Manual R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Manual
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Manual
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Reference
Copyright© Version 9.0, 2010 Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
1
Manual
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Legal Notice
Aim and purpose
This document is part of the user manual for the installation and configuration of funkwerk devices. For
the latest information and notes on the current software release, please also read our release notes,
particularly if you are updating your software to a higher release version. You will find the latest release
notes under www.funkwerk-ec.com .
Liability
This manual has been put together with the greatest possible care. However, the information contained in this manual is not a guarantee of the properties of your product. Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH is only liable within the terms of its conditions of sale and supply and accepts no liability for technical inaccuracies and/or omissions.
The information in this manual can be changed without notice. You will find additional information and
also release notes for funkwerk devices under www.funkwerk-ec.com .
Funkwerk devices make WAN connections as a possible function of the system configuration. You
must monitor the product in order to avoid unwanted charges. Funkwerk Enterprise Communications
GmbH accepts no responsibility for data loss, unwanted connection costs and damage caused by unintended operation of the product.
Trademarks
funkwerk trademarks and the funkwerk logo, bintec trademarks and the bintec logo, artem trademarks
and the artem logo, elmeg trademarks and the elmeg logo are registered trademarks of Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH.
Company and product names mentioned are usually trademarks of the companies or manufacturers
concerned.
Copyright
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced or further processed in any way without
the written consent of Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH. The documentation may not be
processed and, in particular, translated without the consent of Funkwerk Enterprise Communications
GmbH.
You will find information on guidelines and standards in the declarations of conformity under
www.funkwerk-ec.com .
How to reach Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH, Südwestpark 94, D-90449 Nuremberg, Germany,
Phone: +49 911 9673 0, Fax: +49 911 688 07 25
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications France S.A.S., 6/8 Avenue de la Grande Lande, F-33174
Gradignan, France, Phone: +33 5 57 35 63 00, Fax: +33 5 56 89 14 05
Internet: www.funkwerk-ec.com
2
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Table of Contents
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Table of Contents
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Chapter 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chapter 2
About this guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Chapter 3
Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
3.1
Setting up and connecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
3.3
Support information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
Chapter 4
Basic configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
4.1
Presettings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
4.1.1
Preconfigured data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
4.1.2
Software update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
4.2
System requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
4.3
Preparations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
4.3.1
Gathering data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
4.3.2
Configuring a PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
4.4
Modify system password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17
4.5
Setting up an internet connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
4.5.1
Internet connection over internal ADSL modem . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
4.5.2
Internet connection over UMTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
4.5.3
Other internet connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
4.5.4
Testing the configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
4.6
Setting up wireless LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
4.7
Software Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
6
i
Table of Contents
ii
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 5
Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Chapter 6
Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6.1
Scope of supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
6.2
General Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
6.3
LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34
6.4
Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
49
6.5
Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
6.5.1
Ethernet interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
55
6.5.2
ISDN S0 port
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
56
6.5.3
ISDN-PRI interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
57
6.5.4
CardBus interface (PCMCIA)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
58
6.5.5
ADSL interface
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
6.5.6
SHDSL interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
61
6.5.7
X.21 interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
63
6.6
WEEE information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
65
Chapter 7
Variable switching of S0 interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
7.1
Switching the S0 interfaces from external to internal
Chapter 8
Access and configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
8.1
Access Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
8.1.1
Access via LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
8.1.2
Access via the Serial Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
73
8.1.3
Access over ISDN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
8.2
Logging in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
75
8.2.1
User names and passwords in ex works state . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
. . . . . . . . .
66
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Table of Contents
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8.2.2
Logging in for Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
76
8.3
Configuration options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
77
8.3.1
Funkwerk Configuration Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
78
8.3.2
SNMP shell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
8.4
BOOTmonitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
95
Chapter 9
Assistants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Chapter 10
System Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
10.1
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.2
Global Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
10.2.1
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
10.2.2
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
10.2.3
Date and Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
10.2.4
System Licences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
10.3
Interface Mode / Bridge Groups
10.3.1
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
10.4
Administrative Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
10.4.1
Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
10.4.2
SSH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
10.4.3
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
10.5
Remote Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
10.5.1
RADIUS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
10.5.2
TACACS+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
10.5.3
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
10.6
Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
10.6.1
Certificate List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
10.6.2
CRLs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
10.6.3
Certificate Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
98
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
iii
Table of Contents
iv
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 11
Physical Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
146
11.1
AUX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
11.1.1
AUX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
11.2
Ethernet Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
11.2.1
Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
11.3
ISDN Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
11.3.1
ISDN Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
11.3.2
MSN Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
11.4
ADSL Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
11.4.1
ADSL Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
11.5
SHDSL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
11.5.1
SHDSL Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
11.6
Serial Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
11.6.1
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
11.7
UMTS/HSDPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
11.7.1
UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
Chapter 12
LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
176
12.1
IP Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
12.1.1
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
12.2
VLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
12.2.1
VLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
12.2.2
Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
12.2.3
Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Chapter 13
Wireless LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13.1
WLAN
185
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Table of Contents
13.1.1
Radio Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
13.1.2
Virtual Service Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199
13.1.3
WDS Links. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206
13.1.4
Client Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
13.2
Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
13.2.1
Basic Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Chapter 14
Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14.1
Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
14.1.1
IP Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
14.1.2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221
14.2
NAT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
14.2.1
NAT Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
14.2.2
NAT Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
14.3
RIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
14.3.1
RIP Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229
14.3.2
RIP Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
14.3.3
RIP Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
14.4
Load Balancing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
14.4.1
Load Balancing Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
14.5
Multicast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
14.5.1
Forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
14.5.2
IGMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
14.5.3
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
14.6
QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
14.6.1
QoS Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
14.6.2
QoS Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
14.6.3
QoS Interfaces/Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Chapter 15
WAN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
215
260
v
Table of Contents
vi
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15.1
Internet + Dialup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260
15.1.1
PPPoE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262
15.1.2
PPTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
15.1.3
PPPoA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
15.1.4
ISDN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
15.1.5
GPRS/UMTS
15.1.6
AUX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
15.1.7
IP Pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295
15.2
ATM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296
15.2.1
Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
15.2.2
Service Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302
15.2.3
OAM Controlling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304
15.3
Leased Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
15.3.1
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
15.4
Real Time Jitter Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
15.4.1
Controlled Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
Chapter 16
VPN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16.1
IPSec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
16.1.1
IPSec Peers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
16.1.2
Phase-1 Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
16.1.3
Phase-2 Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338
16.1.4
XAUTH Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342
16.1.5
IP Pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
16.1.6
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 346
16.2
L2TP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
16.2.1
Tunnel Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
16.2.2
Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353
16.2.3
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
16.3
PPTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
320
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Table of Contents
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16.3.1
PPTP Tunnel
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360
16.3.2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
16.4
GRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
16.4.1
GRE Tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
Chapter 17
Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17.1
Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372
17.1.1
Filter Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
17.1.2
QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
17.1.3
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
17.2
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
17.2.1
Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
17.3
Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381
17.3.1
Address List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 381
17.3.2
Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 382
17.4
Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
17.4.1
Service List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
17.4.2
Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385
Chapter 18
VoIP
18.1
Application Level Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387
18.1.1
SIP Proxies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387
18.1.2
SIP Endpoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
18.2
Media Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391
18.2.1
Extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392
18.2.2
SIP Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397
18.2.3
Call Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404
18.2.4
CLID Translation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408
18.2.5
Call Translation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410
18.2.6
ISDN Trunks
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
371
387
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412
vii
Table of Contents
viii
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
18.2.7
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413
Chapter 19
Local Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19.1
DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417
19.1.1
Global Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419
19.1.2
Static Hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422
19.1.3
Domain Forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423
19.1.4
Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
19.1.5
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
19.2
HTTPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
19.2.1
HTTPS server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
19.3
DynDNS Client . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430
19.3.1
DynDNS Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430
19.3.2
DynDNS Provider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432
19.4
DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
19.4.1
DHCP Pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
19.4.2
IP/MAC Binding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437
19.4.3
DHCP Relay Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439
19.5
Web Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
19.5.1
Global Settings
19.5.2
Filter List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442
19.5.3
Black / White List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 444
19.5.4
History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446
19.6
CAPI Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446
19.6.1
User . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447
19.6.2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448
19.7
Scheduling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 449
19.7.1
Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 449
19.7.2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
19.8
Surveillance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
417
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Table of Contents
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19.8.1
Hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
19.8.2
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456
19.8.3
Ping Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458
19.9
ISDN Theft Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
19.9.1
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
19.10
Funkwerk Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
19.10.1
Device Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
19.10.2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466
19.11
UPnP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
19.11.1
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
19.11.2
Global Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468
19.12
Hotspot Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 470
19.12.1
Hotspot Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471
19.13
BRRP
19.13.1
Virtual Routers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478
19.13.2
VR Synchronisation
19.13.3
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 485
Chapter 20
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20.1
Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487
20.1.1
Ping Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487
20.1.2
DNS Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488
20.1.3
Traceroute Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488
20.2
Software & Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489
20.2.1
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 489
20.3
Reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494
20.3.1
System Reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494
Chapter 21
External Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 476
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483
487
495
ix
Table of Contents
x
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
21.1
Syslog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495
21.1.1
Syslog Servers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495
21.2
IP Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498
21.2.1
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498
21.2.2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
21.3
E-mail Alert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
21.3.1
E-mail Alert Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
21.3.2
E-mail Alert Recipient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 502
21.4
SNMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503
21.4.1
SNMP Trap Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 504
21.4.2
SNMP Trap Hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 505
21.5
Activity Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506
21.5.1
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507
Chapter 22
Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22.1
Internal Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509
22.1.1
System Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509
22.2
IPSec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510
22.2.1
IPSec Tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510
22.2.2
IPSec Statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512
22.3
ISDN/Modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514
22.3.1
Current Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514
22.3.2
Call History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516
22.4
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
22.4.1
Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
22.5
WLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518
22.5.1
WLAN1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518
22.5.2
VSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520
22.5.3
WDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523
509
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Table of Contents
22.5.4
Client Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525
22.6
Bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527
22.6.1
br<x> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527
22.6.2
sta<x> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528
22.7
Hotspot Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528
22.7.1
Hotspot Gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529
22.8
QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529
22.8.1
QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530
Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
531
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
572
xi
Table of Contents
xii
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
1 Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction
The powerful devices bintec R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx have been specially developed for highspeed Internet access and for VPN connections in SMEs and branch offices.
Safety notices
The safety precautions, which are supplied with your device, tell you what you need to take
into consideration when using your bintec gateway.
Installation
How to connect your device is shown in Setting up and connecting on page 6. This
chapter also tells you what preliminary tasks are necessary for configuration.
Configuration
How to get your device running is explained in Basic configuration on page 12. There we
show you how to start up your device from a Windows PC and how to install other useful
online assistants. At the end of the chapter, you will be in a position to surf the Internet,
send or receive e-mails and set up a connection to a partner network to access data at
your company head office, for example.
Password
If you are already familiar with configuring bintec devices and want to get started right
away, all you really need to know is the factory default user name and password.
User Name: Password: Note
Remember to change the password immediately when you log in to the device for the
first time. All bintec devices are supplied with the same password, which means they
are not protected against unauthorised access until you change the password. How to
change the passwords is described in chapter Modify system password on page 17.
Workshops
Step-by-step instructions for the most important configuration tasks can be found in the
separate FEC Application Workshop guide for each application, which can be downloaded from the www.funkwerk-ec.com website under Solutions.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
1
1 Introduction
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Dime Manager
The devices are also designed for use with Dime Manager. The Dime Manager management tool can locate your Funkwerk devices within the network quickly and easily. The
.NET-based application, which is designed for up to 50 devices, offers easy to use functions and a comprehensive overview of devices, their parameters and files.
All devices in the local network, including remote devices that can be reached over SNMP,
are located using SNMP Multicast irrespective of their current IP address. A new IP address and password and other parameters can also be assigned. A configuration can then
be initiated over HTTP or TELNET. If using HTTP, the Dime Manager automatically logs into the devices on your behalf.
System software files and configuration files can be managed individually as required or in
logical groups for devices of the same type.
You can find the Dime Manager on the enclosed product DVD.
2
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
2 About this guide
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 2 About this guide
This document is valid for bintec devices with system software as of software version
7.9.5.
The Reference, which you have in front of you, contains the following chapters:
User's Guide - Reference
Chapter
Description
Introduction
You see an overview of the the device:
About this guide
We explain the various components of this manual and how to
use it.
Installation
This contains instructions for how to set up and connect your
device.
Basic configuration
This chapter provides a step-by-step guide to the basic functions on your device.
Reset
This chapter explains how to reset your device to the ex works
state.
Technical data
This section contains a description of all the device's technical
properties.
Variable switching of S0
interfaces
This section describes how to switch the S0 interfaces from external to internal.
Access and configuration
This includes explanations about the different access and configuration methods.
Assistants
These chapters describe all configuration options of the Funkwerk Configuration Interface. The individual menus are described in the order of navigation.
System management
Physical Interfaces
LAN
The individual chapters also contain more detailed explanations
on the subsystem in question.
Wireless LAN
Routing
WAN
VPN
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
3
2 About this guide
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter
Description
Firewall
VoIP
Local Services
Maintenance
External reporting
Monitoring
Glossary
Index
The glossary contains a reference to the most important technical terms used in network technology.
The index lists all the key terms for operating the device and all
the configuration options and gives page numbers so they can
be found easily.
To help you locate information easily, this user's guide uses the following visual aids:
List of visual aids
Icon
Use
Indicates practical information.
Indicates general and important points.
Indicates a warning of risk level Attention (points out possible
dangers that may cause damage to property if not observed).
Indicates a warning of risk level Warning (points out possible
dangers that may cause physical injury or even death if not observed).
The following typographical elements are used to help you find and interpret the information in this user's guide:
Typographical elements
Typographical element Use
4
•
Indicates lists.
Menu->Submenu
Indicates menus and sub-menus in the Funkwerk Configura-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
2 About this guide
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Typographical element Use
File->Open
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
tion Interface and Windows interface.
Non-proportional
(Courier), e.g. Indicates commands that you must enter as written.
bold, e.g. Windows
Start menu
Indicates keys, key combinations and Windows terms.
bold, e.g. Licence Key
Indicates fields in the Funkwerk Configuration Interface .
italic, e.g. Indicates values that you enter or that can be configured.
Online: blue and italic,
e.g.
www.funkwerk-ec.com
Indicates hyperlinks.
5
3 Installation
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 3 Installation
Caution
Please read the safety notices carefully before installing and starting up your device.
These are supplied with the device.
3.1 Setting up and connecting
Note
All you need for this are the cables and antennas supplied with the equipment.
Caution
Incorrect cabling of the ISDN and ETH interfaces may also damage your device. Connect only the ETH interface of the device to the LAN interface of the computer/hub or
an ISDN interface of the device, if any, only to the ISDN connection.
Note
If you connect an unconfigured device to an ISDN connection in parallel to a PBX, the
PBX cannot take any calls until an ISDN number is configured on the device. If no
entry is specified, every incoming ISDN call is accepted by the ISDN Login service.
6
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
3 Installation
Fig. 2: Connection options using the example of R3000w
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
7
3 Installation
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 3: Connection options using the example of R43000
8
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
3 Installation
Fig. 4: Connection options using the example of R41000
When setting up and connecting, carry out the steps in the following sequence (refer to the
connection diagrams for the individual devices in chapter Technical data on page 24):
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
(1)
Antennas (only R1200w, R1200wu and R3000w): Screw the external standard antennas provided to their RSMA connections Main and AUX and align the antennas.
(2)
Place your device on a solid, level base.
(3)
LAN
For the standard configuration of your device via Ethernet, connect the first switch
port (ETH1) of your device to your LAN using the Ethernet cable supplied. The
device automatically detects whether it is connected to a switch or directly to a PC.
(4)
ADSL (only R3000 and R3000w)
Connect the ADSL interface (ADSL) of your device to the DSL output of the splitter
using the DSL cable supplied.
(5)
SHDSL (only R3400 and R3800)
9
3 Installation
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Connect the SHDSL interface (SHDSL) of your device to the SHDSL connection using the DSL cable supplied.
(6)
Mains connection
Connect the device to a mains socket using the mains adaptor supplied.
Optional connections
• ISDN
Connect the ISDN interface (ISDN or ISDN-x) of the device to your ISDN socket using
the ISDN cable provided.
• Other LANs/WANs
Connect any other terminals in your network to the remaining switch ports ETH2, ETH3
or ETH4) of your device using other Ethernet cables.
• Serial connection
For alternative configuration options, connect the serial interface of your PC with the serial interface of the device. The serial interface can also be assigned to Ethernet socket 1
(ETH1). Use the serial cable provided, and if necessary connect your network to another
Ethernet socket. However, configuration via the serial interface is not provided by default.
• xDSL modem or DMZ
Connect the WAN interface ( ETH5/DMZ) of your device to an xDSL modem (not supplied) via another Ethernet cable or with the Ethernet connection on your DMZ.
• PRI (only R4100)
Connect the ISDN PRI interface (PRI-0 or PRI-1) of the device to your PRI connection.
• X.21 (only R4300)
Connect an X.21 interface on your device to your X.21/V.35 or X.21/V.36 connection using a suitable cable (which you can order as an accessory for your router). Make sure
that you use an enabled X.21 interface. The left X.21 interface on the back of the device
is enabled by default ex works. The right X.21 interface can also be enabled if licensed.
• UMTS (only R1200wu)
Insert the UMTS card into the CardBus / UMTS slot.
The device is now prepared for configuration using the Funkwerk Configuration
Interface.
10
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
3 Installation
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
3.2 Cleaning
You can clean your device easily. Use a damp cloth or antistatic cloth. Do not use solvents.
Never use a dry cloth; the electrostatic charge could cause electronic faults. Make sure that
no moisture can enter the device and cause damage.
3.3 Support information
If you have questions about your product or are looking for additional information, the Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH Support Centre can be reached Monday to Friday
between the hours of 8.00 am and 5 pm. They can be contacted as follows:
Email
[email protected]
International Support Coordination
Telephone: +49 911 9673 1550
End-customer Hotline
0900 1 38 65 93 (€1.10/min on land-lines in Germany)
Fax: +49 911 9673 1599
For detailed information on our support services, contact www.funkwerk-ec.com .
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11
4 Basic configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 4 Basic configuration
You configure your device using the Funkwerk Configuration Interface .
The way to obtain the basic configuration is explained below step-by-step. Detailed knowledge of networks is not necessary. A detailed online help system gives you extra support.
The Companion DVD also supplied includes all the tools that you need for the configuration and management of your device.
4.1 Presettings
4.1.1 Preconfigured data
Your device is shipped with a pre-defined IP configuration:
• IP Address: • Netmask: Use the following access data to configure your device in an ex works state:
• User Name: • Password: Note
All bintec devices are delivered with the same username and password. As long as
the password remains unchanged, they are therefore not protected against unauthorised use. Make sure you change the passwords to prevent unauthorised access to
your device!
How to change the passwords is described in Modify system password on page 17.
4.1.2 Software update
Your device contains the version of the system software available at the time of production.
More recent versions may have since been released. You can easily perform an update
with the Funkwerk Configuration Interface using the Maintenance -> Software & Configuration menu.
12
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
4 Basic configuration
For a description of the update procedure, see Software Update on page 20.
4.2 System requirements
For configuration of the device, your PC must meet the following system requirements:
• Microsoft Windows operating system Windows 2000 or higher
• Internet Explorer 6 or 7, Mozilla Firefox Version 1.2 or higher
• Installed network card (Ethernet)
• DVD drive
• TCP/IP protocol installed (see Configuring a PC on page 16)
• High colour display (more than 256 colours) for correct representation of the graphics.
4.3 Preparations
To prepare for configuration, you need to...
• have the data for the basic configuration and the Internet connection to hand and also
gather the data needed for connecting the required WLAN clients.
• Check whether the PC from which you want to perform the configuration meets the necessary requirements.
You can also...
• install the Dime Managersoftware, which provides more tools for working with your
device. This installation is optional and not essential for the configuration or operation of
the device.
4.3.1 Gathering data
You can gather the main data for configuration with the Funkwerk Configuration Interface quickly, because you do not need any information that requires in-depth knowledge of
networks.
If necessary, you can use the sample values.
Before you start the configuration, you should gather the data for the following purposes:
• Basic configuration (if your device is in the ex works state)
• Internet access (optional)
• Wireless LAN (optional, only for R1200w, R1200wu and R300w)
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13
4 Basic configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The following table shows examples of possible values for the necessary access data. You
can enter your personal data in the "Your values" column, so that you can refer to these
values later when needed.
If you configure a new network, you can use the given example values for IP addresses
and netmasks. In cases of doubt, ask your system administrator.
Basic configuration
For a basic configuration of your gateway, you need information that relates to your network environment:
Basic information
Access data
Example value
IP address of your gateway
Netmask of your gateway
Your values
Internet access over ADSL
If you want to set up Internet access, you need an Internet Service Provider (ISP). You also
receive your personal access data from your ISP. The terms used for the required access
data may vary from provider to provider, However, the type of information you need for dialin in is basically the same.
The following table lists the access data that your device also needs for a DSL connection
to the Internet.
Data for internet access over ADSL
Access data
Example value
Provider name
Protocol
"
Encapsulation
#$!!%&
VPI (Virtual Path Identifier)
VCI (Virtual Circuit Identifier)
'
Your user name
()*
Password
+,-%
Your values
Some Internet Service Providers, such as T-Online, require additional information:
Additional information for T-Online
14
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
4 Basic configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Access data
Example value
User account (12 digits)
'.
Your values
T-Online number (usually 12 digits) '.
Joint user account
Note
To configure T-Online Internet access, in the Username field, enter the following succession of numbers without intervening spaces:
User account (12 digits) + T-Online number (usually 12 digits) + co-user number (for
the main user, always 0001).
If your T-Online number is less than 12 digits long, a "#" character is required between
the T-Online number and the co-user number.
If you use T-DSL, you must add the character string "@t-online.de" at the end of this
string of numbers.
You username could, for example, look like this:
00012345678906112345678#[email protected]
Wireless LAN (only for bintec R1200w, bintec R1200wu and bintec R3000w)
You can operate your device as an access point and therefore connect individual work stations (e.g. laptops, PCs with wireless card or wireless adapter) by wireless connections to
your local network via WLAN (Wireless LAN) and let them communicate with each other.
The table "Data for the Wireless LAN configuration" shows the information required.
As data can be transmitted over the air in the WLAN, this data can in theory be intercepted
and read by any attacker with the appropriate resources. Particular attention must therefore
be paid to protecting the wireless connection.
Note the following:
• Follow the safety precautions when configuring your WLAN.
• Please also read the information on WLAN operation published by the Federal Office for
Information Security, see http://www.bsi.bund.de .
Data for the Wireless LAN configuration
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Access data
Example value
Preshared Key for WPA-PSK
without default
Your values
15
4 Basic configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Access data
Example value
Installation location of your device
)
Channel to be used for WLAN
'
Network name (SSID) for your
WLAN
without default
Visibility of the network name
&#/
Security setting
01!-2
Your values
4.3.2 Configuring a PC
In order to reach your device via the Funkwerk Configuration Interface and to be able to
carry out configuration, the PC used for the configuration has to satisfy some prerequisites.
• Make sure that the TCP/IP protocol is installed on the PC.
• Assign fixed IP address to your PC.
Checking the TCP/IP protocol
Proceed as follows to check whether you have installed the protocol:
(1)
Click the Windows Start button and then Settings -> Control Panel -> Network Connections (Windows XP) or Control Panel -> Network and Sharing Center->
Change Adapter Settings (Windows 7).
(2)
Click on LAN Connection.
(3)
Click on Properties in the status window.
(4)
Look for the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) entry in the list of network components.
Installing the TCP/IP protocol
If you cannot find the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) entry, install the TCP/IP protocol as follows:
(1)
First click Properties, then Install in the status window of the LAN Connection.
(2)
Select the Protocol entry.
(3)
Click Add.
(4)
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on OK.
(5)
Follow the on-screen instructions and restart your PC when you have finished.
Allocating PC IP address
16
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
4 Basic configuration
Allocate an IP address to your PC as follows:
(1)
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click on Properties.
(2)
Choose Use next IP address and enter a suitable IP address.
Entering the gateway IP address in your PC
Then continue by entering the IP address of the gateway in the configuration of your PC as
follows:
(1)
In Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) -> Properties under Default gateway, enter the IP address of your gateway.
(2)
Enter the IP address of your device under Use next DNS server address.
(3)
Click OK.
(4)
Close the status window with OK.
The computer now has an IPSec configuration.
Note
You can now launch Funkwerk Configuration Interface for configuration by entering
the IP address of your device (192.168.0.254) in a supported browser (Internet Explorer 6 or later, Mozilla Firefox 1.2 or later) and entering the pre-configured login information (User: , Password: ).
4.4 Modify system password
All bintec devices are delivered with the same username and password. As long as the
password remains unchanged, they are therefore not protected against unauthorised use.
Make sure you change the passwords to prevent unauthorised access to your device!
Proceed as follows:
(a) Go to System Management -> Global Settings-> Passwords
(b) Enter a new password under System Admin Password .
(c) Enter the new password again under Confirm Admin Password .
(d) Click OK.
(e) Save the configuration by clicking on the Save Configuration button above the menu
navigation.
Note the following rules on password use:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17
4 Basic configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
• The password must not be easy to guess. Names, car registration numbers, dates of
birth, etc. should not be chosen as passwords.
• The password should contain at least one character that is not a letter (special character
or number).
• The password should be at least 8 characters long.
• Change your password regularly, e.g. every 90 days.
4.5 Setting up an internet connection
You can set up different types of internet connections using your device. The most common configuration is described below. The Funkwerk Configuration Interface internet
wizard can be used to help configure alternative configuration types.
4.5.1 Internet connection over internal ADSL modem
The devices R3000 and R3000w have an integrated ADSL2+ modem for establishing a
fast Internet connection. To make it easier to configure an ADSL internet connection, the
Funkwerk Configuration Interface has a wizard to guide you through the connection setup process simply and quickly. A selection of preconfigured connections from leading providers (T-Home, Arcor) makes configuration even easier.
(1)
In Funkwerk Configuration Interface select the menu options Assistants-> Internet
access.
(2)
Click New to create a new entry and to apply the Connection Type / 13-4
(.
(3)
Follow the steps shown by the wizard. The wizard has its own online help, which offers all of the information you may require.
(4)
Once you have exited the wizard, save the configuration by clicking on the Save Configuration button above the menu navigation.
4.5.2 Internet connection over UMTS
Setting up an Internet connection (only for R1200wu) over UMTS requires an activated
SIM card for your UMTS provider.
18
(1)
In Funkwerk Configuration Interface select the menu options Wizards-> Internet
Access.
(2)
Click New to create a new entry and choose the Connection Type 5(+-.
(3)
Follow the steps shown by the wizard. The wizard has its own online help, which offers all of the information you may require.
(4)
Once you have exited the wizard, save the configuration by clicking on the Save Con-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
4 Basic configuration
figuration button above the menu navigation.
4.5.3 Other internet connections
In addition to an ADSL connection over the internal ADSL2+ modem, you can connect your
device over other connection types with the internet or over an external modem (e.g. a
cable modem) or an external gateway. The corresponding wizard in Funkwerk Configuration Interface provides support for configurations of this type. You can find the internet
wizards and other wizards for easy configuration of various applications at the top of the
menu tree under Wizards.
4.5.4 Testing the configuration
Once you have completed the configuration of your device, you can test the connection in
your LAN and to the Internet.
Carry out the following steps to test your device:
(1)
Test the connection to your device. Click Run in the Start menu and enter , followed by a space and the IP address of your system (e.g. ). A window appears with the response .
(2)
Test Internet access by entering www.funkwerk-ec.com in the Internet browser. Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH's Internet site offers you the latest news, updates and documentation.
Note
Incorrect configuration of the devices in your LAN may result in unwanted connections
and increased charges! Monitor your device and make sure it only sets up connections
at the times you want it to. Watch the LEDs on your device (LED for ISDN, ADSL and
the Ethernet interface to which you have connected one or more WANs).
4.6 Setting up wireless LAN
Proceed as follows to use your device (only bintec R1200w, R1200wu and R3000w) as an
access point in WPA-PSK mode:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
(1)
In Funkwerk Configuration Interface go to the Assistants-> Wireless LAN menu.
(2)
Follow the steps shown by the wizard. The wizard has its own online help, which offers all of the information you may require.
(3)
Save the configuration by clicking on the Save Configuration button above the menu
navigation.
19
4 Basic configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Configuring the WLAN Adapter under Windows XP
After installing the drivers for your WLAN card, Windows XP set up a new connection in the
network environment. Proceed as follows to configure the Wireless LAN connection:
(1)
Right-click on Start -> Settings ->Network Connections -> Wireless Network Connections.
(2)
Select Properties.
(3)
Go to the Wireless networks tab.
(4)
Click Add.
Proceed as follows:
(1)
Enter a Network Name, e.g. 6/!.
(2)
Set Network Authentication to 01!-2.
(3)
Set Data Encryption to +2.
(4)
Under Network Key and Confirm Network Key , enter the configured preshared key.
(5)
Exit each menu with OK.
Note
Windows XP allows several menus to be modified. Depending on the configuration,
the path to the wireless network connection you want to configure may be different to
that described above.
4.7 Software Update
The range of functions of bintec devices is continuously being extended. These extensions
are made available to you by Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH free of charge.
Checking for new software versions and the installation of updates can be carried out easily with the Funkwerk Configuration Interface . An existing internet connection is needed
for an automatic update.
Proceed as follows:
20
(1)
In the Maintenance ->menu, select Software & Configuration .
(2)
Under Action, select 5, -)& - and, under Source, 4&
- 7
-
(3)
Then click on GO.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
4 Basic configuration
The device will now connect to the Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH download
server and check whether an updated version of the system software is available. If so,
your device will be updated automatically. When installation of the new software is complete, you will be invited to restart the device.
Caution
Once you have clicked on GO , the update cannot be cancelled/interrupted. If an error
occurs during the update, do not re-start the device and contact support.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
21
5 Reset
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 5 Reset
If the configuration is incorrect or if your device cannot be accessed, you can reset the
device to the ex works standard settings using a special reset procedure.
Practically al existing configuration data will then be ignored, only the current user passwords are retained. Configurations stored in the device are not deleted and can, if required,
be reloaded when the device is rebooted.
Proceed as follows:
(1)
If your device is in operation, switch it off and then on again. The device runs through
the boot sequence.
(2)
Observe the LEDs on the front of your device. After the device runs through the start
mode, the yellow LEDs on the right block light at the same.
(3)
Switch off the device while the LEDs light on the right block. You have about four
seconds for this.
(4)
Repeat the on/off operation twice. Your router has now been switched on and off three
times altogether.
(5)
Switch on your router for the fourth time. If you do not interrupt the boot sequence this
time, the router starts in the "factory reset" state. This state is indicated by the LEDs
on the right block flashing three times.
If you switch the equipment off and on again, it starts with the saved boot configuration.
Proceed as follows if you also want to reset all the user passwords to the ex works state
and delete stored configurations when resetting the device:
• Set up a serial connection to your device. Reboot your device and monitor the boot sequence. Read the message ! "
. Start the BOOTmonitor, choose (4) Delete configuration and follow
the instructions.
or
• Carry out the reset procedure described above by switching on and off. Next establish a
serial connection or a Telnet connection (Telnet: Use the IP address of the ex works
standard settings) for your device. At the login prompt enter & #%$ as the
Login in the command line. Leave the password empty and press the Return key. The
device runs through the boot sequence again.
22
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
5 Reset
Note
The device is also reset to ex works state including all user passwords if you switch
the device on and off five times instead of three times when the device is off.
Note
If you delete the boot configuration using the Funkwerk Configuration Interface
(menu Maintenance->Software & Configuration ), all passwords will also be reset
and the current boot configuration deleted. The next time, the device will boot with the
standard ex works settings.
You can now configure your device again as described from Basic configuration on page
12.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
23
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 6 Technical data
This chapter summarises all the hardware properties of the R1200, R1200w, R1200wu,
R3000, R3000w, R3400, R3800, R4100 and R4300 devices.
6.1 Scope of supply
Your device is supplied with the following parts:
R1200
R1200w
Cable sets/mains unit/
other
Software
Documentation
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
Safety notices
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
Safety notices
2 standard antennas
R1200wu
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
Safety notices
2 standard antennas
R3000
24
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
2 DSL cables (for Annex A
and for Annex B)
Safety notices
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R3000w
Cable sets/mains unit/
other
Software
Documentation
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
2 DSL cables (for Annex A
and for Annex B)
Safety notices
2 standard antennas
R3400
R3800
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
DSL cable
Safety notices
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
Safety notices
DSL cable
Splitter (Y adapter)
R4100
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
Safety notices
Splitter (Y adapter)
R4300
Ethernet cable
Companion DVD
Quick Install Guide (printed)
ISDN cable
User's Guide (on DVD)
Serial connecting cable
Release Notes, if required
Mains unit
Safety notices
X.21 DTE (optional)
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
25
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Cable sets/mains unit/
other
Software
Documentation
X.21 DCE (optional)
V.35 DTE (optional)
6.2 General Product Features
The general product features cover performance features and the technical prerequisites
for installation and operation of your device.
General product features bintec R1200, bintec R1200w, bintec R1200wu
Product name
bintec R1200
bintec R1200w
bintec R1200wu
Equipment dimensions 295 mm x 45 mm x 160
without cable (B x H x mm
D):
295 mm x 45 mm x 160
mm + 8 mm (antenna
socket)
295 mm x 45 mm x 160
mm + 8 mm (antenna
socket)
Weight
approx. 1260 g
approx. 1260 g
Transport weight (incl. approx. 2,6 kg
documentation,
cables, packaging)
approx. 2,6 kg
approx. 2,6 kg
Memory
32 MB SDRAM,
32 MB SDRAM,
32 MB SDRAM,
8 MB flash ROM
8 MB flash ROM
8 MB flash ROM
Dimensions and
weights:
LEDs
approx. 1260 g
18 (1x Power, 1x Status, 20 (1x Power, 1x Status, 20 (1x Power, 1x Status,
5x2 Ethernet, 3x2 Func- 5x2 Ethernet, 4x2 Func- 5x2 Ethernet, 4x2 Function)
tion)
tion)
Power consumption of max. 15 Watt, normally
the device
13 Watt
max. 15 Watt, normally
13 Watt
max. 15 Watt, normally
13 Watt
Voltage supply
15 V AC 1.3 A EU PSU
15 V AC 1.3 A EU PSU
24 V AC 1 A EU PSU
-20° to +70 °C
-20° to +70 °C
-20° to +70 °C
0° to 40 °C
0° to 40 °C
Environmental requirements:
Storage temperature
Operating temperature 0° to 40 °C
26
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
bintec R1200
bintec R1200w
bintec R1200wu
Relative atmospheric
humidity
10 % to 90 % non10 % to 90 % non10 % to 90 % noncondensing in operation, condensing in operation, condensing in operation,
5 % to 95 % non5 % to 95 % non5 % to 95 % noncondensing when stored condensing when stored condensing when stored
Room classification
Only use in dry rooms.
Only use in dry rooms.
Only use in dry rooms.
Ethernet IEEE 802.3
LAN (4-port switch), a
port with serial interface function
Permanently installed
(twisted pair only),
10/100 mbps, autosensing, MDIX; supports
Baud rates: 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600, 19200,
38400, 57600, 115200
Baud
Permanently installed
(twisted pair only),
10/100 mbps, autosensing, MDIX; supports
Baud rates: 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600, 19200,
38400, 57600, 115200
Baud
Permanently installed
(twisted pair only),
10/100 mbps, autosensing, MDIX; supports
Baud rates: 1200, 2400,
4800, 9600, 19200,
38400, 57600, 115200
Baud
ISDN-WAN S0 (2)
Permanently installed
Permanently installed
Permanently installed
DMZ/ETH5
Additional Ethernet
switch port
Additional Ethernet
switch port
Additional Ethernet
switch port
WLAN interface
(antennas)
-
802.11b, 802.11g and
802.11a with Antenna
Diversity
802.11b, 802.11g and
802.11a with Antenna
Diversity
CardBus interface
(PCMCIA)
-
-
Interface for integrating a
UMTS modem card
Serial interface V.24
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
Ethernet interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
ISDN interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
CardBus interface
-
-
68-pole PCMCIA socket
Standards &
Guidelines
R&TTE Directive
1999/5/EC
R&TTE Directive
1999/5/EC
R&TTE Directive
1999/5/EC
CE symbol for all EU
states
CE symbol for all EU
states
CE symbol for all EU
states
Community passwords,
PAP, CHAP, MS-CHAP,
MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
Community passwords,
PAP, CHAP, MS-CHAP,
MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
Community passwords,
PAP, CHAP, MS-CHAP,
MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
Available interfaces:
Available sockets:
SAFERNET TM Security Technology
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
27
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
bintec R1200
bintec R1200w
bintec R1200wu
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access Control
Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF,
MPPE Encryption, PPTP
Encryption, VPN with
PPTP or IPSec
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access Control
Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF,
MPPE Encryption, PPTP
Encryption, VPN with
PPTP or IPSec
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access Control
Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF,
MPPE Encryption, PPTP
Encryption, VPN with
PPTP or IPSec
Dime Manager on DVD
Dime Manager on DVD
Dime Manager on DVD
Printed documentation Quick Install Guide
supplied
Quick Install Guide
Quick Install Guide
Online documentation User's Guide
User's Guide
User's Guide
Workshops
Workshops
Workshops
Release Notes, if required
Release Notes, if required
Release Notes, if required
Software supplied
General product features bintec R3000, bintec R3000w
Product name
bintec R3000
bintec R3000w
Dimensions and
weights:
Equipment dimensions 295 mm x 45 mm x 160 mm
without cable (B x H x
D):
295 mm x 45 mm x 160 mm + 8 mm
(antenna socket)
Weight
approx. 1260 g
Transport weight (incl. approx. 2,6 kg
documentation,
cables, packaging)
approx. 2,6 kg
Memory
32 MB SDRAM,
32 MB SDRAM,
8 MB flash ROM
8 MB flash ROM
18 (1x Power, 1x Status, 5x2 Ethernet, 3x2 Function)
20 (1x Power, 1x Status, 5x2 Ethernet, 4x2 Function)
LEDs
28
approx. 1260 g
Power consumption of max. 15 Watt, normally 13 Watt
the device
max. 15 Watt, normally 13 Watt
Voltage supply
15 V AC 1.3 A EU PSU
15 V AC 1.3 A EU PSU
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
bintec R3000
bintec R3000w
-20° to +70 °C
-20° to +70 °C
Environmental requirements:
Storage temperature
Operating temperature 0° to 40 °C
0° to 40 °C
Relative atmospheric
humidity
10 % to 90 % non-condensing in operation,
10 % to 90 % non-condensing in operation,
5 % to 95 % non-condensing when
stored
5 % to 95 % non-condensing when
stored
Only use in dry rooms.
Only use in dry rooms.
ADSL interface
Internal ADSL modem for Annex A
and Annex B
Internal ADSL modem for Annex A
and Annex B
Ethernet IEEE 802.3
LAN (4-port switch), a
port with serial interface function
Permanently installed (twisted pair
only), 10/100 mbps, autosensing,
MDIX; supports Baud rates: 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200 Baud
Permanently installed (twisted pair
only), 10/100 mbps, autosensing,
MDIX; supports Baud rates: 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200 Baud
ISDN-WAN S0 (2)
Permanently installed
Permanently installed
DMZ/ETH5
Additional Ethernet switch port
Additional Ethernet switch port
WLAN interface
(antennas)
-
802.11b, 802.11g and 802.11a with
Antenna Diversity. Data rates 1, 2,
5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54
mbps 1-, 2-, 5.5-, 6-, 9-, 11-, 12-, 18-,
24-, 36-, 48-, 54 mbps
Serial interface V.24
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
Ethernet interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
ISDN interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
ADSL interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
Standards &
Guidelines
R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
CE symbol for all EU states
CE symbol for all EU states
Room classification
Available interfaces:
Available sockets:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
29
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
bintec R3000
bintec R3000w
SAFERNET TM Security Technology
Community passwords, PAP, CHAP,
MS-CHAP, MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access
Control Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF, MPPE
Encryption, PPTP Encryption, VPN
with PPTP or IPSec
Community passwords, PAP, CHAP,
MS-CHAP, MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access
Control Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF, MPPE
Encryption, PPTP Encryption, VPN
with PPTP or IPSec
Dime Manager on DVD
Dime Manager on DVD
Software supplied
Printed documentation Quick Install Guide
supplied
Quick Install Guide
Online documentation User's Guide
User's Guide
Workshops
Workshops
Release Notes, if required
Release Notes, if required
General product features bintec R3400, bintec R3800
Product name
bintec R3400
bintec R3800
Dimensions and
weights:
Equipment dimensions 295 mm x 45 mm x 160 mm
without cable (B x H x
D):
295 mm x 45 mm x 160 mm
Weight
approx. 1260 g
approx. 1260 g
Transport weight (incl. approx. 2,6 kg
documentation,
cables, packaging)
approx. 2,6 kg
Memory
32 MB SDRAM,
32 MB SDRAM,
8 MB flash ROM
8 MB flash ROM
18 (1x Power, 1x Status, 5x2 Ethernet, 3x2 Function)
20 (1x Power, 1x Status, 5x2 Ethernet, 4x2 Function)
LEDs
Power consumption of max. 15 Watt, normally 10 Watt
the device
max. 15 Watt, normally 12 Watt
Voltage supply
15 V AC 1.3 A EU PSU
15 V AC 1.3 A EU PSU
Environmental require-
30
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
bintec R3400
bintec R3800
-20° to +70 °C
-20° to +70 °C
ments:
Storage temperature
Operating temperature 0° to 40 °C
0° to 40 °C
Relative atmospheric
humidity
10 % to 90 % non-condensing in operation,
10 % to 90 % non-condensing in operation,
5 % to 95 % non-condensing when
stored
5 % to 95 % non-condensing when
stored
Only use in dry rooms.
Only use in dry rooms.
Room classification
Available interfaces:
SHDSL interface
Internal SHDSL 4-wire modem for An- Internal SHDSL 8-wire modem for Annex A and Annex B.
nex A and Annex B.
Bonding technology with 2-wire/4-wire
as an inverse multiplexer - performed
over IMA in accordance with the ATM
forum.
Bonding technology with
2-wire/4-wire/6-wire/8-wire as an inverse multiplexer - performed over
IMA in accordance with the ATM forum.
Ethernet IEEE 802.3
LAN (4-port switch), a
port with serial interface function
Permanently installed (twisted pair
only), 10/100 mbps, autosensing,
MDIX; supports Baud rates: 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200 Baud
Permanently installed (twisted pair
only), 10/100 mbps, autosensing,
MDIX; supports Baud rates: 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200 Baud
ISDN-WAN S0 (2)
Permanently installed
Permanently installed
DMZ/ETH5
Additional Ethernet switch port
Additional Ethernet switch port
Serial interface V.24
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
Ethernet interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
ISDN interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
CE symbol for all EU states
CE symbol for all EU states
Available sockets:
SHDSL interface
Standards &
Guidelines
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
31
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
bintec R3400
bintec R3800
SAFERNET TM Security Technology
Community passwords, PAP, CHAP,
MS-CHAP, MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access
Control Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF, MPPE
Encryption, PPTP Encryption, VPN
with PPTP or IPSec
Community passwords, PAP, CHAP,
MS-CHAP, MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access
Control Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF, MPPE
Encryption, PPTP Encryption, VPN
with PPTP or IPSec
Dime Manager on DVD
Dime Manager on DVD
Software supplied
Printed documentation Quick Install Guide
supplied
Quick Install Guide
Online documentation User's Guide
User's Guide
Workshops
Workshops
Release Notes, if required
Release Notes, if required
General product features bintec R4100, bintec R4300
Product name
bintec R4100
bintec R4300
Dimensions and
weights:
Equipment dimensions 295 mm x 45 mm x 160 mm
without cable (B x H x
D):
295 mm x 45 mm x 160 mm
Weight
approx. 1260 g
approx. 1260 g
Transport weight (incl. approx. 2,6 kg
documentation,
cables, packaging)
approx. 2,6 kg
Memory
32 MB SDRAM,
32 MB SDRAM,
8 MB flash ROM
8 MB flash ROM
20 (1x Power, 1x Status, 5x2 Ethernet, 4x2 Function)
20 (1x Power, 1x Status, 5x2 Ethernet, 4x2 Function)
LEDs
Power consumption of max. 15 Watt, normally 10 Watt
the device
max. 15 Watt, normally 13 Watt
Voltage supply
15 V AC 1.3 A EU PSU
24 V AC 1 A EU PSU
Environmental require-
32
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
bintec R4100
bintec R4300
-20° to +70 °C
-20° to +70 °C
ments:
Storage temperature
Operating temperature 0° to 40 °C
0° to 40 °C
Relative atmospheric
humidity
10 % to 90 % non-condensing in operation,
10 % to 90 % non-condensing in operation,
5 % to 95 % non-condensing when
stored
5 % to 95 % non-condensing when
stored
Only use in dry rooms.
Only use in dry rooms.
Ethernet IEEE 802.3
LAN (4-port switch), a
port with serial interface function
Permanently installed (twisted pair
only), 10/100 mbps, autosensing,
MDIX; supports Baud rates: 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200 Baud
Permanently installed (twisted pair
only), 10/100 mbps, autosensing,
MDIX; supports Baud rates: 1200,
2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200 Baud
ISDN-WAN S0 (2)
Permanently installed
Permanently installed
ISDN-PRI (2)
Permanently installed
-
DMZ/ETH5
Additional Ethernet switch port
Additional Ethernet switch port
X.21 interface (2)
-
Permanently installed
Serial interface V.24
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
Ethernet interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
ISDN interface
RJ45 socket
RJ45 socket
ISDN-PRI interface
RJ45 socket
-
X.21 interface
-
RJ45 socket
Standards &
Guidelines
R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC
CE symbol for all EU states
CE symbol for all EU states
SAFERNET TM Security Technology
Community passwords, PAP, CHAP,
MS-CHAP, MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access
Control Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF, MPPE
Encryption, PPTP Encryption, VPN
Community passwords, PAP, CHAP,
MS-CHAP, MS-CHAP v.2, PPTP,
PPPoE, PPPoA, Callback, Access
Control Lists, CLID, NAT, SIF, MPPE
Encryption, PPTP Encryption, VPN
Room classification
Available interfaces:
Available sockets:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
33
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Product name
Software supplied
bintec R4100
bintec R4300
with PPTP or IPSec
with PPTP or IPSec
Dime Manager on DVD
Dime Manager on DVD
Printed documentation Quick Install Guide
supplied
Quick Install Guide
Online documentation User's Guide
User's Guide
Workshops
Workshops
Release Notes, if required
Release Notes, if required
Note
Antenna Diversity
The two antennas do not have equality of access. One is used both to transmit and receive (marked as "main", "primary" or "1"; the antenna next to the power switch), the
other is only used to receive. During reception, the AP (Access Point) checks which
antenna is receiving a better signal. This is then used for decoding.
6.3 LEDs
The device LEDs provide information on certain activities and statuses of the device.
The LEDs on bintec R1200 are arranged as follows:
Fig. 5: LEDs on bintec R1200
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R1200 display the following status information for
your device:
LED status display
34
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
Information
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
flashing
BRRP packets are received.
on
A user is logged in to the system (e.g. over Telnet).
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
ISDN-0 B/D
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
ISDN-1 B/D
Top row
ISDN-1 B/D
Bottom row
MA / HA
Top row
MA / HA
Bottom row
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
35
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The LEDs on bintec R1200w are arranged as follows:
Fig. 6: LEDs on bintec R1200w
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R1200w display the following status information for
your device:
LED status display
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
ISDN-0 B/D
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
36
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Information
ISDN-1 B/D
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
flashing
BRRP packets are received.
on
A user is logged in to the system (e.g. over Telnet).
on
The WLAN module is active.
flashing
Data traffic via the WLAN interface.
Top row
ISDN-1 B/D
Bottom row
MA / HA
Top row
MA / HA
Bottom row
WLAN
Top row
WLAN
Bottom row
The LEDs on bintec R1200wu are arranged as follows:
Fig. 7: LEDs on bintec R1200wu
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R1200wu display the following status information
for your device:
LED status display
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
37
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
Information
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
on
UMTS connection set up.
flashing
Data traffic over UMTS.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
ISDN-0 B/D
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
ISDN-1 B/D
Top row
ISDN-1 B/D
Bottom row
UMTS
Top row
UMTS
Bottom row
38
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Information
WLAN
flashing
Data traffic via the WLAN interface.
slow flashing
The WLAN module is active.
on
At least one WLAN client is connected.
Top row
WLAN
Bottom row
The LEDs on bintec R3000 are arranged as follows:
Fig. 8: LEDs on bintec R3000
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R3000 display the following status information for
your device:
LED status display
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
39
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Information
ISDN-0 B/D
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
flashing
The device synchronises with the DSLAM of the
ADSL provider.
on
The device has successfully synchronised with
the DSLAM of the ADSL provider.
flashing
Data traffic via the ADSL interface.
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
ISDN-1 B/D
Top row
ISDN-1 B/D
Bottom row
ADSL
Top row
ADSL
Bottom row
synchronous flash- ADSL Handshake.
ing
asynchronous
flashing
ADSL system error.
The LEDs on bintec R3000w are arranged as follows:
40
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 9: LEDs on bintec R3000w
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R3000w display the following status information for
your device:
LED status display
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
ISDN-0 B/D
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
ISDN-1 B/D
Top row
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
41
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Information
ISDN-1 B/D
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
flashing
The device synchronises with the DSLAM of the
ADSL provider.
on
The device has successfully synchronised with
the DSLAM of the ADSL provider.
flashing
Data traffic via the ADSL interface.
Bottom row
ADSL
Top row
ADSL
Bottom row
synchronous flash- ADSL Handshake.
ing
WLAN
asynchronous
flashing
ADSL system error.
flashing
Data traffic via the WLAN interface.
slow flashing
The WLAN module is active.
on
At least one WLAN client is connected.
Top row
WLAN
Bottom row
The LEDs on bintec R3400 are arranged as follows:
Fig. 10: LEDs on bintec R3400
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R3400 display the following status information for
42
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
your device:
LED status display
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
flashing
BRRP packets are received.
on
A user is logged in to the system (e.g. over Telnet).
on
The wire pair 4-5 on the SHDSL line has successfully synchronized with the DSLAM of the
SHDSL provider.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
ISDN-0 B/D
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
MA / HA
Top row
MA / HA
Bottom row
SHDSL-2/1
Top row
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
43
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
SHDSL-2/1
Status
Information
flashing
Data traffic over the SHDSL wire pair 4-5.
on
The wire pair 7-8 on the SHDSL line has successfully synchronized with the DSLAM of the
SHDSL provider.
flashing
Data traffic over the SHDSL wire pair 7-8.
Top row
The LEDs on bintec R3800 are arranged as follows:
Fig. 11: LEDs on bintec R3800
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R3800 display the following status information for
your device:
LED status display
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
44
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Information
ISDN-0 B/D
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
flashing
BRRP packets are received.
on
A user is logged in to the system (e.g. over Telnet).
on
The wire pair 4-5 on the SHDSL line has successfully synchronized with the DSLAM of the
SHDSL provider.
flashing
Data traffic over the SHDSL wire pair 4-5.
on
The wire pair 7-8 on the SHDSL line has successfully synchronized with the DSLAM of the
SHDSL provider.
flashing
Data traffic over the SHDSL wire pair 7-8.
on
The wire pair 3-6 on the SHDSL line has successfully synchronized with the DSLAM of the
SHDSL provider.
flashing
Data traffic over the SHDSL wire pair 3-6.
on
The wire pair 1-2 on the SHDSL line has successfully synchronized with the DSLAM of the
SHDSL provider.
flashing
Data traffic over the SHDSL wire pair 1-2.
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
MA / HA
Top row
MA / HA
Bottom row
SHDSL-2/1
Top row
SHDSL-2/1
Top row
SHDSL-4/3
Top row
SHDSL-4/3
Top row
The LEDs on bintec R4100 are arranged as follows:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
45
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 12: LEDs on bintec R4100
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R4100 display the following status information for
your device:
LED status display
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
on
ISDN-0: ISDN D-channel is active.
flashing
ISDN-0: At least one ISDN B channel is active.
on
ISDN-1: ISDN D-channel is active.
flashing
ISDN-1: At least one ISDN B channel is active.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
ISDN-1/0
Top row
ISDN-1/0
Bottom row
46
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
Status
Information
ISDN-3/2
on
ISDN-2: ISDN D-channel is active.
flashing
ISDN-2: At least one ISDN B channel is active.
on
ISDN-3: ISDN D-channel is active.
flashing
ISDN-3: At least one ISDN B channel is active.
on
PRI-0: ISDN D-channel is active.
flashing
PRI-0: At least one ISDN B channel is active.
on
PRI-1: ISDN D-channel is active.
flashing
PRI-1: At least one ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
BRRP packets are received.
on
A user is logged in to the system (e.g. over Telnet).
Top row
ISDN-3/2
Bottom row
PRI 1/0
Top row
PRI 1/0
Bottom row
MA / HA
Top row
MA / HA
Bottom row
The LEDs on bintec R4300 are arranged as follows:
Fig. 13: LEDs on bintec R4300
In operation mode, the LEDs on bintec R4300 display the following status information for
your device:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
47
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED status display
LED
Status
Information
Power
on
The power supply is connected.
Status
Permanently on or Error.
off
ETH 1 to 5
flashing
The device is active.
on
The device is connected to the Ethernet.
flashing
Data traffic via the Ethernet interface.
on
Data traffic with 100 mbps.
off
Data traffic with 10 mbps.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
on
ISDN D-channel is active.
on
One ISDN B channel is active.
flashing
Both ISDN B channels are active.
on
X.21 1: Connection is set up.
Top row
ETH 1 to 5
Bottom row
ISDN-0 B/D
Top row
ISDN-0 B/D
Bottom row
ISDN-1 B/D
Top row
ISDN-1 B/D
Bottom row
X.21 2/1
Top row
48
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
LED
X.21 2/1
Status
Information
flashing
X.21 1: Data traffic.
on
X.21 2: Connection is set up.
flashing
X.21 2: Data traffic.
flashing
BRRP packets are received.
on
A user is logged in to the system (e.g. over Telnet).
Bottom row
MA / HA
Top row
MA / HA
Bottom row
6.4 Connectors
All the connections are located on the back of the device.
bintec R1200 has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function, a
DMZ/ETH5 interface and two ISDN interfaces.
The connections are arranged as follows:
Fig. 14: Back of bintec R1200
Back of bintec R1200
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
49
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN-0 - ISDN-1
ISDN interface
bintec R1200w has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function,
a DMZ/ETH5 interface and two ISDN interfaces.
The connections are arranged as follows:
Fig. 15: Back of bintec R1200w
Back of bintec R1200w
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
4
Main and AUX
RSMA connection
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN-0 - ISDN-1
ISDN interface
bintec R1200wu has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function,
a DMZ/ETH5 interface and two ISDN interfaces and a CardBus slot for connecting a UMTS
modem.
The connections are arranged as follows:
50
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 16: Back of bintec R1200wu
Back of bintec R1200wu
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
4
Main and AUX
RSMA connection
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN-0 - ISDN-1
ISDN interface
8
CardBus
CardBus slot for UMTS modem
bintec R3000 has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function, a
DMZ/ETH5 interface, two ISDN interfaces and an ADSL interface.
The connections are arranged as follows:
Fig. 17: Back of bintec R3000
Back of bintec R3000
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
51
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN-0 - ISDN-1
ISDN interface
8
ADSL
ADSL interface
bintec R3000w has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function,
a DMZ/ETH5 interface, two ISDN interfaces and an ADSL interface.
The connections are arranged as follows:
Fig. 18: Back of bintec R3000w
Back of bintec R3000w
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
4
Main and AUX
RSMA connection
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN-0 - ISDN-1
ISDN interface
8
ADSL
ADSL interface
bintec R3400 has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function, a
DMZ/ETH5 interface, an ISDN interface and an SHDSL interface.
The connections are arranged as follows:
52
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 19: Back of bintec R3400
Back of bintec R3400
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN
ISDN interface
8
SHDSL
SHDSL interface
bintec R3800 has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function, a
DMZ/ETH5 interface, an ISDN interface and an SHDSL interface.
The connections are arranged as follows:
Fig. 20: Back of bintec R3800
Back of bintec R3800
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
53
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
7
ISDN
ISDN interface
8
SHDSL
SHDSL interface
bintec R4100 has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function, a
DMZ/ETH5 interface, four ISDN interfaces and two ISDN-PRI interfaces.
The connections are arranged as follows:
Fig. 21: Back of bintec R4100
Back of bintec R4100
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN-0 - ISDN-3
ISDN interface
9
PRI-0 - PRI-1
ISDN-PRI interface
bintec R4300 has a 4-port Ethernet switch including a port with serial interface function, a
DMZ/ETH5 interface, two ISDN interfaces and two X.21 interfaces.
The connections are arranged as follows:
Fig. 22: Back of bintec R4300
54
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Back of bintec R4300
1
I/0
Mains switch
2
PWR
Socket for plug-in power pack
3
DMZ/ETH5
Ethernet interface
5
ETH2 - ETH4
Ethernet interface
6
ETH1 / Console
Ethernet interface with serial interface function
7
ISDN-0 - ISDN-1
ISDN interface
10
X.21 / V.35
X.21 interface
6.5 Pin Assignments
6.5.1 Ethernet interface
bintec R1200, bintec R1200w, R1200wu, R3000, R3000w, R3400, R3800, R4100 and
R4300 have an Ethernet interface with integrated 4-port switch (ETH1 - ETH4) and a separate Ethernet interface (DMZ/ETH5).
The 4-port switch is used to connect individual PCs or other switches. The +896&/
interface can also be used as a serial interface. The DMZ/ETH5 interface can be used to
connect an optional DSL modem or a DMZ.
The connection is made via an RJ45 socket.
Fig. 23: Ethernet 10/100 Base-T interface (RJ45 socket)
The pin assignment for the Ethernet 10/100 Base-T interface (RJ45 socket) is as follows:
RJ45 socket for Ethernet connection
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Pin
Function
1
TD +
2
TD -
3
RD +
4
Not used
55
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Pin
Function
5
Not used
6
RD -
7
Not used
8
Not used
The Ethernet 10/100 BASE-T interface does not have an Auto-MDI-X function.
The pin assignment for the Ethernet 10/100 Base-T interface (RJ45 socket) is as follows:
RJ45 socket for Ethernet connection or serial interface (console)
Pin
Function
1
TD + (Ethernet)
2
TD - (Ethernet)
3
RD + (Ethernet)
4
RX (console)
5
GND (console)
6
RD - (Ethernet)
7
GND (console)
8
TX (console)
The combined serial Ethernet 10/100Base-T interface does not have an Auto-MDI-X function.
6.5.2 ISDN S0 port
bintec R1200, R1200w, R1200wu, R3000, R3000w, R3400, R3800, R4100 and R4300
have two additional ISDN-S0 interfaces, which can be used for backup functions, for example.
The connection is made via an RJ45 socket:
Fig. 24: ISDN S0 BRI interface (RJ45 socket)
The pin assignment for the ISDN S0 BRI interface (RJ45 socket) is as follows:
56
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
RJ45 socket for ISDN connection
Pin
Function
1
Not used
2
Not used
3
Transmit (+)
4
Receive (+)
5
Receive (-)
6
Transmit (-)
7
Not used
8
Not used
6.5.3 ISDN-PRI interface
Both of the ISDN PRI interfaces on bintec R4100 are connected via an RJ45 plug. The
cable supplied connects the RJ45 plug needed for the device to an RJ45 plug needed for
the PRI connection.
The following pins are used for the connection:
Fig. 25: ISDN PRI interface (RJ45 socket)
The pin assignment for the ISDN PRI interface (RJ45 socket) is as follows:
RJ45 socket for ISDN PRI connection
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Pin
Function
1
T+
2
T-
3
Not used
4
R+
5
R-
6
Not used
7
Not used
57
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Pin
Function
8
Not used
Note for NTs in Germany
Note
In Germany, "Transmit" (NT-->TE) is often designated "S2Mab" (a and b) on the plug
and "Receive" (TE-->NT) "S2Man" (a and b).
6.5.4 CardBus interface (PCMCIA)
The CardBus interface on bintec R1200wu allows a UMTS CardBus modem to be added
to the system.
The modem card is inserted in the existing CardBus slot and is integrated automatically by
the system. You can insert the card even when the device is running (hot-pluggable).
If the card is not integrated automatically, the system does not support this specific card.
Our support staff will be pleased to help if you have any questions.
Fig. 26: 68-pin CardBus slot for UMTS modem card
The pin assignment is as follows:
Pin assignment of the CardBus slot
58
Pin
Function
Description
1
GND
Ground
2
CAD0
Mpx address/data 0
3
CAD1
Mpx address/data 1
4
CAD3
Mpx address/data 3
5
CAD5
Mpx address/data 5
6
CAD7
Mpx address/data 7
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Pin
Function
Description
7
CCBE0#
Command/Byte possible 0
8
CAD9
Mpx address/data 9
9
CAD11
Mpx address/data 11
10
CAD12
Mpx address/data 12
11
CAD14
Mpx address/data 14
12
CCBE1#
Command/Byte possible 1
13
CPAR
CardBus Parity
14
CPERR#
CardBus Parity error
15
CGNT#
CardBus Grant
16
CINT#
CardBus IREQ
17
VCC
Card power supply
18
VPP1
Programming voltage 1
19
CCLK
CardBus cycle
20
CIRDY#
CardBus initiator ready
21
CCBE2#
Command/Byte possible 2
22
CAD18
Mpx address/data 18
23
CAD20
Mpx address/data 20
24
CAD21
Mpx address/data 21
25
CAD22
Mpx address/data 22
26
CAD23
Mpx address/data 23
27
CAD24
Mpx address/data 24
28
CAD25
Mpx address/data 25
29
CAD26
Mpx address/data 26
30
CAD27
Mpx address/data 27
31
CAD29
Mpx address/data 29
32
RFU
Reserved
33
CCLKRUN#
Start CardBus cycle
34
GND
Ground
35
GND
Ground
36
CCD1#
Card ID 1
37
CAD2
Mpx address/data 2
38
CAD4
Mpx address/data 4
59
6 Technical data
60
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Pin
Function
Description
39
CAD6
Mpx address/data 6
40
RFU
Reserved
41
CAD8
Mpx address/data 8
42
CAD10
Mpx address/data 10
43
CVS1
Voltage ID 1
44
CAD13
Mpx address/data 13
45
CAD15
Mpx address/data 15
46
CAD16
Mpx address/data 16
47
RFU
Reserved
48
CBLOCK#
CardBus blocked
49
CSTOP#
CardBus stop
50
CDEVSEL#
CardBus device selection
51
VCC
Card power supply
52
VPP2
Programming voltage 2
53
CTRDY#
CardBus destination ready
54
CFRAME#
CardBus Cycle Frame
55
CAD17
Mpx address/data 17
56
CAD19
Mpx address/data 19
57
CVS2
Voltage ID 2
58
CRST#
Reset CardBus
59
CSERR#
CardBus system error
60
CREQ#
CardBus request
61
CCBE3#
Command/Byte possible 3
62
CAUDIO
CardBus audio
63
CSTSCHG
CardBus status change
64
CAD28
Mpx address/data 28
65
CAD30
Mpx address/data 30
66
CAD31
Mpx address/data 31
67
CCD2#
Card ID 2
68
GND
Ground
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
6.5.5 ADSL interface
The ADSL interface on bintec R3000 and R3000w is connected via an RJ45 plug. The
cable supplied connects the RJ45 plug needed for the device to an RJ45 plug provided for
Annex A. The second cable supplied connected the RJ45 plug with an RJ45 plug for Annex
B.
The following pins are used for the ADSL connection:
Fig. 27: ADSL interface (RJ45 socket)
The pin assignment for the ADSL interface (RJ45 socket) is as follows:
RJ45 socket for ADSL connection
Pin
Function
1
Not used
2
Not used
3
Not used
4
Line a
5
Line b
6
Not used
7
Not used
8
Not used
6.5.6 SHDSL interface
The SHDSL interface on bintec R3400 is connected via an RJ45 connector. The cable
supplied connects the RJ45 connector needed for the device to an RJ45 connector needed
for the SHDSL connection.
The following pins are used for the SHDSL connection:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
61
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 28: SHDSL interface (RJ45 connector) bintec R3400
In 2 wire mode, the wire pairs a1 and b1 are used. In 4 wire mode, the additional wire pairs
a2 and b2 are used.
The pin assignment for the SHDSL interface (RJ45 connector) is as follows:
RJ45 socket for SHDSL connection bintec R3400
Pin
Function
1
Not used
2
Not used
3
Not used
4
Line a1
5
Line b1
6
Not used
7
Line a2
8
Line b2
The SHDSL interface on bintec R3800 is connected via an RJ45 connector. The cable
supplied connects the RJ45 connector needed for the device to an RJ45 connector needed
for the SHDSL connection.
The following pins are used for the SHDSL connection:
Fig. 29: SHDSL interface (RJ45 connector) bintec R3800
The use of wire pairs can be configured in the Funkwerk Configuration Interface .
The pin assignment for the SHDSL interface (RJ45 connector) is as follows:
RJ45 socket for SHDSL connection bintec R3800
62
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Pin
Function
1
Line a4
2
Line b4
3
Line a3
4
Line a1
5
Line b1
6
Line b3
7
Line a2
8
Line b2
6.5.7 X.21 interface
bintec R4300 has two X.21 interfaces
The connection is made via a 26-pole mini Delta ribbon socket:
Fig. 30: X.21 interface (26-pole mini Delta ribbon socket)
The 26-pole mini Delta ribbon socket has the following pin assignment:
Pin assignment of 26-pole mini Delta ribbon socket
Signal
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Pin no.
X.21
(DB-15)
X.21
(DB-15)
V.35
(M34)
V.35
(M34)
V.36
(DB-37)
V.36
(DB-37)
DTE
DCE
DTE
DCE
DTE
DCE
Shield
A1 (1)
1
1
A
A
1
1
GND
A2 (2)
8
8
B
B
19
19
TxD (B)
A3 (3)
9
11
S
T
22
24
TxD (A)
A4 (4)
2
4
P
R
4
6
RxD (B)
A5 (5)
11
9
T
S
24
22
RxD (A)
A6 (6)
4
2
R
P
6
4
RTS (B)
A7 (7)
10
12
25
27
RTS (A)
A( (8)
3
5
7
9
C
D
63
6 Technical data
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Signal
64
Pin no.
X.21
(DB-15)
X.21
(DB-15)
V.35
(M34)
V.35
(M34)
V.36
(DB-37)
V.36
(DB-37)
DTE
DCE
DTE
DCE
DTE
DCE
27
25
CBS (B)
A9 (9)
12
10
CBS (A)
A10 (10)
5
3
D
C
9
7
RxC (B)
A11 (11)
13
14
X
W
26
35
RxC (A)
A12 (12)
6
7
V
U
8
17
Mode
DCE
A13 (13)
Mode 0
B1 (14)
DTR (B)
B2 (15)
DTR (A)
B3 (16)
DCD (B)
B4 (17)
DCD (A)
B5 (18)
DSR (B)
B6 (19)
DSR (A)
B7 (20)
E
TxC (B)
B8 (21)
TxC (A)
B9 (22)
Mode 1
B10 (23)
Mode 2
B11 (24)
8
B
B
19
19
30
29
12
11
31
31
13
13
29
30
H
11
12
W
AA
23
23
U
Y
5
5
H
F
8
19
E
F
8
TxCE (B) B12 (25)
13
AA
X
35
26
TxCE (A) B13 (26)
6
Y
V
36
8
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
6 Technical data
6.6 WEEE information
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
65
7 Variable switching of S0 interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 7 Variable switching of S0 interfaces
7.1 Switching the S0 interfaces from external to internal
The devices bintec R1200, bintec R3000 and bintec R4100 have two or four BRI connections. All BRI connections can be operated as internal or as external S0 connections. The
external S0 connections are used for connection to the network operator's ISDN network.
The internal S0 connections are provided for connecting various ISDN terminals
(telephone, PC, etc.). In the ex works state, the BRI connections are configured as external
connections.
The two S0 interfaces BRI-1 and BRI-2 can be switch from external (ex works state) to internal via a link plug field on the PCB for the device. Additional interfaces BRI-3 and BRI-4
can be switched via the link plugs on the side of the ISDN-L module.
If you use a S0 interface as an internal connection, you can specify for each interface
whether or not the connection is powered via your device when the conncted terminal does
not have its own power supply. The respective link plugs must be moved to do this.
In addition, you can switch the 100 Ohm terminators on/off for each interface via additional
link plugs. You require terminators:
• if you connect an external connection directly with the external NTBA
• for a point-to-point connection
• if the bus starts directly with the connection of your device
You can also connect the interfaces BRI-3 and BRI-4 to each other. This can guarantee the
power supply for a terminal on an BRI interface switched to internal mode in the event that
your device is switched off or the power supply fails. For example, an external S0 can be
placed on an internal S0. In this case, an idle relay loops through from external S0 to internal S0 and so creates an emergency supply for the internal S0 bus/telephone.
Warning
Always remove the power cord before opening the device. This is the only way of ensuring that the internal mains unit is completely dead. If you do not remove the power
cord, there is a risk of injury or death.
Note that the device should only be opened by trained service personnel.
66
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
7 Variable switching of S0 interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
To carry out the switch proceed as follows:
Unscrew the two screws on the back of the device and slide the cover upwards.
The link plugs for the BRI-1 and BRI-2 interfaces can be found on all devices on the main
PCB behind the terminal block.
Insert the link plugs for interfaces BRI-1 and BRI-2 as shown in the following figure:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Use
Interface
Link plug
area
Position
Position
Internal/external switching
BRI-1
J1M
Internal
external
Internal/external switching
BRI-2
J2M
Internal
external
Power supply for internal
connection
BRI-1
J1P
Off
On
Power supply for internal
connection
BRI-2
J2P
Off
On
100 Ohm terminator
BRI-1
J1T
Off
On
67
7 Variable switching of S0 interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Use
Interface
Link plug
area
Position
Position
100 Ohm terminator
BRI-2
J2T
Off
On
You can also switch the interfaces BRI-3 and BRI-4. The link plugs are on the side of the
ISDN-L module.
Insert the link plugs for interfaces BRI-3 and BRI-4 as shown in the following figure:
68
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
7 Variable switching of S0 interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
* "on" is only permitted, if J3M BRI-3 is set to internal mode and J4M BRI-4 is set to external mode.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Use
Interface
Link plug
area
Position
Position
Internal/external switching
BRI-3
J3M
Internal
external
Internal/external switching
BRI-4
J4M
Internal
external
Power supply for internal
connection
BRI-3
J3P
Off
On
Power supply for internal
connection
BRI-4
J4P
Off
On
100 Ohm terminator
BRI-3
J3T
Off
On
100 Ohm terminator
BRI-4
J4T
Off
On
Connection of BRI-3 and
BRI-4
-
J3-4
Off
On
69
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 8 Access and configuration
This chapter describes all the access and configuration options.
8.1 Access Options
The various access options are presented below. Select the procedure to suit your needs.
There are various ways you can access your device to configure it:
• Via your LAN
• Via the serial interface
• Via an ISDN connection
8.1.1 Access via LAN
Access via one of the Ethernet interfaces of your device allows you to to open the Funkwerk Configuration Interface in a web browser for configuration purposes and to access
your device via Telnet or SSH.
Caution
If you carry out the initial configuration with the Funkwerk Configuration Interface ,
this can result in inconsistencies or malfunctions, as soon as you carry out additional
settings using other configuration options. Therefore, it is recommended that the configuration is continued with the Funkwerk Configuration Interface . If you use SNMP
shell commands, continue with this configuration method.
