Series One/Series Three Data Communications Manual

Series One/Series Three Data Communications Manual
GE Fanuc Automation
Programmable Control Products
Archive
Document
This electronic manual was created by scanning a
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Please be aware that this process may have
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Series Onetm/Series Threetm
Data Communications
User’s Manual
GEK-90477A
December, 1986
Copyright
1986 by General Electric Company
This document is based on information available at the time of its publication. While efforts have been made to be accurate, the
information contained herein does not purport to cover all details or variations in hardware and software, nor to provide for
every possible contingency in connection with installation, operation, and maintenance. Features may be described herein which
are not present in all hardware and software systems. General Electric assumes no obligation of notice to holders of this document with respect to changes subsequently made.
General Electric makes no representation or warranty, expressed, implied, or statutory with respect to, and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, sufficiency, or usefulness of the Information contained herein. No warranties of merchantability of fitness for purpose shall apply.
WARNING, CAUTION, AND NOTES AS USED IN THIS PUBLICATION
Warning notices are used in this publication to emphasize that hazardous voltages, currents,
temperatures, or other conditions that could cause personal injury exist in this equipment or may be
associated with its use.
Caution notices are used where equipment might be damaged if care is not taken.
In situations where inattention could cause either personal injury or damage to equipment, a
Warning notice is used.
NOTE
Notes merely call attention to information that is especially significant to understanding and
operating the equipment.
AUTOMATION
CONTROLS
OPERATIONS, GENERAL
ELECTRIC
COMPANY,
CHARLOTTESVILLE, VIRGINIAPR~~~EU
IN
IJSA
GEK-90477 Table of Contents
PREFACE
This manual provides information necessary to implement a serial communications link
between a Series Six PC or host computer and a Series One, Series One Junior, Series One
Plus, or Series Three PC.
You should become familiar with the operation of the Series One, Series One Junior,
Series One Plus, or Series Three PCs (depending on your application) before reading this
manual. Also, if a Series Six is to be included in your communications link, you may wish
to refer to the Series Six Data Communication Manual, GEK-25364, for complete
information on Series Six Data Communications.
Chapter 1, Introduction, describes the capabilities of the Data Communications Unit
(DCU) and the Data Communications Module (DCM) and possible system configurations of
Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus, and Series Three PCs with a Series Six PC
or host computer.
Chapter 2, Installation and Operation of the Data Communications Unit for the Series
One, Series One Junior, and Series One Plus PCs, describes the operation of the Data
Communication Unit’s user interfaces and the installation of the DCU.
Chapter 3, Installation and Operation of the Data Communications Module for the Series
Three PC, describes the operation of the Data Communication Module’s user interfaces
and the installation of the DCM.
Chapter 4, Electrical Interface Circuits, provides the information needed to construct
cables to connect the DCU or DCM to other devices.
Chapter 5, Communication Examples, explains how to build the Series Six ladder diagram
to initiate communications between a Series Six PC and a Series One, Series One Junior,
Series One Plus, or Series Three PC.
Chapter 6, Serial Interface Protocol, provides complete reference information on DCU
and DCM serial interface protocol and timing to allow the user to write a serial
communications driver for a host computer or microprocessor.
vii
GEK-90477 Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
.
1-1
Communication Capabilities Using the DCU or DCM
1-1
System Configurations Using the DCU or DCM
Point-to-Point Configurations
Multidrop Configurations
1-1
1-2
1-3
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF THE DATA
COMMUNICATIONS UNIT FOR THE SERIES ONE
FAMILY OF PCS
2-1
Description and Operation of the User interfaces
for the DCU
LED Indicators
Front Panel Connectors
Programmer Connector
Communications Connector
DCU Configuration Switches
ON/OFF-LINE Switch
CPU (Unit) ID DIP Switches
Communication Port Configuration DIP Switches
External Power Supply Connector
Power Supply Select Switch
Using the DCU with CPU Pack Power
2-1
Installing the DCU
2-9
Power Cycle Conditions Affecting System Operation
2-10
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF THE DATA
COMMUNICATIONS MODULE FOR THE SERIES THREE PC
Description and Operation of the DCM’s User Interfaces
LED Indicators
Front Panel Connectors
Series Three CPU Connector
Communications Connector
External Power Supply Connector
DCM Configuration Switches
ON/OFF-LINE Switch
Interaction between the DCM ON/OFF LINE
SWitch and the CPU Keyswitch
CPU (Unit) ID DIP Switches
Communicaiton Port Configuration DIP Switches
Power Supply Select Switch
Using the DCM with CPU Rack Power
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-7
2-7
3-1
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-8
Installing the DCM
3-10
Power Cycle Conditions Affecting System Operation
3-11
GEK-90477 Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 4: ELECTRICAL INTERFACE CIRCUITS AND
DIAGNOSTICS FOR THE DCU AND DCM
Port
Characteristics
4-7
4-1
Communications Port Mating Connector
4-2
Cable Selection
4-2
Catalog Numbers for GE Supplied Cables
4-3
Grounding
4-3
RS-422 Direct Cable Diagrams
Selection of Terminating Resistors
Point-to-Point DCU or DCM to Series Six CCM
or Host Computer
Multidrop RS-422 Cable, 4-Wire
RS-422 Link Connector
Multidrop RS-422 Cable, 2-Wire
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-5
4-6
4-7
Modem Configuration Cable Diagrams
Point-to-Point Modem Configuration
Cable Diagram
Multidrop Modem Configuration Cable Diagram
4-8
4-9
DCU or DCM to Workmaster Cable Diagrams
DCU or DCM to Workmaster-through the
interface Adapter
DCU or DCM to Workmaster Directly through
the RS-422 Port
4-11
4-11
4-10
4-12
Test Diagnostics
Power-Up Diagnostics
Loop-Back Diagnostics
4-12
4-12
4-12
CHAPTER 5: COMMUNICATION EXAMPLES USING THE
5-1
SERIES SIX PC AS A MASTER DEVICE
lntroduction
5-1
SCREQ Registers
Rnnnn: Command Numbers
Rnnnn + 1: Target ID
Rnnnn + 2: Target Memory Type
Rnnnn + 3: Target Memory Address
.
Rnnnn + 4: Data Length
Limitations on Amount of Data for the
Series One and Series One Junior PCs
Rnnnn + 5: Source Memory Address
5-2
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-12
5-12
5-12
5-13
GEK-90477 Table of Contents
ix
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 5: COMMUNICATION EXAMPLES USING THE
SERIES SIX PC AS A MASTER DEVICE (Continued)
Using the Password and Error Checking Features of the
Series One Plus PC
Logging-In on the Series One Plus CPU
Using the Password
Changing the Password of the Series One Plus PC
User Program Error Checking
5-14
5-14
5-15
5-15
Diagnostic Status Words
5-16
Diagnostic Status Word 1 Error Codes
Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus,
and Series Three CPU Error Codes
5-16
5-19
SCREQ Command Examples
5-20
(Series One/Junior/Plus)
Example I:
Read From Target Timers and Counters
Example 2:
Read From Target l/O
Example 3:
Write to Target I/O
(Not Series One Junior)
Example 4:
Read From Target User Memory
Example 5:
Write to Target User Memory
5-21
5-22
5-23
5-24
5-25
(Series One Plus)
Example 6:
Read From Target Data Registers
Example 7:
Write to Target Data Registers
Write to Target Timer/Counter
Example 8:
Accumulators
Example 9:
Logging-In with the Password
Example 10: Change Password
Example 11:
Check Program Error Code
5-30
5-31
5-32
(Series Three PC
Example 12:
Example 13:
Example 14:
Example 15:
5-35
5-36
5-37
5-38
Example
Example
Example
Example
16:
17:
18:
19:
Examples)
Read from Target Data Registers
Write to Target Data Registers
Read from Target Timers and Counters
Write to Target Timer/Counter
Accumulators
Read from Target l/O
Write to Target I/O
Read from Target User Memory
Write to Target user Memory
(Series One/Junior/Plus Or Series Three PC Examples)
Example 20:
Read PC Type
Example 21:
Read Target Run/Program Mode
Example 22: Command Target Run/Program Mode
Read Target Diagnostic Status Words
Example 23:
Example 24:
Clear Target Diagnostic Status Words
5-26
5-27
5-28
5-40
5-41
5-42
5-43
s-44
5-45
5-46
5-48
5-49
GEK-90477 Table of Contents
X
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 6: SERIAL INTERFACE PROTOCOL
6-1
Introduction, Master-Slave Protocol
Asynchronous Data Format
Control Character Coding
Enquiry Response Delay
Normal Sequence*, Master-Slave
Normal Enquiry Sequence
Normal Sequence Protocol Format
Master-Slave Normal Sequence Flow Charts
Normal Sequence, Master
Normal Response, Slave
Write Data Blocks, Master or Slave
Read Data Blocks, Master or Slave
6-1
6-1
6-2
6-2
6-3
6-3
6-3
6-5
6-5
6-5
6-10
6-10
Master-Slave Message Transfers
Header Block
DCU or DCM ID Number
Data Flow Direction and Memory Type
Target Memory Address
Number of Complete Data Blocks
to Follow Header
Number of Bytes in Incomplete Last Block
Source ID Number
Text Data Block
Header and Text Data Block Response
Message Termination
Timing Considerations
Serial Link Time-Outs
Turn-Around Delays
Communication Errors
lnvalid Header
lnvalid Data
Invalid NAK, ACK, or EOT
Serial Link Time Out
6-11
6-11
6-12
6-12
6-12
6-14
Accessing the CPU Scratch-Pad
Using the Password and Error Checking Features of
the Series One Plus PC
Logging-In on the Series One Plus CPU
Using the Password
Changing the Password of the
Series One Plus PC
User Program Error Checking
6-19
6-20
6-14
6-14
6-15
6-16
6-16
6-16
6-16
6-16
6-18
6-18
6-19
6-19
6-19
6-20
6-21
6-21
GEK-90477
Tables
xi
TABLES
Number
Description
Page
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
Communications Port Configuration Dip-Switch Settings
Series One Units of Load (Supplied)
Series One Units of Load (Used)
Power Cycle Conditions Affecting System Operation
(The user program is assumed to be in CMOS RAM.)
Communications Port Configuration Dip-Switch Settings
Series Three Units of Load (Supplied)
Series Three Units of Load (Used)
Power Cycle Conditions Affecting System Operation
(The user program is assumed to be in CMOS RAM)
Mapping of Series One References to Target Addresses
Mapping of Series One JR References to Target Addresses
Mapping of Series One Plus References to Target
Addresses
Mapping of Series Three References to Target Addresses
Unit Lengths of Source and Target Memory Types
Maximum Amount of Data for Series One and
Series One Junior Memory Types 1, 3, and 7
Source Memory Address
Series One Plus CPU Scratch-Pad Addresses
Diagnostic Status Word Error Codes
Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus,
Series Three CPU Error Codes
Control Character Codes
Serial Link Time-Outs
Series One Plus CPU Scratch-Pad Addresses
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-10
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
6.1
6.2
6.3
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-11
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-9
5-12
5-13
5-13
5-14
5-17
5-19
6-2
6-17
6-20
GEK-90477
Figures
xii
FIGURES
Number
Description
Page
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
4.1
4.2
4.3
Point-To-Point Configuration (Direct)
Point-To-Point Configuration (Using Modems)
Multidrop Configuration (Direct)
Multidrop Configuration (Using Modems)
Front, End, and Rear View of the DCU
Location of the DCU Configuration Switches
Dip-Switch Settings for CPU ID Selection
Connecting the Programmer, DCU, and CPU
Front and Rear View of the DCM
Location of the DCM Configuration Switches
Dip-Switch Settings for CPU ID Selection
Connecting the DCM to the CPU
Communications Connector Pin Assignments
Assembly of Mating Connector
Link Connector used when a DCU or DCM is removed
from a Multidrop Chain
Loop-Back Test Connector
Serial Data Format
Data Transfer from Master to Slave
Data Transfer from Slave to Master
N Sequence, Master
N Response, Slave
Write Data Blocks, Master or Stave
Read Data Blocks, Master or Slave
Serial Header Format
1-2
1-2
1-3
1-3
2-1
2-4
2-5
2-9
3-1
3-4
3-6
3-10
4-1
4-2
4-6
4.4
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6-7
6-8
4-13
6-1
6-4
6-4
6-6
6-7
6-8
6-9
6-11
GEK-90477 Introduction
1-1
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
The serial interface to the Series One family of PCs is essentially the same as the
interface to the Series Three PC. For this reason the user information for both have
been combined into one manual. The differences are primarily related to the physical
package which affects the installation of the interface. To differentiate between the two
interfaces, the terms below are used throughout this manual.
