Owner`s Manual
Freedom 458
10
15
20
25
30
Owner's Manual
Xantrex
Freedom 458 Series
Inverter/Charger
Thank you for purchasing a Xantrex Freedom 458 Series Inverter/Charger. Xantrex
Technology Inc. takes pride in manufacturing quality products specifically
designed to meet your power requirements.
Freedom 458 Inverter/Chargers provide silent, efficient and reliable AC power for a
variety of applications. They feature “hands-free” operation, automatic three-stage battery
charging and automatic AC transfer switching. For your convenience, service is available
world-wide from qualified service centers.
If you have any questions about your Freedom Inverter/Charger, please contact
Xantrex at 1-800-670-0707 (toll free) or 1-604-422-2777 (direct).
For technical support and additional information about Xantrex products, visit our Web
site at www.xantrex.com or e-mail us at [email protected]
SAFETY SUMMARY
Safety information for installation and
operation is contained throughout this
manual where it applies and is not included
in this summary.
Fuse Replacement For continued protection
against the possibility of fire, replace the fuse
only with a fuse of the specified voltage,
current and type ratings.
Definitions:
Power Source To avoid damage, operate the
equipment only within the specified AC (line)
and DC (battery) voltages.
Warning statements identify conditions or
practices which could result in personal injury,
loss of life, damage to equipment or other
property.
Servicing To reduce the risk of electric shock
do not open this unit. There are no user
serviceable parts inside. Refer all service to
qualified personnel.
Notice of Copyright
Xantrex Freedom 458 Series Inverter/Charger © December 2002 Xantrex International. All rights reserved.
Xantrex is a registered trademark of Xantrex International.
Disclaimer
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, XANTREX TECHNOLOGY INC. (“XANTREX”)
(a)
MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR OTHER
INFORMATION PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION.
(b)
ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSS OR DAMAGE, WHETHER DIRECT, INDIRECT,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY
SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK.
Date and Revision December 2002, Revision 2
Part Number 445-0193-01-01
Contact Information Web: www.xantrex.com Email: [email protected]
Phone: 1-800-670-0707 (toll free in North America), 1-604-422-2777 (direct) Fax: 1-604-420-2145
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Things You Should Know . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Circuit Breaker Protection
Thermostat Controlled Cooling
Inverter Idle Circuit
Low and High Battery Shutdown
Power Sharing
Temperature Sensitive Charging
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
LED Fault Status
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Installation Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Optional Remote Control Panels . . . . . . . . .10
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Battery Types
Battery Interconnection
Battery Bank Ratings and Sizing
Battery Charging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Freedom Battery Chargers
Battery Charger Voltage Settings . . . . . . .20
Installation Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Key Installation Points
Grounding
Neutral Bonding
AC Wiring
AC Input
AC Output
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters
Remote Control Wiring
TSC Temperature Sensor
DC Wiring
Battery Cable Fusing
Power ON Checks
Not recommended for use in a marine environment
3
INTRODUCTION
This owner’s manual describes the
Freedom 458 Series Inverter/Chargers from
Xantrex. These units perform three distinct
functions:
1. DC to AC power inverting.
2. Automatic transfer switching between
inverter power and incoming AC power.
3. Automatic three-stage battery charging
plus manual battery equalizing.
• The inverter provides regulated 120 volt AC
power at a crystal controlled frequency from a
deep cycle battery bank and is rated at:
Freedom 10
1000 watts
Freedom 15 & 15D
1500 watts
Freedom 20 & 20D
2000 watts
Freedom 25
2500 watts
Freedom 30
3000 watts
The output is a modified sine wave and is
compatible with most appliances, tools and
other 120 VAC equipment. (Note: Certain laser
printers, breadmakers, digital clocks and small
battery chargers may not operate on modified
sine wave.) An idle mode reduces battery
power consumption when loads are removed
from the inverter. There is a low battery cutout
protection circuit and momentary surge power
of more than twice the inverter rating for starting electric motors. High efficiency ensures the
longest possible battery life between charges.
• The internal transfer switch allows the
Freedom Inverter/Charger to be connected to
an external AC source and transfer the source
power through directly to the loads. When the
external AC power source is disconnected, the
transfer switch allows automatic switching
back to the inverter.
4
The Freedom Inverter/Charger operates
as a self-contained backup power system—
just add batteries.
• Freedom battery chargers are electronically
controlled and rated at a maximum output
current:
Freedom 10
Freedom 15 & 15D
Freedom 20 & 20D
Freedom 25
Freedom 30
50 amps DC
75 amps DC
100 amps DC
130 amps DC
140 amps DC
They are designed to rapidly and optimally
charge wet, gel, or Absorbed Glass Mat
(AGM)** cell deep-cycle batteries. Battery
charging is automatically accomplished in
three stages: Bulk Charge, Acceptance
Charge and Float Charge.
Using a Remote Control Panel or Link
Instrumentation, a manually engaged
Equalizing Charge cycle is possible. Simple,
automatic operation is made possible by the
microprocessor in the Freedom Inverter/Charger.
In most cases, no attention or maintenance is
required.
Electronic Protection
Fast-acting electronic circuits protect
the inverter from overloads and short circuits.
Other protection includes a low and high
battery voltage cutoff and automatic shutdown
if an over-temperature condition occurs. When
the fault condition is corrected, the unit will
automatically reset. Example: remove
overload, charge batteries or allow to cool.
**Battery type selection is set on the front of the unit
or with an optional remote (Remote Control Panel or
Link Instrument).
THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW
Circuit Breaker Protection
The Freedom Inverter/Charger is
supplemental breaker protected.
The INVERT/CHARGE breaker on the front
of the unit protects against sustained inverter/
charger over-current conditions.
These breakers are reset by pushing the
button back in.
The output circuit breakers protect the output
AC circuits. Models are available with one or
two outputs.
Thermostat Controlled Cooling
Freedom Inverter/Chargers are equipped
with a thermostatically controlled fan that cools
the unit so it can operate continually at its rated
units with only supplemental circuit breakers
between the unit and the load. Appropriate wire
gauges must be used throughout the installation.
Refer to NEC specifications.
Circuit Breaker Protection
OUT 2
INV/CHG
OUT 1
N/A
15
N/A
10
15
20
N/A
N/A
15D
20
15/20*
15/20*
20
25
N/A
N/A
20D
25
25
25
15/20*
15/20*
30
N/A
N/A
30
30
N/A
N/A
*Circuit breaker configurations include 15/15,
15/20, and 20/20
*Note: Supplemental circuit breakers are reset
by pushing the button back in. The fault must be
removed before resetting the circuit breaker. Integral branch circuit rated breakers are reset by
setting the appropriate breaker switch to the “on”
position. The fault must be removed before resetting the circuit breaker.
If a 30-ampere service supplies the input to the
unit, a model with integral branch circuit rated
breakers allows direct wiring from the unit to the
load.
Inverter Idle Circuit
This automatic energy saving feature
reduces battery power consumption when no
AC load is present. Response from idle is
instantaneous. In most cases, the operation of
the idle circuit is not noticeable. Use of the
Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation
allows the idle threshold to be adjusted. The
unit does not put out 120 volts when in idle. To
bring the unit out of the idle condition, apply a
load.
Low and High Battery Shutdown
When in invert mode, if the battery
voltage drops to 10.0 volts, the inverter will
automatically shut off. Charge the batteries to
13.5 volts to automatically resume operation.
Voltage shutdown also occurs for a high
battery condition at 15.5 volts. Operation will
resume automatically when the battery voltage
drops below 15.5 volts. Check all DC sources
on the system for the reason for the excessive
voltage.
Power Sharing
When connected to an external AC
source the battery charger and transfer
functions are engaged. A unique Power
Sharing feature automatically reduces the AC
power consumption of the battery charger
allowing necessary AC power to go to the load.
This prevents the source AC INPUT circuit
breaker from tripping within the specified rating
of the AC circuit breaker.
The Power Sharing set point of each unit
has a factory default setting of 30 amps. This
can be changed using the Remote Control
Panel or Link Instrumentation.
5
THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW
Freedom 458 Series
with Branch Circuit Rated Breakers
Branch Circuit Breakers
20 Amp
Temperature Sensitive Charging
When the supplied battery temperature
sensor is connected to the unit and the
batteries, the charge voltage is controlled
based on battery temperature. The charger
adjusts the charge voltage to the best level,
minimizing water loss in wet cell batteries.
Charge voltage regulation optimizes the battery life cycle.
Shown:
Freedom 20D
81-2022-12
15 Amp
Integral Branch Circuit Rated Breakers
Models 15D&20D
Inverter/Charger
TSC Sensor
Branch Circuit
Rated Breaker
INPUT
To LOADS
Units with integral branch circuit rated
breaker protection require a branch circuit
rated breaker at the input only. The output to
two branch loads may be connected directly
at the unit output.
NOTE: The INPUT branch rated circuit
breaker may be at the source of AC power
(such as shorepower or generator, or from a
main AC distribution panel located before
the input of the unit).
Supplemental
Branch Circuit Rated Breakers
Inverter/Charger
Models
10,15,20,25,30
Branch Circuit
Rated Breaker
INPUT
6
*Models 25 and 30 include a
second input and output
Branch Circuit
Rated Breaker
Battery
OPERATION
The Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger provides
120 volt AC power from auxiliary DC batteries,
automatic battery charging and automatic AC
transfer switching between an external AC
source and inverter mode.
External AC Power
When external AC power is available, the
three-stage battery charger, transfer switching,
and Power Sharing automatically function.
When external AC power is not available
and the INVERT switch is ON (either through
the auxiliary switch or the INVERT button on
the remote), the inverter will automatically turn
ON. If the INVERT switch is OFF (the INVERT
LED will not be illuminated), the inverter will be
OFF.
If installed with the Remote Control Panel
or Link Instrumentation, the unit will be set up
and controlled from the remote. Refer to the
remote manual for more information.
Front Panel Controls and Indicators
INVERT MODE
The INVERT push-button switch is
located on the front of the unit and has two
functions:
• Turn the inverter ON/OFF and reset after
a fault condition. Pressing the INVERT switch
turns the inverter ON. The green INVERT LED
will be ON when the inverter is inverting. When
the inverter is ON, pressing the INVERT switch
turns the inverter OFF.
INVERT
CHARGE
• Battery type setup. To enter the battery
type select mode, press and hold the INVERT
switch for five seconds. The status LEDs will
change from indicating status information to
indicating battery type. The selection of the
battery type is made with the Charge switch.
Turning the INVERT OFF will reduce
battery power consumption to a very low level.
This is recommended if the unit will not be
used for an extended period of time.
