement
0
Opening Credit Movement
0
Opening Debit Movement in Local Currency
0
Opening Credit Movement in Local Currency
0
Debit Balance
10000
Credit Balance
0
Debit Balance In Local Currency
10000
Credit Balance In Local Currency
0
Debit Movement
10000
Credit Movement
0
Debit Movement In Local Currency
10000
Credit Movement In Local Currency
0
Assume that the following entry is posted into S1:
GAAP
DR/CR
Branch
GL Code
System Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
D
BR1
GL1
S1
USD
1-Jun-08
5,000
5-12
This is a back period entry. As a result, the system will update ‘Posted into Past Period’ turnovers for the
period Q3 and ‘Posted from Future Period’ turnovers for period Q2.
Following is the balance of the system account S1 for Q3:
Balance Type
Balance
Branch Code
CHO
System Account
S1
Currency
USD
Financial Cycle
FY2008
Financial Period
Q3
GL Code
GL1
GAAP Code
G1
Opening Debit Balance
5000
Opening Credit Balance
0
Opening Debit Balance in Local Currency
5000
Opening Credit Balance in Local Currency
0
Opening Debit Movement
0
Opening Credit Movement
0
Opening Debit Movement in Local Currency
0
Opening Credit Movement in Local Currency
0
Debit Balance
15000
Credit Balance
0
Debit Balance In Local Currency
15000
Credit Balance In Local Currency
0
Debit Movement
15000
Credit Movement
0
Debit Movement In Local Currency
15000
Credit Movement In Local Currency
0
This entry has updated the ‘Posted into Past Period’ turnovers of the balance record for period Q3. Since it
is a back dated entry, the system has changed the opening balance to 5000 Debit.
5-13
Balances for the quarter Q2 will be as follows:
Balance Type
Balance
Branch Code
CHO
System Account
S1
Currency
USD
Financial Cycle
FY2000
Financial Period
Q2
GL Code
GL1
GAAP Code
G1
Opening Debit Balance
0
Opening Credit Balance
0
Opening Debit Balance in Local Currency
0
Opening Credit Balance in Local Currency
0
Opening Debit Movement
0
Opening Credit Movement
0
Opening Debit Movement in Local Currency
0
Opening Credit Movement in Local Currency
0
Debit Balance
5000
Credit Balance
0
Debit Balance In Local Currency
5000
Credit Balance In Local Currency
0
Debit Movement
0
Credit Movement
0
Debit Movement In Local Currency
0
Credit Movement In Local Currency
0
5.1.8 Tracking General Ledger Balances
General ledgers in Oracle FLEXCUBE are the consolidation points of system accounts. Balance
tracking for general ledgers is hence, same as that of system accounts.
5-14
For details with illustration, please refer the section ‘Tracking Balances of System Accounts’ in
this chapter.
For FGLs, the system can track the following balances:

Balances





Opening Balance
Opening Balance in Local Currency
Current Balance
Current Balance in Local Currency
Turnovers








Opening Debit Turnover
Opening Debit Turnover in Local Currency
Opening Credit Turnover
Opening Credit Turnover in Local Currency
Debit Turnover
Debit Turnover in Local Currency
Credit Turnover
Credit Turnover in Local Currency
5.1.9 Tracking MIS Balances
MIS balance is the breakup of the general ledger balance based on MIS codes and MIS classes.
The sum of all MIS balances for a particular class will reflect the total GL balance. The external
system provides the details of MIS codes. However, if it does not provide the MIS code, the
system will consider the code as ‘UNDEFINED’. The MIS balances will be updated accordingly.
5.1.10 Adjusting Balances
FGL identifies any change in the transaction data provided. The change in the transaction data
has an impact in the system account balances. In that case, the system may consider the
balances as invalid, if it is posted with the old data. Hence, whenever there is such a change, the
system readjusts the system account balances. FGL will reverse the balances posted and rebook
the balances in a new set of system accounts.
This is an optional feature. You can set your preferences related to the same at the ‘Source
Preferences’ level.
Example
Consider the following details:

The transaction attributes 1 and 2 are mapped to PRODUCT and TENOR respectively.

SDE class INCOME is a set of transaction attributes PRODUCT and TENOR.

SDE class attached for the combination of the general ledger GL1 and the GAAP G1 is INCOME.

No SDE class is attached to the general ledger GL2 and GAAP G1. It indicates that the balance
breakup of G2 is not required. There will only be one system account for G2.

Tenor is considered in the following ranges:


0000 - 360 BCKT1

361 - 999 BCKT2
A number range class LDTNR is maintained with the above ranges. It is attached to the tenor in
SDE class INCOME.
5-15
Entry 1:
GAAP
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
C
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
G1
D
BR1
GL2
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
Following are the transaction attributes:
PRODUCT
: LD01
TENOR
: 300 Days
This is the first entry to the GL. The system generates a new system account S1 and posts the balance to it.
Now, suppose that the loan contract has been amended with an increase in the tenor. The new tenor is 500.
The external system will send this information during such an amendment and accordingly, the system will
adjust the balances by passing relevant adjustment entries.
As GL2 does not have any SDE class attached to it for GAAP G1, system does not pass any adjustment
entry to adjust the balance in GL2.
Whereas, GL1 is attached to SDE class ‘INCOME’ for GAAP G1. INCOME has ‘TENOR’ as one of its
attributes and that will result in a change in the system account to be used. FGL determines the new system
accounts and posts the balances to those accounts.
Assume that the new system account is S2. In the above scenario, the system will generate the following
entries
5.2
GAAP
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
D
BR1
S1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
G1
C
BR1
S2
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
Querying Balances
In FLECUBE, you can query and view the following balances:

General Ledger Balance

System Account Balances

MIS Balances
In this section, we will examine how Oracle FLEXCUBE helps you view these balances.
5-16
5.2.1 Viewing General Ledger Balances
You can view the period wise balances in a general ledger using ‘GL Period Balance Details’
screen. You can invoke the ‘GL Period Balance Details’ screen by typing ‘EGDLINE’ in the field at
the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Here you can view the following details:

Debit and credit opening balances and movements of the general ledger

Debit and credit current balances and turnovers in the general ledger
You can query the general ledger balances by the following parameters:

Branch Code

GL Code

GAAP Code

Currency Code

Financial Year

Period Code
5.2.2 Viewing General Ledger Book Dated Balances
You can view the balances in a general ledger and query it based on booking date using ‘GL
Book Dated Balance Detailed’ screen. You can invoke the ‘GL Book Dated Balance Detailed’
screen by typing ‘EGDGLBDB’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and
clicking the adjoining arrow button.
5-17
Here you can view the following details:

Debit and credit opening balances and movements of the general ledger

Debit and credit current balances and turnovers in the general ledger
You can query the general ledger balances by the following parameters:

Branch Code

GL Code

GAAP Code

Currency Code

Booking Date
5-18
5.2.3 Viewing General Ledger Value Dated Balances
You can view the balances in a general ledger and query it based on value date using ‘GL Book
Date Balance Details’ screen. You can invoke the ‘GL Book Date Balance Details’ screen by
typing ‘EGDGLVDB’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the
adjoining arrow button.
Here you can view the following details:

Debit and credit opening balances and movements of the general ledger

Debit and credit current balances and turnovers in the general ledger
You can query the general ledger balances by the following parameters:

Branch Code

GL Code

GAAP Code

Currency Code

Value Date
5-19
5.2.4 Viewing Transaction Details
You can view the latest transactions and MIS details using ‘View Transaction Details’ screen. You
can invoke the ‘View Transaction Details’ screen by typing ‘EGDTXINF’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Using this screen, you can query the transaction details as well as transaction MIS details, based
on the transaction attribute reference number.
5-20
5.2.5 Viewing Customer MIS Details
You can view the MIS details for a customer using ‘View Customer Details’ screen. You can
invoke the ‘View Customer Details’ screen by typing ‘EGDCMINF’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
You can query the MIS details based on customer MIS reference number. The system will display
the MIS classes, codes and respective descriptions on this screen.
5-21
5.3
Processing End of Day Operations
During end of the day, you can run a batch program for account revaluation for Oracle
FLEXCUBE general ledgers. As a result of the batch, the system revalues the system account
balances and posts the revaluation profit or loss into a predefined account.
You can set your preferences pertaining to account revaluation using ‘Account Revaluation
Setup’ screen. You can invoke the ‘Account Revaluation Setup’ screen by typing ‘EGDRVSTP’ in
the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Here, you need to capture the following details:
GL SL
Specify the code to identify the general ledger account for which you wish to set the parameters.
Description
Enter a brief description of the general ledger account for which you wish to set the revaluation
parameters.
Transaction Code and Description
Specify the transaction code under which the accounting entries are posted to the revalued
general ledger account. Based on the transaction code, the system displays the description.
Rate Type
Specify the rate type that you wish to use for revaluation of the general ledger.
Netting Indicator
You may wish to net the entries for all accounts linked to the GL code. If you check this option,
the system will pass single consolidated entries each for profit and loss.
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Revalue into GL and Description
Specify the GL into which you wish to pass the revaluation entries. The system will use this GL
instead of the GL being revalued for passing the entries. As a result, the revaluation entries will
not affect the balance in the GL that under revaluation.
The system will debit this GL account is, if the result of revaluation is a profit. On the other hand,
it will credit this GL if the result of revaluation is a loss.
By default, this is the GL under revaluation. For all non-contingent GLs belonging to the asset or
liability categories, the system defaults to the GL being revalued.
You can specify a different account for posting these entries. Select it from the option list which
displays all GLs maintained in the system.
The system displays the description based on the GL selected.
Profit GL and Description
If the result of GL revaluation is a profit, the system credits the profit amount to the profit GL that
is specified here. Similarly, if you have opted for revaluation split for the GL, then the revaluation
profit, as opposed to the trading profit, is posted into this profit GL.
On revaluation split, the system segregates the revaluation profit / loss into:

Trading Profit / Loss: Profit or loss due to revaluation of FCY entries posted into the GL
during the current day

Revaluation Profit / Loss: Profit or loss due to revaluation of opening FCY balances
(excludes current day’s turnover)
Trading Profit Account and Description
If you have opted for revaluation split, you need to specify the trading profit account into which the
profits of trading revaluation should be posted.
The system displays the description based on the account selected.
Loss GL and Description
If the result of revaluation is a loss, the system debits the loss amount to the loss GL specified
here. If you have opted for revaluation split, then the revaluation loss (as opposed to trading loss)
will be posted into this GL.
Trading Loss Accounting and Description
If you have opted for revaluation split, you need to specify the trading loss account into which the
losses of trading revaluation should be posted.
The system displays the description based on the account selected.
Based on the preferences set on ‘Account Revaluation Setup’ screen, the system books profit
and loss to the Profit GL and Loss GL respectively. You may also direct the revaluation entries
into another GL in order to stabilize the balance in the GL under revaluation. For this purpose,
you may use the option ‘Revalue into GL’.
5-23
Based on the revaluation results, the system adjusts the position balances as well. The system
takes into account the positioning preferences of the GL under revaluation for this purpose.
5.3.1 Tracking MIS Balances for Revaluation Entries
During GL revaluation, the system updates the local currency balances of the GL. This requires
an adjustment in the MIS balance breakup of the GL. To tackle this, the system has been
configured in such a way to update the MIS balance for the revaluation entry.
For all MIS codes under each MIS class, the system splits the net balance posted into the GL.
This splitting is based on the ratio of the current balances of the MIS codes.
Example
Consider the following details:
Local currency
: USD
Net profit posted into revaluation profit GL - G1, in GBP
: 10,000 USD
Current GBP balance of the GL
: 50,000 GBP
MIS breakup for the transaction MIS Class TMIS1 is shown below:
MIS CODE
: Balance
TMISCODE1
: 20,000 GBP
TMISCODE2
: 30,000 GBP
In the above scenario, MIS balance will be adjusted as shown below:
The net profit 10,000 will be adjusted in the ration of current balances.
LCY adjustment for MIS Code TMISCODE1 : (10,000/50,000) x 20,000
LCY adjustment for MIS Code TMISCODE2 : (10,000/50,000) x 30,000
If n case it gets a differential, the system will adjust the same by rounding it off against the MIS code with the
maximum balance. In the above scenario, the MIS code will be TMISCODE2.
5.3.2 Automatic Financial Closure
Oracle FLEXCUBE automatically triggers Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger financial closure on
the last day of the financial cycle. You have maintained year end profit and loss GLs in the ‘Chart
of Accounts Maintenance’ screen. The system moves the income and expense balances into
those year end profit and loss GLs respectively. The system applies the break up schemes
defined at the same level, while generating system accounts for PNL entries. This process is
initiated within the financial period ‘FIN’ of the financial cycle.
For Oracle FLEXCUBE general ledgers, the system attaches an SDE class of type ‘Balance’ to
the year end profit and loss GLs. The system uses this SDE class and the attributes of the
balance being transferred, to generate the system accounts. However, for such entries, if the
SDE class is of any type other than ‘Balance’, the system displays an error message.
5.4
Web Services Available for FGLs
In case of general ledgers, you may use the web services provided by Oracle FLEXCUBE for the
following purposes:

To accept entries into the system

To provide GL balances to external systems
The web services available for Oracle FLEXCUBE general ledgers are listed below:
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
Entry Upload

Transaction Details Upload

Customer MIS Upload

GL Details - Query

GL Balance Query


Period Wise balance
Book Dated Balances
Value Dated Balances

System Account Balance Query




Period Wise Balance
Book Dated Balances
Value Dated Balances
MIS Balance Query



Period Wise Balance
Book Dated Balances
Value Dated Balances
5-25
6. Processing FGL Entries
6.1
Introduction
Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledgers (FGL) eases the process of posting entries by capturing the
entries, transaction details and the customer MIS details separately, yet maintaining a linkage.
FGL also identifies the entries posted from a deal in an external system. Additionally, FGL
reduces the quantity of data to be exchanged while uploading files.
For every contract, you may often have to post accounting entries at various stages. However,
the transaction and MIS information of the contract may remain the same at those stages. FGL
helps you capture the transaction and MIS data initially and use the same information whenever
similar entries are posted. You may even capture transaction and MIS information along with
each entry in Oracle FLEXCUBE.
In this chapter, you will find more information on processing of various transactions in Oracle
FLEXCUBE general ledgers.
6.2
Maintaining Transaction Details
You can maintain details pertaining to transaction attributes for FGL using ‘Transaction Details –
Detailed’ screen. You can invoke the ‘Transaction Details – Detailed’ screen by typing
‘EGDTXNAT’ in the field at the top right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the
adjoining arrow button.
On this screen, you need to capture the following details:
Operation Reference
The system displays the operation reference number.
6-1
Transaction Attribute Reference
Specify the transaction attribute reference. You can use this reference while posting entries to
pass on transaction data. The system uses this reference number for all entries of the same
nature, so that you need not send the transaction data along with every entry.
However, Oracle FLEXCUBE adjusts the system account balances only if the transaction data is
sent separately with a transaction attribute reference.
This screen consists of two tabs:

Transaction Details: This section captures details of transaction attributes. You can
define a maximum of 30 attributes on this screen.