D a t a C o m m u n i c a t i o n s U n i t (DCU)
-
Data Communications Module (DCM) -
Series One, Series One Junior,
and Series One Plus PC Interface
Series Three PC Interface
This chapter d e s c r i b e s t h e c a p a b i l i t i e s a n d s y s t e m c o n f i g u r a t i o n s f o r s e r i a l
communications with the Series One Family of programmable controllers and Series
Three programmable controllers.
COMMUNICATIONS CAPABILITIES USING THE DCU OR DCM
The DCU and DCM provide a serial, RS-422 interface between a Series One, Series One
Junior, Series One Plus, or Series Three PC and a device such as a Series Six PC,
Workmaster computer or other host computer. Memory types that can be accessed
through the DCU or DCM include:
-
-
-
Discrete input and output points,
Timer and counter accumulator references (and Series One Plus PC and Series
Three PC data registers),
Scratchpad (including using the password and the user logic error checking
capability for the Series One Plus PC),
User logic, and
Diagnostic information.
Using the CCM2 protocol, the host computer or Series Six PC can have supervisory
control over one or more PCs of the Series One family or one or more Series Three PCs.
The data transfer rates as well as other communications parameters for the DCU and
DCM are DIP-switch selectable. The primary data transfer rate for direct connections is
19.2 kBps. Other data transfer rates are provided for special purpose interfaces which
include modem configurations.
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS USING THE DCU OR DCM
A system configuration refers to the way in which various devices are combined to form a
communications network. As explained below, both point-to-point and multidrop
configurations are possible through the DCU or DCM. For details on constructing cables,
see Chapter 4, Electrical interface Circuits.
In all configurations, the Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus, or Series Three
PC is the slave device, and the host computer, Workmaster, or Series Six PC is the
master device. A slave can respond only to requests from a master.
TM
Trademark of General Electric Company.
1-2
GEK-90477 Introduction
When a Workmaster computer or other host computer is the master device, host software
must be written to handle the protocol requirements as explained in Chapter 6, Serial
Interface Protocol.
POINT-TO-POINT
CONFlGURATlONS
In the point-to-point configuration, only two elements can be connected to the same
communication line. The communication Iine can be connected directly using the RS-422
electrical interface capability (4000 feet, 1200 meters, maximum), or connected through
modems and an RS-232 to RS-422 adapter unit for longer distances over telephone lines.
TPK.A.40369
MASTER
SERIE;RS'X
pc HOST COMPUTER
i
SLAVE
W-422
SERIES
ONE/JUNIOR/PLUS
SER1ES?&EE PC
Figure 1.1 POINT-TO-POINT CONFIGURATION (DIRECT)
TPK.A.40370
SLAVE
YASTER
SERlES SIX PC
HOST CitiPUTER
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
ADAPTER
UNIT
RS-422
SERIES ONEO/~UNIOR/PLUS
SERIES THREE PC
Figure 1.2 POINT-TO-POINT CONFIGURATION (USING M O D E M S )
1-3
GEK-90477
Introduction
MULTIDROP
CONFIGURATIONS
This configuration permits the connection of a host computer or Series Six PC to a group
of Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus, or Series Three PCs. As with
point-to-point connections, either RS-422 capability or modems can be used. A
maximum of 8 slaves can be connected using RS-422. The maximum distance between
the two end devices in the multidrop is 4000 feet (1200 meters).
When RS-232 modems are used, an RS-232 adapter unit must be included to convert
RS-422 signals from the DCU or DCM to RS-232 signals for the modems.
TPK.A.40371
SLAYE
Y AST EA
SERIES SIX PC
HOST
C;iP"TER
I
Rs-422 SERIES ONE/JUNIOR/PLUS
7
'
SERIESOTRHREE PC
SLAVE
1
SERIESONEO/JRUNIOR/PLUS
SERlES THREE PC
Figure 1.3 MULTIDROP CONFIGURATION (DIRECT)
TPK.A.40372
UASTER
SLAVE
SERIES SIX PC
HOST CfiPUTER
RS-232
MODEM
MOOEM
RS-232
RS-232
ADAPTER
UNIT
RS-422 SERIE~ONE~~UNIORI'PLUS
SERIES THREE PC
SlAVE
rL
MODEM
RS-232
AS-232
ADAPTER
UNIT
.
RS-422
SERlESONE~JdJNIOR/PLUS
SERIES THREE PC
*Up to 8 slave devices can be multidropped from the RS-232 Adapter Unit.
Figure 1.4 MULTIDROP CONFIGURATION (USING MODEMS)
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
2-1
CHAPTER 2
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF THE DATA COMMUNICATIONS UNIT
FOR THE SERIES ONE FAMILY OF PCS
T h i s c h a p t e r d e s c r i b e s t h e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e u s e r i n t e r f a c e s (LEDs, s w i t c h e s , a n d p o r t s )
a n d t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n o f t h e D a t a C o m m u n i c a t i o n s U n i t (DCU) (IC610CCM100A,
lC610CCM105A).
NOTE TO SERIES ONE PLUS USERS
U s e o n l y t h e D a t a C o m m u n i c a t i o n s U n i t (IC61OCCM105A)
communications with the Series One Plus PC.
for
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION OF THE USER INTERFACES FOR THE DCU
The various indicator lights, connectors, and configuration DIP switches for the DCU are
shown in Figure 2.1.
TPA.C.40221
GENERAL
ELECTRIC
/
COUUUWlCl'lCMS
COwnECTOR
I
EHO
VIEW
Figure 2.1 FRONT, END, AND REAR VIEW OF THE DCU
2-2
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
LED INDlCATORS
The six status LED’s on the front of the DCU convey the following information:
Status
DATA
LED
State
Description
On
Data being transferred to and from the
communication port.
Off
Data not being transferred to and from the
communication port or data incorrect due
to:
1. Parity overrun or framing errors;
2. Invalid header, data block, control
character, or checksum;
3. Time out on serial link. (Refer to
Chapter 6 for more information on the
protocol used).
DIAG
PWR
On
Power-up
hardware
diagnostics
have
passed.
Off
Power-up
hardware
diagnostics
have
failed.
on
5 V dc power to DCU is connected.
Off
5 V dc power to DCU is not connected.
NOTE
Power to the DCU can be supplied from the rack power supply or an
external supply. When the power supply select switch is in the EXT
position, power must be supplied through the externa1 power supply
connector on the side of the DCU. See Figures 2.1 and 2.2.
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
Status
LED
RUN
BATT
CPU
2-3
State
Description
On
The CPU is in the RUN mode.
Off
The CPU is not in the RUN mode.
On
The battery which provides memory back-up
in the CPU is not OK.
off
The battery which provides memory back-up
in the CPU is OK.
On
There is an error; check the error code on
the programmmer display and take the
appropriate action.
There is no CPU error.
Off
FRONT PANEL CONNECTORS
Two connectors on the front of the DCU provide an interface to:
1. Programmer (Programmer Connector),
2. External serial device (Communications Connector).
Programmer
Connector
The programmer connector is the mating connector which mates with the programmer
and connects with the CPU. This permits use of the programmer while the DCU is
connected to the CPU. See Figures 2.1 and 2.4.
Communications
Connector
The communications connector (25-pin female, D-type) provides a serial interface to
external devices. A pin-by-pin description of this connector is shown in Chapter 4.
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
2-4
DCU CONFIGURATION SWITCHES
The configuration switches are located on the right side of the DCU as shown below.
TPK.A.40373
ON/OFF
- LINE SWITCH
-
COMMUNICATION
PORT
OlP SWlTCHES
UNIT ADDRESS
- OIP SWITCHES
EXTERNAL
- POWER SUPPLY
CONHECTOR
Figure 2.2 LOCATION OF THE DCU CONFIGURATION SWITCHES
ON/OFF-LINE
Switch
The ON/OFF-LINE switch, which is directly above the DIP switches on the right side of
the DCU, enables or disables serial communications with the Series One, Series One
Junior, or Series One Plus CPU.
OFF LINE: Serial communication between the DCU and the CPU is disabled and the
CPU is under control of the attached programmmer.
ON LINE:
Serial communication between the DCU and CPU is enabled and the
programmer is disabled if attached.
2-6
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
Communication Port Configuration DIP Switches
The top group of eight DIP switches on the right side of the DCU determines the set-up
parameters for the communication port (refer to Figure 2.2 for location of the switches).
The settings for the communication set-up parameters are shown in Table 2.1. To
execute the Loop Back Test, the ON/OFF-LINE SWITCH must be in the OFF-LINE
mode. Switches 7 and 8 are not used.
Table 2.1 COMMUNICATIONS PORT CONFIGURATION DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
DATA RATE SELECTION (BPS)
*300
1200
9600
19.2 k
PARITY
SELECTION
Parity ENABLED (Odd parity
generated and checked).
*Parity DISABLED (No parity
is generated or checked).
LOOP-BACK TEST
(Special Connector
Enabled
*Disabled
TURN-AROUND
DELAY
* 0 ms delay
MODE**
Program/Stop
*Run Mode
DIP-SWITCH
3
ON
NUMBER
2
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
NUMBER
OFF
DIP-SWITCH
4
ON
OFF
NUMBER
DIP-SWITCH NUMBER
5
OFF
ON
10 ms delay
POWER-UP
Required)
DIP-SWITCH
1
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Mode
DIP-SWITCH NUMBER
6
ON
OFF
*Factory set defaullt position.
**See sect ion, Power Cycle Conditions Affecting System Operation.
2-7
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY CONNECTOR
The external power supply connector (see Figure 2.2) allows the DCU to receive its
operating power (5V dc at 0.5A) from an external power supply. A three conductor
cable is provided with the DCU for external power supply connection. Its color code is as
follows:
White: +5 V dc (+/-5%) at 0.5 amps
Black: Logic ground of power supply
Green: Power system ground
POWER SUPPLY SELECT SWITCH
There is a power supply select switch on the back of the module to select internal (CPU)
or external power for the DCU. An adjacent label indicates correct switch orientation
for each selection.
USING THE OCU WITH CPU RACK POWER
It is recommended that a Series One high-capacity power supply, IC610CHS110A, 114A,
120A, or 124A be used when installing a DCU in a system. If a high-capacity power
supply is not used, then the DCU should be powered by an external +5V dc power supply.
If a standard (low capacity) Series One power supply is used with the DCU, inconsistent
CPU or communications operation will result.
NOTE
Even if a high-capacity power supply is being used in the CPU rack,
inconsistent CPU or communications operation may be observed
depending on the number and unit load of I/O modules installed in
the rack. Refer to Tables 2.2 and 2.3 for units of load supplied by
the different racks and used by I/O modules and other system
devices
Table 2.2 SERIES ONE UNITS* Of LOAD (SUPPLIED)
CATALOG NUMBER
IC6lOCHSl00A
IC610CHSll0A
IC6l0CHS114A
IC610CHS120A
IC610CHS124A
IC61OCHS130A
IC610CHS134A
.
DESCRIPTION
5-slot
5-slot
5-slot
l0-slot
l0-slot
l0-slot
l0-slot
std
hi
hi
hi
hi
hi
hi
cap
cap
cap 2 4 V dc
cap
cap 2 4 V dc
cap
cap 2 4 V dc
+5 v
40
140
140
140
140
140
140
POWER SUPPLIED IN UNITS OF LOAD
+9 v
+24 v
+24 V EXT
80
80
80
160
160
170
170
20
40**
40
40**
40
50**
50
10
10
10
* 1 unit = 10 mA
** If an external sensor is connected to the 24 V + and - terminals on the power supply,
the current used by the sensor (up to a maximum of 100 mA), should be deducted from
the available listed units of load.
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
2-9
INSTALLING THE DCU
To install the DCU:
1. Set the internal/external power switch to the desired position.
2. Position the CPU (unit) ID and port configuration DIP switches to the desired
position (see Figure 2.3 and Table 2.1).
3. With the Series One, Series One Junior, or Series One Plus CPU power off,
connect the DCU to the CPU and the programmer to the DCU (if desired) as
shown in Figure 2.4.
If, before powering up, the ON-LINE/OFF-LINE switch is placed in the ON-LINE
position, after power up the PWR, RUN, and DIAG indicators should light in that order.
