Agilent Technologies N8201A User`s guide

Agilent Technologies N8201A User`s guide
Agilent
N8201A Performance
Downconverter
Synthetic Instrument
Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
User’s Guide
Edition, December 18, 2007
N8201-90006
Agilent Technologies
Notices
© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2006, 2007
Manual Part Number
No part of this manual may be reproduced
in any form or by any means (including
electronic storage and retrieval or translation into a foreign language) without prior
agreement and written consent from Agilent Technologies, Inc. as governed by
United States and international copyright
laws.
N8201-90006
Edition
Edition, December 18, 2007
Printed in USA
Windows®
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
1400 Fountaingrove Pkwy
Santa Rosa, CA 95403
Adobe Acrobat Reader®
Warranty
The material contained in this document is provided “as is,” and is subject to being changed, without notice,
in future editions. Further, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable
law, Agilent disclaims all warranties,
either express or implied, with regard
to this manual and any information
contained herein, including but not
limited to the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent shall not be
liable for errors or for incidental or
consequential damages in connection
with the furnishing, use, or performance of this document or of any
information contained herein. Should
Agilent and the user have a separate
written agreement with warranty
terms covering the material in this
document that conflict with these
terms, the warranty terms in the separate agreement shall control.
Technology Licenses
The hardware and/or software described in
this document are furnished under a
license and may be used or copied only in
accordance with the terms of such license.
Restricted Rights Legend
If software is for use in the performance of
a U.S. Government prime contract or subcontract, Software is delivered and
licensed as “Commercial computer software” as defined in DFAR 252.227-7014
(June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as
defined in FAR 2.101(a) or as “Restricted
computer software” as defined in FAR
52.227-19 (June 1987) or any equivalent
agency regulation or contract clause. Use,
duplication or disclosure of Software is
subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard
commercial license terms, and non-DOD
Departments and Agencies of the U.S. Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR
52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users will receive no greater than
Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-14
(June 1987) or DFAR 252.227-7015 (b)(2)
(November 1995), as applicable in any
technical data.
Safety Notices
CAU TI O N
A CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating procedure, practice, or the like
that, if not correctly performed or
adhered to, could result in damage
to the product or loss of important
data. Do not proceed beyond a
CAUTION notice until the indicated
conditions are fully understood and
met.
WA RN ING
A WARNING notice denotes a
hazard. It calls attention to an
operating procedure, practice, or
the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result
in personal injury or death. Do not
proceed beyond a WARNING
notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
Introducing the N8201A Performance Downconverter
The Agilent Technologies N8201A performance downconverter down converts a microwave
signal to an IF signal providing IF output frequencies of 7.5, 21.4, and 321.4 MHz to offer
three different signal bandwidth capabilities. External mixing can be utilized to down
convert microwave signals up to 110 GHz. The N8201A is based upon the industry’s most
accurate spectrum analyzer, the PSA Series.
Agilent's synthetic instrument family offers the highest-performing RF/MW LAN-based
modular instrumentation and the smallest footprint for automated test systems; providing
the maximum flexibility and minimizing the cost of an ATS over its lifetime.
Agilent’s synthetic instrument modules use LAN eXtension for Instrumentation (LXI)
modular format. LXI differs from other modular formats (such as VXI and PXI) by using an
external computer and local area network (LAN), rather than embedded computers, for
control.
The LXI standard supports the IEEE 1588 time synchronization and protocol standard, which
allows synchronous triggering of different instruments, even with different-length LAN
cables. The IEEE 1588 precision time protocol (PTP) enables a common sense of time over a
distributed system.
Synthetic instrument modules offered by Agilent Technologies include the following:
• N8201A performance downconverter, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
• N8211A performance analog upconverter, 250 kHz to 20 / 40 GHz
• N8212A performance vector upconverter, 250 kHz to 20 GHz
• N8221A IF digitizer, 30 MS/s
• N8241A arbitrary waveform generator, 15-Bit, 1.25 GS/s or 625 MS/s
• N8242A arbitrary waveform generator, 10-Bit, 1.25 GS/s or 625 MS/s
For further information, refer to:
http://www.agilent.com/find/synthetic
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Contents
Introducing the N8201A Performance Downconverter
3
1 Software Installation
Installing Software and Instrument Drivers 6
Step 1. Install the Agilent I/O Libraries 7
Step 2. Install the IVI Shared Components 9
Step 3. Install the Agilent Synthetic Instrument Finder 10
Step 4. Install the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI 11
Step 5. Install the IVI-COM Drivers 12
Step 6. Install the Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter User Interface
Installing Optional Software and Instrument Drivers 15
(Optional) Step 7. Install the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI
(Optional) Step 8. Install the Microsoft Virtual Machine (VM) 18
(Optional) Step 9. Install the Apache HTTP Server 20
(Optional) Step 10. Install the SA Remote Web Server 23
14
16
2 Hardware Setup and Configuration
Step 1. Unpack the N8201A Performance Downconverter
Verify the Shipment 26
(Optional) Prepare the Instrument for Rack Mounting
26
26
Step 2. Connect LAN Cables and Turn On Power 27
(Optional) Connect to a LAN with a Cross-Over LAN Cable
Step 3. Verify Connection with Synthetic Instrument Finder
29
30
(Optional) Step 4. Connect to the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI
(Optional) Step 5. Connect to an SA Remote Web Server
(Optional) Step 6. Verify Operation < 3 GHz
Performing a Self-Test 41
41
(Optional) Step 7. Verify Operation > 3 GHz
Performing a Self-Test 45
45
32
34
Troubleshooting 48
Alternative Ways to Verify Connectivity to the PC 48
How to Use the Synthetic Instrument Finder 49
How to Reset the LAN Configuration 53
How to Set a Static IP Address 54
How to Troubleshoot Connectivity Problems on the Network
How to Determine a PCs Configuration Settings 58
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
If the Instrument was Unable to Join the LAN 60
If the LAN LED is Red 60
If the Instrument’s IP Address or Hostname Cannot be Found with Ping
If the Instrument is Not Found by the Synthetic Instrument Finder 61
If the Instrument’s Hostname and PC Cannot Communicate 61
If the Instrument Web Page is Not Visible 62
If the Software Driver Will Not Open the Connection 62
61
3 Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Starting the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Left Pane 66
Right Pane 66
Features of the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
File Menu 67
Help 68
Left Pane 69
Right Pane 70
65
67
Settings on the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI 72
Frequency 72
Frequency List 72
Level 74
Input RF 74
IF Output 74
Reference Oscillator 74
Preselector (Option 123) 75
External Mixer 75
Calibration 76
Events (Settling Events and Event Logging) 76
Event Logging 77
Preset 78
Refresh All Values 78
4 Front and Rear Panel Features
N8201A Performance Downconverter Front Panel Features
RF INPUT 80
Power 80
Line Power LED 81
LAN LED 81
1588 LED 82
COHERENT CARRIERS 82
2
80
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
EXT MIXER 83
IF OUTPUTS 83
TRIGGERS 83
REFERENCES 83
IF LOG VIDEO (Option V7L) 84
NOISE SOURCE +28 V (PULSED) (Option 219)
VGA OUT 84
84
N8201A Performance Downconverter Rear Panel Features
AC Power Receptacle 85
LAN 85
LXI Trigger Bus 86
Interconnect Cabling
85
87
Operational Considerations 88
Agilent 89601A Vector Signal Analysis Software 88
Configuring the Local Area Network (LAN) Interface 88
5 Preventive Maintenance
Using, Inspecting, and Cleaning RF Connectors
Repeatability 90
RF Cable and Connector Care 90
Proper Connector Torque 91
Connector Wear and Damage 91
SMA Connector Precautions 91
Cleaning Procedure 92
General Procedures and Techniques
Connector Removal 94
Instrument Removal 96
Standard instrument 96
Half-Rack-Width Instrument
Bench Top Instrument 97
90
93
97
Instrument Installation 98
Standard rack instrument 98
Half-Rack-Width Instrument 99
Bench Top Instrument 99
6 Service, Support, and Safety Information
Safety and Regulatory Information
EMC 102
Safety 102
102
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Safety Summary 102
Equipment Installation 103
Environmental Conditions 104
Before Applying Power 104
Magnetic Susceptibility 105
Vibration 105
Ground the Instrument or System 105
Fuses and Circuit Breakers 106
Maintenance 106
Safety symbols and Instrument Markings
106
Service and Support 109
Agilent on the Web 109
Return Procedure 110
Shipping the Instrument 110
7 Glossary
4
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
User’s Guide
1
Software Installation
This installation process installs the required software and instrument drivers used by the
N8201A performance downconverter:
“Verify the PC Meets Minimum Requirements" on page 6
“Step 1. Install the Agilent I/O Libraries" on page 7
“Step 2. Install the IVI Shared Components" on page 9
“Step 3. Install the Agilent Synthetic Instrument Finder" on page 10
“Step 4. Install the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 11
“Step 5. Install the IVI-COM Drivers" on page 12
“Step 6. Install the Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter
User Interface" on page 14
Install the following only if the N8201A performance downconverter has Option H02
“(Optional) Step 7. Install the Agilent N8201A Option H02
Spectrum Analyzer GUI" on page 16
Install the following only if the N8201A performance downconverter has Option H02
(Optional Steps 8, 9, and 10 are available to support legacy installations and are not
required if the software from Step 7 is being used. This interface can be installed
along with the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI, but only one
interface can be used at any given time.)
“(Optional) Step 8. Install the Microsoft Virtual Machine (VM)" on page 18
“(Optional) Step 9. Install the Apache HTTP Server" on page 20
“(Optional) Step 10. Install the SA Remote Web Server" on page 23
Agilent Technologies
5
1
Software Installation
Installing Software and Instrument Drivers
1 Verify the PC Meets Minimum Requirements
• 1 GHz Intel Pentium processor
• Microsoft Windows XP Professional or Home Edition (Service Pack 1
or 2), Windows 2000 (Service Pack 2)
• 512 MB of RAM
• Up to 40 MB of available hard- disk space
• Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 (or higher), or Netscape 7.1 or 8.0
2 Place the CD with the Instrument Drivers and Documentation in the CD-ROM drive.
NO TE
a Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or later is used during this installation process and can be
installed from the CD described above.
b Click Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 to install the software, if needed.
3 Click Instrument Drivers.
CAU TI O N
If the following software or instrument drivers are installed on the PC to be used, uninstall
them and install the software and instrument drivers shipped on the CD described above:
Step 1. Agilent I/O Libraries
Step 2. IVI Shared Components
Step 3. Agilent Synthetic Instrument Finder
Step 4. Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Step 5. IVI-COM Drivers
Step 6. Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter User Interface
(Optional) Install the following only if the downconverter has Option H02
Step 7. Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI
(Optional) Steps 8, 9, and 10 are available to support legacy installations and are not
required if the software from Step 7 is being used. This interface can be installed along with
the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI, but only one interface can be used
at any given time.
Step 8. Microsoft Virtual Machine (VM)
Step 9. Apache HTTP Server
Step 10. SA Remote Web Server
6
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
1
Step 1. Install the Agilent I/O Libraries
1 Select Agilent I/O Libraries.
2 Click the check box, “Do not show this message again” so that the check box is
selected. This will stop the message from displaying each time a selection is made from
the Software and Driver Installation menu.
3 Click Open.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
Software Installation
4 Follow the instructions and accept the default settings.
5 Click Finish.
8
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
1
Step 2. Install the IVI Shared Components
1 Select IVI Shared Components.
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
3 Click Finish.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Software Installation
Step 3. Install the Agilent Synthetic Instrument Finder
1 Select Agilent Synthetic Instrument Finder.
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
3 Click Close.
10
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
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Step 4. Install the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
1 Select Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
Click Close.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
Software Installation
Step 5. Install the IVI-COM Drivers
There are two different IVI-COM drivers available for the N8201A performance
downconverter.
• If the N8201A performance downconverter is equipped with Option H02, a different
IVI-COM driver is available that enables functionality similar to a PSA spectrum analyzer.
• If the N8201A performance downconverter is not equipped with Option H02, only
downconverter functions are available.
1 Select one of the IVI-COM Drivers.
12
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
1
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
You should see the above dialog when the installation is complete for IVI-COM that
supports Option H02 and the below dialog when the installation is complete for IVI-COM
that supports N8201A performance downconverters that are not equipped with Option H02.
3 Click Finish.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
Software Installation
Step 6. Install the Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter User Interface
1 Select Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter User Interface.
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
3 Click Close.
14
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
1
Software Installation
Installing Optional Software and Instrument Drivers
Software for steps 7, 8, 9, and 10 can be installed on your PC, but Option H02 is required to
use these software applications with the N8201A performance downconverter; prior to
continuing, verify that Option H02 is installed.
To Verify that Option H02 is Installed
1 Start the Synthetic Instrument Finder (from the Windows Desktop,
click Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Synthetic Instrument Finder).
2 Select an instrument, from the left-hand pane of the Synthetic Instrument Finder, and
right-click on the instrument with the mouse.
3 Select Interactive IO.
4 Type *OPT? at the Command prompt and click Send & Read.
5 Read the response in the Instrument Session History box; the required option should be
listed as H02.
If Option H02 is Installed
• If Option H02 is installed, proceed to “(Optional) Step 7. Install the Agilent N8201A
Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI" on page 16.
• If Option H02 is installed, you can also use the SA Remote Web Server. To use this
optional interface, you must perform “(Optional) Step 8. Install the Microsoft Virtual
Machine (VM)" on page 18, “(Optional) Step 9. Install the Apache HTTP Server" on
page 20, and “(Optional) Step 10. Install the SA Remote Web Server" on page 23; this
interface can be installed along with the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer
GUI, but only one interface can be used at any given time.
If Option H02 is Not Installed
• If Option H02 is not installed, software installation is complete!
The N8201A performance downconverter can be manually controlled on instruments
without Option H02 by using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
(Refer to “Starting the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 65.)
• Without Option H02, the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI cannot
be used and does not need the software installed.
• Without Option H02, the N8201A performance downconverter cannot be used with
the SA Remote Web Server and does not need software installed for the Microsoft
Virtual Machine (VM), the Apache HTTP Server, or the SA Remote Web Server.
a Close the Interactive IO dialog box.
b Close the Synthetic Instrument Finder dialog box.
c Click Exit CD-ROM. The software and driver installation is complete!
d Restart the computer and continue to “Hardware Setup and Configuration" on
page 25.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Software Installation
(Optional) Step 7. Install the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI
NO TE
Before performing this optional installation step, read about
“Installing Optional Software and Instrument Drivers" on page 15.
1 Select Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI.
16
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
1
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
3 Click Close.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
Software Installation
(Optional) Step 8. Install the Microsoft Virtual Machine (VM)
NO TE
Before performing this optional installation step, read about
“Installing Optional Software and Instrument Drivers" on page 15.
1 Select Microsoft Virtual Machine (VM).
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
3 Click OK.
18
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
1
4 Click No on the Microsoft VM dialog box. This step will be completed later in the
process after the SA Remote Web Server is installed.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
Software Installation
(Optional) Step 9. Install the Apache HTTP Server
NO TE
Before performing this optional installation step, read about
“Installing Optional Software and Instrument Drivers" on page 15.
1 Select Apache HTTP Server.
20
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
1
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings
3 Click Next.
4 Click Next.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
Software Installation
5 Click Finish.
22
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Software Installation
1
(Optional) Step 10. Install the SA Remote Web Server
NO TE
Before performing this optional installation step, read about
“Installing Optional Software and Instrument Drivers" on page 15.
1 Select SA Remote Web Server.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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1
Software Installation
2 Follow the installation instructions and accept the default settings.
3 Click Finish.
4 Click Cancel on the Configure dialog box. This step will be completed later in the
process after restarting the computer.
5 Close the Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Software and Driver Installation
menu (driver_installation_list.pdf dialog box).
6 Click Exit CD-ROM. The software and driver installation is complete.
7 Restart the computer and continue to “Hardware Setup and Configuration" on page 25.
NO TE
24
Restart the computer!
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
User’s Guide
2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
“Step 1. Unpack the N8201A Performance Downconverter" on page 26
“Step 2. Connect LAN Cables and Turn On Power" on page 27
“Step 3. Verify Connection with Synthetic Instrument Finder" on page 30
“(Optional) Step 4. Connect to the Agilent N8201A Option H02
Spectrum Analyzer GUI" on page 32
“(Optional) Step 5. Connect to an SA Remote Web Server" on page 34
“(Optional) Step 6. Verify Operation < 3 GHz" on page 41
“(Optional) Step 7. Verify Operation > 3 GHz" on page 45
“Troubleshooting" on page 48
• “Alternative Ways to Verify Connectivity to the PC" on page 48
• “How to Reset the LAN Configuration" on page 53
• “How to Set a Static IP Address" on page 54
• “How to Troubleshoot Connectivity Problems on the Network" on page 58
• “How to Determine a PCs Configuration Settings" on page 58
• “If the Instrument was Unable to Join the LAN" on page 60
• “If the LAN LED is Red" on page 60”
• “If the Instrument’s IP Address or Hostname Cannot be Found with Ping" on page 61
• “If the Instrument is Not Found by the Synthetic Instrument Finder" on page 61”
• “If the Instrument’s Hostname and PC Cannot Communicate" on page 61”
• “If the Instrument Web Page is Not Visible" on page 62”
• “If the Software Driver Will Not Open the Connection" on page 62”
Agilent Technologies
25
2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
Step 1. Unpack the N8201A Performance Downconverter
WA RN ING
NO TE
The unique shape of the N8201A performance downconverter was intended to allow
multiple instruments to reside in a compact system that is both modular and
transportable. With instruments adjacent to each other, handles could not be installed on
the respective instruments. Exercise caution when lifting and carrying the instrument to
avoid personal injury. At 25.9 kilograms (57 pounds) shipping weight and 19 kilograms
(42 pounds) net weight, it is recommended that two people be utilized for instrument
lifting and transport.
Verify that any options ordered are included with the shipment by checking the packing
literature included with the shipment.
The serial number label on the N8201A performance downconverter only verifies
hardware/firmware options. The packing literature verifies all items shipped.
Verify the Shipment
1 Inspect the shipping container for damage.
Signs of damage may include a dented or torn shipping container or cushioning material
that shows signs of unusual stress or compacting.
2 Carefully remove the contents from the shipping container and verify that the order is
complete.
The following items are shipped standard with each N8201A performance
downconverter:
• instrument drivers, synthetic graphical user interface, and documentation CD-ROM
(p/n N8201-90004)
• three-prong AC power cord specific to geographic location
(Optional) Prepare the Instrument for Rack Mounting
CAU TI O N
26
If the N8201A performance downconverter is to be placed in a system rack, the feet
currently attached can be replaced with the rack mount feet (part number
W1312-40032) supplied with the accessories. Failure to do so can result in a safety
issue. For further information, refer to the Agilent N8200A Series Synthetic
Instrument Modules, Rack Configuration Guide, N8200-90003.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
Step 2. Connect LAN Cables and Turn On Power
Install the N8201A performance downconverter so that the detachable power cord is
readily identifiable and is easily reached by the operator. The detachable power cord is the
instrument disconnecting device. It disconnects the mains circuits from the mains supply
before other parts of the instrument. The front panel switch is only a standby switch and is
not a LINE switch. Alternatively, an externally installed switch or circuit breaker (which is
readily identifiable and is easily reached by the operator) may be used as a disconnecting
device.
Before connecting to a LAN, verify your local policy by contacting the system administrator
in your Information Technology (IT) department and inquire about connecting instruments
to the LAN.
• If the network uses DHCP [Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol], an address is
assigned to the device automatically. If you need to know what the IP address is, it can
be determined using the Synthetic Instrument Finder. (Refer to “Step 3. Verify
Connection with Synthetic Instrument Finder" on page 30.)
• If DHCP is not present, but the instrument is set to use DHCP (the default), the
instrument waits two minutes for its DHCP request to time out. When the
N8201A performance downconverter is used in this situation, there is a time delay of
approximately three minutes between the time of when the N8201A performance
downconverter’s power is turned on and when it is available for use.
• If the network does not use DHCP, you can use Auto IP or configure your LAN
settings manually. Although you can also manually configure LAN settings in a
network with DHCP, it is recommended that you do so with the assistance of your
system administrator.
• If the network uses Auto IP (does not use DHCP), the N8201A performance
downconverter acquires a 169.254.xxx.xxx address. (Refer to “How to Set a Static IP
Address" on page 54.)
NO TE
If you wish to communicate directly between the N8201A performance downconverter and
your PC without the use of a LAN hub, you can connect directly to your PC. (Refer to
“(Optional) Connect to a LAN with a Cross-Over LAN Cable" on page 29.)
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
1 Connect a LAN cable from the LAN connector on your PC to an empty connector on your
internal local area network or LAN hub.
2 Connect a LAN cable from the LAN connector on the rear panel of the
N8201A performance downconverter to an empty connector on your internal local area
network or LAN hub.
3 Turn on power to the PC.
4 Turn on power to the N8201A performance downconverter and wait until the LAN LED
turns solid green or until you hear an attenuator click from within the
N8201A performance downconverter; this can take up to four minutes depending on
whether the instrument is using DHCP or Auto IP.
28
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Hardware Setup and Configuration
(Optional) Connect to a LAN with a Cross-Over LAN Cable
If you wish to communicate directly between the N8201A performance downconverter and
your PC without the use of a LAN hub, you can connect directly to your PC.
1 Connect a cross-over LAN cable from the LAN connector on your PC to the LAN
connector on the rear panel of the N8201A performance downconverter.
2 Turn on power to the PC.
3 Turn on power to the N8201A performance downconverter and wait until the LAN LED
turns solid green or until you hear an attenuator click from within the
N8201A performance downconverter; this can take up to four minutes depending on
whether the instrument is using DHCP or Auto IP.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
Step 3. Verify Connection with Synthetic Instrument Finder
Agilent supplies a program named the Synthetic Instrument Finder that enables
connection between a PC and instruments that are connected on a LAN [Local Area
Network].
1 From the Windows Desktop,
click Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Synthetic Instrument Finder.
The Synthetic Instrument Finder should appear and look similar to the following.
2 Select an instrument, from the left-hand pane of the Synthetic Instrument Finder, and
right-click on an instrument with the mouse.
30
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
3 Select Open Webpage and a Web browser should appear that allows viewing and
modifying settings for instruments on the network.
• If this Web page does not open or you experience an error, refer to
“Troubleshooting" on page 48.
• If this Web page opens, you have verified connectivity and can continue
on to one of the following:
• With Option H02 not installed, refer to
“Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 63
• With Option H02 installed, refer to
“(Optional) Step 4. Connect to the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer
GUI" on page 32
• With Option H02 installed, refer to
“(Optional) Step 5. Connect to an SA Remote Web Server" on page 34.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
(Optional) Step 4. Connect to the Agilent N8201A Option H02
Spectrum Analyzer GUI
NO TE
If Option H02 is not installed, the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI
software cannot be used!
In addition to Option H02, you must have performed “(Optional) Step 7. Install the Agilent
N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI" on page 16; this interface can be installed
along with the SA Web Remote Server, but only one interface can be used at any given time.
(For further software installation information, refer to “Installing Optional Software and
Instrument Drivers" on page 15.)
The N8201A performance downconverter can be manually controlled on instruments
without Option H02 by using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
(Refer to “Starting the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 65.)
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Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
This section describes how to access and use the Agilent N8201A Option H02
Spectrum Analyzer GUI.
1 From the Windows Desktop, click
Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI.
2 Click File > Connect (upper-left corner)
on the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI.
3 Enter the VISA Address (for example, TCPIP0::141.121.87.18::inst0::instr) of the
instrument being connected to and click OK.
• If you don’t know the IP address of the instrument, that is used as part of the
VISA Address connection string, refer to the Default IP Address that is displayed
when verifying connection with the Synthetic Instrument Finder. (Refer to “Step 3.
Verify Connection with Synthetic Instrument Finder" on page 30.)
The Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI controls the N8201A performance
downconverter that is equipped with Option H02 and simulates the functionality of an
Agilent PSA spectrum analyzer. To learn how to use the controls of this GUI interface, refer
to the PSA documentation.
PSA documentation is available from the Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter
Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz, Instrument Drivers and Documentation CD
(refer to “Installing Software and Instrument Drivers" on page 6) or from the Web at:
http://www.agilent.com/find/psa
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
(Optional) Step 5. Connect to an SA Remote Web Server
NO TE
If Option H02 is not installed, the SA Remote Web Server software cannot be used!
In addition to Option H02, you must have installed the Microsoft Virtual Machine (VM), the
Apache HTTP Server, and the SA Remote Web Server software; this interface can be
installed along with the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI, but only one
interface can be used at any given time. (For further software installation information, refer
to “Installing Optional Software and Instrument Drivers" on page 15.)
The N8201A performance downconverter can be manually controlled on instruments
without Option H02 by using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
(Refer to “Starting the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 65.)
1 From the Windows Desktop,
select Start > All Programs > Agilent I/O Libraries Suite > Agilent Connection Expert.
2 Click Add Interface.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
3 Select Remote GPIB (via E5810 or Remote IO Server).
4 Click Add.
5 Enter the N8201A performance downconverter’s IP address.
If you do not know the IP address, use the Synthetic Instrument Finder.
a From the Windows Desktop,
select Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools> Synthetic Instrument Finder.
b Select an instrument from the list of instruments shown to see its IP address.
IP Address
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
The Remote GPIB interface dialog box should look similar to the following:
6 Select IP address and enter the IP Address of the N8201A performance downconverter
in the Remote GPIB Interface dialog box.
7 Enter gpib7 for the Interface Name on Remote Host.
8 Click Test connection. If the connection was successful, text stating “The interface was
successfully opened“ should appear.
9 Click OK.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
10 From the Windows Desktop,
select Start > All Programs > Agilent Web Remote > SA > Configure and a
Configure dialog box similar to the following should appear.
11 Click Continue and a dialog box similar to the following should appear.
12 Click Yes on the Instrument Information dialog box.
13 Click OK.
14 From the Windows Desktop, select Start > Run.
15 Enter CMD in the Run dialog box to select the Command Window.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
16 From the command window prompt, type ipconfig to get the IP Address of your
computer.
17 Write down your computer's IP address.
IP Address: __ __ __ . __ __ __ . __ __ __ . __ __ __
This IP address is needed in the following steps.
If you are attempting to access the web server from another machine, you need to make
sure to use the hostname or IP Address of the adapter that is on the same network as
the machine you are using. (In regards to the example above, if you are trying to access
the webpage from a machine on the network that is connected to the adapter with the
169.254.241.150 address, you need to use 169.254.241.150 and not 141.121.83.141 as the
IP Address.)
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
18 From the Windows Desktop,
select Start > All Programs > Agilent Web Remote > SA > Start Server to start the
Spectrum Analyzer Instrument Server.
19 From the Windows Desktop, select Microsoft’s Internet Explorer.
20 Insert your PC’s IP address (from the command window above).
Use the following syntax: http://141.121.83.141/index.html and a
display similar to the following should appear.
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
21 Select Web Control SA on the left of the web page.
• If one of the following dialog boxes appears, click Run or Install and accept the
installation.
If the following display appears, the SA Remote Web Server configuration is complete!
40
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
(Optional) Step 6. Verify Operation < 3 GHz
Operation verification is a test that, when completed, will ensure that the downconverter is
operating correctly in the low band (< 3 GHz).
CAU TI O N
Make sure that the total power of all signals at the downconverter input does not
exceed +30 dBm (1 watt).
Performing a Self-Test
Instrument Connections
• Downconverter: 7.5 MHz Out
• Spectrum Analyzer: RF Input
NO TE
The N8201A performance downconverter can be controlled with either the
SA Remote Web Server or the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI, but only one interface can
be used at any given time.
• If Option H02 is not installed, the N8201A performance downconverter can be manually
controlled using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
• If Option H02 is installed, you can use either the SA Remote Web Server or the
Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
(For information on using these different interfaces, refer to “(Optional) Step 4. Connect
to the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI" on page 32 or “Starting the
Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 65.)
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
Perform the following procedure to run a self-test:
1 Close SA Remote Web Server.
2 From the Windows Desktop,
select Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
3 Click the listed downconverter in the “Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI,
Recent Connections” dialog box.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
4 The following dialog box should appear.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
Measurement Procedure
5 Tune the Spectrum Analyzer to the following:
• Frequency: 7.5 MHz
• Amplitude: 10 dBm
• Span: 100 kHz
6 Tune the downconverter to the following:
• Level: Attenuator: 20 dBm
• RF Enabled: Enabled
• Input RF: Signal Source: 50 MHz Cal
• Frequency: 50 MHz
7 Verify that a 7.5 MHz signal is present on the spectrum analyzer.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
(Optional) Step 7. Verify Operation > 3 GHz
Operation verification is a test that, when completed, will ensure that the
N8201A performance downconverter is operating correctly in the high band (> 3 GHz).
CAU TI O N
Make sure that the total power of all signals at the N8201A performance
downconverter input does not exceed +30 dBm (1 watt).
Performing a Self-Test
Downconverter to Spectrum Analyzer Connections
• Downconverter: 7.5 MHz Out
• Spectrum Analyzer: RF Input
Downconverter to Source Connections
• Downconverter: RF Input
• Source: RF Output
Perform the following procedure to run a self-test:
1 From the Windows Desktop,
select Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2 Click the downconverter in the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI dialog box listed under
Recent Connections.
3 The following dialog box should appear.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
Measurement Procedure
4 Tune the Spectrum Analyzer to the following:
• Frequency: 7.5 MHz
• Amplitude: 10 dBm
• Span: 100 kHz
5 Tune the downconverter to the following:
• Center Frequency: 3.5 GHz
• Attenuator: 20 dBm
• RF Enabled: Enabled
• Source: Internal
6 Tune the Source to the following:
• Frequency: 3.5 GHz
• Amplitude: 0 dBm
• RF On
Verify that a 7.5 MHz signal is present on the spectrum analyzer.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
Troubleshooting
Alternative Ways to Verify Connectivity to the PC
In addition to using “Step 3. Verify Connection with Synthetic Instrument Finder" on
page 30 and “(Optional) Step 4. Connect to the Agilent N8201A Option H02
Spectrum Analyzer GUI" on page 32, connectivity can be verified between the
N8201A performance downconverter and the PC with the following:
• Verify that the LAN LED on the N8201A performance downconverter’s rear panel is
green or blinking green. This indicates a good connection.
If the LED is off, there is a problem with your LAN connection.
• Verify that the LAN LED on the N8201A performance downconverter’s front panel (next
to the LAN port) is solid green.
If the LED turns red, this indicates a problem with your LAN connection. This takes
approximately 60 seconds.
• Ping the N8201A performance downconverter from the PC.
a From the Windows Desktop, select Start > Run.
b At the Open prompt, type CMD and press Enter to open a command window.
c At the command prompt, type Ping and the instrument’s IP address (for example,
Ping 141.121.84.108.) or type Ping and the instruments hostname (for
example, Ping a-n8201a-00179).
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
How to Use the Synthetic Instrument Finder
Agilent supplies a program named the Synthetic Instrument Finder that enables
connection between a PC and instruments that are connected on a LAN [Local Area
Network].
1 From the Windows Desktop,
click Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Synthetic Instrument Finder.
The Synthetic Instrument Finder should appear and look similar to the following.
2 Select an instrument, from left-hand pane of the Synthetic Instrument Finder, and
right-click on an instrument with the mouse.
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
The Synthetic Instrument Finder window is divided into two main sections:
• right pane contains information specific to the instrument highlighted in the left pane.
• left pane contains a list of equipment available on your LAN for connection.
Right-Pane Functions
Send Settings Sends the current instrument settings to the N8201A performance
downconverter. Use this function if you modified the settings in Instrument Finder.
5 Second Identify
Flashes the LAN LED for five seconds.
Turn On Ident LED When On, the LAN LED continuously flashes on and off. Once the
Turn On Ident LED button is pressed, the button name changes to Turn Off Ident LED.
Refresh List
Updates the device’s list.
Continuous Refresh
Updates the device’s list every one minute.
Add Device Manually Allows you to add a device for connection. Use this feature
only if your instrument does not appear in the Devices list.
a Click Add Device Manually. The Devices area will display a new listing titled
“Unknown”.
b In the Manual settings area, enter in the MAC address, serial number, and model
number of the device.
c In the LAN settings area, enter in the information for the new device. (Make sure
that you scroll down the list to get to the editable settings area.)
d Click Send Settings to enter this information in the Devices area.
e Double-click the new listing to open the webpage, or right-click and select Open
using Synthetic GUI to use the virtual interface.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
Left-Pane Functions
In the left pane, right-click on the N8201A performance downconverter and the
following menu should appear.
Interactive IO Opens the Agilent Interactive IO application which allows SCPI
commands to be sent to the instrument. (The Interactive IO option is only available if the
Agilent Connection Expert has been installed on the PC.)
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
Open Webpage Opens the Web page associated with the currently selected instrument.
From this Web page, settings for the instrument can be viewed and modified.
Tip:
There are two other ways to access the device’s Web page:
• By double-clicking on the Device listing in the Synthetic Instrument Finder.
• By typing in the device’s hostname or IP address in your Internet browser.
Open using Synthetic GUI
Opens the Synthetic Instrument GUI.
Copy VISA Address to Clipboard (IP Address)
clipboard for use in other applications.
Copies the VISA IP address to the
Copy VISA Address to Clipboard (Hostname) Copies the VISA hostname to the
clipboard for use in other applications. It is recommended that you use this address on
networks with DHCP and DNS network capability.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
How to Reset the LAN Configuration
On the instrument front panel, near the power switch, is a recessed button labeled
“RESET”. This button enables you to place the LAN configuration of the instrument
into a known state.
When this button is pressed (a straightened paper clip will do the job) the following
settings are made and the system reboots.
• Subnet Mask is set to 255.255.0.0
• DHCP is set to on
• Auto IP is set to on
• If DHCP and Auto IP are set to off, the IP address will be set to 192.168.EE.FF,
where EE and FF are the last two parts of the MAC address (AA.BB.CC.DD.EE.FF).
This is designed to prevent multiple instruments from using the same default IP
address (refer to the instrument label).
NO TE
If you had manually configured LAN settings before, you may have to reconfigure your
instrument to reset DHCP and Auto IP to OFF. Refer to “How to Set a Static IP Address" on
page 54.
• The instrument hostname is set to A-N82XXA-NNNNN, where N82XXA is the
instrument model number (such as N8201A) and NNNNN represents the last five
digits of the instrument serial number.
If the instrument is in an environment with a DHCP server, it is assigned an IP address
through DHCP. The IP address can be found by using the instrument hostname as the
URL in a web browser.
Without DHCP, the instrument will use Auto IP and acquire a 169.254.X.X address. If
no DHCP is present, but the instrument is set to use DHCP (the default), the instrument
will wait two minutes for its DHCP request to time out. In this case, there is a time delay
of approximately three minutes between when the instrument is powered on and when it
is usable.
Recessed
LAN RST
Button
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Hardware Setup and Configuration
How to Set a Static IP Address
The DHCP server automates the process of setting up the IP addresses on your network
by default. When the N8201A performance downconverter is turned on, it searches for a
DHCP server on the network and selects a “dynamic IP address”. Each time the
N8201A performance downconverter is rebooted, the N8201A performance
downconverter may get a different IP address. To set the N8201A performance
downconverter to a static IP address, rather than allowing the DHCP server to select an
auto IP address:
1 Assign a N8201A performance downconverter instrument IP address that will work with
your computer.
F
NO TE
For a company wide network, your system administrator will have to assign an IP address
that is compatible with your PC. If you have a private LAN network or a direct connection
from your PC to the instrument, you can assign the IP address. Refer to “Step 1. Unpack the
N8201A Performance Downconverter" on page 26.
2 Connect the N8201A performance downconverter in one of the following two
configurations:
• Connect a LAN cable from the LAN connector on your PC to an empty connector on
your internal local area network or LAN hub. Connect a LAN cable from the LAN
connector on the rear panel of the N8201A performance downconverter to an empty
connector on your internal local area network or LAN hub.
Figure 1
Connecting the PC LAN cable to a company/private LAN to the instrument LAN
• Connect a cross-over cable from the LAN connector on your PC to the LAN
connector on the rear panel of the N8201A performance downconverter.
54
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
Figure 2
Connecting the PC LAN cable to the instrument LAN (cross-over cable)
3 Turn on power to the PC.
4 Turn on power to the N8201A performance downconverter and wait until the LAN LED
turns solid green; this takes about 60 seconds.
5 From the Windows Desktop,
click Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Synthetic Instrument Finder.
The following Synthetic Instrument Finder dialog box should appear.
6 Select the N8201A performance downconverter listed in the Agilent Synthetic
Instrument Finder dialog box to access the N8201A performance downconverter Web
page.
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2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
7 Click View & Modify LAN Config in the left-pane of the Web page. The following dialog
box should appear.
8 Click Modify Configuration to access the Password dialog.
9 Click Submit (accept the default password) and the following dialog box should appear.
The default password is set to “agilent”.
Tip: You can change the password from the View & Modify LAN Connections. (Scroll
down the Parameter column until you locate the Change Password parameter.)
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
2
Hardware Setup and Configuration
10 Change the DHCP and Auto IP radio-buttons to Off. Change the IP address, Subnet
Mask, and Default Gateway values to meet your network requirements.
11 Click Save to save the new settings. Parameters marked with an asterisk (*) also require
that you click "Renew LAN settings" before changes take effect.
NO TE
For the new settings to become effective, you may first cycle the power of the instrument
and then cycle the power of the PC.
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Hardware Setup and Configuration
How to Troubleshoot Connectivity Problems on the Network
The Synthetic Instrument Finder program is used to find instruments on a network when
the N8201A performance downconverter is connected through a router or cross-over
cable. There are three possible configurations:
• connecting the PC through a company wide site LAN connection to the
N8201A performance downconverter
• connecting the PC to the same private LAN network as the instrument
• connecting the PC directly to the instrument using a cross-over cable - this would
typically be used for troubleshooting and is not normally used to control an
instrument directly
The N8201A performance downconverter is shipped with a default IP address. This
default IP address is 192.168.EE.FF, where EE and FF are the last two parts of the
Media Access Control (MAC) address (AA.BB.CC.DD.EE.FF).
How to Determine a PCs Configuration Settings
From a DOS Window
1 From the Windows Desktop, click Start > Run.
2 At the Open: prompt, type CMD and press Enter to open a DOS window.
3 At the command prompt, type ipconfig/all to display the PCs network connection
details.
Or,
From the PCs Control Panel
1 From the Windows Desktop, click Start > Settings > Control Panel > Network and
Internet Connections.
2 From the Network and Internet Connections window, double-click the Local Area
Connection.
3 In the Local Area Connection Status dialog, click the Support tab and click Details to
display the PCs Network Connection Details.
The Network Connection Details include:
• Physical Address
• DHCP status, enabled or disabled (displayed when using the DOS window ipconfig
command only)
• Auto configuration enabled or disabled (displayed when using the DOS window
ipconfig command only)
• IP Address
• Subnet Mask
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Hardware Setup and Configuration
2
• Default Gateway
• DHCP Server Address
• Lease Obtained
• Lease Expired
• Primary WINS Servers
• Secondary WINS Servers
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Hardware Setup and Configuration
If the Instrument was Unable to Join the LAN
or
If the LAN LED is Red
Symptom
Possible Causes
Possible Solutions
The instrument is not connected to a LAN.
If connecting the instrument to a switch or hub, verify
that the instrument is connected with a standard LAN
cable.
An incorrect LAN cable is being used.
• If connecting the instrument directly to a PC, verify
that the instrument is connected with a cross-over
cable.
• If connecting the instrument to a switch or hub,
verify that the instrument is connected with a
standard LAN cable.
The device’s LAN port is not active.
Connect the instrument to a known working LAN
port.
The device is configured to use DHCP, but no DHCP
server is available.
• Disable DHCP. Refer to “How to Set a Static IP
Address" on page 54.
• Connect the device to a LAN that uses a DHCP
server.
The instrument is configured to use a duplicate static
IP address.
• Make sure that no other device is using the same
IP address as your instrument.
• Configure your instrument to use a different IP
address. Refer to “How to Set a Static IP
Address" on page 54.
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Hardware Setup and Configuration
If the Instrument’s IP Address or Hostname Cannot be Found with Ping
Possible Causes
Possible Solutions
The instrument was unable to join the LAN.
See “If the Instrument was Unable to Join the
LAN" on page 60.
The instrument’s LAN settings are incorrect.
Verify that the instrument’s settings are appropriate
for your LAN.
A firewall is preventing communication between your Make sure that your firewall settings allow
PC and your instrument.
communication between your PC and other devices.
The instrument is using Auto-IP (That is, the
instrument assigned itself a 169.254.x.x IP address)
and your PC is not using Auto IP (That is, PC does not
have a 169.254.x.x IP address.)
• Disable Auto-IP on the instrument.
• Configure your PC to use Auto-IP.
If the Instrument is Not Found by the Synthetic Instrument Finder
Possible Causes
Possible Solutions
The instrument was unable to join the LAN.
See “If the Instrument was Unable to Join the
LAN" on page 60.
The instrument and PC are on different
switches/hubs and different subnets.
• Put the instrument on the same switch or hub as
your PC.
• If the instrument is using DHCP, make sure that the
instrument and the PC are put on the same subnet.
• If the instrument is using a static IP address, make
sure that the instrument IP address and subnet
mask put the instrument on the same subnet as
your PC.
If the Instrument’s Hostname and PC Cannot Communicate
Possible Causes
Possible Solutions
No DNS server is available.
Communicate with the instrument using the
instrument’s IP address.
The DNS server has not been updated.
Wait several minutes.
The PC cannot communicate with the device over
LAN.
See “If the Instrument’s IP Address or Hostname
Cannot be Found with Ping" on page 61.
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Hardware Setup and Configuration
If the Instrument Web Page is Not Visible
Possible Causes
Possible Solutions
• The instrument has not yet joined the LAN.
• The instrument is unable to join the LAN.
See “If the LAN LED is Red" on page 60.
Your PC cannot communicate with the device over
your LAN.
See “If the Instrument was Unable to Join the
LAN" on page 60.
You are attempting to use the device’s hostname and
the hostname is not working.
See “If the Instrument’s Hostname and PC Cannot
Communicate" on page 61.
Your browser is configured to use a proxy, and the
proxy does not allow communication with
instruments on the LAN.
Disable or reconfigure the proxy settings. Open
Internet Explorer and select Tools > Internet Options
> Connections > LAN Settings…
If the Software Driver Will Not Open the Connection
62
Possible Causes
Possible Solutions
Your PC cannot communicate with the device over
your LAN.
See “If the Instrument’s IP Address or Hostname
Cannot be Found with Ping" on page 61.
Someone else is currently connected to the
instrument.
Make sure that no one else is connected to the
instrument.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
User’s Guide
3
Using the
Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
“Starting the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 65
“Features of the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 67
“Settings on the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI" on page 72
Agilent Technologies
63
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
NO TE
Although only one interface can be used at any given time, the N8201A performance
downconverter can be controlled with any of the following:
• Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI
• SA Remote Web Server
• Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Which interface should be used:
• If Option H02 is not installed, the N8201A performance downconverter can be manually
controlled using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI; without Option H02, the
N8201A performance downconverter cannot be controlled with SCPI commands.
• If Option H02 is installed, you can use either the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum
Analyzer GUI, the SA Remote Web Server, or the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
(For information on using these different interfaces, refer to “(Optional) Step 4. Connect
to the Agilent N8201A Option H02 Spectrum Analyzer GUI" on page 32, “(Optional) Step
5. Connect to an SA Remote Web Server" on page 34, or “Starting the Agilent Synthetic
Instrument GUI" on page 65.)
To verify that Option H02 is installed:
1 Start the Synthetic Instrument Finder (from the Windows Desktop,
click Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Synthetic Instrument Finder).
2 Select an instrument, from the left-hand pane of the Synthetic Instrument Finder, and
right-click on the instrument with the mouse.
3 Select Interactive IO.
4 Type *OPT? at the Command prompt and click Send & Read.
5 Read the response in the Instrument Session History box; the required option should be
listed as H02.
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
3
Starting the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
This section describes how to access and use the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
1 From the Windows Desktop,
click Start > All Programs > Agilent SI Tools > Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
2 Click Connection Manager (lower-left corner)
on the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI dialog box.
3 Click Find Instruments (lower-left corner) on the Connect to Instrument dialog box.
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3
Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
4 Select an N8201A performance downconverter and click Test (lower-left corner) on the
Connect to Instrument dialog box.
• If the bottom of the dialog box displays the message “Connection Succeeded“, the
instrument was found and communication has been established.
• If the bottom of the dialog box displays the message “N8201A is not supported”, the
instrument is not communicating. Refer to “Troubleshooting" on page 48.
5 Click Connect (lower-right corner) on the Connect to Instrument dialog box and the
following dialog box should appear.
If the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI appears, the N8201A performance downconverter
has successfully connected using a LAN connection!
Left Pane
The lower portion of the left pane displays the settings available for adjustment on the
N8201A performance downconverter. Click a function button to activate that function and
the related functions are displayed in the Properties area. For example, Center Frequency is
the active function and all settings associated with Center Frequency are available for
modification.
Right Pane
The upper portion of the right pane always displays the functions that are most commonly
used for a measurement. These functions are also accessible from the left pane. Changing
one of these parameters changes the setting in the left pane as well.
The lower portion of the right pane can have three tabs: Dynamic Help, Instrument
Information, and the Event Log. For more information on theses areas, refer to “Dynamic
Help" on page 70, “Instrument Information" on page 71, and “Event Log" on page 71.
66
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
3
Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Features of the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
File Menu
The File menu accesses options for instrument connection, save and recall settings, and
exiting the application. Theses tasks are also available by clicking the icons on the tool bar.
Figure 3
File sub menu
Connect
Accesses the Connect to Instrument dialog box which is used to connect to an instrument
on the LAN hub.
Figure 4
Connect to Instrument Window
Reconnect
Re-establishes the connection to the instrument if the instrument has been disconnected.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Disconnect
Terminates the connection to the active instrument that is using the
Synthetic Instrument GUI.
Load Settings
Accesses the Load Instrument Properties dialog box where you can recall user-definable
instrument settings.
Save Settings
Accesses the Save Instrument Properties dialog box where you can save instrument
settings for use at a later time.
Exit
Closes the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI application.
Help
The Help menu displays the current versions of the GUI and drivers.
Figure 5
68
Help About Synthetic GUI
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
3
Left Pane
Start Page
The Start Page lists the instruments previously connected to the Agilent Synthetic
Instrument GUI.
Error Log
Displays a history of all instrument and GUI related errors and messages.
Figure 6
Error Log
Connection Manager
Table 1
Accesses the Connect to Instrument dialog box.
Controls available from the Connect to Instrument Dialog Box
Saved Connections
Accesses user defined connections.
Recent Connections
Displays a list of instruments that have recently been controlled by the
Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI.
Connection Expert
Accesses Agilent Connections Expert.
Find Instruments
Lists the instruments found in Instrument Finder.
Test
Tests the connection between the PC and the highlighted instrument.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Right Pane
The upper portion of the right pane always displays the functions that are most commonly
used for a measurement. These functions are also accessible from the left pane. Changing
one of these parameters changes the setting in the left pane as well.
The lower portion of the right pane can have the following tabs: Dynamic Help, Instrument
Information, and Event Log.
Dynamic Help
Provides information about the function currently selected in the left pane.
Figure 7
70
Dynamic Help
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
3
Instrument Information
Provides information about your N8201A performance downconverter such as the serial
number, IP address, software revision used, and so on.
Figure 8
Instrument Information Page
Event Log
When enabled in the Events parameters area, displays the event log history.
Figure 9
Event Log History
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Settings on the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Frequency
Sets the center frequency or frequency offset of the N8201A performance downconverter.
Center Frequency
Sets the center frequency while the span remains constant. The frequency range of the
N8201A performance downconverter is 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz plus the frequency offset. If the
External Mixer Enabled equals External, the frequency range is 3 Hz to 335 GHz.
Frequency Offset
Enables you to input a frequency offset value to account for external frequency
conversions. This value is added to the display readout of the marker frequency, center
frequency, start frequency, stop frequency, and all other absolute frequency settings. Limits
are −500 THz to 500 THz.
Frequency List
Sets up a list of frequencies for the instrument to step through. The list begins with Start
Frequency, and adds the Step Frequency until the Stop Frequency is reached. The next
trigger causes the list to be repeated.
Disabled
Prevents a frequency step sequence from being initiated.
Start
Sets the first frequency that will be swept on a list sweep.
Stop
Sets the last frequency that will be swept before the list is repeated.
Step
Sets the difference between successive swept frequencies.
Trigger Setup
Sets up the trigger that will be used to step through the frequency list.
Trigger Source
Sets the source of triggers. When the specified trigger occurs, the instrument will move to
the next frequency in its frequency list. Possible values are:
72
EXT - TTL
LX10
LX11
LX12
LX13
LX14
LX15
LX16
LX17
LAN0
LAN1
LAN2
LAN3
LAN4
LAN5
LAN6
LAN7
ALARM0
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
3
Trigger Source (set to ALARM0)
Table 2
Controls available when Trigger Source is set to ALARM0
Alarm Mode
Defines the way that Alarm Time will be interpreted. In absolute mode,
the alarm will begin firing at the time of day specified in Absolute Alarm
Time. In relative mode, the alarm will begin firing at a time relative to
when the alarm is set up.
Relative Alarm Time
Defines the number of seconds after pressing Execute Trigger that the
first alarm will occur.
Absolute Alarm Time
Defines the time that the first alarm will occur.
Alarm Period
Defines the time between successive alarms.
Alarm Repeat
Defines the number of times the alarm will be repeated.
A value of 1 means that the alarm will occur once and will not be
repeated. A value of 2 means that the alarm will occur twice.
A value of 0 means that the alarm will be repeated until the alarm is
disabled.
Trigger Detection
Controls the trigger polarity. It is Positive to trigger on a rising edge and Negative to trigger
on a falling edge.
Execute Trigger
Sends the new trigger settings to the instrument
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Level
Sets the input attenuation. The input attenuation can be set from 0 to 70 dB in 2 dB
steps.The input impedance is set to 50 ohms. Input attenuation is used to minimize
compression caused by a signal level that is too high in amplitude.
Input RF
Accesses the functions to select the input signal source (choices are RF, 50 MHz Cal, or
External Mixer), enable a preamplifier, and to set the coupling to either AC or DC.
IF Output
Accesses the functions to set the IF Bandwidth and IF Frequency.
Table 3
Grouped Values
IF Output
IF Bandwidth
Limits
IF Frequency
Limits
Input Impedance
Limits
IF Output 1
0 to 3 MHz
21.4 MHz
50 Ohm
IF Output 2
100 MHz
321.4 MHz
50 Ohm
IF Output 3
10 MHz
7.5 MHz
50 Ohm
Reference Oscillator
Allows you to use either the internal or an external reference oscillator for making
measurements.
Reference Output
Switches the 10 MHz out signal on the front panel of the N8201A performance
downconverter On and Off.
Reference Input Source
Specifies whether to use an External or Internal source for the reference oscillator. If set to
External, a value must be specified for External Frequency with limits from 1 MHz to
30 MHz.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
3
Preselector (Option 123)
Adjust
Allows you to manually adjust the preselector filter center frequency to optimize its
response on the signal of interest. When enabled, the center frequency must be set to
3.045 GHz or greater.
Limits are: –250 MHz to 250 MHz.
PreSelector Enabled
Enables or disables the preselector.
Enabled: Can be set if the Center Frequency is greater than 3.045000000 GHz.
Possible Values: Enabled, Disabled
Peak
Performs a peak search.
Enabled: Can run if Center Frequency is greater than 3.045000000 GHz.
Instrument Functions: A - L
External Mixer
Selects either the internal mixer or an external mm-wave mixer.
• When Internal mixing is selected, normal operation and all other external mixing
functions are unavailable.
• When External mixing is selected, you can analyze high frequency signals (that is,
higher than the spectrum analyzer’s maximum frequency) by using an appropriate
external mixer.
Band
Selects a band, or sets the frequency band to be user defined.
User Defined values:
• K - 18 to 26.5 GHz
• A - 26.5 to 40 GHz
• Q - 33 to 50 GHz
• U - 40 to 60 GHz
• V - 50 to 75 GHz
• E - 60 to 90 GHz
• W - 75 to 110 GHz
• F - 90 to 140 GHz
• D - 110 to 170 GHz
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
• G - 140 to 220 GHz
• Y - 170 to 260 GHz
• J - 220 to 325 GHz
Harmonic
A user defined frequency band. Limits are −50 to −1 or 1 to 50.
Mixer Bias Turns on/off the mixer bias and adjusts an internal bias source for use with
external mixers. The bias signal is present on the center conductor of the IF INPUT
connector on the front panel.
Bias Level
Sets the bias level. Limits are −10 mA to 10 mA.
Calibration
Accesses the Align system and immediately executes an alignment cycle of all the
subsystems (Align RF, Align IF, Align ADC, and Align Current Sys Gain). The instrument will
change any current system settings currently underway, perform the full alignment, and
then return to the current system settings that were in place before the calibration began.
A calibration nominally takes 35 seconds to perform.
The N8201A downconverter will meet its specifications when:
• It is stored a minimum of two hours within the operating temperature range and turned
on for at least 30 minutes followed by a calibration.
• When a calibration has been performed within the past 24 hours or when the
temperature changes 3 °C.
• The front panel 1st LO OUT connector is terminated with a 50 ohm load.
Events (Settling Events and Event Logging)
Settling Event
Allows you to define the parameters of the Settling Event. The Settling Event has a positive
edge when the frequency is set and a negative edge when the system is stabilized.
Settling Channel
Selects the channel to configure. Possible values are:
76
LXI0
LXI1
LXI2
LXI3
LXI4
LXI5
LXI6
LXI7
LAN0
LAN1
LAN2
LAN3
LAN4
LAN5
LAN6
LAN7
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Settling Mode
Selects the operating mode for the Settling Channel: Disabled, Driven, or Wired OR.
Wired OR is only available for LXI channels.Use Wired OR if more than one instrument is
driving the LXI channel. When only one instrument is driving the LXI channel then use the
Driven mode.
Settling Destination Path
The target of the LAN event. The Settling Destination Path can be either an IP address, a
hostname, or 'All'. (The function is only visible if Settling Channel is a LAN channel and can
be set if the Settling mode is not Disabled.)
Settling Slope
Determines whether an event will occur on positive or negative edges. Possible values are:
Positive or Negative.
NO TE
Settling mode must be enabled for Settling Slope to be set.
Execute Settling Event
Starts a settling event after all of the parameters are define.
Event Logging
When enabled, a history of all instrument errors and messages are displayed.
Enable Logging
Enables or disables event logging.
Event Log
Displays the event log in the right pane when the Event Log page is selected.
Clear Event Log
Clears the event log.
Disable All Events
Prevents any previously events from occurring.
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Using the Agilent Synthetic Instrument GUI
Preset
Sets the instrument to a known state and clears any current settings.
Refresh All Values
Re-reads the settings from the instrument.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
User’s Guide
4
Front and Rear Panel Features
“N8201A Performance Downconverter Front Panel Features" on page 80
“N8201A Performance Downconverter Rear Panel Features" on page 85
“Interconnect Cabling" on page 87
“Operational Considerations" on page 88
CAU TI O N
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage the highly sensitive components in your
instrument. ESD damage is most likely to occur as the instrument is being installed
or when cables are connected and disconnected. Protect the circuits from ESD
damage by wearing a grounding strap that provides a high resistance path to
ground. Alternately, ground yourself to discharge any static charge built-up by
touching the outer shell of any grounded instrument chassis before touching the
port connectors.
Agilent Technologies
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4
Front and Rear Panel Features
N8201A Performance Downconverter Front Panel Features
Option V7L
Option 219
Figure 10 N8201A performance downconverter front panel features
RF INPUT
The input for an external 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz RF signal. If AC Coupled, the range is
20 MHz to 26.5 GHz.
CAU TI O N
The total power of all signals at the downconverter input must not exceed +30 dBm
(1 watt).
Power
The front panel power switch is a standby switch only; it is not a LINE switch (power
disconnecting device). When in Standby, the LED is amber, When ON the LED is green.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Front and Rear Panel Features
4
Line Power LED
The power indicator has the following states:
State
Power Status
Illumination
OFF
No power connected to rear panel
None
Standby
Standby power. This is not a LINE
switch or power disconnecting device.
Solid amber
ON
Power is on
Solid green
The green LED indicates when the downconverter standby switch is set to the on position.
The green LED is off when the switch is in the standby position.
The yellow LED indicates when the downconverter standby switch is set to the standby
position. The yellow LED is off when the switch is in the on position
LAN LED
The LAN LED indicator works in the following states:
State of the LAN
LAN Status
Illumination
ON
Normal operation
Solid green
ON
Device identity.
Blinking green
OFF
LAN error fault:
• No valid or duplicate IP address
• Unable to obtain or renew previously
obtained DHCP lease.
• Disconnected LAN cable
Solid Red
OFF
This is the state when:
• The system is initializing
or
• A LAN reset has be initialized
None
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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4
Front and Rear Panel Features
1588 LED
The IEEE 1588 LED clock status has the following states:
State of the Clock
Clock Status
Illumination
OFF
Not synchronized
None
ON
Synchronized, clock is IEEE 1588 Slave
Solid green
ON
Synchronized, clock is IEEE 1588 Master Blinking green (once
every second)
ON
Synchronized, clock is IEEE 1588 to
Grand Master
Blinking green (once
every two seconds
OFF
IEEE 1588 is in a fault state
Solid red
COHERENT CARRIERS
NO TE
Do not remove the cables connecting the coherent carrier inputs and outputs. These cables
are connected at the factory and must remain so for proper instrument operation.
3-7 GHz 1st LO In Provides the 1st LO input signal (3 to 7 GHz) to the downconverters
internal LO distribution circuitry.
3-7 GHz 1st LO Out
Provides the 1st LO output signal (3-7 GHz at +15 dBm max) as a
coherent carrier reference for phase locking two receivers.
3.6 GHz 2nd LO In Provides the 2st LO input signal (3.6 GHz) to the downconverters
internal LO distribution circuitry.
3.6 GHz 2nd LO Out
Provides the 2nd LO output signal (3.6 GHz at +3 dBm) as a
coherent carrier reference for phase locking two receivers.
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Front and Rear Panel Features
EXT MIXER
1st LO Out The 1st LO output (3-7 GHz at +15 dBm max) allows connections for external
mixing. The 1st LO output routes the internal first LO signal to an external mixer, which uses
the higher harmonics to mix with the high frequency signals. The external mixer’s IF output
connects to the downconverter’s IF input port.
Pre-Sel Out The Preselected external mixer tune output offers tuning voltage for a
preselected mixer.
IF In (Option AYZ) The IF input (321.4 MHz Nominal at -20 dBm, +10 dBm max) allows
connections for external mixing. This port is only functional when Option AYZ is ordered.
IF OUTPUTS
321.4 MHz The 321.4 MHz IF output signal is present. Conversion gain is nominally +2 to
+4 dB (with 0 dB input attenuation). Conversion gain varies nominally ±3 dB as a function
of tune frequency. The conversion gain drops at higher frequencies.
21.4 MHz The 21.4 MHz IF output signal is present. Conversion gain is nominally
+10 dB (with 0 dB input attenuation). The conversion gain drops at higher frequencies.
7.5 MHz The 7.5 MHz IF output signal is present. The 7.5 MHz output signal is at
nominally at +13 dBm.
TRIGGERS
These SMB trigger input and output connectors are used to control the waveforms and
create event-based signal simulation. These connectors support LVTTL logic levels.
In
Out
allows external triggering of measurements.
used to synchronize other test equipment with the downconverter.
REFERENCES
1 - 30 MHz In Selects an external reference to phase lock all oscillators in the
instrument. You can select any external reference frequency between 1 and 30 MHz.
10 MHz Out A switched output of the analyzer’s internal 10 MHz reference signal locks
other test equipment to the same frequency reference used by the downconverter. The
10 MHz out signal is at +5 dB.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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Front and Rear Panel Features
IF LOG VIDEO (Option V7L)
321.4 MHz In
Connector SMB male
Impedance of 50 ohm (nominal)
Video Out
Connector SMB male
Impedance of 50 ohm (nominal)
Maximum input power +10 dBm
NOISE SOURCE +28 V (PULSED) (Option 219)
Connector BNC female
Output voltage On 28.0 +/- 0.1 V (60 mA maximum)
Off < 1 V
VGA OUT
Connector VGA compatible, 15-pin mini D-SUB
Format VGA (31.5 kHz horizontal, 60 Hz vertical sync rates, non-interlaced) Analog RGB
Resolution 640 x 480
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Front and Rear Panel Features
4
N8201A Performance Downconverter Rear Panel Features
Figure 11 N8201A performance downconverter rear panel features
AC Power Receptacle
The AC voltage is connected here. The power cord receptacle accepts a
three-pronged power cable that is shipped with the N8201A performance
downconverter. The voltage range is 100/120/220/240 volts with a frequency range of
50 to 60 Hz and is automatically selected by the power supply.
LAN
This LAN interface allows ethernet local area network communication through a 100BaseT
LAN cable.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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4
Front and Rear Panel Features
LXI Trigger Bus
The LXI (LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation) Trigger Bus is a hardware bus providing eight
trigger channels using M-LVDS (low-voltage differential signaling). Cables connect various
instruments together in a daisy chain or star configuration. Any instrument in a cluster can
send or receive triggers on any of the channels.
NO TE
For more information about the LXI Trigger Bus and LAN triggering, refer to the following
“LXI Consortium” white papers on your “Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter
Documentation CD”:
• White_Paper_1_The_Appliaction_of_IEEE_1588_to_Test_and_Measurement_System
• White_Paper_2_LXI_Triggering
• White_Paper_3_Wired_Trigger_Bus_Physical_Aspects
Star Hub
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger
Bus
Trigger Bus Terminators
Star
Trigger Bus Terminators
Daisy-chain
USB
This is not a functional connector.
DB-9 (TEST)
This connector is for factory testing only.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Front and Rear Panel Features
4
Interconnect Cabling
N 8201A
3 Hz - 26.5 G Hz
Perform ance Dow nconverter
R E FE R E N CE S
1 - 30 M Hz In 10 M Hz Out
T R IG G E R S
In
Out
IF OU T PU T S
300 M Hz
1
21.4 M Hz
2
E X T M IX E R
7.5 M Hz
Pre-S el Out
IF In
3
EXT
M IX E R
COHE R E N T CA R R IE R S
R F IN PU T 50
Pow er
3.6 G Hz
3 - 7 G Hz
2nd LO Out 1st LO Out
3.6 G Hz
2nd LO In
3 - 7 G Hz
1st LO In
1s t
LO Out
0 V DC
30 dB m M ax
N 8221A
30 M S / s IF Digitizer
10 M Hz R E F
IN
OU T
30 M Hz E X T CLOCK
IN
OU T
T R IG G E R
IN
OU T
IF IN PU T
LA N S TAT U S E R R
RES ET
Figure 12 Interconnect cabling for the N8221A IF digitizer/N8201A performance downconverter
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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4
Front and Rear Panel Features
Operational Considerations
This section includes instructions for configuring a LAN interface to the
Agilent Technologies N8221A IF digitizer and the N8201A performance downconverter. The
instructions assume that the computer being used has a LAN card installed and is
configured for TCP/IP protocol.
Agilent 89601A Vector Signal Analysis Software
The Agilent Technologies 89601A vector signal analysis (VSA) software is the virtual
instrument interface for the N8221A IF digitizer/N8201A performance downconverter and
offers a wide range of troubleshooting tools for analyzing signals.
Configuring the Local Area Network (LAN) Interface
You must ensure that the IP addresses for your computer and
N8221A IF digitizer/N8201A performance downconverter are compatible, then configure
the LAN interface. The IP address consists of four groups of numbers separated by periods
(for example 169.254.xxx.xxx).
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
User’s Guide
5
Preventive Maintenance
“Using, Inspecting, and Cleaning RF Connectors" on page 90”
“General Procedures and Techniques" on page 93
“Instrument Removal" on page 96”
“Instrument Installation" on page 98
This chapter provides preventative maintenance information, which should be reviewed
prior to working with the Agilent system. This information applies to all Agilent-supplied
instruments in the system and the system as a whole.
Agilent Technologies
89
5
Preventive Maintenance
Using, Inspecting, and Cleaning RF Connectors
Taking proper care of cables and connectors will protect your system’s ability to make
accurate measurements. One of the main sources of measurement inaccuracy can be
caused by improperly made connections or by dirty or damaged connectors.
The condition of system connectors affects measurement accuracy and repeatability. Worn,
out-of-tolerance, or dirty connectors degrade these measurement performance
characteristics.
Repeatability
If you make two identical measurements with your system, the differences should be so
small that they will not affect the value of the measurement. Repeatability (the amount of
similarity from one measurement to another of the same type) can be affected by:
• Dirty or damaged connectors
• Connections that have been made without using proper torque techniques (this applies
primarily when connectors in the system have been disconnected, then reconnected).
CAU TI O N
Static-Sensitive Devices
This system contains instruments and devices that are static-sensitive. Always take
proper electrostatic precautions before touching the center conductor of any
connector, or the center conductor of any cable that is connected to any system
instrument. Handle instruments and devices only when wearing a grounded wrist or
foot strap. When handling devices on a work bench, make sure you are working on
an anti-static worksurface.
RF Cable and Connector Care
Connectors are the most critical link in a precision measurement system. These devices are
manufactured to extremely precise tolerances and must be used and maintained with care
to protect the measurement accuracy and repeatability of your system.
To extend the life of your cables or connectors:
• Avoid repeated bending of cables—a single sharp bend can ruin a cable instantly.
• Avoid repeated connection and disconnection of cable connectors.
• Inspect the connectors before connection; look for dirt, nicks, and other signs of damage
or wear. A bad connector can ruin the good connector instantly.
• Clean dirty connectors. Dirt and foreign matter can cause poor electrical connections
and may damage the connector.
• Minimize the number of times you bend cables.
• Never bend a cable at a sharp angle.
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Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Preventive Maintenance
5
• Do not bend cables near the connectors.
• If any of the cables will be flexed repeatedly, buy a back-up cable. This will allow
immediate replacement and will minimize system down time.
Before connecting the cables to any device:
• Check all connectors for wear or dirt.
• When making the connection, torque the connector to the proper value.
Proper Connector Torque
• Provides more accurate measurements
• Keeps moisture out of the connectors
• Eliminates radio frequency interference (RFI) from affecting your measurements
The torque required depends on the type of connector. Refer to Table 4.
Never exceed the recommended torque when attaching cables.
Table 4
Proper Connector Torque
Connector
Torque cm-kg
Torque N-cm
Torque in-lbs
Wrench P/N
Type-N
52
508
45
hand tighten
3.5 mm
9.2
90
8
8720-1765
SMA
5.7
56
5
8710-1582
Connector Wear and Damage
Look for metal particles from the connector threads and other signs of wear (such as
discoloration or roughness). Visible wear can affect measurement accuracy and
repeatability. Discard or repair any device with a damaged connector. A bad connector can
ruin a good connector on the first mating. A magnifying glass or jeweler’s loupe is useful
during inspection.
SMA Connector Precautions
Use caution when mating SMA connectors to any precision 3.5 mm RF connector. SMA
connectors are not precision devices and are often out of mechanical tolerances, even
when new. An out-of-tolerance SMA connector can ruin a 3.5 mm connector on the first
mating. If in doubt, gauge the SMA connector before connecting it. The SMA center
conductor must never extend beyond the mating plane.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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5
Preventive Maintenance
Cleaning Procedure
WA RN ING
To prevent electrical shock, disconnect the module from mains before cleaning.
Use a dry cloth or one slightly dampened with water to clean the external case
parts. Do not attempt to clean internally.
1 Blow particulate matter from connectors using an environmentally-safe aerosol such as
Aero-Duster. (This product is recommended by the United States Environmental
Protection Agency and contains tetrafluoroethane. You can order this aerosol from
Agilent (see Table 5).)
2 Use alcohol and a lint-free cloth to wipe connector surfaces. Wet a small swab with a
small quantity of alcohol and clean the connector with the swab.
3 Allow the alcohol to evaporate off of the connector before making connections.
CAU TI O N
Do not allow excessive alcohol to run into the connector. Excessive alcohol entering
the connector collects in pockets in the connector’s internal parts. The liquid will
cause random changes in the connector’s electrical performance. If excessive
alcohol gets into a connector, lay it aside to allow the alcohol to evaporate. This may
take up to three days. If you attach that connector to another device it can take
much longer for trapped alcohol to evaporate.
Table 5
92
Cleaning Supplies Available from Agilent
Product
Part Number
Aero-Duster
8500-6460
Isopropyl alcohol
8500-5344
Lint-Free cloths
9310-0039
Small polyurethane swabs
9301-1243
WA RN ING
Cleaning connectors with alcohol should only be performed with the
instruments’ mains power cord disconnected, in a well ventilated area.
Connector cleaning should be accomplished with the minimum amount of
alcohol. Prior to connector reuse, be sure that all alcohol used has dried, and that
the area is free of fumes.
WA RN ING
If flammable cleaning materials are used, the material should not be stored, or
left open in the area of the equipment. Adequate ventilation should be assured to
prevent the combustion of fumes, or vapors.
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General Procedures and Techniques
This section introduces you to the various cable and connector types used in the system.
Read this section before attempting to remove or install an instrument! Each connector
type may have unique considerations.
Always use care when working with system cables and instruments.
GPIB Type Connector
Figure 13 GPIB, 3.5 mm, Type-N, power sensor, and BNC connectors
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Connector Removal
GPIB connectors
These are removed by two captured screws, one on each end of the connector; these
usually can be turned by hand. Use a flathead screwdriver if necessary.
GPIB connectors often are stacked two or three deep. When you are removing multiple
GPIB connectors, disconnect each connector one at a time. It is a good practice to connect
them back together even if you have not yet replaced the instrument; this avoids confusion,
especially if more than one instrument has been removed.
When putting GPIB connectors back on, you must again detach them from one another and
put them on one at a time.
Precision 3.5 mm connectors
These are precision connectors. Always use care when connecting or disconnecting this
type of connector. When reconnecting, make sure you align the male connector properly.
Carefully join the connectors, being careful not to cross-thread them.
Loosen precision 3.5 mm connectors on flexible cables by turning the connector nut
counter-clockwise with a 5/16 inch wrench. Always reconnect using an 8 inch-lb torque
wrench (Agilent part number 8720-1765). Semirigid cables are metal tubes, custom-formed
for this system from semirigid coax cable stock.
3.5 mm connectors with a gold hex nut
The semirigid cables that go to the RF outputs of some devices have a gold connector nut.
These do not turn. Instead, the RF connector on the instrument has a cylindrical connector
body that turns. To disconnect this type of connector, turn the connector body on the
instrument clockwise. This action pushes the cable’s connector out of the instrument
connector.
To reconnect, align the cable with the connector on the instrument. Turn the connector
body counterclockwise. You may have to move the cable slightly until alignment is correct
for the connectors to mate. When the two connectors are properly aligned, turning the
instrument’s connector body will pull in the semirigid cable’s connector. Tighten firmly by
hand.
3.5 mm connectors with a silver hex nut
All other semirigid cable connectors use a silver-colored nut that can be turned. To remove
this type of connector, turn the silver nut counter-clockwise with a 5/16 inch wrench.
When reconnecting this type of cable:
• Carefully insert the male connector center pin into the female connector. (Make sure the
cable is aligned with the instrument connector properly before joining them.)
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• Turn the silver nut clockwise by hand until it is snug, then tighten with an 8 inch-lb
torque wrench (part number 8720-1765).
Bent Semirigid Cables
Semirigid cables are not intended to be bent outside of the factory. An accidental bend that
is slight or gradual may be straightened carefully by hand. Semirigid cables that are crimped
will affect system performance and must be replaced. Do not attempt to straighten a
crimped semirigid cable.
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Instrument Removal
NO TE
Detailed information related to rack mounting can be obtained in the
Agilent N8200A Series Synthetic Instrument Modules, Rack Configuration Guide,
N8200-90003.
To remove an instrument from the system, use one of the following procedures.
Required tools
• #2 Phillips screwdriver
• #2 POZIDRIV screwdriver
Standard instrument
To remove an instrument from a rack
Step
Notes
1 Turn off system power, but leave the system
computer turned on.
• If you do plan to turn computer power off
2 Read “General Procedures and Techniques”,
then disconnect all cables on the front and on
the rear panel.
• Most cables are fairly easy to remove and
for any reason, have the computer system
administrator:
• Shut down all running software.
• Shut down the computer.
reconnect, and have no special
considerations (besides making sure you
put the cables back in the right place).
• Semirigid cables require more care,
especially when reconnecting them. Make
sure all semirigid cables, on the front and
back of an instrument are fully
disconnected before removing the unit.
3 When all cables are disconnected (including
the power cord), remove the screws in the
instrument’s rack “ears” that hold it in the
rack.
4 Slide the instrument out.
• If you feel any resistance when attempting
to pull the instrument out, STOP! Look
inside the cabinet and carefully examine
all surrounding cables. Make sure all
cables are fully disconnected.
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Half-Rack-Width Instrument
To remove a half-width instrument from a system rack
• For details see the system installation
1 Power off the system.
guide.
2 Remove the selected instrument’s power cord
from the power strip in the rack.
3 The instrument is attached to the half-rack width
instrument beside it; remove that instrument’s
power cord from the power strip also.
• The instruments are secured together
4 Remove the power cord and other cables from the
front and rear of both instruments.
• Note the location of cables for
5 Remove the four corner screws on the front of the
rack panel that secures the instruments in place.
• The screws are located near the corners
by lock links at the front and rear. The
lock links at the rear attach with screws.
The lock links at the front hook together.
re-installation.
of the face of the instrument.
• Use a #2 Phillips screwdriver.
6 Slide both instruments, as a single unit, out from
the front of the rack and set them on a secure, flat
surface.
Bench Top Instrument
To remove an instrument from a bench top system
1 Power off each instrument in the system.
2 Unplug the selected instrument’s power
cord from the AC power supply.
3 Remove the power cord and other cables
from the front and rear of the instrument.
• Note the location of cables for re-installation.
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Instrument Installation
NO TE
Detailed information related to rack mounting can be obtained in the
Agilent N8200A Series Synthetic Instrument Modules, Rack Configuration Guide,
N8200-90003.
To install or reinstall an instrument in a system, use one of the following procedures.
Required tools
• #2 Phillips screwdriver
• #2 POZIDRIV screwdriver
• system installation guide
Standard rack instrument
To install an instrument
Step
Notes
1 Slide the instrument gently into the rack.
2 Insert the screws in the rack ears.
• Most cables are fairly easy to remove and
reconnect and have no special
considerations (besides making sure you
put the cables back in the right place).
• Semirigid cables require more care,
especially when reconnecting them. Make
sure all semirigid cables, on the front and
back of an instrument are fully
disconnected before removing the unit.
3 To reconnect the semirigid cables, carefully
align them before you insert the male
connector.
• Do not insert the male pin in at an angle or
you will damage the female connector. RF
connector center pins are very delicate,
and if damaged must be replaced. System
performance may be greatly impaired if
there is a bad RF connector.
4 Turn on system power and restart the system
computer if necessary.
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Half-Rack-Width Instrument
To install the instrument in a rack
Step
Note
1 Make sure the system is powered off.
2 Insert the attached instruments in the same
slot from which you removed them, sliding
them along the support rails until they meet
the rack-mount ears.
• The rack-mount ears stop the instruments at
3 Replace the rack panel in front of the
instruments and secure the four corner
screws.
• The screws are located near the corners of
the correct depth.
the face of the instrument.
• Use a #2 Phillips screwdriver.
4 Confirm that the instrument is turned off.
5 Connect the appropriate cables to the
instruments (front and rear), including the
power cords.
6 Power on the system.
.
Bench Top Instrument
To install an instrument in a bench top system
1 Make sure the system is powered off.
2 Connect all cables to the instrument (front
and rear), including the power cord.
3 Connect the power cord to the AC power
source.
4 Power on the system.
5 Set the instrument GPIB address, if
necessary.
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User’s Guide
6
Service, Support, and Safety
Information
“Safety and Regulatory Information" on page 102”
“Service and Support" on page 109
This chapter provides safety and regulatory information that should be reviewed prior to
working with the Agilent system. The information contained in this chapter applies to all
Agilent-supplied instruments in the system and the system as a whole.
It also contains information on servicing and obtaining support for an Agilent system or
instrument, including procedures for removing an instrument from a system, returning it to
Agilent, and reinstalling it.
Agilent Technologies
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
Safety and Regulatory Information
EMC
Complies with European EMC Directive 89/336/EEC, amended by 93/68/EEC
• IEC/EN 61326
• CISPR Pub 11 Group 1, Class A
• AS/NZS CISPR 11:2002
• ICES/NMB-001
Complies with Canadian EMC Requirements
This ISM device complies with Canadian ICES- 001
Cet appareil ISM est conforme a la norme NMB du Canada.
Safety
Complies with European Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC, amended by 93/68/EEC
• IEC/EN 61010-1
• Canada: CSA C22.2 No. 61010-1
• USA: UL 61010-1
Safety Summary
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all phases of operation
of this instrument or system. Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific
warnings elsewhere in this manual violates safety standards of design, manufacture, and
intended use of this instrument or system. Agilent Technologies, Inc. assumes no liability
for the customer’s failure to comply with these requirements.
General
This product has been designed and tested in accordance with the standards listed on the
Manufacturer’s Declaration of Conformity, and has been supplied in a safe condition. The
documentation contains information and warnings that must be followed by the user to
ensure safe operation and to maintain the product in a safe condition. Contact your Agilent
sales representative to obtain a copy of the Declaration of Conformity. Alternately, contact
Agilent via: www.Agilent.com.
Compliance with German Noise Requirements
This is to declare that this instrument is in conformance with the German Regulation on
Noise Declaration for Machines (Laermangabe nach der Maschinenlaermrerordnung
-3.GSGV Deutschland.)
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
Acoustic Noise Emission/Geraeuschemission
LpA <70 dB
Operator position
Normal position
per ISO 7779
LpA <70 dB
am Arbeitsplatz
normaler Betrieb
nach DIN 45635 t.19
All light-emitting diodes (LEDs) used in this product are Class 1 LEDs per IEC 60825-1.
Equipment Installation
Install the instrument or system so that the detachable power cord is readily identifiable
and is easily reached by the operator. The detachable power cord is the disconnecting
device. It disconnects the mains circuits from the mains supply before other parts of the
instrument or system. The instrument front panel switch is only a standby switch and is not
a LINE switch. Alternatively, an externally installed switch or circuit breaker (which is
readily identifiable and is easily reached by the operator) may be used as a disconnecting
device.
WA RN ING
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earthing ground
incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall be inserted only in a socket
outlet provided with a protective earth contact. Any interruption of the protective
conductor inside or outside of the product is likely to make the product
dangerous. Intentional interruption is prohibited (IEC 348 clauses 17.3.3 c and
17.3.4).
WA RN ING
DO NOT OPERATE IN AN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE.
Do not operate the instrument or system in the presence of flammable gases or
flames.
WA RN ING
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same
or equivalent type recommended. Discard used batteries according to
manufacturer’s instructions.
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
WA RN ING
DO NOT REMOVE AN INSTRUMENT COVER.
Operating personnel must not remove instrument covers. Component
replacement and internal adjustments must be made only by qualified service
personnel.
Instruments that appear damaged or defective should be made inoperative and
secured against unintended operation until they can be repaired by qualified
service personnel.
Environmental Conditions
WA RN ING
If this product is not used as specified, the protection provided by the equipment
could be impaired. This product must be used only in a normal condition (in which
all means for protection are intact).
CAU TI O N
Unless otherwise noted in the specifications, this instrument or system is intended
for indoor use in an installation category II, pollution degree 2 environment per IEC
61010 second edition and 664 respectively. This instrument or system is designed
to operate at altitudes up to 4600 meters, and at temperatures between 0°C and
55 °C.
CAU TI O N
Ventilation Requirements: When installing the product in a cabinet, the convection
into and out of the product must not be restricted. The ambient temperature
(outside the cabinet) must be less than the maximum operating temperature of the
product by 4 °C for every 100 watts dissipated in the cabinet. If the total power
dissipated in the cabinet is greater than 800 watts, then forced convection must be
used.
Before Applying Power
CAU TI O N
Verify that the product is set to match the available line voltage, the correct-rating
service breaker is installed, the correct fuse is installed, and all safety precautions
are taken. Note the instrument external markings described in Table 6, “Safety symbols
and instrument markings,” on page 107.
Position the instrument so that it is not difficult to operate the disconnecting device.
This instrument has autoranging line voltage input, be sure the supply voltage is
within the specified range.
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
WA RN ING
The mains wiring and connectors shall be compatible with the connector used in
the premise electrical system. Failure to ensure adequate earth grounding by not
using the correct components may cause product damage and serious injury.
Magnetic Susceptibility
CAU TI O N
Degradation of some product specifications can occur in the presence of ambient
power frequency magnetic fields of 30 A/m or greater. The product self-recovers
and operates as specified when removed or shielded from the ambient magnetic
fields.
Vibration
CAU TI O N
Degradation of some product specifications can occur if this instrument is operated
while subjected to continuous vibrations of less than or equal to 0.21 grms in the
5 Hz to 500 Hz frequency range.
Ground the Instrument or System
WA RN ING
To minimize shock hazard, the instrument chassis and cover must be connected
to an electrical protective earth ground. The instrument and/or system must be
connected to the AC power mains through a grounded power cable, with the
ground wire firmly connected to an electrical ground (safety ground) at the
power outlet. Any interruption of the protective (grounding) conductor or
disconnection of the protective earth terminal will cause a potential shock
hazard that could result in personal injury.
WA RN ING
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earthing ground
incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall be inserted only in a socket
outlet provided with a protective earth contact. Any interruption of the protective
conductor inside or outside of the product is likely to make the product
dangerous. Intentional interruption is prohibited (IEC 348 clauses 17.3.3 c and
17.3.4).
CAU TI O N
Always use the three-prong AC power cord supplied with this product. Failure to
ensure adequate earth grounding by not using this cord may cause product damage.
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
CAU TI O N
The detachable power cord is the disconnecting device. It disconnects the mains
circuit from the mains supply before other parts of the instrument or system. The
instrument front panel switch is only a standby switch and is not a line switch.
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Refer to individual instrument manuals for detailed information on operator accessible
fuses.
WA RN ING
Use only fuses with the required rated current, voltage, and specified type
(normal blow, time delay). Do not use repaired fuses or short-circuited fuse
holders. To do so could cause a shock or fire hazard.
WA RN ING
For continued protection against fire hazard, replace fuses and circuit breakers
only with the same type and ratings. The use of other fuses or circuit breakers or
materials is prohibited (IEC 348 clause 17.3.5.d).
WA RN ING
The premise wiring should have a system-dedicated circuit breaker in the mains
wiring for installation of the system.
Agilent system cabinet power strips are equipped with a thermal circuit breaker for each
power phase. If one phase shorts or overloads, one or both of the circuit breakers in the
power strip trip. Unplug the power strip before trying to locate and correct the electrical
problem, then reset both circuit breakers on the power strip to restore power to the cabinet.
Maintenance
WA RN ING
To prevent electrical shock, disconnect the instrument and/or system from
mains before cleaning. Use a dry cloth or one slightly dampened with water to
clean the external case parts. Do not attempt to clean internally.
Safety symbols and Instrument Markings
Symbols and markings in manuals and on instruments alert you to potential risks, provide
information about conditions, and comply with international regulations. Table 6 defines the
symbols and markings you may find in a manual or on an instrument.
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
Table 6
Safety symbols and instrument markings
Safety symbols
Definition
Warning: risk of electric shock.
Warning: hot surface.
Caution: refer to instrument documentation.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European
Community.
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the
CSA-International. This instrument is in compliance with
CSA 1010 Edition 2.
N10149
The C-tick mark is a registered trademark of the Spectrum
Management Agency of Australia. This signifies compliance
with the Australian EMC Framework regulations under the
terms of the Radio Communications Act of 1992.
This symbol indicates separate collection for electrical and
electronic equipment, mandated under EU law as of August 13,
2005. All electric and electronic equipment are required to be
separated from normal waste for disposal
(Reference WEEE Directive, 200/96/EC). Do not throw
batteries away, but collect as small chemical waste.
ISM 1-A
This text indicates that the instrument is an Industrial Scientific
and Medical Group 1 Class A product (CISPER 11, Clause 4).
ICES/NMB-001
This text indicates product compliance with the Canadian
Interference-Causing Equipment Standard (ICES-001).
Laser radiation symbol: marked on products that have a laser
output.
Alternating current.
Both direct and alternating current.
Three-phase alternating current.
Earth (ground) terminal.
Protective earth (ground) terminal.
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
Table 6
Safety symbols and instrument markings (continued)
Safety symbols
Definition
Frame or chassis terminal.
Terminal is at earth potential. Used for measurement and
control circuits designed to be operated with one terminal at
earth potential.
Terminal for neutral conductor on permanently installed
equipment.
Terminal for line conductor on permanently installed
equipment.
Standby (supply); units with this symbol are not completely
disconnected from AC mains when this switch is in the standby
position. To completely disconnect the unit from AC mains,
either disconnect the power cord, or have a qualified/licensed
electrician install an external switch.
OFF (supply); a switch with this symbol opens the instrument’s
power supply circuit, disconnecting it with the mains supply.
ON (supply); a switch with this symbol closes the instrument’s
power supply circuit, connecting it with the mains supply.
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
Service and Support
Any adjustment, maintenance, or repair of this product must be performed by qualified
personnel. Contact your Agilent Technologies Service Center for assistance.
WA RN ING
There are no user serviceable parts inside the system. Any servicing instructions
are for use by qualified personnel only. To avoid electrical shock, do not perform
any servicing unless you are qualified to do so.
WA RN ING
The opening of covers or removal of parts is likely to expose dangerous voltages.
Disconnect the product from all voltage sources while it is being opened.
CAU TI O N
Any operator-replaceable parts or supplies are required to be examined or supplied
by Agilent Technologies.
Agilent on the Web
You can find information about technical and professional services, product support, and
equipment repair and service on the Web:
http://www.agilent.com
Click on Technical Support.
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Service, Support, and Safety Information
Return Procedure
In any correspondence or telephone conversations with Agilent Technologies, please refer
to the instrument by its model number (N8201A, for example) and serial number. With this
information, the customer engineer can determine whether your instrument is still within
its warranty period and provide accurate shipping information.
Shipping the Instrument
Use the following procedure to package and ship your instrument for service. For
instructions on removing an instrument from the system and re-installing it, refer to the
system user’s guide.
To package the instrument for shipping
Step
Notes
1 Place the instrument in its original packaging
materials.
• If the original packaging materials are
not available, use a professional
packaging service. Contact your Agilent
Service Center for more information.
2 Surround the instrument with at least 3 to 4
inches of its original packing material or
bubble-pack to prevent the instrument from
moving in its shipping container.
3 After wrapping it with packing material, place the • The shipping container must be large
instrument in its original shipping container or a
and strong enough to accommodate
strong shipping container that is made of
your instrument and allow at least 3 to 4
double-walled corrugated cardboard with 159 kg
inches on all sides for packing material.
(350 lb) bursting strength.
4 Seal the shipping container securely with strong
nylon adhesive tape.
5 Mark the shipping container “FRAGILE, HANDLE
WITH CARE” to help ensure careful handling.
6 Use the address obtained from your Agilent
customer engineer.
7 Retain copies of all shipping papers.
CAU TI O N
110
Damage can result if the original packaging materials are not used. Packaging
materials should be anti-static and cushion the downconverter on all sides. NEVER
USE STYRENE PELLETS IN ANY SHAPE AS PACKAGING MATERIALS. They do not
adequately cushion the instrument or prevent it from moving in the shipping
container. Styrene pellets can also cause equipment damage by generating static
electricity or by lodging in fan motors.
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User’s Guide
7
Glossary
Auto-IP Auto-IP is a method used by a device to self select an IP address. When a device
is using Auto-IP, it randomly selects an address of the form 169.254.x.x. If another
device is already using that address, it selects another random address, and continues to
select new addresses until it finds one that is not being used by any other instrument.
Cross-Over Cable A cross-over cable can be used to connect two devices directly to
each other, without a network switch or any other hardware in-between. It is common to
use static IP addresses when devices are connected using a cross-over cable, because
there is no DNS, and there are no other devices on the connection that could cause an IP
address conflict.
Default Gateway The default gateway is used by a device to communicate with devices
that have IP addresses that are on different subnets. This would usually be the IP address
of the router that connects the device’s subnet to the rest of the network.
DHCP [Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol] In order to avoid IP address conflicts,
and to simplify the process of connecting devices to a network, larger networks will
sometimes use DHCP to assign IP addresses to devices.
When a device is configured to use DHCP, it attempts to communicate with the DHCP
server when it is powered on. If it is able to communicate with the server, it asks the server
for the correct network settings (including IP Address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, and so on)
to communicate on the network. If the device is unable to communicate with the DHCP
server, it will either go into a failure mode, or (if configured to do so) it will attempt to assign
itself an IP address. (See Auto-IP)
Because the IP address assigned to an instrument can be different every time it is powered
on, you cannot remember the IP address and expect to always be able to use that address
to communicate with the instrument. However, networks using DHCP will often also use
DNS, which can allow you to communicate with a device using a hostname that will stay
the same, even if the device’s IP address has changed.
DHCP Server The DHCP server responds to devices’ requests for network settings. It is
responsible for ensuring that no two devices attempt to use the same IP address.
Agilent Technologies
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7
Glossary
DNS [Domain Name Server] A domain name server allows someone to communicate
with a device using the device’s hostname. When a device joins a network, it tells the
domain name server its hostname and its IP address. When a hostname is used, the domain
name server is asked which IP address the name corresponds to, and that address is then
used to communicate with the instrument.
If the IP address of the device changes, it can request that its entry in the domain name
server be updated. Any following requests that use the same hostname as before, will be
sent to the new address.
Hostname A hostname is a unique name that can be used to communicate with a device
on a network. Hostnames are commonly used in situations where devices have their
addresses assigned to them using DHCP.
Hostnames can only be used if there is some way that the network can keep track of which
hostname corresponds to an instrument. This is usually done using DNS.
Networks without DNS have no way to associate a hostname with a device. This is often
true of small private LAN networks (for example, a network consisting of two devices
connected using a cross-over cable, or through a simple router). In these cases, it is
probably easiest to use static IP addresses.
IP Address [Internet Protocol Address] An IP address is a unique number assigned to
a device which is used to send or receive data to and from other devices.
The most common IP addresses are IP Version 4. These addresses are usually written as
four numbers (from 1 to 255) separated by periods. For example, 192.168.1.1 and
169.254.12.34 and 141.121.84.241 are all IP addresses.
A device’s IP address can be assigned to it manually (See Static IP Address), assigned to it
by another computer (See DHCP) or can be self-determined (See Auto-IP).
IP Address Conflict An IP address conflict occurs when two devices attempt to join the
same network with the same IP address. When this happens, it may become impossible to
communicate with either instrument over the LAN. Using dynamically assigned addresses
can help avoid this problem. (See DHCP or Auto-IP.)
LAN [Local Area Network] A LAN is a network of devices connected to each other
using LAN cables and network switches.
Network Switch A network switch is used to connect several devices together to form a
LAN. It has several LAN ports that LAN cables can be connected to.
If it is necessary to create a network with more devices than can connect to a single
network switch, one (or more) switches can be attached to the first switch.
Private LAN A private LAN network is defined as a local area network in which
LAN-enabled instruments and Windows PCs are not connected to a site LAN (workgroup
LAN, Intranet, or enterprise LAN). When using a private LAN, the designer of the LAN is
responsible for defining all private LAN parameters.
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Glossary
Private Network All of the devices on a private network use IP addresses that have been
reserved for private use. The most common private network IP addresses are of the form
192.168.x.x and 169.254.x.x. Devices which have been assigned a private
network IP address cannot generally communicate with other devices outside of their
private network. Many devices can use the same IP address (for example,
192.168.1.1) as long as they each belong to different private networks.
Router A router can be used to transfer messages between two (or more) networks.
Routers are often used to connect a private network to a larger network (for example, a
company network, or the Internet). The router can also be used to isolate a local network
from a larger corporate or public network.
Site LAN A site LAN is a local area network in which LAN-enabled instruments and
Windows PCs are connected to a site LAN (workgroup LAN, Intranet, or enterprise LAN)
through (optional) routers, hubs, and/or switches.
Static IP Address A device uses a static IP address when it always attempts to use the
same IP address every time that it is turned on. Using a static IP address can be useful if
you always want to communicate with an instrument using the same address every time it
is turned on. However, using a static IP address can lead to IP address conflicts if two
instruments are given the same static IP address.
Subnet (Subnetwork) A subnet is a group of devices which is a subset of a larger group
of devices. Breaking a large network down into many smaller subnets can make the
network easier to manage, and can decrease the amount of traffic that gets sent between
devices.
One thing a device on a network can do is send a message to all of the other devices on its
subnet. If a network consists of only a single subnet, that message would have to be sent to
every device on the network. However, if the network has been broken down into subnets,
the message would only be sent to other devices on the same subnet as the device sending
the message.
Subnet Mask A subnet mask is used to specify how a network is broken down into
subnets. Subnet masks look like IP addresses; they are of the form x.x.x.x. Common
subnet masks include 255.0.0.0, 255.255.0.0 (use this for private networks), and
255.255.255.0.
When written in binary, subnet masks usually become several 1s followed by several 0s.
For example:
255.255.0.0
would become
11111111.11111111.00000000.00000000.
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
113
7
Glossary
The subnet mask can be used with a device’s IP address to determine the address of the
subnet that the device is on. To do this, you perform a logical AND of the subnet mask and
the IP address. (A logical AND combines two binary numbers into a single number. The new
number contains 1s in positions where both numbers had 1s, and 0s everywhere else.)
For example, if a device has an IP address of 192.168.12.34 and the subnet mask
255.255.255.0 then:
192.168.12.34 =
11000000.
10101000.
00001100.
00100010
255.255.255.0 =
11111111.
11111111.
11111111.
00000000
Subnet Address = 11000000.
10101000.
00001100.
00000000
168
12
0
192
The device is on the subnet with the 192.168.12.0 address.
A device with the IP address 192.168.12.100 is on the same subnet as the device
with the IP address 192.168.12.34 (the 192.168.12.0 subnet), but a device with
an IP address of 192.168.100.34 is on a different subnet (the 192.168.100.0
subnet).
114
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Numerics
L
W
3.5 mm connectors, 94
removing, 94
LAN eXtension for
Instrumentation (LXI), 3
LAN hub, 54
weight of instrument, 26
where to get help, 109
C
cables
inspecting for wear, 91
cleaning connectors, 92
cleaning supplies, connector, 92
Compliance with
Canadian EMC
Requirements, 102
CSA 1010 Edition 2, 107
European EMC Directive, 102
German Noise
Requirements, 102
statement of compliance, 102
connections, making proper, 91
connector cleaning supplies, 92
connector torque, 91
specifications, 91
connectors
cleaning, 92
inspecting for wear, 91
precision 3.5 mm, 94
D
DHCP, 27
H
help, where to get help, 109
hostname of an instrument, 53
I
IEEE 1588 precision time protocol
(PTP), 3
IEEE 1588 time synchronization
and protocol standard, 3
inspecting connectors for
wear, 91
installing an instrument, 92
instrument
replacing, 99
instrument hostname, 53
instrument label, 53
instruments, how to remove and
install, 92
M
MAC address, 53
making proper connections, 91
O
Option H02 is required, 32, 34, 41,
64
P
precision 3.5 mm connectors, 94
removing, 94
R
Rack Configuration Guide, 26, 96,
98
removing
an instrument, 99
removing a 3.5 mm connector, 94
replacing instruments, 92
requires Option H02, 32, 34, 41,
64
reset button for LAN, 53
S
system
instrument, replacing, 99
T
torque
connector, 91
specifications for RF
cables, 91
V
VISA Address connection
string, 33
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
Index-1
Index-2
Agilent N8201A Performance Downconverter Synthetic Instrument Module, 3 Hz to 26.5 GHz
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