CHARGE MODE
The CHARGE push-button switch has
two functions:
• Turn the charger ON and OFF
If external AC is present, pressing the
CHARGE switch will turn the charger ON.
The green CHARGE LED will be ON when the
charger is charging. When the charger is ON,
pressing this switch will turn the charger OFF.
• Select the battery type
After holding the INVERT switch for five seconds,
press the CHARGE switch to select the battery
type. One of the four LEDs will rapidly blink,
indicating the present battery type setting.
Press the CHARGE switch again to change
the battery type. Continue to press until the
desired battery type is selected. If the CHARGE
switch is not pressed for five seconds, the unit
will return to normal operation and the battery
type selection will have been made.
When the 12-volt input to the unit is
disconnected, the battery type setting is stored
in non-volatile memory. When the unit is
reconnected, the battery type selection
conveniently returns to the setting.
Freedom 20
7
OPERATION
STATUS LEDs
Each Status LED performs two functions,
providing battery type selection and operation
status.
Status LEDs
INVERT CHARGE
TSC
REMOTE
OVERTEMP
OVERLOAD / AGM
LOW BATTERY / GEL 2
CHARGE / GEL1
INVERT / WET
Battery Type Selection
After holding the INVERT button down for
five seconds, use the CHARGE button to select
battery type:
WET GEL 1
GEL 2
AGM
Operation Status
INVERT - Green LED
The INVERT push-button switch is located on
the front of the unit.
• When the LED is solid green, the unit is
in invert mode. This occurs by pressing the
INVERT switch for (three to five seconds).
• When the LED is blinking slowly (once
per second), the inverter is in standby with AC
power applied and the transfer switch engaged
• Press the INVERT switch again to turn
the inverter OFF.
CHARGE - Green LED
• The CHARGE push-button switch is
located on the front of the unit.
When external AC is applied to the AC
input of the unit, the charger automatically
turns ON. The CHARGE LED will be solid green.
• When the LED is blinking slowly (once
per second), the charger is ready, but external
AC power is not available.
8
• Press the CHARGE switch again to turn
the charger OFF. The charger defaults to ON
when operation without a remote or with the
Freedom Remote Control Panel.
• When the LED is OFF, the charger has
been manually turned OFF. This can only be
accomplished while AC power is being
supplied.
NOTE: When AC power is available, the
default setting for the charger is ON. If the unit
was manually turned OFF and AC power is
interrupted and becomes available again, the
charger will return to ON.
LOW BATTERY - Red LED
• When the LED is OFF the battery
voltage is normal, between 10.5 and 15.0
volts DC.
• When the LED is solid red, it indicates a
battery warning condition, the battery voltage is
below 10.5 volts DC or above 15.0 volts DC.
• When the LED is blinking slowly, (once
per second), a battery shutdown has occurred.
The voltage is either below 10.0 volts DC or
above 15.5 volts DC.
• When the LED is blinking rapidly (five
times per second), a potential problem in the
DC system has been detected. Check your
batteries, battery cables and DC loads.
OVERTEMP/OVERLOAD - Red LED
• When the LED is Off, operation is
normal.
• When the LED is red, there is an over
temp or overload condition. Check for
excessive loads or a short circuit on the output
of the inverter. Correct the condition and restart
by pushing the INVERT switch.
OPERATION
• When the LED is blinking slowly (once
per second), an over-current condition or a
short circuit has occured. The system has
Overtemp
shut OFF and will not automatically restart.
Remote
Correct the fault condition and manually restart Low
Battery
the system.
TSC
Auxiliary Port
LOW BATTERY AND OVERTEMP/OVERLOAD - Red LEDs
• When both LEDs are blinking, an AC
backfeed has been detected. A backfeed
occurs when AC power from an external
source is connected to the output of the
inverter. Inspect wiring for possible input/output
wiring error. This condition will damage the unit
and must be corrected before further
operation.
TSC (Temperature Sensitive Charging)
This provides for the connection of a
sensor to measure battery temperature for
compensated charging. If no sensor is
connected the charge voltage levels are set to
defaults based on battery type.
OPTIONAL REMOTES
If using one of the remotes, refer to the
installation instructions included with the
remote.
Note: When a Freedom Remote Control
Panel or Link is installed, the jumper included
in the parts plastic bag is not used in the
Auxiliary Switch Port (AUX SWITCH) on the
front panel of the inverter/charger. See page 23
for more details.
9
OPTIONAL REMOTE CONTROL PANELS
Freedom Remote Control Panel
An optional remote control panel is
available. The LED bar graphs on the remote
control panel show battery voltage and DC
current in both inverter and charger modes.
Easy-to-see red, yellow and green LEDs
show the battery state of charge. Power
Sharing, charger ON/OFF, inverter ON/OFF
controls are provided. Setup features include
selection of Idle Threshold, Battery Type and
Battery Capacity.
Freedom Remote Control Panel
ADVANCED REMOTE CONTROL PANELS
Link Instrument
Advanced remote control panels are also
available: the Link 1000, 2000 and 2000-R.
LINK 1000
Link 1000 controls the Freedom Inverter/
Charger and provides complete battery
state of charge information including DC
voltage, current, amp hours consumed, Time
Remaining and historical data for a single
battery bank.
LINK 1000
10
LINK 2000
The Link 2000 has the same features as
the Link 1000, providing inverter/charger
control and complete battery state of charge
information. It monitors two battery banks.
LINK 2000
LINK 2000-R
The Link 2000-R adds the ability to
regulate an engine-driven alternator. The
precision regulator in the Link 2000-R allows
the alternator to be controlled as a three-stage
battery charging system.
If a Link Instrument is used to control the
inverter/charger, refer to the Link Owner’s
Manual for setup and control information.
Refer to the Freedom Remote Control Panel
or Link Owner’s Manual for
installation and operation instructions
The jumper is not installed in the AUX
Switch Port on the front panel of the
inverter when the Freedom Remote
Control Panel or Link Instrument is used.
See page 23 for more details.
BATTERIES
Wet cell batteries will give off gas as a
natural result of charging and will experience
some water loss. It is very important that the
electrolyte level be checked frequently and
topped off with distilled water when necessary.
Follow the battery manufacturer’s
recommendations for maintenance.
Never allow the top of the battery plates to
be exposed to air, as contamination of the cell
will result. Keep the top of batteries clean.
Always provide adequate ventilation for the
battery storage compartment.
BATTERY TYPES
Use only deep-cycle batteries with your
Freedom Inverter/Charger. These fall into three
broad categories: wet cell, gel cell and
Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat)
batteries.
Wet Cell Batteries
True deep-cycle wet cell batteries are
characterized by relatively thick internal plates
that are alloyed with antimony.
Do not use ordinary car batteries or
engine starting batteries with your inverter/
charger. Beware of any battery that is rated in
Cold Cranking Amps (CCA). This is a rating
which applies only to engine starting batteries.
In general, most wet cell batteries that are
described as hybrid type batteries, suitable for
either engine starting or deep-cycle
applications are a compromise and will have
limited life if deeply discharged.
Common 12-volt marine/RV deep-cycle
batteries are acceptable. Golf cart
batteries perform well and may have a
longer life. These 6-volt batteries must be
used in series connected in pairs. High
quality deep-cycle batteries offer good
performance and are available in a wide
variety of sizes.
11
BATTERIES
Beware of so-called maintenance-free
batteries. These batteries have calcium
alloyed with the lead and hold the liquid
electrolyte in a sponge-like material. They are
sealed and water cannot be added. Do not
confuse them with true gel cell or AGM
batteries—they will not hold up well to deep
discharging and repeated cycling.
Gel Cell Batteries
Gel cell batteries are lead-acid batteries
similar in many ways to the common wet cell
battery, but differences in the chemistry and
construction provide some unique features.
• No Maintenance
Series
Connecting two batteries in series will
double the voltage of the battery bank. For
instance, two 6-volt batteries connected in
series will produce 12 volts. The amp-hour
capacity of the battery bank will be the same
as each individual battery. Example, two 6-volt
220 amp-hour batteries in series will produce
one 12-volt 220 amp-hour battery bank.
+
+
+
• Low Self-Discharge Rate
• Low Internal Resistance
Even though gel cells are sealed
batteries, the battery compartment should still
be ventilated.
Advanced AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat)
Batteries
This battery is lead acid but maintenancefree. The performance is similar to gel cell
batteries. The charge parameters are similar
to wet cell batteries.
Battery Selection
The most important feature to consider in
making your battery selection is to select true
deep cycle batteries rated in amp hours (Ah)
and sized to match your power requirements.
BATTERY INTERCONNECTION
In most cases, you will be using a bank
of two or more batteries with your inverter/
charger. You may connect batteries together in
two configurations—series and parallel—
depending on their voltage.
12
Series
Series Increase Voltage
+
6V
_
EACH BATTERY
CAPACITY:
220
AMP HOURS
@ 6 VDC
+
6V
_
+
12 V INVERTER
_
TOTAL BATTERY
BANK CAPACITY:
220
AMP HOURS
@ 12 VDC
BATTERIES
Parallel
Connecting two batteries in parallel will
double the amp-hour rating of the battery bank,
while the voltage will be the same as each
individual battery. For example, two 12-volt 105
amp-hour batteries in parallel will produce one
12-volt 210 amp-hour battery bank.
Note: It is not advisable to connect
batteries of different case sizes or amp-hour
ratings in the same battery bank.
+
Always use properly sized wire and
terminals for your interconnecting battery
cables. For size information refer to NEC
requirements or contact your local
electrician.
Parallel Increase Amp-Hour Capacity
BATTERY BANK RATINGS AND SIZING
Deep-cycle batteries are usually rated in
amp hours. The amp-hour rating is based on a
20-hour discharge rate; therefore, a 100
amp-hour battery can deliver 5 amps for 20
hours. If the discharge rate is greater than 5
amps, the available amp hours are decreased.
For example, if the load is increased to 100
amps, only about 45 amp hours will be available at this rate of discharge.
+
Parallel
+
+
12 V
12 V
_
EACH BATTERY
CAPACITY:
105
AMP HOURS
@ 12 VDC
_
+
12VINVERTER
_
TOTAL BATTERY
BANK CAPACITY:
210
AMP HOURS
@ 12 VDC
Deep-cycle batteries can be discharged
about 80% of capacity before damage occurs.
Shallow cycling will result in much longer
battery life. Calculating a battery bank size
based on 50% discharge cycling is generally
considered to be a good compromise between
long battery life and size.
Only similar batteries should be
connected together in one bank. Do not
connect old and new batteries together or wet
and gel cell batteries together. In the above
drawing, the load is connected to the positive
terminal of the first battery and the negative
terminal of the last battery. This practice helps
to balance the battery bank and is called
cross-connecting the battery bank.