8.1.1.1 HTTP/HTTPS
With a current web browser, you can use the HTML interfaces to configure your device. For
this, enter the following in your web browser's address field:
• ,:99
or
,&:99
70
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
8.1.1.2 Telnet
Apart from configuration using a web browser, with a Telnet connection you can also access the SNMP shell and use other configuration options.
You do not need any additional software on your PC to set up a Telnet connection to your
device: Telnet is available on all operating systems.
Proceed as follows:
Windows
(1)
Click Run… in the Windows Start menu.
(2)
Enter #
(3)
Click OK.
A window with the login prompt appears. You are now in the SNMP shell of your
device.
(4)
Continue with Logging in for Configuration on page 76.
$$ % $&'.
Unix
You can also set up a Telnet connection on UNIX and Linux without any problem:
(1)
Enter # $$ % $&' in a terminal.
A window with the login prompt appears. You are now in the SNMP shell of your
device.
(2)
Continue with Logging in for Configuration on page 76.
8.1.1.3 SSH
In addition to the unencrypted and potentially viewable Telnet session, you can also connect to your device via an SSH connection. This is encrypted, so all the remote maintenance options can be carried out securely.
The following preconditions must be met in order to connect to the device via SSH:
• The encryption keys needed for the process must be available on the device.
• An SSH client must be installed on your PC.
Encryption keys
First of all, make sure that the keys for encrypting the connection are available on your
device:
(1)
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Log in to one of the types already available on your device (e.g. via Telnet - for login
71
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
see Logging in on page 75).
(2)
Enter %$ for the input prompt. You are now in the Flash Management shell.
(3)
Call up a list of all the files saved on the device: .
If you see a display like the one below, the keys needed are already there and you can
connect to the device via SSH:
( !)! ( * +! , - *.'/ 01 0 112121
33 .14'1
*5 11 61 1121210 133 !$4!4 4"%
*5 11 1 1121210 133
!$4!4 4"
*5 111 061 1121210 13
30 !$4!4$ 4"%
*5 111 0 1121210 13
3 !$4!4$ 4"
( !)! Note
The device generates a key pair for each of the algorithms (RSA and DSA), i.e. two
files must be stored in the flash for each algorithm (see example at above).
If no keys are available, you have to generate these first. Proceed as follows:
72
(1)
Leave the Flash Management shell with ..
(2)
Call the Funkwerk Configuration Interface and log on to your device (see Calling
the Funkwerk Configuration Interface on page 79).
(3)
Make sure that $/& is selected as the language.
(4)
Check the key status in the System Management -> Administrative Access -> SSH
menu. If both keys are available, you will see the value in the two RSA
key Status and DSA key Status fields.
(5)
If one or both of these fields contains the value * , you must generate
the relevant key. To have the device generate the key, click Generate.
The device generates the key and stores it in the FlashROM. indicates
that generation was successful.
(6)
Make sure that both keys have been successfully generated. If necessary, repeat the
procedure described above.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
8 Access and configuration
Login via SSH
Proceed as follows to log in on your device via SSH:
If you have made sure that all the keys needed are available on the device, you have to
check whether an SSH client is installed on your PC. Most UNIX and Linux distributions install a SSH client by default. Additional software, e.g. PuTTY, usually has to be installed on
a Windows PC.
Proceed as follows to log in on your device via SSH:
UNIX
(1)
Enter ! # $$ ! $&' in a terminal.
The login prompt window appears. This is located in the SNMP shell of the device.
(2)
Continue with Logging in on page 75.
Windows
(1)
How an SSH connection is set up very much depends on the software used. Consult
the documentation for the program you are using.
As soon as you have connected to the device, the login prompt window will appear.
You are now in the SNMP shell of your gateway.
(2)
Continue with Logging in on page 75.
Note
PuTTY requires certain settings for a connection to a bintec device. The support
pages of http://www.funkwerk-ec.com include FAQs, which list the required settings.
8.1.2 Access via the Serial Interface
Each bintec gateway has a serial interface, with which a PC can be connected directly.
The following chapter describes what you have to remember when setting up a serial connection and what you can do to configure your device in this way.
Access via the serial interface is ideal if you are setting up an initial configuration of your
device and a LAN access is not possible via the pre-configured IP address
(192.168.0.254/255.255.255.0).
Windows
If you are using a Windows PC, you need a terminal program for the serial connection, e.g.
HyperTerminal. Make sure that HyperTerminal was also installed on the PC with the Win-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
73
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
dows installation. However, you can also use any other terminal program that can be set to
the corresponding parameters (see below).
Proceed as follows to access your device via the serial interface:
(1)
In the Windows Start menu, click Programs -> Accessories -> Communication ->
HyperTerminal -> Device on COM1 (or Device on COM2, if you use the COM2 port
of your PC) to start HyperTerminal.
(2)
Press Return (at least once) after the HyperTerminal window opens.
A window with the login prompt appears. You are now in the SNMP shell of your device.
You can now log in on your device and start the configuration.
Check
If the login prompt does not appear after you press Return several times, the connection to
your device has not been set up successfully.
Therefore, check the COM1 or COM2 settings on your PC.
(1)
Click on File ->Properties.
(2)
Click Configure in the Connect to tab.
The following settings are necessary:
- Bits per second: - Data bits: - Parity: ,
- Stopbits: - Flow control: ,
(3)
Enter the values and click OK.
(4)
Make the following settings in the Settings tab:
- Emulation: ;+
(5)
Click OK.
The changes to the terminal program settings do not take effect until you disconnect the
connection to your device and then make the connection again.
If you use HyperTerminal, there may be problems with displaying umlauts and other special
characters. If necessary, therefore, set HyperTerminal to 1
% instead of ;+
.
Unix
You will require a terminal program such as '% (on System V), (on BSD) or '
(on Linux). The settings for these programs correspond to those listed above.
74
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
8 Access and configuration
Example of a command line for using '%: '% 11 '2$&2)
Example of a command line for using : 11 2$&2)
8.1.3 Access over ISDN
All devices that have an ISDN interface can be accessed and configured from another
device via an ISDN call.
Access over ISDN with ISDN Login is especially recommended if your device is to be remotely configured or maintained. This is also possible even if your device is still in the ex
works state. Access is then obtained with the aid of a device that is already configured or a
PC with an ISDN card in the remote LAN. The device to be configured in your own LAN is
reached via a number of the ISDN connection (e.g. 1234). This enables the administrator in
the Remote LAN to configure your device remotely, for example.
Note
If you connect an unconfigured device to an ISDN connection in parallel to a PBX, the
PBX cannot take any calls until an ISDN number is configured on the device.
Access over ISDN costs money. If your device and your computer are in the LAN, it is
cheaper to access your device via the LAN or via the serial interface.
Your device in your LAN merely needs to be connected to the ISDN connection and
switched on.
To reach your device over ISDN Login, proceed as follows:
(1)
Connect your device to the ISDN.
(2)
Log in as administrator on your device in the remote LAN in the usual way.
(3)
In the SNMP shell, type in $ % ! #),- '' % $&', e.g. $ 6.
(4)
The login prompt appears. You are now in the SNMP shell of your device.
Continue with Logging in for Configuration on page 76.
8.2 Logging in
With certain access data, you can log in on your device and carry out different actions. The
extent of the actions available depend on the authorisations of the user concerned.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
75
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
A login prompt appears first, regardless of how you access your device. You cannot view
any information on the device or change the configuration without authentication.
8.2.1 User names and passwords in ex works state
In its ex works state, your device is provided with the following user names and passwords:
User names and passwords in ex works state
User Name Password
$
Authorisations
%"5" Read and change system variables, store configurations; use
Funkwerk Configuration Interface .
5
%'
Read and write system variables (except passwords) (changes
are lost when you switch off your device).
$
%'
Read system variables (except passwords).
It is only possible to change and save configurations if you log in with the user name $
. Access information (user names and passwords) can also only be changed if you log
in with the user name $. For security reasons, passwords are normally shown not in
plain text but only as asterisks. The user names, on the other hand, are displayed as plain
text.
The security concept of your device enables you to read all the other configuration settings
with the user name $, but not the access information. It is therefore impossible to log in
with $, read the password of the $ user and subsequently log in with $ and
make changes to the configuration.
Caution
All bintec devices are delivered with the same username and password. As long as
the password remains unchanged, they are therefore not protected against unauthorised use. How to change the passwords is described in Passwords on page 103.
Make sure you change the passwords to prevent unauthorised access to your device!
If you have forgotten your password, you must reset your device to the ex works state,
which means your configuration will be lost.
8.2.2 Logging in for Configuration
Set up a connection to the device. The access options are described in Access Options on
page 70.
76
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Funkwerk Configuration Interface
Log in via the HTML surface as follows:
(1)
Enter your user name in the User field of the input window.
(2)
Enter your password in the Password field of the input window and confirm with Return or click the Login button.
The status page of the Funkwerk Configuration Interface opens in the browser.
SNMP shell
Log into the SNMP shell as follows:
(1)
Enter your user name e.g. $, and confirm with Return.
(2)
Enter your user password e.g. %"5", and confirm with Return.
Your device logs in with the input prompt, e.g. 115%3. The login was successful. You
are now in the SNMP shell.
To leave the SNMP shell after completing the configuration, enter . and press Return.
8.3 Configuration options
This chapter first offers an overview of the various tools you can use for configuration of
your device.
You can configure your device in the following ways:
• Funkwerk Configuration Interface
• Assistant
• SNMP shell commands
The configuration options available to you depend on the type of connection to your device:
Types of connections and configurations
Type of connection
Possible types of configuration
LAN
Assistant, Funkwerk Configuration Interface , shell commands
Serial connection
Shell command
Therefore, several types of configuration are available for each type of connection.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
77
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Note
To change the device configuration, you must log in with the user name $. If you
do not know the password, you cannot make any configuration settings. This applies to
all types of configuration.
8.3.1 Funkwerk Configuration Interface
The Funkwerk Configuration Interface is a web-based graphic user surface that you can
use from any PC with an up-to-date web browser via an HTTP or HTTPS connection.
You can use the Funkwerk Configuration Interface to carry out all configuration tasks
easily. It is integrated in your device and is available in English. If required, other languages
can be downloaded from the download areaSoftware & Configuration on page 489 of
www.funkwerk-ec.com and installed on your device. To do this, proceed as described in .
The settings you make with the Funkwerk Configuration Interface are applied with the
OK or Apply button of the menu, and you do not have to restart the device.
If you finish the configuration and want to save your settings so that they are loaded as the
boot configuration when you reboot your device, save these by clicking the Save configuration button.
You can also use the Funkwerk Configuration Interface to monitor the most important
function parameters of your device.
78
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
8 Access and configuration
Fig. 32: Funkwerk Configuration Interface Initial Screen
8.3.1.1 Calling the Funkwerk Configuration Interface
(1)
Check whether the device is connected and switched on and that all the necessary
cables are correctly connected (see Setting up and connecting on page 6).
(2)
Check the settings of the PC from which you want to configure your device (see Configuring a PC on page 16).
(3)
Open a web browser.
(4)
Enter ,:99 in the address field of the web browser.
(5)
Enter in the User field and in the Password field and click LOGIN.
You are not in the status menu of your device's Funkwerk Configuration Interface (see
Status on page 98).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
79
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
8.3.1.2 Operating elements
Funkwerk Configuration Interface window
The Funkwerk Configuration Interface window is divided into three areas:
• The header
• The navigation bar
• The main configuration window
Fig. 33: Areas of the Funkwerk Configuration Interface
Header
Fig. 34: Funkwerk Configuration Interface header
Funkwerk Configuration Interface header
Menu
Function
Language selection: From the dropdown menu, select the language in which the Funkwerk Configuration Interface is to be
80
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
displayed. Here, you can select the language in which you want
to carry out the configuration. German and English are available.
View: Select the desired view from the dropdown menu. Standard and SNMP browsers can be selected.
Online Help: Click this button if you want help with the menu
now active. The description of the sub-menu where you are now
is displayed.
Logout: If you want to end the configuration, click this button to
log out of your device. A window is opened offering you the following options:
• Save configuration, backup previous boot configuration, then
exit.
• Save configuration, then exit.
• Exit without saving.
Navigation bar
Fig. 35: Save Configuration button
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
81
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 36: Menus
The Save Configuration button is found in the navigation bar.
If you save a current configuration, you can save this as the boot configuration or you can
also archive the previous boot configuration as a backup.
If you click the Save configuration button in the FCI, you will be asked "Do you really want
to save the current configuration as a boot configuration?"
You have the following two options:
• - %$
, i.e. save the current configuration as the boot configuration
• - %$
#%
, ,
& # %$
, i.e. save
the current configuration as the boot configuration and also archive the previous boot
configuration as a backup.
82
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
If you want to load the archived boot configuration into your device, go to Maintenance ->
Software & Configuration and select Action = <& =%
,. The archived backup
is used as the current boot configuration.
The navigation bar also contains the main configuration menus and their sub-menus.
Click the main menu you require. The corresponding sub-menu then opens.
If you click the sub-menu you want, the entry selected will be displayed in red. All the other
sub-menus will be closed. You can see at a glance the sub-menu you are in.
Status page
If you call the Funkwerk Configuration Interface , after you log in the status page of your
device is displayed. The most important data of your device can be seen on this at a
glance.
Main configuration window
The sub-menus generally contain several pages. These are called using the buttons at the
top of the main window. If you click a button, the window is opened with the basic parameters. You can extend this by clicking the Advanced Settings tab, which displays the additional options.
Configuration elements
The various actions that you can perform when configuring your device in the Funkwerk
Configuration are triggered by means of the following buttons:
Funkwerk Configuration Interface buttons
Button
Function
Updates the view.
If you do not want to save a newly configured list entry, cancel
this and any settings made by pressing Cancel.
Confirms the settings of a new entry and the parameter
changes in a list.
Immediately starts the configured action.
Calls the the sub-menu to create a new entry.
Inserts an entry in an internal list.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
83
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Funkwerk Configuration Interface buttons for special functions
Button
Function
In the Access Point Search menu, you use this button to start
automatic detection of all the access points available and connected by Ethernet in the network.
In the System Management -> Certificates -> Certificates
and the System Management -> Certificates -> CRLs menus,
this button opens the sub-menus for configuring the certificates
or CRL imports.
In the System Management-> Certificates -> Certificates
menu, this button opens the sub-menu for the configuration of
the certificate request.
In the Surveillance -> ISDN/Modem -> Current Calls menu,
clicking on this button ends the active calls selected in the
.
column
Various icons indicate the following possible actions or statuses:
Funkwerk Configuration Interface icons
Icon
Function
Deletes the list entry.
Displays the menu for changing the settings of an entry.
Displays the details for an entry.
Moves an entry. A combo box opens in which you can choose
the list entry that selected entry is to be be placed in front of/
after.
Creates another list entry first and opens the configuration
menu.
Sets the status of the entry to % .
Sets the status of the entry to 1%.
Indicates "Dormant" status for an interface or connection.
Indicates "Up" status for an interface or connection.
Indicates "Down" status for an interface or connection.
Indicates "Blocked" status for an interface or connection.
84
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Icon
Function
Indicates "Going up" status for an interface or connection.
Indicates that data traffic is encrypted.
Triggers a WLAN bandscan.
Displays the next page in a list.
Displays the previous page in a list.
You can select the following operating functions in the list view:
Funkwerk Configuration Interface list options
Menu
Function
Update Interval
Here you can set the interval in which the view is to be updated.
To do this, enter a period in seconds in the input field and con.
firm it with
Filter
You can have the list entries filtered and displayed according to
certain criteria.
You can determine the number of entries displayed per page by
entering the required number in View x per Page.
Use the
and
buttons to scroll one page forward and one
page back.
You can filter according to certain keywords within the configuration parameters by selecting the filter rule you want under Filter in x <Option> y and entering the search word in the input
field.
starts the filter operation.
Configuration elements
Some lists contain configuration elements.
You can therefore change the configuration of the corresponding list entry directly in the list.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
85
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 37: Configuration of the update interval
Fig. 38: Filter list
Structure of the Funkwerk Configuration Interface configuration menus
The menus of the Funkwerk Configuration Interface contain the following basic structures:
Funkwerk Configuration Interface menu structure
Menu
Function
Basic configuration
menu/list
When you select a menu from the navigation bar, the menu of
basic parameters is displayed first. In a sub-menu containing
several pages, the menu containing the basic parameters is displayed on the first page.
The menu contains either a list of all the configured entries or
the basic settings for the function concerned.
Sub-menu
The New button is available in each menu in which a list of all
the configured entries is displayed. Click the button to display
the configuration menu for creating a new list entry.
Sub-menu
Click this button to process the existing list entry. You go to the
configuration menu.
Menu
Click this tab to display extended configuration options.
The following options are available for the configuration:
Funkwerk Configuration Interface configuration elements
Menu
Function
Input fields
e.g. empty text field
Text field with hidden input
Enter the data.
Radio buttons
86
e.g.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
Select the corresponding option.
Checkboxes
e.g. activation by selecting checkbox
Selection of several possible options
Dropdown menus
e.g.
Click the arrow to open the list. Select the required option using
the mouse.
Internal lists
e.g.
Click
. A new list entry is created. Enter the correspond-
ing data. If list input fields remain empty, these are not saved
when you confirm with OK. Delete the entries by clicking the
icon.
Display of options that are not available
Options that are not available because they depend on the selection of other options are
generally hidden. If the display of these options could be helpful for a configuration decision, they are instead greyed out and cannot be selected.
Important
Please look at the messages displayed in the sub-menus. These provide information
on any incorrect configurations.
Warning symbols
Icon
Meaning
This symbol appears in messages referring you to settings
that were made with the Setup Tool.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
87
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Icon
Meaning
This symbol appears in messages referring you to the fact
that values were entered or selected incorrectly.
Pay particular attention to the following message:
"Warning: Changes not supported by the Setup Tool!" If you makes these changes
with the Funkwerk Configuration Interface , this can cause inconsistencies or malfunctions. Therefore, it is recommended that the configuration is continued with the
Setup Tool.
8.3.1.3 Funkwerk Configuration Interface menus
The configuration options of your device are contained in the sub-menus, which are displayed in the navigation bar in the left-hand part of the window.
Note
Please note that not all devices have the full range of functions. Check the software of
your device on the corresponding product page under www.funkwerk-ec.com .
The Funkwerk Configuration Interface contains the following menus:
Assistants
Menu
Function
First steps
In this menu you can make the basic settings that are required
to add your gateway to your local network (LAN).
Internet access
The wizard guides you through the individual configuration
steps to connect your local network (LAN) to the internet.
VPN
In this menu you are guided through all of the settings that are
required to set up your LAN-LAN connection as a virtual private
network.
Wireless LAN
Wireless LAN involves the set-up of a network using wireless
technology.
VoIP PBX in the LAN
The assistant is required, e.g. for specific PBX in the LAN, such
as Hybird in order to guarantee SIP compatibility. To do this,
external communication is carried out over a single IP address
and NAT is realised as full-cone NAT.
System Management
88
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
Status
In this menu, general information on your device is displayed at
a glance.
This information includes serial number, software version, current memory and processor use, status of the physical interfaces and the last 10 system messages.
Global Settings
In this menu, you enter the basic system settings of your device,
such as, for example, system name, system date, system time
and passwords.
You can also manage licences that are necessary for the use of
certain functions.
Interface Mode / Bridge In this menu, you define the mode in which the interfaces of
Groups
your device are to run (routing or bridging) and if necessary can
define bridge groups.
Administrative Access In this menu, you configure the access options for the individual
interfaces.
Remote Authentication In this menu, you configure the authentication via a RADIUS
server or TACAS+ server.
Certificates
In this menu you can generate and import keys and have them
certified.
Physical Interfaces
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Menu
Function
AUX
You can define various settings for communication between the
gateway and modem in this menu.
Ethernet Ports
In this menu, you configure the Ethernet interfaces of your
device. To do this, you select the speed and type of interface,
for example.
ISDN Ports
In this menu, you configure the ISDN interface of your device.
Here you enter data such as the type of ISDN connection to
which your device is connected.
ADSL Modem
Only R3000 and R3000w.
89
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
In this menu, you configure the ADSL interface of your device.
Here you specify whether Annex A or Annex B is used as ADSL
mode for the broadband connection.
SHDSL
Only R3400 and R3800w.
In this menu, you configure the SHDSL interface of your device.
Here you enter how many change pairs are used for the SHDSL
connection.
Serial ports
Only R4300.
In this menu you can configure the serial WAN interface(s) for
your device, i.e. one or two integrated X.21/V.35 interfaces depending on the licence. Here you enter which clock rate is used
for the connection.
UMTS
Only R1200wu.
In this menu, you configure the CardBus interface of your
device. Here you specify that UMTS is enabled.
LAN
Menu
Function
IP configuration
In this menu, you carry out the IP configuration of the LAN interfaces for your device.
VLAN
In this menu, you configure the VLANs.
Wireless LAN (only bintec R1200w, R1200wu and R3000w)
Menu
Function
WLAN
In this menu, you configure your wireless modules as an access
point or as an access client.
Administration
In this menu, you make the basic WLAN settings.
Routing
90
Menu
Function
Routes
In this menu, you enter additional routes.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
NAT
In this menu, you configure the NAT firewall (NAT, Network Address Translation).
RIP
In this menu, you configure the dynamic updating of the routing
table via RIP.
Load Balancing
In this menu, you configure application-controlled bandwidth
management.
Multicast
In this menu, you configure the use of multimedia streaming
protocols for e.g. voice over IP or video and audio streaming
(e.g. IPTV or Webradio) or TriplePlay (voice, video, data).
QoS
In this menu, you configure all the "Quality of Service" settings.
WAN
Menu
Function
Internet + Dialup
In this menu, you define the Internet connections for the various
connection protocols or dialup connections.
ATM
In this menu, you carry out configuration of the ATM profiles that
are needed for all the ADSL connections and also connection
monitoring (OAM) and ATM QoS.
Leased Line
In this menu, the permanent connections of two communication
partners are displayed.
Real Time Jitter Control
In this menu, you can set the upstream speed.
VPN
Menu
Function
IPSec
In this menu, you configure VPN connections over IPSec.
L2TP
In this menu you configure the use of L2TP (Layer 2 Tunnelling
Protocol).
PPTP
In this menu, you configure the an encrypted PPTP tunnel.
GRE
This menu shows a list of all configured GRE tunnels.
Firewall
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
91
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
Policies
In this menu you configure the filter rules for the firewall.
Interfaces
In this menu, you can group together the interfaces to be
filtered.
Addresses
In this menu, you can create the address aliases to be filtered.
Services
In this menu, you can create the service aliases to be filtered.
VoIP
Menu
Function
Application Level
Gateway
In this menu, you configure a proxy for IP telephony, which implements the necessary NAT and firewall releases for connection to the VoIP provider.
Media Gateway
In this menu, you configure a network transition between various telecommunication networks.
Local Services
92
Menu
Function
DNS
In this menu, you configure the name resolution.
HTTPS
In this menu, you configure the port and certificate for a configuration session over HTTPS.
DynDNS Client
In this menu, you configure the dynamic name resolution.
DHCP Server
In this menu, you configure your device as a DHCP server.
Web Filter
In this menu, you configure the use of the URL-based Proventia
Web Filter from ISS (www.iss.net).
CAPI Server
In this menu, you configure your device as a CAPI server.
Scheduling
In this menu, you configure time-dependent standard actions of
your devices.
Surveillance
In this menu, you configure the surveillance of interfaces or
hosts in the network.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
ISDN Theft Protection
In this menu you can configure the ISDN theft protection function for each interface.
Funkwerk Discovery
In this menu, you can configure management functions for
bintec Access Point.
UPnP
In this menu, you configure the UPnP settings individually for
each interface of your gateway.
Hotspot Gateway
In this menu, you configure the bintec Hotspot Gateway.
BRRP
In this menu, you can configure a redundant network environment.
Maintenance
Menu
Function
Diagnostics
In this menu you can test the accessibility of hosts, DNS servers
or routing.
Software & Configuration
In this menu, you can manage your device's configuration files.
You can save them either locally on your device or on your
computer, for example.
You can also start an update of the system software.
Reboot
In this menu, you can initiate the rebooting of the device.
External Reporting
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Menu
Function
Syslog
In this menu, you configure the host to which the data logged internally on the device is forwarded for saving and further processing.
IP Accounting
In this menu, you decide for which interfaces accounting messages are to be generated.
E-mail Alert
Depending on the configuration, in this menu e-mails are sent to
the administrator as soon as relevant syslog messages occur.
SNMP
In this menu, you configure whether the device is to listen for
external SNMP accesses and send SNMP traps.
Activity Monitor
In this menu, you configure the surveillance of your device with
93
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Menu
Function
the Windows Tool Activity Monitor (component of BRICKware
for Windows).
Monitoring
Menu
Function
Internal Log
In this menu, the system messages are displayed.
IPSec
In this menu, the IPSec connections and connection statistics
that are currently active are displayed.
ISDN/Modem
In this menu, the ISDN connections are displayed.
Interfaces
In this menu, connection statistics and status of all interfaces
are displayed.
WLAN
This menu shows you the WLAN connections statistics.
Bridges
In this menu you can view the current values of the configured
bridges.
Hotspot Gateway
This menu shows a list of all bintec Hotspot users.
QoS
In this menu, statistics are displayed for all interfaces for which
QoS has been configured.
SNMP Browser
If you select the -*( =& under View in the header, you will see an HTML view of
all internal system MIB tables and can modify the saved values. This view is only provided
for professional configuration and extended monitoring.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a protocol that allows access for configuring your device. All configuration parameters are stored in the MIB (Management Information Base) in the form of MIB tables and MIB variables. You can read and modify these
directly via the SNMP browser.
Caution
This configuration method assumes an in-depth system knowledge of Funkwerk
devices!
94
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
8 Access and configuration
8.3.2 SNMP shell
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a protocol that defines how you can access the configuration settings.
All configuration settings are stored in the MIB (Management Information Base) in the form
of MIB tables and MIB variables. You can access these directly from the SNMP shell via
SNMP commands. This type of configuration requires a detailed knowledge of our devices.
8.4 BOOTmonitor
The BOOTmonitor is only available over a serial connection to the device.
The BOOTmonitor provides the following functions, which you select by entering the corresponding number:
(1)
Boot System (reboot the system):
The device loads the compressed boot file from the flash memory to the working
memory. This happens automatically on starting.
(2)
Software Update via TFTP:
The devices performs a software update via a TFTP server.
(3)
Software Update via XMODEM:
The device performs a software update via a serial interface with XMODEM.
(4)
Delete configuration:
The device is reset to the ex works state. All configuration files are deleted and the
BOOTmonitor settings are set to the default values.
(5)
Default BOOTmonitor Parameters:
You can change the default settings of the BOOTmonitor of the device, e.g. the
baud rate for serial connections.
(6)
Show System Information:
Shows useful information about your device, e.g. serial number, MAC Address and
software versions.
The BOOTmonitor is started as follows.
The devices passes through various functional states when starting:
• Start Mode
• BOOTmonitor mode
• Normal mode
After some self-tests have been successfully carried out in the start mode, your device
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
95
8 Access and configuration
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
reaches the BOOTmonitor mode. The BOOTmonitor prompt is displayed if you are serially
connected to your device.
After display of the BOOTmonitor prompt, press the space bar within four seconds to use
the functions of the BOOTmonitor. If you do not make an entry within four seconds, the
device changes back to normal operating mode.
Note
If you change the baud rate (the preset value is 9600 baud), make sure the terminal
program used also uses this baud rate. If this is not the case, you will not be able to
establish a serial connection to the device.
96
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
9 Assistants
Chapter 9 Assistants
The Wizards menu offers step-by-step instructions for the following basic configuration
tasks:
• First steps
• Internet access
• VPN
• Wireless LAN
• SWYX (only with active optional DSP module)
• VoIP PBX in the LAN
Choose the corresponding task from the navigation bar and follow the instructions and explanations on the separate pages of the Assistant.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
97
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 10 System Management
The System Management menu contains general system information and settings.
You see a system status overview. Global system parameters such as the system name,
date/time, passwords and licences are managed and the access and authentication methods are configured.
10.1 Status
If you log into the Funkwerk Configuration Interface , your device's status page is displayed, which shows the most important system information.
You see an overview of the following data:
• System status
• Your device's activities: Resource utilisation, active sessions and tunnels
• Status and basic configuration of the LAN, WAN, ISDN, WLAN, and ADSL interfaces
• Information on plugged add-on modules (if any)
• The last 10 system messages
You can customise the update interval of the status page by entering the desired period in
seconds as Automatic Update Interval and clicking on the Apply-button.
Caution
Under Automatic Refresh Interval do not enter a value of less than seconds, otherwise the refresh interval of the screen will be too short to make further changes!
98
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 40: System Management -> Status
The System Management -> Status menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Status System Information menu
Field
Value
Uptime
Displays the time past since the device was rebooted.
System Date
Displays the current system date and system time.
Serial Number
Displays the device serial number.
BOSS Version
Displays the currently loaded version of the system software.
Fields in the Status Resource Information menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Value
CPU Usage
Displays the CPU usage as a percentage.
Memory Usage
Displays the usage of the working memory in MByte in relation
to the available total working memory in MByte. The usage is
also displayed in brackets as a percentage.
99
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
ISDN Usage Internal
Shows the number of active B channels and the maximum number of available B channels for internal connections.
ISDN Usage External
Shows the number of active B channels and the maximum number of available B channels for external connections.
Active Sessions (SIF,
RTP, etc... )
Displays the total of all SIF, TDRC, and IP load balancing sessions.
Active IPSec Tunnels
Displays the number of currently active IPSec tunnels in relation
to the number of configured IPSec tunnels.
Fields in the Status Module menu
Field
Value
DSP Module
Shows the type of plugged DSP module if any. An acquired fax
licence, if any, can be displayed.
Other fields in the menu Status
Field
Value
Physical Interface - Interface Specifics - Link
The physical interfaces are listed here and their most important
settings are shown. The system also displays whether the interface is connected or active.
Interface specifics for Ethernet interfaces:
• IP Address
• Netmask
Interface specifics for serial/ISDN interfaces:
• Configured
• Not configured
Interface specifics for xDSL interfaces:
• Downstream/Upstream Line Speed
Interface Specifics for WLAN Interfaces:
Access Point Mode:
• Operation Mode: Access Point or Off
• The channel used on this wireless module
• Number of connected clients
100
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
• Number of WDS links
• Software version of the wireless card
Access Client Mode:
• Operation Mode: Access Client or Off
• The channel used on this wireless module
• Software version of the wireless card
Recent System Logs
Displays the last 10 system messages.
10.2 Global Settings
The basic system parameters are managed in the Global Settings menu.
10.2.1 System
The System Management -> Global Settings -> System menu is used for entering the
basic system data of your device.
Fig. 41: System Management -> Global Settings -> System
The System Management -> Global Settings -> System menu consists of the following
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
101
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
fields:
Fields in the System Basic Parameters menu
Field
Value
System Name
Enter the system name of your device. This is also used as the
PPP host name.
A character string of up to 255 characters is possible.
The device type is entered as the default value.
Location
Enter the location of your device.
Contact
Enter the relevant contact person. Here you can enter the email address of the system administrator, for example.
A character string of up to 255 characters is possible.
The default value is 75*20<2.
Maximum Number of
Syslog Entries
Enter the maximum number of syslog messages that are stored
internally in the device.
Possible values are to .
The default value is . You can view the stored messages in
Monitoring -> Internal Log.
Maximum Message
Level of Syslog Entries
Select the priority of system messages above which a log
should be created.
System messages are only recorded internally if they have a
higher or identical priority to that indicated, i.e. all messages
generated are recorded at syslog level #
$.
Possible values:
• $%): Only messages with emergency priority are recorded.
• 1/: Messages with emergency and alert priority are recorded.
• 6%/: Messages with emergency, alert and critical priority are recorded.
• &: Messages with emergency, alert, critical and error
102
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
priority are recorded.
• 0$: Messages with emergency, alert, critical, error and
warning priority are recorded.
• *%: Messages with emergency, alert, critical, error,
warning and notice priority are recorded.
• (default value) Messages with emergency,
alert, critical, error, warning, notice and information priority are
recorded.
• 3#
$: All messages are recorded.
Maximum Number of Ac- Enter the maximum number of accounting entries that are
counting Log Entries
stored internally in the device.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
10.2.2 Passwords
Setting the passwords is another basic system setting.
Fig. 42: System Administration -> Global Settings -> Passwords
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
103
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Note
All bintec devices are delivered with the same username and password. As long as
the password remains unchanged, they are not protected against unauthorised use.
Make sure you change the passwords to prevent unauthorised access to the device
If the password is not changed, under System Administration-> Status appears the
warning: "System password not changed!"
The System Management -> Global Settings -> Passwords menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Passwords System Password menu
Field
Value
System Admin Password
Enter the password for the user name $.
Confirm Admin Password
Confirm the password by entering it again.
This password is also used with SNMPv3 for authentication
(MD5) and encryption (DES).
Fields in the Passwords SNMP Communities menu
Field
Value
SNMP Read Community Enter the password for the user name $.
SNMP Write Community Enter the password for the user name 5.
Fields in the Passwords Global Password Options menu
Field
Value
Show passwords and
keys in clear text
Define whether the passwords are to be displayed in clear text
(plain text).
The function is activated with -.
The function is disabled by default.
If you activate the function, all passwords and keys in all menus
are displayed and can be edited in plain text.
The WLAN and IPSec keys are one exception here. They can
only be entered in plain text. If you press OK or call the menu
again, they are displayed as asterisks.
104
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
10 System Management
10.2.3 Date and Time
You need the system time for tasks such as correct timestamps for system messages, accounting or IPSec certificates.
Fig. 43: System Administration -> Global Settings -> Date and Time
You have the following options for determining the system time (local time):
ISDN/Manual
The system time is updated via ISDN, i.e. the date and time are taken from the ISDN when
the first outgoing call is made, or is set manually on the device.
If the correct location of the device (country/city) is set for the System Time Zone, switching from summer time to winter time (and back) is automatic. This is independent of the exchange time or the ntp server time. Summer time starts on the last Sunday in March by
switching from 2 a.m. to 3 a.m. The calendar-related or schedule-related switches that are
scheduled for the missing hour are then carried out. Winter time starts on the last Sunday
in October by switching from 3 a.m. to 2 a.m. The calendar-related or schedule-related
switches that are scheduled for the additional hour are then carried out.
If a value other than Universal Time Coordinated (UTC), option 5+6>!?, has been chosen
for the System Time Zone, the switch from summer to winter time must be carried out
manually when required.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
105
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Time server
You can obtain the system time automatically, e.g. using various time servers. To ensure
that the device uses the desired current time, you should configure one or more time servers. Switching from summer time to winter time (and back) must be carried out manually if
the time is derived using this method by changing the value in the System Time Zone field
with an option UTC+ or UTC-.
Note
If a method for automatically deriving the time is defined on the device, the values obtained in this way automatically have higher priority. A manually entered system time is
therefore overwritten.
The System Management -> Global Settings -> Date and Time menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Date and Time Basic Settings menu
Field
Description
Time Zone
Select the time zone in which your device is installed.
You can select Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) plus or
minus the deviation in hours or a predefined location, e.g.
,9=/.
Current Local Time
The current date and current system time are shown here. The
entry cannot be changed.
Fields in the Date and Time Manual Time Settings menu
Field
Description
Set Date
Enter a new date.
Format:
• Day: dd
• Month: mm
• Year: yyyy
Set Time
Enter a new time.
Format:
106
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• Hour: hh
• Minute: mm
Fields in the Date and Time Automatic Time Settings (Time Protocol) menu
Field
Description
ISDN Timeserver
Define whether the time information received at an incoming
ISDN connection is used to update the system time. If a time
server is configured, the time is only determined over ISDN until
a successful update is received from this time server. Updating
over ISDN is deactivated for the period in which the time is determined by means of a time server.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
First Timeserver
Enter the primary time server, using either a domain name or an
IP address.
In addition, select the protocol for the time server request.
Possible values:
• -*+ (default value): This server uses the simple network
time protocol with UDP port 123.
• + -% 9 53: This server uses the Time service
with UDP port 37.
• + -% 9 +6: This server uses the Time service
with TCP port 37.
• *: This time server is not currently used for the time request.
Second Timeserver
Enter the secondary time server, using either a domain name or
an IP address.
In addition, select the protocol for the time server request.
Possible values:
• -*+ (default value): This server uses the simple network
time protocol with UDP port 123.
• + -% 9 53: This server uses the Time service
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
107
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
with UDP port 37.
• + -% 9 +6: This server uses the Time service
with TCP port 37.
• *: This time server is not currently used for the time request.
Third Timeserver
Enter the tertiary time server, using either a domain name or an
IP address.
In addition, select the protocol for the time server request.
Possible values:
• -*+ (default value): This server uses the simple network
time protocol with UDP port 123.
• + -% 9 53: This server uses the Time service
with UDP port 37.
• + -% 9 +6: This server uses the Time service
with TCP port 37.
• *: This time server is not currently used for the time request.
Time Update Interval
Enter the time interval in minutes at which the time is automatically updated.
The default value is .
Time Update Policy
Enter the time period after which the system attempts to contact
the time server again following a failed time update.
Possible values:
• */ (default value): The system attempts to contact the
time server after 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 minutes.
• 1$$&&: For ten minutes, the system attempts to contact the time server after 1, 2, 4, 8 seconds and then every 10
seconds.
• /&&: For an unlimited period, the system attempts to
contact the time server after 1, 2, 4, 8 seconds and then every
10 seconds.
If certificates are used to encrypt data traffic in a VPN, it is ex-
108
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
tremely important that the correct time is set on the device. To
ensure this is the case, for Time Update Policy, select the
value /&&.
Internal Timeserver
Select whether the internal timeserver is to be used.
The function is activated by choosing #/. Time requests
from a client will be answered with the current system time. This
is given as GMT, without offset.
The function is disabled by default. Time requests from a client
are not answered.
10.2.4 System Licences
This chapter describes how to activate the functions of the software licences you have purchased.
The following licence types exist:
• Licences already available in the device's ex works state
• Free extra licences
• Extra licences at additional cost
The data sheet for your device tells you which licences are available in the device's ex
works state and which can also be obtained free of charge or at additional cost. You can
access this data sheet at www.funkwerk-ec.com .
Entering licence data
You can obtain the licence data for extra licences via the online licensing pages in the support section at www.funkwerk-ec.com . Please follow the online licensing instructions.
(Please also note the information on the licence card for licences at additional cost.) You
will then receive an e-mail containing the following data:
• License Key and
• Licence Serial Number
You enter this data in the System Management -> Global Settings -> System Licenses > New menu.
In the System Management -> Global Settings -> System Licenses menu, a list of all registered licenses is shown (Description, License Type, License Serial Number, Status).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
109
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Possible values for Status:
Licence
Meaning
OK
Subsystem is activated.
Not OK
Subsystem is not activated.
Not supported
You have entered a licence for a subsystem your device does
not support.
In addition, above the list is shown the System License-ID required for on-line licensing.
Note
To restore the standard licences for a device, click the Default Licences (standard licences) button.
10.2.4.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to add licences.
Fig. 44: System Management -> Global Settings -> System Licenses -> New
Activating extra licences
You activate extra licences by adding the received licence information in the System Man-
110
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
agement -> Global Settings -> System Licenses -> New menu.
The System Management -> Global Settings -> System Licences -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the System Licences Basic Settings menu
Field
Value
Licence Serial Number
Enter the licence serial number you received when you bought
the licence.
Licence Key
Enter the licence key you received by e-mail.
Note
If * @2 is displayed as the status:
• Enter the licence data again.
• Check your hardware serial number.
If * -
,, is displayed as the status, you have entered a license for a subsystem that your device does not support. This means you cannot use the functions of
this licence.
Deactivating a licence
Proceed as follows to deactivate a licence:
(1)
Go to System Management -> Global Settings -> System Licenses.
(2)
Press the
(3)
Confirm with OK.
icon in the line containing the licence you want to delete.
The licence is deactivated. You can reactivate your additional licence at any time by entering the valid licence key and licence serial number.
10.3 Interface Mode / Bridge Groups
In this menu, you define the operation mode for your device's interfaces.
Routing versus bridging
Bridging connects networks of the same type. In contrast to routing, bridges operate at layer 2 of the OSI model (data link layer), are independent of higher-level protocols and transmit data packets using MAC addresses. Data transmission is transparent, which means the
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
111
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
information contained in the data packets is not interpreted.
With routing, different networks are connected at layer 3 (network layer) of the OSI model
and information is routed from one network to the other.
Conventions for port/interface names
If your device has a radio port, it receives the interface name WLAN. If there are several radio modules, the names of wireless ports in the user interface of your device are made up
of the following parts:
(a) WLAN
(b) Number of the physical port (1 or 2)
Example: 041*
The name of the Ethernet port is made up of the following parts:
(a) ETH, where en stands for Ethernet
(b) Number of the port
Example: +8
The names of the interfaces connected to an Ethernet port are made up of the following
parts:
(a) Abbreviation for interface type
(b) Number of the Ethernet port
(c) Number of the interface
Example: ! (first interface on the first Ethernet port)
The name of the bridge group is made up of the following parts:
(a) Abbreviation for interface type
(b) Number of the bridge group
Example: # (first bridge group)
The name of the wireless network is made up of the following parts:
(a) Abbreviation for interface type
(b) Number of the wireless module
(c) Number of the interface
Example: &&! (first wireless network on the first wireless module)
112
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
10 System Management
The name of the WDS link or bridge link is made up of the following parts:
(a) Abbreviation for interface type
(b) Number of the wireless module on which the WDS link or bridge link is configured
(c) Number of the WDS link or bridge link
Example: &! (first WDS link or bridge link on the first wireless module)
The name of the client link is made up of the following parts:
(a) Abbreviation for interface type
(b) Number of the wireless module on which the client link is configured
(c) Number of the client link
Example: &! (first client link on the first wireless module)
The names of the virtual interfaces connected to an Ethernet port are made up of the following parts:
(a) Abbreviation for interface type
(b) Number of the Ethernet port
(c) Number of the interface connected to the Ethernet port
(d) Number of the virtual interface
Example: !! (first virtual interface based on the first interface on the first Ethernet
port)
10.3.1 Interfaces
You define separately whether each interface is to operate in routing or bridging mode.
If you want to set bridging mode, you can either use existing bridge groups or create a new
bridge group.
The default setting for all existing interfaces is routing mode. On selecting the * =$
, option for Mode / Bridge Group, a bridge group, i.e. # , # etc., is automatically created and the interface is run in bridging mode.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
113
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 45: System Management -> Interface Mode / Bridge Groups -> Interfaces
The System Management -> Interface Mode / Bridge Groups -> Interfaces menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Interfaces menu
Field
#
Interface Description
Mode / Bridge Group
Configuration Interface
Description
Shows the serial number of the interface.
Displays the name of the interface.
Select whether you want to run the interface in <
$ (
or whether you want to assign the interface to an existing ( #,
# etc.) or new bridge group ( * =$ ,). If you
select * =$ ,, a new bridge group is created
automatically when you click OK.
Select the interface via which the configuration is to be carried
out.
Possible values:
• -/% (default value): Ex works setting The right configuration interface must be selected from the other options.
• $ : No interface is defined as configuration interface.
• A% B: Select the interface to be used for configuration. If this interface is in a bridge group, it is assigned
114
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
the group's IP address when it is taken out of the group.
10.3.1.1 <stax-x> Edit
Click the
icon to edit additional settings for WLAN clients in bridge mode (so-called
MAC bridge).
Fig. 46: System Management -> Global Settings -> Interface Mode / Bridge Groups ->
Edit
You can realise bridging for devices behind access clients with the MAC Bridge function. In
wildcard mode you cannot define how Unicast non-IP frames or non-ARP frames are processed. To use the MAC bridge function, you must carry out configuration steps in several
menus.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
(1)
Select the Funkwerk Configuration Interface menu Wireless LAN -> WLANx ->
Radio Settings.
(2)
Set Operation Mode to 1%%&& 6/ and save the settings with OK.
(3)
Select the menu options System Management -> Interface Mode / Bridge Groups > Interfaces. The additional interface sta1-0 is displayed.
(4)
For interface sta1-0 select Mode / Bridge Group = # and Configuration Interface
= ! and save the settings with OK.
(5)
Click the Save Configuration button to save all of the configuration settings. You can
use the MAC Bridge.
115
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The System Management -> Interface Mode / Bridge Groups -> Edit menu consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the <stax-x> Layer 2.5 Option menu
Field
Value
Interface
Shows the interface that is being edited.
Wildcard Mode
Select the Wildcard mode you want to use on the interface.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Wildcard mode is not used.
• -%: With this setting, you must enter the MAC Address
of a device that is connected over IP under Wildcard MAC
Address. Each packet without IP and without ARP is forwarded to this device. This occurs even when the device is no
longer connected.
• 7&: If you choose this setting the MAC Address of the first
non-IP unicast frame or non-ARP unicast frame, which occurs
on any of the Ethernet interfaces, is used as the wildcard
MAC address. This wildcard MAC Address can only be reset
by rebooting the device or by selecting another wildcard
mode.
• 4&: If you choose this setting the internal WLAN MAC Address is used to establish a connection to the access point. As
soon as a non-IP unicast frame or non-ARP unicast frame appears, it is forwarded to the MAC Address from which the last
non-IP unicast frame or non-ARP unicast frame was received
on the Ethernet interface of the device. This wildcard MAC
Address is renewed with each non-IP unicast frame or nonARP unicast frame.
Wildcard MAC Address
Only for Wildcard Mode = -%
Enter the MAC Address of a device that is connected over IP.
Transparent MAC Address
Only for Wildcard Mode = -%, 7&
Choose whether or not the Wildcard MAC Address is used in
addition to the WLAN MAC Address to establish the connection
to the access point.
The function is activated with #/.
116
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
The function is disabled by default.
10.4 Administrative Access
In this menu, you can configure the administrative access to the device.
10.4.1 Access
In the Administrative Access -> Access menu, a list of all IP-configurable interfaces is
shown.
Fig. 47: System Management -> Administrative Access -> Access
For the Ethernet interface you can select the access parameters +/, --8, 8++, 8+!
+, $, -*(, and for the ISDN interfaces you can select -3* 4$.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
117
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
10.4.1.1 Add
Press the Add button to configure administrative access for additional interfaces.
Fig. 48: System Management -> Administrative Access -> Access -> Add
The System Management -> Administrative Access -> Access -> Add menu consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the Access menu
Field
Description
Interface
Select the interface for which administrative access is to be configured.
10.4.2 SSH
Your devices offers encrypted access to the shell. You can enable ( enabled, default value)
or disable this access in the System Management -> Administrative Access -> SSH
menu and have access to the options for configuration of the SSH login.
118
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 49: System Management -> Administrative Access -> SSH
You need an SSH client application, e.g. PuTTY, to be able to reach the SSH Daemon.
If you wish to use SSH Login together with the PuTTY client, you may need to comply with
some special configuration requirements, for which we have prepared FAQs. You will find
these in the Service/Support section at www.funkwerk-ec.com .
To be able to reach the shell of your device via an SSH client, make sure the settings for
the SSH Daemon and SSH client are the same.
Note
If configuration of an SSH connection is not possible, restart the device to initialise the
SSH Daemon correctly.
The System Management -> Administrative Access -> SSH menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the SSH SSH (Secure Shell) Parameters menu
Field
Value
SSH service active
Select whether the SSH Daemon is to be enabled for the interface.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
119
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
The function is enabled by default.
Compression
Select whether data compression should be used.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
TCP Keepalives
Select whether the device is to send keepalive packets.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Logging Level
Select the syslog level for the syslog messages generated by
the SSH Daemon.
Possible settings:
• (default value) Fatal and simple errors of the
SSH Daemon and information messages are recorded.
• 7/: Only fatal errors of the SSH Daemon are recorded.
• &: Fatal and simple errors of the SSH Daemon are recorded.
• 3#
$: All messages are recorded.
Fields in the SSH Authentication and Encryption Parameters menu
Field
Value
Encryption Algorithms
Select the algorithms that are to be used to encrypt the SSH
connection.
Possible options:
• '3• =/&
• 1-!
• 1-!
'3-, =/& and 1-! and are enabled by default.
Hashing Algorithms
120
Select the algorithms that are to be available for message authentication of the SSH connection.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
Possible options:
• (3
• -81!
• <,(3
(3, -81! and <,(3 are enabled by default.
Fields in the SSH Key Status menu
Field
Value
RSA Key Status
Shows the status of the RSA key.
If an RSA key has not been generated yet, * is
displayed in red and a link, , is provided. If you select
the link, the generation process is triggered and the view is updated. The status $ is displayed in green. When
generation has been completed successfully, the status
changes from $ to . If an error occurs
during generated, * and the link are
displayed again. You can then repeat generation.
If the status 5 is displayed, generation of a key is not
possible, for example because there is not enough space in the
FlashROM.
DSA Key Status
Shows the status of the DSA key.
If a DSA key has not been generated yet, * is
displayed in red and a link, , is provided. If you select
the link, the generation process is triggered and the view is updated. The status $ is displayed in green. When
generation has been completed successfully, the status
changes from $ to . If an error occurs
during generated, * and the link are
displayed again. You can then repeat generation.
If the status 5 is displayed, generation of a key is not
possible, for example because there is not enough space in the
FlashROM.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
121
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
10.4.3 SNMP
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a network protocol used to monitor and
control network elements (e.g. routers, servers, switches, printers, computers etc.) from a
central station. SNMP controls communication between the monitored devices and monitoring station. The protocol describes the structure of the data packets that can be transmitted, as well as the communication process.
The data objects queried via SNMP are structured in tables and variables and defined in
the MIB (Management Information Base). This contains all the configuration and status
variables of the device.
SNMP can be used to perform the following network management tasks:
• Surveillance of network components
• Remote controlling and configuration of network components
• Error detection and notification
You use this menu to configure the use of SNMP.
Fig. 50: System Management -> Administrative Access -> SNMP
The Administrative Access -> Administrative Access -> SNMP menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the SNMP Basic Settings menu
122
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
SNMP Version
Select the SNMP version your device is to use to listen for external SNMP accesses.
Possible values:
• : SNMP Version 1
• %: Community-Based SNMP Version 2
• ': SNMP Version 3
, % and ' are active by default.
If no option is selected, the function is deactivated.
SNMP Listen UDP Port
Shows the UDP port ( ) at which the device receives SNMP
requests.
The value cannot be changed.
Tip
If your SNMP Manager supports SNMPv3, you should, if possible, use this version as
older versions transfer all data unencrypted.
10.5 Remote Authentication
This menu contains the settings for user authentication.
10.5.1 RADIUS
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) is a service that enables authentication and configuration information to be exchanged between your device and a RADIUS
server. The RADIUS server administrates a database with information about user authentication and configuration and for statistical recording of connection data.
RADIUS can be used for:
• Authentication
• Accounting
• Exchange of configuration data
For an incoming connection, your device sends a request with user name and password to
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
123
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
the RADIUS server, which then searches its database. If the user is found and can be authenticated, the RADIUS server sends corresponding confirmation to your device. This confirmation also contains parameters (called RADIUS attributes), which your device uses as
WAN connection parameters.
If the RADIUS server is used for accounting, your device sends an accounting message at
the start of the connection and a message at the end of the connection. These start and
end messages also contain statistical information about the connection (IP address, user
name, throughput, costs).
RADIUS packets
The following types of packets are sent between the RADIUS server and your device
(client):
Packet types
Field
Value
ACCESS_REQUEST
Client -> Server
If an access request is received by your device, a request is
sent to the RADIUS server if no corresponding connection partner has been found on your device.
ACCESS_ACCEPT
Server -> Client
If the RADIUS server has authenticated the information contained in the ACCESS_REQUEST, it sends an ACCESS_ACCEPT to your device together with the parameters
used for setting up the connection.
ACCESS_REJECT
Server -> Client
If the information contained in the ACCESS_REQUEST does
not correspond to the information in the user database of the
RADIUS server, it sends an ACCESS_REJECT to reject the
connection.
ACCOUNTING_START
Client -> Server
If a RADIUS server is used for accounting, your device sends
an accounting message to the RADIUS server at the start of
each connection.
ACCOUNTING_STOP
124
Client -> Server
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
If a RADIUS server is used for accounting, your device sends
an accounting message to the RADIUS server at the end of
each connection.
In the System Management -> Remote Authentication -> RADIUS menu, a list of all registered RADIUS servers is displayed.
10.5.1.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to add RADIUS serv-
ers.
Fig. 51: System Administration -> Remote Authentication -> RADIUS -> New
The System Administration -> Remote Authentication-> RADIUS -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the RADIUS Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Value
Authentication Type
Select what the RADIUS server is to be used for.
125
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
Possible values:
• 1
% (default value): The RADIUS server is
used for controlling access to a network.
• 1%%
$: The RADIUS server is used for recording statistical call data.
• 4$ 1
%: The RADIUS server is used for
controlling access to the SNMP shell of your device.
• -% 1
%: The RADIUS server is used for
sending configuration data for IPSec peers to your device.
• 041* ?": The RADIUS server is used for controlling
access to a wireless network.
• C15+8: The RADIUS server is used for authenticating IPSec
peers via XAuth.
Vendor Mode
Only for Authentication Type = 1%%
$.
In hotspot applications, select the mode define by the provider.
In standard application, leave the default value -.
Possible values for hotspot applications:
• 7% +/%: For France Telecom hotspot applications.
• #% 8-, -: For bintec hotspot applications.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of the RADIUS server.
RADIUS Secret
Enter the shared password used for communication between
the RADIUS server and your device.
Priority
If a number of RADIUS server entries were created, the server
with the highest priority is used first. If this server does not answer, the server with the next-highest priority is used.
Possible values from (highest priority) to . (lowest priority).
The default value is .
See also Policy in the Advanced Settings.
Entry active
126
Select whether the RADIUS server configured in this entry is to
be used.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Group Description
Define a new RADIUS group description or assign the new RADIUS entry to a predefined group. The configured RADIUS
servers for a group are queried according to priority and
policy.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Enter a new group description in the text
field.
• 3
/ , : Select this entry for special applications,
such as Hotspot Server configuration.
• A
, *B: Select a predefined group from the list.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Value
Policy
Select how your device is to react if a negative response to a request is received.
Possible values:
• 1
(default value): A negative response to a
request is accepted.
• *!
: A negative response to a request is
not accepted. A request is sent to the next RADIUS server until your device receives a response from a server configured
as authoritative.
UDP Port
Enter the UDP port to be used for RADIUS data.
RFC 2138 defines the default ports 1812 for authentication
(1645 in older RFCs) and 1813 for accounting (4,180.84 cm
older RFCs). You can obtain the port to be used from the documentation for your RADIUS server.
The default value is .
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
127
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
Server Timeout
Enter the maximum wait time between ACCESS_REQUEST
and response in milliseconds.
After timeout, the request is repeated according to Retries or
the next configured RADIUS server is requested.
Possible values are whole numbers between and .
The default value is (1 second).
Alive Check
Here you can activate a check of the reachability of a RADIUS
server in Status 3.
An Alive Check is carried out regularly (every 20 seconds) by
sending an ACCESS_REQUEST to the IP address of the RADIUS server. If the server is reachable, Status is set to /
again. If the RADIUS server is only reachable over a switched
line (dialup connection), this can cause additional costs if the
server is for a long time.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Retries
Enter the number of retries for cases when there is no response
to a request. If an answer has still not been received after these
attempts, the Status is set to . If the Active Check = !
#/your device tries to reach the server every 20 seconds. If
the server answers, the Status is set back to /.
Possible values are whole numbers between and .
The default value is . To prevent Status being set to , set
this value to .
RADIUS Dialout
Only for Authentication Type = 1
% and -%
1
%.
Select whether your device receives requests from RADIUS
server dialout routes. This enables temporary interfaces to be
configured automatically and your device can initiate outgoing
connections that are not configured permanently.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
128
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Value
The function is disabled by default.
If the function is active, you can enter the following options:
• </ / Enter the time period in seconds
between the update intervals.
The default entry here is i.e. an automatic reload is not carried out.
• 3
/ 5& &&: Some Radius servers require a
user password for each RADIUS request. Enter the password
that your device sends as the default user password in the
prompt for the dialout routes on the RADIUS server.
10.5.2 TACACS+
TACACS+ permits access control for your device, network access servers (NAS) and other
network components via one or more central servers.
Like RADIUS, TACACS+ is an AAA protocol and offers authentication, authorisation and
accounting services (TACACS+ Accounting is currently not supported by bintec devices).
The following TACACS+ functions are available on your device:
• Authentication for login shell
• Command authorisation on the shell (e.g. telnet, show)
TACACS+ uses TCP port 49 and establishes a secure and encrypted connection.
In the System Management -> Remote Authentication -> TACACS+ menu, a list of all
registered TACACS+ servers is displayed.
10.5.2.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to add TACACS+ serv-
ers.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
129
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 52: System Management -> Remote Authentication -> TACACS+ -> New
The System Management -> Remote Authentication -> TACACS+ -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the TACACS+ Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Authentication Type
Displays which TACACS+ function is to be used. The value
cannot be changed.
Possible values:
• 4$ 1
%: Here, you can define whether the
current TACACS+ server is to be used for login authentication
to your device.
130
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of the TACACS+ server that is to be requested for login authentication.
TACACS+ Secret
Enter the password to be used to authenticate and, if applicable, encrypt data exchange between the TACACS+ server and
the network access server (your device). The maximum length
of the entry is 32 characters.
Priority
Assign a priority to the current TACACS+ server. The server
with the lowest value is the one used first for TACACS+ login
authentication. If this does not respond or access is denied
(only if Policy = *!
), the entry with the
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
next-highest priority is used.
The available values are to , the default value is .
Entry active
Select whether this server is to be used for login authentication.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Policy
Select the interpretation of the TACACS+ response.
Possible values:
• *!
(default value): The TACACS+ servers are queried in order of their priority (see Priority) until a
positive response is received or a negative response is received from an authoritative server.
• 1
: A negative response to a request is accepted, i.e. a request is not sent to another TACACS+ server.
The device's internal user administration is is not turned off by
TACACS+. It is checked after all TACACS+ servers have been
queried.
TCP Port
Shows the default TCP port ( ) used for the TACACS+ protocol. The value cannot be changed.
Timeout
Enter time in seconds for which the NAS is to wait for a response from TACACS+.
If a response is not received during the wait time, the next configured TACACS+ server is queried (only if Policy = *!
) and the current server is set to status
=/%.
The possible values are to , the default value is '.
Block Time
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Enter the time in seconds for which the current server is to remain in blocked status.
131
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
At the end of the block time, the server is set to the status specified in the Administrative Status field.
The possible values are to ', the default value is . The
value means that the server is never set to =/% status
and thus no other servers are queried.
Encryption
Select whether data exchange between the TACACS+ server
and the NAS is to be encrypted with MD5.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
If the function is not enabled, the packets and all related information are transferred unencrypted. Unencrypted transfer is not
recommended as a default setting and should only be used for
debugging.
10.5.3 Options
This setting possible here causes your device to carry out authentication negotiation for incoming calls, if it cannot identify the calling party number (e.g. because the remote terminal
does not signal the calling party number). If the data (password, partner PPP ID) obtained
by executing the authentication protocol is the same as the data of a listed remote terminal
or RADIUS user, your device accepts the incoming call.
132
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 53: System Administration -> Remote Authentication -> Options
The System Management -> Remote Authentication -> Options menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the Options Global RADIUS Options menu
Field
Description
Authentication for PPP
Dialin
By default, the following authentication sequence is used for incoming calls with RADIUS: First CLID, then PPP and then PPP
with RADIUS.
Options:
• # : Only inband RADIUS requests (PAP,CHAP, MSCHAP V1 & V2) (i.e. PPP requests without CLID) are sent to
the RADIUS server defined in Server IP Address.
• @
# 643" : Only outband RADIUS requests (i.e. requests for calling line identification, CLID) are sent to the RADIUS server.
# is activated by default.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
133
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
10.6 Certificates
An asymmetric cryptosystem is used to encrypt data to be transported in a network, to generate or check digital signatures and the authenticate users. A key pair consisting of a public key and a private key is used to encrypt and decrypt the data.
For encryption the sender requires the public key of the recipient. The recipient decrypts
the data using his private key. Um sicherzustellen, dass der öffentlich Schlüssel der echte
Schlüssel des Empfängers und keine Fälschung ist, wird ein Nachweis, ein sogenanntes
digitales Zertifikat benötigt.
Ein digitales Zertifikat bestätigt u.a. die Echtheit und den Eigentümer eines öffentlichen
Schlüssels. It is similar to an official passport in that it confirms that the holder of the passport has certain characteristics, such as gender and age, and that the signature on the
passport is authentic. As there is more than one certificate issuer, e.g. the passport office
for a passport, and as such certificates can be issued by several different issuers and in
varying qualities, the trustworthiness of the issuer is extremely important. The quality of a
certificate is regulated by the German Signature Act or respective EU Directives.
Certification authorities that issue so-called qualified certificates are organised in a hierarchy with the Federal Network Agency as the higher certifying authority. The structure and
content of a certificate are stipulated by the standard used. X.509 is the most important and
the most commonly use standard for digital certificates. Qualified certificates are personal
and extremely trustworthy.
Digital certificates are part of a so-called Public Key Infrastructure (PKI). PKI refers to a
system that can issue, distribute and check digital certificates.
Certificates are issued for a specific period, usually one year, i.e. they have a limited validity period.
Your device is designed to use certificates for VPN connections and for voice connections
over Voice over IP.
10.6.1 Certificate List
In the System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List menu a list of all available
certificates is shown.
10.6.1.1 Edit
Click the
134
icon to display the content of the selected object (key, certificate, or request).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 54: System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List->
The certificates and keys themselves cannot be changed, but a few external attributes can
be changed, depending on the type of the selected entry.
The System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List ->
menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the menu
Field
Description
Description
Shows the name of the certificate, key, or request.
Certificate is CA Certific- Mark the certificate as a certificate from a trustworthy certificaate
tion authority (CA).
Certificates issued by this CA are accepted during authentication.
The function is activated with +
.
The function is disabled by default.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
135
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Certificate Revocation
List (CRL) Checking
Only for Certificate is a CA certificate = +
.
Define the extent to which certificate revocation lists (CRLs) are
to be included in the validation of certificates issued by the owner of this certificate.
Possible settings:
• 3&#/ : No checking of CRLs.
• 1/)&: CRLs are always checked.
• @/) 6<4 3&#
& ,&
(default value): If the CA certificate contains a CRL Distribution Point (CDP), this one is to be checked additionally to the
revocation lists globally configured on the device. Under
"View Details" in the certificate content you can check whether the CA certificate contains a CDP.
• 5& -$& &
, %%: The settings of the higher level certificate are used, if one exists. It is
does not, the same procedure is used as that described under
"Only if a CRL Distribution Point is present".
Force certificate to be
trusted
Define that this certificate is to be accepted as the user certificate without further checks during authentication.
The function is activated with +
.
The function is disabled by default.
Caution
It is extremely important for VPN security that the integrity of all certificates manually
marked as trustworthy (certification authority and user certificates) is ensured. The displayed "fingerprints" can be used to check this integrity: Compare the displayed values
with the fingerprints specified by the issuer of the certificate (e.g. on the Internet). It is
sufficient to check one of the two values.
10.6.1.2 Request
Registration authority certificates in SCEP
If SCEP (Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol) is used, your device also supports separ-
136
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
10 System Management
ate registration authority certificates.
Registration authority certificates are used by some Certificate Authorities (CAs) to handle
certain tasks (signature and encryption) during SCEP communication with separate keys,
and to delegate the operation to separate registration authorities, if applicable.
When a certificate is downloaded automatically, i.e. if CA Certificates = !3/! is
selected, all the certificates needed for the operation are loaded automatically.
If all the necessary certificates are already available in the system, these can also be selected manually.
Select the Request button to request or import more certificates.
Fig. 55: System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List -> Request
The System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List -> Request menu consists
of the following fields:
Fields in the Certificate List Certificate Request menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
137
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Certificate Request Description
Enter a unique description for the certificate.
Mode
Select the way in which you want to request the certificate.
Possible settings:
• (
/ (default value): Your device generates a PKCS#10
for the key. This file can then be uploaded directly in the
browser or copied in the Edit menu using the View Details
field. This file must be provided to the CA and the received
certificate must then be imported manually to your device.
• -6 : The key is requested from a CA using the Simple Certificate Enrolment Protocol.
Generate Private Key
Only if Mode = (
/.
Select an algorithm for key creation.
<-1 (default value) and 3-1 are available.
Also select the length of the key to be created.
Possible values: , ., , ', , .
Please note that a key with a length of 512 bits could be rated
as unsecure, whereas a key of 4096 bits not only needs a lot of
time to create, but also occupies a major share of the resources
during IPSec processing. A value of 768 or more is, however,
recommended and the default value is 1024 bits.
SCEP URL
Only if Mode = -6.
Enter the URL of the SCEP server, e.g. http://scep.funkwerk.de:8080/scep/scep.dll
Your CA administrator can provide you with the necessary data.
CA Certificate
Only if Mode = -6.
Select the CA certificate.
• !3/!: In CA Name, enter the name of the CA certificate of the certification authority (CA) from which you wish to
138
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
request your certificate, e.g. %&. Your CA administrator can provide you with the necessary data.
If no CA certificates are available, the device will first download the CA certificate of the relevant CA. It then continues
with the enrolment process, provided no more important parameters are missing. In this case, it returns to the Generate
Certificate Request menu.
If the CA certificate does not contain a CRL distribution point
(Certificate Revocation List, CRL), and a certificate server is
not configured on the device, the validity of certificates from
this CA is not checked.
• <name of an existing certificate>: If all the necessary certificates are already available in the system, you select these
manually.
RA Sign Certificate
Only if Mode = -6.
Only if CA Certificates is not = !3/!.
Select a certificate for signing SCEP communication.
The default value is !5& 61 6%!, i.e. the CA certificate is used.
RA Encrypt Certificate
Only if Mode = -6.
Only if RA Sign Certificate is not = !5& 61 6%!.
If you use one of your own certificates to sign communication
with the RA, you can select another one here to encrypt communication.
The default value is !5& <1 -$ 6%!, i.e. the
same certificate is used as for signing.
Password
Only if Mode = -6.
You may need a password from the certification authority to obtain certificates for your keys. Enter the password you received
from the certification authority here.
Fields in the Certificate List Subject Name menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
139
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Custom
Select whether you want to enter the name components of the
subject name individually as specified by the CA or want to
enter a special subject name.
If #/ is selected, a subject name can be given in Summary with attributes that are not offered in the list. Example:
"CN=VPNServer, DC=mydomain, DC=com, c=DE".
If the field is not marked, enter the name components in Common name, E-mail, Organizational Unit, Organization, Locality, State/Province and Country.
The function is disabled by default.
Summary
Only for Custom = enabled.
Enter a subject name with attributes not offered in the list.
Example: "CN=VPNServer, DC=mydomain, DC=com, c=DE".
Common Name
Only for Custom = disabled.
Enter the name according to CA.
E-mail
Only for Custom = disabled.
Enter the e-mail address according to CA.
Organisational Unit
Only for Custom = disabled.
Enter the organisational unit according to CA.
Organisation
Only for Custom = disabled.
Enter the organisation according to CA.
Location
Only for Custom = disabled.
Enter the location according to CA.
State/Province
Only for Custom = disabled.
Enter the state/province according to CA.
Country
140
Only for Custom = disabled.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enter the country according to CA.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Advanced Settings Alternative Subject Name menu
Field
Description
#1, #2, #3
For each entry, define the type of name and enter additional
subject names.
Possible values:
• * (default value): No additional name is entered.
• : An IP address is entered.
• 3*-: A DNS name is entered.
• /: An e-mail address is entered.
• 5<: A uniform resource identifier is entered.
• 3*: A distinguished name (DN) name is entered.
• <3: A registered identity (RID) is entered.
Field in the Advanced Settings Options menu
Field
Description
Autosave Mode
Select whether your device automatically stores the various
steps of the enrolment internally. This is an advantage if enrolment cannot be concluded immediately. If the status has not
been saved, the incomplete registration cannot be completed.
As soon as the enrolment is completed and the certificate has
been downloaded from the CA server, it is automatically saved
in the device configuration.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
10.6.1.3 Import
Choose the Import button to import certificates.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
141
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 56: System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List -> Import
The System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List -> Import menu consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the Certificate List Import menu
Field
Description
External Filename
Enter the file path and name of the certificate to be imported, or
use Browse... to select it from the file browser.
Local Certificate Description
Enter a unique description for the certificate.
File Encoding
Select the type of coding so that your device can decode the
certificate.
Possible values:
• 1
(default value) Activates automatic code recognition. If
downloading the certificate in auto mode fails, try with a certain type of encoding.
• =&
• =)
Password
142
You may need a password to obtain certificates for your keys.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enter the password here.
10.6.2 CRLs
In the System Management -> Certificates -> CRLs menu a list of all CRLs is shown.
If a key is no longer to be used, e.g. because it has fallen into the wrong hands or has been
lost, the corresponding certificate is declared invalid. The certification authority revokes the
certificate and publishes it on a certificate blacklist, so-called CRL. Certificate users should
always check against these lists to ensure that the certificate used is currently valid. This
check can be automated via a browser.
The Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (SCEP) supports the issue and revocation of
certificates in networks.
10.6.2.1 Import
Choose the Import button to import CRLs.
Fig. 57: System Management -> Certificates -> CRLs -> Import
The System Management -> Certificates -> CRLs -> Import menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the CRLs CRL Import menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
143
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
External Filename
Enter the file path and name of the CRL to be imported, or use
Browse... to select it from the file browser.
Local Certificate Description
File Encoding
Enter a unique description for the CRL.
Select the type of encoding, so that your device can decode the
CRL.
Possible values:
• (default value) Activates automatic code recognition. If
downloading the CRL in auto mode fails, try with a certain
type of encoding.
• =&
• =)
Password
Enter the password to be used for the import.
10.6.3 Certificate Servers
In the System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate Servers menu a list of all certificate servers is shown.
A certificate server provides for certificate revocation lists (CRL), that are used by the
device to verify certificates via LDAP or HTTP.
10.6.3.1 New
Choose the New button to set up a certificate server.
144
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 System Management
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 58: System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate Servers -> New
The System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate Servers -> New menu consists
of the following fields:
Fields in the Certificate Servers Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Description
Enter a unique description for the certificate server.
LDAP URL Path
Enter the LDAP URL or the HTTP URL of the server.
145
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 11 Physical Interfaces
In this menu, you configure the physical interfaces that you have used when connecting
your gateway. The configuration interface only shows the interfaces that are available on
your device. In the System Management -> Status menu you can see a list of all physical
interfaces and information on whether the interfaces are connected or active and whether
they have already been configured.
11.1 AUX
You require a special cable for the console port of your gateway (e.g. AUX Backup cable)
to connect an external analogue modem to the AUX port on a bintec gateway.
11.1.1 AUX
With an analogue/GSM interface, the gateway also supports connections for analogue and
GSM modems (e.g. as backup). In principle, you can use any Hayes- or
GSM07.07-compatible modem with a serial interface for this purpose. The following modems have been tested successfully for bintec:
• US Robotics Sportster Flash (analogue modem)
• US Robotics 56K Fax Modem (analogue modem)
• Siemens TC35i (GSM modem)
Fig. 59: PIN assignment modem cable
146
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 60: Physical Interfaces -> AUX -> AUX
The Physical Interfaces -> AUX -> AUX menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the AUX Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
AUX Port Status
Select whether the AUX port should be enabled or disabled.
The port is enabled by choosing #/. The port is disabled
by default.
Line Speed
Only for AUX Port Status enabled
Here you select the speed at which the gateway addresses the
modem (in bps).
Possible values:
• 3
/: The Baud rate of the serial terminal connection is
retained. (9600 in ex works state)
All other values mean that the modem is addressed at the corresponding speed in bps.
