Dalstar DS-44-04M30 User`s manual

Dalstar DS-44-04M30 User`s manual
4M30
DS-44-04M30
DS-46-04M30
30 fps 2k x 2k
CCD Camera
User’s Manual and Reference
Doc #: 03-32-10030
Rev: 03
4M30 Camera User’s Manual
2
© 2002 DALSA. All information provided in this manual is believed to be accurate and reliable. No
responsibility is assumed by DALSA for its use. DALSA reserves the right to make changes to this
information without notice. Reproduction of this manual in whole or in part, by any means, is prohibited
without prior permission having been obtained from DALSA.
About DALSA
DALSA is an international high performance semiconductor and electronics company that designs,
develops, manufactures, and markets digital imaging products and solutions, in addition to providing
wafer foundry services. DALSA’s core competencies are in specialized integrated circuit and electronics
technology, and highly engineered semiconductor wafer processing. Products include image sensor
components; electronic digital cameras; and semiconductor wafer foundry services for use in MEMS,
power semiconductors, image sensors and mixed signal CMOS chips.
DALSA is a public company listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol “DSA”. Based in
Waterloo, On. Canada, the company has operations in Bromont, PQ; Colorado Springs, CO; Tucson, AZ;
Eindhoven, NL; Munich, Germany and Tokyo, Japan.
All DALSA products are manufactured using the latest state-of-the-art equipment to ensure product
reliability.
DALSTAR refers to all DALSA area scan products.
For further information not included in this manual, or for information on DALSA’s extensive line of
image sensing products, please contact us.
DALSA Sales Offices
Waterloo
605 McMurray Rd
Waterloo, ON N2V 2E9
Canada
Tel: 519 886 6000
Fax: 519 886 8023
www.dalsa.com
[email protected]
DALSA
Waterloo
Europe
Asia Pacific
605 McMurray Rd
Waterloo, ON N2V 2E9
Canada
Tel: 519 886 6000
Fax: 519 886 8023
www.dalsa.com
[email protected]
Breslauer Str. 34
D-82194 Gröbenzell
(Munich)
Germany
Tel: +49 - 8142 –
46770
Fax: +49 - 8142 –
467746
www.dalsa.com
[email protected]
Space G1 Building, 4F
2-40-2 Ikebukuro
Toshima-ku, Tokyo 1710014
Japan
+81 3 5960 6353
(phone)
+81 3 5960 6354 (fax)
www.dalsa.com
[email protected]
DALSA Worldwide Operations
Colorado
Tucson
Europe
Springs
5055 Corporate Plaza
Drive
Colorado Springs, CO
80919
USA
Tel: 719 599 7700
Fax: 719 599 7775
www.dalsa.com
[email protected]
3450 S. Broadmont Dr.
Suite #128
Tucson, AZ 85713-5245
USA
Tel: 520 791 7700
Fax: 520 791 7766
http://lifesciences.dalsa.
com
[email protected]
Breslauer Str. 34
D-82194 Gröbenzell
(Munich)
Germany
Tel: +49 - 8142 –
46770
Fax: +49 - 8142 –
467746
www.dalsa.com
[email protected]
Asia Pacific
Space G1 Building, 4F
2-40-2 Ikebukuro
Toshima-ku, Tokyo 1710014
Japan
+81 3 5960 6353
(phone)
+81 3 5960 6354 (fax)
www.dalsa.com
[email protected]
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Introduction to the 4M30 Camera ____________________________________________ 5
1.1 Camera Highlights ...................................................................................................................................................... 5
1.2 Image Sensor .............................................................................................................................................................. 6
1.3 Camera Performance Specifications............................................................................................................................ 7
Camera Hardware Interface ________________________________________________ 9
2.1 Installation Overview .................................................................................................................................................. 9
2.2 Input/Output ............................................................................................................................................................... 9
2.3 LED Status Indicators .................................................................................................................................................. 10
2.4 Power Input................................................................................................................................................................. 11
2.5 Data Output ................................................................................................................................................................ 12
2.6 Serial Communication................................................................................................................................................. 14
2.7 TTL Trigger Input and Output..................................................................................................................................... 16
2.8 Integration Time ......................................................................................................................................................... 18
2.9 Timing......................................................................................................................................................................... 18
Camera Operation ______________________________________________________ 20
3.1 How to Control the Camera......................................................................................................................................... 20
3.2 ADC Commands........................................................................................................................................................... 22
3.3 Clock Commands ......................................................................................................................................................... 22
3.4 Control Register Reference.......................................................................................................................................... 23
3.5 Reading the Camera Type........................................................................................................................................... 23
3.6 Reading the Firmware Revision.................................................................................................................................. 24
3.7 Resetting the ADC boards (“soft” reset)...................................................................................................................... 24
3.8 Resetting the Camera (“hard” reset) .......................................................................................................................... 24
3.9 Adjusting Gain ............................................................................................................................................................ 25
3.10 Adjusting User Offset ................................................................................................................................................ 26
3.11 Automatic Offset Control (AOC) ................................................................................................................................ 27
3.12 No Clean Mode.......................................................................................................................................................... 27
3.13 Triggering, Integration, and Frame Rate Overview ................................................................................................. 28
3.14 Controlling Integration (Shutter Time)..................................................................................................................... 28
3.15 Controlling Frame Rate............................................................................................................................................. 31
Optical and Mechanical Considerations ________________________________________ 34
4.1 Mechanical Interface ................................................................................................................................................... 34
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4.2 Mechanical Tolerances ................................................................................................................................................ 35
4.3 Mounting the Camera ................................................................................................................................................. 35
Cleaning and Maintenance ________________________________________________ 36
5.1 Cleaning...................................................................................................................................................................... 36
5.2 Maintenance................................................................................................................................................................ 38
Troubleshooting ________________________________________________________ 39
Warranty _____________________________________________________________ 40
7.1 Limited One-Year Warranty........................................................................................................................................ 40
Appendix A ___________________________________________________________ 41
LVDS (EIA-644) Reference................................................................................................................................................ 41
Index _______________________________________________________________ 44
DALSA
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1.1 Camera Highlights
Features
•
2048 x 2048 resolution, full-frame CCD architecture
•
30 fps four output, 4x40 MHz data rate
•
True 12-bit digitization
•
High sensitivity with low dark current
•
Progressive scan readout
•
Asynchronous image capture, externally triggerable to within 175 ns.
•
Programmable operation via RS232, including gain (1x – 10x), offset (±full scale), and
triggering
•
100% fill factor
•
DS-44-04M30 is the standard 4M30 camera
•
DS-46-04M30 has a sensor with taped on coverglass
Description
The 4M30 digital camera provides high-sensitivity 12-bit images with 2k x 2k spatial
resolution at up to 30 frames per second (fps). The 4M30 is a full frame CCD camera using
a progressive scan CCD to simultaneously achieve outstanding resolution and gray scale
characteristics. A square pixel format and high fill factor provide superior, quantifiable
image quality even at low light levels.
Applications
The 4M30 is an outstanding performer in fast, very high resolution applications. True 12
bit performance provides up to 4096 distinct gray levels—perfect for applications with
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large interscene light variations. The low-noise, digitized video signal also makes the
camera an excellent choice where low contrast images must be captured in challenging
applications.
1.2 Image Sensor
This section is not
applicable to part
number DS-46-04M30
The 4M30 uses DALSA’s IA-DA-2048 high-performance full-frame CCD.
Figure 1. IA-DA-2048 Image Sensor Block Diagram
Table 1. IA-DA-2048 Sensor Structure
Sensor characteristics
Optical size
24.576mm (H) x 24.576 mm (V)
Chip size
26.860 mm (H) x 26.508 mm (V)
Pixel size
12µm x 12µm
Active pixels
4 * [1024 (H) x 1024 (V)]
Total number of pixels
2096 (H) x 2060 (V)
Optical black pixels
Left: 20 Right: 20
Timing pixels
Left: 4 Right: 4
Dummy register cells
Left: 7 Right: 7
Optical black lines
Bottom: 6 Top: 6
Table 2. IA-DA-2048 Sensor Cosmetic Specifications
DALSA
Specification
Grade 02
a) Number of first and last columns excluded
16
b) Number of first and last rows excluded
16
c) Maximum quantity of single pixel blemishes
unspecified
d) Maximum quantity of cluster blemishes
75
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Specification
Grade 02
e) Maximum size of clusters (adjacent pixels)
30
f) Blemish pixel deviation from VFLL* under illumination
>10% <45%
g) Blemish pixel deviation from average dark level, measured at dark
>20mV
Notes:
*VFLL is defined as the output signal under broadband quartz tungsten halogen light
2
with an irradiance of 4.08µW/cm .
1. All sensors are tested in four output mode – 1x gain.
2. Blemish variations are measured over an entire frame of data and counted within the
frame boundaries defined by a) and b).
3. Blemishes are defined as a pixel or group of pixels with an output as defined in f) or
g).
4. Clusters are defined as a pixel or group of pixel blemishes, and are allowed, provided
they are smaller or equal to the sizes specified in e).
2
5. Illuminated blemish analysis done at 70% of VFLL (2.86µW/cm ).
6. Column and row defects not permitted.
7. Better than grade 02 sensors may be available. Please contact DALSA sales if
interested.
1.3 Camera Performance Specifications
Table 3: 4M30 Camera Performance Specifications
Physical
Characteristics
Units
Notes
Resolution
H x V pixels
2048x2048
Pixel Size
µm
12x12
Pixel Fill Factor
%
100
Size
mm
146x92x14
3
Mass
kg
1.3
Power Dissipation
W
< 24
Lens Mount
Aperture
mm
24.6 x 24.6
Operating Ranges
Units
Min.
Frame Rate
Fps
Data Rate
MHz
Data Format
LVDS
Responsivity
DALSA
F mount
Max.
30
4*40
4*40
4*12 bit
2
DN/(nJ/cm )
[email protected]
4
Operating Temp
°C
10
40
+15 Input Voltage
V
+14.925
+15.075
+5 Input Voltage
V
+4.975
+5.025
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Physical
Characteristics
Units
-5 Input Voltage
V
Notes
Nominal Gain Range
- 4.975
- 5.025
1x
10x
Calibration
Conditions
Units
Setting
Min.
Max.
Data Rate
MHz
4x40
4x40
4x40
+15 Input Voltage
V
+15
+14.925
+15.075
+5 Input Voltage
V
+5
+4.975
+5.025
-5 Input Voltage
V
- 5
- 4.975
- 5.025
Ambient Temperature
°C
25
Gain
X
1x
Electro-Optical
Specifications
Units
Min.
Typical
Max.
Dynamic Range
dB
64.0
67.0
Pixel Response NonUniformity
%rms
2.0
3.0
System Noise
DN(rms)
2.1
2.4
1
2, 4
Notes:
1. Dynamic Range = 20 * log10[(Counts @ Full Well)/Read Noise]
2. PRNU = [[[STDEV(100 frames @ saturation)/(MEAN @ saturation)]-Dark Offset(in
darkness)]*100
-
-
3. System Noise = Read Noise (e )/Gain (e /DN) dark measurement
4. Specification not applicable to the DS-45-04M30 due to Lumogen coated sensor
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2.1 Installation Overview
In order to set up your camera, you should take these initial steps:
This installation
overview assumes you
have not installed any
system components yet.
1.
Power down all equipment.
2.
Following the manufacturer’s instructions, install the frame grabber (if applicable). Be
sure to observe all static precautions.
3.
Install any necessary imaging software.
4.
Before connecting power to the camera, test all power supplies. Ensure that all the correct
voltages are present at the camera end of the power cable (Refer to the Camera Performance
Specifications on page 7). Power supplies must meet the requirements defined in
section 2.4 Power Input.
5.
Inspect all cables and connectors prior to installation. Do not use damaged cables or
connectors or the camera may be damaged.
6.
Connect data, serial interface, and power cables.
7.
After connecting cables, apply power to the camera. The POST (power on self test)
LED on the back of the camera should glow green after one second to indicate that
the camera is operating and ready to receive commands.
2.2 Input/Output
The camera provides 12-bit LVDS data and synchronization signals through the data
output connector. Camera functions such as integration time, camera gain and offset are
all controllable by the user via the RS232 serial port. The camera is capable of free running
operation or may be triggered externally via the input TRIGGER IN. TRIGGER OUT
allows the synchronization of shutters or illumination sources in free running or
externally triggered modes.
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Figure 2: Camera Inputs/Outputs
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2.3 LED Status Indicators
There are four LED's visible on the rear cover of the camera that indicate the camera’s
status.
Table 4: LED Functions
DALSA
LED
Label
Color
LED “ON”
LED “OFF”
ON
Green
Camera is receiving power
No camera power
POST
Green
Camera Power On Self Test successful
Camera failed Power On Self
Test
BIN
Green
Not Operational
Not Operational
MODE
Green
Camera is in an external trigger mode
(uses external signal to trigger image
capture)
Camera is triggering image
capture internally
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2.4 Power Input
Table 5: Power Connector Pinout
!
WARNING: It is extremely
important that you apply
the appropriate voltages to
your camera. Incorrect
voltages will damage the
camera.
Pin
Symbol
1
+5V
9
1
The camera has the following input power
requirements:
2
+5V
V
3
- 5V
(DC)
4
+15V
5
NC
6
NC
7
GND
8
GND
9
+5V
10
- 5V
11
+15V
12
+15V
13
NC
14
GND
15
GND
15
8
DB15M
(AMP Part # 747236-4
or equivalent)
r%
Max
Ripple
mV
A
+15
.0.5
< 50
0.5
+5
0.5
< 50
3.7
-5
0.5
< 50
0.8
Note: Performance specifications are not
guaranteed if your power supply does not
meet these requirements.
DALSA offers a linear power supply
(with cables) that meets the 4M30’s
requirements (Universal Power Supply,
part number 24-00001-02, contact DALSA
for more information), but it should not
be considered the only choice. Many high
quality supplies are available from other
vendors. DALSA assumes no
responsibility for the use of these
supplies.
When setting up the camera’s power supplies, follow these guidelines:
x Do not connect or disconnect cable while power is on.
x Do not use the shield on a multi-conductor cable for ground.
x Keep leads as short as possible to reduce voltage drop.
x Use high-quality linear supplies to minimize noise.
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2.5 Data Output
Figure 3 illustrates the data channel outputs when viewed from the front of the CCD.
Arrows indicate channel read out direction.
Figure 3: Channel read out direction
The camera back panel output connectors DATA1, DATA 2, DATA 3, and DATA 4 utilize
differential LVDS signals with pin assignments described in Table 6.
Connector and Pinout
Table 6: DATA Connector Pinout
Pin
Symbol
Pin
Symbol
Pin
Symbol
Pin
Symbol
1
D*0+
16
Reserved
31
NC
46
GND
2
D*0-
17
D*7+
32
NC
47
NC
3
D*1+
18
D*7-
33
NC
48
NC
4
D*1-
19
D*8+
34
NC
49
NC
5
D*2+
20
D*8-
35
NC
50
NC
6
D*2-
21
D*9+
36
NC
51
NC
7
D*3+
22
D*9-
37
NC
52
NC
8
D*3-
23
D*10+
38
NC
53
Reserved
9
D*4+
24
D*10-
39
NC
54
Reserved
10
D*4-
25
D*11+
40
NC
55
VSYNC-
11
D*5+
26
D*11-
41
NC
56
VSYNC+
12
D*5-
27
NC
42
NC
57
HSYNC-
13
D*6+
28
NC
43
NC
58
HSYNC+
14
D*6-
29
NC
44
NC
59
PIXCLK-
15
Reserved
30
NC
45
GND
60
PIXCLK+
16 15
46 45
60
31
30
1
(Molex Part #
70928-2000
or equivalent)
NC = No Connect. These pins are unused.
DALSA
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4M30 Camera User’s Manual
!
13
WARNING. Care must be taken when connecting data cables to the camera to insure proper
connection and to prevent damage to the connector.
Data Signals
Table 7: Data Signal Definition
IMPORTANT:
This camera uses the
TOZZW\Uedge of the pixel
clock to register data.
Signal
Description
D*0+, D*0-
Data bit 0 true and complement—Output. (Least significant
bit.)
D*1+, D*1-
Data bit 1 true and complement—Output.
D*2+, D*2-
Data bit 2 true and complement—Output.
D*3-D*10+,- etc.
Etc.
D*11+, D*11-
Data bit 11 true and complement—Output. (Most significant
bit.)
Digitized video data is output from the camera as LVDS differential signals using 4
Molex 60-pin connectors on the rear panel (labeled “DATA 1 through DATA 4”). The
data is synchronous and is accompanied by a pixel clock and clocking signals.
Data Clocking Signals
Table 8: Clock Signal Descriptions
Signal
Description
PIXCLK+,
PIXCLK-
Pixel clock true and complement. 40MHz—Output.
Data is valid on the falling edge.
HSYNC+,
HSYNC-
Horizontal sync, true and complement—Output.
HSYNC high indicates the camera is outputting a valid line of data.
VSYNC+,
VSYNC-
Vertical sync, true and complement—Output.
VSYNC high indicates the camera is outputting a valid frame of data.
2.6 Serial Communication
Connector and Pinout
The serial interface provides control of frame rate, integration time (shuttering), video
gain and offset, external trigger and external integration. For information on how to
control these functions, see Camera Operation, beginning on page 20. The remote
interface consists of a two-wire (plus ground) full duplex RS-232 compatible serial link,
used for camera configuration, and two back panel SMA coax connectors used for
external trigger input and output.
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The camera uses an RJ-11 telephone-style connector for serial
communications, with four conductors installed in a sixposition connector. Note that both four- and six- conductor
plugs may be used interchangeably with the RJ-11 jack.
IMPORTANT: Both the PC/AT and the camera are configured
as “DTE” (Data Terminal Equipment) devices requiring the
TXD and RXD lines to be swapped when interconnecting
the two (note that pin 4, normally the yellow wire, is not
used on the RJ-11.) That is, the TXD pin represents DATA
OUT and the RXD pin represents DATA IN on both
devices, so that one device’s TXD line must connect to the
other device’s RXD line and vice-versa.
14
GND
TXD
RXD
RJ-11
View into female jack
6-position with 4 conductors
Figure 4: 25 Pin Serial Port Connector to Camera RJ-11 Connector
Figure 5: 9 Pin Serial Port Connector to Camera RJ-11 Connector
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Serial Communication Settings
Table 9: Serial Port Configuration
Serial Port Configuration
Baud
9600, fixed
Start bits
1
Data bits
8
Stop bits
1
Parity
None
The serial interface operates at RS-232 levels with fixed parameters of 9600 baud, 1 start
bit, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, and no parity. The interface uses only three wires, for received
data, transmitted data, and ground. In general writing data must start with a write
command byte and be followed by a data byte. Reading a camera register requires only a
single read command byte.
!
WARNING: Due to initialization sequencing after power-up, no commands should be sent
to the camera for a minimum of 1 second after power up.
The remote interface connector, on the
cameras rear panel, is specified as a lowprofile RJ-11 modular connector. The
connector is a 6-position model, but only the
center four positions are populated with
contacts. It will mate with either the 4position or 6-position cable plugs. This type
of connector typically requires special
assembly tools; complete cable assemblies are
available from suppliers such as Digi-Key:
Serial Cable Source
Digi-Key
701 Brooks Ave. South
Thief River Falls, MN 56701
1-800-344-4539
cable part number:
H2643-14-ND (14 feet)
DALSA provides serial cables in 3 lengths: 10’, 20’ and 50’. Part number CL-31-00004xx (where xx refers to the cable length in feet).
2.7 TTL Trigger Input and Output
Connector
The camera uses an SMA connector (labeled TRIGGER IN) to allow the user to provide a
standard TTL signal to control camera integration and readout. The input is high
impedance (>10.5K), allowing the user to terminate at the SMA input as needed. The
camera has another SMA connector (TRIGGER OUT) that provides a standard TTL
output which is high whenever the camera is integrating.
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Figure 6: Trigger Timing Description
2.8 Integration Time
The minimum integration time (or shutter time) is 10 Ps. As with any full frame imager,
the camera will continue to integrate during read out unless externally shuttered or
strobed.
2.9 Timing
The 4M30 pixel clock runs at 40 MHz, so each pixel clock cycle will be 1/40,000,000 or 25ns.
The following diagram and tables describe the correct timing requirements for the 4M30
camera.
Figure 7: 4M30 Timing
VSYN C
H SYN C
A
D a ta
B
C
1
2
3
D
E
F
C
P IX E L
CLOCK
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“A” represents the number of falling clock edges from the rising edge of VSYNC to the
rising edge of HSYNC.
“B” represents the number of falling clock edges prior to the first word. (Pre-Scan pixels)
“C” represents the number of words per line.
“D” represents the number of falling clock edges between the last word and the falling
edge of HSYNC. (Post-Scan pixels)
“E” represents the number of falling clock edges between a falling HSYNC and a rising
HSYNC.
“F” represents the number of falling clock edges from the falling edge of HSYNC to the
falling edge of VSYNC
Table 10: HSYNC Pixel Timing
IMPORTANT:
This camera uses the
TOZZW\Uedge of the pixel
clock to register data.
DALSA
Horizontal
Binning Mode
A
B
C
D
E
F
1x
213
18
1024
18
196
2
Table 11: VSYNC Pixel Timing (HSYNC falling edges/VSYNC falling edge)
Vertical
Binning Mode
Pre-Scan
Lines/Frame
Active
Lines/Frame
Post Scan
Lines/Frame
1x
6
1024
0
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3.1 How to Control the Camera
The 4M30’s RS-232-compatible serial interface allows you to control its configuration and
operation, including:
•
Triggering Mode
•
Frame Rate
•
Integration Time
•
Gain
•
Offset
•
Reset
Command Protocol Overview
The camera accepts 8-bit command/value pairs
via its RJ-11 serial port using RS-232 compatible
signals.
Camera commands are divided into two basic
sets:
DALSA
Serial Port Configuration
Baud
9600, fixed
Start bits
1
Data bits
8
Stop bits
1
•
“clock” commands which apply to the
Parity
None
electronics that drive the image sensor. These
include clock generation, frame rate,
integration time, and binning. Clock commands effect the entire camera, and are not
channel specific. A single command will impact all channels.
•
“ADC” commands which apply to the electronics that process and digitize the video.
These include gain and offset. ADC commands are channel specific. Four separate
commands must be issued to change all four channels.
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•
19
Each set of commands includes read and write variants. With the exception of reset
commands, all 8-bit write commands must be followed by an 8-bit data byte. The
commands are interpreted as follows:
Table 12: ADC Bit Definitions
!
Bit
Function
0:3
Command Register Address (Reference
Table 12)
4:5
ADC Board Address
00 = ADC Channel 1
01 = ADC Channel 2
10 = ADC Channel 3
11 = ADC Channel 4
6
Command Type
0 = Write
1 = Read
7
Board Type
0 = ADC Board
1 = Clock Board
•
Any commands not listed in this manual should be considered invalid to the 4M30
user.
•
A number of functions and modes depend on the ADC/Control Register settings.
These settings are detailed in the following sections.
•
The “Write Control Register” command is used to write data that controls specific
camera triggering and test functions. This command must be followed by a data byte
with bits defined in Table 15.
•
The “Read” command allows interrogation of the camera to determine current
configuration.
WARNING: Any commands not listed should be considered invalid. Writing to invalid
addresses may overwrite camera calibration information, requiring the camera to be
returned for recalibration.
WARNING: Due to initialization sequencing after power-up, no commands should be
sent to the camera for a minimum of 1 second after power up.
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20
3.2 ADC Commands
Table 13: Summary of ADC Commands
Control
* Reference Table 11 for
appropriate entry
Write Command
Read Command
Hex
Binary
Hex
Binary
ADC Board
Soft Reset
*0h
00** 0000
NA
User Offset
*2h
00** 0010
*3h
User Gain
AOC
Channel
Function
NA
1,2,3,4
Resets ADC board
only
*2h
01** 0010
1,2,3,4
LS byte of 16 bit
user controllable
offset
00** 0011
*3h
01** 0011
1,2,3,4
MS byte of 16 bit
user controllable
offset
*5h
00** 0101
*5h
01** 0101
1,2,3,4
LS byte of 16 bit
gain
*6h
00** 0110
*6h
01** 0110
1,2,3,4
MS byte of 16 bit
gain
*8h
00** 1000
NA
NA
1,2,3,4
AOC Adjustment
Channel
Function
3.3 Clock Commands
Table 14: Summary of Clock Commands
Control
Write Command
Read Command
Hex
Binary
Hex
Binary
Reset
Camera
80h
1000 0000
NA
NA
1,2,3,4
Resets all registers
to default values
Read
Camera
Type
NA
NA
C3h
1100 0011
1,2,3,4
Returns Camera ID
register (4Bh)
Read
Firmware
Rev
NA
NA
C5h
1100 0101
1,2,3,4
Returns Firmware
revision register
Control
Register
82h
1000 0010
C2h
1100 0010
1,2,3,4
Control Register
settings
Integration
Time
8Ah
1000 1010
NA
NA
NA
Write byte 0 of 18
bit integration time
8Bh
1000 1011
NA
NA
NA
Write byte 1 of 18
bit integration time
8Ch
1000 1100
NA
NA
NA
Write byte 2 of 18
bit integration time
8Dh
1000 1101
NA
NA
NA
Write byte 0 of 18
bit frame rate time
8Eh
1000 1110
NA
NA
NA
Write byte 1 of 18
bit frame rate time
8Fh
1000 1111
NA
NA
NA
Write byte 2 of 18
bit frame rate time
Frame Rate
DALSA
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3.4 Control Register Reference
Table 15: Control Register Bit Definitions
Register
Write
Command
Read
Command
Bit
Function
Default
Control
Register
82h
C2h
7
Integration Mode
0=Internal
1=External
1
6:4
Always 0
000
3
Trigger Mode
0=Internal
1=External
0
2
No Clean Mode
(External Integration
Only)
0 = Camera flushes
charge between
frames
1 = Charge is not
flushed
1
1
Always 0
0
0
Serial Trigger Bit
0
3.5 Reading the Camera Type
This read command returns an 8-bit value unique to the type of camera interrogated. A
4M30 will return a value of 4Bh when this command is issued. This is useful for
applications that need to function with multiple DALSTAR camera types.
Example: Read the camera type
DALSA
Command
Value Returned
(4M30)
Binary
1100 0011
0100 1011
Hex
C3h
4Bh
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3.6 Reading the Firmware Revision
This command returns a byte in which the lower nibble is the revision number for the
clock board firmware and the upper nibble is undefined. The ability to read this value
may assist in customer support issues.
Example: Read the firmware version
Command
Binary
1100 0101
Hex
C5h
3.7 Resetting the ADC boards (“soft” reset)
When this command is issued, the microprocessor on the ADC board will restart
execution as if the micro was just powered up. This causes the dark reference control loop
to restart at its initial values before settling in to the calibrated dark reference level of
approximately 50 counts. This is useful because under some conditions, issuing a soft
reset to the ADC board’s microprocessor after camera operating conditions have changed
will improve the rate at which the offset control loop pulls into the calibrated level.
This is one of only two “write” commands that are not followed by a data byte.
Example
Use this command to reset ADC Channel 3:
Command
Value
Binary
0010 0000
-
Hex
20h
-
3.8 Resetting the Camera (“hard” reset)
This is the only other “write” command that is not followed by a data byte. This
command resets all clock board registers to their default values (the values used at
power-up).
Example
Use this command to reset the camera:
DALSA
Command
Value
Binary
1000 0000
-
Hex
80h
-
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Table 16: Default values in effect after reset
Feature
4M30 Default
Frame Rate (fps)
External Cntrl
Integration Time (ms)
External Cntrl
Video Gain
1x
Pixel Offset
50 DN
Trigger Mode
External
Integration Control
External
Data Rate (MHz)
4x40
3.9 Adjusting Gain
Video gain is adjustable from 1.0 to 10.0 by writing a 16 bit value as an MS and LS byte
(only the 14 most significant bits of this value are actually used). The amplifier used for
gain control has a ranger of 40 dB, which equates to an adjustment increment of 0.00244
14
dB (40dB/2 ). The camera gain value is calculated according to the following equation:
Value # 27306*log10(Gain)
Where 1.0 d Gain d 10.0
Example: Set Channel 1 to 2.5x Gain
Use these command/value pairs set the camera to 2.5x gain (you must write both MSB
and LSB values to all four ADC channels).
Value
# 27306 u log10(2.5)
Value
= 10866
= 2A72h
Write MSB
Command
DALSA
Write LSB
Value
Command
Value
Binary
0000 0110
0010 1010
0000 0101
0111 0010
Hex
06h
2Ah
05h
72h
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Reading Channel 3 Gain from the Camera
To read the gain setting from the camera, use these commands:
Read
MSB
Read LSB
Binary
0110 0110
0110 0101
Hex
66h
65h
3.10 Adjusting User Offset
User offset is adjustable from minus full scale to plus full scale (±4095) by a 16 bit value as
an MS and LS byte (only the 14 most significant bits of this value are actually used). There
are 4 ADC video boards in the 4M30 and each can be controlled independently.
Normally, the same value will be written to all four channels. The value is calculated
according to the following equation:
Value # 218 u Offset/Gain
Where Offset is in counts and –4095 d Offset d 4095
And 1 d Gain d 10 and is defined as above.
This means that the offset is dependent on the gain and can be adjusted with a resolution
of 0.5 x Gain (in DN counts).
Example: Set Channel 2 to 20 DN Offset @ 2.5x Gain
Use these command/value pairs set the camera to an offset of 20 DN at a gain of 2.5 (you
must write both MSB and LSB values).
Value
# 218 u 20/2.5
Value
= 1744
= 06D0h
Write MSB
Binary
Hex
DALSA
Write LSB
Command
Value
Command
Value
0001 0011
0000 0110
0001 0010
1101 0000
06h
12h
D0h
13h
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The read user offset commands allow the user to read back this information from the
camera.
Reading Channel 4 Offset from the Camera
To read Channel 4 offset setting from the camera, use these commands:
Read MSB
Read LSB
Binary
0111 0011
0111 0010
Hex
73h
72h
3.11 Automatic Offset Control (AOC)
The AOC defines the digitized value of black for the camera. An ideal camera (no dark
current, no shot noise, etc.) in total darkness produces an image with all pixels equal to
the AOC set point value. This command allows you to control the AOC set point of the
ADC video board. The four ADC video boards in the 4M30 can each be controlled
independently. Normally all channels are controlled with the same set point value. The
default value is 50 DNs, or counts.
Example: Set the Channel 2 AOC Set Point to 32 DNs
Value
= 32
= 20h
Command
Value
Binary
0001 1000
0010 0000
Hex
18h
20
3.12 No Clean Mode
There is no way to prevent the CCD imager from integrating (accumulating charge due to
light falling on the imager). Under some conditions this will cause the image to show
smearing in the vertical direction, and increase Dark Current. In order to reduce this
effect, the 4M30 camera runs horizontal and vertical clocks during idle time to flush the
charge. Under some conditions, this feature may be undesirable. For example, when
wanting to synchronize camera integration to an external event in the External
Integration Mode. Under these conditions, the user can enable the No Clean Mode by
setting bit [2] in the Control Register = 1. No Clean Mode can only be enabled when in
Programmed Integration Mode (bit [7] of the Control Register =1)
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Example: Enable No Clean Mode
Command
Value
Binary
1000 0010
1*** *1**
Hex
82h
**h
Note: The register containing the No Clean bit also controls other configuration data (*).
All bits must be set appropriately.
3.13 Triggering, Integration, and Frame Rate
Overview
Image capture triggering, integration, and frame rate are closely related.
• Integration time can be less than 1/frame rate, but it can never be greater than
1/frame rate.
•
You can program fixed integration (or use default) and let the camera “free run.”
•
You can program fixed integration time and supply a (asynchronous) trigger signal
to control frame rate by supplying a TTL pulse on the SMA connector. This is
referred to as “Programmed Integration/External Trigger Mode.”
•
You can also have the camera integrate as long as an asynchronous TTL pulse is held
high. This pulse will therefore control both integration time and frame rate. This is
also known as “External Integrate Mode.”
For a given frame rate, the maximum integration time is limited to the frame period less
an overhead factor required for proper operation of the CCD. Maximum integration time
is defined by this equation:
Max Integration Time = (1/Frame Rate) – 32.35 ms
This equation is valid for all modes, free running, external trigger and external integrate
modes.
!
WARNING: Do not set integration time higher than the limits of the equation above.
Unpredictable operation may result
3.14 Controlling Integration (Shutter Time)
The 4M30 allows you to control integration (also known as exposure time or shutter time)
in these ways.
DALSA
•
Programmed Integration/Free Running: (default) The camera free runs with the
internally programmed integration time and frame rate
•
Programmed Integration/SMA Trigger: The camera will integrate for the internally
programmed time when triggered by a high going TTL pulse on the SMA connector.
•
Programmed Integration/Serial trigger: The camera will integrate for the internally
programmed time when triggered by a high going Serial Trigger signal.
•
External Integration/SMA Trigger: The camera will integrate as long as the TTL
pulse on the TRIGGER IN SMA connector is high. The integration time is effectively
the input pulse width. In this mode, TRIGGER IN also controls the frame rate.
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27
External Integration/Serial Trigger: The camera will integrate as long as the Serial
Trigger signal is held high. The integration time is effectively the input pulse width.
In this mode, the serial signal also controls the frame rate. Due to variation in the host
operating system, this mode is generally used only for camera setup and functional
testing.
The register settings required for each mode are defined in Table 17: Integration/Trigger
Modes.
Table 17: Integration/Trigger Modes
Mode
Control Register
Bit [7]
INTEGRATE
Control Register
Bit [3]
EXT Trigger
Programmed Integration/Free Running
0
0
Programmed Integration/SMA Trigger
0
1
Programmed Integration/Serial Trigger
0
1
External Integration/SMA Trigger
1
1
External Integration/Serial Trigger
1
1
Whenever the Integrate Mode or External Trigger Mode bits are set the MODE LED on
the right side of the rear cover will light to indicate that an externally synchronized mode
is active.
Free Running (Programmed Integration):
The camera speed is controlled by writing a 3-byte integration time value (in µs) to the
three Integration Time registers. These three bytes are then combined to form a 24 bit
integration time. The number represents the integer number of microseconds the camera
will collect light. The number programmed in the three registers should not be below 10
PS (0000Ah). The camera will run at maximum speed for the programmed integration
time.
Example: Set integration time to 10ms
With an internal integration time of 10 ms, the camera will operate at 23.6 fps.
1/Frame Rate
= 10 ms + 32.35 ms
= 42.35 ms
1.
Using the command 82h, set bit [7] of the data byte to 0 (Integration Mode = Internal)
and bit [3] of the data byte to 0 (Trigger Mode = Internal).
NOTE: All bits within the register are written at one time. Ensure the correct value for
all bits are used when changing camera modes.
2.
Use commands 8Ah, 8Bh, 8Ch to set the 24-bit integration time value.
Value
= 10 ms
= 10000 µs
= 002710h
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Write Integration LS
Byte
Write Integration
Center Byte
Write Integration MS
Byte
Command
Value
Command
Value
Command
Value
Binary
1000 1010
0001 0000
1000 1011
0010 0111
1000 1100
0000 0000
Hex
8Ah
10h
8Bh
27h
8Ch
00h
Programmed Integration/SMA Trigger
For external SMA controlled triggering with a programmed integration time, a TTL rising
edge on TRIGGER IN connector triggers the camera to acquire one frame of data.
Integration begins within 175 ns after the rising edge and stops when the programmed
integration time has completed. After that single frame acquisition, the camera outputs
the just acquired frame and “re-arms”, thus waiting for a new External Trigger signal to
trigger a new frame acquisition. The camera is “armed” when the read out of the
acquired frame is completed. No additional rising edges, or triggers, should be allowed during
the image acquisition or frame read out.
When the camera is in External Trigger Mode, the MODE LED will be illuminated on the
camera back to indicate the camera is expecting a signal on the TRIGGER IN connector or
Serial Trigger bit [0] of the Control Register.
Because this signal is internally OR’ed with the Serial Trigger bit [0] of the Control
Register, care must be taken to ensure the bit [0] of the Control Register is not changed
from logic 0 to 1 while triggering with the TRIGGER IN connector.
Programmed Integration/Serial Trigger
For external serial controlled triggering with a programmed integration time, a TTL rising
edge on bit [0] of the Control Register triggers the camera to acquire one frame of data.
Integration begins within 175 ns after the rising edge and stops when the programmed
integration time has completed. After that single frame acquisition, the camera outputs
the just acquired frame and “re-arms”, thus waiting for a new External Trigger signal to
trigger a new frame acquisition. The camera is “armed” when the read out of the
acquired frame is completed. No additional rising edges, or triggers, should be allowed during
the image acquisition or frame read out.
When the camera is in External Trigger Mode, the MODE LED will be illuminated on the
camera back to indicate the camera is expecting a signal on serial bit [0] of the Control
Register, or the TRIGGER IN connector.
Because this signal is internally OR’ed with the TRIGGER IN input, care must be taken to
ensure the TRIGGER IN signal is not changed from logic 0 to 1 while triggering with bit
[0] of the Control Register.
External Integration/SMA Trigger
When in External Integration/SMA mode, a TTL rising edge on the TRIGGER IN signal
triggers the camera to acquire one frame of data. Integration begins within 175 ns after
the rising edge and stops within 200 ns after the falling edge. After that single frame
acquisition, the camera outputs the just acquired frame and “re-arms”, thus waiting for a
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new External Trigger signal to trigger a new frame acquisition. The camera is “armed”
when the read out of the acquired frame is completed. No additional rising edges, or
triggers, should be allowed during the image acquisition or frame read out. This means in this
mode TRIGGER IN necessarily controls both integration and frame rate.
When the camera is in External Integration Mode, the MODE LED will be illuminated on
the camera back to indicate the camera is expecting a signal on the TRIGGER IN
connector or Serial Trigger bit [0] of the Control Register.
Because this signal is internally OR’ed with the Serial Trigger bit [0] of the Control
Register, care must be taken to ensure the bit [0] of the Control Register is not changed
from logic 0 to 1 while triggering with the TRIGGER IN connector.
External Integration/Serial Trigger
When in External Integration/Serial mode, a TTL rising edge on bit [0] of the Control
Register triggers the camera to acquire one frame of data. Due to variation in the host
operating system, this mode is generally used only for camera setup and functional
testing. Integration begins within 175 ns after the rising edge and stops within 200 ns after
the falling edge. After that single frame acquisition, the camera outputs the just acquired
frame and “re-arms”, thus waiting for a new External Trigger signal to trigger a new
frame acquisition. The camera is “armed” when the read out of the acquired frame is
completed. No additional rising edges, or triggers, should be allowed during the image
acquisition or frame read out. This means in this mode TRIGGER IN necessarily controls
both integration and frame rate.
When the camera is in External Integration Mode, the MODE LED will be illuminated on
the camera back to indicate the camera is expecting a signal on serial bit [0] of the Control
Register, or the TRIGGER IN connector.
Because this signal is internally OR’ed with the TRIGGER IN input, care must be taken to
ensure the TRIGGER IN signal is not changed from logic 0 to 1 while triggering with bit
[0] of the Control Register.
3.15 Controlling Frame Rate
The 4M30 allows you to control frame rate in three ways:
DALSA
•
Free Running (Programmed Integration time): The camera free runs with the
internally programmed integration time which can be used to set frame rate.
•
External Trigger/Internal Integration: The camera frame rate will be controlled by
the TTL pulse on the TRIGGER IN SMA connector or serial bit [0] of the Control
Register. The camera will integrate for the programmed integration time. For more
information, refer to section 3.14 Controlling Integration Mode.
•
External Integration: The camera frame rate will be controlled by the TTL pulse on
the TRIGGER IN SMA connector or serial bit [0] of the Control Register. The camera
will integrate for as long as the pulse is held high. In this mode, TRIGGER IN also
controls integration. For more information, refer to section 3.14 Controlling
Integration Mode.
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Free Running
Frame Rate can only be controlled by setting integration time.
To specify programmed frame rate (by using integration time):
1.
Set bit [7] of the Control Register to 0 (Integrate Mode = Internal), and bit [3] of the
Control Register to 0 (Trigger Mode = Internal). To determine the integration time
needed for a specific frame rate use the following equation:
Integration Time = (1/Frame rate) - 32.35ms
2.
Write the 3-byte Integration value (in µs) to the three Integration registers. These
three bytes are then combined to form a 24 bit frame Integration time. The number
programmed in the three registers should not be below 10 PS (0000Ah), or above the
calculated value noted in section 3.13 Triggering, Integration, and Frame Rate
Overview.
3.
Using the command 82h, set bit [7] of the data byte to 0 (Integration Mode = Internal)
and bit [3] of the data byte to 0 (Trigger Mode = Internal).
NOTE: All bits within the register are written at one time. Ensure the correct value for
all bits are used when changing camera modes.
4.
Use commands 8Ah, 8Bh, 8Ch to set the 24-bit Integration time value.
Value
= 1/25s –32.35ms
= 4650 µs
= 00122Ah
Write Frame Rate LS
Byte
Write Frame Rate
Center Byte
Write Frame Rate MS
Byte
Command
Value
Command
Value
Command
Value
Binary
1000 1010
0010 1010
1000 1011
0001 0010
1000 1100
0000 0000
Hex
8Ah
2Ah
8Bh
12h
8Ch
00h
External Trigger/Programmed Integration
This is the same as Programmed Integration/SMA Trigger Mode or Programmed
Integration/Serial Trigger Mode. Reference to section 3.14 Controlling Integration Mode.
Example: Set the Frame Rate to 2.5 fps
1.
Refer to section 3.13 Triggering, Integration, and Frame Rate Overview to ensure that
the desired frame rate can be supported for the selected binning and integration
modes.
2.
Using the command 81h, set bit [0] of the data byte to 0 (Integration Mode = Internal)
and bit [3] of the data byte to 1 (Trigger Mode = External).
NOTE: All bits within the register are written at one time. Ensure the correct value for
all bits are used when changing camera modes.
3.
DALSA
Set the desired integration time per section 3.14 – Controlling Integration.
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4.
31
Each TTL rising edge on the SMA connector or serial bit [0] of the Control Register
will initiate a new frame of data, using the programmed integration time. To achieve
2.5 fps, a TTL pulse must be sent to the camera every 400 ms (1/2.5).
External Integration
This is the same as the External Integration/SMA Trigger Mode or the External
Integration/Serial Trigger Mode. Refer to section 3.14 Controlling Integration Mode.
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4.1 Mechanical Interface
Figure 8: Camera Dimensions
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33
4.2 Mechanical Tolerances
Not applicable to part
number DS-46-04M30
Table 18: Mechanical Tolerances
Additional Dimensions
Center of sensor with respect to lens mount
´
Planarity of lens flange to sensor
"
Rotation of sensor
°
4.3 Mounting the Camera
The 4M30 can be mounted via the 3/8” deep, 1/4”-20 threaded tripod mount located on
the bottom of the camera.
DALSA
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5.1 Cleaning
This section is not
applicable to part number
DS-46-04M30
Electrostatic Discharge and the CCD Sensor
Charge-coupled device (CCD) image sensors are metal oxide semiconductor (MOS)
devices and are susceptible to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). Although
many sensor pins have ESD protection circuitry, the ESD protection circuitry in CCDs is
typically not as effective as those found in standard CMOS circuits.
Electrostatic charge introduced to the sensor window surface can induce charge buildup
on the underside of the window that cannot be readily dissipated by the dry nitrogen gas
in the sensor package cavity. When charge buildup occurs, surface gated photodiodes
(SGPDs) may exhibit higher image lag. Some SGPD sensors may also exhibit a highly
non-uniform response when affected by charge build-up, with some pixels displaying a
much higher response when the sensor is exposed to uniform illumination. The charge
normally dissipates within 24 hours and the sensor returns to normal operation.
Preventing ESD Damage
To prevent ESD damage, DALSA advises you to take the following handling precautions.
1. Ground yourself prior to handling CCDs.
2. Ensure that your ground and your workbench are also properly grounded. Install
conductive mats if your ground or workbench is non-conductive.
3. Use bare hands or non-chargeable cotton gloves to handle CCDs. NOTE: Rubber
fingercots can introduce electrostatic charge if the rubber comes in contact with the
sensor window.
4. Handle the CCD from the edge of the ceramic package and avoid touching the sensor
pins.
5. Do not touch the window, especially in the region over the imaging area.
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6. Ground all tools and mechanical components that come in contact with the CCD.
7. DALSA recommends that CCDs be handled under ionized air to prevent static
charge buildup.
8. Always store the devises in conductive foam. Alternatively, clamps can be used to
short all the CCD pins together before storing.
The above ESD precautions need to be followed at all times, even when there is no
evidence of CCD damage. The rate which electrostatic charge dissipates depends on
numerous environmental conditions and an improper handling procedure that does not
appear to be damaging the CCDs immediately may cause damage with a change in
environmental conditions.
Protecting Against Dust, Oil, and Scratches
The CCD window is part of the optical path and should be handled like other optical
components, with extreme care.
Dust can obscure pixels, producing dark patches on the sensor response. Dust is most
visible when the illumination is collimated. The dark patches shift position as the angle
of illumination changes. Dust is normally not visible when the sensor is positioned at the
exit port of an integrating sphere, where the illumination is diffuse.
Dust can normally be removed by blowing the window surface using clean, dry,
compressed air, unless the dust particles are being held by an electrostatic charge, in
which case either an ionized blower or wet cleaning is necessary.
Oil is usually introduced during handling. Touching the surface of the window
barehanded will leave oily residues. Using rubber fingercots and rubber gloves can
prevent contamination. However, the friction between rubber and the window may
produce electrostatic charge that may damage the sensor. To avoid ESD damage and to
avoid introducing oily residues, only hold the sensor from the edges of the ceramic
package and avoid touching the sensor pins and the window.
Improper handling, cleaning or storage of the sensor can cause scratches. Vacuum
picking tools should not come in contact with the window surface. CCDs should not be
stored in containers where they are not properly secured and can slide against the
container.
Scratches diffract incident illumination. When exposed to uniform illumination, a sensor
with a scratched window will normally have brighter pixels adjacent to darker pixels. The
location of these pixels will change with the angle of illumination.
Cleaning the Sensor Window
DALSA
1.
Use clean, dry, compressed air to blow off loose particles. This step alone is usually
sufficient to clean the sensor window.
2.
If further cleaning is required, use a lens wiper moistened with alcohol.
3.
We recommend using lint free, ESD safe cloth wipers that do not contain particles
that can scratch the window.
4.
Wipe the window carefully and slowly.
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5.2 Maintenance
There are no user serviceable parts on this camera. Please contact DALSA service.
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7
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7.1 Limited One-Year Warranty
What We Do
This product is warranted by DALSA for one year from date of original purchase. Please
refer to your Purchase Order Confirmation for details.
What is Not Covered
This warranty does not apply if the product has been damaged by accident or misuse, or
as a result of service or modification by other than DALSA, or by hardware, software,
interfacing or peripherals not provided by DALSA. DALSA shall have no obligation to
modify or update products once manufactured. This warranty does not apply to DALSA
Software Products.
Note: If the camera has a non-standard cover glass (part number DS-46-04M30) the
warranty is void on the CCD.
How to Obtain Service for Your Equipment
If you want to return your product for repair, contact DALSA Customer Service in order
to obtain a Return Goods Authorization form. Repair cannot begin until the form is
issued, completed, and returned to DALSA
DALSA Technical Support
Phone: 519 886 6000
Fax: 519 886 8023
email: [email protected]
DALSA
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39
$SSHQGL[$
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EIA-644 is an electrical specification for the transmission of digital data. The standard is
available from the EIA (Electronic Industries Association). It defines voltage levels,
expected transmission speeds over various cable lengths, common mode voltage
operating requirements for transmitters and receivers, and input impedances and
sensitivities for receivers.
The standard requires that two wires (e.g. twisted pair) be used to transmit one signal in a
differential mode. This means that one wire will be logic HIGH while the other wire is
logic LOW. Voltage swing between HIGH and LOW is approximately 350mV, with a
typical offset of approximately 1.25V. The use of differential signal transmission allows
the receiver to reject common mode voltages. This noise rejection improves data integrity
and allows cameras to be installed in an industrial environment.
EIA-644-compatible line receivers and drivers are available from many different IC
manufacturers in a variety of fabrication technologies such as CMOS and GaAs. The EIA644 standard does not define specific voltages, so it can migrate from 5V power supplies
to 3.3V and sub-3V. DALSA recommends the use of 5V CMOS line drivers and receivers
such as National Semiconductor parts DS90C0C31 quad line driver and DS90C032 quad
line receiver.
To achieve full benefit of the common mode rejection, twisted pair cable should be used
for all EIA-644 signals. The cable impedance should be 100 Ohms and the cable
terminated at the receiving end with a 100 Ohm resistor. All EIA-644 inputs in a DALSA
camera are terminated with 100 Ohms between the (+) and (-) of a signal. Figure A-1 (a)
shows an example of an EIA-644 transmission.
DALSA indicates the (+) signal by the name of the signal; i.e. MCLK, while the (-) signal
is indicated by either an overscore over the name or appending the letter B to the end of
the name; i.e. 0&/. or MCLKB. The (+) signal has the same sense as the TTL signal
which is sent or received; i.e. when MCLK in the TTL domain is HIGH then MCLK in the
EIA-644 domain is HIGH. The (-) signal has the opposite sense of the TTL domain signal
and so if MCLK TTL is HIGH then MCLKB EIA-644 is LOW. Figure 9 shows the
relationship.
DALSA
03-32-10030-03
4M30 Camera User’s Manual
40
Figure 9. EIA-644 Example
Unused EIA-644 Inputs and Outputs
Unused outputs should be left unconnected. This will reduce power dissipation within
the camera and reduce radiated emissions.
Unused inputs should also be left unconnected; EIA-644 chips have fail-safe features that
guarantee a known logic state (HIGH) in fault conditions (unconnected, shorted, or
unterminated). Do not connect cables to unused inputs. Cables can act as antennae and
cause erratic camera behavior.
Cable Lengths
Figure 10 shows a graph of ideal communication data rate vs. cable length for the EIA-644
standard.
DALSA
03-32-10030-03
4M30 Camera User’s Manual
41
Figure 10. EIA-644 Data Rate vs. Cable Length
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DALSA
03-32-10030-03
4M30 Camera User’s Manual
42
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About DALSA, 2
ADC
board, 22
definitions, 19
aperture, 7
applications, 5
automatic offset (AOC), 25
%
baud, 15
BIN LED, 10
&
cables
Digi-Key, 15
length, 40
calibration conditions, 8
camera dimensions, 32
CCD, 6
clocking signals, 13
commands
ADC, 18, 20
clock, 18, 20
protocol, 18
read, 19
write, 19
connectors, 11, 12, 13, 15
data output, 9
power, 11
SMA, 15
control register, 21
'
data
bits, 15
clocking signals, 13
format, 7
output, 12
output connector, 9
rate, 7
read out, 12
definitions
ADC, 19
data clocking, 13
data signal, 13
timing, 17
DALSA
DTE, 14
dynamic range, 8
(
EIA-644, 39
inputs/outputs, 39
ESD damage, 34
External Integrate Mode, 28
)
features, 5
firmware revision, 22
frame rate, 29
frame transfer, 6
*
gain, 8
adjusting, 23
equation, 23
range, 8
+
hard reset, 22
HSYNC, 13
,
inputs/outputs, 10, 40
installation, 9
integration
external, 31
mode, 26
time, 26
time, equation, 26, 30
/
LED, 10
lens
flange, 33
mount, 33
logic HIGH and LOW, 39
LVDS, 9, 12, 13, 39
inputs/putputs, 40
03-32-10030-03
4M30 Camera User’s Manual
0
mass, 7
mechanical interface, 32
mode
free running, 27
integration, 26
LED, 10
No Clean, 26
trigger, 27
MODE LED, 10
1
noise, 8
2
offset
automatic (AOC), 25
user, 24
ON LED, 10
operating ranges, 7
operating temp, 7
3
parity, 15
performance specifications, 7
physical characteristics, 7
pinout, 11, 12, 13
PIXCLK, 13
pixel size, 7
POST LED, 10
power dissipation, 7
power supply, 11
PRNU, 8
5
register
bit definitions, 21
resetting, 22
resolution, 7
RJ-11, 14
RMS noise, 8
RS-232, 13, 18
RS232 serial port, 9
6
sensor, 6
block diagram, 6
DALSA
43
characteristics, 6
cleaning, 35
protection, 35
rotation, 33
structure, 6
serial communication, 13
serial trigger, 28
signals
data, 13
size, 7
SMA
connector, 13, 15
trigger, 28
soft reset, 22
specifications, 7
electro-optical, 8
start bit, 15
state diagrams, 17
stop bit, 15
7
Technical Support, 38
telephone-style connector, 14
temperature, 7
timing
camera, 16
HSYNC, 17
integration, 16, 26
integration, equation, 30
shutter, 16
trigger, 16
VSYNC, 17
timing diagrams, 17
trigger
external, 30
modes, 27
serial, 29
SMA, 28
timing, 16
triggering, 26, 30
TTL Trigger, 15
8
user offset, 24
9
VSYNC, 13
:
warranty, 38
03-32-10030-03
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