Spokane River QAPP Addendum_signed_08/17/15

Spokane River QAPP Addendum_signed_08/17/15
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Quality Assurance Project Plan Addendum 1
Spokane River Toxics Reduction Strategy Study
Prepared for: Spokane River Regional Toxics Task Force FINAL Date: August 11, 2015 Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 Blankpage
August 11, 2015 Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1
_______________________________________________ August 11, 2015
Date:__________________________ Date:_____________________________
Date:_____________________________
Aug. 14th, 2015
Date:_____________________________
DaleHoover,LaboratoryQAManager
AXYSAnalyticalServices
________________________________________________
JohnKern,LaboratoryTechnicalDirector
SVLAnalytical,Inc.
________________________________________________
MichaelDesmarais,LaboratoryQCManager
SVLAnalytical,Inc.
_______________________________________________ ShawnHinz,ProjectManagerGravity
Environmental
3
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract
...........................................................................................................................................................1
Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................................1
ProjectOrganization.............................................................................................................................................................................2
Budget
................................................................................................................................................................................................5
Background ...........................................................................................................................................................5
ConfidenceIntervalTesting...............................................................................................................................................................5
2014SynopticSurvey...........................................................................................................................................................................6
2105DryWeatherSurvey..................................................................................................................................6
Parameters................................................................................................................................................................................................7
Schedule ................................................................................................................................................................................................7
QualityObjectivesandCriteria........................................................................................................................9
SamplingProcedures........................................................................................................................................11
SamplingInitiation..............................................................................................................................................................................11
SampleCollection.................................................................................................................................................................................12
FlowMeasurements............................................................................................................................................................................12
SampleHandlingandCustody.......................................................................................................................12
AnalyticalMethods............................................................................................................................................13
QualityControl....................................................................................................................................................13
FieldSamplingQualityControl......................................................................................................................................................13
FieldMeasurementsQualityControl...........................................................................................................................................14
LaboratoryAnalysisQualityControl...........................................................................................................................................14
CorrectiveAction................................................................................................................................................15
FieldMeasurementsandSampleCollection.............................................................................................................................15
LaboratoryAnalyses...........................................................................................................................................................................15
DataManagement...............................................................................................................................................16
References ........................................................................................................................................................16
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 LIST OF FIGURES Figure1.ProjectTeamOrganization..............................................................................................................................5
Figure2.SpokaneRiverMonitoringLocationsMap.................................................................................................8
LIST OF TABLES Table1.ProjectTeamResponsibilities..........................................................................................................................3
Table2.SpokaneRiverMonitoringLocations.............................................................................................................9
Table3.SpokaneRiverMonitoringParameters.........................................................................................................9
Table4.PCBDataQualityIndicators.............................................................................................................................10
Table5.DataQualityIndicators–DOC,TOC,TSS,TDS.........................................................................................10
Table6.DryWeatherSampling–PCBSampleCount............................................................................................11
Table7.SpecificationLimitsofFieldMeasurementInstruments.....................................................................11
Table8.SpokaneWeatherStationLocations.............................................................................................................12
Table9.Guidelinesforsamplecontainerpreparationandpreservation......................................................13
Table10.Parameters,DetectionLimits,ExpectedConcentrationsandAnalyticalMethods................13
ii
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Abstract ThisAddendumtotheQualityAssuranceProjectPlan(QAPP)correspondstoacontinuationin2015ofthe
workdescribedintheoriginalQAPPfor2014.Theobjectiveof2015DryWeatherSurveyistocollectthe
necessarydatatorepeatthesemi‐quantitativemassbalanceassessmentconductedusingthe2014Synoptic
Surveydata,focusingonthesectionofriverbetweenBarkerRoadandtheSpokaneUSGSGage.The2014
QAPPandSamplingandAnalysisPlan(SAP)(approvedbyEcologyandSRRTTF)arestillapplicable.The
revisionscontainedinthisAddendumconsistof:

Refiningin‐streamsamplinglocationsinanarrowerspatialareatofocusontheareaimmediately
upstreamanddownstreamofpotentialgroundwatercontributionsidentifiedin2014. 
Narrowingthetemporalscopeofsamplingtoashorterdurationbuthigherfrequencythan2014,
consistentwiththenarrowerspatialscope.

Revisingthedefinitionofawetweathereventtoconsidermultipleprecipitationgages,insteadofthe
singleprecipitationgageusedduring2014.

Inclusionofmanualstreamflowmonitoring(andStandardOperatingProceduresforthis
monitoring)atsamplingstationswithoutflowgagingstations.
Introduction TheSpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce(SRRTTF)isdevelopingacomprehensiveplantoreducetoxic
pollutantsintheSpokaneRiver,specificallypolychlorinatedbiphenyls(PCBs).Thecomprehensiveplanwill
bedesignedtoidentifyspecificmanagementactionsthatcanbeundertakentocontrolpollutantloadssuch
thatwaterqualityobjectivescanultimatelybeattained.Comprehensiveplansofthistyperequiredata
capableofdescribingindividualsourcesandsite‐specificprocessesthatdriveresultingconcentrations.
LimnoTech(2014a)describedtheoveralldatacollectionstrategyforafirstyearofmonitoring,basedonthe
workconductedtoidentifykeygapsintheexistingdatasetandissuesaddressedataDecember2013
monitoringworkshop.
ASynopticSurveywasconductedin2014toidentifypotentiallysignificantdryweathersourcesofPCBsto
theSpokaneRiverbetweenLakeCoeurd’AleneandNineMileDam.Theresultsofthisstudyshowedthe
stronglikelihoodofagroundwaterPCBsourcebetweenBarkerRoadandtheTrentAvenueBridge,andthe
potentialofanadditionalgroundwaterPCBsourcebetweentheTrentAvenueBridgeandtheSpokaneUSGS
gage(LimnoTech,2015).TheSRRTTFTechnicalTrackWorkGrouprecommended,andtheTaskForceasa
wholeapproved(SRRTTF,2015a,2015b),conductinga2015SynopticSurveytoconfirmthefindingsofthe
2014SynopticSurveyoveranarrowerspatialscope.