13
BATTERIES
To achieve 50% cycling you should
calculate your amp-hour consumption
between charging cycles and use a battery
bank with twice that capacity**. Each AC
appliance or tool has a rating plate on it and will
be rated in either AC amps or watts or AC VA
(volt-amps) apparent power. To calculate amphour consumption, use one of the formulas to
the right to calculate the DC amp-hour draw for
a 12-volt system.
Calculate the amp hours for every AC
appliance or tool that will be operated on the
inverter. This will provide the total number of
amp hours used between recharges. Size the
battery bank using this number as a guideline.
A good rule to follow is to size the battery bank
a minimum of two times larger than the
total amp-hour load requirement. Plan on
recharging when 50% discharged.
**Batteries are typically charged to 85% of full
charge when charging with alternators without threestage regulators.
AMP-HOUR CONSUMPTION FORMULAS
(AC amps x 10) x 1.1 x hours of
operation = DC amp hours
(watts/ DC voltage) x 1.1 x hours of
operation = DC amp hours
(AC VA/ DC voltage) x 1.1 x hours of
operation = DC amp hours
DC voltage is 12, 24 or 32 depending on
your system.
In all formulas, 1.1 is the correction factor for
inverter efficiency.
Typical Power Consumptlon
The chart identifies typical power
consumption for common AC loads. Use it as
a guide when identifying your power
requirements.
Typical Pow er Consumption
Appliance Run Times / Amp Hours
Appliance
Typical
Wattage
1 Hr.
2 Hr.
3 Hr.
8 Hr.
24 Hr.
13" Color TV
50
.33
1
2
4
8
12
32
96
19" Color TV
100
.66
2
4
8
16
24
64
192
5 Min.
15 Min. 30 Min.
VC R
50
.33
1
2
4
8
12
32
96
Lamp
100
.66
2
4
8
16
24
64
192
Blender
300
2
6
12
Laptop Computer
50
.33
1
2
4
8
2.6
5.2
10.4
15.6
41.6
83.2
40
80
160
2
4
8
12
32
96
336
672
Curling Iron
50
.33
1
2
3/8 Power Drill
500
3.3
10
20
6.6
20
Icemaker*
200
Coffee Maker
1000
3 cu' Refrigerator*
150
20 cu' Refrigerator*
750
Compact Microwave
750
Full Size Microwave
Vacuum
21
42
84
126
30
60
120
180
30
60
120
240
360
22
44
88
176
264
5
15
1500
10
1100
7.3
Number in each box represents the total Amp hours used (@ 12 volt DC) based on various continuous run times.
*Note refrigeration is typically calculated using a 1/3-duty cyle.
14
Many electric motors have
momentary starting requirements
well above their operational rating.
Start up watts are listed where
appropriate. Individual styles and
brands of appliances may vary.
If using the same battery
bank for the inverter and other
DC loads, be sure to consider
the power consumption of the
DC loads when sizing the
battery bank.
NOTE Certain laser printers, breadmakers,
digital clocks and appliance/tool chargers
may not operate on modified sine wave.
BATTERY CHARGING
Battery Charging
Completely charging wet cell deep-cycle
batteries requires the battery voltage to be
raised beyond what is known as the gassing
point. This is the voltage at which the battery
begins to bubble and gas is given off. If
charging stops short of this point, sulfate is left
on the plates and deterioration of the battery
begins. The gassing point will vary with battery
temperature.
At 77 °F, the gassing point of a 12-volt
battery is about 14.0 volts.
Freedom Battery Chargers
Freedom battery chargers are designed
to overcome the limitations of conventional
chargers by utilizing three distinct charge
stages, each designed for optimal charging of
wet, gel cell and AGM deep-cycle batteries.
Battery type selection is made on the front
panel of the inverter/charger or through the
Freedom Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation. For more information on battery
type selection, see page 7 or refer to the
Freedom Remote Control Panel manual.
AGM and Gel cell batteries must not be
charged to their gassing point. In fact, highvoltage charging that gasses these batteries is
harmful to them. They typically require a lower
bulk charge voltage and a higher float voltage
than wet cell batteries. Consult the battery
manufacturer for specifications.
15
BATTERY CHARGING
NOTE: Freedom battery chargers are ON
whenever AC power is connected to the
charger input. The charger can be turned OFF
using the CHARGE switch on the front of the
unit. This sequence will occur each time
external AC power is available. The charger
can be turned ON/OFF using the Remote
Control Panel or Link Instrumentation.
Each time the battery charger is engaged,
the three-stage charger proceeds automatically, resulting in an efficient complete charge
and safe battery maintenance. Use of the
Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument
provides the ability to periodically apply an
equalizing charge.
Refer to the Remote Control Panel or the
Link Instrument Owner’s Manual for more
information.
16
The battery charger stages are:
Stage 1 - Bulk Charge During the bulk
charge stage most of the energy that has
been consumed during discharge is returned
to the battery bank. This phase is engaged as
soon as the battery charger is activated. Full
rated charger current is delivered to the
battery bank until the acceptance charge
voltage limit is reached. This results in a relatively
rapid recharge.
Generally, a wet cell battery bank should
not be charged at a rate that exceeds 25% of
its capacity.
BATTERY CHARGING
Gel cell and Advanced AGM batteries can
accept a higher rate of charge. Consult the
manufacturer for specifications.
Stage 2 - Acceptance Charge The
acceptance stage immediately follows the bulk
charge stage. During this stage the battery
voltage is held constant at the bulk charge
voltage limit and the current gradually ramps
down. During this stage the battery is accepting
its final amount of charge current and the last
of the sulfate on the plates is removed.
The float charge stage holds the battery
voltage constant at a preset lower level, where
it is safe for long-term battery maintenance.
During the float charge stage, the full output
current of the battery charger is available to
operate any DC appliances that may be on the
system, while constantly maintaining the float
charge voltage.
The battery charger remains in the float
charge stage indefinitely until the charger is
disconnected from incoming AC power or
turned OFF on the unit or with the Freedom
Remote Control Panel or Link Instrumentation.
The acceptance stage lasts until the
charge current reaches the transition point. A
Stage 4 - Equalizing Charge This is the
timer will terminate the acceptance stage if this
only battery charger stage which is not engaged
current level is not reached.
automatically. It must be manually initiated
ACCEPTANCE TO FLOAT TRANSITION POINTS
each time. Applying an equalizing charge is
10 Ampere DC
Freedom 10
possible only with a Freedom Remote Control
12 Ampere DC
Freedom 15 & 15D
Panel or Link Instrument.
Freedom 20 & 20D
15 Ampere DC
Freedom 25
Freedom 30
15 Ampere DC
15 Ampere DC
Maximum acceptance time is one hour
for wet and AGM cells and three hours for gel
cells. Gel cell acceptance time can be longer
because they are less likely to gas. Expect wet
cell batteries to gas somewhat during
acceptance—this is a necessary part of the
charging process.
Periodic equalizing is recommended by
most wet cell deep-cycle battery manufacturers.
There are no firm rules for how often an equalizing charge should be applied. Follow the battery
manufacturer’s recommendations for equalizing.
NOTE: The acceptance stage timer is not
used when Link Instruments control the
charger. Refer to the Link Owner’s Manual.
Stage 3 - Float Charge When the
acceptance stage is terminated, either
because the charge current ramped down to
the transition point or the timer engaged, the
charge current will shut off. The unit monitors
the battery voltage while it drifts down from the
acceptance charge voltage limit. When it
reaches the float voltage set point, the float
charge stage is engaged.
17
BATTERY CHARGING
The equalizing charge is a timed, eighthour cycle. The cycle can be ended early by
interrupting the AC power to the charger at any
time during the cycle. Equalizing should only
be engaged after the batteries have been fully
charged by a normal battery charging cycle.
During this equalizing stage, the battery
voltage will increase to the equalize voltage.
This will cause the battery bank to gas
profusely and will accomplish the following:
1. Removal of residual sulfate. Each time a
battery is cycled (discharged and charged), a
small amount of sulfate is left on the plates.
Over time, this gradual build-up of sulfate will
compromise the performance of the battery.
By applying an equalizing charge, the sulfate is
returned back to the electrolyte, raising the
specific gravity and fully exposing the active
material of the plates.
2. Bring all cells to the same potential. All
lead-acid batteries are made up of individual
2-volt cells. As the battery bank is cycled, slight
differences in the cells result in different cell
voltages, affecting the overall charge
effectiveness. Equalizing brings all cells to the
same voltage and the electrolyte in each cell to
the same specific gravity.
3. Mixing up of the electrolyte. Electrolyte in
battery cells tend to separate into layers of acid
and water. The vigorous bubbling action of the
battery during equalizing serves to physically
mix the electrolyte. Refer to the Remote
Control Panel and Link Owner’s Manuals for
additional cautions on equalizing.
Note: Do not equalize gel cell batteries.
18
BATTERY CHARGING
WARNINGS
1. Do not equalize gel cell batteries.
Check remote default settings.
2. Always monitor the equalize charge
cycle. Provide proper ventilation for
battery fumes. Do not allow any sparks
during equalizing. If one or more cells
begin to overflow, terminate the equalize
cycle.
3. Check the battery electrolyte both
before and after the equalizing charge.
Do not expose the battery plates to air.
Leave the battery caps on while
equalizing. Top off after equalizing.
4. Remove all loads from the DC
system before equalizing. Some DC
loads may not tolerate the high charge
voltage.
5. With the Freedom Remote Control
Panel the battery state-of-charge LEDs
sequence during equalizing. When the
equalization cycle is complete, the charge
automatically goes to float and the green
float LED battery status light is on. With
Link Instrumentation, the red charge
LED flashes during the equalizing cycle.
When the equalization cycle is complete,
the charger automatically goes to float and
the green float LED is illuminated.
19
BATTERY CHARGER VOLTAGE SETTINGS
TEMP
TYPE 0
TYPE 1
TYPE 2
TYPE 3
Wet Cell
Gel 1 *
Gel 2 *
AGM
°F
°C
ACCEPT
FLOAT ACCEPT
FLOAT ACCEPT
FLOAT
ACCEPT
FLOAT
120
49
12.5
12.5
13.0
13.0
13.0
13.0
12.9
12.9
110
43
13.6
12.7
13.5
13.0
14.0
13.4
13.9
12.9
100
38
13.8
12.9
13.7
13.2
14.1
13.5
14.0
13.0
90
32
14.0
13.1
13.8
13.3
14.2
13.6
14.1
13.1
80
27
14.2
13.3
14.0
13.5
14.3
13.7
14.2
13.2
70 ** 21 **
14.4
13.5
14.1
13.6
14.4
13.8
14.3
13.3
60
16
14.6
13.7
14.3
13.8
14.5
13.9
14.4
13.4
50
10
14.8
13.9
14.4
13.9
14.6
14.0
14.5
13.5
40
5
15.0
14.1
14.6
14.1
14.7
14.1
14.6
13.6
30
-1
15.2
14.3
14.7
14.2
14.8
14.2
14.7
13.7
* There are two gel battery settings. Check with the battery manufacturer to determine the
proper setting for your batteries. Usually, Gel 1 is for long battery life; Gel 2 is for rapid charging.
