ilff :::

ilff :::
2.
Tr$uonic Sttdi.3
Of
Nrgarp|rkrr Flora
2.I. IDtroductior
The poFr Lrilidion ofpl{r walI[ of&
@
on surlDabre bqis deD.nds umn th.
.on.cl idcndfic.tion .nd DmiDg of.lt $€ rda pEsenl
in ibe aFa, Corcct
key !o rhe lireErre (VrnsGnG, tgjl),
NagaQ&k& is a cnoc aFa
Frvjous cporr on
ti.
ed
floh
m.
is rhe
e
rherc
ofdii
no
dgion with rhe [email protected], ofchnudhn & Cnud.f
which dells wirh th. vegelrdon lrd
rt. lloh ot erriE ll).,p&te dc6err inctuding
Nag.Darlbi Tbis sludy is athosl hatf a
@.iury old, Slewan ( l9s2 dsll t€ hiliory
)
of
pldr colhdion ofp.tGran in d.tiit.
Orimrh (1819, r84?, 1848) s6m ro b.
$e fi6r
borarisl who @tt*!.d in Sirdh bur
h. hot .izd onty th. upFr
Fn or Sjdb whitd on
h4 way ro Ar&dislar_ He
rolrow.d by vha,r(rs47) &d stockr
0E4s_1852) but
non ofrhcm colbded rhorcughly ed
nevd Mchcd
( 1966)
6
od Hdk r
bN
.*r, "",-,,".'TJT;rHT"1::il3
Orienrdis' &d "Floa of Briris[
hdia,, Erpedvely.
o8?2- e7)
ircruding SiDdrt have &tu
ar$
hcruded
ler
wiftq fbn
time ro
oD
[email protected] Egioul
Ross
tin. seh $ [email protected]€ (tc0a09) ^IIon of
rEsidercy" ,McCM & Slbhh (1927-29) ,,Flora
of lrdu Delb,,, tlsrlin &
^Bmbry (1954, ?ta$ ofsind
Randrn
lrd KaEcni-, but aI of 6m ignoGd NagrDa*s.
Tt.
@ pubtjcrrion of ittr of p.iis&{t971<oitinu.d)
which cove6 th. cnrir pari{a
rlso includ6 Darparrq od Nag!.Fr*!r
buI rh.E is @ dcrsrv. @d deaitcd
nqhdr
ofioh of Nag{ryado. TheEfore in orde! to
fil lhe gap dr. p,esenl eit w$
22.
tu
M.rert.t lrd M.lhods
** -notta no. n"*r*,*r h.sro
vErted twice a
r.
A,
tre
rh.
y4
durin8 rh. nonsoon period
rnd wiDrer_ A
,ruoJ-2oor. Th! aEa
;;;;;;;,j.,ffi;
speiads G deposj',"
.IPlat_Cdery{don. Thcspein.rs*€G
rhe
6
ilff :::
idddfied wid $ehelp ofdilIeE
Floras bul
Fron orinbrir (r87)-rEe8): [email protected]*e\
yl,::" .^_:*l* r*ia,s
,,":jr",, , _re.3 FroB
:::l-1_]l.l:
Lhur.r-r flo6 of
TlEr
ds.n
Frm of
of Bombay p€sid€nc, ,reo+e, .
chudn^
e66) and flom of
K&ahi oy Jaft (too6, sqc
nr tii.EruE includi.g monognphs ed
@rsDrs Erc ats Bed fo. vqifiqtion
ofnonqclduE inctudirS
Jwb
&
atso
bxonohic
(200A_
t7
[email protected]!, gend. ed k y !o the !Fci* wiih rh.ir dcscdprim ,r. prcvid.d
ia
tn. pest wdc ln lddirion lo rlFe Epllquriv. sFcituns, @togicit
trol6,
fio*oing Fdods, disi.iblrion dd iqononic rc1es [email protected] ,c6sary d.
8ivd,
Key to 0r.
T!bl. -s: ldncnry of Cottccrior Trlp
S.No.
Modhs
NiSrrprrkrr.
P.riod ofstay (dsys) Depatur€ dare
6
2
of
l9-It{2
2+|42
MarEh
l0
-3-03
2GJ{3
September
l.l
t4-9{3
26-9-03
l0
l4-9-04
23-9-04
4
5
March
l0
2l-3-05
30-3-05
6
Seplcmbq
I3
l+9{5
2G9-05
l8
ng
ildfialilf
*
rqtt
atr||,
&nr| . d{ra
6a
lt
p
:s
M.b Gou..dq loc.H..
t9
23. KEY TO TtrE DICOT FAMILIES
20
2l
omctyomooma, errrprrarclllllli.- .
Isves sinpl., fl iDu|d......., .......
levs
..
1...........M.ti!c*-
It'e stisnr ($dosresium)
umm,, ruc @. rru
a d4 c+sut. or shia.qp or
4rkmd.. ....,,,......_
! qlo& cruolom.sbDtu leEadv|m.r Fnnr r.itin'o
smpre,
d.ly [email protected]
Le.v.{
9!!iqua... -.. .....
kcyrs s,nplc atr.mle, DtraFliote ciibutx,heni
Trcs. Stipuks modified inlo spin€s. ovary fee fei lhe disc. Sramtu;aG
the petals... ..... ,... ... ,.... ....
hodin.d inlo spires. Oqty nor
rEe on th. di*. St meis
llld doublc th. nutuber of
J
ffi
:ffi
,4moc_
{n!'utsprdn|'l n.rb!, Lsv.s sinDt. nlmd.
8..s. L4ves simpte. opporik,
Irncns .itud b
roncns [email protected]
ruk
ro th. nmb€r of tEk
thc
rmbq
or
dessu..!.
-----_
-
uxolsen€ ornascr cyn . [email protected] ldg.. Bacr lnd br.ctcote prctneni
Anthc @mivat at t.at in Mir
t4trnwsorrdruDc...... .....
22
23
23.T. ACA]YTf,ACEAE
He6s or shtubs with oppo3it , d.cusare, sinpl. lsv€s. Flowc,s
in
Sepals 4-5, connare. Corolla l-2.lipp€dj
5, @nn6t.. Srh.6
F1al!
didtmnoB. Carp€ls 2, sy.ca!?ouj ov.ry sup.rid,
usullt
ldllici&l cl,.ul..
A feily.oirisrins ofc_ 230 8..en
Fruit
[email protected],
@
a
and c. 3t00 speci€s distriblred targely
i, rophal
I(EY TO TEE GEMRA
BARLERIA
L., Sp. Pl, 636, 175; Cen. pl.
t.
283. 1754; Malik& chsfoor in E_Nsir
&
188:45.198E.
H.$6
or shtubr wirh
jn teminal
o M0our ,pind. t€v6
paiolar. or
s6it. . FIol6
spikes. Crttar {bcpty 4-lobed. Coiolh sub.qu.uy
5_tobed.
stMirodq Bullt 2C3). Caplul.2 or4 @{i.d_ S€ds su.lty hySrcsopic,
A
g€nu ofc.
150
tpei6 mhty foud
in
E phll p.rts ofAM sd
Aliia
KEY TO THE SPEC'IES
urur
roi!.rGiFwiii- -..'-1.
spin*
in
spircs
i' lar air r. la;n toDC-Ftos6l. o*
upro 0
mn
_l
c,45.t8.EF.
_
_-ffi,E
''
jr.
p,,4.,r
W
6dlrt b' gnwi|€ d ddk @l in N.etlFe.
MBh br.!ch.4 undcnhnb, d.n! ! pubc*.r L€|v.. obtdE-ovr., or + obovlL. 1250 r &20 hn Fror4 2+ 6!.r.4 !.ortioid |toB; rtn b.g.. Btr.!
Glildq
,
F&
ttt
b.fypnd l.drccd b pinncind lpircr oqt r c.lyx lob, [email protected] ovn , | -r .7 x 0.E-l.0
.n\ nuqbort , Fllowitt-ttlwlj inE totj6 bFt.!' 7{ @ tdg cdoL lub qr.
I mn br8; vhi|!, @L. Crpstb .ltiFoiq ShDo!, 1.| .d.(L S.Gdr ovoid.
SFdnd ,!,dicd: N|grF*!r! 24.tO?0, @net, &, ,lbre rrs&ri, 3969(KUH!
x|'ndfE hilfr, r?-9.2m!, [email protected],.d 3!9r, 339t (KurD;fti4 tt4-2q,\ 2M1td
365(KUH),
SFi6 foutrd i! P.Lir4 lndi..d Afta
Ecologid ro!.: C|o*r @nrmnly in t! pt iB.!d lmng rtE ek i!
vi/J| I2pi&gdtit r,Enn' or &ddM *i$ ||'f !h!rb. ,!dt $
d*frlie, C&b fuw
6d
Cwi'
!si.!on
E
ph*bta
d.cne.
f losring Friod: Jeu.ry-Sepr.hbcr
D.rtdb prbfit|-_Sp,t{.2:635.
&
Gh.fd,
l. c. 46.
t
8. C
t75l; Ch.{dtri
t
Chur.,
t. c.
3r:
M.til
- K.
25
pilb c.
Shtub, uplo 40 cn, tatli
le6late,
m
18
lon& sharp, diuary spins.
t
dv.s elliplic,
@, sc$rid_lirehr. .bovc , nary b.tow; Friobr., FloE6
la!g., yello{, se$ile, sotihry in tow.r leafaxik,
Bdci5 oblongtmceolatc. Cat}r lob.s
w'lh spin€-tipp.d. CorcU. 2-lipFd. Sr.nilod6 2, in5.n
d. Cnpsute ovojdanjcjl, 2.
*€d.d. seds orbic r.
sp4iho
1.5-8,5xt_5-1.5
[email protected]
trl
sed tsl-KVH); ibid, t1 9 - 2003, Zanatud EL SaNd 336, 335
lKUt ;ibid, 22 J _ ZOOS, [email protected]!, 652
srudi€dl
hj0 s,
t-2002, z,MnA &
{KUH)
Dislribded
i,
[email protected] ard
S.
f,cological mte: conmon
Flow€ring pc.iod:
Aei.r.
on
4tu
.& b
S.
E Asr tircu8l A6bis.
rh. hills whil. 6F in th. ptams.
Meh-Novenb.,
BLf,PHA.RIS
J6'
c.n_
pl.
I
03. I ?89; Mslik & chahor, L c. 4;
Volt.s, T*on.R.v.
Blephais. 37. 2000,
Percnrial pesrrste he.bs wilh sidpld,
cl6la6 or sLobilsle sdk..
&&r
dtic
or spioesnt [email protected]!es. Flow6 in dillary
and bnd.otcs pie.r, Chra h.quar,
dcply i_tobed.
[email protected] tube shonn rhan tihb. Sllmens
4,
s..dr with hygrompic h!i4.
A 8cn!s of c.
100
[email protected],
dirty
Blephotis sindiea
chludhri & chun!,,
tcqnid
hdb, upto t5 ch rr
oblon& 15-70 x
di6&ibuted in the Otd World Tbpics. ThcE
is onty I
$dB.x
L c.
didyrmols, Capsul. obtorg, cohte$ed.
T.
And6 in J. Lm.
l8j Mrtit & chlfoor,
.Euily
l, c, 8j
F6F.&,ld6
sbc_ Bor.
vou*c.,
ndJpiry
t.c,87,
sessrle simpt., in whod,
24 hn, co.idious. [email protected] snobotic apikc,
bluer bBcrs ov!r., 10,25 x 8_lj
9, [email protected] 1867;
[email protected]
Ftowed puQle ot
sFxt [email protected]&olc tiM! ro lar.ota&, t0l5 m long Cllla lob.r hairy or boih sid.s, Coo|a
l.tipp€4 rob6 3, ccnrr.l lo.ger
tnln loreBlsj rube 4 m lon8, bDwnbh nliry
ourside. ClpsuL obton& glatDB, s..tts
at rh.
sp.cih.n studi.d: (KLiH); Ksbo
,20 _ tr _ 02, [email protected] So (KUH) B!dhs&, 20 _ I I
[email protected], ZaMtud sr(KUH)i [email protected]
hi s rj _ 9 _ 2N)3 , ,ratu xad3l4{Kuq ibid,
24 -1 -200 5, Zo n M ud 61 5
lKUt\.
26
Disibued
in Sourhcn
pslisr.r ed S.w .tndh.
Ecological note: Orows ncqucntly on the hiUs in swErton wnh
I€pda8€,rij
tliwk dd the largc shdh6 such s
Ctuhiptod vigtuii, C,pryis d.cidu sd
Flopei.g p.nod; Mdch,Novenb.i
LEPIDAGATHIS
Willd,, Sp. pl,3:400, 1800r
Prorr6tt{@!
',
herb. ro shrubs,
qpnat. headr,lernin.l or
erenly
.ylindrisl
siL
sil.ry.
tube. Srands 4,
L.pi.bgslhit
bit
M.lik&
F.iot.te lav6. Ftow6 i. @odm..d spile or
Catla witn 5, urcvcn lob.s, Co,olk 2tipp.d wnh
or
didFdou!.
N4
rris
Ghafoor,l, c.9
Capsulc
.ltiFoid,
2-4
wded.
&iar.l(r. r: 96, t832; chaudlri &
L c..J t 2. B _u.
P.Emid, lo-ti .h 6ll, dahoE h.rb. lave tin4 to [email protected],
2_4_5 x 0.2_0.5 cd!
3-n
pd!
dcd
Elabrous!
el ,lon8 niddb. FloweB esit.,
lale while, purptbh-?inl,
in waU'
pt_
[email protected] j.L. Jsi M.tit & [email protected],
axillary; out.r brcr.olcs oblong-l&ceol6te,
innc, tueifom. urlra lob.s 5-8 hn lo&
CoDlla spolred i6ide, upFr tip rcich.n, low
tip 3 tobcd, obr!5., 8bb6..nt, Ov.ry
Srobose. Capsule oyoid-
tocalate,
2-see{ted, Seeds oblong
with hySoscopic hais,
na resl hoe, 24lo-t97lr, (&,j.,, Chzlou & Tbrd
[email protected] hi|,., 2o-t t-2002, zah*tld .t2lr(Ur{);
Sp€cinen stldien:NrSarp{td,
tear,
Zanatrd 253, 254 (KUH)i Na8rparkd town,
[email protected] hills, 25,3-2005, zdd,,.r'
Sp€cies found
foh
691
14-9-2004,
ibi4 20,3-0j,
Zarunud 5OtlKUHri
(KUH).
p.kisran to tndia.
Dcologicrt Dote: Fcque.dy o!
sirrdiu 8d Baietid acartlbi&s.
rh€ hilts
h @k [email protected]
in
assdjor
Nilh
rtdpr,,i,
Flo*ering p..iod: Meh-septenb.i
JUSTICIA
L., Sp. Pl, I5: l?53; Ce!. pt.5, ?1, lT54iMoliL&
ch.foor,l, c,29.
EEd or endhg h.rbs or shab6 witi
Ftiotarc, ovarc c lsvcs, Flok6 in
or p&iclcs. Calra .heply 4-S tob.d. Cobth
hilati.t . Std.ns 2. c.psuL
.ni
,pilc
4j..d.d.
27
The
tag.lr gou of
tdpicdl.nd
fhil, dt
the
noe tho
"ubhpi€trcgron5. RepE*nM
Jr.sd.ir errrii
Aonulh.rb,
400
sp..i6, chicfl, dituiMEd
iI
by on. speci.s in our aEa.
Rorh, Nov, pl. sp. lnd.
oriqr.
14. t82t; Maiik in ch!foo., L
t0-45 ch, r.lt wirh mody bde; slen &gut&. Leavs
ti,[email protected], l-8
r 0,3-1.8 cn, oqg.dy h,ny; Friot.ic. Inflo,[email protected] spj'..rthut
o.4j !rr. FtoB6
lil6c, dail ciinsoo. s$ile; bels ovare, y.llow;
[email protected] xn€ar-larc.olale, small€r
th& qlyr, hairy. Catyx toh6 4, [email protected], 4_5
m lo& conl, rub.
iofundibul&, 14 mm lon& 3tobed_ Fruit
Two
vdhris
e pr*ir
in
4egl€4
oblon&
[!n
.
S..dr
l.pilar.
rugosq
N.g&p€rtr,
KEY TO TEE VARIf,TIES
0.
v&,
wrlt
Mltik & ch!foo.,
L c. 35, f, 6
A-F.
Meh [email protected]€d h.rb, 2O-4j cD !alt_ Lrlv6
Borlly . ip{ic, 2.j-6 x
[email protected] studicd:Nagarpa*r, sqdy
g,ikr,
hi|s,
Ch.Joor
406(KUH).
Connonly occu6
b. vrr.
in patisrtu
od lodjr.
rrrdtca M.tik & Cnafoor,
t. cr 36,
I 6 G-J.
Ditf.b toh tt?e v&iery by hAviig snud grc*tb
le de
stcm,lerv.s li.er-h.c6tard, l_2x0.2-0.4oE.
sFciho
studi.d:
I([email protected] hilst
20.11,2002,
20
[email protected]
d
1!J<Un iibid,l4lKu$);
la-32003, Zatu .sd 229(KUHI;2(-:3-2005,
Z'wrr1ld
^dh6gh,
Probatly .ndenic to palill'n (Sind).
Ecologiql
!ot:
$socDrDn wnh
Borh dE
v&i.ri6 eow
fitqucn y
,4r.arr6 utiti,, Digta uwj..,b,
arl md withou nain
jj2
0.VH).
.I
ovd dE eky @ ii
Aoe @ia rcpN 4d Cletu
2A
Flownns
F
iod;
[email protected],Novhb.r
PERISTROPHf,
Ne6 in W!lt! pt. Asi.l, Rm.
}
l831Mrlik &chafoor,t.c.27,
Usully e€ct hcrh o. unddjhtubs wirh oppcner .ntiF lqv6. [email protected]
$tilory or ir
trichoroEously brechcd, paricnhtc crme,
Calra de.dy 5-tob€d. Corolls b sbiate.
Slleos 2, C.P3lte obtorg. .tjreid.
7?, I12.
A g.nus of c. 30 spej.s fron East Aria ro Fopical
Pedst oph. panicutata
& [email protected],
(Foresk.)
[email protected]
BMmitl
in KcN
Bdl,
38: 451,
l983jMati*
L c. 2?
Djantlwa panicutdo Fossk., Ft. AeSypl-Arab, l.
t775., ptistropte
,tc,lrrrlara(Rdz.) Ns in W. ., fl. Ari.t. R{. I
: It3. t832; Chaudn.i &
Churl(,1. c, 40.
An
dnul,
20.t00 ch
r- 4 @ lo.g
.
t [; s!.h dg!l& with ip!.ding hr&cb6. Lcav.s sihple,
4_6 x
ipri4vare, pub.Mr;
Friol.re. [email protected]€ Edrer or qilt.ry, ld
p€nicle, or cyn.s, floqeE pink, purpljsh
piiki bacrs
2,
uequd
or
suh.qut,C6lra tobes
[email protected], v.rvst€, t.5-4 hm tong. Comth crtindriol,3-5
m lon& IiF sb€qud,$amd$
w.u qen€d, Fruit elipsoid, bairy,
&uhinar. Seed! orbiculsr, paljuale.
SFcio.n sludi.d: Ktmjh& hilts, 24_3-05,
[email protected]
td
Species
e.b
in Trcpical Aftica.
S.
lnd
6./0
(Kut0jbid,
E, Asis.
Ecologic.l mte: comnoDl,
crov3 r,&udoul Nags!p.r*, in
Boe aavia rcpe8, krcas *ti.folia a^d
an n wir\ Cadaba JdtuM.
FIowiDg paiod: f€b.u..y,O.n
9_9,200?,
Miirio.
wi{r
b.r
RUELLIA
L, Sp. pt.614_ l?51; cc..
pt
5,281. 1754;Maljt& [email protected], t, c.58.
pGrat, Frnniot herts wili ovar.-Ln6ttt.
ed @dE IsvB. FIow6
rolrlarya,lhry d h si aD crner or p,nicte.
m
re.t) spkk. CajrL tud @ro a [email protected] sbnens 4. didyirmc. Ovrry
2q .d.ah a[ 2-t0
Erc.t m
oldcd. Cap5ulB
cylindri.al, euipsoid or obovai..
S.edj fld! ovar! or odicula,
A Bdus of c. 250 speies dkribo&d
in ropiql ed sub|ropisl rgions
ofthc wo.ld.
29
RuzAit palata Js.q., Mi$. Bol. 2r lJ8_ I 7Et; Ch&dhri & Chuit&, L c.
Malik & chafoor, l, c, 6r.
Shdbla wirh no!ry shmq
4.5 cm, elliptic-ovarc
I
I
39
j
L C_ll.
.h ra ; n n bmhcd qudmgutr, L€av6 t,6 I t.
wiri uplo 20 hh tonS petiole. Flowes pale white, ssite.Cdla
lob.s [email protected]_celarc, 3-6
c. J0
m
ton& CorcIa rub. t.5-3.0 ch lo,g, infudibuh, tub.
nairy ollsidc, oblus. Fruit .ltjpliGct.vst€, gllbbu,
E- lO seeoa,
SF.in€n studi.d:Nrgarpo,ke ptzine:ra-]-2003, Z.ndrrd 230 (UrDj
N.8,.Fdr
j7O
9t6i6. 16-9-2004, ZnMtud
(KUH); Klmjhd hilh 243 -2(tr,5, Zanutld 69()
(KUH),
o(uts in Topiql Atic!, Asbia, pakisra!, tndia
Ecologicrt trote: Conooity gnws in th€ ptaitu
species
and
Srita*a.
on w€lr drained soit in srocidljor
with Aehya,th4
up,a
and peri,trcphepd,,izlzla
ad on rh. hill stoFs uuly io th.
nicoclimaL of shdbby pldrs s wh s Euptlotbia
cddtcifotid sd conaiphoo vightii.
llowire
pdiod:
Meh-S.lranb.i
23.2. AIZOACEAf, (FICOIDEAX)
Auual
r Flmhl,
hqbi tav€s usua y opposib, flehy o. ste lik .
Flo*s $lir.ry
or in o)ms. Sepds 5-8. p.lrh abrenr
StlD.m s_mey,
sls
y pc|ltod soninod.s
2-5. synqrpoB; ov,ry sup€nor or infcdor,
t_j
oruld. Fruir [email protected] apsul.,
elt.4 ech @I ndy
FBqr. C..Fls
Tl'c
adilt b [email protected]
by c. l3O
8!tu6 dd
c.2OO0
spaics drltrjbur.d
i.
bopical
dd
30
KEY TO THE GENERA
CORIIICHONIA
S6p., Inrld. 264, | 7??;
yl
NBi ir ENsi. & AIi, !t. pat. 4r j 7. t973.
A.nuarper.mial berb sitn a[.h6,r. srd p.tiolat
t€!.s. flowe6
eriphylloB cynca. std.ns ody in 2
Dwsi sraminode p€blord, [email protected],
alld.
Capsuie
A g.nus of c.
!
my sde4
2 species, ond is
film
Afri., sd other frch topi..l Atrica io Asia.
Corbichonjt d.cunbcns (FoBk Ex.tl in
Jon, Bor, 73i 80. t935i Nsir,
J
S. W,
Y. J. L c. 7. f, 2. A-8.
OrySia
dauhbe8
ve8. Rtu& Ft.
Fwk,tt.
tl{declr,
Ae6/pt.- Arab, tO3, 1775j Chaudld
&
Chutlar,
80. l%4.
Annual, [email protected]! r.ddish
hmch€d herb.tav6 l&@ralc lbove, ov,r.{boEr.
b.low I G4 x 0.4t.o cn, aubiperDt.4.5-7
mm tone.Innore:qr. c)m.. upto tO
<m
ron8. dElE [email protected]&.2.5
m. mhb6ro6. S.pats ovar.,l_4 no tong, ourlid.h,ir),
.culd, Per,loid shoi,od.s obto.&
adn.rc. Sraom t0-15, uequr Ovory
Foir
capsul&, papcry, dchiscent, Seed!
@npFssd, shiDy blact,
Btobqc.
specihq (udi.d: Bu{the, t6-i-2oot,
zhund ,07 KUr|);I<as',
Zadatdd aB(KuniRuge9 Chek post,26.3-05,
Z,tuud 65:.1IKUH).
It is foud in Tbpiql Afriq,
Anbia,thn, paki$a, ed lidh
trcologi.al mte: cmhon on tb€ eady
eil wnh c,,,
p:.::
h: r, th I k M po,,, Ia*o,.
Ya
r*
",."
o.*
z2-g_2003,
ff ;,IX:_:#,
3I
Ilo*.iins tqiod: FcbE:ry,[email protected]
LIMf,UM
N!t,.d. 10.995. 1759;y,J.N!sjr,l. c. 10.
Pnilire h.rbslnbt€B wirt oprDsit or alrcmre lqvs, Fiow6
$rrary or ii dilt.,y
cyner. Slanens ?, $dinod.s c. 5, p.litoid, cl.!rd.
Ov.iy 2+lted. Fruit of 2 co..i,
L., Sys
A g.nB ofc. 20 [email protected], disrribut d [email protected] y in
S, Aniq
Anbi., Pdldsratr ad bdid
Limeum obovdam
Vi.q
in J. Asisl. Soc.
&d.te i!
Be.elt
rropic.t Afric4
16r I 16r I 847; y,J,
N.sir,
ll-t2.N,W.
Annlal, prostE& hdrb. La!6
Lc.
cluplic, ovale io sub{6icul& 1.5-ll x [email protected]
F1iot.
2-3 nn lon8, gtdduld_ [email protected] ovar,
leccolrt . Sopals 5, [email protected] 3-5 x 1.1.5 hm,
*,til.. St ncns nonartctphoq. Ov.ry rcddB[ bDh;
b.ric.rp [email protected]\ bmm.
Seeds,
spftimcn studi.d: Nasarpdhr pt jas,22-943,
Zawnud 4B \KUrD.
It is foud i. SW Atrics, S!{tan,
Ethiopir Arbia ad psi.isrd.
Ecologicll Dote [email protected] foud or s.rd' ptaitu.
Floweriog p.riod; S.pteober_Oclobd,
SESt'vlTJM
L, Syst€d.N&r.lO:
M.D.D4sd.yaL,
lOJ8. 1759; yJ,
Ft,
C.r{@!.
).1 I
L
N6r,
t
l_
c.
4 I'
R. Iosberg
in
997.
Amul hclb *nh btuch.! dd opFshe tov6.
Srlhru [email protected] Ov!ry l-s{e
CaFUle
dehisenr,.iruneisitc.
A gcnusofc. t2
spd6 fohd i, rDe wam Esions, ndrly
S6ur tm sesaeloid* (F.El)
2.f.1.L4.
on
.d.
6e colsr,
Verdc in K.w BuI. j49. t957; y.
J,Nsir, Lo.
Diploche"im [email protected], FeMl,
Noy. Sirip_ D.c_ 7: 5s, l Ol9.
Amul, di mery prcns.4 posL hed,
teva pdiohr.. opporr., .rhFk{Er., 4- t 5 x
r.r-o nn ow4 r6sit.,4rlt!,y, stib.y.c,trl
.dpeut.tq nc^{: s.p.tsl_4,5 m
32
long, eistrie.
Sr.nG
5-7
alredr. (t!ry t-j
e
.d fruir nMy
scdcd, S€ds rugoe,
Specin€. studi.d; [email protected] hill s,24-9-2005, zanmu(r s4t\Ku{).
SFcics aound in Africa, Anbia, tr&, pakisrc! sd India.
Ecolodel mre
FlowcrinS
fi.quo{y oo rhe hills dd
Friod: &pcnbqociobe..
Found
on
sdy
wol
ph6 lbdd&tly.
IRIANTHEMA
L,,Sp.Pl.22l. l75l;c.n.pl.5. lOt, 1754iy.J.Nair,Lc.5;F,R,Fosber&Lc.3.
AnnualFMnial h.rb pnh opFsii., uoequl leaves. Floqed uillary, slitary
or ii
clusLe6, Calyx with s suFldninal, doNt apFndo86. p.ratoi{t
si.hcN lbhr Stytc I l
ovary l-2-elled. Frun r qFut. ikhilq! cittM$isit€.
A Sous ofc.
of l2 sp6ics
17
e
sFci.s, dtr.iblr.d in
wm
EeioB,
miriy 6
ABtraha [email protected] tO out
end.mic,
KEY TO THE SPECIES
Trlanthemi triqu.t a Rofit & Willd. in Ces. Na,turti rr. N.e. S.h. 4: l8l,
l80l: Y. l.Naia t. c. 6 t t. E-H: F. R Fosb.rg. 1c.6.
difuely b6ch.d, Fgltoe h.d, Lev€s eltiptidrr., [email protected]&, 0,3- 1.2
x
0,2-3.5 om. Flowe* F$it.{ubssile; bicts 2_3 nm long, ov.!.,
&umhde CatJ4{ Jlobod, t sist€lt, 3-9 mh tong, Eddisb, pink Sr.oetu 5, alLmate
!o sepal!. Ovory
Arnual,
lurbiNle. Ptxidiun 2
x
1.5
nm,
Sp.cinen studi.d: Nag!4trrtd,
Ia! [email protected]
in rhe
6trq
S.edr bl&tq rugo$,
trll-2002, [email protected]/d }4lKUH)j K.!bo,
I9,t1-2002,
z?rartud 40 (KUH); Budhas{r, t9-11-2002, Zakdmd 55(KUH)| Ne3r Rds.as
ch{k
tosr, t7-9-03, [email protected] Jt2 (Ku{},ibid,24-9-2005. zawtud 880 (KUH).
Spccis fomd in Afii.a, AEbi.,
tE
ro
A$ir.lia.
33
Ecofogicrl .otc: sF.js found in b$ qdy
pettanlra,
ctchorc
[email protected],
jtli|lda
and
w.r
pte.bundl{ltty
C [email protected], ad l&g. shrubs
such
frees tike protupis.inerqe.
^nd
Flowding pcriod: S.pr.nba- O.tob.r
T uthetut podula&stram
L.,
Sp pt. 223. l?53; y. J.Nad.,
wittt za!.N
s [email protected],
L c.
,.
I
L I-
K; F. R. F*berg, l. c.5,
Amu!|, 10-35 co tong hdb. Lav6 obtoig, obovar€, 1.2-2.6
r 0.j-2.j @,ohus. or
&ur., tong p6pilte, s.rdMdr;
Friole 2-t I m_ FblB s,I!ry, lotila.y, silq
Calla tub€ cncloscd by rh. leafbaset spats 5, obtong,
2.t3,5 en lo,g, SLoeN lo-lj!
@va. Ov..y @.jqt, c. 4 nn, 4-j sden, d 2.J-3,0 mm [email protected],
reds ogoe, blact.
Sp€cimd siudied: Nrgorpa,t&, tj -9-2.,l,3,
Zanaoud J3I(KUH}
Budhad.23.g_2003,
Emlogical not : Coes comonly in Nag.rp&te
ptaitu &d re h,Is_ Floweing
lenodr Sept mbq- Odobcr
Bm. t,
Ft.
Ld. uO,
r
ZALEYA
jt. 17681 yJ.N$ir,
t_
c.2i H.E,K.Hdrnm
K.Kubitzki, Fm. & cen.Vsc. pl.2:
45, I993,
in
udcNl'ab pGFar. wirh opposir. exsripulal.
taves.
clu!cc!_ Catra s.tobcd. SllD..s j.t5,
fe. Ov&y 2s0ed.
HeIb ro
A gaus of c. 6 sFai.s, disEibu.d
tu iropjsl
Z.t ra p,@d,a (L)
L A_D.
hf6,
Afie, &ia aft
in KeN Bu . t4(2) 23r. ^urntaa
y_J.N4ir, L c.
r 960r
2.
Triantvtu pe.te,,.ta L-, MNt t: 70,
t./67
Pcqni.l, Laws oblong-obolat!, oblnceob&,
I
_
eltiptjc, l.5a x 0.G2.?on, p€liol.
5_l I
mh,wid p6pillo* sherhjns b.r.. Breleots
t_1. loF,dcd, scdro6. Caty{ peBsEnr
p€prros *p6ts obtons. oe,t. t.s_art-,2
hD. shmtu 5. poty{rdmB. epiFrltoc.
O\ ey [email protected] prpilto*.(apBut.
t.4.5m tons. SaG btak rugok.
Jp€.'m.n sdicd: Reser's ch*k p.rt9-l-2)Ot. Z14atrtd 2r2
IKUH).
Sp.cics tou.d in tndid,
&hslar, Itu, Ahbia, pattrine, T.Afric. dd MadaSrscd.
[email protected] @1.: Condon slcia of edy ptlitu .sFi.0y
otr rrr plq widr
Boefiaaeia ftpe6, Disera ndcata erd
Andnth& W.
floreriog pcriod: Alt round ft€ ycd.
233. AMARANTET{CTA-E
mull or Ftfui.t h€rbs, lave siDple, sl!r.a& or opposL.
no!6
spikes or [email protected] polySdous. Sepats
3-5, [email protected] [email protected] .bqr.
U$ally
[email protected]
sr.hens 3-5,
in
non.d.lphous, Carp.h ,-1, syn [email protected]
oy.ry sup€rior, l-c.lrcd, r{vuted, Ftuir uhicl.
A fmily of€.
70
g.neF
sd
c.?50 sFcies!
djslibu&d i, l,DpMr ed
wh
E8iotu.
KEY TO TEE GENERA
ACIIYRANTEUS
L,
PL-l:204. l753icen. pt. J.96.
I?r4; C,C. Townse.d h E.N$ir & AIi,
Fl, pat.
7l : 13. t 974: in KubiEki, F.D.&
pt,2:
ca. V!sc.
87. I990,
Het6 wirh opposii. tev6. Ilowc6
in,.mi!.l spikc. 86.1, hrh. nidrib dcurMt
ir
a spike. Perieth seh.nts
4.t, Slu.ns {l&mting with srsdinod.,Iruji
urjcle,
4 Ssus of FE sp<iB ot Otd Worrd
ropi.3 or:ubrropics. One sFci., rs
EpEjenr.d
&on Oc cfu
Sp.
,Achtranthes
R.ns.Fl.
nE
aspero L,, Sp. pl. I: 204_ 1753j
Chedhn
d€sen! 40. t 966t C,C ,ToMsend,
t. c, Fl,
&t.
{r
?r:33.
Chud&, V.&
i
6. E. t9?4,
35
A
a.tpem ya!. indi.a
L'
Sp. pt.
t:2M.
Pe&nnicl herb, 15,25 om idt,
dcNly lomcftos
3ular.,
1.5-16
d.nr
Leaves €lUptic,
oblorg
x
I
{
tji3.
hany; slcn nucn
bected dgnle,
cn.t,[email protected] F.duct.d, tctuiDl sDitc,
P.rie{r eCn.nb whib, plle
9!q, Fd or pupl., ou!.r egh.nts
th& im.r, lalfuhc, Srm.$ 5.S!eds cyti.dd6t.
smoorh.
hairy,
longcr
[email protected] studicd: NaSarpekar, 25-tO-19,70. gairet,
Ahafuor & Abedin 405r(KUH);
kdy
Na8&pa*d,
ptains, r9-3.200j,
Zadand
231
(KU]I). Ksbo, 24-J.2005,
Conhon speics oI pa&istd dd lodid
dd hosl p.n of rh. rroprc{
Ecologicrl mae: C,o*s ommonly goushour
srdy $d bcky
wtrh
Awadhc
spircs6,
Flo*e.irg period:
Aw jMica
sd
[email protected] tupec.
Meh,O.bb.r
AMARANTEUS
Fosst.,
Fl.
Ac&pr Adb. l?0.1775; [email protected],r,c.
2j;
in Kubjrzki,
Lc.8t.
DicbB
o.
en rins
polygmou, cEcr-pFsriar,
Ftlmal b.!b *iti enric dd
surry arenalc tqv.s. Fto*eB in ,pikc p&i.l6.p.ri&th
or
$8sent dd [email protected]
usuny equal. Ftun a $in wrled
lricte, rupturing ircgutdty. S!.ds bt&k.
A g.nus is rcpcsqted by l0 sp.ci.s
nainly dislribu&d in m. Eopjcs. ThG
spechs
KEY TO THE SPECIES
Anarcn hus poe.lzans
L., Sp. pt. 2:990, I753, M.D.
Foshqs in M.D. [email protected],
n, cey (F.)
I
: 20.
s!b.p. th.Autgiltnus @er*i)
cu*u in Bor.
Townsed; t. c.
adnnkw
17.
t
l9so.
[email protected]
57: 462. 1972; C.C.
2. E_c,
4elungtanBNeyski
in Acr. Acad. Sc. U. R. S.
s.
r(4):lu.
i937.
36
Amu.!
uplo 45
cd!
bEDh.d, h€rb; sr.D sl.nlia_ nou! d6mb.nt or prsrr.&,
d8uld, nllticeuuls hairy. kav.s l-55 x 1,5-30 nh. lincd, nonbod{p61ul.ie,
ovaie,
4urc !o ohu*. Ftowe6 qilt.ry in cyh.j nate ed
fcnat. no$r6 inl.oidSted.Mlte
nowe6 i, upFr whorl. Std* :]. Fentte
nmmu D row€r whorl; [email protected] &d
bi&cot6 sub.qual or shone, lhd the pqieth. periMrh segneoE
3, [email protected] Feir
@[email protected], blrctq shinin&
Specihen srudied:
Budhe, Nag,lPar*o, 25_t}-t970, gakq, ChaJMr & lbrn
tdral, 4092 (KUH); N.saDqk!, tud! pt^ins 26-3-2005, [email protected]
IOI0iUH).
tMa,tha [email protected]
tMls&[email protected] js ftud wid.ty io Indi4 paldslan od
Middb Est, The rrIe sublpecio dq
nor occu ir ou E8]or.
[email protected] norq crows in sdy ptai.
d€,s o€.sionoly w&, ndhthg rnidis sd
Flowdring pcriod:
subsp.
Meh4obb€r
Amatunthus spinosus L.,Sp. pl. 21
99i. I ?i3;
D; M.D. Dssayd(e & F. R, Fcbee, t. c.9.
C.C. Townsend, L c. 9.
t
2. C.
Ar enoai, dembqt 0,5-t,5 n tall, h.rb.tsv$
t_j-t2 x 0.E-6 @, ov.t, cnipdc,
@@iate- obtong, subd.ul€j p.tioL c.
9 cm longj spir4 ,sird, dilary. Fenat€
n th! b'5'' sr4o' crst€cd. dirrarv;
Frierh sesm.nts j, @ry
::::::**":
o:lois
d spalulac, obtons. r.{ar. flowcu: flop6 ptuqr
sbov., bEcts 4d [email protected]
with.&d a*Icd ar the tip. perianth
s68h€ois 5, [email protected]&{blong,
sLdens 5.IDjl
ovoid-le4hr€, Seds conple4 btatq
ed.ut.re,
Sp€cin.n $udien: K&ejh! hi l:
M.ya dst\ t1-3rOO3, [email protected] & Satud
tO3
IKUH): Ksbo. t8.l-2001. [email protected],p,r'
I I (KUHlrrid2t2 rl\LHr.
As
@rmopotiro
*..d
in
whq
EgjoB.
Ecolo8icrl aotq Cows ,r foor nitk
M. wre bodi6 in sssi.lion wirh
Aktanth8 viri.ln, Disetu bwjeta Md
Celosi4oed.d.
Flowing pdiod: r.bnEry-S€pknbd
Amotunthus
L., Sp. pt. c4 2. l4{)5. t763; Chardld
& Churr, L c, 42j
C.C- ToMen4 t, c. 14. f,
2r{_B j M.D. Dsls.ya&c & F.
R. Fosbd& l,c.t9.
oed hcrb, 30-45.m rall, gKn. L..v.s ovare,.Uiptic,
tintu{[email protected], z-?x 1.5cn, FloB6 in qillsry [email protected] ctun
. Mar.
'indt
6 sit4ub*n
&d [email protected]
37
intcminSled;
brar
3
nh
sub8lobos. to ovoid. Se.ds
SFcio.n studi.d:
long bnctblcs leeolate ro oblong. slancns 3. Iruir,
.odpr.sd,
blrck, rcticulate.
(@jh,
[email protected] M.y! dm, lE-3_2003, Zanqtu t, Stuot &
Adil
2r8 (KUH); oM-jo tv4dio,26t_2005,
Zrwtudjot Kur]).
A condon [email protected] ofr,opicai dd subt&pical
ftgions of th. wono.
Ecofogicst note: Connon ii ihe endy plains
in ssiaron *,th Boefi4dia tupe*,
Digerd nti.da di! diff.Ent
eess.s
flowering p€riod: Round rh.
[email protected]
AERVA
Iohsk., Fl. A.gypt. A{b, I 70,
1775; C, C.
[email protected], l.
c.
M, D. Dassasy.t & F, R, Fosberg,
L c, lO.
25i,, Klbir2td, l,c.
[email protected]?ri.are, FEmial h.l. wirh.nric
{d 6u.Iy.I.di. t.sves. Ftow6
d panel.sj bisexur d mi*xual .peritull)
segned dd st ocB 5
ovul.. Fdit
A g.nus is
a
lhio walled uricle, ruptuiig
EFeol€d by
|
0
8j;
in spjtc
ech. Ov.4? wi$ t-
ire8ddly. Sads
b&(
sp.(i.s. disnibur.d in rlk bopj6.
jawnra ([email protected] g hs. q. J. A_
S.hutrqi Sysr ves. I5, 5:565.1819i
Chludnri & Churlr, L c,4tj
C_ C, ToMeId, l. c.26.,:4.
Aetua
De$o,yake & F. R, Fosb.r8,
[email protected], FEnDiat h.rb, 35-120
.D
ri,e{
0o
$bo,"icur,.'
.'
*,,""".
A-B; M, D.
l, c,31.
hlt_ L.6v.s atl.mrtr
b"";;*,;;;:;:,:;:::';llTj:
se
vr. no$6. smaloub cp!r,
:llldr.'car
p€n&ln-s8nqr! j,
outeJ rwo
2.3
m.
upro 2..2)
m.
ova&.
r
@ar.,ro*%:
oblong, oboyar., inndr tnee slighdy
shorre.j
rrut| bud€d, @hp4s$d. S€rds
bmh or bhct
sludr4NacAeetf; 2s_to.10.
eai,e,. atuha, & [email protected] [email protected] jese
:::::
,^uF), Inmugho',tudy_octy
M, 261-2005, Zanttd I)2. 701, 708(XUH),
wjd. rpEad sF.i6 in {E &id prns
ot thc tr.pics dd sub[opics ofrie
Old Woild.
E ologic{'l nor.t Atu jMl.ca i,
@nsi&red !o.d so
bdyrlaiE m ahdbn wnh r-brarci?
buhia.
bi.der, @nnon on tiie
lzpd.tuprropen,e, [email protected]
potrgoiad., ad pa4t.uh,wgtd,,
od on rh. drth gDw3 @.$bMll) in
Neilrion
eld\ [email protected] l,tgidnn, Euphorbh
.ar,.r,6r, md
orher shrubs.
38
Floworing periodr FebMry- Oclober
cf,LostA
L. Sp. Pl, cd_ l:205,
Adurl
or
p.roni.t
$shcnrs 5,
liE
herb
t?';
ccn. pt.5.96. l75t; C,C., Tohs.nd, t. c.4; in
wi6 atrnarc sjnple
srmeB 5, onnat
a eeils ofc.15 sFci.s, disrjbut d
below,
leavcs,
wmer €giois
C.losia argentet L,, Sp. Pl. l: 205. t753;
A*nding,
c. 5.
f
2,
brmchcd. upio 2
in spikej pe.ieth
ov.ry wirh fe*-moy ovulB. capsut.
'n
Tohsd,l,
Flow6 uluuy
of bo$
te
Worrds.
ChaudlEi & Chut!.r, Lc, 4rr C.C,,
C-D.
n iall [email protected]
simpl.. a&n re, lmeola&{btong
x 0.t-3.2 ch in tudinS p€riotc.Irno6e.c6 de.s.
sp,tc, 6iical, sitverpinls
Fducr. upio 20 cD tongj br..c .d bacr.ot6 hn6t c or d.troid, p.iierh
1.5-15
FcID.nts
cllipli.-oblong, Ov.ry ovoid, 4_8 ovut.d.
Fon ovoid_gloD.$, Se€ds bL.lq 6ud!
slEimd
studied:
BodlE$.,
s
dy
pt
mte: rn N.s,rpr*!r
ins,25-3-2OOS, [email protected] &
ir
grcws widcry covdjns
Atah 699(KUll,.
hqinM
ea on uE
-Ecolofical
duing rh. pdio<t of [email protected] dd
dttu
.llo @mor al foor hills i. lFci.lion
*iO
[email protected] hs vi,idis, Boqhasia reFc8 ad Di|id
[email protected]@ta
flowering period: F.bruary.
O.lobcr
DICf,RA
:::s::,FlAcsyer-AEb.,6i
M.D. D4sa4yot
e
t7?5;c.c. roMtud,r.c.2lr irKubieri,l...8r;
& I_ R. tGbe,g, t.c. 23.
,*"cs. now.N in spikd rike @.os;
rerrirc in the
&d ,mens a-, @h. Or.,y qdt !
smglc owt.,
:1:l_r:1
".*"
p.ri.nlh
l'r.dr
ndite. :'1
kgnob
h!rd.
indchrse
nultet
A nomq?ic 8.ous, di$ribured
in Asia
cenlre!
Fruir a
ed Afrjc6,
19
DiEera
muiuto
1826; Chaudtui
lL.) Mqt iNov. Acr
& Chun r,
L c.
44
Cc. [email protected] t 3 ( | )j 285.
C,C. Tow*nd, L c. 2 t. I 3. A_Cj M.D,
Acad.
Dsldaylke & F. R. Fosb.rg Lc, 23,
Ac4,@thu [email protected] L,, sp.pt. ed.2, 295. 1762,
ADu| gldroB or sFety hliry with at|cmI. [email protected]*.
o!.te usully gl.bmus, t.5-t0 x
0.4-1.5
m; Ftiole
2-5
8-73 cn ralt.
Lav6 tind_
cn long. FlowE pink lo r.d, in
re.he, pedun€lc t 2-30 cm tong; brocts peNisicnt, subrending a p.dmculsL
prnial irnoE$erc. oI3 flow.6. pqitun
egmdts ovsl or oblone.Nutl€t subgtobo*.
long slender
Specihen sodi.d:
4093(KUH);
9-
Budte,2GlGtg?o, eaiyt,chalv
Klmjhd hjlh,
2005. za h a
nd
8 47
r
7-941, zzdan Z & Atan
3jt,
i.37
&
,,tbro [email protected],
(KUH); R heto, 24-
(KUH).
A @smoFlii& sFcies.
Ecologicrl lotc: Conhoi w€.d of.ulliv.r.d
connonry in a$ociario. wirh
/raan 6
fictds
o<r,61€ plafts, 9oB nosl
ftjdir, [email protected]
repenr, Z,tela
p.,tenda,
Cttu &opsis A,@.da ud Cteom B.osa
Flowsjng p.riod: Febru!ry- S.prDb.r
PI]PALIA
Juss in
Arn. Muss.
Kubil2lj,
P.rcmill
li
132.
1803(eu. ea.);
dric lqv.s, Ftov6
&d
subr€.ded by fte shffpy hooted spiny bocb,
gdu
o.. ovule, Iruit
a
t
n
Townsnd,l. c,23; in
Pupolit lapryea e.)
l_
in
r.mh.l
3p,ke o. in ctureR
of
p.ria.fi srsnenE dd $andns
5 each.
wdled urict..
of 2,3 sFcies, disLibot d in old Wortd
& Chu.t r,
C_C.
l_c,85.
hertr wirh opposi&
Ovary virh
A
pe,II:
hopi6
lurs., am. Mus. Hisi NaL prjs 2: 132. l8oj;
Ch.udnri
c,4j; C,C. Tomend, t,..24.
i
L D-c; M.D, D4dayskc &
F.
L
Achyattha [email protected] L,, Sp.pt. tt ZO4, 1753.
Perennial h.rb, 2040 cn alt,L.ives opposiic,obtong.
ovcr...Uipric to o.bicular, 1.5,
12x0.5-6 cn, acumimt€ to rpi.utate, cueate; p.tiote
2-25 Dn roDg, [email protected] I O-25
cn long, peductcd spike. FIowcE 6i$xul, qu y
in ctus.r of 3 efterim. eti|.ry io
th. uppd of
rhe
inloEn€i
hnc6
5,
ldceola&, &uqbnci.ol6 ovrc{oldrc; r.prl!
oblong, yellov io purDl.. gl.bous, 3-nened, spines ofhodificd,
St rib
to brisre, elabous [email protected] d awo,
Flowisn-puotc. Ovary q$.,ingt.
Foir utriclc, ovoid, S.e& ovoid stightty cohpr.s$d.
0owwrrduc.d
FndutoB ovut..
Spainq sMi.n: Nlgnlnfcr, 2et1-1970,
Aaiw,[email protected] & .\[email protected] [email protected] 4059
(KUH): Keanjh& hitts,24-ll.2oo2, zznotd
at.loo (KUH); Budhs&, l&3,2003,
Zanantd 220{KUH); Ns S.ladkor or wly 0o N.ga$sks,
uplo 20 co r.ll,20-92.005,
Zznottud 9rt (KVH).
Wid. rpftad spei6 ofrropiqt tud subr.opiots
egion, oflhd (,ld wortd.
Ecological bo(e: A f.nly conno! sFd4 of0E ptaiN
whilc
o..rjiond o!
th. hilh.
Flow.dng Friod: March-raaulry
23.4, ASCLEPIADACEAT
P.Gnnial herb6,
r&.ty
shrub, soncrines vinc, Levcs sriputale,
sinple, opfosile or
whorled- Flow.6 uuly ir 6eaoi.
or mb.[aL cym*. !np.b 5,
Fdoid. pcrais 5,
conn.te. Slqens 5, usully onnarc
foming . staninaltub.
$e ovary, lFx of
Ihe lubeidor. lo thc srieha fomirg
S4osr.Siui|! po iii! [email protected]
eeo
,nsdt .piFlato4.
e ei.c oof2.
CaQrh 2, apocarpou6i ovary sup€rior, qch
l-cclled, mey ovuled. Fruit
Iamily conp sing c.315
Egions,
tuidy
in
Senera
ed
c,2900 sp.ci4, dbtiibur€d ,n
Afrio. Foq ga.6 @ Fponed liom NlS.arrd,
Kf,Y TO TEE GENEM
ircpiql &d
*@
CALOTROPIS
Br h Mo. Weo, Soc_ lr 39. l8l0iAli in
E. Nqir & Ali,
I98li Li Pi.B-r!o; Michlcl c, Oilben, W. DouStd
R.
Srvensr FL China, 16:202.
199J.
shrub or sm.ll tree wirh opposir. [email protected] l.at6. Ftowd
in reminal or
@b€lloid [email protected], Coron! of 5, ft6hy lob.s, Arrh.6 ir
! slibry
Fnt 8o.al. Foit e innaEd follicte.
A genus of o. 4 sp€ci.6, distibut d in rh€ tropiB ed
irrroduc.d in Aocnc.. One qEi.s fon th.
@.
Calotropb ptocen (AiL)
Ai,t.
t.
Hort K.w 2. 2: ?s.
poltinim. Stigna
of
subrrtrpics
qillary
Afri* hd Asi!,
l8ilj
Ali, I. c. 7. Li
Pi.g-rao; MicbGIC_ citb.n, W, Doughs Srvcm.l.c.
202.
atctepid
Subsp.
[email protected]
Ait,Honiyaw,
}lar,ilrari,
{Wight) Atj
i.
ed.
Ll:
lO5. 1289.
Notcs RBC Edinb.
ls{2):
289_ l98O;
Ati, l,c,?.
L t. A_c.
c' taz&r"r, WShq Conoib. Bot nrd.51. 1834,
ShDb, upto I h rall wirh ri.h milky
sap, usually wbite onenose n
upp.r pan.
jJ5
t .v6 * ssit.,
x t.810 ch, ovat {blong, .nrjt, &e, @ddq FtowcB
whir.
outlid€, purpthh i.sid., c.2.5 cm
&os; p.diet t,54.2 co loDg, Caly{ deply 5lob.d.cdolh 5-lob€<! [email protected];coDoa
of 5, ftsshy, lder.lty codpe$ed tobe sdiatins
ftom rhe 8r4osc8ium, .ach with
a els€d v6ict..t tne De dd pair
.
of.Bicl6 d
the apex. Iruit 6.5.9.5 x 3-5.I
ch. Soeds fla!, broadty ovdld, 6,s Ed tong,
@hoe,
r.
6na
sp.dhd
sr,diedj Sdhnkor dcs.rt_Nag!rp&r!.,
15_9-2003,
Distributed ir India, patisr.o dd
,It.
[e,
zz,@!d
309 (KUH),
ryp€ subsp.cies [email protected] .or grcs
in
ou @4
Ecologicel mrc: Cftws rl&uslou! rhe
sddy plains dd th. sloFs or dE hilh
wi$
Ctevia tenu, Cappri, decide, E [email protected]
.afuEiJolia .\[email protected],a @Ezt ttd protupit
Flowcring pc.iod; Au lh. [email protected]
Dund.
Lf,PTAI)EI'IA
R.
Br
M.m. W.n. Soc, l:34. l8r0r Ati,l. c,5t.