ThisQAPPaddendumhasbeenpreparedtoprovidetherevisedsamplingplanandtodocumentthe
proceduralandanalyticalrequirementsforthe2015DryWeatherSurveytotakeplaceinAugust2015.The
QAPPaddendumalsoaddresslogisticalproblemsencounteredduringthe2014SynopticSurvey,suchas
accuratestreamflowmeasurementsandpossibleimpactsfromprecipitationevents.TheQuality
Assurance/QualityControlproceduresoutlinedinthe2014QAPPwillbefollowedforthissamplingwork
(LimnoTech,2014b).
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Project Organization Eachoftheorganizationsincludedintheprojectteamhasestablishedanorganizationalstructurefor
providingtechnicaldirectionandadministrativecontroltoaccomplishquality‐relatedactivitiesforthe
developmentoftheproject.
KeyprojectpersonnelandtheircorrespondingresponsibilitiesarelistedinTable1belowandshownin
Figure1.
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Table 1. Project Team Responsibilities Name/Affiliation Project Title/Responsibility SRRTTF Oversight and direction Secure funding for project activities Review and utilize project results Facilitate communications and provide public access to information Develop recommendations for controlling and reducing sources Develop comprehensive plan SRRTTF ACE President Manage contracts: review and approve project specifications Ensure project is completed in timely manner Receive deliverables and reports Manage data on behalf of SRRTTF Communicate with SRRTTF Communicate quality assurance issues with SRRTTF Ensure access to project information on the SRRTTF website Facilitate upload of data to EIM Project Manager General oversight Review/approval of all work products prior to delivery to SRRTTF‐ACE Ensures that work is done in accordance with QAPP and SAP Reviews project with Laboratory Operations Directors prior to sampling Provides oversight of field activities (variances, documentation, QA/QC) Arranges for system audits Advisor Reviews/approves QAPP Bud Leber – SRRTTF‐ACE David Dilks ‐ LimnoTech Jim Bellatty, Adriane Borgias – Department of Ecology Robert Steed – Idaho DEQ Cathy Whiting ‐ LimnoTech Carrie Turner ‐ LimnoTech LimnoTech Shea Hewage – AXYS Analytical Services Richard Grace – AXYS Sean Campbell – AXYS Analytical Services Advisor Reviews/approves QAPP Field Manager: Synoptic Survey and Quarterly sampling events Direct all field activities, ensure samples handled in accordance with SAP Data screening, evaluation, validation, and usability determination Manage field variances, nonconformance, and corrective actions Manage reports, documentation, Project QA/QC file, and electronic data Communicates project specifics with Project Manager Conducts training of field sampling crew Project Quality Assurance Officer Performs systematic evaluation of data quality Receives notices, initiates investigation, and documents nonconformance with DQOs Manage the Project QA/QC file Independent Auditor Perform a critical, written evaluation of the work product Conducts audits at the direction of the Project Manager Laboratory Operations Director Sample analysis Serves as main point of contact for laboratory Manages laboratory Quality Assurance systems Final review and validation of data and field systems Initiates corrective actions for nonconformance Communicates with Project Manager and SRRTTF‐ACE Laboratory Project Director Oversight of all laboratory commercial and technical project specifications Laboratory Project Manager Serves as main point of contact for laboratory Assists Laboratory Operations Director with management of laboratory QA systems 3
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 Name/Affiliation Dale Hoover‐AXYS Analytical Services John Kern – SVL Analytical, Inc. Michael Desmarais– SVL Analytical, Inc. Christine Meyer – SVL Analytical, Inc. Shawn Hinz – Gravity Environmental August 11, 2015 Project Title/Responsibility Communicates with Project Manager Laboratory QA/QC Managers Manages Laboratory QA/QC activities Reviews and verifies field records, laboratory records and laboratory data Addresses nonconformance and carries out corrective actions at the laboratory. Technical Director Sample analysis Serves as main point of contact for laboratory Manages laboratory Quality Assurance systems Final review and validation of data and field systems Initiates corrective actions for nonconformance Communicates with Project Managers and SRRTTF‐ACE Laboratory QA/QC Manager Manages Laboratory QA/QC activities Reviews and verifies field records, laboratory records and laboratory data Addresses non‐conformances and carries out corrective actions at the laboratory. Laboratory Project Manager Serves as main point of contact for laboratory Assists Laboratory Operations Director with management of laboratory QA systems Conducts Sample Collection Collects samples in accordance with QAPP and SAP Prepares and follows the Invasive Species Plan Prepares and administers Health and Safety Plan for employees Maintains equipment logs, field records and data sheets Transfers field data to Field Manager Manages field equipment, conducts calibrations Addresses nonconformance findings and responds to corrective actions Thelinesofreportingfortheorganizationsintheprojectareshownintheorganizationchart(Figure1).Each
teammemberhasresponsibilityforperformanceofassignedqualitycontroldutiesinthecourseof
accomplishingidentifiedactivities.Thequalitycontroldutiesinclude:
•
Completingtheassignedtaskonorbeforescheduleandinaqualitymannerinaccordancewith
establishedprocedures;and
•
AscertainingthattheworkperformedistechnicallycorrectandmeetsallaspectsoftheQAPP.
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Figure 1. Project Team Organization Budget Thetotalbudgetforthisprojectis$95,000.ThisincludesPCBanalysisbyAXYSAnalyticalServices,
conventionalparameteranalysesbySVLAnalytical,fieldsamplingbyGravityEnvironmental,andoversight
anddataanalysisbyLimnoTech.