**Default setting when the temperature sensor is not connected.
20
INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS
CAUTION This equipment is not ignition
protected and employs components that can
produce arcs or sparks. To reduce the risk of
fire or explosions, do not install in
unvented compartments containing
batteries or flammable gasses or areas in
which ignition-protected equipment is required.
WARNING
For continued protection against risk of
electric shock, use only the ground-fault
circuit interrupter (GFCI) type receptacles
detailed in this manual. Other types may
fail to operate properly when connected to
this inverter, resulting in a potential shock
hazard.
CAUTION To reduce the risk of electric shock
and prevent premature failure due to corrosion,
do not mount where exposed to rain,
dripping or spray.
CAUTION To reduce the risk of fire, do not
obstruct ventilation openings. Do not mount
in a zero-clearance compartment—
overheating may result.
Confirm that your shipping carton contains:
• Inverter/Charger
• TSC temperature sensor with 15' cable
• Owner’s Manual
• Warranty Card
• Jumper for AUX Switch (only used without
Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument)
• Wire Nuts
Typical Tools Needed
Flathead and Phillips Screwdrivers
Allen (Hex) Screwdriver (1/8'')
Wrench for connecting battery cables (9/16'')
Wire Cutters
Wire Strippers
Misc. assortment of wire ties and connectors
Accessories Needed for Installation
Fuse: UL Listed DC Rated slow blow fuse as
required by NEC
Electrical wire (10 gauge) for AC input wiring.
Consult NEC for proper size for output wiring.
Battery Cables 1-Positive, 1-Negative
Consult NEC for proper size
DC fuse cable
Mounting Screws (4)
CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Both
AC and DC voltage sources are
terminated inside this equipment. Before
servicing disconnect all inputs and outputs.
Freedom 20
The Freedom 15D and 20D have
dual AC Outputs.
21
INSTALLATION
CAUTION Risk of electrical shock. Do not
remove cover, no user serviceable parts
inside. Refer servicing to qualified service
personnel.
The Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger is
appropriate for installation in recreational
vehicles (RV) and other applications.
It is recommended that installation be
completed by an authorized Xantrex technical
dealer or experienced electrician.
Key Installation Points
1. The unit is designed to mount
horizontally (on a shelf).
2. Allow several inches of clearance around
the unit to permit a supply of fresh air to the
cooling fan. Do not block any of the vents or
louvers. The thermostat controlled fan pulls air
from outside the unit. It pulls air across the
internal components, particularly the transformer and heat sinks, then out the fan vent.
3. Keep the inverter/charger out of the
elements and out of direct contact with
water or spray. Failure to do so may result in
premature malfunction from corrosion and void
the warranty.
4. Mount the unit as close to the batteries
as possible but not in the presence of
flammable fumes or in an enclosed battery
compartment.
WARNING
Do not mount the unit in an enclosed
battery compartment. Take precautions to
keep dirt and spray off the unit.
22
5. Keep the overall length of each battery
cable less than 10 feet. Do not use frame
ground or a ground bonding system as a
current carrying conductor. Run the negative
(-) cable directly to the battery bank. If the
positive (+) and negative (-) cables run parallel
to each other, twist the cables together. This
will minimize the inductive adverse effects of
cable length. Be sure the cable size meets
with NEC requirements for your installation.
6. Make sure all wiring conforms to local
and national electrical codes. If in doubt,
consult with a qualified electrician.
7. To meet electrical codes, a UL Listed DC
Rated slow blow fuse must be installed in the
positive battery cable within 18 inches of the
battery post. This fuse is intended to protect
the battery and cables against a short circuit.
The inverter is protected internally and will not
blow a properly sized fuse.
8. Do not connect the battery until you
have read the remainder of the installation
section. Observe proper polarity when
connecting batteries. Reverse DC polarity will
result in damage to the unit and will void the
warranty. Use care when making the DC
connections.
WARNING
The Freedom Series is not DC reverse
polarity protected. Be very careful to
connect the negative and positive cables
correctly, otherwise damage will result and
the warranty will be void.
INSTALLATION
9. Do not backfeed the AC output of the inverter with incoming AC power. A backfeed
occurs when AC power from shorepower or
generator is connected to the output of the
inverter. This will damage the inverter and void
the warranty. Remember that incoming AC
must be fed only to the AC input and never the
AC output. Always check for AC voltage before
connecting wires to the AC output. Do NOT
turn the inverter ON until all AC connections
have been made. Backfeeding the inverter
voids the warranty.
WARNING
Do not connect incoming AC from any
source to the AC output of the inverter.
This is known as backfeeding and will
damage the unit and void the warranty.
10. Do not connect the AC input to the AC
output. This would be equivalent to plugging
the battery charger into the inverter. This could
occur if the unit’s AC output is connected to
the entire leg of a circuit breaker panel, then a
circuit breaker on that leg is used to feed the
battery charger input. This will cause the unit to
oscillate ON and OFF when the unit is in
inverter mode.
11. Always use proper wire and
connectors. The proper battery cable size is
critical. Considerable amperage flows in the
DC circuit. For the Freedom 10 use 2 AWG
(for the Freedom 15, 20, 25, 2/0 AWG; for the
Freedom 30, 3/0 AWG) UL Listed Welding
Cable terminated on each with UL Listed or UL
Recognized ring terminal connectors. For the
terminal, use Thomas & Betts (T&B) part
number BAL 2038. Be sure the connectors are
attached to the cable using a method approved
by the connector manufacturer. For the
connections to meet all requirements, T&B
recommends that each terminal be crimped in
two places with a pressure of 15 tons using a
hexagonal die. The T&B die has a code number
of 54. After the crimp is made, the barrel of the
terminal and the first inch of the cable needs to
be covered in UL Listed or UL Recognized
heat shrink tubing. Xantrex recommends a
2-inch length of 3M HDT 0800 tubing. Other
heat shrink may be used if it is UL Listed or
UL Recognized as long as the
manufacturer’s directions are followed.
12. If installing in a system which includes an
existing battery charger or AC to DC converter,
make sure these do not operate from the
inverter output AC power. This sets up a
power loop which, due to inefficiencies, will
quickly drain the batteries.
13. An Auxiliary Switch port is located on the
front panel of the unit, covered by a flap. When
installing the unit for operation without a Remote
Control Panel or Link Instrument, a jumper must
be installed in the Aux Switch port. The jumper
is shipped in a plastic bag with other installation
parts. DO NOT install the jumper until all cable
connections have been made.
When using a Freedom Remote Control
Panel or Link Instrument, the jumper is not
used.
Jumper
Auxiliary Switch Port
Actual size 3/8” L x 3/16” W
Freedom 20
23
INSTALLATION
Grounding
For safety purposes, the chassis of the
inverter/charger must be connected to your AC
ground system. Use 8 AWG bare copper or
green insulated wire, strip one end and use a
screwdriver to secure it to the chassis ground
bonding lug on the side of the unit. This wire
will connect to the ground in your AC electrical
system. Make sure the connection is clean
and tight.
The system AC ground bonding terminal
is located on the front of the unit under the
wiring cover at the bottom of the unit. This
connector is for the bare copper or green
ground wires from the AC branch circuit supply
and to the AC loads or distribution panel. It is
important that these AC input and AC output
ground wires connect to the AC ground bus in
the circuit breaker panels.
Some installations require heavier
grounding wire. Conform to local and national
electrical codes.
More information on grounding can be
found in the National Electrical Code and
local electrical codes.
Ground Lug
24
Note: The battery cables are not
connected to the AC ground strip or to the
chassis lug of the unit.
Neutral Bonding
For safety purposes and NEC code
requirements, the Freedom Combi unit
internally bonds the AC output neutral (white)
to the AC output ground (green), when the unit
is OFF or in the inverter mode. When incoming
AC power is applied and the transfer switch is
engaged, the internal neutral-to-ground bond is
automatically lifted.
When external AC power is applied, the
grounding system is connected to the source
power ground, where neutral and earth ground
are bonded together. This technique ensures
safety in all conditions and conforms to the
requirements of the NEC.
WARNING
Do not connect incoming AC from any
source to the AC output of the inverter/
charger. This is known as backfeeding and
will damage the unit and void the warranty.
The Over Temp/Overload and Low Battery
LEDs will be blinking rapidly if this
condition exists.
INSTALLATION
AC Wiring
The AC wires route through the strain
relief mounted in holes on the front of the unit.
Use a screwdriver to remove the screws
which secure the AC wiring compartment
cover plate. Depending upon which model you
have, there can be one or two AC inputs and
one or two AC outputs within the AC wiring
compartment. The labeling for the pigtails is on
the front of the unit and is visible when the
cover plate is removed. Note: Green wires are
connected to the AC Ground Strip.
Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hot or Line
White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neutral
Conventional metal strain reliefs are
provided. These can be replaced with plastic
strain reliefs for additional corrosion resistance
or 3/4 inch conduit fittings if the wiring will be
routed through a conduit.
Appropriate wire gauges must be used
throughout the installation. Refer to NEC
specifications.
AC Input: All inputs from other AC
sources must be protected by branch circuit
rated circuit breakers.
In the United States, no additional circuit
breakers are required between the inverter/
charger and the loads if the service to the
inverter/charger is protected by a 20 ampere
branch circuit rated breaker. This also applies
to Dual Input models where the inputs may be
20 amperes each. In Canada, 15 ampere
branch circuit(s) maximum shall provide the
service.
If a 30 ampere service supplies the
inverter/charger, additional 20 ampere (15
ampere in Canada) maximum branch circuit
rated circuit breakers will be required between
the inverter/charger and the loads.
Feed one or two 3-conductor AC input
wire(s) through the strain relief and into the AC
wiring compartment. Allow 6 inches of
individual insulated black, white and green wire
to work with. Strip 1/2 inch of insulation off
each conductor and connect to the pigtails:
Black to Black, White to White, and Green to
AC Ground Strip.
Use the wire nuts provided to make the
wire connections. You may chose to use butt
splices (not included) to make the wire
connections.