EMi or.linbbg sbtub. FIowcB in uDb.llojd
cyn6. Coona double of5 $gndt'
Anlhs incuhb€nt o. stiSma. [email protected]
I in c&i tooute. !ru a tblticle wirh cohoe
in
42
A goN of c, l0
spci'r fouid ii |h. ropi6 ii A!i. ed Atrio otF rrci6
is
Dllgr
L.pbd.nb Wotahttkt lF.Nk) D.cie r,r AD Sci. N.r. Sa. 2. 9: 259.
It39i Ali,l,.,52.1. 12, A-D. Ct @h6 pyotech ahlot
*", El. A.9.A6b.53. t775i lzptd."ia lpor'm Wi!h, ConE Bor Ld. 47,
I
E34;
Ch&dtui & Chu!.r, Veg, fldg.ft.
ttr
d6.'q
14.
|
!x6.
FV t2t kptdenia pteazctttao.IG
Much
b|ehd Flmi.l
[email protected]
Flc rtllow, lof,gq rl|.tr
8.9 nm,
j0lt0 @ ril. tavd daidsc:
3imptn oprosic,
m, Ftosts in unhethte .ym6; p.duct. 2-E hn
n[ ton& F!h.!enr. Cdyr I.j-2m krg!ub.$e [email protected]
2.5.6
long. P.dhet c.25
i
he|!,
0.2-0,5
otF
Fo[ict6 [email protected][i Zj- | t.5
x
o.tu
7
d, t&@l&.S...rs
coEoe. @m! 2.54
nn long,
SFciftr lo)di.di N.s.rFdorj |-tL7o,[email protected], ehhu &.Abw flssin
(KUH);S.kDlor.fsr-N|!!rFr*!t, 2G3-2.{,5, Zz.d,1lt l/oXKUH\
Difiibuild
in
tidi., pltistsr
3923
Adi. sd ES/pt,
E.{loahd m&r Flirty connon in d1. ptainr whit ocsD..1 on rh. hjlk
in
a'.ti^i6 si$ calottuptt Fbe, CW,i!.hcUu rit C&r,
[email protected]
43
Flowcrirs pe.iod: Mmb-August
PERGULARIA
I-_,
Sy* N.t.
Clihbing he$s
ed_
t2: l9l , t ?67; Ati,
wit hilty ep bidch4
sides. Corona doubte, .ach
[email protected] with @nos
Gd'
L c,
26
hispid or ltjckly, trsvca ordate hriry on bolh
of 5 segE.ft. polliniun sotil,ry h qch
locutc_
Fo icle
A Eous of 3-5 sFci.s\ foud h [email protected]
md Soulh Ari& Orc
Pqgrnafia dtenia
Son.l. iial.
t:
(FoEsk.) chiov.
5.l9t6;Ali, t. c,28.I
?.
in
Resltt. s4.
Mis. Sr€f&ini
Ploli
A.C,
Asckphs doenia FoRsL, F. Ael:lrt _Asb_
5l ,1775.
Per€h.isl, clinbing, herb, b,eched,
hairr. Leav6 ovat orsuh{rbicut&,5.tixl.5-9,5
ch; p.rjolo 2-9 cn long. Ftoq€R in lir.6t
cyne; Fdiet L8,3.j cm tooSj br..k ninure,
l&@lare-S.pds 2-t
@
ton&Coro
.
[email protected] ycflow.Iolict*
lanktaL, bated,
S.e.! [email protected] oha 2,5-3,0 ch long
Spftind sMied: [email protected])hs hir]s,25-3-2t
)S,[email protected] (K|'f{'.
DsEibutcd in Md.ysia Sdlet4
Mar&M, lndir, palisrraAfddist&red
Ecofogicil bote: Usualty foo d sfi.rning
oeet
Fdberulous.
Zi4prg [email protected] nd
Flovdirg lqjod: M&!h_Augu!.
TELOSMA
Covilt. i. U.S. D€pr, Agr. Co rib.
Nrt. H.rb.9:384, t905;At!1.c.39.
-.,
Clinbin!
shob *irh da0. ro boadly otate
tcayes, Ftow.6 n uhbeloid cync.Coiona
&ths fbn $c [email protected] @llm. poltini!
etil,ry ir.&t locule. rb ictes [email protected] wirh
_
.
[email protected] .G
lO
sF.ies, fou{t i,
Tetosn
40,
t
$. ftpics ofth.
otd wortd.
4 cordota @w.t) M.Eitr i,
9, E-H.
Or. s
phjripp. J.
in
Sd le:372. I9i2. Ali,l.
As.tepi6 .ordata Butu. f,, Ft_ Ind.
12, r. 21. f .2. j16g.
clinbirg, bdclEd, shrub, pub.sqt.
trav6 JlO.5
tuberulous on Der.sj @rd!&, [email protected]
rdund
c.
m h,Ei owl.i Etabbu or
p.tiol. l_2_3.s .h tol!. In oq.ele
mbcllatc cyoe,long peduncled. Flowc6 btut
rt : bBcrs mcs, [email protected] p.diel t.3
cm lone, hairy. Coo a p6td ydto*, etvd- fom.4
Calya lob€! 5 nm long, h.iry
oulride, rt smla rh& bb$ Corcm
ldnar. !o rh. senind @rum. pollini.
elil,ry.Fotlhtc elir.y, l_5n0 x 1.8 cn, sr.ielr,
snoorb taFring. S€& c,l cn lo!&
nal, pals-btuw, coEok.
S(in.n iudkd: [email protected]&
hilk .2t-j-2OO\. Zaharrut n96Kl)t+).
Di{ribur.d in Mahtsi!, Mr&ru, I!di!
od patisl&.
EcoloAicrl Dote: An Indie [email protected]\ctie&:
on Zizipt8
/rdo'd on th. stolFs of ll). hils,
Flokring penod: February-Mdch.
@[email protected] ,\d [email protected]
23.s. ASTERACEAE (COMPOSTTAf,
)
Moslly h.rbs, E&ty snnb6 or
&6oesdr lnrv6 .lr
pinn iery o, parhalery
rcmosoouj\
E
ro*
o,
;rffi:;,"fr#;fl:
&orpr.clc paleal! or epalea&, capirula he&roganoB
or
noEt! cu , pini are. t nrt€ or
slerit.i drs florels tubutd
'. mofly s)iger6ioB. C{rFts
The llrees [email protected] wrth noE
drriburion
c""r,;;.;;
2,
,ynorpoBi our} infcrior.
rh& tsto
KEY TO
g€n.ra
TE
ed
tq
stMers
.d. I {vut.d, Ftun.
c_ 210r00 specres
CENf,RA
or cosopotiEn
ECLIPTA
Mor pl.2: li?.286. t77t.non.Cons.
Amuat.pdennid herb wj$ rimpld, oppositc lav6, sniSoe
on borh sid6. Iloves
sfir.ry or in asci.t.s, C.pito a adin€, h.rcrcsmour, ny
florc, pislilrt 6is.xul,
di$ tloer 2, ninurc, weat tut6, bisexul, tubc 4.lobcd. Cyps.ta with
L,,
or wiihoul
A
sall
Eaus
ol34 sFci6, di,iibu.!
in rn.
weq
rcgioM alt ova rhe wodd.
E
[email protected] prostrota <L.)L.,Mttt pl. 286. t 77l Jotii.
Ft. Ke. 340.
i
[email protected] pnsbda
L., sP.Pt.962.1753
t
334. 1966.
Amual, berb, 2G(45),60 cn long, dcnel, sLiSos
h.iry. Sr.m dek bbwn. conpt$c4
b.dch.d iirn d. bae , suldc, .ccl, e.nding or
FosIrlr.. Lav6 l_12 x 0.1- l.E cn,
$sile, opp.sitc etlipric. obtong{Iiptic, [email protected] or
[email protected] , Capirrla
nd,a&, dilhry on stendd,0-t.5I1.8 cm tonc
r.dunctes. Involucrc ?_9
broad;
outer phyll&ies 4 x 2
bD.dty [email protected], subrcd., hairy. Ray floELs white,
pistillalc, fenil., Dhc flor.F whi0e-yeuovhh,iublhr,
4lob.d, hqnaphrodire, &nile.
C}?sela oldie noEc y. owish bbq!
m
m,
m
log,4 eguja4 ord, nofis bhck
shon ssl6 of cohed,
3-j_5
cohpresed, wing€d; p.ppus ofv€ry
A Goopotit n wed of wd [email protected]!.s.
Sp€cinen studied:
BlAt|jN, t5-g-t9a./, /jnot
Khan t! Saiet t20 (KuE);
Nleatlliktr, I J-1,200j, Zanemd ti3(taurl)i
Ksbo, cullivaied field, 17.9-2003,
Ecologicrl note Connon on sddy plaihs
along s6ondr slr*hs ed hoilt [email protected]
wilJd Lepidagathit otd [email protected]
ond Bleptotu ,[email protected], also [email protected]
D !h. clubF of
Flowcri!8 Friod: Meh-SeF.hbe.
LAIJNA"EA
C$s., Dic. Sc. N!t. 25: 32t, 1822r
Jafri. 1c.34?; M,D,
Fosh.rs in M.D,
Dlsser.t ,Fl.Cey(d.)_
t:2?5.lero,
D.fu,rdc & F, R,
Annlar.perdnial h€rb wnh
.fcl
ro prcsr.lk srdn.
Lov*
alhrnarc
[email protected], sinqie-d.nr.le, sious, Capiro , solit ry or iis,ct.d
o. ssilc,lnvolucE btub ompdul.E; phyl|,i.s 3_4
i.a!r.
Flow6 Jligllor.. Anrh.r bo$s qu&r€.
Cypseta 4_5
LatMea ,'ocumbzn(na'r Rhyya
d
on .hon
wn
srios
Kd
Bun. ZJ:465
tuguld.
& R jsoplt h
t969,
Prtanth.s ptomben, Roxb,, Ft. I.d. ti404.I g32.
Diflusly bmch.d, s!.o, dqbE, upro 6J
[email protected] NaLidr
d
Iobed wirh
scdiou nqgin. Capirulh widr y.Iow 8y.d
usu,lry
Cypsela snatts rh&
tappus.
Dir.rbuEd h lrdia ad patic|.n. I rp.ci.s
tound ir ou tsgon.
Sp.cine. shtdild: Culrir.ted plaios. 20.9 -2005,
Fologiot ror.: Connq spei6 of!h. pt.itu.
Edical
5_10
I.lG ;snq
in laleEl ctu!&fs.
Za m n I d s3 IKUH),
OLICOCHAf,TA
(Roxb.)
A,nul,
hairy
wresiE i. [email protected] G.obor
*i$
ati.m0e,
berwd
thc iibs_ pappus ton&
A tcnB of c. 4 to
j
sp€cies
(zuii.h.) j7;
123. 1962.
dielcd tovs. Iloftd
hohosahes head. rnroruce prryrrries
a]rr.d. R.eF.cl. bnsrty. Anrh.r ba$s
p'tted
tnst.
;;;;,;;#'i":,H:ff':.:
srlgilare, comalc wor lhort rlited. Cr?sla
dd$ly
spiny,
n&y
si.re
brinly fourd Indis, pckisLb ed Afghajs1an.
OligN,a.,a ,oaosa (\db.) wascriE
i, veofl;
[email protected] tnl!. (Zudch.)
32J,1962.
Ca.lus
.asM
Ro*b. Ft. tnd. 3: 401. 1832.
dacn4
upro 70 cm tong L.av.r 2-5.5
hael lqva msuhr.. Feld woid{bloa8,
I
Distributed in India,
[email protected]
r
0,5-2 cn,
*sit.,
-2.5 x 0.5_ t.2
p,tijilo {d Afgh&id&.
studied: culdvared pt.ine,
t5-3-2003
d..pty tob.d,
cd, Cypseh uFo
rws
grcws
6
subenLiEj
hD ton&
zaaattud ts4\Kut{,,
Ecologic.l no&: rlnty @nmor
spc.iB of rhc pt.i6 esp€dty
vn the hnts [email protected]@
371
r*
cutriv .d
in.eornon wtn L2pdoedhB nwtuit.
fiet.L\.
Flowding pqiod:
Mch-
Scrrcmbq.
PULICA"RIA
rod-
I
L 46l_ r.
lZ.
I?9t; esi*r & Abid in Ati & eais.r, Ft, p.L 2lO:
5?.
2001.
Annul h.lt{hrub wilh .tterurc, sinplc, usua y hairy tsv.s. Capitula
sotira.y
clBt€6, hcrem8doe..dirL or di$ifod or homogMoB{@id.
l.votuw
2-6
sri.t , IoFts
noE! birqul,
2-sriare, outer
ro
deoe
lhy
ri4
yellov. Rlyfloftl! phtilhie, shonly radfie or
tiljfom, few.Dic
nmdoui tubule. CyF€las sncdns ,ibb.4 gtrdutd h.i.y p.ppus
one ot
conute scate fomi,g ! cuprt., jmq or$ tonga,
A SeDu oac. 80 sF.i.s,
foud
in Asia,
Pu&t b enewdfoti,
rie.
Afti.a dd Eubpe.
Dc. llndr.
j
:479. t836
erie
& Abi4 Lc.64.
I
t?.
A.E-
Amul, [email protected]! cEcl or &ndin8
wirh $R pube*lnce, lr.ves
!ssil., lincs-oblong,
ba3.l l€rtcs sliShlry obovaL! b.s ,@q,
enlft b sdrurarc, .cu& or 4piculare.
C.pituluh herro$mous, 6disc, Ecwed,
soliLry, InvotucE phylltuids 2-3 sriste,
Rept!.lc .pstes&_ Rly flon{s pisrit r.,3_roo$ed,47
@ long d.ddb6, Die noEc
bb.x!d,
lorg,
f€rdle, tubul&, 5tobed, c.5
Od
p6ppB snalt fominS s
ho
long. Cyps.la cylindncat or
cohi
4qgl.d,
c L5
@
b.r!. are, 5 hn long,
Ow_jGw{iio, t.,-9-2(I'j, Zaamrd :J]o(KUH)r
17_9_2003,
3a3(KUtD: Net yrLids d.D, pecn.jll
hed upio L2 h talr Nnh
[email protected]
,. ow
,r-::rr:, zmq,d. ldit & eubtu 3s2 (KUH) Ktujhe
hi i, r+e-2004,
:*,
itucr
Sp€cin€o studiedr
7a nd | rud
(KuH)t Kd ujhlt hiJts, 27 -3 -2Oo
s, Zan @ ud
Disrributcd in p.ki$ar .nd tndia,
5 5 1
Ecologic.t Dot.:
Fourd rhmughon $c @sio.
Flow.rinS p€riod: Se/emb€r _
Odober.
7
4sutuH).
SONCFUS
L. SA pl. 793_
AnnualrErcnniat b.rb Bilh fistutar
v&ioND
.mg.d
1753;Cd,pt_j_347. t?j4.
*cn dd
sha owly<.cpty tob.d teaves. Capitula
honogrDou-tigllar._ irvolucE phru&q 2,7 edisr.;
nods yellow, Cyp..ls wrinkled;
th. b€$ into ! d.cido6 .ing.
@cked;
n|ry silte,
pappus
white,
e.pr.clc
usuly 6nnai. al
Sonchut ctper ( L.) Hix,Bfi. Hefi. | | 47. 1169:
r&i,t. c.346. f. 342.
&hcha otencew L., \t dspcr L. Sp, pt.2:794,l?5r.
Amu.l, [email protected], 35 cn rrl,
@.!
gtmdute hai.y.bove, wirh sinpl. d.m,
lcarcs p.riolaro, upper se$ile, blad. sihpl€
to tobed or
pimansr,
cn, .uicl.s ctdping in srsr dd @$ded. c.pibh
homseoB,
slbcorymbos, whire tonciroe at ft b6e, peduol.
ei.c
pltylhri6. Ligrl€ s-roorh.d,
c.6 nr,
m,
specim€h studied:
p.dod:
glabrous 8-20 x
l{0
d,.c, awcoB
in
34
h,
e.h fM, wingd, nsgin
s.rulare.
+ daiduous
K!6jha
Ecologiccf note: Crows
FloEi.g
we
2-2.s ch. Involuce wirh
yellow. Cr!$la 2-3,j x 0.rl
@hpEssed, yeuowhh brcwn, usualty 3-dbbcd
on
P.pFB 5.5-9
t
hiu s,2O-3-2003,
on w€t pt6.,.s
[email protected] (KIrHJ.
in ss.*i^tion 9|ithpotrtupea .orr\,lbosa.
Meh , AFil
VERNONIA
179t.
(M
co6.) . M.D. Dewayate dd
F. R.
F6b.rg,
1...120.
H.rblo
shrub,
pub.snl with
.lld!
., sinpt. tqvcs, [email protected] pDk o. purptc, c.pituL
&re8ed in corymboe crh.s or pdicl.s.
A gcnm ol c.150 spei4 folrd in lqGTtfui{
E8jm, Aign&islar, pakistsn,
tndia
yeraonia .inqdcens
S.hlttz-Bip,i, Schw.in., Fl. Actnop.,
1.., 332. f.123.
162. ls67;
,afri,
Pcr.nnial hcrb,
s€n woody, ho{y, pub6cer!
x 2_5 m,
&[email protected], a[dualc. capituta
hooogdous, dk6id, c. 6 mn &ro$.tnvolucr€ witn ndy *oraie phyu&ies.
Disc
florls ndy, pintg nrbuld,3,3,5 m lo8, slobed. Anlh6 enh
obrw be. C}!$ta
ereci, Leavs 0,5-1,5 cm
*$ilc or sub*ile obld& obtahtdq obos or
c.l
m,
brcM, whiL h.iry, oblong. poppu p.,sislenr h.iry, ourer shoner
tn.n €.r!1.
sp€.inen studien: K&Anjhd bi|s,2vt1-2loz, [email protected] &
SaNd l4 106 (KUH)j
Ktujht
Zn
^itts,20-3-2001,
per.n.ial h.$
upro I n lall.
Disnibuied in hdia.
tu
t 2a7 (KUID; Ne& Katidrs dro!
l8-9-21gt,Z.dtd35| (KUt
p&isrrn &d TDpjc{i
Afris.
ffiky ptain.ra,
.
trcological ooter Crows o. rocty hill stop6 dd sdd, phros n.d
Mond silans
w'rn Awia fregdL Cappqis decide 8d
skr|i Fmialstil<e Lfuosia wijoruFlow.ring !.iiod: MrEh - O.lobq.
23.6. BIGNONIACEAE
Usully sltubs o. trEs.
!6v6
op!bsi&, d.cusa&, ,impre o. phnatety @hpoud.
Flowch in cyn.si legc and sho*y, zygohorphic.
Catla od @bth Bualy bilirFd.
Stmcns 4, didyreous, .piFrtos, disc
Fd$nL C{FL 2, sy,cdrDur; ov!ry iuFnq,
2-c.ll.d. Fruil usua y s c.psule, [email protected]! nuy,
wi.ged.
A tuily of€. I l0 gencF &d 7jO sp.ci6,
disiributed in th. Eoprot
Alih..Iottowiig speica h found ii ou
egio6 tuinly i.
S,
egioD.
TECOMELLA
sema4 Atr. M.g. Na! Hin_ s.r. 3, to:
10.
Fl.Pak,l3l:4.
1862;
y.
J.
N.!ir in E, NsL & Ali,
1979,
A monorypic g.n!s, nainly dii.iblrcd h
wm.r
p.ns oflndr., p.lbrrtr,
Af8hnii.a,
Tecomellr uidulota (&qb) sma4 An. Mas
Nd. r,si_ sa.3, t0:30. t862;
Ch.udhri & Chonar, V.g, Rdg. Ft. Thd
deen, 46. 1966i y..r. Nqir, t, c. 5.
Bighnia ukdttot4 Rdb. Ft. tnd- 31 t}t .1g32.
|
2,
A-C.
Fi,&llt|Mlla tndtlda
p?ot ch,[email protected]
Tei
in
gaqing in
llsildon
wirh
[email protected]
ie
urt tzrladenio
s$dy pt6in.
|,ll. LqvG! 1.5-9.J x 0.8.2 cn, ttMoht+.ltiptic, ru8in @dutsr.j
p.rioL 618 om long. l.flor!.qE l|.m, co.dcn5.d. Ft('rs p6dic.
rq oMgc{rd.
upto J m
Cob[! Iob.s suboibicutr,20-25 x 2E-]2 m_ Srm6s c, 38
roSi st minod. |GIT hn tqg n.tc[ Ov!ry til*. C.F!t. tina{6to.g,
Calyx 12.13 hm long,
m
sli€hdy cufrd,
bed!4 @npr.sn, wiised.
SFdftn dudi.d: N€!rFo*r., sdy d6.!r-N!gdFr*r.
c.i 5
i
llrr wirh
Disrdbo&d
ii
tus!
ioh Id prd
vilt.A.
r!€
ffow6, z -3-2c{5, ZdnM,,t & /iM6EE(KjH\.
India Prlisre! Afgoisl&L tm od An!i.
F,.olo!h.l ror.| cFs tlqbrty jr
s!!dy pt.in3.
Flowciing Fdod: F.btu.ry.Scplenbcr.
5l
2.3.7. BORACINACEAE
Ulully
her6s or lhrubs
r&ly tE6.
t
6v6 sinpt.,
ah.ec E
oppqllc. llow$ in
h.licoid6 tud rorpioid ctnres, Scrak
md Frals 5 ..ch, Strods ,, cp,Ftatous, C,.p.ls
2, syn .rpoos; styt
$nobssic or rcminatj oi!ry sup€rior, 4-rob€4 2€lt.d or 4{ettcd
duc
A
1o
f.l* Fptu, {vul.
e!.h eU. Ftuh uu.lty of4 NdGb.
of c.l30 geneE Md c.2300 sp.ci.s distribured
world wjdc, apei.tly
I
feily
in
ii
iroDi6.
XEY TO THE CENERA
ARNtrBIA
Ct&te in Hoot. I, fl, Brn. Idd,
Prl. I 9l : 65. l9E9;
Zhu
I6:344.1995_
hqrb
J.
Nsi.
wirl sihpl€, [email protected] Evcs. ribweB h
ofc.2j speis, mint, [email protected]
followinS specics occud
y.
in E. N$n & Ali, Fl.
c+lin8 in rheld Pi.dt&Rodolf [email protected],
fl. Chin.,
A hispid p€rcnnial q @d
qrpioid clnq hetccrylic,
A,gcnu
41 176. t 883i
iD
or
in N.
Ani{
and
c ed
SW, Asia, Th.
egioD,
An.bia hkptdissi,,l{ (Lr)@.) A. Dc. in
Dc' pbo. r0: e4. 1846; chaldhri
v.s Ras. Fr. Tlf dq.d, 47. r 966i y.J.
Nsi.l.c.65.i t7. !o.
::hun4,
hkpi.lB,itu L.hb. Ion, Nov. Ship.
I : 23. r. 19. | 821,
tO cn ral.Lqv* [email protected]
, a4 xl-1.5 on\ b$al l{v6
l&8e,lnflo6ece upb 18 cm tonE.
FtoweF bright ye[ow: [email protected]
4.4-7.r(-D mto.
LarJA rob.s +9 m ton&
a.qut. Ii,Enuaht..
. _Lithosp.tu
aiirtl+.r.mial,
upto
Comlt
ous,de, ov.tc. Nurrets
r.r-r.7e
",* -",0,,,*
r.*,,,jllj,ji[1L:',
".
52
sp..imen studi.d: Ksbo, r7-3-ZOoJ,
[email protected]
561(KUIJ)|
[email protected]
r,^Njhd hius, t5.9-2004,
O][email protected]€3-2oos, z,[email protected] & 1tD7o9
KIJH).
208(KvH);
Distibuled in India, pa&ist r, AEbia ed ES?l (N
dd E [email protected] )
Ecologic.l Eote: crcws connonly i. good d6ina$
soit in dssociorion
Pe"te".ha, Atpho.lets
shrubs su.h
tneNi'
[email protected]
nsat
,,4tuga,6 atuE6
s &rra,id ,€rrr, 4d Zaphu n,Dd,teia.
sirl
and
zdle)z
wi& t&8!
FloNering p€nodr Daenb€FAprit_
COLDE}'IA
L,SpPl.
125.
l75l;Ccn.pl.5.56t. l754jy,J. Nsir,t.c. 18;rrnuceli,gin
H.nld Riedl & Rodotf Kmetin, Lc.3l7.
PmsFat , brech.d hqb with m.ll
l.!v6. Ftow6 whin o. y.rlow, qitt.!y. Cltra &d
corolla 4-5 lobed kh, St neos 4-j,
Ovary 4ne|ed wirh 2 ovuhs rD sch. Frui
urudl, a
dry dtuF ofa tob.d, r*e€{!cd p)@Es
A Seru wilh c.2l sp€.ics, nairty
dislribur.d in Eopiol ad luoEoplcjl
Cot.aenta procumbens L.,
Sp. pl. t: I25, I 7j3j y,J, Nai,
L c,18.
Zhu crlirs in Hdtd Ri.dr &
Rodotf Km.tir. t_c.33u.
Pmcumbenr herb, upro
3l cn lo,g
t5,
E.I;
Lsvs slb6ssitq I040 x j- t 5 dD! obov.t
sbobru.; Fliot.3_? hn lo,g, Colla
4-hb.d, lobes obluse c. 1.2
nh ros. CorcI. tob.s l_i.5 m tong obore.
DqE prtur(,lt in shsF. FyEn*
r.
or
hoE.
obron& [email protected](id,
tdk4
pubeoloB.
SFdDd
srudied:
Budhe d.n ,263-2rI/5, Zanmud
& ,tan ./l1 (KUHJ.
Dis[ibuied in Sril,rta, I.di!"
Chin , p{i6ra, , Afric!, AuG.]6
, N ed S. Aedo.
Ecologic.t not.: Fairty conmon
lloseing period: M&cll.Aueqr
in rhe nuddy soil
ned rh. dins,
CORDIA
1., Sp pL l90.
l7t;
cen, pt.5.84. l?54iy, J, Ndi!,
L c.5;Znu C.nin8 in
Hdtd Ricdl & Rodorrooctio,
Lc.129.
Tre6 or l6rge shrub wiih attern
!c ro sub{pposjle tov.s. }tow.6
io spiL, @ne or
cyh.s, Calta 3J tob€d, Comla 4,5
lob€d. Slfunen! atten.te ro rh.
lob.s or .quat,
8,Style [email protected] d,vi.tcdj ov.ry
sihrlc. rdir
a
t
{..d€d dnF.
5l
W.ftcr rcgioro of both rhe Wortds.
nn
Codid
Cor.lid
l-
nsis
Lxn,I|ust. r: 42:..No.
ghatuIEhhb..*
t9t4. t7e2
Ascn Sitz-bs. ces. Nrturt Fr.unde 1879; y,J.N.sir,
c.6.1 L A-E.
Snall tree or larSe shnb, uFo 9 o rall, Leav.s subopposu.,
2-10 x 0.5,4cn, oblong,
elliptic, oblnceotdt .tn0oesence diuary
cynos. Cdr 2.5-3.5nn long, cupdulaic,
pubcsnt.Coolta 4.5-5 @ tong, *hirg lobcs
ligutalc{blu5.' Eflexcd. Sllnd c.3
long; ce.ted, altchaling tc lobc!, Styl. i.minat,ton8,
2-todcd ; 0nlh€6 shonty
exserl.d, Ovary ovoid_ Drupe cli!6oid with
sricky putp, I {ce{.d, @dy moE.
Sp€ih.n sMied: Mei go.d- N,ga4,[email protected], 2o3-ZOOi, Zfuodd2lr
(KUm.
m
sF.i.s glws
in
Srilaik., tndjq pltistan dd A6bia.
Not t
aordia sn'ru.fl9otssk .) EhFnb. cx AEh. bd [email protected]
&opDo a! a lalid tuftc b,
rafti(r966} [email protected](r970); sr.wn (19?2)
ad N6i(r9s9) .The [email protected] ws eNnousty
tit*d on Cona [email protected] t, FL AeSyrri.Arlb.95,
1775. FoBkdh6nev€r used
$s nme. Ho*ever, he dscribcd ihis sFcies $ Com6 [email protected]
,
nwc
'[email protected]
by 1., dd gEpt B Eporr.d ro bc a vedculsr
nmc_ H.nix & Friis. (lg4) h!v.
coftdly adopted rhe otd6r nmc of Lmdk( 1792) whhh
ws fo owed by [email protected]
(1997)
lld
hcludcd by
Chruddhry (2ool).
c.ti,g
Lrlret
(l?92) eporred rh. sFc,6
tirn
[email protected] bur not
cl at. (l 99J) in ftom of Chir!.
[email protected] &t€: Commo. on Oc bills slop.s
ed lhe ptdins in ssociarion wir! dif.ftor
s*.ies such 4 Capptuis deeidra, Calraba
[email protected], crevio [email protected], prcropi [email protected],
[email protected] *regal dd Acacia
"ilotXa
FlowcrinS Friodj Septemba"Novenber
HELIOTROPIUM
L., Sp Pl. I 10. t753; Car, pl. 5. 61, t?54jy.J.
Nsjr,
l, c. r8 I zhu CFling
i.
Hahld Riedl A RodolfKdnetin, l.c. 338.
An €@r ro pGa!&, hliry, mu.l o. padni.t,
herb wie dcmar., .ntic lqvcs.
Ilowets in rmhd oi uiltary, eoeiod. oyoesi
b,&tedt!. ovary 4-ce ed. Frui 2.4
;,ffi:1,Jffj;:T;ffi"-o
*0,.,
.,-, ., ** *"
I(-EY TO THf,
SPECIES
E"t["r,"ptn to""ilr,,r_
r^-^,.
^.Ac8ypr.AEb.
- -" f'
c 4l.l |l, t-N
.,
fcrerDj./. peuhbcnr
hcr6,
tl_rr ^_ - ,,
---
-
<l
tB.
'7ru;
Y
.i N4n, i.
-
;**m*jmm*:.li:iffiHil:[
..:,;,iJ
**,r*._;,til.*::,,fi
ff",,1"ifl
,iru
::':;zeaizd
,TtrlTilT;fr:iffi"ff"'"*''nn''
'"t'*
nuoo-
^r.
ilff :J:1 Tf
6 5
4 K u H,
h
*',
o,'* .r
^u,.**
r.
^,*,.
5J
[email protected]
cn r!I, .tcnFty hi.sute or sLigo$; ,1em cylind.icrt, bErch.d_
x O.3j cn, l&@olare, sessiL, negi, cflspy, undutaG,tnooEscaa
h€rb, upto 48
Ldves sihplc 1.5.2
2.5i cn lorg. Catta penisr.nl, tob6 ov.r.{blorg, obtu., hNr.
co.oth tob.s 3.J
hn, un'ruki!.. AnthcF baifix.d,.. I nm long. Srylc a€.t; sdgna
@nical. Fruit
subgloboc, oa 4- rult.rs, snoorh,
SF.in
n
studi.d:
N.8!rp&t 1om,[email protected],Zonmd :/06lKUt
.
Distibuted in Senegat, N. Airi.., ABbia. Middle
E6r, India, patistln dd Afghabtd.
[email protected] !o&: Cos in s.dy stinc
@s.
Floscing penod: Jeury-Aprit
Eeliotropiun curassarbsm 1.,
G.L
Olabous, percnnial he!b,25-45 cn
1.
Sp.
, Leavcs
Shbbur, [email protected]
pt. t30. l7j3j y.J. N6ir,
t. .. 23.
I
6,
succulenl1,2-4 x 0.3.0.8ch,
uDally wirh te unienjar. flowcG, upro
6 cE
pcsstenq bb.s leeolsre, 2_2_5
nn lorg. Coolta whit , grsDus, rob.s I
obne-uodula&, tube shorr_ AnrheE
s.ssil., 0,G0.8 cn; sljgma conrcdl wirh
rin& Nuttc$ [email protected], c.2 m long.
Specin
.
studicd: Xad.jhor hilt, lplo
2j cn
tttL, 17-3-2003,
(KUH).
ZMonn & Stuat
246
Disrdbured in pakisllr, Indir, N.
Africa ed Auslratj!.
EoloSilf !orc: Usuly Brews in sardy $linc ptaim
i, aj6oc6rio. sith Cresa [email protected]
f lowerinS p.riod: Meh-April
E liotopiun ophit glossun
[email protected] ex, 8ois., r.l. of 4; t45, t875;
y_J.
N6n, t c.2i.
Shdb,
t6. M.p.
upro 45 cm tali $.d qer.sub.Ec!
bsally btuchqi;
strigose, inrerniDgled with sDaU
hai6,
[email protected]! up lo 20 cn long,
tav., [email protected] iFic, l_3.j x 0.6t.3 d.
Flo*e6 misfti.tc, sslile. Catyx tobca +
3,5 mh long, dcciduou!, [email protected]€,
sLigo*. ComU! whir.; tub€ 4 hft torg,
h.iry oursidc; tobe @M.-suo6curc, @nulr&.
Antne4 crongrlc, slyld shon; sligna
exsned, bifid.Irun bbcd, iL'ttets 4.
specintn rudi.d:
Endenic to Sindh
K.ojha
hirf ,20_]-2.{s,
[email protected]
&
[email protected]
250<KUH).
ed Soutla Baluctisra,.
56
Eofogicrl notc: oeuN
Flowedns pcriod:
on [email protected] ae.s
y. r.Nai.,
Kmctin,
Pcmial,
s.tu
italha a
4 SeM
D*enbs_M.st
Hellonoplurn stlgosum \Nilld.,
c. 49j
fEqudtly vi|l
Lc.
t, c. 25. f, 7.
Sp.
pl. I i 743. 1798i chaudlri
& cbutte, l.
c-L; Zh! c.-ting i, Hantd Riedl & Rodotf
t39.
18-28 cm,
sst
loll,
[email protected] beb; sr€m !ppE!s.d h!q.
nn. .cure. [email protected] .ynosc, betioids.
or somdimcs
Lqv.s s.sit., tin.s-tec.olare, 6_30 x 2-4
b6c1or., row bE r, [email protected] 2!rn,r p.dcb
upio 2 nm roDg . c!!a
:r:T
rob.s le.eolate, 2,5-3.5x2.3 m ,
Corcil. lobd ,€lto*, t&@laresrigsEric ring
proninc Nu!e6 4, da* bD*I,
Sleinlr nudicd: N€r.p€,r4, eb&,, Oharv &
[email protected] H6ein, 4t2OlKUni
Merr!.rlsr plaiN,
Distribuled
Zd,@,r' & [email protected] 245 (KUH)_
i., tndi4 Myams. pskist4, Neat, Arrico,
MaiaysE
2o.l_03,
Ecologicrt [ote; cDFs @sionsly
llow.riig
on rhe sd{ty
plai6 dd
{d
the
Aus&alia.
hiu!.
pe.iod: Janu&7_AFit
Eeliorfopium subut
25: 166.
t!r,
l|rothsr q DC.) vdre in 06r{r_B0r.
I87t;Cbaldtri&Chuiur,t.c.50; y,J.
Nljirl..,46.t
z.ir.hr.
P.Emiat
hcr6, 30 j0 co rdt, 6rcn br&ched,
slrigos hriry Leav6 lec6l.n, eliptic,
l-6 x.0,t1.5 ch ieludi,g
Friot , hdutato, Inflo,[email protected] ! arno.l, €rn.. fton6
ui3erirr.,s$ik, carnpbul.b, Cltra
lob$ 3 x I.2 Dr,, @csld,t, hairy outljd€,
Corclla tdtow, nlb.34 nh, lob.s
l-j m, *umiDare. ADrheB c.l ho long. Sdgns
.pF€$.d h.iry. Nudcts ovoid, bom,
'hr,
4, 2-2,2
t2_A-F.
on [email protected]
Mirti-N.s.ry&t{, 26-9-t910,
Oaiw 3795 (KUH); [email protected] hiits,
t9.3-2003, zadd.rd 232(K]rn{,.
Dttribui.d in pltisra, tndir ed
N,
sp.tind
sfudicd:
Afrie
mt": sFde
_E:olct"r1
[email protected]
foud
otr rh. pr.ins .ton
avnn L.pa.r.,ia
wotur,iq,
nd r\e [email protected] ad on th. hilh ii r$ocilriun
wu @nnon ihobi
[email protected] sd Cqpni, d.eidra.
i_e
Floeri.g Friod: Novhh.r-April.
57
Heliottopium suptnun L., sp. pl. 130. l75li chaudhri & Chune,
l.
YJ_ Nair, l.c2t.I6A,F,
Ah.ur, prcstrarc, upro 20 ch, 16ll hctb, Lav4 c iptic l-2 x
c. 50i
0.5-t .6, pubesot,
[email protected]{.; Ftiot. upro lj m ton& Flow.s uisiac, wbir.,
C"lra
p€histenticcEscent in foit Coblh tobe,
c.3 m long, nary outsidc. Anrien I m,
ron& Nurl.t ovoid, glal&ur, dcto..d by
$c qtra.
SFdhcn studied: NagMrtd, rbedia Ati & [email protected] aal5,
44t6(KUF).Nagu&[email protected],
grcyish whil€r
26-y1970, Qaisq [email protected] A.
all,
18-l-2003,
[email protected]
&
/r.2, A6,i,4080(Kt
H.),
X.fujhs
hilt, uplo
co
[email protected] 227(KUH).
Di$ibutcd in Irdja p,lisr&, AFbi., IFq, Sh6,N.
[email protected] &d $.EmF.
Ecologicrf not : Crows in fi.e soil in ssoci.tion with
cordia siwtuis,
.llicdw, [email protected] /.pN nd on $e hit!, in .lsiltio.
Caryntit daidudd Cordia sjtuNis.
Flowering
15
Trichoderha
wirh tal8. shnb6 srch
s
Fiod: M!rclFAprit.
TRICHODESMA
R. B.,
trodr
Ft. Nov.
Ho .496.l8l0,Non.CoG;
hng in Hedld tusdt &Rodotf
Kmetin, l.
y_
J.ysi!,1. c.8?;
Zhu Ce-
c, 415.
P.Eoid h.rb wirh
hirpid hriB. Low3 atrqna& arld opF$i1..
Itowe^ i. terniMl,
r&ene of etiiary. Calta accl*cDl
in tiuil. AnthcN @miv.nt , lpic.Iy euhinare.
Ovary 4lob.4 sryl. sl.ndci Nudc6 gl.bnu.h.iry,
[email protected]!ruso*.
A
genus
of c.45 sp€cies, disEiblrd
T.ichodesna
a.fli.aruL.,
Annul or bi.nnd he.b.
rcgjons of rhe Old wortd,l
ott rnun G)
Ciaudtui & Chuna,,
Eorago
i, ropj.al dd wm
R. Br., prodr. H. Nov. Holl_ 496. l8l0;
L c. 49i y.J . Nsir, L c. 90. C 2J.
A.c.
Sp. pt.
l0j0
t:
cm
l3a.
nfi,
!r , ov.Ed qth
pricUy n
,gN hliu
uFo 2
m
ka\., sesitc. $mptc. atkmate, oraelan.fttsa, t_?
r 0.2.2 !m, ru,sos. hispid.
Flo\6 dillary, etit ry pcdjet l_5 cn ton8. C.lla
rong.
m
tob6 o
toD& &cEs.€or
Corclta hairy, 15-20 x 3-5 mn btuish"pinls
or whiid btue wnh reloyish- [email protected] c6te.
58
An
'.6
eloiSaad, de.sly h.iry. Style stcnder; niSm obscurc. Nurler
3
m
bng,
Ktujhtu hiu s, ta-9-2003, Zahd,rd 363(KVH); Repur, 20-3-2003,
z'Modd 244|KUHJ, In 5!n0oEr cuhivlr.d fictd in ou_jcw&dio,
26-j_05,
Specim.n sludied:
Zanaltud & AIanTOj (KUH).
Foud in Indi4 pakiskn, Afghoisr.n,
Ecologic.l botot Cbm @nnonly
Flow.rin8 period:
[email protected]
lu,{abja
&d N.
ahe_
plai6 ed rlc hjth @ong lh.
on th.
&?s.
&ptemb.r,
23.8. BRASSTCACEAI (CRUCII ERAE)
[email protected] anual or Frennial he$s wiih
sidpt. or allcmlle lqvds. nowers in @en. or in
@rjmb' S.pats .!d porats 4 @h. SrlneB 6, Ln&lynmo6.
Catp.ls 2, [email protected];
ovrry sup€(or, 2,celtcd due io fais $pium.
Ovul6
Fdily onprG6 c.350 g.n n &d
m 0E [email protected] h4ilpheE.
c, sp€.ies,
t.hor Irui siliqu.
disfib .d
in Fmpene r€gons
e{Eciely
FARSf,TIA
TuF4 Di$. Fats.ti4 t.
I l. t?65; J.fii i, Nor6 kor. Bol. C!rd, Idin.22:209-
ih Nsir. &Ali, FL paL 55: I08. t973; O. Appel
sd t-A. Alshehb&
in X. Kubnzli dd C,B.yca F.D.&
C.n. v&. pt.5123,2003.
Diffscly h&ched.lrN6 srite. tinc&,
oblons. Flowes a ooei eDtub.ic
[email protected]:
shod Fdiellai.. Perlb tongq
$m slpats, Ovary I O_40 owtcd, hairy,Fruit siliquae,
A genls ofc. l0 speci.s, foud in S.
W. Asi!, CenL.l ud N Africa, Indi! qd p*isran.
216.19t7;
FaB.tla hanitton
Chut!r,V.g. Reg.
212.
l!b,lii.tj;in
Ft,
Roylc,
llutr.
Thd d6en. 69,
Fl. pak.l.c.l I l.
it2.
Hinat, 71. 1834; Chaldnli &
j Jrfri in Noics, Rot Bor
card. t.c.
Bo1.
t
E-F.
Sunrut'@*. upr.60cn Ell.
Lev6 tO,65 x t-5nm hdiry, (uc. enrft.I row.a
shalt,
prr otuge q otug..qiliti$i p€dic.h 2-4
mn. S.plts t{ r I nn. pc6h :liStuty
ror8.r u'e Fpits. Siliqu&.onp6cd
with omw cds. s..dr uriseriat
, l-3 hn
59
sF.in n sndi.d:Mg,rpata,
26-tO-1910,
eairt, Cttfor & Ab/@ Hsain
3910(KUHI Na€rarp€r*d, Anniaat d gorh, 40 cft, lall, qo.dy,
Sed lmn tong 16_9os,Ztna/tud & Adit 325 (KUH).
End.nic L 0E d.s€n @s of India
and
p,tisbn.
Ecologicll Dote; Fli.ty onhon or hd,
Crl,,i ,ararr whik fEqlenlly on th. hills.
rbking
wei
phjs
wjih
cbr./,ro ,,/,.dan sd
pqirdr Aueusr-Serr.nb€r.
2.3.9, BURSERACEAE
shrubs or tEes *i1h resi. duds o,
en,ric oil. t .ves uurlly alt hat€, 8e,e6|y
@npoud or ddohpound_ Ftow* etirary o psrle;
ui or bi*xu.t. &pab l-6,
6uauy fec. Die anulq or cupule or a!s.rt. '.
slaD.tr 3.12. ClFb 2J, synclrpouq
oy{.y 2-5,cellert, dh cc 2 or @ly l-ovlled.
Iruit l-5-!eeded bcrry or dnpdcsus or
A lDily of c.t7
Seners
ed
c,540 lpeci6 d,stibuL! in tropiql Egions
of bod &c
COMMIPHOf,A
.rdc{. Hod. Schoqb.2,66,
AIi, Ft. pak.26: t. t9?2.
Shrub or
rE
r
249, t?97i @n. CoN; Abcdin &
Alih E N6i. &
alr.hrtq @nFoun4 usulty t-3 foliohre
tarq leicb ssitcsbs$ne. Ftowm $titary o 2.5 ctsr.Ed
in pdict6; ui or D,*xua! ssnc !o
sbon
Fdic.llac. S€pah dd p€rk 4 c..h, Srdners 8,Ov.!y oyoid,
wirh
sssitc,2-4 celled. Fruil a
A gens @hprhes c.185 speje, found
in ropiat p&r, of prljsrra Indid
Arabia dd
Sou$en Afiiq. On. is nom ou
cgioD.
Conniphon ttightii (An) Bhdd&i
in Bu . Bor
sw.
rrd. 6: 32?. 1964;
&AU,l. c.3. t t. J-e.
[email protected],on vishtii Am. in Ann.
N.r, HtL 3: 86, I s39; C ,rt i (Hook. q
Slet!) E gt. in DC, Monog_ ph.n. 4:
12. I883i Chludltri & Chutl! V.g,
,
Rdg.
Ft.Th&d.$ft.51.1966.
Abedin
60
$trff":';
*i ::,,,r
0,",.r,,
E*ull;#*'r*'--,qfrffi
**rffi;::::::::
,ni,,;a,,*tr*,**?H*t*
Pa-;;ffi*'-'**
CADAAA
[email protected]
^n,0.,
ur.
iiii.T;:.*:;g
;1;;. _*
[email protected] h.d
Amual or
wirh
Fdol.n, sinpl€ or ptmcly loh.d lcavs. IloweE ir
bretea!€ or enednes ebbd€are
@h..
lsualy pedielale. S.pal! ed
rEtlli 4 ..ch. Aodrcphorc &d SJeophoe preeor.S1,n.ns +12, n.c, Frui ! capsut.
Flow€rs smau,
A scnus of c. 200 sp.ci.s, disrribured in $e nbpical
O.ly l0 sFcGs aE found in prkisra. On
t
found
dd
sufiroprcal pair ot rhe world_
i, ou csro,.
Cadobo lotinosa FoRsL,Ft. Aerypr _ Anb.,
6E. u75; JaAi,
snbsp. lotinba t.3.8_
Mu.h [email protected] shrub uplo
tc,
r
2.
D hign; [email protected] sleDdcr r.rv6 obtonS{v{e 4-j0
x 2-lO
m, burd.d at rh€ a9.xj p.riote 2.5-5
lon& Itowc6 so. y !tO, afug.! in
sueo.y.bose r&cmc. Sepats: ourer oblong{vat!,
4_14
5
m
fl.lbh,
long.
less
&ulc. pctals
StMds
6uly
c0idic
@ty
obtons, 9_14
i
hm long, acu&, scatyj inne!
2-4 nn lone, Adrophorc 5 8 nm
crnophoE upro t5 m lon& Ftuir
nmwly cylindricdt. Sedds 2.5 hn &bss,
coverd with o6ge Iesh.
sFcies fowd in trdi4 p.kjsla!,
AEbia,
5.
4.
20_50
l 3, 4 hn!
Eg)?t and Tbpical Africa,
spccimd studied:
Kmjh,
hill,, t+g-20(l. [email protected] d S4o (KVH).
Ecofogicaf mt€: Coohon on dE
hills sloFs w id\ (:[email protected] [email protected], Euphofiia
cadkilolia t d CoMjphora,i8htii.
Flowoine pcdod: [email protected]_.Scp&hbcr
ao
n
CAPPA.RIS
501 tT5licen.pl j.222 t?r4:Jafri.t.(.aiL.E
:. o
-. . ci'Db.r
[email protected]
halt ue' Lcrne
Kqs,t...so
or pcqr
onty on rorg rwBs th oc), Floq.u
&y or in l.minal ncene, coD4nbi
[email protected] bur [email protected] S.pds dd
+t crh. Sl.mms j-20. onm md.finrk.
Cynophorcs tongssbncnc. ()laD wnn
2-lO
ovur6. rrur bcny wirh feqbollysds
sor
rEy,
ar
Flk
A saN ot
c. 250 speiB, dirribuic{i in
lhe ropics atu sur,ropjcs of both ric
hmisph.E lnd I sP€cics h ErDn d
frch rle
srudy
@.
Capwis d.cidr.z (Fo6sk) Edecw
in.,. LiM. [email protected] aor.,6; r84.
Ch,udlri & Chua.r, Veg. Reg.
Ft. fte d*n. 54. I e66; J.iii,
t. c. I L
Sodada
1862.
de.idralo$sk, Ft. Ae|lpt-Arab, 8l.t?75,
62
FiA. t4:Coppris de.ntuat
Ftwct
d [email protected] [Fo 5 n r.tt witn 3piny b|4lFi r..6 lppat on
,oung n $,
[email protected], +20 x l-3 nr .p.x 3piny: $b6csilq 3ripks t-6 Dm lon&
[email protected] rrE
I.0ortsic.
coryhbcc willl f* 10 @y floweE4 .h&r.rG, Ilow.6 b.ict-r.4
trllowiCr ofug. 6 pintq p.diccth.. S.pot, t-t x j{ M, d!&.obld& pcd! .qut !o
eFl. swnm! 10-15. cynoptbE t0-lj nn tdg. Or.iy 2 nn
lGl5 nn rcBi Ed, ghbmu. Se.ds 2-5 hn ii diucrer.
sFcinEr 3idicd:
(,djhl
Bdhe,
2cr0-r9?0,
r.w.
Fdii budc4
ede & /[email protected] [email protected],
4tO, (KUH)I
hilh , 14.9-2004. [email protected] 54 | (KUH)_
Dbribur.d in l.di., pald s, Ahbi., E$/prmdN.
B.olotiarf fo&: Spci6 gtls drtugtFu
d Et4,hdbt'.ad*ihtia q tlE hi E
Topic.lAffh.
dE ESid3,
ona *id
Cetuna
fuiw
FlorcrinS Fdod: F.bru..y- S.Dtcnb.r,
CI,EOME
L. Sp. Pl. 6? t. I 753; ccn, pt.j.lo1 t 7J4; ,.&i, l. ..
K.8, t.c.4t.
Amul b FE.n n!.b, Lqv.r str.rnai! , dinpl. or lobcd . Flow.6 in bncr..tc
or
.b.*cre r.eGi smlt 6 n.dio.F. S.?.b .itt Ft h 4 ocb, AndroDl,oE e.l
g]DDntr FEdt setim .bh! Sr.md .|.12, fE C.r6dG
wilt lmy s..d.d.
A gdus of ., 200 [email protected]!, disribured in the ropiot sd 3ubropiclt p.m
of rh€ wodd,
Only 2 3Fci.s
G r.Ficd
tion rh. sldy
20j L. E,
d...
6l
KEY TO THE SPECIES
Clcon b.achycrryoV. qDC. prcdr,,I:240, t824; Chludlui & Chu[&,
l. c, 55; Jatri, 1 c. 23. t 4_ F-c.
Asur or F|mia( 35-50 cn r.ll $.n bse oi.n [email protected], eh.ln6
d{unbo!
b.eched, pubcsqr t4aves ssilcp€riolct sin lc, j-5
foliobr.; lqfl.G j_20 x 2-8
,
m, [email protected] or obtong. Flowds ,cltN, [email protected] p.dicel filifom.
S.p6ls 2-3 x
I nn, [email protected]&, hairy. perds twie
the l€.8rh ofscpars_ shn4 6. CFophoE
I nm lon& [email protected] Fruii obto.g witti d.nk, gltuduts
hdf; Sscds [email protected] studhd: [email protected]& hiu s, t6-9-2004,
SFci* fohd in
Trcpicat
ZaMrud
5./s (KUHJ,
ad N. Afna &d nostpdns ottn Asia
Ecological bote Sp.cies s6 al foor hi
, ud thc phjru io ssi.don wiib D,:g4a
h*icata, Jwticit vdhtii, [email protected] ,epeN
ud crwhdroptts Amndra.
Flowding penod:
Mfth-S.pchbq
Cteome vircosa L.,
C. [email protected] L,,Sp.
Sp. pt, 612_
l?53; ,!fri,
L o., 23,
pt'91a- 1753.
Amual, hdb, t540 ch rall wirh
tud wi$oul Sloduls haiB. lrov.s 3_5
foti €,lc{flcrs
elliplic, oblaralat, obova&, O.t4
O,j_2.5 cn, oddlc tonSer rh.n lar.hl.
x
InfloBen.e
GIoDgarEd
whir.j r.di&ls G2O
nn
@ha,
b6cr.st .
Fto9s c,
lj m ir dim€r.r, y€ltow !o
[email protected] foti&ou!. S.p.ts [email protected], 3-6
x r -2 hn,
htiry. P.r?b 8.15 x 2-4 rr4 obtolgjbovate,
S&he6 lGtz, ,Dallo rhe Frrts. fruib
10-75 x 3-5 nh, tine{kbtong,[email protected]!
obtiqudly striarc,
[email protected] sfidi€drN.g.rFdc, [email protected]
X,fujhr hitt, .. 25 cm bn, ho!, 2?-3-2005,
ronSj
CoMon sp{i6 of lrcriet rgiom.
Ecologicst [ote: FouDd in uE pllins
&d ft the foot hill! duirg t!. Dosn i,
ts$cttrtd *irh Diq.ru nuic,t., Jlaticia
whlii, [email protected] npe^ ild cmandoFit
Flow..ing p€riodr Meh,Aueuri.
CI'NANDROPSIS
DC., Proii. t: 23?. 1824; J.frj, l. c., tZ.
Annull or peFnri.t hed with 3_7 foliate leavcs, Flow.N
in t miDl
foliaciou [email protected]; F!ielt.r!. S.pds ed pc6ts 4 €ch.
[email protected] as
gnophorc, with I0 sranens, rruft
o dclt$irg c{Ful..
4 smallg.nds<omprisibg<.2
spc.i6. onc B dpon d hoD ou rcgion.
Gynand.oruit gMddra lL) Briq in Ad. consp..
,ald. Bor. ct&vc, t?:
3E2,l9l4iJof|i,
Cteona
L
c,20.
&nadru L.,
Sp.
pt
,671 . t753
Alnut
upro 90 cm ra , h.rb; slen some
foliolaiej
laodr
ro,e.
I,6 x
O_J-3 cm,
h6
dtipric, !cur. o.
3ub€G! gt odutd tairy.
aqnina
ofseDals. ADdephorc
[email protected] s4cd,
Sp.cima studi.dr Naerarpdk& pt6ins.29-3-2OOS,
[email protected]
sper6 lound cohmonty ,n aopiqt
&d subhpicat rcaonJ,
f&logiqt mle: Crows abufthrtr auins
.osn
Flowering p€.iod;
M4n-July,
3_7
.,"".";;;;;;ilTXT,:;i
r!flor.'encc+ioc,i"",
'-roch
s.prls
ov.Ft{eohr., 2-8 nn long. p€r.b doubt. thc
k,grh
15-25 hD long. CgDopnor
8.20,E tog_ Cap6ulc
hitswitt Dis*a hwi.dta,r*tict"
rav6
:/60
dlrt brcm,
l_1.8
&UH).
oo,J,.
ed
ih'
stop6 orrh.
^d,"",h,^t"::#.s
""uu
2J.II. CARYOPFYLLACEAE
*"6
sinpr.
:1):::l
:T:l*ed pd!l:5
"* or4 each, t!e.
:u,,@ry,r.pdr
a lmly
N.
of
c
90
u.,
opposiE.
rb,6
qara or Ecry
[email protected] orM& thc nqb.r otFbls.
s.nd dd c )too sF.r*
oshJy dilt.ibuH
henispheEs. R.potud b' ihe tolowDg
Ccnus [email protected]
r
in
remp.Er.
ed
*fu
POLYCAR"TA
Nsr lsr 2:3, r. 25.
:I
]r
1.
"*
Fl. PAt. 74: 5l I986; V_Biftict!
I
_
& y.r. Nsir iD E.Nasi & Ari,
in tcKubirki, FD. & cfi,Ve pt.2:221,
,
193.
I
7e2j [email protected]
65
lav6
A
osudty
tir{
genus consisting c.
ro ovar. with
Ns4
slipul6,
ScDats
su.lty tongs $&
50lrcpiql dd subaophal sDecis. R.tesenr.d
Polyeorpea corfnbosa (L.\
& Y.J.
[email protected]
Lc_
ln,
Ir L
Cd
E crrt. z: 129.
by rhe
1797;
fo
owing
ch.aafr
52.
Acl,y.onthw corwbos L., Sp. pt.205,
1j53.
Slolirifdr enut,
brown.
Larcs
hcrb, t 5,30 cn raX , hairy ar ln.
b.s,
v€rv.ry, p!1. whic; s!.m
da*
x O.j m, sinple, [email protected], opposit eneriad h
whort, htE, &ur..
Flok* in bEoch.d cyoe; Sepals pato whit silvery, euiprc,
,
lcute, J-3.j x I x I m.
t tlls orbicular, tdcalar, Sranqs J, Siyl. 3-lob.d.Fruir b.oM.
S.€ds tddnsy- Iik
1.6
,
Sp.cimco siudi€d:N* Kalidls d.n,
Dbtibutcd
qdy ,hins,
n-9-2003,
Tmpiot p.n5 ofAfriq, Autrrlia, Asia
&d upp.. Indus pt,ins of pstisrr,.
in
tcologicrl mte: [email protected]
in
hdy plliB
,k
w!r.r
aod
zanm"d
334
KUH).
Aodis, @ty fohd
lower
bcds.
Ilotreringperiod: August_SepEnber
2.3.12. CELASTR,{CEAf,
TEca, sitobs or ctiDh.B.
cyhe;
Lov.s niputarc, 6inpk, opporE o, aremlle,
flow.6 in
b&xul or lniqual. Sep.ts ,L5, jnsqr.d
on ! dis. ter& 4-5, iroqr.d b.low
rhc
d60 0r so, stahens 3.5, tee.
i.ened on lhe disc, atlen$
sfncqpou3;ovrrys!Frio.,
2-5
cr,.O,** *U
ddpe. [email protected] uualy odospcmic,
A tahily ofo. 90 gen.d
ed
l3O0
**Urr.ltJ.ffiffi :
spqi.s, disi.ibu&d in roprcal ed sub&opiot
@s.
MAYTENUS
Molin4 saggiocniL, lT?, t782;Siddiqi
inE.Nsir&AliFt. p.k, 109j9. 1977.
-u.l,] sph, wnh srFnAre. q.sripsrail r*er. lrokN in uirr$y.
cynes. Ovary 2.3 a .d. 2{vut.d
'scrcukre
.€.h, Irun [email protected] or @iy
Stoboe.
^
._
:Tl T:
seeds
dithre,
66
Thjs gehus comprisd! c. 200 species, disEibuted
in lhe topical
Ad. bd AuslElia. R.pr.sot d in Nlg.rpa|ke by I spccics.
ed
subtropiel
Atic4
Maft
nus s.neerterLtis (LM.) Ex.0 in Bor. Sor.
BDL sa. 2,26; 223.
Siddiqi,
t.c.ll. t2.
F-t.
CelNnu [email protected],Lm.Frcyl.
A stull sized, spi.y
rree or
l9j2;
M.d aor
la€. shnb, wi$ rtin,
1:66r. l?85,
grcy bsrk, Leavcs gtabrcu, obovaie,
obldml.tc, tindjp!tutdq t-5 x 0.4-3 cn, IIoq.B
snlll ,D dillary, dicholonou or
fsiclkrc, ctne on shon hrscnbtl; btur l&aL&.
srFls e ipri€{blolg,
ciliate.Petlk obtong, Styt. 2-3 tobcdj
ovdy gtlbrols, orb,culd.CalEute gtobole,
biv.ldt purpt.. Se.ds chcnnu! bbm,orang..
sF.ino snrdi.d: N.g,rp&ta al May. drn sid€, nd godao
24_ |-2002, tunqar!
rrryd 85 (KUH); sddy plAinq 15-9-2003,[email protected] S2ttKuH).
&
Djsributed in Tropiql and suh.opiel
Egions ofAsia dd [email protected]
Ecologicrt not.:
FouDd
r.rcly o, rlE plaiis.
Flowcring psiod: Feboary-S.pr.mbd,
23. 13. CHENOPODIACEA.E
U-ull) hdophrlr. qrual or rEhlat hdb wilh
fl6ny sEN. @eB bulty al!.m&,
smpre Md n.sh). t,o\qs in spit.,
ra*m.s or p&icre cynei b&xuot or hire\ut.
sbneds Bulrr' man). csrpe* ,.r.
slncepoc. o\a'
'.
mos(, i.llll'
suFnor,
Iill
"'i'1*"'
t+Id.
t{vut€d. Fruit!nu d.
A @smopotiran
toily bul minly in des.n md midsn
hd rha l0O gda! ad c,trr.r..,.,
ircluiing orc cutrivat ! sp*i.s iD
^."r"r.r,.,
oui aEa.
;"Ti"i;I;:-:t
KEY To THE GINERA
67
CEENOPODIUM
L.,Sp. Pl.2t8.l?53;
ve.
Auul
c6. pt.5.lO3. t7j4; U. Kllln
pl.ll:253.1993j
Uorita
i. Ali & eaie,
Ft. tal<. 204:
13.2oot.
or shonlived peEnoid, herbs with
arguld $en
Flowc6 6nsu in spilctiLc panictes, clmcs
s.emcnb 6uly 5, fe or uir.d. sranens
A
in K,KubiEtj, Fm. & ccn.
genus
ofc.
ao auedai!, lEriolr& lejv6.
or ctustcad; cor&i.are, ses,te, p.rielh
6u y s, fre or conD& !r rh€ b!s.. !tun
150 spcci.s dishibuied [email protected]
tlE world, tuinly in subropicrl
trtrpical @giois. rhe toltowirg sp.ci.s
is found in rh. sludy
CheNIn
liul
nwate
dd
@.
L., Sp. pl. 219. t Trj; Uorit., Lc. 26.
[email protected], 10-60 cD torg;
i
4. E-Hr.
sr.n,lltovish gEe4 sEt d, l,{i.r_elabm6, !€av6
otivc
8r*n, leklsL, € ipti., ov!&, d.nr& 2_J r l_2 d; p.rotc
t-3 h. [email protected]
lemiml, dittaly, leafy cync_ Ilowes
.m.tc,
lsuly ten.l.
or biscxual,
p{i&th
egn€ors J,
Ovary [email protected] Foir, ourters, penae papillosc,
S.cds blactq m&gia acubty
SF.imen srudie!: Own jcw.diq 26,3-2005,
zaMn4d e 44h 722 (KUn.
Distribut d ii s md S. w. Alia
io N. Africa., C- ed S. Emlc.tnroduc€d
in orhd!.ns
Ecologiclt no!.: Ddrg dE hoMon
wnn
/MMthu
ei,idis n tla pt in6
p€riod
ptdr 8rcws &undan y in 4sociadon
ad [email protected] hilts.
Flowering p.riod: I,turch Apdt.
-
SPINACEA
L., Sp, pt, 1027,
t?5lj Cen. pl, j. a52.17j4
eutp.en,id wi$ pinutifid or pinnaris.ct r.av*.
Ftow.b i4 sessitc
.lu0c!q Dde in spitcs q puid6
ed fen.lc i! ei &, ctulreE. F.h.J€ ftow6:
penq$ e8n€nrs !bq! bn !eaL,
z-bra.l3 com!& eud
och [email protected] spiDy Ma,e nowc*i p.iierh
[email protected],
nd.hiqn! usuly spiny wiln venic.t s..ds
a smll sqq @npris ..3 3peie,
foud i!
""*""_;"il'iliT:Tlfll
@or!t ,ad
*d
As,4
68
Spinocea okncea
L'
Sp_
pt. 1027. r75i/ Frcit
e
tn Ati & eaisd,
Fl. Pilc
204. 52.2001.
bioni.t 20-60 co i.ll, dioecious herb.Lc.vs trimguld-h4lale sntie,
bsil
lsv.s cntia wnn bng Ftiolc, M.t. ftow.R with 4 @ty J
ldierh sgncrts dd
s&nens. tenale towe6 withoul
FdD$ egn nr !|Mgcd in ddse, qin.ry, F$itc,
Annual or
clusreK Fruitnuttcr, S€eds venical.
Specimo studi.d:oM-jcw..diq
[email protected] n .b
upto 20
ch ra
,
:26-3_2OO1J,
(KUH); KAbo ,26-3-2005, Zu,Md
72t IKUH:).
lmbably originar.d froE S. r.fazda Sr*,
in W. Asia culllvaicd in
71
8a,
71
8b,
71
zrnmtl
8c
wod
p.ns
of
Ecologic.l trot : cutriyared in N{g&pdk
toM, Ksbo od om -jcwdio dd
olso foud !! d c!c6p€ in t6s sun€
ledy d.s.
fl6w.ring Friod: M.eh - Scpllbbq
SALSOLA
L., Sp. pt..d. I:222.
I?jl;
C.n, pl. S,lO4. t7j4j
!Eib&
t. c. t27,
@ctio6 stul rtB wirh mlt, s*cuttuq !.s4, opposrc
o, atr.oar.
lqv.s. Flow€6 in rcha.y, qi[ar] or
clusL&d in lds or dcN spik bha1ea..
;
P.ri.Ith sgnhrs , sEIy 4, ${io6,
devetoping a proninw. msvee wng
in Auit,
Hedshrub,
stansns 5(-4), sreinode
@ly pl€gl.Ovary gtoboc. loii uncr.
A genJ,otc. l00rpeci.s,hainlldaribuiedhrheOtdwortd
Aokoh imtricata F6ssk.Ft AeClll-Anb.
5?.
l?/ri
[email protected], L c_ 157,
E.
t
28.
&,tuol, ,[email protected]'a (RftD. AId Scnu[)
Dddy in F.w_ ArdEs, Ft.
Egy!! Sudd, i:lll, tg5oich.udhri &
Chufii, V.!, Rtug.
Ft.
The
r966.
, lo|t srem covered win cuned. wdq b I ) mn ron&
haiR,
"t-:
:::r,*
&@ttstn. Nodutar.d. denrty btuchcd ,bov. Fto$.6 snn i
|4f tit. bracrs;
[email protected] 2. lerie$ sghats J, ,c,
ova,t+tigul.rc, l-2 x us_t.8 @. SIloos
5.
antit pllos, Ovary gtobo$ o [email protected]$.<t,
Fnit wia pc isrdt equ4
Fri&tn &gmenrs
s'lky. Secds *niglobul&.
69
sFcinen studi.d: Cuttivat d fi€lds in Ksbo, 23,9-2005,
Dislriburd in India, path!,, AfSheislan, Iro, Ahbia,
Irlougnour rh.
ho!
pins of rh.
Ecofoglc.f Dote: GDws
oleoitut a
dswdai
Za,a,!d
sl I (KU!).
Afnca, w.
ed
S, W.
coutri6.
wd4
in sdinc
[email protected]
in
[email protected], wit c.|aa [email protected], Sal,ebtu
iera.
Flotrrdng P€dodr Algusr-O.lober
SUAEDA
Fo6sk, D. E$4'I-AF!_ ?0, 1775
;FEit^C.t at., t. c. rt!'.
He|b b lhtub with md alLma1€, r€Erer
lenriculr, sub$ssit..*ssilc
t€miml spik or $lit!ryj b6cte.te. peridlh
sgn.nb 5 tEbaceur
Ro\6: irahds
5, Fchalc
flo*eE;
f4r'icosa
Fots$k.
srylc ahon or abse.t;
nign6 2-l
Ae. Fruil veniqt or obliqs with rhin p!p..y
!..c!.p_
A gflN of 80-90 sp.cies, rointy dt&ibured
in s.nd' codtsl
Suaedo
q.
J.
r.
Cn€lin in 1., sysr. Nal,
ll,
21
503.
Chlu(lltri & Ctudlr, t.o 58; Feirrg,
a a[, l.c. t07.i20. A,21.
,t rer, F6h!e hds bEnches drrr8 brek sh
3^T:
::r,
mod Lor$ r$rte. sco,enL tjner, lerk or obtong
l79l;
[email protected])
tud ila! 0.5_2 x O.l_J rm.
hnowence lminat, ,inpte or btuchcd
spjk . nowc6 bi*xuat ad f.hate.
Bisqual
[email protected]: Fidit egnenls j, @ndar.
l/3, socut.nr.Sl!
shap.d ,tun
n"*"",.;.;;;;.#os
a1e abovc.
".r" ovary
conn.c h.rr way, nomuccurcn.
cyrindricar.
rhdingblack.
.r K!l.h. sar, Mc..
'y. 824(K^-"
-r. zuv r..onotudi:l
/,:TT::
UHJ.
z
Foud iiDn CaF Verd. ht{ds
hdia b Srittut
Ecologicil
Flowciing
trore :
comon
!.rio!: Sepienbd -
in
io
Nonh Aarica,
etie $il.
Jduary_
5 ov'ry
ovoid,
pqr'
ovoid 10 dli!6oid, snor!
see&v'n'cal
ra.r.2uo1,
0r [email protected] lmooth'
[email protected] 2rs ,KrjH);
Ab!i., [email protected], Afghdisldn,
pal<islar,
23.14. CONYOLWLACEAE
Hcibs, shtubi or sodl
res, $mctin6 @ct
or
pbsr!r.. rav.s sjhpl., !l!.nare
or
@mpound. Flowe6 in cyDcs or
solir.ly elircnoryhic or zy8onorphrc. S.pals 5, n c,
FBisl4ni ltr.k 5, @.nar. Sr.dcn, 5, .piF|!to6, C&p.ls 2, sFcdpoui
ovary
suFrior 6uuy 2-4+Id, @h e[ 2{wted.
Ftuit [email protected] oFUt
A cosoopolihn
feit,
_
coDsists ot c. 60
g.n.b od .,1600 +ai6, n.inly
dist ibutcd
KEY TO TEE GE|{ER.A
coTwoL\,I]LUS
L., Sp, pt. lj3. t753;cq. p1,5.76,l
Tj4jch'efd
7. l9?9i F&g Rhui.hag &
.,
::,:,:..:::1.11,",:,"*.
iD E.
Nsir & Ali, fl. pak. t26:
C6.8! Sr.pls, Fl. Chiu. t 6: 289. | 9j,
bechcr occsion!) spi!, E.vs au€m.'e.
:imprc
inlt or axila,y .yi. 04
stvrc au8re, $ien{
n','*.."*,n,,"**.-.,;,;.;.;;';j.:ilf;
7l
i!
rd6
of c.100 !F.i.., .t'sihjaj thd€hd!
ESiol.. Only | !r.ci.3 @m in ih. [email protected]
A
Comalyyt|,s prostr'ltJ6 Follt
, Ft,
d. wld erp.chl,
A.&/pt. Ar.b. 20j.
r
in
lorqd.
z5i chirrrfr.,
L c.
23.t3,DG.
Fi&ttt Cotwleds Fro,rdrs: Ftov.t
P.l! ni.t hqb, t30 crl tong,,l!cmb. j isn th. brs, rugos .
tutvou, !omo!os€.
t
aaril., +t6 r 2-6 Dn, lin.., obtorS, ou&c.ol$.
!o [email protected], !ub..ut _
otr!.. Ftos6 t-j, 3.r.it in dithly todj hr.r. tilE, [iE [email protected]
S.Fl! 37
ldl8. Pdtls do{btc dE |.p.t. t6SdL St'F.,
a |oog.. d,.n srtc. @ny
3ubglobGe. 2+||d Fruit 24 s..d.4 3m
[email protected] Sc.(|3 btwn.bt&q &ir.ty whiE
.c
m
sFiM
Z'E
3tl.fi{: xetb- hif ta2l-tr2(f,2, zaireti 2qKWU K.!bo, j-9-2003,
rdf 3l,|(Kulo S.tuLot dd.rt ,,ar Ant!|bt
.!.4 rsr-2{x,3, ?Mrd
r
3r7
(KUH).
sleie. dtublbd.d fDn EsrF
10
ridi! tttrll8h Im
.d p.Iiw.
72
Ecofogicrf Dotq comonry on
bitlorc ud Chldis hdbala.
Flow.ring pcnodr
sdy
ptaiF witn crchlaia bbhia,
[email protected]
tdulry,&ptfi bq
CRESSA
L.Sp.Pt.22t. 1753;C.(pt.5,lOr.l754;Au$ininE.Nsir&Ati,t.c,30;M.D,
[email protected]*€ &
R Fosbqg b M.D. DMarltc,
Much btu.,hed, qdershtub wnh
@I, ssiL, GntiE
F.
Fl. Cey
(p.).
lav.s. rro*e$
I
:103. 1980.
tuI,
&$ile,
[email protected],cl6tered al rh. t minat,Colra
&d 6olla inflldibrlitom. Sryles 2, [email protected] frcm
op bei sri8nr [email protected] CaFut. 2-4 vltted.
S..ds 2 or 4
A 8c.!s ofc.3 sFcics, foqd i. rtE wmn
cgionr, Onry I sp.ci6 is kloM fDm
Cressd
cr€ira
[email protected],.dwd4 shNbl€t,
htualal<[lr,
L.,Sp- pt, t. 223. r 75t;
Asri4
30.
i
4. J_K,
pilose_ Leav6 clolcry
eeg.d, sesjl., ovale, lseohq
2.t.9 x l-6 hn sulcordate, e iE.
flowers temiut, cturrer!
rubBitc, whil.. C.lrr
toh.s oloid, 2.54
nh,long. iub. obtonS,
nn
tong, h.iry ou6rd., CoDlta lobe
d&. SEh4 qrd.!. Srrsnr eerd.
cerFd.a subd. Fru,6 spsulq.
oeoid_ t_4 m long.l.saded.
.ouenout study hily Egioo,
;1]"".::1f1ii**.*.
zawtud 04,132224, 8t | (Kl|l,{l.
ConEonty foud in rhc xeic
Ecotogicrl mtc: occuB
iD
roic.l
3din. [email protected]
Fiod:
.|-2002-20.e_2005,
r8
@d ,ub t opic.t @!.s of both
3,5{
or rrn.ix ov!.' 2-
!F
ar 6ud
hemispheEs.
rhe
,!s.
EVOLl'ULUS
L,, Sp.
pl.ed.2:391.
1762i
c.n.
pt,5,104,1?54_
& ceorge Sbrte!, Lc,275,
A6tir, L c.32j ldg Rhui{n.rg
Anual or tow Frquhl, po3lr .,
h.rb witn usu y snal, ahosr
lina, oliE leavcs.
now6 in arj ary, p€ducuhr. cIn€s,S.p.ts
6e. Sryt s 2; njgD. lor8 reEr., Ftun
catsui&, clobos !o oloid.
se.ds
s!lt.
A [email protected] of c, lO0 spe.i.s, nosdy
.ndenic to llle N.w Wodd. ftc
only ore Anentu
srFci.s nrtuGIiad jn Asi4
aho @cuR
in
N{garF*.r.
73
Eeolvulus abtnoLtes (L) L.,
B; M,D. Dlsen.yalc &
sp_ pt.
ed.z:392. 1762j Alsrin, L c.32.t5. A-
F_
R. Fosb.r&I.c. 309; F&g Rhui_cheng & Ceorg.
Sp.
pt . r: t5:, _ 17i3.
St pl.s, Lc,276.
Conotwl6 dsinidrsL'
adui, ending,
or soo.tincs
1.5-3
mn
pub.$c rqv6 slbsssit., ,curc, p!!esq! Ftow.u
$tir.ry
2 on very lon8, filifod
,.dbcl*, c. I cD ,N$. rDp.ls h,@l.r€, acut ,
herb,
long. Corolt. blue, innrndibuls.
Slytes
Specio.. nudied: [email protected]& hitk,24-tO_10,
(XUH)
N*
rsrid* {r.d,
wi$ 2{ten:,
g,ht, Ch.hd
2l-9-200 J, [email protected] 4t
Specio [email protected] in ho$ r.opidt od
suttrrcpic.l
Seedr
bl&k
& Abra.
Ewai,
3964
t{KuH)
ou .ic,
Ecologicaf notc: A e jFcies,
erees ne!, wlrer chmcts mo ns Chlo,is 6obdq
P.dalirh nwq, a d ong s6uah, ofi€.
il is foud in rhe pDt{tion of }tu&r6
FlokrinS !.riod: Februry-Ocbbcr.
IPOMOEA
I-.Sp. pl_ I59. t753; Cen. pl.5.4t9.t754j
Aurii.,l.c.r4; M.D, Das&ayat &
F R. Fo:b.r& l c.l|]. tdg Rtui{h48
& [email protected] Shprd r.c. rot.
Aquok
"hrub . drmb€r m t\in.r.Fto*eb 6J, , in dilte' rrn.. @ty pqiculde
Coblk zygooorphio.st hec ucquat.
Siyl. one, nlifom ktn riEph or 2tobed,
oprr.l. nignr ov.iy 6u y2{. .d
cipcul.4-6 *ed.d, u:urlyd.hisc.nr.
of c
see,4 distribul.d rhoucno dF f!pr6
hd subrDpics or bolh rhe
:-500ipe€i.s
nen6pheEs. Five
@ rcpq.n0ed f'oo ou Esior.
:d:
KEY TO THE SPECIES
Ipomoea aquatico FoBt<,
c'D
aqud'c,
M.D.
Dlssay'L &
Fl.
a.syP! Ar.!.
,14. 1775;
Autir, lr., jB.
F. R. !osb€€, r.c. 318; Fdg Rhui-cheng
t
5.
& [email protected]
Mut,
wirh Failin& ho ow srm. Lav6 odar,
hanare, rcmioat lob€,
lrilrgd$ or lehlate, b..al lob6 .h6€ol enerins
D{lsq &ute, oorN. Flow.6
purpL, $lir.fy or f.w Mged in
crhc. Serals uplo ? m ioDg, ovcr.,oblon& glabms,
Pads upro 5 cn tong. Fdit gtobos, 2.4
seed.d.
spccimen snrdi.d: Krslo, 2G.9-2003,
zdnMud 686(KUHJi Ad,gn,
22-3
Zanutud 387rr.]|' l); y|Jmjhr hilti 2,r3_0s,
45, Zqaad 586(KUH)
Widely disFibulcd sp.cies.
Ecologicrl rot€: cmws
in
n4hy
llow.ring pqiod: Usudly .lt rh.
Iponoea
ar.a
,re rcud.
&*i.a
(L.) s\9B\ Horr Bri! 287. lE27;
Austin, L c. 40. I
M,D. Dessdsy*e & F. R. losberg,
1 c.322 ; Ieg Rhuiahqg &
5.
cJ;
[email protected]
[email protected],
ctinbd wirh tubGM tur.Slqh h.iryt
als periobq !6tmr.ty 5 tobed ro
de Da*, orbicut.r or ovare in ouili.e
3.10 cn lon& FlorcB jn cyn6; pu.pL
or pin].
sepsh ov6te,4,6.5 mh tons,Corolta
tuo,el 3hap.d, 0.8t.5 @ long. F.ui1+
Elobo* or
ovoi{i. S€.ds dcnety loiry.
Sp€cjmd sfirdicd:
N€.rFrr&. Kdtrj tw h , 2O-J-2$).
[email protected] 25 t\KW
MlqaycFep€ria nd,!e o, An.rie
Inlduc.d jD Asiatud A6lq wheE n
is wdety
curt'lared fo. ohnenrd purF*s,
alb grcM 4 d.&ar..
E.ologicrl ooG: SF.i.s
8rck dbun&nrt, on redy pta,n! ululrb in asciarion
Ipot
oca e.iocdrpa
r-tu., Pmdr. 48.t. r8l0; Asrj4 t. c,|l.
t
DassMylke & F. R. Fosbcr&
r.c,
303.
*,r,
^*
crlrd. rb"e6
*rb ."o!d
wtrh
325j Feg RluicherS &
6.
Oeorg€
A.Bj M.D.
S|.pl6,
Lc.
ns, pilos hr.B. leys [email protected], ovar.
or
u{e<ue d $e.Ft, @ftt !.r rh. h6e, pubce!
<t
ui iq, shon pedufrt.d. Seplh tin.e, [email protected],
6
m
long. Ditose.
15
coDlh tubule, 7,8 mn to.g, link o, purpt.. C.!6u1.
8lobuld. S..d. bl&t glatDus
Sp€ciden sludied:
Kmjh&
hirr s,24-3-05,
Zfuarvt
6j t (KUH).
in [email protected] Aftie, paldn!4 India cod Mstaysi.
Ecologicif Dorq Cos ar &ot hius in associarion wilh
Sp.cics found
ro N Ausrralia,
,,@a
Flowding period:
Meh-
ed E.i.osknm
October
Ipomoea hit (L.) Rnt, C^t Bot. l:36.
Daswyale &
nit
F. R. Fosb.rg, t. c.33a
1797j Auslin, j.
c.45.
t
6.
C.D; M,D.
Feg Rhui{heng & c.org.
305.
Amud, [email protected] hc6, upto
20 cm
ra ; stcn a8ulr, prb.sar *ith long Eichon6.
Lqvca ovaie, rilobed-iuborbicute,
5,5.l5 cm lon& entic, &ure, eard lobe
&uoinaq
.ordate, pubesent .d.ns b6tow,
s.a!.red .bovei p.riole J-s cn lon8, hairy.
Flo*6
purpr. or pintq stilary or in crmB,
s€lah lo.g [email protected] w$ cud.d aFx, enfie,
hairy
ourird.. CoDIh blrc or
subglobo$
b Ctobos,
prph,
8- 12
rn
6os Igft pint or Enn.j r_j co ton& Ftuis
toDg. Slcds
pyrifom, dcBerr ploesc€.l.
specimosrudied: r\[email protected],
[email protected]@,4 A Abn 666(KUt .
OrigioaUt fbm Aneics, low
circnnt&pi€st in disiribution.
Ecologic.l not.: cbws .t
foor
hith under
rne
Erptbtbia [email protected]
Ipomoea
[email protected] or pforopnjli{o/a .nd
ed witn @y qn6ts,
bicolor Cs.,t an-D.scr pl. t: j.
Pcrnnial, llimber, bunde<t
sren, gla!reuJ ro
t_
2Os. t794j
ArBrn, t. c,49.
sft Dinu& hairy. tav6 ov!,& t_7 x 2.6
cn, aclnin.le, @rdalljaggit te, dd!
e. Flowe4 in d rary cyne. Sepals
ov.&,
l&@l.le, 4-6 nm toog, bbh, sc&ious, prt.
*hit , Com . 4_6 on tong, tubutsr,
r.cd: braush bmq. ninukry pub€@nr. 4.,
mm rons.
rp.clmh lrudlcd: NaCa4Eke. t8-941,
ZMd ]7J IKUH):Nrgep&le hi s,2J..l_
wuJ, zonand 694(KUH).
*3::::"i.--l.
h
Nagarp&k& Brcws
Ecofosic.l noa.:
wjtdl, cotriv.r.d
Cbs @ly
ctse wherc.
on rhe plairs,
.li6hin| on caplwis de.idra sd
76
FloMdDe p.dodr Md.h-Novcnbd
MERR.EMIA
D€D3Gd! Schtus. Horr Matah,34. tEt8j
ANtin,l,52j
M_D.
Dsnlrdc od
F- R. Fosberg,l.c.346j
Fe8 Rhui{hcng & c6rgc Sllpbs, Lc.29l.
Hcrbaeous, cliDbd, rely shob with
eniiE lob€d or [email protected]@ry @mpohd [email protected]
FloveB solil&y, qillary i, few floweied
dichaia or sub_uDbeltale. S.pal! sub-.4uj.
oblorg, Cobttr intu.dibutifom. whjl!
o! ,!llow. [email protected] iwistcd; poll.! usu.lly 3.
colp6te. Stigna [email protected]; d.ry r -4
@||d.Se.ds 4, [email protected] dult ghbous.
A gdq of c. 40 spccic, foud an *md
Egions.
Men.hit
f.7.8-C_
oegpdoca (L)Wbe, Synb. Anril.4i 505.
l9r0j Aurb,l. c.54.
Iponeo aegr'tia L.,
Sp.
a.rul
pt tt
t753
162_
clinbing herb, oopletely hi6ul€ qirh
long, €@1 to sub leq lieh pal.,
[email protected], lqv$ patm.rety onpoundj
lcafler6 cllipii€, acunifulc,
spic.Iy lcutc.
Flow.R in crn*, to.g
Fdlnct€d, Sepats oblo,g, I-5-2,0 ch ton& .cue, *hn!,
wirh
yerlowish richoncs. CoDlla
*hil., 2_l m tone. Ftuils rlbgtoboe, subr.ndcd
by rh.
alta. Seeds broM, glalDB.
S!6incn
srudied:
NaSatpcrk r n {r
Ecologlc.l
sx\bs skh
N!8dptrkar,
1-9-2Ot)3,
[email protected] 330 IKUH):
Resos ch.ck @st,24-:,-oi, zahhud
6st (Ki]'|/).
mt : cos
a
1
pmopB
on
rlr
ptdns
ed
rhe 5toF3 o. rhc
hitb, crihbins on tdge
JuhJtda tud E phubia eadrcilotm
rrowennS per'od: [email protected]
Choisy in Meh. Soc, phy5,
tu!tu.t2lc
&
L
RIVEA
cendq6:408.
1634j
ABtjr, t. c.60; M.D.
R. Fosb€rg, 1c,358.
-l-
ra*e
suborbicur& ,..v€ now.u $rit
^-t'
ry, dilao
::::
::l:i
.' [email protected] ('n6.
-T' Ftur.lnon drr, globce utualy
",
idd.hi$e
[email protected]&jrg up S€& l -4, ercto!.d j,
A shall scnus of c. 6 speci*,
6aty pdp.
fohd h Srilo 4 sudEn Indr ed
el)
iRSutfl,
ruii&.
77
Rirea hypoc.at
1834;
A!.tin,
tilomis
t. c.60,
f
@.$.) choisy jn M.m. so.. phys. Ce&y 6: 408.
8. D-F.
CoMbulw brbdaterihnis D.s. In Lah.
[email protected], clinbin& hcrb.k v6 ovorc, oldarc
Encyc. J:
j6l.
r
792.
o. ovlte{or&te, oud.4 pub.$.d
b.lo*, glabreB lhove, obne. rbycs [email protected]
1, sotir.ry o! $n.tin6 $b$iote.
sepab d.qul, ovst, [email protected], 812
m [email protected]& dd*ty sho4 vdto* ourriri..CoDl.
elvqiom, t9 cn lon8. Froit5 dry_biqte.
S.!ds gtabfo$, bruu,
sp4inen $udied: KaM.ihd hill 19.941,
,
z4kmrd 4uea,H).
DisLibuled i. sournr.h India ro p.Iisrn.
Ecologicrt note: A lypio.l rn<tj{ .ten
nB, sDws on thc hills ed dE Doudr
abu.d.ftry, dihbiig on .lardr', rc peBica
n! [email protected] i*s, als in
sdy aB
SEDDERA
Hchsl.. Fto627.
An.ul
B.
.7. r.,.18,14 ALsrin,l c. ol
or
FEohl; [email protected] @s or prcsdre wirh small v&i.ble tcay.s
wi0r usu.lty
didi-Ur€d aicnoh*. Flos6 ii qilh.y
or in l.min.l or in
{b€qu!I. Com
ov!led.
A
€os
.
clu$.Ed clm.i. Seplls
infindibutifod. Slytc bifrd with pctrsb
niem Capsul. wirt 4-
of c. 20 sFcj6, foud in Indi{ pa}jrrar
seddetu ta.i.fotia [email protected]
austin,Lc,6t,18. c_H,
&
stlud.
ii
od AE d O,ty I sp€.i6 foud
FloB 27, B.it. s, r.
5,I
B-c.
in
184.4:
Dtu.ria tatilotio t{ochsr. ) B.nrh,,
cen. pt. 2. 87?, I x /r.
-rcRMjll, b6mh.d h.rb. otd
btuch6 sondimG bdon.,ph.sc.nr.
koves 5lbse$ile
d shon Fdohr.. srnalt, s. ptc, ltlemtc,
ovar., obtong, silky gry pubeceDi
::f::::lf^-'*]*'*""
*u'- **0,
-","..chi*G.
puo€snt our.id.. C,psuh, hlry
,r d. ap.l. Seds btet, obbng.
Flowers
r
mn,
*
j':. :1,"1 : " |. t8.3.2001. [email protected] & stuo 2rs(xt)p,)
:r,.::
uBoDut d in 1,
Arabia, pslisran &d tndia
Ecologic.l not.r cows
el,
on
tudy phiis.
7a
Iloweiig
p€dod: [email protected]!nb...
23.15. CUCURBITACTAT
Mo$i! MUat or Ftwial, c[nbing wi0t !.drits
or laitins or
petiolale. alLmal., p€lhltely veincq
sinpt!. Flowes uu.ny
c)mes or raccm6, unisexul, Seplts
I
-3 ceu.d,
n{y
sd
pseE
$l !ry,
pet.ls 5. Carp.ls 3, srrqrpous;
ovuled. Fruii usully a p.ppo.
A f3nily wir[ c. l2O [email protected] &d c.7?J
sFci*,
disrrjbulcd in
rbpiqt ed
KEY TO TqE GXNER,A.
CITRULUS
S.bnd.A EcU. 4 Zerh , [email protected]
279.18t6, bn @N.n.,
rd E,Nan & Ati, ft. pd.
r54: I I t984. D. phitor h M
ccy(fev.)_ I t:
h.lb
l9_ 1997.
o 4 woody at ih.
Y:]:cjo]rs
d!€ply
lob.d,-FlowcF
ba$, twi,cr willl r.ndirh.r4vB
sihph.
sotirory Stlmem i.s.fted on
d. rob.,ovaly
me, owl*. Sllni.od. peeni
uu.Iy
subgtobose witn
Ftun
a gcnos wnh c.3 ,F.ia, naill,
aou.d
ou @ jeluding culdva,r.d
or..
o.diunJa$!, flahy.
i. Afiie &d Aj., R. [email protected]'d
KEY TO IEX SPECIES
bv
te
sp€ci's
i'
Citrul4s cotocruhit (L.\ S.nad in LinDa$ 12: 414. I
E38; Ndihuddin
& Naqvi, L c. t2.
[email protected]
t j.I-M;
utoqnthis L.,
D. philox,t.c.2O.
Sp, pt, Z:
rl]Lt, 175i.
Pemial. ftilir& hdb.Tci(|lib sinpt. sn.lihB bi6d,rqv.!
ov.r.. lo_ll0
mn, 3-5 lob.!,
sbrid
r
l-66
hai,r; petot. tL5 mn long. Mate flo}6: pediella&_
Calyr
cdDp6nulalE 4-9 x 5 mn. sIlo.ns 3, [email protected],
pcdioel
Fenate Iowc6:
tongq
ihlr mk,
Calta tube shon, tobes lbcotale c. 5 mn tong.
ovary hairy, subgtobose o,
obovo&.FruiB 5-l
cn acoss, pulp bitEr,
!61. white. Se!d! nunctuusi ovar.{btoog.
sp4im.n studied: NagaQ&[email protected], tudy ptains along
madsr., 19_ qi2OO4, [email protected] 517
(KUro.
O
Sp.cia foqd in Nonh nopiat A&ic.,
Arlddc kt&ds, Nonh-w61 India, palisr.n tud
Eologic.t nor.j Common
sp€cies ot
N.Ssrpsk& plains, hrlls
Flow.rin8 Friod: Feboary-Ma(h,
{d sd
due!_
Ct ut6 btutu (mub) M*s, & Nrlai,
C{.S.m.
spo.. Hon. Bor Univ. Inp
Tokyo 30, t 9l6; Nuimlddin &
Nlqvi, I. c. 14; D. phitox, l.o.2l,
tqMtd T-hnb.,proAt.Ft. Cap.
13. 1794.
^[email protected]
[email protected], anul, h.rb; $.n vi
ous hairy, ftaitin& l.odnl obusl pubeso!
2-3 fid.
bav6
with 3.5 e8n€Db, ctoogrrd.rsr.,
o6tue mts or tB piddr.t, sinurc,
lobuhte, h&gin hinuI.ty d.nricut.0e.
M.le ftow6: pediet 2_4 cn.C.lra
lob.s,ldgs dq tubc, c,5 nn
tong. peuts yellow, ?n6 x 4 hn,
F.nd. na6: pedicct6cD tone.
c.npquhrq
obovaieoblohg,
Oylq.Iirsid or subgtobor.. hairy. Ftuirs 20.40 (m
*hie S_ds bl&4 E or DDM, ov.r., \hoodr,
4ro$.purp |eshr, Eddsh,
,e oq or
SFcircn 3Micd: Culriy,!.{i spe.i6
rhbughoul lh. Fgion, r5-q
(XUH).
Mtik
sp€ci* of Kalalki rcgio.(Aftica).
Cultivah! [email protected]
for its ediblc ADn.
l.ologicrl Dote
Flowing
cDws .s
e
ZOO3.
[email protected]
Zanhrd
310
tropi.rt egids
.scape rhtuushoul rh€ rccion.
penod: M.Eh_Augujr
80
CUC'lJtiflS
L,, Sp. Pl. l0l
l.
t?53; Oen.11.5.442, l?54i N&ihuddin & Naqli, t,
c.4l; D. philox,
Lc.26.
MonoecioB, usutly
enut,
ctinbing hdb wirh sinpt€ taldrits
dd 3-.7 lob.d, d.nrrc
lcav.s. Flowes: nat. floweB in faciclc!, catra
51ob.d, @blla usudty subcmptuulatc,
s-lob.d, Statrns 3, insefl.d !,r rlE cat)d b$e, Fen
l. flo*6 etilriy; staninode
stifom, Slylc shon, sinplc, ovary ovoid vi0 [email protected] owrc'Fruil
echiMt
.seeds
A genus ofc. 25 sFcics,
no
y
food
in EDpicil
Atiio dd lte i. nopiat
Asia,
KEY TO TIfE SPECIES
Cucamb
Ao.!al, lEitin&
nzlo
L., Sp. pt.
to
_
tTJlj N.nnuddin & Naqvi, l.
c_
44t D.
@ly
ctimbjrg h€rb; $en dgule, $netmcs
circule, hiBure. Lcrvs
rchitom, s-egled or shlltosty s-toh.(
ho$ surfa4s [!iry.5.t) s 4-5 cn, v&irbt.
ir
ek.,vai. ao{qs t6ocular.. pcdqct.2-J
cm tong. Cstra tub( vi ouc. !8
m iongj
$Fls subuta,r.. CoDlta l-2 ch ldg. Stigna
Bualy 3, @ly 5, obtue, oborlra Foits
lightgE.n, yeltow,
Sencdlly glalbus, pulppltc,€ltow, S€.!s
Two r&icries @
F4nt id ou.G4
lhit
,
KEY TO TITE VARIETIES
Cteunb,,a.tol.,
'u n
to
8l
It is ch&a.t ri&d by hlving ldgc, gtoboF
<!oid dd
J_20
cn rcros tiaits.
Sp€cih.h 3rudied. Along bad side of
p€,,,!d,, fi.td, [email protected]
culdvated rhmugnoul th.
ofboth ihc hcDisphfts ror is .djble
[email protected]
pon5
ptains, 18-3_2003,
tilir
Ecologicrl note: EsaF fton cultivaiion.
CLcMb
wlo
var-lrexlrsrrs (1.) Nedin ii Am. sc. Nar ser.4(ll):
5. 87.
r859.
Cwi l.t^s
ll
is
ch.6.r.ri-d
L.. Sp, pt. 2, .d. 1437.t763.
by hlvin8 ton8q,20-90 x 2.5-8 cm
lilirs which d. son hsiry when
Se&
@
Youn8.
matl.r 0& v* @to.
sp€cihen srudied: Nas&pakr, s 6dy
M, t4-9-20./'. kkmrd s48 (KUr]).
CulriraGd sFcie. $Dugnoul th. w.rner p{ns
ofrh. world,
Ecologicat Dote cmw! a & csF.
[email protected]* p.opheta.rLr,n L., Cqr I: j2_ 1755;Ntuuddin
& N.qvi,lc 4j,
Prolldle or ctinbin8, p€Gmial, herb;
sreh stender, hispid, t aitjne wi$ sho4
sjnpte,
*!dd Endrih. La!6 p.rjot.i. , ov.a{6iculd,
@rd.icJ-4 cn toog lob€d, tobcs
obhBd, denlar€, hilpid on bolll
su,fa.6, MaL nowcB. in ri$ictc6 of2-3
flow.G @ty
lla lobcs ovate- obtong. Ichate nowcB:
etir&y. Calla
&d @bn. sioit& io n.t..Ovary Duncsie.
Fruir ovoid
purp spongy, pate while,
S.€dr
gn}is\
Speimen $udi€d:Nagarplrtd
Zotudud & S!tun24(KUH)_
Ecologicrt hoae: F,equ.
or suD8tobo& yeltow, snip.di
oblon& elliFoid_
tudy plairs nde AnDtuoodd
8oaih,23-ll_
oo rhe
dains dd 6e hils.
Cucumis salrus L., Sp, pt.2r
lOI2,
an^amd
,dhbm&
robed:Idiole
8.20nm
--.w,@ rsnuq
un
2002,
1753; [email protected]
& Na{vi,
L
c.42; D.
h.rb::bn &sutd, srrbD6 hau'. Ldrls
Fnojlk, o.r., l-E
tong. nowcB ui*rual.
egul&. Cat) r bm spEadhe. subutaE,
) @@re p.rrk.
uplo 2,5
cn lors. MlL no*c6:
ddrd
3-4 nm
loig.Fenal€
tor*:
cylinddcal or ilighrty
flo*es wjih
egutr,
!'nqr!ou.
clales,
3
Ovary fusifom. Foite oblons
p.t. whia. S€ds 3oa , innmeeG_
sp4jmen srudied: Na8dpdk4, cultivskn pbins, lrailiog h.,b,
fls. y.ttow viih sinple
ttn&ils, l9-9.20U, Zantuu.l 559
KUm.
CultivaEd ir trDpics dd [email protected] of bolh th. world. for il!
putp
.diblc
Ecologic.l mte: cbw, fcqu€nrry
on rhc hilrs and thc
s.
tuit,
y phins.
COCCINIA
wight & Ah,, prodi t: 34?,
1834r
Nuiouddjn & N,qvi, t, c. 18; D. thilox,
1c.28.
Dioecious, climbing herb
*iO sinpk or bind lerdiih and smpl..
F.tiolal!, usurll)
dkljncr shrFd tavca.Mal. &{i f.Dtc
floks whik, hrg. inrundibul4! foud on
dilleEnr plaotl.
StaD*
A gdDB ofc.30 sF.i.s,
3.Ov.ry ovoid. Fruit globcc€long.E, ntuy
mirty
found in
Coc4inio grandit (LJ
t9,
t
voil\
ropiql
S,
sdcd.
Af.is, ropiel lodir dd
Hon. Suborb. CaL. j9. lE4j;
Malaysi!,
Ndinudd4
L c.
L D-HiD, thitox, t,c.28,
Rt onia studis
pt.
L_,
t:
126. 1161_
^/tbL
Proshl. or ctimbi.8, peEnni.l.
b,igtr ged, hdbr sldn [email protected], .ylio.trial, glsbrcus.
tav.sard.q t{g!td, 5,[email protected] a.bq
Ftiole$j.r, 2.{2.5}5 cm tone, Cslra,nd
corclla 5,loM tuh, conpanutaier p€dicel
1,5,2.j cm ioo& M.lc [owe: slil! y,
crscftn c shonty Eema Sl,ocns inscned;
filmoB @ty fEi pbritod.s
{bent,F.nak noMrj $litary Edy Eeno*.
Sryt€ st6d4; $rnhod.l;
Frui|s cylin<tri..l or [email protected], ?-25
Sp€cino studi.d:
(amjhd hill,
,1rM7l9 (KUH)
slilm
ch tong, d.hism! slisl y bak€d. Sa& prrifom,
[email protected] @gcas hqd quand, 27-3-OS,
Distribured in Malaysia, Indi., pakislan
Ecologic.l
mr.:
Uslalty as
a
l_Ud,
[email protected] &
dd Topiat Afri.a
ctinb.r on L.sc shbs.
LL'FFA
Mill., Crrd. Dicr. Abridg, ed.4, 175.!j
Neinuddin & Naqvi, Lc. 24j D. lhitox,
63
[email protected] ordioecious, ctiobing nerb
wi0
pllmt ly 57 lob.d. Mal. ftows: llmos; qtra @psnutarei p.tlls 5, n€.. Sreas 3_J,
nonooous, erhc6 Er.. fchatc flow6: etilary; d.ry tubcMlr& wjrh
nMy owt6.
3"6 6d
L.d.ils,L.av6.simplq
slbgtobo$-.torgated{ytindriql, be{L!d,
A g.nus with c, 6 spe.jes, disribut .d in Old ud New Wo.lds,
Fruir
L4la cflin&i.o
Manotdica
0-)
cliitlrhd
\m..
srn. Monogr. 2: 63. 1846; N&inuddin& Naqvi,
L,, Sp,pt. lOO9. 1753; D. philox,
Amual, clinbing or r.iting, h.rb wirn [email protected] &nd!its,
orbicul&{rd.l.,
G25
.d
in
di!n.r.r.
lob€s
1... t 7.
uav6 paunsq j-bb€r!
lri.ngllar, [email protected]!le; pedot. j-
l
j
or
cm tong.
FloseB brighr y.llow, boih mte sd fenale i. $e sdc qil, [email protected]
Ilowersl
15-20 floveEd in long, dilary, @he.
F.nale flowe6: C.lra .ube shon, pub€gnr.
P.lah obovde{un.ifom, 2-3.5
t-2,5 cn. Ov.ry cylifttri€t, h6iry. Fruils
fGifom,snoorh. [email protected]{void,[email protected]
x
Sp.cimen studhd: N6g!rpdk!r,
g-9- 2!)M,
Z.natud 594(KUH).
Culivated in wmd Frrs ofAsh dd A&ie
for its €dibk ti!i!
Ecologicsl mte: Duine moisoon fouod thlolghout the srndy phins.
Flow.ring Friod:
Meh-
r
Augusl.
MAMORDICA
L, Sp. Pl, t009.l75i; Ocn.
p
L 5,
440 1754t Neinuddin & Naqri, t..,4; D,
[email protected] or
dieciob, Mrut or [email protected] ctinbilg berb qirh simpte or bifid
Endrik
ed Flnsrely 1,9 lobcd l€vB, Ftow6 uualty wiIh lsrgc [email protected] [email protected];
hisexul.
Mal. l owes: sotitlry. co.rhbo*, racenos. SriheN 3,
[email protected] on bc ftouln ofthe
Lnah noven: sotiriry. Ovary wnn @y ovlbs
A gdu widr 4t sp.ci.s, foud in [email protected]€t
ftgioos,
calt* tube.
Mo,nodica Msahttna L.,
Sp,
p!. 1009. l?53; N&Duddjn
& Noqvi, L c. 5,
f.LA-C
A.nul clidb.r, [email protected]€4 gl.bou; moncioq_ [email protected]
orbiol& LJ-(2.5!j.O(_t2.0)
.ni cordab, spdety hairy ar th. y.i.s, 3-5lob.dj petiotc t-4 cn
tons. Flor.s yelowr
84
D€d'cell.te. s.Fl3 ovar.,4,55 x 2.5-3.5 mn, perals obovate,9,5-t5x ?.5.12 mn. Mlle
flow.is: peducle 1.5-7 ch long h€cielte. Sram.ns 3
oh.cnt finr $.n tE. F.md.0owe6: p.dDctes
@ly 2; filmots shor! dlhd
!15 m long. Sr.hinod. ah&nt.
Ov0ry [email protected], beak€d. Fruir rub.mulare. Seels elliFic{vare.
[email protected] studicd: I<abo.
2+l{5 , ZqNrnd
[email protected] in thc drier pars of
South Afticd
686
(KUH).
.!d Ttophal Aftiq, Aroti4 Topical Asia
f,cofogicd note Gows abudetly in Kajbo
Aza.rirectua i.dico nd thtub'
usua y a! ctimb.r
on
[email protected] [email protected],
Flowerirg penod: [email protected] Augut.
2.3.16. CUSCUTACEAX
A p€n5itic h.r6 wnh shon-lved er syst m. Sl€n O&rd likc,
[email protected], chlotuphylt
abFnt, floweB smtl in c)mes.Corola tubulo. Slancns
5, cpip€tdou.
Carpets 2,
syn.{pous; ov.rt suFrioi
2*I.d,
och @tt 4{wl.d. Ftuir a qpsul..
A uni8eneri. family wi$ c. 100 3peis, wid.ty
disrribur.d thughour rhe World.
cusctnA
L., Sp. Pl. 124. l7j3iCen, pl. 5. t4O.l?54iRajput
& Taiir in E.
P.L
189:
L
t
Nsir & Ali, Fl
988_
A l€aflas, ydlow or Eddilh, rwinin& dnlal
ait&h.d b h6t by hau|'ir Ftow.E soliarry
to peennial,
pa6u. witn filifotu
sGhs,
laL6l fe,jc! or shon lrfu4 or if,
ub.llal!-liLe ctocs, soalt, fleshy, comn b.tow.
Coo . lsulty 4-j lobcd, Sranc6 5
or 4, rseri.<t ner the ilro.t, attemaij,g
wilh the @olt. lob.s_ (rsry 2{c[.d, esh
eI
2.wl.d; Styl. l-2; nigna spiuc o.2. C.psut. globo$,
carum$issil. or [email protected]
iftgul&ly. Selds 2-4, glabmN,
A ecnu witi c.
Cwcrltt
IOO
or in
sp..i6 of cosmotDlir.! in din ib,[email protected] Rcpreor.d
[email protected] by I
rclc\i
Roxb.,pt. [email protected] 2: 3.
fl_
to4. rTes; R jpur a Tarir,
t_
c.
5.
slem broqish or y€ltow, thil!
obov.t lo lineq. FIow€6
d.rely intcdingled, hliry. L6v6 l_j1.5x0.5_i ,nn.
in cyne or sotirary,
lcduocl. 2-2,j
en
toogj
lertic.l l_5 hnj
85
bncIl
[email protected]
litacaly: 5lobcd; toh6 oblong,or.i.{b0., !.MiBte,
tube short, Cobua lobes oblons, eltipiic, sh.rpty a.utc, t-2.2 x 0,5-t
I hm long;
&ln6
b.sifix.d; 6t!|@G
0,7-3
x I.5.2,5
nh lo.g,
lind, comr.. Oqry n6hy,
ovoid
m;
St m.ns
r, gtobo$)
conical, dlrk brcM, Fruit 4 glohosc wftn petsi$ent $yt., dchiscing ideglhrly,
Seed 4,
Dishibutd
fFn
Ihdonesia ro Afgh&islan
sF.iner liudied: Kafujhd hills at $e
zdMd'd & at d6E2(KUW).
Ecologicrl !orr:
Found
Mion.
though
Sdl!*4
NonhEn India, Chim
ed
iop of the hilh, d&k [email protected] wi.est 24-3_2005,
yod dc ocky slop€r.
Flowding pcriod: ,uly - Augun
23.T7. ELATINACf,AE
Aqustrc or
$mi .quat.
sinple, opposire
p.cmial hcrbs or shnB emdmes vio siipulaq
or vdrieltli. lav.r, Floe6 ma[,
stira,r, dilr.ry or in f.s.icubc
annusl,
cync. Sepals Budly 3-5, [email protected] or bsalty
@rnate. peral! usuny 3_5, nee. Slah.Ds 3-lO,
alt matng wirh rh. perats. Carpeb 3_5, sy[c&Fu;
ovsry supdo., ]-5 e[.4 owle
nuheDus, nmy in each ce[. Ftui!.
ca!6ut..