Background TheSpokaneRiverwatershedhasexistingPCBmonitoringdata,whichprovideanestimateoftheamountof
PCBsenteringtheSpokaneRiverfromcontributingsourceareacategories(e.g.stormwater,WWTPs).Based
ontheSpokaneRiverPCBSourceAssessment2004‐2007(Serdaretal,2011),only43%ofthePCBsource
loadingtotheriverbetweenStateline(RM96.1)andLongLakeDam(RM33.9)couldbeidentified.Thisis
dueinparttotheuncertaintyoftheanalysesandthehighvariabilityinthedata.Theexistingdataindicate
thatsourcesofPCBsareverydiffusethroughoutthewatershed,suchthatmoredatawillbeneededto
supportdevelopmentofamanagementplanwithtargetedcontrolactions(LimnoTech,2013).Twostudies
wereconductedin2014,theConfidenceIntervalTestingandtheSynopticSurvey.
Confidence Interval Testing ConfidenceIntervalTestingwasperformedinMay2014toprovideinformationforthe2014sampling
program.TheConfidenceIntervalTestingwasperformedbyEcologyasaninitialtasktoconfirmthe
appropriatesamplevolumesandfrequencies.Thisinitialsamplingeffortwasdesignedtogenerate
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 informationbothonthetemporalvariabilityofPCBconcentrations,aswellasestimatesofmeasurement
uncertaintyforthelowPCBconcentrationsoccurringintheSpokaneRiver.
FivesamplingeventswereconductedinMay2014ontheSpokaneRiverattheStateParkParcelatRiverMile
87,locatedbetweenMirabeauandSullivanParks(referredtoastheMirabeauParksite)andthreesampling
eventsattheLakeCoeurd’Aleneoutlet.Sampleswerecollectedforbothdiscreteandcompositeanalysesat
MirabeauPark,whilediscretesampleswerecollectedattheLakeCoeurd’Aleneoutlet.
TheresultsshowedthatPCBconcentrationswereverylowatbothstations,withlabblank‐corrected
concentrationsrangingfrom7.7to54pg/lattheLakeCoeurd'AleneOutletand6.2to80pg/latMirabeau
Park.Concentrationsobservedintripblanksandlaboratoryblankswereatsimilarlevelstothoseobserved
infieldsamples,makingitdifficulttodistinguishanenvironmentalsignalfromthenoiseinlaboratory
measurement.Basedontheseresults,itwasdeterminedthatthePCBconcentrationswerepredictedtobe
significantlyhigherduringtheAugust2014SynopticSurveythantheywereduringtheMaysampling,dueto
muchlowerriverflowsandconsequentlylowerdilutionofweather‐independentexternalPCBsources.
Therefore,thedatawouldbesufficienttosupportasemi‐quantitativemassbalanceassessmentandbeable
toidentifystreamreacheswhereincrementalloadsleadtoasignificantincreaseinriverconcentrations.
2014 Synoptic Survey The2014SynopticSurveyconsistedofdryweathersamplinginAugust2014,atmultiplelocationsinthe
SpokaneRiverupstreamofLakeSpokane.Thesestationsconsistedofriverlocationswithgagingstations,
NPDESpermittedsourcesandtheLatah(Hangman)Creekmouth.Multipleriversamplingeventswere
conducted(withsomecompositingtoreduceanalyticalcosts)overatwoweeksamplingperiodtoreducethe
uncertaintyinloadingestimatescausedbydaytodayvariabilityinconcentrations.
TheresultsshowedthattotalPCBconcentrationsaremostlybelow50pg/lfromtheLakeCoeurd’Alene
outlettotheBarkerRoadBridge.Concentrationsaregenerallybetween100and200pg/lfromtheTrent
AvenueBridgedownstreamtoNineMileDam.Approximatelyonequarterofallsamplesexceedthe
Washingtonwaterqualitystandardof170pg/l,whileallofthesamplesexceedthedownstreamSpokane
TribeofIndians’waterqualitystandardof1.3pg/l.
2105 Dry Weather Survey Theobjectiveof2015DryWeatherSurveyistocollectthenecessarydatatorepeatthesemi‐quantitative
massbalanceassessmentconductedusingthe2014SynopticSurveydata,focusingonthesectionofriver
betweenBarkerRoadandtheSpokaneUSGSGage.The2015samplinglocationsarebasedontheresultsof
2014SynopticSurvey,whichshowedthestronglikelihoodofagroundwaterPCBsourcebetweenBarker
RoadandtheTrentAvenueBridge,andthepotentialofanadditionalgroundwaterPCBsourcebetweenthe
TrentAvenueBridgeandtheSpokaneUSGSgage(LimnoTech,2015).Thein‐streamsamplinglocationshave
beenplacedinanarrowerspatialareatofurtheridentifypotentialgroundwatercontributions.
Measurementofriverflowinconjunctionwithwaterqualitywillallowconcentrationmeasurementstobe
convertedtomassloads.Flowmeasurementswillbemadeatthelocationsthatdonothaveaflowgaging
station.TheDryWeatherSurveysamplelocationsaresummarizedinTable2.Riverlocationsareidentified
asin‐streamsamplesandNPDESpermittedsourcesareidentifiedasdischargesamples.Thepointof
dischargeisdeterminedtobethelocationidentifiedinthedischargersNPDESpermitorasdeterminedinthe
fieldbythesamplingteamandapprovedbytheprojectmanager.ThesamplelocationsareshowninFigure
2.
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Samplingwillbeconductedduringthesummerlowflowperiod(August)tominimizepotentialconfounding
effectsofwetweathersources.
