to read more about this robot

to read more about this robot
All work is done in house
Large stock of spare parts for servo motors, including
connectors, magnets, resolvers , encoders
Different service levels to meet your emergency needs
Detailed repair reports available upon request
Right tools to do the job
Highly trained and experienced staff
Industrial repair all across North America
Servo repair on all types and brands of servo motors,
stepper motors and pancake motors
Factory authorized servo repair facility for various brands
Repair performed on over 30,000 servo motors, stepping
motors, and pancake motors
Over two million dollars invested in testing equipment
Over 200+ servo motor repair test stands
24 hour call centre
Phone numbers:
Main
1-905-829-2505
Toll free
1-888-932-9183
Fax
1-905-829-4416
Websites:
www.servorepair.ca
www.servo-repair.com
www.accuelectric.com
E-mails:
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
ABB Flexible Automation AB
Product Manual IRB 6400R M99, On-line Manual
MAIN MENU
Introduction
Installation and Commissioning
Product Specification IRB 6400R
Maintenance
Product Specification RobotWare
Troubleshooting Tools
Safety
Fault tracing guide
CE-declaration
Circuit Diagram
Configuration List
Repairs
System Description
Spare parts
Description
20
Product Specification IRB 1400 M97A/BaseWare OS 3.0
Introduction
CONTENTS
Page
1 How to use this Manual........................................................................................... 3
2 What you must know before you use the Robot ................................................... 3
3 Identification ............................................................................................................ 4
Product Manual
1
Introduction
2
Product Manual
Introduction
Introduction
1 How to use this Manual
This manual provides information on installation, preventive maintenance, troubleshooting and how to carry out repairs on the manipulator and controller. Its intended
audience is trained maintenance personnel with expertise in both mechanical and
electrical systems. The manual does not in any way assume to take the place of the
maintenance course offered by ABB Flexible Automation.
Anyone reading this manual should also have access to the User’s Guide.
The chapter entitled System Description provides general information on the robot
structure, such as its computer system, input and output signals, etc.
How to assemble the robot and install all signals, etc., is described in the chapter on
Installation and Commissioning.
If an error should occur in the robot system, you can find out why it has happened in
the chapter on Troubleshooting. If you receive an error message, you can also consult
the chapter on System and Error Messages in the User’s Guide. It is very helpful to
have a copy of the circuit diagram at hand when trying to locate cabling faults.
Servicing and maintenance routines are described in the chapter on Maintenance.
2 What you must know before you use the Robot
• Normal maintenance and repair work usually only require standard tools. Some
repairs, however, require specific tools. These repairs, and the type of tool required,
are described in more detail in the chapter Repairs.
• The power supply must always be switched off whenever work is carried out in the
controller cabinet. Note that even though the power is switched off, the orangecoloured cables may be live. The reason for this is that these cables are connected to
external equipment and are consequently not affected by the mains switch on the
controller.
• Circuit boards - printed boards and components - must never be handled without
Electro-Static Discharge (ESD) protection in order not to damage them. Use the carry
band located on the inside of the controller door.
All personnel working with the robot system must be very familiar with the safety
regulations outlined in the chapter on Safety. Incorrect operation can damage the
robot or injure someone.
Product Manual
3
Introduction
3 Identification
Identification plates indicating the type of robot and serial number, etc., are located on
the manipulator (see Figure 1) and on the front of the controller (see Figure 2).
The BaseWare O.S diskettes are also marked with serial number (see Figure 3).
Note! The identification plates and label shown in the figures below, only serves as
examples. For exact identification see plates on your robot in question.
ABB Robotics Products AB
S-721 68 Västerås Sweden Made in Sweden
IRB 6400R M99
Type:
Identification plate showing
the IRB 6400R / M99
IRB 6400/2.5-150
Robot version:
XXXXXX
Man. order:
Nom. load
See instructions
Serial. No:
64-15XXX
Date of manufacturing:
1999-XX-XX
Net weight
2,5-150 : 1910 kg
IRB 140(0)
IRB 640
IRB 2400
IRB 4400
IRB 340
IRB 6400R
IRB 840/A
Figure 1 Examples of identification plate and its location on different manipulator types.
4
Product Manual
Introduction
.
ABB Robotics Products AB
S-721 68 Västerås Sweden Made in Sweden
Type:
Robot version:
Voltage: 3 x 400 V
Power:
Man. order:
Re.No:
Serial. No:
Date of manufacturing:
Net weight:
IRB 6400R M99
IRB 6400R/2.5-150
Frequency: 50-60 Hz
7.2 kVA
XXXXXX
RXXXXXXXXXX
64-XXXXX
1998-XX-XX
240 kg
Figure 2 Identification plate on the controller.
64-00000
System Key S4C 3.1
Program No 3 HAB2390-1/03
B o o t d i s k 1 (1)
Property of ABB Västerås/Sweden. All rights reserved. Reproduction,
modification, use or disclosure to third parties without express authority
is strictly forbidden. Copyright 1993. Restricted to be used in the
controller(s) with the serial no as marked on disk.
ABB Robotics Products AB
Figure 3 Example of a label on a BaseWare O.S diskette.
Product Manual
5
Introduction
6
Product Manual
Product Specification IRB 6400R
CONTENTS
Page
1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 3
2 Description ....................................................................................................................... 5
2.1 Structure.................................................................................................................. 5
2.2 Safety/Standards ..................................................................................................... 6
2.3 Operation ................................................................................................................ 7
2.4 Installation .............................................................................................................. 9
2.5 Programming .......................................................................................................... 9
2.6 Automatic Operation .............................................................................................. 11
2.7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting ......................................................................... 12
2.8 Robot Motion.......................................................................................................... 14
2.9 External Axes ......................................................................................................... 16
2.10 Inputs and Outputs................................................................................................ 17
2.11 Communication..................................................................................................... 17
2.12 Spotweld Harness (option) ................................................................................... 18
3 Technical specification .................................................................................................... 19
3.1 Structure.................................................................................................................. 19
3.2 Safety/Standards ..................................................................................................... 21
3.3 Operation ................................................................................................................ 22
3.4 Installation .............................................................................................................. 23
3.5 Programming .......................................................................................................... 35
3.6 Automatic Operation .............................................................................................. 39
3.7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting ......................................................................... 39
3.8 Robot Motion.......................................................................................................... 40
3.9 External Axes ......................................................................................................... 42
3.10 Inputs and Outputs................................................................................................ 43
3.11 Communication..................................................................................................... 47
3.12 Spotweld Harness (option) ................................................................................... 48
4 Specification of Variants and Options........................................................................... 49
5 Accessories ....................................................................................................................... 67
6 Index ................................................................................................................................. 69
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
1
Product Specification IRB 6400R
2
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Introduction
1 Introduction
Thank you for your interest in the IRB 6400R. This manual will give you an overview
of the characteristics and performance of the robot.
IRB 6400R is a 6-axis industrial robot, designed specifically for manufacturing
industries that use flexible robot-based automation. The robot has an open structure
that is specially adapted for flexible use, and can communicate extensively with
external systems.
The IRB 6400R comes in several different versions, with handling capacities of up to
200 kg, a maximum reach of 3 m, floor-mounted manipulators as well as manipulators
for harsh environments.
Extra equipment, such as transformers and valve packages, can be placed on the upper
arm or on the frame of axis 1 (see Chapter 3.4).
The robot can be supplied with an integrated spot welding harness as well as a
mechanical support for externally mounted process solutions.
The robot is equipped with an operating system called BaseWare OS. BaseWare OS
controls every aspect of the robot, like motion control, development and execution of
application programs, communication etc.
The functions in this document are all included in BaseWare OS, if not otherwise
specified. For additional functionality the robot can be equipped with optional software
for application support - spot welding, gluing etc., communication features - network
communication - and advanced functions - multitasking, sensor control etc. For a
complete description of optional software, see the Product Specification RobotWare.
All the features are not described in this document. For a more complete and detailed
description, please see the User’s Guide, RAPID Reference Manual and Product
Manual, or contact your nearest ABB Flexible Automation Centre.
Accessories, such as track motion, motors for external axes, cabling for spot welding
guns, and tool systems with tool exchangers, have been specially adapted for use with
the IRB 6400R (see Chapter 5).
Different robot versions
The IRB 6400R, as mentioned above, is available in several different versions.
The following different robot types are available:
IRB 6400R/2.5-120
IRB 6400R/2.5-150
IRB 6400R/2.5-200
IRB 6400R/2.8-150
IRB 6400R/2.8-200
IRB 6400R/3.0-100
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
3
Introduction
Definition of version designation
IRB 6400R Mounting/ Reach - Handling capacity
Prefix
Mounting
-
Description
Floor-mounted manipulator
Reach
x.x
Indicates the maximum reach at wrist centre (m)
Handling capacity
yyy
Indicates the maximum handling capacity (kg)
How to use this manual
The characteristics of the robot are described in Chapter 2: Description.
The most important technical data is listed in Chapter 3: Technical specification.
Note that the sections in chapters 2 and 3 are related to each other. For example, in
section 2.2 you can find an overview of safety and standards, in section 3.2 you can find
more detailed information.
To make sure that you have ordered a robot with the correct functionality, see
Chapter 4: Specification of Variants and Options.
In Chapter 5 you will find accessories for the robot.
Chapter 6 contains an Index, to make things easier to find.
Other manuals
The User’s Guide is a reference manual with step by step instructions on how to
perform various tasks.
The programming language is described in the RAPID Reference Manual.
The Product Manual describes how to install the robot, as well as maintenance
procedures and troubleshooting.
The Product Specification RobotWare describes the software options.
4
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Description
2 Description
2.1 Structure
The robot is made up of two main parts: a manipulator and a controller.
Axis 3
Axis 4
Axis 5
Axis 2
Axis 6
Axis 1
Figure 1 The IRB 6400R manipulator has 6 axes.
Teach pendant
Mains switch
Operator´s panel
Disk drive
Figure 2 The controller is specifically designed to control robots, which means that optimal
performance and functionality is achieved.
The controller contains the electronics required to control the manipulator, external
axes and peripheral equipment.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
5
Description
2.2 Safety/Standards
The robot complies fully with the health and safety standards specified in the EEC’s
Machinery Directives. For other safety standards, see chapter 3.2 on page 21.
The robot is designed with absolute safety in mind. It has a dedicated safety system
based on a two-channel circuit which is monitored continuously. If any component
fails, the electrical power supplied to the motors shuts off and the brakes engage.
Safety category 3
Malfunction of a single component, such as a sticking relay, will be detected at the next
MOTOR OFF/MOTOR ON operation. MOTOR ON is then prevented and the faulty
section is indicated. This complies with category 3 of EN 954-1, Safety of machinery safety related parts of control systems - Part 1.
Selecting the operating mode
The robot can be operated either manually or automatically. In manual mode, the robot
can only be operated via the teach pendant, i.e. not by any external equipment.
Reduced speed
In manual mode, the speed is limited to a maximum of 250 mm/s (600 inch/min.).
The speed limitation applies not only to the TCP (Tool Centre point), but to all parts of
the robot. It is also possible to monitor the speed of equipment mounted on the robot.
Three position enabling device
The enabling device on the teach pendant must be used to move the robot when in
manual mode. The enabling device consists of a switch with three positions, meaning
that all robot movements stop when either the enabling device is pushed fully in, or
when it is released completely. This makes the robot safer to operate.
Safe manual movement
The robot is moved using a joystick instead of the operator having to look at the teach
pendant to find the right key.
Over-speed protection
The speed of the robot is monitored by two independent computers.
Emergency stop
There is one emergency stop push button on the controller and another on the teach
pendant. Additional emergency stop buttons can be connected to the robot’s safety
chain circuit.
Safeguarded space stop
The robot has a number of electrical inputs which can be used to connect external safety
equipment, such as safety gates and light curtains. This allows the robot’s safety
functions to be activated both by peripheral equipment and by the robot itself.
Delayed safeguarded space stop
A delayed stop gives a smooth stop. The robot stops in the same way as at a normal
program stop with no deviation from the programmed path. After approx. 1 second the
power supplied to the motors shuts off.
Collision detection
In case an unexpected mechanical disturbance like a collision, electrode stik etc
appears, the robot will stop and slightly back off from its stop position.
6
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Description
Restricting the working space
The movement of each axis can be restricted using software limits. Axes 1-3 can also
be restricted by means of mechanical stops.
Hold-to-run control
“Hold-to-run” means that you must depress the start button in order to move the robot. When
the button is released the robot will stop. The hold-to-run function makes program testing
safer.
Fire safety
Both the manipulator and control system comply with UL’s (Underwriters Laboratory)
tough requirements for fire safety.
Safety lamp
As an option, the robot can be equipped with a safety lamp mounted on the manipulator. This is activated when the motors are in the MOTORS ON state.
2.3 Operation
All operations and programming can be carried out using the portable teach pendant
(see Figure 3) and the operator’s panel (see Figure 5).
Display
1
2
P1
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
3
Joystick
0
P2
P3
Emergency
stop button
Figure 3 The teach pendant is equipped with a large display, which displays prompts,
information, error messages and other information in plain English.
Information is presented on a display using windows, pull-down menus, dialogs and
function keys. No previous programming or computer experience is required to learn
how to operate the robot. All operations can be carried out from the teach pendant,
which means that an additional keyboard is not required. All information, including the
complete programming language, is in English or, if preferred, some other major
language. (For a list of languages, see Product Specification RobotWare).
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
7
Description
Menu keys
File
Edit
View
1 Goto ...
Inputs/Outputs
2 Goto Top
3 Goto Bottom
Value
Name
1
0
1
0
1
1
13
di1
di2
grip1
grip2
clamp3B
feeder
progno
I/O list
1
Menu
4(6)
Line indicator
Cursor
0
Function keys
Figure 4 Window for manual operation of input and output signals.
Using the joystick, the robot can be manually jogged (moved). The user determines the
speed of this movement; large deflections of the joystick will move the robot quickly,
smaller deflections will move it more slowly.
The robot supports different user tasks, with dedicated windows for:
- Production
- Programming
- System setup
- Service and installation
Operator’s panel
Motors On button
Operating mode selector
and indicating lamp
Emergency stop
Duty time counter
Figure 5 The operating mode is selected using the operator’s panel on the controller.
8
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Description
Using a key switch, the robot can be locked in two or three different operating modes
depending on chosen mode selector:
100%
• Automatic mode:
Running production
• Manual mode at reduced speed:
Programming and setup
Max. speed: 250 mm/s (600 inches/min.)
• Manual mode at full speed (option):
Equipped with this mode, the robot is
not approved according to ANSI/UL
Testing at full program speed
Both the operator’s panel and the teach pendant can be mounted externally, i.e. outside
the cabinet. The robot can then be controlled from there.
The robot can be remotely controlled from a computer, PLC or from a customer’s
panel, using serial communication or digital system signals.
For more information on how to operate the robot, see the User’s Guide.
2.4 Installation
The robot has a standard configuration and can be operated immediately after
installation. Its configuration is displayed in plain language and can easily be changed
using the teach pendant. The configuration can be stored on a diskette and/or
transferred to other robots that have the same characteristics.
All the versions of IRB 6400R are designed for floor mounting. Depending on the
robot version an end effector of max. weight 100 to 200 kg, including payload, can be
mounted on the mounting flange (axis 6). Load diagram, see chapter 3.4.
Extra loads (valve packages, transformers) can be mounted on the upper arm. On all
versions an extra load can also be mounted on the frame of axis 1. Holes for extra
equipment are described in chapter 3.4.
The working range of axes 1-3 can be limited by mechanical stops. Position switches
can be supplied on axes 1-3 for position indication of the manipulator.
2.5 Programming
Programming the robot involves choosing instructions and arguments from lists of
appropriate alternatives. Users do not need to remember the format of instructions,
since they are prompted in plain English. “See and pick” is used instead of “remember
and type”.
The programming environment can be easily customized using the teach pendant.
- Shop floor language can be used to name programs, signals, counters, etc.
- New instructions can be easily written.
- The most common instructions can be collected in easy-to-use pick lists.
- Positions, registers, tool data, or other data, can be created.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
9
Description
Programs, parts of programs and any modifications can be tested immediately without
having to translate (compile) the program.
The program is stored as a normal PC text file, which means that it can be edited using
a standard PC.
Movements
A sequence of movements is programmed as a number of partial movements between
the positions to which you want the robot to move.
The end position of a movement is selected either by manually jogging the robot to the
desired position with the joystick, or by referring to a previously defined position.
The exact position can be defined (see Figure 6) as:
- a stop point, i.e. the gantry robot reaches the programmed position
or
- a fly-by point, i.e. the robot passes close to the programmed position. The size
of the deviation is defined independently for the TCP, the tool orientation and
the external axes.
Stop point
Fly-by point
User-definable distance (in mm)
Figure 6 The fly-by point reduces the cycle time since the robot does not have to stop at
the programmed point. The path is speed independent.
The velocity may be specified in the following units:
- mm/s
- seconds (time it takes to reach the next programmed position)
- degrees/s (for reorientation of the tool or for rotation of an external axis)
Program management
For convenience, the programs can be named and stored in different directories.
Areas of the robot’s program memory can also be used for program storage. This
provides fast memory for program storage. These can then be automatically
downloaded using a program instruction. The complete program or parts of programs
can be transferred to/from a diskette.
Programs can be printed on a printer connected to the robot, or transferred to a PC
where they can be edited or printed later.
10
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Description
Editing programs
Programs can be edited using standard editing commands, i.e. “cut-and-paste”, copy,
delete, find and change, undo etc. Individual arguments in an instruction can also be
edited using these commands.
No reprogramming is necessary when processing left-hand and right-hand parts, since
the program can be mirrored in any plane.
A robot position can easily be changed either by
- jogging the robot with the joystick to a new position and then pressing the
“ModPos” key (this registers the new position)
or by
- entering or modifying numeric values.
To prevent unauthorised personnel from making program changes, passwords can be
used.
Testing programs
Several helpful functions can be used when testing programs. For example, it is
possible to
- start from any instruction
- execute an incomplete program
- run a single cycle
- execute forward/backward step-by-step
- simulate wait conditions
- temporarily reduce the speed
- change a position
- tune (displace) a position during program execution.
For more information, see the User’s Guide and RAPID Reference Manual.
2.6 Automatic Operation
A dedicated production window with commands and information required by the
operator is automatically displayed during automatic operation.
The operation procedure can be customised to suit the robot installation by means of
user-defined operating dialogs.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
11
Description
Select program to run:
Front A Front B Front C
Other
SERVICE
Figure 7 The operator dialogs can be easily customised.
A special input can be set to order the robot to go to a service position. After service,
the robot is ordered to return to the programmed path and continue program execution.
You can also create special routines that will be automatically executed when the power
is switched on, at program start and on other occasions. This allows you to customise
each installation and to make sure that the robot is started up in a controlled way.
The robot is equipped with absolute measurement, making it possible to operate the
robot directly when the power is switched on. For your convenience, the robot saves
the used path, program data and configuration parameters so that the program can be
easily restarted from where you left off. Digital outputs are also set automatically to the
value prior to the power failure.
2.7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The robot requires only a minimum of maintenance during operation. It has been
designed to make it as easy to service as possible:
- The controller is enclosed, which means that the electronic circuitry is protected
when operating in a normal workshop environment.
- Maintenance-free AC motors are used.
- Liquid grease or oil is used for the gear boxes.
- The cabling is routed for longevity, and in the unlikely event of a failure, its
modular design makes it easy to change.
- It has a program memory “battery low” alarm.
The robot has several functions to provide efficient diagnostics and error reports:
- It performs a self-test when power on is set.
- Errors are indicated by a message displayed in plain language.
The message includes the reason for the fault and suggests recovery action.
- A board error is indicated by a LED on the faulty unit.
12
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Description
- Faults and major events are logged and time-stamped. This makes it possible to
detect error chains and provides the background for any downtime. The log can
be read on the teach pendant display, stored in a file or printed on a printer.
- There are commands and service programs in RAPID to test units and
functions.
Most errors detected by the user program can also be reported to and handled by the
standard error system. Error messages and recovery procedures are displayed in plain
language.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
13
Description
2.8 Robot Motion
Floor-mounting
848
2859
Dimensions apply to
IRB 6400R/ 3.0-100
1229
2999
Figure 8 Working space of IRB 6400R (dimensions in mm).
Motion performance
The QuickMoveTM concept means that a self-optimizing motion control is used.
The robot automatically optimizes the servo parameters to achieve the best possible
performance throughout the cycle - based on load properties, location in working area,
velocity and direction of movement.
- No parameters have to be adjusted to achieve correct path, orientation and
velocity.
- Maximum acceleration is always obtained (acceleration can be reduced, e.g.
when handling fragile parts).
- The number of adjustments that have to be made to achieve the shortest possible
cycle time is minimized.
The TrueMoveTM concept means that the programmed path is followed – regardless of
the speed or operating mode – even after an emergency stop, a safeguarded stop, a
process stop, a program stop or a power failure.
The robot can, in a controlled way, pass through singular points, i.e. points where two
axes coincide.
14
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Description
Coordinate systems
Y
Tool coordinates
Z
Z
Y
X
Tool Centre Point (TCP)
Z
Base coordinates
Z
X
Z
User
coordinates
Y
Object
coordinates
Y
X
X
Y
World coordinates
X
Figure 9 The coordinate systems, used to make jogging and off-line programming easier.
The world coordinate system defines a reference to the floor, which is the starting
point for the other coordinate systems. Using this coordinate system, it is possible to
relate the robot position to a fixed point in the workshop. The world coordinate system
is also very useful when two robots work together or when using a robot carrier.
The base coordinate system is attached to the base mounting surface of the robot.
The tool coordinate system specifies the tool’s centre point and orientation.
The user coordinate system specifies the position of a fixture or workpiece
manipulator.
The object coordinate system specifies how a workpiece is positioned in a fixture or
workpiece manipulator.
The coordinate systems can be programmed by specifying numeric values or jogging
the robot through a number of positions (the tool does not have to be removed).
Each position is specified in object coordinates with respect to the tool’s position and
orientation. This means that even if a tool is changed because it is damaged, the old
program can still be used, unchanged, by making a new definition of the tool.
If a fixture or workpiece is moved, only the user or object coordinate system has to be
redefined.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
15
Description
Stationary TCP
When the robot is holding a work object and working on a stationary tool, it is possible
to define a TCP for that tool. When that tool is active, the programmed path and speed
are related to the work object.
Program execution
The robot can move in any of the following ways:
- Joint motion (all axes move individually and reach
the programmed position at the same time)
- Linear motion (the TCP moves in a linear path)
- Circle motion (the TCP moves in a circular path)
Soft servo - allowing external forces to cause deviation from programmed position can be used as an alternative to mechanical compliance in grippers, where imperfection
in processed objects can occur.
If the location of a workpiece varies from time to time, the robot can find its position
by means of a digital sensor. The robot program can then be modified in order to adjust
the motion to the location of the part.
Jogging
The robot can be manually operated in any one of the following ways:
- Axis-by-axis, i.e. one axis at a time
- Linearly, i.e. the TCP moves in a linear path (relative to one of the coordinate
systems mentioned above)
- Reoriented around the TCP
It is possible to select the step size for incremental jogging. Incremental jogging can be
used to position the robot with high precision, since the robot moves a short distance
each time the joystick is moved.
During manual operation, the current position of the robot and the external axes can be
displayed on the teach pendant.
2.9 External Axes
The robot can control up to six external axes. These axes are programmed and moved
using the teach pendant in the same way as the robot’s axes.
The external axes can be grouped into mechanical units to facilitate, for example,
the handling of robot carriers, workpiece manipulators, etc.
The robot motion can be simultaneously coordinated with for example, a one-axis
linear robot carrier and a rotational external axis.
A mechanical unit can be activated or deactivated to make it safe when, for example,
manually changing a workpiece located on the unit. In order to reduce investment costs,
any axes that do not have to be active at the same time, can share the same drive unit.
16
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Description
2.10 Inputs and Outputs
A distributed I/O system is used, which makes it possible to mount the I/O units either
inside the cabinet or outside the cabinet with a cable connecting the I/O unit to the
cabinet.
A number of different input and output units can be installed:
- Digital inputs and outputs.
- Analog inputs and outputs.
- Remote I/O for Allen-Bradley PLC.
- Interbus-S Slave.
- Profibus DP Slave.
The inputs and outputs can be configured to suit your installation:
- Each signal and unit can be given a name, e.g. gripper, feeder.
- I/O mapping (i.e. a physical connection for each signal).
- Polarity (active high or low).
- Cross connections.
- Up to 16 digital signals can be grouped together and used as if they were a
single signal when, for example, entering a bar code.
Signals can be assigned to special system functions, such as program start, so as to be
able to control the robot from an external panel or PLC.
The robot can work as a PLC by monitoring and controlling I/O signals:
- I/O instructions can be executed concurrent to the robot motion.
- Inputs can be connected to trap routines. (When such an input is set, the
trap routine starts executing. Following this, normal program execution
resumes. In most cases, this will not have any visible effect on the robot motion,
i.e. if a limited number of instructions are executed in the trap routine.)
- Background programs (for monitoring signals, for example) can be
run in parallel with the actual robot program. Requires Multitasking option, see
Product Specification RobotWare.
Manual functions are available to:
- List all the signal values.
- Create your own list of your most important signals.
- Manually change the status of an output signal.
- Print signal information on a printer.
I/O signals can also be routed parallel or serial to connectors on the upper arm of the
robot.
2.11 Communication
The robot can communicate with computers or other equipment via RS232/RS422
serial channels or via Ethernet. However this requires optional software, see Product
Specification RobotWare.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
17
Description
2.12 Spotweld Harness (option)
The robot can be supplied with an integrated spot welding harness as well as a
mechanical support for externally mounted process solutions.
The integrated spotwelding harness is used to supply primary current and cooling water
to the upper arm. Connections at the manipulator base and the upper arm housing.
For more information, see section 3.12 on page 48 and Figure 31 and Figure 32.
18
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
3 Technical specification
Applies to standard and Foundry versions unless otherwise stated.
3.1 Structure
Weight: Manipulator IRB 6400R /2.5-120
IRB 6400R /2.5-150
IRB 6400R /2.5-200
IRB 6400R /2.8-150
IRB 6400R /2.8-200
IRB 6400R /3.0-100
Controller
Volume: Controller
2060 kg
2060 kg
2230 kg
2240 kg
2390 kg
2250 kg
240 kg
950 x 800 x 540 mm
Airborne noise level:
The sound pressure level outside
the working space
< 70 dB (A) Leq (acc. to
Machinery directive 98/37/EEC)
50
800
540
Cabinet extension
Option 124
800
Extended cover
Option 123
500
250
200
950
980 *
Lifting points
for forklift
* Castor wheels
500
Figure 10 View of the controller from the front, from above and from the side (dimensions in mm).
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
19
Technical specification
IRB 6400R /2.5-120, /2.5-150, /2.5-200, /2.8-150, /2.8-200 and /3.0-100
200
765
225
250
400
1175 (/2.5-X)
1520 (/2.8-X)
1725 (/3.0-X)
1050
2240
800
240
780
400
1050
1070
2285 (/2.5-X)
R 530 (/2.5-120, /2.5-150)
R 630 (/2.5-200, /2.8-150, /3.0-100)
R 700 (/2.8-200)
332
Rmax=700
1280
Fork lift device
Figure 11 View of the manipulator from the side, rear and above (dimensions in mm).
20
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
3.2 Safety/Standards
The robot conforms to the following standards:
EN 292-1
Safety of machinery, terminology
EN 292-2
Safety of machinery, technical specifications
EN 954-1
Safety of machinery, safety related parts of control
systems
1
EN 60204
Electrical equipment of industrial machines
IEC 204-1
Electrical equipment of industrial machines
ISO 10218, EN 775
Manipulating industrial robots, safety
ANSI/RIA 15.06/1992
Industrial robots, safety requirements
ISO 9409-1
Manipulating industrial robots, mechanical
interface
ISO 9787
Manipulating industrial robots, coordinate systems
and motions
IEC 529
Degrees of protection provided by enclosures
EN 50081-2
EMC, Generic emission
EN 50082-2
EMC, Generic immunity
ANSI/UL 1740-1996 (option) Standard for Industrial Robots and Robotic
Equipment
CAN/CSA Z 434-94 (option) Industrial Robots and Robot Systems - General
Safety Requirements
Safeguarded space stops via inputs
External safety equipment can be connected to the robot’s two-channel emergency stop
chain in several different ways (see Figure 12).
Operating mode selector
Auto mode
safeguarded space stop
General mode
safeguarded space stop
External emergency stop
Emergency stop
<250 mm/s
100%
Teach pendant
Enabling device
M
~
Note! Manual mode 100% is an option
Figure 12 All safeguarded space stops force the robot’s motors to the MOTORS OFF state.
A time delay can be used on the emergency stops or any safeguarded space stops.
1. There is a deviation from the extra demand for only electromechanical components on emergency stop of
category 0 in paragraph 9.2.5.4. EN 60204-1 accepts one channel circuit without monitoring, instead the
design is made to comply with category 3 according to EN 954-1, where the demand for redundancy is
founded.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
21
Technical specification
3.3 Operation
Hold-to-run
Menu keys
Motion keys
P5
P4
7
4
1
Window
keys
1
2
Display
P1
8
5
2
0
9
6
3
Joystick
Enabling
device
P2
P3
Function keys
Navigation keys
Figure 13 The teach pendant is very easy to use since any functions provided via the function and
menu keys are described in plain language. The remaining keys can perform only one
function each.
Display
16 text lines with 40 characters per line.
Motion keys
Select the type of movement when jogging.
Navigation keys
Move the cursor and enter data.
Menu keys
Display pull-down menus.
Function keys
Select the commands used most often.
Window keys
Display one of the robot’s various windows. These windows control a number of
different functions:
- Jog (manual operation)
- Program, edit and test a program
- Manual input/output management
- File management
- System configuration
- Service and troubleshooting
- Automatic operation
User-defined keys (P1-P5)
Five user-defined keys that can be configured to set or reset an output (e.g. open/close
gripper) or to activate a system input (see chapter 3.10).
22
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
3.4 Installation
Operating requirements
Protection standards
Standard
IEC529
Manipulator
Wrist
Controller
IP54
IP55
IP54
Explosive environments
The robot must not be located or operated in an explosive environment.
Ambient temperature
Manipulator during operation
Controller during operation
Complete robot during transportation and storage,
for short periods (not exceeding 24 hours)
+5oC (41oF) to +50oC (122oF)
+5oC (41oF) to +52oC (125oF)
-25oC (13oF) to +55oC (131oF)
up to +70oC (158oF)
Relative humidity
Complete robot during transportation and storage Max. 95% at constant temperature
Complete robot during operation
Max. 95% at constant temperature
Power supply
Mains voltage
200-600 V, 3p (3p + N for certain
options, +10%,-15%
Mains frequency
48.5 to 61.8 Hz
Rated power:
IRB 6400R
External axes drives in separate cabinet
7.8 kVA (transformer size)
7.2 kVA (transformer size)
Absolute measurement backup
1000 h (rechargeable battery)
Configuration
The robot is very flexible and can, by using the teach pendant, easily be configured to suit
the needs of each user:
Authorisation
Most common I/O
Instruction pick list
Instruction builder
Operator dialogs
Language
Date and time
Power on sequence
EM stop sequence
Main start sequence
Program start sequence
Password protection for configuration and program
window
User-defined lists of I/O signals
User-defined set of instructions
User-defined instructions
Customised operator dialogs
All text on the teach pendant can be displayed in
several languages
Calendar support
Action taken when the power is switched on
Action taken at an emergency stop
Action taken when the program is
starting from the beginning
Action taken at program start
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
23
Technical specification
Program stop sequence
Change program sequence
Working space
External axes
Brake delay time
I/O signal
Serial communication
Action taken at program stop
Action taken when a new program is loaded
Working space limitations
Number, type, common drive unit, mechanical units
Time before brakes are engaged
Logical names of boards and signals, I/O mapping,
cross connections, polarity, scaling, default value at
start up, interrupts, group I/O
Configuration
For a detailed description of the installation procedure, see the Product Manual Installation and Commissioning.
24
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
Mounting the manipulator
Maximum load in relation to the base coordinate system.
Endurance load
in operation
Force xy
Force z
Max. load at
emergency stop
±14000 N
22000 ±8000 N
±38000 N
22000 ±19000 N
±34000 Nm
7000 Nm
±61000 Nm
±15000 Nm
Torque xy
Torque z
243.5 (4x)
317.34 (4x)
Y
317.34 (4x)
243.5 (4x)
B
R 4 00
B
Z
X
( 37
∅ 0.4
. 5°)
( 4x
)
A
(1
5°
)
(4
x)
A
∅ 53 (8x)
∅ 28 (8x)
100
15
+0.5
0
+2
0
∅ 45 H9 (4x)
B-B
A-A
Figure 14 Hole configuration (dimensions in mm).
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
25
Technical specification
Load diagrams
Load diagram for IRB 6400R /2.5-120 and /3.0-100
(The curve for 120 kg is not valid for /3.0-100,
max. handling capacity limited to 100 kg).
Z (m)
0.9
30 kg
0.8
0.7
45 kg
0.6
60 kg
0.5
0.4
75 kg
100 kg
120 kg
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
L (m)
The load diagram is valid for J0 <100 kgm2.
J0 = the maximum component (JX0, JY0, JZ0) of the moment of
inertia of the handling weight at its centre of gravity.
Figure 15 Maximum weight permitted for load mounted on the mounting flange at different positions
(centre of gravity).
26
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
Load diagram for IRB 6400R /2.5-150 and /2.8-150
Z (m)
0.9
0.8
0.7
75 kg
0.6
100 kg
0.5
0.4
125 kg
150 kg
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
L (m)
The load diagram is valid for J0 <100 kgm2.
J0 = the maximum component (JX0, JY0, JZ0) of the moment of inertia
of the handling weight at its centre of gravity.
Figure 16 Maximum weight permitted for load mounted on the mounting flange at different positions
(centre of gravity).
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
27
Technical specification
Load diagram for IRB 6400R /2.5-200 and /2.8-200
Z (m)
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
100 kg
125 kg
0.5
150 kg
175 kg
0.4
200 kg
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
L (m)
The load diagram is valid for J0 <100 kgm2.
J0 = the maximum component (JX0, JY0, JZ0) of the moment of inertia
of the handling weight at its centre of gravity.
Figure 17 Maximum weight permitted for load mounted on the mounting flange at different positions
(centre of gravity).
28
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
Handling capacity for IRB 6400R /2.8-150 in press-tending application
Note! Option 090, Cooling for axis 1 motor, must be installed.
The weight and dimensions of the part and gripper are limited by the maximum static
torque and moment of inertia.
Wrist
Press
Press
Part
Part
Movement mainly with axes 1 and 6
Figure 18 A-movement (inward movement).
Wrist
Press
Press
Part
Part
Movement mainly with axes 1, 2, 3 and 4
Figure 19 B-movement.
Static torque:
A-movement
B-movement
Axis 5 Ma5 < 650 Nm
Axis 4 Mb4 < 650 Nm
Moment of inertia:
A-movement
Axis 5, Ja5 < 105 kgm2
Axis 6, Ja6 < 120 kgm2
Axis 4, Jb4 < 105 kgm2
Axis 5, Jb5 < 120 kgm2
B-movement
Approximations of M and J can be calculated using the following formula:
Ma5 = 9.81 • (mg • r + mp • s)
(Nm)
Mb4 = 9.81 • (mg • (r + 0.2) + mp • (s + 0.2))
(Nm)
2
2
2
2
Ja5 = mg / 12 • c + mg • r + mp / 12 • a + mp • s
(kgm2)
Ja6 = mg / 12 • c2 + mg • r2 + mp / 12 • (a2 + b2) + mp • s2
(kgm2)
Jb4 = mg / 12 • c2 + mg • (r + 0.2)2 + mp / 12 • a2 + mp • (s + 0.2)2
(kgm2)
Jb5 = mg / 12 • c2 + mg • (r + 0.2)2 + mp / 12 • (a2 + b2) + mp • (s + 0.2)2
(kgm2)
mg = weight of gripper (kg)
mp = weight of part (kg)
Distances a, b, c, r and s (m) are shown in Figure 20.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
29
Technical specification
Gripper
mg
mp
r
Part
s
A-movement, gripper perpendicular to axis 6
Gripper
r
mg
s
Part
mp
B-movement, gripper parallel to axis 6
TCP 0
Gripper
Part
c
a
b
Dimensions of gripper and part
Figure 20 Distances r and s (m).
30
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
Mounting equipment
Extra loads can be mounted on the upper arm and the frame. Definitions of distances
and masses are shown in Figure 21 and Figure 22.
The robot is supplied with holes for mounting extra equipment (see Figure 23).
Upper arm - Balancing unit type A
IRB 6400R /2.5-120, /2.5-150, /2.5-200, /2.8-150 and /2.8-200
Permitted extra load on upper arm plus the maximum handling weight
(See Figure 21):
M1 ≤50 kg with distance a ≤500 mm, centre of gravity in axis 3 extension
or
M2 ≤50 kg with distance b ≤400 mm
or
M3 ≤15 kg with distance c ≥300 mm
If the handling weight is lower than the maximum weight, M1 alt. M2 can
be increased as follows:
(M1 alt. M2 + handling weight) ≤ (50 kg + max. handling weight).
For example, if the handling weight for 2.5-150 is only 120 kg, M2 can be
80 kg.
IRB 6400R /3.0-100
Permitted extra load on upper arm (See Figure 21):
M1 ≤50 kg with distance a ≤500 mm, centre of gravity in axis 3 extension
or
M2 ≤20 kg with distance b ≤400 mm
or
M3 ≤5 kg with distance c ≥300 mm
Upper arm - Balancing unit type B
IRB 6400R /2.5-120, /2.5-150, /2.5-200 and /2.8-150
Permitted extra load on upper arm plus the maximum handling weight
(See Figure 21):
M1 ≤70-155 kg with distance a ≤ 500 mm, centre of gravity in axis 3
extension, see Note 1.
or
M2 ≤50 kg with distance b ≤400 mm, see Note 1.
or
M3 ≤15 kg with distance c ≥300 mm, see Note 1.
If the handling weight is lower than the maximum weight, M1 alt. M2 can
be increased as follows:
(M1 + handling weight) ≤ (155 kg + max. handling weight).
(M2 + handling weight) ≤ (50 kg + max. handling weight).
For example, if the handling weight for 2.5-150 is only 120 kg, M2 can be
80 kg.
Note 1. Handling weight + extra load on upper arm must always be >70kg
/
M1
b
M2
a
M3
c
Mass
centre
M1
Figure 21 Permitted extra load on upper arm.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
31
Technical specification
Frame (Hip Load)
Permitted extra load on frame is JH = 120 kgm2.
Recommended position (see Figure 22).
JH = JH0 + M4 • R2
where
JH0
R
M4
is the moment of inertia of the equipment
is the radius (m) from the centre of axis 1
is the total mass (kg) of the equipment including
bracket and harness (≤320 kg)
400
R
R
M4
JH0
914
754
View from above
View from the rear
Figure 22 Extra load on frame of IRB 6400R (dimensions in mm).
Mounting of hip load
The extra load can be mounted either on the fork lift device or on the frame. Holes for
mounting see Figure 24.
When mounting on the frame all the six holes (2x3, ∅18 ) on one side must be used.
32
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
A
A
D
E
D
E
M10 (2x) See E-E
M10 (4x)
B
B
C
C
104 for “Hole 1”
93 for “Hole 2”
See E-E
50
690 (/2.5-X)
1035 (/2.8-X)
1240 (/3.0-X)
175
A-A
F
112
282
M10 (2x)
80
M10 (2x)
B-B
F
378
(View F-F, see
Figure 25)
C-C
260
M10 (4x) Depth 20
93
150
75
M10 (2x)
25
“Hole 2”
“Hole 1”
180
D-D
150
E-E
Figure 23 Holes for mounting extra equipment on the upper arm (dimensions in mm).
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
33
Technical specification
572
212
M10 (8x) on both sides
Depth min 20
50
84 100
134
254
∅ 18 (2x3)
on both sides
361
120
65
View from above
Figure 24 Holes for mounting of extra load on the fork lift device and the frame (dimensions in mm).
30o
D=10 H7 Depth 10
8
M10 (6x) Depth 18
D=80 H7
D=160 h7
60o
D=125
F-F
8
Figure 25 The mechanical interface (mounting flange) ISO 9409-1-A125 (dimensions in mm).
As an option there is an electrically insulated tool flange.
For more information see page 54 and Figure 35.
34
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
3.5 Programming
The programming language - RAPID - is a high-level application-oriented programming
language and includes the following functionality:
- hierarchial and modular structure
- functions and procedures
- global or local data and routines
- data typing, including structured and array types
- user defined names on variables, routines, inputs/outputs etc.
- extensive program flow control
- arithmetic and logical expressions
- interrupt handling
- error handling
- user defined instructions
- backward execution handler
The available sets of instructions/functions are given below. A subset of instructions to suit
the needs of a particular installation, or the experience of the programmer, can be installed
in pick lists. New instructions can easily be made by defining macros consisting of a
sequence of standard instructions.
Note that the lists below only cover BaseWare OS. For instructions and functions
associated with optional software, see Product Specification RobotWare.
Miscellaneous
:=
WaitTime
WaitUntil
comment
OpMode
RunMode
Dim
Present
Load
UnLoad
Assigns a value
Waits a given amount of time
Waits until a condition is met
Inserts comments into the program
Reads the current operating mode
Reads the current program execution mode
Gets the size of an array
Tests if an optional parameter is used
Loads a program module during execution
Deletes a program module during execution
To control the program flow
ProcCall
Calls a new procedure
CallByVar
Calls a procedure by a variable
RETURN
Finishes execution of a routine
FOR
Repeats a given number of times
GOTO
Goes to (jumps to) a new instruction
Compact IF
IF a condition is met, THEN execute one instruction
IF
IF a condition is met, THEN execute a sequence of instructions
label
Line name (used together with GOTO)
TEST
Depending on the value of an expression ...
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
35
Technical specification
WHILE
Stop
EXIT
Break
Repeats as long as ...
Stops execution
Stops execution when a restart is not allowed
Stops execution temporarily
Motion settings
AccSet
ConfJ
ConfL
VelSet
GripLoad
SingArea
PDispOn
PDispSet
DefFrame
DefDFrame
EOffsOn
EOffsSet
ORobT
SoftAct
TuneServo
Reduces the acceleration
Controls the robot configuration during joint movement
Monitors the robot configuration during linear movement
Changes the programmed velocity
Defines the payload
Defines the interpolation method used through singular points
Activates program displacement
Activates program displacement by specifying a value
Defines a program displacement automatically
Defines a displacement frame
Activates an offset for an external axis
Activates an offset for an external axis using a value
Removes a program displacement from a position
Activates soft servo for a robot axis
Tunes the servo
Motion
MoveC
MoveJ
MoveL
MoveAbsJ
MoveXDO
SearchC
SearchL
ActUnit
DeactUnit
Offs
RelTool
MirPos
CRobT
CJointT
CPos
CTool
CWObj
StopMove
StartMove
Moves the TCP circularly
Moves the robot by joint movement
Moves the TCP linearly
Moves the robot to an absolute joint position
Moves the robot and set an output in the end position
Searches during circular movement
Searches during linear movement
Activates an external mechanical unit
Deactivates an external mechanical unit
Displaces a position
Displaces a position expressed in the tool coordinate system
Mirrors a position
Reads current robot position (the complete robtarget)
Reads the current joint angles
Reads the current position (pos data)
Reads the current tool data
Reads the current work object data
Stops robot motion
Restarts robot motion
Input and output signals
InvertDO
Inverts the value of a digital output signal
PulseDO
Generates a pulse on a digital output signal
Reset
Sets a digital output signal to 0
Set
Sets a digital output signal to 1
SetAO
Sets the value of an analog output signal
SetDO
Sets the value of a digital output signal after a defined time
SetGO
Sets the value of a group of digital output signals
WaitDI
Waits until a digital input is set
WaitDO
Waits until a digital output is set
AInput
Reads the value of an analog input signal
36
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
DInput
DOutput
GInput
GOutput
TestDI
IODisable
IOEnable
Reads the value of a digital input signal
Reads the value of a digital output signal
Reads the value of a group of digital input signals
Reads the value of a group of digital output signals
Tests if a digital input signal is set
Disables an I/O module
Enables an I/O module
Interrupts
ISignalDI
ISignalDO
ITimer
IDelete
ISleep
IWatch
IDisable
IEnable
CONNECT
Orders interrupts from a digital input signal
Orders interrupts from a digital output signal
Orders a timed interrupt
Cancels an interrupt
Deactivates an interrupt
Activates an interrupt
Disables interrupts
Enables interrupts
Connects an interrupt to a trap routine
Error Recovery
EXIT
RAISE
RETRY
TRYNEXT
RETURN
Terminates program execution
Calls an error handler
Restarts following an error
Skips the instruction that has caused the error
Returns to the routine that called the current routine
Communication
TPErase
TPWrite
TPReadFK
TPReadNum
ErrWrite
Erases text printed on the teach pendant
Writes on the teach pendant
Reads function keys
Reads a number from the teach pendant
Stores an error message in the error log
System & Time
ClkReset
ClkStart
ClkStop
ClkRead
CDate
CTime
GetTime
Resets a clock used for timing
Starts a clock used for timing
Stops a clock used for timing
Reads a clock used for timing
Reads the current date as a string
Reads the current time as a string
Gets the current time as a numeric value
Mathematics
Add
Clear
Decr
Incr
Abs
Sqrt
Exp
Pow
ACos
ASin
ATan/ATan2
Adds a numeric value
Clears the value
Decrements by 1
Increments by 1
Calculates the absolute value
Calculates the square root
Calculates the exponential value with the base “e”
Calculates the exponential value with an arbitrary base
Calculates the arc cosine value
Calculates the arc sine value
Calculates the arc tangent value
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
37
Technical specification
Cos
Sin
Tan
EulerZYX
OrientZYX
PoseInv
PoseMult
PoseVect
Round
Trunc
Calculates the cosine value
Calculates the sine value
Calculates the tangent value
Calculates Euler angles from an orientation
Calculates the orientation from Euler angles
Inverts a pose
Multiplies a pose
Multiplies a pose and a vector
Rounds a numeric value
Truncates a numeric value
Text strings
NumToStr
StrFind
StrLen
StrMap
StrMatch
StrMemb
StrOrder
StrPart
StrToVal
ValToStr
Converts numeric value to string
Searches for a character in a string
Gets the string length
Maps a string
Searches for a pattern in a string
Checks if a character is a member of a set
Checks if strings are ordered
Gets a part of a string
Converts a string to a numeric value
Converts a value to a string
For more information on the programming language, see RAPID Reference Manual.
Memory
Memory size
Instructions1)
Program memory:
Standard
Extended memory 8 MB
2.5 MB2)
6.0 MB2)
7500
18000
Mass storage3):
RAM memory Standard
Extended 8 MB
0.5 MB
4.0 MB
3000
31000
Diskette
1.44 MB
15000
Depending on type of instruction.
2)
Some software options reduce the program memory. See Product
Specification RobotWare.
3)
Requires approx. 3 times less space than in the program memory, i.e. 1 MB
mass memory can store 3 MB of RAPID instructions.
1)
Type of diskette: 3.5” 1.44 MB (HD) MS DOS format.
Programs and all user-defined data are stored in ASCII format.
Memory backup
The RAM memory is backed up by two Lithium batteries. Each battery has a
typical capacity of >12 months power off time. A warning is given at power on
when one of the batteries is empty.
38
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
3.6 Automatic Operation
The following production window commands are available:
- Load/select the program.
- Start the program.
- Execute instruction-by-instruction (forward/backward).
- Reduce the velocity temporarily.
- Display program-controlled comments (which tell the operator what is
happening).
- Displace a position, also during program execution (can be blocked).
3.7 Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The following maintenance is required:
- Changing filter for the transformer/drive unit cooling every year.