A shall fMily ofc.2 g.neE dd c.4{ sFcics,
foud
sp.cies is found in
ii teap..i. dd
N.gupart4,
hopic.t E8io6 I
Bf,RGIA
L., Me1.2: 152, l77l; Boi$,,
Or,l:?83, IE?6; [email protected] jn E.N6ir A Ali,
fl,
Pal. 19: L t972; M.D. DNrnsya&G
& F. R. Fdbcrg,n M.D, Dassleylke, Fl.
cey(@.). l:
Ft_
424_ 1980.
An.ull or Frdniil, dm&ty [email protected] gtabous
he6, tan
*@rc. Fro*c* scssjre &d p€dierra,€. srp.rs
Slanos usulty 5 q l0 il tsri€s; erh€E
smll.Ov..y ovod o. subglobo$-globo$.
styk 3-5, fe. Capsul. ovoid-gtoboe,
_ il"j.:*J::Hff#
A gdn6 wirh
c, 25 sp.cies,
disribuI.d in lenrEEte od tbpial Egions.
slllrot v& (D.tit.) Fenzr., D..k*h. BoL ce.
3: r$.
Chaldhri & Chutor, V.g, Rqg.Fl.
,td desdr, 26, 1966; chafooi, L c. 3,
Bergta
l84t;
36
An meariq peEmi.l hqb vitn
diflety bmchcd, gledul&_glalns€nt stcq b6rk
Deppery. tsv6 ssilc or sub6.sjlc, smctin.s ps.udov.rticilht
, 3-30 x 2lO m,
obovale{blong b [email protected]!. or e iptic, dcnFty pubaccnr;
sriputB lin6 or
ld.eolat€,l-3 om long, pubee.nt, Flowds whirrpiok. Sepals
ii€e, oylte, p.rats
obovatc-oblong.StdeB IO. Ovary ovoirt, 5-c!U.d.
S*ds
My,
obtong- euip6oid,
Sp€ine. studied: Ncff Budhiso , NrSdrpetai, Rogefs n4d
euana,
spaies foud
ii
India,
Esgt
Ecologicrl trot :
&,t
18-9_2004,
paki!i.!, [email protected], Aabh,
Sud&, S.iesal. Mu.irieo, Ke.ya ed
A @hmoi spcci.s along
s6omt sqns n $e rsioo.
Flo*din8 p.riod: Augus-S.pt nb.r
23.18. EIJPHORBIACEAX
dd lB wirh hcr ud $hdift, flcsn, slcns. tav6 atrtute,
usu.lly sinpl.. Flow6 sudt, in clmca bur cydhiuh in rlrro,rra
uislat.Sep.ls
[email protected] 3-5.Perds uudty j-l endiD.s.bFr. Srrn.ns.qu.l or
Me ra nmbq of
or
rcdued
ro L CarFb 3, sync.!po!$ ovrry suFrior, 3sled IiO I or
Fr'ls
$Detn6 2 owlB, Fruit . op6ulq mty b.ny or nur
On of the leg*r fu i* of lh. woddwid. @[email protected] @ns,st,ng ot moE tb4
IOO
Usu,lly hcrtrs, shrubc
genea
ed
c.8100
sF.i.s.
KEY TO TIIE GENERA
ACALYPHA
L., Sp. Pl,: 1003. 1753; cen. pt,5.43d, 1754; A.Rrd.tiffe,Snith
iD E,
Ali, ll. PaL 172: 6l.1986.
Nsh&
a1
Annul h.rbs io tr4s, 6udty [email protected], r.Fty [email protected], oftd
eldduhr hriry with
altenA&, sihple, p€liotare ed stipul.te tcava. Flowe4 both bisexut
o. uDilcxud
ananged in iemin.l or dillary 6*ne,M!1. flowds pedielate wnh
snau bet, Citla
4tobcd. P.tals ab$rr Staiens 8r piniltod. abscot , [email protected] flow.s p€dicc
aio or
$sil. *i$
Foit
[email protected],
rrilobaL,
&[email protected] [email protected]!,
sall. sptcidaly
Catyx 3.5 lob.d. p.r.ts
alsnt.
Oyary
t{.U.d.
[email protected] Sc<ts sukloboe wirh vcirDl dd8._
A &nus ofc,450 sFci*. R€FsDr.d by I lpei.s in snr([email protected]
Acolfpha i^dica L, Sp. pt., l: 003. t?51; A_R.dcliffesnirh, t. c. 63. f. 12.
3- valv.d
r
c-E. t9E6.
l! . L!.vca sinple, ovare, rhombiciv.r.,
[email protected] , 2.9 x IJ cmj sdpules subul e-filifom, l-2 m tongj p€liote 2-12 cm,
[email protected] dilldy, peduncul.0e, usulty j cm long; hale owh b€low, f.n.t.
flow6 abovc, Malc lowd: deM, F$il..S.pals t idgutd_ovate, I m lon8, cilisr.,
F.n.lc flowcn: lu, ssih. StL fE or cormic, filifom, l_2 m lon& Ovary rilob.d,
0.5 mm lcrcsr tub.mt 1e, pubcsnr.Foit 2 nn M$. &e4s ovoid l.l m, +
Annual or p.cnnial h.rb. up
Speirun sr!di.d: Nw Mn
Iound in ho0' lhc
io 2.j h
! &n d,$. horh |.,
[email protected]
16:12.{/.,
Zrwr,/d
572(KUtjJ,
int&doccd in [email protected]
Ecologicsf Dole: Faidy 6nnon
't
toothi\s with LdigoJera w.tiJotia.
Floe.nng paiod: Au8ust - S.ptanber
L.Sp, pt,450. t753: cen,
EUPI{ORBIA
pl. j. 208. 1754; A.R!dclitrasnidr,
Lc.88jD. philox iD
[email protected]<e, Fl.c.y(rcv. ) ll:19.199?_
[email protected]$ h.lb or hte. shmb witn miky hrcx.t v6 of j ryFs(i) baet lav.s
.lr.odc(ii) mcdia [email protected] *rorLd (iiD upF whorl€d or opposit . [email protected] a
llow ed ev.Bt btuocll. m& itowc6. Srdd
Ftun e q!6ulc of ruked dci. S..dJ uluUy c|@orat!.
cFlhium wilh I f.Eale
€U.d,
A IdSe g.nus of
c. 2000
L Ovary 3-
sFci6, foud thrcuslour th! wo.ld.
EE
XEY TO TEE SPECIES
l+
Plans ldgc shru*, rmutor, umrDlanqir!rcdiiiTi ycs cxepr
Brcr dln, nrlul.s rpmy. .. ... ,, ....... ... .... .., .,. ,, ,,. ,,..........,E.cdvitotio
Prots
2+
1+
mal har6 mr
succurens
[@[email protected]'h€][email protected]
Cy.thh in.lwtr..
Cnthia lxillrry, oliun......
..3
'':
L,rB!nmb(,h!i'!nutri-nultltto;,.clirrj.;*-rdlr.ry-,
pcoucu r.crudc8.......,,.....,,,,.,..,................,.,, ,.....-..-,-,E.hnb
lav.s oblon& hdry u.utty lsucd whn , cyrhi. in loo$ clui..,
r.mindn3 hL.l 3h6('..,.,.. -, -, ---,....,..,.,...,..,..t. lMftiklid
l
L.!€ .rrii
Hv6
or
.tmd
s
mhuEry dcnncuhL, s.dt.rq or 54r.r., .,.,, ,.........
., ,,.
,....,,.. ,,,5
5+
pto, ,.iry rrovc
ma
drou EiN||ar-6ild.iGv.t4ffifiEii
..,.,............,.,...E. Dro*a,a
Et phorhia codu.Yolit
t]aj6
t,..llE.
wi(|| h.ry sueul6t, sr.nr
Shnb
&cids!5
1,5-E
in Ind. Foi
c. 3
x l-5 dn; 3rjp!t6 3pinn
t0:
|
54. | 9t4; A. tudctitr
,SnitL
x tO n. krc .ti.n.r., sitesubsit.,
I m tdg, FiEd on a.h spilc !hi.td. Cnhi!
I ii qillary, Fduotr& crh.!. Styks uitcd !!o* lllc Diddt_ FNn ti6dir&,
l.r.6lt..nFE*d. S€ds ovoidaurddgltl
SFcinm studi.d: knnjhr hifhffky pLi!., [email protected], [email protected]
&
Sdw
321
(KUE).
Sp.ciB foad i. hdi. rtrd
P.tisls.
Ecologl. l sot t [email protected] .adsihtia b f.id, @l|!M oi rhc hitk *pcidty oi
thc e|Jlh.n sfop.; gDs wirh [email protected] togidw,Cap4tis de.idu un Cadaba
,rie $ ssbdonirmt 3!..i6.
nosiig Fdod: M.eh-Aug6
Elphor t chrkana
Smith, L c.l02.
t
[email protected]
t,
Fl. Brir. lId.
tr
253. IEET; A.
Rldctire
19.A-C.
89
PrcsL
q
snnual.
traves.mwly
minur.. d.nticutdc.
oblique, fltote4blong,2-13
.rlnh etibrr.str
x
1.4 nm, lsua y
sry, llrndutd apFndaces ninuE or sbrcnt.
Involucre 5-lobed, €oclosing !h! cylthia. pjsti!
3.lobed. Frui [email protected], elaboB, S€ds
ovoid. shallowty ruguloe or atnosr [email protected]
SrEinq sMi.d: Budne na Nr8!rpa.ke, 2clo-t970,
@iea cliho & 2tbrtu
Itaai, 4t 4 (KUH); [email protected] r.h,t5-g-2}nl, [email protected] & [email protected]
)26 |(uttt.
Spei.s foud in Afsdist!,,, p&irie &d Indj,
f
Ecologic.l mre: o.da dong $c gtus, comno,
on O. pratu
ed rb. hius.
f low.rir8 P.iiod: Fcbnury-Sepenb.r
Eupho.bia granulaao FoBsk., Fl, A.gj/prArEb. 94. t775;
Smith, L c. l0l. t 18. D.Ft D, philox.l,o.20l,
A,
Radctitr.
annudl or pcrcnniot, ptuslEte, bmched
h.ib, Stabbu, upto 20 m long. Lqves shor!
p.troht or suhsesite, optosic, obov&r oblong wirh
odd€d bs.i stiDolcs shorr
subuhl.. InnoEsne a cy.tnium. $tir.ry,
ailts': glarxt! r,an*e*ty oal., ydto$,
@hMUs or Ed . Idirs EigomB .S..ds [email protected]!tr,
[email protected]@, pdkish-BFy.
Spein.i studied: NrgErparrr, sstrd y pt j^s,24-g-2(fl. tdud
& Atan 861KVH\.
Wid.ly foord ir Arir dd AAis.
Z
EcoloSicrl not€: Ctm iifrequo y on A. phitu wi$ &lqrz posb,ta,
Corcloru
d.pr6*
a,4 Euphotuia proshdta.
Flow€ring periodr Augus! - Oclob.r
Euphotbh
hi
a L.. sp. pt.454. 1753i A.R.d.lifr.-snid,, L c. 95. t 17.
A-D.
Annudl wiin acending [email protected] urn 60
cn torg, multicetruld hriry . tsv€s sinDl..
oppost . oval€! ettip{ic, t-5 ! 0.5-8 cni p. otc l-j nm
ton& $puta subulac, l_2 ;m
long. Cylrhia pinlr [email protected] in d€e ei a.y, clsc4 p.ducl6
0.51 m long, rDits
shrlply [email protected] &edr
ovdd{udogutd qitll rsvssc
SFcimci rrudi.d: [email protected],cut1iv.r.d iclds, 169-2m4,
dd€!s, CFy.
irtu d
5?l (XUIO.
Ecologlcrl note: coomon spai6,
8rcw wi$ Cybdan ddctytd
,orr,.!rdd
on
s4dy ptaiN
nd
sd
Otuti,
clttivaled ,j.tds qnd occaion lly on lh. hills.
Flowe .gperiod: Meh-Sepl€nber
90
EuphorbAt hfperi.yotio L, sF pl. 4j4.
l7,E-c,
^nnul,
,s6di.g,
b6nctEd, herb, t5-2t
I
753;
A.rbdctiflb-shirh, l. c. 98.
I
cn, .lmon 81.!bus. Levcs sub*sil.,
ellipticlmceotste, !cu!e, alt.ruter stipul€s linear, I-1,5
m
lo,g. [email protected]
a
ct?d'im i. ld clstdr, dilhry, crlrhial gt&{is puplGb. Fo$ lngnous, ghbrcus
with
{ion€ lil. lpFodlscs on tn [email protected] S-ds
ovoid, [email protected], geyish bt&t.
Specincn srudi.d: TcEpoEry kter a.cunuhred
@a,qr Budhass.mual hqb,
ls .n tal]. t5-9-2001, [email protected] 315 (K]|'J{|.
A natve of $c New World tropics, iohodued dd
nltursliad
Ecologictl note
Found
ncs wa&r or in e1 soit wirh
i.
gIIs
iropics lnd sub,rropi.!
od
s€dgcs.
Fbwenng Friodj Septehber . October
Euphorbi4 prosiata
^it.
tror.. Kcw,
.d. t, 2r t39.
1789t
A.
R.dctiffe,
snid\ L c. 106. t 19, D_c.
Annui, prosrare, herb; $€D ounded, gtabous,
l5_t6 cm lon8, lerete. Lc.ves oblonsov{e,2.5 x l-3 m, ddr,.cuic, obn&,
obliq!.ty ound.d.r thc be, gtaloB:
sipules hieSule, l4iniate, In0oEsc.nc.
! cyarhium, sotirary in ft ted djl on
hicopny'bB rarcEl [email protected], p€ducl.
2 nD roDg. Ffurs bgonous, ghbb6, keel
csinar, ciliatc. Sedr gEyth, ovoid-qudmSuls,
rlrsv€ejy M.tlcd_
sFcin.n srudi.dl Oh jo wlndj o, 18-9-2003,
zahan d :J5s (KjHJ.
Nltive oftDpicd dd subrepiql
[email protected] inro m&y p.rG ofth. Otd
Wo.td
3s le*n 4d rudcolw€ed.
Ecological
rote cos
o,
rhc
ptaift [email protected] w.t
@!'
Floenng p.riod: Auelsr Odober
PEYLLANTHUS
L
Sp.
Pl.98t. I?jl; Cd. pl. J,422. lZ54;
A. R.dctjfc-Snirh,
Philor,l.c,223.
L
c,22; D.
Monccio$, hcrb ro hrge shrub wirh
disriDd slen ed
F&phy's dd ro,ri.sc.
",,*",*,*,
.,,0n.
.",,.;lj,JTjlil:i'"1""'ili;
9I
slipules larBer
fbw
with
,k
tho
folidSe. Ftowers unisxual;
bisdiare
s!.k
@n. Oyary
mle nowc, Nrth :J-5 st ,ners; fmale
l{.U.d wiur 2 owls, Fdit 2-!ztvc coai.
A Senu ofc. 700 sp*i.s, nrinty distibucd
Fnlropical Egiod of the world.
Phluonth4 ns.lztav.rteish
28,
i
6.
EE
L., Sp. pt. 982.
t?jl;
A,Radclifle- Snntl L c.
D, phitox,t.c.2o9,
Annuat, ltatrous, uplo t5
ci ,iltj st o btuched, dguls, €ahphylls !bMi.
L€les
[email protected], obovrte 0.7 x O,l cD, subacuac,
ounded or obtue, stienual. al rlF bs.,
l!c6l n tu s 4,8 FiE, prcajMr al lowd surlle, dutr [email protected]
pciiole
slipol€s larceolate
.. I cfl
lonS;
l,j-2 mn, Io,g. Mlb nose.s: pedicet c.l m, tong S.plls
6,
obovol€{ubodiculs, ohB., y.Iow dnged.
$aneDs 3t fxme s mned ftom rhc bd$,
[email protected] 0t !r topi rcdal4 0ows: pcdiel
c.2 m long. S.pds 4 _ 6, bis.dare,
d&t olive
obru$,
eleen, while, edelihes ftddisn, Ovary *ssite,
Speoinen srudied:
K&ejh&
hilts,
mut
herb upto
l
Foil ! capsul., subglobos-
j .m lslt wftt
[email protected]/'d & Stud 2tj (KW
Dilhibuted in rali$a4 India,
Chiu &d deughoui M.lrrsi,
Ecolo8icrt note: Rarc on th. hjus.
yettow
2003,
io
floftR,
I
&3_
rotynsi!.
Flowding period: M,eh _Aprit.
RIC'INUS
L.Sp.Pt, 1007. l75tjOcn.pl.5,43?.1254;A,Radclitle,Shi
!1.c. 69.
cr"b."i hcrb {i$ arrnar. per,ohc. plhr.rrrobed reaves.
,1l::l1,:..F*'"r.
oG5 srtudu|m{.mk. Ftoen in porrcte.
subffirnat. or ebphylo6. Mdte flowm;
sl.hens fcw ro o&y. Feolb
now6: oy,ry 3{eled, Foit rrobcd,see&
compressed-
A hdott?ic geNs, altivared i[oughout
&e tropi6, sub&opis &d w.o
len!€.ale
@gions ofrh. world s cul vard
sF.io,Culriv.rcd in ou dd gnws a d
csp€ sls.
Rbl'us cott muni, L,, Sp. pt: I OO7. I ?53;
A,It dctiftc SmiI[, L c. 69. t t4.
A.D,
Mlcn [email protected],[email protected],
c. 5
h rrtt shrub. !..v€s p.t Er.ly
7_9
Fe&nq stipultr 3t.arh ovdi., t-2 ch, tongj pctiot. j.20
cn, tolg.
lob€!, p.tiold gttud
Inflo66e
&25
m
92
lory; bhcrs I cm lor8. Mal. floweG: p.di€ dc.
Catyx jobes
nn. P.rals abse St etu Z @ tong. Fffille 0oqeEj
driFic{v.c, 4.j-8 x 2-4
Fdiet 3-5 hn. Ovary 3_
.
@lled, coch c.U l.ovuted. Sr/te 2-?
nh lon8, subStobosc. FNlr ritobed. S..dr streaked
&d wirh dlrt 6tou palchcs, @rat.&.
speincn sludied: (.mjhd nitb d rie Iop
i,e I l0o atritude, t 7_q:2oo5, zmqd &
Qbboa 732 IKUH).
Wid.ly culiv.r.d specics froh NE
Topicll
Ecologlcat mre: cow.
Flowerin8
Afiie lo rop,c, srbLopis d<t em
s d 6qpc.
Fiiod: S.plehbe - Oc!ob.r.
FUMARICACEAI
Anoui, ro [email protected], gLbtu, hdbs.
Lav6 cx3tipulak, dEmar€, hasat or quli&,
phnarty d rhar€ty divided. Ftowc^
h {em6 or peiahc cyn6; zygohorpnic
2.3.19.
Scplls 2, b6cr-lik , onen .aducous. plr.ls
4. I or 2 ofth. ouer pehjs basalty
spuftd of
s!&d., 2 iocB 6h.& [email protected],
ov.r rne sdgna. slaD.ns 6, diad.lphous (4
andpa
2 [email protected]$) Carpets 2, s)r:ca4ou,
ov&y suFnor,
.4 l-My
ovlled. Iruir lsult, aaDlule
or nuttei,
A fdity ofc. 20 sdcm.nd c_5jo
spccies distriburcd in t
@gio'n ! f'w
Ahidad
'ehpeBtc
[email protected]
!d
l+
I
Asi.,
L"
Sp. pt. 699.
i'
FUMARIA
t7j3; cq, pl 5. lt4. 1754i ,at i
io e.Nsir & Ati, Ft. psl,
18. I9?4; M.Lidcn in K.(ubiEki,
Fm. & C.n.Vasc, pr.2: i 16. !993.
^ . *:,* tuulr. hshs
*id, pinn,iqr. our4 re,6. Froqs
:::::::
."" hrekoran.
l,:trl",:.
Foi e ird.hisen!
ovures.
A
[email protected]
c. 50
R.emcsi pinL putprish,
I
*ed.d
[email protected]&.ou4 wj$
?31
ir
r(_21
nuttet.
A.ci.s, DjDty fohd
in
etd &d r.mFrrc Egds orrtr
F ututo indlca (HM!'in) pnsrcy
in Joh.
Linn. soc. Bor.
Jaari,l.c,39.f,10.J.
F ndia wi anlii tn\et ve.ihdi.a
H.u$h i, Flon,
Otd Wodd.
.sj 3t3. r9l9;
56: ,t43. I E73.
93
annur. 54J cn lont pbsf.le or scddh& h€rb.
Leav.s ?-r0 x 2_5cm, subsesilc or
w'th lonS sratke!, nuch divided_ hfloecae
@me, p€nuct.n;btur llw, whirc
slighlly longer or 6 long s rh€ pddiceh.
Ftowc6 wh e, pink S.p6h 2, sn.ll,
[email protected] wiIn $inish edbrd., pei.ls
4, sho4 $borbicul&_ Filanenrs
dne^
@neEfl;
dimoAhic. Styte shorq
filifoftr sti8n.
tobedj ovary subodicuLr. Frujrs
spe.imd srudi.!: Nag'.Plrt&, Rat how,
54-7r, tbedin
6855(KUH); Kqbo-Kalidb dlh, 20 3 -03,Za mft d 249(KUH).
[email protected] in tndra pdislnl,
A rgh&risr.n
t-
& .tbtt ,taei,
od C Asi{
Dcologicrl Dotc: Crc$3 6 we€d .rcud
cultiv.r.d fi.tds in (eho,
lte n.d w.r.r
FloEring priod: [email protected]
23.20. GEMIANACDAE
Herbs to shrubs.t
.!v$
sihpte,
$ully
opposile, sohelihcs o$tate_ FIo*e6
iD
crdq,
s.pok Md perlrs 4-8. cirp.r! 2. srn!,rr.u3:
"l'*
ovar) supcrior. r:j:^.1
[email protected], ovut.s l-nety [email protected] y,
carsut..
A fMily ol c, 80 8e.d &d c.700
sp€.ks, widely dis&ibuteo ,, nop,@l pans
of botll tte
EMCOSTEMMA
Blun€, Bijdr.848. It?6;Oner
inAljand Qaiser, Ft. pa].lg?: L l99j.
[email protected] ro p.|mi.l hcrb wirh !.ssilc!
lined, laneot t. ed €nric tav.s, Flowcrs
in a
yenrelht. ctuste4. calla
r,rb!ta, l.loM. cobla lubul&_iofurdibulifom.
st!h4
Ca!6ule
desii*i.g
5.
into 2.hatves with many
rcud€d
redj.
A genu.f c.4 sp.cies, di$ribukd
in Ccnr.l Amdio,W, rndis @d
OId
Etticostemna hfssopifotiM (witrd.)
vqdoo, in
Otner,Lc.Lf,LA_F.
Etucud
,ttwpiJotiw
W|nd.
Sp,
pl. I (2): 640.
I 798.
tsorharja ?: 462-463.
world
l96rj
PDcumbqr or [email protected]€ot, pernnial,
hcrb, 2-j0 cn ia
Le,v.s sinpte, oppositc,
$s'1.. l-to x o_l_tcm,l-j, hispid atbyq gh6ou
b.tow, nn*[email protected] Flow.6
.
dillary, solitary, in cl[rc6 of2-ndy;
Fdicclar..Callx lobcs 5, ! x I m, taeolac,
errR, acur.. c4oltg ruburr, itridc
slq, orbi{rc njlky *ttire, 3-5_5 x I nm. gsmds
.p'p€blo$. Ov&y silc. Idir s.bl s&dcd,
elliFoid_ S.cd, Dbdcd, Flowish
Specihen studied:
Kd&jh&
hitl s, t7_9-03,
Zrnmrd
3j9(KvH).
Dishiburcd in [email protected] Egions of bo6
thc h€[email protected],
EcoloCical
mr.: coonody
sows in sati.. ptdrs of \!8.rp&*a bd amons th.
flowering p€riod: F.bE ry_S.F.hbq.
2J.2
I.
[email protected]
LAMIACEAB(LABTATAE)
tuql
o. p.einial,
eD.dq
rl"*" *,,
rEds vjtn [email protected]
4{sure
sr.o. Leav6 sjhple,
in v.nier&src6; zrsonorptu [email protected]
,
. csrla s{r
::,,1:i:.*:
cobllr bilipped. 510.6 4 or 2,
ttE didFms if 4, .pipetlous. C&Fts 2,
syncdpos; &mobasioj d,ry $p.fior,
[email protected]!ty 4tobed, 24 elr.d, 4h
@ll tavuled,
Frui j,sccd€d nutla, e,ctoed in
ql)4{,
lllc
A-fmily of.osmopolirrn disriburio4
conpris* ho,. th{
ljo
errc6 tu(i
c.6700
KEY TO THE GEMRA
OCIMUM
L. Sp. P|.597.
1753.
G.n. P|.5, 256. I754j H€d8c
192:2n.1990.
i, Ati &
y.J. Nsi!,
Fl. pak,
**t *'*
l"'l'
"
lateDl, elongatld q
*'.h o-Fry sred{o!.d lqv6.
Frow.6 h [email protected] ed
@ndons.d ru.Dq 6-10
h lcnicilrsbE, bscc!r., C.t), doid-
cdpburaE lo.mp.d,
"*'t
uppennosl lobe nuch shoder
th.!
rirc ouler, decDtur o. tube.
**,'pe{dine ed uppq rip lub.qu.ny
i,""1-111-t
.sen d.Nurlels to8utos nocihg.nous
on
w.fiino
4.robed. stlnens 4,
A e.nus of c.150 spai6, dis[ibut d
i. [email protected], rdnps.c ed rropiot Egion\ minly
in
KEY TO TEE SPECIES
Oclmutn basllt um L., sp. pt 597. 1753; Hedg.,
1... 294.
Amu.t or FEnnial, upro I m, la hsb. Lqv.s
,
ellipdc-ovar€,
p.riorare.InflodaM o.ddsd
nenciv.rlicilst j-6
r
p{rplc tingq
[email protected] apple,s.d
7.5
nn
lonS in truitin& 1!b.
Spaine.
stu<tiedr
(
in Asis,
is found
i,
lpiql,
I 1-9-2OO:.,
M
[email protected]
-
wirl
fldc!.dj [email protected]&, Crlrr
tong. Nltl.r oblongbrom_
&
L,
[email protected] 42!(KUH).
wirn
.
pl,597.l7j3i H.dg€,
Sp.
$tuun L.,Mer,t :85.
1
$de6 &d sases.
t.c. 295_ I 990.
7 61 _
lqves
oy6t {btong, 1.5.4 x 0,8-t,5 ch,
hoiry, gtard
surf4; Fliot. l_2 @ ton&Vcrrielsrr,
r h& [email protected] b fiuir, aoc or
rc. crrrr
coned on borh
r-6 [email protected] l_J nm;
r.s-z rnm. coml. urlo 4 nh,
:di::l:
purthh u vhite, Nuttets
bowq bDadtr, oloidclipiic.
hone 8ed.n ne& Keejhtr h,Is.
lT'Tl:-.u01,
tone. 22- I 45, [email protected]
659 .(UH).
arhoir pan r.opiot sF.i6.
""*r*,,.
peLiore
0.5-r.j ch
Flow.rinS pcriod: Sepl.hbq Oclober
LEUCAS
Bum.
ex, R.
.
Annul_ o p.Fmiat,
with
6- 10
j-
Ocrober
Ocintum tenui.florum
O. i nu n
rrowcEd, Ftow.a while
ed Africa
Ecologicrt trotc: Folnd alos $. i.DpoBry
sr.oh3
Flow.rine !.rio<tj Seprnbq
cn;
rcn x.n,
hliry insjd., pelds 7-9
Nlgdpets,
SE Asia
fruirirg.
5x2
Bi, prcdi
FL Nov,
Holed
504. I 8t 0j Hedg., Lc,155,
hairy, h.!6s wid distincl
lav.s, hdy or flow.rld, Catla
ribb.d v.inr. Coblrr 2-tilp.d.Ftun
dry
tubulli
nd.b.
96
A genus oI c, 100 spei.s, dsinly dishibured in Asi!
ud
utililoti4 ( v.n\
Leucas
Afria.
F..Br, prcdr. Fl. Noy.
houdd. jo4. l8toi H.ds.,
Lc.l58.tt9.E_
[email protected], upio 50 cn tall, @ud hc.b,
scsite, lowor with c.
Calra.5-9
2
.h
Iav6
G5
whne bcard.d, Nurt.E 4,c.2 x I mrn,
fi.c
Steia oau6
i.
lta4
cr,
ovat. _
[email protected]
lnk]dedst
whitc, towd lip lonS€r rntu upper
upp.r
, subutde.
lir. Upr6 tit'
Bledltd.
[email protected] srudi.d:Tharp..re,
O, i:w & Ctplot
&
2-3
long periole. t6_40 UoqeEd;btu&
hn, [email protected]|te.Cobla
2W z4netut
,
3860
&\tll)t
28.
[email protected]& hitk,
146<KvH).
p,tistr4 AEli. dd
E Afrie
Ecolo8icrl Dote cows on llle ptairs
wid, [email protected]
India,
dpd eo ome
dlso on tne
hilh nosrty hde rh. nGrortituk of tqge
shrub,,uch
.aduilolid atut cappois d.ddta
Flowqing p.riod: M&h
-Aprjt_
s
SALVIA
L.Sp.Pt.23.t?51:cd.pl.s.t5.t7r4:H.dge.t.c.t93.
..
Lqves*iLhsimpr.egr.rdurarh.iBb.roqtudsrandur&
:ej-h: ::hrubc:'r,.qlse6
qtre,lo decply lob.d.
rbove
Flow.rs i, v€rricil4res, bBcE!r._
catla tubutr, tGt5
v.rcd. Corcttrrith upp.r tip emiF
o. bifid, towef lip 3lobed. st mens
2, lhminode
su.liy [email protected] Nu €rl 4.
A rsrge
g6u
widr c. 900
spsic, dintiblred in !snp.Er. ed
Satvia santolinlfoti, Bois.,
Diacn. pt. Oi Nor. l, 5: 13.t844;
H.dgc,
200.t24.A-E.
An [email protected], uide htubcd, uplo25
ch 1alI.LeN6 pim.rifid,
!o [email protected] i. oultin. wirh convolure
msgins; p.liolaie. Inflo
"*ic,as,eq [email protected]
-,,*,-;"
5-
r
Lc.
j x 1.5_1,5 rnD, atov.
;;;;;";Il?'K';"f
@p.ruta!e,t4.16 nm long hriry
Comlla tinbcd, @e io tr
@ ,ois, rip..23 nn ron; sty,6
"
spainei stldicd: Katujhe
.r,^;ffi;1:'ff#::T,_f"j;
hilr s,2?-3-2005,Zanonad
&
Aldn,7s6(KuH).
9?
DisEibuicd in Patist&,
Eofogic.f
Dote:
L.I
Cn*
tud
on
Atglrdsrr.
bcky plais ed hils in
qd [email protected] tinpts
.ssnro n wrh FaYtuia ihdica
Flowding penod:
MaEh Ocbb!,
2.3.22. LEGI]MINOSAE
trq ,ith mddrled @t' tqv6 llrctut , sinpb or cohpourd.
alowq zySono.hic or ,ctinomorphic, &pal,
fd Flal, 5.
snDd 10,
Herh6, shab6 or
nuoemu, r&.ly
l; olary supqior, I qlled. Fruh a tcguDc.
ofc.650 gen.h dd c. 18500 [email protected] vo dwide
3 or 4. Carpet
A ldgest f.nily
in disributjo4
KEY TO TEE SIJB FAMIIJES
LCAESTPINIOIDf,AE
Ulully
snDbs
o r*s. L,Ns atl.har., conpoud, inpeipirnrte,
Flow.h ir ia.eb6
p.dcksi zygorophic s.pds
dd p€rlk J kh, sran.ns usualy l0 @!ty
i i ov.ry suFrior o. h.lfsuperior,
I ae|.d, Frun . [email protected]
o! p.d,
or
A
$bfh
y @nprjsj,g hoE
csp..ially in Africr. Thrce
tha t 50 [email protected] &d c.2 t 75 specla
go.B dc fouhd in ou Egior.
KEY TO
3,
c.!p.t
rnrcuehout In. worl4
TM GEMRA
98
BAIIEINIA
L., Sp. Pl- 374. t75lj cen. pt. j. l??. t?54; [email protected] f., Fl. Brir, hd_ 2: 2?5. 1876;
Ali in E.Nasn& A!. Ft. pat. 54: 2. 1953_
Tree, dnbs or dimb.6 wirh at&mre, siipt., 2lobcd leva,. Flowd in
F,,ict6,
i.miMl or axillary raceno or solirlly, Calra .nift or co a6us. per2ls with a long
claw, sho*}.
Sr.Dc
rO or
Educ.d to 3. Ov.ry sor.d on a
Snophorc. Frun a
A l&& gcn6 conpriss c.300 st€ica, dislribuled d,ougno lhe
Bakhinia
ncemw L^rfu,
v€s. Re& Fl.
Tid d.s.4 j t.
E cyc. Merh.
I
tin..r
world_ One sFci.6
i 390. I?84j Chludbn
& Chutt'i,
I966; Ali, 1 c.4.
A snrll lree, I-sves with 0.7. 2 cn tong peiiolcj allcmd€,
d*pty 2. tobcd,2.5 x2.5 _
7.5 cm. [email protected]
12 cn tor8, [email protected], Flows wiin 0.5 _
| cn IorE pedic.l ,
miculate al lb. cent ; btul! Iinea. Calra sparhmous
p.iah
6 _ 8 m lon8,
't
reflex.d.
,
[email protected], whil.. Ovary hairy; hqy ovul.d. Lguh6
iufgid, f.tcal., 12_25 x 1.52.5 cn, eynophore I 1.5 .m toDg, Seeds
bl&lq noy, 7_ 8 nm long, oblonS,
5,
Disr.iblEd in china, pakisr.., rn;ia Mymm&
tud srjl,.e.
,
sleiaen sMien: R&ge6 chek pon..e N.ga+&Itu
bai.
lor9 stnens, 26-3.05, [email protected] 7t1 (K\n
up ro o
n tal
with 9 cD
.
[email protected] @te Rqd spe.ie!,
Srox
[email protected] @d
on the
hi
T.low @rd,ta
stop.s wim,{czc,a,€ reeat, [email protected]
DELONIX
R
t,
Ft.
Tellur 2j 92.
1836;
AIi, t. c. i2_ I9?3.
Tr€6 witll bipin.ale! stpular. l€v6, Flowec
in corymbo$, [email protected]
P€rils orbicute.Ovaly with numeDN
otuis. Foir .longate4 ooPleq,
lte
8c.us
ofc,l
sFcjcs, found
i. Afrie,
Delonlx ehts (L) C^nbte,
Ft.
tvldagssce
Mad6 l:
dd
valvare.
A6ra. one is fourd jn our
396. l9t9j Ati, L c_ 43.
i
13.
A-D.
99
Poincl.tu etzta L.,
M.lium
3izcd
rc,
C6tpt.2:
16. I ?56;
uFo t0 n idt. Laves
Chddhri & Chdir,
t_c.
,1,
cn torg. bipi.rar.ly @npoud, [email protected]
4-8 pais, 2.5{ cn lorg laflell s6sile{!b*$it., 10_20 psiB,415
x l-3 hn tong,
Inflowfte Lmirt @m6. Flow.6 ddk y.ltow b.tow, pdc !bov.;
[email protected] upio l
cm long. Sepals 5, 2,3 co ton& valvar€. perals subdbiculq,
negins curle4 c. 2,5 co
lon& Strnas ddety hairy, @tour.d, 5lO cm lon&
Ov.ry s.ss,le, pod
5-20
I
G2() x 0,6_2.j
ch, soooth, 4.8 *cded.&eds resv.se.
srEin
n
stneni
24-3 45, za
st!di.d:
Rfrg*
M
ch€k po,l, N!g.rp.t&.r
btu,
upto 6
n
a[
wirh 9
.o
tong
u4 67 1 (KUH).
Disi.ibur.d in Erhiopia, A6bi4 p.tis|.tr (N.g&D€*r)
dd pro!6bty in poftbud.r 3ra&
or l.di!. Cultivarcd in noy p,ns of palisrao
dd othq courtio!,
Ecofogic.l
rol.:
R Ety
@G
on rh.
plrjs ofNags4E r,r witl ptuNpb [email protected]
Flowering p€riodr Mach-Aprit.
SEI{NA
Milt.,
Cori,
ca(
Diet. ed.8,1768.
L., Sy$. cd.t ,1751. p.
A
H.rb or shtob with @hpound,
rEipinoale t..v6. qowc6 h @em€. Sepals inbijcate,
CoDlla [email protected] Std.6 10,
3 of which e long.r r& rlle et .rd
rc1 cu(cd.
Pod €onpr.sed or reer. not qui&
,
[email protected],
A gena ofc. 350
!p.ci*, dilejburcd an [!pi6 dd ir
vh
larFnre E8ioN.
KEY TO TEf, SPECIES
Sennt alet,,t
Casi.
etu
tulnr Mi ., ctd. Di.t.
| Sp. pl, J77. 1153t CBia ne!.tthtia
Symb.Boi.l:29.19?0.
V*,t,
100
FiB,l6:
S.M dLtoe,rb Ftowq
[email protected] lFrb, uplo 40 cm
r.llj
[email protected] b.low, ,ub.$. .bov.. t .v6
uipinnd., imp.ripimf. &t4 6 ld& ehis t_2 cn; tait.B lm6td.+ltiDrh.
pub.snt, .nri4 scurc-hucbmt abov. . [email protected] n miMl or dillny
@n .
uF! 15 cn long, FI('ss y.tto, bn rar.. S.r.ls sb.qu.t. lG | 3 r GE m,
F owirh.
Petalr 5 egmdrs .ub€qut, l+t7 mh, ycltow, Sr.nFns 7, j
rcduced to slaninod..
@ry
3rcm
silq
er'pilta, h.i.y. Fruir 4 t0 s.€d.d.
Spein.n srldied: Reg.as hcrd qu&r.r, FMnid h.rb, upto j6 cd iall wnh yclto*
no*.6, 2t3{t, Zaturnd & ,[email protected] 695 (KUH); Budte, 9-9-2oo7. Zannut
9OE{KUHI
Stei* ccu6 in
pddslri, tndia A6bi4 AtgFri., Libya,
Eg}?i, Sud&, Erir..ia &d
Ecologlcal trot t Cmmon in N|g!rF!*s pl.ins,
itatrt
d
Flowcring
Ea
s l.aia
p.riod: [email protected],
[email protected]
"[email protected],
Jrrrr ,r!rr.s MiI., tu.
[email protected] RaA.l
Sre*
d
in als.ci.tion
viih.re,&
prtupi, [email protected]
Dicr .d. & No. 2. t76r.
r0l
c6r,a tal,?, (Mill_) F,w.
Andr.,
It,
pl.
Aallo,EFd. sud4 2:
I 17. 1952;
Ati, L
c.16, a3.A_C.
Sl'nb, lpto 90 cm l.ttj $eh r.ielq [email protected], Leavs 512.n
lo,g, iacbis egladul&,
elabous l -3.5 cn longj l6flc6 5-9 pai6, 2-2,8 r O.&2.5 ch, boadty oblon8
o. obovltc
glo6rous; slipules 6 nh long, pubee.
tDfloEe.noe qilary, peducltale
@nqovary [email protected] hai.y. Fotu fl.r papc.y, glabrus witt distinct
longitudiBtc6!
SFdhd sMi.d: N.g&Flt& roM n8 M.r6 dan,22-|-2002,
tuMrn 62 (KUHJi
Kqtb.20-9-2003. zqan<! 420(KUH);
Own jo wediq 40 cn rallr tsv* 5-9 6 lon&
24-3-2005, ZMdrtd & AIq 66r (KUH);
Ad!gM,22-3_2005, hnmad
59r(Kuroj BudhM,
9-9-2007,
[email protected]
& AIah
glg..iu1).
A wid. spGld sp€cies in A3i4 Wes! t
opiql ed Nonh
Ecological
mte contun
in Uc pl.j6 md
@
on
'9O,
mpiql Atiiq,
th. slopa.
Flovering period: Feboary-Ociober
ii:FABOIDEAE
Mosdy h.rbs, shdbs,
ely rs
with no<tut!&d [email protected] @v6 dr.ma&, sinpt.
or
un'prnnat- Floven in cyhes or sondincs
solirary; zygonorlhio. Sep.ls
pelals
[email protected] Sta4ht
,uDenoi or hatftup€rioi,
5.
10,
5,
Budl, dildelphos. iFIy noDdelphur, Clrp.t r;
ov..y
{eu.d, t -ntuy ovut?d. Foit a legume.
Onc of rh€ l.r8s! subfaity of
hrtdwjdc disrribulior, cohpds6
I
c.425 8€neh
sd
t02
KEY TO ]I{E GENER.{
AIHAGI
Adas,Fd.2r j2E.5l4. t76l;Ati itrE.Nsir&Ali,11'pak.
lO0: 3t9.1971.
Shdl mcd shnb wiih siaplc l*y6_Ftower in diltdy
@.n s.
becols absnr Cllta 8.nos.DotoB. pod gt.!ns, t-9 sedd,.
A Sous ofc. 3 sp€ies, haing dbtribubd
in E. Medit rdd,
N.
Alhagl mduorsd M.dic. In Vorl.s, Chu.pi
Chludhri & Chufir, Veg, R|tr& Fl. The
d.se,i,
Shrub, upro tE r.ll, gbb.oc sohctinB p!b.$.nr
phys_
o.k, ces.
I I E. t 96C
Ali,
21
397.1?87i
L c. 319,
Lavca rc25 r 3.5 m,obovsi.;
prriole 2 mm lon8j 3lipul.s oinut
.tDfloBcenc. henl, diuary. Flow.,s p.dicel.re,
t-3
103
mn
loDs.
calla 2-2.5 mD.CorcU. &ddish-pinL viobt, 19 nm long.Fruib nonilitom,
Specidcn srudied: Nagrparkd, €otri\^E4
DisEibutcd
in s.sd s. w, Asi.
Ecologicrl not.: Donjidt
io N.
ii
tt
td,25-!'-05,
Zdmftd
69./6 IKVH).
Afrie.
th. suthem prai.s ofNlgarpdl<a, lsuauy
i!
sdine
t'B h l|lsilrion wir[ CAa [email protected],,lristidafaiatda D.Most cbe hiptntu,a ei
somedm.s i. l.$ etine es wi$ Cappfrk de.du Nd [email protected]
\|i$ Trlbutu teierl.ir.
Flowing pdiod: Mlllt- .,ue.
D6v^nnuars
or
in r_
Bor
ALYSICAR"US
Dcwlu s,2 (l)j t20. t813; Ati,l. c.34t_
o! pqennill wnh uni oi bifoliotare t.des.
Flop6
in tcminal, axillary
Eens
Fricl6; niput*
[email protected]_ CilJdr &cpty divi(led. Fdir l-s..ded, &ere.
A gch$ of c. t0 sp6ies, nostly aound in fopicsl
rgions of borh the Worlds.
Altsicotpus noniuftr lL.) Dc,
c, I l9j
Ali,l.
prod..
21
3J3. 1825;
chludl[i & Ch!i.r,
L
c,34S.
E 4smn mnitilemL-Man t. to2. 1167.
DiFusely bhchcd, bairy Mul, !€aves
unifoliare; stpures 2-s m tong, sc&iousj
4
Ffole @ lorg, L.dleb 5-r5 x 5'lO nD, oblo.& tund,tnfloene l0
or tes
floweEd adeged ir sbort, dillary, raoenci pedicct
snot!, $out, Lstrx I.5-3.j m
long.Ov.ry
s . or sripiLc. pod $bglobos€j nonitifom, 2-8 joirrcd, cladcd wilh
hooted h.iu, Sceds
eill.t
.
Sp{ihe. !tudied: NagrrD€,t&,
tr&jht
(KUTD.
Dish'bui.d
iDo E$iopi!
hi s, t8_3-2003 ,r,Mr/d ard [email protected]
ro India
Ecologlcil mte: Fd.ly conno. sFci6
Flow€iin8 p€riodr
Meh-
224
panicutsity
in the w.sren plrr of
Odober.
t04
CROTALARJA
L-
Sp. Pl.
7la, lTtl: Crn.
P1.5,1z),
I
?14:
A[,
t. c. a{t.
Hdb or 3htub with limpl. or plnn.t!, l-7 foliol.r. t*vc!. Ftowd in r.minal
odDhyllors bi.l|r 2, hrelokr
ho,&lrlbui d.ry
A ln8. g.nus wiih
sll d $6q
2.|M, Nl$. Ftuir tiId{ttor&
.,t10 .pei6 foud rhsugho$ th6 topi€ ed
wirh
Cmlabtu barhloBvh"-Hs. q B.nr[
& ChutLr,
FiB. l1t
Snall,
L c. 120:
Crcbbiz
Ali.
L c.
in Hool
3ubEopics!
h.inly
ii
!.nd. J.2:.tzr. lt43; Chedtd
4t.
b$h'a,Lit
p.Mialh.rb,
0.5-10 x 3-7trE,
rehc! o.
flol6 Fpitbnt.aB $.mB
upro 60 c|n tall,
F$6.c
bot||
L.rv.r
simph, dmiduouq oblong, [email protected],
ri.h* bno|gcetong&dnerE *id,3t.rt
D.dicel.
t05
F6isLn! [email protected], 3 m.Coolta ydlow.
Sepals
!r tn ap.x;
Style bcardcd
ovrry
sil..
Foic hairy, sipirlr., 34 s.ded.
sF.imen studiedi N.garpqkr toM ns Krfujhm
nilr
22.1-OS,
Zdatsd
656
(KUH),
Djslribuled in lrdia, Pskisun Md Afghahisran,
E.ologisl not.: cb$ lbund. ly in sdy ptaitu h Nocrlllon with ,4.tu
jMica, Lptadqia Wote.tuica 8d C.Wois d.cids_ Absan fan &idic mts (pirk
sreito whire on $. lltalin mckj ocsionilly fou.d in [email protected]\6tion Ridt E [email protected]
.adwhlia, cappuis decidw dt ca.rab, larinosa.
Flowcrin8 period: Iebruary- Dcnbs.
CYAMOPSIS
DC-,
Mm- L.g!m. 230.
tdl
Amuat, upto t00 cm
dilhry. @.oqcalla
1825;
Ali,
L c. 86.
her6 with inp&irinnare,
obliqu€
w
].? folioht
leavcs.
Itowc6 in
r uequat [email protected], Co$lla pu,llish qirn spured [email protected] at
thc aide. SlaheN
non d.lpho6. Ovary ncny ovutc{t. Fruir evc6r s4d.n.
A g.n$ ofc.2-3 spei6 foDd in rrpidl Afric!, Aralia p.tisrlr ed India Onty
cultivaled sp€.i€s
MuE
in
o*
I
Egion_
Ctamopsis teiagonatoba r!.) Taubeft in Enst. & prdrt, nat!,t [email protected],f.n.
3(3):259. 1894;Chludbri&Chund,t.c. l20iAli,t.c.s6,
Pnnlea tebasotutobo L.Mnr- I: tO4. tj67.
aoul, upro 100 o rdl, hcrb; 3rer quardugut*, ,[email protected]! br&ch.d.L,av* lrifoli.r.;
pet'ol. l-3.8 co! hairy. Leaoeb l-7,5 x 0.5.5 om, ovar€, eliPlh;
sriputes 3-tO mn.
lnfloscence dillary hccD., B&r qducous, 4.5-5 nn loDg,
FtoweN purputish eith
shod [email protected] Calra oblique, 5-6,5
c.llr.
Oa&y
spccin
!
B\dh6a\
sile.
srudied:
c.ri
hequal. CoDIh ilightty longer
tne
Fruirs $breFaeon.l, [email protected]! 5-8 $!dcd. Seqtj 4 x 4
m,
IoDg,
K&lnjhe hjlts, t2O cn,
20-9-2003,
Zanntud 7 20\
m
r. , t6-343, ZM
zMtuu4l7so, t7sb, l78c (KUH);
rud 1264 127a, (KUH);
(@jh.!
hills,26-3"2005,
120b, (KUH).
Dislribur.d in Indi,,p.tisb4 Afehai$an &d Anbi..
106
Ecoloah.l !oL: cuhiv.!.d ANghout
th.
t(rp
of rhc hifL
FlovErlnt pcrio<l
s
tu
spe *ttn
N.tuFk
lxsiotr [y fo|lri on
Jawtca $d Caryqt,
ptriG dd
Patlanh [email protected],
lm
Meh- S.pt nbd
GONIOCYNA
An. Sci. N.t P..& Sd. L l:91. ,o.lt25;
Ndr& Ali, n. PlL l(I):39,t977
Ati i,
h-€
fios6
Irc.
A
Follr&
in
hclb with 3inpL
A [email protected]
gdu
fourd itr
P.lidd,
Gonrogm hir6..witu)
Fi8,l E:
Cor,oetu
,t
a
.nd
.oti!lt, dilt
Indi. rtrd
ry
on
16ir.1967:in
Sdtalr
Ati,t c. 463; lt.cc. 39.
vigNlely groving
tuoo,l5:
[
4.
r-H. J-L
8i!y gr.ni!..
PMt& h.dr, witi loE hirt b*.eh.& tac ariFiaq sik,,inpt Gt3 x 3 - j
ntL ldrl d borh !id.s, ouL q brcr y L|FhL, d{da C.lta h.tt wi|li rlFn
t$G . CoDlL }dloq vqiltn snb . Ft of qllu [r. .B.drg6 !r dc be, !-{.5
m loog.St|rn N nomd.bhu!, utLr! uFqu.l !ftcddy &f,riftrcd Dd
b.!itl.d.Ov[y dril. wirh 2- ovuLr Fruir 3{j x 2,] rnrb, subgLhou!, obton&
Dirtiblr.d in
P
sp.cimc. d!di.d:
isle,
ldi. dd Silekr
Kmjh&
hirf
123-12003,
z.Mtt/.i
43E(Kv}l],.
t07
Ecologicsl rote: Fairty @[email protected] on thc hjlL ed ,&o on slrdy
.sciation wiur .teflo ,a/,.a
prains
[email protected] in
Flowering period: Ma.h - S.ptehber
INDIGOf'ERA
L.,Sp. Pl,
l5l.
1753;
ce.. pl.
Hdb or shrub wnn sinpl. or
5. 133.
t?j4; Ali,
[email protected] tdv*.
t_
c. 65.
Ftow!6
6uuy
[email protected]; bEcrs uslally.adu6ns. Caba shor! cmpdulai€ wirh
caducous.
in [email protected]
dilley
t u.qualleerh.
Corolta
Foil li.eq- cyli.dric.
A gous of c. 100 sp..i6, minty distribur.d in i.opics dd subbopi.s of both the
N€w
ad Old Worlds. 6 sp.ci6
@rded toD Na|rpertw.
c
KEY TO THE SPECIES
l+
2+
3+
reav.s sinpl., fruir t-2 seed.d
I ea!* comDoqd,trun 1.9
L.aves nnee, acult.sbDutes ab6.
@v.3 ov&,.odrG, Dul.! b'e
Plants
&nul, t. ilDesorudirc
FrdlsDeb,[email protected]
ld.I ean.t.l-5.
--
5+
_-
se.d.d.
Lem
uDlo 60
0 bll
ro-trm
oDmsn..
Lea,r.r5.ltidicobtqs. Friok u!!o t.l
Indigolen a8enka [email protected], !l
. rnd .
--
-_
'. tkshllora
----tL-*.
d;tont. .l--|;t;;frr;]
t7l.
l?68 no, L.
(l?1D, Ati,t...12.
fl
1.H4.
SnaU shnb, 15-60 cn lau, nnch bmch.d,
!0b6.€ag nedifix.d hljc aDpr.s!.
L€av6 inparipinBr.ly @hp.und, l-t.7cn long; periotB 5"5 hm longib.nets
sttj
laleEl leal ets sub€e$i16, brcadly obovare, 3-4,t
nh
loD& obruse, cmarlinAle, lppEssed
pubesnt. hfloM.ne pcduncuh&: qilhry, re.ne, ltowes
mft rons, pub.snl !c.tn utro 1.2 nm lonS,[email protected] 4.5j
$o.tim6
globos, 4-E
sp€cimo sl'died:
S!.ci€s
$.d.4
rq
sman, Calr( 2_2_5
m
lon8. Ftoits
tino
appEsscd hairy.s.cds
slobosylid.ic, 6spr6s€d.
[email protected] hills,23-9-2003, Zannrd 440 (KttH).
o6u^ in ?.kisr.n, tre, A6bi4 E&/pr, Liby.,Sudd, Einopi. ed
108
Ecological note: Folnd
on rhe
pkiB
no{enng period: Tholgh
out llte
ycd.
ahd lhe [email protected]
hills.
I"diEof.n cordilotia \t
w ex Roth, Nov. pt. sp. 35?. l82t; Chedhi &
Chuttar, L c. l24iAli, t.d69. i t2.A-c,
Amul hert;
n
demb.nqprcsrat ,btuch.d, p$6en! tav.s siopl., s6sile
Bubs.sile, ardar.,3-t6 x 2.5-t3 m, pub.scnqsdputes shor! setaccou.tnftoncence
a
st
shod p€duncled h.sd of4-8 flow€ned, qilldry. lirowqs niiure, bishi r.d.
C6t)a( 2.3,3.5
m, tube snall, lceih tinee. Coola sbode, rh.n atr(, Fruits cylindric, 2-e.de!, Seeds
Speinen studi.d:
Sp€cies occu6 io
f,@logiel
Dt
r
Ktujhe
hi
l,
t59-mB, Zzntutud 108(XUH);
l?_9-2005,
Indon4ia,India, pekishn od Afghtuisrn,
Comhoh in the plains.
Flowerins Fdod: Auglst- Ocbber
Indigolen hochst deri Brtcr
76. f. t2.H-t.
in
Otivd, n. Tbp. An 2: IoL r8?t;Ali,Lc.
Anhual, decuben( posrt te herb, sprsding u!,1o 37 cm
long; st
h
atoosl glabro6.
Le.ves ihpadpinnacly 6npound, 3.5 cn IonS; petiole c.l3 mh tonSi lea!)er
3-j,
oplDsile. tfrinal,0.E-2,0 10.4{.5 cn, [email protected], apiculat€, p{Desce
Flowen smll
tuged
in shon ondcnc.d
snorcr o. lon8..lhe
SFdmq
atla
lcbe.
Calra 2_3 mm long, p!h6..n1. CoD a stighdy
$Derine egul. Fruit5 j.9 sd€n
studicd: Nagaipar*d
bu!
[email protected]
dgcls
chect posr, 18-9-0 3,
[email protected] 354
(KUH).
Sp€cies
@us in Af8bmtua!.
pakislan, India, Ambis
to Anica
Dcologic.f note: orows on ue pl6in! in Bsjarion with Cotcho/6
Pmepis ciwtaria td Tidh.tu kiqut n,
k @,
Flow€ri.g p.riod; Aug$t Novmb€r.
Indicotera
lhilotil
l24j Ali,l. c,69.
t9,
{L.r ) R42, obs.4: 29r
1786; uhaudnn
& chunir, L
c.
U-M, O.
[email protected] lintoliun L. f ., Stprt.
331 ,
tTgt .
109
amurl, psE rc, sFqdin& upto a0 m lon& hehcd, pu!.s.a! tava s G
subs.ssil., rihpt., 12-26 x l,j-2.6 oD, ti'4, &[email protected],
,riprtB
ninull, sc.6B. Infto|[email protected] &e, diu&, *ilh shon pcdecl..'ubcsnr;
C.tra c. 2,5 nn
[email protected],
brya rho rub.. Cooli brjghr Ed; vcxilh 4,5_8 bn lonr_
Fdilt l-s..d.d, tlobos, [email protected] uDb 2 nn s.N
Spccimi it!!icd: R&pur, 22n t.2gO2, zawtud 19 (r<rtt;N.$rprk roM,l5-9long, lobcs
rann
03, ZaMnud 3r7 (KUH-)i,ysLd,
16.3-2003, [email protected]@aut2O4<KUtD;
N![Nnn b.a&2t9-200s, ZMGrd Ett KVE\.
Distlibuhd nom Algn ri$.., p.tjsh, Chin, Indi4 M.y.tfu,Sdt
N.sr4dtr loh
rt
, Irdon*ia
b
EcoloSlc.l Doa.: F.nty @hnM 3Fci.c of $dy pt.itu.
Flowing Fliod: Meh.ociobd
Indlgol.to obttngihua EoBk,
Fl.
a.so-A6b. I37. lz5; chludhn a
Ch'rrsr,Lc. t25iAti,t.c. 7t,f. l0.C-N.
Shibl.t uF.
3-5 foliola&,
l.tt
prb.s.sr tav6 riputd., Friohr., uu.lty
Mcrih6 qifotioldq lot.6 .l&mr., 1.j.2,6 r Gll tu4 obl&[email protected],
2 m
[email protected],
wi0r lhorr bmchcs,
ftow6
iisid., lc th 0,9-
1.2
snrlt, Ed, C{ra t.5_2.5 mh [email protected] hliry ou!eid., gLbres
nn. Vcxilm hrir, oulslt., 4,tt0 nn ldg. ftujB tmtos, c8
sp..ino irdicd:Krsbo,
zaM",.d
Zaturd 4?4(KU!0i Budhls 2,t-3_2005,
Nls.rp!.Dqtr sdy ptl']6, 2t-9-2([l5, zamanzd Et6
tV9-20{,..,
587, 689(KUH)i
(KUH).
Distribucd
i! srit.DL
,ttrdir,
p.thr, nd
N.
Afiio.
tr^ologlcil Dor.: Co'tmn o! th. pldns $d
FloEing pdiod: &DtchbcFoclobq.
toor
hils.
InAgofito testillJlo', N.., prdr,2:22s. tE2t; Chudtui &
125;
AIi,
1 c.74. 1, I
Chuns, t. c.
t. A, C-O.
Amrd, FosE!r., h.tb, t0-35 cn loi& Lavcs p.riot L, 6npound, ihD.ripjnn &,
pob.st t .lLB sriplt &, 5-7 fotjotd!, atantr., [email protected],.[ipric, ob0s 4lO r
3.54,5 nn. Flo*.B m8.d in ratit. had; btuls minut , eue, C.tla 3_a.5 m
lt0
long, teeth [email protected], hairt. Cooua
'€d,2.5-5
mn
too8. Fruits
[email protected],loruloe, puhescal, j_
spainen srudicd: Ksbo, 2Gj,2oo3, zahanud 251(r\un)i Na8a+.rpokd n€s
Rdger's [email protected] posr, 24,9-2005, 24,' Mud
DisEibuted
ir
Palisle, AEbia,
Ecologicrl not : comtunly
Eir!.,
&
an
g{4$Int.
Suda, NiSe.ia ard Seneg.t.
tuund on th! pt.ir5.
Flow.ring pedod: S.pembq-Aldl
MEDICAGO
L. Sp. PL778. I ?53r co_ pl. 5_339, 1754; Ali,l_
c_
306,
or u.deRhtub willl rifolj.ie lav.s. nom io pcduncuLr., diu,.y, Eme;
[email protected] od bd.t .t . Calta cetdutal., Corclls rltow softctins porplish. Fruit
Herb
t*irted, indehisc.nq l-msny s*ded.
About 50
dd
sF!i6, hainly
s. Asia
dd
S.
in Me<tiredaned Eurcpe, N,
Afric! dd I sFd6
is @pon d
Aftiq,
W. Asia, some
f.on Naedpa**.
Me.Iicogo sativaL.,sp_ pt.1 t8. I ?5lj Ali, t. c. 30J. t 4l , A_8.
Ps.onial h.d, upro 60 cn rdlr $.o eet-subcc! pub€*n| rdv6
foliolai€j l.afleB
!20 r
3-10
m,
oboyarc,
5
a
3.
iooded. Corcll. upro 12 hm lohg.
sded.
Sr.cinen sMied: Rogccs [email protected] qud4r, cultivar.d he.b, uplo 60
flow6,26.345, [email protected] & [email protected] 7 l9(KUtI),
h it
Fliotaq
d.nlalc apicaly, bsc crriF or dc.gt
plb€seni Flowe4 blue-purpthh or lavend.r, Cal)r(
Fruih glabrou$hliry, olny
sl$ in C.
m
|3ll widr btu
C,snoFubn *ccd.
Ecological Dotc: Culriyd.d fof fodd.r
as&ainon wir\ Digetu nlticata
bur
.lso found witd m ptai.!
dd
toor hills in
Flowdiig penod: Mdoh-S.pEmba.
MELILOTUS
Mill.,
Herb witn t
CErd. Dicr.,
Abr
Ed_
4, l75,rj Ati,l.c. !09.
ifoliol& le.vB. Flow4 in dilhry [email protected] Crlyx @p!nuhG,
[email protected], Corclla while or
,tuow. Srane.s diad.lphous,Fruit ird.hisccnr,
1.4
l€erh 5,
*.ded.
Il
A
gau of c.2t sp*i.s, n.inty fodd i. $c [email protected]{ rsion ed eni..tAsia
R.pBe.ted
in our
[email protected] by
2
sFcics
KEY TO TEE SPf,CIES
Melilol$ oba
Chaudhri
M.dic., vorlcr, Churpi phrs,@j(d G.s, 2: 382. l?87;
& Chur.r,
..
t,
126;
Amual herb; lren eFcr, upio 1.5
[email protected],
oblong{borare
F!ucl.4
upro 15
m.
d
Ali,
t. c,
3
10.
n tall, lcrv.s
slipubte; tdfoliolate; lqflcrs looihe4
*rar.. [email protected] [email protected], long
c. 2 m. [email protected] *hite, 3-5 nn lorg, Fruits eticula&ly
suborbicutd, dsrgins
Caly(
vei.en, ghbous, 2,seed.d.
sp€cimd siudi.d:
KlMjhd hill., t8
Ecological mte:
Co$
9'2Oc/,, zanadd 525KuHJ.
fftqucntly in culrivar.d
fi.t&, !j$ at rinr hills dd
lhe
Flowcrirg p.dod: [email protected]€r.
l4.lilo,ts in tica
Q".J
Al.,Ft ped.n. l.
308. l?8j; Chrudld & Chull{r, L c.
l26i AIi,l, c.308,
Irlloliv
inAico L. Sp, pt.765.
tj53.
ADU,I hdb sr.n pobq6l, upro 60 co t!ll. [email protected]!cs
Friolc t-j.8 cn tong; kafters I2.5 x 7-10 nn, oblong, Iscot.le, obtuk,
retuse, mrgins denlar., glabEsent.
Inflorscenoe 10-16 oow.ed reeme with tong p€ducle,
up io 3 cE long,
pelicellate; bEcrca&. Calra c. 1,5
nn lon8. Coolh lorgd rhu dlra,
Flows
db*.
L5-4
Fruirs
tu4 vcin d, l-sed€d.
Sp€cinen srudicd: Naga.pdk&,
DisLibu&d
i!
E ofogicrl
[email protected] Ka&jh& hills, cu v.ted
Indi!, palislo .tut orh.r parts of Asi.
oote :
coM
conm
oai^6.
rreva ot
t
rdj
14.9_2004.
ad E!bF.
[email protected]
[email protected] ed
AuM
cepa.
|2
Flowering p.riodr
Meh-
Sep!.nber.
REYNCEOSIA
Lou., Fl. [email protected] l?60:
(68. em.);
Ati,
L
c.226.
Amul or p.ftDi.l, ctihbing, prcshr. or cet vith pimr.ly rrifouotak tev6,
Flowen ih dillary or
tminal @me. C.lla wilh unequl lob.s. Arrh.6 mifom.
Ovary with l -2 ovules, srigma
remi4l, Fruil oblo.&
A genus of c.150 sp€ci.!, minly dbrribured
Ep€e €d by I sp.ci.s in Nassrparkd.
I
-2 sed€d.
ii wr
pars of thc world.
It h
KEY TO TIIE SPECIAS
kan*r rucarc o rau. rruiilliiiTtul_---_-lscir
ranra nq mnee or eleJiii-jjiijfr;lold,,2
t !fl.6 miour.lt hany above, ;hd"l--p*crste bnN, glud.
[email protected] blek, Ftuit {l.bbus,,... ,.,.,,.,,,. -.,.. -..........,.\, ninika
tcnflcis silty ed slmd doncd on Uottr ildes, ,noqo bclow, grmos
ydlop, Fruir detuely haiiy,...,. ,,.,,.,.,.,,.....................R. Du\*ueno
a7
2+
nhlnchosia
Q_) t c., podr. 2:j85. t82j; Chaudhrj & Ch!n&, L c.
"thirn4
Ali,l...23l.I ll_ e-W.
Dolich8 nkin6 L. Sp.pt,726. t15?.
PeEDial herb. L.rv6 p€liolot , 4.5-20 nh
127;
toogj leafleB ()_?-2.5
cn
long, ovare,
rhonboid{bovaE, acde, pub€senri stiplles 2.5-3,5 nn 1o.8. Innoc$cnce a
few
pedicel
[email protected] aiuary @6..
einu!.. Csl)a( 3-4.5 nn, firb€ shodd rho ihe tob6.
Clbll! yellow, v.xillum ,L6 m_rruir 2-*d.d, ghbreu.
Speino sMi.d: N.grlrportd hiJts,24-tO-70, gzi:d & ctk$br l9Sl, ao4lffUrD;
Nte4pdl 2l-9-7,005. [email protected] & ArM 8/j(KUH)i
Dnvibukd in Prliss!. tndj4 MyM&, Tnibd ani Indonesd
Ecologic.f note:
Found on
tll€ stopcsor$ahi[s,ctinbincan prcsopisj ilota
dd
Flowring penodi O.roberMmn
ntnchosia pdrv .lcn a ano*,
Ati. t. c,212. f, 11.
in [email protected]
r
BoL K.w Mj$_ 41 147. 1852;
!-p.
Ill
h.ibi si.o bMcned, pbsfti., cliobin& bmoloe, tav6 p€riolar.;
nipubte; |*ne|l 0.3-3 x 0.5-4 cn, lnomb.id-rae.ely . ipdc, rcut\kbtue,
pubcscent FloNes l - 10 in ld, 4cehej shon b,ackllq pedi€l
upto j Im. Catra llbc
P.rcnnial
l-2
nh
long,
r..ti
lorger
th!
lub.,
pub.s4
vdxillm,4-6.5 nm long. Ftuits 2*eed.d, l
5_2
Ctod doad_ Coo a pal. yclow,
nn,
qane,
x 0.6
sp.cimd srudicd: Nagsp!*s hi s, tudy eil
chaJoot & Abru U6Mir
403t(KUrD; Nagirlekr, nd Mry^ dM, r8-g-2003, Zaneitd266
<KIIH).
Dhtribut d in India, palislrr, Adbia ed Afric6.
Ecofogiql [ote : Found on lhe stop6,nd rhe ptah switt R. niniha.
Flowering p.iiodr [email protected]
nhlnchosio schinpert [email protected] cx Bois., fl. Oi 2: 626. I 872: Ali, l. c.
f. 3t . x-2, zt, a.t-ct.
230.
,!i. borh.nds poinr.4 veludnous, longi pimaLly
conPoud, hriryr lcaflers 5-8 x 6-t8 nh, mncarc-rctus, or.varc.
P.ennial h.rb.!€ves pctiola& 4tO
orbiculd.lnfloiscenes l,Etuy flow.cd in uill.ry, 6cem.; [email protected];
Fdic.l 1,5-2 nn
lon& Calta 3.5.4.5 mn too& ra$ q€quat, 2J m to!8, [email protected]
upro 6 mm lor&
Fruir 1.8-2,2 x 8.5,9 mn, v.lutinoB 2_seeded.
Sp..inen studi.!:NlaatEta hitk, [email protected] M!r! de, 24-145,
Zara,rld 685(UrD.
pathaa
Dis|ribu&d in l.dia
Adbi. ed [email protected]
Ecologicrl mte: crcw lbundqily oo @ky @ nee Mays
dm.
Florcring Friod: Sepr.mb.r-March.
SESBANIA
FM. pr,2: t27,604. I263; Ali. t.c.87.
"s.,
Hqb6, shrubs or he€s *ith pdipinnrte l*vca,
Flowes in
bracts md bh.&oles slaly cadeos, Calra
art
u
hry r.cen6j p.dice[ate;
uualty lubequl, 5-rooth€d. Sr.m€ns
diddelphous. Ov.ry wirh numo6 owlsj styl.
cwed; srgd caPt te, rrun bng,
A
gd6
ofc.55 sF.iest disr.ibu&d in r.opiql
!d
subtropicrt cgbos or rbe wortd.
l14
Sssranid
14.
rrrrrz
(1.) Menill in philip. J. soi., Bor. ?: 235. l9l2j Ari,l. c. 89.
c-D.
[email protected] [email protected] L.Sp. pt.2.7 t4. r7'j.
shrub, upto 8 n.R&his 3,5-13 ch long; tealleB
Large
r
16-50, 7-25 x 3,5
nm, lines-
obloog obtuse Racen., uiltary. upro 15 ch long ber.ol6 c. 3
on totrg, @[email protected]_
Pediel c. 12
tong. C.tta c. 5
lon& tErn c. I nd. Coola y.Uow wilh
![ql€
ting i vexiuuh uplo 14 nm long. liNit 2040 *ded.
m
m
Spsinen s0dicd: ClltivaLd fictds on *ay ro Nagaryc,t{,.,t,5 m ral,24-3_05,
Cosnopolit& in rh. Old World. Cohnooly cuttvatcd to,
Ecofogic.l
mte
Folnd in culivatn
0qedea M.l Amebio hisPjdirina
e.
fouq.
wi6 ,bipM
Mn rdia,
c.ro,ia
.
Flowedng p..iod: Scp&hbq-Ocot bcr
TEPHROSIA
t€6,,
Afrur,
Syn.
21
326. 180?.
.on @Beru, Ati,l. c.58.
p€Ennial or shtob vnh urusly inpcnpinDr.
tav*. t [email protected] a i.min.l or
antipbyllous r&eme. Flowds br..&ak, hacteote absnt.
Calrr wirh
subequal tobs,
Cobua with [email protected] pilo$ v€xillun. Silrff I0, [email protected]
snclimB
dirdelphoq; tud.R unifom_ Ov.ry *ittr ney owtdi
sryt. i&wed_ FNir ohplcled,
A
gaB ofc.
300 speci.s
disfihut d in uopiot 4d subroriet Egion of de wortd.
Tephnsia Miflo.a pqs ., sw. pt. 2: 329. I 807; cillen
& Ali in Kcw B!U.
13: I13. tqj8j Atiin Nair & Ali, L c.63.
P.ennial, 15-60 cm rall, covered with white
sitky, pubeecnt hdn. Loales c.
Ftiol€ 3-8 hn long; l.afle$ 5,9, 20-35 x 5-8, [email protected]&, elliplic,
Flo{s 2-l
2
ch tong;
obr&, .cu&.
dilof$d nodc, Calla Fdisrcnt, lobca 4m, long. Coolh reddisn
piir, vexillun 5 @, lone hairt outside. Styk glabous
or beardedj stigm pcniciflate.
SFdmd
in thc
srudied: N.8arpdk&
i.e
Asha khln hospirrt, 2V9-2005, Zastuud
tt3
ll5
(KUH).
Speoios
foud
io Pakisi.r! Irdia
lnd Anbia,
Ecological nol.: Qule @mnon @Eirs ptsr $rcushout oe Eson.
Floe.ring p.riod: f ebruary-MeL Aug!s1-Nov.mb.r.
VIGNA
savi in Pisa Nuov.
cion. trtr
8ttj,
t824; Ali, t, c.242.
Herb or small shrub , climbing or prosdlt€ wirh
dfoliohtc le!v6. Flowqs in dilla.y or
rcmind fdse @ne or submbcuare cluar. BEts &d beGole sully d6iduos.
C.lla with 5-lob.d,SraneB diad.tpnou Ovlry widr 3{vut6 sryle filifomi stigda
capilate. Foit
linor' oblong,
A gcnus of c. 150
sFcis,
S€€ds usualty
renifom,
disFibule<r tlmuShour th€
ngna t ilobaro (L.)
vcld.e in
Tdo. tj:
tropiG ofbo6 in€ world_
t7z. D6ai
a]i., t.
c.244. r. 32. A-E,
M.
Irolich.t trilobatw L,. Uer. t: t't. 1767 .
o. peEnnhl h.rb; sLm posrflt., beche4 gtabDust @ty pub*.nt tav6
^nnuar
titoliolab wnh 3-7.6 cm long ,.liotq lealtcb l-2,5 cn,rrilobcd. hiddtc bi88er
$d
laicftl, oblong, sp.rulale, ohuse; stiput.s 1.5,15 nm long,[email protected] a fcw
flowe€d in
[email protected] wath long Fducl." upro 2t m tong;
Fdiet 2,3 ho ton& C.lra 2.5 hn tong.
CoDll6 y.llow, 4-6,5 nn long. Fruit 612 see&d.
[email protected] srudied: Rosd 6ide from
min bealr ofNlgdp&lcr,
2
4-9-2005, Zanankl &
-,i/ad 893(KUIT).
Sp€ci$ fodd in AfghdislcD, paris&a Indi4
Sitaita Myemr
and
Mahysi..
Ecological nolq Comoi in sddy pt6ins.
Flow*in8 Friod: F.bruqr-Msrch, Augul_Novcnber.
iii:MIMOSOIDEAE
Usually shrubs or rees. Leaves alretu&. [email protected] y bipi..a&. FloweB
in
S.pals t, fte. P.rlts uually 5, @rore Sbn.rs lO or nuncmu,
spils
@jy
ov.ry supenor, r +lted wi$
ney owl6.
Fruit
. loMtun
4.
or heads.
carFt l;
po<t,
|6
gdoa
and c. 3000
lhe Wortls.
sp..i6, <tistrihur.d €sp.cialty
Retrsrd
I leno in th. olr
KEY TO THE GENERA
by
in rh.
rrlpi.s
dd
.E
ACACIA
Mill., Card. Dict. Ab,idg.
D8tu.r!k.
M_D.
&
ed.
4, l7j4j
Ati
io E_Nsir &
F. R, Fosb.rg in M.D,
Al,,
Drstuarlr.,
Ft, pajr. 36: 2_
l9?3;
H. C.y Gev.) I :4E0,
1980.
lldbs, lhtubs tuinly tres, spinou wirh Bu y
,hyltoid.l l6v.s bul nor in o( sD.ci6.
[email protected],in.ylhd€ric, spik. M gtobos head; peduncle4
Foiyeqous or bsexlal. Sep6ls
&d p.Lh +5 @h, n6rty uircd in 2
whorts,sranens ind.finirc. pod ov!&[email protected],
m&y
A la€r gen$ of c
urrY, spec'BaE
a00 5pecies. Dainty
round in
oue.
di,Fibukd in hpics od subuopa of rh. \
ortd.
XEY TO TEE SPECDS
Acocia nikt ico (L.) D.tit
,Fl. Aeg,pl
t
79, t8t3j
Ati,l.
c. 9i M.D.
DMayakc &
Miko.tu,[email protected] L. Sp. pt, S2t.IZj3;
Chrudhri & Chunar, ve8. R&g, Fl.
\2. t964,
Tee, L2-18 m
stipll*
7-25
Thr d6!.rt,
lll. kals 2i I psi4 of pirnae, $hetms
w,& l_2 p4io|( gletts;
spine tit , 48 cn tone, slrfac!
almost glabDus{umhenlo* , t aflcrs
wirh
p6iB,7 x
Ll nh. InI]oNde dil.ry, p.!uncut.t.. FIoweR
in h.sds, C.tra
r-2.5
117
mn- Coolla rrtlow, 2-3.5 nn. Fruir
vclv.{y. seds bbct. [email protected]
7_
d, [email protected]! cup.d, 8labtuus
see<t
SFdDd
sodied: Nagsp&ltu, 2-5 m ta1t, t7-g41, [email protected]
J45 (KUH);
22-9-20U,
zhmrd
[email protected],
c230r!I.r!'l).
Disribund in S4g&t, Sudo,
Ecological rot€: Foud
Flowcdng
10
N.
Nie.ria,E d€d Sudr. , Njr. &n4 pskLt
in dE ptaios having good
n
&d
eil.
Fdod: S.F.nber.Odohei
Acacie senegol (L.) Wiild.
Mitue eEeat
Sp, pt.
4: lO7?. l806; Ali, Lc. 6.
I
L D-F.
L-, Sp.pt.s7t . t753.
Smll [email protected], upro 6 n l' . Rachh 2-5.h long,
wilh gt.nds herw*n upper tud lower
pim& &d 3 prickta al |I. b!5c, pim!
optosire o. srEolre, J_5
!6ic, tAfler
subssil.,2-5 xtl.j M, tinan, ohuq [email protected]
s 5-lo cd IoB [email protected] Crlyx
cahpaouhte, 0.8-2.J
dn
IoDg, 8hbmu!. Coola + 4 hn loog pods
5.6 &ed.d, Sc.ds
qeuhr, lino{val., [email protected],
dqt &oM,
[email protected] studi.d:(@jh.r hils" 22-9-2los,
[email protected] & AtanE3T(KJf{'.
Distibu!.d io Indi4 pakbran, Ailbia
ed
l.opical Afrka.
EcotoSl.ll ma.:
Found
Connipto,a eightii ad
,t$
o.
in
rhe
b.
slotq
and
hjtk
\9ilJ
!:utkoiia cad&jfutia 6d
plajls.
Ilowering pdiod: Augusl-JNu!ry,
Acncia
jocqwnotuii 8.^6.
churllr,
L
c. |l2; Ali, t. c.
in Hook., LoDd.
J_
Bor
I
|
4e9. r E42; Chaudhd &
t 4, D-J.
SDall tr.. d 6hrub, upro 2,5
D dt wjt Eddb[ b.rk ad r..iring rwigr,
htuy, R.chis
0,5.5 cn loiglith spD6 bh.lihs
Shrduh, al lhc upF [email protected] pirne l-4 psi6,
13.
5-
IJ cn loog. Lqnds ssit.,5-10 p6iB,
r-.1 xt-1,5
lnfloEgne peduqtd., ai[!!, had ,el]
m, gaDbus, oblon& ohus..
,hoftty l,he or uDb.thk, bdd..r..
(ar)A i-t 3 nh. Corola up
lo '] mn ton8. Ovary $$rb or s,prde pod
5.7.5
cn, 5,6 s..d6d, Eticutrtely vcin.d,
{
I-1.7
SFCimcn sodi.d. N.8np6rk!.,
I 6-J-2003, Zhdal!.t 20, (KlJHl
u.oqs in India qd P.kisr0n
ll8
Ecological note: Conmon rhougnoli
rhe
qion
esp.cia y in thc smdy dry
srrM
FlowrinCr.riod: Meh-May
MIMOSA
L., Sp. pt.515. l?5j; Ccn. pI,5.59?.
1754; Batq, t. c.29liAIi,
[email protected]$te & F_ R Fosb€rg, Lc, t:462,
Herh shruh or
satt
L
c.25. j M.D.
hees usually slinous wirh bipinnar€
hav6. Itow6 in gtobo$ h€ad
o. cylindric apikei sma , s6sih, Stahcis
$udly doubh oe luhb.r of perdls or cqEl,
ft.e, ether soa , .gtedute.Ovr.y wrih
2-norc owles. pod obtons or
link,
S.eds
Agenusorc,600species,mostly<lisriburedinkopicsedllbroAcsoftb.pond,Onty
on sp.cis n toud
Mimo$a
Shrub, 1.5-2
in rhc
@ uda
eosid.Etio..
hunar, wltd.,sp.pt,4: l0I. l806;Alr,t...27.
f. 8.c-F.
h t!lt, prickly,4_5 Dn
tong, hooked .onetimes sr.rgli r.af pima
l_6
pans.6,J.25 nm ton!. @hE
0.7.5.0 cn ton& on.n pn!klJ. reanq
6- tO parN, sesile 1d | . \.:z nm. InJtolt*tre
stobos had, etiEr, or piiF! in upFr uit. FtokN pin&
atmsous, $sil€. Catyx !mll, c.l
nh tong. Coo a iuiE ;l_J nu tong. St Dds 8.
Ovary stdked, hdiry, pods nsq
suifacc wavy, p ckly, joink 4-s.
Seds r€ddish broh,
\
t,:.:::*.",.i_",ryr
Ari r522rkuH,: on \ay ,rcm N.ga+rrd
6.'-ur. zandtud t53 n(UH),
DisEibukd in tndia, palislo,
Aaeh&isran, I{n and Aabia.
Ecologicrt Dote FEqent h Neslrp&ta
phis.
|
b (abo,
Flowe.iigpedodr Scpt obq-Nolembo.
PROSOPIs
L.,
M!!t. t: t0.
[email protected] &
Tre6
F_
176?; B.kc., L c.287; Jafri,
L c, I49i
Al', L c. 28 .
M.D.
R losbcrg l.c,468_
m.d d umed d,
Ilow6
in dittrfy
cldy shrub wirh bipinnlte lovcs,
lcafler 2-My p.ih.
cytindric spilc o. gtobos h€adsr
5,n.bus. ste.tu tO, tree,pod
ll9
dbkibued
spccies,
h hput hd
sublropi.it rcgions of rh.
KEY TO TEE SPECIES
Pod to.t2m b;;:.--t;;@n
c;l;;;F;;f:I [email protected] ........-. .p. iriloi
ine straishr t-r.t!l4lone.
Ptowls jlttjtoft (swtE)
DC., prodr. 2: ,r47. I E2J;
Ali,
L c. 3
r _
Mituv Juutda Sv9rlzphdt.
veg. Ind. Oe. 85, I ?88.
A hree shtub, uplo 5 m rd glalbus,
,
Leav6 al&msre, pinoe l-r p.j^, Echis
l_8 ch
long. teflels tO-20 p3i6, &2 m,
ehrir.; sripotes l_1.5 cn long, spi,, psiDd,
In:ottg:e
dqs., qindr, spik€,3.J-8.5 cn lone;rcdundc
6-12 m lds. Ftowed
y€xoN wilh gr..n ting.Calra
up !o ? m long 5roorh.d. p.tds,
2-3 ,!D tong. pod
alnqt erccr o emi-circule, j-8 oh hrold pale
y.llow, glEbrcus,
,
a
p.dicat 5-?
speino sMi.d:
[email protected], ,t .itu, tllge stu$,22-9-2iIJ5,
at
An in\aiee Tecies, inrtodued
fioh Mesrm4d WBr hdr6.
[email protected] l W
m
long.
IKUH).
Ecologicrtnote: orcwsinsodyprains.
fl ow.nng psiod: Meh_S.ptaDb.r
Prosopb cinaorio (L..) [email protected]
io R.p. BoL Exch. ctub. Brit.
422. t914i Ali, L c. Zg. f, j
ihosa cituroia
L-
Sp_
A [email protected] si2ed rrE , uFo 5
pt.2,tiOO.
1763,
n |!lt wilh dc{y bluch6. Lear6 bipimc,
.ll6mt
,
*n'. ,_r cn roosj piD& r-2 pii6. r2.fl.1s 7_r2 p.i6,
"u_"' """
r-5r4
llli:
hn, obtong.Ftowes
cmy whire, ealged in j-12.5 d
.,,,',*o'0",.,,
*"".,-;;;il;
*eq,
'u 'z m oDad. t0-l j sdd.
rrBftD srudi€d: Oh- jG ,adio
Dist
ib
ion in l.dia, patisr&,
E ologicil rot : Cbws
in
jllfiIiJi;,.'ifi
S..ns obtong. @mpEss€d
Wta 4
(KUH).
;,:.J,
b
[lU,24_tt4z,
[email protected]
& Sanaar to7
Afdleislq, Ird &d Ahbh.
sdy
piains.
Floweing p.iiodr Nov.hb.FMech.
t20
Specimen studicn: Nagarpa.kr,
| 8-9 43, Zo n
0 tud j
s
3
Ati l5226urDi
on
wly ftoh Nagarpdtd to Kdbo,
(KUH).
in Indi& p.lblt,, Afddjsran, Im ed AEbia
[cologicrl mte [email protected] i. [email protected]
,hi.s.
DisIribulcd
FlowdinS reriod: Seprenbq-Nov.nbe,.
2.3.23. LYTHRACEAE
Herbs, shrubs or
rq.
Laves sinpte, opposi& or whorled or !r.oare.
Flow6 in crnc!
o. !.n'clcsi &lircnorphic o. 2y8noQhjc.
Sepats 3,6. petdk absar or 6 ndy
.s
sep.rs o. lbe rjn of htla bum, &a
or so. Sran6 +6, 2-si.tc. C.rleb 24(-6),
s),rc..Fur; ov4y sutErio.! 2-6{clldd,
crch .6lt wiih wc6l ovutes, Fmit a menbr4ous
A
lh'I,
ofc.Jo g€[email protected] ard
c.6OO
3F.r.s dbtnb,r.d
in rh.
ropG.
AMMANIA
L,Sp,ll. l19,
1753;
Cd. pt.5.55.
t754_
t9?5.
D& in Ati & E.Nsjr, Fl. pak. 78:
8.
Adoar, gt.bmus will]) oirutc ftos%
ed opposilc o. whorled leve blloEscd.K 3My 0owerc4 dilary cyn.s, br.,tstar.. Ovu, t_5 eilcd,
@loed in
Cap6ule wirh many seed!.
A
gau
ofc.
30
rh.
d.hisirg [email protected]
sFci.!, dbtibu!.d in
wamq
dilc
pans
hrFr0iun.
ofltF worlds.
Anmt tt4 boccil.to L. Sp. pl. 20. 753;
Chaudhri & chufl!.,
Ttr. des.rt., tO4. t ; Da, I. c.9. t 2,
t
r
Ef;
r cn b[ hqb.L:av4 d,ne, simdc, ra7 x 0.5-e @. rmcoralc,
1::':t
oval€.l loGac a cyne. Ftow.n
f$ite-subssile, b}?elnrum. ,-, , ,.r_r.,
*.
xpaE appcrndy gtobo* with
[email protected]!
uero
4 [email protected], Styt. t, shon, Car6ute Fldish,
depFssd,
spein.n
Foud
studied: on thc way
b Ktbn, [.-9-20M,zemr4
no( p&rs of rhe Asia, Afrjc€. sd Ausr.atia.
Ecologicrl dote sFd6 gnws [email protected]
Adit &
in
during
sr.em ed [email protected] &muldins @A
nih,
abn
s8t(XUH)_
[email protected] ahng elsonal
i *wist6 *ith CnpM
mi.,a.t,
/ttua,thu
t2l
Flowine pdiod: Au8Nr-Oclober
23:4. liI2rLVACf,AE
Hohs, shrubs or nes.
L€v6
atr.mat€ sinpt. wilh
tiE lai.al
stipulas_
FIow6 sotitary.
Epicalla seSn na 0.9. Sep.ls tud perah
5 e.ch. S$ncB hdn nonadelphos. C€tl.ts
usully s-oany, syncsqoust ov..y superior, 5-ney
.d. Ovutes I _mdy in och @ll.
A
e
fdily
of norc lhe IO0 gc.cE &(i c. 2300 sp€ci.s,
Trcpi.al &d sDhropicat in
disributio, ad at$ in ronFcr. Egiois.
KEY TO THE CENERA
ABf,LMOSCHUS
Medic., Mal. F!o. 46. r?87; abedi.
h E. Neir & Ali, Fl.
tsl.
130: 24. l9?9_
D.
Phnd inM.D. Daseay|ke, Fl,
CeyC,. ) Il: 305. i997i C.Barlr&K,
Kubilzli i. K. Kubield, te.
p1.5.285.2003.
&
cfl.
Hcrb ro
ii
hdmhdb
wirh
utult,
1€mimt @ene. Epi.atlr
Vasc.
pathrIcty 3_5 toh.d
lev6. flowcs *iltary, slii&y o,
$gnoi. upt, 16 0E oi onrute. SraniDat 6hm,
antherifercus.Ov.ry 5-cclted.
Fruit Ioculicidal dehis€ntspsule.
A gcn6 sirh c t0 spccies. haint)
disibukd in Gmpe.ale and wam rclions
ot 0E
world
122
Abebnoschus
^culettus
(L.) Momh, M.nrh, pl.617, l?94j Abcdin, t. c.
25i D, Philox, Lc,l06.
Hibitcs esan. 6 L,Sp.
pt_ 696. 11
53.
Anoual herb. Leaves sinplc, brcadty
ovar..cordst , 4-30 co,
slipul.s filifom; p.liol.4,j-35 cn long.
FbeB
J-25
pe<tic.Usre,
sltr hairy on bo6 sid€sj
drll.ry, sotita,f, Epicatla
x l-2.5 nm, $ghe.b tiro-la|@ht, @[email protected] calra
2-3 cn
yenow, $hetincs pat.
long. Cob .
qhit. wirh purplc spor alb€$.
sr,ord @tum 2_2J m tong.
Fruit [email protected], 5 egut&.Seeds dark
biow.btackbh.
Sp€cioo studi.d: N.g.rpa.kd, Ksbo
cullivat.d fietd5, t9-9-2004,
(Kr_rH).
ZMrd
596
Cultiv.red in most iropiat coonri6.
[email protected] mrq Culliv.red in Dosl
on lhc nius, gows 6 m.scare,
es
ofNrgaDdk€r tor
i. youg
edibte
tuirs whit.
FloEring Pdiodr Februaty_Oclobcr,
ABTIIILON
MiI.,
card_ Dici.
Bayer
&(.Kubndd,
Urd.Bhdbs,
shrubs
Abrid&.!.4_ L t?j4; Ab.din,
t_
o
52, D. ?hilox,
t..366j
c_
Lc. 293.
q,ely sna
[email protected] wilh
uuolly ovale, €dde, pelbtale! etpuhte
in t minat hen. or panichs.
Epicatla segholl lbsdi
Sl&nirol tub. divid.d .r $e
ryq inb mry !nrheb.{in8 tit.ndrr, Frui su}elobosc,
lfune&d, 2-9 sed.d. S.eds + qifoh
Abou 150 sD€.ies, distribubd ir
$. Eopis od subrolics of borh dE hmisphqcs_
laB. flofts
sotirory
q
KEY TO TE.E SPECIBS
)23
Abditott bidentotum A,
\i*t.
T.ft. fl. Abr5s. 68.
I
E4?;
Ab.din, L c. 63.
i
IEC-D,
Fi&19: lbutiton
bt&,td6t Fbwr
[email protected] or 3psdingly bo.ch.d h.!b or sltrlb wirh sr.thte pdG..ne, rr.v6
D.riolst!.
ovd., dr.ply @d!r., 2-t6 x I J-t2 ctrL &[email protected], sm&, 7_9 v.in d; ltipold
filifom
2.5-4
nn lmg. Fto*6
wirh 1.54 cf, tonS p.dic.t.
CllF tob6 5_? m
tong.
ycllN. otov.le, ?-9 r 4-5 nn. stani.d otun! 2-3 mn [email protected], hairy. FruiE upto
l0 m. in dimad, deniqq @iqrp 3-scd.d. S..& breM, sm!U,
Speih.n 3nidi.d: [email protected] Isbnkot b N.gffF*&, s.dy $il @mtun. tlow€6
Pcr.k
!.trJw, c. I n l,ll. QatE. [email protected] & ,{6,,. [email protected], l92o
Bud';e,20t9-2005, [email protected] & At4k 825(KUH\.
DbEihnsl in hdi+ p.kisr|4 Anlt od [email protected] Aftie
EcobeLrl lo&l CoDnoity gre$
on
ts stjn ae
wjlh ,1.
Gur}
S&ty phin!
i.
tr [email protected]!,.
Florcri!8 Pdiod: F.bruty-S.!r.mb...
Arutilon ftuticosum Anill. &
lE3l: Abcdin,
t.
c.5t,
pcE in CuiL
., at, Fl, Smcgub, Tor I : 70.
t ll. A-8. l9?9.
121
P.mial, upro 120 cm r.lt hdb.Leavcs &$ih, ov.re, 0.4-9.t x 0.3_?.m, &uiq stipulcs
3-5 nd long filifom. flow.u
tello*, pedic.t 0.5,5 ch. C6lra 44 x 3 nr4 tobes ovaic,
ctrflE, pubesr ollside, p.rals 5.7 x 34 mm. snhinat @lunn snau,
d.bou or
stuate pubesdt, Ftuit cyti.ddqt, globosj nericarp 2-3
e.{ied. Satts dek broM,
[email protected] srudied: Nae&pqlG hi s, 25-tO-i/O,
4017(KUH);
Dislriblt
N*
dm,
Kalidas
19-9-03,
e,jpt. ahzho. & ,[email protected] HBek
Z4tutut
j8O(l<W),
! ir [email protected] Africa Anbi{, India d{i pstistd.
Ecologicrl notc: eufte comnon in
ihe Esidui deposiir dund $e hitb,
Oe
sline
rea
in Nasarparke,
dd ale o.cm
oD
Floweri.g Periodi S.ptenbrFreuary.
GOSSYPIUM
L,, Sp.Pl.693. t753; Ccn.pl. 5. 309. 1754.
Abcdi,, L c. 28. D. phitox, l. c. 315;
C- Bayd & K. Kulieki, I. c_ 291.
Herb-url.rshtub or shrubs with
Ftolale, patmalety lobed l6ves. Ilowe.s diuary,
sol'lary; large, rhovy, pedi€thi. wi$
3 larg. epicalyx sgE.ots. Sceds ovoid,
usully
h.iry dd in 3-5 locutioidal cap6ute.
A
gc.u ofc,
speis, disributed in rlopi€t Dd subcopiat
E8iotu
Gosslpiutn hqbac.nmL.,Sp. pl.69l.
lTj3iAHin,
3J
t.
Amuai or
[email protected]
hcrt_
tav*J p.lnar.ly
oa
rh. wortd,
c.30.
tobed,2-5 x 2_5 ctr\
plbehr
steuate [email protected]
abovq
betowj p.liote 2.3.5 co long. Flowcn
,ejlow, 4-6 ch in diln€ter;
,edielaa. Epic.lla eeo.nts lar8c, foti&ioos, @rt r. !r
ue b.*.CstF cuputr,
toothed, 6-7 mn tong, undulaisy
5-? tobed. pcrlls 2"3.5 x 2_5-4 ch, obovare,
Slobinal
@lh. I ch loi& [email protected] in rh. opp.. nslt
fruir [email protected] o. [email protected] 2.j.j cn
long and bFad.
Spccinen
S*& 5-? in c&n cel, hai.y.
sudiedi N.eqFrt&, mlrjv.ted
fietds ofotis,
t?_9-2OO 5.
736{KUH).
Cultiva&d in
$ne
wh
tropiel @unrria for
Ecologic.l note: [o!nd
oD
i1s
Zahutud &
nbeB &d also rhu<t
6
Itu
wild.
th. K&mjhd hilk ed lhe phins.
Flow.ring p.riod: Meh-S.pi.mb..
125
HIBISCUS
L., Sp. PI.693.lTjtjCcn. pl.5.310. 1754.
AMin, Lc.7j
O.
thjtox,l._288;
C.
Bay.r & K,KubiEki, I.c, 284.
Hdbq
e'd rres, !tully pub.tur now6 in diu.ry or r Eccne veioq
in
olou. Epica.lJ4( 3-h&y. S.plts ed petols 5 .ach. Slbinal colun usully
&d.dfeDus thoudout or o.ly in $e uppcr batfi otary j{.U.d,
och cc 3_ndy
sbrubs
ovul.d. Styhs 5,
fe
above, @rna& bctow. Scds
Mifom.
A genus of c. 250 specios. @inty {bund in lhe tropial
&d lubuopical rgions of bodl
IIIE SPf,CIf,S
bmhed 3hrut_ :__7/,@rs
sb . or sn' po5rarc helh... n @;[email protected];
KEY TO
Pmtus:lv
Hibltc6 aritttrstris [email protected],
Annuat senipbsrraie
in
Bor z.ir. 7: 849. t849; Ab€din, L c.
b [email protected]!al! hcrbi ltem $fi.
19.
t
4.
vitll sinple ad st llaie h!iE.
ch lon& cod.r€ or rlner. d ur. bsc; obruse or
a.utcj
Fliolo 2-5 cn tongi stiput.s 1.5-3 m. Itow.6 sti|,.y. Epi€ryx
segDdrs 7-tO, ?_lO
x l-1,5 nm, &uG. C.lyx lGt5 x l-j om. tobes,
ltueolare, ovat€, Corol. pjnlist-
tav6
@vercd
3-5(-7)lob.d, 2-7
puryl., otugc, emaimcs p!1. y.ltow
wirh purple cdt .; Fde obovaq 15_20
x 5, t 2
nm. Sronitul tub.4-6 nn long, [email protected]!e
the niddte. Ftuire gtobos, balc4
hkpid at rhe lop_ Sccdr bl.clq 34
in ech cdll.
SFcinq
srudi.d: Kalidts d.n,
3 O-aO
c^
tzl.,
tg-rl:., Zawnd
Plol found in trtpicat Africj, Anbi4 lidj!
@d p.lt
Ecological note: Connon oo kdy aes,
th. hills
*it^ EB6 bd Dipcai [email protected]
399 (KVH.).
a,_
.nd in cutlivatcd ricrds ed dt$ gows o,
Flowe.ing Pdiod: Fcbtuary-Sepr.nb€..
Eibiscus miuarrthus L. t.,S!ppt.
308. t 28l; AhedD. L c. 15. I 3. r€.
P€E.ni.l hetb, 30-70 @ tal vi$ brisrly
haiR. Le.v.s srte sbove, petiokt! below,
sinplc,.al0cfta1€, 0.5-1.7 x 0.5,1.5
cn, stell.r.Ioiry on bob 3urrrles, cliFic, ovaL,
&ut , dcnlar; stipules spin -like, Flowq!
di ary, sotilary, [email protected] O.j_4 cn tong,
t26
cylindiic.l. Epiqlla seeDenn 5,
,lanGoht
. [email protected]
pinl, hairy
tecel.&
or
tin.e4_8x
1,2_4
m.
Sepals 5
r
2 mn
Frui 8tobos, [email protected] brow, Mifotu, ,m6l|,
sp..inen srudi.dr Nas'rparrtr hills, 6OJ0 cn r! qiri ftuir!, pa [email protected] &
chaJoot 4062
(KUH)j Nasarpa*r, l?-9-03. zdzand [email protected] (KUH)Distribu!.d
in M.d.8M,
Ecologicrl
outside.
Trcpiql Atric.,
mte
Sourh
cbws in shad, pl.6 on
Cotuiplbtu vistuii,@ty on *dy [email protected]
rt
Afric., ArElia, patin n l.dj!,
hills
ed
r
lhc micetiD.G
of
Flowoing Plriod: S.pr.nb.r4doba
A, G6y
i.
MALVASTRUM
Men. An. Aad. sc. 11.4,21. 1849:
Abedin,1,c.89; D, philox,
l.c.l13.
AMud 0r poemial witn eftflic-.ntiF tob.d or untob€d leav*. Ilow.6 in t miml
spilc oi diU.ry feicla, sndirei $tir!ry; [email protected] Sepats &<t
Flls 5 .&h.
st minal tub€ beclFd ir rhc lFx.Ovq j_hdy @ttc4 c..h el t<wted,Ftuir a
*hj2oc$D wirl ind.liMt mnc..p.
3 sp€i6 @ found in NorrlBD [email protected], 2 oflnd d iD Sourhem [email protected]
is
MahasEum co.oriendetion
Abcdin, t. c,89.
t
9.
lrr
(1.)
Cek i. Bonplddia
5: 29?. tErT;
c-D.
Maba @tunand.liana L. Sp, pt. 6gj, 1753
Annual or p.r€nnial, 50-60 ch t I her!, L.av.s.lupti..ovdl€, t-? x 0.5,4 cnj p€riol.s
0.5.5 cn loag, sr.llrte hdiryj stiput6 lin {[email protected] a.unimle,2,lO on lon8.
slillry or in f&icLsi p.diel t-5m long, Epicdra egn6r3 3. 3-7
hm loa& li|[email protected] S.p!b ,t.5-8 r t.5-2 mm, &[email protected], hri.y our.id€.
Flowc6 diUs.y,
P.ols 4.10 x 45
nn,
rl $. be. $rhiDat nrb.2,4 tm tong,
Slabos. fruns gbbulrc ndiq46 ?14, boM-bhck.
Spccin.n lrudicdl l<Abo, culliv.rcd ff.lds, lpto 50 h ra!J, t7_94:' ZMutud
[email protected], obovrre, h.i.y
34lKUH).
Found in TopicalFgioro ofbonb New
Dcologlcrl !ot.: comoi
dd Otd World.
on good draimSe soil with ldge sbrubs md
&nurs.
t21
Florcring p.riod: [email protected],
PAVONIA
&v., Di$,2. App.2, 1286; non. CoBj D. philox, Lc.326j
C, B.yq A
K.Kubirzli ii C.Bayd .8t K. KubiEti, Fe. & O.i . vsc. pt.5:
2sE. 2003.
Hdh$shruh witb Ftiotec, slipul.q kav.s tob.d d uloH.
FlowB uqtty
solit ry or in @.m. or p€riols. S!yt* doubl.
rh. iunbs of cdFh.
nuftoB tilMdr'
A 8enr or c. 200 3FciB,
ail&y,
Sl.ni{t o!.
D.5B
disdibur.d in
wm [email protected] of borll lhc hdlbph.G.
Follorins sp€cis Eows in
N!s&F*r.
[email protected] anis (".) c.r., Dis.
FL
P.L
3: t 34.
r
48. f. 2. | 78?i Abcdin, t. c. 66;
ir
l. c.98. f.23. B_
Und.slhb, atnost hj9id dd lonS sihpt h.iry.L!rv6 Eirob.d, upFr
otu oriE;
stpul.s filifoin,3-5 nm td& Friotc 4_1.5 cm toD& Ftosc sillrrr,
elirlry; [email protected]
24 cn loig with. joinr.!oe. rh. c.tur. Epicdyx eghdls &t t, titifofr,
A.., h.jrv
l0l3 mh long. C.lyr 4,6 6n long; *F& @od! ar rh. bde. Cdolt. l-t_s @ tdg,
truo4drri.g pirr, Fruir3 Slobo!.r hai$ mciorF 5, wiig.d 4 dr bbrd. Seds
sp.cind sndi.d: Krli&s d.!!L j o n t \, 17-9.03, z,aera.t 34E (KUm.
Ditrribod in Tbpid AAi.1 ADbi4 p.linin, bdi. .d Srilr.lo.
Ecologicrf mte,: Connon in lh. phjs, gtuws in [email protected],.a4l,/a&o.
Corchou trilocaldit, Corc|btu Qst @, Atuia nitoticadn [email protected]
Re
Flowjng Fiod: MGh-Scp&mb.r,
SIDA
L., Sp, Pt.683. 1753;
Ca,
pt. 5. 106. tZJ4; Ab.di4
I. c, 76; D. lhitox, Lc.j47;
Bltq & K.Kubitzti, 1... 296
Hert6-und6habs. Lav6 rlt drc, ilipul.r!, tobcd 6orly pub.ql eirh long p.riol..
FloqcB qillary, solirlry q in o.dc or
D€nich. Epicdra 6uuy rbsr Cerp.li j- 14.
C.
A
gcnus
ofc, lto spei.n
hemhphca.
Mdi ofthm
e
diir.ibut
found
o.ly
d in
rhe Eopic!
{d
subropi6 of both lh.
in ADcrica,
128
KEY TO THE SPECIES
.ms no. of denclrD6 5, Mll....... ....t dfd,,a
Comlla up|o 8mn *Ns no of nsicrD ?-& |a,s.... ....... ....S. /rFi
l+ Coolh ur{o
20
mn
,Slla co.dara (Bum.r.) B&s. ii Blume l4 (l)i t 82. l966i Abedin,
2l.E; D.Philor,
Ft.liL
t13. t768.
Pemid hc6, sni prcsr!&,4+80 co lmg;
st
Lealcs ov*e, leccolare, I -6.t x 0,5-6.4 cm, lcure,
b€low, scllate srrigose abov.; sripules lan€eolot ,
nm lon8.
S..ds
boM,
1,5.2.5 cm
loig p.dic.l,
o [email protected],
&wiMte,
filifod,
sit|!t,
[email protected]
gif
hrjry.
coidare, sr.llaie pubscenl
t-4 nm tolSi p.tiohs 0.5,4,5
etirary, Cal)a( lob.s
5,
tus{t to
m,
hi6ut ourside. CoDlk [email protected], j-8 bn ghbes.stanimt tubc
Froit d.pe$.4 globoe 34 m4 mdicj4s t, pubceen! 2.5 m ton8.
the middlc,5 x 3
1.5-3
.t
1c.349,
M.lochio @ada Blm. f.
cn long. flowcn wirh
l. c. 78
oblong, gllbious.
SFdm.n s((tiedNagarpek!, Rage6
Ch€ck
pG!
18-943,
Zzrznld j59 (KUH).
Disrriburld in Topiel &d sulltopiet EgioN ofborl ihe Wod(h.
f.ofogicrl mte: cows
in Mdy plains wiih
pehic.tildnit Cenctus cilioit &d vigtu tl
CoNtrlt!6 pcortata, Ceah,u
obata,
Flow.rin8 Friod: [email protected]
Stdd ,rr8ti Bhdd!.i in
Situ
An
Ari d @tE t6: 455.
Nti'tatica Ab.din in tak.
J. Bor.
pn.
t(Dj5.l9?9j
in Fl. p.L l. c. 8?.
I
21,
plbscen! ltem branche4 lower bmchcs posna&. Lov.s
elliplic, l-4 x 0.5jcn, obtu$, mdgir $r.r.-cEn.tq Fiole 5-lj m
Undershrub, uplo 46 cft t!lt,
oblonS-or.t
or
$ftdim
Ftov6 qjll&y, eliri.y, ycltow; !.dielta.I..
Calta 6-10 nn lon& @m!& p.tt dguld, lob6 delroid, t? m, euninate_ CoFlta
1.5-2 cn dcrcss. Fruits deptlsed, Sloboei n.ricd! 7-8,3-4 mmi $medms mor
long;
stituls filifom
[email protected]_
eli€ukt., 8l.be$m! [email protected] s.e& ddt b'om.