• #,& (default value)
• #,&
• ' #,&
• . #,&: Recommended for communication with a GSM
modem.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
147
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• #,&: Recommended for communication with an analogue modem.
Incoming Service Type
Only for AUX Port Status enabled
Here you select the gateway subsystem to which an incoming
call over the modem is to be assigned.
Possible values:
• 3&#/ : No call is accepted.
• -3* 4$: The call is assigned to the ISDN Login subsystem.
• 3/(default value): The call is assigned to the PPP
subsystem.
SIM Card Uses PIN
Only for AUX Port Status enabled
Here you enter the PIN of your GSM modem, if your modem
asks for it.
Entering a wrong PIN blocks communication with the modem
until the entry in the profile is corrected.
Modem Escape Charac- Only for AUX Port Status enabled
ter
The value for this field is set by default to >. It should only be
changed if the escape character of the modem is different.
Modem Init Sequence
Only for AUX Port Status enabled
Here you can enter an initialization string for your modem. The
command ATX3&K3\V1 is the default setting (the modem does
not wait for a free signal before dialling).
You can add other AT commands by separating them with
semicolons. The entry is limited to 50 characters. Make sure
you enter the command for activating the XON/XOFF software
flow control. This is proprietary and cannot be set automatically.
The command sequence can be obtained from your modem
manual or the manufacturer.
APN (Access Point
Name)
148
Only for AUX Port Status enabled
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
If GPRS is used, the so-called Access Point Name of the provider must be entered, e.g. internet.eplus.de for eplus and so
on.
A maximum of 40 characters can be entered. If no APN or an
incorrect APN is entered, a configured GPRS connection will
not function.
11.2 Ethernet Ports
An Ethernet interface is a physical interface for connection to the local network or external
networks.
The Ethernet ports ETH1 to ETH4 are assigned to a single logical Ethernet interface in ex
works state. The logical Ethernet interface, !, is assigned and is preconfigured with
the IP Address and Netmask .
The logical Ethernet interface ! is assigned to the ETH5 port and is not preconfigured.
Note
To ensure your device can be reached, when splitting ports make sure that Ethernet
interface ! is assigned - with the preconfigured IP address and netmask - to a
port that can be reached via Ethernet. If in doubt, carry out the configuration using a
serial connection via the Console interface.
ETH1 - ETH4
The interfaces can be used separately. They are logically separated from each other, each
separated port is assigned the desired logical Ethernet interface in the Ethernet Interface
Selection field of the Port Configuration menu. For each assigned Ethernet interface, another interface is displayed in the list in the LAN -> IP Configuration menu and a completely independent configuration of the interface is possible.
ETH5
By default, the logical Ethernet interface ! is assigned to the ETH5 port. The configuration options are the same as those for the ports ETH1 - ETH4.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
149
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
VLANs for Routing Interfaces
Configure VLANs to separate individual network segments from each other, for example
(e.g. individual departments of a company) or to reserve bandwidth for individual VLANs
when managed switches are used with the QoS function.
11.2.1 Port Configuration
Port Separation
Your device makes it possible to run the switch ports as one interface or to logically separate these from each other and to configure them as independent Ethernet interfaces.
By default, the same configuration applies for all switch ports.
During configuration, please note the following: The splitting of the switch ports into several
Ethernet interfaces merely logically separates these from each other. The available total
bandwidth of 100 mbps full duplex for all resulting interfaces remains the same. For example, if you split all the switch ports from each other, each of the resulting interfaces only
uses a part of the total bandwidth. If you group together several switch ports into one interface, the full bandwidth of 100 mbps full duplex is available for all the ports together.
Fig. 61: Physical Interfaces -> Ethernet Ports -> Port Configuration
The Physical Interfaces -> Ethernet Ports -> Port Configuration menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the Port Configuration Switch Configuration menu
150
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Switch Port
Shows the respective switch port. The numbering corresponds
to the numbering of the Ethernet ports on the back of the
device.
Ethernet Interface Selec- Assign a logical Ethernet interface to the switch port.
tion
You can select from five interfaces, ! to !. In the basic setting, switch ports 1-4 are assigned to interface !
and switch port 5 is assigned to interface !
Configured Speed /
Mode
Select the mode in which the interface is to run.
Possible values:
• 7
// 1
$ (default value)
• 1
#,& /)
• 1
#,& /)
• 1
#,& 9 7
// 3
,/?
• 1
#,& 9 8/ 3
,/?
• 1
#,& 9 7
// 3
,/?
• 1
#,& 9 8/ 3
,/?
• 7? #,& 9 7
// 3
,/?
• 7? #,& 9 8/ 3
,/?
• 7? #,& 9 7
// 3
,/?
• 7? #,& 9 8/ 3
,/?
• 3&#/ : The interface is created but remains inactive.
Current Speed / Mode
Shows the actual mode and actual speed of the interface.
Possible values:
• #,& 9 7
// 3
,/?
• #,& 9 8/ 3
,/?
• #,& 9 7
// 3
,/?
• #,& 9 8/ 3
,/?
• %
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
151
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
11.3 ISDN Ports
In this menu, you configure the ISDN interfaces of your device. Here you enter data such
as the type of ISDN connection to which your gateway is connected. You can use the ISDN
interfaces of your gateway for various types of use.
You must carry out two steps to configure the ISDN interfaces:
• Enter the settings for your ISDN connection: Here you set the most important parameters
of your ISDN connection.
• MSN Configuration: Here you tell your device how to react to incoming calls from the
WAN.
11.3.1 ISDN Configuration
Note
If the ISDN protocol is not detected, it must be selected manually under Port Usage
and ISDN Configtype. The automatic D channel detection is then switched off. An incorrectly set ISDN protocol prevents ISDN connections being set up.
In the Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> ISDN Configuration menu, a list of all ISDN
ports and their configurations is shown.
11.3.1.1 Working with
Choose the
button to edit the configuration of the ISDN port.
ISDN BRI interface
You can use the ISDN BRI interface of your gateway for both dialup connections and
leased lines over ISDN.
152
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 62: Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> ISDN Configuration ->
The Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports-> ISDN Configuration->
menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the ISDN Configuration Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Port Name
Shows the name of the ISDN port.
Autoconfiguration on
Bootup
Select whether the ISDN switch type (D channel detection for
switched line) is to be automatically identified.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Result of Autoconfigura- Shows the status of the ISDN Auto Config.
tion
Automatic D-channel detection runs until a setting is found or
until the ISDN protocol is selected manually under Port Usage.
This field cannot be edited. The result of autoconfiguration is
displayed for Port Usage and ISDN Configuration Type .
Possible values:
• All possible values for Port Usage and ISDN Configtype.
• <
$: Detection is still running.
Port Usage
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Only if Automatic Configuration on Startup is disabled.
153
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Select the protocol that you want to use for the ISDN port.
Possible values:
• * &: The ISDN connection is not used.
• 3/
,
-3*"
• 4& 4
• D!-
ISDN Configuration
Type
Only if Autoconfig on Bootup is disabled and if Port Usage =
3/
, -3*" or D!-.
Select the ISDN connection type.
Possible values:
• !!(
/, (default value): Point-to-multipoint
connection
• !!: Point-to-Point ISDN access
ISDN Switch Type
Only if Port Usage = 4& 4
Select the ISDN protocol supplied by your provider.
Possible values:
• 4& 4 = -: Leased line over B channel 1 (64
kbps)
• 4& 4 =>= -: Leased line over both B channels (128 kbps)
• 4& 4 3>=>= +-: Leased line over D-channel
and both B channels (144 kbps)
• 4& 4 =>= 3 ,&: Leased
line to two different endpoints.
• 4& 4 =>3 +-: Leased line over B channel 1
and D-channel (80 kbps)
• 4& 4 =>3 +-: Leased line over B channel 2
and D-channel (80 kbps)
• 4& 4 = -: Leased line over B channel 2 (64
kbps)
Subscriber Number
154
Only if Port Usage = 3/
,
-3*" and ISDN Con-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
figtype = !! and for Port Usage = D!-
Enter the call number for the connection.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
X.31 (X.25 in D Channel)
Select whether you want to use X.31 (X.25 in the D channel)
e.g. for CAPI applications.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
X.31 TEI Value
Only if X.31 (X.25 in D channel) is enabled
With the ISDN autoconfiguration, the X.31-TEI is detected automatically. If the autoconfiguration has not detected TEI, you can
manually enter the value assigned by the exchange.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is ! (for automatic detection).
X.31 TEI Service
Only if X.31 (X.25 in D channel) is enabled
Select the service for which you want to use X.31 TEI.
Possible values:
• 61
• 3
/ 61
• % -% (default value)
61 and 3
/ 61 are for using X.31 TEI for CAPI applications. For 61, the TEI value set in the CAPI application is
used. For 3
/ 61, the value of the CAPI application is
ignored and the default value set here is always used.
Set % -% if you wish to use X.31 TEI for the X.25
device.
ISDN-PRI interface
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
155
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
For a Primary Rate Interface (PRI, or S2M), the channels are transmitted in series in socalled time slots.
Choose the
button to edit the configuration of the ISDN port.
Fig. 63: Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> ISDN Configuration ->
The Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> ISDN Configuration->
menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the ISDN Configuration Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Port Name
Shows the name of the ISDN port.
Port Usage
Select whether the ISDN switch type (D channel detection for
switched line) is to be automatically identified.
Possible values:
• * (default value): ISDN connection is not used.
• 5<@ -3* -(
156
+": EURO ISDN S2M User Profile
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 5<@ -3* -(
• =% =%
linked directly.
*+": EURO ISDN S2M Network Profile
/
,": Two S2M connections are
• 4& 4: You can select a leased line.
ISDN Line Framing
• D!- -(
+": EQ-SIG S2M User Profile
• D!- -(
*+": Q-SIG S2M Network Profile
Only if a Port Usage is selected.
Select the framing type for layer 1.
Possible values:
• 6<6
-"
(default value)
• * 6<6
The default value can be left in the majority of scenarios. You
can use the * 6<6 if required (e.g. in Sweden and France), if
the device is to be connected to a PABX.
Subscriber Number
Only if Port Usage = 5<@ -3* - +", 5<@ -3*
- *+", D!- -( +" or D!- -( *+"
Enter the call number for the connection.
Channel Selection
Only if Port Usage = 5<@ -3* - +", 5<@ -3*
- *+", D!- -( +" or D!- -( *+"
The Channel Selection option is provided in order to guarantee
the compatibility with special providers. This defines how the B
channel is selected for an outgoing call.
Possible values:
• 1) 6/ (default value): The device tells the PABX that
all channels are available. The exchange of the PABX selects
the channel to be used.
• * %/ %
: The device sends no IE (Information Element) for channel
identification. The exchange selects the channel to be used.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
157
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• -
# , %/
: The device selects the channel to be used and signals this to
the exchange.
You can normally use the default value. It is only necessary to
change the setting in a few special cases.
If you encounter problems with outgoing calls, ask your provider
whether a special value has to be set.
Clock Mode
Only if Port Usage = =% =%
/
,"
Defines which connection partner sends the clock signal for
synchronization between the sender and the recipient. If the
clock signal is not sent by the exchange itself, one of the connection partners must sent the signal.
Possible values:
• ?/: The device receives the clock signal.
• /: The device sends the clock signal.
ISDN Switch Type
Only if Port Usage = 4& 4Select the ISDN connection
type.
Possible values:
• 4& 4 6
& + -/&": Up to 31 PPP interfaces can be configured for leased lines to different destinations.
• 4& 4E 8),%/
.":1984 kbps, structured
.' >
• 4& 4 5&
%
.': 2048 kbps, unstructured
Custom Time Slots
Only if Port Usage = 4& 4 and ISDN Switch Type =
4& 4 6
& + -/&"
You have the option to bundle any channels on the physical layer as so-called hyper channels. You can also group together
channels as PPP multilink channel bundles.
Timeslots divide the available 2 Mbps bandwidth of an S2M
connection into logical channels. No distinction is made below
158
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
between timeslots and channels, as the difference is immaterial
for configuration purposes.
A list of the channel bundles already configured is shown.
Click Add to configure new channel bundles.
You can use the Add button under Custom Time Slots to configure further bundles.
Note
This function is only available for leased lines.
Fields in the ISDN Configuration New Bundle menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the channel bundle.
Bundle Type
Displays the type of channel bundle.
Possible values:
• (
//: The channels are bundled as PPP Multilink
channels.
• )&%/ 8),%/": The channels are bundled as
physical hyperchannels.
Timeslot Selection
Choose between <$ -/% and +&/ (?.
Timeslot Range
Only if Timeslot Selection = <$ -/%.
Shows the logical channels (timeslots) combined to form this
channel bundle.
• 7: Shows the first of the channels used for this channel
bundle. Possible values: to '.
• : Shows the last of the channels used for this channel
bundle. Possible values: to '.
Timeslot Matrix
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Only if Timeslot Selection = +&/ (? Shows a list
of all channels in detail. If you do not wish to use all the channels between a certain start and end channel for a channel
bundle, you can make a selective assignment here.
159
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
X.75 Layer 2 Mode
Here you define how the interface created by this channel
bundle is to behave during connection setup. You only need to
configure these parameters if you used X.75 in layer 2.
Possible values:
• 36
• 3+
11.3.2 MSN Configuration
In this menu, you can assign the available ISDN numbers to the required services (e.g.
PPP routing, ISDN login).
If you use the ISDN interface for outgoing and incoming dialup connections, your own numbers for this interface can be entered in this menu (these settings are not possible for
leased lines). Your device distributes the incoming calls to the internal services according
to the settings in this menu. Your own number is included as the calling party number for
outgoing calls.
The device supports the following services:
• PPP (routing): The PPP (routing) service is your device's general routing service. This
enables ISDN remote terminals to establish data connections with your LAN, among other things. This enables partners outside your own local network to access hosts within
your LAN. It is also possible to establish outgoing data connections to ISDN remote terminals.
• ISDN Login: The ISDN login service enables both incoming data connections with access
to the SNMP shell of your device, and outgoing data connections to other bintec devices.
As a result, your device can be remotely configured and administrated.
• IPSec: bintec devices support the DynDNS service to enable hosts without fixed IP addresses to obtain a secure connection over the Internet. With the IPSec Callback function
and using a direct ISDN call to an IPSec peer with a dynamic IP address you can signal
to this IPSec peer that you are online and waiting for the setup of an IPSec tunnel over
the Internet. If the called peer currently has no connection to the Internet, the ISDN call
causes a connection to be set up. The identification of the caller from his or her ISDN
number is enough information to initiate setting up a tunnel.
• X.25 PAD: X.25 PAD is used to provide a protocol converter, which converts nonpacket-oriented protocols to packet-oriented communication protocols and vice versa.
Data terminal equipment sending or receiving data on a non-data-packet-oriented basis
can this be adapted in line with Datex-P (public data packet network based on the principle of a packet switching exchange).
160
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
11 Physical Interfaces
When a call comes in, your device first uses the entries in this menu to check the type of
call (data or voice call) and the called party number, whereby only part of the called party
number reaches the device, which is forwarded from the local exchange or, if available, the
PBX. The call is then assigned to the corresponding service.
Note
If no entry is specified (ex works state), every incoming ISDN call is accepted by the
ISDN Login service. To avoid this, you should make the necessary entries here. As
soon as an entry exists, the incoming calls not assigned to any entry are forwarded to
the CAPI service.
In the Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> MSN Configuration menu a list of all MSNs
is shown.
11.3.2.1 New
Choose the New button to edit MSNs.
Fig. 64: Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> MSN Configuration -> New
The Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> MSN Configuration -> New menu consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the MSN Configuration Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
161
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
ISDN Port
Select the ISDN port for which the MSN is to be configured.
Service
Select the service to which a call is to be assigned on the MSN
below.
Possible values:
• -3* 4$ (default value): Enables logging in with -3*
4$.
• <
$": Default setting for PPP routing. Contains
the automatic detection of the PPP connections stated below
except [email protected];= .
• -%: Enables a number to be defined for IPSec callback.
• @ ": Other services can be selected: (enables 64 kbps PPP data connections), (enables
56 kbps PPP data connections), ; E
E E '" (enables PPP connections with
V.110 and bit rates of 9600 bps, 14400 bps, 19200 bps,
38400 bps), ; (enables incoming PPP connections
with V.120).
MSN
Enter the number used to check the called party number. For
the call to be accepted, it is sufficient for the individual numbers
in the entry to agree, taking account of MSN Recognition.
MSN Recognition
Select the mode your device is to use for the number comparison for MSN with the called party number of the incoming call.
Possible values:
• <$ 4 (default value)
• 4 <$ 33": Always select if your device is connected to a point-to-point connection.
Bearer Service
Select the type of incoming call (service detection).
Possible values:
• 3 > ;% (default value): Both data and voice calls.
• 3: Data call
• ;%: Voice call (modem, voice, analogue fax).
162
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
11.4 ADSL Modem
11.4.1 ADSL Configuration
In this menu, you make the basic settings for your ADSL connection.
R3000 and R3000w are ADSL multiprotocol routers with integrated ADSL(2+) modem and
automatic ISDN backup. The ADSL modem on the R3000 / R3000w is compatible with ANNEX A and ANNEX B standards and so can be used universally in several countries. It is
particularly suitable for high-speed Internet access and remote access use in SMEs or remote offices. The device is supplied ex works with 10 IPSec tunnels including hardware acceleration. Up to 100 additional IPSec tunnels can also be enabled if licensed. The integrated second ISDN S0 interface can also be enabled by licence if required.
Fig. 65: Physical Interfaces -> ADSL Modem-> ADSL Configuration
The Physical Interfaces -> ADSL Modem-> ADSL Configuration menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the ADSL Configuration ADSL Port Status menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
ADSL Chipset
Shows the key of the installed chipset.
Physical Connection
Shows the current ADSL operation mode. The value cannot be
changed.
163
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• 5: The ADSL link is not active.
• 1*- +': ansiT1dot413
• 13-4: ADSL classic, G.DMT, ITU G.992.1
• 4: Splitterless ADSL, ITU G.992.2
• 13-4: G.DMT.Bis, ITU G.992.3
• 13-4 34+: ADSL2 Double Ended Line Test
• 13-4 /
&: ADSL2 Plus, ITU G.992.5
• 13-4 /
& 34+: ADSL2 Plus Double Ended Line Test
• <13-4: Reach Extended ADSL2
• <13-4 34+: Reach Extended ADSL2 Double Ended Line
Test
• 13-4 +5!+ ' 1? (
• 13-4> +5!+ 1? (
Fields in the ADSL Configuration Current Line Speed menu
Field
Description
Downstream
Displays the data rate in the receive direction (direction from
CO/DSLAM to CPE/router) in bits per second.
The value cannot be changed.
Upstream
Displays the data rate in the send direction (direction from CPE/
router to CO/DSLAM) in bits per second.
The value cannot be changed.
Fields in the ADSL Configuration ADSL Parameters menu
Field
ADSL Mode
Description
Define which Annex of ITU-T Recommendation G.991.2 is used
for the connection.
Possible values:
• 1? 1: For applications in North America
(provider-dependent) for example.
• 1? =(default value): For applications in Europe
164
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
(provider-dependent) for example.
ADSL SyncType
Select the ADSL synchronization type.
Possible values:
• 1
% ( (default value): The ADSL mode is automatically adapted for the remote terminal.
• 13-4: ADSL1 / G.DMT is used.
• 13-4: ADSL2 / G.992.3 is used.
• 13-4 /
&: ADSL2 Plus / G.992.5 is used.
• 3 : The ADSL interface is not active.
Only for ADSL Mode = 1? 1.
• 1
% ( 1?!(": The ADSL mode is automatically adapted to the other end with reference to G.992.3
Annex M.
• 13-4 /
&
is used.
1?!(": ADSL2 Plus / G.992.3 Annex M
• 1*- +': ansiT1dot413
Only for ADSL Mode = 1? =.
• +- +': ETSI T1.413
Transmit Shaping
Select whether the data rate in the send direction is to be reduced. This is only needed in a few cases for special DSLAMs.
Possible values:
• 3
/ 4 -,": The data rate in the send direction is not reduced.
• E #,& to EE #,&: The data rate in the send
direction is reduced to a maximum of 128,000 bps to
2,048,000 bps in defined steps.
• 5& 3: The data rate is reduced to the value
entered in Maximum Upstream Bandwidth
The default value is 3
/
Maximum upstream
bandwidth
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
4 -,".
Only if Transmit Shaping = 5& 165
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enter the maximum data rate in the send direction in bits per
second.
11.5 SHDSL
R3400 and R3800 have an integrated SHDSL mode. The devices support G.SHDSL according to ITU-T recommendations G.991.2 Annex A and B and SHDLS.bis according to
G.991.2 Annex F and G. Depending on the device type and configuration the gateway
transmits the data over a pair of wires at up to 5696 kbps, over two pairs of wires at up to
11392 kbps, over three pairs of wires at up to 17088 kbps or over four pairs of wires at up
to 22784 kbps.
11.5.1 SHDSL Configuration
In the SHDSL menu you configure the SHDSL interface of your device.
Note
Ask your provider about any special features of your SHDSL connection.
Note
Agree the connection conditions for back-to-back connections (campus connect) with
your remote terminal.
The SHDSL interfaces can be configured separately or as a bundle.
Choose the
button to edit the predefined SHDSL interfaces. In the ex works state, the
logical SHDSL interfaces -&/! to -&/!' are each preset with one pair of wires.
166
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 66: Physical Interfaces -> SHDSL -> SHDSL Configuration ->
Fields in the SHDSL SHDSL Parameter menu
Field
Description
ATM Interface
Displays the name of the ATM interface.
Device Mode
Define the role within the connection.
Possible values:
• 6 6
& && F
," (default value):
Mode for the user page of the SHDSL connection.
• [email protected] 6/ @%": Mode for the provider page of the
SHDSL connection.
Note: CPE on the one hand and CO on the other hand must always be set for each SHDSL connection.
SHDSL Type
Define which Annex of ITU-T Recommendation G.991.2 is used
for the connection.
Possible values:
• 1? 1: For applications in North America
(provider-dependent) for example.
• 1? =(default value): For applications in Europe
(provider-dependent) for example.
Clock Rate
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Define whether the clock rate should be negotiated.
167
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• 7?: The clock rate is predefined.
• 1, (default value): The clock rate is negotiated depending on the line quality.
Wire Mode
Define the number and combination of wires (depending on the
device type) used for the SHDSL connection.
Only R3400:
Possible values:
• (default value): Two wires are used with m-pair bonding for a clock rate of 192 kbps to 5696 kbps.
• : Four wires are used with m-pair bonding for a clock
rate of 384 kbps to 11392 kbps. This option supports 4-wire
mode under G991.2 and Globespan Enhanced Mode.
Only R3800:
• : Two wires are used with m-pair bonding for a clock
rate of 192 kbps to 5696 kbps.
• : Four wires are used with m-pair bonding for a clock
rate of 384 kbps to 11392 kbps. This option supports 4-wire
mode under G991.2 and Globespan Enhanced Mode.
• &: Four wires are used for m-pair bonding
with a clock rate of 384 kbps to 11392 kbps. This option supports 4-wire mode under G991.2 but not Globespan Enhanced Mode.
• (1: Four wires are used with IMA for a clock rate of
384 kbps to 11392 kbps.
• : Six wires are used with m-pair bonding for a clock
rate of 576 kbps to 17088 kbps.
• (1: Six wires are used with IMA for a clock rate of
576 kbps to 17088 kbps.
• : Eight wires are used with m-pair bonding for a clock
rate of 768 kbps to 22784 kbps.
• (1: Eight wires are used with IMA for a clock rate
of 768 kbps to 22784 kbps.
168
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Additional Wire Pairs
Only for Wire Mode = , &, (1, , (1.
For Wire Mode = , & or (1 the second pair of wires is defined here.
For Wire Mode = or (1 the second and third
pairs of wires are defined here.
Wire pairs already used in defined connections are not available
for selection. If these continue to be used for this SHDSL connection, the existing connection must first be terminated.
Requested Rate
Only for Clock Rate = 7?.
Select which speed should be used.
Line Speed Interval
Only for Clock Rate = 1,.
Under Minimum select the minimum clock rate and under Maximum select the maximum clock rate for the connection.
11.6 Serial Ports
11.6.1 Options
In the Serial Ports menu, configure the serial WAN interface of your gateway.
Your gateway offers an integrated X.21/V.35 interface.
The interface can be operated in accordance with various electrical standards (X.21, V.35,
...). The electrical standard used and the layer 1 operation mode (DTE or DCE) can be detected automatically from the plugged cable. Both of these parameters can also be set
manually. You can purchase a suitable cable from your dealer.
Choose the
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
button to edit the configuration of the serial port.
169
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 67: Physical Interfaces -> Serial Ports -> Options ->
The Physical Interfaces -> Serial Ports -> Options ->
menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Options Serial Parameters menu
Field
Description
Interface
Displays the name of the serial interface.
Detection Mode
Define whether the interface and connector types used are to
be detected automatically (autodetected) or set manually.
Possible values:
• % 6% (default value): The interface
and connector types are detected automatically.
• %: Only the interface type is detected automatically.
The connector type must be set manually.
• 6%: Only the connector type is detected automatically. The interface type must be set manually.
• (
/: Both the interface and connector type must be set
manually.
Interface Type
Define the interface type of the port used.
If you select the Detection Mode % 6%!
or %, the interface type is detected automatically.
The detected value is displayed, e.g. ;' %".
170
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
If you select the Detection Mode 6% or (
/, you
must set the interface type field manually.
Possible values:
• *: The port is not used.
• C +: V.11 on all lines, 120-ohm terminating resistor on critical input lines.
• ;': V.35 on critical lines, V.28 on uncritical lines.
• ;': V.11 on critical lines, V.10 on uncritical lines.
• C #&: V.28 on all lines.
• C +: Unterminated V.11 on all
lines.
• <-!: V.11 on critical lines, V.10 on uncritical lines (9-pole
or 37-pole sub-D plug).
• <-!': V.11 on critical lines, V.10 on uncritical lines
(25-pole sub-D plug).
• <-!': V.11 on critical lines, V.10 on uncritical lines incl.
DTR and DSR (25-pole sub-D plug).
Connection Type
Define the connector type of the port used.
If you select the Detection Mode % 6%!
or 6%, the connector type is detected automatically.
The detected value is displayed, e.g. 5
1
%".
If you select the Detection Mode % or (
/, you
must set the connector type field manually.
Possible values:
• 3+: The pins are assigned as DTE interface. This setting is
necessary, for example, if the router is connected to a public
data network like Datex-P in Germany.
• 36: The pins are assigned as DCE interface.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Line Speed
Only if Connection Type = 36. Select which speed should be
used.
Layer 2 Mode
Define the value of the HDLC address field in the transmitted
command frames (Layer 2).
171
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• 1
% (default value): The selection made for connector is applied. You can usually accept this setting, e.g. for access to a public data network such as Datex-P.
• 3+: The address field has the value for DTE.
• 36: The address field has the value for DCE.
Interface Leads
Define whether the gateway checks the status of the interface
lines. The same value should be set for both connection partners.
Possible values:
• #/. The Layer 1 signalling of the remote terminal is
checked on the signal line (I for X.21, CTS for V.35). The
check correspondingly affects the variable L1State.
• 3&#/ (default value): The Layer 1 signalling of the remote terminal is not checked, your gateway assumes that the
physical line is always "up". In this setting, you should monitor
the interface line in some other way, e.g. with PPP Keepalive.
11.7 UMTS/HSDPA
11.7.1 UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA
In the UMTS / HSDPA / HSUPA menu configure the connection for a UMTS CardBus modem.
11.7.1.1 Edit
Choose the
172
icon to edit the UMTS CardBus modem.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 68: Physical Interfaces -> UMTS / HSDPA -> UMTS / HSDPA / HSUPA -> Edit
The Physical Interfaces -> UMTS / HSDPA -> UMTS / HSDPA / HSUPA -> Edit menu
consists of the following fields:
Fields in the UMTS / HSDPA / HSUPA Basic Settings menu
Field
Description
UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA
Status
Select whether or not UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA is to be enabled
on your device.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Modem Status
Shows the status of the UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA modem.
Possible values:
• 1%
• %
• • 6//
• 6//$
• 6%
• -( & F
• * ,
F
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
173
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• &
• 3&%%
Mobile phone providers
Shows the connected mobile phone provider.
Network Quality
Only for UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA Status = #/
Displays the current quality of the UMTS connection. The value
cannot be changed.
Preferred Network Type
Select the networkt type to be used as preference.
Possible values:
• 1
% (default value): GPRS or UMTS are used for the
connection, depending on the network type that is locally
available.
• <- /): Only GPRS is used, if GPRS is not available, no
connection can be established.
• 5(+- /): Only UMTS is used, if UMTS is not available, no
connection can be established.
• <- ,: GPRS is preferred, if GPRS is not available, UMTS is used.
• 5(+- ,: UMTS is preferred, if UMTS is not available, GPRS is used.
Incoming Service Type
Only for UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA Status = #/
Here you select the gateway subsystem to which an incoming
call over the modem is to be assigned.
Possible values:
• -3* 4$(default value): The call is assigned to the ISDN
Login subsystem.
• 3/: The call is assigned to the PPP subsystem.
• 3&#/ : No call is accepted.
SIM Card Uses PIN
Only for UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA Status = Init Sequence !
#/
Enter the PIN for your UMTS modem card.
174
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
11 Physical Interfaces
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Note: Entering a wrong PIN blocks communication until the
entry is corrected.
Modem Init Sequence
Only for UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA Status = #/
Here you can enter an initialization string for your modem. You
can add other AT commands if required by separating them with
semicolons. The entry is limited to 80 characters.
APN (Access Point
Name)
Only for UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA Status = #/
If GPRS/UMTS is to be used, you must enter the so-called Access Point Name here that you receive from your provider. A
maximum of 80 characters can be entered.
If no APN or an incorrect APN is entered, a configured GPRS/
UMTS connection will not function.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
175
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 12 LAN
In this menu, you configure the addresses in your LAN and can structure your local network
using VLANs.
12.1 IP Configuration
In this menu, you can edit the IP configuration of the LAN and Ethernet interfaces of your
device.
12.1.1 Interfaces
In the LAN -> IP Configuration -> Interfaces menu, the available IP interfaces are listed.
You can edit the IP configuration of the interfaces or create virtual interfaces for special applications. Here is a list of all of the interfaces (logical Ethernet interfaces and others created in the subsystems) configured in the System Management -> Interface Mode /
Bridge Groups -> Interfaces menu.
Use the
to edit the settings of an existing interface (bridge groups, Ethernet interfaces in
routing mode).
You can use the New button to create virtual interfaces. However, this is only needed in
special applications (e.g. BRRP).
Depending on the option selected, different fields and options are available. All the configuration options are listed below.
The default setting for all existing interfaces of your device is routing mode. The interface,
en1-0, is pre-configured with IP address and netmask .
Example of subnets
If your device is connected to a LAN that consists of two subnets, you should enter a
second IP Address/Netmask.
The first subnet has two hosts with the IP addresses 192.168.42.1 and 192.168.42.2, for
example, and the second subnet has two hosts with the IP addresses 192.168.46.1 and
192.168.46.2. To be able to exchange data packets with the first subnet, your device uses
the IP address 192.168.42.3, for example, and 192.168.46.3 for the second subnet. The
netmasks for both subnets must also be indicated.
176
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
12.1.1.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to create virtual inter-
faces.
Fig. 69: LAN -> IP Configuration -> Interfaces ->Edit/New
The LAN -> IP Configuration -> Interfaces ->Edit/New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Interfaces Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Based on Ethernet Inter- This field is only displayed if you are editing a virtual routing inface
terface.
Select the Ethernet interface for which the virtual interface is to
be configured.
Address Mode
Select how an IP address is assigned to the interface.
Possible values:
• -% (default value): A static IP address is assigned to the
interface in IP Address/Netmask.
• 386: An IP address is assigned to the interface dynamically
via DHCP.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
177
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
IP Address/Netmask
Only if Address Mode = -%
With Add, add a new adress entry and enter the IP Address
and corresponding Netmask
Interface Mode
Only for physical interfaces in routing mode.
Select the configuration mode of the interface.
Possible values:
• 5$$ (default value): The interface is not assigned for a
specific purpose.
• +$$
faces.
;41*": This option only applies for routing inter-
You use this option to assign the interface to a VLAN. This is
done using the VLAN ID, which is displayed in this mode and
can be configured. In this mode, the definition of a MAC Address in MAC Address is optional.
MAC Address
Only for virtual interfaces and if Interface Mode = 5$$
Enter the MAC Address associated with the interface. For virtual
interfaces, you can use the MAC Address of the physical interface under which the virtual interface was created, but this is not
necessary. You can also allocate a virtual MAC Address. The
first 6 characters of the MAC are preset (but can be changed).
VLAN ID
Only if Interface Mode = +$$
;41*".
This option only applies for routing interfaces. Assign the interface to a VLAN by entering the VLAN ID of the relevant VLAN.
Possible values are (default value) to .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
DHCP MAC Address
Only if Address Mode = 386
If Use Built-In is activated (default setting), the hardware MAC
Address of the Ethernet interface is used. In the case of physic-
178
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
al interfaces, the current MAC Address is entered by default.
If you disable Use Built-In, you enter a MAC Address for the
virtual interface, e.g. ::::#:' .
Some providers use hardware-independent MAC addresses to
allocate their clients IP addresses dynamically. If your provider
has assigned you a MAC Address, enter this here.
DHCP Hostname
Only if Address Mode = 386
Enter the host name requested by the provider. The maximum
length of the entry is 45 characters.
DHCP Broadcast flag
Only if Address Mode = 386
Choose whether or not the BROADCAST bit is set in the DHCP
requests for your device. Some DHCP servers that assign IP
addresses by UNICAST do not respond to DHCP requests with
the set BROADCAST bit. In this case, it is necessary to send
DHCP requests in which this bit is not set. In this case, disable
this option.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Proxy ARP
Select whether your device is to respond to ARP requests from
its own LAN on behalf of defined remote terminals.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
TCP-MSS Clamping
Select whether your device is to apply MSS Clamping. To prevent IP packets fragmenting, the MSS (Maximum Segment
Size) is automatically decreased by the device to the value set
here.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default. Once enabled, the default
value ' is entered in the input field.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
179
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
12.2 VLAN
By implementing VLAN segmentation in accordance with 802.1Q, you can configure
VLANs on your device. The wireless ports of an access point, in particular, are able to remove the VLAN tag of a frame sent to the clients and to tag received frames with a predefined VLAN ID. This functionality makes an access point nothing less than a VLANaware switch with the enhancement of grouping clients into VLAN groups. In general,
VLAN segmenting can be configured with all interfaces.
Fig. 70: VLAN segmenting
VLAN for Bridging and VLAN for Routing
In the LAN -> VLAN menu, VLANs (virtual LANs) are configured with interfaces that operate in bridging mode. Using the VLAN menu, you can make all the settings needed for this
and query their status.
180
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Caution
For interfaces that operate in Routing mode, you only assign a VLAN ID to the interface. You define this via the parameter Interface Mode = ;41* and the VLAN ID field
in the LAN -> IP Configuration ->Interfaces -> New menu.
12.2.1 VLANs
In this menu, you can display all the VLANs already configured, edit your settings and create new VLANs. By default, the ($ VLAN is available, to which all interfaces are
assigned.
12.2.1.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to configure other
VLANs.
Fig. 71: LAN -> VLAN -> VLANs -> Edit/New
The LAN -> VLAN -> VLANs -> Edit/New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the VLANs Configure VLAN menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
VLAN Identifier
Enter the number that identifies the VLAN. In the Edit menu,
you can no longer change this value.
181
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values are to .
VLAN Name
Enter a unique name for the VLAN. A character string of up to
32 characters is possible.
VLAN Members
Select the ports that are to belong to this VLAN. You can use
the Add button to add members.
For each entry, also select whether the frames to be transmitted
from this port are to be transmitted +$$ (i.e. with VLAN information) or 5$$ (i.e. without VLAN information).
12.2.2 Port Configuration
In this menu, you can define and view the rules for receiving frames at the VLAN ports.
Fig. 72: LAN -> VLAN -> Port Configuration
The LAN -> VLAN -> Port Configuration menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in menu Port Configuration
182
Field
Description
Interface
Shows the port for which you define the PVID and processing
rules.
PVID
Assign the selected port the required PVID (Port VLAN Identifi-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
er).
If a packet without a VLAN tag reaches this port, it is assigned
this PVID.
Drop untagged frames
If this option is enabled, untagged frames are discarded. If the
option is disabled, untagged frames are tagged with the PVID
defined in this menu.
Drop non-members
If this option is enabled, all tagged frames that are tagged with a
VLAN ID to which the selected port does not belong are discarded.
12.2.3 Administration
In this menu, you make general settings for a VLAN. The options must be configured separately for each bridge group.
Fig. 73: LAN -> VLAN -> Administration
The LAN -> VLAN -> Administration menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Administration Bridge Group br<ID> VLAN Options menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Enable VLAN
Enable or disable the specified bridge group for VLAN.
183
12 LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is activated with #/.
The function is not activated by default.
Management VID
184
Enter the VLAN ID of the VLAN in which your device is to operate.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
13 Wireless LAN
Chapter 13 Wireless LAN
In the case of wireless LAN (WLAN = Wireless Local Area Network), this relates to the creation of a network using wireless technology.
Network functions
Like a wired network, a WLAN offers all the main network functions. Access to servers,
files, printers, and the e-mail system is just as reliable as company-wide Internet access.
Because the devices do not require any cables, the great advantage of WLAN is that there
are no building-related restrictions (i.e. the device location does not depend on the position
and number of connections).
Currently applicable standard: IEEE 802.11
In the case of 802.11-WLANs, all the functions of a wired network are possible. WLAN
transmits inside and outside buildings with a maximum of 100 mW.
IEEE 802.11g is currently the most widespread standard for wireless LANs and offers a
maximum data transmission rate of 54 mbps. This procedure operates in the radio frequency range of 2.4 GHz, which ensures that parts of the building are penetrated as effectively as possible with a low transmission power that poses no health risks.
A 802.11g-compatible standard is 802.11b, which operates in the 2.4 GHz range (2400
MHz - 2485 MHz) and offers a maximum data transmission rate of 11 mbps. 802.11b and
802.11g WLAN systems involve no charge or login.
With 802.11a, bandwidths of up to 54 mbps can be used in the 5150 GHz to 5725 MHz
range. With the higher frequency range, 19 non-overlapping frequencies are available (in
Germany). This frequency range can also be used without a licence in Germany. In
Europe, transmission power of not just 30 mW but 1000 mW can be used with 802.11h, but
only if TPC (TX Power Control, method for controlling transmission power in wireless systems to reduce interferences) and DFS (Dynamic Frequency Selection) are used. The purpose of TPC and DFS is to ensure that satellite connections and radar devices are not interfered with.
13.1 WLAN
In the Wireless LAN -> WLAN1 menu, you can configure the WLAN module of your
device.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
185
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Depending on the model, one or two WLAN modules, WLAN1 and, in certain models,
WLAN2, available.
13.1.1 Radio Settings
In the Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Radio Settings menu, an overview of all the configuration options for the WLAN module is shown.
Fig. 74: Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Radio Settings
13.1.1.1 Radio Settings -> Edit
In this menu, you change the settings for the wireless module.
Choose the
186
button to edit the configuration.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 75: Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Radio Settings ->
The Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Radio Settings ->
menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Radio Settings WLAN Settings menu
Field
Description
Operation Mode
Define the mode in which the wireless module of your device is
to operate.
Possible values:
• @ (default value) The radio module is switched off.
• 1%%&& : Your device is used as an access point in
your network.
• 1%%&& 6/: Your device serves as an Access Client in
your network.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
187
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Client mode
Only for Operating Mode = 1%%&& 6/
Select the client connection mode to the access point.
Possible values:
• &
%
(default value): In a network in infrastructure mode, all clients communicate with each other via access points only. There is no direct communication between
the individual clients.
• 1!8%: In ad-hoc mode, an access client can be used as
central interface between a number of terminals. In this way,
devices such as computers and printers can be wirelessly interconnected.
Select the channel to be used.
Operation Band
Select the operation band and usage area of the wireless module.
For Operation Mode = 1%%&& Possible values:
• 8G [email protected]
(default value): our device is operated at 2.4 GHz (mode 802.11b and mode 802.11g), inside
or outside buildings.
• 8G : Your device is run with 5 GHz (Mode
802.11a/h) inside buildings.
8G @
: Your device is run with 5 GHz (Mode
802.11a/h) outside buildings.
• 8G [email protected]
: Your device is run with 5 GHz (Mode
802.11a/h) inside or outside buildings.
For Operation Mode = 1%%&& 6/
Possible values:
• E 8G
• 8G (default value)
• 8G
Usage Area
188
Only for Operation Mode = 1%%&& 6/E Client Mode =
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
&
%
and Operation Band = 8Gor
8G
Choose the location at which the device is operated.
Possible values:
• [email protected]
(default value)
• • @
IEEE 802.11d Compliance
Only for Operating Mode = 1%%&& 6/
Select how the country information is determined.
Possible values:
• 7/?#/ (default value): The system attempts to determine
the country information of the access point, otherwise the
system's own country information is used.
• *: The system's own country information is used.
• -%: The country information of the access point is used.
Channel
The number of channels you can selected depends on the
country setting. Please consult the data sheet for your device.
Access Point mode:
Configuring the network name (SSID) in Access Point mode
means that wireless networks can be logically separated from
each other, but they can still physically interfere with each other
if they are operating on the same or closely adjacent wireless
channels. So if you are operating two or more radio networks
close to each other, it is advisable to allocate the networks to
different channels. Each of these should be spaced at least
four channels apart, as a network also partially occupies the
adjacent channels.
In the case of manual channel selection, please make sure first
that the clients actually support these channels.
Possible values:
• For Frequency Band = 8G [email protected]
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
189
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values are to ' and 1
(default value).
• For Frequency Band = 8G Possible values are ', , , and 1
(default value)
• For Operation Band = 8G [email protected]
and 8G
@
Only the 1
option is possible here.
Access Client mode:
In Access Client mode you can only select the required channel
in Client Mode = 1 8%.
Possible values:
• For Frequency Band = 8G [email protected]
Possible values are to ' and 1
(default value).
• For Frequency Band = 8G Possible values are ', , , and 1
(default value)
• For Operation Band = 8G [email protected]
and 8G
@
Only the 1
option is possible here.
Antenna Diversity
Select how many and which antennas are used to send and receive.
If the function is deactivated, only the main antenna sends and
receives.
If the function is activated, two antennas receive and the better
signal is evaluated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is activated by default.
Transmit Power
190
Select the maximum value for the radiated antenna power. The
actually radiated antenna power may be lower than the maximum value set, depending on the data rate transmitted. The
maximum value for Transmit Power is country-dependent.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• (? (default value): The maximum antenna power is used.
• 5& 3: Enter the required maximum value in dBm
in the input field.
• 0 ' =
• 0 . =
• 0 =
• 0 =
Fields in the Radio Settings Performance Settings menu
Field
Description
Wireless Mode
Only for Operation Band = 8G [email protected]
Select the wireless technology that the access point is to use.
Possible values:
• $: The device operates only in accordance with
802.11g. 802.11b clients have no access.
• #: Your device operates only in accordance with
802.11b and forces all clients to adapt to it.
• ? #9$" (default value) / ?!
& #9$": Your device adapts to the client technology.
The following applies for mixed-short: The data rates 5.5 and
11 mbps must be supported by all clients (basic rates).
• ?!/$ #9$": Your device adapts to the client technology. Only a data rate of 1 and 2 mbps needs to be
supported by all clients (basic rates). This mode is also
needed for Centrino clients if connection problems occur.
Max. Transmission Rate Select the transmission speed.
Possible values:
• (default value) The transmission speed is determined
automatically.
• A;/
B: Depending on the setting for Operation Band,
Bandwidth, Number of spatial streams and Wireless
Mode, different whole values in mbps will be available for se-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
191
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
lection.
Nitro Mode
Activate this function to increase the transmission speed for
802.11g through frame bursting. As a result, several packets
are sent one after the other without a waiting period. This is particularly effective in 11b/g mixed operation.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is activated by default.
If problems occur with older WLAN hardware, this function
should be deactivated.
Nitro XM
The Nitro XM (eXtreme Multimedia) function can increase
throughput by combining Protection (avoids collisions in radio
cells with 11g and 11b clients), Packet Bursting (sending of several data packets together; already implemented with the name
Nitro), Compression and Concatenation (combines several
smaller packets into one larger WLAN packet).
Possible values:
• 7 6,&&: If this function is activated, sent data
is compressed. This only works in combination with clients
that use Conexant radio cards. The gain in transmission
speed depends to a large extent on the type of transmitted
data.
• 7 6%: If this function is activated, several
small data packets are combined to form larger ones. This
only works in combination with clients that use Conexant radio
cards.
• $$)#% 1%/$: If this function is activated, the
confirmation for received packets ("ACK") is combined with
other sent packages. This only works in combination with clients that use Conexant radio cards.
• 3% 4: If "Direct link" is activated, logged-on clients
can exchange data directly, without routing via the access
point. This only works in combination with clients that use
Conexant radio cards.
By default, 7 6%, $$)#% 1%!
/$ and 3% 4 are activated.
192
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Beacon Period
Only if Operation Mode = 1%%&& or 1%%&& 6/
with Client Mode 1 8%.
Enter the time in milliseconds between the sending of two
beacons.
This value is transmitted in Beacon and Probe Response
Frames.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is msec.
DTIM Period
Only if Operation Mode = 1%%&& or 1%%&& 6/
with Client Mode 1 8%.
Enter the interval for the Delivery Traffic Indication Message
(DTIM).
The DTIM field is a data field in transmitted beacons that informs clients about the window to the next broadcast or multicast transmission. If clients operate in power save mode, they
come alive at the right time and receive the data.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
RTS Threshold
Here, you select how the RTS/CTS mechanism is to be
switched on/off.
If you choose 5& 3, in the input field you can specify
the data packet length threshold in bytes (1..2346) as of which
the RTS/CTS mechanism is to be used. This makes sense if
several clients that are not in each other's wireless range are
run in one access point. The mechanism can also be switched
on/off independently of the data packet length by selecting the
value 1/)& or 1/)& (default value).
Short Retry Limit
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Enter the maximum number of attempts to send a frame of
length less than or equal to the value defined in RTS
193
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
. After this many failed attempts, the packet is discarded.
Possible values are to .
The default value is ..
Long Retry Limit
Enter the maximum number of attempts to send a data packet
of length less than or equal to the value defined in RTS
Threshold. After this many failed attempts, the packet is discarded.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Fragmentation
Threshold
Enter the maximum size as of which the data packets are to be
fragmented (i.e. split into smaller units). A low value is recommended for this field in areas with poor reception and in the
event of radio interference.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is ' bytes.
ED Threshold
Define the Energy Detection threshold for CCA (Clear Channel
Assessment).
Possible values are !.' to .'..
The default value is .
CW Min
Define the maximum size of the contention window.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is .
CW Max
Define the minimum size of the contention window.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is '.
Max Receive Lifetime
194
Enter the time from receipt of the first fragment of a data packet
as of which no further attempts are made. The data packet is
discarded.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values are to ..
The default value is msec.
Max Transmit MSDU
Lifetime
Enter the time from sending of the first fragment of a data packet as of which no further send attempts are made. The data
packet is discarded.
Possible values are to ..
The default value is msec.
If 1%%&& 6/ has been selected for the Operation Mode with Client Mode !
&
%
, the following parameters will also be available under Advanced Settings.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Access Client Mode menu
Field
Description
Scan channels
Only for Operation Mode = 1%%&& 6/, Client Mode =
&
%
and Operation Band = 8G.
Choose the channels which the WLAN client automatically
scans for available wireless networks.
The function is enabled by default. All channels are scanned. If
the function is disabled, you can define the required channels
under Selected Channels.
User Defined Channel
Plan
Roaming Profile
Only for Scan channels = 5& Define the channels which the WLAN client automatically scans
for available wireless networks.
Select the roaming profile. The options available include typical
roaming functions.
Possible values:
• 7& <$: The WLAN client searches for available
wireless networks as soon as the radio signal of the existing
radio connection becomes unsuitable for higher data rates.
• */ <$ (default value): Standard roaming.
• -/ <$: The WLAN client searches for available
wireless networks as soon as the radio signal of the existing
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
195
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
radio connection becomes weaker.
• * <$: The WLAN client searches for available wireless networks if it is no longer connected to a wireless network.
• 6
& <$: Specify the individual roaming parameters.
Scan Threshold
Indicates the value in dBm above which the system scans for
available wireless networks in the background.
The value can only be changed for Roaming Profile = 6
&
<$. The default value is !. =.
Scan Interval
Indicates the interval in milliseconds after which the system
scans for available wireless networks.
The value can only be changed for Roaming Profile = 6
&
<$. The default value is &.
Channel Sweep
Indicates how many frequencies are scanned in the background.
The value can only be changed for Roaming Profile = 6
&
<$. The default value is . The value disables the scan
in the background. The value ! enables the scan of all available frequencies.
Min. Time Period for Act- Indicates the minimum time in milliseconds a frequency is active Scan
ively scanned.
The value can only be changed for Roaming Profile = 6
&
<$. The default value is &.
Max. Time Period for
Active Scan
Indicates the maximum time in milliseconds a frequency is actively scanned.
The value can only be changed for Roaming Profile = 6
&
<$. The default value is &.
Min. Time Period for
Passive Scan
Indicates the minimum time in milliseconds a frequency is passively scanned.
The value can only be changed for Roaming Profile = 6
&
<$. The default value is &.
Max. Time Period for
Passive Scan
196
Indicates the maximum time in milliseconds a frequency is actively scanned.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The value can only be changed for Roaming Profile = 6
&
<$. The default value is &.
RTS Threshold
Select how the RTS/CTS mechanism is to be switched on/off.
If you choose 5& 3, in the input field you can specify
the data packet length threshold in bytes (1..2346) as of which
the RTS/CTS mechanism is to be used. This makes sense if
several clients that are not in each other's wireless range are
run in one access point. The mechanism can also be switched
on/off independently of the data packet length by selecting the
value 1/)& or 1/)& (default value).
Short Retry Limit
Enter the maximum number of attempts to send a frame of
length less than or equal to the value defined in RTS
Threshold. After this many failed attempts, the packet is discarded.
Possible values are to .
The default value is ..
Long Retry Limit
Enter the maximum number of attempts to send a data packet
of length less than or equal to the value defined in RTS
Threshold. After this many failed attempts, the packet is discarded.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Fragmentation
Threshold
Enter the maximum size as of which the data packets are to be
fragmented (i.e. split into smaller units). A low value is recommended for this field in areas with poor reception and in the
event of radio interference.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is ' bytes.
ED Threshold
Define the Energy Detection threshold for CCA (Clear Channel
Assessment).
Possible values are !.' to .'..
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
197
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The default value is .
CW Min.
Define the maximum size of the contention window.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is .
CW Max.
Define the minimum size of the contention window.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is '.
Max. Receive Lifetime
Enter the time from receipt of the first fragment of a data packet
as of which no further attempts are made. The data packet is
discarded.
Possible values are to ..
The default value is msec.
Max. Transmit MSDU
Lifetime
Enter the time from sending of the first fragment of a data packet as of which no further send attempts are made. The data
packet is discarded.
Possible values are to ..
The default value is msec.
198
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
13 Wireless LAN
13.1.2 Virtual Service Sets
If you operate your device in access point mode (Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Wireless
Module Settings -> -> Operating Mode = 1%%&& ), you can set up and edit the
desired wireless networks in the Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Wireless Networks (VSS) ->
->/New menu.
Note
The preset wireless network Funkwerk-EC has the following security settings in the ex
works state:
• Security Mode = 01!-2
• WPA Mode = 01 01
• WPA Cipher and WPA2 Cipher = 1- +2
• The Preshared Key is filled with an internal system value, which you must change
during configuration.
Setting network names
In contrast to a LAN set up over Ethernet, a wireless LAN does not have any cables for setting up a permanent connection between the server and clients. Access violations or faults
may therefore occur with directly adjacent radio networks. To prevent this, every radio network has a parameter that uniquely identifies the network and is comparable with a domain
name. Only clients with a network configuration that matches that of your device can communicate in this WLAN. The corresponding parameter is called the network name. In the
network environment, it is sometimes also referred to as the SSID.
Protection of wireless networks
As data can be transmitted over the air in the WLAN, this data can in theory be intercepted
and read by any attacker with the appropriate resources. Particular attention must therefore
be paid to protecting the wireless connection.
There are three security modes, WEP, WPA-PSK and WPA Enterprise. WPA Enterprise offers the highest level of security, but this security mode is only really suitable for companies, because it requires a central authentication server. Private users should choose WEP
or preferably WPA-PSK with higher security as their security mode.
WEP
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
199
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
802.11 defines the WEP security standard (Wired Equivalent Privacy = encryption of data
with 40 bits (Security Mode = 0 ) or 104 bits (Security Mode = 0 ). However,
this widely used WEP has proven susceptible to failure. However, a higher degree of security can only be achieved through hardware-based encryption which required additional
configuration (for example 3DES or AES). This permits even sensitive data from being
transferred via a radio path without fear of it being stolen.
IEEE 802.11i
Standard IEEE 802.11i for wireless systems contains basic security specifications for wireless networks, in particular with regard to encryption. It replaces the insecure WEP (Wired
Equivalent Privacy) with WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access). It also includes the use of the advanced encryption standard (AES) to encrypt data.
WPA
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) offers additional privacy by means of dynamic keys based
on the Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP), and offers PSK (preshared keys) or Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) via 802.1x (e.g. RADIUS) for user authentication.
Authentication using EAP is usually used in large wireless LAN installations, as an authentication instance in the form of a server (e.g. a RADIUS server) is used in these cases. PSK
(preshared keys) are usually used in smaller networks, such as those seen in SoHo (Small
office, Home office). Therefore, all the wireless LAN subscribers must know the PSK, because it is used to generate the session key.
WPA2
WPA2 is the enhancement of WPA. In WPA2, the 802.11i standard is not only implemented for the first time in full, but another encryption algorithm AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard) is also used.
Access control
You can control which clients can access your wireless LAN via your device by creating an
Access control list (ACL Mode or MAC Filter). In the Access Control List, you enter the
MAC addresses of the clients that may access your wireless LAN. All other clients have no
access.
Security measures
To protect the data transferred on the WLAN, you may need to carry out the following configuration steps in the Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Wireless Networks (VSS) ->New->/
menu:
200
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
13 Wireless LAN
• Change the access passwords for your device.
• Change the default SSID, Network Name (SSID) = 7
!% , of your access
point. Set Visible = #/. This will exclude all WLAN clients that attempt to establish
a connection with the general value for Network Name (SSID) 1) and do not know the
SSID settings.
• Use the available encryption methods. To do this, select Security Mode = 0 , 0
, 01 -2 or 01 ,& or both, and enter the relevant key in the access
point under WEP Key1 - 4 or Preshared Key and in the WLAN clients.
• The WEP key should be changed regularly. To do this, change the Data Transfer Key .
Select the longer 104 Bit WEP key.
• For the transfer of highly security-critical informationen, Security Mode = 01!
,& should be configured with WPA Mode = 01 . This method contains
hardware-based encryption and RADIUS authentication of the client. In special cases,
combination with IPSec is possible.
• Restrict WLAN access to permitted clients. Enter the MAC addresses of the wireless network cards of these clients in the Permitted Addresses -list in the MAC Filter menu (see
Fields in the MAC Filter menu on page 205).
In the Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Virtual Service Sets menu, a list of all WLAN networks
shown.
13.1.2.1 Virtual Service Sets -> Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to configure other wire-
less networks.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
201
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 76: Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Virtual Service Sets ->
The Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Virtual Service Sets ->
/New
->/New menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the Virtual Service Sets Service Set Parameters menu
Field
Description
Network Name (SSID)
Enter the name of the wireless network (SSID).
Enter an ASCII string with a maximum of 32 characters.
Also select whether the Network Name (SSID) is to be transmitted.
The network name is shown by choosing ;&#/.
It is visible by default.
Intra-cell Repeating
Select whether communication between the WLAN clients is to
be permitted within a radio cell.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
ARP Processing
202
Select whether the ARP processing function should be enabled.
The ARP data traffic is reduced in the network by the fact that
ARP broadcasts that have been converted to ARP unicasts are
forwarded to IP addresses that are known internally. Unicasts
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
are quicker and clients with an enabled power save function are
not addressed.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Make sure that ARP processing cannot be applied in conjunction with the MAC bridge function.
WMM
Select whether voice or video prioritisation via WMM (Wireless
Multimedia) is to be activated for the wireless network so that
optimum transmission quality is always achieved for time-critical
applications. Data prioritisation is supported in accordance with
DSCP (Differentiated Services Code Point) or IEEE802.1d.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Max. Clients
Enter the maximum number of clients that can be connected to
this wireless network (SSID)
The maximum number of clients that can register with a wireless module depends on the specifications of the respective
WLAN module. This number can be shared across all configured wireless networks. If the maximum number of clients is
reached, no more new wireless networks can be created and a
warning message will appear.
Fields in the Virtual Service Sets Security Settings menu
Field
Description
Security Mode
Select the security mode (encryption and authentication) for the
wireless network.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Neither encryption nor authentication
• 0 : WEP 40 Bit
• 0 : WEP 104 Bit
• 01!-2: WPA Preshared Key
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
203
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 01!,&: 802.11i/TKIP
Transmit Key
Only if Security Mode = 0 E 0 Select one of the keys configured in WEP Key <1 - 4> as the
default key.
The default value is 2) .
WEP Key 1-4
Only if Security Mode = 0 , 0 Enter the WEP key.
Enter a character string with the right number of characters for
the selected WEP mode. For 0 you need a string of 5
characters, 0 13 characters. For example // for
0 , !, for 0 .
WPA Mode
Only if Security Mode = 01!-2 and 01!,&
Select whether you want to use WPA (with TKIP encryption) or
WPA 2 (with AES encryption), or both.
Possible values:
• 01 01 (default value): WPA and WPA 2 can be
used.
• 01 : Only WPA is used.
• 01 : Only WPA2 is used.
WPA Cipher
Only for Security Mode = 01!-2 and 01!,&
and for WPA Mode = 01 and 01 01
Select the type of encryption you want to apply to WPA.
Possible values:
• +2 (default value): TKIP is used.
• 1-: AES is used.
• 1- +2: AES or TKIP is used.
WPA2 Cipher
204
Only for Security Mode = 01!-2 and 01!,&
and for WPA Mode = 01 and 01 01
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Select the type of encryption you want to apply to WPA2.
Possible values:
• 1- (default value): AES is used.
• +2 : TKIP is used.
• 1- +2: AES or TKIP is used.
Preshared Key
Only if Security Mode = 01!-2
Enter the WPA password.
Enter an ASCII string with 8 - 63 characters.
Note: Change the default Preshared Key! If the key has not
been changed, your device will not be protected against unauthorised access!
EAP Preauthentification
Only if Security Mode = 01!,&
Select whether the EAP preauthentification function is to be activated. This function tells your device that WLAN clients, which
are already connected to another access point, can first carry
out 802.1x authentication as soon as they are within range.
Such WLAN clients can then simply connect over the existing
network connection with your device.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Fields in the MAC Filter menu
Field
Description
ACL Mode
Select whether only certain clients are to be permitted for this
wireless network.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Allowed Addresses
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Use Add to make entries and enter the MAC addresses (MAC
Address) of the clients to be permitted.
205
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
13.1.3 WDS Links
If you operate your device in access point mode (Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Radio Settings -> -> Operating Mode = 1%%&& ), you can set up and edit the desired
WDS links in the Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> WDS links ->
->/New menu.
Important
The WDS link can only be configured in the 2.4 GHz band and in the 5 GHz band indoor if the channel is NOT 1
.
The number of channels you can selected depends on the country setting. Please consult
the data sheet for your device.
WDS links (WDS = Wireless Distribution System) are static links between access points
(AP), which are generally used to connect clients with networks that are not directly accessible to them e.g. because the distance is too great. The access point sends from one
client to another access point, which then forwards the data to another client.
Important
Note that the data is transferred between the access points in unencrypted form over
the WDS link in the default configuration. You are therefore urgently advised to apply
one of the available security methods (WEP40 or WEP104) to protect data on WDS
links.
WDS links are configured as interfaces with the prefix &. They behave like VSS interface
and only differ from these with respect to the predefined routing. A WDS link is defined as a
transit network: this relates to a point-to-point connection or point-to-multipoint connection
between two access points that are included in different networks.
13.1.3.1 WDS Links -> New/
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to configure other
WDS links.
206
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 77: Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> WDS Links ->
The Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> WDS Links ->
->/New
->/New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the WDS Links Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
WDS Description
Enter a name for the WDS link.
If the 5& - option is activated, the generated name
of the interface is automatically used.
If the option is not activated, you can enter a suitable name in
the input field.
The 5& - option is enabled by default.
Fields in the WDS Security Settings menu
Field
Description
Privacy
Select whether an encryption method is to be used for this WDS
link and if so, which one.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Data traffic on this WDS link is not encrypted.
• 0: Data traffic on this WDS link is encrypted with
WEP40. In WEP Key 1 - 4, enter the key for this WDS link
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
207
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
and in Transmission Key , select the default key.
• 0: Data traffic on this WDS link is encrypted with
WEP104. In WEP Key 1 - 4, enter the key for this WDS link
and in Transmission Key , select the default key.
• 01 : Data traffic on this WDS link is encrypted with WPA.
Enter the key for this WDS link in Preshared Key.
• 01 : Data traffic on this WDS link is encrypted with WPA.
Enter the key for this WDS link in Preshared Key.
Transmit Key
Only if Privacy = 0
, 0
Select one of the keys configured in WEP Key <1 - 4> as the
default key.
The default value is 2) .
WEP Key 1 - 4
Only if Privacy = 0, 0
Enter the WEP key. There are two ways of entering a WEP key:
• Direct entry in hexadecimal form
If the entry starts with ?, the generator is deactivated. Enter
a hexadecimal string with exactly the right number of characters for the selected WEP mode. 10 characters for 0 or
26 characters for 0 e.g. 0: ?1='.6,
0: ?36=3=336'3=3'
• Direct entry of ASCII characters
Enter a character string with the right number of characters for
the selected WEP mode. For 0 you need a string of 5
characters, 0 13 characters. For example // for
0, !, for 0.
Preshared Key
Only if Privacy = 01
, 01 Enter the WPA password.
Enter an ASCII string with 8 - 63 characters.
208
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the Remote Partner menu
Field
Description
Remote MAC Address
Enter the MAC Address of the WDS partner.
13.1.4 Client Link
If you operate your device in access client mode (Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Wireless
Module Settings -> -> Operating Mode = 1%%&& 6/), you can set up and edit
the available Client Links in the Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Client Links ->
-> menu.
Client mode can operate in infrastructure mode or in ad-hoc mode. In a network in infrastructure mode, all clients communicate with each other exclusively via access points
There is no direct communication between the individual clients.
.
In ad-hoc mode, an access client can be used as central interface between a number of
terminals. In this way, devices such as computers and printers can be wirelessly interconnected.
13.1.4.1 Client Link ->
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries.
Fig. 78: Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Client Link ->
The Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Client Link ->
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
->
-> menu consists of the following fields:
209
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the Client Link Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Network Name (SSID)
Enter the name of the wireless network (SSID).
Enter an ASCII string with a maximum of 32 characters.
Fields in the Client Link Security Settings menu
Field
Description
Security Mode
Select the security mode (encryption and authentication) for the
wireless network.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Neither encryption nor authentication
• 0 : WEP 40 Bit
• 0 : WEP 104 Bit
• 01 *: Only if Client Mode = 1 8%. WPA None:
• 01!-2: Only if Client Mode = &
%
. WPA
Preshared Key
Transmit Key
Only if Security Mode = 0 E 0 Select one of the keys configured in WEP Key <1 - 4> as the
default key.
The default value is 2) .
WEP Key 1-4
Only if Security Mode = 0 , 0 Enter the WEP key.
Enter a character string with the right number of characters for
the selected WEP mode. For 0 you need a string of 5
characters, 0 13 characters. For example // for
0 , !, for 0 .
WPA Mode
Only if Security Mode = 01!-2
Select whether you want to use WPA (with TKIP encryption) or
WPA 2 (with AES encryption), or both.
Possible values:
210
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 01 (default value): Only WPA is used.
• 01 : Only WPA2 is used.
Preshared Key
Only if Security Mode = 01!-2
Enter the WPA password.
Enter an ASCII string with 8 - 63 characters.
WPA Cipher
Only for Security Mode = 01!-2 and WPA Mode = 01
Select which encryption method should be used.
Possible values:
• +2 (default value): Temporal Key Integrity Protocol.
• 1-: Advanced Encryption Standard.
• 1- +2
Both encryption methods are rated as secure, with AES offering
better performance.
WPA2 Cipher
Only for Security Mode = 01!-2 and WPA Mode = 01
Select which encryption method should be used.
Possible values:
• +2 (default value): Temporal Key Integrity Protocol.
• 1-: Advanced Encryption Standard.
• 1- +2
Both encryption methods are rated as secure, with AES offering
better performance.
13.1.4.2 Client Link Scan
After the desired Client Links have been configured, the
icon is shown in the list.
You use this icon to open the Scan menu.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
211
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 79: Wireless LAN -> WLAN -> Client Link -> Scan
After successful scanning, a selection of potential scan partners is displayed in the scan
list. In the Action column, click [Select] to connect the local clients with this client. If the
partners are connected with one another, the
icon appears in the Connected column.
The
icon appears in the Connected column if the connection is active.
The Wireless LAN -> WLAN-> Client Link -> Scan menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Client Link Scan menu
Field
Description
Client Link Description
Displays the name of the client link you configured.
Action
Start the scan by clicking on Scan.
If the antennas are installed correctly on both sides and LOS is
free, the client finds available clients and displays them in the
following list.
If the partner client cannot be found, check the line of sight and
the antenna installation. Then carry out the Scan again. The
partner should then be found.
212
AP MAC Address
Shows the MAC Address of the remote client.
Network Name (SSID)
Displays the name of the remote client.
Channel
Shows the Channel used.
Mode
Shows the security mode (encryption and authentication) for the
wireless network.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Signal
Displays the signal strength of the detected client link in dBm.
Connected
Displays the status of the link on your client.
Action
You can change the status of the client link. The available actions are displayed in this field.
13.2 Administration
The Wireless LAN -> Administration menu contains basic settings for running your gateway as an access point (AP).
13.2.1 Basic Setup
Fig. 80: Wireless LAN -> Administration -> Basic Settings
The Wireless LAN -> Administration -> Basic Settings menu consists of the following
fields:
Field in the Basic Settings WLAN Administration menu
Field
Description
Region
Select the country in which the access point is to be run.
Possible values are all the countries configured on the gateway's wireless module.
The range of channels available for selection (Channel in the
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
213
13 Wireless LAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
WLAN Wireless Modules menu) changes depending on the
country setting.
The default value is ).
214
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14 Routing
Chapter 14 Routing
14.1 Routes
Default Route
With a default route, all data is automatically forwarded to one connection if no other suitable route is available. If you set up access to the Internet, you must configure the route to
your Internet Service Provider (ISP) as a default route. If, for example, you configure a corporate network connection, only enter the route to the head office or branch office as a default route if you do not configure Internet access over your device. If, for example, you
configure both Internet access and a corporate network connection, enter a default route to
the ISP and a network route to the head office. You can enter several default routes on
your device, but only one default route can be active at any one time. If you enter several
default routes, you should make sure the values for Metric are different.
14.1.1 IP Routes
In the Routing -> Routes -> IP Routes menu a list of all configured routes is shown.
14.1.1.1 Edit/New
Choose the
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to create routes.
215
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 81: Routing -> Routes -> IP Routes -> New with Extended Route = * %
If the ? <
option is selected for Route Class, an extra configuration section
opens.
Fig. 82: Routing -> Routes -> IP Routes -> New with Extended Route = 1%
216
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The Routing -> Routes -> IP Routes-> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the IP Routes Route Class menu
Field
Description
Extended Route
Select whether the route is to be defined with extended parameters. If the function is active, a route is created with extended
routing parameters such as source interface and source IP address, as well as protocol, source and destination port, type of
service (TOS) and the status of the device interface.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Fields in the IP Routes Route Parameters menu
Field
Description
Route Type
Select the type of route.
Possible values:
• * <
(default value): Route to a network.
• 3
/ <
: Is used if no other suitable route is available.
• 8& <
: Route to a single host.
Destination IP Address/
Netmask
Only if Route Type 8& <
or * <
Enter the IP address of the destination host.
If Route Type = * <
also enter the netmask in the
second field. If no entry is made, your device uses a default netmask.
Interface
If necessary, enter the interface to be used for this route.
Network Type
Not for Route Type = - <
Also select the network type.
Possible values:
• 3% (default value):
• in the LAN: You define another IP address for the interface.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
217
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• in the WAN: You define a route without a transit network.
• %:
• in the LAN: You define a gateway route.
• in the WAN: You define a route with a transit network.
Local IP Address
Only for Network Type = 3%.
Enter the IP address of the gateway to which your device is to
forward the IP packets.
Gateway
Only for Network Type = %.
Enter the IP address of the host to which your device is to forward the IP packets.
Metric
Select the priority of the route.
The lower the value, the higher the priority of the route.
Value range from to , The default value is .
Fields in the IP Routes Extended Route Parameters menu
Field
Description
Source Interface
Select the interface over which the data packets are to reach
the device.
The default value is *
Source IP Address/Netmask
Enter the IP address and netmask of the source host or source
network.
Layer 4 Protocol
Select a protocol.
Possible values: 6( , +6 , 53 , < , - , 18 , @-7 ,
4+, 1) .
The default value is 1)
Source Port
Only if Layer 4 Protocol = +6 or 53.
Enter the source port.
218
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
First select the port number range.
Possible values:
• 1) (default value): The route is valid for all port numbers.
• -$/: Enables the entry of a port number.
• <$: Enables the entry of a range of port numbers.
• /$: Entry of privileged port numbers: 0 ... 1023.
• -: Entry of server port numbers: 5000 ... 32767.
• 6/& : Entry of client port numbers: 1024 ... 4999.
• 6/& : Entry of client port numbers: 32768 ... 65535.
• * ,/$: Entry of unprivileged port numbers: 1024
... 65535.
Enter the appropriate values for the indivividual port or start port
of a range in Port and, for a range, the end port in to Port.
Destination Port
Only if Layer 4 Protocol = +6 or 53.
Enter the destination port.
First select the port number range.
Possible values:
• 1) (default value): The route is valid for all port numbers.
• -$/: Enables the entry of a port number.
• <$: Enables the entry of a range of port numbers.
• /$: Entry of privileged port numbers: 0 ... 1023.
• -: Entry of server port numbers: 5000 ... 32767.
• 6/& : Entry of client port numbers: 1024 ... 4999.
• 6/& : Entry of client port numbers: 32768 ... 65535.
• * ,/$: Entry of unprivileged port numbers: 1024
... 65535.
Enter the appropriate values for the indivividual port or start port
of a range in Port and, for a range, the end port in to Port.
DSCP / TOS Value
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Select the Type of Service (TOS).
219
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• $ (default value): The type of service is ignored.
• 3-6 =) ;/
: Differentiated Services Code Point
according to RFC 3260 is used to signal the priority of IP
packets (indicated in binary format; currently not implemented).
• 3-6 3%/ ;/
: Differentiated Services Code Point
according to RFC 3260 is used to signal the priority of IP
packets (indicated in decimal format; currently not implemented).
• [email protected] =) ;/
: The TOS value is specified in binary
format, e.g. 00111111.
• [email protected] 3%/ ;/
: The TOS value is specified in decimal
format, e.g. 63.
Enter the relevant value for 3-6, [email protected] =) ;/
and
[email protected] 3%/ ;/
.