- Changing grease and oil every third year.
- Changing batteries every third year.
- Some additional checks every year.
The maintenance intervals depends on the use of the robot. For detailed information on
maintenance procedures, see Maintenance section in the Product Manual.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
39
Technical specification
3.8 Robot Motion
IRB 6400R /2.5-120, /2.5-150, /2.5-200, /2.8-150, /2.8-200 and /3.0-100
Type of motion
Range of movement
Axis 1
Axis 2
Axis 3
Axis 4
Axis 5
Axis 6
+180o
+85o
+110o
+300o
+120o
+300o
Rotation motion
Arm motion
Arm motion
Wrist motion
Bend motion
Turn motion
Z
to
to
to
to
to
to
-180o
-70o
-28o
-300o
-120o
-300o
6
3.0-X
1
2.8-X
2.5-X
ϕ3
+
ϕ2/ϕ3
2
2859
ϕ2
2762
2600
0
+
3
909
X
645
848
305
5
4
1083
1229
2469
2800
2999
Angle 2/3 (ϕ2/ϕ3)
Min. 23o Max. 155o
90o at pos. 0
All dimensions refer to the wrist centre (mm)
Angle ϕ2, ϕ3 (degrees)
Positions at wrist centre (mm)
Pos.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
2.5
-120 -150 -200
x
z
1415
2075
185
1909
415
1445
766
387
1096
-290
2467
701
1804
2389
2.8-150 -200
x
1760
490
760
648
978
2791
2108
z
2075
2071
1463
63
-614
583
2551
3.0-200
x
1965
671
964
578
908
2984
2289
z
2075
2168
1474
-130
-806
513
2647
pos. axis 2 axis 3
(ϕ2) (ϕ3)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
0
-70
-70
43
85
85
37
0
-28
-3
110
110
20
-28
Figure 26 The extreme positions of the robot arm
40
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
Velocity
IRB 6400R versions: 2.5-120
3.0-100
2.5-150
2.5-200
2.8-150
2.8-200
100°/s
90°/s
90°/s
120°/s
120°/s
190°/s
90°/s
70°/s
70°/s
110°/s
110°/s
110°/s
Axis no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
110°/s
100°/s
100°/s
210°/s
150°/s
210°/s
There is a supervision function to prevent overheating in applications with intensive
and frequent movements.
Resolution
Approx. 0.01o on each axis.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
41
Technical specification
3.9 External Axes
An external axis is an AC motor (IRB motor type or similar) controlled via a drive unit
mounted in the robot cabinet or in a separate enclosure. See Specification of Variants
and Options.
Resolver
Connected directly to motor shaft
Transmitter type resolver
Voltage ratio 2:1 (rotor: stator)
5.0 V/4 kHz
Resolver supply
Absolute position is accomplished by battery-backed resolver revolution counters in
the serial measurement board (SMB). The SMB is located close to the motor(s)
according to Figure 27, or inside the cabinet.
For more information on how to install an external axis, see the Product Manual Installation and Commissioning.
When more than one external axis is used, the drive units for external axis 2 and
upwards must be placed in a separate cabinet according to Figure 27.
Not supplied on delivery
SMB
SMB
Measurement System 2
SMB
SMB
alt.
Not supplied
on delivery
Drive System 2 inside
user designed cabinet
(no ABB drives)
Measurement
System 1
SMB
Not supplied on delivery
Figure 27 Outline diagram, external axes.
42
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
3.10 Inputs and Outputs
Types of connection
The following types of connection are available:
- “Screw terminals” on the I/O units
- Serial interface for distributed I/O units
- Air and signal connections to upper arm
- Distributed I/O-connections on upper arm
For more detailed information, see Chapter 4: Specification of Variants and Options.
I/O units
Several I/O units can be used. The following table shows the maximum number of
physical signals that can be used on each unit.
Digital
Type of unit
Analog
Option no.
In
Out
Digital I/O 24 VDC
20x
16
16
Internal/External1
Digital I/O 120 VAC
25x
16
16
Internal/External
Analog I/O
22x
AD Combi I/O
23x
16
16
Relay I/O
26x
16
16
Allen-Bradley
Remote I/O Slave
281
1282
128
Interbus-S Slave
284-285
642
64
Profibus DP Slave
286-287
1282
128
100
100
Simulated I/O3
Encoder interface
unit4
288-289
Voltage
inputs
4
Voltage
output
3
2
Current
output
1
Power supply
Internal
Internal/External1
Internal/External1
30
30
1
1. The digital signals are supplied in groups, each group having 8 inputs or outputs.
2. To calculate the number of logical signals, add 2 status signals for RIO unit and 1 for Interbus-S
and Profibus DP.
3. A non physical I/O unit can be used to form cross connections and logical conditions without
physical wiring. No. of signals are to be configured. Some ProcessWares include SIM unit.
4. Dedicated for conveyor tracking only.
Distributed I/O
The total number of logical signals is 512 (inputs or outputs, group I/O, analog and
digital including field buses)
Max. total no of units*
Max. total cable length
Cable type (not included)
Data rate (fixed)
20 (including SIM units)
100 m
According to DeviceNet specification release 1.2
500 Kbit/s
* Max. four units can be mounted inside the cabinet.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
43
Technical specification
Signal data
Permitted customer 24 V DC load
Digital inputs
24 V DC
max. 6 A
(options 201/203/205)
Optically-isolated
Rated voltage:
24 V DC
Logical voltage levels: “1”
15 to 35 V
“0”
-35 to 5 V
Input current at rated input voltage:
6 mA
Potential difference:
max. 500 V
Time delays:
hardware
5−15 ms
software
≤ 3 ms
Time variations:
± 2 ms
Digital outputs (options 201/203)
24 V DC
Optically-isolated, short-circuit protected, supply polarity protection
Voltage supply
19 to 35 V
Rated voltage
24 V DC
Logical voltage levels: “1”
18 to 34 V
“0”
<7V
Output current:
max. 0.5 A
Potential difference:
max. 500 V
Time delays:
hardware
≤ 1 ms
software
≤ 2 ms
Time variations:
± 2 ms
Relay outputs
Digital inputs
120 V AC
44
(option 205)
Single pole relays with one make contact (normally open)
Rated voltage:
24 V DC, 120 VAC
Voltage range:
19 to 35 V DC
24 to 140 V AC
Output current:
max. 2 A
Potential difference:
max. 500V
Time intervals: hardware (set signal)
typical 13 ms
hardware (reset signal) typical 8 ms
software
≤ 4 ms
(option 204)
Optically isolated
Rated voltage
Input voltage range: “1”
Input voltage range: “0”
Input current (typical):
Time intervals: hardware
software
120 V AC
90 to 140 V AC
0 to 45 V AC
7.5 mA
≤ 20 ms
≤ 4 ms
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
Digital outputs
120 V AC
(option 204)
Optically isolated, voltage spike protection
Rated voltage
120 V AC
Output current:
max. 1A/channel, 12 A
16 channels
or
max. 2A/channel, 10 A
16 channels
(56 A in 20 ms)
min. 30mA
Voltage range:
24 to 140 V AC
Potential difference:
max. 500 V
Off state leakage current:
max. 2mA rms
On state voltage drop:
max. 1.5 V
Time intervals: hardware
≤ 12 ms
software
≤ 4 ms
Analog inputs (option 202)
Voltage Input voltage:
+10 V
Input impedance:
>1 Mohm
Resolution:
0.61 mV (14 bits)
Accuracy:
+0.2% of input signal
Analog outputs (option 202)
Voltage Output voltage:
Load impedance:
Resolution:
Current Output current:
Load impedance:
Resolution:
Accuracy:
min.
min.
+10 V
2 kohm
2.44 mV (12 bits)
4-20 mA
800 ohm
4.88 µA (12 bits)
+0.2% of output signal
Analog outputs (option 203)
Output voltage (galvanically isolated):
Load impedance:
min.
Resolution:
Accuracy:
Potential difference:
Time intervals: hardware
software
0 to +10 V
2 kohm
2.44 mV (12 bits)
±25 mV ±0.5% of output
voltage
max. 500 V
≤ 2.0 ms
≤ 4 ms
Signal connections on robot arm
Signals
Power
Air
10
50 VAC/DC, 250 mA, AWG24
2 + earth 250 VAC, 8A, 1,0 mm2
1
Max. 10 bar, inner hose diameter 13 mm
Canbus signals
Power
2
2
50 VAC/DC, 250 mA, min AWG24
50 VAC/DC, 2A, AWG24
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
45
Technical specification
System signals
Signals can be assigned to special system functions. Several signals can be given the
same functionality.
Digital outputs
Motors on/off
Executes program
Error
Automatic mode
Emergency stop
Restart not possible
Run chain closed
Digital inputs
Motors on/off
Starts program from where it is
Motors on and program start
Starts program from the beginning
Stops program
Stops program when the program cycle is ready
Stops program after current instruction
Executes “trap routine” without affecting status of stopped
regular program1
Loads and starts program from the beginning1
Resets error
Resets emergency stop
System reset
Analog output
TCP speed signal
1. Program can be decided when configuring the robot.
For more information on system signals, see User’s Guide - System Parameters.
46
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Technical specification
3.11 Communication
The robot has two serial channels - one RS232 and one RS422 Full duplex - which
can be used to communicate point to point with printers, terminals, computers and
other equipment (see Figure 28).
Figure 28 Serial point-to-point communication.
The serial channels can be used at speeds of 300 to 19200 bit/s (max. 1 channel with
speed 19200 bit/s).
For high speed and/or network communication, the robot can be equipped with
Ethernet interface (see Figure 29). Transmission rate is 10 Mbit/s.
Figure 29 Serial network communication.
Character-based or binary information can be transferred using RAPID instructions.
This requires the option Advanced functions, see Product Specification RobotWare.
In addition to the physical channels, a Robot Application Protocol (RAP) can be used.
This requires either of the options FactoryWare Interface or RAP Communication, see
Product Specification RobotWare.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
47
Technical specification
3.12 Spotweld Harness (option)
Specification:
Type 25
48
Power
Earth
Water
2 x 25 mm2
1 x 25 mm2
3, max 10 bar, innerhose diameter 13 mm
Max current
(Short-circuit current)
2,5 kA/1s
1,5 kA/3s
Max average current
135 A (at +20oC (68oF) ambient temperature)
100 A (at +50oC (122oF) ambient temperature)
Max voltage
Frequency
600 V
50 - 1000 Hz
Lifetime
4 years of 3-shift (1800000 cycles ±180o)
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
4 Specification of Variants and Options
The different variants and options for the IRB 6400R are described below.
The same numbers are used here as in the Specification form. For software options, see
Product Specification RobotWare.
Note Options marked with * are inconsistent with UL/UR approval.
1 MANIPULATOR
VARIANTS
022
023
024
025
026
027
IRB 6400R/2.5-120
IRB 6400R/2.5-150
IRB 6400R/2.5-200
IRB 6400R/2.8-150
IRB 6400R/2.8-200
IRB 6400R/3.0-100
IRB 6400R/Reach-Handling capacity
Reach:
Handling capacity:
Specifies the max. reach at the wrist centre.
Specifies the max. handling capacity.
Manipulator colour
The manipulator is painted with ABB orange if no colour is specified.
310- Colours according to RAL-codes.
320
Protection
035 Standard
036 Foundry
Robot adapted for foundry environments. Degree of protection as in Chapter 3.4.
The manipulator is specially painted and finished.
039 Extra load upper arm
This option should be chosen if the weight of extra equipment on the upper arm exceeds
50 kg. (The manipulator is then equipped with different balancing cylinders for axis 2).
For more information, see Mounting equipment on page 31.
Not available for options 026, 027.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
49
Specification of Variants and Options
APPLICATION INTERFACE
A hose for compressed air is integrated into the manipulator. There is an inlet at the base,
see Figure 31, and an outlet on the upper arm housing or on the upper arm axis 4, see
Figure 30.
Connection: G 1/2”-14 in the upper arm housing/upper arm and G 1/2”-14 at the base.
For connection of extra equipment on the manipulator, there are cables running parallel
to the manipulator’s cable harness with connectors on the upper arm axis 4 or on the
upper arm housing. The connectors are:
- one Burndy 12-pin UT071412 SHT
- one Burndy 4-pin UT07104 SHT
- one fieldbus (options 053-055)
041 At upper arm housing
042 At upper arm axis 4
Option 041
Option 042
R2.CAIR
R2.CP
R3.CANBUS
R2.CS
R2.CP
R2.CS
R2.CAIR
R3.CANBUS
Figure 30 Location of customer connections on upper arm / armhouse.
50
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
R1.CP/CS
R1.MP
R1.SW1
R1.WELD
R1.PROC3
R1.SMB
R1.PROC2
R1.SW2/3
R1.PROC1
R1.CAIR
Figure 31 Location of customer connections on base.
Connection of signals
056 Manipulator
The signals are connected directly to the robot base to one heavy duty industrial housing
with three D-sub connector inserts, R1.CP/CS (see Figure 31).
The cables from the manipulator base are not supplied.
057 Cabinet
The signals CP/CS are connected to 12-pole screw terminals, Phoenix MSTB 2.5/12ST-5.08, in the controller (see Figure 41).
The cable between R1.CP/CS and the controller is supplied.
Connectors type
Type of fieldbus connector on the upper arm
053 Canbus R3.CANBUS
5-pin “Mini” style female contact with 7/8-16 UN-2A THD female connection thread.
Rotation Required. Meets ANSI/B93.55M-1981 design and intermateability
requirements.
Connection to cabinet (Cable lengths)
Canbus
660
661
662
663
7m
15m
22m
30m
047 Spotweld Harness
Integrated spotweld harness with primary current (R1.WELD) and water supplies
(R1.PROC1-3). Connected to the upper arm housing, see Figure 32 and to the
manipulator base, see Figure 31.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
51
Specification of Variants and Options
The harness remains within the manipulator’s max. radius envelope for axis 1.
This option is only available if option 041 is chosen.
Connection on the manipulator base: Current; Multi-Contact TSS+2/25
Water; G1/2”-14 outer thread
Connection on the upper arm housing:Current; Multi-Contact TSB+2/25
Water; G1/2”-14 outer thread
This option is not available if option 050 Process media conduit is chosen.
R2.WELD
R2.PROC3
R2.PROC2
R2.PROC1
Upper weld interface
Mounting of the flexible hose when
the fork lift device is present
Figure 32 Mounted Spotweld harness.
050 Process media conduit
An external flexible condiut for supplying process media from the base up to the upper arm
housing. The flexible hose has the diameter of 80/67 mm. The harness remains within the
manipulators max envelope for axis 1 of 530 mm. The flexibel hose is attached to the base,
frame and lower arm. See Figure 33.
The hoses/cables inside the conduit is to be designed by the user. Cable hose clamps in
both ends. The clamps are included.
This option is not available if option 047 Spotweld Harness is chosen.
52
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
3
∅ 19 (3x)
+0,5
∅ 25 -0
120o
+0,5
R 24,5 -0
Cut through
here only
120o
Figure 33 Mounted Process media conduit and cable hose clamp (dimensions in mm).
EQUIPMENT
091 Brake release cover
Protective cover over push-buttons on brake release unit.
Always included for Foundry versions.
090 Cooling for axis 1 motor
Extra cooling of axis 1 motor is recommended in heavy duty application e.g. in press
tending application.
Fan
Figure 34 Location of the fan on the manipulator.
092 Fork lift device
Lifting device on the manipulator for fork-lift handling is mounted at delivery.
Lifting eyes for use with an overhead crane are integrated as standard.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
53
Specification of Variants and Options
691 Safety lamp
A safety lamp with an orange fixed light can be mounted on the manipulator.
The lamp is active in MOTORS ON mode.
The safety lamp is required on a UL/UR approved robot.
058 Dressing
Mounting of extra equipment, e.g. tool system on robot before delivery, ordered from
ABB Flexible Automation/Dpt U.
089 Insulated flange
Electrically insulated tool flange. In case of an electrical fault in the spot welding
equipment mounted on the tool flange, the tool flange withstands dangerous
voltage (100V AC during 60 seconds or 300V AC during 10 seconds) in non water
applications without passing it further to electronics in the robot and controller.
See Figure 35.
30o
D=10 H7 Depth 10
8
M10 (6x) Depth 18
D=80 H7
D=160 h7
60o
D=125
10o
D=10 H7 Depth 10
8
Figure 35 The mechanical interface of the insulated flange (dimensions in mm).
093 Onboard calibration
Onboard calibration is used to make short service stops possible, in order to check on the sync
position or any displacement of the screwed joints in the structure, following a collision, seizure
with a tool, when one of the motors on axes 1-4 is changed, etc.
In connection with major repairs and changing structural components or the wrist, DynaCal must
be used instead.
The equipment comprises four sensors fixed on the manipulator axes 1-4.
A calibration tool is also required, with two sensors for axes 5-6, an I/O connection box with six
sensor cables of length 5 m, and a CANbus cable of length 15 m with a Phoenix connector that
is plugged into X16 in the control cabinet.
This equipment must be ordered separately.
POSITION SWITCHES
Position switches indicating the position of the three main axes. Rails with separate adjustable
cams are attached to the manipulator. The cams, which have to be adapted to the switch function
by the user, can be mounted in any position in the working range for each switch. No machining
operation of the cams is necessary for the adaption, simple hand tools can be used.
54
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
For axis 1 there are three position switch functions available. For axes 2 and 3 one
position switch function each.
Each position switch function consists of two switches mechanically operated by
separate cams. Each switch has one normal open and one normal closed contact. See
the exception for axis 1.
The design and components fulfill the demands to be used as safety switches.
This options may require external safety arrangements, e.g. light curtains, photocells or
contact mats.
The switches can be connected either to the manipulator base (R1.SW1or R1.SW2/3,
see Figure 31), or to the controller. In the controller the signals are connected to screw
terminal XT8 Phoenix MSTB 2.5/12-ST-5.08, see Figure 41.
Switch type Balluff Multiple position switches BNS, according to EN 60947-5-1 and
EN 60947-5-2.
Connection to
075 Manipulator
Connection on the manipulator base with one Burndy 23-pin connector.
076 Cabinet
Connection on the cabinet wall. Position switch cables are included.
Position switches axis 1
069- Three position switch functions are available.
071 Note. With 3 functions the connection of the switch no 5 and 6 is limited to normal
closed as standard.
078
079
080
081
Connection of signals axis 1 (cable lengths)
7m
15m
22m
30m
072 Position switches axis 2
Only available if option 041 or 042 is chosen
073 Position switches axis 3
Only available if options 041 or 042, and 072 are chosen
083
084
085
086
Connection of signals axes 2 and 3 (cable lengths)
7m
15m
22m
30m
WORKING RANGE LIMIT
To increase the safety of the robot, the working range of axes 1, 2 and 3 can be restricted
by extra mechanical stops.
Axis 1
061 Stops which allow the working range to be restricted in increments of 7,5o.
062 Stops which allow the working range to be restricted in increments of 15o .
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
55
Specification of Variants and Options
063 Axis 2
Six stops which allow the working range to be restricted in increments of 15o at both
end positions. Each stop decreases the motion by 15o. The motion of axis 2 can be
decreased by 5x15o from the maximum axis motion.
064 Axis 3
Six stops which allow the working range to be restricted in increments of 15oat both
end positions. Each stop decreases the motion by 15o. The motion of axis 3 can be
decreased by 5x15o from the maximum axis motion.
2 SAFETY STANDARDS
EU - Electromagnetic Compatibility
693 The robot complies with the European Union Directive “Electromagnetic
Compatibility” 89/336/EEC. This option is required by law for end users in the
European Union.
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORY
Option 691 Safety lamp is included on UL and UR robots.
695 UL Listed, certificate on product level.
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. has tested and examined the finished complete
product, i.e. manipulator and controller, and determined that the product fulfils the
stipulated safety standards.
Some options marked with * are inconstistent with UL Listed.
Option 112 Standard cabinet without upper cover can not be UL Listed at delivery, it
may be ordered as UL Recognized.
696 UR Recognized, certificate on component level.
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. has tested and examined the components in the
product, manipulator and controller, and determined that they fulfil the stipulated
safety standards.
3 CONTROL SYSTEM
CABINET
Variant
111 Standard cabinet with upper cover.
Cabinet Height
121 Standard cabinet with upper cover.
122* Standard cabinet without upper cover. To be used when cabinet extension is mounted
on top of the cabinet after delivery.
123* Standard cabinet with 250 mm extension. The height of the cover increases the
available space for external equipment that can be mounted inside the cabinet.
56
124* The extension is mounted on top of the standard cabinet. There is a mounting plate
inside. (See Figure 36).
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
The cabinet extension is opened via a front door and it has no floor. The upper part of
the standard cabinet is therefore accessible.
This option cannot be combined with options 141 or 145.
Shaded area 40x40
(four corners) not available
for mounting
705
730
Figure 36 Mounting plate for mounting of equipment (dimensions in mm)
126 Cabinet on wheels.
OPERATOR’S PANEL
The operator’s panel and teach pendant holder can be installed either
181 Standard, i.e. on the front of the cabinet, or
182 External, i.e. in a separate operator’s unit. (See Figure 37 for required preparation)
All necessary cabling, including flange, connectors, sealing strips, screws, etc., is
supplied.
External enclosure is not supplied.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
57
Specification of Variants and Options
M4 (x4)
M8 (x4)
o
45
196
Required depth 200 mm
193
180 224 240
223
70
62
140
96
Holes for
flange
184
200
Holes for
operator’s panel
External panel enclosure
(not supplied)
Holes for
teach pendant holder
Teach pendant
connection
90
Connection to
the controller
5 (x2)
155
Figure 37 Required preparation of external panel enclosure (all dimensions in mm).
183 External, mounted in a box. (See Figure 38)
M5 (x4) for fastening of box
337
Connection flange
370
Figure 38 Operator’s panel mounted in a box (all dimensions in mm).
58
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
EXTERNAL CABLE LENGTH (for external panel)
185 15 m
186 22 m
187 30 m
DOOR KEYS
461 Standard
462 DIN 3 mm
463 Square outside 7 mm
464 EMKA
OPERATING MODE SELECTOR
193 Standard, 2 modes: manual and automatic
191* Standard, 3 modes: manual, manual full speed and automatic.
COOLING FOR DISK DRIVE
472 Cooling for disk drive
The disk drive normally works well at temperatures up to 40oC (104oF). At higher
temperatures a cooling device for the drive is necessary to ensure good functionality.
The disk drive will not deteriorate at higher temperatures but there will be an increase
in the number of reading/writing problems as the temperature increases.
TEACH PENDANT
601 Teach pendant with back lighting
Teach pendant language:
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
English
Swedish
German
French
Spanish
Portuguese
Danish
Italian
Dutch
Japanese
Czech
Extension cable for the teach pendant:
606 10 m
This can be connected between the controller and the connector on the teach
pendant’s cable.
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
59
Specification of Variants and Options
A maximum of two extension cables may be used; i.e. the total length of cable between
the controller and the teach pendant should not exceed 30 m.
607 2 x 10 m
MAINS VOLTAGE
The robot can be connected to a rated voltage of between 200 V and 600 V,
3-phase and protective earthing. A voltage fluctuation of +10% to -15% is permissible
in each connection.
151-
Voltage
163
200 V
220 V
400 V
440 V
Voltage
400 V
440 V
475 V
500 V
Voltage
475 V
500 V
525 V
600 V
MAINS CONNECTION TYPE
The power is connected either inside the cabinet or to a connector on the cabinet’s lefthand side. The cable is not supplied. If option 133-136 is chosen, the female connector
(cable part) is included.
131 Cable gland for inside connection. Diameter of cable:
11-12 mm.
132* 32 A, 380-415 V, 3p + PE (see Figure 39).
133* 32 A, 380-415 V, 3p + N + PE (see Figure 39).
Figure 39 CEE male connector.
134 Connection via an industrial Harting 6HSB connector in
accordance with DIN 41640.
35 A, 600 V, 6p + PE (see Figure 40).
Figure 40 DIN male connector.
MAINS SWITCH
60
141*
Rotary switch in accordance with the standard in section 3.2 and IEC 337-1,
VDE 0113. Customer fuses for cable protection required.
142
Flange disconnect (20 A) in accordance with the standard in section 3.2. Includes
door interlock. Interrupt capacity 14 kA.
144
Servo disconnector.
This option adds a mechanical switch to the two series connected motors on
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
contactors. The switch is operated by the same type of handle as the rotary
mains switch. The handle can be locked by a padlock, e.g. in an off position.
145
Door interlock. Includes rotary switch.
147
Circuit breaker for rotary switch. A 16 A (transformer 2 and 3) or 25 A
(transformer 1) circuit breaker for short circuit protection of mains cables in the
cabinet. Circuit breaker approved in accordance with IEC 898, VDE 0660.
Interrupt capacity 3 kA.
148
Fuses (3x15 A) for the rotary switch for short circuit protection of mains
cables in the cabinet. Interrupt capacity 50 kA.
I/O INTERFACES
The standard cabinet can be equipped with up to four I/O units. For more details, see
Technical Specification 3.10.
Note The use of I/O units and field buses can be limited because of CPU overload in
the controller during motions.
X1 (SIO1)
Backplane
X2 (SIO2)
X10 (CAN3)
I/O units (x4)
X16 (CAN2)
Panel unit
WARNING
REMOVE JUMPERS BEFORE CONNECTING
ANY EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT
MS NS
EN
ES1 ES2 GS1 GS2 AS1 AS2
X1 - 4
safety signals
X5
X8
X6 CONTROL PANEL
XT58, position switch
XT5, customer signals
XT6, customer power
XT31 (24V supply)
X9 (CAN1)
XT8, position switch
Figure 41 I/O unit and screw terminal locations.
201 Digital 24 VDC I/O: 16 inputs/16 outputs.
202 Analog I/O: 4 inputs/4 outputs.
203 AD Combi I/O: 16 digital inputs/16 digital outputs and 2 analog outputs (0-10V).
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
61
Specification of Variants and Options
204 Digital 120 VAC I/O 16 inputs/16 outputs.
205 Digital I/O with relay outputs: 16 inputs/16 outputs.
Relay outputs to be used when more current or voltage is required from the digital
outputs. The inputs are not separated by relays.
Connection of I/O
251 Internal connection (options 201-204, 221-224, 231-234, 251-254, 261-264)
The signals are connected directly to screw terminals on the I/O units in the upper part
of the cabinet (see Figure 41).
252 External connection
The signals are connected via 64-pole standard industrial connector in accordance
with DIN 43652. The connector is located on the left-hand side of the controller.
Corresponding customer part is included.
SAFETY SIGNALS
206 Internal connection
The signals are connected directly to screw terminals in the upper part of the cabinet
(see Figure 41).
207 External connection
The signals are connected via 64-pole standard industrial connector in accordance
with DIN 43652. The connector is located on the left-hand side of the controller.
Corresponding customer part is included.
FIELD BUSES, SLAVE
For more details, see Technical Specification 3.10.
241 Allen-Bradley Remote I/O
Up to 128 digital inputs and outputs, in groups of 32, can be transferred serially to a
PLC equipped with an Allen Bradley 1771 RIO node adapter. The unit reduces the
number of I/O units that can be mounted in cabinet by one. The field bus cables are
connected directly to the A-B RIO unit in the upper part of the cabinet (see Figure 41).
Connectors Phoenix MSTB 2.5/xx-ST-5.08 or equivalent are included.
242 Interbus-S Slave
Up to 64 digital inputs and 64 digital outputs can be transferred serially to a PLC
equipped with an InterBus-S interface. The unit reduces the number of I/O units that
can be mounted in the cabinet by one. The signals are connected directly to the
InterBus-S slave unit (two 9-pole D-sub) in the upper part of the cabinet.
243 Profibus DP Slave
Up to 128 digital inputs and 128 digital outputs can be transferred serially to a PLC
equipped with a Profibus DP interface. The unit reduces the number of I/O units that
can be mounted in the cabinet by one. The signals are connected directly to the
Profibus DP slave unit (one 9-pole D-sub) in the upper part of the cabinet.
244 Encoder interface unit for conveyor tracking
Conveyor Tracking, or Line Tracking, is the function whereby the robot follows a
work object which is mounted on a moving conveyor. The encoder and
62
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
synchronization switch cables are connected directly to the encoder unit in the upper
part of the cabinet (see Figure 41). Screw connector is included. For more information
see Product Specification RobotWare.
245 DeviceNet
Connection on the left side to a 5-pole connector in accordance with ANSI.
NETWORK
As standard, the robot is equipped with one RS232 (SIO 1) and one RS422 (SIO 2)
connector inside the cabinet. The signals are connected to 9-pole D-sub connectors on
the backplane. See Figure 28 and Figure 41.
292 Ethernet (see Figure 29). Connectors: RJ45 and AUI on the board front.
EXTERNAL I/O UNITS
I/O units can be delivered separately. The units can then be mounted outside the cabinet
or in the cabinet extension. These are connected in a chain to a connector
(CAN 3 or CAN 2, see Figure 41) in the upper part of the cabinet. Connectors to the
I/O units and a connector to the cabinet (Phoenix MSTB 2.5/xx-ST-5.08), but no
cabling, is included. Measures according to Figure 42 and Figure 43.
For more details, see Technical Specification 3.10.
221 Digital I/O 24 V DC: 16 inputs/16 outputs.
222 Analog I/O.
223 AD Combi I/O: 16 digital inputs/16 digital outputs and 2 analog outputs (0-10V).
224 Digital I/O 120 V AC: 16 inputs/16 outputs.
225 Digital I/O with relay outputs: 16 inputs/16 outputs.
EXTERNAL FIELD BUSES
231 Allen Bradley Remote I/O
232 Interbus-S Slave
233 Profibus DP Slave
234 Encoder interface unit for conveyor tracking
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
63
Specification of Variants and Options
EN 50022 mounting rail
195
203
49
Figure 42 Dimensions for units 221-225.
EN 50022 mounting rail
170
49
115
Figure 43 Dimension for units 231-234.
EXTERNAL AXES IN ROBOT CABINET
It is possible to equip the controller with drives for external axes. The motors are
connected to a standard industrial 64-pin female connector, in accordance with DIN
43652, on the left-hand side of the cabinet. (Male connector is also supplied.)
391 Drive unit C
The drive unit is part of the DC-link. Recommended motor type see Figure 44.
397 Drive unit U
The drive unit is part of the DC-link. Recommended motor types see Figure 44.
EXTERNAL AXES MEASUREMENT BOARD
The resolver can either be connected to a serial measurement board outside the
controller, or to a measurement board inside the cabinet.
64
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Specification of Variants and Options
386 Serial measurement board inside cabinet
Signal interface to external axes with absolute position at power on. The board is
located in the cabinet and occupies one I/O unit slot. The resolvers are connected to a
standard industrial 64-pin connector in accordance with DIN 43652, on the left-hand
side of the cabinet.
387 Serial measurement board as separate unit
370 EXTERNAL AXES DRIVES - SEPARATE CABINET
If more external axes than in option 390 are to be used, an external cabinet can be
supplied. The external cabinet is connected to one Harting connector (cable length 7
m) on the left-hand side of the robot controller.
Door interlock, mains connection, mains voltage and mains filter according to the
robot controller. One transformer and one mains switch are included.
371/372
Drive unit GT, for 4 or 6 motors. Recommended motor types see Figure 44.
373
Drive unit ECB, for 3 or 6 motors. Recommended motor types see Figure 44.
374
Drive unit GT + ECB
375
Drive unit GT + GT + ECB
Drive unit data
Max current
Rated current
Motor type1
U
11 - 55A rms
24A rms
M, L
G
6 - 30A rms
16A rms
S, M, L
T
7,5 - 37A rms
20A rms
S, M, L
E
4 - 19A rms
8,4A rms
C
2,5 - 11A rms
5A rms
B
1,5 - 7A rms
4A rms
1. Motors from ABB Flexible Automation/System Products.
Types: S=small (TN=1,7 Nm), M=medium (TN=5 Nm), L=large
(TN=12 Nm)
Figure 44 Motor selecting table.
MANIPULATOR CABLE
The cables are available in the following lengths:
641- 7m
646 15 m
22 m
30 m
7 m, metal braided
15 m, metal braided
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
65
Specification of Variants and Options
SERVICE OUTLET
Any of the following standard outlets with protective earthing can be chosen for
maintenance purposes.
The maximum load permitted is 500 VA (max. 100 W can be installed inside the
cabinet).
421* 230 V mains outlet in accordance with DIN VDE 0620; single socket suitable for
Sweden, Germany and other countries.
422* 230 V in accordance with French standard; single socket.
423* 120 V in accordance with British standard; single socket.
424 120 V in accordance with American standard; single socket, Harvey Hubble.
425* Service outlet according to 421 and a computer connection on the front of the cabinet.
The computer connection is connected to the RS232 serial channel. Cannot be used if
option 142 is chosen.
POWER SUPPLY
431 Connection from the main transformer.
The voltage is switched on/off by the mains switch on the front of the cabinet.
432 Connection before mains switch without transformer.
Note this only applies when the mains voltage is 400 V, three-phase with neutral
connection and a 230 V service socket.
Note! Connection before mains switch is not in compliance with some national
standards, NFPL 79 for example.
433 Connection before mains switch with an additional transformer for line voltages
400-500 V and with a secondary voltage of 115 V or 230 V, 2A.
Note! Connection before mains switch is not in compliance with some national
standards, NFPL 79 for example.
440 Earth fault protection for service outlet.
To increase personal safety, the service outlet can be supplied with an earth fault
protection which trips at 30 mA earth current. The earth fault protection is placed next
to the service outlet (see Figure 41). Voltage range: 110 - 240 V AC.
RAM MEMORY
402 Standard, total memory 8+8 MB
403 Extended memory, total 8+16 MB
66
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Accessories
5 Accessories
There is a range of tools and equipment available, specially designed for the robot.
Software options for robot and PC
For more information, see Product Specification RobotWare
Robot Peripherals
- Track Motion
- Tool System
- Motor Units
- Spot welding system for transformer gun
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
67
Accessories
68
Product Specification IRB 6400R M99/BaseWare OS 3.2
Product Specification RobotWare
CONTENTS
Page
1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 3
2 BaseWare OS ................................................................................................................... 5
2.1 The Rapid Language and Environment .................................................................. 5
2.2 Exception handling ................................................................................................. 6
2.3 Motion Control ....................................................................................................... 7
2.4 Safety ...................................................................................................................... 9
2.5 I/O System .............................................................................................................. 10
3 BaseWare Options ........................................................................................................... 11
3.1 Advanced Functions 3.2 ......................................................................................... 11
3.2 Advanced Motion 3.2 ............................................................................................. 16
3.3 Multitasking............................................................................................................ 19
3.4 FactoryWare Interface 3.2 ...................................................................................... 20
3.5 RAP Communication 3.2........................................................................................ 22
3.6 Ethernet Services 3.2 .............................................................................................. 23
3.7 Profibus DP 3.2....................................................................................................... 24
3.8 Interbus-S 3.2.......................................................................................................... 25
3.9 Load Identification and Collision Detection 3.2 (LidCode)................................... 27
3.10 ScreenViewer 3.2.................................................................................................. 28
3.11 Conveyor Tracking 3.2 ......................................................................................... 30
3.12 I/O Plus 3.2 ........................................................................................................... 31
4 ProcessWare..................................................................................................................... 33
4.1 ArcWare 3.2............................................................................................................ 33
4.2 ArcWare Plus 3.2 .................................................................................................... 36
4.3 SpotWare 3.2........................................................................................................... 37
4.4 SpotWare Plus 3.2................................................................................................... 41
4.5 GlueWare 3.2 .......................................................................................................... 42
4.6 DispenseWare 3.2 ................................................................................................... 44
4.7 PaintWare 3.2.......................................................................................................... 45
4.8 PalletWare............................................................................................................... 47
5 Memory and Documentation ......................................................................................... 51
5.1 Available memory................................................................................................... 51
5.2 Teach Pendant Language ........................................................................................ 52
5.3 Robot Documentation............................................................................................. 52
6 Index ................................................................................................................................. 53
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
2
Product Specification RobotWare
2
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Introduction
1 Introduction
RobotWare is a family of software products from ABB Flexible Automation designed
to make you more productive and lower your cost of owning and operating a robot.
ABB Flexible Automation has invested many man-years into the development of these
products and they represent knowledge and experience based on several thousand
robot installations.
Within the RobotWare family there are three classes of products:
BaseWare OS - This is the operating system of the robot and constitutes the kernel of
the RobotWare family. BaseWare OS provides all the necessary features for
fundamental robot programming and operation. It is an inherent part of the robot but
can be provided separately for upgrading purposes.
BaseWare Options - These products are options that run on top of BaseWare OS of the
robot. They represent functionality for robot users that need additional functionality,
for example run multitasking, transfer information from file to robot, communicate
with a PC, perform advanced motion tasks etc.
ProcessWare - ProcessWare products are designed for specific process applications
like welding, gluing and painting. They are primarily designed to improve the process
result and to simplify installation and programming of applications. These products
also run on top of BaseWare OS.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
3
Introduction
4
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Rapid Language and Environment
2 BaseWare OS
Only a very superficial overview of BaseWare OS is given here. For details, see
references in Robot Documentation.
The properties of BaseWare OS can be split up in five main areas: The Rapid Language
and Environment; Exception handling; Motion Control; Safety; the I/O System.
2.1 The Rapid Language and Environment
The Rapid language is a well balanced combination of simplicity, flexibility and
powerfulness. It contains the following concepts:
- Hierarchical and modular program structure to support structured programming
and reuse.
- Routines can be Functions or Procedures.
- Local or global data and routines.
- Data typing, including structured and array data types.
- User defined names (shop floor language) on variables, routines and I/O.
- Extensive program flow control.
- Arithmetic and logical expressions.
- Interrupt handling.
- Error handling (for exception handling in general, see Exception handling).
- User defined instructions (appear as an inherent part of the system).
- Backward handler (user definition of how a procedure should behave when
stepping backwards).
- Many powerful built-in functions, e.g mathematics and robot specific.
- Unlimited language (no max. number of variables etc., only memory limited).
- Windows based man machine interface with built-in Rapid support (e.g. user
defined pick lists).
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
5
Exception handling
2.2 Exception handling
Many advanced features are available to make fast error recovery possible.
Characteristic is that the error recovery features are easy to adapt to a specific
installation in order to minimise down time. Examples:
- Error Handlers (automatic recovery often possible without stopping production).
- Restart on Path.
- Power failure restart.
- Service routines.
- Error messages: plain text with remedy suggestions, user defined messages.
- Diagnostic tests.
- Event logging.
6
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Motion Control
2.3 Motion Control
TrueMoveTM
Very accurate path and speed, based on advanced dynamic modelling. Speed
independent path. Flexible and intuitive way to specify corner zones (e.g. possibility to
have separate zone sizes for Tool Centre Point (TCP) path and for tool reorientation).
QuickMoveTM
By use of the dynamic model, the robot always and automatically optimises its
performance for the shortest possible cycle time. No need for manual tuning! This is
achieved without compromising the path accuracy.
Coordinate Systems
A very powerful concept of multiple coordinate systems that facilitates jogging,
program adjustment, copying between robots, off-line programming, sensor based
applications, external axes co-ordination etc. Full support for TCP attached to the robot
or fixed in the cell (“Stationary TCP”). Note that also joint coordinate movements
(MoveJ) are recalculated when a coordinate system is adjusted.
Singularity handling
The robot can pass through singular points in a controlled way, i.e. points where two
axes coincide.
Motion Supervision
The behaviour of the motion system is continuously monitored as regards position and
speed level to detect abnormal conditions and quickly stop the robot if something is not
OK. A further monitoring function, Collision Detection, is optional (see option “Load
Identification and Collision Detection”).
External axes
Very flexible possibilities to configure external axes. Includes for instance high
performance coordination with robot movement and shared drive unit for several axes.
Big Inertia
One side effect of the dynamic model concept is that the system can handle very big
load inertias by automatically adapting the performance to a suitable level. For big,
flexible objects it is possible to optimise the servo tuning to minimise load oscillation.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
7
Motion Control
Soft Servo
Any axis (also external) can be switched to soft servo mode, which means that it will
adopt a spring-like behaviour.
8
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Safety
2.4 Safety
Many safety concepts reside in hardware and are not within the scope of this document.
However, some important software contributions will be mentioned:
Reduced Speed
In the reduced speed mode, the controller limits all parts of the robot body, the TCP
and one user defined point (attached to the upper arm) to 250 mm/s (can be set lower).
This limitation also works in joint system motion.
Motion Supervision
See Motion Control.
Authorisation
It is possible to limit the access to certain commands by assigning different passwords
to four different user levels (operator, service, programmer, service & programmer). It
is possible to define the commands available at the different levels.
Limited modpos
It is possible to limit the allowed distance/rotation when modifying positions.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
9
I/O System
2.5 I/O System
Elementary I/O
Robust and fast distributed system built on CAN/DeviceNet with the following
features:
- Named signals and actions with mapping to physical signal (“gripper close”
instead of “set output 1”).
- Flexible cross connections.
- Up to 512 signals available (one signal = single DI or DO, group of DI or DO,
AI or AO).
- Grouping of signals to form integer values.
- Sophisticated error handling.
- Selectable “trust level” (i.e. what action to take when a unit is “lost”).
- Program controlled enabling/disabling of I/O units.
- Scaling of analog signals.
- Filtering.
- Polarity definition.
- Pulsing.
- TCP-proportional analog signal.
- Programmable delays.
- Simulated I/O (for forming cross connections or logical conditions without need
the for physical hardware).
- Accurate coordination with motion.
Serial I/O
XON/XOFF or SLIP.
Memory I/O
RAM disk and floppy disk.
10
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Advanced Functions 3.2
3 BaseWare Options
3.1 Advanced Functions 3.2
Includes functions making the following possible:
- Information transfer via serial channels or files.
- Setting an output at a specific position.
- Executing a routine at a specific position.
- Defining forbidden areas within the robot´s working space.
- Automatic setting of output when the robot is in a user-defined area.
- Robot motion in an error handler or trap routine, e.g. during automatic error
handling.
- Cross connections with logical conditions.
- Interrupts from analog input or output signals.
Transferring information via serial channels
Data in the form of character strings, numeric values or binary information can be
transferred between the robot and other peripheral equipment, e.g. a PC, bar code
reader, or another robot. Information is transferred via an RS232 or RS485 serial
channel.
Examples of applications:
- Printout of production statistics on a printer connected to the robot.
- Reading part numbers from a bar code reader with a serial interface.
- Transferring data between the robot and a PC.
The transfer is controlled entirely from the robot’s work program. When it is required
to control the transfer from a PC, use the option RAP Communication or FactoryWare
Interface.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
11
Advanced Functions 3.2
Data transfer via files
Data in the form of character strings, numerical values or binary information can be
written to or read from files on a diskette or other type of mass storage/memory.
Examples of applications:
- Storing production statistics on a diskette or ramdisk. This information can then
be read and processed by an ordinary PC.
- The robot’s production is controlled by a file. This file may have been created
in a PC, stored on a diskette, and read by the robot at a later time.
Fixed position output
The value of an output (digital, analog or a group of digitals) can be ordered to change
at a certain distance before or after a programmed position. The output will then change
at the same place every time, irrespective of the robot’s speed.
Consideration can also be given to time delays in the process equipment. By specifying
this time delay (max. 500 ms), the output is set at the corresponding time before the
robot reaches the specified position.
The distance can also be specified as a certain time before the programmed position.
This time must be within the deceleration time when approaching that position.
Examples of applications:
- Handling press work, to provide a safe signalling system between the robot and
the press, which will reduce cycle times. Just as the robot leaves the press, an
output is set that starts the press.
- Starting and finishing process equipment. When using this function, the start
will always occur at the same position irrespective of the speed. For gluing and
sealing, see GlueWare.
Fixed position procedure call
A procedure call can be carried out when the robot passes the middle of a corner zone.
The position will remain the same, irrespective of the robot’s speed.
Example of application:
- In the press example above, it may be necessary to check a number of logical
conditions before setting the output that starts the press. A procedure which
takes care of the complete press start operation is called at a position just outside
the press.
12
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Advanced Functions 3.2
World Zones
A spherical, cylindrical or cubical volume can be defined within the working space.
When the robot reaches this volume it will either set an output or stop with the error
message “Outside working range”, both during program execution and when the robot
is jogged into this area. The areas, which are defined in the world coordinate system,
can be automatically activated at start-up or activated/deactivated from within the
program.
Examples of applications:
- A volume is defining the home position of the robot.
When the robot is started from a PLC, the PLC will check that the robot is
inside the home volume, i.e. the corresponding output is set.
- The volume is defining where peripheral equipment is located within the working space of the robot.
This ensures that the robot cannot be moved into this volume.
- A robot is working inside a box.
By defining the outside of the box as a forbidden area, the robot cannot run into
the walls of the box.
- Handshaking between two robots both working in the same working space.
When one of the robots enters the common working space, it sets an output and
after that enters only when the corresponding output from the other robot is
reset.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
13
Advanced Functions 3.2
Movements in interrupt routines and error handlers
This function makes it possible to temporarily interrupt a movement which is in
progress and then start a new movement which is independent of the first one. The robot
stores information about the original movement path which allows it to be resumed
later.
Examples of applications:
- Cleaning the welding gun when a welding fault occurs. When a welding fault
occurs, there is normally a jump to the program’s error handler. The welding
movement in progress can be stored and the robot is ordered to the cleaning
position so that the nozzle can be cleaned. The welding process can then be
restarted, with the correct parameters, at the position where the welding fault
occurred. This is all automatic, without any need to call the operator. (This
requires options ArcWare or ArcWare Plus.)
- Via an input, the robot can be ordered to interrupt program execution and go to
a service position, for example. When program execution is later restarted
(manually or automatically) the robot resumes the interrupted movement.
Cross-connections with logical conditions
Logical conditions for digital input and output signals can be defined in the robot’s
system parameters using AND, OR and NOT. Functionality similar to that of a PLC can
be obtained in this way.
Example:
- Output 1 = Input 2 AND Output 5.
- Input 3 = Output 7 OR NOT Output 8.
Examples of applications:
- Program execution to be interrupted when both inputs 3 and 4 become high.
- A register is to be incremented when input 5 is set, but only when output 5=1
and input 3=0.
Interrupts from analog input or output signals
An interrupt can be generated if an analog input (or output) signal falls within or outside
a specified interval.
14
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Advanced Functions 3.2
RAPID instructions and functions included in this option
Open
Close
Write
WriteBin
WriteStrBin
ReadNum
ReadStr
ReadBin
Rewind
WriteAnyBin
ReadAnyBin
ReadStrBin
ClearIOBuff
WZBoxDef
WZCylDef
WZLimSup
WZSphDef
WZDOSet
WZDisable
WZEnable
WZFree
StorePath
RestoPath
TriggC
TriggL
TriggJ
TriggIO
TriggEquip
TriggInt
MoveCSync
MoveLSync
MoveJSync
ISignalAI
ISignalAO
Opens a file or serial channel
Closes a file or serial channel
Writes to a character-based file or serial channel
Writes to a binary file or serial channel
Writes a string to a binary serial channel
Reads a number from a file or serial channel
Reads a string from a file or serial channel
Reads from a binary file or serial channel
Rewind file position
Write data to a binary serial channel or file
Read data from a binary serial channel or file
Read a string from a binary serial channel or file
Clear input buffer of a serial channel
Define a box shaped world zone
Define a cylinder shaped world zone
Activate world zone limit supervision
Define a sphere shaped world zone
Activate world zone to set digital output
Deactivate world zone supervision
Activate world zone supervision
Erase world zone supervision
Stores the path when an interrupt or error occurs
Restores the path after an interrupt/error
Position fix output/interrupt during circular movement
Position fix output/interrupt during linear movement
Position fix output/interrupt during joint movement
Definition of trigger conditions for one output
Definition of trigger conditions for process equipment with
time delay
Definition of trigger conditions for an interrupt
Position fix procedure call during circular movement
Position fix procedure call during linear movement
Position fix procedure call during join movement
Interrupts from analog input signal
Interrupts from analog output signal
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
15
Advanced Motion 3.2
3.2 Advanced Motion 3.2
Contains functions that offer the following possibilities:
- Resetting the work area for an axis.