AC Output: Depending on the model you
have, feed one or two 3-conductor AC output
wire groups for the two branch circuit loads
through its strain relief. Remember to allow 6
inches of individual insulated black, white and
green wire to work with. Strip 1/2 inch of
insulation off each conductor and connect to
the pigtails: Black to Black, White to White,
and Green to AC Ground Strip.
Tug firmly on each connection to make
sure they are secure. Later, if the unit is not
operating properly, check these connections
first. Carefully tuck the wires into the AC wiring
compartment. Replace the cover plate.
Dual AC Output
STRAIN
RELIEF
STRAIN
RELIEF
INPUT
AC GROUND
STRIP
AC OUTPUT 2
AC OUTPUT 1
25
INSTALLATION
Ground Fault Circult Interrupters
To conform to NEC regulations, certain
branch circuits must be equipped with a
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI). Please
consult the code or a qualified electrician for
details. Any such branch circuits must be
protected by a brand rated circuit breaker
consistent with the GFCI rating. Underwriters
Laboratories has tested the following GFCI,
and its use is recommended. Receptacle Type:
Pass & Seymour
Catalog Number 1591
Rated: 15 amps at 120 volts AC
Remote Control Wiring
If installing a remote panel, route the
remote cable and connect to the remote jack
on the front of the unit. Refer to the Freedom
Remote Control Panel or Link Owner’s Manual
for more information.
TSC Temperature Sensor
If installing the TSC (Temperature
Sensitive Charging) sensor, connect the ring
terminal end to the positive battery post,
complete the routing of the RJ11 cable (15 feet
supplied) and connect the plug end to the TSC
jack on the front of the unit.
TSC Jack
RJ11 Cable
DC Wiring
DC wiring is generally very simple, the
positive (+, may be red for identification) and
negative (-, may be black or yellow for
identification) cables from the inverter/charger
terminal posts are connected to the house or
auxiliary battery. Connection to the engine
starter battery is not recommended.
High current will pass through the DC
wiring. All wires must be properly sized and
all connections clean and tight. It is
recommended that the battery cable length
does not exceed 10 feet.
Battery cables should be connected to the
inverter/charger before any connections are
made to the battery. Follow the battery
hardware stackup diagram.
• Remove the negative (-) battery cable
cover from the unit and attach the battery
cable. Tighten the battery terminal bolts to a
torque value between 160 inch-pounds and
180 inch-pounds. Replace the cover for the
negative terminal before removing the cover for
the positive terminal.
Battery Cable
Hardware Stackup
Diagram
Bolt
Lock Washer
Flat Washer
Battery Cable
Battery
Inverter/Charger
Freedom 20 shown.
CAUTION Improper stackup may result in
excessive heat and damage to the unit.
WARNING
Freedom Inverter/Chargers are not protected against DC reverse polarity. Be very careful to connect the
negative and positive cables correctly or damage will result and the warranty will be void.
26
INSTALLATION
• Remove the positive (+) battery cable
terminal cover from the unit and attach the
battery cable. Tighten the battery terminal bolts
to a torque value between 160 inch-pounds
and 180 inch-pounds. Replace the cover for
the positive terminal.
The negative (-) cable should be
connected directly to the negative post of the
house or auxiliary battery bank or the ground
side of a current shunt. Tighten securely.
If multiple battery banks are to be
charged, a battery bank selector switch can be
installed, allowing the banks to be charged
either individually or simultaneously. A solenoid
can also be used. The PathMaker Battery
Combiner, by Xantrex, may be used to
connect multiple battery banks. The
PathMaker battery combiner is available from
your Xantrex dealer.
The positive (+) battery cable must be
fused and connected to the positive post of the
house or auxiliary battery bank, or through a
selector switch to one or more battery banks.
A spark may be generated when the final
battery connection is made. This is normal; do
not be alarmed. However, do not make the final
connection in the presence of flammable fumes.
If multiple batteries are used, the
interconnecting jumper cables must be the
same AWG or larger as those connected to
the inverter/charger.
NOTE: If installing in a vehicle, do not use the
vehicle frame as the negative conductor.
POSITIVE (+)
(Battery Cable
PathMaker 100, 2 Channel
PathMaker Models
100 Amp, 2 Channel
100 Amp, 3 Channel
200 Amp, 2 Channel
200 Amp, 3 Channel
Cover on)
NEGATIVE (-)
(Battery Cable
Cover on)
Freedom 20
27
INSTALLATION
Battery Cable Fusing
A fuse is required by the NEC to protect
the battery and cables. A UL Listed DC rated
slow blow fuse must be installed in the positive
(+) battery cable, within 18 inches of the
battery.
Recommended Fuse: UL Listed Class T
JLLN with a DC Rating. This fuse with fuse
holder is available from your dealer or Xantrex.
For Freedom 10
200 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4155-00 (C/R)*
200 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4158-00 (R/R)**
200 Amp Fuse Only
PN# 84-4157-00
For Freedom 15 & 15D
200 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4155-00 (C/R)*
200 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4158-00 (R/R)**
200 Amp Fuse Only
PN# 84-4157-00
For Freedom 20 & 20D
300 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4156-00 (C/R)*
300 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-41554-00 (R/R)**
300 Amp Fuse Only
PN# 84-4117-00
For Freedom 25
300 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4156-00 (C/R)*
300 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4154-00 (R/R)**
300 Amp Fuse Only
PN# 84-4151-00
For Freedom 30
350 Amp Fuse & Holder PN# 84-4159-00
350 Amp Fuse Only
PN# 84-4152-00
* Compression / Ring Terminal
** Ring / Ring Terminal
_
+
+ (red)
COMPRESSION / RING TERMINAL
EXPLODED VIEWS
NUT
OF FUSE ASSEMBLY
LOCK WASHER
FLAT WASHER
INVERTER
CABLE
RING / RING TERMINAL
BATTERY
CABLE
NUT
LOCK WASHER
FUSE
FUSE HOLDER
WARNING
Improper stack up of hardware will cause
excessive heat and fuse failure. Stack up
as shown.
28
INVERTER
CABLE
FLAT WASHER
BATTERY
CABLE
FUSE
FUSE HOLDER
INSTALLATION
Follow these instructions to ensure
proper start up and confirm that the installation
is correct.
1. Check to make sure Invert and Charge
are OFF. The INVERT LED should not be
illuminated, the CHARGE LED should be
blinking (charger ready but no external AC
power available). If using a Remote Control
Panel or a Link Instrument, make sure inverter
and charger are OFF.
2. Check battery polarity. If the unit was
connected to the battery with reverse polarity,
the unit will be damaged.
3. Check the battery voltage and ensure
it is within proper range for the unit (10–15.5
VDC).
4. Install the jumper in the Auxiliary
Switch port (AUX SWITCH), if using the inverter
without remote. If operating the inverter with a
remote, the jumper should not be used.
Do not apply shorepower or
generator power without performing the
following steps:
1. Test the inverter function:
• With no loads connected to the output of
the inverter, turn the INVERT Switch ON. The
INVERT LED should be blinking green. If using
a remote, turn ON the inverter with the switch
on the Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument.
• The Freedom Inverter/Charger will produce
a slight buzz. If using a Freedom Remote
Control Panel or Link Instrument the INVERT/
CHARGE LEDs will illuminate and the voltage
indicator will display the battery voltage. The
DC Amps LED will not be lit because the unit
is in the idle mode.
WARNING
Do not turn the inverter ON before
eliminating any possibility of backfeed.
• Add a load of 7 watts or more to the output
of the inverter. A 40 watt incandescent light
bulb will work fine. The DC Amps LEDs on the
remote will indicate the DC draw from the
battery through the inverter.
• Leave the load connected and turn OFF the
INVERT mode by pressing the INVERT switch
or turn OFF the INVERT mode from the Freedom
Remote Control Panel or Link Instrument.
2. Test the transfer function:
• Be sure the unit is OFF—the INVERT and
CHARGE LEDs are not illuminated. Apply
shorepower. If there is a backfeed in the
installation, the unit will protect itself, the LOW
BATTERY and OVERTEMP/OVERLOAD LED
will both be blinking rapidly (five times per
second). Do not proceed until the backfeed
condition has been corrected.
• Once shorepower has been applied to the
unit, there will be approximately an 8-second
delay. Then the unit should transfer shorepower
and power the load. If this does not happen, do
not proceed. If the LOW BATTERY and OVERLOAD/OVERTEMP LEDs are blinking rapidly
or if you are using a Freedom Remote Control
Panel or Link Instrument, check the panel for
backfeed indication. The panel will show an
overload condition. Eliminate the backfeed
condition.
29
INSTALLATION
• Testing for backfeed. If a backfeed
condition is indicated, disconnect from
shorepower and disconnect the AC output
wires on the inverter. Make sure the inverter is
OFF. Apply shorepower and measure for
voltage between the black and white wires that
were attached to the inverter output feeding the
electrical panel or loads, not the inverter output
wires. If there is voltage on these wires, a
backfeed condition exists and must be
corrected or damage will result.
• Turn the INVERT ON, the green LED
should blink. Remove shorepower and the
inverter should automatically pick up the AC
load when shorepower is removed.
3. Test the battery charger function:
• With shorepower applied and the
transfer switch engaged, the battery charger
should be in operation. The CHARGE LED will
blink for 8 seconds. After the 8 seconds, the
unit will enter the charge mode and the LED
will be illuminated. (NOTE: When using
Temperature Sensitive Charging, this time may
be longer.)
Congratulations, you have completed a
successful installation.
NOTE: When AC is available, the unit will
automatically default to charge mode without
the operator setting the unit in CHARGE mode.
It is necessary to press the CHARGE switch
OFF, if you do not want to charge.
Verify the charger is working by using a
voltmeter. The battery voltage should gradually
increase. If using a Freedom Remote Control
Panel, the DC Amps LED indicates the current
the charger is putting out and the DC Volts
LED indicates an increase in battery voltage.
30
NOTE: For low power system shutdown
mode, both the INVERT and CHARGE LEDs
must be OFF.
Repeat the test for transfer and battery
charger with the generator if you have one.
TROUBLESHOOTING LED STATUS
LED Status
INVERT
CHARGE
Operation Status
LOW BATTERY
Notes
OVERTEMP
OVERLOAD
Solid Green
Blinking Green OFF
OFF
Inverting. Charger ready but no
external AC available.
Normal
Blinking
Green
Solid Green
OFF
OFF
Inverter is in standby.
Battery is being charged.
Normal, charging current
limited if AC load exceeds
Power Sharing setting.
Blinking
Green
OFF
OFF
OFF
Inverter is in standby.
Charger manually turned off.
If AC power is removed
and reapplied, the charger
will automatically turn ON.
OFF
Solid Green
OFF
OFF
Solid Green
Blinking Green Solid Red
*
Inverting. Charger ready but no
external AC available. Battery
Voltage Warning:
10V<VDC>15V
Warning. Battery voltage
less than 10 or more than
15 volts
Solid Green
Blinking Green
Solid Red
Inverting. Charger ready but no
external AC available. Overtemperature Warning
Warning. Inverter shutdown.
OFF
Blinking Green Slow Blinking
Red
*
Battery Voltage shutdown:
10V< VDC >15V
Inverter Shutdown.
Operation will resume when
battery reaches 13.5 volts
OFF
Blinking Green
*
Slow Blinking
Red
Charger ready but no external
AC power available. Charger
over-temperature Shutdown
Operation will automatically
resume after unit has
cooled down
OFF
Blinking Green
*
Fast Blinking
Red
Inverter Overload Shutdown
Reduce AC load. Manually
restart the system
OFF
Blinking Green Fast Blinking
Red
Fast Blinking
Red
Backfeed Shutdown. Incorrect
AC wiring
Correct AC in wiring before
use. Manually restart the
system.
OFF
Blinking Green Fast Blinking
Red
OFF
Battery Ripple
Warning
*
Inverter OFF. Charging.
Reset the inverter by
pushing INVERT button.
LED should blink.
* Could be either ON or OFF status.
31
32
GLOSSARY
Alternating Current (AC) An electric current
that reverses direction at regular intervals.
Sources of alternating current are shore
power, generator power, inverter power or
household current.
Ampere (Amp, A) The unit of measure of
electron flow rate of current through a circuit.
Ampere-hour (Amp-Hr., Ah) A unit of
measure for a battery’s electrical storage
capacity, obtained by multiplying the current in
amperes by the time in hours of discharge
(Example: a battery which delivers 5 amperes
for 20 hours delivers 5 amperes times 20
hours, or 100 Ah of capacity.)
Ampere-Hour Capacity The ability of a fully
charged battery to deliver a specified quantity
of electricity (Amp-Hr., Ah) at a given rate
(Amp, A) over a definite period of time (Hr.).
The capacity of a battery depends upon a
number of factors such as: active material,
weight, density, adhesion to grid, number,
design and dimensions of plates, plate spacing
design of separators, specific gravity and
quantity of available electrolyte, grid alloys, final
limiting voltage, discharge rate, temperature,
internal and external resistance, age and life of
the battery (bank).
AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) Battery A lead
acid, maintenance-free battery.
first to the positive of the second, negative of
the second to the positive of the third, etc. If
two 6-volt batteries of 50 ampere hours
capacity are connected in series, the circuit
voltage is equal to the sum of the two battery
voltages, or 12 volts, and the ampere-hour
capacity of the combination is 50 ampere
hours.
Circuit (Parallel) A circuit which provides
more than one path for current flow. A parallel
arrangement of batteries (of like voltage and
capacity) would have all positive terminals
connected to a conductor and all negative
terminals connected to another conductor. If
two 12-volt batteries of 50 ampere-hour
capacity each are connected in parallel, the
circuit voltage is 12 volts, and the ampere-hour
capacity of the combination is 100 ampere
hours.
Current The rate of flow of electricity or the
movement rate of electrons along a conductor.
It is comparable to the flow of a stream of water.
The unit of measure for current is ampere.
Cycle In a battery, one discharge plus one
recharge equals one cycle.
Direct Current (DC) Current that flows
continuously in one direction such as that from
batteries, photovoltaics, alternators, chargers
and DC generators.
AWG (American Wire Gauge) A standard
used to measure the size of wire.
Circuit An electric circuit is the path of an
electric current. A closed circuit has a
complete path. An open circuit has a broken or
disconnected path.
Circuit (Series) A circuit which has only one
path for the current to flow. Batteries arranged
in series are connected with the negative of the
33
GLOSSARY
Equalize Charge A controlled overcharge of
the batteries which brings all cells up to the
same voltage potential, extends the battery life,
restores capacity and mixes the electrolyte.
This can only be done using the Freedom
Remote Control Panel or a Link Instrument.
Gel Cell Battery A type of battery that uses a
gelled electrolyte solution. These batteries are
sealed and are virtually maintenance free. Not
all sealed batteries are the gel cell type.
GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) A
protective device that rapidly de-energizes a
circuit when current to ground exceeds a
predetermined value.
Ground The reference potential of a circuit. In
automotive use, the result of attaching one
battery cable to the body or frame which is
used as a path for completing a circuit in lieu of
a direct wire from a component. This method
is not suitable for connecting the negative
cable of the inverter to ground. Instead, route
the cable directly to the negative terminal of the
battery.
Ohm A unit for measuring electrical
resistance.
Ohm’s Law Expresses the relationship
between Voltage (V) and Current (I) in an
electrical circuit with resistance (R). It can be
expressed as follows: V=IR. If any two of the
three values are known, the third value can be
calculated by using the above formula.
Positive Designating or pertaining to electrical
potential; opposite of negative. The positive
battery terminal is the point where electrons
return to the battery during discharge.
Power Sharing The feature of the charger to
reduce its output when the AC power being
consumed by the charger and external AC
loads connected to the output of the inverter
are in excess of the input breaker rating.
TSC Abbreviation for Temperature Sensitive
Charging. The ability of the charger to adjust its
charging voltage based on the temperature
sensed at the battery bank if a temperature
probe is used.
LED (Light Emitting Diode) Indicator light.
Volt The unit of measure for electric potential.
LINK Instrument These panels monitor single
and dual battery banks. Some models provide
remote management of Freedom Inverter/
Chargers. Available in five models: LINK 10,
LINK 20, LINK 1000, LINK 2000, and LINK
2000-R.
Watt The unit for measuring electrical power,
such as the rate of doing work, in moving
electrons by or against an electric potential.
NEC National Electric Code
Wet Cell Battery A type of battery that uses
liquid as an electrolyte. The wet cell battery
requires periodic maintenance: cleaning the
connections, checking the electrolyte level and
performing an equalization cycle.
Negative Designating or pertaining to
electrical potential. The negative terminal is the
point from which electrons flow during
discharge.
34
Watt-Hour (Watt-HR, Wh) The unit for
measuring electrical energy which equals
watts x hours.
SPECIFICATIONS
Model
10 (458 Series)
15 and 15D* (458 Series)
20 and 20D* (458 Series)
25 (458 Series
30 (458 Series)
Part Number
81-1010-12
81-1510-12 and 81-152012
81-2010-12 and 81-202012
81-2510-12
81-3010-12
Nominal Battery Voltage
12 V D C
12 V D C
12 V D C
12 V D C
12 V D C
Battery Voltage Range
10-15.5 VDC
10.0 - 15.5 VDC (+/-0.2)
10.0 - 15.5 VDC (+/-0.2)
10.0 -15.5 VDC (+/-0.2)
10.0 - 15.5 VDC
Low Battery Cutout
10 +/- 0.5 VDC
10.0 VDC (+/-0.5)
10.0 VDC (+/-0.5)
10.0 VDC (+/-0.5)
10.0 VDC (+/-0.5)
AC Input Voltage Range
Minimum 90 VAC
Normal 130 VAC
Minimum 90 VAC
Normal 130 VAC
Minimum 90 VAC
Normal 130 VAC
Minimum 90 VAC
Normal 130 VAC
Minimum 90 VAC
Normal 130 VAC
Frequency Regulation
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
50 or 60 Hz Quartz
Regulated
Inverter Output Pow er
(Continuous)
1000 VA
1500 VA
2000 VA
2500 VA
3000 VA
Inverter Voltage
Regulation
120V +/- 5% True RMS
120V +/- 5% True RMS
120V +/- 5% True RMS
120V +/-5% True RMS
120V +/- 5% True RMS
Wave Shape
Modified Sine Wave
Modified Sine Wave
Modified Sine Wave
Modified Sine Wave
Modified Sine Wave
Surge Pow er
25 Amps
37.5 Amps
50 Amps
62.5 Amps
75 Amps
No Load Current Drain
(Idle Mode)
.12 Amps
.12 Amp
.12 Amp
.12 Amps
.12 Amps
Pow er Factors Allow ed
All
All
All
All
All
Full Load Efficiency
85% (60 Hz)
86% (60 Hz)
85% (60 Hz)
87% (60 Hz)
86% (60 Hz)
Peak Efficiency
93%
92%
93%
93%
93%
Protection
Over/Under Utility
Volatage, Over/Under
Battery Voltage, ShortCircuit, Circuit Breaker,
Over Temperature,
Backfeed
Over/Under Utility Voltage,
Over/Under Battery
Voltage, Short-Circuit,
Circuit Breaker, Over
Temperature, Backfeed
Over/Under Utility Voltage,
Over/Under Battery
Voltage, Short-Circuit,
Circuit Breaker, Over
Temperature, Backfeed
Over/Under Utility Voltage,
Over/Under Battery
Voltage, Short-Circuit
Breaker, Over
Temperature Backfeed
Over/Under Utility Voltage,
Over/Under Battery
Voltage, Short-Circuit,
Circuit Breaker, Over
Temperature, Backfeed
Charging Rate
50 Amps (3-stage)
75 Amps (3-stage)
100 Amps (3-stage)
130 Amps (3-stage)
140 Amps (3-stage)
AC Input
(Max. Charge Mode)
12 Amps
17 Amps
21 Amps
26 Amps
28 Amps
Bulk Charge Voltage
14.3**
14.3 VDC**
14.3 VDC**
14.3 VDC**
14.3 VDC**
Float Charge Voltage
13.4 VDC**
13.4 VDC**
13.4 VDC**
13.4 VDC**
13.4 VDC**
Equaliz ing Charge
Voltage
16.3 VDC
16.3 VDC**
16.3 VDC**
16.3 VDC**
16.3 VDC**
Status Panel
Optional Remote or Link
Optional Remote or Link
Instruments
Optional Remote or Link
Instruments
Optional Remote or Link
Instruments
Optional Remote or Link
Instruments
Weight
35 lbs.
45 lbs.
45 lbs.
50 lbs
50 lbs.
Dimensions
13.2"L x 11.5"W x 7.9"H
13.2"L x 11.5"W x 7.9"H
13.2"L x 11.5"W x 7.9"H
13.2"L x 11.5"W x 7.9"H
13.2"L x 11.5"W x 7.9"H
* Dual AC Output
** Variable on unit with Temperature Sensor installed and adjustable by Battery Type selected on the inverter/charger
control panel or from the Remote Control Panel.
35
WARRANTY
What does this warranty cover?