Sp€cihcn sludie!: Nagrrp.*d cultivri.d fieldi 249-2005, [email protected],,@,rd
DisEibur.d in |j!li., Pltiirs.nd Aralie
885
(KUl0.
Ecologlcrl not r A @mFon sp€cic of th. ptlins sd for nilb.
t29
Flowe.ing periodr Maeh,Seprenbe.
2325. MELIACEAE
shnb6 d tEs. L.d6 alr.mar., [email protected] y I or 2 pim.icly
€elled
a
A fmily of
Floq6
in p6nicle
uully
cyne. SrlD.ns
ntuy
@npourd.
8-t0 , ndad.lphoLs. C$p.ls 2-6 or noF, syrclrposj ovlry 4
numbci of carlels, tuh c.ll wiil 2 ovuLs- aruit o qpsuh, berry or
morc
i
$d
50 gen
6 bd
c. 600
spe€i6 of nopiql
dd
slbLopial
KEY TO IHE GENERA
AZADIRACHTA
Adr,
J!$. in Men_ MB. pd,
Abdllb h E,Nsi! & Ali, fl, p.r.
19: 220. lE30;
r1:5.1912,
Tcs *iO
pirhr,& lav€s
dd s.na&, obtiqe L.t!t. Flova in dil.ry p&jct6.
S.pals &d Flrls 5 .ah. Sbmds lO, hoDd.lphousi dlll6 esilc.Ov.ry
3a!.d with
2-ovdes
€eb $igha 3-fid. Ftuir
A [email protected]
s dope_
Senur with 2 [email protected], chieny found
rhroughour rhe Old world. Repr.senrd by
d. fo
i.
Soutn
ed
SE Asia and .ulriv.te{t
osing spe,6In ouEgion.
Artdirachta inllca ae. tB. in Md. MB. ?d. 19. 221. l83o; Abdu[., Lc.
5: l?.f.l. c-E,
An der gGn rE upro 15 m t:tl, glalo6. Lav.s inpadpin a& wjlh pultinB be.
[email protected] alrma& or optosil€,2-7 x 14 cn,
ov.r.,. ipli.. Fldm sijla.y,
pdlc whiie.
obout, l.t mm long pubeolous, jnbric.r.. perals 5-6 nm lon8, obovate,
oblong- Slhi.al tub. c. 5 m long pub€tutoust dlh6rs obtorg, SBL lin d, Dtupc rSepals
see{ted, oblong,
sFcinen
y.llowisn [email protected]
udi.d: NtgarFrt{,
sdy 4e1,24-3-Zf{j,Zt ,e/d a_!b,683(KUE).
A .arivc of Indi! dd Chim Dow cuftivd.d $Dughour
p.tisrd .nd !t$ nanlt.li4d.
ll0
Ecological note: Narudliz.d :[email protected] Oe phid of Nas!ryeklr Md ,.t&c,i2
hilotia, tuosopis cleroia, Zhjphs nMn"taria, ctdia teB ed Catonopis
Flow.rins Fdodr
M.ehJuft
MELIA
L.,Sp.pI.384.1?51;Cen.pt.5 182. 1754:abduua,t,c,7.
[email protected] uuollylvi$ bipinnat lsves ed s*ate lc.flet6. Flows in di ary pMi.tes;
smll-
Sepals 5-6, fuscd, Pdrsb
i-6, free, Sllm.N lo-t2, monadetphous, Dhc pr6eni,
qpirc_
mularj ovdy
3-6 @lhd. Sligma
A 8€nB wnn
c-15 sp.cies widely disltibuLd lhbughour ihe
Fruir
! druF
AElralid. R.pG*ntd by lh. foltow'nB rFci.s in ou
Melio ou.la&ch
[email protected]
p€rt! of Asir
dd
cgior
L., sp.pt. | 1i84. I ?53; abdulla, r, c, 7
tol5 n t . Leavs 2-3 pimte, !p lo 60 cn
.llildc 20-50 x 5t9 nn, soltesuledre. [email protected] 2-3 @
MediuE sied deciduous
I-.afl€Ls opposile,
.
Ls
uplo
long.
ton&
Plb€ruloa. FlowB sll. Calya lob.s sndt, p.llts 5.5-9 m long, s!.nll,rre ro
lMlar. - Sr.nin.l tube 5-7 mh long, tO snilr. b&Iy. Stytc 4-j nn lo.& Ftuit
ZMntd 557(KUHJ,
culrivard in ndy poft of wm
SFcimen studied: Nagarpdks, I 4-9t004,
Il
is
!
subhimlrn
3pecies, now
Ecologictl rot
: Ooes in $e plaim wirh [email protected] ,itoti.a
A2iphu Mtltuia .tt [email protected] tew
rc8ions
prosopi,
of Asia
ci*tu,
Flow.rirg D€riod: Meh.Jun.
2.3.26. MOLLUGINACDAE
Amual to
P.lab
FEnrirl h..bs wilh Nally
$et.
opposirc lqv.s_
now6
solir.ry or in cyne.
Sren.N 3.20, Ca4els l-5, synclrpos; ovary supqior, l-5 ellcrl Fruit
A smu fanily with c.l3 Sdca
r.gioru, panidhly i. Afrie.
ed
IIO sFci.s, disEibut d in t opical add
a
w
t3t
GLINUS
L., Sp. PL,16l. 1753; C.n, pI.5,53?. t7j4;
y.J.Ndn
in E.
N6ir & Ali, Fl. p.l.
!0: l.l9?3.
lqves
opposir€ wilh cluslq of
floveh
in
diltary .yhesj sube$ile, poLtoid srami.od.s
nEny. srmetu 5-12,
or!ry 5{eled,
A genB of c. | 2 spei.!. foud in hpiot ed suLbopidl E8ioN.
Glinlt lotoi.Ls L, sp. pt. 463, t ?53; ch.ldltri & churllr, vcg, Rsg.
d6er! 80- 1964; Y.J. Nsir, in E.Nsir & Ati, l. c L , A-D.
Procuhbcnr dnual upto 25 cn iall, @vered piih 3tcllde.
taves
Fl.
The
sjnptc, opposite, 9.12
nn &o$j
slborbiculd! obovab; Detiole t.6 md lon& tnflonence lemhsl,cllst r.
C{l}a 5, FBi{eor, 3-5 mn, hriry ou$ide. Sraninod. t5, whiL_Ov!ry ovoid_ Ftuit suts
Elobos..S.€ds
SFlincn
ndy, minui.
Nagarpdkr. footti|s, 11-92OO?, Zandtud
studicd:
Spri6 foud
(KU:f).
mostly in wam.r r€8ions of O. wodd.
Ecologicrl note: Folnd spredine in dry
rb*.dng
340
ponds
&{r {im oft.n wnh col&,,a
Mfth - April.
2.3.27. MORINGACEAE
penod:
oaq ldg., 2-3-pinn.i. t.!vca. Flowe6 in d.ns., sillary poictca;
zygomrphic. SeFls 5, @nna& b.low. tei.b 5, fe, [email protected] t, rlten dnS wi0r
slaminod.s. Carpcls l, itr.lrpous;ovary superior, t slled , ovllcs hsy. Fruit d
Usu.Uy L.ca wiUr alt
elo.gltcd pod.
A unigcneric
Seeds lsrge, wirh or
fdily
wirh morc
rhd
wirlour
lO
3 wings.
sp€.i* distribul€d
in
Afric! dd Asia.
MORIi{CA
Rned.
l8r I.
d
Ad.Ds.,
I 973
Fm. Pl.2: I
18_
579. t?63;
j K. Kubirztj in C-Bayq &
K
eais
in E.N$ir & Ati, Fl. pdc
KubiEtd, Fan. & ccn,Vsc. pl. 5;
3
12,
2003.
A genus of no.c
lhd l0
sF.ica loud in thc Old Wodd,Iolloein8 sp€ci€s is fomd in
112
Motisgo conconenses Ninmo !x Drtz. &
Ch.udhri & Cnwul, VeB.
tdg.
d6.n,
Fl, Th&
I
Cibs., Bonb. Fl.
r
Tei
3lt.
186l;
4. I 964; eaiser, L c. 3, C
utlo 5 n t ll. t€!€s bipinnt! 1545 cn lo4gJ.{flels i,3.A x 1.25-2.5 .m, .
odi.ula, 4-6 pri6 wi(h lrtiatat d, pciioluL c.3_0 mft long. [email protected] lu, psictcs
upro l5 cm [email protected]& Flo*€6
[email protected]
Sepals
pinl vei.s!
c,45
satl; [email protected] [email protected]
uprol.t, m in nuiq deflq.di
oblong, *nit., Efl.xc4 8.5-12.j mn tong pcidr y.low with Ed or
oblonS or oblong-
sp.t!t.&, c. 9 dh. Slsiod6 +5. pod lintu, ,iuguld,
.m long, S.eds rridguld, wing.d, whir6, or p.1., yelloh,
bM n.& $. r.mpte, hee c. 4 n, ia ,latl€ts
tourd @, 24 -3-05, zznmd 673lKuH.).
Sp€cimcn studied;Naearpektr
L5 ch, + o.bicure,
t_t.5x 0.5_
Dislribuled in India and paldslao (Nagaipsrta),
Ecologicsl mte: Ar impon4t sp.cies of K&djh& hilh
Flowrin! Friod: OctobeFMdh.
in
[email protected]
23.2& NYCTAGINACTAI
H€.b6
io smau
[q,
dichoronoBly b6ch.d.
Lqve sinpL, ,lrdtr& o. opporii..
Flou6 in cymc Buatly sull.d.d by foliacios .ad @loud h&ts Sep.b 4,5. lcrats
ab6crt. S|lnens l-lMy, CarFt t; ovn y suFrior, t {.[.d, I {wled. Iruir
a nur
A
fb
y of c. 30 gd€s a8t c.
4OO
sFci.s dislribuld in tmpic€t
ed
9m
Egio8,
BOf,RIIAAI'TA
L,, Sp. Pt.3: 1753;
cfl, pI.5.
I19. 1754; y.J.N.!ii, in
3. r977.V. Birhi.h & U,Kuhr iD K. Klbiuki,
& Ali, Fl, pat. I l5:
C.n. V6c. pl,ll:481.
N4i
fm. &
1993.
P.tcdi.l hdb wilh gtdduld, opF6ir. ba!.s. Ftow.F i, copilre or
Flicutar. @cmB;
[email protected], $sile or [email protected][ale. pcriDih s-tob.d. Srrtlfu l_5.Ovary stipihte. Fnir
3m.ll, .nclos.d in the
Frid0r r!b.
A 8.nu otc.50 sFci€s, fobd in bopi.rl
unircd s|.r6, only ooe sFcies is Epon
[email protected] rcpers L'Sp. pt
d
3.
ro subrropi..t pdrs tud S.
frcn ou a8ion.
I
zjl;
y.J.
Nsi.
Lc.. 7.
ENF
aM
S.
Pers.nial, speadinS uplo 80 cn. L€!v.s sinpt., 0.5-jro.2-j.&d! ovaio,
obloogsubordate. Fb96 in ailtary cyne; br&t ed btuhrte wal! with
[email protected]
mpdular, pinljsh-uuvc, Slh.ns 2-3_ Ov.ry ovoi{t. Nut sD.ll.
sp€cincn sMicd: Nagdp.*{, 2o1t-2002, zztuttd 8o{KW;
K.djh& hills, 20-l'ugin.
Pe.idth
Zzna.ltd 2430Kult; Ntg{pdku, I B-9-2OO1, ZaMtud 36j
K\rH); papl.,S9-2004, ZaMmd 568 IKU+D, tlse'F$b\22-3-2.{j,
Z,@rld 654<KUjPI).
20n1,
SFds
found
in Ttupical Anica &d Aia
Ecologicrl mte: Fatly coenon in O. hilk dd ptains. grows L dsoanon with
Amrhthw ,nidis, Cbone [email protected]\ utd crkandrcpsk gwndrd. Ofrd a witnin
tt. .tvnps of Elphofiia coducifolid,
Flowcringperiod: Almostrcu.d lhe yee,
23.29. OROBANCEACEAX
Ahul
to FEnnial, bdbs with !6ruidc, lub.bus @$ ed scaly or n€shy.
al&mtc
lat€s. Flowe6 in cyn6 or spik$; zygohorphic. S.p.k 4-5. Corclla bilabia,te.
Si&nd
4, didrnmous. Carpeb 2 3,
A
fdily
of €.I5
stlr.rpoB; ova!, supdiot, l+U€q Dny owled. Ftun
gdm a.d noE tha
subi.otical egioB ofrhe Old
a
sFci*, dist ibur.d in the LoFEt. dd
Wo.ld .rd als fouftt in d. Norrh h.nispb.E.
200
CISTANCHE
Hofimg. & Link Fl. porr
lr3l8, t.63. t809iJsfrii, E.N4ir& Ali, Fl.p{t.98:
5,1916.
FloweE emeed in l&se spikei b.&6.te wirh
lob€d.
Coblh wirh
$ui
y [email protected]€olc. Cslra lubule,
4_5
tlob.d. Slan€ns subexsen d, Seens subSlobos.
A genus ofc. 15 sleies in Aiio - Asie rgiori R.pclotcd
by singl. speics in ou
subequat ,
Cislorche ,ulkloso (!*l!cnkt Hmt. t, FL Brit Ind_ 4:324. 1884; Ch.trdhij
& Chuttff, v€g- Rdg_ Fl. Ths dcs.!r, I t6. t966; hti i. Ah .e Nsr,
Lc.5_ f. I_
F-1. t976.
Phefun a tubulotu Schnn\,
pt_
SD€. A.S,pr-Arrt. 23. 1840_
r34
sr.n.ecr, uFo 150 cD tall, yc ow_hrcMist. Soal€s
14 x 0.4_2 cd, boldty linedor
triqsuh, acuc. C.tF [email protected]&, l4t
E m tong, CorcIa y.llo* *idr purptc
tin& llbule, obe lon& ,[email protected] Fdis
oroid{blon& @mF$sed, bqLd, n&y s.ed.d.
Se€ds matl, d&k bbm.
s!..jnen sludied: K6bo culrivaLd fietts of
capsitu @w. ot ,lo @ loDg, 2+3_
200s,
zdnetun
661
lKuH).
Dishiburion N. Africa, AEbia, W. Asia
Ecofoaicsl mte: pdsitc
Flow..in8 pcriod: Augusr
_
on
tn
ro
pdistln, Iidi! dd c,
Asia,
roor.ot ptusopir
.irerdi. dd
Catotmpi, [email protected],
S.pr.mbcr
2330. OXALIDACEAE
Uruuy hqbs wilh tub€R d htb6,
q sbhben,r..
Sepats
Lov*
od Frals j.
Cdpels 3-1 syncaposr
d!r'
l(ul'cid.t rapsut. or berJ.
A f.nily ofc. 6 gencE srd c.
900
digit Gty l-fotiohte.Itow.B usqly
solit ry
Slancrs 10, @nor. d lrrc b6&, in r*o
whorls,
superior, S_5
eled,
ovul€s l-2 in
spe.jes, dhrrjbutcd in rropicat
*ch a&.Foir
qd snbropi€l
!
rcgions.
OXALIS
L.,_sp. pt.4jl_ i753j ccn. pt,5.
t98. t75.t; y..,.Nsirin E,Nsn,
& Ati, Fl, pat,
n,,- 191,e_a.C**i h K.KubiEti,
Fm.&c.r Vcc, pt.6.288. 2003.
rrow.b slirlry; Egrla, Sron.ns
",-..
noardetphousi [email protected]
ro each oths. olary rarbd
u,i
;;;iffi
A kee gems @nprising
^
ofc
fiT:il:LTJ::
800 sFcics, di5lributcn
io
Nrw World ed S. Atrjo.
Oxalis cornicktato L. sp, pl.
43j. I TJtj y,J.Nsif,l.c.2. t2,A
-C,
,
r.diar.
uero
:o[r.y, 5. pub6qnr
tdrp.k
ti m
taflcrs. FtoweR
tors. S€r6ts
67qKLrF0.
[email protected]
rn
djuary bbcls or
j. [email protected]][email protected] h,iry
Capsule uplo 2.5 cm
toDg,
NrgaQa t &.Own.jo.q
2_J
p.rats
5,,. o{.
pub.snr Scds ribb.d. | _
tudD cullnrE!
jicl4
24-3-05,
t.S
M
[email protected]
lr5
Ecologic.l mte: [email protected] o. tudy eriia 6M_
Conmon
nd q!l.r cnmcb ir
Flowering peiodr
Meh - Decenber.
23.3I. PEDALIACEAE
annual ro pq.nniat hob6. rrave!
sinple, opposite or the lpperDost slernare.
Ilowe.s
solil4y, ditlary, rygomorphic. Ser6k bd p€tak
5 e&h. sta6d! 4, CaQels 2,
tynwpous; or&y suFrior, 24 eltcd,
och with I _mdy owl6. rroi ! capsule,
A,f.hily of c,l7 gcned ed c,8l sp6i.3,
subr.opics
Dosrly
@rds
or
ded pletl
ofrh. old wo.ld.
of ropica or
I(EY TO TIIE GENERA
PEDALIUM
rot |23, )7s9: Ab€din in E_Nrsn
& atr FI. Pak.
lo73iwll|M L..ftobru & Don.td.
4 ir M. D. [email protected],c tr r. R.
rr. retl Ev )l:lr. t9&
33,
. "r,enfte rqv.s. Frotrb qjrr.rr. eririry. srlno, rE,
i:lllii*:r,Ov6ry ,_r:*
2_cell.d qch wiib
ovuLf
oroynamous.
I
A Bqus ofsi.Btc sp.ci6, disFibut
d
Pedd rm hulzx L.,
Sysr.
_2
i. Tropical Afiiq, [email protected] tud
Topiql Ash,
N^,
lO:1123, l?59; Abedio, I. c.
33:
H.t97l Wilti.DL.,rhob6td&Donatd,A.,Lc.t22.
Mlchttuch.d, upr,o 60 .m spEa<the.
tunual h.d, succulcnr, gtedute
l:j l
ffi
lt].r
t* 1
'"
."1"
''
*
r.row.R yelow. car,a
F6Brerr. 2
obos Ftuits itu hisnr. pvmdar.
t"* "rs.
'o*
Sph
m.n tudied Na$rpete,
dd
l5-9-2OOt,
24. | 0-70,
t
t.E.
hairy. Lqr er t -
nD
2-4
pa,rel d Aholoo. Jq46
KUH):
Zonutud 306 tRIJH)l
SFcics foun<t io patisr!,,
Indi4 Srita*s a.d [email protected]
L
rons.
cobrja
qn.!. s€e*
Nq tdtids
D6
Ecological ma.: An tft,iar erenen! condon in plains
unn Lyciu edgworthii dd
Acacia nbtia @ *',er .hr,tels whit.
on rh. hius it is
Flowirg pdiod: FcbMry-O.1oh..
SESAMT]M
L., Sp. P1.634. l75lj Cen. p1.5.282.
lz54; Ab€diq
Do.ald, A., Lc.l24,
erld
or
sm.nnB
a gcnur
[email protected] er.d
helb wilh opposire or al!cm6!6 leavB.
now6rs white o!
showf. StancB 4 or 2; Ovory 4
@ .d. Fruir tocurjcidat caFule.
sF.i6, haiity foud in Ari.,
Sesamum indlcufi L., Sp. pt. 634.
or c. 30
L.,
S.
Lc.l; Wiltid !'IDbsld &
nDblld & Donal4 A,,
[email protected]
1753;
dd
Soulh
Afic..
Ab.dD, l. c. J,
i
L A-D;
Wilim
1.c.325.
otientatis L., Sp. pt. 634. t753.
plo 65 ch r!ll. puberulous.
t w6 sinph, lobed or jpadir..3-t8x54 cn; peliotc 0,5-12.h
long, Ftowers whne; bErelt , Cstr{
lobs tintuco lo,g plb.sccrr, oLnue. CaFule obtonS,
wingd,
net s€!d.d. &dr btek, l&*,! [email protected]! pyrifom_
Ltl
Sesadud
idiM\
id.U cntnwi.d i, Dey [email protected]
Specma studied: Nlgd&td
.f,.ologicrt
hi
I,
[ote: A atflard
24-3.2005,[email protected] 6741KUH].
srx.ies bu1 fobd witd
(MF,
ar tnc top of
0E
ti]b
fl ow..ing p.n:od: f .boary.O.tob€r,
2332. POLYGONACf,AE
Lav.s drcmak, ,inpre. ,ipur.s
-,
ochRar.. I rolcF in <rdes.
T""
:T""::
r'a& r e.nid6 P.nant senilr
:1kesTc,rpo6;
daty sp.rior,
:-r:
2*ri!c. sran.ns 4-hdJ caFr:
talt.4 hwlcd_ Frui! qdry a r.isonos Dur.
r,6, r o,
spcci6, nosrry disEDured in I.DFEG
Esio.
:."." -,
".I50
heahphee.
".rt
l^j;atn:lr.
pdrtlcltdty":in rh. Northem
KEY TO TEtr GENERA
t3l
CALLIGONUM
L., Sp, Pl 530. t753i O.o. pl, 5.235,1754;eais.r
n atr & eaier,
114.2001,
Dif,lsly bMched shdb wil li..e-fitifom, [email protected] or
fied ldv€s,
Flow.B 16$ duslEd or $lilr,y. p€rierh
*8D.nrs
Ov!.y t tn o8ule, Frun nd.! 6il.d
5, a
Fl_
pak 205:
rometmes abse.i
Firlord. Srrne.s t j, connar..
or st ajehi.
A gers ofc. 80
sp*is, fohd
in Asi4
A&id md
S. E,
[email protected]
CsAAoMm potfgoaoid.s L, Sl. pt.
530. l7j3; chodhd & Chur&,, vc8.
Rdg,
Shrub, upto
Ft.
l.i
Tha des4
m
t
3 tj
1966;
eder
l_
c, 177.
r!lt, brech.d, glatftu. taves
sile
, ?n
j nh
lon& [email protected], [email protected],
penefi se8ndts J4 12-1nn\
obton& *hite,
Rrq& Ndrdd$tyrtoF crmgonus, oblons
wilhbMdling.d.
spe.incn studi.d: Nrcp\p&a,
t9-lr-2002, z4na-ut r(xu')j Nae$pekar
sddv
e*+
long.
22-9-2005, [email protected] s36
(KW
Indh, Patish qd .djoining
@@i.i6 rowErd th.
Ecolo:icrf Dote Foud lbudr
ly o. ssdy
b,^[email protected] t'ptotba .ada[otil tt!Cotnbop|
rrcaenng period. Seflenb.r_
Ocrober
w.n
d\d turnd, win, kptadenia
^
[email protected], hut inEqkn oi fi. hr[s.
pbi
RUMEX
L,
Sp.
133,
I
7tjce,
pL 5_ t 56,1?54j
D, philox
h M-D,Dasnay.lc,
) I l:390,t997j eailer, t. c. 136.
H.rb-shtob wift slknate
bel and cauline teayes:qhE& tubute,
Howea in,luku.
P.ritud slhfrLs I in,2.$tuc,
urcquat. Sbhens
"t.
FLCey(Ey,
I
:^:T
l":
in 2-*ries. }rutr nurt.r rFrsonousr.
* .. ,*ics. disribur.d roinry in rdpe..!.
:: lh. Wortds
cg'ons ofboth
Rums
.tenlQla L., Mst.
ssp.frrarcrrrr&,
c. 158.
u:
l1!ti6u.)
tlj
R4h, t in Bcih_ Bor. cntlbr.
226,
rsioB
of Nonhdn
L
49, 1932; eaher, I.
l.l8
Bmche<t or mbmchc4
6Buy
tuul
hqb, 2O{O cm ra
trunca!.j quline laves few,
]lavs
ovda obbng al rlr be,
lrEl wiih shod Fliol6. Flowcu in whorts.
eeuld, Nut m!u.
P.riinlh watl 2,5-3.5 nm lon! .Ova!, t
Sp€.incn studi.d: N.gr,p(ttr eody ptlinln
20-3-2003, Zoturqd 2j0(KtH);24-9,
2004, [email protected] Bg (KUHJ,
foud in Afghdiste, p8*isLr\ Ldir dd &$ Asi..
Ecologic{t Dote: Gows ii rhe plains ed
dely on $c hilrs.
Flowqihg pcnod: Mdch, ScPlenber.
2.333. PORTULACACEAE
rr is
Usudlt sueutenr herbs with opFsil. or
dEmre scdioB leaB. floms in nc.nes or
ctn€s or 8lohdl6, S€p6ts 2, deiduo6.
lc'tts 4-6, t!. of @m.G. sllns 4-nqy.
CaFls 2-t, srrqrDos; ovof
IcIc4
srperior or
h.lf
supedor,
CaDsulc longitudjnal or
fte
ciEuhscnsk [email protected]
famit, is of*o,ldqid€ dtEibu
on.nd consisB
ofc,3l g.nei!
PORTIJLACA
and c.380 sp.cies,
L. Sp. pl . .t45. I 753;O.n_ pt.j.
204, 1754; chafoor o E. Nsjr &
5113. t973,
Annurl or [email protected]! with temin,l
solir.ry or clusleG! Io$
foond
Potuiaea otzracea L.
obqkblone. tin*-Ot-,
fruils
n.ry
Il
Wpa&.
i. Ancde
Sp. p1.,t45.
I
?53;
[email protected],
Enni.t hcrb, uFo 25 cn
betow
j_
c,
L
Slen [email protected] Lsv6
&d purpti+lgran lDov.,tnnoBcoe
l-o
1.lr_
"hrre
oq: bEds h.mbEnoul ourc. seprl,Inkned
inb a tob< ,
'e 4.6 x 2.1
obove.
hn. hu(mDulat . sranqs 7.t2 Orary o\oid.
']"T0.^.. .."."
[email protected] P.ht j.
Ati
sdlale ro ovarv.
sr.n€n. 7.20; $yr. 3,8 nd. c.ps","';;;;:*,;*..arla
gcrB of c. l0O speic, moslly
^
ovul* l_mdy.
s..d€d. Se.{b bla.k,
Mifoft,
A coseopoliLn spcciB ofculrivaled
fietds.
EcoloSist nor.:
I oMtv'rrc
spe{ies lound on
Fo*ana.
rr. w€r,Md)
[email protected]
ptains tud
tud Cutubitrc.ua
n..r cuknarion qilh
:w
It9
llow.ring p.riod: July-SepLnb..
2.3.34.
PR]MI]LACEAE
aoual,
Fmial
herhs with sinpte
lev6. Flow6 in panjct., Mbels,
penllneous. c&p€ts syncdpous; ova,, sup€rior
I {vuled. Ftuit a pyxidiM.
or sonEry;
@h
ell
A &mily of
c.25 gen
6 &d
@m,
spjtcs
or half3upe,ior, 5- r o celted,
c,1000 species, [email protected] in distribution maioly jn
ANAGALIS
l'
Sp, Pl. ed,
L t48_ l?53; O.n. pl.5:73.
1754;
yJ.N6n h
E.
Nsir & Ali,
Fl,
Pak. 157:93. 1984_
Hcrb or bdcNbrub wirh oPlDsile or alGft,lc
€oolla Sloh<d @h. F
A 8.ns or., 28
tdv6. FloftR elrtary d l,ry,Cat),{ od
Mar, be.rd.d. [email protected] globos€, op.rcuhc.
spcci€s, found [email protected] tbe wodd,
AMgaIis uvensis L,,
Sp. pt,
L
148. 1753r
y.
J.
oaiily in Non]j md Fopical
Nd!r,
L c. 94.
ADul hsb; st ft &gok, cE r{ounb.nr orFounberi
rav*
hn, opposie [email protected] ov.lrobton8, obiule,
silq
l0J5 x
?-12
surf.ce wiih do(ed gldd!, hargin
sliehlly papinos. Fto*e6 pcdialst
. crl'* @panul.E, roE, [email protected]
MSin ciliolae. Cobla lobs bluq olare, [email protected], gt4duh!
hlirr. Capsulc gtoboe.
S!6inen
studied:
O*i jo trodo
Zawtud & Atan 651(Kr]l,]),
cultiv.lcd
fi.li rca
Nagalp6*d, 22_3-200,
Ecofogicsf Dote Comno! nee @s
orculriy.rion widr c.r/,,,! batbatadd otulk
Flowdi.g peiodr Ma.h-April,
23J5. R.HAMNACEAE
[email protected] or shrubs,
ctmes;
Edy ctihb.s. tlave sinplc, alreruq snpulat€.
Ftowef in dillary
Fnet7.ols sep.ls 5, ncty 4 o. 6. l.1ah 5, @ly 4 or 6, cucular..
sldens
lsually 5, [email protected] 4 or 6, dtip€r.lus. CaQ€ls
2-3, or snctin€s upto 5, [email protected]
ovary
140
suteior or infdior,
A fanily of
6ulty
2-3
el.d, och wjr[ tawte{l Fdit oit6 [email protected]
c, 60 geDeE ard €.900
speiei dbtribui.d ir
tropics
or
dd sub[opie of bolh
zlzlP[as
MiU.,
cdd.
Dier, ed.8, l?68;
Qlis
& [email protected] io E.Nai. & Ali, FI. pak.
140:9,1981.
Shtuh6 or
ew€d.
lrEs, wid! sdpul&
k
v6 altchlre,
od s!:ighr ed orhd shon &d
shtri. .Flovs clBl.Ed ir dillary cF6 sdl, Fgd&!
spin€s,
on. ururly lolg
5-neous; <li* s-lob.d. Cr1'r cuF3hped, pcrlh chEd, noo<tcd. Sirncnr 5. Ov!ry
se.&d on d'. die, l -2 @lted, sryle 2-lobed. Drup. obtong blrck.
A Cenus 0f c. I 00 speciesj disributcd in both t ophat cgiois of the worl&.
Zlaiph&t numtfiulaia (Bwn
t)
Wjght
a
Am., prcdr. Fl. pqirs. rnd.
162. I 814; Ch.udhri & Chunlr, Vcg, Xrng,Fl. Th&
c. 12.
i
d...q
133. 1966;
Oi
eri$t,
L
l98t.
RhahM
M'loia
Bth. t.,Ft.lnd. 6t.
1763.
Flduo$ b6ch.d, spiry shdb, ron nlosq t rv6 ovaL io euipriq pobeenr t-2x0.5,2
cn, enlft or sel,r.; pdiole 2,5 en long. Flov6 @p6Ntarq
Dolc ,c ow. Calra
p?rsls
lob.! 1.5 nd, ov.rc, lMHlale, pub.s61.
cucate. Drupe gtobos,5-10 mh
mss,
reddhh, 2{ded.d,
jo wdio cultivd.d field n€e [email protected], 22.3-2005,
zamirA a /lan 659( KUH): AdtAsffi,9-9-2001, Zandd & peN.n,9rz\KUH)i
[email protected], 9-9-200 1, znd/tA 9t4 KU,JI,' ?slur, 9-9-2W, 24,,@d 9t5( KVH.
specincn srudirdr Owi
Diseibubd in
lqli.,
P.tisron
.d
Lin.
E{ofogicil dote: A @nmo! ptdr ofphins, grows wir[ p,@/i, [email protected], Aeia
nilotie, ,4.a.i4 *Ngal , Aend [email protected] rnd L.ptad.,ia Wotechnrlsa dd Ie$ fr.qucnl
Flow€ring P.riod; round the [email protected]
l4l
23,36. RUBIACEAE
[email protected]
rFs,
clinba. Lsv6 simpl., opposit or whorld with iDt For intra-
shtubs or
pcnole stipulo!, Flow€u in cydcs,
a.h.
St
clr.s.
o. in corlmbos
Sepals
ed
perals 4-5
mm 45, {ie, epiFrrlols_ C.rp.ts 6uly 2 or eDdihs 4, sy,carpos:
ov.ry infcrior, 2-4 c.ltod. Ituit
O.. of
heads
a cap6ule or
somaind
a berry.
l&g6i &oiti6 wirh ..630 g.n.B &d c.l020o sF.i6 of @smopolitar
disdburion, oli.ty ir ropicat od *[email protected] Egioc. Thd is
ooly I glnus in ou e..
th€
BORRTRIA
c.
F. M.y_,
P.in.
i. E.Nasn& Ali,
Ft. Eseca. ?9. r.
hed.
Sepals
24
ssile
smdn6 @t
widr @rD8o.al
Nainuddii & eaisr
s.o,
or shonly periolat , sdpulal._ Ftowe6 ro
lobed. pelrts 4lob.d,
A 8enus ofc.l50 speci.!, n.inly
Botuerio
@M)j
Ft. pak. 190:93. 1989.
Arnual or pernnial, posr?te
fascicl.d veni.itlal.,
t. l8ls (non
etvlrfod. Carpt*
o(ur i. wm
u
fed.
tary oi
oplbsib,
rcojnal
Stan.ns 4. Fruit
tud tenperah rSions ofthe world.
a.ticdais &.t.) F.N Wiltims i, Bu
t905j N&inuddin & eaiscr,
2,
tav6
. Herb. Bois_ 2.
e. ,: 956.
L c. 96,
[email protected] dti.urob L. t., Stppt.
r.19.
t18t.
P€rcnnhl, o€ct-prcanblnt, b6nch.d,
herb.Lc6v$
esril., l.j_J x 0,81.5 cn, .Uipli._
l&[email protected] stiput.s hairy. Lnoscoe
few [oedEd h.!d, dil.ry, Fto*.6 site.
Calta lob€s t.5-2 m ldg,[email protected]!l.,
Coo a pint-blu., tub. 812 mo,[email protected]
hatyr lobes elliptic. Ovey 2,ceuc{i, 2 ovlles
in eoch locub. r-ruiLs hairy, ovoid or
€llipsid- Seds bmM, oblong€ltjpsoid, gtuvld.
Sp€cin€n studi.d: ?{6.dr, ,,{/r 4 Fd.,ri
4455, 4512(KUH). Nagarpa*d, t8-9-2003
zzuattud 3s3 ( KU'{)| 24-t-2}os, [email protected]
615
(KuH)i
[email protected]
hills,u.9'2005,
speies foud frch Siilanka b Sin$por€
tnrcu8h rndia, plkjsra4 China &d M.trysia.
Ecologicrl bote: Ai tndie el.mdq omon
of srrty p,as rlows
P?ntahdru. Euptlo,bir
h|to, Afuaan hb Md Ckwbrk oB
spp.
9|irh
Zltew
ud det) fohd
on
142
floreine
Frio<t: ,uly
- S.p&hb.r.
23,37. SALVADORACEAE
TB
or shrubitav.s simph, opFsir.. Ftows in r.miml cl[(.B
o, paicles;
bisxual or unisexull_ S.pals 2-5,fEe. p.r!k ulualty 4, reely 5, fEe,
Slonens 4, [email protected] 5,
.ltcnrtirg wio lhe p.rals. CarFls 2, synclrposi d,ry supe.jor,
t.2 alled. Ion . b.n,
A mall [email protected] wiih 3 [email protected] dd c.t2 sFcils. disEibucd
in ihe ropi6 of Asia dd
Afrie- R.pftsnred by i singlc gdle in ou e8ion.
SALVADORA
L-, Sp. Pl.122. t ?j3i c.n. pt. 5:58,1754;
erst
in E.
Nsir & Ali,Fl, p!k.29: l.
t912,
shtobs,
Gully ul1mcd
ponicles;
vir.lj siDpte, opposit tsves.
FblM
diltar, &d rertuiml
biexlal. Cltyx & obll.4.tobe! .a.h, S1an rs 4.Ovary
l-ce0.d with t_bel
A sman scnls ofc,4 6pc.i6, foud in palisL4
tndi4 Srite,xa
in
lar Ar,ica2
sp€cies
!E
KEY TO TEE SPECIES
Sob'adtn oteoides Dtue.
3.
in [email protected], voy. Bor. l3e. L
t,!t.
I
s4a;
f. t.A-D,
[email protected], l. c.
snau nee, upto I n tall. Leaves .lliFic-t
n6lare, 2.0.2.5x0.+l.5, &ute. wjrh l-2hn
rong Ftiolc. [email protected] ujU,ry,
p.,icl6 or btuch.d spire.2.4-5 cD lo.g. FtoI6
[email protected] while. SeFls c. 2 no
lon8. petah 2.5 6n long, Foir
a drupe. €dibte.
Spc.imen $udied: NaSarp&ttr, shrub
upro 8 fi lau, 18_3.03, yery comno.
desc$
Zawrud & Satuat 213 (KUH).
Sed!
ptet of th.
143
Dislribui.d in Weslpakisrr\ Ldia, Aftlia dd Add.
Ecologicd note cows
Flow.ring pqiod:
in l6s
stin. phis.
Meh-JDa
peBiLaL
[email protected], t. c_ L i EG.
A nalim siz.d re or large stnbj b8.chcd, gt.bDu.l€v6 .[ipdc, ovlr.blon&
fEsh gen, 6x2.3 cn. [email protected] dedn& poiclcd, 5-31 6 long. Ilo*s yclow,
34 mn rcros, Pediccl t,2 m ton& C.lrr c. I nm lons,lobs oud.4 Coolta
mp&ulare, lob.s c.3 m ton8, r.fl.x.d, Slyl. o!*nti ovary l-eLd, gla6su.DruP.
Satvo.tora
sp. pl_ 122, | ?53;
Slobo*, Rd or white , 2,,5 nm scbss,
SpeciDen studiedi [email protected], l6-t-2003,
a
,cry commo, pler of
rhe r.Eior\
Zanwd
,[email protected] (KL,H).
ii
Snlol& bdi!5 paki$ar,, WAsi!, EgD! Er[iopia
f,cologlc{l Dofe: In high sclie ea S.psL. ofuE wrth c},$a d.ri.a wbil. on
l.$ sline @ts ed ihe plaitu go* widr R&a [email protected], Cappit [email protected]
ed Dittltd. etythrw.
Spa'.s rrcws
Flowdin8 p.rio<l Feboary-Ocrobcr.
23J8. SCROPEIILARIACEAX
Uslauy hcrh or sonctih€s shtubs or virca &d a f.w dc
Darsita. Leav€s sihlh,
arcmic or opp6i1e, eDliE or piealety lob.d.
in @ns or cyD.s;
zySomorphic. S€pals 5, @mt , Corclla; usua y bilipp€d, peds
5, comtc, St D.ns
wuauy 4, didynmors, sonetims j or 2, [email protected], cpip.dous. Carp€ls 2, syncalpouj
ovsry
Fbl6
superior, 2-cclled, e&h wirh
@y
ovul.s, Iruit usulty . scFi€id.l capsuL.
A &nily of wondwid€ disrriburion
E dl.,
Nov_ SEip.
D.c.22.
o$illr
ofc, 270 g.oc6 ed 5100 speci6,
ANTICEARIS
c6. 682_ rSjq j!fti,
Fl_
K{,302.
1966,
AMual ro pq.nnial h€rls wiri
vi*id h.i6, tav., simptc. llt nt.l.. FIoB6 6urly
sliLry, qillaty. Calta dd @o[s tlobc! e!.h. Stinm 2. CaFulc leuticitLlly or
sepricidrlly [email protected] [email protected]
A
3m6U
g.nN wilh c.
P.tislln, hdi!
15 sp.ci.s
to E. Asia.
diiribut d in ropiql d{t soulhem Afrie, AEbi. io
R.pEsnled
iD
NagarD.*cr by rh. folowins spaies.
144
An icharb tineatu
@.ntn., [email protected]
.r_A$h6. i!
Monrsts Akad.
wis.
Bert.
J,ti. L c.102, i 298,
Amu.l, [email protected]€d ro l0 cm blt heds, bdoninS blrk on drying. lav$ line, &ute,
2.5-4.5 x 0.2-0.3 ch. Flowc6 sithry,
Micels t-2 cm loig. calr{ j m loog. coola
puQlish, veined, lobe sn.tt, obtong ohuse, sliShtly longc.
thm qlla. Capsute c. ? lm
332. 1866;
lo.g oyoid.
Disbibu&d
Seeds obtong,
tongitudiDlly ribb.d,
i.
Tropid Anic6 dd fron A6bir to pakist&,
Speoino siudied: Nagarpdk&, sndt pt jns,2r-9-2001, Zantuld 427(KUtt)
trcofogical notq Conmorly grcws oD th. plains with [email protected] sl{-.ed
foor hilrs widr
FlowerinS
dilfeE spsi*
such
s
n$e
Coppai, dacidw tud E ptdbia .aduciJotio.
tqiod: Seprehba.O.rob.i,
2339. SOLANACEAE
H€rb{, shnbs or
$m.rim6 [email protected] vin6. Lov6 usu.Iy
dilLry oyn4 or soliwy.S.p.ls ad
Fdr j
.lr.mr ad
[email protected] i,
c&h, cou16. Slanas 5, .piFratou,
CnrFh 2, sync&pou; ov.ry slFrior, obliqu.,
simpla
Bu y 2a[cd 4h eI
wirb
Dey
ovulo! Fruit a bery m *Ficfttlt epsuL.
The
6nily osisls ofe
IOO
g.nd
Md c.3000 spci.s, subcosnoDolits in disnit^njor
KEY TO THE CENERA
DATURA
Pl.l?9. l?53; c.o. pt. 5.83. l7t4;Y,J, NaniiE, N6ir& Ali, n_ pat.
168: 40. I985; Zhee [email protected], LuAn. ming& Willim c. Dr{rcx Fl,
Chi.a l7i
ll0.1994.
L-, St.
H.rb witn .nriE,sinu.r. lavca. Calla tubuld, p€Risrdtcomll.5-12
irtundibulifom. Ovary 2+tt.d
a!.x,
ar rlle
4s[cd .t
rLc bls€. Sryle
st
d{
lob€d,
*idj bifid
stigDa. Ftuir s rub.rcda& capdlte.
A genus ofc, i 0 speis, distdbuted in pakislrn,
Doturnnetel
L., Sp. Pt.
t:
tdi4 Awtali! bd
[email protected]
t1g. I ?53; Chludnri & Churr!, V.g, Rag. Fl,
ftd
de*r! I l?- 1966. Zhug Zniyu, Lu Ar, nirg & Wi jd c. D.AEy, t,c, 310.
Dat44l6r,sa L, Sysr,, N*, ed. t0., 2: 932, 1759; yJ Nsir,l.c. 44, f, 9. E-H.
t985,
stull shtub,3cl00 cn talt. Lev6 5_20 , +l2ctq cn; bladc ov!r., 5-20 r 4_t2clo
cm, sin.a& 10 obrely dora& ; p.liote 9 cn lonS.Crlla 5-9 m long. Corclte
10.20 cn
lone, white, purple or yettovish inside.
Andrs l2J5
m
long Fruit globos, piickty,
ney qded.se& bom, conpasc4 rdicul.rc.
[email protected] siudicd:Narsr€i*, R!,sd s Chqkpos\ t64:2OA],[email protected]
lK'i'Fil.
Wid.ly distibui.d in Tbpiqt &d subiopi..l egions of Asi., A&[email protected], MediEreeo
Ecologici trot.: [email protected] ia
t*
sthc ed dnrutt
d
as.
Flowding p.riod: Fcboary-Oclobr.
LYCIUM
L., Sp. Pl. l9l . I ?51; ccn. Pl. 5. 88.1754;y. t. Nsn, L c, I l; Zheg Zhi-yu, Lu
Ar- ning &
Williu c, D,AE l.c.jol.
Shobs Mth stiny [email protected] md cnrirc or veniciuat lear$. Flow.E whire or purph, S.pals
ed p.ials 4-5 ..ch, Ovary 2{clhd. Sryte sl.nds with spirar. sligna lruil a b.rry,
A gdus
onpds
Ltrit
c,100
eF.i6, connonly
n edgevoflltiiDwt
l.zA-8.
t emrDlr
au.tr ron
l, ;
i
found in
w4,
Lnp!6re
Dc., prcdr. | 3, l: 525. t 8j2;
@gioDs
of both
yJ Nsir,
L c. 35.
l3t.
A ihony, 1.5-2 n rrll, Euh btuch.d slhb. L.rv6 ohovare, .ltilicabtong
mn.
Flow
ir uillary cl6r.Ed,
Chaudhri & Chui.r, l. c.
$lit
ry, whik, Fdiccnd..Cdra lobd l-t.5
5-20 x 2,7
m
lon&
146
&ue dinulely pube$€nt
globo*. Sa<j!
650
dd,
(KUH);
m
so, lotrg, Enitoml bDM.
ysrejna bill! nsr K{tids du,
lo.g.Fdirs bery +3.t
m
boa4
c. 2.5
Speoinen dudi€d:
Kalid4
inside. Corolh lob.s 3
lpio
shrub
48
cn r.lt *ith
ttuorill
Z.mnld 432lKtH)|,
22-9,2003,
whire
low6,
22 3-2u05,
Zaaond
Kamjh{ hilk ns K.lidts <lin, 22.t2005, Zd'@?d st3(KUH).
Distibui.d ftum
Im
S.
to Pskisron,
Ecologicrl oote: In mcky
r'.s
ned wale. [email protected], @u6
r ss,alon
win
Flowedng period: Md€b-S.ptenbcr.
LYCOPERSICON
.
Millc., c&d-
Dic1,
Abr.Cd,4: 1754; y,J, N6ir, t. c.2t.
Herbs wilh pinnol€ly conpowd leavcs.Flo*c6 clu$er€d in
sillary cynej y.low 5_
neou. Anth6 clongr|d, mD$.r ariml.c, fileeo|s 3honer lne erie6. Fruit .
A genus of c.8
species,
.hi€fly 6cur in S. W. [email protected]
ed
C.tstEgos,
Lycopenkon esculen MMiller, Oftd. Dict. cd.8, no,2.
L palirkr orc
1768; y.J.
lt op6itu L.,Sp. Pl. ta5.n53.
Mostly ouhivored, drul, h€rb, upio 90 co l!U, [email protected] api.rtly, Lov6
Nasir,l,
[email protected]
baelly lyEre,
lo.&
15-40
cn lone, hairy,
Eieguld{wimc,
lobes euiptic,
[email protected]
[email protected] Cal)4
inp&ipinmrc,
lob€s
5{
m
in iiuirioe. Comltr ycllow, Drare, tiobs t 5-20 mm
brdd, Iob.s ninul€ly cilialc. Ovary py.ifom.Fruils berry, d.pr.scd-globoe, brkt r.d
Spccincn !di€d: Kmjhdhirrs,24-345,zttld.ud6lo!UE)
A nrtive speies to C,
f,cologi.rl note,
.nd
S
Anqiq,
hoN cuhivaad tuoudour lhe qorld for its ediblc
Grcqs on 16. hilk sloF6 ed lhe plains
6e
MF.
Floweting p6iod: Mdch - Seplenbei
t47
SOLATYIJM
L.,Sp.Pt. 18,t. t?51;Cin_pl.j.7t_ltj4
an- Ding &WilliM C. D,AFy, tc,
He6s b
tes
[email protected]
A
3
t
y,J.Nsjr,l,.3;AseZb!,u,tn
4.
Mth uually pricHy $d sinpl. or divihd
by
apial po6. Foi
larsc e€oc wittr c.l,roo
a
lov6. Frowft eliLry-AnreE
b.rry.
sF.i6,
dislribur.d rhrcleltour lne tlop,ar
&d l€mF€l€
tgions ofboth lhe Worlds.
KEY TO THE SPECIES
Solanum co..btuot FoBk.,
2_
E-L
Ft.
A.g?nA6b. 47. l?75; yJ_Nsir,
L c. 12.
t
1985.
,l gra.ilrpir Decne, Voy.tnd.
Per.onid, h..b,
stublins,
,&qucnont, 4(3)r I13,
uplo 60 cm
hllj
Bten
i. lt9.
hliry,L.aves
t844; Chedhri &
10-25
x
7_20
m,
orbicule{blong, Flowes pal€ bluhh oi whiiilh, laieal
or iedDal, dillary p.die! tO_
30 cm lon8. Calta lob.s 2-5 hh ton& .cu&.
Cobltr, j-7 no, srcjla& nairy ootlid€.
Ovary globos, Fruit b€ny, yelo* b rd. S.€&
subEnifom, z-3 nn,
sFcind
tilf s\ 2O-9-2Oos, ZMtur EtqKUH).
Disdbured in N. [email protected] Anbi{, p&trM &d
Irdir
snrdi€di [email protected]&
l,t8
Ecologicil noter
on the
Found on
sd
oounds and
@lq hilb
wuh ..a,rr'dir
dcir'lz md
plri.s often wiih ta/vadola a&orida.
Floeering penod: Slpr.nb.Focrober
Solonuh
S
lo6Lttii
z/[email protected]/,
Kotshy
Dvat
q
i
Hisr Sole, 2t?_ rf
ll;
y.
N6ir,
J_
L c.
t
j. r
2. !.
Dunat in DC., pDdr. l: 204. t 852i Ch.udhri & Chuu{, t.
c. 138.
Shdbler; 40- 60
cn lall wiih cwed pri.kks llen &d iErvs. !e.yc!
shorl, ov!&,
e [email protected], + cordrr,e, 20.50x t0-15 nd; p€liolc upro 2 cn, pdckly, Ftowcb 2-6 in
.lust. Sepsk [email protected] ljn6, c. 3 m long,lt & hairy. per.ls bluilh-purpte bairy
ooliid€r
c. I
Spsina
cD lo.g, Sligns €pirai._ Fruiis bdrr,
N!8rrpdrte,
srudied:
sdy pt
F
oq dMphg. S€.& $bl€iifom.
as,24-9-2OOS,
Zmmd
SFcies foud
gO5
lKUn.
i. Tepiql AAic!, Anhir, pahsr.n tud India
Ecologicsl mter Crcws i. ftsiduat dcrosit d ptlin, in sel conmuniiics,
also on rbe
Flowin8 lsiod: Apdrscp&nb.r
Solsnum
Shdb, upto I -2
n
hca
lrn L. Sp-pt, t88. I ?53; y.
J.
N64
t. c. 16. f. 3,
C-g
cov.ftd wirh d.n$, stcll& h.irs. Lmv.s bedly ovar, 2.5_8
x 2_
6.5 cm wiUi pickly v.i.6. Fto,6 puDle-btu., pcdicelhc;
b&xut llowcrs on upio ZO
nn
ratl,
long pedun€j.,
n.tc floq6
oo shon peduncle. Calra G7
M
ton8, hairy oLtside,
Comll. Iob{ ri&!utq, 8-ll rD lo.& dene hsiry inside, tihb
2-3,5 m bMd.
AndEc 5i hn lon8. Ftuii bcny, globossubgtobo.,
Ir30 m bDid, ,rltow. Sed5
SFcim.o studicdl N.g!rt&*{, satAy ptzins, 24-|-2OOS,
zMhd 906(KU|t)
Dishibured in Indi!, p.khl!. ed N.A&ica,
f,cological note: cbws 6
s
esp€ sp4i.!
Flowding pdiod: S.pidb..NoveDber
Solanam aetongeno L.,
)u,lu Ar- hi.g, t.c_ 325.
S.insuln L,, Mqrissa
tli.
Sp.
ri61
!t.
|
86. r 75j; y. ,.
NdL
L c , 11;
Zt^e Zhi-
.
149
A splely Fictly ptet sirh fui|l ot v&ios sh.p6,@loN &d sirr, is qid.l,
cultivlr.d for ir. iiuir *trich e ued s v.8.t blc dd oMoily loDm s
Brinjat or
sp6in.o studicd:Nagarpdrk{. Ktbjhe hi[s, 24-3-2005, [email protected],.t 669(KUH)
A mliv. of Indi!, cultival€d lhrcugh out lhe qorld for irs .dibk tun.
f,cologl.rl ooterson.tin
64
cs.p€.
[email protected],V.pt.186.
l7r3; y.
s
crows
FlowciiiS Friod: M.rch,Septehb€r
Solaautn
Anigw L., va
J_
Nsir,
r_
c
6.
pl. lE6. t753i y. J.Nsir,l. c.6_
'[email protected],Sp.
Amul upro 60 cd 1!lt herbi Lava simrh,
6d8in jftgula
lof
d6ulm! 2.510 x 2,5.5 o,
aie. Cctla dd @rclla cMped.t .
bt!d.
denht . Flow€6 whic, [email protected]
Anthc6 y.llor.Fruir o bcry, gtoboF io subovoid, bhclq [email protected] or Ed.
Specim.n siudi.dl K6bo ntu Ndg&pukt, tg-g-2l4, ZMbud syt(KUII).
Dishibur.d wid.ty,
cept fttic dd subaElic F8ioB.
Ecologicrl bote: [email protected] oo th. ptain, nc& *!1!. clMers n .ssirnion wirh
[email protected] eitdit, /[email protected] [email protected] dd orhd enuds, 6pe.i.lt, ii $. culrivd.!
FlowcrinS !.riod: Almost
rcud
thc
y.d.
Solanum suafrense [email protected], f., fl,
Y,J,Nosif, l. c. 10,
Ind. 57, l7d8j Chaudttri
& Chuflr!,
L c.
l39l
t2.A,D_
[email protected], hcrb, diltusety
bhcned, [email protected],a&, Lcav6 20-80 x 2j-50 m, tobca obtoig,
sinuab, &lr..lnfloGcde . cyn., 2_4 llowcr.d wirh 9_20
m long p€[email protected] Flow.$
pupL. Crlra lob* 4.5-5 m loo& rcfie, plicldy. [email protected][a
linb, ov.r€-Eis8!l& 2_
2.Eil0- 12 nn. Ov!ry gtobGc. Fdirs Lj-2 cm @s, globoe.