- Independent movements.
- Contour tracking.
- Coordinated motion with external manipulators.
Resetting the work area for an axis
The current position of a rotating axis can be adjusted a number of complete turns
without having to make any movements.
Examples of applications:
- When polishing, a large work area is sometimes needed on the robot axis 4 or
axis 6 in order to be able to carry out final polishing without stopping. Assume
that the axis has rotated 3 turns, for example. It can now be reset using this function, without having to physically rotate it back again. Obviously this will
reduce cycle times.
- When arc welding, the work object is often fitted to a rotating external axis. If
this axis is rotated more than one turn during welding, the cycle time can be
reduced because it is not necessary to rotate the axis back between welding
cycles.
Coordinated motion with multi-axis manipulators
Coordinated motion with multi-axis manipulators or robot carriers (gantries) requires
the Advanced Motion option. Note that simultaneous coordination with several single
axis manipulators, e.g. track motion and workpiece manipulator, does not require
Advanced Motion.
Note! There is a built-in general method for defining the geometry for a manipulator
comprising two rotating axes (see User’s Guide, Calibration). For other types of
manipulators/robot carriers, comprising up to six linear and/or rotating axes, a special
configuration file is needed. Please contact your nearest ABB Flexible Automation
Centre.
16
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Advanced Motion 3.2
Contour tracking
Path corrections can be made in the path coordinate system. These corrections will take
effect immediately, also during movement between two positions. The path corrections
must be entered from within the program. An interrupt or multitasking is therefore
required to activate the correction during motion.
Example of application:
- A sensor is used to define the robot input for path correction during motion. The
input can be defined via an analog input, a serial channel or similar. Multitasking or interrupts are used to read this information at specific intervals. Based on
the input value, the path can then be adjusted.
Independent movements
A linear or rotating axis can be run independently of the other axes in the robot system.
The independent movement can be programmed as an absolute or relative position. A
continuous movement with a specific speed can also be programmed.
Examples of applications:
- A robot is working with two different stations (external axes). First, a work
object located at station 1 is welded. When this operation is completed, station
1 is moved to a position where it is easy to change the work object and at the
same time the robot welds the work object at station 2. Station 1 is moved independently of the robot’s movement, which simplifies programming and reduces
the cycle time.
- The work object is located on an external axis that rotates continuously at a constant speed. In the mean time, the robot sprays plasma, for example, on the
work object. When this is finished the work area is reset for the external axis in
order to shorten the cycle time.
Friction Compensation
During low speed (10-100 mm/s) cutting of fine profiles, in particular small circles, a
friction effect, typically in the form of approximately 0.5 mm “bumps”, can be noted.
Advanced Motion offers a possibility of compensating for these frictional effects.
Typically a 0.5 mm “bump” can be reduced to about 0.1 mm. This, however, requires
careful tuning of the friction level (see User’s Guide for tuning procedure). Note that
even with careful tuning, there is no guarantee that “perfect” paths can always be
generated.
For the IRB 6400 family of robots, no significant effects can be expected by applying
Friction Compensation.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
17
Advanced Motion 3.2
External Drive System
With Advanced Motion, the possibility to connect off-the-shelf standard drive systems
for controlling external axes is available. This can be of interest, for example, when the
power of the available S4C drives does not match the requirements.
There are two alternatives:
- The Atlas Copco Controls´ stand alone servo amplifier DMC.
- The Atlas Copco Controls´ FBU (Field Bus Unit) that can handle up to three
external drive units per FBU unit.
These can be connected to analog outputs (+/- 10 V) or a field bus.
The drive board can thus be of virtually any make and type.
For further information about DMC and FBU, please contact Atlas Copco Controls.
NOTE! The DMC/FBU must be equipped with Atlas Copco Controls option C.
RAPID instructions and functions included in this option
IndReset
IndAMove
IndDMove
IndRMove
IndCMove
IndInpos
IndSpeed
CorrCon
CorrWrite
CorrRead
CorrDiscon
CorrClear
18
Resetting the work area for an axis
Running an axis independently to an absolute position
Running an axis independently for a specified distance
Running an axis independently to a position within one
revolution, without taking into consideration the number of turns
the axis had rotated earlier
Running an axis continuously in independent mode
Checking whether or not an independent axis has reached the
programmed position
Checking whether or not an independent axis has reached the
programmed speed
Activating path correction
Changing path correction
Read current path correction
Deactivating path correction
Removes all correction generators
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Multitasking 3.2
3.3 Multitasking
Up to 10 programs (tasks) can be executed in parallel with the normal robot program.
- These additional tasks start automatically at power on and will continue until
the robot is powered off, i.e. even when the main process has been stopped and
in manual mode.
- They are programmed using standard RAPID instructions, except for motion
instructions.
- They can be programmed to carry out various activities in manual or automatic
mode, and depending on whether or not the main process is running.
- Communication between tasks is carried out via I/O or global data.
- Priorities can be set between the processes.
Examples of applications:
- The robot is continuously monitoring certain signals even when the robot program has stopped, thus taking over the job traditionally allocated to a PLC.
- An operator dialogue is required at the same time as the robot is doing, for
example, welding. By putting this operator dialogue into a background task, the
operator can specify input data for the next work cycle without having to stop
the robot.
- The robot is controlling a piece of external equipment in parallel with the normal program execution.
Performance
When the various processes are programmed in the correct way, no performance
problems will normally occur:
- When the priorities for the various processes are correctly set, the normal program execution of the robot will not be affected.
- Because monitoring is implemented via interrupts (instead of checking conditions at regular intervals), processor time is required only when something
actually happens.
- All input and output signals are accessible for each process.
Note that the response time of Multitasking does not match that of a PLC. Multitasking
is primary intended for less demanding tasks.
The available program memory can be divided up arbitrarily between the processes.
However, each process in addition to the main process will reduce the total memory,
see section 5.1.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
19
FactoryWare Interface 3.2
3.4 FactoryWare Interface 3.2
This option enables the robot system to communicate with a PC using RobComm 3.0
or later versions (see FactoryWare). The FactoryWare Interface 3.2 serves as a run-time
license for RobComm, i.e. the PC does not require any license protection when
executing a RobComm based application. However, when developing such an
application, a hardware lock and password are needed in the PC (design time license).
Older versions of RobComm will require RAP Communication in the robot and license
protection in the PC (hardware lock and password for design and run-time, or only
password for only run-time).
This option will also work with RobView 3.2/1 or DDE Server 2.3/1 (or later versions).
Older versions work only with RAP Communication. In all cases RobView and DDE
Server will require the hardware lock and password.
The Factory Ware Interface 3.2 includes the Robot Application Protocol (RAP), based
on MMS functionality. The Robot Application Protocol is used for computer
communication. The following functions are supported:
- Start and stop program execution
- Transfer programs to/from the robot
- Transfer system parameters to/from the robot
- Transfer files to/from the robot
- Read the robot status
- Read and write data
- Read and write output signals
- Read input signals
- Read error messages
- Change robot mode
- Read logs
RAP communication is available both for serial links and network, as illustrated by the
figure below.
RAP
RPC (Remote Procedure Call)
TCP/IP
Standard protocols
SLIP
Ethernet
RS232/RS422
20
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
FactoryWare Interface 3.2
Examples of applications:
- Production is controlled from a superior computer. Information about the robot
status is displayed by the computer. Program execution is started and stopped
from the computer, etc.
- Transferring programs and parameters between the robot and a PC. When many
different programs are used in the robot, the computer helps in keeping track of
them and by doing back-ups.
- Programs can be transferred to the robot’s ramdisk at the same time as the robot
executes its normal program. When execution of this program has finished, the
new program can be read very quickly from the ramdisk and program execution
can continue. In this way a large number of programs can be handled and the
robot’s memory does not have to be so big.
RAPID instruction included in this option
SCWrite
Sends a message to the computer (using RAP)
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
21
RAP Communication 3.2
3.5 RAP Communication 3.2
This option is required for all communication with a superior computer, where none of
the FactoryWare products RobComm, RobView, or DDE Server, are used. It includes
the same functionality described for the option Factory Ware Interface 3.2.
It also works for the FactoryWare products. For RobView and DDE Server, there is no
difference from the FactoryWare Interface (except that the price is higher). For
RobComm, in this case a license protection requirement in the PC is added.
Note that both FactoryWare Interface and RAP Communication can be installed
simultaneously.
22
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Ethernet Services 3.2
3.6 Ethernet Services 3.2
NFS 3.2
Information in mass storage, e.g. the hard disk in a PC, can be read directly from the
robot using the NFS protocol. The robot control program can also be booted via
Ethernet instead of using diskettes. This requires Ethernet hardware in the robot.
FTP 3.2
This option includes the same functionality as described for Ethernet Services NFS
exept that the protocol used for remote mounted disc functionality is FTP.
The aspect of authorization differs between NFS and FTP.
Examples of applications:
- All programs for the robot are stored in the PC. When a new part is to be produced, i.e. a new program is to be loaded, the program can be read directly from
the hard disk of the PC. This is done by a manual command from the teach pendant or an instruction in the program. If the option RAP Communication or
FactoryWare Interface is used, it can also be done by a command from the PC
(without using the ramdisk as intermediate storage).
- Several robots are connected to a PC via Ethernet. The control program and the
user programs for all the robots are stored on the PC. A software update or a
program backup can easily be executed from the PC.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
23
Profibus DP 3.2
3.7 Profibus DP 3.2
With a Profibus-DP Master/Slave board (DSQC368) in the S4C controller it is
possible to connect many sets of in- and output I/O units via the serial Profibus-DP
field bus net, and all the Profibus-DP signals are handled and addressed in the same
way as any other distributed I/O signal.
The maximum number of I/O units that can be defined in the S4C system is described
in User’s Guide Baseware chapter I/O data specification. As I/O units counts all DPslave units connected to the S4C DP-master, the DP-slave, simulated I/O
units and other I/O units connected to other S4C fieldbuses.
It is possible to connect digital and/or analog in- and output I/O units on the
DSQC368 master bus. All I/O units must fulfil the DIN 19245 Part 3 Profibus
Specification - DP and must be certified by PNO1.
1. Profibus Nutzer Organization
24
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Interbus-S 3.2
3.8 Interbus-S 3.2
With an InterBus-S generation 4 Master/Slave board (DSQC344) in the S4C robot controller, it is possible to connect many sets of input/output modules via the serial InterBus-S field bus net.
The robot controller handles and addresses the InterBus-S I/O signals in the same way
it manages any other S4C distributed I/O signals.
It should be noted that this is a supplementary manual to the other robot manuals.
Detailed description of the InterBus-S and different I/O units will be found in the documents from e.g. Phoenix Contact & Co.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
25
Interbus-S 3.2
26
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Load Identification and Collision Detection 3.2 (LidCode)
3.9 Load Identification and Collision Detection 3.2 (LidCode)
This option is only available for the IRB 6400 family of robots and for external
manipulators IRBP-L and IRBP-K.
LidCode contains two very useful features:
Load Identification
To manually calculate or measure the load parameters accurately can be very difficult
and time consuming. Operating a robot with inaccurate load parameters can have a
detrimental influence on cycle time and path accuracy.
With LidCode, the robot can carry out accurate identification of the complete load data
(mass, centre of gravity, and three inertia components). If applicable, tool load and
payload are handled separately.
The identification procedure consists of limited predefined movements of axes 3, 5 and
6 during approximately three minutes. The starting point of the identification motion
pattern can be chosen by the user so that collisions are avoided.
The accuracy achieved is normally better than 5%.
Collision Detection
Abnormal torque levels on any robot axis (not external axes) are detected and will
cause the robot to stop quickly and thereafter back off to relieve forces between the
robot and environment.
Tuning is normally not required, but the sensitivity can be changed from Rapid or
manually (the supervision can even be switched off completely). This may be
necessary when strong process forces are acting on the robot.
The sensitivity (with default tuning) is comparable to the mechanical alternative
(mechanical clutch) and in most cases much better. In addition, LidCode has the
advantages of no added stick-out and weight, no need for connection to the e-stop
circuit, no wear, the automatic backing off after collision and, finally, the adjustable
tuning.
Two system outputs reflect the activation and the trig status of the function.
RAPID instructions included in this option
MotionSup
ParldRobValid
ParldPosValid
LoadId
MechUnitLoad
Changing the sensitivity of the collision detection or
activating/deactivating the function.
Checking that identification is available for a specific robot
type.
Checking that the current position is OK for identification.
Performing identification.
Defenition of payload for external mechanical units.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
27
ScreenViewer 3.2
3.10 ScreenViewer 3.2
This option adds a user window to display user defined screens with advanced display
functions. The user window can be displayed at any time, regardless of the execution
state of the RAPID programs.
User defined screens
The user defined screens are composed of:
• A fixed background with a size of 12 lines of 40 characters each. These characters
can be ASCII and/or horizontal or vertical strokes (for underlining, separating or
framing).
• 1 to 5 function keys.
• 1 to 4 pop-up menus containing from 1 to 10 choices.
• 1 to 30 display and input fields defined by:
- Their position and size.
- Their type (display, input).
- Their display format (integer, decimal, binary, hexadecimal, text).
- A possible boundary with minimum and maximum limits.
Example of a user defined screen. The ### represent the fields.
SpotTim
Program number: ###
PHASES
SQUEEZE
PREHEAT
COOLING
## HEAT
COLD
LASTCOLD
POSTHEAT
HOLD
Next
28
View
File
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
XT
##
##
##
##
##
##
##
##
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
CURENT (A)
START | END
|
####
|
| ####
####
|
|
|
####
| ####
|
Prev.
(Copy)
Heat stepper: ###
interpolated: ##
|
| Tolerance: ###%
| Force: ###daN
| Forge: ###daN
|
| Fire chck: ###
|
| Err allow: ###%
| Numb err: ###
Valid
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
ScreenViewer 3.2
Advanced Display functions
The user defined screens run independently of the RAPID programs.
Some events occur on a screen (new screen displayed, menu choice selected, function
key pressed, field modified, ...). A list of user screen commands can be associated with
any of these events, then when the event occurs, the command list will be executed.
A screen event can occur
- When a new screen is displayed (to initialize the screen contents).
- After a chosen interval (to refresh a screen).
- When a menu choice or a function key is selected (to execute a specific action,
or change the screen).
- When a new value is entered in a field, or when a new field is selected (to execute some specific action).
The commands that can be executed on screen events are
- Reading/writing RAPID or I/O data.
- Reading/writing fields contents.
- Arithmetical (+, -, /, *, div) or logical (AND, OR, NOT, XOR) operations on
the data read.
- Comparing data read (=, <, >) and carrying out a command or not, depending
on the comparison result.
- Displaying a different screen.
Capacities
The user screens can be grouped in a screen package file under a specific name. Up to
8 packages can be loaded at the same time.
A certain amount of memory (approx. 50 kbytes) is reserved for loading these screen
packages.
- The screen package to be displayed is selected using the far right hand menu
“View” (which shows a list of the screen packages installed).
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
29
Conveyor Tracking 3.2
3.11 Conveyor Tracking 3.2
Conveyor Tracking (also called Line Tracking) is the function whereby the robot
follows a work object which is mounted on a moving conveyor. While tracking the
conveyor, the programmed TCP speed relative to the work object will be maintained,
even when the conveyor speed is changing slowly.
Note that hardware components for measuring the conveyor position are also necessary
for this function. Please refer to the Product Specification for your robot.
Conveyor Tracking provides the following features:
- A conveyor can be defined as either linear or circular.
- It is possible to have two conveyors connected simultaneously and to switch
between tracking the one or the other.
- Up to 254 objects can reside in an object queue which can be manipulated by
RAPID instructions.
- It is possible to define a start window in which an object must be before tracking
can start.
- A maximum tracking distance may be specified.
- If the robot is mounted on a parallel track motion, then the system can be configured such that the track will follow the conveyor and maintain the relative
position to the conveyor.
- Tracking of a conveyor can be activated “on the fly”, i.e. it is not necessary to
stop in a fine point.
Performance
At 150 mm/s constant conveyor speed, the TCP will stay within +/-2 mm of the path as
seen with no conveyor motion. When the robot is stationary relative to the conveyor,
the TCP will remain within 0.7 mm of the intended position.
These values are valid as long as the robot is within its dynamic limits with the added
conveyor motion and they require accurate conveyor calibration.
RAPID instructions included in this option
WaitWObj
DropWObj
30
Connects to a work object in the start window
Disconnects from the current object
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
I/O Plus 3.2
3.12 I/O Plus 3.2
I/O Plus enables the S4C to use non-ABB I/O units. The following units are supported:
- Wago modules with DeviceNet fieldbus coupler, item 750-306 revision 3.
- Lutze IP67 module DIOPLEX-LS-DN 16E 744-215 revision 2
(16 digital input signals).
- Lutze IP67 module DIOPLEX-LS-DN 8E/8A 744-221 revision 1
(8 digital input signals and 8 digital output signals).
For more information on any of these untis, please contact the supplier.
The communication between these units and S4C has been verified (this does not,
however, guarantee the internal functionality and quality of the units). Configuration
data for the units is included.
In I/O Plus there is also support for a so-called “Welder”. This is a project specific spot
welding timer, and is not intended for general use.
In addition to the above units, the I/O Plus option also opens up the possibility to use
other digital I/O units that conform with the DeviceNet specification. ABB Robotics
Products AB does not assume any responsibility for the functionality or quality of such
units. The user must provide the appropriate configuration data.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
31
I/O Plus 3.2
32
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
ArcWare 3.2
4 ProcessWare
4.1 ArcWare 3.2
ArcWare comprises a large number of dedicated arc welding functions, which make the
robot well suited for arc welding. It is a simple yet powerful program since both the
positioning of the robot and the process control and monitoring are handled in one and
the same instruction.
I/O signals, timing sequences and weld error actions can be easily configured to meet
the requirements of a specific installation.
ArcWare functions
A few examples of some useful functions are given below.
Adaptation to different equipment
The robot can handle different types of weld controllers and other welding equipment.
Normally communication with the welding controller uses parallel signals but a serial
interface is also available.
Advanced process control
Voltage, wire feed rate, and other process data can be controlled individually for each
weld or part of a weld. The process data can be changed at the start and finish of a
welding process in such a way that the best process result is achieved.
Testing the program
When testing a program, welding, weaving or weld guiding can all be blocked. This
provides a way of testing the robot program without having the welding equipment
connected.
Automatic weld retry
A function that can be configured to order one or more automatic weld retries after a
process fault.
Weaving
The robot can implement a number of different weaving patterns up to 10 Hz
depending on robot type. These can be used to fill the weld properly and in the best
possible way. Weaving movement can also be ordered at the start of the weld in order
to facilitate the initial striking of the arc.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
33
ArcWare 3.2
Wire burnback and rollback
These are functions used to prevent the welding wire sticking to the work object.
Fine adjustment during program execution
The welding speed, wire feed rate, voltage and weaving can all be adjusted whilst
welding is in progress. This makes trimming of the process much easier because the
result can be seen immediately on the current weld. This can be done in both manual
and automatic mode.
Weld Guiding
Weld guiding can be implemented using a number of different types of sensors. Please
contact your nearest ABB Flexible Automation Centre for more information.
Interface signals
The following process signals are, if installed, handled automatically by ArcWare. The
robot can also support dedicated signals for workpiece manipulators and sensors.
34
Digital outputs
Power on/off
Gas on/off
Wire feed on/off
Wire feed direction
Weld error
Error information
Weld program number
Description
Turns weld on or off
Turns gas on or off
Turns wire feed on or off
Feeds wire forward/backward
Weld error
Digital outputs for error identification
Parallel port for selection of program number, or
3-bit pulse port for selection of program number, or
Serial CAN/Devicenet communication
Digital inputs
Arc OK
Voltage OK
Current OK
Water OK
Gas OK
Wire feed OK
Manual wire feed
Weld inhibit
Weave inhibit
Stop process
Wirestick error
Supervision inhibit
Torch collision
Description
Arc established; starts weld motion
Weld voltage supervision
Weld current supervision
Water supply supervision
Gas supply supervision
Wire supply supervision
Manual command for wire feed
Blocks the welding process
Blocks the weaving process
Stops/inhibits execution of arc welding instructions
Wirestick supervision
Program execution without supervision
Torch collision supervision
Analog outputs
Voltage
Wire feed
Current
Voltage adjustment
Current adjustment
Description
Weld voltage
Velocity of wire feed
Weld current
Voltage synergic line amplification
Current synergic line amplification
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
ArcWare 3.2
Analog inputs (cont.)
Description (cont.)
Voltage
Weld voltage measurement for monitoring and
supervision
Weld current measurement for monitoring and
supervision
Current
RAPID instructions included in this option
ArcL
ArcC
Arc welding with linear movement
Arc welding with circular movement
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
35
ArcWare Plus 3.2
4.2 ArcWare Plus 3.2
ArcWare Plus contains the following functionality:
- ArcWare, see previous chapter.
- Arc data monitoring.
Arc data monitoring with adapted RAPID instructions for process supervision.
The function predicts weld errors.
- Contour tracking.
Path corrections can be made in the path coordinate system. These corrections
will take effect immediately, also during movement between two positions. The
path corrections must be entered from within the program. An interrupt or multitasking is therefore required to activate the correction during motion.
Example of application:
A sensor is used to define the robot input for path correction during motion. The
input can be defined via an analog input, a serial channel or similar. Multitasking or interrupts are used to read this information at specific intervals. Based on
the input value, the path can then be adjusted.
- Adaptive process control.
Adaptive process control for LaserTrak and Serial Weld Guide systems. The
tool provides the robot system with changes in the shape of the seam. These values can be used to adapt the process parameters to the current shape.
RAPID instructions and functions included in this option
ArcKill
ArcRefresh
CorrCon
CorrWrite
CorrRead
CorrDiscon
CorrClear
SpcCon
SpcWrite
SpcDump
SpcRead
SpcDiscon
36
Aborts the process and is intended to be used in error
handlers
Updates the weld references to new values
Activating path correction
Changing path correction
Read current path correction
Deactivating path correction
Removes all correction generators
Activates statistical process supervision
Provides the controller with values for statistical process supervision
Dumps statistical process supervision data to a file or on a
serial channel
Reads statistical process supervision information
Deactivates statistical process supervision
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
SpotWare 3.2
4.3 SpotWare 3.2
SpotWare comprises a large number of dedicated spot welding functions which make
the robot well suited for spot welding. It is a simple yet powerful program since both
the positioning of the robot and the process control and monitoring are handled in one
and the same instruction.
Cycle times can be shortened by means of closing the spot welding gun in advance,
together with the fact that movement can commence immediately after a spot weld is
completed. The robot’s self-optimising motion control, which results in fast
acceleration and a quick approach to the spot weld, also contributes to making cycle
times shorter.
I/O signals, timing sequences and weld error actions can be easily configured to meet
the requirements of a specific installation.
SpotWare functions
A few examples of some useful functions are given below.
Adaptation to different welding guns
Gun control (opening and closing) can be programmed freely to suit most types of
guns, irrespective of the signal interface.
Adaptation to different weld timers
The robot can handle different types of weld timers. Normally communication with the
weld timer uses parallel signals but a serial interface is also available for some types of
weld timers.
Continuous supervision of the welding equipment
If the option Multitasking is added, supervision can be implemented irrespective of the
spotweld instruction. For example, it is possible to monitor peripheral equipment even
when program execution has been stopped.
Closing the gun
It is possible to start closing the spot welding gun before reaching the programmed
point. By defining a time of closure, the gun can be closed correctly regardless of the
speed of the robot. The cycle time is optimised when the gun is just about to close at
the instant when the robot reaches the programmed point.
Constant squeeze time
Welding can be started directly as the gun closes, i.e. without waiting for the robot to
reach its final position. This gives a constant time between gun closure and weld start.
Customised Move enable
The movement after a completed spot weld can be configured to start either on a user
defined input signal or a delay time after weld ready.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
37
SpotWare 3.2
Immediate move after Move enable
The robot moves immediately when enable is given. This is achieved by preparing the
next action while waiting for the current weld to be completed.
Gun control
The system supports double guns, small and large strokes and gun pressure control.
Several guns can be controlled in the same program.
Testing the program
The program can be run one instruction at a time, both forwards and backwards. When
it is run backwards, only motion instructions, together with an inverted gun movement,
are executed. The program can also be test run without connecting a weld timer or spot
welding gun. This makes the program easier to test.
Rewelds
A function that can be configured to order one or more automatic rewelds or, when the
program is restarted after an error, a manual reweld.
Process error routines
In the event of a process error, installation-specific routines, such as go-to-service
position, can be ordered manually. When the appropriate routine has been performed,
the weld cycle continues from where it was interrupted.
Manual welding independent of positioning
A spot weld can be ordered manually at the current robot position. This is implemented
in a similar way as for program execution, i.e. with gun control and process
supervision. It is also possible to order a separate gun control with full supervision.
Interface signals
The following process signals are, if installed, handled automatically by SpotWare.
Digital outputs
start 1
start 2
close tip 1
close tip 2
work select
program parity
reset fault
process error
current enable
p2 request
p3 request
p4 request
weld power
water start
38
Description
start signal to the weld timer (tip 1)
start signal to the weld timer (tip 2)
close gun (tip 1)
close gun (tip 2)
select work or retract stroke of the gun
weld program parity bit
reset the weld timer
operator request is set when an error occurs
weld inhibit to the weld timer
set pressure 2
set pressure 3
set pressure 4
activate the weld power unit contactor
activate water cooling
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
SpotWare 3.2
manual close gun
manual open gun
manual run process
manual skip process
manual new data
process run
inhibit move
weld error
close gun manually
open gun manually
run a complete spot weld
skip the ongoing action
send data for the manual actions
process is executed
block spot welding movement
weld ready timeout
Digital output groups
program no.
initiate
Description
weld program number
used for several weld timers
Digital inputs
weld ready 1
weld ready 2
tip 1 open
tip 2 open
tip 1 retract
tip 2 retract
p1 OK
p2 OK
p3 OK
p4 OK
timer OK
flow OK
temp OK
current OK
Description
weld, started with start 1, is finished
weld, started with start 2, is finished
the gun (tip 1) is open
the gun (tip 2) is open
the gun (tip 1) opened to retract stroke
the gun (tip 2) opened to retract stroke
pressure 1 is reached
pressure 2 is reached
pressure 3 is reached
pressure 4 is reached
the weld timer is ready to weld
no problem with the water supply
no over-temperature
the weld current is within permissible tolerances
User defined routines
The following routines are predefined but can be adapted to suit the current installation.
Routine
preweld supervision
postweld supervision
init supervision
motor on action
motor off action
process OK action
process error action
current enable action
current disable action
close gun
open gun
set pressure
service close gun
service open gun
service weld fault
Description
supervision to be done before welding
supervision to be done after welding
supervision to be done for a warm start
action to be taken for Motors On
action to be taken for Motors Off
action to be taken for welding sensor OK
action to be taken for a process error
action to be taken for current enable
action to be taken for current disable
definition of gun closing
definition of gun opening
definition of gun pressure setting
error handling when gun pressure is not achieved
error handling at timeout for gun opening
error handling at timeout for weld-ready signal
The option Advanced functions is included.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
39
SpotWare 3.2
RAPID instructions included in this option
SpotL
40
Spot welding with linear movement
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
SpotWare Plus 3.2
4.4 SpotWare Plus 3.2
In addition to the SpotWare functionality the robot can weld with up to four stationary
welding guns simultaneously.
RAPID instructions included in this option
SpotML
Multiple spot welding with linear movement.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
41
GlueWare 3.2
4.5 GlueWare 3.2
GlueWare comprises a large number of dedicated gluing functions which make the
robot well suited for gluing and sealing. It is a simple yet powerful program since both
the positioning of the robot and the process control are handled in one and the same
instruction.
I/O signals and timing sequences can be easily configured to meet the requirements of
a specific installation.
GlueWare functions
A few examples of some useful functions are given below.
Adaptation to different gluing guns
Both on/off guns and proportional guns can be handled. Furthermore, time delays can
be specified for the gluing guns in order to obtain the correct thickness of glue or
sealing compound and application at the specified time.
Two gluing guns
One or two gluing guns can be controlled. Up to two analog outputs can be controlled
for each gun.
Velocity independent glue string thickness
The thickness of the glue string can be made independent on the robot’s velocity by
controlling the gluing gun with a signal that reflects the robot’s velocity. When the
robot velocity is reduced, the flow of glue will be automatically reduced. The robot can
compensate for a gun delay of up to 500 ms, thanks to a proactive signal.
Flow change at a specific position
Flow changes (incl. start and stop) can be put into the programmed path, also where
there are no programmed positions. These positions will remain fixed even when the
velocity is changed, which makes the programming much simpler.
Global flow changes
The glue flow can be changed for the whole program just by changing one value.
Program testing without glue
Gluing can be temporarily blocked in order to be able to test the robot’s movements
without any glue flow.
42
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
GlueWare 3.2
Interface signals
When installed, the following process signals are handled automatically by GlueWare.
Analog outputs
gun1 flow1
gun1 flow 2
gun2 flow1
gun2 flow 2
Description
Glue flow reference gun 1
Glue flow reference gun 1
Glue flow reference gun 2
Glue flow reference gun 2
Digital outputs
gun 1 on/off
gun 2 on/off
overspeed error
Description
glue off/on gun1
glue off/on gun 2
the calculated value of an analog output signal is
greater than its logical max. value
error during gluing
process error
User defined routines
The following routines are predefined but can be adapted to suit the current installation.
Routine
preglue actions
postglue actions
power on action
restart action
stop action
emergency stop action
Description
activity to be carried out in the beginning of the
glue string
activity to be carried out at the end of the
glue string
activity to be carried out at power-on
activity to be carried out at program start
activity to be carried out at program stop
activity to be carried out in the event of an
emergency stop or other safeguarded space stop
The option Advanced functions is included.
RAPID instructions included in this option
GlueL
GlueC
Gluing with linear movement
Gluing with circular movement
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
43
DispenseWare 3.2
4.6 DispenseWare 3.2
The DispenseWare package provides support for different types of dispensing
processes such as gluing and sealing.
The DispenseWare application provides fast and accurate positioning combined with a
flexible process control.
Communication with the dispensing equipment is carried out by means of digital and
analog outputs.
DispenseWare is a package that can be extensively customized. The intention is that the
user adapts some user data and routines to suit a specific dispensing equipment and the
environmental situation.
Dispensing features
The DispenseWare package contains the following features:
- Fast and accurate positioning.
- Handling of on/off guns as well as proportional guns.
- Speed proportional or constant analog outputs.
- Up to five different guns can be handled simultaneously, controlled by 1 - 5
digital output signals (for gun on/off control) and 1 - 2 analog output signals
(for flow control).
- Four different gun equipment, each controlled by 1 - 5 digital output signals
and 1 - 2 analog output signals, can be handled in the same program.
- Possibility to use different anticipated times for the digital and analog signals.
- Possibility to use equipment delay compensation for the TCP speed
proportional analog signals.
- Global or local flow rate correction factors.
- Dispensing instructions for both linear and circular paths.
- Dispensing in wet or dry mode.
- Wide opportunities of customizing the functionality to adapt to different types
of dispensing equipment.
44
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
PaintWare 3.2
4.7 PaintWare 3.2
PaintWare comprises a large number of dedicated painting functions which make the
robot well suited for painting and coating operations. It is powerful, yet simple since
both the robot positioning and the paint events are handled in one and the same
instruction. All phases of the paint process are controlled, such as start, change, and
stop painting, due to trig plane events.
The necessary structures for paint process data are predefined and organised as
BrushData and BrushTables.
PaintWare is only avaliable with painting robots.
PaintWare functionality
When painting, the fluid and air flow through the spray gun is controlled to suit the part
being coated and the thickness requirements. These process parameters are changed
along the path to achieve optimum control of the paint equipment along an entire path.
The paint process is monitored continuously.
A set of gun process parameters is called a Brush and it is possible to select different
brushes during a linear paint instruction. A brush can contain up to five parameters:
Paint
Atom_air
Fan_air
Voltage
Rotation
The Paint flow reference.
The Atomising air reference.
The Fan air reference.
The Electrostatic voltage reference.
The Rotation speed reference (for rotational applicators).
The five parameters may go directly to analog outputs controlling the spray gun in an
open loop system, or may go to dedicated I/O boards for closed loop gun control (IPS).
The Brushes are set up as an array, called a BrushTable. A specific BrushTable is
selected with the instruction UseBrushTab.
The changing of brushes along a path is done using events in the PaintL instruction.
The event data describes how a trig plane is located in the active object coordinate
system. It also describes which brush to use when the path crosses the plane. Event data
is included in all linear paint instructions as optional arguments. A maximum of ten
events can be held within one PaintL instruction.
Data types included in this option
BrushData
EventData
Data for one brush: flow, atomising air, fan air, etc.
Data for one event: trig-plane (x, y or z), plane value and brush
numberPaintL, PaintC, UseBrushTab,
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
45
PaintWare 3.2
RAPID instructions included in this option
PaintL
PaintC
UseBrushTab
SetBrush
46
Paint along a straight path w/paint events
Paint along a circular path
Used to activate (select) a brush-table.
Select a brush from the activated brush-table.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
PalletWare
4.8 PalletWare
General
The PalletWare package is a set of Rapid modules and user screens, which perform
basic operations related to a palletizing or depalletizing process. These operations
include a number of services which can be called from a main program to perform pick
and place operations for one or up to five palletizing tasks in parallel. For each such
task a number of separate dynamic variables are used to describe and keep track of each
on-going pallet operation. The PalletWare package is intended to work with Rapid
modules generated from PalletWizard, a PC tool for off-line programming of pallet
cycles.
Pallet cycles
Up to five different pallet cycles may be run in parallel, where a pallet cycle is the task
to run a complete palletizing job for a pallet, i.e. to pick and place all products,
including the pallet itself.
Each pallet cycle includes a number of layer cycles, where each layer cycle is the task
to complete one layer with all the parts to be picked and placed in this layer.
Each layer cycle may further be broken down into a number of pick-place cycles,
where each pick-place cycle is the task to pick one or several parts and place them on
the pallet. Within each pick-place cycle there may be several pick operations, if parts
must be picked in many separate operations. Similarly, there may be several place
operations in each pick-place cycle.
Each layer may be either an in-feeder layer, where the products, e.g. boxes, are picked
from an in-feeder, or a stack layer, where the product, e.g. an empty pallet, is searched
and picked from a stack.
If several pallet cycles are run in parallel, then one complete pick-place cycle is always
finished before a new one is started in another pallet cycle.
Pallet cell
The pallet cell may include any number of pallet stations, in-feeders and stacks for
pallets, tier sheets or slip sheets. All such stations and stacks are defined as regards
position, with an individual coordinate system (work object).
The palletizing robot is normally an IRB 6400 or IRB 640 but any robot type may be
used. The tool to use may be a mechanical gripper or a tool with suction cups, possibly
with separate grip zones for multiple picking and placing. Several different tooldata
may be defined and used depending on the product dimensions and number of
products.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
47
PalletWare
Products
Any number of different products with different dimensions may be handled and placed
in different patterns on the pallet. Each layer must have the same product only, but
different layers on a pallet may have different products.
Products may be delivered on one or several in-feeders and placed on one or several
different pallets.
For each separate product individual handling speeds and load data are used.
The dimensions and speeds of the products may be changed in run time, thus affecting
all pick and place positions.
Movements, approach and retreat positions
All movements are calculated in run time and relative to the different coordinate
systems defined for each station. Between stations, e.g. moving from an in-feeder to a
pallet station, the robot may be forced to move up to safety height and to retract before
moving towards the new station. While moving to the pick or place position, the robot
will first move to an approach position and then to a prepick/place position. These
horizontal and vertical distances for the approach positions, relative to the pick or place
position, may be individually defined per product or station. In addition, the approach
direction may be individually defined per pick or place position. These approach data
may be changed in run time.
The picking and placing movements and the sequence to search different stacks for
empty pallets or tier sheets may be customised if necessary.
User routines
A number of different user routines may be called at certain phases of the pallet cycle.
These routines can be used for communication with external equipment, for error
checking, for operator messages etc. Such user routines are grouped in three main
groups according to when they are called in the pallet cycle. The groups are:
- Cycle routines, connected to the different cycles, i.e. pallet cycle, layer cycle,
pick and place cycle. Each such cycle may have its own individual user routine
at the beginning, at the middle and at the end of the cycle.
- Station access routines, connected to the different stations. A specific user routine may be called before (station-in routine) and after (station-out) a pick/place
on a feeder or pallet station, e.g. to order the next products on the feeder.
- Pick stack routines, connected to stacks. Such routines are called to search and
pick a product on the stack.
48
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
PalletWare
User screens
The user interacts with the program using menu driven screens on the teach pendant.
These screens allow the following functions to be configured:
- Station menu gives access to the robot default parameters, the tool information,
the pallet stations, stack stations and feeder station information.
- Product menu gives access to the information related to the different types of
product: regular products, empty pallets.
- Cycles menu gives access to the current production status for the different lines.
PalletWare system modules
PalletWare consists of a number of system modules as listed below.
PalletWare Kernel:
PAL_EXE.sys
PAL_DYN.sys
PAL_SCR.sys
Generated from PalletWizard:
PAL_CELL.sys
PAL_CYC.sys
Templates to be completed by the system integrator concerning work object data, tool
data, user routines including communication with external equipment etc.:
PAL_USRR.sys
PAL_USRT.sys
Modules and code not included in PalletWare
In addition to the modules listed above, there are some modules which are not included
in the PalletWare delivery, but which must be written by the system integrator for
specific installations. These are:
- The “main” module, including the main routine. In this routine all logic for
working with parallel and simultaneous pallet cycles must be coded by the system integrator, including code required for operator messages, error handling
and product changes.
- A system module holding different operator dialogues, which may be called
from the main routine in order to change or check pallet cycles or to handle
error situations.
System requirements for option PalletWare
- Option ScreenViewer.
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
49
PalletWare
50
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Available memory
5 Memory and Documentation
5.1 Available memory
The available user memory for the different memory options is as follows:
Extended memory
Standard
+8 MB
Total memory
8+8=16 MB
(option 402)
8+16=24 MB
(option 403)
Program memory without
options
2.5 MB
(ram disk=0.5 MB)
6.0 MB
(ram disk=4.0 MB)
Other software options reduce the available program memory as follows. Options not
mentioned have no or small memory consumption (less than 10 kB). All the figures are
approximate.
Option
Program memory
Base system
335 kB
Multitasking
80 kB/task (including task 1)
Advanced Functions
20 kB
GlueWare/DispenseWare
125 kB
SpotWare
SpotWare Plus
370 kB
390 kB
Ram disk
Remark
145 kB (225 kB if
memory option 403
is chosen)
30 kB
Including Advanced
Functions
55 kB
Including Multitasking with two spotware tasks (one
process and one
supervision task).
75 kB
Including Multitasking with two spotware tasks (one
process and one
supervision task).
Including Multitasking with five spotware tasks (four
process and one
supervision task).
SpotWare Plus
730 kB
75 kB
Load Identification and
Collision Detection
80 kB
40 kB
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
51
Teach pendant language
For RAPID memory consumption, see the RAPID Developer’s Manual. As an example,
a MoveL or MoveJ instruction consumes 236 bytes when the robtarget is stored in the
instruction (marked with ‘*’) and 168 bytes if a named robtarget is used. In the latter
case, the CONST declaration of the named robtarget consumes an additional 280 bytes.
5.2 Teach Pendant Language
The robot is delivered with the selected language installed. The other languages are also
delivered and can be installed.
5.3 Robot Documentation
A complete set of documentation consisting of:
- User’s Guide, with step by step instructions on how to operate and program the
robot. This manual also includes a chapter called Basic Operation, which is an
introduction to the basic operation and programming of the robot, and is suitable as a tutorial.
- RAPID Reference Manual, a description of the programming language.
- Product Manual, a description of the installation of the robot, maintenance
procedures and troubleshooting. The Product Specification is included.
If the Danish language is chosen, the RAPID Reference Manual and parts of the
Product Manual will be in English.
52
Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare OS 3.2
Safety
CONTENTS
Page
1 General ............................................................................................................................. 3
1.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................... 3
2 Applicable Safety Standards .......................................................................................... 3
3 Fire-Extinguishing........................................................................................................... 4
4 Definitions of Safety Functions ...................................................................................... 4
5 Safe Working Procedures ............................................................................................... 5
5.1 Normal operations ................................................................................................. 5
6 Programming, Testing and Servicing ............................................................................ 5
7 Safety Functions .............................................................................................................. 6
7.1 The safety control chain of operation .................................................................... 6
7.2 Emergency stops.................................................................................................... 7
7.3 Mode selection using the operating mode selector................................................ 7
7.4 Enabling device ..................................................................................................... 8
7.5 Hold-to-run control................................................................................................ 8
7.6 General Mode Safeguarded Stop (GS) connection................................................ 9
7.7 Automatic Mode Safeguarded Stop (AS) connection ........................................... 10
7.8 Limiting the working space ................................................................................... 10
7.9 Supplementary functions ....................................................................................... 10
8 Safety Risks Related to End Effectors........................................................................... 10
8.1 Gripper................................................................................................................... 10
8.2 Tools/workpieces ................................................................................................... 11
8.3 Pneumatic/hydraulic systems ................................................................................ 11
9 Risks during Operation Disturbances........................................................................... 11
10 Risks during Installation and Service ......................................................................... 11
11 The following standards are of interest when the robot is parts of a cell................. 13
12 Risks Associated with Live Electric Parts................................................................... 13
13 Emergency Release of Mechanical Arm ..................................................................... 14
14 Limitation of Liability................................................................................................... 14
15 Related Information...................................................................................................... 14
Product Manual
1
Safety
2
Product Manual
Safety
Safety
1 General
This information on safety covers functions that have to do with the operation of the
industrial robot.
The information does not cover how to design, install and operate a complete system,
nor does it cover all peripheral equipment, which can influence the safety of the total
system.
To protect personnel, the complete system has to be designed and installed in accordance with the safety requirements set forth in the standards and regulations of the country where the robot is installed.
The users of ABB industrial robots are responsible for ensuring that the applicable
safety laws and regulations in the country concerned are observed and that the safety
devices necessary to protect people working with the robot system have been designed
and installed correctly.
People who work with robots must be familiar with the operation and handling of the
industrial robot, described in applicable documents, e.g. Users’s Guide and Product
Manual.
The diskettes which contain the robot’s control programs must not be changed in
any way because this could lead to the deactivation of safety functions, such as
reduced speed.
1.1 Introduction
Apart from the built-in safety functions, the robot is also supplied with an interface for
the connection of external safety devices.
Via this interface, an external safety function can interact with other machines and
peripheral equipment. This means that control signals can act on safety signals
received from the peripheral equipment as well as from the robot.
In the Product Manual/Installation, instructions are provided for connecting safety
devices between the robot and the peripheral equipment.
2 Applicable Safety Standards
The robot is designed in accordance with the requirements of ISO10218, Jan. 1992,
Industrial Robot Safety. The robot also fulfils the ANSI/RIA 15.06-1992 stipulations.
Product Manual
3
Safety
3 Fire-Extinguishing
Use a CARBON DIOXIDE extinguisher in the event of a fire in the robot (manipulator or controller).
4 Definitions of Safety Functions
Emergency stop – IEC 204-1,10.7
A condition which overrides all other robot controls, removes drive power from robot
axis actuators, stops all moving parts and removes power from other dangerous functions controlled by the robot.
Enabling device – ISO 11161, 3.4
A manually operated device which, when continuously activated in one position only,
allows hazardous functions but does not initiate them. In any other position, hazardous
functions can be stopped safely.
Safety stop – ISO 10218 (EN 775), 6.4.3
When a safety stop circuit is provided, each robot must be delivered with the necessary
connections for the safeguards and interlocks associated with this circuit. It is necessary
to reset the power to the machine actuators before any robot motion can be initiated.
However, if only the power to the machine actuators is reset, this should not suffice to
initiate any operation.
Reduced speed – ISO 10218 (EN 775), 3.2.17
A single, selectable velocity provided by the robot supplier which automatically
restricts the robot velocity to that specified in order to allow sufficient time for people
either to withdraw from the hazardous area or to stop the robot.
Interlock (for safeguarding) – ISO 10218 (EN 775), 3.2.8
A function that interconnects a guard(s) or a device(s) and the robot controller and/or
power system of the robot and its associated equipment.
Hold-to-run control – ISO 10218 (EN 775), 3.2.7
A control which only allows movements during its manual actuation and which causes
these movements to stop as soon as it is released.
4
Product Manual
Safety
5 Safe Working Procedures
Safe working procedures must be used to prevent injury. No safety device or circuit
may be modified, bypassed or changed in any way, at any time.
5.1 Normal operations
All normal operations in automatic mode must be executed from outside the safeguarded space.
6 Programming, Testing and Servicing
The robot is extremely heavy and powerful, even at low speed. When entering into the
robot’s safeguarded space, the applicable safety regulations of the country concerned
must be observed.
Operators must be aware of the fact that the robot can make unexpected movements.
A pause (stop) in a pattern of movements may be followed by a movement at high
speed. Operators must also be aware of the fact that external signals can affect robot
programs in such a way that a certain pattern of movement changes without warning.
If work must be carried out within the robot’s work envelope, the following points
must be observed:
• The operating mode selector on the controller must be in the manual mode position
to render the enabling device operative and to block operation from a computer link
or remote control panel.
• The robot’s speed is limited to max. 250 mm/s (10 inches/s) when the operating mode
selector is in position < 250 mm/s. This should be the normal position when entering
the working space. The position 100% – full speed – may only be used by trained personnel who are aware of the risks that this entails.
Do not change “Transm gear ratio” or other kinematic parameters from
the teach pendant or a PC. This will affect the safety function Reduced speed
250 mm/s.
• During programming and testing, the enabling device must be released as soon as
there is no need for the robot to move.
The enabling device must never be rendered inoperative in any way.
• The programmer must always take the teach pendant with him/her when entering
through the safety gate to the robot’s working space so that no-one else can take over
control of the robot without his/her knowledge.
Product Manual
5
Safety
7 Safety Functions
7.1 The safety control chain of operation
The safety control chain of operation is based on dual electrical safety chains which
interact with the robot computer and enable the MOTORS ON mode.
Each electrical safety chain consist of several switches connected in such a way that all
of them must be closed before the robot can be set to MOTORS ON mode. MOTORS
ON mode means that drive power is supplied to the motors.
If any contact in the safety chain of operation is open, the robot always reverts to
MOTORS OFF mode. MOTORS OFF mode means that drive power is removed from
the robot’s motors and the brakes are applied.
K2
K1
K1
Drive
Unit
M
K2
Interlocking
EN RUN
&
&
Man2
Man1
+
+
LIM1
Auto1
TPU
En1
ES1
GS1
AS1
LIM2
External
contactors
TPU
En2
ES2
GS2
Auto2
AS2
The status of the switches is indicated by LEDs on top of the panel module in the control cabinet and is also displayed on the teach pendant (I/O window).
After a stop, the switch must be reset at the unit which caused the stop before
the robot can be ordered to start again.
The time limits for the central two channel cyclic supervisions of the safety control
chain is between 2 and 4 second.
The safety chains must never be bypassed, modified or changed in any other way.
6
Product Manual
Safety
7.2 Emergency stops
An emergency stop should be activated if there is a danger to people or equipment.
Built-in emergency stop buttons are located on the operator’s panel of the robot controller and on the teach pendant.
External emergency stop devices (buttons, etc.) can be connected to the safety chain
by the user (see Product Manual/Installation). They must be connected in accordance
with the applicable standards for emergency stop circuits.
Before commissioning the robot, all emergency stop buttons or other safety equipment
must be checked by the user to ensure their proper operation.