This Limited Warranty is provided by Xantrex Technology, Inc. (“Xantrex”) and covers defects in workmanship and
materials in your Xantrex Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger. This warranty lasts for a Warranty Period of 30 months from
the date of purchase at point of sale to you, the original end user customer.
This Limited Warranty is transferable to subsequent owners but only for the unexpired portion of the Warranty
Period.
What will Xantrex do?
Xantrex will, at its option, repair or replace the defective product free of charge, provided that you notify Xantrex of
the product defect within the Warranty Period, and provided that Xantrex through inspection establishes the
existence of such a defect and that it is covered by this Limited Warranty.
Xantrex will, at its option, use new and/or reconditioned parts in performing warranty repair and building replacement
products. Xantrex reserves the right to use parts or products of original or improved design in the repair or
replacement. If Xantrex repairs or replaces a product, its warranty continues for the remaining portion of the original
Warranty Period or 90 days from the date of the return shipment to the customer, whichever is greater. All replaced
products and all parts removed from repaired products become the property of Xantrex.
Xantrex covers both parts and labor necessary to repair the product, and return shipment to the customer via a
Xantrex-selected non-expedited surface freight within the contiguous United States and Canada. Alaska and Hawaii
are excluded. Contact Xantrex Customer Service for details on freight policy for return shipments outside of the
contiguous United States and Canada.
How do you get service?
If your product requires troubleshooting or warranty service, contact your merchant. If you are unable to contact
your merchant, or the merchant is unable to provide service, contact Xantrex directly at:
Phone: 1-800-670-0707 (toll free), 1-604-422-2777 (direct)
Fax: 1-604-420-2145
Email: [email protected]
Direct returns may be performed according to the Xantrex Return Material Authorization Policy described in your
product manual. For some products, Xantrex maintains a network of regional Authorized Service Centers. Call Xantrex
or check our website to see if your product can be repaired at one of these facilities.
In any warranty claim, dated proof of purchase must accompany the product and the product must not have been
disassembled or modified without prior written authorization by Xantrex.
Proof of purchase may be in any one of the following forms:
•
•
•
36
The dated purchase receipt from the original purchase of the product at point of sale to the end user, or
The dated dealer invoice or purchase receipt showing original equipment manufacturer (OEM) status, or
The dated invoice or purchase receipt showing the product exchanged under warranty
WARRANTY
What does this warranty not cover?
This Limited Warranty does not cover normal wear and tear of the product or costs related to the removal,
installation, or troubleshooting of the customer’s electrical systems. This warranty does not apply to and Xantrex will
not be responsible for any defect in or damage to:
a)
the product if it has been misused, neglected, improperly installed, physically damaged or altered, either
internally or externally, or damaged from improper use or use in an unsuitable environment;
b) the product if it has been subjected to fire, water, generalized corrosion, biological infestations, or input
voltage that creates operating conditions beyond the maximum or minimum limits listed in the Xantrex
product specifications including high input voltage from generators and lightning strikes;
c) the product if repairs have been done to it other than by Xantrex or its authorized service centers (hereafter
“ASCs”);
d) the product if it is used as a component part of a product expressly warranted by another manufacturer;
e) the product if its original identification (trade-mark, serial number) markings have been defaced, altered, or
removed.
Disclaimer
Product
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY PROVIDED BY XANTREX IN
CONNECTION WITH YOUR XANTREX PRODUCT AND IS, WHERE PERMITTED BY LAW, IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, GUARANTEES, REPRESENTATIONS, OBLIGATIONS AND LIABILITIES,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE IN CONNECTION WITH THE PRODUCT, HOWEVER
ARISING (WHETHER BY CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE, PRINCIPLES OF MANUFACTURER’S LIABILITY,
OPERATION OF LAW, CONDUCT, STATEMENT OR OTHERWISE), INCLUDING WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY
IMPLIED WARRANTY OR CONDITION OF QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW TO APPLY TO THE PRODUCT SHALL BE LIMITED IN
DURATION TO THE PERIOD STIPULATED UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.
IN NO EVENT WILL XANTREX BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, LOSSES, COSTS OR EXPENSES HOWEVER ARISING WHETHER IN CONTRACT
OR TORT INCLUDING WITHOUT RESTRICTION ANY ECONOMIC LOSSES OF ANY KIND, ANY LOSS OR
DAMAGE TO PROPERTY, ANY PERSONAL INJURY, ANY DAMAGE OR INJURY ARISING FROM OR AS A
RESULT OF MISUSE OR ABUSE, OR THE INCORRECT INSTALLATION, INTEGRATION OR OPERATION OF THE
PRODUCT.
Exclusions
If this product is a consumer product, federal law does not allow an exclusion of implied warranties. To the extent you
are entitled to implied warranties under federal law, to the extent permitted by applicable law they are limited to the
duration of this Limited Warranty. Some states and provinces do not allow limitations or exclusions on implied
warranties or on the duration of an implied warranty or on the limitation or exclusion of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not apply to you. This Limited Warranty gives you specific
legal rights. You may have other rights which may vary from state to state or province to province.
37
WARRANTY
Warning: Limitations On Use
Please refer to your product user manual for limitations on uses of the product. Specifically, please note that the
Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger is not intended for use in connection with life support systems and Xantrex makes no
warranty or representation in connection with any use of the product for such purposes.
Please note that the Freedom 458 Inverter/Charger is not intended for use as an uninterruptible power supply and
Xantrex makes no warranty or representation in connection with any use of the product for such purposes.
Return Material Authorization Policy
Before returning a product directly to Xantrex you must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number and
the correct factory “Ship To” address. Products must also be shipped prepaid. Product shipments will be refused and
returned at your expense if they are unauthorized, returned without an RMA number clearly marked on the outside of
the shipping box, if they are shipped collect, or if they are shipped to the wrong location.
When you contact Xantrex to obtain service, please have your instruction manual ready for reference and be
prepared to supply:
•
•
•
•
The serial number of your product
Information about the installation and use of the unit
Information about the failure and/or reason for the return
A copy of your dated proof of purchase
Return Procedure
1. Package the unit safely, preferably using the original box and packing materials. Please ensure that your product
is shipped fully insured in the original packaging or equivalent. This warranty will not apply where the product
is damaged due to improper packaging.
2.
•
•
•
•
Include the following:
The RMA number supplied by Xantrex Technology Inc clearly marked on the outside of the box.
A return address where the unit can be shipped. Post office boxes are not acceptable.
A contact telephone number where you can be reached during work hours
A brief description of the problem
3.
Ship the unit prepaid to the address provided by your Xantrex customer service representative.
If you are returning a product from outside of the USA or Canada
In addition to the above, you MUST include return freight funds and are fully responsible for all documents, duties,
tariffs, and deposits.
If you are returning a product to a Xantrex Authorized Service Center (ASC)
A Xantrex return material authorization (RMA) number is not required. However, you must contact the ASC prior to
returning the product or presenting the unit to verify any return procedures that may apply to that particular facility.
38
INSTALLATION EXAMPLES
Installation examples for the new Freedom 458 Series Inverter/Chargers
Shorepower configurations:
Systems with one 30 Amp single-phase shorepower source with optional generator
Systems with two 30 Amp shorepower sources with optional generator
Systems with a 50 Amp 120 Volt single-phase (3 wire) shorepower source with optional
generator
Systems with a 50 Amp 120/240 Volt split-phase (4 wire) shorepower source with optional
generator
Inverter/charger configurations:
Single Input / Single Output Freedom 458 Model 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30
Single Input / Dual Output (Freedom 458 Model 15 S/D or 20 S/D only)
Dual Input / Dual Output Freedom 458 Model 20 D/D, 25 D/D and 30 D/D
· Can be connected with single in /single out mode
· Can be connected with dual in / single out mode
· Can be connected with dual in / dual out mode
The following installation examples are the most commonly used applications involving
specific shorepower connections, generator power options, and AC load configurations.
Freedom 458 DC Cable and Fuse General Guide
Typical
Model Fuse Size DC Amps
F-10 200 A
100 A
F-15 200 A
150 A
F-20 300 A
200 A
F-25 300 A
250 A
F-30 350 A
300 A
Cable AWG by Length *
1–3 ft. 3–6 ft. 6–10 ft.
2
2
1/0
1/0
1/0
2/0
2/0
2/0
3/0
2/0
3/0
3/0
3/0
3/0
4/0
*This guide is intended to provide general recommendations for fuse and cable sizing. Always consult
Local and National Electrical Codes for proper fuse and cable size prior to installation.
The chassis grounding wire must be no smaller then 1 gauge under that of the Positive battery cable.
39
Installation Option #1 for Freedom 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30
The inverter is used in a Single Input / Single Output mode. Up to 30 Amps is transferred
through the Freedom unit with the charger sharing power with all of the AC loads.
In this installation example, a single 30 Amp shorepower source is available and all AC loads are
supplied power through the inverter in charge/transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode.
The charger shares power with the AC loads and can transfer up to 30 Amps. When installing a
Freedom 20 D/D, 25 D/D or 30 D/D model, AC Input #2 and AC Output #2 wires are not used
and must be capped off. The AC input power must be supplied through a 30 Amp branch rated
main breaker.
In this type of a system the panel loads would normally not include any heavy loads such as
space heaters, stove, water heaters, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery
chargers. If these types of loads are present, they should be turned OFF when inverter power is
being used to prevent overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank. To avoid
the need for this manual form of energy management, installation option #2, #3, #4, or 5 should
be considered.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to
select between shore or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the
input of the inverter/charger.
40
Freedom 458 Installation Option 1
Freedom 458 Model 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
12 VDC Battery Bank
Inverter AC Sub Panel
To
Inverter
AC
Loads
+
Class T
Fuse
Single Input/ Single Output
Hot
Bus
30 Amp Transfer Switch Power
Shares with Charger.
** Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size
prior to installation.
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
+-
10/3
AWG
Wire**
30 A Shorepower
AC Output
Transfer Switch
Hot (Line)
Neutral
AC Wire Colors
Freedom 458
Inverter/Charger
Optional
Generator
30 A
AC Input
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green/bare
Ground
30 A Main Breaker
41
Installation Option #2 for Freedom 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30
The inverter is used in Single Input / Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between main loads and ‘inverter loads’. The external sources of AC power can be a single
30 Amp shorepower source or a 30 Amp breaker from a panel fed by a 50 Amp 120 Volt
single phase (3 wire) shorepower source, 1 leg of a 50 Amp 120/240 split phase (4 wire)
shorepower source, or a generator. The charger shares power with the ‘inverter loads’
only.
