Cabletron Systems SmartSTACK 100 ELS100-24TX User guide

Cabletron Systems SmartSTACK 100 ELS100-24TX User guide
SmartSTACK 100
ELS100-24TX
ETHERNET SWITCH
INSTALLATION
AND
USER GUIDE
Only qualified personnel should perform installation
procedures.
NOTICE
Cabletron Systems reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document without prior notice. The reader should in all cases consult
Cabletron Systems to determine whether any such changes have been made.
The hardware, firmware, or software described in this manual is subject to change without
notice.
IN NO EVENT SHALL CABLETRON SYSTEMS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING BUT
NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS) ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THIS MANUAL OR
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN IT, EVEN IF CABLETRON SYSTEMS HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF, KNOWN, OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN, THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
© Copyright 1999 by Cabletron Systems, Inc., P.O. Box 5005, Rochester, NH 03866-5005
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the United States of America
Part Number: 9032579-03 January 1999
ELS100-24TX is a trademark of Cabletron Systems, Inc.
All other product names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
FCC NOTICE
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment uses, generates, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and if not installed in accordance with the operator’s manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to
cause interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his
own expense.
WARNING: Changes or modifications made to this device which are not expressly approved
by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
Printed on Recycled Paper
DOC NOTICE
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of
Communications.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de la class A prescrites dans le Règlement sur le
brouillage radioélectrique édicté par le ministère des Communications du Canada.
VCCI NOTICE
This is a Class A product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control Council for Interference by Information Technology Equipment (VCCI). If this equipment is used in a domestic
environment, radio disturbance may arise. When such trouble occurs, the user may be
required to take corrective actions.
CABLETRON SYSTEMS, INC.
PROGRAM LICENSE AGREEMENT
IMPORTANT: Before utilizing this product, carefully read this License Agreement.
This document is an agreement between you, the end user, and Cabletron Systems, Inc.
(“Cabletron”) that sets forth your rights and obligations with respect to the Cabletron software
program (the “Program”) contained in this package. The Program may be contained in firmware, chips or other media. BY UTILIZING THE ENCLOSED PRODUCT, YOU ARE AGREEING TO BECOME BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT, WHICH INCLUDES
THE LICENSE AND THE LIMITATION OF WARRANTY AND DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY.
IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT, PROMPTLY RETURN
THE UNUSED PRODUCT TO THE PLACE OF PURCHASE FOR A FULL REFUND.
CABLETRON SOFTWARE PROGRAM LICENSE
1.
LICENSE. You have the right to use only the one (1) copy of the Program provided in
this package subject to the terms and conditions of this License Agreement.
You may not copy, reproduce or transmit any part of the Program except as permitted
by the Copyright Act of the United States or as authorized in writing by Cabletron.
2.
OTHER RESTRICTIONS. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble
the Program.
3.
APPLICABLE LAW. This License Agreement shall be interpreted and governed under
the laws and in the state and federal courts of New Hampshire. You accept the personal
jurisdiction and venue of the New Hampshire courts.
EXCLUSION OF WARRANTY
AND DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY
1.
EXCLUSION OF WARRANTY. Except as may be specifically provided by Cabletron in
writing, Cabletron makes no warranty, expressed or implied, concerning the Program
(including its documentation and media).
CABLETRON DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, OTHER THAN THOSE SUPPLIED TO
YOU BY CABLETRON IN WRITING, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO THE PROGRAM, THE
ACCOMPANYING WRITTEN MATERIALS, AND ANY ACCOMPANYING HARDWARE.
2.
NO LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. IN NO EVENT SHALL
CABLETRON OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER
(INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS, PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF BUSINESS INFORMATION, SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR RELIANCE DAMAGES, OR OTHER LOSS)
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THIS CABLETRON PRODUCT,
EVEN IF CABLETRON HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. BECAUSE SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, OR ON
THE DURATION OR LIMITATION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES, IN SOME INSTANCES
THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS
The enclosed product (a) was developed solely at private expense; (b) contains “restricted
computer software” submitted with restricted rights in accordance with Section 52227-19 (a)
through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights Clause and its successors, and (c) in all respects is proprietary data belonging to Cabletron and/or its suppliers.
For Department of Defense units, the product is licensed with “Restricted Rights” as defined
in the DoD Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulations, Section 52.227-7013 (c) (1)
(ii) and its successors, and use, duplication, disclosure by the Government is subject to
restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software clause at 252.227-7013. Cabletron Systems, Inc., 35 Industrial Way, Rochester, New Hampshire 03867-0505.
SAFETY INFORMATION
LASER RADIATION AND CONNECTORS
When the connector is in place, all laser radiation remains within the fiber. The maximum
amount of radiant power exiting the fiber (under norm al conditions) is -12.6 dBm or 55 x 10 -6
watts. Removing the optical connector from the transceiver allows laser radiation to emit
directly from the optical port. The maximum radiance from the optical port (under worst case
conditions) is 0.8 W cm -2 or 8 x 10 3 W m 2 sr-1.
Do not use optical instruments to view the laser output. The use of optical instruments
to view laser output increases eye hazard. When viewing the output optical port, power
must be removed from the network adapter.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Application of Council Directive(s):
89/336/EEC
73/23/EEC
Manufacturer’s Name:
Cabletron Systems, Inc.
Manufacturer’s Address:
35 Industrial Way
PO Box 5005
Rochester, NH 03867
European Representative Name:
Mr. J. Solari
European Representative Address:
Cabletron Systems Limited
Nexus House, Newbury Business Park
London Road, Newbury
Berkshire RG13 2PZ, England
Conformance to Directive(s)/
Product Standards:
Equipment Type/Environment:
EC Directive 89/336/EEC
EC Directive 73/23/EEC
EN 55022
EN 50082-1
EN 60950
Networking Equipment, for use in a Commercial or Light Industrial Environment.
We the undersigned, hereby declare, under our sole responsibility, that the equipment packaged with this notice conforms to the above directives.
Manufacturer
Legal Representative in Europe
Mr. Ronald Fotino
Mr. J. Solari
Full Name
Full Name
Principal Compliance Engineer
Managing Director - E.M.E.A.
Title
Title
Rochester, NH, USA
Newbury, Berkshire, England
Location
Location
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Preface i
Purpose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Message Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Keyboard Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Other Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Getting Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
1. PRODUCT OVERVIEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Feature Summaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
IEEE 802.1D Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Spanning Tree Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Frame Buffering and Frame Latency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Software Download. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Non-volatile Parameter Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Configuration and Management Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
RMON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Port Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Auto-negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Broadcast Throttling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
BootP/DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Full Duplex Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Flow Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Virtual LANs (VLANs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Class of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Application Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Client/Server Network Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Local Backbone Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2. INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Inspecting Your Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Site Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Mounting the Switch on a Table or Shelf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Mounting the Switch on a Wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Mounting the Switch in a Rack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Connecting a Terminal to the Console Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Powering the Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Power-Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Connecting Network Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
RJ-45 Connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
10Base-T/100Base-TX Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
9032579-03
Table of Contents i
3. ELS100-24TX USER INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
User Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Factory Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Menu Hierarchy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
System Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
SNMP Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Switch Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Forwarding Table Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
VLAN Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
VLAN Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
VLAN #n Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
VLAN Port Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Class of Service Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Port Priority Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Port Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Port Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Switch Statistics Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Switch Summary Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Port Statistics Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
General Information Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Download Software Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Save Current Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Return to Default Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Logout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4. CONFIGURING & MONITORING THE SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Common Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Setting Password Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Assigning an IP Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Checking Network Configuration Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Connecting via Telnet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Setting SNMP Management Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Viewing Switch Statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Configuring Port Mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Downloading a Software Upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Downloading Via the Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Downloading Via TFTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Configuring Spanning Tree Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Configuring VLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Configuring Class of Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Configuring Port Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Configuring the Forwarding Table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Configuring Broadcast Throttling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Setting a Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Configuring BootP/DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
ii Table of Contents
ELS100-24TX
5. SNMP MANAGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
The SNMP Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
MIB Objects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
RFC 1213 (MIB-II). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
RFC 1398 (Ethernet MIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
RFC 1493 (Bridge MIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
RFC 1757 (RMON MIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Cabletron Proprietary MIB Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Compiling MIB Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
APPENDIX A. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Standards Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Data Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Physical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Port Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Console Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
10Base-T and 100Base-TX Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
MDI/MDI-X Crossover Cable Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Power Cord Set Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
General Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Country-Specific Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
APPENDIX B. SPANNING TREE CONCEPTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Spanning Tree Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Spanning Tree Protocol in a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Spanning Tree Protocol Parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Spanning Tree Protocol Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Communicating Between Bridges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Selecting a Root Bridge and Designated Bridges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Selecting Designated Ports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Handling Duplicate Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Remapping Network Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
APPENDIX C. FLOW CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
APPENDIX D. VIRTUAL LANS (VLANS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
VLANs and Frame Tagging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
ELS100-24TX VLAN Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
VLAN ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Ports in VLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
VLAN Egress Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
VLAN Access Ports. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
VLAN Hybrid Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
VLAN Application Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
9032579-03
Table of Contents iii
APPENDIX E. CLASS OF SERVICE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
APPENDIX F. ACRONYMS & ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Index 93
iv Table of Contents
ELS100-24TX
PREFACE
Purpose
This guide provides information about the features and applications of the
ELS100-24TX switch as well as instructions for configuring and
monitoring the switch.
Audience
This guide is intended for Ethernet local area network (LAN)
administrators and Management Information Systems (MIS) personnel
with the following background:
•
Working knowledge of Ethernet LANs
•
Familiarity with Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
Conventions
This section describes the conventions used in this guide.
Message Formats
Two types of messages, identified by icons, appear in the text:
A note informs you of special circumstances.
A caution indicates the possibility of equipment damage.
9032579-03
Preface i
Keyboard Entries
This guide uses the following conventions for keyboard entries:
•
When you read “enter,” type the text and press the [Enter] key.
•
Example: Enter the Gateway IP address and press the [Enter] key.
•
When you read “select,” type the letter associated with the
parameter.
Example: Select a from the System Configuration Menu to view the
SNMP Configuration Menu.
Other Conventions
This guide uses the following typographical conventions:
ii Preface
•
Initial Caps
Menu titles and console menu selections
•
[Enter]
Used to designate the Enter or Return key.
•
ALL CAPS
Used to designate fields within the
console menus.
(Example: CONNECTION)
•
courier font
Screen messages and user prompts.
•
Selection
Describes a user-configurable user
interface item.
•
Field
Describes a read-only information item
ELS100-24TX
Organization
Chapter 1. Product Overview: Describes the features of the switch, front
and rear panel components and application examples.
Chapter 2. Installation: Describes the content of your switch shipment,
lists site requirements, and provides mounting instructions. Instructions
for making connections and powering up the switch are provided as well.
Chapter 3. ELS100-24TX User Interface: Describes the user interface
console menus and lists the factory defaults for system settings. Each of
the console menus are presented along with a description of the
selections/fields available within each menu.
Chapter 4. Configuring and Monitoring the Switch: Describes
common tasks and associated steps required to configure the switch, and
covers common switch and network considerations required to ensure
system integrity.
Chapter 5. SNMP Management: Describes how the Simple Network
Management Protocol (SNMP) communication protocol is used to
manage the switch, and provides a description of industry standard and
proprietary Managed Information Bases (MIBs) supported by the switch.
Appendix A. Technical Specifications: Provides a list of standards
compliance and certifications, power cord requirements, as well as
physical and operational specifications.
Appendix B. Spanning Tree Concepts: Describes the operation of the
Spanning Tree Protocol and how it is used to resolve the problems of
physical loops in a network.
Appendix C. Flow Control: Describes how the flow control features are
used to provide a mechanism for protecting the switch from overload
conditions and to keep additional traffic off the network.
Appendix D. Virtual LANs (VLANs): Describes how the switch uses
VLANs to create isolated network domains, and provides illustrations of
VLAN switch configurations.
Appendix E. Class of Service: Describes how the traffic Class of Service
features can be used to assign mission-critical data a higher priority
through the switch by delaying less critical traffic during periods of
congestion.
Appendix F. Acronyms and Abbreviations: Provides definitions for a
list of common acronyms and abbreviations used within the user guide
and the networking industry.
9032579-03
Preface iii
Getting Help
If you need additional support for this device, or if you have any questions,
comments, or suggestions concerning this manual, contact the Cabletron
Systems Global Call Center:
Phone
(603) 332-9400
Internet mail
[email protected]
FTP
ctron.com (134.141.197.25)
Login
Password
BBS
Modem setting
anonymous
your email address
(603) 335-3358
8N1: 8 data bits, No parity, 1 stop bit
For additional information about Cabletron Systems or its products,
visit the World Wide Web site: http:www.cabletron.com/
Before calling the Cabletron Systems Global Call Center, be prepared to
provide the following information:
iv Preface
•
Your Cabletron Systems service contract number
•
A description of the failure
•
A description of any action(s) already taken to resolve the problem
(e.g., changing mode switches, rebooting the unit, etc.)
•
The serial and revision numbers of all involved Cabletron Systems
products in the network
•
A description of your network environment (layout, cable type, etc.)
•
Network load and frame size at the time of the trouble (if known)
•
The device history (i.e., have you returned the device before, is this
a recurring problem, etc.)
•
Any previous Return Material Authorization (RMA) numbers
ELS100-24TX
1. PRODUCT OVERVIEW
Description
This installation and user guide describes the Cabletron Systems
ELS100-24TX Ethernet switch. This unit is IEEE 802.1D-compliant and
supports 24 IEEE 802.3u 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet ports. Each port can
alternatively operate as an IEEE 802.3i 10Base-T port.
The Cabletron Systems ELS100-24TX switch automatically learns endstation addresses from the network and stores them in a Media Access
Control (MAC) address forwarding table. Incoming packets are then
forwarded to the appropriate output port based on the addresses in the
packet. Each port on the switch operates at full Fast Ethernet wire speed
with full address and frame filtering.
The Cabletron Systems ELS100-24TX switch contains advanced
features such as Remote Monitoring (RMON), IEEE 802.1Q virtual LANs
(VLANs), IEEE 802.1p Class of Service, flow control and broadcast
throttling. For network management, the ELS100-24TX switch includes a
standards-compliant Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
agent. This agent allows network management station applications to
collect and present status and performance information about a switch as
well as providing the ability to configure and control functions on the
device.
Network management can also be performed in-band using the popular
TCP/IP application, Telnet. In addition, a serial console port allows out-ofband management using a PC or an ASCII terminal. The ELS100-24TX
switch is desktop or rack-mountable. LEDs on the front panel provide
information about the operating status of the switch. The back panel of the
switch contains the power connector and a power switch. Two fans
maintain ventilation and cooling for internal switch components.
This chapter provides the following information:
•
Product Description
•
Features
•
Front and Rear Panel Component Descriptions
•
Feature Summaries
•
Application Examples
Features
•
9032579-03
Ports:
- 24 dual-speed 10Base-T/100Base-TX RJ-45 connectors
(MDI-X)
Product Overview 1
•
Architecture:
- 8-port 10/100 switch ASIC in a distributed switching
architecture
- 4.2 Gbps internal switching fabric
- Up to 12 MB packet buffering (512 KB/port)
- 4096 MAC address forwarding table per port; up to 12,288
addresses per system
- IEEE 802.3u auto-negotiation for full/half duplex and 10/100
Mbps speed operation on all ports
- High performance store-and-forward switching
•
Performance:
- Forwarding: over 3.5 million packets-per-second (64 byte
packets)
- Filtering: 3.6 million packets-per-second (64 byte packets)
•
Traffic Management:
- Tag and port-based VLANs per the IEEE 802.1Q draft
standard - 4094 VLAN IDs recognized per switch
- Class of Service support per the IEEE 802.1p draft standard
- Flow control per port: IEEE 802.3x frame-based for full duplex;
back-pressure for half duplex
- Broadcast throttling for broadcast storm control
•
Network Management:
- SNMP compliant agent: MIB II (RFC 1213), Bridge MIB (RFC
1493), Ethernet MIB (RFC 1398), RMON - Statistics, History,
Alarm and Event groups per port (RFC 1757), private MIB
extensions
- Port mirroring for network monitoring and analysis
- Telnet
- Console port, RS-232, female DB-9 connector, null modem
- BootP/DHCP for IP address configuration
•
LED Indicators
- Ethernet ports: Link, Activity, 100Mbps Speed, Full Duplex
- System: Power, Test
•
Software:
- Extensive diagnostics for product testing and troubleshooting
- Upgrades using the front panel console port or in-band with
TFTP
2 Product Overview
ELS100-24TX
Front Panel
Figure 1-1 shows the front panel of the ELS100-24TX. Table 1-1 defines
the ELS100-24TX front panel components.
Figure 1-1. ELS100-24TX Front Panel
Table 1-1. Front Panel Components
Name
Ports 1-24 LEDs
Function
Indicates Link, Activity, Speed and Duplex information (see
Table 1-2 for details).
10Base-T/100Base-TX
RJ-45 ports (Ports 1-24)
LED mode button
RJ-45 connectors numerically identified based on the
specific product configuration. All ports are wired MDI-X.
Button used to switch port LEDs between Link/Activity mode
and 100M/Full Duplex mode.
Power LED
Lights steady green to indicate power is supplied to the
switch. Off indicates no power is supplied to the switch.
Lights steady green after a reset and remains on until
successful completion of power-on self tests. Off indicates a
successful completion of the power-on self tests.
Female DB-9 connector configured as a null modem connection for serial out-of-band management using the console
menus.
Test LED
Console port
9032579-03
Product Overview 3
Figure 1-2 shows the Link and Activity port LEDs for 24 10Base-T/
100Base-TX ports (default configuration). Pressing the front panel LED
mode button changes the operation of these LEDs to 100M Speed and
Full Duplex, as shown in Figure 1-3.
The numbers above and below the port LEDs identify the
LEDs associated with a specific RJ-45 port.
The port LEDs are grouped to the left of their corresponding RJ-45 ports.
Table 1-2 defines the performance of the port LEDs for the 10Base-T/
100Base-TX ports in both the default configuration and with the LED
mode button pressed.
1
2
3
4
9
10
11
12
Link
Link
Link
Activity
Activity
Activity
Link
Link
Link
Activity
Activity
5
6
7
8
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Activity
13
14
15
16
Figure 1-2. Port LEDs Default Configuration
1
2
3
9
4
10
11
12
10/100 speed
10/100 speed
10/100 speed
Full/half duplex
Full/half duplex
Full/half duplex
10/100 speed
10/100 speed
10/100 speed
Full/half duplex
Full/half duplex
5
6
7
8
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Full/half duplex
13
14
15
16
Figure 1-3. Port LEDs LED Mode Button Pressed
4 Product Overview
ELS100-24TX
Table 1-2. Port LEDs Defined
Name
Function
Default
Configuration
Link LED On: Indicates a valid connection (link) on the
associated port.
Link LED Off: Indicates no link on the associated port.
Activity LED flashing: Indicates the presence of transmit and/or
receive activity.
Activity LED Off: Indicates the absence of transmit or receive
activity.
LED mode
button pressed
Speed LED On: Indicates the port is in the 100Base-TX mode.
Speed LED Off: Indicates the port is in the 10Base-T mode.
Duplex LED On: Indicates the port is in the full duplex mode.
Duplex LED Off: Indicates the port is in the half duplex mode.
Rear Panel
Figure 1-4 shows the ELS100-24TX rear panel and Table 1-3 defines the
rear panel components.
Figure 1-4. ELS100-24TX Rear Panel
Table 1-3. Rear Panel Components
Name
Function
Power Connector
Provides AC power to the switch.
Power Switch
Allows you to turn the switch power on and off.
Fan Outlets
Air exit vents through which internal fans discharge air
for ventilation purposes.
9032579-03
Product Overview 5
Feature Summaries
The following summaries provide a brief description of ELS100-24TX
features in areas such as standards compliance, functionality,
performance, and options.
IEEE 802.1D Bridge
The ELS100-24TX switch is fully compliant with IEEE 802.1D transparent
bridging specifications. An aggregate address table containing 4096
entries per 8 switch ports is provided for learning, filtering, and forwarding.
The switch can support up to a maximum of 12,288 addresses.
Addresses are automatically learned by the switch, and can be
individually assigned specific forwarding treatment by the network
administrator if desired. Forwarding table configuration can be made outof-band via the console interface or in-band via SNMP or Telnet. Static
and dynamic addresses are both stored in this table. One static address
is assigned per port by default. The Forwarding Table Configuration
screen in the console menus allows you to assign additional static
addresses if required.
Spanning Tree Protocol
The ELS100-24TX switch supports the IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree
Protocol. This protocol allows redundant connections to be created
between different LAN segments for purposes of fault tolerance. Two or
more physical paths between different segments can be created through
the switch, with the Spanning Tree Protocol choosing a single path at any
given time and disabling all others. If the chosen path fails for any reason,
a disabled alternative is activated, thereby maintaining the connection.
This prevents network traffic from circulating in an endless loop formed by
multiple connections to the same LAN segment.
Spanning Tree parameters are configurable in the Spanning Tree
Configuration Menu using the console menus or via SNMP (see Appendix
B, “Spanning Tree Concepts,” for more information).
Frame Buffering and Frame Latency
The ELS100-24TX switch is a store-and-forward switching device. Each
frame is copied into switch memory before being forwarded to another
port. This method ensures that all forwarded frames conform to a
standard Ethernet frame size and have a correct cyclic redundancy check
(CRC) for data integrity. This switching method prevents bad frames from
traversing the network and using up valuable network bandwidth, as with
cut-through switching technology.
To minimize the possibility of dropping frames on congested ports, the
ELS100-24TX switch provides 4 MB of dynamically allocated frame
buffering per 8 ports. This buffer space is used to queue packets for
transmission on congested networks. This is an additional advantage
over cut-through switching technology, which drops packets immediately
when experiencing collisions.
6 Product Overview
ELS100-24TX
Software Download
The ELS100-24TX switch supports the industry-standard Trivial File
Transfer Protocol (TFTP) for downloading software to the switch. All
switch software is stored in a 2 MB sectored flash ROM. The download
feature allows you to easily install software upgrades to the unit. Software
can alternatively be downloaded via the serial console port using the
XMODEM protocol.
A TFTP or XMODEM software download is invoked via the Download
Software Menu using the console menus. A TFTP download can also be
invoked via SNMP.
Non-volatile Parameter Storage
Important operating parameters such as IP addresses, Spanning Tree
configuration, and management security parameters, are stored in nonvolatile Flash memory. These values are retained when the switch
experiences power interruptions or is powered down for normal
maintenance.
Configuration and Management Interfaces
The ELS100-24TX switch can be managed using any of the following
three methods:
•
Serial console, out-of-band
An RS-232 connection, using a DB-9 connector, is supported for outof-band switch management. Serial console management is performed using a terminal, or computer system running communications software. See Chapter 3, “ELS100-24TX User Interface,” for
more detailed information on managing the ELS100-24TX switch via
the serial console.
•
Telnet, in-band (over Ethernet)
The switch supports management through a Telnet connection using
the TCP/IP protocols. Telnet is performed using an ASCII terminal or
computer system running communications software. See Chapter 3,
“ELS100-24TX User Interface,” for more detailed information on
managing the switch via the serial console. Global password protection for changing the operating parameters of the switch is provided.
•
SNMP-based network manager, in-band
The switch can be managed using SNMP, the most common protocol
used today for network management. Standard agent MIBs embedded in the switch provide basic SNMP management through industry-standard SNMP applications.
Management security protection is provided based on SNMP community names. See Chapter 5, “SNMP Management,” for more information.
9032579-03
Product Overview 7
RMON
RMON (Remote Monitoring) is a facility used to manage networks
remotely while providing multi-vendor interoperability between monitoring
devices and management stations. RMON is defined by an SNMP MIB.
This MIB is divided into nine different groups, each gathering specific
statistical information or performing a specific function. RMON-capable
devices gather network traffic data and then store them locally until
downloaded to an SNMP management station.
The ELS100-24TX supports four of the nine groups of RMON defined for
Ethernet networks on a per port basis. Specifically, these are:
•
Statistics: a function that maintains counts of network traffic statistics
such as number of packets, broadcasts, collisions, errors, and
distribution of packet sizes.
•
History: a function which collects historical statistics based on userdefined sampling intervals. The statistical information collected is the
same as the Statistics group, except on a time stamped basis.
•
Alarm: a function that allows managers to set alarm thresholds based
on traffic statistics. Alarms trigger other actions through the Event
group.
•
Event: a function that operates with the Alarm group to define an
action that will be taken when an alarm condition occurs. The event
may write a log entry and/or send a trap message.
RMON Statistics group information is displayed on the Port Statistics
Screen in the console menus. Additional RMON functionality is available
via SNMP.
Port Mirroring
The ELS100-24TX switch includes the ability to mirror the traffic being
switched on any port for purposes of network traffic analysis and
connection integrity. When this feature is enabled, a protocol analyzer or
RMON probe is connected to any port in a group of eight. This port is
configured to mirror the traffic from any other port in the same group of
ports. The groupings are ports 1-8, 9-16 and 17-24. You can only mirror
one port to another port at one time. Port mirroring occurs at the same
speed configured for the port (10Mbps-to-10Mbps or 100Mbps-to100Mbps). Port mirroring is configurable in the Switch Configuration
Menu using the console menus or via SNMP.
Auto-negotiation
Auto-negotiation is a process that permits the switch to automatically
select the operational modes of its ports. Upon first being connected, the
switch detects the speed of the network the port is connected to, either
10Mbps or 100Mbps, and the type of communication setting, half or full
duplex. The port is then automatically set by the switch to operate in the
proper mode, without user intervention. It is not required that the network
device being connected to the switch supports auto-negotiation as the
8 Product Overview
ELS100-24TX
ELS100-24TX switch automatically adjusts to the network device’s
communication settings. Auto-negotiation is configurable in the Port
Configuration Menu of the console menus or via SNMP.
Broadcast Throttling
The ELS100-24TX has the capability to throttle (or limit) the flooding of
packets through the switch. Broadcast, multicast, and unknown
destination address unicast packets received by the switch are typically
flooded to all ports on the switch or on a given VLAN. When the number
of these types of packets being forwarded is large, the performance of the
switch in forwarding packets of other types may suffer. A programmable
broadcast cutoff rate parameter allows a rate threshold to be set in the
switch for the forwarding of broadcast and unknown destination address
packets. If the cutoff rate is exceeded, further packets of these types are
dropped. This capability helps to alleviate broadcast storms, a problem
often encountered in Ethernet networks. Broadcast throttling is
configurable in the Switch Configuration menu of the console menus or
via SNMP.
BootP/DHCP
The Bootstrap Protocol (BootP) and the Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP) provide for the capability of passing configuration
information to hosts on a TCP/IP network. Using this process, network
devices do not need to be configured before they can communicate using
the TCP/IP protocol suite. The ELS100-24TX switch uses BootP and
DHCP to automatically configure IP address information without requiring
access to the console menus. BootP/DHCP operation is configurable
using the BootP/DHCP Enable option in the System Configuration Menu
of the console menus or via SNMP.
LEDs
The switch port LEDs provide a quick and accurate display of the integrity
of switch connections and switch mode. The operation of the port LEDs
can be changed by use of the LED mode button on the switch front panel.
The default operation of the LEDs indicates Link (L) and Activity (A) for
each of the ports. When the LED mode button is pressed (pressed and
held in), the operation of the LEDs changes to indicate 10/100 Mbps
speed and full/half duplex operation, respectively.
Full Duplex Mode
The full duplex mode of operation on a port can double the throughput of
switch connections. This mode disables the collision detection portion of
the Ethernet Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection
(CSMA/CD) protocol, allowing for two-way traffic. Full duplex is
configurable using the Duplex Mode parameter in the Port Menu of the
console menus or via SNMP.
9032579-03
Product Overview 9
Flow Control
Flow control allows you to manage network traffic during congestion
periods and to prevent the loss of packets when port buffer thresholds are
exceeded. Flow control also serves to deny access to additional traffic
that could add to a congestion condition. The ELS100-24TX switch
supports flow control per the IEEE 802.3x standard. See Appendix C,
“Flow Control,” for more information on this feature.
Virtual LANs (VLANs)
VLANs allow you to connect users to a specific LAN segment regardless
of their physical location. The ELS100-24TX switch supports tagged
VLANs per the IEEE 802.1Q draft standard. With frame tagging, a short
tag is appended to every frame that crosses the network backbone. The
tag identifies which VLAN the frame belongs to. See Appendix D, “Virtual
LANs,” for more information.
Class of Service
Class of Service support allows you to assign a higher priority to selected
traffic passing through the switch. The ELS100-24TX switch supports
Class of Service attributes per the IEEE 802.1p draft standard using a
priority queuing mechanism. This feature ensures that traffic during
congestion periods will not interfere with traffic assigned a higher priority.
Traffic assigned a lower priority is subject to discard when memory is in
short supply. See Appendix E, “Class of Service,” for more information.
Application Examples
The exploding popularity of the Internet and of corporate intranets, as well
as new, high-bandwidth desktop applications, are driving the demand for
Fast Ethernet. The increase in multimedia traffic and the need to support
legacy protocols alongside new, data intensive applications is driving the
need for network segmentation and traffic prioritization.
The ELS100-24TX switch is ideal for meeting the needs of today’s high
performance networks. The switch’s low cost and high port count makes
it attractive and affordable for dedicated 10/100Mbps connections to the
desktop. In addition, extensive features, including redundant links, traffic
Class of Service and VLAN capability, provide the management needed
for the workgroup and local backbone.
The following sections illustrate the ELS100-24TX switch employed in
application examples:
•
Client/Server Network
•
Local Backbone
10 Product Overview
ELS100-24TX
Client/Server Network Application
To improve workstation performance in a client/server environment, the
ELS100-24TX switch can be configured to provide 200 Mbps full duplex
Fast Ethernet connections to servers by connecting each to a dedicated
switch port (Figure 1-5). Users can be accommodated through
connections to hubs, both at 10Mbps and 100Mbps speeds, through
10Mbps switches with 100Mbps uplinks, or through direct connections.
Figure 1-5. Client/Server Network Application
9032579-03
Product Overview 11
Local Backbone Application
The ELS100-24TX switch can be used in a local backbone application,
connecting network segments together and providing file-server access
(Figure 1-6). Workgroup hubs are provided with a single connection to the
switch while servers are put on dedicated 100 Mbps ports. Routers and
other networking devices can connect off of the switched backbone as
well.
Figure 1-6. Local Backbone Application
12 Product Overview
ELS100-24TX
2. INSTALLATION
Inspecting Your Shipment
When you receive the shipment of your switch, check the package
contents and make sure you have the following items:
•
ELS100-24TX Ethernet switch
•
Mounting ears and mounting screws
•
Power cord
•
This document
Site Requirements
Before you install the switch, make sure the site meets the following
requirements:
•
Mounting
Provide a flat table, wall or shelf surface, or an optional 19 in. (48.3
cm) equipment rack.
Use an EIA standard equipment rack that is grounded and physically
secure.
•
Power source
Provide a power source within six feet (1.8 m) of the installation location. This source must provide 100 VAC to 240 VAC, and 50 Hz to 60
Hz power, with a 100 VA minimum. Power specifications for the
switch are shown in Appendix A, “Technical Specifications.”
Primary voltage selection within the above ranges is
automatic and requires no user action.
•
Environmental
Install the ELS100-24TX switch in a dry area, with adequate air circulation. Avoid placing the switch in direct sunlight or near other heat
sources, such as hot-air vents. For temperature and humidity specifications, see Appendix A, “Technical Specifications.”
•
9032579-03
Ventilation
Do not restrict airflow by covering or obstructing air inlets on the side
of the switch or the rear panel internal air fan exits.
Installation 13
Mounting the Switch on a Table or Shelf
Mount the switch on a table or shelf in a position which allows access to
the front panel RJ-45 ports, visibility of the port LEDs, and access to the
power connector. Make sure that the mounting surface can safely support
the switch and that there is adequate space around the switch for
ventilation and cooling.
14 Installation
ELS100-24TX
Mounting the Switch on a Wall
The switch ships with two (2) multi-position mounting ears and four (4)
mounting screws.
The mounting screws are used to attach the mounting ears to
the switch. Once the ears are attached to the switch, you will
need to provide appropriate screws to mount the switch to the
wall.
Figure 2-1 shows the orientation of the mounting ears for attaching the
ears to the switch for a wall mount application. Be sure that the wall
surface can safely support the switch.
Do the following:
1.
Mount one of the ears to the switch using two (2) of the supplied
screws. Repeat this step for the other side of the switch.
2.
Mount the switch to the wall using appropriate screws.
Figure 2-1. Mounting the Switch on a Wall
9032579-03
Installation 15
Mounting the Switch in a Rack
The switch ships with two (2) multi-position mounting ears and four (4)
mounting screws.
The mounting screws are used to attach the mounting ears to the switch. Once the ears are attached to
the switch, you will need to provide appropriate
screws to mount the switch in a rack.
Figure 2-2 shows the orientation of the mounting ears for attaching the
ears to the switch for a rack mount application. Mount the switch with the
front panel facing forward. Do the following:
1.
Mount one of the ears to the switch using two (2) of the supplied
screws. Repeat this step for the other side of the switch.
2.
Slide the switch into the rack and align the holes in the rack mounting
ears with the holes in the rack rails.
3.
Insert and tighten appropriate rack-mounting screws (not
provided
Figure 2-2. Mounting the Switch in a Rack
16 Installation
ELS100-24TX
Connecting a Terminal to the Console Port
The console port is a serial RS-232 interface port that enables a
connection to a terminal for performing switch monitoring and
configuration functions. The terminal may be a PC or workstation running
terminal emulation software, or a dumb terminal configured as a Data
Terminal Equipment (DTE) connection. Alternatively, this port can be
connected to an external modem to enable remote dial-in management.
If you connect a terminal to the console port prior to powering the switch,
you can observe the progress and results of the power-up diagnostics as
the switch goes through its initialization process.
The console port connector is configured as a female null modem
connection using a female DB-9 (see Table A-1 for pinouts). A standard
straight-through wired RS-232 cable is typically all that is needed to
connect to this interface. Any cable connected to the console port must
be shielded to comply with emissions regulations and requirements.
To connect the ELS100-24TX console port to a terminal, do the following:
1.
Connect a terminal to the console port using an interface cable
(Figure 2-3).
Figure 2-3. Connecting a Terminal to the Console Port
2.
Connect the male connector of the interface cable directly to the
switch console port and tighten the captive retaining screws.
3.
Connect the other end of the interface cable to a terminal (in some
instances, an adapter may be required to make this connection).
4.
From your terminal, start the terminal emulation program.
5.
Configure the terminal to the following communication settings:
9600 baud, no parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, No hardware flow control,
ASCII character set.
9032579-03
Installation 17
Powering the Switch
To supply power to the switch, do the following:
1.
Connect the power cord to the switch and to a grounded three-prong
wall outlet (Figure 2-4). See Appendix A, “Power Cord Set
Requirements,” for more information regarding specific international
power cord requirements.
Figure 2-4. Connecting the Power Cord to the Switch
2.
Turn on the power switch.
The Power LED lights green (see Figure 1-1). If it does not, check to
make sure that the power cable is plugged in correctly and that the
power source is good.
Power-Up
When you turn the power on, the switch conducts a series of hardware
and software tests to verify correct operation. If a terminal or computer is
connected to the console port, the results of the tests are displayed on the
screen. If you want to display the results of the tests after the switch has
already been turned on, turn the power switch off and then back on.
The switch performs two basic types of tests at power-up. During this
time, the Test LED (see Figure 1-1) lights steady green. These tests are:
•
Serial port
The serial console port test is the first test performed. If the switch
fails this test, no further tests are performed, and the console displays
no information.
•
Memory
Memory tests on the CPU RAM are performed after the serial port
test. No results are displayed on the console.
18 Installation
ELS100-24TX
After these two tests are performed, the operational software of the switch
is loaded. A series of more extensive diagnostic tests are then conducted
during which the Test LED remains lit. The results of the tests are
displayed on the terminal. If all tests pass, the Test LED turns off. When
all tests are complete, the system is functional and the user interface is
ready to receive commands at the console.
9032579-03
Installation 19
Connecting Network Cables
Network cable must comply with the following requirements:
•
Category 3 or 5 Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) for ports running
10Base-T
•
Category 5 UTP for ports running 100Base-TX
•
Maximum length for UTP connections: 100m (328 ft.)
RJ-45 Connector
The 10Base-T/100Base-TX ports use RJ-45 connectors. Figure 2-5
shows an RJ-45 connector being inserted into a port.
Figure 2-5. Inserting an RJ-45 Connector into a Port
10Base-T/100Base-TX Ports
The 10Base-T/100Base-TX ports use RJ-45 connectors for connection to
10Base-T or 100Base-TX network segments or end-stations. These UTP
connections meet the requirements of ISO 8877, specified by 10Base-T,
Section 14 of the IEEE 802.3 specification. The ports are wired with the
MDI-X function implemented. Workstations or servers can be connected
to the ELS100-24TX switch using standard straight-through wired cables.
For connections to hubs or other switches, a crossover cable may be
necessary (refer to the “MDI/MDI-X Crossover Cable Wiring” section in
Appendix A). See Table A-2 for 10Base-T/100Base-TX connector pin
assignments.
20 Installation
ELS100-24TX
3. ELS100-24TX USER INTERFACE
Overview
When you have connected a terminal to the console port, or used Telnet
to access the switch over the network, access is gained to the console
menus. These menus allow you to reconfigure the switch from its factory
default settings, as well as to monitor switch status and performance. The
menus have a layout similar to the sample Main Menu shown in Figure
3-1. The information is divided into the following parts:
•
Menu Identification (includes model number)
•
Menu Name (includes access privileges)
•
Selectable Items listed by letters
•
Screen Prompt for menu selections and entry of field parameters,
and Message Area for display of next entry option, parameters, or
error messages.
Menu ID
Menu name
Selectable
items
Screen prompt
& message area
Cabletron Systems ELS100-24TX
MAIN MENU
Access Control: READ/WRITE
a. System Configuration Menu
b Switch Configuration Menu
c. Port Menu
d. Switch Statistics Screen
e. General Information Screen
f. Download Software Menu
g. Save Current Configuration
h. Return to Default Configuration
i. Logout
j. Reset
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-1. Sample Main Menu
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 21
User Access
There are two modes of access to the user interface: READ-ONLY and
READ/WRITE. READ-ONLY access allows you to view switch information, but not modify any operating parameters. READ/WRITE access
allows you to both read and modify switch information. You are required
to login with a password before obtaining READ/WRITE access. If no
password is entered (press only the [Enter] key), you are logged in with
READ-ONLY access. No password is configured in the factory default
settings, allowing full READ/WRITE access until a password is set.
To use the console menus, do the following:
1.
Type the letter associated with the desired option.
If the selected item is a submenu title, the submenu is displayed
when you enter the letter.
2.
Enter the parameter requested by the screen prompt.
If the selected item is a parameter, the system displays a prompt for the
entry of a new parameter value. If the value entered is invalid, a beep
sounds, or a message displays, requesting you to enter a valid value.
22 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Factory Defaults
Table 3-1 lists the factory default settings for the switch configuration
parameters. Each of these parameters can be changed via the console
menus or Telnet.
Table 3-1. Factory Default Settings
Parameter
Default Value
Active Aging Time
300
Auto-negotiation Enable
Yes
Broadcast Cutoff Rate
500000
BootP/DHCP Enable
Yes
Bridge Priority
32768
Class of Service Enable
No
Class of Service Port Priority
0
Class of Service Priority Threshold
4
Flow Control Enable
No
Forward Delay
15
Full Duplex
Yes
Hello Time
2
Max Age
20
Password
<none>
Path Cost
10 for 100Mbps speed ports
100 for 10Mbps speed ports
Port Enable
Yes
Port Priority
128
Port Speed
100
Port Mirroring Enable
No
Screen Timeout
0
SNMP Private Community Name
private
SNMP Public Community Name
public
Spanning Tree Protocol Enable
Yes
Terminal Baud Rate
9600
Terminal Hardware Flow Control
No
VLAN Enable
No
VLAN Port Type
Access
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 23
Menu Hierarchy
Figure 3-2 shows the ELS100-24TX switch user interface menu
hierarchy.
System
Configuration
Menu
Switch
Configuration
Menu
Port Menu
Switch
Statistics
Screen
General
Information
Screen
SNMP Configuration Menu
System Name
System Location
System Contact
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
BootP/DHCP Enable
Screen Timeout (minutes)
Password
Terminal Baud Rate
Terminal Hardware Flow Control
Forwarding Table Configuration Menu
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu
VLAN Configuration Menu
Class of Service Configuration Menu
Forwarding Table Aging Time (seconds)
Broadcast Cutoff Rate
Port Mirroring Enable
Mirrored Port Transmit Data Mirror Enable
Mirroring Port Receive Data Mirror Enable
ID
Port Name
Enable Status
Link Status
Auto Negotiated Status
Full Duplex Status
Speed (10/100Mbps)
Flow Control Status
Configure
ID
Transmitted
Received
Forwarded
Filtered
Dropped
Errored
Switch Summary
Port Statistics
Software Version
Serial Number
Base MAC Address
Up Time (minutes)
Power Up Count
Download Software Menu
Save Current Configuration
Return to Default Configuration
Logout
Reset
SNMP Private Community Name
SNMP Public Community Name
Trap Destination #1-4
Community Name #1-4
Display Table
Make Entry Static
Add Static Entry
Delete Static Entry
Modify Static Entry
Search by Port#
Search by MAC Address
Spanning Tree Protocol Enable
Port Configuration Menu
Hello Time (seconds)
Forward Delay (seconds)
Max Age (seconds)
Bridge Priority
VLAN Enable
VLAN Menu
VLAN Port Menu
Class of Service Enable
Priority Threshold
Configure Port Priority
Port Name
Port Enable
Flow Control Enable
Auto-negotiation Enable
Full Duplex
Port Speed
Port ID
Port Name
Path Cost
Port Priority
Port State
Select Port
ID
VLAN Name
Ports in VLAN
VLAN Egress Ports
Configure
Port ID
Port Name
Type
Modify Port Type
Port ID
Port Name
Priority Default
Configure
Frames Transmitted
Frames Received
Frames Forwarded
Frames Filtered
Frames Dropped
Frames Errored
Port #n Statistics
Frames Transmitted
Frames Received
Frames Forwarded
Frames Filtered
Frames Dropped
Broadcasts Transmitted
Broadcasts Received
Multicasts Transmitted
Multicasts Received
Bytes Transmitted
Bytes Received
Pause Frames Transmitted
Pause Frames Received
Collisions
Late Collisions
CRC/Alignment Errors
Undersized Frames
Oversized Frames
Fragments
Jabbers
64 Byte Frames
65 to 127 Byte Frames
128 to 255 Byte Frames
256 to 511 Byte Frames
512 to 1023 Byte Frames
1024 to 1518 Byte Frames
Figure 3-2. ELS100-24TX User Interface Menu Hierarchy
24 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Main Menu
The Main Menu is the first screen seen after successfully logging in to the
system. Figure 3-3 shows the Main Menu and the accompanying table
describes the Main Menu.
MAIN MENU
Access Control: READ/WRITE
a. System Configuration Menu
b Switch Configuration Menu
c. Port Menu
d. Switch Statistics Screen
e. General Information Screen
f. Download Software Menu
g. Save Current Configuration
h. Return to Default Configuration
i. Logout
j. Reset
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-3. Main Menu
Selection
Description
System Configuration
Menu
Contains commands and parameters that reflect the global operation of the switch.
Switch Configuration
Menu
Provides access to information and parameters affecting the
functional operation of the switch. You can configure Forwarding Table, Spanning Tree, and virtual LAN (VLAN).
Port Menu
Shows the configuration of the individual ports on the switch
and allows you to modify switch port operation.
Switch Statistics
Screen
Presents switch-level and port-level statistics.
General Information
Screen
Displays the system software version, switch serial number,
base MAC address, system up time and power-up count.
Download Software
Menu
Contains parameters and commands for initiating a software
download to upgrade the switch operating software.
Save Current
Configuration
Saves current switch operating parameters to non-volatile
memory.
Return to Default
Configuration
Restores switch operating parameters to factory defaults. You
must reset the switch for activate default parameters.
Logout
Logs out of the console interface. Once you logout, you must
enter a password before you can access the console interface
again.
Reset
Performs a software reset of the switch by restarting the system
software and reloading all operating parameters.
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 25
System Configuration Menu
The System Configuration Menu enables modification of system-level
switch configuration parameters. Select a from the Main Menu to view the
System Configuration Menu. Figure 3-4 shows the System Configuration
Menu and the accompanying table describes the System Configuration
Menu.
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
a. SNMP Configuration Menu
b System Name
c. System Location
d. System Contact
e. IP Address
f. Subnet Mask
g. Default Gateway
h. BootP/DHCP Enable
i. Screen Timeout (minutes)
j. Password
k. Terminal Baud Rate
l. Terminal Hardware Flow Control
Access Control: READ/WRITE
000.000.000.000
000.000.000.000
000.000.000.000
Yes
0
None
9600
No
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-4. System Configuration Menu
Selection
SNMP Configuration
Menu
System Name
System Location
System Contact
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Default Gateway
BootP/DHCP Enable
Screen Timeout (minutes)
Password
Terminal Baud Rate
Terminal Hardware Flow
Control
26 ELS100-24TX User Interface
Description
Menu for configuring SNMP-related parameters.
The switch administrative name (1-36 character range).
The physical switch location (1-36 character range).
The switch contact person (1-36 character range).
The IP address of the switch.
Subnet mask associated with the switch IP address.
The default gateway (or router) to which the switch sends
IP packets destined for a different subnet.
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the BootP and
DHCP protocols for automatically configuring the switch’s
IP address information.
The duration of time before a serial console or Telnet session terminates due to user inactivity (0-65535 numeric
range). A value of “0” means that the screen will not terminate at any time.
Allows “read/write” access to the user interface, via the serial console or Telnet (1-10 character range).
Serial console baud rate (2400, 9600 or 19200).
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) hardware flow
control on serial console interface. Signals DTR, RTS and
CTS are used for this purpose. Flow control should be enabled if using external modem.
ELS100-24TX
SNMP Configuration Menu
The SNMP Configuration Menu allows you to modify SNMP-related
configuration parameters. Select a from the System Configuration Menu
to view the SNMP Configuration Menu. Figure 3-5 shows the SNMP
Configuration Menu and accompanying table describes the SNMP
Configuration Menu.
SNMP CONFIGURATION
a. SNMP Private Community Name
b. SNMP Public Community Name
c. Trap Destination #1
d. Community Name #1
e. Trap Destination #2
f. Community Name #2
g. Trap Destination #3
h. Community Name #3
i. Trap Destination #4
j. Community Name #4
Access Control: READ/WRITE
private
public
000.000.000.000
public
000.000.000.000
public
000.000.000.000
public
000.000.000.000
public
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-5. SNMP Configuration Menu
Selection
SNMP Private
Community Name
SNMP Public
Community Name
Trap Destination #1
Community Name #1
Trap Destination #2
Description
The community name for read/write SNMP access to the
device (1-10 character range; the default name is: “private”).
The community name for read only SNMP access to the device (1-10 character range; the default name is: “public”).
The IP address of trap destination #1 where SNMP trap
messages are forwarded.
The SNMP community name to use for traps forwarded to
trap destination #1.
The IP address of trap destination #2 where SNMP trap
messages are forwarded.
Community Name #2
The SNMP community name to use for traps forwarded to
trap destination #2.
Trap Destination #3
The IP address of trap destination #3 where SNMP trap
messages are forwarded.
The SNMP community name to use for traps forwarded to
trap destination #3.
Community Name #3
Trap Destination #4
Community Name #4
9032579-03
The IP address of trap destination #4 where SNMP trap
messages are forwarded.
The SNMP community name to use for traps forwarded to
trap destination #4.
ELS100-24TX User Interface 27
Switch Configuration Menu
The Switch Configuration Menu allows you to modify switching-related
configuration parameters. Select b from the Main Menu to view the Switch
Configuration Menu. Figure 3-6 shows the Switch Configuration Menu
and the accompanying table describes the Switch Configuration Menu.
SWITCH CONFIGURATION
Access Control: READ/WRITE
a. Forwarding Table Configuration Menu
b. Spanning Tree Configuration Menu
c. VLAN Configuration Menu
d. Class of Service Configuration Menu
e. Forwarding Table Aging Time(seconds)
f. Broadcast Cutoff Rate
g. Port Mirroring Enable
h. Mirrored Port
i. Mirroring Port
j. Transmit Data Mirror Enable
k. Receive Data Mirror Enable
300
500000
No
2
1
Yes
No
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-6. Switch Configuration Menu
Selection
Description
Forwarding Table
Configuration Menu
Menu for configuring the switch forwarding table.
Spanning Tree
Configuration Menu
Menu for configuring the switch Spanning Tree
operation.
VLAN Configuration Menu
Menu for configuring the VLAN operation of the switch.
Class of Service
Configuration Menu
Menu for configuring Class of Service for the switch.
Forwarding Table Aging Time
Time in seconds until entries in the filter table are aged
out if not accessed (10-1,000,000 second range).
Broadcast Cutoff Rate
Per second rate past which broadcast and destination
unknown unicast frames are not flooded on each
group of 8 ports on the switch (100-500,000 frames per
second range).
Port Mirroring Enable
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) port
mirroring.
Mirrored Port
The source port for the data to be mirrored.
Mirroring Port
The destination port for the data to be mirrored.
Transmit Data Mirror Enable *
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the
mirroring of data transmitted out the mirrored port.
Receive Data Mirror Enable *
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the
mirroring of data received by the mirrored port.
*Only one of these options can be enabled at any given time. Changing the setting
of one of these options automatically changes the setting of the other option.
28 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Forwarding Table Configuration Menu
The Forwarding Table Configuration Menu allows you to view and modify
forwarding table parameters. The MAC address of each forwarding table
entry is displayed along with its type, disposition, and associated port
number. Select a from the Switch Configuration Menu to view the
Forwarding Table Configuration Menu. Figure 3-7 shows the Forwarding
Table Configuration Menu and the accompanying table describes the
Forwarding Table Configuration Menu.
FORWARDING TABLE CONFIGURATION
Access Control: READ/WRITE
MAC ADDRESS
TYPE
DISPOSITION
PORT ID
PORT NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------0a0a0a0a0a0a
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
1
0a0a0a0a0a0b
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
2
0a0a0a0a0a0c
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
3
0a0a0a0a0a0d
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
4
0a0a0a0a0a0e
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
5
0a0a0a0a0a0f
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
6
0a0a0a0a0a10
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
7
0a0a0a0a0a11
DYNAMIC
FORWARD
8
n. Next Page
p. Previous Page
f. First Page
l. Last Page
a. Display Table
c. Add Static Entry
s. Search by Port #
b. Make Entry Static
d. Delete Static Entry
e. Modify Static Entry
m. Search by MAC Address x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-7. Forwarding Table Configuration Menu
Field
Description
MAC Address
MAC address for the listed port.
Type
Displays the type of address entry: system, dynamic or static.
Disposition
Displays disposition of the address entry: local, forward or discard.
Port ID
Displays the port number associated with the MAC address
entry.
Port Name
Displays the administrative name assigned to the port.
continued on next page
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 29
Forwarding Table Configuration Menu (continued)
Selection
Description
Next Page
Displays the next page of the forwarding table.
Previous Page
Displays the previous page of the forwarding table.
First Page
Displays the first page (top) of the forwarding table.
Last Page
Displays the last page of the forwarding table.
Display Table
Redisplays the forwarding table.
Make Entry Static
Makes a dynamic entry in the forwarding table static.
Add Static Entry
Adds a static entry to the forwarding table.
Delete Static Entry
Deletes a static entry from the forwarding table.
Modify Static Entry
Modifies a static entry from the forwarding table.
Search by Port #
Performs a search by port number and posts the search results
at the top of the screen.
Search by MAC
Address
Performs a search by MAC Address and posts the search results at the top of the screen.
30 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu
The Spanning Tree Configuration Menu allows you to view and modify
Spanning Tree parameters. Select b from the Switch Configuration Menu
to view the Spanning Tree Configuration Menu. A letter identifies
selections that can be modified. All other fields are read-only. Figure 3-8
shows the Spanning Tree Configuration Menu and the accompanying
table describes the Spanning Tree Configuration Menu.
SPANNING TREE CONFIGURATION
Bridge ID
Designated Root
Root Path Cost
Root Port
Topology Change Count
a. Spanning Tree Protocol Enable
b. Port Configuration Menu
c. Hello Time (seconds)
d. Forward Delay (seconds)
e. Max Age (seconds)
f. Bridge Priority
Access Control: READ/WRITE
32768-000000000000
0
NO PORT
0
No
2
15
20
32768
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-8. Spanning Tree Configuration Menu
Field
Description
Bridge ID
A unique identifier for the bridge (switch) in the Spanning
Tree. The ID is a combination of the bridge priority and
port 1 MAC address.
Designated Root
The bridge in the Spanning Tree with the lowest Bridge
ID value, designated as the root bridge.
Root Path Cost
The cost of the path to the root bridge.
Root Port
The port identifier of the port that offers the lowest cost
path to the root bridge.
Topology Change
Count
The count of the number of times the network topology
has changed from a Spanning Tree reconfiguration.
continued on next page
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 31
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu (continued)
Selection
Description
Spanning Tree Protocol
Enable
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the global
Spanning Tree operation on the switch.
Port Configuration Menu
Provides access to the Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu.
Hello Time (seconds)
The time interval between the sending of Configuration BPDUs by the bridge, if it is root (1-10 second
range).
Forward Delay
(seconds)
The time interval delay before a port transfers into the
forwarding state, if it is root (4-30 second range).
Max Age (seconds)
The maximum age of received protocol information
before it is discarded (6-40 second range).
Bridge Priority
A relative priority of bridges, with the lowest value
bridge ID indicating the highest priority (0-65535
range).
32 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu
The Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu allows you to view Spanning
Tree Configuration information for all of the ports in a table format. Select
b from the Spanning Tree Configuration Menu to view the Spanning Tree
Port Configuration Menu. Figure 3-9 shows the Spanning Tree Port
Configuration Menu and the accompanying table describes the Spanning
Tree Port Configuration Menu.
SPANNING TREE PORT CONFIGURATION
Access Control: READ/WRITE
PORT ID PORT NAME
PATH COST
PORT PRIORITY PORT STATE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
10
128
FORWARDING
2
10
128
FORWARDING
3
10
128
FORWARDING
4
10
128
FORWARDING
5
10
128
FORWARDING
6
10
128
FORWARDING
7
10
128
FORWARDING
8
10
128
FORWARDING
9
10
128
FORWARDING
10
10
128
FORWARDING
n. Next Page
p. Previous Page
f. First Page
a. Select Port
r. Refresh
x. Previous Menu
l. Last Page
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-9. Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu
Field
Description
Port ID
A unique identifier for a port on the bridge (switch).
Port Name
The administrative name assigned to the port.
Path Cost
The contribution of the path through this port, when it is the root port,
to the total path cost from this bridge to the root bridge. 10 for 100Mbps
ports, 100 for 10Mbps ports.
Port Priority
The relative priority of the port on the bridge.
Port State
The current Spanning Tree state of the port on the bridge, either
disabled, listening, learning, forwarding, or blocking.
Selection
Description
Next Page
Displays the next page of the table.
Previous Page
Displays the previous page of the table.
First Page
Displays the first page (top) of the table.
Last Page
Displays the last page of the table.
Select Port
Allows you to enter a port number to view and modify port parameters
in the Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration Menu.
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 33
Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration Menu
The Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration Menu allows you to view
Spanning Tree Port Configuration information for an individual port.
Select a from the Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu to view the
Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration Menu. Figure 3-10 shows the
Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration Menu and the accompanying table
describes the Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration Menu. The “Port #n”
designation represents the specific port number for configuration.
SPANNING TREE PORT #1 CONFIGURATION
Port State
MAC Address
Designated Cost
Designated Port
Designated Root
Designated Bridge
a. Path Cost
b. Port Priority
Access Control: READ/WRITE
DISABLED
0a0a0a0a0a0a
0
0
10
32768
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-10. Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu
Field
Description
Port State
The current Spanning Tree state of the port, either disabled,
listening, learning, forwarding, or blocking.
MAC Address
The MAC address of the port.
Designated Cost
The cost of the path to the Root offered by the designated
port for the LAN associated with the port.
Designated Port
The Port ID of the port believed to be the designated port for
the LAN associated with the port.
Designated Root
The Bridge ID of the bridge recorded as the Root for the LAN
associated with the port.
Designated Bridge
The Bridge ID of the bridge believed to be the designated
bridge for the LAN associated with the port.
Selection
Description
Path Cost
The contribution of the path through this port, when it is the
root port, to the total path cost from this bridge to the root
bridge (1-65535 range).
Port Priority
The relative priority of the port on the bridge (0-255 range).
34 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
VLAN Configuration Menu
The VLAN Configuration Menu allows you to configure the operation of
virtual LANs (VLANs) in the switch. Select c from the Switch Configuration
Menu to view the VLAN Configuration Menu. Figure 3-11 shows the VLAN
Configuration Menu and the accompanying table describes the VLAN
Configuration Menu. See Appendix D, “Virtual LANs (VLANs)” for more
information about this feature.
VLAN CONFIGURATION
a. VLAN Enable
b. VLAN Menu
c. VLAN Port Menu
Access Control: READ/WRITE
No
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-11. VLAN Configuration Menu
Selection
Description
VLAN Enable
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the
global VLAN operation of the switch.
VLAN Menu
Allows you to open the VLAN Menu.
VLAN Port Menu
Menu for configuring VLAN information per
port.
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 35
VLAN Menu
The VLAN Menu displays the configuration of VLANs in the switch and
allows access to the VLAN #n Configuration Menu to create and configure
VLANs. Select b from the VLAN Configuration Menu to view the VLAN
Menu. Figure 3-12 shows the VLAN Menu and the accompanying table
describes the VLAN Menu.
VLAN MENU
Access Control: READ/WRITE
ID VLAN NAME
PORTS IN VLAN
VLAN EGRESS PORTS
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 default
1-24
None
c. Configure
d. Delete
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-12. VLAN Menu
Field
Description
ID
The identification number of the VLAN (1-4 character
range).
VLAN Name
The administrative name assigned to the VLAN (1-14
character range; entering a VLAN name is not required).
Ports in VLAN
The ports assigned to the VLAN.
VLAN Egress Ports
The egress (exit) ports which link the ELS100-24TX to
other devices which also include members of the same
VLAN.
Selection
Description
Configure
Allows you to configure an existing VLAN listed in the
VLAN table, create a new VLAN (1-4094 numerical
range), and to open the VLAN #n Configuration Menu.
Delete
Allows you to delete a specific VLAN.
36 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
VLAN #n Configuration Menu
The VLAN #n Configuration Menu allows you to configure a name for a
specific VLAN, add or remove a port in the VLAN, and add or remove an
egress port in the VLAN. Select c from the VLAN Menu to view the VLAN
#n Configuration Menu. Figure 3-13 shows the VLAN #n Configuration
Menu and the accompanying table describes the VLAN #n Configuration
Menu.
The designation “#n” represents the number of the specific VLAN to be configured.
When configuring ports using the Ports in VLAN parameter, they will be moved to that selected VLAN, and automatically removed from their previous VLAN.
VLAN #n CONFIGURATION
Ports in VLAN
VLAN Egress Ports
Access Control: READ/WRITE
1-24
None
a. VLAN Name
b. Add Port in VLAN
c. Remove Port In VLAN
d. Add VLAN Egress Port
e. Remove VLAN Egress Port
default
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-13. VLAN #n Configuration Menu
Field
Description
Ports in VLAN
Lists the ports in the specific VLAN.
VLAN Egress Ports
Lists the VLAN Egress Ports for the specific VLAN.
Selection
Description
VLAN Name
Allows you to enter an administrative name for the
VLAN (1-14 character range; entering a VLAN
name is not required).
Add Port in VLAN
Allows you to enter a port in the VLAN.
Remove Port in VLAN
Allows you to remove a port in the VLAN.
Add VLAN Egress Port
Allows you to add a VLAN Egress Port.
Remove VLAN Egress Port
Allows you to remove a VLAN Egress Port.
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 37
VLAN Port Menu
The VLAN Port Menu displays a table of VLAN configuration information
on a per port basis and allows you to modify the VLAN Port Type. Select
c from the VLAN Configuration Menu to view the VLAN Port Menu. Figure
3-14 shows the VLAN Port Menu and the accompanying table describes
the VLAN Port Menu.
VLAN PORT MENU
Access Control: READ/WRITE
PORT ID
PORT NAME
TYPE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
ACCESS
2
ACCESS
3
ACCESS
4
ACCESS
5
ACCESS
6
ACCESS
7
ACCESS
8
ACCESS
9
ACCESS
10
ACCESS
n. Next Page
p. Previous Page
a. Modify Port Type
f. First Page
l. Last Page
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-14. VLAN Port Configuration Menu
Field
Description
Port ID
The number assigned to the port.
Port Name
The administrative name assigned to the port
Type
The VLAN type for each port (either Hybrid or Access).
Hybrid ports accept tagged and non-tagged frames
while Access ports only allow non-tagged frames.
Selection
Description
Next Page
Displays the next page of the table.
Previous Page
Displays the previous page of the table.
First Page
Displays the first page of the table.
Last Page
Displays the last page of the table.
Modify Port Type
Allows you to modify the port type (either Hybrid or
Access).
38 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Class of Service Configuration Menu
The Class of Service Configuration Menu allows you to configure Class of
Service settings for the system as well as to set the Class of Service for
VLAN tagged frames. Select d from the Switch Configuration Menu to
view the Class of Service Configuration Menu. Figure 3-15 shows the
Class of Service Configuration Menu and the accompanying table
describes the Class of Service Configuration Menu.
CLASS OF SERVICE CONFIGURATION
a. Class of Service Enable
b. Priority Threshold
c. Configure Port Priority
Access Control: READ/WRITE
No
4
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-15. Class of Service Configuration Menu
Selection
Description
Class of Service Enable
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) Class of
Service operation for the system.
Priority Threshold
Allows you to enter the global priority threshold level.
The configurable range is 0-7 (0=low, 7=high).
VLAN tagged frames with a priority level below this
threshold level will be assigned normal priority level
through the switch.
VLAN tagged frames with a priority level equal to or
greater than this threshold level will be assigned high
priority through the switch.
Configure Port Priority
9032579-03
Allows you to open the Port Priority Menu for configuring Class of Service information per port.
ELS100-24TX User Interface 39
Port Priority Menu
The Port Priority Menu allows you to modify and display a table which
shows priority queuing configuration information on a per port basis.
Select c from the Class of Service Configuration Menu to view the Port
Priority Configuration Menu. Figure 3-16 shows the Port Priority
Configuration Menu and the accompanying table describes the Port
Priority Configuration Menu.
PORT PRIORITY
Access Control: READ/WRITE
PORT ID PORT NAME
PRIORITY DEFAULT
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
0
2
0
3
0
4
0
5
0
6
0
7
0
8
0
9
0
10
0
n. Next Page
p. Previous Page
c. Configure
x. Previous Menu
f. First Page
l. Last Page
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-16. Port Priority Configuration Menu
Field
Description
Port ID
The port number assigned to the port.
Port Name
The administrative name assigned to the port (1-14
character range).
Priority Default
The priority level assigned to non-tagged frames entering the associated port. The configurable range is 0-7
(0=low, 7=high). This value, compared to the Priority
Threshold Value, determines the priority level assigned to all non-tagged frames.
Selection
Description
Next Page
Displays the next page of the table.
Previous Page
Displays the previous page of the table.
First Page
Displays the first page of the table.
Last Page
Displays the last page of the table.
Configure
Allows you to configure the priority default for a specific
port (0-7 number range).
40 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Port Menu
The Port Menu allows you to display information for each port in a table
format, as well as to access the Port Configuration Menu. You can also
refresh the screen information. Select c from the Main Menu to view the
Port Menu. Figure 3-17 shows the Port Menu and the accompanying table
describes the Port Menu.
PORT MENU
Access Control: READ/WRITE
LINK
AUTO
FULL
FLOW
ID PORT NAME ENABLED
STATUS
NEGOTIATED DUPLEX SPEED TYPE CONTROL
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
2
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
3
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
4
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
5
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
6
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
7
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
8
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
9
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
10
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
11
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
12
Yes
CONNECTED
No
Yes
100 100TX
No
n. Next Page
p. Previous Page
r. Refresh
c. Configure
f. First Page
l. Last Page
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-17. Port Menu
Field
ID
Port Name
Enabled
Link Status
Auto Negotiated
Full Duplex
Speed
Flow Control
Port Type
Selection
Next Page
Previous Page
First Page
Last Page
Refresh
Configure
9032579-03
Description
The number assigned to the port.
The administrative name assigned to the port (1-14 character range).
The current “enabled” state of the port, either “Yes” or “No.”
The current link state of the port, either “Connected” or “Disconnected.”
The current state of auto-negotiation for the port, whether or not it has
completed auto-negotiation, either “Yes” or “No”.
The current full duplex state of the port, either “Yes” or “No.”
The current speed of the port, either 10Mbps or 100Mbps.
The current enable/disable flow control port state, either “Yes” or “No.”
The current type of connection: 10T=10Base-T, 100TX=100Base-TX.
Description
Displays the next page of the table.
Displays the previous page of the table.
Displays the first page (top) of the table.
Displays the last page of the table.
Refreshes the screen to reflect latest system conditions.
Opens up the Port Configuration Menu. From this menu you can configure an individual port or multiple ports (See Section 4).
ELS100-24TX User Interface 41
Port Configuration Menu
The Port Configuration Menu allows you to configure port settings for a
specific port. Select c from the Port Menu to view the Port Configuration
Menu. Figure 3-18 shows the Port Configuration Menu and the
accompanying table describes the Port Configuration Menu.
PORTS 1-5 CONFIGURATION
a
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
Port Name
Port Enable
Flow Control Enable
Auto-negotiation Enable
Full Duplex
Port Speed
Access Control: READ/WRITE
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
100
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-18. Port Configuration Menu
Selection
Description
Port Name
Allows you to assign an administrative name to the port
(1-14 character range).
Port Enable
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the port(s).
Flow Control Enable
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) flow control
on the port(s).
Auto-negotiation
Enable
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the
auto-negotiation mode for the port(s).
If Auto-negotiation Enable is set to “No,” the Full Duplex
and Port Speed fields display and are eligible for
configuration.
If Auto-negotiation Enable is set to “Yes,” the Full
Duplex and Port Speed fields disappear and the system
automatically manages these functions.
Full Duplex
Allows you to enable (Yes) or disable (No) the full duplex
mode for the port(s).
Port Speed
Allows you to set the speed (10 or 100Mbps) for the
port(s).
42 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Switch Statistics Screen
The Switch Statistics Screen provides a summary display of port-level
statistics, and provides access to the Port Statistics screens. You can also
clear or refresh the statistics. Select d from the Main Menu to view the
Switch Statistics Screen. Figure 3-19 shows the Switch Statistics Screen
and the accompanying table describes the Switch Statistics Screen.
SWITCH STATISTICS
Access Control: READ/WRITE
ID TRANSMITTED RECEIVED FORWARDED FILTERED DROPPED ERRORED
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
5
0
0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
0
0
0
7
0
0
0
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
0
0
0
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
0
0
0
0
0
0
n. Next Page
p. Previous Page
s. Switch Summary
r. Refresh
c. Clear
f. First Page
l. Last Page
d. Port Statistics
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-19. Switch Statistics Screen
Field
Description
ID
The number assigned to the port.
Transmitted
Number of frames transmitted out the port.
Received
Number of frames received on the port.
Forwarded
Number of frames forwarded through the port.
Filtered
Number of frames filtered on the port.
Dropped
Number of frames received on the port that were dropped by the
switch due to lack of resources.
Errored
Number of errored frames received on the port.
Selection
Description
Next Page
Displays the next page of the table.
Previous Page
Displays the previous page of the table.
First Page
Displays the first page of the table.
Last Page
Displays the last page of the table.
Switch Summary
Allows you to open the Switch Summary Screen.
Port Statistics
Allows you to open the Port Statistics Screen.
Refresh
Refreshes switch statistics.
Clear
Clears (or sets to zero) switch statistics.
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 43
Switch Summary Screen
The Switch Summary Screen allows you to display sum total statistics for
all ports of the switch. You can also clear or refresh the statistics. Select
s from the Switch Statistics Screen to view the Switch Summary screen.
Figure 3-20 shows the Switch Summary Screen and the accompanying
table describes the Switch Summary Screen.
SWITCH SUMMARY
Access Control: READ/WRITE
Frames Transmitted
Frames Received
Frames Forwarded
Frames Filtered
Frames Dropped
Frames Errored
r. Refresh
c. Clear
0
0
0
0
0
0
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-20. Switch Summary Screen
Field
Description
Frames
Transmitted
Total number of frames transmitted out all ports.
Frames Received
Total number of frames received on all ports.
Frames Forwarded
Total number of frames forwarded through the switch.
Frames Filtered
Total number of frames filtered on all ports.
Frames Dropped
Total number of frames dropped by the switch due to lack
of resources.
Frames Errored
Total number of errored frames received from all ports.
Selection
Description
Refresh
Refreshes switch summary statistics.
Clear
Clears (or sets to zero) switch summary statistics.
44 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Port Statistics Screen
The Port Statistics Screen allows you to display statistics for each port on
the switch. Many of these statistics correspond to the Statistics group of
RMON. You can also refresh or clear the statistics. Select s from the
Switch Statistics Screen to view the Port Statistics screen. Figure 3-21
shows the Port Statistics Screen and the accompanying table describes
the Port Statistics Screen.
PORT 1 STATISTICS
Access Control: READ/WRITE
Frames Transmitted
Frames Received
Frames Forwarded
Frames Filtered
Frames Dropped
Broadcasts Transmitted
Broadcasts Received
Multicasts Transmitted
Multicasts Received
Bytes Transmitted
Bytes Received
Pause Frames Transmitted
Pause Frames Received
r. Refresh
c. Clear
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Collisions
Late Collisions
CRC/Alignment Errors
Undersized Frames
Oversized Frames
Fragments
Jabbers
64 Byte Frames
65 to 127 Byte Frames
128 to 255 Byte Frames
256 to 511 Byte Frames
512 to 1023 Byte Frames
1024 to 1518 Byte Frames
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-21. Port Statistics Screen
Field
Description
Frames Transmitted
Total number of frames transmitted on the port.
Frames Received
Total number of frames received on the port.
Frames Forwarded
Total number of frames received on the port which
were forwarded to other ports.
Frames Filtered
Total number of frames received on the port which
were filtered.
Frames Dropped
Total number of frames received on the port which
were dropped by the switch due to lack of resources.
Broadcasts
Transmitted
Total number of broadcast frames transmitted on the
port.
Broadcasts Received
Total number of broadcast frames received on the
port.
continued on next page
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 45
Figure 3-21 Port Statistics Screen (continued)
Field
Description
Multicasts Transmitted
Total number of multicast frames transmitted on the
port.
Multicasts Received
Total number of multicast frames received on the
port.
Bytes Transmitted
Total number of bytes transmitted on the port.
Bytes Received
Total number of bytes received on the port.
Pause Frames Transmitted
Total number of flow control pause frames
transmitted on the port.
Pause Frames Received
Total number of flow control pause frames received
on the port.
Collisions
Total number of collisions detected on the port.
Late Collisions
Total number of late collisions detected on the port.
CRC/Alignment Errors
Total number of frames received on the port which
had either a CRC or an alignment error.
Undersized Frames
Total number of frames received on the port which
were undersized.
Oversized Frames
Total number of frames received on the port which
were oversized.
Fragments
Total number of frames received on the port which
were fragments.
Jabbers
Total number of frames received on the port which
were jabbers.
64 Byte Frames
Total number of frames received and transmitted on
the port which were 64 bytes in length.
65 to 127 Byte Frames
Total number of frames received and transmitted on
the port which were from 65 to 127 bytes in length.
128 to 255 Byte Frames
Total number of frames received and transmitted on
the port which were from 128 to 255 bytes in length.
256 to 511 Byte Frames
Total number of frames received and transmitted on
the port which were from 256 to 511 bytes in length.
512 to 1023 Byte Frames
Total number of frames received and transmitted on
the port which were from 512 to 1023 bytes in length.
1024 to 1518 Byte Frames
Total number of frames received and transmitted on
the port which were from 1024 to 1518 bytes in
length.
Selection
Description
Refresh
Refreshes port statistics.
Clear
Clears (or sets to zero) port statistics.
46 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
General Information Screen
The General Information Screen allows you to view general system
information. Select e from the Main Menu to view the General Information
Screen. Figure 3-22 shows the General Information Screen and the
accompanying table describes the General Information Screen.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Access Control: READ/WRITE
Software Version
Serial Number
Base MAC Address
Up Time(minutes)
Power Up Count
1.00
100
00c0ba000000
12
1
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-22. General Information Screen
Field
Description
Software Version
The version of system software currently operating
on the switch.
Serial Number
The serial number of the switch.
Base MAC Address
The base MAC address of the switch (port 1
address).
Up Time (minutes)
The number of minutes the switch has been
operational since the last power cycle or reset.
Power Up Count
The number of times the system has powered up
or been reset since the switch was originally
shipped from the factory.
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 47
Download Software Menu
The Download Software Menu allows you to set up and initiate a software
download. Select f from the Main Menu to view the Download Software
Menu. Figure 3-23 shows the Download Software Menu and the
accompanying table describes the Download Software Menu.
DOWNLOAD SOFTWARE
a. TFTP Server IP Address
b. TFTP File Name
c. Start TFTP Download
d. Start XMODEM Download
Access Control: READ/WRITE
1.2.3.4
x. Previous Menu
Enter Selection:
Figure 3-23. Download Software Menu
Selection
Description
TFTP Server IP Address
The IP address of the TFTP server.
TFTP File Name
The file name to be downloaded from the
TFTP server (maximum of 80 characters).
Start TFTP Download
Starts a TFTP download using TFTP Server
IP Address and TFTP File Name information.
Start XMODEM Download
Starts an XMODEM (serial) download.
48 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
Save Current Configuration
The Save Current Configuration screen ensures that all changes made to
the ELS100-24TX switch via the console menus will be stored in the event
of power outages or power cycles.
To save your current configuration, do the following:
1.
Select g from the Main Menu to view the Save Current Configuration
screen.
The following message prompt displays:
The current settings will become permanent.
All the saved settings will be lost!
a. OK
x. Cancel and return to the Previous Menu
2.
Select either a to confirm the process or x to cancel the process.
Return to Default Configuration
The Return to Default Configuration screen allows you to restore the
original factory default switch settings before changes were made via the
user interface or SNMP.
To return to default configuration settings, do the following:
1.
Select h from the Main Menu to view the Return to Default
Configuration screen.
The following message prompt displays:
Switch will return to default settings.
All the current changes and settings will be lost!
a. OK
x. Cancel and return to the Previous Menu
2.
Select either a to confirm the process or x to cancel the process.
Logout
The Logout menu item allows you to log out of the user interface and
return to the Login screen. Select i from the Main Menu to logout. After
this command is entered, the system logout occurs automatically.
9032579-03
ELS100-24TX User Interface 49
Reset
The Reset screen allows you to restore the latest saved configuration or
system defaults if the system configuration has not been saved.
To reset the switch, do the following:
1.
Select j from the Main Menu to view the Reset screen.
The following message prompt displays:
Switch will go through a hardware reset.
All the current changes that have not been saved
will be lost!
a. Save changes and Reset
b. Don’t save changes and Reset
x. Cancel and return to the Previous Menu
2.
Select either a to confirm the process or x to cancel the process.
50 ELS100-24TX User Interface
ELS100-24TX
4. CONFIGURING & MONITORING THE SWITCH
Common Tasks
The switch console menus allow you to modify default switch settings and
configure the switch for network management. They also allow you to
monitor switch performance and status. See Section 3, “ELS100-24TX
User Interface,” for an overview of the menu hierarchy and a description
of all menus. The following sections describe common tasks in setting up
and operating the ELS100-24TX switch.
To begin, set operating parameters and make sure the network
connections are correct by performing these tasks:
•
Setting password protection for the switch to prevent unauthorized
access to console menus
•
Assigning an IP address for the switch if you plan to manage the
switch using SNMP, or if you use Telnet to access the switch
•
Checking network configuration status and verifying that network
connections are correct
After the switch is installed and operating, you may want to perform any
of the following tasks:
•
Connecting via Telnet for in-band access to the console menus
•
Setting SNMP parameters for management access
•
Viewing switch statistics to monitor and evaluate switch performance
and traffic patterns on the network
•
Configuring port mirroring
•
Downloading a software upgrade
•
Configuring Spanning Tree parameters
•
Configuring VLANs
•
Configuring Class of Service
•
Configuring port operation (enable/disable, port speed, full/half
duplex and flow control)
•
Configuring the forwarding table
•
Configuring the broadcast cutoff rate
•
Setting a default gateway
•
Configuring BootP/DHCP
9032579-03
Configuring & Monitoring The Switch 51
Setting Password Protection
The ELS100-24TX switch is factory-configured with access rights to the
console menus set to READ/WRITE. This setting allows anyone to use
the console menus to modify any operational parameter. To protect the
configuration of the switch from unauthorized modification, you should
enable password protection to the console menus.
To enter a password, do the following:
1.
Select Password from the System Configuration Menu and
press [Enter].
2.
Enter a password containing six to eight alphanumeric characters.
The password is not case sensitive. For verification, you are asked to
enter your password again. If both entries agree, the new password is
stored.
By factory default, there is no password configured. This means that at
the login: prompt, all you have to do is press [Enter] to gain READ/
WRITE access to the console menus. When you configure the password
parameter, the factory default setting is deactivated and the new
password governs access to the console menus.
After you enter a password and logout using the Logout command from
the Main Menu, all access rights change to READ-ONLY. The current
level of access control is indicated at the top of the management screen.
If you forget your password, contact your NetVantage System Support
Representative.
You are automatically logged out from the console menus
based on the Screen Timeout setting in the System Configuration Menu. A setting of “0” permits the console menus
to remain available indefinitely.
Assigning an IP Address
To assign an IP address to the switch, do the following:
1.
Select System Configuration Menu from the Main menu.
2.
Select IP address from the menu and enter the IP address.
Press [Enter].
The IP address is now programmed. The subnet mask is automatically set
to correspond to the class of the address entered. If a different mask is
used on the network, select Subnet Mask from the menu and enter the
appropriate mask.
52 Configuring & Monitoring The Switch
ELS100-24TX
Checking Network Configuration Status
To check connection status for the network, do the following:
1.
Select Port Menu from the Main Menu.
If a network cable is properly connected to a port, the Link Status for
the port reads CONNECTED. If no cable is connected to the port, or
if the cable or port is faulty, the Link Status for the port reads DISCONNECTED.
2.
If you see a DISCONNECTED status for a connected port, plug the
cable into another port on the switch or try another cable.
Connecting via Telnet
You can connect to the ELS100-24TX switch from a remote location using
the Telnet application. This application allows you to establish in-band
access to the console menus.
To connect to the ELS100-24TX switch via Telnet, do the following:
1.
Assign an IP address using the System Configuration Menu.
2.
Set a password using the System Configuration Menu.
3.
Login to the ELS100-24TX switch via Telnet using the configured IP
address and the password.
Setting SNMP Management Access
Access to the ELS100-24TX switch through SNMP is controlled by
community names. The community names set for the switch must match
those used by the SNMP management station for successful
communication to occur. The switch uses two community names. The
“Public” community name allows read-only access to the device via
SNMP. The “Private” community name allows read/write access.
The ELS100-24TX switch can send SNMP messages called traps to
SNMP management stations when an important event occurs with the
switch. The switch allows up to four destinations to be configured for
these trap messages to be sent.
To configure SNMP access for the switch, do the following:
1.
Select System Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select SNMP Configuration Menu.
3.
Select SNMP Private Community Name from the menu and enter the
desired read/write access community name (you are permitted to
enter from one to 10 characters).
4.
Select SNMP Public Community Name and enter the desired readonly community name (you are permitted to enter from one to 10
characters).
9032579-03
Configuring & Monitoring The Switch 53
5.
Select one or more Trap Destination entries from the menu and enter
the appropriate IP addresses.
6.
For each trap destination entered, a corresponding community name
should be entered.
Viewing Switch Statistics
To view switch statistics, do the following:
1.
Select Switch Statistics Screen from the Main Menu.
The screen lists the main statistical counts for all ports on the switch
simultaneously.
2.
Select Switch Summary from the Switch Statistics Screen.
The screen lists a summary of sum total statistics for all ports on the
switch.
3.
Select Port Statistics from the Switch Statistics Screen.
4.
Enter the port number. Press [Enter].
The screen lists expanded port-level statistics for an individual port.
5.
On any of the statistics screens, select Clear to clear (zero) the
displayed statistical counts and Refresh to refresh (update) the
displayed statistical counts.
Configuring Port Mirroring
You can mirror the traffic being switched on any port for the purposes of
network traffic analysis and connection assurance. When Port Mirroring
is enabled, one port in each group of eight becomes a monitor port for any
one of the other ports within the group.
To configure port mirroring, do the following:
1.
Select Switch Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Turn the switch port mirroring operation on or off by toggling the Port
Mirroring Enable option (pressing g).
3.
Select Mirrored Port for the port to be mirrored (traffic information
source) and enter the number of the port. Press [Enter].
4.
Select Mirroring Port for the port which receives the mirrored data
(traffic information destination) and enter the number of the port.
Press [Enter].
5.
Select Transmit Data Mirror Enable to mirror the data being
transmitted out the mirrored port to the mirroring port. Alternatively,
select Receive Data Mirror Enable to mirror the data being received
on the mirrored port to the mirroring port. Only one of these
parameters can be enabled at a given time.
6.
Connect a traffic analyzer or RMON probe to the mirroring port.
54 Configuring & Monitoring The Switch
ELS100-24TX
Downloading a Software Upgrade
You can upgrade the operational software in the ELS100-24TX switch
without physically opening the switch or being in the same location. The
software storage sector in the flash memory of the switch is
reprogrammable, allowing you to easily download software feature
enhancements and problem fixes to the switch from a local or remote
location.
Software can be downloaded to the switch in two ways:
•
Via the serial port. This procedure is an out-of-band operation that
copies the software through the serial port to the switch. This
operation takes approximately 10 minutes and requires minimal
configuration.
•
Via TFTP download. This procedure uses a TFTP server connected
to the network and downloads the software using the TFTP protocol.
A TFTP download is much faster than a serial download, requiring
only a few seconds, and can be used to upgrade an ELS100-24TX
switch that is not physically proximate. The disadvantage is that this
method requires a TFTP server and additional setup.
Downloading Via the Serial Port
A serial download is the easiest method to upgrade the ELS100-24TX
switch software, requiring the least amount of equipment and
configuration.
To download switch software via the serial port, do the following:
1.
Select Download Software Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Start XMODEM Download.
The following message prompt displays:
Software downloader is running.
Software downloader request: Please start XMODEM
transfer (9600, N, 1). (Please ignore any
characters that may appear on the next line).
3.
Send the file using the XMODEM protocol from your computer
application (the procedure varies depending upon the application
used).
When the XMODEM procedure finishes, the following message
prompt displays:
Software download successfully completed XMODEM
download. Please wait while program flash is being
written. Software downloader is exiting after
successful download to flash. Please wait while
system initializes.
The system software will reinitialize and display the login prompt.
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Configuring & Monitoring The Switch 55
Downloading Via TFTP
To perform a TFTP download, you must first configure the ELS100-24TX
switch. This consists of programming the switch with an IP address, if this
has not already been done, and entering the IP address of the TFTP
server and the name of the upgrade file. To program the switch IP
address, go to the System Configuration Menu which is accessible from
the Main Menu screen.
To download switch software via TFTP, do the following:
1.
Select TFTP Server IP Address from the Download Software Menu.
2.
Enter the TFTP server IP address and press [Enter].
3.
Select TFTP File Name and enter the file name to be downloaded
from the TFTP server.
For a TFTP download, the path to the file must be included in its name. For example, if the upgrade file
name is filename.bin and it resides in the directry /
usr/tftp on the TFTP server, then you must enter the
TFTP file name as: “/usr/tftp/filename.bin”.
4.
If necessary, configure the address of an IP gateway to reach the
server from the switch using the Default Gateway field on the System
Configuration Menu.
5.
Configure the TFTP server by copying the download file from the
upgrade disk to an appropriate directory and starting the server.
6.
Select Start TFTP Download and press [Enter].
To verify that the TFTP download has been successfully completed,
note the software version level displayed on the General Information
Screen accessible from the Main Menu. This number should match
the version number that appears on the upgrade disk.
Configuring Spanning Tree Parameters
The ELS100-24TX switch supports the IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree
Protocol. This protocol allows redundant connections to be created
between LAN segments for purposes of fault tolerance. Two or more
physical paths between different segments can be created through the
switch, with the Spanning Tree Protocol choosing a single path at any
given time and disabling all others.
56 Configuring & Monitoring The Switch
ELS100-24TX
If the cosen path fails for any reason, a disabled alternative is activated,
thereby maintaining the connection. See Appendix B, “Spanning Tree
Concepts,” for further information on using the Spanning Tree Protocol in
a network.
Configuring Spanning Tree parameters from their
default can cause serious deterioration of network
performance.
To configure Spanning Tree Parameters, do the following:
1.
Select Switch Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Spanning Tree Configuration Menu.
3.
Turn the switch Spanning Tree operation on or off by toggling the
Spanning Tree Protocol Enable option by pressing a.
4.
Select Port Configuration.
The Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu displays. Change the
parameters that display in this menu as required.
Configuring VLANs
A virtual LAN (VLAN) is a group of devices on one or more LANs that are
configured such that they can communicate as if they were attached to
the same wire. Because VLANs are based on logical instead of physical
connections, they are extremely flexible.
The most fundamental benefit of VLAN technology is the ability to create
workgroups based on function rather than on physical location or media.
For further information, see Appendix D, “Virtual LANs (VLANs).”
To configure VLANs, do the following:
1.
Select Switch Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select VLAN Configuration Menu.
3.
Turn the global switch VLAN operation on or off by toggling the VLAN
Enable option by pressing a.
4.
Select VLAN Menu.
The VLAN Menu displays. This menu displays the current
configuration of VLANs in the system.
5.
To delete a current VLAN, select Delete, then enter the number of the
VLAN.
6.
To configure a VLAN, select Configure and enter a VLAN number. A
new VLAN can be created this way.
The VLAN #n Configuration Menu displays. From this menu, you can
configure VLAN names, add/delete ports in a VLAN, and add/delete
egress ports for a VLAN.
9032579-03
Configuring & Monitoring The Switch 57
7.
From the main VLAN Configuration Menu, select VLAN Port Menu to
configure the VLAN port mode (hybrid or access) for individual ports.
Configuring Class of Service
You can configure Class of Service parameters using the Class of Service
Configuration Menu. This menu permits you to configure priority levels to
traffic being forwarded through the switch. During periods of congestion,
Class of Service settings ensure that traffic which has been assigned high
priority is forwarded through the switch ahead of normal priority traffic. For
further information, see Appendix E, “Class of Service.”
To configure Class of Service, do the following:
1.
Select Class of Service Configuration Menu from the Switch
Configuration Menu.
2.
Turn the global switch Class of Service operation on or off by toggling
the Class of Service Enable option by pressing a.
3.
Select Priority Threshold and type a number between 0 and 7.
4.
Select Configure Port Priority.
The Port Priority Menu displays. From this menu, individual port priority levels can be configured.
Configuring Port Operation
You can configure ports for operational parameters such as autonegotiation, duplex mode, port speed and flow control.
To configure port operation, do the following:
1.
Select Port Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Configure and enter an individual port number or multiple port
numbers. Press [Enter].
Examples: You can configure an individual port or
multiple ports, separated by commas or hyphens,
in either:
a list: ports 1, 3, 5, 7
a range: ports 6-9
or a combination of both: 1, 3, 5, 7, 10-15, 21, 23
The port number(s) entered displays on the top of the Port
Configuration screen.
3.
Select Port Name and enter a Port Name. Press [Enter].
4.
Select Port Enable to toggle between enabling (Yes) and disabling
(No) the port(s).
58 Configuring & Monitoring The Switch
ELS100-24TX
5.
Select Flow Control Enable to toggle between enabling (Yes) or
disabling (No) flow control on the port(s).
6.
Select Auto-negotiation Enable to toggle between enabling (Yes) or
disabling (No) auto-negotiation on the port.
If Auto-negotiation Enable is set to No, the Full Duplex
and Port Speed modes need to be configured.
If Auto-negotiation Enable is set to Yes, the Full Duplex
and Port Speed fields disappear and the system automatically configures these functions.
7.
Select Full Duplex to toggle between Yes (Full Duplex) and No (Half
Duplex) mode on the port(s).
8.
Select Port Speed to toggle between 10Mbps and 100Mbps speeds
on the port(s).
Configuring the Forwarding Table
The Forwarding Table allows you to designate forwarding treatment
through the switch for specific MAC addresses, allowing you to maintain
the efficiency and security of your network. You can search for specific
MAC addresses by the address itself or by port number. The switch learns
addresses dynamically from incoming packets and builds a table of these
addresses along with their associated ports. There are three types of
MAC addresses in the forwarding table:
•
Dynamic MAC addresses, which are dynamically learned and
removed by the switch based on a time period defined using the
Forwarding Table Aging Time option in the Switch Configuration
Menu.
•
Static MAC addresses, which are entered manually, stored in
nonvolatile memory and automatically placed in the forwarding table.
•
System MAC addresses, which are set by the system software and
cannot be modified. Each switch port has a permanent system MAC
address assigned to it.
There are three types of dispositions associated with each address in the
forwarding table:
•
Forward, which directs packets destined for a specific MAC address
to a specific port.
•
Discard, which drops packets destined for a specific MAC address
(and thus provides a security function by blocking certain packets).
•
Local, which is for packets destined for the switch itself (such as a
“local” SNMP management packet).
To configure the forwarding table, do the following:
1.
Select Switch Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Forwarding Table Configuration Menu.
9032579-03
Configuring & Monitoring The Switch 59
To either make an existing dynamic entry static (Make Entry Static) or
delete a static entry (Delete Static Entry), do the following:
1.
Select the letter associated with the option.
The following message prompt displays:
Enter MAC Address:
2.
Enter the MAC address. Press [Enter].
To either add a static entry (Add Static Entry) or modify a static entry
(Modify Static Entry), do the following:
1.
Select the letter associated with the option.
The following message prompt displays:
Enter MAC Address:
2.
Enter the MAC address. Press [Enter].
The following message prompt displays:
Forward to Port (Y/N):
3.
Do one of the following:
If you select “Y” and Press [Enter], the system displays:
Enter Port Number (1-24):
Enter the port number. Press [Enter].
If you select “N” and press [Enter], the system displays “discard” in
the Disposition field.
Configuring Broadcast Throttling
This setting affects the throttling of excessive broadcast or unicast
packets with unknown MAC addresses being handled by the switch.
Normally, when these types of packets are received by the switch, they
are forwarded (flooded) to every port on the switch or on a VLAN.
However, if the receiving rate of these packets exceeds the broadcast
cutoff rate, the switch will throttle back or limit the forwarding of these
packets based on the configured Broadcast Cutoff Rate. This mechanism
helps to prevent broadcast storms, a problem often encountered in
Ethernet networks.
To configure the broadcast cutoff rate, do the following:
1.
Select Switch Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Broadcast Cutoff Rate, enter the rate value, and press [Enter].
Valid values are in the range from 100 to 500,000 per second. This
rate value is applied to each grouping of 8 ports on the switch. A setting of 500,000 essentially disables this feature.
60 Configuring & Monitoring The Switch
ELS100-24TX
Setting a Default Gateway
The Default Gateway parameter defines the IP address of a router or
other network device to which IP packets are to be sent if destined for a
subnet outside of that which the switch is operating.
To set a default gateway, do the following:
1.
Select System Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select Default Gateway.
3.
Enter the gateway IP address. Press [Enter].
Configuring BootP/DHCP
The DHCP and BootP protocols allow you to automatically configure the
switch’s IP address information. Enabling this feature greatly speeds up
device configuration, especially when a large number of devices are
installed.
A DHCP and/or BootP server must be operating on the network and be
properly configured for this option to work. When this option is enabled,
the switch first tries to obtain an IP address from a DHCP server. If this
fails, the switch tries to obtain an IP address from a BootP server. If this
fails, the switch uses a previously configured IP address, if one exists.
To configure BootP/DHCP, do the following:
1.
Select System Configuration Menu from the Main Menu.
2.
Select BootP/DHCP Enable.
This selection toggles between Enable and Disable.
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Configuring & Monitoring The Switch 61
5. SNMP MANAGEMENT
The SNMP Protocol
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a communication
protocol designed specifically for the purpose of managing devices or
other elements on a network. Network equipment commonly managed
with SNMP includes hubs, switches, routers, and host computers. SNMP
is typically used to configure these types of devices for proper operation
in their network environment, as well as to monitor them to evaluate their
performance and detect potential problems.
Managed entities supporting SNMP typically contain software, which runs
locally on the device and is referred to as an agent. In Figure 5-1, software
in an ELS100-24TX switch functions as an agent, monitoring and
controlling the functionality of the switch.
Figure 5-1. ELS100-24TX Switches Managed by an
SNMP Management Workstation
A defined set of variables, referred to as managed objects, is maintained
by the agent and used to manage the device. These objects are defined
in a Management Information Base (MIB) which allows for a standard
presentation of the information controlled by the agent over the network.
The software used to access the information maintained by the SNMP
agents across a network is referred to as the SNMP Manager, and
typically runs on a workstation.
The SNMP manager software uses a MIB specification, equivalent to that
which the agent maintains, to read and write objects controlled by the
agent for purposes of configuring and monitoring the device. SNMP
defines the format of the MIB specifications and the protocol used to
access this information.
9032579-03
SNMP Management 63
There are three main operations defined in SNMP:
•
Operations that read information from the managed device, such as
those used to obtain status or statistical data, are called GET
operations.
•
Operations that change a functional parameter on the device, such
as those used to configure Spanning Tree or to initiate a software
download, are referred to as SET operations. GET and SET
operations are initiated only by the manager software, and result in a
response by the agent.
•
The third operation type, the TRAP, allows the agent to send an
unsolicited message to the manager. This operation is typically used
as an alert of a potential problem or a change of status with the
device. The Trap Destination parameter in the SNMP Configuration
Menu is used to configure the IP addresses of the SNMP Manager to
which ELS100-24TX trap messages are sent.
MIB Objects
A number of standard MIB specifications have been defined for managing
network equipment. SNMP compliant devices typically support one or
more standard MIBs defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force
(IETF), in the form of Request for Comments (RFC) documents.
These MIBs provide a common method of managing devices, such as
switches and hubs, and network interfaces, such as Ethernet and token
ring. The primary standard MIB, referred to as MIB-II, provides an overall
view of the managed agent and must be supported, at least in part, by all
SNMP agents. In addition, proprietary MIB extensions are defined by
commercial vendors for managing device-specific functions of their products.
The ELS100-24TX switch supports four standard MIBs:
•
RFC 1213 - Management Information Base for Network
Management of TCP/IP based Internets (MIB-II)
•
RFC 1398 - Definitions of Managed Objects for the Ethernet-like
Interface Types (Ethernet MIB)
•
RFC 1493 - Definitions of Managed Objects for Bridges
•
RFC 1757 - Remote Network Monitoring Management Information
Base
The ELS100-24TX switch also supports Cabletron proprietary MIB
extensions.
RFC 1213 (MIB-II)
RFC 1213 provides management of switch system-level parameters,
including TCP/IP protocol-related statistics, IP addressing, routing table
information, and interface statistics for each switch port. MIB-II is the
standard MIB defined by RFC 1213. All agent devices operating SNMP
are required to support at least part of MIB-II.
64 SNMP Management
ELS100-24TX
This MIB reports information about the protocols and network interfaces
supported on the agent itself, as well as other general information. The
MIB is divided into a number of groups, each of which corresponds to a
specific protocol or set of information. Some groups are defined in other
RFC documents.
The groups specifically defined in RFC 1213 and supported by the
ELS100-24TX switch system software are as follows:
•
System – General information about the agent system
•
Interfaces – Information about the network interfaces of the system
•
Address Translation – Interface address information, both MAC level
and network (IP) level
•
IP – Statistics and information related to the IP protocol
•
ICMP – Statistics and information related to the ICMP protocol
•
TCP – Statistics and information related to the TCP protocol
•
UDP – Statistics and information related to the UDP protocol
•
Transmission – Statistics and information related to the physical
network medium to which the system interfaces (e.g. Ethernet, token
ring, etc.).
•
SNMP – Statistics and information related to the SNMP protocol
RFC 1398 (Ethernet MIB)
RFC 1398 provides management and monitoring for the Ethernet-specific
aspects of each port on the switch. This is the Ethernet-specific statistics
subgroup of the MIB-II Transmission group. This group provides a set of
statistics related to Ethernet’s physical level operation. Specifically, error
and collision-related statistics are presented.
RFC 1493 (Bridge MIB)
RFC 1493 is a group defined under MIB-II. This MIB deals with the
operation of the system as an 802.1D-compliant bridge. Areas of
functionality supported by this group include Spanning Tree and
forwarding table information and configuration.
RFC 1757 (RMON MIB)
RFC 1757 is a group defined under MIB-II. This MIB provides
management for the RMON aspects of the switch. The ELS100-24TX
switch supports four of the nine groups of RMON defined for Ethernet
networks on a per port basis. For further information, see the subsection
“RMON” in Chapter 1.
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SNMP Management 65
Cabletron Proprietary MIB Extensions
Areas of ELS100-24TX switch functionality not covered by the standard
RFC MIBs are specified in the Cabletron private MIB. This MIB definition
is specified separately from MIB-II. Areas covered in this MIB include
various system, switch, and port level information. System information
MIB variables are shown in Table 5-1, switch information variables in
Table 5-2, and port variables in Table 5-3.
Table 5-1. System Information Variables
Variable
Description
SerialNo
Serial number of the unit.
TftpIpAddress
TFTP server IP address for TFTP downloads.
TftpFilename
Filename of the download upgrade file on the
TFTP server.
PowerUpCount
Cumulative number of times switch has powered
up or been reset.
BroadcastCutoffRate
Per second rate past which broadcast and
destination unknown unicast frames are not
flooded on each group of 8 ports on the switch.
GatewayIPAddress
IP address of the default gateway (router) to which
packets destined for another subnet are sent.
TftpStartDownload
Start TFTP downloads via SNMP, using
TftpIpAddress and TftpFilename.
BootpDhcpEnable
Enable/disable BootP/DHCP for IP address
configuration.
Reset
Remotely execute a software reset of the switch.
66 SNMP Management
ELS100-24TX
Table 5-2. Switch Information Variables
Variable
Description
SwitchIpAddress
IP address of the switch, used for management.
SwitchSubnetMask
Subnet mask corresponding to the
SwitchIPAddress.
ActiveAgingTime
Aging tick period in seconds by which addresses in
the forwarding table are aged out.
SwitchStpStatus
Enable/disable operation of Spanning Tree on the
switch.
SwitchManager
List of SNMP trap manager IP addresses.
SwitchTrapRcvr1
SNMP trap manager IP address #1.
SwitchTrapCommunity1
SNMP community associated with trap manager IP
address #1.
SwitchTrapRcvr2
SNMP trap manager IP address #2.
SwitchTrapCommunity2
SNMP community associated with trap manager IP
address #2.
SwitchTrapRcvr3
SNMP trap manager IP address #3.
SwitchTrapCommunity3
SNMP community associated with trap manager IP
address #3.
SwitchTrapRcvr4
SNMP trap manager IP address #4.
SwitchTrapCommunity4
SNMP community associated with trap manager IP
address #4.
SwitchPortMirroringStatus
Enable/disable port mirroring operation of the
switch.
continued on next page
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SNMP Management 67
Table 5-2 Switch Information Variables (continued)
Variable
Description
SwitchMirroredPort
Port to be mirrored from.
SwitchMirroringPort
Port to be mirroring to.
SwitchXmitMirrorEnable
Enable/disable mirroring of transmitted traffic.
SwitchRcvMirrorEnable
Enable/disable mirroring of received traffic.
SwitchVlanEnable
Enable/disable global VLAN operation of the
switch.
SwitchVlanConfigTable
Table indexed by SwitchVlanId
SwitchVlanId
VLAN number or ID.
SwitchVlanName
Text string for VLAN name.
SwitchVlanPorts
Ports in the VLAN.
SwitchVlanStatus
Variable used to add or delete entries from the
VlanConfigTable.
SwitchVlanEgressPorts
Ports to which traffic destined for this VLAN may
be transmitted.
SwitchVlanStatus
Variable used to add or delete entries from the
VlanConfigTable.
SwitchVlanPortTable
Table indexed by SwitchVlanPortId.
SwitchVlanPortId
Port number or ID.
SwitchVlanPvid
Port VLAN ID (PVID) for this port.
SwitchVlanPortType
The type of VLAN this port is operating as, either
hybrid or access.
SwitchPriorityEnable
Enable/disable global traffic priority in the
switch.
SwitchPriorityThreshold
Priority threshold level (0-7) in the switch which
defines switch traffic to be high or low priority.
SwitchPriorityPortTable
Priority table indexed by SwitchPriorityPortId.
SwitchPriorityPortId
Port number or ID.
SwitchPriorityDefault
Priority level (0-7) assigned to untagged traffic
entering the associated port.
68 SNMP Management
ELS100-24TX
Table 5-3. Port Variables
Variable
Description
PortId
Port number or ID.
PortStatus
Link status of the port.
PortDuplexStatus
Full/half duplex setting of the port. Not configurable
if auto-negotiation is enabled.
PortName
Text name assigned to the port.
PortEnable
Enable/disable status of the port.
PortSpeed
Speed the port is operating at. Not configurable if
auto-negotiation is enabled.
PortAutonegEnable
Enable/disable auto-negotiation on the port.
PortFlowControlEnable
Enable/disable flow control on the port.
Compiling MIB Extensions: Cabletron Website
The MIBs supported by the ELS100-24TX switch must be compiled into
the SNMP network management platform before the switch can be
managed. The supported MIBs are available using Cabletron’s website
at:
http://www.cabletron.com
The four standard MIB specifications listed above with which the
ELS100-24TX switch is compliant are generally available with the SNMP
management platform.
Application modules specific to managing the ELS100-24TX switch under
different network management platforms are available. Contact Cabletron
Systems for information regarding supported platforms.
9032579-03
SNMP Management 69
APPENDIX A. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
General
Standards Compliance
IEEE 802.1D Transparent Bridging Specifications (ISO/IEC 10038)
IEEE 802.1p Traffic Class Expediting and Dynamic Multicast Filtering
IEEE 802.1Q Virtual Bridged Local Area Networks
IEEE 802.2 Local Area Networks, Logical Link Control (LLC)
IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD 9 (ISO/IEC 8802-3)
IEEE 802.3i 10Base-T (ISO/IEC 8802-3, clause 14)
IEEE 802.3u 100Base-TX (ISO/IEC 8802-3, clause 25)
IEEE 802.3x Flow Control
EIA RS-232C (DTE-to-DCE)
EIA RS-310C (19” rackmount)
Certification
Emissions: FCC Part 15, Subparts A and B, Class A; EN55022
(CISPR 22), Class A
Safety: UL 1950, cUL CSA 22.2-950, EN60950 (TUV)
CE Mark: 89/336/EEC; 93/68/EEC; 73/23/EEC
Immunity: IEC 801-2; IEC 801-3; IEC 801-4
Data Rate
10 Mbps Manchester encoded or 100 Mbps 4B/5B encoded
Environmental Specifications
Operating temperature:
32° to 113° F ( 0° C to 45° C)
Operating humidity:
5 to 95% relative, non-condensing
Storage temperature:
-22° to 158°F (-30° C to 70° C)
Storage humidity:
5 to 95% relative, non-condensing
9032579-03
Technical Specifications 71
Electrical Specifications
Input voltage:
100-240 VAC
Input frequency:
50-60 Hz
Maximum power consumption:
75 VA
Physical
Height:
1.75 in. (4.4 cm)
Length:
16.0 in. (40.6 cm)
Width:
17.1 in. (43.4 cm mountable in a
standard 19 in. rack)
Weight:
10.5 lb. (4.8 kg)
Microprocessor
Type:
Intel i960J series, 32 bit
Speed:
33 MHz
Memory
Processor DRAM:
4 MB
Packet Buffer Memory:
4 MB/8 ports
Flash Memory:
2 MB
72 Technical Specifications
ELS100-24TX
Port Specifications
Console Port
Table A-1 shows the console port pin assignments.
Table A-1. RS-232 Console Port Pin Assignments
Pin
Signal Name
1
RTS/CTS
2
TXD
3
RXD
4
DSR
5
Ground
6
DTR
7
DCD
8
DCD
9
Not used
10Base-T and 100Base-TX Ports
The ELS100-24TX switch provides IEEE 802.3u auto-negotiation on its
10Base-T/100Base-TX ports for 10/100 speed and full/half duplex
operation. Table A-2 shows the 10Base-T/100Base-TX pinouts. These
ports are wired MDI-X. All undefined pins are not used.
Table A-2. 10Base-T/100Base-TX Pinouts
9032579-03
Pin
MDI-X Signal Name
1
RD+
2
RD-
3
TD+
6
TD-
Technical Specifications 73
MDI/MDI-X Crossover Cable Wiring
Figure A-1 shows the wiring scheme for implementing a crossover cable
if needed for connection to the switch’s 10Base-T or 100Base-TX ports.
Such a cable may be required when connecting the switch to another
switch or a hub device.
Figure A-1. External Crossover Cable Wiring
74 Technical Specifications
ELS100-24TX
Power Cord Set Requirements
The wide-range input feature of the ELS100-24TX Ethernet switch
permits it to operate from any line voltage between 100 and 120 or 200
and 240 VAC.
The power cord set (appliance coupler, flexible cord, and wall plug) you
received with the switch meets the requirements for use in the country
where you purchased the switch.
Power cord sets for use in other countries must meet the requirements of
the country where you use the switch. For more information on power
cord set requirements, contact your Cabletron Systems Support
Representative.
General Requirements
The requirements listed below are applicable to all countries:
•
The length of the power cord set must be at least 5.00 feet (1.5 m)
and a maximum of 6.56 feet (2.0 m).
•
All power cord sets must be approved by an acceptable accredited
agency responsible for evaluation in the country where the power
cord set will be used.
•
The power cord set must have a minimum current capacity of 10A
and a nominal voltage rating of 125 or 250 VAC, as required by each
country’s power system.
•
The appliance coupler must meet the mechanical configuration of an
EN 60 320/IEC 320 Standard Sheet C13 connector for mating with
appliance inlet on the switch.
Country-Specific Requirements
Table A-3 lists the power cord set requirements by country and identifies
the accredited agency within that country.
9032579-03
Technical Specifications 75
Table A-1. Power Cord Set Requirements by Country
Country
Accredited Agency
See Notes *
Australia
EANSW
1
Austria
OVE
1
Belgium
CEBC
1
Canada
CSA
2
Denmark
DEMKO
1
Finland
FIMKO
1
France
UTE
1
Germany
VDE
1
Italy
IMQ
1
Japan
JIS
3
Netherlands
KEMA
1
Norway
NEMKO
1
Sweden
SEMKO
1
Switzerland
SEV
1
United Kingdom
BSI
1
United States
UL
2
The note column includes a number. Associate this number
with the corresponding notes listed after the table to obtain
specific power standards and requirements.
Note 1
Flexible cord must be <HAR> Type HO5VV-F or HO3VV-F, 3-conductor,
1.0 mm2, or 0.75 mm2 conductor size. Power cord set fittings (appliance
coupler and wall plug) must bear the certification mark of the agency
responsible for evaluation in the country where it will be used.
Note 2
Flexible cord must be Type SV, SJ, SPT or equivalent, No. 18 AWG,
3-conductor. Wall plug must be a two-pole grounding type with a NEMA
5-15P (15A, 125V) or NEMA 6-15P (15A 250V) configuration.
Note 3
Appliance coupler, flexible cord, and wall plug must bear a "T" mark and
registration number in accordance with the Japanese Dentori Law.
Flexible cord must be Type VCT or VCTF, 3-conductor, 0.75mm 2
conductor size. Wall plug must be a two-pole grounding type with a
Japanese Industrial Standard C8303 (15A, 125V) configuration.
76 Technical Specifications
ELS100-24TX
APPENDIX B. SPANNING TREE CONCEPTS
General
The IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol resolves the problems of
physical loops in a network by establishing one primary path between any
two switches in a network. Any duplicate paths are barred from use and
become standby or blocked paths until the original path fails, at which
point they can be brought into service.
Spanning Tree Features
The ELS100-24TX switch meets the requirements of the Spanning Tree
Protocol (STP) by performing the following functions:
•
Creates a single spanning tree from any arrangement of switching or
bridging elements.
The term “switch” is used as an equivalent to
“bridge” in this document.
•
Compensates automatically for the failure, removal, or addition of
any device in an active data path.
•
Achieves port changes in short time intervals, which establishes a
stable active topology quickly with a minimum of network
disturbance.
•
Uses a minimum amount of communications bandwidth to
accomplish the operation of the Spanning Tree Protocol.
•
Reconfigures the active topology in a manner that is transparent to
stations transmitting and receiving data packets.
•
Manages the topology in a consistent and reproducible manner
through the use of Spanning Tree Protocol parameters.
9032579-03
Spanning Tree Concepts 77
Spanning Tree Protocol in a Network
Figure B-1 illustrates the use of three ELS100-24TX switches to establish
an effective Spanning Tree configuration. Switches A, B and C are
connected together in a redundant topology (more than one path between
two points). If the connection between A and B goes down, the link
between A and C becomes active, thereby establishing a path between A
and B through switch C. Additionally, if the connection between B and C
goes down, the link between A and C becomes active, establishing a path
between B and C through switch A.
Figure B-1. Spanning Tree Using ELS100-24TX Switches
Spanning Tree Protocol Parameters
Several configuration parameters control the operation of the Spanning
Tree Protocol. Table B-1 describes the parameters and lists the
ELS100-24TX switch default settings for each parameter.
You can cause serious network performance degradation
if you do not fully understand Spanning Tree concepts.
Be sure to consult personnel experienced with this
process prior to configuring Spanning Tree parameters.
78 Spanning Tree Concepts
ELS100-24TX
Table B-1. Spanning Tree Protocol Defaults
Parameter
Description
Default Value
Bridge
Group
Address
Unique MAC group address, recognized by all bridges
in the network.
Bridge
Identifier
Identifier for each bridge. This parameter consists of
two parts: a 16-bit bridge priority and a 48-bit network
adapter address. Ports are numbered in absolute
numbers starting from 1 regardless of their bridge
attachment. The network adapter address is the same
address as the first port of the bridge.
Port
Identifier
Identifies each port of each bridge, with an incremental default value given for each port.
Port 1 -32768
Port 9 -32776
Port 17 -32784
Port 2 -32769
Port 10 -32777
Port 18 -32785
Port 3 -32770
Port 11 -32778
Port 19 -32786
Port 4 -32771
Port 12 -32779
Port 20 -32787
Port 5 -32772
Port 13 -32780
Port 21 -32788
Port 6 -32773
Port 14 -32781
Port 22 -32789
Port 7 -32774
Port 15 -32782
Port 23 -32790
Port 8 -32775
Port 16 -32783
Port 24 -32791
32768 (bridge
priority)
Port Priority
Indicates the priority of a specific port in relation to
other ports.
128
Cost
Component
of Each Port
The Spanning Tree Protocol calculates and ensures
that an active topology generates minimal cost paths.
A value of 100 is generally used for 10Mbps Ethernet
networks and a value of 10 is generally used for
100Mbps Ethernet networks.
10
For detailed information on the operation of the Spanning Tree Protocol,
consult Section 4 of IEEE Standard 802.1D, ISO/IEC 10038:1993.
Spanning Tree Protocol Operation
When the Spanning Tree Protocol is enabled for the first time or when
there is a change in the network topology, such as a failure or the addition
or removal of a component, the Spanning Tree Protocol automatically
sets up the active topology of the current network.
9032579-03
Spanning Tree Concepts 79
Communicating Between Bridges
Periodically, all devices running the Spanning Tree Protocol on a network
transmit packets to each other “in care of” the Bridge Group Address
which all bridges share. When a bridge receives a frame sent to the
Bridge Group Address, the bridge’s Spanning Tree Protocol processes
the packet. Application software and other LAN segments ignore the
packet. Bridges communicate between each other in order to determine
the Root Bridge.
Selecting a Root Bridge and Designated Bridges
During communication between bridges, one bridge is determined to
have the lowest bridge identifier. This bridge becomes the Root Bridge.
After the Root Bridge has been selected, each LAN segment looks for the
bridge that has the lowest cost relative to the Root Bridge. These bridges
become Designated Bridges.
Selecting Designated Ports
Each Designated Bridge selects a Designated Port. This port is
responsible for forwarding packets to the Root Bridge.
Handling Duplicate Paths
When the active topology of the network is determined, all packets
between any two nodes in the network use only one path. Where a
duplicate path exists, the non-designated port is put into a blocking state.
Remapping Network Topology
If there is a change in the network topology due to a failure or the removal
or addition of any active components, the active topology also changes.
This may trigger a change in the state of some blocked ports.
There are five (5) states that the ports can be in for spanning tree:
•
Blocking: A port in this state does not participate in the transmission
of frames, thus preventing duplication arising through multiple paths
existing in the active topology of the bridged LAN.
•
Listening: A port in this state is preparing to participate in the
transmission of frames. The transmission of frames is temporarily
disabled in order to prevent temporary loops, which may occur in a
bridged LAN during the lifetime of this state as the active topology of
the bridged LAN changes.
•
Learning: A port in this state is preparing to participate in the
transmission of frames.
•
Forwarding: A port in this state is participating in the transmission of
frames.
•
Disabled: A port in this state does not participate in the transmission
of frames or the operation of the spanning tree process.
80 Spanning Tree Concepts
ELS100-24TX
APPENDIX C. FLOW CONTROL
Flow control is a mechanism which allows you to protect the switch from
overload conditions and to keep additional traffic off the network when
excessive congestion will result. Figure C-1 illustrates flow control for
both half and full duplex applications.
Figure C-1. Flow Control for Full and
Half Duplex Applications
Each port of the switch has a transmit queue which buffers frames to be
sent out on that port. In this example, large amounts of data are being
sent from Workstation A (connected to port X) and other ports on the
switch to Workstation B (connected to port Y).The queue on port Y starts
filling up with data until it reaches a determined threshold. The packet
which causes the threshold to be exceeded triggers the Flow Control
function on the port from which the packet entered the switch, in this case
port X.
Since port X is configured with Flow Control set to Enabled, the switch
responds by initiating a pause frame (full duplex applications) or backpressure mechanism (half duplex applications). The pause frame causes
Workstation A to stop sending packets. After a certain amount of time has
elapsed, determined by a value in the pause frame, Workstation A will
resume sending data. Similarly, the back-pressure mechanism forces
Workstation A to stop sending packets by inducing collisions on port X.
9032579-03
Flow Control 81
The pause frame flow control mechanism supported by the ELS100-24TX
switch conforms with the IEEE 802.3x specification for full duplex flow
control.
The ELS100-24TX Port Statistics Screen indicates the number of pause
frames that have been sent, indicating the number of times full duplex flow
control has occurred. For the full duplex pause frame mechanism to work,
the device connected to the switch port must also support IEEE 802.3x
flow control. Flow Control is configurable per port in the Port Configuration
Menu of the console menu or via SNMP.
82 Flow Control
ELS100-24TX
APPENDIX D. VIRTUAL LANS (VLANS)
VLANs and Frame Tagging
The ELS100-24TX supports IEEE 802.1Q-compliant virtual LANs
(VLANs). This capability provides a highly efficient architecture for
establishing VLANs within a network and for controlling broadcast/
multicast traffic between workgroups. Central to this capability is an
explicit frame tagging approach for carrying VLAN information between
interconnected network devices.
With frame tagging, a four byte data tag field is appended to frames that
cross the network. The tag identifies which VLAN the frame belongs to.
The tag may be added to the frame by the end station itself or by a
network device, such as a switch. In addition to VLAN information, the
relative priority of the frame in the network can specified by the tag (see
Appendix E, “Class of Service”).
In the example in Figure D-1 below, the workstations attached to the top
switch are members of the same two VLANs as the workstations attached
to the bottom switch. The 802.1Q tags are used to carry VLAN information
in the frames traveling between the two switches.
Figure D-1. Two Switch VLAN Configuration
9032579-03
Virtual LANs (VLANs) 83
If the ELS100-24TX is so configured, and, if the frame does not already
contain a tag, a VLAN identifier is placed in a tag which is appended to
frames as they are received by the switch. Within the switch and between
switches compliant with IEEE 802.1Q, these identifiers are used to control
the destination of broadcast frames, preventing them from being flooded
to all connected stations and interfaces. When frames are forwarded back
to destination end stations, the tag may or may not be stripped off,
depending on the configuration of the end station and the switch port.
By using 802.1Q tagged VLANs, users from physically dispersed
locations can be formed into groups by assigning them to specific VLANs.
Broadcast and multicast traffic for these specific VLANs can be directed
across the network without being radiated out to stations that are not
members of the same VLANs. Up to 4094 different VLANs can be
specified by the 802.1Q tag, thus permitting the configuration of up to
4094 virtual workgroups. This implementation is nonintrusive to endstation applications and the associated clients.
ELS100-24TX VLAN Configuration
VLAN operation on the ELS100-24TX is disabled by default. When
VLANs are enabled, all frames are transferred internally through the
switch with a VLAN tag. This tag may already be on the frame entering
the switch, or added to the frame by the switch. VLAN information already
existing on frames entering the switch is automatically handled by the
switch. The ELS100-24TX learns VLAN information from tagged frames
and appropriately switches frames out the proper ports based on this
information. The configuration of VLANs for frames entering the switch
without tags must be made by the user of the switch. This configuration
can be made either through the VLAN Menu in the console interface or
via SNMP. The parameters used to configure VLANs on the ELS10024TX are explained below.
VLAN ID
The VLAN ID is used to uniquely identify different VLANs on a network.
The VLAN ID information is contained in the 802.1Q tag header on a
frame, and so identifies the VLAN to which a frame belongs. The ELS10024TX recognizes VLAN IDs in the tags on frames entering the switch, and
can also add tags with an appropriate VLAN ID to untagged frames.
Ports in VLAN
When configuring VLANs on the ELS100-24TX, individual ports are
assigned to specific VLANs by setting the Port VLAN ID (PVID) for each
port. Frames entering the switch which are untagged are automatically
assigned a VLAN ID by the switch based on the PVID of the incoming
port. The Ports in VLAN parameter makes the assignment of ports to
PVIDs. An individual port can only be assigned to a single PVID with this
parameter.
84 Virtual LANs (VLANs)
ELS100-24TX
VLAN Egress Ports
The VLAN Egress Ports parameter is used to assign ports to a VLAN for
carrying VLAN tagged frames across a network. The assignment of
egress ports does not affect the assignment of VLAN IDs to frames
entering the switch. However, frames exiting the switch may be sent out
the egress ports configured for a specific VLAN ID. Frames exiting the
switch via egress ports for a given VLAN are normally tagged.
VLAN Access Ports
Individual ELS100-24TX ports can be configured as one of two types for
the purpose of VLAN configuration: Access or Hybrid. A VLAN Access
port is used to connect one or more VLAN-unaware devices to the switch.
VLAN tagged frames are not allowed to enter or exit an Access port. If a
tagged frame enters the switch on an Access port, the switch will drop the
frame. End-user stations which do not support 802.1Q tags should be
attached to ports on the switch configured as Access ports.
In Example 1 in Figure D-2, both ports are designated as Access ports.
The ports are both configured to be on VLAN X. An untagged frame (1)
comes in through the left port and gets tagged with a VLAN X tag (2),
based on the incoming port PVID. As the frame exits through the right
port, the tag is stripped (3) since the outgoing port is an Access port as
well and can only transmit untagged frames. The frame can propagate
through the switch in this example only because both ports are on the
same VLAN.
In Example 2 in Figure D-2, both ports are also Access ports, however the
port on the left is on VLAN X while the port on the right on VLAN Y. The
untagged frame (1) comes in through the left port and again gets tagged
with a VLAN X tag (2). However, because the outgoing port is on a
different VLAN (VLAN Y), the frame is dropped. In general, frames cannot
propagate between ports unless both ports belong to the same VLAN.
Figure D-2. VLAN Access Ports
9032579-03
Virtual LANs (VLANs) 85
VLAN Hybrid Ports
A VLAN Hybrid port is used to connect one or more VLAN-aware or
VLAN-unaware devices to the switch. Both tagged and untagged frames
can be received and transmitted on Hybrid ports. Egress ports should
typically be configured as Hybrid ports.
When a frame with an unlearned source MAC address enters a Hybrid
port, the learning of that address and its associated VLAN is dependent
on whether the frame is tagged or not. If the frame is untagged, its source
MAC address is learned as a non-tagging station, with a VLAN ID equal
to the input port PVID. All frames subsequently sent to that MAC address
from this Hybrid port will be untagged. If the frame is tagged, its source
MAC address is learned as a tagging station, with a VLAN ID equal to the
value of the VLAN ID in the tag. All frames subsequently sent to that MAC
address from this Hybrid port will be tagged with that same VLAN ID.
In Example 1 in Figure D-3A, two ports are configured with two different
PVIDs, X and Y. A frame arrives (1) with a tag for VLAN Z. If the
destination MAC address of that frame has already been learned on the
destination port as a tagged station with the same VLAN ID of Z, the frame
is sent out that port (3) with the VLAN Z tag still appended to it. If the
address has not been learned with the VLAN ID of Z on the destination
port, the frame is dropped.
In Example 2 in Figure D-3A, a similar scenario to Example 1 occurs,
except that the incoming frame (1) is tagged with a VLAN Y tag. The frame
is being sent (2) to a port that belongs to VLAN Y. In this case, the
decision to append a VLAN Y tag or not to the outgoing frame depends
on whether the destination MAC address has been learned as a tagged
or as an untagged station. In this example, it was learned as an untagged
station, so the frame is sent out without a tag (3).
Z
Y
Identifiers
2
2
X, Y, Z = VLAN
H = Hybrid
Port
H
X
H
H
Y
Z
X
H
Y
Y
3
1
3
1
Z
Example 1
Example 2
Z
Figure D-3A. VLAN Hybrid Ports (Examples 1 and 2)
86 Virtual LANs (VLANs)
ELS100-24TX
In Example 3 in Figure D-3B, an untagged frame arrives at the left port
(1). The switch tags the frame with the PVID for VLAN X (2). Since the
destination MAC address has already been learned as a tagged station
on VLAN X on the outgoing port, the frame is sent out with a VLAN X tag.
Example 4 in Figure D-3B is similar to Example 3 except that both ports
(incoming and outgoing) have a VLAN X PVID. The untagged frame
arrives at the incoming port (1) and gets tagged with a VLAN X tag (2).
The tag may or may not be stripped off as the frame exits the switch,
depending on how the MAC address of the destination device was
learned (3). In this example, the destination was learned as an untagged
station so the tag is stripped. This Hybrid port example is thus essentially
the same as the Access port case in Figure D-2, Example 1.
When sending broadcast or unknown DA unicast frames
out a Hybrid port, the frames are always tagged. The
VLAN ID of the tag is identical to the VLAN ID that was assigned to the frame when it entered the switch on the
source port.
Figure D-3B. VLAN Hybrid Ports (Examples 3 and 4)
9032579-03
Virtual LANs (VLANs) 87
VLAN Application Example
A network administrator can use VLANs to define user groups regardless
of the physical LAN segment to which they are connected. The use of
Hybrid and Access links can further refine traffic flow in a multi-switch
environment. Figure D-4 shows the combination of both Hybrid and
Access links used in a network with three different VLANs. Workstations
are typically connected to the ELS100-24TX via Access links. On the
internal corporate network (backbone), VLAN tags are used to identify the
VLAN association of frames.
It is possible to mix VLAN-aware and VLAN-unaware devices on the same Hybrid switch port. However, this is not
recommended design practice.
Figure D-4. VLAN Application Example
88 Virtual LANs (VLANs)
ELS100-24TX
APPENDIX E. CLASS OF SERVICE
Class of Service support on the ELS100-24TX allows you to assign
mission-critical data a higher priority through the switch by delaying less
critical traffic during periods of congestion. Higher priority traffic through
the switch is serviced first before lower priority traffic. The Class of
Service capability of the ELS100-24TX switch is implemented by a priority
queuing mechanism. Class of Service is based on the IEEE 802.1p draft
standard specification and allows you to define two priorities of traffic on
each switch port:
•
high
•
normal
As traffic enters the switch, it is assigned to one of the two priority levels
according to information located in the 802.1Q header tag of the frame
(see Appendix D, “Virtual LANs”) or according to the incoming port
number. Frames are then placed into one of two transmit queues on the
outbound switch port based on their priority level. Frames on the high
priority queue are transmitted first; when that queue empties, traffic on the
normal priority queue is transmitted. When priority queuing is being used,
each frame that passes through the switch contains a priority level in its
header tag. The priority information may already exist in incoming frames,
or be assigned by the switch. The determination of individual frame
priority is based on the following rules:
1.
Incoming tagged frames contain a priority level (range: 0-7)
2.
Incoming non-tagged frames are assigned a preconfigured default
priority level based on their incoming port (range: 0-7). The
assignment of priority per port is done via management using the
Port Priority Default parameter.
3.
Priority levels of frames are compared against a reconfigured global
priority threshold setting, configured via management using the
Priority Threshold parameter. Those frames with levels equal to or
above the threshold are designated high priority traffic; those frames
with levels below the threshold are designated normal priority traffic.
The default setting for the threshold parameter is: 4 and above = High
Priority, 3 and below = Normal Priority.
Properly configured, the Class of Service mechanism assures that during
congestion, the highest priority data does not get delayed by normal
priority traffic. The tagged header in the frame governs individual frame
priority.
9032579-03
Class Of Service 89
Figure E-1 shows priority queuing operating within a switch. Frames
entering the switch through ports 1 and 4 are tagged as normal traffic and
placed in a normal priority queue on the outbound port. Frames entering
through ports 2 and 5 are tagged as high priority traffic and placed in a
high priority queue on the outbound port. Priority queuing can be
configured using the Class of Service Configuration Menu in the console
interface or via SNMP.
Figure E-1. Class of Service Example
90 Class Of Service
ELS100-24TX
APPENDIX F. ACRONYMS & ABBREVIATIONS
9032579-03
Term
Definition
10Base-T
10 Mbps twisted-pair Ethernet
100Base-TX
100Mbps twisted-pair Ethernet
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ASIC
Application Specific Integrated Circuit
BootP
Bootstrap Protocol
BPDU
Bridge Protocol Data Unit
CAT5
Category 5
CoS
Class of Service
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check
CSMA/CD
Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision
Detection
DCE
Data Communications Equipment
(modem)
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DSR
Data Send Ready
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers
IP
Internet Protocol
LAN
Local Area Network
MAC
Media Access Control
LED
Light Emitting Diode
MDI
Media Device Interface
MIB
Management Information Base
PVID
Port VLAN ID
RFC
Request for Comment
RMON
Remote Monitoring
Acronyms & Abbreviations 91
Term
Definition
RXD
Receive Data
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
STP
Spanning Tree Protocol
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
TXD
Transmit Data
UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair
VLAN
Virtual Local Area Network
WAN
Wide Area Network
92 Acronyms & Abbreviations
ELS100-24TX
INDEX
10Base-T/100Base-TX pinouts, 73
10Base-TX/100Base-TX ports, 20
802.1D
Spanning Tree Protocol, 56, 77
802.1D Bridge, 6
802.1p, 89
802.1Q, 84
802.3x, 82
A
architecture, 2
auto-negotiation, 8, 41, 42
configuring, 59
D
Data Rate, 71
Default Gateway, 26
setting, 61
designated bridges, 80
Download Software Menu, 25, 48
downloading a software upgrade, 7, 55,
56
downloading via TFTP, 56
downloading via the serial port, 55
DTE connection, 17
dynamic MAC addresses, 59
E
B
base MAC address, 47
BootP/DHCP, 9
configuring, 61
bridge, 79, 80
communicating between bridges,
80
priority, 32
broadcast throttling, 9
configuring, 60
C
cable
RS-232, 17
Certification, 71
Class of Service, 10, 89, 90
802.1p, 89
configuring, 58
Class of Service Configuration Menu, 39
client/server network application, 11
communication settings, 17
community names, 27, 53
configuring the switch
common tasks, 51
connecting network cables, 20
console port, 3, 17, 73
connecting to, 17
defined, 3
pin assignments, 73
cost component of each port, 79
crossover cable, 20
cut-through, 6
9032579-03
Electrical Specifications, 72
Environmental Specifications, 71
F
factory defaults, 23
fan outlets, 5
features, 1
flow control, 10, 81, 82
802.3x, 82
forward delay, 32
Forwarding Table, 6, 29
configuring, 59
Forwarding Table Configuration Menu,
29
frame tagging, 10, 83
front panel, 3
front panel components, 3
full duplex mode, 9
G
General Information Screen, 25, 47
H
Hello Time, 32
I
inspecting your shipment, 13
IP address
assigning, 52
Index 93
L
LED mode button, 3, 4, 5
defined, 3
LEDs, 4, 5, 9
local backbone application, 12
login, 22
logout, 25, 49
M
MAC addresses, 59
Main Menu, 21, 25
max age, 32
MDI/MDI-X crossover cable wiring, 74, 75
MDI-X, 20
Memory, 72
menu hierarchy, 24
MIB, 63, 64, 65, 66, 69
MIB-II, 64
Microprocessor, 72
mirrored port, 28
mirroring port, 28
modes of access
read-only and read/write, 22
mounting ears, 15, 16
Mounting the Switch, 14, 15, 16
rack, 16
table or shelf, 14
wall, 15
N
network configuration status, 53
non-volatile parameter storage, 7
P
password protection, 7, 22, 52
path cost, 33, 34
performance, 2
Physical Specifications, 72
Port Configuration Menu, 42
port LEDs, 4
defined, 5
Port Menu, 25, 41
port mirroring, 8
configuring, 54
port operation
configuring, 58
port priority, 33
menu, 40
port specifications, 73
port statistics screen, 45
94 Index
power connector, 5
power cord, 18
power cord set requirements, 75
power LED, 3
defined, 3
power source, 13
power switch, 5
powering the switch, 18
power-up count, 47
power-up tests, 18, 19
Priority Default, 40, 58, 89
Priority Threshold, 39, 58, 89
R
rear panel, 5
remapping network topology, 80
Reset, 25, 50
resetting the switch, 50
Return to Default Configuration, 25, 49
RJ-45 connectors, 20
RMON, 8, 65
Root Bridge, 80
router, 26, 63
S
Save Current Configuration, 25, 49
screen timeout, 52
serial number, 47
site requirements, 13
SNMP, 7, 27, 53, 63, 64, 69
setting access, 53
SNMP Configuration Menu, 27
software download
see downloading a software upgrade, 7
software version, 47
Spanning Tree, 6, 7, 78, 79
Spanning Tree Configuration Menu, 31
Spanning Tree Parameters
configuring, 56
Spanning Tree Port #n Configuration
Menu, 34
Spanning Tree Port Configuration Menu,
33
Spanning Tree Protocol
defaults, 79
Standards Compliance
IEEE, 71
store-and-forward, 6, 79, 92
subnet mask, 52
Switch Configuration Menu, 25, 28
switch statistics, 54
Switch Statistics Screen, 25, 43
ELS100-24TX
Switch Summary Screen, 44
System Configuration Menu, 25, 26
T
Telnet, 21
connecting, 53
terminal, 7, 17, 91
Test LED, 19
defined, 3
TFTP download, 56
TFTP file name, 48
U
Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP), 20
Up Time, 47
User Access, 22
9032579-03
V
ventilation, 13
VLAN #n Configuration Menu, 37
VLAN Access ports, 38, 85
VLAN application example, 88
VLAN Configuration Menu, 35
VLAN Egress ports, 36, 37, 85
VLAN Hybrid ports, 38, 86, 87
VLAN Menu, 36
VLAN Port Menu, 38
VLANs, 10
802.1Q, 84
configuring, 57
VT100, 7
W
workgroup hubs, 12
Index 95
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