Before switching to MOTORS ON mode again, establish the reason for the stop
and rectify the fault.
7.3 Mode selection using the operating mode selector
The applicable safety requirements for using robots, laid down in accordance with
ISO/DIS 10218, are characterised by different modes, selected by means of control
devices and with clear-cut positions.
One automatic and two manual modes are available:
Manual mode:
< 250 mm/s - max. speed is 250mm/s
100% - full speed
Automatic mode: The robot can be operated via a remote control device
The manual mode, < 250 mm/s or 100%, must be selected whenever anyone enters the
robot’s safeguarded space. The robot must be operated using the teach pendant and, if
100% is selected, using Hold-to-run control.
In automatic mode, the operating mode selector is switched to
, and all safety
arrangements, such as doors, gates, light curtains, light beams and sensitive mats, etc.,
are active. No-one may enter the robot’s safeguarded space. All controls, such as emergency stops, the control panel and control cabinet, must be easily accessible from outside the safeguarded space.
Programming and testing at reduced speed
Robot movements at reduced speed can be carried out as follows:
• Set the operating mode selector to <250 mm/s
• Programs can only be started using the teach pendant with the enabling device activated.
The automatic mode safeguarded space stop (AS) function is not active in this mode.
Product Manual
7
Safety
Testing at full speed
Robot movements at programmed speed can be carried out as follows:
• Set the operating mode selector to 100%
• Programs can only be started using the teach pendant with the enabling device activated.
For “Hold-to-run control”, the Hold-to-run button must be activated. Releasing the button stops program execution.
The 100% mode may only be used by trained personnel. The applicable laws and
regulations of the countries where the robot is used must always be observed.
Automatic operation
Automatic operation may start when the following conditions are fulfilled:
• The operating mode selector is set to
• The MOTORS ON mode is selected
Either the teach pendant can be used to start the program or a connected remote control
device. These functions should be wired and interlocked in accordance with the applicable safety instructions and the operator must always be outside the safeguarded
space.
7.4 Enabling device
When the operating mode selector is in the MANUAL or MANUAL FULL SPEED
position, the robot can be set to the MOTORS ON mode by depressing the enabling
device on the teach pendant.
Should the robot revert to the MOTORS OFF mode for any reason while the enabling
device is depressed, the latter must be released before the robot can be returned to the
MOTORS ON mode again. This is a safety function designed to prevent the enabling
device from being rendered inactive.
When the enabling device is released, the drive power to the motors is switched off, the
brakes are applied and the robot reverts to the MOTORS OFF mode.
If the enabling device is reactivated, the robot changes to the MOTORS ON mode.
7.5 Hold-to-run control
This function is always active when the operating mode selector is in the MANUAL
FULL SPEED position. It is possible to set a parameter to make this function active
also when the operating mode selector is in the MANUAL position.
8
Product Manual
Safety
When the Hold-to-run control is active, the enabling device and the Hold-to-run button
on the teach pendant must be depressed in order to execute a program. When the button
is released, the axis (axes) movements stop and the robot remains in the MOTORS ON
mode.
Here is a detailed description of how to execute a program in Hold-to-run control:
• Activate the enabling device on the teach pendant.
• Choose execution mode using the function keys on the teach pendant:
- Start (continuous running of the program)
- FWD (one instruction forwards)
- BWD (one instruction backwards)
• Wait for the Hold-to-run alert box.
• Activate the Hold-to-run button on the teach pendant.
Now the program will run (with the chosen execution mode) as long as the Hold-torun button is pressed. Releasing the button stops program execution and activating the
button will start program execution again.
For FWD and BWD execution modes, the next instruction is run by releasing and
activating the Hold-to-run button.
It is possible to change execution mode when the Hold-to-run button is released and
then continue the program execution with the new execution mode, by just activating
the Hold-to-run button again, i.e. no alert box is shown.
If the program execution was stopped with the Stop button on the teach pendant, the
program execution will be continued by releasing and activating the Hold-to-run
button.
When the enabling device on the teach pendant is released, the sequence described
above must be repeated from the beginning.
7.6 General Mode Safeguarded Stop (GS) connection
The GS connection is provided for interlocking external safety devices, such as light
curtains, light beams or sensitive mats. The GS is active regardless of the position of
the operating mode selector.
When this connection is open the robot changes to the MOTORS OFF mode. To reset
to MOTORS ON mode, the device that initiated the safety stop must be interlocked in
accordance with applicable safety regulations. This is not normally done by resetting
the device itself.
Product Manual
9
Safety
7.7 Automatic Mode Safeguarded Stop (AS) connection
The AS connection is provided for interlocking external safety devices, such as light
curtains, light beams or sensitive mats used externally by the system builder. The AS
is especially intended for use in automatic mode, during normal program execution.
The AS is by-passed when the operating mode selector is in the MANUAL or
MANUAL FULL SPEED position.
7.8 Limiting the working space
NOTE! Not valid for IRB 340(r)
For certain applications, movement about the robot’s main axes must be limited in
order to create a sufficiently large safety zone. This will reduce the risk of damage to
the robot if it collides with external safety arrangements, such as barriers, etc.
Movement about axes 1, 2 and 3 can be limited with adjustable mechanical stops or by
means of electrical limit switches. If the working space is limited by means of stops or
switches, the corresponding software limitation parameters must also be changed. If
necessary, movement of the three wrist axes can also be limited by the computer software. Limitation of movement of the axes must be carried out by the user.
7.9 Supplementary functions
Functions via specific digital inputs:
• A stop can be activated via a connection with a digital input. Digital inputs can be used
to stop programs if, for example, a fault occurs in the peripheral equipment.
Functions via specific digital outputs:
• Error – indicates a fault in the robot system.
• Cycle_on – indicates that the robot is executing a program.
• MotOnState/MotOffState – indicates that the robot is in MOTORS ON / MOTORS
OFF mode.
• EmStop - indicates that the robot is in emergency stop state.
• AutoOn - indicates that the robot is in automatic mode.
8 Safety Risks Related to End Effectors
8.1 Gripper
If a gripper is used to hold a workpiece, inadvertent loosening of the workpiece must
be prevented.
10
Product Manual
Safety
8.2 Tools/workpieces
It must be possible to turn off tools, such as milling cutters, etc., safely. Make sure that
guards remain closed until the cutters stop rotating.
Grippers must be designed so that they retain workpieces in the event of a power failure or a disturbance of the controller. It should be possible to release parts by manual
operation (valves).
8.3 Pneumatic/hydraulic systems
Special safety regulations apply to pneumatic and hydraulic systems.
Residual energy may be present in these systems so, after shutdown, particular care
must be taken.
The pressure in pneumatic and hydraulic systems must be released before starting to
repair them. Gravity may cause any parts or objects held by these systems to drop.
Dump valves should be used in case of emergency. Shot bolts should be used to prevent
tools, etc., from falling due to gravity.
9 Risks during Operation Disturbances
If the working process is interrupted, extra care must be taken due to risks other than
those associated with regular operation. Such an interruption may have to be rectified
manually.
Remedial action must only ever be carried out by trained personnel who are familiar
with the entire installation as well as the special risks associated with its different parts.
The industrial robot is a flexible tool which can be used in many different industrial
applications. All work must be carried out professionally and in accordance with applicable safety regulations. Care must be taken at all times.
10 Risks during Installation and Service
Never use the robot as a ladder, i.e. do not climb on the robot motors or other
parts during service work. There is a serious risk of slipping because of the high
temperature of the motors or oil spills that can occur on the robot.
To prevent injuries and damage during the installation of the robot system, the regulations applicable in the country concerned and the instructions of ABB Robotics must
be complied with. Special attention must be paid to the following points:
• The supplier of the complete system must ensure that all circuits used in the safety
Product Manual
11
Safety
function are interlocked in accordance with the applicable standards for that function.
• The instructions in the Product Manual/Installation must always be followed.
• The mains supply to the robot must be connected in such a way that it can be turned
off outside the robot’s working space.
• The supplier of the complete system must ensure that all circuits used in the emergency stop function are interlocked in a safe manner, in accordance with the applicable standards for the emergency stop function.
• Emergency stop buttons must be positioned in easily accessible places so that the
robot can be stopped quickly.
• Safety zones, which have to be crossed before admittance, must be set up in front of
the robot’s working space. Light beams or sensitive mats are suitable devices.
• Turntables or the like should be used to keep the operator away from the robot’s working space.
• Those in charge of operations must make sure that safety instructions are available for
the installation in question.
• Those who install the robot must have the appropriate training for the robot system in
question and in any safety matters associated with it.
Although troubleshooting may, on occasion, have to be carried out while the power
supply is turned on, the robot must be turned off (by setting the mains switch to OFF)
when repairing faults, disconnecting electric leads and disconnecting or connecting
units.
Even if the power supply for the robot is turned off, you can still injure yourself.
• The axes are affected by the force of gravity when the brakes are released. In addition
to the risk of being hit by moving robot parts, you run the risk of being crushed by the
tie rod.
• Energy, stored in the robot for the purpose of counterbalancing certain axes, may be
released if the robot, or parts thereof, is dismantled.
• When dismantling/assembling mechanical units, watch out for falling objects.
• Be aware of stored energy (DC link) and hot parts in the controller.
• Units inside the controller, e.g. I/O modules, can be supplied with external power.
12
Product Manual
Safety
11 The following standards are of interest when the robot is parts of a cell
EN 294
Safety of machinery - Safety distance to prevent danger zones
being reached by the upper limbs.
EN 349
Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of
parts of the human body.
EN 811
Safety of machinery - Safety distance to prevent danger zones
being reached by the lower limbs.
Pr EN 999
Safety of machinery - The positioning of protective equipment
in respect of approach speeds of the human body.
EN 1088
Safety of machinery - Inter locking device associated with
guards principles for design and selection.
12 Risks Associated with Live Electric Parts
Controller
A danger of high voltage is associated with the following parts:
- The mains supply/mains switch
- The power unit
- The power supply unit for the computer system (55 V AC)
- The rectifier unit (260 V AC and 370 V DC. NB: Capacitors!)
- The drive unit (370 V DC)
- The service outlets (115/230 VAC)
- The power supply unit for tools, or special power supply units for the machining process
- The external voltage connected to the control cabinet remains live even when
the robot is disconnected from the mains.
- Additional connections
Manipulator
A danger of high voltage is associated with the manipulator in:
- The power supply for the motors (up to 370 V DC)
- The user connections for tools or other parts of the installation (see Installation,
max. 230 V AC)
Tools, material handling devices, etc.
Tools, material handling devices, etc., may be live even if the robot system is in the
OFF position. Power supply cables which are in motion during the working process
may be damaged.
Product Manual
13
Safety
13 Emergency Release of Mechanical Arm
If an emergency situation occur where a person is trapped by the mechanical robot arm,
the brake release buttons should be pressed whereby the arms can be moved to release
the person. To move the arms by manpower is normally possible on the smaller robots
(1400 and 2400), but for the bigger ones it might not be possible without a mechanical
lifting device, like an overhead crane.
If power is not available the brakes are applied, and therefore manpower might not be
sufficient for any robot.
Before releasing the brakes, be sure that the weight of the arms does not enhance
the pressure on the trapped person.
14 Limitation of Liability
The above information regarding safety must not be construed as a warranty by
ABB Robotics that the industrial robot will not cause injury or damage even if all safety
instructions have been complied with.
15 Related Information
Described in:
14
Installation of safety devices
Product Manual - Installation and
Commissioning
Changing robot modes
User’s Guide - Starting up
Limiting the working space
Product Manual - Installation and
Commissioning
Product Manual
To the User
“Declaration by the manufacturer”.
This is only a translation of the customs declaration. The original
document (in English) with the serial number on it is supplied
together with the robot
Declaration by the manufacturer
as defined by machinery directive 89/392/EEC Annex II B
Herewith we declare that the industrial robot
IRB 1400
IRB 2000
IRB 2400
IRB 3000
IRB 3400
IRB 4400
IRB 6000
IRB 6400
IRB 6400C
IRB 640
manufactured by ABB Robotics Products AB 721 68 Västerås, Sweden
with serial No.
We reserve all rights in this document and in the
information contained therein. Reproduction, use or
disclosure to third parties without express authority is
strictly forbidden.  ABB Robotics Products AB
Label with
serial number
is intended to be incorporated into machinery or assembled with other machinery to constitute
machinery covered by this directive and must not be put into service until the machinery into
which it is to be incorporated has been declared in conformity with the provisions of the
directive, 91/368 EEC.
Applied harmonised standards in particular:
FO
R
IN
FO
R
M
AT
IO
N
Safety of machinery, basic terminology
Safety of machinery, technical principles/specifications, emergency stop
Safety of machinery, emergency stop equipment
Safety of machinery, temperatures of surfaces
Safety of machiney, ergonomic design principles
Robot safety
Electrical equipment for industrial machines
Safety of machinery, two-hand control device
Safety of machinery, fixed / moveable guards
Safety of machinery, safety related parts of the control system
EMC, Generic emission standard. Part 2: Industrial environment
Radiated emission enclosure
Conducted emission AC Mains
EMC, Generic immunity standard. Part 2: Industrial environment
Electrostatic discharge immunity test
Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity yest
Radeated electromagnetic field from digital radio telephones, immunity test
Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test
Conducted disturbences induced by radio-frequency fields, immunity test
O
N
LY
EN 292-1
EN 292-2
EN 418
EN 563
EN 614-1
EN 775
EN 60204
prEN 574
prEN 953
prEN 954-1
EN 50081-2
EN 55011 Class A
EN 55011 Class A
EN 50082-2
EN 61000-4-2
EN 61000-4-3
ENV 50204
EN 61000-4-4
ENV 50141
Prepared
Responsible department
M Jonsson, 970904
SEROP/K
Approved by,date
Take over department
K-G Ramström, 970905
Technical Provisions
Title
Declaration by the manuf.
Page
1
Product Design Responsible
No.of pages
Status
Tillverkardeklaration
APPROVED
Document No
ABB Robotics Products
1
Rev. ind.
3HAB 3585-1
08
ABB ROBOTICS PRODUCTS AB
Robot type:
Revision:
For RAC:
RAC Ref no:
Tested and approved:
Date
CONFIGURATION LIST
Manufact order no:
Serial no:
Sales order no:
Name
MANIPULATOR:
CONTROL SYSTEM:
To the User
ROBOT SYSTEM:
The Configuration List is an individual specification of the robot
system delivered regarding configuration and extent.
Date
Delivery from factory:
On delivery, the complete document is placed in the robot controller.
Delivery to customer:
Acceptance by customer:
Customer information:
Customer:
Address:
OPTIONS/DOCUMENTATION
QTY
OPTION/PARTNO
REVISION
DESCRIPTION
System Description
CONTENTS
Page
1 Structure .......................................................................................................................... 3
1.1 Manipulator ............................................................................................................ 3
1.2 Controller................................................................................................................ 9
1.3 Electronics unit ....................................................................................................... 10
2 Computer System ............................................................................................................ 13
3 Servo System.................................................................................................................... 15
3.1 Principle function ................................................................................................... 15
3.2 Regulation............................................................................................................... 15
3.3 Controlling the robot .............................................................................................. 15
3.4 Overload protection ................................................................................................ 16
4 I/O System........................................................................................................................ 17
5 Safety System................................................................................................................... 19
5.1 The chain of operation............................................................................................ 19
5.2 MOTORS ON and MOTORS OFF modes............................................................. 20
5.3 Safety stop signals .................................................................................................. 20
5.4 Limitation of velocity ............................................................................................. 21
5.5 ENABLE ................................................................................................................ 21
5.6 24 V supervision..................................................................................................... 21
5.7 Monitoring .............................................................................................................. 21
6 External Axes................................................................................................................... 23
Product Manual
1
System Description
CONTENTS
Page
2
Product Manual
System Description
Structure
1 Structure
The robot is made up of two main parts, manipulator and controller, described in sections 1.1 and 1.2.
1.1 Manipulator
It is equipped with maintenance-free, AC motors which have electromechanical
brakes. The brakes lock the motors when the robot is inoperative for more than 1000
hours. The time is configurabble for the user.
The following figures shows the various ways in which the different manipulators
moves and its component parts.
Motor axis 5
Motor axis 6
Axis 3
Axis 4
Axis 5
Axis 6
Motor axis 4
Upper arm
Lower arm
Axis 2
Motor axis 1
Motor axis 2
Motor axis 3
Axis 1
Base
Figure 1 The motion patterns of the IRB 1400 and IRB 140.
Product Manual
3
Structure
System Description
Motor unit axis 4
Motor unit axis 5
Motor unit axis 6
Upper arm
Axis 4 Axis 3
Axis 6
Axis 5
Motor unit and
gearbox axis 1
Lower arm
Axis 2
Motor unit and
gearbox axis 2
Motor unit and
gearbox axis 3
Axis 1
Base
Figure 2 The motion patterns of the IRB 2400.
Axis 5
Upper arm
Axis 4
Motor axis 4
Motor axis 5
Motor axis 6
Axis 6
Axis 3
Lower arm
Axis 2
Motor axis 1
Motor axis 3
Axis 1
Motor axis 2
Base
Figure 3 The motion patterns of the IRB 4400.
4
Product Manual
System Description
Structure
Figure 4 The motion patterns of the IRB 6400.
Upper arm
Axis 3
Axis4
Motor axis 4
Motor axis 5
Axis 5
Motor axis 6
Axis 2
Motor axis 1
Motor axis 2
Motor axis 3
Axis 1
Lower arm
Base
Figure 5 The motion patterns of the IRB 6400R M99.
Product Manual
5
Structure
System Description
Axis 3
Upper arm
Motor axis 6
Axis 6
Axis 2
Motor axis 2
Motor axis 3
Lower arm
Motor axis 1
Axis 1
Figure 6 The motion patterns of the IRB 640.
6
Product Manual
System Description
Structure
Motor 1(X)-axis
Motor 3(Z)-axis
Motor 2(Y)-axis
Motor 4(C)-axis
2(Y)-axis
3(Z)-axis
4(C)-axis
1(X)-axis
Figure 7 The motion patterns of the IRB 840/A
Product Manual
7
Structure
System Description
.
Axis 2
Axis 3
Axis 2
Upper arm (x3)
Y
Axis 3
Base box
Motors
encapsulated
Bars (x3)
Axis 1
Axis 4,
telescopic shaft
(option)
Swivel
X
Z
Figure 8 The motion patterns of the IRB 340.
8
Product Manual
System Description
Structure
1.2 Controller
The controller, which contains the electronics used to control the manipulator and
peripheral equipment, is specifically designed for robot control, and consequently
provides optimal performance and functionality.
Figure 9 shows the location of the various components on the cabinet.
Teach pendant
Operator’s panel
Mains switch
Disk drive
Manipulator
connection
Figure 9 The exterior of the cabinet showing the location of the various units.
Product Manual
9
Structure
System Description
1.3 Electronics unit
Optional board
Optional board
Main computer
Memory board
Supply
unit
Robot computer
Drive module 1
Drive module 2
Drive module 3
DC link
All control and supervisory electronics, apart from the serial measurement board,
which is located inside the manipulator, are gathered together inside the controller.
Transformer
Figure 10 The location of the electronics boards and units behind the front door.
The computer unit (supply unit + board backplane) comprises the following parts:
• Robot computer board –
contains computers used to control the manipulator motion and I/O communication.
• Memory board –
contains extra RAM memory, there are three sizes, 8 and 16 MB.
• Main computer board –
contains 8 MB RAM memory and the main computer, which controls the entire
robot system.
• Optional boardsCommunication boards, containing circuits for network and field bus communication.
• Supply unit–
4 regulated and short-circuit-protected output voltages.
Drive system:
• DC link–
converts a three-phase AC voltage to a DC voltage.
• Drive module –
controls the torque of 2-3 motors.
When the maximum capacity for external axes is utilized, a second control cabinet is
used. The external axes cabinet comprises AC connection, main switch, contactors,
10
Product Manual
System Description
Structure
transformer, DC-link, drive module(s), and supply unit, but no computer unit.
Lithium batteries
I/O units (x4)
AC connection
Panel unit
Motors On and brake contactors
Floppy disk
Figure 11 The location of units under the top cover.
• Lithium batteries for memory back-up.
• Panel unit –
gathers and coordinates all signals that affect operational and personal safety.
• I/O units –
enables communication with external equipment by means of digital inputs and
outputs, analog signals or field buses.
I/O units can alternatively be located outside the cabinet. Communication with
robot data is implemented via a stranded wire CAN bus, which allows the units
to be positioned close to the process.
• Serial measurement board (in the manipulator) –
gathers resolver data and transfers it serially to the robot computer board. The
serial measurement board is battery-backed so that the revolution information
cannot be lost during a power failure.
Product Manual
11
Structure
12
System Description
Product Manual
System Description
Computer System
2 Computer System
The computer system is made up of three computers on two circuit boards. The
computers comprise:
- Main computer board –
contains the main computer of the robot and controls the entire robot.
- Robot computer board –
contains the I/O computer which acts as a link between the main computer,
the world around and the axis computer that regulates the velocity of the
robot axes.
To find out where the various boards are located, see Electronics unit on page 10.
The computers are the data processing centre of the robot. They possess all the functions required to create, execute and store a robot program. They also contain functions for coordinating and regulating the axis movements. Figure 12 shows how the
computer system communicates with the other units.
Main
computer
board
Memory
board
Main computer
Robot
computer
board
Network I/O
computer
Axis computer
I/O computer
Teach pendant
I/O units
Drive
units
Serial measurement
board
Disk drive
Figure 12 The interfaces of the computer system.
Product Manual
13
Computer System
14
System Description
Product Manual
System Description
Servo System
3 Servo System
3.1 Principle function
The servo system is a complex system comprising several different interacting units
and system parts – both hardware and software. The servo function comprises:
• Digital regulation of the poses, velocity and motor current of the robot axes.
• Synchronous AC operation of the robot motors.
3.2 Regulation
During execution, new data on the poses of the robot axes is continuously received
from the serial measurement board. This data is input into the position regulator and
then compared with previous position data. After it has been compared and amplified,
new references are given for the pose and velocity of the robot.
The system also contains a model of the robot which continuously calculates the optimal regulator parameters for the gravitation, the moment of inertia and the interaction
between axes. See Figure 13.
3.3 Controlling the robot
An digital current reference for two phases is calculated on the basis of the resolver signal and a known relationship between the resolver angle and rotor angle. The third
phase is created from the other two.
The current of the phases is regulated in the drive unit in separate current regulators. In
this way, three voltage references are returned which, by pulse-modulating the rectifier
voltage, are amplified to the working voltage of the motors.
The serial measurement board receives resolver data from a maximum of six resolvers
and generates information on the position of the resolvers.
Product Manual
15
Servo System
System Description
The following diagrams outline the system structure for AC operation as well as the
fundamental structure of the drive unit.
Computer
Rotor position
Serial measurement
board
Torque reference
DC link
Drive Unit
M
R
AC OPERATION
DC link
TORQUE
reference
M
+
CURRENT
ESTIMATOR
PWM
+
+
M
ROTOR
POSITION
-
W
PWM
-
+
CURRENT
REGULATOR
M
+
U
M
V
PWM
MAIN
CIRCUITS
Figure 13 System structure for AC operation.
3.4 Overload protection
PTC resistance is built into the robot motors to provide thermal protection against overloads. The PTC sensors are connected to an input on the panel unit which is sensitive
to resistance level and which check that low resistance is maintained.
The robot computer checks the motors for overloading at regular intervals by reading
the panel unit register. In the event of an overload, all motors are switched off.
16
Product Manual
System Description
I/O System
4 I/O System
Communicates with other equipment using digital and analog input and output signals.
VME bus
Main computer
I/O computer
Teach
pendant
Disk
drive
RS 422
RS 232
General
Serial ports
Distributed
I/O bus
CAN/
DeviceNet
SIO2
SIO1
Customer connections
16
16
I/O
I/O
I/O
Safety signals
Ethernet
I/O
unit(s)
Field bus
slave
unit(s)
Panel
unit
Communication board
Figure 14 Overview of the I/O system.
Product Manual
17
I/O System
18
System Description
Product Manual
System Description
Safety System
5 Safety System
The robot’s safety system is based on a two-channel safety circuit that is continuously
monitored. If an error is detected, the power supply to the motors is switched off and the
brakes engage. To return the robot to MOTORS ON mode, the two identical chains of
switches must be closed. As long as these two chains differ, the robot will remain in the
MOTORS OFF mode.
Figure 15 below illustrates an outline principal circuit with available customer contacts.
LS
Solid state switches
Contactor
ES
2nd
chain
interlock
GS
Drive
unit
&
TPU En
EN
AS
RUN
M
Computer commands
Auto
Manual
Operating
mode selector
LS
= Limit switch
AS
= Automatic mode safeguarded space Stop
TPU En= Enabling device, teach pendant unit
GS
= General mode safeguarded space Stop
ES
= Emergency Stop
Figure 15 Outline diagram of one of the safety circuits.
5.1 The chain of operation
The emergency stop buttons on the operator’s panel and on the teach pendant and external
emergency stop buttons are included in the two-channel chain of operation.
A safeguarded stop, AUTO STOP, which is active in the AUTO operating mode, can be
connected by the user. In any of the MANUAL modes, the enabling device on the teach
pendant overrides the AUTO STOP.
The safeguarded stop GENERAL STOP is active in all operating modes and is connected
by the user.
The aim of these safeguarded stop functions is to make the area around the manipulator
safe while still being able to access it for maintenance and programming.
Product Manual
19
Safety System
System Description
If any of the dual switches in the safety circuit are opened, the circuit breaks, the motor
contactors drop out, and the robot is stopped by the brakes. If the safety circuit breaks,
an interrupt call is sent directly from the panel unit to the robot computer to ensure that
the cause of the interrupt is indicated.
When the robot is stopped by a limit switch, it can be moved from this position by jogging
it with the joystick while pressing the MOTORS ON button. The MOTORS ON button is
monitored and may be depressed for a maximum of 30 seconds.
LEDs for ES, AS and GS are connected to the two safety circuits to enable quick location
of the position where the safety chain is broken. The LEDs are located on the upper part of
the panel unit. Status indication is also available on the teach pendant display.
5.2 MOTORS ON and MOTORS OFF modes
The principle task of the safety circuit is to ensure that the robot goes into MOTORS
OFF mode as soon as any part of the chain is broken. The robot computer itself controls
the last switches (ENABLE and MOTORS ON).
In AUTO mode, you can switch the robot back on by pressing the MOTORS ON button on
the operator’s panel. If the circuit is OK, the robot computer then closes the MOTORS ON
relay to complete the circuit. When switching to MANUAL, the mode changes to
MOTORS OFF, at which stage the robot computer also opens the MOTORS ON relay. If
the robot mode does not change to MOTORS OFF, the ENABLE chain will break and the
ENABLE relay is opened. The safety circuit can thus be broken in two places by the robot
computer.
In any of the MANUAL modes, you can start operating again by pressing the enabling
device on the teach pendant. If the circuit is OK, the robot computer then closes the
MOTORS ON relay to complete the circuit. The function of the safety circuit can be
described as a combination of mechanical switches and robot computer controlled
relays which are all continuously monitored by the robot computer.
5.3 Safety stop signals
According to the safety standard ISO/DIS 11161 “Industrial automation systems safety of integrated manufacturing systems - Basic requirements”, there are two categories of safety stops, category 0 and category 1, see below:
The category 0 stop is to be used for safety analysis purposes, when the power supply to the
motors must be switched off immediately, such as when a light curtain, used to protect
against entry into the work cell, is passed. This uncontrolled motion stop may require special restart routines if the programmed path changes as a result of the stop.
Category 1 is preferred for safety analysis purposes, if it is acceptable, such as when
gates are used to protect against entry into the work cell. This controlled motion stop
takes place within the programmed path, which makes restarting easier.
All the robot’s safety stops are category 0 stops as default.
Safety stops of category 1 can be obtained by activating the soft stop (delayed stop)
together with AS or GS. Activation is made by setting a parameter, see User’s Guide,
section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
20
Product Manual
System Description
Safety System
5.4 Limitation of velocity
To program the robot, the operating mode switch must be turned to MANUAL
REDUCED SPEED position. Then the robot’s maximum velocity is limited to 250
mm/s.
5.5 ENABLE
ENABLE is a 24 V signal, generated in the supply unit. The signal is sent through the
robot computer, to the panel unit.
The errors that affect the Enable signal are:
• In the supply unit; errors in the input voltage.
• In the robot computer; errors in the diagnostics or servo control program.
• In the drive unit; regulating errors and overcurrent.
5.6 24 V supervision
If the 24 V supply to the safety circuits drops out, the MOTORS ON contactors will
drop out, causing the motors to switch off.
5.7 Monitoring
Monitoring is carried out using both hardware and software, and comprises the external
part of the safety circuits, including switches and operating contacts. The hardware and
software parts operate independently of each other.
The following errors may be detected:
All inputs from the safety circuits are linked to registers, which allows the robot computer to monitor the status. If an interrupt occurs in the circuit, the status can be read.
If any of the switch functions are incorrectly adjusted, causing only one of the chains
of operation to be interrupted, the robot computer will detect this. By means of hardware interlocking it is not possible to enter MOTORS ON without correcting the cause.
Product Manual
21
Safety System
22
System Description
Product Manual
System Description
External Axes
6 External Axes
Not valid for IRB 340(r)!
External axes are controlled by drive units, mounted either inside the controller or outside in a separate enclosure, see Figure 16.
The maximum of drive units mounted inside the controller is one or two, depending on
robot type.
In addition to drive units from ABB, it is also possible to communicate with external
drive units from other vendors. See Product Specification RobotWare for BaseWare
OS 3.1.
Measurement System 2
Drive System
1, inside
robot cabinet
Not supplied on delivery
Alt.
Contains
no CPU
IRB
Drive System 2 inside
external axes cabinet
Measurement
System 1
Not supplied on delivery
Figure 16 Outline diagram, external axes.
Product Manual
23
External Axes
24
System Description
Product Manual
Installation and Commissioning
CONTENTS
Page
1 Transporting and Unpacking ......................................................................................... 5
1.1 Stability / risk of tipping......................................................................................... 6
1.2 System diskettes ..................................................................................................... 6
2 On-Site Installation ......................................................................................................... 7
2.1 Lifting the manipulator and controller.................................................................... 7
2.2 Assembling the robot.............................................................................................. 10
2.2.1 Manipulator.................................................................................................. 10
2.2.2 Controller ..................................................................................................... 13
2.3 Stress forces............................................................................................................ 14
2.3.1 Stiffness........................................................................................................ 14
2.3.2 All versions .................................................................................................. 14
2.4 Amount of space required....................................................................................... 15
2.4.1 Manipulator.................................................................................................. 15
2.4.2 Controller ..................................................................................................... 16
2.5 Manually releasing the brakes ................................................................................ 17
2.6 Restricting the working space................................................................................. 19
2.6.1 Axis 1 ........................................................................................................... 19
2.6.2 Axes 2 and 3................................................................................................. 21
2.6.3 Position switch ............................................................................................. 22
2.7 Mounting holes for equipment on the manipulator ................................................ 24
2.7.1 Quality of screws for fitting extra equipment .............................................. 25
2.8 Loads ...................................................................................................................... 25
2.8.1 Break Times ................................................................................................. 25
2.9 Connecting the controller to the manipulator ......................................................... 27
2.9.1 Connection on left-hand side of cabinet ...................................................... 27
2.10 Dimensioning the safety fence ............................................................................. 27
2.11 Mains power connection....................................................................................... 28
2.11.1 Connection to the mains switch ................................................................. 28
2.11.2 Connection via a power socket .................................................................. 29
2.12 Inspection before start-up ..................................................................................... 29
2.13 Start-up ................................................................................................................. 31
2.13.1 General ....................................................................................................... 31
2.13.2 Updating the revolution counter ................................................................ 32
2.13.3 Checking the calibration position .............................................................. 36
2.13.4 Alternative calibration positions ................................................................ 36
2.13.5 Operating the robot .................................................................................... 36
3 Connecting Signals .......................................................................................................... 37
Product Manual IRB 6400R
1
Installation and Commissioning
CONTENTS
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
2
Signal classes..........................................................................................................
Selecting cables ......................................................................................................
Interference elimination .........................................................................................
Connection types ....................................................................................................
Connections ............................................................................................................
3.5.1 To screw terminal.........................................................................................
3.5.2 To connectors (option) .................................................................................
Customer connections on manipulator...............................................................
Connection to screw terminal.................................................................................
The MOTORS ON / MOTORS OFF circuit ..........................................................
Connection of safety chains ...................................................................................
3.9.1 Connection of ES1/ES2 on panel unit .........................................................
3.9.2 Connection to Motor On/Off contactors ......................................................
Page
37
37
38
38
39
39
39
41
46
47
48
49
50
3.9.3 Connection to operating mode selector .......................................................
3.9.4 Connection to brake contactor .....................................................................
3.10 External customer connections.............................................................................
3.11 External safety relay .............................................................................................
3.12 Safeguarded space stop signals ............................................................................
3.12.1 Delayed safeguarded space stop ................................................................
3.13 Available voltage ..................................................................................................
3.13.1 24 V I/O supply..........................................................................................
3.13.2 115/230 V AC supply ................................................................................
3.14 External 24 V supply ............................................................................................
3.15 Connection of extra equipment to the manipulator ..............................................
3.15.1 Connection of signal lamp on upper arm (option) .....................................
3.16 Distributed I/O units .............................................................................................
3.16.1 General.......................................................................................................
3.16.2 Sensors .......................................................................................................
50
50
51
54
55
55
55
55
56
56
57
61
61
61
62
3.16.3 Connection and address keying of the CAN-bus.......................................
3.16.4 Digital I/O DSQC 328 (optional)...............................................................
3.16.5 AD Combi I/O DSQC 327 (optional) ........................................................
3.16.6 Analog I/O DSQC 355 (optional)..............................................................
3.16.7 Encoder interface unit, DSQC 354 ............................................................
3.16.8 Relay I/O DSQC 332 .................................................................................
3.16.9 Digital 120 VAC I/O DSQC 320 ...............................................................
3.17 Gateway (Field bus) units.....................................................................................
3.17.1 RIO (Remote I/O), remote I/O for Allen-Bradley PLC DSQC 350 ..........
3.17.2 Interbus-S, slave DSQC 351......................................................................
62
64
67
70
74
77
80
83
83
85
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
CONTENTS
Page
3.17.3 Profibus-DP, slave, DSQC352 ................................................................... 88
3.18 Communication .................................................................................................... 90
3.18.1 Serial links, SIO ......................................................................................... 90
3.18.2 Ethernet communication, DSQC 336......................................................... 92
3.19 External operator’s panel...................................................................................... 94
4 Installing the Control Program...................................................................................... 95
4.1 System diskettes ..................................................................................................... 95
4.1.1 Installation procedure................................................................................... 95
4.1.2 Question about used DC-links and balancing units .................................. 96
4.2 Calibration of the manipulator................................................................................ 97
4.3 Cold start................................................................................................................. 97
4.4 How to change language, options and IRB types................................................... 97
4.5 How to use the disk, Manipulator Parameters........................................................ 98
4.5.1 Robot delivered with software installed....................................................... 98
4.5.2 Robot delivered without software installed ................................................. 98
4.6 Saving the parameters on the Controller Parameter disk ....................................... 99
5 External Axes................................................................................................................... 101
5.1 General.................................................................................................................... 101
5.2 Easy to use kits ....................................................................................................... 103
5.3 User designed external axes. .................................................................................. 104
5.3.1 DMC-C......................................................................................................... 104
5.3.2 FBU.............................................................................................................. 105
5.3.3 Measurement System ................................................................................... 106
5.3.4 Drive System................................................................................................ 110
5.3.5 Configuration Files ...................................................................................... 117
Product Manual IRB 6400R
3
Installation and Commissioning
CONTENTS
Page
4
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Transporting and Unpacking
1 Transporting and Unpacking
NB:
Before starting to unpack and install the robot, read the safety regulations and
other instructions very carefully. These are found in separate sections in the
User’s Guide and Product manual.
The installation shall be made by qualified installation personnel and should conform to all national and local codes.
When you have unpacked the robot, check that it has not been damaged during
transport or while unpacking.
If the Signal Lamp option is selected, the signal lamp is fitted under the protective
cover on axis four housing to protect it during transport.
Operating conditions:
Ambient temperature
+5 ° to + 45°C (manipulator)
+ 5° to + 52°C (controller)
Relative humidity
Max. 95% at constant temperature
Storage conditions:
If the equipment is not going to be installed straight away, it must be stored in a dry
area at an ambient temperature between -25°C and +55°C.
When air transport is used, the robot must be located in a pressure-equalized area.
The net weight of the manipulator is approximately:
Robot Type IRB 6400R M99
Weight
2,5-120
2060 kg
2,5-150
2060 kg
2,5-200
2230 kg
2,8-150
2240 kg
2,8-200
2390 kg
3,0-100
2250 kg
The control system weighs approximately: 240 kg.
Whenever the manipulator is transported, axis 2 must be bent backwards 30° and axis
3 must be moved down to a position against the rubber stops on axis 2.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
5
Transporting and Unpacking
Installation and Commissioning
1.1 Stability / risk of tipping
When the manipulator is not fastened to the floor and standing still, the manipulator is not stable in the whole working area. When the arms are moved, care must
be taken so that the centre of gravity is not displaced, as this could cause the
manipulator to tip over.
The following table shows the positions where there is a risk of tipping and refers to the
figures in chapter 3.8 in Product Specification IRB 6400R, for definition of position 0
and 5.
The new position does not refer to any figure. In this position, with axis 2 at an angle
of -35° and axis 3 at an angle of 0°, there is no risk of the manipulator tipping.
Version
Working area pos. 0
load = 0 kg load = max
Working area pos. 5
load = 0 kg load = max
NEW pos.
load = 0kg load = max
2,5-120
no
yes
yes
yes
no
no
2,5-150
no
yes
yes
yes
no
no
2,5-200
no
yes
yes
yes
no
no
2,8-150
no
yes
yes
yes
no
no
2,8-200
no
yes
yes
yes
no
no
3,0-100
no
yes
yes
yes
no
no
All other axes should have an angle of 0°.
no
yes
= stable
= risk of tipping
For Foundry (F) version, see corresponding non F-version.
1.2 System diskettes
The diskettes in the box, fixed to the shelf for the teach pendant, should be copied
(in a PC) before they are used. Never work with the original diskettes. When you have
made copies, store the originals in a safe place.
Do not store diskettes inside the controller due to the high temperatures there.
6
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
2 On-Site Installation
2.1 Lifting the manipulator and controller
If the integrated lifting ears on the front cannot be reached, the manipulator must be
reoriented to the sync position (applicable to versions 2.8-120 and 3.0-75 only).
The best way to lift the manipulator is to use four lifting straps of similar length with
hooks and a traverse crane. Attach the straps to the integrated lifting eyes on both
sides of the frame (see Figure 1). The lifting strap dimensions must comply with the
applicable standards for lifting. It is also possible to use two lifting devices (option)
for use with a fork lift truck (see Figure 2).
The following lifting instructions are valid for a “naked” robot. Whenever
additional equipment is put on the robot, the centre of gravity can change and
make lifting dangerous.
Never walk under a suspended load.
.
Crane lift for:
2,5-120 / 2.5-150 / 2,5-200 / 2,8-150 / 2,8-200 / 3,0-100
Figure 1 Lifting the manipulator using a traverse crane.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
7
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
Fork lift for:
2,5-120 / 2.5-150 / 2,5-200 / 2,8-150 / 2,8-200 / 3,0-100
400
View from the side
914
754
View from the rear
467
675
?
1280
View from above
Figure 2 Lifting the manipulator using a fork lift truck.
Crane lifting is not permitted using the fork lift arrangement.
8
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
Use the four lifting devices on the cabinet or a fork lift when lifting the controller
(see Figure 3).
If the controller is supplied
without its top cover, lifting
devices must not be used. A
fork lift truck must be used
instead.
Min. 60°
A
A-A
A
Figure 3 The maximum angle between the lifting straps when lifting the controller.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
9
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
2.2 Assembling the robot
2.2.1
Manipulator
The four support points of the manipulator foot must be mounted on four flat surfaces
with a flatness within the specification. Use shims if necessary. The rest of the surface
must be flat within ± 2 mm. Footprint diagram, see Figure 4. Floor mounted models can
be tilted max. 5o.
The levelness requirement for the surface is as follows:
243.5 (4x)
317.34 (4x)
0.5
Y
Y
317.34 (4x)
243.5 (4x)
B
R 40 0
B
Z
X
∅ 0.2
5°
37.
(4x)
A
A
°
15
(4
x)
∅ 50 (8x)
∅ 28 (8x)
120 ±0.5
15
+2
0
∅ 45 H9 (4x)
B-B
A-A
Figure 4 Bolting down the manipulator.
10
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
The manipulator is fixed with eight M24 bolts which must be tightened alternately.
Note that all eight bolts must be used.
Suitable bolts:
M24x140 Socket screw
Quality
8.8
Suitable washer:
OD = 44 mm
ID = 25 mm
T = 4 mm
Tightening torque:
775 Nm
It is recommended that the robot is mounted with M24x140, 8.8 Socket screws (3) on
two base plates (1) with four locator bushings (2), that allows the same manipulator to
be re-mounted without program adjustment (see Figure 5).
For Base Plate measures (see Figure 6).
For locator bushing measures (see Figure 4).
When bolting a mounting plate or frame to a concrete floor, follow the general
instructions for expansion-shell bolts. The screw joint must be able to withstand the
stress loads defined in Chapter 2.3 .
3
2
1
Figure 5 Base Plate.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
11
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
A-A
15
+2
0
Ø 45 H9
3x45º
+0,062
0
800
717,34
64,35
156,5
82,66
0
R max 1,2
M24(x4)
153,84
M24(x4)
127
A
70
80
A
Ø24(x6)
27
0
0
773
597
203
0
27
M16(x2)
Figure 6 base Plate Measures
To orient the robot when attaching it to the floor, three guide pins can be fitted in the
appropriate holes, Ø 8,5 mm (see Figure 5).
Ø 8,5 (3x)
Figure 7 Orientation holes
12
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
2.2.2
On-Site Installation
Controller
400
The controller may be secured to the floor using M10 screws (see the footprint drawing
below). See also Chapter 2.4 Amount of space required, before assembling the controller.
720
Product Manual IRB 6400R
13
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
2.3 Stress forces
2.3.1
Stiffness
The stiffness of the foundation must be designed to minimize the influence on the
dynamic behaviour of the robot. For optimal performance the frequency of the foundation with the robot weight must be higher than 22 Hz.
TuneServo can be used for adapting the robot tuning to a non-optimal foundation.
2.3.2
All versions
Endurance load
(In operation)
Max. load
(Emergency stop)
Force xy
±14 000 N
±38 000 N
Force z
22 000 ±8 000 N
22 000 ±19 000 N
Torque xy
± 34 000 Nm
±61 000 Nm
Torque z
±7 000 Nm (±12 000 Nm*)
±15 000 Nm
Force xy and torque xy are vectors that can have any direction in the xy plane.
Y
X
Z
Figure 8 The directions of the stress forces.
14
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
2.4 Amount of space required
The amount of working space required to operate the manipulator and controller is
illustrated in Figure 9 and Figure 10.
The working range for axis 1 is +/- 180°.
NB: There are no software or mechanical limits for the working space under the
base of the manipulator.
2.4.1 Manipulator
2.5-150
3.0
2.8
2.5
2859
2762
2600
1083
1229
305
645
909
848
1083
1229
2469
2800
2999
All dimensions refer to the wrist centre (mm)
Figure 9 The working space required for the manipulator
Product Manual IRB 6400R
15
On-Site Installation
2.4.2
Installation and Commissioning
Controller
50
800
540
Cabinet extension
Option 115
800
Extended cover
Option 114
500
250
200
950
980 *
Lifting points
for forklift
* Castor wheels
500
Figure 10 The space required for the controller.
16
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
2.5 Manually releasing the brakes
All axes come equipped with holding brakes. When the position of a manipulator axis
needs to be changed without connecting the controller, an external voltage supply
(24 V DC) must be connected to enable disengagement of the brakes. The voltage supply should be connected to the connector at the base of the manipulator (see Figure 11).
For robots with serial no. 64-15011 to 64-15015, the pins 37 (0V) and 33 (+24V)
are used to supply power for releasing the brakes.
11 ( +24V)
12 (0V)
61
72
49
60
37
48
25
36
13
24
1
12
Figure 11 Connection of external voltage to enable disengagement of the brakes.
External power must be connected as shown in Figure 11. Incorrectly connected
power can release all brakes, causing immediate movement of all axes.
When the controller or the voltage device is connected, as illustrated above, the brakes
can be released one by one by means of the push-buttons on the brake release unit on
the exterior of the axis 3 gear box. The push-buttons are marked with the appropriate
axis name. The names of the axes and their motion patterns are illustrated in Figure 12.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
17
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
WARNING: Be very careful when disengaging the brakes. The axes become activated very quickly and may cause damage or injury
.
Axis 3
Axis 4
Axis 5
6
5
4
3
2
1
Brake release
Axis 6
Axis 2
Axis 1
Figure 12 The robot axes and motion patterns.
18
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
2.6 Restricting the working space
When installing the manipulator, make sure that it can move freely within its entire
working space. If there is a risk that it may collide with other objects, its working space
should be limited, both mechanically and using software. Installation of an optional
extra stop for the main axes 1, 2 and 3 is described below.
Limiting the working space using software is described in the chapter System Parameters in the User’s Guide.
If a Process Media cabling is mounted on the manipulator the area between 100° and
180° must not be used as the main working space, due to the risk of extreme warned
out and shortened life span on the cabling, see Figure 13.
180°
100°
Restricted Working space
Figure 13 Restricted Work Space
2.6.1
Axis 1
The range of rotation for axis 1 can be limited mechanically by fitting extra mechanical
stops, with 7.5º or 15º graduation.
Instructions for doing this are supplied with the kit.
IMPORTANT! The mechanical stop pin and the extra moveable mechanical stop
arm for axis 1 must absolutely be replaced after a hard collision, if the pin or arm
has been deformed.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
19
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
Movable stop
Holes for extra stops
Fixed stop
Figure 14 Mechanically limiting axes1.
20
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
2.6.2
On-Site Installation
Axes 2 and 3
The working range of axes 2 and 3 is limited by mechanical stops and can be reduced
by adding up to six fixed mechanical stops with 15º graduation.
The stops are fitted on the inside of the frame to each axis.
Extra stops must be fitted in a row, starting at the fixed stop.
When fitting extra stops, the cams for the position switch should not be mounted in
position.
Holes for extra stops
Cams
Figure 15 Mechanically limiting axes 2 and 3.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
21
On-Site Installation
2.6.3
Installation and Commissioning
Position switch
There are position switches fitted on axes 1-3. Instructions for fitting and adjusting the
cams and stops follow below.
The cams are mounted in whole lengths and must therefore be cut to suit the application. Use a sharp knife and a rubber hammer, for example.
It is important that the entry edge on the cam is chamfered to an angle of max. 30°. If
the angle is larger there is a risk of damaging the position switch (see Figure 16).
The ends of the cam, that are in the channel of the profile, must be cut at an angle of
90° so that the contact area for the stop is as large as possible (see Figure 17).
When fitting the cam, it is important that the edges on the openings at the ends of the
profile are properly chamfered.
The cam stop comprises an M5 nut with an M5 x 6 stop screw. When the screw is
tighten into the material at the bottom of the profile, the nut is pushed up to the top of
the channel and forms a lock for the cam (see Figure 17).
1. Cam stop
3
M5 nut
M5 x 6 stop screw
2. Adjustable cam
3. Profile
30°
1
2
Figure 16 Adjusting and locking the cams for the position breaker; the figure shows the position
breaker for axis 2.
22
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
Remove
30°
90°
Figure 17 Cutting the cam.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
23
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
2.7 Mounting holes for equipment on the manipulator
NB: Never drill a hole in the manipulator without first consulting maintenance
staff or the design department at ABB Flexible Automation.