Seds disid d stighrty
Speincn $udi.dr Nasrrpek r, srdy ptri^s,22_l-2005, Zano,!.t &
It 6cu! in N. Afric4 Ausoalir, polyneeia
md S & S. E. &i6.
Aan
Ecologicsl note S!€.ies slws oMiona y on slndy,hm ed eky
n tr wrt r chinn.h, occh lbundoity.
Flow€ring Friod: DEd lbc y*.
663(KUH).
ed
whilc
t50
\[ITHANIA
Paqquy. Dns.
*irl
shrubs
[email protected]
14, 1825j nom. Co.s.;
rlrem{e, .nriE t..v.s. FloNes
y,t, N6ir,
shon.p€dicel. Olary 2_cc[.d. Fruii a b.rry .ncbsed
A stull
with c.l
O
spccies, found
c.28.
in dilry
uisxul,wiUr
genus
t.
mrinty in Otd World,
KEY TO THE SPECIES
Withqnii coagutons (Stoclc) Dun.t in DC., pDdr.
13, r; 685.
YJ.Nan,
t.
c_
28,
f.5.
[email protected], hqb of shob_
p.tiole 210
m
t
l8J2j
E_J.
lvca at!6arc,
lon& FlovlE borh
.Iipjc{v.r
or [email protected], &ut , obr&;
bis.xul &d mi*[email protected], DE lqL. Bisul llowe
Calla @panulat, sr.labronaro$ oucjd.,
tobs t.5-2.5 nn. Conlla loneE th&
c!a, r€llo*ish iGid€. StaD.s iencd. SriSDs subcx.ri.d.
M.tc los6: sr.nos !
sube\s.r!.dj arl|.6 ton8.r rh& tith.i6.
Fdn.L flow.R: smos m*.e4 dlb6
short' upro 1.5 m long. Fon bcry, gtobos,
lo-t2 nh, tu. s4dr c_ 2,5 m boad,
SFcimen sludied: Naelrpa*e nee
Rag.B chat posr,
r7-9-ZOO3.
36r(KUH).
Dishibution IrM, Afgh&isi.n,
[email protected]
&kisrs aid Indi.,
f,cologicaf not€: Foud in kss s.ndy qd stony
les wirb l& tuta detet, tuety
viti
Flow€ringperiod: Ja.uary-Septembo..
mthanb sotinilen e., Dwl
Plrvlit
tonhilera L,,
Sp.
in Dc. prcdr. t3, lr 4j3. 1852i
yj.Nsir,
t.
pt. t82. t153.
Snall snnb, upro 90 ce
long Flow6 2-5
r!I. Lsv.s .llipti.{y!r., &uc,4-1312-9 cm;
Ftiole 9_20 m
in ditlary clsl.6. s6jL.subsssil., prl. y.ltow
. Crn.,. 2-2,5 x 2.5-3
l5t
hm,
@renl
in Eui! siclbr. hairt,
subin$fted. FDir. bs.y, Slobose,5,8
cools iifudibul{,
nn
lobc 2_2.t
m
bro.d, Ed. Se.ds yellowilh
ton8.
A!0Es
bbM, ninurely
SFcinen srudied; Nag.!p6!k{, [email protected] Rdgc6 Herdqu.rcr, 27-3-2005, zadadul &
Alam 741<KUH).
Plat foud
in CaEry lsland,
f,cologicrl not$:
Nor
[email protected]@! Africq
@dmoq
Ddwd ,Etel 6d
rely
Flowding p.iod:
AFil,hly
$ully
S.W_
Asir, p.Iil&n & Indh.
sows in good 6oisr soil in ptaiB
vitr
eilJl Withdia .MEularc.
2.3.40. TAMARTCACEAf,
shobs or tre6 witl oinurc, $a]y, .licmte
ui
ters. no96
d.tr* spikclikc 6ene:
b or twie rle nuhber of
lr.lle4 2-My owtcd, rtun
or bisexu.l, Sepols r.d perals 4-5 soh, Stddns equal
p.bls, &8. C.rp€lr 34, ryn€4osj ovary sup.liorj
6ully a dpsul. wilh @moe se!..
The
in
f.nily
conprises 4 gcnen
csp.cially @mrcn Aon rhc
dd
c.78 sFoi.s, disrributed in EurcF, Asia
M.dii.tuq
10
ed
Africa,
CdFat Asir
TAMARIX
L., Sp, Pl.2?0. 1753; Gen,Pl.5: l3l. 1754r Qaisr in Pat. J. Bot, l3(2).t07.1981;
in E. Nsn& AU, Fl. P.t.l4l:2. I98Z J.E.cskif, in C. B.yd and K. KubiEti,
f!n. & Gen. v4c. Pl. 5: 312. 2003.
Den*ly brdchcd, shdb o. |16 wirh smU slc-tikc, .lt m.&, sssiL, [email protected]
leav.s. Flow.6 in simpl. corpound B.enc or peiclcsj usually bi$xuat, [email protected]
lnikxul-
o. haplostdonous,
tuly
uu.lly irsn d on or bclow lhe di*, diptosLtumu
oti$pllos. Ov.ry [email protected] Fdn a opsul€.
Stan.N 410,
12.
A Senus of abour 90 species, found in A5ia, Europc &d N. E.
Alri€.
152
KEY TO TEE SPECIES
l+ Lav*
mmprercry covong ore
stcn!{iiifi3tenfi3t
5,............
2+
Prftnc 3.4C5)m
Iumarir
[email protected]
h
9(-r0)
(F.udovagii6r.), or
Stin.ns inerr.d betw*n
th. lo}3 of
irlic,
wi[d., cs.Nllut FEundc Balin_ Ntue &hr. 4: 2 t4. l8o3;
QAisc.ir PaL J.Bo! Lc, ll3;io E. Nsir&Ati,l_c.5. r l. A_L
Sdall tt , lpio 8 n talt. kavs p6€udolagjrol., ov.t., &ure l_2 nn lon8.
[email protected]
sinpl. or conpound @oe; bracts lridgutar, d.ntate. S€pdls 5, trullatc{vatc or
orbiculq. Pctals 5, ellipdeoboval., oblusq l-2 x 0,75t dn. SraneB
5. Ovary + bontc
3h.p.d; sryLs 3, clav.b. ttun caFuL Li&gut.., 6 mn lon&
SF4in.n sludid: Nagarpa(4, I 6-a-2003. Zananud & [email protected](KUL\:
Mirpw khls DbL: Cono d[iv!r.d fi.td on My b Nag&p.*,, tV3rOO3,
&
[email protected]
[email protected]
236(KUH)_
SFda fourd in BdghD.slr Indi., p.'jsirn, ttu, Afehdista4 qd rss,a
Dcofogicrl not!: Found ned cuttj\zt d fi.tds wnn S.cctaw t ,satese
Floweri.g pc od:
Jeury{crob€t
Tatfiai\ pakistuni.a e^ist
i
pa]( J. Bor. Lcj I t 9; in E.
N6i
& Ali, l. c. t3.
?aMd ral,ro smo BM, Mono e. Tahdi, 141.1966_ O_p.n6.Dr.t 1874.
shnb, uplo I d |!U; glalroB ro subgLlbs. L!sv6 sitc, !2 x 0.j m,
[email protected],
&ut or &uminA!. [email protected], 5{-7) @ btuld; [email protected] ridgutar€{yar., l_1.5 x 0.j.0,7
mq [email protected]!-d.tride or qiiE; [email protected] 0,5-t.25 m long. SQsls 1.5 x O.7t m, orlte,
obtu*. Pci'ls .Uiplic. obloog or obovsr., 2-3.5
nn
long. Ov.ry dpit6l€,
i
l-t.25, d6idrcus. Stan.ns 5, l-3.5
@nisl.
N.galleler ptzins, t6-X-2t&J, Zanattud
Pbbably cndcnic b Pakistan dd India,
Specinen studied:
[email protected] no&: Common in satlj.
es
2Ot
(Ktmr.
wicl. Satya&,a pet,,ca-
l5l
Flowiirg petiod: Jeu.ry{crob.r
Ta,,aftr sarenensis eais.t
in pak. J. Bor t.c. l55j in
N6ir& Ali,
r. c. 42.
r
Ol$ous snob, upro 1., n 1otl,lcav6 vagimtc,2 mh long! nucronst.spine spcx,
Iiflowen.c ainpl. or onDoud Bccne wirh very shon [email protected]; br&B [email protected],
.alc&uniuq
M.
SAds 5,.qur ro btuls, ovarc, cndE. p.t ls 5,
.llipti. 2-3xl mn.slascns 6-9 @ety tO, sho.l, c, 2 nn lo.& opposir.. Ovey
stipitale.Fruirs
l-2xt
ovare,
[email protected]
[email protected] sludicd: N!8.!p&k r phiDs, S.plenbcr 2005,
Zdrarld
818
(KUIi).
b€d
qirh s.ds6 md
Endenic to siidh (patisra.).
Ecologicll
note cos ii
N.8e+o*e pl.ins
Iw
Mtd
Flowing p.riod: reuuy-Ootob.r
23.4T. TILIACEAf,
H.$s. sbruh
tE6, L.alcs alreftar,sliputdle, Ptow6 ir ctme. S.p.h t or 4. p.1als 5
or 4 or [email protected] .!s.nt. St'n€6 to-ney. CaFk 2-3 or endina hoE, synorpou;
ovary superior,2-10 c.llcd, qch @ll virh l-D.ny ovut.s, Iruir usualty a caFuh or
Tn
or
family @nshB c. 50
8c.d ed
700 specics
ed
sub
@mpolftlr
in
disiribldon.
KEY TO THE GEMRA
rah'
l+
St me6
2+
Frunc$suld (over.d wllh unc,n,r.
on
rndophoE,
,2
spines..
rrui a &ux, [email protected]
CORCEORUS
L-, Sp. Pl,529.1753; Gd. Pl5.234.1754; [email protected] in
Nsn &
AU, Ft. pat.75l
20.r914.
&d stipulatc. Ftowcrs
dNe!€d in p.ducubt cyn6, Llf{ppo*d or dilhryi btursr., p€[email protected] o.
H.lb-shtub, sidpl€, stellarc hairy. Lqves ahcdale, potiolite
sube$ile.
Scpals
A gcnus of c. I 00
ed pet
spec
ls
(4)
5.
Stro.ns 8-20 or mdy. Ovary 2,5 c.lled.
iq, dbaibutcd
in lopios
dd subtropics.
!54
KtrY TO IIIE SPECIES
Corchorus @stuans
L.,M^r
pl. Atr
jtt.
l77l S's! Nar
I
l:
& Chuds, Veg. R&& Fl_ Itd dei! 142,
5. A , E; Teg y., Mich&l c., Gilb.fi & [email protected]
175& onh- vai; Ch.ldhri
Chcfoor, L c. 23.
€d. I0.
1079.
1966:
J. Fl.
Chin4 tcon, 4-1. t2. 222. 200A.
Annlal, uplo 70 cm tallhairy herb,L.ar* 2-9.5 x l-5 .F,, leela& to ovare. obtiqu.
with edalq @igin; p€tiole 0.5-4 ch long; slipul* t-7 mn. I.noBcen€ 2 or rety
3
[email protected] cyn.. Flow€6
yetlowish; p.diccljoint d.
S.p.t line{btong €. { mm IoD&
dlbrcu. Petlli obovate,3.5l.5 x I nm, h.iry. Sr.nm 12_30_ Ov.ry tclt€d. clpsul.
solibry or pairld wirh 3 sto'rt wingr.SeG Dugh, bl&ldsh_boM.
BodtM, 15-9-2({4, ZaMrud 566 &UW Ntu R&g!6 chcct
rDn\ 2G3-2005, Zawrxd 131 ((UIt; Ktujh& hills, 2G9-2005 Za.utud tll
(KVt\i Ksba,2o- 9-2005, zatund gO9 rKVHI
Widely diskibur€d in S dd S.E, Asiq topiql Africa, Ausr"al,a. wesi
tndis and C.
Spoinen stodi.d:
Ecologic.l note: comnonly sDws in $.
prsins
ed
on the hills
wiil Crdero,
C,thlo.ala^, Dianttetu niqer4 sl$ Srcws on sddy plains under rhe sh6d. of
[email protected] nitotit $d Ptsopi, ciEttia.
Flowding P.nodi February-Octob€r.
Co.cho.B depessus
Chun*,
t_
c.
e) srak in [email protected] Ft. ES,p! 2lz 1956; cbsudlri &
l4l; [email protected],
t. c, 22.
/rttichdt d.prew L.,MuL
1: 64. 1767.
Posudc, FEmirL ne6; glabeenr L.!v6 sihpt., rri_!.F.d, bmadty eliptic, 2,5-20
x 2.10 hm; Ftiole filifom, l.s-2,5 cnj $ipula tind-tulalc,2 nm lon8.
hflol*[email protected]
usuauy 2
0owrd
cyoe, &dphyllous, Flowcrs
y.lloq
s.ssile-subs€silej [email protected] li.e&_
t5J
[email protected], l-1.5
m.
S.pats
m,
tllow-gc€n,2,4
lcute. p.i.ls equal lo *p.1.
8-10, Ovrry oblong{ylindric,Capsule oblo,g, cylindric,5_22
eey, bdsutar, obliqEty [email protected] .
Sp€inen sudieni NaSrpdlar, sudy
A comopolite
@
nd
Silnm
tong, Seeds blaokish,
ned Rdgers Herd qlarter, 249- 2005,
sed.
Ecologlcrl oot€: ptanr grc93 fieque
Flo*ring Friod; F.bo&[email protected]
ty liioughout the d.sen.
Cotcho ls ttlocuhris L., MtuL
11.
t167i ch^[email protected], t.c.27. fs.E. F.
Annual or pcrenniat, undeNhob, upro 1.5
m r.U. L.avB oblong-leceolat or ov!!eobrong, l-12 r 0,5-l.Z co, h.iry on bou
sid.., @ur.sedc.: srput6 $0o$,5_E
long. hflo&encc l-3 0owftd crme
wiih sbon p€duncle, orphyllous. Ftowqs
r.ltowi
pdiel c.2.5
[email protected]; [email protected] [email protected] c. j nm lon8_
sepak 5
long, tinc&,
obloog P.rals pardEale. St hcns l5_2o.Cap6uh
i.iMgold, Dr,1.
m
m
Spain
n studied:
m
NagaQdke,
Zahmrd & A^.n 6a96UH)j Ksbo,
&uH} Boijtbtu,24-9-2005,[email protected] gi,l(KL'f|,.
Spaies Srows widely in p.kislo
2005.
2 4-3-2A05,
Zahanta 9M
Ecologic.l
mt.: pt
eDw! on bo$
dty
md
sdy
atss
od al$
24-9_
in cultivard
Flowerin g Pdiod, February.Ocrob.r
GREWIA
L.,Sp. pt. 964.
t7':cen. pi.,
225.1754: Chdoo,,
lc.2.
s are hai6 ud !tted!E, $putare tov.s, Ftose6
clutefd in l&[email protected], unbeltrc,
cynes, di r.y or elit ry, dnpn nou.
S.pits dd
pekk 5 e&h. &e. Srheh
num.rour, Carpfts 2-a. rrrcarpoB.!ruir
-,
jhb3 d uees. @.ty r*ind wilh
A gcnc
of(.
drupe
r50 rpeics, distribulrd in rropic.l
and subF[email protected] Egions ot Asja,
Afrie
XEY TO TBI SPECIES
156
Grrpi! raar
L
(Fouslc) Fiod in
c. 144; Chdooi, l, c. 7,
l
b
rall-
Colon 5. suppl. 21.
l9l2; Chaudhri & Chnrnr,
2-10.
Crzddd rerd lo6sk'
Shrub, 2-3
AEic
Ft.
Acgypr-AFb. r 05. 1275.
tav*
sihpL, {nosl o.bicule, 1,5 cslaa, 0.54.5 x 0.5_4 m,
glabrcB.den6ely; periolc l-14 mh tong; sliputB tiree-lsceolatG,
o.dlcoE,Sepal6
I'nd{blon& hsirr ou6iri..
Iruit
p€tals
Oj14t nn,
tinbs long6 ih& ct!w. Ov!,y 4-tob.d.
2-4 lob.d, globrous or
skltaL h.iry, or&!c, ,rllow Nitue&ish ting..
sFcimen studicd: Kesjh& biu s, t9-r2oo4, [email protected] 595 (KuH).
Sp.cies wid.ly disfibu.d io palisr& and tndir
[email protected] @te Oocssional
wttr
[email protected]
ercEsl, ziziphs
Flowenne leriod:
on ln. hills but
doninot
nMrtoia $d
pmfupis
on sMdy plains in
[email protected]
znn
ssociliion
oflqw:$
SeFnbeFodob.r
Oepis vilosa
\Ni]tl4. in Noy. Acl. Nar
chuuar, L c. t44r Cbafoor, l. c, I L
Mlch [email protected], opro 3 o 1aI, shob.
t
Cr. [email protected]
205, I 805; Ch.udttri
&
3. A-E.
ta6
ovate{bicltd,l.,L? x l-7.5 cm; Friolc
filifom, I-2.5 cm 10.6 stipuhs foli&eou, ovare-oblong, c. I
cn tong, haily. FIo*eR
yellow whii.liDg.d;
[email protected] 5,8
hairy- Sepab obl{[email protected]!., 810 x
m
mruL, lihb
5 x 2
nn
e i'tictmdl'rc, lplo
2.j mn, dcnsely h.jry, acur.. p.Lls
tons; [email protected]
long. sumcns 25-30. Foir
conpBcd, udobcd,
sFdmd srudicd: [email protected]& hifls, t9-9-2(X!', [email protected]!,
(KuHr.
Il is found i. Pakisian, I.dia, Topicat [email protected],
8
M,
srellar.
oboyare, claw
subglobose.
A6bh, Egypt, CaF Ved.,Islmd! ed
[email protected] noie: A doninel pt4l of dE
hilts, gmws in
caduciJolid bd Acrcjd kh.gat.
Flo*.rirs Friod: [email protected]
ss
eno^ witt Euphofiia
TR]UMFETTA
?'i Crn.pt. 5. 285. 754; [email protected], L c. 15.
Hstsshnb wirh attema!. Bu y palmnety lob.d,
sripularc t.avs,Frowen l.af-oprosed
qiuaryi
or
p€dicetlale. Scplts lrd
Fr.ts 5 @h. Srlha [email protected], ft! or hood.4 he4
L., Sp. Pt. 444_
I
r
\57
CarFls 2-5, sylqryou;
d.ry ovoiddtiFoid wilh 2-5 @|Ld, @h wid 2{vute!, Foii!
ind.hilqr o. teutici&t eFulc.
A Senu of c, 150 sF.ies, tuinly distribu&d
in ite lropics .nd subFori6 of borh
rh.
KEY TO THE SPECIES
shrub or
ordmhnbldEii
dr..5bmi5 t0.25............:_
=
Triunleda
& Churrar, l.
Shrub_
Nta\dyokat^,
c_145;
chlfoor,
Encycl. M.thod. Boi.3: 421. 1789; chtudhri
l, c, t6.
t
4_
o
A.8.
@d.6hrub wirh sprelding btuch€s,
ullo 60 cm rrx. rr.ves bbadly obovale_
orbicula_ 0.7-4.2 x 0.84.2 cn,
ddscty hsiry; p.liote 0,6_0,5
long; slipulB j-4 nd
lon& $bular., hrirr_
brati
Fto*c
m
clbe afuged @nNty. dxtE_rilt..yj
,rlow;
I nn tong, linee. SqEls 5 hn tong, liSulat crcux&,
,
.mcd .i lhe .pcx,
in
sr€rhl€ hairy outsidc, pet b stiShtly
shond 0ur $pals,
Sraned 10-25. Fdit ovoid wi$
spin
hdrat
ehdsinar
Spei6 oeu6
hturud
i,
slanlirL
s.
sp.ch.n [email protected]& hilk.2t).70.
ea&& Gh,[email protected]
hitt , t9-9-20{!.
at rhe apex,
Je59
59rtKu|1i .
ftUro. Kaajhar
patisro ed
Indi.
foed in th. v.Ie)s of rh. hi s wiIli
difeqr 3Fci6
suchaE phofth ca&cafotia
&d n
i,h.$s.
Flowcdng periodr AuSut_scpr.nbei
T
urnfeato.penta
19,
t8jlj
chsfoon
tn A. Rn]h. in Ouill. & p€o., Fl. [email protected]
tc.I9.f.4.
*"
p€,
4.5.e x
oh,.;
Lr
6 cm. smpr. haiD above
5,
:inens
6Gry qelo
r
tob€d ,
;;;,:;.'fi
.yne, [email protected] sansely, opposiL
to lc,f; bndr
rgua., abuhlc, srclar€ hairy outride,
:-:ri
I
: 93. r.
C-D
I:,,:Ttowi.:
:r
cro*,
^e.3
tc.I rtbnboid{v.r..
Folna&tv .l
!r,ob.d &[email protected],.
Tai.
0. carprcs
2_3
tui bn&
4d lre ak
fffff.H
hairy, [email protected] S.p6ls
aued d rh. eex, ?.hls obtu$,
6 long a
2; ov*y 2{cl.,i. cap.ure
wirh [email protected] d spine,
r58
sF.imen studi.<l Klmjhe 6ilts , Aais, Ch,Joor &Ablar
[email protected] hillr I 9-9,2004, [email protected] 598(KUH)_
Distibulion
South
Ecologiclf
Esai,
4O0a (KUID;
Asia Cap Verde Ishds, Trcpkal Afiica ed Fomosa,
note I
CoMoi d th. hils i, [email protected]
wiIh c.a//@,r dacidw, Cadaba
Flowdirg p.riod:S.pteDha-OcrobF.
23.42. Vf,RBENACEAE
H.rts
b slhbs
L.ovs sihpt€, opposire. Lfloer.€[email protected] of vsiou type. Flowr
Sepols dd plrlls J eeh, co..ale, Sranens: I stciile
ed Nuly 4 fertil€,
zySonorphic.
didynmous. ClrFls 2, syiqrpou;
A [email protected] of
c.7J
o$r, sursior,
g.rc6 lnd c.2500 s!Eci6,
2-4
mosdy
e[€d,
*h
@I t{wlcd. Fruit
to6d in tropiot dd subulical
CI.ERODENDRIJM
L., Sp. Pl.637. 1753; Ceh. pt.5.285.1754;Jafri,
Fj, Kr.2s8. I966j
Gn [email protected] in E.Nsn & Ali, Fl. plk 77:
29, 1974.
Uslally lhrub o! r€$ @sio.,lly wirlt opposih,
Ftiohr.,
Floweb in qiltary or remin.l crEe
or @1, eliary; btui.ja.
A Scnu ol c.
2OO
spei*, disribuicd
in repics and
wm
jafri&
F8ios, mdnty in rtk old
Clerodend.urn phlonoid.s L.r suppt.
2r. t78lj chau{tri & churlar, ves.
Rag. Ft. Tha dsen, I45. 1966j JaAi
& [email protected],
l. c.:
Shnb, upro 4m
Iloqes
i.
&I; Lav.s opp6il., ovar€ l-5 x
ditlary, cy66;
cmy,{bih
rt.
r: 7. A_8,
c4 Ftiote 0.8-2.5 cn long.
c,1.5 cm eDs; pcdiat I.5tO
l_3.5
or ycltowhh,
m long, dcely hi6urc; [email protected] ov{r., htrc6tate,Crtra bb.s 5,
4-5 M
c peulate, glabrcus, pale or y€llowish gteco. Coola tub. 2-2.5
pub€Gnt inside, lobs 5 sbcquat,
ovoid, blaok, S.eds oblo.g, white.
long,
cE long Dmw,
ov.rrltigic, 7-8 mn tong, ovary 4{.ll€d. Dtupe
159
Speciha stjdicd: K6bo, 18-9-03,
tE-9-03,
Z4tunA
364
(KUH), NaSqp&Ld_
zmmd 367(kun.
Disrribu..d
sd,
ptains,
h Indi! ed p&istan.
Ecofogfcrl note:
Sp.ci€s gows @csiotulty on sddy
ph,tu ||lh Capp.ris deridtu
ci"em.d . lecia nibtiq Nd ort\.t [email protected] [email protected],
Flowering period: FebMry - S.pr.hbo
Prosopis
2.3.43. ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
H.rG o. rhEb' Lav.s opposir.
solilary.Sepds 5,
te.
of..
30
sondin s slLute
2_3
rbt6t . IloweB
perats 5 or 4, fEe.
Srrnero 5-15, l_3
sync&pous; ovary sup.rior, 4.5
A fanily
or
in
cync or
si.i!, ae. CsrFIs 4-5
ellod, qcb ce *irh 2-noy ovulcs. Fruil uuauy
gen.6 ed .,300 sp.cic6, dislributed
i, rropical &d
wm
Egions.
KEY TO TEE GENERA
TAGONIA
L-
Sp. Pl, 386.
l75ji [email protected] in E.Nrsir & Ali, at, pal.
26: 9.
Snqnd i, K_Kubirli, Fu.
1l::" i,-:r*.-,*,peDts
) eeh. sllnea
& c q.Ve. A: 9, 493.2oo7.
h€rbs.
"Emi,r.
pinej Hosc6
10. Ova,y ja e
1974i M.C,
rsv6,mpr.. opF3ir. or r.?. forior.r.;
soliu4, sdraD. p€d(e
are. S.patc
hd
wirh 2 ovut., e!ch. Capdule p)dDrtbl,
5-
30 speics, toud minty in
M.dn.m.$, S. W_ &E &d N. E. rrctiol AAi€^bour
NW Ldia,Pstisrrr, sv Atia and
sW No,$ Anedc! (Unit d starr.
Fagoaid in lica
Chu0ar, V.g.
Itag,
Bw. t,
Fl.
Tt&
Ft.
Ld. lo2. ub.34.
d*r!
r
'ig.
L
1268; cnrudhri
46. t 966; [email protected] r. o 76,
t
ld,
I
&
g7a_
t60
a
P.r.n.i!l, h.rb, [email protected] pNunbenr t€v6 bifoliar. al $e aF\, hifoliare at dF
bsci
laielr [email protected] @la&, 6.35 x O_54 lm, ssih or pdioLd; stir{t6 spin€ li}..
Flowcn pink puQlc; p€di€I 4-6
[email protected],
m
out , j-4 x 1.5 m, glmdular pate
c. 6 x 3 nh, obnBe. Sl.neos c. 6 6n loi8.
long. Sepah
&u1., pc6isr.n Pebts sp{tut.,1c,
Spoinen 3r!di.dr Kdid6 dm, [email protected], p.Fnniat hdb with y.ltow
flowers,
15-9_03,
zatutud 1t2 (KUH).
specks occuH trough out hdia-paldsran
dd
slso
i, soi did Egiois
of Nonh
E ologiel @lc Comon drcugiou NagaQark, gDws
wjlh difieEnr
llso fom purc popuhdon on Dcky phins.
Floweine pdiod:
dd
sF!i6 dd
Meh _s.Pkhb.r
TRIBIJLUS
L., Sp.
pl.386.
PrcshrertccMb.nr,
snpuhte
levs.
Fri€s,Ovary
A
gnB
c.2t.
&r!!l
or p.rdriat, hc6s with atr.hare, opposn., poipima&,
Flowd silL.r, $titary. S.p,ls ed
F|!b 5 *h. S&Des
ssilc,
wirh c.20
1753; Cen, fl_ 5, 183. t?5; Ch.foor,
t,
lO
5-celt.d with
2- 10
Sp,
n.
2
ovuled. Fruit shihoarpic, wiieed o, slinous.
sFci6, oainty foud
T.ibttus tefi.strb L.
i.
in ropicar
ed 3ubroprd
parl3
ofrte wortd,
387. I ?5jj 6h!foor, 76. L c. 26.
lqv6 FripirnaL, :2.5_5 cn tdg; slipul.s
[email protected]! ro talcal€i [email protected] ldcelar,
.ltipric, 5-r2x !-8
floweb y.llow; [email protected]
uplo I.5 cn long. Sepak ovne,
4_6 x 2.5 dm, aour., !€r!ls
obovare, 5_8 x
m.
Ovary hi6u!. Maiq.p 4-t m
tonC; dci*ty hai,r_
Splcinon sludied: Naga.prrtm,
I 9-y03, [email protected] 3gg
\KUH).
Widely gow!
Tmpiql md sub lropiet rcgio,s oa Asia,
Aaica, S. Eurcp., Norrh
appEs.d.
'h
l.j
i.
Dcological nore: Fouhd thFugholl
the sddy @a mhmonry ,n ss,atjoD
with
CoMlwlB pro*an t. [email protected] atuu ryreg,,nd
Eclipta rowatowhhe @ on rhe h ls.
f rowcnnS P*iod S.pEnb.rNov.hb.r
l6l
ZYGOPEYLLUM
L,
Sp, Pt. 38J,
DiiIuFIy br&ohen,
I
?51; C.n. pl, 5. 182. I 754
ch.foor,
t. c. 27.
p.Emiat, Fosral., h.lophrle with simpl€ or l-2 fotiohre,
3tipollk [email protected] Ftowc $lir.rr, diuary, y. ow o. $tite. S.Fb dd
Fr.ts 4j ah.
Stands 8-lo,Ovary hypo$6our, s.rsile. 4-j el.d *itn superroFd olules,
Fruit
annuat ro
A genls otc.loo speci6, di$libured in dcen &d sLpps Aom
[email protected]& !o CoErt
Asi4 S, Aftica tud Ausriali..
ZrgophyAum
thVkx
Msr
L.,
t:68. r?67r Cn&dbri
t
cbuld.
I_
c. l4?:
Ohaioor, L c. 26.
[email protected], [email protected] io Fsrr.re, 8-20 .m tong
[email protected], [email protected] hqblava
[email protected], sinple, s$il€, obloDg{yliidric, 4-t8
ni lorg; sriAlcs [email protected], &ure_
FIo$6 yellow l! p3l. whi!., pcdic.lsldde,, I.5-3 m long.
sepak. euipric{blotrg.
L5-2
nh
SFdm.n
t6rat
long. Ftuit
d.od.d.
2_3
sed.d.
studicd: Ned Run por goath,
4ll I (KUIII [email protected]
lnns
Nagirplrkd,
26-
t',iind grd^wn
l0-i,0, ga,ser, chaJoot
2G3-05,
(KUr).
Sp€ci6
gbk in patisr.., jndi4 ttu,
tuMtu t & .1tad 755
,[email protected] 4d nonll Anio, Car.
Ecologicrt note: Speies fourd i, sdioe
aEs conhonry
[email protected]@.
in
&Abrd
V.d. kt
nds
od
socirtion wi$,ru&ala
'nbiataed
Flow.ring Period: Febru!ry-Oclob.i
162
2,4.
KEY TO TI{E MONOCOT FAMILIES
2.4.1. ARECACEAE (PALMAf,
)
TE*
with shod
o tal ubmch.<t sicB. L.lves
suatty ld8. , simple or cohpouod.
[email protected] usulty a p&icle, covercd
by a s!6dix. !tow.6 uull, uiwud,
adinono+lic. P.ri&d eamdr 6, 2-si!c,
C,.Ft,
supc.ior, l-3-cclcd,
rdn
A,fo
a beriy
usually 3, syacarpour; ovary
o. drupe.
y oDpris 20G2t0 gq.6 Dd
subt&piql Egions ofdr world.
c,2800 sp.cj6, d,slribur.d
b
rrepicat attd
PEOENIx
L. Sp, Pl,lt88_
lTJ3iGnpt,
23,t915.
[email protected]
palhs
wirl cylhdricat
5i
4,
!754r Malik in E.
Nisir& Ati,
FI.
pat.t53:
sreD @veEd wil6 p.tiot.. l,.avcs pi4n.tq
pim..,
@dqce6, [email protected], lonSiludielly &ld.dj p.tiol.{e;
shdp sp,ny !r fie apcx. Flow6
[email protected] jn siDpl. btuch.d, dillary, [email protected]
Fo!6ylt,
A gdnls wilh.,l? sFliq foud o{jnty
in lhe Old World. In pakist n EtFsented
by 4
spei6. '[email protected] is on9 i [email protected] in N.gr.Dark
r.
t6)
Phoenix dactyhfera L.,
Thdd.lert lt7.
Paln rree, uplo 30 d !al.
spi.ca; low.r
1966;
Sp. pt. I l8E. I 753;
MaUt,
ts!6
L c, 23,
pilnar,
l.rfleb aodined
chludrii & chuflar, ves. Rqg.Fr.
l -5 m
i
longilqfl€b l54O x 2-2.5 cr wiih loog
o [email protected] simpie, brud.d, uillrry,
@v.Gd with ha4 [email protected] Femt. in0or$.ne spjtc,
spiLte$ [email protected] R4hiua up0o
30 cm ldg; llow€R glq. c:tta Eitob.4 n!.d .r g.
b{*, 4 r 2 m @h, p.t 13
orbiclld, 12 r 6 m. Male hflor.sqc! m!I, 12.25 d torg _now6
ssik. p.rrls c
8 mn long, Pistilodei s.aly. Fruir flcahy,
,.Io*ish - browr! edibl., Sedj sron,
Gddish
bokl, lo.gitudiDly
[email protected]
Sp..imcn studkd: Ow-jo-Wddio, 24-g
Prcblbly nady. to W. Asia
ed
N.
-2OOS,
ZMM,.I
Af.i{, wid.ly
EcoloSlcd mte: Orcws s 6. escape in salinc
Sahtdoro ohoi&t. pnepit jdinda dd &N
& A t M u45(KUt\.
doneslidted in pdkistan for its
[email protected]
[email protected]
r(m
of Kutch wirh
eetie
Flowlin8 Fdodi Meh - Ap.il
2.4.2. ASPEODELACEAB
Pcrciii.l or mual
sonetic ft.s, oft6 3Mul.n! rsv6 [email protected]_hMotar.
h€rbs,
usu.lly soc.uldr Flow€E in
Friclds. pcri&th segne s 6, 2{eriaL. Saio.ns
6. Carp.h 3, syrcarpouj ovary slFrior, j{.ll.d,
2-ntuy ovut6 r dch @U. Fruit a
d.hisot
.apaule,
rety
@m.
or
bcrry like.
A family ofc.ls [email protected] Md c. 700 specics, hainty disrribuled
in lh€ [email protected], Bubtbpical
ad tlmped. rsions orbe old $odd. mainb Sourhem Atiq.
KEY TO THE CENERA
AI,oE
L. Sp. Pl.
320. 1753:
Ca.
P1.5.191.1754; c,F.Snirh
Pl,3: 138,199& Ali
in
& B.-E. Vdwyk in K.
Ali & eaisd, Fl. p.k_ 2l
l:
2.,2005
164
Pcmnial h€d witt rduc.d sl.n
l!me. p.rjsrh
mdgiinl [email protected]* Flowe6 h
epiphylou. Ftuit
a
loculicidlt
The largdt genB of rh€
Aabia
but
&d Ds!l.rc) t, 2 mpldicut, 0*hy md spiry
sgmcnt! in 2
si6
qFut..
Idily
wirh c. 400 3Fci6, msi.ly distribute<t in Atica
mhlali2ed in Chin4 trdi4
p.khtr ind Mcdircm.D
Aloe ven (,.) Bum. f,, !1, Ind, 83.
I
lEaves
s$ile,
rt,
e*a L.
m,
l5-35x +8
Sp,pt,
dd
,egion.
M{,6 April
Chutlr(,veg. Rmg. FL Ths deFn, I03. 1966; Ali , L c. 2.
Aloe Tcrfuliatd L.
of 3 eclt. Stom€rs'
t
1768;
Chludtfi &
L A_D, l0
tt 320, t753,
[email protected], 6eerdib8, glaucous, spiny
Inflorocence peduculate. dcct, eapi8e,ous, 60n00
ch
dehtate,
long, racene, soneiines
btuch4. Flows Fdi.cI.E, rcflcxcdi br&!s ovatt,[email protected] pe.idl[
segnen|l 6, 2-3 ch lon8, ,tddis\ p.6i3rnr ov.ry 3au.d. Fruir L5 co
lory.
divided into 2
Klhjhd nil s, ?t-ylc[s, Zadand & tufu 886 (KV!D.
in nwy 6uri6, widely nalunti4! i. W61 bdi6, CcnFal Aoeric4
Speinen srudi€d:
Culfivated
Plrtlgd, Tutuy, Sou$ Asia ed Chin. Indi! .d patisrtn.
Eologic:l troG: [email protected] on ledy ptaic nc& mE bcds
Flowding Pqiod: Jeuary,AFit
ASPHODELUS
L. Sp. pt. 309, I ?51;
c...
pl. 5.146, 1754;
C,f.Snirh & B,_E.
Vee/q l. c.137.f
.41A-q Ali,l.c.4.
Amurp€re..ial nelns with sholt rhirco.s, L..v.s bsal wru ! hehbleoc
sn€arh dt
the b*. Flowen in aem. or [email protected]€s
wilh anicutlt. !Edicl.!. peneth s8not singh
veinetr, liee or
co.Dle, Foir
A [email protected] genus of moe
d
loculicidal capsul..
rho l2 [email protected], di$dburcd
Asphodelw t.nnifotikr C^\' An.t.
t2.A-C.
A'phod.t8 f6tutow L. yu.
in
Mcditetuon. wesr ed
Cienc.
k !&/4
Asia.
S.
N.r.3:46.1.27.18ol;Ali,
(cav.)
8.r..
in J. Li.n.
ss.
r.
c.4.
Bot.
15_
272.1816.
Amul,
15-50
@ r!lt, hdb.
t
lves b!s!t,
lii6,
shadjing ,t thc
nm. Scaps mfy, 30-60 cm [email protected]& btuchcd. Flows in lsx
ba,
enq
r5_jo
d
x
pediet 4,6
t_3
'fr
165
long; bncb bbldly
Slrheos 3+3.
ie.
Spcoimen srudied:
ov{.,
2.5x2
m, $diou'
psidrh segEcnrs ehic
ro
lurplish.
Fruir lo.uticidal @ps!h gtohoe. S€e& 1,2 in c&h [email protected] btactq
Own-jo-Nedio, tO tcn
i.
ol
wesr
22-9_2005, Zamtuud&
Atdn 82!
(KUB).
S.W.
Ewpe, Afnc!,
Ecologicrl
.ots
S.W. A3ia, patisbn
Comnon
d
dd lndir.
wed
hitpidisina, Anatahthw vnidis ttd Ectipta
and also on
prc
sdy pldB Mrt ,leriid
tuta.
Flowering penod: Nov.nbeFApril
2.43. COMMELINACEAE
FEMialor @ut ffi. tav6 sintlc, atcoDr., bs! sharhitre, [email protected]@
usully hclicoidr cyn., Florcs son.rin€s dd*! by cFbifon spalne. pendl
so8mcn& 6, 2-seriare. Sramers 6, funcliondty few.
Carp.ls j, srnccrFb, Ovary
Mosrly
suPerioi. usually 3-c.ltcd. Fruit usually a capsule.
A &mily ofc.40 [email protected] qd
640
sp€i6, dislriburd
in lropical
&d sbr.tnFrre tgiois,
COMMELINA
L. Sp. Pl.
l:
40. 1753; cer. Fl. 52j,
1754
j
eds& rlni i,
E.Nasn & Ali, !1.
Usually [email protected] with suFt.shy,
otnc elliptic t*ves, FloN€ts in twos, subiende! by
hood.d rpalhs: upper cyh$ wjrt tuU ud
oicn stcrilc ttow.6, towcr clm6 targcr
with f.nile [email protected] ns I, Gnitc, sraninodA
2-3. ()vary 2-3
eled. Frui
A gcnls cotuisting of c, I ?0 sp.cies, dislribd.d
in t opical dd
tr 6 Epi$entd by I sF.hs.
wdh
a
E8jons. In our aea
Conn&lina olbercerrl Hsk in S.iwcinf., Bcii_ lt,
A.niop. 210. t867;
Qlier & Jaari, L c. 10. f. 3. A. 1975.
P.Ennial h..b; neh p'osrlrc
nodes.
b decub.nr,
Lsv6 L5lO x 3n5 ntr, laleolare.
&lcate, fold€d. Flowe6 3_5 in a spa6e;
t5_65
.h
ton8, [email protected] s wilh tnick.ncd
cn lon8, cod.te, subsessile,
bhctool.le, S€pals 2J nm long. pel,ls blu.,
Spithe I_3
166
slborbicular, claw 8 mn longwiih suborbiculsr liftbtpedicets 5-6
hn, suborbicule. Seds 2 nn lorg.
Sp.cinen siudi.n: Kashbo, I9-l t-2tu),
Zawd
29
nn
long. CapsuL c,4
(Ufi),,Nat3dp{l,Itu, [email protected],
Gess in Tbpial Atiic{, Anbia &d pakis&n,
lcoloaiel nole:
In [email protected] cr.d
.ssiation wi$ ,4rdd,rrb
spp ,
Flow.dn8 peiiodr rhoudout lhc
lajlnis
ud
h.vins
sod d..Dag.,
grcws
[email protected]
in
Chtoris bdbata
y*.
2.4.4. CYPERACEAf,
pereDirl herbs with [email protected] rni2on.. Sten slid,
rndguld. L.!v6 Fdge liL,
she h tubultr, closed. Innorcsccne a spike, ftowm bisxuat
o. unis.xlal. Sianens
Usuauy
usually I,3. Cr.Fls 3, [email protected]; ovary suFrioi. Frui
, 6igono6
A g.nus ofc. 70 g.n€6 dd c,2O0O sp€ci€s found thsughour ln€ vo
d. tn
onc Fnus
dd
2 sp€cies
[email protected]
orly
@ fouod.
CYPERUS
L., Sp. Pl. l: ,t4.
lTjt;
Ceo. pl.5 26.
t754JGttond, in Ali & Qai*r,206:
82.
2001.
H.$s ed shubs wilh [email protected] srch, usualty rrimgutd
md rnrrcmaos D&. How4
[email protected] i. spilc or omp.cr tEad; tuhils
Fsjst nq glh6 disriclFus, slaly IMy'
lh. 2 lowBt erpty, lie succ&ding bisual.
Stigna 3-fid Frun nulteis.
A genus ofc. 600 sp*i6, oai.ly dishibured
in hopicalmd wam @go.s or tnc world.
Kf,Y TO IHE SPECTES
Cfpu6 atenanlr
Rlizoturous,
cqualing
\etz., Obs.p. Bol.
FMrial
41
9.1786;
Si.n c I m scrcs, cytin&icd. Lev.s
$e s€m; sh4lh lon!, nc*e4 disint gdins inlo fib.r
.t nanniry; lieute .bent.
hc!b, upto 30 cn rilt.
t6l
t
cw.d. sbrcus
atblades c.l nm widc,
ar
th. negin. [email protected] qpila&, upro 20
nm reos! @Dos.d ot5 to noE rhd 20 spik6i b6ds l-2 folioe, upt 50m,[email protected]
100 hn, ngi4 sh.athl6si spik &20 nn, ovoid; glh6 ta-20, [email protected]; @his zi8ag,
Nul L5-l-7x
Cype
1.3
s
on. oroid,
,otundut L.,
de4
Sp.
pn:
45.17j3; Chaudttri & Chun , V.8. R&&Fl.
K!tloN., l. c.lol
[email protected] hcltl, 20{0 cd rrlt wiib q!.pi,g, r.igo.os 9l!n ed c. 2x | .m rlbd . tav6
snotur ind sLbj shqlh! lon& enainB r.ddkh, blades 30 x 0.1.0,5 c6, na1 or fou.4
Tn4
?5, 1964
iong aire.uat at apd. [email protected]
o &rhilodih,
l, lolios md lorg{ lbe inlloltgoe,
mm, .llipcoid or alovoid,
cn long; towcr no$ br&rs 2_
@his 4.dgted. Flowd bisu.l.Null c. t.5xl
4-10
boMjsh b bh.k t igorcE
sp€ciM sbdied: K.nrjhd hitts [email protected] godoM, 2+j-2005, zanbu.t & At d
674(KUIt.
Grcws
i.
[email protected] ad sublropical des lhrouShoui
Ecological not€: Cohoo! ttftusho Oc
the
wortd,
@, *Fcirlly nd
cutlivirion
ed noisr
Flowdjng pdiod: Fcbru.ry-Meh.
2.4.5.
IIYACINTHACf,Af,
Annual lo
Fremid, bulbols, h..b. Leav* l-hdy, fitifom, Inno,cse.e sposc,
smPrc of @npoud Ec.h. or spite. pdieth g.Snnts 6, 2adr&. staheN
6 2-
*ri.t., $netin6 in l-si6
[email protected],
d.hiMr
Ca4eL 3, synqrpos. Ovary $Frior, 3alte{L Fruir.
crpsute.
A fanily of c.?0 gcnera
ud
900 sp€cies di$ributcd in bo$
th. wort& but mi.ty in
South.d Anica-Mcdireme cgio8.
DIPCADI
M.dilq HisL Conm. Ac.d. Etc<a S.i,
Kubilzli,
Fd- & Ca,Vsc.
I
Itad. p.hr.6:431.
1760; F. Spe.d
in
K.
2?5. 198
; Ati in Ali & eajs6. 214: 5. 2005,
Pcennial, bulbous, he6! *ith papp.y sates, trlvcs bsal, lindlaaccolaie. Flowd in
ssposc €cdie.Peimih *gm.nts fued ed fomirg a tub.. sram.ns alra.hed with
Pl.
:
168
!.r'ah
segnents;
ovary t-eued, c,2o{vul* in €ch. caplub
sF.i6, di$ibui.d ir
A g.nus witn c. 30
Dlpcadi erythraetm
PcE nial, h.r6, | 0-20 cn
l5-20x0.2-0.4
[email protected] 7-9
m
tll
:Nern..
subgtoboe Nilh
rh. Old Worl4 nainly in M.dn
& B.rih., Hn. Nat. C€6e.
wirh 2,3 x t,5,2,5 co, ovoid bulb.
5. 3r
Imee egion.
j4 t. I E48; Ali,
l-vs
t
Ere,
[email protected]!
L
5_6,
ch.S€p.4-20 [email protected] Flowc6 t-21.4 cm; p€diet3 2_3 @ lon&
long with ponin nt neP., p.rieth segnenB in 2
8oups, [email protected], flsed
for ebout l/3 l.neth
Spccimen studied:
fbo
ihe b6e. Fruil
Krejhoi hitt
t-lalved, 12.14
nd
lon!, Sccds
6_7
Cod6,2Gl-05, Zaman d & 42,
Found in E6a! Sludi Aobi!, L!4, tu, Afghdnbn, p.kjsL,
sd Iidia.
Ecological Dotc Connotr on rhe hi s.
behin d
m.
556
(KUH),
Flow.ring period: FebosyJuty
2.4.6. POACXAE
(cRaMrMAr)
Usully &nual or [email protected] n rbs wilh cytidri.d, holow cuths. kav6
alr.nal.,
shalh op.n !r rltc be. Flow6 iI spilq, 6etu or pdid6
or p.,iclcs ofspikcters;
biqral. P.rierh EpEqt d by 2todic!I.s. Slanos 3, @ly t,
li ovrD suprior. tathd. $igha 2. ptmose. Flui a caryopsh.
usully
A lar8.
2 or 6j
.!rFl
fb
y ofc. 670 g.ncm tud 9JO0 lpccica of world wide
disniburion minly jn
rropi.ri &d N. tebted. ar$_ [email protected] by t 7 [email protected] ir ou
[email protected]
KEY TO TEE CEI\IERA
r69
InnoEsne @mIo*d
spike,
clum.s rubcqu.l.
of Fv.ml
[email protected]
lind tmicl.. clmes
a pair or
oblon8, scutrd
Cdosjs .f:9a1t ........,.... u.Elekmw
of shon d.ely de'!d 3pik brn Dot
'-
aceiiiiEiid
+on paunaea
rar. rcbu parmiar *io
uncqul. Caryol6js
, .. Detmoea.h
but not @v.ren by
rcriiln-- sp
h4B+lf9E!q!:!sg9!r--
$e sp.th...
''. ''=
iiiiiiifr-[lifr
.. ..
.
....... ....... .....s"*nm
oulmi nor elid. siltt hliR
Inflm,coc. nol flexuous
!9tG, nod reluced ro a h tin. 1'nn4..
9I.l n"'.,no"ed,..d
.
........ ..
..
Dtcha;i;;
i
&l$-!_!E!4 b
*-.
spjr.h'r m' subcndcd 'JEb';
by rrr. brjdt.s. .
''_Bdsl6 F6in !R.r faling
--- _--''
rh.;;EE;
:
B1'r!."9"d. it d'.
B,'"rler
rh.,d
D€nslt '..
tuR.d qnuds f
Noi
da*lv
tutod
muG;
nnhh Spikckrs
p€tricl., @nE!d.!
"Lof
she.rh and
rrar shearl oa
.. spft;ttc. sriGl"rsl
.-.- -- . . .......,-..--Ariilida
ot sp e, SpiLkr, 4-m{i
innoK;; 1edua,. ...... ....:[email protected]
mnoriqiioi Iadrl&.......,....... ...,- _ l5
sifl dq*,
crtindnc.l spike. Spilddr in
but nor in daduous
rnnoEs4ne huch [email protected]
EJe-
tnf toreremecompo:caor-miii
Lo
rglun6 adqil.
LostrElum.
,hh$- ..'_':::l
C
ibairc
.tBkR.
-
daiduu
- .l--::it
.............PM
opsk.llioric. . .. . .... ,.....Brach;;
isobronr.. .. ...... .....- . ._lta:@
AIIISTIDA
Sp. Pl. 1.82. 1753;
ccr. pt.5:35, l7j4r
Cop€ in
E.Nsir & AIi,It, prk. 143:40,
1982.
Deely oftcd wi{Dur Mlsrckr_ !qy.s [email protected], ulu.lly
r,E
cdc
ir &nuals- [email protected] of @nt6crcd
or
in
bej on!
jn
Frmials ed
on
spik let !€rict.. Spikct.r. I,flowcEd
t10
with lon& sc&iou glum.s dd with cylin&iqtor hG6lly @npr.sed indud.d
cndin8, p.l.a a half b long 6 lebm
Thc g.nus compries c-330
spsi*,
distribuicd in trpical
l.nm
dd subtropiel egions. It
is
rcPftscni.d bt 4 sp€cies ir ou am.
KEY TO TEE SPECIES
ArNi.la adeensionit
Usually
snul
or shod
lvcd
L., Sp. pl. I : 82. I753; CoF, t, ., 4r.
.er
r
6.
I
t0.
1982.
srEidr& klve 20 x
0.1 @, lir{, ehdines fotC.d. p&icte upio 30 cm,
16€! deN alxt [email protected]; spilclcts
pallid, [email protected] or porpt6;
Slws rD.qu.t, .Mless; [email protected] jt7 m lolg or.qual ro
glme, lalcnlly @mpr.ss4 convoM., *.botoB it th. rp.x d am.<I,
cedst brdch
of $c rwtr 7-25 on loo8, @116 short, neowly obtoog, obluse,
sp4im.. studidd: Nagaqartd, 26.rG1910,
chaloot & Abw E6,aih
[email protected]; ufrl
upro t m rdt.
o.
ecket,
4096
(KUH)|NASap&k&, l9-l r-2002, Zanotud &, Sed tOtKU:!.
i
Thrcudlour thc ropics. ed widely @w io patirie.
Ecologicd trote A wi.Lty di$ibur.d sFoi6 $elghout $.
Flowing lsiod: [email protected],D*nh.r
Aris,idr qananthaN6
p.F nid;
d
Sr.rA,,,yn. pl.
da
cth. t: t4l_ t854; CoF,l.
c.,
n ull, t av.6 3t r 0,5 cn, lintr. pdicL toose, op.n, t5
- 40 cE long; spileleh purplisi to slraw;
8llncr lower teccohte,8t5 f,h tong,
Robust
scabrulous on the
culns upro
2
heli upp.r 10.15 nm
long, bifid or
tn .p.x, aM
uplo 5 om lon8,
t1l
[email protected] otr Ihe kel. tanm E-lJ on, cEr., @nvolut, [email protected], rmed
pnhour
lnidlatio.- Crllu llft4 oblorg.
SFciha sMien: Kmjh& hifls,2l.3-2005, [email protected], 649 ( KW
Tl'bughout Patishtr, Af8lEisloD, Noitlw6r India &d Ncprl.
Ecological Dors Foud o. sdy pl.irs @d .r [email protected] hith.
Flowering pdiod: M.y-Seplembd,
An$i.lo
Iwicdott '\in, A, Rupr. Sp, Crm. Sdp. 159. 1842; Chaldhri &
Cbln r, Veg. Rog. Ft,84,
1966i CoFF, t, c,45,
p&ict. l0 cn long, tinee wi$ f€w
[email protected] wirh boMbn lingc; glm.s uequal, lowr tongei Ujd urF,
Amual, cul,ns lpto 30 cn idl. Lev.s l0 x 0,2 cft,
nowes; spitelets
n€mbmouE bolh,
at&rut4lcltn 4 oh
long, cyliadricd,
sbrid atov.,
anicutar.
rpi€lly; callu uFo 2 nm lon8, pnng.nr, @niql; @tum rwi3r.d,4.5 m lons.
SFcihd srudi.d: NlaaqEte s$dy pt.iB, t4-9- 2003, Zahdrltd 27|{]/.Ut\.
Cos i.
lndia P.rj$n, Anbi!, Middb E$l &d
f,cologicd note
A(.iq
A @@@ speiB orcuttivar.d ticld!
sdy pl.ic ed
rhc low hilrs
[email protected] pdiod: Jues.prnbd
Attddt m!.tabilb Inn, &,
Rup,., Sp.
cm.