For more information on power-up conditions affecting the CPU and communications
status see Table 2.4.
NOTE
The Series One CPU vers ion must be Rev ision B or later.
Y
f
TPK.A.40374
BOTTOM SIDE
OF SERIES ONE
PROGRAMMER
COMMUNICATIONS
CONNECTS TO
SERI ES ONE/JUNIOR/PLUS
CPU
Figure 2.4 CONNECTING THE PROGRAMMER, DCU, AND CPU
2-10
GEK-90477 installation and Operation of the DCU
POWER CYCLE CONDITIONS AFFECTING SYSTEM OPERATION
When power is cycled, the resulting CPU and communications status depends upon the
position of the DCU ON-LINE/OFF-LINE switch and power-up mode switch, whether the
programmer is attached or detached, the programmer mode switch position, and the
condition of the CPU battery. See Table 2.4.
Table 2.4 POWER CYCLE CONDITIONS AFFECTING SYSTEM OPERATION
(The user program is assumed to be in CMOS RAM).
PROGRAMMER
DCU
ON-LINE/ POWER-UP ATTACHED/ MODE KEYOFF-LINE MODE DIP DETACHED
SWITCH
POSITION
SWITCH
SWITCH 6
RESULTING CPU AND COMMUNICATIONS
STATUS ON POWER CYCLE
On-Line
Off(Run)
Attached
Run
CPU in Run mode with communications active.
On-Line
On(Prog)
Attached
Run
CPU in Program mode with
communications active only for
the following serial requests:
Read or command Run/Program and
Read Diagnostic Status Words.
The DCU will return in the status
code a hexadecimal 10 to indicate
that a power cycle has occurred.
Off-Line On or
Off
Not
Attached
CPU is in the same mode in which
it powered down, communication is
inactive since the unit is off
line. (Communications will be
active on off line to on line
transition).*
Off-Line
Attached
CPU is in whatever mode the keyswitch is set for with communications not active.
On or
Off
* For Series One CPUs versions A or B, the resulting communications status is the
same, but the resulting CPU status is that the CPU is in Program mode with the
communications
inactive.
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCU
2-11
NOTE
The following statuses result only when there is a low battery
condition in the CPU.
Table 2.4 POWER CYCLE CONDITIONS AFFECTING SYSTEM OPERATION (continued)
PROGRAMMER
DCU
ON-LINE/ POWER UP ATTACHED/ MODE KEYOFF-LINE MODE DIP DETACHED
SWITCH
SWITCH 6
POSITION
SWITCH
RESULTING CPU AND COMMUNICATIONS
STATUS ON POWER CYCLE
Off Line On or Off
Not
Attached
CPU in Program mode with communications inactive since unit is off
line.
On Line
On(Prog)
Not
Attached
CPU in Program mode with communications active. DIAG LED will be
ON and and RUN LED will be OFF.
On Line
Off
(Run)
Not
Attached
CPU in Program mode with communications inactive. DIAG and RUN
will be OFF. Unit must be
manually set to Program/Stop mode
and the E-21 error cleared (if it
has occurred) before communications can resume.
3-1
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCM
CHAPTER 3
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF THE DATA COMMUNICATIONS MODULE
FOR THE SERIES THREE PC
This chapter describes the operation of the DCM’s user interfaces (LEDs, switches, and
ports) and the installation of the Data Communications Module (DCM) (IC630CCM300).
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION OF THE DCM’S USER INTERFACES
The various indicator lights, connectors, and configuration DIP switches for the DCM are
shown in Figure 3.1.
TPK.A.40007
,[email protected]
.
Figure 3.1 FRONT AND REAR VIEW OF THE DCM
3-2
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCM
LED INDICATORS
The three status LED’s on the front of the DCM convey the foflowing information
Status LED
State
Description
DATA
On
Data being transferred to/from the
communication port.
Off
Data not being transferred to/from the
communication port or data incorrect
due to:
1.
2.
3.
DIAG
PWR
Parity overrun or framing errors;
Invalid header, data block, control
c h a r a c t e r , or checksum;
Time out on serial sink.
On
Power-up
passed.
hardware
diagnostics
have
Off
Power-up
failed.
hardware
diagnostics
have
On
5 V dc power to DCM is connected.
Off
5 V dc power to DCM is
not connected.
NOTE
Power to the DCM can come from the Series Three CPU or external
supply depending on position of power select switch. When the
power supply select switch is in the EXT position, power must be
supplied through the external power supply connector on the front
of the DCM. See Figure 3.1.
GEK-90477 installation and Operation of the DCM
FRONT
PANEL
3-3
CONNECTORS
Three connectors on the front of the DCM provide an interface to:
1.
2.
3.
Series Three CPU (CPU Connector);
External serial device (Communications Connector); and
External power supply.
Each of these interfaces are descr ibed below.
Series Three CPU Connector
T h e C P U c o n n e c t o r (25-pin m a l e , D - t y p e ) t i e s t h e D C M t o t h e S e r i e s T h r e e C P U . A l l
communication with the Series Three, as well as operating power (if the power supply
select switch is set to internal) is transmitted through this interface. T h e c a b l e
(lC630CBL395A) is provided with each DCM for the link.
Communications
Connector
T h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n s c o n n e c t o r (25-pin f e m a l e , D - t y p e ) c o n n e c t s t h e DCM t o e x t e r n a l
devices. A detailed description (pin by pin) of this connector is shown in Chapter 4.
External Power Supply Connector
The external power supply connector allows the DCM to receive its operating power (5 V
Users with Series Three power supply
dc at 0.5 A) from an external supply.
IC630PWR300A
require an external power supply to operate a DCM. Other Series Three
power supplies may or may not necessitate the use of an external power supply for proper
operation of the DCM. This is dependent on the number and type of I/O modules in the
C P U r a c k . R e f e r t o T a b l e s 3 . 2 a n d 3 . 3 . A t h r e e c o n d u c t o r cable i s p r o v i d e d w i t h t h e
DCM for external power supply connection. Its color code is as follows:
WHITE:
BLACK:
GREEN:
+5V DC (+/- 5%) at 0.5 amps
Logic ground of power supply
Power system ground.
3-4
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCM
DCM CONFlGURATlON SWITCHES
The ON/OFF line switch is located on the front of the DCM. The other configuration
switches are located on the back of the DCM as shown below.
TPK.A.40226
CONFIGURATION
Figure 3.2 LOCATION OF THE DCM CONFIGURATION SWITCHES
ON/OFF-LINE Switch
The ON/OFF-line switch which is recessed on the front panel of the DCM enables or
disables the serial communications with the Series Three CPU.
OFF LINE: Serial communication between the DCM and CPU is disabled, and the
CPU is under control of the programmer.
ON LINE: Serial communication between the DCM and CPU is enabled, and the
programmer is not functional.
GEK-90477 installation and Operation of the DCM
3-5
.
NOTE
The terminal LED indicator on the face of the Series Three
identifies the status of the serial link between the DCM and CPU.
Terminal LED ON:
Terminal LED OFF:
DCM/CPU interface enabled.
DCM/CPU interface disabled.
Interaction between the DCM ON/OFF-LINE switch and the CPU Keyswitch
In order to establish or maintain the serial link between the DCM and the Series Three
CPU, the CPU keyswitch must be in the Run 1 or Run position, and the DCM
ON/OFF-LINE switch in the ON-LINE position. If the CPU keyswitch is ever taken out
of the Run 1/Run position when the serial link is enabled, the link will become disabled
and the TERMINAL LED will turn off.
To re-enable communications:
1.
2.
Put the CPU keyswitch back in Run 1 or Run position.
Cycle the ON/OFF-LINE switch on the DCM with the final position being ON
LINE.
NOTE
Once the link is established and the TERMINAL LED is on, the
Series Three CPU can be put in either Stop/Program or Run mode
by a serial request from the master device on the link. See the
application examples in Chapter 5.
3-7
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCM
Communication Port Configuration DIP Switches
The bottom group of eight DIP switches on the back of the DCM selects the mode of
operation for the communication port (refer to Figure 3.2 for location of switches). The
various settings for the communication set up parameters are shown in Table 3.1. To
execute the loop-back test the ON/OFF-LINE switch must in the Off-Line mode.
Table 3.1 COMMUNICATIONS PORT CONFIGURATION DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
DATA RATE SELECTION (BPS)
*300
1200
9600
19.2 k
PARITY
SELECTION
Parity ENABLED (Odd parity
generated and checked).
*Parity DISABLED (No parity
is generated or checked).
LOOP-BACK TEST
(Special C onnector Required)
Enabled
*Disabled
TURN-AROUND
DELAY
* 0 ms delay
10 m s delay
KEYING
SIGNAL
Enabled
*Disabled
*Factory set default position.
DIP-SWITCH
1
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
DIP-SWITCH
3
ON
NUMBER
2
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
NUMBER
OFF
DIP-SWITCH NUMBER
4
O N
OFF
DIP-SWITCH N-UMBER
5
OFF
ON
DIP-SWITCH
6
ON
OFF
NUMBER
3-8
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCM
POWER SUPPLY SELECT SWITCH
There is a power supply select switch on the back of the module for the selection of
i n t e r n a l (CPU) o r e x t e r n a l p o w e r f o r t h e DCM. A n a d j a c e n t l a b e l i n d i c a t e s c o r r e c t
switch orientation for each selection. See the section, External Power Supply Connector,
in this chapter for information on the installation of an external power supply.
USING THE DCM WITH CPU RACK POWER
U s e r s w i t h S e r i e s T h r e e p o w e r s u p p l y IC630PWR300A r e q u i r e a n e x t e r n a l 5 V d c p o w e r
s u p p l y t o o p e r a t e t h e DCM.
I f p o w e r s u p p l y IC630PWR300A
is used with the DCM,
inconsistent CPU or communications operation wiIl result.
NOTE
Even if a high-capacity power supply is being used in the CPU rack,
inconsistent CPU or communications operation may be observed
depending on the number and unit load of I/O modules installed in
the rack. Refer to Tables 3.2 and 3.3 for units of load supplied by
the d i f f e r e n t r a c k s a n d u s e d b y I / O m o d u l e s a n d o t h e r s y s t e m
devices.
Table 3.2 SERIES THREE UNITS* OF LOAD (SUPPLIED)
CATALOG
NUMBER
IC630PWR300A
IC630PWR310A
IC63OPWR314A
IC630PWR320A
IC630PWR324A
* 1 unit = 10 mA.
DESCRIPTION
Standard
Hi Cap.
Hi Cap.
Hi Cap.
Hi Cap.
POWER SUPPLIED IN UNITS OF LOAD
+5v
+12v
P.S. 115/230 Vac
P.S. 115/230 Vac
P.S. 24 Vdc
P.S. Remote I/O 115/230Vac
P.S. Remote I/O 24 Vdc
250
300
300
300
300
100
200
200
200
200
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCM
3-10
INSTALLING THE DCM
To install the DCM:
1. Set the internal/external power switch to the desired position.
2. Position the unit address (ID) and port configuration DIP switches to the desired
position (see Figure 3.3 and Table 3.1).
3. Mount the DCM in the Series Three rack or outside the rack within about 5 feet
of the CPU.
4. With the Series Three power off, connect the DCM to the CPU using cable
IC630CBL395A as shown in Figure 3.4.
If, before powering up, the DCM ON-LINE/OFF-LINE switch is placed in the ON-LINE
position and the Series Three CPU switch is in the RUN position, after power up the PWR
and DIAG indicators on the DCM should light in that order. In addition, the RUN and
TERMINAL indicators on the CPU should light. For more information on power-up
conditions affecting the CPU and communications status see Table 3.4.
TPK.A.40458
Figure 3.4 CONNECTING THE DCM TO THE CPU
GEK-90477 Installation and Operation of the DCM
3-11
POWER CYCLE CONDITIONS AFFECTING SYSTEM OPERATION
When the power is cycled, the resulting CPU and communications status depends upon the
position of the DCM-ON-LINE/OFF-LINE
switch as shown in Table 3.4.
Table 3.4 POWER CYCLE CONDITIONS AFFECTING SYSTEM OPERATION
(The user program is assumed to be in CMOS RAM).
KEY-SWITCH
RESULTING CPU AND COMMUNICATIONS
STATUS ON POWER CYCLE
On-Line
Run
CPU in Run mode with TERMINAL mode
indicator ON.
Off-Line
Run
CPU in Run mode with TERMINAL mode
indicator OFF.
DCM
CPU
4-3
GEK-90477 Electrical Interface Circuits
CATALOG NUMBERS FOR GE SUPPLIED CABLES
Some fixed length cables as listed below can be purchased through GE.
-I
CATALOG NUMBER
DESCRIPTION
Workmaster to Adapter Unit
DCU or DCM to Asynchronous/Joystick
Card
DCU or DCM to Adapter Unit
Comms Link/Test Connector
LENGTH
IC630CBL390B
IC630CBL391A
3 feet (1 meter)
13 feet (4 meters)
IC630CBL392A
10 feet (3 meters)
IC630CCM394A
GROUNDING
CARE SHOULD BE EXERCISED TO ENSURE THAT BOTH THE
DCU OR DCM AND THE DEVICE TO WHICH IT IS CONNECTED
ARE GROUNDED TO A COMMON POINT
IN DIRECT
CONNECTIONS.
F A I L U R E T O D O S O COULD R E S U L T IN
DAMAGE TO THE EQUIPMENT.
RS-422 DIRECT CABLE DIAGRAMS
The RS-422 signal nomenclature used in this manual can be cross referenced to the
RS-422 EIA standard as follows:
CCM SIGNAL NAME
RS-422 out
RS-422 out
RS-422 in
RS-422 in
+
+
-
(TXD+)
(TXD-)
(RXD+)
(RXD-)
RS-422 STANDARD SIGNAL NAME
B
A
B'
A'
During a mark condition (logic 1), B will be positive with respect to A. During a space
condition (logic 0), B will be negative with respect to A.
GEK-90477
Electrical
Interface
4-4
Circuits
When connecting the DCU or DCM to a non-Series Six master device using the RS-422
s t a n d a r d , t h e n o n - S e r i e s S i x d e v i c e ’ s l i n e r e c e i v e r m u s t c o n t a i n “ f a i l s a f e ” capabilitiy.
This means that in an idle, open, or shorted line condition, t h e o u t p u t o f t h e l i n e r e c e i v e r
chip must assume the “marking” state.
NOTE
When using RS-422, the twisted pairs should be matched so that
both transmit signals make up one twisted pair and both receive
If this is not done,
signals make up the other twisted pair.
cross-talk can occur and severely affect the performance of the
communication
system.
SELECTION OF TERMINATING RESISTORS
It is necessary to terminate an RS-422 link with the proper resistance in order to
m i n i m i z e r e f l e c t i o n o n t h e l i n e . F o r p oi n t - t o - p o i n t l i n k s w i t h a m a s t e r a n d a s i n g l e
slave, the factory-supplied resistor with a value of 150 ohms has been found to provide
satisfactory termination for cable lengths of 10 feet to 4000 feet.
This resistor should be installed in the connector at either end of a point-to-point or
m u l t i d r o p l i n k b e t w e e n t h e r e c e i v e d a t a (+) a n d r e c e i v e d a t a (-) p i n s . N o t e r m i n a t i o n
resistor is needed for intermediate drops on a multidrop link. The daisy chain out
connections are provided to allow direct soldering of the terminating resistor.
In a m u l t i d r o p c o n f i g u r a t i o n ( w h e r e t e r m i n a t i n g r e s i s t o r s a r e i n s t a l l e d a t t h e f i r s t a n d
last drops only), it may be necessary to replace the factory supplied terminating resistor
a t t h e l a s t a c t i v e r e c e i v e r i n t h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n l i n k . This resistor should be between
120 ohms and 240 ohms; its actual value will vary with the distance from the master
transmitter and the number of drops on the multidrop link.
4-6
G E K - 9 0 4 7 7 E l e c t r i c a l Interface C i r c u i t s
RS-422
LINK
CONNECTOR
To simplify the user wiring associated with 4-wire multidrop configurations, two sets of
RS-422 terminations are provided in the connector (daisy chain in and daisy chain out).
This allows you to have only one wire or solder connection per pin. In the event that a
DCU or DCM on an intermediate drop is disconnected from the chain, however, a link
c o n n e c t o r ( c a t a l o g n u m b e r IC630CCM394A) m u s t b e i n s t a l l e d o n t h e c o n n e c t o r o f t h e
disconnected drop to enable communications further down the link. Figure 4.3 illustrates
the link connector.
TPK.A.40008
COMM
v--0 25 RXDi
o0
0
o-
TXD -
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
RXDTXD +
0
0
0
0
MD+ -.
o-
RXDTXD TXD+- \
INTERNAL
CONNECTIONS
25-PIN FEMALE
CONNECTOR
Figure 4.3 LINK CONNECTOR USED WHEN A DCU OR DCM IS REMOVED
FROM A MULTIDROP CHAIN
GEK-90477
Electrical
Interface
Circuits
4-8
MODEM CONFIGURATION CABLE DIAGRAMS
In many cases, it is impossible to obtain a direct connection between elements of a
communications system. If greater distance between elements is needed, modems can be
introduced into the configuration.
The modems used on multidrop links must be switched-carrier, carrier-sense, full-duplex
modems. These modems allow Request-to-Send/Clear-to-Send control of the modem.
The modem carrier is turned on by the same signal that controls data transmission in the
direct connection.
The RTS and CTS signals correspond to the Standard Data Terminal Equipment usage as
explained below.
-
When the DCU or DCM is not transmitting, the handshake output line (RTS) is in
the false state.
- When the DCU or DCM has received a command to transmit some data, the
handshake output line is set to true.
-
After an optional turn-around delay, the DCU or DCM will check the handshake
input line (CTS) and begin transmitting the data if the handshake input line is
true.
-
When the DCU or DCM has completed transmitting data, the handshake output
line (RTS) will be set false.
-
If the handshake input line (CTS) changes back to false before the DCU or DCM
is finished transmitting, the DCU or DCM will stop transmitting at a character
boundary and wait for the handshake input line (CTS) to change back to true.
-
When flow control is used, the device implementing it must also guarantee that
(CTS) will become false anytime (RTS) is set to false at the end of a data block.
These rules explain the transmit function only. The standard DTE data receive function
is independent of the RTS and CTS handshake lines. The DTE is able to receive data at
any time.
4-13
GEK-90477 Electrical Interface Circuits
The loop-back test performs the following test sequence:
1.
T h e p o w e r - u p d i a g n o s t i c s a b o v e a r e p e r f o r m e d . I f t h e s e d i a g n o s t i c s fail, the
DIAG LED will be turned OFF and if the diagnostics pass, the DIAG LED will be
ON.
2.
A serial l o o p - b a c k t e s t u s i n g t h e s p e c i a l t e s t c o n n e c t o r s h o w n i n F i g u r e 4 . 4 i s
performed. This procedure verifies that all of the serial interface hardware is
operational.
A test pattern is written to the communications port. The received pattern is
then compared to the transmitted pattern for error detection.
When executing the Loop-Back Diagnostics, the DATA LED Will be ON if the
diagnostic testing is passing and BLINKING if the loop-back verification is being
attempted but is not passing.
3.
With the DCU connected to the Series One or Series One Junior CPU or the DCM
connected to the Series Three CPU, a request will be made for data from the
CPU. If this request is honored, t h e D A T A L E D w i l l r e m a i n O N a n d i f t h e
request fails, the DATA LED will be turned OFF.
TPK.A.40158
COMM
CT+-
~
CTSf
RTSRTS+
12 0
11 0
10 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 17
0 I6
__ RW+
RXDno-
0 1s
TxD+.
0
25-PIN MALE
CONNECTOR
Figure 4.4 LOOP-BACK TEST CONNECTOR
GEK-90477
Communication
5-1
Examples
CHAPTER 5
COMMUNICATION EXAMPLES USING THE SERIES SIX PC
AS A MASTER DEVICE
This chapter explains h o w t o b u i l d t h e S e r i e s S i x l a d d e r d i a g r a m t o i n i t i a t e
communications between a Series Six PC and a Series One, Series One Junior, Series One
Plus, or Series Three PC.
tNTRODUCTlON
When a Series Six PC is part of a communications link with a Series One/Junior/Plus or
Series Three PC, the Series Six PC is the master and therefore the only initiator of
communications.
The SCREQ function programmed into the Series Six CPU must be executed to initiate
communications. The Communications Control Module (CCM2 or CCM3 in CCM2 mode)
in the Series Six CPU rack uses the information supplied by this function to establish
c o m m u n i c a t i o n s w i t h t h e D C U o r D C M a n d e x e c u t e a t r a n s f e r o f d a t a t o o r f r o m the
Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus, or Series Three PC.
Refer to the Series Six Data Communications
- Manual. GEK-25364, for details on using
the SCREQ command. There are differences in memory types between Series One. Series
One Junior, Series One Plus, or Series Three PCs and the Series Six PC which affect the
programming of the SCREQ command registers. The differences are explained in this
chapter, and a number of application examples are included to assist the reader.
NOTE
CCM2 PROM Revision D or later is required for communications
with the DCU or DCM.
CCM3 PROM Revision C or later is required for communciations
with the DCU or DCM.
The revision letter can be found on the labels attached to the
socketed PROMS located on the component side of the module. On
this label is a 3-digit number followed by a dash followed by a
3-digit number. The revision letter is after the second 3-digit
number, and it may differ from PROM to PROM on the module.
The correct revision letter is the highest of the letters.
5-2
GEK-90477 Communication Examples
S C R E Q REGiSTERS
The six SCREQ registers are defined as follows:
Rnnnn
Rnnnn + 1
Rnnnn + 2
Rnnnn + 3
Rnnnn + 4
Rnnnn + 5
*
Command Number (must be valid for DCU or DCM)
Target * ID
Target Memory Type
Target Memory Address
Data Length
Source* Memory Address
In Series Six to Series One/Junior/Plus or Series Three communications. the target is
always the Series One/Junior/Plus or Series Three PC and the source is always the
Series Six PC.
Rnnnn: C O M M A N D N U M B E R S
Port J1 of CCM2
0 6 7 0 0 (17D4H) N o O p
06101 (17D5H)
READ
READ
06102 (17D6H)
06103 (17D7H)
READ
06111 (17DFH)
WRITE
WRITE
06112 (17EOH)
06113 (17E1H)
WRITE
from target to source
from target to source
from target to source
to target from source
to target from source
to target from source
Register Table
Input Table
Output Table
Register Table
Input Table
Output Table
Port J2 of CCM2
06200
06201
06202
06203
06211
06212
06213
(1838H)
(1839H)
(183AH)
(183BH)
(1843H
(1844H)
(1845H)
No Op
READ
READ
READ
WRtTE
WRITE
WRITE
from target to source
from target to source
from target to source
to target from source
to target from source
to target from source
Register Table
Input Table
Output Table
Register Table
Input Table
Output Table
Rnnnn + 1 : TARGET ID
T h i s i s t h e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n n u m b e r o f t h e t a r g e t d e v i c e . For a Series One/Junior/Plus or
Series Three CPU, this number is the DCU or DCM ID number and can range from 1 to 90.
GEK-90477
Communication
5-3
Examples
Rnnnn + 2: T A R G E T M E M O R Y T Y P E
The target memory types used with the Series One/Junior/Plus and Series Three PCs are:
Number
1
3
6
7
9
Type
Timer/Counter Accumulators and Data
Discrete I/O
CPU Scratch Pad Memory
User Logic Memory
DCU or DCM Diagnostic Status Words
Registers*
*Data Registers exist in the Series Three CPU only.
Rnnnn + 3 : T A R G E T M E M O R Y A D D R E S S
The target memory address specifies the relative address within the Series One. Series
One J u n i o r , Series O n e P l u s , o r S e r i e s T h r e e C P U w h e r e t h e t r a n s f e r i s t o b e g i n . T h e
valid ranges given below are for communications initiated by the Series Six PC.
Memory
Register
mapping
numbers
1, 6, 7, 8,
Valid
Range
T y p e 1 : The t a r g e t m e m o r y a d d r e s s s p e c i f i e s t h e T i m e r / C o u n t e r or D a t a
w h e r e t h e d a t a t r a n s f e r i s t o b e g i n . See Tables 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 and 5.4 for the
of Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus and Series Three reference
into refe rence numbers used for communication. Also, see application examples
12, 13, 14 and 15.