Mode
Select when the interface defined in Route Parameters -> Interface is to be used.
Possible values:
• 3/
, (default value): The route can be used if
the interface is "up". If the interface is "dormant", then dial and
wait until the interface is "up".
• 1
: The route can always be used.
• 3/
, %
: The route can be used if the interface is "up". If the interface is "dormant", then select and use
the alternative route (rerouting) until the interface is "up".
• * /
,: The route can be used if the interface is
"up".
• 1/)& /
,: The route can be used if the interface is
"up". If the interface is "dormant", then dial and wait until the
interface is "up". In this case, an alternative interface with a
poorer metric is used for routing until the interface is "up".
220
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14.1.2 Options
Back Route Verify
The term Back Route Verify describes a very simple but powerful function. If a check is activated for an interface, incoming data packets are only accepted over this interface if outgoing response packets are routed over the same interface. You can therefore prevent the
acceptance of packets with false IP addresses - even without using filters.
Fig. 83: Routing -> Routes -> Options
The Routing -> Routes -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Return Route Checking menu
Field
Description
Mode
Select how the interfaces to be activated for Back Route Verify
are to be specified.
Possible values:
• #/ // %&: Back Route Verify is activated for all interfaces.
• #/ &,%% %& (default value): A
list of all interfaces is displayed in which Back Route Verify is
only enabled for specific interfaces.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
221
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 3&#/ // %&: Back Route Verify is disabled for all interfaces.
No.
Only for Mode = #/ &,%% %&
Displays the serial number of the list entry.
Interface
Only for Mode = #/ &,%% %&
Displays the name of the interface.
Back Route Verify
Only for Mode = #/ &,%% %&
Select whether <
<
6%$ is to be enabled for
this interface.
The function is activated with #/.
By default, the function is deactivated for all interfaces.
Fields in the Options General menu
Field
Description
Allow deleting/editing all Define whether all the routes entered on your device can be edrouting entries
ited and deleted in the Routing -> Routes -> Routes menu.
The function is activated with #/.
By default, the function is deactivated for all interfaces.
14.2 NAT
Network Address Translation (NAT) is a function on your device for defined conversion of
source and destination addresses of IP packets. If NAT is activated, IP connections are still
only allowed by default in one direction, outgoing (forward) (= protective function). Exceptions to the rule can be configured (in NAT Configuration on page 224).
14.2.1 NAT Interfaces
In the Routing -> NAT -> NAT Interfaces menu, a list of all NAT interfaces is shown.
222
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 84: Routing -> NAT -> NAT Interfaces
For each NAT interface, you can select the options *1+ 1%, -/ 3) and
+ &&
$.
In addition, $& displays how many port forwarding rules were configured
for this interface.
Options in the menu NAT Interfaces
Field
Description
NAT active
Select whether NAT is to be activated for the interface.
The function is disabled by default.
Silent Deny
Select whether IP packets are to be silently denied by NAT. If
this function is deactivated, the sender of the denied IP packet
is informed by means of an ICMP or TCP RST message.
The function is disabled by default.
PPTP Passthrough
Select whether the setup and operation of several simultaneous, outgoing PPTP connections from hosts in the network are
also to be permitted if NAT is activated.
The function is disabled by default.
If PPTP Passthrough is enabled, the device itself cannot be
configured as a tunnel endpoint.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
223
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Portforwardings
Shows the number of portforwarding rules configured in Routing -> NAT -> NAT Configuration .
14.2.2 NAT Configuration
In the Routing -> NAT -> NAT Configuration menu you can exclude data from NAT in a
simple and convenient manner. You can configure var- ious NAT methods. You can determine how an external host establishes a con- nection to an internal host (refer to RFC
3489).
14.2.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up NAT.
Fig. 85: Routing -> NAT -> NAT Configuration -> New
The Routing -> NAT -> NAT Configuration -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the NAT Configuration Basic Parameters menu
224
Field
Description
Description
Enter a description for the NAT Configuration.
Interface
Select the interface for which NAT is to be configured.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• 1) (default value): NAT is to be configured for all interfaces.
• A% B : Select an interface from the list.
Type of traffic
Select the type of data traffic for which NAT is to be configured.
Possible values:
• %$ 3& *1+" (default value): The data
traffic that comes from outside.
• $$
side.
-
% *1+" : The data traffic that goes out-
• ?%/
$ 0
*1+" : The data traffic that is excluded from NAT.
NAT method
Only for Type of traffic = $$
-
% *1+".
Select the NAT method for outgoing data traffic. The starting
point for choosing the NAT method is a NAT scenario where an
"internal" source host has initialized an IP connection to an "external" destination host over a NAT interface and where an internal valid source address and an internal valid source port are
mapped to an external valid source address and an external
valid source port.
Possible values:
• //!%(only UDP): Any external host may send IP packets to the initializing source address and the initial source port
via external address and external port.
• &%!%(only UDP): The same as full-cone NAT;
for the external host, howev- er, the initial "external" destination host must be used.
• ,!&%!%(only UDP): The same as restricted-cone NAT; but only data from the initial destination port
are allowed.
• &)% (default value) any protocol: In outgoing direction, an external valid source address and an external valid
source port are administratively set. In incoming direc- tion,
only response packets within the es- tablished connection are
permitted.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
225
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
In the NAT Configuration -> Specify original traffic menu you can configure for which
data traffic NAT is to be used.
Fields in the NAT Configuration Specify original traffic menu
Field
Description
Service
Not for Type of traffic = $$ -
% *1+" and NAT
method = //!%, &%!% or ,!
&%!%.
Select one of the preconfigured services.
Possible values:
• 5&! (default value)
• A-% B
Protocol
For certain services only.
Not for Type of traffic = $$ -
% *1+" and NAT
method = //!%, &%!% or ,!
&%!%. In this case, UDP is selected automatically.
Select a protocol. Depending on the selected service different
protocolls are available.
Possible values:
• 1) (default value)
• 18
• 6&
• • -
• • <
• 8(
• 6(
• igmp
• • <
• 226
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• • • C • [email protected]!
• 2),/
• 4+
• @-7
• 5
• <3
• <-;
• -2
• +6
• +4-
• 53
• ;<<
• C*-!3
Source IP Address / NetEnter the source IP address and, if required, the corresponding
mask
netmask of the original data packets.
Source Port
Only for Type of traffic = $$ -
% *1+", NAT
method = &)&% and Service = 5&!.
Enter the source port of the original data pack- ets. The default
setting 1// means that the port is not specified.
Source Port/Range
Not for Type of traffic = $$ -
% *1+"Enter the
source port or the source port range of the original data packets. The default setting 1// means that the port is not specified.
Destination IP Address / Enter the destination IP address and, if required, the corresNetmask
ponding netmask of the original data packets.
Destination Port/Range
Only for Service = 5&!
Enter the destination port or the destination port range of the
original data packets. The default setting 1// means that the
port is not specified.
In the NAT Configuration ->Replacement Values menu you can define new address and
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
227
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
ports, depending on whether the data traffic is incoming or outgoing, to which specific address and ports are translated from the NAT Configuration -> Specify original traffic
menu.
Fields in the NAT Configuration Replacement Values menu
Field
Description
New Destination IP Address/Netmask
Only for Type of Traffic = %$
New Destination Port
3& *1+".
Enter the destination IP address and, if required, the corresponding netmask to which the original destination IP address is
to be translated.
Only for Type of Traffic = %$
3& *1+".
Leave the destination port as it appears or enter the destination
port to which the original destination port is to be translated.
Selecting @$/ leaves the original destina- tion port. If you
disable @$/ , an input field appears in which you can
enter a new destina- tion port.
@$/ is active by default.
Source IP Address / Net- Only for Type of Traffic = $$
mask
method = &)%.
-
% *1+"and NAT
Enter the source IP address and, if required, the corresponding
netmask to which the origi- nal source IP address is to be translated.
New Source Port
Only for Type of Traffic = $$
method = &)%.
-
% *1+"and NAT
Leave the source port as it appears or enter a new source port
to which the original source port is to be translated.
Selecting @$/ leaves the original source port. If you disable @$/, an input field appears in which you can enter a
new source q-port.
@$/ is active by default.
228
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14 Routing
14.3 RIP
The entries in the routing table can be defined statically or the routing table can be updated
constantly by dynamic exchange of routing information between several devices. This exchange is controlled by a Routing Protocol, e.g. RIP (Routing Information Protocol). By default, about every 30 seconds (this value can be changed in Update Timer), a device
sends messages to remote networks using information from its own current routing table.
The complete routing table is always exchanged in this process. If triggered RIP is used, information is only exchanged if the routing information has changed. In this case, only the
changed information is sent.
Observing the information sent by other devices enables new routes and shorter paths for
existing routes to be saved in the routing table. As intermediate routes between networks
can become unreachable, RIP removes routes that are older than 5 minutes (i.e. routes not
verified in the last 300 seconds - Garbage Collection Timer + Route Timeout). Routes
learnt with triggered RIP are not deleted.
Your device supports both version 1 and version 2 of RIP, either individually or together.
14.3.1 RIP Interfaces
In the Routing -> RIP -> RIP Interfaces menu, a list of all RIP interfaces is shown.
Fig. 86: Routing -> RIP ->RIP Interfaces
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
229
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14.3.1.1 Edit
For each RIP interface, you can, in the
menu, select the options - ;&, <!
% ;& and <
1
%.
Fig. 87: Routing -> RIP -> RIP Interfaces->
The Routing -> RIP -> RIP Interfaces->
menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the RIP Parameters for <Interface> menu
Field
Description
Send Version
Decide whether routes are to be propagated via RIP and if so,
select the RIP version for sending RIP packets over the interface in send direction.
Possible values:
• * (default value): RIP is not enabled.
• < ;: Enables sending and receiving of version 1 RIP
packets.
• < ;: Enables sending and receiving of version 2 RIP
packets.
• < ;9;: Enables sending and receiving of both version 1
and version 2 RIP packets.
230
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• < ; (
/%&: For sending RIP V2 messages over
the multicast address 224.0.0.9.
• < ; +$$: RIP V1 messages are sent, received
and processed as per RFC 2091 (triggered RIP).
• < ; +$$: RIP V2 messages are sent, received
and processed as per RFC 2091 (triggered RIP).
Receive Version
Decide whether routes are to be imported via RIP and if so, select the RIP version for receiving RIP packets over the interface
in receive direction.
Possible values:
• * (default value): RIP is not enabled.
• < ;: Enables sending and receiving of version 1 RIP
packets.
• < ;: Enables sending and receiving of version 2 RIP
packets.
• < ;9;: Enables sending and receiving of both version 1
and version 2 RIP packets.
• < ; +$$: RIP V1 messages are sent, received
and processed as per RFC 2091 (triggered RIP).
• < ; +$$: RIP V2 messages are sent, received
and processed as per RFC 2091 (triggered RIP).
Route Announce
Select this option if you want to set the time at which any activated routing protocols (e.g. RIP) are to propagate the IP routes
defined for this interface.
Note: This setting does not affect the interface-specific RIP configuration mentioned above.
Possible values:
• 5, 3 (not for LAN interfaces, interfaces in Bridge
mode and interfaces for leased lines): Routes are propagated
if the interface status is up or ready.
• 5, @/): Routes are only propagated if the interface status
is up.
• 1/)&: Routes are always propagated independent of operational status.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
231
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14.3.2 RIP Filter
In this menu, you can specify exactly which routes are to be exported or imported.
You can use the following strategies for this:
• You explicitly deactivate the import or export of certain routes. The import or export of all
other routes that are not listed is still allowed.
• You explicitly activate the import or export of certain routes. In this case, you must also
explicitly deactivate the import or export of all other routes. You can do this using a filter
for IP Address = no entry (this corresponds to the IP address 0.0.0.0) with Netmask =
no entry (this corresponds to the netmask 0.0.0.0). To make sure this filter is used last, it
must be placed at the lowest position.
You configure a filter for a default route with the following values:
• IP Address = no entry (this corresponds to the IP address 0.0.0.0) with Netmask =
255.255.255.255
In the Routing -> RIP -> RIP Filters menu, a list of all RIP filters is shown.
Fig. 88: Routing -> RIP -> RIP Filters
You can use the
button to insert another filter above the list entry. The configuration
menu for creating a new window opens.
You can use the
232
button to move the list entry. A dialog box opens, in which you can se-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
lect the position to which the filter is to be moved.
14.3.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up more RIP filters.
Fig. 89: Routing -> RIP -> RIP Filters -> New
The Routing -> RIP -> RIP Filter -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the RIP Filter Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Interface
Select the interface to which the rule to be configured applies.
IP Address/Netmask
Enter the IP address and netmask to which the rule is to be applied. This address can be in the LAN or WAN.
The rules for incoming and outgoing RIP packets (import or export) for the same IP address must be separately configured.
You can enter individual host addresses or network addresses.
Direction
Select whether the filter applies to the export or import of routes.
Possible values:
• , (default value)
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
233
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• ?,
Metric Offset for Active
Interfaces
Select the value to be added to the route metric if the status of
the interface is "up". During export, the value is added to the exported metric if the interface status is "up".
Possible values are ! to .
The default value is .
Metric Offset for Inactive Select the value to be added to the route metric if the status of
Interfaces
the interface is "dormant". During export, the value is added to
the exported metric if the interface status is "dormant".
Possible values are ! to .
The default value is .
14.3.3 RIP Options
Fig. 90: Routing -> RIP -> RIP Options
The Routing-> RIP ->RIP Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the RIP Options Global RIP Parameters menu
234
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
RIP UDP Port
The setting option UDP Port, which is used for sending and receiving RIP updates, is only for test purposes. If the setting is
changed, this can mean that your device sends and listens at a
port that no other devices use. The default value 520 should be
retained.
Default Route Distribution
Select whether the default route of your device is to be propagated via RIP updates.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Poisoned Reverse
Select the procedure for preventing routing loops.
With standard RIP, the routes learnt are propagated over all interfaces with RIP SEND activated. With Poisoned Reverse ,
however, your device propagates over the interface over which
it learnt the routes, with the metric (Next Hop Count) 16
(=“Network is not reachable“).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
RFC 2453 Variable
Timer
For the timers described in RFC 2453, select whether the same
values that you can configure in the Timer for RIP V2 (RFC
2453) menu.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
If you deactivate the function, the times defined in RFC are retained for the timeouts.
RFC 2091 Variable
Timer
For the timers described in RFC 2091, select whether the same
values that you can configure in the Timer for Triggered RIP
(RFC 2091) menu.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
If the function is not activated, the times defined in RFC are re-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
235
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
tained for the timeouts.
Fields in the RIP Options Timer for RIP V2 (RFC 2453) menu
Field
Description
Update Timer
Only for RFC 2453 Variable Timer = #/
An RIP update is sent on expiry of this period of time.
The default value is ' (seconds).
Route Timeout
Only for RFC 2453 Variable Timer = #/
After the last update of a route, the route time is active.
After timeout, the route is deactivated and the Garbage Collection Timer is started.
The default value is (seconds).
Garbage Collection
Timer
Only for RFC 2453 Variable Timer = #/
The Garbage Collection Timer is started as soon as the route
timeout has expired.
After this timeout, the invalid route is deleted from the
IPROUTETABLE if no update is carried out for the route.
The default value is (seconds).
Fields in the RIP Options Timer for Triggered RIP (RFC 2091) menu
Field
Description
Hold Down Timer
Only for RFC 2091 Variable Timer = #/
The hold down timer is activated as soon as your device receives an unreachable route (metric 16). The route may deleted
once this period has elapsed.
The default value is 120 (seconds).
Retransmission Timer
Only for RFC 2091 Variable Timer = #/
After this timeout, update request or update response packets
are sent again until an update flush or update acknowledge
236
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
packet arrives.
The default value is 5 (seconds).
14.4 Load Balancing
The increasing amount of data traffic over the Internet means it is necessary to send data
over different interfaces to increase the total bandwidth available. IP load balancing enables the distribution of data traffic within a certain group of interfaces to be controlled.
14.4.1 Load Balancing Groups
If interfaces are combined to form groups, the data traffic within a group is divided according to the following principles:
• In contrast to Multilink PPP-based solutions, load balancing also functions with accounts
with different providers.
• Session-based load balancing is achieved.
• Related (dependent) sessions are always routed over the same interface.
• A decision on distribution is only made for outgoing sessions.
In the Routing -> Load Balancing -> Load Balancing Groups menu a list of all configured load balancing groups is shown.
14.4.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new groups.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
237
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 91: Routing -> Load Balancing -> Load Balancing Groups -> New
The Routing -> Load Balancing -> Load Balancing Groups -> New menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the Load Balancing Groups Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Group Description
Enter the desired description of the interface group.
Distribution Policy
Select the way the data traffic is to be distributed to the interfaces configured for the group.
Possible values:
• -&&!<
!<# (default value): A newly added
session is assigned to one of the group interfaces according
to the percentage assignment of sessions to the interfaces.
The number of sessions is decisive.
• 4!, =: A newly added session is
assigned to one of the group interfaces according to the share
of the total data rate handled by the interfaces. The current
data rate based on the data traffic is decisive in both the send
and receive direction.
Consider
238
Only for Load Balancing Policy = =E /!
,
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Choose the direction in which the current data rate is to be considered.
Options:
• 3/: Only the data rate in the receive direction is considered.
• 5,/: Only the data rate in the send direction is considered.
The 3/ and 5,/ are deactivated by default.
Distribution Mode
Select the state the interfaces in the group may have if they are
to be included in load balancing.
Possible values:
• 1/)&(default value): Also includes idle interfaces.
• @/) & % %&: Only interfaces in the up
state are included.
In the Interface Selection for Distribution area, you add and configure interfaces that
match the current group context. You can also delete interfaces.
Use Add to create entries.
Fields in the Load Balancing Groups Interface Selection for Distribution menu
Field
Description
Interface
Select the interfaces that are to belong to the group from the
available interfaces.
Distribution Ratio
Enter the percentage of the data traffic to be assigned to an interface.
The meaning differs according to the Distribution Policy used:
• Based on the number of sessions to be distributed for -&!
&!<
!<#.
• For = 4 3, the data rate is the decisive factor.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
239
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14.5 Multicast
What is multicasting?
Many new communication technologies are based on communication from one sender to
several recipients. Therefore, modern telecommunication systems such as voice over IP or
video and audio streaming (e.g. IPTV or Webradio) focus on reducing data traffic, e.g. by
offering TriplePlay (voice, video, data). Multicast is a cost-effective solution for effective use
of bandwidth because the sender of the data packet, which can be received by several recipients, only needs to send the packet once. The packet is sent to a virtual address
defined as a multicast group. Interested recipients log in to these groups.
Other areas of use
One classic area in which multicast is used is for conferences (audio/video) with several recipients. The most well-known are probably the MBone Multimedia Audio Tool (VAT),
Video Conferencing Tool (VIC) and Whiteboard (WB). VAT can be used to hold audio conferences. All subscribers are displayed in a window and the speaker(s) are indicated by a
black box. Other areas of use are of particular interest to companies. Here, multicasting
makes it possible to synchronise the databases of several servers, which is valuable for
multinationals or even companies with just a few locations.
Address range for multicast
For, IPv4 the IP addresses 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255 (224.0.0.0/4) are reserved for
multicast in the class D network. An IP address from this range represents a multicast
group to which several recipients can log in. The multicast router then forwards the required packets to all subnets with logged in recipients.
Multicast basics
Multicast is connectionless, which means that any trouble-shooting or flow control needs to
be guaranteed at application level.
At transport level, UDP is used almost exclusively, as, in contrast to TCP, it is not based on
a point-to-point connection.
At IP level, the main difference is therefore that the destination address does not address a
dedicated host, but rather a group, i.e. during the routing of multicast packets, the decisive
factor is whether a recipient is in a logged-in subnet.
240
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14 Routing
In the local network, all hosts are required to accept all multicast packets. For Ethernet or
FDD, this is based on MAC mapping, where the group address is encoded into the destination MAC Address. For routing between several networks, the routers first need to make
themselves known to all potential recipients in the subnet. This is achieved by means of
Membership Management protocols such as IGMP for IPv4 and MLP for IPv6.
Membership Management protocol
In IPv4, IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol) is a protocol that hosts can use to
provide the router with multicast membership information. IP addresses of the class D address range are used for addressing. An IP address in this class represents a group. A
sender (e.g. Internet radio) sends data to this group. The addresses (IP) of the various
senders within a group are called the source (addresses). Several senders (with different
IP addresses) can therefore transmit to the same multicast group, leading to a 1-to-n relationship between groups and source addresses. This information is forwarded to the router
by means of reports. In the case of incoming multicast data traffic, a router can use this information to decide whether a host in its subnet wants to receive it. Your device supports
the current version IGMP V3, which is upwardly compatible, which means that both V3 and
V1/V2 hosts can be managed.
Your device supports the following multicast mechanisms:
• Forwarding: This relates to static forwarding, i.e. incoming data traffic for a group is
passed in all cases. This is a useful option if multicast data traffic is to be permanently
passed.
• IGMP: IGMP is used to gather information about the potential recipients in a subnet. In
the case of a hop, incoming multicast data traffic can thus be selected.
Tip
With multicast, the focus is on excluding data traffic from unwanted multicast groups.
Note that if forwarding is combined with IGMP, the packets can be forwarded to the
groups specified in the forwarding request.
14.5.1 Forwarding
In this menu, you specify which multicast groups are always passed between the interfaces
of your device.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
241
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
14.5.1.1 New
Choose the New button to create forwarding rules for new multicast groups.
Fig. 92: Routing -> Multicast -> Forwarding ->
The Routing -> Multicast -> Forwarding ->
/New
/New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Forwarding Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
All Multicast Groups
Select whether all multicast groups, i.e. the complete multicast
address range 224.0.0.0/4, are to be forwarded from the defined
Source Interface to the defined Destination Interface To do
this, check Enabled
Disable the option if you only want to forward one defined multicast group to a particular interface.
The option is deactivated by default.
Multicast Group Address Only for All Multicast-Groups = &#/
Enter here the address of the multicast group you want to forward from a defined Source Interface to a defined Destination
Interface
242
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Source Interface
Select the interface on your device to which the selected multicast group is sent.
Destination Interface
Select the interface on your device to which the selected multicast group is to be forwarded.
14.5.2 IGMP
IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol, see RFC 3376) is used to signal the information about group (membership) in a subnet. As a result, only the packets explicitly wanted
by a host enter the subnet.
Special mechanisms ensure that the requirements of the individual clients are taken into
consideration. At the moment there are three versions of IGMP (V1 - V3); most current systems use V3, and less often V2.
Two packet types play a central role in IGMP: queries and reports.
Queries are only transmitted from a router. If several IGMP routers exist in a network, the
router with the lowest IP address is the "querier". We differentiate here between a general
query (sent to 224.0.0.1), a group-specific query (sent to a group address) and the groupand-source-specific query (sent to a specific group address). Reports are only sent by
hosts to respond to queries.
In this menu, you configure the interfaces on which IGMP is to be enabled.
14.5.2.1 New
Choose the New button to configure IGMP on other interfaces.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
243
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 93: Routing -> Multicast -> IGMP ->
The Routing -> Multicast -> IGMP ->
/New
/New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the IGMP IGMP Settings menu
Field
Description
Interface
Select the interface on which IGMP is to be enabled, i.e. queries
are sent and responses are accepted.
Query Interval
Enter the interval in seconds in which IGMP queries are to be
sent.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Maximum Response
Time
For the sending of queries, enter the time interval in seconds
within which hosts must respond. The hosts randomly select a
time delay from this interval before sending the response. This
spreads the load in networks with several hosts, improving performance.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Robustness
244
Select the multiplier for controlling the timer values. A higher
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
value can e.g. compensate for packet loss in a network susceptible to loss. If the value is too high, however, the time between
logging off and stopping of the data traffic can be increased
(leave latency).
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Last Member Query Interval
Define the time after a query for which the router waits for an
answer.
If you shorten the interval, it will be more quickly detected that
the last member has left a group so that no more packets for
this group should be forwarded to this interface.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
IGMP State Limit
Limit the number of reports/queries per second for the selected
interface.
Mode
Specify whether the interface defined here only works in host
mode or in both host mode and routing mode.
Possible values:
• <
$ (default value): The interface is operated in routing
mode and in host mode.
• 8&: The interface is only operated in host mode.
IGMP Proxy
IGMP Proxy enables you to simulate several locally connected interfaces as a subnet to an
adjacent router. Queries coming in to the IGMP Proxy interface are forwarded to the local
subnets. Local reports are forwarded on the IPGM Proxy interface.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
245
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 94: IGMP Proxy
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
IGMP Proxy
Select whether your device is to forward the hosts' IGMP messages in the subnet via its defined Proxy Interface.
Proxy Interface
Select the interface on your device via which queries are to be
received and collected.
14.5.3 Options
In this menu, you can enable and disable IGMP on your system. You can also define
whether IGMP is to be used in compatibility mode or only IGMP V3 hosts are to be accepted.
246
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 95: Routing -> Multicast -> Options
The Routing -> Multicast -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Basic Settings menu
Field
Description
IGMP Status
Select the IGMP status.
Possible values:
• (default value) Multicast is activated automatically for
hosts if the hosts open applications that use multicast.
• 1%: Multicast is always on.
• 3 : Multicast is always off.
Mode
Only for IGMP Status = 1% or 1
Select Multicast Mode.
Possible values:
• 6,#/) ( (default value): The router uses IGMP version 3. If it notices a lower version in the network, it
uses the lowest version it could detect.
• ;& ' /): Only IGMP version 3 is used.
Maximum Groups
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Enter the maximum number of groups to be permitted, both in-
247
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
ternally and in reports.
Maximum Sources
Enter the maximum number of sources that are specified in version 3 reports and the maximum number of internally managed
sources per group.
IGMP State Limit
Enter the maximum permitted total number of incoming queries
and messages per second.
The default value is , i.e. the number of IGMP status messages is not limited.
14.6 QoS
QoS (Quality of Service) makes it possible to distribute the available bandwidths effectively
and intelligently. Certain applications can be given preference and bandwidth reserved for
them. This is an advantage, especially for time-critical applications such as VoIP.
The QoS configuration consists of three parts:
• Creating IP filters
• Classifying data
• Prioritising data.
14.6.1 QoS Filter
IP filters are configured in the Routing -> QoS -> QoS Filter menu.
14.6.1.1 New
Choose the New button to define more IP filters.
248
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 96: Routing -> QoS -> QoS Filter -> New
The Routing-> QoS -> QoS Filter -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the QoS Filter Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the filter.
Protocol
Select a protocol.
Possible values: /,, , 6&, !),
$,, &,, $$,, $, ,, %,, $,, , $,, , ,,,
,, C , [email protected]!, 2),/, &,, ,, ,
,,
,, &,, -2, %,, +4-, ,, ;<<, ?&!,.
The 3 ) option (default value) matches any protocol.
Type
Only if Protocol = %,
Select the type.
Possible values: 1), % ,/), 3& %!
#/, -
% F
%, <%, %, + ?,,
+&,, +&, ,/).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
249
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
See RFC 792.
The default value is 1) .
Connection State
If Protocol = %,, you can define a filter that takes the status of
the TCP connections into account.
Possible values:
• &#/&: All TCP packets that would not establish any
new TCP session on routing over the gateway match the filter.
• 1) (default value): The filter is independ- ent from the connection state.
Destination IP Address / Enter the destination IP address of the data packets and the
Netmask
corresponding netmask.
Destination Port/Range
Only if Protocol = %, or ,
Enter a destination port number or a range of destination port
numbers.
Possible values:
• 1// (default value): The destination port is not specified.
• -,%) , : Enter a destination port.
• -,%) , $ : Enter a destination port range.
Source IP Address / Net- Enter the source IP address of the data packets and the corresmask
ponding netmask.
Source Port/Range
Only if Protocol = %, or ,
Enter a source port number or a range of source port numbers.
Possible values:
• 1// (default value): The destination port is not specified.
• -,%) , : Enter a destination port.
• -,%) , $ : Enter a destination port range.
DSCP/TOS filter (Layer
3)
250
Specify how the priority of the IP packets is signalled.
Possible values:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• $ (default value): No priority signalling is used.
• 3-6 =) ;/
: Differentiated Services Code Point is
used to signal the priority of IP packets (indicated in binary
format; currently not implemented).
• 3-6 3%/ ;/
: Differentiated Services Code Point
is used to signal the priority of IP packets (indicated in decimal format; possible values to '; currently not implemented).
• [email protected] =) ;/
: Type of Service is used to signal the
priority of IP packets (indicated in binary format).
• [email protected] 3%/ ;/
: Type of Service is used to signal the
priority of IP packets (indicated in decimal format; possible
values to ).
COS filter (802.1p/Layer Enter the service class of the IP packets (Class of service,
2)
CoS).
Possible values: and ..
The default value is .
14.6.2 QoS Classification
The data traffic is classified in the Routing -> QoS -> QoS Classification menu, i.e. the
data traffic is associated using class IDs of various classes. To do this, create class plans
for classifying IP packets based on pre-defined IP filters. Each class plan is associated to
at least one interface via its first filter.
14.6.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up other data classes.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
251
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 97: Routing -> QoS -> QoS Classification -> New
The Routing -> QoS -> QoS Classification -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the QoS Classification Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Class map
Choose the class plan you want to create or edit.
Possible values:
• * (default value): You can create a new class plan with this
setting.
• A* %/&& ,/B: Shows a class plan that has
already been created, which you can select and edit.
Description
Only if Class map = New.
Enter the name of the class plan.
Filter
Select an IP filter.
If the class plan is new, select the filter to be set at the first point
of the class plan.
If the class plan already exists, select the filter to be attached to
the class plan.
252
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
To select a filter, at least one filter must be configured in the
Routing -> QoS -> QoS Filter menu.
Direction
Select the direction of the data packets to be classified.
Possible values:
• %$ : Incoming data packets are to be classified.
• @
$$ (default value): Outgoing data packets are to be
classified.
• = : Incoming and outgoing data packets are to be classified.
High Priority Class
Enable or disable the high priority class. If the high priority class
is active, the data packets are associated with the class with the
highest priority and priority 0 is set automatically.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Class ID
Only if High Priority Class is inactive.
Choose a number which assigns the data packets to a class.
Note: The class ID is a label to assign data packets to specific
classes. (The class ID defines the priority.)
Possible values are whole numbers between and .
Interfaces
Only if Class map = *.
When creating a new class plan, select the interfaces to which
you want to link the class plan. A class plan can be assigned to
multiple interfaces.
14.6.3 QoS Interfaces/Policies
You can define the priority in the Routing -> QoS -> QoS Interfaces/Policies menu.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
253
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Note
Data can only be prioritized in the outgoing direction.
Packets in the high-priority class always take priority over data with class IDs 1... 254.
It is possible to assign or guarantee each queue and thus each data class a certain part of
the total bandwidth of the interface. In addition, you can optimise the transmission of voice
data (real time data).
Depending on the respective interface, a queue is created automatically for each class, but
only for data traffic classified as outgoing and for data traffic classified in both directions. A
priority is assigned to these automatic queues. The value of the priority is equal to the
value of the class ID. You can change the default priority of a queue. If you add new
queues, you can also use classes in other class plans via the class IDs.
14.6.3.1 New
Choose the New button to set up other priorities.
Fig. 98: Routing -> QoS -> QoS Interfaces/Policies -> New
The Routing-> QoS -> QoS Interfaces/Policies -> New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the QoS Interfaces/Policies Basic Parameters menu
254
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Interface
Select the interface for which QoS is to be configured.
Priorisation algorithm
Select the algorithm according to which the queues are to be
processed. This activates and deactivates QoS on the selected
interface.
Possible values:
• ) D
$(default value): QoS is activated on the
interface. The available bandwidth is distributed strictly according to the queue priority.
• 0$ <
<#: QoS is activated on the interface.
The available bandwidth is distributed according to the
weighting (weight) of the queue. Exception: High-priority packets are always handled with priority.
• 0$ 7 D
$: QoS is activated on the interface. The available bandwidth is distributed as “fairly” as possible among the (automatically detected) traffic flows in a
queue. Exception: High-priority packets are always handled
with priority.
• 3&#/ : QoS is deactivated on the interface. The existing
configuration is not deleted, but can be activated again if required.
Traffic shaping
Activate or deactivate data rate limiting in the send direction.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Maximum Upload Speed Only enabled for Traffic shaping .
Enter a maximum data rate for the interfaces in the send direction in kbits.
Possible values are to .
The default value is , i.e. no limits are set, the queue can occupy the maximum bandwidth.
Protocol Header Size
below Layer 3
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Choose the interface type to include the size of the respective
overheads of a datagram when calculating the bandwidth.
255
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• 6
& (value in Byte; possible values are to .)
• (default value)
• ;41*
• • ;41*
• -% • -% ;41*
• -% • -% ;41*
Real Time Jitter Control
Only enabled for Transmit Shaping.
Real Time Jitter Control optimises latency when forwarding real
time datagrams. The function ensures that large data packets
are fragmented according to the available upload bandwidth.
Real Time Jitter Control is useful for small upload bandwidths (<
800 kbps).
Activate or deactivate Real Time Jitter Control.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Control Mode
Only if Real Time Jitter Control = Enabled.
Select the mode for optimising voice transmission.
Possible values:
• 1// <+ -&: All RTP streams are optimised. The
function activates the RTP stream detection mechanism for
the automatic detection of RTP streams. In this mode, the
Real Time Jitter Control is activated as soon as an RTP
stream has been detected.
• % : Voice data transmission is not optimised.
• 6// <+ -& /)(default value): This
mode is used if either the VoIP Application Layer Gateway
(ALG) or the VoIP Media Gateway (MGW) is active. Real
256
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Time Jitter Control is activated by the control instances ALG
or MGW.
• 1/)&: Real Time Jitter Control is always active, even if no
real time data is routed.
Queues/Policies
Configure the desired QoS queues.
For each class created from the class plan, which is associated
with the selected interface, a queue is generated automatically
and displayed here (only for outgoing classified data traffic and
for data traffic classified in both directions).
Add a new entry with Add. The Edit Queues/Policies menu
opens.
The Edit Queues/Policies menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Edit queues/policies menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the queue/policy.
Outgoing Interface
Shows the interface for which the QoS queues are being configured.
Priorisation queue
Select the queue priority type.
Possible values:
• 6/&& =& (default value): Queue for data classified as
“normal”.
• 8$ ): Queue for data classified as “high priority”.
• 3
/: Queue for data that has not been classified or data
of a class for which no specific queue has been configured.
Class ID
Only if Priority Queue = 6/&& #&.
Select the QoS packet class to which this queue is to apply.
To do this, at least one class ID must be given in the Routing > QoS -> QoS Classification menu.
Priority
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Only if Priority Queue = 6/&& #&.
257
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Choose the priority of the queue. Possible values are to .
The default value is .
RTT Mode (Realtime
Traffic Mode)
Active or deactivate the real time transmission of the data.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
RTT Mode should be activated for QoS classes in which real
time data has priority. This mode improves latency when forwarding real time datagrams.
It is possible to configure multiple queues when RTT Mode is
enabled. Queues with enabled RTT mode must always have a
higher priority than queues with disabled RTT Mode.
Traffic Shaping
Activate or deactivate data rate (=Traffic Shaping) limiting in the
send direction.
The data rate limit applies to the selected queue. (This is not the
limit that can be defined on the interface.)
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Maximum Upload Speed Only for Traffic Shaping = Enabled.
Enter a maximum data rate for the queue in kbits.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Overbooking allowed
Only for Traffic Shaping = Enabled.
Enable or disable the function. The function controls the bandwidth limit.
If Overbooking allows is activated, the bandwidth limit set for
this queue can be exceeded, as long as free bandwidth exists
on the interface.
If Overbooking allowed is deactivated, the queue can never
258
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
14 Routing
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
occupy bandwidth beyond the bandwidth limit that has been set.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Burst size
Only for Traffic Shaping = Enabled.
Enter the maximum number of bytes that may still be transmitted temporarily when the data rate permitted for this queue has
been reached.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Dropping algorithm
Choose the procedure for rejecting packets in the QoS Queue,
if the maximum size of the queue is exceeded.
Possible values:
• +/ 3, (default value): The newest packet received is
dropped.
• 8 3,: The oldest packet in the queue is dropped.
• < 3,: A randomly selected packet is dropped from
the queue.
Min. queue size
Enter the minimum size of the queue in bytes.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is .
Max. queue size
Enter the maximum size of the queue in bytes.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is '.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
259
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 15 WAN
This menu offers various options for configuring accesses or connections from your LAN to
the WAN. You can also optimise voice transmission here for telephone calls over the Internet.
15.1 Internet + Dialup
In this menu, you can set up Internet access or dialup connections.
To enable your device to set up connections to networks or hosts outside your LAN, you
must configure the partners you want to connect to on your device. This applies to outgoing
connections (your device dials its WAN partner) and incoming connections (a remote partner dials the number of your device).
If you want to set up Internet access, you must set up a connection to your Internet Service
Provider (ISP). For broadband Internet access, your device provides the PPPover-Ethernet (PPPoE), PPP-over-PPTP and PPP-over-ATM (PPPoA) protocols. You can
also configure Internet access over ISDN.
Note
Note your provider's instructions.
Dialin connections over ISDN are used to establish a connection to networks or hosts outside your LANs.
All the entered connections are displayed in the corresponding list, which contains the Description, the User Name, the Authentication and the current Status.
The Status field can take the following values:
Possible values for Status:
Field
Description
connected
not connected (dialup connection); connection setup possible
not connected (e.g. because of an error during setup of an outgoing connection, a renewed attempt is only possible after a
specified number of seconds)
260
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
administratively set to down (deactivated); connection setup not
possible for leased lines:
Default Route
With a default route, all data is automatically forwarded to one connection if no other suitable route is available. Access to the Internet should always be set up as the default route
to the Internet Service Provider (ISP). Further information on possible route types can be
found under Routing -> Routes.
Activating NAT
With Network Address Translation (NAT), you conceal your whole network to the outside
world behind one IP address. You should certainly do this for your connection to the Internet Service Provider (ISP).
Only outgoing sessions are allowed initially if NAT is activated. To allow certain connections from outside to hosts within the LAN, these must be explicitly defined and admitted.
Connection Idle Timeout
The connection idle timeout is determined in order to clear the connection automatically if it
is not being used, i.e. if data is no longer being sent, to help you save costs.
Block after Connection Failure
You use this function to set up a waiting time for outgoing connection attempts after which
your device's connection attempt is regarded as having failed.
Authentication
When a call is received on ISDN connections, the calling party number is always sent over
the ISDN D-channel. This number enables your device to identify the caller (CLID),
provided the caller is entered on your device. After identification with CLID, your device can
additionally carry out PPP authentication with the connection partner before it accepts the
call.
Your device needs the necessary data for this, which you should enter here, for all PPP
connections. Establish the type of authentication process that should be performed, then
enter a common password and two codes. You get this information, for example, from your
Internet Service Provider (ISP) or the system administrator at your head office. If the data
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
261
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
you entered on your device is the same as the caller's data, the call is accepted. The call is
rejected if the data is not the same.
Callback
The callback mechanism can be used for every connection over an ISDN or over an AUX
interface to obtain additional security regarding the connection partner or to clearly allocate
the costs of connections. A connection is not set up until the calling party has been clearly
identified by calling back. Your device can answer an incoming call with a callback or request a callback from a connection partner. Identification can be based on the calling party
number or PAP/CHAP/MS-CHAP authentication. Identification is made in the former case
without call acceptance, as the calling party number is transferred over the ISDN Dchannel, and in the latter case with call acceptance.
Channel Bundling
Your device supports dynamic and static channel bundling for dialup connections. Channel
bundling can only be used for ISDN connections for a bandwidth increase or as a backup.
Only one B channel is initially opened when a connection is set up.
Dynamic
Dynamic channel bundling means that your device connects other ISDN B channels to increase the throughput for connections if this is required, e.g. for large data rates. If the
amount of data traffic drops, the additional B-channels are closed again.
If devices from other manufacturers are to be used at the far end, ensure that these support dynamic channel bundling for a bandwidth increase or as a backup.
Static
In static channel bundling, you specify right from the start how many B channels your
device is to use for connections, regardless of the transferred data rate.
15.1.1 PPPoE
In the WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPPoE menu, a list of all PPPoE interfaces is shown.
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) is the use of the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) network protocol over an Ethernet connection. Today, PPPoE is used for ADSL connections in Germany. In Austria, the Point To Point Tunnelling Protocol (PPTP) was originally used for ADSL access. However, PPPoE is now offered here too by some providers.
262
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15.1.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new PPPoE interfaces.
Fig. 99: WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPPoE -> New
The WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPPoE -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the PPPoE Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Description
Enter a name to uniquely identify the PPPoE partner. The first
character in this field must not be a number and no special
characters or umlauts must be used.
PPPoE Mode
Select whether you want to use a standard Internet connection
over PPPoE ( -) or your Internet access is to be set
up over several interfaces ( (
//). If you choose (
/!
/, you can connect several DSL connections from a provider over PPP as a static bundle in order to obtain more bandwidth. Each of these DSL connections should use a separate
263
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Ethernet connection for this. At the moment, many providers are
still in the process of preparing the PPPoE Multilink function.
For PPPoE Multilink, we recommend using your device's Ethernet switch in Split-Port mode and to use a separate Ethernet interface e.g. !, ! for each PPPoE connection.
If you also want to use an external modem for PPPoE Multilink,
you must run your device's Ethernet switch in Split-Port mode.
PPPoE Ethernet Interface
Only if PPPoE Mode = -
Select the Ethernet interface specified for a standard PPPoE
connection.
If you want to use an external DSL modem, select the Ethernet
port to which the modem is connected.
When using the internal DSL modem, select here the EthoA interface configured in Physical Interfaces-> ATM-> Profiles->
New.
The default value is * &,%.
PPPoE Interfaces for
Multilink
Only if PPPoE Mode = (
//
Select the interfaces you want to use for your Internet connection. Click the Add button to create new entries.
User Name
Enter the user name.
Password
Enter the password.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Only activate this option if you have Internet access with a flatrate charge.
Connection Idle Timeout Only if Always on is disabled.
Enter the idle time in seconds for static short hold. The static
short hold setting determines how many seconds should pass
264
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the
connection.
Possible values are to ' (seconds). deactivates the
short hold.
The default value is '.
Example: for FTP transmission, for LAN-to-LAN transmission, for Internet connections.
Fields in the PPPoEIP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Select whether your device is to be assigned a static IP address
or whether it should be assigned this dynamically.
Possible values:
• 1&& (default value): Your device is dynamically assigned an IP address.
• -%: You enter a static IP address.
Default Route
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Create NAT Policy
Specify whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Local IP Address
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Enter the static IP address of the connection partner.
Route Entries
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Define other routing entries for this connection partner.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
265
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Add a new entry with Add.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
network.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address. If no entry is
made, your device uses a default netmask.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ... ). The default value is .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Block after connection
failure for
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed. The default value is .
Maximum Number of Di- Enter the number of unsuccessful attempts to setup a connecalup Retries
tion before the interface is blocked.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this connection partner.
Select the authentication specified by your provider.
Possible values:
• 1 (default value) Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol); the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• 196819(-!681 : Primarily run CHAP, on denial then
the authentication protocol required by the connection partner.
(MSCHAP version 1 or 2 possible.)
• (-!681: Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
266
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• *: Some providers use no authentication. In this case, select this option.
DNS Negotiation
Select whether your device receives IP addresses for Primary
DNS Server and Secondary DNS Server from the connection
partner or sends these to the connection partner.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload. This function can be specially
applied for asymmetrical bandwidths (ADSL).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
LCP Alive Check
Check whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked by sending LCP echo requests or replies. This makes
it possible to switch to a backup connection more quickly in the
event of line faults.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
15.1.2 PPTP
In the WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPTP menu, a list of all PPTP interfaces is shown.
In this menu, you configure an Internet connection that uses the Point Tunnelling Protocol
(PPTP) to set up a connection, e.g. required in Austria.
15.1.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new PPTP interfaces.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
267
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 100: WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPTP -> New
The WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPTP -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the PPTP Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a name for uniquely identifying the internet connection.
The first character in this field must not be a number and no
special characters or umlauts must be used.
PPTP Interface
Select the IP interface over which packets are to be transported
to the remote PPTP terminal.
If you want to use an external DSL modem, select the Ethernet
port to which the modem is connected.
When using the internal DSL modem, select here the EthoA interface, e.g. !, configured for this connection in
268
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Physical Interfaces-> ATM-> Profiles-> New.
The default value is * &,%.
User Name
Enter the user name.
Password
Enter the password.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Only activate this option if you have Internet access with a flatrate charge.
Connection Idle Timeout Only if Always on is disabled.
Enter the idle interval in seconds. This determines how many
seconds should pass between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the connection.
Possible values are to ' (seconds). deactivates the
timeout.
The default value is '.
Example: for FTP transmission, for LAN-to-LAN transmission, for Internet connections.
Fields in the PPTP IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Select whether your device is to be assigned a static IP address
or whether it should be assigned this dynamically.
Possible values:
• 1&& (default value): Your device is automatically assigned a temporarily valid IP address from the provider.
• -%: You enter a static IP address.
Default Route
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
269
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Create NAT Policy
Specify whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Local IP Address
Only for IP Address Mode = -%
Assign an IP address from your LAN to the PPT interface, which
is to be used as your device's internal source address.
Route Entries
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Define other routing entries for this PPTP partner.
Add a new entry with Add.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
destination network.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address. If no entry is
made, your device uses a default netmask.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ... ). The default value is .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Block after connection
failure for
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed. The default value is .
Maximum Number of Di- Enter the number of unsuccessful attempts to setup a connecalup Retries
tion before the interface is blocked.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
270
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this Internet connection.
Select the authentication specified by your provider.
Possible values:
• 1 (default value) Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol); the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• 196819(-!681 : Run primarily CHAP, if denied then
the authentication protocol required by the PPTP partner
(MSCHAP version 1 or 2 possible).
• (-!681: Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
• *: Some providers use no authentication. In this case, select this option.
DNS Negotiation
Select whether your device receives IP addresses for Primary
DNS Server and Secondary DNS Server from the connection
partner or sends these to the connection partner.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload. This function can be specially
applied for asymmetrical bandwidths (ADSL).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
PPTP Address Mode
Displays the address mode. The value cannot be changed.
Possible values:
• -%: The IP address of the Ethernet port selected in
PPTP Interface will be used.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
271
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Local PPTP IP Address
Assign the PPTP interface an IP address that is used as the
source address.
The default value is .
Remote PPTP IP Address
Enter the IP address of the PPTP partner.
LCP Alive Check
Check whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked by sending LCP echo requests or replies. This makes
it possible to switch to a backup connection more quickly in the
event of line faults.
The default value is '.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
15.1.3 PPPoA
In the WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPPoA menu, a list of all PPPoA interfaces is shown.
In this menu, you configure a xDSL connection used to set up PPPoA connections. With
PPPoA, the connection is configured so that the PPP data flow is transported directly over
an ATM network (RFC 2364). This is required by some providers. Note your provider's specifications.
When using the internal DSL modem, select here a PPPoA interface must be configured
for this connection in WAN -> ATM -> Profiles -> New with Client Type = @ 3.
15.1.3.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new PPPoA interfaces.
272
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 101: WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPPoA -> New
The WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> PPPoA -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the PPPoA Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a name for uniquely identifying the connection partner.
The first character in this field must not be a number and no
special characters or umlauts must be used.
ATM PVC
Select an ATM profile created in the ATM -> Profiles menu, indicated by the global identifiers VPI and VCI specified by the
provider.
User Name
Enter the user name.
Password
Enter the password for the PPPoA connection.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
273
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is disabled by default.
Only activate this option if you have Internet access with a flatrate charge.
Connection Idle Timeout Only if Always on is disabled.
Enter the idle time in seconds for static short hold. The static
short hold setting determines how many seconds should pass
between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the
connection.
Possible values are to ' (seconds). deactivates the
short hold.
The default value is '.
Example: for FTP transmission, for LAN-to-LAN transmission, for Internet connections.
Fields in the PPPoA IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Choose whether your device has a static IP address or is assigned one dynamically.
Possible values:
• 1&& (default value): Your device is dynamically assigned an IP address.
• -%: You enter a static IP address.
Default Route
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Create NAT Policy
Specify whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
274
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Local IP Address
Only for IP Address Mode = -%
Enter the static IP address you received from your provider.
Route Entries
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Define other routing entries for this connection partner.
Add a new entry with Add.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
LAN.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ). The default value is .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Block after connection
failure for
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed. The default value is .
Maximum Number of Di- Enter the number of unsuccessful attempts to setup a connecalup Retries
tion before the interface is blocked.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this Internet connection.
Select the authentication specified by your provider.
Possible values:
• 1 (default value) Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol); the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
275
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• 196819(-!681 : Primarily run CHAP, on denial, the authentication protocol required by the PPTP partner. (MSCHAP
version 1 or 2 possible.)
• (-!681: Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
• *: Some providers use no authentication. In this case, select this option.
DNS Negotiation
Select whether your device receives IP addresses for primary
domain name server and secondary domain name server
from the connection partner or sends these to the connection
partner.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload. This function can be specially
applied for asymmetrical bandwidths (ADSL).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
LCP Alive Check
Check whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked by sending LCP echo requests or replies. This is recommended for leased lines, PPTP and L2TP connections.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
15.1.4 ISDN
In the WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> ISDN menu, a list of all ISDN interfaces is shown.
In this menu, you configure the following ISDN connections:
• Internet access over ISDN
• LAN-to-LAN connection over ISDN
276
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15 WAN
• Remote (Mobile) Dialin
• Use of the ISDN Callback function
15.1.4.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new ISDN interfaces.
Fig. 102: WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> ISDN -> New
The WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> ISDN -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the ISDN Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
277
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Description
Enter a name for uniquely identifying the connection partner.
The first character in this field must not be a number and no
special characters or umlauts must be used.
Connection Type
Select which layer 1 protocol your device should use.
This setting applies for outgoing connections to the connection
partner and only for incoming connections from the connection
partner if they could be identified on the basis of the calling
party number.
Possible values:
• -3* #,&: For 64-kbps ISDN data connections.
• -3* #,&: For 56-kbps ISDN data connections.
User Name
Enter your device code (local PPP user name).
Remote User (for Dialin
only)
Enter the code of the remote terminal (remote PPP user name).
Password
Enter the password.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Only activate this option if you have Internet access with a flatrate charge.
Connection Idle Timeout Enter the idle time in seconds for static short hold. The static
short hold setting determines how many seconds should pass
between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the
connection.
Possible values are ! to ' (seconds). A value of ! means
that the connection is set up again immediately after disconnection and deactivates short hold. The default value is .
Fields in the ISDN IP Mode and Routes menu
278
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Select whether your device is to be assigned a static IP address
or whether it should be assigned this dynamically.
Possible values:
• -% (default value): You enter a static IP address.
• 1&&: Your device dynamically assigns an
IP address to the remote terminal.
• 1&&: Your device is dynamically assigned an
IP address.
Default Route
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
and 1&&
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Create NAT Policy
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
and 1&&
When you configure an ISDN Internet connection, specify
whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Local IP Address
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Assign the IP address from your LAN to the ISDN interface
which is to be used as your device's internal source address.
Route Entries
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Define other routing entries for this connection partner.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
LAN.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
279
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ). The default value is .
IP Assignment Pool
Only if IP Address Mode = 1&&
Select an IP pool configured in the WAN -> Internet + Dialup > IP Pools menu. If an IP pool has not been configured here
yet, the message * ) appears in this field.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Block after connection
failure for
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed.
The default value is '.
Maximum Number of Di- Enter the number of unsuccessful attempts to setup a connecalup Retries
tion before the interface is blocked.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Usage Type
If necessary, select a special interface use.
Possible values:
• - (default value): No special type is selected.
• 3/ /) : The interface is used for incoming dialup
connections and callbacks initiated externally.
• (
/!5& 3/ /)" : The interface is defined as
multi-user connection partner, i.e. several clients dial in with
the same user name and password.
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this PPTP partner.
Possible values:
• 196819(-!681 (default value): Primarily run CHAP, on
denial, the authentication protocol required by the PPTP partner. (MSCHAP version 1 or 2 possible.)
280
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 1: Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol);
the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• (-!681: Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
• *: Some providers use no authentication. In this case, select this option.
Encryption
Only if Authentication = (-!681
If necessary, select the type of encryption that should be used
for data traffic to the connection partner. This is only possible if
STAC or MS-STAC compression is not activated for the connection. If Encryption is set, the remote terminal must also support it, otherwise a connection cannot be set up.
Possible values:
• * (default value): MPP encryption is not used.
• #/. MPP encryption V2 with 128 bit is used to RFC
3078.
• 0& %,#/: MPP encryption V2 with 128 bit is
used as compatible with Microsoft and Cisco.
Callback Mode
Select the Callback Mode function.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Your device does not call back.
• 1%: Select one of the following options:
• * $: Your device calls the connection
partner to request a callback.
• 0& 6/ (: Your device calls the connection
partner to request a callback via CBCP (Callback Control
Protocol). Needed for Windows clients.
• &&: Select one of the following options:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
281
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• #/. Your device calls back immediately when requested to do so by the connection partner.
• 0& - ( : Your device calls back after a
period of time proposed by the Microsoft client (NT: 10
seconds, new systems: 12 seconds. It uses the subscriber
number (Entries-> Number (MSN)) with the Mode @
$!
$ or = that has been entered for the other party. If no
number is entered, the required number can be reported by
the caller in a PPP negotiation. This setting should be
avoided where possible for security reasons. Currently cannot be avoided for the connection of mobile Microsoft clients
via DCN.
• 3/)E 643 /) : Your device calls back after approx. four seconds if your device is requested to do so by
the connection partner. Only makes sense for CLID.
• 0& - (E 6//#% ,/ : Like
0& - ( but with the option of aborting.
This setting should be avoided for security reasons. The Microsoft client also has the option of aborting callback and
maintaining the initial connection to your device without callback. This only applies if no fixed, outgoing number has
been configured for the connection partner. This is done by
pressing CANCEL to close the dialog box that appears.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Options for On-demand Bandwidth menu
Field
Description
Channel Bundling
Select whether channel bundling is to be used for ISDN connections with the connection partner, and if so, what type.
Your device supports dynamic and static channel bundling for
dialup connections. Only one B channel is initially opened when
a connection is set up. Dynamic channel bundling means that
your device connects other ISDN B channels to increase the
throughput for connections if this is required, e.g. for large data
rates. If the amount of data traffic drops, the additional Bchannels are closed again. In static channel bundling, you specify right from the start how many B channels your device is to
use, regardless of the transferred data rate.
Possible values:
282
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• * (default value): No channel bundling, only one B channel is ever available for connections.
• -%: Static channel bundling.
• 3)% : Dynamic channel bundling.
Number of B Channels
Select how many B channels your device should use.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Dial Numbers menu
Field
Description
Entries
Displays the numbers of the connection partner.
Add new entries with Add. Edit existing entries with
.
Fields in the Dial Number Configuration Entry: <1>(only appears for Entries = Add)
Field
Description
Mode
Select whether Call Number is to be used for incoming or outgoing calls or for both. Possible values:
• = (default value): For incoming and outgoing calls.
• %$ : For incoming calls, where your connection partner dials in to your device.
• @
$$ : For outgoing calls, where you dial your connection partner.
The calling party number of the incoming call is compared with
the number entered under Call Number.
Call Number
Enter the connection partner's number.
Port Usage
Select which ISDN interfaces are used.
Fields in the Advanced Settings IP Options menu
Field
Description
OSPF Mode
Select whether and how routes are propagated via the interface
and/or OSPF protocol packets are sent.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. no routes are propagated or OSPF protocol packets
sent over this interface. Networks reachable over this inter-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
283
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
face are, however, included when calculating the routing information and propagated over active interfaces.
• 1%: OSPF is activated for this interface, i.e. routes are
propagated or OSPF protocol packets sent over this interface.
• % : OSPF is disabled for this interface.
Proxy ARP Mode
Select whether and how ARP requests from your own LAN are
to be responded to for the specified connection partner.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Deactivates Proxy ARP for this
connection partner.
• 5, 3: Your device only responds to an ARP request if the status of the connection to the connection partner
is 5, or 3. In the case of 3, your device only
responds to the ARP request; the connection is not set up until someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device responds to an ARP request only if the
status of the connection to the connection partner is 5,
(active), i.e. a connection already exists to the connection
partner.
DNS Negotiation
Select whether your device receives IP addresses for Primary
DNS Server, Secondary DNS Server, primary WINS and secondary WINS from the connection partner or sends these to the
connection partner.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
15.1.5 GPRS/UMTS
Note
Note that the GPRS/UMTS menu is only available if a UMTS modem card is inserted
in the CardBus slot and is integrated in the system! Not all bintec gateways have a
CardBus interface. Refer to the data sheet to determine whether your gateway has this
interface type.
284
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
In the WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> GPRS/UMTS menu, a list of all GPRS/UMTS interfaces is shown.
Thanks to its CardBus interface (PCCARD), the bintec gateway supports the integration of
a UMTS CardBus modem in the system. This enables you to set up a connection to the Internet over UMTS.
15.1.5.1 New
Choose the New button to set up additional connections.
Fig. 103: WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> GPRS/UMTS -> New
The WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> GPRS/UMTS -> New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the GPRS/UMTS Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Description
Enter a name for uniquely identifying the internet connection.
The first character in this field must not be a number and no
special characters or umlauts must be used.
285
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
GPRS/UMTS Interface
Description
Select the GPRS/UMTS interface.
User Name
Enter the user name.
Password
Enter the password.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Only activate this option if you have Internet access with a flatrate charge.
Connection Idle Timeout Only if Always up is disabled.
Enter the idle time in seconds for static short hold. The static
short hold setting determines how many seconds should pass
between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the
connection.
Possible values are to ' (seconds). deactivates the
short hold.
The default value is '.
Fields in the GPRS/UMTS IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Select whether your device is to be assigned a static IP address
or whether it should be assigned this dynamically.
Possible values:
• 1&& (default value): Your device is dynamically assigned an IP address.
• -%: You enter a static IP address.
Default Route
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
286
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Create NAT Policy
Specify whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Local IP Address
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Enter the static IP address of the connection partner.
Route Entries
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Define other routing entries for this connection partner.
Add a new entry with Add.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
network.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address. If no entry is
made, your device uses a default netmask.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ... ). The default value is .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Block after connection
failure for
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed. The default value is .
Maximum Number of Di- Enter the number of unsuccessful attempts to setup a connecalup Retries
tion before the interface is blocked.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this connection partner.
Select the authentication specified by your provider.
Possible values:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
287
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 1 (default value) Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol); the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• 196819(-!681 : Primarily run CHAP, on denial then
the authentication protocol required by the connection partner.
(MSCHAP version 1 or 2 possible.)
• (-!681: Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
• *: Some providers use no authentication. In this case, select this option.
DNS Negotiation
Select whether your device receives IP addresses for Primary
DNS Server and Secondary DNS Server from the connection
partner or sends these to the connection partner.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload. This function can be specially
applied for asymmetrical bandwidths (ADSL).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
LCP Alive Check
Check whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked by sending LCP echo requests or replies. This makes
it possible to switch to a backup connection more quickly in the
event of line faults.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
288
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15 WAN
15.1.6 AUX
In the WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> AUX menu, a list of all AUX interfaces is shown.
You can define various settings for communication between the gateway and modem in
this menu. You require a special cable for the console port of your gateway (e.g. AUX
Backup cable) to connect an external analogue modem to the AUX port on a bintec gateway.
15.1.6.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new AUX interfaces.
Fig. 104: WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> AUX -> New
The WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> AUX -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the AUX Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
289
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Description
Enter a name for uniquely identifying the WAN partner. The first
character in this field must not be a number and no special
characters or umlauts must be used.
User Name
Enter the user name.
Password
Enter the password.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Only activate this option if you have Internet access with a flatrate charge.
Connection Idle Timeout Only if Always up is disabled.
Enter the idle time in seconds for static short hold. The static
short hold setting determines how many seconds should pass
between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the
connection.
Possible values are to ' (seconds). deactivates the
short hold.
The default value is .
Fields in the AUX IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Select whether your device is to be assigned a static IP address
or whether it should be assigned this dynamically.
Possible values:
• 1&& (default value): Your device is dynamically assigned an IP address.
• -%: You enter a static IP address.
• 1&&: Your device dynamically assigns an
IP address to the remote terminal.
Default Route
290
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Create NAT Policy
Specify whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Local IP Address
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Enter the static IP address of the connection partner.
Route Entries
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Define other routing entries for this connection partner.
Add a new entry with Add.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
network.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address. If no entry is
made, your device uses a default netmask.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ... ). The default value is .
IP Assignment Pool
Only if IP Address Mode = 1&&
Select an IP pool configured in the WAN -> Internet + Dialup > IP Pools menu. If an IP pool has not been configured here
yet, the message * ) appears in this field.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Block after connection
failure for
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed.
The default value is .
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
291
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Maximum Number of Di- Enter the number of unsuccessful attempts to setup a connecalup Retries
tion before the interface is blocked.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Usage Type
If necessary, select a special interface use.
Possible values:
• - (default value): No special type is selected.
• 3/ /) : The interface is used for incoming dialup
connections and callbacks initiated externally.
• (
/!5& 3/ /)" : The interface is defined as
multi-user connection partner, i.e. several clients dial in with
the same user name and password.
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this PPTP partner.
Possible values:
• 196819(-!681 : Primarily run CHAP, on denial, the authentication protocol required by the PPTP partner. (MSCHAP
version 1 or 2 possible.)
• 1 (default value) Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol); the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• (-!681: Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
• *: Some providers use no authentication. In this case, select this option.
DNS Negotiation
Select whether your device receives IP addresses for Primary
DNS Server and Secondary DNS Server from the connection
partner or sends these to the connection partner.
The function is activated with #/.
292
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is enabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload. This function can be specially
applied for asymmetrical bandwidths (ADSL).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
LCP Alive Check
Check whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked by sending LCP echo requests or replies. This makes
it possible to switch to a backup connection more quickly in the
event of line faults.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Callback Mode
Select the Callback Mode function.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Your device does not call back.
• 1%: Select one of the following options:
• * $: Your device calls the connection
partner to request a callback.
• 0& 6/ (: Your device calls the connection
partner to request a callback via CBCP (Callback Control
Protocol). Needed for Windows clients.
• &&: Select one of the following options:
• *$ 643 : Your device calls back immediately when requested to do so by the connection partner.
• 0& - ( : Your device calls back after a
period of time proposed by the Microsoft client (NT: 10
seconds, new systems: 12 seconds. It uses the subscriber
number (Entries-> Number (MSN)) with the Mode @
$!
$ or = that has been entered for the other party. If no
number is entered, the required number can be reported by
the caller in a PPP negotiation. This setting should be
avoided where possible for security reasons. Currently can-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
293
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
not be avoided for the connection of mobile Microsoft clients
via DCN.
• 3/)E 643 /) : Your device calls back after approx. four seconds if your device is requested to do so by
the connection partner. Only makes sense for CLID.
• 0& - (E 6//#% ,/ : Like
0& - ( but with the option of aborting.
This setting should be avoided for security reasons. The Microsoft client also has the option of aborting callback and
maintaining the initial connection to your device without callback. This only applies if no fixed, outgoing number has
been configured for the connection partner. This is done by
pressing CANCEL to close the dialog box that appears.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Dial Numbers menu
Field
Description
Entries
Add new entries with Add.
Fields in the Dial Number Configuration Entry: <1> (only appears for Entries = Add)
Field
Description
Mode
Only if Entries = 1.
Select whether Subscriber Number (MSN) is to be used for incoming or outgoing calls or for both. Possible values:
• = (default value): For incoming and outgoing calls.
• %$ : For incoming calls, where your connection partner dials in to your device.
• @
$$ : For outgoing calls, where you dial your connection partner.
The calling party number of the incoming call is compared with
the number entered under Subscriber Number (MSN).
Call Number
Enter the connection partner's numbers.
Port Usage
Select which port is used.
Fields in the Advanced Settings IP Options menu
294
Field
Description
Proxy ARP Mode
Select whether and how ARP requests from your own LAN are
to be responded to for the specified connection partner.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• % (default value): Deactivates Proxy ARP for this
connection partner.
• 5, 3: Your device only responds to an ARP request if the status of the connection to the connection partner
is 5, or 3. In the case of 3, your device only
responds to the ARP request; the connection is not set up until someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device responds to an ARP request only if the
status of the connection to the connection partner is 5,
(active), i.e. a connection already exists to the connection
partner.
15.1.7 IP Pools
In the IP Pools menu a list of all IP pools is displayed.
Your device can operate as a dynamic IP address server for PPP connections. You can
use this function by providing one or more pools of IP addresses. These IP addresses can
be assigned to dialling-in connection partners for the duration of the connection.
Any host routes entered always have priority over IP addresses from the address pools.
This means if an incoming call has been authenticated, your device first checks whether a
host route is entered in the routing table for this caller. If not, your device can allocate an IP
address from an address pool (if available). If address pools have more than one IP address, you cannot specify which connection partner receives which address. The addresses are initially assigned in order. If a new dial-in takes place within an interval of one
hour, an attempt is made to allocate the same IP address assigned to this partner the last
time.
Use the Add button to set up new IP pools.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
295
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 105: WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> IP Pools -> Add
The WAN -> Internet + Dialup -> IP Pools -> Add menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options IP Pools menu
Field
Description
IP Pool Name
Enter the name of the IP pool.
IP Pool Range
In the first field, enter the first IP address of the range.
In the second field, enter the last IP address of the range.
15.2 ATM
ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) is a data transmission procedure that was originally
designed for broadband ISDN.
ATM is currently used in high-speed networks. You will need ATM, for example, if you want
high-speed access to the Internet via the integrated ADSL or SHDSL modem.
In an ATM network, different applications such as speech, video and data, can be transmitted side-by-side in the asynchronous time multiplex procedure. Each transmitter is provided
with time sections for transmitting data. With asynchronous transmission, unused time sections of a transmitter are used by another transmitter.
With ATM, the packet switching procedure is connected-based. A virtual connection is used
for data transmission that negotiates between the transmitter and recipient or is configured
on both sides. This determines the route that the data should take, for example. Multiple
296
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15 WAN
virtual connections can be set up over a single physical interface.
The data is transmitted in so-called cells or slots of constant size. Each cell consists of 48
bytes of usage data and 5 bytes of control information. The control information contains,
amongst other things, the ATM address which is similar to the Internet address. The ATM
address is made up of the Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and the Virtual Connection Identifier
(VCI); this identifies the virtual connection.
Various types of traffic flows are transported over ATM. To take account of the various demands of these traffic flows on the networks, e.g. in terms of cell loss and delay time, suitable values can be defined using the service categories. Uncompressed video data, for example, requires different parameters to time-uncritical data.
In ATM networks Quality of Service (QoS) is available, i.e. the size of various network parameters, such as bit rate, delay and jitter can be guaranteed.
OAM (Operation, Administration and Maintenance) is used to monitor the data transmission
in ATM. OAM includes configuration management, error management and performance
measurement.
15.2.1 Profiles
In the WAN -> ATM -> Profiles menu, a list of all ATM profiles is shown.
If the connection for your Internet access is set up using the internal modem, the ATM connection parameters must be set for this. An ATM profile combines a set of parameters for a
specific provider.
By default an ATM profile with the description [email protected]!6<1+3 is preconfigured. Its values
(VPI 1 and VCI 32) are suitable for a Telekom ATM connection, for example.
Note
The ATM encapsulations are described in RFCs 1483 and 2684. You will find the
RFCs on the relevant pages of the IETF (www.ietf.org/rfc.html ).
15.2.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new ATM profiles.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
297
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 106: WAN -> ATM -> Profiles -> New
The WAN -> ATM -> Profiles -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Profiles ATM Profiles Parameter menu
Field
Description
Provider
Select one of the preconfigured ATM profiles for your provider
from the list or manually define the profile using ! 5&!
-,% !.
Description
Only for Provider = ! 5&! !
Enter the desired description for the connection.
Type
Only for Provider = ! 5&! !
Select the protocol for the ATM connection.
Possible values:
• 1+( (default value): Ethernet over ATM
(EthoA) is used for the ATM connection (Permanent Virtual
Circuit, PVC).
• <
%/& 1+(: Routed Protocols over
ATM (RPoA) is used for the ATM connection (Permanent Virtual Circuit, PVC).
298
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 1+(: PPP over ATM (PPPoA) is used for the ATM
connection (Permanent Virtual Circuit, PVC).
Virtual Path Identifier
(VPI)
Only for Provider = ! 5&! !
Enter the VPI value of the ATM connection. The VPI is the identification number of the virtual path to be used. Note your provider's instructions.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Virtual Channel Identifier Only for Provider = ! 5&! !
(VCI)
Enter the VCI value of the ATM connection. The VCI is the identification number of the virtual channel. A virtual channel is the
logical connection for the transport of ATM cells between two or
more points. Note your provider's instructions.
Possible values are ' to '.
The default value is 32.
Encapsulation
Only for Provider = ! 5&! !
Select the encapsulation to be used. Note your provider's instructions.
Possible values (in accordance with RFC 2684):
• 446 =$ 76- (default value for Ethernet over
ATM): Only shown for Type = 1+(.
Bridged Ethernet with LLC/SNAP encapsulation without
Frame Check Sequence (checksums).
• 446 =$ 76- : Only shown for Type = 1+(.
Bridged Ethernet with LLC/SNAP encapsulation with Frame
Check Sequence (checksums).
• [email protected] (default value for Routed Protocols over ATM):
Only shown for Type = <
%/& 1+(.
Encapsulation with LLC/SNAP header, suitable for IP routing.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
299
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 446: Only shown for Type = 1+(.
Encapsulation with LLC header.
• ;6 (
/,/?$ (default value for PPP over ATM):
Bridged Ethernet without additional encapsulation (Null Encapsulation) with Frame Check Sequence (checksums).
Fields in the Settings for Ethernet over ATM menu (only shown for Type = Ethernet
over ATM)
Field
Description
Default Ethernet for
PPPoE Interfaces
Only for Type = 1+(
Select whether this Ethernet-over-ATM interface is to be used
for all PPPoE connections
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Address Mode
Only for Type = 1+(
Select how an IP address is to be assigned to the interface.
Possible values:
• -% (default value): A static IP address is assigned to the
interface in IP Address/Netmask.
• 386: An IP address is assigned to the interface dynamically
via DHCP.
IP Address/Netmask
Only if Address Mode = -%
Enter the IP addresses (IP Address) and the corresponding
netmasks (Netmask) of the ATM interfaces. Add new entries
with Add.
MAC Address
Enter a MAC Address for the internal router interface of ATM
connection, e.g. ::::#:'. An entry is only required in special cases.
For Internet connections, it is sufficient to select the Use builtin option (default setting), in which case the MAC address of
! is used.
300
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
DHCP MAC Address
Only if Address Mode = 386
Enter the MAC Address of the internal router interface of ATM
connection, e.g. ::::#:'.
If your provider has assigned you a MAC Address for DHCP,
enter this here.
You can select the Use built-in option (default setting), in which
case the MAC address of ! is used.
DHCP Hostname
Only if Address Mode = 386
If necessary, enter the host name registered with the provider to
be used by your device for DHCP requests.
The maximum length of the entry is 45 characters.
Fields in the Settings for Routed Protocols over ATM menu (only shown for Type =
Routed Protocols over ATM)
Field
Description
IP Address/Netmask
Enter the IP addresses (IP Address) and the corresponding
netmasks (Netmask) of the ATM interface. Add new entries
with Add.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload. This function can be specially
applied for asymmetrical bandwidths (ADSL).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Fields in the PPP over ATM Settings menu (only shown for Type = PPP over ATM),
see also
Field
Description
Client Type
Select whether the PPPoA connection is to be set up permanently or on demand.
Possible values:
• @ 3 (default value): The PPPoA is only set up on de-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
301
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
mand, e.g. for Internet access.
15.2.2 Service Categories
In the WAN -> ATM -> Service Categories menu, a list of ATM connections (PVC, Permanent Virtual Circuit) already configured with specific assigned data traffic parameters is
shown.
Your device supports QoS (Quality of Service) for ATM interfaces.
Caution
ATM QoS should only be used if your provider specifies a list of data traffic parameters
(traffic contract).
The configuration of ATM QoS requires extensive knowledge of ATM technology and
the way the bintec devices function. An incorrect configuration can cause considerable disruption during operation. If applicable, save the original configuration on your
PC.
15.2.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new categories.
Fig. 107: WAN -> ATM -> Service Categories -> New
302
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The WAN -> ATM -> Service Categories -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Service Categories Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Virtual Channel Connec- Select the already configured ATM connection (displayed by the
tion (VCC)
combination of VPI and VCI) for which the service category is to
be defined.
ATM Service Category
Select how the data traffic of the ATM connection is to be controlled.
When you select the ATM service category a priority is implicitly
assigned: from CBR
(highest priority) through VBR.1 /VBR.3 to VBR (lowest priority).
Possible settings:
• 5&,% = < 5=<" (default value):
(Unspecified Bit Rate) A particular data rate is not guaranteed
for the connection. The Peak Cell Rate (PCR) defines the limit above which data is discarded. This category is suitable for
non-critical applications.
• 6& = < 6=<" : (Constant Bit Rate) The connection is assigned a guaranteed data rate determined by the
Peak Cell Rate (PCR) . This category is suitable for critical
(real-time) applications that require a guaranteed data rate.
• ;#/ = < ; ;=<" : (Variable Bit Rate)
The connection is assigned a guaranteed data rate (Sustained Cell Rate (SCR)). This may be exceeded by the
volume configured in Maximum Burst Size. Any additional
ATM traffic is discarded. The Peak Cell Rate (PCR) represents the maximum possible data rate. This category is suitable for non-critical applications with burst data traffic.
• ;#/ = < ;' ;=<'" : (Variable Bit Rate)
The connection is assigned a guaranteed data rate (Sustained Cell Rate (SCR)). This may be exceeded by the
volume configured in Maximum Burst Size (MBS). Additional
ATM traffic is marked and handled with low priority based on
the utilisation of the destination network, i.e. is discarded if necessary. The Peak Cell Rate (PCR) represents the maximum
possible data rate. This category is suitable for critical applications with burst data traffic.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
303
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Peak Cell Rate (PCR)
Enter a value for the maximum data rate in bits per second.
Possible values: to .
The default value is .
Sustained Cell Rate
(SCR)
Only for ATM Service Category = ;#/ = < ;
;=<" or ;#/ = < ;' ;=<'"
Enter a value for the minimum available, guaranteed data rate
in bits per second.
Possible values: to .
The default value is .
Maximum Burst Size
(MBS)
Only for ATM Service Category = ;#/ = < ;
;=<" or ;#/ = < ;' ;=<'"
Enter a value for the maximum number of bits per second by
which the PCR can be exceeded briefly.
Possible values: to .
The default value is .
15.2.3 OAM Controlling
OAM is a service for monitoring ATM connections. A total of five hierarchies (flow level F1
to F5) are defined for OAM information flow. The most important information flows for an
ATM connection are F4 and F5. The F4 information flow concerns the virtual path (VP) and
the F5 information flow the virtual channel (VC). The VP is defined by the VPI value, the
VC by VPI and VCI.
Note
Generally, monitoring is not carried out by the terminal but is initiated by the ISP. Your
device then only needs to react correctly to the signals received. This is ensured
without a specific OAM configuration for both flow level 4 and flow level 5.
Two mechanisms are available for monitoring the ATM connection: Loopback Tests and
OAM Continuity Check (OAM CC). These can be configured independently of each other.
304
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Caution
The configuration of OAM requires extensive knowledge of ATM technology and the
way the bintec devices functions. An incorrect configuration can cause considerable
disruption during operation. If applicable, save the original configuration on your PC.
In the WAN -> ATM -> OAM Controlling menu, a list of all monitored OAM flow levels is
shown.
15.2.3.1 New
Choose the New button to set up monitoring for other flow levels.
Fig. 108: WAN -> ATM -> OAM Controlling -> New
The WAN -> ATM -> OAM Control->ling New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the OAM Controlling OAM Flow Configuration
Field
Description
OAM Flow Level
Select the OAM flow level to be monitored.
Possible values:
• 7: (virtual channel level) The OAM settings are used for the
virtual channel (default value).
• 7: (virtual path level) The OAM settings are used for the vir-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
305
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
tual path.
Virtual Channel Connec- Only for OAM Flow Level = 7
tion (VCC)
Select the already configured ATM connection to be monitored
(displayed by the combination of VPI and VCI).
Virtual Path Connection
(VPC)
Only for OAM Flow Level = 7
Select the already configured virtual path connection to be monitored (displayed by the VPI).
Fields in the OAM Control Loopback
Field
Description
Loopback End-to-End
Select whether you activate the loopback test for the connection
between the endpoints of the VCC or VPC.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
End-to-End Send Interval
Only if Loopback End-to-End is enabled.
Enter the time in seconds after which a loopback cell is to be
sent.
Possible values are to .
The default value is 5.
End-to-End Pending Re- Only if Loopback End-to-End is enabled.
quests
Enter the number of directly consecutive loopback cells that
may fail to materialise before the connection is regarded as interrupted ("down"). Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Loopback Segment
Select whether you want to activate the loopback test for the
segment connection (segment = connection of the local endpoint to the next connection point) of the VCC or VPC.
The function is activated with #/.
306
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is disabled by default.
Segment Send Interval
Only if Loopback Segment is enabled.
Enter the time in seconds after which a loopback cell is sent.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Segment Pending Requests
Only if Loopback Segment is enabled.
Enter the number of directly consecutive loopback cells that
may fail to materialise before the connection is regarded as interrupted ("down").
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Fields in the OAM Control CC Activation
Field
Description
Continuity Check (CC)
End-to-End
Select whether you activate the OAM-CC test for the connection
between the endpoints of the VCC or VPC.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OAM CC requests are responded to
after CC negotiation (CC activation negotiation).
• 1%: OAM CC requests are sent after CC negotiation (CC
activation negotiation).
• = : OAM CC requests are sent and answered after CC negotiation (CC activation negotiation).
• * $: Depending on the setting in the Direction
field, OAM CC requests are either sent and/or responded to.
There is no CC negotiation.
• *: The function is disabled.
Also select whether the test cells of the OAM CC are to be sent
or received.
Possible values:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
307
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• = (default value): CC data is both received and generated.
• -: CC data is received.
• -
%: CC data is generated.
Continuity Check (CC)
Segment
Select whether you want to activate the OAM-CC test for the
segment connection (segment = connection of the local endpoint to the next connection point) of the VCC or VPC.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OAM CC requests are responded to
after CC negotiation (CC activation negotiation).
• 1%: OAM CC requests are sent after CC negotiation (CC
activation negotiation).
• = : OAM CC requests are sent and answered after CC negotiation (CC activation negotiation).
• * $: Depending on the setting in the Direction
field, OAM CC requests are either sent and/or responded to.
There is no CC negotiation.
• *: The function is disabled.
Also select whether the test cells of the OAM CC are to be sent
or received.
Possible settings:
• = (default value): CC data is both received and generated.
• -: CC data is received.
• -
%: CC data is generated.
15.3 Leased Line
A leased line is a permanent (fixed) connection between two communication partners via a
telecommunications network. Unlike a switched line, the entire transmission channels is always available. The leased line cannot be set up by the subscriber by dialling and therefore
has no call number. The connection must be set up by the network operator.
308
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15 WAN
15.3.1 Interfaces
In the WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces menu, a list of all automatically generated
leased line connections is shown. Automatic generation requires the corresponding ISDN
interface to be configured.
Fig. 109: WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
309
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15.3.1.1 Edit
Choose the
button to edit the configuration of the corresponding leased line.
Fig. 110: WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces -> Autogenerated from BRI (ISDN-S0) ->
The WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces -> Autogenerated from BRI (ISDN-S0) ->
menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Leased Line Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired description for the connection.
Fields in the Interfaces IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
Default Route
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Local IP Address
310
Enter the IP address you received from your network operator.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Route Entries
Description
Define other routing entries for this connection class.
Add a new entry with Add.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
LCP Alive Check
Description
Select whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Compression
If necessary, select the type of encryption that should be used
for data traffic to the connection partner. If encryption is set, the
remote terminal must also support it, otherwise a connection
cannot be set up.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Encryption is not used.
• -+16
• (-!-+16
• (6: Microsoft Point-to-Point Compression
Fields in the Advanced Settings IP Options menu
Field
OSPF Mode
Description
Specify whether OSPF protocol packets are sent over the interface.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. no OSPF protocol packets sent over this interface.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
311
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Networks reachable over this interface are, however, included
when calculating the routing information and propagated over
active interfaces.
• 1%: OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. OSPF
protocol packets sent over this interface.
• % : OSPF is disabled for this interface.
Proxy ARP Mode
Select whether and how ARP requests are to be responded to
for the specified connection partner.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Deactivates Proxy ARP for this
connection partner.
• 5, 3: Your device only responds to an ARP request if the status of the connection to the connection partner
is 5, or 3. In the case of 3, your device only
responds to the ARP request; the connection is not set up until someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device responds to an ARP request only if the
status of the connection to the connection partner is 5,
(active), i.e. a connection already exists to the connection
partner.
Choose the
button to edit the configuration of the corresponding leased line for a PRI
interface.
312
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 111: WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces -> Autogenerated from PRI (ISDN-S2M) ->
The WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces -> Autogenerated from PRI (ISDN-S2M) ->
menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Interfaces Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired description for the connection.
Fields in the Interfaces IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
Default Route
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Local IP Address
Route Entries
Enter the IP address you received from your network operator.
Define other routing entries for this connection class.
Add a new entry with Add.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
313
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
LCP Alive Check
Description
Select whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Compression
If necessary, select the type of encryption that should be used
for data traffic to the connection partner. If encryption is set, the
remote terminal must also support it, otherwise a connection
cannot be set up.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Encryption is not used.
• -+16
• (-!-+16
• (6: Microsoft Point-to-Point Compression
Fields in the Advanced Settings IP Options menu
Field
OSPF Mode
Description
Specify whether OSPF protocol packets are sent over the interface.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. no OSPF protocol packets sent over this interface.
Networks reachable over this interface are, however, included
when calculating the routing information and propagated over
active interfaces.
• 1%: OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. OSPF
protocol packets sent over this interface.
• % : OSPF is disabled for this interface.
314
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Proxy ARP Mode
Select whether and how ARP requests are to be responded to
for the specified connection partner.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Deactivates Proxy ARP for this
connection partner.
• 5, 3: Your device only responds to an ARP request if the status of the connection to the connection partner
is 5, or 3. In the case of 3, your device only
responds to the ARP request; the connection is not set up until someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device responds to an ARP request only if the
status of the connection to the connection partner is 5,
(active), i.e. a connection already exists to the connection
partner.
Choose the
button to edit the configuration of the corresponding leased line for a serial
interface.
Fig. 112: WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces-> Autogenerated from Serial ->
The WAN -> Leased Line -> Interfaces-> Autogenerated from Serial ->
menu con-
sists of the following fields:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
315
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the Interfaces Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired description for the connection.
Fields in the Interfaces IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
Default Route
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Local IP Address
Route Entries
Enter the IP address you received from your network operator.
Define other routing entries for this connection class.
Add a new entry with Add.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
LCP Alive Check
Description
Select whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Compression
If necessary, select the type of encryption that should be used
for data traffic to the connection partner. If encryption is set, the
remote terminal must also support it, otherwise a connection
cannot be set up.
Possible values:
• * (default value): Encryption is not used.
316
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• -+16
• (-!-+16
• (6: Microsoft Point-to-Point Compression
Fields in the Advanced Settings IP Options menu
Field
OSPF Mode
Description
Specify whether OSPF protocol packets are sent over the interface.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. no OSPF protocol packets sent over this interface.
Networks reachable over this interface are, however, included
when calculating the routing information and propagated over
active interfaces.
• 1%: OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. OSPF
protocol packets sent over this interface.
• % : OSPF is disabled for this interface.
Proxy ARP Mode
Select whether and how ARP requests are to be responded to
for the specified connection partner.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Deactivates Proxy ARP for this
connection partner.
• 5, 3: Your device only responds to an ARP request if the status of the connection to the connection partner
is 5, or 3. In the case of 3, your device only
responds to the ARP request; the connection is not set up until someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device responds to an ARP request only if the
status of the connection to the connection partner is 5,
(active), i.e. a connection already exists to the connection
partner.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
317
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
15.4 Real Time Jitter Control
When telephoning over the Internet, voice data packets normally have the highest priority.
Nevertheless, if the upstream bandwidth is low, noticeable delays in voice transmission can
occur when other packets are routed at the same time.
The real time jitter control function solves this problem. So that the "line" is not blocked for
too long for the voice data packets, the size of the other packets can be reduced, if required, during a telephone call.
15.4.1 Controlled Interfaces
In the WAN -> Real Time Jitter Control -> Controlled Interfaces menu, a list of all interfaces is shown for which the real time jitter control has been configured.
15.4.1.1 New
Click o the New button to set up port forwarding for other interfaces.
Fig. 113: WAN -> Real Time Jitter Control -> Controlled Interfaces -> New
The WAN -> Real Time Jitter Control -> Controlled Interfaces -> New menu consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the Controlled Interfaces Basic Settings menu
318
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
15 WAN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Interface
Define for which interfaces voice transmission is to be optimised.
Control Mode
Select the mode for the optimisation.
Possible values:
• @/) 6// <+ -&(default value): By
means of the data routed via the media gateway, the system
detects voice data traffic and optimises the voice transmission.
• 1// <+ -&: All RTP streams are optimised.
• % : Voice data transmission is not optimised.
• 1/)&: Voice data transmission is always optimised.
Maximum Upload Speed Enter the maximum available upstream bandwidth in kbps for
the selected interface.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
319
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 16 VPN
A connection that uses the Internet as a "transport medium" but is not publicly accessible is
referred to as a VPN (Virtual Private Network). Only authorised users have access to such
a VPN, which is seemingly also referred to as a VPN tunnel. Normally the data transported
over a VPN is encrypted.
A VPN allows field staff or staff working from home offices to access data on the company's
network. Subsidiaries can also connect to head office over VPN.
Various protocols are available for creating a VPN tunnel, e.g. IPSec or PPTP.
The connection partner is authenticated with a password, using preshared keys or certificates.
With IPSec the data is encrypted using AES or 3DES, for example; with PPTP, you can
use MPPE.
16.1 IPSec
IPSec enables secure connections to be set up between two locations (VPN). This enables
sensitive business data to be transferred via an unsecure medium such as the Internet.
The devices used function here as the endpoints of the VPN tunnel. IPSec involves a number of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standards, which specify mechanisms for the
protection and authentication of IP packets. IPSec offers mechanisms for encrypting and
decrypting the data transferred in the IP packets. The IPSec implementation can also be
smoothly integrated in a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI, see Certificates on page 134). The
funkwerk IPSec implementation achieves this firstly by using the Authentication Header
(AH) protocol and Encapsulated Security Payload (ESP) protocol, and secondly through
the use of cryptographic key key administration mechanisms like the Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol.
16.1.1 IPSec Peers
An endpoint of a communication is defined as peer in a computer network. Each peer offers its services and uses the services of other peers.
In the VPN -> IPSec -> IPSec Peers menu a list of all configured IPSec peers is shown.
320
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 114: VPN -> IPSec -> IPSec Peers
Peer Monitoring
The menu for monitoring a peer is called by selecting the
button for the peer in the peer
list. See Values in the list IPSec Tunnels on page 511.
16.1.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up more IPSec peers.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
321
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 115: VPN -> IPSec -> IPSec Peers -> New
The VPN -> IPSec -> IPSec Peers -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the IPSec Peers Peer Parameters menu
Field
Description
Administrative Status
Select the status to which you wish to set the peer after saving
the peer configuration.
Possible values:
• 5, (default value): The peer is available for setting up a tunnel
immediately after saving the configuration.
• 3 : The peer is initially not available after the configuration
has been saved.
322
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Description
Enter a description of the peer that identifies it.
The maximum length of the entry is 255 characters.
Peer Address
Enter the official IP address of the peer or its resolvable host
name.
The entry can be omitted in certain configurations, whereby
your device then cannot initiate an IPSec connection.
Peer ID
Select the ID type and enter the peer ID.
This entry is not necessary in certain configurations.
The maximum length of the entry is 255 characters.
Possible ID types:
• 7
//) D
/ 3 *
7D3*"
• !/ 1&&
• ; 1&&
• 1-*!3*
3&$
& *"
On the peer device, this ID corresponds to the parameter Local
ID Value.
Preshared Key
Enter the password agreed with the peer.
The maximum length of the entry is 50 characters. All characters are possible except for ? at the start of the entry.
Fields in the IPSec Peers Interface Routes menu
Field
IP Address Assignment
Description
Select the configuration mode of the interface.
Possible values:
• -% (default value): Enter a static IP address.
• 2 6$ ( 6/: Select this option if your gateway receives an IP address from the server as IPSec client.
• 2 6$ ( -: Select this option if your gateway assigns an IP address as DHCP server for connecting cli-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
323
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
ents. This is taken from the selected IP Assignment Pool.
IP Assignment Pool
Only if IP Address Assignment = 2 6$ ( -!
Select an IP pool configured in the VPN -> IP Pools menu. If an
IP pool has not been configured here yet, the message *
) appears in this field.
Default Route
Only for IP Address Assignment = -%
Select whether the route to this IPSec peer is to be defined as
the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Local IP Address
Only if IP Address Assignment = -% and 2 6$
( -
Enter the WAN IP address of your IPSec tunnel. This can be the
same IP address as the address configured on your router as
the LAN IP address.
Route Entries
Define routing entries for this connection partner.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
LAN.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ). The default value is .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Advanced Settings Advanced IPSec Options menu
324
Field
Description
Phase 1 Profile
For phase 1, select a profile already configured in the Phase-1
Profiles menu. You can also select the profile marked as the
default in Phase-1 Profiles: * & 3
/
/".
Phase 2 Profile
For phase 2, select a profile already configured in the Phase-2
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Profiles menu. You can also select the profile marked as the
default in Phase-2 Profiles: * & 3
/
/".
XAUTH Profile
Select a profile created in VPN -> IPSec -> XAUTH profiles if
you wish to use this IPSec peer XAuth for authentication.
If XAuth is used together with IKE Config Mode, the transactions for XAuth are carried out before the transactions for IKE
Config Mode.
Number of Admitted
Connections
Choose how many users can connect using this peer profile.
Possible values:
• @ 5& (default value): Only one peer can be connected
with the data defined in this profile.
• (
/,/ 5&&: Several peers can be connected with the
data defined in this profile. The peer entry is duplicated for
each connection request with the data defined in this profile.
Start Mode
Select how the peer is to be switched to the active state.
Possible values:
• @ 3 (default value): The peer is switched to the active
state by a trigger.
• 1/)& ,: The peer is always active.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Advanced IP Options menu
Field
Description
Back Route Verify
Select whether a check on the back route should be activated
for the interface to the connection partner.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Proxy ARP
Select whether your device is to respond to ARP requests from
its own LAN on behalf of the specific connection partner.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Deactivates Proxy ARP for this
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
325
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
IPSec peer.
• 5, 3: Your device only responds to an ARP request if the status of the connection to the IPSec peer is 5,
(active) or 3. In the case of 3, your device
only responds to the ARP request; the connection is not set
up until someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device responds to an ARP request only if the
status of the connection to the IPSec peer is 5, (active), i.e. a
connection already exists to the IPSec peer.
IPSec Callback
bintec devices support the DynDNS service to enable hosts without fixed IP addresses to
obtain a secure connection over the Internet. This service enables a peer to be identified
using a host name that can be resolved by DNS. You do not need to configure the IP address of the peer.
The DynDNS service does not signal whether a peer is actually online and cannot cause a
peer to set up an Internet connection to enable an IPSec tunnel over the Internet. This possibility is created with IPSec callback: Using a direct ISDN call to a peer, you can signal
that you are online and waiting for the peer to set up an IPSec tunnel over the Internet. If
the called peer currently has no connection to the Internet, the ISDN call causes a connection to be set up. This ISDN call costs nothing (depending on country), as it does not have
to be accepted by your device. The identification of the caller from his or her ISDN number
is enough information to initiate setting up a tunnel.
Before you can configure this service, you must first configure a number for IPSec callback
on the passive page in the Physical Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> MSN Configuration ->
New menu. The value -% is available for this purpose in the Service field. This entry
ensures that incoming calls for this number are routed to the IPSec service.
If callback is active, the peer is caused to initiate setting up an IPSec tunnel by an ISDN
call as soon as this tunnel is required. With passive callback, the set-up of a tunnel to the
peer is always initiated if an ISDN call to the corresponding number ( MSN in the Physical
Interfaces -> ISDN Ports -> MSN Configuration -> New for Service -% menu) is received. This ensures that both peers are reachable and that the connection can be set up
over the Internet. The only case in which callback is not executed is if SAs (Security Associations) already exist, i.e. the tunnel to the peer already exists.
326
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
16 VPN
Note
If a tunnel is to be set up to a peer, the interface over which the tunnel is to be implemented is activated first by the IPSec Daemon. If IPSec with DynDNS is configured on
the local device, the own IP address is propagated first and then the ISDN call is sent
to the remote device. This ensures that the remote device can actually reach the local
device if it initiates the tunnel setup.
Transfer of IP Address over ISDN
Transferring the IP address of a device over ISDN (in the D channel and/or B channel)
opens up new possibilities for the configuration of IPSec VPNs. This enables restrictions
that occur in IPSec configuration with dynamic IP addresses to be avoided.
Note
To use the IP address transfer over ISDN function, you must obtain a free-of-charge
extra licence.
You can obtain the licence data for extra licences via the online licensing pages in the
support section at www.funkwerk-ec.com . Please follow the online licensing instructions.
Before System Software Release 7.1.4, IPSec ISDN callback only supported tunnel setup if
the current IP address of the initiator could be determined by indirect means (e.g. via
DynDNS). However, DynDNS has serious disadvantages, such as the latency until the IP
address is actually updated in the database. This can mean that the IP address propagated
via DynDNS is not correct. This problem is avoided by transferring the IP address over
ISDN. This type of transfer of dynamic IP addresses also enables the more secure ID Protect mode (main mode) to be used for tunnel setup.
Method of operation: Various modes are available for transferring your own IP address to
the peer: The address can be transferred free in the D channel or in the B channel, but
here the call must be accepted by the remote station and therefore incurs costs. If a peer
whose IP address has been assigned dynamically wants to arrange for another peer to set
up an IPSec tunnel, it can transfer its own IP address as per the settings described in
Fields in the Advanced Settings IPSec Callback menu on page 328. Not all transfer modes
are supported by all telephone companies. If you are not sure, automatic selection by the
device can be used to ensure that all the available possibilities can be used.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
327
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Note
The callback configuration on the two devices should be the same so your device of
the called peer can identify the IP address information.
The following roles are possible:
• One side takes on the active role, the other the passive role.
• Both sides can take on both roles (both).
The IP address transfer and the start of IKE phase 1 negotiation take place in the following
steps:
(1)
Peer A (the callback initiator) sets up a connection to the Internet in order to be assigned a dynamic IP address and be reachable for peer B over the Internet.
(2)
Your device creates a token with a limited validity and saves it together with the current IP address in the MIB entry belonging to peer B.
(3)
Your device sends the initial ISDN call to peer B, which transfers the IP address of
peer A and the token as per the callback configuration.
(4)
Peer B extracts the IP address of peer A and the token from the ISDN call and assigns them to peer A based on the calling party number configured (the ISDN number
used by peer A to send the initial call to peer B).
(5)
The IPSec Daemon at peer B's device can use the transferred IP address to initiate
phase 1 negotiation with peer A. Here the token is returned to peer A in part of the
payload in IKE negotiation.
(6)
Peer A is now able to compare the token returned by peer B with the entries in the
MIB and so identify the peer without knowing its IP address.
As peer A and peer B can now mutually identify each other, negotiations can also be conducted in the ID Protect mode using preshared keys.
Note
In some countries (e.g. Switzerland), the call in the D channel can also incur costs. An
incorrect configuration at the called side can mean that the called side opens the B
channel the calling side incurs costs.
Fields in the Advanced Settings IPSec Callback menu
328
Field
Description
Mode
Select the Callback Mode.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• % (default value): IPSec callback is deactivated. The
local device neither reacts to incoming ISDN calls nor initiates
ISDN calls to the remote device.
• &&: The local device only reacts to incoming ISDN calls
and, if necessary, initiates setting up an IPSec tunnel to the
peer. No ISDN calls are sent to the remote device to cause
this to set up an IPSec tunnel.
• 1%: The local device sends an ISDN call to the remote
device to cause this to set up an IPSec tunnel. The device
does not react to incoming ISDN calls.
• = : Your device can react to incoming ISDN calls and
send ISDN calls to the remote device. The setting up of an
IPSec tunnel is executed (after an incoming ISDN call) and
initiated (by an outgoing ISDN call).
Incoming ISDN Number
Only for Mode = && or =.
Enter the ISDN number from which the remote device calls the
local device (calling party number). Wildcards may also be
used.
Outgoing ISDN Number
Only for Mode = 1% or =.
Enter the ISDN number with which the local device calls the remote device calls (called party number). Wildcards may also be
used.
Transfer own IP address Select whether the IP address of your own device is to be transover ISDN
ferred over ISDN for IPSec callback.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Transfer Mode
Only if Transfer Own IP Address over ISDN = activated
Select the mode in which your device is to attempt to transfer its
IP address to the peer.
Possible values:
• 1
% #& : Your device automatically de-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
329
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
termines the most favourable mode. It first tries all D channel
modes before switching to the B channel. (Costs are incurred
for using the B channel.)
• 1
% /) 3 6/ (& : Your device automatically determines the most favourable D channel mode.
The use of the B channel is excluded.
• 5& &,%% 3 6/ ( : Your device tries to
transfer the IP address in the mode set in the D Channel
Mode field.
• +) &,%% 3 6/ (E // #% =
6/ : Your device tries to transfer the IP address in the
mode set in the D Channel Mode field. If this does not succeed, the IP address is transferred in the B channel. (This incurs costs.)
• 5& /) = 6/ ( : Your device transfers the IP
address in the B channel. This incurs costs.
D Channel Mode
Only if Transfer Mode = 5& &,%% 3 6/ (
or +) &,%% 3 6/ (E 7//#% =
6/
Select the D channel mode in which your device tries to transfer
the IP address.
Possible values:
• 446 (default value): The IP address is transferred in the "LLC
information elements" of the D channel.
• -5=133< : The IP address is transferred in the subaddress "information elements" of the D channel.
• 446 -5=133< : The IP address is transferred in both
the "LLC" and "subaddress information elements".
16.1.2 Phase-1 Profiles
In the VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-1 Profiles menu a list of all configured IPSec phase-1 profiles is shown.
330
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
16 VPN
Fig. 116: VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-1 Profiles
In the Standard column, you can mark the profile to be used as the default profile.
16.1.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new profiles.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
331
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 117: VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-1 Profiles -> New
The VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-1 Profile -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Phase-1 Profile Phase-1 (IKE) Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a description that uniquely defines the type of rule.
Proposals
In this field, you can select any combination of encryption and
message hash algorithms for IKE phase 1 on your device. The
combination of six encryption algorithms and four message
hash algorithms gives 24 possible values in this field. At least
one proposal must exist. Therefore the first line of the table cannot be deactivated.
Encryption algorithms (Encryption):
• '3- (default value): 3DES is an extension of the DES algorithm with an effective key length of 112 bits, which is rated
as secure. It is the slowest algorithm currently supported.
• +&: Twofish was a final candidate for the AES
(Advanced Encryption Standard). It is rated as just as secure
as Rijndael (AES), but is slower.
332
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• =/&: Blowfish is a very secure and fast algorithm.
Twofish can be regarded as the successor to Blowfish.
• 61-+: CAST is also a very secure algorithm, marginally
slower than Blowfish, but faster than 3DES.
• 3-: DES is an older encryption algorithm, which is rated as
weak due to its small effective length of 56 bits.
• 1-: Rijndael has been nominated as AES due to its fast key
setup, low memory requirements, high level of security
against attacks and general speed.
• 1-!: Rijndael has been nominated as AES due to its
fast key setup, low memory requirements, high level of security against attacks and general speed. Here, it is used with a
key length of 128 bits.
• 1-!: Rijndael has been nominated as AES due to its
fast key setup, low memory requirements, high level of security against attacks and general speed. Here, it is used with a
key length of 192 bits.
• 1-!: Rijndael has been nominated as AES due to its
fast key setup, low memory requirements, high level of security against attacks and general speed. Here, it is used with a
key length of 256 bits.
Hash algorithms (Authentication):
• (3 (default value): MD 5 (Message Digest #5) is an older
hash algorithm. It is used with a 96 bit digest length for IPSec.
• -81 : SHA1 (Secure Hash Algorithm #1) is a hash algorithm
developed by the NSA (United States National Security Association). It is rated as secure, but is slower than MD5. It is
used with a 96 bit digest length for IPSec.
• <,(3 : RipeMD 160 is a 160 bit hash algorithm. It is
used as a secure replacement for MD5 and RipeMD.
• +$: Tiger 192 is a relatively new and very fast algorithm.
Please note that the description of the encryption and authentication or the hash algorithms is based on the author’s knowledge
and opinion at the time of creating this User Guide. In particular,
the quality of the algorithms is subject to relative aspects and
may change due to mathematical or cryptographic developments.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
333
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
DH Group
The Diffie-Hellman group defines the parameter set used as the
basis for the key calculation during phase 1. "MODP" as supported by bintec devices stands for "modular exponentiation".
Possible values:
• . =": During the Diffie-Hellman key calculation,
modular exponentiation at 768 bits is used to create the encryption material.
• =": During the Diffie-Hellman key calculation,
modular exponentiation at 1024 bits is used to create the encryption material.
• ' =": During the Diffie-Hellman key calculation,
modular exponentiation at 1536 bits is used to create the encryption material.
Lifetime
Create a lifetime for phase 1 keys.
As for RFC 2407, the default value is eight hours, which means
the key must be renewed once eight hours have elapsed.
The following options are available for defining the lifetime:
Entry in Seconds: Enter the lifetime for phase 1 key in seconds.
The value can be a whole number from 0 to 2147483647. The
default value is .
Entry in KBytes: Enter the lifetime for phase 1 keys as amount
of data processed in kBytes. The value can be a whole number
from 0 to 2147483647. The default value is .
The standard value as per RFC is used seconds and Kbytes are entered.
Authentication Method
Select the authentication method.
Possible values:
• & 2)& (default value): If you do not use certificates for the authentication, you can select Preshared Keys.
These are configured during peer configuration in the IPSec
Peers menu. The preshared key is the shared password.
• 3-1 -$
: Phase 1 key calculations are authenticated
using the DSA algorithm.
334
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• <-1 -$
: Phase 1 key calculations are authenticated
using the RSA algorithm.
• <-1 %),: In RSA encryption the ID payload is also
encrypted for additional security.
Local Certificate
Only if Authentication Method = 3-1 -$
, <-1 -$!
or <-1 %),
This field enables you to select one of your own certificates for
authentication. It shows the index number of this certificate and
the name under which it is saved. This field is only shown for
authentication settings based on certificates and indicates that a
certificate is essential.
Mode
Select the phase 1 mode.
Possible values:
• 1$$&& (default value): The Aggressive Mode is necessary if one of the peers does not have a static IP address and
preshared keys are used for authentication; it requires only
three messages for configuring a secure channel.
• ( ( 3 %" : This mode (also designated
Main Mode) requires six messages for a Diffie-Hellman key
calculation and thus for configuring a secure channel, over
which the IPSec SAs can be negotiated. A condition is that
both peers have static IP addresses if preshared keys are
used for authentication.
Also define whether the selected mode is used exclusively
(Strict), or the peer can also propose another mode.
Local ID Type
Select the local ID type.
Possible values:
• 7
//) D
/ 3 *
7D3*"
• !/ 1&&
• ; 1&&
• 1-*!3*
Local ID Value
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
3&$
& *"
Enter the ID of your device.
335
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
For Authentication Method = 3-1 -$
, <-1 -$!
or <-1 %),, the Use Subject Name from certificate option is shown.
If you enable the Use Subjectname from Certificate option,
the first alternative subject name indicated in the certificate is
used, or, if none is specified, the subject name of the certificate
is used.
Note: If you use certificates for authentication and your certificate contains alternative subject names (see Certificates on
page 134), you must make sure your device selects the first alternative subject name by default. Make sure you and your peer
both use the same name, i.e. that your local ID and the peer ID
your partner configures for you are identical.
Alive Check
During communication between two IPSec peers, one of the peers may become unavailable, e.g. due to routing problems or a reboot. However, this can only be detected when
the end of the lifetime of the security connection is reached. Up until this point the data
packets are lost. These are various methods of performing an alive check to prevent this
happening. In the Alive Check field you can specify whether a method should be used to
check the availability of a peer.
Two methods are available: Heartbeats and Dead Peer Detection.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Alive Check
Select the method to be used to check the functionality of the
IPSec connection.
In addition to the default method Dead Peer Detection (DPD),
the (proprietary) Heartbeat method is implemented. This sends
and receives signals every 5 seconds, depending on the configuration. If these signals are not received after 20 seconds, the
SA is discarded as invalid.
Possible values:
• 1
% (default value): Your device detects and uses
336
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
the mode supported by the remote terminal.
• % : Your device sends and expects no heartbeat. Set
this option if you use devices from other manufacturers.
• 8#& ?,% /)": Your device expects a
heartbeat from the peer but does not send one itself.
• 8#& - /)": Your device expects no heartbeat from the peer, but sends one itself.
• 8#& & H ?,%": Your device expects a
heartbeat from the peer and sends one itself.
• 3 3%: Use DPD (dead peer detection) in
accordance with RFC 3706. DPD uses a request-reply protocol to check the availability of the remote terminal and can
be configured independently on both sides. This option only
checks the availability of the peer if data is to be sent to it.
• 3 3% /": Use DPD (dead peer detection) in accordance with RFC 3706. DPD uses a requestreply protocol to check the availability of the remote terminal
and can be configured independently on both sides. This option is used to carry out a check at certain intervals depending
on forthcoming data transfers.
Block Time
Define how long a peer is blocked for tunnel setups after a
phase 1 tunnel setup has failed. This only affects locally initiated
setup attempts.
Possible values are ! to (seconds); ! means the
value in the default profile is used and means that the peer is
never blocked.
The default value is '.
NAT Traversal
NAT Traversal (NAT-T) also enables IPSec tunnels to be
opened via one or more devices on which network address
translation (NAT) is activated.
Without NAT-T, incompatibilities may arise between IPSec and
NAT (see RFC 3715, section 2). These primarily prevent the
setup of an IPSec tunnel from a host within a LANs and behind
a NAT device to another host or device. NAT-T enables these
kinds of tunnels without conflicts with NAT device, activated
NAT is automatically detected by the IPSec Daemon and NAT-T
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
337
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
is used.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
CA Certificates
Only if Authentication Method = 3-1 -$
, <-1 -$!
or <-1 %),
If you enable the Trust the following CA certificates option,
you can select up to three additional CA certificates that are accepted for this profile.
This option can only be configured if certificates are loaded.
16.1.3 Phase-2 Profiles
You can define profiles for phase 2 of the tunnel setup just as for phase 1.
In the VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-2 Profiles menu a list of all configured IPSec phase-2 profiles is shown.
Fig. 118: VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-2 Profiles
In the Standard column, you can mark the profile to be used as the default profile.
338
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
16.1.3.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new profiles.
Fig. 119: VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-2 Profiles -> New
The VPN -> IPSec -> Phase-2 Profiles -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Phase-2 Profiles Phase-2 (IPSEC) Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a description that uniquely identifies the profile.
The maximum length of the entry is 255 characters.
Proposals
In this field, you can select any combination of encryption and
message hash algorithms for IKE phase 2 on your default. The
combination of six encryption algorithms and two message hash
algorithms gives 12 possible values in this field.
Encryption algorithms (Encryption):
• '3- (default value): 3DES is an extension of the DES algorithm with an effective key length of 112 bits, which is rated
as secure. It is the slowest algorithm currently supported.
• !144!: All options can be used.
• 1-!: Rijndael has been nominated as AES due to its
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
339
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
fast key setup, low memory requirements, high level of security against attacks and general speed. Here, it is used with a
key length of 128 bits.
• 1-!: Rijndael has been nominated as AES due to its
fast key setup, low memory requirements, high level of security against attacks and general speed. Here, it is used with a
key length of 192 bits.
• 1-!: Rijndael has been nominated as AES due to its
fast key setup, low memory requirements, high level of security against attacks and general speed. Here, it is used with a
key length of 256 bits.
• +&: Twofish was a final candidate for the AES
(Advanced Encryption Standard). It is rated as just as secure
as Rijndael (AES), but is slower.
• =/&: Blowfish is a very secure and fast algorithm.
Twofish can be regarded as the successor to Blowfish.
• 61-+: CAST is also a very secure algorithm, marginally
slower than Blowfish, but faster than 3DES.
• 3-: DES is an older encryption algorithm, which is rated as
weak due to its small effective length of 56 bits.
Hash algorithms (Authentication):
• (3 (default value): MD 5 (Message Digest #5) is an older
hash algorithm. It is used with a 96 bit digest length for IPSec.
• !144!: All options can be used.
• -81 : SHA1 (Secure Hash Algorithm #1) is a hash algorithm developed by the NSA (United States National Security Association). It is rated as secure, but is slower than MD5.
It is used with a 96 bit digest length for IPSec.
Note that RipeMD 160 and Tiger 192 are not available for message hashing in phase 2.
Use PFS Group
340
As PFS (Perfect Forward Secrecy) requires another DiffieHellman key calculation to create new encryption material, you
must select the exponentiation features. If you enable PFS ( Enabled), the options are the same as for the configuration in
Phase 1: Group. PFS is used to protect the keys of a renewed
phase 2 SA, even if the keys of the phase 1 SA have become
known.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The field has the following options:
• . =": During the Diffie-Hellman key calculation,
modular exponentiation at 768 bits is used to create the encryption material.
• =" (default value): During the Diffie-Hellman key
calculation, modular exponentiation at 1024 bits is used to
create the encryption material.
• ' =": During the Diffie-Hellman key calculation,
modular exponentiation at 1536 bits is used to create the encryption material.
Lifetime
Define how the lifetime is defined that will expire before phase 2
SAs need to be renewed.
The new SAs are negotiated shortly before expiry of the current
SAs. As for RFC 2407, the default value is eight hours, which
means the key must be renewed once eight hours have
elapsed.
The following options are available for defining the lifetime:
Entry in -%&: Enter the lifetime for phase 2 key in seconds.
The value can be a whole number from to .'. . The
default value is ..
Entry in 2=)&: Enter the lifetime for phase 2 keys as amount
of data processed in Kbytes. The value can be a whole number
from to .'. . The default value is .
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
IP Compression
Select whether compression is to be activated before data encryption. If data is compressed effectively, this can result in
higher performance and a lower volume of data to be transferred. In the case of fast lines or data that cannot be compressed, you are advised against using this option as the performance can be significantly affected by the increased effort
during compression.
341
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Alive Check
Select whether and how IPSec heartbeats are used.
A bintec IPSec heartbeat is implemented to determine whether
or not a Security Association (SA) is still valid. This function
sends and receives signals every 5 seconds, depending on the
configuration. If these signals are not received after 20 seconds,
the SA is discarded as invalid.
Possible values:
• % : Your device sends and expects no heartbeat. Set
this option if you use devices from other manufacturers.
• 8#& ?,% /)": Your device expects a
heartbeat from the peer but does not send one itself.
• 8#& - /)": Your device expects no heartbeat from the peer, but sends one itself.
• 8#& & H ?,%": Your device expects a
heartbeat from the peer and sends one itself.
• 1
%: Automatic detection of whether the remote terminal is a bintec device. If it is, Heartbeat Both (for a remote
terminal with bintec) or None (for a remote terminal without
bintec) is set.
Propagate PMTU
Select whether the PMTU (Path Maximum Transfer Unit) is to
be propagated during phase 2.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
16.1.4 XAUTH Profiles
In the XAUTH Profiles menu a list of all XAuth users is displayed.
Extended Authentication for IPSec (XAuth) is an additional authentication method for IPSec
tunnel users.
The gateway can take on two different roles when using XAuth as it can act as a server or
342
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
16 VPN
as a client:
• As a server the gateway requires a proof of authorisation.
• As a client the gateway provides proof of authorisation.
In server mode multiple users can obtain authentication via XAuth, e.g. users of Apple
iPhones. Authorisation is verified either on the basis of a list or via a Radius Server. If using
a one time password (OTP), the password check can be carried out by a token server (e.g.
SecOVID from Kobil), which is installed behind the Radius Server. If a company's
headquarters is connected to several branches via IPSec, several peers can be configured.
A specific user can then use the IPSec tunnel over various peers depending on the assignment of various profiles. This is useful, for example, if an employee works alternately in different branches, if each peer represents a branch and if the employee wishes to have onsite access to the tunnel.
XAuth is carried out once IPSec IKE (Phase 1) has been completed successfully and before IKE (Phase 2) begins.
If XAuth is used together with IKE Config Mode, the transactions for XAuth are carried out
before the transactions for IKE Config Mode.
16.1.4.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new profiles.
Fig. 120: VPN -> IPSec -> XAUTH Profiles -> New
The VPN -> IPSec -> XAUTH Profiles -> New menu consists of the following fields:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
343
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the XAUTH Profiles Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a description for this XAuth profile.
Role
Select the role of the gateway for XAuth authentication.
Possible values:
• - (default value): The gateway requires a proof of authorisation.
• 6/: The gateway provides proof of authorisation.
Mode
Only if Role = -
Select how authentication is carried out.
Possible values:
• <135- (default value): Authentication is carried out via a Radius server. This is configured in the System Management ->
Remote Authentication -> RADIUS menu and selected in
the RADIUS Server Group ID field.
• 4%/: Authentication is carried out via a local list.
Name
Only if Role = 6/
Enter the authentication name of the client.
Password
Only if Role = 6/
Enter the authentication password.
RADIUS Server Group
ID
Users
Only if Role = -
Select the desired RADIUS group configured in System Management ->Remote Authentication -> RADIUS.
Only if Role = - and Mode = 4%/
If your gateway is configured as an XAuth server, the clients
can be authenticated via a locally configured user list. Define
the members of the user group of this XAUTH profile here by
entering the authentication name of the client (Name) and the
authentication password (Password). Add new members with
344
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Add.
16.1.5 IP Pools
In the IP Pools menu a list of all IP pools for your configured IPSec connections is displayed.
If have set IP Address Assignment 2 6$ ( - for an IPSec peer, you
must define the IP pools from which the IP addresses are assigned.
Use the Add button to set up new IP pools.
Fig. 121: VPN -> IPSec -> IP Pools -> Add
The VPN -> IPSec -> IP Pools -> Add menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options IP Pools menu
Field
Description
IP Pool Name
Enter the name of the IP pool.
IP Pool Range
In the first field, enter the first IP address of the range.
In the second field, enter the last IP address of the range.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
345
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
16.1.6 Options
Fig. 122: VPN -> IPSec -> Options
The VPN -> IPSec -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Global Options menu
Field
Description
Enable IPSec
Select whether you want to activate IPSec.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is active as soon as an IPSec Peer is configured.
Delete complete IPSec
configuration
If you click the
icon, delete the complete IPSec configuration
of your device.
This cancels all settings made during the IPSec configuration.
Once the configuration is deleted, you can start with a completely new IPSec configuration.
You can only delete the configuration if Enable IPSec = *
%.
346
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
IPSec Debug Level
Select the priority of the syslog messages of the IPSec subsystem to be recorded internally.
Possible values:
• $%) (highest priority)
• 1/
• 6%/
• • 0$
• *%
• • 3#
$ (default value, lowest priority)
Syslog messages are only recorded internally if they have a
higher or identical priority to that indicated, i.e. all messages
generated are recorded at syslog level debug.
The Advanced Settings menu is for adapting certain functions and features to the special
requirements of your environment, i.e. mostly interoperability flags are set. The default values are globally valid and enable your system to work correctly to other bintec devices, so
that you only need to change these values if the remote terminal is a third-party product or
you know special settings are necessary. These may be needed, for example, if the remote
end operates with older IPSec implementations.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Advanced Settings menu
Field
Description
Send Initial Contact
Message
Select whether IKE Initial Contact messages are to be sent during IKE (phase 1) if no SAs with a peer exist.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Sync SAs with ISP inter- Select whether all SAs are to be deleted whose data traffic was
face state
routed via an interface on which the status has changed from
5,to 3, 3 or =/%.
The function is activated with #/.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
347
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is disabled by default.
Use Zero Cookies
Select whether zeroed ISAKMP Cookies are to be sent.
These are equivalent to the SPI (Security Parameter Index) in
IKE proposals; as they are redundant, they are normally set to
the value of the negotiation currently in progress. Alternatively,
your device can use zeroes for all values of the cookie. In this
case choose #/.
Zero Cookie Size
Only if Use Zero Cookies = activated.
Enter the length in bytes of the zeroed SPI used in IKE proposals.
The default value is '.
Dynamic RADIUS Authentication
Select whether RADIUS authentication is to be activated via
IPSec.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Fields in the Advanced Settings PKI Editing Options menu
Field
Description
Ignore Certificate Request Payloads
Select whether certificate requests received from the remote
end during IKE (phase 1) are to be ignored.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Send Certificate Request Payloads
Select whether certificate requests are to be sent during IKE
(phase 1).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Send Certificate Chains
Select whether complete certificate chains are to be sent during
IKE (phase 1).
The function is activated with #/.
348
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is enabled by default.
Deactivate this function if you do not wish to send the peer the
certificates of all levels (from your level to the CA level).
Send CRLs
Select whether CRLs are to be sent during IKE (phase 1).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Send Key Hash Payloads
Select whether key hash payloads are to be sent during IKE
(phase 1).
In the default setting, the public key hash of the remote end is
sent together with the other authentication data. Only applies for
RSA encryption; activate this function with #/ to suppress this behaviour.
16.2 L2TP
The layer 2 tunnel protocol (L2TP) enables PPP connections to be tunnelled via a UDP
connection.
Your bintec device supports the following two modes:
• L2TP LNS Mode (L2TP Network Server): for incoming connections only
• L2TP LAC Mode (L2TP Access Concentrator): for outgoing connections only
Note the following when configuring the server and client: An L2TP tunnel profile must be
created on each of the two sides (LAC and LNS). The corresponding L2TP tunnel profile is
used on the initiator side (LAC) to set up the connection. The L2TP tunnel profile is needed
on the responder side (LNS) to accept the connection.
16.2.1 Tunnel Profiles
In the VPN -> L2TP -> Tunnel Profiles menu a list of all configured tunnel profiles is
shown.
16.2.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new tunnel profiles.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
349
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 123: VPN -> L2TP -> Tunnel Profiles -> New
The VPN -> L2TP -> Tunnel Profiles -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Tunnel Profiles Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a description for the current profile.
The device automatically names the profiles 4+
and numbers them, but the value can be changed.
Local Hostname
Enter the host name for LNS or LAC.
• LAC: The Local Hostname is used in outgoing tunnel setup
messages to identify this device and is associated with the
Remote Hostname of a tunnel profile configured on the LNS.
These tunnel setup messages are SCCRQs (Start Control
Connection Request) sent from the LAC and SCCRPs (Start
Control Connection Reply) sent from the LNS.
• LNS: Is the same as the value for Remote Hostname of the
incoming tunnel setup message from the LAC.
350
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Remote Hostname
Description
Enter the host name of the LNS or LAC.
• LAC: Defines the value for Local Host Name of the LNS
(contained in the SCCRQs received from the LNS and the
SCCRPs received from the LAC). The Local Hostname configured in the LAC must match the Remote Hostname configured for the intended profile in the LNS and vice versa.
• LNS: Defines the Local Host Name of the LAC. If the Remote Hostname field remains empty on the LNS, the related
profile qualifies as the standard entry and is used for all incoming calls for which a profile with a matching Remote
Hostname can be found.
Password
Enter the password to be used for tunnel authentication. Authentication between LAC and LNS takes place in both directions, i.e. the LNS checks the Local Hostname and the Password contained in the SCCRQ of the LAC and compares them
with those specified in the relevant profile. The LAC does the
same with the fields of the SCCRP of the LNS.
If this field remains empty, authentication data in the tunnel
setup messages are not sent and are ignored.
Fields in the Tunnel Profiles LAC Mode Parameters menu
Field
Description
Remote IP Address
Enter the fixed IP address of the LNS used as the destination
address for connections based on this profile.
The destination must be a device that can behave like an LNS.
UDP Source Port
Enter how the port number to be used as the source port for all
outgoing L2TP connections based on this profile is to be be determined.
By default, the Fixed option is disabled, which means that ports
are dynamically assigned to the connections that use this profile.
If you want to enter a fixed port, enable the Fixed option. Select
this option if you encounter problems with the firewall or NAT.
The available values are to '.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
351
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
UDP Destination Port
Enter the destination port number to be used for all calls based
on this profile. The remote LNS that receives the call must monitor this port on L2TP connections.
Possible values are ... '.
The default value is . (RFC 2661).
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Local IP Address
Enter the IP address to be used as the source address for all
L2TP connections based on this profile.
If this field is left empty, your device uses the IP address of the
interface used to reach Remote IP Address by the L2TP tunnel.
Hello Interval
Enter the interval (in seconds) between the sending of two L2TP
HELLO messages. These messages are used to keep the tunnel open.
The available values are to , the default value is '. The
value means that no L2TP HELLO messages are sent.
Minimum Time between Enter the minimum time (in seconds) that your device waits beRetries
fore resending a L2TP control packet for which it received no response.
The wait time is dynamically extended until it reaches the Maximum Time between Retries. The available values are to
, the default value is .
Maximum Time between Enter the maximum time (in seconds) that your device waits beRetries
fore resending a L2TP control packet for which it received no response.
The available values are to , the default value is .
Maximum Retries
352
Enter the maximum number of times your device is to try to resend the L2TP control packet for which is received no response.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The available values are to , the default value is .
Data Packets Sequence Select whether your device is to use sequence numbers for
Numbers
data packets sent through a tunnel on the basis of this profile.
The function is not currently used.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
16.2.2 Users
In the VPN -> L2TP -> Users menu a list of all configured L2TP partners is shown.
16.2.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new L2TP partners.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
353
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 124: VPN -> L2TP -> Users -> New
The VPN -> L2TP -> Users -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Users Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a name for uniquely identifying the L2TP partner.
The first character in this field must not be a number and no
special characters or umlauts must be used. The maximum
length of the entry is 25 characters.
Connection Type
354
Select whether the L2TP partner is to take on the role of the
L2TP network server (LNS) or the functions of a L2TP access
concentrator client (LAC client).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values:
• 4*- (default value): If you select this option, the L2TP partner
is configured so that it accepts L2TP tunnels and restores the
encapsulated PPP traffic flow.
• 416 : If you select this option, the L2TP partner is configured
so that it encapsulates a PPP traffic flow in L2TP and sets up
a L2TP tunnel to a remote LNS.
Tunnel Profile
Only for Connection Type = 416
Select a profile created in the Tunnel Profiles menu for the
connection to this L2TP partner.
User Name
Enter the code of your device.
Password
Enter the password.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Connection Idle Timeout Only if Always on is disabled.
Enter the idle time in seconds for static short hold. The static
short hold setting determines how many seconds should pass
between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the
connection.
Possible values are to ' (seconds). deactivates the
short hold. The default value is '.
Fields in the Users IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Select whether your device is to be assigned a static IP address
or whether it should be assigned this dynamically.
Possible values:
• -% (default value): You enter a static IP address.
• 1&&: Only for Connection Type = 4*-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
355
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Your device dynamically assigns an IP address to the remote
terminal.
• 1&&: Only for Connection Type = 416 Your
device is dynamically assigned an IP address.
Default Route
Only if IP Address Mode = 1&&
and -%
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Create NAT Policy
Only if IP Address Mode = 1&&
and -%
Specify whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be activated for this connection.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
IP Assignment Pool
(IPCP)
Local IP Address
Only if IP Address Mode = 1&&
Select an IP pool configured in the WAN -> Internet + Dialup > IP Pools menu.
Only for IP Address Mode = -%
Enter the WAN IP address of your device.
Route Entries
Only for IP Address Mode = -%
Enter the Remote IP Address and Netmask of the L2TP partner LAN and the corresponding Metric. Add new entries with
Add.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
356
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Block after connection
failure for
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed. The default value is '.
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this L2TP partner.
Possible values:
• 196819(-!681 (default value): Primarily run CHAP, on
denial, the authentication protocol required by the PPTP partner. (MSCHAP version 1 or 2 possible.)
• 1: Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol);
the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• (-!681: Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
Encryption
If necessary, select the type of encryption that should be used
for data traffic to the L2TP partner. This is only possible if STAC
or MS-STAC compression is not activated for the connection. If
Encryption is set, the remote terminal must also support it, otherwise a connection cannot be set up.
Possible values:
• *: MPP encryption is not used.
• #/ (default value): MPP encryption V2 with 128 bit is
used to RFC 3078.
• 0& %,#/: MPP encryption V2 with 128 bit is
used as compatible with Microsoft and Cisco.
LCP Alive Check
Check whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked by sending LCP echo requests or replies. This is recommended for leased lines, PPTP and L2TP connections.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
357
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Prioritize TCP ACK
Packets
Select whether the TCP download is to be optimised in the
event of intensive TCP upload. This function can be specially
applied for asymmetrical bandwidths (ADSL).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Fields in the Advanced Settings IP Options menu
Field
Description
OSPF Mode
Select whether and how routes are propagated via the interface
and/or OSPF protocol packets are to be sent.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. no routes are propagated or OSPF protocol packets
sent over this interface. Networks reachable over this interface are, however, included when calculating the routing information and propagated over active interfaces.
• 1%: OSPF is activated for this interface, i.e. routes are
propagated or OSPF protocol packets sent over this interface.
• % : OSPF is disabled for this interface.
Proxy ARP Mode
Select whether your device is to respond to ARP requests from
its own LAN on behalf of the specific L2TP partner.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Deactivates Proxy ARP for this
L2TP partner.
• 5, 3: Your device only responds to an ARP request if the status of the connection to the L2TP partner is 5,
(active) or 3. In the case of 3, your device
only responds to the ARP request; the connection is not set
up until someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device responds to an ARP request only if the
status of the connection to the L2TP partner is 5, (active), i.e.
a connection already exists to the L2TP partner.
DNS Negotiation
358
Select whether your device receives IP addresses for Primary
DNS Server, Secondary DNS Server, primary WINS and sec-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
ondary WINS from the L2TP partner or sends these to the
L2TP partner.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
16.2.3 Options
Fig. 125: VPN -> L2TP -> Options
The VPN -> L2TP -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Global Options menu
Field
Description
UDP Destination Port
Enter the port to be monitored by the LNS on incoming L2TP
tunnel connections.
Available values are all whole numbers from to ', the
default value is .E as specified in RFC 2661.
UDP Source Port Selec- Select whether the LNS should only use the monitored port
tion
(UDP destination port) as the local source port for the L2TP
connection.
The function is activated with 7?.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
359
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is disabled by default.
16.3 PPTP
The Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol (=PPTP) can be used to set up an encrypted PPTP
tunnel to provide security for data traffic over an existing IP connection.
First a connection to an ISP (=Internet Service Provider) is set up at both sites. Once these
connections are available, a tunnel is set up to the PPTP partner over the Internet using
PPTP.
The PPTP subsystem sets up a control connection between the endpoints of the tunnel.
This is used to send control data to set up, keep alive and terminate the connection
between the two PPTP tunnel end-points. As soon as this control connection is set up, the
PPTP transfers the traffic data packed in GRE packets (GRE = Generic Routing Encapsulation).
16.3.1 PPTP Tunnel
In the PPTP Tunnel menu, a list of all PPTP tunnels is shown.
360
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
16.3.1.1 New
Click on New to set up further PPTP partners.
Fig. 126: VPN -> PPTP -> PPTP Tunnels -> New
The VPN -> PPTP -> PPTP Tunnels -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu, PPTP Tunnels PPTP Partner Parameter
Field
Description
Description
Enter a unique name for the tunnel.
The first character in this field must not be a number and no
special characters or umlauts must be used.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
361
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
PPTP Mode
Enter the role to be assigned to the PPTP interface.
Possible values:
• *- (default value): this assigns the PPTP interface the role
of PPTP server.
• 0& 6/ (: this assigns the PPTP interface the
role of PPTP client.
User Name
Enter the user name.
Password
Enter the password.
Always on
Select whether the interface should always be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Connection Idle Timeout
Only if Always on is disabled.
Enter the idle interval in seconds. This determines how many
seconds should pass between sending the last traffic data packet and clearing the connection.
Possible values are to ' (seconds). deactivates the
timeout.
The default value is '.
Example: for FTP transmission, for LAN-to-LAN transmission, for Internet connections.
Remote PPTP IP Address
Only for PPTP Mode = *-Enter the IP address of the PPTP
partner.
Remote PPTP IP Address/Hostname
Only for PPTP Mode = 0& 6/ (Enter the IP
address of the PPTP partner.
Fields in the PPTP Tunnel IP Mode and Routes menu
Field
Description
IP Address Mode
Select whether your device is to be assigned a static IP address
or whether it should be assigned this dynamically.
Possible values:
362
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• -% (default value): You enter a static IP address.
• 1&&: Only if PPTP Mode = *-Your
device dynamically assigns an IP address to the remote terminal.
• 1&&: Only if PPTP Mode = 0& 6/
(Your device is dynamically assigned an IP address.
Default Route
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Select whether the route to this connection partner is to be
defined as the default route.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Create NAT Policy
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
When you configure an ISDN connection, specify whether Network Address Translation (NAT) is to be enabled.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Local IP Address
Only for IP Address Mode = -%
Assign the IP address from your LAN to the ISDN interface
which is to be used as your device's internal source address.
Route Entries
Only if IP Address Mode = -%
Define routing entries for this connection partner.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
LAN.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ). The default value is .
IP Assignment Pool
(IPCP)
Only if IP Address Mode = 1&&
Select an IP pool configured in the WAN -> Internet + Dialup > IP Pools menu. If an IP pool has not been configured here
yet, the message * ) appears in this field.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
363
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Block after connection
failure for
Description
Enter the wait time in seconds before the device should try
again after an attempt to set up a connection has failed.
The default value is '.
Authentication
Select the authentication protocol for this PPTP partner.
Possible values:
• 1: Only run 1 (PPP Password Authentication Protocol);
the password is transferred unencrypted.
• 681: Only run 681 (PPP Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol as per RFC 1994); the password is transferred
encrypted.
• 19681: Primarily run CHAP, otherwise PAP.
• (-!681: Only run MS-CHAP version 1 (PPP Microsoft
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol).
• 196819(-!681 : Give priority to CHAP, if refused use
the authentication protocol requested by the PPTP partner.
(MSCHAP version 1 or 2 possible.)
• (-!681(default value): Run MS-CHAP version 2 only.
Encryption
If necessary, select the type of encryption that should be used
for data traffic to the connection partner. If Encryption is set,
the remote terminal must also support it, otherwise a connection
cannot be set up.
Possible values:
• *: MPP encryption is not used.
• #/ (default value): MPP encryption V2 with 128 bit is
used to RFC 3078.
• 0& %,#/: MPP encryption V2 with 128 bit is
used as compatible with Microsoft and Cisco.
LCP Alive Check
364
Check whether the reachability of the remote terminal is to be
checked by sending LCP echo requests or replies. This is recommended for leased lines, PPTP and L2TP connections.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Fields in the Advanced Settings IP Options menu
Field
Description
OSPF Mode
Select whether and how routes are propagated via the interface
and/or OSPF protocol packets are to be sent.
Possible values:
• && (default value): OSPF is not activated for this interface, i.e. no routes are propagated or OSPF protocol packets
sent over this interface. Networks reachable over this interface are, however, included when calculating the routing information and propagated over active interfaces.
• 1%: OSPF is activated for this interface, i.e. routes are
propagated or OSPF protocol packets sent over this interface.
• % : OSPF is disabled for this interface.
Proxy ARP Mode
Select whether your device is to answer APR requests from
your LAN on behalf of the specific PPTP partner.
Possible values:
• % (default value): Disables Proxy-ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) for this PPTP partner.
• 5, 3: Your device answers an APR request only
if the status of the connection to the PPTP partner is 5, or
3. In the case of 3, your device only responds
to the ARP request; the connection is not set up until
someone actually wants to use the route.
• 5, @/): Your device answers an APR request only if the
status of the connection to the PPTP partner is 1%, i.e. if
a connection to the PPTP partner has already been established.
DNS Negotiation
Select whether your device should obtain IP addresses for
Primary DNS client, Secondary DNS client from the PPTP
partner or should send these to the PPTP partner.
The function is activated with #/.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
365
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is enabled by default.
Fields in the Advanced Settings PPTP Callback menu
Field
Callback
Description
Enables a PPTP tunnel through the Internet to be set up with a
PPTP partner, even if the partner is currently inaccessible. As a
rule, the PPTP partner will be requested by means of an ISDN
call to go online and set up a PPTP connection.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Note that you must activate the relevant option on the gateways
of both partners. An ISDN connection is usually required for this
function. Without ISDN, callback is only to be activated in special applications.
Incoming ISDN Number
Only if Callback is enabled.
Enter the ISDN number from which the remote device calls the
local device (calling party number).
Outgoing ISDN Number
Only if Callback is enabled.
Enter the ISDN number with which the local device calls the remote device calls (called party number).
Fields in the Advanced Settings Dial Port Selection (only if callback = enabled) menu
Field
Selected Ports
Description
Enter the ISDN port over which callback is carried out.
Possible values:
• 1// &: The callback is routed over an available ISDN
port.
• -,%) ,& : You can select the required ISDN port under Specific Ports.
Specific Ports
366
Only if Selected Ports = -,%) , can you use Add to
select further ports.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
16.3.2 Options
In this menu, you can make general settings of the global PPTP profile.
Fig. 127: VPN -> PPTP -> Options
The menu, VPN -> PPTP -> Options consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Global Options menu
Field
GRE Window Adaption
Description
Select whether the GRE Window Adaptation is to be enabled.
This adaptation only becomes necessary if you have downloaded service pack 1 from the Microsoft Windows XP page and
installed it. Since, in SP 1, Microsoft has changed the confirmation algorithm in the GRE protocol, the automatic window adaptation for GRE must be turned off on the funkwerk side.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
GRE Window Size
Enter the maximum number of GRE packets that can be sent
without confirmation.
Windows XP uses a higher initial reception window in the GRE,
which is why the maximum send window size on the funkwerk
side must be adjusted here via the value, GRE Window Size.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
367
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
16.4 GRE
Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) is a network protocol that encapsulates other protocols and transports them in the form of IP tunnels to the specified recipients.
The specification of the GRE protocol is available in two versions:
• GRE V.1 for use in PPTP connections (RFC 2637, configuration in the PPTP menu)
• GRE V.0 (RFC 2784) for general encapsulation using GRE
In this menu you can configure a virtual interface for using GRE V.0. The data traffic routed
over this interface is then encapsulated using GRE and sent to the specified recipient.
16.4.1 GRE Tunnels
In the VPN -> GRE -> GRE Tunnels menu, a list of all configured GRE tunnels is shown.
16.4.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new GRE tunnels.
Fig. 128: VPN -> GRE -> GRE Tunnels
368
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The VPN -> GRE -> GRE Tunnels menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the GRE Tunnels Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter a description for the GRE tunnel.
Local GRE IP Address
Enter the source IP address of the GRE packets to the GRE
partner.
If no IP address is given (this corresponds to IP address
0.0.0.0), the source IP address of the GRE packets is selected
automatically from one of the addresses of the interface via
which the GRE partner is reached.
Remote GRE IP Address
Default Route
Specify the destination IP address of the host or network to
which the packets are to be sent through the GRE tunnel.
If you enable the Default Route, all data is automatically routed
to one connection.
The function is disabled by default.
Local IP Address
Route Entries
Enter the IP address to be used as the source address for this
GRE connection.
Define other routing entries for this connection partner.
Add a new entry with Add.
• < 1&&: IP address of the destination host or
network.
• *&: Netmask of Remote IP Address. If no entry is
made, your device uses a default netmask.
• (%: The lower the value, the higher the priority of the
route (possible values ... ). The default value is .
MTU
Enter the maximum packet size (Maximum Transfer Unit, MTU)
in bytes that is allowed for the GRE connection between the
partners.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
Use key
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Enable the key input for the GRE connection, which makes it
369
16 VPN
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
possible to distinguish between several parallel GRE connections between two GRE partners (see RFC 1701).
The key is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Key Value
Only if Use key is enabled.
Enter the GRE connection key.
Possible values are to .'..
The default value is .
370
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
17 Firewall
Chapter 17 Firewall
The Stateful Inspection Firewall (SIF) provided for bintec gateways is a powerful security
feature.
The SIF with dynamic packet filtering has a decisive advantage over static packet filtering:
The decision whether or not to send a packet cannot be made solely on the basis of source
and destination addresses or ports but also using dynamic packet filtering based on the
state of the connection to a partner.
This means packets that belong to an already active connection can also be forwarded.
The SIF also accepts packets that belong to an "affiliated connection". The negotiation of
an FTP connection takes place over port 21, for example, but the actual data exchange can
take place over a completely different port.
SIF and other security features
bintec’s Stateful Inspection Firewall fits into the existing security architecture of bintec
device very well due to its simple configuration. The configuration work for the SIF is comparatively straightforward with systems like Network Address Translation (NAT) and IP Access Lists (IPAL).
As SIF, NAT and IPAL are active in the system simultaneously, attention must be given to
possible interaction: If any packet is rejected by one of the security instances, this is done
immediately. This is irrelevant whether another instance would accept it or not. Your need
for security features should therefore be accurately analysed.
The essential difference between SIF and NAT/IPAL is that the rules for the SIF are generally applied globally, i.e. not restricted to one interface.
In principle, the same filter criteria are applied to the data traffic as those used in NAT and
IPAL:
• Source and destination address of the packet (with an associated netmask)
• Service (preconfigured, e.g. Echo, FTP, HTTP)
• Protocol
• Port number(s)
To illustrate the differences in packet filtering, a list of the individual security instances and
their method of operation is given below:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
371
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
NAT
One of the basic functions of NAT is the translation of the local IP addresses of your LAN
into the global IP addresses you are assigned by your ISP and vice versa. All connections
initiated externally are first blocked, i.e. every packet your device cannot assign to an existing connection is rejected. This means that a connection can only be set up from inside to
outside. Without explicit permission, NAT rejects every access from the WAN to the LAN.
IP Access Lists
Here packets are permitted or rejected exclusively on the basis of the criteria listed above,
i.e. the state of the connection is not considered (except where Services = %,).
SIF
The SIF sorts out all packets that are not explicitly or implicitly allowed. The result can be a
"deny", in which case no error message is sent to the sender of the rejected packet, or a
"reject", where the sender is informed of the packet rejection.
The incoming packets are processed as follows:
• The SIF first checks if an incoming packet can be assigned to an existing connection. If
so, it is forwarded. If the packet cannot be assigned to an existing connection, a check is
made to see if a suitable connection is expected (e.g. as affiliated connection of an existing connection). If so, the packet is also accepted.
• If the packet cannot be assigned to any existing or expected connection, the SIF filter
rules are applied: If a deny rule matches the packet, the packet is rejected without sending an error message to the sender of the packet; if a reject rule matches, the packet is
rejected and an ICMP Host Unreachable message sent to the sender of the packet. The
packet is only forwarded if an accept rule matches.
• All packets without matching rules are rejected without sending an error message to the
sender when all the existing rules have been checked (=default behaviour).
17.1 Policies
372
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
17.1.1 Filter Rules
The default behavior with Action = 1%%&& consists of two implicit filter rules: If an incoming packet can be assigned to an existing connection and if a suitable connection is expected (e.g. such as an affiliated connection of an existing connection), the packet is allowed.
The sequence of filter rules in the list is relevant: The filter rules are applied to each packet
in succession until a rule matches. If overlapping occurs, i.e. more than one filter rule
matches a packet, only the first rule is executed. This means that if the first rule denies a
packet, whereas a later rule allows it, the packet is rejected. A deny rule also has no effect
if a relevant packet has previously been allowed by another filter rule.
In the Firewall -> Policies -> Filter Rules menu, a list of all configured filter rules is
shown.
Fig. 129: Firewall -> Policies -> Filter Rules
You can use the
button to insert another policy above the list entry. The configuration
menu for creating a new policy opens.
You can use the
button to move the list entry. A dialog box opens, in which you can se-
lect the position to which the policy is to be moved.
Moreover, the overview provides the option to show the firewall rules of the underlying settings made in the System Management -> Administrative Access -> Access menu. To
do this, enable the Show administrative access rules option.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
373
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
17.1.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new parameters.
Fig. 130: Firewall -> Policies -> Filter Rules -> New
The Firewall -> Policies -> Filter Rules -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Policies Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Source
Select one of the preconfigured aliases for the source of the
packet.
The list includes all WAN-/LAN interfaces, interface groups (see
Firewall -> Interfaces -> Groups), addresses (see Firewall ->
Addresses -> Address List) and address groups (see Firewall
-> Addresses -> Groups) for selection.
The value 1*I means that neither the source interface nor the
source address is checked.
Destination
374
Select one of the preconfigured aliases for the destination of the
packet.
The list includes all WAN-/LAN interfaces, interface groups (see
Firewall -> Interfaces -> Groups), addresses (see Firewall ->
Addresses -> Address List) and address groups (see Firewall
-> Addresses -> Groups) for selection.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The value 1) means that neither the destination interface nor
the destination address is checked.
Service
Select one of the preconfigured services to which the packet to
be filtered must be assigned.
The extensive range of services configured ex works includes
the following:
• 7+
• +4*+
• -(+
• 3*• 8++
• **+
• • *$
Other services are set up in Firewall -> Services -> Service
List.
In addition, the service groups configured in Firewall -> Services -> Groups can be selected.
Action
Select the action to be applied to a filtered packet.
Possible values:
• 1%%&& (default value): The packets are forwarded on the
basis of the entries.
• 3) : The packets are rejected.
• <J% : The packets are rejected. An error message is issued to the sender of the packet.
Apply QoS
Only for Action = 1%%&&
Select whether you want to enable QoS for this policy with the
priority selected in Data Traffic Priority
The function is activated with #/.
The option is deactivated by default.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
375
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
If QoS is not activated for this policy, bear in mind that the data
cannot be prioritised on the sender side either.
A policy for which QoS has been enabled is also set for the firewall. Make sure therefore that data traffic that has not been expressly authorised if blocked by the firewall!
Traffic Priority
Only for Apply QoS = #/
Select the priority with which the data specified by the policy is
handled on the send side.
Possible values:
• * (default value): No priority.
• 4 4%): Low Latency Transmission (LTT), i.e. handling of data with the lowest possible latency, e.g. suitable for
VoIP data.
• 8$
• (
• 4
17.1.2 QoS
More and more applications need increasingly larger bandwidths, which are not always
available. Quality of Service (QoS) makes it possible to distribute the available bandwidths
effectively and intelligently. Certain applications can be given preference and bandwidth reserved for them.
In the Firewall -> Policies -> QoS menu, a list of all QoS rules is shown.
17.1.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new QoS rules.
376
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 131: Firewall -> Policies -> QoS -> New
The Firewall -> Policies -> QoS -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the QoS Configure QoS Interface menu
Field
Description
Interface
Select the interface on which bandwidth management is to be
carried out.
Traffic Shaping
Select whether you want to activate bandwidth management for
the selected interface.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Specify bandwidth
Only for Traffic Shaping = #/.
Enter the maximum available bandwidth in kbps for the selected
interface.
Filter Rules
This field contains a list of all configured firewall policies for
which QoS was enabled (Apply QoS = #/). The following options are available for each list entry:
• Use: Select whether this entry should be assigned to the QoS
interface. The option is deactivated by default.
• Bandwidth: Enter the maximum available bandwidth in Bps
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
377
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
for the service specified under Services. is entered by default.
• Fixed: Select whether the bandwidth defined in Bandwidth
can be exceeded in the longer term. By activating this field,
you specify that it cannot be exceeded. If the option is deactivated, the bandwidth can be exceeded and the excess data
rate is handled in accordance with the priority defined in the
firewall policy. The option is deactivated by default.
17.1.3 Options
In this menu, you can disable or enable the firewall and can log its activities. In addition,
you can define after how many seconds of inactivity a session shall be ended.
Fig. 132: Firewall -> Policies -> Options
The Firewall -> Policies -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Global Firewall Options menu
Field
Description
Firewall Status
Enable or disable the firewall function.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
378
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Logged Actions
Select the firewall syslog level.
The messages are output together with messages from other
subsystems.
Possible values:
• 1// (default value): All firewall activities are displayed.
• 3) : Only reject and deny events are shown, see "Action".
• 1%%, : Only accept events are shown.
• *: Syslog messages are not generated.
Fields in the Options Session Timer menu
Field
Description
UDP Inactivity
Enter the inactivity time after which a UDP session is to be regarded as expired (in seconds).
Possible values are ' to .
The default value is .
TCP Inactivity
Enter the inactivity time after which a TCP session is to be regarded as expired (in seconds).
Possible values are ' to .
The default value is '.
PPTP Inactivity
Enter the inactivity time after which a PPTP session is to be regarded as expired (in seconds).
Possible values are ' to .
The default value is .
Other Inactivity
Enter the inactivity time after which a session of another type is
to be regarded as expired (in seconds).
Possible values are ' to .
The default value is '.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
379
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
17.2 Interfaces
17.2.1 Groups
In the Firewall -> Interfaces -> Groups menu, a list of all configured interface groups is
shown.
You can group together the interfaces of your device. This makes it easier to configure firewall rules.
17.2.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new interface groups.
Fig. 133: Firewall -> Interfaces -> Groups -> New
The Firewall -> Interfaces -> Groups -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Groups Basic Parameters menu
380
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired description of the interface group.
Members
Select the members of the group from the available interfaces.
To do this, activate the field in the Members column.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
17.3 Addresses
17.3.1 Address List
In the Firewall -> Addresses -> Address List menu, a list of all configured addresses is
shown.
17.3.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new addresses.
Fig. 134: Firewall -> Addresses -> Address List -> New
The Firewall -> Addresses -> Address List -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Address List Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired description of the address.
Address Type
Select the type of address you want to specify.
Possible values:
• 1&& 9 -
# (default value): Enter an IP address
with subnet mask.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
381
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 1&& <$: Enter an IP address range with a start and
end address.
Address / Subnet
Only if Address Type = 1&& 9 -
#
Enter the IP address of the host or a network address and the
related netmask.
The default value is .
Address Range
Only if Address Type = 1&& <$
Enter the start and end IP address of the range.
17.3.2 Groups
In the Firewall -> Addresses -> Groups menu, a list of all configured address groups is
shown.
You can group together addresses. This makes it easier to configure firewall rules.
17.3.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new address groups.
Fig. 135: Firewall -> Addresses -> Groups -> New
382
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
The Firewall -> Addresses -> Groups-> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Groups Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired description of the address group.
Selection
Select the members of the group from the available Addresses.
To do this, enable the field in the Selection column.
17.4 Services
17.4.1 Service List
In the Firewall -> Services -> Service List menu, a list of all available services is shown.
17.4.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new services.
Fig. 136: Firewall -> Services -> Service List -> New
The Firewall -> Services -> Service List -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Service List Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
383
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Description
Enter an alias for the service you want to configure.
Protocol
Select the protocol on which the service is to be based. The
most important protocols are available for selection.
Destination Port Range
Only if Protocol = +6 , 539+6 or 53
In the first field, enter the destination port via which the service
is to run.
If a port number range is specified, in the second field enter the
last port of the port range. By default the field does not contain
an entry. If a value is displayed, this means that the previously
specified port number is verified. If a port range is to be
checked, enter the upper limit here.
Possible values are to '.
Source Port Range
Only if Protocol = +6 , 539+6 or 53
In the first field, enter the source port to be checked, if applicable.
If a port number range is specified, in the second field enter the
last port of the port range. By default the field does not contain
an entry. If a value is displayed, this means that the previously
specified port number is verified. If a port range is to be
checked, enter the upper limit here.
Possible values are to '.
Type
Only if Protocol = 6(
The Type field shows the class of ICMP messages, the Code
field specifies the type of message in greater detail.
Possible values:
• 1) (default value)
• % <,/)
• 3& 5%#/
• -
% D
%
• <%
384
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• %
• + ?%
• #/
• +&,
• +&, <,/)
• <F
&
• <,/)
• 1&& (& <F
&
• 1&& (& <,/)
Code
ICMP code options can only be selected if Type = 3&!
5%#/.
Possible values:
• 1) (default value)
• * 5%#/
• 8& 5%#/
• %/ 5%#/
• 5%#/
• 7$ *
• 6
% 3& * & 1!
&/) #
• 6
% 3& 8& & 1!
&/) #
17.4.2 Groups
In the Firewall -> Services -> Groups menu, a list of all configured service groups is
shown.
You can group together services. This makes it easier to configure firewall rules.
17.4.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new service groups.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
385
17 Firewall
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 137: Firewall -> Services ->Groups-> New
The Firewall -> Services-> Groups-> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Groups Basic Parameters menu
386
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired description of the service group.
Members
Select the members of the group from the available service aliases. To do this, activate the field in the Members column.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
18 VoIP
Chapter 18 VoIP
Voice over IP (VoIP) uses the IP protocol for voice and video transmission.
The main difference compared with conventional telephony is that the voice information is
not transmitted over a switched connection in a telephone network, but divided into data
packets by the Internet protocol and these packets are then passed to the destination over
undefined paths in a network. This technology uses the existing network infrastructure for
voice transmission and shares this with other communication services.
The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is used to establish, clear and control a communication session.
18.1 Application Level Gateway
To enable IP telephones to connect by SIP to a VoIP Provider your device has an Application Level Gateway (ALG), i.e. an appropriate proxy that implements the necessary NAPT
and firewall releases.
Note
The Application Level Gateway must always be used if NAT is enabled on the interface that makes the connection to the Internet.
18.1.1 SIP Proxies
Here you can view a list of application level gateway entries that have already been configured. These entries enable the ALG. Each entry defines a particular TCP or UDP destination port that is to be supervised by the ALG. In the ex works state, there are two entries
configured for the SIP Ports TCP 5060 and UDP 5060 in accordance with the IANA definition.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
387
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
18.1.1.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the Newbutton to create application
level gateway entries.
Fig. 138: VoIP -> Application Level Gateway -> SIP Proxies -> Edit/New
The VoIP -> Application Level Gateway -> SIP Proxies -> Edit/New menu, consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the SIP Proxies Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the application level gateway.
Administrative Status
Select whether the SIP proxy should be enabled or disabled.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Protocol
Select the protocol to be used.
Possible values: 53 (default value) or +6 .
Under Destination Port enter the port to be supervised by the
proxy.
or each destination port to which VoIP clients from the LAN can
connect, you must configure a proxy.
The ports can be provider-specific.
388
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Session Timeout
Enter the time in seconds for which a session stays up if no
data packets are sent or received.
This value must be greater than the SIP Expire Time of the connected SIP client (SIP telephone, terminal adapter etc.)
The default value is .
Low Latency Transmission
Specify whether a mechanism should be used to minimise the
transit time of VoIP data packets between two subscribers. This
guarantees good voice quality with high line load.
Note that low latency transmission only has to be enabled for
calls that are not established via the connections configured in
VoIP -> Media Gateway.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
18.1.2 SIP Endpoints
Shows the sessions that are currently being managed by ALG.
This includes static entries to make internal SIP servers/proxies (e.g. internal Asterisk server) accessible from the WAN (Internet) by NAPT. In addition, internal SIP clients without registration can be made accessible using a static entry. All active SIP sessions that have
been initiated from internal SIP terminals are recognised dynamically and listed here.
These are only displayed for monitoring and administration and cannot be edited.
Note
All automatically created entries that are not used for longer than 24 hours are automatically deleted from the table.
18.1.2.1 Edit/New
Choose the New button to add static entries for SIP terminals in the LAN that are to be accessible by terminals from the WAN across the NAPT barrier. Choose the
icon to edit
existing static entries.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
389
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Note
Entries created dynamically for active sessions cannot be edited. These entries can
only be removed resulting in the immediate termination of the corresponding SIP connection.
Fig. 139: VoIP -> Application Level Gateway -> SIP Endpoints -> Edit/New
The VoIP -> Application Level Gateway -> SIP Endpoints -> Edit/New menu, consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the SIP Endpoints Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Type of Endpoint
Select the role for the SIP endpoint in the LAN.
Possible values:
• 6/ (default value): The internal SIP endpoint is a SIP client (e.g. telephone).
• -: The internal SIP endpoint is a SIP server into which
the SIP endpoint can login externally.
Protocol
Select the protocol to be used for data transmission.
Possible values: 53 (default value) or +6 .
If a protocol has been automatically recognised, it should not be
changed.
390
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Internal IP Address
Specify the IP address for the internal SIP endpoint in the LAN.
Remote Port
Only for Type of Endpoint = 6/.
Enter the port of the removed SIP terminal (in the WAN).
Internal Port
Only for Type of Endpoint = -.
Enter the port for the internal SIP endpoint in the LAN.
External Port
Specify the port on the WAN site of the gateway that is used for
access through the NAPT barriers to a SIP endpoint in the LAN.
For clients, the external port is recognised automatically and
should not be changed.
18.2 Media Gateway
A media gateway serves as a translation instance between different telecommunications
networks, e.g between the plain old phone network and the next generation networks (IP
networks).
With the Funkwerk Media Gateway, a company equipped with an automatic PBX on a
wired telephone network can be connected to a SIP Trunking Service Provider on the Internet in order to use IP telephony.
The Funkwerk Media Gateway supports the binding of several SIP Provider Accounts. With
this gateway, you can set up extensions, create an extension number plan and configure
exchange functions and optimise voice data transmission for low bandwidth of the upload
connection.
Note
Your device must be fitted with a DSP module to be able to use the media gateway
functions. Information on building in the DSP module is provided in the installation instructions included with the module.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
391
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
18.2.1 Extension
Here you can configure the numbers of the terminal devices (=Extensions) connected to
the media gateway, i.e. the numbers of the SIP terminals and the numbers of the ISDN terminals, depending on the available interfaces.
In the VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Extensions menu, a list of all existing extensions is
shown. You can define for all extensions whether SIP connections are encrypted over TLS.
Fields in the list Extensions SIP over TLS
Field
Description
Local Certificate
Select a certificate that you want to use for the TLS connection.
Possible values:
• / (default value): Select this option if you want to
use the certificate built into the device.
• A6% B: Select the entered certificate under
System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List .
18.2.1.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Select the New button to create new exten-
sions.
392
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 140: VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Extensions -> Edit/New
The VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Extensions -> Edit/New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Extensions Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the extension.
Extension / User Name
ISDN terminals: Enter the subscriber number the extension.
SIP terminals: Enter the user name.
A maximum of 40 characters can be entered.
Interface Type
Select the interface type to be used.
The selection depends on the interfaces available.
Possible values:
• -: a SIP terminal device is used for the call.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
393
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• -3*: an ISDN terminal device is used for the call. Can only
be selected if ISDN interfaces configured with Euro ISDN
point-to-multipoint (NT mode) are available.
Select ISDN interface
Only for Interface Type = -3*.
Select an ISDN interface. The ISDN interfaces you can select
depends on the device used.
Registration
Only for Interface Type = -.
Specify whether the registration mechanism is to be used by
SIP REGISTER. Normally, every SIP client (user) sends its current position to a REGISTRAR server by means of a REGISTER message. This information about the user and his current address is held by the REGISTRAR server and queried by
other proxies to find the user.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Apart from this standard procedure, the relevant data can also
be sent to a particular IP address that is already known to the
correspondent. Registration and authentication are not then
needed and the Registration function is disabled. An example
of this method is Microsoft Exchange SIP.
Expire Time
Only if Registration is enabled.
Enter the time in seconds after which the current registration becomes invalid and a new registration request is therefore sent.
For clients, the external port is recognised automatically and
should not be changed.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is .
SIP Endpoint IP Address Only if Registration is disabled.
For configurations with no registration (e.g. connection to a Microsoft Exchange Communication Server) the connection can
be set up as a static host. This requires you to specify the static
394
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
IP address of the terminal.
Authentication ID
Only for Interface Type = -
Enter a name that is to be used for authentication.
A maximum of 20 characters can be entered.
The name given here must also be entered on the SIP telephone.
If you do not enter a name, the name in the Extension / User
Name field is used.
Password
Only for Interface Type = -
Enter a password here.
A maximum of 20 characters can be entered.
The password given here must also be entered on the SIP telephone.
Protocol
Select the protocol to be used for data transmission.
Possible values: 53 (default value), +6 or +4- .
If a protocol has been automatically recognised, it should not be
changed.
Port
Enter the number of the UDP, TCP or TLS port to be used for
the connection to the server or proxy.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is .
Fields in the Advanced Settings Codec Settings menu
Field
Description
Codec Proposal Sequence
Choose the order in which the codecs are offered for use by the
media gateway. If the first codec cannot be used, the second is
tried and so on.
Possible values:
• - (default value): the codec in the first position in
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
395
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
the menu will be used if possible.
• D
/): the codecs are sorted by quality. If possible, the
codec with the best quality is used.
• 4&: the codecs are sorted by required bandwidth. If possible, the codec with the lowest bandwidth requirement is
used.
• 8$&: the codecs are sorted by required bandwidth. If
possible, the codec with the highest bandwidth requirement is
used.
Sort Order
Select the codecs to be proposed for the connection. The codecs chosen here are proposed in a certain order depending on
the setting in the Codec Proposal Sequence field.
Possible values:
• . 4: ISDN codec with US law
• . 4: ISDN codec with EU law
• .: Compressed from 31 to 8 kbps; good voice quality
• .!: Compressed from 63 to 40 kbps
• .!': Compressed from 55 to 32 kbps
• .!: Compressed from 47 to 24 kbps
• .!: Compressed from 39 to 16 kbps
• 3+(7 @
#: DTMF Outband. First the system attempts to
use RFC 2833. If the remote terminal does not use this standard, SIP Info is used.
• +' 7?: Allows the transmission of fax messages over
data networks.
. 4, . 4 and . are enabled by default.
The codecs actually used are the intersect of the codecs
defined here and those signalled by the provider. For outgoing
calls, any remaining codecs are dropped from the list that would
require more than the available bandwidth.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Voice Quality Settings menu
396
Field
Description
Echo Cancellation
Select whether echo cancellation should be used.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Echo Cancellation is a technique to suppress echo feedback in
voice communication on full duplex lines.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Comfort Noise Generation (CNG)
Specify whether Comfort Noise Generation should be used.
For digital voice transmission, this function introduces a low
level of background noise to avoid the impression that, during
pauses at the other end, the connection is lost.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Packet Size
Specify how many milliseconds of voice an RTP data packet
should contain.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
18.2.2 SIP Accounts
If your want your device to connect to other SIP servers (e.g. servers of Internet SIP Service providers), you can configure the necessary entries here. In this case, the media gateway acts as a SIP client.
Furthermore, you can configure the entries for SIP trunking scenarios here. In this case,
the media gateway acts as a SIP server for other SIP servers. An example for this is the
connection of a SIP PBX (e.g. Asterisk) to the media gateway.
This means that not only all SIP provider accounts are configured here but also direct dialin PBXs connected with the media gateway.
Note
In no case should you use this menu to configure SIP extensions, i.e. for SIP clients or
PSTN clients such as SIP telephones, terminal adapters or ISDN telephones
SIP extensions can be configured in the VoIP ->Extensions menu.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
397
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
In the VoIP -> Media Gateway -> SIP Accounts menu, a list of all existing SIP accounts
(SIP client mode and SIP server mode) is shown.
18.2.2.1 Edit/New
Select the New button to create new SIP accounts. Choose the
icon to edit existing
entries. In this menu SIP accounts are configured in SIP client mode as well as in SIP server mode.
Fig. 141: VoIP -> Media Gateway -> SIP Accounts -> Edit/New
The VoIP ->Media Gateway ->SIP Accounts -> Edit/New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the SIP Accounts Basic Parameters menu
398
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the SIP account.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Administrative Status
Select whether the SIP account should be enabled or disabled.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Trunk Mode
Select whether and in which trunk mode the SIP account should
be operated.
Trunk mode (DDI, Direct Dial In) allows an incoming call to be
assigned correctly to a terminal (DDI). For an outgoing call, the
caller can be indicated to the called party.
The setting that you can use depends on the provider.
Possible values:
• @ (default value) Trunk mode is not used. The SIP account
has only one number.
• 6/: the media gateway is operated as DDI client. It is assigned a DDI.
• -: The media gateway is operated as a DDI server so
that DDI clients can connect.
• $!
: the media gateway is operated as DDI client, but
used as a trunk. This setting is used to connect a softwarebased IP PBX from Swyx.
Registrar
Only if Trunk Mode = @, 6/ and $!
Enter the IP address or domain name (FQDN) of the SIP registrar. The maximum number of characters is 40.
Entries with spaces are not allowed.
SIP Endpoint IP Address Only if Trunk Mode = - and Registration = 3&#/
Enter the IP address or domain name (FQDN) of the SIP proxy
server.
Outbound Proxy
Only if Trunk Mode = @, 6/ or $!
.
Enter the name or IP address of the SIP outbound proxy server.
A maximum of 32 characters can be entered.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
399
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Here you must make an entry only if, for all SIP sessions, the
communication is not to be direct but via a further proxy.
In SIP client mode: Enter a name or IP address only if this is explicitly specified by the provider.
Realm
Enter a new domain name or a new IP address for the SIP
proxy server.
If you do not make an entry, the entry in the Registrar field is
used.
In SIP client mode: Enter a name or IP address only if this is explicitly specified by the provider.
Protocol
Select the protocol to be used for data transport.
Possible values: 53 (default value) or +6 .
Enter the Port via which the data is to be transported.
The default value is .
In SIP client mode: The ports can be provider-specific.
User Name
In SIP client mode: Enter the username for authentication if your
VoIP provider has assigned one for you.
In SIP server mode: You must define the user name.
A maximum of 40 characters can be entered.
Authentication ID
Enter a name that is to be used for authentication with the outbound proxy.
If you do not enter a name, the name in the User Name field is
used.
In SIP client mode: Enter a name only if this is explicitly specified by the provider.
Password
In SIP client mode: The VoIP provider gives you a PIN or password for authentication. You must enter this value here.
In SIP server mode: Define a PIN or a password.
400
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
A maximum of 40 characters can be entered.
Registration
Specify whether the registration mechanism is to be used by
SIP REGISTER. Normally, every SIP client (user) sends its current position to a REGISTRAR server by means of a REGISTER message. This information about the user and his current address is held by the REGISTRAR server and queried by
other proxies to find the user.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Apart from this standard procedure, the relevant data can also
be sent to a particular IP address that is already known to the
correspondent. Registration and authentication are not then
needed and the Registration function is disabled. An example
of this method is Microsoft Exchange SIP.
Expire Time
Only if Registration is enabled.
Enter the time in seconds after which the current registration becomes invalid and a new registration request is therefore sent.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is .
In answer to a REGISTER request, a server can set another Expire Time which overwrites the setting here.
Fields in the SIP Accounts Trunk Settings menu
Field
Description
SIP Header Field(s) for
Caller Address
Only if Trunk Mode = 6/, - or $!
.
Select the position of the sender ID (e.g. subscriber number) in
the SIP header for outgoing calls. (For incoming calls, the subscriber number is taken automatically from the SIP header.)
Possible values:
• 3&#/ (default value): the sender ID is not sent.
• 3&,/) 5& *: the sender ID is placed in both
"Display" and "User" fields of the SIP header.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
401
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 3&,/) /): the sender ID is placed in the "Display" field
of the SIP header.
• 5& /): the sender ID is placed in the "User" field of the
SIP header.
• !: The so-called "p-preferred-identity" field is added to the SIP header and contains the sender ID.
• !1&&: The so-called "p-asserted-identity" field is added to the SIP header and contains the sender ID.
Subscriber Number
Only for Trunk Mode = -.
You can set a number that is added as a prefix for outgoing
calls to the sender's number and is removed from the destination number for incoming calls. This corresponds to the trunk
(exchange) number of an exchange.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Codec Settings menu
Field
Description
Codec Proposal Sequence
Choose the order in which the codecs are offered for use by the
media gateway. If the first codec cannot be used, the second is
tried and so on.
Possible values:
• - (default value): the codec in the first position in
the menu will be used if possible.
• D
/): the codecs are sorted by quality. If possible, the
codec with the best quality is used.
• 4 =: the codecs are sorted by required bandwidth. If possible, the codec with the lowest bandwidth requirement is used.
• 8$ =: the codecs are sorted by required bandwidth. If possible, the codec with the highest bandwidth requirement is used.
Sort Order
Select the codecs to be proposed for the connection. The codecs chosen here are proposed in a certain order depending on
the setting in the Codec Proposal Sequence field.
Possible values:
402
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• . 4: ISDN codec with US law
• . 4: ISDN codec with EU law
• .: Compressed from 31 to 8 kbps; good voice quality
• .!: Compressed from 63 to 40 kbps
• .!': Compressed from 55 to 32 kbps
• .!: Compressed from 47 to 24 kbps
• .!: Compressed from 39 to 16 kbps
• 3+(7 @
#: DTMF Outband. First the system attempts to
use RFC 2833. If the remote terminal does not use this standard, SIP Info is used.
• +' 7?: Allows the transmission of fax messages over
data networks.
. 4, . 4 and . are enabled by default.
The codecs actually used are the intersect of the codecs
defined here and those signalled by the provider. For outgoing
calls, any remaining codecs are dropped from the list that would
require more than the available bandwidth.
Fields in the Advanced Settings Voice Quality Settings menu
Field
Description
Echo Cancellation
Select whether echo cancellation should be used.
Echo Cancellation is a technique to suppress echo feedback in
voice communication on full duplex lines.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Comfort Noise Generation (CNG)
Specify whether Comfort Noise Generation should be used.
For digital voice transmission, this function introduces a low
level of background noise to avoid the impression that, during
pauses at the other end, the connection is lost.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
403
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Packet Size
Specify how many milliseconds of voice an RTP data packet
should contain.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
18.2.3 Call Routing
Here you can define the conditions for the routing of calls. Define a list with rules or rule
chains that are used to manipulate the indicated destination numbers.
In the VoIP -> Media Gateway ->Call Routing menu, a list of all existing entries is shown.
18.2.3.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Select the New button to create new entries.
Fig. 142: VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Call Routing -> Edit/New
The VoIP ->Media Gateway ->Call Routing -> Edit/New menu consists of the following
fields:
404
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the Call Routing Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the entry.
Administrative Status
Select whether the entry should be activated.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Type
Specify how calls are to be routed.
Possible values:
• ?/ (default value): For calls that are to be routed as
outgoing, external calls. This can be done using standard SIP
accounts or SIP trunking accounts in DDI client mode.
• +
: For calls forwarded by the media gateway to a PBX or
an ISDN TE connector or a SIP DDI client. For this, the following can be used: PRI interfaces in NT mode, BRI interfaces in
NT mode, SIP accounts in trunk mode (server mode).
• 3) : For calls that are not to be routed (to be blocked).
Calling Line
You can restrict the application of the entry to the line on which
the call comes in.
The selection depends on the interfaces available and on the
SIP accounts that have been created.
Possible values:
• ,A% ?B : restricts the routing entry to the
selected PRI interface.
• #A% ?B : restricts the routing entry to the
selected BRI interface.
• A- 1%%
B: restricts the routing entry to the selected
SIP account.
• 1): No restriction of the entry.
Calling Address
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
You can restrict the application of the entry to a particular caller.
To do this, you must specify the subscriber number exactly (no
wildcards).
405
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Called Address
Enter the called address to which the rule is to be applied.
To do this, enter an address numerically (e.g. a subscriber number) or alphanumerically (e.g. for a trunk) that is to be compared
with a dialled address.
The following wildcards can be used:
• * means that at the end of a character string any number of
characters may follow,
• ? is a placeholder for an arbitrary character.
If the configured address agrees with the signalled address, the
entry is used.
In the Routing Rules menu you can define rules to determine how the subscriber number
is manipulated before it is used for dialling.
Use Add to create entries.
Fields in the Call Routing Routing Rules menu (only if Type = External)
Field
Description
Priority
Enter a whole number starting with 1 in ascending order to
define the order of filter rules.
The rules are worked through in the order given in the list.
If a line or SIP account is not available, the next rule is automatically used.
Administrative Status
Select whether the rule should be activated.
The rule is activated with #/.
The rule is active by default.
Outbound Line
Choose the ISDN line (PRI, BRI) or SIP account used for the
outgoing call.
Called Address Translation
Enter how the subscriber number is manipulated before it is
used for dialling.
Notation: <a:b>, i.e. a is replaced by b. A number of rules can
be chained together using semicolons as separators, e.g.
406
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
<a:b>;<c:d>;<e:f>. After confirmation of entry, the rule chain is
automatically sorted by the "best match" method.
Numerical and alphanumerical values are permissible.
? is a placeholder for an arbitrary character.
Example 18.1. Example of a rule
• Rule: <:+49911>
• number dialled: 96731234
• manipulated number: +4991196731234
Fields in the Call Routing Routing Rules menu (only if Type = Trunk)
Field
Description
Trunk Line
Select the line to be used for the outgoing call.
Called Address Translation
Enter how the subscriber number is manipulated before it is
used for dialling.
Notation: <a:b>, i.e. a is replaced by b. A number of rules can
be chained together using semicolons as separators, e.g.
<a:b>;<c:d>;<e:f>. After confirmation of entry, the rule chain is
automatically sorted by the "best match" method.
Numerical and alphanumerical values are permissible.
? is a placeholder for an arbitrary character.
Example 18.2. Example of a rule
• Rule: <:+49911>
• number dialled: 96731234
• manipulated number: +4991196731234
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
407
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
18.2.4 CLID Translation
Here you define the processing of the calling party number for incoming calls. You can, for
example, add a prefix to a received call number in order to route corresponding outgoing
calls via a particular SIP account.
In the VoIP -> Media Gateway ->CLID Translation menu, a list of all existing entries is
shown on which the received number is edited.
18.2.4.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Select the New button to create entries for
CLID translation.
Fig. 143: VoIP -> Media Gateway -> CLID Translation -> Edit/New
The VoIP ->Media Gateway -> CLID Translation -> Edit/New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the CLID Translation Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the entry.
Calling Line
Select the ISDN line or SIP account from which the call comes.
The selection depends on the interfaces available and on the
SIP accounts that have been created.
Possible values:
408
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• ,A% ?B : Restricts the entry to the selected PRI interface.
• #A% ?B : Restricts the entry to the selected BRI interface.
• A- 1%%
B: restricts the entry to the selected SIP account.
• 1//: No restriction of the entry.
Called Line
Here you have the option of entering the destination line of the
call.
Possible values:
• ,A% ?B : Restricts the entry to the selected PRI interface.
• #A% ?B : Restricts the entry to the selected BRI interface.
• A- 1%%
B: restricts the entry to the selected SIP account.
• 1): No restriction of the entry.
Enter Called Line or Called Address.
If a value other than 1) is chosen, the Called Address should
not be used. If you set Called Line = 1) and Called Address
is not used, all calls on the Calling Line are processed.
Called Address
Here you have the option of entering the destination address of
the call.
Enter Called Line or Called Address. If the Called Address is
used, Called Line = 1) should be set.
Calling Address Transla- Enter the transformation rule applied to the call numbers.
tion
Notation: <a:b>, i.e. a is replaced by b. A number of rules can
be chained together using semicolons as separators, e.g.
<a:b>;<c:d>;<e:f>. After confirmation of entry, the rule chain is
automatically sorted by the "best match" method.
? is a placeholder for an arbitrary digit.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
409
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Example 18.3. Example of a rule
• Rule: <:+49911>
• number dialled: 96731234
• manipulated number: +4991196731234
18.2.5 Call Translation
You can create a list for the translation of subscriber numbers, i.e. this list associates internal and external numbers.
Note
Which number (called party number or calling party number) is translated depends on
the direction (incoming or outgoing) of the call in question. For incoming calls it is the
called party number, for outgoing calls the calling party number that is translated.
For example, the internal number 340 can be shown externally as 09119673900 or a call
from outside for the number 09119673200 can be routed internally to the number 340.
In the VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Call Translation menu, a list of all existing translations
is shown.
18.2.5.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Select the New button to create entries for call
translation.
410
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 144: VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Call Translation -> Edit/New
The VoIP ->Media Gateway ->Call Translation -> Edit/New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Call Translation Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the call translation.
Direction
Select the direction for the entry.
Possible values:
• = (default value): For incoming and outgoing calls
(bidirectional).
• %$ : For incoming calls.
• @
$$ : For outgoing calls.
Associated Line
Select the ISDN line or SIP account via which the calls are to be
routed.
Possible values:
• ,A% ?B : Restricts the call to the selected
PRI interface.
• #A% ?B : Restricts the call to the selected
BRI interface.
• A- 1%%
B: restricts the call to the selected SIP account.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
411
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Local Address
Enter the internal number (e.g. extension or PABX number). For
incoming calls, the signalled Called Party Number (corresponds
in the menu to the External Address field) is translated to the
Local Address. For outgoing calls, the signalled Calling Party
Number (corresponds in the menu to the Local Address field)
is translated to the External Address.
Numerical and alphanumerical characters are permissible.
K is a placeholder for an arbitrary digit.
Note Local Address and External Address must contain the
same number of wildcards.
External Address
Enter the external number (e.g. ISDN MSN or SIP account subscriber number). For incoming calls, the signalled Called Party
Number (corresponds in the menu to the External Address
field) is translated to the Local Address. For outgoing calls, the
signalled Calling Party Number (corresponds in the menu to the
Local Address field) is translated to the External Address.
The External Address is not shown if the field Associated
Line = A- 1%%
B. In this case, theUser Name of the selected SIP account is used as the External Address.
18.2.6 ISDN Trunks
The ISDN Trunks menu is only displayed if you device has at least two ISDN connections
in point-to-point mode (BRI or PRI), which are configured as TE (party line) or NT.
Note
Note that, for BRI connections, the connection mode (NT mode or TE mode) must be
set by jumper in the device.
In this menu, the ISDN party lines (bundles) are defined.
18.2.6.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Select the New button to create a new party
line.
412
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 145: VoIP -> Media Gateway -> ISDN Trunks
The VoIP ->Media Gateway -> ISDN Trunks menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the ISDN Trunks Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the party line.
The maximum number of characters is 40.
ISDN Mode
Select the mode in which the party line is to be operated.
Possible values:
• ?/ (default value): Point-to-Point TE connection
(telecom party line)
• +
Point-to-Point NT connection (for connection of a
PABX).
Members
Select the desired ISDN interfaces to be included with this party
line.
18.2.7 Options
In the VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Options menu, you can make global settings for the media gateway.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
413
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 146: VoIP -> Media Gateway -> Options
The VoIP ->Media Gateway -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Media Gateway Status
Select whether the media gateway function should be enabled.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Session Border Control- Specify how the media gateway should behave in conjunction
ler Mode
with a session border controller mode.
Possible values:
• 1
(default value) for all extensions that exactly agree with
an existing SIP account, the call routing is handled by the session border controller, i.e. all SIP messages configured for the
corresponding SIP account are forwarded to the session border controller. For all other extensions, the call routing is
handled by the media gateway in accordance with the entries
configured under Call Routing. Note that the call routing is
handled by the media gateway if the provider is not available
(backup).
• @: Call routing is handled exclusively by the media gateway
in accordance with the entries configured under Call Routing
and the local extensions. For calls that are to be routed via a
particular provider (SIP account), you must configure a cor-
414
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
responding call routing entry. Internal calls (from internal extension to internal extension) that are only to be routed internally do not require an additional call routing entry.
• A- +
B: Select a SIP trunk account configured under
VoIP -> Media Gateway -> SIP Accounts. In this case, the
call routing for all extensions is handled by the session border
controller, all SIP messages are forwarded to the session border controller. Note that the call routing is handled by the media gateway if the provider is not available (backup).
Note: Entries in Call Routing have priority ahead of the session
border controller configuration!
Media Stream Termination
Choose how RTP sessions are controlled by the system.
If the function is enabled, RTP sessions are terminated on the
media gateway, i.e. all RTP streams are controlled by the media
gateway and routed via the media gateway. The participating
terminal devices (e.g. SIP telephones) are not connected directly with one another. Note that, for VoIP to VoIP connections,
there is no code translation for different VoIP terminal codecs.
The codecs of media gateway and VoIP terminals must therefore agree.
If the function is disabled, RTP sessions are not terminated on
the media gateway, i.e. all RTP streams are routed by the media gateway without termination. The RTP data packets can be
routed in complex networks and thus also via other gateways.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Default Drop Extension
You can specify an extension to which incoming calls are forwarded if they cannot be assigned to an extension or connected
PABX.
Dial Latency
Enter the maximum delay time before the system assumes the
call number entered is complete and starts the SIP dialling process (sends the SIP INVITE message). This timeout is reset
each time that a button is pressed.
Possible values are to .
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
415
18 VoIP
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The default value is .
If you terminate the number entered with #, dialling is immediate.
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Speed Dialing
Define short sequences of numbers that can be dialled instead
of the entire number.
Click Add to configure new speeddial numbers.
Enter the desired speeddial number for the user, e.g. ' under
Shortcut.
Enter the subscriber number to be dialled in place of the speeddial number, e.g. .' under Replacement.
In the example above, if a user types in L', the device dials
.'.
If the user wishes to call extension , he types in L'.
The device dials .'.
A period at the end of the number indicates a complete number.
This is dialled immediately the period is recognised.
If you want to use a speeddial number from this list, you must dial * followed by the speeddial number.
416
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19 Local Services
Chapter 19 Local Services
This menu offers services for the following application areas:
• Name resolution (DNS)
• Locating of dynamic IP addresses using a DynDNS provider
• Configuration of gateway as a DHCP server (assignment of IP addresses)
• Access restriction on the Internet (web filter)
• Assignment of incoming and outgoing data and voice calls to authorised users (CAPI
server)
• Automation of tasks according to schedule (scheduling)
• Alive checks for hosts or interfaces, ping tests
• User LAN protection (theft protection)
• Realtime video/audio conferences (Messenger services, universal plug & play)
• Provision of public Internet accesses (hotspot).
19.1 DNS
Each device in a TCP/IP network is usually located by its IP address. Because host names
are often used in networks to reach different devices, it is necessary for the associated IP
address to be known. This task can be performed by a DNS server, which resolves the
host names into IP addresses. Alternatively, name resolution can also take place over the
HOSTS file, which is available on all PCs.
Your device offers the following options for name resolution:
• DNS Proxy, for forwarding DNS requests sent to your device to a suitable DNS server.
This also includes specific forwarding of defined domains (Forwarded Domains).
• DNS cache, for saving the positive and negative results of DNS requests.
• Static entries (static hosts), to manually define or prevent assignments of IP addresses to
names.
• DNS monitoring, for providing an overview of DNS requests on your device.
Global Name Server
The IP addresses of global name servers that are queried if your device is unable to answer requests itself or by forwarding entries are entered in Local Services -> DNS ->
Global Settings -> Basic Parameters.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
417
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
For local applications, the IP address of your device or the general loopback address
(127.0.0.1) can be entered as the global name server.
Your device can also receive the global name servers dynamically and transfer them dynamically if necessary.
Strategy for name resolution on your device
A DNS request is handled by your device as follows:
(1)
If possible, the request is answered directly from the static or dynamic cache with IP
address or negative response.
(2)
Otherwise, if a suitable forwarding entry exists, the relevant DNS server is asked, depending on the configuration of the Internet or dialin connections, if necessary by setting up a WAN connection at extra cost. If the DNS server can resolve the name, the
information is forwarded and a dynamic entry created in the cache.
(3)
Otherwise, if global name servers are entered, the Primary DNS Server then the Secondary DNS Server are asked. If the IP address of your device or the loopback address is entered for local applications, these are ignored here. If one of the DNS servers can resolve the name, the information is forwarded and a dynamic entry created in
the cache.
(4)
Otherwise, if a suitable Internet or dialin connection is selected as the standard interface, the relevant DNS server is asked, depending on the configuration of the Internet
or dialin connections, if necessary by setting up a WAN connection at extra cost. If
one of the DNS servers can resolve the name, the information is forwarded and a dynamic entry created in the cache.
(5)
Otherwise, if overwriting the addresses of the global name servers is allowed ( DNS
Server Configuration = 3)%), a connection is set up – in some cases at extra
cost – that is configured to enable DNS server addresses to be requested from DNS
servers (DNS Negotiation = #/), if this has not been attempted previously. If
name server negotiation is successful, these are entered as global name servers and
are therefore available for further requests.
(6)
Otherwise the initial request is answered with a server error.
If one of the DNS servers answers with . $ , the initial request is immediately answered accordingly and a corresponding negative entry is made in the DNS
cache of your device.
418
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.1.1 Global Settings
Fig. 147: Local Services -> DNS -> Global Settings
The menu Local Services -> DNS -> Global Settings consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Global Settings Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Domain Name
Enter the standard domain name of your device.
DNS Server Configuration
Select whether the addresses of the global name server on your
device can be overwritten by transferred name server addresses.
Possible values:
• 3)% (default value) The name server addresses can be
automatically overwritten.
• -%: The name server addresses are not overwritten.
DNS Server
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Only for DNS Server Configuration = -%
419
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Primary
Enter the IP address of the first and, if necessary, second global
DNS server.
Secondary
WINS Server
Primary
Enter the IP address of the first and, if necessary, alternative
global Windows Internet Name Server (=WINS) or NetBIOS
Name Server (=NBNS).
Secondary
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Positive Cache
Select whether the positive dynamic cache is to be activated,
i.e. successfully resolved names and IP addresses are to be
stored in the cache.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Negative Cache
Select whether the negative dynamic cache is to be activated,
i.e. whether queried names for which a DNS server has sent a
negative response are stored as negative entries in the cache.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Cache Size
Enter the maximum total number of static and dynamic entries.
Once this value is reached, the dynamic entry not requested for
the longest period of time is deleted when a new entry is added.
If the Cache Size is reduced by the user, dynamic entries are
deleted if necessary. Static entries are not deleted. Cache Size
cannot be set to smaller than the current number of static
entries.
Possible values: .. .
The default value is .
Maximum TTL for Posit-
420
Enter the value to which the TTL is to be set for a positive dy-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
ive Cache Entries
namic DNS entry in the cache if its TTL is or its TTL exceeds
the value for Maximum TTL for Positive Cache Entries .
The default value is .
Maximum TTL for Negative Cache Entries
Enter the value set to which the TTL is to be set in the case of a
negative dynamic entry in the cache.
The default value is .
Fallback interface to get
DNS server
Only if DNS Server Configuration = 3)%Select the interface to which a connection is set up for name server negotiation
if other name resolution attempts were not successful.
The default value is 1
% i.e. a one-time connection is
set up to the first suitable connection partner configured in the
system.
IP address to use for
DNS/WINS server assignment
As DHCP Server
Select which name server addresses are sent to the DHCP client if your device is used as DHCP server.
Possible values:
• *: No name server address is sent.
• @ 1&& (default value): The address of your
device is transferred as the name server address.
• /#/ 3*- -$: The addresses of the global name
servers entered on your device are sent.
As IPCP Server
Select which name server addresses are to be transmitted by
your device in the event of dynamic server name negotiation if
your device is used as the IPCP server for PPP connections.
Possible values:
• *: No name server address is sent.
• @ 1&&: The address of your device is transferred
as the name server address.
• /#/ 3*- -$ (default value): The addresses of the
global name servers entered on your device are sent.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
421
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.1.2 Static Hosts
In the Local Services -> DNS -> Static Hosts menu, a list of all configured static hosts is
shown.
19.1.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new static hosts.
Fig. 148: Local Services -> DNS -> Static Hosts -> New
The Local Services -> DNS -> Static Hosts -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Static Hosts Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
DNS Hostname
Enter the host name to which the IP Address defined in this
menu is to be assigned if a positive response is received to a
DNS request. If a negative response is received to a DNS request, no address is specified.
The entry can also start with the wildcard *, e.g. *.funkwerk.de.
422
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
If a name is entered without a dot, this is completed with
<Name>. after confirming with OK " " is added.
Entries with spaces are not allowed.
Response
In this entry, select the type of response to DNS requests.
Possible values:
• *$ : A DNS request for Name is answered with a
negative response.
• & (default value): A DNS request for Name is
answered with the associated IP address.
• *: A DNS request is ignored; no answer is given.
IP Address
Only if Response = &.
Enter the IP address assigned to Name.
TTL
Enter the the time for which the assignment of Name to IP Address is to be valid in seconds (only relevant if Response =
& ) that is transferred to requesting hosts.
The default value is (= 24 h).
19.1.3 Domain Forwarding
In the Local Services -> DNS -> Domain Forwarding menu, a list of all configured forwarding for defined domains is shown.
19.1.3.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new forwardings.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
423
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 149: Local Services -> DNS -> Domain Forwarding -> New
The Local Services -> DNS -> Domain Forwarding -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Domain Forwarding Forwarding Parameters menu
Field
Description
Forward
Select whether a host or domain is to be forwarded.
Possible values:
• 8& (default value)
• 3
Host
Only for Forward = 8&
Enter the name of the host to be forwarded.
The entry can also start with the wildcard *, e.g. *.funkwerk.com.
If a name is entered without a full stop, once you confirm with
OK " <Default Domain>. " " is added.
Domain
424
Only for Forward = 3
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enter the name of the domain to be forwarded.
The entry can also start with the wildcard *, e.g. *.funkwerk.com.
If a name is entered without a full stop, once you confirm with
OK " <Default Domain>. " " is added.
Forward to
Select the forwarding destination requests to the name defined
in Host or Domain.
Possible values:
• % (default setting) The request is forwarded to the
defined Interface.
• 3*- -: The request is forwarded to the defined DNS
server.
Interface
Only for Forward to = %
Select the interface via which the requests for the defined Domain are to be received and forwarded to the DNS server.
DNS Server
Only for Forward to = 3*- &
Enter the IP address of the primary and Secondary DNS Server.
19.1.4 Cache
In the Local Services -> DNS -> Cache menu, a list of all available cache entries is
shown.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
425
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 150: Local Services -> DNS -> Cache
You can select individual entries using the checkbox in the corresponding line, or select
them all using the Select All button.
A dynamic entry can be converted to a static entry by marking the entry and confirming with
Set to Static. This entry then disappears from the list and is included in the list in the Static Hosts menu. The TTL is transferred in this operation.
426
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.1.5 Statistics
Fig. 151: Local Services -> DNS -> Statistics
In the menu Local Services -> DNS -> Statistics, the following statistical values are
shown:
Fields in the Statistics DNS Statistics menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Received DNS Packets
Shows the number of received DNS packets addressed direct to
your device, including the response packets for forwarded requests.
Invalid DNS Packets
Shows the number of invalid DNS packets received and addressed direct to your device.
DNS Requests
Shows the number of valid DNS requests received and addressed direct to your device.
Cache Hits
Shows the number of requests that were answered with static or
dynamic entries from the cache.
Forwarded Requests
Shows the number of requests forwarded to other name servers.
427
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Cache Hitrate (%)
Displays the number of Cache Hits per DNS Request in %.
Successfully Answered
Queries
Shows the number of successfully answered requests (positive
and negative).
Server Failures
Shows the number of requests that were not answered by any
name server (either positively or negatively).
19.2 HTTPS
You can operate the user interface of your device from any PC with an up-to-date Web
browser via an HTTPS connection.
HTTPS (HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure) is the procedure used to establish an encrypted and authenticated connection by SSL between the browser used for configuration
and the device.
19.2.1 HTTPS server
In the Local Services -> HTTPS -> HTTPS Server menu you configure the parameters of
the secure configuration connection over HTTPS.
428
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 152: Local Services -> HTTPS -> HTTPS Server
The Local Services -> HTTPS -> HTTPS Server menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the HTTPS Server HTTPS Parameters menu
Field
Description
HTTPS TCP Port
Enter the port via which the HTTPS connection is to be established.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is '.
Local Certificate
Select a certificate that you want to use for the HTTPS connection.
Possible values:
• / (default value): Select this option if you want to
use the certificate built into the device.
• A6% B: Select the entered certificate under
System Management -> Certificates -> Certificate List .
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
429
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.3 DynDNS Client
The use of dynamic IP addresses has the disadvantage that a host in the network can no
longer be found once its IP address has changed. DynDNS ensures that your device can
still be reached after a change to the IP address.
The following configuration steps are necessary:
• Registration of a host name at a DynDNS provider
• Configuration of your device
Registration
The registration of a host name means that you define an individual user name for the
DynDNS service, e.g. )M%/. The service providers offer various domain names for
this, so that a unique host name results for your device , e.g.
)M%/,%. The DynDNS provider relieves you of the task of answering all DNS requests concerning the host )M%/,% with the dynamic
IP address of your device.
To ensure that the provider always knows the current IP address of your device, your
device contacts the provider when setting up a new connection and propagates its present
IP address.
19.3.1 DynDNS Update
In the Local Services -> DynDNS Client -> DynDNS Update menu, a list of all configured
DynDNS registrations is shown that are to be updated.
19.3.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up further DynDNS registrations to be updated.
430
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 153: Local Services -> DynDNS Client -> DynDNS Update -> New
The Local Services -> DynDNS Client -> DynDNS Update -> New menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the DynDNS Update Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Host Name
Enter the complete host name as registered with the DynDNS
provider.
Interface
Select the WAN interface whose IP address is to be propagated
over the DynDNS service (e.g. the interface of the Internet Service Provider).
User Name
Enter the user name as registered with the DynDNS provider.
Password
Enter the password as registered with the DynDNS provider.
Provider
Select the DynDNS provider with which the above data is registered.
A choice of DynDNS providers is already available in the unconfigured state and their protocols are supported.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
431
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Other DynDNS providers can be configured in the Local Services -> DynDNS Client-> DynDNS Providers menu.
The default value is 3)3*- .
Enable update
Select whether the DynDNS entry configured here is to be activated.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Mail Exchanger (MX)
Enter the full host name of a mail server to which e-mails are to
be forwarded if the host currently configured is not to receive
mail.
Ask your provider about this forwarding service and make sure
e-mails can be received from the host entered as MX.
Wildcard
Select whether the forwarding of all subdomains of the Host
Name are to be enabled for the current IP address of the Interface (advanced name resolution).
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
19.3.2 DynDNS Provider
In the Local Services -> DynDNS Client -> DynDNS Provider menu, a list of all configured DynDNS providers is shown.
19.3.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new DynDNS providers.
432
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 154: Local Services -> DynDNS Client -> DynDNS Provider -> New
The Local Services -> DynDNS Client -> DynDNS Provider -> New menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the DynDNS Provider Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Provider Name
Enter a name for this entry.
Server
Enter the host name or IP address of the server on which the
provider’s DynDNS service runs.
Update Path
Enter enter the path on the provider’s server that contains the
script for managing the IP address of your device.
Ask your provider for the path to be used.
Port
Enter the port at which your device is to reach your provider’s
server.
Ask your provider for the relevant port.
The default value is .
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
433
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Protocol
Select one of the protocols implemented.
Possible values:
• 3)3*- (default value)
• -% 3)3*• @3• 8*
• 3I*• 3!8+(4
• 3!+6
• 6
& 3)3*• &?
Update Interval
Enter the minimum time (in seconds) that your device must wait
before it is allowed to propagate its current IP address to the
DynDNS provider again.
The default value is ' seconds.
19.4 DHCP Server
You can configure your device as a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server.
Your device and each PC in your LAN requires its own IP address. One option for allocating IP addresses in your LAN is the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP). If you
configure your device as a DHCP server, the device automatically assigns IP addresses to
requesting PCs in the LAN from a predefined IP address pool. A PC sends out an ARP request and in turn receives its IP address assigned by your device. You therefore do not
need to allocate fixed IP addresses to PCs, which reduces the amount of configuration
work in your network. To do this, you set up a pool of IP addresses, from which your device
assigns IP addresses to hosts in the LAN for a defined period of time. A DHCP server also
transfers the addresses of the domain name server entered statically or by PPP negotiation
(DNS), NetBIOS name server (WINS) and default gateway.
19.4.1 DHCP Pool
To activate your device as a DHCP server, you must first define IP address pools from
which the IP addresses are distributed to the requesting clients.
434
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
In the Local Services -> DHCP Server -> DHCP Pool menu, a list of all configured IP address pools is shown.
In the list, for each entry, you have the possibility under Pool of enabling or disabling the
configured DHCP pools.
19.4.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new IP address pools. Choose the
icon to edit exist-
ing entries.
Fig. 155: Local Services -> DHCP Server -> DHCP Pool -> New
The Local Services -> DHCP Server -> DHCP Pool -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the DHCP Pool Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Interface
Select the interface over which the addresses defined in IP
Range are to be assigned to DHCP clients.
When a DHCP request is received over this Interface, one of
the addresses from the address pool is assigned.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
435
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
IP Address Range
Enter the first (first field) and last (second field) IP address of
the IP address pool.
Pool Usage
Specify whether the IP pool is used for DHCP requests in the
same subnet or for DHCP requests that have been forwarded to
your device from another subnet. In this case it is possible to
define IP addresses from another network.
Possible values:
• 4%/ (default value): The DHCP pool is only used for DHCP
requests in the same subnet.
• 4%/9</): The DHCP pool is used for DHCP requests in
the same subnet and from other subnets.
• </): The DHCP pool is only used for DHCP requests forwarded from other subnets.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Gateway
Select which IP address is to be transferred to the DHCP client
as gateway.
Possible values:
• * $) (default value): No IP address is sent.
• 5& & $): The IP address defined for the
Interface is transferred.
• -,%): Enter the corresponding IP address.
Lease Time
Enter the length of time (in minutes) for which an address from
the pool is to be assigned to a host.
After the Lease Time (Minutes) expires, the address can be reassigned by the server.
The default value is .
DHCP Options
Specify which additional data is forwarded to the DHCP client.
Possible values for Option:
436
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• + - (default value): Enter the IP address of the
time server to be sent to the client.
• 3*- -: Enter the IP address of the DNS server to be
sent to the client.
• 3*- 3 *: Enter the DNS domain to be sent to the
client.
• 0*-9*=*- -: Enter the IP address of the WINS/
NBNS server to be sent to the client.
• 0*-9*=+ * +),: Enter the type of the WINS/NBT
node to be sent to the client.
• +7+ -: Enter the IP address of the TFTP server to be
sent to the client.
Several entries are possible. Add new entries with the Add button.
19.4.2 IP/MAC Binding
In the Local Services -> DHCP Server -> IP/MAC Binding menu a list is shown of all clients that have received an IP address from your device via DHCP.
You can now allocate an IP address from a defined IP address pool to specific MAC addresses. You can do this by selecting the Static Binding option in the list to convert a list
entry as a fixed binding, or you manually create a fixed IP/MAC binding by configuring this
in the New sub-menu.
Note
You can only create new static IP/MAC bindings if IP address ranges have been configured in Local Services -> DHCP Server -> DHCP Pool.
19.4.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new IP/MAC bindings.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
437
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 156: Local Services -> DHCP Server -> IP/MAC Binding -> New
The Local Services -> DHCP Server ->DHCP Binding -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the IP/MAC Binding Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the name of the host to the MAC Address of which the IP
Address is to be bound.
A character string of up to 256 characters is possible.
438
IP Address
Enter the IP address to be assigned to the MAC Address specified in MAC Address.
MAC Address
Enter the MAC Address to which the IP address specified in IP
Address is to be assigned.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.4.3 DHCP Relay Settings
If your device for the local network does not distribute any IP addresses to the clients by
DHCP, it can still forward the DHCP requests on behalf of the local network to a remote
DHCP server. The DHCP server then assigns the your device an IP address from its pool,
which in turn sends this to the client in the local network.
Fig. 157: Local Services -> DHCP Server -> DHCP Relay Settings
The Local Services -> DHCP Server -> DHCP Relay Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the DHCP Relay Settings Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Primary DHCP Server
Enter the IP address of a server to which BootP or DHCP requests are to be forwarded.
Secondary DHCP Server
Enter the IP address of an alternative BootP or DHCP server.
439
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.5 Web Filter
In the Local Services -> Web Filter menu, you can configure a URL-based Web filter service, which accesses the Proventia Web Filter from the company Internet Security Systems
(www.iss.net) and checks how a requested Internet page is categorised by the Proventia
Web Filter. The action resulting from the classification is configured on your device.
19.5.1 Global Settings
This menu contains the configuration of basic parameters for using the Proventia Web Filter.
Fig. 158: Local Services -> Web Filter -> Global Settings
The menu Lokale Dienste -> Web Filter -> Global Settings consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Global Settings Web Filter Options menu
440
Field
Description
Web Filter Status
Activate or deactivate the filter.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Filtered Input Interface(s)
Select for which of the existing Ethernet interfaces web filtering
is to be activated.
Press the Add button to add more interfaces. The requests from
http Internet pages that reach your device via these interfaces
are then monitored by web filtering.
Maximum Number of
History Entries
Define the number of entries to be saved in the web filtering history (History menu).
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
URL Path Depth
Select the path length to which a URL is to be checked by the
Cobion Orange Filter.
Action if server not
reachable
Select which is to be done with URL requests if the web filtering
server cannot be reached.
Possible values:
• 1// // (default value): The download is permitted.
• =/% //: The download of the requested page is blocked.
• 4$ //: The download is permitted, but logged.
Action if license not registered
Select what is to be done with URL requests if the licence key
status is * ;/.
Possible values:
• 1// // (default value): The download is permitted.
• =/% //: The download of the requested page is blocked.
• 4$ //: The download is permitted, but logged.
The License Information menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Global Settings License Information menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
441
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Licence Key
Enter the number of your Proventia Web Filter licence. The preset code assigned by ISS designates the device type.
In the ex works state, you can activate a 30-day demo version
of the Proventia Web Filter. Click here on the link [Activate
30-day demo license]
Licence Status
Shows the result of the last validity check of the licence. The
validity of the licence is checked every 23 hours.
License valid until
This shows the expiry date of the licence (relative to the time set
on your device) and cannot be edited.
19.5.2 Filter List
In the Local Services -> Web Filter -> Filter List menu, configure which categories of Internet pages are to be handled and how.
You configure the relevant filters for this purpose. A list of filters already configured is displayed.
There are basically different approaches for configuring the filters:
• First a filter list can be created that only contains entries for those addresses that are to
be blocked. In this case it is necessary to make an entry at the end of the filter list that allows all accesses that do not match a filter. (Setting for this: Category = 3
/ =!
, Action = or 4$)
• If you only create entries for those addresses that are to be allowed or logged, it is not
necessary to change the default behaviour (= all other calls are blocked).
442
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.5.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new filters.
Fig. 159: Local Services -> Web Filter -> Filter List -> New
The Local Services -> Web Filter -> Filter List -> New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Filter List Filter Parameters menu
Field
Description
Category
Select which category of addresses/URLs the filter is to be used
on.
The options are first the standard categories of the Proventia
Web Filter (default value: 1)
& ?&). Actions can
also be defined for the following special cases, e.g.:
• 3
/ #
: This category applies to all Internet
addresses.
• @ 6$): Some addresses are already known to
the Proventia Web Filter, but not yet classified. The action associated with this category is used for such addresses.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
443
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 5 5<4: If an address is not known to the Proventia
Web Filter, the action associated with this category is used.
Day
Select the days on which the filter is to be active.
Possible settings:
• )) (default value): The filter is used every day of the
week.
• A0)B: The filter is used on a certain day of the week.
Only one day can be selected per filter; several filters must be
configured if several individual days are to be covered.
• ()!7): The filter is used from Monday to Friday.
The default value is 3/).
Schedule (Start / Stop
Time)
In from, enter from which time the the filter is to be activated.
The time is entered in the form hh:mm. Enter the time at which
the filter is to be deactivated after the to in the field. The time is
entered in the form hh:mm. The default value is 00:00 to 23:59.
Action
Select the action to be executed if the filter matches a call.
Possible values:
• =/% 4$ (default value): The call of the requested
page is prevented and logged.
• 1// 4$: The download is permitted, but logged.
The events log can be viewed in the Local Services -> Web
Filters -> Filter List menu.
• 1//: The call is allowed and not logged.
19.5.3 Black / White List
The menu Local Services -> Web Filter -> Black / White List contains a list of URLs and
IP addresses that can be downloaded even if they were blocked as a result of the filter configuration and classification in the Proventia Web Filter (no entries are contained in the default configuration).
444
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.5.3.1 Add
Use the Add button to add further URLs or IP addresses to the list.
Fig. 160: Local Services -> Web Filter -> Black / White List -> Add
The Local Services -> Web Filter -> Black / White List -> Add menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Black / White List menu
Field
Description
URL / IP Address
You enter a URL or IP address. The length of the entry is limited
to 60 characters.
Blacklisted
You can select whether a URL or IP address can always ( 0 4&) or never ( =/% 4&) be
downloaded.
Whitelisted
0/& is enabled by default.
Addresses listed in the White List are allowed automatically. It is
not necessary to configure a suitable filter.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
445
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.5.4 History
In the Local Services -> Web Filter -> History menu, you can view the recorded history of
the web filter. The history logs all requests that are marked for logging by a relevant filter
(Action = 4$), likewise all rejected requests.
Fig. 161: Local Services -> Web Filter -> History
19.6 CAPI Server
You can use the CAPI Server function to assign user names and passwords to users of the
CAPI applications on your device. This makes sure that only authorised users can receive
incoming calls and make outgoing calls via CAPI.
The CAPI service allows connection of incoming and outgoing data and voice calls to communications applications on hosts in the LAN that access the Remote CAPI interface of
your device. This enables, for example, hosts connected to your device to receive and
send faxes.
446
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19 Local Services
Note
In the ex works state, a user with the user name / and no password is always
entered for the CAPI subsystem. All calls to the CAPI are offered to all CAPI applications in the LAN.
Use the Settings menu to distribute incoming calls for the CAPI subsystem to defined
users with password. You should then delete the user / without password.
19.6.1 User
In the Local Services -> CAPI Server -> User menu, a list of all configured CAPI users is
shown.
19.6.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new CAPI users.
Fig. 162: Local Services -> CAPI Server -> User -> New
The Local Services -> CAPI Server -> User -> New menu consists of the following fields:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
447
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the User Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
User Name
Enter the user name for which access to the CAPI service is to
be allowed or denied.
Password
Enter the password with which the user User Name has to use
for identification purposes to gain access to the CAPI service.
Access
Select whether access to the CAPI service is to be permitted or
denied for the user.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
19.6.2 Options
Fig. 163: Local Services -> CAPI Server -> Options
The Local Services -> CAPI Server -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Basic Parameters menu
448
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enable server
Select whether your device is to be enabled as a CAPI server.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Faxheader
Select whether the fax header should be printed at the top of
outgoing faxes.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
CAPI Server TCP Port
The field can only be edited if Server Enable is enabled.
Enter the TCP port number for remote CAPI connections.
The default value is .
19.7 Scheduling
Your device has a event scheduler, which enables certain standard actions (activation or
deactivation of interfaces) to be carried out on a time-dependent basis.
Note
To run the event scheduler, the date configured on your device must be 1.1.2000 or
later.
19.7.1 Schedule
In the Local Services -> Scheduling -> Time Schedule menu, a list of all scheduled tasks
is shown.
19.7.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new tasks.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
449
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 164: Local Services -> Scheduling -> Time Schedule -> New
The Local Services -> Scheduling -> Time Schedule -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Time Schedule Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Description
Enter the desired name for the scheduled task.
Fields in the Time Schedule Action menu
Field
Description
Select action
Select the desired action.
Possible values:
• <# % (default value): Your device is rebooted.
• 1% % : The interface defined in the Select
interface field is activated.
• 3% % : The interface defined in the Select interface field is deactivated.
• 1% 041*: The WLAN interface defined in the Select
450
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
interface field is activated.
• 3% 041*: The WLAN interface defined in the Select interface field is deactivated.
• 8G 041* =&%: The wireless module
selected in Select Wireless Module is scanned in the 5-GHz
frequency band. During the scan, all wireless connections are
interrupted.
• +$$ & ,: A software update is initiated.
• +$$ %$
#%
,: The backup of the
device configuration to a TFTP server is initiated.
Select radio
Only if Select action = 8G 041* =&%
Select the wireless module to be used for the scan.
Select interface
Only if Select action = 1% % or 3%!
%
or if
Select action = 1% 041* or 3% 041*
Select which interface is to be activated or deactivated.
Source Location
Only if Select action = +$$ & ,
Select the desired source.
Possible values:
• 6
& 7
&: The latest
software will be downloaded from the Funkwerk server.
• 8++ &: The latest software will be downloaded from
an HTTP server that you define in 5, 5<4.
Update URL
Only if Select action = +$$ & , and
Source = 8++ -
Enter the name of the HTTP server from which you wish to
download a configuration file.
TFTP Server
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Only if Select action = +$$ %$
#%
,
451
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enter the IP address of the TFTP server to which you wish to
transfer a configuration file.
TFTP File Name
Only if Select action = +$$ %$
#%
,
Enter the name with which configuration file is to be transferred
to the TFTP server.
Fields in the Time Schedule Select time interval menu
Field
Description
Time Condition
First select the type of time entry in Condition Type.
Possible values:
• 0): In Condition Settings , select a weekday.
• & (default setting): In Condition Settings , select a
particular period.
• 3) (: In Condition Settings , select a particular
day of the month.
Possible values for Condition Settings with Condition Type =
0):
() (default value) ... -
).
Possible values for Condition Settings with Condition Type =
&:
• 3/): The initiator becomes active daily (default value).
• ()!7): The initiator becomes active daily from
Monday to Friday.
• ()!-
) : The initiator becomes active daily from
Monday to Saturday.
• -
) ! -
) : The initiator becomes active on Saturdays and Sundays.
Possible values for Condition Settings with Condition Type =
3) :
... '.
452
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Start Time
Enter the time from which the initiator is to be activated. Activation is carried on the next scheduling interval. the default value
of this interval is 55 seconds.
Stop Time
Not if Select Action = <# %
Enter the time from which the initiator is to be deactivated. Deactivation is carried on the next scheduling interval. If you do not
enter a Stop Time or set Stop Time = Start Time, the initiator
is activated and deactivated after 10 seconds.
19.7.2 Options
In the Local Services -> Scheduling -> Options menu, you configure the schedule interval.
Fig. 165: Local Services -> Scheduling -> Options
The Local Services -> Scheduling -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Scheduling Options menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
453
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Schedule Interval
Select whether the schedule interval is to be enabled for the interface.
Enter the interval in seconds during which the system checks
whether there are planned tasks.
Possible values are to '.
The value ' is recommended (5 minute accuracy). Values
lower than 60 are generally pointless and are an unnecessary
use of system resources.
The field is not activated by default.
19.8 Surveillance
In this menu, you can configure an automatic availability check for hosts or interfaces and
automatic ping tests.
Note
This function cannot be configured on your device for connections that are authenticated via a RADIUS server.
19.8.1 Hosts
In the Local Services -> Surveillance -> Hosts menu, a list of all monitored hosts is
shown.
19.8.1.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to set up new surveil-
lance tasks servers.
454
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 166: Local Services -> Surveillance -> Hosts -> New
The Local Services -> Surveillance -> Hosts-> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Hosts Host Parameters menu
Field
Description
Group ID
Select an ID for the group of hosts whose availability is to be
monitored by your device.
The group IDs are automatically created from to . If an
entry has not yet been created, a new group is created using
the * 3 option. If entries have been created, you can select
one from the list of created groups.
Each host to be monitored must be assigned to a group.
The action configured in Interface Action is only executed if no
other group member can be reached.
Fields in the Hosts Trigger menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Monitored IP Address
Enter the IP address of the host to be monitored.
455
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Source IP Address
Select how the IP address is to be determined that your device
uses as the source address of the packet sent to the host to be
monitored.
Possible values:
• 1
% (default value): The IP address is determined
automatically.
• -,%%: Enter the IP address in the adjacent input field.
Interval
Enter the time interval (in seconds) to be used for checking the
availability of hosts.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is .
The smallest Interval of the group members is used within a
group.
Trials
Enter the number of pings that must remain unanswered for the
host to be regarded as unavailable.
Possible values are to '.
The default value is '.
Controlled Interfaces
Select the interface(s) for which the action defined in Interface
Action is to be performed.
All physical and virtual interfaces can be selected.
For each interface, select whether each interface is to be activated ( #/) or deactivated ( 3&#/, default value), reset (
<&) or if the connection is to be re-established ( 3/
,
$).
19.8.2 Interfaces
In the Local Services -> Surveillance -> Interfaces menu, a list of all monitored Interfaces is shown.
456
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.8.2.1 Edit/New
Choose the
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to set up monitoring for
other interfaces.
Fig. 167: Local Services -> Surveillance -> Interfaces -> New
The Local Services -> Surveillance -> Interfaces -> New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Interfaces Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Monitored Interface
Select the interface on your device that is to be monitored.
Trigger
Select the state or state transition of Monitored Interfaces that
is to trigger a particular Interface Action.
Possible values:
• % $& , (default setting)
• % $& R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
457
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Interface Action
Select the action that is to follow the state or state transition
defined in Trigger.
The action is applied to the Interface(s) selected in Interface.
Possible values:
• #/ (default value): Activation of interface(s)
• 3&#/: Deactivation of interface(s)
Select the interface(s) for which the action defined in Interface
Action is to be performed.
Interface
All the physical and virtual interfaces and the options 1// %& and 1// -% %& can be selected.
19.8.3 Ping Generator
In the Local Services -> Surveillance -> Ping Generator menu, a list is shown of all
pings configured for automatic generation.
19.8.3.1 Edit/New
Choose the
458
icon to edit existing entries. Choose the New button to set up further pings.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 168: Local Services -> Surveillance -> Ping Generator -> New
The Local Services -> Surveillance ->Ping Generator -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Ping Generator Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Destination IP Address
Enter the IP address to which the ping is automatically sent.
Source IP Address
Enter the source IP address of the outgoing ICMP echo request
packets.
Possible values:
• 1
%: The IP address is determined automatically.
• -,%% (default value): Enter the IP address in the adjacent input field e.g. to test a particular extended route.
Interval
Enter the interval is seconds during which the ping is to be sent
to the target IPaddress specified in Target IP Address .
Possible values are to '.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
459
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The default value is .
19.9 ISDN Theft Protection
With the ISDN theft protection function, you can prevent a thief who has stolen a gateway
from gaining access to the gateway owner's LAN. (Without theft protection, he could dial into the LAN by ISDN if, under WAN-> Internet + Dialup -> ISDN -> , the field Always on
is enabled.)
19.9.1 Options
All interfaces for which the theft protection is enabled are administratively set to "down"
when the gateway boots.
The gateway then calls itself by ISDN and checks its location. If the configured ISDN call
numbers differ from the numbers dialled, the interfaces remain disabled.
If the numbers agree, the device assumes that it is at the original location and the interfaces are administratively set to "up".
To reduce cost, the function uses the ISDN D channel.
Note
Note that the ISDN theft protection function is not available for Ethernet interfaces.
460
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 169: Local Services -> ISDN Theft Protection -> Options
The menu Local Services -> ISDN Theft Protection -> Options consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Options Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
ISDN Theft Protection
Service
Enable or disable the ISDN theft protection function.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Dialling Number
Only if ISDN theft protection service is enabled.
Enter the subscriber number that the gateway dials to call itself.
Incoming Number
Only if ISDN theft protection service is enabled.
Enter the subscriber number to be compared with the current
calling party number.
Outgoing Number
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Only if ISDN theft protection service is enabled.
461
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enter the subscriber number to be set as calling party number.
Monitored Interfaces
Only if ISDN theft protection service is enabled.
Use Add to add a new interface to the list.
Select from the available interfaces those to which the ISDN
theft protection function is to be applied.
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Description
Number of Dialling Retries
Enter the number of dial attempts that the gateway is to make to
call itself by ISDN after a reboot.
Possible values are to .
The default value is '.
Timeout
Enter the time in seconds that the gateway is to wait before trying again after an unsuccessful attempt to call itself.
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
19.10 Funkwerk Discovery
19.10.1 Device Discovery
The funkwerk Discovery protocol is used to identify and configure bintec access points that
are in the same wired network as your device. Once an access point has been discovered,
certain basic parameters (node name, IP address, netmask, and device address) can be
configured on the access point (provided you know the administrator password).
Note
Any bintec access points that exist are determined by means of a multicast. The IP
address of the access point is therefore irrelevant.
Please note that the discovered bintec access points are not stored in the flash, which
462
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19 Local Services
means discovery must be repeated after you reboot your device.
In the Local Services -> Funkwerk Discovery -> Device Discovery menu, under Results a list is shown of all access points found on the network. In the Interface field, select
the interface of your device via which access point discovery is to be carried out. You use
the !1//! option to query all interfaces.
The current discovery status is displayed for each individual interface under Discovery
Status. * means that discovery is not active. 3&%) is displayed when discovery
is currently being carried out.
This discovery function also enables your device to be discovered and configured by other
access points with a discovery function. You configure this in the Options sub-menu.
19.10.1.1 Discover
Choose the Discover button to start bintec access point discovery.
Fig. 170: Local Services -> Funkwerk Discovery -> Device Discovery
If access points were discovered in the network, they are displayed in the list. You use the
button to go to the configuration menu for the access point.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
463
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 171: Local Services -> Funkwerk Discovery -> Device Discovery ->
The Local Services -> Funkwerk Discovery -> Device Discovery->
menu consists of
the following fields:
Fields in the Funkwerk Discovery Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Interface
The value of this field can only be read.
Shows the interface of your device on which discovery is carried
out.
MAC Address
The value of this field can only be read.
Shows the MAC Address of the discovered access point.
464
Node Name
You can change the name of the discovered access point.
IP Address
You can change the IP address of the discovered access point.
Netmask
You can change the related netmask.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Gateway
You can change the gateway address of the discovered access
point.
Authentication Password You must enter the administrator password for the access point,
otherwise you cannot carry out the configuration operation.
Last Write Result
The value of this field can only be read.
Displays the result of the last configuration operation.
Possible values:
• * : The access point reported a successful operation
or a configuration change has not yet been made with OK.
• * <&,&: The access point has not responded.
• 1%%&& 3: The access point reported an authorisation
error. Check the authentication password.
• / &: There is a problem with the intended IP parameters (IP address, netmask, or gateway address).
• 3& 5%#/: The access point cannot be
reached for internal reasons (e.g. the interface to which the
access point is connected is down). A configuration request
cannot be sent to the access point.
• @ 1 : The access point responds to the configuration request with an unexpected or non-specific error.
• / : An internal device problem prevented the
configuration option from being carried out.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
465
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.10.2 Options
In this menu, you can grant permission for your device to be discovered by other bintec
devices using the funkwerk Discovery protocol and to be configured by means of this.