In this installation example, one single-phase shorepower source is available or only one leg of a
split-phase source is used to supply the AC input of the inverter/charger. It is highly
recommended that only the lighter appliance and outlet circuits be connected to the Inverter AC
Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in charge/transfer mode, or by the
inverter in invert mode. The charger shares power with the ‘inverter loads’ only and can transfer
up to 30 Amps. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stove, water heater, air conditioners,
AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers, should remain connected to the Main AC Panel.
These loads are only supplied by shore or generator power from the main panel. This split load
approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the
battery bank, and eliminate the need to manually manage the energy usage of these loads when
using inverter power.
The inverter AC input must be supplied power from a 30 Amp breaker in the main panel and from
the main neutral bus. The inverter’s AC output supplies a separate sub panel. The appliance
and outlet loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and neutral bus in the sub
panel. When installing a Freedom 20 D/D, 25 D/D or 30 D/D model, AC Input #2 and AC Output
#2 are not used and must be capped off.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to
select between shore or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the
Main AC Panel.
42
Freedom 458 Installation Option 2
Freedom 458 Model 10, 15, 20, 25, 30
12 VDC Battery Bank
Inverter AC Sub Panel
-
Single Input/ Single Output
To
Inverter
AC
Loads
+
Class T
Fuse
30 Amp Transfer Switch Power
Shares with Charger.
.
Hot
Bus
**Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size
prior to installation.
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
From Shore or Optional Generator
L1
Neu. Gnd.
Main
+-
10/3
AWG
Wire**
Hot
Bus
30
AC Output
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
AC Input
Main AC Panel
AC Wire Colors
Freedom 458
Inverter/Charger
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green/bare
43
Installation Option #3 for Freedom 20 D/D, 25 D/D and 30 D/D
The inverter is used in Dual Input / Single Output mode. The AC loads are split between
main loads and ‘inverter loads’. The external sources of AC power can be two different
30 Amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate) or
two 30 Amp breakers from a panel fed by a 50 Amp 120 Volt single phase (3 wire)
shorepower source, a 50 Amp 120/240 volt split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a
generator. The charger has its own 30 Amp source of power (AC input 1) and the other
30 Amp source (AC input 2) transfers through the inverter to the ‘inverter loads’ (AC
output 2). There is no power sharing between the charger and the ‘inverter loads’ in
this mode.
It is highly recommended that only the lighter appliance and outlet circuits be connected to the
Inverter AC Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in transfer mode, or by
the inverter in invert mode. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stove, water heater, air
conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers, should remain connected to the
Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shore or generator power from the main
panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or
rapidly discharging the battery bank, and eliminate the need to manually manage the energy
usage of these loads when using inverter power.
The inverter AC Input #1 must be supplied power from a 30 Amp breaker and neutral in the main
panel and is used to power the charger only. AC Input #2 must be supplied by a second 30 Amp
breaker and neutral in the main panel which transfers through the inverter to AC Output #2.
These two input breakers can be supplied by the same phase or by opposite phases. The
inverter AC Output #2 supplies a separate sub panel. The appliance and outlet loads are then
supplied with power from the inverter hot and inverter neutral bus in the sub panel. AC Output
#1 is not used and must be capped off.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to select between shore or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the Main
AC Panel.
If only AC Input #1 is supplied power, the unit will charge and power share with and transfer
power to the loads on AC Output # 2.
If only AC Input #2 is supplied power, the unit will not charge, and will only transfer 30 Amps
through to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2.
44
Freedom 458 Installation Option 3
Freedom 458 Model 20 D/D, 25 D/D, 30 D/D
12 VDC Battery Bank
Inverter AC Sub Panel
To
Inverter
AC
Loads
+
Class T
Fuse
30 Amp Transfer
Separate Charge Input
Power Sharing Not Active
Hot
Bus
**Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size
prior to installation.
.
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
+-
Cap* Off each
wire separately
AC Output 2
Dual Input/ Single Output
From Shore or Generator
Neu Gnd
.
L1
L2
Main Main
10/3
AWG
Wire**
30
30
AC Output 1
Neutral Bus
AC Input 2
Ground Bus
AC Input 1
AC Wire Colors
Freedom 458
Inverter/Charger
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green/bare
Main AC Panel
45
Installation Option #4 for Freedom 20 D/D, 25 D/D and 30 D/D
The inverter is used in Dual Input / Dual Output mode. The AC loads are split between
main loads and ‘inverter loads’. The external sources of AC power can be two different
30 Amp shorepower sources (both neutrals and both “Hots” must be kept separate) or
two 30 A breakers from a panel fed by a 50 Amp 120 Volt single phase (3 wire)
shorepower source, a 50 Amp 120/240 Volt split phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a
generator. The charger power shares a 30 Amp source (AC input 1) with the ‘inverter
loads’ connected to AC Output #1 and the other 30 Amp source (AC input 2) transfers
through the inverter to the ‘inverter loads’ connected to AC Output #2. In inverter
mode, the inverter powers both groups of ‘inverter loads’ (AC output 1 and 2). In
charge/transfer mode, up to 60 Amps can be transferred to the ‘inverter loads’. The ‘inverter loads’ are split into two groups so that these loads can be used to help balance
the two legs of shore or generator power.
It is highly recommended that only the lighter appliance and outlet circuits be connected to the
Inverter AC Panel. These loads are supplied power through the inverter in transfer mode, or by
the inverter in invert mode. The heavier loads such as space heaters, stove, water heater, air
conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers, should remain connected to the
Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shore or generator power from the main panel.
This split load approach will help avoid problems such as overloading the inverter or rapidly
discharging the battery bank, and eliminate the need to manually manage the energy usage of
these loads when using inverter power.
The inverter AC Input #1 must be supplied power from a 30 Amp breaker and neutral in the main
panel and is used to power the charger and transfer up to 30 Amps through to the ‘inverter
loads’ connected to AC Output #1. AC Input #2 must be supplied by a second 30 Amp breaker in
the main panel which transfers through the inverter to AC Output #2. These two input breakers
can be supplied by the same phase or by opposite phases. The inverter AC outputs supply a
separate sub panel. The appliance and outlet loads are then supplied with power from the inverter hot and inverter neutral buses in the sub panel.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to
select between shore or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the
Main AC Panel.
If only AC Input #1 is supplied power, the unit will charge and transfer up to 30 Amps through to
both groups of ‘inverter loads’ (AC output 1 and 2). The charger will power share with both
groups of ‘inverter loads’.
If only AC Input #2 is supplied power, the unit will not charge, and will only transfer 30 Amps
through to the inverter loads connected to AC Output #2 only.
46
Freedom 458 Installation Option 4
Freedom 458 Model 20 D/D, 25 D/D, 30 D/D
Inverter AC Sub Panel
L2
L1
12 VDC Battery Bank
-
Dual Input/ Dual Output
30 Amp Transfer of two Legs
of power (60 Amps total)
Hot
Bus
* Two Neutral buses are required
if Shore Power is supplied
from 2/ separate 30 A sources.
*
**Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size
prior to installation.
+
Class T
Fuse
Neutral 2 Bus Neutral 1 Bus
Ground Bus
From Shore or Generator
Neu Gnd
L2
L1
Main
+ -
Main
10/3
AWG
Wire**
AC Output 2
30
AC Output 1
30
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
AC Input 2
AC Input 1
Main AC Panel
AC Wire Colors
Freedom 458
Inverter/Charger
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green/bare
47
Installation Option #5 for Freedom 15 S/D and 20 S/D
The inverter is used in Single Input / Dual Output mode. The AC loads are split between
main loads and two branch circuits containing ‘inverter loads’ (AC output 1 and AC output 2). The external sources of AC power can be a single 30 Amp shorepower source or
a 30 Amp breaker from a panel fed by a 50 Amp 120 Volt single phase (3 wire) shorepower
source, 1 leg of a 50 Amp 120/240 Volt split-phase (4 wire) shorepower source, or a generator. The charger shares power with the ‘inverter loads’ only.
In this installation example, one single-phase shorepower source is available or only one leg of a
split phase source is used to supply the AC input of the inverter/charger. It is highly
recommended that only the lighter appliance and outlet circuits be connected to the Inverter
branch circuits, AC Output 1 and AC Output 2. These loads are supplied power through the
inverter in charge/transfer mode, or by the inverter in invert mode. The charger shares power
with the ‘inverter loads’ only and can transfer up to 30 Amps. The heavier loads such as space
heaters, stove, water heater, air conditioners, AC to DC converters, or other battery chargers,
should remain connected to the Main AC Panel. These loads are only supplied by shore or
generator power from the main panel. This split load approach will help avoid problems such as
overloading the inverter or rapidly discharging the battery bank, and eliminate the need to
manually manage the energy usage of these loads when using inverter power.
The inverter AC input must be supplied power from a 30 Amp breaker in the main panel and from
the main neutral bus. The inverter has two AC outputs that are protected by internal branch rated
circuit breakers, eliminating the need for a separate sub panel. Two appliance and/or outlet
circuits are then supplied with power directly from the inverter AC outputs. All 15 Amp outputs
should use 12 or 14 gauge* wires for the output circuit, and all 20 Amp outputs should use 12
gauge wires*. Typically a GFI (GFCI) type outlet is used as the first outlet in the line. Consult
Local and National Electrical Codes for specific GFI installation recommendations.
If a generator is installed in the system, a break-before-make AC transfer switch is used to
select between shore or generator power. The transfer switch AC output is then routed to the
Main AC Panel.
*Always consult Local and National Electrical Codes for proper wire size prior to installation.
48
Freedom 458 Installation Option 5
Freedom 458 Model 15 S/D, 20 S/D
12 VDC Battery Bank
Single Input/ Dual Output
15 or 20 Amp
Branch Circuit Outlets
15 A = min 14/3 AWG wire**
20 A = min 12/3 AWG wire**
-
30 Amp Transfer that Power Shares
with the Charger.
15 or 20 S/D Models available with
15/15, 15/20 or 20/20 Amp branch
rated circuit breakers.
+
**Always consult Local and National
Electrical Codes for proper wire size prior
to installation
* Always consult National Electrical Codes for
GFCI installation requirements.
Class T
Fuse
GFCI *
GFCI *
From Shore or Generator
L1 Neu Gnd
Main
12 or 14
AWG Wire**
+ AC Output 2
30
AC Output 1
Neutral Bus
Ground Bus
AC Input 1
Main AC Panel
AC Wire Colors
Freedom 458
Inverter/Charger
Hot
= Black
Neutral = White
Ground = Green/bare
10/3
AWG
Wire**
49
Xantrex Technology Inc.
Toll Free 1 800 670 0707
Direct 1 604 422 2777
Fax 1 604 420 2145
[email protected]
www.xantrex.com
445-0193-01-01 Rev. 2
Printed in the U.S.A.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement