null  User manual
RUBY-7720VG2A
Micro-ATX Mainboard
User's Manual
Version 1.0
Copyright © Portwell, Inc., 2009. All rights reserved.
All other brand names are registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Preface
Table of Contents
How to Use This Manual
Chapter 1 System Overview.......................................................................................................1-1
1.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................................. 1-1
1.2 Check List ..................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3 Product Specification .................................................................................................................. 1-2
1.3.1 Mechanical Drawing......................................................................................................... 1-4
1.4 System Architecture .................................................................................................................... 1-5
Chapter 2 Hardware Configuration ...........................................................................................2-1
2.1 Jumper Setting ............................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2 Connector Allocation .................................................................................................................. 2-4
Chapter 3 System Installation....................................................................................................3-1
3.1 Intel® Pentium M / Celeron M Processor .............................................................................. 3-1
3.2 Main Memory .............................................................................................................................. 3-3
3.3 Installing the Single Board Computer ...................................................................................... 3-3
3.3.1 Chipset Component Driver.............................................................................................. 3-4
3.3.2 Intel Integrated Graphics GMCH Chip .......................................................................... 3-4
3.3.3 Realtek Gigabit Ethernet Controller ............................................................................... 3-4
3.3.4 Audio Controller ............................................................................................................... 3-5
3.4 Clear CMOS Operation............................................................................................................... 3-5
3.5 WDT Function.............................................................................................................................. 3-5
3.6 GPIO .............................................................................................................................................. 3-8
3.6.1 Pin assignment................................................................................................................... 3-8
3.6.2 Programming Guide: ........................................................................................................ 3-9
Chapter 4 BIOS Setup Information............................................................................................4-1
4.1 Entering Setup.............................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Main Menu ................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 Standard CMOS Setup Menu .................................................................................................... 4-3
4.4 IDE Adaptors Setup Menu......................................................................................................... 4-5
4.5 Advanced BIOS Features............................................................................................................ 4-6
4.6 Advanced Chipset Features ..................................................................................................... 4-11
4.7 Integrated Peripherals .............................................................................................................. 4-14
4.8 Power Management Setup ....................................................................................................... 4-21
4.9 PnP/PCI Configurations .......................................................................................................... 4-25
4.10 PC Health Status...................................................................................................................... 4-27
4.11 Frequency/Voltage Control................................................................................................... 4-28
4.12 Default Menu ........................................................................................................................... 4-28
4.13 Supervisor/User Password Setting ...................................................................................... 4-29
4.14 Exiting Selection ...................................................................................................................... 4-30
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................5-1
5.1 Hardware Quick Installation ..................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 BIOS Setting.................................................................................................................................. 5-3
5.3 FAQ ............................................................................................................................................... 5-5
Appendix A
Appendix B
Preface
How to Use This Manual
The manual describes how to configure your RUBY-7720VG2A system board to meet
various operating requirements. It is divided into five chapters, with each chapter
addressing a basic concept and operation of Single Host Board.
Chapter 1: System Overview. Presents what you have in the box and give you an
overview of the product specifications and basic system architecture for this series
model of single host board.
Chapter 2: Hardware Configuration. Show the definitions and locations of Jumpers
and Connectors that you can easily configure your system.
Chapter 3: System Installation. Describes how to properly mount the CPU, main
memory and Compact Flash to get a safe installation and provides a programming
guide of Watch Dog Timer function.
Chapter 4: BIOS Setup Information. Specifies the meaning of each setup parameters,
how to get advanced BIOS performance and update new BIOS. In addition, POST
checkpoint list will give users some guidelines of trouble-shooting.
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting. Provide variously of useful tips to quickly get
RUBY-7720VG2A running with success. As basic hardware installation has been
addressed in Chapter 3, this chapter will basically focus on system integration issues,
in terms of backplane setup, BIOS setting, and OS diagnostics.
The content of this manual is subject to change without prior notice. These changes
will be incorporated in new editions of the document. The vendor may make
supplement or change in the products described in this document at any time.
System Overview
Chapter 1
System Overview
1.1
Introduction
RUBY-7720VG2A is a cost-effective Micro-ATX embedded board which takes the
advantages of Intel® Pentium® M/Celeron® M processor and Intel®
915GME/ICH6-M chipset for the applications those need low power consumption or
Fanless solution. With various display interfaces, multiple legacy I/O and dual
Ethernet, RUBY-7720VG2A is capable to provide the most essential functions for the
applications such as Lottery, Gaming, POS, Medical and Digital Signage.
RUBY-7720VG2A can run with Intel Socket 479 Pentium® M / Celeron® M
processors and support two 240-pin DIMM sockets up to 2GB DDR2 Memory. The
onboard SATA and IDE controllers can support 2 SATA devices with data transfer
rates up to 150MB/s and 1 IDE devices with Ultra ATA 33/66/100 synchronous
mode feature. To expand storage using, it also include 1 Type I/II compact flash
socket. The onboard Super I/O chip supports four serial ports; one is RS232/422/485
selectable and three are in RS232 data format. Besides, it can also support dual
display function by VGA, LVDS interfaces.
RUBY-7720VG2A can support one PCI Express X 16 slot, one PCI Express X 1 slot and
two PCI slots. It provides extra One Parallel and one FDD connectors. The onboard
Flash ROM is used to make the BIOS update easier. One 20-pin standard connector is
designed to support ATX power function. All of these features make
RUBY-7720VG2A series excellent in stand-alone applications.
1.2
Check List
The RUBY-7720VG2A package should cover the following basic items
One RUBY-7720VG2A Mini ITX Board
One SATA cable
One IDE cable
One I/O Shield
One Installation Resources CD-Title
If any of these items is damaged or missing, please contact your vendor and keep all
packing materials for future replacement and maintenance.
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
1-1
System Overview
1.3
Product Specification
Main processor
- Support Intel Pentium® M / Celeron® M processor
- FSB: 533/400 MHz
BIOS
Award BIOS
Main Memory
- Support dual-channel & signal channel DDR memory interface
- Up to 2GB DDR2 533/400 SDRAM on two 240pin DIMM sockets
Chipset
INTEL 915GME and ICH6-M
Expansion Interface
- One PCI Express X 16 slot
- One PCI Express X 1 slot
- Two 32-bit PCI expansion slots
IDE Interface
Support only one IDE device (Master) with Ultra DMA/33/66/100
SSD
One Compact Flash® Type I/II socket, support UDMA
SATA Interface
Two SATA connectors, data transfer rates up to 150MB/s
Serial Ports
Support four serial ports, (RS-232selectable x 3, RS-232/422/485 selectable x 1)
IR Interface
IrDA 1.0 compatible
Parallel Port
Support one parallel port
USB Interface
Support eight USB (Universal Serial Bus) ports (four at rear I/O; four ports
internal)
PS/2 Mouse and Keyboard Interface
Support dual 6-pin mini-DIN connector at rear I/O panel for PS/2
keyboard/mouse
Audio Interface
Connector and header of Line-in/Line-out/MIC for external and internal usage
Real-Time Clock/Calendar (RTC)
- Build-in ICH6-M
- Y2K compliant
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
1-2
System Overview
Watchdog Timer
- Support WDT function through software programming for enable/disable and
interval setting
- Generate system reset
On-board VGA
GMCH integrated Intel Graphics Media Accelerator 900 (Intel GMA 900)
On-board Ethernet LAN
Two Gigabit Ethernet (10/100/1000 M bits/sec) LAN port
High Driving GPIO
Programmable 8-bit Digital I/O interface
System Monitoring Feature
Monitor CPU temperature, system temperature and major power sources, etc
Outline Dimension (L X W):
243.8mm (9.6”) X 243.8mm (9.6”)
Power Requirements:
Typical: [email protected]; [email protected]; [email protected]
Operating Temperature:
0°C ~ 55°C
Storage Temperature:
-20°C ~ 80°C
Relative Humidity:
5% ~ 90%, non-condensing
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
1-3
System Overview
1.3.1
Mechanical Drawing
RUBY-7720VG2A Mechanical Drawing
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
1-4
System Overview
1.4
System Architecture
All of details operating relations are shown in RUBY-7720VG2A System Block
Diagram.