Series One
1-64 decimal
Series One Junior
l-21 decimal
Series One Plus
l-128 decimal
Series Three
l-192 decimal
Memory Type 3: The target memory address specifies the group of 8 discrete I/O points
w h e r e t h e d a t a t r a n s f e r i s t o b e g i n . See Tables 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, and 5.4 for mapping of
Series One, Series One Junior, Series One Plus, and Series Three discrete l/O reference
numbes into reference numbers used for communication. Also, see application examples
2, 3, 16, and 17.
Valid
Range
Series One
l-48 decimal
Series One Junior
1-32 decimal
Series One Plus
1-64 decimal
Series Three
l-128 decimal
GEK-90477
Communication
5-4
Examples
Memory Type 6; The target memory address specifies the CPU Scratch-Pad byte (8-bits)
at which the data transfer is to begin. Address 0 is used to access the RUN/STOP mode
and address 22 is used to access the PC type. Two bytes must be read or written. See
application examples 9, 10, 11, 20, 21, and 22.
Valid
Range
Series One
0 or 22 dec
Series One Junior
0 o r 22 dec
Series One Plus
~___-0, 2, 4, or 22 dec
Series
Three
0 to 22 dec
The Scratch-Pad for the Series One Plus has been expanded to accommodate the
password and program error check features. See the section “Using the Password and
Error Checking Features of the Series One Plus PC”, later in this chapter.
M e m o r y T y p e 7 : T h e t a r g e t m e m o r y a d d r e s s s p e c i f i e s t h e U s e r - L o g i c m e m o r y w o r d (16
bits) at which the data transfer is to begin. See application examples 4, 5. 1 8 , and 19.
Valid
Range
Series One
0-1723 dec
Series One ~~~
Junior
0-699 dec
Series One Plus
0-1723 dec
Series Three
0-4094 d e c
Type 9: The Target Address specifies the DCU or DCM Diagnostic Status Word
-Memory
(16 bits) at which the data transfer is to begin. The only valid starting address for Series
One. Series One Junior, Series One Plus, and Series Three is 0. See application examples
23. 24.
Valid
Range
Series One
0 decimal
Series One Junior
0 decimal
Series One Plus
0 decimal
Series Three
0 decimal
GEK-90477
Communication
Examples
5-12
Rnnnn +4: DATA LENGTH
This is the data length of the source
__~ (Series Six) memory type.
To determine the source data length, it is necessary to compare the unit lengths of the
source and target memory types.
Table 5.5 UNIT LENGTHS OF SOURCE AND TARGET MEMORY TYPES
SOCRCE (SERIES
r----2,
SIX)
MEMORY
TYPE
Registers
Inputs and Outputs
1:
3:
SERIES ONE, JUNIOR/PLUS,
SERIES THREE M E M O R Y TYPE
1:
1:
3:
6:
7:
9:
Timer/Counter Accumulator
Data Registers (Series
One Plus and Three Only)
Discrete I/O
Scratch Pad Bytes
User Logic Word
Diagnostic Status Word
Example:
registers,
However,
inputs, the
UNIT LENGTH
1 Reg
= 16 bits
1 Point =
1 bit
UNIT LENGTH
1 Accum = 16 bits
1 Data = 8 bits
Reg
1 Point = 1 bit
1 Byte = 8 bits
1 Word = 16 bits
1 Word = 16 bits
LENGTH
ACCESSIBLE
Register(s)
Multiples of 8 Points
LENGTH ACCESSIBLE
Accumulator(s)
Multiples of 2 Reg
Multiples of 8 Points
2 Bytes
Word(s)
5 Words
If you want to read 5 target Timer/Counter accumulators into Series Six
the Data Length is 5 registers since the unit length is the same for each.
if you want to read the 5 target Timer/Counter accumulators into Series Six
Data Length is 5 Accum. x 16 Points/Accum. = 80 Points.
E x a m p l e : I f y o u w a n t t o r e a d 8 t a r g e t d i s c r e t e I/O i n t o S e r i e s S i x i n p u t s , t h e D a t a t e n t h
is 8 points since the unit length is the same for each. Discrete I/O and Series Six I/O can
only be accessed in multiples of 8.
Refer to the communication examples in this chapter for other combinations of target
and source memory types.
Limitations on Amount of Data for the Series One and Series One Junior PCs
For communications with the Series One Plus and Series Three PCs, the maximum amount
of data which can be transferred is limited only by the maximum size of the Series One
Plus or Series Three memory type being accessed.
For communications with the Series One and Series One Junior PCs, the maximum
amount of data which can be transferred is limited by the maximum size of memory types
6 (Scratch Pad) and 9 (Diagnostic Status Words). But the maximum amount of data which
c a n b e t r a n s f e r r e d i s l i m i t e d f u r t h e r f o r m e m o r y t y p e s 1 ( T / C A c cu m u l a t o r s ) , 3 (l/O a n d
Shift Registers), and 7 (User Logic) as shown in Table 5.6.
GEK-90477
Communication
5-l 5
-.-~
Examples
.
CHANGING THE PASSWORD OF THE SERIES ONE PLUS PC
Changing the password is a 2-step operation. First, you must log in as explained in the
preceding section. Then you must execute another write command from registers to the
Series One Plus Scratch-Pad beginnng at address 0002H. T h e w r i t e c o m m a n d w i l l w r i t e 5
registers of information as follows
Rn
Rn+l
Rn+2
Rn+3
Rn+4
0A00*(Hex)
0000
0000
0000
xxxx**(BCD)
Where 000AH is the subcommand written to Scratch-Pad
address 0002H, and where XXXX is the new password entered
A value of zero is
in BCD.
Valid range 0-9999.
equivalent to no password.
Also see application example 10.
* The least significant byte of the subcommand occupies the most significant byte of
the Series Six register.
** T h e m o s t s i g n i f i c a n t b y t e o f t h e p a s s w o r d o c c u p i e s t h e m o s t signif icant b y t e o f the
Series Six register.
USER
PROGRAM
ERROR
CHECKING
A complete program error check can be initiated at any time on a program in the Series
One Plus CPU as explained below.
Initiating the error check and reading the error code is a 4 step operation.
1. T o i n i t i a t e t h e e r r o r c h e c k . w r i t e t h e s u b c o m m a n d , 0003H, f r o m a S e r i e s S i x r e g i s t e r
to the Series One Pius Scratch-Pad address 0002H.
2 . R e a d t h e e r r o r c o d e f r o m S c r a t c h - P a d a d d r e s s 0004H. I f t h e c o n t e n t s o f a d d r e s s
0004H i s z e r o , t h e r e i s n o e r r o r c o d e . If the contents of address 0004H is not zero.
then this is the error code. Go to the next step to find the location of the first error
in the user program.
3. To find the location of the error,
addess 0002H.
w r i t e t h e s u b c o m m a n d , 0006H,
to Scratch-Pad
4. Read the location from the Scratch-Pad address 0004H. The contents of address 0004
is the location of the first error in user memory.
Table 5.9 defines the errors which may be found in a user program when the Series One
Plus CPU is transitioned from PROGRAM to RUN. Also see application example 11.
5-16
GEK-90477 Communication Examples
DIAGNOSTIC STATUS WORDS
There are 5 Diagnostic Status Words in the DCU and DCM which store information
regarding the communications activity on their ports.
When reading the Diagnostic Status Words, t h e t r a n s f e r c a n s t a r t o n l y w i t h a d d r e s s 0
(word number 1 ) and all 5 words must be read. An external device can read or write/clear
the Diagnostic Status Words by specifying memory type 9.
Diagnostic
Status
Word Number
1
I- 1 6
Communications Port
Most recent
communication
(Error Code)
9
8
B i t Number
1
Communications Port
Next most recent
communication
(Error Code )
Number of Successful Conversations on Communications Port
2
t
3
Number of Aborted Conversations on Communications Port
1
4
Number of Header Re-tries on Communications Port
5
Number of Data Block Re-tries on Communications Port
NOTE
I f y o u e x p e r i e n c e u n e x p e c t e d d i f f i c u l t i e s in communications,
the
Series
retrieve
the
Diagnostic
Status Words from
One/Plus/Junior or Series Three and compare the value in the upper
and lower bytes of Diagnostic Status Word 1 with the error codes
listed in Table 5.9
DIAGNOSTIC STATUS WORD 1 ERROR CODES
Table 5.9 contains a list of all of the error codes that are reported in Diagnostic Status
Word 1.
5-17
GEK-90477 Communication Examples
Table 5.9 DIAGNOSTIC STATUS WORD ERROR CODES
ERROR
DEC
DESCRIPTION
CODE
HEX
transfer.
00
Successful
01
A time out occurred on the serial link.
02
An external device attempted to write data to a section
the CPU scratch pad that is not allowed.
03
An external device attempted to read or write a nonexistent
I/O point.
4
04
An external device attempted to access more data than is
available in a particular memory type.
5
05
A n e x t e r n a l d e v i c e a t t e m p t e d t o r e a d o r w r i t e a n o d d number
of bytes to Timer/Counter or register memory, user-logic
memory, o r t h e d i a g n o s t i c s t a t u s w o r d s .
6
06
A n e x t e r n a l d e v i c e a t t e m p t e d t o r e a d o r w r i t e o n e o r more
nonexistent Timer/Counter accumulated or register values.
7
07
An external device specified the transfer of zero
data bytes.
8
08
An external device attempted to write to protected memory.
T h i s w i l l b e t h e e r r o r c o d e i f a n a t t e m p t i s m a d e to
W r i t e t o u s e r - l o g i c m e m o r y w h i l e t h e C P U i s i n t h eRUN
mode.
This is also returned if the password is active
and the CPU is locked.
9
09
An external device attempted to transfer data to or from
an invalid memory type.
10
OA
An external device attempted to read or write one or more
nonexistent diagnostic status words.
of
GEK-90477
Communication
5-18
Examples
~----~
_ .--
----- _-
Table 5.9 (Cont.) DIAGNOSTIC STATUS WORD ERROR CODES
DESCRIPTION
ERROR CODE
HEX
DEC
-
-
11
OB
An external device attempted to transfer data beginning
at an invalid user-logic memory or scratch-pad address.
12
oc
Serial communication was aborted after a data block
transfer was retried three t i m e s .
13
OD
Serial communication was aborted after a header transfer
was retried three times.
15
OF
Unit address in ENQUIRY was correct but does not agree
with unit address specified in the HEADER block.
20
14
One
data
a)
b)
c)
d)
4
21
15
The DCU or DCM expected to receive an EOT character from
an external device and did not receive it.
22
16
The DCU or DCM expected to receive an ACK or NAK
character and did not receive either one.
26
1A
A time out occurred during an attempt to transmit on
a port due to CTS being in an inactive state too long.
29
1D
An error occurred when data was being transferred
b e t w e e n t h e DCU a n d t h e S e r i e s O n e , S e r i e s O n e J u n i o r ,
or the Series One Plus CPU or the DCM and the
Series Three CPU.
30
1E
A parity, framing, or overrun error occurred during a
serial header transfer.
31
1F
A parity, framing, or overrun error occurred during a
serial data block transfer.
or more of the following errors occurred during a
block transfer:
An invalid STX character was received,
An invalid ETB character was received,
An invalid ETX character was received,
An invalid LRC character was received,
A parity, framing, or overrun error occurred.
-
_-
GEK-90477
Communication
5-19
Examples
SERIES ONE, SERIES ONE JUNIOR, SERIES ONE PLUS,
AND SERIES THREE ERROR CODES
There are certain errors detected by the Series One/Junior/Plus or Series Three CPU
during communication attempts. I f t h i s e r r o r o c c u r s i t w i l l b e d i s p l a y e d on t h e S e r i e s
O n e / J u n i o r / P l u s o r S e r i e s T h r e e p r o g r a m m e r d i s p l a y w i t h t h e following c o d e s . I n
addition, these error codes can be obtained from the Series One Plus CPU by an external
device using a serial request. See application example 11.
Table 5.10 SERIES ONE, SERIES ONE JUNIOR,
SERIES ONE PLUS, SERIES THREE CPU ERROR CODES
DIAGNOSTIC STATUS
REPORTED
1D Hex
00 Hex
CODE
ERROR CODE
DISPLAYED ON
PROGRAMMER
TYPE OF ERROR
CONDITION
E02
Instruction and I/O data wrong.
Input programmed as an Output.
E21
Parity error in user program
memory .
E31
Watchdog
E41*
I/O module configuration change
since last power up.
Invalid
I/O to CPU transfer.
