Minolta MM-A208 Instruction manual

Minolta MM-A208 Instruction manual
E SOFTWARE MANUAL
COLOR
BEFORE YOU
EXAMPLES
Tone-curve corrections
By selecting individual color channels on the tone curve, adjustments to the overall
color of an image can be made. In this example, the image is too yellow. By moving
the blue curve up, the image looks more neutral. For more on tone curve corrections, see page 48.
BEGIN
Thank you for purchasing this Minolta product. Please take the time to read through
this instruction manual so you can enjoy all the features of your new scanner.
This manual contains information regarding products introduced before September,
2002. To obtain information for products released after this date, contact a Minolta
service facility listed on the back cover of this manual.
Check the packing list in the scanner hardware manual before using this product.
This product is designed to work with accessories manufactured and distributed by
Minolta. Using accessories or equipment not endorsed by Minolta may result in
unsatisfactory performance or damage to the product and its accessories.
This instruction manual does not provide instruction in the basic operation of the personal computers, or the basic operation of Windows or Macintosh operating systems; refer to the manuals supplied with the computer.
The examples in this manual use Windows software. The appearance of the screens
may differ from the examples when using Macintosh or other Windows operating
systems. The screens can also vary with the scanner model.
Every precaution has been taken to ensure the accuracy of this material.
Specifications in this manual are based on the latest information available at the
time of printing and are subject to change without notice. Minolta is not responsible
for any loss or damage caused by the use of this software.
This instruction manual may not be copied either in part or in its entirety without the
prior permission of Minolta.
Before installing the DiMAGE Scan Utility
Digital ROC - Reconstruction Of Color
RAM-stationed programs such as anti-virus or installation-monitoring software may
cause the installer to fail. Remove or disable these programs before installing the
DiMAGE Scan Utility. Reinstall or enable the software when the installation is complete.
The scanner instruction manual contains the system requirements for the purchased
scanner unit; do NOT connect the scanner to a computer before installing the
DiMAGE Scan Utility software.
Original image
After Digital ROC processing
Digital ROC restores the color of old faded film, see page 43.
2
Microsoft, Windows, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows 2000 Professional, and Windows NT
are registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation. Macintosh, Apple, and Power Macintosh
are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Adobe and Photoshop are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Digital ICE3, Digital ICE, Digital ROC, and Digital GEM are
trademarks of registered trademarks and technologies of Applied Science Fiction,Inc in U. S. A.
Other corporate and product names are the trademarks and registered trademarks of their
respective companies.
3
TABLE
OF CONTENTS
This manual contains information on the DiMAGE Scan Utility software. See the
supplied hardware manual for information on connecting the scanner to a computer
and loading the film holders. The scanner notes section of that manual provides
additional information on software operation for your particular model scanner.
Color examples ..........................................................................................................2
Before you begin ........................................................................................................3
Before installing the DiMAGE Scan Utility ......................................................3
Installation ..............................................................................................................6
Windows ..........................................................................................................6
Macintosh ........................................................................................................8
Easy Scan Utility ......................................................................................................10
Launching the Easy Scan Utility ....................................................................10
Using the Easy Scan Utility............................................................................11
Basic scanning..........................................................................................................14
Launching the DiMAGE Scan Utility ..............................................................14
Scanning basics ............................................................................................14
Scanner setup................................................................................................15
Main window and index scan tab ..................................................................15
Making an index scan ....................................................................................16
Selecting index thumbnails ............................................................................16
Flip and rotate images ..................................................................................17
Fit-to-window button ......................................................................................17
Main window and prescan tab ......................................................................18
Making a prescan ..........................................................................................18
Grab tool ........................................................................................................19
Magnifying tool ..............................................................................................19
Auto cropping ................................................................................................19
CHP button (APS film) ..................................................................................19
Making the final scan ....................................................................................20
Basic image processing ............................................................................................22
Main window and image-correction tab ........................................................22
Variation palette ............................................................................................23
Brightness, contrast, and color-balance palette ............................................24
An introduction to color ..................................................................................25
Comparing pre and post-correction images ..................................................26
Undoing and redoing image corrections........................................................26
Digital ICE - Image Correction Enhancement................................................27
Quitting the DiMAGE Scan Utility ..................................................................27
Advanced scanning ..................................................................................................28
Setting scanner preferences..........................................................................28
Exposure control tab......................................................................................30
Saving exposure settings....................................................................31
Loading exposure settings..................................................................31
More index scan functions ............................................................................32
Reverse frame order ..........................................................................32
4
Saving the index thumbnails ..............................................................33
Saving an index file ............................................................................33
Loading an index file ..........................................................................33
More prescan functions ................................................................................34
Point AF (Autofocus) ..........................................................................34
Manual focus ......................................................................................35
Manual cropping ................................................................................36
Autoexposure......................................................................................37
AE area selection ..........................................................................37
AE lock............................................................................................37
Inputting scan settings manually....................................................................38
About resolution and output size ..................................................................39
Scan setting examples ..................................................................................40
Saving scan settings as a Job ......................................................................41
Deleting a Job................................................................................................41
Advanced image processing ....................................................................................42
More image-processing tools ........................................................................42
Digital ROC - Reconstruction Of Color ..........................................................43
Digital GEM - Grain Equalization & Management ........................................44
Tone curve / histogram palette ......................................................................46
Using tone curves ..........................................................................................46
Drawing tone curves by freehand..................................................................47
A short guide to tone-curve corrections ........................................................48
Histogram corrections ....................................................................................50
Tone-curve / histogram auto setting ..............................................................51
White, black, and gray-point corrections ......................................................52
Setting the white and black-point values ......................................................53
Tracking image corrections - snapshot button ..............................................53
Hue, saturation, and lightness palette ..........................................................54
Selective-color palette....................................................................................55
About RGB and CMY ....................................................................................55
Unsharp mask................................................................................................56
Saving image corrections ..............................................................................57
Loading image-correction Jobs......................................................................57
Custom Wizard ........................................................................................................58
Color matching..........................................................................................................60
Setting the output color space ......................................................................60
Setting the monitor ICC profile ......................................................................62
Scanner color profiles ....................................................................................62
Color matching recommendations ................................................................63
Appendix
............................................................................................................64
Installed file and folders ................................................................................64
Using multiple scanners ................................................................................65
About the Dimage Scan Multi and Multi II ....................................................65
Dimage Scan Multi and Multi II system requirements ..................................66
Color examples ........................................................................................................67
5
INSTALLATION
Windows
In the example below, the hard disk is drive C, and the CD-ROM drive is drive D.
The letters designating the drives will vary between computers.
Turn on the computer to start up the Windows operating system.
Insert the DiMAGE Scan Utility CD-ROM into
the CD-ROM drive. The DiMAGE Scan Utility
setup screen will open.
Click the “Starting up the DiMAGE Scan
installer” button. The program decompression
screen will briefly appear. The Install Shield
Wizard will start automatically.
If the Install Shield Wizard does not start up
automatically, execute the following procedure:
1. Initiate the run routine on the start menu.
2. Click the browse button in the run dialog box.
3. Select the CD-ROM drive from the look-in
box in the browse window.
4. Open the driver folder.
5. Open the English folder.
6. Click on the Setup.exe file. It will be displayed with its location in the run dialog box:
D:\Driver\English\Setup.exe. Click OK.
The opening screen of the Install Shield Wizard
will appear. Click the next button to continue.
To install the software in the default folder
(C:\Program Files\DiMAGEScan), click Next.
To install the software in another folder, click
the browse button to display the folder selection
window. Specify the directory in which to install
the software, then click OK.
Select the components to be installed, then
click the next button. Normally, the TWAINdata-source should be installed. The descriptions in this manual assume the utility was
installed with the TWAIN-data-source.
The name of the default program folder is displayed. To install the software icons in this folder, click Next.
To install the software icons to another existing
folder, select one of the folders listed in the
existing-folders box below. Click the next button
to begin installation.
The Install Shield Wizard will indicate that
installation was successful. Select the restartcomputer option and then click Finish. When
the computer restarts, the scanner driver software will be ready to use.
Click the yes button to accept the agreement
and continue. Read the entire agreement carefully before continuing. If you do not agree to
the terms of the license agreement, click the no
button to exit the setup program.
6
The scanner software can be launched directly from most image-processing applications. When the scanner utility software is installed in a computer with a Windows
operating system, a TWAIN driver is installed with it. Although the TWAIN driver cannot be seen, it allows the utility to be launched from an image-processing application
as well as allowing the computer and scanner to communicate.
7
INSTALLATION
Macintosh
Turn on the computer to start the Mac OS. Insert the DiMAGE Scan Utility CD-ROM
into the CD-ROM drive. The Dimage Scan Utility CD-ROM icon will appear on the
desktop.
Double-click on the DiMAGE Scan Utility icon. The driver, manual, and acrobat reader folders will be displayed.
Open the driver folder to view the language folders.
Open the appropriate language folder.
Double click on the DiMAGE Scan installer; the
installer’s start-up screen will open.
Click the continue button on the installer screen
to begin the installation routine.
Select the installation method from the pop-up
menu at the top left of the installer screen. The
easy-install option will install the required software. If only specific programs need to be
installed, select the custom-install option; click
the check box of the files to be installed. Click
on the install button to begin installation.
Any software that is running must be closed
before the DiMAGE Scan Utility can be
installed. Click the continue button to shut down
any active applications and continue the installation routine. The cancel option will end the
installation routine.
A screen confirming the successful installation
of the software will appear. Click the restart button to exit the installation program and restart
the computer. The quit button exits the installer
without restarting the computer. To make additional installations, click Continue.
After the computer restarts, confirm the DiMAGE Scan Utility folder is installed in the
designated folder. If the easy-install option was chosen, the DiMAGE Scan Utility
folder will contain the following items: DiMAGE Scan Easy, DiMAGE Scan Utility,
DiMAGE Scan Plug-in, and Read Me.
The end-user license agreement will appear. If
you accept the terms of the agreement, click the
accept button to continue the installation routine. If you do not agree to the conditions stated
in the end-user license agreement, click the
decline button and the software will not be
installed.
When the utility software is
installed, a plug-in file is placed
in the DiMAGE Scan folder. By
simply dragging and dropping
the plug-in file into an application’s import folder, the DiMAGE
Scan Utility can be launched
from that application.
At the bottom left of the installer screen, specify
the location in which the software will be
installed. To change the designated location,
use the install-location menu; this menu can be
used to select an existing location or create a
new folder.
8
9
EASY SCAN
UTILITY
The DiMAGE Scan Easy Scan Utility is a simple, automatic scanning application for
trouble-free scans. The utility works as a stand-alone program, and cannot be
launched through another application. This software is not available with all scanner
models, see the scanner notes section in the scanner instruction manual.
Using the Easy Scan Utility
The following settings are automatically made when using the Easy Scan Utility:
• Autofocusing with each 35mm frame, or with the first APS frame only.
• Index scan priority: speed setting (p. 29).
• Automatic shutdown of the utility at the end of the scan.
• Color depth: 8 bit.
• No multi-sample scanning.
• Automatic cropping to inside edge (p. 19).
• When Digital ROC is active, color matching is turned off.
• sRGB output color space when color matching is on. (p. 60)
• Auto exposure with all films except black and white slides.
Select the film format and film type to be
scanned on the drop-down menus. Click the
next button.
When the East Scan Utility has launched, the easy scan wizard opens. Simply follow
the instructions on the wizard to scan images.
The film formats that can be chosen vary
between scanner model. The following types of
film can be selected: color negative, color positive, B&W negative, B&W positive. Film for
slides is a positive film. Film for prints is a negative film.
Launching the Easy Scan Utility
Do not launch the utility with a film holder in the scanner. If the scanner model has a
manual front door, the door must be closed.
Windows
Load the appropriate film holder and insert it into the scanner. Refer to the scanner
hardware manual on how to load and insert a film holder as well as film handling
and care. If a holder is not inserted when an index scan or the final scan is made, a
warning will be displayed requesting the holder be set properly.
Select the appropriate radio button depending
on if a index scan is required. An index scan
displays a thumbnail image of all the images in
the holder. This is especially useful when a
selection needs to be made between similar
negatives on one strip of film. Click the next
button to start the index scan or continue the
scanner setup.
Select DiMAGE Scan - Easy Scan Utility from the Minolta
DiMAGE Scan folder in the program option of the start
menu.
Macintosh
Open the DiMAGE Scan folder. Double click the DiMAGE
Scan Easy icon.
(Continued on next page.)
10
11
EASY SCAN
UTILITY
The images to be scanned are selected on this
screen. Single or multiple images can be chosen.
Click the thumbnail(s) of the image(s) to be
scanned; the boarder darkens to indicate selection. Click Next to continue.
To select multiple images, press and hold the
control key (Windows) or command key
(Macintosh) and then click on each image to be
scanned. To deselect an image, click on the
thumbnail a second time while holding the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh). To select consecutive images,
press and hold the shift key and then click on the first and last image of the series.
Press the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh) and A key at the
same time to select all frames.
If an index scan was not chosen on the previous screen, a gray box will be displayed in each frame. To choose the image, click on the box with the frame number
that corresponds to the frame number on the film holder.
If all the frames are displayed upside-down, click the rotate-all-frames-180-degrees
check box.
The Easy Scan Utility optimizes scan settings
based on the final use of the scanned image.
Click the radio box which best describes the
final use of the scanned image(s). Only one
choice can be made. If an image has multiple
uses, repeat the easy scan procedure for each
use of the image. Click Next to continue.
The scanned image can be enhanced with
Digital ICE3 image processing. These tools cannot be used with traditional silver-halide black
and white film.
Click the buttons to choose the image processing to be applied to the scanned images.
Scanning time increases with the number of
image-processing tools used. Click Next to continue.
Digital ICE (p. 27) reduces the effect of dust,
flaws, scratches, and fingerprints on the film
surface. This cannot be used with Kodachrome
film. Digital ROC (p. 43) restores the color of
faded film. Digital GEM (p. 44) reduces the
effect of film grain.
Check the scanner settings on the confirmation
screen. If all the settings are correct, click Start
to begin the final scan. To change any setting,
click the back button until the appropriate
screen appears.
On the save-as screen, specify the file name,
file format, and destination of the image data.
Click Save.
When more than one image is scanned, each
image is saved with the selected file name plus
a two-digit serial number. When scanning is
complete, the Easy Scan Utility closes automatically.
12
13
BASIC
SCANNING
Launching the DiMAGE Scan Utility
Scanner setup
Do not launch the utility with a film holder in the scanner. If the scanner model has a
manual front door, the door must be closed. The utility can also be launched from an
image-processing application. See the Windows and Macintosh installation section.
Before making a scan, the film format and type must be specified. Refer to the film
format and type settings section of the hardware manual for more information.
Film format and type are selected
from the drop-down menus in the
top left corner of the main window. If
the holder and selected film format
do not match, a warning will be displayed and the scan will not be
made.
Windows
Select DiMAGE Scan Utility from the Minolta DiMAGE Scan
folder in the program option of the start menu. See page 65
when using multiple scanners.
Some model scanners use both glass and glassless film holders, see the scanner
notes section in the hardware manual. This must be set with the holder type dropdown list.
Main window and index scan tab
Macintosh
Open the DiMAGE Scan folder, and double click the
DiMAGE Scan Utility icon. See page 65 when using multiple scanners.
Scanning basics
Please read this section in its entirety before moving on to the other sections. Before
any scan is made, the film holder must be loaded and inserted into the scanner.
Refer to the scanner hardware manual for instruction on how to load and insert a
film holder as well as film handling tips.
Three types of scans can be made singularly or in combination depending on the
workflow and degree of processing:
Index scan button (p. 16)
Prescan button (p. 18)
Scan button (p. 20)
Film format
Holder type
Film type
Help
Frame number
Index thumbnail
Index tab
Rotate-right button (p. 17)
Rotate-left button (p. 17)
Flip-horizontally button
(p. 17)
Flip-vertically button
(p. 17)
Fit-to-window button (p. 17)
Index scan: to display thumbnails of each image in the 35mm or APS film holder. An
index scan is useful when scanning multiple frames on one film strip or
for selecting a specific frame among similar images.
Prescan:
Scan:
14
to display a preview of a specific image. A prescan allows an image to
be cropped or corrected using the DiMAGE Scan’s image-processing
tools.
to save and export an image. Image size, resolution, and file format are
specified with this scan.
Scan-setting window (p. 20)
The utility window can be resized by clicking and dragging the bottom right corner. If
the fit-to-window function is active, the displayed thumbnails will automatically adjust
to fit the display area.
15
BASIC
SCANNING
Making an index scan
Flip and rotate images
Index scans can be made of 35mm or APS film. An index scan cannot be made with
single-frame medium format film holders. The type of film holder available vary with
scanner model.
The orientation of the index thumbnails
and prescan images can be changed
with the flip and rotate buttons on the
tool bar.
With a loaded film holder in the scanner,
click the index-scan button in the main
window to start the scan. All the frames in
the film holder will be scanned. The frame
number of the index scan corresponds to
the frame number in the film holder.
Images can be prescanned or scanned
without making an index scan.
Rotate - the rotate-right button
rotates the thumbnail 90° clockwise
and the rotate-left button rotates the
image 90° counterclockwise each
time the buttons are clicked.
To cancel the index scan, click the cancel button in the small dialog box that appears
during the scan, or press the escape key (Windows), or press the command key and
period (.) at the same time (Macintosh).
Index thumbnails will remain in the display until another index scan is made or the
film format and type are changed. To initialize the index display and remove the current thumbnails press the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh)
together with the shift and R keys.
Original image
Flip - when an image is
flipped, it will create a mirror image.
Selecting index thumbnails
The thumbnail display allows the selection
of single or multiple images for prescanning or scanning. Selected images can
also be affected by the scanner software
functions such as the rotate buttons.
Simply click on a thumbnail to select it; the
border will darken to indicate selection.
To select multiple images, press and hold
the control key (Windows) or command
key (Macintosh) and then click on each
image to be scanned; the selected frames
will have a dark border. To deselect an image, click on the thumbnail a second time
while holding the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh). To select consecutive images, press and hold the shift key and then click on the first and last
images of the series. Press the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh)
and A key at the same time to select all frames.
16
Fit-to-window button
Normally, index thumbnails and prescan images are displayed based on their size
and resolution. When the number of thumbnails or the size of the prescan is too
large or small for the display area, clicking the fit-to-window button will automatically
resize the images to fit the display area. Clicking the button again displays the
images at their original size. The prescan grab and zoom tools cannot be used with
the fit-to-window function.
17
BASIC
SCANNING
Main window and prescan tab
Film format
Index scan button (p. 16)
Prescan button
Scan button (p. 20)
Eject button
Holder type
Film type
Grab tool
This display indicates the frame
number of the displayed image and
the number of images in the holder.
Click the arrows to load the previous or next image.
Help
When an image is larger than the display area,
the grab tool can be used to scroll the image.
Click the grab button on the tool bar. Click and
drag on the image to scroll. This tool cannot be
used with the fit-to-window function (p. 17).
Magnifying tool
The display image can be enlarged or reduced.
Click the magnifying button on the tool bar. Click
on the image to enlarge. To reduce, hold down
the control (Windows) or option key (Macintosh)
and click on the image. When the image has
reached the magnification limit, the plus or
minus sign in the magnifying icon will disappear.
This tool cannot be used with the fit-to-window
function (p. 17).
CHP button
(for APS film) (p. 19)
Auto-cropping button (p. 19)
Prescan display area
Grab button (p. 19)
Magnifying button (p. 19)
Fit-to-window button (p. 17)
Flip-vertically button (p. 17)
Flip-horizontally button (p. 17)
Scan-setting window (p. 20)
Rotate-left button (p. 17)
Rotate-right button (p. 17)
Making a prescan
When using an index scan, select the index frame to
be prescanned. Click the prescan button in the main
window. Double clicking on the index frame will also
activate the prescan even if no thumbnail is displayed in the frame; the prescan window will be displayed automatically.
When using a single-frame medium-format film holder, click the prescan button in the main window.
18
Enlarge
Reduce
Auto cropping
Auto cropping eliminates the blank space around the image area. Pressing the autocropping button cycles through its three positions: crop to outside edge, crop to
inside edge, and entire window. The cropping frame is indicated by a marquee (dotted line). The cropping area can also be adjusted manually (p. 36).
Clicking the auto-cropping button once will bring
the cropping frame to the outside edge of the
image area. Clicking the auto-cropping button a
second time will bring the cropping frame to the
inside edge of the image area. Clicking the autocropping button a third time will return the cropping
frame to its original position. When using the
image-correction tools, only the cropped area is
displayed.
CHP button (APS film)
Scanner models that accept optional APS adapters can use the CHP
button to crop an image to one of the APS formats. Clicking the CHP
button cycles the cropping frame through the C, H,
and P APS framing formats. The cropping area can
be moved by placing the mouse pointer within the
marquee (dotted line) and then clicking and dragging. The cropping area can also be adjusted manually (p. 36). When using the image-correction tools,
C
only the cropped area is displayed.
H
P
19
BASIC
SCANNING
Making the final scan
Before making the final scan, the input and output parameters must be specified.
While it’s possible to input the scan settings yourself, DiMAGE Scan Utility gives you
an easier choice - the Job function. This function automatically loads the scan settings based on the final use of the image. The scan-setting dialog box is located on
the left of both the index scan and prescan windows.
The Standard Scan
Utility contains over 100
preinstalled Job files to
cover a wide range of
image use. To create
your own Job files or to
input the scan settings
manually, see page 38.
For a list of Job parameters, see the Job file
lists section in the scanner hardware manual.
Job name
Load Job button
Input and output-resolution
Input-size and magnification
Output-size
Unit of dimensions
Reset button
Image-size display
Click the load Job button. The Job-selection dialog box
will open.
Select a Job category from the drop-down list. The
Job categories will vary between scanner models.
Click a Job file name to select it. The Job names
can be sorted chronologically or alphabetically by
clicking the name or date radio buttons at the bottom of the dialog box.
The scan settings of the selected Job file are displayed on the right side of the window. The Job
settings vary with the film format. Click the OK button to apply the Job settings.
When the Job file is loaded, a cropping frame will
appear on the image. The frame is proportional to
the output use specified with the Job. The frame
can be resized, but the proportions will remain the
same; the input and output values are automatically adjusted to match the change to the cropping
frame.
Click the scan button in the main window to start
the final scan. If the DiMAGE Scan Utility was
opened in an image-processing application, the
scanned image will be opened in that application.
If the utility is used by itself, the save as dialog box
will open.
On the save-as dialog box, enter the file name, and
select the file destination and file format for the
image data. If multiple images are scanned, a serial number will be added to the file name automatically. When saving JPEG files, the compression
ratio can be specified. Click the save button to
complete the final scan.
File types
JPEG - the image file can be compressed to reduce the file size. The compression
ratio can be selected when saving. The higher the compression ratio, the smaller
the file size, and the more deterioration to the image quality.
TIFF - this high-resolution bitmap can be opened on any computer platform. The
color depth of this format can be selected in the preference dialog box (p. 28).
BMP - the bitmap file type is used in Windows. This file type can be opened in the
paint software installed in the Windows operating system.
PICT - this image file type is used in Macintosh. This file can be opened in the
Simple Text application installed with Macintosh operating systems.
20
21
BASIC
IMAGE PROCESSING
Main window and image-correction tab
Variation palette
The image-correction tab displays the utility’s image-processing tools. Adjustments to
color, contrast, brightness, and saturation can be made as well as retouching physical imperfections in the film such as dust and scratches. This section contains details
on the basic image-processing tools. For descriptions of the advanced tools, see
pages 42 though 57.
The variation palette allows an image to be corrected by comparing it to other slightly corrected images surrounding it. This is an easy method to correct images for individuals who are inexperienced in image processing or photofinishing.
The prescan image or a selected index image can be displayed in the correction window by simple clicking the image-correction tab. If the image has not been prescanned, a prescan will be made automatically.
Click the arrow next to the variation list box (1) to select the image quality to be corrected: color balance, brightness and contrast, or saturation. Each variation palette
shows the current image in the center with corrected sample images displayed
around it.
Prescan button (p. 18)
Index scan button (p. 16)
Scan button (p. 20)
Image-correction tab
Digital ICE button (p. 27)
Help
Click the variation button to display the palette.
Variation list box
Variation-step slider and text box
Display-limit check box
Display area
1
Close button
2
Tool bar
Reset button
Reset-all button (p. 26)
Redo button (p. 26)
Undo button (p. 26)
Variation button (p. 23)
Brightness, contrast, and color-balance button (p. 24)
Comparison display button (p. 26)
Fit-to-window button (p. 17)
The utility window can be resized by clicking and dragging the bottom right corner. If
the fit-to-window function is active, the displayed image will automatically adjust to fit
the display area. If any changes are made to the image, the image-correction tab will
turn red (Windows) or an asterisk will be displayed on the tab (Macintosh).
Click the best image among the frames (2). The selected image becomes the new
center surrounded by a set of new images and the change is applied to the prescan
image. This procedure can be repeated until the desired correction is obtained. Click
the reset button to cancel all changes.
The difference between the images can be changed. Drag the variation-step slider,
or enter a value into the text box to set the degree of correction. The initial setting is
10. The correction step can be set between 1 and 20.
Checking the display-limit check box will indicate when any of the image values
exceed 0 (black limit) or 255 (white limit) with the complementary color. For example, if the blue area of the image exceeds those values, the limit is displayed with
the complementary color, yellow.
Click the close button to close the palette and apply any image corrections.
22
23
BASIC
IMAGE PROCESSING
Brightness, contrast, and color balance palette
An introduction to color
Click the brightness, contrast, color-balance
button to display the palette.
In photography, red, green, and blue are
the primary colors. The secondary colors, cyan, magenta, and yellow, are
MAGENTA
made from combining the primary colors: cyan = blue + green, magenta =
blue + red, and yellow = red + green.
The primary and secondary colors are
grouped in complementary pairs: red
BLUE
and cyan, green and magenta, and blue
and yellow.
Drag the brightness, contrast, or color sliders, or enter
specific values in the corresponding text box to make
corrections. Dragging each slider to the right or
inputting a positive number in the text box increases
the brightness, contrast, and color.
Changes will be reflected in the displayed image and
in the graph at the top of the palette. The horizontal
axis of the chart indicates the original image values
and the vertical axis the new values. Click the reset
button to cancel all changes.
RED
GREEN
If the image is too
GREEN
CYAN
Decrease the amount of red.
Decrease the amount of green.
BLUE
Decrease the amount of blue.
CYAN
Increase the amount of red.
MAGENTA
Simply making everything darker with the brightness
controls creates a muddy image - the snow and sky are
a dull gray and there are no strong blacks.
YELLOW
Knowing the complementary colors is very important in color balancing. If the image
has a specific color cast, either subtracting the color or adding its complementary
color will create a natural looking image.
Clicking the auto-setting button corrects the brightness
and contrast automatically without affecting the color
balance. Click the reset button to cancel the changes.
Is this picture too light? Adjusting brightness and contrast can be more difficult than it looks. The image on
the right looks too bright, especially the mountains in
the background.
RED
YELLOW
Increase the amount of green.
Increase the amount of blue.
Adding or subtracting equal parts of red, green, and blue will have no affect on the
color balance. However, it can change the overall image brightness and contrast.
Usually, no more than two color channels are needed to color balance an image.
Color balancing is a skill that develops with practice. While the human eye is
extremely sensitive in making comparative judgements, it is a poor tool when making
absolute measurements of color. Initially, it can be very difficult to distinguish
between blue and cyan, and red and magenta. However, adjusting the wrong color
channel never improves an image; subtracting blue from an image that is too cyan
will give a green cast to the image.
By adding contrast to the image, the snow is brightened
while the darker trees are accentuated. The extra contrast also gives the image the appearance of being
sharper as well as revealing fine details.
24
25
BASIC
IMAGE PROCESSING
Comparing pre and post-correction images
Digital ICE - Image Correction Enhancement
Clicking the comparison display button divides the image display area in two. The
original image is on the left and the corrected image is on the right. To display the
corrected image only, click the comparison display button again.
Digital ICE eliminates surface defects, dust, scratches, fingerprints, mold, etc., from
the film image during scanning. The scanning time increases with the use of Digital
ICE.
Original image
Original image
Corrected image
Changes made with the magnifying tool, grab tool, or scroll bars on one image will
be applies to the other. Using the fit-to-window button automatically resizes both
images to fit the display area.
Undoing and redoing image corrections
The undo, redo, and reset-all buttons only affect tools used in the image-correction
tab. They have no effect with the Digital ICE3 functions.
Click the undo button to cancel the last image correction applied to the
image. The number of image corrections that can be undone depends on
the computer memory capacity.
Click the redo button to reapply the last image correction canceled with the
undo button.
Click the reset-all button to cancel all image corrections applied to the
image.
26
After Digital ICE processing
Click the Digital-ICE button to
activate the function. Press the
prescan button to view the
results.
Digital ICE processing is applied to the prescan and final scan. To turn off Digital
ICE, click the Digital-ICE button again. Each time the Digital ICE button is pressed,
the prescan image is deleted and another prescan needs to be made.
Digital ICE cannot be used with Kodak Kodachrome film or traditional silver-halide
black and white films. Special black and white films that are designed to be developed in a C-41 or equivalent color process, Kodak Select Black & White 400, Kodak
T400CN, or Ilford XP2 Super, can be processed with the Digital ICE function. These
films should be scanned with the color-negative film-type setting. Results cannot be
guarantied with other types of black and white film.
The undo, redo, and reset-all buttons have no effect with the Digital ICE3 functions.
Quitting the DiMAGE Scan Utility
To close the DiMAGE Scan Utility, simply
click the close button in the top right corner
of the main window.
27
ADVANCED
SCANNING
This section covers the advanced scanning tools in the DiMAGE Scan Utility. The
basic scanning section on pages 14 through 21 should be read before continuing.
Setting scanner preferences
Click the preferences button in the
main window to open the preferences dialog box. Select the preferences options to customize
scanner operations.
Exposure control for negatives: autoexposure adjusts the scanner exposure to compensate for the density of the negative. The manual setting uses a fixed exposure regardless of
the density of the film. Manual exposure can
show the exposure difference in a bracket
series. When using AE lock or AE area selection with negatives (p. 37), the auto setting
must be selected.
Auto-expose-for-slides check box: this
option activates the autoexposure function
when scanning slides. Since the density range
of slides is relatively uniform, adjusting the
expose for each slide is usually unnecessary.
However, when scanning an underexposed or
overexposed slide, the auto exposure system can compensate for the unusual
image density. When using AE lock or AE area selection with slide film (p. 37), the
auto-expose-for-slide box must be checked.
Autofocus-at-scan check box: this option activates the autofocus function during
the prescan and final scan. When using Digital ICE, ROC, or GEM, the use of autofocus is recommended. The autofocus function increases the scanning time.
Multi-sample list box: a multi-sample scans reduces random noise in the image by
analyzing the data of each sample scan; 2, 4, 8, and 16 samples can be made. The
more samples taken, the less random noise in the image and the longer the scanning time.
Index-scan-priority radio button: this option allows the selection of high-speed
index scans or a quality index scans with prescans. Simply click the appropriate
radio button.
The speed setting allows faster index scans. Only index thumbnails are created with
this setting. The scanner will make separate scans when prescans are required. The
autofocus function is disabled during the index scan.
The quality setting makes an index thumbnail and prescan of each image. Double
clicking on the index thumbnail immediately displays the larger prescan image.
Prescan images are easier to use to make critical decisions over image quality.
Image corrections can only be applied to prescans. The setting increases index
scanning time.
Prescan size: only available with certain model scanners, see the scanner notes
section in the hardware manual. To change the size of the prescan image.
Color matching: this controls color reproduction on output devices such as monitors
and printers. For detailed information, see the color matching section on page 60.
Rotate-all-frames-180-degrees check box: this option is for scanners that can use
the optional APS film holder, refer to the scanner’s hardware manual. This option
rotates all APS index frames 180 degrees in the index scan window.
Auto film rewind when ejected: this option is for the Dimage Scan Multi and Multi
II model scanners when using the optional APS film holder. This option rewinds the
film when the eject button is used. Uncheck this box if switching between multiple
holders when the same APS film will be scanned.
Cancel button: to cancel any settings made and close the window.
Close-utility-after-scanning check box: this option closes the DiMAGE Scan Utility
after the final scan when using the scanner with an image-processing application.
Activate this function when individual images will be scanned and then processed or
retouched in another application. However, uncheck the box when multiple images
need to be scanned before retouching.
Color-depth list box: this option specifies the color depth of the scanned image.
The default setting is 8 bit for each RGB channel. 16 bit and 16-bit linear can be
selected. Because 16-bit linear color depth does not make any gamma corrections,
the scan of a negative will produce a negative image. 16-bit and 16-bit linear images
can only be saved in the TIFF file format. Some image-processing application cannot open 16-bit image files.
28
Help button: to open the help window.
Serial no. button: for the Dimage Scan Multi II scanner model only. This routine
allows the scanning resolution to be increased to 2820 dpi when scanning mediumformat film and Digital ROC and GEM can be used. Click the serial-number button to
open the serial number window. Enter the serial number of the scanner unit and
click OK to complete the operation.
OK button: to apply the preference settings and close the window.
29
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Exposure-control tab
The exposure-control tab allows the scanner’s exposure system to be customized to
specific films, lighting, or a personal exposure index based on the film, processing,
lens, and shutter combination. This can also be used to compensate for badly
exposed film.
Load setting button
Save setting button
Reset button
Apply-all button
Fit-to-window button (p. 17)
Apply button
RGB display
Adjust the sliders or enter values between ±2 in 0.1
increments in the text boxes. Press the apply button to
view the effect on the preview image. Repeat until the
desired result is achieved. To cancel all settings, click the
reset button and press the apply button to initialize the
preview image.
When using autoexposure, adjustments are made in reference to the exposure determined by the AE system. To
calibrate the scanner in reference to a standard exposure, turn the autoexposure functions off in the preference window (p. 28); set exposure control for negatives to manual or uncheck the
auto-expose-for-slides check box. This is recommended when making settings for
specific films.
Click the apply-all button to use the exposure-control
settings for all the images in the film holder.
To cancel changes to exposure once the apply-all function has been used, click the
reset button and then click the apply-all button again. The film holder can be
removed from the scanner; the exposure-control tab is reset when the holder is
ejected.
Saving exposure settings
Click the save setting button to open
the save window.
Enter the name for the setting file. Click OK.
Loading exposure settings
The RGB display will show the color values for any point in the image; simply place
the mouse pointer in the image area to see the values of that point. Pressing the
shift key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh) will display the CMY values.
Simply click the exposure-control tab to display the selected image. If a prescan has
not been made, the scanner will make one automatically. If any changes are made
to exposure, the image-correction tab will turn red (Windows) or an asterisk will be
displayed on the tab (Macintosh).
The master slider and text box control the overall exposure. The R, G, and B sliders
and text boxes are used to compensate for any color shift. No gamma or contrast
changes can be made.
30
Click the load setting button to open the load window.
Click on the file name to highlight it. Click OK to
apply the settings to the image displayed in the
exposure-control tab. Confirm the autoexposure
settings in the preferences window (p. 28).
To delete a setting file, open the load window and
click on the file name to highlight it. Use the keyboard delete key to erase the file.
31
ADVANCED
SCANNING
More index scan functions
Saving the index thumbnails
The displayed thumbnail images can be saved in one image file. All the frames in
the film holder, including empty frames, must be scanned before the index thumbnails can be saved.
Click the save index-image
button. The standard saveas dialog box will appear.
Enter the file name, and select the file destination and file format for the image data. Click the save button. File formats that
can be selected with Windows operating systems are Bitmap
(BTM) or JPEG, and with Macintosh, Pict or JPEG. The film
holder does not have to be in the scanner to save the images.
Reverse-frame-order button
Save index-image button (p. 33)
Save index-file button (p. 33)
Load index-file button (p. 33)
Load image-correction Job button (p. 57)
Reverse frame order
Some cameras reverse-wind the film so the last frame is exposed at the beginning
of the roll. When scanning film strips, the order of the index thumbnails can be
reversed to correct the chronology by simply clicking the reverse-frame-order button.
When the reverse-frame-order button is clicked again, the frame order follows the
film holder frame order.
Saving an index file
The index thumbnails can be saved as an index file. The index file can be loaded
into the scanner so that the index scan does not need to be made again. The index
image file format is unique to this software. All the frames in the film holder, including
empty frames, must be scanned before the index file can be saved.
Click the save index-file button. The standard saveas dialog box will appear.
Enter the file name and select the file destination.
Click the save button. The film holder does not have
to be in the scanner to save the file.
Loading an index file
An index file can be displayed in the index window of the utility software.
Click the load index-file button. The open dialog box
will appear.
Select the index file to be loaded. Click the open button. The current index display will be replaced with
the images in the new file.
32
33
ADVANCED
SCANNING
More prescan functions
Manual focus
The scanner can be focused manually using the focus meter. For best results, select
an area within the image with contrast or detail. The manual focus functions cannot
focus on a low-contrast image such as a cloudless or overcast sky.
Click the manual-focus button. The mouse
pointer will change to the manual-focus
icon. To cancel the function, click the manual-focus button again.
AE-area-selection button (p.37)
AE lock button (p. 37)
Point-AF button
Manual-focus button (p. 35)
Auto-cropping button (p. 36)
Crop-prescan button (p. 36)
Click on the area of image to be used for
focus. The focus meter window will appear.
Point AF (Autofocus)
The DiMAGE Scan autofocus system uses the CCD sensor to focus the scanner.
When the autofocus-at-scan option is selected in the preferences dialog box, the
autofocus system uses the center of image to determine the focus. This normally
results in an excellent scan when the film plane is flat. However, if the film is warped
or curled, the scanner can be focused using the point AF or manual focus functions.
For best results when using point AF, select an area within the image with contrast
or detail. The point AF function cannot focus on a low-contrast area such as a cloudless or overcast sky.
Adjust the slider using the mouse until the
black and white bars are at their longest
extension for sharpest focus. The black bar
indicates the change in focus. The white
bar indicates the longest extent of the black
bar and the point of sharpest focus.
Click the point-AF button. The mouse pointer will
change to the point-AF icon. To cancel the function, click the point-AF button again.
Click OK to set the focus. A new prescan
will start and replace the previous image.
Click on the area of image to be used for focus.
Autofocus will begin and a new prescan will be
displayed.
34
35
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Manual cropping
Autoexposure
Cropping is a method of recomposing the image by eliminating unnecessary space
around the subject. Many images are improved by cutting out distracting elements in
the background.
When AE area selection or AE lock are used with slides, the auto-expose-for-slides
option must be checked in the preferences box. When used with negatives, the
exposure control for negatives must be set to auto in the preferences box (p. 28).
AE area selection
Clicking the auto-cropping button to display
the cropping frame marquee.
To enlarge or reduce the cropping frame,
place the mouse pointer over the corners or
sides of the cropping frame; the pointer will
change to a double arrow. Simply click and
drag the edge of the frame to adjust the
cropping area.
To move the cropping frame, place the
mouse pointer in the center of the cropping
frame; the pointer will change to a fourpointed arrow. Simply click and drag the
entire frame over the image area.
With the pointer is outside the cropping
frame, click and drag to define a new cropping frame.
Pressing the auto-cropping button again
resets the cropping frame around the image
area. The cropping frame can be reset to
cover the full prescan area by pressing the
control key (Windows) or the command key
(Macintosh) and A key at the same time.
Click the crop-prescan button to make a
prescan of the cropped area. To cancel the
cropping, press the prescan button.
36
AE area selection allows the use of a small area within the image to determine the
scan exposure. Use AE area selection with high or low key images, or when the film
has been badly exposed.
Click the AE-area-selection button after prescanning
the image.
Pressing the shift key changes the dotted cropping
frame to the solid AE area frame. While pressing the
shift key, use the mouse to adjust and move the AE
area. The methods used to manipulate the frame are
the same as the cropping frame except that the shift
key must be held, see facing page.
Place the AE area over the section of the image to be
used to determine the exposure. Usually placing the area over the subject of the picture will produce excellent results. The area should represent on average the midtone of the image.
Click the prescan button to view the effect on the exposure. AE area selection can
be canceled by pressing the AE-area-selection button again.
AE lock
The AE lock function sets the scanner exposure based on the exposure determined
for a specific prescan with or without the use of AE area selection. This exposure
can be applied to scans of different images. This function is useful when scanning a
series of high and low-key images that have consistent exposures. By locking the
exposure on one frame when scanning a bracket series, the scans of the other
frames will show the exposure difference in each frame of the series.
After making a prescan or setting the exposure of the reference image with the AE-area-selection function, click the
AE lock button to fix the scanner’s exposure.
Select another image and click the prescan button to view the result with the set
exposure. To cancel the AE lock, click the AE lock button again. The prescan and
final scan will be made with the locked exposure setting until the AE lock is canceled, the scanner is initialized, or the film type is changed.
37
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Inputting scan settings manually
Settings for the final scan can be made in the index scan or prescan windows.
Magnification text box: to set image magnification. This value equals the input resolution divided by the output resolution, or the output size divided by the input size.
The Magnification text box cannot be used if pixel is selected in the unit list box.
Job-name list box
Load Job button
Save Job button
Input-resolution list box
Output-resolution list box
Input-size text boxes
Input-size lock button
Magnification text box
Output-size text box: output size is determined by either the cropping frame dimensions or the values entered in the width and height boxes. The width and height of
the output image can be directly entered into the text boxes; the input resolution,
input size, and cropping frame adjust according to the entered dimensions.
Output-size lock button: to lock the output size values.
Output-size text boxes
Unit list box: the input and output size unit can be changed: pixels, millimeters,
centimeters, inches, pica, and points.
Output-size lock button
Image size display: indicates the file size of the image.
Unit list box
Reset button: to initialize all current settings.
Reset button
About resolution and output size
Image-size display
Input-resolution list box: values can be selected among the drop-down list or be
entered into the box directly. See scanner resolution in the scanner notes section of
the hardware manual for the resolution of the specific scanner model.
Output-resolution list box: values between 36 and 2400 dpi can be selected
among the drop-down list or be entered into the box directly. Output-resolution cannot be entered if pixel is selected in the unit list box.
Input-size text box: input size is determined by either the cropping frame dimensions or the values entered in the width and height boxes. The cropping frame will
adjust to any value entered. Input-size cannot be entered if pixel is selected in the
unit list box.
Input-size lock button: to lock the input values. The cropping frame can be moved,
but not resized while this button is clicked. Clicking the button again releases the
lock. The input-size lock button cannot be used if pixel is selected in the unit list box.
38
When the input size and output size are unlocked, the input resolution and output
size vary according to the entered magnification value. When the output size is
locked, the input resolution and input size vary according to the entered magnification value. When the input size is locked, the input resolution and output size vary
according to the entered magnification.
Resolution can be expressed in dpi (dots per inch). This refers to how many pixels
are placed along one linear inch. A resolution of 350 dpi, which is commonly used in
commercial printing, means that an area of one square inch would use 122,500 pixels. The larger the resolution, the greater the detail in the image. However, as the
resolution increases, so does the file size.
The image resolution depends on the resolution of the output device. A printer with a
resolution of 150 dpi will not be able to print a 300 dpi file any better than a 150 dpi
file; the 300 dpi file will just be four-times larger. Once the output resolution is determined, the input resolution can be calculated from the magnification needed to
match the output.
Input resolution
Output resolution
=
Output size
Input size
=
Magnification factor
For example, to make a 144 mm x 96 mm print at a resolution of 150 dpi from 35mm
film (image size: 36mm x 24mm), the magnification can be calculated by dividing the
print dimensions by the film dimensions: 96 mm / 24 mm = 4 times. The input resolution can then be determined from the magnification factor: 150 dpi X 4 = 600 dpi.
39
ADVANCED
SCANNING
Scan setting examples
Saving scan settings as a Job
Example 1: setting the scanner output by pixels. This example creates an image
with the pixel dimension of 640 X 480.
Frequently used scan settings can be saved.
Select pixel from the unit list box. The output-resolution and input-size boxes are deselected.
Enter the dpi resolution for the output size; 640 for the
width and 480 for the height. Click the output-size lock
button to fix the values; the output-size boxes will be
deselected.
Use the mouse to adjust the cropping frame over the
prescan image to define the final scanning area. Click
on the frame of the cropping area to resize the box.
The input resolution will adjust according to the cropping area. Click and drag the center of the area to
move the frame.
With the settings to be saved in the scan setting window,
click the save Job button. The Job-registry dialog box will
open.
Select the category in which to save the settings from
the drop-down menu.
Enter the Job name. Click OK to save the settings.
The Job file name can contain up to 24 characters.
See page 20 to load a Job.
The scan settings are complete and the final scan can be made (p. 20). Once made,
scan settings remain in effect until changed.
Deleting a Job
Example 2: setting output by print size and output resolution. This example creates
a 148mm X 100mm image to be printed on a 300 dpi printer.
Select millimeters from the unit list box.
A Job file can be deleted. Once deleted, it can not be recovered.
Click the load Job button.
Enter the output resolution of the printer in the output-resolution list box: 300.
Enter the output size; 148 for the width and 100 for the
height. Click on the output-size lock button to fix the values.
Use the mouse to adjust the cropping frame over the prescan image to define the final scanning area. Click on the
frame of the cropping area to resize the box; the input resolution will adjust according to the cropping area. Click and
drag the center of the area to move the frame.
Select the Job file to be deleted from the Job categories in the selection window. Use the following
key(s) to delete the selected file:
Windows - delete key
Macintosh - command key + D.
Click the cancel button to close the window.
The scan settings are complete and the final scan can be
made (p. 20). Once made, scan settings remain in effect
until changed.
40
41
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
More image-processing tools
Digital ROC - Reconstruction Of Color
This section covers the advanced image-processing tools in the DiMAGE Scan
Utility. Adjustments to color, contrast, brightness, hue, saturation, sharpness, and film
grain can be made. Functions to view and save image corrections are also available.
The basic image-processing section on pages 22 through 27 should be read before
continuing.
Digital ROC button (p. 43)
Digital GEM button (p. 44)
Digital GEM tab (p. 44)
Digital ROC (Reconstruction of Color) can restore the faded color of old film, see
page 2. The results with Digital ROC vary with the condition of the film.
Original image
RGB display
Load image-correction
Job button (p. 57)
Save image-correction
Job button (p. 57)
Snapshot button (p. 53)
Unsharp-mask button (p. 56)
Selective-color button (p. 55)
Hue, saturation, and lightness button (p. 54)
Tone curve/histogram button (p. 46)
Current RGB values
Original RGB values
The RGB display will show the color values
for any point on the image; the first numbers of each color channel indicate the original value of the prescanned image followed
by the current value with any changes made
through processing. Simply place the
mouse pointer on the image area to see the
RGB values of that point. Pressing the shift
key (Windows) or command key
(Macintosh) will display the CMY values.
42
After Digital ROC processing
Click the Digital-ROC button to activate
the function; the current prescan image
will be deleted. Press the prescan button to view the results.
When Digital ROC is used, the prescan also makes the final scan. When the final
scan is made, the image data is simply processed and saved. While the final scan is
relatively fast, the prescans require more time. Because the final scan and prescan
are made at the same time, always preform the prescan with the autofocus-at-scan
function active in the preferences box (p. 28), or with point AF (p. 34) or manual
focus (p. 35). To turn off Digital ROC, click the Digital-ROC button again.
Digital ROC cannot be used with 16-bit linear color depth (p. 28). When Digital ROC
is activated, the auto-expose-for-slides setting in the preferences box, color matching, and the AE lock and AE-area-selection functions are disabled.
Digital ROC cannot be used with traditional silver-halide black and white films.
Special black and white films that are designed to be developed in a C-41 or equivalent color process, Kodak Select Black & White 400, Kodak T400CN, or Ilford XP2
Super, can be processed with the Digital ROC function. These films should be
scanned with the color-negative film-type setting. Results cannot be guarantied with
other types of black and white film.
The undo, redo, and reset-all buttons have no effect with the Digital ICE3 functions.
43
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Digital GEM - Grain Equalization & Management
Digital GEM reduces the effect of grain in color film. Grain is a sandy texture that
can sometimes be seen in smooth uniform areas of the image such as the sky.
Grain is more pronounced in fast film. The results with Digital GEM vary with the
film.
Click the Digital-GEM tab to display
the Digital-GEM window.
Digital-GEM tab
Apply Digital-GEM button
Digital-GEM text box
Digital-GEM slider
Adjust the Digital-GEM slider or enter
the Digital-GEM correction value
directly in the text box to set the
degree of correction. Values from 0
to 100 can be set. The larger the
value, the greater the effect.
Digital-GEM sample area
Prescan display
Original image
After Digital GEM processing
Digital GEM cannot be used with traditional silver-halide black and white films.
Special black and white films that are designed to be developed in a C-41 or equivalent color process, Kodak Select Black & White 400, Kodak T400CN, or Ilford XP2
Super, can be processed with the Digital ROC function. These films should be
scanned with the color-negative film-type setting. Results cannot be guarantied with
other types of black and white film.
Click the Digital-GEM button in the main
window; the Digital-GEM tab is activated.
Each time the Digital GEM button is
pressed, the prescan image is deleted.
Make a prescan of the image to be
processed.
When Digital GEM is used, the prescan also makes the final scan. When the final
scan is made, the image data is simply processed and saved. While the final scan is
relatively fast, the prescans require more time. Because the final scan and prescan
are made at the same time, always preform the prescan with the autofocus-at-scan
function active in the preferences box (p. 28), or with point AF or manual focus.
Set the input resolution of the image in the scan-setting
window with a Job (p 20) or by manually inputting the value
(p. 38). The effect of image grain is related to the input resolution.
44
Adjust or move the Digital-GEM sample area to select the portion of the image to be
used to evaluate the Digital-GEM correction. Choose a smooth uniform area for the
evaluation; skin or sky are good subjects. Using the mouse, place the pointer on the
sample area frame; the pointer will change to a double arrow. Simply click and drag
the edge of the frame to adjust the area; the maximum size of the sample area
depends on input resolution. By placing the pointer in the center of the frame, the
pointer will changed to a four-pointed arrow. Simply click and drag to move the
frame. With the pointer outside the frame, click and drag to define a new sample
area. To extend the area over the entire image, press the control key (Windows) or
command key (Macintosh) and the A key at the same time.
Click the apply Digital-GEM button to preview the Digital-GEM effect on the sample
area. Every time the Digital-GEM sample area is changed, or the degree of correction is adjusted, the apply button must be used Digital-GEM button to view the
results. The sample image can be magnified by clicking the fit-to-window button.
Click the scan button to save the
final image. To turn off Digital GEM,
click the Digital-GEM button again.
Fit-to-window button
Digital-GEM sample display
45
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Tone curve and histogram palette
Click the tone-curve/histogram button to display the palette.
Color-histogram button (p. 51)
Channel list box (p. 46)
Tone curve
Freehand curve button (p. 47)
Smooth curve button (p. 47)
White, gray, and black-point buttons (p. 52)
Place the mouse pointer over the tone curve.
Click and drag the curve. Any corrections made
on the tone curve are immediately applied to the
displayed image.
Each time the tone curve is clicked, a node is
attached to the curve. The nodes can be moved
by clicking and dragging. The horizontal axis
(input level) represents the brightness levels of
the original image, and the vertical axis (output
level) the change applied to the image.
By placing the mouse pointer on the display
image, the grey or color level of that point will be
indicated on the tone curve by a white circle.
Apply button (p. 52)
Histogram
Input shadow, gamma, and highlight text
boxes (p. 50)
The reset button cancels all corrections in all
channels.
Drawing tone curves by freehand
Output shadow and highlight text boxes (p. 50)
Reset button
Auto-setting button (p. 51)
Input shadow, gamma, and highlight sliders (p. 50)
Output shadow and highlight sliders (p. 50)
Using tone curves
Click the freehand-curve button (1). The
mouse pointer changes to the pencil tool
when placed on the tone curve.
1
Click and drag the pointer to draw a new
curve. Extreme image manipulations are
possible with the freehand curve tool.
Click the arrow next to the channel box to select
the channel from the drop-down menu.
To make adjustments to the color balance of the
image, select the appropriate color channel. To
adjust the contrast or brightness of the image
without affecting the color, select the RGB channel.
The tone curves can be displayed with keyboard
shortcuts. While holding the control key
(Windows) or command key (Macintosh), press 0
(zero) to display the RGB channel, 1 to display
the red channel, 2 to display the green channel,
or 3 to display the blue channel.
46
To smooth a rough freehand curve, click the
smooth-curve button (2). Nodes will be automatically placed on the curve and can be
adjusted with the mouse.
2
With extreme freehand curves, the smooth
curve button may significantly change the
shape of the curve. Press the undo button
to return to the original freehand curve.
47
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
A short guide to tone curve corrections
Increasing image contrast
Image processing is a highly specialized and difficult field that takes years of practice to master. This basic guide to using tone curves covers a few simple procedures
to improve your pictures. For more about digital-image processing, consult your local
book dealer about self-help guides on this subject.
The contrast of an image can be changed. The light
blue 45° line on the tone-curve graph represents the
original contrast of the image. Making the angle of
the tone curve greater than 45° will increase the contrast. Making the angle less than 45° will reduce the
contrast.
About the tone curve
Highlights
Output
The tone curve is a graphic representation of the
brightness and color levels of the image. The bottom
axis is the 256 levels of the original image (input data)
from black to white. The vertical axis is the corrected
image (output data) with the same scale from top to
bottom.
With the RGB channel selected, click on the tone curve
near the top and bottom to add
two nodes. Slightly move the
top node up and the bottom
node down. This will increase
the angle of the central portion
of the tone curve and increase
the contrast of the image without making an overall change
in image brightness.
Mid-tones
Shadows
Input
The bottom left portion of the graph represents the
dark colors and shadow areas of the image. The middle section represents the mid-tones: skin, grass, blue
sky. The top right section is the highlights: clouds,
lights. Changing the tone curve can affect the brightness, contrast, and color of the image.
Bring out detail in the shadows
Correcting color
This is a simple technique to make a subject hidden in the shadows brighter. Unlike the brightness level control (p. 24), this method of correction will not loose details in the highlight areas of
the image.
With the RGB channel selected, place the
smooth-curve cursor on the center of the curve.
Click and drag the curve up. Look at the displayed image to judge the result. The adjustment
can be very small and still have a significant
impact on the image. Moving the tone curve
down will make the image darker.
48
By selecting individual color channels on the tone curve, adjustments to the overall
color of an image can be made. This can be used to eliminate unnatural color casts
or add warmth to a picture.
If the image is too red, green, or
blue, simply drag the corresponding color-channel curve down
until the color appears natural. If
the color cast is predominantly
one of the secondary colors, cyan,
magenta, or yellow, move the
curve of the complementary color
up. For example, if the image is
too yellow, move the blue curve
up, see the color example on page
2. For more on complementary
colors, see page 25.
49
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
background can be eliminated leaving only the darker text visible.
Histogram corrections
The histogram indicates the distribution of pixels with specific brightness or color values in the image. Using the histogram can maximize the output of the image data.
Changes made with the histogram are also displayed on the tone curve.
Input shadow slider
Input highlight slider
Input gamma slider
Input shadow text box
The input shadow slider sets the black level. As the slider is moved to the right, an
apparent increase in contrast can be seen in the displayed image. All pixels to the
left of the slider are set to 0 and any image detail they may contain will be lost.
The black and white output levels can be adjusted. By moving the output highlight
and shadow sliders, the contrast of the image can be reduced.
Input gamma text box
Click the color-histogram button
to view the red, green, and blue
histograms.
Input highlight text box
Click the histogram RGB display
button again to close the color
histogram display.
Output shadow slider
Output highlight slider
Output highlight text box
Output shadow text box
The color histograms can be displayed with the channel list box or with keyboard
shortcuts. While holding the control key (Windows) or command key (Macintosh),
press 0 (zero) to display the RGB channel, 1 to display the red channel, 2 to display
the green channel, or 3 to display the blue channel.
The histogram can be used to maximize the distribution of the pixels in the image.
The highlight level, shadow level, and gamma can be set manually with the sliders
or text boxes.
The gamma slider defines the mid-tones of the image. Dragging the gamma slider to
the right will darken the image, and dragging it to the left will brighten it. Similar to
the tone-curve correction described on page 48, the gamma slider allows the brightness of the image to be adjusted without loosing image information.
Tone curve / histogram auto setting
The auto-setting function automatically adjusts the
tone curve and histogram to maximize image contrast and color. The darkest pixels in the image are
set to a black level of 0, the brightest pixels are set
to a white level of 255, and the rest of the pixels are
distributed between them equally.
Click the auto-setting button. The change is immediately reflected in the displayed image. To view the
change in the histogram, press the apply button.
Click the reset button to cancel the auto setting.
The input highlight slider sets the white level. As the slider is moved to the left, an
apparent increase in contrast can be seen in the displayed image. All pixels to the
right of the slider are set to 255 and any image detail they may contain will be lost.
This can be an important tool for improving copy images of text on a white background. Uneven illumination, or faded or stained paper can be distracting when
copying text or line art. By adjusting the white level, the imperfections of the white
50
51
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
White, gray, and black point corrections
Setting the white and black-point values
On the tone curve / histogram palette, corrections can be made by specifying a
white, black, and gray point within the image. Locating an appropriate neutral area
within the image is critical to correctly calibrate the software. When the dropper tool
is selected, the RGB display is active and can be used to evaluate the image area.
All changes are immediately reflected in the display image.
The white and black-point values are set to 255 and 0 for each RGB level. Changing
these values allow the calibration of an image with no true white or black.
Double-click on either the white-point or black-point button to activate the point-value-setting dialog box.
Click the white-point button; the mouse
pointer changes to the white dropper
tool.
Enter the new white-point or black-point values.
Click OK.
With the dropper tool, click on the brightest neutral
area of the image to define it as the white point. The
values of the image will be adjusted based on the
selected point. The default level for the white point is
255 for each RGB channel.
With the point-value-setting dialog box open, the
mouse pointer can be used to measure the color of
any point on the displayed image. The RGB display
shows the original values for the image on the left
and the current values for the image on the right.
Click the black-point button.
Calibrate the image as described in the white, black, and gray point corrections section.
With the dropper tool, click on the darkest
neutral area of the image to define it as the black
point. The values of the image will be adjusted
based on the selected point. The default level for the
black point is 0 for each RGB channel.
Click the gray-point button. The grey
point controls the color of the image.
With the dropper tool, click a neutral area of the
image to be defined as the gray point. The area
used to calibrate the gray point must be neutral. The
brightness level of the area is not important, but if
the area has a definite color, the image will not be
color balanced correctly.
Click and hold the apply button to
show the change on the histogram.
Click the reset button to cancel all corrections.
Tracking image corrections - Snapshot button
Image corrections can be stored temporarily as a thumbnail next to the displayed
image. Simply click the snapshot button on the tool bar to create a thumbnail with
the current image corrections.
To return to a previous
image correction, click on
the corresponding snapshot
thumbnail. The thumbnail
image will replace the displayed image. The number
of snapshots that can be
made is only limited by the
computer memory. To
delete a snapshot, click on
the thumbnail and press the
keyboard delete key.
Snapshot display area
52
53
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Hue, saturation, and lightness palette
Selective-color palette
This palette adjusts the image in reference to the HSB color model. These controls
can be used to manipulate the color image rather than producing a realistic representation.
Selective-color correction is an advanced technique to refine the colors in the image.
A cyan, magenta, yellow, and black channel can be used to adjust the six separate
color groups in the image: red, green, blue, cyan, magenta, and yellow. The blacklevel slider controls the brightness of the selected color group.This type of correction
is effective in changing a specific color without influencing any of the other colors in
the image. For example, if the sky looks purplish instead of blue, magenta can be
reduced in the blue color group. See page 67 for a selective-color example.
The HSB color model defines color based upon human perception rather than photographic processes. Hue refers to each separate color in the model. Saturation is
how vivid each colors is. Lightness describes how bright or dark a color is in the
color space.
The hue control is not a color balancing tool. It is a creative tool. When changing
hue in the palette, each color is assigned a new hue depending on the degree of
rotation through the color space. For example, a very simple color space could have
three colors: red, green, and blue. I have a red barn next to a green tree with a blue
sky. Now I rotate the image in the color space; the colors are reassigned a new hue
based on the position - the barn is green, the tree is blue, and the sky is red. The
HSB color space is similar, but with many more hues; see the color example on
page 67.
Unlike the brightness control in the brightness, contrast, color balance palette, the
lightness control does not change the apparent density of the colors equally. For
example, with an extreme increase in lightness, blue will not appear as light as yellow.
Select the color group to be corrected from the dropdown menu at the top of the window.
Drag a slider or enter a value in a text box to adjust the
selected color group. More than one slider can be used
to adjust the selected color. Changes will be reflected in
the display image. Click the reset button to cancel any
changes.
About RGB and CMY
The RGB color model is an additive process that uses the primary colors of light:
red, green, and blue. An additive color system mixes the three colors to recreate the
entire spectrum of light. If all three colors are mixed, white light is produced.
Television sets and computer monitors use RGB to create images.
Click the hue, saturation, and lightness button to
open the palette.
Drag the hue, saturation, or lightness slider, or
enter specific values in the corresponding text
box to make corrections; changes will be reflected in the display image. Dragging each slider to
the right or inputting a positive number in the text
box increases the saturation, and lightness. The
hue slider rotates the colors in the image through
the color space; the maximum position to the
right (180°) is the same as the maximum position
to the left (–180°). Click the reset button to cancel any changes.
Click the selective-color button to open
the palette.
The CMY color model is a subtractive process that uses the secondary colors: cyan,
magenta, and yellow. A subtractive color system recreates color with pigments and
dyes to absorb unwanted color. If all three colors are mixed, black is produced. Filmbased photography is a subtractive process. Printing technology is also a subtractive
process, but, unlike photographic systems, it requires a black channel (K). Because
of the imperfections of printing inks, cyan, magenta, and yellow cannot produce a
true black when mixed, printers use what is called a four-color process (CMYK) to
reproduce images.
Original color space
New color space
Two color samples are displayed at the bottom of
the palette. The top bar indicates the color space of the original image. The bottom
bar displays the relative changes to the color space.
Clicking the auto-setting button adjusts the saturation automatically without affecting
the hue or lightness. Click the reset button to cancel any changes.
54
55
ADVANCED
IMAGE PROCESSING
Unsharp mask
Saving image corrections
The unsharp mask sharpens edges in the image without affecting overall image contrast. This mask can be used with soft or slightly out-of-focus images. The effect of
the unsharp mask is very subtle, but makes a significant improvement to the overall
appearance of the image.
All corrections applied to an image can be saved as an image-correction Job. The
Job can be loaded into the utility at any time and applied to different images. This is
a time-saving function when a large number of images need too be processed with
the same correction settings.
Click the unsharp-mask button to open the
unsharp-mask dialog box.
Click the save image-correction Job button to save the
current image-correction settings.
Drag the sliders or enter values in the text
boxes to adjust the parameters of the mask.
The full effect of the unsharp mask cannot be
evaluated in the prescan image. It can only be
judged in the final scan.
Enter the Job name. Click OK to save the
settings.
The result of the unsharp mask differs with
image resolution. Make several scans with
slight changes to the output resolution until
the intended result is produced. Clicking the
reset button restores the default settings.
Loading image-correction Jobs
Display the image to be corrected in the image-correction tab. Click the load image-correction Job button to
load a saved image-correction settings.
Click on an image-correction Job thumbnail to
select it. Click OK to apply the Job to the displayed image. Jobs are loaded into the snapshot display area. Multiple Jobs can be loaded.
Amount: to adjust the contrast of the mask between 0% and
500%. If the value is too high, pixilation will be apparent; the
image becomes noticeably rough or grainy. 150% to 200% is
recommended for high-quality printed images.
Radius: to increase the edge sharpness of the pixels. The
radius can be adjusted between 0.1 and 5. The default setting
is 1. Changes to the radius are more apparent on printed
images than images displayed on a monitor. A level of 1 to 2
is recommended for high-quality printed images.
Original image
Threshold level: adjusted in integers between 0 and 255.
The default setting is 2. If the difference between the surrounding pixels is greater than the threshold level, that
pixel is recognized as a sharp subject pixel. When the level
is set to 0, the whole image is corrected. The threshold
level can separate smooth or even areas from edges and
detailed areas to be sharpened.
Shadow protection level: to limit the sharp subject pixels
in the shadows. The level can be adjusted in integers
between 0 and 255. The default setting is 16. When the
luminance level is greater than the shadow protection
level, that pixel is recognized as a sharp pixel.
With mask
56
57
CUSTOM
WIZARD
The Custom Wizard is an automated
scanning routine. Screens vary with
scanner model.
Insert a film holder into the scanner.
Click the Custom Wizard button.
On the Custom-Wizard-setting dialog box, select
New from the Custom Wizard settings. Click the
next button.
Select Digital ICE, ROC, or GEM image processing.
Click the next button to continue.
Digital ICE (p. 27), ROC (p. 43), and GEM (p. 44)
cannot be used with black and white film. Digital
ICE cannot be used with Kodachrome film. When
Digital GEM is used, the amount of correction must
also be set.
If previous Custom Wizard settings have been
saved, they will be displayed in this window. To
use any settings, simply select it with the mouse
Make any adjustments to the scanner exposure.
Previously saved settings can be loaded. See page
30 for more information. Click the next button to
continue.
The film dialog box will vary with scanner model.
Set up the dialog box for the film and holder in
use. Select the frame number(s) of the images to
be scanned. The frame number refers to the frame
number of the holder.
Select image-correction settings. Click the next button to continue.
Click the next button to continue.
Select scanning preferences in the dialog box.
Click the next button to continue.
For information on the preference settings, see
page 28. For information on color matching, refer
to page 60.
Enter scan settings. Click the next button to continue.
See pages 20 and 38 for details on Jobs and manual scan settings. When the window opens, the
last scan settings made will be displayed.
Image corrections can be made by loading an
image-correction Job (p. 57). The auto-setting functions automatically correct the scanned image: the
tone curve and histogram setting improves color
and contrast: the brightness, contrast, and colorbalance setting improves contrast and brightness:
the hue, saturation, and lightness setting improves
saturation.
Click the save button to save the Custom Wizard
settings. Enter the file name in the save window
and click OK. The next time the Custom Wizard is
used, those settings can be selected in the
Custom Wizard setting dialog box.
Click the start button to begin automatic
scanning.
See page 19 for information on auto-cropping.
Inside-edge cropping is recommended for mounted
slides. The auto-cropping function will take priority
over any scan settings entered.
58
59
COLOR
MATCHING
Each output device (monitor or printer) defines color and contrast differently. To
ensure the reproduction of the image on the monitor matches the reproduction of the
image from the printer, the color space for both devices must be defined. Color
matching is activated in the preferences box. Color matching increases the scanning
time.
The choice of output color space depends on how the image will be reproduced. For
most personal use where the image is displayed on a monitor or printed with a small
printer, sRGB color space is adequate. Other color spaces have been included for
professional and technical applications. For recommendations for color space use,
see page 63.
The DiMAGE Scan color matching function matches the scanned color with specified color spaces. The color matching system can use the monitor’s ICC profile to
display the image as accurately as possible.
sRGB: the color space promoted by Hewlett Packard and Microsoft. Since it reflects
the average PC monitor characteristics, it is considered to be the standard for multimedia and Internet usage. sRGB is not suitable for professional prepress applications because of its narrow reproduction range.
Click the preferences button to
access the color-matching function.
Apple RGB: widely used in DTP. It is the standard color space in many common
graphic arts and design applications: Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, etc.
SMPTE-C: the current television broadcasting standard used in the United States.
PAL/SECOM: the current television broadcasting standard used in Europe.
ColorMatch RGB: this color-space standard has a wide gamut and is ideal for use
with Radius Press View monitors, which are commonly used in prepress production.
Adobe RGB: this color space standard is wider than ColorMatch RGB. The extensive color range makes it ideal for prepress use. However, the range is so great that
it includes many colors that cannot be printed with a four-color printing process.
Color-space list box
Color-matching-on check box
Use-ICC-profile check box
ICC-profile text box
Load ICC-profile button
Wide-gamut RGB: utilizing the color coordinates of the spectrum, this standard
offers an extremely extensive range of colors. However, most of the colors that can
be generated cannot be reproduced on standard computer monitors or by printing
technology.
NTSC: the current television broadcasting standard used in Japan.
CIE RGB: this color space is defined by the CIE (Commission Internationale
d’Eclairage).
Setting the output color space
Click the color-matching-on check box.
Monitor RGB: this color space is defined by the monitor’s ICC profile. See setting
the monitor ICC profile section on page 62.
Select the output color space from the
color-space drop-down menu.
60
61
COLOR
MATCHING
Setting the monitor ICC profile
Color matching recommendations
The ICC profile for a specific monitor can be
used. Refer to the monitor instruction manual
for the profile name.
The following are recommendations for output color space and monitor ICC-profile
settings with image-processing applications. Some applications have a monitor correction display function which automatically corrects the monitor display to a specific
color space.
Click the use-ICC-profile check box.
With an application with a monitor correction display function such as Adobe
Photoshop ver. 5 through 6:
Click the load ICC-profile button. The operating system’s file-open dialog box will open.
Output Color Space: select the same color space as set in the application. With
Photoshop ver. 5.0 or later, look in the color-setting option in the file menu for the
profile setup window.
Open the ICC profile for the monitor in use.
ICC Profile: Use the profile for the monitor in use.
Click OK in the preferences box to set the ICC
profile.
Monitor ICC profiles can be found at the following locations:
Windows 98/98SE/Me:[Windows] folder -> [System] folder -> [Color] folder.
Windows 2000/XP: [WINNT] folder -> [System32] folder -> [spool] folder -> [drivers]
folder -> [color] folder
Macintosh: [System folder] -> [ColorSync Profile] folder
Mac OS X: [Library] -> [ColorSync] -> [Profiles] -> [Displays]
Scanner color profiles
When installing the DiMAGE Scan Utility software, scanner color profiles will be
automatically installed. These profiles have been included for advanced color matching with profile-to-profile conversions in sophisticated image-processing or DTP
applications. Refer to the scanner notes section of the hardware manual for the profile for a specific scanner model.
Windows
(98, 98SE, Me) Windows
System
Windows
(2000, XP)
WINNT
System32
Mac OS
(8, 9)
System
ColorSync profile
Users
(User logon
name)
With an application without a monitor correction display function such as Photoshop
Elements, or when the function is disabled:
Output Color Space: Monitor RGB
ICC Profile: Use the profile for the monitor in use.
The ICC profile for a specific monitor should be available from the manufacturer.
These may be downloaded from the manufacturer’s web site. See the monitor’s
instruction manual on how to install the ICC profile.
Color monitor ICC profiles can be created with one of the profile creation tools on
the market. They can also be created with the monitor-adjustment-assistant function
installed in a Macintosh operating system, or with Adobe gamma included in Adobe
Photoshop (ver. 5.0 or later) for Windows.
Color
Spool
Drivers
Color
MLTF2920.icc
MLTF2920p.icc
MLTF3100.icc
MLTF3100p.icc
MLTF5000.icc
MLTF5000p.icc
Mac OS X
62
Library
ColorSync Profiles
63
APPENDIX
Installed files and folders
Using multiple scanners
The following files and folders are installed in the computer system at the same time
as the DiMAGE Scan Utility application software:
Windows Twain.dll
DICEMLT003.dll
MFSBaseLib.dll
Twain32.dll
DRAGLib.dll
MFSLib.dll
Twunk_16.exe
DRAGMLT002.dll
MFSIFLib.dll
Twunk_32
Windows
MCMLDS.dll
(98, Me)
Winaspi.dll (in Windows 98 and NT only)
OR
Winaspi32.dll (in Windows 98 and NT only)
System
WINNT
wowpost.exe (in Windows NT only)
(2000, XP)
When multiple scanners are connected to
the same computer, the select-scanner window will open when the DiMAGE Scan Utility
is launched. Select the scanner to be used
from the list and click OK to continue.
aspi32.sys
(in Windows NT only)
System32
Drivers
Preferences
DiMAGEScan
Extensions
DICEMLT003 Library
DRAG Library
DRAGMLT002 Library
MCM Library DS
MFSBaseLib
MFSScsiLib
MFSFWDriver
MFSFWFamily
MFSFWExpLoader
MFSLib
MFSUSBDriver
MFSIFLib
DICEMLT003 Library
DRAG Library
DRAGMLT002 Library
MCM Library DS
MFSBaseLib
MFSLib
MFSScsiLib
MFSIOScsi.bundle
MFSIOUsb.bundle
MFSIOFW.bundle
MFSIFLib
Mac OS
System
Mac OS X
Library
CFMSupport
About the Dimage Scan Multi and Multi II
The DiMAGE Scan Utility can be used with the Dimage Scan Multi and Multi II
model scanners. However, certain functions are not available:
Dimage Scan Multi
Dimage Scan Multi II
Digital ICE
Digital ICE
Digital ROC
Holder-type list box
Digital GEM
Prescan-size list box (Preference window)
Holder-type list box
Easy Scan Utility.
Prescan-size list box (Preference window)
Easy Scan Utility.
DiMAGEScan
Twain_32
If the scanners are the same model, the select-scanner window will not open. The
computer will use the first scanner detected during startup.
The input-resolution range for the Dimage Multi is 176 dpi to 2810 dpi for 35mm film
and 70 dpi to 1128 dpi with medium-format film. After completing the registration routine with the serial-number button in the preferences window (p 28), the input-resolution range for the Dimage Multi II is 176 dpi to 2810 dpi for 35mm film and 70 dpi to
2810 dpi with medium-format film.
When the DiMAGE Scan Utility is installed, the scanner profiles listed below are
automatically installed for these model scanners, see page 62 for the location.
These profiles have been included for advanced color matching with profile-to-profile
conversions in sophisticated image-processing or DTP applications. When using
these profiles, the color reproduced may not be the same as the color matching system in the utility software.
MLTF3100.icc - used with positive film at any color depth other than 16-bit linear.
MLTF3100p.icc - used with positive film with 16-bit linear color depth.
Users
(User logon name)
Library
Preferences
DiMAGE Scan
For the location and names of the installed scanner profiles in a Windows and
Macintosh system, see page 62.
64
65
APPENDIX
COLOR
EXAMPLES
Dimage Scan Multi and Multi II system requirements
Hue corrections
The following system requirements are for the Dimage Scan Multi and Multi II scanners. Refer to
the hardware manual for the requirements of other model scanners. The computer and the operating system must be guarantied by the manufacturer to support SCSI interface. Check the
Minolta web site for the latest compatibility information:
Europe: http://www.minoltaeurope.com/pe/digital/languages_stage.html
North America: http://www.minoltausa.com
Changes in hue rotate the original
color values though a color space
and reassigns a new hue based
on the new position in that space.
In this example, the original image
was rotated 180°. For more on the
hue, saturation, and brightness
palette, see page 54.
PC / AT compatible computers
Macintosh
Pentium 166MHz or later processor.
PowerPC G3 or later.
Windows 98, 98 Second Edition, Me, 2000
Professional, NT 4.0, XP.
Mac OS 8.6 to 9.2.2, and
OS X 10.1.3 to 10.1.5.
Operation is not guarantied for custom or home-built machines.
The scanner cannot be used with notebook computers.
A minimum of 64 MB (Multi) or 96 MB (Multi
II) of RAM is required. 128MB is required
with Windows XP. 96 MB is needed when
scanning with 16-bit color depth.
A minimum of 64 MB (Multi) or 96 MB (Multi
II) of RAM in addition to the requirements for
the operating system and applications is
required. 96 MB is needed when scanning
with 16-bit color depth.
90 MB (Multi) or 600 MB (Multi II) of available hard disk space is required. 200 MB (Multi) or
1.2 GB (Multi II) or more of available hard disk space is needed when scanning with 16-bit
color depth.
A High Color (16bit) 640 x 480 pixel monitor
is required.
1024 x 768 pixels are recommended.
A 640 x 480 pixel monitor capable of displaying 32,000 colors is required.
1024 x 768 pixels are recommended.
TWAIN driver (Windows) and Plug in (Macintosh) compatible with Photoshop 5.0.2, 5.5, 6.0.1,
and 7.0, PhotoshopLE 5.0, and Photoshop Elements.
SCSI board must be guarantied by the manufacturer
to work with the computer and operating system.
Recommended SCSI boards: Adaptec SCSI
Card 19160, 29160, 29160N,
and AVA-2903B.
Recommended SCSI board: Adaptec Power
Domain 2930U, 29160N, 2940UW, and
2940U2W as well as the built-in SCSI interface supplied by Apple Computer.
Digital ROC and GEM system requirements for the Dimage Scan Multi II
Pentium II or later processor. Pentium III or
later when scanning with 16-bit color depth.
PowerPC G3 or later. PowerPC G4 processor when scanning with 16-bit color depth.
A minimum of 128 MB of RAM.
256 MB or more is recommended.
A minimum of 128 MB of RAM.
192 MB or more is recommended.
Required hard disk space: 300MB (35mm), 600MB (Multi-format 35mm), 1.2GB (6X9).
With 16-bit color depth: 500MB (35mm), 1GB (Multi-format 35mm), 2GB (6X9).
Recommended hard disk space: 600MB (35mm), 1GB (Multi-format 35mm), 2GB (6X9).
With16-bit color depth: 1GB (35mm), 2GB (Multi-format 35mm), 4GB (6X9).
Original color space
New color space
Two color spaces are displayed at
the bottom of the palette. The top
bar indicates the color space of
the original image. The bottom bar
displays the relative shift to the
Original color space. In the example, the reds have been shifted to
green and the yellows to lavender.
Selective-color palette
In the original image, the colors
were muted making the whole
scene flat. By subtracting cyan
from the red channel, the bridge
and faint details in the clouds could
be accentuated. The cloud detail
was further enhanced by subtracting yellow from the blue channel.
For more on the selective-color
palette, see page 55.
Before
After
66
67
Minolta Co., Ltd.
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Minolta Corporation
Minolta Canada Inc.
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10, Teban Gardens Crescent, Singapore 608923
© 2002 Minolta Co., Ltd. under the Berne Convention
and the Universal Copyright Convention.
Printed in Taiwan
1.0
9222-7310-01 AV-A208
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