Creative UP-7000 Patient Monitor User Manual

Creative UP-7000 Patient Monitor User Manual
Patient Monitor
UP-7000
User Manual
User Manual for Patient Monitor
This Manual is written and compiled in accordance with the IEC 60601-1(Medical electrical equipment Part1:
General requirements for safety), and MDD 93/42/EEC.It complies with both international and enterprise
standards and is also approved by state Technological Supervision Bureau. The Manual is written for the current
UP-7000 Patient Monitor.
The Manual describes, in accordance with the UP-7000 Patient Monitor’s features and requirements, main
structure, functions, specifications, correct methods for transportation, installation, usage, operation, repair,
maintenance and storage, etc. as well as the safety procedures to protect both the user and equipment. Refer to the
respective chapters for details.
No part of this manual may be photocopied, reproduced or translated into another language without the prior
written consent. Shenzhen Creative Industry Co., Ltd. reserves the right to improve and amend it at any time
without prior notice. Amendments will however be published in a new edition of this manual.
Version of This Manual: Ver 1.1
Revised Date: October 9, 2011
All rights reserved.
Marks in the Manual:
 Warning: must be followed to avoid endangering the operator and the patient.
☞ Note: some important information and tips about operations and application.

Attention: must be followed to avoid causing damage to the monitor.
3502-2510001
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Instructions to User
Dear Users,
Thank you very much for purchasing our product. Please read the following information very
carefully before using this equipment.
Read these instructions carefully before using this monitor. These instructions describe the
operating procedures to be followed strictly. Failure to follow these instructions can cause
monitoring abnormity, equipment damage and personal injury. The manufacturer is NOT
responsible for the safety, reliability and performance issues and any monitoring abnormality,
personal injury and equipment damage due to user’s negligence of the operation instructions.
The manufacturer’s warranty service does not cover such faults.
 WARNING-PACEMAKER PATIENTS. Rate meters may continue to count the pacemaker
rate during occurrences of cardiac arrest or some arrhythmias. Do not rely entirely upon
rate meter ALARMS. Keep pacemaker patients under close surveillance. See this manual
for disclosure of the pacemaker pulse rejection capability of this instrument.
 Monitoring a single person at a time.
 The monitor is defibrillator proof. Verify that the accessories can function safely and
normally and the monitor is grounded properly before conducting defibrillation.
 Disconnect the monitor and sensors before MRI cursorning. Use during MRI could cause
burns or adversely affect the MRI image or the monitor’s accuracy.
 If you have any doubt to the grounding layout and its performance, you must use the
built-in battery to power the monitor.
 All combinations of equipment must be in compliance with IEC standard 60601-1-1systems
requirement
 Check SpO2 probe application site periodically (every 30 minutes) to determine circulation,
positioning and skin sensitivity.
 The SpO2 measurement of this monitor may not work for all testees. If stable readings can
not be obtained at any time, discontinue to use.
 Do not immerse the monitor or its accessories in liquid to clean.
 Do not use accessories other than those provided/recommended by the manufacturer.
 Each time the monitor is used, check the alarm limits to ensure that they are appropriate
for the patient being monitored.
 The monitor is intended only as an adjunct in patient assessment. It must be used in
conjunction with clinical signs and symptoms.
 When taking the measure of a pediatric or neonate’s (less than 10 years old) blood pressure,
do NOT operate in the adult mode. The high inflation pressure may cause lesion or even
body putrescence.
 The monitor is prohibited from applying to those who have severe hemorrhagic tendency
or who are with sickle cell disease for they may develop partial bleeding when this monitor
is used to take the blood pressure measurement.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
 DO NOT take blood pressure measurement from a limb receiving ongoing transfusion or
intubations or skin lesion area, otherwise, damages may be caused to the limb.
 Continuous use of SpO2 sensor may result in discomfort or pain, especially for those with
microcirculatory problem. It is recommended that the sensor should NOT be applied to the
same place for over two hours, change the measuring site periodically if necessary.
 SpO2 measuring position must be examined more carefully for some special patient. Do
NOT install the SpO2 sensor on the finger with edema or vulnerable tissue.
 To prevent the risk of the short circuit and to ensure the ECG signal quality, the equipment
must be properly grounded.
 Although biocompatibility tests have been performed on all the applied parts, some
exceptional allergic patients may still have anaphylaxis. Do NOT apply to those who have
anaphylaxis.
 All the connecting cables and rubber tubes of the applying parts should be kept away from
the patient’ s cervix to prevent any possible suffocation of the patient.
 All the parts of the monitor should NOT be replaced at will. If necessary, please use the
components provided by the manufacturer or those that are of the same model and
standards as the accessories along with the monitor which are provided by the same
factory, otherwise, negative effects concerning safety and biocompatibility etc. may be
caused.
 DO NOT stare at the infrared light of SpO2 sensor when switch it on, for the infrared may
do harm to the eye.
 If the monitor falls off accidentally, please do NOT operate it before its safety and technical
indexes have been tested minutely and positive testing results obtained.
 It is recommended to take the blood pressure measurement manually. The automatic or
continuous mode should be used at the presence of a doctor/nurse.
 Reuse, disassembly, cleaning, disinfecting or sterilizing the single patient use CO2 cannula
kits and on-airway adapters may compromise functionality and system performance
leading to a user or patient hazard. Performance is not guaranteed if an item labeled as
single patient use is reused.
 Electrical Shock Hazard: Always disconnect the CO2 Sensor before cleaning. Do NOT use
if it appears to have been damaged. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel.
 Electrical Shock Hazard; No user serviceable parts inside the CO2 Sensor.
 After the life cycle of the Sidestream CO2 Sensor and its accessories has been met, disposal
should be accomplished following national and/or local requirements.
 Please peruse the relative content about the clinical restrictions and contraindication.
 When disposing of the monitor and its accessories, the local law should be followed.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 OVERVIEW................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 Features .............................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Product Name and Model .................................................................................................................................. 1
1.3 Applications and Scope...................................................................................................................................... 2
1.4 Operating Environment ..................................................................................................................................... 2
1.5 Impact on Environment and Resources ............................................................................................................. 2
1.6 Safety ................................................................................................................................................................. 2
CHAPTER 2 WORKING THEORIES OF THE MAIN UNIT ...................................................... 3
2.1 Composition....................................................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 Overall structure and Working Theories ............................................................................................................ 3
CHAPTER 3 INSTALLATION AND CONNECTION ................................................................... 4
3.1 Installation ......................................................................................................................................................... 4
3.1.1 Opening the Box and Check ....................................................................................................................................................4
3.1.2 Connecting the AC Power Cable .............................................................................................................................................4
3.1.3 Starting the Monitor ................................................................................................................................................................4
3.2 Appearance ........................................................................................................................................................ 5
3.2.1 Front Panel ..............................................................................................................................................................................5
3.2.2 Left and Right Panel ................................................................................................................................................................6
3.2.3 Rear Panel ...............................................................................................................................................................................7
3.3 Connection ......................................................................................................................................................... 8
3.3.1 ECG Connection......................................................................................................................................................................8
3.3.2 Blood Pressure Cuff Connection ........................................................................................................................................... 10
3.3.3 SpO2 Probe Connection ......................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.3.4 TEMP Probe Connection ....................................................................................................................................................... 14
3.3.5 Loading Printing Paper .......................................................................................................................................................... 14
CHAPTER 4 MONITORING SCREEN......................................................................................... 15
4.1 Main Screen ..................................................................................................................................................... 15
4.1.1 Date and Time Setup ............................................................................................................................................................. 15
4.1.2 Screen Description ................................................................................................................................................................ 16
4.2 Display 2 Screen .............................................................................................................................................. 19
4.2.1 Viewing Screen...................................................................................................................................................................... 19
4.2.2 Seven ECG Waveforms on the Same Screen ......................................................................................................................... 20
4.2.3 Operating Instructions ........................................................................................................................................................... 20
4.3 Freeze and S-T Analysis Screen ...................................................................................................................... 21
4.3.1 Screen Description ................................................................................................................................................................ 21
4.3.2 Operating Instructions ........................................................................................................................................................... 22
4.4 Mode Selection Screen .................................................................................................................................... 22
4.5 SpO2 Data List Screen ..................................................................................................................................... 23
4.5.1 Screen Description ................................................................................................................................................................ 23
4.6 NIBP Listing Screen ........................................................................................................................................ 23
4.6.1 Screen Description ................................................................................................................................................................ 23
4.6.2 Operating Instructions ........................................................................................................................................................... 24
4.7 Graphic Trend Screen ...................................................................................................................................... 24
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
4.7.1 Screen Description ................................................................................................................................................................ 24
4.7.2 Operating Instructions ........................................................................................................................................................... 28
4.8 Recall Screen ................................................................................................................................................... 28
4.9 ARR Screen ..................................................................................................................................................... 30
4.10 System Setup Screen...................................................................................................................................... 32
4.10.1 Screen Description .............................................................................................................................................................. 32
4.11 Color Settings ................................................................................................................................................ 37
4.12 File/Archive Management Screen ................................................................................................................. 38
CHAPTER 5 CO2 MONITORING ................................................................................................. 39
5.1 CO2 Parameter Settings ................................................................................................................................... 39
5.2 CO2 Sensor Connection ................................................................................................................................... 40
5.2.1 Sidestream CO2 Sensor Connection ...................................................................................................................................... 40
5.2.2 Mainstream CO2 Sensor Connection ..................................................................................................................................... 42
5.3 CO2 Monitoring Screen ................................................................................................................................... 44
5.4 CO2 Graphic Trend .......................................................................................................................................... 45
CHAPTER 6 ALARM ...................................................................................................................... 46
6.1 Alarm Priority .................................................................................................................................................. 46
6.2 Alarm modes .................................................................................................................................................... 47
6.3 Alarm Silence .................................................................................................................................................. 47
6.4 Alarm Setting ................................................................................................................................................... 47
6.5 Verify Adjustable Alarm Function ................................................................................................................... 48
CHAPTER 7 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................... 49
7.1 ECG Monitoring .............................................................................................................................................. 49
7.2 RESP Monitoring............................................................................................................................................. 50
7.3 TEMP Monitoring............................................................................................................................................ 50
7.4 NIBP Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................. 50
7.5 SpO2 Monitoring .............................................................................................................................................. 51
7.6 Pulse Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................. 51
7.7 CO2 Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................... 51
7.8 Data Recording ................................................................................................................................................ 52
7.9 Other Technical Specifications ........................................................................................................................ 52
7.10 Classification ................................................................................................................................................. 52
7.11 Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration-Electromagnetic compatibility .................................................... 53
CHAPTER 8 PACKAGING AND ACCESSORIES ...................................................................... 57
8.1 Packaging......................................................................................................................................................... 57
8.2 Accessories ...................................................................................................................................................... 57
CHAPTER 9 PARAMETERS MONITORING ............................................................................. 58
9.1 ECG Monitoring .............................................................................................................................................. 58
9.1.1 How to Obtain High Quality ECG and Accurate Heart Rate Value ....................................................................................... 58
9.1.2 Factors affecting ECG signal ................................................................................................................................................. 58
9.2 NIBP Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................. 59
9.2.1 Measuring Principle .............................................................................................................................................................. 59
9.2.2 Factors affecting NIBP measuring ......................................................................................................................................... 60
9.2.3 Clinical Limitations ............................................................................................................................................................... 61
9.3 SpO2 Monitoring.............................................................................................................................................. 62
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
9.3.1 Measuring Principle .............................................................................................................................................................. 62
9.3.2 SpO2 Measurement Restrictions (interference reason) .......................................................................................................... 62
9.4 Respiration Monitoring.................................................................................................................................... 63
9.4.1 Measuring Principle .............................................................................................................................................................. 63
9.4.2 Factors affecting respiration monitoring................................................................................................................................ 63
9.5 Temperature Monitoring .................................................................................................................................. 63
9.6 CO2 Monitoring ............................................................................................................................................... 64
9.6.1 Measuring Principle .............................................................................................................................................................. 64
9.6.2 Mainstream vs. Sidestream Sampling.................................................................................................................................... 64
CHAPTER 10 TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................................................... 65
10.1 No Display on the Screen .............................................................................................................................. 65
10.2 Excessive ECG Signal Interference or too Thick Baseline ............................................................................ 65
10.3 No Blood Pressure and Pulse Oxygen Measures ........................................................................................... 65
10.4 System Alarm ................................................................................................................................................ 65
CHAPTER 11 MAINTENANCE ..................................................................................................... 66
11.1 Service and Examination ............................................................................................................................... 66
11.1.1 Daily Examination ............................................................................................................................................................... 66
11.1.2 Routine Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................................... 66
11.2 Battery Maintenance ...................................................................................................................................... 66
11.3 Cleaning, Sterilization and Disinfection ........................................................................................................ 67
11.4 Cleaning, Sterilization and Disinfection of Accessories ................................................................................ 68
11.5 Storage ........................................................................................................................................................... 68
11.6 Transportation ................................................................................................................................................ 68
CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX............................................................................................................... 69
12.1 Alarm Information ......................................................................................................................................... 69
12.2 Default Alarming Values and Setup Range .................................................................................................... 70
12.3 Abbreviation of Arrhythmia ........................................................................................................................... 72
12.4 Status/Error during NIBP Monitoring............................................................................................................ 73
12.5 Status/Error during CO2 Monitoring.............................................................................................................. 74
12.6 Typical Pressures and CO2 Readings at Altitudes .......................................................................................... 75
12.7 Accessories List ............................................................................................................................................. 76
12.8 Instructions for SpO2 Probe ........................................................................................................................... 77
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 1 Overview
1.1 Features
This monitoring system may be used to monitor patient’s 6 physiological parameters: ECG, respiratory rate, body
temperature, non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP), pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2), and pulse rate.
 12.1 ″ high-resolution (800 × 600) color LCD to display patient’s ECG waveform,
respiratory waveform and SpO2 waveform;
 Multiple interface monitoring, which enables simultaneous monitoring of several ECG
waveforms;
 Real-time monitoring of battery capacity, when the battery power is insufficient, low battery
voltage alarm indication will display on LCD screen.
 Automatic analysis of 20 arrhythmia waveforms and ARR, waveform freezing function and
automatic S-T segment measurement and manual analysis;
 Up to 480 hours statistic data of HR, TEMP, SpO2, RESP and NIBP trends with
6/24/120/480 trend graph analysis function;
 100 groups of arrhythmia cases’ data and the corresponding lead, gain and filter mode of
ECG;
 storage and recall of a list of 800 groups of NIBP measurement data, as well as heart rate,
body temperature, respiratory rate and SpO2/pulse rate when the measure of blood pressure
is taken;
 24 hours of ECG data storage and recall;
 High precision NIBP measuring module;
 Special SpO2 measuring device, which ensures the accuracy of SpO2 and pulse rate
measures;
 Visual and audible alarm, recall of alarm events;
 Flexible high and low alarm limits setting function;
 Easy to color-code and change the color of the font, background and waveforms if need to
be;
 Resistance against defibrillator and electrosurgical knife interference, detects and filters the
pacemaker-generated signals, and high safety level;
 Able to be used along with cardiac pacemaker;
 Built-in battery supports up to 2 hours of continuous operation;
 Blood pressure may be measured in the mode of “adult/infant/neonate”, which may be
selected via the menu, to better suit the adult, infant and neonatal patient;
 Built-in printer (optional) to output waveforms and text;
 Dual IBP and CO2 are optional.
 Networking with the central station as a part of the central network;
1.2 Product Name and Model
Name: Patient Monitor
Model: UP-7000
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
1.3 Applications and Scope
This Patient Monitor is a multi-functional instrument designed for monitoring the vital physiological signs of
adult and pediatric patients. With the functions of real-time recording and displaying parameters, such as ECG,
heart rate, non-invasive blood pressure, functional oxygen saturation, end-tidal CO2 concentration, respiration rate,
body temperature, and so on, it allows comprehensive analysis of patient’s physiological conditions.
This instrument is applicable for use in hospitals and clinical institutions. The operation should be performed by
qualified professionals only.
1.4 Operating Environment
1. Ambient temperature range:
Relative humidity:
Atmospheric pressure:
Power supply: 100~240VAC
Power frequency: 50/60Hz
5 ℃
~40 ℃
30%~80%
70kPa~106kPa
2. This apparatus should be situated in a place protected against direct sunlight, so as to prevent too high
temperature inside it.
3. Do not use this apparatus in an environment with toxic or inflammable gas.
4. This apparatus should be fixed on a stand, so as to prevent possible shock.
5. Do not use this apparatus in combination with any equipment other than those expressly permitted in
these instructions.
6. When using this device with electrosurgical equipment, the user (doctor or nurse) should pay attention
to the safety of patient.
7. Make sure that the equipotential grounding terminal is grounded correctly.
8. Do not use mobile phone nearby, so as to avoid strong radiant field interference.
1.5 Impact on Environment and Resources
Low
1.6 Safety
a) Conform to IEC60601-1, certified as Class I, with Type BF and CF applied parts.
b) This device can resist against the discharge of defibrillator and the interference of eletro-surgical unit.
c) This device can monitor the patients with pace-maker.
d)
DO NOT use this device while the patient is under MRI scanning.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 2 Working Theories of the Main Unit
2.1 Composition
The monitor consists of the main unit and the corresponding functional components (ECG leads & electrodes,
non-invasive blood pressure cuff, SpO2 probe, temperature transducer, appendix of invasive blood pressure and
side-stream CO2).
2.2 Overall structure and Working Theories
The overall structure of this monitor is shown as Fig.2.1.
This patient monitor, which performs physiological parameter measurement through different modules, is a
product of module design. It consists of six modules: ECG module, NIBP module, SpO2 module, CO2 module
(optional) and the main unit.
1. The ECG module collects the heart rate, respiration waveforms through the ECG leads & electrodes and
collects the temperature data through the temperature probes as well.
2. The SpO2 module collects the data of pulse rate, pulse oxygen saturation (SpO2) and SpO2 volume
waveform via the SpO2 probe.
3. The NIBP module collects the blood pressure data, including the diastolic, systolic and mean arterial
pressure through the NIBP cuff. The cuffs are designed for adult, infant and neonate respectively, and the
NIBP measurement has two modes: adult, infant and neonate.
4. The CO2 module collects the date of respiration rate, EtCO2, InsCO2 through the sampling tube.
5. The main unit consists of main board, multi-function board, and the keyboard. The multi-function board
performs the data communication among the main board, ECG module, SpO2 module, NIBP module, and
CO2 module.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 3 Installation and Connection
3.1 Installation
3.1.1 Opening the Box and Check
1. Open the package, take out the monitor accessories from the box carefully and place it in a safe stable and
easy to watch position.
2. Open the user manual to sort the accessories according to the packing list.


Inspect the accessories for any mechanical damages
Check all the exposed leads and inserted accessories
☞ You can customize the module configuration by choosing necessary modules to meet your own needs.
Therefore, your monitor may not have all the monitoring functions and accessories.
Please contact the local dealer or our company in case of any problems. We will offer the best solution for
your satisfaction.
3.1.2 Connecting the AC Power Cable
1. When powered by AC mains power supply:

Make sure that the AC power supply is 100-240VAC, 50/60Hz.
 Use the power cable prepared by the manufacturer. Insert one end of it to the power port of the
monitor and the other end to the grounded three-phase power jack.
 To eliminate potential differences, the monitor has a separate connection to the equipotential
grounding system. Connect one end of the provided ground cable to equipotential grounding port
on the rear of the monitor, and connect the other end to one point of the equipotential grounding
system.
Caution: ensure that the monitor is grounded correctly.
 After the supply mains has been interrupted when power switch remains in the “on” position and is
restored after a period of time that is longer than 30 seconds, the monitor will run by the last settings
when restarting the monitor.
2. When powered by built-in battery
 Caution: it’s better to recharge the battery after it is used up, and the charging time should be
13~15 hours long.
 The provided battery of the monitor must be recharged after transportation or storage. So if the monitor is
switch on without being connected to the AC power socket, it may not work properly due to insufficient
power supply.
3.1.3 Starting the Monitor
The system performs self-test and enters initial display after switch on the monitor, and the alarm rings to
inform that the user can begin operating it.


Check all the applicable functions to make sure that the monitor works normally.
If the built-in battery is applied, please recharge it after using the monitor to ensure sufficient
power storage. It will take at least 8 hours to charge battery from depletion to 90% charge.
 Do not use the monitor to monitor the patient if there are indications of damage or reminders of error.
Please contact the local dealer or our company.
 Start the monitor again 1 minute later after it is switched off.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
3.2 Appearance
3.2.1 Front Panel
Figure 3.1 Front Panel
1. Power switch: Press it to switch on/ off the monitor.
2. AC power indicator: When AC indicator is on, it means this device is using mains power supply.
3. DC power indicator of built-in battery:
When DC indicator is on, it means the battery is used; when both of AC indicator and DC indicator are on,
it means that this device is using mains power supply and the battery is being recharged.
4.
ECG lead selection: Click it to shift the ECG monitoring circulatory among
AVL, AVF and V.
5.
Alarm silence: Press this key to set or activate the system alarm. In the monitoring screen, press
“Alarm” to set the alarm timer. The time shows up on the upper left corner of the screen. When the
alarm timer is activated, the system begins to count down and alarm when the set time has passed.
There are four options of alarm silent time: 2 minutes, 5 minutes, 10 minutes and 20 minutes.
 DO NOT silence the audible alarm or decrease its volume or
patient safety could be compromised.
6.
Freeze: Press the key to freeze ECG waveform or the waveforms of ECG, SpO2 and RESP for the
S-T segment analysis according to the system setting.
7.
NIBP: Press it to start or stop NIBP measuring.
8.
Print: Click it to print out different waveforms under different system states.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
9.
DISP: Click it to shift the display modes. Press it to shift the main screen, list screen, viewing
screen and the seven leads on the same screen and return to the main screen from other screens.
10. Navigation Knob: It is the major operating key of the system, which can be used to select functions
or parameters. Press and release it to shift the screen and to confirm the function or other operating
tips.
11. Alarm indicator:
Indicator Color
Alarm Level
Alarm Event
Red flashing
High priority alarm
Exceeding the limits, pulse stop or suffocation
Orange flashing
Medium priority alarm
Leads and probe off, VE RONT and SVE RONT
Orange light
Low priority alarm
Other arrhythmia phenomenon
Green light
Normal
3.2.2 Left and Right Panel
Figure 3.2 the left panel
Figure 3.3 the right panel
Different ports are located in different positions of the monitor for operating conveniences.
The built-in printer is at the left panel, shown in Figure 3.2.
The cable and probe ports are at the right panel, shown in Figure 3.3.
1. TEMP1, TEMP2: TEMP probe connector
2.
3.
4.
NIBP: NIBP hose connector
SpO2: SpO2 probe connector
ECG/RESP: ECG cable connector
5.
CO2: Cable connector of CO2 sensor module
6.
: the cover of battery compartment, open it to replace or insert the battery. The provided standard
battery is a piece of 12V and 2.3Ah rechargeable battery. (The back-up rechargeable battery is
optional, and the detailed type of the battery you can see the surface of it.)
Note: Only the battery of same model with the standard battery can be used. Insert battery properly, or
else the improper insertion may damage the monitor.
With type BF applied parts
With type CF applied part and applicable during the defibrillator is used.
Caution! Please read the manual for details.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
3.2.3 Rear Panel
Figure 3.4
Rear panel
The following ports are at the rear panel of the monitor.
(1) Monitor: External display port
(2) NET: Serial communication port which is used to network with central monitoring system
(3)
: Equipotential grounding port
(4) Fuse 2T3. 15A: Fuse holders, fuse specification: T3. 15AL/250V Φ520mm.
(5) 100~240VAC: Power supply socket
(6) S/N: Serial Number
(7) Nameplate
CE mark
Serial number
Date of manufacture
Authorised representative in the European community
Manufacturer (including address)
Disposal of this device according to WEEE regulations
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
3.3 Connection
3.3.1 ECG Connection
ECG measurement is to collect the ECG signal via the ECG electrodes. Electrode connects the patient and the
lead. The lead connects the monitor. The locations of the electrodes are very important for obtaining accurate ECG
signals.
1. Connect the cable to the right-panel connector marked with the ECG icon.
2. Select electrodes to be used. Use only one type of electrode on the same patient to avoid variations in
electrical resistance. For ECG monitoring, it is strongly recommended to use silver/silver chloride
electrodes. When dissimilar metals are used for different electrodes, the electrodes may be subject to large
offset potentials due to polarization. Using dissimilar metals may also increase recovery time after
defibrillation.
3. Prepare the electrode sites according to the electrode manufacture’s instructions.
4. Skin clean

Clean and dry-abrade skin to ensure low sensor impedance. Mild soap and Water is recommended as a
skin cleanser.
Note: Alcohol is not recommended as a skin cleanser; for it leaves a film layer that may cause high
sensor impedance. If alcohol is used, ensure 30-second dry time.

Dry-abrading the skin gently with a dry wash cloth, gauze, for skin preparation is helpful to remove the
non-conductive skin layer.
The symbol indicates that the cable and accessories are designed to have special protection against
electric
shocks, and is defibrillator-proof.
The locations of the electrode are in the following Figure:
Figure 3.5 Electrode Location
Note: If skin rash or other unusual symptoms develop, remove electrodes from patient.
5. After starting the monitor, if the electrodes become loose or disconnected during monitoring, the system
will display “LEAD OFF” on the screen to alarm the operator.

It might not display ECG wave with 3 leads. The 5 leads should be used to have ECG wave.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
6. The ECG leads and their corresponding locations are as follows:
Symbol
RA
LA
LL
RL
C (V)
Chest
electrode
C1(V1)
C2(V2)
C3 (V3)
C4 (V4)
C5 (V5)
C6 (V6)
Position
The intersection between the centerline of the right
clavicle and Rib 2
The intersection between the centerline of the left clavicle
and Rib 2
Left part of the upper abdomen
Right part of the upper abdomen
The electrodes are placed in different places, the different
lead forms will display.
Safety Instructions for ECG Monitoring
 UP-7000 Patient Monitor can only be equipped with ECG leads provided by our company; using ECG
leads supplied by other companies may cause improper performance or poor protection while using
defibrillator.

Electric parts of electrodes, leads and cable are forbidden to contact any other conductive parts
(including ground).
 UP-7000 Patient Monitor can resist against defibrillator and electrosurgical unit. Readings may be
inaccurate for a short time after or during using defibrillator or electrosurgical unit.

Transient caused by cable circuitry blocks while monitoring may be similar to the real heartbeat
waveform, as a result resistance heart rate alarm rings. If you put the electrodes and cable in proper
places according to this manual’s instructions and the instructions for using electrode, the chance of this
transient occurring will be decreased.
 To the patient with pacemaker, due to that this device has been designed to provide resistance to
pacemaker signal interference, generally the pacemaker pulse is not counted in heart rate measurement
and calculation, but when the cycle time of pacemaker pulse is over 2ms, it may be counted. In order to
reduce this possibility, observe the ECG waveforms on the screen carefully and do NOT rely entirely on
the heart rate display and alarm system of this monitor when monitoring this kind of patients. Keep
pacemaker patient under close surveillance.

Besides the improper connection with electrosurgical unit may cause burns, the monitor may be
damaged or arouse deviations of measurement. You can take some steps to avoid this situation, such as
do NOT use small ECG electrodes, choosing the position which is far away from the estimated Hertzian
waves route, using larger electrosurgical return electrodes and connecting with the patient properly.
 No predictable hazard will be caused by the summation of leakage currents when several item of
monitor are interconnected.

ECG leads may be damaged while using defibrillator. If the leads are used again, please do the
functional check first.
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3.3.2 Blood Pressure Cuff Connection
1. Connect the cable to the right-panel connector marked with the NIBP icon.
2. Unveil and wrap the cuff around patient’s upper arm.
Requirements of the cuff:
1) Appropriate cuff should be selected according to the age of the subject. Its width should be 2/3 of the
length of the upper arm. The cuff inflation part should be long enough to permit wrapping 50-80% of the
limb concerned. See the table below for the dimensions:
Note: The size of the cuff selected should suit the subjects while measuring.
Cuff Model
Arm Circumference
Cuff Width
Neonate Cuff
6.0cm~9.5cm
3cm
Small-sized Pediatric Cuff
6cm~11cm
4.5cm
Middle-sized Pediatric Cuff
10cm~19cm
8cm
Large-sized Pediatric Cuff
18cm~26cm
10.6cm
Adult Cuff
25cm~35cm
14cm
2) When putting on the cuff, unveil and wrap it around the upper arm evenly to appropriate tightness.
3) Remember to empty the residual air in the cuff before the measurement is commenced.
4) Locate the cuff in such a way that the “φ” mark is at a location where the clearest pulsation of brachial
artery is observed.
5) The cuff should be tightened to a degree where insertion of one finger is allowed.
6) The lower end of the cuff should be 2cm above the elbow joint.
Figure 3.6 Cuff Position
The symbol indicates that the cable and accessories are designed to have special protection against
electric shocks, and is defibrillator proof.

Pressure Accuracy Verification
Pressure Accuracy Verification is a function to inspect the accuracy of pressure measurement by the NIBP
module inside the device. Technician or equipment manager should do pressure accuracy verification every
half year or year in order to check if the pressure measurement still conforms to the requirement of
product performance. If the deviation is beyond the declared specification, it is permitted to return it to
factory for repair or calibration.
Before verification, please connect the monitor to a standard pressure meter as the reference
equipment like a mercury pressure meter
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Figure 3.7 Connection of Pressure calibration fixture
Mode 1: The inflation can be activated by Monitor so the pressure will increase automatically untill it
exceeds the limit value specified in table A. This pressure limit value depends on the patient type
selection as shown in table A:
Adult
240mmHg
Child
200mmHg
Neonate
120mmHg
Table A
During the inflation, the Monitor will close the deflating valve, and the pressure value will be shown
during the process. If there is no manual deflation operation, the pressure will persist untill deflation by
manual operation, so it is necessary to use a manual valve for doing adequate deflation in several steps
to verify the pressure accuracy in the full scale of measurement range.
Mode 2: No automatic inflation by Monitor during the pressure accuracy verification.
Increase the pressure manually by the pumping balloon, and the verification can be done by applying
different pressure value manually. If the increased pressure exceeds the given limit as shown in table B, the
Monitor will deflate automatically because of over-pressure protection.
Adult
300mmHg
Child
240mmHg
Neonate
140mmHg
Table B
 After the verification, do press the button again to return to normal working mode, then continue
other operation, or the NIBP key will be invalid.
 Pressure accuracy verification must be operated by technician or equipment manager. Doctor or
nurse is not allowed to do the verification, it is very dangerous especially when the pressure cuff
is still on patients.

Air Leakage Check
In order to avoid significant error of blood pressure measurement or even no measurement result caused by
air leakage in the pneumatic system including the cuff during measuring, it is recommended to check if there
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
is leak in the pneumatic system as well.

Please remove the cuff from patient while performing the leakage check.
Safety Instructions for NIBP Measurement
 When taking the measure of an infant or neonate’s (less than 10 years old) blood pressure, do
NOT operate in the adult mode. The high inflation pressure may cause lesion or even body
putrescence.
 It is recommended to take the blood pressure measurement manually. Automatic or continuous
measurement should be used at the presence of a doctor/nurse.
 NIBP monitoring is prohibited to those who have severe hemorrhagic tendency or with sickle
cell disease, or partial bleeding will appear.
 Do NOT bind NIBP cuff on limbs with transfusion tube or intubations or skin lesion area,
otherwise, damages may be caused to the limbs.
 Pay attention to the color and sensitivity of the limb when measuring NIBP; make sure the
blood circulation is not blocked. If blocked, the limb will discolor, please stop measuring or
remove the cuff to other positions. Doctor should examine this timely.
 The time of the automatic pattern noninvasive blood pressure measurement pull too long, then
the body connected with the cuff possibly have the purpura, lack the blood and the neuralgia.
When guarding patient, must inspect the luster, the warmth and the sensitivity of the body
far-end frequently. Once observes any exception, please immediately stop the blood pressure
measurement.
 The subject should lie on the back so that the cuff and the heart are in a horizontal position and
the most accurate measure is taken. Other postures may lead to inaccurate measurement.
 Do not speak or move before or during the measurement. Care should be taken so that the cuff
will not be hit or touched by other objects.
 The measurements should be taken at appropriate intervals. Continuous measurement at too
short intervals may lead to pressed arm, reduced blood flow and lower blood pressure, and
resulting inaccurate measure of blood pressure. It is recommended the measure be taken at
intervals of more than two minutes.
 When an adult subject is monitored, the machine may fail in giving the blood pressure measure
if the infant mode is selected.
 Prior to use of the cuff, empty the cuff until there is no residual air inside it to ensure accurate
measurement.
 Do NOT twist the cuff tube or put heavy things on it.
 When unplugging the cuff, hold the head of the connector and pull it out.
The symbol indicates that the cable and accessories are designed to have special protection against
electric shocks, and is defibrillator proof.
3.3.3 SpO2 Probe Connection
SpO2 probe is very delicate equipment. Please follow the steps and procedures in operating it. Failure to operate it
correctly can cause damage to the SpO2 probe.
Operation procedure:
1. Connect the SpO2 probe to the right panel’s jack labeled “SpO2”. When unplugging the probe, be
sure to hold the head of the connector and pull it out.
2.
Insert one finger into the probe (index finger, middle finger or ring finger with proper nail length)
according to the finger mark on the probe, shown as below.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Figure 3.7 Demonstration of SpO2 Probe
When selecting a sensor, do consider the patient’s category, adequacy of perfusion, availability of probe site and
anticipated monitoring duration. Use only SpO2 probes provided by our company with this monitor. Read the
following table for SpO2 probe information. Refer to Chapter 12.8 for the detailed instructions of each SpO2 probe.
SpO2 Probe
Patient Category
SpO2 Finger clip Sensor (reusable)
Pediatric
SpO2 Finger rubber Sensor(reusable)
Adult
SpO2 Finger clip Sensor(reusable)
Adult
High ambient light sources such as surgical lights (especially those with a xenon light source), bilirubin lamps,
fluorescent lights, infrared heating lamps, and direct sunlight can interfere with the performance of an SpO2 sensor.
To prevent interference from ambient light, ensure that the sensor is properly applied, and cover the sensor site
with opaque material.
Failure to take this action in high ambient light conditions may result in inaccurate measurements.
If patient movement presents a problem, verify that the sensor is properly and securely applied; move the sensor
to a less active site; use an adhesive sensor that tolerates some patient motion; or use a new sensor with fresh
adhesive backing.
For reusable sensors, follow the sensor directions for use for cleaning and reuse. For single-patient use sensors,
use a new sensor for each patient. Do not sterilize any sensor by irradiation, steam, or ethylene oxide.
Safety Introductions for SpO2 Monitoring
 Continuous use of fingertip SpO2 sensor may result in discomfort or pain,
especially for those patients with microcirculatory problem. It is recommended that
the sensor should NOT be applied to the same finger for over two hours, change
the measuring site periodically if necessary.
 SpO2 measuring position must be examined more carefully for some special patient.
Do NOT install the SpO2 sensor on the finger with edema or fragile tissue.
 Do NOT put the SpO2 sensor and pressure cuff on the same limb, otherwise the
NIBP measuring will affect SpO2 measuring and cause the alarm error.

If sterile packaging of SpO2 sensor is damaged, do not use it any more.
 Check the SpO2 sensor and cable before use. Do NOT use the damaged SpO2 sensor.
 When the temperature of SpO2 sensor is abnormal, do not use it any more.
 Please do not allow the cable to be twisted or bended.
 Please do not use nail polisher or other cosmetic product on the nail.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
 The fingernail should be of normal length.
 The SpO2 sensor can not be immerged into water, liquor or cleanser completely, because the sensor has
no capability of waterproofness.
3.3.4 TEMP Probe Connection
Patient Monitor has two TEMP probes to measure different body temperature.
Connecting methods:
1. Attach the probes to the patient firmly;
2. Connect them to “TEMP” on the right panel.
Note: When unplugging the probe, be sure to hold the head of the connector and pull it out.
3.3.5 Loading Printing Paper
This description is for loading paper for the built-in printer.
Operation procedures:
1. Press both “OPEN” notches with force on printer shield with two thumbs to open it.
2. Move the tab of rubber roller lock at the left 90°upwards to unlock it.
3. Cut one end of the paper into triangle, and load the paper from the underside of the rubber roller.
4. Turn the roller clockwise to get the paper rolled, and put the paper roll into the compartment.
5. Pull the paper out of paper slot on the shield.
6. Move the tab of the rubber roller lock 90° downwards to lock it.
7. Put the shield back in position and secure it.
Unloading printing paper
1. Press both “OPEN” notches vertically with force on printer shield with two fingers to open it.
2. Move the tab of roller lock at the left 90° upwards to unlock it.
3. Roll the loading roller anti-clockwise and pull the paper out.
4. Roll the loading roller clockwise to get the paper rolled, and put it into the compartment.
5. Pull the paper out of paper slot on the shield.
Fig.3.8
Fig.3.9
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 4 Monitoring Screen
4.1 Main Screen
4.1.1 Date and Time Setup
Instead of entering into monitoring screen, it shows the date and time setting screen immediately after the monitor
is started, shown in Figure 4.1:
Figure 4.1 Date and Time Setup
The system will stay on this screen for 10 seconds. If you do not rotate the navigation knob within this period, the
screen will enter into the Main Screen.
Follow the steps below to set date and time.
step 1: Rotate Navigation Knob, move the gray cursor to “Edit”.
step 2: Press the knob, and then “Edit” turns into “Save”. The gray cursor stays on the Year of the date. Press
the knob again and the gray cursor becomes highlighted. Rotate the knob left or right to increase or
decrease the year value.
step 3: When the Year is set, press the knob to move the gray cursor to the Month of the date.
step 4: Repeat step 2 and step3 to adjust the Year, Month, Date, Hour and Minute.
step 5: If you have finished adjusting the date and time, press the knob and rotate the knob to move the
cursor to “Save”. Press it to save the settings and exit the date and time setting screen, meanwhile
enter into the main screen shown in Figure 4.2. If you press “Exit”, the settings will not be saved.
The system is initialized and enters into Main Screen where monitoring and system operation are performed. (as
shown in Figure 4.2).
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4.1.2 Screen Description
Figure 4.2
Main screen
Border area

shows the alarm is ON,
and
shows the alarm is in alarm silence status, the
“Alarm
”:
alarm will be activated automatically after the system finishes counting down. Note: the screen
indicates the alarm mute is a closed state when the system volume sets to" 0" and
lights red, so
the alarm mute setting is invalid.

“ADUL”: The type of the monitor subject. There are three modes available: “Adult”, “infant” and
“Neonate”.

“MON”: ECG Filter type. There are “Diagnosis”, “Monitor”, and “Operation” three types. The
option can be set in the system menu.

: battery power indicator; When the indicator is yellow and displays only one “grid”, it
means there is a little battery power left. When the indicator turns red and blinks, as well as less
than one “grid” displays, the system alarm will be on to remind the battery shortage. Please connect
the device to the mains power supply in time to ensure the normal use of monitor, and the battery
will be recharged. When the battery power is full, battery power indicator displays full grid. During
recharging, the grids in the battery indicator are rolling circularly. (Note: This function is optional,
and needs hardware support.)
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User Manual for Patient Monitor

“2011-08-06 10:34:54”: System current time and date. The system time and date can be set during
the system start-up when the screen displays the time and data setups. The current figure shows the
time and date is August 6th, 10:34:54, 2011.

“Display is unfrozen”: System prompt or description for the current status.

“ID”: The patient ID. The patient ID can be entered or changed in the archive management
window.
Waveform area

1st Waveform: The first waveform is ECG waveform for lead II. The left side of the ECG shows the
sign I, which indicates the ECG scale. The scale sign changes its length according to the ECG gains.
All ECG waveforms have their own scale. When the third measured waveform change to lead II,
the first waveform will automatically change to lead I.

2nd Waveform: The second waveform is for the ECG waveform of lead III. When the third
measured waveform displays the ECG for the lead III, this waveform automatically changes to the
ECG for lead I.

3rd waveform: The third waveform is the measurable ECG channel. Its lead can be adjusted and will
not repeat the 1st and 2nd waveforms.

4th waveform: SpO2 waveform.

5th waveform: Respiration waveform.

6th: NIBP list, the last 5 NIBP list will be displayed in this area.
Data area:
Figure 4.3 Heart rate area

“HR”: The currently displayed heart rate. The 62 on the right side is the heart rate measured.


“bpm”: The heart rate unit. bpm = beat per minute.
“ ”: The heart beating symbol. Its flashing corresponds to the R wave of the ECG waveform. The
speed is the same with the heart rate.
“S-T+0.019mv”: The measured mili-volts value during S-T measurement.
“X1”: ECG waveform gain (amplification), 3 or 5 leadwire options available
“Auto”: Automatic waveform gain.
“x1/2” half size of the basic waveform


“x1”
Basic waveform
“x2”
Twice the size of the basic waveform
“x4”
Four times the size of the basic waveform
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Figure 4.4
Blood pressure data area

“NIBP”: The blood pressure type labels and the measured value.

“mmHg”: NIBP unit

“14:20”: The time of NIBP measuring

“ADUL”: NIBP measurement mode. The object is adult.
The 3 values from left to right are the blood pressure: Systolic, diastolic and MAP.

“AUTO”: The NIBP measurement mode. “00:00:36”: counting down time; the system will take
NIBP measurement automatically when the system finishes counting down.
Figure 4.5
SpO2, pulse rate, and respiration data area

“SpO2”: SpO2 label. The “98” on the right side is the current SpO2 value measured.

“PR”: Pulse rate label. The value “62” on the lower left shows the pulse rate value.

“

“RR”: Respiration Rate: The bpm after that is the unit of the respiration, i.e., beat per min.

“17”: Respiration rate.

“X2”: Respiration gain(amplification):
”: SpO2 strength bar.
“X1/2”: Half of the basic waveform
“X1”: Basic waveform
“X2”: Twice the size of the basic waveform.
“X4”: 4 times of the basic waveform
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Figure 4.6
☞
TEMP data area

“TEMP 1/2”: Temperature label. The value below “36.6, 37.1” are the temperature values.

“℃”: Body temperature unit.

“TD”: the absolute value in temperature between TEMP 1 and TEMP 2.
Print
℃ is Celsius, and °
F is Fahrenheit.
Ⅱlead
waveform
ECG2 waveform
which can and
be selected in the system menu.
4.2 Display 2 Screen
4.2.1 Viewing Screen
Choose Obsev of Disp2 on system setup screen, press the DISP key to enter the monitoring screen, as shown in
Figure 4.7.
Figure 4.7
Viewing screen
In this screen, press the DISP key to switch the ECG lead, or press the Print key to print the ECG waveform and
the second waveform. The second waveform can be selected in the System menu.
☞
Press print key to print leadⅡ ECG waveform and waveform 2 which can be selected in the system menu.
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4.2.2 Seven ECG Waveforms on the Same Screen
Choose 7 ECG of Disp2 on system setup screen, press the DISP key, the system enters the 7 ECG waveform
screen. In this screen, the operator can simultaneously view the ECG waveform for 7 leads: I, II, III, AVR, AVL,
AVF and V, as shown in Figure 4.8.
Figure 4.8
7 Leads on the Same Screen
In this screen, rotate the Navigation Knob to adjust the ECG gain. The ECG gain includes 3 or 5 options:“Auto”,
“X1/2”, “X1”, “X2”, “X4”. Rotate the knob to adjust the gain for all 7 ECG waveforms. Press the freeze button to
freeze all 7 ECG waveforms.
4.2.3 Operating Instructions
In the above monitoring screens, the operator can perform normal print and the blood pressure measurement, but
print and blood pressure measurement can not be operated at the same time. When pressing the “DISP” key again
on the front panel, the system returns to the main screen.
☞
Press print key to print leadⅡ ECG waveform and waveform 2 which can be selected in the system menu.
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4.3 Freeze and S-T Analysis Screen
During the process of monitoring, the whole screen or the 3 ECG waveforms can be frozen to perform detailed
analysis. If necessary, the operator can send one of the frozen waveform to the printer.
In the main screen, press the “Freeze” key to freeze the 3 ECG waveforms or all the waveforms on the screen, as
shown in Figure 4.9.
Figure 4.9
Frozen Screen
4.3.1 Screen Description
Freezing, S-T segment analysis screen is similar with the main screen, except the waveforms are frozen. For
example, the Figure 4.10 is a portion of the frozen waveform from the 3rd ECG waveforms. The symbols on the
screen were described briefly on the screen.
Figure 4.10

Frozen waveform
When the system setting for the freezing waveform is “ALL”, the “Freeze” key will freeze all the
waveforms.
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4.3.2 Operating Instructions
The operator can use the “Navigation Knob” to analyze the S-T segment waveform, i.e. measuring the difference
between the st segment value and the referenced value. The value is displayed after the measure on “st + 0.000
mV”. The operation is carried out in 4 steps.
First, rotate the “Navigation Knob” to move the base point (the red cross) horizontally to base line point (the base
line is between the Q wave and the P wave). At this point, the frozen screen shows “st+0.xxx mV, Set Base, Dirc
Hor”
Second, press the “Navigation Knob”. The screen shows “st+0.xxx mV, Set Base, Dirc Ver”. Then rotate the knob
to move the base point vertically to the base line point.
Third, press the “Navigation Knob” again. The screen shows “st+0.xxx mV, Set st, Dirc Hor”. Rotate the knob to
move the st point (the yellow cross) horizontally to the point to be measured on the st segment.
Last, press the “Navigation Knob” again. The screen shows “st+0.xxx mV, Set st, Dirc Ver”. Rotate the knob to
move the st point vertically to the point to be measured on the st segment.
Only the main screen allows pressing the freeze key to enter the st segment analysis screen.
NOTE: The S point is the end point of S wave, and the T point is the start point of T wave.
☞
Press print key to print leadⅡ ECG waveform and waveform 2 which can be selected in the system menu.
4.4 Mode Selection Screen
Press the “Navigation Knob” in the main screen as shown in Figure 4.2, the operating area shows the mode
selection screen, as shown in Figure 4.11.
Figure 4.11
Mode selection screen
In the mode selection screen, rotate the knob to move the gray cursor to the corresponding screen. Press the knob
to enter the screen of SpO2, NIBP, RCALL, TREND, ARR, SETUP, COLOR, and FILE. The following chapter
4.5 will describe each one. Press Exit/DISP to exit from this screen.
☞ Press print key to print leadⅡ ECG waveform and waveform 2 which can be selected in the system menu.
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4.5 SpO2 Data List Screen
Move the gray cursor to SpO2 in the mode selection screen, and press “Navigation Knob” to enter into SpO2 data
list screen, shown in Figure 4.12
Figure 4.12
SpO2 Data Listing Screen
4.5.1 Screen Description
The SpO2 data listing screen is similar to the NIBP listing screen. The difference is the color of title bar.
All the parameters in the SpO2 data listing are corresponding to the time when the SpO2 measurements were taken.
There is only one record every 4 seconds.
☞
Press print key to print SpO2 list on the SpO2 List Screen.
4.6 NIBP Listing Screen
4.6.1 Screen Description
Move the gray cursor to NIBP on the mode selection screen, and press “Navigation Knob” to enter into NIBP data
list screen, shown in Figure 4.13. The time shows the time when the measurement was taken. As shown in Figure
4.13, one blood pressure listing screen can list up to 13 groups of blood pressure data. When the measured data
exceeds 13 groups, we can use the Navigation Knob to scroll up and down to show the complete list
Figure 4.13
NIBP listing screen
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4.6.2 Operating Instructions
The operation on the data listing is simple. Using the Navigation Knob allows the user to scroll the list up and
down. When rotating the knob anti-clockwise, the list scrolls upward. When rotating knob clockwise, the list
scrolls down. Please note that when the groups of data are less than 6, the Navigation Knob can not be used to
scroll up or down the listing.
☞ Press print key to print NIBP list on the NIBP List Screen.
4.7 Graphic Trend Screen
4.7.1 Screen Description
Move the gray cursor to the “TREND” button, press the knob, and you will get the screen as shown in Figure
4.14.
Figure 4.14 Trend Menu Screen
This is the graphic trend selection screen, i.e. Trend Menu screen.
If you want to enter one of the trend graphs, the procedures are: rotate the “Navigation Knob”, move the cursor to
one of the parameter. For example, from the left to right, we are entering “ECG”, “st”, “Temperature”, “NIBP”,
“Pulse rate” and “SpO2” trend graphs. Their screens are described in the following figures.
Figure 4.15
ECG Graphic Trend
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Figure 4.15 is the ECG trend graph. There are 3 options on the right of the graph, as described below.
The “6” on the top shows the trend graph time. Move the cursor to the trend time, press the knob and rotate it, and
the trend graph time will change to 6, 24, 120 or 480, which changes the horizontal coordinates to be 24 hours,
120 hours or 480hours. The corresponding trend graph also changes to 24 - hour trend, 120 - hour trend or 480 hour trend.
After choosing “Cursor”, the trend graph display a triangle and a vertical line, a moving ruler mark that can be
moved by rotating the knob. As shown in the figure, when you move the mark to a specific point, the data area
below the graph will display the time, and its corresponding heart rate, respiration rate, SpO2, temperature Ⅰ
,
temperature
Ⅱ. W hen rot
The rule is that the initial step is 1, after moving it towards the same direction 5 times, the interval becomes 5, and
with 5 more steps the interval becomes 10, then 20 and 40. No matter what the interval is, as long as you move
towards the other direction, the interval becomes 1 of the other direction. Therefore, it is very easy to find the time
you are looking for.
The last option on the right is “Exit”. Move the cursor to the “Exit”, and press the “Navigation Knob” to return to
the previous screen. The screen returned to is the Mode Selection screen.
Please note that the maximum value on the vertical axis of the ECG is 150, not the value of ECG upper limit 300.
The graph is scaled down for better view of the waveforms. When the ECG value exceeds 150, the vertical axis’s
maximum value will automatically change to 300. That is to say, the vertical axis value 0-75-150 will change to
0-150-300 automatically if the value exceeds 150. When system gets Reset or the patient ID is changed, the
vertical axis will return to its original value of 0, 75 and 150. Other changes of vertical axis value in other trend
graph are similar to that of ECG.
The Trend graph shows parameter value of the current time. For example, in the 12 hours trend graph, when the
monitoring time exceeds 12 hours, the data 12 hours ago will be move out of the graph. This ensures the screen
always display the current data for review. The data moved out of the graph is not deleted but is just hidden
temporarily. When the time frame changes from 12 hours to 24 hours (while the monitoring time is less than 24
hours), the complete set of data will display. Other trend graph follows the same rule.
The respiration rate, body temperature and other trend graph are similar to that of ECG’s and we will not cover
them in detail again. Please note that for those trend graphs, the horizontal axis is the number of times the blood
pressure measured instead of time.
NIBP graphic trend is a little different from the other graphic trends. Rotate the knob to move the cursor to
“
”, then press the knob for activing this item. Next, rotate the knob towards left or right for viewing
another 400 groups’ graphic trend.
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Figure 4.16
Figure 4.17
S-T Graphic Trend
Body Temperature Graphic Trend
Figure 4.18
NIBP Graphic Trend
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Figure 4.19
SpO2 Trend graph
Figure 4.20
PR Graphic Trend
Figure 4.21
Respiration Graphic Trend
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4.7.2 Operating Instructions
Rotate the knob, choose the parameter and press the knob to review the trend graph, and move the cursor to the
Exit to exit the trend graph.
In the temperature trend graph, the Temperature 1 is dotted in white and Temperature 2 is dotted in green.
☞ Press print key to print the trend graph on its corresponding Trend Graph Screen.
4.8 Recall Screen
Move the gray cursor to “RECALL” in mode selection screen and press the “Navigation Knob” to enter waveform
Recall Screen, shown in Figure 4.22. In most cases, one hour will store one record. If the storing time of the
record is less than one hour or change the patients within one hour, this record will be stored as a single one.
The ECG lead, gain and other parameters will not change during recall.
Figure 4.22
Waveform Recall Screen
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Shown in Figure 4.23, it is different from the main screen in its 3rd waveform area and the operation area. We will
explain them in detail below.
Figure 4.23
Recall listing
Rotate the “Navigation Knob” and choose “Recall”, “HIst”, “Delete” or “Exit”. We explain the functions of each
button below.
Recall: Press the Recall and the first record in recall list becomes green. Rotate the knob to choose a record, and
press the knob to recall it. The recalled waveform is displayed on the 3rd channel of the waveform area, as shown
in Figure 4.24.
Figure 4.24
Recalled Waveform
Rotate the “Navigation Knob” to move forward or backward to review the waveform. Press the “Navigation
Knob” to exit the waveform recall and return to the initial waveform recall screen.
During waveform recall, the system not only displays the current recalled waveform, but also displays the lead
status, gain and filter type of the waveform and time.
HIst: Press the key to shift between the History key and Current key. Press HIst and the recall list on the left
displays the history data list. Press the Current, the recall list on the left side displays the current one. When
entering the recall screen, the system defaults the current one.
Delete: Press this key, and the selected record in the recall list becomes green. Rotate the “Navigation Knob” to
choose the reviewed record that is to be detected, press it, release it 2 seconds later, and then the record is deleted.
The current record cannot be deleted, or system will exit Delete screen.
Exit: Press this key to return to the system setup menu.
☞
Press print key to print the recalled data list. If a piece of record is chosen, press print key to print leadⅡ
ECG waveform and the recalled waveform on the Waveform Recall Screen.
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4.9 ARR Screen
Move the gray cursor to “ARR” and press Navigation Knob to enter ARR screen, shown in Figure 4.25. The
structure is similar to recall screen. We will cover each function key below.
Figure 4.25 ARR screen
start: This button is used to start and end the system ARR detection. The default is OFF. When the ARR is
not ON, the “Learn” key is disabled. Press this key and the system enters learning mode. The start changes to
End. Press it again to end the learning. When “Learn” key change to yellow from gray, it indicates the
learning has finished. After the ARR detection is begins, the system will automatically detect the ARR
waveforms. If ARR is detected, the ARR waveform will be displayed in the 3rd ECG channel, shown in
Figure 4.25
When the system get Reset or the patient has change, the ARR needs to be re-learned.
Learn: Because the ARR detection is based on the normal ECG waveform at the same speed and same
amplitude, when the patient changes, or the ARR detection is incorrect, the ARR needs re-learn. To better use
the learn function, it is recommended to use a good ECG waveform to learn during the monitoring.
View: Press this key, and the selected record in the ARR list, which is to be reviewed, becomes the green.
Rotate the “Navigation Knob” to choose the record and display the corresponding waveform in the 3rd ECG
channel. Press the knob again to exit.
Exit: press this key to exit the ARR detection screen and return to the system menu.
During monitoring, if ARR is detected, the system will alarm. The ARR alarm is system default and does not need
setup.
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During ARR detection, incorrect detection might occur if the non-ECG waveforms (e.g.; square wave and triangle
wave) appear.
Before start 1mV testing, please turn off the ARR detection.
During ARR detection, the ARR module is very important. The system requires a group of stable ECG waveforms.
If the system detects the ARR incorrectly, please relearn ARR by pressing “Learn” button and capture correct
template.
☞
Press print key to print the arrhythmia data list. If a piece of record is chosen, press print key to print leadⅡ
ECG waveform and arrhythmia waveform on the ARR Screen.
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4.10 System Setup Screen
4.10.1 Screen Description
In the Mode Selection screen, move the cursor to the “SETUP”, and press it to enter system setup screen, shown
in Figure 4.26.
To set up the system parameter, rotate the “Navigation Knob” to move the cursor to the corresponding button, and
press it to perform corresponding settings.
At the same time, the RESET button returns the settings to the default value, but the patient document and the
recalled data will not be changed. We will cover the functions of each button.
☞ Press print key to print its corresponding parameter settings on the setup screen.
☞ Limits setup: Move the gray cursor to the High or Low limits of the alarm settings, and press the “Alarm”
key to turn ON or OFF the alarm for the setting. Yellow color shows ON status, and gray color shows the
OFF status.
SYSTEM PARAMETER SETTINGS
Figure 4.26

System parameter settings
Type: The object being monitored, this can be selected among Adult, Infant and Neonate.
Adult: the object is adult.
Infant: the subject is pediatric.
Neonate: the subject is neonate.
The default is “Adult”
When changing the patient type, the system will perform the alarm settings, NIBP settings
initializations. Please pay special attention to the patient type before starting the monitoring. It is
forbidden to use Adult type on the pediatric and neonatal patient, or it can cause serious injury.

Mode: Monitor mode selection. The “Real Time” shows the real time waveform, i.e. normal
monitoring state. The “Demo” shows the demo waveforms. In the demo state, all the signals and data
are generated from the patient monitor for demo and testing purpose. The default is “Real Time”
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User Manual for Patient Monitor

LANG: for setting the display language. The patient monitor is equipped with dual-language, the
primary and secondary languages, which can be switched alternatively by user. The default language
configuration is "ENG" (English) as the primary language, "中文" (Chinese) as the secondary
language. The available secondary languages can be configured optionally with "中文" (Chinese),
"ENG" (English), "PTG" (Portuguese), "CSK" (Czechish), "TRK" (Turkish) and "FRA" (French)
etc.. For the special configuration without the secondary language, the display language is always
"ENG" (English), and this setting item is gray so that it can not be set.

Fill: When the fill setting is ON, the display fills the volume for the SpO2 and Respiration. When it is
OFF, the system displays the line graph. The default is OFF.

Frze: Pressed the key to freeze the selected waveform. The options are “All” and “ECG”. When
ECG is selected, the system only freezes the ECG waveform. When “All” is selected, the system
freezes all the waveforms including ECG, SpO2, and Respiration. The factory default is “ECG”

Disp2: The display 2. Two options: Obsev (Observation) and 7 ECG (7 ECG lead) can be selected.
The factory default is Observation.

VOL: The sound volume. The maximum volume is 7 and minimum is 0, i.e. no sound. The default is
5.

Key: If the setting is ON, the press of the button will generate a keystroke sound. The factory
default is ON.

Beep: The synchronous heart beat sound. The range of setting is “0~7”, The factory default is “5”
PRINTER SETTINGS
Figure 4.27
Printer settings

Printer: the switch of printer setting, the printer can be used if you choose ON. This parameter
does not have default, but the choice can be stored.

Timer: if Print is ON, rotate navigation knob to set on the Timer to enable timed print, and set the
value of printing intervals in the cycle category. When the time set is reached, the system will
automatically take the record. The interval is 1, 2, 3, ```to 240 minutes.

Wave2: when built-in printer is selected, you can choose SpO2, respiration, I, III, AVR, AVL, AVF,
or V to be printed with II-lead ECG waveform. The default is SpO2.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor

ARR: ARR trigging print. “ON” means the printer will trig once ARR occurs and record the ARR
waveform information. The initial setting is “OFF” means close the ARR trigging record.
ECG PARAMETER SETTINGS
Figure 4.28






ECG settings
Lead: Can choose from I, II, III, AVR, AVL, AVF, V (V1-V6). The default is I.
Gain: The ECG gain, 5 options x1/2, x1, x2, x4 and Auto. Auto is for automatic gain control. The
factory default is x1
HR Hi: High limit of heart rate alarm
Lo: Low limit of heart rate alarm
The adjustable range and the factory default value can be found in chapter 5.10.
Speed: ECG display speed. 3 options: 12.5, 25, 50 mm/s. The factory default is 25 mm/s
Mode: ECG filter mode. Three options: MON, DIA, and OPE
MON: Monitoring mode. Moderate filtering that can filter out interference and present good
ECG waves.
DIA: Diagnosis. No filtering, represent the true ECG without filtering.
OPE: Operation. Deep filtering, filtering out strong interference.
The factory default is MON.
1mV: Generating the 1mV signal. This signal is used to test the function of the machine. It is not
used during normal operation. Factory default is OFF

Pace: Cardiac pacemaker detection. When Pace is “ON”, a mark will be displayed on the ECG
waveform if the patient fitted with a cardiac pacemaker. The factory default is OFF.

Grid: The grid on the background. Factory default is OFF.


50Hz: 50 Hz frequency filter. The factory default is ON.
S-T Hi: The high limit value of S-T Segment
Lo: The low limit value of S-T Segment.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
temperature parameter settings
Figure 4.29

Temperature settings
TEMPI Hi: High limit of temperature 1 alarm
Lo: Low limit of temperature 1 alarm

TEMPII Hi: High limit of temperature 2 alarm
Lo: Low limit of temperature 2 alarm

Unit: Temperature unit. The default is °C (Celsius) and it can be set to °F (Fahrenheit).
NIBP PARAMETER SETTINGS
Figure 4.30
NIBP settings

Unit: The pressure unit, and mmHg and kPa can be selected. The factory default is mmHg.

Mode: The cuff inflation mode, manual or automatic. The factory default is manual. The operator
needs to press the NIBP button to perform NIBP measurement. If the Auto mode is chosen, the
operator needs to set an interval cycle as well.

Cycle: The inflation interval when the NIBP measurement is set to Auto. The options are stAT, 1
min, 2 min…480 min. Press NIBP and the system begins to count down. It takes blood pressure
measurement automatically after finishing counting down If STAT is selected, press NIBP to take 5
minutes’ measurement.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
 WARNING: STAT can only be used for Adult. Using this mode to Infant/Neonatal
patient can cause serious injury.

SYS Hi/Lo: High and Low limits of systolic pressure alarm

DIA Hi/Lo: High and Low limits of diastolic pressure alarm


MAP Hi/Lo: High and Low limits of MAP alarm
NIBP Cali: The NIBP Cali has three options: NIBP Cali Mode 1, NIBP Cali Mode 2 and OFF.
Make sure the key is off with manual after the NIBP calibration, or the user could not do other
operations. The factory default is OFF.
Gas Leak: For professional person to test gas leak on blood pressure .

SPO2 PARAMETER SETTINGS
Figure 4.31
SpO2 settings

SpO2 Hi/Lo: High and Low limits of SpO2 alarm

Pulse Hi/Lo: High and Low limits of pulse rate alarm
RESPIRATION PARAMETER SETTINGS
Figure 4.32

Respiration settings
Gain: Respiration amplification/gain, 4 options, x1/2, x1, x2, and x4. The default is x2
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User Manual for Patient Monitor

Speed: Respiration display speed, 2 options 6.25mm/s and 12.5 mm/s. The default is 12.5 mm/s

Apnea: The apnea alarm time (in second). When the patient stop breathing for the time longer than
the set period, the Respiration display channel display warning “Apnea xxx second”.

Type: Respiration impedance

RR Hi: High limit of respiratory rate alarm
Lo: Low limit of respiratory rate alarm
RESUME DEFAULT
On the screen as shown in Figure 4.32 rotate knob to choose “Reset” and then press the knob, all the value of
parameters will resume default.
☞ See Appendix for default alarming values and setup range.
4.11 Color Settings
Figure 4.33
Color settings
Move the gray cursor to “Color” and press the “Navigation Knob” to enter the color setting screen, shown in
Figure 4.33. In this screen, rotate the knob to choose the color, press and rotate to change the color. When the
appropriate color is chosen press the knob again to save it.
Press the “Exit” to exit this color settings screen.
☞ Press print key to print leadⅡ ECG waveform and waveform 2 which can be selected in the system menu on
Color Setting Screen.
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4.12 File/Archive Management Screen
Figure 4.34
Document management screen
The document/archive management screen can be used to manage information about the patient. In the screen, the
operator can enter and modify the patient ID, Name, Bed number, Sex, and Age. The operator can also choose to
save the patient data in the permanent storage. The screen is shown in Figure 4.34.
ID: Or Patient ID. To enter patient ID, choose the patient ID field by using the “Navigation Knob”. Press it
to enter the text entry box. Rotate the knob to choose the letter and press the knob to enter the letter. To
delete the letter, move the cursor to the letter and rotate the knob to enter spaces (after the H). Use the
spaces to replace the letters. After finishing entering the patient ID, choose “Exit” button and press the knob
to exit the text entry. The patient ID is the unique identifier for the patient. When the patient ID changes, the
system considers the patient has changed.
Name: Enter the patient’s name.
Bed: Enter the bed number.
Sex: Choose between M or F for male and female.
Age: Choose the age field and use the “Navigation Knob” to select an age.
Save: The operator can choose how much of the data that needs to be saved. The unit is hour. Once the time
is chosen, the system starts to save data from the current time. If OFF is selected, it means that the data will
not be saved. The system will determine the time range according to the available disk space. If no disk
space available, SAVE will be displayed as OFF. When the user intends to save the current ECG waveform
permanently, please delete the history files. Refer to Chapter 4.8 for deletion methods.
☞
Press print key to print leadⅡ ECG waveform and waveform 2 which can be selected in the system menu on
the Document Management Screen .
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 5 CO2 Monitoring
If your monitor has CO2 monitoring function, please follow the instructions in this chapter to
perform CO2 monitoring on patient.
5.1 CO2 Parameter Settings
1. On Main Screen, press the knob to enter System Menu Screen. Then choose “SETUPC02”to enter CO2
Parameter Settings screen.
CO2 Parameter Settings

Switch: choosing the mode of CO2. It is recommended that the switch is turned on only when there is
a need to monitor CO2 parameter. This can not only reduce the power consumption and also extend
the life of the CO2 module.
In order to maintain the monitor, please set CO2 switch at OFF state in system setup when CO2
function is not used.

Gain: the CO2 waveform gain.

Unit: Choosing the EtCO2 and the minimum InsCO2. It can be set up as kPa, mmHg, and %.

Respiration Rate High: Setting the upper alarm limit of CO2 respiration rate.
Low: Setting the lower alarm limit of CO2 respiration rate.

EtCO2
High: Setting the upper alarm limit of EtCO2.
Low: Setting the lower alarm limit of EtCO2.

InsCO2 High: Setting the upper alarm limit of InsCO2.
Low: Setting the lower alarm limit of InsCO2.

Baro (Barometric pressure): set ambient atmospheric pressure. It can be determined by barometer
or the ambient altitude. Altitude can be used to determine the typical barometric pressure if a
barometer is not available, refer to Appendix Typical Pressures and CO2 Readings at Altitudes for
details.

Zero: The method to calibrate CO2: Zero calibration. Calibration must be carried out in a drafty place,
and the CO2 module must have worked continuously for 5 minutes to ensure an accurate calibration,
or the calibration will not work.

Flow (CO2 flow): It is flow rate of the CO2 sampling. Its value is 50ml/min.
The information promoted for Zero calibration is as follows:
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Please apply the reference air with 0% CO2, the air in the drafty room usually can be regarded as the air with 0%
CO2. Press “OK”, and the result will be displayed on the screen several seconds later.
2. To set the color of CO2 parameters on Color Settings screen.
5.2 CO2 Sensor Connection
5.2.1 Sidestream CO2 Sensor Connection
Demonstration for Sidestream CO2 Sensor Connection
1. Take out the CO2 Sensor and insert the CO2 Sensor Cable into the connector labeled “CO2” on the connector
panel of the monitor;
2. The sample cell of the sampling cannula must be inserted into the sample cell receptacle of the CO2 Sensor. A
“click” will be heard when the sample cell is properly inserted. Then connect to airway tube. After finishing
sensor connection, and make sure that the air input end is exposed to room air and away from all sources of
CO2, including the ventilator, the patient’s breath and your own. Next, turn on the CO2 switch at CO2 Setup
Screen and then wait 2 minutes for the sensor warm-up.
3. Default Tubing Configuration
Adapter and Sampling tube (Single patient use)
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Extending airway tube for connecting to sampling tube (Single patient use)
Wye Connector
4. Optional sampling cannula kits
(1) T connector sampling cannula kits
On-air Connector
Adapter
(2) Nasal Sidestream Cannula Kits
(3) Oral Sidestream Cannula Kits
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
5.2.2 Mainstream CO2 Sensor Connection
Sensor cable
Adapter
CO2 sensor
Demonstration for Mainstream CO2 Sensor Connection
1. Take out the CO2 Sensor and insert the CO2 Sensor Cable into the connector labeled “CO2” on the connector
panel of the monitor;
2. Snap the CO2 sensor onto the airway adapter as shown in Figure 6.9. A “click” will be heard when the airway
adapter is properly inserted.
3. Position the airway adapter in the patient’s respiratory circuit (as close to the patient as possible) between the
endotracheal tube and the ventilator circuit. Next, turn on the CO2 switch at CO2 Setup Screen and then wait 2
minutes for the sensor warm-up.
Safety Introductions for CO2 Monitoring
 CO2 Sensor is a precision measuring part, please use it correctly and store it
properly;
 Precautions for electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference
(EMI) to and from other equipment.
 Failure of Operation: If the CO2 Sensor fails to respond as described in this
user manual; DO NOT use it until approved for use by qualified personnel.
 DO NOT position the sensor cables or tubing in any manner that may cause
entanglement or strangulation.
 Support the airway adapter to prevent stress on the ET tube.
 Reuse, disassembly, cleaning, disinfecting or sterilizing the single patient use
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CO2 airway adapters may compromise functionality and system performance
leading to a user or patient hazard. Performance is not guaranteed if an item
labeled as single patient use is reused.
 Inspect the sidestream on-airway adapters and sidestream sampling kits for
damage prior to use. DO NOT use the sidestream on-airway adapters and
sidestream sampling kits if they appear to be damaged or broken.
 If the CO2 waveform (Capnogram) appears abnormal, inspect the CO2 airway
adapters and replace if needed.
 Periodically check the CO 2 /Flow sensor and tubing for excessive
moisture or secretion buildup. Do not use them if there is excessive moisture or
exterior condensation.
 Electric Shock Hazard: The CO2 Sensor contains no user serviceable parts.
 Refer service to qualified service personnel. Do not open the sensor cabinet at
will, as electric shock hazard may occur.
 Place the exhaust vent of the CO2 Sensor in drafty ambient and do not let
anything block the exhaust vent.
 Always disconnect the CO2 Sensor before cleaning. Do NOT use if it appears to have
been damaged. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel.
 DO NOT sterilize or immerse the CO2 Sensor in liquids.
 Replace the sidestream on-airway adapters and sidestream sampling kits if
excessive secretions are observed.
 Do not operate the CO2 Sensor when it is wet or has exterior condensation.
 Monitor the CO2 waveform (Capnogram). If you see changes or abnormal
appearance, check the patient and the sampling line. Replace line if needed.
 DO NOT use device on patients that can not tolerate the withdrawal of 50
ml/min +/- 10 ml/min from the airway or patients that can not tolerate the
added dead space to the airway.
 Do not apply excessive tension to any sensor cable or pneumatic tubing.
 Explosion Hazard: DO NOT use in the presence of flammable anesthetics or
other flammable gasses. Use of the CO2 Sensor in such environment may
present an explosion hazard.
☞ The power voltage over monitor working voltage may cause damage to CO2
sensor. Likewise, too low power voltage may affect the CO2 measuring
accuracy or even make the CO2 sensor not work.
☞ When changing sampling tube, it is suggested to choose the default sampling
tube with dehumidifying function. The sampling tube without dehumidifying
function may be easily blocked by excessive moisture. (Use life: ordinary
sampling tube: 6~12 hours; the sampling tube with dehumidifying function:
about 120 hours.)
☞ If the measurement appears abnormity caused by sampling tube block, please
replace it.
☞ The total length of the sampling tube and extending airway tube shouldn’t be
longer than 3 meters, too long may cause measurement abnormity. If using T
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
connector sampling cannula kits, please insert the sampling tube with the tubes
upward to avoid the affects of excessive moisture;
☞ Altitudes are different in different area, so set the Barometric Pressure setting
value as the ambient barometric pressure.
☞ Use only our company approved accessories.
☞ While using the CO2 sensor, a system leak, that may be caused by an uncuffed
endotracheal tube or a damaged CO2 sensor may significantly effect
flow-related readings. These include flow, volume, pressure and other
respiratory parameters.
☞ When stopping CO2 monitor, please disconnected the CO2 sensor from the
patient monitor.
☞ Disposal of the CO2 Sensor and its accessories should comply with national and/or
local requirements.
☞ In the presence of electromagnetic devices (i.e., electrocautery), patient monitoring
may be interrupted due to electromagnetic interference. Electromagnetic fields up to
20 V/m will not adversely affect system performance.
☞ Nitrous oxide, elevated levels of oxygen, helium and halogenated hydrocarbons can
influence the CO2 measurement.
☞ Excessive moisture in the CO2 may affect the accuracy of the flow measurement.
5.3 CO2 Monitoring Screen
Waveform area

5th waveform: CO2 waveform. It can be respiration waveform or CO2 waveform.
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Data area
RR, EtCO2, and Ins Data Area

“RR”: Respiration Rate: The rpm after that is the unit of the respiration, i.e., respiration per min.

“EtCO2 39.0”: The label and the value will become gray when CO2 is turned off.

Ins: The label of the minimal inhalational CO2, the label and the value will become gray when CO2 is
turned off.

“16”: Respiration rate. It will display the respiration rate of CO2, when the switch is turned on.

“X1”: Respiration gain(amplification)
:
“X1/2” half of the basic waveform
“X1” basic waveform
“X2” Twice the size of the basic waveform.
“X4” 4 times of the basic waveform
Observing Screen, 7 Leads on the Same Screen and other display screen will display CO2 monitoring data
as
well besides Main Screen.
Note: only when the setting item “System Menu→SETUP→CO2→Switch”is set as “ON”, CO2
monitoring
function is available.
5.4 CO2 Graphic Trend
On Graphic Trend screen, rotate the knob and move the cursor to “CO2”, then press the knob to enter EtCO2
Graphic Trend. Refer to Chapter 4.5 Graphic Trend Screen for detailed instructions and operations.
EtCO2 Graphic Trend
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 6 Alarm
6.1 Alarm Priority
High Priority:
Over HR limit
Over RR limit
Over TEMP1 limit
Over TEMP2 limit
Over SpO2 limit
Over PR limit
Over NIBP SYS limit
Over NIBP DIA limit
Over NIBP MAP limit
Over EtCO2 limit
Over InsCO2 limit
Over TD limit
Over ST limit
Over NIBP PR limit
ECG VPCEST
Unable to detect HR
Unable to detect SpO2
The battery capacity will exhaust
Medium Priority:
VE RONT
SVE RONT
Lead Off
Probe Off
Sensor Over Temp
Sensor Faulty
Zero Required
CO2 Out of Range
Check Airway Adapter
Check Sampling Line
The Sensor Off
Low Priority:
Other arrhythmia phenomenon(Except ECG VPCEST, VE RONT and SVE RONT, refer to 12.3 Abbreviation of
arrhythmia for details.)
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6.2 Alarm modes
When an alarm occurs, the monitor responds with visual alarm indications (which are shown by two ways:
alarm indicator and alarm message description) and audible alarm indications.
Visual Alarm Indicators
The flashing rates for the three categories of alarms are shown in the table below.
Indicator Color
Alarm Caregory
Flashing Rate
Red flashing
High priority alarm
2 Hz
Yellow flashing
Medium priority alarm
0.5 Hz
Yellow light
Low priority alarm
Constant(on)(non-flashing)
Audible Alarm Indications
The audible alarm has different tone pitch and on-off beep patterns for each priority category. These are
summarized in the Table below.
Alarm Category
Tone Pitch
Beep Rate
High priority alarm
Medium priority alarm
Low priority alarm
Normal
~500Hz
~700Hz
~600Hz
~300Hz
2 beeps per 7 sec.
4 beeps per 9 sec.
20 beeps per 13 sec.
continuous
Note: Visual alarm indicators can not be suspended or removed. Audible alarms may be decreased in volume or
silenced.
6.3 Alarm Silence
Press
key to set or activate the system alarm. In the monitoring screen, press “Alarm” to set the alarm timer.
There are four options of alarm silent time: 2 minutes, 5 minutes, 10 minutes and 20 minutes. The time shows up
on the upper left corner of the screen. When the alarm timer is activated, the system begins to count down. If
alarm occurs during that period, the system alarm will be actived automatically and the monitor will give alarm.
If there is no alarm during that period, when the set time has passed the system alarm will be actived as well.
When the monitor alarms, press
key to suspend the alarm and set the alarm silence time.
 DO NOT silence the audible alarm or decrease its volume if patient safety
could be compromised.
6.4 Alarm Setting
In the Mode Selection screen, move the cursor to the “SETUP”, and press it to enter system setup screen.
☞ Limits setup: Move the gray cursor to the High or Low limits of the alarm settings, and press the “Alarm”
key to turn ON or OFF the alarm for the setting. Yellow color shows ON status, and gray color shows the
OFF status.
Refer to Chapter 12.2 for detailed Default Alarming Values of All Parameters and Setup Range.
 Whenever the monitor is used, check the alarm limits to ensure that they
are appropriate for the patient being monitored.
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6.5 Verify Adjustable Alarm Function
To verify adjustable alarm function, select “Demo” for the item of Mode in system parameter settings menu and
adjust alarm limits or change alarm setting, then pay a close attention to the alarm. If the alarm is sent out
according to your setting, it means the alarm function is effective.
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Chapter 7 Technical Specifications
7.1 ECG Monitoring
1. Input signals range in amplitude: ± (0.5 mVp ~ 5 mVp)
2. Heart rate display range: 15 bpm ~ 350 bpm
3. Heart rate display accuracy: ± 1% or ± 2 bpm, whichever is greater.
4. Heart rate averaging: Averages the recent eight beats having RR intervals falling within the acceptable
limits.
5. Heart rate alarm delay time: ≤ 10s
6. Response time to change in heart rate:
Change from 80 bpm to 120 bpm: < 8 sec
Change from 80 bpm to 40 bpm:
< 8 sec
7. Tall T-wave rejection: Rejects all T-wave less than or equal to 120% of 1mV QRS.
8. Pacemaker pulse rejection:
Rejects all pulses of amplitude ± 2mV to ± 700mV and duration 0.1 to 2 ms without overshoot;
Rejects all pulses of amplitude ± 2mV to ± 400mV and duration 0.1 to 2 ms with overshoot.
9.Sensitivity selection:
×1/2, 5mm/mV
tolerance: ± 5%
×1,
10mm/mV
tolerance: ± 5%
×2,
20mm/mV
tolerance: ± 5%
10. Sweeping speed: 12.5mm/s, 25mm/s, 50mm/s
tolerance: ±10%
11. ECG noise level: ≤ 30μVP-P.
12. ECG input loop current: ≤ 0.1μA
13. Differential input impedance: ≥ 5MΩ
14. Common-mode rejection ratio (CMRR): ≥ 89dB
15. Time constant:
Monitoring mode: ≥ 0.3s
Diagnostic mode: ≥ 3.2s
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16. Frequency response:
Monitoring mode: 0.5 Hz~40 Hz(+0.4dB,-3.0dB)
Diagnostic mode: 0.05 Hz~75 Hz(+0.4dB,-3.0dB)
Additional declarations to conform the particular standard of IEC 60601-2-27 “Medical
electrical equipment – Part 2-27: Particular requirements for the safety, including
essential performance, of electrocardiographic monitoring equipment”
Direct current for
respiration, leads-off
sensing, and active noise
suppression
Applied current less than 0.1 microamperes.
Response to irregular
rhythm
A1 Ventricular bigeminy-80BPM
A2 Slow alternating ventricular bigeminy-60BPM
A3 Rapid alternating ventricular bigeminy-120BPM
A4 Bidirectional systoles-90BPM
Waveform B1, Amplitude Average Time to Alarm
0.5 mV
<8 sec
1 mV
<8 sec
2mV
<8 sec
Waveform B2, Amplitude Average Time to Alarm
1mV
<8 sec
2mV
<8 sec
4mV
<8 sec
Time to ALARM for
tachycardia
7.2 RESP Monitoring
1. RESP rate measuring range: 0rpm~120rpm
2. RESP rate accuracy: ±5% or ±2 rpm, whichever is greater
3. RESP rate alarm limit range: 0rpm~120rpm.
4. Alarm tolerance: ±5% or ±2 rpm, whichever is greater
7.3 TEMP Monitoring
1. TEMP measuring range: 25.0℃~45.0℃
2. TEMP measuring accuracy: ±0.2℃
3. TEMP responding time: ≤150s
7.4 NIBP Monitoring
1. Measuring method: Oscillometric Technique
2. Pneumatic pressure measuring range: 0 mmHg~300mmHg
3. Accuracy of pressure measurement: ±3 mmHg
4. Cuff inflation time: <10 seconds (typical adult cuff)
5. Measurement time on the average: < 90 seconds
6. Air release time while the measurement is canceled: <2 seconds (typical adult cuff)
7. Initial cuff inflation pressure
Adult: <180 mmHg; Infant: <120 mmHg; Neonate: <90 mmHg
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8. Overpressure protection limit
Adult: 300 mmHg; Infan: 240mmHg; Neonate: 150 mmHg
9. NIBP measurement range:
Adult
40~255
20~215
10~195
press(unit)
SYS
mmHg
MAP
mmHg
DIA
mmHg
10. NIBP accuracy:
Infant
40~200
20~165
10~150
Neonate
40~135
20~110
10~95
Maximum mean difference : ±5 mmHg
Maximum standard deviation: 8 mmHg
11. Measurement mode: Manual, Auto, STAT
7.5 SpO2 Monitoring
1. Probe: dual-wavelength LED
Wavelength: Red light: 660 nm, Infrared light: 905 nm.
Maximal optical output power: less than 2mW maximum average
2. SpO2 measuring range: 35%~100%
3. SpO2 measuring accuracy: not greater than 3% for SpO2 range from 70% to 100%
*NOTE: accuracy defined as root-mean-square value of deviation according to ISO 9919
4. Low perfusion performance: the declared accuracy is sustained when the pulse amplitude modulation
ratio is as low as 0.4%
7.6 Pulse Monitoring
1. Pulse rate measuring range: 30bpm~240bpm
2. Pulse rate measurement accuracy: ±2bpm or ±2%, whichever is greater.
7.7 CO2 Monitoring
1. Technology: Infrared absorption method.
2. Mode of Sampling: Sidestream or Mainstream
3. CO2 Response Time:
Sidestream: <3seconds (including transport time and rise time).
Mainstream: <60ms (rise time)
4. Warm-up Time: Not less than two minutes
5. CO2 measurement range: 0~150mmHg
6. CO2 Accuracy:
*NOTE:
0~40mmHg
±2mmHg
41~70mmHg
±5% of reading
71~100mmHg
±8% of reading
101~150mmHg
±10% of reading
Gas temperature at 25°C for Sidestream;
Gas temperature at 35°C for Mainstream
7. Flow rate: 50ml/min ±10 ml/min (Sidestream)
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7.8 Data Recording
1. Sensitivity selection tolerance: ±5%
2. Recording speed: 25mm/s
3. Recording speed accuracy: ±10%
4. Hysteresis: ≤0.5mm
5. Frequency response:
Monitoring mode: 0.5~40Hz
Diagnostic mode: 0.05~75Hz
6. Time constant:
Monitoring mode: ≥0.3s
Diagnostic mode: ≥3.2s
7.9 Other Technical Specifications
1. Power supply: 100~240VAC, 50/60Hz
2. Power consumption: see the nameplate on the monitor
3. Display mode: 12.1 inches TFT color LCD
4. Alarming mode: Audible & visible alarm
5. Communication: Net port
7.10 Classification
Safety standard:
IEC 60601-1
The type of protection against electric shock
The degree of protection against electric shock
ClassⅠequipment
Type BF, CF applied parts
Electro-Magnetic Compatibility:
Group I, Class A
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7.11 Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration-Electromagnetic compatibility
Table 1
Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration-electromagnetic emissionfor all EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS
UP-7000 Patient Monitor is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The
customer or the user of the equipment or system should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Emissions test
RF emissions
CISPR 11
Compliance
Group 1
RF emissions
CISPR 11
Class A
Harmonic emissions
IEC61000-3-2
Class A
Voltage
fluctuations/flicker
emissions
IEC61000-3-3
Complies
Electromagnetic environment-guidance
UP-7000 Patient Monitor uses RF energy only for its internal
function. Therefore, its RF emissions are very low and are
not likely to cause any interference in nearby electronic
equipment.
UP-7000 Patient Monitor is suitable for use in all
establishments other than domestic and those directly
connected to the public low-voltage power supply network
that supplies buildings used for domestic purposes.
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Table 2
Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration-electromagnetic immunity
for all EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS
UP-7000 Patient Monitor is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer or
the user of the equipment or system should assure that it is used in such an environment.
Electromagnetic environment
Immunity test
IEC60601 test level
Compliance level
-guidance
±6 kV contact
±6 kV contact
Electrostatic
Floors should be wood, concrete
±8kV air
±8kV air
discharge(ESD)
or ceramic tile. if floors are
IEC61000-4-2
covered with synthetic material,
the relative humidity should be at
least 30%
Mains power quality should be
±2kV for power
Electrical fast
±2kV for power
that of a typical commercial or
Supply lines
transient/burst
Supply lines
hospital environment.
±1 kV for
±1 kV for
input/output lines
IEC61000-4-4
input/output lines
Surge
IEC 61000-4-5
±1kV line (s) to line(s)
±2kV line(s) to earth
±1kV differential
mode
±2kV common
mode
Mains power quality should be
that of a typical commercial or
hospital environment.
Voltage dips, short
interruptions and voltage
variations on power
supply input lines
IEC61000-4-11
Mains power quality should be
that of a typical commercial or
hospital environment. If the user
of the equipment or system
requires continued operation
during power mains interruptions,
it is recommended that the
equipment or system be powered
from an uninterruptible power
supply or a battery.
Power
frequency(50Hz/60Hz)
magnetic field
IEC61000-4-8
Power frequency magnetic fields
should be at levels characteristic of
a typical location in a typical
commercial or hospital
environment.
3A/m
3A/m
NOTE UT is the a.c. mains voltage prior to application of the test level.
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Table 3
Guidance and manufacturer’s declaration – electromagnetic immunity-for
EQUIPMENT and SYSTEM that are not LIFE-SUPPORTING
UP-7000 Patient Monitor is intended for use in the electromagnetic environment specified below. The customer
or the user of UP-7000 Patient Monitor should assure that it is used in such an electromagnetic environment.
Compliance
IMMUNITY test
IEC 60601 test level
Electromagnetic environment - guidance
level
Portable and mobile RF communications
equipment should be used no closer to any part of
UP-7000 Patient Monitor, including cables, than
the recommended separation distance calculated
from the equation applicable to the frequency of
the transmitter.
Conducted RF
3V
Recommended separation distance
IEC 61000-4-6
3 Vrms
150 kHz to 80 MHz
Radiated RF
IEC 61000-4-3
3 V/m
3 V/m
80 MHz to 2.5 GHz
Where P is the maximum output power rating of
the transmitter in watts (W) according to the
transmitter manufacturer and d is the
recommended separation distance in metres (m). b
Field strengths from fixed RF transmitters, as
determined by an electromagnetic site survey ,a
should be less than the compliance level in each
frequency range .b
Interference may occur in the vicinity of
equipment marked with the following symbol.
NOTE 1: At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2: These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by
absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.
a: Field strengths from fixed transmitters, such as base stations for radio (cellular / cordless) telephones and
land mobile radios, amateur radio, AM and FM radio broadcast and TV broadcast cannot be predicted
theoretically with accuracy. To assess the electromagnetic environment due to fixed RF transmitters, and
electromagnetic site survey should be considered. If the measured field strength in the location in which
UP-7000 Patient Monitor is used exceeds the applicable RF compliance level above, UP-7000 Patient Monitor
should be observed to verify normal operation. If abnormal performance is observed, additional measures may
be necessary, such as re-orienting or relocating UP-7000 Patient Monitor.
b: Over the frequency range 150 kHz to 80 MHz, field strengths should be less than 3V/m.
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Table 4
Recommended separation distances between portable and mobile RF
communications equipment and The equipment or systemfor EQUIPMENT and SYSTEM that are not LIFE-SUPPORTING
UP-7000 Patient Monitor is intended for use in an electromagnetic environment in which radiated RF
disturbances are controlled. The customer or the user of the equipment or system can help prevent
electromagnetic interference by maintaining a minimum distance between portable and mobile RF
communications equipment (transmitters) and the equipment or system as recommended below, according to
the maximum output power of the communications equipment.
Separation distance according to frequency of transmitter
m
Rated maximum
150kHz
to
80MHz
80MHz
to
800MHz
80MHz to 2,5GHz
output power of
transmitter
W
0,01
0.12
0.12
0.23
0,1
0.38
0.38
0.73
1
1.2
1.2
2.3
10
3.8
3.8
7.3
100
12
12
23
For transmitters rated at a maximum output power not listed above, the recommended separation distance d in
metres (m) can be determined using the equation applicable to the frequency of the transmitter, where p is the
maximum output power rating of the transmitter in watts (W) according to the transmitter manufacturer.
NOTE 1 : At 80 MHz and 800 MHz, the separation distance for the higher frequency range applies.
NOTE 2 : These guidelines may not apply in all situations. Electromagnetic propagation is affected by
absorption and reflection from structures, objects and people.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 8 Packaging and Accessories
8.1 Packaging
The product is packed in high quality corrugated cartons with foam inside to protect the apparatus against damage
in the handling process.
Gross weight: Details see the indication on the outer package
Dimension: 500(L) ×320(W) ×460(H) mm
8.2 Accessories
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
ECG lead cable
NIBP cuff
SpO2 probe
Body temperature probe
Power supply cable
Equipotential grounding wire
Disposable electrode
User Manual
Warranty
Quality certificate
Assembly report
Dustproof mantle
Printing paper (optional)
One set
One set
One piece
One piece
One piece
One piece
Ten pieces
One copy
One copy
One copy
Two copies
One set
Ten rolls
(14) CO2 accessories(optional)
For Mainstream
For Sidestream
Mainstream sensor
( CAPNOSTAT 5 )
One set
Sidestream Sensor
(LoFlo C5)
One set
Airway adapter
One piece
Sampling Line Kit
One set
Note: The accessories are subject to change. Detailed items and quantity see the Packing List.
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Chapter 9 Parameters Monitoring
9.1 ECG Monitoring
9.1.1 How to Obtain High Quality ECG and Accurate Heart Rate Value
The electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is primarily a tool for evaluating the electrical events within the heart. The
action potentials of cardiac-muscle cells can be viewed as batteries that cause charge to move throughout the body
fluids. These currents represent the sum of the action potentials occurring simultaneously in many individual cells
and can be detected by recording electrodes at the surface of the skin. The figure below shows the system of the
heart.
First of all, the hospital should be equipped with a 100~250V power supply system with a typical grounding wire.
If big interference in ECG continues, connect one end of the grounding wire provided with this equipment to the
grounding wire on the back panel of this monitor, and the other end to the special grounding wire, water pipe or
radiator.
A common ECG plate electrode used together with this monitor has short shelf life. Generally, the shelf life is only
one month after the package is opened. When outdated plate electrode is used, due to skin’s contact impedance and
big electrode potential, the chance of interference will be increased, and the ECG baseline will have an unstable
inclination. Therefore, always use valid plate electrodes.
9.1.2 Factors affecting ECG signal







Interference from Electrosurgical Unit;
Doesn’t filter the interference waveform;
Poor grounding;
Electrodes are not placed properly;
Use expired electrode or use disposable electrode repeatly;
The skin placed electrode is uncleaned or poor contract caused by scurf and hair;
Electrode long-time used.
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9.2 NIBP Monitoring
9.2.1 Measuring Principle
Blood pressure may be measured in an invasive way (whereby the sensor will be inserted into blood vessel
directly) or a non-invasive way. The non-invasive way includes several methodologies, such as the Korotkoff
Sound Method and oscillating method. The Korotkoff Sound Method is used as a conventional way, whereby
stethoscope is used to measure the blood pressure. By the oscillating method, an inflation pump will fill the air,
and release it slowly. A computer will record change of the cuff pressure when the air is released. With this record,
the blood pressure value will be determined. First of all, make sure the signal quality judgment by computer
meets the requirements of accurate calculation (such as sudden limb movement or cuff being hit during the
measurement). If the answer is negative, give up the calculation. If the answer is positive, proceed with
calculation of the blood pressure value.
As change of the blood pressure is recorded by electric sensor, which sensitivity is much higher than that of
human ears, the oscillating method uses different definitions for measurement of diastolic pressure, mean arterial
pressure and systolic pressure from the Korotkoff Sound Method. When the oscillating method is used, the circuit
in the measuring apparatus will separate the amplitude of the cuff pressure from its change with pulsation. With
the oscillating method, the blood pressure at the maximum amplitude of cuff pressure is defined as the mean
arterial pressure. The blood pressure at amplitude of cuff pressure forward reduced according to proper
proportion is defined as systolic pressure, while the blood pressure at amplitude of cuff pressure backward
reduced according to proper proportion is defined as diastolic pressure. The maximum change of pulse pressure
occurs at these two points. They are equivalent to the point with pulse sound and the point without pulse sound
respectively in the Korotkoff Sound Method.
When the risk of invasive monitoring method outweighs its advantage of accuracy, non-invasive monitoring
method shall be used.
Comparison between blood pressure measuring methods
To overcome the effect of human hearing variation and air release speed on measurement accuracy when the
conventional Korotkoff Sound Method is used to take measure of blood pressure, people have been dedicated to
study of automatic measurement of blood pressure. By now, automatic blood pressure measuring system based on
the principle of oscillating method is mature. In practice, however, various problems are encountered, such as
why the measures taken by the oscillating method is lower or higher than those taken by Korotkoff Sound
Method? Why the measures are inclined to decline? Why, in some cases, no result is obtained in spite of the
inflation actions? Why the measure values have big discreteness and even abnormal data in some cases? Why the
SpO2 waveforms may disappear suddenly? ...and so on. The following explanations are devised to give the
answers.
The Oscillating method vs. the Korotkoff Sound Method
Blood pressure measurement by the oscillating method and Korotkoff Sound Method has good correlation
with the invasive measurement. Notwithstanding, any of the non-invasive blood pressure measurements has its
one-sidedness when it is compared to the invasive measurement. The oscillating method has its advantages over
the Korotkoff Sound Method in less error, higher reliability and stability. Their differences may be reflected in the
following aspects.
1. The measures by the Korotkoff Sound Method are liable to effect of human factors. For example, different
people may have different sound judging ability, or different reactivity when listening to heart sound and
reading mercury meter. The air release speed and subjectivity may also affect the judgment. By the
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
oscillating method, the computation is accomplished by the computer, thus relieving the possibility of
effect due to human factor.
2. With the Korotkoff Sound Method, the measure is taken on the basis of appearance and disappearance of
heart sound. The air release speed and heart rate may have direct effect on the measurement accuracy. It
also has the disadvantages of rapid air release and poor accuracy. In the contrast, with the oscillating
method, the determination is calculated on the basis of cuff pressure oscillatory waveform envelope, and
the air release speed and heart rate has little effect on the measurement accuracy.
3. Statistics show that, when measuring the hypertension, the measure taken by the oscillating method is
likely to be lower than that taken by the Korotkoff Sound Method. When measuring the hypotension, the
measure taken by the oscillating method is likely to be higher than that by the Korotkoff Sound Method.
But, it doesn’t mean the advantages or disadvantages between the oscillating method and the Korotkoff
Sound Method. Comparison with the results taken by more accurate method, let’s say comparison of the
invasive pressure result with the output value by the blood pressure measuring simulator, will show which
method has more accurate results. In addition, higher or lower value should be a statistical concept. It is
recommended those used to adopt the Korotkoff Sound Method use different physiological calibration for
values determined by the oscillating method.
4. The studies have shown that the Korotkoff Sound Method has the worst accuracy when it comes to
measurement of hypotension, while the oscillating method has worse accuracy when it comes to
measurement of controlled hypertension relief.
9.2.2 Factors affecting NIBP measuring
Like common non-invasive blood pressure measurement, improper operation may cause inaccurate or blank result
or misunderstanding of the measuring information when the oscillating method is used to take the measure of
blood pressure. This point needs particular attention of the operators.
1. Requirements of the cuff:
1) Appropriate cuff should be selected according to the age of the subject. For more information, see
Chapter 3.
2) Remember to empty the residual air in the cuff before the measurement is commenced.
3) Locate the cuff in such a way that the “φ” mark is at a location where the clearest pulsation of brachial
artery is observed.
4) The cuff should be tightened to a degree where insertion of one finger is allowed.
5) The lower end of the cuff should be 2cm above the elbow joint.
2. The subject should lie on the back so that the cuff and the heart are in a horizontal position and the most
accurate measure is taken. Other postures may lead to inaccurate measurement.
3. Do not speak or move before or during the measurement. Care should be taken so that the cuff will not be
hit or touched by other objects.
4. The measures should be taken at appropriate intervals. Continuous measurement at too short intervals may
lead to pressed arm, reduced blood flow and lower blood pressure, and resulting inaccurate measure of
blood pressure. It is recommended the measure be taken at intervals of more than two minutes.
5. With the oscillating method, when blood pressure is measured, the inflation pressure of the cuff will be
automatically adjusted according to the previous measure. Generally, the initial inflation pressure is
180mmHg (for the adult mode) or 100mmHg (for the infant mode) or 80 mmHg (for the neonate mode)
when it is powered on. Following that, 50mmHg (for the adult mode) or 30mmHg (for infant mode) or
10mmHg (for the neonate mode) will be added on the basis of the last measurement of systolic pressure.
In this way, when the blood pressure rises or the subject is changed, the blood pressure meter may fail in
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
giving the result after the first-time inflation. This monitor will automatically adjust the inflation pressure
until the measure is taken, after that, up to four measures will be allowed.
6. When an adult subject is monitored, the machine may fail in giving the blood pressure measure if the
infant or neonate mode is selected.
9.2.3 Clinical Limitations
1. Serious angiospasm, vasoconstriction, or too weak pulse.
2. When extremely low or high heart rate or serious arrhythmia of the subject occurs. Especially auricular
fibrillation will lead to unreliable or impossible measurement.
3. Do not take the measurement when the subject is connected with an artificial heart-lung machine.
4. Do not take the measurement when the subject uses diuresis or vasodilator.
5. When the subject is suffering from major hemorrhage, hypovolemic shock and other conditions with
rapid blood pressure change or when the subject has too low body temperature, the reading will not be
reliable, for reduced peripheral blood flow will lead to reduced arterial pulsation.
6. Subject with hyperadiposis;
In addition, statistics show that 37% people report blood pressure difference of no less than 0.80kPa(6mmHg)
between the left and right arms, and 13% people report difference of no less than 1.47kPa (11mmHg).
Note: Some practitioners may report big discreteness or abnormal value of the blood pressure measures
when the oscillating method is used. As a matter of fact, the so-called “big discreteness” must be a term in
the sense of statistical significance of mass data. Abnormal data may be observed in some individual cases.
It is normal in the scientific experiments. It may be caused by an apparent reason, or by an unknown factor
in some cases. Such individual doubtful experimental data may be identified and eliminated using the
special statistical technique. It is not a part of this manual. The practitioner may eliminate the apparently
unreasonable data according to the experience.
Operation Introduction:
1. Take a measurement in manual mode:

Enter into the screen of NIBP setting, select “Mode” option and set it as “MANU”, and then press
the NIBP key on the front panel to start measure. If press the NIBP key again, the measurement will
be stopped.

During the automatic measurement interval when no NIBP measurement is taken, press the NIBP
key, a measurement in manual mode will be taken. If at this time press the NIBP key again, the
manual mode will be stopped and continue the automatic mode.
2. Take a measurement in automatic mode:
Enter into the screen of NIBP setting, select “Cycle” option and select time interval according needs, then
press the NIBP key on the front panel to start the automatic measurement at a certain interval.
3. Stop automatic measurement
In the procedure of automatic measurement, press the NIBP key at any time, the measurement will be
stopped.
4. STAT measurement
Enter into the screen of NIBP settings, select Cycle option and set as STAT, the STAT measurement will
be taken. This procedure will last for 5 minutes.
5. Stop STAT measurement on the halfway
In the procedure of STAT measurement, press the NIBP key at any time, the measurement will be
stopped.
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9.3 SpO2 Monitoring
9.3.1 Measuring Principle
Based on Lamber-Beer law, the light absorbance of a given substance is directly proportional
with its density or concentration. When the light with certain wavelength emits on human tissue,
the measured intensity of light after absorption, reflecting and attenuation in tissue can reflect the
structure character of the tissue by which the light passes. Due to that oxygenated hemoglobin
(HbO2) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (Hb) have different absorption character in the spectrum
range from red to infrared light (600nm~1000nm wavelength), by using these characteristics,
SpO2 can be determined. SpO2 measured by this monitor is the functional oxygen saturation -- a
percentage of the hemoglobin that can transport oxygen. In contrast, hemoximeters report
fractional oxygen saturation – a percentage of all measured hemoglobin, including dysfunctional
hemoglobin, such as carboxyhemoglobin or metahemoglobin.
9.3.2 SpO2 Measurement Restrictions (interference reason)
1. The fingers should be properly placed (see the attached illustration of this instruction manual), or else it
may cause inaccurate measurement result.
2. Make sure that capillary arterial vessel beneath the finger is penetrated through by red and infrared lights.
3. The SpO2 sensor should not be used at a location or limb tied with arterial or blood pressure cuff or
receiving intravenous injection.
4. Do not fix the SpO2 sensor with adhesive tape, or else it may result in venous pulsation and consequential
inaccurate measurement result of SpO2.
5. Make sure the optical path is free from any optical obstacles like adhesive tape.
6. Excessive ambient light may affect the measuring result. It includes fluorescent lamp, dual ruby light,
infrared heater, and direct sunlight etc.
7. Strenuous action of the subject or extreme electrosurgical interference may also affect the accuracy.
8. Please do not use the SpO2 sensor when having the MRI, or burn may be caused by faradism.
9. Always observe the plethysmogram (waveform), which is auto-scaled within the range of 100. The SpO2
reading may be unlikely true when the waveform is not smooth or irregular. If in doubt, rely on your
clinical judgment, rather than the monitor readout
10. A functional tester can not be used to assess the accuracy of the pulse oximeter monitor or a SpO2 sensor.
However, a functional tester, such as SpO2 simulator can be used to check how accurately a particular
pulse oximeter is reproducing the given calibration curve. Before testing the oximeter by a functional
tester, please firstly ask the manufacturer which calibration curve is used, if necessary, request the
manufacturer for its dedicated calibration curve and download it into the tester.
Clinical Limit
1. As the measure is taken on the basis of arteriole pulse, substantial pulsating blood stream of subject is
required. For a subject with weak pulse due to shock, low ambient/body temperature, major bleeding, or
use of vascular contracting drug, the SpO2 waveform (PLETH) will decrease. In this case, the
measurement will be more sensitive to interference.
2. For those with a substantial amount of staining dilution drug (such as methylene blue, indigo green and
acid indigo blue), or carbon monoxide hemoglobin (COHb), or methionine (Me+Hb) or thiosalicylic
hemoglobin, and some with icterus problem, the SpO2 determination by this monitor may be inaccurate.
3. The drugs such as dopamine, procaine, prilocaine, lidocaine and butacaine may also be a major factor
blamed for serious error of SpO2 measurements.
4. As the SpO2 value serves as a reference value for judgement of anemic anoxia and toxic anoxia, the
measurement result of some patients with serious anemia may also present as good SpO2 value.
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9.4 Respiration Monitoring
9.4.1 Measuring Principle
The air will be filled into alveolus or be expelled during respiration, and the chest’s volume changes with this
process. Because the conductivity of air is lower than body tissues, the chest’s impedance will be changed by
the inflation. With this specialization, the respiration can be monitored through putting safe current into body
and measuring the change of voltage between the electrodes. The product will transmit the high-frequency
current whose frequency is much higher than ECG frequency (but with the safe current limit) to the ECG
electrodes (placed at the both sides of chest), which can be detect ECG signal and chest’s impedance at the
same time, and the respiratory rate will be measured through impedance method by the software. So the
additional electrodes for respiratory measurement are unnecessary.
9.4.2 Factors affecting respiration monitoring

Place the white (RA) and red (LL) electrodes on the cross, if the line between two electrodes in liver
area or heart area, the artificial error may occur.

Respiration monitoring doesn’t support monitoring the patient who do much movement, or may lead to
wrong alarm.
9.5 Temperature Monitoring
The sensor is thermo-resistor type (25℃ 5kΩ) and is supplied with constant micro current. Calculating the
temperature of measured part through measuring the voltage. There is a period responding time, so the
accurate temperature value display after a while. The temperature monitoring can be divided into two
measuring method: measure through body surface temperature and through the temperature inside the body
cavity (placed in mouth or anus).
℃~ 37℃; inside body cavity: 36.5℃~ 37.7℃
Normal value: body surface: 36.5
Notes:

Attach the TEMP transducer to the patient; generally if the TEMP transducer and skin doesn’t contact
closely, the measured value becomes lower, so for those who have requirement for temperature, add a
proper martial to transducer and fix it with adhesive tape to make them contact firmly.

Especially for pediatric patient, they like sports, pay more attention to the transducer fixing.
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9.6 CO2 Monitoring
9.6.1 Measuring Principle
The principle is based on the fact that CO2 molecules absorb infrared light energy of specific wavelengths, with
the amount of energy absorbed being directly related to the CO2 concentration. When an IR light beam is passed
through a gas sample containing CO2, the electronic signal from a photodetector (which measures the remaining
light energy), can be obtained. This signal is then compared to the energy of the IR source, and calibrated to
accurately reflect CO2 concentration in the sample. To calibrated, the photodetector’s response to a known
concentration of CO2 is stored in the monitor’s memory.
The monitor determines CO2 concentration in the breathing gases by measuring the amount of light absorbed by
these gases.EtCO2 is display as a numerical value in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), percent (%), or kilopascals
(kPa). In addition, a CO2 waveform (capnogram) may be displayed which is a valuable clinical tool that can be
used to assess patient airway integrity and proper endotracheal tube placement. Respiration rate is calculated by
measuring the time interval between detected breaths.
9.6.2 Mainstream vs. Sidestream Sampling
Mainstream CO2 sensors are placed at the airway of an intubated patient, allowing the inspired and expired gas to
pass directly across the IR light path. The major advantages of mainstream sensors are fast response time and
elimination of water traps.
Sidestream CO2 sensors are located away from the airway, requiring a gas sample to be continuously aspirated
from the breathing circuit and transported to the sensor by means of a pump. This type of system is needed for
non-intubated patients.
When using mainstream CO2 sensors, check the window for the patient secretions pooled on periodically. Because
that condition may affect the accuracy of the measurement or even make the sensor not work.
When using sidestream CO2 sensors, there is a water trap or a part of the sampling tube with dehumidifying
function. Please periodically check the flow sensor and tubing for excessive moisture or secretion buildup.
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Chapter 10 Troubleshooting
Note: In case of trouble of this machine in service, follow the instructions below to eliminate the problem first. If
the attempt fails, contact the dealer in your local area or the manufacturer.

Do NOT open the monitor cabinet without permission
10.1 No Display on the Screen
Shut down the machine and unplug the power cable. Use a universal meter to check if the outlet has proper
voltage, if the power cable is in good condition, and if the power cable is properly connected with this apparatus
or outlet. Remove the fuse from the back cover of this machine, and make sure it is in good condition.
10.2 Excessive ECG Signal Interference or too Thick Baseline
1.
Check if the plate electrodes are properly located, and if valid plate electrodes are used.
2. Check whether the lead wires are properly inserted. If no ECG curve displayed, check if the ECG lead wires
are broken.
3.
Make sure the mains outlet has standard grounding wire.
4.
Check if the grounding wire of the apparatus properly grounded.
10.3 No Blood Pressure and Pulse Oxygen Measures
1. Check if the blood pressure cuff is properly wrapped around the arm according to the operating instructions, if
the cuff leaks, and if the inlet is closely connected with the NIBP jack on the side panel. Check if the indicator
of the pulse oxygen sensor flashes and if the pulse oxygen probe is properly connected to the SpO2 jack on the
side panel.
2. If the problems still exist, please contact the manufacturer.
10.4 System Alarm
1.
When the parameter value is higher or lower than the alarm limits, the alarm will ring. Please check whether
the alarm limit value is proper or the condition of the patient.
2.
Leads off. Please check the connection of the leads.
3. Probe off. Please check the connection of the probes.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 11 Maintenance
In case of trouble of this machine in the service, follow the instructions below to eliminate the problem first.
If the attempt fails, refer to the dealer in your local area or the manufacturer.
11.1 Service and Examination
11.1.1 Daily Examination
Before using the monitor, the checks below should be carried out:

Check the monitor for any mechanical damage;

Inspect the exposed parts and the inserted parts of all the leads, and the accessories;

Examine all the functions of the monitor that are likely to be used for patient monitoring, and ensure
that it is in good working condition;

Make sure that the monitor is grounded properly.

Pay close attention to the fluctuation of the local power supply voltage. A manostat is recommended
when necessary.
In case any indication of damage about the function of the monitor is detected and proven, it is not allowed to
apply it to the patient for any monitoring. Please contact the local dealer or our company, and we are to offer the
best solution as soon as possible for your satisfaction.
11.1.2 Routine Maintenance
After each maintenance or the yearly maintenance, the monitor can be thoroughly inspected by qualified
personnel, including function and safety examinations. The designed life of this monitor is 5 years. In order to
ensure its long service life, please pay attention to the maintenance.
 If the hospital fails to carry out a satisfactory maintenance program about the monitor, it may get
disabled and harm the patient’s safety and health.
 In case of ECG leads damage or aging, please replace the lead.
 If there is any indication of cable and transducer damage or they deteriorate, they are prohibited
from any further use.
 The adjustable units in the monitor such as potentiometer are not allowed to adjust without
permission to avoid unnecessary failures that affect normal application.
 It is recommended to use the battery once a month to ensure its strong power supply capacity and
long service life, and recharge it after run out of the power volume.
11.2 Battery Maintenance
 Please pay attention to the polarity of battery, do NOT insert it into battery compartment with
reversed polarities;
 Do NOT use the batteries manufactured by other companies, if being inserted, the device will may
be damaged;
 In order to avoid damaging the battery, do NOT use other power supply device to charge the
battery;
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
 After battery ageing phenomenon occurring, do NOT throw the battery into fire to avoid
explosion risk.
 Do not hit or strike it with force;
 Do not use this battery on other devices;
 Do not use this battery below -10℃ or above 40℃;
 Dispose of the battery, the local law should be followed.
 In order to maintain battery supply time and prolong battery lifetime, please charge the battery
every one or two months if don’t use battery for a long time. And do charge battery at least 12-15
hours every time. Before connect to AC, do start monitor with battery’s power supply, until
battery power is used up and monitor turn off automatically, then connect monitor to AC and
have it charged for 12-15 hours continuously. The speed of charge will be the same no matter
whether the monitor is working or not. The reason why discharge the battery before charge is to
avoid the decrease of capacity caused by battery’s memory effect. If the monitor won’t be used for
a long time, do have it charged fully before conservation.
 When starting the monitor by battery power only which is short of supply, monitor will turn off
automatically. In order to avoid the damage to battery caused by excessive discharge, please pay
attention to following. After monitor turns off automatically, there is still small drain current
inside battery, so it is suggested that user should press the power button again to cut off the power
supply. If battery keeps in a state of small drain current, battery will be damaged and can’t be
repaired because of excessive discharged.
 If battery is damaged, please replace with same type and specification battery marked by “CCC”
or “CE” in time, or contact the company directly.
11.3 Cleaning, Sterilization and Disinfection
 Switch off the monitor and disconnect the power cable before cleaning.

Kept the monitor from dust.

It is recommended to clean the outer shell and screen of the monitor to keep it clean. Only non-corrosive
cleanser such as clear water is permitted.

Wipe the surface of the monitor and transducers with an alcohol impregnated wipe, and dry it with dry
and clean wipe or simply air-dry.
 This monitor can be disinfected and sterilized, please clear the monitor first.
 Do not let the liquid cleanser flow into the connector jack of the monitor to avoid damage.
 Clean the exterior of the connector only.
 Dilute the cleanser.
 Do not use scrub materials.
 Do not let any liquid flow into the shell or any parts of the monitor.
 Do not let the cleanser and disinfectant stay on its surface.
 Do not perform high pressure sterilization to the monitor.
 Do not put any parts of the monitor or its accessories in the liquid.
 Do not pour the disinfector on its surface while sterilization.
 If the monitor is accidentally wetted it should be thoroughly dried before use. The rear cover can be
removed by qualified service technician to verify absence of water.
 Never use this machine in an environment with inflammable gas.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
 Avoid being hit by lightning. The power cable should be plugged into an outlet with grounding wire.
Do not use an outlet with poor condition. If possible, use power supply system with regulator.
 It must be used in a clean environment protected against shock. Keep it away from corrosive
substances, explosive substances, high temperature and dampness.
 If it is installed in a cabinet, make sure the installation allows for good ventilation, and easy
maintenance, observation and operation.
11.4 Cleaning, Sterilization and Disinfection of Accessories
It is recommended to clean the accessories (including sensor, leads and plugs) with a piece of gauze which has
been soaked in 75% Alcohol or 70% Ispropanol before use.
 Do not use damaged accessories.
 Accessories can not be entirely immerged into water, liquor or cleanser.
 Do not use radial, steam or epoxyethane to disinfect accessories.
 Do wipe off the remained alcohol or ispropanol on the accessories after disinfection, for good
maintanance can extend the life of accessories.
11.5 Storage
If the equipment will not be used for long period of time, wipe it clean and keep it in the packaging, which shall be
kept in a dry and good ventilation place free from dust and corrosive gases
Storage environment:
ambient temperature: -20~60°C
relative humidity: 10%~95%
atmosphere: 53kPa~106kPa
11.6 Transportation
This monitor should be transported by land (vehicle or railway) or air in accordance with the contractual terms.
Do not hit or drop it with force.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Chapter 12 Appendix
12.1 Alarm Information
Alarm Information
Descriptions
Over HR limit
Over RR limit
Over TEMP limit
Over SpO2 limit
Over PR limit
Over NIBP SYS limit
Over NIBP DIA limit
The related parameter value exceeds the preset high/low
alarm limit.
Over NIBP MAP limit
Over ST limit
Over NIBP PR limit
Unable to detect HR
Unable to detect SpO2
ECG cable and leads are connected to monitor and patient
well, but HR is unable to be detected. It may caused by
inconformity HR signal.
SpO2 probe is connected to monitor and patient well, but
SpO2 is unable to be detected. It may be caused by inconformity
SpO2 signal.
The battery capacity will exhaust
Low battery voltage
Lead Off
The ECG electrodes or cable fell off
Probe Off
SpO2 probe fell off
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
12.2 Default Alarming Values and Setup Range
The default alarming value:
Mode
Parameter
Heart Rate
Respiration
Temperature
Systolic
NIBP
Diastolic
MAP
SpO2
Pulse Rate
ST Segment
Temperature Difference
SYS
Arterial
Pressure
DIA
MAP
SYS
Pulmonary
Artery
Pressure
DIA
MAP
SYS
Central
Venous
Pressure
DIA
MAP
Respiration
Rate
CO2
EtCO2
InsCO2
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High Limit
Low Limit
Range
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
Adult
Infant
Neonate
180 bpm
40 bpm
40 rpm
10 rpm
39 ℃
35 ℃
180 mmHg
60 mmHg
120 mmHg
50 mmHg
160 mmHg
50 mmHg
100%
90%
180 bpm
40 bpm
+1.00mV
-1.00mV
2℃
200mmHg
10mmHg
200mmHg
10mmHg
200mmHg
10mmHg
120mmHg
10mmHg
120mmHg
10mmHg
120mmHg
10mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
40 rpm
10 rpm
70 mmHg
10 mmHg
10 mmHg
0 mmHg
200 bpm
50 bpm
50 rpm
10 rpm
39 ℃
35 ℃
130 mmHg
50 mmHg
90 mmHg
40 mmHg
110 mmHg
40 mmHg
100%
85%
200 bpm
50 bpm
+1.00mV
-1.00mV
2 ℃
160mmHg
10mmHg
160mmHg
10mmHg
160mmHg
10mmHg
100mmHg
10mmHg
100mmHg
10mmHg
100mmHg
10mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
50 rpm
10 rpm
70 mmHg
10 mmHg
10 mmHg
0 mmHg
220 bpm
50 bpm
60 rpm
10 rpm
39 ℃
35 ℃
110 mmHg
50 mmHg
90 mmHg
30 mmHg
100 mmHg
30 mmHg
100%
85%
220 bpm
50 bpm
+1.00mV
-1.00mV
2 ℃
140mmHg
10mmHg
140mmHg
10mmHg
140mmHg
10mmHg
90mmHg
10mmHg
90mmHg
10mmHg
90mmHg
10mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
30mmHg
0mmHg
60 rpm
10 rpm
70 mmHg
10 mmHg
10 mmHg
0 mmHg
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
The high and low limits setting range:
Mode
Parameter
Heart Rate
Respiration
Temperature
Systolic
Diastolic
Mean
SpO2
Pulse Rate
ST Segment
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High Limit
Low Limit
Temperature Difference
Systolic
Arterial
Pressure
Diastolic
Mean
Systolic
Pulmonary
Artery
Pressure
Diastolic
Mean
Systolic
Central
Venous
Pressure
Diastolic
Mean
Respiration
Rate
CO2
EtCO2
InsCO2
High limit
Low limit
li limit
i
High
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
High limit
Low limit
li
i lilimit
i
High
Low limit
Adult
Infant
Neonate
1~300bpm
0~299bpm
1~120rpm
0~119rpm
0.1~50°C
0~49. 9°C
31~270 mmHg
30~269 mmHg
11~232 mmHg
10~231 mmHg
21~242 mmHg
20~241 mmHg
1~100%
0~99%
1~300bpm
0~299bpm
-2.49Mv~+2.49mV
-2.49mV~+2.49mV
0.0~5.0℃
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(1~120)rpm
(0~119)rpm
(1~100)mmHg
(0~99)mmHg
(1~30)mmHg
(0~29)mmHg
1~350bpm
0~349bpm
1~150rpm
0~149rpm
0.1~50°C
0~49. 9°C
31~200 mmHg
30~199 mmHg
11~150 mmHg
10~149 mmHg
21~165 mmHg
20~164 mmHg
1~100%
0~99%
1~350bpm
0~349bpm
-2.49mV~+2.49mV
-2.49mV~+2.49mV
0.0~5.0℃
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(1~150)rpm
(0~149)rpm
(1~100) mmHg
(0~99) mmHg
(1~30) mmHg
(0~29) mmHg
1~350bpm
0~349bpm
1~150rpm
0~149rpm
0.1~50°C
0~49. 9°C
31~135 mmHg
30~134 mmHg
11~100 mmHg
10~99 mmHg
21~110 mmHg
20~109 mmHg
1~100%
0~99%
1~350bpm
0~349bpm
-2.49mV~+2.49mV
-2.49mV~+2.49mV
0.0~5.0℃
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~250)mmHg
(0~249)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(1~120)mmHg
(0~119)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(-9~40)mmHg
(-10~39)mmHg
(1~150)rpm
(0~149)rpm
(1~100) mmHg
(0~99) mmHg
(1~30) mmHg
(0~29) mmHg
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
12.3 Abbreviation of Arrhythmia
1.
ECG TACHY
2.
ECG BRADY
3.
ECG VPCEST
4.
MISS BEAT
5.
VE EARLY
6.
SVE EARLY
7.
VE COUPLET
8.
SVE COUPLET
9.
VE RUN
10. SVE RUN
11. VE SHORT RUN
12. SVE SHORT RUN
13. VE BIGEMINY
14. SVE BIGEMINY
15. VE TRIGEMINY
16. SVE TRIGEMINY
17. VE INSERT
18. SVE INSERT
19. VE RONT
20. SVE RONT
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
12.4 Status/Error during NIBP Monitoring
“Cuff error”
—cuff is not wrapped correctly, or is not connected
“Air leak”
—Air moving part, tube or the cuff leak air.
“Pressure error”
—Unstable cuff pressure or tangled cuff tubing
“Signal weak”
—Very weak signal because of the cuff, or the patient has very weak pulse
“Over extent”
—The measurement range exceeds 255 mmHg (Infant patient over 135 mmHg)
“Over motion”
—The repeated measurement due to moving, excessive noise during the stepping inflation
and measuring pressure and pulse, e.g. during patient shaking motion
“Signal overflow”
—Blood pressure amplifier overflow due to excessive movement
“Leak in gas run”
—Leaking during the pneumatic device testing
“System error”
—Abnormal condition of CPU, such as register overflow, divided by zero
“Adult”
—The blood pressure measuring now is in adult mode. In this case, it is not allowed to
monitoring infant or neonatal patient. Otherwise, there may be serious danger to the
infant monitored.
“Infant”
—The blood pressure module is now worked in infant measuring mode.
“PROBE OFF”
—SpO2 probe fell off
“LEADS OFF”
—The ECG electrodes or cable fell off
“LEARNING”
—Learning arrhythmia for 15 seconds
“DEMO”
—The monitor is displaying the demo waveforms, which are generated by the monitor itself.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
12.5 Status/Error during CO2 Monitoring
Suggested Message/Response
Description
“Sensor Over Temp”
Make sure sensor is not exposed to extreme heat
(heat lamp, etc.). If error persists, return sensor to
factory for servicing.
The sensor temperature is greater than 40 °C.
“Sensor Faulty”
Check that the sensor is properly plugged in.
Reinsert or reset the sensor if necessary. If error
persists, return sensor to factory for servicing
One of the following conditions exist:
Source Current Failure,
EEPROM Checksum Faulty,
Hardware Error
No Parameter Message
The host must set the Barometric Pressure and
compensations to clear this error; no user
intervention should be required.
Barometric Pressure and/or gas compensations have not
been set since power on. For CO2 to be calculated with the
stated accuracy, these values should be set whenever the
sensor is plugged in.
“Module in Sleep Mode”
This bit is set when sensor has been placed in sleep mode.
“Zero In Progress “
A Module Zero is currently in progress.
“Sensor Warm Up”
This error condition is normal at startup. This error
should clear when the warm up is complete.
“Check Sampling Line”
Check that the sampling line is not occluded or
kinked.
“Zero Required”
To clear, check airway adapter and clean if
necessary. If this does not correct the error, perform
an adapter zero. If you must adapter zero more than
once, a possible hardware error may exist.
One of the following conditions exist:
Sensor under temperature
Temperature not stable
Source Current unstable
This error occurs whenever the pneumatic pressure is
outside the expected range.
One of the following conditions exist:
Zero Required;
Zero Required: Zero Error
“CO2 Out of Range”
If error persists, perform a zero.
The value being calculated is greater than the upper CO2
limit (150 mmHg, 20.0 kPa, or 19.7 %). The maximum
value output is the upper CO2 limit.
“Check Airway Adapter”
To clear, clean airway adapter if mucus or moisture
is seen. If the adapter is clean, perform a Capnostat
zero.
Usually caused when the airway adapter is removed from
the sensor or when there is an optical blockage on the
windows of the airway adapter. May also be caused by
failure to perform sensor zero to when adapter type is
changed.
The Sensor
not Ready
This is prompted if the CO2 sensor is not ready for a Capnostat Zero.
If the “Zero Required” and this massage both prompt message both
promptone or more of the following conditions may exist:
• Breaths detected
• Temperature is not stable
• Source Current unstable
• In sleep mode.
Zero in already progress
Normal zero calibration is in already progress.
Zero Fault and Breaths Detected
Zero attempted and breaths have been detected in the last
20 seconds.
Zero Ok
Zero calibration is successful
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
12.6 Typical Pressures and CO2 Readings at Altitudes
Altitude
Barometric
Pressure(mmHg)
EtCO2 Reading
(%)
(mmHg)
0m
760
5
38.0
70m
754
5
37.7
100m
751
5
37.5
200m
743
5
37.1
1500m
641
5
32.0
3000m
537
5
26.8
5000m
420
5
21.0
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
12.7 Accessories List
Part No.
Part Name
Remark
15010513
ECG cable
5101-0101310
ECG electrode
15044051
Adult SpO2 Finger clip Sensor
15044061
Adult SpO2 Finger rubber Sensor
Optional
15044041
Pediatric SpO2 Finger clip Sensor
Optional
15024402
Adult NIBP cuff(25~35cm)
15021402
Small-sized Pediatric NIBP Cuff
Optional
15022402
Middle-sized Pediatric NIBP Cuff
Optional
15023402
Large-sized Pediatric NIBP
Optional
15084120
Skin TEMP probe
15100420
CO2 Mainstream sensor
Optional for mainstream
15100411
Adult airway adapter
Optional for mainstream
15100421
Pediatric airway adapter
Optional for mainstream
15100410
CO2 Sidestream sensor
Optional for sidestream
15100130
Sampling line kit
Optional for sidestream
15100214
Extending airway tube
Optional for sidestream
15100210
Wye connector
Optional for sidestream
2903-0000000
Power cord
900093
Net wire
For more information regarding the accessories, please contact your local sales representative or the
manufacturer.
Note: Part no. is subject to change without prior notice, please refer to the label of parts or packlist.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
12.8 Instructions for SpO2 Probe
Instructions for Pediatric SpO2 Finger Clip Sensor
Intended Use
When used with a compatible patient monitor or a pulse oximeter device, the sensor is intended to be used for
continuous, non-invasive functional arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and pulse rate monitoring for pediatric
patients weighing between 10~40kg.
Contraindications
This sensor is contraindicated for use on active patients or for prolonged use.
Instructions for Use
1)
With the upper and lower jaws open, place an index finger evenly on the base of the clip. Push the finger
tip against the stop so that it is over the sensor window (A). If an index finger cannot be positioned
correctly, or is not available, other fingers can be used.
2)
Note: When selecting a sensor site, priority should be given to an extremity free of an arterial catheter,
blood pressure cuff, or intravascular infusion line.
3)
Spread open the rear tabs of the sensor to provide even force over the length of the pads (B).
4)
The sensor should be oriented in such a way that the cable is positioned along the top of the hand (C).
5)
Plug the sensor into the
oximeter and verify proper
operation as described in
the user manual.
6)
Inspect the monitoring site
every 1~2 hours for skin integrity.
7)
Before each use, surface-clean sensor and cable with a soft gauze pad by saturating it with a solution such
as 70% isopropyl alcohol. If low-level disinfection is required, use a 1:10 bleach solution.
Caution: Do not sterilize by irradiation steam, or ethylene oxide.
Warnings
1)
Some factors may affect the accuracy of saturation measurements. Such factors include: excessive patient
motion, fingernail polish, use of intravascular dyes, excessive light, poor blood perfusion in the finger,
extreme finger sizes or improper placement of the sensor.
2)
Using the sensor in the presence of bright lights may result in inaccurate measurements. In such cases,
cover the sensor site with an opaque material.
3)
The sensor must be moved to a new site at least every 3 hours. Because individual skin condition affects
the ability of the skin to tolerate sensor placement, it may be necessary to change the sensor site more
frequently with some patients. If skin integrity changes, move the sensor to another site.
4)
Do not apply tape to secure the sensor in place or to tape it shut; venous pulsation may lead to inaccurate
saturation measurements.
5)
Do not immerse sensor as it causes short.
6)
Do not use NIBP or other constructing instruments on same appendage as sensor for blood flow
interrupted by NIBP cuff or circulatory patient condition will result in no pulse found or loss of pulse.
7)
Do not use the sensor or other oximetry sensors during MRI scanning.
8)
Carefully route cables to reduce the possibility of patient entanglement or strangulation.
9)
Do not alter or modify the sensor. Alterations or modifications may affect performance or accuracy.
10) Do not use the sensor if the sensor or the sensor cable appears damaged.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Instructions for Adult SpO2 Finger Rubber Sensor
Intended Use
When used with a compatible patient monitor or a pulse oximeter device, this SpO2 sensor is intended to be
used for continuous, non-invasive functional arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and pulse rate monitoring for
patients weighing greater than 50kg.
Contraindications
This sensor is contraindicated for use on active patients or for prolonged use.
Instructions for Use
1)
Hold the sensor with its opening towards the patient’s index finger (A). The sensor should be oriented
in such a way that the sensor side with a finger tip sign is positioned on the top.
2)
Insert the patient’s index finger into the sensor until the fingernail tip rests against the stop at the end of
the sensor. Adjust the finger to be placed evenly on the middle base of the sensor. Direct the cable along
the top of the patient’s hand. Apply adhesive tape to secure the cable (B). If an index finger cannot be
positioned correctly, or
is not available, other
fingers can be used.
3)
Plug the sensor into the
oximeter and verify
proper operation as
described in the user
manual.
4)
Inspect the monitoring site every 1~2 hours for skin integrity.
Cleaning & Disinfection
Unplug the sensor before cleaning or disinfecting. Surface-clean sensor and cable with a soft gauze pad by
saturating it with a solution such as 70% isopropyl alcohol. If low-level disinfection is required, use a 1:10
bleach solution.
Caution: Do not sterilize by irradiation steam, or ethylene oxide.
Warnings
1)
This sensor is for use only with compatible patient monitors or pulse oximeter devices. Use of this
sensor with instruments other than compatibles may result in improper performance.
2)
Some factors may affect the accuracy of saturation measurements. Such factors include: excessive patient
motion, fingernail polish, use of intravascular dyes, excessive light, poorly perfused finger, extreme
finger sizes or improper placement of the sensor.
3)
The sensor site must be checked for skin integrity at least every 1~2 hours. Because individual skin
condition affects the ability of the skin to tolerate sensor placement, it may be necessary to change the
sensor to another finger.
4)
Do not use NIBP or other constructing instruments on same appendage as sensor for blood flow
interrupted by NIBP cuff or circulatory patient condition will result in no pulse found or loss of pulse. Do
not use the sensor during MRI scanning.
5)
Carefully route cables to reduce the possibility of patient entanglement or strangulation.
6)
Do not alter or modify the sensor. Alterations or modifications may affect performance or accuracy.
7)
Do not use the sensor if the sensor or the sensor cable appears damaged.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
Instructions for Adult SpO2 Finger Clip Sensor
Intended Use
When used with a compatible patient monitor or a pulse oximeter device, the sensor is intended to be used for
continuous, non-invasive functional arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and pulse rate monitoring for patients
weighing greater than 40kg.
Contraindications
This sensor is contraindicated for use on active patients or for prolonged use.
Instructions for Use
1)
With the upper and lower jaws open, place an index finger evenly on the base of the clip. Push the
finger tip against the stop so that it is over the sensor window (A). If an index finger cannot be positioned
correctly, or is not available, other fingers can be used.
2)
Note: When selecting a sensor site, priority should be given to an extremity free of an arterial catheter,
blood pressure cuff, or intravascular infusion line.
3)
Spread open the rear
tabs of the sensor to
provide even force over
the length of the pads
(B).
4)
The sensor should be
oriented in such a way
that the cable is positioned along the top of the hand (C).
5)
Plug the sensor into the oximeter and verify proper operation as described in the user manual.
6)
Inspect the monitoring site every 1~2 hours for skin integrity.
7)
Before each use, surface-clean sensor and cable with a soft gauze pad by saturating it with a solution such
as 70% isopropyl alcohol. If low-level disinfection is required, use a 1:10 bleach solution.
Caution: Do not sterilize by irradiation steam, or ethylene oxide.
Warnings
1)
Some factors may affect the accuracy of saturation measurements. Such factors include: excessive
patient motion, fingernail polish, use of intravascular dyes, excessive light, poorly perfused finger,
extreme finger sizes or improper placement of the sensor.
2)
Using the sensor in the presence of bright lights may result in inaccurate measurements. In such cases,
cover the sensor site with an opaque material.
3)
The sensor must be moved to a new site at least every 3 hours. Because individual skin condition affects
the ability of the skin to tolerate sensor placement, it may be necessary to change the sensor site more
frequently with some patients. If skin integrity changes, move the sensor to another site.
4)
Do not apply tape to secure the sensor in place or to tape it shut; venous pulsation may lead to inaccurate
saturation measurements.
5)
Do not immerse sensor as it causes short.
6)
Do not use NIBP or other constructing instruments on same appendage as sensor for blood flow
interrupted by NIBP cuff or circulatory patient condition will result in no pulse found or loss of pulse.
7)
Do not use the sensor or other oximetry sensors during MRI scanning.
8)
Carefully route cables to reduce the possibility of patient entanglement or strangulation.
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User Manual for Patient Monitor
9)
Do not alter or modify the sensor. Alterations or modifications may affect performance or accuracy.
10) Do not use the sensor if the sensor or the sensor cable appears damaged.
Creative offers a 6-momth warranty against manufacturing defects for the SpO2 sensors
mentioned above in its undamaged condition.
If you have any question regarding any of SpO2 sensor instructions, please contact
info @ creative-sz.com, or your local dealer.
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