No Error Code
PROGRM/RUN
keyswitch set to
program; DCU to CPU cable
disconnected; CPU not
accepting
communication
request,
E01
Incorrect entry of instruction
and data wrong, operand on write
to user program instruction
and/or data has parity error on
write to user program, cannot
write to user program memory.
(Program in PROM or RAM
defective).
El0
All user program memory
locations used.
timer timed out.
* Series Three only.
Some of the above error conditions also cause diagnostic status code “1 D hex” to be
returned in Diagnostic Status Word 1. O t h e r c o n d i t i o n s w i l l b e r e p o r t e d a s s u c c e s s f u l
transfers (diagnostic status code “00 hex”).
GEK-90477
Communication
Example 6:
Examples
READ FROM
5-26
TARGET DATA REGISTERS (SERIES ONE PLUS)
Read 64 Series One Plus Data Registers and store in-series Six data
r e g i s t e r s s t a r t i n g a t S e r i e s S i x R e g i s t e r 1. T a r g e t I D i s 1 0 .
Communication to take place on CCM port Jl.
= 06101 (decimal) COMMAND NUMBER - Read from target to source
Register Table.
= 00010 ID Of TARGET DEVICE - 10.
= 00001 MEMORY TYPE OF TARGET - Register memory.
= 00065 MEMORY ADDRESS OF TARGET - Start reading from Series
One Plus Register 400. S e e T a b l e 5 . 3 f o r m a p p i n g o f S e r i e s O n e
Plus data register reference numbers to reference numbers used for
communication.
= 00032 DATA LENGTH - 64 Series One Plus registers (32 Series Six
registers).
= 00001 MEMORY ADDRESS OF SOURCE - Start storing in Series
Six at Register 1.
Rnnnn
Rnnnn
Rnnnn
Rnnnn
(+I)
(+2)
(+3)
Rnnnn
(+4)
Rnnnn
(+5)
The Series Six ladder logic is shown below:
10006
+--,
00104
,-_-----------------11-----11------------------------------------------(os)-+
1r
1 00106
+--I
[---I:
ROlOO
+06101
+ooolo
BLOCK MOVE
+OOOOl
+00065
+00032
+OOOOl
+OOOOO
I+-(
>-+
00106
ROlOO
+ - - I I---[SCREQ]
Series One Plus data registers are 8-bits long therefore two of these registers w il I be
transferred to one 16-bit Series Six register. The least significant of the two Series One
Plus data registers will be transferred to the least significant byte of the corresponding
Series Six register (see sample format below):
.
Series Six Register 1
Low Byte
High Byte
Series One Plus Register 2 Series One Plus Register 7
(address 400)
~ (address 401)
GEK-90477
Communication
Examples
5-29
-
If a timer is programmed in Series One Plus user logic and the input to that timer is
open, the value of the accumulator will always be zero. If, however, the input to the
timer is closed and the timer is timing, the accumulator will assume the value
written to it and will resume timing out from that value. Once the timer has timed
out, the accumulator will accept new values, and if the value is below the preset, the
timer “coil” is reset and the timer will start timing from the new accumulator value
to the preset. When the timer is reset, the accumulator will always assume the value
of zero.
-
When a counter accumulator is programmed in Series One Plus user logic, it can be
written to unless the reset input is on. Once the counter has counted out, the
accumulator wilt accept new values, and if the value is below the preset, the counter
“coil” is reset and the counter will start counting from the new accumulator value to
the preset. When the counter is reset, the accumulator will always assume value of
zero.
Prior to execution of the serial request, data to be transferred must be placed in Series
Six registers as follows: The low byte of a Series One Plus Timer or Counter accumulator
must be stored in the low byte of the corresponding Series Six register. The high byte of
the Series One Plus timer or counter accumulator must be stored in the high byte of the
Series Six register.
GEK-90477
Communication
Example 11:
Examples
5-32
CHECK PROGRAM ERROR CODE (SERIES ONE PLUS)
Checking for a user program error and its location requires the
execution of 4 communication requests.
1. To inititate the error check, write Register 1 containing the subcommand (0300 Hex)
to the Series One Scratch-Pad starting at address 0002. This initiates the error check.
Rnnnn
Rnnnn (+I)
Rnnnn (+2)
Rnnnn (+3)
Rnnnn (+4)
Rnnnn (+5)
2. To read
= 06111 (decimal) COMMAND NUMBER - Write to target from
source Register Table.
= 00002 ID OF TARGET DEVICE - 2.
= 00006 MEMORY TYPE OF TARGET - Scratch-Pad.
= 00002 MEMORY ADDRESS OF TARGET - Start writing to
Scratch-Pad address 02.
= 00001 DATA LENGTH - 1 register.
= 00001 MEMORY ADORESS Of SOURCE - Start sending from Series
Six Register 1.
the error code,
Rnnnn
Rnnnn (+I)
Rnnnn (+2)
Rnnnn (+3)
Rnnnn (+4)
Rnnnn (+5)
read the Series One Plus Scratch-Pad address 0004.
= 06101 (decimal) COMMAND NUMBER - Read from target to source
Register Table.
= 00002 ID OF TARGET DEVICE - 2.
= 00006 MEMORY TYPE OF TARGET - Scratch-Pad.
= 00004 MEMORY ADDRESS OF TARGET - Start reading from
Scratch-Pad address 0004,
= 00001 DATA LENGTH - 1 register.
= 00002 MEMORY ADDRESS OF SOURCE - Start storing in Series
Six Register 2.
3 . I f t h e c o n t e n t s o f S c r a t c h - P a d a d d r e s s 0 0 0 4 a r e 0 , t h e n t h e r e i s n o e r r o r . If the
contents are not 0, initiate the error location check by writing Register 3 containing
the subcommand (0600 Hex) to Series One Scratch-Pad address 0002.
Rnnnn
Rnnnn (+1)
Rnnnn (+2)
Rnnnn (+3)
Rnnnn (+4)
Rnnnn (+5)
= 06111 (decimal) COMMAND NUMBER - Write to target from
source Register Table.
= 00002 ID OF TARGET DEVICE - 2.
= 00006 MEMORY TYPE OF TARGET - Scratch-Pad.
= 00002 MEMORY ADDRESS OF TARGET - Start writing to
Scratch-Pad address 0002.
= 00001 DATA LENGTH - 1 register.
= 00003 MEMORY ADDRESS OF SOURCE - Start sending from Series
Six Register 3.
4. To read the location of the error in user memory, read the Series One Plus
Scratch-Pad address 0004.
Rnnnn
R n n n n (+l)
Rnnnn (+2)
Rnnnn (+3)
Rnnnn (+4)
Rnnnn (+5)
= 06101 (decimal) COMMAND NUMBER - Read from target to source
Register Table.
= 00002 ID OF TARGET DEVICE - 2.
= 00006 MEMORY TYPE OF TARGET - Scratch-Pad.
= 00004 MEMORY ADDRESS OF TARGET - Start reading from
Scratch-Pad address 004.
= 00001 DATA LENGTH - 1 register.
= 00004 MEMORY ADDRESS OF SOURCE - Start storing in Series
Six Register 4.
GEK-90477
Communication
5-39
Examples
.
- lf a timer is programmed in Series Three user logic and the input to that timer is
open, the programmed preset will always override any value written to the
accumulator.
If, however, the input to the timer is closed and the timer is timing,
the accumulator will assume the value written to it and will resume timing d o w n
from that value. Once the timer has timed out, the accumulator will accept new
values but the timer will not time down again: it must be reset first. When the timer
is reset, the accumulator will always assume the preset value.
-
When a c o u n t e r a c c u m u l a t o r i s p r o g r a m m e d i n S e r i e s T h r e e U s e r L o g i c , i t c a n b e
written to unless the reset input is on. Once the counter has counted out, the
accumulator will accept new values but the counter will not count down again; it
must be reset first. When the counter is reset, the accumulator will always assume
the preset value.
Prior to execution of the serial request, data to be transferred must be placed in Series
Six registers as follows: T h e l o w b y t e o f a S e r i e s T h r e e T i m e r o r C o u n t e r a c c u m u l a t o r
must be stored in the low byte of the corresponding Series Six register. The high byte of
the Series Three timer or counter accumulator must be stored in the high byte of the
Series Six register.
GEK-90477
Communication
5-47
Examples
NOTE
U s e r s w i t h S e r i e s T h r e e CPUs w i t h d a t e c o d e s p r i o r t o 8408xxxx
and are executing user programs in PROM will experience difficulty
using this request since the user program is in PROM. In this case
the CCM will report the following for this request:
SERIES THREE MODE
R U N mode
PROGRAM/STOP
mode
PROM
D C M reports RUN mode
DCM reports RUN mode
DCM reports RUN mode
DCM reports PROGRAM mode
GEK-90477
Serial
Interface
Protocol
6-1
CHAPTER 6
SERIAL INTERFACE PROTOCOL
The purpose of this chapter is to provide complete information on DCU and DCM serial
interface protocol and timing to allow the user to write a serial communications driver
for a host computer or microprocessor.
INTRODUCTION,
MASTER-SLAVE
PROTOCOL
The serial interface protocol used for DCU and DCM data communications is based on the
Master-Slave portion of CCM protocol developed for Series Six data communications. As
used with the DCU or DCM, the host will always be the master and the DCU or DCM will
always be the slave. For a complete description of all aspects of Series Six CCM
protocol, see Chapter 4 of the Series Six Data Communications Manual, GEK-25364.
ASYNCHRONOUS
DATA
FORMAT
Data transferred across the physical channel will be sent serially one bit at a time. The
data is divided into 8-bit bytes and is transferred using an asynchronous format. Figure
6.1 shows the data format. If parity is selected, an additional parity bit is sent.
TPK.A.40015
-BIT 0
BIT I
LSB
BIT 2
BIT 3
BIT 4
BIT 5
BIT 6
BIT 7
BIT 8
MS8
DATA
BIT 9
+
I I
PARITY
BIT IO
STOP
( II
+ ODD OR NONE VIA DIP SWITCH SELECTION ON DCM
NOTE: WHEN PARITY IS DISABLED,BIT 9 IS NOT
INCLUDED IN THE TRANSMISSION.
Figure 6.1 SERIAL DATA FORMAT
GEK-90477
Serial
Interface
Protocol
6-2
The 8-bit b i n a r y d a t a i s t r a n s f e r r e d w i t h p a r i t y a n d b l o c k c h e c k c o d e s . A s w i l l b e
explained in detail later, the data transfer consists of a 17-byte header followed by data
blocks. The data transfers can be in either direction and are specified by the header.
C O N T R O L CHARACTER CODING
The control characters used in the serial interface protocol and their meaning are given
in Table 6.1.
Table 6.1 CONTROL CHARACTER CODES
ABBREVIATION HEX VALUE
01
02
03
04
05
06
15
17
SOH
STX
ETX
EOT
ENQ
ACK
NAK
ETB
MEANING
Start of Header
Start of Text
End of Text
End of Transmission
Enquiry
Acknowledgment
Negative Acknowledgment
End of Transmission Block
ENQUIRY RESPONSE DELAY
The enquiry response delay is a timed delay inserted between the receipt of an enquiry
sequence from a master and the response by a slave. This is done so that idle slaves,
which monitor any active link between the master and a slave, will not be confused by
enquiry sequences occurring during transmission of the data text. When an idle slave
recognizes an apparent enquiry sequence, i t s t a r t s a n i n t e r n a l t i m e r o f 1 0 m s p l u s 4
character times.
If any other character is
the enquiry. T h e r e f o r e ,
ensure that there will be
slave will not misinterpret
received before the timer times out, the idle slave disregards
any device transmitting data text on a multidrop link should
no gaps in the text greater than 2 character times so an idle
data as an enquiry sequence.
GEK-90477
Serial
Interface
6-3
Protocol
NORMAL SEQUENCE*, MASTER-SLAVE
Normal Enquiry Sequence
T h e f o r m o f t h e N o r m a l (N) E n q u i r y S e q u e n c e f r o m t h e m a s t e r t o t h e t a r g e t slave D C U
or DCM and the response by the target slave DCU or OCM is shown below. In data
c o m m u n i c a t i o n s i n v o l v i n g a D C U o r DCM, t h e D C U o r O C M i s a l w a y s t h e s l a v e ( t a r g e t )
and the Series Six or host computer is always the master (source).
