Product documentation
Product documentation
DALI gateway
Code: IC00P01DAL
Eelectron S.p.A.
Via Claudio monteverdi, 6
20025 Legnano (MI)
Italia
Telefono +39 0331500802
Fax +39 0331564826
www.eelectron.com
[email protected]
KNX/EIB
Product documentation
Contents
1 Product definition ................................................................................................................ 4
1.1 Product catalogue ........................................................................................................... 4
1.2 Function .......................................................................................................................... 4
2 Installation, electrical connection and operation ............................................................. 6
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
Safety instructions .......................................................................................................... 6
Device components ........................................................................................................ 7
Fitting and electrical connection ..................................................................................... 8
Commissioning ............................................................................................................. 12
Operation ...................................................................................................................... 13
3 Technical data .................................................................................................................... 19
4 Software description ......................................................................................................... 20
4.1 Software specification ................................................................................................... 20
4.2 Software "DALI Gateway IC00P01DAL" ............................................................................... 21
4.2.1 Scope of functions ................................................................................................. 21
4.2.2 Notes on software ................................................................................................. 23
4.2.3 Object table ........................................................................................................... 24
4.2.3.1 Objects for group and single devices ............................................................. 24
4.2.3.2 Objects for scenes and effects ...................................................................... 28
4.2.3.3 Object for emergency lighting ........................................................................ 29
4.2.3.4 Objects for general functions ......................................................................... 31
4.2.4 Functional description ........................................................................................... 36
4.2.4.1 Application basics .......................................................................................... 36
4.2.4.1.1 DALI system and addressing types ........................................................ 36
4.2.4.1.2 DALI emergency lighting systems .......................................................... 47
4.2.4.1.3 ETS plug-in ............................................................................................ 53
4.2.4.2 Description of group- and device-independent functions ............................... 60
4.2.4.2.1 DALI communication .............................................................................. 60
4.2.4.2.2 DALI error messages ............................................................................. 62
4.2.4.2.3 Status and feedbacks ............................................................................. 69
4.2.4.2.4 Global switching status / Standby switch-off .......................................... 73
4.2.4.2.5 Manual operation ................................................................................... 75
4.2.4.2.6 Central function ...................................................................................... 79
4.2.4.3 Description of group and device functions ..................................................... 80
4.2.4.3.1 Definition of the brightness range .......................................................... 80
4.2.4.3.2 Response after a device reset ............................................................... 82
4.2.4.3.3 Supplementary function ......................................................................... 85
4.2.4.3.4 Feedback functions ................................................................................ 88
4.2.4.3.5 Dimming characteristic and dimming behaviour ..................................... 93
4.2.4.3.6 Automatic switch-off ............................................................................... 96
4.2.4.3.7 Switch-on and switch-off behaviour ........................................................ 98
4.2.4.3.8 Staircase function ................................................................................. 101
4.2.4.3.9 Operating hours counter ...................................................................... 110
4.2.4.4 Scene function ............................................................................................. 114
4.2.4.5 Effect function .............................................................................................. 120
4.2.4.6 Emergency lighting ...................................................................................... 127
4.2.4.6.1 General configurations ......................................................................... 127
4.2.4.6.2 Configurations for centrally-supplied emergency lights ........................ 129
4.2.4.6.3 Configurations for single-battery-operated emergency lights ............... 134
4.2.4.7 DALI commissioning .................................................................................... 140
4.2.4.7.1 Starting DALI commissioning ............................................................... 140
4.2.4.7.2 Performing DALI commissioning .......................................................... 142
4.2.4.7.3 Exiting DALI commissioning ................................................................. 154
4.2.4.7.4 Offline commissioning .......................................................................... 157
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KNX/EIB
Product documentation
4.2.4.8 DALI test ...................................................................................................... 159
4.2.4.9 Delivery state ............................................................................................... 166
4.2.5 Parameters .......................................................................................................... 167
4.2.5.1 General parameters ..................................................................................... 167
4.2.5.2 Parameters for manual operation ................................................................ 177
4.2.5.3 Parameters for groups and single devices .................................................. 179
4.2.5.4 Parameters for scenes and effects .............................................................. 203
4.2.5.5 Parameters for emergency lights ................................................................. 208
5 Appendix ........................................................................................................................... 216
5.1 Index ........................................................................................................................... 216
Page 3 of 218
Product definition
1 Product definition
1.1 Product catalogue
Product name: DALI gateway
Use:
Gateway
Design:
RMD (rail-mounted device)
Art. No.
64543020
1.2 Function
The DALI Gateway forms the interface between a KNX installation and a digital DALI (Digital
Addressable Lighting Interface) lighting system. The DALI Gateway allows the switching and
dimming of a maximum of 64 lights with a DALI operating device (e.g. electronic ballast). Up to
6 different addressing types of the DALI Gateway allow group-orientated and individuallyaddress control of DALI lights via KNX telegrams. This allows the integration of room-specific
light control, for example, of open-plan offices, multipurpose spaces, production facilities,
training and presentation rooms or showcases into the higher-level KNX building management.
Depending on the configuration, up to 32 independent DALI groups are available for group
addressing. For alternative control, these can be supplemented with 64 individually-addressable
DALI device channels, as necessary.
Optionally, master control of all connected DALI components is possible (broadcast). This
means that there is no need to commission DALI, meaning that lighting systems with few
functions can be started up quickly and easily (simplified configuration without DALI
commissioning).
Lights or light groups can optionally be integrated in up to 16 scenes, meaning that
preprogrammed static light scenes can be recalled. If necessary, the brightness values of the
scenes can be individually adapted and saved during device operation, allowing the user to
replace the presettings of the ETS.
In particular, for the implementation of dynamic light scenes, it is possible to include lights or
light groups in the effect control of the DALI Gateway. Up to 16 effects are available here, each
with up to 16 effect steps. Each effect step represents an individual light scene. Time-controlled
toggling of the effect steps makes the overall effect dynamic. Brightness sequences can be
implemented using one or more DALI groups, or also using individual DALI devices or scenes.
The DALI Gateway can be integrated into DALI emergency lighting systems. It allows
interference-free operation of operating devices, general lighting systems and emergency
lighting operating devices of the same DALI system. The device is able to integrate standard
DALI operating devices for lighting control according to IEC 62386-101 (DALI System) and
IEC 62386-102 (Control-Gear) into centrally-supplied emergency lighting systems as an
emergency light. Alternatively or in addition, the DALI Gateway permits the control and function
monitoring of individual battery-operated emergency lighting operating devices, according to
IEC 62386-202.
The DALI Gateway permits the separate feedback of the individual switching and brightness
statuses of the DALI groups and single devices to the KNX. In addition, the general DALI state
of operation can be signalled to the KNX (error status, short-circuit, status of the supply
voltage). The function features that are independently adjustable for every light group or each
single device by means of the ETS include, for example, separately configurable brightness
ranges, extended feedback functions, a disabling function, or alternatively, a forced position
function, separately adjustable dimming behaviour, time delays, soft dimming functions, a
staircase function with supplementary functions and an operating hours counter. Moreover, the
brightness values of the groups of single devices in case of bus voltage failure or bus voltage
return and after ETS programming, can be preset separately. Central switching or collective
feedback of all switching states is also possible.
The operating elements (4 pushbuttons) on the front panel of the device allow the DALI light
groups or single devices to be switched on and off or dimmed by manual operation in parallel
with the KNX even without bus voltage or in a non-programmed state (broadcast of all the
connected DALI subscribers). This feature permits fast checking of connected loads for proper
functioning.
In addition, the DALI Gateway is able to check the completeness of the operating devices
integrated into the DALI system. This means that it is possible to detect the replacement of a
Page 4 of 218
Product definition
defective electronic ballast with a new one. The automatic device replacement fulfils this
function as necessary. The Gateway then transmits the configuration data to the new electronic
ballast, fully automatically, without the need to carry out special commissioning. This simplifies
the repair of a DALI system considerably.
The DALI Gateway is configured and commissioned using a plug-in embedded in the ETS. We
recommend using ETS4.1.7 or a more recent version of ETS for programming and
commissioning of this device. Programming and commissioning of the device using ETS3 of
version "d" or higher is also possible. Additional hardware or software is not required for the
configuration and commissioning of the DALI Gateway.
The identification, addressing and assignment of DALI operating devices takes place in the
DALI commissioning environment of the ETS plug-in. Commissioning can be prepared offline in
the parameter configuration if necessary. Offline commissioning is ideal as the preparation for
later complete commissioning, if there is no programming connection to the DALI Gateway or
the DALI operating devices, but group assignment is still to take place. This is normally the case
when the building planning and thus also the Gateway configuration take place earlier than the
commissioning of the DALI Gateway and the DALI system.
The DALI short addresses are always assigned in the parameter configuration of the single
devices and can thus be influenced. With the addition of group and device names, unique
naming of DALI operating devices is possible in this way. Through the transmission of the
unique names to the KNX building visualisation (e.g. control panels), the user is able particularly during error diagnosis - to identify the lighting components easily.
Optionally, the assignment of DALI operating devices to programmed groups or single devices
can be supplemented by testing of the DALI device types. If testing is enabled, the plug-in
compares, during assignment as part of commissioning, the device types determined by the
operating devices with the specifications by the device type parameters. Assignment can only
take place if there is agreement. This will prevent functional incompatibilities after
commissioning.
The DALI Gateway has a compatibility mode for supporting non-DALI-conformant operating
devices. This means that the commissioning process becomes distinctly more tolerant towards
specific DALI commissioning parameters, which means that operating devices not fully
compliant with the DALI specification can be commissioned, possibly subject to functional
restrictions. In addition to this, a DALI telegram rate limit can be activated in the ETS plug-in,
meaning that adaptation to non-DALI-conformant operating devices is possible.
The DALI Gateway is supplied completely via the mains voltage connection and makes the
DALI system voltage (typ. DC 16 V) available. The mains voltage must be switched on to
control the DALI interface or for programming by the ETS.
The device is designed for mounting on DIN rails in closed compact boxes or in power
distributors in fixed installations in dry rooms.
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Installation, electrical connection and operation
2 Installation, electrical connection and operation
2.1 Safety instructions
Electrical equipment may only be installed and fitted by electrically skilled persons. The
applicable accident prevention regulations must be observed.
Failure to observe the instructions may cause damage to the device and result in fire and
other hazards.
Before working on the device or exchanging the connected DALI operating devices,
disconnect it from the power supply (switch off the miniature circuit breaker), otherwise
there is the risk of an electric shock.
The device is not suitable for disconnection from supply voltage.
The DALI control voltage is a functional extra-low voltage (FELV). On installing, ensure
safe isolation between KNX and DALI and mains voltage. A minimum distance of at least
4 mm must be maintained between bus conductors and DALI/mains voltage cores.
The device may not be opened or operated outside the technical specifications.
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Installation, electrical connection and operation
2.2 Device components
(4)
(3)
(5)
ALL
(6)
(2)
(1)
Figure 1: Device components
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
KNX connection
Programming button and LED (red).
Button field for manual control with status LEDs
DALI output (da+, da-)
Connection of mains voltage supply (L, N)
7-segment display to show the DALI group or the single device selected by manual
operation. Disabled in bus operation. In addition, to display additional information:
- -: Signals DALI commissioning phase after an ETS programming operation or mains
voltage return. The display length depends on the number of connected DALI operating
devices (only briefly after mains voltage return).
bc: Display during manual operation in an unprogrammed status (broadcast operation).
Er: Display of incorrect connection to the DALI connection terminals (da+, da-). Mains
voltage connected. DALI Gateway without function. The Gateway is only ready for
operation again when the error has been eliminated and initialisation has been performed
again (mains voltage return).
LE: Signals automatic device replacement.
E: Signals an error during automatic device replacement.
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Installation, electrical connection and operation
2.3 Fitting and electrical connection
DANGER!
Electrical shock when live parts are touched.
Electrical shocks can be fatal.
Before working on the device, disconnect the power supply and cover up live
parts in the working environment.
Fitting the device
o Fit the device by snapping it onto a mounting rail in acc. with EN 60715. The screw
terminals should be at the top.
i A KNX data rail is not required.
i Observe the temperature range (see Technical Data) and ensure sufficient cooling, if
necessary.
Connecting the power supply for the device electronics and DALI interface
ALL
Figure 2: Electrical connection of mains voltage and the DALI interface
o
Connect the mains voltage and the DALI system as shown in the connection example
(Figure 2).
i The DALI system voltage is a functional extra-low voltage (FELV). For this reason, the
DALI interface should be treated as a cable able to carry voltage, in accordance with the
installation instructions. The DALI Gateway supplies the system voltage (typ. DC 16 V).
Carry out the installation work so that, when a DALI area is disconnected, all the mains
voltages of the connected DALI operating device and the mains voltage supply of the DALI
Gateway are switched off.
i DALI devices (max.64) can be connected to various phase conductors (L1, L2, L3).
Page 8 of 218
Installation, electrical connection and operation
i For reasons of clarity during installation, we recommend observing the polarity of the DALI
cable. Observance of the DALI polarity is always dependent on the DALI operating devices
being used.
o If multiple miniature circuit breakers supply dangerous voltages to the device or load,
couple the miniature circuit breakers or label them with a warning, to ensure disconnection
is guaranteed.
o Connect bus line with connecting terminal.
Removing other operating units
DALI subscribers of some manufacturers have extended functions (operation with mains
voltage on the DALI connection). When using the DALI Gateway as a control unit in the DALI
system, any other control sections must be removed from the installation - particularly when
refitting existing systems.
o Remove all the appropriate operating units, or ensure that there are no other control
sections (Figure 3).
ALL O FF
Figure 3: Removing other operating units in the DALI system
i Other control sections could be, for example, DALI central units, DALI potentiometers or
comparable control components. These control sections must also be removed from the
DALI system, in order to avoid system conflicts.
i The DALI Gateway supplies the DALI system voltage. For this reason, it is not permitted to
integrate an additional DALI power supply into the installation, in parallel to the Gateway.
i Only one DALI Gateway may be operated in a closed DALI system.
i If the DALI Gateway detects mains voltage on the DALI connection (da+ and daterminals), then it will cease operation and signal Er in the LED display.
Page 9 of 218
Installation, electrical connection and operation
Operation in emergency lighting systems
The device can be used in decentrally-powered or in centrally-powered emergency lighting
systems. In decentrally-powered emergency light systems, emergency luminaires with individual
batteries and special DALI devices are used.
Depending on the scope of functions of the system, only the emergency lights are supplied by
the central safety power supply (Figure 4), or also the KNX system (Figure 5), or, as a
recommended alternative, additionally by the DALI Gateway (Figure 6). In the latter case, in
emergency operation, the DALI gateway can transmit the appropriate fault messages to a
central system and other DALI gateways in the system.
i Observe the number of DALI devices in the emergency luminaires used.
i The chapter "Software Description" of this product documentation describes the exact
function of the individual connection variants of the DALI Gateway in detail, along with the
necessary configuration.
AC 230 V
AC/DC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
da
DALI
Figure 4: Electrical connection diagram in an emergency lighting system Only DALI emergency lights integrated into the emergency power supply
AC 230 V
AC/DC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
da
DALI
Figure 5: Electrical connection diagram in an emergency lighting system - KNX power supply
and DALI emergency lights integrated into the emergency power supply
Page 10 of 218
Installation, electrical connection and operation
AC 230 V
AC/DC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
da
DALI
Figure 6: Electrical connection diagram in an emergency lighting system - KNX power supply,
DALI emergency lights and DALI Gateway integrated into the emergency power supply
(recommended installation)
Installing / removing the protective cap
To protect the bus lines against hazardous voltages in the area of the connecting terminals, a
protective cap can be installed. The cap is installed with the bus terminal in place and the
connected bus line led out at the rear (Figure 7).
o To install the cap: Slide the cap over the bus connecting terminal until it is heard to engage.
o To remove the cap: Remove the cap by pressing the sides slightly and by pulling it out to
the front.
A
B
Figure 7: Installing / removing the protective cap
Page 11 of 218
Installation, electrical connection and operation
2.4 Commissioning
The device can be put into operation, after mounting of the device Gateway and connection of
the bus line, the mains supply and the DALI cables. The following procedure is generally
recommended...
DANGER!
Electrical shock when live parts are touched.
Electrical shocks can be fatal.
Before working on the device, disconnect the power supply and cover up live
parts in the working environment.
Commissioning the device
o Switch on the mains supply of the Gateway.
o Switch on the bus voltage.
Voltage check: When the programming button is pressed, the red programming LED must
light up.
o Configure and program the physical address with the help of the ETS.
o The DALI Gateway is configured using a plug-in embedded in the ETS database. Start the
plug-in (open the Parameter view) and configure the KNX groups
(cf. Chapter 4 "Software Description"). Do not carry out any DALI commissioning yet.
o Close the plug-in and download the application program using the ETS.
o Restart the plug-in (open the Parameter view) and carry out DALI commissioning (cf.
Chapter 4 "Software Description").
o Close the plug-in to save the DALI configuration in the ETS database. Then, download the
application program again using the ETS.
The DALI Gateway is ready for operation.
i It is not explicitly necessary to carry out DALI commissioning and reprogram the application
program, if the DALI Gateway has been integrated into an existing DALI installation (e.g. on
replacing an old device) and continues to be used with an unchanged DALI configuration
(same short addresses, device types, group assignments, etc.). This is the case, for
example, if a device is copied unchanged in the ETS programming or an XML template is
imported.
i No ETS programming is possible if no mains voltage supply is connected to the DALI
Gateway.
i On closing, the ETS plug-in indicates whether the ETS must reprogram the application
program of the DALI Gateway.
Page 12 of 218
Installation, electrical connection and operation
2.5 Operation
The DALI Gateway offers manual operation to control all the programmed light groups and
single devices. The button field with 4 function keys and 3 status LEDs on the front panel of the
device can be used for setting the following modes of operation...
Bus control: operation from touch sensors or other bus devices
Temporary manual control: manual control locally with keypad, automatic return to bus
control,
Permanent manual control: local manual control with keypad.
i The operating modes can be enabled or disabled by parameter settings in the ETS.
i In manual operation, the groups or single devices cannot be controlled via the bus.
i Manual operation is possible only when the mains voltage supply to the Gateway is
switched on. Manual operation ends in case of bus voltage failure, bus voltage return or
mains voltage failure. Manual operation in broadcast mode (unprogrammed DALI Gateway)
cannot be terminated by a bus voltage failure/bus voltage return.
i In manual mode, bus operation can be disabled via a telegram. Manual control is
terminated on activation of the disabling function.
i Further details concerning manual operation, especially with respect to the possible
parameter settings and the interaction with other functions of the Gateway can be found in
chapter "Software description" of this product documentation.
Controls and indicators for manual control
(14a)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(14b)
(10)
(11) (12)
(13)
Figure 8: Controls and indicators for manual control
(7) Button c
Activation / deactivation of manual control.
(8) LED c:
LED ON indicates permanent manual control.
(9) Button ON/ n:
Brief press: Group/single device ON / Sustained press: Increase brightness of group/single
device.
(10) Status LED ON/ n:
LED ON in manual operation indicates a switched-on group/single device
(brightness: 1...100 %).
(11) Button OFF/ o:
Brief press: Group/single device OFF / Sustained press: Decrease brightness of group/
single device.
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Installation, electrical connection and operation
(12) Status LED OFF/ o:
LED ON in manual operation indicates a switched-off group/single device (brightness:
0 %).
(13) Button ALL OFF:
All DALI subscribers OFF (only in permanent manual operation).
(14) 7-segment display to show the number of a DALI group (14a) or a single device (14b)
selected by manual operation. Disabled in bus operation. In addition, to display additional
information:
- -: Signals DALI commissioning phase after an ETS programming operation or mains
voltage return. The display length depends on the number of connected DALI operating
devices (only briefly after mains voltage return).
bc: Display during manual operation in an unprogrammed status (broadcast operation).
Er: Display of incorrect connection to the DALI connection terminals (da+, da-). Mains
voltage connected. DALI Gateway without function. The Gateway is only ready for
operation again when the error has been eliminated and initialisation has been performed
again (mains voltage return).
LE: Signals automatic device replacement.
E: Signals an error during automatic device replacement.
Priorities
The DALI Gateway distinguishes between different functions that can have an effect on a DALI
Group. In order to prevent conflicting output states, each available function has a certain
priority. The function with the higher priority overrides the one with the lower priority.
1st priority: manual control (highest priority)
2nd priority: Emergency operation
3rd priority: Forced position function or disabling function
4th priority: Direct bus operation ("switching" & "dimming" & "brightness" objects, scenes,
effects central function)
i The priority of the scene and effect function over the disabling or forced position functions
of a group or a single device can be configured. Thus, it is possible for a scene recall or the
start of an effect to override a disabling or forced position function. Alternatively, a scene or
an effect can have a lower priority, meaning that disabling functions or forced positions
cannot be overridden by a scene recall or the start of an effect.
Switch on brief broadcast manual operation
The broadcast manual operation can be used in the unprogrammed state of the DALI Gateway.
As, in this case, missing ETS programming means that no group/individual configurations are
stored in the device, the DALI Gateway, in manual operation, controls the connected DALI
operating devices jointly via a broadcast command.
The DALI Gateway has not yet been programmed by the ETS.
o Press the c button briefly (< 1 second).
bc is displayed in the 7-segment display.
i After 5 seconds without a button being pressed, the Gateway deactivates broadcast
handling.
i Broadcast operation is preset in the delivery state. It can also be reactivated at any time
after a programming operation by the ETS by unloading the application program using the
ETS.
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Installation, electrical connection and operation
Switch off brief broadcast manual operation
The DALI Gateway has not yet been programmed by the ETS.
Temporary broadcast manual operation was activated.
o No button-press for 5 seconds
- or o Press c button.
- or o Switch off the mains voltage supply.
Temporary broadcast manual operation is terminated. The 7-segment display goes out.
i The state set via manual operation is not changed when broadcast manual operation is
switched off.
Switching on permanent broadcast manual operation
The DALI Gateway has not yet been programmed by the ETS.
No broadcast manual operation or temporary broadcast manual operation is activated.
o Press the c button for at least 5 seconds.
The status LED c is illuminated. bc is displayed in the 7-segment display. Permanent
broadcast manual operation is active.
Switching off permanent broadcast manual operation
Permanent broadcast manual operation was active.
o Press c button for at least 5 seconds.
- or o Switch off the mains voltage supply.
Permanent broadcast manual operation is terminated. The Status LED c and the
7-segment display goes out.
i The state set via manual operation is not changed when permanent broadcast manual
operation is switched off.
Operating DALI operating devices in broadcast manual operation
The DALI Gateway has not yet been programmed by the ETS.
Broadcast manual operation (permanent or temporary) is activated.
o Operate the operating devices by pressing the ON/n button or the OFF/o button.
Brief: Joint switch-on/switch-off.
Long: Joint dim brighter/darker.
Long and release: Joint dimming stop.
All the connected DALI operating devices execute the corresponding commands
immediately.
Switching off all the operating devices in broadcast manual operation
Permanent broadcast manual operation is active.
o Press the ALL OFF button.
All the connected DALI operating devices are shut off immediately (Brightness: 0 %). The
operating devices are not locked. Joint activation is possible again after shutoff.
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Installation, electrical connection and operation
i The ALL OFF function is not available in temporary broadcast manual operation.
Switching on the temporary manual control
After the DALI Gateway has been programmed at least one by the ETS, at least one DALI
group or at least one DALI single device is created and configured in the device. In this case,
the created groups and single devices can be controlled individually through manual operation.
Broadcast operation is then deactivated.
The DALI Gateway was programmed at least once before by the ETS.
Manual control is enabled in the ETS.
o Press the c button briefly (< 1 second).
In the 7-segment display, the group number 01 or the single device short address 01. is
displayed.
i After 5 seconds without a button-press, the Gateway returns automatically to bus
operation.
i Broadcast operation is preset in the delivery state. It can also be reactivated at any time
after a programming operation by the ETS by unloading the application program using the
ETS.
Switching off temporary manual operation
Temporary manual control was activated.
o No button-press for 5 seconds
- or o Select all the groups and single devices one after another by a brief press of the c button.
Thereafter, press the c button again.
- or o Switch the mains power supply off or reset the bus (bas voltage return).
Temporary manual control is terminated. The 7-segment display goes out.
i The state set via manual control is not changed when temporary manual control is switched
off. If, however, a forced position or disabling function has been activated via the bus
before or during manual operation, the DALI Gateway executes the disabling or forced
reactions for the groups and single devices concerned.
Switching on permanent manual control
The DALI Gateway was programmed at least once before by the ETS.
Manual control is enabled in the ETS. Bus operation or temporary manual control is active.
o Press c button for at least 5 seconds.
The status LED c is illuminated. In the 7-segment display, the group number 01 or the
single device short address 01. is displayed. Permanent manual control is active:
Switching off permanent manual control
Permanent manual control is active.
o Press c button for at least 5 seconds.
- or o Switch the mains power supply off or reset the bus (bas voltage return).
Permanent manual operation is terminated. The Status LED c and the 7-segment display
goes out.
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Installation, electrical connection and operation
i Depending on the configuration of the Gateway in the ETS, the groups and single devices
will be set to the state last adjusted in the manual mode or to the brightness value internally
tracked (direct operation, forced position / disabling function) when the permanent manual
mode is shut off.
Operating DALI groups or single devices in manual mode
The DALI Gateway was programmed at least once before by the ETS.
Manual control (permanent or temporary) is activated.
o Select the desired group: Press thec button briefly (if necessary, repeatedly).
The 7-segment display shows the number of the selected DALI group or the number of the
selected single device. The Status LEDs ON/ n (1...100 %) or OFF/ o (0 %) in the button
field show the switching state.
o Operate the group or single device by pressing the ON/n button or OFF/o button.
Short: switch on/off.
Long: dim brighter/darker.
Long and release: Stop dimming.
The selected DALI group or the single device executes the corresponding commands
immediately.
Switch off all groups and single devices
Permanent manual control is active:
o Press the ALL OFF button.
All groups and single devices are shut off immediately (Brightness: 0 %). The groups and
single devices are not locked. Individual activation is possible again after shutoff.
i The ALL OFF function is not available in temporary manual operation.
Disabling bus control of individual groups and devices through manual operation
The DALI Gateway was programmed at least once before by the ETS.
Permanent manual control is active:
Disabling of the bus control mode must have been enabled in the ETS.
o Select the group or single device: Press thec button briefly (if necessary, repeatedly).
The 7-segment display shows the number of the selected DALI group or the number of the
selected single device. The Status LEDs ON/ n (1...100 %) or OFF/ o (0 %) in the button
field show the switching state.
o Press the ON/n and the OFF/o buttons simultaneously for at least 5 seconds.
The appropriate group or single device is disabled (no bus operation is possible).
The 7-segment display flashes.
i To unlock, proceed in the same way.
i A group or single device that has been disabled in manual operation can thereafter only be
operated in permanent manual operation.
Performing a DALI device replacement
After starting the automatic device replacement, the DALI Gateway is able to check the
completeness of the previously operated DALI operating devices. If, for example, a defective
DALI electronic ballast was removed by an installation engineer and replaced by a new one, the
DALI Gateway is able to program the new electronic ballast with the programming data of the
Page 17 of 218
Installation, electrical connection and operation
failed electronic ballast. This offers the option of replacing a failed DALI operating device
through simple operation on the device and without configuration work in the ETS.
The DALI Gateway was programmed at least once before by the ETS.
Automatic device replacement must be enabled in the ETS.
Ensure that the bus and mains voltage (also to all DALI operating devices) is switched on.
It is important that the DALI system has been fully commissioned with DALI commissioning.
Only one DALI operating device may fail and be replaced.
The device must be in bus operation (no manual operation active).
o Press the c and ALL OFF buttons simultaneously for approx. 10 seconds.
Automatic device replacement is activated. The length of the operation is dependent on the
number of DALI operating devices in the system. During device replacement, the 7segment display signals LE (Learn). The display goes out after a successful replacement
operation.
i During device replacement, all the other functions of the DALI Gateway are stopped.
During device replacement, the Gateway tracks all the received bus states and evaluates
the most recently tracked values (switching, dimming, brightness value, scenes, effects,
central function, forced position function, disabling function) normally at the end of
automatic device replacement. An active forced position or disabling function is interrupted
by device replacement and reactivated at the end of the replacement operation, if the
functions have not been deactivated via the bus in the interim. The behaviour as at the
beginning of the forced position or disabling function is not executed again.
i Ensure that only one DALI operating device is replaced in the manner described. If multiple
electronic ballasts fail (possibly no mains voltage is switched on) and have been replaced,
then the electronic ballasts cannot be identified clearly by the Gateway and not configured
automatically. In this case, new DALI commissioning by the ETS plug-in is required.
i If an error has occurred during device replacement, the 7-segment display signals E (Error)
for 3 seconds. Perform the operation again, taking the above conditions and information
into account. This signalling also takes place if automatic device replacement was
activated, without having replaced a DALI operating device previously.
Page 18 of 218
Technical data
3 Technical data
General
Mark of approval
Ambient temperature
Storage/transport temperature
Fitting width
Supply
Rated voltage
Mains frequency
Rated voltage
Power consumption
Power loss
DALI
DALI rated voltage
Current
Number of DALI subscribers
DALI transmission rate
DALI protocol
Cable type
Resistivity
Resistivity (simple length)
DALI cable lengths...
with Ø 1.5 mm²
with Ø 1.0 mm²
with Ø 0.75 mm²
with Ø 0.5 mm²
Connection of power supply and DALI
Connection mode
single stranded
finely stranded without conductor sleeve
finely stranded with conductor sleeve
KNX
KNX medium
Commissioning mode
Rated voltage KNX
Power consumption KNX
Connection type for bus
KNX / EIB / VDE
-5 ... +45 °C
-25 ... +70 °C
72 mm / 4 modules
AC 110 ... 240 V ~
50 / 60 Hz
DC 110 ... 240 V
max. 6 W
max. 3 W
DC 16 V (typical)
typ. 128 mA, max. 200 mA for short periods
max. 64
1.2 kbit/s
EN 62386
Sheathed cable 230 V, e,g. NYM
max. 8 Ω
max. 4 Ω
max. 300 m
max. 238 m
max. 174 m
max. 116 m
Screw terminal
0.5 ... 4 mm²
0.5 ... 4 mm²
0.5 ... 2.5 mm²
TP 1
S-mode
DC 21 ... 32 V SELV
typical 150 mW
Connection terminal
Page 19 of 218
Software specification
4 Software description
4.1 Software specification
ETS search paths:
- Illumination / Dimmer / DALI gateway
Configuration:
AST type:
PEI connector:
S-mode standard
"00"Hex / "0" Dec
no connector
Applications:
No. Short description
Name
Version
from mask
version
1
Language variant: German
DALI Gateway
C00D11
1.1 for ETS3 SystemB
of Version d (07B0)
or higher or
ETS4 of
Version
4.1.7 or
higher. Use
of ETS4 is
recommended.
2
Language variant: English
DALI Gateway
C00D12
1.2 for ETS3 SystemB
of Version d (07B0)
or higher or
ETS4 of
Version
4.1.7 or
higher. Use
of ETS4 is
recommended.
Page 20 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Scope of functions
4.2 Software "DALI Gateway IC00P01DAL"
4.2.1 Scope of functions
General:
Switching and dimming of a maximum of 64 lights with a DALI operating device (e.g.
electronic ballast).
Up to 6 different addressing types allow group-orientated and individually-address control
of DALI lights via KNX telegrams.
Up to 32 independent DALI groups are available for group addressing. For alternative
control, these can be supplemented with 64 individually-addressable DALI device
channels, as necessary.
Optional master control of all connected DALI components is possible (broadcast). This
means that there is no need to commission DALI, meaning that lighting systems with few
functions can be started up quickly and easily (simplified configuration without DALI
commissioning).
Manual operation of the groups independently of the bus (also building site operation
possible with broadcast control).
Feedback of DALI error status (1-byte or 2-byte according to the KNX standard) or DALI
short-circuit and message that the supply voltage has failed.
Central switching function.
Collective feedback of all switching states possible.
Incorporation of the groups and single devices into up to 16 light scenes.
Integration of lights or light groups in the effect control for the implementation of dynamic
light scenes. Up to 16 effects are available here, each with up to 16 effect steps.
Group and device-orientated:
Each group and single device offers the full scope of functions without any restrictions. All
channel-oriented functions can be parameterized separately for each group or single
device. This feature permits independent and multi-functional control of the DALI operating
devices.
Feedback of switching and brightness value: Active (transmitting after changes or cyclically
to the bus) or passive (object readout) feedback functions.
Setting of the brightness limit values (minimum brightness, maximum brightness) possible.
Configurable dimming behaviour.
Soft switch-on or soft switch-off function.
Disabling function, or alternatively, forced position function is configurable. During a
disabling function, the flashing of lights and single devices is not possible.
Timing functions (switch-on delay, switch-off delay, staircase lighting timer, also with prewarning function).
Operating hours counter
DALI Power ON level (using parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return") and DALI
system failure level (using parameter "Behaviour in case of bus voltage failure) can be set.
In emergency lighting operation, the DALI system failure level can also be configured
separately.
Behaviour in case of bus voltage failure and bus voltage return as well as after ETS
programming presettable.
Operation of emergency lights:
Integration of the device into the DALI emergency lighting systems. The DALI Gateway is
able to integrate standard DALI operating devices for lighting control according to IEC
62386-101 (DALI System) and IEC 62386-102 (Control-Gear) into centrally-supplied
emergency lighting systems as an emergency light. Alternatively or additionally, the DALI
Gateway permits the control and function monitoring of individual battery-operated
emergency lighting operating devices according to IEC 62386-202.
Scope of the centrally-supplied emergency operation can be configured (only emergency
supply of the DALI system or, additionally, of the KNX system or, additionally, of the DALI
Gateway).
For central supply: Monitoring for the failure of the general power supply.
For central supply: Behaviour at the end of emergency operation can be set.
Page 21 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Scope of functions
-
For central supply and single-battery-operated operating devices: Brightness can be set
separately when emergency operation is active.
For single-battery-operated operating devices: Individual function and continuous operation
test and transmission of test status and test result for each device. Polling of the battery
charging status.
ETS plug-in:
Easy DALI commissioning, without additional software components. The identification,
addressing and assignment of DALI operating devices takes place in the DALI
commissioning environment of the ETS plug-in.
Offline DALI configuration: Assignment of single devices to groups also without
programming connection to the device.
The DALI short addresses can be influenced individually. With the addition of group and
device names, unique naming of DALI operating devices is possible in this way.
Optional testing of the DALI device types when assigning DALI operating devices to
programmed groups or single devices. If testing is enabled, the plug-in compares, during
assignment as part of commissioning, the device types determined by the operating
devices with the specifications by the device type parameters. Assignment can only take
place is there is agreement. This will prevent functional incompatibilities after
commissioning.
Compatibility mode to support non-DALI-conformant operating devices. This means that
the commissioning process becomes distinctly more tolerant towards specific DALI
commissioning parameters, which means that operating devices not fully compliant with the
DALI specification can be commissioned, possibly subject to functional restrictions. In
addition to this, a DALI telegram rate limit can be activated in the ETS plug-in, meaning that
adaptation to non-DALI-conformant operating devices is possible.
Test function of all created DALI groups or individual DALI operating devices: Central
switching ON/OFF, single device test (ON / OFF, brightness specifications, device status),
individual group test (switching, dimming) and scene and effect test.
Export and import of a configuration template in XML format.
Print function to create a configuration report (overview of group assignment or entire
device configuration).
Page 22 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Notes on software
4.2.2 Notes on software
ETS project design and commissioning
We recommend using ETS4.1.7 or a more recent version of ETS for programming and
commissioning of this device. Programming and commissioning of the device using ETS3 of
version "d" or higher is also possible.
Each language variant has its own version of the application program (for example: Version
1.1. = German, 1.2 = English).
Safe-state mode
If the device - for instance as a result of errors in the project design or during commissioning does not work properly, the execution of the loaded application program can be halted by
activating the safe-state mode. The safe-state mode does not permit control of the DALI
operating devices via the KNX. Only broadcast manual operation can be activated. The
Gateway remains passive in safe-state mode, since the application program is not being
executed (state-of-execution: terminated). Only the system software is still functional so that the
ETS diagnosis functions and also programming of the device continue to be possible.
Activating the safe-state mode
o Switch off the mains voltage supply.
o Wait about one minute.
o Press and hold down the programming button.
o Switch on the mains supply. Release the programming button only after the programming
LED starts flashing slowly.
The safe-state mode is activated.
i The safe-state mode can be terminated by switching off the mains voltage supply (again,
wait approx. one minute) or by programming with the ETS.
i The bus voltage does not have to be switched on to activate safe-state mode.
i Even in safe-state mode, a brief press of the programming button can switch the
programming mode on and off as usual. The programming LED then stops flashing, even
though safe-state mode is still active. Safe-state mode must also first be exited, in order to
restore normal operation of the DALI Gateway.
Unloading the application program
The application program can be unloaded with the ETS. In this case, only broadcast manual
operation of the connected DALI operating devices is possible.
Page 23 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
4.2.3 Object table
Number of communication objects:
1544
Number of addresses (max):
1544
Number of assignments (max):
1544
4.2.3.1 Objects for group and single devices
Function:
Object
h
1,...
417,
...1488
Description
Function:
Object
h
2,...
418,
...1489
Description
Function:
Object
h
3,...
419,
...1490
Description
Function:
Object
h
4,...
420,
...1491
Description
Switching
Function
Switching
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.001
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
1-bit object for switching on or off ("1" = switch on; "0" = switch off).
Output, relative dimming
Function
Dimming
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
4-bit
DPT
3.007
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
4-bit object for relative dimming.
Output, absolute dimming
Function
Brightness value
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type DPT
1 byte 5.001
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
1-byte object for predefining an absolute dimming value (brightness value
0…255) from the bus.
Absolute dimming feedback
Function
Feedback
Brightness value
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type DPT
1 byte 5.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)2
1-byte object for feedback signalling of a set dimming value (brightness value
0…255) to the bus.
1: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus will be
read.
2: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "R" flat for passive object.
Page 24 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
Function:
Object
h
5,...
421,
...1492
Description
Function:
Object
h
6,...
422,
...1493
Description
Function:
Object
h
7,...
423,
...1494
Description
Function:
Object
h
8,...
424,
...1495
Description
Function:
Object
h
9,...
425,
...1496
Description
Switching feedback
Function
Feedback
Switching
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
1-bit object for giving feedback on the switching state ("1" = Switched on,
"0" = Switched off) to the bus.
Staircase function
Function
Staircase function
start / stop
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.010
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
2
1-bit object to activate or deactivate the switch-on time of the staircase
function ("1" = switch-on / "0" = switch-off).
Staircase function
Function
Staircase time
Factor
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type DPT
1 byte 5.010
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
2
1-byte object to specify a time factor for the switch-on time of the staircase
function (value range: 0...255).
Operating hours counter
Function
OHC start/limiting value 3
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type DPT
2 byte 7.007
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
2
2-byte object for external specification of a limit value / starting value of the
operating hours counter (value range: 0...65535)
Operating hours counter
Function
OHC restart
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.015
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
2
1-bit object for resetting the operating hours counter ("1" = restart, "0" = no
reaction).
1: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "R" flat for passive object.
2: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus will be
read.
3: Threshold value object or start value object depending on the configured counter type of the
operating hours counter.
Page 25 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
Function:
Object
h
10,...
426,
...1497
Description
Function:
Object
h
11,...
427,
...1498
Description
Function:
Object
h
12,...
430,
...1501
Description
Function:
Object
h
13,...
431,
...1502
Description
Operating hours counter
Function
OHC value
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type DPT
2 byte 7.007
Flag
C, -, T, (R)1
2-byte object to transmit or read out the current counter level of the operating
hours counter.
If the bus voltage should fail, the value of the communication object is not lost
and is actively transmitted to the bus after bus voltage return or an ETS
programming operation. In the as-delivered state, the value is "0".
Operating hours counter
Function
OHC elapsed
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.002
Flag
C, -, T, (R)1
1-bit object to sign that the operating hours counter has elapsed (forwards
counter = limit value reached / backwards counter = value "0" reached). With a
message, the object value is actively transmitted to the bus ("1" = message
active / "0" = message inactive).
If the bus voltage should fail, the value of the communication object is not lost
and is actively transmitted to the bus after bus voltage return or an ETS
programming operation.
Disabling function
Function
Disabling
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.003
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
2
1-bit object for activation and deactivation of the disabling function (polarity
configurable).
Forced position function
Function
Forced position
Name
Group 1...32 /
Single device
1...64
Type
2-bit
DPT
2.001
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
2
2-bit object for activating or deactivating the forced position. The polarity is
fixed by the telegram.
1: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus or by the
device will be read.
2: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus will be
read.
Page 26 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
Function:
Object
h
432,
...1503
Description
Function:
Object
h
433,
...1504
Description
Emergency lighting
Function
Name
Feedbk emerg. operation test Single device
1...64
Type DPT
3 byte --- 1
Flag
C, -, T, R2
3-byte object for bit-orientated provision of the test result of the function and
continuous operation test of a single battery-operated DALI emergency lamp.
The object value is transmitted automatically at the end of the test
(configurable). Alternatively, it can be read out. Refer to the Function
description chapter for information on the exact structure of this object.
Should a test have been cancelled early using the "Emergency operation, test
start / status", then no feedback is transmitted.
This object is only visible when emergency operation is enabled and the
emergency light system allows for single-battery-operated emergency lights.
In addition, the appropriate single device must be configured as a singlebattery-operated emergency light.
Emergency lighting
Function
Emerg operat Test Start/
Status
Name
Single device
1...64
Type DPT
1 byte --- 1
Flag
C, W, T, R2
Bi-directional 1-byte object for starting functional tests for single batteryoperated emergency lighting and for transmitting the test status. The tests can
be started in bit-orientated fashion using "1": Function test (Bit 0), shortened
continuous operation test (Bit 2), continuous operation test (Bit 4), battery test
(Bit 6). Early termination of a test is possible on all bits with the object value
"0".
For as long as a test is running, the corresponding odd bits contain the test
status ("1" = Test running, "0" = Test terminated or not started).
Only one test can be run at any given time. Commands to start a test are
rejected for as long as another test is active.
The object value is transmitted automatically on status changes (configurable).
Alternatively, it can be read out.
This object is only visible when emergency operation is enabled and the
emergency light system allows for single-battery-operated emergency lights.
In addition, the appropriate single device must be configured as a singlebattery-operated emergency light.
1: Non-standardised DP type.
2: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus or by the
device will be read.
Page 27 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
4.2.3.2 Objects for scenes and effects
Function:
Object
h
1505
Function:
Object
1507
...1522
Description
Function:
Object
h
Function
Extension input
Name
Scene
Type DPT
1 byte 18.001
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
Description
h
Scene function
1523
Description
1-byte object for recalling scenes (Bit 7 deleted) or for storing new scene
values (Bit 7 set). Bits 0...6 carry the configurable KNX scene number
(0...63 -> KNX scene number 1...64).
Effect control
Function
Start / Stop
Name
Effect 1...16
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.010
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
1-bit object to start and stop individual effects ("1" = Start effect, "0" = Stop
effect). Effects can run simultaneously and also influence each other, provided
that the same groups, single devices or scenes are integrated in the effect
steps.
Effect control
Function
Extension input
Name
Effects
Type DPT
1 byte 18.001
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
1-bit object to start (Bit 7 deleted) and stop (Bit 7 set) individual effects. Bits
0...6 carry the configurable KNX effect number (0...63 -> KNX effect number
1...64).
1: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus will be
read.
Page 28 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
4.2.3.3 Object for emergency lighting
Function:
Object
h
1538
Description
Function:
Object
h
1539
Description
Function:
Object
h
1540
Description
Emergency lighting
Function
Failure of external supply
Name
Emergency
lighting
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.002
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
Using this 1-bit object, a different KNX bus device (e.g. binary input) can
inform the DALI Gateway that the general mains voltage supply has failed.
With this, the Gateway then activates emergency operation.
"1" = Mains voltage has failed, "0" = Mains voltage available.
To allow telegram transmission and evaluation, the KNX system and the
mains voltage supply of the DALI Gateway must be integrated in the central
emergency power supply.
This object is only visible if a central emergency power supply is configured.
Emergency lighting
Function
Feedback Failure of supply
Name
Emergency
lighting
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.002
Flag
C, -, T, (R)2
Using this 1-bit object, the DALI Gateway can inform other bus devices that
the general mains voltage supply has failed. According to the configuration,
the Gateway obtains the information for this from the object "Failure, external
supply" and/or from the internal failure message of the DALI system. Other
bus devices evaluating this feedback (e.g. other KNX DALI Gateways) can
then respond appropriately and also activate emergency operation.
"1" = Mains voltage has failed, "0" = Mains voltage available.
To allow telegram transmission and evaluation, the KNX system and the
mains power supplies of the DALI Gateway must be integrated in the central
emergency power supply.
This object is only visible if a central emergency power supply is configured.
Emergency lighting
Function
Emergency operation extern
msg
Name
Emergency
lighting
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.003
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
Using this 1-bit object, a different KNX bus device (e.g. another DALI Gateway
/ link to the object "Feedback, supply failure") can inform the DALI Gateway
that emergency operation has been activated. Through this, the Gateway then
activates emergency operation, without having to identify the failure of the
general mains voltage supply itself.
"1" = Mains voltage has failed / Activate emergency operation, "0" = Mains
voltage available / Deactivate emergency operation.
To allow telegram transmission and evaluation, the KNX system and the
mains voltage supply of the DALI Gateway must be integrated in the central
emergency power supply.
This object is only visible if a central emergency power supply is configured.
1: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus will be
read.
2: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus or by the
device will be read.
Page 29 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
Function:
Object
h
1541
Description
Function:
Object
h
1542
Description
Emergency lighting
Function
Feedbk emerg. operation
status
Name
Emergency
lighting
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.002
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
The DALI Gateway uses this 1-bit object to signal that emergency operation
has been activated. This allows other KNX bus devices to be informed about
emergency operation in order to control displays for users (e.g. in a
visualisation) or to carry out further actions (e.g. remote forwarding via the
telephone or IP data network through suitable KNX components).
"1" = Emergency operation active, "0" = Emergency operation inactive.
To allow telegram transmission and evaluation, the KNX system and the
mains power supplies of the DALI Gateway must be integrated in the central
emergency power supply.
This object is only visible if a central emergency power supply is configured.
Emergency lighting
Function
Feedback emerg. lights
overall
Name
Emergency
lighting
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.002
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
The DALI Gateway uses this 1-bit object to signalise the complete status of all
DALI lights integrated into emergency operation (single-battery-operated or
centrally-supplied). If the Gateway only detects a malfunction of only one
operating device or of multiple operating devices, it will set the object value to
"1". Otherwise (error-free system), the object value is set to "0". This allows
the central display of the complete status of a DALI emergency lighting
system, e.g. on a KNX visualisation, meaning that further analyses (e.g.
evaluation of the error statuses or the test results) can be carried out.
The test result of the function, continuous operation and battery tests is used
to identify an error for single-battery-operated emergency lights. The
identification is supplemented by the evaluation of the DALI error status
(always for centrally-supplied DALI operating devices). An error is also present
when the Gateway can no longer set up communication to an operating device
integrated in emergency operation.
1: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "R" flat for passive object.
Page 30 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Object table
4.2.3.4 Objects for general functions
Function:
Object
h
1524
Description
Function:
Object
h
1525
Description
Function:
Object
h
1527
Description
Function:
Object
h
1528
Description
DALI function monitoring
Function
Feedback
Name
Error status in
DALI system
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.002
Flag
C, -, (T).
(R)1
1-bit object for global feedback of errors in the DALI system. The DALI
Gateway polls the error status of all DALI operating devices cyclically. If it
identifies an error, the object value of this object is set to "1". The object value
is "0" if all the operating devices are working without errors. This allows the
central display of the overall error status of a DALI system, e.g. on a KNX
visualisation, meaning that further analyses (e.g. evaluation of the error status
for each DALI operating device) can be carried out.
DALI function monitoring
Function
Indication
Name
Voltage failure in
the DALI system
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.005
Flag
C, -, T, (R)2
1-bit object for signalling a mains voltage failure on the DALI Gateway
("0" = Mains voltage available, "1" = Mains voltage failure).
DALI function monitoring
Function
Indication
Name
Short-circuit in the
DALI system
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.005
Flag
C, -, T, (R)2
1-bit object for signalling a short-circuit on the DALI cable
("0" = No short-circuit, "1" = Short-circuit).
Central function
Function
Switching
Name
Type
Central function for 1-bit
groups and
devices
DPT
1.001
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
3
1-bit object for central switching of assigned DALI groups and channels. The
telegram polarity can be configured.
1: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "R" flat for passive object.
2: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus or by the
device will be read.
3: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus will be
read.
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Function:
Object
h
1529
Function:
Object
1530
Description
Function:
Object
h
Function
Disabling
Name
Manual operation
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.003
Flag
C, W, -, (R)
1
Description
h
Manual operation
1531
Description
1-bit object for disabling the buttons for manual control on the device. The
telegram polarity can be configured.
Manual operation
Function
Status
Name
Manual operation
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.002
Flag
C, -, T, (R)2
1-bit object for manual control status transmission. The object is "0", when
manual control is deactivated (bus control). The object is "1", when manual
control is being activated. You can configure whether the temporary or the
permanent manual control will be indicated as status information or not.
Status signal
Function
Feedback
Name
Standby switch off
DALI/Global
switching status
Type
1-bit
DPT
1.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)3
1-bit object for global feedback of the switching status of all planned DALI
groups and devices. The object value is "1" if at least one DALI group or one
DALI single device is switched on (brightness value > 0). The object value is
"0" if all the DALI groups or DALI single devices are switched off (brightness
value = 0).
Optionally, the object value can be evaluated and transmitted after a delay. If
the delay time is used, this object can be used for standby switch-off of the
DALI system. For this, this object can be connected, for example, to a KNX
switching actuator, which switches the mains power supply of all the DALI
operating devices (not of the DALI Gateway!). If the global switching status is
"0", the actuator will disconnect all the operating devices from the network,
saving electrical energy. The mains voltage is switched on automatically, as
soon as the Gateway is to switch on at least one operating device by DALI
command. The time between the transmission of this feedback (switching on
the mains voltage) and the transmission of the DALI command can be
configured in the ETS (time to restart the DALI devices).
1: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus will be
read.
2: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus or by the
device will be read.
3: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "R" flat for passive object.
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Function:
Object
h
1532
Description
Function:
Object
h
1533
Description
Function:
Object
h
1534
Description
Function:
Object
h
1535
Description
Collective feedback
Function
Feedback switching status
Name
Collective
feedback groups
1-16
Type DPT
4 byte 27.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
4-byte object for collective feedback of individual switching states. The
collective feedback summarises the switching status of the DALI groups 1...16
in just one telegram. The object contains bit-orientated feedback information of
these individual groups.
This object is only visible if the addressing type set in the ETS allows for group
control.
Collective feedback
Function
Feedback switching status
Name
Collective
feedback groups
17-32
Type DPT
4 byte 27.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
4-byte object for collective feedback of individual switching states. The
collective feedback summarises the switching states of the DALI groups
17...32 in just one telegram. The object contains bit-orientated feedback
information of these individual groups.
This object is only visible if the addressing type set in the ETS allows for group
control 1-32.
Collective feedback
Function
Feedback switching status
Name
Collective
feedback single
devices1-16
Type DPT
4 byte 27.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
4-byte object for collective feedback of individual switching states. The
collective feedback summarises the switching status of the DALI single
devices 1...16 in just one telegram. The object contains bit-orientated
feedback information of these single devices.
This object is only visible if the addressing type set in the ETS allows for single
device control.
Collective feedback
Function
Feedback switching status
Name
Collective
feedback single
devices17-32
Type DPT
4 byte 27.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
4-byte object for collective feedback of individual switching states. The
collective feedback summarises the switching states of the DALI single
devices 17...32 in just one telegram. The object contains bit-orientated
feedback information of these single devices.
This object is only visible if the addressing type set in the ETS allows for single
device control.
1: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "R" flat for passive object.
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Function:
Object
h
1536
Description
Function:
Object
h
1537
Description
Function:
Object
h
1543
Description
Collective feedback
Function
Feedback switching status
Name
Collective
feedback single
devices33-48
Type DPT
4 byte 27.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
4-byte object for collective feedback of individual switching states. The
collective feedback summarises the switching status of the DALI single
devices 33...48 in just one telegram. The object contains bit-orientated
feedback information of these single devices.
This object is only visible if the addressing type set in the ETS allows for single
device control.
Collective feedback
Function
Feedback switching status
Name
Collective
feedback single
devices49-64
Type DPT
4 byte 27.001
Flag
C, -, (T),
(R)1
4-byte object for collective feedback of individual switching states. The
collective feedback summarises the switching status of the DALI single
devices 49...64 in just one telegram. The object contains bit-orientated
feedback information of these single devices.
This object is only visible if the addressing type set in the ETS allows for single
device control.
DALI function monitoring
Function
Feedback
Name
Error status per
DALI operating
device
Type DPT
Flag
1 byte 238.600 C, W, T,
(R)2,3
1-byte object to transmit and read out the error status of individual DALI
operating devices connected to the system. The following bit assignment is
used:
Bit 0...5: Number of the DALI operating device (0...63)
Bit 6: Lamp error ("0" = No error, "1" = Error)
Bit 7: Electronic ballast error ("0" = No error, "1" = Error)
When operating as a passive status object, this object can always receive
telegrams (ValueWrite) as a transmission request. A received telegram is
answered immediately by this object (ValueWrite) by transmitting the queried
error status as an answer. In the query telegram, Bits 0...5 must contain the
number of the electronic ballast (number of electronic ballast error status =
short address - 1). Bits 6 and 7 must be set to "1". Otherwise, the query
telegram will be ignored.
1: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "R" flat for passive object.
2: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "S" and "T" flag for passive object.
3: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus or by the
device will be read.
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Function:
Object
h
1544
Description
DALI function monitoring
Function
Feedback
Name
Type DPT
Flag
KNX error status
2 byte 237.600 C, W, T,
per DALI operating
(R)1,2
device
2-byte object to transmit and read out the error status of individual DALI
operating devices connected to the system, according to the KNX standard.
The error states of all the devices of a DALI group can also be transferred or
read out collectively. The following bit assignment is used:
Bit 0...5: Number of the DALI operating device (0...63) or of the DALI group
(0...15).
Bit 6: Address bit ("0" = Individual operating device addressed, "1" = Group
addressed)
Bit 7: Transmission request ("0" = No transmission request / Response or
spontaneous telegram, "1" = Transmission request)
Bit 8: Lamp error ("0" = No error, "1" = Error)
Bit 9: Electronic ballast error ("0" = No error, "1" = Error)
Bit 10: Converter error ("0" = No error, "1" = Error)
When operating as a passive status object, this object can always receive
telegrams (ValueWrite) as a transmission request (Bit 7 = "1"). A received
telegram is answered immediately by this object (ValueWrite) by transmitting
the queried error status as an answer. In the query telegram, Bits 0...5 must
contain the number of the electronic ballast (number of electronic ballast error
status = short address - 1) or that of the group (number of group error status =
DALI group number - 1). Bit 6 must show whether this is single device
addressing or group addressing. The states of Bits 8...10 in the transmission
request are irrelevant.
1: The communication flags are set automatically depending on the configuration. "T" flag for
active object; "S" and "T" flag for passive object.
2: For reading, the R-flag must be set. The last value written to the object via the bus or by the
device will be read.
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4.2.4 Functional description
4.2.4.1 Application basics
4.2.4.1.1 DALI system and addressing types
DALI system
The DALI Gateway forms the interface between a KNX building installation and a DALI (Digital
Addressable Lighting Interface) lighting system. Usually, DALI systems are room-orientated and
cover high functional light management requirements, for example in offices, training or
conference rooms. With these applications, it is often necessary also to integrate the roomorientated DALI system into the multi-building KNX device technology. In this way, not only the
control of the DALI light system using KNX sensor components becomes possible, but also the
integration of the building-side blind, heating and air conditioning systems into the light
management.
Within the system, the DALI Gateway functions as a master control component (master
controller), which also guarantees the power supply of the DALI interface. The DALI operating
devices, e.g. DALI electronic ballasts, work as command receivers (slaves), which only return
states or status messages to the master on request. It is the sole task of the DALI Gateway to
transmit control commands received from the KNX onto the DALI cable and to check the
operating devices. The use of additional DALI control components in multimaster operation, for
example an additional DALI central unit, a DALI potentiometer or push-buttons switching mains
voltage, is superfluous and can, individual cases, lead to malfunctions in the DALI system. For
this reason, it is necessary to remove other control components from the system, particularly
when refitting existing DALI systems. The DALI system is then fully controlled by components of
the KNX (Figure 9).
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group 1
ballast
group 2
ballast
group 3
ballast
ballast
ballast
control
ballast
ballast
feedback &
status
ALL O FF
DALI gateway
visualization
operating
presence
heating / air conditioning /
ventilation
Figure 9: Principle overview of a KNX-DALI system integration (example)
Communication between the KNX system and the DALI interface takes place bidirectionally via
the DALI Gateway. On the one hand, the Gateway receives telegrams from the KNX, which
either influence the brightness status of a DALI group or of individual operating devices directly
(e.g. through switching, dimming, brightness value specification or scene recall) or adjust it
indirectly (e.g. through time, disabling or forced position functions or by recalling effects).
Internally, the DALI Gateway always determines the current brightness states of the groups and
single devices and forwards brightness commands to the DALI operating devices, which then
set themselves to the appropriate brightness. On the other hand, the internally-tracked
switching or brightness states of the groups and single devices can be fed back to the KNX. The
transfer of the status information of the DALI operating devices (lamp error, electronic ballast
error, diagnosis of emergency lights) or the Gateway (mains voltage failure, DALI short-circuit,
emergency operation) to the bus is possible.
Groups or single devices can be optionally integrated into 16 independent scenes. Within a
scene, brightness values can be configured separately in the ETS for each DALI group or for
individual brightness values, or adjusted at any time later during operation using scene memory
telegrams.
In particular, for the implementation of dynamic light scenes, it is possible to include lights or
light groups in the effect control of the DALI Gateway. Up to 16 effects are available here, each
with up to 16 effect steps. Each effect step represents an individual light scene. Time-controlled
toggling of the effect steps makes the overall effect dynamic. Brightness sequences can be
implemented using one or more DALI groups, or also using individual DALI devices or scenes.
Page 37 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
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Addressing types
A DALI system can address a maximum of 64 operating devices, although the Gateway itself
does not count as an operating device. Up to 6 different addressing types allow grouporientated and individually-address control of DALI lights via KNX telegrams. Depending on the
configuration, up to 32 independent DALI groups are available for group addressing. For
alternative control, these can be supplemented with 64 individually-addressable DALI device
channels, as necessary...
-
Master control:
With master control, all the connected DALI components are controlled by a broadcast
command (Figure 10). This means that there is no need to commission DALI, meaning that
lighting systems with few functions can be started up quickly and easily (simplified
configuration without DALI commissioning). With central addressing, some functions are
not available (no emergency lights can be contacted, no error status read out, no collective
feedback).
Central control
Figure 10: Example of a master control (broadcast) - Only one group
Page 38 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
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-
Group control 1...16:
During DALI commissioning (see page 140-141)or offline configuration (see
page 157-158), the max. 64 DALI operating devices are assigned to any different groups of
the Gateway. For this any number of DALI operating devices can be assigned to each
group (1...16).
On the DALI side, addressing takes place using group addresses, which the Gateway
configures invisibly for the user and manages on its own. During DALI commissioning, the
operating devices concerned are automatically programmed accordingly. Through the use
of group addresses (multicast), the reaction time of the DALI subscribers in this type of
addressing is short - particularly in large-scale systems.
In the planning example (Figure 11), each of the lights shown has a DALI operating device.
Four lights are in the same group. The lights combined in this way can be controlled jointly
using the KNX.
Group 3
Group 2
Group 1
Figure 11: Example of group control with three groups - all lights with group addressing
Page 39 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Functional description
-
Group control 1...32:
In this addressing type too, during DALI commissioning or offline configuration, the max. 64
DALI operating devices are assigned to different groups of the Gateway. For this, any
number of DALI operating devices can be assigned to groups 1...16. On the DALI side,
addressing takes place using group addresses, meaning that the reaction time of the DALI
subscribers in groups 1...16 is short.
In contrast, only up to two DALI operating devices can be assigned to groups 17...32. Since
there are no DALI group addresses for these groups, DALI addressing takes place using
the device short addresses, which means that the operating devices are addressed, and
thus contacted, individually. In particular, in large systems with multiple subscribers
addressed by short address, the reaction time is slower than with group addressing, as
addressing takes place individually and in sequence.
In the planning example (Figure 12), each of the lights shown has a DALI operating device.
In the right-hand and middle areas of the room are two groups, each with four lights. Here,
use of groups 1...16 is advisable. In another area of the room, a total of four lights is
integrated into two further groups. Each of these groups contains two lights. Here, use of
groups 17...32 is advisable, in particular if the lower groups are to comprise multiple
operating devices (e.g. in other rooms). When integrating up to two lights into a group, it is
wise to use groups 17...32, provided that no fast reaction times are expected.
If this addressing type is used, the integration of two operating devices each in up to 32
groups allows addressing of 64 subscribers via group control.
i The device short addresses are always assigned in the parameter configuration of the
single devices and can thus be influenced. Short addresses must be unique. This means
that addresses may not appear multiple times in a DALI system. The ETS plug-in of the
DALI Gateway checks the editing of short addresses and checks that they are unique.
Page 40 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Functional description
Group 17
Group 2
Group 1
Group 18
Figure 12: Example of group control with four groups Lights in groups 17 and 18 with individual addresses
-
Group control 1...16 and group control 1...64:
In this addressing type, the operating devices in groups 1...16 are controlled using DALI
group addresses, as described above for group control. In addition, other DALI operating
devices can be addressed individually as single devices. The addressing of these devices
takes place individually using the device short addresses.
In the planning example (Figure 13), each of the lights shown has a DALI operating device.
In the right-hand and middle areas of the room are two groups. Here, use of groups 1...16
is advisable. In another area of the room, two more lights are installed, each of which is to
be controlled separately. Here, use of single addressing is advisable.
i DALI operating devices can either be integrated only in single device addressing, or
alternatively, in group addressing. It is not possible to control an operating device with both
addressing types. Operating devices integrated in group control can no longer be
addressed as a single device. The reverse case applies in the same manner.
i In particular, in large systems with multiple individual subscribers, the reaction time is
slower than with pure group control, as addressing takes place individually and in
sequence. If multiple DALI operating devices are to react identically to KNX commands
(simultaneous switch-on or switch-off, identical brightness specifications), then - if possible
- group addressing or scene control (see page 114-115) of these subscribers is preferable.
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Software "DALI Gateway
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Group 2
Group 1
Single unit 1
Single unit 2
Figure 13: Example of group and single device control
As part of device assignment during DALI commissioning, single-battery-operated DALI
emergency lights must always be assigned to planned single devices (single addressing),
provided that these operating devices are to execute an emergency light function. This means
that these lights can be controlled and diagnosed individually (Figure 14). As a result, the
addressing type "Group and device control" must be used in mixed lighting systems with normal
lighting and single-battery-operated emergency lighting.
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Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Functional description
Group 2
Group 1
Single unit 1
Single unit 2
Single unit 3
Single unit 4
Figure 14: Example of group and single device control with single-battery-operated emergency
lights
-
Group control 1...32 and group control 1...64:
This addressing type behaves in exactly the same way as the "Group control 1...16 and
device control 1...64" addressing, with the difference that groups 17...32 are also available.
Here too, groups 17...32 can only be assigned to up to two DALI operating devices. In this
case too, as there are no DALI group addresses, DALI addressing takes place using the
device short addresses, meaning that the operating devices are addressed, and thus
contacted, individually.
-
Device control 1...64:
This addressing type only allows control of up to 64 single devices. DALI group addressing
is not possible. As with the other addressing types with device control, the addressing of
the devices takes place individually using the device short addresses.
The use of this addressing type is advisable, if, for example, all the operating devices are to
be controlled individually or there is a whole DALI system made up of single-battery
emergency lights and, as a result, group control is not possible or sensible.
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Software "DALI Gateway IC00P01DAL"
Functional description
Single unit 1
Single unit 2
Single unit 3
Single unit 4
Single unit 5
Single unit 6
Single unit 7
Single unit 8
Single unit 9
Single unit 10
Single unit 11 Single unit 12
Figure 15: Example of single device control - All the DALI operating devices can be controlled
individually
Special case: Multiple assignment of DALI operating devices to different groups
For special cases, it is possible to assign operating devices for group control to more than just
one DALI group. In the standard case, assignment of a DALI operating device is only possible in
one device. This makes device assignment clear, and the unique assignment means that there
are no group overlaps and, as a result, no influencing of configuration and feedback values. If
necessary, multiple group assignment can be enabled as an alternative. For this, the checkbox
"Hide previously assigned DALI devices" must be deselected in the Commissioning dialog of
the plug-in (by default, this checkbox is set). This means that it is then possible to assign DALI
operating devices to more than just one group during online commissioning.
i Multiple assignment of operating devices as part of offline commissioning (creation of new
single devices in the tree structure of a group) is not possible. When editing the short
address in the parameter node of a group-related electronic ballast, no addresses can be
entered that have already been entered for electronic ballasts of other groups.
i Multiple assignment of DALI operating devices to different programmed single devices
(device control) is not possible.
DALI operating devices can always be assigned to any group. However, we do not recommend
assigning the operating devices to multiple groups on the DALI side. It is better to split the
devices up into separate, non-overlapping groups and to create a KNX-side link using the group
addressing in the ETS.
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Software "DALI Gateway IC00P01DAL"
Functional description
Group 2
Group 1
Group 17
Figure 16: Example of multiple assignment of operating devices Here: Group 1 overlaps with Group 2 and Group 17
i DALI operating devices assigned to multiple groups always set themselves to the most
recent status set using one of the assigned groups. In this case, feedback of the switching
status or the brightness value of a group may not always be clear. The following examples
explain this behaviour (Figure 16):
Example 1: Group 1 is set to 10 % brightness. After this, Group 2 is dimmed to 20 %
brightness. The lights of Group 2 assume the most recently recalled brightness value:
20 %. The feedback of Group 1 remains at 10 %, although some of the operating devices
belonging to the group were set to 20 % brightness.
Example 2: Group 1 is switched on and sets itself to the brightness value 100 %. The
status of Group 2 internally in the DALI Gateway remains at 0 % brightness (OFF). Now,
Group 2 is made brighter. The lights of Group 2 adopt the dimming behaviour (becoming
brighter from minimum brightness), although these lights have already been switched on by
Group 1.
i If DALI operating devices are assigned to multiple groups and these groups were assigned
to a shared scene, then all the operating devices will adjust to the brightness value
specified by the group with the highest number.
Example: An electronic ballast was assigned to Groups 1 and 2. Both groups are assigned
to Scene 1. When the scene is recalled, Group 1 is to set itself to 10 % and Group 2 to
20 % brightness. When Scene 1 is recalled, the electronic ballast is set to 20 %, as Group
2 has the higher group number.
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Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Functional description
DALI device type
Optionally, the assignment of DALI operating devices to programmed groups or single devices
can be supplemented by testing of the DALI device types. If testing is enabled, the plug-in
compares, during assignment as part of commissioning, the device types determined by the
operating devices with the specifications by the device type parameters. Assignment can only
take place if there is agreement. This will prevent functional incompatibilities after
commissioning.
The function for testing the DALI device types is enabled by the "Use 'DALI device type'
setting ?" parameter in the "General" parameter node when it is set to "yes".
This ETS plug-in allows testing and assignment of the DALI device types listed in the following
table...
Number of DALI device type
Name
0
Ballast for fluorescent lamps
1
Emergency light single battery operations
2
Ballast for discharge lamps
3
Ballast for LV halogen lamps
4
Ballast for Incandescent lamps
6
LED module
7
only switchable ballast
255
Multitype
Supported DALI device types for enabled testing
Device types not contained in the above table (e.g. types "8 - Colour control" or "9 - Sequence")
are identified by the DALI Gateway, although they cannot be assigned to a group or any single
device during DALI commissioning, if device type testing is activated.
i For integration of emergency lights: If emergency lights operated with single batteries is
used, the ETS plug-in of the Gateway checks the DALI device type indicated by the
installed operating device (electronic ballast found) as part of the device assignment during
DALI commissioning. Only operating devices of the type "Single-battery operated
emergency light" can be integrated into the emergency lighting function for single-battery
emergency lights. Testing of the DALI device type is essential and can, in consequence,
not be switched off in a single-battery-operated emergency lighting system in the ETS plugin. This avoids incorrect assignments.
Some DALI operating devices have the device type "Multitype". Such devices can be
integrated into the emergency light function for single-battery emergency lights, provided
that these are enabled for this application. The ETS plug-in identifies this by reading out
specific properties during DALI commissioning. Multitype can normally be used for general
lighting tasks and emergency lighting applications. There are, however, some multitypes
which are unsuitable for single-battery-operated emergency lighting applications.
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4.2.4.1.2 DALI emergency lighting systems
The DALI Gateway can be integrated into DALI emergency lighting systems. It allows
interference-free operation of operating devices, general lighting systems and emergency
lighting operating devices of the same DALI system. The device is able to integrate standard
DALI operating devices for lighting control according to IEC 62386-101 (DALI System) and
IEC 62386-102 (Control Gear) into centrally-supplied emergency lighting systems as an
emergency light. Alternatively or in addition, the DALI Gateway permits the control and function
monitoring of individual battery-operated emergency lighting operating devices, according to
IEC 62386-202.
Centrally-supplied DALI emergency lighting systems
No emergency lights with special DALI operating devices are used in an emergency lighting
system, supplied by group or central battery systems. Instead, standard devices are used
according to the basic DALI standards. These devices, which are primarily intended to control
general DALI lighting systems, usually only possess one mains voltage connection and do not
possess a battery for self-supply, should the mains voltage fail.
In centrally-supplied emergency lighting systems, a distinction is made as to which parts of the
electrical building installation are supplied by the emergency power supply. When KNX and
DALI systems are combined, the following three applications result. In each of the cases, if the
general power supply fails, a suitable switching unit must ensure that the system switches to the
central emergency power supply after detection of the failure, so that the emergency lighting is
activated and functioning...
-
Emergency operation only comprises DALI lights:
In this application, either all or only individual DALI operating devices are connected to the
emergency power supply (Figure 17). The KNX system and DALI Gateway are not supplied
with emergency power, which means that if the mains voltage fails, these subsystems will
no longer function. If there is a fault, there is no DALI voltage because the power supply of
the Gateway is no longer working.
Due to the switched-off DALI voltage, the operating devices supplied with emergency
current set the "System Failure Level" saved in the device at the beginning of emergency
operation as the brightness value. This brightness value was written by the DALI Gateway
to the DALI operating devices after ETS commissioning. By default, the "System Failure
Level" is defined by the "Behaviour in case of bus voltage failure" parameter of a group or
single device. Optionally, this value - irrespective of the behaviour in case of bus voltage
failure - can be set to a separate brightness value for emergency operation (see
page 129-130).
AC 230 V
AC/DC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
da
DALI
KNX system
DALI gateway
emergency lights
Figure 17: Example of a central supply Only DALI operating devices integrated into the emergency power supply
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Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Functional description
-
Emergency operation comprises DALI lights and KNX system:
In this application, all or individual DALI operating devices and also the power supply of the
KNX system are connected to the emergency power supply (Figure 18). The DALI
Gateway is not supplied with emergency power, which means that it will no longer function
if the mains voltage fails. If there is a fault, there is no DALI voltage because the power
supply of the Gateway is no longer working.
Due to the switched-off DALI voltage, the operating devices supplied with emergency
current set the "System Failure Level" saved in the device at the beginning of emergency
operation as the brightness value. This brightness value was written by the DALI Gateway
to the DALI operating devices after ETS commissioning. By default, the "System Failure
Level" is defined by the "Behaviour in case of bus voltage failure" parameter of a group or
single device. Optionally, this value - irrespective of the behaviour in case of bus voltage
failure - can be set to a separate brightness value for emergency operation (see
page 129-130).
Since the KNX system continues working without interruption if the mains power fails,
mains failure messages that the Gateway can produce before switch-off (feedback of
supply voltage failure) can be evaluated and processed.
AC 230 V
AC/DC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
da
DALI
KNX system
DALI gateway
emergency lights
Figure 18: Example of a central supply DALI operating devices and KNX system integrated into the emergency power supply
Page 48 of 218
Software "DALI Gateway IC00P01DAL"
Functional description
-
Emergency operation comprises DALI lights, KNX system and DALI Gateway
(recommended application):
In this application, all or individual DALI operating devices, the power supply of the KNX
system and the mains voltage connection of the DALI Gateway are connected to the
emergency power supply (Figure 19). If there is a fault, DALI voltage will remain since the
power supply of the Gateway continues working.
In this application, the DALI operating devices do not switch automatically to the "System
Failure Level". Instead, the Gateway controls selected operating devices at a special
brightness value for emergency operation. This brightness can be configured in the ETS
plug-in within the limits of minimum and maximum brightness if necessary. Alternatively, it
is possible to define no special behaviour at the beginning of emergency operation. In this
case, the operating devices assigned to emergency operation remain at the last set
brightness value.
As, if the mains power fails, the KNX system and the Gateway continue working without
interruption, mains failure messages and all status and feedback functions can continue to
be used. The Gateway is also able to evaluate all the KNX commands coming in during
emergency operation and to save them, so that they can be tracked at the end of
emergency operation.
In this application, emergency operation is activated by the Gateway. It instigates all the
appropriate actions on the KNX and the DALI page. Identification of a mains failure as the
cause of emergency operation can take place in different ways. Either the Gateway
automatically identifies whether mains voltage is present or not, using the diagnosis of the
DALI operating devices. This is possible through contacting and reading out all
commissioned DALI devices. If a number of these devices specified by the programmer do
not respond, the Gateway will assume that the mains voltage has failed. In addition, or
alternatively, a KNX telegram can inform the Gateway that emergency operation is to be
activated. This is useful, for example, when a KNX binary input is monitoring the mains
voltage and transmits a message telegram if there is a mains failure.
i In this application, the DALI cable may not be disconnected or enabled anywhere (no use
of DALI junctions, or similar). DALI communication must be possible without interruptions.
i The brightness value for emergency operation, which can be set, if configurable, for each
group or each single device in the Gateway, is also entered into the DALI operating devices
as the System Failure Level. If the mains voltage supply of the DALI Gateway should fail,
and consequently the DALI voltage, the operating devices affected will also set themselves
to this brightness value.
AC 230 V
AC/DC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
da
DALI
KNX system
DALI gateway
emergency lights
Figure 19: Example of a central supply DALI operating devices, KNX system and DALI Gateway integrated into the emergency power
supply
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Functional description
Single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights
Single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights are independently functioning lights with
integrated supply battery and DALI ballast. If there is fault-free mains operation, the light is
supply by mains voltage and the battery charged permanently. If the mains fails, the ballast
switches to the battery supply. As a result, the battery then assumes the supply of the light for a
specific time (at maximum battery power and charging, usually between 1 and 3 hours,
depending on the type).
There are different types of DALI emergency lights with single-battery supply. This means that
there are operating devices, intended solely for emergency light applications when the mains
voltage fails, and which thus switch on the light only during faults (readiness). This type of
emergency light is described by the DALI device type "Emergency light, single-batteryoperated" and is not suitable for standard lighting applications. Other single-battery-operated
emergency lights contain two DALI ballasts. Here, one ballast (together with a battery) performs
the emergency light function. The other ballast is intended for standard lighting operation when
mains voltage is present. In functional terms, these light types are two independent DALI
resources (although they are integrated in a shared light housing). For this reason, with the
DALI gateway, such lights should be regarded as two independent DALI subscribers and
commissioned accordingly.
Single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights have a special brightness value in the device
memory. This brightness value defines the brightness of the connected lighting for emergency
operation (Emergency Level) and is defined separately for each emergency light in the ETS
plug-in, using a parameter.
Often, single-battery-operated emergency lights are used when a central power supply is not
essential or not possible. Only the DALI lights used for emergency lighting are equipped with a
suitable ballast, including a battery. In such cases, the KNX system and the DALI Gateway are
not supplied with emergency current (Figure 20), meaning that KNX diagnosis and control of the
emergency lighting system are not possible.
i Depending on the configured minimum and maximum brightness, the brightness for
emergency operation can be set in the ETS plug-in, between the limits 0.1 %...100 %. The
planned brightness value is programmed into the DALI operating devices during the
initialisation operation after an ETS programming operation. The brightness for emergency
operation must be within the limits "Emergency Min Level" and "Emergency Max Level" of
the emergency light operating devices. Otherwise, the brightness value is undefined. The
limit values are usually specified by the manufacturer of the operating devices. Please refer
to the documentation of the emergency light operating devices in order to correctly
determine the brightness value for emergency operation.
AC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
DALI
KNX system
DALI gateway
da
-
+
emergency lights
Figure 20: Example of an application with single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights
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Software "DALI Gateway IC00P01DAL"
Functional description
i As part of device assignment during DALI commissioning, single-battery-operated DALI
emergency lights must always be assigned to planned single devices (single addressing),
provided that these operating devices are to execute an emergency light function.
Assignment to group-related single devices (group addressing) is possible, but only on
condition that these operating devices can only be used for standard lighting control (if
supported by the operating device) and not for emergency lighting applications.
i If emergency lights operated with single batteries is used, the ETS plug-in of the Gateway
checks the DALI device type indicated by the installed operating device (electronic ballast
found) as part of the device assignment during DALI commissioning. Only operating
devices of the type "Single-battery operated emergency light" can be integrated into the
emergency lighting function for single-battery emergency lights.
Testing of the DALI device type is essential and can, in consequence, not be switched off
in a single-battery-operated emergency lighting system in the ETS plug-in. This avoids
incorrect assignments.
Some DALI operating devices have the device type "Multitype". Such devices can be
integrated into the emergency light function for single-battery emergency lights, provided
that these are enabled for this application. The ETS plug-in identifies this by reading out
specific properties during DALI commissioning. Multitype can normally be used for general
lighting tasks and emergency lighting applications. There are, however, some multitypes
which are unsuitable for single-battery-operated emergency lighting applications.
Single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights are usually able to perform function and
continuous operation tests. In many countries, safety requirements stipulate that such tests be
performed for emergency lighting equipment (e.g. IEC 62034 Automatic test systems for battery
powered emergency escape lighting). The DALI Gateway makes it possible to carry out function
and continuous operation tests using external or automatic starts and to make the test results
available separately for each DALI operating device via KNX telegram.
During a function test, the function of the emergency light is tested and logged. During a
continuous operation test, the function of the battery is tested and logged.
Combination of centrally-supplied and single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights
In general, centrally-supplied emergency lighting systems can be combined with single-batteryoperated emergency lights in a DALI installation. This is a coexistence of both systems, which
do not influence each other, are functionally independent and are also controlled and diagnosed
separately by the DALI Gateway, if possible. When both systems are combined, we recommend
integrating the KNX system and DALI Gateway into the central emergency power supply, so
that diagnosis and control tasks via KNX remain intact, even if there is a failure (Figure 21).
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Functional description
AC 230 V
AC/DC 230 V
L,N
da
L,N
da
-
+
L,N
KNX
KNX
DALI
da
DALI
KNX system
DALI gateway
emergency lights
Figure 21: Example of a combined application of a centrally-supplied emergency lighting system
with single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights
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Software "DALI Gateway IC00P01DAL"
Functional description
4.2.4.1.3 ETS plug-in
Program window
The setting of all the devices parameter, DALI commissioning and also the DALI test are
entirely carried out by a plug-in embedded in the ETS. The plug-in is a component part of the
product database and is installed automatically, when the device is inserted into an ETS project
from the product catalogue and is accessed. There is no need to install additional software.
The plug-in is started by opening the Parameter view of the DALI Gateway. Then the ETS used
will see the program window of the plug-in (Figure 22).
Figure 22: Program window of the ETS plug-in
The program window is primarily divided up into two areas. The left-hand pane contains all the
parameter pages of the group-related, device-related and multi-channel parameters in a tree
structure. Configuration pages for commissioning, the import/export function and the DALI test
are also available in this window. The individual pages can be selected and opened by clicking
the mouse or navigating with the keyboard. The parameters and operating elements assigned
to the parameter page then become visible in the right-hand pane.
There are 4 buttons in the lower area of the window. The OK button exits the plug-in and saves
the set parameters and configurations to the ETS database.
The Cancel button exits the plug-in, without saving the data to the ETS database. Any changes
to the parameter settings are lost. In addition, previously set DALI commissioning parameters
are not applied to the ETS database. However, previously performed DALI commissioning
remains in the DALI operating devices. This can lead to cancellation operations or data
incompatibility. An information message warns the ETS user, preventing mistaken program
cancellations.
When pressed, the Standard button resets all the parameters of the DALI Gateway to the
standard values supplied by the manufacturer in the product database. Any changes to the
parameter settings deviating from the standard specifications are lost. Any created groups and
devices will be deleted. The DALI commissioning parameters are also affected. Assignments of
DALI operating devices to groups or single devices are lost. However, previously performed
DALI commissioning remains in the DALI operating devices. For this reason, when resetting to
standard parameters, also perform a reset of the connected DALI subscribers or commissioning
with a new group assignment.
When pressed, the Help button opens this product documentation of the DALI Gateway as
online help.
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Functional description
Creating DALI groups or single devices
Depending on the addressing type configuration, up to 32 DALI groups are available for group
addressing. For alternative control, these can be supplemented with 64 individually-addressable
DALI device channels, as necessary. DALI groups and single devices are created in the plug-in
and configured separately. At least one group or single device has always been created.
Additional groups or devices can be added to the configuration by selecting the appropriate
parameter node in the tree view and then executing the command New using the context menu
(right mouse-click) (Figure 23).
Figure 23: Additional DALI groups (single devices can be added in the same manner)
Created groups or single devices can also be copied using the Copy command of the context
menu of a group or device node and inserted into the higher-level node as a new group or new
single device using Insert. Parameter settings are also applied. It is also possible to insert a
previously copied group into an existing group. In so doing, all the parameter settings of the
existing group, although not assigned single devices, are transferred from the copied group.
This allows the creation of groups with an identical configuration (e.g. in large DALI systems)
quickly and without much work. Copying and insertion into existing nodes can be performed in
the same way for single devices.
i It is possible to copy a group and insert it into the parameter node of a single device. For
this, the configuration of the group is applied to the single device. It is also possible to copy
single devices and insert them onto group nodes. Only the parameters supported by the
target node are copied.
Created groups or single devices can be deleted at any time by selecting the appropriate
parameter node in the tree structure and executing the Delete command of the context menu.
Note that at least one group and / or single device must always have been created. In addition,
a parameter can be used to assign a name to each group and each single device. It is possible
to change a name at a later date using the parameter configuration or, alternatively, by using
the Rename command in the context menu. We recommend labelling each group and each
single device clearly by giving it a name (e.g. "Light strip window, south", "Sports, office,
central", etc.). The name may be a maximum of 28 characters and may contain alphanumeric
and special characters.
Each DALI group receives a unique group number (1...32), which is shown in square brackets
before the group name. In the case of single devices, the DALI short address (1...64) is
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Functional description
displayed in square brackets. The DALI short addresses are always assigned in the parameter
configuration of the single devices and can thus be influenced. Consecutive group numbers are
generated by the plug-in itself when new groups are created (next free address).
With the addition of group and device names, unique naming of DALI operating devices is
possible by referencing the numbers and short addresses. Through the transmission of the
unique names to the KNX building visualisation (e.g. control panels), the user is able particularly during error diagnosis - to identify the lighting components easily. The group and
device numbers are also displayed in the 7-segment display on the front of the device during
active operation (see page 13-14).
i Each group and each single device can be configured independently in the plug-in. After
configuration during DALI commissioning, the individual DALI operating devices are
programmed with the configured short addresses. The configuration of the groups and
single devices is transmitted to the DALI operating devices when the Gateway is started
after an ETS programming operation. In so doing, all the operating devices assigned to a
DALI group are configured identically. If DALI operating devices are assigned to multiple
groups, these devices will then receive the planning of the group with the highest group
number.
Creating scenes, effects and effect steps
Lights or light groups can optionally be integrated in up to 16 scenes, meaning that
preprogrammed static light scenes can be recalled. In particular, for the implementation of
dynamic light scenes, it is also possible to include lights or light groups in the effect control of
the DALI Gateway. Up to 16 effects are available here, each with up to 16 effect steps. Each
effect step represents an individual light scene.
Scenes and effects are created in the ETS plug-in and are configured separately. A scene or an
effect can be added to the configuration by selecting the appropriate parameter node in the tree
view and then by executing the command New using the context menu (right mouse-click)
(Figure 24).
Up to 15 effect steps can be created for each effect, as necessary. The sixteenth last step of an
effect is always the stop step in the configuration. This is only executed when the effect is
stopped automatically after the number of run-throughs has been reached or the user performs
the Stop command. This makes it possible to set a defined lighting state.
A new effect step can be added by selecting an effect parameter node in the tree view and then
executing the New command in the context menu. This always adds the first step of an effect. If
steps already exist, these are always shifted one place when new steps are added. The existing
steps are thus given a new, higher step number (2...15 / 16 = Stop step).
i When new effects are created, all the necessary effect steps should always be created
directly, in order to avoid subsequent editing and shifting of the effect sequences due to the
adding of new steps.
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Figure 24: Adding scenes (effects and effect steps can be added in the same way)
Created scenes and effects can also be copied using the Copy command of the context menu
of an appropriate scene or effect parameter node and inserted into the higher-level nodes
"Scenes" or "Effects" as a new scene or new effect using Insert. Parameter settings are also
applied. It is also possible to insert a previously copied scene or effect into an existing scene or
effect. All the parameter settings are applied without creating a new element.
Effect steps can only be copied and inserted into existing steps. This completely transfers the
configuration of the copied step into another step. This function can be used, for example, to
transport existing step configurations into other steps, after new steps have been added,
thereby changing the sequence of the light scene.
Created scenes, effects and effect steps can be deleted at any time by selecting the appropriate
parameter node in the tree structure and executing the Delete command of the context menu.
In addition, a parameter can be used to assign a name to each scene or effect. It is possible to
change a name at a later date using the parameter configuration or, alternatively, by using the
Rename command in the context menu. We recommend labelling each scene or effect clearly
by giving it a name (e.g. "Scene TV", "Effect window", etc.). The name may be a maximum of 28
characters and may contain alphanumeric and special characters.
Each scene and effect receives a unique number (1...16), which is shown in square brackets
before the name. This number is only a label within the ETS plug-in for distinguishing clearly
between the individual scenes and effects, even if they have the same name. In addition,
scenes and effects have KNX numbers (1...64). These KNX numbers can be used to recall a
scene or a scene memory function and to start and stop the effects using the extension objects
of these functions. Scene and effect numbers do not have to be identical to KNX extension
numbers. The KNX numbers are configured individually.
KNX numbers must be unique. It is not possible to assign the same KNX numbers to multiple
scenes. The same applies to the KNX numbers of the effects.
In the case of effect steps, the step number (1...15 / 16 = Stop step) is displayed in square
brackets. This labels the step sequence of an effect run-through directly.
Import and export of templates or backup files
Complete device planning (all parameter settings, KNX group addresses and object
configuration) as well as all DALI commissioning parameters (found DALI operating devices,
long and short addresses and group/single device assignments) can be exported to an external
XML file and thus backed up. In addition, an import of previously backed-up data is possible at
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Functional description
any time. This makes simple data backup possible, even outside the ETS database. In addition,
existing device planning can be downloaded as a template even to other DALI Gateways of the
same type, thus simplifying the configuration of a new device considerably.
The import and export function can be executed on the parameter page Import / Export / Print
of the plug-in.
Pressing the Export button exports the complete current device configuration of the plug-in to
an XML file. Before exporting, it is possible to specify the memory location of the file. The plugin displays the progress of the export operation. The operation may take some time. The length
of time depends on the number of existing groups and single devices, the created scenes and
effects as well as on the DALI operating devices available.
i The data is exported in "*.XML" format. Microsoft XML-Parser 3.0 or higher must be
installed on the PC ("msxml3.dll") in order to export an XML file. An appropriate installation
can be downloaded from the Microsoft website (www.microsoft.com/downloads) for
Windows 98 operating systems or higher (search term: "msxml"). "MSXML 3.0 Service
Pack 4" or a later version is required as the appropriate program package.
If the program package is not installed, the plug-in of the DALI Gateway will display an
error message when the Export command is executed. More recent operating systems
usually have the package preinstalled.
Pressing the Import button can download a previously exported XML file to the device
configuration. It should be noted that, during an import operation, the current configuration of
the plug-in in the ETS, including all the commissioning parameters of the DALI operating
devices, is always overwritten. For this reason, the plug-in issues a warning of this characteristic
before the process is executed (Figure 25).
Figure 25: Note before an import operation
After confirmation of the import, the plug-in asks whether the import should take place with or
without KNX group addresses. In the case of an import without group addresses, the plug-in
does not apply any associations between the communication objects and the group addresses
of the XML file. After the import operation, no group addresses are connected to objects.
Alternatively, an XML import can also be carried out with the application of the KNX group
addresses saved in the XML file. Before application, the plug-in tests all the group addresses of
the XML file. If there are no group addresses in the ETS project, they will be created in the
project. If object types do not match (e.g. group address 1/1/1 is linked to 1-bit objects in the
ETS project and with a 1-byte object in the XML file), the addresses concerned will not be
imported from the XML file. The plug-in then displays an information window and lists the group
addresses with a data type conflict. These conflicts must then be resolved manually by the ETS
user if all group addresses are actually applied.
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Figure 26: Import dialog to select an import with or without KNX group addresses
i After the import of an XML file, an ETS programming operation of the application program
must take place so that the configuration data are applied to the Gateway.
i An import operation overwrites all the DALI commissioning parameters (found DALI
operating devices, long and short addresses and group/single device assignments) with the
data of the XML file. It should be noted that only the data saved in the ETS database will be
compared. Any previously performed DALI commissioning with programming of the DALI
operating device will remain unchanged in the operating devices. For this reason, after the
import of an XML template, new DALI commissioning must always take place, too, if DALI
commissioning parameters are specified by the XML template other than those most
recently programmed into the DALI system online. New DALI commissioning is not
necessary if the XML import does not change the commissioning parameters (e.g. during
the import of an XML backup file of a previously fully-commissioned system when a DALI
Gateway is replaced).
i Important note for the import of XML files with the ETS3 or the ETS4 of up to Version
4.1.6:
After the import, the affected device must be unloaded using the ETS. Only then should an
ETS programming operation be performed. Unloading forces the ETS to perform a
complete download. Only in this way is it guaranteed that all the relevant configuration and
commissioning data from the import are programmed completely into the device.
On ETS4 from Version 4.1.7, the programming of all the relevant data is automatic and
time-optimised. There is no need for the unloading operation here.
The XML file of older versions of DALI Gateways (Insta order number 6454002x) can be
imported in order to transfer old configurations to new devices. Taking the function properties of
older devices into account, the following characteristics and restrictions apply...
Only groups are imported (the addressing type "Group control 1...32" is set).
DALI commissioning parameters (long addresses, short addresses, group assignments)
are imported. A new DALI commissioning operation must be performed if any changes
have been made to the DALI configuration in the system since the export of the XML file!
Otherwise (e.g. only when replacing a DALI Gateway whilst maintaining all the DALI
commissioning parameters), there is no need for online commissioning.
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-
Functions not contained in older devices (e.g. operating hours counter, DALI telegram rate
limit, collective feedback, effects) are deactivated after the import. These functions can
then be enabled and configured as necessary.
Communication flags and data point types of objects and transmission flags of group
addresses are not transferred. Manual adjustments may have to be performed here after
the XML import if necessary.
i It is not possible to import XML files, exported using the plug-in of the devices described in
this documentation, into the configurations of older devices.
Print function
The plug-in of the DALI Gateway also offers the option of printing out the complete device
configuration incl. the group/single device programming, the scene and effect configuration and
all the DALI commissioning parameters as a configuration report. The Print function can be
executed on the parameter page Import / Export / Print of the plug-in. When the Print button is
pressed, the plug-in asks whether the complete device configuration should be printed out on
paper or only a part of the DALI commissioning parameters, incl. the DALI device names and
short addresses (Figure 27).
Figure 27: Print dialog to select the printing options
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Functional description
4.2.4.2 Description of group- and device-independent functions
4.2.4.2.1 DALI communication
The DALI telegram rate limit can optionally be activated. Firstly, it is then possible to extend the
period of time between DALI telegrams. Secondly, the initialisation behaviour of the Gateway
can be influenced. By using the DALI telegram rate limit, it is possible to adapt the
communication behaviour of the Gateway to problematic or non-DALI-conformant operating
devices to a great extent.
The DALI telegram rate limit is activated and configured in the parameter node "General ->
DALI communication".
Time delay between two DALI telegrams
In accordance with the valid DALI standard (IEC 82386-101/102 Ed. 1), pauses of at least 9.15
ms must be maintained between the transmissions of individual DALI telegrams to the operating
devices. To optionally reduce the telegram load for the DALI operating devices and thus reduce
the likelihood of errors on the part of some electronic ballasts, it is possible to increase the
pause time between telegrams of the DALI Gateway to the operation device by a multiple of the
minimum pause time (Figure 28). This produces a telegram rate limit, which can adjusted
individually using the parameter "Minimum delay time between two DALI telegrams" in the
parameter node "General -> DALI communication" in the range 1...5 in steps of 0.5. For this
parameter to be visible, the DALI telegram rate limit must be active on the same parameter
page.
Extending the pause time between the telegrams gives the operating devices more time to react
to the commands of the DALI Gateway. However, this also delays the reaction time of the
overall DALI system when controlled by KNX telegrams and also during DALI commissioning or
a DALI test. As a result, large time factors should be avoided in the delay time parameter,
unless explicitly required.
i The approved pause time between telegrams from the DALI Gateway to the DALI
operating devices and the matching response is within a range of 2.91 ms and 9.15 ms.
This time period is required by the operating devices and cannot be influenced to any great
extent by the Gateway.
telegrams
(1...5) x 9.15 ms
gateway
gateway
2.91 ... 9.15 ms
gateway
ballast
...
t
Figure 28: Pause times between DALI telegrams
Delay time after mains voltage return to DALI
After the mains voltage supply is switched on, depending on the their type, DALI operating
devices usually require different lengths of time to initialise themselves and thus to react to
commands of the DALI Gateway. To ensure that no commands of the Gateway to the operating
devices are lost after mains voltage return - because they are still initialising - it is possible to
activate a delay as an option. This delay is defined within a range of 0...30 seconds using the
parameter "Delay time after mains voltage return to DALI", which is available in the parameter
node "General -> DALI communication" when a DALI telegram rate limit is activated.
The delay time after mains voltage return delays the start of the application of the DALI
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Gateway after the mains voltage supply is switched on as well as after an ETS programming
operation and thus delays the execution of the configured behaviour after bus voltage return
and all other automatic reactions (e.g. feedback messages) after a device reset. No DALI
telegrams are transmitted by the Gateway in this state. "- -" is displayed on the 7-segment
display on the front panel of the device in order to signal that the device is not yet ready for
operation.
KNX communication is also possible during the delay time. This allows control of groups and
single devices as well as of scenes and effects and the specification of commands. However,
these are only executed once the delay time on the DALI page has elapsed. Only the last
command relative to a group, a single device, a scene or an effect is ever executed!
i If KNX telegrams for groups or single devices are received during Gateway initialisation,
the device will perform the most recently specified command and not the configured
behaviour after bus voltage return.
i The delay time after mains voltage return to DALI is not required if the initialisation time of
the DALI operating devices is shorter than that of the DALI Gateway. In this case, the
parameter should be set to the value "0". If the operating devices initialise more quickly
than the Gateway, they will activate the programmed "Power-On Level" (see page 83-84)
before the Gateway transmits other brightness commands. After mains voltage return, this
allows the observation of short-time changes to the brightness states in the DALI system.
i Should only the mains voltage supply of the Gateway fail, the operating devices will set
themselves to the "System Failure Level" (see page 82-83). After return of the mains
voltage supply, the DALI Gateway - once the delay has elapsed - then transmits
commands to the DALI page in accordance with the configured behaviour ("Behaviour after
bus voltage return") or the last KNX specification.
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4.2.4.2.2 DALI error messages
The DALI Gateway allows feedback of various error states. This means that the general
feedback of an existing error in the DALI system, the feedback of the error status of individual
operating devices and messages on the state of the supply voltage and a short-circuit on the
DALI cable can be configured independently of one another using a KNX telegram.
Feedback of error status in DALI system
The DALI Gateway allows the feedback of the error status of DALI operating devices (see
page 63-64). If individual evaluation and display of the error status of individual electronic
ballasts or DALI groups is not required or is to be supplemented with a feedback function,
independent of the electronic ballast, it is possible to use the general feedback of the "Error
status in the DALI system". This feedback has a separate 1-bit communication object, which
allows the signalling of a general error in the DALI installation. The DALI Gateway sets the
object value to "1 - ON" as soon as it detects an error in a previously commissioned DALI
operating device. Here, it is irrelevant which error was identified by the Gateway (lamp error,
electronic ballast error, converter error). The Gateway only resets the object value to "0 - OFF"
when all the previously identified errors were eliminated.
To use this feedback function, the parameter "Feedback 'Error status in the DALI system' ?" in
the "General -> DALI error messages" parameter node must be configured to the setting
"Yes...". The parameter "Type of feedback" determines whether the feedback is an active
transmitter or is passive (general error status must be polled).
i In general, the general electronic ballast and lamp errors also include error states,
identified as part of the operating tests of emergency lights (e.g. device errors, converter
errors, emergency lamp errors).
Setting feedback of the error status in DALI system
The feedback of the general error status can be used as an active message object or as a
passive status object. As an active message object, the feedback information is transmitted to
the bus whenever the status changes. In the function as a passive status object, there is no
automatic telegram transmission. In this case, the object value must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the object communication flags required for proper functioning.
The parameter "Type of feedback" in the parameter node "General -> DALI error messages"
defines the function of the feedback object "Error status in the DALI system".
o Set the parameter to "Active signalling object".
The general error status is transmitted as soon as the state changes.
i A general error saved in the DALI Gateway is lost when the mains voltage fails. For this
reason, after all the errors have been eliminated by switching the mains voltage off on the
DALI Gateway and switching it back on again, no feedback is transmitted.
i The DALI Gateway initialises after switching on the mains power supply or after an ETS
programming operation. If a DALI error is detected in this state, the Gateway will
immediately transmit an appropriate feedback telegram. The only time feedback is not sent
to the bus automatically is after bus voltage return (mains voltage switched-on permanently
on the DALI Gateway during bus failure).
o Set the parameter to "Passive status object".
The general error status will be transmitted in response only if the feedback object is read
out by the bus.
Optionally, the general error status can be transmitted repeatedly, if, after a previously identified
DALI error, further errors are detected on the same or other operating devices. The parameter
"Telegram repetition on new error in DALI system ?" in the parameter node "General -> DALI
error messages" specifies the behaviour of the general error status feedback for new errors.
o Set the parameter to "yes".
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o
The general error status is transmitted as "1 - ON" for each new error.
Set the parameter to "no".
The general error status is transmitted repeatedly for new errors. Telegrams are only
transmitted again via the object "Error status in the DALI system", when no more errors are
present.
Feedback Error status per DALI operating device
The DALI Gateway allows the feedback of the individual error status of DALI operating devices
in up to two different data formats. To use this feedback function, the parameter "Feedback
'Error status per DALI operating device' ?" in the "General -> DALI error messages" parameter
node must be set to the setting "Yes...". konfiguriert werden. Here, it is possible to define
whether the feedback is an active transmitter or is passive (error status must be polled).
The parameter "Feedback data format" determines whether only a 1-byte object (according to
KNX DPT 238.600), a 2-byte object (according to KNX DPT 237.600) or a combination of both
objects is used.
The status information "Lamp error", "Error in operating device (e.g. electronic ballast error)" or
"Converter error" (for emergency lighting operating devices) is transmitted to the Gateway by
the DALI components if there is an error, and is saved there. The DALI Gateway makes all the
status information about the KNX-side error status objects available. The object values are
evaluated in bit-orientated fashion according to the selected data format. A feedback telegram
always transmits the status information of only one DALI operating device.
As the master in the DALI system, the DALI Gateway - as soon as it is ready for operation polls the status of the commissioned electronic ballasts (slaves) cyclically every second. A
system with a maximum of 64 DALI devices can identify an error after 63 seconds at the latest.
Once an error has occurred in the operating device, it must be eliminated (switch off the mains
voltage to the appropriate DALI subscriber and observe the manufacturer's information!). The
DALI Gateway detects an eliminated error automatically after commissioning of the repaired
device and resets the error state in the feedback.
1-byte error status
Bits 0...5 of the 1-byte error status telegram use the electronic ballast number to indicate to
which device the signalled error relates. The electronic ballast numbers of the error status are
derived directly from the short addresses of the DALI subscribers. An electronic ballast number
(0...63) corresponds to a short address (1...64) minus "1" (example: Short address = "1" ->
Electronic ballast number in the error status telegram = "0").
i When an error status is displayed, it is irrelevant whether the electronic ballast was
assigned to a single device or a group during programming.
bits
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
number electronic ballast (0...63)
0 = no lamp errpor / 1 = lamp error
0 = no electronic ballast error / 1 = electronic ballast error
Figure 29: Telegram structure, 1-byte error status
Bit 6 is set when the appropriate electronic ballast signals a lamp error (e.g. defective light,
cable break to lamp socket). In an error-free lamp state, this bit is deleted ("0").
Bit 7 is set when the electronic ballast signals a general error (e.g. internal electronic ballast
error). In an error-free device state, this bit is deleted ("0").
Bits 6 and 7 are set when the appropriate device could not be contacted by the DALI Gateway
(e.g. device disconnected from the DALI cable, mains voltage on the electronic ballast switched
off).
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2-byte error status
In this data format too, Bits 0...5 use the electronic ballast number to indicate to which device
the signalled error relates. The electronic ballast numbers of the error status are derived directly
from the short addresses of the DALI subscribers. An electronic ballast number (0...63)
corresponds to a short address (1...64) minus "1" (example: Short address = "1" -> Electronic
ballast number in the error status telegram = "0").
Alternatively, the 2-byte error status can be used to display the collective error state of all the
operating devices of a DALI group. For this, the error bits of the individual electronic ballast are
collected and evaluated by the Gateway. If any error bit is set in at least one electronic ballast of
the group, then the same error bit will also be set in the feedback telegram.
To make it possible to distinguish whether the feedback is addressing an electronic ballast or a
group, the error status telegram contains Bit 6. This bit indicates whether a single device ("0") or
a group ("1") is addressed. When a group is addressed, Bits 0...5 must contain the group
number. A group number (0...15) corresponds to a DALI group number (1...16) minus "1"
(example: DALI group number = "1" -> Group number in the error status telegram = "0").
Bit 7 in the telegram indicates whether this is a request telegram ("1") with passive
transmission, or, alternatively, an actively-transmitting telegram, or an answer to a request
telegram ("0").
i When the error status of an electronic ballast is displayed, it is irrelevant whether the
operating device was assigned to a single device or a group in the programming. In the
case of active telegram transmission, if an error has been identified, only the error status
for an individual electronic ballast is generally transmitted and not for a group, provided that
the appropriate electronic ballast is also assigned to a group.
bits
15
14
13
12
not used (0)
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
number electronic ballast (0...63) / group (0...15)
0 = device addressed / 1 = group addressed
0 = response, active telegram / 1 = request telegram
0 = no lamp error / 1 = lamp error
0 = no electronic ballast error / 1 = electronic ballast error
0 = no converter error / 1 = converter error
Figure 30: Telegram structure, 2-byte KNX error status
Bit 8 is set when the appropriate electronic ballast or the group signals a lamp error (e.g.
defective light, cable break to lamp socket). In an error-free lamp state, this bit is deleted ("0").
Bit 9 is set when the electronic ballast or the group signals a general error (e.g. internal
electronic ballast error). In an error-free device state, this bit is deleted ("0").
Bits 8 and 9 are set when the appropriate device or an electronic ballast of a group could not be
contacted by the DALI Gateway (e.g. device disconnected from the DALI cable, mains voltage
on the electronic ballast switched off).
If set, Bit 10 indicates a converter error. Usually, this error state is only created by DALI
emergency lights. If the converter contained in the devices is in an error-free state, this bit is
deleted ("0").
i In general, the general electronic ballast and lamp errors also include error states,
identified as part of the operating tests of emergency lights (e.g. device errors, converter
errors, emergency lamp errors).
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Setting feedback for error status per DALI operating device
Firstly, it must be specified whether the 1-byte or 2-byte error status is used, or a combination of
both objects.
o Set the parameter "Data format of feedback" on the parameter page "General -> DALI error
messages" to "Only 2-byte KNX object".
In accordance with KNX DPT 237.600, only the 2-byte object is available. This object can
be used both actively and passively (request telegram) and should preferably be used in
accordance with KNX specification.
o Set the parameter "Data format of feedback" to "Only 1-byte object".
In accordance with KNX DPT 238.600, only the 1-byte object is available. This object can
be used both actively and passively (request telegram).
o Set the parameter "Data format of feedback" to "1-byte and 2-byte KNX object".
The 2-byte object is available in accordance with KNX DPT 237.600, and the 1-byte object
is also available in accordance with KNX DPT 238.600. Both objects can be used both
actively and passively (request telegram).
In the ETS configuration, it is possible to specify whether the feedback of the error status to the
KNX is actively transmitting (telegram transmission on status change) or passive (telegram
transmission only as a response to a request telegram).
o Set the parameter "Feedback 'Error status per DALI operating device' ?" on the parameter
page "General -> DALI error messages" to "Yes, feedback object is active signalling
object". Optionally, the parameter "Time delay for feedback after initialisation" can be used
to activate a delay of the 2-byte feedback after Gateway initialisation (ETS programming
operation, mains voltage return). The delay time is globally configured in the parameter
node "General -> Status and feedback". After initialisation, the 1-byte error status is
generally transmitted without a delay.
As soon as an error is detected on a DALI operating device during the cyclical status poll,
the DALI Gateway will transmit a feedback telegram with the appropriate electronic ballast/
group number to the KNX.
As soon as the error has been eliminated, the DALI Gateway detects the error elimination,
provided that the operating power supply to the Gateway was not interrupted, and,
accordingly, transmits a feedback telegram "No error" to the KNX.
Should multiple errors have been identified on various electronic ballasts, these will not be
retransmitted to the KNX when a device or lamp error is eliminated. The transmission of a
feedback telegram related to a DALI operating device or a group will thus only take place
once after determination of the error.
i In the case of active telegram transmission, if an error has been identified, only the error
status for an individual electronic ballast is generally transmitted and not for a group,
provided that the appropriate electronic ballast is also assigned to a group.
i An error saved in the DALI Gateway is lost when the mains voltage fails. For this reason,
after an error has been eliminated by switching the mains voltage off on the DALI Gateway
and switching it back on again, no feedback is transmitted.
i The DALI Gateway initialises after switching on the mains power supply or after an ETS
programming operation. If a DALI error is detected in this state, the Gateway will
immediately transmit an appropriate feedback telegram. The only time feedback "DALI
error status" is not sent to the bus automatically is after bus voltage return (mains voltage
switched-on permanently on the DALI Gateway during bus failure).
o Set the parameter "Feedback 'Error status per DALI operating device' ?" on the parameter
page "General -> DALI error messages" to "Yes, feedback object is a passive status
object".
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There is no automatic telegram transmission to the KNX when an error is detected. To
determine the error status of a DALI operating device or a group, the communication object
"Error status for each DALI operating device" or "KNX error status for each DALI operating
device" must be described externally with a request telegram (ValueWrite). Here, a
distinction is made as to whether the 1-byte or the 2-byte error status is used...
1-byte error status: Bits 0...5 of the request telegram must contain the number of the
electronic ballast, from which the status is to be polled (Figure 29). Bits 6 and 7 must be set
to "1"! Otherwise, the request telegram is ignored.
2-byte KNX error status: Bit 7 ("1") must be set in the request telegram. Bit 6 must indicate
whether a group ("1") or an individual electronic ballast ("0") is being addressed. Bits 0...5
must then contain the number of the electronic ballast or the group number (Figure 30).
The states of error bits 8...10 are irrelevant in the request telegram. Bits 11...15 must
always be "0"! Otherwise, the request telegram is ignored.
The DALI Gateway responds to a received, valid request telegram immediately
(ValueWrite) by transmitting the current status once as a response.
o Set the parameter "Feedback 'Error status per DALI operating device' ?" on the parameter
page "General -> DALI error messages" to "no".
The feedback of the error status per DALI operating device is deactivated. No
communication object is available for this function.
i Request telegrams to electronic ballast or group numbers, which are not configured in the
DALI system and are thus not available, are always answered with deleted error bits.
Request telegrams to group numbers greater than 15 (DALI group number greater than 16)
are never answered.
i A read telegram (ValueRead) to the communication object "Error status per DALI operating
device" or "KNX error status per DALI operating device" is answered, if the Read flag is set,
by the DALI Gateway transmitting the most recently updated object value
(ValueResponse). This means that DALI operating devices cannot be polled clearly.
Feedback for mains voltage supply on the DALI Gateway
The DALI Gateway can monitor its supply voltage at the mains voltage connection. If there is a
failure, the Gateway is able to transmit a message telegram to the KNX before stopping
operation, provided that the bus voltage is uninterrupted. Optionally, the switch-on of the mains
voltage supply can also be fed back.
If the mains voltage supplies of the Gateway and the connected DALI operating devices are
connected to the same circuit, the operating state of the entire DALI system which is not
supplied with emergency current can be monitored on the KNX through the evaluation of the
mains voltage feedback.
The DALI Gateway uses the 1-bit communication object "Voltage failure in the DALI system" to
feed back a voltage failure or return. The telegram polarity of this object is fixed: Mains voltage
available = 0, Mains voltage failure = 1.
Setting feedback for mains voltage supply
In the ETS configuration, it is possible to specify whether only a failure of the mains voltage
supply of the DALI Gateway is fed back to the KNX or whether mains voltage return is also fed
back. Telegram transmission is always actively transmitting. As soon as there is a change of
state in the mains voltage, a feedback telegram is transmitted once. The parameter "Feedback,
DALI Gateway supply voltage failure/return ?" in the "General -> DALI error messages"
parameter node defines the behaviour of mains voltage monitoring.
o Set the parameter to "Yes (only on voltage failure)".
If a mains voltage failure is detected on the DALI Gateway, the Gateway will immediately
transmit a feedback telegram. It stops operation just a few seconds later.
o Set the parameter to "Yes (on voltage failure and return)".
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If a mains voltage failure is detected on the DALI Gateway, the Gateway will immediately
transmit a feedback telegram. It stops operation just a few seconds later. The DALI
Gateway initialises when the mains power supply is switched on. Then it transmits one
feedback telegram and signals that the mains voltage is switched on.
o Set the parameter to "no".
The feedback of the state of the mains voltage supply is deactivated. The communication
object is hidden.
i The feedback of a mains voltage failure can only be transmitted when the bus voltage is
connected and switched on at the time of the failure. If, at the time of mains return, no bus
voltage is connected or switched on, no feedback for mains voltage return will be
transmitted either. The feedback is saved, however, which means that it is transmitted later
when the bus voltage is switched on.
i The feedback telegram can be transmitted to the bus automatically after bus voltage return
or after programming with the ETS if there is mains voltage on the DALI Gateway.
Feedback for DALI short-circuit
The DALI Gateway detects short-circuits on the DALI cable, as may occur in the case of an
installation error. As soon as a short-circuit is identified on the DALI cable when the mains
power supply is switched on, the DALI Gateway transmits feedback to the KNX when the
feedback function for DALI short-circuits is enabled.
The DALI Gateway uses the 1-bit communication object "Short-circuit in the DALI system" to
feed back a DALI short-circuit. The telegram polarity of this object is fixed: No short-circuit = 0,
Short-circuit = 1.
Setting feedback for DALI short-circuit
In the ETS configuration, it is possible to specify whether DALI short-circuit feedback is to be
transmitted to the KNX. When enabled, telegram transmission is always actively transmitting.
As soon as a short-circuit has been detected and eliminated, the Gateway will transmit one
feedback telegram without a delay. The parameter "Feedback DALI short-circuit ?" in the
"General -> DALI error messages" parameter node defines the behaviour of mains voltage
monitoring.
o Set the parameter to "yes".
The DALI short-circuit feedback is activated and the communication object enabled.
o Set the parameter to "no".
The DALI short-circuit feedback is deactivated. The communication object is hidden.
i The connected DALI operating devices also react to a short-circuit in the DALI cable. The
devices set themselves to the specified "System Failure Level". By default, this brightness
value is defined by the "Behaviour in case of bus voltage failure" parameter of a group or a
single device. Optionally, this value can - irrespective of the behaviour in case of bus
voltage return - be set to a separate brightness value for emergency operation (see
page 129-130).
i Since the brightness of the connected DALI operating devices might possibly change if
there is a short-circuit, the DALI Gateway also transmits feedback to the bus for the
switching status and brightness value if these feedback functions are enabled.
i The feedback of a DALI short-circuit can only be transmitted when the bus voltage is
connected and switched on at the time of the short-circuit. If no bus voltage is connected or
switched on at the time of the short-circuit, no feedback for mains voltage return will be
transmitted either. Feedback is saved, however, which means that it is transmitted later
when the bus voltage is switched on.
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i The DALI Gateway initialises after switching on the mains power supply or after an ETS
programming operation. If a short-circuit on the DALI cable is detected in this state, the
Gateway will immediately transmit an appropriate feedback telegram. After bus voltage
return (mains voltage switched-on permanently on the DALI Gateway during bus failure),
the feedback is not sent to the bus automatically.
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4.2.4.2.3 Status and feedbacks
Delay after bus/mains voltage return
To reduce telegram traffic on the bus line after the bus voltage (bus reset) or the mains voltage
supply is switched on, after connection of the device to the bus line or after programming with
the ETS, it is possible to delay all actively transmitted feedback telegrams of the Gateway. To
do this, a delay time can be specified for multiple functions (parameter "Time delay for
feedbacks after bus return for groups and devices" in the parameter node "General -> Status
and feedback"). Only after the configured time elapses are feedback telegrams for initialisation
transmitted to the bus.
It is possible to configure separately which of the feedback telegrams are actually delayed for
each feedback function.
i The delay has no effect on the behaviour of the individual groups or single devices and not
on other functions of the device either. Only the feedback telegrams are delayed. Groups
and single devices can also be activated during the delay after bus voltage return.
i A setting of "0" for the delay after bus voltage return deactivates the delaying function
altogether. In this case, all feedback telegrams, if actively transmitted, will be transmitted to
the bus without any delay.
i The messages "Error status in DALI system", "Error status per DALI operating device"
(only 1 byte), "Short-circuit in the DALI system" or "Voltage failure in the DALI system" are
always transmitted without a time delay.
Delaying feedback
Only feedbacks that are enabled and set as actively transmitting can be configured with regard
to the transmitting behaviour after bus voltage return.
o Set the parameter "Time delay for feedback telegram after bus voltage return" to "yes". The
parameter is on the parameter page of the corresponding switching status or brightness
value feedback of a group or a single device.
In this case, after bus voltage return the feedback telegram is first transmitted to the bus
after the end of the delay time. Alternatively (setting "No"), a feedback telegram is
transmitted to the bus without time delay immediately after bus voltage return .
Collective feedback
After central commands or after bus/mains voltage return, a KNX line is generally heavily
loaded by data traffic as many bus devices are transmitting the state of their communication
objects by means of feedback telegrams. This effect occurs particularly when using
visualisations. Collective feedback of the Gateway can be used to keep the telegram load low
during initialisation.
The collective feedback summarises the switching states of the DALI groups and single devices
in bit-orientated form (Figure 31). Up to 6 separate 4-byte communication objects according to
KNX DPT 27.001 are available for this, depending on the set addressing type. Each of these
objects can visualise the switching state of up to 16 groups or devices.
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group 8
group 7
group 6
group 5
group 4
group 3
group 2
group 1
byte 1
group 16
group 15
group 14
group 13
group 12
group 11
group 10
group 9
byte 2
mask group 8
mask group 7
mask group 6
mask group 5
mask group 4
mask group 3
mask group 2
mask group 1
byte 3
mask group 16
mask group 15
mask group 14
mask group 13
mask group 12
mask group 11
mask group 10
mask group 9
byte 4
31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24
23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
M
M
S
S
Figure 31: Structure of the objects of the collective feedback, using the example of the object
for Groups 1-16
It is possible to show up to 16 groups or single devices and thus up to 16 different switching
states logically in a 4-byte object. Each group or each single device has one bit representing the
switching state ("S" bit) and another one defining the masking ("M" bit). The "S" bits correspond
to the logical non-inverted switching states of the groups or devices and are either "1" (on) or
"0" (off). The M bits are "1" when the corresponding group or the appropriate single device has
been created in the programming of the Gateway. Similarly, M bits are "0" when groups or
devices are not available. In this case, the corresponding "S" bits are continuously "0", as there
is no switching status.
After a device reset (ETS programming operation, bus or mains voltage return), the Gateway
always transmits all the collective feedback according to the configured addressing type,
provided that the objects are configured as actively transmitting. If only individual switching
states change in Gateway operation, only the affected collective feedback objects are updated.
The following example object value formats result...
Groups 1 to 4 available: "00 0F 00 0x", x = switching states
-> Group 1 and 2 ON: "00 0F 00 03" / Group 1 and 3 ON: "00 0F 00 05"
Groups 1 to 6 available: "00 3F 00 xx", x = switching states
-> Group 1 and 2 ON: "00 3F 00 03" / Group 1 and 5 ON: "00 3F 00 11"
Groups 1 to 4 and 10 to 12 available: "0E 0F 0x 0x", x = switching states
-> Group 1 and 4 ON: "0E 0F 00 09" / Group 1 and 10 ON: "0E 0F 02 01"
Use of the collective feedback would be possible in appropriate visualisation applications - for
example in public buildings such as schools or hospitals - where the switching states of the
actuators are displayed centrally and no separate switching status is displayed at the control
sections. In such applications the collective feedback can replace the 1 bit individual feedbacks
and thereby significantly reduce the bus load.
Activate collective feedback
Collective feedback is a global device function and can be enabled in the parameter node
"General -> Status and feedback".
o Set the parameter "Collective feedback switching status ?" to "yes".
Collective feedback is enabled. The collective feedback objects become visible in the ETS.
Depending on the configured addressing type, up to 6 objects are displayed for groups and
/ or single devices.
o Set the parameter to "no".
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Collective feedback is deactivated. No collective feedback objects are available.
Setting the update of collective feedback
In the ETS plug-in, you can specify when the Gateway should update the feedback values for
the collective feedback, in the case of an actively transmitting communication object. The object
value updated by the Gateway is then signalled actively to the bus.
The parameter "Updating of the object value for collective feedback" is created in the parameter
node "General -> Status and Feedback".
Collective feedback must be enabled and the feedback type set to "Active message object".
o Set the parameter to "After each update of the inputs".
The Gateway updates the feedback values in the collective feedback once a new telegram
is received on the input objects "Switching" or "Central switching" for groups or single
devices. With actively transmitting feedback objects, a new telegram is also then actively
transmitted to the bus each time. The telegram value of the feedback does not necessarily
have to change in the process. Hence, corresponding collective feedbacks are also
generated, e.g. for cyclical telegrams to the "Switching" objects.
o Set the parameter to "Only if the feedback value changes".
The Gateway only updates the feedback values in the collective feedback objects when the
telegram values of the inputs also change. If telegram values of the feedback do not
change (e.g. in the case of cyclical telegrams to the "Switching" objects with the same
telegram value), the feedback then remains unchanged. Consequently, in the case of
actively transmitting feedback objects, no telegram with the same content will be
transmitted repeatedly either.
Collective feedback type
Collective feedback can take place in the form of active message objects or passive status
objects. In the case of active message objects, the feedback is transmitted to the bus whenever
the status contained therein changes. In the function as a passive status object, there is no
automatic telegram transmission. In this case, the object values must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the communication flags of the objects required for proper functioning.
Collective feedback must be enabled.
o Set the parameter "Type of collective feedback" in the parameter node "General -> Status
and Feedback" to "Active signalling object".
The Gateway transmits the collective feedback automatically when the object value is
updated. After a device reset (ETS programming operation, bus or mains voltage return),
all the collective feedback is transmitted according to the configured addressing type. If
only individual switching states change in Gateway operation, only the object values of the
affected collective feedback objects are transmitted to the bus as well.
o Set the parameter to "Passive status object".
Collective feedback will only be transmitted in response if the appropriate object is read out
from the bus. No automatic telegram transmission of the collective feedback takes place
after bus or mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS.
Setting collective feedback after bus/mains voltage return or after programming with the
ETS
If used as an active message object, the states of the collective feedback are transmitted to the
bus after bus or mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS. In these cases, the
feedback telegram can be time-delayed with the delay being preset globally for all groups and
single devices together (see page 69).
Collective feedback must be enabled and the feedback type set to "Active message object".
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o
o
Set the parameter "Time delay for feedback telegram after bus voltage return" to "Yes".
The collective feedback objects are transmitted with a delay after bus or mains voltage
return or after programming with the ETS. No feedback telegram is transmitted during a
running delay, even if a switching state changes during this delay.
Set the parameter "Time delay for feedback telegram after bus voltage return" to "no".
The collective feedback is transmitted immediately after bus or mains voltage return or after
programming with the ETS.
Setting cyclic transmission of the collective feedback
The objects of the collective feedback can also transmit their value cyclically in addition to
transmission when updating.
Collective feedback must be enabled and the feedback type set to "Active message object".
o Set the parameter "Cyclical transmission of feedback telegram?" to "yes".
Cyclical transmission is activated.
o Set the parameter "Cyclic transmission of the collective feedback ?" to "no".
Cyclical transmission is deactivated which means that collective feedback is only
transmitted to the bus if one of the switching states changes.
i The cycle time for all cyclic feedback telegrams is defined centrally on the same parameter
page.
i During an active delay after bus voltage return no collective feedback telegram will be
transmitted even if a switching state changes.
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4.2.4.2.4 Global switching status / Standby switch-off
The DALI Gateway offers a function for global feedback of the switching status of all planned
DALI groups and devices. This feedback can also be used for standby switch-off of the DALI
system, and thus to save energy.
The global switching status feedback is a general device function and can be enabled as
necessary in the ETS plug-in in the parameter node "General -> Standby switch-off of DALI
devices". If the function is enabled, the 1-bit object "Standby switch off DALI/Global switching
status" becomes visible. The object value is "1" if at least one DALI group or one DALI single
device is switched on (brightness value > 0). The object value is "0" if all the DALI groups or
DALI single devices are switched off (brightness value = 0). Here, it is not important what
switched a group or individual on or off. A KNX command to objects in the groups or devices,
recall of a scene or the start of an effect affect the updating of the global switching status
feedback.
i When the global switching status is evaluated, the logical switching status of a DALI group
or a single device is evaluated. It is irrelevant whether all or individual planned groups or
devices were assigned electronic ballasts during DALI commissioning, or whether assigned
electronic ballasts can be contacted.
The object value "0 - OFF" of the feedback can optionally be sent to the bus after a delay, using
the parameter "Delay until activation of the standby switch-off / transmit the feedback ?". If the
delay time is used, the feedback telegram can be used for standby switch-off of the DALI
system. For this, for example, an output of a KNX switching actuator used as an NO contact
should be connected to the feedback object of the DALI Gateway. The output of the switching
actuator switches the mains voltage supply of all the DALI operating devices (Figure 32).
If the global switching status in this application is "0", the (delayed) telegram to the actuator will
disconnect all the DALI operating devices (not the DALI Gateway) from the network, saving
electrical energy. The mains voltage is switched on automatically with the feedback telegram
"1 - ON", as soon as the Gateway is to switch on at least one operating device by DALI
command. The time between the transmission of this feedback (switching on the mains voltage)
and the transmission of the DALI command can be delayed optionally using the parameter
"Delay until restart of the DALI devices ?". This gives the DALI operating devices sufficient time
after the return of the mains voltage to initialise themselves in order to be able to react properly
to the commands of the Gateway.
i When centrally-supplied or single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights are controlled,
the global switching status may not be used for standby switch-off! Therefore, it is not
possible to set the parameters "Delay until activation of the standby switch-off / transmit the
feedback ?" and "Delay until restart of the DALI devices ?" to "yes" if the integration of
emergency lights is intended.
When emergency operation is used, the global switching status feedback can only be
transmitted without delay for general purposes of visualisation. The transmission of DALI
commands after a mains voltage return can also only take place without a delay.
i If, during the course of a delay, additional telegrams are received via KNX until the restart
of the DALI devices, then only the most recently received telegram is forwarded to the DALI
system after the delay time has elapsed.
i When using the delay until the restart of the DALI devices, ensure that the parameter
"Behaviour after bus voltage return" (corresponds to the DALI power-on level) of a group or
a single device is configured as "Switch off". This means that the affected devices do not
switch-on directly when the mains voltage returns but only after they have received an
appropriate DALI command from the Gateway via the DALI cable.
i During a standby switch-off, the DALI Gateway does not evaluate any DALI error status of
the programmed operating devices.
i Observe the current carrying capacity of the KNX switching actuator integrated into the
standby switch-off! If necessary, use additional installation contactors. We do not
recommend using multiple actuator channels, as it is usually not possible to implement
simultaneous switching of all the channels.
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L
N
L
da
da
A1
A2
OFF
A1
ON
A3
OFF
A2
ON
A4
OFF
A3
ON
A4
OFF
ON
ALL O FF
Figure 32: Example of a connection diagram for standby switch-off
by a KNX switching actuator
When the standby switch-off is used (active time delays), the feedback of the global switching
status will always take place as an active message telegram whenever the feedback value
changes. If no time delay has been configured (global switching status for general visualisation
purposes), the feedback object - according the parameter "Type of feedback" - can either be
used as an active signalling object or, alternatively, as a passive status object. As an active
message object, the feedback information is also directly transmitted to the bus whenever there
is an update. As a passive status object, there is no telegram transmission after an update. In
this case, the object value must be read out. The ETS automatically sets the object
communication flags required for proper functioning.
If used as an active message object, the feedback status is transmitted to the bus after bus/
mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS, if switch-on or switch-off takes place
after a device reset. If feedback is not used for standby switch-off, the telegram can be
transmitted after a delay after bus/mains voltage return, whereby the delay time is set jointly and
globally for all the feedback of the device (see page 69). If a time delay is required, the
parameter "Time delay for feedback after bus voltage return ?" must be set to "yes". Otherwise
("no" setting), transmission of the active message telegram takes place immediately after a
device reset and thus generally when the standby switch-off is used.
Feedback in its function as an active signalling object can also be transmitted cyclically as an
option in addition to transmission when the object value changes, although this is only possible
if the delay times, and thus the standby switch-off, are not used. The parameter "Cyclical
transmission of feedback telegram ?" then specifies if cyclical transmission is enabled or not. If
enabled, the parameter "Time for cyclical transmission" on the same parameter page will define
the cycle time.
i After a device reset (mains voltage failure and return on Gateway, ETS programming
operation), the groups and devices set themselves to the specified behaviour after
initialisation (parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return" or KNX telegram). If an active
switch-off or switch-on occurs on a brightness value, the Gateway will also transmit global
status feedback according to the current state (possibly after a delay).
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4.2.4.2.5 Manual operation
The DALI Gateway offers manual operation for all the available DALI groups and single devices.
The button field with 4 function keys and 3 status LEDs on the front panel of the device can be
used for setting the following modes of operation...
Bus control: operation from touch sensors or other bus devices
Temporary manual control: manual control locally with keypad, automatic return to bus
control,
Permanent manual control: local manual control with keypad.
The operation of the function keys, the control of the outputs and the status display are
described in detail in chapter "Operation" (see page 13-14). Configuration, status feedback,
disabling via a bus telegram and interaction with other functions of the DALI Gateway when
manual operation is activated and deactivated will be described in greater detail in the following
sections.
Manual operation is possible only when the mains voltage supply to the Gateway is switched
on. In the delivery state of the DALI Gateway, manual operation is fully enabled. In this
unprogrammed state, all connected DALI operating devices can be controlled using the
broadcast function so that fast function checking of the connected electronic ballasts (e.g. on
the construction site) is possible.
After initial commissioning of the Gateway via the ETS, manual operation can be enabled or
disabled separately for various states of operation. Manual control can, for instance, be
disabled during bus operation (bus voltage applied). Another option consists in the complete
disabling of the manual control only in case of bus voltage failure. Therefore manual control can
be disabled completely, if the bus disable and bus failure disable are active.
Enabling the manual control mode
Manual control for the different states of operation is enabled by means of the parameters
"Manual control in case of bus voltage failure" and "Manual control during bus operation".
o Set the parameter "Manual control in case of bus voltage failure" to "enabled".
Manual control is then basically enabled when the bus voltage is off. This setting
corresponds to the setting of the actuator as delivered.
o Set the parameter "Manual control in case of bus voltage failure" to "disabled".
Manual control is completely disabled when the bus voltage is off. Since bus operation is
also not possible in this state, the DALI groups of the Gateway can no longer be controlled.
o Set the parameter "Manual control during bus operation" to "enabled".
Manual control is then basically enabled when the bus voltage is on. The DALI groups and
single devices of the Gateway can be controlled via the bus or by manual operation. This
setting corresponds to the setting of the actuator as delivered.
o Set the parameter "Manual control during bus operation" to "disabled".
Manual control is completely disabled when the bus voltage is on. In this configuration, the
DALI groups and the single devices of the Gateway can only be operated via the bus.
i Manual control is possible only while the actuator is supplied with power from the mains.
Manual operation ends in case of bus voltage failure, bus voltage return or mains voltage
failure.
i Further parameters and communication objects of the manual control are visible only in the
configuration "Manual control during bus operation = enabled". For this reason, the
disabling function, the status message and bus control disabling can only be configured in
the above parameter setting.
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Presetting the behaviour at the beginning and at the end of manual control
The manual control distinguishes the temporary and permanent manual control. The behaviour
is different depending on these modes of operation, especially at the end of manual control. It
should be noted that bus operation, - i.e. control of the DALI groups and single devices by direct
operation (switching / dimming / brightness value / scenes / central) or by the disabling or forced
position functions - is always disabled during activated manual operation. This means that the
manual control mode has the highest priority.
Behaviour at the beginning of manual control:
The behaviour at the beginning of manual control does not differ for temporary and permanent
manual control. During activation of the manual operation, the brightness statuses of the DALI
groups and single devices remain unchanged. Flashing feature during disabling function: The
flashing of a disabling function is interrupted at the beginning of the manual operation. The
brightness remains at the most recently set flash state ("ON" or "OFF). The switching status is
indicated as "ON". Active forced position functions or disabling functions can be overridden by
manual control. These functions are reactivated after deactivation of the manual mode unless
they have been cancelled in the meantime.
Behaviour at the end of manual control:
The behaviour at the end of manual control is different for temporary and permanent manual
control. Temporary manual operation mode is shut off automatically when the last group or - if
single devices are configured - the last single device has been addressed and when the select
key c is pressed once again. During deactivation of the temporary manual operation mode, the
Gateway returns to 'normal' bus operation and does not change the brightness states selected
by manual control. However, if a forced position or disabling function was activated via the bus
before or during manual operation of emergency operation, the Gateway executes these
functions of a higher priority again for the groups and single devices concerned.
The permanent manual control mode is shut off, when the select key c is pressed for more
than 5 seconds. Depending on the configuration of the Gateway in the ETS, the groups will be
set to the state last adjusted in manual operation or to the state internally tracked (direct
operation, forced position, disabling) when the permanent manual operation is switched off. The
parameter "Behaviour at the end of permanent manual control during bus operation" defines the
corresponding reaction.
o Set the parameter "Behaviour at the end of permanent manual control during bus
operation" to "no change".
All telegrams received during an active permanent manual control mode for direct
operation (switching, dimming, brightness value, central, scenes) will be rejected. After the
end of the permanent manual control mode, the current brightness state of all the groups
and single devices remains unchanged. If, however, a forced position or disabling function
was activated via the bus before or during manual operation of emergency operation, the
Gateway executes these functions of a higher priority again for the groups concerned.
o Set the parameter "Behaviour at the end of permanent manual control during bus
operation" to "track outputs".
During active permanent manual control all incoming telegrams are tracked internally. At
the end of manual operation, the groups and single devices are set to the last tracked
brightness states. If a forced position or disabling function was activated via the bus before
or during manual operation of emergency operation, the Gateway executes these functions
of a higher priority again for the groups and single devices concerned.
i The behaviour at the end of the permanent manual control when the bus voltage is off (only
manual control) is permanently set to "no change".
i The control operations triggered in the manual control mode will be transmitted via
feedback objects to the bus, if enabled and actively transmitting.
i On failure/return of bus voltage or after programming with the ETS, an activated manual
operation mode will always be terminated. In this case, the parameterized or predefined
behaviour at the end of manual control will not be executed. Instead, the Gateway executes
the configured behaviour on bus/mains voltage return or after ETS programming.
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Presetting a manual control disable
The manual control mode can be separately disabled via the bus, even if it is already active. If
the disabling function is enabled, then as soon as a disabling telegram is received via the
disabling object, the Gateway immediately terminates an activated manual operation and locks
the function keys on the front panel of the device. The telegram polarity of the disabling object is
parameterisable.
The manual control mode during bus operation must be enabled.
o Set the parameter "Disabling function manual control ?" on parameter page "Manual
control" to "yes".
The disabling function of the manual control mode is enabled and the disabling object is
visible.
o Select the desired telegram polarity in the "Polarity of the manual operation disabling
object" parameter.
i In the polarity "1 = enabled / 0 = disabled", the disabling function is immediately active on
return of bus/mains voltage or after an ETS programming operation (object value = "0"). To
activate the manual control in this case, an enable telegram "1" must first be sent to the
disabling object.
i In case of bus voltage failure, disabling via the disabling object is always inactive
(depending on parameterization, the manual control is then either enabled or completely
disabled). After return of bus voltage, a disabled state that was active beforehand is always
inactive when the polarity of the disabling object is non-inverted.
i In the event of failure of the supply voltage (mains voltage failure), disabling is deactivated
via the disabling object.
i When an active manual control is terminated by a disable, the actuator will also transmit a
"Manual control inactive" status telegram to the bus, if the status messaging function is
enabled.
i The "Automatic device replacement" function is not influenced by the disabling function of
the manual operation.
Presetting the status message function for the manual control mode
The DALI Gateway can transmit a status message to the bus via a separate object when the
manual operation is activated or deactivated. The status telegram can only be transmitted when
the bus voltage is switched on. The polarity of the status telegram can be parameterised.
The manual control mode during bus operation must be enabled.
o Set the parameter "Status manual control ?" on parameter page "Manual control" to "yes".
The status messaging function of manual control is enabled and the status object is visible.
o Specify in the parameter "Status object function and polarity" whether the status telegram
is generally a "1" telegram whenever the manual control mode is activated or only in those
cases where the permanent manual mode is activated.
i The status object is always "0" when the manual control mode is deactivated.
i The status is only transmitted actively to the bus ("0") after return of bus voltage when an
activated manual control is ended by the bus return during the bus voltage failure. The
status telegram is in this case transmitted without delay.
i When active manual control is terminated by a disable, the actuator will also transmit a
"Manual control inactive" status telegram to the bus.
Setting disabling of the bus control
Individual DALI groups and single devices can be disabled locally so that the disabled DALI
operating devices can no longer be controlled via the KNX. Such disabling of the bus operation
is initiated by local operation in permanent manual operation and is indicated by flashing of the
group or single device number in the 7-segment display. The disabled groups and single
devices can then only be activated in permanent manual operation.
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The manual control mode during bus operation must be enabled.
o Set the parameter "Bus control of individual groups or single devices can be disabled ?" on
parameter page "Manual control" to "yes".
The function for disabling the bus control is enabled and can be activated locally.
Alternatively, this parameter can be set to "no" to prevent disabling of the bus control from
being activated in permanent manual operation.
i The disabling initiated locally has the highest priority. Thus, all other functions of the
Gateway that can be activated via the bus (e.g. emergency operation, forced position or
disabling function) are overridden. Depending on the configuration of the Gateway in the
ETS, the groups and single devices will be set to the state last adjusted in manual
operation or to the state internally tracked (direct operation, emergency operation, forced
position, disabling) when permanent manual operation is disabled and subsequently
switched off.
i Any disabling of the bus control activated locally is not reset in case of bus voltage failure
or return. A failure of the supply voltage (mains voltage failure) or an ETS programming
operation always deactivates disabling of the bus control.
DALI device replacement
After starting the automatic device replacement, the DALI Gateway is able to check the
completeness of the previously operated DALI operating devices. If, for example, a defective
DALI electronic ballast was removed by an installation engineer and replaced by a new one, the
DALI Gateway is able to program the new electronic ballast with the programming data of the
failed electronic ballast. This makes it possible to replace a failed DALI operating device by a
simple operation on the device and without any configuration work in the ETS.
Activation of the automatic device replacement and the steps necessary to perform the
replacement operation are described in detail in the "Commissioning" chapter of this
documentation (see page 12). The section below documents the ETS configuration of this
function.
Setting enabling for DALI device replacement
In the ETS configuration, it is possible to specify whether or not an automatic device
replacement can be executed through local control on the DALI Gateway.
o Set the parameter "Enable DALI device replacement through manual operation ?" on the
parameter page "General" to "yes".
Automatic DALI device replacement can be initiated and executed through local control on
the DALI Gateway.
o Set the parameter "Enable DALI device replacement through manual operation ?" to "no".
Automatic DALI device replacement is not possible. The operating function is disabled
locally.
i During automatic device replacement, all the other functions of the DALI Gateway are
stopped. During device replacement, the Gateway tracks all the received bus states and
evaluates the most recently tracked values (switching, dimming, brightness value, scenes,
effects, central function, emergency operation, forced position, disabling function) normally
at the end of automatic device replacement. Active emergency operation or an active
forced position or disabling function is interrupted by device replacement and reactivated at
the end of the replacement operation if the functions have not been deactivated in the
meantime. The behaviour as at the beginning of the forced position or disabling function is
not executed again.
i Automatic device replacement can also be executed when manual operation is disabled.
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4.2.4.2.6 Central function
Central function
The Gateway offers the possibility of linking selected individual or all groups and single devices
with a 1-bit central communication object. The behaviour in case of activation via the central
function is comparable to a central group address linked with all "Switching" objects. The groups
and single devices assigned to the central function are activated in accordance with the central
object value received. The polarity of the central telegram can be configured as inverted.
The behaviour of the groups and devices is identical to the normal control via the "Switch"
objects (same priority – last switching command is executed ). Thus, all downstream functions,
such as timing/supplementary functions, are also taken into account.
Enabling the central function
o Enable the central function on parameter page "General" by setting the "Central function ?"
to "Yes".
If a function is active, the "Central function for groups and devices" communication object is
visible.
Assigning groups and single devices to the central function
Each DALI group and each planned single device can be assigned to the central function
independently. The central function must have been enabled on parameter page "General".
Otherwise, no assignment is possible.
o Set the Parameter "Assignment to central function ?" in the parameter node "Addressing ->
Groups ... - [x] Group name - Switching" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Device
name – Switching" to "yes".
The group or the single device is assigned to the central function. The assigned DALI
operating devices can be switched on or off centrally.
i The switching state set by the central function is tracked in the feedback objects and also
transmitted to the bus, if these are actively transmitting. The switching state set by a central
function is not tracked in the "switching" objects.
i After a bus/mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS, the central function is
always inactive (object value "0").
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4.2.4.3 Description of group and device functions
4.2.4.3.1 Definition of the brightness range
Settable brightness range
The settable brightness range of a DALI group or a single device can be limited by defining a
lower and upper brightness value. The parameters "Minimum brightness" and "Maximum
brightness" in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups -> [x] Group name" (x = Group
number 1…32) or "Addressing -> Single devices -> [x] Device name" (x = Short address 1...64)
specify the brightness values, which may not be undershot or exceeded when the Gateway is in
a switched-on operating state (Figure 35). In this way, the brightness of the controlled lamps of
the DALI operating devices can be adapted individually – even to the brightness sensitivity of
the human eye. The configured minimum brightness can be undershot only by switching off.
Furthermore, the brightness value, which is set whenever switching on via the "Switching" or the
"Central function switching" object on the DALI operating devices, can be predefined. The
parameter "Switch-on brightness" defines this brightness separately for each group and each
single device. The settable value is anywhere between the minimum and maximum.
Figure 33: Example of a brightness range with switch-on brightness
Setting the minimum brightness
The minimum brightness can be set separately for each DALI group and each single device.
o Set the "Minimum brightness" parameter in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups
... -> [x] Group" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast" to the required
brightness value.
The set brightness is not undershot in any switched-on operating state.
i The upper limit of the settable value selection is limited by the configured maximum
brightness (minimum brightness < maximum brightness).
i During editing of the minimum brightness, the ETS plug-in checks all the configured
brightness values of the group or the single device (e.g. switch-on brightness, scene
values) to determine whether the values undershoot the minimum brightness. If this is the
case, the plug-in will signal a value conflict and offer the following selection...
- the brightness values can be adjusted to the minimum brightness, or
- the minimum brightness setting is reset to its original value.
i If values are received by the brightness value object and are less than the configured
minimum brightness, then the Gateway will set the minimum brightness as the new
brightness value for the group or single device concerned.
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Setting the maximum brightness
The maximum brightness can be set separately for each DALI group and each single device.
o Set the "Maximum brightness" parameter in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups
... -> [x] Group" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast" to the required
brightness value.
The set brightness is not undershot in any switched-on operating state.
i The lower limit of the selection of the value settable is limited by the configured minimum
brightness (minimum brightness < maximum brightness).
i During editing of the maximum brightness, the ETS plug-in checks all the configured
brightness values of the group or the single device (e.g. switch-on brightness, scene
values), to see if the values exceed the maximum brightness. If this is the case, the plug-in
will signal a value conflict and offer the following selection...
- the brightness values can be adjusted to the maximum brightness, or
- the maximum brightness setting is reset to its original value.
i If values are received by the brightness value object and are greater than the configured
maximum brightness, then the Gateway will set the maximum brightness as the new
brightness value for the group or single device concerned.
Setting the switch-on brightness
The switch-on brightness can be set separately for each DALI group and each single device.
o Set the "Switch-on brightness" parameter in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups
... -> [x] Group" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast" to "Brightness
value". In the selection box, configure the necessary brightness value.
The set brightness is set after receipt of an ON telegram via the "Switching" communication
object or after receipt of a central telegram with the polarity "Activated" by the assigned
operating devices.
o Set the parameter "Switch-on brightness" to "Memory value (brightness before switching off
last time)".
On switch-on, the active and internally-saved brightness value prior to switching off last
time is set (via the "Switching" or "Central function switching" object). This memory value is
saved in the volatile memory, which means that the value is predefined to maximum
brightness after a bus or mains voltage return or an ETS programming operation.
i In the "Brightness value" setting: The selection of the settable value is limited to the
configured minimum brightness at the lower limit and by the configured maximum
brightness at the upper limit.
i A memory value is also then saved internally by a switch-off telegram if the bus-controlled
switch-off is overridden, for example, by a disable or forced position function or by a
manual operation. In this case, the internally tracked brightness value is saved as memory
value.
i If no soft ON function is activated, the brightness value is more or less jumped to when
switching on (using minimum DALI fading of 0.7 seconds). Once a soft ON function is
activated, the switch-on brightness is dimmed according to the dimming speed for the soft
ON function.
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4.2.4.3.2 Response after a device reset
The switching states or brightness values of the DALI groups or single devices after a bus
voltage failure, bus or mains voltage return or after ETS programming can be preset separately.
Presetting the behaviour after ETS programming
The parameter "Behaviour after ETS programming operation" is available separately for each
group or each single device in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast". This parameter can be used to
configure the brightness behaviour, irrespective of the behaviour after a bus or mains voltage
return.
o Set the parameter to "No change".
After an ETS programming operation, the assigned DALI operating devices show no
response and remain in the currently set brightness value or are switched off.
o Set the parameter to "switch off".
The DALI operating devices are switched off by the ETS after a programming operation.
o Set the parameter to "Brightness value". In the selection box, configure the necessary
brightness value.
The DALI operating devices are set to the predefined brightness value in the selection box
next to the parameter. The selection of the settable value is limited by the configured
minimum and maximum brightness.
i The configured behaviour will be executed after every application or parameter download
by the ETS. A simple download of the physical address alone or partial programming of
only the group addresses has the effect that this parameter is disregarded and that the
configured "Behaviour after bus voltage return" will be executed instead.
i An ETS programming operation can only be executed if the mains voltage supply of the
DALI Gateway is switched on.
i In the "No change" setting: The communication objects of the Gateway are initialised with
"0" after a programming operation. In this case, the switching status or brightness value
feedback only corresponds to the 'true' brightness state when the group or the single
device have been controlled at least once via the bus or by manual operation. In this
setting, feedback objects set as actively transmitting do not transmit a telegram.
i An active manual mode will be terminated by an ETS programming operation.
i After an ETS programming operation, the disabling functions and the forced-positions are
always deactivated.
i After an ETS programming operation, the DALI Gateway initialises itself and configures the
connected operating devices with the configuration data via the DALI cable. For this
reason, the entire DALI system must be connected and fully switched-on after an ETS
programming operation. If, in this situation, there is an error on the DALI cable (e.g. shortcircuit, cable break), then the DALI configuration cannot be executed. The error must then
be eliminated and ETS programming restarted. During the configuration operation, "- -" is
displayed in the 7-segment display on the front panel of the device.
If KNX telegrams for groups or single devices are received during Gateway initialisation,
then the device will perform the most recently specified command and not the configured
behaviour after an ETS programming operation.
Setting the behaviour in case of bus voltage failure
The parameter "Behaviour on bus voltage failure" is available separately for each group or each
single device in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group" or "Addressing ->
Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast".
o Set the parameter to "No change".
If there is a bus voltage failure, the assigned DALI operating devices show no response
and remain in the currently set brightness value or are switched off.
o Set the parameter to "switch off".
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o
The DALI operating devices are switched off when there is a bus voltage failure.
Set the parameter to "Brightness value". In the selection box, configure the necessary
brightness value.
The DALI operating devices are set to the predefined brightness value in the selection box
next to the parameter. The selection of the settable value is limited by the configured
minimum and maximum brightness.
i If there is a voltage failure on the DALI cable (e.g. due to short-circuit, cable break, mains
voltage failure on on DALI Gateway), then the assigned DALI operating devices will also
show the configured behaviour when the bus voltage fails. This is guaranteed because the
parameter setting in the DALI operating devices is applied as the "System Failure Level"
after an ETS programming operation.
Exception: Optionally, the System Failure Level can - irrespective of the behaviour in case
of bus voltage return - be set on centrally-supplied emergency lights to a separate
brightness value for emergency operation. In these cases, it is not the configuration for the
"Behaviour on bus voltage failure" which is applied as the System Failure Level, but the
brightness defined for emergency operation (see page 129-130).
i In the event of a bus failure or mains voltage failure, the current states of the forced
positions are also saved so that they can be tracked in the event of bus or mains voltage
return if necessary (depending on the configuration of the forced positions).
i Active disabling functions or forced position functions are always cancelled by a bus
voltage failure and are subsequently inactive in the connection.
Setting the behaviour after bus voltage return
The parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return" is available separately for each group or
each single device in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast". The parameter also defines the
behaviour of the DALI Gateway after mains voltage return.
o Set the parameter to "No change".
After bus/mains voltage return, the assigned DALI operating devices show no response
and remain in the currently set brightness value or are switched off.
o Set the parameter to "switch off".
The DALI operating devices are switched off after bus/mains voltage return.
o Set parameter to "brightness value before bus voltage failure".
After bus/mains voltage return, the brightness value set most recently before the bus/mains
voltage failure and saved internally on bus/mains voltage failure will be tracked.
o Set the parameter to "Brightness value". In the selection box, configure the necessary
brightness value.
The DALI operating devices are set to the predefined brightness value in the selection box
next to the parameter. The selection of the settable value is limited by the configured
minimum and maximum brightness.
o Set the parameter to "Start staircase function".
The staircase function is – irrespective of the "Switching" object - activated after bus/mains
voltage return.
i After mains voltage return, the DALI Gateway initialises itself briefly. During initialisation,
"- -" is displayed in the 7-segment display on the front panel of the device.
i The "Start staircase function" setting is only available when the staircase function is
enabled for the affected group or the affected single device. If this setting was selected and
the staircase function was deactivated later, the parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage
return" automatically sets itself to the "No change" setting.
i Setting "brightness value as before bus/mains voltage failure": An ETS programming
operation of the application or the parameter resets the internally-stored switching state to
"OFF - 0".
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i In the "No change" setting: The communication objects of the Gateway are initialised with
"0" after bus/mains voltage return. In this case, the switching status or brightness value
feedback only corresponds to the 'true' brightness state when the group or the single
device have been controlled at least once via the bus or by manual operation. In this
setting, feedback objects set as actively transmitting do not transmit a telegram.
i If mains voltage is only switched on the connected DALI operating devices (e.g. supply
from an external mains conductor), the operating devices set themselves to the brightness
specified in their "Power on level". After an ETS programming operation, this value is
programmed into the operating devices by the DALI Gateway and corresponds to the
setting of the parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return". In the settings "Brightness
value before bus voltage failure" and "Start staircase function", the command "No change"
is programmed into the operating devices as the power-on-level.
If the mains voltage of the DALI Gateway is switched on, the device only executes the
parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return" after initialisation. It may occur that the
DALI operating devices react more quickly after bus voltage return and set themselves to
the power-on level before the Gateway can transmit individual commands on the DALI
cable. This may result in short brightness jumps.
If KNX telegrams for groups or single devices are received during Gateway initialisation,
the device will perform the most recently specified command and not the configured
behaviour after bus voltage return.
i When using standby switch-off and the delay until start-up of the DALI devices, ensure that
the parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return" is configured as "Switch off". This
means that the affected devices do not switch-on directly when the mains voltage returns
but only after they have received an appropriate DALI command from the Gateway via the
DALI cable.
i In the case of forced position as supplementary function: The communication object of the
forced position can be initialised separately after bus voltage return. This has an effect on
the reaction of the group or the single device when the forced position is activated. The
configured "Behaviour on bus voltage return" is only executed when no forced position after
a bus voltage return is activated.
i With disabling function as supplementary function: Active disabling functions are always
inactive after bus or mains voltage return.
i A switching state and brightness value set after bus/mains voltage return is tracked in the
feedback objects.
i Manual control is possible only while the actuator is supplied with power from the mains.
Manual operation ends in case of bus voltage failure, bus voltage return or mains voltage
failure. Manual operation in broadcast mode (unprogrammed DALI Gateway) cannot be
terminated by a bus voltage failure/bus voltage return.
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4.2.4.3.3 Supplementary function
Supplementary function
Supplementary functions can be enabled for each DALI group and each single device. As a
supplementary function, a disabling or alternatively a forced position function can be configured.
In this respect, only one of these functions can be enabled for each group or single device.
The supplementary functions are enabled and configured in the parameter node "Groups - [x]
Group name" (x = Group number 1...32) or "Addressing -> Single device -> [x] Device name" (x
= Short address 1...64).
Setting disabling function as supplementary function
During an active disabling function, the KNX operation of the groups or single devices is
overridden and locked. Continuous light switching, for example, can also be overridden.
o In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group" or "Addressing -> Single
devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast", set the parameter "Type of supplementary functions" to
"Disabling function".
The disabling function is enabled. The communication object "Disabling function" and the
parameters of the disabling function become visible.
o Set the parameter "Polarity disabling object" to the desired polarity.
o Set the parameter "Behaviour at the beginning of the disabling function" to the required
behaviour.
At the beginning of the disabling function, the configured behaviour will be executed and
the bus control of the group or single device locked. In the "No change" setting, the
operating devices of the disabled group or the single device do not show any reaction. The
devices remain in the most recently set brightness state.
In the "Flashing" setting, the affected devices are switched on and off cyclically during
disabling. The "Flashing time" is generally configured in the parameter node "General".
During flashing, the logical switching state is fed back as "Switched on 1" and the
brightness value as "Switch-on brightness". A soft ON/OFF function is not executed during
flashing. In the "Memory value" setting, the active and internally saved brightness value
prior to switching off last time is set (via the "Switching" or "Central function switching"
object). This memory value is saved in the volatile memory, which means that after a bus/
mains voltage return or an ETS programming operation, the value is predefined to
maximum brightness.
o In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group name" or "Addressing ->
Single devices ... - [x] Device name", set the parameter "Behaviour at the end of the
disabling function" to the required behaviour.
At the end of the disabling function, the configured behaviour will be executed and the bus
control of the group or the single device enabled again. In the "No change" setting, the
operating devices of the disabled group or the single device do not show any reaction. The
devices remain in the state most recently set by the disabling function.
In "tracked brightness value", the set state received during the disabling function or
adjusted before the disabling function can be tracked at the end of the disabling with the
appropriate brightness. Any time functions still in progress will also be taken into account if
necessary.
In the "flashing" setting, the affected devices are switched on and off cyclically after the
disabling. The flashing time is generally configured in the parameter node "General".
During flashing, the logical switching state is fed back as "Switched on 1" and the
brightness value as "Switch-on brightness". A soft ON/OFF function is not executed during
flashing. The flashing status remains active until another bus command is received or
manual operation specifies another brightness value. In the "Memory value" setting, the
active and internally saved brightness value prior to switching off last time is set (via the
"Switching" or "Central function switching" object). This memory value is saved in the
volatile memory, which means that after a bus/mains voltage return or an ETS
programming operation, the value is predefined to maximum brightness.
i After a bus failure or mains voltage failure or programming the application or the
parameters with the ETS, the disabling function is always deactivated (object value "0").
With the inverted setting ("1 = enabled / 0 = disabled"), a telegram update "0" must first be
carried out after the initialisation until the disabling is activated.
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i Updates of the disabling object from "activated" to "deactivated do not produce any
reaction on the DALI operating devices.
i A group or single device that has been disabled via KNX can still be operated in manual
operation thereafter! At the end of a manual operation, the Gateway executes the disabling
reaction for the affected groups or devices once again if disabling is still activated at this
time.
i In the setting "Tracked brightness value": During a disabling function, the overridden
functions of the DALI Gateway (switching, dimming, brightness value) continue to be
executed internally. Consequently, newly received bus telegrams are evaluated and time
functions are triggered as well. At the end of the disabling, the tracked states are set. A
scene or effect recall (low polarity) is not tracked.
Setting forced position function as supplementary function
The forced position function can also be combined with other functions of a group or single
device. With an active forced position, the upstream functions are overridden so that the
affected group or device is locked. The forced position function possesses a separate 2-bit
communication object. The first bit (bit 0) of the object "Forced position" indicates whether
switch-off or switch-on is forced. If the dimming channel is switched on by force, an ETS
parameter defines which brightness value it should be switched on to. The second bit (bit 1) of
the object activates or deactivates the forced position (Figure 34).
The behaviour at the end of the forced position function can be configured. In addition, the
forced object can be initialised on bus or mains voltage return.
Figure 34: Bit coding of forced position
o
o
o
In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group" or "Addressing -> Single
devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast", set the parameter "Type of supplementary functions" to
"Forced position function".
The forced position function is enabled. The communication object "forced position" and
the parameter of the forced position function become visible.
Configure the parameter "Brightness for forced position active, ON" to the required
behaviour that should be executed if a forced control is activated via the communication
object.
In the "Brightness value" setting, the DALI operating devices set the brightness set in the
selection box during a forced position. The selectable value is restricted to the limits of the
configured minimum and maximum brightness. In the "No change" setting, bus operation is
locked but the operating devices show no response and remain in the most recently set
brightness state.
In the "Memory value" setting, the active and internally saved brightness value prior to
switching off last time is set (via the "Switching" or "Central function switching" object). This
memory value is saved in the volatile memory, which means that after a bus/mains voltage
return or an ETS programming operation, the value is predefined to maximum brightness.
Set the parameter "Behaviour at the end of the forced position" to the required behaviour.
At the end of the forced position, the configured behaviour will be executed. Bus operation
is enabled again. In the "No change" setting, the operating devices show no response and
remain in the brightness state last selected by the forced position. In "tracked brightness
value", the state received during the forced position function or the brightness value
adjusted before the function can be tracked at the end of the forced position. Any time
functions still in progress will also be taken into account if necessary.
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i Updates of the forced position object from "forced position active" to "forced position active"
while maintaining the switching status or from "forced position inactive" to "forced position
inactive" show no reaction.
i A group or single device that has been disabled via KNX can still be operated in manual
operation thereafter! At the end of a manual operation, the Gateway executes the forced
reaction for the affected groups or devices once again if the forced position is still activated
at this time.
i In the setting "tracked brightness value" at the end of the forced position: During a forced
position, the overridden functions of the DALI Gateway (switching, dimming, brightness
value) continue to be executed internally. Consequently, newly received bus telegrams are
evaluated and time functions are triggered as well. At the forced end, the tracked states are
set. A scene or effect recall (low polarity) is not tracked.
i The current state of the object of the forced position function will be stored in case of bus or
mains voltage failure.
o Set the parameter "behaviour after bus voltage return" to the required behaviour.
After bus or mains voltage return, the configured state is transferred to the "Forced
position" communication object. When a forced position is activated, the DALI group or the
single device is immediately activated and interlocked accordingly by forced control after
bus/mains voltage return until a forced control takes place via the bus. In this case, the
parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return" will not be evaluated.
In the "State before bus voltage failure" setting, after bus or mains voltage return, the last
existing and internally forced position state that was stored before the bus or mains voltage
failure will be tracked. An ETS programming operation deletes the stored state (reaction in
that case same as with "no forced position active"). If the tracked state corresponds to "No
forced position active", the force-independent parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage
return" will be executed on return of bus voltage. If forced position is activated, the DALI
operating devices are switched on to the brightness value predefined by the parameter
"Switch-on brightness for forced position, ON".
i After programming the application or parameters with the ETS, the forced position function
is always deactivated (object value "0").
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4.2.4.3.4 Feedback functions
Feedback for switching status and brightness value
The DALI Gateway can track the current switching state and brightness value of a DALI group
or single device via separate feedback objects and can also transmit them to the bus, if the bus
voltage is on. The following feedback objects can be enabled independently of each other for
each DALI group and each configured single device ...
- Feedback switching status (1-bit),
- Feedback brightness value (1-byte).
The Gateway calculates the object value of the feedback objects during each switching or
dimming operation. The Gateway tracks the switching state or brightness value and updates the
feedback objects, even when a group or single device is activated by the manual operation or
scene function or by using effects.
The switching status feedback object is updated after the following events...
Immediately after switch-on, (if necessary, first after a switch-on delay has elapsed and at
the beginning of a soft ON dimming procedure / also after a staircase function),
after switch-off, (if necessary, first after a run-on-time has elapsed and at the end of a soft
OFF dimming procedure / also after a staircase function),
immediately after switching off by means of the automatic switch-off function,
At the beginning of a dimming operation when dimming on (relatively high dimming or
brightness value = 1…100 %),
At the end of a dimming operation when dimming off (brightness value = 0 %),
If the switching state changes in normal operation (therefore not for dimming procedures
that do not change the switching state e.g. from 10 % to 50 % brightness),
At the start or end of a disabling or forced position function (if the switching state changes
as a result),
On scene recall or effect run-through (always when the switching state changes as a
result),
On bus/mains voltage return or at the end of an ETS programming operation (possibly also
delayed / exception: "No change").
The brightness value feedback object is updated after the following events...
At the end of a relative (4-bit) or absolute (1-byte) dimming procedure,
After switch-on, if the switch-on brightness is set (if necessary, first after a switch-on delay
has elapsed and at the end of a soft ON dimming procedure / also after a staircase
function),
after switch-off, (if necessary, first after a run-on-time has elapsed and at the end of a soft
OFF dimming procedure / also after a staircase function),
immediately after switching off by means of the automatic switch-off function,
if, in normal operation, the brightness value changes (if a brightness value specification
exceeds/undershoots the maximum/minimum brightness as a result of relative or absolute
dimming from outside or exceeds the maximum brightness, the Gateway updates
brightness value feedback according to the maximum brightness or minimum brightness),
at the start or end of a disabling or forced position function (if the brightness value changes
as a result),
on scene recall or effect run-through (if the brightness value changes as a result),
always on bus/mains voltage return or at the end of an ETS programming operation
(possibly also delayed / exception: "No change").
i In the case of enabling function as supplementary function: A flashing DALI group or single
device is always signalled back as "switched on" and with switch-on brightness. Switching
status feedbacks are also transmitted for disabled groups or devices when the outputs are
readjusted by a manual operation, for example.
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i The dimming characteristic is logarithmic, as is usual in a DALI system. In this way, the
brightness behaviour of the DALI lamp is adapted to the brightness sensitivity of the human
eye during dimming. When values are specified, the DALI Gateway automatically converts
the standard KNX linear dimming curve (0 / 0 % … 255 / 100 %) to a logarithmic one.
Value feedback to the KNX is also adjusted through conversion. On account of the internal
calculation process, there may be slight deviations between the specified and fed back
brightness value (e.g. specification = 50 % -> Feedback = 49 %).
Activate switching status feedback
The switching status feedback can be used as an active message object or as a passive status
object. As an active message object, the switching status feedback is also directly transmitted to
the bus whenever there is an update. As a passive status object, there is no telegram
transmission after an update. In this case, the object value must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the object communication flags required for proper functioning.
The parameter "Feedback switching status ?" is available separately for each DALI group or
each single device in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Switching" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Switching".
o Set the parameter to "yes, feedback object is active signalling object".
The "Switching status feedback" object is enabled. The switching status is transmitted once
the status is updated. An automatic telegram transmission of the feedback takes place after
bus/mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS (exception: "No change").
o Set the parameter to "yes, feedback object is passive status object".
The "Switching status feedback" object is enabled. The switching status will be transmitted
in response only if the feedback object is read out from by the bus. No automatic telegram
transmission of the feedback takes place after bus or mains voltage return or after
programming with the ETS.
Presetting update of the switching status feedback
In the ETS you can specify when the Gateway should update the feedback value for the
switching status in case of an actively transmitting communication object. The object value
updated by the Gateway is then signalled actively to the bus.
The parameter "Updating the object value for switching status feedback" is created separately
for each DALI group or each single device in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x]
Group -> Switching" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Switching".
The switching status feedback must be configured to actively transmitting.
o Set the parameter to "After each update of the inputs".
The Gateway updates the feedback value in the object once a new telegram is received on
the input objects "Switching" or "Central switching". With an actively transmitting feedback
object, a new telegram is also then actively transmitted to the bus each time. The telegram
value of the feedback does not necessarily have to change in the process. Hence, a
corresponding switching status feedback is also generated on the "Switching" object such
as in the case of cyclical telegrams for example.
In addition, feedback is transmitted at the beginning or end of a disabling or forced position
function, and also during an effect run-through, even if the feedback state does not change.
o Set the parameter to "Only if the feedback value changes".
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The Gateway only updates the feedback value in the object if the telegram value
(e.g. "OFF" to "ON") also changes. If the telegram value of the feedback does not change
(e.g. in the case of cyclical telegrams to the "Switching" object with the same telegram
value), the feedback then remains unchanged. Consequently, with an actively transmitting
feedback object, no telegram with the same content will be transmitted repeatedly either.
This setting is recommendable, for instance, if the "Switching" and "Switching feedback"
objects are linked to an identical group address. This is often the case when activating by
means of light scene push-button sensors (recall and storage function).
Setting the switching status feedback on bus or mains voltage return or after
programming with the ETS
If used as an active message object, the switching status feedback state is transmitted to the
bus after bus or mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS. In these cases, the
feedback telegram can be delayed with the delay being preset globally for all DALI groups
together (cf. "Delay after bus/mains voltage return").
o Set the parameter "Time delay for feedback after bus voltage return" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Switching" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x]
Electronic ballast –> Switching" to "yes".
The switching status feedback is transmitted after a delay after bus or mains voltage return
or after programming with the ETS. No feedback telegram is transmitted during a running
delay, even if the switching state changes during this delay.
o Set the parameter "Time delay for feedback telegram after bus voltage return" to "no".
The switching status feedback is transmitted immediately after bus or mains voltage return
or after programming with the ETS.
i The behaviour of a group or a single device after bus voltage return and after an ETS
programming operation can be configured in the ETS and set to "No change". In this case,
the communication objects of the Gateway are initialised with "0". In this case, the
switching status feedback only corresponds to the 'true' brightness state when the group or
the single device has been controlled at least once via the bus or by manual operation. In
this setting, feedback objects set as actively transmitting do not transmit a telegram.
Presetting the cyclical transmission function for the switching status feedback telegram
The switching status feedback telegram can also be transmitted cyclically via the active
message object in addition to the transmission after updating.
o Set the parameter "Cyclical transmission of feedback telegram?" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Switching" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x]
Electronic ballast –> Switching" to "yes".
Cyclical transmission is activated.
o Set the parameter "Cyclical transmission of feedback telegram" to "no".
Cyclical transmission is deactivated so that the feedback telegram is only transmitted when
a switching status is updated.
i The cycle time is defined centrally for all DALI groups and single devices in the parameter
node "General -> Status and feedback".
i During an active delay, no feedback telegram will be transmitted even if a switching state
changes.
Activate brightness value feedback
The brightness value feedback can be used as an active message object or as a passive status
object. As an active message object, the brightness value feedback information is also directly
transmitted to the bus whenever there is an update. As a passive status object, there is no
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telegram transmission after an update. In this case, the object value must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the object communication flags required for proper functioning.
The parameter "Feedback brightness value ?" is available separately for each DALI group or
each single device in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Dimming".
o Set the parameter to "yes, feedback object is active signalling object".
The "brightness value feedback" object is enabled. The brightness value is transmitted
once this is updated. An automatic telegram transmission of the feedback takes place after
bus/mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS (exception: "No change").
o Set the parameter to "yes, feedback object is passive status object".
The "brightness value feedback" object is enabled. The brightness value will be transmitted
in response only if the feedback object is read out from by the bus. No automatic telegram
transmission of the feedback takes place after bus or mains voltage return or after
programming with the ETS.
Presetting update of the brightness value feedback
In the ETS, you can specify when the Gateway should update the feedback value for the
brightness value in case of an actively transmitting communication object. The object value
updated by the Gateway is then signalled actively to the bus.
The parameter "Updating the object value for brightness value feedback" is created separately
for each DALI group or each single device in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x]
Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Dimming".
The brightness value feedback must be configured to actively transmitting.
o Set the parameter to "After each update of the inputs".
The Gateway updates the feedback value in the object once a new telegram is received on
the input object "brightness feedback". With an actively transmitting feedback object, a new
telegram is also then actively transmitted to the bus each time. The telegram value of the
feedback does not necessarily have to change in the process. Hence, a corresponding
brightness value feedback is also generated on the "brightness value feedback" object
such as in the case of cyclical telegrams for example.
In addition, feedback is transmitted at the beginning or end of a disabling or forced position
function, and also during an effect run-through, even if the feedback value does not
change.
o Set the parameter to "Only if the feedback value changes".
The Gateway only updates the feedback value in the object if the telegram value
(e.g. "0 %" to "100 %") also changes. If the telegram value of the feedback does not
change (e.g. in the case of cyclical telegrams to the "brightness value" object with the same
telegram value), the feedback then remains unchanged. Consequently, with an actively
transmitting feedback object, no telegram with the same content will be transmitted
repeatedly either.
This setting is recommendable, for instance, if the "brightness value" and "brightness value
feedback" objects are linked to an identical group address. This is often the case when
activating by means of light scene push-button sensors (recall and storage function).
Setting the brightness value feedback on bus or mains voltage return or after
programming with the ETS
If used as an active message object, the brightness value feedback state is transmitted to the
bus after bus or mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS. In these cases, the
feedback telegram can be delayed with the delay being preset globally for all DALI groups
together (cf. "Delay after bus/mains voltage return").
o Set the parameter "Time delay for feedback after bus voltage return" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x]
Electronic ballast -> Dimming" to "yes".
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The brightness value feedback is transmitted after a delay after bus or mains voltage return
or after programming with the ETS. No feedback telegram is transmitted during a running
delay, even if the brightness value changes during this delay.
o Set the parameter "Time delay for feedback telegram after bus voltage return" to "no".
The brightness value feedback is transmitted immediately after bus or mains voltage return
or after programming with the ETS.
i The behaviour of a group or a single device after bus voltage return and after an ETS
programming operation can be configured in the ETS and set to "No change". In this case,
the communication objects of the Gateway are initialised with "0". In this case, the
brightness value feedback only corresponds to the 'true' brightness state when the group or
the single device has been controlled at least once via the bus or by manual operation. In
this setting, feedback objects set as actively transmitting do not transmit a telegram.
Presetting the cyclical transmission function for the brightness value feedback telegram
The brightness value feedback telegram can also be transmitted cyclically via the active
message object in addition to the transmission after updating.
o Set the parameter "Cyclical transmission of feedback telegram?" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x]
Electronic ballast -> Dimming" to "yes".
Cyclical transmission is activated.
o Set the parameter "Cyclical transmission of feedback telegram" to "no".
Cyclical transmission is deactivated so that the feedback telegram is only transmitted to the
bus when the brightness value is updated.
i The cycle time is defined centrally for all DALI groups and single devices in the parameter
node "General -> Status and feedback".
i During an active delay, no feedback telegram will be transmitted even if a brightness value
changes.
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4.2.4.3.5 Dimming characteristic and dimming behaviour
Dimming characteristic and dimming speeds
The brightness of operating devices of a DALI group or a configured single device can be
changed by a dimming operation. The limits of a brightness range, settable using a dimming
operation, are defined by the maximum and minimum brightness specified in the ETS
(Figure 35).
Figure 35: Settable brightness range when dimming (example)
A DALI group or single device can be dimmed by...
relative dimming:
Relative dimming can either be triggered by the 4-bit "dimming" communication object
available for each group or single device or by a long button-press of the manual operation.
The data format of the "dimming" object complies - as is normal with dimming actuators with the KNX standard DPT 3.007, which means that the dimming direction and relative
dimming increments can be predefined in the dimming telegram or dimming procedures
can also be stopped. In relative dimming by local manual operation on the DALI Gateway,
a dimming procedure is executed whilst the appropriate button is pressed. The dimming
process ends when the button is released or when the maximum brightness or minimum
brightness is reached.
In the plug-in of the DALI Gateway, the dimming speed for relative dimming can be
configured separately for each group and each single device.
absolute dimming:
Absolute dimming is triggered by specifying a brightness value. This value can be
predefined by the 1-byte "Brightness value" communication object of the KNX, which is
available separately in each group or single device. In addition, brightness values can also
be set by a disabling or forced position function or by the effect function. Absolute dimming
can also be activated, even in case of bus voltage failure, after bus or mains voltage return
or after programming with the ETS, by specifying brightness values.
When predefining a brightness value via the object, by a scene recall or by an effect step, it
is possible to configure (separately for each) in the ETS plug-in whether the value is
jumped to directly or alternatively whether it is dimmed to using a dimming time. In the case
of all other absolute dimming functions, the brightness values are always instantly jumped
to.
i Even if brightness values are instantly jumped to, the dimming procedure on DALI
operating devices always takes a very short time as well as when switching without soft ON
or soft OFF. This dimming procedure is dependent on the system. The brightness value
jumped to will be dimmed to within 0.7 seconds (short fading). This time cannot be altered.
On the DALI Gateway, it is possible that the setting of a dimming time for relative dimming or
absolute dimming (with dimming to the brightness values) can take place for the entire
brightness range of the system (Figure 36). The time entered in the ETS defines the maximum
length for the logarithmic dimming usual in the DALI system over the entire brightness range of
0 % to 100 %. The dimming step times can be derived from the configured times.
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Examples:
Configured time for relative dimming = 10 seconds / set brightness value = 50 % -> relative
dimming from 50 % to 100 % -> the dimming operation takes 5 seconds.
Configured time for absolute dimming = 20 seconds / set brightness value = 25 % -> absolute
dimming from 25 % to 100 % -> the dimming operation takes 15 seconds.
i When the dimming times are configured, the dimming time is always defined for the entire
brightness range (0...100 %). A minimum or maximum brightness configured in the ETS
does not limit the dimming times, but only specifies the dimmable range.
Figure 36: Dimming characteristic for relative or absolute dimming as an example with minimum
brightness and maximum brightness
The dimming characteristic is logarithmic, as is usual in a DALI system. In this way, the
brightness behaviour of the DALI lamp is adapted to the brightness sensitivity of the human eye
during dimming. When values are specified, the DALI Gateway automatically converts the
standard KNX linear dimming curve (0 / 0 % … 255 / 100 %) to a logarithmic one. Value
feedback to the KNX is also adjusted through conversion. On account of the internal calculation
process, there may be slight deviations between the specified and fed back brightness value (e.
g. specification = 50 % -> Feedback = 49 %).
Setting dimming time for relative dimming
In the plug-in of the DALI Gateway, the dimming time for relative dimming can be set separately
for each group and each single device.
o Set the parameter "Time for relative dimming (0...100 %)" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x]
Electronic ballast -> Dimming" to the required dimming time.
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Setting dimming behaviour for absolute dimming
In the plug-in of the DALI Gateway, the dimming behaviour for absolute dimming can be set
separately for each group and each single device using the "Brightness value" object.
o Set the parameter "Dimming behaviour on receipt of a brightness value" in the parameter
node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices
... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Dimming" to "Dim to".
Once a new brightness value is received, it is set by means of the calculated dimming
increment time for absolute dimming.
o Set the parameter "Dimming behaviour after receipt of a brightness value" to "Jump to".
As soon as a new brightness value is received it will be instantly jumped to.
i Brightness values can also be set by a disabling or forced position function. Absolute
dimming can also be activated, even in case of bus voltage failure, after bus or mains
voltage return or after programming with the ETS, by specifying brightness values. In the
case of these absolute dimming functions, the brightness values are always instantly
jumped to. During a scene or effect recall, the dimming behaviour can be configured
separately.
Setting dimming time for absolute dimming
In the plug-in of the DALI Gateway, the dimming time for absolute dimming can be set
separately for each group and each single device using the "Brightness value" object.
The dimming behaviour must be configured as "Dim to".
o Set the parameter "Time for absolute dimming (0...100 %)" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x]
Electronic ballast -> Dimming" to the required dimming time.
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4.2.4.3.6 Automatic switch-off
Automatic switch-off
The switch-off function permits automatic switching of a DALI group or a single device after a
brightness value was dimmed or jumped to and this new brightness value is below a switch-off
brightness set in the ETS. A delay can be configured optionally until switching off (Figure 37).
The switch-off function is activated after reaching a constant brightness value, i.e. after a
completed dimming procedure through absolute or relative dimming. A new dimming operation,
which ends below switch-off brightness starts, starts any time delay which may be present. In
the same way, the switch-off function is interrupted if the switch-off brightness is exceed during
a dimming operation.
The automatic switch-off function, for example, not only makes it possible to set the lighting to
minimum brightness but to switch off by means of relative dimming as well. A further
application, for example, is time-controlled "Good night switch-off" of a dimmed children's room
lighting.
Figure 37: Dimming and switching behaviour of the automatic switch-off function
i Switching off always takes place without soft OFF function, i.e. jumping.
i The switch-off brightness in the dimmable brightness range can be set between the
configured maximum and minimum brightness. Automatic switch-off does not take place if
"Switch-off brightness = Minimum brightness" is set, since the switch-off brightness cannot
be undershot. In the same way, the switch-off function is always active if the switch-off
brightness is configured to maximum brightness and the maximum brightness is randomly
undershot.
i The feedback objects for switching state and brightness value are updated by the
automatic switch-off function after switching off.
The switch-off function can also be combined with other functions of the DALI Gateway. It
should be noted that the disabling function, the forced position function, the scene function and
the effect function override the switch-off function. The automatic switch-off can only be
activated by a dimming procedure initiated via the 4-bit ("dimming") or 1-byte ("brightness
value") communication object. If the switch-off function is overridden, the DALI Gateway
terminates the processing of the delay time and the evaluation of the switch-off brightness.
Switching on (switch-on brightness) using the communication object "Switching" does not
activate the switch-off function.
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Enabling automatic switch-off function
In the plug-in of the DALI Gateway, the automatic switch-off function can be set separately for
each group and each single device.
o Set the parameter "Automatic switch-off when undershooting a brightness ?" in the
parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single
devices ... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Dimming" to "yes".
The automatic switch-off function is enabled. Additional parameters become visible.
Setting the switch-off brightness
The switch-off brightness must be defined for the switch-off function. The switch-off function is
set separately for each DALI device and each single device.
The switch-off function must be enabled.
o Set the parameter "Switch-off when brightness value less than" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x]
Electronic ballast -> Dimming" to the required brightness value.
Once a dimming procedure causes a value to fall below the parameterized shutoff
brightness and once the brightness has been set to constant, the DALI group or the single
device switches off or alternatively starts the delay until switching off. The parameter
selection is restricted to the limits of the minimum and maximum brightness.
Setting the delay of the switch-off function
A time delay can be activated before the switch-off function switches-off automatically after
undershooting the switch-off brightness at the end of a dimming procedure. The time delay can
optionally be enabled separately for each DALI group and each single device.
The switch-off function must be enabled.
o Set the parameter "Delay until switching off ?" in the parameter node "Addressing ->
Groups ... - [x] Group -> Dimming" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Electronic
ballast -> Dimming" to "yes". Configure the parameter "Delay until switching off" to the
required time.
Once a dimming procedure causes a value to fall below the parameterized shutoff
brightness and once the brightness has been set to constant, the DALI Gateway triggers
the delay time. The DALI Group or the single device concerned switches off for good once
the delay time has elapsed. The delay time can be re-triggered by further dimming
procedures.
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4.2.4.3.7 Switch-on and switch-off behaviour
Time delays
Up to two time functions can be preset independently of each other for each DALI group and
each single device. The time functions affect the communication objects "Switching" or "Central
function switching" only (if the central function is activated for the group or the single device)
and delay the object value received depending on the telegram polarity .
Activating switch-on delay
The switch-on delay can be set separately in the plug-in of the DALI Gateway for each group
and each single device.
o In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Switch-on/Switch-off
behaviour" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Switch-on/Switchoff behaviour", set the parameter "Selection of time delay" to "Switch-on delay" or to
"switch-on delay and switch-off delay". Configure the desired switch-on delay.
The switch-on delay is enabled. After reception of an ON telegram via the "switching"
object, the configurable time is started. Another ON-telegram triggers the time only when
the parameter "Switch-on delay retriggerable " is set to "yes". An OFF-telegram received
during the ON-delay will end the delay and sets the switching status to "OFF".
Activating switch-off delay
The switch-off delay can be set separately in the plug-in of the DALI Gateway for each group
and each single device.
o In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... - [x] Group -> Switch-on/Switch-off
behaviour" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] Electronic ballast -> Switch-on/Switchoff behaviour", set the parameter "selection of time delay" to "switch-off delay" or to "switchon delay and switch-off delay". Configure the desired switch-off delay.
The switch-off delay is enabled. After reception of an OFF-telegram via the "switching"
object, the configurable time is started. Another OFF-telegram triggers the time only when
the parameter "switch-off delay retriggerable ?" is set to "yes". An ON-telegram received
during the OFF-delay will end the delay and sets the switching status to "ON".
i Feedback: If a time delay has been preset and if the switching state is changed via the
"Switching" object, the time delay must have elapsed before feedback telegrams will be
transmitted.
i At the end of a disabling function or forced position function, the brightness state received
during the function or adjusted before the function can be tracked. Residual times of time
functions are also tracked if these had not yet fully elapsed at the time of the reactivation or
forced control.
i The time delays do not influence the staircase function if this is enabled.
i A time delay still in progress will be fully aborted by a reset of the actuator (bus/ mains
voltage failure or ETS programming).
Soft ON/OFF function
The soft-functions permit a DALI group or a single device to be switched on or off at reduced
speed when a switching command is received via the "Switching" or "Central switching function"
communication objects. If the soft ON function is activated, a dimming procedure is executed
until the switch-on brightness when switching on. This also occurs if the DALI group of the
single device is already switched on to a brightness value smaller than switch-on brightness.
Likewise, with the soft OFF function, a dimming procedure is executed to 0 % brightness after
receipt of an OFF telegram (Figure 38).
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The dimming speeds can be configured separately in the ETS plug-in for the soft ON and soft
OFF function. Just as with relative or absolute dimming, the dimming time is specified for the
entire brightness range, and thus for a brightness change from 0 % to 100 %. The DALI
Gateway uses the stated dimming time to calculate the dimming speed for a dimming step of
the soft functions.
The soft ON or soft OFF functions are not retriggerable by the receipt of further switching
telegrams while maintaining the switching status. The soft functions can be activated and
configured separately in the ETS plug-in.
Figure 38: Dimming behaviour of the soft ON/OFF functions with minimum brightness > 0%
i The dimming operation of a Soft ON function starts at the minimum brightness configured
in the ETS plug-in. If a DALI group or a single device is switched off (brightness value =
0 %) and is then switched on, the operating devices jump to the configured minimum
brightness and start with the Soft ON dimming operation to the switch-on brightness.
i The soft functions also have effects on the switching edges of the staircase function.
i A DALI group or individual disabled via the bus can also flash depending on the ETS
configuration for the disabling function. Dimming is not executed with the soft functions
during ON and OFF flashing.
Enabling and setting soft ON function
In the plug-in of the DALI Gateway, the Soft ON function can be set separately for each group
and each single device.
o Set the parameter "Soft ON function ?" in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... [x] Group -> Switch-on/Switch-off behaviour" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] ->
Switch-on/switch-off behaviour" to "yes".
The soft ON function is enabled. The parameter for the dimming time of the soft ON
function becomes visible.
o Configure the parameter "Time for soft ON (0...100 %)" to the required dimming time.
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Enabling and setting soft OFF function
In the plug-in of the DALI Gateway, the Soft OFF function can be set separately for each group
and each single device.
o Set the parameter "Soft OFF function ?" in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... [x] Group -> Switch-on/Switch-off behaviour" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... - [x] ->
Switch-on/switch-off behaviour" to "yes".
The soft OFF function is enabled. The parameter for the dimming time of the soft OFF
function becomes visible.
o Configure the parameter "Time for soft OFF (0...100 %)" to the required dimming time.
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4.2.4.3.8 Staircase function
Staircase function
The staircase function that can be configured separately can be used for implementing timecontrolled lighting of a staircase or for function-related applications. The staircase function must
be enabled in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... ->[x] Group name -> Staircase
function" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Device name -> Staircase function", in order
for the required communication objects and parameters to be visible.
The staircase function is activated via the communication object "Staircase function start / stop"
and is independent of the "switching" object. In this way, parallel operation of time control and
normal control is possible, whereby the last command received is always executed:
A telegram to the "switching" object at the time of an active staircase function aborts the
staircase time prematurely and presets the switching state according to the received object
value (the time delays are also taken into account) or scene value. Likewise, the switching state
of the "switching" object can be overridden by a staircase function.
Time-independent continuous light switching can also be implemented in combination with a
disabling function because the disabling function has a higher priority and overrides the
switching state of the staircase function (see page 85).
The staircase function can also be extended by means of a supplementary function. At the
same time, it is possible activate a time extension. The "time extension" permits retriggering of
an activated staircase via the object "Staircase function Start / Stop" n times. Alternatively, the
"Time preset via the bus" can be set. With this supplementary function, the configured staircase
time can be multiplied by a factor received via the bus, thus it can be adapted dynamically.
Furthermore, an extension of the staircase function can be implemented by means of a prewarning function. During the pre-warning, the brightness can be reduced. The pre-warning
should warn people in the staircase that the light will soon be switched off. As an alternative to
the pre-warning at the end of the staircase time, the actuator can activate reduced continuous
lighting. In this way, for example, long, dark hallways can have permanent basic lighting.
Specifying switch-on behaviour of the staircase function
An ON telegram to the "Staircase function start/stop" object activates the staircase time (TON),
the duration of which is defined by the "Staircase time" parameters. The DALI group or the
single device switches to switch-on brightness.
At the end of the staircase time, the DALI group or the single device shows the "reaction at the
end of the staircase time" configured in the ETS. At the same time, the DALI group or the single
device can switch off, optionally activate the pre-warning time (TPrewarn) of the pre-warning
function (see page 104-105) or dim to the reduced continuous lighting (application: e.g. long,
dark hallways). Taking into account any possible pre-warning function, this gives rise to the
example switch-on behaviour of the staircase function (Figure 39).
Figure 39: Switch-on behaviour of the staircase function without soft functions
In addition, switching on can be influenced by the soft functions of the DALI Gateway. Taking
into account any soft ON and soft OFF function, this gives rise to the switch-on behaviour of the
staircase function shown below (Figure 40).
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Figure 40: Switch-on behaviour of the staircase function with soft functions (as an example with
minimum brightness = 0 %)
o
Set the parameter "Staircase function ?" in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups
... ->[x] Group -> Staircase function" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic
ballast -> Staircase function" to "yes".
The staircase function is enabled. Additional parameters become visible.
o In the "Staircase time" parameter, configure the necessary switch-on time of the staircase
function.
o Set the parameter "Staircase time retriggerable ?" to "yes".
Every ON telegram received during the ON phase of the staircase time retriggers the
staircase time completely.
o The parameter "Staircase time retriggerable ?" is alternatively to "no".
ON telegrams received during the ON phase of the staircase time are rejected. The
staircase time is not retriggered.
i An ON telegram received during the pre-warning time or during the reduced continuous
lighting triggers the staircase time independently of the parameter "Staircase time
retriggerable ?" always afterwards.
Specifying switch-off behaviour of the staircase function
In the case of a staircase function, the reaction to an OFF telegram can also be configured on
the object "Staircase function start/stop". Without receiving an OFF telegram, at the end of the
staircase time, the DALI group or the single device always shows the "Reaction at the end of
the staircase time" configured in the ETS. At the same time, the DALI group or the single device
can switch off, optionally activate the pre-warning time (TPrewarn) of the pre-warning function or
dim to the reduced continuous lighting (application: e.g. long, dark hallways).
If, on the other hand, the DALI Group or the single device receives an OFF telegram via the
object "Staircase function start/stop", the actuator evaluates the parameter "Reaction to an
OFF-telegram". In this case, the channel can react immediately to the OFF telegram and end
the staircase time prematurely. Alternatively, the OFF telegram can be ignored.
Taking into account any possible pre-warning function, this gives rise to the example switch-off
behaviour of the staircase function (Figure 41).
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Figure 41: Switch-off behaviour of the staircase function without soft functions
In addition, switching off can be influenced by the soft functions of the DALI Gateway. Taking
into account any soft ON and soft OFF function, this gives rise to the switch-off behaviour of the
staircase function shown below (Figure 42).
Figure 42: Switch-off behaviour of the staircase function with soft functions (as an example with
minimum brightness = 0 %)
The parameter "reaction to OFF-telegram" defines whether the staircase time (TEIN) of the
staircase function can be aborted prematurely. This parameter is located in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Groups ... ->[x] Group -> Staircase function" or "Addressing -> Single devices
... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Staircase function and relates exclusively to the "Staircase function
start / stop" object.
The staircase function must be enabled.
o Set parameter "Reaction to OFF-telegram" to "switch off".
Once an OFF telegram is received via the object "Staircase function start/stop" during the
ON phase of the staircase time, the operating devices switch off immediately. If the
staircase time is stopped prematurely by such a telegram, there is no pre-warning, i.e. the
pre-warning time is not started. It is also not dimmed to a reduced continuous lighting. It is
also possible to switch off prematurely during a dimming procedure of a soft function or
during a pre-warning or reduced continuous lighting.
o Set parameter "Reaction to OFF-telegram" to ignore".
OFF telegrams received via the object "Staircase function start / stop" during the ON phase
of the staircase function are rejected. The staircase time will be executed completely to the
end with the configured "behaviour at the end of the staircase time".
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Setting the pre-warning function of the staircase function
At the end of the switch-on time of the staircase function, the DALI group or the single device
shows the "Reaction at the end of the staircase time" configured in the ETS. The DALI group or
the single device can be set to switch off immediately, alternatively to dim to the reduced
continuous lighting (application: e.g. long, dark hallways) or to execute the pre-warning function.
If the parameter is configured to "activate pre-warning time", the pre-warning time (TVorwarn) and
pre-warning brightness can be configured in the ETS plug-in.
The pre-warning should warn people still on the staircase that the light will soon be switched off.
As a pre-warning, the operating devices can be set to a pre-warning brightness before they
switch off permanently. The pre-warning brightness is normally reduced in the brightness value
compared to the switch-on brightness. The pre-warning time (TPrewarn) and the pre-warning
brightness can be configured separately (Figure 43). The pre-warning time is added to the
staircase time (TEIN). The pre-warning time influences the values of the feedback objects so that
the switching state "OFF" and the value "0" are first tracked after the pre-warning time in the
feedback objects has elapsed.
Figure 43: The pre-warning function of the staircase function without soft OFF function
Additionally, the pre-warning function can also be extended by the soft OFF function. Taking
into account any soft ON and soft OFF function, this gives rise to the switch-off behaviour of the
staircase function shown below after the pre-warning has elapsed (Figure 44).
Figure 44: The pre-warning function of the staircase function with soft OFF function (as an
example with minimum brightness = 0 %)
i The pre-warning brightness does not necessarily have to be less than the switch-on
brightness. The pre-warning brightness can always be configured to values between
maximum brightness and minimum brightness.
The staircase function must be enabled.
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o
In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... ->[x] Group -> Staircase function" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Staircase function", set the
parameter "Reaction at the end of the staircase time" to "Activate pre-warning time".
The pre-warning function is enabled. The desired pre-warning time (TVorwarn) can be preset.
o Configure the "pre-warning time".
o Set the parameter "Reduced brightness" to the desired brightness value.
During the pre-warning time, the dimming channel is set to the configured brightness value.
i An ON telegram to the object "Staircase function start/stop" while a pre-warning function is
still in progress stops the pre-warning time and always starts (independently of the
parameter "Staircase time retriggerable ?") the staircase time anew. Even during the prewarning time, the parameter "reaction to OFF telegram" is evaluated so that a pre-warning
in progress can be terminated early by switching off.
i Using the automatic switch-off function: The reduced brightness of the pre-warning does
not start the switch-off function after reaching or undershooting the switch-off brightness!
Setting continuous lighting of the staircase function
At the end of the switch-on time of the staircase function, the Gateway shows the "Reaction at
the end of the staircase time" configured in the ETS for the appropriate DALI group or the single
device. The DALI group or the single device can be set to switch off immediately, alternatively to
execute a pre-warning function, or to dim to the reduced continuous lighting. The reduction of
the lighting to continuous lighting after the staircase time has elapsed is appropriate, for
example, if a certain degree of artificial light should be switched on permanently in long, dark
hallways. Switching to switch-on brightness by activating the staircase function normally takes
place by additional presence detectors or motion detectors when people are present in the
hallway.
If the parameter "Reaction at the end of the staircase time" is configured to "Activate reduced
continuous lighting", the brightness for the continuous lighting can be configured. The
continuous brightness is normally reduced in the brightness value compared to the switch-on
brightness (Figure 45).
The continuous lighting remains permanently active after the staircase time has elapsed. Only
when an ON telegram is received again via the object "Staircase function start/stop" does the
DALI Gateway switch back to the switch-on brightness and start counting the staircase time
again. The receipt of an OFF telegram via the object "Staircase function start/stop" only
switches the continuous lighting off if the parameter "Reaction to OFF-telegram" is configured to
"Switch off".
i A DALI group or a single device can always be switched on and off via the "Switching"
object, independently of the Staircase function. Consequently, continuous lighting will also
be overridden if telegrams arrive via the "Switching" object.
If permanent continuous lighting is desired, which cannot be influenced by the "Switching"
object nor by the object of the staircase function, the disabling function should be used.
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Figure 45: The continuous lighting of the staircase function without soft functions
Additionally, the continuous lighting can also be extended by the soft function. Taking into
account any soft ON and soft function, this gives rise to modified continuous lighting behaviour
of the staircase function (Figure 46).
Figure 46: The continuous lighting of the staircase function with soft OFF functions
i The brightness of the continuous lighting does not necessarily have to be less than the
switch-on brightness. The brightness of the continuous lighting can always be configured to
values between basic/minimum brightness and maximum brightness.
The staircase function must be enabled.
o In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... ->[x] Group -> Staircase function" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Staircase function", set the
parameter "Reaction at the end of the staircase time" to "Activate reduced permanent
lighting".
The continuous lighting is enabled. The "Reduced brightness" can be set to the desired
brightness value.
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i The configured value for the reduced brightness must be greater than or equal to the
minimum brightness (if configured) or less than or equal to the maximum brightness!
i An ON telegram to the object "Staircase function start/stop" always starts (independently of
the parameter "Staircase time retriggerable?") the staircase time anew. Even during
activated continuous lighting, the parameter "Reaction to OFF telegram" is evaluated so
that continuous lighting can be switched off.
i Using the automatic switch-off function: The reduced brightness of the continuous lighting
does not start the switch-off function after reaching or undershooting the switch-off
brightness!
Setting supplementary function of the staircase function – time extension
With the time extension function, the staircase time can be retriggered several times (i.e.
extended) via the "Staircase function start/stop" object. The duration of the extension is
predefined by several operations at the control section (several ON telegrams in succession).
The configured staircase time can be extended in this way by the configured factor (a maximum
of 5-fold). The time is then always extended automatically at the end of a single staircase time
(TEIN).
Figure 47: Time extension of the staircase function
With this function, the lighting time in a staircase can be extended (e.g. by a person after
shopping) by a defined length without having to retrigger the lighting every time the lighting
shuts off automatically.
o Set the parameter "Supplementary function for staircase function" to "time extension" and
set the maximum desired factor on the parameter "maximum time extension".
The staircase time is retriggered each time an ON telegram is received on the "staircase
time start/stop" object after the staircase time has elapsed, depending on the number of
telegrams received, but only as often as pre-defined by the configured factor. For example,
the "3-fold time" setting means that after the started staircase time has elapsed, it can be
retriggered automatically a maximum of three additional times. The time is therefore
extended a maximum of four fold.
i A time extension can be triggered during the entire staircase time (TEIN). There is no time
limit between two telegrams for the time extension. Telegrams for the time extension are
only evaluated during the staircase time. An ON telegram during the pre-warning function
or continuous lighting triggers the staircase time as a restart, which means that a new time
extension is possible.
i If a time extension was configured as a supplementary function, the parameter "Staircase
time retriggerable ?" is preset to "No" because the retriggering takes place by the time
extension.
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Setting supplementary function of the staircase function – time preset via the bus
With the time preset via the bus, the configured staircase time can be multiplied by an
8-bit factor received via the bus, thus it can be adapted dynamically. With this setting, the factor
is derived from the object "staircase time factor". The possible factor value for setting the
staircase time is between 1…255.
The entire staircase time arises as a product from factor (object value) and the configured
staircase time as a basis as follows...
Staircase time = (staircase time object value) x (staircase time parameter)
Example:
Object value "staircase time factor" = 5; parameter "staircase value" = 10s.
-> set staircase time = 5 x 10s = 50 s
Alternatively, the staircase function parameter can define whether the receipt of a new factor
also starts the staircase time of the staircase function at the same time. In this case, the object
"Staircase function start/stop" is not necessary and the received factor value determines the
starting and stopping.
o Set "supplementary function for staircase function" to "time preset via the bus" and set the
parameter "staircase function activatable via 'staircase time' object ?" to "No".
The staircase time can be adapted dynamically by the object "staircase time factor". A
value "0" is interpreted as value "1". The staircase function is started and stopped
exclusively via the "staircase function start / stop" object.
o Set "supplementary function for staircase function" to "time preset via the bus" and set the
parameter "staircase function activatable via 'staircase time' object ?" to "Yes".
The staircase time can be adapted dynamically by the "staircase time factor" object. In
addition, the staircase function is started with the new staircase time (the "staircase
function start / stop" is not necessary) after receiving a new factor. A factor value "0" is
interpreted as an OFF telegram, whereby in this case, the configured reaction to an OFF
telegram is evaluated, too.
A larger staircase with several floors is an example as an application for the time preset via
the bus with automatic starting of the staircase time. On each floor there is a pushbutton
that transmits a factor value to the staircase function. The higher the floor, the greater the
factor value transmitted so that the lighting stays switched on longer if the passing through
the staircase needs more time. When a person enters a staircase and a pushbutton is
pressed, the staircase time is now adjusted dynamically to the staircase time and switches
on the lighting at the same time, too.
i Setting "Staircase function activatable via"Staircase time" object ?" = "Yes":
A factor > 0 received during a warning time triggers the staircase time independently of the
parameter "staircase time retriggerable ?" always afterwards.
i After a reset (bus voltage return or ETS programming) the "staircase time factor" object is
always initialised with "1". The staircase function is not started automatically solely as the
result of this, however.
i The two supplementary functions "time extension" and "time preset via the bus" can only
be configured alternatively.
Presetting behaviour of the staircase function after bus or mains voltage return
The staircase function can be started automatically after bus or mains voltage return.
The staircase function must be enabled.
o In the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group" or "Addressing -> Single
devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast", set the parameter "Behaviour after bus voltage return"
to "Start staircase function".
Immediately after bus or mains voltage return, the staircase time of the staircase function is
started.
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i The configured behaviour will only be executed, if no forced position on bus voltage return
is activated.
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4.2.4.3.9 Operating hours counter
The operating hours counter determines the switch-on time of the DALI group or the single
device. A group or an electronic ballast is actively on for the operating hours counter if the
brightness value is greater than "0", i.e. when the light is lit.
The operating hours counter adds up the determined switch-on time accurately to the minute for
the DALI group or the single device in full hours respectively (Figure 48). The totalled operating
hours are added in a 2-byte counter and stored permanently in the device. The current counter
status can be transmitted cyclically to the bus by the "OHC value" communication object or
when there is a change in an interval value.
Figure 48: Function of the operating hours counter (using the example of an up-counter)
In the as-delivered state, the operating hour values of all DALI groups and single devices of the
Gateway is "0". If the operating hours counter is not enabled in the configuration of a DALI
group or a single device, no operating hours will be counted for the DALI group or single device
concerned. Once the operating hours counter is enabled, however, the operating hours will be
determined and added up by the ETS immediately after commissioning the DALI Gateway.
If the operating hours counter is subsequently disabled again in the parameters and the
Gateway is programmed with this disabling function, all operating hours previously counted for
the DALI group or the single device concerned will be deleted. When enabled again, the counter
status of the operating hours counter is always on "0".
The operating hours values (full hours) stored in the device will not be lost in case of a bus/
mains voltage failure or by ETS programming. Any summed up operating minutes (full hour not
yet reached) will be rejected in this case, however.
After bus voltage return or after an ETS download, the Gateway passively updates the "OHC
value" communication object in each DALI group or single device. The object value can be read
out if the read-flag is set. The object value, depending on the configuration for the automatic
transmission, is actively transmitted if necessary to the bus once the parameterized transmit
delay has elapsed after bus voltage return (see page 112-113).
The operating hours counter detects any operation of the DALI groups or single devices by the
manual operation, which means that switching on a channel also activates the counting of
operating hours. In the same way, manual switch-off interrupts a counting operation.
Activating the operating hours counter
o Enable the "Operating hours counter" function in the parameter of the same name in the
parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group -> Operating hours counter" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Operating hours counter" ("yes"
setting).
The operating hours counter is activated. The necessary parameters and communication
objects are visible.
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Deactivating the operating hours counter
o Disable the "Operating hours counter" function in the parameter of the same name in the
parameter node "Addressing -> Groups ... -> [x] Group -> Operating hours counter" or
"Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Operating hours counter" ("no"
setting).
The operating hours counter is deactivated. No communication objects or parameters of
the "Operating hours counter" function are visible.
i Deactivation of the operating hours counter and subsequent programming with the ETS
resets the counter status to "0".
Setting the counter type
The operating hours counter can optionally be configured as an up-counter or down-counter.
Depending on this type of counter, a limit or start value can be set optionally, whereby, for
example, the operating time of a DALI group or a single device can be monitored by restricting
the counter range.
Up-counter:
After activating the operating hours counter by enabling in the ETS or by restarting, the
operating hours are counted starting at "0". A maximum of 65,535 hours can be counted, after
that the counter stops and signals a counter operation via the "OHC elapsed" object.
A limiting value can be set optionally in the ETS or can be predefined via the communication
object "OHC start/limiting value". In this case, the counter operation is signalled to the bus via
the "OHC elapsed" object if the limiting value is reached. The counter continues counting - if it is
not restarted - up to the maximum value 65,535 and then stops. Only a restart initiates a new
counting operation.
Down-counter:
After enabling the operating hours counter in the ETS, the counter status is on "0" and the
Gateway signals a counter operation for the DALI group or the single device concerned after the
programming operation or after bus voltage return via the "OHC elapsed" object. Only after a
restart is the down-counter set to the maximum value 65,535 the counting operation started.
A starting value can be set optionally in the ETS or can be predefined via the communication
object "OHC start/limiting value". If a start value is set, the down-counter is initialised with this
value instead of the maximum value after a restart. The counter then counts the start value
downwards by the hour. When the down-counter reaches the value "0", the counter operation is
signalled to the bus via the "OHC elapsed" and the counting is stopped. Only a restart initiates a
new counting operation.
Enable the "Operating hours counter" function in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups
... -> [x] Group -> Operating hours counter" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic
ballast -> Operating hours", in order for the required communication objects and parameters to
be visible.
o Set the parameter "Counter type" to "Up-counter". Set the parameter "Start/limiting value
specification ?" to "yes, as received via object" or "yes, as parameter" if it is necessary to
monitor the limiting value. Otherwise, reset the parameter to "no". In the "yes, as specified
in parameter" setting, specify the required limit value (1…65,535 hrs).
The counter counts the operating hours forwards starting from "0". If the monitoring of the
limiting value is activated, the Gateway transmits a "1" telegram via the object
"OHC elapsed" as soon as the predefined limiting value is reached. Otherwise, the counter
operation is first transmitted when the maximum value 65,535 is reached.
o Set the parameter "Counter type" to "Down-counter". Set the parameter "Start/limiting value
specification ?" to "yes, as received via object" or "yes, as parameter" if it is necessary to
monitor the start value. Otherwise, reset the parameter to "no". In the "yes, as specified in
parameter" setting, specify the required start value (1…65,535 hrs.).
The counter counts the operating hours down to "0" after a restart. With a start value
preset, the start value is counted down, otherwise the counting operation starts at the
maximum value 65,535. The Gateway transmits a "1" telegram via the object
"OHC elapsed" for the dimming channel concerned once the value "0" is reached.
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i The value of the communication object "OHC elapsed" is stored permanently. The object is
initialised immediately with the value that was saved before bus voltage return or ETS
programming. If an operating hours counter is in this case identified as elapsed, i.e. if the
object value is a "1", an additional telegram will be actively transmitted to the bus as soon
as the parameterized transmit delay has elapsed after bus voltage return. If the counter has
not yet elapsed (object value "0"), no telegram is transmitted on return of bus/mains voltage
or after an ETS programming operation.
i With a limiting or start value preset via object: The values received via the object are first
validly accepted and permanently saved internally after a restart of the operating hours
counter. The object is initialised immediately with the value that was last saved before bus
voltage return or ETS programming. The values received will be lost in the case of a bus
voltage failure or by an ETS download if no counter restart was executed before. For this
reason, when specifying a new start or limiting value it is advisable to always execute a
counter restart afterwards as well.
A standard value of 65,535 is predefined provided that no limiting value or start value has
been received yet via the object. The values received and stored via the object are reset to
the standard value if the operating hours counter is deactivated in the parameters of the
ETS and an ETS programming operation is being performed.
i With a limiting or start value predefined via object: If the start or limiting value is predefined
with "0", the actuator will ignore a counter restart to avoid an undesired reset
(e.g. in site operation -> hours already counted by manual operation).
i If the counter direction of an operating hours counter is reversed by reconfiguration in the
ETS, a restart of the counter should always be performed after programming the Gateway
so that the counter is reinitialised.
Restarting the operating hours counter
The counter status of the operating hours can be reset at any time by the communication object
"OHC restart". The polarity of the restart telegram is predefined: "1" = restart / "0" = no reaction.
o Describe the communication object "OHC restart" as "1".
In the up-counter the counter is initialised with the value "0" after a restart and in the downcounter initialised with the start value. If no start value was configured or predefined by the
object, the start value is preset to 65,535.
During every counter restart, the initialised counter status is transmitted actively to the bus.
After a restart, the signal of a counter operation is also reset. At the same time, a "0"
telegram is transmitted to the bus via the object "OHC elapsed". In addition, the limiting or
start value is initialised.
i If a new limiting or start value was predefined via the communication object, a counter
restart should always be performed afterwards, too. Otherwise, the values received will be
lost in the case of a bus voltage failure or by an ETS download.
i If the communication object "OHC start/limiting value" was described with "0" (either
manually by the user or after a device reset), there are different behaviours after a restart
depending on the principle of the value specification...
Preset as parameter:
The counter elapses immediately after a counter restart.
Preset via object:
A counter restart will be ignored to avoid an undesired reset (e.g. after installation of the
devices with hours already being counted by manual operation). A limiting or start value
greater than "0" must be predefined in order to perform the restart.
Setting the transmission behaviour
The current value of the operating hours counter is always tracked in the communication object
"OHC value". After bus voltage return or after an ETS programming operation, the Gateway
passively updates the "OHC value" communication object in each DALI group or single device.
The object value can be read out if the read-flag is set.
In addition, the transmission behaviour of this communication object can be set.
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Enable the "Operating hours counter" function in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups
... -> [x] Group -> Operating hours counter" or "Addressing -> Single devices ... -> [x] Electronic
ballast -> Operating hours", in order for the required communication objects and parameters to
be visible.
o Set the parameter "Automatic transmission of counting value" to "After change by interval
value". Configure the "Counting value interval (1…65,535 hrs.)" to the desired value.
The counter status is transmitted to the bus as soon as it changes by the predefined
counting value interval. After bus voltage return or after programming in the ETS, the object
value is transmitted automatically after "Delay after bus voltage return" has elapsed if the
current counter status or a multiple of this corresponds to the counting value interval. A
counter status "0" is always transmitted in this case.
o Set the parameter "Automatic transmission of counting value" to "Cyclical".
The counter value is transmitted cyclically. The cycle time is defined independent of the
channel on the parameter page "Status and feedback". After bus voltage return or ETS
programming, the counter status is transmitted to the bus after the configured cycle time
has elapsed.
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4.2.4.4 Scene function
The DALI Gateway allows the creation of up to 16 of your own scenes. Each individual scene
can be assigned to the available DALI groups or single devices. In addition, a scene brightness
value can be configured for each assigned group and each assigned single device, and thus
stored in the DALI Gateway. This also allows the integration of various operating devices into
scene controls.
If necessary, the individual scenes must be created in the "Scenes" parameter node. Scenes
can be created by selecting the "Scenes" node in the tree view and then executing the
command New using the context menu (right mouse-click).
Selecting a created scene in the tree view causes the scene configuration to appear in the right
pane of the plug-in. (Figure 49)
Figure 49: Configuration page of a scene as an example with two created effect scenes and two
DALI groups
Created scenes can also be copied using the Copy command of the context menu of an
appropriate scene parameter node and inserted into the higher-level nodes "Scenes" as a new
scene using Insert. Parameter settings are also applied. It is also possible to insert a previously
copied scene into an existing scene. All the parameter settings are applied without creating a
new element.
Created scenes can be deleted at any time by selecting the appropriate parameter node in the
tree structure and executing the Delete command of the context menu. In addition, a parameter
can be used to assign a name to each scene. It is possible to change a name at a later date
using the parameter configuration or, alternatively, by using the Rename command in the
context menu. We recommend labelling each scene clearly by giving it a name (e.g. "Scene
TV", "Scene dining", etc.). The name may be a maximum of 28 characters and may contain
alphanumeric and special characters.
Each scene receives a unique number (1...16), which is shown in square brackets before the
name. This number is only a label within the ETS plug-in, in order to distinguish clearly between
the individual scenes, even if they have the same name. In addition, scenes have KNX numbers
(1...64). These KNX numbers can be used to recall a scene or a scene memory function using
the scene extension object. Scene numbers do not have to be identical to KNX extension
numbers. The KNX numbers are configured individually. KNX numbers must be unique. It is not
possible to assign the same KNX numbers to multiple scenes.
A scene recall overrides a brightness value specification via the "Brightness value" object and
also a switching or dimming operation via the objects "Switching", "Central function switching"
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and "Dimming". A staircase function is also overridden by a scene recall. The priority of the
scene function over the disabling or forced position functions of a group or a single device can
be configured for each scene. Thus, it is possible for a scene recall to override a disabling or
forced position function. Alternatively, a scene can have a lower priority, which means that
disabling functions or forced positions cannot be overridden by a scene recall. A function
overridden by a scene recall is executed again when the function is updated via the KNX.
A scene recall can optionally take place after a delay.
Setting a KNX scene number
Scenes possess KNX numbers (1...64). These KNX numbers can be used to recall a scene or a
scene memory function using the scene extension object. The KNX numbers are configured
individually for each scene. KNX numbers must be unique. It is not possible to assign the same
KNX numbers to multiple scenes.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name" in the parameter "KNX number of the
scene (1...64)", set the required extension number.
It is possible to recall and save a scene via the scene extension object using the specified
KNX number.
i If a KNX number already used for another scene is entered, the ETS plug-in will then
automatically correct the input value to the next free KNX number.
i It should be noted that the object value of the extension input is always "1" less than the
configured KNX number, in accordance with KNX DPT 18.001.
Example: KNX number = "1" -> Value in extension object = "0" -> The value "0" recalls the
scene with the KNX number 1. The value "1" recalls the scene with the KNX number 2.
This applies appropriately for all other scenes and KNX numbers.
Configuring the group and device assignment of a scene
Groups and single devices can be assigned to a scene without restrictions. Each group and
each single device can be assigned independently by activating the checkbox in front of the
group or single device name in the scene configuration (Figure 50). Groups and single devices,
whose checkboxes are not activated, are not assigned to the scene. Any non-created groups or
single devices of the DALI Gateway are greyed out and thus cannot be edited.
Figure 50: Example of a group assignment to a scene
For reasons of clarity, all the available groups (1...32) and single devices (1...64) - irrespective
of the configured addressing type - are split up into various pages in the scene function window,
each of which can be displayed separately. 16 groups or single devices are available on any
given page. Pressing the buttons "Groups...", "Single devices..." in the scene configuration
window changes between the page views.
Scenes can also be used for a master control (broadcast). Only one brightness value can ever
be assigned to each scene.
o Activate the checkbox of the DALI groups and single devices, which are to be assigned to
the selected scene.
The activated groups and single devices are assigned to the scene. The parameters of the
scene brightness value and the scene memory function are enabled.
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i DALI groups or single devices, integrated in centrally-supplied emergency lighting
operation, or single devices, corresponding to the DALI device type "Emergency light,
single-battery-operated", cannot be assigned to any scenes. Assignments to scenes are
lost if the integration of groups or devices takes place later in emergency operation. In
these cases, the ETS plug-in warns of losing assignments.
Setting scene brightness values
For each DALI group integrated in a scene, for each integrated single device and for each
scene, it is necessary to specify which brightness value is to be set when a scene is recalled.
A group or a single device must be assigned to a scene in order to be able to edit the scene
brightness value.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", specify the necessary scene
brightness value for each DALI group assigned to the scene and each assigned single
device (Figure 50).
During a scene recall, the appropriate configured brightness value is set on the operating
devices.
i The configured brightness values are adopted in the DALI Gateway during programming
with the ETS only if the parameter "Overwrite scene values during ETS download ?" is set
to "yes".
i The selection of the scene brightness value is restricted by the limits configured minimum
and maximum brightness in the ETS plug-in.
i During DALI commissioning, it is possible to assign multiple identical DALI operating
devices to different groups (multiple assignment: e.g. Electronic ballast 1 is located in
Group A and Group B). If groups (e.g. A & B) have now been assigned to a scene and
these groups contain the same operating devices (e.g. electronic ballast 1), then there will
be a conflict on account of the differing scene brightness values. In this case, the operating
devices assigned multiple times are set to the scene brightness value of the group with the
highest number.
Presetting the storage behaviour for the scene function
The current brightness values of all the DALI groups and single devices assigned to as scene
can be saved using the scene extension using when a save telegram is received. In so doing,
the brightness values to be saved can be influenced by all the functions of the individual groups
and devices (e.g. switching, dimming, manual operation) before saving.
A group or a single device must be assigned to a scene in order to be able to edit the scene
saving behaviour.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name" activate the "Save" checkbox for the
DALI groups and single devices, which are to react to the memory function (Figure 50).
The memory function is activated for the affected DALI group or single device. The current
brightness value is stored internally via the extension object on receipt of a storage
telegram.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name" deactivate the "Save" checkbox for the
DALI groups and single devices, which are not to react to the memory function.
The memory function is deactivated for the affected DALI group or single device. A storage
telegram received via the extension object will be rejected.
i During a save operation, scene brightness values are saved to internal non-volatile
memory in the DALI Gateway, thus overwriting the value of a group or single device most
recently programmed by the ETS. The brightness values configured in the ETS are only
applied again to the DALI Gateway during an ETS programming operation when the
parameter "Overwrite scene values during ETS download ?" is set to "yes".
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i Irrespective of the set priority for the entire scene, no new scene values are ever saved if
disabling or a forced position is active for individual groups or devices.
Setting the scene priority
The priority of the scene function over the disabling or forced position functions of a group or a
single device can be configured for each scene. Thus, it is possible for a scene recall to
override a disabling or forced position function. Alternatively, a scene can have a lower priority,
which means that disabling functions or forced positions cannot be overridden by a scene recall.
The scene priority can be configured separately for each created scene.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", configure the parameter "Priority,
scene to be disabled/forced position" to "low".
The scene has a lower priority to the supplementary functions of the assigned groups or
the assigned single devices. It is not possible to call up or save a scene if a supplementary
functions is only activated for one group or one single device.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", configure the parameter "Priority,
scene to be disabled/forced position" to "high".
The scene has a higher priority to the supplementary functions of the assigned groups or
the assigned single devices. Scenes are only ever called-up or saved when a scene
extension unit is received.
i Irrespective of the set priority for the entire scene, no new scene values are ever saved if
disabling or a forced position is active for individual groups or devices.
i In the "Tracked brightness value" setting at the end of disabling/forced position: At the end
of the supplementary functions, a scene recall received during the function will not be
tracked.
i In the "Priority = High" setting: A scene recall does not statically lock the lower-level
functions of a group or a single device. The higher priority solely specifies that the scene
brightness value is set at the moment of the scene recall and the previously specified
brightness value is overridden. After scene recall, it is possible that the scene brightness
value will be changed by other functions of the Gateway (e.g. on terminating an additional
function or by switching or dimming).
i Scenes can also be included in effect steps. In this case, the scene priority is not evaluated
when an effect is recalled. The configured priority of the appropriate effect is of more
importance.
Setting the ETS programming behaviour for the scene function
During storage of a scene, the scene values are stored internally to non-volatile memory in the
device. To prevent the stored values from being replaced during ETS programming of the
application or of the parameters by the originally programmed scene brightness values, the
DALI Gateway can inhibit overwriting of the scene values. As an alternative, the original values
can be reloaded into the device during each programming run of the ETS.
The ETS programming behaviour can be configured separately for each scene.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", set the parameter "Overwrite scene
values during ETS download" to "yes".
During each ETS programming operation of the application program or of the parameters,
the scene values configured in the ETS will be programmed into the Gateway. Scene
values stored in the device by means of a storage function will be overwritten, if any.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", set the parameter "Overwrite scene
values during ETS download" to "no".
Scene values stored in the device with a storage function will be maintained. If no scene
values have been stored, the scene brightness values last programmed in the ETS remain
valid.
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i During first commissioning of the Gateway, this parameter should be set to "yes" so that
the scenes are initialised with valid scene values.
Presetting the recall delay for the scene function
Each scene recall can optionally also be evaluated after a delay. With this feature, dynamical
scene sequences can, for example, be configured if several actuators or Gateways are
combined with cyclical scene telegrams.
The scene recall delay can be configured separately for each created scene.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", set the parameter "Delay scene
recall?" to "yes". Configure the delay time.
The delay time is activated. The delay only influences the scene recall of the appropriate
scene. The delay time is started on arrival of a recall telegram. The corresponding scene
will be recalled and the appropriate scene brightness value set only after this time has
elapsed.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", set the parameter "Delay scene
recall?" to "no".
The delay time is deactivated. A scene recall is carried out without a delay immediately
after the receipt of a scene recall telegram.
i Each scene recall telegram restarts the delay time and retriggers it. If a new scene recall
telegram is received while a delay is active (scene recall not yet executed), the old (and not
yet recalled scene) will be rejected and only the scene last received executed.
i The scene recall delay has no influence on the storage of scene values. A scene storage
telegram within a scene recall delay terminates the delay and thus the scene recall.
i In case of bus or mains voltage failure, all time functions will be stopped. Therefore, all
scene recalls that are still in the delay stage will be aborted. A scene recall received shortly
before bus or mains voltage failure will then be lost if the corresponding delay has not yet
elapsed. A delayed scene recall will also be completely aborted for the affected groups or
single devices in the case of a function with a higher priority (e.g. manual operation, forced
position function, disable function).
i Scenes can also be included in effect steps. In this case, the recall delay set for the scene
is not effective when an effect is recalled. The configured time sequence of the effect is of
more importance.
Setting the dimming behaviour when recalling a scene
In the scene configuration, it is possible to define whether the scene brightness values for the
assigned groups or single devices jump instantly or dim. A scene recall can therefore be
executed independently of the set dimming behaviour.
The behaviour during a scene recall can be configured separately for each scene.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", set the parameter "Behaviour on
scene recall" to "Jump".
The brightness values of the appropriate scene are instantly jumped to during a recall.
o In the parameter node "Scenes -> [x] Scene name", set the parameter "Behaviour on
scene recall" to "Dim to...". At the same time, define the time required to dim to the scene
brightness value.
The brightness values of the scene concerned are dimmed to during a recall. The dim
fading is activated The time in the parameter selection defines the duration of the dimming
procedure required to reach the scene brightness values. The brightness value of a group
or a single device at which the dimming starts has no significance. Thus, the dimming
procedure in case of a scene recall always requires the exact predefined time for all groups
and single devices of the scene.
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i Any DALI operating devices included in the scene (through groups or as a single device)
react simultaneously, because addressing takes place on the DALI-side using scene
commands (Multicast), which the Gateway programs into the operating device during
initialisation, according to the scene configuration in the ETS plug-in.
i The configured dimming time for the dim fading of the scene function may deviate from the
standard dimming behaviour of a group or a single device. The DALI Gateway always
works with a standard fading time of 0.7 seconds. This value is automatically programmed
into DALI operating devices during initialisation. Directly after scene recall, the Gateway
reprograms all the assigned DALI operating devices to the dimming time of the scene. After
the configured brightness value has been specified, the Gateway immediately reprograms
the fading time back to the original value. This reprogramming takes place separately for
each group and single device integrated into the scene in sequence via the DALI cable.
i Scenes can also be included in effect steps. In this case, the dimming behaviour set for the
scene is not effective when an effect is recalled. The configured dimming behaviour of an
effect is of more importance.
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4.2.4.5 Effect function
In particular, for the implementation of dynamic light scenes, it is possible to include lights or
light groups in the effect control of the DALI Gateway. Up to 16 effects are available here, each
with up to 16 effect steps. Each effect step represents an individual light scene. Time-controlled
toggling of the effect steps makes the overall effect dynamic. Brightness sequences can be
implemented using one or more DALI groups, or also using individual DALI devices or scenes.
Effects are created in the ETS plug-in and are configured separately. An effect can be added to
the configuration by selecting the parameter node "Effects" in the tree view and then executing
the command New using the context menu (right mouse-click).
Selecting a created effect in the tree view causes the effect configuration (Figure 51) to appear
in the right pane of the plug-in.
Figure 51: Configuration page of an effect as an example with 15 created effect steps and stop
step
Editing effects
Up to 15 effect steps can be created for each effect, as necessary. The last step of an effect is
always the stop step in the configuration. This is only executed when the effect is stopped
automatically after the number of run-throughs (ETS parameter) has been reached, or the user
performs the Stop command via communication objects. A new effect step can be added by
selecting an effect parameter node in the tree view and then executing the New command in
the context menu. This always adds the first step of an effect. If steps already exist, these are
always shifted one place when new steps are added. The existing steps are thus given a new,
higher step number (2...15).
i When new effects are created, all the necessary effect steps should always be created
directly, in order to avoid subsequent editing and shifting of the effect sequences due to the
adding of new steps.
Created effects can also be copied using the Copy command of the context menu of an
appropriate scene or effect parameter node and inserted into the higher-level node "Effects" as
a new effect using Insert. Parameter settings are also applied. It is also possible to insert a
previously copied effect into an existing effect. All the parameter settings are applied without
creating a new element.
Effect steps can only be copied and inserted into existing steps. This completely transfers the
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configuration of the copied step into another step. This function can be used, for example, to
transport existing step configurations into other steps, after new steps have been added,
thereby changing the sequence of the light scene.
Created effects and effect steps can be deleted at any time by selecting the appropriate
parameter node in the tree structure and executing the Delete command of the context menu.
In addition, a parameter can be used to assign a name to each effect. It is possible to change a
name at a later date using the parameter configuration or, alternatively, by using the Rename
command in the context menu. We recommend labelling each effect clearly by giving it a name
(e.g. "Effect window", "Effect entrance area", etc.). The name may be a maximum of 28
characters and may contain alphanumeric and special characters.
Each effect receives a unique number (1...16), which is shown in square brackets before the
name. This number is only a label within the ETS plug-in, in order to distinguish clearly between
the individual effects, even if they have the same name. In addition, effects possess KNX
numbers (1...64). These KNX numbers can be used to start and stop the effects using the
extension object. Effect numbers do not have to be identical to KNX extension numbers. The
KNX numbers are configured individually.
KNX numbers must be unique. It is not possible to assign the same KNX numbers to multiple
effects.
In the case of effect steps, the step number (1...15) is displayed in square brackets. This labels
the step sequence of an effect run-through directly.
Starting and stopping effects (effect run-through)
Effect steps can control DALI groups, single devices and scenes. As soon as it is started, an
effect runs "in the background". Each new effect step overrides the previous effect step or the
most recently specified brightness state of an integrated DALI group or an assigned single
device. In contrast to the control of groups and devices via the objects "Switching", "Dimming",
"Brightness value" and "Central function for groups and devices", effects always have the same
priority. The last specification determines the brightness value.
With regard to the time sequences (time between effect steps, dimming behaviour), an effect
only ever works with the parameters of the effect steps. Parameters of the DALI groups,
individual devices or the scenes are irrelevant for the effect function. To ensure that time
functions of the groups and devices (e.g. staircase function, time delays) and the effect function
do not influence each other, parallel operation of these functions, i.e. the execution of an effect
and control using group or device functions, should be avoided if possible.
An effect always starts at effect step 1. The steps are processed in sequence, according to their
number. When all the brightness values of an effect step have been set, the effect controller
waits for the set "Delay until the next step". Then the next step is recalled. An effect run-through
corresponds to calling up all the steps created in the effect. The number of run-throughs can be
specified individually between 1...500 using a parameter. An effect stops automatically when the
configured number of run-throughs has been reached. Otherwise, the effect starts again with
the first step after processing of the last effect step (Figure 52).
Alternatively, an effect can also be started manually using communication objects and stopped
at any time. A stop command terminates the effect immediately after the processing of the
current step and subsequent execution of the stop step, without recalling other effect steps or
waiting for delay times (Figure 53). There are separate 1-bit objects (1 = Start effect / 0 = Stop
effect) as well as a shared 1-byte extension object available manual starting and stopping of
effects.
When an effect is stopped, the stop step is always executed. This makes it possible to set a
defined lighting state. The stop step is not executed explicitly between multiple effect runthroughs.
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start
run-through 1
step 1
step 2
run-through 2
step 3
step 1
step 2
step 3
stop
t
Figure 52: Example of an effect sequence with automatic stop
(here: 3 effect steps, 2 run-throughs)
start
stop
run-through 1
step 1
step 2
run-through 2 (shorten)
step 3
step 1
step 2
stop
t
Figure 53: Example of an effect sequence with manual stop
(here: 3 effect steps, run-through 2 is stopped early)
i Retriggering of an effect (multiple starting) shows no reaction. The effect continues
normally. An effect must first be stopped, in order to restart it in a defined manner at Step
1.
i It is possible to run through multiple effects simultaneously. If the same groups, single
devices or scenes are integrated into effects running simultaneously, then the effects
influence each other. In order to achieve a tidy, fault-free effect run-through, always try to
avoid running through effects with the same assignments simultaneously.
The priority of the effect function over the disabling or forced position functions of a group or a
single device can be configured separately for each effect. Thus, it is possible for an effect
recall to override a disabling or forced position function. An effect can have a lower priority,
meaning that disabling functions or forced positions cannot be overridden by a effect recall.
Setting a KNX effect number
Just like scenes, effects possess KNX numbers (1...64). These KNX numbers can be used to
start and also stop individual effects using the extension object of the effect function. The KNX
numbers are configured individually for each effect. KNX numbers must be unique. It is not
possible to assign the same KNX numbers to multiple effects.
The structure of the telegram value for the effect extension is orientated to the KNX DPT
18.001, which is also used in the scene extension (Figure 54).
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bits
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
number (0...63), corresponds KNX number (1...64)
not used (“0“)
0 = start effect / 1 = stop effect
Figure 54: Structure of the object value for the effect extension
o
In the parameter node "Effects - [x] Effect name" in the parameter "KNX number of the
effect (1...64)", set the required extension number.
It is possible to start and stop an effect via the effect extension object using the specified
KNX number.
i If a KNX number already used for another effect is entered, then the ETS plug-in will
automatically correct the input value to the next free KNX number.
i It should be noted that the object value of the extension input is always "1" less than the
configured KNX number, in accordance with KNX DPT 18.001 (Figure 54).
Example: KNX number = "1" -> Value in extension object = "0" -> The value "0" recalls the
effect with the KNX number 1. The value "1" starts the effect with the KNX number 2. This
applies appropriately for all other effects and KNX numbers.
Setting the effect priority
The priority of the individual effects over the disabling or forced position functions of a group or
a single device can be configured for each scene. Thus, it is possible for an effect to override a
disabling or forced position function. An effect can have a lower priority, meaning that disabling
functions or forced positions cannot be overridden by a effect recall.
o In the parameter node "Effects -> [x] Effect name", configure the parameter "Priority, effect
to be disabled/forced position" to "Low".
The effect has a lower priority to the supplementary functions of the assigned groups or the
assigned single devices. It is not possible to start an effect if a supplementary functions is
only activated for one group or one single device (if assigned).
o In the parameter node "Effects -> [x] Effect name", configure the parameter "Priority, effect
to be disabled/forced position" to "High".
The effect has a higher priority to the supplementary functions of the assigned groups or
the assigned single devices. The effect can be started if a disabling or forced position
function is active.
i Note that the effect priority set in the ETS plug-in is only observed when an effect is to be
restarted. Priority is ignored - irrespective of the setting- if a previously started effect is
running and a disabling or forced position is activated. For this reason, an effect with a
higher priority, if it is running, can be overridden with a disabling or forced position function.
In the same way, a disabling or forced position function with a higher priority can be
overridden by an effect, if the activation of the disabling or the forced position takes place
after the effect starts.
i If scenes are integrated in an effect step, then the scene priority is not evaluated when an
effect is recalled. The configured priority of the appropriate effect is of more importance.
Setting the number of effect run-throughs
An effect always starts at effect step 1. The steps are processed in sequence, according to their
number. An effect run-through corresponds to calling up all the steps created in the effect. The
number of run-throughs can be specified individually between 1...500 using a parameter. An
effect stops automatically when the configured number of run-throughs has been reached.
Otherwise the effect starts again with the first step after processing of the last effect step.
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o
In the parameter node "Effects -> [x] Effect name", set the parameter "Number of runthroughs" to the desired value (0...500).
The effect repeats the set number of times. Then the effect stops automatically. In the "0"
setting, the effect repeats cyclically, until a manual Stop command is received via the
communication objects.
i A manual stop command via the communication objects terminates the effect immediately
after the processing of the current step and subsequent execution of the stop step, without
recalling other effect steps or waiting for delay times.
Configuring the group and device assignment of an effect step
Groups and single devices can be assigned to an effect step without restrictions. In addition, it
is possible to assign created scenes. Each group, each single device and each scene can be
assigned independently by activating the checkbox in front of the group or single device name
or the scene name in the configuration of the effect steps (Figure 55). Groups, single devices
and scenes, whose checkboxes are not activated, are not assigned to the effect step. Any noncreated groups, single devices or scenes of the DALI Gateway are greyed out and thus cannot
be edited.
Figure 55: Example of a group assignment to an effect step
For reasons of clarity, all the available groups (1...32) and single devices (1...64) - irrespective
of the configured addressing type - as well as the scenes (1...16) are split up into various pages
in the window of an effect step, each of which can be displayed separately. 16 groups or single
devices are available on any given page. Scenes also have their own page. Pressing the
buttons "Groups...", "Single devices..." or "Scenes 1-16" in the configuration window of an effect
step changes between the page views.
Effects can also be used for master control (broadcast). Only one brightness value can ever be
assigned to each effect step.
o Activate the checkbox of the DALI groups, single devices and scenes, which are to be
assigned to the selected effect step.
The activated groups, single devices and scenes are assigned to the effect step. The
parameters of the brightness values are enabled.
i Assigned single devices are contacted in turn by the effect controller, because the devices
are addressed individually using their short address. This slows down processing of an
effect step. In addition, this influences the processing time of an effect step, if the dimming
behaviour allows for dimming times other than the standard (0.7 seconds). The more
groups or single devices are assigned to an effect step, the slower the effect step editing
will be. The "Delay until next step" is only started when the last assignment of an effect
step has been processed.
When a scene is recalled, the slowing effect from the addressing type does not noticeably
occur. For this reason, we recommend integrating devices - if at all possible - into scenes
and assigning them to the effect controller.
Only groups, single devices or scenes, whose brightness value are to be changed by an
effect step, should ever be assigned to that step.
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i If several identical DALI operating devices are integrated into an effect step, for example
due to redundant integration via groups and scenes, the brightness commands are
evaluated and set using a fixed priority. The group brightness value specified in an effect
step has the highest priority and thus prevails over brightness values of single devices and
scenes. The brightness values of single devices have medium priority and prevail over
scene brightness values. Scene brightness values have the lowest priority.
i It is possible to run through multiple effects simultaneously. If the same groups, single
devices or scenes are integrated into effects running simultaneously, then the effects
influence each other. In order to achieve a tidy, fault-free effect run-through, always try to
avoid running through effects with the same assignments simultaneously.
i DALI groups or single devices, integrated in centrally-supplied emergency lighting
operation, or single devices, corresponding to the DALI device type "Emergency light,
single-battery-operated", cannot be used in effects. Assignments to effect steps are lost if
the integration of groups or devices takes place later in emergency operation. In these
cases, the ETS plug-in warns of losing assignments.
Setting brightness values for effect steps
For each DALI group integrated in an effect step, for each integrated single device and for each
scene, it is necessary to specify which brightness value is to be set when the effect step is
recalled.
A group, a single device or a scene must be assigned to an effect step, in order to be able to
edit the brightness value.
o In the parameter node "Effects -> [x] Effect name -> [y] Step" (x = 1...16 / y = 1...15),
specify the necessary brightness value for each assigned DALI group, each assigned
single device and each assigned scene (Figure 55).
During a recall of the effect step, the appropriate configured brightness value is set on the
operating devices.
i The selection of the brightness value for DALI groups and single devices is restricted by
the limits configured minimum and maximum brightness in the ETS plug-in.
i During DALI commissioning, it is possible to assign multiple identical DALI operating
devices to different groups (multiple assignment: e.g. Electronic ballast 1 is located in
Group A and Group B). If groups (e.g. A & B) have now been assigned to an effect step
and these groups contains the same operating devices (e.g. electronic ballast 1), then
there will be a conflict on account of the differing effect step brightness values. In this case,
the effect controller calls up all the brightness values in order (starting with Group 1). If
there is a multiple assignment of electronic ballasts, it may occur that brief brightness
changes occur (e.g. brightness jumps, flickering, etc.) when an effect step is recalled. The
same applies to scenes in an effect step, if various scene assignments are configured with
identical groups.
Setting the dimming behaviour when recalling effect steps
In the configuration of an effect step, it is possible to specify whether the brightness values for
the assigned groups, single devices or scenes are recalled with an instant jump or are dimmed
to. The recall of an effect step can thus be executed independently of the set dimming
behaviour of the groups or single devices.
o In the parameter node "Effects -> [x] Effect name -> [y] Step" (x = 1...16 / y = 1...15), set
the parameter "Behaviour on recalling the effect step" to "Jump to".
The brightness values of the appropriate scene are instantly jumped to during a recall.
o In the parameter node "Effects -> [x] Effect name -> [y] Step" (x = 1...16 / y = 1...15), set
the parameter "Behaviour on recalling the effect step" to "Dim to...". At the same time,
define the time required to dim to the brightness values.
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The brightness values of the effect concerned are dimmed to during a recall. The dim
fading is activated The time in the parameter selection defines the duration of the dimming
procedure required to reach the brightness value. The brightness value of a group or a
single device at which the dimming starts has no significance. Thus, the dimming
procedure in case of an effect recall always requires the exact predefined time for all
groups, single devices and scenes.
i The configured dimming time for the dim fading of the effect function may deviate from the
standard dimming behaviour of a group or a single device. The DALI Gateway always
works with a standard fading time of 0.7 seconds. This value is automatically programmed
into DALI operating devices during initialisation. If the dimming behaviour of an effect step
now allows for another fading time, the Gateway will reprogram all the assigned DALI
operating devices to the dimming time of the effect step directly after recall. After the
configured brightness value has been specified, the Gateway immediately reprograms the
fading time back to the original value. This reprogramming takes place separately for each
group, each single device and each scene integrated into the effect step in sequence via
the DALI cable. As a result, the processing of an effect step becomes longer, the more
groups, single devices or scenes are assigned to it. The "Delay until next step" is only
started when the last assignment of an effect step has been processed.
i If scenes are integrated in an effect step, the dimming behaviour set for the scene is not
effective when an effect is recalled. The configured dimming behaviour of an effect is of
more importance.
Setting a delay between effect steps
During an effect run-through, effect steps are processed in sequence, according to their
number. When all the brightness values of an effect step have been set, the effect controller
waits for the set "Delay until the next step". Then the next step is recalled.
o In the parameter node "Effects -> [x] Effect name -> [y] Step" (x = 1...16 / y = 1...15),
configure the parameter "Delay until next step" to the required time.
When an effect step is recalled, the effect controller sets all the brightness values
according to the specification and then waits the set time. Only then is the next step
recalled. In the "00:00.0" setting, the individual steps are recalled without delay after their
processing.
i Assigned single devices are contacted in turn by the effect controller, because the devices
are addressed individually using their short address. This slows down processing of an
effect step. In addition, this influences the processing time of an effect step, if the dimming
behaviour allows for dimming times other than the standard (0.7 seconds). The more
groups or single devices are assigned to an effect step, the slower the effect step editing
will be. The "Delay until next step" is only started when the last assignment of an effect
step has been processed.
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4.2.4.6 Emergency lighting
The DALI Gateway can be integrated into DALI emergency lighting systems. It allows
interference-free operation of operating devices, general lighting systems and emergency
lighting operating devices of the same DALI system. The device is able to integrate standard
DALI operating devices for lighting control according to IEC 62386-101 (DALI System) and IEC
62386-102 (Control Gear) into centrally-supplied emergency lighting systems as an emergency
light. Alternatively or additionally, the DALI Gateway permits the control and function monitoring
of individual battery-operated emergency lighting operating devices according to IEC
62386-202.
The application principles of a DALI emergency lighting system (emergency light system, scope
of emergency operation, types of emergency lights) are described in more detail in the chapter
"Application principles - DALI emergency lighting systems" (see page 47).
The function "Emergency lighting" is enabled if the parameter "Integration of emergency
lights ?" in the ETS plug-in of the DALI Gateway in the parameter node "General", is set to
"yes" per limiting value. In this case, the parameter node "Emergency lights", which contains all
the relevant parameters for configuring the emergency lighting function, becomes visible.
The following chapters describe the configuration of individual functions of emergency light
integration in the ETS plug-in.
4.2.4.6.1 General configurations
Emergency lights system
The parameter "Emergency light system" in the "Emergency light" parameter node specifies
which system is used to implement emergency light operation. From this, it is possible to derive
which DALI operating devices are used...
Setting "Centrally-supplied":
No emergency lights with special DALI operating devices are used in an emergency
lighting system, supplied by group or central battery systems. Instead, standard devices
are used according to the basic DALI standards. These devices, which are primarily
intended to control general DALI lighting systems, usually only possess one mains voltage
connection and do not possess a battery for self-supply, should the mains voltage fail.
Setting "Single-battery-operated":
Single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights are independently functioning lights with
integrated supply battery and DALI ballast. If there is fault-free mains operation, the light is
supply by mains voltage and the battery charged permanently. If the mains fails, the ballast
switches to the battery supply. As a result, the battery then assumes the supply of the light
for a specific time.
Setting "Single-battery-operated & centrally-supplied":
In general, centrally-supplied emergency lighting systems can be combined with singlebattery-operated emergency lights in a DALI installation. This is a coexistence of both
systems, which do not influence each other, are functionally independent and are also
controlled and diagnosed separately by the DALI Gateway, if possible. When both systems
are combined, we recommend integrating the KNX system and DALI Gateway into the
central emergency power supply, so that diagnosis and control tasks via KNX remain
intact, even if there is a failure.
Depending on the setting of the parameter "Emergency light system", other parameters will
become visible, in order to configure the individual systems.
Emergency lights overall status
The DALI Gateway is able to evaluate the operating status of all the DALI operating devices
integrated into the emergency operation in accordance with the transferred error status (see
page 62), and to make them available collectively to other KNX devices in the form of 1-bit
feedback via the object "Feedback, emergency lights, complete". The status of all the electronic
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ballasts integrated into centrally-supplied and single-battery-operated emergency operation is
evaluated - provided that these systems are intended in the configuration. If the Gateway only
detects a malfunction of only one operating device or of multiple operating devices, it will set the
object value to "1". Otherwise (error-free system), the object value is set to "0". This allows the
central display of the complete status of a DALI emergency lighting system, e.g. on a KNX
visualisation, meaning that further analyses (e.g. evaluation of the error statuses or the test
results) can be carried out.
The test result of the function, continuous operation and battery tests is used to identify an error
for single-battery-operated emergency lights. The identification is supplemented by the
evaluation of the DALI error status (always for centrally-supplied DALI operating devices). An
error is also present when the Gateway can no longer set up communication to an operating
device integrated in emergency operation.
The complete status feedback can be used as an active message object or as a passive status
object. As an active message object, the feedback information is also directly transmitted to the
bus whenever there is an update. As a passive status object, there is no telegram transmission
after an update. In this case, the object value must be read out. The ETS automatically sets the
object communication flags required for proper functioning.
If used as an active message object, the complete status feedback state is transmitted to the
bus after bus or mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS, should an error be
present. In these cases, the feedback telegram can be time-delayed with the delay being preset
globally for all device feedback together (see page 69). If a time delay is required, the
parameter "Time delay for feedback after bus voltage return" must be set to "yes". Otherwise
("no" setting), transmission of the active message telegram takes place immediately after a
device reset and if there is an error.
Optionally, the complete status feedback, in its function as an active signalling object, can also
be transmitted cyclically, in addition to transmission on an update. The parameter "Cyclical
transmission of feedback telegram ?" specifies whether cyclical transmission is enabled or not.
If enabled, the parameter "Time for cyclical transmission" on the same parameter page will
define the cycle time.
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4.2.4.6.2 Configurations for centrally-supplied emergency lights
Scope of emergency operation
In centrally-supplied emergency lighting systems, a distinction is made as to which parts of the
electrical building installation are supplied by the emergency power supply. The parameter
"Scope of emergency operation" in the parameter node "Emergency lights -> Centrallysupplied" (available if the emergency light system allows for centrally-supplied electronic
ballasts) defines the scope of the emergency lighting systems...
"Emergency lights" setting:
In this application, either all or just individual DALI operating devices are connected to the
emergency power supply. The KNX system and DALI Gateway are not supplied with
emergency power, which means that if the mains voltage fails, these subsystems will no
longer function. If there is a fault, there is no DALI voltage because the power supply of the
Gateway is no longer working.
"Emergency lights & KNX system" setting:
In this application, all or individual DALI operating devices as well as the power supply of
the KNX system are connected to the emergency power supply. The DALI Gateway is not
supplied with emergency power, which means that it will no longer function if the mains
voltage fails. If there is a fault, there is no DALI voltage because the power supply of the
Gateway is no longer working. Since the KNX system continues working without
interruption if the mains power fails, mains failure messages that the Gateway can produce
before switch-off (feedback of supply voltage failure) can be evaluated and processed.
"Emergency lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway" setting:
In this application, all or individual DALI operating devices, the power supply of the KNX
system and the mains voltage connection of the DALI Gateway are connected to the
emergency power supply. If there is a fault, DALI voltage will remain since the power
supply of the Gateway continues working. This application offers the greatest flexibility,
since the DALI Gateway can continue to control the operating devices. In this application,
the DALI operating devices do not switch automatically to the "System Failure Level".
Instead, the Gateway controls selected operating devices at a special brightness value for
emergency operation. This brightness can be configured in the ETS plug-in within the limits
of minimum and maximum brightness if necessary. Alternatively, it is possible to define no
special behaviour at the beginning of emergency operation. In this case, the operating
devices assigned to emergency operation remain at the last set brightness value.
Integration of operating devices
The Gateway requires the information of which of the DALI operating devices are integrated into
centrally-supplied emergency operation. Furthermore, it is necessary to define the brightness
value or the behaviour for emergency operation. Each group and device of the single
addressing in the programming has special parameters for this purpose. These parameters are
available in the parameter node "Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> "Emergency lights,
centrally-supplied" or "Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Emergency
lights, centrally-supplied".
Regardless of whether the scope of emergency operation also includes the Gateway (see
parameter "Scope of emergency operation"), the behaviour of all the electronic ballasts of a
DALI group or all the single devices in emergency operation can be influenced differently...
Emergency operation only comprises DALI lights:
Due to the switched-off DALI voltage, the operating devices supplied with emergency
current set the "System Failure Level" saved in the device at the beginning of emergency
operation as the brightness value. This brightness value was written by the DALI Gateway
to the DALI operating devices after ETS commissioning. By default, the "System Failure
Level" is defined by the "Behaviour in case of bus voltage failure" parameter of a group or
single device. Optionally, this value - irrespective of the behaviour in case of bus voltage
failure - can be set to a separate brightness value for emergency operation. For this
purpose, set the parameter "Define separate brightness value for emergency operation ?"
to "yes". The parameter "Brightness value in emergency operation" then available defines
the value for the "System Failure Level" regardless of the behaviour in case of bus voltage
failure.
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Emergency operation comprises DALI lights and KNX system:
Even in this case, due to the switched-off DALI voltage, the operating devices supplied with
emergency current set the "System Failure Level" saved in the device at the beginning of
emergency operation. As in the application "Emergency operation only comprises DALI
lights", this brightness value was written by the DALI Gateway to the DALI operating
devices after ETS commissioning. Optionally, the value can - irrespective of the behaviour
in case of bus voltage failure - be set to a separate brightness value for emergency
operation. For this purpose, set the parameter "Define separate brightness value for
emergency operation ?" to "yes". The parameter "Brightness value in emergency
operation" then available defines the value for the "System Failure Level" regardless of the
behaviour in case of bus voltage failure.
Emergency operation comprises DALI lights, KNX system and DALI Gateway
(recommended application):
In this application, the DALI operating devices do not switch automatically to the "System
Failure Level". Instead, the Gateway controls selected operating devices to the brightness
value specified by the parameter "Brightness at the start of emergency operation". This
parameter is available if the parameter "Define behaviour at the start of emergency
operation ?" is configured to "yes". Otherwise ("no" setting), the operating devices assigned
to emergency operation remain at the last set brightness values.
The brightness value specified by the parameter "Brightness at the start of emergency
operation" is also entered into the DALI operating devices as the System Failure Level. If
the mains voltage supply of the DALI Gateway should fail, and consequently the DALI
voltage, the operating devices affected will also set themselves to this brightness value. If
the parameter is unavailable (parameter "Define behaviour at the start of emergency
operation ?" set to "no"), the "System Failure Level" is defined by the "Behaviour in case of
bus voltage failure" parameter of a group or single device.
i DALI groups or single devices integrated in centrally-supplied emergency lighting operation
or single devices corresponding to the DALI device type "Emergency light, single-batteryoperated" cannot be assigned to any scenes or effects. Assignments to scenes and effects
are lost if the integration of groups or devices takes place later in emergency operation. In
these cases, the ETS plug-in warns of losing assignments.
Monitoring power supply failure
If the scope of emergency operation also allows for the integration of the DALI Gateway, the
Gateway will activate emergency operation. It instigates all the appropriate actions on the KNX
and the DALI page. Identification of a mains failure as the cause of emergency operation can
take place in different ways. Either the Gateway automatically identifies whether mains voltage
is present (internal failure messages) or not using the diagnosis of the DALI operating devices.
This is possible through contacting and reading out all commissioned DALI devices. If a number
of these devices specified by the programmer do not respond, the Gateway will assume that the
mains voltage has failed.
In addition, or alternatively, a KNX telegram can inform the Gateway that emergency operation
is to be activated (external failure message). This is useful, for example, when a KNX binary
input is monitoring the mains voltage and transmits a message telegram if there is a mains
failure.
The parameter "Monitoring for the failure of the general power supply ?" in the parameter node
"Emergency lights -> Centrally-supplied -> Emergency lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway"
defines whether the detection of a mains voltage failure will take place using an internal DALI
failure message or, alternatively, using an external KNX failure message. Both options can be
combined and linked logically (AND, OR), which means that a higher guarantee of detection or
redundancy can be implemented during failure detection.
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Internal DALI failure message:
With the internal DALI failure message, all the planned and commissioned DALI operating
devices are polled cyclically (same interval in seconds as for determining the error status).
Should one of the devices no longer respond to the Gateway, the operating device
concerned will be saved internally as "failed". As a result, the DALI Gateway will assume
that the mains voltage supply of the DALI operating device has failed. In the ETS plug-in,
the parameter "Maximum number of failed devices" (1...64) can be used to define how
many devices must be identified as "failed" for the Gateway to activate emergency
operation. If the number of failed devices reaches or exceeds the configured limit value,
then failure of the general mains power supply is assumed. If the limit value was not
reached, the Gateway will remain in normal operation.
i The standard setting of the parameter "Maximum number of failed devices" is "64", which
means that all the DALI operating devices must fail before emergency operation is
activated. This number is not usually reached in practical applications since emergency
lighting systems always have some electronic ballasts integrated into the central
emergency power supply or are operated with single batteries. Consequently, these
operating devices do not fail in the event of a mains voltage failure and can therefore not
be identified by the Gateway as "failed", which means that the maximum limit value of 64
operating devices can never be reached.
If the internal DALI failure message is being used, the parameter "Maximum number of
failed devices" must always then be set to the required number of devices and thus
adjusted to the number of DALI subscribers in the DALI system which are not supplied with
emergency current.
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External KNX failure message:
In the case of the external KNX failure message, a different KNX bus device (e.g. binary
input) can inform the DALI Gateway via the 1-bit object ("Failure, external supply") that the
general mains voltage supply has failed. With this, the Gateway then activates emergency
operation. The telegram polarity of the object is fixed: "1" = Mains voltage has failed, "0" =
Mains voltage available.
i Updates to the object "Failure, external supply" from "1" to "1" or "0" to "0" do not produce
any reaction.
If the internal and external failure messages are interlinked, the Gateway will then use the set
logical link to test whether emergency operation is to be activated or not. In the setting "Failure
message DALI OR KNX (internal OR external"), the Gateway must either have independently
identified that the defined number of DALI devices has failed, or must have been informed
externally about the mains failure. Only one positive failure message is decisive in activating
emergency operation.
In the setting "Failure message DALI AND KNX (internal AND external)", both the internal and
external evaluation must be positive in order for the emergency operation to be activated If only
one failure message is active, emergency operation will not be activated. In addition, active
emergency operation will be terminated as soon as a failure message becomes inactive again.
i After a device reset (mains voltage failure and return on the Gateway, ETS programming
operation), emergency operation is always deactivated.
Message: Failure, general supply
A 1-bit failure telegram can be transmitted to the KNX as feedback either through the internal
failure message, or alternatively, through the external failure message, provided that the
Gateway has activated emergency operation. This allows other bus devices evaluating this
feedback (e.g. other KNX DALI Gateways) to react and also activate emergency operation.
Automatic identification of a mains voltage failure is usually not necessary with these devices,
which means that only one DALI Gateway in the KNX system needs to be integrated actively
into mains failure detection.
If necessary, the object "Feedback, supply failure" is enabled by the parameter "Message,
general supply failure ?" in the parameter node "Emergency lights -> Centrally-supplied ->
Emergency lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway". This object causes telegram transmission
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as soon as the Gateway activates ("1 telegram / mains voltage failed) or deactivates ("0
" telegram / mains voltage available again) emergency operation.
i After a device reset (mains voltage failure and return on the Gateway, ETS programming
operation), emergency operation is always deactivated. No telegram transmission takes
place via the object "Feedback, supply failure", not even if emergency operation was active
before the reset.
i "Feedback, supply failure" is transmitted immediately as soon as the Gateway detects the
failure or return of the mains voltage. It should be noted that the deactivation of emergency
operation after the return of mains voltage can take place after a delay (see
page 132-133).
Feedback is not generated if emergency operation was activated or deactivated using the
object "Emergency operation, external message".
Reaction to external message
The DALI Gateway does not need to monitor its own DALI system or external failure messages
itself in order to identify the failure of the general mains voltage supply and thus to activate
emergency operation. Optionally, it can be switched to emergency operation by an external
message. When using the external message, only one DALI Gateway (Master) in the KNX
system needs to be integrated actively into mains failure detection. All other Gateways - if
available - will then evaluate the external feedback of this Master. Alternatively, a Gateway can
be controlled using the external message from any KNX device.
If necessary, the object "Emergency operation, external message" is enabled by the parameter
"Allow reaction to external message ?" in the parameter node "Emergency lights -> Centrallysupplied -> Emergency lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway". Using this 1-bit object, a
different KNX bus device (e.g. another DALI Gateway -> link to the object "Feedback, supply
failure") can inform the DALI Gateway that emergency operation has been activated. Through
this, the Gateway then activates emergency operation, without having to identify the failure of
the general mains voltage supply itself. The telegram polarity is fixed: "1" = Mains voltage has
failed / Activate emergency operation, "0" = Mains voltage available / Deactivate emergency
operation.
i In special cases, it is possible to combine the monitoring for failures in the mains voltage
supply (through an internal and/or external failure message) with the reaction to an external
message. This is useful, for example, when the Gateway is to monitor the existence of
mains voltage independently and, in addition, it must be possible to execute the forced
activation and deactivation of emergency operation - for example for servicing purposes.
Emergency operation can be controlled independently using the object "Emergency
operation, external message" to monitor for failures in the general mains voltage supply.
Behaviour at the end of emergency operation
If the Gateway deactivates emergency operation (due to internal or external failure monitoring of
the mains voltage or an external message telegram), all the DALI groups or single devices
integrated in the centrally-supplied emergency operation are switched to defined brightness
states. The behaviour at the end of emergency operation is specified globally by the parameter
of the same name in the parameter node "Emergency lights -> Centrally-supplied -> Emergency
lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway". This means that the switching off or the activation of a
defined brightness value can be configured. Alternatively, the brightness value active before
emergency operation or the brightness value tracked internally during emergency operation can
be set. As a final alternative, it is possible to retain the current state of all operating devices.
i In the "Brightness value" setting, values in the range 0.1% ... 100% can be configured. The
minimum and maximum values of the individual DALI groups or single devices are not
taken into account here when setting the parameter. If brightness values that undershoot
the individual minimum values or exceed the maximum values are defined for the
behaviour at the end of emergency operation, then the groups or single devices concerned
are limited to the corresponding limit values.
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Deactivation of emergency operation and thus the execution of the behaviour at the end of
emergency operation can take place after a delay. A time delay is advisable in order to give
DALI operating devices without an emergency supply sufficient time after the return of mains
voltage to switch on at the operating brightness. The delay time means that DALI emergency
lights are only switched off or switched to normal operation when the standard lighting is ready
for operation.
The parameter "Delay time at the end of emergency operation" defines the period of time from
the identification of the return of mains voltage until the actual deactivation of emergency
operation. In the "00:00" setting, emergency operation is deactivated without a delay.
i If the mains voltage fails again during a delay or an external message telegram forces the
Gateway into emergency operation, emergency operation will remain activated without
interruption.
Feedback emergency operation
The DALI Gateway is able to make the state of emergency operation available on the KNX in
the form of 1-bit feedback via the object "Feedback, emergency operation status". This allows
other KNX bus devices to be informed about emergency operation in order to control displays
for users (e.g. in a visualisation) or to carry out further actions (e.g. remote forwarding via the
telephone or IP data network through suitable KNX components). If emergency operation is
activated, the Gateway sets the object value to "1". Otherwise (emergency operation
deactivated), the object value is set to "0".
If the feedback function is to be used, it must be enabled in the parameter node "Emergency
lights -> Centrally-supplied -> Emergency lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway -> Feedback,
emergency operation" using the parameter "Feedback 'Emergency operation status' ?".
The emergency operation feedback can be used as an active message object or as a passive
status object. As an active message object, the feedback information is also directly transmitted
to the bus whenever there is an update. As a passive status object, there is no telegram
transmission after an update. In this case, the object value must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the object communication flags required for proper functioning.
If used as an active message object, the feedback state is transmitted to the bus after bus or
mains voltage return or after programming with the ETS, provided that emergency operation is
activated. In these cases, the feedback telegram can be time-delayed with the delay being
preset globally for all device feedback together (see page 69). If a time delay is required, the
parameter "Time delay for feedback after bus voltage return ?" must be set to "yes". Otherwise
("no" setting), transmission of the active message telegram takes place immediately after a
device reset and if there is active emergency operation.
Optionally, the emergency operation feedback in its function as an active signalling object can
also be transmitted cyclically, in addition to transmission on an update. The parameter "Cyclical
transmission of feedback telegram ?" specifies whether cyclical transmission is enabled or not.
If enabled, the parameter "Time for cyclical transmission" on the same parameter page will
define the cycle time.
i After a device reset (mains voltage failure and return on the Gateway, ETS programming
operation), emergency operation is always deactivated. No telegram transmission takes
place via the active object "Feedback, emergency operation status", not even if emergency
operation was active before the reset.
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4.2.4.6.3 Configurations for single-battery-operated emergency lights
Integration of operating devices
DALI operating devices are automatically integrated into single-battery-operated emergency
operation, provided that they are configured to the device type "Emergency light, single-batteryoperated". The configuration of the device type is possible for each individually-addressed
device, provided that the integration of emergency lights is enabled in the general device
configuration. For each single device, the parameter "Device type" is located in the parameter
node "Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast".
i Optionally, the assignment of DALI operating devices to programmed devices can be
supplemented by a general test of the DALI device types in the course of DALI
commissioning. For it to be possible to carry out the test, the parameter "Use 'DALI device
type' setting ?" in the "General" parameter node must be configured to "yes". Even if this
parameter is set to "no", it is possible to configure device types for individual devices,
provided that the integration of emergency lights is possible. This allows the Gateway to
identify which devices are intended for single-battery-operated emergency operation
irrespective of the DALI commissioning.
i Some DALI operating devices have the device type "Multitype". Such devices can be
integrated into the emergency light function for single-battery emergency lights, provided
that these are enabled for this application. The ETS plug-in identifies this by reading out
specific properties during DALI commissioning. Multitype can normally be used for general
lighting tasks and emergency lighting applications. There are, however, some multitypes
which are unsuitable for single-battery-operated emergency lighting applications.
Single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights have a special brightness value in the device
memory. This brightness value defines the brightness of the connected lighting for emergency
operation (Emergency Level) and is defined separately for each emergency light in the ETS
plug-in using the parameter "Brightness for active emergency lighting" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballasts -> Emergency lights, single-batteryoperated".
i The brightness for emergency operation can be set in the ETS plug-in between the limits
0.1 %...100 % regardless of the configured minimum and maximum brightness. The
planned brightness value is programmed into the DALI operating devices during the
initialisation operation after an ETS programming operation. The brightness for emergency
operation must be within the limits "Emergency Min Level" and "Emergency Max Level" of
the emergency light operating devices. Otherwise, the brightness value is undefined. The
limit values are usually specified by the manufacturer of the operating devices. Please refer
to the documentation of the emergency light operating devices in order to correctly
determine the brightness value for emergency operation.
i As part of device assignment during DALI commissioning, single-battery-operated DALI
emergency lights must always be assigned to planned single devices (single addressing),
provided that these operating devices are to execute an emergency light function.
Assignment to group-related single devices (group addressing) is possible, but only on
condition that these operating devices can only be used for standard lighting control (if
supported by the operating device) and not for emergency lighting applications.
Behaviour at the end of emergency operation
After the return of general supply voltage, single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights
automatically deactivate emergency operation and return to normal operation. Electronic
ballasts of this type normally then switch off the light. Deactivation of emergency operation can
take place after a delay individually for each single-battery-operated electronic ballast. A time
delay is advisable in order to give DALI operating devices without an emergency supply
sufficient time after the return of mains voltage to switch on at the operating brightness. The
delay time means that DALI emergency lights are only switched off or switched to normal
operation when the standard lighting is ready for operation.
The parameter "Delay time after return of the general voltage supply" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Emergency lights, single-batteryoperated" defines the period of time from the identification of the return of mains voltage until
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the actual deactivation of emergency operation ("Prolongation Time"). In the "0 seconds"
setting, emergency operation is deactivated without a delay.
Test functions
Single-battery-operated DALI emergency lights are usually able to perform function and
continuous operation tests. In many countries, safety requirements stipulate that such tests be
performed for emergency lighting equipment (e.g. IEC 62034 Automatic test systems for battery
powered emergency escape lighting). The DALI Gateway makes it possible to carry out function
and continuous operation tests using external or automatic starts and to make the test results
available separately for each DALI operating device via KNX telegram.
The KNX DLI Gateway can have the following test functions controlled and executed
individually for each commissioned, single-battery-operated emergency light...
Function test:
During a function test, the general function of the emergency light is tested and logged. If
the test was initiated, the single-battery-operated electronic ballast to be tested
automatically tests the function of the internal converter and the switching unit, and
evaluates the current capacity of the battery. The function test makes it possible to
determine that all the device functions are working properly and the battery is intact.
The function test makes the following test results available: "Converter error" (defective
device), "Battery error" and "Error, emergency lamp". In addition, the charging state of the
battery is logged. Furthermore, the Gateway signals whether the maximum time of the
function test has elapsed (the electronic ballast could not perform the test in the time
prescribed by the electronic ballast manufacturer).
If any errors are detected on an electronic ballast during the function test, the Gateway will
also set the error bits "Electronic ballast error", "Converter error" and / or "Lamp error" of
the DALI error status (see page 62). Consequently, errors in single-battery-operated
electronic ballasts can also be identified independently for the diagnosis of DALI
emergency lights.
A function test can either be activated automatically (cyclically within configurable repeat
times) or additionally by a user command via KNX telegram. Function tests are frequently
performed on a weekly basis, depending on national directives.
i The length of a function test, and thus the time until the test result is made available by the
Gateway after the start of a test, is dependent on the charging level of the battery. The
electronic ballast to be tested normally assumes a low charging capacity so that the
function test to be carried out without interruptions. The electronic ballast will delay the
execution of the function test for as long as the required charging capacity of the battery is
not reached.
With sufficient battery charging, the actual function test often only takes a few seconds.
The length of a function test generally depends on the specifications of the electronic
ballast manufacturer with regard to the actual battery charging and is therefore absolutely
individual.
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Continuous operation test:
During a continuous operation test, the function of the battery is tested and logged. If the
test has been initiated, the single-battery-operated electronic ballast to be tested
automatically tests the battery capacity by continuously switching on the emergency lamp
and evaluates whether uninterrupted emergency operation is guaranteed for the specified
rated operating period.
The function test provides the test result "Battery error". Furthermore, the Gateway signals
whether the maximum time of the continuous operation test has elapsed (the electronic
ballast could not perform the test within the time prescribed by the electronic ballast
manufacturer). A continuous operation test is considered as having failed if the determined
battery operating length was too short. Amongst other things, the Gateway makes the
length of the successful or failed test operation available in the range 2...510 minutes.
Should errors be detected on an electronic ballast during the continuous operation test, the
Gateway will also set the error bit "Electronic ballast error" of the DALI error status (see
page 62). Consequently, errors in single-battery-operated electronic ballasts can also be
identified independently for the diagnosis of DALI emergency lights.
A continuous operation test can either be activated automatically (cyclically within
configurable repeat times) or additionally by a user command via KNX telegram.
Continuous operation tests are usually performed on an annual basis, depending on
national directives.
i The length of a continuous operation test, and thus the time until the test result is made
available by the Gateway after the start of a test, is dependent on the charging level of the
battery and the specifications of the electronic ballast manufacturer. The electronic ballast
to be tested normally assumes a high or full charging capacity (depending on type) so that
the continuous operation test can be carried out without interruptions. The electronic ballast
will delay the execution of the continuous operation test for as long as the required
charging capacity of the battery is not reached. In the case of some electronic ballasts, the
mains voltage must be available without interruption for several hours before a continuous
operation is actually performed by the electronic ballast.
With sufficient battery charging the actual continuous operation test often takes a few
hours. During this time, the electronic ballast activates emergency light operation. The
length of a continuous operation test is generally dependent on the specifications of the
electronic ballast manufacturer with regard to the actual battery charging and the load time
of the battery and is therefore absolutely individual.
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Limited continuous operation test:
The limited continuous operation test primarily works like the continuous operation test,
with the difference that the Gateway specifies the test length. In this application, the
Gateway activates and terminates the continuous operation test according to the user
command via KNX specification. This means that the test can be reduced to a few minutes
provided that the technical conditions are fulfilled (sufficient battery charging).
Before and after this test, the charging state and the operational readiness of the battery
can be polled by evaluating the test result. Through appropriate difference formation of the
two charging states, KNX devices can be used (e.g. visualisation) to evaluate the capacity
of the battery without waiting for the entire operating length of the test to elapse.
The limited continuous operation test can be activated separately for each electronic ballast
using the parameter "Activate limited continuous operation test ?" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Emergency lights, singlebattery-operated" and can thus complement the normal continuous operation test since this
is normally only carried out seldom (e.g. annually). The parameter "Test length of a limited
continuous operation test" in the parameter node "Emergency lights -> Single-batteryoperated" globally defines the length of the limited continuous operation test for all singlebattery-operated electronic ballasts.
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Battery test:
The battery test permits regular reading out of the current battery charging state of a singlebattery-operated electronic ballast without having to perform a function or continuous
operation test. During the battery test, it is not necessary to activate emergency operation,
which means that the emergency lamp is not controlled either. The charging state is read
out as the result of a battery test and is made available as the test result. By evaluating the
test result, it is possible, for example, to detect a defective battery due to possible selfdischarge easily before emergency light operation begins.
The battery test can be activated separately for each electronic ballast using the parameter
"Poll battery charging state directly ?" in the parameter node "Addressing -> Single
devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Emergency lights, single-battery-operated". The test
can be performed as often as required.
i Some single-battery-operated electronic ballasts internally reset the battery charging state
to "0" when the mains voltage is switched on again after a failure or a function or
continuous operation test was performed.
Function and continuous tests can either be activated automatically (cyclically within
configurable repeat times) and additionally or alternatively with a user command via KNX
telegram. Automatic execution of the test function is optional and defined by the scope of
functions of the single-battery-operated operating devices. In the ETS plug-in, the programming
of an electronic ballast only specifies the time intervals in which the operating devices are to
perform the automatic function and continuous operation tests. The parameter "Automatic
function test interval" and "Automatic continuous operation test interval" in the parameter node
"Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Emergency lights, single-batteryoperated" individually specify the repeat times for the two test functions independently. The
parameter settings are programmed into the operating devices during the initialisation of the
Gateway after an ETS programming operation. In the "Deactivated" setting, no automatic
function and continuous operation tests are carried out. Here, only manual starting of the test is
possible using the object "Emergency operation test start / status".
The operating devices start and stop the automatic tests themselves. The Gateway reads out
the test status of the operating devices cyclically and in sequence and can thus detect whether
an automatic test has taken place and whether a test result is available. If this is the case, the
Gateway also puts the test result on the KNX page.
Function and continuous operation tests as well as the limited continuous operation test and the
battery test can be started manually independently of one another - and separately for each
single-battery-operated electronic ballast - using the 1-byte object "Emergency operation test
start / status". If manual starting of individual tests is to be available, then the parameters
"Activate function test externally ?", "Activate continuous operation test externally ?", "Activate
limited continuous operation test externally ?" and "Poll battery charging state directly ?"
(battery test) in the parameter node "Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballasts ->
Emergency lights, single-battery-operated" must all be configured to "yes". If "no" is set, the
tests concerned cannot be activated using the object "Emergency operation test start / status".
In the object, each test has a start bit and a status bit (Figure 56). A test can be started explicitly
by setting the start bit to "1". At the end of the test, the Gateway makes the test result available
in the object "Feedback, emergency operation test".
The object "Emergency operation test start / status" is bidirectional and also provides the status
of the test functions as status information in the status bits. The status "1" means that the
electronic ballast is currently performing a test. The status "0" means that no test is currently
being performed (test completed, cancelled or waiting for a test). The status information is readonly.
It is possible to terminate a test early. To do this, the value "0" can be written to the object
"Emergency operation test start / status". In this case, the test result is invalid. Therefore, the
Gateway does not make a new test result available.
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Figure 56: Structure of the 1-byte object "Emergency operation test start / status"
The status information of the object "Emergency operation test start / status" can either be
actively transmitting or can be read out passively. The parameter "Transmit test status of the
emergency lights" in the parameter branch "Emergency lights -> Single-battery-operated"
provides a global definition for all programmed single-battery-operated emergency lights of the
Gateway as to whether the electronic ballast objects actively transmit the individual status
automatically when there is a change to the object value, or whether the values can only be
read out passively with a read telegram. The object value changes occurs after completion of a
manually-initiated or automatically-executed function or continuous operation test or after a
completed battery test or a limited continuous operation test.
i The execution of a function test or a continuous operation (also limited) by the controlled
electronic ballast after the start command to the object "Emergency operation test start /
status" takes place after a delay, if start conditions are not yet fulfilled (e.g. sufficient battery
charging). In some cases (e.g. close to mains voltage return), the execution of a test can
thus by delayed by several hours.
The status bits in the object only then display that a test is running after the electronic
ballast has actually started a test.
i In an actively-transmitting object, the value of the "Emergency operation test start / status"
object is not always transmitted after an ETS programming operation or after mains voltage
return on the DALI Gateway. The transmission of the object value, and thus of the status
information, only takes place if an active test was detected (e.g. automatic function or
continuous operation test).
i It is not possible to execute multiple tests simultaneously. Commands to start a test are
rejected for as long as another test is active. In the case of multiple set start bits in a
telegram to the object "Emergency operation test start / status", the value is declared
invalid and not evaluated by the Gateway.
The test results are logged separately for each single-battery-operated electronic ballast in a 3byte status object. This object contains various information on the individual test functions,
which are made available in a bit-orientated manner (Figure 57). Thus Bits 0...2 and 4 indicate
which test function was most recently completed successfully. Bits 3, 14 and 15 signal whether
errors occurred in the tests, and Bits 8, 10 and 11 describe the error in greater detail. Bit 9
signals that the battery charging time was too short in order to complete the test properly. These
bits are active if they have the status "1". In the status "0", the information is inactive (e.g. "No
error") or irrelevant.
After a function test, before and after a limited continuous operation test and after a battery test,
the top 8 bits of the object (Bits 16...23) contain the current battery charging state (0...255 ->
0...100 %). After a continuous operation test, these bits contain the length of the successful or
unsuccessful test operation. The decimal value of these bits, multiple by 2 minutes, gives the
length of the test (2...510 minutes).
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Figure 57: Structure of the 3-byte object "Feedback, emergency operation test"
The value of the object "Feedback, emergency operation test" can either be actively transmitting
or can be read out passively. The parameter "Transmit test result of the emergency lights" in the
parameter branch "Emergency lights -> Single-battery-operated" provides a global definition for
all programmed single-battery-operated emergency lights of the Gateway, as to whether the
electronic ballast objects actively transmit the individual test results automatically when there is
a change to the object value, or whether the values can only be read out passively with a read
telegram. The object value changes when there is a new test result. This is the case after
completion of a manually-initiated or automatically-executed function or continuous operation
test. A completed battery test also produces a new test result. In addition, at the beginning of a
restricted continuous operation test, the current battery charging state is tracked in the test
result.
i The test result provided in the object always contains the most recent result of the most
recently started and ended test function. In general, the test functions also include error
states, identified as part of the evaluation of the DALI error status (e.g. device errors,
converter errors, emergency lamp errors). A new test must be performed for these errors
detected during a DALI error status to be integrated into the object "Feedback, emergency
operation test".
i Should a test have been cancelled early using the "Emergency operation, test start /
status", then no new test result is provided.
i In an actively-transmitting object, the value of the "Feedback, emergency operation test"
object is not always transmitted after an ETS programming operation or after mains voltage
return on the DALI Gateway. The transmission of the object value, and thus a new test
result, only takes place if a test was successfully completed beforehand (e.g. automatic
function or continuous operation test).
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4.2.4.7 DALI commissioning
4.2.4.7.1 Starting DALI commissioning
It is easy to configure the devices of the DALI Gateway, including the configuration of the DALI
groups, the single devices, the scenes and effects using the plug-in embedded in the ETS. In
addition, DALI commissioning via the KNX bus cable can also be performed using the plug-in.
No additional tool and no special programming connection is required.
i DALI commissioning must be performed after device configuration has been completed (all
groups and single devices created / scenes, effects and emergency lights configured / all
group addresses assigned). In addition, it is necessary that the DALI Gateway has been
programmed with the ETS at least once before DALI commissioning so that the device has
a physical address and the application program is loaded (see page 12).
i DALI commissioning is not necessary, and thus not available in the ETS plug-in if the
addressing allows for a master control (see page 38).
Important note:
During DALI commissioning, ensure that the entire DALI system is switched on and ready for
operation. It is not possible, for example, to switch off previously commissioned electronic
ballasts or to disconnect them from the DALI cable. During the entire commissioning process,
fault-free communication must be guaranteed between the DALI Gateway and all DALI
operating devices.
If the necessary requirements have been fulfilled, "DALI commissioning" can be executed on
the parameter page of the same name in the plug-in. After selecting the commissioning page
and successful communication with the DALI Gateway, the commissioning environment
becomes visible in the right-hand pane of the plug-in (Figure 58).
Figure 58: DALI commissioning environment in the ETS plug-in
When the commissioning environment is recalled, the plug-in first tries to communicate with the
DALI Gateway via the bus connection of the ETS (Figure 59), and checks whether DALI
commissioning is possible. For this reason, the DALI Gateway must be connected to the KNX
bus cable and the bus and mains voltage supply must be switched on when DALI
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commissioning is recalled. In addition, the ETS must have a functioning communications
interface to the bus (e.g. USB or KNXnet/IP).
i In this situation, the Gateway does not check the function of the DALI cable.
If it is not be possible to setup a connection to the DALI Gateway in this situation, the plug-in will
terminate commissioning. The commissioning environment will become visible even though the
commissioning functions are not available. The following section lists the causes for a faulty
connection and the appropriate remedies...
Cause: No functioning ETS communication interface to the KNX.
Remedy: Check, and if necessary, setup the connection in the ETS.
Cause: Physical address and application program not previously programmed by the ETS.
Remedy: Close the plug-in and first program the physical address and application program.
Cause: KNX bus voltage on the DALI Gateway or the local data interface not connected or
switched on.
Remedy: Connect and switch on the bus voltage.
Cause: Mains voltage supply on the DALI Gateway not switched on.
Remedy: Switch on the mains supply on the Gateway.
i DALI commissioning can only be carried out if the application program programmed in the
ETS is also available in the Gateway, i.e. was loaded into the device in a previous ETS
programming operation. For this purpose, the application number and the application
version in the device are tested. If this data does not match the specifications of the ETS
project, the ETS plug-in will not offer any further commissioning functions. Here, the
application program configured in the ETS must first be loaded into the Gateway.
This information must particularly be observed in the case of different language variants
(each variant has a different application version).
Figure 59: Setting up a bus connection to the DALI Gateway for DALI commissioning
Next, DALI commissioning can be carried out, for example by assigning the DALI operating
devices to the configured groups or single devices.
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4.2.4.7.2 Performing DALI commissioning
During DALI commissioning, the max. 64 DALI operating devices of a DALI system are
assigned to the programmed groups or single devices of the Gateway. Only this assignment
creates the option of controlling the DALI operating devices individually or jointly via the KNX.
The "addressing type" defined in the ETS plug-in specifies whether group and/or single device
control is possible (see page 38).
Any number of DALI operating devices can be assigned to groups 1...16. On the DALI side,
addressing takes place using group addresses, which the Gateway configures invisibly for the
user and manages on its own. During DALI commissioning, the operating devices concerned
are automatically programmed accordingly. In contrast, only up to two DALI operating devices
can be assigned to groups 17...32. Since there are no DALI group addresses for these groups,
DALI addressing takes place using the device short addresses, which means that the operating
devices are addressed, and thus contacted, individually.
Alternatively, DALI operating devices can be addressed as single devices. The addressing of
these devices takes place individually using the device short addresses.
i DALI operating devices can either be integrated only in single device addressing, or
alternatively, in group addressing. It is not possible to control an operating device with both
addressing types. Operating devices integrated in group control can no longer be
addressed as a single device. The reverse case applies in the same manner.
The commissioning environment of the plug-in is divided up into two panes. The right-hand
pane lists the operating devices found in the DALI system. The left-hand pane displays the
created groups. The assignment of the DALI devices to the programmed groups or single
devices also takes place there (Figure 60).
The pane of the programmed DALI devices (A) displays all the groups and single devices
configured in the ETS plug-in. In the later course of DALI commissioning, this area plays host to
the assignment to found electronic ballasts of the DALI system. Groups can contain multiple
electronic ballasts, whereby single devices can only ever contain one electronic ballast. Select
whether the panel displays groups or single devices, thus allowing assignments to these
elements, by pressing the "Single devices" or "Groups" buttons in the top area of the pane.
Single devices added to groups during DALI commissioning or as part of offline commissioning
(see page 157-158) are also available in the "Single devices" view. This creates the option of
detecting all the programmed single devices centrally in just one commissioning window.
Different columns of the window of the programmed devices show the programmed short
addresses of the devices (1...64), the device names, optionally the DALI device types (if the use
of device types is configured) and the assignment status of found electronic ballasts ("not
assigned", "assigned"). The devices can be assigned individually, either in the programming of
the single devices (under "Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Single devices -> [x]
Electronic ballast" or "Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast") or alternatively,
using the "Rename" button in the control panel of the commissioning dialog (E). This allows
clear labelling of the operating devices (e.g. "Lamp, entrance area" or "Light strip, window,
south").
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A
B
C
D
E
F
Figure 60: Panes of the commissioning environment
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
(F)
Area of the programmed DALI devices (groups and single devices)
Area of the found DALI devices (DALI system)
Checkbox for multiple assignment of electronic ballasts to DALI groups
Checkbox for compatibility mode (see page 152-153)
Control panel for identification of selected devices
Control panel for central switching of all devices and general reset functions
In the pane for the found DALI devices (B), the plug-in shows all the electronic ballasts it could
identify during a search process. All the electronic ballasts displayed in this area physically exist
in the DALI system. As a result, a maximum of 64 operating devices are displayed here.
The window shows in different columns a consecutive number for sorting the contents of the
window, the short addresses of the devices (1...64) and the DALI device types read out of the
devices. The short address can only be displayed when a found device has been assigned to a
programmed device (e.g. a single device or a group). The status of the electronic ballast
assignment is only displayed in the pane of the found DALI devices when the button "Hide
previously selected DALI devices" was deselected in the commissioning dialog of the ETS plugin (C). Otherwise (normal case), previously assigned electronic ballasts are not displayed in the
right-hand pane. "-" is displayed as the short address for all unassigned electronic ballasts.
A name is also displayed in the pane of the found DALI devices. If operating devices have not
yet been assigned to any groups or single devices, the name is set by default to "Electronic
ballast" and cannot be changed. Only when assignment has been made does the window
display the programmed name of the devices, provided that already assigned DALI devices are
not hidden.
Activating the checkbox (D) allows optional activation of the compatibility mode of the DALI
commissioning. This means that the commissioning process becomes distinctly more tolerant
towards specific DALI commissioning parameters, whereby operating devices not fully
compliant with the DALI specification can be commissioned, possibly subject to functional
restrictions (see page 152-153).
Using the buttons in the control panel (E), it is possible to identify devices selected in the panes
(A) and (B) in the DALI system. These operating devices can be made to switch-on, switch-off
and flash (cyclical ON and OFF). It is also possible to rename devices. In addition, a special
identification function is available for emergency lights. Single-battery-operated DALI
emergency lights are not usually designed for simple lighting operation. For this reason, such
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lights to not respond to the commands to switch the lighting on and off, as used by the buttons
"On", "Off" and "Flash device". The commissioning dialog in the control panel (E) has two
additional buttons to allow control of single-battery emergency lights for identification purposes.
Pressing the buttons "Emergency lights on" and "Emergency lights off" causes the Gateway to
transmit special commands to the selected devices, causing the controlled emergency lights to
control their individual identification display. This display is device-dependent and is usually a
status LED or an acoustic signal encoder. The buttons "Emergency lights On" and "Emergency
lights Off" are only available if single-battery-operated emergency lights were selected in the
ETS plug-in. Other DALI lights that are optionally integrated in centrally-supplied emergency
lighting operation can be controlled using the standard identification (switch lighting).
By using buttons in the control panel (F) it is possible to switch all the operating devices in the
DALI system (broadcast) on and off centrally. In addition, it is possible to reset all the devices of
the DALI installation to the delivery states defined by the manufacturers by using the "Reset"
button. In this operation, all the assignments to groups and single devices in the electronic
ballasts are removed. Furthermore, the long and short addresses in the operating devices are
deleted. After the reset command has been executed, the pane of the found devices (B) no
longer displays any electronic ballasts. A new search operation must then be restarted to be
able to perform new DALI commissioning.
A reset should always be carried out with caution and only then when previously commissioned
electronic ballasts are integrated into DALI systems at a later date, or if there are problems in
DALI commissioning due to faulty commissioning steps (e.g. individual parts of the DALI system
switched off, electronic ballasts removed, etc.). The DALI reset creates a clean DALI
environment as the basis for fault-free commissioning.
Press the "Delete assignment" button if only the assignments of found electronic ballasts to the
programmed groups or single devices are to be removed. Here, only the group assignments in
the operating devices and the single device assignments in the configuration of the ETS plug-in
are deleted. Long and short addresses as well as other relevant parameters remain intact in the
electronic ballasts.
i It is not possible to reset individual or specific electronic ballasts.
i After a reset of the DALI system or after deletion of assignments, it is always necessary to
reload the application program into the DALI Gateway after commissioning using the ETS.
Searching for DALI operating devices
During initial commissioning, the connected DALI operating devices must be searched for and
identified. If the DALI Gateway has already been commissioned at least once, then the search
for operating devices is only required if new devices were added to the DALI system or if the
ETS product database was changed and hence the device is completely reconfigured. At the
end of DALI commissioning, the commissioning parameters (identified operating devices with
long and short address, names of the operating devices, group/device assignment and device
type) are written to the ETS database and are thus saved. The saved data is displayed when
the commissioning environment is started.
During initial commissioning, no DALI operating devices are displayed in the right-hand window
area (B) (Figure 60). To continue commissioning, the operating devices connected to the DALI
cable must first be searched for. The DALI system must be fully connected and switched on
without interruptions in order for the DALI Gateway to be able to find and identify all the
connected DALI operating devices during the device search. In addition, the mains voltage
supply of the DALI Gateway must be switched on.
o Click the "Search for devices" button in the commissioning environment.
The DALI Gateway searches for available DALI operating devices. In so doing, the
Gateway scans the DALI cable in stages and identifies the connected devices
successively. Depending on the number of connected electronic ballasts, the search
operation may take some time. During the search operation, the plug-in displays the
progress of the search (Figure 61).
i During the search operation, the Gateway tells the DALI operating devices to create a
random long address internally. This only takes place for devices which were identified as
"newly found" at the beginning of the search operation. In addition, the Gateway already
assigns short addresses in the background during the search process, which are then
adapted using group and device assignments in the course of commissioning and can thus
be overwritten.
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The plug-in uses the long addresses to distinguish between the found operating devices
being detected for the first time and those devices which were previously detected during
commissioning. For this, the plug-in compares the read-in long addresses with the entries
saved in the ETS database. Previously unknown long addresses indicate newly found
devices.
Taking this distinction into account, the plug-in displays the newly found electronic ballasts
in the search progress. In the case of first DALI commissioning, all the found operating
devices are indicated as "newly found". In later commissioning operations, only those
electronic ballasts are indicated as newly found, which were added to the DALI system.
i According to the DALI specification, all the DALI subscribers must save the long address
permanently (e.g. even during mains voltage failures). Not all the DALI devices on the
market support this requirement. If such operating devices are installed, compatibility mode
should be activated (see page 152-153). During a search operation, the Gateway then
identifies solely by means of the DALI short address (1...64) contained in the devices. This
means that electronic ballasts can be commissioned without accessing long addresses.
After completion of the search operation, all the identified operating devices (both old and
new) are listed in the right-hand pane of the commissioning environment (Figure 62).
Figure 61: Example of search progress during a DALI operating device search
Figure 62: Example of a device list after a search operation
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i An error on the DALI cable is not detected by the DALI Gateway during a device search. In
the case of a short-circuit, for example, the Gateway attempts cyclically to set up DALI
communication. As this is not possible, the plug-in remains permanently in the device
search. DALI operating devices are not detected if there is a cable break, for example.
i During the device search, all the connected DALI operating devices switch to minimum
brightness. This makes it possible to determine whether the devices are actually
functioning and react to the device search.
Assigning groups
After all the operating devices connected to the DALI Gateway have been searched for and
identified, the devices can be assigned to the programmed groups or single devices. The
following sections document the individual actions to be taken to create a group assignment in
the DALI commissioning environment.
i The assignment of DALI operating devices to groups is only then possible when the
addressing type allows for group control (see page 38).
Assignment always takes place by moving the devices listed in the right-hand section into the
left-hand section of the selected group. Assignment is carried out by pressing the "<-" button
between the two sections, or alternatively, by "drag and drop" with the mouse. An assignment
can be removed again by selecting an assigned operating device and, using the "->" button or
the mouse, shifting it back to the list box of available DALI devices. It is possible to assign
multiple operating devices simultaneously, or to remove them from an assignment.
Each assigned electronic ballast requires a device in the Gateway programming, so that the
device name, the short address and, optionally, the DALI device type can be configured. As a
result, there is also a programmable single device for each group assignment of an electronic
ballast. There are two options for assigning found electronic ballasts to a group...
1. Group assignment by creating a new single device in the group
Pressing the "<-" button automatically creates a new single device in the group. Here, no
existing, and as yet unassigned single device of the group may be highlighted. Alternatively,
assignment using "Drag and Drop" with the mouse is possible by dragging a found electronic
ballast in the right-hand pane and dropping it into the left window in the area "<Add new
device>" (first list entry). The plug-in automatically assigns the first free short address to the
new device. The device type is set according to the specification of the found electronic ballast.
2. Group assignment to an existing single device from the offline commissioning
In this case, first highlight a single device in the left-hand panel that was created during offline
commissioning and has not yet been assigned (status "Not assigned"). After this, a found
electronic ballast can be assigned to this single device using "<-". Alternatively, assignment with
the "drag and drop" function using the mouse is possible.
Single devices of a group can be deleted using the "Del" key on the PC keyboard and thus
removed from the Gateway programming. The assignments to found electronic ballasts are also
lost as a result. The same applies if a single device is deleted in the configuration independently
of the DALI commissioning dialog. In both cases, the plug-in warns of losing assignments.
i DALI operating devices can either be integrated only in single device addressing, or
alternatively, in group addressing. It is not possible to control an operating device with both
addressing types. Operating devices integrated in group control can no longer be
addressed as a single device. The reverse case applies in the same manner.
For special cases, it is possible to assign operating devices for group control to more than just
one DALI group. In the standard case, assignment of a DALI operating device is only possible in
one device. This makes device assignment clear, and the unique assignment means that there
are no group overlaps and, as a result, no influencing of configuration and feedback values. If
necessary, multiple group assignment can be enabled as an alternative. To do this, the
checkbox "Hide previously assigned DALI devices" (C) must be deselected in the
Commissioning dialog of the plug-in (Figure 60). This means that it is then possible to assign
DALI operating devices to more than just one group during online commissioning.
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i DALI operating devices can always be assigned to any group. However, we do not
recommend assigning the operating devices to multiple groups on the DALI side. It is better
to split the devices up into separate, non-overlapping groups and to create a KNX-side link
using the group addressing in the ETS.
i Multiple assignment of operating devices as part of offline commissioning (creation of new
single devices in the tree structure of a group) is not possible. When editing the short
address in the parameter node of a group-related electronic ballast, no addresses can be
entered that have already been entered for electronic ballasts of other groups.
Procedure for group assignment with set checkbox "Hide previously assigned DALI devices"
(standard case):
o
In the left-hand section of the DALI commissioning environment, select the required group
to which the operating devices are to be added (Figure 63).
Figure 63: Selecting a group
o
If new single devices are to be created (e.g. in empty groups), assign one or more found
DALI operating devices using "<-" or "Drag and Drop" with the mouse. If an assignment is
to take place to available free single devices, first highlight these in the left pane and then
assign them using "<-" or, alternatively, using "Drag and Drop" with the mouse.
In the right-hand section, the assigned operating devices disappear from the list box and
appear in the left-hand section for the selected group (Figure 64). The right-hand pane
contains only the remaining operating devices, which are not yet assigned to a group.
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Figure 64: Operating device assigned to a group
o
o
Once again, assign one or more of the remaining DALI operation devices to a group.
In the right-hand section, the assigned operating devices disappear from the list box and
appear in the left-hand section for the selected group.
Carry out assignments for other groups as described if necessary.
Procedure for group assignment with deactivated checkbox "Hide previously assigned DALI
devices" (special case):
o
o
In the left-hand section of the DALI commissioning environment, select the required group
to which the operating devices are to be added.
Assign one or more available DALI operation devices to the group, as described above.
The assigned operating devices remain visible in the right-hand section and also appear in
the left-hand section for the selected group (Figure 65). In the right-hand area, these
electronic ballasts receive the short address of the assignment.
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Figure 65: Operating device assigned to a group
Here: Electronic ballast with the address 3 is assigned to multiple groups.
o
o
If necessary, select a further group in the left-hand section.
Once again, assign one or more available DALI operation devices to a group.
If a previously-assigned operation device is to be assigned to an additional group, the plugin signals that the device has already been assigned to a different group and that feedback
of switching states and brightness values may no longer be clear. After confirmation of the
message, the plug-in sets up the multi-group assignment. Operating devices assigned to
multiple groups are indicated by "*".
Multiple assignment of an electronic ballast to different groups can only occur if a new
device is created by the assignment. No new multiple assignment can be set up through
the assignment to an existing device.
i It is possible to remove the connection of an electronic device, which is assigned multiple
times, in a group. In doing so, the assignments to all the groups of the multiple assignment
are lost! However, the single devices remain in the appropriate groups of the programming
(indicated by "*"). Only the assignment to the found electronic ballasts of the DALI system
is removed. Such single devices in the programming can then be linked again to another
electronic ballast. This electronic ballast then receives the multiple assignment again.
i Even devices that have the indication for a multiple assignment can be deleted from the
left-hand section of the commissioning window using "Delete" on the keyboard. In doing so,
only the single device is lost in the programming of the appropriate group, but not the other
assignments in other groups, however. This means that it is easy to correct a multiple
assignment, if this was created by mistake, for example.
o Carry out assignments for other groups as described if necessary.
i Multiple operating devices can be assigned to Groups 1...16. Only up to two DALI
operating devices can be assigned to Groups 17...32.
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i DALI operating devices assigned to multiple groups always set themselves to the most
recent status set using one of the assigned groups. In this case, feedback of the switching
status or the brightness value of a group may not always be clear.
Example 1: Group 2 is set to 10 % brightness. After this, Group 3 is dimmed to 20 %
brightness. The lights of Group 3 assume the most recently recalled brightness value:
20 %. The feedback of Group 2 remains at 10 % even though some of the operating
devices belonging to the group were set to 20 % brightness.
Example 2: Group 2 is switched on and sets itself to the brightness value 100 %. The
status of Group 3 internally in the DALI Gateway remains at 0 % brightness (OFF). Now
Group 3 is made brighter. The lights of Group 3 adopt the dimming behaviour (becoming
brighter from minimum brightness) even though these lights have already been switched on
by Group 2.
i Each group can be configured independently in the plug-in. During an ETS programming
operation, the individual DALI operating devices are programmed with the configuration
data of the assigned groups. In so doing, all the operating devices assigned to a DALI
group are commissioned identically.
If, however, DALI operating devices are assigned to multiple groups, these devices will
then receive the planning of the group with the highest group number.
i Pressing the "Delete assignment" button at the bottom edge of the commissioning
environment allows deletion of all the assignments between the DALI operating devices
and the various groups. Not only are the assignments reset in the plug-in, but there is also
an adjustment of the commissioning parameters of the DALI Gateway. For this purpose,
the plug-in sets up communication to the DALI Gateway via the bus connection of the ETS
and deletes all the assignments in the device memory there. The operation may take some
time. The progress is displayed during the Delete operation. If the bus communication is
faulty, the plug-in terminates the operation without deleting the assignments in the
programming or in the device. Previously identified DALI operating devices remain intact,
but without group assignments.
i Pressing the "Standard" button resets all the commissioning parameters. Assignments of
DALI operating devices to groups are lost in the programming and in the DALI Gateway
when the "Standard" button is pressed in the commissioning environment.
Optionally, the assignment of DALI operating devices to programmed devices can be
supplemented by testing the DALI device types. If testing is enabled, the plug-in within the
course of an assignment during online commissioning compares the device types determined
by the operating devices with the specifications by the device type parameters of the offline
configuration. Assignment can only take place if there is agreement. This will prevent functional
incompatibilities after commissioning. The testing of the device types is influenced by the "Use
'DALI device type' setting ?" parameter in the parameter node "General".
Assigning single devices
As an alternative to the assignment of electronic ballasts to groups, it is possible to assign them
to the devices of single addressing. The following sections document the individual actions to be
taken to create a single device assignment in the DALI commissioning environment.
i The assignment of DALI operating devices to single devices is only then possible when the
addressing type allows for device control (see page 38).
Assignment also takes place for single-addressed devices by moving the devices listed in the
right-hand section into the left-hand section (view of all single devices). Assignment is carried
out by pressing the "<-" button between the two sections, or alternatively, by "drag and drop"
with the mouse. An assignment can be removed again by selecting an assigned operating
device and, using the "->" button or the mouse, shifting it back to the list box of available DALI
devices.
In contrast to the assignment of electronic ballasts to groups, it is not possible to assign multiple
operating devices simultaneously or to remove them from an assignment. Each electronic
ballast to be assigned requires a created single device in the Gateway programming so that the
device name, the short address and, optionally, the DALI device type can be configured. In
order to create an assignment, a created single device not previously assigned (status "Not
assigned") must first be highlighted. After this, a found electronic ballast can be assigned to this
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single device using "<-". Alternatively, assignment with the "drag and drop" function using the
mouse is possible.
Single devices can be deleted using the "Del" key on the PC keyboard and are thus removed
from the Gateway programming. The assignments to found electronic ballasts are also lost as a
result. The same applies if a single device is deleted in the configuration independently of the
DALI commissioning dialog. In both cases, the plug-in warns of losing assignments.
i DALI operating devices can either be integrated only in single device addressing, or
alternatively, in group addressing. It is not possible to control an operating device with both
addressing types. Operating devices integrated in group control can no longer be
addressed as a single device. The reverse case applies in the same manner.
o
In the left-hand section of the DALI commissioning environment, open the single device
view and highlight the single device to be added to a found operating device.
o Then assign a found electronic ballast using "<-" or, alternatively, by "drag and drop"
function using the mouse.
In the right-hand section, the assigned operating devices disappear from the list box. The
status of the selected single device in the left-hand subarea switches to "Assigned"
(Figure 66). The right-hand pane contains only the remaining, not yet assigned operating
devices.
i If the checkbox "Hide previously assigned DALI devices" has been deselected in the
Commissioning dialog of the plug-in, assigned electronic ballasts remain visible in the righthand pane. Electronic ballasts assigned to programmed devices of the single addressing,
cannot, however, be assigned to any other single devices (of the single or group
addressing).
Figure 66: Operating device assigned to a programmed single device
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o
o
Reassign one of the remaining DALI operating devices to another programmed single
device.
In the right-hand section, the assigned operating device disappears from the list box. The
status of the selected single device in the left-hand subarea switches to "Assigned".
Carry out assignments for other single devices as described if necessary.
i Pressing the "Delete assignment" button at the bottom edge of the commissioning
environment allows deletion of all the assignments between the DALI operating devices
and the various programmed single devices. The operation may take some time. The
progress is displayed during the Delete operation.
i Pressing the "Standard" button resets all the commissioning parameters. Assignments of
DALI operating devices are lost in the programming and in the DALI Gateway when the
"Standard" button is pressed in the commissioning environment.
Optionally, the assignment of DALI operating devices to programmed single devices can be
supplemented by testing of the DALI device types. If testing is enabled, the plug-in within the
course of an assignment during online commissioning compares the device types determined
by the operating devices with the specifications by the device type parameters of the offline
configuration. Assignment can only take place if there is agreement. This will prevent functional
incompatibilities after commissioning. The testing of the device types is influenced by the "Use
'DALI device type' setting ?" parameter in the parameter node "General".
Compatibility mode
The DALI Gateway has a compatibility mode for supporting non-DALI-conformant operating
devices. This means that the commissioning process becomes distinctly more tolerant towards
specific DALI commissioning parameters, which means that operating devices not fully
compliant with the DALI specification can be commissioned, possibly subject to functional
restrictions. Compatibility mode relates solely to DALI commissioning and explicitly to the
operation to search for devices. Compatibility mode is activated when the checkbox
"Compatibility mode for DALI commissioning" (D) is selected in the DALI commissioning window
of the ETS plug-in (Figure 60).
When compatibility mode is active, DALI operating devices in the system are no longer
identified using their previously programmed long address. Normally (when compatibility mode
is deactivated), the Gateway uses the DALI long address to check if found operating devices
were previously commissioned in a search operation (known device), or whether this is a newlyfound electronic ballast. When the Gateway carries out a search operation for DALI operating
devices, the long address is automatically assigned randomly and is programmed into the
electronic ballast. The long address is unique, thus allowing individual identification of operating
devices.
According to the DALI specification, all the DALI subscribers must save the long address
permanently (e.g. even during mains voltage failures). Not all the DALI devices on the market
support this requirement, which is why difficulties may occur during the commissioning process.
If long addresses are lost, the Gateway will no longer be able to identify clearly whether found
electronic ballasts are known, i.e. already commissioned in previous commissioning operations,
or whether they are newly-installed and are thus newly-found electronic ballasts. In these cases,
operating devices are simply identified as "newly-found". As a result, during the remainder of
the commissioning process, the affected electronic ballasts are treated like unprogrammed
devices. Amongst other things, all the assignments to groups or single devices are removed.
If operating devices are installed in the DALI system, which do not comply with the DALI
specification - as described - and do not save the long address correctly, compatibility mode
should be activated. During a search operation, the Gateway then identifies solely by means of
the DALI short address (1...64) contained in the devices. This address was either programmed
during a previous commissioning operation by the Gateway, in accordance with programming,
or was assigned automatically during a search operation (new electronic ballast). This means
that electronic ballasts can be commissioned without accessing long addresses.
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i The identification of operating devices becomes problematic if devices are added to the
DALI installation at a later time, which were commissioned previously (e.g. in other
systems) and thus have already been assigned with valid short addresses. Here, it may
occur that different electronic ballasts have the same short address. This state must be
avoided when using compatibility mode, since short addresses may only occur once in a
DALI installation. Otherwise, communication errors can be expected.
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4.2.4.7.3 Exiting DALI commissioning
Commissioning can be completed when the necessary DALI operating devices have been
assigned to the groups or single devices in the plug-in. The commissioning parameters are
transferred to the DALI Gateway automatically on leaving commissioning. In so doing, the plugin communicates with the DALI Gateway via the ETS bus connection. The DALI Gateway must
be connected to the KNX bus cable and the bus and mains voltage supply must be switched on.
The ETS must have a functioning communications interface to the bus (e.g. USB or KNXnet/IP).
Exiting DALI commissioning
o The commissioning environment of the plug-in must be exited in order to transfer the
commissioning parameters to the DALI Gateway and the operating devices. To do this,
select a different parameter page in the tree node view of the plug-in and exit the plug-in by
pressing the button "OK".
The commissioning adjustment is executed. The adjustment operation can take some time
and is dependent on the number of groups and single devices created and the DALI
operating devices connected. Firstly, the plug-in programs the Gateway with the
programmed short addresses. The plug-in displays the progress of this adaptation
(Figure 67). After the short addresses have been updated in the DALI Gateway, the
connected DALI operating devices are also updated in this regard. To do this, the Gateway
communications with the connected operating devices via the DALI cable and programs
them fully automatically (Figure 68).
After the short addresses have been programmed, the group assignments are updated.
This takes place in two steps. Firstly, the group assignments are programmed into the DALI
Gateway. Then they are programmed into the electronic ballasts via the DALI cable.
i The ETS plug-in always performs DALI commissioning in a time-optimised manner and
only programs the necessary changes into the Gateway and the DALI operating devices.
For this reason, some or all of the individual commissioning steps (programming of group
assignments or short addresses) may not be necessary.
Should commissioning be terminated in an incomplete state due to communication or
device errors, the ETS plug-in will perform a complete programming operation during a
subsequent commissioning adjustment. Here too, the adjustment of DALI commissioning
must be initiated manually in the ETS plug-in, as described.
Figure 67: Adjustment of the commissioning parameters between the plug-in and the DALI
Gateway.
Here: Programming the short addresses
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Figure 68: Adjustment of the commissioning parameters between the Gateway and the DALI
operating devices.
Here: Programming the short addresses
o
i
i
i
i
For the full completion of commissioning and to apply all the necessary parameter settings,
close the plug-in and then program the application of the DALI Gateway using the ETS
(see page 12).
The Gateway checks the function of the DALI cable during the programming of the
commissioning parameters into the DALI operating devices. Should no communication be
possible, the plug-in will terminate the incomplete operation with an error message. In this
case, the error on the DALI cable (e.g. electronic ballast disconnected, mains voltage
switched off, cable break) must be eliminated and the commissioning environment of the
plug-in opened and exited again in order for a new commissioning adjustment to take
place.
During the programming of the commissioning parameters into the Gateway, fault-free
communication between the ETS plug-in and the Gateway must be ensured via the KNX. If
the plug-in cannot reach the device, the incomplete commissioning operation is then
terminated. In this case too, the error must be eliminated and the commissioning
environment of the plug-in opened and exited again in order for a new commissioning
adjustment to take place.
All the commissioning parameters transferred from the Gateway are required for correct,
fault-free operation of the DALI system and must correspond to the DALI specification.
During online commissioning, it may occur that all or some electronic ballasts do not apply
the commissioning parameters transferred from the Gateway. In order to detect this, the
Gateway checks each programmed change by reading it out and compares the return
value of the operating devices with the specifications in the programming. If differences are
detected here, the Gateway logs the error internally and then continues the commissioning
operation with the next electronic ballast and also completes this one. At the end of the
online commissioning adjustment, the plug-in displays a message listing all the electronic
ballasts to which all or individual parameters could not be programmed during
commissioning. After commissioning is complete, the listed DALI operating devices can
work according to their function, but possibly do not comply or only partially comply with
DALI. Please contact the manufacturer of the electronic ballasts concerned to clarify any
functional incompatibilities.
When the commissioning environment is exited, the commissioning parameters (identified
operating devices with long and short address, names of the operating devices, group/
device assignment and device type) are written to the ETS database and are thus saved.
The saved data is displayed the next time the commissioning environment is started.
If just assignments of programmed devices of the single addressing (i.e. no group
assignments) are removed and no short addresses are changed during a commissioning
session, then no adjustment will be performed between the ETS plug-in, the Gateway and
the operating devices when the commissioning environment is exited. This means that the
most-recently programmed short addresses are retained in the electronic ballast (unused
short addresses). In the case of a new commissioning operation, however, the affected
electronic ballasts can again be assigned and commissioned normally.
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i Pressing the "Delete assignment" button at the bottom edge of the commissioning
environment allows deletion of all the assignments between the DALI operating devices
and the various groups and single devices. Not only are the assignments reset in the plugin, but there is also an adjustment of the commissioning parameters of the DALI Gateway.
For this purpose, the plug-in sets up communication to the DALI Gateway via the bus
connection of the ETS and deletes all the assignments in the device memory there. The
operation may take some time. The progress is displayed during the Delete operation. If
the bus communication is faulty, the plug-in terminates the operation without deleting the
assignments in the programming or in the device. Previously identified DALI operating
devices remain intact, but without group/device assignments.
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4.2.4.7.4 Offline commissioning
The identification, addressing and assignment of DALI operating devices takes place in the
DALI commissioning environment of the ETS plug-in. Commissioning can be prepared offline in
the parameter configuration if necessary. Offline commissioning is ideal as the preparation for
later complete commissioning, if there is no programming connection to the DALI Gateway or
the DALI operating devices, but group assignment is still to take place. This is normally the case
when the building planning and thus also the Gateway configuration take place earlier than the
commissioning of the DALI Gateway and the DALI system.
The offline assignment of an electronic ballast to a group takes place in the plug-in in the tree
node "Addressing -> Groups... -> Group -> Single devices" by clicking the right mouse-button
and executing the "New" command (Figure 69). This creates a new electronic ballast in the
selected tree node. This electronic ballast is then assigned to the group addressing of the
selected group. Additional parameters can be configured for each operating device created and
assigned in this way (name, short address and, optionally, the device type).
Single devices assigned to a group do not have their own communication objects. On the KNX
side, these devices are only controlled by the objects of the group. Only single devices assigned
during programming of the single addressing (device control) can be controlled autonomously
using separate objects.
i The assignment of DALI operating devices to groups is only then possible when the
addressing type allows for group control.
Figure 69: Assigning an electronic ballast to a group - offline commissioning
i DALI operating devices can either be integrated just in single addressing, or alternatively,
in group addressing. It is not possible to control an operating device with both addressing
types.
i Optionally, the assignment of DALI operating devices to programmed groups or single
devices can be supplemented by testing of the DALI device types. If testing is enabled, the
plug-in within the course of an assignment during online commissioning compares the
device types determined by the operating devices with the specifications by the device type
parameters of the offline configuration. Assignment can only take place if there is
agreement. This will prevent functional incompatibilities after commissioning.
i Multiple assignment of operating devices as part of offline commissioning (creation of new
single devices in the tree structure of a group) is not possible. When editing the short
address in the parameter node of a group-related electronic ballast, no addresses can be
entered that have already been entered for electronic ballasts of other groups.
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i As part of device assignment during DALI commissioning (online), single-battery-operated
DALI emergency lights must always be assigned to planned single devices (single
addressing) provided that these operating devices are to execute an emergency light
function. Assignment to group-related single devices (group addressing) of offline
commissioning is possible, however, only with the limitation that these operating devices
can only be used for standard lighting control (if supported by the operating device) and not
for emergency lighting applications.
i The DALI short addresses are always assigned in the parameter configuration of the single
devices and can thus be influenced. With the addition of group and device names, unique
naming of DALI operating devices is possible in this way. Through the transmission of the
unique names to the KNX building visualisation (e.g. control panels), the user is able particularly during error diagnosis - to identify the lighting components easily.
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4.2.4.8 DALI test
Starting DALI test
The plug-in of the DALI Gateway offers various options for carrying out a comprehensive test of
the DALI installation. This means that after DALI commissioning, it is possible to control
individual operating devices in a device-orientated test, to switch them, and to read out or
specify brightness values. The individual device status can also be displayed. In the grouporientated test, it is possible to switch all the created DALI groups (1...32) separately or change
them in the brightness value (absolute brightness value specification or relative dimming). In
addition, it is possible to check the function of the groups integrated into the configured scenes
(1...16).
The DALI test can only be performed if the device, group, effect and scene configuration in the
DALI Gateway remains current after DALI commissioning or parameters are changed. For this
reason, it is necessary to program the DALI Gateway with the ETS before a DALI test if
changes were previously made to the device configuration (see page 12).
If the necessary requirements have been fulfilled, the "DALI test" can be executed on the
parameter page of the same name in the plug-in. After selecting the test page and successful
communication with the DALI Gateway, the commissioning environment becomes visible in the
right-hand pane of the plug-in.
i In the course of a DALI test, only broadcast commands (switch all devices) can be issued,
provided that addressing allows for central control (see page 38).
Figure 70: DALI test environment in the ETS3 plug-in
When the test environment is recalled, the plug-in first tries to communicate with the ETS via
the bus connection, and checks whether a DALI test is possible. For this reason, the DALI
Gateway must be connected to the KNX bus cable and the bus and mains voltage supply must
be switched on when the DALI test is recalled. In addition, the ETS must have a functioning
communications interface to the bus (e.g. USB or KNXnet/IP).
If it is not possible to set up a connection to the DALI Gateway in this situation, the plug-in then
terminates the test and does not display the test environment. The following section lists the
causes for a faulty connection and the appropriate remedies...
Cause: No functioning ETS communication interface to the KNX.
Remedy: Check, and if necessary set up the connection in the ETS3 under "Tools Options - Communication".
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-
Cause: Physical address and application program not previously programmed by the ETS.
Remedy: Close the plug-in and first program the physical address and application program.
Cause: KNX bus voltage on the DALI Gateway or the local data interface not connected or
switched on.
Remedy: Connect and switch on the bus voltage.
Cause: Mains voltage supply on the DALI Gateway not switched on.
Remedy: Switch on the mains supply on the Gateway.
Device-orientated DALI test
As soon as DALI commissioning has taken place, and operating devices have thus also be
identified and assigned, the correct function of these devices can be tested in the deviceorientated DALI test. The device-orientated test environment is used for this (Figure 71).
Figure 71: Device-orientated DALI test environment
The operating device to be tested must first be selected in the "Device" selection box. This
contains all the identified and assigned DALI operating devices - indicated by the individual
short address in square brackets and the device name. Only one device can be tested at a time.
The selected operating device can then be switched on or off independently. In addition, it is
possible to specify an absolute brightness value. Pressing the "Set value" button transmits the
brightness value selected in the selection box to the appropriate operating device, which should
then set itself immediately to this brightness value. The settable brightness value is independent
of a group configuration for minimum or maximum brightness. The whole brightness range can
thus be set in the device-orientated DALI test.
Similarly, the currently set brightness value of the DALI operating device can be polled by
pressing the "Read out value" button. The value read out is displayed in the selection box
above.
By pressing the button "Read out device status", it is possible to display the internal device
states. In this way, the general device status (operating device error, e.g. internal electronic
ballast error), lamp state (e.g. defective lamp, cable break to lamp holder), current switching
state, reset status and status of the mains voltage supply of the operating device can be read
out and displayed.
i The status information of a reset or mains voltage failure is dependent on the DALI
operating device used. Not all devices track these states.
i An error on the DALI cable (e.g. short-circuit or interrupted cable) is only recognised by the
Gateway during the device-orientated DALI test when information is to be read out of the
operating devices (read out value or device status). The plug-in then signals an error.
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i During the device-orientated DALI test, the commands are transmitted to the operating
devices directly via the DALI cable. No group assignments or assignments to singleaddressed devices are taken into account, which means that group/device objects cannot
be tracked during the test and thus differences may occur between the objects and the
actual states of the operating devices.
Multi-device DALI test (broadcast)
As soon as DALI commissioning has taken place, and operating devices have thus also be
identified and assigned, the correct function of these devices can be tested in the multi-device
DALI test. For this purpose, the devices can jointly be switched on or off using a broadcast
switching command (Figure 72).
Figure 72: Multi-device DALI test environment
i An error on the DALI cable (e.g. short-circuit or interrupted cable) is not recognised during
the multi-device DALI test.
i During the multi-device DALI test, the commands are forwarded to the operating devices
directly using the DALI cable. No group assignments or assignments to single-addressed
devices are taken into account, which means that group/device objects cannot be tracked
during the test and thus differences may occur between the objects and the actual states of
the operating devices.
Testing groups
The group-orientated DALI test can be carried out as soon as groups have been created and
configured in the device configuration and DALI commissioning has been carried out with the
group assignment of the operating devices. To do this, press the button "Test DALI groups" in
the DALI test environment. The group-orientated test environment then opens (Figure 73).
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Figure 73: Group-orientated DALI test environment (as an example with three created groups)
For reasons of clarity, the possible groups (1...32) are spread over two pages, which can be
shown separately. Pressing the buttons "Groups 1-16" and "Groups 17-32" at the top edge of
the window changes between the page views. Only those group which have been created in the
device configuration can be edited and thus tested. Any non-created groups are greyed out.
In the group-orientated DALI test, each group can independently be switched on or off, or
dimmed absolutely or relatively. Pressing the buttons "On" or "Off" causes immediate switching
of the operating devices assigned to the appropriate group.
Alternatively, an absolute brightness value can be given, which can be transmitted to the
operating devices of the group by pressing the button "Set". The settable brightness value is
dependent on the group configuration for minimum or maximum brightness. Thus, it may occur
that only a limited brightness range can be set in the group-orientated DALI test.
Similarly, the currently set brightness value of the group can be polled by pressing the "Read"
button. The read-out value is displayed in the selection box alongside. Due to rounding, the
displayed value may deviate slightly from that most recently specified.
In addition, the operating devices of the group can be dimmed relatively. Pressing the "Start"
button initiates a relative dimming operation of the group. The dimming operation takes place
within the brightness range specified for the group using the configured dimming speed, starting
with the currently set brightness value. A relative dimming operation can be stopped by pressing
the "Stop" button. Reactivation of a dimming operation using the "Start" button causes dimming
to take place in the reverse direction. Relative dimming to 0 % brightness (OFF) is not possible.
i An error on the DALI cable (e.g. short-circuit or interrupted cable) is not recognised during
the group-orientated DALI test.
i In the group-orientated DALI test, all the actions are implemented internally using the
appropriate KNX objects of the groups and individual devices. Thus, the internal object
values can be read out, for example, when the brightness values are read out and the
switching object described internally when a group is switched on. Here, feedback is also
generated and the appropriate DALI group parameters included. If no operating device was
assigned to the groups during DALI commissioning, there will be no visible reaction in the
DALI system.
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i DALI operating devices assigned to multiple groups always set themselves to the most
recent status set using one of the assigned groups. In this case, feedback of the switching
status or the brightness value of a group may not always be clear.
Example 1: Group 2 is set to 10 % brightness. After this, Group 3 is dimmed to 20 %
brightness. The lights of Group 3 assume the most recently recalled brightness value:
20 %. The feedback of Group 2 remains at 10 % even though some of the operating
devices belonging to the group were set to 20 % brightness.
Example 2: Group 2 is switched on and sets itself to the brightness value 100 %. The
status of Group 3 internally in the DALI Gateway remains at 0 % brightness (OFF). Now
Group 3 is made brighter. The lights of Group 3 adopt the dimming behaviour (becoming
brighter from minimum brightness) even though these lights have already been switched on
by Group 2.
Testing scenes
The scene-orientated DALI test can be carried out once scenes have been created and
configured in the device configuration and DALI commissioning has been carried out with the
group/device assignment of the operating devices. To do this, press the button "Test DALI
scenes" in the DALI test environment. The scene-orientated test environment then opens
(Figure 74). Not only the groups and single devices integrated into the scenes can be tested in
the scene test. Of more importance is the fact that a scene definition is also possible through
reading out and saving scene values.
Figure 74: Scene-orientated DALI test environment (as an example with Scene 1 with three
created groups)
The scene to be tested must first be selected. To do this, select one of the scenes created in
the device configuration in the "Scene" selection box. After selecting the scene, the assigned
groups and single devices can be edited. For reasons of clarity, the possible groups (1...32) and
single devices (1...64) are spread over multiple pages, which can be shown separately.
Pressing the buttons "Groups..." or "Single devices..." at the top edge of the window changes
between the page views. Only the groups and single devices can be edited (and thus tested),
which are assigned to the scene. Any non-assigned groups or single devices are greyed out.
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When starting the scene-orientated DALI test, the brightness values predefined in the scene
configuration (parameter page "Scenes") are visible in the appropriate selection boxes.
Pressing the button "Recall" scene causes a scene recall with the brightness values predefined
in the scene configuration. The set brightness values in the group/device selection boxes of the
test environment are not important.
The brightness values specified in the test environment are only applied and saved to the scene
configuration of the plug-in and the DALI Gateway when the button "Save scene" is pressed.
The original brightness values predefined in the scene configuration are overwritten.
Before new brightness values are saved for a scene, it is possible to read out the values
currently set in the groups and single devices. The read-out brightness values are displayed in
the selection boxes and can be edited and finally saved in the scene.
i An error on the DALI cable (e.g. short-circuit or interrupted cable) is not recognised during
the scene-orientated DALI test.
i In the scene-orientated DALI test, all the actions are implemented internally using the
appropriate KNX objects of the groups and individual devices. Thus, the internal object
values can be read out when the brightness values are read out, for example. On scene
recall, feedback to the KNX is also transmitted. If no operating device was assigned to the
programmed groups and single devices during DALI commissioning, then there will be no
visible reaction in the DALI system.
i If a DALI operating device is assigned to multiple groups and these groups were assigned
to a scene, then the brightness values of the group with the highest group number are
recalled or saved for the multiple-assigned devices. In this case, feedback of the switching
status or the brightness value of a group may not always be clear.
Testing effects
The DALI test for effects can be carried out as soon as effects have been created and
configured in the device configuration and DALI commissioning has been carried out with the
group/device assignment of the operating devices. To do this, press the button "Test DALI
effects" in the DALI test environment. The effect test environment then opens (Figure 75).
Figure 75: DALI test environment for effects
Even when testing effects, the effect to be tested must first be chosen. To do this, select one of
the effects created in the device configuration in the "Effect" selection box. After effect selection,
the selected effect can be started or stopped by pressing the appropriate buttons in the test
dialog. An effect started using the test dialog runs according to its configuration. The steps are
recalled in sequence starting with step 1. The number of effect run-throughs, the dimming
behaviour when an effect step is recalled and the delay until the next step are all maintained.
The stop step is recalled when an effect is stopped using the DALI test.
The "Single step" button can be pressed to test individual effect steps. Here, the Gateway
switches exactly one step forward from the current stop of an effect. We recommend only using
the single step function for stopped effects. This allows free switching of entire effect runthroughs.
When the single step function is used, a stopped effect starts with the first step of the effect.
The subsequent effect steps are then recalled continuously according to their number. The stop
step (last step of an effect) can also be recalled using the single step function.
The test dialog provides status information on the current step and the current run-through of an
effect. In addition, the total number of all steps and run-throughs is displayed. In the display box
"Step (current/total)", the left-hand number signals the number of the effect step currently set.
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Functional description
The right-hand number provides information on the maximum number of steps available in the
effect (including the stop step). When an effect step is recalled using the single step function,
"..." is displayed behind the right-hand number. The display goes out if the controller has set all
the required brightness values of the manually recalled effect on the DALI operating devices.
The delay until the next effect step specified in the configuration is irrelevant.
In the display box "Run-through (current/total)", the left-hand number shows the number of the
current effect run-through. The right-hand number signals the maximum number of all effect
run-throughs according to the configuration (the number "0" means that the run-through is set
as infinite).
i It should be noted that the status information in the display boxes during automatic control
are only updated cyclically approx. every 3 seconds. With rapid effect run-throughs, it may
occur that individual steps or even entire run-throughs are skipped in the display.
The run-through of a running effect can optionally be accelerated in the DALI test. An
"Accelerate run-through" button and an input box whose setting specifies the acceleration factor
(1x to 10x) are provided for this purpose. With this function it is also possible to test slow effect
run-throughs without having to wait for the real-time effect step transitions.
When the button "Accelerate run-through" is pressed, the run-through is accelerated by the
specified factor, i.e. the "Delay until next step" programmed into the Gateway for each step. The
specification applies to the whole effect, i.e. for all the set delay times of all the effect steps.
i It should be noted that the acceleration factor only influences the configured delay times
which are executed after successfully addressing all the groups, single devices or scenes
integrated into the effect step. The time needed by the individual effect controller to execute
the addressing operation itself is not influenced by the acceleration. The more single
devices that are integrated into an effect step, the longer the addressing operation and the
time not influenced by the acceleration will be.
i Only small acceleration factors should be used for short delay times up to the next effect
steps (< 10 s) or longer dimming times, if at all. Otherwise, the effect run-through will be
greatly distorted.
i An error on the DALI cable (e.g. short-circuit or interrupted cable) is not recognised during
the effect test.
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4.2.4.9 Delivery state
In the Delivery state of the DALI Gateway, the device is passive, i.e. no telegrams are
transmitted to the bus. Joint operation of the connected DALI operating devices by broadcast
manual operation on the device, if the mains voltage is on. In the manual control mode, no
feedback telegrams are sent to the bus. Other functions of the Gateway are deactivated.
The device can be programmed and put into operation via the ETS (if the bus and mains
voltage supply are connected and switched on). The physical address is preset to 15.15.255
Furthermore, the device has been configured at the factory with the following characteristics...
Manual operation: broadcast
Dimming speed, manual operation (0 %...100 %): 3.5 seconds
Minimum brightness: 0.1 %
Maximum brightness: 100 %
Response to bus voltage failure: No reaction.
Response to bus voltage return: No reaction.
Response after return of the mains voltage supply on the DALI Gateway: No reaction from
the DALI Gateway. (On the return of mains voltage, the DALI operating devices usually
initialise themselves to the most recently programmed "Power-On Level".)
i The delivery state (broadcast manual operation) can be restored at any time by unloading
the application program using the ETS.
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4.2.5 Parameters
4.2.5.1 General parameters
Description
Values
Comment
Enable DALI device
replacement through
manual operation ?
no
After starting the automatic device
replacement, the DALI Gateway is able
to check the completeness of the DALI
operating devices integrated into the
system through a manual operation on
the device. The DALI Gateway detects
individual replaced electronic ballasts
and can program these devices with the
appropriate programming data. Only if
this parameter is set to "yes" is it
possible to initiate automatic device
replacement through a manual operation
locally on the device (press the buttons
c and ALL OFF simultaneously for at
least 10 seconds). If set to "no", a
manual operation for device
replacement will produce no reaction.
Blinking rate
1 sec
2 sec
5 sec
10 sec
h General
yes
Groups or single devices can also be
configured as "flashing" at the beginning
or at the end of a disabling function, if
used. In this case, the appropriate
operating devices change their switching
state cyclically. The parameter "Flashing
rate" generally defines the switch-on
time and switch-off time of a flashing
message for all groups and devices.
Example:
Flashing rate = 1 s
1 sec. on -> 1 sec. off -> 1 sec. on -> 1
sec off ...
Central function ?
no
yes
Central object polarity
0 = deactivated /
1 = activated
1 = deactivated /
0 = activated
Use setting "DALI
device type" ?
no
yes
The "yes" setting enables the central
function and thus the "Central function"
object. An assignment of DALI groups or
single devices to the central function is
only possible if the function is enabled.
This parameter defines the polarity of
the central object. This parameter is
visible only if the central function is
enabled.
Optionally, the assignment of DALI
operating devices to programmed
groups or single devices can be
supplemented by testing of the DALI
device types. If testing is enabled, the
plug-in compares, during assignment as
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part of commissioning, the device types
determined by the operating devices
with the specifications by the device
type parameters. Assignment can only
take place if there is agreement. This
will prevent functional incompatibilities
after commissioning.
The function for testing the DALI device
types is enabled by this parameter when
it is set to "yes".
Integrate emergency
lights ?
no
yes
Use setting "DALI
device type" for singlebattery emergency
lights ?
yes
The DALI Gateway can be integrated
into DALI emergency lighting systems. It
allows interference-free operation of
operating devices, general lighting
systems and emergency lighting
operating devices of the same DALI
system. The "Emergency lighting"
function is enabled if this parameter is
set to "yes". In this case, the parameter
node "Emergency lights", which contains
all the relevant parameters for
configuring the emergency lighting
function, becomes visible.
If emergency lights operated with single
batteries is used, the ETS plug-in of the
Gateway checks the DALI device type
indicated by the installed operating
device (electronic ballast found) as part
of the device assignment during DALI
commissioning. Only operating devices
of the type "Single-battery operated
emergency light" can be integrated into
the emergency lighting function for
single-battery emergency lights. Testing
of the DALI device type is essential and
can, in consequence, not be switched
off in a single-battery-operated
emergency lighting system in the ETS
plug-in. For this reason, this parameter
cannot be edited.
The parameter is only then visible if
integration of emergency lights and the
parameter "Use 'DALI device type'
setting ?" is configured to "no".
h General -> DALI communication
Activate DALI telegram
rate
limit ?
no
yes
The DALI telegram rate limit can
optionally be activated ("yes" setting).
Firstly, it is then possible to extend the
period of time between DALI telegrams.
Secondly, the initialisation behaviour of
the Gateway can be influenced. By
using the DALI telegram rate limit, it is
possible to adapt the communication
behaviour of the Gateway to problematic
or non-DALI-conformant operating
devices to a great extent.
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Minimum time delay
between two DALI
telegrams
(1...5 x 9.15 ms)
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
In accordance with the valid DALI
standard, pauses of at least 9.15 ms
must be maintained between the
transmissions of individual DALI
telegrams to the operating devices.
Optionally, to reduce the telegram load
for the DALI operating devices, and thus
reduce the likelihood of errors on the
part of some electronic ballasts, it is
possible to increase the pause time
between telegrams of the DALI Gateway
to the operation device by a multiple of
the minimum pause time. This produces
a telegram rate limit, which can adjusted
individually using this parameter in the
range 1...5 in steps of 0.5.
Extending the pause time between the
telegrams gives the operating devices
more time to react to the commands of
the DALI Gateway. However, this also
delays the reaction time of the overall
DALI system when controlled by KNX
telegrams and also during DALI
commissioning or a DALI test. As a
result, large time factors should be
avoided in the delay time parameter,
unless explicitly required.
This parameter is only visible if the DALI
telegram rate limit is enabled.
Delay time after mains
voltage
return to DALI
(0...30 s)
00...10...30 [ss]
After the mains voltage supply is
switched on, depending on the their
type, DALI operating devices usually
require different lengths of time to
initialise themselves and thus to react to
commands of the DALI Gateway. To
ensure that, after mains voltage return,
no commands of the Gateway to the
operating devices are lost, because they
are still initialising, it is possible to
activate a delay as an option here.
The delay time after mains voltage
return delays the start of the application
of the DALI Gateway after the mains
voltage supply is switched on, but also
after an ETS programming operation,
and thus the execution of the configured
behaviour after bus voltage return. No
DALI telegrams are transmitted by the
Gateway in this state. "- -" is displayed
on the 7-segment display on the front
panel of the device, in order to signal
that the device is not yet ready for
operation. KNX communication is also
possible during the delay time. This
allows control of groups and single
devices as well as of scenes and effects
and the specification of commands.
However, these are only executed once
the delay time on the DALI page has
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elapsed. Only the last command relative
to a group, a single device, a scene or
an effect is ever executed!
This parameter is only visible if the DALI
telegram rate limit is enabled.
h General -> DALI error messages
Feedback "Error status
in DALI system" ?
no
yes
Type of feedback
active signalling object
passive status object
Telegram
repetition on new error
in DALI system ?
no
yes
The DALI Gateway allows the feedback
of the error status of DALI operating
devices. If individual evaluation and
display of the error status of individual
electronic ballasts or DALI groups is not
required or is to be supplemented with a
feedback function, independent of the
electronic ballast, it is possible to use
the general feedback of the "Error status
in the DALI system". This feedback has
a separate 1-bit communication object,
which allows the signalling of a general
error in the DALI installation. The DALI
Gateway sets the object value to "1 ON" as soon as it detects an error in a
previously commissioned DALI
operating device. Here, it is irrelevant
which error was identified by the
Gateway (lamp error, electronic ballast
error, converter error). The Gateway
only resets the object value to "0 - OFF"
when all the previously identified errors
were eliminated.
The feedback of the general error status
can be used as an active message
object or as a passive status object. As
an active message object, the feedback
information is transmitted to the bus
whenever the status changes. In the
function as a passive status object,
there is no automatic telegram
transmission. In this case, the object
value must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the object
communication flags required for proper
functioning.
This parameter is only visible if "Error
status in DALI system" feedback is
enabled.
Optionally, the general error status can
be transmitted repeatedly, if, after a
previously identified DALI error, further
errors are detected on the same or other
operating devices. The parameter
"Telegram repetition on new error in
DALI system ?" specifies the behaviour
of the general error status feedback for
new errors.
In the "yes" setting, the general error
status is transmitted as "1 - ON" for
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each new error. In the "no" setting, the
general error status is transmitted
repeatedly for new errors. Telegrams
are only transmitted again via the object
"Error status in the DALI system", when
no more errors are present.
This parameter is only visible if "Error
status in DALI system" feedback is
enabled.
Feedback "Error status
per DALI operating
device"?
no
yes, feedback object is
active signalling object
yes, feedback object is
passive status object
Data format of the
feedback
only 2-byte KNX object
only 1-byte object
1 Byte object and 2 byte
KNX object
Time delay for feedback no
telegram after
initialisation ?
yes
Feedback DALIGateway supply
voltage failure / return ?
The DALI Gateway allows the feedback
of the individual error status of DALI
operating devices in up to two different
data formats. To use this feedback
function, this parameter must be
configured to the "Yes..." setting.
konfiguriert werden. Here, it is possible
to define whether the feedback is an
active transmitter or is passive (error
status must be polled).
This parameter determines whether only
a 1-byte object (according to KNX DPT
238.600), a 2-byte object (according to
KNX DPT 237.600) or a combination of
both objects is used.
This parameter is only visible if the
feedback function is enabled.
Optionally, this parameter can be used
to activate a delay of the 2-byte
feedback after Gateway initialisation
(ETS programming operation, mains
voltage return). The delay time is
globally configured in the parameter
node "General -> Status and feedback".
After initialisation, the 1-byte error status
is generally transmitted without a delay.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an enabled feedback function and
actively transmitting feedback.
no
The DALI Gateway can monitor its
supply voltage (mains voltage
yes (only on voltage failure) connection) and, if there is a failure,
transmit a message telegram to the bus
yes (on voltage failure a
before shutting down operation.
return)
The "yes" setting activates the message
function and disconnects the appropriate
object. In addition, there is the
specification of whether the message is
only to be transmitted when the supply
voltage fails or if it should additionally be
transmitted when the supply voltage
returns.
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Feedback DALI shortcircuit ?
no
yes
The DALI Gateway can transmit a
message telegram to the bus when it
detects a short-circuit on the DALI cable.
The "yes" setting activates the message
function and disconnects the appropriate
object. Alternatively, the "no" setting
deactivates the short-circuit message.
When enabled, telegram transmission is
always actively transmitting. As soon as
a short-circuit has been detected and
eliminated, the Gateway will transmit
one feedback telegram without a delay.
h General -> Status and feedbacks
Time for cyclical
transmission of the
feedbacks for groups
and devices
00:00:10...00:00:20...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
Here, the cycle time for cyclical
transmission of the feedback functions is
defined globally for all DALI groups and
single devices.
Time delay for
feedbacks after bus volt
return for groups and
devices
00:00...00:05...59:59
[mm:ss]
This parameter provides a global
definition for all DALI groups and single
devices of the delay time for automatic
transmission of the feedback functions
after a device reset.
A setting of "0" deactivates the time
delay altogether. In this case, all
feedback telegrams, if actively
transmitted, will be transmitted to the
bus without any delay.
Collective feedback
switching status ?
no
After central commands or after bus/
mains voltage return, a KNX line is
generally heavily loaded by data traffic
as many bus devices are transmitting
the state of their communication objects
by means of feedback telegrams. This
effect occurs particularly when using
visualisations. Collective feedback of the
Gateway can be used to keep the
telegram load low during initialisation.
The collective feedback summarises the
switching states of the DALI groups and
single devices in bit-orientated form. Up
to 6 separate 4-byte communication
objects are available for this, depending
on the set addressing type. Each of
these objects can visualise the switching
state of up to 16 groups or devices.
In the "yes" setting, this parameter
enables collective feedback.
yes
Collective feedback
type
active signalling object
passive status object
Collective feedback can take place in
the form of active message objects or
passive status objects. In the case of
active message objects, the feedback is
transmitted to the bus whenever the
status contained therein changes. In the
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function as a passive status object,
there is no automatic telegram
transmission. In this case, the object
values must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the communication
flags of the objects required for proper
functioning.
This parameter is only visible if
collective feedback is enabled.
Time delay for feedback no
telegram after bus
voltage
yes
return ?
If used as an active message object, the
states of the collective feedback are
transmitted to the bus after bus or mains
voltage return or after programming with
the ETS. In these cases, the feedback
telegram can be time-delayed with the
delay being preset globally for all groups
and single devices together.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
Cyclical transmission of
the feedback ?
The objects of the collective feedback
can also transmit their value cyclically in
addition to transmission when updating.
On "yes", cyclical transmission is
performed. The cycle time is configured
in the same parameter node. In the "no"
setting, cyclical transmission is
deactivated which means that collective
feedback is only transmitted to the bus if
one of the switching states changes.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
no
yes
Updating of the object
value for collective
feedback
Here, you can specify when the
Gateway should update the feedback
values for the collective feedback in
case of an actively transmitting
communication object. The object value
updated by the Gateway is then
signalled actively to the bus.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
after each update of the
inputs
The Gateway updates the feedback
values in the collective feedback once a
new telegram is received on the input
objects "Switching" or "Central
switching" for groups or single devices.
With actively transmitting feedback
objects, a new telegram is also then
actively transmitted to the bus each
time. The telegram value of the
feedback does not necessarily have to
change in the process. Hence,
corresponding collective feedbacks are
also generated, e.g. for cyclical
telegrams to the "Switching" objects.
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only if the feedback value The Gateway only updates the feedback
changes
values in the collective feedback objects
when the telegram values of the inputs
also change. If telegram values of the
feedback do not change (e.g. in the
case of cyclical telegrams to the
"Switching" objects with the same
telegram value), the feedback then
remains unchanged. Consequently, in
the case of actively transmitting
feedback objects, no telegram with the
same content will be transmitted
repeatedly either.
h General -> Standby switch-off of DALI devices
"Standby switch off
DALI / Use "Global
switching status
" feedback ?
no
Type of feedback
active signalling object
yes
passive status object
Time delay for feedback no
telegram after bus
voltage
yes
return ?
The DALI Gateway offers a function for
global feedback of the switching status
of all planned DALI groups and devices.
This feedback can also be used for
standby switch-off of the DALI system,
and thus to save energy.
In the "yes" setting, this parameter
enables feedback of the global switching
status.
When the standby switch-off is used
(active time delays), the feedback of the
global switching status will always take
place as an active message telegram
whenever the feedback value changes.
If no time delay has been configured
(global switching status for general
visualisation purposes), the feedback
object - according to this parameter can either be used as an active
signalling object or, alternatively, as a
passive status object. As an active
message object, the feedback
information is also directly transmitted to
the bus whenever there is an update. As
a passive status object, there is no
telegram transmission after an update.
In this case, the object value must be
read out. The ETS automatically sets
the object communication flags required
for proper functioning.
This parameter is only visible if feedback
of the global switching status is enabled.
If used as an active message object, the
feedback status is transmitted to the bus
after bus/mains voltage return or after
programming with the ETS, if switch-on
or switch-off takes place after a device
reset. If feedback is not used for standby
switch-off, the telegram can be
transmitted after a delay after bus/mains
voltage return, whereby the delay time is
set jointly and globally for all the
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feedback of the device. If a time delay is
required, this parameter must be set to
"yes". Otherwise ("no" setting),
transmission of the active message
telegram takes place immediately after a
device reset and thus generally when
the standby switch-off is used.
This parameter is only visible if feedback
of the global switching status is enabled
and only when there is an active
signalling object.
Cyclical transmission of
the feedback ?
no
yes
Feedback in its function as an active
signalling object can also be transmitted
cyclically as an option in addition to
transmission when the object value
changes, although this is only possible if
the delay times, and thus the standby
switch-off, are not used. The parameter
"Cyclical transmission of feedback
telegram ?" then specifies if cyclical
transmission is enabled or not. If
enabled, the parameter "Time for
cyclical transmission" on the same
parameter page will define the cycle
time.
This parameter is only visible if feedback
of the global switching status is enabled
and only when there is an active
signalling object.
Updating of the object
value
only if the feedback value The update of the feedback of the global
changes
switching status will always take place
whenever the feedback value changes.
This means that the update behaviour
cannot be configured here.
This parameter is only visible if feedback
of the global switching status is enabled
and only when there is an active
signalling object.
Delay until activation of
the standby switch-off /
sending the feedback ?
no
yes
Using this parameter, the object value
"0 - OFF" of the feedback can optionally
be transmitted to the bus after a delay. If
the delay time is used, the feedback
telegram can be used for standby
switch-off of the DALI system. For this,
for example, an output of a KNX
switching actuator used as an NO
contact should be connected to the
feedback object of the DALI Gateway.
The output of the switching actuator
switches the mains voltage supply of all
the DALI operating devices. If the global
switching status in this application is "0",
the (delayed) telegram to the actuator
will disconnect all the DALI operating
devices (not the DALI Gateway) from
the network, saving electrical energy.
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This parameter is only visible if feedback
of the global switching status is enabled.
Delay time
00:00...00:05...59:59
[mm:ss]
The delay time for the transmission of
an object value "0 - OFF" after a state
change of the feedback is defined here.
This parameter is only visible when until
activation of the standby switch-off /
sending the feedback is enabled.
Delay until restart of the
DALI devices ?
no
When using feedback for standby
switch-off, the mains voltage is switched
on automatically with the feedback
telegram "1 - ON", as soon as the
Gateway is to switch on at least one
operating device by DALI command.
The time between the transmission of
this feedback (switching on the mains
voltage) and the transmission of the
DALI command can be delayed
optionally using this parameter. This
gives the DALI operating devices
sufficient time after the return of the
mains voltage to initialise themselves in
order to be able to react properly to the
commands of the Gateway.
This parameter is only visible if feedback
of the global switching status is enabled.
yes
Delay time
00...10...59
[ss]
The delay time for the transmission of
the DALI command after transmission of
the feedback telegram "1 - ON" is
defined here.
This parameter is only visible when the
delay until the restart of the DALI
devices is enabled.
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4.2.5.2 Parameters for manual operation
Description
Values
Comment
disabled
This parameter can be used for
programming whether manual control is
to be possible or deactivated in case of
bus voltage failure.
h Manual operation
Manual control in case
of bus voltage failure
enabled
Manual control during
bus operation
disabled
enabled
Disabling function
manual operation ?
no
yes
This parameter can be used for
programming whether manual control is
to be possible or deactivated during bus
operation (bus voltage on).
Manual control can be disabled via the
bus, even if it is already active. For this
purpose, the disabling object can be
enabled here.
Polarity of disabling
object, manual
operation
0 = enabled / 1 = disabled This parameter sets the polarity of the
disabling object. In the setting "1 =
1 = enabled / 0 = disabled disabled / 0 = enabled", the disabling
function is immediately active on return
of bus/mains voltage or after an ETS
programming operation (object value =
"0").
The parameter is only visible if the
disabling function for manual operation
is enabled.
Send status manual
control ?
no
yes
Status object function
and polarity
The current state of manual control can
be transmitted to the bus via a separate
status object, if bus voltage is available
(setting: "yes").
This parameter defines the information
contained in the status object. The
object is always "0", when the manual
control mode is deactivated. The
parameter is visible only if the manual
control status transmission is enabled.
0 = inactive;
The object is "1" when the manual
1 = manual control active control mode is active (temporary or
permanent).
0 = inactive; 1 = permanent The object is only "1" when the
manual control active
permanent manual control is active.
Behaviour at the end of
permanent manual
control during bus
operation
The behaviour of the Gateway at the
end of permanent manual control
depends on this parameter.
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no change
All telegrams received during an active
permanent manual control mode for
direct operation (switching, dimming,
brightness value, central, scenes) will be
rejected. After the end of the permanent
manual control mode, the current
brightness state of all the groups and
single devices remains unchanged. If,
however, a forced position or disabling
function was activated via the bus
before or during manual operation of
emergency operation, the Gateway
executes these functions of a higher
priority again for the groups concerned.
Output tracking
During active permanent manual control
all incoming telegrams are tracked
internally. At the end of manual
operation, the groups and single devices
are set to the last tracked brightness
states. If a forced position or disabling
function was activated via the bus
before or during manual operation of
emergency operation, the Gateway
executes these functions of a higher
priority again for the groups and single
devices concerned.
Bus control of individual no
groups or single devices
can be disabled
yes
Individual DALI groups and single
devices can be disabled locally so that
the disabled DALI operating devices can
no longer be controlled via the KNX.
Such disabling of the bus operation is
initiated by local operation in permanent
manual operation and is indicated by
flashing of the group or single device
number in the 7-segment display. The
disabled groups and single devices can
then only be activated in permanent
manual operation.
Disabling by means of manual operation
is only permitted if this parameter is set
to "yes".
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4.2.5.3 Parameters for groups and single devices
Description
Values
Comment
h Addressing
Addressing
A DALI system can address a maximum
of 64 operating devices, although the
Gateway itself does not count as an
operating device. Up to 6 different
addressing types allow group-orientated
and individually-address control of DALI
lights via KNX telegrams. Depending on
the configuration, up to 32 independent
DALI groups are available for group
addressing. For alternative control,
these can be supplemented with 64
individually-addressable DALI device
channels, as necessary.
Central control.
With master control, all the connected
DALI components are controlled by a
broadcast command. This means that
there is no need to commission DALI,
meaning that lighting systems with few
functions can be started up quickly and
easily (simplified configuration without
DALI commissioning). With central
addressing, some functions are not
available (no emergency lights can be
contacted, no error status read out, no
collective feedback).
Group control 1...16
During DALI commissioning or offline
configuration, the max. 64 DALI
operating devices are assigned to any
different groups of the Gateway. For this
any number of DALI operating devices
can be assigned to each group (1...16).
On the DALI side, addressing takes
place using group addresses, which the
Gateway configures invisibly for the user
and manages on its own. During DALI
commissioning, the operating devices
concerned are automatically
programmed accordingly. Through the
use of group addresses (multicast), the
reaction time of the DALI subscribers in
this type of addressing is short particularly in large-scale systems.
Group control 1...32
In this addressing type too, during DALI
commissioning or offline configuration,
the max. 64 DALI operating devices are
assigned to different groups of the
Gateway. For this, any number of DALI
operating devices can be assigned to
groups 1...16. On the DALI side,
addressing takes place using group
addresses, meaning that the reaction
time of the DALI subscribers in groups
1...16 is short. In contrast, only up to two
DALI operating devices can be assigned
to groups 17...32. Since there are no
DALI group addresses for these groups,
DALI addressing takes place using the
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device short addresses, which means
that the operating devices are
addressed, and thus contacted,
individually. In particular, in large
systems with multiple subscribers
addressed by short address, the
reaction time is slower than with group
addressing, as addressing takes place
individually and in sequence.
Group control 1...16 and
group control 1...64
In this addressing type, the operating
devices in groups 1...16 are controlled
using DALI group addresses, as
described above for group control. In
addition, other DALI operating devices
can be addressed individually as single
devices. The addressing of these
devices takes place individually using
the device short addresses.
Group control 1...32 and
group control 1...64
This addressing type behaves in exactly
the same way as the "Group control
1...16 and device control 1...64"
addressing, with the difference that
groups 17...32 are also available. Here
too, groups 17...32 can only be assigned
to up to two DALI operating devices. In
this case too, as there are no DALI
group addresses, DALI addressing
takes place using the device short
addresses, meaning that the operating
devices are addressed, and thus
contacted, individually.
Device control 1...64
This addressing type only allows control
of up to 64 single devices. DALI group
addressing is not possible. As with the
other addressing types with device
control, the addressing of the devices
takes place individually using the device
short addresses. The use of this
addressing type is advisable, if, for
example, all the operating devices are to
be controlled individually or there is a
whole DALI system made up of singlebattery emergency lights and, as a
result, group control is not possible or
sensible.
h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast
Name
0...28 characters
Here, the group or the single device can
Group / Electronic ballast be assigned a unique name (e.g.
"Office, window side 1"). The name is
used for better orientation in the plug-in.
It is not programmed into the device.
Short address
1...64
The device short addresses are
assigned here in the parameter
configuration of the single devices and
can thus be influenced. Short addresses
must be unique. This means that
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addresses may not appear multiple
times in a DALI system. The ETS plug-in
of the DALI Gateway checks the editing
of short addresses and checks that they
are unique.
This parameter is only available for
planned single devices. The presetting
is dependent on the selected electronic
ballast.
Device type
Ballast for fluorescent
lamps
Optionally, the assignment of DALI
operating devices to programmed
groups or single devices can be
Emergency light single
supplemented by testing of the DALI
battery operations
device types. If testing is enabled ("Use
setting 'DALI device type' ?" parameter
Ballast for discharge lamps under "General"), the plug-in compares,
during assignment as part of
Ballast for LV halogen
commissioning, the device types
lamps
determined by the operating devices
with the specifications by the device
Ballast for Incandescent
type parameters. Assignment can only
lamps
take place if there is agreement. This
will prevent functional incompatibilities
LED module
after commissioning.
For integration of emergency lights: If
only switchable ballast
emergency lights operated with single
batteries is used, the ETS plug-in of the
Multitype
Gateway checks the DALI device type
indicated by the installed operating
device (electronic ballast found) as part
of the device assignment during DALI
commissioning. Only operating devices
of the type "Single-battery operated
emergency light" can be integrated into
the emergency lighting function for
single-battery emergency lights. Testing
of the DALI device type is essential and
can, in consequence, not be switched
off in a single-battery-operated
emergency lighting system in the ETS
plug-in. This avoids incorrect
assignments.
The device type of the single device is
set here. In the "Emergency light, singlebattery-operated" setting, the
"Emergency light, single-batteryoperated" parameter node is visible.
Some DALI operating devices have the
device type "Multitype". Such devices
can be integrated into the emergency
light function for single-battery
emergency lights, provided that these
are enabled for this application. The
ETS plug-in identifies this by reading out
specific properties during DALI
commissioning. Multitype can normally
be used for general lighting tasks and
emergency lighting applications. There
are, however, some multitypes which
are unsuitable for single-batteryoperated emergency lighting
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applications.
This parameter is only available for
planned single devices.
Minimum brightness
Maximum brightness
0.1 %
0.2 %
0.5 %
1%
3%
5%
10 %
15 %
20 %
25 %
30 %
35 %
40 %
45 %
50 %
55 %
60 %
65 %
70 %
The minimum brightness is set here.
The configured value is not undershot in
any state of operation of the Gateway.
30 %
35 %
40 %
45 %
50 %
55 %
60 %
65 %
70 %
75 %
80 %
85 %
90 %
95 %
100 %
The maximum brightness is set here.
The configured value is not exceeded in
any state of operation of the Gateway.
Switch-on brightness
i The upper limit of the selection of
the value settable here is limited by
the configured maximum brightness
(minimum brightness < maximum
brightness).
i During editing of the minimum
brightness, the ETS plug-in checks
all the configured brightness values
of the group or the single device (e.
g. switch-on brightness, scene
values), to see if the values
undershoot the minimum
brightness. If this is the case, the
plug-in will signal a value conflict
and offer adjustments.
i The lower limit of the selection of
the value settable here is limited by
the configured minimum brightness
(minimum brightness < maximum
brightness).
i During editing of the maximum
brightness, the ETS plug-in checks
all the configured brightness values
of the group or the single device (e.
g. switch-on brightness, scene
values), to see if the values exceed
the maximum brightness. If this is
the case, the plug-in will signal a
value conflict and offer adjustments.
This parameter specifies the brightness
value, to which the group or the single
device is set to whenever switching on
via the "Switching" or "Central function
switching" object.
Brightness value
On switching on, the predefined
brightness value in the selection box
next to the parameter is set to. The
selection of the settable value is limited
by the configured minimum and
maximum brightness.
Memory val. (brightn. bef.
switch. off last time)
On switch-on, the active and internallysaved brightness value prior to switching
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off last time is set (via the "Switching" or
"Central function switching" object). This
memory value is only saved in the
volatile memory, meaning that after a
bus/mains voltage return or an ETS
programming operation, the value is
predefined to maximum brightness.
Behaviour after ETS
programming
The Gateway permits setting of the
defined brightness value after ETS
programming.
switch off
The group or the single device is
switched off.
Brightness value
The group or the single device is set to
the predefined brightness value in the
selection box next to the parameter. The
selection of the settable value is limited
by the configured minimum and
maximum brightness.
no change
After an ETS programming operation,
the DALI operating devices of the group
or the single device show no response
and remain in the currently set
brightness state.
Behaviour in case of
bus voltage failure
The Gateway permits setting the
brightness value separately for each
dimming channel in case of bus voltage
failure.
switch off
The group or the single device is
switched off.
Brightness value
The group or the single device is set to
the predefined brightness value in the
selection box next to the parameter. The
selection of the settable value is limited
by the configured minimum and
maximum brightness.
no change
If there is a bus voltage failure, the DALI
operating devices of the group or the
single device show no response and
remain in the currently set brightness
state.
Behaviour after bus
voltage
return
The Gateway permits setting of the
brightness value after bus or mains
voltage return separately for each DALI
group.
switch off
The group or the single device is
switched off.
Brightness value
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The group or the single device is set to
the predefined brightness value in the
selection box next to the parameter. The
selection of the settable value is limited
by the configured minimum and
maximum brightness.
Supplementary function
type
Brightness value before
bus voltage failure
After bus or mains voltage return, the
brightness value set most recently
before the bus or mains voltage failure
and saved internally on bus/mains
voltage failure will be tracked.
no change
After bus/mains voltage return, the DALI
operating devices of the group or the
single device show no response and
remain in the currently set brightness
value or are switched off.
Start staircase function
The staircase function is – irrespective
of the 'Switching' object - activated after
bus/mains voltage return. This setting is
only available when the staircase
function is enabled.
No supplementary
function
The supplementary function can be
defined and enabled here. The disabling
function is only configurable as an
alternative to the forced position
function.
Disabling function
Forced position function
Polarity of the disabling
object
0 = enabled / 1 = disabled This parameter defines the polarity of
the disabling object. It is visible only if
1 = enabled / 0 = disabled the disabling function is enabled.
Behaviour at the
beginning of the
disabling function
The behaviour of the DALI group or
single device at the start of disabling can
be configured. This parameter is visible
only if the disabling function is enabled.
switch off
At the start of disabling, the group or the
single device is switched off and locked.
Brightness value
At the start of disabling, the group or the
single device is set to the predefined
brightness value in the selection box
next to the parameter. The selection of
the settable value is limited by the
configured minimum and maximum
brightness.
no change
At the start of disabling, the DALI
operating devices of the group or the
single device show no response and
remain in the currently set brightness
state or are switched off. Bus operation
is then locked.
Memory val. (brightn. bef.
switch. off last time)
At the start of the disabling function, the
active and internally-saved brightness
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value prior to switching off last time is
set (via the "Switching" object). This
memory value is saved in the volatile
memory, which means that after a bus/
mains voltage return or an ETS
programming operation, the value is
predefined to maximum brightness. Bus
operation is then locked.
flashing
Behaviour at the end of
the disabling function
The DALI operating devices of the group
or the single device flash on and off
during disabling. Bus operation is locked
during this time. The flashing time is
generally configured in the parameter
node "General". During the flashing, the
logical switching state is "on 1" and the
switch-on brightness is signalled back
as brightness. A soft ON/OFF function is
ignored during flashing.
The behaviour of the DALI group or
single device at the end of disabling can
be configured. This parameter is visible
only if the disabling function is enabled.
switch off
At the end of the disabling function, the
group or the single device is switched off
and enabled again.
Brightness value
At the end of disabling, the group or the
single device is set to the predefined
brightness value in the selection box
next to the parameter. The selection of
the settable value is limited by the
configured minimum and maximum
brightness.
no change
At the end of disabling, the DALI
operating devices of the group or the
single device show no response and
remain in the currently set brightness
state or are switched off. Bus operation
is enabled again.
Memory val. (brightn. bef.
switch. off last time)
At the end of disabling, the active and
internally-saved brightness value prior to
switching off last time is set (via the
"Switching" or "Central function
switching" object). This memory value is
saved in the volatile memory, meaning
that after a bus voltage return or an ETS
programming operation, the value is
predefined to maximum brightness. Bus
operation is enabled again.
flashing
The DALI operating devices of the group
or the single device are always enabled
again for the bus control at the end of
the disabling and flash on and off. The
flashing time is generally configured in
the parameter node "General". During
the flashing, the logical switching state is
"on 1" and the switch-on brightness is
signalled back as brightness. A soft ON/
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OFF function is ignored during flashing.
The flashing status remains active until
another bus command is received and
or manual operation specifies another
status.
tracked brightness value
Behaviour after bus
voltage
return
At the end of the disabling, the state
received during the disabling function or
adjusted before the disabling function
can be tracked with the appropriate
brightness value. Any elapsed time
functions will also be taken into account
if necessary.
The forced position communication
object can be initialised after bus voltage
return. The brightness status of the DALI
group or the single device can be
influenced when the forced position
function is activated.
This parameter is only visible when the
forced position function is enabled.
no forced position active
No forced position is activated after bus
voltage return.
Forced position active,
switch on
The forced position is activated. The
DALI operating devices of the group or
the single device are switched on to the
brightness value predefined by the
parameter "Switch on brightness for
forced position ON".
Forced position active,
switch off
The forced position is activated. The
DALI operating devices of the group or
the single device are forced to switch
off.
State before bus voltage
failure
The state of the forced position is set in
such a way as it was stored non-volatile
at the time of the bus failure. After
programming the application or
parameters with the ETS, the value is
set internally to "not active". If the
function is activated, the DALI operating
devices of the group or the single device
are switched on to the brightness value
predefined by the parameter "switch on
brightness for forced position ON".
Brightness for forced
position active, ON
If the forced position is activated and
forced-position state is "ON", you can
define here how the DALI operating
devices of the group should behave.
This parameter is only visible when the
forced position function is enabled.
Brightness value
The group or the single device is set to
the predefined brightness value in the
selection box next to the parameter. The
selection of the settable value is limited
by the configured minimum and
maximum brightness.
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no change
The DALI operating devices of the group
or the single device show no response
and remain in the currently set
brightness state.
Memory val. (brightn. bef.
switch. off last time)
The active and internally-saved
brightness value prior to switching off
last time is set (via the "Switching" or
"Central function switching" object). This
memory value is saved in the volatile
memory, which means that after a bus/
mains voltage return or an ETS
programming operation, the value is
predefined to maximum brightness.
Behaviour at the end of
the forced position
function
The behaviour of the DALI group or
single device at the end of the forced
position can be configured here.
This parameter is only visible when the
forced position function is enabled.
no change
At the end of the forced position, the
DALI operating devices of the group or
the single device show no response and
remain in the currently set brightness
state or are switched off. Bus operation
is enabled again.
tracked brightness value
At the end of a forced position, the state
received during the forced position
function or adjusted before the function
can be tracked with the appropriate
brightness value. Any time functions still
in progress will also be taken into
account if necessary. Bus operation is
enabled again.
h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Switching
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Switching
Feedback switching
status ?
The current switching state of the DALI
group or the single device can be
reported back separately to the bus.
no
No feedback object available for the
group or the single device. Feedback
deactivated.
yes, feedback object is
active signalling object
Feedback and the object are activated.
The state is not transmitted inverted.
The object transmits actively (telegram
transmission after change / update or
possibly cyclically).
yes, feedback object is
passive status object
Feedback and the object are activated.
The state is not transmitted inverted.
The object is passive (telegram
transmission only as a response to
'Read' request).
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Time delay for feedback no
telegram after bus
voltage
yes
return ?
The feedback telegram can be
transmitted to the bus with a delay after
bus voltage return or after programming
with the ETS. Setting "yes" activates the
delay time of the feedback in case of
bus voltage return. The delay time is
generally configured in the parameter
node "General -> Status and feedback".
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
Cyclical transmission of
the feedback ?
The switching status feedback telegram
can also be transmitted cyclically via the
active message object in addition to the
transmission after updating. On "yes",
cyclical transmission is performed. The
cycle time is generally configured in the
parameter node "General -> Status and
feedback". On "no", cyclical
transmission is deactivated so that the
feedback telegram is only transmitted
when the switching status is changed or
updated.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
no
yes
Updating the object
value for switching
status feedback
Here, you can specify when the
Gateway should update the feedback
value for the switching status in case of
an actively transmitting communication
object. The object value updated by the
Gateway is then signalled actively to the
bus.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
after each update of the
inputs
The Gateway updates the feedback
value in the object once a new telegram
is received on the input objects
"Switching" or "Central switching". With
an actively transmitting feedback object,
a new telegram is also then actively
transmitted to the bus each time. The
telegram value of the feedback does not
necessarily have to change in the
process. Hence, a corresponding
switching status feedback is also
generated on the "Switching" object
such as in the case of cyclical telegrams
for example. In addition, feedback is
transmitted at the beginning or end of a
disabling or forced position function, and
also during an effect run-through, even if
the feedback state does not change.
only if the feedback value The Gateway only updates the feedback
changes
value in the object if the telegram value
(e.g. "OFF" to "ON") also changes. If the
telegram value of the feedback does not
change (e.g. in the case of cyclical
telegrams to the "Switching" object with
the same telegram value), the feedback
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then remains unchanged. Consequently,
with an actively transmitting feedback
object, no telegram with the same
content will be transmitted repeatedly
either. This setting is recommendable,
for instance, if the "Switching" and
"Switching feedback" objects are linked
to an identical group address. This is
often the case when activating by
means of light scene push-button
sensors (recall and storage function).
Assignment to central
function ?
no
yes
This parameter determines the
assignment of the DALI group or the
single device to the central function.
This parameter is visible only if the
central function is enabled.
h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Dimming
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Dimming
Time for relative
dimming (0-100%)
00:00:01...00:00:05...
05:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
This parameter sets the relative
dimming step time (4-bit dimming). The
time entered here defines the maximum
length for dimming over the entire
brightness range of 0 % to 100 %
brightness.
Dimming behaviour on
receipt of a brightness
value
dimming to
A parameter is used here to define
whether a brightness value received via
the bus is instantly jumped to (absolute
dimming), or whether the brightness is
dimmed to.
Time for absolute
dimming (0-100%)
00:00:01...00:00:05...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
This parameter sets the absolute
dimming step time (1-bit dimming). The
time entered here defines the maximum
length for dimming over the entire
brightness range of 0 % to 100 %
brightness.
This parameter is only visible in the
setting "Dimming behaviour on receipt of
a brightness value" = "Dim to".
Automatic switch-off if a
brightness is
undershot ?
no
The switch-off function permits
automatic switching of a DALI group or a
single device after a brightness value
was dimmed or jumped to and this new
brightness value is below a switch-off
brightness set in the ETS. The
automatic switch-off function can be
activated here.
jumping to
yes
0.1 %...5 %...100 %
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Switch-off if brightness
value smaller
Delay until switch-off ?
This parameter defines the brightness or
speed, which if reached or undershot,
will cause the group or the single device
to be switched off at the end of a
dimming procedure, or if necessary,
after a delay time has elapsed. The
selection of the settable value is limited
by the configured minimum and
maximum brightness. The standard
setting adapts itself accordingly. If the
switch-off brightness was undershot
because of a disabling or forced position
function or a pre-warning of the
staircase function, the switch-off function
is not executed!
This parameter is only visible if the
switch-off function is activated.
no
yes
Delay time until
switching off
00:01...00:30... 59:59
[mm:ss]
Feedback brightness
value ?
The time delay of the switch-off function
can be activated here. If the switch-off
brightness is reached or undershot at
the end of a dimming procedure, the
DALI group or the single device is
switched off after the delay time has
elapsed.
This parameter is only visible if the
switch-off function is activated.
This parameter sets the delay time of
the switch-off function. If the switch-off
brightness is reached or undershot at
the end of a dimming procedure, the
DALI group or the single device is
switched off after the time set here has
elapsed.
This parameter is visible only if the
switch-off function is activated and
visible when the delay time is enabled.
The current brightness value of the DALI
group or the single device can be
reported separately back to the bus.
no
No feedback object available for the
group or the single device. Feedback
deactivated.
yes, feedback object is
active signalling object
Feedback and the object are activated.
The object transmits actively (telegram
transmission after change / update or
possibly cyclically).
yes, feedback object is
passive status object
Feedback and the object are activated.
The object is passive (telegram
transmission only as a response to
'Read' request).
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Time delay for feedback no
telegram after bus
voltage
yes
return ?
The feedback telegram can be
transmitted to the bus with a delay after
bus voltage return or after programming
with the ETS. Setting "yes" activates the
delay time of the feedback in case of
bus voltage return. The delay time is
generally configured in the parameter
node "General -> Status and feedback".
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
Cyclical transmission of
the feedback ?
The brightness value feedback telegram
can also be transmitted cyclically via the
active message object in addition to the
transmission after updating. On "yes",
cyclical transmission is performed. The
cycle time is generally configured in the
parameter node "General -> Status and
feedback". On "no", cyclical
transmission is deactivated so that the
feedback telegram is only transmitted
when the brightness value is changed or
updated.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
no
yes
Updating the object
value for brightness
value feedback
Here, you can specify when the
Gateway should update the feedback
value for the brightness value in case of
an actively transmitting communication
object. The object value updated by the
Gateway is then signalled actively to the
bus.
This parameter is only visible in case of
an actively transmitting feedback object.
after each update of the
inputs
The Gateway updates the feedback
value in the object once a new telegram
is received on the input object
"brightness feedback". With an actively
transmitting feedback object, a new
telegram is also then actively
transmitted to the bus each time. The
telegram value of the feedback does not
necessarily have to change in the
process. Hence, a corresponding
brightness value feedback is also
generated on the "brightness value
feedback" object such as in the case of
cyclical telegrams for example. In
addition, feedback is transmitted at the
beginning or end of a disabling or forced
position function, and also during an
effect run-through, even if the feedback
state does not change.
only if the feedback value The Gateway only updates the feedback
changes
value in the object if the telegram value
(e.g. "0 %" to "100 %") also changes. If
the telegram value of the feedback does
not change (e.g. in the case of cyclical
telegrams to the "brightness value"
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object with the same telegram value),
the feedback then remains unchanged.
Consequently, with an actively
transmitting feedback object, no
telegram with the same content will be
transmitted repeatedly either. This
setting is recommendable, for instance,
if the "brightness value" and "brightness
value feedback" objects are linked to an
identical group address. This is often the
case when activating by means of light
scene push-button sensors (recall and
storage function).
h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Switch-on/switch-off behaviour
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Switch-on/switch-off behaviour
Selection of time delay
none
Switch-on delay
Switch-off delay
The communication objects "Switching"
and "Central function switching" can be
evaluated after a time delay. By this
setting the desired function of the time
delay is selected and the additional
parameters of the delay enabled.
ON delay and OFF delay
Switch-on delay time
00:00:01...00:00:30...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
This parameter is used for setting the
duration of the switch-on delay. This
parameter is only visible if switch-on
delay or switch-on and switch-off delay
are activated.
Switch-on delay
retriggerable ?
no
A switch-on delay still in progress can
be retriggered (setting "yes") by another
"1" telegram. Alternatively, the
retriggering time can be suppressed
(setting "no").
This parameter is only visible if switchon delay or switch-on and switch-off
delay are activated.
yes
Switch-off delay time
00:00:01...00:00:30...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
This parameter is used for setting the
duration of the switch-off delay. This
parameter is only visible if switch-on
delay or switch-on and switch-off delay
are activated.
Switch-off delay
retriggerable ?
no
A switch-off delay still in progress can
be retriggered (setting "yes") by another
"0" telegram. Alternatively, the
retriggering time can be suppressed
(setting "no").
This parameter is only visible if switchon delay or switch-on and switch-off
delay are activated.
yes
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Soft ON function ?
no
yes
The soft ON function permits slower
switch-on. If this function (setting "yes")
is activated, a dimming procedure to the
switch-on brightness is started after
receiving a switch-on telegram via the
"Switching" or "Central function
switching" object.
Time for soft ON
(0...100 %)
00:00:01...00:00:05...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
This parameter sets the dimming
increment time for the Soft ON function.
The time entered here defines the
maximum length for Soft ON dimming
over the entire brightness range of 0 %
to 100 % brightness. The Soft ON time
cannot be retriggered.
This parameter is visible only if the Soft
ON function is enabled.
Soft OFF function ?
no
The soft OFF function permits slower
switch-off. If this function (setting "yes")
is activated, a dimming procedure is
started at minimum brightness and then
switched off after receiving a switch-off
telegram via the "Switching" or "Central
function switching" object.
yes
Time for Soft OFF
(0...100 %)
00:00:01...00:00:05...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
This parameter sets the dimming
increment time for the Soft OFF
function. The time entered here defines
the maximum length for Soft OFF
dimming over the entire brightness
range of 100 % to 0 % brightness. The
Soft OFF time cannot be retriggered.
This parameter is visible only if the Soft
OFF function is enabled.
h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Staircase function
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Staircase function
Staircase function ?
no
yes
Staircase time
Staircase time
retriggerable ?
00:00:01...00:02:00...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
The staircase function and, as a result,
the appropriate communication objects
and parameters can be enabled here.
This parameter is used for programming
the duration of the switch-on time for a
scene recall. This parameter is only
visible if the staircase function is
enabled.
An active switch-on time can be
retriggered (setting "yes"). Alternatively,
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no
yes
Reaction to OFFtelegram
Reaction at the end of
the staircase time
An active switch-on time can be aborted
prematurely by switching off the
staircase function. This parameter is
only visible if the staircase function is
enabled.
ignore
OFF telegrams received via the object
"Staircase function start / stop" during
the ON phase of the staircase function
are rejected. The staircase time will be
executed completely to the end with the
configured "behaviour at the end of the
staircase time".
switch off
Once an OFF telegram is received via
the object "Staircase function start/stop"
during the ON phase of the staircase
time, the operating devices switch off
immediately. If the staircase time is
stopped prematurely by such a
telegram, there is no pre-warning, i.e.
the pre-warning time is not started. It is
also not dimmed to a reduced
continuous lighting. It is also possible to
switch off prematurely during a dimming
procedure of a soft function or during a
pre-warning or reduced continuous
lighting.
switch off
At the end of the switch-on time of the
staircase function, the DALI group or the
single device shows the behaviour
configured here. The DALI group or the
single device can be set to switch off
immediately, alternatively to dim to the
reduced continuous lighting (application:
e.g. long, dark hallways) or to execute
the pre-warning function.
Activate pre-warning time
Activate reduced
continuous lighting
Reduced brightness
Pre-warning time
the retriggering time can be suppressed
(setting "no").
This parameter is only visible if the
staircase function is enabled.
0.1 %...10 %...100 %
This parameter defines the reduced
brightness that is set for pre-warning or
continuous lighting. The selection of the
settable value is limited by the
configured minimum and maximum
brightness. The standard setting adapts
itself accordingly.
This parameter is only visible if the
staircase function is enabled and the
pre-warning time or continuous lighting
is activated.
This parameter is used for setting the
duration of the pre-warning time. The
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00:00:01...00:00:30...
23:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
Supplementary function
for staircase function
pre-warning time is added to the switchon time. The reduced brightness is set
during the time configured here.
This parameter is only visible if the
staircase function is enabled and the
activated pre-warning time is activated.
The staircase function can be extended
by the two supplementary functions
"Time extension" and "Time
specifications via bus", which should be
used alternatively. This parameter
enables the desired supplementary
function and thereby activates the
necessary parameters or objects.
This parameter is only visible if the
staircase function is enabled.
No supplementary
function
No supplementary function is enabled.
Time preset via the bus
The time preset via the bus is activated.
With this supplementary function, the
configured switch-on time can be
multiplied by a factor received via the
bus, thus it can be adapted dynamically.
time extension
The time extension is activated. This
function permits retriggering an
activated staircase lighting time spanntimes via the object "Staircase function
start/stop.
Staircase function can
be activated via
"Staircase time factor"
object ?
no
A time preset via the bus can specify
here whether the receipt of a new time
factor also starts the switch-on time
(setting "yes"). At the same time, the
object "Staircase function start/stop" is
hidden.
If the setting is "no", the switch-on time
can be activated exclusively via the
object "Staircase function start/stop".
This parameter is visible only if the
supplementary function "Time preset via
the bus" is set.
Maximum time
extension
1-fold time
2-fold time
3-fold time
4-fold time
5-fold time
yes
In case of a time extension (retriggering
the lighting time n-times via the object
"Staircase function start/stop), the
parameterized staircase lighting time will
be extended by the value programmed
in this parameter. "1-fold time" means
that after the started staircase time has
elapsed, it can be retriggered a
maximum of one more time. The time is
therefore extended two fold. The other
settings behave in a similar manner.
This parameter is visible only if the
supplementary function "time extension
" is set.
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h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Operating hours counter
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Operating hours counter
Operating hours
counter ?
no
yes
The operating hours counter can be
disabled or enabled here. When the
function is enabled, the corresponding
parameters will be displayed under "[x]
Device name - Operating hours counter"
and the necessary object enabled.
i If the operating hours counter is
disabled, any operating hours that
may have been counted previously
will be deleted and any limiting or
start values predefined for the
affected DALI group and the
affected single device via the object
will be reset.
Type of counter
Up-counter
Down-counter
Start/Limiting value
presetting ?
no
yes, as received via object
yes, as specified in
parameter
The operating hours counter can be
configured as an up-counter or downcounter. The setting here influences the
visibility of the other parameters and
objects of the operating hours counter.
This parameter defines whether the start
or limiting value can be set via a
separate parameter or adapted
individually by a communication object
from the bus.
The "No" setting deactivates the limiting
value.
i If the up-counter is used, a limiting
value can optionally be predefined.
i If the down-counter is used, a start
value can optionally be predefined.
Start/limiting value
(0...65535 hrs.)
0...65535
The limiting value of the up-counter or
the start value of the down-counter is set
here.
Once the limiting value is reached, a "1"
telegram is transmitted via the object
"OHC elapsed". The up-counter itself
continues until the maximum counter
status (65535) is reached and then
stops.
After the initialisation, the down-counter
starts counting down the predefined
value by the hour until the value "0". If
this end value is reached, a "1" telegram
is transmitted via the object "OHC
elapsed".
This parameter is only visible if the
parameter "Start / limiting value
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specification ?" is set to "Yes like the
parameter".
Automatic transmitting
of the counter value
Counting value interval
(1…65535 h)
The current counter status of the
operating hours counter can be
transmitted actively to the bus via the
"OHC value" communication object.
cyclical
The counter status is transmitted
cyclically to the bus and when there is a
change. The cycle time is parameterised
under "Times" generally for all dimming
channels.
after change by interval
value
The counter status is transmitted to the
bus only when there is a change.
1...65535
The interval of the counter value is set
here for automatic transmission. The
current counter status is transmitted to
the bus after the time value configured
here.
This parameter is only visible if the
parameter "Automatic transmission of
the number value" is set to "Change on
interval value".
h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Emergency lights, centrally-supplied
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Emergency lights centrallysupplied
Define separate
brightness value for
emergency operation ?
no
yes
It is necessary to define the brightness
value or the behaviour for emergency
operation. Irrespective of whether the
scope of emergency operation also
includes the Gateway (see parameter
"Scope of emergency operation"), the
behaviour of all the electronic ballasts of
a DALI group or all the single devices in
emergency operation can be influenced
differently.
If the scope of emergency operation
only allows for the integration of the
emergency lights - optionally also
including the KNX system (Gateway not
integrated), due to the switched-off DALI
voltage, the operating devices supplied
with emergency current set the "System
Failure Level" saved in the device at the
beginning of emergency operation as
the brightness value. This brightness
value was written by the DALI Gateway
to the DALI operating devices after ETS
commissioning. By default, the "System
Failure Level" is defined by the
"Behaviour in case of bus voltage
failure" parameter of a group or single
device. Optionally, this value irrespective of the behaviour in case of
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bus voltage failure - can be set to a
separate brightness value for
emergency operation. To do this, set
this parameter to "yes". The parameter
"Brightness value in emergency
operation" then available defines the
value for the "System Failure Level"
regardless of the behaviour in case of
bus voltage failure.
This parameter is only visible if the
scope of emergency operation does not
allows for the integration of the DALI
Gateway.
Brightness value in
emergency light
operation
0.1 %...10 %...100 %
This parameter defines the brightness
value that the operating devices set
when the DALI voltage fails (System
Failure Level). The selection of the
settable value is limited by the
configured minimum and maximum
brightness.
This parameter is only visible on if a
separate brightness value is to be
defined for emergency operation.
Integrate into
emergency light
operation.
no
If the scope of emergency operation
also allows for the integration of the
Gateway, the Gateway requires the
information of which of the DALI
operating devices are integrated into
centrally-supplied emergency operation.
Furthermore, it is necessary to define
the brightness value or the behaviour for
emergency operation. Here, it is
possible to define whether the single
device is integrated in the centrallysupply emergency operation.
This parameter is only visible if the
scope of emergency operation also
allows for the integration of the DALI
Gateway.
Define behaviour at the
start of emergency
operation ?
no
yes
yes
Here, it is possible to define which
reaction the single device shows at the
beginning of emergency operation. In
the "yes" setting, that parameter
"Brightness at the beginning of
emergency operation" becomes visible
which directly specifies the brightness
value to be set. In the "no" setting, the
electronic ballast remains on the last set
brightness value in normal operation.
This parameter is only visible if the
scope of emergency operation also
allows for the integration of the DALI
Gateway, the single device is integrated
in emergency light operation.
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Brightness at the
0.1 %...10 %...100 %
beginning of emergency
operation
The Gateway controls the electronic
ballast to the brightness value specified
by this parameter. The brightness value
specified here is also entered into the
DALI operating devices as the System
Failure Level. If the mains voltage
supply of the DALI Gateway should fail,
and consequently the DALI voltage, the
operating devices affected will also set
themselves to this brightness value. If
the parameter is unavailable (parameter
"Define behaviour at the start of
emergency operation ?" set to "no"), the
"System Failure Level" is defined by the
"Behaviour in case of bus voltage
failure" parameter of a group or single
device.
This parameter is only visible if the
scope of emergency operation also
allows for the integration of the DALI
Gateway, the single device is integrated
in emergency light operation and
behaviour at the start of emergency
operation is to be defined.
h Addressing -> Groups... -> [x] Group -> Emergency lights, single-battery-operated
h Addressing -> Single devices... -> [x] Electronic ballast -> Emergency lights, single-batteryoperated
Brightness with active
emergency operation
0.1 %...10 %...100 %
DALI operating devices are
automatically integrated into singlebattery-operated emergency operation,
provided that they are configured to the
device type "Emergency light, singlebattery-operated". Single-batteryoperated DALI emergency lights have a
special brightness value in the device
memory. This brightness value defines
the brightness of the connected lighting
for emergency operation (Emergency
Level) and is defined separately for each
emergency light, using this parameter.
Depending on the configured minimum
and maximum brightness, the brightness
for emergency operation can be set,
between the limits 0.1 %...100 %. The
planned brightness value is
programmed into the DALI operating
devices during the initialisation operation
after an ETS programming operation.
The brightness for emergency operation
must be within the limits "Emergency
Min Level" and "Emergency Max Level"
of the emergency light operating
devices. Otherwise, the brightness value
is undefined. The limit values are usually
specified by the manufacturer of the
operating devices. Please refer to the
documentation of the emergency light
operating devices in order to correctly
determine the brightness value for
emergency operation.
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Delay time after return
of the general voltage
supply
0 seconds
30 seconds
1 minute
2 minutes
5 minutes
10 minutes
20 minutes
30 minutes
1 hour
1.5 hours
2 hours
Automatic function test,
time interval
deactivated
1 day...30 days
Automatic continuous
operation test, time
interval
deactivated
1 week...52 weeks
After the return of general supply
voltage, single-battery-operated DALI
emergency lights automatically
deactivate emergency operation and
return to normal operation. Electronic
ballasts of this type normally then switch
off the light. Deactivation of emergency
operation can take place after a delay
individually for each single-batteryoperated electronic ballast. A time delay
is advisable in order to give DALI
operating devices without an emergency
supply sufficient time after the return of
mains voltage to switch on at the
operating brightness. The delay time
means that DALI emergency lights are
only switched off or switched to normal
operation when the standard lighting is
ready for operation.
The parameter "Delay time after the
return of the general supply voltage"
defines the period of time from the
identification of the return of mains
voltage until the actual deactivation of
emergency operation ("Prolongation
Time"). In the "0 seconds" setting,
emergency operation is deactivated
without a delay.
Function and continuous tests can either
be activated automatically (cyclically
within configurable repeat times) and
additionally or alternatively with a user
command via KNX telegram. Automatic
execution of the test function is optional
and defined by the scope of functions of
the single-battery-operated operating
devices. Here, it is possible to specify in
which time intervals the automatic
function test is to be executed by the
electronic ballast. This parameter
individually specifies the repeat time for
the function test. The parameter setting
is programmed into the operating device
during the initialisation of the Gateway
after an ETS programming operation. In
the "deactivated" setting, no automatic
function tests are carried out. Here, only
manual starting of the test is possible
using the object "Emergency operation
test start / status".
Function and continuous tests can either
be activated automatically (cyclically
within configurable repeat times) and
additionally or alternatively with a user
command via KNX telegram. Automatic
execution of the test function is optional
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and defined by the scope of functions of
the single-battery-operated operating
devices. Here, it is possible to specify in
which time intervals the automatic
continuous operation is to be executed
by the electronic ballast. This parameter
individually specifies the repeat time for
the continuous operation test. The
parameter setting is programmed into
the operating device during the
initialisation of the Gateway after an
ETS programming operation. In the
"deactivated" setting, no automatic
continuous operation is carried out.
Here, only manual starting of the test is
possible using the object "Emergency
operation test start / status".
Activate function test
externally ?
no
yes
Activate continuous
operation test
externally ?
no
Activate limited
continuous operation
test externally ?
no
yes
yes
The function test can be started
manually - separately for each singlebattery-operated electronic ballast using the 1-byte object "Emergency
operation test start / status". If manual
starting of this test function is to be
possible, this parameter must be
configured as "yes". If "no" is set, the
function test cannot be activated using
the object "Emergency operation test
start / status".
The continuous operation test can be
started manually - separately for each
single-battery-operated electronic ballast
- using the 1-byte object "Emergency
operation test start / status". If manual
starting of this test function is to be
possible, this parameter must be
configured as "yes". If "no" is set, the
continuous operation test cannot be
activated using the object "Emergency
operation test start / status".
The limited continuous operation test
can be started manually - and
separately for each single-batteryoperated electronic ballast - using the 1byte object "Emergency operation test
start / status". If manual starting of this
test function is to be possible, this
parameter must be configured as "yes".
The normal continuous operation test ,
as this is only usually carried out
infrequently (e.g. annually). If "no" is set,
the limited continuous operation test
cannot be activated using the object
"Emergency operation test start /
status".
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Poll battery charging
state directly ?
no
yes
The battery test can be started manually
- separately for each single-batteryoperated electronic ballast - using the 1byte object "Emergency operation test
start / status". If manual starting of this
test function is to be possible, this
parameter must be configured as "yes".
If "no" is set, the battery test cannot be
activated using the object "Emergency
operation test start / status".
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4.2.5.4 Parameters for scenes and effects
Description
Values
Comment
h Scenes -> [x] Scene (x = 1…16)
Name
0...28 characters
Scene
Here, the scene can be assigned a
unique name (e.g. "Presentation",
"Large meeting"). The name planned
here is displayed in the node of the
scene in the left-hand plug-in window.
The name is used for better orientation
in the plug-in. It is not programmed into
the device.
KNX number of the
scene
(1...64)
1...64
Scenes possess KNX numbers (1...64).
These KNX numbers can be used to
recall a scene or a scene memory
function using the scene extension
object. The KNX numbers are
configured individually for each scene
here. KNX numbers must be unique. It is
not possible to assign the same KNX
numbers to multiple scenes.
The standard setting is dependent on
the selected scene.
Priority: Scene to
disabling / forced
position
Overwrite scene values
during ETS download?
As the scene function is activated for
different groups and devices and can
have a simultaneous impact on multiple
groups or single devices, priority must
be given to the disabling or forced
position functions.
low
The scene has a lower priority to the
supplementary functions of the assigned
groups or the assigned single devices. It
is not possible to call up or save the
scene if a supplementary functions is
only activated for one group or one
single device.
high
The scene has a higher priority to the
supplementary functions of the assigned
groups or the assigned single devices.
Scenes are only ever called-up or saved
when a scene extension unit is received.
no
During storage of a scene, the scene
values are stored internally to nonvolatile memory in the device. To
prevent the stored values from being
replaced during ETS programming of
the application or of the parameters by
the originally programmed scene
brightness values, the DALI Gateway
can inhibit overwriting of the scene
values (setting: "no"). As an alternative,
the original values can be reloaded into
the device during each ETS
yes
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programming operation (setting: "yes").
Behaviour when
recalling a scene
jumping to
dimming to 0.7 s
dimming to 1.0 s
dimming to 1.4 s
dimming to 2.0 s
dimming to 2.8 s
dimming to 4.0 s
dimming to 5.7 s
dimming to 8.0 s
In the scene configuration, it is possible
to define whether the scene brightness
values for the assigned groups or single
devices jump instantly or dim. A scene
recall can therefore be executed
independently of the set dimming
behaviour.
On dimming, the fading time can also be
specified (DALI-specific). This time
guarantees that, when a scene is
recalled, all the DALI groups and
devices reach the specified brightness
values at the same time. Example: In
the setting "Dim to 2.0 s", a dimming
operation to set a scene brightness
takes exactly 2 seconds, irrespective of
the brightness before the dimming
operation takes place.
dimming to 11.3 s
dimming to 16.0 s
dimming to 22.5 s
dimming to 32.0 s
dimming to 45.3 s
dimming to 64.0 s
dimming to 90.5 s
Delay scene recall ?
no
yes
Delay time [hh:mm:ss]
A scene is recalled via the scene
extension object. If needed, the scene
recall on the Gateway can be made with
a delay after reception of a recall
telegram (setting: "yes"). Alternatively,
recall takes place immediately on
reception of the telegram (setting: "no").
A recall delay has no influence on the
storage of scene values.
00:00:01...00:00:05...
05:59:59
[hh:mm:ss]
The time delay during a scene recall is
defined here. This parameter is only
visible, if the parameter "Delay scene
recall ?" is configured to "yes".
0...28 characters
Effect
Here, the effect can be assigned a
unique name (e.g. "Effect window",
"Effect entrance"). The name planned
here is displayed in the node of the
effect in the left-hand plug-in window.
The name is used for better orientation
in the plug-in. It is not programmed into
h Effects -> [x] Effect
Name
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the device.
Priority: Effect to
disabling / forced
position
As the effect function is activated for
different groups and devices and can
have a simultaneous impact on multiple
groups or single devices, priority must
be given to the disabling or forced
position functions.
low
The effect has a lower priority to the
supplementary functions of the assigned
groups or the assigned single devices. It
is not possible to recall or save an effect
if a supplementary function is only
activated for one group or one single
device.
high
The effect has a higher priority to the
supplementary functions of the assigned
groups or the assigned single devices.
The effect can be started if a disabling
or forced position function is active.
KNX number of the
effect
(1...64)
1...64
Just like scenes, effects possess KNX
numbers (1...64). These KNX numbers
can be used to start and also stop
individual effects using the extension
object of the effect function. The KNX
numbers are configured individually for
each effect. KNX numbers must be
unique. It is not possible to assign the
same KNX numbers to multiple effects.
The standard setting is dependent on
the selected effect.
Number of steps
(1...16)
1...16
In particular, for the implementation of
dynamic light scenes, it is possible to
include lights or light groups in the effect
control of the DALI Gateway. Up to 16
effects are available here, each with up
to 16 effect steps. Each effect step
represents an individual light scene.
Time-controlled toggling of the effect
steps makes the overall effect dynamic.
Brightness sequences can be
implemented using one or more DALI
groups, or also using individual DALI
devices or scenes.
Up to 15 effect steps can be created for
each effect, as necessary. The last step
of an effect is always the stop step in the
configuration. This is only executed
when the effect is stopped automatically
after the number of run-throughs (ETS
parameter) has been reached, or the
user performs the Stop command via
communication objects. A new effect
step can be added by selecting an effect
parameter node in the tree view and
then executing the New command in the
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context menu.
This parameter shows the number of
effect steps in the effect. It cannot be
edited.
Number of run-throughs 0...1...500
(1...500)
(0 = infinite)
An effect always starts at effect step 1.
The steps are processed in sequence,
according to their number. An effect runthrough corresponds to calling up all the
steps created in the effect. The number
of run-throughs can be specified
individually here between 1...500. An
effect stops automatically when the
configured number of run-throughs has
been reached. Otherwise the effect
starts again with the first step after
processing of the last effect step.
h Effects -> [x] Effect -> [y] Step
Behaviour when
recalling the effect step
jumping to
dimming to 0.7 s
dimming to 1.0 s
dimming to 1.4 s
dimming to 2.0 s
dimming to 2.8 s
dimming to 4.0 s
dimming to 5.7 s
dimming to 8.0 s
dimming to 11.3 s
In the configuration of an effect step, it is
possible to specify whether the
brightness values for the assigned
groups, single devices or scenes are
recalled with an instant jump or are
dimmed to. The recall of an effect step
can thus be executed independently of
the set dimming behaviour of the groups
or single devices.
On dimming, the fading time can also be
specified (DALI-specific). This time
guarantees that, when a scene is
recalled, all the DALI groups and
devices reach the specified brightness
values at the same time. Example: In
the setting "Dim to 0.7 s", a dimming
operation to set a brightness takes
exactly 0.7 seconds, irrespective of the
brightness before the dimming operation
takes place.
dimming to 16.0 s
dimming to 22.5 s
dimming to 32.0 s
dimming to 45.3 s
dimming to 64.0 s
dimming to 90.5 s
Delay until next step
00:00. 0...00:10. 0...
59:59. 9
[mm:ss.100ms]
During an effect run-through, effect
steps are processed in sequence,
according to their number. When all the
brightness values of an effect step have
been set, the effect controller waits for
the set "Delay until the next step". Then
the next step is recalled.
In the "00:00.0" setting, the individual
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Software "DALI Gateway
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steps are recalled without delay after
their processing. The "Delay until next
step" is only started when the last
assignment of an effect step has been
processed.
This parameter is not available for a
stop step.
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Software "DALI Gateway
IC00P01DAL" Parameters
4.2.5.5 Parameters for emergency lights
Description
Values
Comment
h Emergency lights
Emergency lights
system
Feedback "Emergency
lights overall status" ?
This parameter specifies which system
is used to implement emergency light
operation. From this, it is possible to
derive which DALI operating devices are
used.
centrally supplied
No emergency lights with special DALI
operating devices are used in an
emergency lighting system, supplied by
group or central battery systems.
Instead, standard devices are used
according to the basic DALI standards.
These devices, which are primarily
intended to control general DALI lighting
systems, usually only possess one
mains voltage connection and do not
possess a battery for self-supply, should
the mains voltage fail.
single battery operations
Single-battery-operated DALI
emergency lights are independently
functioning lights with integrated supply
battery and DALI ballast. If there is faultfree mains operation, the light is supply
by mains voltage and the battery
charged permanently. If the mains fails,
the ballast switches to the battery
supply. As a result, the battery then
assumes the supply of the light for a
specific time.
single battery operations &
centrally supplied
In general, centrally-supplied emergency
lighting systems can be combined with
single-battery-operated emergency
lights in a DALI installation. This is a
coexistence of both systems, which do
not influence each other, are functionally
independent and are also controlled and
diagnosed separately by the DALI
Gateway, if possible. When both
systems are combined, we recommend
integrating the KNX system and DALI
Gateway into the central emergency
power supply, so that diagnosis and
control tasks via KNX remain intact,
even if there is a failure.
no
The DALI Gateway is able to evaluate
the operating status of all the DALI
operating devices integrated into the
emergency operation in accordance with
the transferred error status, and to make
them available collectively to other KNX
devices in the form of 1-bit feedback via
the object "Feedback, emergency lights,
complete". The status of all the
electronic ballasts integrated into
centrally-supplied and single-battery-
yes
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Software "DALI Gateway
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operated emergency operation is
evaluated - provided that these systems
are intended in the configuration. If the
Gateway only detects a malfunction of
only one operating device or of multiple
operating devices, it will set the object
value to "1". Otherwise (error-free
system), the object value is set to "0".
In the "yes" setting, this parameter
enables the complete status feedback.
Type of feedback
active signalling object
passive status object
The complete status feedback can be
used as an active message object or as
a passive status object. As an active
message object, the feedback
information is also directly transmitted to
the bus whenever there is an update. As
a passive status object, there is no
telegram transmission after an update.
In this case, the object value must be
read out. The ETS automatically sets
the object communication flags required
for proper functioning.
This parameter is only visible if complete
status feedback is enabled.
Time delay for feedback no
telegram after bus
voltage
yes
return ?
If used as an active message object, the
complete status feedback state is
transmitted to the bus after bus or mains
voltage return or after programming with
the ETS, should an error be present. In
these cases, the feedback telegram can
be time-delayed with the delay being
preset globally for all device feedback
together. If a time delay is required, this
parameter must be set to "yes".
Otherwise ("no" setting), transmission of
the active message telegram takes
place immediately after a device reset
and if there is an error.
This parameter is only visible if complete
status feedback is enabled and the
message object is actively transmitting.
Cyclical transmission of
the feedback ?
Optionally, the complete status
feedback, in its function as an active
signalling object, can also be transmitted
cyclically, in addition to transmission on
an update. This parameter specifies
whether cyclical transmission is enabled
or not. If enabled, the parameter "Time
for cyclical transmission" on the same
parameter page will define the cycle
time.
This parameter is only visible if complete
status feedback is enabled and the
message object is actively transmitting.
no
yes
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Time for cyclical
transmission
00:00...15:00...59:59
[mm:ss]
This parameter defines the time for the
cyclical transmission of the complete
status feedback. It is only visible if
overall feedback is enabled and the
message object is actively transmitting.
h Emergency lights -> Centrally-supplied
Scope of emergency
operation
In centrally-supplied emergency lighting
systems, a distinction is made as to
which parts of the electrical building
installation are supplied by the
emergency power supply. The
parameter defines the version of the
emergency lighting system.
Emergency lights
In this application, either all or just
individual DALI operating devices are
connected to the emergency power
supply. The KNX system and DALI
Gateway are not supplied with
emergency power, which means that if
the mains voltage fails, these
subsystems will no longer function. If
there is a fault, there is no DALI voltage
because the power supply of the
Gateway is no longer working.
Emergency lights & KNX
system
In this application, all or individual DALI
operating devices as well as the power
supply of the KNX system are
connected to the emergency power
supply. The DALI Gateway is not
supplied with emergency power, which
means that it will no longer function if
the mains voltage fails. If there is a fault,
there is no DALI voltage because the
power supply of the Gateway is no
longer working. Since the KNX system
continues working without interruption if
the mains power fails, mains failure
messages that the Gateway can
produce before switch-off (feedback of
supply voltage failure) can be evaluated
and processed.
Emergency lights & KNX
system & DALI Gateway
In this application, all or individual DALI
operating devices, the power supply of
the KNX system and the mains voltage
connection of the DALI Gateway are
connected to the emergency power
supply. If there is a fault, DALI voltage
will remain since the power supply of the
Gateway continues working. This
application offers the greatest flexibility,
since the DALI Gateway can continue to
control the operating devices. In this
application, the DALI operating devices
do not switch automatically to the
"System Failure Level". Instead, the
Gateway controls selected operating
devices at a special brightness value for
emergency operation. This brightness
can be configured in the ETS plug-in
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within the limits of minimum and
maximum brightness if necessary.
Alternatively, it is possible to define no
special behaviour at the beginning of
emergency operation. In this case, the
operating devices assigned to
emergency operation remain at the last
set brightness value.
h Emergency lights -> Centrally-supplied -> Emergency lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway
Monitoring for the failure Failure message DALI
of the general power
(internal)
supply ?
Failure message KNX
(external)
If the scope of emergency operation
also allows for the integration of the
DALI Gateway, the Gateway will activate
emergency operation. It instigates all the
appropriate actions on the KNX and the
DALI page. Identification of a mains
Failure message DALI OR failure as the cause of emergency
KNX (internal OR external) operation can take place in different
ways. Either the Gateway automatically
Failure message DALI AND identifies whether mains voltage is
KNX (intern AND extern)
present (internal failure messages) or
not using the diagnosis of the DALI
operating devices. This is possible
through contacting and reading out all
commissioned DALI devices. If a
number of these devices specified by
the programmer do not respond, the
Gateway will assume that the mains
voltage has failed.
In addition, or alternatively, a KNX
telegram can inform the Gateway that
emergency operation is to be activated
(external failure message). This is
useful, for example, when a KNX binary
input is monitoring the mains voltage
and transmits a message telegram if
there is a mains failure.
This parameter defines whether the
detection of a mains voltage failure will
take place using an internal DALI failure
message or, alternatively, using an
external KNX failure message. Both
options can be combined and linked
logically (AND, OR), which means that a
higher guarantee of detection or
redundancy can be implemented during
failure detection.
Minimum number of
failed devices
1...64
With the internal DALI failure message,
all the planned and commissioned DALI
operating devices are polled cyclically
(same interval in seconds as for
determining the error status). Should
one of the devices no longer respond to
the Gateway, the operating device
concerned will be saved internally as
"failed". As a result, the DALI Gateway
will assume that the mains voltage
supply of the DALI operating device has
failed.
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This parameter can be used to define
how many devices must be identified as
"failed" for the Gateway to activate
emergency operation. If the number of
failed devices reaches or exceeds the
configured limit value, then failure of the
general mains power supply is
assumed. If the limit value was not
reached, the Gateway will remain in
normal operation.
This parameter is only visible if an
internal DALI failure message is
intended.
Message: Failure,
general supply
no
yes
A 1-bit failure telegram can be
transmitted to the KNX as feedback
either through the internal failure
message, or alternatively, through the
external failure message, provided that
the Gateway has activated emergency
operation. This allows other bus devices
evaluating this feedback (e.g. other KNX
DALI Gateways) to react and also
activate emergency operation.
Automatic identification of a mains
voltage failure is usually not necessary
with these devices, which means that
only one DALI Gateway in the KNX
system needs to be integrated actively
into mains failure detection.
Reaction to external
no
message" enable "
Emergency operation" ? yes
The DALI Gateway does not need to
monitor its own DALI system or external
failure messages itself in order to
identify the failure of the general mains
voltage supply and thus to activate
emergency operation. Optionally, it can
be switched to emergency operation by
an external message. When using the
external message, only one DALI
Gateway (Master) in the KNX system
needs to be integrated actively into
mains failure detection. All other
Gateways - if available - will then
evaluate the external feedback of this
Master. Alternatively, a Gateway can be
controlled using the external message
from any KNX device.
Behaviour at the end of
emergency operation
If the Gateway deactivates emergency
operation (due to internal or external
failure monitoring of the mains voltage
or an external message telegram), all
the DALI groups or single devices
integrated in the centrally-supplied
emergency operation are switched to
defined brightness states. This
parameter defines the behaviour at the
end of emergency operation. This
OFF
Brightness value
no change
Brightness before
emergency operation
tracked brightness value
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Software "DALI Gateway
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means that the switching off or the
activation of a defined brightness value
can be configured. Alternatively, the
brightness value active before
emergency operation or the brightness
value tracked internally during
emergency operation can be set. As a
final alternative, it is possible to retain
the current state of all operating devices.
Delay time at the end of
emergency operation
00:00...01:00...59:59
[mm:ss]
Deactivation of emergency operation
and thus the execution of the behaviour
at the end of emergency operation can
take place after a delay. A time delay is
advisable in order to give DALI
operating devices without an emergency
supply sufficient time after the return of
mains voltage to switch on at the
operating brightness. The delay time
means that DALI emergency lights are
only switched off or switched to normal
operation when the standard lighting is
ready for operation.
The parameter "Delay time at the end of
emergency operation" defines the period
of time from the identification of the
return of mains voltage until the actual
deactivation of emergency operation. In
the "00:00" setting, emergency
operation is deactivated without a delay.
h Emergency lights -> Centrally-supplied -> Emergency lights & KNX system & DALI Gateway
-> Feedback, emergency operation
Feedback "Emergency
operation status" ?
no
yes
Type of feedback
active signalling object
passive status object
The DALI Gateway is able to make the
state of emergency operation available
on the KNX in the form of 1-bit feedback
via the object "Feedback, emergency
operation status". This allows other KNX
bus devices to be informed about
emergency operation in order to control
displays for users (e.g. in a visualisation)
or to carry out further actions (e.g.
remote forwarding via the telephone or
IP data network through suitable KNX
components). If emergency operation is
activated, the Gateway sets the object
value to "1". Otherwise (emergency
operation deactivated), the object value
is set to "0".
In the "yes" setting, this parameter
enables the feedback "Emergency
operation status".
The "Emergency operation status"
feedback can be used as an active
message object or as a passive status
object. As an active message object, the
feedback information is also directly
transmitted to the bus whenever there is
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Software "DALI Gateway
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an update. As a passive status object,
there is no telegram transmission after
an update. In this case, the object value
must be read out. The ETS
automatically sets the object
communication flags required for proper
functioning.
This parameter is only visible if the
feedback "Emergency operation status"
is enabled.
Time delay for feedback no
telegram after bus
voltage
yes
return ?
If used as an active message object, the
status feedback state is transmitted to
the bus after bus or mains voltage return
or after programming with the ETS,
provided that emergency operation is
activated. In these cases, the feedback
telegram can be time-delayed with the
delay being preset globally for all device
feedback together. If a time delay is
required, this parameter must be set to
"yes". Otherwise ("no" setting),
transmission of the active message
telegram takes place immediately after a
device reset and if there is an error.
This parameter is only visible if the
feedback "Emergency operation status"
is enabled and the message object is
actively transmitting.
Cyclical transmission of
the feedback ?
Optionally, the "Emergency operation
status" feedback in its function as an
active signalling object can also be
transmitted cyclically, in addition to
transmission on an update. This
parameter specifies whether cyclical
transmission is enabled or not. If
enabled, the parameter "Time for
cyclical transmission" on the same
parameter page will define the cycle
time.
This parameter is only visible if the
feedback "Emergency operation status"
is enabled and the message object is
actively transmitting.
no
yes
Time for cyclical
transmission
00:00...15:00...59:59
[mm:ss]
This parameter defines the time for the
cyclical transmission of the "Emergency
operation status" feedback. It is only
visible if feedback is enabled and the
message object is actively transmitting.
h Emergency lights -> single-battery-operated
Transmit test status of
the emergency lights
automatic on status change The status information of the electronic
ballast objects "Emergency operation
after read request
test start / status" can either be actively
transmitting or can be read out
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Software "DALI Gateway
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passively. The parameter "Transmit test
status of the emergency lights" provides
a global definition for all programmed
single-battery-operated emergency
lights of the Gateway, as to whether the
electronic ballast objects actively
transmit the individual status
automatically when there is a change to
the object value, or whether the values
can only be read out passively with a
read telegram. The object value
changes occurs after completion of a
manually-initiated or automaticallyexecuted function or continuous
operation test or after a completed
battery test or a limited continuous
operation test.
Transmit the test result
of the emergency lights
automatic at end of test
after read request
Test length of a limited
continuous operation
test
5 minutes
10 minutes
15 minutes
20 minutes
30 minutes
45 minutes
60 minutes
The value of the object "Feedback,
emergency operation test" can either be
actively transmitting or can be read out
passively. The parameter "Transmit test
result of the emergency lights" provides
a global definition for all programmed
single-battery-operated emergency
lights of the Gateway, as to whether the
electronic ballast objects actively
transmit the individual test results
automatically when there is a change to
the object value, or whether the values
can only be read out passively with a
read telegram. The object value
changes when there is a new valid test
result. This is the case after the
successful completion of a manuallyinitiated or automatically-executed
function or continuous operation test. A
completed battery test also produces a
new test result. In addition, at the
beginning of a restricted continuous
operation test, the current battery
charging state is tracked in the test
result.
The limited continuous operation test
primarily works like the continuous
operation test with the same test results,
with the difference that the Gateway
specifies the test length. In this
application, the Gateway activates and
terminates the continuous operation test
according to the user command via KNX
specification. This means that the test
can be reduced to a few minutes
provided that the technical conditions
are fulfilled (sufficient battery charging).
This parameter globally defines the
length of the limited continuous
operation test for all single-batteryoperated electronic ballasts.
Page 215 of 218
Appendix
5 Appendix
5.1 Index
A
Activating switch-off delay.. ................... 98
Addressing types.. ................................. 38
Automatic switch-off.. ............................ 96
B
brightness range.. .................................. 80
broadcast manual operation.. ................ 14
bus voltage failure.. ............................... 82
bus voltage return.. ................................ 83
C
Central function.. ................................... 79
Centrally-supplied DALI emergency .. 47
lighting systems
Collective feedback.. ............................. 69
commissioning adjustment.. ................. 154
Compatibility mode.. ............................. 152
continuous lighting.. ............................. 105
Controls and indicators.. ........................ 13
D
DALI device replacement.. .................... 78
DALI device type.. ................................. 46
DALI emergency lighting systems.. ....... 47
DALI groups.. ......................................... 54
DALI short-circuit.. ................................. 67
DALI system.. ........................................ 36
DALI test.. ............................................ 160
Delay time.. ............................................ 60
Delivery state.. ..................................... 166
Dimming characteristic.. ........................ 93
dimming speeds.. .................................. 93
E
effect run-throughs.. ............................. 123
effect steps.. .......................................... 55
effects.. .................................................. 55
Emergency Level.. ................................. 50
emergency lighting systems.. ................ 47
Emergency lights overall status.. ......... 127
Emergency lights system.. ................... 127
error status.. .......................................... 62
Error status.. .......................................... 63
ETS programming.. ............................... 82
ETS search paths.. ................................ 20
export.. ................................................... 56
G
group assignment.. ............................... 146
I
identification function.. .................. 143-144
Import.. .................................................. 56
K
KNX numbers.. ...................................... 56
M
mains voltage return.. ............................ 60
manual operation.. ................................. 75
maximum brightness.. ........................... 81
minimum brightness.. ............................ 80
O
Offline commissioning.. ........................ 157
operating hours counter.. ..................... 110
P
Performing a DALI device
.. 17
replacement
Power on level.. ..................................... 84
Print function.. ........................................ 59
Priorities.. ............................................... 14
R
Reset.. .................................................. 144
S
Safe-state mode.. .................................. 23
Scenes.. ................................................. 55
Setting a KNX effect number.. .............. 122
Setting a KNX scene number.. ............. 115
Setting disabling function.. ..................... 85
Setting forced position function.. ........... 86
Setting scene brightness values.. ........ 116
Setting the effect priority.. .................... 123
Setting the pre-warning function.. ........ 104
Setting the scene priority.. .................... 117
single device assignment.. ................... 150
single devices.. ...................................... 54
Soft ON/OFF.. ........................................ 98
Staircase function.. ............................... 101
Supplementary function.. ....................... 85
switch-off brightness.. ............................ 97
switch-on brightness.. ............................ 81
switch-on delay.. .................................... 98
System Failure Level.. ...................... 47, 83
Page 216 of 218
Appendix
T
telegram rate limit.. ................................ 60
Time delay.. ........................................... 60
Time delays.. ......................................... 98
Page 217 of 218
Appendix
Eelectron S.p.A.
Via Claudio monteverdi, 6
20025 Legnano (MI)
Italia
Telefono +39 0331500802
Fax +39 0331564826
www.eelectron.com
[email protected]
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