Transaction MIS Details: This section captures the details of transaction MIS. You can
define a maximum of 20 attributes.
You can even capture these details as name-value pairs. You can invoke the ‘Transactions
Details – Detailed’ screen by typing ‘EGDTXNDT’ in the field at the top right corner of the
Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Under the tab ‘Transaction Details’, you can add more information on transaction attributes. You
can add more attributes to the list using add icon
Here, you need to specify the following details:
Attribute Code
Specify the attribute code.
Attribute Description
Based on the attribute code, the system displays the description.
6-2
Attribute Value
Specify a value for the selected attribute code. FGL generates system account number based on
this value. For instance, in case of Attribute PRODUCT, attribute value will be LD. However, you
need to define the same based on the parameters set in 'SDE Class Definition' screen.
Similarly, you can capture the transaction MIS details on this screen. To enter the details, click
‘Transactions MIS Details’ button on ‘Transaction Details – Detailed’ screen.
You need to capture the following details pertaining to transaction MIS.
MIS Class and Description
Specify the MIS class for the transaction. Based on the class code selected, the system displays
the description.
MIS Code and description
Specify the MIS code that you wish to add to this operation. Based on the MIS code selected, the
system displays the description.
You may add more rows to the list using add icon
6-3
6.2.1 Maintaining Customer MIS Details
You can capture customer MIS details using ‘Customer Details – Detailed’ screen. You can
invoke the ‘Customer Details – Detailed’ screen by typing ‘EGDCMSAT’ in the field at the top right
corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
Here, you need to capture the following details:
Operation Reference
The system displays the operation reference number.
Customer MIS Reference
Specify the customer MIS reference number. The system will use this reference number while
posting entries for FGL.
You can maintain a maximum of 10 MIS codes corresponding to 10 MIS classes. However, if you
wish to modify the data sent, you will have to provide all existing information along with the
modifications.
If the MIS information undergoes any change, the system automatically adjusts the system
account and MIS balance.
You can even capture the customer MIS information as name value pairs. You can invoke the
‘Customer Details – Detailed’ screen by typing ‘EGDCMSDT’ in the field at the top right corner of
the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
6-4
You can enter the following details:
MIS Class and Description
Specify the MIS class for the transaction. Based on the class code selected, the system displays
the description.
MIS Code and Description
Specify the MIS code that you wish to add to this operation. Based on the MIS code selected, the
system displays the description.
You may add more rows to the list using add icon
6.3
Uploading Entries
Oracle FLEXCUBE general ledger receives entries uploaded in specific formats. It can receive
entries from external systems through Entry Upload Request of Web Services. FGL will process
such entries.
You can send the entries directly to the system accounts. However, an external system can post
such entries only to manually created system accounts.
FGL can receive all attributes along with each entry. Separate records with unique reference
number may also be sent. Such records can be linked with respective entries.
6-5
6.3.1 Upload Details
You can upload the following details:
Field Name
Data Type
Maximum Length
Mandatory
Serial Number
NUMBER
GAAP Code
VARCHAR2
2
N
Account or GL(A/G)
VARCHAR2
1
Y
Account Branch
VARCHAR2
3
Y
Account Currency
VARCHAR2
3
Y
Account Number
VARCHAR2
50
Y
Debit GL
VARCHAR2
9
N
Credit GL
VARCHAR2
9
N
Current Balance in case of
Customer Accounts
NUMBER
System Account Number
VARCHAR2
50
N
Debit / Credit
VARCHAR2
1
Y
Transaction Code
VARCHAR2
3
Y
Amount in Posting Currency
NUMBER
Y (for foreign
currency only)
Exchange Rate
NUMBER
Y (for foreign
currency only)
Amount in Local Currency
NUMBER
Y
Posting Date
DATE
Offset Entry serial No
NUMBER
Amount Code
VARCHAR2
50
N
Related Reference Number
VARCHAR2
255
N
Related Account
VARCHAR2
255
N
Transaction Attribute Reference
Number
VARCHAR2
50
N
Customer MIS Reference
VARCHAR2
50
N
Y
N
7
Y
N
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6.3.2 Posting Journal Entries
You can use FGL to post entries into the general ledgers using ‘Journal Entries Detailed’ screen.
You can invoke the ‘Journal Entries Detailed’ screen by typing ‘EGDJRENT’ in the field at the top
right corner of the Application tool bar and clicking the adjoining arrow button.
On this screen, you need to capture the following details:
Batch Reference
As you select ‘New’ from the action menu, the system generates a batch reference number.
Source Code
If the entry is posted through front end, system displays the source code as ‘Oracle FLEXCUBE’.
Otherwise, it displays the source code of the external source.
Branch Code
The system displays the branch code of the current branch.
Branch Name
Based on the branch code specified, the system displays the branch name.
Based on the preferences set, the system processes the entries in the following order:

Resolve inter branch entries

Prepare position entries

Run balancing check based on source preferences

Run a check for currency and value date balancing based on source preferences

Explode GAAP entries

Update the system account, GL and MIS balances
6.3.2.1 Exploding GAAP Entries
External systems may send entries to FGL for specific GAAPs as well as for all the GAAPs. The
following example illustrates how FGL handles GAAP entries:
6-7
Example
Consider the following entries passed by an external system:
GAAP
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
AL
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
G1
C
BR1
GL3
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
G2
C
BR1
GL4
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
In the above table, GAAP indication has been set to ‘AL’. Hence, the system resolves all applicable GAAP
indicators for the combination of the branch BR1 and the general ledger GL1.
Now, assume that
Applicable GAAPs for BR1 are G1, G2 and G3
Applicable GAAPs for GL1 are G1, G2 and G4
In such case, the system resolves the applicable GAAPs as G1 and G2 as these are common for both BR1
and GL1.
Further, system prepares the GAAP wise entries as follows:
GAAP
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
G1
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
G2
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
G1
C
BR1
GL3
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
G2
C
BR1
GL4
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
6.3.2.2 Inter Branch Accounting
FGL passes inter-branch entries based on source level preferences. If external system
preferences are configured in such a manner to generate inter branch entries, the system
resolves the inter branch accounting setup and passes extra pairs of entries.
Example
Consider the following entries passed by the external system:
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
C
BR2
GL2
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
Oracle FLEXCUBE general ledger will resolve the inter branch maintenance and pass extra pairs of entries
to balance the books at each branch. Now, suppose that the inter branch scheme is ‘DIRECT’, the system
will pass the following entries:
In the books of BR1:
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
6-8
Posting Date
Amount
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
D
BR1
GL1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
C
BR1
Due to BR2
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
In the books of BR2:
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
D
BR2
Due From BR1
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
C
BR2
GL2
USD
1-Jan-08
10,000
If the inter branch accounting scheme is ‘THRURO’ or ‘THRUHO’, the system routes the inter branch entries
through Regional Office or Head Office respectively. On such circumstances, the number of system
generated entries will be more.
6.3.2.3 Position Accounting
In Oracle FLEXCUBE, you may track the currency positions by passing position entries. Position
GLs are linked to FGLs using ‘Chart of Accounts’ screen. Each general ledger can have multiple
sets of position and position equivalent GLs for different currencies. If you have not linked a
position GL, the system uses the position GLs maintained on the ‘Currency Maintenance’ screen.
Example
Suppose that the local currency for branch BR1 is USD.
The external system passes the following entries:
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
D
BR1
GL1
GBP
1-Jan-08
10,000
C
BR2
GL2
USD
1-Jan-08
8,000
Suppose that the inter branch scheme is ‘DIRECT’. The system will post the entries as follows:
In the books of BR1:
DR/CR
Account Branch
Account
Currency
Posting Date
Amount
D
BR1
GL1
GBP
1-Jan-08
10,000
C
BR1
Position GL
GBP
1-Jan-08
10,000
D
BR1
Position Equivalent GL
USD
1-Jan-08
8,000
C
BR1
GL2
USD
1-Jan-08
8,000
6-9
6.3.2.4 Debit-Credit Balancing Check
You may perform a debit-credit balancing check when data is received from an external system.
By default the option is enabled in FGL. However, you can modify it. The system verifies the
debit-credit balances and displays an error message if it finds a mismatch.
For each GAAP, FGL ensures the balancing of batches by branch.
6.3.2.5 Posting Date-wise Balancing Check
For data received from external systems, you can configure Oracle FLEXCUBE to check the
balances by posting date. However, you need to set the configurations in the external system.
Further to completion of the check, the system displays an error, in case of errors, and a warning
in case of successful configuration.
6-10
7.
Screen Glossary
7.1 Function ID List
The following table lists the function id and the function description of the screens covered as part
of this User Manual.
Function ID
Function Description
GLDCHACT
Chart of Accounts Maintenance
STDACPER
Period Code Maintenance
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Oracle FLEXCUBE General Ledger
[May] [2011]
Version 11.3
Oracle Corporation
World Headquarters
500 Oracle Parkway
Redwood Shores, CA 94065
U.S.A.
Worldwide Inquiries:
Phone: +1.650.506.7000
Fax: +1.650.506.7200
www.oracle.com/ financial_services/
Copyright © [2011] Oracle Financial Services Software Limited. All rights reserved.
No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, adopted or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photographic, graphic, optic recording or otherwise, translated in any language or computer
language, without the prior written permission of Oracle Financial Services Software Limited.
Due care has been taken to make this document and accompanying software package as accurate as possible. However,
Oracle Financial Services Software Limited makes no representation or warranties with respect to the contents hereof and
shall not be responsible for any loss or damage caused to the user by the direct or indirect use of this document and the
accompanying Software System. Furthermore, Oracle Financial Services Software Limited reserves the right to alter,
modify or otherwise change in any manner the content hereof, without obligation of Oracle Financial Services Software
Limited to notify any person of such revision or changes.
All company and product names are trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.
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