Stip tJo.
1842; Chludhri
&
Chutr,r, L c. 84j Cop., L c,, 4?_
Anrul wilh [email protected] tufti culn! upb ?O cm l! . Lcav.s nmw,linai, c. t4 m long.
Pbiclc loo* of corra€ied, uplo 20 cn lo.& Mov, ovrte$pikelcb gEy or pallid;
glunes locaolaiE, vary in size, qbrutous on th. ke.l .Ldm 1eEre,
4,5
sbrid ar !h. aFx;*llus I - 1.5 mm lo.& tindi, pllca shonc. bd r€ma,
specin€n studied: Nagarp&kd sddy phiN,
2
t.3-2005,
n6
long,
Zarolrr' 651((UH).
Distribudon found in India, p.kjslar, M.uitaria ,nd rtopic.t E$r
AAi*
Ecological mte: Spe.i.s grcws comody on th. hills od tio ptriff w n o$er
Ilowing
pdiod: Jmcs.ptemb.r
t12
BRACEIAIIA
(tdn.)Cnieb.i!Lrdcb.,Fr.R!s.4:459. tEj3;Cap.,t.c. 201.
Amu.l to Frcmid, gt|s wirl lin6 t.ar& rn0ollscqlc. @po!.d of d.enB wirh
! con]lM alr r&[b 3{gl.d ro dbt ir. wio | silgt. rpikda or o..lsiondly ii
low 8lle mwh dDtl6 tho Ih. upF gtuc $,t .h h
a [email protected] a spilcbr; low lbFr n lc o. j.!ik with its lct|m linitd 10 upla glM.;
upFr l.mr obte or Dul., @risioq, is rul8iB ovqiiS rh. .d86 of pda
FiEi !pi|(.L|l
ov.ta to oblon&
c!.yoFis clliptic, @nF!s!.d dodtty.
A
[email protected]|!gio,minlyinAtio.
Rtocrtlo
t
Nnost
(L.) St,{f in pni!, n. Tmp. AA. 9: 542. t9 t9; Chrldtui
& Chu[.r, l. o 85i CoD., t. c, 207.
?6itu td'o{mL-,M.n
[email protected]
Murl,
r:29.
1761.
6
oll. taf-btr4x [email protected] ,2-2.J x O.4n.t m. [email protected]
l-8 d lon& 3inpl. or b ch.d .l th. b..c, r6lt, FiEd with [email protected], @nrigbu
3pik lct3. SpilGlGB 2.5-3.5 h|rr cttiPric, 8b!ou. or pob.sc.nr, *ui! io @tid& with or
wilhout r njF, 0.5 m long; du. shond thD spir.krr, upF glum ed towr knm
tun 4
fthbte$,
SFciftn
upF
3nJdi.d:
c. 70
lhro
tugoe,
N.g.rF lc.
$b!4!c{ur.,
lE
cutrjvd.d fi.tds, 2+9-200j, [email protected] &
ltan
829(l(UrD.
Gw! ir
A5i.
.d Aliiq.
Ecologicd not!: ftirly com6 spei.s of scdy ptdB .nd
FlowinS Fiodr r{Wu5r,Scl.nb.r
rlE slopc. .
CENCf,RUS
L., Sp, Pl. 2: | 049, 1753;
Amul
io
Flmi.l
c6,
pt. 5,: {70.
wirh tLr or invotd.
Uj4: Co9.
t.c,
2lo,
tav6 ad eirh r tisuL EdF.d
ro
I tiF of
hno|!-lqe.
cylin&ial, spiqL pmich wirh r 4ruh tuirb. E!.h 3!ik td d
clBtcr or ipik kt3 ciclos.d by [email protected] which is @npo5.d of I or noE whorb of
brisd6" th.sc re oto spiny !d @firlc d dr. b.!.. Stit(.krs [email protected] b ov.!c; toM
8lu. hdf rlE bryt! of 3pird.! llpa dM. lda6 rtre lh. low; torcr fiod, ndc or
h.i6.
t13
scrilc wilh its lcmm .quting
rft
spik l.r. CarroFis ctliptic
r,o
Th. gdus @Nis$ of c.22
stai6,
le.grh of spitetet upFr
doM
ovoid,
t.nd| 6
tong
s
lhc
y @mpEss.d.
dislribut d in
\Im
&d remDqa& Egrons, 6p€cidly
KEY TO THE SPECIf,S
Cenchtus binotus Rorb.,
Fl. rnd. 1238. l82oj
coF, t. c.243.
tav6 2-25 r 0.2-0.? cm. pdiclcs 2-15 cn bry ngidly
bristl6 .igid; iNolucc 4l I nn long doid imq bris{s .pi*lly tu! 6e [email protected]
foming e egul.r dis ofc. 4 nn in diderer, oder surfa.e conrliniog gnoves, hairy
,p€x puoSeni or pric*ly, belly ciliab; outer brbtles .M€ou, shoncr $o ine inner,
Amull; culns
upro 90 cm
rdl.
SFdnd s[di.d: Nagsrp.it! hitls, I C9-1968, ,{ti t 5l6 (KUtt, Budh4r,
Arittud & Alan266 (KUH).
CFq sidel) ii lndia Paldsran. AEbra lnd TDPIQI Aliila.
f,cologiql mte: commoo spei4 ir r.bc ptains ofNagarlarkd.
2C]-2001,
Flo*oingp€nod: Jd-Apdl,S.prenbetsNov€nb.r,
Ccnchrut cilia,'s L.[,d,- 2: to2. tjTt icope, t...241
Pctmill, culDs upio I 50 cE lill, ofier sufi{iico!., eending Lav*
3-25 x 0.2-l
cn.
Panicld 2-12 cn long, .yli.drical{void, puryle or sraw colourdi r.chis pubmlou,
mgule involEE G 16 m, .longated, Inn.. bri$lcs cqutl lo ihe spik lcis, ouer brisrls
fililom. Spik.l€ts 24
F
bun, 2,5.5 mm long !.u!.ty
ldc6tar.;
gtu.
didjnc! elne,
t14
Sp.cinen studied: Nagarporklr
,.{/.r 856 GUE)
wid.ly gnws in th. Old
roq n.& culdvabd
a6s
C!.r6,i'a.io6
lnd lary. lhdbs &d L*s
Flow.ringp.
od:
Zawul
&
World,
Dcological note:
spp,
ficlds. 25-9.20i5,
abud&tly on
edy
phinr wirh
such
Comndu !'6rara,
6 tqpl'o.rio .ad'.cilblia
tud [email protected]
Feboary-MarL S.pr.hberociob€t
Cencht t pennisetilotnb HGb$. &
Sreud.
d
Sr.ud., syD- Pl.
Glw. l:
109, 1854; Cop€,1. c.242.
Arnul
or
Ftuial;
culbs .Ecr r0-t0
m rill,L.dblid6
2-20 ca x 2-5
nn, 0.r
d
imd bd8rl6 @nn.te for l-2J nm above lh. rin of the
di* o fom ! cup, irvollm clongrre, Gl6 m lo.$ spit Lts l-3 Fr bM, 3-5
involutc. Peicle 2-6 cm lon&
ba5.l
sF.ind
nodicd: Kabo,
id N,qtpsrs t8n
tvg
2004,
Z.Mttd & an 516
(KUH),
It is foud in India Pdd$.n, Anbi! ad !oDi..l Easl AAic.. bttoduc.d
Ecologicol not€: Como. spcci.! ofthe
s
dy plains bur
re
oo
$.
ir AuslEli!
hills
Itowdng pqiod: F.tru.ry4clobq, augusl-Ocrobo
Cetchtus
l93li
piewii (Kwttt) Mdrc
Cope, l,
..
in Bull. Mus. Hi6l. P&is, sq. 2,
l:
523
244-
ore-2:41l, i ll9- l83l
5-7 x 0.35{.5 m. Pdiclc 5-9
[email protected] p/[email protected],Fr\'
m lorg
Adual wi$ 3t cn rdl elds. t4v6
crlind.ical, nchis [email protected]$, $ab di [email protected] , 15_27 m lon& int{ spine' fla!
our.r s!r6c. deel, .iliate wnn orc or tm sldlow [email protected] or [email protected], @m.te b.low,
filifotr abov.. Spitcl.ts 4.3 mn long, hn*olaE, I o. 2 p.r bm
spcinen srudied: (sbo, lg Nagrer*r iowq 199'20{!. za&o d & A16
577(KUI'.
tound in Indi., Polir&, ABbi. dd norlhm
Ecologicll nole:
Afria
common on smdy plaiD ed spomdic al
t!.
foot hilb.
Flosding Fliod: Mdh-S€ptcnbq
t75
Cench
.,
seaige',a v,ht, E um. pl. 2: 395. lE06i co!.,
Pcennial, foming
L c. 245.
clMF liln [email protected] b4e, .ulr$ [email protected], lpro
I
24. 5-6.
80
m L[,
gcniculat ly.sccnding. L..ves 2"20 cn x 2-7 mn. P&icl. upro 12.m long invotu€E 37
m,
cuD
shrp.d; imq bfisd* nMceB, shotur lhd oui.r, $otrutou,
spilel.l5 3-5 nm , l-3 p.r
in lndir, P!kisi4,
cili.&,
bu.
sFdnen studjcd: Ma.rpeh. tudy pbi6, t99- 2004, [email protected]
toud
@ri!
& M6t'
lKrlll,).
AFbiadd bpicai Aftio
f,cologicil noler cohmon speksof tudyphins.
Flo*.ring Friod: Meh-S.pr.nbcr
CIILORIS
Sw..rz Prcd. V.g. ind, Oc.. 25,
Amul
aad
n
FMnid,
io
1788;
CoF,
l_
tuft.d, rhibnabus or stolonifercus qiur line&, f!!t o. foldcd lesv.6
nbtuous ligule, Innolts.€@ 4-20, digit i.ly
{oq.Ed
c. I 18.
sssile or pedic.ll.t
mg.n
spilcs. Spik l.!r 2-4(,6)
2-Ds; N.lly onty rh. loqsl I€nihj gtm6
Dequal, hyalin , hidrib gEe. dd lough; lowd lenm .ori&eous, enlir or 2nob€d
a,lEec, dl or $n .M.4 !h .qud lo or mucn bngd thlr rhe spik jcq !at6 usualty
ab*.t, Caryop8is .llipsoid to linc{, usuauy triSonou or dor!.lly @mpFssd.
-Ihe
8dB h [email protected] of c..10 rpci6, dis$buted in *d t np.n& dd Eopidt
Chloris
tuftab
@8cd
Sw-,F|.lnd. [email protected] t: 200. 1797; Chaudhri & chuthr, l. c.86;
Loosly tune4 p.Fmial; culn upto
involut
40
x
0.3
cir
but
ln t!ll, gLbou,srolonifobus, t
fold.d loMrd .pcx- spit
uequal. Slcoid kmno
snd
in
l.tl +8
6mau, cl.vdtc, glabNu!,
cm,
.w.ed,
av6
@b *ith 3-flown,
6caly, rhnd
kmr
ely
glh6
sidihr to
sndlcr. CaUs eud€d , ciliai..
SFdmd studi.d: Nagdplrkd toM Ded high snool, l9-r2003, Zanattud &
[email protected] GUH).
Wid.ly disEibur.d thNglbut rh. E pics ed Sindh in
Ecologicel Dote: condon d'oushoui
FlMdng pdiod: Roud
lhc
tlre
sa
P*itar,
BFciauy i. nohl phces.
yod.
t76
CYMBOPOGON
Speng., PL pungilt.2: t4. t81jrCope,l. c.326.
Till. dqsely tuft.d. p.Fmi.thcibs. Leales tinear, onen a6n.trc, Ligule bembhous
or Miou' InfloEsensc a pair ofnceo.s includ.d
il d i.flatcd boalsh.ped spalh.ote.
[email protected] divaiclre,
scssit. Dd Fdieuare spik€tcrj of
toK
soitsr but @1. or
rcuter; bisxlal spiket.b do6aly @np6cd, ahed, 2_ilowercd, .ftc
upFr p€rfaq
lower edu.ed $ lemha;
eluh6 equl o, so, Caryo!6is I obloD&
The g.n!s consis&
ofc. 40 spelGs, disribu&d
ji
thc
patr
ftpics tud subircpiG ofth. Old
KEY TO THE SPf,CIES
Cwbopogon cofinulrtat
^@Ibgtu
@dhutatu,
PeEDiat, culns eEct
or dull [email protected],
(Steud.) Srapf
S|aDd_, Syn .
q @!dirg, uflo
naftw,1ihe b$e, filiforn
l
in Kew BuI.
\917:2\,
t9O1:
pl. Clum, I :
3s7. t 8J4,
jO cm ra .
tav.s
r
0-50
abovc . R&me5 15_40
lowcr nceme swothn tud bEftlsh.ped.
I
m
O_
l
-0.4
long;
cn, r.ddish
p.duot.c,
Iilenod6 .nd Fddcs dqs.ry h.iD, .lone
the
d&grn, dabrcB lo shodly hairy
oo thc b.ck, Spikele$ 4,7 m
long, tord, glune
eh4h.t nlr b d.eply @@v€ on rh. blck upper
l.|lu dapty bifid *irh t -2 cn long
slecihen studied: Nlsarpdrlr h\|,
, eairet. Chaloor & [email protected]
N.lorpdka hills, l9-9- 2004, Za,a/
ud & ,lan 606 (KUH).
Hsajn
4M9
IKu{];
t77
crcws in
M.drlria. Eslw&d
Ecotoglcrt not.:
FlowerinS peiiod:
cbw
in
to Sonalia,
&ks crvices
[email protected]
on th.
hith.
Apritocloh.r
Cfnbopogon nadihii &oxb.) wals.
t88l
@., paki$.n
and it,ouShout gutf
i,
Arkins.,
cs
Nw. rndh tor
392.
Cope, t, c.132.
Antopogd Mirii Roxb , Ft. tjd. t: 280. tBzO,
Robuq peEmial, upro 3 n r.lt. Lsves
50 x t-j ch, xneaFt&[email protected] glucou
or
pruime b.low, cordate or mplqiaul
b$e , alq raFring. dtifoft, [email protected]
Fadorhiclc
tinqr obto.!, cddish, Racne l j-20 nn loa& p.ddcular.,
row6t [email protected] sol.nj icoode
ciliar€, nargin [email protected] h.iry; spikrl.r!
s$il€, cUipric or
obrong. r.wr
eluhe with ! d..p e.oovd in $. low.r
ledj opFr |mDa bitid
30 cm tone,
*itt
[email protected] srudi.!: r(ddll)a
hil ts
NaE tpo
\un I H,tr,, t.+9-.20U, [email protected]
.antutd .t A|aD 8t9 IKUH).
|
12- 18
a, Qaer, cral.Dr
& ,rbnt E4tuia 4oro
d ,4/@ 008 {KLrH)i N.gqplrt& bitk.
I 9_q. 2005,
Cews in potistar Dd India, cutiva,rd
i! roric!
Ecologlcat nore: comon spei6
ofthe hils .
Floweriig pedod: Sept [email protected]
cylbopoe-oh Jrorancura
aor6) scbutr sysr. ve8. 2, Manr. 458.
Andot"e- .'oovuJo6 h Ajh!
R*. 4: t0e. I?95.
-rtlm al uPro | 5 m ull t A4l0
x 0.5 cnr ud or @ited,8titrcB
*::T
"-.
**"
illjl"d',",.."a"
ar the b€s.
11.22
b.low,
@
mouta
bn& iow.sr p€[email protected] Dor
d.tuery urE& arons h. @gD
&d on rhc baci.
5 tu bn8. towe.glum.sslisflr,
@nsle, upFr tetnm
.a n"o*h
dcePr) bifid wirh 7- t0
mm tona
RaM.
1824;
ah
SF{ihen studicd: Nagerparta.
Kaanlha hr s,
(KUHJ
l5-9_201}l
[email protected]
&
Atau sht
Foord in plkisrar\ Indh
ard Netsl
t78
f,cologicat troae: A connoi [email protected] ofl.'le sroFs.
Flow.rinB Fnod: Augusr-Nov.mbc,
CYNODON
Rich. in PcR. SJd.
pl.l:85. t805;Cop.,
Lc_
I16.nom,coN.
CEpiIg [email protected] wirh 6u! y linq ed n lqv$
Md s ncnbeous li8de.
[email protected] of dieil'r., l_sid.d spit6;
spitcs 2_& sprkcl.r l_flN!rc4 lar.oly
@htEss€d, awnlBj CtuD6 2, shor&r
tnd lh. floftq usurlly t-nR.d; [email protected] lnened, wnh cililre keel, aML$r
Fql* 2_ke.lcd_ C.ryop6t c irboid
Tne.gcnus compris.s 8 speci.s, dbt
iblltn in Eopjql dd w&n r.dperab Egionr,l
sp€crcs occuN in
Na8arpdke.
Crnodon doctftoi \L.) p.a., SF. pt,
l: 85, ts05;Chaudhri & Churs.
87; Cop., t. c. It7,
[email protected]
do.qton L., Sp. pt.
[email protected] [email protected] h.rbj
t,
t..,
5E. 1153.
cut6 upr.40 ch
long. L.avd 2.12 x 0.2-0,4 ch.
ns0
aMd6, Burlty b..d€d , tigute O.j oh
long ,shod sdou3, nm crtoLte.
Rlcch.
Bla y 4,6, up{o 7 ch tons. SpitrL.!
2-l nm tons: glha [email protected] lxmma nor
[email protected] parqghbrcB, sebtuto$ or Lhe tqh.
C..rop6is 6u y n4id.
:!.!men nLdied Auoner neq N{8,rpsk
, ?J-l -2OOS. [email protected] 689tKuH).
{rde ) gtu\r u hpi.atbd wh renp.raE
FSiob eughou, rhe Norld
r.coloSicrl mtei A hwn
96..et) tohdin sqd) plantr.
Flowedng p.riod: All
}td roud
DACTYLOCTENII]M
Wrttd,. Enum, Hon. geEt.
tOtg. t80atCope,l.<.lO).
Sloloni&oB.
anul
ro [email protected], tuned
Crssds wilh lin€e tav.s Md membieous
ugul*. Inl]oll*[email protected] disi&q rminal
with 2,sveEl, s$ite; ra€ni r
dis4tioutaL sbove
lhc ltrn dum. ed b.rwan
Oc ooErsi gtumes + @cqut. t{.ded,
kcted, shoner hd
4rrereo. Laryo!6's tu3x14.
Tne
€eds
ohpri*\
tud Indrr.2
3p€cics
speicx dLhbur.d in
found h ourea
<. I
4
J
sm
regions,
o,hry
A
triq b
palJsrrD
t19
KEY TO
IEE
SPECIES
cuffiiii oiE-Iti-.ffi
Pcrcnniats wiuron onea iiliiiimttfr croiiiitt.t-iTffi
a
ennur
or prcnoiar wirrr
uca
I)actytoct nitttn azgpnurr, (L.) wiltd., Enm.
Hon. Bml. t029_
1809;
Chaudhd & Chune, t. c. 87j Copc,l, c. 106,
C)'atB
@gtptis
L'
Sp. pt.
tt
72. 1153
Srolonif.ou, tuiicd, &nual or
temi4 uudty mlr fotug @ly €@L t !y6 t,2j
x 0.24.8 @, @gir6 papi[oe-hispid. InloeM
@DIDr.d of 3_9 spita, oFn,
sp'kes 1.2-6.5 cn long, lirq-lEmvly
obtong, Mdine or hdr.rr€ ftoD rhe clbs
lip, Spik.lets 3-4 oowcrcd, 34.5 ftn tong,
ovarci Clm6 slb€gut, upper c iptic 10
llhwry obov.re wirh sc.bnd .M, Iower lflccolat
wirh thict k cl, t nms ovate, 2.6,
4 hm,lo.g wi(h eu& aspi<t t q
muco,are tet upro Im lon& p.ts wjng.d
or wing
ls3; Caryol6is c. I m lon& [email protected]
[email protected] sodied: Nagsrp&kd
,@
dry srr4h, 16.9_6& ,{t, t 504. (KUH);
N.g&p&t
.ear cuhvaied iietds 24-9.2005, Zanan
d A Abh, 910 (KnE).
'lvidcty distribuGd lirou8ho
the tropica oarhe Otd Wortd,
DEoduc.d in Aneica.
Ecologic{I uote: cms
in
th. phins oed
dry
sf.d
b€ds.
Flowring pdiod: tuty-Odohcr
Daclfloc,.niu stndlc,n Barss., Dirgn.
*i 2. 4. l3l , I sjt jCoF, Lc. I08.
FEMi.r' curns upro 4r cn hish. sr.ndr, MIcn alrh.
::or:i:feDN
Uodc nd o. [email protected] folded t-l
lx Ol j.O.3 n,
cm?.sd oI 3.5, f.tca1!, oblong spik6,
bac.
hairy atons ne
0.8_2 cm tonC.
Spixel.rj
L.!f,
n.r8r. [email protected]@
3-9
lokrd,
bb.dly
ft4orate-dale,4,8 nh lon8; glhes
euipric,lower 1,7- 2.5 nh ton8; [email protected]
wingcd; upper L5 - 2.3 nD tonS;
tdnrs leccot4c, 3 _ 3.s hn long, obte _
&ure;
Fr6 $abdq winslc$. Clryopsis r.&ry.ely @npes$d.
Found in Indi4 p.ljs& !o
N Afii6
dudrcdi
::lTn
[email protected] nBMk
Na3!'e!rrs,
d4
on
$!y
@
win*a
r
e
/I.
[email protected]
crero
tkuHtiuag,rpd\e. Bddhcsd, 2o-9.20u),
[email protected]&d
Flow.rilg Friodr S.Fchb* _ M.y,
4 |
Jo
&
9 | qKUH)
t80
r
Ecologicst mte Crc$
in rhe ptsins.
DESMOSTACFYA
stapf in tticstL
Dy(.
FI. cap. ?; 632. 1900i cop€.
4 morcryic $nui m.rdty disjbured
In lhe Otd wortd
Ihsnos,achya biptnnotL e.)
Srapf
1.
c. lo9.
tbpics
i. fti.stt rlye.
chaudhd & Churu., t. c. 88; CoF,
L c. I09.
I
12. t -9.
[email protected] b,pnMtat . Sysr. Nar.. ed. t0,2:875. tgje
Pclqiat wit[ rhizoosroB erbcL.
Cutns
t.2 E
lealrery. bnoresene spitc, ctustee!,
oblong, wi& mmy flow.b. ctbcs
t4 cn
Fl. Cap. 7;632. 1900;
IrI, $out.
L.rB n.! bEr
sh€atis
long, spitet.r, sqrsik+uh6.site,
liI4_
nchbreouq [email protected] uequat, singlc ,€ry.d;
lenma *el.d, out€{cuq ncfrbtuou,
glakoun erilcios, :r-erucd. [email protected]
2_kel.4
3honq rhd
Sp.cihq
ft
knn..
Caryoplis obliqu.ty ovoid.
nudi.dl NipB.palkar, ned curivared
fields, 24-9-26{ 5,
912((uH).
Wjdely ercws
i,
bdo-Chin , pi&j{&, Middtc
Ea9, od
EcoloSicrt rore; [email protected], in th. phiDs.
Ilokrins Friod: Fcbto2ry_&d.nb.r
Zanotul &
,4lan
Al!c!
DICAMEIUM
Wltchd
in
Uslcri, Ao1 Bor,
.Amu|r-or p.Eiriats.
|
8: t
Le.t.blad. pjeu,
I
_ I
ft
796; Cope, t. c.279.
ona @narq rigute ndbtuour,
r&4.3
::::-':."*$ile or p.dielale.trEEode v,rh or wrhour notusdos spircr.rs
rprreEB
tud p€dieb ti,@, $lid. Ssit. crilet.B
*n: rowf 8rLd.s brodry . Jid , @dva on ,rG
:::111."T:*j.i.
b&rq
mud.d on the flank. Low.r floRr
@1.d,
or suod,ci.u
:^,
r.duced !o hlline [email protected]
cnri*ordcnrlre,a'.d.p.dicer.r.r,*",..;,;;;;"': "t*i
A
lsc
of c
20,peis.
iernna ldpitirotu.
d,rrib"J;;.;;#: :;Tiil::::
:",,::,
r8l
Kf,Y TO THE SPICIES
Dichonthium
i
s nalstbn (FoNt.)
srapfin pBin, Fl. Trcp
Af.9:
178.
9l 7. Cope, L c. 280,
AkrttoFoqd tututotM ta6sk , FL AegyF.- ABb. 173_
P.6ni.li upto tOOco, high.
bt.des 3-30 x 0.2 _ O_7 d_
Lsf
shon peduicled,
@@;
[email protected] intenode
long;
Iow
p.lucled glr!rcB;
@nq
hflors.ne I digiure,
3_? .n tqg, spikcl.ts
pediets lotid. SessiL spikeLB: nariowly obloi8,
2-6 nm
cdtiheinous,
SlMe
stienrty @nqvq hairy, oM. - sub..lrej rM
8.25
aDd
Speine.sMied:N.earp4ke,BEd\ess,
(KUH)i Nagarpartsr, Budhcs'2
Pakjsrn,
eaie. EL Chaloot e, Abrd Elssai,
6 -y2&5, z4MtuA,n 6<XU:r1).
ttu, l6q, Klwar, Anbic, (eny4
Ecologiql lote:
Ttuia
to bdonesra
4110
ht&duc.{i h Sou{j
A @omoi
sp.{i6 otrh€ @_
FlowcriDg p€riod: Alhosl oud rhc yed
Dichanthiun hreotrtum (Del.J Roheny
in Bo6$d4 91 170. 1960; copc.
ropogo, [email protected] D.t.FlE!5p\ 16.
t.8a.$r2.
[email protected] wi$ tuied b&, bel
t{va silky. CulN upto 80
x 0-l- 0.1 .o, flar son€dmB rolle<t. Inflocacene
a$
An
[email protected]
@.h€ r4., cn
m hjd. L€.f,
bhde!
i-t5
ron&,";;;;#".TffiIrj,?
bd.. S€sile spik lers [email protected] ellipric, 2.5 _
4 nm lon$ lder gtue caditagimB,
upFr
Srtbeus;
l.nna €ndE or ninutety d.nrare,
me
spikelcL wirh or wnioul pit.
sD l2l8
mm ton8.
t
dicellcd
la2
spe.jhen studied: Nagarparke, Btdl'@s6r,
g.hq,
Chaloor &
Abat HBak
5t(KUH); N.Sarpakr, Budh.ss 26-9-2c{5, Zb n a tud e7 (KW
Potisl,n, Middlc .!sl, Son.tir,Kdya, Mati dd tndis b Snhr!.
41
Ecologicrl rote: A como, [email protected] of lhe plei4.
FlowerirS plriodr
Mah
S.pienbe.
DICIIARIA
E II€r,Hist,Sti.p,2:244, 1768;Cop€,1c.?16.
Amub or FEMiat' L4lf-bladq tind, n.r. Liglte ,hql' sqoos o.
n Dbruos,
slolros or .ilia&. Innorsqe @Dpo*d of @ms, digiLrr or bon on d
@nnl
!xn, laEly solilary: @his
I.t or liqucrrous;
spikclcts t.5 or noc; towq glh4 abaxil,R&his
Moom
loc.olar
spitcier
or eb.rulous; spikctcrs
to etlipric
or shoir.r
- oblong; uppa gtuh$ ncnbmou, cqu, @
ihd lenma, Ioer Clumo smll, Caryopss oolon8.
A g.nus of o. 200 sp€ci.sj conhonly gDws
in tropicdl
OId worid, On. sFcics gDqs in Nigarpek{,
ed [email protected] tenperr€ egion
jn
th.
Digiraria citiari, (REE) [email protected], D6c.. ctu.
2?. I s02; cor., 1.c.228
Amud wirh d*uhb.nr b4cd culn, enning
upio 100 d biSh_ lar,bltd6 bbaily
li.ee, 3-25 x 0,3 lcn. Infloescelc. digitai€
o! subdiejirtej conpo!.d of 2-12,
@oat niE 6 -22 om lor8. R&his rriqEbousi pcdicet
tqucmos, sqbrid. S!,iket.t
nfuwt .lliplc, upto t om; lowr
eluhe &ieeul& shofts d!4 upFr gturc, upper
half
the
duc
tcngrh of spik€lctr 3.neNed;
i€fim6 s oDg s rxe spit l.6, 7_
n€tu d.coryopsis .llipsoid, gEy
lo bDwn,
SFciften,
wuq
sudien
.
Nsgarp!*,. gdw
! n,,^4eler.{ tre
^
Pakilr.n, India, Sritdk!
cnf
1hatod & [email protected]
HB)ah
tira,d fietd. 26-a-20i5. Zuznud ersrliw.
od Myllh4
Ecologic{l noter Coohon
3pecj.s of lne plains.
Flowcri.g p€riod: July.ocloh.r
183
ERAGROSTIS
L.,Sp.pl. l:
[email protected] to
61. t?53;ccn_pI.5.36.t1,51,
Co.', t. c. 472,
Ftwisl eii lilg t*v6.
[email protected]@ a nuch dividcd pdricL or @ly
spik lilc, usulty
Stsdule. taf_blads linor tigulc 6uly n tuc€d to cililre rim,
@ly [email protected] Spik t.ts 2- bey [email protected] !maU,
g.ping
tuhill4
Clumes shon
A gftus ofc.220
r tho $e [email protected]
specics, dishibuted in
oi.n
vitl thc pblonged
l-n€n.dt lsDnq 3.,crycd; pslq uually
rnpeale drd.old
rcgions,
n.inly
ii
N.
Ersgrostis cilianensit (A\,)vig.-tulad.
in Malpighia ls: 386. !904; cop€,
l. c.93.
Poa.ttian5it A|,H p.d.n,2:24o
r.ot2. t78).
[email protected]
tun.4.nnul,
cutms
cEc!
t0_ 90 cn ialt, Le.ves 15 x 0.8 ch,
flat glabrou,
paicrer.,_lO
st&ds.
cm ton!, bmcnq,.
8t&dutar: spiketers 5-60
now€rEd. trnd l-?0 x 24
@ or
y conpBed, p3ltrd, y. o$i!h.8h,
Ctum.
diy frlto, mvicuid, l_5_2.2 hfr long, [email protected]
mr4iE,w'lh
w,
t&r
ehdin* * rgt&dutdk.t. LehM
dale, I_7,2.8 m, with gt&dul&
ket. Anrhcb j, ni,ur., Cs.yopsis
$bglobos, rety oblong, &*
rcddjsh bo*r! O.j-0.7 hh long.
sp..imen :tudied NiSarprla
sdJ phiB. t9-9-200J. [email protected] & [email protected]
bmadly
4)7
11(ur0
TEp'cdttud
sh
kmp€Ek Egrons oflhe Otd trorto.inkodurer'tod.
N.w trorld_
Ecotogi.at nore: comon sp.ci6
of u\e d6.n
Floweing period: March-Nov€obs
OCETHOCHLOA
Ed8eq. in j. Asisl Soc.
Bcng. I
l:2o I842. Cope, tr.81.
p.mriats sid siolonif.ous
undergroqd psft tud rotded
,hon hchbmoB q,!h cili.r.
trins., tnnoc*cne cohm
_,
tm4
sp,,c,e;;;il
teaf- ohd.s.
tigutca
,,,.. [email protected] @h*
u'e etuia UpFl giln€s .rd
l.ms 3-rd.4 [email protected], [email protected] €ltipric{tuc6rar.,
&uE or shon ah.!. clrroFis
dclccd pftin . hytiDc p.riu:a.
":,ff il];:.:ffil ;.;
lE4
A donoltic edus Brcm Indi4 pakiear, A6bia
[email protected]
conp.tsa
b N,Afriq_ sp€ci.s
atro
fohd
in our
(Fo8sk)Hilu in Kew Bulr.36: 000. 198t. coD€.
t.c.
31,
Panitu @nymFwLFt Acgr?l.A6b. 18. l7?5,
stolonifhut peEnnilts ei0 cutnn pb5ftlr€
ro sceditrg [email protected]
90 cn bigh-L.af- btad6 t-15 r 0.20.3 cm. Inllo|lg.e
up,o
spi*6. Spit l.ts 4-8 RowE4
3.5
-
,1.7
nh
upro 8 m,n lons; towcr
duDe 2.2
lo.gi tenfts 3.& j,4
Speirc. sfidied:Thlrpa*r, I
,40'd
nb tong.
Djtcs ton N.otoi
t6rzi,, 364(XuH);[email protected],
Irdia, pa*isr.. !o N,
Afrie.
Dcologicd [oa€: cres
Floeirg
wy to drpt o, gaitu, Chalou e
26i9-2005, Zaw,ud I35(KUH).
on
in lh.
pl.jns.
Friod: Meh- Scr,r.nbq
PANICUM
Jj. r 75l;c.n. pI. j.36.1754;CoF,t.c,
t6r.
AMul b FEmial gEq wft tin
s lo ovlte, bued or al l.rvcs ed r crtiare rih
,,Bur. mrcE$oe I m(h hrebcd
p&ict., spit lft BuI, ohc
ro.ltipdc, wilt I
bFdual [email protected], tons p.dieur,tq
8tuD6 uequt, lhe lokr sholra, 5-nay ed€d;
lower 0oEr mdc or n.rite.
B l.tuu srril& *
"PF surei upper lem' qualing !o
- !o ulDer.lm
L., Sp.I:
spilelet.
ca4oF6clipsoid.
A reSe g.nus wi6
wortdi
c.6OO
spqia in ,oAcat Md !e
. _'"
ru
_ipf.r.
Ego6 of borh $.
I(EY TO THE SPECIES
spikele'5. DG
!4$ !'i'lr htti"c
soft creco"oiaii jiiesq-o-;ii
Pahicttm .n!i.k role \etz,,
@
Obs,
Bot. 4: I7. 1786; Cope, L c,l?1.
**" *odvcurms ascendinglpb rB0 (m hich.
rf,or +rd6
::]"1",:'*:"
heu.
6'10 x 0.2.-t,4 <m. oaq
8kbbs, pornr.d. Inlto..
pymidar ro b.oadry obrons
or.;*, ;r;;il;:ffj,#]l:
T#
185
tong, gtrbrousr &utei
torcr Slunc h$!dl, ovsrc o.mbEro6 wirt hyrlir.
@rgin,
sr'orcr tba ttc rpiteter, 3_5 mdcd, a.uc;
upper dme with brod nysln. ndgins, ?-9
nnd, ely I l-e(.d; towd lchn, 7,9 nacd; pal6 .{!al b rhe
t mnq uppd
lemna pallid
{d eoot,
Sp€ihm srudi.d: Na€!rpa*!r, hilh, g,ird,
ahakor & Abld H,rsin
a0J2((ttH);Nagnpa*ar, [email protected]&
hnt!, 24_9-2OOr, [email protected],zr 924tXUt\: [email protected]
Atri.i, A6bi4 [email protected], Mgh&israr, pati$a
ed tndia.
E&togiqt !ora: Common sp*i.j of rh.
hithodptainj.
Flokriog p€nod: March_ Ocbbo
Panl.utn tu.gitlumFoRsk.,Ft. A.8ypl.Aab,t8.
t?7r;Chaldhri&Chuitlr,1.
t,lt.
Pornnial hqh, 0.4-l(2) n bn,
95; Copc,l, c.
167.t
tf,avd 0.5-15 cn
r
c.
17.
elucous, culms dc.nd,Dg dichoiomousty brechcd.
O.t-0.6 cD, Blabes,
"",,,aouruvJ r-r, m, rety
Spechs srudie!. Budhrs..
|
[email protected], !.t, @nvoluc, njfy
ed
peicle Buall,
nuch [email protected] disrrDcri spicutr,te
lo lh.
j0
uplo
cm tong.spit.ta orordi gtum6
6 tong a Lh.
4. 3-2003, Zaw.ud
2t
,l/au8llKutn: Naga.p&.t&
[email protected]
no",*r",. *.*.
I
.^UH,t 2t -3-2005,ZaM/d
A
cullivated fi.td! r4-en005.
)4
[email protected] & Atan
'|Erdr.
[email protected]
'roet)
"_"rri
ot tuiaqdAfne
growing sFci.s
Doh: rBiu.ndy [email protected] ih
dG plsiN &d |hr hith.
_Ecologhrt
rro*emg p€riod: Febto
[email protected]
PtrNNISDTUM
Aorul
Rich. in p.a., Syn. pl.
I : 72. l8o5j Cop.,
L c. 232.
peemjat grss.s wilh
rinc ." h,i^. Innocsc.nce
a cy,
1o
rtuqh!. b obronc
cyrrndncal or
r.hmaor
$bknded
tind
|o ldceotale, IIat dr
"..." ;;;
,il:ll'-'oruk
by.,.J;,;';;;:*l:,::T:::lH::
tuerts, tos.rgtlne sboner
Ur&
."'"'"""
spik ler lor
vanous rencrh,.
rq'!es tud risur. o
caryor,,,";;;;.
''-''
to*t
mare or
r'rire. iE
r86
Gcnus @.sis$
ofc.t30 sF.is, dhr.ibutet i, thc rrotjG ed subLopiG of rh.
Wortd,
[email protected] by dE folowing sF.ica il ou
'@
Pennitetum dirLran (Cnet) H... in BIme J: 162.
i938; Chau0n &
chuhr, t. c. 9t; Cope l. c,239,
Pa,'cD
driru
Cmel.,Srsr. Nal2:l16. I791.
lhizomros,[email protected]! lpto r n ral wilh woo6y bmch6,Leebhdes
lomede* shorb lhd shqth, pdicles 5-12 cD lon&
obtong Echis
Pereonid, cuns
15
an long,
shallow
eglle
ribs below
uplo
wirtr
t..uputtr 16, sbrutous, Srksl€ls!.amely lan6tai.,
6,5-8.5 mn IonC. aow.r gluhes
shoner
upp€r glumcs equating the srik
ters,
$e
&uE_4cch,mt wnh l-3 netues,
lcutc-&cuhin.te, Lmhss tlncslare-ac.uminal..
SFcincn nudi.d: Naenp.lk!, 20 -9-2004,
Zanotud 4E](KUH).
Nagrpsrltu ,@ cutrival.d field s 2+9-1.x]s,
zfutud & [email protected] 914(KW
as'. 0d Nont Af.iq.
spiketcts,
Dore; Curtiva&d d&ughor 6.
&tr,.rso
Flow€ring pcriodr Ocbbq-Novft
bd.
_'Ecol%lcal
Bruws
4 & c*aF.
SACCqARUM
L.. sp. pt.
_ ..p€redEt
ral
r.54 t 751. C.r pL r:t8. l7r4:
CoF,l. c.259,
c i6 $lid <dtu tav6
[email protected] to t&@t&.Lrsut.
pnhary ltui.te; spiketers
a
.like h paii!,
osiud *ith Kktty .srl6s,
ss3it., lh€ obap.dic.thre; uppcr
floE1
lmceotat , hyalihc tons, palq
[email protected]
one
@Ij
Th. $rus comprirs J540
lpq js. disrribuLed m 6e ropi.s
ot borh
.sccnorM b.nedkd,.
qioc or. tin. ot
dr
toEl
$ orld,
Fcu..Obs. Bor 5: Io. t789,Cop.,
Lc.2o4.
* o.chshcr.d,
"1.**
:::::i1i
ion&?educl.d, gt.lDosr supronirs
bnnchd
o.r.rcn. thucous. pmicre20.75
ch
loiger rh& l.re ,nio$ce.ce. Brecb6
eo x
ladj€diei hj^orc,
uplo 7
on
tong; spitct.tl 3,8-5,J
*, ,*"r
::::,:"
:".*.
!€!,ell.d spik.k!5 h,ir' Loq
tugin
citidE,
m
tong, +
hcn morphous; Iowcr
d s4irc spik.j.is. upF, srh.
srlboB. gruhes or
[email protected] oblq8€ ipric upFr r.mma
[email protected],
eut. orrhont',qcd.
137
Sr6inen nudiedl N.!arpek&, nc& cuttiv.&d fidl4r,
24-9-2005,
Zanaftd &
^!an
888(KUD.
Ecologicsl nole: ciows
in
ndshy pl&es fomig alnost ! [email protected] colony.
Fbwing Fdod: Feboa.y-sepr.!$er
Amul
B
to
Flmi.l
SETAR]A
P, B€r!n.EsdAgosl. jl. l8t2;Cope,l.c, l7?.
gB*r wirl tbt or fold€d or emdinB [email protected] tav.s, tigul. usu,lty
ciliate rin. Iiflordwnce ope. or spicifom peioLsj spik!1.1s aMless, subieoded by
mey bri$16, ovElr
[email protected] a clspinS b$e,
floEl mlc or sleril.. CaryoFii obtong
The gehB cotuisling
ro
upp.r.qu,l
ro or shon
, th& spikeLq
l-
lokr
.[ipsoid.
of..l50 sprci€!, disriibutcd
in rhe
[email protected] dd sub!rcpical egiom.
KEY TO TEE SPBCIES
roictc spkifon, towr gtumc--rim;:[6 iG6-!ilerer.....spzz;ri
roictc tino ro*cr glm rct r-tims ii6iiiddiilEjiilj wz;e,
Se,a
a
pamlla (pon.)\ffi& Schu[
Sysr.
l8l.
V.8. 2: 891. t8 t7i Cop., l. c.
Pqitu [email protected]
Poi',E\.yct. Mcrh. Bor, Suppt. 4. 2?3. | 816.
An.!al, [email protected] tuftcd, culms, ercct lplo l0O cm o. noft r!ll. Lqva 3rO x 0.2-l
,6 em,
boadly li.cd, 8labrcs or [email protected] pilos., shqth glstbus ro plD6ccnr peiclc
[email protected],
la, 2 15 cn lorg, elo.8aF4 brict6, j-8 nn long spit t.rs cltiFoid, L5-3.5 nn
tong
glune
lower
3{ines shon.r the spik.teq upper glme oqul to spikcl.rs;
laha minln,
Spftinen sodien: Na&rp6*{ s&dy d.s.n, 19,9_2003, Zamud &
Stuo
3t2
(KUH),
c.rcElly gds
in
t$piol lrd wrd r.mF6L E8ios.
Ecologicsl note Fou.d in
the
ssdy plains.
lilorering pqiod: F.bru!ry-Sdc0b.i
Sad.la wrticllttta
(L_) p,
[email protected]'
Pani.M |ertici atun L. sp_pt.,
en.
E$_
2,
t,
AeGt, 5 l. ! 78,l8
t
2;
CoF,l.c,
179.
82. 1762,
188
Loosly luned,
rDul
with upio tOO.h tong culn. Lclt-bladcs bmdly lin€d, 5.30 x 0,+
l-6 cn, [email protected], gtabDus ro hairy_ pbicle spicifom, [email protected] _ urjdty tob.d,
2t,
lone. Spikelers ellipsoid, 1.5
upFr glumes .qual
10
-
cn
2.5 hm lon$ lower
bM
rlE spikclersj
Stncs sdEller rhm ite spikelelsr
nods sreriL; p6t6 njnure; upFr lchfta
spei* of bopidl sd w.m t mFdl. Egim.
Specimen studi.d:N!g{p€i{o, B udtBt, 197 t, gajel,
[email protected] & .|[email protected]
(KUH); Nasi+trk r, Ksbo, 26,9 -29J5,
zaamrd & Atah g3l (<UH).
no*qirg period: Rouod dE y.s
A connon
[email protected]
4098
Ecologic.l nor.: conmon srcwing srrcies orrhe ptsins.
TETRAPOGON
D6f f. Ader, 2: 38E. r 256, ?y :Cop., t.c. 127
Amd b peremiat, tuned, gtus_Lcdyes ti.*, fllt or folded wnh
h.mbnnols
liSule. I.flotl3qe icmaral, soliriiy
or in pan of [email protected], citiaG or viloq
I
spi&a.
spikeleh 4-9(.12) floweed, glunes pe6kr..t,
@iacqs;
Fle
sihjkr, r_n*.d; lenhd keel.4
cili{. on rh€ kebi uppd florer, ntriL, cFrhr.d b, .m.d
or
awnbsr lenna, caryopsis ovac or
s,
A soall genB @nprising ofc. 5 sFci6,
dicdbui.d in
tne
rophs and subtbpics ofrh.
Te,ropogon ten Aus ([email protected] er Roxb.)
Choiv,h Amud,R.lsr. bot.Rom4
8:352.1908; Cop.,l.c. I2Z
Chloris tenela Kaq.
[email protected]$ly
tun€d, lpro 60
thc bas. of
lic
rwn€d; glues
.x Rotb,,FL Ind. I :330, I 820.
cn 1. , herb. Lav6 j_20x0.2-0,5 cn, |[@,
culn.spikes 1"7
ovaret&@t.t
m
loDgi spikeleb 4-8 flow.red. bwer
florcr fcnit€,
urFr
tongd
,
o imci
war tend shorlty cilialc or
t
t
Sp€io.r sludi.d: About tJ niks Aon Nararpdte
Aqxq, ehahor
&,
tbnt Husak
Indi4 tuIisr.n, t'opjqt
Afiiq
o8en flateflar. at
3942 (KUH)
.o Zinbabwe
dd
on
wy
to
tsthtot,
24-lO-?0,
BudlEe [email protected] Nae&p!*tr, I9-l_200j,
Angota.
FlowerinS redodr March-Octob.r
189
Ecological nole: A oEnon srsis oflh.
plains,
ely
srows on $e hilb.
TRAGUS
Hallei, Hist. Srirp. Helv.2:203.1?68; Cop€!I.c.149.
Annuals or p.Enniais wirh
[a! lqf-blads, cilisr.. Ligul. a lin of hai6. tnflotE..€e
stin dene, cyliDdrical, spik€,tilc. spik hrs in subssile, @ely o, loos p.du,cled,
daiduos clusl.6; spitcl.b 2-5 in ceh clst r; spiteLB [email protected]{var, !Mts, alt
llikc; glm6 dissinil&, lower a hinute hy.line $ale, upp.r d tong s rh. spjk l.l3i
bmha equal to tE leogh ofgluDcs, ov.ie, j.r.ned. C.ryop6is eltiFoid,obtmg.
A Scns
or. 7:Fci6. disibnr.d
jn Fopi6.
On
is
Troglt toxburghii peiistlli,i i\(.w Bu
AnDul
wilh
pmstst\r
Ir0oresence upro 4
Spik.leG 2-4
nh
lo.g!
b.s, culhs
6
.
fourd in ou
29: 495. 1974i
CoF,
upro 20 tong, Leaf-btades
long, cylindrjoot of Z [email protected]
upF gtun6
@.
dd
l.c_
r
j0.
jJO x l-4 m,
subopposir. spjket.is.
5-neF.<t.
PdkisLrn, Itutia ,
Srildka, Malaysi! lrd Est Atrjoa
Speinen studicd: Nag.tpa*r, BudhM,
Oaira [email protected]
&, [email protected]
(KuH)iNagaadkr,z6-9-2005, zaharild
9l!(KUrr).
Ilowering poriod: Roud ih. yw.
Ecologicrl mte:
cbB
[email protected],
4122
in dE phjns.
2.4.?. TYPHACEA.E
Moneciou, .{uric or n4hy,
FEmi.l hcrbs with suDncrg.d scaly cEelio8
rt'Eohes, Leavcs basd or a ove the
slen. Ftow4 i. r.mDd cyUdricd spikq niL
a.ovc Dd f.matc below;,Ete florcR wirh
l-l [email protected], sumqdcd by l_oot hai6,
$rc
epresenling lhe
pcidlh. Fcnllc flowc! wilb l.ca4Fl; ovey
A frnily of on. gcnus ed c,lO
sp€cica,
superiof,
l-ell.d,
distiburcd in both th. worlds,
TYPIIA
L_, Sp.
Fl.
Chete6
pt.2:9r. t?i3; Cd.
P.k. l?7:
of
li.
l
p1.5.924.17i4; ODc,
&
Hshni
in E.Nsir & Ali,
1987.
[email protected] RcF*nr.d by I [email protected] i, ou Egion.
I90
IW, thtgcr*
Xd., S!,!. n,
2: 532.
lgt;
Oo.[
I l||tu
Lc5_f.2
A-E
o ne&y, !(d, hah l.r3 n d! covqld rfi s|&. txv.! 5G 50 I l.r2j
.or ..riicrLdaa dov. t d|d. Inftas.c .6irl tpiL rit! od. n g6
Aqu.do
r!oE.d&o.LioEri.torrd.t ion|riti 3 ea bb forr.r b!.r.&_
dh|b. Oryqrio., t{.[.4rAtUlrdtr,@oi!d.dhy!&rnF*d.S
c.lyl Fnn. tolif., d.5i&{'c. torgfrdbrtv. S..d, acil
spcilEn strdi.d: Xltejh|t !ils, Mr !c5.ord t.t , l9-c200d zddnd 5s(ruD.
E oloai..l.ob: Can-l
norrngFb4
rtD^{d
hody!b..
rA,
F€dr.d|r.
l9l
Dilcusslon
A total 217 spc.i6 bclmeiig 50 fdities ed tsr Scna haE b.tn @ll4red dd
idendfi.d, 60 morc ap.oics ( T6bte .6)
e.
rcporred frcm Nagarldk.r
of ch.ldhri & Ch!fiar (1966).
io lhis nudb{ of [email protected] nu€s hat. be4. adopt.d
s
conp.Fd ro
F€vious Epon
h
addition
by
th. lutnor for rh. firsr
Tabl.-6: List oftie spaic.r noi re.ord.d by Ch.dhri & Cbu.or 0966}
fmn Thr.p.rkir inctudirS Nagarprrkar.
L
J6ticio wNii Rottr
2.
3,
L
5.
Aharatthw [email protected] L.
6.
7.
8.
9.
1lwanth6 spinow L.
P.rA'[email protected] daenia (FoRtk.)C
Tetosru @tdata
iN.
(Bun.f.)Menitl
Aphodelu t tuafotiqc^r,
r0.
pro.ffib.N L.
lLlionopiw [email protected] L.
Detoki, elat4L.) Gebte
Setu [email protected]\.
ll,
Spinaea oletaed L.
Col.lenia
12. CoMbalu
'osi'atsFoBL
\1, Ipowa cani.a
(L,) Sw*r
14. lpohea eriocdpt B-Bt.
ts.
[email protected]
,ii(L.) l.oth
16. lpowa tkolt C*.
17. Sed.len lati.loliaHoch.! &
Srern.
ra. Coeiria grddit (L.) VoiE
t9. c6dla Etemr.o\b.
20
2t.
22.
A.alypha
idica L.
EuPhtbia twticaloti4L.
Euphorbia
gqttdd
Fo^*,,
t92
21. Pbllahthw nadercpaleub L.
24. Cqbicti"ia.b.Mb.6 (F6sr:) Ektl
25.
r"di.!r sbck q T-A!d.R.
26. ',t'@
[email protected] etuioid.s lF.Et)v.tdc.
21. Ttiatheha thretrar\ofrtdr!\ i|,d.
28. zztawp. e,ea &.) r.Esy
29. [email protected] iir',& filusrr) Pleslcy
30.
ewt. vs Q".)[email protected]
^b.ttus.h$
31, thailoh ltatosD cui,lt, &pq,
32. Mahuttuk.oton ndetilw (L.) A'{i}
Jl,
[email protected] itu]i.a
34. Codnicarpa borwi( m.)Rttudqi
15. C,'raror" r!,'rlora (Schftil) [email protected] i
16. [email protected] hntu \wittd.) Ati,
37. Me.li.ago satiw L-
lE.
Rhrwh8ia
4t.
Tephwia urillotu
42.
t
N9ent.tla Stek
39, Rltwhaia ehinpcti Hvn*..x Boi$,
40. s.s6a.i4 Mbtu (L.)tn&in
att4r & Ati
[email protected] nitobnta
l'-.)v.td.
43. l,isidz.wMtttt Nq ds'.!d.
44. C.rcr6 cilia tL.
45. Cenchtu qiewtt (Konth:)Miift
46. C.rcba etig.ts V.ttl
47. [email protected] @bnuas (St \! St pt
48, Etuswtis ci,tuBts (/\\.) Lurd F . Hubb..d
49, SechM bengalee R.nz
50. l,rdfidp!',ld(Ion.)Roen.&Schutr.
5t. T.tdpco" teE(s ([email protected] s Rorb)
53.
thaid dticlrnh
(L.O FN.
Choiv.
\ -itiw
193
54, Lt dpe'icon scdean Miu6
55. tYithnia @asrltu (stoab)Don l
56. [email protected]'ia hki.ifen Q)DMal
51, Tawtit i"di..Wnu.
58. [email protected] Qlis
59. TMtpofua,at Qnel
@, Coclbtu nib.lldis L-
6l-
[email protected]|o
pda'&t
A-B;cn.
T.bl..7: Llrt of the sp.cier with rh.tr corr.ct mme, .doptcd In
Pr$. work
l,
the
&nna aleatledna Mill,
C^tlogw
'ta:
2.'.,0l,',irMll],
stn: C*ia ialica
l. @td. lhaid, tr6.
tt":
[email protected]
ehtuJF*tt
4. olb.rrrd Mo&
sfn:Anbdboa
t
(Roxb)
w.g.Iit
rMd
EAdtugA [email protected]
sta : Sida pa ti s ta [email protected] Ab s dih
6,
Iatu.a [email protected]\orb.) Rm'r.
sta: Petatths
p.o.6beN
&tujgoprt
\db.
l9l
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