Fig. 172: Local Services -> Funkwerk Discovery -> Options
The Local Services -> Funkwerk Discovery -> Options menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Options Discovery Server Options menu
Field
Description
Enable Discovery Server Select whether your device is to be discovered and configured
by other bintec devices in the network.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
466
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19 Local Services
19.11 UPnP
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) makes it possible to use current messenger services (e.g.
real time video/audio conferencing) as peer-to-peer communication where one of the peers
lies behind a NAT-enabled gateway.
UPnP enables (mostly) Windows-based operating systems to take control of other devices
with UPnP functionality on the local network. These include gateways, access points and
print servers. No special device drivers are needed as known common protocols are used,
such as TCP/IP, HTTP and XML.
Your gateway makes it possible to use the subsystem of the Internet Gateway Device
(IGD) from the UPnP function range.
In a network behind a NAT-enabled gateway, the UPnP-configured computers act as LAN
UPnP clients. To do this, the UPnP function on the PC must be enabled.
The pre-configured port used for UPnP communication between LAN UPnP clients and the
gateway is .. The LAN UPnP client acts as a so-called service control point, i.e. it recognizes and controls the UPnP devices on the network.
The ports assigned dynamically by, for example, MSN Messenger, lie in the range from
to '. The ports are released internally to the gateway on demand, i.e. when an
audio/video transfer is started in Messenger. When the application is closed, the ports are
immediately closed again.
The peer-to-peer-communication is initiated via public SIP servers with only the information
from the two clients being forwarded. The clients then communicate directly with one another.
For further information about UPnP, see www.upnp.org .
19.11.1 Interfaces
In this menu, you configure the UPnP settings individually for each interface of your gateway.
You can determine whether UPnP requests from clients are accepted by each interface (for
requests from the local network) and/or whether the interface can be controlled via UPnP
requests.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
467
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 173: Local Services -> UPnP -> Interfaces
The menu Local Services ->UPnP-> Interfaces consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Interfaces menu
Field
Description
Answer to client request Determine whether UPnP requests from clients are to be
answered via the particular interface (from the local network).
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
Interface is UPnP controlled
Determine whether the NAT Configuration of this interface is
controlled by UPnP.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
19.11.2 Global Settings
In this menu, you make the basic UPnP settings.
468
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 174: Local Services -> UPnP -> Global Settings
The menu Local Services -> UPnP -> Global Settings consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Global Settings
Field
Description
UPnP Status
Decide how the gateway processes UPnP requests from the
LAN.
The function is activated with #/. The gateway proceeds
with UPnP releases in accordance with the parameters contained in the request from the LAN UPnP client, independently
of the IP address of the requesting LAN UPnP client.
The function is disabled by default. The gateway rejects UPnP
requests, NAT releases are not made.
UPnP TCP Port
Enter the number of the port on which the gateway listens for
UPnP requests.
The possible values are to ', the default value is ..
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
469
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.12 Hotspot Gateway
The bintec HotSpot Solution allows provision of public Internet accesses (using WLAN or
wired Ethernet). The solution is adapted to setup of smaller and larger Hotspot solutions for
cafes, hotels, companies, communal residences, campgrounds, etc.
The bintec HotSpot Solution consists of a bintec gateway installed onsite (with its own
WLAN access point or additional connected WLAN device or wired LAN) and of the Hotspot server, centrally located at a computing centre. The operator account is administered
on the server via an administration terminal (e.g., a hotel reception PC); this includes functions such as registration entry, generating tickets, statistical analysis, etc.
Login sequence at the Hotspot server
• When a new user connects with the Hotspot, he/she is automatically assigned an IP address via DHCP.
• As soon as he attempts to access any Internet site with a browser, the user is redirected
to the home/login page.
• After the user has entered the registration data (user/password), these are sent to the
central RADIUS server (Hotspot server) as RADIUS registration.
• Following successful registration, the gateway opens Internet access.
• For each user, the gateway sends regular additional information to the RADIUS server
for recording accounting data.
• When the ticket expires, the user is automatically logged off and again redirected to the
home/login page.
Requirements
To operate a Hotspot, the customer requires:
• A bintec device as a Hotspot gateway with an active internet access and configured Hotspot server Entries for login and accounting (see menu System Management -> Remote Authentication -> RADIUS -> New with Group Description - ,
)
• bintec Hotspot hosting (article number 5510000198)
• Access data
• Documentation
• Software licensing
Please note that you must first activate the licence.
470
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
- Go to www.funkwerk-ec.com then Service/Support -> Services -> Online Services.
- Enter the required data (please note the relevant explanations on the license sheet),
and follow the instructions of the online licensing.
- You then receive the Hotspot server's login data.
Note
Activation may require 2-3 business days.
Access data for gateway configuration
RADIUS Server IP
62.245.165.180
RADIUS Server Password
Set by Funkwerk Enterprise Communications
GmbH
Domain
Individually set for customers by customer/dealer
Walled Garden Network
Individually set for customers by customer/dealer
Walled Garden Server URL
Individually set for customers by customer/dealer
Terms & Conditions URL
Individually set for customers by customer/dealer
Access data for configuration of the Hotspot server
Admin URL
https://hotspot.funkwerk-ec.com/
Username
Individually set by FEC
Password
Individually set by FEC
Note
Also refer to the WLAN Hotspot Workshop that is available to download from
www.funkwerk-ec.com .
19.12.1 Hotspot Gateway
In the Hotspot Gateway menu you can configure the bintec gateway installed onsite for
the bintec Hotspot Solution.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
471
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
In the Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Hotspot Gateway menu, a list of all configured hotspot networks is shown.
Fig. 175: Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Hotspot Gateway ->
You can use the Enabled option to enable or disable the corresponding entry.
19.12.1.1 Edit/New
In the Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Hotspot Gateway ->
menu, you config-
ure the Hotspot networks. Choose the New button to set up additional Hotspot networks.
472
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 176: Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Hotspot Gateway ->
The Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Hotspot Gateway ->
menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the Hotspot Gateway Basic Parameters menu
Field
Interface
Description
Choose the interface to which the Hotspot LAN or WLAN is connected. When operating over LAN, enter the Ethernet interface
here (e.g. en1-0). If operating over WLAN, the WLAN interface
to which the access point is connected must be selected.
Caution
For security reasons you cannot configure your device over
an interface that is configured for the Hotspot. Therefore
take care when selecting the interface you want to use for
the Hotspot.
If you select the interface over which the current configuration session is running, the current connection will be lost.
You must then log in again over a reachable interface that
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
473
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
is not configured for the Hotspot to configure your device.
Domain at the HotSpot
Server
Walled Garden
Enter the domain name that you used when setting up the HotSpot server for this customer. The domain name is required so
that the Hotspot server can distinguish between the different clients (customers).
Enable this function if you want to define a limited and free area
of websites (intranet).
The function is not activated by default.
Walled Network / Netmask
Only if Walled Garden is enabled.
Enter the network address of the Walled Network, the corresponding Netmask of the intranet server.
For the address range resulting from Walled Network / Netmasks, clients require no authentication.
Example: Enter 192.168.0.0 / 255.255.255.0, if all IP addresses
from 192.168.0.0 to 19.168.0.255 are free. Enter 192.168.0.1 /
255.255.255.255, if only the IP address 192.168.0.1 is free.
Walled Garden URL
Only if Walled Garden is enabled.
Enter the Walled Garden URL of the intranet server. Freely accessible websites must be reachable over this address.
Terms &amp; Conditions
Only if Walled Garden is enabled.
In the General Terms and Conditions input field enter the address of the general terms and conditions on the intranet server,
or public server, e.g., http://www.webserver.de/agb.htm. The
page must lie within the address range of the walled garden network.
Language for login window
Here you can choose the language for the start/login page.
The following languages are supported: $/&, 3
&%,
/, 7N&, &,O/and $
P& .
The language can be changed on the start/login page at any
474
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
time.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
Field
Ticket Type
Description
Select the ticket type.
Possible values:
• ;
%: Only the user name must be entered. Define a default password in the input field.
• 5&9&&(default value): User name and password must be entered.
Allowed HotSpot Client
Here you can define which type of users can log in to the Hotspot.
Possible values:
• 1//: All clients are approved.
• 386 6/: Prevents users who have not received an IP
address from DHCP from logging in.
19.12.1.2 Options
In the Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Options menu, you configure general settings for the Hotspot.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
475
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 177: Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Options
The Local Services -> Hotspot Gateway -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Host for multiple locations
If several locations (branches) are set up on the Hotspot server,
enter the value of the NAS identifier (RADIUS server parameter)
that has been registered for this location on the Hotspot server.
19.13 BRRP
In the BRRP menu you can configure the redundancy of your gateway.
Note
You require a licence for devices in the R23x series and RS series.
BRRP (Bintec Router Redundancy Protocol) is a Bintec-specific implementation of the
VRRP (Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol). A router redundancy procedure is used
mainly to safeguard the availability of a physical gateway in a LAN or WAN.
476
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Terms and Definitions
A number of special terms are used to describe the functionality. The following terms are
defined in the relevant RFC and in the Internet draft.
BRRP terms
Field
Description
VRRP router
“A router that uses the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol. It
can be integrated into one or more “virtual routers”.”
Virtual Router
IP Address Owner
Primary IP Address
VRRP Advertisement
Virtual Router Master
Virtual Router Backup
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
“An abstract object controlled by the VRRP, which is used as
default router for the hosts of a LAN. It comprises a Virtual
Router Identifier (ID of the virtual router) and an IP address or
a group of associated IP addresses in a common LAN. A VRRP
router can protect the data traffic of one or more virtual routers.”
“The VRRP router that possesses the IP address(es) of the virtual router as real interface address(es). This is the router that –
if active - answers packets for ICMP pings, TCP connections,
etc. to one of these IP addresses.”
“An IP address that is selected from the group of real interface
addresses. A possible algorithm option is the selection of the
first address. VRRP advertisements are always sent with the
primary IP address as source of the IP packet.”
A keepalive that sends the master to the backup gateway to indicate his reachability.
“The VRRP router that takes over forwarding the packets that
have been sent to the IP addresses associated with the “virtual
router”. It is also responsible for answering ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) requests for these IP addresses."
“The group of VRRP routers that take over responsibility for forwarding the packets if the master fails.” In backup status these
VRRP routers are inactive, i.e. they do not respond to any ARP
requests."
477
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19.13.1 Virtual Routers
When using a route redundancy protocol, multiple routers are combined into a logical unit.
The router redundancy protocol BRRP manages the routes involved and organises these
as follows:
It ensures that only one routers within the logical connection is active.
It guarantees that if the active route fails, another router takes over the function of the failed
device. The time that each router is active is determined by the priority assigned to the
router.
Let us take the example of a simple scenario, in which gateway A provides Internet access
for the hosts in a LAN. If this gateway fails, all hosts cannot access the Internet and their
routes are configured statically. To allow the hosts continued access to the Internet, gateway B offers all hosts in the LAN the service that gateway A previously performed. All the
tasks of a “virtual router” and the switching of services from one gateway to the other are
controlled by the BRRP redundancy procedure.
The BRRP conforms to the specifications in RFC 2338 and the relevant Internet draft. (You
will find the Internet drafts at http://www.ietf.org/1idabstracts.html.)
The configuration of the router redundancy procedure is carried out in the following steps:
• Configuration of the interface via which the BRRP advertisement data packets are sent.
Note
This interface is used to transmit the BRRP advertisement data packets and possibly
to transmit keepalive monitoring data packets. Another interface must be configured in
the next step to transmit the usage data.
The configuration of the advertisement interface is performed in the Local Services ->
BRRP -> Virtual Routers -> New -> Advertisement Interface menu.
Only the active router in the router group sends advertisement data packets. The IPv4
multicast address 224.0.0.18 is used as the destination address for all routers in the
group. All passive routers in the group must monitor this address so that if the advertisement data packets are not received that can react according to their priority and BRRP
configuration.
• Configuration of the interface for transmitting usage data (configuration of the virtual interface).
A virtual interface is activated and deactivated by assigning it to a virtual router over the
478
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
19 Local Services
BRRP router redundancy protocol.
The configuration is performed in the Local Services -> BRRP -> Virtual Routers ->
New -> BRRP Interface menu.
In this step, you configure the IP address settings and assign the interface to a virtual
router. The properties of the virtual router (e.g. the priority) are also defined here.
Note
The system automatically assigns the MAC Address of the virtual interface according
to the following model: 00:00:5E:00:01:<ID of the virtual router>. The ID of the virtual
router therefore determines the MAC Address of the interface, which is used to transmit the usage data.
The configuration of the virtual interface (MAC Address, IP address) and the configuration of the virtual router (priority, sending interval for advertisement, master down trials)
must be identical on all routers with the same virtual router ID within the logical group.
You must use different IP addresses for the advertisement interface and for the virtual
interface.
All virtual interfaces on a physical router should normally have the same priority.
• Configuration of the synchronisation between the virtual router and configuration of the
events, which result in a switching of the operating status of the virtual router.
Controlling the operating status of a virtual router implicitly also controls the operating
status of the interface to which the virtual router is linked. If an error occurs, all interfaces
on a device have to be deactivated. Consequently, the operating status of all interfaces
on a device must be synchronised. This synchronisation is required if multiple interfaces
are monitored on a single device. This configuration is performed in the Local Services > BRRP -> VR Synchronisation -> New menu.
• Switching on the redundancy procedure. This configuration is performed in the Local
Services -> BRRP -> Options menu.
You configure the advertisement interface and the virtual interface(s) in the Local Services
-> BRRP -> Virtual Routers -> New menu. You must configure the same virtual routers
with the same interfaces on all physical routers involved in the redundancy procedure.
(However, the virtual routers have different priorities on the various physical routers.)
19.13.1.1 New
Choose the Newbutton to configure other virtual routers.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
479
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 178: Local Services -> BRRP -> Virtual Routers -> New
The Local Services -> BRRP -> Virtual Routers -> New menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Virtual Routers BRRP Advertisement Interface menu
Field
Description
Ethernet Interface
Choose the interface via which BRRP advertisement packets
are sent and expected.
If you edit a Virtual Router , the Ethernet interface is displayed
and cannot be changed.
Note: The Ethernet interface for sending the advertisements is
always up and running and cannot therefore be used as the Virtual Router Interface.
IP Address
Shows the IP address(es) of the interface via which BRRP advertisement packets are sent and expected.
Fields in the Virtual Router BRRP Monitored Interface menu
480
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Virtual Router Interface
Virtual Router IP Address
Description
Indicates on which physical interface the virtual interface is
based, if a new virtual interface is created. The name of the virtual interface is assigned automatically when it is created.
Shows the name of the virtual interface, if a virtual interface that
has already been created is edited.
Enter the IP address and the netmask of the virtual router. Here
enter the IP address that you want to use in the local network as
the actual gateway IP address.
Note: The IP address for advertisements and the Virtual
Router IP Address must be different. These IP addresses can
originate from the same network (optional).
Virtual Router ID
Select the ID of the virtual router.
This ID identifies the “virtual router” in the LAN and is part of
every BRRP advertisement packet that is sent by the current
master.
Possible values are whole numbers between and .
Virtual Router Priority
Define the logical priority of the virtual router. Possible values
are between and . The higher the value, the higher the
priority. The value defines that this virtual router always
functions as master as soon as it is active.
The default value is .
The virtual router with the highest priority normally takes over
the master role. After a backup scenario, the further masterslave role casting is determined by the parameters Virtual
router priority and Pre-empt Mode (back to master status) .
In the Advanced Settings menu you must configure all of the parameters for all virtual
routers identically on all devices in the group. We recommend leaving the preset values.
The Advanced Settings menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Advanced Settings
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Advertisement send interval
Determine how often a BRRP advertisement packet is sent if
the virtual router is defined as master. Only the current master
sends via multicast BRRP advertisements, which also contain
481
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
the ID and the priority of the master.
Possible values are whole numbers between and . The
value is indicated in seconds and the default value is .
An advertisement timer based on the sending interval for advertisements runs in the router and an advertisement packet is
sent when the timer expires.
Master down trials
Define the number of BRRP advertisements that must fail before the backup router with the lowest priority assumes that the
master is inactive and takes over the role of master.
A master down timer based on the Master down trials runs in
the router; when this timer expires, the backup assumes that the
master is not reachable if no advertisement has been received.
The effective master down interval is the time calculated from
the number of expected but omitted BRRP advertisements, the
advertisement interval and the skew time, which adds a minimum period depending on the priority. The higher the priority, the
shorter the time added. Consequently, a backup router with a
higher priority responds more quickly than a router with lower
priority).
Possible values are whole numbers between and and the
default value is .
Pre-empt mode (back in- Define whether a backup router with higher priority has priority
to master status)
over a master router with low priority.
Pre-empt mode is used to prevent unnecessary switching. This
means: An active backup router with low priority does not give
up its role if the master router becomes reachable again.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Note the following exception: If Virtual Router Priority is
selected, the gateway with this priority takes over the master
role in all cases, i.e. the setting in Pre-empt Mode is not considered. You should therefore select a Virtual Router Priority
lower than if you wish to use pre-empt mode.
482
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enable authentication
Enable or disable authentication.
The function is activated with #/.
If the function is active, an input field is displayed. Enter the authentication key here.
Note: Note that the authentication key must be the same for all
virtual routers in the group.
The function is disabled by default.
19.13.2 VR Synchronisation
The watchdog daemon is configured in the Local Services -> BRRP -> VR Synchronisation menu, i.e. you define how state changes are handled.
A list of all synchronisations is displayed when opening the Local Services -> BRRP -> VR
Synchronisation menu. You can either synchronise virtual interfaces or interfaces. New
synchronisations can be added in the New menu.
For example, you can synchronise both virtual routers R1 and R2 over BRRP. To do this,
you must create two entries. For the first entry, you must use R1 as the MonitoringVR/Interface and R2 as the Synchronisation-VR/Interface. For the first second, you must
configure R2 as the Monitoring-VR/Interface and R1 as the SynchronisationVR/Interface.
19.13.2.1 New
Select the New button to create new synchronisations.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
483
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 179: Local Services -> BRRP -> VR Synchronisation -> New
The Local Services -> BRRP -> VR Synchronisation -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the VR-Synchronisation Monitoring VR/Interface menu
Field
Description
Monitoring Mode
Shows which mechanism is used for monitoring a virtual router.
Possible values:
• =<<: The BRRP-specific state advertisements are used for
determining the state of the master. (The master sends advertisements according to its configuration in the Local Services -> BRRP -> Virtual Router -> New -> Advanced Settings menu.)
Virtual Router ID
484
Select a virtual router using the Virtual Router ID and define
which interface is to be checked. You can choose previously
defined IDs (see Virtual Router ID in the Local Services ->
BRRP -> Virtual Routers -> New -> Monitored BRRP Interface menu). The watchdog daemon requests the detailed information entered in the Virtual Router.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fields in the VR-Synchronisation Synchronisation-VR/Interface menu
Field
Description
Synchronisation Mode
Indicates the mechanism with which virtual routers or interfaces
are synchronised:
Possible values:
• =<<: BRRP is used to synchronise the virtual router.
Virtual Router ID
Select the ID of the virtual router to be synchronised. Synchronising the virtual router implicitly synchronises the virtual interface associated with the virtual router.
19.13.3 Options
You can enable or disable the BRRP function in the Local Services -> BRRP -> Options
menu.
Fig. 180: Local Services -> BRRP -> Options
The Local Services -> BRRP -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Options Basic Parameters menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
485
19 Local Services
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Enable BRRP
Enable or disable the BRRP function.
The function is activated with #/.
The function is disabled by default.
486
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
20 Maintenance
Chapter 20 Maintenance
This menu provides you with numerous functions for maintaining your device. It firstly
provides a menu for testing availability within the network. You can manage your system
configuration files. If more recent system software is available, you can use this menu to install it. If you need other languages for the configuration interface, you can import these.
You can also trigger a system reboot in this menu.
20.1 Diagnostics
In the Maintenance -> Diagnostics menu, you can test the accessibility of individual
hosts, the resolution of domain names and certain routes.
20.1.1 Ping Test
Fig. 181: Maintenance -> Diagnostics -> Ping Test
You can use the ping test to check whether a certain host in the LAN or an internet address
can be reached. The Output field shows the ping test messages. The ping test is started
by entering the IP address to be tested in Test Ping Address and clicking on the Go button.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
487
20 Maintenance
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
20.1.2 DNS Test
Fig. 182: Maintenance -> Diagnostics -> DNS Test
The DNS test is used to check whether the domain name of a particular host is correctly resolved. The Output field shows the DNS test messages. The DNS test is started by entering the domain name to be tested in DNS Address and clicking on the Go button.
20.1.3 Traceroute Test
Fig. 183: Maintenance -> Diagnostics -> Traceroute Test
488
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
20 Maintenance
You use the traceroute test to display the route to a particular address (IP address or domain name), if this can be reached. The Output field shows the traceroute test messages.
The traceroute test is started by entering the address to be tested in Traceroute Address
and clicking on the Go button.
20.2 Software & Configuration
20.2.1 Options
You can use this menu to manage the software version of your device, your configuration
files and the language of the Funkwerk Configuration Interface .
Your device contains the version of the system software available at the time of production.
More recent versions may have since been released. You may therefore need to carry out
a software update.
Every new system software includes new features, better performance and any necessary
bugfixes from the previous version. You can find the current system software at
www.funkwerk-ec.com . The current documentation is also available here.
Important
If you want to update your software, make sure you consider the corresponding release notes. These describe the changes implemented in the new system software.
The result of an interrupted update (e.g. power failure during the update) could be that
your gateway no longer boots. Do not turn your device off during the update.
An update of BOOTmonitor and/or Logic is recommended in a few cases. In this case,
the release notes refer expressly to this fact. Only update BOOTmonitor or Logic if
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH explicitly recommends this.
Flash
Your device saves its configuration in configuration files in the flash EEPROM (Electrically
Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory). The data even remains stored in the flash
when your device is switched off.
RAM
The current configuration and all changes you set on your device during operation are
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
489
20 Maintenance
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
stored in the working memory (RAM). The contents of the RAM are lost if the device is
switched off. So if you modify your configuration and want to keep these changes for the
next time you start your device, you must save the modified configuration in the flash
memory before switching off: Save Configuration button in the Funkwerk Configuration
Interface navigation area. This configuration is then saved in the flash in a file with the
name #. When you start your device, the # configuration file is used by default.
Operations
The files in the flash memory can be copied, moved, erased and newly created. It is also
possible to transfer configuration files between your device and a host via HTTP.
Configuration file format
The file format of the configuration file allows encryption and ensures compatibility when
restoring the configuration on the gateway in various system software versions. This is a
CSV format, which can be read and modified easily. In addition, you can view the corresponding file clearly using Microsoft Excel for example. The administrator can store encrypted backup files for the configuration. When the configuration is sent by e-mail (e.g for support purposes) confidential configuration data can be protected fully if required. You can
save or import files with the actions "Export configuration", "Export configuration with state
information" and "Load configuration". If you want to save a configuration file with the action
""Export configuration" or "Export configuration with state information", you can choose
whether the configuration file is saved encrypted or without encryption.
Caution
If you have saved a configuration file in an old format via the SNMP shell with the %
command, there is no guarantee that it can be reloaded to the device. As a result, the
old format is no longer recommended.
490
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
20 Maintenance
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 184: Maintenance -> Software & Configuration -> Options
The Maintenance -> Software & Configuration -> Options menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the menu Options Currently installed Software
Field
Description
BOSS
Shows the current software version loaded on your device.
System Logic
SHDSL Logic
ADSL Logic
Shows the current system logic loaded on your device.
Shows the current version of the SHDSL logic loaded on your
device.
Shows the current version of the ADSL logic loaded on your
device.
Fields in the Options Software and Configuration Options menu
Field
Action
Description
Select the action you wish to execute.
After each task, a window is displayed showing the other steps
that are required.
Possible values:
• * 1% (default value):
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
491
20 Maintenance
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• , %$
: Under Filename select a configuration file you want to import. Note: Click Go to load the file
under the name # in the flash memory for the device.
You must restart the device to enable it.
Note: The files to be imported must be in CSV format!
• , /$
$: You can import other language versions
of the Funkwerk Configuration Interface into your device.
You can download the files to your PC from the download
area at www.funkwerk-ec.com and from there import them to
your device.
• 5, &)& &: you can start an update of the
system software, the ADSL logic and the BOOTmonitor.
• ?, %$
: The configuration file Current filename in flash memory is transferred to your local host. If
you click on the Go button, a dialog box is shown, in which
you can select the storage location on your PC and enter the
desired file name.
• ?, %$
& :
The active configuration from the RAM is transferred to your
local host. If you click on the Go button, a dialog box is
shown, in which you can select the storage location on your
PC and enter the desired file name.
• 6,): The configuration file in the Source File Name field is
saved as Destination file name.
• <: The configuration file in the Select file field is renamed as New Filename.
• 3/ %$
: The configuration file in the Select file field is deleted.
• 3/ /: The file in the Select file field is deleted.
Configuration Encryption
Only for Action = , %$
, ?, %!
$
, ?, %$
& !
. Define whether the data of the selected Action
are to be encrypted..
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
If the function is active, you can enter the Password in the text
492
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
20 Maintenance
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
field.
Filename
Source Location
Only for Action = , %$
, , /!
$
$, 5, &)& &. Enter the path and name
of the file or select the file with Browse... via the explorer/finder.
Only for Action = 5, &)& &
Select the source for the update.
Possible values:
• 4%/ 7/ (default value): The system software file is
stored locally on your PC.
• 8++ &: The file is stored on a remote server specified
in the URL.
• 6
& 7
&: The file is
on the official Funkwerk update server.
URL
Current File Name in
Flash
Include certificates and
keys
Only for Source = 8++ &
Enter the URL of the update server from which the system software file is loaded.
For Action = ?, %$
Choose the configuration file to be exported.
For Action = ?, %$
, ?, %$
!
& , select whether the selected Action is also to apply for certificates and keys.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is enabled by default.
Source File Name
Destination File Name
Select file
New File Name
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Only for Action = 6,)Select the source file to be copied.
Only for Action = 6,)Enter the name of the copy.
Only if Action = <, 3/ %$
or 3!
/ /Choose the file or configuration to be renamed or
deleted.
Only for Action = <Enter the new name of the configura-
493
20 Maintenance
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
tion file.
20.3 Reboot
20.3.1 System Reboot
In this menu, you can trigger an immediate reboot of your device. Once your system has
restarted, you must call the Funkwerk Configuration Interface again and log in.
Pay attention to the LEDs on your device. For information on the meaning of the LEDs, see
the Technical Data chapter of the manual.
Note
Before a reboot, make sure you confirm your configuration changes by clicking the
Save Configuration button, so that these are not lost when you reboot.
Fig. 185: Maintenance -> Reboot -> System Reboot
If you want to restart your device, click on the OK button. The device will reboot.
494
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
21 External Reporting
Chapter 21 External Reporting
In this system menu, you define what system protocol messages are saved on which computers, and whether the system administrator should receive an e-mail for certain events.
Information on IP data traffic can also be saved--depending on the individual interfaces. In
addition, SNMP traps can be sent to specific hosts in case of error. Moreover, you can prepare your device for monitoring with the activity monitor.
21.1 Syslog
Events in various subsystems of your device (e.g. PPP) are logged in the form of syslog
messages (system logging messages). The number of messages visible depends on the
level set (eight levels from $%) and to 3#
$).
In addition to the data logged internally on your device, all information can and should also
be passed to one or more external PCs for storage and processing, e.g. to the system administrator’s PC. The syslog messages saved internally on your device are lost when you
reboot.
Warning
Make sure you only pass syslog messages to a safe computer. Check the data regularly and ensure that there is always enough spare capacity available on the hard disk
of your PC.
Syslog Daemon
All Unix operating systems support the recording of syslog messages. For Windows PCs,
the Syslog Demon included in the DIME Tools can record the data and distribute to various
files depending on the contents (can be called in the download area at
www.funkwerk-ec.com ).
21.1.1 Syslog Servers
Configure your device as a syslog server so that defined system messages can be sent to
suitable hosts in the LAN.
In this menu, you define which messages are sent to which hosts and with which conditions.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
495
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
In the External Reporting -> System Log -> Syslog Servers menu, a list of all configured
system log servers is shown.
21.1.1.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new syslog servers.
Fig. 186: External Reporting -> Syslog -> Syslog Servers -> New
The External Reporting -> Syslog -> Syslog Servers -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the Syslog Servers Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
IP Address
Enter the IP address of the host to which syslog messages are
passed.
Level
Select the priority of the syslog messages that are to be sent to
the host.
Possible values:
• $%) (highest priority)
• 1/
• 6%/
• &
496
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• 0$
• *%
• (default value)
• 3#
$ (lowest priority)
Syslog messages are only sent to the host if they have a higher
or identical priority to that indicated, i.e. all messages generated
are recorded at syslog level 3#
$.
Facility
Enter the syslog facility on the host.
This is only required if the Log Host is a Unix computer.
Possible values: /%/ ! .
.
The default value is /%/.
Timestamp
Select the format of the time stamp in the syslog.
Possible values:
• * (default value): No system time indicated.
• + : System time without date.
• 3 H + : System time with date.
Protocol
Select the protocol for the transfer of syslog messages. Note
that the syslog server must support the protocol.
Possible values:
• 53 (default value)
• +6
Type of Messages
Select the message type.
Possible values:
• -)& H 1%%
$ (default value)
• -)&
• 1%%
$
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
497
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
21.2 IP Accounting
In modern networks, information about the type and number of data packets sent and received over the network connections is often collected for commercial reasons. This information is extremely important for Internet Service Providers that bill their customers by data
volume.
However, there are also non-commercial reasons for detailed network accounting. If, for
example, you manage a server that provides different kinds of network services, it is useful
for you to know how much data is generated by the individual services.
Your device contains the IP Accounting function, which enables you to collect a lot of useful
information about the IP network traffic (each individual IP session).
21.2.1 Interfaces
In this menu, you can configure the IP Accounting function individually for each interface.
Fig. 187: External Reporting -> IP Accounting -> Interfaces
In the External Reporting -> IP Accounting -> Interfaces menu, a list of all interfaces
configured on your device is shown. For each entry, you can activate IP Accounting by setting the checkmark. In the IP Accounting column, you do not need to click each entry individually. Using the options Select All and Disable All, you can enable or disable the IP accounting function for all interfaces simultaneously.
498
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
21.2.2 Options
In this menu, you configure general settings for IP Accounting.
Fig. 188: External Reporting -> IP Accounting -> Options
In the External Reporting -> IP Accounting -> Options menu you can set the Log
Format of the IP accounting messages. The messages can contain character strings in
any order, sequences separated by a slash, e.g. Q or Q or defined tags.
Possible format tags:
Format tags for IP accounting messages
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
%d
Date of the session start in the format DD.MM.YY
%t
Time of the session start in the format HH:MM:SS
%a
Duration of the session in seconds
%c
Protocol
%i
Source IP Address
%r
Source Port
%f
Source interface index
%I
Destination IP Address
%R
Destination Port
%F
Destination interface index
499
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
%p
Packets sent
%o
Octets sent
%P
Packets received
%O
Octets received
%s
Serial Number for accounting message
%%
%
By default, the following format instructions are entered in the Log Format field. *+:
RRRR%R:R9R !B R:R<9R7R,[email protected]&T
21.3 E-mail Alert
Depending on the configuration, E-mails are sent to the administrator as soon as relevant
syslog messages occur.
21.3.1 E-mail Alert Server
The E-mail Alert Server menu consists of the following fields:
Fig. 189: External Reporting -> E-mail Alert -> E-mail Alert Server
The External Reporting -> E-mail Alert -> E-mail Alert Server menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the E-mail Alert Server Basic Parameters menu
500
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Alert Service
Enable or disable the function.
Sender E-Mail Address
Enter the mail address to be entered in the sender field of the Email.
Maximum Messages per
Limit the number of outgoing mails per minute. Possible values
Minute
are to , the default value is .
Fields in the E-mail Alert Server SMTP Settings menu
Field
SMTP Server
Description
Enter the address (IP address or valid DNS name) of the mail
server to be used for sending the mails.
The entry is limited to 40 characters.
SMTP Authentication
Authentication expected by the SMTP server.
Possible values:
• * (default value): The server accepts and send emails
without further authentication.
• -(+: The server only accepts emails if the router is logged
in with the correct user name and password.
• -(+ @: The server requires that emails are called
via POP3 by the sending IP with the correct POP3 user name
and password before sending an email.
User Name
Only if SMTP Authentication = -(+ or -(+ @.
Enter the user name for the POP3 or SMTP server.
Password
Only if SMTP Authentication = -(+ or -(+ @.
Enter the password of this user.
POP3 Server
Only if SMTP Authentication = -(+ @.
Enter the address of the server from which the e-mails are to be
retrieved.
POP3 Timeout
Only if SMTP Authentication = -(+ @.
Enter how long the router must wait after the POP3 call before it
is forced to send the alert mail.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
501
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
The default value is seconds.
21.3.2 E-mail Alert Recipient
In the E-mail Alert Recipient menu, a list of syslog messages is displayed.
21.3.2.1 New
Choose the New button to create new e-mail alert receivers.
Fig. 190: External Reporting -> E-mail Alert -> E-mail Alert Recipient
The External Reporting -> E-mail Alert -> E-mail Alert Recipient menu consists of the
following fields:
Fields in the E-mail Alert Recipient Add / Edit E-mail Alert Recipient menu
Field
Description
Recipient
Enter the E-mail address of the recipient. The entry is limited to
40 characters.
Matching String
You must enter a "Matching String". This must occur in a syslog
message as a necessary condition for triggering an alert.
The entry is limited to 55 characters. Bear in mind that without
the use of wildcards (e.g. "*"), only those strings that correspond
exactly to the entry fulfil the condition. The "Matching String"
502
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
entered therefore usually contains wildcards. To be informed of
all syslog messages of the selected level, just enter "*".
Severity
Select the severity at which the string configured in the Matching String field must occur to trigger an E-mail alert.
Possible values:
$%) (default value), 1/, 6%/, , 0!
$, *%, , 3#
$
Message Timeout
Enter how long the router must wait after a relevant event before it is forced to send the alert mail.
Possible values are to . The value 0 disables the
timeout.
Number of Messages
Enter the number of syslog messages that must be reached before an E-mail can be sent for this case. If timeout is configured,
the mail is sent when this expires, even if the number of messages has not been reached.
Possible values are to ; the default value is .
Message Compression
Select whether the text in the alert E-mail is to be shortened.
The e-mail then contains the syslog message only once plus the
number of relevant events.
Enable or disable the field.
The function is enabled by default.
Fields in the E-mail Alert Receiver Monitored Subsystems menu
Field
Subsystem
Description
Select the subsystems to be monitored.
Add a new system with Add.
21.4 SNMP
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is a protocol from the IP protocol family for
transporting management information about network components.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
503
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Every SNMP management system contains an MIB. SNMP can be used to configure, control and administrate various network components from one system. Such an SNMP tool is
included on your device: the Configuration Manager. As SNMP is a standard protocol, you
can use any other SNMP managers, e.g. HPOpenView.
For more information on the SNMP versions, see the relevant RFCs and drafts:
• SNMP V. 1: RFC 1157
• SNMP V. 2c: RFC 1901 - 1908
• SNMP V. 3: RFC 3410 - 3418
21.4.1 SNMP Trap Options
In the event of errors, a message - known as a trap packet - is sent unrequested to monitor
the system.
In the External Reporting -> SNMP -> SNMP Trap Options menu, you can configure the
sending of traps.
Fig. 191: External Reporting -> SNMP -> SNMP Trap Options
The External Reporting -> SNMP -> SNMP Trap Options menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the SNMP Trap Options Basic Parameters menu
504
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
SNMP Trap Broadcasting
Select whether the transfer of SNMP traps is to be activated.
Your device then sends SNMP traps to the LAN's broadcast address.
The function is activated by choosing #/.
The function is disabled by default.
SNMP Trap UDP Port
Only if SNMP Trap Broadcasting is enabled.
Enter the number of the UDP port to which your device is to
send SNMP traps.
Any whole number is possible.
The default value is .
SNMP Trap Community
Only if SNMP Trap Broadcasting is enabled.
Enter a new SNMP code. This must be sent by the SNMP Manager with every SNMP request so that this is accepted by your
device.
A character string of between and characters is possible
here.
The default value is -*( +,.
21.4.2 SNMP Trap Hosts
In this menu, you specify the IP addresses to which your device is to send the SNMP traps.
In the External Reporting -> SNMP -> SNMP Trap Hosts menu, a list of all configured
SNMP trap hosts is shown.
21.4.2.1 New
Choose the New button to set up new SNMP trap hosts.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
505
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 192: External Reporting -> SNMP -> SNMP Trap Hosts -> New
The External Reporting -> SNMP -> SNMP Trap Hosts -> New menu consists of the following fields:
Fields in the SNMP Trap Hosts Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
IP Address
Enter the IP address of the SNMP trap host.
21.5 Activity Monitor
This menu contains the settings needed to monitor your device with the Windows tool
Activity Monitor (part of BRICKware for Windows).
Purpose
The Activity Monitor enables Windows users to monitor the activities of your device. Important information about the status of physical interfaces (e.g. ISDN line) and virtual interfaces is easily obtained with one tool. A permanent overview of the utilisation of your
device is possible.
Method of operation
A Status Daemon collects information about your device and transfers it as UDP packets to
the broadcast address of the first LAN interface (default setting) or to an explicitly entered
506
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
IP address. One packet is sent per time interval, which can be adjusted individually to values from 1 - 60 seconds. Up to 100 physical and virtual interfaces can be monitored,
provided the packet size of 4096 bytes is not exceeded. The Activity Monitor on your PC
receives the packets and can display the information contained in them in various ways according to the configuration.
Activate the Activity Monitor as follows:
• configure the relevant device(s) to be monitored.
• Start and configure the Windows application on your PC (you can download BRICKware
for Windows to your PC from the download area at www.funkwerk-ec.com and from
there import it to your device).
21.5.1 Options
Fig. 193: External Reporting -> Activity Monitor -> Options
The External Reporting -> Activity Monitor -> Options menu consists of the following
fields:
Fields in the Options Basic Parameters menu
Field
Description
Monitored Interfaces
Select the type of information to be sent in the UDP packets to
the Windows application.
Possible values:
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
507
21 External Reporting
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
• * (default value): Deactivates the sending of information
to the Activity Monitor.
• )&%/: Only information about the physical interfaces is
sent.
• )&%/901*9;*: Information about physical and virtual
interfaces is sent
Send information to
Select where your device sends the UDP packets.
Possible values:
• 1// 1&&& #%&" (default value): The default value means that the broadcast address of the first LAN interface is used.
• -$/ 8&: The UDP packets are sent to the IP address
entered in the adjacent input field.
Update Interval
Enter the update interval (in seconds).
Possible values are to .
The default value is .
UDP Destination Port
Enter the port number for the Windows application Activity
Monitor.
The default value is . (registered by IANA - Internet Assigned Numbers Authority).
Password
508
Enter the password for the Activity Monitor.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Chapter 22 Monitoring
This menu contains information that enable you to locate problems in your network and
monitor activities, e.g. at your device's WAN interface.
22.1 Internal Log
22.1.1 System Messages
In the Monitoring -> Internal Log -> System Messages menu, a list of all internally stored
system messages is shown. Above the table you will find the configured Maximum Number of Syslog Entries and the configured Maximum Message Level of Syslog Entries .
These values can be changed in the System Management -> Global Settings -> System
menu.
Fig. 194: Monitoring -> Internal Log -> System Messages
Values in the list System Messages
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
No.
Displays the serial number of the system message.
Date
Displays the date of the record.
Time
Displays the time of the record.
509
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Level
Displays the hierarchy level of the message.
Subsystem
Displays which subsystem of the device generated the message.
Message
Displays the message text.
22.2 IPSec
22.2.1 IPSec Tunnels
In the Monitoring -> IPSec -> IPSec Tunnel menu, a list of all configured IPSec peers is
shown.
Fig. 195: Monitoring -> IPSec -> IPSec Tunnel
Values in the list IPSec Tunnels
510
Field
Description
#
Displays the serial number of the IPSec tunnel.
Description
Displays the name of the IPSec tunnel.
Remote IP Address
Displays the IP address of the remote IPSec Peers.
Remote Networks
Displays the currently negotiated subnets of the remote terminal.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Security Algorithm
Displays the encryption algorithm of the IPSec tunnel.
Status
Displays the operating status of the IPSec tunnel.
Action
Enables you to change the status of the IPSec tunnel as displayed.
Details
Opens a detailed statistics window.
You change the status of the IPSec tunnel by pressing the
button or
button in the
Action column.
By pressing the
button, you display detailed statistics on the IPSec connection.
Fig. 196: Monitoring -> IPSec -> IPSec Tunnel ->
Values in the list IPSec Tunnels
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Description
Shows the description of the peer.
Local IP Address
Shows the WAN IP address of your device.
Destination IP Address
Shows the WAN IP address of the connection partner.
Local ID
Shows the ID of your device for this IPSec tunnel.
Remote ID
Shows the ID of the peer.
Negotiation Type
Shows the exchange type.
Authentication Method
Shows the authentication method.
511
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
MTU
Shows the current MTU (Maximum Transfer Unit).
Alive Check
Shows the method for checking that the peer is reachable.
NAT Detection
Displays the NAT detection method.
Local Port
Shows the local port.
Remote Port
Shows the remote port.
Packets
Shows the total number of incoming and outgoing packets.
Bytes
Shows the total number of incoming and outgoing bytes.
Errors
Shows the total number of errors.
IKE (Phase 1) SAs (x)
The parameters of the IKE (Phase 1) SAs are displayed here.
Role / Algorithm / Lifetime remaining / State
IPSec (Phase 2) SAs (x) Shows the parameters of the IPSec (Phase 2) SAs.
Role / Algorithm / Local /
Remote / Lifetime remaining / State
Messages
The system messages for this IPSec tunnel are displayed here.
22.2.2 IPSec Statistics
In the Monitoring -> IPSec -> IPSec Statistics menu, statistical values for all IPSec connections are shown.
512
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 197: Monitoring -> IPSec -> IPSec Statistics
The Monitoring -> IPSec -> IPSec Statistics menu consists of the following fields:
Field in the IPSec Statistics Licenses menu
Field
Description
IPSec Tunnels
Shows the IPSec licenses currently in use (In use) and the
maximum number of licenses usable (Maximum).
Field in the IPSec Statistics Peers menu
Field
Description
Status
Displays the number of IPSec tunnels by their current status.
• Active: Currently active IPSec tunnels.
• Enable: IPSec tunnels currently in the tunnel setup phase.
• Blocked: IPSec tunnels that are blocked.
• Dormant: Currently inactive IPSec tunnels.
• Configured: Configured IPSec tunnels.
Field in the IPSec Statistics SAs menu
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
IKE (Phase1)
Shows the number of active phase-1 SAs (Established) from
the total number of phase-1 SAs (Total).
IPSec (Phase2)
Shows the number of active phase-2 SAs (Established) from
513
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
the total number of phase-2 SAs (Total).
Field in the IPSec Statistics Packet Statistics menu
Field
Description
Total
Shows the number of all processed incoming (Incoming) or
outgoing (Outgoing) packets.
Passed
Shows the number of incoming (Incoming) or outgoing (Outgoing) packets forwarded in plain text.
Dropped
Shows the number of rejected incoming (Incoming) or outgoing
(Outgoing) packets.
Encrypted
Shows the number of IPSec protected incoming (Incoming) or
outgoing (Outgoing) packets.
Errors
Shows the number of incoming (Incoming) or outgoing (Outgoing) packets for which the processing led to errors.
22.3 ISDN/Modem
22.3.1 Current Calls
In the Monitoring -> ISDN/Modem -> Current Calls menu, a list of the existing ISDN connections (incoming and outgoing) is shown.
514
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 198: Monitoring -> ISDN/Modem -> Current Calls
Values in the list Current Calls
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
#
Displays the serial number of the ISDN connection entry.
Service
Displays the service to or from which the call is connected: ,
-6, C, @+-.
Remote Number
Displays the number that was dialled (in the case of outgoing
calls) or from which the call was made (in the case of incoming
calls).
Interface
Displays additional information for PPP connections.
Direction
Displays the send direction: %$, @
$$.
Charge
Displays the costs of the current connection.
Duration
Displays the duration of the current connection.
Stack
Displays the related ISDN port (STACK).
Channel
Displays the number of the ISDN B channel.
Status
Displays the state of the connection: //, %!,
/!&, %!,%, %!/, %!,&, %!%,
%!,%, ,, &%!F, &%!, &
&,!F, !
&
!F, /!%.
515
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
22.3.2 Call History
In the Monitoring -> ISDN/Modem -> Call History menu, a list of the last 20 ISDN connections (incoming and outgoing) made since the last system boot is shown.
Fig. 199: Monitoring -> ISDN/Modem -> Call History
Values in the list Call History
516
Field
Description
#
Displays the serial number of the ISDN connection.
Service
Displays the service to or from which the call was connected:
, -6, C, @+-.
Remote Number
Displays the number that was dialled (in the case of outgoing
calls) or from which the call was made (in the case of incoming
calls).
Interface
Displays additional information for PPP connections.
Direction
Displays the send direction: %$, @
$$.
Charge
Displays the costs of the connection.
Start Time
Displays the time at which the call was made or received.
Duration
Displays the duration of the connection.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
22.4 Interfaces
22.4.1 Statistics
In the Monitoring -> Interfaces -> Statistics menu, the current values and activities of all
device interfaces are shown.
Fig. 200: Monitoring -> Interfaces -> Statistics
You change the state of the interface by pressing the
column. Press the
button or
button in the Action
button to display the statistical data for the individual interfaces in de-
tail.
Values in the list Statistics
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
No.
Shows the serial number of the interface.
Description
Displays the name of the interface.
Type
Displays the interface text.
Tx Packets
Shows the total number of packets sent.
Tx Bytes
Displays the total number of octets sent.
Tx Errors
Shows the total number of errors sent.
Rx Packets
Shows the total number of packets received.
517
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Rx Bytes
Displays the total number of bytes received.
Rx Errors
Shows the total number of errors received.
Status
Shows the operating status of the selected interface.
Unchanged for
Shows the length of time for which the operating status of the
interface has not changed.
Action
Enables you to change the status of the interface as displayed.
22.5 WLAN
22.5.1 WLAN1
In the Monitoring -> WLAN -> WLAN1 menu, the current values and activities of the first
interface are shown.
Fig. 201: Monitoring -> WLAN -> WLAN1
Values in the list WLAN1
518
Field
Description
mbps
Displays the possible data rates on this wireless module.
Tx Packets
Shows the total number of packets sent for the data rate shown
in mbps.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Rx Packets
Shows the total number of packets received for the data rate
shown in mbps.
You can choose the Advanced button to go to an overview of more details.
Fig. 202: Monitoring -> WLAN -> WLAN1 -> Advanced
Values in the list Advanced
Field
Description
#
Displays the serial number of the list entry.
Description
Displays the description of the displayed value.
Value
Displays the statistical value.
Meaning of the list entries
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Description
Meaning
Unicast MSDUs transmitted successfully
Displays the number of MSDUs successfully sent to unicast addresses since the last reset. An acknowledgement was received
for each of these packets.
Multicast MSDUs transmitted successfully
Displays the number of MSDUs successfully sent to multicast
addresses (including the broadcast MAC Address).
Transmitted MPDUs
Displays the number of MPDUs received successfully.
Multicast MSDUs received successfully
Displays the number of successfully received MSDUs that were
sent with a multicast address.
519
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Description
Meaning
Unicast MPDUs received successfully
Displays the number of successfully received MSDUs that were
sent with a unicast address.
MSDUs that could not
be transmitted
Displays the number of MSDUs that could not be sent.
Frame transmissions
without ACK received
Displays the number of sent frames which which an acknowledgement frame was not received.
Duplicate received MSDUs
Displays the number of MSDUs received in duplicate.
CTS frames received in
response to an RTS
Displays the number of received CTS (clear to send) frames
that were received as a response to RTS (request to send).
Received MPDUs that
couldn't be decrypted
Displays the number of received MSDUs that could not be encrypted. One reason for this could be that a suitable key was
not entered.
RTS frames with no CTS Displays the number of RTS frames for which no CTS was rereceived
ceived.
Corrupt Frames Received
Displays the number of frames received incompletely or with errors.
22.5.2 VSS
In the Monitoring -> WLAN -> VSS menu, the current values and activities of the configured wireless networks are shown.
520
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Fig. 203: Monitoring -> WLAN -> VSS
Values in the list VSS
Field
Description
MAC Address
Shows the MAC Address of the associated client.
IP Address
Shows the IP address of the client.
Up Time
Shows the time in hours, minutes and seconds for which the client is logged in.
Tx Packets
Shows the total number of packets sent.
Rx Packets
Shows the total number of packets received.
Signal dBm
Shows the received signal strength in dBm.
Noise dBm
Shows the received noise strength in dBm.
Data Rate mbps
Shows the current transmission rate of data received by this client in mbps.
The following clock rates are possible: IEEE 802.11b: 11, 5.5, 2
and 1 mbps; IEEE 802.11g/a: 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 9, 6 mbps.
If the 5 GHz frequency band is used, the indication of 11, 5.5, 2
and 1 mbps is suppressed for IEEE 802.11b.
VSS - Details for Connected Clients
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
521
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
In the Monitoring -> WLAN -> VSS-><Connected client>->
menu, the current values
and activities of a connected client are shown.
Fig. 204: Monitoring -> WLAN -> VSS-><Connected client> ->
Values in the list VSS <Connected client>
Field
Description
Client MAC Address
Shows the MAC Address of the associated client.
IP Address
Shows the IP address of the client.
Up Time
Shows the time in hours, minutes and seconds for which the client is logged in.
Signal dBm
Shows the received signal strength in dBm.
Noise dBm
Shows the received noise strength in dBm.
SNR dB
Signal-to-Noise Ratio in dB is an indicator of the quality of the
wireless connection.
Values:
• > 25 dB excellent
• 15 - 25 dB good
• 2 - 15 dB borderline
• 0 - 2 dB bad.
Data Rate mbps
522
Shows the current transmission rate of data received by this cli-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
ent in mbps. The following clock rates are possible: IEEE
802.11b: 11, 5.5, 2 and 1 mbps; IEEE 802.11g/a: 54, 48, 36, 24,
18, 12, 9.6 mbps. If the 5-GHz frequency band is used, the indication of 11, 5.5, 2 and 1 mbps is suppressed for IEEE
802.11b.
Rate
Displays the possible data rates on this wireless module.
Tx Packets
Shows the number of sent packets for the data rate.
Rx Packets
Shows the number of received packets for the data rate.
22.5.3 WDS
In the Monitoring -> WLAN -> WDS menu, the current values and activities of the configured WDS links are shown.
Fig. 205: Monitoring -> WLAN -> WDS
Values in the list WDS
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
WDS Description
Shows the name of the WDS link.
Remote MAC
Shows the MAC Address of the WDS link partner.
Up Time
Shows the time in hours, minutes and seconds for which the
WDS link is active.
523
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Tx Packets
Shows the total number of packets sent.
Rx Packets
Shows the total number of packets received.
Signal dBm
Shows the received signal strength in dBm.
Noise dBm
Shows the received noise strength in dBm.
Data Rate mbps
Shows the current transmission rate of data received on this
WDS link in mbps.
If required, the Test link can be used to start a link test. The test is only available for funkwerk devices and only if the WDS link is active.
The link test provides all the data necessary for checking the quality of the WDS link. The
link test also helps you to align the antennas. This option is only displayed if the link state is
#/.
WDS Link Details
You use the
icon to open an overview of further details for the WDS links.
Fig. 206: Monitoring -> WLAN -> WDS->
Values in the list WDS
524
Field
Description
WDS Description
Shows the name of the WDS link.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Remote MAC
Shows the MAC Address of the WDS link partner.
Up Time
Shows the time in hours, minutes and seconds for which the
WDS link is active.
Tx Packets
Shows the total number of packets sent.
Rx Packets
Shows the total number of packets received.
Signal dBm
Shows the received signal strength in dBm.
Noise dBm
Shows the received noise strength in dBm.
Data Rate mbps
Rate
Shows the current transmission rate of data received on this
WDS link in mbps.
Shows separately, for each of the stated data rates, the values
for Tx Packets and Rx Packets.
22.5.4 Client Links
In the Monitoring -> WLAN -> Client Links menu, the current values and activities of the
client links are shown.
Fig. 207: Monitoring -> WLAN -> Client Links
Values in the Client Links list
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
Client Link Description
Shows the name of the client link.
525
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
AP MAC Address
Shows the MAC Address of the client link partner.
Up Time
Shows the time in hours, minutes and seconds for which the client link in question is active.
Tx Packets
Shows the total number of packets sent.
Rx Packets
Shows the total number of packets received.
Signal dBm
Shows the received signal strength in dBm.
Noise dBm
Shows the received noise strength in dBm.
Data Rate mbps
Shows the current transmission rate of data received on this client link in mbps.
Client Link Details
You can use the
icon to open a summary of further details of the client links.
Fig. 208: Monitoring -> WLAN -> Client Links->
Values in the Client Links list
526
Field
Description
AP MAC Address
Shows the MAC Address of the client link partner.
Up Time
Shows the time in hours, minutes and seconds for which the client link in question is active.
Signal dBm
Shows the received signal strength in dBm.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Field
Description
Noise dBm
Shows the received noise strength in dBm.
SNR dB
Shows the signal quality in dB.
Data Rate mbps
Shows the current transmission rate of data received on this client link in mbps.
Rate
Shows separately, for each of the stated data rates, the values
for Tx Packets and Rx Packets.
22.6 Bridges
22.6.1 br<x>
In the Monitoring -> Bridges -> br<x> menu, the current values of the configured bridges
are shown.
Fig. 209: Monitoring -> Bridge
Values in the br<x> list
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Field
Description
MAC Address
Shows the MAC addresses of the associated bridge.
Port
Shows the port on which the bridge is active.
527
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
22.6.2 sta<x>
In the Monitoring -> Bridges -> sta<x> menu, the current values of the bridges to the configured WLAN clients are shown.
Fig. 210: Monitoring -> Bridge
Values in the sta<x> list
Field
Description
Current Wildcard MAC
Address
Shows the current configured wildcard MAC Address.
IP Address
Shows the IP address of the host associated with this WLAN client link.
MAC Address
Shows the MAC Address of the host associated with this WLAN
client link.
Port
Shows the port on which the bridge is active.
22.7 Hotspot Gateway
528
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
22.7.1 Hotspot Gateway
In the Monitoring -> Hotspot Gateway -> Hotspot Gateway menu, a list of all connected
hosts is shown.
Fig. 211: Monitoring -> Hotspot Gateway -> Hotspot Gateway
Values in the list Hotspot Gateway
Field
Description
User Name
Displays the user's name.
IP Address
Shows the IP address of the user.
Physical Address
Shows the physical address of the user.
Logon
Shows the login time.
Interface
Shows the interface used.
22.8 QoS
In the Monitoring -> QoS menu, statistics are displayed for all interfaces for which QoS
has been configured.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
529
22 Monitoring
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
22.8.1 QoS
In the Monitoring -> QoS -> QoS menu, a list of all interfaces is shown for which QoS has
been configured.
Fig. 212: Monitoring -> QoS -> QoS
Values in the QoS list
530
Field
Description
Interface
Shows the interface for which QoS has been configured.
QoS Queue
Shows the QoS Queue, which has been configured for this interface.
Send
Shows the number of sent packets with the corresponding packet class.
Dropped
Shows the number of rejected packets with the corresponding
packet class in case of overloading.
Queued
Shows the number of waiting packets with the corresponding
packet class in case of overloading.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Glossary
Announcement
If you want to call your employees or family members to a meeting
or the dinner table, you could call each one of them individually or
simply use the announcement function. With just one call, you reach
all the announcement-enabled telephones without the subscribers
having to pick up the receiver.
Announcement func- Performance feature of a PBX. On suitable telephones (e.g. system
tion
telephones), announcements can be made as on an intercom.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Bit
Binary digit. Smallest unit of information in computer technology.
Signals are represented in the logical states "0" and "1".
Bundle
The external connections of larger PBXs can be grouped into
bundles. When an external call is initiated by the exchange code or
in the event of automatic external line access a bundle released for
this subscriber is used to establish the connection. If a subscriber
has authorisation for several bundles, the connection is established
using the first released bundle. If one bundle is occupied, the next
released bundle is used. If all the released bundles are occupied,
the subscriber hears the engaged tone.
Busy On Busy
Call to engaged team subscriber. If one subscriber in a team has
taken the receiver off the hook or is on the telephone, you can decide whether other calls are to be signalled for this team. The setting
for reaching a subscriber can be toggled between "Standard" and
"Busy On Busy". In the basic configuration, it is set to Standard. If
Busy on Busy is set for a team, other callers hear the engaged tone.
DECT
Digital European Cordless Telecommunication. European standard
for wireless telephones and wireless PBXs. Internal calls can be
made free of charge between several handheld units. Another advantage is the higher degree of interception protection (GAP).
Digital exchange
Allows computer-controlled crossbar switches to set up a connection
quickly, and special features such as inquiries, call waiting, threeparty conference and call forwarding to be activated. All T-Com exchanges have been digital since January 1998.
Digital voice transmission
As a result of the internationally standardised Pulse Code Modulation (PCM), analogue voice signals are converted to a digital pulse
flow of 64 kbps. Advantages: Better voice quality and less susceptibility to faults during analogue voice transmission.
531
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Direct Call
You are not at home. However, there is someone at home who
needs to be able to reach you quickly and easily by telephone if necessary (e.g. children or grandparents). As you can set up the Direct
Call function for one or more telephones, the receiver of the telephone simply needs to be lifted. After five seconds, the PBX automatically calls the defined direct call number, if you do not start dialling another number first. You can enter up to 12 destination numbers when you configure Direct Call. A direct call number can only
be used by one subscriber. If you want to change an entered direct
call number, you can simply enter the new direct call number without
having to delete the old direct call number. The old number is automatically overwritten when the new configuration is transferred to
the PBX.
DISA
Direct Inward System Access
Download
Data transfer during online connections, where files are "loaded"
from a PC or data network server to the user's own PC, PBX or terminal, so that they can be used there.
DSL and ISDN con- Data is transferred between the Internet and your PBX over ISDN or
nections
T-DSL. The PBX determines the remote terminal to which a data
packet is to be sent. For a connection to be selected and set up,
parameters must be defined for all the required connections. These
parameters are stored in lists which together permit the right connection to be set up. The PBX uses the PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) for ISDN access, and PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over
Ethernet) for access over T-DSL. The traffic on these two Internet
connections is monitored separately by the PBX.
532
DSL modem
Special modem for data transmission using DSL access technology.
DSL splitter
A DSL splitter is a device that splits the data or frequencies of various applications that run via a subscriber line or distribution point,
and provides this via separate connections.
Services
Euro ISDN contains service indicates with defined names. Some of
these have only historical meaning. In general, you should choose
the "Telephony" service for "real" telephone calls. If this selection
does not work (depends on network operator), you can try "speech",
"audio 3k1Hz" or "telephony 3k1Hz". The same applies for faxing.
Here, too, there is the collective term "Fax" plus a couple of more
specific cases. From a purely technical point of view, the services
are bits in a data word evaluated by means of a mask. If you include
several bits in the mask, all these services are approved for activation, while in the case of just one bit, it is just the one selected ser-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
vice.
Three-party confer- A three-way telephone call. Performance feature in T-Net, T-ISDN
ence
and your PBX.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
10 Base 2
Thin Ethernet connection. Network connection for 10-mbps networks with BNC connector. T-connectors are used for the connection of equipment with BNC sockets.
100Base-T
Twisted pair connection, Fast Ethernet. Network connection for
100-mbps networks.
10Base-T
Twisted pair connection. Network connection for 10-mbps networks
with RJ45 connector.
1TR6
D channel protocol used in the German ISDN. Today the more common protocol is DSS1.
3DES (Triple DES)
See DES.
802.11a/g
Specified data rates of 54, 48, 36, 24, 18, 12, 9 and 6 mbps and a
working frequency in the range of 5 GHz (for IEEE802.11a) or 2.4
GHz (for IEEE802.11g). IEEE802.11 g can be configured to run in
compliance with 11b or 11b and 11 as well.
802.11b/g
One of the IEEE standards for wireless network hardware. Products
that meet the same IEEE standard can communicate with each other, even if they come from different hardware manufacturers. The
IEEE802.11b standard specifies the data rates of 1, 2, 5.5 and 11
mbps, a working frequency in the range of 2.4 to 2.4835 GHz and
WEP encryption. IEEE802.11 wireless networks are also known as
Wi-Fi networks.
A-subscriber
The A-subscriber is the caller.
a/b interface
For connection of an analogue terminal. In the case of an ISDN terminal (terminal adapter) with a/b interface, the connected analogue
terminal is able to use the supported T-ISDN performance features.
AAA
Authentication, Authorisation, Accounting
Access code
PIN or password
Access list
A rule that defines a set of packets that should or should not be
transmitted by the device.
Access point
An active component of a network consisting of wireless parts and
533
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
optionally also of wired parts. Several WLAN clients (terminals) can
log in to an access point (AP) and communicate via the AP data. If
the optional wired Ethernet is connected, the signals between the
two physical media, the wireless interface and wired interface, are
bridged (bridging).
Access protection
Filters can be used to prevent external persons from accessing the
data on the computers in your LAN. These filters are a basic function of a firewall.
Accounting
Recording of connection data, e.g. date, time, connection duration,
charging information and number of data packets transferred.
Active probing
Active probing takes advantage of the fact that as standard, access
points are to respond to client requests. Clients therefore send
"probe requests" on all channels and wait for responses from an access point in the vicinity. The response packet then contains the
SSID of the wireless LAN and information on whether WEP encryption is used.
Ad hoc network
An ad hoc network refers to a number of computers that form an independent 802.11 WLAN each with a wireless adapter. Ad hoc networks work independently without an access point on a peer-to-peer
basis. Ad hoc mode is also known as IBSS mode (Independent Basic Service Set) and makes sense for the smallest networks, e.g. if
two notebooks are to be linked to each other without an access
point.
ADSL
Asymmetric digital subscriber line
AH
Authentication header
Alphanumeric display
Display unit e.g. for T-Concept PX722 system telephone, able to
display letters and other characters as well as digits.
Analogue connections
For the connection of analogue terminals such as telephone, fax
and answering machine.
Analogue terminals Terminals that transmit voice and other information analogously,
e.g. telephone, fax machine, answering machine and modem.
Analogue voice
transmission
To transmit voice via the telephone, acoustic oscillations are converted to continuous electrical signals, which are transmitted via a network of lines (digital voice transmission).
Answering machine You configure an analogue answering machine under "Terminal
Type".
534
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
AOC-D
Display during and at end of connection.
AOC-D/E
Advice of charge-during/end.
AOC-E
Display only at end of connection.
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
Assignment
An external call can be signalled to internal subscribers. The entries
in the "Day" option and "Night" option can be different.
Asynchronous
A method of data transmission in which the time intervals between
transmitted characters can vary in length. This allows computers
and peripheral devices to intercommunicate without being synchronised by clock signals. The beginning and end of the transmitted
characters must be marked by start and stop bits – in contrast to
synchronous transmission.
ATM
Asynchronous transfer mode
Attention tone
Superimposing of an acoustic signal during a telephone call e.g. for
call waiting.
Authentication
Check on the user's identify.
Authorisation
Based on the identity (authentication), the user can access certain
services and resources.
Automatic callback
Special feature on telephones: By pressing a key or code, the caller
requests a call back from the engaged terminal. If the subscriber
you want is not at their desk or cannot take the call, they are automatically connected with the caller as soon as they have used the
telephone again and replaced the receiver.
Automatic callback
on busy
This function can only be used on telephones that permit suffix dialling. An automatic callback from an inquiry connection is not possible.
Automatic callback
on busy (CCBS)
You urgently need to contact a business partner or internal subscriber. However, when you call, you always hear the engaged tone.
If you were to receive notification that the subscriber had ended the
call, your chance of reaching them would be very good. With "Callback on Busy" you can reach the engaged subscriber once they
have replaced the receiver at the end of the call. Your telephone
rings. When you lift the receiver, a connection to the required subscriber is set up automatically. An internal "Callback on Busy" is deleted automatically after 30 minutes. The external "Callback on
535
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Busy" is deleted after a period specified by the exchange (approx.
45 minutes). Manual deletion before this period has elapsed is also
possible.
Automatic callback You urgently need to contact a business partner or internal subon no reply (CCBS) scriber. When you call them, you always hear the ringing tone, but
your business partner is not close to the telephone and does not
pick up. With "Callback on no reply", you can reach the subscriber
as soon as they have completed a call or lifted and replaced the receiver of their telephone. Your telephone rings. When you lift the receiver, a connection to the required subscriber is established automatically.
Automatic clearing
of Internet connection (ShortHold)
You can activate ShortHold. When you do so, you define the time
after which an existing connection is cleared if data transfer is no
longer taking place. If you enter a time of 0, ShortHold is deactivated.
Automatic outside
line
After the receiver of a telephone is lifted, the telephone number of
the external subscriber can be dialled immediately.
Automatic redialling Performance feature of a terminal. If the line is busy, several redial
attempts are made.
B channel
Corresponds to a telephone line in T-Net. In T-ISDN, the basic connection contains two B channels, each with a data transmission rate
of 64 kbps.
B channel
Bearer channel of an ISDN Basic Rate Interface or a Primary Rate
Interface for the transmission of traffic (voice, data). An ISDN Basic
Rate Interface consists of two B channels and one D channel. A B
channel has a data transmission rate of 64 kbps. The data transmission rate of an ISDN Basic Rate Interface with your gateway can be
increased to up to 128 kbps using channel bundling.
BACP/BAP
Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocols (BACP/BAP in accordance
with RFC 2125)
Base station
Central unit of wireless telephone devices. There are two different
types: The simple base station is used to charge the handheld unit.
For special-feature telephones, the base station can also be used as
a telephone, the handheld unit is charged using separate charging
stations.
Basic Rate Interface ISDN connection that includes two basic channels (B channels)
each with 64 kbps and one control and signalling channel (D chan-
536
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
nel) with 16 kbps. The two basic channels can be used independently of each other for each service offered in the T-ISDN. You can
therefore telephone and fax at the same time. T-Com offers the Basic Rate Interface as a point-to-multipoint or point-to-point connection.
Blacklist (dialling
ranges)
You can define a restriction on external dialling for individual subscribers. The telephone numbers entered in the blacklist table cannot be called by the terminals subject to dialling control, e.g. entry
0190 would block all connections to expensive service providers.
Block Cipher Modes Block-based encryption algorithm
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Blowfish
An algorithm developed by Bruce Schneier. It relates to a block
cipher with a block size of 64 bit and a key of variable length (up to
448 bits).
Bluetooth
Bluetooth is a wireless transfer technology that can connect up different devices. Bluetooth replaces cables to connect various devices
e.g. Notebook, PC, PDA, etc. Thanks to Bluetooth, these devices
can exchange data with each other without a fixed connection. For
example, PCs, notebooks or a PDA can access the Internet or a local network. The appointments on a PDA can be synchronised with
the appointments on the PC without the need for a cable connection. Because of the many different application areas for the
Bluetooth technology, the different types of connections between the
devices are divided into profiles. A profile determines the service
(function) that the individual Bluetooth clients can use among each
other.
BOD
Bandwidth on Demand
BootP
Bootstrap protocol
Bps
Bits per second. A unit of measure for the transmission rate.
Break-in
In a PBX, the option of breaking in to an existing call. This is signalled acoustically by an attention tone.
BRI
Basic Rate Interface
Bridge
Network component for connecting homogeneous networks. As opposed to a gateway, bridges operate at layer 2 of the OSI model,
are independent of higher-level protocols and transmit data packets
using MAC addresses. Data transmission is transparent, which
means the information contained in the data packets is not inter-
537
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
preted.
538
Broadcast
Broadcasts (data packages) are sent to all devices in a network in
order to exchange information. Generally, there is a certain address
(broadcast address) in the network that allows all devices to interpret a message as a broadcast.
Brokering
Brokering makes it possible to switch between two external or internal subscribers without the waiting subscriber being able to hear
the other conversation.
Browser
Program for displaying content on the Internet or World Wide Web.
Bus
A data transmission medium for use by all the devices connected to
a network. Data is forwarded over the entire bus and received by all
devices on the bus.
CA
Certificate Authority
Calendar
By allocating a calendar, you switch between Day and Night call assignment. For each day of the week, you can select any day/night
switching time. A calendar has four switch times, which can be specifically assigned to each individual day of the week.
Call allocation
In a PBX, calls can be assigned to certain terminals.
Call costs account
You can set up a "call costs account" for a subscriber here. The
maximum available number of units, in the form of a limit, can be assigned to each subscriber on their personal "call costs account". The
"cost limit" is to be activated so that units can be booked. Once the
units have been used up, no further external calls are possible. Internal calls can still be made at any time. The units are booked to
the account each time a call is ended.
Call diversion
Also known as call forwarding. An incoming call is diverted to a specified telephone, Internet or wireless connection.
Call filter
Performance feature e.g. of the T-Concept PX722 system telephone, special-feature telephones or answering machines. The call
is only signalled in the case of certain previously defined telephone
numbers.
Call forwarding in
the exchange
You can only use the options of call forwarding in the exchange via
the keypad if certain services are activated for your connection. You
can receive more information on this from your T-Com advisor. The
exchange connects the calling subscriber with an external subscriber you have specified.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Call forwarding in
the PBX
The call forwarding (CF) performance feature of the PBX enables
you to be reached even if you are not in the vicinity of your telephone. You achieve this by automatically forwarding your calls to
the required internal or external telephone number. You can use the
configuration program to define whether call forwarding should be
carried out in the PBX or the exchange. You should use call forwarding in the exchange if certain services are activated for your
connection. You can receive more information on this from your TCom advisor.
Call option day/night Option of changing the call allocation on a PBX using a calendar.
Calls received after office hours are forwarded to a telephone still
manned, or to the answering machine or fax.
Call pickup
Performance feature of a PBX. Calls can be received on an internal
terminal that is not part of active call allocation.
Call pickup
An external call is only signalled for your colleague. As you belong
to several different teams, this is not surprising. You can now form
various groups of subscribers in which call pickup is possible. A call
can only be picked up by subscribers/terminals in the same pickup
group. The assignment of subscribers in pickup groups is not dependent on the settings in the Day and Night team call assignment.
Call Relay on Busy
Reject
Call Through
Call Through is a dial-in via an external connection to the PBX with
the call put through from the PBX via another external connection.
Call to engaged sub- Busy on busy
scriber
Call waiting
The "Call Waiting" performance feature means that other people can
contact you during a telephone call. If another subscriber calls while
you are on the telephone, you hear your telephone's call waiting
tone. You can then decide whether to continue with your first call or
speak to the person whose call is waiting.
Call waiting protec- If you do not want to use the call waiting feature, you switch on call
tion
waiting protection. If you are taking a call, a second caller hears the
engaged tone.
Callback on Busy
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Performance feature in T-ISDN, PBXs and T-Net. A connection is
set up automatically as soon as the Busy status on the destination
connection ends. When the connection is free, this is signalled to
the caller. As soon as the caller lifts the receiver, the connection is
539
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
set up automatically. However, Callback must first be activated by
the caller on his or her terminal.
Callback on no reply You call a subscriber, who does not pick up. With "Callback on no
reply", this is not a problem for you, because with this special feature, you can set up the connection without having to redial. If you
are not on the telephone yourself, a new connection with the subscriber is set up - for a maximum of 180 minutes.
Called party number Number of the terminal called.
Caller list
Special-feature telephones such as the T-Concept PX722 system
telephone enable call requests to be stored during absence.
Calling party numberNumber of the calling terminal.