Parameters ThestudyparametersincludePCBcongeners,totalsuspendedsolids(TSS),totaldissolvedsolids(TDS),total
organiccarbon(TOC)anddissolvedorganiccarbon(DOC).TSS,TOCandDOCwillbeusedtoprovide
informationonthedistributionofPCBsamongvariousforms(i.e.purelydissolved,adsorbedtosolids,sorbed
toDOC),whichwillbeneededifafateandtransportmodelisdeveloped.TDScanbeusedasatracerto
provideinformationongroundwatercontributiontotheriver.Theparametersincludedinthe2105Dry
WeatherSurveyarelistedinTable3.
Schedule Keymilestonesassociatedwiththeprojectaredescribedbelowalongwiththeirtargetedcompletiondates:
SRRTTFTechnicalTrackWorkGroupReview
August5,2015
Conductsamplingevent August17,2015
DraftReport
December1,2015
FinalReport
February28,2016
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Figure 2. Spokane River Monitoring Locations Map 8
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Table 2. Spokane River Monitoring Locations Site SR‐3 SR‐4 SR‐5 SR‐6 SR‐7 SR‐8 SR‐8a SR‐9 Location Spokane River at Spokane Spokane River at Greene Street Bridge
Spokane County Regional Water Reclamation Facility
Inland Empire Paper Spokane River at Below Trent Bridge
Kaiser Aluminum Mirabeau Park Spokane River at Barker Road Bridge
Type of Sample In‐stream
In‐stream
Discharge
Discharge
In‐stream
Discharge
In‐Stream
In‐stream
USGS Gage X X Manual Flow Measurement
X
X
X
Table 3. Spokane River Monitoring Parameters Parameter Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB)– 209 Congeners
Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Temperature Conductivity pH Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Turbidity Type of Parameter Laboratory analytical
Laboratory analytical
Laboratory analytical
Laboratory analytical
Laboratory analytical
In‐situ measurement
In‐situ measurement
In‐situ measurement
In‐situ measurement
In‐situ measurement
Quality Objectives and Criteria Thedataqualityobjectivesareintendedtoclarifythestudy’stechnicalandqualityobjectives,definethe
appropriatetypeofdata,andspecifytolerablelevelsofpotentialdecisionerrorsthatwillbeusedasthebasis
forestablishingthequalityandquantityofthedataneededtosupportdecisions.Thedataqualityobjectives
forthisstudyhavebeendevelopedinordertoensurethatthedatacollectedareofacceptablequalityand
supporttheobjectivesoftheproject.ThedataqualityobjectivesaredescribedinSection1.4ofthe2014
QAPP(LimnoTech,2014b).
The2015datawillbeevaluatedrelativetothedataqualityobjectivesoutlinedinthe2014QAPP(LimnoTech,
2014b).DataqualitywillbeinterpretedusingtheDataQualityIndicators(DQIs)whicharethequantitative
statisticsandqualitativedescriptorsusedtointerpretthedegreeofacceptabilityofthedatatotheuser.The
DQIsincludebiasandprecision,representativeness,completeness,comparability,andtherequireddetection
limits(sensitivity)fortheanalyticalmethods.
TheDataQualityIndicatorsandthemeasurementperformancecriteriaforeachareprovidedinTables4and
5.ThenumberofsamplescollectedperlocationisincludedinTable6.Thespecificationsforfield
instrumentsareincludedinTable7.
Itshouldbenotedthatthereisnostandardblankcorrectionmethod,andnumerousapproachesareutilized,
bothnationallyandwithintheSpokaneRiverBasin.Theselectionofthemostappropriateblankcorrection
9
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 methodologymustconsiderfactorssuchas:studyobjectives,samplematrix,samplingmethodology,expected
rangeofresults,andtoleranceforbiasedresults.
Table 4. PCB Data Quality Indicators Analytical
Method
PCB
Congeners
EPA
1668C
/AXYS
Method
MLA-010
Rev 11
BIAS
BIAS
BIAS
PRECISION
SENSITIVITY
COMPLETENESS
Daily
Calibration
Verification
Lab
Control
Sample
Recovery*
% recovery
limits
%
recovery
limits
Sample
and
Method
Blank
Surrogate
Recovery
%
recovery
limits
Method Blank
Duplicate
Sample
Detection
Limit (Level at
which nondetects are
reported)
Completeness
Criteria
Concentration
(pg/L)
RPD (valid
for
congeners >
10x EDL)
50%
Concentration
(pg/L)
%
50-145%
50-150%
25-150%*
Maximum = 127
pg/L (total)
Laboratory will
B-qualify
congeners
results < 3x the
concentration in
an associated
blank
1-20
95
*PerAXYSMethodMLA‐010Revision11forOPR,internalstandardsandlabeledcompounds.
Table 5. Data Quality Indicators – DOC, TOC, TSS, TDS DQI Parameter Analytical Method DOC TOC TSS TDS EPA 415.3 EPA 415.1 EPA 160.2 EPA 160.1 BIAS BIAS Lab Matrix Control Spikes Sample % % recovery recovery limits limits 80‐
80‐
120% 120% 80‐
80‐
120% 120% 80‐
‐‐ 120% 80‐
‐‐ 120% BIAS PRECISION PRECISION Matrix Spike Replicate SENSITIVITY Detection Limit COMPLETENESS Lab Blanks Replicate Samples Completeness Criteria RPD RPD % < ½ EQL 30% 20% 1 mg/L 95 < ½ EQL 30% 20% 1 mg/L 95 < ½ EQL 30% ‐‐ 1 mg/L 95 < ½ EQL 30% ‐‐ 1 mg/L 95 10
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Table 6. Dry Weather Sampling – PCB Sample Count Number of Samples Duplicates Composite Samples Barker Road Mirabeau Park 5 5 1 1 1 1 Trent Bridge Green Street Gage Spokane Gage Kaiser Aluminum Inland Empire Paper Spokane County WRF 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Sampling Location Table 7. Specification Limits of Field Measurement Instruments Parameter Instrument Range
Accuracy
Resolution Temperature Hydrolab ‐5 to 50°C
±0.10°C
0.01°C YSI ‐5 to 45°C
±0.15°C
0.01°C Hydrolab 0 to 14 units
±0.2 units
0.01 units YSI 0 to 14 units
±0.2 units
0.01 units Hydrolab 0 to 20 mg/L
±0.2 mg/L
0.01 mg/L YSI 0 to 20 mg/L
±0.2 mg/L
0.01 mg/L Hydrolab 0 to 100 mS/cm
±0.5% of range
1.0 uS/cm YSI 0 to 100 mS/cm
±1% of range
1.0 uS/cm YSI 0‐1000 NTU
±5% of range
0.1 units pH Dissolved Oxygen Conductivity Turbidity Sampling Procedures Sampling Initiation Theinitiationofmonitoringisdesignedwiththeintenttocaptureidealdryweatherconditionsifpossible,yet
ensurethatmonitoringbeconductedduringthelowflowperiod.Monitoringisscheduledtobegininmid‐
August.Priortoinitiationofsamplingthefollowingconditionsmustbemet:
•
Twodayshavepassedsincethelastrainfallgreaterthananaverageof0.2inchesatthe
reportingprecipitationstationsintheCityofSpokaneMS4/CSOdrainagebasin.Thesestations
arelistedinTable8.
•
Thelocalweatherforecastcontainsnodayswithapredictedlikelihoodofrainfallgreaterthan
50%forthefollowingthreedays.
Oncesamplingisinitiated,sampleswillbecollectedeverydayoverafivedayperiod.Ateachsamplingstation
asinglesamplewillbecollectedfordiscreteanalysisandanothersampletobeanalyzedaspartofa
compositeofallfivesamplescollectedatthatstation,forallparameters.Compositingwillbeconductedby
thelaboratory.
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Wastewatereffluentswillbesampledasgrabsamplesonthreeseparatedates,spacedevenlyoverthedry
weathersamplingperiod(Days1,3and5).Eachsamplingeventwillcollectasinglesamplefordiscrete
analysisandanothersampletobeanalyzedaspartofacompositeofallthreesamplescollectedatthat
station.
Ifaprecipitationeventexceedinganaverageof0.2inchesatallweatherstations(Table8)occursduringthe
samplingperiodthefollowingchangeswillbemadetothesamplingplan:

Ifaprecipitationeventgreaterthan0.2inchesofprecipitation(averageofallweatherstations)
occursafterfourdaysofsamplinghavebeencompleted,thefifthdayofsamplingwillbeaborted.

Ifaprecipitationeventgreaterthan0.2inchesofprecipitation(averageofallweatherstations)
occursafterthreedaysorlessofsamplinghavebeencompleted,samplingwillbesuspendedfortwo
daysandthenresumedtocompletefivedaysofsampling.
Sample Collection Allsamplingproceduresdescribedinthe2014SAP(LimnoTech,2014c)willbefollowed.
Flow Measurements Manualflowmeasurementswillbecollectedatthefollowinglocations:

BarkerRoad

MirabeauPark

TrentBridgeGage
FlowmeasurementswillbecollectedatthetimeofeachsamplecollectionusingaSontekM‐9.
TheStandardOperatingProcedureforstreamflowmeasurementisincludedinAppendixA.
Table 8. Spokane Weather Station Locations Site 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Weather Station Location
Spokane, WA Corbin Park, Spokane, WA Kendall Yards, Spokane, WA River Run, Spokane, WA West Central, Spokane, WA Lincoln Heights, Spokane, WA South Hill, Spokane, WA Felts Field Latitude/Longitude
47.65 °N, 117.43 °W
47.68 °N, 117.42 °W
47.66 °N, 117.44 °W
47.67 °N, 117.46 °W
47.67 °N, 117.45 °W
47.64 °N, 117.36 °W
47.62 °N, 117.35 °W
47.68 °N, 117.32 °W
Sample Handling and Custody SamplehandlingwillbetheresponsibilityofGravityEnvironmentalandwillbeperformedusingmethodsas
specifiedinthe2014SAP(LimnoTech,2014c),sothatrepresentativesamplesarecollected,stored,and
submittedtothelaboratoryforanalysis.Samplecontainers,volumes,preservativesandholdingtimesare
summarizedinTable9.Propersamplehandlingandcustodyprocedureswillbeemployedasdiscussedinthe
2014QAPP(LimnoTech,2014b).
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Table 9. Guidelines for sample container preparation and preservation Parameter PCB TSS TDS TOC DOC Container Volume
Amber glass Polypropylene Polypropylene Amber glass Amber glass Preservative
o
2.36 L
1 L
500 ml
40 ml
40 ml
4 C
4o C
4o C
4o C, H2SO4
4o C
Holding Time
1 year 7 days 7 days 28 days 28 days Analytical Methods Thefollowingsectiondetailstheaspectsoftheanalyticalrequirements,ensuringthatappropriateanalytical
methodsareemployed.Tables4and5summarizetheanalyticalmethodstobeusedbythelaboratory.Table
9displaystherequiredcontainertype,samplevolume,preservation,andholdtimeforthestudyparameters
accordingtothepreviouslyreferencedmethods.AXYSAnalyticalServicesandSVLAnalytical,Inc.will
providesamplecontainersfromacommercialsupplier.Allsamplecontainerswillbenewandpre‐cleanedby
thesupplier.Inaddition,thecontractlaboratorieswillprovidesamplelabelsforeachbottle.Thedetection
limits,expectedconcentrations,andanalyticalmethodsareincludedinTable10(Ecology,2014). Table 10. Parameters, Detection Limits, Expected Concentrations and Analytical Methods Parameter Matrix Detection Limit Expected Concentrations Number of Samples Analytical Method PCB (pg/L) Water 1‐20 10‐10,000 total 55 EPA 1668C TSS (mg/L) Water 1 1‐80 47 SM‐2540D TDS (mg/L) Water 1 1‐80 47 SM‐2540C TOC (mg/L) Water 1 1‐2 47 SM‐5310B DOC (mg/L) Water 1 1‐2 47 SM‐5310B Laboratory AXYS Analytical Services SVL Analytical, Inc. SVL Analytical, Inc. SVL Analytical, Inc. SVL Analytical, Inc. Quality Control Analyticalqualitycontrolwillbeperformedinaccordancewiththespecifiedanalyticalmethodsandas
presentedinthe2014QAPP(LimnoTech,2014b).
Field Sampling Quality Control FieldsamplingQCconsistsofcollectingfieldQCsamplestohelpevaluateconditionsresultingfromfield
activities.FieldQCisintendedtosupportanumberofdataqualitygoals:
•
Combinedcontaminationfromfieldsamplingthroughsamplereceiptatthelaboratory(toassess
potentialcontaminationfromambientconditions,samplecontainers,sampletransport,and
laboratoryanalysis)–assessedusingtripblanks/transferblanks.
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Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 •
August 11, 2015 Combinedsamplingandanalysistechniquevariability,aswellassampleheterogeneity–assessed
usingfieldreplicates.
TripBlanks–Tripblankswillbeusedtoevaluatewhethercontaminantshavebeenintroducedintothe
samplesduetoexposuretoambientconditionsorfromthesamplecontainersthemselves.Atripblankisa
controlledwatersample,withminimalconcentrationsofcontaminantsofconcern,whichisproducedbythe
laboratory.Thetripblankaccompaniesthesamplingequipmentintothefieldandisstoredwiththe
analyticalsamples.Iftransferblanksarerequired,theywillbeobtainedbypouringdeionizedwaterintothe
samplecontainerinthefield,preservedandshippedtothelaboratorywiththefieldsamples.Trip/transfer
blankswillbecollectedatafrequencyof10%oroneblankpersamplinground.
Trip/transferblanks,asdescribedabove,willbepreserved,packaged,andsealedinthesamemanner
describedforthesurfacewatersamples.Aseparatesamplenumberandstationnumberwillbeassignedto
eachblank.Thesampleswillbesubmittedas“blind”samplestothelaboratoryforanalysis.Iftargetanalytes
arefoundintheblanksabovethecriteria,samplingandhandlingprocedureswillbereevaluatedand
correctiveactionstaken.Thesemayconsistof,butarenotlimitedto,obtainingsamplingcontainersfrom
newsources,trainingofpersonnel,discussionswiththelaboratory,invalidationofresults,greaterattention
todetailduringthenextsamplingevent,orotherproceduresconsideredappropriate.
FieldReplicateSamples–Fieldreplicatesampleswillbecollectedtoevaluatetheprecisionofsample
collectionthroughanalysis.Fieldreplicateswillbecollectedatdesignatedsamplelocationsbyfillingtwo
distinctsamplecontainersforeachanalysis.Fieldreplicatesampleswillbepreserved,packaged,andsealed
inthesamemannerdescribedforthesurfacewatersamples.Aseparatesamplenumberandstationnumber
willbeassignedtoeachreplicate.Thesampleswillbesubmittedas“blind”samplestothelaboratoryfor
analysis.
Fieldreplicateswillbecollectedforeachanalyticalparameteratafrequencyof10%oronefieldreplicateper
samplinground,whicheverisless.Thereplicatesampleswillbecollectedatrandomlocationsforeach
samplingevent.Iftheacceptancecriteriaareexceeded,fieldsamplingandhandlingprocedureswillbe
evaluated,andproblemscorrectedthroughgreaterattentiontodetail,additionaltraining,revisedsampling
techniques,orwhateverappearstobeappropriatetocorrecttheproblem.
Field Measurements Quality Control QualitycontrolrequirementsforfieldmeasurementsareprovidedinTable5.
Fieldinstrumentationwillbecalibratedaccordingtothemanufacturer’srequirementsandwillbecalibrated
daily.Ifafieldinstrumentcannotbecalibrateditshouldnotbeused.
Laboratory Analysis Quality Control LaboratoryQCistheresponsibilityofthelaboratorypersonnelandQA/QCdepartmentsofAXYSAnalytical
ServicesandSVLAnalytical,Inc.Thelaboratory’sQAManualdetailstheQA/QCproceduresitfollows.The
followingelementsarepartofstandardlaboratoryqualitycontrolpractices:
•
Analysisofmethodblanks
•
Analysisoflaboratorycontrolsamples
•
Instrumentcalibration(includinginitialcalibration,calibrationblanks,andcalibrationverification)
•
Analysisofmatrixspikes(TOC/DOC)
•
Analysisofduplicates
14
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 ThedataqualityobjectivesforAXYSAnalyticalServicesandSVLAnalytical,Inc.(includingfrequency,QC
acceptancelimits,andcorrectiveactionsiftheacceptancelimitsareexceeded)aredetailedin2014QAPP
(LimnoTech,2014b).Anyexcursionsfromtheseobjectivesmustbedocumentedbythelaboratoryand
reportedtotheProjectManager/ProjectQAO.
Corrective Action Correctiveactionswillbeimplementedasrequiredtorectifyproblemsidentifiedduringthecourseofnormal
fieldandlaboratoryoperations.Possibleproblemsrequiringcorrectiveactioninclude:
•
Equipmentmalfunctions;
•
Analyticalmethodologyerrors;or
•
Non‐compliancewithqualitycontrolsystems.
Equipmentandanalyticalproblemsthatrequirecorrectiveactionmayoccurduringsamplingandsample
handling,samplepreparation,andlaboratoryanalysis.
Fornon‐complianceproblems,stepsforcorrectiveactionwillbedevelopedandimplementedatthetimethe
problemisidentified.Theindividualwhoidentifiestheproblemisresponsibleforimmediatelynotifyingthe
ProjectManagerandtheProjectQAO.
Anynon‐conformancewiththeestablishedqualitycontrolproceduresoutlinedinthe2014QAPP
(LimnoTech,2014b)willbeidentifiedandcorrected.TheProjectManagerwillensurethataCorrective
ActionMemorandumisissuedforeachnon‐conformancecondition.Allnon‐conformancememorandawillbe
discussedinthefinalreportsubmittedtotheSRRTTF‐ACE.
Field Measurements and Sample Collection ProjectstaffwillberesponsibleforreportinganysuspectedQAnon‐conformanceordeficienciestotheField
Manager.TheFieldManagerwillberesponsibleforassessingthesuspectedproblemsinconsultationwith
theProjectManagertoreviewthesamplingprotocolsandprovideadditionaltrainingifnecessary.Ifitis
determinedthatthesituationwarrantsacorrectiveaction,thenaCorrectiveActionMemorandumwillbe
issuedbytheFieldManager.
TheFieldManagerwillberesponsibleforensuringthatthecorrectiveactionfornon‐conformancetakes
placeby:
•
Evaluatingallreportedincidencesofnon‐conformance;
•
Controllingadditionalworkonnonconformingitems;
•
Determiningwhatcorrectiveactionisneeded;
•
Maintainingalogofnon‐conformanceissues;
•
Reviewingresponsestocorrectiveactionmemoranda;
•
Ensuringthatcopiesofcorrectiveactionmemorandaandresponsesareincludedintheprojectfiles.
Noadditionalworkwillbeperformeduntilappropriatecorrectiveactionhasbeenimplementedand
documentedinresponsetothecorrectiveactionmemoranda.
Laboratory Analyses Correctiveactionsarerequiredwheneverlaboratoryconditions,instrumentmalfunctionorpersonnel
situationshaveledorcouldpotentiallyleadtoerrorsintheanalyticaldata.Thecorrectiveactiontakenwill
bedependentontheanalysisandtheevent.
15
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 Laboratorypersonnelarealertedthatcorrectiveactionsmaybenecessaryif:
•
QCdataareoutsidetheacceptablerangeforprecisionandaccuracy;
•
Blankscontaintargetanalysesaboveacceptablelevels;
•
UndesirabletrendsaredetectedinspikerecoveriesorRPDbetweenduplicates;
•
Excessiveinterferenceisnoted;or
•
DeficienciesaredetectedbytheIndependentAuditorduringlaboratorysystemauditsasdescribed.
Correctiveactionproceduresareoftenhandledatthebenchlevelbytheanalyst,whoreviewsthe
preparationorextractionprocedureforpossibleerrors,checkstheinstrumentcalibration,spikeand
calibrationmixes,andinstrumentsensitivity,etc.
CorrectiveactiontakenwithineachlaboratoryistheresponsibilityoftheLaboratoryOperations/Technical
Director.Whenaproblemoccurs,theLaboratoryTechnicalDirectorinformstheProjectManageraboutthe
problemandthestepstakentoresolveit.Oncetheproblemisresolved,fulldocumentationofthecorrective
actionprocedurewillbesubmittedtotheProjectManager.
Allnon‐conformancememorandainitiatedbythecontractlaboratorywillbediscussedinthecasenarrative
orincludedinthelaboratoryreports.TheProjectManagerwillfollow‐uponallcorrectiveactionsthatare
takentoensurethatthememorandaareaccurate.
Data Management Datamanagementwillbeconductedasdescribedinthe2014QAPP(LimnoTech,2014b).
References Ecology,2014.SpokaneRiverToxicsSampling2012‐2013–SurfaceWater,CLAMandSedimentTrap
Results.TechnicalMemorandumfromBrandiEra‐MillertoDaleNorton.
LimnoTech,2013.IdentificationofDataGaps‐Final.MemorandumfromDaveDilks,TimToweyandKat
RidolfitoSpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce.November14,2013.
LimnoTech,2014a.DataCollectionStrategyforPCBComprehensivePlan‐Draft.MemorandumfromDave
DilkstoSpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce.February4,2014.
LimnoTech,2014b.QualityAssuranceProjectPlan,preparedforSpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce,
July23,2014.
LimnoTech,2014c.SamplingandAnalysisPlan,preparedforSpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce,July
31,2014.
LimnoTech,2015.SpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForcePhase2TechnicalActivitiesReport:
IdentificationofPotentialUnmonitoredDryWeatherSourcesofPCBstotheSpokaneRiver.Preparedfor
SpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce.
Serdar,D.,B.Lubliner,A.Johnson,D.Norton,2011.SpokaneRiverPCBSourceAssessment2003‐2007.
PublicationNo.11‐03‐013.
SpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce,2015a.TechnicalTrackWorkGroupMeeting,MeetingMinutes,
May6,2015
SpokaneRiverRegionalToxicsTaskForce,2015b.TaskForceMeeting,DraftSummaryNotes,June24,2015.
16
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 17
Spokane River Quality Assurance Project Plan – Addendum 1 August 11, 2015 APPENDIX A FLOW MEASUREMENT – STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE 18
(These components are shown and detailed in the GPS Quick Start Guide)
RiverSurveyor - Quick Start Guide
Getting started with the RiverSurveyor System
O
This is a quick reference guide to get started with the
standard RiverSurveyor ADP (S5 or M9) system. The
use and setup of additional optional system components
are detailed on other Quick Start Guides.
For more detailed information, refer to the User Manual
which can be found on the software CD or via Start | All
Programs | SonTek Software after installation.
What’s in the Case?
P
Q
R
S
T
RTK GPS Components and Accessories
RTK Base Station with Tripod Adapter, GPS
antenna, rod and mount
Tripod
Antenna cable for RTK Base Station
Radio Antenna for RTK Base Station
Battery Packs for RTK Base Station (x2)
Battery Recharger for RTK Base Station
Important RiverSurveyor Facts
The specifications for the two available RiverSurveyor
ADP models are below. Only one ADP is provided with
each RiverSurveyor system:
RiverSurveyor ADP
Range
Profiling: 0.06 to 5.0 m
Depth: 15.0 m
S5
OR
What does the RiverSurveyor do?
Profiling: 0.06 to 30.0 m
Depth: 80.0 m
M9
A
Some important tips on the RiverSurveyor and its use:
• The RiverSurveyor requires no calibration.
• Data files are stored on the system and not the PC. They
must be downloaded from the system.
• Discharge calculation is internal, so measurement
quality is unaffected by communications losses.
B
C
E
D
The RiverSurveyor measures velocities in 3-D throughout
the water column below the ADP. It combines tracking
information (from Bottom-Track or optional GPS) to measure
the total discharge across a river section.
Assembling the System
The following instructions apply to Standard configuration
systems using the Serial Power/Communications cable
directly connected to the system for communications and
power.
Make sure that the cable
connector is flush with the
ADP connector. Tighten the
locking sleeve.
K
L
N
F
G
H
J
I
(Components shown in blue are described in other Quick Start Guides)
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
Standard Components
S5 or M9 with optional GPS mount and antenna
Serial Power/Communications cable(10m) with
Adaptor Plug Set (non-US)
AC Power Supply
Serial to USB Adapter
Software and Documentation CD
Optional Components and Accessories
Power Communications Module (PCM) with
Dummy Plug and 8-Pin Power/Communication
cable (1m)
Battery Pack for PCM (x2)
Battery Recharger
Parani Bluetooth dongle Kit
Mobile Phone and Watertight Lanyard
Spread Spectrum (SS) Base Station
Battery Packs for SS Base Station (x2)
Hydroboard (not shown)
GPS Antenna cable
Windows Software Installation
Insert the RiverSurveyor Live CD-ROM into a PC. The
Installation Menu should appear automatically. If not,
double click on setup.exe in your CD-ROM drive menu.
Install RiverSurveyor Live for PC.
Measuring Discharge - Theory
The total discharge through a measurement section is
computed based on the mean water velocity in the water
column and the cross-sectional area. For the purposes of a
measurement, the section is broken into three key
components: the Start Edge, the Transect and the End
Edge. These components are summed together to
calculate the total discharge as shown below:
Start Edge
End Edge
Transect
RiverSurveyor – Quick Start Guide: Getting started with the RiverSurveyor System
Discharge Measurement Facts and Tips
Updating and Changing Settings
Site selection is an important part of a discharge
measurement and can be fundamental in its success.
Here are a few quick guidelines to aim for:
• Avoid possible obstructions and immediately
downstream of bridges, dates and weirs
• Flow should be uniform with minimal turbulence
• Consider the ADP’s profiling and depth
specification (shown on the other side)
Key factors when making a discharge measurement:
• During the edge measurements, keep the vessel as
stationary as possible.
• During the transect, maintain a constant vessel
speed and direction as is practical.
• Ideally, any vessel movement should be slow
relative to the flow velocity, and changes in
heading should be gradual.
These settings are typically specific to the site and
should be reviewed prior to starting a measurement.
Direct Connection to the System
Connect to the system using the Windows software by
pressing the Connect button or the Quick Link on the
Start page.
Connect button
Quick Link
Select the Serial Port that the ADP is
connected to and press Connect
The System page (shown
to the right) will be
displayed showing the
system configuration,
settings and utility
functions.
System Settings
Enter the depth the vertical beam is
below the water surface, Salinity and
Magnetic Declination
Windows Software Data Collection
To collect discharge data using the Windows software:
1. Press the Start button (or F5) to start
data collection, but this does not record
any data. Instead it allows the data from
the system to be viewed to make sure the
system is operating correctly. Make sure
that all indicators (shown in the top left)
are all valid (not red). Position the vessel
at the start edge of the transect.
2. Press the Start Edge button (or F5) and collect at
least 10 edge samples. The Edge windows will be
displayed showing both edges. Keep
the vessel as stationary as possible
during this time. Input the start edge
information into the Edge dialog that
pops up and press OK.
3. Press the Start Moving
button (or F5) and the
Transect window will be
displayed. Keep the vessel
speed and direction constant
as you cross the river.
Pre-Measurement Tests
It is important to ensure the integrity of the system
prior to any measurements and there are a series of
tests that should be performed in this process:
• Compass Calibration is necessary prior to all
measurements and compensates for magnetic
fields. In the Utilities section in the software
select Compass Calibration. Press the Start
button and rotate the ADP through two complete
circles while varying pitch and roll.
Magnetic Distortion (M) should be below 10.
Keep your cell phone away from the system
Site Information
Enter all relevant information to the
site and measurement. Note that
more information is better that less.
Calibration Score (Q)
should be above 3
4. When the vessel reaches the end edge press the End
Edge button (or F5). Follow the same instructions as
for the Start Edge (Step 2).
5. Press the End Transect button on completion of the
end edge. This automatically opens a new data
collection window so you can start a new
measurement. The system is still running, so if you
need to keep making measurements repeat steps 2 to
5 again or press the Abort button (or F8) to stop.
6. On completion of all your measurements, it is
recommended to go to the System tab and download
all your collected data files.
Technical Support
•
•
In the Utilities section, set the System Time
In the Recorder section, select Download all
files and then Format Recorder.
SonTek/YSI Technical Support is available 24 hours a
day, 7 days a week.
Tel: +1-858-546-8327 Email: [email protected]
Fax: +1-858-546-8150 Web: www.sontek.com
RiverSurveyor – Quick Start Guide: Getting started with the RiverSurveyor System
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