TPK.A.40366
N
Target Address :
ENQ
ACK or NAK
:
:
ENQUIRY
CHARACTER
SENT FROM
SOURCE (MASTER)
TO SLAVE (TARGET)
RESPONSE
CHARACTER
SENT FROM
SLAVE (TARGET)
TO SOURCE (MASTER)
A S C I I c o d e d “ N ” (4E i n H E X c o d i n g ) u s e d t o s p e c i f y N o r m a l
Sequence operation--sent as a single byte.
Target address is the target ID number (set with the DCU Unit ID
DIP switches) to which the master is attempting communications
p l u s 20H ( A S C I I c o d e d "!" though “z” o r 2 1 t h r o u g h 7 A i n H E X
coding)--sent as a single byte.
ASCII control character meaning enquire--sent as a single byte.
negat i ve
Response from slave meaning acknowledge or
acknowIedgment--sent as a single byte.
If the slave response to a master enquiry is invalid, the master will delay a short time and
retry the enquiry. T h e m a s t e r w i l l r e t r y t h e e n q u i r y 3 2 t i m e s b e f o r e a b o r t i n g t h e
communication.
Normal Sequence Protocol Format
The general format for a successful communication is shown in Figures 6.2 and 6.3.
Figure 6.2 shows a data transfer from the source device to the target device and Figure
6.3 shows a data transfer from the target device to the source device. The source device
is always the initiator of the request; the target device receives the request.
The term, Normal Sequence, is retained from the explanation of CCM
Series Six Data Communications Manual (GEK-25364).
protocol in the
GEK-90477
Serial
Interface
Protocol
6-5
Master-Slave Normal Sequence Flow Charts
To fully understand how the protocol operates under error conditions see the flow charts
and accompanying explanation.
Normal Sequence, Master (See Figure 6.4)
Start N Sequence.
Start N. Enquiry.
Has enquiry been retried 32 times?
If YES, send EOT to slave and exit N Sequence.
If NO, send N Enquiry (N, Target Address, ENQ).
Read N Enquiry response.
Is there a time-out or error in response (response not an ACK or a NAK)?
If yes, delay 10 m s o r t h e t u r n - a r o u n d d e l a y i f i t i s n o t 0 m s , i n c r e m e n t t h e N
Enquiry retry count, and return to “Start N Enquiry”.
If NO, send the header to the slave.
Read response to header.
Is there a time-out on the response? (Condition 4, Table 6.2)
If YES, send an EOT and exit the initiate sequence.
If NO, is response an ACK or NAK?
If YES, has header been retried 3 times?
If YES, send EOT and exit initiate sequence.
If NO, return to “Send Header”.
If NO, go to “Read or Write Data Blocks” depending on the direction of data
transfer.
Normal Response, Slave (See Figure 6.5)
Start N Response.
Read N Enquiry.
Is N Enquiry sequence correct?
If NO, return to “Read N Enquiry”.
If YES, Start timer of 10 ms plus 4 character times.
Is timer done?
If NO, have any characters arrived?
If NO, go to “Is Timer Done?“.
If YES, go to “Read N Enquiry”.
If YES, send N Enquiry Response.
Read header.
Is there a time-out between ENQ response and the first character of the header?
If YES, send EOT and exit.
If NO, is header OK?
If NO, has header been retried 3 times?
If YES, send EOT and exit.
If NO, send NAK and return to “Read Header”.
If YES, Send A C K a n d g o t o “ R e a d a n d W r i t e D a t a B l o c k s ” d e p e n d i n g o n t h e
direction of data transfer.
GEK-90477
Serial
Interface
Protocol
6-10
Write Data Blocks, Master or Slave (See Figure 6.6)
Write data block.
IS there a time-out on the data block response? (Condition 6, Table 6.2)
*
If YES, is data block response ACK or NAK?
If NO, is data block response ACK or NAK?
If not ACK or NAK, send EOT to other device and exit.
If ACK or NAK, is it a NAK?
If YES, has data block been retried 3 times?
If NO, return to “Write Data Block”.
*If NO, is it last data block?
If NO, set up next data block and return to “Write Data Block”.
If YES, send EOT to end session.
Is this device a Master?
If YES, exit N Sequence.
If NO, read EOT.
Is there a time-out on EOT or is character not an EOT? (Condition 8, Table 6.2)
If there is a time-out or the character is not EOT, send EOT and exit N Response.
If EOT is OK, session is complete. Exit N response.
Read Data Blocks, Master or Slave (See Figure 6.7)
Read data block.
Is there a time-out on the first character of the data block? (Condition 5, Table 6.2)
If YES, send an EOT and exit.
If NO, is there a time-out on the entire data block? (Condition 7, Table 6.2)
If YES, send an EOT and exit.
If NO, is the data block OK?
If NO, has the data block been retried 3 times?
If YES, send EOT and exit.
If NO, send NAK and return to “Read Data Block”.
If YES, send ACK.
*Is it the last data block?
If NO, return to “Read Data Block”.
If YES, read EOT.
Is there a time-out on the EOT or is the character not an EOT?
If there is a time-out or the character is not EOT, send EOT and exit.
If EOT is OK, is this device a master?
If NO, the session is complete, exit N Response.
If YES, send EOT to end session, exit N Sequence.
*
For Series One and Series One Junior communications, only one partial data block
can be sent per request based on the time outs in Table 6.2. Therefore, it is always
The flow chart and accompanying explanation describe the full
the last.
f u n c t i o n a l i t y o f CCM2 p r o t o c o l .
GEK-90477
Serial
MASTER-SLAVE
Interface
MESSAGE
Protocol
6-11
TRANSFERS
As explained before, w h e n t h e m a s t e r w i s h e s t o i n i t i a t e a d a t a t r a n s f e r , i t i s s u e s a
The receiving d e v i c e r e s p o n d s b y s e n d i n g a
three-character enquiry sequence.
three-character acknowledge or negative acknowledge sequence. This establishes a link
which permits the transfer of a message. Message transfers consist of a 17-byte header,
sent by the master, followed by a block of data.
H E A D E R BLOCK
A header block is
header specifies the
be transferred, and
the header format is
BYTE
BYTES
sent before the text data block to describe transfer of data. The
direction of the data transfer, the amount and location of the data to
the destination of the transfer. The header is composed of 17 bytes;
shown in Figure 6.8.
1 SOH (01H)
DCU (target) ID Number (not encoded the same as the
2+3
target
address)
Data flow direction, DCU memory type
Most significant byte of address of requested data
+ 7
Least significant byte of address of requested data
+ 9
+ 11 Number of complete data blocks to follow the header (In
Series One and Series One Junior data communications, this
byte is always zero).
BYTES 12 + 13 Number of bytes in incomplete last block.
BYTES 14 + 15 Source ID Number
BYTE 16 ETB (17H)
BYTE 17 LRC (Exclusive "OR" of Bytes 2-15)
BYTES 4
BYTES 6
BYTES 8
BYTES 10
+ 5
Figure 6.8 SERIAL HEADER FORMAT
T h e i n f o r m a t i o n i n b y t e s 2 - 1 5 a r e A S C I I c o d e d h e x a d e c i m a l . V a l i d ASCII c o d e d
h e x a d e c i m a l v a l u e s a r e 30H-39H ( 0 - 9 ) a n d 41H-46H ( A - F ) . F o r f i e l d s r e q u i r i n g m o r e
than one byte, the most significant byte is transmitted first.
GEK-90477 Serial Interface Protocol
6-13
Memory Type 1 The target memory address specifies the Timer/Counter accumulator or
Data Register (Series One Plus and Series Three PCs only) where the data transfer is to
begin. The mapping of reference numbers to numbers used for the target memory address
is shown in Tables 5.1 (Series One), 5.2 (Series One Junior), 5.3 (Series One Plus), and 5.4
(Series Three).
Valid
Range
Series One
OOOlH-0040H
Series One Junior
0001H-00l5H
Series One Plus
_~-OOO1H-0080H
Series Three
000lH-00C0H
Memory Type 3 The target memory address specifies the Input or Output point where the
d a t a t r a n s f e r i s t o b e g i n . T h e t r a n s f e r b e g i n s w i t h t h e b y t e t h a t c o n t a i n s the s p e c i f i e d
Input or Output. T h e m a p p i n g o f d i s c r e t e I/O r e f e r e n c e n u m b e r s t o n u m b e r s u s e d f o r
target memory address is shown in Tables 5.1 (Series One), 5.2 (Series One Junior). 5.3
(Series One Plus), and 5.4 (Series Three).
Valid
Range
Series One
OOOlH-0030H
Series One Junior
Series One Plus
OOO1H-0020H
OOOlH-004OH
(excluding 0009H-OOOBH)
Series
Three
__------000lH-0083H
Memory Type 6 The target memory address specifies the CPU Scratch-Pad reference at
which the data transfer is to begin.
Valid
Range
Series One Junior
Series One
0000H or 0016H
0000H or 0016H
Series One Plus
0000H, 0002H,
0004H, or 0016H
Series Three
0000H or 0016H
The address can be either 0000H to access CPU operation mode status or 0016H to access
PC Type status. Operation mode and PC type each consist of 2 bytes. See the section,
Accessing the CPU Scratch Pad.
Memory Type 7 The target memory address specifies the User-Logic memory word at
which the data transfer is to begin. Timer and Counter instructions must be written in
their entirety (2 words or 4 bytes). T o c l e a r U s e r - L o g i c m e m o r y , w r i t e F F t o e a c h b y t e
to cleared.
Valid
Range
Series One
0000H-06BBH
Series One Junior
0000H-02BBH
Series One Plus
0000H-06BBH
Series Three
0000H-0FFEH
Memory Type 9 The target memory address specifies the Diagnostic Status Word at
which the data transfer is to begin. The only valid target memory address is 0000H. All
5 words (10 bytes) must be read or written.
Valid
Range
Series One
0000H
See the section, Diagnostic
Series One
0000H
Junior
Series One Plus
0000H
Series Three
0000H
Status Words, in Chapter 5 for the definition of each word.
GEK-90477
Serial
Interface
Protocol
6-16
HEADER AND TEXT DATA BLOCK RESPONSE
The header and text data blocks are responded to with an acknowledge (ACK) or negative
a c k n o w l e d g e (NAK). A n A C K m e a n s t h a t the h e a d e r o r t e x t w a s a c c e p t a b l e a n d g r a n t s
permission to the sending device to start sending the next data block.
A NAK means that the header or text was not acceptable and asks for a retransmission of
the header or data. The unacceptable header or text is retried three times.
MESSAGE
TERMINATION
A f t e r t h e A C K t o t h e f i n a l t e x t data b l o c k h a s b e e n r e c e i v e d . t h e d e v i c e r e c e i v i n g t h e
A C K s e n d s a n E n d - O f - T r a n s m i s s i o n (EOT) c h a r a c t e r t o c l o s e t h e s e r i a l l i n k . T h e m a s t e r
always terminates the link with an EOT.
TIMING CONSIDERATIONS
Serial
Link
Time-Outs
A time-out occurs on a serial link when the DCU or DCM does not receive a response. a
header, or data from another device within a fixed amount of time. Time-outs are used
on the serial link for error detection, error recovery, and to prevent missing end-of-block
sequences.
Whenever a serial link time-out occurs, the DCU or DCM will abort the
conversation and send an EOT to the other device. A f t e r a n E O T , a n e w e n q u i r y s e q u e n c e
must be sent to restore communications. Refer to Table 6.2 for time-outs at any point in
the serial protocol.
Turn-Around Delays
Turn-around delay options of 0 to 10 ms for the DCU or DCM can be selected by DIP
switch.
A 10-ms t u r n -a r o u n d delay s h o u l d b e selected w h e n u s i n g m o d e m s i n t h e
half-duplex mode of operation or when using full-duplex modems in multidrop
configurations.
This delay allows a computer or Series Six the time needed to signal the
modem to turn on and ringing on the tine to stop before actual transmission of data.
T h e D C U o r DCM w i l l d e l a y 1 0 m s b e f o r e s e n d i n g a control c h a r a c t e r , t h e s t a r t o f
header, or the start of a text data block.
When the 10 ms turn-around delay is selected, the time is automatically added to the
serial time-outs in Table 6.2.
GEK-90477
Serial
COMMUNICATION
Interface
6-18
Protocol
ERRORS
Serial Link communication errors are divided into four groups:
1.
2.
3.
