shlndalwa
NUMBER 7
SHINDAIWA
STRAIGHT SHAFT
TRIMMERS AND
BRUSHCUnERS
YSTHE
COMPETITION
Shindaiwa 230 , 260, 270, 350 Series
vs
Echo, Stihl, Husqvarna
shlndalwa WHY Bur ASHINDAIWA TRIMMERlBRUSHCUTTER? The ultimate commercial trimmer/
brushcutter would be ruggedly built, yet
light in weight; powerful as well as de­
pendable; and very comfortable in all­
day use. In other words, it would be ex­
actly like a Shindaiwa T230, T260, T270,
or 1350.
Shindaiwa is known around the world
as a leader in the design and manufac­
ture of pro-quality, power landscaping
tools. This reputation is based on Shin­
daiwa's tradition of developing products
rated highest in horsepower, lightest in
weight.
They're sturdy too. Our high quality
compone nts and exceptionally close
control of manufacturing tolerances yield
products that are incredibly durable .
Shindaiwa equipment is renowned for
giving peak performance , day after day,
in tough commercial applications
Shindaiwa performance and durability
are the result of time-tested technical tra­
ditions combined with modern engineer­
ing principies and state-of-the-art con­
struction materials .
Our workhorse two-stroke trimmer/
brushcutter engines are Pro-Tuned to de­
liver maximum torque at mid-range oper­
ating speeds . This gives our equipment
an edge in performance because the
mid-range is where trimmers/brushcut­
ters operate most of the time.
AII Shindaiwa trimmers/brushcutters
are engineered for extended, trouble­
free performance . Yet, should service be­
come necessary, they are designed for
simple, cost-effective repair.
Furthermore, Shindaiwa products are
sold exclusively through qualified , servic­
ing , power equipment dealers. This
means the parts and know-how are al­
ways there to keep your Shindaiwa trim­
mer/brushcutter running like new.
The competition may think it's in the
same league as Shindaiwa, but a careful
analysis tells a different story. This book­
let offers a detailed comparison of Shin­
daiwa Models T230, T260, T270, T350,
and their closest competitors: Echo
SRM-2400, SRM-3100S, SRM-3400;
Husqvarna 225L, 232L, 235R; and Stihl
FS-76, FS-88, FS-108.
Consider the evidence and see if you
don't agree : Shindaiwa trimmers/brush­
cutters deliver the best performance,
durability and value.
NOTE: This camparisan was based an madels available in the US.A at the time af printing. Madels, descriptians, and specifications may vary in other countries. Al! specifications subject to change withaut n atice. WHY SHINDAIWA ENGINES ARE MORE POWERFUL: CONTENTS "How does Shindaiwa. get so
much more power from engines
that are often smaller than the
competition?"
• Why Buy A Shindaiwa? . . . . . . . . . .
1
• High Performance Engines .. .....
3
• Performance Comparison . . . . . . . .
4
• Carburetors ...................
6
• Fuel Tanks And Mountings .......
8
"Why do Shindaiwa engines last
so long?"
Good questions-We hear them quite
often.
• Mufflers . .. .... . .. . . .. ...... . .
lO • Orive Clutches .............. ..
12 • Flywheels ...... ..............
14 • Crankshafts/Rods/Pistons .... . . .
16
• Crankcases ..... ... ...... .. ..
18
And it's true ; Shindaiwa packs a lot of
muscle in some pretty small packages.
And , they do seem to last forever.
'he Re/ationship Between
Displatement And Power .. .
• Outer Tubes .... .... ........ ..
22 • Mainshafts . ..... .. . ...... . ...
24
• Serviceability .. ...............
26 • Specifications . . .. .. . ... . . . . ...
28
What About Durability?
Since de-tuned engines use compo­
nents made of low cost materials, they
simply can't hold up to the demands of
professional users.
They trade durability for price.
You measure durability by how long
the
engine lasts and how many hours of
There really isn 't one. There 's no hard­
seNice
it delivers between overhauls.
and-fast rule that says the bigger the dis­
placement , the greater the power. A two­
Those numbers are a little tougher to
stroke engine of given displacement can
quantify because operating conditions
produce a wide range of power outputs
vary so widely. However, our experience
simply by varying:
tells us that high-performance engines­
the ones with high power/weight ratios
• Compression Ratio
and high specific outputs-are the ones
• Port Size , Shape and Timing
that last longer (provided they are built
with top quality components).
• Carburetion
• Exhaust/Muffler
• Anti-Vibration Systems ... ... .. . . 20
Another measure is "specific output, "
wh ich is the ratio 01 the engine's power
output to its displacement. Operators
want high horsepower-to-displacement
(hp/cc) values-numbers associated
with higher tuned engines.
When You Chedc Out
'he Numbers ...
Some equipment manufacturers use
low-cost components and construction
methods to achieve a lower price. To off­
Shindaiwa engines destroy the com­
set resulting losses in performance, they
petition with unrivaled power/weight and
simply increase engine displacement.
specific output ratios . We set the stand­
ard
for two-stroke performance through
They trade weight for power.
uncompromising engineering, incredibly
One way to measure this tradeoff is
tight manufacturing tolerances, and use
by the "power/weight ratio, " a compari­
of the finest materials available.
son of the engine weight to its output in
In the long haul, Shindaiwa trimmer/
horsepower.
brushcutters offer the best value.
Obviously, trimmer operators want
high power and low weight.
POWER-TO-WEIGHT RATIO
PERFORMANCE COMPARISON (Horsepower per Pound)
ce
Shindaiwa T230
MODEL
HP
LBS.
When considered separately, factors
Echo SRM-2400 such as cutting swath, engine displace­
9.7
22.5
1.10
Shindaiwa T230
ment and horsepower offer little help in
Stihl FS-76 'comparing trimmer/b rushcutter perform­
23.6
1.05
12 .0
Echo SRM-2400
Shindaiwa T260
ance .
110
11 .0
23.9
Stihl FS-76
Echo SRM-2501S
The best way to make an apples-to­
Husqvarna 225L 24.1
11 .0
1.40
Shindaiwa T260
apples comparison is to put the most
Stihl FS-88 relevant factors-horsepower, weight,
24.4
Echo SRM-2501 S
1.10
13.5
and displacement-into ratios.
Shindaiwa T270
..J,
r
Husqvarna 225L
The power-to-weight ratio shows the
amount of horsepower generated per
pound of weight. Machines with higher
ratios are the ones most powerful for
their weight. They get the job done
fa ster and with greater comfort since
they deliver the highest power per
pound.
25.0
1.20
11 .7
Echo SRM-3100S
Husqvarna 232L
Stihl FS-88
25.4
1.20
15.0
Shindaiwa T270
27 .2
1.50
12.3
Echo SRM-3100S
30 .5
1.20
15 .0
Husqvarna 232L
30 .8
1.47
12.8
Shindaiwa T350
33.6
1.80
14.9
,
]
I
.:::::J
Shindaiwa T350
Echo SRM-3400
I
Stihl FS-108 Husqvarna 235R
Specific output shows the relationship
between an engine's power rating and
Echo SRM-3400
34.0
1.35
15.9
its displacement. The higher the figure ,
Stihl FS-108
34.4
1.50
15.6
the more power per cc . A high ratio iden­
tifies an engine that is engineered and
Husqvarna 235R
15.6
36.3
1.70
tuned for peak performance. In general,
Shindaiwa T230
high performance engines are better
(The information in this table was derived
Echo SRM-2400
made and more apt to endure in tough,
from manufacturers ' sales literature, trade pub­
extended use. This is especially true of
lications, and test data published by government
Stihl FS-76
agencies. While these figures were as accurate
Shindaiwa engines because they are
Shindaiwa T260
as possible atthe time ofpublication, /hey are
well made, and they incorporate the
subject to change w ithout notice. )
Echo SRM-2501S
highest quality materials.
J
o
0.05
0.1
0.15
SPECIFIC OUTPUT
Husqvarna 225L
The adjacent table shows displace­
Stihl FS-88
ment, horsepower and weight of 14
popular commercial trimmer/brushcutter
Shindaiwa T270
models. Respective power-to-weight
Echo SRM-3100S
and specific output ratios are illustrated
Husqvarna 232L
in the graphs on page 5.
Shindaiwa T350
As these graphs reveal, Shindaiwa
Echo SRM-3400
products lead each displacement class
in power-to-weight and specific output.
Stihl FS- 108
(Horsepower per tt)
J
I
I
I
I
I
,
I
I
I
I
I
Husqvarna 235R
o
A
0.25
0.05
0.75
HUSQVARNA 232L
Butterf/y-type carburetor.
No primer pump.
CARBURETORS
Vital Conterns:
Spetifitations:
• Is the carburetor capa­
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
ble of super-precise fuel
AII but the T230 employ TK OP-series slide valve
and air metering for
carburetors. The T230 has a Walbro WYL rotary
smooth performance
valve carburetor.
and control at any throt­
tle setting?
AII Shindaiwa intake systems are primer-equipped. ECHO SRM-3100S
Butterf/y-type carburetor
with primer pump.
Boot slips
on cy/inder
(no clamp).
/
Carburetors isolated by a 27 mm thick insulator block
• Is the carbu retor iso­
(except T230: 25 mm) .
lated from cylinder heat
by a thick, insulator
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-31 OOS / SRM-3400
block?
STIHL FS-88
AI I use butterfly-type carburetors with primer pumps.
• Ooes the carburetor
have an on-board or in­
AII are isolated by a 22 mm insulator block.
line primer pump for
easy starting?
Husqvarna 225L / 232L / 235R
AII use butterfly-type carburetors with no primer pump .
AII are isolated by a thin , rubber boot that slips anta the
cylinder intake port (no clamp) .
SHINDAIWA T270
Slíde va/ve carburetor wíth Stihl FS-76/ FS-88 / FS-108
AII use butterfly-type carburetors. None have primer
pumps (except FS-76)
AII are isolated by a 23 mm insulator block.
Analysis:
SHINDAIWA T230
Rotary va/ve
carburetor with
primer pump.
Only Shindaiwa uses slide-valve and rotary-valve carburetors for opti­
mum performance at any throttle setting. They are ideal for trimmer/brushcutter en­
gines because the ir air/fuel metering is so precisely controlled. This mean s better per­
formance , especially at mid-range RPM, where trimmer/brushcutters most often runo
Thick insu/ator
.
/
blocks
to mid-range applications . They are more appropriate on chain saws and other prod­ reduce
./
heat transfer.
ucts used primarily at wide-ope n-throttle. Butterfly-type carburetors are not used on
Less expensive, standard butterfly-type carburetors are not as well suited
Shindaiwa-built trimmers and brushcutte rs.
Only Shindaiwa and Echo models are 100% primer-equipped. Primers
purge air from carburetor passageways to expedite starting.
Shindaiwa uses the thickest insulator blocks to assure minimal heat transfer
and risk of vapor-Iock.
e
~
Butterf/y-type
carburetor.
Nopump.
HUSQVARNA 225L, 232L & 235R
Opaque plastic tank
is part of engine
housing.
FUfL TANKS AND MOUNTINGS
Vital Concerns:
Specilications:
• Is the tank mounted
via cushions to prevent
breakage and reduce vibration-induced fuel
aeration?
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
AII Shindaiwa fue l tanks are mounted via rubber cushions,
or straps, and have remote vents and cork cap gaskets. ECHO SRM-2400
Screws hold
tank against
crankcase.
Tank capacity (oz.)/filler opening (mm): T230-17.6/29;
T260-20.3/29; T270-21.0/29; T350-34.0/30.
• Is the tan k large
enough to sustain ex­
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-3100S / SRM-3400
tended work sessions?
SRM-2400 has bolt-on tank and cap vent; others are
• Does the filler neck
cushion-mounted with remote vents. AII cap gaskets
have a large and unob­
made of rubber compound.
structed opening for
Tank
capacity (oz.)/fill er opening (mm): SRM-2400­
easy refueling?
14.2/27 ; SRM-31 00S-27.1 /28 ; SRM-3400-27.1/28.
• Is the tank made of
see-through plastic for
Husqvarna 225L / 232L / 235R
easy fuel checking and
filling without spills?
Fuel tanks are part of engine housing; no anti-vibration . AII
have vented caps with rubber compound gaskets.
• Is the tank vent re­
Tank
capacity (oz.)/filler opening (mm): 225L-20.8/27 ; mote to reduce the
232L-20.8/27;
235R-208/27
mess and trouble asso­
vento
ciated with cap vents?
• Is the cap gasket
made of swell-resistant
cork?
Stihl FS-76/ FS-88 / FS-108
Some models have bolt-on tanks (FS-88 and FS-1 08) ,
while others (FS-76) are cushion-mounted. AII have
vented caps with rubber compound gaskets.
Tank capacity (oz.)/filler opening (mm) FS-76-13.8/27;
FS-88-23. 2/29; FS-1 08-232/28
Analysis:
Only Shindaiwa has 100% cushion-mounted tanks, which are less apt to
crack or break than bolt-on designs. Cushioned mounts reduce vibration-generated
bubbles that, when ingested, can cause lean running and possible engine damage.
Shindaiwa tanks are larger than average, for extended running, and easy to
fill, thanks their well-exposed , large-diameter filler necks. Husqvarna's dark plastic
tanks hide fuel status and are harder to fill without spi ll s. Vapors from spilled fue l are
a significant emissions source and cause for environmental concern.
Shindaiwa's fuel cap gaskets are made of cork, which is less apt to swell
and stick shut compared to other gasket materials. AII Shindaiwa tanks have remote
vents, so their caps are void of vents that ooze fuel or plug with debris .
8
SHINDAIWA T270
Tank cushioned by
rubber mounts.
Cork gasket
resists swelling.
Vented
cap.
9
Screws hold tank
to crankcase.
MUFFLERS
Vit,,1 Con(erns:
Spedli("tions:
• Is the muffler a sturdy
one-piece assembly for
optimum integrity and
serviceability?
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
• Are the muffler mount­
ing bolts easy to
access?
• Does the spark ar­
restor screen have exter­
nal access lor easy fie ld
maintenance?
AII models have one-piece mufflers, he Id fast via two exter­
nal mounting screws and abrace screw (al l Allen)
HUSQVARNA 225L
Multi-píeee muffler
with external spark sereen.
ECHO SRM-2400
Multi-pieee muffler.
Tubular spark arrestar screen , which slides into outlet
tube, is secured by a sing le Philli ps screw.
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-31 OOS / SRM-3400
SRM-2400 has 13-piece muffler with two internal mount­
ing screws (Al len) and abrace screw (Phil lips/slot
combo) . Other models have one-piece muffler with
external mounting screws and abrace screw (al l Allen) .
AII models have internal spark arrestor screen. Must re­
move muffler cover (SRM-2400) or cover plate (SRM­
3100S/SRM-3400) to access. This involves four combo
screws . SRM-3100S and SRM-3400 use two additional
screws to secure screen .
Internal
spark
sereen.
/
Husqvarna 225L / 232L / 235R
AII models have an eight-piece muffler with two external
Allen mounting screws and no bracing .
STIHL FS-76
One-pieee bady
plus ather parts.
Spark arrestor screen is external , but muffler mounting
screws and outlet cover must be loosened to service .
Stihl FS-76/ FS-88 / FS-108
SHINDAIWA T260
One-pieee muffler.
AII models have a one-piece outer shell plus seven (FS­
76) or eight (FS-88/ FS- 108) other parts. Mounting in­
volves two internal screws and abrace screw (all Torx) .
Internal
-spark
sereen.
Internal spark arrestor screen is housed under cover plate
(four Torx screws) .
An"lysis:
Shindaiwa's one-piece muffler is much simpler and easier to service than
the competition 's complex, multi-piece systems, and less likely to vibrate loose.
Tapered Shindaiwa muffler allows shorter-than-average external mounting
screws , which are less apt to wark loose .
For top performance, the spark arrestor must be clean. Yet only Shindaiwa
provides lar fast , easy spark arrestor maintenance .
1n
Easy-aeeess
_ _ _ _ _ external spark sereen.
11
HUSQVARNA 235R
Three-shoe, loop -spring clutch
threads anta crankshaft.
DRIVE eLureRES
Vital Concerns:
Specilicafions:
• Do clutch shoes have
a broad surface area for
positive engagement
and long wear?
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
• Is the clutch body
made from heat and
wear-resistant
powdered metal?
• Is the clutch mounted
to the flywhee l for better
crankshaft security and
ease of service? Or, is it
attached to the end of
the crankshaft?
AII but the T350 have two-s hoe , single spring clutches
with bonded surface and 1,692 sq . mm average
contact area . T350 sports heavy-duty four-shoe clutch
(1 ,760 sq. mm) with hookless compression springs
STIHL FS-76
Two-shoe, two-spring clutch
threads anta crankshaft.
/
AII are flywheel-mounted and made of powdered metal.
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-3100S / SRM-3400
SRM-2400 has two-s hoe, two-spring clutch . SRM-3100S
and SRM-3400 have two-shoe , one-spring type.
Average contact area is 1,780 sq . mm .
SRM-2400 mounts to crankshaft, others to flywheel. AII
have cast zinc alloy bodies and bonded shoes .
• Are clutch parts
Husqvarna 225L / 232L / 235R
scaled to match the
loads applied by differ­
225L and 232L have two-shoe , two-spring , clutches . 235R
ent displacement
has three-shoe, single loop spring design oAverage
engines?
contact area is 1,464 sq . mm. Shoes are not bonded .
Powdered
metal
body.
\ ,1"
ECHO SRM-3400
ECHO SRM-2400
Two -shoe, two-spring clutch
threads
anta
crankshaft.
f3J
~AhM
I
'""
AII have powdered metal bodies and mount to crankshaft.
SHINDAIWA T230
. Two-shoe, single­
Two-shoe, single-spring
spring clutch
mounts to
clutch mounts to flywheel.
FS-76 and FS-88 have two-shoe, two-spring clutches . FS­
flywheel.
108 is two-shoe , one-spring type . AII have bonded
Stihl FS-76 / FS-88 / FS-108
shoes with 1,513 sq . mm average contact area.
FS-76 mounts to crankshaft, others to flywheel. AI I made
of cast zinc alloy.
Powdered
metal
body.
/
Analysis:
AII Shindaiwa clutches are made of powdered metal, a material that can
withstand the high, friction-caused heat, and wear applied by extension spring hooks.
Shindaiwa clutch shoes are among the most ample in surface area, assur­
ing smooth , positive engagement and long life.
To avoid spring wear altogether, Shindaiwa's T3S0 clutch is fitted with
hookless compression springs- a better idea lar big engines and heavy-duty usage . Unlike the competition, every Shindaiwa model has a Ilywhee l-mounted clutch for easier service and better engine security than the crankshaft-mounted type. 1?
Powdered
metal
body.
SHINDAIWA T350
Four-shoe, four-spring
clutch mounts to flywheel.
compression
springs.
HusaVARNA 225L, 232L & 235R
Same flywheel used on al! models.
fLfWHEELS
Vilal Conterns:
Spedfitalions:
If cast-in key shears,
flywheel is ruined.
• Does the flywheel
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
bore have a close-toler­
AII Shindaiwa flywheels have close-tolerance, precision
ance, precision diecast
diecast bores and deep, sharp key slots .
bore and well-defined
STIHL FS-108
key slo17 This assures
Each flywheel is unique, designed specifically for the
a tight interlock of fly­
engine it fits.
wheel , Woodruff key
T350 flywheel has a cast-in steel insert and milled key sloL
and crankshaft.
• Does the bore have
an extended taper for
maximum crankshaft
contact area?
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-3100S / SRM-3400
SRM-2400 flywheel has cast-in key
SRM-3100S and SRM-3400 have a cast-in key sloL
The same flywheel is used in both engines.
ECHO SRM-3400
• Is the flywheel tuned
to the specific engine
Husqvarna225L/232L/235R
application, or is it a one­
AII models have a cast-in key. size-fits-all installation?
The same flywheel is used in all three engines.
Stihl FS-76 / FS-88 / FS-108
•
~,¡;;-
Cast-in
key slot.
AII models have a cast-in key sloL
Analysis:
Shindaiwa flywheels have close-tolerance, precision diecast bores and
deep, sharp, key slots for absolute mounting security . Some competing flywheels lack
this depth and definition , which are vital for aligning the flywheel and locking it to the
crankshaft, long-term.
Cast-in steel inserto Flywheels with cast-in keys, such as those used by Husqvarna and Echo
(SRM-2400), save production steps, but lack the firm fit of a precision key slot and
Woodruff key. Also, if a cast-in key is sheared or damaged, the entire flywheel must be
replaced-an expensive proposition.
Milled
key slot.
Shindaiwa flywheels are specifically engineered for each engine. For
example, the big displacement, T350's flywheel bore is reinforced with a cast-in steel
insert and milled key sloL Husqvarna, on the other hand , uses the same flywheel in all
three models, despite an 11 cc spread in displacemenL This one-size-fits-all philoso­
phy may be cost-effective, but it's conlrary lo Shindaiwa's goal of gleaning maximum
Deep,
power and minimum weight from every engine .
precision-diecast
key slot.
1L1
SHINDAIWA T230
1r::
SHINDAIWA T350
CRANKSHAFTS/RODS/PlsrONS Vital Conterns:
Spedlitations:
• Are crankshaft and
connecting rod both
heavy-duty forgings?
Shindaiwa T230 I T260 I T270 I T350
• Do piston pin and
crank pin have large di­
ameters for better load­
bearing capabilities?
• Are needle bearings
caged for mini mal fric­
tion and maximum life?
AII have small -end thrust control and two-ring pistons.
Crankshaft weight (oz.) T230-7.0; T260-8.8;
T270-9.0; T350-10.8.
,,
HUSQVARNA 225L
Has 7. 3 oz. crankshaft.
Single-ring piston
/
Piston pin/crank pin diameters (mm): T230-8/10;
T260-9/1 O; T270-9/12; T350- 10/13.
STIHL FS-88
Has 8.3 oz. crankshaft. Two-ring piston has 8 mm pino Echo SRM-2400 I SRM-3100S I SRM-3400
AII have small-end thrust control and two-ring pistons.
• Is th rust controlled at
the rod's small end to
ensure maximum big­
end lubrication?
Crankshaft (oz): SRM -2400-7.7; SRM-3100S-9 .0;
SRM-3400-9.0.
• Is the piston fitted
with two compression
rings to assure optimum
sealing and support
within the cylinder?
Husqvarna 225L I 232L I 235R
Piston pin/c rank pin diameters (mm): SRM-2400-8/10;
SRM-31 00S-9/12; SRM-3400-9/12.
with 8 mm pin.
ECHO SRM-2400 Weighs
7. 7 oz... . . . . . Uncaged
needles in
stamped metal
jacket.
/
AII have small end thrust control and one-ring pistons .
Crankshaft (oz.): 225L-7.3 ; 232L-11.9; 235R-11.9.
Piston pin/c rank pin diameters (mm): 225L-8/10;
232L-1 0/ 12; 235R-10/12.
Stihl FS-76 / FS-88 / FS-108
FS-76 and FS-108 have small-end thrust control. FS-88
has big-end thrust control. AII have two-ring pistons.
Crankshaft (oz.): FS-76-7.1 ; FS-88-8.3; FS-108-10.6.
Two -ring piston
has 8 mm pin .
SHINDAIWA T260
Has 8.8 oz. crankshaft.
Two-ring piston
has 9 mm pino
Piston pin/crank pin diameters (mm) FS-76-8/10;
FS-88-8/10; FS-108-10/12
Jlnalysis:
Shindaiwa crankshafts are typically more substantial than their competi­
tion, and thus, more durable.
Shindaiwa piston pins and crank pins have larger-than-average diameters,
which spread the load and extend bearing life . AII utilize caged needle bearings.
Husqvarna's single-ring pistons have half the support and sealing surfaces
of two-ring pistons .
Big-end thrust control systems, like that used on the Stihl FS-88, can retard
crank pin bearing lubrication-critical at maximum RPM under severe conditions.
iR
Big-end bearing is well-exposed
for better lubrication-a benefit
of small-end thrust control.
---------- Relieved edges
improve small-end
lubrication.
17
HUSQVARNA 232L
Bottom half is p/astic, top half is a/uminum alloy CRANKCASfS
Vilal Conterns:
Spedlitalions:
• Are crankcase halves
precision-made cast­
ings, so unilarm that
they may be purchased
separately?
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
• Have crankcase
mating surlaces been
machined to assure Ilaw­
less contact and a last­
ing airtight seal?
• Are the case halves
sealed with a strong ,
pliable, high-tempera­
ture liquid gasket
compound?
• Are crankcase halves
made 01 like materials ,
lar best structural integ­
rity and unilorm thermal
expansion/contraction?
• Are crankcase bear­
ings a snug , press-lit
installation to assure
they don't slip or spin in
their bares?
Bearings clamped
between ha/ves.
Mating surface
is not machined.
/
AII have aluminum al loy crankcase halves with mach ined
mating surfaces and press-fit bearings.
Halves are available separately. Sealed via liquid gasket.
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-3100S / SRM-3400
AII have aluminum all oy crankcase halves with press-lit
bearings .
Halves not available separately. Sealed via paper or
synthetic gaskets
Husqvarna 225L / 232L / 235R
AII have horizontally-split crankcase , with aluminum alloy
top hall, and plastic bottom hall. Mating surfaces are
not machined . Bearings clamped by the screws that
hold crankcase/cylinder assembly together.
Top crankcase half (includes cylinder) and bottom hall
(includes fuel tank) may be purchased separately.
Halves sealed via liquid gasket.
Stihl FS-76/ FS-88 / FS-108
Sea/ed
~
by/iquid~ • gasket.
'" ~
AII have aluminum alloy crankcase halves with press-fit
bearings .
Halves are available separately. Sealed via liquid gasket.
Analysis:
Shindaiwa and Stihl offer economical, individual replacement of alloy crank­
case halves. II an Echo crankcase half is damaged, both halves must be replaced, at
considerably mare expense.
AII but Echo use modern liquid gasket compounds to seal the crankcase
halves. Echo sti ll relies on paper and synthetic gaskets.
Husqvarna's unconventional design involves crankcase halves made of dis­
similar materials-plastic and metal. Ellects 01 high temperature may be less predict­
able than all-alloy designs . This concern , plus as-cast (non-machined) mating
surfaces, suggest greater risk 01 air leaks and allied engine damage .
ECHO SRM-3100S
Ha/ves cannot be
purchased separate/y
Sea/ed by
synthetic
gasket.
SHINDAIWA T270
Precision-machined ha/ves
may be purchased separate/y
ANTI-VIBUTION SrSTfMS
Vilal Concerns:
Specilicalions:
• Are powerhead and
outer tube isolated by
robust rubber couplers?
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
• Are shaft and handle
grips cushioned?
• Is the mainshaft sup­
ported by rep laceable
rubber-mounted
bushings?
• Are mainshaft ends
splined to minimize
wear and resulting
chatter?
• Is the fuel volume iso­
lated by tank mounting
cushions?
HUSQVARNA 232L
E/abarate handle system has
tour rubber buffers that isolate
shaft assembly trom engine.
Hard p/astic
/'
handgri~
Engines and outer tu bes isolated by thick rubber buffers.
Splined mainshafts supported by replaceable rubber­
mounted bushings .
AII have cush ioned shaft grips and all but T230 have
cushioned loop handles.
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-31 OOS / SRM-3400
Eng ines and outer tubes isolated by thin rubber collars .
SRM-3100S and SRM-3400 have splined shafts and
rubber-mounted bushings; SRM-2400 has square­
end flex-shaft and plastic liner.
AII have cushioned grips on shaft and loop handles .
Husqvarna 225L / 232L / 235R
Engine and outer tube are isolated by an elaborate plastic
handle assembly with four pop-in cushions.
/
Pop-in buffers are easily /ost. Threaded mainshaft rides in rubber-mounted bushings.
Hard
--plastic
grips.
AII hand grips are hard plastic .
Stihl FS-76 / FS-88 / FS-108
Engines and outer tubes isolated by thick rubber buffers.
Square-end mainshafts ride in rubber-mounted bushings.
ECHO
___
SRM-3100S
Iso/atar is thin collar. AII hand grips are hard plastic.
Analysis:
Only Shindaiwa stifles vibrations with a system approach that starts with
smooth, precision-tuned engines, and includes large, effective, engine/shaft vibration
isolators, 100% spl ined mainshafts, rubber-mounted mainshaft bushings, soft rubber
hand grips , and cushion-mounted fuel tanks.
Husqvarna's elaborate anti-vibration handle system falls short, with hard
plastic hand grips and pop-in cushions that are easi ly lost.
Echo's engine/shaft isolators are thin rubber collars that pale in compari­
son to the robust anti-vibration buffers used by Shindaiwa and Stihl.
Stihl's hard plastic hand grips lack the comfort accorded by soft-style grips ,
and their square-end mainshaft connections are more prone to wear and chatter.
~
/
Suspended
rubber grip
stífles vibration.
Thick, dual
isolatior
assembly.
SHINDAIWA T270
Complete AlVSystem.
OUTERTUBES Vilal Concerns:
Specilicalions:
• Is the outer tube
made from aircraft
grade aluminum for
light weight and
maximum strength?
shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
ECHO SRM -3400
Chamfered, 25 mm
tube is .058" thick.
AI I tubes extruded & drawn from aircraft grade aluminum,
AII have chamfered ends and satin anodized finish.
Tubing 0.0 . (mm)/wa ll thickness (in.) : T230--24/.060 ;
T260--24/.060 ; T270--26/.063; T350--26/. 063 ;
• Has the tubing been
C350 (brushcutter version)--28/.078.
mandrel-drawn to im­
prove its resistance to
bending?
HUSQVARNA 235R
Rush-cut, 28 mm
tube is .077" thick.
Echo sRM-2400 / sRM-3100s / sRM-3400
AII tubes made of extruded aluminum.
• Are tubing diameter
and wall thickness suit­
AII have chamfered ends and all except SRM-2400 are
able for the intended ap­
satin anodized .
plication?
Tubing 0 .0 . (mm)/wall thickness (in ,) SRM-2400­
25/, 060 ; SRM -3100S-25/. 058 ; SRM -3400-25/. 058.
• Has the tubing been
satin anodized? Have
ends been chamfered?
Husqvarna 225L / 232L /235R
These processes im­
AII tubes made of extruded aluminum. prove aesthetics , Plus,
AII are flush-cut (no chamfer) and satin anodized , chamfering makes tube
and gearcase installa­
Tubing OD . (mm)/wall thickness (in ,): 225L- 25/.065 ; tion easier, and hastens
232L-25/. 072 ; 235R-28/. 077
bushing replacement , if
ever necessary,
stihl Fs-76 / Fs-88 / Fs-108
AII tubes made of extruded aluminum. AII have chamfered ends and satin anodized finish . Tubing OD . (mm)/wall thickness (in,): FS-76-24/. 060; FS-88-24/, 060; FS-108-26/. 073,
Locating
holes keep gearcase secure. Shindaiwa's rugged outer tubes reflect quality styling, and construction
suited to each unit's power output and anticipated use, In most cases, Shindaiwa
tubing is larger and/or thicker than the competition, and known to be stronger,
'YJ
SHINDAIWA T350
Chamfered, 26 mm
tube is .063" thick.
Shindaiwa tubes extrud ed
and drawn from aircraft­
grade aluminum for
maximum strength and
resistance to bending.
Analysis:
For example, the C3S0 (brushcutter version of T3S0) , is endowed with a
heavy-duty, 28 mm diameter, ,078-in , thick tube. Compare that to competing models
SRM-3400 (25 mm/. 058"), 235R (28 mm/077") and FS-108 (26 mm/.073"), As in most
component categories, Shindaiwa quality and engineering savvy are hard to beat.
STIHL FS-108
Chamfered, 26 mm
tube is .073" thick.
SHINDAIWA C350
Chamfered, 28 mm
tube is .078" thick.
Heavy-duty tube
for brushcutting
applications.
"1
MAINSHAFTS
Vital Conterns:
Spedlitations:
• Are mai nshaft ends
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T3S0
splined? Splines spread
AII have one-piece, solid steel, splined mainshafts.
shock loads across a broader surface area,
Shaft dia. (mm) : T230-6, T260-7 , T270-7, T350-8. and assure a sol id, long­
lasting connection.
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-3100S / SRM-3400
• Is the mainshaft made
of solid steel and sized
appropriately for the
application?
ECHO SRM-2400
Rexible, 6 mm cable
with squared ends.
SRM-2400 has a flex-cable mainshaft with squared ends.
SRM-3100S and SRM-3400 have one-piece, solid steel,
splined mainshafts.
Shaft d ia. (mm) SRM-2400-6, SRM-3100S-7,
• Is the mainshaft a
SRM-3400-8. single piece , without
attachments that com­
Husqvarna 22SL / 232L / 23SR
plicate disassembly?
AII have a two-piece assembly comprising a solid steel
• Has the clutch drum­
shaft and thread-on clutch drum. Lower end is splined .
to-mainshaft connection
Shaft
dia. (mm) 225L-7 , 232L-7 , 235R-8 .
been sufficiently hard­
ened to withstand wear Stihl FS-76/ FS-88 / FS-108 on mainshaft mating
surfaces? AII have one-piece , solid steel, square-end mainshafts.
Shaft dia. (mm) : FS-76-7, FS-88-7, FS-108-8.
HUSQVARNA 225L Solid, 7 mm steel with
threads on engine
end, spline on
the other.
Thread-on clutch
drum prevents
easy disassembly
of engine and shaft.
Analysis:
AII tour Shindaiwa models have one-piece, solid steel mainshafts with
hardened splines on both ends. Attributes include optimum strength , rack-salid cau­
pling , and easy disassembly from either end of the outer tube .
Echo's SRM-2400 has a flexible cable mainshaft, which lacks the rigid
strength and smoothness af a salid steel shaft . The Echo SRM-3100 and Stihl FS-74,
less expensive versions of the SRM-31OOS and FS-76, also use flexible cable shafts.
STIHL FS-88
Solid, 7 mm steel
with squared ends.
Square-end mainshafts, such as those used by Stihl, lack the load-carryi ng
capacity of splined shafts . As co rners wear, sq uare-end cannections beco me sloppy,
causing an increase in vibratian. This problem can be accelerated by clutch drum
sockets that are insuffic iently hardened .
A splined
connection has
much more load­
Husqvarna's mainshaft, with clutch drum attached, prevents easy disas­
carrying
capacity
sembly. Shaft cannot be removed from gearcase end, and shaft/tubing assembly can­
than
a
square-end
not be removed from powerhead without disassembling AN handle system and clutch
connection.
drum housing-quite a nuisance.
r"JA
SHINDAIWA T260
So lid, 7 mm steel with
hardened splined ends.
SERVlefABILlrr
Vital Cooteros:
Spedfitatioos:
HUSQVARNA 232L
Clíp-on "speed nuts"
retain top cover
screws.
Self-tapping screws
hold shaft assembly to
plastic engine housing.
• Are eng ine and shaft
Shindaiwa T230 / T260 / T270 / T350
assembli es easy to dis­
Fasteners predominantly 5 mm Allen socket head .
assemble far routine maintenance and
AII models affard easy access to air filter, cooling fin s, service work?
spark plug, spark arrestar . • Are quality fasteners
used throughout?
Echo SRM-2400 / SRM-31 OOS / SRM-3400
SRM-2400 has variety of fasteners , including 4 mm and
5 mm socket head , Phillips/slot combo and hex.
fastener used consis­
Oifficult cylinder, spark plug and spark arrestor access .
tently, to help simplily
.Is the same type of
assembly and reduce
the number 01 service
tools required?
Fasteners on SRM-31 OOS and SRM-3400 predominantly
5 mm Allen socket head . Must detach entire intake
system, muffler cover , and muffler to remove cylinder
shroud. Complex spark arrestar access.
Husqvarna 225L / 232L / 235R
Fasteners predominantly 5 mm Allen socket head . Most are sell-tapping and anchored in plastic or speed nuts . Top cover must be removed (four Allen screws) to expose spark plug , cooling fins , and muffler. Stihl FS-76 / FS-88 / FS-108
Fasteners predominantly 4 mm and 5 mm Tarx.
Top cover (two Tarx) must be removed to expose cooling
fins and muffler. Complex spark arrestor access.
Thumb screw
offers easy
access.
Aoalysis:
SHINDAIWA T260
Well-conceived designs and unit construction make Shindaiwa models easy
to maintain and repair. Many service jobs can be perfarmed with just one tool: The
common, 4 mm Allen wrench . Stihl service requires a le ss common, #27 Tarx driver.
ECHO SRM-2400
Shindaiwa's smaller models reflect the same design integrity and ease of
service found on larger machines-not so with some of the competition.
Husqvarna's large plastic engine housing necessitates use 01 many sell­
tapping fasteners and stamped-steel "speed nuts ." These fasteners lack the quality
perception of machine screws and threaded die castings
Routine field maintenance is hampered by Husqvarna's expansive engine
cover, which shrouds spark plug, cooling fins, muffler, and side access to carburetar.
Four Allen fasteners must be removed to gain access .
no
Fastener variety includes
Al/en, Phil/ips and hex.
Durable, Al/en socket head
fasteners are predominant.
SPEC"'CAr'ONS* SHINDAlWA
ECHO
STlHL
SHINDAlWA
1230
SRM-2400
1S-76
1260
Displacement (cc)
22 .5
23.6
23 .9
Bare/Stroke (mm)
32 x 28
34 x 26
Max. Output (hp)
1.1
Weight (lbs.)
HUSQVARNA
STlHL
SRM-2501S*
2251
IS-SS
24 .1
24.4
25.0
25.4
33 x 28
32x 30
32 x 30
34 x 28
34 x 28
1.05
1.10
1.40
1.10
1.20
1.20
9.7
12.0
11.0
11 .0
13.5
11.7
15.0
Pawer-Ta-Weight Ratio (hp/lbs.)
.113
.088
.100
.127
.082
.103
.080
Specific Output (hp/cc)
.049
.044
.046
.058
.045
.048
.047
Fuel Capacity (az.)
17.6
14.2
13.8
20.3
20 .3
20.8
23.2
1-pc. STCI
1-pc. TCI
1-pc. TCI
1-pc. TCI
1-pc. TCI
1-pc. TCI
1-pc. TCI
Carburetian
Walbro WYL
Zama C1U
Walbra WT
TK DP-N
Zama C1U
WalbroWT
Walbra WT
Carburetar Type
Ratary Valve
Butterfly
Butterfly
Slide
Butterfly
Butterfly
Butterfly
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Cushian
Balt-an
Cushian
Cushian
Cushian
In Crankcase
Balt-On
Banded 12 / 1
Banded 12/2
Banded 12 / 2
Banded 12 / 1
Banded 12/1
Steel / 2 / 2
Banded 12 / 1
1,696
988
962
1,536
1,632
1,380
1,664
Salid Steel/6
Cable 16
Salid 17
Salid 17
Salid 17
2-pc. / 7
Salid 17
Mainshaft Ends
Splined
Squared
Square
Splined
Splined
Thread/Spline
Square
Outer tube 0.0. (mm) 1 wall thickness (in.)
24/ .060
25/ .060
24/.060
24/.060
25/.060
25/ .065
24/.060
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum
Crankcase Halves Available As:
Separate Parts
Matched Set
Separate Parts
Separate Parts
Matched Set
Separate Parts
Separate Parts
Crankcase Sealing Methad
Liquid Gasket
Paper Gasket
Liquid Gasket
Liquid Gasket
Paper Gasket
Liquid Gasket
Liquid Gasket
Twa-Ring
Twa-Ring
Twa-Ring
Twa-Ring
Twa-Ring
One-Ring
Twa-Ring
Cannecting Rad Bearings
Caged Needle
Torringtan-Type
Caged Needle
Caged Needle
Caged Needle
Caged Needle
Caged Needle
Flywheel Key Slat
Precisian-Cast
Cast-In Key
Cast-In
Precisian-Cast
Milled
Cast-In Key
Cast-In
Ignitian
Primer System
Fuel Tank Maunting
Clutch Surface 1 Shaes 1 Springs
Clutch Shae Area (sq. mm)
Mainshaft Type/Diameter (mm)
Outer Tube Canstructian
Pistan Type
* Specifications derived from manufacturers' sales literature, industry trade publications, and test data
published by govemment agencies. Figures apply to models available in the U.S.A at the time of
printing. Specifications may vary in other countries. Al! specifications subject to change without notice.
28
ECHO
* SRM-2501 S is a discontinued model. Included for comparative purposes only.
29
SPfCI',CATIONS* (continued) SHINDAlWA
ECHO
HUSQVARNA
SHINDAlWA
ECHO
STlHL
HUSQVARNA
1210
SRM-3JOOS
232L
----
1350
SRM-3400
'S-JOB
2351
Oisplaeement (ce)
27.2
30.5
30,8
33.6 34.0
34.4
36,3
Bore/Stroke (mm)
34 x 30
36 x 30
35 x 32
36 x 33 38 x 30
37 x 32
38 x 32
Max. Output (hp)
1.50
1.20
1.47
1.80
1,35
1.50
1.70
Weight (lbs .)
12.3
15.0
12,8
14.9
15.9
15,6
15.6
Power-To-Weight Ratio (hp/lbs.)
.122
.080
,11 5
,121
.085
,096
.109
Specific Output (hp/cc)
.055
.039
.048
.054
,040
,044
,047
Fuel Capacity (oz.)
21,0
27 ,1
20.8
34 ,0
27 ,1
23 ,2
20.8
Ignition
1-pc, TCI
1-pe, TCI
1-pc, COI
1-pc, TCI
1-pe. TCI
1-pc, TCI
1-pe, COI
Carburetion
TK OP-V
WalbroWT
WalbroWT
TK OP-V
Walbro WT
Zama C1Q
WalbroWT
Slide Valve
Butterfly
Butterfly
Slide Valve
Butterfly
Butterfly
Butterfly
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Cushion
Cushion
In Crankease
Cushion
Cushion
Bolt-On
In Crankcase
Bonded / 2 / 1
Bonded /2/ 1
Steel / 2/2
Steel / 4 / 4
Bonded /2/1
Bonded /2/ 1
Steel/ 3/1
1,710
2,336
1,380
1,760
2,270 1,876
1,620
Mainshaft Type/Oiameter (mm)
Solid / 7
Solid /7
2-pe . / 7
Solid /8
Solid /8 Solid /8
2-pe. /8
Mainshaft Ends
Splined
Splined
Thread/Spline
Splined
Splined Squared
Thread/Spline
Outer tu be 00. (mm) / wall thickness (in,)
26 /, 063
25/,058
25/.072
26/ ,063
25 / .058 26/.073
28/ .077
Aluminum
Aluminum
Aluminum Aluminum Aluminum Alum inum
Aluminum
Crankcase Halves Available As:
Separate Parts
Matehed Set
Separate Parts Separate Parts Matched Set Separate Parts
Separate Parts
Crankease Sealing Method
Liqu id Gasket
Synthetie Gasket
Liquid Gasket Liquid Gasket Synthetic Gasket Liquid Gasket
Liquid Gasket
Two-Ring
Two-Ring
One-Ring Two-Ring Two-Ring Two-Ring
One-Ring
Conneeting Rod Bearings
Caged Needle
Caged Needle
Caged Needle Caged Needle Caged Needle Caged Needle
Caged Needle
Flywheel Key Slot
Precision-Cast
Cast-In
Cast-In Key Milled Cast-In Cast-In
Cast-In Key
(accordlng to PET, Dec. '95)
Carburetor Type
Primer System
Fuel Tank Mounting
Clutch Surface / Shoes / Springs
Cluteh Shoe Area (sq. mm)
Outer Tube Construction
Piston Type
* Specifications derived from manufacturers' sales literature, industry trade publications, and test data
published by government agencies. Figures apply to mode/s avai/able in the U.S.A. at the time of
printing, Specifications may vary in other countries, Al! specifications subject to change without naNce.
':ln
~1
NUMBER "}
shindaiwa Shindaiwa Ine .
P.O. Box 1090 Tualatin , Oregon 97062 Telephone 503 692-3070 FAX 503 692-6696 Spee ifi eations su bj eet to
ehange without notiee.
© Shindalwa Ine. 1996 Form 61019 9·975M Printed In U.S.A 
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