Performance Triad Cooking Guide for Soldiers

Performance Triad Cooking Guide for Soldiers
COOKING GUIDE
FOR SOLDIERS
Table of Contents
Section 1 ...................4
Preparing Healthy Meals
Step 1: Have Helpful Cooking Devices and Tools On-Hand
Step 2: Make a Menu and Go Food Shopping
Step 3: Always Practice Food Safety
Step 4: Properly Store Perishable Food
Section 2..................22
Meal Ideas for Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Breakfast Meals: ≤ 15 minutes and ≥ 30 minutes
Lunch Meals: ≤ 15 minutes and ≥ 30 minutes
Dinner Meals: ≤ 15 minutes and ≥ 30 minutes
Salad Making 101
Section 3..................40
Microwavable Meals
Section 4..................48
Make Better Choices When Dining Out
Section 5..................52
Additional Resources
3
Section 1
PREPARING DELICIOUS MEALS
Food is fuel for one of the most sophisticated machines in the world
– your body! Properly fueling your body means eating plenty of fresh
fruits/vegetables, whole grains, beans, and moderate amounts of
lean protein and healthy fats.
Many soldiers are busy and rely on food that comes from a
restaurant (fast-food, take-out, or sit-down). You may also be eating
more convenience foods or pre-packaged/highly processed foods
because they require very little preparation and cooking time.
For under $10, you could buy…
• 1 cucumber ($ 0.68)
• 1 bag of frozen Veggie
Steamers ($ 1.25)
1 case (24 cans)
of Coke®
*Total: $5.19
or
• 1 pound of bananas
($0.47)
• 1 pound bag of brown
rice ($ 0.72)
• 1 box of whole wheat
spaghetti ($ 0.88)
Frequent consumption of typical fast-food and/or take-out food
(burgers, fries, regular sodas, fried chicken, pizza, etc.) makes it
easier for you to ingest more fat, cholesterol, sodium, and calories
than what your body actually needs. This can make you feel more
sluggish and tired during the day. It can also make it more difficult
for you to control your weight, and could increase your risk for
chronic diseases like high-blood pressure, heart disease, and
cancer.
On average, Americans spend $1,200.00 per year on fast food! You
can save money and stop relying so much on convenience foods by
planning and preparing more nutritious meals. This guide will help
you successfully navigate the road to eating healthier.
• 1 pound of grapes ($ 0.88)
*Total: $4.88
• 1 loaf of 100% whole
wheat bread ($2.50)
1 box of taquitos
*Total: $6.87
or
• 1 pound of chicken
breasts ($0.98)
• 1 pound of baby carrots
($1.44)
• 1 pound of bananas
($ 0.47)
• 4 ears of fresh corn
($ 1.00)
*Total: $6.39
*Total cost reflect approximate commissary pricing (varies by location).
Save time and money by writing out your
grocery list before your shopping trip.
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5
Step 1
HAVE HELPFUL COOKING DEVICES AND
TOOLS ON-HAND
HELPFUL KITCHEN TOOLS AND APPLIANCES
Cooking Appliances*
STEP 1: Have Helpful Cooking Devices and Tools On-Hand
Whether you live in the barracks, a small apartment, or a
house, having some basic cooking tools will help with easy meal
preparations. A few appliance such as a rices cooker, crock-pot or a
toaster oven may help with simple meals. If you live in the barracks,
check with housing office for specific guidance for cooking devices (
rice cookers, crock-pots, etc.).
Pots, pans, and other cooking tools may be available to borrow from
Army Community Service (ACS). If you must purchase your own
cooking tools and devices, research and shop for the best quality at
an affordable price. The next few pages contain an illustrative guide
to some of the helpful and common cooking devices and tools. You
do not have to purchase every single device pictured
on the next few pages! Pick only those devices and tools you think
you will use the most often. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s
directions when operating, cleaning, and storing your kitchen
devices and tools.
ˆˆ Slow-cooker
ˆˆ Rice-cooker
ˆˆ Mini-food processor
ˆˆ Blender
ˆˆ Toaster
ˆˆ Toaster oven
Food Preparation Tools
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
Sharp (cutting) knives
Washable cutting board(s)
Pots and pans (non-stick)
Mixing bowls (various sizes)
Cooling rack(s)
Measuring cups
Stirring spoon(s)
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
Measuring spoons
Can opener
Oven mitts
Trivet(s)
Meat thermometer
Colander(s)
Spatulas
Microwave Use
ˆˆ Ceramic dishes/bowls
ˆˆ Glass/Pyrex containers
Food Storage / Preparation
ˆˆ Refrigerator thermometer
ˆˆ BPA**- Free plastic dishes/
containers
ˆˆ Glass/Pyrex containers
ˆˆ Sealable plastic bags
(large and small)
ˆˆ Sealable plastic freezer bags
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
Parchment paper
Aluminum foil
Wax paper
Plastic wrap
Cleaning Supplies
ˆˆ Dish-washing tub and drying rack
ˆˆ Dish-washing soap
ˆˆ Disinfecting spray and/or wipes
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
Hand-soap
Bleach
Paper towels
Washable dish-rags
*May or may not be allowed in the barracks. See previous page for explanation.
** Bisphenol A (BPA) is a carbon-based synthetic compound used to make certain plastics and plastic containers.
6
7
HELPFUL COOKING DEVICES AND TOOLS
Sheet Pans: Use to bake
or roast foods that won’t
run/seep liquid (e.g.,
baking potatoes, fish-fillets,
vegetables, cookies, etc.).
Muffin Pans: Bake muffins
Non-Stick Skillet Pan: Cooks
and heats sauces, eggs,
chicken, ground beef, etc.
8
Boiling Pans: Boils water,
soups, sauces/marinades,
etc. on the stove-top.
Sharp Kitchen Knives:
Makes cutting, chopping,
and slicing much easier.
Refer to the knife guide at
http://www.kniveskitchen.
com/blades.html for more
information.
Cooking Scissors/Shears:
Trim the fat off the meat
(poultry) or quickly cut the
stalks off of fresh broccoli.
Meat Thermometer: Use
to check cooked meat
to ensure it has reached
the correct internal
temperature.
Wok Pan: Stir fry meats and/
or vegetables.
Oven-Tempered Glass/
Pyrex: Great for baking
casseroles and meats or
for microwaving vegetables.
Use to safely re-heat foods
and/or store left-overs.
Grill Pan: Grills meats and
vegetables on the stove-top.
Ceramic/Glass: Great for
baking casseroles and
meats or for microwaving
vegetables. Stores and
protects leftovers or meats
during thawing. Useful to reheat food in the microwave
or oven (remove plastic lid
when re-heating food).
9
Rice Cooker: Cooks white or
brown rice, and other grains
like quinoa, bulgur, etc.
