USER MANUAL - Mastering Mansion
MYTEK DIGITAL.USA
MASTERING ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER
USER MANUAL
VER.6/dec 2006
Use ver 5 manual for earlier units (without optical)
Quick Start……………………………………………….3
Introduction..…………………………………….............4
This manual may be updated
Operation- Internal jumper settings........................……...5
Download the newest version at:
Operation- Typical setup -Balanced Signal Source……...7
http://www.mytekdigital.com/manuals/stereo96adc_manual.pdf
Operation- Analog input alignment……………...………9
Operation- Unbalanced Signal Source…….......................10
For technical support, technical tips and support check:
Sampling frequencies and External synchronization…....12
http://www.mytekdigital.com/products/stereo96adc.htm
SuperShaper-HR ™ Noise shaping and dithering…..........14
or contact Mytek tech support at:
Rack mount shelf.......................................….....................17
info2007@mytekdigital.com
Companion Stereo96 DAC…………………………….....18
Specifications…………………………………………......19
or at:
Warranty conditions……………………………………...20
tel. (646)-613 1822
fax.(212)-202 5331
Mytek
211 Centre Street
New York NY 10013
USA
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2
Input volume knob sets the input
sensitivity with range from mute to
+4dB=-10dBFS. This is factory
default. The knob can be disabled
with internal jumpers which can
select either the knob or internal
precision 10 turn trimpots. Refer to
"Internal jumper settings" for details.
Sample rate selection.
Sets the desired
sample rate. When
used with external clock
select FS closest
matching that of
supplied external
wordclock.
Selects output wordlength as stated. The 20 and
16 bit "flat dither" setting corresponds to signal
dithered with flat dither. Supershaper HR is a
high performace wordlength reduction algorithm
similar to Pow-r(tm). Flat dither is recommended
for multitracking, while Supershaper can be used
for printing final mix to CD-R.
Line power is 115VAC/50/60Hz
(factory default) or
230VAC/50/60Hz switchable by
internal switch accessible after
removing the top cover. 1 Amp
slow blow 20mm fuse is also
accessible under the cover.
Introduction to
Stereo96 Series Converters
Peak meter in -dBFS.
The red LED marked
"0" corresponds to 1
sample overload.
The MYTEK Stereo96 series consists of two 1/3 rack units- the
Stereo96 ADC and the Stereo 96 DAC. They are also a part of
extended family of 1/3 rack units which also includes 192kHz
capable converters, SRC and Studio Clock. Stereo96 converters
can be used as stand-alone devices for variety of studio
applications such as mastering, recording and playback, whenever
the highest quality conversion is required.
Internal sync provides the best clock stability
(10ps) and thus the best conversion. External
sync is intended for complex systems. It can be
a standard wordclock signal or Protools (tm)
256X superclock. Refer to "Internal jumper
settings" for details. Since internal clock
generator is top notch, there is no sonic benefit
from clocking Stereo96ADC externally.
Optical Toslink output can output
both SPDIF and ADAT formats.
SPDIF format allows to interface
with Mac computers including
Powermac laptops (up to 96kHz).
ADAT format is enabled and
assigned by internal dip switch.
SPDIF is the default format.
Analog inputs accept a
range of signals from +4dB
balanced and consumer
unbalanced. Connect pin 3
to ground (pin1) for
unbalanced signals.
Users choose Mytek converters primarily for their outstanding
sound quality. The sound of Mytek converters can be described as
"transparent". We design our converters to be as faithful to the
signal as possible, rather than follow philosophy of some other
manufacturers who offer "analog" or "tube" sounding converters.
Mytek converters are closest to a straight wire, which is especially
evident when used at full 24/96 resolution. Sonically they are
equal or better than the most expensive mastering converters.
Even when used in 16 bit mode, the Stereo96 converters produce
20dB (10 times) less distortion than typical converters found in
budget recording equipment. On Mytek website you can find and
download various sound samples to evaluate Stereo96 series
sound quality and compare it to the sound of other high end
converter units. To download samples log onto:
http://www.mytekdigital.com/compare/listening_tests.htm
Stereo96 ADC features include:
TOSLINK
OPT.OUT
ADAT OR SPDIF
SWITCH INSIDE
Wordclock output provides high current drive and
a very stable low jitter clock. It can be used as a
superior house clock to clock or synchronize
other digital equipment. Running Stereo96ADC
on internal clock and slaving the rest of
equipment to Mytek clock is the recommended
setting for best sonic performance. WCK IO can
also be set to 256 “superclock” format used in
older Protools systems. Superclock/wck is
selected using internal dip switch. Default is wck.
AES/EBU,SPDIF and OPTICAL outputs are
simultaneous. They operate in "single wire"
mode for all sampling frequencies. These
outputs can be used to externally clock other
equipment with the same effect as wordclock
output. Clocking via AES/EBU line is
recommended especially when cables are very
long (over 20ft).
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-
44.1, 48, 88.2 and 96kHz internal sampling frequencies
Ext. wordclock sync 25-100kHz or 256x Superclock(tm)
120dB Dynamic Range
24 bit resolution
High performance SuperShaper-HR™ psychoacoustic
noiseshaping algorithm for 16 bit output
Switchable precision 10 turn-trimpots or input gain knob
Wordclock output can be used as a hi-end house clock.
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Stereo96ADC internal trimpots and jumper assignments
(remove top cover to access)
Stereo96ADC internal trimpots and jumper assignments
(remove top cover to access)
JP7 - inserts 75 ohm termination resistor parallel to wordclock input.
Termination is not required if cable is short (6 ft or less) and it’s not
recommended if the wordclock source cannot drive low impedances.
Connect this jumper when Stereo96 ADC is the last destination in a chain fed
by external wordclock source and the cable is long (above 6ft). For short cables
and wordclock sources with unknown drive capability Jp7 should be left
unconnected (unterminated) (retain the jumper on one pin only).
DIPSWITCH SW4 :
dipsw1 WRDCK DIVIDED BY 2
ON: WCK=FS/2 FOR 88.2/96K AND =FS FOR 44/48K
OFF: WCK ALWAYS=FS
dipsw2 WRDCK/SUPERCK SELECT (overrides dipsw 1)
ON: IO=SUPERCLOCK 256
OFF:IO=WCK
115VAC/230VAC
power switch
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dipsw3 OPTICAL ADAT/SPDIF
ON: ADAT 44/48K
OFF:SPDIF
dipsw4 ADAT_OUT0 -ADAT CHAN ASSIGN 0
dipsw5 ADAT_OUT1 -ADAT CHAN ASSIGN 1
ADAT_OUT1, ADAT_OUT0
OFF, OFF -> output assigned to chan 1-2
OFF, ON -> output assigned to chan 3-4
ON, OFF -> output assigned to chan 5-6
ON, ON -> output assigned to chan 7-8
Remaining dipswitch has no function
65 4321
Off
On
T1 Amp 20mm
Slow Blow fuse
6
JP1, JP4 - insert front stereo potentiometer as the input gain control- used
typically for most applications. Turn it all the way up for unbalanced consumer
-10dBV sources.
5
FIRMWARE EPROM
USER UPGRADEABLE
Internal input gain jumpers:
L/R INPUT TRIMPOTS
JP3, JP6 - set gain at fixed -15dBFS=+4dBm (1.228VRMS measured btwn pins
2 and 3) - provides precision matching of L/R sensitivity at standard fixed gain.
JP2, JP5 - insert front two internal 10 turn trimpots as the input gain controluse requires input calibration with a sinewave generator.
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Typical Setup
Balanced signal source
Stereo96 ADC is equipped with 2 XLR analog inputs. For best signal to
noise performance it is recommended the signal source has a typical low
impedance output with standard +4dB line level balanced signal.
Alternatively a weaker unbalanced signal source can be used as described
in subsequent paragraph.
In typical setup the ADC is running on its internal clock with the rest of
equipment synchronized to Mytek clock either through digital output
signal or wordclock. In this configuration Mytek ADC serves as a very
stable low jitter house clock which increases the integrity and robustness
of the rest of the system. Because of careful design this clock is as good or
better than dedicated studio clock generators. Unlike in lesser quality
equipment there is no sonic benefit in clocking Mytek ADC externally. In
case of such operational need refer to "Sampling frequencies and external
synchronization".
Setup for typical balanced operation includes following steps:
1. Setup all other connections.
4. Select output wordlength- 24 bit full output is recommended. 16 and 20
bit output are meant to be used when the destination (recorder such as
CDR, ADAT tape machine) limits the wordlength. 20 bit output is
dithered with flat dither. 16 bit output can either be dithered flat
(recommended for multitrack recording) or 16 bit noiseshaped
(recommended for final masters, printing to CDR or DAT machine).
The Supershaper HR (tm) used for 16 bit wordlenght reduction is a
sophisticated 9th order noise shaper with dither, similar in operation to
Pow-r #3 (tm) noise reduction algorithm (see: "Supershaper HR...").
5. Synchronize the destination either to digital input sync or to wordclock
sync, depending on system configuration. The quality of recorded signal
does not depend on how the digital destination is synchronized with
Mytek AD converter.
6. Record- adjust input level with knob or by adjusting level at the source.
Unless you are printing final CD master, we do not recommend recording
too hot. There is no sonic benefit of pushing the level up to 0dBFS. A
healthy 1-2-3 dBs headroom allows more freedom in later processing and
mixing of recorded tracks. The red peak light is triggered digitally when 1
or more samples are overload. It's not recommended to peak frequently
although occasional overloads might be acceptable.
2. Select desired clock source (sync), either internal or external. If
external wordclock or superclock source is required for systemic reasons,
setup its mode using the DIP switch as described in "Internal jumpers".
The wordclock source can be terminated with internal 75 Ohm resistor
inside the Mytek unit (see: "Internal jumpers"). The termination is
recommended when using long wordclock cables (above 10 ft) and when
the wordclock source is capable handling such termination. Do not
terminate if the source is not capable of high current drive or cable is
short.
3. Select sampling frequency. If wordclock/superclock is used the
sampling frequency has to correspond to external clock frequency (can be
multiple, see: "Internal jumpers")
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Unbalanced Signal Source
Operation
Analog Input Alignment
When using internal trimpots analog input level needs to be aligned using
an approx 1kHz sinewave fed from +4dB balanced source. The alignment
does not affect audio quality, only input sensitivity. The alignment is
performed using 10 turn trimpots inside the unit (see: "Internal Jumpers").
A small tweaker or screwdriver is necessary.
You have to arbitrarily decide what will be your studio "0 VU"
analog/digital reference level. It is usually between -20 and -14dB. It
defines how much headroom you have left over the normal operating "0
VU" level. You may set it at the same level as other piece of equipment in
your studio. For example Panasonic 3700 is fixed at -18dB (which is low
for most rock and roll recordings). ADAT is fixed at -15dB which is a
typical optimal level.
1.Set the oscillator in your console at 1kHz and "0 VU". Send the
oscillator to the ADC analog input."0 VU" at + 4dB corresponds to 1.225
Volts RMS measured between pin 2 and 3 of the output XLRs. If you do
not have an analog oscillator, you can use a calibrated analog out of a DA
converter and generate the sinewave inside the DAW.
2. Connect a digital PEAK meter to a digital output. If you don't have a
dedicated digital meter use the most precise meter available in you
existing digital recording equipment or DAW.
3. Adjust the analog input level to get appropriate reading of the meter
(for example -15dB).
The alignment has to be performed with accuracy of 0.1dB to be
considered accurate.
Similar alignment procedure with 0.1dB accuracy is required for valid
A/B listening comparisons btwn. different pieces of equipment. A slightly
louder source is typically perceived as "better" sounding.
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Stereo96ADC can be operated with weaker consumer level unbalanced
signal sources. Follow these steps in such case.
1. Unbalanced cable used to feed the unit must have signal connected to
pin 2 of XLR, ground (shield) connected to pin 1 and 3.
2. Setup all other connections.
3. Select desired clock source (sync), either internal or external. If
external wordclock or superclock source is required for systemic reasons,
setup its mode using the DIP switch as described in "Internal jumpers".
The wordclock source can be terminated with internal 75 Ohm resistor
inside the Mytek unit (see: "Internal jumpers"). The termination is
recommended when using long wordclock cables (above 10 ft) and when
the wordclock source is capable handling such termination. Do not
terminate if the source is not capable of high current drive or cable is
short.
4. Select sampling frequency. If wordclock/superclock is used the
sampling frequency has to correspond to external clock frequency (can be
multiple, see: "Internal jumpers")
5. Select output wordlength- 24 bit full output is recommended. 16 and 20
bit output are meant to be used when the destination (recorder such as
CDR, ADAT tape machine) limits the wordlength. 20 bit output is
dithered with flat dither. 16 bit output can either be dithered flat
(recommended for multitrack recording) or 16 bit noiseshaped
(recommended for final masters, printing to CDR or DAT machine).
The Supershaper HR (tm) used for 16 bit wordlenght reduction is a
sophisticated 9th order noise shaper with dither, similar in operation to
Pow-r #3 (tm) noise reduction algorithm (see: "Supershaper HR...")
10
6. Synchronize the destination either to digital input sync or to wordclock
sync, depending on system configuration. The quality of recorded signal
does not depend on how the digital destination is synchronized with
Mytek AD converter.
7. Record- adjust input level by adjusting level at the source. Unless you
are printing final CD master, we do not recommend recording too hot.
There is no sonic benefit of pushing the level up to 0dBFS. A healthy 1-23 dBs headroom allows more freedom in later processing and mixing of
recorded tracks. The red peak light is triggered digitally when 1 or more
samples are overload. It's not recommended to peak frequently although
occasional overloads might be acceptable.
Sampling frequencies
and External Synchronization
In typical setup the ADC is running on its internal clock with the rest of
equipment synchronized to Mytek clock either through digital output
signal or wordclock. In this configuration Mytek ADC serves as a very
stable low jitter house clock which increases the integrity and robustness
of the rest of the system. Because of careful design this clock is as good or
better than dedicated studio clock generators. Unlike in lesser quality
equipment there is no sonic benefit in clocking Mytek ADC externally.
Mytek internal clock generator is situated within inches of converter chip
and it will always provide a better jitter performance (approx 10ps) than
any external source which is inherently compromised by cable
connections. If external wordclock or superclock source has to be used for
systemic reasons, the Stereo96ADC clock generator will lock to external
source and use a stabilizing PLL circuit to reduce incoming clock jitter
before it reaches the actual AD circuit.
Stereo96ADC can be operated with any of 4 standard sampling
frequencies or at any frequency btwn. 30k-100k when supplied with
external clock source. The measurable audio band performance (Dynamic
Range) stays virtually the same within all these frequencies.
44.1k will be typically used for printing final master. 48k is recommended
for digital video production.
The two higher sampling rates are recommended for discerning users
requiring uncompromised sound quality. In this mode the ADC features a
40kHz bandwidth (instead of 20k) which allows for improved transient
response of recorded music as well as minimized the impact of brick wall
antialiasing digital filters on the upper audio band. The end effect of hisampling recording is a more "analog feel" and easiness of sound and
more natural sounding instruments especially percussion or cymbals.
A decision of choice btwn. 88.2k or 96k should be made based on the
project flow- there might be arguments for one or the other. For example
88.2k may convert to 44.1k with less damaging SRC process, if such
process is available. Most ubiquitous software SRCs are not very good
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and must not be used for critical projects downsampling. Some such as
Faulkner Downsampler (http://www.audiosignal.co.uk/freeware.html)
provide excellent results for 88.2>44.1 but don't work for 96k. 88.2k is
also easier to upsample to DSD.
96k sample rate, has in our opinion, a marginally better perceived sound
quality than 88.2k but the difference is very small and difficult to perceive
for most people. If the record is going to be mixed in analog domain, 96k
might be a desirable choice for tracking.
Mytek “SuperShaper-HR” ™
Noise Shaping and Dither
The Stereo96 A/D converter employs SuperShaper-HR ™ - a
sophisticated psychoacoustically optimized noise shaping and dithering
algorithm. SuperShaper-HR ™ uses 9th order high resolution noise
shaping filters with proprietary filter coefficients developed by Mytek Inc.
The appropriate noiseshaping curve is programmed into noiseshaping
filters. This feature allows for preserving most of 24 bit performance in 16
bit data output.
60dB
Effective 19 bit performance
50dB
40dB
30dB
20dB
10dB
0dB
16 bit noise level
-10dB
-20dB
-30dB
-40dB
0HZ
5k
10k
15k
20k
25k
Noise shaper performance graphs at 16 bit output
.
When noise-shaping processing is on, the quantization noise is removed
from the audio band, where the noise floor is kept as close as possible to
the 24 bit level, and moved to the 20-22 kHz range.
The noise-shaping filters are automatically engaged at appropriate levels
when 16 bit output marked "Supershaper HR" is selected. If 24 or 20 bit
bit output is selected, the noise-shaping filter is off.
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More information about use of noise shaping in high resolution recording
can be found in the following Audio Engineering Society Preprints
( http://www.aes.org ):
“Optimal Noise Shaping and Dither of Digital Signals”
“Coding Methods for High Resolution Recording Systems”
Preprint Number: 2822 Convention: 87 1989-10
Author: Michael Gerzon
Author: Peter G. Craven
Preprint Number: 4639 Convention: 103 1997-09
Author: J. Robert Stuart
This paper discusses optimizing noise shaping, with or without dither,
using filtered error-feedback round a quantizer.
This paper reviews the recording and reproduction chain from the
viewpoints of digital audio engineering and psychoacoustics. It also
attempts to define the audio requirements of a transparent digital audio
channel. The theory and practice of selecting high sample rates such as
96kHz and word lengths of up to 24 bits are examined. The relative
importance of sampling rate and word size at various points in the
recording, mastering, transmission, and replay chain is discussed.
“Dynamic Range Enhancement Using Noise-Shaped Dither at 44.1, 48,
and 96 kHz”
Preprint Number: 4236
Author: J. R. Stuart
Author: R. J. Wilson
“Psychoacoustically Optimal Noise Shaping”
Preprint Number: 2965 Convention: 89 1990-09
AES Journal Vol:Issue: 40:7/8 Page: 611 Year: 1992
Author: Robert A. Wannamaker
This paper examines the design of psycho-acoustically optimal noise
shaping filters for requantization in non-oversampling digital audio
applications.
Convention: 100 1996-05
This paper presents an overview of the work done on noise shaping,
summarizing how noise shapers are designed, implemented and measured,
and outlining the hearing model used to evaluate the various designs
achieved.
“Dynamic Range Enhancement Using Noise-Shaped Dither Applied to
Signals with and without Preemphasis”
Preprint Number: 3871 Convention: 96 1994-03
Author: Robert Stuart
Author: Rhonda J. Wilson
This paper presents new noise-shaped dithers designed to give increased
subjective dynamic range when applied to signals with and without preemphasis.
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Companion Stereo96 DAC
Rack Mount Shelf
The Stereo96 ADC is 1/3 rack space wide and 1U tall.
Mytek provides a 1U rack mount shelf as accessory to mount up to 3 of
1/3 rack units. The units are attached to shelf with small screw connecting
the shelf to bottom through a threaded hole on the bottom of the unit.
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this page will be updated
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Warranty
Specifications
This Stereo96ADC digital audio converter is warranted by Mytek to the
original purchaser against defects in workmanship and materials used in
manufacture for a period of one year from the date of purchase. Faults due
to customer misuse, unauthorized modifications or accidents are not
covered by this warranty.
Conversion:
Linear,
128x oversampling at 44.1/48kHz
64x oversampling at 88.2/96kHz
Resolution:
24 bit
Sample rates:
44.1kHz, 48kHz, 88.2kHz, 96kHz
or wordclock 25-100kHz
Dynamic Range:
120dB A-weighted, 117dB Total
THD+Noise:
-105dB (<0.0005%)
Internal clock jitter:
<10picoseconds
Analog Inputs:
+4dBm balanced or unbalanced, 10kOhm
Digital outputs:
Hi-speed (25-100kHz) AES/EBU and SPDIF
Optical TOSLINK SPDIF/ADAT
External Sync.:
Wordclock in and out.
or 256x Superclock
Wordlock Out
used as house clock:
No other warranty is expressed or implied.
Any faulty unit should be sent, shipping prepaid, to the manufacturer
service center. Prior to shipping the client should obtain from Mytek an
RMA# for warranty services. Units sent without RMA# will not be
accepted.
Mytek extends affordable repair service for all units manufactured to date
that are not covered by this Warranty.
15 LS TTL loads max. Can be terminated.
Input Gain.:
Fixed -15dBFS or format potentiometer
or 10 turn precision trimpots adjustable
Mains:
100/115V-220/240V 50/60Hz switchable
Dimensions:
1/3 rack space wide x 1U high x 8” deep
(5.5”x 1.6”x 8”)
Weight:
4 pounds
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