CAPI
Common ISDN Application Programming Interface
CAST
A 128-bit encryption algorithm with similar functionality to DES. See
Block Cipher Modes.
CBC
Cipher Block Chaining
CCITT
Consultative Committee for International Telegraphy and Telephony
CD (Call Deflection) The forwarding of calls. This performance feature enables you to
forward a call without having to take it yourself. If you forward a call
to an external subscriber, you bear any connection costs from your
connection to the destination of the forwarded call. This feature can
therefore be used by system telephones and ISDN telephones that
support this function (see user's guide for terminals). For more information on using this performance feature with the telephone,
please see the user's guide.
540
Central speeddial
memory
Performance feature of a PBX. Telephone numbers are stored in a
PBX and can be called from every connected telephone using a key
combination.
Certificate
Certificate
Channel Bundling
Channel bundling
CHAP
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
Checksum field
Frame Check Sequence (FCS)
CLID
Calling Line Identification
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Client
A client uses the services provided by a server. Clients are usually
workstations.
CLIP
Abbreviation for Calling Line Identification Presentation. Telephone
number display of calling party.
CLIR
Abbreviation for Calling Line Identification Restriction. Temporary
suppression of the transmission of the calling party's telephone
number.
COLR
Connected Line Identification Restriction (suppress B telephone
number). This performance feature permits or suppresses the display of the called subscriber's telephone number. If display of the B
telephone number is suppressed, your telephone number is not
transmitted to the caller when you take a call. Example: You have
set up call diversion to another terminal. If this terminal has activated suppression of the B telephone number, the calling party does
not see a telephone number on the terminal display.
Combination device If an analogue terminal connection of the PBX is set up as a "multifunctional port" for combination devices, all calls are received, regardless of the service. In the case of trunk prefixes using codes,
the service ID "Analogue Telephony" or "Telefax Group 3" can also
be transmitted, regardless of the configuration of the analogue connection. If 0 is dialled, the service ID "Analogue Telephony" is also
transmitted.
Conference call
Performance feature of a PBX: Several internal subscribers can
telephone simultaneously. Three-party conferences are also possible with external subscribers.
Configuration Man- Windows application (similar to the Windows Explorer), which uses
ager
SNMP commands to request and carry out the settings of your gateway. The application was called the DIME Browser before BRICKware version 5.1.3.
Configuration of the One important prerequisite for the transfer of your configuration to
PBX with the PC
the PBX is that you have set up a connection between the PC and
PBX. You can do this using the LAN Ethernet connection.
Configuration of the With some restrictions, you can also program your PBX using the
PBX with the teletelephone. For information on programming your PBX using the telephone
phone, please see the accompanying user's guide.
Connection of analogue terminals
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
The performance features for analogue terminals can only be used
with terminals that use the MFC dialling method and that have an R
541
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
or flash key.
Connection of ISDN The internal telephone number of the connection, and not the exterminals
ternal number (multiple subscriber number) must be entered as the
MSN in the ISDN terminal connected to the internal ISDN bus. See
the user's guide for the ISDN terminals: Enter MSN. Please note
that not all the ISDN terminals available on the market can use the
performance features provided by the PBX via their key interface.
542
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy Check
CTI
Computer Telephony Integration. Term for connection between a
PBX and server. CTI enables PBX functions to be controlled and
evaluated by a PC.
D channel
Control and signalling channel of an ISDN Basic Rate Interface or
Primary Rate Interface. The D channel has a data transmission rate
of 16 kbps. In addition to the D channel, each ISDN BRI has two B
channels.
Data compression
A process for reducing the amount of data transmitted. This enables
higher throughput to be achieved in the same transmission time. Examples of this technique include STAC, VJHC and MPPC.
Data Link Layer
(DLL)
Data packet
A data packet is used for information transfer. Each data packet
contains a prescribed number of characters (information and control
characters).
Data transmission
rate
The data transmission rate specifies the number of information units
for each time interval transferred between sender and recipient.
Datagram
A self-contained data packet that is forwarded in the network with
minimum protocol overhead and without an acknowledgement
mechanism.
Datex-J
Abbreviation for Data Exchange Jedermann, the T-Online access
platform. Local dial-in node in every local network. Some German
cities offer additional high-speed access over T-Net/T-Net-ISDN.
Day/Night option
If you want to transfer important calls made after office hours to your
home office to an answering machine, so that you are not disturbed,
you can use call assignment. You can allocate each subscriber two
different call allocations (call assignment Day and call assignment
Night). With call assignments, it is also possible to forward the call to
an external subscriber, so that you can be contacted at all times.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
With call assignment Day/Night, therefore, you define which internal
terminals are to ring in the event of an external call. Call assignment
Day/Night is achieved using a table in which all the incoming calls
are assigned to internal subscribers.
Day/Night/Calendar You define switching of call variant Day/Night.
DCE
Data Circuit-Terminating Equipment
DCN
Data communications network
Default gateway
Describes the address of the gateway to which all traffic not
destined for its own network is sent.
Denial-Of-Service At- A Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack is an attempt to flood a gateway or
tack
host in a LAN with fake requests so that it is completely overloaded.
This means the system or a certain service can no longer be run.
DES
Data Encryption Standard
Destination number Speeddial memory
memory
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Dial preparation
On some telephones with a display, you can first enter a telephone,
check it first, and then dial it.
Dial-in parameters
Define the dial-in parameters i.e. you enter the provider's dial-in
number and specify:
Dialling control
In the configuration for certain terminals, you can define restrictions
for external dialling.
Dialup connection
A connection is set up when required by dialling an extension number, in contrast to a leased line.
DIME
Desktop Internetworking Management Environment
DIME Browser
Old name for Configuration Manager.
Direct dial-in
Performance feature of larger PBXs at the point-to-point connection:
The extensions can be called directly from outside.
Direct dialling range See Extension numbers range
Display and output
of connection data
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
In the configuration, it is possible to define storage of data records
for specific terminals or all terminals. In the ex works setting, all in-
543
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
coming external connections and all external calls you make are
stored.
Display of caller's
number
A suitable telephone is a prerequisite for this feature. Transmission
of the telephone number must be permitted by the caller.
DLCI
In a Frame Relay network, a DLCI uniquely describes a virtual connection. Note that a DLCI is only relevant for the local end of the
point-to-point connection.
DMZ
Demilitarised Zone
DNS
Domain Name System
Do not disturb
Station guarding
DOI
Domain of Interpretation
Domain
A domain refers to a logical group of devices in a network. On the
Internet, this is part of a naming hierarchy (e.g. bintec.de).
Door intercom
Door intercom device. It can be connected to various PBXs. A telephone can be used to take an intercom call and open the door.
Door intercom on
An analogue connection can be set up for connected of function
analogue connection module M06 to connect a DoorLine intercom system.
544
Door terminal adapter
The function module can be installed on an analogue connection of
your PBX. If a door intercom (DoorLine) is connected to your PBX
via a function module, you can speak with a visitor at the door via
every authorised telephone. You can assign particular telephones to
each ring button. These phones then ring if the ring button is
pressed. On analogue telephones, the signal on the telephone
matches the intercom call. In place of the internal telephones, an external telephone can also be configured as the call destination for
the ring button. Your door intercom can have up to 4 ring buttons.
The door opener can be pressed during an intercom call. It is not
possible activate the door opener if an intercom call is not taking
place.
Dotted Decimal
Notation
The syntactic representation of a 32-bit whole number, written in
four 8-bit numbers in decimal form and subdivided by a point. It is
used to represent IP addresses on the Internet, e.g. 192.67.67.20
Downstream
Data transmission rate from the ISP to the customer.
DSA (DSS)
Digital Signature Algorithm (Digital Signature Standard).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
DSL/xDSL
Digital Subscriber Line
DSS1
Digital Subscriber Signalling System
DSSS
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum is a wireless technology that was
originally developed for the military and offers a high level of protection against faults because the wanted signal is spread over a wide
area. The signal is spread by means of a spread sequence or chipping code consisting of 11 chips across 22 MHz. Even if there is a
fault on one or more of the chips during transfer, the information can
still be obtained reliably from the remaining chips.
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment
DTMF
Dual Tone Multi Frequency (tone dialling system)
Dynamic IP address In contrast to a static IP address, a dynamic IP address is assigned
temporarily by DHCP. Network components such as the web server
or printer usually have static IP address, while clients such as notebooks or workstations usually have dynamic IP addresses.
E1/T1
E1: European variant of the 2.048 mbps ISDN Primary Rate Interface, which is also called the E1 system.
ECB
Electronic Code Book mode
ECT
Explicit Call Transfer. This performance feature allows two external
connections to be transferred without blocking the two B channels of
the exchange connection.
Email
Electronic mail
Emergency numbers You urgently need to contact the policy, fire brigade or another telephone number. To make things worse, all the connections are busy.
However, you have informed your PBX of the telephone numbers
that need to be contactable in an emergency. If you now dial one of
these numbers, it is recognised by the PBX and a B channel of the
T-ISDN is automatically freed up for your emergency call. Emergency calls are not subject to configuration restrictions. If "Calling
with prefix plus code number" is set for a a connection, the internal
connection is busy. To make an external call, first dial 0 and then
the required emergency number.
Encapsulation
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Encapsulation of data packets in a certain protocol for transmitting
the packets over a network that the original protocol does not directly support (e.g. NetBIOS over TCP/IP).
545
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Encryption
Refers to the encryption of data, e.g. MPPE.
Entry of external
connection data
In the ex works setting, all external connections made and received
via your PBX are recorded and stored in the form of connection data
records.
ESP
Encapsulating Security Payload
ESS
The Extended Service Set describes several BSS (several access
points) that form a single, logical wireless network.
Ethernet
A local network that connects all devices in the network (PC, printers, etc.) via a twisted pair or coaxial cable.
Ethernet connections
The 4 connections are led equally through an internal switch. Network clients can be directly connected to the connection sockets.
The ports are designed as 100/BaseT full-duplex, autosensing, auto
MDIX upwardly compatible to 10/Base T. Up to 4 SIP telephones or
IP softclients with SIP standard can be directly connected to PCs
with a network card.
Eumex Recovery
If the power supply to the PBX cuts out while new firmware is being
loaded, the PBX functions are deleted.
Euro ISDN
Harmonised ISDN standardised within Europe, based on signalling
protocol DSS1, the introduction of which network operators in over
20 European countries have committed to. Euro-ISDN has been introduced in Germany, replacing the previous national system 1 TR6.
Eurofile transfer
Communication protocol for the exchange of files between two PCs
over ISDN using an ISDN card (file transfer) or telephones or PBXs
configured for this.
Exchange
Node in the public telecommunication network. We differentiate
between local exchanges and remote exchanges.
Exchange access
right
PBXs differentiate between the following "exchange access rights".
These can be set up differently for each subscriber in the configuration.
Extended redialling A selected telephone number is "parked" in the telephone's memory.
It can be redialled later, even if you have called other numbers in the
meantime.
Extension
546
For PBXs, describes the terminal (e.g. telephone) connected to the
exchange. Each extension can access PBX services and communicate with other extensions.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Extension number
An extension is an internal number for a terminal or subsystem. In
point-to-point ISDN accesses, the extension is usually a number
from the extension numbers range assigned by the telephone provider. In point-to-multipoint connections, it can be the MSN or a part
of the MSN.
Extension numbers (direct dialling range)
range
Fall Back: Priority of The priority of the Internet provider entries is defined by the sethe Internet provider quence in which they are entered in the list. The first entry of a DSL
entries
connection is the standard access. If a connection cannot be set up
via the standard access after a predefined number of attempts,
setup is attempted using the second entry then subsequent entries.
If the final entry in the list does not enable a connection to be set up
successfully, the operation is terminated until a new request is
made. When fall back occurs and all other ISPs can only be reached
by dialup connections, both B channels may be occupied. If channel
bundling is used, you cannot be reached for the duration of this connection.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Fax
Abbreviation of telefax.
FHSS, Frequency
Hopping Spread
Spectrum
In a FHSS system, the frequency spread is achieved through constantly changing frequencies based on certain hopping patterns. In
contrast to DSSS systems, hopping patterns are configured, not the
frequency. The frequency changes very frequently in one second.
File transfer
Data transmission from one computer to another, e.g. based on the
Eurofile transfer standard.
Filter
A filter comprises a number of criteria (e.g. protocol, port number,
source and destination address). These criteria can be used to select a packet from the traffic flow. Such a packet can then be
handled in a specific way. For this purpose, a certain action is associated with the filter, which creates a filter rule.
Firewall
Describes the whole range of mechanisms to protect the local network against external access. Your gateway provides protection
mechanisms such as NAT, CLID, PAP/CHAP, access lists, etc.
Firmware
Software code containing all a device's functions. This code is written to a PROM (programmable read only memory) and is retained
there, even after the device is switched off. Firmware can be updated by the user when a new software version is available
(firmware upgrade).
547
Glossary
548
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
First-level domain
Describes the last part of a name on the Internet. For
www.t-com.de, the first-level domain is de and in this case stands
for Germany.
Flash key
The flash key on a telephone is the R button. R stands for
Rückfrage (inquiry). The key interrupts the line briefly to start certain
functions such as inquiries via the PBX.
Follow-me
Performance feature of a PBX for diverting calls on the destination
telephone.
Fragmentation
Process by which an IP datagram is divided into small parts in order
to meet the requirements of a physical network. The reverse process is known as reassembly.
Frame
Unit of information sent via a data connection.
Frame relay
A packet switching method that contains smaller packets and fewer
error checks than traditional packet switching methods such as
X.25. Because of its properties, frame relay is used for fast WAN
connections with a high density of traffic.
Freecall
Telephone number. Previous service 0130. These telephone numbers have been switched to freecall 0800 since January 1, 1998.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
Full duplex
Operating mode in which both communication partners can communicate bidirectionally at the same time.
Function keys
Keys on the telephone that can be assigned telephone numbers or
network functions.
G.991.1
Data transmission recommendation for HDSL
G.991.2
Data transmission recommendation for SHDSL
G.992.1
Data transmission recommendation for ADSL. See also G.992.1 Annex A and G.992.1 Annex B.
G.992.1 Annex A
Data transmission recommendation for ADSL: ITU-T G.992.1 Annex
A
G.992.1 Annex B
Data transmission recommendation for ADSL: ITU-T G.992.1 Annex
B
G.SHDSL
See G.991.2.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Gateway
Entrance and exit, transition point
Half duplex
Bidirectional communication method in which it is only possible to
either send or receive at a particular point in time. Also known as
Simplex.
Handheld unit
Mobile component of wireless telephone units. In the event of digital
transmission, it is also possible to make telephone calls between the
handheld units (DECT).
Hands free
If the telephone has a microphone and speaker installed, you can
conduct a call without using your hands. As a result, other people in
the room can also participate in the call.
Hashing
The process of deriving a number (hash) from a character string. A
hash is generally far shorter than the text flow it was derived from.
The hashing algorithm is designed so that there is a relatively low
probability of generating a hash that is the same as another hash
generated from a text sequence with a different meaning. Encryption
methods use hashing to make sure that intruders cannot change
transmitted messages.
HDLC
High Level Data Link Control
HDSL
High Bit Rate DSL
HDSL2
High Bit Rate DSL, version 2
Headset
Combination of headphones and microphone as a useful aid for
anyone who makes a lot of telephone calls and wants to keep hands
free for making notes.
HMAC
Hashed Message Authentication Code
HMAC-MD5
Hashed Message Authentication Code - uses Message Digest Algorithm Version 5.
HMAC-SHA1
Hashed Message Authentication Code - uses Secure Hash Algorithm Version 1.
Holding a call
A telephone call is put on hold without breaking the connection
(inquiry/brokering).
Holding in the PBX
Both B channels of the ISDN connection are needed for the performance features "Call another person during a call" and "Speak alternately with two people" (brokering). As a result, you cannot be
reached from outside or make external calls via your PBX's second
549
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
B channel. With this setting, an external caller put on hold hears the
PBX's on-hold music.
Hook flash
The use of the inquiry, brokerage and three-party conference special features in T-Net and certain performance features of some
PBXs is only possible with the hook flash function (long flash) of the
signal key on the telephone. On modern telephones, this key is indicated with an "R".
Host name
A name used in IP networks instead of the corresponding address.
A host name consists of an ASCII string that uniquely identifies the
host computer.
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol
Hub
Network component used to connect several network components
together to form a local network (star-shaped).
IAE
ISDN connection unit, ISDN connection socket.
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
ICV
Integrity Check Value
Identify malicious
callers (intercept)
You have to request this performance feature from T-Com. The
company will provide you with further information on the procedure.
If you enter code 77 during a call or after the caller has ended a call
(you hear the engaged tone from the exchange), the caller's telephone number is stored in the exchange. ISDN telephones can also
use separate functions for this performance feature. For more information on this function, please see your user's guide.
IEEE
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). A large,
global association of engineers, which continuously works on standards in order to ensure different devices can work together.
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force
Index
The index from 0...9 is fixed. Every external multiple subscriber
number entered is assigned to an index. You need this index when
configuring performance features using the telephone's codes, e.g.
configuring "Call forwarding in the exchange" or "Define telephone
number for the next external call".
Infrastructure mode A network in infrastructure mode is a network that contains at least
one access point as the central point of communication and control.
In a network in infrastructure mode, all clients communicate with
550
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
each other via access points only. There is no direct communication
between the individual clients. A network of this kind is also known
as a BSS (basic service set), and a network that consists of several
BSS is known as an ESS (extended service set). Most wireless networks operate in infrastructure mode to establish a connection with
the wired network.
Inquiry
Makes it possible to put the first call on hold in the event of a call
waiting and take a new call.
Internal call tone
Special signal on a PBX to differentiate between internal and external calls.
Internal calls
Free-of-charge connection between terminals in a PBX.
Internal telephone
numbers
Your PBX has a fixed internal telephone number plan.
Internet
The Internet consists of a number of regional, local and university
networks. The IP protocol is used for data transmission on the Internet.
Internet time sharing Allows several users to surf the Internet simultaneously over an
ISDN connection. The information is requested by the individual
computers with a time delay.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Intranet
Local computer network within a company based on Internet technology providing the same Internet services, e.g. homepages and
sending email.
IP
Internet Protocol
IP Address
The first part of the address by which a device is identified in an IP
network, e.g. 192.168.1.254. See also netmask.
IPComP
IP payload compression
IPCONFIG
A tool used on Windows computers to check or change its own IP
settings.
IPoA
IP over ATM
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISDN address
The address of an ISDN device that consists of an ISDN number followed by further numbers that relate to a specific terminal, e.g.
47117.
551
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
ISDN Basic Rate In- ISDN subscriber connection. The Basic Rate Interface consists of
terface
two B channels and one D channel. In addition to the Basic Rate Interface, there is the Primary Rate Interface. The interface to the subscriber is provided by an So bus.
552
ISDN card
Adapter for connecting a PC to the ISDN Basic Rate Interface. From
a technical perspective, we differentiate between active and passive
cards. Active ISDN cards have their own processor, which handles
communication operations independently of the PC processor and
therefore does not require any resources. A passive ISDN card, on
the other hand, uses the PC's resources.
ISDN Login
Function of your gateway. Your gateway can be configured and administrated remotely using ISDN Login. ISDN Login operates on
gateways in the ex works state as soon they are connected to an
ISDN connection and therefore reachable via an extension number.
ISDN number
The network address of the ISDN interface, e.g. 4711.
ISDN router
A router that does not have network connections but provides the
same functions between PC, ISDN and the Internet.
ISDN-BRI
ISDN Basic Rate Interface
ISDN-Dynamic
This performance feature requires the installation of the T-ISDN
Speedmanager. If you are surfing the Internet and use two B channels for downloading, you cannot be reached by telephone from outside. As a further call is signalled over the D channel, your PBX can,
depending on the setting, specifically shut down a B channel so that
you can take the call.
ISDN-Internal/External
Alternative name for the So bus.
ISDN-PRI
ISDN Primary Rate Interface
ISO
International Standardization Organization
ISP
Internet Service Provider
ITU
International Telecommunication Union
Key Escrow
Stored keys can be viewed by the government. The US government,
in particular, requires key storages to prevent crimes being covered
up through data encryption.
LAN
Local Area Network
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
LAPB
Link Access Procedure Balanced
Last access
The last access by T-Service is stored and displayed in the configuration.
Layer 1
Layer 1 of the ISO OSI Model, the bit transfer layer.
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display, a screen in which special liquid crystal is
used to display information.
LCP
Link Control Protocol
LDAP
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
Lease Time
The "Lease Time" is the time a computer keeps the IP address assigned to it without having to "talk" to the DHCP server.
Leased Line
Leased line
LLC
Link Layer Control
Local exchange
Switching node of a public local telephone network that supports the
connection of end systems.
Loudspeaker
Function on telephones with an integrated loudspeaker: You can
press a button so that the people present in the room can also hear
the telephone call.
MAC Address
Every device in the network is defined by a fixed hardware address
(MAC address). The network card of a device defines this internationally unique address.
Man-in-the-Middle
Attack
Encryption using public keys requires the public keys to be exchanged first. During this exchange, the unprotected keys can be intercepted easily, making a "man-in-the-middle" attack possible. The
attacker can set a key at an early stage so that a key known to the
"man-in-the-middle" is used instead of the intended key from the
real communication partner.
MD5
See HMAC-MD5
MFC
Multifrequency code dialling method
MIB
Management Information Base
Microphone mute
Switch for turning off the microphone. The subscriber on the telephone cannot hear the discussions in the room.
553
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Mixed mode
The access point accepts WPA and WPA2.
MLPPP
Multilink PPP
Modem
Modulator/Demodulator
MPDU
MAC Protocol Data Unit - every information packet exchanged on
the wireless medium includes management frames and fragmented
MSDUs.
MPPC
Microsoft Point-to-Point Compression
MPPE
Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption
MSDU
MAC Service Data Unit - a data packet that ignores fragmentation in
the WLAN.
MSN
Multiple subscriber number
MSSID
See SSID
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit
Multicast
A specific form of broadcast in which a message is simultaneously
transmitted to a defined user group.
Multiple subscriber Multiple subscriber number
number
Multiprotocol gateway
A gateway that can route several protocols, e.g. IP, X.25, etc.
Music on hold (MoH) Your PBX has two internal music-on-hold melodies. On delivery, internal melody 1 is active. You can choose between melody 1 or 2, or
deactivate the music on hold.
Music on hold (MoH) Performance feature of a PBX. During an inquiry or call forwarding,
a melody is played that the waiting subscriber hears. On your PBX,
you can choose between two internal melodies.
554
MWI
Transmission of a voice message from a mailbox e.g. T-NetBox or
MailBox to a terminal. The receipt of the message on the terminal is
signalled e.g. by a LED.
NAT
Network Address Translation
NDIS WAN
NDIS WAN is a Microsoft enhancement of this standards in relation
to wide area networking (WAN). The NDIS WAN CAPI driver per-
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
mits the use of the ISDN controller as a WAN card. The NDIS WAN
driver enables the use of a DCN network on Windows. NDIS is the
abbreviation for Network Device Interface Specification and is a
standard for the connection of network cards (hardware) to network
protocols (software).
Net surfing
A "journey of discovery" for interesting information in wide-ranging
data networks such as T-Online. Known mainly from the Internet.
NetBIOS
Network Basic Input Output System
Netmask
The second part of an address in an IP network, used for identification of a device, e.g. 255.255.255.0. See also IP address.
Network
Your PBX has a DSL router so that one or more PCs can surf the Internet and download information.
Network address
A network address designates the address of a complete local network.
Network termination In telecommunications, the network termination is the point at which
(NTBA)
access to a communication network is provided to the terminal.
Netz-Direkt (keypad You can use the "Netz-Direkt" (keypad) function (automatic external
functions)
line access) to enter a key sequence from your ISDN or analogue
telephone to use current T-ISDN functions. For more information on
this, consult your T-Com client advisor and request the necessary
codes (e.g. call forwarding in the exchange).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
NMS
Network Management Station
Notebook function
During a telephone call, a telephone number can be entered in the
telephone's buffer so that it can be dialled at a later point in time.
NT
Network Termination
NTBA
Network Termination for Basic Access
NTP
Network Time Protocol
OAM
Operation and Maintenance
Offline
Without connection. Connectionless operating state e.g. of the PCs.
Online
With connection. For example the state of a connection between a
PC and data network or for data exchange between two PCs.
Online banking
Term for electronic banking e.g. using T-Online.
555
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Online Pass
Part of the T-Com certification services for the Internet. Digital pass
for the Internet. With the Online Pass, an Internet user can be authenticated as a customer in a company.
Online services
Services available around the clock via communication services
such as T-Online and the Internet.
OSI model
OSI = Open Systems Interconnection
OSPF
Open Shortest Path First
Outgoing extension The "outgoing extension number signal" is intended for internal connumber signal
nections on the point-to-point to which an explicit extension number
was not assigned. When an external call is made, the extension
number entered under Outgoing Extension Number Signal is also
transmitted.
Outgoing telephone If you have not suppressed transmission of your telephone number,
number
and the telephone of the person you are calling supports the CLIP
function, the person you are calling can see the telephone number
of the connection you are calling from on their telephone display.
This telephone number transmitted during an external call is called
the outgoing telephone number.
556
Packet switching
Packet switching
PAP
Password Authentication Protocol
Parking
The call is held temporarily in the exchange. The main difference to
on hold: The call is interrupted, the receiver can be replaced. Can
be used for brokering. Possible in T-Net, T-ISDN and PBXs. The terminal must have MFC and the R key.
PBX
Private Branch Exchange
PBX
The features offered by a PBX are manufacturer-specific and enable
operation of exchanges, free internal calls, callback on busy, and
conference calls, among other things. PBXs are used e.g. for office
communication (voice, text and data transfer).
PBX
Private Branch Exchange (PBX)
PBX
Private Automatic Branch Exchange
PBX number
A point-to-point ISDN access includes a PBX number and an extension numbers range. The PBX number is used to reach the PBX. A
certain terminal of the PBX is then dialled via one of the extension
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
numbers of the extension numbers range.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
PCMCIA
The PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association) is an industry association founded in 1989 that represents
credit card-sized I/O cards such as WLAN cards.
PDM
Abbreviation for pulse dialling method. Conventional dialling procedure in the telephone network. Dialled numbers are represented by a
defined number of dc impulses. The pulse dialling method is being
replaced by the multifrequency code method (MFC) .
PGP
Pretty Good Privacy
PH
Packet handler
Phone book
The PBX has an internal phone book. You can store up to 300 telephone numbers and the associated names. You can access the
PBX's phone book with the funkwerk devices (for example CS 410).
You add entries to the phone book using the configuration interface.
PIN
Personal identification number
Ping
Packet Internet Groper
PKCS
Public Key Cryptography Standards
Point-to-multipoint
Point-to-multipoint connection
Point-to-multipoint
Basic connection in T-ISDN with three telephone numbers and two
lines as standard. The ISDN terminals are connected directly on the
network termination (NTBA) or ISDN internet connection of a PBX.
Point-to-multipoint
Point-to-multipoint
Point-to-multipoint
connection for the
PBX
You enter the multiple subscriber numbers received from T-Com
with the order confirmation in the table fields defined for them in the
configuration. As a rule, you receive three multiple subscriber numbers, but can apply for up to 10 telephone numbers for each connection. When you enter the telephone numbers, they are assigned
to an "index" and also to a team. Note that initially, all telephone
numbers are assigned to team 00. The internal telephone numbers
10, 11 and 20 are entered in team 00 ex works. External calls are
therefore signalled with the internal telephone numbers 10, 11 and
20 for the connections entered in team 00.
Point-to-point
Point-to-point
557
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Point-to-point ISDN Point-to-point
access
Polling
Fax machine function that "fetches" documents provided by other
fax machines or fax databases.
Port
Input/output
POTS
Plain Old Telephone System
PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol
PPP authentication Security mechanism. A method of authentication using passwords in
PPP.
558
PPPoA
Point to Point Protocol over ATM
PPPoE
Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet
PRI
Primary Rate Interface
Primary Rate Interface (PRI)
ISDN subscriber connection. The PRI consists of one D channel and
30 B channels (in Europe). (In America: 23 B channels and one D
channel.) There is also the ISDN Basic Rate Interface.
Protocol
Protocols are used to define the manner and means of information
exchange between two systems. Protocols control and rule the
course of data communication at various levels (decoding, addressing, network routing, control procedures, etc.).
Proxy ARP
ARP = Address Resolution Protocol
PSN
Packet Switched Network
PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network
PVID
Port VLAN ID
R key
Telephones that have a R key (inquiry key) can also be connected
to a PBX. In modern telephones, the R key triggers the hook flash
function. This is required for use of performance features in T-Net
such as inquiry/brokering and three-party conference.
RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial In User Service
RADSL
Rate-Adaptive Digital Subscriber Line
RAS
Remote access service
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Real Time Clock
(RTC)
Hardware clock with buffer battery
Receiver volume
Function for controlling the volume in the telephone receiver.
Reconnection on the For a point-to-multipoint connection, enables the terminal connecbus (parking)
tion to be reconnected to another ISDN socket during the telephone
call.
Recording telephone Performance feature of an answering machine. Enables a conversacalls
tion to be recorded during the telephone call.
Remote
Remote, as opposed to local.
Remote access
Opposite to local access, see Remote.
Remote CAPI
bintec's own interface for CAPI.
Remote diagnosis/re-Some terminals and PBXs are supported and maintained by Tmote maintenance Service support offices over the telephone line, which often means a
service engineer does not have to visit the site.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Remote query
Answering machine function. Involves listening to messages remotely, usually in connection with other options such as deleting
messages or changing recorded messages.
Repeater
A device that transmits electrical signals from one cable connection
to another without making routing decisions or carrying out packet
filtering. See Bridge and Router.
Reset
Resetting the device enables you to return your system to a predefined initial state. This may be necessary if you have made incorrect configuration settings or the device is to be reprogrammed.
RFC
Specifications, proposals, ideas and guidelines relating to the Internet are published in the form of RFCs (request for comments).
Rijndael (AES)
Rijndael (AES) was selected as AES due to its fast key generation,
low memory requirements and high level of security against attacks.
For more information on AES, see http://csrc.nist.gov/encryption/aes.
RIP
Routing Information Protocol
RipeMD 160
RipeMD 160 is a cryptographic hash function with 160 bits. It is regarded as a secure replacement for MD5 and RipeMD.
559
Glossary
560
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
RJ45
Plug or socket for maximum eight wires. Connection for digital terminals.
Roaming
In a multicell WLAN, clients can move freely and log off from one access point and log on to another when moving through cells, without
the user noticing this. This is known as roaming.
Room monitoring
(acoustic)
To use the "Room Monitoring" performance feature, the telephone
must be activated in the room to be monitored by means of a code,
and the receiver must be lifted or "Hands-free" switched on. If you
replace the telephone receiver or turn off "Hands-free", room monitored ends and the performance feature is switched off.
Room monitoring
from external telephones
This function can be used to monitor rooms from an external telephone.
Room monitoring
from internal telephones
You can acoustically monitor a room from an internal telephone in
your PBX. This is set up using the telephone procedures described
in the user's guide. Please read the information on the described
functions in the user's guide.
Router
A device that connects different networks at layer 3 of the OSI model and routes information from one network to the other.
RSA
The RSA algorithm (named after its inventors Rivest, Shamir, Adleman) is based on the problem of factoring large integers. It therefore
takes a large amount of data processing capacity and time to derive
a RSA key.
RTSP
Real-Time Streaming Protocol
S2M interface
See Primary Rate Interface.
SAD
The SAD (=Security Association Database) contains information on
security agreements such as AH or ESP algorithms and keys, sequence numbers, protocol modes and SA life. For outgoing IPSec
connections, an SPD entry refers to an entry in the SAD i.e. the
SPD defines which SA is to be applied. For incoming IPSec connections, the SAD is queried to determine how the packet is to be processed.
SDSL
Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line
Server
A server offers services used by clients. Often refers to a certain
computer in the LAN, e.g. DHCP server.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
ServerPass
Part of the T-Com certification services for the Internet. Digital pass
for a company. With the ServerPass, T-Com confirms that a server
on the Internet belongs to a particular company and that this was
verified through the presentation of an excerpt from the business register.
Service 0190
Additional voice service from T-Com for the commercial distribution
of private information services. The T-Com services are limited to
providing the technical infrastructure and collection processing for
the information providers. The provided information is accessed using the telephone number 0190 which is uniform across Germany
plus a 6-digit telephone number. Information offering: Entertainment,
weather, finance, sport, health, support and service hotlines.
Service 0700
Additional voice service from T-Com. Allows calls to be received via
a location-independent telephone number uniform across Germany,
starting with the numbers 0700. Free-of-charge routing to national
fixed network. Enhancement with Vanity possible.
Service 0900
Additional voice service from T-Com. Replaces Service 0190.
Service number 0180 Additional voice service 0180call from T-Com to receive calls from a
location-dependent telephone number uniform across Germany,
starting with the numbers 0180.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Setup Tool
Menu-driven tool for the configuration of your gateway. The Setup
Tool can be used as soon as the gateway has been accessed
(serial, ISDN Login, LAN).
SHA1
See HMAC-SHA.
SHDSL
Single-Pair High-Speed
Short hold
Is the defined amount of time after which a connection is cleared if
no more data is transmitted. Short hold can be set to static (fixed
amount of time) or dynamic (according to charging information).
Signalling
Simultaneous signalling: All assigned terminals are called simultaneously. If a telephone is busy, call waiting can be used.
Simplex operation
(ISDN subscribers
only)
This connection can only be used for an ISDN telephone (only TConcept PX722 system telephones) with a simplex function. If you
call an ISDN telephone with a simplex function, this automatically
activates the Loudspeaker function so that a conversation can take
place immediately. Please see the information on the telephone
user's guide on the simplex operation function.
561
Glossary
562
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
SIP
Session Initiation Protocol
SMS
Short Message Service
SMS receipt
If you have connected an SMS-enabled terminal, you can decide
whether SMS receipt is to be permitted for the connection. The ex
works setting is no SMS receipt. To receive an SMS with your SMSenabled terminal, you must register once with the T-Com SMS Service. One-time registration is free. You simply send an SMS containing ANMELD to the destination call number 8888. You then receive
a free-of-charge confirmation of registration from the T-Com SMS
Service. You can deregister your device or telephone number by
sending an SMS containing ABMELD to the destination number
8888. Incoming SMS are then read out. Information on which telephones are SMS-enabled can be obtained from T-Punkt, our customer hotline 0800 330 1000 or on the Internet at http://www.t-com.de.
SMS server telephone numbers
You can connect SMS-enabled telephones to your PBX and thus
use the SMS performance feature in the T-Com fixed network.
SMSs are forwarded to the recipient via the T-Com SMS server. To
send an SMS with an SMS-enabled terminal, the telephone number
0193010 of the SMS server must be prefixed to the recipient number. This telephone number is already stored in your PBX, so manual input of the server telephone is not necessary and does not need
to be sent from the telephone. To receive an SMS with your SMSenabled fixed-network telephone, you must register once with the
Deutsche Telekom SMS Service. Charges are made for sending
SMSs. There are no costs for receiving SMSs.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
SNMP shell
Input level for SNMP commands.
So bus
All ISDN sockets and the NTBA of an ISDN point-to-multipoint connection. All So buses consist of a four-wire cable. The lines transmit
digital ISDN signals. The So bus is terminated with a terminating
resistor after the last ISDN socket. The So bus starts at the NTBA
and can be up to 150 m long. Any ISDN devices can be operated on
this bus. However, only two devices can use the So bus at any one
time, as only two B channels are available.
So connection
See ISDN Basic Rate Interface
So interface
Internationally standardised interface for ISDN systems. This interface is provided on the network side by the NTBA . On the user
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
side, the interface is intended for connecting a PBX (point-to-point
connection) and for connecting up to eight ISDN terminals
(point-to-multipoint connection).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
SOHO
Small Offices and Home Offices
SPD
The SPD (=Security Policy Database) defines the security services
available for IP traffic. These security services are dependent on
parameters such as the source and destination of the packet etc.
Special features
Performance features of the T-Net and T-ISDN networks such as
display of the caller's number, callback on busy, call forwarding,
changeable connection lock, changeable telephone number lock,
connection without dialling and transmission of charge information.
Availability depends on the standard of the connected terminals.
Special-features
connection
T-ISDN Basic Rate Interface with an extensive range of services:
call waiting, call forwarding, third-party conference, display of call
costs at the end of a connection, inquiry/brokering, telephone number transmission. In the special-features connection, three multiple
subscriber numbers are included as standard.
Specify own telephone number for
next call
If you want to make a business call late in the evening from your
private sphere - say the living room - for example, you can define
your business telephone number as the outgoing multiple subscriber
number (MSN) for this call. The advantages of this are that the costs
for the connection are recorded for the selected MSN and the person you are calling can identify you by the transferred MSN. Before
you call an external number, you can define which of your telephone
numbers is to be sent to the exchange and called party. You make
the selection using the telephone number index.
Speeddial number
A speeddial index (000...299) can be assigned to each of the 300
telephone numbers in the telephone book. You then dial this speeddial index instead of the long telephone number. Note that telephone
numbers dialled using the speeddial function must also comply with
the dialrule.
SPID
Service Profile Identifier
Splitter
The splitter separates data and voice signals on the DSL connection.
Spoofing
Technique for reducing data traffic (and thus saving costs), especially in WANs.
563
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
SSID
The Service Set Identifier (SSID) or Network Name refers to the
wireless network code based on IEEE 802.11.
SSL
Secure Sockets Layer A technology, now standard, developed by
Netscape, which is generally used to secure HTTP traffic between a
web browser and a web server.
STAC
Data compression procedure.
Standard connection T-ISDN Basic Rate Interface with the performance features Inquiry/
Brokering and Telephone Number Transmission. The standard connection contains three multiple subscriber numbers.
564
Static IP address
A fixed IP address, in contrast to a dynamic IP address.
Station guarding
Deactivation of acoustic call signalling: do not disturb.
Subaddressing
In addition to the transmission of ISDN telephone numbers, additional information in the form of a subaddress can be transmitted from
the caller to the called party over the D channel when the connection is set up. Addressing that goes beyond the pure MSN, which
can be used e.g. specifically to locate several ISDN terminals that
can be reached on one telephone number for a particular service. In
the called terminal - e.g. a PC - various applications can also be addressed and in some cases executed. Costs are charged for the
performance feature, and it must be requested separately from the
network operator.
Subnet
A network scheme that divides individual logical networks into smaller physical units to simplify routing.
Subnet mask
A method of splitting several IP networks into a series of subgroups
or subnetworks. The mask is a binary pattern that must match the IP
addresses in the network. 255.255.255.0 is the default subnet mask.
In this case, 254 different IP addresses can occur in a subnet, from
x.x.x.1 to x.x.x.254.
Subscriber Name
To distinguish between connections more easily, you can assign a
subscriber name for each internal subscriber.
Suppress Atelephone number
(CLIR)
CLIP/CLIR: Calling line identification presentation/calling line identification restriction
Suppress B telephone number
(COLR)
COLP/COLR: Connected line identification presentation/connected
line identification restriction = Activate/suppress transmission of
called party's telephone number to caller. This performance feature
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
suppresses the display of the called subscriber's telephone number.
If display of the B telephone number is suppressed, your telephone
number is not transmitted to the caller when you take a call.
Suppress own tele- Temporary deactivation of the transmission of your own telephone
phone number
number.
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Suppression of the
telephone number
Performance feature of a PBX. The display of the telephone number
can be deactivated on an individual basis.
Switch
LAN switches are network components with a similar function to
bridges or even gateways. They switch data packets between the input and output port. In contrast to bridges, switches have several input and output ports. This increases the bandwidth in the network.
Switches can also be used for conversion between networks with
different speeds (e.g. 100-mbps and 10-mbps networks).
Switchable dialling
method
Option of switching between the pulse dialling method and MFC
method by means of a switch or key input on the terminal, such as
the telephone or fax machine.
Synchronous
Transmission process in which the sender and receiver operate with
exactly the same clock signals – in contrast to asynchronous transmission. Spaces are bridged by a stop code.
Syslog
Syslog is used as the de facto standard for transmitting log messages in an IP network. Syslog messages are sent as unencrypted
text messages over the UDP port 514 and collected centrally. They
are usually used to monitor computer systems.
System telephones
Telephone that belongs to a modern PBX, which - depending on the
PBX - has a number of special features and keys, e.g. the TConcept PX722.
T-DSL
Product name used by Deutsche Telekom AG for its DSL services
and products.
T-Fax
Product name for T-Com fax machines.
T-ISDN
Telephony, faxing, data transfer and online services from one network and a single connection: T-ISDN offers exciting services with
numerous benefits, for example a point-to-multipoint connection the ideal solution for families or small businesses. This connection
option, which can be used with the existing telephone cable, costs
less than two telephone connections but offers far greater quality
and ease of use: Two independent lines, so that you can still make a
565
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
phone call, receive a fax, or surf the Internet when another family
member is making a long call on the other line. Three or more telephone numbers, which you can assign individually to your devices
and distribute differently if needed through simple programming
steps. Most ISDN telephones can "manage" several telephone numbers, so you can set up a "central" telephone in your household, for
example, to allow you to react to calls to all ISDN telephone numbers with this telephone. The fax and telephone in your home office
can also each be assigned a number, as can your son or daughter's
phone. As a result, each family member can be contacted with a
separate number, helping to eliminate "day-to-day friction"! And as
far as the costs are concerned, on request you can have your bill
broken down to show which units have been charged for the individual ISDN telephone numbers.
T-Net
The digital telephone network of T-Com for connecting analogue terminals.
T-NetBox
The answering machine in T-Net and T-ISDN. The T-NetBox can
store up to 30 messages.
T-NetBox telephone Enter the current T-NetBox telephone number here if it differs from
number
the 08003302424 entered ex works. As soon as your T-NetBox receives a voice or fax message, notification is sent to your PBX.
566
T-Online
Umbrella term the T-Com online platform. Offers services such as email and Internet access.
T-Online software
T-Com software decoder for all conventional computer systems that
enables access to T-Online. Supports all functions such as KIT, email and the Internet with a browser. T-Online users receive this
software free of charge.
T-Service
T-Service carries out all installation work and configurations for the
PBX at the customer's request. The service ensures optimum voice
and data transmission at all times thanks to maintenance work.
T-Service access
T-Service access enables you to have your PBX configured by TService. Give T-Service a call! Get advice and provide information
on your configuration requirements. T-Service will then configure
your PBX remotely without you having to do anything.
TA
Terminal Adapter
TAPI
Telephony Application Program Interface
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
TAPI configuration
You can use the TAPI configuration to modify the TAPI driver in line
with the program that uses this driver. You can check which MSN is
to be assigned to a terminal, define a line name, and configure the
dialling parameters. First configure your PBX. You must then configure the TAPI interface. Use the "TAPI Configuration" program.
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TCU
Telecommunication connection unit
TE
Terminal equipment
TEI
Terminal Endpoint Identifier
Telefax
Term that describes the remote copying for transmitting texts,
graphics and documents true to the original over the telephone network.
Telematics
Telematics is a combination of telecommunication and computer
technology and describes data communication between systems
and devices.
Telnet
Protocol from the TCP/IP protocol family. Telnet enables communication with a remote device in the network.
Terminal adapter
Device for interface adaptation. It enables different equipment to be
connected to T-ISDN. The terminal adapter a/b is used to connect
analogue terminals to the So interface of the ISDN Basic Rate Interface. Existing analogue terminals can still be operated with tone dialling.
TFTP
Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Tiger 192
Tiger 192 is a relatively new and very fast hash algorithm.
TLS
Transport Layer Security
Tone dialling
Multifrequency code method (MFC)
Transfer internal
code
If you receive an internal call, e.g. from the subscriber with internal
telephone number 22, while you are away, this subscriber's internal
telephone number is stored in your telephone's caller list. However,
because your connection is automatically set to Automatic Outside
Line as a result of the ex works settings, you would first have to dial
** for a callback in order to obtain the internal dialling tone, and then
567
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
22. If "Transfer Internal Code" is active, ** is placed before the 22
and the callback can be made directly from the caller list.
Transmission speed The number of bits per second transmitted in T-Net or T-ISDN from
the PC or fax machine. Fax machines achieve up to 14.4 kbps, modems 56 kbps. In the ISDN, data and fax exchange with 64 kbps is
possible. With T-DSL, up to 8 mbps can be received and up to 768
kbps sent.
TSD
Terminal Selection Digit
TTL
TTL stands for Time to Live and describes the time during which a
data packet is sent between the individual servers before it is discarded.
Twofish
Twofish was a possible candidate for the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard). It is regarded as just as secure as Rijndael (AES),
but is slower.
U-ADSL
Universal Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
UDP
User Datagram Protocol
Update
Update to a software program (PBX firmware). An update is the updated version of an existing software product, and is indicated by a
new version number.
Upload
Data transfer during online connections, where files are transferred
from the user's PC to another PC or to a data network server.
UPnP
Universal Plug and Play
Upstream
Data transmission rate from the client to the ISP.
URL
Universal/Uniform Resource Locator
USB
Universal Serial Bus
User guidance
Electronic user guidance that takes the user through the required
functions of a terminal such as a telephone, answering machine or
fax machine step by step (menu-guided operation).
UUS1 (User to User This function is only possible for system telephones and ISDN teleSignalling 1)
phones.
V.11
568
ITU-T recommendation for balanced dual-current interface lines (up
to 10 mbps).
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
V.24
CCITT and ITU-T recommendation that defines the interface
between a PC or terminal as Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) and a
modem as Data Circuit-terminating Equipment (DCE).
V.28
ITU-T recommendation for unbalanced dual-current interface line.
V.35
ITU-T recommendation for data transmission at 48kbps in the range
from 60 to 108kHz.
V.36
Modem for V.35.
V.42bis
Data compression procedure.
V.90
ITU standard for 56 kbps analogue modems. In contrast to older
V.34 modems, data is sent in digital form to the client when the V.90
standard is used and does not need to be first converted from digital
to analogue on one side of the modem (provider), as was the case
with V.34 and earlier modems. This makes higher transmission
rates possible. A maximum speed of 56 kbps can be achieved only
under optimum conditions.
Vanity
Letter dialling
VDSL
Very high bit rate digital subscriber line (also called VADSL or BDSL).
VID
VLAN ID
VJHC
Van Jacobson Header Compression
VLAN
Virtual LAN
VoIP
Voice over IP
VPN
Virtual Private Network
VSS
Virtual Service Set
WAN
Wide Area Network
WAN interface
WAN interface
WAN partner
Remote station that is reached over a WAN, e.g. ISDN.
Web server
Server that provides documents in HTML format for access over the
Internet (WWW).
Webmail
T-Online service with which e-mails can be sent and received world-
569
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
wide on the Internet by means of a browser.
570
WEP
Wired Equivalent Privacy
Western plug
(also known as RJ-45 plug) Plug used for ISDN terminals with eight
contacts. Developed by the US telephone company Western Bell.
Western plugs for analogue telephones have four or six contacts.
WINIPCFG
A graphical tool on Windows 95, 98 and Millennium that uses Win32
API to view and configure the IP address configuration of computers.
WLAN
A group of computers wirelessly connected to each other (wireless
LAN).
WMM
Wireless multimedia
WPA
Wi-Fi-protected access
WPA Enterprise
Concentrates primarily on the needs of companies and offers secure
encryption and authentication. Uses 802.1x and the Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) and thus offers an effective means of
user authentication.
WPA-PSK
Intended for private users or small businesses that do not run a
central authentication server. PSK stands for Pre-Shared Key and
means that AP and client use a fixed character string (8 to 63 characters) known to all subscribers as the basis for key calculation for
wireless traffic.
WWW
World Wide Web
X.21
The X.21 recommendation defines the physical interface between
two network components in packet-switched data networks (e.g. Datex-P).
X.21bis
The X.21bis recommendation defines the DTE/DCE interface to Vseries synchronous modems.
X.25
An internationally agreed standard protocol that defines the interface
between network components and a packet-switched data network.
X.31
ITU-T recommendation on the integration of X.25-compatible DTEs
in ISDN (D channel).
X.500
ITU-T standards that cover user directory services, see LDAP. Example: The phone book is the directory in which you find people on
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Glossary
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
the basis of their name (agreement with the telephone directory).
The Internet supports several databases with information on users,
such as e-mail addresses, telephone numbers and postal addresses. You can search these databases to obtain information
about individuals.
X.509
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
ITU-T standards that define the format of the certificates and certificate queries and their use.
571
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Index
294 , 316
Modem Init Sequence
147
#
# 114 , 510 , 519
#1, #2, #3 141
A
Access 448
ACCESS_ACCEPT 124
ACCESS_REJECT 124
ACCESS_REQUEST 124
ACCOUNTING_START 124
ACCOUNTING_STOP 124
ACL Mode 205
Action 212 , 212 , 374 , 443 , 491 ,
510 , 517
Action if license not registered 440
Action if server not reachable 440
Active IPSec Tunnels 99
Active Sessions (SIF, RTP, etc... ) 99
Additional Wire Pairs 167
Address 381
Address Mode 177 , 300
Address Range 381
Address Type 381
Administrative Status 322 , 388 , 398
, 405 , 406
ADSL Chipset 163
ADSL Logic 491
ADSL Mode 164
ADSL SyncType 164
Advertisement send interval 481
Alert Service 500
Alive Check 127 , 336 , 341 , 511
All Multicast Groups 242
Allow deleting/editing all routing
entries 222
572
Allowed Addresses 205
Allowed Hotspot Client 475
Always on 268 , 273 , 277 , 285 , 289
, 354 , 361
Always on 263
Answer to client request 468
Antenna Diversity 187
AP MAC Address 212 , 525 , 526
APN (Access Point Name ) 147 , 173
Apply QoS 374
ARP Processing 202
Associated Line 411
ATM Interface 167
ATM PVC 273
ATM Service Category 303
Authentication 266 , 270 , 275 , 280 ,
287 , 291 , 356 , 364
Authentication for PPP Dialin 133
Authentication ID 393 , 398
Authentication Method 332 , 511
Authentication Password 464
Authentication Type 125 , 130
Autoconfiguration on Bootup 153
Autosave Mode 141
AUX Port Status 147
B
Back Route Verify 221 , 325
Based on Ethernet Interface 177
Beacon Period 193
Bearer Service 161
Blacklisted 445
Block after connection failure for 266 ,
270 , 275 , 280 , 287 , 291 , 356 ,
364
Block Time 131 , 336
blocked 260
BOSS 491
BOSS Version 99
Bundle Type 159
Burst size 257
Bytes 511
C
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
CA Certificate 137
CA Certificates 336
Cache Hitrate (%) 427
Cache Hits 427
Cache Size 420
Call Number 283 , 294
Callback 366
Callback Mode 280 , 291
Called Address 405 , 408
Called Address Translation 406 , 407
Called Line 408
Calling Address 405
Calling Address Translation 408
Calling Line 405 , 408
CAPI Server TCP Port 448
Category 443
Certificate is CA Certificate 135
Certificate Request Description 137
Certificate Revocation List (CRL)
Checking 135
Channel 187 , 212 , 515
Channel Bundling 282
Channel Selection 156
Channel Sweep 195
Charge 515 , 516
Class ID 252 , 257
Class map 252
Client Link Description 212 , 525
Client MAC Address 522
Client mode 187
Client Type 301
Clock Mode 156
Clock Rate 167
Code 383
Codec Proposal Sequence 395 , 402
Comfort Noise Generation (CNG) 396
, 403
Common Name 139
Compression 119 , 311 , 314
Configuration Encryption 491
Configuration Interface 114
Configured Speed / Mode 150
Confirm Admin Password 104
Connected 212
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Connection Idle Timeout 263 , 268 ,
273 , 277 , 285 , 289 , 354 , 361
Connection State 249
Connection Type 170 , 277 , 354
Consider 238
Contact 102
Continuity Check (CC) End-to-End
307
Continuity Check (CC) Segment 307
Control Mode 254 , 318
Controlled Interfaces 455
Corrupt Frames Received 519
COS filter (802.1p/Layer 2) 249
Country 139
CPU Usage 99
Create NAT Policy 265 , 269 , 274 ,
278 , 286 , 290 , 355 , 362
CTS frames received in response to an
RTS 519
Current File Name in Flash 491
Current Local Time 106
Current Speed / Mode 150
Current Wildcard MAC Address 528
Custom 139
Custom Time Slots 156
CW Max 193
CW Max. 195
CW Min 193
CW Min. 195
D
D Channel Mode 328
Data Packets Sequence Numbers
352
Data Rate mbps 521 , 522 , 523 , 524
, 525 , 526
Date 509
Day 443
Default Drop Extension 414
Default Ethernet for PPPoE Interfaces
300
Default Route 265 , 269 , 274 , 278 ,
286 , 290 , 310 , 313 , 316 , 323 ,
355 , 362 , 369
573
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Default Route Distribution 234
Delete complete IPSec configuration
346
Description 135 , 145 , 159 , 224 ,
249 , 252 , 257 , 263 , 268 , 273 ,
277 , 285 , 289 , 298 , 310 , 313 ,
316 , 322 , 332 , 339 , 344 , 350 ,
354 , 361 , 369 , 380 , 381 , 383 ,
383 , 386 , 388 , 393 , 398 , 405 ,
408 , 411 , 413 , 438 , 450 , 510 ,
511 , 517 , 519
Destination 374
Destination File Name 491
Destination Interface 242
Destination IP Address 459 , 511
Destination IP Address / Netmask
226 , 249
Destination IP Address/Netmask 217
Destination Port 218
Destination Port Range 383
Destination Port/Range 226 , 249
Details 510
Detection Mode 170
Device Mode 167
DH Group 332
DHCP Broadcast flag 178
DHCP Hostname 178 , 300
DHCP MAC Address 178 , 300
DHCP Options 436
Dial Latency 414
Dialling Number 461
Direction 233 , 252 , 411 , 515 , 516
Distribution Mode 238
Distribution Policy 238
Distribution Ratio 239
DNS Hostname 422
DNS Negotiation 266 , 270 , 275 ,
283 , 287 , 291 , 358 , 365
DNS Requests 427
DNS Server 424
DNS Server Configuration 419
DNS Test 488
Domain 424
Domain at the HotSpot Server 473
574
Domain Name 419
dormant 260
down 260
Downstream 164
Drop non-members 182
Drop untagged frames 182
Dropped 514 , 530
Dropping algorithm 259
DSA Key Status 121
DSCP / TOS Value 218
DSCP/TOS filter (Layer 3) 249
DSP Module 100
DTIM Period 193
Duplicate received MSDUs 519
Duration 515 , 516
Dynamic RADIUS Authentication
347
E
E-mail 139
EAP Preauthentification 203
Echo Cancellation 396 , 403
ED Threshold 193 , 195
Enable authentication 481
Enable BRRP 485
Enable Discovery Server 466
Enable IPSec 346
Enable server 448
Enable update 431
Enable VLAN 183
Encapsulation 298
Encrypted 514
Encryption 131 , 280 , 356 , 364
Encryption Algorithms 120
End-to-End Pending Requests 306
End-to-End Send Interval 306
Entries 283 , 294
Entry active 125 , 130
Errors 511 , 514
Ethernet Interface 480
Ethernet Interface Selection 150
Expire Time 393 , 398
Extended Route 217
Extension / User Name 393
External Address 411
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
External Filename 142 , 143
External Port 390
F
Facility 496
Fallback interface to get DNS server
420
Faxheader 448
File Encoding 142 , 143
Filename 491
Filter 252
Filter Rules 377
Filtered Input Interface(s) 440
Firewall Status 378
First Timeserver 107
Force certificate to be trusted 135
Forward 424
Forward to 424
Forwarded Requests 427
Fragmentation Threshold 193 , 195
Frame transmissions without ACK received 519
G
Garbage Collection Timer 236
Gateway 217 , 436 , 464
Generate Private Key 137
GPRS/UMTS Interface 285
GRE Window Adaption 367
GRE Window Size 367
Group Description 125 , 238
Group ID 455
H
Hashing Algorithms 120
Hello Interval 352
High Priority Class 252
Hold Down Timer 236
Host 424
Host for multiple locations
Host Name 431
HTTP 117
HTTPS 117
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
476
HTTPS TCP Port
429
I
IEEE 802.11d Compliance 187
IGMP Proxy 246
IGMP State Limit 244 , 247
IGMP Status 247
Ignore Certificate Request Payloads
348
IKE (Phase1) 513
IKE (Phase1) SAs 511
Include certificates and keys 491
Incoming ISDN Number 328 , 366
Incoming Number 461
Incoming Service Type 147 , 173
Interface 116 , 118 , 170 , 182 , 217 ,
221 , 224 , 233 , 239 , 244 , 254 ,
318 , 377 , 424 , 431 , 435 , 457 ,
464 , 473 , 515 , 516 , 529 , 530
Interface Action 457
Interface Description 114
Interface is UPnP controlled 468
Interface Leads 170
Interface Mode 177
Interface Type 170 , 393
Interfaces 252
Internal IP Address 390
Internal Port 390
Internal Timeserver 107
Interval 455 , 459
Intra-cell Repeating 202
Invalid DNS Packets 427
IP Accounting 498
IP accounting message format 499
IP Address 233 , 300 , 301 , 422 , 438
, 464 , 480 , 496 , 506 , 521 , 522 ,
528 , 529
IP Address Assignment 323
IP Address Mode 265 , 269 , 274 ,
278 , 286 , 290 , 355 , 362
IP Address Owner 477
IP Address Range 435
IP address to use for DNS/WINS server
assignment 420
575
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
IP Address/Netmask 177
IP Assignment Pool 278 , 290 , 323
IP Assignment Pool (IPCP) 355 , 362
IP Compression 341
IP Pool Name 296 , 345
IP Pool Range 296 , 345
IPSec (Phase2) 513
IPSec (Phase2) SAs 511
IPSec Debug Level 346
IPSec Tunnels 513
ISDN Configuration Type 153
ISDN Line Framing 156
ISDN Login 117
ISDN Mode 413
ISDN Port 161
ISDN Switch Type 153 , 156
ISDN Theft Protection Service 461
ISDN Timeserver 107
ISDN Usage External 99
ISDN Usage Internal 99
K
Key Value
369
L
Language for login window 473 , 476
Last Member Query Interval 244
Last Write Result 464
Layer 2 Mode 170
Layer 4 Protocol 218
LCP Alive Check 266 , 270 , 275 ,
287 , 291 , 311 , 314 , 316 , 356 ,
364
LDAP URL Path 145
Lease Time 436
Level 496 , 509
Licence Key 111 , 441
Licence Serial Number 111
Licence Status 441
License valid until 441
Lifetime 332 , 339
Line Speed 147 , 170
Line Speed Interval 167
576
Local Address 411
Local Certificate 332 , 392 , 429
Local Certificate Description 142 ,
143
Local GRE IP Address 369
Local Hostname 350
Local ID 511
Local ID Type 332
Local ID Value 332
Local IP Address 217 , 265 , 269 ,
274 , 278 , 286 , 290 , 310 , 313 ,
316 , 323 , 352 , 355 , 362 , 369 ,
511
Local Port 511
Local PPTP IP Address 270
Location 102 , 139
Logged Actions 378
Logging Level 119
Logon 529
Long Retry Limit 193 , 195
Loopback End-to-End 306
Loopback Segment 306
Low Latency Transmission 388
M
MAC Address 177 , 300 , 438 , 464 ,
521 , 527 , 528
Mail Exchanger (MX) 432
Management VID 183
Master down trials 481
Matching String 502
Max Receive Lifetime 193
Max Transmit MSDU Lifetime 193
Max. Clients 202
Max. queue size 259
Max. Receive Lifetime 195
Max. Time Period for Active Scan 195
Max. Time Period for Passive Scan
195
Max. Transmission Rate 191
Max. Transmit MSDU Lifetime 195
Maximum Burst Size (MBS) 303
Maximum Groups 247
Maximum Message Level of Syslog
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Entries 102
Maximum Messages per Minute 500
Maximum Number of Accounting Log
Entries 102
Maximum Number of Dialup Retries
266 , 270 , 275 , 280 , 287 , 291
Maximum Number of History Entries
440
Maximum Number of Syslog Entries
102
Maximum Response Time 244
Maximum Retries 352
Maximum Sources 247
Maximum Time between Retries 352
Maximum TTL for Negative Cache
Entries 420
Maximum TTL for Positive Cache
Entries 420
Maximum Upload Speed 254 , 257 ,
318
Maximum upstream bandwidth 164
mbps 518
Media Gateway Status 414
Media Stream Termination 414
Members 380 , 386
Memory Usage 99
Message 509
Message Compression 502
Message Timeout 502
Messages 511
Metric 217
Metric Offset for Active Interfaces 233
Metric Offset for Inactive Interfaces
233
Min. queue size 259
Min. Time Period for Active Scan 195
Min. Time Period for Passive Scan
195
Minimum Time between Retries 352
Mobile phone providers 173
Mode 137 , 212 , 218 , 221 , 244 ,
247 , 283 , 294 , 328 , 332 , 344
Mode / Bridge Group 114
Modem Escape Character 147
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Modem Init Sequence 173
Modem Status 173
Monitored Interface 457
Monitored Interfaces 461 , 507
Monitored IP Address 455
Monitoring Mode 484
MSDUs that could not be transmitted
519
MSN 161
MSN Recognition 161
MTU 369 , 511
Multicast Group Address 242
Multicast MSDUs received
successfully 519
Multicast MSDUs transmitted successfully 519
N
Name 344
NAT active 223
NAT Detection 511
NAT method 224
NAT Traversal 336
Negative Cache 420
Negotiation Type 511
Netmask 217 , 233 , 300 , 301 , 355 ,
464
Network Name (SSID) 202 , 210 , 212
Network Quality 173
Network Type 217
New Destination IP Address/Netmask
228
New Destination Port 228
New File Name 491
New Source Port 228
Nitro Mode 191
Nitro XM 191
No. 221 , 509 , 517
Node Name 464
Noise dBm 521 , 522 , 523 , 524 , 525
, 526
Number of Admitted Connections 324
Number of B Channels 282
Number of Dialling Retries 462
577
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Number of Messages
502
O
OAM Flow Level 305
Operation Band 187
Operation Mode 187
Organisation 139
Organisational Unit 139
OSPF Mode 283 , 311 , 314 , 317 ,
358 , 365
Other Inactivity 379
Outbound Line 406
Outbound Proxy 398
Outgoing Interface 257
Outgoing ISDN Number 328 , 366
Outgoing Number 461
Overbooking allowed 257
P
Packet Size 396 , 403
Packets 511
Passed 514
Password 137 , 142 , 143 , 263 , 268
, 273 , 277 , 285 , 289 , 344 , 350 ,
354 , 361 , 393 , 398 , 431 , 448 ,
491 , 501 , 507
Peak Cell Rate (PCR) 303
Peer Address 322
Peer ID 322
Phase 1 Profile 324
Phase 2 Profile 324
Physical Address 529
Physical Connection 163
Physical Interface - Interface Specifics Link 100
Ping 117
Ping Test 487
Poisoned Reverse 234
Policy 127 , 131
Pool Usage 435
POP3 Server 501
POP3 Timeout 501
Port 393 , 433 , 527 , 528
578
Port Name 153 , 156
Port Usage 153 , 156 , 283 , 294
Portforwardings 223
Positive Cache 420
PPPoE Ethernet Interface 263
PPPoE Interfaces for Multilink 263
PPPoE Mode 263
PPTP Address Mode 270
PPTP Inactivity 379
PPTP Interface 268
PPTP Mode 361
PPTP Passthrough 223
Pre-empt mode (back into master
status) 481
Preferred Network Type 173
Preshared Key 203 , 207 , 210 , 322
Primary 419 , 419
Primary DHCP Server 439
Primary IP Address 477
Priorisation algorithm 254
Prioritize TCP ACK Packets 266 , 270
, 275 , 287 , 291 , 301 , 311 , 314 ,
316 , 356 , 364
Priority 125 , 130 , 257 , 406
Priority queue 257
Privacy 207
Propagate PMTU 341
Proposals 332 , 339
Protocol 226 , 249 , 383 , 388 , 390 ,
393 , 398 , 433 , 496
Protocol Header Size below Layer 3
254
Provider 298 , 431
Provider Name 433
Proxy ARP 178 , 325
Proxy ARP Mode 283 , 294 , 311 ,
314 , 317 , 358 , 365
Proxy Interface 246
PVID 182
Q
QoS Queue 530
Query Interval 244
Queued 530
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Queues/Policies
254
R
RA Encrypt Certificate 137
RA Sign Certificate 137
RADIUS Dialout 127
RADIUS Secret 125
RADIUS Server Group ID 344
Rate 522 , 524 , 526
Real Time Jitter Control 254
Realm 398
Receive Version 230
Received DNS Packets 427
Received MPDUs that couldn't be decrypted 519
Recent System Logs 100
Recipient 502
Region 213
Registrar 398
Registration 393 , 398
Remote GRE IP Address 369
Remote Hostname 350
Remote ID 511
Remote IP Address 351 , 510
Remote MAC 523 , 524
Remote MAC Address 209
Remote Networks 510
Remote Number 515 , 516
Remote Port 390 , 511
Remote PPTP IP Address 270 , 361
Remote PPTP IP Address/Hostname
361
Remote User (for Dialin only) 277
Requested Rate 167
Response 422
Result of Autoconfiguration 153
Retransmission Timer 236
Retries 127
RFC 2091 Variable Timer 234
RFC 2453 Variable Timer 234
RIP UDP Port 234
Roaming Profile 195
Robustness 244
Role 344
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Route Announce 230
Route Entries 265 , 269 , 274 , 278 ,
286 , 290 , 310 , 313 , 316 , 323 ,
355 , 362 , 369
Route Timeout 236
Route Type 217
RSA Key Status 121
RTS frames with no CTS received
519
RTS Threshold 193 , 195
RTT Mode (Realtime Traffic Mode)
257
Rx Bytes 517
Rx Errors 517
Rx Packets 517 , 518 , 521 , 522 ,
523 , 524 , 525
S
Scan channels 195
Scan Interval 195
Scan Threshold 195
SCEP URL 137
Schedule (Start / Stop Time) 443
Schedule Interval 453
Second Timeserver 107
Secondary 419 , 419
Secondary DHCP Server 439
Security Algorithm 510
Security Mode 203 , 210
Segment Pending Requests 306
Segment Send Interval 306
Select action 450
Select file 491
Select interface 450
Select ISDN interface 393
Select radio 450
Selected Ports 366
Selection 383
Send 530
Send Certificate Chains 348
Send Certificate Request Payloads
348
Send CRLs 348
Send information to 507
579
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Send Initial Contact Message 347
Send Key Hash Payloads 348
Send Version 230
Sender E-Mail Address 500
Serial Number 99
Server 433
Server Failures 427
Server IP Address 125 , 130
Server Timeout 127
Service 161 , 226 , 374 , 515 , 516
Session Border Controller Mode 414
Session Timeout 388
Set Date 106
Set Time 106
Severity 502
SHDSL Logic 491
SHDSL Type 167
Short Retry Limit 193 , 195
Show passwords and keys in clear
text 104
Signal 212
Signal dBm 521 , 522 , 523 , 524 ,
525 , 526
Silent Deny 223
SIM Card Uses PIN 147 , 173
SIP Endpoint IP Address 393 , 398
SIP Header Field(s) for Caller
Address 401
SMTP Authentication 501
SMTP Server 501
SNMP 117
SNMP Listen UDP Port 122
SNMP Read Community 104
SNMP Trap Broadcasting 504
SNMP Trap Community 504
SNMP Trap UDP Port 504
SNMP Version 122
SNMP Write Community 104
SNR dB 522 , 526
Sort Order 395 , 402
Source 374
Source File Name 491
Source Interface 218 , 242
Source IP Address 455 , 459
580
Source IP Address / Netmask 226 ,
228 , 249
Source IP Address/Netmask 218
Source Location 450 , 491
Source Port 218 , 226
Source Port Range 383
Source Port/Range 226 , 249
Specific Ports 366
Specify bandwidth 377
Speed Dialing 416
SSH 117
SSH service active 119
Stack 515
Start Mode 324
Start Time 452 , 516
State/Province 139
Status 510 , 513 , 515 , 517
Stop Time 452
Subnet 381
Subscriber Number 153 , 156 , 401
Subsystem 503 , 509
Successfully Answered Queries 427
Summary 139
Sustained Cell Rate (SCR) 303
Switch Port 150
Sync SAs with ISP interface state 347
Synchronisation Mode 485
System Admin Password 104
System Date 99
System Logic 491
System Name 102
T
TACACS+ Secret 130
TCP Inactivity 379
TCP Keepalives 119
TCP Port 131
TCP-MSS Clamping 178
Telnet 117
Terms & Conditions 473
TFTP File Name 450
TFTP Server 450
Third Timeserver 107
Ticket Type 475
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Time 509
Time Condition 452
Time Update Interval 107
Time Update Policy 107
Time Zone 106
Timeout 131 , 462
Timeslot Matrix 159
Timeslot Range 159
Timeslot Selection 159
Timestamp 496
Total 514
Traceroute Test 488
Traffic Priority 374
Traffic shaping 254 , 257 , 377
Transfer Mode 328
Transfer own IP address over ISDN
328
Transmit Key 203 , 207 , 210
Transmit Power 187
Transmit Shaping 164
Transmitted MPDUs 519
Transparent MAC Address 116
Trials 455
Trigger 457
Trunk Line 407
Trunk Mode 398
TTL 422
Tunnel Profile 354
Tx Bytes 517
Tx Errors 517
Tx Packets 517 , 518 , 521 , 522 ,
523 , 524 , 525
Type 249 , 298 , 383 , 405 , 517
Type of Endpoint 390
Type of Messages 496
Type of traffic 224
U
UDP Destination Port 351 , 359 , 507
UDP Inactivity 379
UDP Port 127
UDP Source Port 351
UDP Source Port Selection 359
UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA Status 173
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Unchanged for 517
Unicast MPDUs received successfully
519
Unicast MSDUs transmitted
successfully 519
up 260
Up Time 521 , 522 , 523 , 524 , 525 ,
526
Update Interval 433 , 507
Update Path 433
Update Timer 236
Update URL 450
UPnP Status 469
UPnP TCP Port 469
Upstream 164
Uptime 99
URL 491
URL / IP Address 445
URL Path Depth 440
Usage Area 187
Usage Type 280 , 291
Use key 369
Use PFS Group 339
Use Zero Cookies 347
User Defined Channel Plan 195
User Name 263 , 268 , 273 , 277 ,
285 , 289 , 354 , 361 , 398 , 431 ,
448 , 501 , 529
Users 344
V
Value 519
Vendor Mode 125
Virtual Channel Connection (VCC)
303 , 305
Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI) 298
Virtual Path Connection (VPC) 305
Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) 298
Virtual Router 477
Virtual Router Backup 477
Virtual Router ID 480 , 484 , 485
Virtual Router Interface 480
Virtual Router IP Address 480
Virtual Router Master 477
581
Index
Funkwerk Enterprise Communications GmbH
Virtual Router Priority 480
VLAN ID 177
VLAN Identifier 181
VLAN Members 181
VLAN Name 181
VRRP Advertisement 477
VRRP router 477
W
Walled Garden 473
Walled Garden URL 473
Walled Network / Netmask 473
WDS Description 207 , 523 , 524
Web Filter Status 440
WEP Key 1 - 4 207
WEP Key 1-4 203 , 210
Whitelisted 445
Wildcard 432
Wildcard MAC Address 116
Wildcard Mode 116
Wire Mode 167
Wireless Mode 191
WMM 202
WPA Cipher 203 , 210
WPA Mode 203 , 210
WPA2 Cipher 203 , 210
X
X.31 (X.25 in D Channel)
X.31 TEI Service 155
X.31 TEI Value 155
X.75 Layer 2 Mode 159
XAUTH Profile 324
155
Z
Zero Cookie Size
582
347
R1xxx/R3xxx/R4xxx
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement