Protrans Sequencing Testkits (SBT)

Protrans Sequencing Testkits (SBT)
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User Manual
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HLA
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SBT
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M
Protrans medizinische diagnostische Produkte GmbH
D- 68766 Hockenheim, Ketschau 2, Germany
Tel.: + 49-(0)6205-29299-0 Fax: + 49-(0)6205-29299-20
www.protrans.info - [email protected]
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Contents
Page
Protrans HLA SBT Testkits
1
1.0
Protrans Sequencing Strategy
3
2.0
PROTRANS HLA Sequencing System
4
2.0
PROTRANS Sequencing Kits, (S4, S3, Domino Stones, S2, S1)
4
3.0
Protrans Sequencing Procedure
8
4.0
Materials supplied with the HLA Sequencing Kits
9
5.0
Storage and Shelf Life of Testreagents
17
6.0
Precautions and Warnings
17
6.1
Materials and Equipment not supplied with the Kit PRE PCR
18
6.2
Materials and Equipment not supplied with the Kit POST PCR
19
7.0
Preparation and Processing of Samples
20
7.1
DNA Extraction and DNA concentration
20
8.0
Program Thermocycler Protrans SBT
21
9.0
Specificities of the Amplification Primers
22
10.0
PROTRANS S4 Sequencing Kits
22
10.1
PROTRANS S4 Sequencing Kits pre-coated PCR Strips
23
10.2
Set up Amplification PROTRANS S4 Sequencing Kits
24
10.3
PROTRANS S3 Sequencing Kits
25
10.4
PROTRANS S3 Sequencing Kits pre-coated PCR Strips
26
10.5
Set up Amplification PROTRANS S3 Sequencing Kits
26
10.6
PROTRANS Domino Stones Sequencing Kits
27
10.7
Set up Amplification PROTRANS Domino Stones Sequencing Kits
27
10.8
PROTRANS S2 Sequencing Kits
28
10.9
PROTRANS S2 Sequencing Kits pre-coated PCR Strips
28
10.10.
Set up Amplification PROTRANS S2 Sequencing Kits
28
10.11
PROTRANS S1 Sequencing Kits
29
10.12.
Set up Amplification PROTRANS S1 Sequencing Kits
29
11.0
Analysis of PCR Amplification results Determing the Haplotypes
30
12.0
Documentation of positive Reactions Assignment of Haplotypes
30
13.0
PROTRANS Attachment
32
14.0
Purification of the Haplotypes (positive PCR-Products)
33
14.1
PROTRANS AmpliPur-Fast
33
®
14.2
ExoSAP-IT Purification
33
14.3
Beads fishing method
34
15.0
Selection of Sequencing Primers
34
15.1
Set up Sequencing Reaction 2 Haplotypes
35
15.2
Set up Sequencing Reaction only 1 Haplotype or a locus specific amplification (LSA)
35
16.0
Set up Sequencing Reaction
36
17.0
Purifying sequencing Reactions
37
17.1
PROTRANS DyePUR
37
17.2
Ethanol Precipitation
38
17.3
Alternative purification methods
39
18.0
Preparing Sequencing Reactions for capillary electrophoresis
39
19.0
Running the Instruments
40
20.0
Identifying HLA alleles PROTRANS Allele Identification Software
40
21.0
Sample naming conventions
41
22.0
Performing Allele Identification
42
23.0
Trouble shooting Guide
42
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Protrans
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
1
Protrans Sequencing Testkits (SBT)
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Protrans S4
REF
34 01
34 02
34 03
34 04
24 1415
Single Allele and Locus Specific Sequencing System
Article
Protrans S4 HLA-A
Protrans S4 HLA-B
Protrans S4 HLA-C
Protrans S4 HLA-DRB1
Protrans HLA-B*5701
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Protrans S3
REF
33 01
33 02
33 03
33 04
33 09
Allele and Locus Specific Sequencing System
Article
Protrans S3 HLA-A
Protrans S3 HLA-B
Protrans S3 HLA-C
Protrans S3 HLA-DRB1
Protrans S3 HLA-DQB1
Protrans
Haplotype-Specific Sequencing System
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Domino Stones
REF=
541 01_13
542 01_15
543 01_13
544 01_14
539 01_09
641 01_13
542 01_15
543 01_13
644 01_14
639 01_09
Article=
Protrans Domino Stones HLA-A
Protrans Domino Stones HLA-B
Protrans Domino Stones HLA-C
Protrans Domino Stones HLA-DRB1
Protrans Domino Stones HLA-DQB1
REF
32 04
32 08
C0197=
C0197=
C
C0197
C0197
c
C0197=
C0197=
C
C0197
C
c
C0197=
C0197=
C
C0197
C
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Protrans S2
c
Allele-Group-Specific Sequencing
Article
Protrans S2 HLA-DRB1
Protrans S2 HLA-DQA1
c
C0197
C
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Protrans S1
REF=
31 01
21 01
31 02
21 02
31 03
31 05
31 06
31 07
31 09
31 10
31 11
Locus-Specific Sequencing System
Article=
Protrans S1 HLA-A
Protrans S1 HLA-A swift
Protrans S1 HLA-B
Protrans S1 HLA-B swift
Protrans S1 HLA-C
Protrans S1 HLA-DRB3
Protrans S1 HLA-DRB4
Protrans S1 HLA-DRB5
Protrans S1 HLA-DQB1 Exon 2
Protrans S1 HLA-DQB1 Exon 3
Protrans S1 HLA-DPB1
c
C0197=
C0197=
C0197=
C0197=
C=
C0197=
C0197=
C0197=
C=
C
C=
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Protrans S4
Protrans S3
Protrans S2
Protrans S1
24
24
24
24
24
240
Protrans Domino Stones
IVDD
For In-Vitro-Diagnostic use
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I
Amplification Unit 1 pre-pipetted PCR-Strips
Amplification Unit 2
Sequencing Unit
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2
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Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
4°-8°C
-20°C
-20°C
1.0
PROTRANS Sequencing Strategy
The Protrans Kits should be used in accordance with the current guidelines for quality assurance
established by the European Federation for Immunogenetics (EFI) or the American Society for
Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics (Ashi).
Sequencing gives the most reliable and accurate information of the DNA sequence of a gene and is
therefore of particular interest to fully characterize the genetic complexity and allelic diversity of the
HLA genes in the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC). The full complexity of allelic
diversity in HLA class I and class II makes PCR-SBT the method of choice for HLA typing. HLA
typing by means of sequencing should be considered whenever the HLA type of an individual is
needed. The recent developments have made sequencing equally simple and robust making it
attractive for patient-related diagnostic and bone marrow registry typing. With the Protrans
Sequencing System it is easy to type in low or high throughput formats at each level of automation
and resolution desired. Sequencing can be carried out manually or fully automated depending on
the laboratory’s individual requirements.
Sequencing a gene will give the most reliable and accurate information of the DNA.
The quantity of known and permanently new identified HLA genes
in the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) requires a high resolution, unambiguous and
precise typing method for HLA-Alleles Class I and Class II.
The Protrans Sequencing System is a practical, reliable and adjustable typing method.
With the Protrans Sequencing System it is easy to type all HLA loci in the daily routine
low or high throughput formats manually or at each level of automation and resolution desired.
Protrans Sequencing System is easy to use not only for application in the bone marrow registry, but
also as diagnostic tool for patient characterization in daily routine.
©
With the Software SEQUENCE PILOT it is easy to do the analysis of the Sequencing Files
of the Protrans Sequencing System for HLA Class I und Class II.
Protrans Sequencing-Strategies
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1
PROTRANS S4
Splitting the Haplotypes
single-allele and Locus specific amplification and sequencing
No Ambiguities
2
PROTRANS S3
Splitting the Haplotypes
single-allele and locus specific amplification and sequencing
No Ambiguities
3
PROTRANS
Domino Stones
Haplotype specific sequencing. No Ambiguities
Domino Stones get your LCT, SSP, SSO results high
4
PROTRANS S2
Splitting the Haplotypes
HLA group specific amplification and sequencing
5
PROTRANS S1
HLA-locus specific amplification and sequencing (LSA)
Protrans
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
3
2.0 PROTRANS HLA Sequencing System
The Protrans Sequencing System is designed to reach a maximum level of allele-specific
sequencing and in turn the lowest number of ambiguities. With the separation of the DNA with
specific primer Mixes in two separate Haplotypes ensures the recognition of both alleles in nearly all
cases.
The Protrans Sequencing System allows
in HLA class I sequencing of Exon 1 to Exon 4.
in HLA class II sequencing of Exon 2 and codon 86TG
Special emphasis was put on the complete coverage of exons 1, 2, 3, and 4 to sort out nearly all
ambiguities caused by variations outside Exons 2 and 3 as well as on the location of the sequencing
primers to ensure complete Exon sequences in both orientations.
Intended use
Protrans Sequencing System is easy to use for the application of bone marrow registry typing as
well as a diagnostic tool for patient characterization in daily routine.
Protrans S4 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans
S4 HLA SBT Typing kits are designed to reach a maximal level of allele-specific
sequencing and in turn the lowest number of ambiguities.
This is achieved by splitting the Haplotypes before sequencing each Haplotype separately.
In HLA class I the DNA will be amplified with up to 14 Group-Specific PCR Amplifications (GSA)
and in addition a locus specific Amplification (LSA) in parallel covering Exons 1, Exon 2, Exon 3 and
Exon 4.
The Single Allele or Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 16-well PCR-Strips
In almost all cases sequence analysis of separately both alleles will be achieved.
In HLA class I special emphasis was put on the complete coverage of Exons 1, 2, 3, and 4 to sort
out nearly all ambiguities caused by variations outside Exons 2 and 3.
In HLA class II the DNA will be amplified with up to 14 Group-Specific PCR Amplifications (GSA) in
parallel covering the complete Exon 2 loci.
The Single Allele or Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 16-well PCR-Strips
In almost all cases sequence analysis of both alleles separately will be achieved.
In HLA-DRB1 a special emphasis was put on the separation of the DR52-associated HLA-DRB1
alleles to ensure unambiguous results in nearly all samples
Special emphasis was put on the location of the sequencing primers to ensure complete Exon
sequences in both orientations.
For ease of use
•
•
•
•
•
4
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The Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 8-well PCR-Strips
The Test procedure and the Thermocycler program for the Amplification, Cycle Sequencing
and the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and for all HLA loci
identical
The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all HLA
loci.
It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits in the different
Protrans Sequencing Strategies.
Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
Protrans S3 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans S3 Sequencing Kits are designed to match the requirements of high sample
throughput as well as allele-specific sequencing for less ambiguities.
This is achieved by splitting the Haplotypes before sequencing each Haplotype separately.
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-A, B, C the DNA will be amplified with 7 Group-Specific PCR
Amplification Mixes (GSA) and in addition a Locus specific Amplification Mix (LSA).
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-DQB1 the DNA will be amplified with 6 Group-Specific PCR
Amplifications Mixes (GSA) and in addition 2 Locus specific Amplification Mixes (LSA).
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-DRB1 the DNA will be amplified with 8 Group-Specific PCR
Amplifications (GSA).
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If the GSA reactions do not indicate two separate alleles the LSA reaction must be sequenced.
This ensures in all cases the recognition of both alleles.==
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-class I Exons 1, Exon 2, Exon 3 and Exon 4 and in the
Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-class II Exon 2 (DRB1, DQB1) and Exon 3 (DQB1)are covered.
The Amplification Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 8-well PCR-Strips and each HLA-locus in a
different colour.
In most cases sequence analysis of separately both alleles will be achieved.
In HLA class I special emphasis was put on the complete coverage of Exons 1, 2, 3, and 4 to
sort out nearly all ambiguities caused by variations outside Exons 2 and 3.
Special emphasis was put on the location of the sequencing primers to ensure complete Exon
sequences in both orientations.
For ease of use
•
•
•
•
•
The Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 8-well PCR-Strips
The Test procedure and the Thermocycler program for the Amplification, Cycle
Sequencing and the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and
for all HLA loci identical.
The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all
HLA loci.
It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits in the different
Protrans Sequencing Strategies.
Protrans Domino Stones HLA SBT
are designed for a maximal flexibility to match individual requirements of the HLA laboratory.
The Domino Stones Locus- and different Group-Specific PCR Amplification Mixes (Domino
Stones) are supplied separately to allow an individual set up according to the individual
requirements.
Using the Protrans Domino Stones it is for all HLA loci possible to change the low resolution
typing result from other techniques (SSP or SSO) in a 4 digit high resolution result.
The Locus- and Group-Specific PCR Amplifications are covering at least Exons 2 and 3 in HLA
class I loci and Exon 2 in HLA class II loci.
Protrans
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
5
Protrans S2 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans S2 sequencing kits are designed to match the requirements of very high sample
throughput as well as allele-specific sequencing for less ambiguities.
This is achieved by applying 4 Group-Specific PCR Amplifications (GSA) in parallel covering at
least exons 2 and 3 in HLA class I loci and exon 2 in HLA class II loci allowing in many cases
sequence analysis of both alleles separately.
For ease of use
•
•
•
•
•
The Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 8-well PCR-Strips
The Test procedure and the Thermocycler program for the Amplification, Cycle
Sequencing and the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and
for all HLA loci identical.
The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all
HLA loci.
It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits in the different
Protrans Sequencing Strategies.
Protrans S1 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans S1 sequencing kits are designed to match the requirements of very high sample
throughput.
This is achieved by Locus-Specific PCR Amplification (LSA) covering in
HLA class I Exon 1, Exon 2, Exon 3 and Exon 4, and in
HLA class II Exon 2, allowing sequence analysis of both alleles simultaneously.
A special emphasis was put on the location of the sequencing primers to ensure complete Exon
sequences in both orientations.
Protrans Sequencing Kits Protrans S1 swift REF 2101 and 2102 are a variant of Protrans S1
Kits.
These Kits are designed to match the requirements of very high sample throughput. This is
achieved by Locus-Specific PCR Amplification (LSA) covering Exons 2 and 3 in HLA class I loci
leaving ambiguities due to variations outside Exon 2 and 3 unsolved. A special emphasis was
put on the generation of short PCR Products to increase robustness in case of DNA of lower
quality.
For ease of use
•
•
•
•
•
6
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The Group-Specific Primer Mix is in a single Tube.
The Test procedure and the Thermocycler program for the Amplification, Cycle
Sequencing and the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and
for all HLA loci identical.
The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all
HLA loci.
It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits in the different
Protrans Sequencing Strategies.
Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
Primer Mix Specificities and Specification Tables
The Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits are continuously updated. In order to provide the user with
the most recent version of the kit, the Primer Mix Specifications are listed as an Attachment in
the Primer Mix Specification Tables. Please make sure that the version of the kit is identical with
the version of the Primer Mix Specification Table.
PCR Amplification
The method is based on PCR amplifications starting with genomic DNA. The PCR amplification
reactions are covering at least Exons 2 and 3 in HLA class I loci and Exon 2 in HLA class II loci
and have been designed to be specific for a single group of alleles only. Each of the PCR
formulations has been validated against a panel of well characterized cell lines to ensure
against non-specific amplification and preferential amplification of one allele over another in
heterozygous combinations.
Sequencing
After PCR clean up the positive Group-Specific Amplification reactions are used as templates
for direct sequencing at least Exons 2 and 3 in HLA class I loci and Exon 2 in HLA class II loci.
The PCR templates have been optimized for the use of dye terminator cycle sequencing
chemistries to generate the allele typing information.
Allele Assignment
The final step in sequence analysis consists out of the allele assignment using the
©
SEQUENCE PILOT allele identification Software. This program performs allele identification,
allows manual reviewing or editing of the sequencing data as well as reporting, exporting and
©
archiving of sequences or results SEQUENCE PILOT allele identification software enables
quick and easy allele assignment.
The software allows manual reviewing or editing of the sequencing data of Exon 1 to Exon 8.
Heterozygous positions as well as mismatches are detected and reported. Typing results and
sequence electropherograms can be printed, exported and archived.
The software is available as a Windows™ single-user-version or as a Windows™ or Linux™
server-client-version for use in a network with several workstations.
The HLA database is continuously updated in line with the latest scientific research of the official
IMGT/HLA database.
Instrument Platforms
The PCR and sequencing cycle profiles provided in this manual have been used with the
Thermal Cyclers from Applied Biosystems GeneAmp PCR Systems 2700, 9600 and 9700. They
should also work with compatible instruments but may require adjustments of the cycling profile
or emulation of the above instruments.
©
The Sequencing Kits as well as the SEQUENCE PILOT Allele Identification Software are
compatible with all four-dye capillary-sequencing instruments available.
Applied Biosystems
Capillary: 310, 3100, 3130A, 3130xl ,3500, 3500xl, 3730, 3730xl
GE Healthcare
Capillary: MegaBACE 500, 1000, 4000
Beckman
Capillary: CEQ8000; GeXP
Protrans
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
7
3.0 Procedure Protrans Sequencing System
Pre-PCR
Separation of Haplotypes
DNA Amplification PCR SSP
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=
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Post PCR
Purification
of the separated Haplotypes
HLA Class I
Sequencing
the single Haplotypes
EXON 1-2-3-4
forward and reverse
HLA Class II
EXON 2
forward and reverse and codon 86TG
8
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Purification
of the Sequencing Products
Running Sequencing Products
on all Sequencers
Automated Analysis
of the Sequencing results
Protrans Software
Sequence Pilot©
Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
4.0 Materials supplied with the HLA Sequencing Kits
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Amplification Unit 1
Pre-PCR
Protrans S4 HLA-A
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
16 well PCR Strips (yellow) precoated with Primer Mixes
Primer Mixes
12 x
GSA
1x
LSA
1x
neg.ctrl.
Typings
I
24
4-8°C
Protrans S3 HLA-A
I
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
8 well PCR Strips (yellow) precoated with Primer Mixes
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Protrans S4 HLA-B
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
16 well PCR Strips (blue) precoated with Primer Mixes
7 x GSA
1 x LSA
Primer Mixes
12 x
GSA
1x
LSA
1x
neg.ctrl.
24
4-8°C
Typings
I
24
4-8°C
Protrans S3 HLA-B
I
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
8 well PCR Strips (blue) precoated with Primer Mixes
=
Protrans S4 HLA-C
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
16 well PCR Strips (green) precoated with Primer Mixes
7 x GSA
1 x LSA
Primer Mixes
12 x
GSA
1x
LSA
1x
neg.ctrl.
24
4-8°C
Typings
I
24
4-8°C
Protrans S3 HLA-C
I
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
8 well PCR Strips (green) precoated with Primer Mixes
=
Protrans S4 HLA-DRB1
Single Allele and Allele-Group specific Sequencing
16 well PCR Strips (natural) precoated with Primer Mixes
7 x GSA
1 x LSA
Primer Mixes
14 x
GSA
1x
pos.ctrl.
1x
neg.ctrl.
24
4-8°C
Typings
I
24
4-8°C
Protrans S3 HLA-DRB1
Single Allele and Allele-Group specific Sequencing
8 well PCR Strips (natural) precoated with Primer Mixes
Protrans S2 HLA-DRB1
Allele Group specific Sequencing
4 well PCR Strips (natural) precoated with Primer Mixes
=
Protrans S2 HLA-DQA1
Allele Group specific Sequencing
4 well PCR Strips precoated with Primer Mixes
=
I
8 x GSA
24
4-8°C
Primer Mixes
Typings
I
4 x GSA
24
4-8°C
Primer Mixes
Typings
I
4 x GSA
24
4-8°C
Protrans S3 HLA-DQB1
Single Allele and Locus-Specific Sequencing
8 well PCR Strips (pink) precoated with Primer Mixes
=
=
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
I
6 x GSA
2 x LSA
24
Version 2010 07 01
4-8°C
9
=
=
Amplification Unit 2
=
Protrans S4 HLA-A
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
=
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
PSD
4x
1.750
-20°C
Protrans S3 HLA-A
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
Negative control
=
I
PSD
NC-ABC
2x
1x
1.750
140
Protrans Domino Stone HLA-A
Haplotype-specific Sequencing
Allele- and Allele-Group specific Amplification
PCR Solution L
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I
GSA
PSL
1x
3x
1.400
1.000
Protrans S1 HLA-A
Locus-specific Sequencing (LSA) EXON 1-4
Locus-specific Amplification Primer
=
Protrans S1 HLA-A swift
Locus-specific Sequencing (LSA) EXON 2-3
Locus-specific Amplification Primer
=
=
Protrans
-20°C
-20°C
I
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
=
=
10
-20°C
-20°C
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
=
Amplification Unit 2
=
Protrans S4 HLA-B
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
=
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
PSD
4x
1.750
-20°C
Protrans S3 HLA-B
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
Negative control
=
I
PSD
NC-ABC
2x
1x
1.750
140
Protrans Domino Stone HLA-B
Haplotype-specific Sequencing
Allele- and Allele-Group specific Amplification
PCR Solution L
=
I
GSA
PSL
1x
3x
1.400
1.000
Protrans S1 HLA-B
Locus-specific Sequencing (LSA) EXON 1-4
Locus-specific Amplification Primer
=
Protrans S1 HLA-B swift
Locus-specific Sequencing EXON 2-3
Locus-specific Amplification Primer
-20°C
-20°C
-20°C
-20°C
I
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
PSD
4x
1.750
-20°C
=
=
=
=
=
=
Amplification Unit 2
=
Protrans S4 HLA-C
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
=
Protrans S3 HLA-C
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
Negative control
=
I
PSD
NC-ABC
2x
1x
1.750
140
Protrans Domino Stone HLA-C
Haplotype-specific Sequencing
Allele- and Allele-Group specific Amplification
PCR Solution L
=
I
GSA
PSL
1x
3x
1.400
1.000
Protrans S1 HLA-C
Locus-specific Sequencing EXON 2-4
Locus-specific Amplification Primer
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=
=
-20°C
-20°C
-20°C
-20°C
I
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
=
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
11
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Amplification Unit 2
=
Protrans S4 DRB1
Allele- and Allele-Group specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
=
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
PSD
4x
1.750
-20°C
Protrans S3 DRB1
Allele- and Allele-Group specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
Negative control
=
I
PSD
NC-ABC
2x
1x
1.750
140
Protrans Domino Stone DRB1
Haplotype-specific Sequencing
Allele- and Allele-Group specific Amplification
PCR Solution L
=
I
GSA
PSL
1x
3x
1.400
1.000
Protrans S2 DRB1
Allele-and Allele-Group-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
=
Protrans S1 HLA-DRB3
Locus-specific Sequencing
Locus-specific Amplification
=
-20°C
-20°C
-20°C
-20°C
I
PSD
1x
1.750
-20°C
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
Solution
Quantity
Volume/µl
I
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
Solution
Quantity
Volume/µl
I
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
PSD
NC-DQ
2x
1x
1.750
140
-20°C
-20°C
=
Protrans S1 HLA-DRB4
Locus-specific Sequencing
Locus-specific Amplification
=
Protrans S1 HLA-DRB5
Locus-specific Sequencing
Locus-specific Amplification
=
=
Protrans S3 HLA-DQB1
Single Allele and Locus-specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
Negative control
=
Protrans Domino Stone HLA-DQB1
Haplotype-specific Sequencing
Allele- and Allele-Group specific Amplification
PCR Solution L
I
GSA
PSL
1x
3x
1.400
1.000
-20°C
-20°C
=
=
=
Protrans S1 HLA-DQB1 EXON 2
Locus-specific Sequencing
Locus-specific Amplification
=
I
LSA
1x
360
Protrans S1 HLA-DQB1 EXON 3
Locus-specific Sequencing
Locus-specific Amplification
I
LSA
1x
360
=
12
=
Protrans
-20°C
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
-20°C
=
Protrans S2 HLA-DQA1
Allele Group specific Sequencing
PCR Solution D
=
=
Protrans S1 HLA-DPB1
Locus-specific Sequencing
Locus-specific Amplification
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
PSD
1x
1.750
-20°C
Solution
Tubes
Volume/µl
I
LSA
1x
360
-20°C
=
Content of the Amplification Unit components
Protrans S4 precoated Strips
5’ and 3’-primers
Cresol red in the negative control well
(last position)
Protrans S3 precoated Strips
5’ and 3’-primers
Protrans S2 precoated Strips
5’ and 3’-primers
Protrans Domino Stone Primer Mix
5’ and 3’-primers
Protrans S1 LSA Mix
PCR-Solution D (PSD)
PCR-Solution L (PSL)
Negative Control (NC)
Protrans
=
5’ and 3’-primers
Buffer
Nucleotides
Buffer
Nucleotides
Buffer
Nucleotides
5’ and 3’-primers
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
13
Sequencing Unit
Post PCR Area
=
Protrans HLA-A
Testkit
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 1
forward (natural)
Exon 1
reverse (natural)
Exon 2
forward (red)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
Exon 3
forward (blue)
Exon 3
reverse (blue)
Exon 4
forward (yellow)
Exon 4
reverse (yellow)
Tubes
µl
I
1x
360
-20°C
A-E1R
1x
360
-20°C
x
A-E2F
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
A-E2R
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
A-E3F
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
x
A-E3R
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
A-E4F
1x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
A-E4R
1x
360
-20°C
1 x;S4 2 x
400
4-8°C
µl
I
S4
S3
S1
x
x
x
S1 sw
Do.
St.
Tube
S4, S3, S2
x
A-E1F
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
LB
Do.
St
Protrans HLA-B
Testkit
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 1
forward (natural)
Exon 1
reverse (natural)
Exon 2
forward (red)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
Exon 3
forward (blue)
Exon 3
reverse (blue)
Exon 4
forward (yellow)
Exon 4
reverse (yellow)
Tubes
S4
S3
S1
x
x
x
S1 sw
Do.
St.
Tube
S4, S3, S2
x
B-E1F
1x
360
-20°C
x
x
B-E1R
1x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
x
x
B-E2F
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
x
x
B-E2R
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
x
x
B-E3F
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
x
x
B-E3R
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
B-E4F
1x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
B-E4R
1x
360
-20°C
400
4-8°C
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
14
=
Protrans
User Manual SBT
LB
Do.St
1 x;S4 2 x
Version 2010 07 01
Protrans HLA-C
Testkit
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 1
forward (natural)
Exon 1
reverse (natural)
Exon 2
forward (red)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
Exon 3
forward (blue)
Exon 3
reverse (blue)
Exon 4
forward (yellow)
Exon 4
reverse (yellow)
S4
S3
Tubes
Do.
St.
S1
Tube
in preparation
C-E1F
in preparation
C-E1R
S4, S3, S2
Do.
St
µl
I
x
x
x
=
x
C-E2F
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
=
x
C-E2R
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
=
x
C-E3F
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
=
x
C-E3R
1x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
C-E4F
1x
360
-20°C
x
x
x
C-E4R
1x
360
-20°C
LB
1 x;S4 2 x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
400
4-8°C
Protrans HLA-DRB1
Testkit
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 2
forward (blue)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
Tubes
S4
S3
S2
Do. St.
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Exon 2
Codon 86TG
=
x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
=
Tube
S4, S3, S2
Do.
St
µl
I
1x
5x
360
-20°C
1x
5x
360
-20°C
1x
1x
360
-20°C
400
4-8°C
DRE2F
DRE2R
DRcodon
86TG
LB
1 x;S4 2 x
Protrans HLA-DRB 3; 4; 5
Testkit
Tubes
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 2
forward (blue)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
S1
x
x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
=
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
Tube
DRE2A
DRE2B
LB
S1
µl
I
1x
360
-20°C
1x
360
-20°C
1x
400
4-8°C
Version 2010 07 01
15
Protrans HLA-DQB1 Exon 2
Testkit
Tubes
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 2
forward (blue)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
S1
Do. St.
x
x
x
x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
Tube
DQB2F
DQB2R
S1
Do.
St
µl
I
1x
5x
360
-20°C
1x
5x
360
-20°C
400
4-8°C
LB
1x
Protrans HLA-DQB1 Exon 3
Testkit
Tubes
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 3
forward (blue)
Exon 3
reverse (red)
S1
Do. St.
x
x
x
x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
Tube
DQB3F
DQB3R
S1
Do.
St
µl
I
1x
5x
360
-20°C
1x
5x
360
-20°C
400
4-8°C
LB
1x
Protrans HLA-DQB1 Exon 2 + 3
Testkit
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 3
forward (blue)
Exon 3
reverse (red)
Tubes
S3
Do. St.
Tube
S3
Do.
St
µl
I
x
x
DQB-F
2x
5x
360
-20°C
x
x
DQB-R
2x
5x
360
-20°C
400
4-8°C
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
LB
1x
Protrans HLA-DQA1
Testkit
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 2
forward (blue)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
Tubes
S2
DQAE2F
DQAE2R
x
x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
16
=
Protrans
Tube
User Manual SBT
LB
S2
µl
I
1x
360
-20°C
1x
360
-20°C
400
4-8°C
1x
Version 2010 07 01
Protrans HLA-DPB1
Testkit
Tubes
Sequencing
Primers
Exon 2
forward (blue)
Exon 2
reverse (red)
S1
x
x
Agarose-Gel Loading Buffer (colourless)
Tube
DPBE2F
DPBE2R
LB
S1
µl
I
1x
360
-20°C
1x
360
-20°C
400
4-8°C
1x
=
Content of the Sequencing Unit components
Sequencing Primers
5’ and 3’-primers
Loading Buffer
Gel Loading Solution
Note Refer to the Primer Mix Specificity Tables (Attachment) delivered with the kits to select
the appropriate PCR products and Sequencing Primers. Make sure that the version of the kit
and the version of the Primer Mix Specificity Tables are identical
Note
All reagents supplied with the Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits should be used
Amplification Primer Version specific and
Sequencing Primer LOT specific
Amplification Primer can not be mixed between different Versions as indicated on the
Attachment of each Kit
Sequencing Primer can not be mixed between different LOT´s as indicated as indicated on the
Attachment of each Kit
Note In case of damaged tubes or boxes malfunctions cannot be excluded.
Those Kits must not be used.
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
17
5.0 Storage and Shelf Life
=
I
Pre PCR Area
Amplification Unit 1
Precoated Strips
Amplification Unit 2
Buffers
4 – 8 °C
-20°C
=
I
Post PCR Area
Sequencing Unit
-20°C
Sequencing Primers
=
When stored under appropriate conditions the kit components can be used until the expiry date
indicated on the Pre PCR Box and Post PCR Box kit.
Open packages and Tubes must be closed and stored under the same conditions as closed packages
and Tubes and can be used until their expiry date.
Only components of the same kit Version can be used with each other and only until the marked
expiry date
6.0 Precautions and Warning:
IIVDI Reagents only for In Vitro Diagnostic use
In the US only for research (RUO)
The PROTRANS Testkits must be performed by well-trained and authorised laboratory technicians.
All reagents should be handled in accordance to good laboratory practice using appropriate precautions.
In addition , handle all patient samples as potentially infectious. Do not pipette by mouth.
All used PCR-Cyclerplates should be treated as potentially infectious and should
be destroyed according to the valid national guidelines.
Do not use reagents which are expired. See expiration date printed on the label.
Pre-PCR and Post-PCR rooms must be strictly separated.
Use separate pipettes in the Pre-PCR area and in the Post-PCR area
Ethidium bromide used for staining of DNA is a potential carcinogen. Always wear protective gloves
when handling stained gels. Waste management according to national guidelines.
Wear UV-blocking eye protection and avoid direct UV light when viewing or photographing gels.
See Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for detailed information. Available from Protrans.
18
=
Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
6.1 Materials and Equipment not supplied with the Kit
Pre PCR Area
1
©
SEQUENCE PILOT Software for automated allele assignment
PROTRANS
PROTRANS Pipetting Assistant (PPA) Software for documentation of DNAsamples (pipetting regime).
Transfer of generated information to the Platerecord of the sequencer
PROTRANS
DNA Extraction PROTRANS DNA Box 500
PROTRANS
Photometer for adjusting DNA concentration
multiple suppliers
Protrans PCR Workstation deep frozen block for pipetting PCR
PROTRANS
Vortexer
multiple suppliers
Mini Centrifuge
TM
AmpliTaq Gold
multiple suppliers
polymerase (5U/µl)
Applied Biosystems
=
Eppendorf Tubes 1,5ml
Rainin EDP3-plus
electronic Multistepper
Rainin L-20 Pipet-Lite
20-200µl
Dispensing Mastermix
PROTRANS
2-20µl
Taq-polymerase
PROTRANS
Rainin L-1000 Pipet-Lite
100-1000µl
PSD
PROTRANS
2-20µl
GP-L10F
red
PROTRANS
20-200µl
GP-L 200F
green
PROTRANS
100-1000µl
GP-L 1000F
blue
PROTRANS
Pipettes filter tips
Closing roller PCR-caps
multiple suppliers
Thermal cycler with heated lid
Note The PCR and sequencing cycle profiles provided in this manual have
been used with the Thermal Cyclers from Applied Biosystems GeneAmp PCR
Systems 2700, 9600 and 9700. They should also work with compatible
instruments but may require adjustments of the cycling profile or emulation of the
above instruments. See Appendix A, troubleshooting guide.
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
multiple suppliers
Version 2010 07 01
19
6.2
Materials and Equipment not supplied with the Kit
=
Post PCR Area
®
Rainin L-20 Pipet-Lite
Rainin EDP3 E3-20
Electronic Multistepper
Rainin EDP3 E3-100
Electronic Multistepper
Rainin EDP3-Plus E8-20
Electronic Multistepper
8 channel Multistepper
Rainin EDP3-Plus E8-300
Electronic Multistepper
8 channel Multistepper
Pipettes filter tips
2-20µl
ExoSAP–IT ;
Set-up sequencing reaction
PROTRANS
2-20µl
Big-Dyes
PROTRANS
10-100µl
Sequencing primers
PROTRANS
2-20µl
PCR products
PROTRANS
20-300µl
Ethanol precipitation
PROTRANS
2-20µl
GP-L10F
red
PROTRANS
20-200µl
GP-L 200F
green
PROTRANS
200-300µl RT-L300F
blue
Elektrophorese Unit PROTRANS Gel Check or Protrans Quattro-Gel Check
4 x 96 Amplificats in 4 Gels in 1 chamber
Agarose, molecular biology grade
PROTRANS
1x TAE/TBE-Buffer
PROTRANS
Heating block
multiple suppliers
Microwave oven
Ethidium bromide solution (10mg/ml)
multiple suppliers
W
PROTRANS
PROTRANS
WARNING CHEMICAL HAZARD. Ethidium bromide is a known mutagen. It
can change genetic material in a living cell. Before using ethidium bromide,
read the manufacturer’s MSDS, which gives information on physical
characteristics, hazards, precautions, first-aid, spill clean up, and disposal
procedures. Always wear appropriate protective eyewear, clothing, and gloves.
Photograph unit
multiple suppliers
Power supply
multiple suppliers
Transilluminator
PROTRANS
PCR 8-strips for Loading Buffer
multiple suppliers
PCR reaction plate 96 well and cap-strips
8 channel pipette transferring the Loading Buffer into a MicroAmp 96 –well
reaction plate or MicroAmp strips
for mixing the PCR Amplificats with Loading Buffer for loading into the Gel
PROTRANS AmpliPUR Fast for purification of PCR products
multiple suppliers
®
¹ ExoSAP-IT Exonuclease I/Shrimp Alkaline Phosphatase
for purification of PCR products
MicroAmp optical 96-well reaction Plate Part Number N801-0560
multiple suppliers
multiple suppliers
PROTRANS
USB Europe GmbH
www.usbweb.de
Art-Nr.: 78201, 78202
ABI
1
Applied Biosystems
Beckman Coulter
3
GE Healthcare
2
Automated DNA sequencing instrument and consumables
ABI Sequencer
¹ Big DyeTM Terminator Cycle Sequencing Kit version 1.1 (BDT v 1.1)
² CEQ
 8000 QuickStart Kit Beckmann Coulter
¹ MegaBACE DYEnamic
20
=
Protrans
TM
TM
ET Dye Terminator Kit (MegaBACE )
User Manual SBT
Applied Biosystems
Beckman Coulter
GE Healthcare
Version 2010 07 01
¹ Applied Biosystems
Note The Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits have been validated for the Applied 2
Beckman Coulter
Biosystems DNA Sequencers 3100 Genetic Analyzer and 3730 DNA Analyzer.
TM
¹
MegaBACE
They should also work with all other four-dye sequencing instruments available
GE Healthcare
PROTRANS DyePUR for purification of sequencing products
PROTRANS
1
GE Healthcare
Sephadex G-50 Fine DNA Grade for purification of sequencing products
96er plate centrifuge for purification of sequencing products on 96-well plates.
(Ethanol or PROTRANS PlatePUR)
EDTA-di Sodium 0,5M
multiple suppliers
Na Acetate 3M solution
Merck and other
Ethanol absolute pro analysis 100% for ethanol precipitation method
Merck
HPLC water
Merck
Aluminium cover foil for ethanol purification
PROTRANS
1
Merck and other
1
Note The reagents and instruments listed with have been validated for Protrans HLA
Sequencing Kits. Protrans does not take any responsibility when other materials or equipment
1
are used. The user must validate reagent and instruments other than those listed with
2
2
Note The reagents and instruments listed with have not been validated for Protrans HLA
Sequencing Kits. Protrans does not take any responsibility when these materials or equipment
2
are used. The Reagents and instruments listed with must be validated by the user.
7.0
Preparation and Processing of Samples
7.1
DNA Extraction and DNA concentration
Genomic DNA can be obtained from all nucleated cells. The simplest method is to isolate DNA
from cell suspensions (blood, buffy coat or cultured cells) for this multiple protocols and kits are
available. For DNA sequencing only those methods should be considered which provide DNA of
high quality and quantity.
PROTRANS DNA Box 500
The PROTRANS DNA extraction-kit PROTRANS DNA Box 500 provides high quality DNA,
optimized for PROTRANS HLA sequencing kits. Other extraction methods must be validated
before used in routine sequencing.
Note Use either EDTA or ACD- blood. Heparin anticoagulated blood should be avoided as
heparin has been shown to seriously affect PCR yield.
The DNA concentration must be 50 – 100 ng/µl
=
=
Working with human blood samples has the potential to transmit infectious
diseases and should be handled with precaution. Always wear appropriate
protective eyewear, clothing, and gloves
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
21
8.0
Program Thermocycler Protrans SBT
All Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits (Protrans S4, S3, S2, S1, and Domino Stones) are running
with the same Cycling Profiles for PCR Amplification and Cycle Sequencing
The program is standardised for all HLA Loci (Important Note: Ramp Rate 1°c/s)
8.1
PCR Amplification
=
CR - Step
Initial Denaturation
Denaturation
Annealing
Extension
Denaturation
Annealing
Extension
Denaturation
Annealing
Extension
Terminal cooling
Volume
=
Temperature
95°C
96°C
64°C
72°C
96°C
60°C
72°C
96°C
56°C
72°C
4°C
Time
2 min
40 sec
1 min
2 min
20 sec
1 min
2 min
20 sec
1 min
2 min
Cycles
Hold
15 Cycles
15 Cycles
10 Cycles
∞
Hold
15 µl
Purification of PCR Products
with ExoSAP-IT®
8.2
Step
1
Temperature
2
80°C
3
4°C
37°C
Time
Process
Degradation of primers
15 min
and dNTPs
15 min
Degradation of enzymes
After incubation and cooling to room temperature
the PCR products are ready for sequencing set-up
=
8.3.1
Cycle Sequencing ABI
=
Step
Initial Denaturation
Denaturation
Annealing
Extension
Terminal-Cooling
Volume
=
8.3.2
Temperature
96°C
96°C
50°C
60°C
4°C
Time
1 min
10 sec
5 sec
4 min
Cycles
Hold
25 Cycles
∞
Hold
10 µl
Cycle Sequencing Beckman
=
Step
Temperature
Time
Cycles
Denaturation
96°C
20 sec
30 Cycles
Annealing
50°C
20 sec
Extension
60°C
3 min
Terminal-Cooling
4°C
Hold
∞
Volume
10 µl
=
Note
The PCR and sequencing cycle profiles provided in this manual have been used with the
Thermal Cyclers from Applied Biosystems GeneAmp PCR Systems 2700, 9600 and 9700. They should
also work with compatible instruments but may require adjustments of the cycling profile or emulation of
the above instruments. See Appendix A, troubleshooting guide.
22
Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
=
9.0 Specificities of the Amplification Primers
The method is based on PCR amplifications starting with genomic DNA. The PCR amplification
reactions are covering at least exons 2 and 3 in HLA class I loci and exon 2 in HLA class II loci
and have been designed to be specific for a single group of HLA alleles only and a single HLA
locus. Each of the PCR formulations has been validated against a panel of well characterized
cell lines to ensure against non-specific amplification and preferential amplification of one allele
over another in heterozygote combinations.
The Protrans SBT Kits are continuously updated
The Attachment for each kit is LOT- Version and Database-specific. For interpretation of the
amplification-results and selection of the sequencing primers the Attachment delivered with the
kit Version and Database-specific must be used exclusively.
The Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits are continuously updated.
In order to provide the user with the most recent version of the kit, the Primer Mix Specifications
are listed as an Attachment in the Primer Mix Specification Tables delivered with each kit.
Please make sure that the Version of the kit is identical with the Version of the ATTACHMENT
the Primer Mix Specification Table in the Testkit.
10.0 PROTRANS S4 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans S4 HLA SBT Typing kits are designed to reach a maximal level of allele-specific
sequencing and in turn the lowest number of ambiguities.
This is achieved by splitting the Haplotypes before sequencing each Haplotype separately.
In HLA class I the DNA will be amplified with up to 14 Group-Specific PCR Amplifications
(GSA) and in addition a locus specific Amplification (LSA) in parallel covering Exons 1, Exon 2,
Exon 3 and Exon 4.
The Single Allele or Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 16-well PCR-Strips
In almost all cases sequence analysis of separately both alleles will be achieved.
In HLA class I special emphasis was put on the complete coverage of Exons 1, 2, 3, and 4 to
sort out nearly all ambiguities caused by variations outside Exons 2 and 3.
In HLA class II the DNA will be amplified with up to 14 Group-Specific PCR Amplifications
(GSA) in parallel covering the complete Exon 2. loci
The Single Allele or Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 16-well PCR-Strips
In almost all cases sequence analysis of separately both alleles will be achieved.
In HLA-DRB1 a special emphasis was put on the separation of the DR52-associated HLA-DRB1
alleles to ensure unambiguous results in nearly all samples
Special emphasis was put on the location of the sequencing primers to ensure complete Exon
sequences in both orientations.
For ease of use
The Allele- and Allele-Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 16-well PCR-Strips. The
colour of the strips are for each HLA-locus different.
The Test procedure and the Thermocycler-program for the Amplification, for Cycle Sequencing
and the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and for all HLA loci and
identical.
The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all HLA loci.
It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits with the different
Protrans Sequencing Strategies.
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
23
10.1. Protrans S4 Sequencing Kits pre-coated PCR Strips
HLA-A
HLA-B
HLA-C
HLA-DRB1
24
=
Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
10.2. Set-up Amplification Protrans S4 Sequencing Kits
Documentation of DNA-samples with Protrans Pipetting Assistant or pipetting scheme form
Place reagents and strips in PROTRANS PCR Workstation –20°C
=
1
16-well PCR Strip
2
PROTRANS PCR Solution D (PSD)
3
AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase
4
DNA sample
Vortex all reagents and spin down with mini-table centrifuge=
=
Master Mix for each DNA sample
Reaction tube 1,5ml
280 µl
PCR Solution (PSD)
1
3,0 µl
2
AmpliTaq Gold
 DNA polymerase
Vortex master mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
=
Master Mix in Position 14 Negative Control (N)
in Protrans 16-well PCR Strip
20µl
DNA sample (50-100ng/µl) in the Master Mix
4
Vortex master mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
3
15µl
5
15µ
=
Master Mix in Protrans 16-well PCR Strip
with electronic Multistepper (RAININ)
=
Close 16-PCR strip. Place the strips in the thermocycler and start the PCR amplification program
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
25
10.3. Protrans S3 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans
S3 Sequencing Kits are designed to match the requirements of high
sample throughput as well as allele-specific sequencing for less ambiguities.
This is achieved by splitting the Haplotypes before sequencing each Haplotype separately.
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-A, B, C the DNA will be amplified with 7 Group-Specific PCR
Amplification Mixes (GSA) and in addition a Locus specific Amplification Mix (LSA).
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-DQB1 the DNA will be amplified with 6 Group-Specific PCR
Amplifications Mixes (GSA) and in addition 2 Locus specific Amplification Mixes (LSA).
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-DRB1 the DNA will be amplified with 8 Group-Specific PCR
Amplifications (GSA).
=
If the GSA reactions do not indicate two separate alleles the LSA reaction must be sequenced.
This ensures in all cases the recognition of both alleles.==
In the Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-class I Exons 1, Exon 2, Exon 3 and Exon 4 and in the
Protrans SBT Test kit HLA-class II Exon 2 (DRB1, DQB1) and Exon 3 (DQB1)are covered.
The Amplification Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 8-well PCR-Strips and each HLA-locus in a
different color.
In most cases sequence analysis of separately both alleles will be achieved.
In HLA class I special emphasis was put on the complete coverage of Exons 1, 2, 3, and 4 to
sort out nearly all ambiguities caused by variations outside Exons 2 and 3.
Special emphasis was put on the location of the sequencing primers to ensure complete Exon
sequences in both orientations.
For ease of use
• The Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted in 8-well PCR-Strips
• The Test procedure and the Thermocyclerprogram for the Amplification, Cycle
Sequencing and the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and
for all HLA loci identical.
• The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all
HLA loci.
• It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
• It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits in the different
Protrans Sequencing Strategies.
26
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
10.4 Protrans S3 Sequencing Kits pre-coated PCR Strips
HLA-A, B, C
HLA-DRB1
=
=
HLA-DQB1
=
=
=
10.5 Set-up Amplification Protrans S3 Sequencing Kits
Documentation of DNA-samples with Protrans Pipetting Assistant or pipetting scheme form
Place reagents and strips in PROTRANS PCR Workstation –20°C
=
1
8-well PCR Strip
2
PROTRANS PCR Solution D (PSD)
3
AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase
4
DNA sample
Vortex all reagents and spin down with mini-table centrifuge=
=
Master Mix for each DNA sample
Reaction tube 1,5ml
140 µl
PCR Solution (PSD)
1
1,5 µl
2
AmpliTaq Gold
 DNA polymerase
Vortex master mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
=
10µl
DNA sample (50-100ng/µl) in the Master Mix
3
Vortex master mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
=
15µ
4
Master Mix in Protrans 8-well PCR Strip
with electronic Multistepper (RAININ)
=
Close 16-PCR strip. Place the strips in the thermocycler and start the PCR amplification program
=
Protrans S3 HLA Sequencing Kit negative control should be performed for each series of DNAs
tested to exclude contamination of the PCR solution and AmpliTaq GoldTM DNA Polymerase
=
Protrans
=
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
27
10.6. PROTRANS Domino Stones HLA SBT Sequencing Kits
The Protrans Domino Stones are designed for a maximal flexibility to match individual
requirements of the HLA laboratory.
The Domino Stones Locus- and different Group-Specific PCR Amplification Mixes (Domino
Stones) are supplied separately to allow an individual set up according to the individual
requirements.
Using the Protrans Domino Stones it is for all HLA loci possible to change the low
resolution typing result from other techniques (SSP or SSO) in a 4-digit high resolution
result.
The Locus- and Group-Specific PCR Amplifications are covering at least Exons 2 and 3 in HLA
class I loci and Exon 2 in HLA class II loci.
For ease of use
• The Test procedure and the Thermocycler-program for the Amplification, Cycle Sequencing
and the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and for all HLA loci
identical.
• The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all HLA loci.
• It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
• It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits in the different Protrans
Sequencing Strategies.
10.7 Set-up Amplification Protrans Domino Stone Sequencing Kits
Documentation of DNA-samples with Protrans Pipetting Assistant or pipetting scheme form
Place reagents and PCR-strips in PROTRANS PCR Workstation –20°C
=
1
Single Tube, 8-well PCR Strip or 96 well PCR plate
Domino Stones (Amplification Primer Mixes)
2
for different HLA loci Allele or Allele-Group specific
3
PROTRANS PCR Solution L (PSL)
4
AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase
5
DNA sample
Vortex all reagents and spin down with mini-table centrifuge=
=
Master Mix for 1 DNA sample
Reaction tube 1,5ml
8,85 µl
PCR Solution (PSL)
1
0,15 µl
2
AmpliTaq Gold
 DNA polymerase
Vortex Master Mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
=
9 µl
2
Master Mix in 1 -well of a PCR Strip
with electronic Multistepper (RAININ)
=
Domino Stone Amplification Primer Mix
in 1 -well of a PCR Strip
Vortex DNA sample and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
3
5 µl
3
1 µl
=
DNA sample (50-100ng/µl) in the specific well of
the strip to the Domino Stone.
=
Close PCR strip. Place the strips in the thermocycler and start the PCR amplification program
=
Protrans Domino Stone negative control should be performed for each series of DNAs tested to
TM
exclude contamination of the PCR solution and AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
10.8. PROTRANS S2 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans S2 sequencing kits are designed to match the requirements of very high sample
throughput as well as allele-specific sequencing for less ambiguities.
This is achieved by applying 4 Group-Specific PCR Amplifications (GSA) in parallel covering at
least exons 2 and 3 in HLA class I loci and Exon 2 in HLA class II loci allowing in many cases
sequence analysis of both alleles separately.
For ease of use
• The 4 Group-Specific Primer Mixes are pre-pipetted twice in a 8-well PCR-Strips
• The Test procedure and the Thermocycler-program for the Amplification, Cycle Sequencing and
the Settings of the Sequencer are for all Protrans Sequencing Kits and for all HLA loci identical.
• The Purification of the PCR Products and Sequencing Products are identically for all HLA loci.
• It is very easy to type different HLA loci of several DNA Samples in parallel.
• It is always possible to combine the different Protrans Sequencing Kits in the different Protrans
Sequencing Strategies.
=
10.9 Protrans S2 Sequencing Kits pre-coated PCR Strips
10.10 Set-up Amplification Protrans S2 Sequencing Kits
Documentation of DNA-samples with Protrans Pipetting Assistant or pipetting scheme form
Place reagents and strips in PROTRANS PCR Workstation –20°C
=
1
8-well PCR Strip
2
PROTRANS PCR Solution D (PSD)
3
AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase
4
DNA sample
Master Mix for each DNA sample
Reaction tube 1,5ml
=
70 µl
PCR Solution (PSD)
1
0,75 µl
2
AmpliTaq Gold
 DNA polymerase
Vortex master mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
=
5 µl
DNA sample (50-100ng/µl) in the Master Mix
3
Vortex master mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
=
15µ
4
Master Mix in Protrans 8-well PCR Strip
with electronic Multistepper (RAININ)
=
Close 16-PCR strip. Place the strips in the thermocycler and start the PCR amplification program
=
Protrans S2 HLA Sequencing Kit negative control should be performed for each series of DNAs
tested to exclude contamination of the PCR solution and AmpliTaq GoldTM DNA Polymerase
Protrans
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29
10.11. Protrans
S1 Sequencing Kits
The Protrans S1 Sequencing Kits are designed to match the requirements of very high
sample throughput as well as extended sequencing in HLA class I to sort out all ambiguities
caused by variations outside exons 2 and 3. This is achieved by Locus-Specific PCR
Amplification (LSA) covering exons 1, 2, 3 and 4 in HLA class I Loci and exon 2 in HLA class II
loci allowing sequence analysis of both alleles simultaneously. A special emphasis was put on
the location of the sequencing primers to ensure complete exon sequences in both orientations.
For ease of use the Locus-Specific Amplification Mix is ready for use.
A variant of the Protrans S1 kit design is the Protrans S1 swift Sequencing Kit. The Protrans
S1swift Sequencing Kit is designed to match the requirements of very high sample throughput.
This is achieved by Locus-Specific PCR Amplification (LSA) covering exons 2 and 3 in HLA
class I loci leaving ambiguities due to variations outside Exon 2 and 3 unsolved. A special
emphasis was put on the generation of short PCR products to increase robustness in case of
DNA of lower quality. For ease of use the Locus-Specific Amplification Mix is ready for use.
The PCR Amplification set up for Protrans S1 and Protrans S1swift Sequencing Kits is
identical.
10.12 Set-up Amplification Protrans S1 Sequencing Kits
Documentation of DNA-samples with Protrans Pipetting Assistant or pipetting scheme form
Place reagents and PCR-strips in PROTRANS PCR Workstation –20°C
=
1
Single Tube, 8-well PCR Strip or 96 well PCR plate
Domino Stones (Amplification Primer Mixes)
2
for different HLA loci Allele or Allele-Group specific
3
PROTRANS PCR Solution D (PSL)
4
AmpliTaq Gold DNA Polymerase
5
DNA sample
Vortex all reagents and spin down with mini-table centrifuge=
=
Master Mix for 1 DNA sample
Reaction tube 1,5ml
12 µl
S1 LSA Mix
1
0,15 µl
2
AmpliTaq Gold
 DNA polymerase
Vortex Master Mix and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
=
12 µl
3
Master Mix in 1 -well of a PCR Strip
with electronic Multistepper (RAININ)
=
Vortex DNA sample and spin down with mini-table centrifuge
DNA sample (50-100ng/µl) in the specific well of
3 µl
4
the strip
Close PCR strip. Place the strips in the thermocycler and start the PCR amplification program
=
Protrans S1 HLA Sequencing Kit negative control should be performed for each series of DNAs
tested to exclude contamination of the PCR solution and AmpliTaq GoldTM DNA Polymerase
=
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Version 2010 07 01
11.0 Analysis of PCR Amplification results.
Determing the Haplotypes
The PCR products are identified by fluorescent agarose gel electrophoresis followed by UV
detection of the PCR bands.
1
Preparation of 2% Agarose gel.
2
1x TBE oder 1x TAE buffer
3
2 µl
Loading Buffer dispense with Multi-Stepper in a PCR strip or 96-well PCR plate.
5 µl
PCR amplification reaction mix each PCR amplification reaction with 2µl loading
buffer. (Use a 8-channel pipette compatible with microplate formats)
of this Mixture load directly on the gel with the same tips
(e.g. use PROTRANS Quattro-Gel-Check system 1 chamber, 4 Gels, 96 slots).
Run the gel in 1X TBE at 20 V/cm for 5 - 20 min. For example, with the
PROTRANS Gel-Check electrophoresis chamber a run at 200 V for 5 min.
4
5
5 µl
6
0.2 µg/ml ethidium bromide.
=
12.0 Documentation of positive Reactions Assignment of Haplotypes
Photograph the PCR amplification pattern and record the results on a copy of the Protrans
Attachment, the Primer Mix Specification Tables provided with each kit and determine the PCR
products to be sequenced. An amplification reaction is considered positive if an intensive PCR
fragment occurs.
The Protrans S1 and Protrans Domino Stones PCR product can directly be purified and
sequenced without Agarose gel analysis.
In the Protrans S4, S3 and S2 HLA Sequencing Kits depending on the alleles present in the
DNA sample to be investigated one, two, three or four PCRs can be positive. The amplification
pattern should be consistent with the specificities listed in the Protrans Attachment (Primer Mix
Specification Tables).
Note It is recommended to select those PCR products for sequencing that have not been
generated by overlapping primer mixes. If a PCR-based separation of alleles is not achieved, it
is strongly recommended to sequence in both orientations.
Note The PCR amplification pattern should be in concordance with the specificity table and
give a conclusive result. If the PCR amplification pattern is inconclusive, e.g. by indicating the
presence of more than two alleles, then contamination or a variant allele may exist. If the
negative control excludes contamination sequencing of two PCR products can be performed. If
the sequencing results indicate identical sequences the other group-specific PCR products
should be sequenced.
Note The related positive amplification control should be positive and the related negative
amplification control must be negative to exclude contamination.
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31
2 PCR are positive (2 Haplotypes)
If two PCRs are positive, both PCR products must be sequenced, each in a single
orientation, forward or reverse.
If more than two PCRs are positive, those PCR products with the least specificity
overlap must be sequenced, each in a single orientation, forward or reverse.
If the PCR amplification pattern is not consistent with the Primer Mix Specification
Tables, e.g. by indicating the presence of more than two alleles, a contamination or a
variant allele may exist. If the negative control excludes contamination single orientation
sequencing of the PCR products with the least specificity overlap must be performed. If
the sequencing results give identical sequences of these PCR products the other
Group-Specific PCR products have to be sequenced to exclude homozygosity.
=
=
Only one PCR is positive
If only one PCR is positive, the LSA PCR product or, in HLA-DRB1, this GSA PCR
product must be sequenced in both orientations, forward and reverse.
Note The HLA-DRB1 sequencing kits are based on group-specific sequence
diversities outside exon 2. For several HLA-DRB1 alleles these sequences are not
available yet. It has been shown that outside exon 2 HLA-DRB1 alleles are conserved
within allelic groups and are thus amplified by the dedicated primer mix. However, it
cannot be completely excluded that some alleles with unknown motifs outside exon 2
are not covered by the HLA-DRB1 primer mixes. It is important to be aware of this
possible limitation and it is strongly recommended to perform low-resolution typing by
PCR-based methods if only a single allele has been identified.
Mark the positive PCR primer mixes in the Protrans Attachment
Select Haplotypes that will be sequenced
Type result in Protrans Pipetting Assistant or pipetting scheme form
Generate purification plate and sequencing plate with PROTRANS Pipetting Assistant
=
32
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
13.0 Protrans Attachment
LOT
PCR MIX
S4 HLA -*A Specificity
S4 HLA -*B Specificity
01
A*01, *36
01
B*07, *48, *8101, w.o. B*4802
02
A*02
02
B*08,*42
03
A*03
03
B* 13
04
A*11
04
B*15, *45, *46, *49, *50, *4026 *4427
05
A*23, *24, *0103, w.o.A *2433
05
B*18, *37
06
A*25, *26, *34, *43, *66
06
B*27, *3542, *4002 group, *47, *82, w.o. B*270504
07
A*68, *69, *3401, *3405, *6602, *6603
07
B*35, *4802, *51, *52, *53, *5606, *58, *78
08
A*29, *31, *32, *33, *74, w.o A*3204
08
B*14, *38, *39, *6701
09
A*31, *33
09
B*4001 group, *41
10
A*29, *32, *74, w.o.A*3204
10
B*41
11
A*30, *0102
11
B*42, w.o. B*4202
12
A*8001
12
B*44, *8301?, w.o.B*4415, *4418
13
All HLA-A Alleles
13
B*54, *55, *56, *5901, w.o. B*5606
14
B*57
15
15
All HLA-B Alleles
16
16
Neg. Amplification Control
14
LOT
PCR MIX
Negative Amplification control
S4 HLA -*C Specificity
Version
PCR MIX
S4 HLA -*DRB1 Specificity
01
Cw*01
01
DRB1*01
02
Cw*02 , *1511
02
DRB1*15, *16
03
Cw*03
03
DRB1*03, *1315, *1402, *1406, *1413, w.o. DRB1*0317,*1417
04
Cw*04 , *14
04
DRB1*04
05
Cw*05, *08
05
DRB1*03, *11, *13, *14, *0806, w.o. DRB1*1317
06
Cw*06, *18, w.o. Cw *06020102
06
DRB1*08, *11, *13, *14, w.o. DRB1*1402, *1406, *1413
07
Cw*05, *07, *08
07
DRB1*03, *11, *13, *1402, *1403, *1406, *1413, *1417, *1421,
DRB1*0806, w.o. DRB1 *0317, *1313
08
Cw*14
08
DRB1*12
09
Cw*16
09
DRB1*1301, *1302, *1334, *1417, *1421
10
Cw*18
10
DRB1*14, *1117, w.o. DRB1*1402, *1403, *1406,*1413, *1417
11
Cw*01, *03, *04, *14, *18
11
DRB1*07
12
Cw*02, *05, *06, *08, *12, *15, *16, *17
12
DRB1*08, *1317, w.o. DRB1 *0806
13
All HLA-C Alleles
13
DRB1*09
14
DRB1*10
14
Negative Amplification Control
15
15
Positive Amplification Control
16
16
Negative Amplifikation Control
LOT
PCR MIX S3 HLA -*DQB1 Specificity
01
02
03
Version
Foto
DQB1*02
DQ3 – Group 1 (DQB1 *0301, *0304, *0309,
*0310, *0312,*0313)
DQ3 – Group 2 (DQB1 *0302,*0303, *0305 *03080, *0311)
04
DQB1*04
05
DQB1*05
06
DQB1*06
07
All HLA – DQB1 Alleles Exon 3
08
All HLA – DQB1 Alleles Exon 2
Protrans
=
Version
PCR MIX
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
33
14.0 Purification of the Haplotypes
Purification of the positive PCR-Products
The PCR products have to be purified before using them as sequencing templates
because residual PCR primers and nucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs) can interfere with
the sequencing chemistry resulting in lower data quality.
14.1 PROTRANS AmpliPur-Fast
The PROTRANS AmpliPUR-Fast PCR purification kit provides a convenient tool for
fast and efficient direct purification of PCR products.
Instruction
150µl
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
30µl
Binding Buffer
vortex and pipet into the PCR products which have to be purified
place Protrans Spin filter in the marked Protrans Receiver Tubes 2,0ml
PCR product with Binding Buffer pipet in the center of the spin column
Protrans Receiver Tubes centrifuge at 10.000 rpm
place Protrans Spin filter in new marked Protrans Receiver Tubes 1,5ml
Elution Buffer (EB) pipet in the center of the Protrans spin column
Incubation at RT
centrifuge at 6.000 rpm
3 Min
1 Min
1 Min
14.2 ExoSAP-IT® Purification
Purification of the PCR-products with Exonuclease I and shrimp alkaline phosphatase
®
enzyme mix ExoSAP-IT ,. Degradation of unbound primers and dNTPs.
Instruction
®
1
3µl
ExoSAP-IT Vortex before use. Pre-pipet in PCR strips or PCR plate
2
10µl
PCR Product (Haplotype)
which has to be purified pipet to defined position on PCR plate
3
PCR strips or PCR plate seal, spin down and place in thermocycler
=
Thermocyclerprogram
34
=
37°C
15 min
Degradation of primers and dNTPs
80°C
15 min
Degradation of enzymes
4°C
After incubation and cooling to room temperatur e the PCR products are ready for
sequencing set-up
Protrans
User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
14.3 Beads fishing Method
®
An alternative to the ExoSAP-IT purification is the use of Agencourt AMPure beads-based
technology (Beckman Coulter, 2.3) which fishes the PCR products by attaching them to the
beads and allowing to wash away the residual primers and dNTPs. This technique does not
need a thermal cycler and can easily be automated. The beads purification is compatible with
low to high throughput formats using single tubes, 96 or 384 well microplates.
15.0 Selection of Sequencing Primers
The Protrans S4, S3, S2 and
Protrans Domino Stones HLA Sequencing Kits
are designed to amplify and sequence both alleles separately.
S1
HLA Sequencing Kits
The Protrans
are designed to amplify and sequence both alleles simultaneously.
Note Refer Protrans Attachment (Primer Mix Specification Tables) for sequencing primer
selection.
In HLA class I
at least Exons 2 and 3 should be sequenced to get 4-digit HLA typing results.
In HLA class II
at least Exon 2 should be sequenced to get 4-digit HLA typing results.
For lower resolution HLA typing results less sequence information may be sufficient.
If separation of the alleles is achieved, (2 Haplotypes)
it is sufficient to sequence each of the two selected PCR products in a single orientation.
In HLA class I
getting complete Exon sequences it is recommended to use the
Reverse Sequencing Primers Exon 2 (E2R) and Exon 3 (E3R)
In HLA class II
getting complete Exon sequences it is recommended to use the
Forward sequencing primers Exon 2 (E2F)
If a PCR-based separation of the alleles is not archieved,
sequencing in both orientations is required. In order to avoid ambiguities even in heterozygous
sequencing due to undefined cis linkages of sequence motifs the use of Sequence-Specific
Sequencing Primers allows a selective sequencing of only one of the two alleles. Together with
the result of the heterozygous sequencing an unambiguous cis linkage definition of both alleles
can then be obtained.
Sequence-Specific Sequencing Primer HLA-DRB1 (DR-86TG)
is presently available for codon 86-selective sequencing
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35
15.1 Set up Sequencing Reaction
The DNA is splitted into 2 Haplotypes
=
HLA class I
Haplotype 1
Exon 2
Reverse -E2R
forward -E2F
Exon 3
Reverse -E3R
forward -E3F
Exon 2
Reverse -E2R
forward -E2F
Exon 3
Reverse -E3R
forward -E3F
=
Haplotype 2
=
HLA class II
Haplotype 1
Exon 2
Forward -E2F
reverse -E2R
=
Haplotype 1
Exon 2
Forward -E2F
reverse -E2R
=
It is possible to sequence each Haplotype only in one direction
=
15.2 Set up Sequencing Reaction
Only 1 Allele or only the Locus specific Amplification Product (LSA)
=
HLA class I
Haplotype
Exon 2
forward -E2F
reverse -E2R
Exon 3
forward -E3F
reverse -E3R
=
Locus specific
Amplification (LSA)
Exon 2
forward -E2F
reverse -E2R
Exon 3
forward -E3F
reverse -E3R
HLA class II
Haplotype
Exon 2
forward -E2F
reverse -E2R
Codon 86TG
Locus specific Amplification (LSA)
Exon 2
forward -E2F
reverse -E2R
Codon 86TG
=
In most cases sequencing of exons 2 and 3 may be sufficient even for 4-digit typing and is always
sufficient if only a 2-digit typing information is required
The sequences of exons 1 and 4 may be required to sort out certain ambiguities as well as
non-expressed (null) alleles.
Attachment (see Kit insert):
shows Specificities of the Amplification Primer and additional possibilities
to use Sequencing-Primers for Exon 1 or Exon 4.
Exon 1 reverse sequencing may also be possible by extending the sequencing run of
Exon 2 reverse.
Exon 2 forward sequencing may also be possible by extending the sequencing run of
Exon 1 forward.
However, this requires longer high quality reads and specific settings of the sequencing
instrument. Moreover, in certain allele-combinations a deletion in intron 1 causes a
chromatogram shift inhibiting sequence analysis of Exons 1 and 2, respectively.
36
=
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16.0 Instruction Set up Sequencing reaction (3-dot-Method)
N=
Generate sequencing plate
with Protrans Pipetting Assistant (Protrans SEQ 1) or Pipetting Scheme form
2
In Protrans
PCR Workstation -20°C
3
Vortex Big DyeTerminators
4
2µl
5
Spin down sequencing primers with mini-table centrifuge
6
6µl
Sequencing Primers dispense to the left side of the wells in the
MicroAmp optical Plate. (RAININ Multistepper)
7
2µl
Purified PCR Product pipet in the middle of the wells in the
MicroAmp optical plate (RAININ Multistepper)
8
Seal the plate carefully and place the plate in the thermocycler.
Start the cycle sequencing program
=
PCR plate or MicroAmp optical plate
Big DyeTerminators
Sequencing primers
=
=
Big Dyes dispense to the left side of the wells in the
MicroAmp optical plate. (RAININ Multistepper)
=
=
=
=
=
Note If sequencing reactions give to strong signals a dilution of the BDT RR Mix might be
appropriate, beginning with a 1:2 dilution.
Dilute Big Dye Terminators 1.1 with 5x Sequencing Buffer 1:2,
Note If sequencing reactions give rise to background signals or a to strong signal decline a
dilution of the PCR product may be appropriate, beginning with a 1:2 dilution.
Protrans
=
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Version 2010 07 01
37
17.0 Purifying Sequencing Reactions
17.1==PROTRANS DyePUR
The sequencing products have to be purified to remove unincorporated dye terminators.
The PROTRANS DyePUR purification kit for purifying sequencing reactions is based on spin
filtration using Sephadex G-50 and PROTRANS DyePUR columns. The method provides high
quality sequence data.
Preparation of the Sephadex gel for 20 columns
1
50ml Falcon tube
2
1g
Sephadex
 G-50 DNA Grade F
3
12ml
HPLC Water (Merck)
4
Incubation at RT mix or vortex several time during incubation
30 min.
=
Mark the Protrans Receiver Tubes (2ml)
5
8
A few minutes before thermocycler program for sequencing reaction ends
Fill the columns with Sephadex gel suspension about ¾ of the tube.
Use a plastic Pasteur pipette
Centrifuge the Protrans Receiver Tubes with the Filter Columns at
2000x g
90 sec.
Spinning time and g force must be kept exactly
Mark Protrans Receiver Tubes 1,5 ml reaction tubes according to the number of sequencing
reactions which have to be purified, and place the PROTRANS Filter columns with
Sephadex gel suspension in Protrans Receiver Tubes 1,5 ml.
Purification of Sequencing Products
1
3
Take one spin column out of Protrans Receiver Tubes 1,5 ml and keep in hand
Sequencing Product
pipet carefully to the center of the angled surface of the pre-spinned Sephadex
column. Pay attention that the tip is not touching the Sephadex gel. Careful
application of the sample to the center of the bed is essential for good separation. Do
not allow any of the sample to flow around the sides of the Sephadex column
Place spin filter back in marked 1,5ml tube
4
Spin Protrans column down at exactly
2
10µl
2000xg
Spinning time and g force must be kept exactly
Until loading the marked sequencing products should be stored at 4-8°C
or for longer periods at -20° protected from light.
5
=
Sequencing set-up
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1
18µl
HPLC water
pipet in a MicroAmp Optical plate.
2
2µl
Purified Sequencing Product
pipet in a MicroAmp Optical plate, always use new filtertips
3
The sequencing products are ready for loading into sequencing instruments
Until loading the plates should be stored at 4-8°C protected from light=
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1 Min.
17.2 Ethanol Precipitation
80% Ethanol: 8 parts Ethanol 100% and 2 parts HPLC water.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Spin briefly the 96-well MicroAmp Optical plate with the Sequencing products
Take the EDTA/NaOAc buffer vortex/spin down gently before opening vial
and keep on ice (Protrans PCR-Workstation)
NaOAc/EDTA buffer (Teknova, cat.-no. S2080) pipet to each sequencing reaction.
2µ
µl Add the drop to the wall of each well using an 8-channel-multi dispensing pipette.
Note: The static can keep the drop at the tip, assure dispensing.
Spin MicroAmp Optical plate briefly
25µ
µl 100% Ethanol pipet to each well using an 8-channel-multi dispensing pipette
Vortex the plate thoroughly.
Using a flat support over the tray to prevent any splash (e.g. aluminium plate)
Note: Incomplete mixing will result in poor quality data.
Spin MicroAmp Optical plate at for
2.000x g
Immediately remove supernatant by inverting and gently tapping tray on paper towels
Place the inverted tray with the paper towels in the centrifuge.
Spin MicroAmp Optical plate at to remove the supernatant.
180x g
30 sec
30 min
20 sec
Note: Centrifugation is important to ensure complete removal of the degraded products
11
50µ
µl 80% Ethanol pipet to each well using an 8-channel-multi dispensing pipette.
Spin MicroAmp Optical plate at for
2.000 x g
Immediately remove supernatant by inverting and gently tapping tray on paper towels.
Place the inverted MicroAmp Optical plate with the paper towels in the centrifuge
Spin MicroAmp Optical plate to remove the supernatant at
180x g.
12
13
14
5 min
20 sec
Note: Centrifugation is important to ensure complete removal of the degraded products
17
Dry the tray for in dark ambient (reactions are light sensitive)
HPLC water to each well, using an 8-channel pipette.
10µ
µl
Resuspend the sequencing Products by pipetting 3 x up and down
90µ
µl HPLC water to each well, using an 8-channel pipette. Close the plate and vortex!
18
Spin MicroAmp Optical plate briefly and place on the ABI Support Base,
19
Place a Full Plate Septa mat on the tray, followed by the 96 Well Plate Retainer and
place the complete tray onto the ABI Sequencer
15
16
15 min
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^äíÉêå~íáîÉ=píÉéë
Preparing 125mM Sodium EDTA (pH 7.0): 1 part 0,5M EDTA and 3 parts HPLC-H2O
2µl
4
2µl
125 mM EDTA (pH 7.0)
add to the sequencing reactions (Single or 8 channel Multistepper). Use filter tip.
3 M Sodium Acetate (pH 5.2)
add to the sequencing reactions (Single or 8 channel Multistepper). Use filter tip.
=
15µ
µl of Hi Di Formamide to each well, using an 8-channel-multi dispensing pipette.
Close the plate
17.1 Incubate at 95°C (Thermocycler)
2 min
17.2 Keep on ice (Protrans PCR-Workstation)
2 min
16
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39
17.3 Alternative Purification methods
comprise amongst others Agencourt CleanSEQ beads purification technology, Ethanol
precipitation or Millipore Montage filter technology which have all been shown to yield highquality data. These techniques can also be applied in a 96-well format for high throughput
requirements. Moreover, the Agencourt and Millipore technologies have a good potential for
automation. Multiple other methods are available for purifying sequencing reactions and may be
used if validated in the laboratory.
18.0 Preparing Sequencing Reactions for Electrophoresis
The different sequencing instruments may require different preparations of the samples prior to
loading them on the gel or the capillary. The following chapters describe preparing samples for
the capillary sequencers 310, 3100, 3130, 3700 and 3730 and the slab gel sequencer 377
(Applied Biosystems). For other DNA Sequencers the preparations described may be suitable
as well. For detailed information refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
To prepare purified sequencing reactions for capillary electrophoresis resuspension in
formamide or water is possible. For ease of use, higher reproducibility and higher data quality
the water protocol is recommended for the Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits.
Preparing Sequencing Reactions for Capillary Electrophoresis
As already desribed in 22.1.and 22.2 dilute the purfied Sequencing Reaction
10 µl
Purified Sequencing Reaction with
90 µl
HPLC water
Seal the plate or tubes appropriately and place them on the autosampler.
=
Note Different sequencers may have different fluorescence detection sensitivities and may
therefore require different dilutions.
Note If less or more DyeTerminators are used in the sequencing reaction as specified in 17 the
dilution of the purfied Sequencing Reaction must be adapted.
Note The remaining Sequencing Reaction may be stored as a back-up at 4°C for several days in
the dark.
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Preparing Sequencing Reactions for Slab Gel Electrophoresis
=
Dry the purified sequencing samples in a vacuum centrifuge or in a heating block at 70°C
45 min.
Loading Buffer (recrystallized formamide and blue dextran/EDTA solution 5:1; prepare
4 µl
fresh for each use).resuspend the dried Sequencing Sample.
If spin filtration was used (18.1 skip 5) don´t dilute add 4µl Loading Buffer
If Etanol precipitation was used (18.2 step 15) don´t dilute add 4µl Loading Buffer
Note Different sequencers may have different fluorescence detection sensitivities and may
therefore require different dilutions.
Note If less or more DyeTerminators are used in the sequencing reaction as specified in 3.4.1 the
dilution of the purfied sequencing reaction must be adapted.
Denature resuspended samples at 90°C for 2 minutes and keep on ice until loading on the gel.
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19.0 Running the Instruments
fåëíêìãÉåí=éä~í
fåëíêìãÉåí=éä~íÑçêãë=
Ñçêãë=
The Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits are compatible with all four-dye sequencing instruments
available. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for standard runs. A read length of 350 bases
is sufficient.
Applied Biosystems
Capillary: 310, 3100, 3130, 3700 and 3730 Slab Gel: 377
GE Healthcare
Capillary: MegaBACE 500, 1000, 4000
Beckman
Capillary: CEQ8
MJ Research
Slab Gel: BaseStation, BaseStation51
For comprehensive information on these instruments and for running other four-dye DNA
Sequencers refer to the user‘s manual of the manufacturers.
Note The Protrans HLA Sequencing Kits have been validated for the Applied Biosystems
DNA Sequencers 3100 Genetic Analyzer and 3730 DNA Analyzer. Other four-dye sequencing
instruments should be validated before routine use
20.0 Identifying HLA alleles Protrans Allele Identification Software
The final step in sequence analysis consists in the allele assignment using the Protrans
©
Software Sequence Pilot Allele Identification Software (JSI medical systems, www.jsimedisys.de). This program performs allele identification based on the cDNA sequence database
of all HLA class I and class II exon sequences, detects heterozygous positions as well as
mismatches with the sequence database, allows manual review or editing of the sequencing
data as well as reporting, exporting, printing and archiving of sequences and results. The HLA
cDNA sequence library is updated with each new Sequence Database release of the HLA
informatics group (www.anthonynolan.com/HIG) and can be downloaded from the www.jsimedisys.de website.
The software is availabel as a Windows™ single-user version or as a Windows™ or Linux™
server-client version.
This chapter is designed to be a quick reference to help the user through the basic steps
©
involved in performing Sequence Pilot software analysis. For more details, refer to the
©
Sequence Pilot User’s Manual.
©
The Sequence Pilot Allele Identification Software is compatible or adaptable to all four-dye
sequencing instruments available
Applied Biosystems
Capillary: 310, 3100, 3130, 3700 and 3730 Slab Gel: 377
GE Healthcare
Capillary: MegaBACE 500, 1000, 4000
Beckman
Capillary: CEQ8
MJ Research
Slab Gel: BaseStation, BaseStation51
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21.0 Sample Naming Conventions
Guideline
©
The Sequence Pilot Software automatically recognizes the locus and exon sequenced as well
as the direction of sequencing. In order to allow the software for automated joining or pairing of
sequencing results that belong together (e.g. forward and reverse sequencing direction of the
same PCR product) certain rules of sample naming conventions must be followed. Even if you
©
are not using the automated joining features of the Sequence Pilot software, sample naming
conventions should be followed to simplify clarity for manual processes.
Enter the following types of information in brackets:
(SampleID_Amplification Mix_Sequencing Primer)_any other information
Alleles Separated
The sequencing reactions of a DNA sample that was amplified by the Group-Specific Mixes
S4R2 (DRB1*15, *16) and S4R4 (DRB1*04) have the following file names
Example
(SampleID_S4R2_DR-E2F)_...
(SampleID_S4R4_DR-E2F)_...
corresponds to Haplotype 1 forward
corresponds to Haplotype 2 forward
Alleles not separated
The sequencing reactions of a DNA sample that was amplified by the single Group-Specific Mix
S4R2 (DRB1*15, *16) have the following file names:
Example
(SampleID_S4R2_DR-E2F)_...
(SampleID_S4R2_DR-E2R)_...
corresponds to Haplotype 1+2 forward
corresponds to Haplotype 1+2 reverse
©
Due to these sample naming conventions the Sequence Pilot Software automatically
recognizes that these sequencing results belong together and performs allele assignment based
on both result files.=
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22.0 Performing Allele Identification
Result Files Menu
Mark the result file(s) belonging to the same Haplotype(s) of the DNA sample. Select ‘save’
to transfer them as joined or paired result files in the ‘joined result files’ table
Selects, pairs (forward and reverse) or joins (different exons) the result files that belong
together and have to be analyzed together.
1
Process
Note
This is done automatically if the Sample Naming Conventions have been followed
Generates a combined sequence for paired forward and reverse sequences. Starts allele
identification for paired or joined result files by comparing the result sequences with the HLA
sequence library
=
Analysis Menu
=
2
Mark the joined result files in the ‘Worklist’ and select ‘Sequence’ in the analysis window.
Process
Displays the electropherograms and result of allele assignment in the ‘Data Analyzer’
window
3
Check the results using the electro-pherogram options.
Process
Edits and re-analyzes the result sequences if required.
4
Approve final analysis.
Process
Validates allele identification, saves data in the result database, transfers the result into the
local LIS (if desired), and prints the final report for documentation.
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23.0 Trouble shooting Guide
=
PCR
PCR is an extremely sensitive method, which can efficiently amplify even the
Troubleshooting smallest amount of DNA. It follows from this that even traces of contaminating
DNA in a sample can be amplified in the PCR reaction and falsify the test result.
One particular source of contamination is amplified DNA coming into contact with
samples, which are still to be amplified. To avoid contamination with amplified
material, it is recommended that the work area is strictly partioned as follows:
Precautionary Pre-PCR area:
measures
All work carried out before PCR (preparing and storing sample DNA, preparing
PCR amplification reactions, setting up and storing reagents and solutions for
DNA isolation and PCR).
Post-PCR area:
All work carried out after PCR (running thermal cyclers and DNA sequencers,
performing agarose gel electrophoresis, preparing and purifying sequencing
reactions, storing amplified DNA or sequencing reactions).
Materials and Equipment from the post-PCR area must not be taken into the prePCR area. When pipetting in the pre-PCR area and for setting up the sequencing
reactions, tips with aerosol protection (filtered tips) should be used. It is
recommended that for each amplified DNA sample a related negative control is
performed as an indication of contamination with foreign DNA.
The following table lists possible causes and solutions for PCR problems.
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Problem
Possible Cause
No PCR
product or
weak PCR
product
No ethidium
bromide in gel
PCR
Troubleshooting
Table
2 PCR bands
Non-specific
PCR bands
44
=
Protrans
Solution
Secondary staining of the gel in a staining
bath (1X TBE with 0.5 µg/ml ethidium
bromide); remember to add ethidium
bromide prior to pouring the gel
Incomplete mixing of Repeat PCR with attention to mixing
AmpliTaq GoldTM
and PCR reaction
mix
Degraded DNA
Evaluate on agarose gel and re-extract the
DNA if necessary
DNA not measured Re-measure DNA and adjust to 50 - 100
correctly
ng/µl
PCR inhibitors in the Re-extract genomic DNA using one of the
genomic DNA
recommended methods (see “Preparing
Sample DNA”); avoid using blood treated
with heparin
Inappropriate
Check the cycling profile and correct it if
cycling parameters
necessary
Thermal cycler
The cycling profiles provided in this manual
problems
are optimized for the GeneAmp PCR
Systems 2400, 2700, 9600 and 9700
(Applied Biosystems) as well as the PTC100, PTC-200, Dyad and Tetrad (MJ
Research). The use of other thermal cyclers
may require adjustment of the cycling
profile.
Inappropriate
Run agarose gel according to appropriate
agarose gel
conditions
conditions
Inappropriate
Check the cycling profile and correct it if
cycling parameters
necessary
Thermal cycler
The cycling profiles provided in this manual
problems
are optimized for the GeneAmp PCR
Systems 2400, 2700, 9600 and 9700
(Applied Biosystems) as well as the PTC100, PTC-200, Dyad and Tetrad (MJ
Research). The use of other thermal cyclers
may require adjustment of the cycling
profile.
Inappropriate DNA
Repeat PCR with AmpliTaq GoldTM DNA
Taq polymerase
Taq polymerase
Contamination of
Check the related PCR negative control to
the PCR reagents
exclude contamination of the PCR
reagents. Use filter tips.
Contamination of
To exclude contamination of the DNA
the DNA sample
sample re-extract DNA from a new source
sample. Use filter tips.
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Sequencing problems may be related to sequences in general or only to
Sequencing
Troubleshooting heterozygous sequences. Problems with heterozygous sequences may be peak
shifts or weak heterozygous signals. The majority of these anomalies occur in only
one sequencing orientation for a certain base position and can be resolved by
reviewing data from the other orientation.
The following table lists possible causes and solutions for general sequencing
problems.
Problem
Possible Cause
Weak signal
strength
Sequencing
Troubleshooting
Too strong
Table
signal
strength
Noisy
baseline
Solution
Inappropriate
injection time or
injection voltage
Because of variations between instruments,
adjustments of the injection time and/or the
injection voltage may be needed to get a
signal range from 100 – 2000 relative
fluorescent units
Too little sequencing Capillary DNA sequencer: Increase
reaction applied
injection time, injection voltage or
concentration of sequencing reaction.
Slab gel DNA sequencer: Increase loading
volume or concentration of sequencing
reaction.
Inappropriate
Because of variations between instruments,
Injection time or
adjustments of the injection time and/or the
injection voltage
injection voltage may be needed to get a
signal range from 100 – 2000 relative
fluorescent units.
The finally prepared Increase dilution in the final step of
sequencing reaction preparing sequencing reactions for
was too
electrophoresis (36 µl instead of 18 µl
concentrated
HPLC water).
See “Purifying PCR products for
Inappropriate PCR
product purification Sequencing”.
or purification
omitted before
sequencing
Inappropriate
Re-purify the sequencing reaction (see
sequencing reaction “Purifying Sequencing Reactions”).
purification
Remember to pipet the complete
sequencing reaction carefully on the center
of the sloping Sephadex surface without
touching it. Pipetting on the center is
essential for high-quality purification. Do not
allow the sample to flow beside the resin.
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Noisy
baseline
Sequencing
Trouble
shooting
Table
(continued)
Contamination of
the PCR product
Broad
fluorescent
terminator
artifacts (dye
blobs)
High
fluorescent
artifact peaks
Contamination of
the sequencing
primer
Contamination of
the dye terminator
reagents
Inappropriate
sequencing reaction
purification
Air bubbles in the
capillary or
polyacrylamide gel
Check the related PCR negative control to
exclude contamination of the PCR
reagents. To exclude contamination of the
DNA sample re-extract DNA from a new
source sample. Use filter tips.
Repeat sequencing with a fresh tube of
sequencing primer. Use filter tips.
Repeat sequencing with a fresh tube of dye
terminators. Use filter tips.
Re-purify the sequencing reaction.
Remember to pipet the complete
sequencing reaction carefully on the center
of the sloping Sephadex surface without
touching it. Pipetting on the center is
essential for high-quality purification. Do not
allow the sample to flow beside the resin.
Capillary DNA sequencer: Refill the
capillaries. Consider possibly to change the
capillary array or to contact the
manufacturer’s service for your sequencing
instrument.
Slab gel DNA sequencer: Pour the gels
carefully and appropriately treat the gel
sides of the glass plates to avoid air
bubbles. Contact the manufacturer’s
service for your sequencing instrument.
Protrans medizinische diagnostische Produkte GmbH
Ketschau 2 68766 Hockenheim, Germany
Telephone ++49 (6205) 29299-0
Telefax
++49 (6205) 29299-20
www.protrans.info
[email protected]
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User Manual SBT
Version 2010 07 01
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