Crock-pot: Slow-cooks soups,
meats, casseroles, etc.
Research, Purchase, and Properly Care
for Your Cooking Devices and Tools
When researching and purchasing your cooking device and/or
tools:
• Refer to Consumer Reports Magazine (check your local
library or search online). Some of the on-line reports are only
available with a subscription while other reports are
free of charge.
• Read the customer reviews.
• Check your local PX for cooking tools and devices (PX will
match Amazon.com pricing for the exact same item).
Mini-food processor: Quickly
minces/chops raw veggies
(onions, peppers, garlic,
etc.).
• Check out AAFES on-line at: http://bit.ly/1CVcaPX.
• Check out Amazon.com and compare prices between local
department stores.
After purchasing your cooking device and/or cooking tools:
• Register your device(s) immediately after purchase.
Blender: Blends soups,
smoothies, etc.
• Keep any warranty information and receipt(s) of purchase.
• Organize your operating manuals into a notebook with sheet
protectors or an accordion file for easy reference.
Care for and store devices and tools according to manufacturer
directions:
Cutting Boards: Provides a
surface to cut, dice, chop
meats, vegetables, fruits,
etc. Protects counter-tops.
• To make clean-up easier, line baking sheets and oven pans
with aluminum foil (do not put foil in microwave), parchment
paper or spray with non-stick cooking spray.
• Use only wooden spoons or spatulas on non-stick cookware
to prevent scratching and ruining the non-stick finish.
• Keep kitchen brushes and dish-rags handy and be sure
to clean, replace, or disinfect these cleaning tools on a
routine basis.
• Never operate a device with a frayed or damaged cord.
10
11
STEP 2
MAKE A WEEKLY MENU AND GO FOOD SHOPPING
STEP 2: Make a weekly menu and go food shopping at
least once a week.
Planning a menu and keeping your barracks room well-stocked with
healthier foods will set you up for success. Refer to the Resource
Guide located near the end of this booklet for menu ideas and
recipes (apps and cook books). Keep these guidelines below in
mind when planning your menu:
1. Examine your weekly schedule and look for days/times
where you can devote more time to preparing healthy foods.
2. Make a grocery list that corresponds to your menu. Check
what and how much you already have on-hand so you don’t
duplicate or run low on required ingredients.
3. Build in leftovers so you don’t have to “cook” everyday of the
week. Stews, stir-frys, and pasta/rice/bean dishes can be
made in larger batches and frozen or refrigerated for use later
in the week.
4. Purchase time-saving ingredients. A few ideas include prewashed salad mix, baby carrots, frozen vegetables/fruits,
whole grain pasta/breads/brown rice, canned meats, canned/
low-sodium beans, boneless/skinless poultry, low-sodium
pasta sauce, chopped garlic (jar), minced ginger (jar) etc.
5. Include healthier convenience-type foods in your menu like
frozen meals, healthy soups, or already cooked and prepared
whole chicken. Read the food label and the ingredient list to
help you. Follow the suggestions on the next few pages.
6. Stick to your shopping list when at the store. It is easy to
buy impulse items. Eat before you go shopping to help avoid
purchasing impulse items.
WHOLE GRAINS
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
DAIRY
100% whole wheat bead
Brown rice
100% whole wheat pasta
100% whole wheat cereal
Oatmeal (plain)
Frozen whole wheat waffles
100% whole wheat crackers
(i.e. Triscuits®)
ˆˆ Skim or 1% white milk or
lactose-free milk
ˆˆ Greek yogurt (low-fat)
ˆˆ Kefir yogurt Drink
ˆˆ String cheese
ˆˆ Cottage cheese (1% low-fat)
ˆˆ Cheddar Cheese (2% low-fat)
ˆˆ Parmesan Cheese
VEGETABLES
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
Pre-washed salad greens
Baby carrot sticks
Baby tomatoes
Sweet potatoes, red potatoes,
or white potatoes
ˆˆ Broccoli
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
Bell-peppers (any color)
Corn
Cucumbers
Green beans
Peas
Onions and/or garlic
FRUITS
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
Apples
Bananas
Berries
Melon
Oranges
Clementines
Red or green grapes
Pears
Kiwi
Pineapples
Mangoes
PROTEINS
ˆˆ Egg substitutes or whole eggs
ˆˆ Canned water-packed tuna
(low-sodium)
ˆˆ Canned chicken (low-sodium)
ˆˆ Fresh or frozen fish fillets
(not breaded)
ˆˆ Boneless, skinless chicken breasts
ˆˆ Deli-meats (turkey breast, roast beef)
ˆˆ Beans (canned)
ˆˆ Rotisserie chicken
ˆˆ 93% lean ground beef
ˆˆ All natural nut-butter
(no sugar or salt added)
ˆˆ Nuts (low-sodium)
ˆˆ Hummus
OTHER
ˆˆ Healthy frozen meals (see below)
ˆˆ Pasta sauce (see below)
ˆˆ Canned vegetable, bean, or grain
based soups (see below)
READ THE FOOD LABEL. LOOK FOR:
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
ˆˆ
12
Cereal: ≤10g Sugar; ≥3g Fiber
Yogurt: ≤ 20g Sugar
Frozen Meal: ≤ 600mg Sodium; ≤10g Fat; ≤500 calories
Pasta Sauce: ≤600mg Sodium
Soup: ≤ 800mg Sodium
Frozen or canned fruits/veggies without added salt, sugar, or fat
13
In addition to the nutrition facts label, read the ingredient list and
look for products with the fewest number of ingredients!
Foods and beverages that are minimally processed and contain
whole food ingredients are the best choice.
Check out the examples on the next few pages to help you learn
how to use the ingredient list to stock up on more wholesome
foods.
Yogurt A
Yogurt B
Number of ingredients: 11
Number of ingredients: 2
Nutrition Facts
Nutrition Facts
Serving Size 1 container (170g)
Servings Per Container 8
Serving Size 1 container (170g)
Servings Per Container 1
Ingredients: Cultured Pasteurized Grade A Low Fat Milk, Sugar, Blackberries, Modified Corn
Starch, Kosher Gelatin, Citric
Acid, Colored with Beet Juice,
Ticalcium Phosphate, Natural
Flavor Pectin, Vitamin A Acetate,
Vitamin D3.
Cultured Grade A Reduced Fat
Milk, Pectin.
Protein 5g
Calcium 20%
CONTAINS ACTIVE YOGURT
CULTURES INCLUDING L
ACIDOPHILUS
Protein 8g
16%
Wheat Bread A
Number of ingredients: 8
Wheat Bread B
Number of ingredients: 24
Nutrition Facts
Nutrition Facts
Serving Size 1 slice (48g)
Servings Per Container 14
Serving Size 1 oz (28g)
Servings Per Container 20
Organic Whole Wheat Flour,
Water, Cracked Wheat, Wheat
Bran, Honey, Molasses, Soybean Oil, Salt and Yeast.
Enriched Wheat Flour, Water,
Wheat Gluten, High Fructose Corn
Syrup, Honey, Yeast, Contains 2%
or Less of: Vegetable Oil (Soybean
and/or Cottonseed Oils), Brown
Sugar, Salt, Dough Conditioners
(Mono- And Diglycerides, Ethoxylated Mono- and Diglycerides,
Ascorbic Acid, Azodicarbonamide,
Enzymes), Calcium Sulfate, Calcium
Propionate (Preservative), Distilled
Vinegar, Guar Gum, Yeast Nutrients
(Monocalcium Phosphate, Calcium
Sulfate, Ammonium Sulfate), Corn
Starch, Soy Lecithin, Soy Flour.
Sodium 45mg
Dietary Fiber 4g
Sugar 1g
2%
15%
Iron 8%
Notes
Ingredients: The first ingredient
should always be “whole wheat”
or “whole grain” flour. Also, look
for brands that contain all food
ingredients, very little additives
and no high fructose corn syrup or
hydrogenated oils.
Nutrition: Choose bread with at
least 3 grams of fiber per slice.
Sodium 135mg
Dietary Fiber 2g
Sugar 3g
6%
6%
10%
Calcium 30%
Notes
Ingredients: Look for yogurt with less than five ingredients, no added sugar, and
live active cultures.
Nutrition: Choose yogurt that has at least 8 grams of protein per 6 oz. serving
and at least 30% Daily Value for Calcium. When additives replace real food
ingredients, nutrition declines!
14
15
STEP 3
ALWAYS PRACTICE FOOD SAFETY
STEP 3: Always practice food safety! Avoid crosscontamination during food preparation
You can’t see, smell, or taste harmful bacteria that may be lurking
in your food or on your countertops. Follow the Food Safety
Guidelines on these pages to protect yourself from a foodborne
illness during food preparation.
• Wash hands thoroughly in hot, soapy water before, during,
and after handling food: Avoid touching face or hair when
preparing food.
• Always use a separate cutting board when cutting meats,
veggies, fruits, etc. Keep raw meat, poultry, fish and their
juices away from other foods.
• Always use a separate knife when cutting meats, veggies,
fruits, etc. or, thoroughly wash your knife between foods in
hot/soapy water.
• Cook raw/fresh meat to the correct temperature (insert
meat thermometer half way into the thickest part of meat):
Chicken, Turkey (fresh or ground): 165°F.
Ground Beef: 160°F
Fresh Beef (steaks, roasts), Pork, Lamb, Seafood: 145°F
Note: Never re-insert a meat thermometer without first
washing the probe in hot/soapy water and drying it with a
paper towel.
• Chill leftovers promptly: Perishable foods or dishes containing
meats, seafood, eggs, milk/dairy should not be left out for
more than 2 hours at room temperature.
• Cook or freeze fresh meat promptly:
Cook or freeze fresh poultry, fish, ground meats within 2 days
Cook or freeze other beef, veal, lamb, or pork within 3-5 days
• Re-heat leftovers to the correct temperature: Reheat
leftovers to 165°F or until steaming hot.
Source: http://1.usa.gov/12CDnHh
16
17
Freeze Meat Correctly
To minimize defrosting time, place smaller portions of meat into plastic freezer bags. Squeeze
all of the air out when sealing the bag. Label
outside of packaging with the current date. Most
meats can be frozen for up to 3 months.
Steps to Defrost Meat Using a Refrigerator
(Best Method):
1. Plan ahead: Most meats will take from 24 – 48 hours to thaw
in the refrigerator. Larger portions of meat will take longer.
2. Put frozen meat (do not remove from freezer bag) into a container that is at least 1-inch deep. This keeps leaking juices
from contaminating other foods in your refrigerator.
3. Place the sealed and plated frozen meat on the bottom shelf
of your refrigerator.
4. Prepare thawed ground meat, seafood, and poultry within 1-2
days of thawing.
5. Prepare thawed lamb, pork, beef, steak, and all other types of
meats within 3-5 days of thawing.
Steps To Defrost Meat Using a Microwave
(An Alternative Method)
1. Remove meat from its freezer bag, wrap, and/or
Styrofoam packaging and place it in a microwave safe
dish that is at least 1-inch deep. (To more easily remove
the frozen meat from its packaging, defrost it for a few
minutes).
2. Defrost your meat using the defrost setting on your
microwave. Refer to your user manual for the meat’s
preferred setting and timing. If your microwave doesn’t
have a designated defrost mode, set the power to
50 percent.
3. Check the meat throughout the defrosting time. As outer
portions of ground meat thaw, remove them to a separate
dish. If the edges of meat feel warm, stop microwaving and
allow meat to stand for a few minutes or until edges are
cold again.
4. Immediately cook meat that has been defrosted in the
microwave. Don’t let it stand for any length of time at room
temperature or in the fridge.
18
19
STEP 4
PROPERLY STORE YOUR PERISHABLE FOODS
STEP 4: Properly store your perishable food (meat and
meat dishes, dairy, eggs, and any leftovers).
PERISHABLE FOOD STORAGE GUIDE
Refrigerator
(40°F or
below)
Freezer
(0°F or
below)
3 to 5 days
does not
freeze well
Opened package
1 week
1 to 2
months
Unopened package
2 weeks
1 to 2
months
3 to 5 days
1 to 2
months
2 weeks
1 to 2
months
7 days
1 month
Sausage, raw — from chicken, turkey, pork, beef
1 to 2 days
1 to 2
months
Hamburger, ground beef,
turkey, veal, pork, lamb, &
mixtures of them
1 to 2 days
3 to 4
months
Steaks
3 to 5 days
6 to 12
months
Chops
3 to 5 days
4 to 6
months
Roast
3 to 5 days
4 to 12
months
Chicken or turkey, whole
1 to 2 days
1 year
Category
Salads
Food
Egg, chicken, ham,
tuna and macaroni salads
Hot dogs
Protect your perishable food from spoilage and bacteria by storing
it correctly in the refrigerator and/or freezer. Refer to the guide on
the next page.
Keep a refrigerator thermometer visible in the warmest part of your
refrigerator (usually on the top shelf). Check it often. Make sure
your refrigerator is reading 36°F - 40°F. If it is too warm
(≥ 41°F), bacteria can quickly multiply which could contaminate
your food.
Luncheon Meat
Unopened package
Bacon
Bacon and
Sausage
Hamburgers and
Other Ground
Meats
Fresh Beef, Veal,
Lamb & Pork
Fresh Poultry
Chicken or turkey, pieces
1 to 2 days
9 months
Fresh Fish and
Shell Fish
Fish or shellfish
1 to 2 days
2 to 3
months
Soups & Stews
Vegetable or meat added
3 to 4 days
2 to 3
months
Cooked meat or poultry
3 to 4 days
2 to 6
months
Chicken nuggets or patties
3 to 4 days
1 to 3
months
Pizza
3 to 4 days
1 to 2
months
Cooked fish or shellfish
3 to 4 days
4 to 6
months
Leftovers
Keep it tasting fresh!
Visit the web or use a phone app:
Is My Food Safe? http://homefoodsafety.org/app
20
Opened package or deli
slices
Source: http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/charts/storagetimes.html
21
Section 2
MEAL IDEAS FOR BREAKFAST, LUNCH AND DINNER
Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner Ideas
The next few pages are divided up by meal (Breakfast, Lunch,
Dinner). Each meal contains menu ideas that are either:
Breakfast Tip:
To keep you energized throughout the
morning, choose a breakfast that
contains any combination of :
Complex Carbohydrate + Protein + Fiber +/or Healthy Fat
1) Time Saving or
2) Involve more time to cook/prepare. Choose what works best for
your schedule. These options are meant to be “idea-generators”.
Refer to the resource section at the end of this guide for additional
help in finding healthy recipes, cookbooks, apps, and other menu
ideas.
EXAMPLES OF BREAKFAST FOOD TO MIX-N-MATCH
Complex
Carbohydrate
100% Whole
wheat bread,
bagel, English
muffin, tortilla
100% Whole
wheat cereal
Oatmeal
Brown rice
Protein
Fiber
Low-fat milk
Fresh fruit
Greek yogurt
Frozen fruit
Egg or egg
substitute
Fresh veggies
Nut butter*
Frozen veggies
Nuts*
Healthy Fat**
Olive oil
Canola oil
Low-fat
margarine
Avocado
(1/8)
*Count as a protein and a fat. **Practice portion control (1-2 tsp.)
22
23
Breakfast Meal Ideas
(15 MINUTES OR LESS)
How to Prepare Scrambled Eggs in the Microwave:
• Spray a small microwavable container (bowl or large coffee
mug) with cooking spray.
• Crack 2 eggs into the container and whisk them well with a
fork. Egg substitute or egg whites may also be used.
• Add 1-2 Tbsp. of low-fat milk and stir.
• Microwave on HIGH (uncovered) for 45 seconds. Carefully
remove container (use oven-mitts) and stir eggs with a clean
fork. Then, microwave again on HIGH until eggs are almost
set, usually about 30-45 more seconds.
• Remove container from microwave using oven-mitts.
• Stir again with a clean fork, and serve immediately.
Time-Saving Breakfast Ideas:
• Whole grain cereal and low-fat milk or lactose-free milk.
Look for cereal that contains ≥ 3g fiber and ≤ 10g sugar.
Top with fresh fruit.
• Greek yogurt. Top it with fresh fruit , ¼ cup low-fat granola,
and/or a small handful of roasted almonds (1 oz. = 24).
• 100% Whole wheat bread with 1-2 Tbsp. of nut butter.
Choose all-natural, chunky or creamy nut butter (read
label and look for no added sugar; nuts should be the only
ingredient).
• Protein packed fruit smoothie. (use frozen fruit).
In a blender, combine 1 cup frozen mixed berries,
1 banana, 1 orange (peeled, all seeds removed, and cut
into segments), and ¾ cup Vanilla-flavored Greek Yogurt.
• Egg breakfast sandwich. 1-2 scrambled eggs (stove-top or
microwave) on a 100% whole wheat English muffin.
Add-ins: fresh spinach, tomato, Canadian ham, onion, salsa,
or hot-sauce.
ADD MORE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
TO YOUR BREAKFAST...
Try a delicious Green Smoothie made with fresh spinach,
frozen mango, and cranberry juice. Top pancakes or waffles
with fresh fruit instead of syrup. Layer berries, Greek yogurt,
and granola to make a healthy parfait. Add dried fruits (raisins,
cherries, or cranberries) to your oatmeal. Fill a whole wheat
English Muffin with cooked eggs, fresh tomato, and spinach for
an on-the-go breakfast.
24
25
Breakfast Meal Ideas
(30 MINUTES OR MORE)
When You Have More Time to Prepare Breakfast
WHOLE WHEAT PANCAKES:
Ingredients:
Use Whole Wheat Pancake & Waffle Mix.
Look for a mix with ≥ 3g fiber/serving and ≤ 1g fat.
Directions:
Follow directions on the box and add in low-fat milk or lactose- free
milk. Add fresh/frozen blueberries (thaw frozen), a sliced banana,
and/or a teaspoon of cinnamon.
Store and Save for later:
Refrigerator: Refrigerate within two hours of cooking; place in
plastic bag to prevent drying out. For best quality, refrigerate for
only 1 day. Freeze: Place a sheet of wax paper between each
pancake, then wrap pancakes tightly in aluminum foil or place in
a heavy-duty freezer bag. For best quality, freeze for 1-2 months.
When ready to eat, microwave each frozen pancake on HIGH for
30-60 seconds or, until steaming hot.
PUMPKIN SPICE MUFFINS
Ingredients:
1 box carrot cake mix
1 (15 oz.) can pure pumpkin puree
¼ cup applesauce
¼ cup water
Directions:
Pre-heat oven to 350 F. Line muffin pan with paper muffin liners.
Simply mix all ingredients until just combined.
Drop batter into muffin pan – filling each muffin cup to ²/3 full.
Bake for 20–22 minutes. Check for doneness using a knife inserted in the center of a muffin. If it comes out clean, the muffins are
26
finished. If not, cook for a few minutes longer and check again with
a clean knife. Makes about 18 muffins.
Store and Save for later:
Pantry: Store in sealed container for 1-2 days. Refrigerate: Store in
sealed container for 1 week. Freezer: Store in sealed container or
heavy-duty freezer bag for 1 month.
BREAKFAST BURRITOS:
Ingredients:
12 eggs (6 with yolks, 6 without (just the egg whites). Or, use
egg-substitute.
¼ cup skim milk
1 red pepper, diced
1 green pepper, diced
1 onion, diced
¾ lb. turkey sausage
1 cup reduced fat cheddar cheese, shredded
10 whole wheat tortillas
Directions:
In a bowl, crack the eggs one at a time, add the milk, and beat
together with a whisk or a fork until well blended. In a large skillet
over medium high heat, brown the sausage, peppers, and onions
until the sausage is no longer pink and the vegetables are tender.
Turn the heat down to medium and add the eggs. Let the eggs cook
for a minute or two. You can then scrape the eggs from the edge
of the pan to the center and continue doing this until the eggs are
just about set. Sprinkle the cheese on top and let rest for 20-30
seconds while the cheese melts.
Spoon some of the sausage and egg filling in the center of a
tortilla. Wrap up each tortilla burrito-style, with the sides folded in.
Place each burrito seam side down and allow to cool for a couple of
minutes. Makes 10 burritos.
Store and Save for later:
Freeze: Wrap each burrito in plastic wrap and then either wrap in
foil or place in a plastic freezer bag. When ready to eat, remove all
wrappings and place in the microwave oven for ~ 90 seconds.
27
Lunch Meal Ideas
(15 MINUTES OR LESS)
WHAT’S FOR LUNCH?
Skip the fast-food restaurant and save money, calories, and
fat! Pack or prepare one of these quick and easy lunch ideas.
Time-Saving Lunch Ideas:
• Low-sodium veggie or bean soup (≤ 800mg of sodium per
serving). Serve with: 1 whole-grain roll, 12 baby carrots,
and a fresh apple.
• Lean roast beef & Swiss cheese sandwich. Use 100% whole wheat bread. Add flavor with mustard, wasabi paste,
or low-fat mayonnaise. Add veggies like 2 slices of fresh
avocado, a slice of tomato, and/or fresh spinach leaves.
Serve with: Fresh fruit and a side-salad topped with 1-2
Tbsp. of low-fat vinaigrette dressing.
• 2 Tbsp. hummus and fresh cut-up veggies. Use peeled and
sliced carrots, celery, bell-peppers, sugar-snap peas, and/
or baby tomatoes. Use store-bought hummus.
Serve with: fresh fruit and 1 oz. (a small handful) of pita
chips, and 1 oz. of raw nuts (small handful).
• Peanut butter and banana sandwich. Use 100% whole
wheat bread and 1-2 Tbsp. of peanut butter. Choose
all-natural, chunky or creamy peanut butter (read label
and look for no added sugar; peanuts should be the only
ingredient). Serve with: 1-2 cups raw veggies and 1 cup
low-fat milk.
• Cheese quesadillas. Spread 1 tsp. each of low-fat
margarine on two 100% whole-wheat tortillas. Sprinkle
¼ cup shredded low-fat cheese in-between the two
tortillas. Microwave for ~ 30-60 seconds (until cheese is
melted). Top with ¼ cup salsa, and/or 1 Tbsp. low-fat
sour-cream. Serve with: 1-2 cups raw veggies and 1 cup
of sliced fresh fruit.
28
29
Lunch Meal Ideas
(30 MINUTES OR MORE)
When You Have More Time to Prepare Lunch
SZECHUAN CHICKEN & VEGETABLES OVER RICE
Ingredients:
2 tsp light sesame oil
1 pound thawed boneless, skinless chicken breast tenders
¼ teaspoon dried red pepper flakes
1 (10 oz.) package fresh stir-fry vegetables
¼ cup low-sodium teriyaki sauce
Brown rice
Directions:
Begin cooking brown rice according to package directions.
Meanwhile, heat oil in large nonstick skillet over medium-high heat.
Add chicken and sprinkle with pepper flakes; stir-fry for 3 minutes.
Add vegetables and teriyaki sauce, stir-fry for 5 minutes or until
vegetables are crisp-tender and chicken is thoroughly cooked (no
longer pink and internal temperature reaches 165°F). Serves 4.
BEEF STEW
Ingredients:
2 pounds boneless beef sirloin steak, cut into 1-inch cubes
3 Tbsp. flour
2 Tbsp. vegetable oil, divided
1 package of beef stew seasoning mix
3 cups of water
5 cups of frozen vegetables for stew
Directions:
Coat beef with flour. Heat 1 tablespoon of the oil in a large nonstick
skillet on medium-high heat. Add ½ of the beef; brown on all sides.
Repeat with remaining beef, adding remaining 1 tablespoon oil.
Return all beef to skillet.
Stir in seasoning mix and water. Add vegetables; bring to boil. Reduce heat to low; cover and simmer 15 minutes or until vegetables
are tender. Serves 8.
Note: You can also make this in the slow-cooker or crock pot. Place
the cooked beef cubes and other ingredients in a crockpot. Stir.
Cook on low for 4-8 hours.
Store and Save for Later:
Refrigerate: In a tightly sealed container for 3-4 days. Freeze: In a
tightly sealed container for 4-6 months.
Keep warm until rice is complete. Pour ~ 1 cup of chicken mix over
½ cup cooked rice.
Store and save for later:
Refrigerate: In a tightly sealed container for 3-4 days. Freeze: In a
tightly sealed container for up to 4 months.
30
31
Dinner Meal Ideas
(15 MINUTES OR LESS)
WHAT’S FOR DINNER?
Make sure you have healthy food on-hand to prepare a
delicious meal after work!
How to Prepare a Baked Potato in the Microwave:
• Wash (scrub) medium-sized baked potato well. Using a fork,
poke holes (at least 4 times) into both the top and bottom
side of the baked potato.
• On a microwavable safe plate, microwave on HIGH for 4
minutes.
• Using a paper towel to help protect your fingers (Caution: it
will be hot), flip it over and microwave on HIGH for 4 more
minutes.
• Remove the plate using oven mitts/gloves (very hot). Slice
potato open and enjoy with spray butter, ¼ cup low-fat
cheddar cheese, and/or steamed veggies/beans of your
choice. Season with black pepper, salsa, or hot-sauce.
Time-Saving Dinner Ideas:
• Baked potato with low-fat cheese and steamed veggies.
Microwave 1-2 cups of frozen veggies according to package
directions. Place cooked veggies and 1-2 Tbsp. low-fat,
shredded cheese on top of baked potato.
Serve with: Fresh fruit.
• Healthy frozen meal.
Refer to page 3 for help in selecting a healthier frozen meal.
Serve with: Fresh fruit and a side-salad topped with low-fat
vinaigrette dressing.
• Chicken salad on top of fresh greens.
Use 1 can of canned, drained chicken breast. Mix together
chicken breast and 2 Tbsp. low-fat Italian salad dressing.
Place chicken on top of 2 cups of mixed salad greens. Top with
1 small tomato cut into wedges, ¼ red onion cut into thinly
sliced rings, 1 hard-cooked egg, sliced, and 1/8 cup pitted ripe
black olives (optional). Serve with: Fresh fruit (i.e. apple) and a
few whole-grain crackers (pre-portioned).
• Thai beef rolls.
Directions: Combine 1 1/2 Tbsp. lime juice, 1 Tbsp. dark
sesame oil, 1 Tbsp. bottled ground fresh ginger, 1 Tbsp. of
bottled minced garlic, 2 tsp. of fish sauce, and ¾ tsp. sugar.
Stir well with a spoon. Place a whole grain tortilla on a plate
and brush lightly with 2 tsp. of juice mixture. Cover with a few
pieces of torn lettuce or spinach leaves. Place a small handful
of match-stick cut carrots on top of lettuce leaves. Place 3 oz.
lean roast beef on top of mixture and wrap-up. Save remaining
juice in refrigerator for up to 7 days.
Serve with: Fresh fruit and low-fat milk.
MAKE IT AHEAD TIP!
Cook brown rice in large batches per package directions.
Freeze 1 cup portions in individually sealed plastic zip-lock
bags. Thaw in refrigerator overnight. When ready to eat, place
in microwaveable container, and heat in microwave on HIGH for
45-60 seconds or until steaming hot.
32
33
Dinner Meal Ideas
(30 MINUTES OR MORE)
When You Have More Time to Prepare Dinner
MAPLE-GLAZED SALMON WITH COOKED SPINACH
Ingredients:
½ cup orange juice
1
/3 cup pure maple syrup
2 tsp. minced ginger (jar variety)
1 tsp. crushed garlic (jar variety)
4, 4-6 oz. salmon fillets, without skin
1 package of frozen, chopped spinach
Salmon Directions:
Preheat oven to 400°F. Line a baking pan with parchment paper
and coat paper with cooking spray. Place orange juice, syrup, ginger
and garlic in a small pan over medium heat, and bring to a boil.
Reduce the heat to medium-low and simmer for 8 minutes or until
slightly reduced and syrupy.
Place salmon on prepared tray. Reserve half the maple glaze. Pour
remaining glaze over salmon fillets. Bake for 12-18 minutes. Salmon
should flake easily with a fork. Thermometer inserted into center of
salmon should read > 145°F. Drizzle reserved glaze over salmon
and serve with spinach. Serves 4.
Spinach Directions: Meanwhile prepare frozen spinach in microwave-safe covered dish according to package directions. Keep
covered until salmon is ready to be served.
Store and Save for later:
Refrigerate: Refrigerate within 30 minutes of cooking. Store in an
air-tight glass/Pyrex container for up to 4 days. Freeze: Store in an
air-tight glass/Pyrex container for up to 2-3 months. (Thaw overnight
in refrigerator).
34
VEGGIE LOADED CHILI
Ingredients:
½ Tbsp. olive oil
3 tsp. chopped garlic
2 cans of low-sodium diced tomatoes
2 cups chopped baby carrots
1 cup chopped celery
1 cup chopped zucchini
1 cup chopped onion
1 cup chopped bell pepper
1 large jalapeño, chopped (leave some seeds in for heat, if desired)
1 can low-sodium kidney beans, drained and rinsed
1 can low-sodium black beans, drained and rinsed
1 can low-sodium pinto beans, drained and rinsed
2 Tbsp. dried oregano
½ cup vegetable broth
Chili powder (to taste)
Directions:
Add olive oil to a large stock pan over medium heat. Once the oil
is hot, add in the onions, peppers, carrots, celery and zucchini and
cook until the veggies just start to become tender.
Next, add in the beans. Then add the tomatoes, garlic, oregano and
broth. Stir. Add chili powder depending on your taste preference.
Bring this mixture to a boil while stirring to combine all the flavors.
Once it boils, put a lid on it and turn down the heat to simmer. Let it
simmer for about 1 hour. This allows the flavors to meld beautifully
together. Stir occasionally to prevent sticking. Serve it up and eat it
while it’s hot. Serves 8.
Store and Save for later:
Refrigerate: in an airtight container for 3-4 days. Freeze: Store in an
airtight container for 4-6 months. You can re-heat it as is or re-heat
and serve over a baked potato or cooked rice!
35
Salad Making 101
Mix and Match Salad Starters
Step 1
GETTING STARTED
choose a base
Salad is a quick and easy way to incorporate more vegetables into
your diet at lunch and/or dinner. Salads are packed with good-foryou vitamins and minerals. When topped with lean protein and
a small amount of dressing, a salad is a complete meal that will
satisfy your hunger. Follow the steps on the next page to build
your next meal!
Salads are a great way to
use leftovers!
Step 2
add veggies
Step 3
pick a protein
Step 4
top it off
36
Choose between a pre-packaged
leafy greens like spinach, romaine or
mixed greens OR a starch like baked
potato, pasta, rice, quinoa, or sweet
potato
Add ½ -1 cup of veggies like carrots,
tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, celery,
radishes, zucchini, onions, broccoli,
broccoli slaw, corn, peas
Add 2-3 oz. of protein like hard
boiled eggs (1-2), grilled chicken,
lean beef, cooked shrimp,
water-packed tuna, grilled fish,
beans, lentils
Top it off with 1-2 Tbsp. of low fat
dressing like lite balsamic vinaigrette, crushed black pepper or saltfree lemon pepper OR other options
like hot sauce, Siracha sauce, red
pepper flakes, Wasabi
37
SALAD PREPARATION TECHNIQUES
How to seed and chop a cucumber
HOW TO BOIL THE PERFECT EGGS
»» wash it
1. Gently place eggs in a single layer in saucepan.
»» slice it in half lengthwise
2. Add enough cold water to cover the eggs by 1 inch.
Turn the heat to high just until the water starts to boil.
»» scoop out the seeds with a spoon
»» chop it into ½ to 1 inch cubes
Learn how to chop an onion
Scan the link below
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDjNl5gs4nM
3. As soon as you see boiling action, turn off the
heat, and remove the pan. Place pan on a trivet or
counter-top protector and put a lid on the pan. Let it
sit for 15 min.
4. Drain off the hot water into the sink.
5. Add ice water to quickly cool eggs.
6. Let the eggs sit in the ice water for 15 minutes. If ice
melts, replace with new ice!
7. Once eggs are cool to the touch, drain the water. Peel
and/or refrigerate for later!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbnL2lxaB74
Learn how to slice fresh peppers
Scan the link below
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o28yI1XTQQU
38
39
Section
Section 33
MICROWAVABLE
RECIPES
MICROWAVABLE MEALS
MICROWAVABLE TURKEY MEATBALLS
STEAMED BROCCOLI IN THE MICROWAVE
Ingredients:
1 small – medium sized head of broccoli
Ingredients:
1 lb. 93% or 99% ground turkey
½ c. seasoned, dried bread crumbs
1 egg, beaten
1 tsp. salt
1 Tbsp. Worcestershire sauce
1 Tbsp. dried minced onion
⅛ cup water
Directions:
Wash broccoli thoroughly and pat it dry with a paper towel.
Using a sharp knife, cut off the large stalk. Cut the broccoli florets
into bite-size pieces about 1 ½ inch in size.
Directions:
Arrange florets in a single layer in small and shallow, 1-quart
microwave-safe dish. Pour ⅛ cup water over the broccoli florets.
Mix together all ingredients. Shape into balls and arrange
in a circle in a 9 or 10 inch glass pie plate. Cover plate with
wax paper.
COVER with a lid and microwave on HIGH or 2 ½ - 3 minutes. Carefully remove from microwave (very hot) and use oven
mitts to remove the lid.
Microwave on high 8 to 11 minutes, rotating plate (if no turn table)
and turning meatballs over once or twice during cooking. (Ensure
meatballs reach 165°F)
Serve as is (plain) or season with spray-butter and a dash of your
favorite seasoning if desired!
Recipe makes 12 large or 18 medium meatballs.
HINT - STEAMING BROCCOLI
Watch-out for over cooking! Broccoli when steamed should
be a bright green color and a fork should easily slide into it.
Over cooked broccoli is mushy and easily falls apart.
40
41
MICROWAVABLE CHICKEN TERIYAKI
Ingredients:
¼ cup low-sodium soy sauce
2 Tbsp. ketchup
2 Tbsp. garlic powder
3 Tbsp. of white sugar
1 skinless, boneless chicken breast (8 oz.) – thawed and cut into
strips or you can use 4 boneless, skinless chicken tenderloins.
Directions:
In a bowl, combine and stir together soy sauce, ketchup, garlic
powder, and sugar.
Toss chicken in sauce to coat, and place onto a microwave safe
plate.
Place paper towel over and cook in the microwave on high for 5
to 8 minutes, or until chicken reaches an internal temperature of
165°F. Makes 1 serving.
HINT - QUICK THAW CHICKEN
Place frozen chicken on a microwavable safe dish. Cover
with paper towel and place in microwave for 6 minutes or
push the defrost button and indicate weight of chicken.
MICROWAVABLE APPLE CRISP
Ingredients:
1 large Granny Smith apple - peeled, cored and sliced
1 Tbsp. and 1 tsp. of butter, melted in microwave
2 Tbsp. packed brown sugar
2 Tbsp. quick cooking oats
1 Tbsp. and 1 tsp. all-purpose flour
⅛ tsp. ground cinnamon
⅛ tsp. ground allspice
Directions:
Spread the apple slices evenly in a small glass baking dish.
In a medium bowl, mix together the melted butter, brown sugar, oats,
flour, cinnamon and allspice.
Sprinkle this topping evenly over the apples.
Cook on full power in the microwave for 1 ½ - 2 minutes (until apples
can easily be pierced with a knife). Makes 1 serving.
MICROWAVABLE CORN-ON-THE-COB
Ingredients:
1 – 4 ears of corn
Directions:
Place 1–4 ears of un-shucked corn in microwave on a microwave
safe plate.
Microwave on HIGH
Microwave 1–2 ears (3 minutes)
Microwave 3–4 ears (4-5 minutes)
Allow to cool. Using gloves, set ears on a cooling rack or cutting
board to cool.
Shuck (remove) the husks off the cobs and enjoy.
42
43
MICROWAVABLE CHICKEN SOFT TACOS
Ingredients:
1 cup shredded, roasted (cooked) skinless,
boneless chicken breasts
¼ cup chopped fresh cilantro
¼ cup bottled chipotle salsa
4 (6-inch) 100% whole-wheat flour tortillas
½ cup chopped tomato
¼ cup (1 oz.) shredded cheddar cheese
¼ cup diced peeled avocado
2 Tbsp. low-fat or fat-free sour cream
Directions:
Combine first 3 ingredients in a medium bowl, tossing well to
combine. Spoon about ¹⁄³ cup chicken mixture onto each tortilla;
microwave each taco at high 30 seconds or until warm. Makes 4
servings.
Top each taco with tomato, cheese, avocado, and sour cream. Now
you are ready to enjoy!
Directions:
In a large microwave-safe bowl, combine the tomato sauce, Italian
seasoning, and garlic powder. Cover and microwave on high for 2
minutes; stir. Cover again and cook at 50% power for 3-5 minutes or
until mixture simmers, stirring once; set aside.
In another bowl, combine the crumbs, Parmesan cheese and
parsley.
Dip the chicken into the beaten egg, then roll in the crumb mixture
until both sides are coated.
Place in a lightly-greased (spray with cooking spray) shallow 2-quart
microwave-safe dish.
Cover and microwave on high for 7-8 minutes, rotating a half turn
after 4 minutes if microwave oven doesn’t have a turn-table.
Pour tomato mixture over chicken, sprinkle with mozzarella. Cook,
uncovered, at 50% power for 3-5 minutes or until chicken reaches
internal temperature of 165°F.
Store and Save for Later:
Refrigerate: In a tightly sealed container for 3-4 days. Re-heat 1
serving in the microwave for 1 ½ minutes on 80% power or until
steaming hot. Freeze for 3-4 months and thaw in refrigerator.
MICROWAVABLE CHICKEN PARMESAN
Ingredients:
1 jar (28 oz.) tomato sauce
3 teaspoons Italian seasoning
¼ teaspoon garlic powder
½ cup cornflake crumbs
¼ cup grated parmesan cheese
1 teaspoon dried parsley flakes
4 boneless, skinless chicken breast halves
1 egg, beaten in a bowl and set aside
¹⁄3 cup shredded part-skim mozzarella cheese
44
45
MICROWAVABLE PIZZA CASSEROLE
MICROWAVABLE CHICKEN AND BEAN SOUP
Ingredients:
Ingredients:
1 pound of 93% lean ground beef (thawed)
½ cup chopped onion
½ cup chopped green pepper
1 jar (28 oz.) pasta sauce
1 can (4 oz.) sliced mushrooms, drained (optional)
4 oz. sliced turkey pepperoni (optional – use a very small handful)
2 cups of uncooked noodles (penne or rotini work well)
1 ½ cups water
½ tsp. dried oregano
½ tsp. garlic powder
½ tsp. dried basil leaves
3 tsp. Italian seasoning
¾ cup shredded skim mozzarella cheese
1 (14 oz.) bag whole-kernel corn, frozen
1 (15 oz.) can black beans
1 (15 oz.) can kidney or cannellini beans
1 (14.5 oz.) can diced tomatoes with green chilies, low-sodium
1 (14.5 oz.) can chicken broth, low sodium
1 (10 oz.) can chunked chicken
1 (10 oz.) can cheddar cheese soup (reduced fat and/or low-sodium)
Directions:
Open all the cans. Drain and rinse beans in a strainer.
Place all ingredients in a large (2.5 quart or larger deep)
microwave-safe bowl and stir well.
Directions:
Cover and cook on high for 18 minutes, stirring three times (every 6
minutes) or until heated through.
Remove the ground beef from its packaging, and place it in a large
(2.5 quart or larger, deep) microwave-safe casserole dish.
Serve. Makes 10 servings.
Microwave on HIGH (uncovered) for 2 minutes. Stir and microwave
another 1 ½ minutes until done. Drain ground beef thoroughly.
Place all ingredients in a large pot on the stove and heat thoroughly.
Add all of the following ingredients: onions, peppers, pasta sauce,
sliced mushrooms, pepperoni, uncooked noodles, water, oregano,
garlic powder, basil, and Italian seasoning.
Cover and microwave on HIGH for 10 ½ minutes. Remove the lid and
top it off with the ¾ cup mozzarella cheese Microwave on HIGH for
an additional 30 seconds.
Alternate directions:
Store and Save for Later:
Refrigerate ½ of the recipe: In a tightly sealed container for 3-4
days. (Enjoy as it is or use it to top baked potatoes, pasta or rice.)
Freeze the other ½ of the recipe in a tightly sealed container for 4-6
months and thaw in refrigerator, microwavable.
Makes 6–8 servings. Serve with steamed broccoli
Store and Save for Later:
Refrigerate: In a tightly sealed container for 3–5 days. Re-heat 1
serving in the microwave for 1½ -2 minutes on 80% power. Freeze:
In a tightly sealed container for 6-8 months. Microwave 1 serving of
frozen casserole on 80% power for 4 minutes (or until steaming hot).
46
LEFTOVERS HINT
When storing leftovers, try to store them in single serving
size containers. The easier they are to grab, the more likely
you are to eat them.
47
Section 4
MAKING BETTER CHOICES WHEN DINING OUT
When you eat in the DFAC or when you visit a restaurant (fast-food
or sit-down), follow the guidelines on the next few pages to help you
make healthier food choices.
DFAC Dining: Go For GREEN®
Go for Green® is a Department of Defense (DoD) nutrition program
designed to help you identify healthy food and beverage choices in
the DFAC. Food and beverage choices are color-coded either green,
yellow, or red based on nutrition quality (fiber, sugar, degree of processing, type and amount of fat and overall wholesomeness). Look
for the green, yellow, and red labels at the DFAC and pick foods/
beverages identified as “Green” as often as possible.
High Performance
Foods/Beverages
• Premium fuel for
the Soldier Athlete
• Fresh and flavorful
• Nutrient dense
• Go for Green: Eat
often
Moderate Performance
Foods/Beverages
• Higher in calories
• Lower in vitamins
and minerals
• Eat Sometimes
Low Performance
Foods/Beverages
• Highest in calories
• Lowest in vitamins
and minerals
• Eat Rarely
HINT - HEALTH TIP
For more nutrition information about your favorite AAFES
restaurant, visit the web at: http://bit.ly/1NjarXe. (Click on
the AAFES restaurant of your choice to see the most current
nutrition information per item.)
FAST-FOOD DINING
INSTEAD OF THIS:
CHOOSE THIS:
Anthony’s Pizza
2 large slices of pepperoni pizza
1 large regular soda
Total: 1170 calories and 42g fat
2 large slices of cheese pizza
Water, 12 baby carrots
Total: 873 calories and 32g fat
Burger King
BK Whopper Value Meal
with mayo and cheese
Large Coke
Large fries
Total: 1520 calories and 66g fat
BK Whopper Jr.
without mayo and cheese
Fresh apple slices
Fat-free white milk
Total: 360 calories and 10g fat
Popeyes
Popeyes Chicken Tenders (3)
Large Cajun fries
1 biscuit
22 oz. Coke
Total: 1600 calories and 70 g fat
48
Popeyes Blackened Tenders (3)
Green beans (reg. size)
Baguette
Water
Total: 300 calories and 6g fat
49
MAKE BETTER CHOICES WHEN DINING OUT
Meals and/or main dishes:
Cut calories and/or reduce fat by following these guidelines
when dining out.
• Avoid super-sizing; order a kids meal instead.
Beverages:
• Choose baked, broiled, or grilled meats over fried meats.
• Choose water, light-lemonade, unsweetened iced tea, or
diet soda instead of regular soda.
• Choose low-fat milk instead of a milkshake.
Sandwiches:
• Ask for mayonnaise on the side or skip it all together.
1 Tbsp. of mayonnaise has 100 calories! Substitute
mustard for the mayonnaise.
• Skip the special sauce.
• Skip the cheese.
• Order sandwiches with low-fat meat (turkey, lean roast beef,
grilled chicken).
• Order ½ portions or split an entrée with a friend or
co-worker.
• Watch out for fat-laden sauces (Alfredo, cheese, or cream).
Instead, choose marinara, vinaigrette, salsa, or mustardbased sauces and/or ask for the sauce to be put on the
side so you can control the calories.
Salads:
• Order low-fat or vinaigrette dressing on the side.
• Skip the cheese, croutons, or fried noodles (or, order them
on the side so you can control the portions).
• Top salads with grilled chicken instead of fried chicken,
pepperoni, or ham.
• Ask for extra veggies on sandwiches.
Sides:
• Instead of fries, order a side-salad with low-fat dressing or a
baked potato without butter (or, butter on the side).
• Choose baked chips or pretzels over regular chips.
• Bring your own side from home (raw carrot sticks, fresh
fruit) and save money!
50
51
Section 5
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
Additional Resources:
Cookbooks:
• Cooking Light: 5 Ingredient, 15 Minute Cookbook (Oxmoor
House)
• 500, 5 Ingredient Recipes (Better Homes and Gardens)
Web-Sites:
• http://bit.ly/1rSALR3 (Quick and healthy recipes from
cookinglight.com)
• http://bit.ly/1E0RD9X (Healthy recipes from allrecipes.
com)
• http://bit.ly/1z7SmTc (Timely recipe ideas from
commissaries.com)
Phone Apps:
• Is my food safe? (http://homefoodsafety.org)
• MyMealPlannerLight (Monthly meal planning guide with
grocery list).
• Fooducate (Get help on choosing healthier packaged
food).
• SparkRecipes
For more information:
E-mail all questions and comments regarding this Cooking
Guide for Soldiers to: usarmy.apg.medcom-phc.mbx.hpw-webcontacts@mail.mil. Please put “Soldiers Cooking Guide” in the
subject line.
52
My Plate tips
• Eat a variety of colorful FRUITS. Choose mostly fresh
or frozen.
• Fill most of your plate with VEGETABLES. Eat raw, steamed,
roasted or grilled. Flavor with herbs and low-sodium spices.
• Eat low-fat DAIRY options like low-fat milk, soy milk, and
yogurt. Limit cheese.
• Eat whole GRAINS (look for 100% whole wheat). Limit
refined (white) bread, pasta and rice.
• Choose mostly PROTEIN like fish, lean poultry, beans. Limit
red meat, bacon, cold-cuts, and other processed meats.
• Choose heart-healthy FATS (olive oil, canola oil). Avoid transfats (fried foods, many pre-packaged foods).
53
NOTES
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