4.
lnvalid Header
Invalid Data
Invalid NAK, ACK or EOT
Serial Link Time Outs
The different errors are outlined in the following four sections:
NOTE
If you e x p e r i e n c e c o m m u n i c a t i o n e r r o r s , r e t r i e v e t h e D i a g n o s t i c
Status Words for troubleshooting information For the format of
the diagnostic status words, see the section, Diagnostic Status
Words, in Chapter 5.
Invalid Header
The following errors cause the header to be invalid and therefore NAK’ed
device.
by the target
Incorrect LRC (header checksum).
N o SOH.
No ETB.
Parity, overrun, or framing error.
Invalid unit ID number (does not match resident unit ID number).
lnvalid memory type.
Attempted to access Series One Plus memory which is password protected.
Invalid header character (not O-9, A-F).
Invalid address for specified memory address (see description of memory types).
Number of complete blocks and number of bytes in last block both = 0
Number of bytes in last block not even when the memory type is 1, 6, 7, or 9.
Reading from or writing to discrete l/O while the CPU is in Stop/Prog mode.
Writing to PC type in the scratch pad.
Writing to user logic while the CPU is in Run mode.
Writing a partial instruction to user logic.
Reading timer/counter references in Stop/Prog mode.
Writing to timer/counter references in Stop/Prog mode or Run mode.*
Reading timer/counter references in Stop/Prog mode.*
* Invalid but does not get NAK’ed.
The header is retried a maximum of three times. If the DCU or DCM is connected to the
Series Six CCM and the header still has one of the errors listed, the CCM will abort the
session and send and EOT to the DCU or DCM. The DCU or DCM then waits for an ENQ
to start a new session.
GEK-90477
Serial
Interface
6-19
Protocol
.
Invalid Data
If any of the foll o w ing e r r o r s o c c u r .
header.
t h e same procedure is followed as for an invalid
c
- Incorrect LRC (checksum)
- No STX
- No ETB or ETX
Note: ETX must occur in last block only
- Parity, Overrun, or Framing Error
Invalid N A K , A C K , o r EOT
If the DCU or DCM is expecting one of these control characters and a character is
received that is not one of these, the DCU or DCM aborts the session and sends an EOT
to the other device.
Serial L i n k T i m e O u t
I f a t a n y t i m e d u r i n g t h e c o n v e r s a t i o n t h e DCU o r DCM t i m e s o u t w a i t i n g f o r t h e o t h e r
device. the conversation is aborted and an EOT is sent to the other device.
ACCESSING THE CPU SCRATCH PAD
There are only 2 fields within the Series One, Series One Junior, or Series Three CPU
Scratch Pad that can be accessed: the CPU RUN/STOP field and the PC Type field. The
S e r i e s O n e Plus C P U S c r a t c h P a d c o n t a i n s m o r e f i e l d s w h i c h a r e d i s c u s s e d i n t h e
following sections.
The RUN/STOP field can be written to or read from using Memory Type 6 and starting
address 0 with a length of 2 bytes only.
- T o p u t t h e C P U i n R u n m o d e , write 0101H to address 0000H and 0001H in the
Scratch Pad.
- T o p u t t h e C P U i n S t o p m o d e , w r i t e 8080H t o a d d r e s s 0 0 0 0 H a n d 0001H in the
Scratch Pad.
These numbers (0101H and 808OH) also indicate the CPU mode when this field is read.
T h e P C T y p e c a n o n l y b e r e a d u s i n g m e m o r y t y p e 6 a n d s t a r t i n g a d d r e s s 0016H w i t h a
length of 2 bytes only. This field indicates whether the CPU is a Series One, Series One
Junior, Series One Plus, or Series Three CPU.
-
Series
Series
Series
Series
One CPU = 0101H.
One Junior CPU = 0202H
One Plus CPU = 0303H
Three CPU = 0707H
I-i
GEK-90477 Index
INDEX
Accessing the CPU Scratch Pad, 5-44,
5-45, 5-46, 5-47, 5-48, 6-19
ACK, 6-2
Asynchronous Data Format, 6-1
Cable Selection, 4-2
Cables,
DCU or DCM to Workmaster through
the Interface Adapter, 4-11
DCU or DCM to Workmaster Directly
through the RS-422 Port, 4-12
Mul tidrop Modem Configuration, 4-10
Multidrop RS-422 Cable, 4-Wire, 4-5
Multidrop RS-422 Cable, 2-Wire, 4-7
Point-to-Point DCU or DCM to Series
Six CCM or Host Computer, 4-5
Point-to-Point Modem Configuration,
4-9
Cables, GE Catalog Numbers, 4-3
Capabilities of DCU and DCM, 1-1
Change Password, 5-20, 5-31
Check Program Error Code, 5-20, 5-32
Clear Target Diagnostic Status Words,
5-20, 5 - 4 9
Commands, Series Six SCREQ, 5-2
06100, 06200 No Op 5-2
06101, 06201 Read from Target to
Source Register Table, 5-2
06102, 06202 Read from Target to
Source lnput Table, 5-2
06103, 06203 Read from Target to
Source Output Table, 5-2
06111, 06211 Write to Target from
Source Register Table, 5-2
06112, 06212 Write to Target from
Source Input Table, 5-2
06113, 06213 Write to Target from
Source Output Table, 5-2
Command Numbers, 5-2
Command Target Run/Program mode,
5-20, 5-46
Communication Errors, 6-18
Communications Port Configuration DIP
Switches (DCU), 2-6
Communications Port Configuration DIP
Switches (DCM), 3-7
Communications Connector (DCU), 2-3
Communications Connector (DCM), 3-3
Configuration Switches (DCU), 2-4
Configuration Switches `
3-4
Configuring the DCU Communications
Port, 2-6
Configuring the DCM Communications
Port, 3-7
Control Character Coding, 6-2
Data Flow Direction and Memory
Type, 6-12
Data Length, 5-12
Data Rate Selection (DCU), 2-6
Data Rate Selection (DCM), 3-7
DCM Configuration SW itches, 3-4
DCU Configuration SW itches, 2-4
DCU ID DIP Switches, 2-5
DCM ID DIP Switches, 3-6
DCU or DCM ID Number, 6-12
Description and Operation of User
I n t e r f a c e s (DCU), 2 - 1
Description and Operation of User
I n t e r f a c e s (DCM), 3 - 1
Diagnostic Status Words, 5-16,
5-48, 5 - 4 9
Discrete I/O, 5-3, 6-13,
Electrical Interface Circuits, 4-1
ENQ, 6-2
Enquiry Response Delay, 6-2
EOT, 6-2
Error Checking for Series One Plus,
5-14, 5-15, 6-21
Error Codes, Diagnostic Status
Word 1, 5-16
Error Codes, Series One, Series One
Junior, Series Three, 5-16...19
ETB, 6-2
ETX, 6-2
External Power Supply Connector
(DCM), 3 - 3
External Power Supply Connector
(DCU), 2 - 7
Front Panel Connectors (DCU), 2-3
Front Panel Connectors (DCM), 3-3
Header and Text Data Block
Response, 6-15
Header Block, 6-11
l-ii
GEK-90477 index
INDEX
Installing the DCU, 2-9
Installing the DCM, 3-10
Invalid Data, 6-19
lnvalid Header, 6-18
Invalid NAK, ACK, or EOT, 6-18
LED indicators (DCU), 2-2
LED Indicators (DCM), 3-2
Limitations of Data Transfers for the
Series One and Series One Junior,
5-12
Logging-ln on the Series One Plus,
5-14, 5-20, 5 - 3 0 , 6 - 2 0
Loop-Back Diagnostics, 4-12
Loop-Back Test Selection (DCU), 2-6
Loop-Back Test Selection (DCM), 3-7
Mapping Series One Junior References
to Target Addresses, 5-6
Mapping Series One Plus References
to Target Addresses, 5-7
Mapping Series One References to
Target Addresses, 5-5
Mapping Series Three References to
Target Addresses, 5-9
Master-Slave Normal Sequence Flow
Charts, 6-6
Master-Slave Protocol, 6-1
Mating Connector for the
Communications Port, 4-2
Message Termination, 6-16
Message Transfers, 6-11
Modem Configuration Cable Diagrams,
4-8
Multidrop Configurations, 1-3
NAK, 6-2
Normal Response, Slave, 6-5
Normal Sequence Protocol Format, 6-3
Normal Sequence, Master, 6-5
Normal Sequence, Master-Slave, 6-3
Number of Bytes in Incomplete Last
Block, 6-14
Number of Complete Data Blocks to
follow Header, 6-14
On/Off Line
On/Off Line
On/Off Line
On/Off Line
Switch
Switch
Switch
Switch
(DCU),
(DCM),
(DCU),
(DCM),
2 - 4 , 2-10
3-4
2-4, 2-10
3-4
Parity Selection (DCU), 2-6
Parity Selection (DCM), 3-7
Password for Series One Plus, 5-14,
5-15, 6-20
Point-to-Point Configuration, 1-2
Port Characteristics, 4-1
Power Cycle Conditions ( D C U ) ,
2-10
Power Cycle Conditions (DCM), 3-17
Power Supply Select Switch (DCU),
2-7
Power Supply Select Switch (DCM),
3-8
Power-Up Diagnost ics, 4-12
Power-Up Mode Selection (DCU),
2-6, 2-10
Programmer Connector (DCU), 2-3
Read Data Blocks, Master or Slave,
6-10
Read from Target Timers and
Counters, 5-20, 5-21, 5-37
Read from Target Data Registers,
5-20, 5-26, 5-35
Read from Target I/O, 5-20, 5-22,
5-40
Read from Target User Memory, 5-20,
5-24, 5-42
Read PC Type, 5-20, 5-44
Read Target Diagnostic Status
Words, 5-20, 5-49
Read Target Run/Program Mode,
5-20, 5-45
RS-422 Link Connector, 4-6
Scratch Pad, 5-4, 6-13, 6-19
SCREQ Command Examples, 5-20
Change Password, 5-20, 5-31
Check Program Error Code, 5-20,
5-32
Clear Target Diagnostic Status
Words, 5-20, 5-49
Command Target Run/Program mode,
5-20, 5-46
Logging-In with the Password,
5-20, 5-30
Read from Target Timers and
Counters, 5-20, 5-21, 5-37
Read PC Type, 5-20, 5-44
Read from Target Data Registers,
5-20, 5-26, 5-35
Read Target Diagnostic Status
Words, 5-20, 5-48
i-iii
GEK-90477 Index
INDEX
SCREQ Command Examples (cont.)
Read from Target l/O, 5-20, 5-22,
5-40
Read from Target Run/Program Mode,
5-20, 5 - 4 5
Read from Target User Memory, 5-20,
5-24, 5-42
Write to Target Data Registers,
Target Memory Address, 6-12, 5-3
Target Memory Type, 5-3
Terminating Resistors, 4-4
Timing Consideratons, 6-16
Turn-Around Delay Selection (DCU),
2-6
Turn-Around
3-7
Delay
Selection (DCM),
T u r n - A r o u n d D e l a y s , 6-16
5-20,5-27, 5-36
Write to Target I/O, 5-20, 5-23,
5-41
Write to Target Timers and
Counters, 5-20, 5-28, 5-38
Write to Target User Memory, 5-20,
5-25, 5-43
Units of Load (Series One/Junior),
2-8
SCREQ Registers, 5-2
Serial Link Time Out, 6-16, 6-17
Series Three CPU Connector (DCM), 3-3
SOH,6-2
Source ID Number, 6-14
Source Memory Address, 5-13
STX, 6-2
System Configurations, 1-2
Test Diagnost ics 4-12
Text Data Block, 6-15
Timer/Counter Accumulators, 5-3,
6-13
Target ID, 6-12
Units of Load (Series Three), 3-9
User Memory, 5-4, 6-13
Using the DCU with CPU Rack Power
(DCU), 2 - 7
Using the DCM with CPU Rack Power
(DCU), 3 - 8
Workmaster to DCU or DCM Cable
Diagrams, 4-11
Write Data Blocks, Master or Slave,
6-10
Write to Target Data Registers,
5-20, 5-27,5-36
Write to Target t/O. 5-20, 5-23,
5-41
Write to Target Timers and
Counters, 5-20, 5-28, 5-38
Write to Target User Memory, 5-20,
5-25, 5-43
AUTOMATION
CONTROLS
OPERATIONS,
GENERAL
ELECTRIC
COMPANY,
CHARLOTTESVILLE,
VIRGINIA..
.
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