RUBY-7720VG2A System Block Diagram
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
1-5
Hardware Configuration
Chapter 2
Hardware Configuration
This chapter gives the definitions and shows the positions of jumpers, headers and
connector. All of the configuration jumpers on RUBY-7720/7721 are in the proper
position. The default settings are indicated with a star sign (Ì).
2.1
Jumper Setting
In the following sections, Short means covering a jumper cap over jumper pins; Open
or N/C (Not Connected) means removing a jumper cap from jumper pins. Users can
refer to Figure 2-1 for the Jumper allocations.
Figure 2-1 RUBY-7720 Jumper and Connector Locations (TOP)
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
2-1
Hardware Configuration
JP1 : COM1 RI Function Setup
JP1
1-2 Short
3-4 Short
5-6 Short
Signal Description
+5V Output
RI Function Ì
+12V Output
JP2 : COM2 RI Function Setup
JP2
1-2 Short
3-4 Short
5-6 Short
Signal Description
+5V Output
RI Function Ì
+12V Output
JP3 : LCD Panel Voltage Setup
JP3
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
+3.3V TFT LCD Ì
+5V TFT LCD
JP4 : LCD Backlight enable Voltage Setup
JP4
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
+3.3V TFT LCD Ì
+5V TFT LCD
JP6 : CMOS Setup
JP6
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
Clear CMOS Setup
Normal (Keep CMOS Setup) Ì
JP7 : COM3 RS232/RS422/RS485 Function Select
COM Function
Jumper setting
RS-232
5-6, 9-11, 10-12, 15-17, 16-18 Ì
RS-422
3-4, 7-9, 8-10, 13-15, 14-16, 21-22
RS-485
1-2, 7-9, 8-10, 19-20
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
2-2
Hardware Configuration
JP8 : COM3 RI Function Setup
JP8
1-2 Short
3-4 Short
5-6 Short
Signal Description
+5V Output
RI Function Ì
+12V Output
JP9 : CF Card Mater/Slave Setup
JP9
1-2 Short
1-2 Open
Signal Description
Master
Slave Ì
JP10 : CPU FSB Setup (this setting is just for RUBY-7720)
JP10
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
FSB 400MHz Ì
FSB 533MHz
JP11 : CPU Type Setup (this setting is just for RUBY-7720)
JP11
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
BANIAS Ì
DOTHAN
JP12 : COM4 RI Function Setup
JP12
1-2 Short
3-4 Short
5-6 Short
Signal Description
+5V Output
RI Function Ì
+12V Output
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
2-3
Hardware Configuration
2.2
Connector Allocation
I/O peripheral devices are connected to the interface connectors
Connector Function List
Connector
J1
J2
J3
J4
J5
J6
J7
J9
J10
J11
J12
J13
J14
J15
J17
J18
J19
J20
J21
J22
J23
J24
J25
J26
J27
J28
J29
J30
J31
J32
J33
J34
Description
VGA Connector (D-SUB 15 Pin female)
COM1 (RS-232) & COM2 (RS-232) (D-SUB9 *2)
PS/2 Keyboard/Mouse Connector
Line-OUT/Line-IN/Microphone connector
LAN2 RJ-45 & USB (2~3) Connector
LAN1 RJ-45 & USB (0~1) Connector
Audio CD-IN Connector
IR Interface (1*6 Pin Header)
LCD LVDS Connector (2*15 Pin Hirose)
Inverter Power Connector (1*5 Pin wafer)
PS/2 Keyboard/Mouse Connector
System Fan1 Connector (1*3 Pin Wafer)
System Panel Connectors (2*5 Pin Header)
PCI Express*16 Slot
USB (4~5) Connector (2*5-1 Pin Header)
USB (6~7) Connector (2*5-1 Pin Header)
PCI Express*1 Slot
GPIO Connector (2*5 Pin Header)
GPIO Connector (2*1 Pin Header)
GPIO Connector (2*1 Pin Header)
CPU Fan Connector (1*3 Pin Wafer)
System Fan2 Connector (1*3 Pin Wafer)
COM4 (RS-232) (2*5-1 Pin Header)
Compact Flash Connector (Vertical type)
COM3 (RS-232) (2*5-1 Pin Header)
Floppy Disk Driver Connector
SATA2 Connector
SATA1 Connector
ATX Power In Connector (2*10 Pin)
Print Port Connector (2*13 Pin Box Header)
Primary IDE Interface Connector (2*20-1 Pin
Box Header)
Compact Flash Connector (Horizontal type)
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Remark
2-4
Hardware Configuration
Pin Assignments of Connectors
J1 : VGA Connector (D-SUB 15 Pin female)
J2 : COM1 (RS-232) & COM2 (RS-232) (D-SUB9 *2)
J3 : PS/2 Keyboard/Mouse Connector
J4 : Line-OUT/Line-IN/Microphone connector
J5 : LAN2 RJ-45 & USB (2~3) Connector
J6 : LAN1 RJ-45 & USB (0~1) Connector
J7 : Audio CD-IN Connector
J9 : IR Interface (1*6 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Signal Description
VCC
NC
IRRX
GND
IRTX
NC
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
2-5
Hardware Configuration
J10 : LCD LVDS Connector (2*15 Pin Hirose)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
Signal Description
+LCD
LVDSA_DATA0
LVDSA_DATA 1
LVDSA_DATA 2
NC
LVDSA_CLKP
NC
GND
LVDSB_DATA 0
LVDSB_DATA 1
LVDSB_DATA 2
NC
LVDSB_CLKP
NC
GND
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
Signal Description
+LCD
LVDSA_DATA#0
LVDSA_DATA#1
LVDSA_DATA#2
NC
LVDSA_CLKM
NC
GND
LVDSB_DATA #0
LVDSB_DATA #1
LVDSB_DATA #2
NC
LVDSB_CLKM
NC
GND
J11 : Inverter Power Connector (1*5 Pin wafer)
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5
Signal Description
VCC
GND
+12V
GND
BACKLIGH_EN
J13 : System Fan1 Connector (1*3 Pin Wafer)
Pin No.
1
2
3
Signal Description
Fan Smart Speed
+12V
Fan Speed Detect
J14 : System Panel Connectors (2*5 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
5VSB CON
RST_SW
VCC3 CON
5VSB CON
GND
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
Power ON_SW
GND
HDD LED
Suspend LED
Power LED
2-6
Hardware Configuration
J15 : PCI Express*16 Slot
J17 : USB (4~5) Connector (2*5-1 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
+ 5V
USB_D4USB_D4+
GND
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
+ 5V
USB_D5USB_D5+
GND
NC
J18 : USB (6~7) Connector (2*5-1 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
+ 5V
USB_D4USB_D4+
GND
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
+ 5V
USB_D5USB_D5+
GND
NC
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
GPO0
GPO1
GPO2
GPO3
+5V
J19 : PCI Express*1 Slot
J20 : GPIO Connector (2*5 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
GPI4
GPI 5
GPI 6
GPI 7
GND
J21 : GPIO Connector (2*1 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
2
Signal Description
GPIO_35
GND
J22 : GPIO Connector (2*1 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
2
Signal Description
GPIO_34
GND
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
2-7
Hardware Configuration
J23 : CPU Fan Connector (1*3 Pin Wafer)
Pin No.
1
2
3
Signal Description
Fan Speed Detect
+5V
GND
J24 : System Fan2 Connector (1*3 Pin Wafer)
Pin No.
1
2
3
Signal Description
Fan Speed Detect
+12V
Fan Speed Detect
J25 : COM4 (RS-232) (2*5-1 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
DCD#4
TXD#4
GND_COM4
RTS#4
V_RI4
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
RXD#4
DTR#4
DSR#4
CTS#4
J26 : Compact Flash Connector (Vertical type)
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Signal Description
GND
DATA 3
DATA 4
DATA 5
DATA 6
DATA 7
HDC_CS0#
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
VCC
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Pin No.
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
Signal Description
N/C
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
HDC_CS1
GROUND
IOR#
IOW#
VCC_COM
IRQ15
VCC
CSEL
N/C
HDD_RESET
IORDY
2-8
Hardware Configuration
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
SA2
SA1
SA0
DATA 0
DATA 1
DATA 2
N/C
N/C
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
SDREQ
SDACK#
HDD_ACTIVE#
PDIAG#
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
GROUND
J27 : COM3 (RS-232) (2*5-1 Pin Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
Signal Description
DCD#4
TXD#4
GND_COM4
RTS#4
V_RI4
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
Signal Description
RXD#4
DTR#4
DSR#4
CTS#4
Pin No.
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Signal Description
+3V3
-12V
GND
Power ON
GND
GND
GND
NC
+5V
+5V
J28 : Floppy Disk Driver Connector
J29 : SATA2 Connector
J30 : SATA1 Connector
J31 : ATX Power In Connector (2*10 Pin)
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Signal Description
+3V3
+3V3
GND
+5V
GND
+5V
GND
PWROK
+5VSB
+12V
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
2-9
Hardware Configuration
J32 : Print Port Connector (2*13 Pin Box Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
Signal Description
STB
PRD0
PRD1
PRD2
PRD3
PRD4
PRD5
PRD6
PRD7
ACK
BUSY
PE
SLCT
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
Signal Description
AFD
ERR
INIT
SLIN
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
J33 : Primary IDE Interface Connector (2*20-1 Pin Box Header)
Pin No.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
Signal Description
RESET#
DATA 7
DATA 6
DATA 5
DATA 4
DATA 3
DATA 2
DATA 1
DATA 0
GROUND
IDE DRQ
IOW#
IOR#
IDE CHRDY
IDE DACK
INTERRUPT
SA1
SA0
HDC CS0#
HDD ACTIVE#
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Pin No.
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
Signal Description
GROUND
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
N/C
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
CABLE SELECT
GROUND
N/C
66DET
SA2
HDC CS1#
GROUND
2-10
Hardware Configuration
J34 : Compact Flash Connector (Horizontal type)
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Signal Description
GND
DATA 3
DATA 4
DATA 5
DATA 6
DATA 7
HDC_CS0#
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
VCC
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
GROUND
SA2
SA1
SA0
DATA 0
DATA 1
DATA 2
N/C
N/C
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Pin No.
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
Signal Description
N/C
DATA 11
DATA 12
DATA 13
DATA 14
DATA 15
HDC_CS1
GROUND
IOR#
IOW#
VCC_COM
IRQ15
VCC
CSEL
N/C
HDD_RESET
IORDY
SDREQ
SDACK#
HDD_ACTIVE#
PDIAG#
DATA 8
DATA 9
DATA 10
GROUND
2-11
System Installation
Chapter 3
System Installation
This chapter provides you with instructions to set up your system. The additional
information is enclosed to help you set up onboard PCI device and handle Watch Dog
Timer (WDT) and operation of GPIO in software programming.
3.1
Intel® Pentium M / Celeron M Processor
Installing Intel mPGA479M CPU Socket
1) Lift the handling lever of CPU socket outwards and upwards to the other end.
2) Align the processor pins with pinholes on the socket. Make sure that the notched
corner or dot mark (pin 1) of the CPU corresponds to the socket’s bevel end. Then
press the CPU gently until it fits into place . If this operation is not easy or smooth,
don’t do it forcibly. You need to check and rebuild the CPU pin uniformly.
PIN 1
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
3-1
System Installation
3) Push down the lever to lock processor chip into the socket once CPU fits.
4) Follow the installation guide of cooling fan or heat sink to mount it on CPU surface
and lock it on the mPGA479M socket.
Removing CPU
1) Unlock the cooling fan first.
2) Lift the lever of CPU socket outwards and upwards to the other end.
3) Carefully lifts up the existing CPU to remove it from the socket.
4) Follow the steps of installing a CPU to change to another one or place handling bar
to close the opened socket.
Configuring System Bus
RUBY-7720VG2A will automatically detect the CPU FSB 400/533MHz used. CPU
speed of Intel Pentium M Processor for Mobile and Celeron M can be detected
automatically.
JP11 : CPU Type Setup
JP11
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
BANIAS(1.8V)
DOTHAN(1.5V)
Note:
Wrong voltage selection may damage the CPU. Please survey the CPU’s type before
setup this jumper setting.
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
3-2
System Installation
JP10 : CPU FSB Setup
JP10
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
FSB 400MHz
FSB 533MHz
Notes:
1) The DDR2 frequency is followed the CPU FSB frequency. For example, the DDR2
module populated is DDR2 533; the CPU must be 533MHz FSB. Please use same
frequency of memory module and CPU.
2) Neither CPU/DDR=533/400 nor 400/533 are allowed. This is the limitation of
915GME chipset.
3.2
Main Memory
RUBY-7720VG2A provide 2 x 240-pin DIMM sockets which supports 1.8V
DDR2-SDRAM as main memory, Non-ECC (Error Checking and Correcting),
non-register functions. The maximum memory size can be up to 2GB capacity.
Memory clock and related settings can be detected by BIOS via SPD interface.
Memory frequency / CPU FSB synchronization
RUBY-7720VG2A supports different memory frequencies depending on the CPU
front side bus and the type of DDR2 DIMM.
CPU FSB
533MHz
400MHz
3.3
Memory Frequency
533/400MHz
400MHz
Installing the Single Board Computer
To install your RUBY-7720VG2A into standard chassis or proprietary environment,
please perform the following:
Step 1 : Check all jumpers setting on proper position
Step 2 : Install and configure CPU and memory module on right position
Step 3 : Place RUBY-7720VG2A into the dedicated position in the system
Step 4 : Attach cables to existing peripheral devices and secure it
WARNING
Please ensure that SBC is properly inserted and fixed by mechanism.
Note:
Please refer to section 3.3.1 to 3.3.4 to install INF/VGA/LAN/Audio drivers.
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System Installation
3.3.1
Chipset Component Driver
The chipset on RUBY-7720VG2A is a new chipset that a few old operating systems
might not be able to recognize. To overcome this compatibility issue, for Windows
Operating Systems such as Windows 2000 /XP, please install its INF before any of
other Drivers are installed. You can find very easily this chipset component driver in
RUBY-7720VG2A CD-title.
3.3.2
Intel Integrated Graphics GMCH Chip
Using GMCH High performance graphic integrated chipset is aimed to gain an
outstanding graphic performance. Shared 64 accompany it to 160MB system
DDRII-DRAM with Total Graphics Memory. This combination makes
RUBY-7720VG2A an excellent piece of multimedia hardware.
With no additional video adaptor, this onboard video will usually be the system
display output. By adjusting the BIOS setting to disable on-board VGA, an add-on
PCI or PCI Express VGA Card can take over the system display.
Please find Intel 915 Graphic driver in the RUBY-7720VG2A CD-title. Drivers support
Windows 2000 / XP.
3.3.3
Realtek Gigabit Ethernet Controller
Drivers Support
Please find Reatlek 8111B LAN driver in /Ethernet directory of RUBY-7720VG2A
CD-title. The drivers support Windows 2000 /XP.
LED Indicator (for LAN status)
RUBY-7720VG2A provides two LED indicators to report Reatlek 8111B Gigabit
Ethernet interface status. Please refer to the table below as a quick reference guide.
Reatlek
8111B
Color
Name of LED
Status
LED
Green
Linked & Active LED
Speed
LED
Orange
Green
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Speed LED
Operation of Ethernet Port
Linked
Active
On
Blinking
Giga
Mbps
100
Mbps
10
Mbps
Orange
Green
Off
3-4
System Installation
3.3.4
Audio Controller
Please find Realtek ALC262 Audio driver form RUBY-7720VG2A CD-title. The
drivers support Windows 2000 /XP.
3.4
Clear CMOS Operation
The following table indicates how to enable/disable Clear CMOS Function hardware
circuit by putting jumpers at proper position.
JP6
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Function
Clear CMOS contents
Normal Operation Ì
To correctly operate CMOS Clear function, users must turn off the system, move JP6
jumper to short pin 1 and 2. Move the JP6 back to 2-3 position (Normal Operation)
and start the system. System will then produce a “CMOS Check Sum Error” message
and hold up. Users may then follow the displayed message to load BIOS default
setting.
3.5
WDT Function
The algorithm of the WDT function can be simply described as a timer counting
process with an output event. The Time-Out period ( Twd ) can be set by software
commands or hardware jumpers that depend on the board circuit design and may be
different among the boards. This timer can be used to monitor a software hang.
RUBY-7720 allows users to control WDT by issuing dynamic software commands.
The WDT starts counting when it is activated. It will cause a system reset once it
expires. Before WDT expires, a refreshing command with a Twd can be issued to
re-count WDT and continue the status monitoring. If the system encounters a
software or application hang, WDT will generate a system reset after its timeout.
The related Control Registers of WDT are included in the following programming
guide that is written in C language. User can write a non-zero value (defined as Twd )
into the Time-out Value Register ( CR_Twd ) to enable WDT. Users can write 0x00 and
then Twd to CR_Twd to refresh WDT. To refresh WDT, the time tolerance of refreshing
interval must be considered. The smaller of Twd, the more deviation of WDT and you
need to include more tolerance. “Let Twd be longer than 2 seconds” is the
recommendation due to the limitation of Winbond W83627HG WDT. You can call
Portwell support center for reference. The value read back from CR_Twd indicates the
counting down value instead of the original Twd. System will be reset after the
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System Installation
Time-out Value to be counted down to zero. Users can directly fill a zero value into
CR_Twd to disable WDT immediately. To ensure a successful access to the desired
Control Register, the following programming guide should be followed.
Programming guide:
CR: Configuration Register.
LD: Logical Device of SIO. There are 11 LDs in W83627HG SIO.
CR00~2F: Global Control Registers. (All LDs share these CRs )
CR07: LD selection.
CR30~FF: Each LD has its own CR30~FF.
There are two I/O ports as I/O access window for configuring WDT,
1) IO port 0x2E is H/W strapped and named as EFIR (Extended Function Index
Register, for identifying CR index number)
2) IO port 0x2F is H/W strapped and named as EFDR (Extended Function Data
Register, for accessing desired CR)
<< How to access W83627HG Configuration Register >>
First, it needs to enter extended function mode.
Enter extended function mode for accessing W83627HG configuration registers:
outportb(EFIR, 0x87);
outportb(EFIR, 0x87); // double IO write
Read Configuration Register CR_rx, and keep this byte to unsigned char al_char
outportb(EFIR, CR_rx ) ;
al_char = inportb(EFDR) ;
Write Configuration Register CR_wx with byte al_char1 ;
outportb(EFIR, CR_wx ) ;
outportb(EFDR, al_char1);
Exit extended mode after completion of configuration register access.
outportb(EFIR, 0xaa);
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System Installation
<< How to access W83627HG WDT Configuration Register >>
Must enter extended function mode first , then follow the following steps for
accessing WDT registers.
Step(1) : CR2B_bit4P0
Initialize the multiplex pin ( pin89 ) to WDTO function
outportb ( EFIR , 0x2B ) ;
// al_char1 : unsigned char
al_char1 = inportb ( EFDR ) & 0xEF ; // CR2B_bit4P0
outportb ( EFIR , 0x2B ) ;
// init pin 89 to WDT
outportb ( EFDR , al_char1 ) ;
Step(2) : CR07_P08
Ponit to LD8.
outportb ( EFIR , 0x07 ) ;
outportb ( EFDR , 0x08 ) ;
Step(3) : LD8_CR30_bit0P1
Activate LD8
outportb ( EFIR , 0x30 ) ;
al_char1 = inportb ( EFDR ) | 0x01 ; // CR30_bit0P1
outportb ( EFIR , 0x30 ) ;
// Activate LD8
outportb ( EFDR , al_char1 ) ;
Step(4) : LD8_CRF7_bit[7,6]P[0,0]
Not allow K/B and Mouse’s interrupts to reload WDT timer.
outportb ( EFIR , 0xF7 ) ;
al_char1 = inportb ( EFDR ) & 0x3F ; // CRF7_bit[7,6]P[0,0]
outportb ( EFIR , 0xF7 ) ;
outportb ( EFDR , al_char1 ) ;
Step(5) : Refresh WDT before it expires.
Once WDT expires , system will be reset.
LD8_CRF5_bit3 : 0 : second unit
1 : minute unit
LD8_CRF6 : Twd , “Writing 00” means “disable WDT”
1~255 time unit( time unit : second, minute )
Notes:
“CR2B_bit4P0“ means ”Write 0 to bit4 of Configuration Register 0x2B”.
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System Installation
3.6
GPIO
J22 : General Purpose Input/Output Interface Connector
There are 8 GPIO pins on RUBY-7720VG2A. GP0, GP1, GP2 and GP3 are dedicated
GPO pins with 100mA current sink capacity at 5V signal level. The output signals
have internal weak pull-high resistance, 4.7K Ohm, to 5V. The GPO signals are
driven by W83627HG SGP0 ~ 3 pins with four inverted gates.
GP4, GP5, GP6 and GP7 are dedicated GPI pins. They are first inverted and then
connected to W83627HG SGP4~7 pins.
Refer to the W83627HG data sheet to configure both input / output port , SGP0~7, by
programming W83627HG GPIO registers. To read/write these 8 GPIO pins is simply
to read /write W83627HG SGP0~7 data register with setting inversed register bits
due to there are inversed logical gates existing between this GPIO connector, J20, and
W83627HG SGP0~7 pins.
3.6.1
Pin assignment
J22 : General Purpose I/O Connector
PIN No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Signal Description
General Purpose Input Port 4
General Purpose Output Port 0
General Purpose Input Port 5
General Purpose Output Port 1
General Purpose Input Port 6
General Purpose Output Port 2
General Purpose Input Port 7
General Purpose Output Port 3
Ground
+5V
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System Installation
3.6.2
Programming Guide:
Must enter extended function mode (Double I/O write 0x87 to EFIR) first, then follow
the following steps for accessing GPIO pins. When completion of GPIO access, Exit
extended mode (I/O write 0xaa to EFIR).
(1) Initialize W83627HG multiplex pins to SGP0~7 function
CR2A_bit[7:3]P[1,1,1,1,1]
outportb ( EFIR , 0x2A ) ;
// al_char1 : unsigned char
al_char1 = inportb ( EFDR ) | 0xF8 ; // CR2A_bit[7:3]P[1,1,1,1,1]
outportb ( EFIR , 0x2A ) ;
// init SGP0~7 function
outportb ( EFDR , al_char1 ) ;
(2) Point to LD7 ( for SGP0~7 GPIO port registers ) and activate its function
CR07_P07
; Point to LD7
outportb ( EFIR , 0x07 ) ;
outportb ( EFDR , 0x07 ) ;
LD7_CR30_bit0P1 ; Activate LD7
outportb ( EFIR , 0x30 ) ;
al_char1 = inportb ( EFDR ) | 0x01 ; // CR30_bit0P1
outportb ( EFIR , 0x30 ) ;
// Activate LD7
outportb ( EFDR , al_char1 ) ;
(3) LD7_CRF2_PFF ; Inverse input/output signals
outportb ( EFIR , 0xF2 ) ;
outportb ( EFDR , 0xFF ) ;
(4) LD7_CRF0_PF0
; Set SGP0~3 as GPO pins and
outportb ( EFIR , 0xF0 ) ; SGP4~7 as GPI pins
outportb ( EFDR , 0xF0 ) ;
(5) LD7_CRF1 ; Data Register for reading/writing data to GPIO pins
; E.g. if put four jumper caps on J20 pin1-2,3-4,5-6,and 7-8
; ( Warning : J20 pin9-10 is not allowed to be short circuit. )
; and then Write [1,0,1,0] to bit[3:0] , you can get [1,0,1,0] from
; bit[7:4].
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BIOS Setup Information
Chapter 4
BIOS Setup Information
RUBY-7720VG2A is equipped with the AWARD BIOS stored in Flash ROM. These
BIOS has a built-in Setup program that allows users to modify the basic system
configuration easily. This type of information is stored in CMOS RAM so that it is
retained during power-off periods. When system is turned on, RUBY-7720VG2A
communicates with peripheral devices and checks its hardware resources against the
configuration information stored in the CMOS memory. If any error is detected, or
the CMOS parameters need to be initially defined, the diagnostic program will
prompt the user to enter the SETUP program. Some errors are significant enough to
abort the start-up.
4.1
Entering Setup
Turn on or reboot the computer. Wait the message “Hit <DEL> if you want to run
SETUP” appears, press <Del> key immediately to enter BIOS setup program.
If the message disappears before you respond, but you still wish to enter Setup,
please restart the system to try “COLD START” again by turning it OFF and then
ON, or touch the "RESET" button. You may also restart from “WARM START” by
pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete> keys simultaneously. If you do not press the
keys at the right time and the system will not boot, an error message will be displayed
and you will again be asked to,
Press <F1> to Run SETUP or Resume
In HIFLEX BIOS setup, you can use the keyboard to choose among options or modify
the system parameters to match the options with your system. The table as below
will show you all of keystroke functions in BIOS setup.
↑↓→ ←
Enter
+ / - /PU /PD
ESC
F1
F2
F5
F6
F7
F9
F10
General Help
: Move
: Select
: Value
: Exit
: General Help
: Item Help
: Previous Values
: Fail-Safe Defaults
: Optimized Defaults
: Menu in BIOS
: Save
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BIOS Setup Information
4.2
Main Menu
Once you enter RUBY-7720VG2A AWARD BIOS CMOS Setup Utility, a Main Menu
is presented. The Main Menu allows user to select from eleven setup functions and
two exit choices. Use arrow keys to switch among items and press <Enter> key to
accept or bring up the sub-menu.
Note:
It is strongly recommended to reload Optimum Setting if CMOS is lost or BIOS is
updated.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.3
Standard CMOS Setup Menu
This setup page includes all the items in standard compatible BIOS. Use the arrow
keys to highlight the item and then use the <PgUp>/<PgDn> or <+>/<-> keys to
select the value or number you want in each item and press <Enter> key to certify it.
Follow command keys in CMOS Setup table to change Date, Time, Drive type, and
Boot Sector Virus Protection Status.
Note:
Oblique parameters are base on memory capacity which user adopts on single board.
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BIOS Setup Information
Menu Selections
Item
Options
Date
mm:dd:yy
Time
IDE Channel 0
Master
IDEChannel 0
Slave
IDE Channel 1
Master
IDE Channel 1
Slave
Video
Halt On
hh:mm:ss
Description
Change the day, month, year and
century
Change the internal clock
Options are in its sub
menu (described in
Table of section 4.4)
Press <Enter> to enter the sub menu of
detailed options
EGA/VGA
CGA 40
CGA 80
MONO
All Errors
No Errors
All But Keyboard
Select the default video device
Base Memory
640K
Extended
Memory
Total Memory
N/A
N/A
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
All Errors: The boot process will halt
on all errors.
No Errors: The POST will not stop of
any type of error.
All But Keyboard: The boot process
will stop for any error except a
keyboard error.
Displays the amount of conventional
memory detected during boot up
Displays the amount of extended
memory detected during boot up
Displays the total memory available in
the system
4-4
BIOS Setup Information
4.4
IDE Adaptors Setup Menu
The IDE adapters control the IDE devices, such as hard disk drive or CD-ROM drive.
It uses a separate sub menu to configure each hard disk drive.
Note:
The oblique items are meaning base on what kind of storage device user employs.
Menu Selections
Item
Options
IDE HDD
Press Enter
Auto-detection
IDE Channel 0/ None
Channel 1
Auto
Master or Slave Manual
Access Mode
Capacity
CHS, LBA
Large, Auto
Auto Display your
disk drive size
Description
Press Enter to auto-detect the HDD on this
channel. If detection is successful, it fills
the remaining fields on this menu.
Selecting ‘manual’ lets you set the
remaining fields on this screen. Selects the
type of fixed disk. "User Type" will let you
select the number of cylinders, heads, etc.
Note: PRECOMP=65535 means NONE !
Choose the access mode for this hard disk
Disk drive capacity (Approximated). Note
that this size is usually slightly greater than
the size of a formatted disk given by a disk
checking program.
The following options are selectable only if the ‘IDE Primary Master’ item is set to
‘Manual’
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BIOS Setup Information
Cylinder
Head
Precomp
Min=0, Max=65535
Min=0, Max=255
Min=0, Max=65535
Landing zone
Sector
Min=0, Max=65535
Min=0, Max=255
4.5
Set the number of cylinders for hard disk
Set the number of read/write heads
**** Warning: Setting a value of 65535
means no hard disk
****
Number of sectors per track
Advanced BIOS Features
This section allows user to configure your system for basic operation. The system’s
default speed, boot-up sequence, keyboard operation, shadowing and security may
be modified accordingly.
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BIOS Setup Information
CPU Feature
Press Enter to configure the settings relevant to CPU Feature.
Delay Prior To Thermal
This field is used to select the time that would force the CPU to a 50% duty cycle
when it exceeds its maximum operating temperature therefore protecting the CPU
and the system board from overheating to ensure a safe computing environment.
Thermal Management
Select a “thermal monitor” in this field to enable the CPU’s speedstep function.
Restart the system then go to the operating system’s “Control Panel”. Double-click
“Power Options”. The “Power Options Properties” dialog box will appear. In the
“Power Schemes” menu, select “Por table/Laptop”. Speedstep reduces the CPU’s
frequency and voltage in accordance to its load.
Thermal Monitor 1 On die throtting.
Thermal Monitor 2 Ratio and VID transition.
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BIOS Setup Information
Hard Disk Boot Priority
Select boot sequence for onboard(or add-on cards) SCSI, RAID, etc.
Use <↑> or <↓> to select a device, then press<+> to move it up, or <-> to move it
down the list.
Press <ESC> to exit this menu.
Virus Warning
Allow you to choose the VIRUS warning feature for IDE Hard Disk boot sector
protection. If this function is enabled and someone attempt to write data into this
area, BIOS will show a warning message on screen and alarm beep.
Enabled
Disabled
Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a
warning message to appear when anything attempts to access the
boot sector or hard disk partition table.
No warning message will appear when anything attempts to access
the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
CPU L1 & L2 Cache
These two categories speed up memory access.
CPU/chipset design.
Enabled
Disabled
However, it depends on
Enable cache
Disable cache
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BIOS Setup Information
Quick Power On Self Test
Allows the system skip certain tests while booting. This will decrease the time needed
to boot the system.
Enabled
Disabled
Enable quick POST
Normal POST
First/Second/Third Boot Device
Select your Boot Device Priority.
The choice: Floppy, LS120, Hard Disk, CDROM, ZIP 100, USB-FDD, USB-ZIP,
USB-CDROM and Disabled.
Boot Other Device
Select your Boot Device Priority.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
LAN PXE Boot
This function decide whether to invoke the PXE Boot ROM of the onboard LAN chip.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Swap Floppy Drive
If the system has two floppy drives, choose enable to assign physical driver B to
logical drive A and Vice-Versa.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Enabled tests floppy drives to determine whether they have 40 or 80 tracks.
The choice: Enables, Disabled.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Select power on state for NumLock.
The choice: Off, On.
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BIOS Setup Information
Gate A20 Option
Fast-lets chipsets control Gate A20 and Normal – a pin in the keyboard controller
controls Gate A20. Default is fast.
The choice: Normal, Fast.
Typematic Rate Setting
Keyboard repeat at a rate determined by the keyboard controller, when enabled, the
typematic delay can be selected.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
※Typematic Rate (Chars/sec)
The rate is which character repeats when you hold down a key at.
The choice: 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, and 30. (Default 6)
※Typematic delay (Msec)
The delay before keystrokes begins to repeat.
The choice: 250, 500, 750, and 1000. (Default 250)
Security Option
Select whether the password is required every time the system boots or only when
you enter setup.
System
Setup
The system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied if the
correct password is not entered at the prompt.
The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied if the correct
password is not entered at the prompt.
Note:
To disable security, select PASSWORD SETTING at Main Menu and then you will be
asked to enter password. Do not type anything and just press <Enter>, it will disable
security. Once the security is disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup
freely.
APIC Mode
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
MPS Version Control For OS
The choice: 1.1, 1.4
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BIOS Setup Information
Small Logo (EPA) Show
Enabled
Disabled
4.6
The EPA logo will appear during system boot-up.
The EPA logo will not appear during system boot-up.
Advanced Chipset Features
This section allows user to configure the system based on the specific features of the
Intel 915GME and ICH6M chipsets for RUBY-7720VG2A. This chipset manages bus
speeds and access to system memory resources, such as DRAM (DDR2 SDRAM) and
the external cache. It must be stated that these items should never need to be altered.
The default settings have been chosen because they provide the best operating
conditions for the system. The only time user might consider making any changes
would be if you discovered that data was being lost while during system operation.
DRAM Timing Selectable
This field is used to select the timing of the DRAM.
The choice: By SPD, Manual.
CAS Latency Time
You can configure CAS latency time in HCLKs as 2 or 2.5 or 3. The system board designer
should set the values in this field, depending on the DRAM installed. Do not change the values
in this field unless you change specifications of the installed DRAM or the installed CPU.
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BIOS Setup Information
DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay
This option allows you to insert a delay between the RAS (Row Address Strobe) and
CAS (Column Address Strobe) signals. This delay occurs when the SDRAM is written
to, read from or refreshed. Reducing the delay improves the performance of the
SDRAM.
DRAM RAS# Precharge
This option sets the number of cycles required for the RAS to accumulate its charge
before the SDRAM refreshes.
Precharge Delay (tRAS)
The options are Auto, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15.
SLP_S4# Assertion Width
The options are 1 to 2 Sec., 2 to 3 Sec., 3 to 4 Sec. and 4 to 5 Sec.
System BIOS Cacheable
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Video BIOS Cacheable
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
PCI Express Root Port Func
Move the cursor to this field and press <Enter>. The following screen will appear.
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BIOS Setup Information
PCI Express Port 1
This field is used to enable or disable the PCI Express port function.
The choice: Auto, Enabled, Disabled.
PCI-E Compliancy Mode
This field is used to select the mode for the PCI Express add-in card.
The choice: v1.0a, v1.0.
On Chip Frame Buffer Size
The choice: 1 MB, 8 MB
DVMT Mode
This field shows the current DVMT mode. When set to Fixed Mode, the graphics
driver will reserve a fixed portion of the system memory as graphics memory. When
set to DVMT Mode, the graphics chip will dynamically allocate system memory as
graphics memory, according to system and graphics requirements. When set to Both
Mode, the graphics driver will allocate a fixed amount of memory as dedicated
graphics memory, as well as allow more system memory to be dynamically allocated
between the graphics processor and the operating system.
The choice: Fixed, DVMT, Both.
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BIOS Setup Information
DVMT/Fixed Memory Size
This field is used to select the graphics memory size used by DVMT/Fixed mode.
The choice: 64MB, 128MB.
Boot Display
The choice: CRT, LVDS, CRT+LVDS.
Panel Scaling
The choice: Auto, On, OFF.
Panel Type
The choice: 640x480 18bit 1ch, 800x600 18bit 1ch, 1024x768 18bit 1ch, 1400x1050 18bit
2ch.
FWH Write Protection
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
4.7
Integrated Peripherals
OnChip IDE Device
Move the cursor to this field and press <Enter>. The following screen will appear.
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BIOS Setup Information
IDE HDD Block Mode
If IDE hard drive supports block mode select Enabled for automatic detection of the
optimal number of block read/writes per sector the drive can support.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
IDE DMA Transfer Access
This field, when Enabled, will enhance the IDE DMA transfer of an IDE hard disk
drive.
On-Chip Primary/Secondary PCI IDE
The choice: Enabled, Disabled
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields allow set a PIO mode (0-4) for
each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface supports. Modes 0
through 4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode, the system
automatically determines the best mode for each device.
The choice: Auto, Mode 0, Mode 1, Mode 2, Mode 3, Mode 4.
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BIOS Setup Information
IDE Primary/Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
Ultra DMA/33/66/100 implementation is possible only if IDE hard drive supports
and the operating environment includes a DMA driver (Windows 95 OSR2 or a
third-party IDE bus master driver). If your hard drive and system software both
support Ultra DMA/33/66/100, select Auto to enable BIOS support.
The choice: Auto, Disabled.
On-Chip Serial ATA
Disabled
Disables the onboard SATA.
Auto
The system will detect the existing SATA and IDE drives then
automatically set them to the available master/slave mode.
Combined Mode
This option allows you to use both IDE and SATA drives;
allowing a maximum of 4 drives 1 IDE Master, 1 IDE Slave and
2 SATA;supporting maximum of 2 drives on each channel.
Enhanced Mode
This option allows you to use both IDE and SATA drives;
allowing a maximum of 4 drives 1 IDE Master, 1 IDE Slave and
2 SATA.
SATA Only
This option automatically sets the SATA drives to Primary
Master mode. Since the SATA drives are in Master mode, you
cannot set the IDE drive to Master mode.
PATA IDE Mode
This field is used to select the function mode of the IDE connector.
Secondary
Slave channel. SATA 1 and SATA 2 serve as Primary Master and
Primary Slave channel.
SATA Port
If the “PATA IDE Mode” field is set to Primary, this field will show “P1, P3 is
Secondary”; meaning SATA 0 and SATA 2 are Secondary.
If the “PATA IDE Mode” field is set to Secondary, this field will show “P0, P2 is
Primary”; meaning SATA 1 and SATA 3 are Primary.
Onboard Device
Move the cursor to this field and press <Enter>. The following screen will appear.
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BIOS Setup Information
USB and USB 2.0 Controller
[Enabled] or [Disabled] universal host controller interface for universal serial bus.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
USB Keyboard/Mouse Support
Legacy support of USB keyboard or mouse.
The choice: Disabled, Enabled.
Azalia/AC97 Audio Select
Enabled
Disabled
Select this option when using the onboard audio CODEC.
Select this option when using a PCI sound card.
The choice: Disabled, Enabled.
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BIOS Setup Information
Super IO Device
Onboard Serial Port 1 and Onboard Serial Port 2
Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and second serial ports.
The choice: Disabled, 3F8/IRQ4, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3, Auto.
UART Mode Select
This item allows users to select Infrared transmission mode.
Normal
Disable Infrared function
IrDA
Select IrDA mode transmission
ASKIR
Select ASKIR mode transmission
※RxD ,TxD Active
This item is to configure Infrared transmission rate. Four options are available:
Hi, Hi
High rate for receiving /High rate for transmitting
Hi, Lo
High rate for receiving /Low rate for transmitting
Lo, Hi
Low rate for receiving /High rate for transmitting
Lo, Lo
Low rate for receiving /Low rate for transmitting
※IR Transmission Delay
This option will be available when IR is enabled.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
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BIOS Setup Information
※UR2 Duplex Mode
The available choices are full duplex mode and half duplex mode.
The choice: Full, Half.
※Use IR Pins
The available choices are IR-Rx2Tx2, RxD2, and TxD2.
The choice: IR-Rx2Tx2, RxD2, TxD2.
PWRON After PWR-Fail
This item allows user to configure the power status of using ATX power supply after
a serious power loss occurs.
On
Off
System automatically restores Power back
System stays at Power-Off
Watch Dog Timer Select
The choice: Disabled, 10,20,30,40 sec, 1, 2, 4 Min.
Onboard Serial Port 3
Allows you to manual select an I/O address for the onboard serial port 3.
The choice: Disabled, 3F8, 2F8, 3E8, 2E8.
Serial Port 3 Use IRQ
Allows you manually select an IRQ for the onboard serial port 3.
The choice: IRQ 10, IRQ11, IRQ 3, IRQ 4, IRQ 5, IRQ7.
Onboard Serial Port 4
Allows you manually select an I/O address for the onboard serial port 4.
The choice: Disabled, 3F8, 2F8, 3E8, 2E8.
Serial Port 4 Use IRQ
Allows you manually select an IRQ for the onboard serial port 4.
The choice: IRQ 10, IRQ11, IRQ 3, IRQ 4, IRQ 5, IRQ7.
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BIOS Setup Information
Onboard Parallel Port
The item allows you configure I/O address of the onboard parallel port.
The choice: 378, 278, 3BC.
Parallel Port Use IRQ
Allows you manually select an IRQ for the onboard Parallel port.
The choice: IRQ 5, IRQ7, IRQ 10, IRQ11.
Parallel Port Mode
There are three different modes for the onboard parallel port.
The choice: SPP, EPP1.9, EPP1.7.
LPT ECP Mode Use DMA
Select the DMA value of the LPT ECP mode.
The choice: 0, 1, 3.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.8
Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows configuration of the system to most effectively
save energy while operating in a manner consistent with your own style of computer
use.
ACPI Function
This item allows you to enable/disable the Advanced Configuration and Power
Management (ACPI).
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
ACPI Suspend Type
To decide which ACPI suspend mode to use.
The choice: S1 (POS)/S3 (STR).
※Run VGA BIOS if S3 Resume
The choice: Auto, Yes, No.
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BIOS Setup Information
Power Management
This category allows selecting the type (or degree) of power saving and is directly
related to “HDD Power Down”, “Suspend Mode”.
There are three selections for Power Management, three of which have fixed mode
settings.
Min Saving
Max Saving
User Define
Minimum power management. Suspend Mode = 1 Hour,
and HDD Power Down = 15 Min.
Maximum power management. Suspend Mode = 1 Min.,
and HDD Power Down = 1 Min.
Allows you to set each mode individually. When not
disabled, Suspend Mode ranges from 1 min. to 1 Hour and
HDD Power Down ranges from 1 Min. to 15 Min.
Video off Method
This determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked.
Blank Screen
V/H SYNC+Blank
DPMS
This option only writes blanks to the video buffer.
This selection will cause the system to turn off the vertical
and horizontal synchronization ports and write blanks to
the video buffer.
Initial display power management signaling.
Video Off In Suspend
This allows user to enable/disable video off in Suspend Mode.
The choice: Yes, No.
Suspend Type
Two options are available: Stop Grant and PWROn Suspend.
The choice: Stop Grant, PwrOn Suspend.
Suspend Mode
When enabled and after the set time of system inactivity, all devices except the CPU
will be shut off.
The choice: Disabled, 1 Min, 2 Min, 4 Min, 8 Min, 12 Min, 20 Min, 30 Min, 40 Min, 1
Hour.
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BIOS Setup Information
HDD Power Down
When enabled and after the set time of system inactivity, the hard disk drive will be
powered down while all other devices remain active.
The choice: Disabled, 1 Min, 2 Min, 3 Min, 4 Min, 5 Min, 6 Min, 7 Min, 8 Min, 9 Min, 10
Min, 11 Min, 12 Min, 13 Min, 14 Min, 15 Min.
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
This item allows users to set the time to remove the power after the power button is
pressed.
The choice: Instant-Off, Delay 4 Sec.
CPU THRM-Throttling
Set the rate of the CPU Thermal-Throttling.
The choice: 75.0%, 50.0%, 25.0%
Wake-up by Onboard Lan
The choice: Enable, Disabled.
Power On by Ring
Select “Enabled”, a system that is at soft-off mode will be alert to Wake-On-Modem.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
※USB KB Wake-Up From S3
The choice: Enabled, Disabled. (Default Disabled)
Resume by Alarm
This item allows users to enable/disable the resume by alarm function. When
“Enabled” is selected, system using ATX power supply could be powered on if a
customized time and day is approached.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
※Date(of Month) Alarm
When “Resume by Alarm” is enabled, this item could allow users to configure the
date parameter of the timing dateline on which to power on the system.
The choice: 0 ~ 31.
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BIOS Setup Information
※Time (hh:mm:ss) Alarm
When “Resume by Alarm” is enabled, this item could allow users to configure the
time parameter of the timing dateline on which to power on the system.
The choice: hh (0~23), mm (0~59), ss (0 ~59).
Primary/Secondary IDE 0/1
This item is to configure IDE devices being monitored by system so as to keep system
out of suspend mode if the associated device is busy.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
FDD, COM, LPT Port
This item is to configure floppy device, COM ports, and parallel port being monitored
by system so as to keep system out of suspend mode if the associated device is busy.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
PCI PIRQ [A-D] #
This option can be used to detect PCI device activities. If they are activities, the
system will go into sleep mode.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.9
PnP/PCI Configurations
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. PCI, or Peripheral Computer
Interconnect, is a system which allows I/O devices to operate at speeds nearing the
speed the CPU itself uses when communicating with its own special components.
This section covers some very technical items and it is strongly recommended that
only experienced users should make any changes to the default settings.
Init Display First
This field is used to select whether to initialize the onboard VGA, PCI Express or PCI
first when the system boots.
The choice: PCI Slot, Onboard.
Reset Configuration Data
Default is disabled. Select Enabled to reset Extended System Configuration Data
(ESCD) when you exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on and the system
reconfiguration has caused such a serious conflict that the OS can not boot.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
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BIOS Setup Information
Resource Controlled By
BIOS can automatically configure the entire boot and plug and play compatible
devices. If set to Auto, IRQ DMA and memory base address fields can not be selected,
since BIOS automatically assigns them.
The choice: Auto (ESCD), Manual.
※IRQ Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt a type,
depending on the type of device using the interrupt.
The choice: Press Enter.
IRQ-3/IRQ-4/IRQ-5/IRQ-7/IRQ-9/IRQ-10/IRQ-11/IRQ-12/IRQ-14/IRQ-15
assigned to.
The choice: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
※DMA Resources
When resources are controlled manually, assign each system interrupt a type,
depending on the type of device using the DMA Resource.
The choice: Press Enter.
DMA-0/DMA-1/DMA-2/DMA-3/DMA-4/DMA-5/DMA-6/DMA-7 assigned to.
The choice: PCI/ISA PnP, Legacy ISA.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
This field determines whether the MPEG ISA/VESA VGA cards can work with
PCI/VGA or not. The default value is Disabled.
The choice: Disabled, Enabled
Maximum Payload Size
Set maximum TLP payload size for the PCI Express devices. The Unit is Byte.
The choice: 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048, and 4096.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.10
PC Health Status
CPU Warning Temperature
This item allows you to set a temperature above which the system will start the
beeping warning. Default setting is disabled. This function will only with “ACPI”
power management and “S3 (STR)” suspends type.
The choices : Disabled, 50℃/122℉, 53℃/127℉, 56℃/133℉, 60℃/140℉, 63℃/145
℉, 66℃/151℉, 70℃/158℉.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.11
Frequency/Voltage Control
Spread Spectrum
This item allows user to enable/disable the spread spectrum modulate.
The choice: Enabled, Disabled.
4.12
Default Menu
Selecting “Defaults” from the main menu shows two options which are described
below,
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
When <Enter> is pressed, a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the BIOS default values for the most stable, minimal-performance
system operations.
Load Optimized Defaults
When <Enter> is pressed, a confirmation dialog box with a message similar to:
Load Optimized Defaults (Y/N) ? N
Pressing ‘Y’ loads the default values that are factory settings for optimal performance
system operations.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.13
Supervisor/User Password Setting
Either supervisor or user password can be setup, or both of then. The differences
between are:
Set Supervisor Password: can enter and change the options of the setup menus.
Set User Password: just can only enter but do not have the right to change the options
of the setup menus. When selecting this function, the following message will appear
at the center of the screen to assist you in creating a password.
ENTER PASSWORD
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The
password typed now will clear any previously entered password from CMOS
memory. You will be asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and
press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a
password.
To disable a password, just press <Enter> when prompted to enter the password. A
message will confirm the password will be disabled. Once the password is disabled,
the system will reboot and Setup can be entered freely.
PASSWORD DISABLED
When a password has been enabled, user will be prompted to enter it every time user
tries to enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of
your system configuration.
Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to request a
password every time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized use
of the computer.
User may determine when the password is required within the BIOS Features Setup
Menu and its Security option (see Section 3). If the Security option is set to “System”,
the password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to “Setup”,
prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup.
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BIOS Setup Information
4.14
Exiting Selection
Save & Exit Setup
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)? Y
Pressing “Y” stores the selections made in the menus in CMOS – a special section of
memory that stays on after system off. During subsequent booting of computer, the
BIOS configures the system according to the Setup selections stored in CMOS. After
saving the values the system is restarted again.
Exit Without Saving
Pressing <Enter> on this item asks for confirmation:
Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? N
This allows user to exit Setup without storing in CMOS any change. The previous
selections remain in effect. This exits the Setup utility and restarts your computer.
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Troubleshooting
Chapter 5
Troubleshooting
This chapter provides a few useful tips to quickly get RUBY-7720VG2A running with
success. As basic hardware installation has been addressed in Chapter 2, this chapter
will primarily focus on system integration issues, in terms of BIOS setting, and OS
diagnostics.
5.1
Hardware Quick Installation
ATX Power Setting
Unlike other Single board computer, RUBY-7720VG2A supports ATX only. Therefore,
there is no other setting that really needs to be set up. However, there are only two
connectors that must be connected—J31 (20 pins Power Connector) Figure.
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
5-1
Troubleshooting
CPU Jumper Setting
JP11 : CPU Type Setup
JP11
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
BANIAS(1.8V)
DOTHAN(1.5V)
JP10 : CPU FSB Setup
JP10
1-2 Short
2-3 Short
Signal Description
FSB 400MHz
FSB 533MHz
Serial ATA Hard Disk Setting for IDE
Each Serial ATA channel can only connect to one SATA hard disk at a time; there are
total two connectors, J29/J30. The installation of Serial ATA is simpler and easier than
IDE, because SATA hard disk doesn’t require setting up Master and Slave, which can
reduce mistake of hardware installation. All you need to do is to plug in two cables
and enable SATA in System BIOS.
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Troubleshooting
5.2
BIOS Setting
It is assumed that users have correctly adopted modules and connected all the
devices cables required before turning on ATX power. CPU, CPU Fan, 240-pin DDR2
SDRAM, keyboard, mouse, floppy drive, SATA hard disk, VGA connector, device
power cables, ATX accessories are good examples that deserve attention. With no
assurance of properly and correctly accommodating these modules and devices, it is
very possible to encounter system failures that result in malfunction of any device.
To make sure that you have a successful start with RUBY-7720VG2A, it is
recommended, when going with the boot-up sequence, to hit “DEL” key and enter
the BIOS setup menu to tune up a stable BIOS configuration so that you can wake up
your system far well.
Loading the default optimal setting
When prompted with the main setup menu, please scroll down to “Load Optimal
Defaults”, press “Enter” and “Y” to load in default optimal BIOS setup. This will
force your BIOS setting back to the initial factory configuration. It is recommended to
do this so you can be sure the system is running with the BIOS setting that Portwell
has highly endorsed. As a matter of fact, users can load the default BIOS setting any
time when system appears to be unstable in boot up sequence.
Auto Detect Hard Disks
In the BIOS => Standard CMOS setup menu, pick up any one from
Primary/Secondary Master/Slave IDE ports, and press “Enter”. Setup the selected
IDE port and its access mode to “Auto”. This will force system to automatically pick
up the IDE devices that are being connected each time system boots up.
Improper disable operation
There are too many occasions where users disable a certain device/feature in one
application through BIOS setting. These variables may not be set back to the original
values when needed. These devices/features will certainly fail to be detected.
When the above conditions happen, it is strongly recommended to check the BIOS
settings. Make sure certain items are set as they should be. These include the COM1/
COM2/COM3/COM4 ports, USB ports, external cache, on-board VGA and Ethernet.
It is also very common that users would like to disable a certain device/port to
release IRQ resource. A few good examples are
Disable COM1 serial port to release IRQ #4
Disable COM2 serial port to release IRQ #3
Etc…
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Troubleshooting
A quick review of the basic IRQ mapping is given below for your reference.
IRQ#
IRQ #0
IRQ #1
IRQ #2
IRQ #3
IRQ #4
IRQ #5
IRQ #6
IRQ #7
IRQ #8
IRQ #9
IRQ #10
IRQ #11
IRQ #12
IRQ #13
IRQ #14
IRQ #15
Description
System Counter
Keyboard
Programmed Controller
COM2
COM1
Network Controller , Multimedia Device , Printer Port (Parallel Port)
Floppy Disk Controller
CMOS Clock
Display Controller , ACPI Controller , USB 1.0/1.1 UHCI Controller
Network Controller , USB 1.0/1.1 UHCI Controller, USB 2.0 EHCI
Controller , COM3/4
SMBus , USB 1.0/1.1 UHCI Controller ,
PS/2 mouse
Data Processor
Primary IDE Controller
It is then very easy to find out which IRQ resource is ready for additional peripherals.
If IRQ resource is not enough, please disable some devices listed above to release
further IRQ numbers.
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Troubleshooting
5.3
FAQ
Unboot problem
Symptom: SBC keeps beeping, and no screen has shown.
Solution: In fact, each beep sound represents different definition of error message.
Please refer to table as following:
Beep sounds
One long beep with one
short beeps
One long beep constantly
One long beep with two
short beeps
Beep rapidly
Meaning
DRAM error
Action
Change DRAM or reinstall it
DRAM error
Monitor or Display
Card error
Power error warning
Change DRAM or reinstall it
Please check Monitor connector
whether it inserts properly
Please check Power mode setting
Symptom: There is neither no beeps nor screen output.
Solution: Indeed, you can do the stand-alone to identify the root cause by isolating
the board from other possible system devices such as PCI device,backplane, and so
on. If the system still cannot boot up, please fill out RMA from which is provides on
Portwell website, and then send back to Portwell as a RMA. Besides, you also visit
RMA site (http://www.portwell.com.tw/rma/login.asp) to check RMA report if
necessary.
Information & Support
Question1: I power on the system, but the CPU speed is not correct. Why?
Answer: If you have ever loaded the BIOS optimal default, thank you for doing so.
Please check CPU FSB/Voltage Reference CPU Jumper Setting(JP10/11)
Question2: What kind of CPU supports?
Answer: Intel Pentium M / Celeron M Processor for Mobile FSB 533/400 MHz series
CPU.
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
5-5
Troubleshooting
Question3: How do I install the OS into SATA HDD when I choose the "Enhanced
Mode" in the BIOS for HDD setting?
Answer: If you are going to use SATA and IDE HDD simultaneously, please follow
the steps below to install OS properly.
Step1: Choose the "Enhanced Mode" in the BIOS
Step2: Connect SATA HDD only
Step3: Install OS
Step4: Connect IDE HDD
Please be noted that you cannot connect SATA and IDE HDD to install OS
at the same time since the OS installation may fail.
Note:
Please visit our technical web site at
http://www.portwell.com.tw
For additional technical information, which is not covered in this manual, you can
mail to [email protected] or you can also send mail to our sales, they wull be
very delighted to forward them to us.
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
5-6
Appendix A
System Memory Address Map
Each On-board device in the system is assigned a set of memory addresses, which
also can be identical of the device. The following table lists the system memory
address used for your reference.
Memory Area
0000-003F
0040-004F
0050-006F
0070-0E2E
0E2F-0F66
0F67-9F7F
9F80-9FFF
A000-AFFF
B000-B7FF
B800-BFFF
C000-CE7F
CE80-EEFF
EF00-EFFF
F000-FFFF
Size
Device Description
1K
Interrupt Area
0.3K
BIOS Data Area
0.5K
System Data
54K
DOS
4.9K
Program Area
576K
[Available]
= Conventional memory ends at 638K =
2K
Extended Bios Area
64K
VGA Graphics
32K
Unused
32K
VGA Text
58K
Video ROM
130K
Unused
4K
ROM
64K
System ROM
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Appendix B
Interrupt Request Lines (IRQ)
Peripheral devices can use interrupt request lines to notify CPU for the service
required. The following table shows the IRQ used by the devices on board.
IRQ#
IRQ 0
IRQ 1
IRQ 2
IRQ 3
IRQ 4
IRQ 5
IRQ 6
IRQ 7
IRQ 8
IRQ 9
IRQ 10
IRQ 11
IRQ 12
IRQ 13
IRQ 14
IRQ 15
Current Use
System ROM
System ROM
[Unassigned]
System ROM
System ROM
[Unassigned]
System ROM
[Unassigne]
System ROM
[Unassigned]
[Unassigned]
[Unassigned]
System ROM
System ROM
System ROM
[Unassigned]
RUBY-7720VG2A User’s Manual
Default Use
System Timer
Keyboard Event
Usable IRQ
COM2
COM1
Usable IRQ
Diskette Event
Usable IRQ
Real-Time Clock
Usable IRQ
Usable IRQ
Usable IRQ
IBM Mouse Event
Coprocessor Error
Hard Disk Event
Usable IRQ
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