A
A
D
E
D
E
M10 (2x) See E-E
M10 (4x)
B
B
C
C
104 for “Hole 1”
93 for “Hole 2”
See E-E
50
175
685 (/2.5-X)
1030 (/2.8-X)
1235 (/3.0-X)
A-A
F
112
80
282
M10 (2x)
M10 (2x)
B-B
378
F
C-C
(View F-F on
the next page
260
93
50
M10 (4x) Depth 20
75
M10 (2x)
25
“Hole 2”
“Hole 1”
180
D-D
150
E-E
Figure 18 Holes for mounting extra equipment (dimensions in mm).
24
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
30o
8
D=10 H7 Depth 10
M10 (6x) Depth 18
D=80 H7
D=160 h7
60o
D=125
8
Figure 19 The mechanical interface (mounting flange) ISO 9409 (dimensions in mm).
2.7.1
Quality of screws for fitting extra equipment
When fitting tools on the manipulator’s mounting flange (see above), use only screws
with quality of 12.9. When fitting other equipment, standard screws with quality 8.8
can be used.
2.8 Loads
It is important to define the loads properly (with regard to the position of centre of gravity and inertia factor) in order to avoid jolting movements and unnecessary stops due
to overloaded motors.
For more information see chapter 3.4 in Product Specification IRB 6400R (Technical
specification) for load diagrams, permitted extra loads (equipment) and their positions.
The loads must also be defined in the software, see User´s Guide.
2.8.1
Break Times
For information about Brake Times, please contact SEROP Support.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
25
On-Site Installation
26
Installation and Commissioning
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
2.9 Connecting the controller to the manipulator
Two cables are used to connect the controller to the manipulator, one for measuring
signals and the other for motor and brakes.
The connection on the manipulator is located on the rear of the robot base.
2.9.1
Connection on left-hand side of cabinet
The cables are connected to the left side of the cabinet using an industrial connector
and a Burndy connector (see Figure 20). A connector is designated XP when it has
pins (male) and XS when it has sockets (female). A screwed connection is designated XT.
Motor cable, XP1
XS1
XS2
Measurement cable, XP2
Figure 20 Connections on the cabinet wall.
2.10 Dimensioning the safety fence
A safety fence must be fitted around the robot to ensure a safe robot installation. The
fence must be dimensioned to withstand the force created if the load being handled
by the robot is dropped or released at maximum speed. The maximum speed is
determined from the max. velocities of the robot axes and from the position at which
the robot is working in the workcell. See Product Specification, section 3.8. The
max. speed for a load mounted on the IRB 6400R is 8 m/s.
Product Manual IRB 6400
27
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
2.11 Mains power connection
Before starting to connect the mains, make sure that the other end of the cable is
disconnected from the line voltage.
The power supply can be connected either inside the cabinet, or to a optional socket on
the left-hand side of the cabinet or the lower section of the front. The cable connector
is supplied but not the cable. The mains supply cables and fuses should be dimensioned
in accordance with rated power and line voltage, see rating plate on the controller.
2.11.1 Connection to the mains switch
Remove the left cover plate under the top lid. Pull the mains cable (outer diam. 10.20
mm) through the gland (see Figure 21), located on the left cabinet wall.
XT 26
PE
Cable gland
Connector
Figure 21 Mains connection inside the cabinet.
Connect as below (also see chapter 11, Circuit Diagram.):
1. Release the connector from the knob by pressing in the red button located on the
upper side of the connector (see Figure 21).
2. Connect phase
1 to L1 (N.B. Not dependent on phase sequence)
2 to L2
3 to L3
0 to XT26.N(line neutral is needed only for option 432)
and protective earth to
NOTE!
Max. cunductor size is 6 mm2 (AWG 10). Tighten torque 2.3-2.5 Nm.
Retighten after approx. 1 week.
3. Snap the breaker on to the knob again and check that it is fixed properly in the right
position.
4. Tighten the cable gland.
5. Fasten the cover plate.
28
Product Manual IRB 6400
Installation and Commissioning
2.11.2
On-Site Installation
Connection via a power socket
You can also connect the mains supply via an optional wall socket of type CEE 3x16 and
3x32 A, or via an industrial Harting connector (DIN 41 640). See Figure 22.
Cable connectors are supplied (option 133 - 134).
CEE connector
DIN connector
Figure 22 Mains connection via an optional wall socket.
2.12 Inspection before start-up
Note! The controller is not to be moved when it is powered on, due to the risk off
seriously damaging the hard disk.
Before switching on the power supply, check that the following have been performed:
1. The robot has been properly mechanically mounted and is stable
2. The controller mains section is protected with fuses.
3. The electrical connections are correct and corresponds to the identification plate on
the controller.
4. The teach pendant and peripheral equippment are properly connected.
5. That limiting devices that establish the restricted space (when utilized) are installed.
6. The physical environment is as specified.
7. The operating mode selector on the operator’s panel is in Manual mode position.
When external safety devices are used check that these have been connected or that the
following circuits in either XS3 (connector on the outside left cabinet wall) or X1-X4
(screw terminals on the panel unit) are strapped:
External limit switches
External emergency stop
External emergency stop, internal 24 V
General stop +
General stop Auto stop +
Auto stop Motor off clamping
Product Manual IRB 6400
XS3
A5-A6, B5-B6
A3-A4, B3-B4
A1-A2, B1-B2
A11-A12, B11-B12
A13-A14, B13-B14
A7-A8, B7-B8
A9-A10, B9-10
A15-A16, B15-16
Panel unit
X1.3-4, X2.3-4
X1.9-10, X2.9-10
X1.7-8, X2.7-8
X3.10-12, X4.10-12
X3.7-8, X4.7-8
X3.11-12, X4.11-12
X3.7-9, X4.7-9
X1.5-6, X2.5-6
29
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
For more information, see Chapter 3.8, The MOTORS ON / MOTORS OFF circuit and
Chapter 3.9, Connection of safety chains.
30
Product Manual IRB 6400
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
2.13 Start-up
2.13.1
General
1. Switch on the mains switch on the cabinet.
2. The robot performs its self-test on both the hardware and software. This test takes
approximately 1 minute.
If the robot is supplied with software already installed, proceed to pos. 3 below. Otherwise continue as follows (no software installed):
- Connect the batteries for memory backup (see Figure 23).
- Install the software as described in Chapter 4, Installing the Control Program.
Batteries
Connect the batteries
to the connectors X3
and X4, situated below
the batteries.
Figure 23 Location of batteries, view from above.
3. A welcome message is shown on the teach pendant display.
4. To switch from MOTORS OFF to MOTORS ON, press the enabling device on the
teach pendant.
5. Update the revolution counters according to 2.13.2.
6. Check the calibration position according to section 2.13.3.
7. When the controller with the manipulator electrically connected are powered up for
the first time, ensure that the power supply is connected for at least 36 hours continuously, in order to fully charge the batteries for the serial measurement board.
After having checked the above, verify that
8. the start, stop and mode selection (including the key lock switches) control devices
function as intended.
9. each axis moves and is restricted as intended.
Product Manual IRB 6400
31
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
10. emergency stop and safety stop (where included) circuits and devices are functional.
11. it is possible to disconnect and isolate the external power sources.
12.the teach and playback facilities function correctly.
13.the safeguarding is in place.
14.in reduced speed, the robot operates properly and has the capability to handle the
product or workpiece, and
15.in automatic (normal) operation, the robot operates properly and has the capability
to perform the intended task at the rated speed and load.
16.The robot is now ready for operation.
2.13.2
Updating the revolution counter
When pressing the enabling device on a new robot, a message will be displayed on the
teach pendant telling you that the revolution counters are not updated. When such a
message appears, the revolution counter of the manipulator must be updated using the
calibration marks on the manipulator (see Figure 28).
Examples of when the revolution counter must be updated:
- when one of the manipulator axes has been manually moved with the controller disconnected.
- when the battery (on the manipulator) is discharged.
(it takes 36 hours with the mains switch on to recharge the battery)
- when there has been a resolver error
- when the signal between the resolver and the measuring panel unit has been
interrupted
WARNING:
Working inside the robot working range is dangerous.
Press the enabling device on the teach pendant and, using the joystick, manually move
the robot so that the calibration marks lie within the tolerance zone (see Figure 28).
When all axes have been positioned as above, the revolution counter settings are stored
using the teach pendant, as follows:
32
Product Manual IRB 6400
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
1. Press the Misc. window key (see Figure 24).
1
2
P1
7
8
9
4
1
5
2
0
6
3
P2
P3
Figure 24 The Misc. window key from which the Service window can be chosen.
Product Manual IRB 6400
33
On-Site Installation
Installation and Commissioning
2. Select Service in the dialog box shown on the display.
3. Press Enter
.
4. Then, choose View: Calibration. The window in Figure 25 appears.
File
Edit
View
Calib
Service Calibration
Unit
Status
1(1)
IRB
Not rev. counter update
Figure 25 This window shows the status of the revolution counters.
If there are several units connected to the robot, these will be listed in the window.
5. Select the desired unit in the window, as in Figure 25. Choose Calib: Rev. Counter
Update. The window in Figure 26 appears.
Rev. Counter Update!
IRB
To calibrate, include axes and press OK.
Axis
Status
1(6)
X
X
X
X
1
2
3
4
5
6
Incl
Not updated
Not updated
Calibrated
Calibrated
Not updated
Not updated
All
Rev. Counter
Rev. Counter
Rev. Counter
Rev. Counter
Cancel
OK
Figure 26 The dialog box used to select axes whose revolution counters are to be updated.
6. Press the function key All to select all axes if all axes are to be updated. Otherwise,
select the desired axis and press the function key Incl (the selected axis is marked
with an x).
34
Product Manual IRB 6400
Installation and Commissioning
On-Site Installation
7. Confirm by pressing OK. A window like the one in Figure 27 appears.
Rev. Counter Update!
IRB
The Rev. Counter for all marked axes
will be update.
It cannot be undone.
OK to continue?
Cancel
OK
Figure 27 The dialog box used to start updating the revolution counter.
8. Start the update by pressing OK.
If a revolution counter is incorrectly updated, it will cause incorrect positioning.
Thus, check the calibration very carefully after each update. Incorrect updating
can damage the robot system or injure someone.
9. Check the calibration as described in Chapter 2.13.3, Checking the calibration position.
10.Save the system parametrs on floppy disk.
-
*)
*) axis number
+
Figure 28 Calibration marks on the manipulator.
Product Manual IRB 6400
35
On-Site Installation
2.13.3
Installation and Commissioning
Checking the calibration position
There are two ways to check the calibration position and they are described below.
Using the diskette, Controller Parameters:
Run the program \ SERVICE \ CALIBRAT \ CAL 6400 on the diskette, follow intructions displayed on the teach pendant. When the robot stops, switch to MOTORS OFF.
Check that the calibration marks for each axis are at the same level, see Figure 28. If
they are not, the setting of the revolution counters must be repeated.
Using the Jogging window on the teach pendant:
Open the Jogging window
and choose running axis-by-axis. Using the joystick,
move the robot so that the read-out of the positions is equal to zero. Check that the calibration marks for each axis are at the same level, see Figure 28. If they are not, the setting of the revolution counters must be repeated.
2.13.4
Alternative calibration positions
See chapter 12, Repairs.
2.13.5
Operating the robot
Starting and operating the robot is described in the User’s Guide. Before start-up, make
sure that the robot cannot collide with any other objects in the working space.
36
Product Manual IRB 6400
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3 Connecting Signals
3.1 Signal classes
Power – supplies external motors and brakes.
Control signals – digital operating and data signals (digital I/O, safety stops, etc.).
Measuring signals – analog measuring and control signals (resolver and analog I/O).
Data communication signals – Gateway (Field bus) connection, computer link.
Different rules apply to the different classes when selecting and laying cable. Signals
from different classes must not be mixed.
3.2 Selecting cables
All cables laid in the controller must be capable of withstanding 70o C. In addition, the
following rules apply to the cables of certain signal classes:
Power signals -Shielded cable with an area of at least 0.75 mm2 or AWG 18. Note that
any local standards and regulations concerning insulation and area must always be
complied with.
Control signals – Shielded cable.
Measuring signals – Shielded cable with twisted pair conductors.
Data communication signals – Shielded cable with twisted pair conductors. A specific cable should be used for Gateway (Field bus) connections.
CAN bus with DeviceNet for distributing I/O units;
Thin cable according to DeviceNet specification release 1.2, must be used, e.g. ABB
article no. 3HAB 8277-1. The cable is screened and has four conductors, two for electronic supply and two for signal transmission.
Note that a separate cable for supply of I/O load is required.
Allen-Bradley Remote I/O;
Cables according to Allen-Bradley specification, e.g. “Blue hose”, should be used for
connections between DSQC 350 and the Allen-Bradley PLC bus.
Interbus-S:
Cables according to Phönix specification, e.g. “Green type”, should be used for connections between the DSQC 351 and external Interbus-S bus.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
37
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
Profibus DP:
Cables according to Profibus DP specification should be used for connections between
the I/O unit DSQC 352 and the external Profibus DP bus.
3.3 Interference elimination
Internal relay coils and other units that can generate interference inside the controller
are neutralised. External relay coils, solenoids, and other units must be clamped in a
similar way. Figure 29 illustrates how this can be done.
Note that the turn-off time for DC relays increases after neutralisation, especially if a
diode is connected across the coil. Varistors give shorter turn-off times. Neutralising the
coils lengthens the life of the switches that control them.
+0 V
+24 V DC
The diode should be dimensioned for the
same current as the relay coil, and a voltage
of twice the supply voltage.
The varistor should be dimensioned for the
same energy as the relay coil, and a voltage of
twice the supply voltage.
+24 V DC, or AC voltage
+0 V
R
C
R 100 ohm, 1W
C 0.1 - 1 µF
> 500 V max voltage
125 V nominal voltage
Figure 29 Examples of clamping circuits to suppress voltage transients.
3.4 Connection types
I/O, external emergency stops, safety stops, etc., can be supplied on screwed connections or as industrial connectors.
Designation
38
X(T)
Screwed terminal
XP
Male (pin)
XS
Sockets (female)
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3.5 Connections
Detailed information about connection locations and functions will be found in chapter
11, Circuit Diagram.
3.5.1 To screw terminal
Panel unit and I/O units are provided with keyed screw terminals for cables with an
area between 0.25 and 1.5 mm2. A maximum of two cables may be used in any one
connection. The cable screen must be connected to the cabinet wall using EMC. It
should be noted that the screen must continue right up to the screw terminal.
The installation should comply with the IP54 (NEMA 12) protective standard.
Bend unused conductors backwards and attach them to the cable using a clasp, for
example. In order to prevent interference, ensure that such conductors are not connected at the other end of the cable (antenna effect). In environments with much interference, disconnected conductors should be grounded (0 V) at both ends.
3.5.2
To connectors (option)
Industrial connectors with 4x16 pins for contact crimping (complies with DIN 43652)
can be found on the left-hand side or front of the cabinet (depending on the customer
order) See Figure 30 and Figure 21.
In each industrial connector there is space for four rows of 16 conductors with a maximum conductor area of 1.5 mm2. The pull-relief clamp must be used when connecting
the shield to the case.
The manipulator arm is equipped with round Burndy/Framatome connectors (customer
connector not included).
Bend unused conductors backwards and attach them to the cable using a clasp, for
example. In order to prevent interference, ensure that such conductors are not connected at the other end of the cable (antenna effect). In environments with much interference, disconnected conductors should be grounded (0 V) at both ends.
When contact crimping industrial connectors, the following applies:
Using special tongs, press a pin or socket on to each non-insulated conductor.
The pin can then be snapped into the actual contact.
Push the pin into the connector until it locks.
Also, see instructions from contact supplier.
A special extractor tool must be used to remove pins from industrial connectors.
When two conductors must be connected to the same pin, both of them are pressed into
the same pin. A maximum of two conductors may be pressed into any one pin.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
39
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
Space for cable glands
XS 3 (safety)
Prepared for further
connectors
XS 5 CP, CS, CANBUS
XS17,
CAN bus connector
XS 7 (external axes)
XS 8, Position switch 1
XS 58, Position switch 2, 3
XS 2, Measurement system
cable
XS 1, Motor cable
Figure 30 Positions for connections on the left-hand side of the controller.
40
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3.6 Customer connections on manipulator
The hose for compressed air is integrated into the manipulator. There is an inlet at the
base and an outlet on the upper arm housing or on the movable part of the upper arm.
Connection: G 1/2” on the upper arm and G 1/2” at the base.
For connection of extra equipment on the manipulator, there are cables running parallel
to the manipulator’s cable harness with one Burndy 12-pin UTD 71412 SHT and one
Burndy 4-pin UTD 7104 SHT connector on the movable part of the upper arm and arm
housing.
Number of signals with CANBUS: 10 signals (50 V, 250 mA), 2 power signals
(250 V, 8 A).
With CANBUS
R2.CAIR
R2.CP
R3.CANBUS
R2.CS
R2.CAIR
R2.CP
R2.CS
R3.CANBUS
Figure 31 Location of customer connections on upper arm / arm housing.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
41
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
With INTERBUS-S / PROFIBUS
R2.CAIR
R2.CP
R3.IBUS / PBUS
R2.CS
R2.CAIR
R2.CP
R2.CS
R3.IBUS / PBUS
Figure 32 Location of customer connections on upper arm / arm housing.
R1.CP/CS
R1.MP
R1.SW1
R1.WELD
R1.PROC3
R1.SMB
R1.PROC2
R1.SW2/3
R1.PROC1
R1.CAIR
Figure 33 Location of customer connections on base
42
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
To connect to the power and signal cables from the connection unit to the manipulator
base and on the upper arm, the following parts are recommended:
Connector R1.CP/CS. Signals on manipulator base. (Regarding Item No. see
Figure 34). Included in delivery.
Item
Name
ABB art. no.
Type
Comments
1
Adapter Plate
3HAC 5118-2
DIN 43 652
AMP
2
Hood
3HAC 5834-1
DIN 43 652
AMP/Harting
(PG 29)
3
Compression gland
3HAC 5680-1
4
Socket housing
D-Sub 3-pole.
3HAC 5119-3
DIN 43 652
5
Socket housing
D-Sub 9-pole.
3HAC 5119-7
DIN 43 652
6
Socket housing
D-Sub 25-pole.
3HAC 5119-9
DIN 43 652
Hellerman
(PG 29 )
Connector R2.CS Signal and on the upper arm. (Regarding Item No. see Figure
35)
Item
Name
ABB art. no.
Type
Comments
1
Socket con. 12p
3HAB 7290-12
UT 0714 12 SHT
Burndy
3
Socket
See Pin and
Socket table
below
4
Pin con. 12p
3HAA 2602-2
5217 649-7
UT 061412 P04T
UTG 61412 PN
Burndy EMC
Burndy
5
Pin
See Pin and
Socket table
below
6
Adaptor
3HAA 2601-2
5217 1038-3
UTG 14 ADT
UTG 14 AD
Burndy EMC
Burndy
7
Cable clamp
5217 649-8
UTG 14 PG
Burndy
Product Manual IRB 6400R
43
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
Connector R3.CP Power signals on the upper arm. (Regarding Item No. see Figure
35)
44
Item
Name
ABB art. no.
Type
Comments
1
Socket con. 8p
3HAB 7290-4
UT 07104 SHT
Burndy
3
Socket
See Pin and
Socket table
below
4
Pin con. 4p
5217 649-43
UT 06104 P04T
UTG 6104 PN
Burndy EMC
Burndy
5
Pin
See Pin and
Socket table
below
6
Adaptor
5217 649-44
UTG 10 ADT
UTG 10 AD
Burndy EMC
Burndy
7
Cable clamp
5217 649-78
UTG 10 PG
Burndy
Name
ABB part no.
Type
Comments
Pin
5217 649-72
5217 649-25
5217 649-70
5217 649-3
5217 649-68
5217 649-10
5217 649-31
24/26
24/26
20/22
20/22
16/20
24/26
16/20
Burndy Machine tooling
Burndy Hand tooling
Burndy Machine tooling
Burndy Hand tooling
Burndy Machine tooling
Burndy Ground
Burndy Ground
Socket
5217 649-73
5217 649-26
5217 649-71
5217 649-69
5217 1021-4
24/26
24/26
20/22
16/18
DIN 43 652
5217 1021-5
DIN 43 652
Burndy Machine tooling
Burndy Hand tooling
Burndy Machine tooling
Burndy Machine tooling
Tin bronze (CuSu)
0.14 - 0.5mm2 AWG 20-26
Tin bronze (CuSu)
0.5 - 1.5mm2 AWG 16-20
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
5
2
6
3
1
4
Figure 34 Customer connector
Customer side
4, 5
Manipulator side
1, 3
8
6
7
Figure 35 Burndy connector
Product Manual IRB 6400R
45
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
3.7 Connection to screw terminal
Sockets with screwed connections for customer I/O, external safety circuits, customer
sockets on the robot, external supply to electronics.
Signal identification
Location
Safeguarded stop
Digital I/O
Combi I/O
Relay I/O
RIO I/O
SIO 1, SIO 2
CAN1 (internal unit)
CAN 2 (manipulator, I/O units)
CAN 3 (external I/O units)
24 V supply (2 A fuse)
115/230 V AC supply
Panel unit
I/O unit
I/O unit
I/O unit
I/O unit
Backplane
Panel unit
Backplane
Backplane
Terminals
X1 - X4
X1 - X4
X1 - X4, X6
X1 - X4
X1, X2
X1, X2
X9
X16
X10
XT31
XT21
Location of socket terminals are shown below. See also circuit diagram, “View of control cabinet”, for more details.
X1 (SIO1)
Backplane
X2 (SIO2)
X10 (CAN3)
I/O units (x4)
X16 (CAN2)
Panel unit
WARNING
REMOVE JUMPERS BEFORE CONNECTING
ANY EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT
MS NS
EN
ES1 ES2 GS1 GS2 AS1 AS2
X1 - 4
safety signals
X5
XT5, customer signals
XT6, customer power
XT8, XT58 position switch
X8
X6 CONTROL PANEL
X9 (CAN1))
XT21 (115/230 VAC supply)
XT31 (24V supply)
Figure 36 Screw terminal locations.
46
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3.8 The MOTORS ON / MOTORS OFF circuit
To set the robot to MOTORS ON mode, two identical chains of switches must be closed. If any
switch is open, the robot will switch to MOTORS OFF mode. As long as the two chains are not
identical, the robot will remain in MOTORS OFF mode.
Figure 37 shows an outline principal diagram of the available customer connections, AS, GS and
ES.
LS
Solid state switches
Contactor
ES
2nd
chain
interlock
GS
TPU En
&
EN RUN
Computer commands
AS
Auto
Operating
mode selector
Drive
unit
Manual
M
LS
= Limit switch
AS
= Automatic mode safeguarded space Stop
TPU En= Enabling device, teach pendant unit
GS
= General mode safeguarded space Stop
ES
= Emergency Stop
Figure 37 MOTORS ON /MOTORS OFF circuit.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
47
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
3.9 Connection of safety chains
24 V *
X3:12
X4:12
24 V
Ext LIM1
X1:4 3
K1
0V
see 3.9.1
ES1
X3:10
8
+ Opto
isol.
-
GS1
&
TPU En1
11
9
+ Opto
isol.
-
EN
RUN
AS1
Auto1
K1
Interlocking
K2
Man1
External contactors
X2:5 6
CONT1
0V
X1:5
24 V
6
CONT2
Ext LIM2
X2:4 3
0V
K2
24V
see 3.9.1
8
Drive unit
ES2
X4:10
+ Opto
isol.
-
GS2
M
&
TPU En2
11
+
9
-
Opto AS2
isol.
Technical data per chain
Auto2
Man2
X3:7 *
X4:7
0V
*)
Supply from internal 24V (X3/X4:12) and 0 V (X3/
X4:7) is displayed.
When external supply of GS and AS, X3/X4:10,11 is
connected to 24 V and X3/X4:8,9 is connected to
external 0 V
X1-X4 connection tables, see section 3.10.
Limit switch: load
max. V drop
300 mA
1V
External contactors: load
max. V drop
10 mA
4V
GS/AS load at 24V
25 mA
GS/AS closed “1”
> 18 V
GS/AS open “0”
<5V
External supply of GS/AS
max. +35VDC
min. -35VDC
Max. potential relative to
the cabinet earthing and
other group of signals
300 V
Signal class
control signals
Figure 38 Diagram showing the two-channel safety chain.
48
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
3.9.1
Connecting Signals
Connection of ES1/ES2 on panel unit
External
24V 0V
Internal
24V 0V
TPU
External
Cabinet
X1:9
X1:10
E-stop relay
X1:7
Supply from internal 24V
(X1/X2:10) and 0V (X1/
X2:7) is displayed. When
external supply, X1/X2:9
is connected to ext. 24V
and X1/X2:8 is connected
to ext. 0V (dotted lines).
External
0V 24V
Chain 1
X1:8
X1:2
ES1 out
X1:1
Internal
0V 24V External
TPU
Cabinet
X2:9
X2:10
E-stop relay
Chain 2
X2:8
X2:7
Technical data
ES1 and 2 out max. voltage
120 VAC or 48 VDC
ES1 and 2 out max. current
120 VAC: 4 A
48 VDC L/R: 50 mA
24 VDC L/R: 2 A
24 VDC R load: 8 A
External supply of ES relays =
min. 22 V between terminals X1:9,8 and
X2:9,8 respectively
Rated current per chain
40 mA
Max. potential relative to the
cabinet earthing and other
groups of signals
300 V
Signal class
control signals
X2:2
ES2 out
X2:1
Figure 39 Terminals for emergency circuits.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
49
Connecting Signals
3.9.2
Installation and Commissioning
Connection to Motor On/Off contactors
K1 (Motor On/Off 1)
Technical data
K2 (Motor On/Off 2)
Max. voltage
48V DC
Max. current
4A
Max. potential relative to the cabinet
earthing and other
groups of signals
X3:2
1
X4:2
1
Signal class
300V
control
Figure 40 Terminals for customer use.
3.9.3
Connection to operating mode selector
X3:3
Auto1
4
5
MAN1
6
100%
X4:3
Auto2
4
5
MAN2
100%
Technical data
Max. voltage
48V DC
Max. current
4A
Max. potential relative to the cabinet
earthing and other
groups of signals
300V
Signal class
control
6
Figure 41 Terminals customer use.
3.9.4
Connection to brake contactor
Technical data
K3 (Brake)
X1:12
11
Max. voltage
48V DC
Max. current
4A
Max. potential relative to the cabinet
earthing and other
groups of signals
Signal class
300V
control
Figure 42 Terminal for customer use.
50
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3.10 External customer connections
Customer contacts, on panel unit: X1- X4.
WARNING!
REMOVE JUMPERS BEFORE CONNECTING
ANY EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT
EN
X1
X2
MS NS
ES1 ES2 GS1 GS2 AS1 AS2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Chain status
LED´s
X3
X4
= jumper
Customer connections: X1 - X4, located on the panel unit.
The signal names refer to the circuit diagram in chapter 11.
X1
Signal name
Pin
Comment
ES1 out:B
1
Emergency stop out chain 1
ES1 out:A
2
Emergency stop out chain 1
Ext. LIM1:B
3
External limit switch chain 1
Ext. LIM1:A
4
External limit switch chain 1
0V
5
0V external contactor 1
CONT1
6
External contactor 1
Int. 0V ES1
7
Internal supply 0V of emergency stop chain 1
Ext. 0V ES1
8
External supply 0V of emergency stop chain 1
Ext. ES1 IN
9
External emergency stop in chain 1
Ext. ES1 OUT
10
External emergency stop out chain 1
Ext. BRAKE B
11
Contactor for external brake
Ext. BRAKE A
12
Contactor for external brake
Product Manual IRB 6400R
51
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
X2
Signal name
Pin
Comment
ES2 out:B
1
Emergency stop out chain 2
ES2 out:A
2
Emergency stop out chain 2
Ext. LIM2:B
3
External limit switch chain 2
Ext. LIM2:A
4
External limit switch chain 2
24V panel
5
24V external contactor 2
CONT2
6
External contactor 2
Int. 24V ES2
7
Internal supply 24V of emergency stop chain 2
Ext. 24V ES2
8
External supply 24V of emergency stop chain 2
Ext. ES2 IN
9
External emergency stop in chain 2
Ext. ES2 OUT
10
External emergency stop out chain 2
11
Not used
12
Not used
X3
Signal name
52
Pin
Comment
Ext. MON 1:B
1
Motor contactor 1
Ext. MON 1:A
2
Motor contactor 1
Ext. com 1
3
Common 1
Ext. auto 1
4
Auto 1
Ext. man 1
5
Manual 1
Ext. man FS 1
6
Manual full speed 1
0V
7
0V to auto stop and general stop
GS1-
8
General stop minus chain 1
AS1-
9
Auto stop minus chain 1
GS1+
10
General stop plus chain 1
AS1+
11
Auto stop plus chain 1
24V panel
12
24V to auto stop and general stop
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
X4
Signal name
Pin
Comment
Ext. MON 2:B
1
Motor contactor 2
Ext. MON 2:A
2
Motor contactor 2
Ext. com 2
3
Common 2
Ext. auto 2
4
Auto 2
Ext. man 2
5
Manual 2
Ext. man FS 2
6
Manual full speed 2
0V
7
0V to auto stop and general stop
GS2-
8
General stop minus chain 2
AS2-
9
Auto stop minus chain 2
GS2+
10
General stop plus chain 2
AS2+
11
Auto stop plus chain 2
24V panel
12
24V to auto stop and general stop
Product Manual IRB 6400R
53
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
3.11 External safety relay
The Motor On/Off mode in the controller can operate with external equipment if external
relays are used. Two examples are shown below.
Panel unit
Relays with positive action
X2:6
CONT2
24 V X2:5
Ext MON 2
X4:2
0V
K2
X4:1
X3:2
K1
Ext MON 1
X3:1
24 V
0 V X1:5
CONT1 X1:6
Robot 1
Robot 2
(only one channel displayed)
External
supply
AS GS
AS GS
ES out
ES out
Safety relay
External
supply
Cell ES
To other
equipment
Safety gate
Figure 43 Diagram for using external safety relays.
54
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3.12 Safeguarded space stop signals
According to the safety standard ISO/DIS 11161 “Industrial automation systems - safety
of integrated manufacturing systems - Basic requirements”, there are two categories of
safety stops, category 0 and category 1, see below:
The category 0 stop is to be used when, for safety analysis purposes, the power supply to the
motors must be switched off immediately, such as when a light curtain, used to protect against
entry into the work cell, is passed. This uncontrolled motion stop may require special restart
routines if the programmed path changes as a result of the stop.
Category 1 is to be preferred, if accepted for safety analysis purposes, such as when gates
are used to protect against entry into the work cell. This controlled motion stop takes place
within the programmed path, which makes restarting easier.
3.12.1
Delayed safeguarded space stop
All the robot’s safety stops are as default category 0 stops.
Safety stops of category 1 can be obtained by activating the delayed safeguarded space
stop together with AS or GS. A delayed stop gives a smooth stop. The robot stops in the
same way as a normal program stop with no deviation from the programmed path. After
approx. 1 second the power supply to the motors is shut off. The function is activated by
setting a parameter, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Note! To ensure MOTORS OFF status, the activating switch must be kept open for
more than one second. If the switch is closed within the delay, the robot stops and will
remain in MOTORS ON mode.
3.13 Available voltage
3.13.1
24 V I/O supply
The robot has a 24 V supply available for external and internal use.
This voltage is used in the robot for supplying the drive unit fans and the manipulator
brakes.
The 24 V I/O is not galvanically separated from the rest of the controller voltages.
Technical data
Voltage
Ripple
Permitted customer load
Current limit
Short-circuit current
Product Manual IRB 6400R
24.0 - 26.4 V
Max. 0.2 V
Max. 6 A (7.5 A if DSQC 374)
Max. 18 A (12 A if DSQC 374)
Max. 13 A (average value)(~ 0 A if DSQC 374)
55
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
24 V I/O available for customer connections at:
XT.31.2
XT.31.1
XT.31.4
3.13.2
24 V (via 2 A fuse)
for own fuses, max. fuse size is 2 A to ensure breaking at short circuit
Note! DSQC 374 can not trip any fuses.
0 V (connected to cabinet structure)
115/230 V AC supply
The robot has a AC supply available for external and internal use.
This voltage is used in the robot for supplying optional service outlets.
The AC supply is not galvanically separated from the rest of the controller voltages.
Technical data
Voltage
Permitted customer load
Fuse size
115 or 230 V
Max. 500 VA
3.15 A (230 V), 6.3 A (115 V)
AC supply is available for customer connections at:
XT.21.1-5
XT.21.6-8
XT.21.9-13
230 V (3.15 A)
115 V (6.3 A)
N (connected to cabinet structure)
3.14 External 24 V supply
An external supply must be used in the following cases:
• When the internal supply is insufficient
• When the emergency stop circuits must be independent of whether or not the robot
has power on, for example.
• When there is a risk that major interference can be carried over into the internal
24 V supply
An external supply is recommended to make use of the advantages offered by the
galvanic insulation on the I/O units or on the panel unit.
The neutral wire in the external supply must be connected in such a way as to prevent the
maximum permitted potential difference in the chassis earth being exceeded. For example,
a neutral wire can be connected to the chassis earth of the controller, or some other common
earthing point.
Technical data:
Potential difference to chassis earth:
Permitted supply voltage:
56
Max. 60 V continuous
Max. 500 V for 1 minute
I/O units 19 - 35 V including ripple
panel unit 20.6 - 30 V including ripple
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3.15 Connection of extra equipment to the manipulator
Technical data for customer connections
Customer Power CP
Conductor area
Max. voltage
Max. current
1.0 mm2
250 V AC
8A
Customer Signals CS
Conductor area
Max. voltage
Max. current
0.241 mm2
50 V AC / DC
250 mA
With CANBUS
R2.CAIR
R2.CP
R3.CANBUS
R3.PROFIBUS
R3.INTERBUS-S
R2.CS
R2.CAIR
R2.CP
R2.CS
R3.CANBUS
R3.PROFIBUS
R3.INTERBUS-S
Figure 44 Location of customer connections on upper arm / arm housing.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
57
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
With CANBUS
Signal name
Customer terminal Customer connector on
controller,
manipulator base, R1
see Figure 36
(cable not supplied)
Customer connector on upper arm/
arm housing, R3
Power supply
CPF
CPJ
PE
XT6.1
XT6.2
XT6.3
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.3
(3p D-Sub)
(3p D-Sub)
(3p D-Sub)
R2.CP.A
R2.CP.B
R2.CP.C
Signals
CSA
CSB
CSC
CSD
CSE
CSF
CSG
CSH
CSJ
CSK
XT5.1
XT5.2
XT5.3
XT5.3
XT5.5
XT5.6
XT5.7
XT5.8
XT5.9
XT5.10
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.3
R1.CP/CS.4
R1.CP/CS.5
R1.CP/CS.6
R1.CP/CS.7
R1.CP/CS.8
R1.CP/CS.9
R1.CP/CS.10
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
R3.CS.A
R3.CS.B
R3.CS.C
R3.CS.D
R3.CS.E
R3.CS.F
R3.CS.G
R3.CS.H
R3.CS.J
R3.CS.K
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
R3.CANBUS.1
R3.CANBUS.2
R3.CANBUS.3
R3.CANBUS.4
R3.CANBUS.5
CanBus
DRAIN
+24VCAN
0VCAN
CAN_H
CAN_L
58
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.5
R1.CP/CS.9
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
With INTERBUS-S
Signal name
Customer terminal Customer connector on
controller,
manipulator base, R1
see Figure 36
(cable not supplied)
Customer connector on upper arm/
arm housing, R3
Power supply
CPF
CPJ
PE
XT6.1
XT6.2
XT6.3
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.3
(3p D-Sub)
(3p D-Sub)
(3p D-Sub)
R2.CP.A
R2.CP.B
R2.CP.C
Signals
CSA
CSB
CSC
CSD
CSE
CSF
CSG
CSH
CSJ
CSK
XT5.1
XT5.2
XT5.3
XT5.3
XT5.5
XT5.6
XT5.7
XT5.8
XT5.9
XT5.10
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.3
R1.CP/CS.4
R1.CP/CS.5
R1.CP/CS.6
R1.CP/CS.7
R1.CP/CS.8
R1.CP/CS.9
R1.CP/CS.10
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
R3.CS.A
R3.CS.B
R3.CS.C
R3.CS.D
R3.CS.E
R3.CS.F
R3.CS.G
R3.CS.H
R3.CS.J
R3.CS.K
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
R3.IBUS/PBUS.1
R3.IBUS/PBUS.2
R3.IBUS/PBUS.3
R3.IBUS/PBUS.4
R3.IBUS/PBUS.5
R3.IBUS/PBUS.8
InterBus-S
DRAIN
+24VCAN
0VCAN
CAN_H
COM
SHIELD
Product Manual IRB 6400R
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.5
R1.CP/CS.9
R1.CP/CS.9
59
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
With PROFIBUS
Signal name
Customer terminal Customer connector on
controller,
manipulator base, R1
see Figure 36
(cable not supplied)
Customer connector on upper arm/
arm housing, R3
Power supply
CPF
CPJ
PE
XT6.1
XT6.2
XT6.3
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.3
(3p D-Sub)
(3p D-Sub)
(3p D-Sub)
R2.CP.A
R2.CP.B
R2.CP.C
Signals
CSA
CSB
CSC
CSD
CSE
CSF
CSG
CSH
CSJ
CSK
XT5.1
XT5.2
XT5.3
XT5.3
XT5.5
XT5.6
XT5.7
XT5.8
XT5.9
XT5.10
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.3
R1.CP/CS.4
R1.CP/CS.5
R1.CP/CS.6
R1.CP/CS.7
R1.CP/CS.8
R1.CP/CS.9
R1.CP/CS.10
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
(25p D-Sub)
R3.CS.A
R3.CS.B
R3.CS.C
R3.CS.D
R3.CS.E
R3.CS.F
R3.CS.G
R3.CS.H
R3.CS.J
R3.CS.K
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
(9pD-Sub)
R3.IBUS/PBUS.1
R3.IBUS/PBUS.2
R3.IBUS/PBUS.6
R3.IBUS/PBUS.7
R3.IBUS/PBUS.8
Profibus
RxD / TxD-P
RxD / TxD-P
VP
DGND
SHIELD
60
R1.CP/CS.1
R1.CP/CS.2
R1.CP/CS.5
R1.CP/CS.9
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
3.15.1
Connecting Signals
Connection of signal lamp on upper arm (option)
Connections for the signal lamp are located under the cover for motor axis 4.
R2.H1
R2.H2
Signal lamp
Figure 45 Location of signal lamp.
3.16 Distributed I/O units
3.16.1
General
Up to 20* units can be connected to the same controller but only four of these can be
installed inside the controller. Normally a distributed I/O unit is placed outside the controller. The maximum total length of the distributed I/O cable is 100 m (from one end of the
chain to the other end). The controller can be one of the end points or be placed somewhere
in the middle of the chain. For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: I/O Signals.
*) some ProcessWare reduces the number due to use of SIM boards.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
61
Connecting Signals
3.16.2
Installation and Commissioning
Sensors
Sensors are connected to one optional digital unit.
Technical data
See Product Specification IRB 6400, chapter 3.10.
The following sensors can be connected:
Sensor type
Signal level
Digital one bit sensors
High
Low
“1”
“0”
Digital two bit sensors
High
No signal
Low
Error status
“01”
“00”
“10”
“11” (stop program running)
3.16.3 Connection and address keying of the CAN-bus
Controller
Panel unit:
X9
CAN1
Back plane:
X10
X16
CAN3
CAN2
I/O unit
I/O unit
I/O unit
See Figure 47.
X9/X10/X16. 1
2
3
4
5
0V_CAN
CAN_L
drain
CAN_H
24V_CAN
X5. 1
2
3
4
5
0V_CAN
CAN_L
drain
CAN_H
24V_CAN
X5. 1
2
3
4
5
Termination of
last unit
120 Ω
Figure 46 Example of connection of the CAN-bus
1. When the I/O unit is fitted inside the control cabinet (this is standard when choosing the
options on the Specification form), its CAN bus is connected to CAN1, X9 on the panel
unit (see 3.7). No termination is required when only CAN1 is used.
2. When the I/O unit is fitted outside the control cabinet, its CAN bus must be connected
to CAN3, X10 on the backplane of the control cabinet.
3. When the I/O unit is fitted on the manipulator, its CAN bus must be connected to CAN2,
X16 on the backplane of the control cabinet.
62
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
NOTE!
When only one of the X10/X16 is connected, the other must be terminated with 120 Ω.
24V_CAN must not be used to supply digital inputs and outputs. Instead, they
must be supplied either by the 24 V I/O from the cabinet or externally by a power
supply unit.
6
CAN3 (ext. I/O)
CAN2 (manip. I/O)
6
1
1
Figure 47 CAN connections on back plane.
DeviceNet Connector
Input and ID
12
1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Signal name
V- 0V
CAN_L
DRAIN
CAN_H
V+
GND
MAC ID 0
MAC ID 1
MAC ID 2
MAC ID 3
MAC ID 4
MAC ID 5
X5
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Description
Supply voltage GND
CAN signal low
Shield
CAN signal high
Supply voltage 24VDC
Logic GND
Board ID bit 0 (LSB)
Board ID bit 1
Board ID bit 2
Board ID bit 3
Board ID bit 4
Board ID bit 5 (MSB)
63
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
ID setting
Each I/O unit is given a unique address (ID). The connector contains address pins and
can be keyed as shown in Figure 48.
When all terminals are unconnected the highest address is obtained, i.e. 63. When all
are connected to 0 V, the address is 0 (which will cause an error since address 0 is used
by the Panel unit). To avoid interference with other internal addresses, do not use
addresses 0-9.
(0V)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
X5 contact
address pins
address key
1
Example:
2
4
8
16
32
To obtain address 10:
cut off address pins 2 and 8, see figure.
To obtain address 25:
cut off address pins 1, 8 and 16.
Figure 48 Examples of address keying.
3.16.4
Digital I/O DSQC 328 (optional)
The digital I/O unit has 16 inputs and outputs, divided up into groups of eight. All
groups are galvanically isolated and may be supplied from the cabinet 24 V I/O supply
or from a separate supply.
Technical data
See Product Specification IRB 6400, chapter 3.10.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
64
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
CONNECTION TABLE
Customer contacts: X1 - X4
Status LED’s
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
OUT
8
MS
NS
IN
X1
X3
OUT
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
IN
X2
1
1
10
1
10
X4
1
10
10
1
12
X5
CAN-connection, see 3.16.3
X1
Unit function
Opto.
isol.
Signal name
Pin
X2
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
Out ch 1
1
Out ch 9
1
Out ch 2
2
Out ch 10
2
Out ch 3
3
Out ch 11
3
Out ch 4
4
Out ch 12
4
Out ch 5
5
Out ch 13
5
Out ch 6
6
Out ch 14
6
Out ch 7
7
Out ch 15
7
Out ch 8
8
Out ch 16
8
0V for out 1-8
9
0V
0V for out 9-16
9
24V for out 1-8
10*
24V
24V for out 9-16
10*
*)
If supervision of the supply voltage is required, a bridge connection can be made to an
optional digital input. The supervision instruction must be written in the RAPID program.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
65
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
X3
Unit function
Opto.
isol.
Signal name
Pin
X4
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
In ch 9
1
In ch 1
1
In ch 2
2
In ch 10
2
In ch 3
3
In ch 11
3
In ch 4
4
In ch 12
4
In ch 5
5
In ch 13
5
In ch 6
6
In ch 14
6
In ch 7
7
In ch 15
7
In ch 8
8
In ch 16
8
0V for in 1-8
9
0V for in 9-16
9
Not used
10
Not used
10
24 V
0V
NOTE!
The input current is 5.5 mA (at 24V) on the digital inputs. A capacitor connected to
ground, to prevent disturbances, causes a short rush of current when setting the input.
When connecting outputs, sensitive to pre-oscillation current, a serial resistor (100 Ω)
may be used.
66
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
3.16.5
Connecting Signals
AD Combi I/O DSQC 327 (optional)
The combi I/O unit has 16 digital inputs divided into groups of 8, and 16 digital outputs
divided into two groups of 8. All groups are galvanically isolated and may be supplied
from the cabinet 24 V I/O supply or from a separate supply.
The two analog outputs belong to a common group which is galvanically isolated from
the electronics of the controller. The supply to the two analog outputs is generated from
24 V_CAN (with galvanically isolated DC/AC converter).
Technical data
See Product Specification IRB 6400, chapter 3.10.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
67
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
CONNECTION TABLE
Customer contacts: X1 - X4, X6
Status LED’s
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
OUT
MS
IN
NS
X1
X3
OUT
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
IN
X2
1
10
1
X4
10
1
X6
1
10
16
1
10
1
12
X5
CAN-connection, see 3.16.3
X1
Unit function
Opto.
isol.
6
Signal name
Pin
X2
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
Out ch 1
1
Out ch 9
1
Out ch 2
2
Out ch 10
2
Out ch 3
3
Out ch 11
3
Out ch 4
4
Out ch 12
4
Out ch 5
5
Out ch 13
5
Out ch 6
6
Out ch 14
6
Out ch 7
7
Out ch 15
7
Out ch 8
8
Out ch 16
8
0V for out 1-8
9
0V
0V for out 9-16
9
24V for out 1-8
10*
24V
24V for out 9-16
10*
*)
If supervision of the supply voltage is required, a bridge connection can be made to an
optional digital input. The supervision instruction must be written in the RAPID
program.
68
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
X3
Unit function
Opto.
isol.
Signal name
Pin
X4
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
In ch 9
1
In ch 1
1
In ch 2
2
In ch 10
2
In ch 3
3
In ch 11
3
In ch 4
4
In ch 12
4
In ch 5
5
In ch 13
5
In ch 6
6
In ch 14
6
In ch 7
7
In ch 15
7
In ch 8
8
In ch 16
8
0V for in 1-8
9
0V for in 9-16
9
Not used
10
Not used
10
24 V
0V
NOTE!
The input current is 5.5 mA (at 24V) on the digital inputs. A capacitor connected to
ground, to prevent disturbances, causes a short rush of current when setting the input.
When connecting outputs, sensitive to pre-oscillation current, a serial resistor (100 Ω)
may be used.
X6
Signal name
Pin
Explanation
AN_ICH1
1
For test purpose only
AN_ICH2
2
For test purpose only
0V
3
0V for In 1-2
0VA
4
0V for Out 1-2
AN_OCH1
5
Out ch 1
AN_OCH2
6
Out ch 2
Product Manual IRB 6400R
69
Connecting Signals
3.16.6
Installation and Commissioning
Analog I/O DSQC 355 (optional)
The analog I/O unit provides following connections:
4 analog inputs, -10/+10V, which may be used for analog sensors etc.
4 analog outputs, 3 for -10/+10V and 1 for 4-20mA, for control of analog functions
such as controlling gluing equipment etc.
24V to supply external equipment wich return signals to DSQC 355.
Technical data
See Product Specification IRB 6400, chapter 3.10.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
70
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
CONNECTION TABLE
Customer contacts: X1, X3, X 5 - X8
X8-Analog inputs
Bus status LED’s
X7-Analog outputs
X8
X7
S2 S3
X2
X5 X3
Analog I/O
DSQC 355
X5-DeviceNet input
and ID connector
ABB flexible Automation
Not to be used
Figure 49 Analog I/O unit
Connector X5- DeviceNet connectors
See section 3.16.3 on page 62.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
71
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
Connector X7 - Analog outputs
72
12
1
24
13
Signal name
ANOUT_1
ANOUT_2
ANOUT_3
ANOUT_4
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
X7
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Description
Analog output 1, -10/+10V
Analog output 2, -10/+10V
Analog output 3, -10/+10V
Analog output 4, 4-20 mA
Analog output 1, 0 V
Analog output 2, 0 V
Analog output 3, 0 V
Analog output 4, 0 V
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
Connector X8 - Analog inputs
16
1
32
17
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Signal name
ANIN_1
ANIN_2
ANIN_3
ANIN_4
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
X8
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
+24V out
+24V out
+24V out
+24V out
+24V out
+24V out
+24V out
+24V out
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
Description
Analog input 1, -10/+10 V
Analog input 2, -10/+10 V
Analog input 3, -10/+10 V
Analog input 4, -10/+10 V
+24VDC supply
+24VDC supply
+24VDC supply
+24VDC supply
+24VDC supply
+24VDC supply
+24VDC supply
+24VDC supply
Analog input 1, 0V
Analog input 2, 0V
Analog input 3, 0V
Analog input 4, 0V
73
Connecting Signals
3.16.7
Installation and Commissioning
Encoder interface unit, DSQC 354
The encoder interface unit provides connections for 1 encoder and 1 digital input.
The encoder is used for installation on a conveyor to enable robot programs to synchronize to the motion (position) of the conveyor.
The digital input is used for external start signal/ conveyor synchronization point.
Further information
User Reference Description Conveyor Tracking.
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
Customer terminals:
ABB Flexible Automation
X20
Conveyor connection
X20
Encoder
CAN Rx
CAN Tx
MS
NS
POWER
X5
X5-DeviceNet input
and ID connector
DSQC 354
Digin 2
Enc 2B
Enc 2A
Digin 1
Enc 1B
Enc 1A
X3
X3
Not to be used
Device Net connector X5, see section 3.16.3 on page 62
Figure 50 Encoder unit, DSQC 354
74
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
Encoder unit
24 V I/O
or external supply
0V
Encoder
Synch switch
1
2
24 V DC
3
0V
4
A
5
B
6
24 V DC
7
0V
8
9
10
11
12
10-16 not to be used
13
14
15
16
Opto
Opto
Opto
Opto
Opto
Opto
Galvanic
insulation
Figure 51 Encoder connections.
The wiring diagram in Figure 51 shows how to connect the encoder and start signal
switch to the encoder unit. As can be seen from the illustration, the encoder is supplied
with 24 VDC and 0V. The encoder output 2 channels, and the on-board computer uses
quadrature decoding (QDEC) to compute position and direction.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
75
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
Connector X20 - Encoder and digital input connections
Input and ID
1
16
76
Signal name
24 VDC
0V
ENC
ENC
ENC_A
ENC_B
DIGIN
DIGIN
DIGIN
X20
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
Not to be used
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Description
24 VDC supply
0V
Encoder 24 VDC
Encoder 0 V
Encoder Phase A
Encoder Phase B
Synch switch 24 VDC
0V
Synch switch digital input
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
3.16.8
Connecting Signals
Relay I/O DSQC 332
16 output relays each with a single Normal Open contact, independent of each other.
16 digital 24V inputs divided into groups of 8. The groups are galvanically isolated.
Supply to customer switches can be taken either from the cabinet 24 V I/O or from a
separate supply.
Technical data
See Product Specification IRB 6400, chapter 3.10.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
CONNECTION TABLE
Customer contacts: X1 - X4
Status
LED’s
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
OUT
OUT
MS
9
NS
IN
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
IN
X1
X2
16
1
16
1
X3
X4
16
1
12
16
1
X5
Product Manual IRB 6400R
1
CAN-connection, see 3.16.3
77
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
X1
Unit function
78
Signal name
Pin
X2
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
Out ch 9a
1
Out ch 1a
1
Out ch 1b
2
Out ch 9b
2
Out ch 2a
3
Out ch 10a
3
Out ch 2b
4
Out ch 10b
4
Out ch 3a
5
Out ch 11a
5
Out ch 3b
6
Out ch 11b
6
Out ch 4a
7
Out ch 12a
7
Out ch 4b
8
Out ch 12b
8
Out ch 5a
9
Out ch 13a
9
Out ch 5b
10
Out ch 13b
10
Out ch 6a
11
Out ch 14a
11
Out ch 6b
12
Out ch 14b
12
Out ch 7a
13
Out ch 15a
13
Out ch 7b
14
Out ch 15b
14
Out ch 8a
15
Out ch 16a
15
Out ch 8b
16
Out ch 16b
16
supply
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
X3
Unit function
Opto.
isol.
Signal name
Pin
X4
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
In ch 9
1
In ch 1
1
In ch 2
2
In ch 10
2
In ch 3
3
In ch 11
3
In ch 4
4
In ch 12
4
In ch 5
5
In ch 13
5
In ch 6
6
In ch 14
6
In ch 7
7
In ch 15
7
In ch 8
8
In ch 16
8
0V for in 1-8
9
0V for in 9-16
9
Not used
10
Not used
10
Not used
11
Not used
11
Not used
12
Not used
12
Not used
13
Not used
13
Not used
14
Not used
14
Not used
15
Not used
15
Not used
16
Not used
16
24 V
0V
NOTE!
The input current is 5.5 mA (at 24V) on the digital inputs. A capacitor connected to
ground, to prevent disturbances, causes a short rush of current when setting the input.
When connecting a source (PLC), sensitive to pre-oscillation current, a serial resistor
(100 Ω) may be used.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
79
Connecting Signals
3.16.9
Installation and Commissioning
Digital 120 VAC I/O DSQC 320
Technical data
See Product Specification IRB 6400, chapter 3.10.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
CONNECTION TABLE
Customer contacts: X1 - X4
Status
LED’s
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
OUT
MS
IN
NS
OUT
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
IN
X1
X2
16
1
16
1
X3
X4
16
1
12
16
1
X5
80
1
CAN-connection, see 3.16.3
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
X1
Unit function
Opto
isol.
Signal name
Pin
X2
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
Out ch 9a
1
Out ch 1a
1
Out ch 1b
2
Out ch 9b
2
Out ch 2a
3
Out ch 10a
3
Out ch 2b
4
Out ch 10b
4
Out ch 3a
5
Out ch 11a
5
Out ch 3b
6
Out ch 11b
6
Out ch 4a
7
Out ch 12a
7
Out ch 4b
8
Out ch 12b
8
Out ch 5a
9
Out ch 13a
9
Out ch 5b
10
Out ch 13b
10
Out ch 6a
11
Out ch 14a
11
Out ch 6b
12
Out ch 14b
12
Out ch 7a
13
Out ch 15a
13
Out ch 7b
14
Out ch 15b
14
Out ch 8a
15
Out ch 16a
15
Out ch 8b
16
Out ch 16b
16
Product Manual IRB 6400R
AC supply
81
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
X3
Unit function
Opto
isol.
82
Signal name
Pin
X4
Customer conn.
Signal name
Pin
In ch 9a
1
In ch 9b
2
In ch 1a
1
In ch 1b
2
In ch 2a
3
In ch 10a
3
In ch 2b
4
In ch 10b
4
In ch 3a
5
In ch 11a
5
In ch 3b
6
In ch 11b
6
In ch 4a
7
In ch 12a
7
In ch 4b
8
In ch 12b
8
In ch 5a
9
In ch 13a
9
In ch 5b
10
In ch 13b
10
In ch 6a
11
In ch 14a
11
In ch 6b
12
In ch 14b
12
In ch 7a
13
In ch 15a
13
In ch 7b
14
In ch 15b
14
In ch 8a
15
In ch 16a
15
In ch 8b
16
In ch 16b
16
AC
N
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
3.17 Gateway (Field bus) units
3.17.1
RIO (Remote Input Output), remote I/O for Allen-Bradley PLC DSQC 350
The RIO-unit can be programmed for 32, 64, 96 or 128 digital inputs and outputs.
The RIO-unit should be connected to an Allen-Bradley PLC using a screened, two conductor cable.
Technical data
See Product Specification IRB 6400, chapter 3.10 and Allen-Bradley RIO specification.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
Customer terminals: X8 and X9
X8
Pin
Signal name
Pin
LINE1 (blue)
1
blue
1
LINE2 (clear)
2
clear
2
shield
3
shield
3
cabinet ground
4
cabinet ground
4
X5
Device net input
and ID connector
Remote
I/O in
X5
X3
Not to be used
Remote
I/O out
POWER
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
NAC STATUS
Signal name
X9
DSQC 350
X9
RIO out
X8
RIO in
ABB Flexible Automation
Device Net connector X5, see section 3.16.3 on page 62
Figure 52 RIO-unit
Product Manual IRB 6400R
83
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
When the robot is last in a RIO loop, the loop must be terminated with a termination
resistor according to Allen-Bradley’s specification.
This product incorporates a communications link which is licensed under patents and proprietary technology of
Allen-Bradley Company, Inc. Allen-Bradley Company, Inc. does not warrant or support this product. All warranty
and support services for this product are the responsibility of and provided by ABB Flexible Automation.
RIO communication concept
Allen Bradley
control system
Robot 1 - 128 in / 128 out
Quarter 1
Quarter 2
Quarter 1
128 in / 128 out
Quarter 3
Quarter 4
Rack ID 12 (example)
Rack size 4
Starting quarter 1
Other systems
Robot 2 - 64 in / 64 out
64 in / 64 out
Quarter 1
Quarter 2
Quarter 2
Rack ID 13 (example)
Rack size 2
Starting quarter 1
Quarter 3
Quarter 4
Robot 3 - 64 in / 64 out
Quarter 3
64 in / 64 out
Quarter 4
Rack ID 13 (example)
Rack size 2
Starting quarter 3
Figure 53 RIO communication concept - Principle diagram
The Allen Bradley system can communicate with up to 64 external systems. Each of
these systems is called a Rack and is given a Rack Address 0-63. Basically, each robot
connected to the Allen Bradley system will occupy 1 rack.
Each rack is divided into 4 sections called Quarters. Each quarter provides 32 inputs
and 32 outputs and a rack will subsequently provide 128 inputs and 128 outputs.
A rack may also be shared by 2, 3 or 4 robots. Each of these robots will then have the
same rack address, but different starting quarters must be specified.
The illustration above shows an example where Robot 1 uses a full rack while robot 2
and robot 3 share 1 rack.
The rack address, starting quarter and other required parameters such as baud rate, LED
Status etc. are entered in the configuration parameters.
The robot may communicate with the Allen Bradley system only, or be used in combination with I/O system in the robot. For example, the inputs to the robot may come from
the Allen Bradley system while the outputs from the robot control external equipment
via general I/O addresses and the Allen Bradley system only reads the outputs as status
signals.
84
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
3.17.2
Connecting Signals
Interbus-S, slave DSQC 351
The unit can be operated as a slave for a Interbus-S system.
Technical data
See Interbus-S specification.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
Unit ID to be entered in the Interbus-S master is 3. The length code depends on the
selected data. Width between 1 and 4.
Customer terminals: see figure below regarding locations.
ABB Flexible Automation
X20
X21
Interbus-S
out
X21
RC
BA
RBDA
POWER
Interbus-S
CAN Rx
CAN Tx
MS
NS
POWER
X5
X5-DeviceNet input
and ID connector
DSQC 351
X20
Interbus-S
in
X3
X3
Interbus-S supply
Device Net connector X5, see section 3.16.3 on page 62
Figure 54 Interbus-S, DSQC 351
Product Manual IRB 6400R
85
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
Communication concept
128 in/128 out
Master PLC
64 in/64 out
Robot 1
.3
Word 1.3
Robot 12
Word 4.7.7
Robot 32
Word 8.11
.11
IN
IN
IN
OUT
*1
OUT
OUT
*1
Figure 55 Outline diagram.
The Interbus-S system can communicate with a number of external devices, the actual
number depends on the number of process words occupied of each unit. The robot can
be equipped with one or two DSQC 351. The Interbus-S inputs and outputs are accessible in the robot as general inputs and outputs.
For application data, refer to Interbus-S, International Standard, DIN 19258.
*1
Note that there is a link between pin 5 and 9 in the plug on interconnection cable which
is connected to the OUT connector for each unit. The link is used to inform the Interbus-S unit that more units are located further out in the chain. (The last unit in the chain
does not have cable connected and thereby no link).
Interbus-S IN
1
5
86
6
9
Signal name
TPDO1
TPDI1
GND
NC
NC
TPDO1-N
TPDI1-N
NC
NC
X20
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Description
Communication line TPDO1
Communication line TPDI1
Ground connection
Not connected
Not connected
Communication line TPDO1-N
Communication line TPDI1-N
Not connected
Not connected
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Interbus-S OUT
5
1
9
6
Signal name
TPDO2
TPDI2
GND
NC
+5V
TPDO2-N
TPDI2-N
NC
RBST
Connecting Signals
X21
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Description
Communication line TPDO2
Communication line TPDI2
Ground connection
Not connected
+5VDC
Communication line TPDO2-N
Communication line TPDI2-N
Not connected
Synchronization
X3
Interbus-S supply
5
1
Signal name
0 V DC
NC
GND
NC
+ 24 V DC
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Description
External supply of Interbus-S
Not connected
Ground connection
Not connected
External supply of Interbus-S
NOTE! External supply is recommended to prevent loss of fieldbus at IRB power off.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
87
Connecting Signals
3.17.3
Installation and Commissioning
Profibus-DP, slave, DSQC352
The unit can be operated as a slave for a Profibus-DP system.
Technical data
See Profibus-DP specification, DIN E 19245 part 3.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: IO Signals.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
Customer connections
PROFIBUS ACTIVE
Profibus
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
POWER
X5
DSQC 352
X20
ABB Flexible Automation
X20
Profibus
connection
X3
X5 - DeviceNet
connector
X3 - Power
connector
Figure 56 DSQC352, location of connectors
Communication concept
256 in/256 out
Master PLC
*1
88
Robot 1
.3
Word 1:8
128 in/128 out
Robot 11
.7
Word 9:16
2
Robot 2.11
Word 17:24
*1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
Figure 57 Profibus-DP communication concept
The Profibus-DP system can communicate with a number of external devices. The
actual number depends on the number of process words occupied of each unit. The
robot can be equipped with one or two DSQC352. The Profibus-DP inputs and outputs
are accessible in the robot as general inputs and outputs.
For application data, refer to Profibus-DP, International Standard, DIN 19245 Part 3.
*1 - Note that the Profibus cable must be terminated in both ends.
Profibus-DP
5
1
9
6
Profibus-DP supply
5
1
Signal name
Shield
NC
RxD/TxD-P
Control-P
GND
+ 5V DC
NC
Rxd/TxD-N
NC
X20
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Signal name
0 V DC
NC
GND
NC
+ 24 V DC
X3
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
Description
Cable screen
Not connected
Receive/Transmit data P
Ground connection
Not connected
Receive/Transmit data N
Not connected
Description
External supply of Profibus-DP
Not connected
Ground connection
Not connected
External supply of Profibus-DP
Device Net connector X5, see section 3.16.3 on page 62.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
89
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
3.18 Communication
3.18.1
Serial links, SIO
The robot has two serial channels, which can be used by the customer to communicate
with printers, terminals, computers and other equipment (see Figure 58).
The serial channels are:
- SIO1RS 232 with RTS-CTS-control and support for XON/XOFF,
transmission speed 300 - 19 200 baud.
- SIO2RS 422 full duplex TXD4, TXD4-N, RXD4, RXD4-N,
transmission speed 300 - 19 200 baud.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
Product Specification IRB 2400, chapter 3.10.
Separate documentation is included when the option RAP Serial link is ordered.
External computer
Figure 58 Serial channels, SLIP, outline diagram.
Customer terminals, on controller backplane:X1(SIO1) and X2(SIO2), see 3.7.
Two variants exits depending on backplane type.
Cable connectors with screwed connections (not supplied), type Phönix Combicon
MSTTBVA 2.5/12-6-5.08. Keying of board connector according to circuit diagram,
chapter 11.
90
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
DSCQ 330 (screw terminals)
X1
X2
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
TXD
1
TXD
2
RTS N
2
TXD N
3
0V
3
0V
4
RXD
4
RXD
5
CTS N
5
RXD N
6
0V
6
0V
7
DTR
7
DATA
8
DSR
8
DATA N
9
0V
9
0V
10
10
DCLK
11
11
DCLK N
12
12
0V
DSQC 369 (D-sub connectors)
X1
Pin
X2
Signal
1
Pin
Signal
1
TXD
2
RXD
2
TXD N
3
TXD
3
RXD
4
DTR
4
RXD N
5
0V
5
0V
6
DSR
6
DATA
7
RTS N
7
DATA N
8
CTS N
8
DCLK
9
DCLK N
9
Explanation of signals:
TXD=Transmit Data, RTS=Request To Send, RXD=Receive Data, CTS=Clear To
Send, DTR=Data Terminal Ready, DSR=Data Set Ready, DATA=Data Signals in Half
Duplex Mode, DCLK=Data Transmission Clock.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
91
Connecting Signals
3.18.2
Installation and Commissioning
Ethernet communication, DSQC 336
The ethernet communication board has two options for ethernet connection.
Connector X4 is used for connection of twisted-pair Ethernet (TPE), or as defined in
IEEE 802.3 : 10BASE-T. Maximum node-to-node distance 100 meter. The ethernet
communication board has no termination for cable screen. Cable screen must be
grounded at cabinet wall with a cable gland. 10BASE-T is a point-to-point net,
connected via a HUB.
Connector X11 is used for connection of transceivers with AUI (Attachment Unit
Interface). Typical use of this connector is connection of transceivers for 10BASE2
(CheaperNet, Thinnet, Thinwire Enet, - 0.2 inch, 50 ohm coax with BNC connector) or
optical fibre net. Note the environmental conditions for the transceiver inside the
controller, i.e. +70o C.
Technical data
See Ethernet specification.
Further information
For setup parameters, see User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Controller.
Circuit diagram, see chapter 11.
Separate documentation is included when the option Ethernet services is ordered.
Customer terminals, on board front: X4 and X11
External computer
Controller Robot 1
Controller Robot 2 etc...
LAN
TXD RXD
CAN
NS MS
A
U
I
X11 - AUI
connection
DSQC
336
F
T
P
E
X4 - TPE
connection
Ethernet HUB
C
O
N
S
O
L
E
92
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Connecting Signals
Figure 59 Ethernet TCP/IP, outline diagram.
Connector X4 - Ethernet TPE connector
Signal name
TPTX+
TPTXTPRX+
NC
NC
TPRXNC
NC
1
8
X4
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Description
Transmit data line +
Transmit data line Receive data line +
Not connected
Not connected
Receive data line Not connected
Not connected
Connector X11 - Ethernet AUI connector
15
9
8
1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Signal name
GND
COLL+
TXD+
GND
RXD+
GND
NC
GND
COLLTXDGND
RXD+12V
GND
NC
X11
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Description
Ground connection
Collision detection line +
Transmit data line +
Ground connection
Receive data line +
Ground connection
Not connected
Ground connection
Collision detection line Transmit data line Ground connection
Receive data line +12VDC
Ground connection
Not connected
93
Connecting Signals
Installation and Commissioning
3.19 External operator’s panel
All necessary components are supplied, except for the external enclosure.
The assembled panel must be installed in a housing which satisfies protection
class, IP 54, in accordance with IEC 144 and IEC 529.
M4 (x4)
M8 (x4)
45o
Required depth 200 mm
196
193
180 224 240
223
70
62
140
96
Holes for
flange
184
External panel enclosure
(not supplied)
200
Holes for
operator’s panel
100%
Holes for
teach pendant holder
Teach pendant
connection
Connection to
the controller
90
5 (x2)
155
Figure 60 Required preparation of external panel enclosure.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Installing the Control Program
4 Installing the Control Program
The robot memory is battery-backed, which means that the control program and settings (pre-installed) are saved when the power supply to the robot is switched off.
The robot might be delivered without software installed and the memory back-up batteries disconnected to ensure maximum battery capacity after installation.
If so, connect the batteries and start the installation according to 4.1.1.
4.1 System diskettes
• Key disk (one disk)
Each robot needs an unique key disk with selected options and IRB type.
Robots within the same family (i.e. different variants of the robot) can use the
same key disk with a licence number.
• System pack
BaseWare OS, all options and ProcessWare.
• Controller parameters (one disk)
At delivery, it includes I/O configuration according to order specification.
At commissioning all parameters are stored.
• Manipulator parameters (one disk)
Includes sync. offsets from manufacturing calibration.
4.1.1
Installation procedure
1. Perform a cold start on the system.
2. Insert the “Key disk” when displayed on the teach pendant.
3. Follow information displayed on the teach pendant. Keep attention to prompted
System pack disk number (all diskettes are not used at the same installation).
During the installation following menus appears:
- Silent =
The installation follows the information on the Key disk.
- Add Opt =The installation follows the Key disk but further options,
not included in the system pack, are possible to add.
- Query = Questions about changing language, robot type (within the same
family), gain access to service mode, see User’s Guide, System
Parameters etc. are coming up. Makes it possible to exclude
options but not add more than included in the Key disk.
If Query is selected, make sure that the correct robot type is entered. If not, this
will affect the safety function Reduced speed 250 mm/s.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
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Installing the Control Program
Installation and Commissioning
If Query is selected, make sure that all required options are installed. Note that
some of these options also require installation of other options. Rejecting of proposed options during installation may cause an incomplete robot installation.
4. The robot performs a warm start when installation is finished.
Wait until the welcome window appears on the display before doing anything. The
warm start can take up to 2 minutes after the installation display ready.
5. Load the specific installation parameters from the Controller Parameter disk or
corresponding.
After the control program has been installed, the diskettes should be stored in a
safe place in accordance with the general rules for diskette storage. Do not store
the diskettes inside the controller to avoid damaged from heat and magnetic fields.
6. Conclude the installation with updating the revolution counters according to section
2.13.2.
4.1.2
Query mode questions about used DC-links and balancing units
If query installation is selected, you will get a question about used DC-link. You will
find the article number for the DC-link on the unit inside the controller.
Type
Art. no.
Config id
Description
DSQC 345A
3HAB 8101-1
DC0
DC-link
DSQC 345B
3HAB 8101-2
DC1
DC-link
DSQC 345C
3HAB 8101-3
DC2
DC-link
DSQC 345D
3HAB 8101-4
DC3
DC-link, step down
DSQC 358C
3HAB 8101-10
DC2T
DC-link + single drive unit
DSQC 358E
3HAB 8101-12
DC2C
DC-link + single drive unit
For IRB 6400R you will also get a question on what type of balancing units that is used.
For identification, please see label attached at the top of the units.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Installing the Control Program
4.2 Calibration of the manipulator
Calibrate the manipulator according to section 2.13.
4.3 Cold start
To install the control program in a robot already in operation the memory must be emptied. Besides disconnecting the batteries for a few minutes, the following method can
be used:
1. Select the Service window
2. Select File: Restart
3. Then enter the numbers 1 3 4 6 7 9
4. The fifth function key changes to C-Start (Cold start)
5. Press the key C-Start
It will take quite some time to perform a Cold start. Just wait until the robot starts the
Installation dialog, see 4.1.1.
Do not touch any key, joystick, enable device or emergency stop until you are
prompted to press any key.
4.4 How to change language, options and IRB types
(Valid for robots within the same family)
1. Select the Service window
2. Select File: Restart
3. Enter the numbers 1 4 7
4. The fifth function key changes to I-Start
Note!
Make sure that the disk 3 from the System pack is inserted when installing BaseWare
OS Plus or disk 5 when installing BaseWare OS.
5. Press the key I-Start
6. Continue with following the text on the teach pendant.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
97
Installing the Control Program
Installation and Commissioning
4.5 How to use the disk, Manipulator Parameters
The S4C controller does not contain any calibration information at delivery (Robot Not
Calibrated shown on the teach pendant).
Once the Manipulator Parameter disk contents has been loaded to the controller as in
one of the two cases described below, should a new parameter back-up be saved on the
disk, Controller Parameter.
After saving the new parameters on the disk, Controller Parameter the
Manipulator Parameter disk is no longer needed.
4.5.1
Robot delivered with software installed
In this case the basic parameters are already installed.
Load the calibration offset values from the disk, Manipulator Parameters.
1. Select File: Add or Replace Parameter.
Do not select Add new or Load Saved Parameters.
2. Press OK.
3. Save the new parameters according to section 4.6.
4.5.2
Robot delivered without software installed
In this case a complete cold start is necessary, remember to connect the back-up batteries.
The basic parameters are loaded at the cold start. The delivery specific I/O configuration is loaded from the disk, Controller Parameters.
1. Select File:Add New Parameters.
2. Press OK.
3. Load the calibration offset values from the disk, Manipulator Parameters.
4. Select File:Add or Replace Parameter.
Do not select Add new or Load Saved Parameters.
5. Press OK.
6. Save the new parameters according to section 4.6.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Installing the Control Program
4.6 Saving the parameters on the Controller Parameter disk
1. Insert the disk, Controller Parameter.
2. Select File:Save All As.
For more detailed information regarding saving and loading parameters see User’s
Guide, System Parameters.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
99
Installing the Control Program
100
Installation and Commissioning
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
5 External Axes
5.1 General
External axes are controlled by internal or external (equals to non ABB) drive units.
Internal drive units are mounted either inside the robot cabinet or in a separate external
cabinet. External drive units are mounted in a user designed cabinet.
A maximum number of 6 external axes can be controlled by S4C. Internal drive units
mounted in a separate cabinet cannot be combined with external drive units.
The drive and measurement systems each consist of two systems. Each system is
connected to the CPU boards via a serial communication link.
A number of template configuration files are supplied with the system. The configuration files are optimum designed concerning system behaviour and performance of the
axes. When installing external axes it is important to design installations, so a combination of standard files can be used.
Axes connected to Measurement System 1 can use Drive System 2 and vice versa.
Allowed combinations - see configuration files section 5.3.5.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
101
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
Measurement System 2
Drive System 2 inside
external axes cabinet
Contains no CPU
alt.
Drive System 1,
inside robot
cabinet
Drive System 2 inside
user designed cabinet
(non ABB drives)
Measurement
System 1
Figure 61 Outline diagram, external axes.
One extra serial measurement board (SMB) can be connected to Measurement System
1 and up to four to Measurement System 2. See Figure 61. One of the extra serial
measurement boards of system 2 can be located inside the robot cabinet.
Max one external axis can be connected to Drive System 1. This axis is connected to
the drive unit located in the DC-link. Up to six external axes can be connected to Drive
System 2. Drive System 2 is in most cases located in a separate external cabinet.
For robots using only two drive units, as IRB1400 and IRB2400, a drive system 2 can
be located in the robot cabinet. This mixed system is called Drive System 1.2 . Two axes
can be connected to the drive module. In this case no external drive units or internal
drive units mounted in a separate cabinet can be used.
102
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
5.2 Easy to use kits
A number of easy to use kits are available by ABB Flexible Automation AB. These kits
contain all parts needed to install and operate external axes.
The kit contains:
- Motor/motors with brake and resolver. Different sizes of motors available.
- Gear boxes.
- Connection box with serial measurement board, manual brake release and terminal block for limit switches.
- All cables with connectors.
- Configuration file for easy software installation.
- Documentation
For more information see Product Specification Motor Unit from ABB Flexible Automation documentation.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
103
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
5.3 User designed external axes.
5.3.1 DMC-C
Atlas Copco Controls stand alone servo amplifier DMC-C can be connected to Drive
System 2, see Figure 62. Total of max 6 external axes can be installed.
.
Drive System 2
Atlas DMC
Atlas DMC
Atlas DMC
Atlas Copco
Atlas Copco
Atlas Copco
Mesurement
System 2
Serial measurement
board
Figure 62 Servo amplifier, DMC.
Atlas Copco Controls provides the information on suitable motors and how to make
installation and commissioning,
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
5.3.2
External Axes
FBU
Atlas Copco Controls FBU (Field Bus Unit) can handle up to 3 external drive units, see
Figure 63.
Drive System 2
Mesurement System 2
Atlas DMC
Atlas Copco
S
E
R
V
O
S
E
R
V
O
S
E
R
V
O
Serial measurement
board
Figure 63 Field bus unit, FBU.
The drive units can be connected to analog speed reference outputs (+/- 10 V) or a field
bus.
For further information about DMC-C and FBU contact Atlas Copco Controls.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
105
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
5.3.3 Measurement System
There are two measurement system systems, 1 and 2. Each system is connected to the
CPU board via a serial link. The serial link is of ring type with board 1 connected to
CPU-board serial output. The last Serial Measurement Board (SMB) is connected to the
CPU-board serial input.This link also supplies power to the SMB.
Measurement System 1 can consist of up to two SMB, one used for the robot manipulator, the other one for one external axis, normally a track motion. The external axis
must be connected to node 4 and in the configuration file be addressed as logical node
7.
Measurement System 2 can consist of one to four SMB boards. The board numbering
always starts with board 1. No gaps may occur in the number sequence. Every axis connected to a measuring system must have an unique node number. While the node
number is the same as physical connection, the physical connection node must also be
unique.
Each SMB has 6 connection nodes for resolvers. A battery supplies the SMB with
power during power fail. If the axes move during power fail the internal revolution
counters are automatically updated. After power on the system is ready for operation
without any synchronization procedure.
A special configuration can be used with no robot connected. Only Measurement System 1 with one or two SMB may be used. Up to 6 external axes can be connected to
those boards. See configuration files in Figure 77.
MEASUREMENT SYSTEM 1
MEASUREMENT SYSTEM 2
configuration files MN4M1Dx
configuration files MNxM2Dx
CPU
Robot manipulator
Serial
Measurement
Board 1
6 resolvers
CPU
Measurement
System 1
serial
communication
Serial
Measurement
Board 2
node 4
1 resolver
Serial
Measurement
Board 1
Measurement
System 2
S
serial
communication
Serial
Measurement
Board 2
Serial
Measurement
Board 3
Max 6
resolvers
(5 if
one axis
connected to
Measurement
).
System
1)
Serial
Measurement
Board 4
Figure 64 Measurement systems.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
MEASUREMENT SYSTEM 1 (only external axes, no robot)
configuration files ACxM1D1
(Measurement System 2 may not be used
together with this configuration)
CPU
Measurement
System 1
serial
communication
Serial
Measurement
Board 1
Max 6
resolvers
Serial
Measurement
Board 2
Figure 65 Measurement system 1.
Resolver
Each resolver contains two stators and one rotor, connected as shown in Figure 66.
EXC*
0v EXC*
Stator X
Rotor
X*
0V X*
Stator Y
* See connection table
Y*
0V Y*
Figure 66 Connections for resolvers.
Technical data
Resolver
Integrated in motor of IRB type
or
art.no. 5766 388-5, size 11
Resolver must be approved by ABB
for reliable operation.
Motor to resolver gear ratio
1:1, direct drive
Resolver cable length:
Product Manual IRB 6400R
max 30 m (X, Y for each resolver)
total max 70 m for EXC signals.
107
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
Cable:
AWG 24, max 55pF/m, with shield.
The X, Y, 0V X and 0 V Y signals are used to connect resolvers to a serial measurement
board.
The EXC, 0V EXC are used for common supply for all resolvers, parallel connected.
It is very important that the noise level on the measurement signals from the external axes is kept as low as possible, to prevent bad performance. Correct shielding
and ground connections of cables, measurement boards and resolvers is essential.
The cabling must comply with signal class “measurement signals” (see chapter 3.1,
Signal classes).
The enclosure for external serial measurement board(s) must comply with enclosure
class IP 54, in accordance with IEC 144 and IEC 529.
Resolver, connector on robot cabinet wall (option: 386 - External Axes Measurement
Board, mounted inside robot cabinet)
XS27, Measurement System 2, board 1
108
Node 1
Node 2
Node 3
Node 4
Node 5
Node 6
EXC1
A1
A3
A5
0V
EXC1
A2
A4
A6
EXC2
A8
A10
A12
0V
EXC2
A9
A11
A13
X
B1
B3
B5
B8
B10
B12
Y
C1
C3
C5
C8
C10
C12
0V X
B2
B4
B6
B9
B11
B13
0V Y
C2
C4
C6
C9
C11
C13
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
Resolver, connectors on Measurement Board DSQC 313
R2.SMB
1-2
R2.SMB
1-4
R2.SMB
3-6
D-Sub 15 socket
D-Sub 25 pin
D-Sub 25 socket
GND
BATLD
0V
SDO-N
SDI-N
GND
0V EXC1
0V EXC1
Y2
X2
GND
X1
Y1
X2
Y2
GND
X4
Y4
X5
Y5
+BATSUP
+24V
SDO
SDI
Y1
X1
EXC1
EXC1
0V EXC1
0V EXC1
0V EXC1
X3
Y3
0V EXC2
0V EXC2
0V EXC2
X6
Y6
0V Y2
0V X2
0V Y1
0V X1
X4
Y4
0V EXC2
0V X1
0V Y1
X3
Y3
0V EXC1
0V X4
0V Y4
16
17
18
19
20
0V X2
0V Y2
EXC1
EXC1
EXC1
0V X5
0V Y5
EXC2
EXC2
EXC2
21
22
23
24
25
0V X3
0V Y3
0V X4
0V Y4
EXC2
0V X6
0V Y6
0V X3
0V Y3
EXC1
Contact/
point
R2.G
1
2
3
4
5
+BAT
0V BAT
R2.SMB
D-Sub 9 pin
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Product Manual IRB 6400R
109
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
R2.SMB
R2.SMB 1-4
R2.SMB 3-6
R2.SMB 1-2
R2.G
Serial Measurement Board (SMB)
SDO
SDI
+BAT
0V BAT
BATLD
BATSUP
+24 V
0V
5.3.4
serial communication output
serial communication input
battery +
battery 0 V
not to be used
not to be used
EXC1
24 V power
EXC2
0 V power
X1
excitation power to resolver 1,2,3
excitation power to resolver 4,5,6
Input x-stator node 1
Drive System
There are two drive systems 1 and 2. Each system is connected to the CPU board via a
serial link. The link also supplies low voltage logic power to the rectifier and drive
modules.
Each drive system has its own transformer. For information on fuses, power contactors
etc. see documentation for the separate enclosure.
The rectifier DSQC 358C has in addition to its rectifier section also a drive inverter for
one external axis. This rectifier can be used in all S4C robot cabinets except for those
robots needing the DSQC 345D rectifier.
For robots using two drive units, an extra drive unit can be placed in the S4C robot cabinet. This drive unit is connected to the Drive System 2 serial communication link, but
use the Drive System 1 rectifier. This combined system is called Drive System 1.2 .
If drive unit with three drive inverters (nodes) are used, axes with measurement node
1, 2, 3 or 4, 5, 6 may not be connected to the same drive unit.
If the function “common drive” is to be used, a contactor unit for motor selection is
required.
As an option it’s possible to use Atlas DMC of FBU. Those units are always connected
to drive system 2 and measurement system 2. They CANNOT be combined with internal controlled drive units connected to drive system 2. Up to 6 external axis can be connected using DMC:s and/or FBU:s. In section 5.3.5 there is a complete list of template
files for external controlled axes.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
When designing the drive system following has to be checked:
• Max motor current, in order not to demagnetize the motor.
• Max/rated current from drive inverter.
• Max/rated current from drive unit (sum of all inverters on same drive unit)
• Max/rated current from dc-link
• Max/rated power for bleeder
• Max/rated power from transformer
Note: If the system contains axes with no stand by state (the axes will continue to be
controlled while the brakes are activated for the robot), the max allowed power consumption of these axes are 0.5 kW.
Note:
For safety reasons, the power supply to the external motor must be switched off
when the robot is in the MOTORS OFF mode.
Drive system configuration with one external axis at Drive System 1 in S4C robot cabinet and five to six axes at Drive System 2 installed in external cabinet.
DRIVE SYSTEM 2
DRIVE SYSTEM 1
Drive System 1
serial communication
External
axis drive
system 1
(1 axis)
Unit number
Drive System 2
serial
communication
Robot
axes
0
3
2
1
Unit number
Transformer 1
0*
3*
2*
1*
External
axes drive
system 2
(5-6 axes)
Transformer 2
Figure 67 Drive systems with external cabinet.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
111
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
Drive system configuration with one external axis at Drive System 1 and two or three
axes at Drive system 2, all installed in the S4C robot cabinet.
DRIVE SYSTEM 1.2
Drive System 2
serial communication
DC-link
(optional with driver inverter)
Drive System 1
serial communication
Drive unit
*
External
axis drive
system 1
(1 axis)
Unit number
Unit number for drive system 2
Robot
axes
0
0*
2
1
Transformer 1
External
axis drive
system 2
(2-3 axes)
Figure 68 Drive system installed in the S4C cabinet.
Technical data Drive System
Max
current
(A)
Rated
current
(A)
Max
bleeder
power
(kW)
Rated
bleeder
power
(kW)
Min
voltage
(V)
DSQC 345C / DC2
DSQC 358C / DC2T
DSQC 358E / DC2C
80
14.6
15.3
0.9
275
DSQC 345D / DC3
70
16.7
15.3
0.9
370
Figure 69 Rectifier units.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
Unit type
Node 1
Node 2
Node 3
Total unit
DSQC 346A
3.25/1.6 A
3.25/1.6 A
1.5/1.0 D
8.0/4.2
DSQC 346B
6.7/3.2 B
3.25/1.6 A
1.5/1.0 D
11.45/5.8
DSQC 346C
11.3/5.3 C
11.3/5.3 C
6.7/4.0 B
29.3/12.1
DSQC 346G
29.7/16.5 G
36.8/20.0 T
66.5/30.0
DSQC 358C
36.8/20.0 T
36.8/20.0
DSQC 358E
11.3/5.3 C
11.3/5.3 C
Figure 70 Drive units, max. current (A RMS)/average current (A RMS).
Pin
Node
Phase
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
10 11 12
13 14 15
111
- -3
- -3
- -3
222
WVU
- - W
- - V
- - U
WVU
Figure 71 Power connections, drive unit DSQC 346A, B, C
Pin
Node
Phase
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
10 11 12
13 14 15
111
111
222
222
222
UVW
UVW
UUU
VVV
WWW
Figure 72 Power connections, drive unit DSQC 246G
Pin
,Node
Phase
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
10 11 12
13 14 15
- - - - 222
222
222
- - - - UUU
VVV
WWW
Figure 73 Power connections, drive unit DSQC 358C, E
Product Manual IRB 6400R
X2
X2
X2
113
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
Motor connection to drive unit, external connector
Motor current R-phase (U-phase), S-phase (V-phase) and T-phase (W-phase) respectively.
Technical data
Motor
Technical data
AC synchronous motor
3-phase, 4 or 6-pole
ABB Flexible Automation can supply
further information.
EXT PTC
This signal monitors the temperature of the motor. A high resistance or open circuit
indicates that the temperature of the motor exceeds the rated level. If a temperature sensor is not used, the circuit must be strapped. If more than one motor is used, all PTC
resistors are connected in series.
Controller
XS7
R (U)
S (V)
T (W)
EXT PTC
0 V EXT PTC
Motor
PTC
0V EXT BRAKE
Brake
EXT BRAKE REL
EXT BRAKE PB
Manual brake
release
Figure 74 Connections of motor.
114
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
XS7, Connector on S4C robot cabinet wall (option: 391/392/394.)
Conn. Point
D
C
B
A
1
0V EXT PTC
M7 T
M7 S
M7 R
2
EXT PTC
M7 T
M7 S
M7 R
3
-
M7 T
M7 S
M7 R
4
PTC jumper 1
PTC jumper 2
LIM 2A
LIM 1A
5
PTC jumper 1
PTC jumper 2
LIM 2B
LIM 1B
6
M8 T
M8 S
M8 R
7
M8 T
M8 S
M8 R
8
BRAKE
REL
BRAKE
REL
9
0V BRAKE
BRAKE
REL
0V BRAKE
0V BRAKE
BRAKE PB
11
M9 T
M9 S
M9 R
12
M9 T
M9 S
M9 R
13
M9 T
M9 S
M9 R
10
-
14
15
16
Figure 75 Motor connections.
OPTION 391
M7
Drive system
1
Drive Unit Drive node Node type
0
2
T
OPTION 392
M7
M8
Drive system
2
2
Drive Unit Drive node Node type
0
2
T
0
1
G
OPTION 394
M7
M8
M9
Drive system
1
2
2
Drive Unit Drive node Node type
0
2
T
0
1
G
0
2
T
Product Manual IRB 6400R
115
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
X7, Connector on external cabinet wall (options: 37x)
Conn. Point
D
C
B
A
1
0V EXT PTC
M7 T
M7 S
M7 R
2
EXT PTC
M7 T
M7 S
M7 R
3
-
M7 T
M7 S
M7 R
4
PTC jumper 1
PTC jumper 2
LIM 2A
LIM 1A
5
PTC jumper 1
PTC jumper 2
LIM 2B
LIM 1B
6
M10 R
M8 T
M8 S
M8 R
7
M10 R
M8 T
M8 S
M8 R
8
M10 S
M10 T
BRAKE
REL
BRAKE
REL
9
M10 S
M10 T
0V BRAKE
BRAKE
REL
10
-
0V BRAKE
0V BRAKE
BRAKE PB
11
M12 R
M9 T
M9 S
M9 R
12
M12R
M9 T
M9 S
M9 R
13
M12 S
M9 T
M9 S
M9 R
14
M12 S
M11 T
M11 S
M11 R
15
M12 T
M11 T
M11 S
M11 R
16
M12 T
M11 T
M11 S
M11 R
OPTION 37M : axes M7-M8
OPTION 37N : axes M7-M10
OPTION 37O : axes M7-M12
M7
M8
M9
M10
M11
M12
116
Drive systemDrive UnitDrive node Node type
2
1
2
T
2
1
1
G
2
2
2
T
2
2
1
G
2
3
2
T
2
3
1
G
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
External Axes
OPTION 37P : axes M7-M9
OPTION 37Q : axes M7-M12
M7
M8
M9
M10
M11
M12
Drive systemDrive UnitDrive node Node type
2
1
1
C
2
1
2
C
2
1
3
B
2
2
1
C
2
2
2
C
2
2
3
B
OPTION 37V : axes M7-M10
OPTION 37X : axes M7-M12
M7
M8
M9
M10
M11
M12
Drive systemDrive UnitDrive nodeNode type
2
1
1
C
2
1
2
C
2
2
2
T
2
2
1
G
2
3
2
T
2
3
1
G
Incorrect definitions of the system parameters for brakes or external axes may
cause damage to the robot or personal injury.
Note:
For safety reasons, the power supply to the external motor must be switched off
when the robot is in the MOTORS OFF mode.
5.3.5
Configuration Files
In order to simplify installation of external axes a number of configuration files are
delivered with the system. The configuration files are optimum designed concerning
system behaviour and performance of the axes. When installing external axes it is
important to design installations, so a combination of existent files can be used.
Four types of configuration files are delivered:
• Utility files for defining transformer and rectifier types in drive system 2.
• External axes files used for axes connected to a system with robot. File names
MNxMyDz (Measurement Node x, Measurement system y, Drive system z),
see Figure 76.
• External controlled external axis. File names ENxM2D2 (External Node x,
Measurement system 2, Drive system 2), see Figure 78.
• External axes files used in system without robot. File names ACxMyDz
(Axis Controlled x, Measurement system y, Drive system z), see Figure 77.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
117
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
For installing and change of parameter data, see the User’s Guide, section System Parameters, Topic: Manipulator.
In order to have the possibility to read and change most of the parameters from the teach
pendent unit, the system must be booted in service mode.
118
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Installation and Commissioning
Configuration file
Logical axis
External Axes
Measuring system
Drive system
System*
Node*
System*
Unit position
Node
MN4M1D1
7
1
4(7)**
1
0
2
MN4M1D2
7
1
4(7)**
2
1
2
MN4M1D12
7
1
4(7)**
2
0
2
MN1M2D1
8
2
1
1
0
2
MN1M2D2
8
2
1
2
1
1
MN1M2D12
8
2
1
2
0
1
MN2M2D1
9
2
2
1
0
2
MN2M2D2
9
2
2
2
2
2
MN2M2D12
9
2
2
2
0
2
MN3M2D1
10
2
3
1
0
2
MN3M2D2
10
2
3
2
2
1
MN3M2D12
10
2
3
2
0
1
MN4M2D1
11
2
4
1
0
2
MN4M2D2
11
2
4
2
3
2
MN4M2D12
11
2
4
2
0
2
MN5M2D1
12
2
5
1
0
2
MN5M2D2
12
2
5
2
3
1
MN5M2D12
12
2
5
2
0
1
MN6M2D1
7
2
6
1
0
2
MN6M2D2
7
2
6
2
1
2
MN6M2D12
7
2
6
2
0
2
Figure 76 Configuration files with default data.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
119
External Axes
Installation and Commissioning
* Parameter value must not be changed.
** Is connected physically to node 4 but the logical value in the system parameters
must be 7.
Logical axis is used as the axis number in the RAPID instruction and for the teach
pendent. Normally the robot use axes 1-6 and the external axes 7-12. The user can
change the logical axis number to fit the new application. Only axes with unique axis
numbers may be active at the same time.
If drive units with three inverters are used, note the limitation described under drive
system.
Configuration file
Logical axis
Measuring system
Drive system
System*
Node*
System*
Unit position
Node
AC1M1D1
7
1
1
1
1
2
AC2M1D1
8
1
2
1
2
2
AC3M1D1
9
1
3
1
3
2
AC4M1D1
10
1
4
1
2
1
AC5M1D1
11
1
5
1
3
1
AC6M1D1
12
1
6
1
1
1
Figure 77 Configuration files with default data.
Configuration file
Logical
axis
Measuring system
Drive system
System*
Node*
System*
Unit position
Node
EN1M2D2
8
2
1
2
0
1
EN2M2D2
9
2
2
2
1
1
EN3M2D2
10
2
3
2
2
1
EN4M2D2
11
2
4
2
3
1
EN5M2D2
12
2
5
2
4
1
EN6M2D2
13
12
6
2
5
1
Figure 78 Configuration files with default data.
Incorrect definitions of the system parameters for brakes or external axes may
cause damage to the robot or personal injury.
120
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
CONTENTS
Page
1 Maintenance Schedule............................................................................................. 4
2 Instructions for Maintenance ................................................................................. 7
2.1 General instructions for the manipulator ........................................................ 7
2.2 Checking the oil and grease levels.................................................................. 7
2.3 Oil change gear box, axis 1............................................................................. 8
2.4 Inspect and lubricate the bearings, balancing units axis 2 .............................. 10
2.5 Lubricating piston rod, balancing unit axis 2.................................................. 11
2.6 Oil change gear box, axes 2 and 3 .................................................................. 12
2.7 Oil change gearbox, axis 4.............................................................................. 13
2.8 Oil change gearbox, axis 5.............................................................................. 14
2.9 Lubricating gearbox, axis 6............................................................................. 15
2.10 Checking mechanical stop, axis 1 ................................................................. 16
2.11 Changing the battery in the measuring system ............................................. 17
2.12 Changing filters/vacuum cleaning the drive-system cooling........................ 19
2.13 Changing the battery for memory back-up ................................................... 19
2.14 RAM Battery lifetime ................................................................................... 20
Product Manual IRB 6400R
1
Maintenance
CONTENTS
Page
2
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
Maintenance
The robot is designed to be able to work under very demanding conditions with a
minimum of maintenance. Nevertheless, certain routine checks and preventative
maintenance must be carried out at specified periodic intervals, as shown in the table
below.
• The exterior of the robot should be cleaned as required. Use a vacuum cleaner or
wipe it with a cloth. Compressed air and harsh solvents that can damage the
sealing joints, bearings, lacquer or cabling, must not be used.
• The control system is completely encased, which means that the electronics are
protected in a normal working environment. In very dusty environments, however,
the interior of the cabinet should be inspected at regular intervals. Use a vacuum
cleaner if necessary. Change filters in accordance with prescribed maintenance
procedures.
• Check that the sealing joints and cable glands are really airtight so that dust and
dirt are not sucked into the cabinet.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
3
Maintenance
1 Maintenance Schedule
Prescribed maintenance
Inspection
Maintenance intervals
twice a
year
4 000 h
or
2 years
once a
year
Balancing unit axis 2
Bearings, inspection
MANIPULATOR
5 years
20 000h
or
4 years
X
X1
Balancing unit axis 2
Bearings, greasing
Balancing unit axis 2
Piston rod/Guide ring
X2
Cabling (see Figure 1
Diagram 1).
X3
Mechanical stop axis 1
X4
Gearbox 6
Grease changing
X
X5
Gearboxes 1-5
Oil changing (see Figure 1
Diagram 2).
X
Oil level axes 1-5
X
Accumulator for
measuring system
Exchange
CONTROLLER
12 000 h
or
3 years
3 years6
Position Switch
X1
Filter for drive system cooling
X8
Memory back-up
Battery changing
X7
X
X
X8
1. For foundry operation.
2. If the robot operation is utilized in adverse conditions (for example: particle-laden environments, such as
spot welding, grinding, deflashing, etc.), perform preventive maintenance more frequently to ensure proper
reliability of the robot system. See section 2.5.
3. Inspect all visible cabling. Change if damaged (valid for all cabling except cabling on axes 1 and 4).
4. Check the mechanical stop devices for deformation and damage. If the stop pin or the
adjustable stop arm is bent, it must be replaced. See section 2.10.
5. For press-tending (refers to grease changing and operating life for gearbox axis 6) and heavy duty operation,
axis 1 (option 5x is installed) see Figure 2 and Figure 3.
6. See section 2.11.
7. Not required in an ordinary industrial environment
8. See section 2.14.
4
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
Diagram 1. Cabling Life Time (3-Shift = 500,000 cycles per year
or 5,000 h per year)
Min. Lift time
(Years)
Manipulator axis 1
8
Manipulator axis 4
6
4
PT Manipulator axis 1
2
25mm2 SW-cabling internal
1
35mm2 SW-cabling internal
(Rotation Angle)
±90°
±150°
±250°
Note!
Diagram 2 Oil Axis 1 (3-Shift)
- The rest of the manipulator
and customer cabling = 8 years
Min. Life time
(Years)
- SW = Spot Welding
- PT = Press Tending
4
3
2
1
(Cycle time)
10s (PT)
40s (SW)
Figure 1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
5
Maintenance
Axis 6
Operation (h)
12 000
11 000
10 000
9 000
8 000
7 000
6 000
5 000
4 000
50
100
Moment of
inertia Ja6 (kgm2)
120
Figure 2 Recommended interval for changing grease on axis 6
Life time (operation) (h)
40 000
30 000
20 000
10 000
50
100
120
Moment of
inertia Ja6 (kgm2)
Figure 3 Approx. estimate of operating life of gearbox axis 6 as a function of the moment of
inertia Ja6. Ja6 according to the Product Specification, chapter 3.
6
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
2 Instructions for Maintenance
2.1 General instructions for the manipulator
Check regularly:
• for any oil leaks. If a major oil leak is discovered, call for service personnel.
• for excessive play in gears. If play develops, call for service personnel.
• that the cabling between the control cabinet and robot is not damaged.
Check after a collision with external objects:
• that the upper and lower arms and the wrist is not damaged. If damage is discovered,
call for service personnel.
Cleaning:
• Clean the robot exterior with a cloth when necessary. Do not use aggressive solvents
which may damage paint or cabling.
2.2 Checking the oil and grease levels
Axis 6
The level in the gearbox is checked by adding new grease, until grease comes out
through the special draining hole. See Chapter 2.9, Lubricating gearbox, axis 6.
Axes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
The level is checked by opening the oil plugs. See Chapter 2.3, Oil change gear box,
axis 1, Chapter 2.6, Oil change gear box, axes 2 and 3, Chapter 2.7, Oil change
gearbox, axis 4 and Chapter 2.8, Oil change gearbox, axis 5.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
7
Maintenance
2.3 Oil change gear box, axis 1
• Remove the cover on the base (4), see Figure 4.
• The drain hose is placed under the cover (3).
• Remove the plug from the hose.
• Remove air plug (1).
• Drain off the old oil through the hose.
• Refit the plug to the hose.
• Remove the filling plug (2).
• Fill up with new oil until the oil level reaches the lower edge of the filling hole (2).
See Volume below.
• Refit all plugs.
Volume:
- 11.5 litres. (3.35 US gallon)
Type of oil:
BP
Equivalents:
- BP
- Castrol
- Esso
- Klüber
- Mobil
- Optimol
- Shell
- Texaco
- Statoil
8
ABB 1171 2016-604
Energol GR-XP 320
Alpha SP 320
Spartan EP 320
Lamora 320
Mobilgear 632
Optigear 5180
Omala Oil 320
Meropa 320
Loadway EP
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
1
2
4
3
Figure 4 Lubricating gearbox, axis 1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
9
Maintenance
2.4 Inspect and lubricate the bearings, balancing units axis 2
The bearings should be inspected and lubricated every 12,000 hours.
1. Move axis 2 to the sync position.
Make sure the shaft between the upper and lower arms does not rotate when
unscrewing the KM nut.
2. Remove the KM- nuts (KM-10), the outer support washers and sealing rings.
Inspect
3. Fit the auxiliary shafts on the upper and lower axes (upper: aux. shaft
3HAB 5276-1, lower: aux. shaft 3HAB 5275-1). The shafts should be tightened to
their bottom position.
4. Off-load the bearings using an M10x50 screw at the cylinder top.
5. Put out the cylinder so that the inner rings are fully exposed. Wipe the inner rings
clean and check that there are no pressure marks or other similar deformations.
It is quite normal for the bearing races to have a darker colour than the surrounding
material.
6. Inspect the support washers and sealing rings.
7. Push in the cylinder, make sure the inner support washers and sealing rings gets in
correct position.
8. Remove the auxiliary shafts.
Lubrication
8. Fit the lubricating tool 3HAC 5222-1. The tool should be tightened to the bottom
position using hand power only.
9. Grease through the nipple. Continue greasing until the grease exudes behind the
inner sealing ring. Repeat procedure for the other bearings.
10. Remove the lubricating tool and clean the threads on the shaft ends free from
grease.
11. Remount the outer sealing rings, apply some grease on the support washers, apply
Loctite 243 on the KM nuts, not on the shafts, and tighten them to a torque
of 50-60 Nm.
12. Check play (min. 0.1 mm) between support washer and bearingseat at both
bearings.
13. N.B. Remove the M10x50 screw.
For more information about the procedure of replacing bearings, see Repairs.
10
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
Type of grease
- ABB art no. 1171 4013-301, quality 7 1401-301.
- ESSO Beacon EP 2.
- Shell Alvanina EP Grease.
- SKF Grease LGEP 2.
- BP Energrease LS-EP2.
Type of grease to Foundry robots
- - Shell Retinax MS
2.5 Lubricating piston rod, balancing unit axis 2
Move axis 2 to a position where the balancing units are in the horizontal position.
Wear
Check the guide ring for wear. If there is a risk of metallic contact between the piston
rod and the end cover, the guide ring must be replaced. For replacement, see Repairs.
The article number of the guide ring is 3HAC 3476-1.
Lubrication
The piston rods should be lubricated. Clean the piston rod and apply new grease when
necessary.
Type of grease
- Castrol Spheerol SX2 or equivalent.
- Shell Grease 1352 CA EP2.
- OK Super Grease L2.
- Statoil Uniway 2X2N.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
11
Maintenance
2.6 Oil change gear box, axes 2 and 3
• Remove the air (1) and drain (3) plugs. See Figure 5.
• Drain off the old oil through the hole (3).
• Remove the filler plug(2).
• Refit the drain plug (3).
• Fill up with new oil until the oil level reaches the lower edge of the filling hole (2).
See Volume below.
• Refit the filler and air plugs.
Volume:
- 12 litres. (3.50 US gallon)
Type of oil:
BP
ABB 1171 2016-604
Equivalents:
- BP
- Castrol
- Esso
- Klüber
- Mobil
- Optimol
- Shell
- Texaco
- Statoil
Energol GR-XP 320
Alpha SP 320
Spartan EP 320
Lamora 320
Mobilgear 632
Optigear 5180
Omala Oil 320
Meropa 320
Loadway EP
1
2
3
Figure 5 Drain holes, axes 2 and 3.
12
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
2.7 Oil change gearbox, axis 4
• Move the upper arm to the horizontal position.
• Remove the plugs (A) and (B).
• Drain off the old oil through the hole (A). See Figure 6.
• Clean the magnetic drain plug before refitting.
• Refit the drain plug (A).
• Fill up with new oil until the oil level reaches the lower edge of the filling hole (B).
Volume approx.:
- 6 litres (1.75 US gallon).
Correct oil level for axis 4 is to the lower edge of the upper oil level plug (B).
B
A
Figure 6 Drain hole axis 4
Type of oil:
- ABB 1171 2016-604
Equivalents:
- BP
- Castrol
- Esso
- Klüber
- Mobil
- Optimol
- Shell
- Texaco
- Statoil
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Energol GR-XP 320
Alpha SP 320
Spartan EP 320
Lamora 320
Mobilgear 632
Optigear 5180
Omala Oil 320
Meropa 320
Loadway EP
13
Maintenance
2.8 Oil change gearbox, axis 5
• Move the upper arm to the horizontal position with axis 4 turned +90o.
• Open the oil plug 1, and then oil plug 2 so that air can enter.
• Rotate axis 4 manually backwards and forwards to drain the oil, after first releasing
the brake on axis 4.
• Clean the magnetic drain before refitting.
• Turn axis 4 through -90o before filling oil. Fill oil through hole 2 until the oil is level
with the lower edge of the filler hole.
Volume approx:
- 6 litres (1.75 US gallon).
Correct oil level for axis 5 is to the lower edge of the oil level plug.
2
1
Figure 7 Oil change axis 5.
Type of oil:
- ABB 1171 2016-604
Equivalents:
- BP
- Castrol
- Esso
- Klüber
- Mobil
- Optimol
- Shell
- Texaco
- Statoil
14
Energol GR-XP 320
Alpha SP 320
Spartan EP 320
Lamora 320
Mobilgear 632
Optigear 5180
Omala Oil 320
Meropa 320
Loadway EP
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
2.9 Lubricating gearbox, axis 6
• Remove the plug from the drain hole (1). See Figure 8
WARNING! It is important that the drain plug is removed.
• Grease through the radial nipple of the turning gear (2).
• Rotate axis 6 while greasing.
• Continue to grease until new grease exudes from the drain hole (1). See Volume
below.
Move axis 6 backwards and forwards a couple of times before the plugs are replaced,
so that excess grease is pressed out. This is to prevent over-pressure in the gearbox,
with risks for leakage.
Volume:
- 0.30 litres (0.085 US gallon).
- About 0.4 litres (0.11 US gallon) should be used when changing the grease.
Type of grease:
- Teijin Seiki
Molywhite
Guide hole
13o
RE No. 00
ABB 3HAC 2331-1
2
1
Figure 8 Greasing axis 6.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
15
Maintenance
2.10 Checking mechanical stop, axis 1
Check regularly, as follows:
Fixed stop:
- that the stop is not bent.
Stop pin:
- that the stop pin can move in both directions
- that the stop pin is not bent.
Adjustable stops:
- that the stops are not bent.
Rubber dampers (axes 2 and 3).
- The rubber dampers on axes 2 and 3 will be deformed in the event of a
mechanical stop and should be replaced by new ones.
WARNING!
1. If the fixed stop arm is bent, no attempt must be made to straightened it.
2. If the pin is bent, a collision between the swinging stop arm and the stop pin has
probably occurred. A bent stop pin must always be replaced by a new one.
3. If any of the adjustable stops are bent, they must be replaced by new ones.
Article number
16
Stop pin
3HAC 3667-1
Adjustable stop
3HAC 4656-1
3HAC 4657-1
15°
7.5°
(Option)
(Option)
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
2.11 Changing the battery in the measuring system
The battery to be replaced is located under the cover (see Figure 9).
The robot is delivered with a lithium battery.
The battery must never be thrown away. It must always be handled as hazardous waste.
• Set the robot to the MOTORS OFF operating mode. (This means that it will not have
to be coarse-calibrated after the change.)
• Loosen the battery terminals from the serial measuring board and remove the 4
screws that keeps the battery in place (see Figure 10).
• Install a new battery and connect the terminals to the serial measuring board.
Figure 9 Battery location.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
17
Maintenance
.
.
These 4 screws hold the
battery in place.
Figure 10 Fastening the battery.
The lithium battery needs no charging and for this reason there is a blocking diode
which prevents charging from the serial measurement board.
Two types of lithium battery are available:
- a 3-cell battery, art.no. 3HAB 9999-1
- a 6-cell battery, art.no. 3HAB 9999-2
The service life of the lithium battery depends on how frequently the user switches off
the power. The estimated max service life in years for the different types of lithium
battery and the recommended exchange intervals are shown below:
User type:
Exchange 3-cell:
Exchange 6-cell:
1. Vacation (4 weeks) power off
every 5 years
every 5 years*
2. Weekend power off + user type 1
every 2 years
every 4 years
3. Nightly power off + user types 1 and 2
every year
every 2 years
* Because of material ageing the maximum service life is 5 years.
Voltage of batteries, measured at power off:
Lithium
18
nom. 10,8V
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Maintenance
2.12 Changing filters/vacuum cleaning the drive-system cooling
The article number of the filter is 3HAB 8028-1.
• Loosen the filter holder on the outside of the door by moving the holder upwards.
• Remove the old filter and install a new one (or clean the old one and re-install it).
• When cleaning, the rough surface (on the clean-air side) should be turned inwards.
Clean the filter three or four times in 30-40° water with washing-up liquid or
detergent. The filter must not be wrung out, but should be allowed to dry on a flat
surface. Alternatively, the filter can be blown clean with compressed air from the
clean-air side.
• If an air filter is not used, the entire cooling duct must be vacuum cleaned regularly.
2.13 Changing the battery for memory back-up
Type: Lithium Battery.
The article number of the battery is 3HAB 2038-1
The batteries (two) are located under the top cover to the right, at the top of the rear
wall (see Figure 11).
.
Plan view
Front view
Warning:
Warning:
• Do not charge the batteries. An explosion could
result or the cells could overheat.
Do not incinerate or dispose of lithium
batteries in general waste collection, as
there is a risk of explosion. Batteries
should be collected for disposal in a
manner that prevents short circuitting,
compacting, or destruction of case
integrity and the hermetic seal.
• Do not open, puncture, crush, or otherwise mutilate the batteries. This could cause an explosion
and/or expose toxic, corrosive, and inflammable
liquids.
• Do not incinerate the batteries or expose them to
high temperatures. Do not attempt to solder batteries. An explosion could result.
• Do not connect positive and negative terminals.
Excessive heat could build up, causing severe
burns.
Figure 11 The location of the batteries.
• Note from the teach pendant which of the two batteries has expired and needs
replacement.
• Loosen the expired battery terminal from the backplane.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
19
Maintenance
• Remove the battery by loosening the clasps.
• Insert the new battery and fasten the clasps.
• Connect the battery terminal to the backplane.
• If both batteries must be replaced, make sure that the power is kept on. Otherwise, all
the memory contents will be erased. A completely new installation of Robot Ware and
parameters is then necessary, see Installation and Commissioning.
2.14 RAM Battery lifetime
The maximum service life of the lithium battery is five years. The lifetime is influenced
by the installed memory board type and by the length of time the system is without
power.
The following table indicates the minimum time, in months, that memory will be held
if the system is without power:
Memory board size
First battery
Both batteries
4 MB
6
12
6 MB
5
10
8 MB
6.5
13
16 MB
5
10
A battery test is performed on the following occasions:
1. System diagnostics (before software installation). Failing the test will result in one
of the following messages on the display:
- “Warning: Battery 1 or 2 < 3.3V” i.e. one of the batteries is empty.
- “Error: Battery 1 and 2 < 3.3V” i.e. both batteries are empty.
2. Warm start. Failing test results in one of the following messages on the display:
- 31501 Battery voltage too low on battery 1.
- 31502 Battery voltage too low on battery 2.
- 31503 Battery voltage too low on both batteries.
20
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Troubleshooting Tools
CONTENTS
Page
1 Diagnostics................................................................................................................
1.1 Tests ................................................................................................................
1.2 Monitor Mode 2 ..............................................................................................
1.2.1 Entering the test mode from the teach pendant ...................................
1.2.2 Console connected to a PC ..................................................................
3
5
6
7
7
2 Indication LEDs on the Various Units ................................................................... 14
2.1 Location of units in the cabinet....................................................................... 14
2.2 Robot computer DSQC 363/373 ..................................................................... 14
2.3 Main computer DSQC 361 ............................................................................. 15
2.4 Memory board DSQC 324/16Mb, 323/8Mb, 317/6 Mb, 321/4MB................ 15
2.5 Ethernet DSQC 336 ........................................................................................ 16
2.6 Power supply units .......................................................................................... 17
2.7 Panel unit DSQC 331...................................................................................... 19
2.8 Digital and Combi I/O units............................................................................ 20
2.9 Analog I/O, DSQC 355................................................................................... 21
2.10 Remote I/O DSQC 350, Allen Bradley......................................................... 22
2.11 Interbus-S, slave DSQC 351 ......................................................................... 23
2.12 Profibus-DP, DSQC352 ................................................................................ 24
2.13 Encoder unit, DSQC354 ............................................................................... 25
2.14 Status LEDs description................................................................................ 27
3 Measuring Points ..................................................................................................... 30
3.1 Back plane....................................................................................................... 30
3.2 Signal description, RS 232 and RS 485 .......................................................... 31
3.3 X1 and X2 Serial links: SIO 1 and SIO 2 ....................................................... 33
3.4 X9 Maintenance plug ...................................................................................... 34
3.4.1 Power supply ....................................................................................... 34
3.4.2 X9 VBATT 1 and 2 ............................................................................. 35
3.4.3 Drive system........................................................................................ 35
3.4.4 Measuring system................................................................................ 36
3.4.5 Disk drive ............................................................................................ 37
3.4.6 Teach pendant...................................................................................... 38
3.4.7 CAN..................................................................................................... 39
3.4.8 Safety................................................................................................... 39
Product Manual
1
Troubleshooting Tools
CONTENTS
Page
2
Product Manual
Troubleshooting Tools
Troubleshooting Tools
Generally speaking, troubleshooting should be carried out as follows:
• Read any error messages shown on the teach pendant display.
What these messages mean is described in System and Error Messages.
• Check the LEDs on the units. See Indication LEDs on the Various Units page 14.
• Switch the power off and then on. When the robot is started up, a self diagnostic is
run which detects any errors. The tests performed during the self diagnostic are
described in the chapter Diagnostics page 3.
• Check the cables, etc., with the help of the circuit diagram.
1 Diagnostics
The control system is supplied with diagnostic software to facilitate troubleshooting
and to reduce downtime. Any errors detected by the diagnostics are displayed in plain
language with an code number on the display of the teach pendant.
All system and error messages are logged in a common log which contains the last 50
messages saved. This enables an “error audit trail” to be made which can be analysed.
The log can be accessed from the Service window using the teach pendant during normal operation and can be used to read or delete the logs. All system and error messages
available are listed in User’s Guide.
The diagnostic programs are stored in flash PROM on the robot computer board. The diagnostic programs are executed by the I/O computer.
The control system runs through various tests depending on the start up mode:
Cold Start Cold starts occur normally only when the control system is started the first time, or when
any computer board has been replaced, or when the batteries have been disconnected.
First, the test programs are executed by the robot computer (I/O computer) and the
main computer. These tests and the test results are displayed on the teach pendant. If
the tests do not indicate any errors, a message will appear on the display, requesting
you to insert a system diskette into the disk drive. If, however, the diagnostics detect
an error, a message will appear on the display and the test will be stopped until the user
hits a key on the teach pendant or on a terminal connected to the front connector on the
robot computer.
Warm Start is the normal type of start up when the robot is powered on. During a warm start, only a
subset of the test program is executed. These tests and the test results are displayed on the
teach pendant.
Another type of warm start, INIT, is carried out via a push button located on the backplane (see section 3). INIT is very similar to switching the power on. The tests that are
run depend on whether or not the system is booted.
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Monitor Mode 2 is a test condition in which a large number of tests can be run. A detailed description will
be found in Chapter 1.2.
Under normal operating conditions, a number of test programs are run in the background.
The operating system ensures that the tests can be run whenever there is a time slot.
The background tests are not seen in normal circumstances, but will give an indication
when an error occurs.
Flow Chart of Diagnostic Software
= PROM memory code
Power on
INIT
RESET
Warm or
cold start?
Warm
Cold
Cold start
Rudimentary
Run PROM tests
System boot
Set start up mode
Warm
Warm
Warm start
Rudimentary
Release system
Start up mode
Warm
I/O
COMPUTER
System in operation
Set flag for warm start
MAIN
COMPUTER
4
Operating
mode
Service
mode
Reset
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Troubleshooting Tools
1.1 Tests
Most of the internal robot tests are only run when the robot is cold started. All the tests
can be run in Monitor Mode 2, as described in Chapter 1.2. Non destructive memory tests,
checksum tests, etc., are only run when the robot is warm started.
Cold start tests in consecutive order.
IOC = Robot computer
AXC = Robot computer
MC = Main computer
At every “power on”, the IOC makes a destructive RWM test. If it fails, the IOC will flash
the NS and MS front LEDs and stop the program running.
# T1504: IOC Red LED off
# T1005: IOC Memory test (RWM) Non Destructive
# T1018: IOC Battery test
# T1053: IOC IOC->AXC Access test
# T1062: IOC IOC->AXC AM test
# T1067: IOC IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM)
# T1068: IOC IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM) R6 Global
# T1069: IOC IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM) DSP
# T1070: IOC Enable AXC->IOC Interrupts
# T1061: IOC IOC->AXC Load AXC
# T3001: AXC RWM test Dist.
# T3002: AXC R6 Global RWM test
# T3003: AXC DSP Double access RWM test
# T3004: AXC DSP Data RWM test
# T3020: AXC VME interrupt test
# T3023: AXC Test channels output test
# T1071: IOC Disable AXC->IOC Interrupts
# T1046: IOC IOC->MC Access test
# T1048: IOC IOC->MC AM test
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# T1050: IOC IOC->MC Memory test Destructive, Low win
# T1506: IOC IOC->MC LED off
# T1508: IOC IOC->ERWM LED off
# T1512: IOC IOC->MC Load MC
# T1509: IOC IOC->MC Release MC
# T2002: MC Memory test (RWM) Destructive
# T2010: MC Memory test (RWM) BM Destructive
# T1510: IOC IOC->MC Reset MC
Warm start tests in consecutive order.
IOC = Robot computer
At every “power on”, the IOC makes a destructive RWM test. If it fails, the IOC will
flash the NS and MS front LEDs and stop the program running.
# T1504: IOC LED off
# T1005: IOC Memory test (RWM) Non Destructive
# T1018: IOC Battery test
1.2 Monitor Mode 2
When the system is in Monitor Mode 2, a large number of tests can be run.
These tests must be performed only by authorised service personnel. It should be
noted that some of the tests will cause activity on customer connections and drive
systems, which can result in damage, accidents etc. unless suitable precautionary
measures are taken. It is advisable to disconnect all the connections involved during these tests.
To ensure that all memory addresses are resetted after testing shall the system be
cold started.
The test mode Monitor mode 2 can be run from the teach pendant and/or a connected
PC/terminal.
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1.2.1 Entering the test mode from the teach pendant
1. Press the backplane TEST button, see section 3.
2. Keep the button depressed.
3. Push the INIT button, see section 3 (keep the TEST button pressed in).
4. Keep the TEST button depressed for at least 5 sec. (after releasing of the INIT button).
5. The display will show the following:
MONITOR MODE 2
if you proceed, system data will
be lost! Press any key to accept.
6. Then enter the password: 4433221.
1.2.2 Console connected to a PC
A PC with terminal emulation (see PC manual). The PC shall be set up for 9600 baud, 8
bits, no parity, and shall be connected to the Console terminal on the front of the robot
computer board.
Connection table: Console terminal on robot and main computer
Console
Pin
Signal
Description
2
RXD
Serial receive data
3
TXD
Serial transmit data
5
GND
Signal ground (0V)
Start up:
1. Connect the PC.
2. Turn on the power to the robot.
Entering the test mode from a PC/terminal:
1. Press the backplane TEST button, see section 3.
2. Keep the button depressed.
3. Push the INIT button, see section 3 (keep the TEST button pressed in).
4. Keep the TEST button depressed for at least 5 sec. (after release of the INIT button).
5. The display will show the following:
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Troubleshooting Tools
MONITOR MODE 2
if you proceed, system data will
be lost! Press any key on the PC to accept.
6. Then enter the password: ROBSERV.
When the password has been entered (see above), a menu will be displayed, as shown
below:
Welcome to Monitor Mode 2
1. Memory IO
2. Serial IO
3. Elementary IO
4. DSQC 3xx (IOC)
5. DSQC 3xx (AXC)
6. DSQC 3xx (MC, ERWM)
7. System tests (MISC)
8. Auxiliary
9. Specific test
(Tests the memory)
(Tests the serial channels)
(Tests the IO units) Not yet implemented
(Tests the IO computer)
(Tests the axes computer)
(Tests the main computer and external memory
boards)
(System-related tests)
(Special tests) Not yet implemented
(Specific tests that can be run separately)
10. T1060 IOC System reset
Select test group and the test group menu will be displayed.
1. T9901 Memory IO
1. Up one level
2. FLOPPY
1. Up one level
2. T1039 IOC Floppy Format Test
3. T1040 IOC Floppy Write/Read Test
3. IOC RWM
1. Up one level
2. T1516 TIOC RWM size
3. T1005 IOC Memory test (RWM) Non destructive
4. AXC RWM
1. Up one level
2. T1067 IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM)
3. T1068 IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM) R6 Global
4. T1069 IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM) DSP
5. T3001 AXC RWM test Destr
6. T3002 AXC R6 Global RWM test
7. T3003 AXC DSP Double access RWM test
8. T3004 AXC DSP Data RWM test
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5. MC/ERWM RWM
1. Up one level
2. T1517 MC/ERWM RWM size
3. T1047 IOC IOC->MC Memory test Destructive
4. T2002 MC Memory test (RWM) Destructive
5. T2010 MC Memory test (RWM) BM Destructive
6. PROM (Not yet implemented)
2. T9902 Serial I/O
1. Up one level
2. SIO 1 (Not yet implemented)
3. SIO 2
1. Up one level
2. T1029 IOC SIO2 RS422 loopback test
3. T1033 IOC SIO2 RS422 JUMPER test (Requires special hardware jumpers)
4. CONSOLE (Not yet implemented)
5. TPUNIT (Not yet implemented)
3. T9903 Elementary I/O (Not yet implemented)
4. T9911 DSQC 3xx (IOC)
1. Up one level
2. IOC CPU (Not yet implemented)
3. PROM (Not yet implemented)
4. RWM
1. Up one level
2. T1516 IOC RWM size
3. T1005 IOC Memory test (RWM) Non Destructive
5. RTC (Not yet implemented)
6. FDC
1. T9800 Up one level
2. T1039 IOC Floppy Format Test
3. T1040 IOC Floppy Write/Read Test
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7. UART
1. T9800 Up one level
2. T1029 IOC SIO2 RS422 loopback test
3. T1013 IOC TPUNIT RS422 loopback test
4. T1033 IOC SIO2 RS422 JUMPER test (requires special hardware jumpers)
5. T1022 IOC TPUNIT RS422 JUMPER test (Requires special hardware jumpers
and must be run from terminal)
8. DMA (Not yet implemented)
9. VME (Not yet implemented)
10. Miscellaneous
1. Up one level
2. T1018 IOC Battery test startup
3. T1060 IOC System Reset
11. LED
1. Up one level
2. T1503 IOC LED on
3. T1504 IOC LED off
4. T1518 IOC CAN LEDs sequence test
5. DSQC 3xx (AXC)
1. Up one level
2. AXC CPU (Not yet implemented)
3. RWM
1. T9800 Up one level
2. T1067 IOC IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM)
3. T1068 IOC IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM) R6 Global
4. T1069 IOC IOC->AXC Memory test (RWM) DSP
5. T3001 AXC RWM test Dstr
6. T3002 AXC R6 Global RWM test
7. T3003 AXC DSP Double access RWM test
8. T3004 AXC DSP Data RWM test
4. VME
1. Up one level
2. T1053 IOC IOC->AXC Access test
3. T1062 IOC IOC->AXC AM test
4. T3020 AXC VME interrupt test
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5. Miscellaneous
1. Up one level
2. T1072 IOC IOC->AXC Reset AXC
3. T1071 IOC Enable AXC->IOC Interrupts
4. T1061 IOC IOC->AXC Load AXC
5. T3018 AXC ASIC ID number
6. T3019 AXC Board ID number
7. T3023 AXC Test channels output test
8. T1071 IOC Disable AXC->IOC Interrupts
6. DSQC 3xx (MC, ERWM)
1. Up one level
2. MC CPU (Not yet implemented)
3. RWM
1. Up one level
2. T1517 MC/ERWM RWM size
3. T1047 IOC IOC->MC Memory test Destructive
4. T2002 MC Memory test (RWM) Destructive
5. T2010 MC Memory test (RWM) BM Destructive
4. LED
1. Up one level
2. T1505 IOC IOC->MC LED on
3. T1506 IOC IOC->MC LED off
4. T1507 IOC IOC->ERWM LED on
5. T1508 IOC IOC->ERWM LED off
6. T2501 MC LED on
7. T2502 MC LED off
5. Duart (Not yet implemented)
6. VME
1. Up one level
2. T1048 IOC IOC->MC AM test
3. T1046 IOC IOC->MC Access test
7. DMA (Not yet implemented)
8. Miscellanous
1. Up one level
2. T1512 LOAD MC DIAG
3. T1509 ENABLE MC
4. T1510 DISABLE (RESET) MC
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7. System tests (Misc.)
1. Up one level
2. Battery
1. Up one level
2. T1018 IOC Battery test startup
3. IOC->MC
1. Up one level
2. T1046 IOC IOC->MC Access test
3. T1048 IOC IOC->MC AM test
4. T1505 IOC IOC->MC LED on
5. T1506 IOC IOC->MC LED off
6. T1507 IOC IOC->ERWM LED on
7. T1508 IOC IOC->ERWM LED off
8. T1512 LOAD MC DIAG
9. T1509 ENABLE MC
10. T1510 DISABLE (RESET) MC
11. T2501 MC LED on
12. T2502 MC LED off
4. IOC->AXC
1. T9800 Up one level
2. T1062 IOC IOC->AXC AM test
3. T1053 IOC IOC->AXC Access test
4. T1072 IOC IOC->AXC Reset AXC
5. T1070 IOC Enable AXC->IOC Interrupts
6. T1061 IOC IOC->AXC Load AXC
7. T3018 AXC ASIC ID number
8. T3019 AXC Board ID number
9. T3020 AXC VME interrupt test
10. T3023 AXC Test channels output test
11. T1071 IOC Disable AXC->IOC Interrupts
5. MC->AXC (Not yet implemented)
6. AXC->IOC (Not yet implemented)
7. VME (Not yet implemented)
8. RTC (Not yet implemented)
9. Reset password (Re-boot required)
10. Cold start (Not yet implemented)
8. Auxiliary (Not yet implemented)
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9. Specific test
Specific test Txxxx
<Q> <q> or < > to quit
Enter test number Txxxx: T
10. IOC System reset (Not yet implemented)
All available tests have been defined in Chapter 1.1.
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Troubleshooting Tools
2 Indication LEDs on the Various Units
Optional board
Optional board
Transformer
Main computer
Supply
unit
Memory board
Robot computer
Drive unit 1
Drive unit 2
Drive unit 3
DC link
2.1 Location of units in the cabinet
IRB 1400
IRB 2400
IRB 4400
IRB 6400
IRB 640
IRB 840/A
IRB 340
Axes
Axes
Axes
Axes
Axes
Axes
Axes
1
1, 2, 4
1, 2, 4
1, 6
1, 6
1, 6
1(X), 6(C)
2, 1
2
3, 5, 6
3, 5, 6
2, 4
2, 4
2, 3
2(Y), 3(Z)
(4), 3
3, 5
3, 5
Drive unit
3
2.2 Robot computer DSQC 363/373
SIO1
TxD RxD
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
F
Red
Turns off when the board approves the
initialisation.
TxD
Yellow
See section 2.14.
RxD
Yellow
See section 2.14.
NS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
MS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
SIO2
TxD RxD
CAN
NS MS
DSQC
322
F
C
O
N
S
O
L
E
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2.3 Main computer DSQC 361
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
F
Red
Turns off when the board approves the
initialisation.
DSQC
361
F
2.4 Memory board DSQC 324/16Mb, 323/8Mb
Designation
F
Colour
Description/Remedy
Red
Turns off when the board approves the
initialisation.
DSQC
3xx
F
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2.5 Ethernet DSQC 336
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
TxD
Yellow
Indicates data transmit activity.
If no light when transmission is
expected, check error messages and
check also system boards in rack.
RxD
Yellow
Indicates data receive activity.
If no light, check network and
connections.
NS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
MS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
F
Red
Lit after reset. Thereafter controlled
by the CPU.
Light without message on display
indicates a hardware fault preventing
system from strating.
By light and message on display, check
message.
LAN
TXD RXD
CAN
NS MS
A
U
I
DSQC
336
F
T
P
E
C
O
N
S
O
L
E
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2.6 Power supply units
DSQC 334
X1
X5
AC OK
X2
X3
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
AC OK
Green
3 x 55V supply OK
(start of ENABLE chain)
DSQC 374/365
New “standard” power supply unit DSQC 374, introduced week 826 (M98 rev. 1)
New “extended” power supply unit DSQC 365 introduced week 840.
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Troubleshooting Tools
X1
X3
X5
AC OK
24 V I/O
X7
Only
DSQC 365
X2
18
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
AC OK
Green
3 x 55V supply OK
(start of ENABLE chain)
24 V I/O
Green
24 V I/O OK
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Troubleshooting Tools
2.7 Panel unit DSQC 331
WARNING!
REMOVE JUMPERS BEFORE CONNECTING
ANY EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT
EN
MS NS
ES1 ES2 GS1 GS2 AS1 AS2
Status LED’s
Product Manual
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
EN
Green
Enable signal from power supply
and computers
MS/NS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
ES1 and 2
Yellow
Emergency stop chain 1 and 2 closed
GS1 and 2
Yellow
General stop switch chain 1 and 2 closed
AS1 and 2
Yellow
Auto stop switch chain 1 and 2 closed
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Troubleshooting Tools
2.8 Digital and Combi I/O units
All the I/O units have the same LED indications. The figure below shows a digital
I/O unit, DSQC 328.
The description below is applicable for the following I/O units:
Digital I/O DSQC 328, Combi I/O DSQC 327,
Relay I/O DSQC 332 and 120 VAC I/O DSQC 320.
Status LED’s
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
OUT
MS
IN
NS
X1
X3
OUT
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
IN
X2
1
1
10
1
10
X4
1
10
10
1
12
X5
20
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
IN
Yellow
Lights at high signal on an input.
The higher the applied voltage, the
brighter the LED will shine. This
means that even if the input voltage
is just under the voltage level “1”,
the LED will glow dimly.
OUT
Yellow
Lights at high signal on an output.
The higher the applied voltage, the
brighter the LED will shine.
MS/NS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
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Troubleshooting Tools
2.9 Analog I/O, DSQC 355
Bus status LED’s
Bus staus LED’s
X8
X7
S2 S3
X2
X5 X3
MS
Analog I/O
DSQC 355
N.U
RS232 Rx
CAN Rx
+5V
+12V
N.U
RS232 Tx
CAN Tx
-12V
NS
ABB flexible Automation
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
NS/MS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
RS232 Rx
Green
Indicates the state of the RS232 Rx line.
LED is active when receiving data.
If no light, check communication line and connections.
RS232 Tx
Green
Indicates the state of the RS232 Tx line.
LED is active when tranceiving data.
If no light when transmission is expected, check
error messages and check also system boards in
rack.
Green
Indicates that supply voltage is present and at
correct level.
Check that voltage is present on power unit.
Check that power is present in power connector.
If not, check cables and connectors.
If power is applied to unit but unit does not
work, replace the unit.
+5VDC / +12VDC /
-12VDC
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2.10 Remote I/O DSQC 350, Allen Bradley
POWER
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
NAC STATUS
Bus status LED’s
POWER
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
X5
X9
X3
22
X8
DSQC 350
NAC STATUS
ABB Flexible Atomation
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
POWER-24 VDC
Green
Indicates that a supply voltage is
present, and has a level above 12 VDC.
If no light, check that voltage is present on
power unit. That power is present in power
connector. If not, check cables and connectors.
If power is applied to unit but unit does not
work, replace unit.
NS/MS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
CAN Tx/CAN Rx Yellow
See section 2.14.
NAC STATUS
Steady green indicates RIO link in
operation.
If no light, check network, cables and
connections.
Check that PLC is operational.
Flashing green, communication
established, but INIT_COMPLETE bit
not set in NA chip, or configuration or
rack size etc. not matching configuration
set in PLC.
If LED keeps flashing continuously, check
setup
Green
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2.11 Interbus-S, slave DSQC 351
X21
RC
BA
RBDA
POWER
Interbus-S
CAN Rx
CAN Tx
MS
NS
POWER
X5
Product Manual
DSQC 351
X20
ABB Flexible Automation
Bus status LED’s
POWER
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
POWER
RBDA
BA
RC
X3
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
POWER-24 VDC
Green
Indicates that a supply voltage is present,
and has a level above 12 VDC.
NS/MS
Green/red See section 2.14.
CAN Tx/CAN Rx
Green/red See section 2.14.
POWER- 5 VDC
Green
Lit when both 5 VDC supplies are within
limits, and no reset is active.
RBDA
Red
Lit when this Interbus-S station is last
in the Interbus-S network.
If not as required, check parameter setup.
BA
Green
Lit when Interbus-S is active.
If no light, check network, nodes and
connections
RC
Green
Lit when Interbus-S communication
runs without errors.
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PROFIBUS ACTIVE
Profibus
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
POWER
X5
Bus status LED’s
Profibus active
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
DSQC 352
X20
ABB Flexible Automation
2.12 Profibus-DP, DSQC352
Power
X3
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
Profibus active
with
Green
Lit when the node is communicating
the master. If no light, check system
messages in robot and in Profibus net.
24
NS/MS
Green/red See section 2.14.
CAN Tx/CAN Rx
Green/red See section 2.14.
POWER, 24 VDC
Green
Indicates that a supply voltage is
present, and has a level above 12 VDC.
If no light, check that voltage is present
in power unit.Check that power is
present in the power connector. If not,
check cables and connectors. If power
is available at the unit but the unit does
not function, replace the unit
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Troubleshooting Tools
2.13 Encoder interface unit, DSQC354
ABB Flexible Automation
Status LED’s
X20
Encoder
CAN Rx
CAN Tx
MS
NS
POWER
X5
Product Manual
ENC 1A
ENC 1B
DIGIN 1
DSQC 354
Digin 2
Enc 2B
Enc 2A
Digin 1
Enc 1B
Enc 1A
POWER
NS
MS
CAN Tx
CAN Rx
X3
Designation
Colour
Description/Remedy
POWER, 24 VDC
Green
Indicates that a supply voltage is
present, and has a level above 12 VDC.
If no light, check that voltage is present on
power unit. That power is present in
connector X20. If not, check cables and
connectors.If power is applied to unit but
unit does not work, replace unit.
NS/MS
Green/red
See section 2.14.
CAN Tx/CAN Rx
Yellow
See section 2.14.
ENC 1A/1B
Green
Indicates phase 1 and 2 from encoder.
Flashes by each Encoder pulse.
By frequencies higher than a few Hz,
flashing can no longer be observed (light
will appear weaker).
If no light, faulty power supply for input
circuit (internal or external). Defective
input circuit on board. External wiring or
connectors, short circuit or broken wire.
Internal error in unit. Constant light indi
cates constant high level on input and vice
versa. No light in one LED indicates fault
in one encoder phase.
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Troubleshooting Tools
DIGIN1
26
Green
Digital input. Lit when digital input is
active. The input is used for external start
signal/conveyor synchronization point.
If no light, faulty limit switch, photocell
etc. External wiring or connectors, short
circuit or broken wire. Faulty power supply
for input circuit (internal or external).
Defective input circuit on board.
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Troubleshooting Tools
2.14 Status LEDs description
Each of the units connected to the CAN bus includes 2 or 4 LED indicators which indicate
the condition (health) of the unit and the function of the network communication. These
LEDs are:
All units
MS - Module status
NS - Network status
Some units:
CAN Tx - CAN network transmit
CAN Rx - CAN network receive
MS - Module status
This bicolour (green/red) LED provides device status. It indicates whether or not the device
has power and is operating properly. The LED is controlled by software. The table below
shows the different states of the MS LED.
Description
Remedy / Source of fault
Off
No power applied to the device.
Check power supply.
Green
If no light, check other LED modes.
Device is operating in a normal condition.
Flashing green
Device needs commissioning due to
configuration missing, incomplete or
incorrect. The device may be in the
Stand-by state.
Check system parameters.
Check messages.
Flashing red
Recoverable minor fault.
Check messages.
Red
The device has an unrecoverable fault.
Device may need replacing.
Flashing red/green
The device is running self test.
If flashing for more than a few seconds,
check hardware.
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Troubleshooting Tools
NS - Network status
The bicolour (green/red) LED indicates the status of the communication link. The LED
is controlled by software. The table below shows the different states of the NS LED.
28
Description
Remedy / Source of fault
Off
Device has no power or is not on-line.
The device has not completed the
Dup_MAC_ID test yet.
Check status of MS LED.
Check power to affected module.
Flashing green
Device is on-line, but has no connections
in the established state.
The device has passed the Dup_MAC_ID
test, is on-line, but has no established
connections to other nodes.
For a group 2 only device it means that
the device is not allocated to a master.
For a UCMM capable device it means
that the device has no established
connections.
Check that other nodes in network are
operative.
Check parameter to see if module has
correct ID.
Green
The device is on-line and has connection
in the established state.
For a group 2 only device it means that
the device is allocated to a master.
For a UCMM capable device it means
that the device has one or more
established connections.
If no light, check other LED modes.
Flashing red
One or more I/O connections are in the
Time-Out state.
Check system messages.
Red
Failed communication device. The device
has detected an error that has rendered it
incapable of communicating on the
network.
(Duplicate MAC_ID, or Bus-off).
Check system messages and parameters.
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Troubleshooting Tools
Module- and network status LEDs at power-up
The system performs a test of the MS and NS LEDs during start-up. The purpose of this test
is to check that all LEDs are functioning properly. The test runs as follows:
- - NS LED is switched Off.
- - MS LED is switched On green for approx. 0.25 seconds.
- - MS LED is switched On red for approx. 0.25 seconds.
- - MS LED is switched On green.
- - NS LED is switched On green for approx. 0.25 seconds.
- - NS LED is switched On red for approx. 0.25 seconds.
- - NS LED is switched On red.
If a device has other LEDs, each LED is tested in sequence.
CAN Tx - CAN network transmit
Description
Remedy / Source of fault
Green LED. Physically connected to the
Can Tx line. Flashes when the CPU is
receiving data on the CAN bus.
If no light when transmission is expected,
check error messages.
Check system boards in rack.
CAN Rx - CAN network receive
Description
Remedy / Source of fault
Green LED. Physically connected to the
Can Rx line. Flashes when the CPU is
transmitting data on the Can bus.
If no light, check network and
connections.
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Troubleshooting Tools
3 Measuring Points
3.1 Back plane
The backplane contains a maintenance plug (X9) for signals that are hard to reach. Other signals are measured at their respective connection points, which can come in very handy when
troubleshooting (see Figure 1).
SIO1 and SIO 2 can also be D-sub contacts,
both variants will exist.
alt.
Serial ports
SIO 1 RS 232
SIO2 RS 422
Battery
1
2
Test points X5-X8
Maintenance
plug, X9
CAN3 (ext. I/O)
CAN2 (manip. I/O)
CAN1 (panel unit)
Drive units,
X14 (ext. axes)
Serial meas.
board 2, X12
(ext. axes)
Disk drive
- data
- supply
Accessible from
cabinet top
Accessible by
cabinet door
S1 = INIT button
S2 = TEST button
Drive units,
X22
(manipulator)
Serial meas.
board 1, X23
(manipulator)
Power supply
Power contact can also be
a 15-pole contact,
both variant will exsist
Figure 1 Back plane
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3.2 Signal description, RS 232 and RS 422
RS 232
Signal
Explanation
TXD
Transmit Data
RXD
Receive Data
DSR
Data Set Ready
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
CTS
Clear To Send
RTS
Request To Send
Stop bit (“1”)
Start bit (“0”)
10 V
0V
Byte 1
Byte 2
f=9600/19200 baud
Figure 2 Signal description for RS 232.
The transmission pattern can be single or bursts of 10 bit words, with one start bit “0”,
eight data bits (MSB first) and lastly one stop bit “1”.
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Troubleshooting Tools
RS 422
Signal
Explanation
TXD4/TXD4 N
Transmit Data in Full Duplex Mode
RXD4/RXD4 N
Receive Data in Full Duplex Mode
DATA4/DATA4 N
Data Signals in Half Duplex Mode
DCLK4/DCLK4 N
Data Transmission Clock
N.B! Only full duplex is supported.
Signal XXX
5V
5V
Signal XXX N
f= 9600 38400 baud
Figure 3 Signal description for RS 422, differential transmission.
When measuring the differential RS 422 signals, the oscilloscope should be set for AC
testing. The data transmission has the same structure as RS 232, i.e. 1 start bit + 8 data
bits + 1 stop bit, but the signals are differential. By looking at the “true” channel, it is
possible to read the data.
If the types of signal as shown in the above diagram are obtained when measuring, this
means that the drive circuits and lines are OK. If one or both of the signals do not move,
it is likely that one or several line(s) or one or several drive circuit(s) is/are faulty.
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3.3 X1 and X2 Serial links: SIO 1 and SIO 2
General serial interfaces: SIO 1 (X1) is an RS232 interface and
SIO 2 (X2) is an RS422 interface. Explanation of signals see 3.2.
Screw terminals
X1
X2
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
TXD
1
TXD
2
RTS N
2
TXD N
3
0V
3
0V
4
RXD
4
RXD
5
CTS N
5
RXD N
6
0V
6
0V
7
DTR
7
DATA
8
DSR
8
DATA N
9
0V
9
0V
10
10
DCLK
11
11
DCLK N
12
12
0V
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Troubleshooting Tools
D-sub connector
X1
Pin
X2
Signal
1
Pin
Signal
1
TXD
2
RXD
2
TXD N
3
TXD
3
RXD
4
DTR
4
RXD N
5
0V
5
0V
6
DSR
6
DATA
7
RTS N
7
DATA N
8
CTS N
8
DCLK
9
DCLK N
9
3.4 X9 Maintenance plug
3.4.1 Power supply
Supply voltages can be measured at the following points:
X9
Pin
Row A
Row C
28
ACOK
DCOK
29
+ 5V_TST
0V
30
+ 15V_TST
0V
31
15V_TST
0V
32
+ 24V_TST
0V
There is a 10 kΩ resistor between each power supply line and the test terminal to prevent damage by a short circuit.
ACOK: Follows the AC power input without delay. High (= 5V) when power is OK.
DCOK: Follows the supply unit energy buffer. After power on, DCOK goes high (=5
V) when output voltages are stable.
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3.4.2 X9 VBATT 1 and 2
Battery back-up for the computer memory and the real time clock.
Voltage of batteries 1 and 2; the voltage must be between 3.3 V and 3.9 V.
X9
Pin
Row A
Row C
7
VBATT1
VBATT2
8
0V
0V
3.4.3 Drive system
The signal interface with the drive system. It complies with the EIA RS 422 standard,
which means that signal transmission is differential. See 3.2 (Figure 3).
X9
Pin
A
C
16
DRCI1
DRCI1 N
17
DRCO1
DRCO1 N
18
DRCI2
DRCI2 N
19
DRCO2
DRCO2 N
20
0V
The DRCO signals travel from the robot computer to the drive units.
The DRCI signals enter the robot computer from the drive units.
DRCI1/DRCO1 signals are connected to the internal drive system (backplane connector X22, see 3.1).
DRCI2/DRCO2 are connected to external placed drive units (backplane connector
X14, see 3.1).
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Troubleshooting Tools
3.4.4 Measuring system
The signal interface with the serial measuring system. It complies with the EIA RS 422
standard, which means that signal transmission is differential, see 3.2 (Figure 3).
X9
Pin
A
20
C
0V
21
MRCI1
MRCI1 N
22
MRCO1
MRCO1 N
23
MRCI2
MRCI2 N
24
MRCO2
MRCO2 N
The MRCO signals travel from the robot computer to the measuring boards.
The MRCI signals enter the robot computer from the measuring boards.
MRCI1/MRCO1 signals are connected to the IRB axes (backplane connector X23,
see 3.1).
MRCI2/MRCO2 are used for external axes (backplane connector X12, see 3.1).
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3.4.5 Disk drive
The signal interface with the disk drive; TTL levels “0” <=> 0V, “1” <=> +5V.
X9
Pin
A
Explanation
9
RD N
Read Data, pulses. Data pulses when reading the diskette
10
WP N
Write Protect, static active low. Indicates whether or
not the diskette is write protected.
11
DSKCHG N
Disk Change, static active low. Indicates whether or
not there is a diskette in the unit.
12
WD N
Write Data, pulses. Data pulses when writing to the
diskette.
13
SSO N
Side Select, static active low. Indicates which side of
the diskette is active.
14
DIRC N
Direction in, static active low. Indicates that the
heads are to move inwards.
15
0V
X9
Pin
C
Explanation
9
IP N
Index, pulses. One pulse per cycle, c. every 200 milliseconds.
10
TR00 N
11
MO N
Motor on, static low. Starts the motor in the selected
unit.
12
WG N
Write Gate, pulses. Enables writing.
13
STEP N
14
HD N
15
0V
Product Manual
Track 00, active low. Indicates that the heads are
located at track 0 of the diskette.
Step, pulses. Steps the heads in the direction indicated by DIRC N.
High Density, static active low. Indicates that a 1.44
MB diskette is in the unit.
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Troubleshooting Tools
MOTOR ON
DRIVE SELECT
STEP
WRITE GATE
WRITE DATA
Write frequency
MOTOR ON
DRIVE SELECT
STEP
WRITE GATE
READ DATA
Read frequency
Figure 4 Diagram of write and read frequencies.
3.4.6 Teach pendant
The data transmission signal complies with the EIA RS 422 standard, see 3.2
(Figure 3).
X9
38
Pin
A
C
6
DATA4=TP
DATA4-N=TP-N
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3.4.7 CAN
X9
Pin
A
C
25
CANRLY2 N
CANRLY3 N
26
CAN_H
CAN_L
CANRLY2 N and CANRLY3 N respectively:
0V when CAN 2 or CAN 3 is active (see Installation and Commissioning, section
3.17.3).
24V when CAN 2 and CAN 3 are disconnected (see Installation and Commissioning,
section 3.17.3). In this case the backplane fixed termination resistor is connected in.
3.4.8 Safety
X9
Pin
A
C
27
ENABLE9
SPEED
ENABLE 9:
5V when supply voltage is OK and the computers are OK (output from the robot computer to the panel unit; LED EN).
SPEED:
5V when one of the modes AUTO or MANUAL FULL SPEED is active (input to the
robot computer from the panel unit).
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CONTENTS
Page
1 Fault tracing guide .......................................................................................................... 3
1.1 Starting Troubleshooting Work........................................................................... 3
1.1.1 Intermittent errors ........................................................................................ 3
1.1.2 Tools............................................................................................................. 3
1.2 Robot system ......................................................................................................... 4
1.3 Main computer DSQC 361 and memory board DSQC 323/324 ...................... 4
1.4 Robot computer DSQC 363 ................................................................................. 5
1.5 Panel unit DSQC 331............................................................................................ 5
1.5.1 Status of the Panel unit, inputs and outputs, displayed on the teach pendant 6
1.6 Distributed I/O...................................................................................................... 8
1.7 Serial Communication.......................................................................................... 9
1.8 Drive System and Motors..................................................................................... 9
1.9 Teach Pendant....................................................................................................... 10
1.10 Measurement System ......................................................................................... 10
1.11 Disk Drive ............................................................................................................ 11
1.12 Fuses..................................................................................................................... 11
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1 Fault tracing guide
Sometimes errors occur which neither refer to an error message nor can be remedied
with the help of an error message.
To make a correct error diagnosis of these particular cases, you must be very experienced and have an in-depth knowledge of the control system. This section of the Product Manual is intended to provide support and guidance in any diagnostic work.
1.1 Starting Troubleshooting Work
Always start off by consulting a qualified operator and/or check any log books available to get some idea of what has happened, to note which error messages are displayed,
which LEDs are lit, etc. If possible, look at the control system’s error log; if there are
any error messages there, it can be accessed from the Service menu. On the basis of
this error information, you can start your analysis using the various tools, test programs, measuring points, etc., available.
Never start off by wildly replacing boards or units since this can result in new errors
being introduced into the system.
When handling units and other electronic equipment in the controller, the wrist
strap in the controller must be used to avoid ESD damage.
1.1.1 Intermittent errors
Unfortunately, intermittent errors sometimes occur and these can be difficult to remedy. This problem can occur anywhere in the robot and may be due to external
interference, internal interference, loose connections, dry joints, heating problems, etc.
To identify the unit in which there is a fault, note and/or ask a qualified operator to note
the status of all the LEDs, the messages on the teach pendant, the robot’s behaviour,
etc., each time that type of error occurs.
It may be necessary to run quite a number of test programs in order to pinpoint the
error; these are run in loops, which should make the error occur more frequently.
If an intermittent error occurs periodically, check whether something in the environment in which the robot is working also changes periodically. For example, it may be
caused by electrical interference from a large electric plant which only operates
periodically. Intermittent errors can also be caused by considerable temperature
changes in the workshop, which occur for different reasons.
Disturbances in the robot environment can affect cabling, if the cable screen connections are not intact or have been incorrectly connected.
1.1.2
Tools
Usually, the following tools are required when troubleshooting:
- Normal shop tools
- Multimeter
- Oscilloscope
- Recorder
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1.2 Robot system
In this instance the robot system means the entire robot (controller + manipulator) and
process equipment.
Errors can occur in the form of several different errors where it is difficult to localise
one particular error, i.e. where it is not possible to directly pinpoint the unit that caused
the problem. For example, if the system cannot be cold-started, this may be due to several different errors (the wrong diskette, a computer fault, etc.).
1.3 Main computer DSQC 361 and memory board DSQC 323/324
The main computer, which is connected to the VME bus and the local bus of the memory board, looks after the higher-level administrative work in the control system. Under
normal operating conditions, all diagnostic monitoring is controlled by the main computer. At start-up, irrespective of whether a cold or warm start is performed, the robot
computer releases the main computer when the robot computer’s diagnostics allows it
and, following this, the main computer takes over the control of the system. The read
and write memories of the main computer are battery-backed.
If the red LEDs on the main computer light up (or do not turn off at initialisation), either
a critical system failure has occurred or the main computer board or memory board is
faulty.
The memory board is an extension of the main computer memory.
The memory board has a LED, F, which is lit and turned off by the main computer.
If there is a memory error on one of these boards, an error code will be shown on the
display, T1047 or T2010. These error codes also include a field called the At address,
which in turn contains an hexadecimal code that indicates on which board the erroneous
memory circuit is located.
When the error is in the main computer, the hexadecimal code is in the following range:
0 X 000000 - 0 X 7FFFFF
When the error is in the memory board, the code is above 0 X 800 000.
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1.4 Robot computer DSQC 363
The robot computer, which controls the system’s I/O, axis control, serial communication and teach pendant communication, is the first unit to start after a cold or warm
start. The red LED on the front of the board goes off immediately when the system is
reset and goes on again if an error is detected in the tests. As mentioned above, the
robot computer releases the main computer when the preliminary diagnostics have
given the go ahead-signal.
The read and write memories of the robot computer are battery-backed.
If the system does not start at all, and the LED on the robot computer goes on, the error
is probably in the robot computer.
1.5 Panel unit DSQC 331
The DSQC 331 Panel unit controls and monitors the dual operation chain. Its status is
also indicated by LEDs at the upper part of the unit.
Over temperature of the motors is monitored by PTC inputs to the board.
LED indications for DSQC 331
Marking
Colour
Meaning
EN
Green
Indicates “go ahead” from the control system
MS
NS
ES 1 and 2
GS 1 and 2
AS 1 and 2
Green/red
Green/red
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow
Module status, normally green, see also section 1.6
Network status, normally green, see also section 1.6
EMERGENCY STOP, chain 1 and 2 closed
GENERAL STOP switch, chain 1 and 2 closed
AUTO STOP switch, chain 1 and 2 closed
The LEDs are very useful when trying to locate errors in the operation chain. Unlit
LEDs indicate the whereabouts of an error in the operation chain, making the error easy
to locate in the system circuit diagram.
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1.5.1
Status of the Panel unit, inputs and outputs, displayed on the teach pendant
• Select the I/O window.
• Call up the Units list by choosing View.
• Select the Safety unit.
The location of the status signals are found in the circuit diagram, regarding Panel unit, where
outputs are marked with
and inputs with
See the table below.
Outputs DO
6
Name
Meaning when “1” is displayed
BRAKE
Energise brake contactor (i.e. release brakes) and turn on
duty time counter
MONLMP
Turn on LED in motor-on push button
RUN CH1
Energise motor contactor chain 1
RUN CH2
Energise motor contactor chain 2
SOFT ASO
Choose delayed turn off of auto stop
SOFT ESO
Choose delayed turn off of emergency stop
SOFT GSO
Choose delayed turn off of general stop
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Inputs DI
Name
Meaning when “1” is displayed
AS1
Auto stop chain 1 closed
AS2
Auto stop chain 2 closed
AUTO1
Mode selector chain 1; Auto operation
AUTO2
Mode selector chain 2; Auto operation
CH1
All switches in chain 1 closed
CH2
All switches in chain 2 closed
EN1
Enabling device chain 1 closed
EN2
Enabling device chain 2 closed
ES1
Emergency stop chain 1 closed
ES2
Emergency stop chain 2 closed
ENABLE
Enable from backplane
EXTCONT
External contactors closed
FAN OK
Fan in power supply running
GS1
General stop chain 1 closed
GS2
General stop chain 2 closed
K1
Motor contactor, chain 1, closed
K2
Motor contactor, chain 2, closed
LIM1
Limit switch chain 1 closed
LIM2
Limit switch chain 2 closed
MAN2
Mode selector chain 2; Manual operation
MANFS2
Mode selector chain 2; Manual full speed operation
MANORFS1
Mode selector chain 1; Manual or manual full speed operation
MON PB
Motor-On push button pressed
PTC
Over temperature in motors of manipulator
PTC Ext.
Over temperature in external device
SOFT ASI
Delayed turn off of auto stop (read back of digital output)
SOFT ESI
Delayed turn off of emergency stop (read back of digital output)
SOFT GSI
Delayed turn off of general stop (read back of digital output)
TRFOTMP
Over temperature in main transformer
24V panel
24V panel is higher than 22V
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1.6 Distributed I/O
I/O units communicate with the I/O computer, located on the robot computer board, via
the CAN bus. To activate the I/O units they must be defined in the system parameters.
The I/O channels can be read and activated from the I/O menu on the teach pendant.
In the event of an error in the I/O communication to and from the robot, check as follows:
1. Is I/O communication programmed in the current program?
2. On the unit in question, the MS (Module status) and NS (Network status) LEDs must
be lit with a fixed green colour. See the table below regarding other conditions:
MS LED is:
To indicate
Action
Off
No power
Check 24 V CAN
Green
Normal condition
Flashing green
Software configuration missing, standby state
Configure device
Flashing red/green
Device self testing
Wait for test to be
completed
Flashing red
Minor fault (recoverable)
Restart device
Red
Unrecoverable fault
Replace device
NS LED is:
To indicate
Action
Off
Not powered/not on-line
Flashing green
On-line, not connected
Green
On-line, connections established
Red
Critical link failure, incapable of communicating (duplicate MAC ID, or bus-off)
Wait for connection
Change MAC ID and/
or check CAN connection/cables
3. Check that the current I/O signal has the desired status using the I/O menu on the
tech pendant display.
4. Check the I/O unit’s LED for the current input or output. If the output LED is not lit,
check that the 24 V I/O power supply is OK.
5. Check on all connectors and cabling from the I/O unit to the process connection.
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1.7 Serial Communication
The most common causes of errors in serial communication are faulty cables (e.g.
mixed-up send and receive signals) and transfer rates (baud rates), or data widths that
are incorrectly set. If there is a problem, check the cables and the connected equipment
before doing anything else.
The communication can be tested using the integral test-program, after strapping the
input to the output. See chapter 9.
1.8 Drive System and Motors
The drive system, which consists of rectifier, drive unit and motor, is controlled by the
axis computer, located on the robot computer board.
Computer
Rotor position
DC link
Serial measurement
board
Torque reference
Drive Unit
M
R
Figure 1 A schematic description of the drive system.
The drive system is equipped with internal error supervision. An error is sent on via the
robot computer and can be read on the teach pendant display as an error message. An
explanation of the available error messages can be found in the User’s Guide, System
and error messages, section 3, error no. 39XXX.
If a drive unit or rectifier is faulty, the unit should be replaced. Internal troubleshooting
cannot be performed in the operating environment.
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1.9 Teach Pendant
The teach pendant communicates with the robot computer via a cable. This cable is also
used for the +24 V supply and the dual operation chain.
If the display is not illuminated, try first adjusting the contrast, and if this does not help
check the 24 V power supply.
Communication errors between the teach pendant and the I/O computer are indicated
by an error message on the teach pendant.
For measuring points for the teach pendant communication signals, see chapter 9.
1.10 Measurement System
The measurement system comprises an axis computer, one or more serial measurement
boards and resolvers. The serial measurement board is used to collect resolver data. The
board is supplied from 24 V SYS via a fuse on the back plane. The board is located in
the manipulator and is battery-backed. Communication with the axis computer takes
place across a differential serial link (RS 485).
The measurement system contains information on the position of the axes and this
information is continuously updated during operation. If the resolver connections are
disconnected or if the battery goes dead after the robot has been stationary for a long
period of time, the manipulator’s axis positions will not be stored and must be updated.
The axis positions are updated by manually jogging the manipulator to the synchronised position and then, using the teach pendant, setting the counters to zero. If you try
to start program execution without doing the above, the system will give an alarm to
indicate that the system is not calibrated.
Measuring points for the measurement system are located on the backplane, X9 Maintenance plug, see chapter 9 for more detailed information.
Note that it is necessary to re-calibrate after the resolver lines have been
disconnected. This applies even if the manipulator axes have not been moved.
Transmission errors are detected by the system’s error control, which alerts and stops
program execution if necessary.
Common causes of errors in the measurement system are line breakdown, resolver
errors and measurement board interference. The latter type of error relates to the 7th
axis, which has its own measurement board. If it is positioned too close to a source of
interference, there is a risk of an error.
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1.11 Disk Drive
The disk drive is controlled by the I/O computer via a flat cable. The power is supplied by
a separate cable.
Common types of error are read and write errors, generally caused by faulty diskettes. In
the event of a read and/or write error, format a new, high quality diskette in the robot and
check to see whether the error disappears. If the error is still present, the disk drive will
probably have to be replaced. However, check the flat cable first.
NB: Never use diskettes without a manufacturer’s mark. Unmarked, cheap diskettes can be
of very poor quality.
If the disk drive is completely dead, check the supply voltage connection to the disk drive
to see that it is +5 V, before replacing the drive.
Measuring points are available on the backplane: X9 Maintenance plug, see chapter 9.
When replacing the disk drive, check that the strapping is set correctly on the unit. Compare
with the faulty drive being replaced.
1.12 Fuses
There is one automatic three-phase 20 A fuse that supplies the DC-link in the MOTORS
ON state, on the transformer. There is also a automatic three-phase 10 A fuse that supplies
the power supply unit. There are also two fuses for customer AC supplies, one 3.15 A and
one 6.3 A.
The backplane has four PTC resistance fuses:
- Serial measurement board 1
- Serial measurement board 2
- CAN2, manipulator I/O
- CAN3, external I/O
The fuses protect against 24 V short-circuits and return to the normal state when there is no
longer a risk of short-circuiting.
The panel unit has one PTC fuse to protect the motor on chains. An open fuse is indicated
on the teach pendant, see Status of the Panel unit, inputs and outputs, displayed on the teach
pendant side 6, 24 panel.
The cabling from customer 24 V supply is protected by a 2A fuse on terminal XT31 in the
upper compartment of the controller.
Note that the power supply unit DSQC 374 is provided with a short circuit energy limitation
which makes the fuse unnecessary.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
This chapter is not included in the On-line Manual.
Click on the Main menu button below to continue to the front page.
Main menu
ABB Flexible Automation AB
Repairs
CONTENTS
Page
1 General Description ........................................................................................................ 3
1.1 Document Guidance ............................................................................................... 5
1.2 Caution.................................................................................................................... 6
1.3 Mounting Instructions for Bearings and Seals ....................................................... 6
1.3.1 Bearings ....................................................................................................... 6
1.3.2 Seals ............................................................................................................. 7
1.4 Instructions for Tightening Screw Joints................................................................ 9
1.5 Tightening Torques ................................................................................................. 10
1.5.1 Screws with slotted or cross recessed head.................................................. 10
1.5.2 Screws with hexagon socket head................................................................ 10
2 Motor units ...................................................................................................................... 11
2.1 General.................................................................................................................... 11
3 Motors Axes 1-3............................................................................................................... 13
3.1 Motor axes 1 ........................................................................................................... 13
3.2 Motor axes 2 and 3 ................................................................................................. 14
4 Motors and Gears Axes 4-6 ............................................................................................ 15
4.1 Motor axis 4............................................................................................................ 15
4.2 Intermediate gear .................................................................................................... 16
4.3 Axes 5 and 6 ........................................................................................................... 17
4.4 Wrist ....................................................................................................................... 18
4.5 Arm extender .......................................................................................................... 19
4.6 Dismounting Motor axis 5...................................................................................... 20
4.7 Motor/gear axis 6.................................................................................................... 21
4.8 Checking play in axes 5 and 6 ................................................................................ 22
4.9 Adjusting play in axis 5 .......................................................................................... 23
4.9.1 Adjusting the intermediate gear unit............................................................ 23
4.9.2 Adjusting the intermediate gear unit bearings ............................................. 24
5 Balancing unit.................................................................................................................. 25
5.1 Dismounting balancing unit.................................................................................... 25
5.2 Replacing guide ring, balancing unit...................................................................... 27
5.3 Replacing bearings, balancing unit......................................................................... 28
6 Arm System...................................................................................................................... 29
6.1 Upper Arm.............................................................................................................. 29
6.2 Parallel bar with bearings ....................................................................................... 31
6.3 Balancing weight .................................................................................................... 32
6.4 Lower Arm ............................................................................................................. 32
Product Manual IRB 6400R
1
Repairs
CONTENTS
Page
6.5 Parallel Arm ........................................................................................................... 33
6.6 Inner Bearing .......................................................................................................... 34
6.7 Outer Bearing ......................................................................................................... 35
6.8 Gearbox 1-3 including base.................................................................................... 36
6.9 Brake release unit ................................................................................................... 37
6.10 Replace Serial Measurement Board ..................................................................... 37
6.11 Replace Stop pin................................................................................................... 37
7 Cabling ............................................................................................................................. 39
7.1 Integrated Spot Weld Harness ................................................................................ 39
7.2 ................................................................................................................................ Robot
Harness / Customer Harness .................................................................................. 41
7.3 Cabling, axis 6........................................................................................................ 44
8 Options ............................................................................................................................ 47
8.1 Cooling axis 1......................................................................................................... 47
8.2 Position Switch axis 1 ............................................................................................ 47
8.3 Position Switch axes 2-3 ........................................................................................ 48
8.4 Signal Lamp ........................................................................................................... 48
8.5 Process Media Conduit........................................................................................... 49
8.6 Fork Lift Device ..................................................................................................... 50
9 Calibration....................................................................................................................... 51
9.1 General ................................................................................................................... 51
9.2 Calibration procedure ............................................................................................. 51
9.2.1 Calibrating axis 1, without the DynaCal System ......................................... 52
9.3 .Calibrating the robot with the DynaCal system .................................................... 53
10 Onboard Calibration .................................................................................................... 58
10.1 General ................................................................................................................. 58
10.2 Setup Onboard Calibration Equipment ................................................................ 59
10.3 Load the program on_board.prg. .......................................................................... 61
10.4 Check of Measurement System/Calibration......................................................... 62
10.4.1 Load Calibration Offset Value ................................................................... 67
11 Storing the values on the teach pendant ..................................................................... 68
11.1 Setting the calibration marks on the manipulator................................................. 71
11.2 Checking the calibration position ......................................................................... 74
11.3 Alternative calibration positions........................................................................... 74
12 Special Tools List........................................................................................................... 77
2
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
General Description
1 General Description
The industrial robot system IRB 6400 comprises two separate units; the control cabinet
and the mechanical unit. The service of the mechanical unit is described in this document.
As regards service, the mechanical unit is divided into the following main parts:
• Electrical System
• Motor Units
• Mechanical System
The Electrical System is routed through the entire robot and consists of two major systems; power cabling and signal cabling. The power cabling feeds the robot axes' motor
units. The signal cabling feeds the various controlling parameters like axis positions,
motor revs, etc.
The AC type Motor Units provide the motive power for the various robot axes via
gears. Mechanical brakes, electrically released, lock the motor units when the robot is
inoperative for more than 180 seconds.
The Mechanical System has 6 axes, enabling the flexible robot motions.
Axis 3
Axis4
Axis 5
Axis 6
Axis 2
Axis 1
Figur 1 The robot axes and motion patterns.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
3
General Description
Repairs
Axis No. 1 rotates the robot via a frame.
Axis No. 2, which provides the lower arm´s reciprocating movement, is supported in
the frame. The Lower Arm forms together with the Parallel Arm and the Parallel
Bracket, a parallelogram against the Upper Arm. The Parallel Bracket is mounted in
bearings in the Parallel Arm and in the Upper Arm.
Axis No. 3 provides elevation of the robot's upper arm.
Axis No. 4, located in the Upper Arm, provides a rotary motion of the Upper Arm.
The Wrist is bolted to the Upper Arm's forward end and comprises the axes Nos. 5 and
6. The latter axes form a cross.
Axis No. 5 provides a tilting motion and Axis No. 6 a turning motion. A connection is
arranged for various customer tools at the front end of the wrist in the Turn Disc. The
tool (or manipulator) can be equipped with pneumatic control via an external air supply
(option). The signals to/from the tool can be supplied via internal customer connections
(option).
The Control Cabinet must be switched off during all service work on the robot!
Before doing any work on the robot measurement system (measurement board,
cabling), the accumulator power supply must always be disconnected.
When service work is finished, the calibration position should always be checked with
the system disc.
The Brake Release Unit should be connected as indicated in Section 7, Installation and
Commissioning, to enable movements of the axes.
Special care must be taken when the brakes are operated manually. This applies
particularly when the robot is started up, either for the first time or after a stoppage. The safety instructions in the Programming Manual must be complied with
at all times.
4
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
General Description
1.1 Document Guidance
The subsequent chapters describe the type of service work that can be carried out by
the Customer´s own service staff on site. Certain types of work, requiring special experience or special aids, are not dealt with in this manual. In such cases, the defective
module or component should be replaced on site. The faulty item should be sent to
ABB Flexible Automation for service.
Calibration. Recalibration of the robot may have to be carried out after replacing
mechanical unit parts or when the motor and feedback unit have been separated; or
when a resolver error has occurred or the power supply between a measurement board
and resolver has been interrupted. The procedure is described in detail in Chapter 9,
Calibration.
IMPORTANT! When work is done on the robot signal cabling, this may result in
the robot moving to incorrect positions.
After doing such work, it is important that the robot calibration position is
checked as described in Chapter 11.2, Checking the calibration position. If a calibration fault is discovered, the robot must be recalibrated as described in Chapter 9, Calibration.
Tools. Two types of tools are required for various service jobs involving dismantling;
on the one hand, conventional tools like socket and ratchet spanners, etc.; on the other
hand, special tools may be necessary, depending on what type of service is being carried out. The conventional tools are not dealt with in this manual, based on the assumption that the service personnel have sufficient technical basic competence. However,
service work requiring the use of special tools is described in this manual.
Exploded views. In the Spare Parts chapter of this manual, there are a number of
exploded view foldouts illustrating the robot parts, intended to facilitate quick identification of both the type of service required and the composition of the various components. The parts are item numbered on the foldouts. The foldouts are referred to in the
Manual text within "arrow heads" (< >) as exploded view numbers. Where reference is
made to foldouts, other than those specified in the paragraph title, the foldout number is
included in the item number reference, for example <5/19> or <10:2/5>, the digit(s)
before the slash referring to the foldout number.
Numbers in brackets ( ) refer to figures in the text.
The foldouts also include information such as article number, designation and relevant
data.
N.B. This manual is not to be considered as a substitute for a proper training
course. This document is intended for use after the course has been completed.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
5
General Description
Repairs
1.2 Caution
The mechanical unit contains several parts which are too heavy to lift manually.
As these parts must be moved with precision during any maintenance and repair
work, it is important to have a suitable lifting device available.
The robot should always be switched to MOTORS OFF before allowing anyone to
enter its working space.
1.3 Mounting Instructions for Bearings and Seals
1.3.1 Bearings
1.
Let a new bearing remain in its wrapping until it is time for fitting, to avoid contamination of the bearing.
2.
Ensure that all parts included in the bearing fitting are free from burrs, grinding
waste and other contamination. Cast components must be free from foundry sand.
3.
Bearing rings, inner rings and roller elements must under no circumstances be
subjected to direct impact. Also, the roller elements must not be exposed to any
stresses during the assembly work.
Tapered Bearings
4.
The bearing should be tensioned gradually until the recommended pre-tension is
achieved.
5.
It is important to note that the roller elements must be rotated a specified number
of turns before pre-tensioning is carried out, and also rotated during the pre-tensioning sequence.
6.
The above procedure must be carried out to enable the roller elements to adjust to
the correct position against the race flange. Also, it is important that the bearing
is properly aligned, as this will directly affect the lifespan of the bearing.
Greasing Bearings
6
7.
The bearing must be greased after fitting. The main reason for this is the requirement for cleanliness. Good quality lubricating grease should be used, for example
3HAB 3537-1.
8.
Grooved ball bearings should be filled with grease from both sides.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
General Description
9.
Tapered roller bearings and axial needle bearings shall be greased in the split condition.
10.
The bearings must not be completely filled with grease. However, if space is
available beside the bearing fitting, the bearing may be totally filled with grease
when mounted, as surplus grease will be thrown out from the bearing when the
robot is started up.
11.
During operation, the bearing should be filled to 70-80% of the available volume.
12.
Ensure that grease is handled and stored properly, to avoid contamination.
1.3.2 Seals
1.
The commonest cause of leakage is incorrect fitting.
Rotating Seals
2.
The sealing surfaces should be protected during transport and mounting.
3.
The seal should be kept in the original wrappings or be well protected.
4.
Sealing surfaces must be inspected before mounting. If scratches or damage are
found, that may result in future leakage, the seal must be replaced.
5.
Seals should also be checked before mounting to ensure that:
• there is no damage to the sealing edge (feel with a fingernail)
• the seal is of the correct type (provided with cutting edge)
• there is no other damage.
6.
Grease the seal just before fitting it, but not too early as there is a risk of dirt and
foreign particles adhering to the seal. The space between the dust tongue and
sealing lip should be filled to 2/3 with grease of quality 3HAB 3537-1. The rubber coated external diameter must also be greased.
7.
The fitting of seals and gears must be carried out on clean workbenches.
8.
Mount the seal correctly. If it is misaligned, there is a risk of leakage due to the
pumping effect.
9.
Always mount the seal with a mounting tool. Never hammer directly on the seal,
as this may result in leakage.
10.
Use a protective sleeve for the sealing lip during mounting, when sliding over
threads, keyways, etc.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
7
General Description
Repairs
Flange Seals and Static Seals
11.
Check the flange surfaces. They must be even and free from pores. It is easy to
check flatness using a gauge on the fastened joint (without sealing compound).
12.
Differences in surface level or the presence of burrs due to incorrect machining
are not permissible. If flange surfaces are defective, the parts must not to be used,
because leakage could result.
13.
The surfaces must be properly cleaned in accordance with ABB Flexible
Automation recommendations.
14.
Distribute the sealing compound evenly over the surface, preferably with a brush.
15.
Tighten the screws evenly when fastening the flange joint.
O-rings
8
16.
Check the O-ring grooves. The grooves must be geometrically correct and free
from pores and contamination.
17.
Check the O-ring with regard to surface defects, burrs, shape accuracy, etc.
18.
Ensure that the correct O-ring size is used.
19.
Tighten the screws evenly when assembling.
20.
Defective O-rings and O-ring grooves must not be used.
21.
Fitting defective parts will result in leakage. Grease the O-ring with lubricant
3HAB 3537-1 before mounting.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
General Description
1.4 Instructions for Tightening Screw Joints
General
It is of the utmost importance that all screw joints be tightened with the correct torque.
Application
The following tightening torques are to be used for all screw joints in metallic materials
unless otherwise specified in the text.
These instructions do not apply to screw joints comprising soft or brittle materials.
For screws with a higher property class than 8.8, the data for 8.8 must be used unless
otherwise specified.
Screws treated with Gleitmo (lubricated)
When handling screws treated with Gleitmo, protective gloves of nitrile rubber
type should be used.
Screws treated with Gleitmo can be unscrewed and screwed in again 3-4 times before
the slip coating disappears. Screws can also be treated with Molycote 1000.
When screwing in new screws that are not Gleitmo treated, these should first be lubricated with Molycote 1000 and tightened to the specified torque.
Assembly
Lubrication with molybdenum disulphide grease (Molycote 1000) should only be used
when specified in the text.
Screws lubricated with Molycote 1000 and then torque tightened, should also to be
lubricated between the washer and the head of the screw.
Screws with dimension M8 or larger should be tightened with a torque-wrench, if possible.
Screws with dimension M6 or smaller may be tightened to the correct torque using
tools without torque indication, by personnel with adequate mechanical training and
instruction.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
9
General Description
Repairs
1.5 Tightening Torques
1.5.1 Screws with slotted or cross recessed head
Tightening torque - Nm
Dimension
class 4.8
“Dry”
M 2.5
0.25
M3
0.5
M4
1.2
M5
2.5
M6
5.0
1.5.2 Screws with hexagon socket head
Tightening torque - Nm
10
Dimension
class 8.8
“Dry”
class 10.9
Molycote 1000
Gleitmo 610
class 12.9
Molycote 1000
Gleitmo 610
M5
6
M6
10
M8
24
28
35
M 10
47
55
70
M 12
82
95
120
M 16
200
235
300
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Motor units
2 Motor units
2.1 General
Each manipulator axis is provided with a motor unit consisting of:
- A synchronous AC motor
- A brake unit
- A feedback unit.
A gear on the output shaft of the motor forms together with the gear on each axis,
The electro-magnetic brake is built into the motor unit. The brake is released by a
24 V DC supply. For brake release see Section 7, Installation and Commissioning.
The feedback unit consists of a resolver mounted on the motor shaft and is built into
the motor unit in a similar way as the brake.
Power and signal connections to the motor units are via separate cables between
connections points inside the manipulator and each motor. The cables are connected
to the motor units with connectors.
- The feedback unit is fitted by the motor manufacturer and must never be separated from the motor.
- The communication angle is + 90° (COMOFF=2048).
The motors never need commutating.
- The motor, resolver and brake is to be regarded as an replacement motor unit.
Faulty motor units are repaired by the motor manufacturer at the request of
the ABB Flexible Automation service organisation.
- The cable routing is shown in Figure 2. Note that the signal connection and
the power connection must not be entwined.
Signal connection
Power connection
Figure 2 Cable routing in the motor unit.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
11
Motor units
12
Repairs
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Motors Axes 1-3
3 Motors Axes 1-3
3.1 Motor axes 1
Refer to foldout no. 2:5.
Dismounting:
Be careful not to tap or hit the shaft axially, nor displace the shaft axially in any
way, as this could give rise to an incorrect air gap in the brake.
1.
Unscrew the motor flange, 4 screws <104>.
2.
Unscrew the 3 screws on the top of the motor.<3-5> Remove the cover.
3.
Disconnect connectors R2.MP1 and R2.FB1 in the motor.
4.
Use a portable power supply 24V DC to release the breaks (pin no.11, +24V and
pin no.12, 0V) so it is possible to pull out and turn the motor and minimise the risk
of damaging the pinion and gear.
5.
Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 6875-1) to the motor. The weight of
the motor is 17 kg.
6.
Pull and turn out the motor. In case of difficulty use two screws in the threaded
holes (M8) on the motor flange to push out the motor from its attachment.
Mounting:
7.
Ensure that sealing surfaces are clean and not scratched.
8.
Apply oil to the sealing surfaces to ensure that the O-ring runs smoothly
9.
Release the brakes.
10. Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 6875-1) to the motor.
11. Turn the motor carefully so that the pinion and the gears in the gearbox fits
together.
12. Apply Loctite 243 to the four screws and tighten with a torque of 50 Nm.
13. Calibrate the robot as described in Chapter 9, Calibration.
14. Refit the connectors and the cover.
Tightening torque:
Screws for motor, item 3:
Product Manual IRB 6400R
50 Nm.
13
Motors Axes 1-3
Repairs
3.2 Motor axes 2 and 3
Refer to foldout 2:5.
Dismounting:
Be careful not to tap or hit the shaft axially, nor displace the shaft axially in any
way, as this could give rise to an incorrect air gap in the brake.
1.
Release the breaks on that axis where the motor change should be done, to ensure
that the manipulator axis is disengaged or in what way the axis is moving.
2.
Then you can lock the axis into place by mounting a moveable stop, to prevent the
axis from falling.
3.
Drain the gearbox oil (see Chapter 2.6, Oil change gear box, axes 2 and 3) and
unscrew the motor flange, 4 screws <104>.
4.
Unscrew the 3 screws on the top of the motor <3-5>. Remove the cover.
5.
Disconnect connectors R2.MP1 and R2.FB1 from the motor.
6.
Use a portable power supply 24V DC to release the breaks (pin no.11, +24V and
pin no.12, 0V) so it is possible to pull and turn the motor out and minimise the risk
of damaging the pinion and gear.
7.
Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 6876-1) to the motor. The weight of
the motor is 17 kg.
8.
Pull and turn out the motor, in case of difficulty use two screws in the threaded
holes (M8) on the motor flange to push out the motor from its attachment.
Mounting:
9.
Ensure that sealing surfaces are clean and not scratched.
10. Apply oil to the sealing surfaces to ensure that the O-ring runs smoothly.
11. Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 6876-1) to the motor.
12. Release the breaks and turn the motor carefully so that the pinion and the gears in
the gearbox fit together.
13. Refit the connectors and the cover.
14. Apply Loctite 243 to the four screws and tighten with a torque of 50 Nm.
15. Calibrate the robot as described in Chapter 9, Calibration.
Tightening torque:
Screws for motor, item 4, 5:
14
50 Nm.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
4 Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
4.1 Motor axis 4
Refer to foldout 2:10
Dismounting:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Drain the gearbox by removing oil plugs <48>.
Secure axis 4 so it cannot rotate when the motor is removed.
Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 3HAC 6875-1) to the motor
Release the breaks so it will be possible to pull and turn the motor out and minimise
the risk of damaging the pinion (see 2.5 Manually releasing the brakes).
Unscrew the 4 cable inlet cover screws.
Unscrew the 3 screws on the top of motor 4. Remove the cover.
Disconnect connectors R2.MP4 and R2.FB4.
Be careful not to tap or hit the shaft axially, nor displace the shaft axially in any way,
as this could give rise to an incorrect air gap in the brake.
8.
To press the gear off the motor shaft, oil must be injected into the centre of the gear.
Mount SKF Oil injector 226270 + SKF nipple 725 870 + 234 063 in the centre and
press the gear off the shaft.
Caution: Make sure that the oil injector is filled with oil.
Mounting:
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Remove the B-side cover at the rear of the motor and place support 3HAA 7601-070
under the motor shaft, to avoid axial loading of the bearings in the motor.
Clean the pinion hole on the motor with Ethanol, art. no. 1177 1012-205 and dry with
a clean piece of paper.
Clean the pinion shaft in the same way.
Apply some mineral oil (BP-CS 320) on the pinion shaft and in the pinion hole on the
motor. Wipe off any surplus with paper, leaving a thin film of oil on the surfaces.
Press the gear on to the motor shaft with a minimum pressure of 250 bar (corresponds
to a press force of 1.5-2 t). Use tools 3HAA 7601-070 and 3HAB 5674-1.
If the pressure is less than 250 bar or if the pinion “jumps” in intermittently, the pinion must be removed, cleaned, and oiled again before mounting.
The total indicated runout of the pinion must not be more than 0.01 mm.
Reconnect connectors R3.MP4 and R3.FB4. Mount the cover.
Release the breaks, mount O-ring <49> and insert the motor. Turn the motor carefully
so that the pinion and the gears in the gearbox mesh together.
Apply Loctite 243 and tighten screws <25>, torque 24 Nm.
Fill the gearbox with oil, type ABB 1171 2016 -604, volume 6 litres. Regarding
replacement oils see the Maintenance Manual IRB 6400R.
Calibrate the robot as described in Chapter 9, Calibration.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
15
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
Repairs
Tightening torque:
Screws for motor, item 31.25:
24 Nm
4.2 Intermediate gear
Refer to foldout 2:10.
Dismounting:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Drain the gearbox of oil.
Secure axis 4 mechanically.
Remove the cover <28>.
Remove the motor as described in Chapter 4.1, Motor axis 4.
Unscrew the screws <14>.
Unscrew nuts <18> and remove the wedges <17> and remove screws <14>.
Pull out the intermediate gear unit.
Mounting:
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Mount the gear and tighten screws <15.14> only very slightly.
Refit the motor as described in Chapter 4.1, Motor axis 4.
Adjust the play by moving the intermediate wheel to obtain the minimum play
between the final gear and the motor gear, at four points, by turning axis 4.
Ensure that when axis 4 is turned, the gears do not “scrape” together.
Tighten screws <15.14> with a torque of 69 Nm.
Insert the 3 wedges <17> with 12 tension washers <43> and the nut <18> on
studs <16>, apply Loctite <39> and tighten with a torque of 8 Nm.
Note! Fit the tension washers with their concave sides facing each other.
NOTE! Check the play.
13.
14.
15.
Mount cover <28> with screw <30>and washer <31> with a new seal <29> and
tighten with a torque of 10 Nm.
Fill the gearbox with oil, ABB 1171 2016-604, volume 6 litres. Regarding
replacements oils, see the Maintenance Manual IRB 6400.
Calibrate the robot as described in Chapter 9, Calibration.
Tightening torque:
Screws for motor, item 25:
16
50 Nm.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
4.3 Axes 5 and 6
The wrist includes axes 5 and 6 and forms a complete exchangeable unit, comprising motor
units and gears.
See spare parts list for types of wrist that can be supplied and for article numbers.
Some maintenance and repair work can be carried out by your own service personnel:
- Oil change as described in the Maintenance Manual IRB 6400.
- Change of motor and gear, axis 6.
- Change of motor, axis 5.
- Checking play, axes 5 and 6.
- Adjusting play in axis 5.
When a complete service of the wrist is required, including mounting/adjusting of gear
axis 5, the wrist should be sent to ABB Flexible Automation for service.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
17
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
Repairs
4.4 Wrist
Refer to foldout 2:8
Dismounting:
1.
2.
Remove the cables to motor axis 6 as in 7.3 Cabling, axis 6.
Attach a hoist to the wrist, so that it cannot rotate. See Figure 3 To prevent the
wrist from rotating..
Figure 3 To prevent the wrist from rotating.
3.
4.
5.
Unscrew screws <6>.
Pull out the wrist from the upper arm (if an arm extender is mounted, the cables
must be dismounted before pulling out the wrist) see chapter 4.5 Arm extender.
Dismount cables to motor axis 5
Mounting:
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Mount cables to motor axis 5.
Lubricate screws <6> with Molycote 1000 and tighten with a torque of 120 Nm.
Mount cabling to axis 6.
Pressure test Foundry robots as described in Chapter 7.3, Cabling, axis 6.
Calibrate the robot as described in Chapter 9, Calibration.
Tightening torque:
Screw joint wrist/tube shaft, item 33:
18
120 Nm
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
4.5 Arm extender
Refer to foldout. 2:8, 2:9.
Dismounting:
1.
2.
3.
Dismount the wrist as described in Chapter 4.4, Wrist.
Connect a hoist to the extender <3>.
Unscrew screws <2:8/6> for the extender and remove it.
Mounting:
4.
5.
6.
Lift the extender in position.
Lubricate the screws <2:8/6> with Molycote 1000 and tighten with a torque of
120 Nm.
Mount the wrist as described in Chapter 4.4, Wrist.
Tightening torque:
Screw joint extender/tube shaft, item <2:9/3>: 120 Nm
Product Manual IRB 6400R
19
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
Repairs
4.6 Dismounting Motor axis 5
Refer to foldout 2:11.
Dismounting:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Dismount the wrist as described in Chapter 4.4, Wrist.
Drain the oil by opening both magnetic plugs.
Remove screw <3>. Press out the motor <2> with pin screws (M8x65). Keep track
of the shims <7> between the motor flange and wrist housing.
Measure the distance between the motor flange and the outer surface of the gear.
Use tool 6896 134-GN. Make a written note of the distance.
Be careful not to tap or hit the shaft axially, nor displace the shaft axially in any way,
as this could give rise to an incorrect air gap in the brake.
5.
Press out the gear from the shaft. Use nipple 6896 134-AA + TREDO washer as a
seal + SKF nipple 101 8219 + SKF oil injector 226270.
Caution: Make sure the oil injector is filled with oil.
6.
N.B.
This gear is matched with the other parts of the bevel gear <5> for axis 5. If the
motor is changed, the gear must be moved over to the new motor axis. If the gear is
damaged, the complete bevel gear set unit must be replaced.
Please contact ABB Flexible Automation when replacement of the bevel gear set
unit is necessary.
Press the gear on to the new motor. Use tools 3HAA 7601-070 + 3HAB 5674-1.
Note!
Remove the cover at the rear of the motor and place support
3HAA 7601-070 under the motor shaft, to avoid axial loading of the bearings in the
motor.
7.
8.
9.
Check the distance to the gear with tool 6896 134-GN. If the distance differs from
the earlier measurement, an adjustment must be made by adding or removing
shims <7>.
Release the brake. Mount the motor. Use a new O-ring <2.3>. Apply Loctite 243
on screws <3> and tighten with a torque of 24 Nm.
Fill the gearbox with oil according to the Maintenance Manual IRB 6400R.
Tightening torque:
Screw joint motor/wrist housing, item 3: 24 Nm
20
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
4.7 Motor/gear axis 6.
Refer to foldout no 2:11§
It is not necessary to remove the wrist from the upper arm.
Dismounting:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
5.
6.
7.
Dismount cabling for axis 6 as described in Chapter 7.3, Cabling, axis 6.
Drain the grease. Open both magnetic plugs.
Loosen screw <2:11/31> and remove the cover <2:11/38> Note! It is not necessary to drain the wrist, before removing the cover.
Dismount cover <2:11/16> by deforming it (a new cover must be mounted).
Unscrew screws <2:11/13>. Dismount shaft <2:11/12> with help of pinscrews
M8x65).
Loosen screws <2:11/33>.
Free the drive unit from the shaft <2:11/34> and lift out.
Loosen screws <2:12/4>. Dismount the gear with the help of 2 screws (M8
holes in the motor flange).
Loosen screws <2:12/5>. Dismount the pinion with tool 3HAA 7601-043.
Mounting:
8.
Mount the pinion on a new motor. Use a pin screw, M5x120 with nut, to press
the gear in place. Tighten screw <2:12/5>, apply Loctite 243.
NOTE!
Be careful not to tap or hit the shaft axially, nor displace the shaft axially in any
way, as this could give rise to an incorrect air gap in the brake.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Mount the gear on the motor, tighten with screws <2:12/5>. Use a new O-ring
<2:12/2>. Turn the gear so that the screw hole and magnetic oil plug come in
the right position. Torque 35 Nm.
Move the sync plates and connector holder on the resolver side, over to the new
motor. When dismounting the gear: the sync plate <2:12/11> on the gear is
glued.
It is most important to clean the surface before applying the sync plate.
Use Ethanol, art. no. 1177 1012-205 and paper to clean.
Remove the dirt by wiping from the left to right just once. Change the paper
and wipe again, the same way. Continue until no dirt appears on the paper.
Mount the motor unit in the wrist. Fix against the shaft item <2:11/34>. Tightening screws <2:11/33> torque 69 Nm. Mount shaft <2:11/12> with screws
<2:11/13> with Loctite 243 tightening torque 24 Nm.
Mount cover <2:11/16> (new cover) and cover <2:11/38>. Use a new gasket
<2:11/28>. Cross tighten screws <2:11/31> to 10 Nm.
Fill oil in axis 5 as described in to the Maintenance Manual IRB 6400R.
Pour grease into axis 6 as described in the Maintenance Manual IRB 6400R.
Calibrate the robot as described in Chapter 9, Calibration.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
21
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
Repairs
Tightening torque:
Screw joint motor/gear, item 4:
Screw joint, drive unit/ gear 5, item 15:
Screw joint, drive unit/shaft, item 33:
Cover, item 31:
35 Nm
69 Nm
24 Nm
10 Nm
4.8 Checking play in axes 5 and 6
Refer to foldout no. 2:11.
Axis 5
1.
2.
3.
4.
Drain the oil. Unscrew both the magnetic plugs. Dismount cover <2:11/38>.
Mount fixing plate 6896 134-CE in 3 screw holes for the cover.
Mount a PEK dial indicator with a magnetic foot on the fixing plate. Measure
against the front part of the turning disc, at D=160 mm, B= 8 mm. See Figure 4
How to measure the play in the wrist.
Use tool 6896 134-CD or mounted equipment to check the total play in axis 5.
The brake must be on. Max. play 0.30 mm at a distance of 196 mm from the
centre of axis 5. (Max. play for a new wrist is < 0.25 mm).
Adjustment: See Chapter 4.9.1, Adjusting the intermediate gear unit
Axis 6
1.
2.
3.
Check the play in axis 6 with tool 6896 134-CF.
Measure with a PEK dial indicator against the tool. See Figure 4 How to measure the play in the wrist..
Max. play 0.06 mm at a distance of 190 mm from the centre of axis 6.
Comment: The play in the gear unit cannot be adjusted. If necessary, the gear
unit must be replaced, see Chapter 4.7, Motor/gear axis 6..
196
8
D=160 h7
Wrist centre
Axis 5
190
Axis 6
Figure 4 How to measure the play in the wrist.
22
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
4.9 Adjusting play in axis 5
Refer to foldout.2:11.
1. Remove the cover <2:11/38>. Investigate the cause of the excessive play on axis 5.
Then take action as described in one of the following alternatives:
A. The intermediate gear unit <2:11/37> is stuck, the play between gears
<2:11/5> and <2:11/34> is excessive. The play must be 0 to 0.08 mm,
measured at three different points.
Action: Adjust the play as described in Chapter 4.9.1, Adjusting the intermediate gear unit.
B. The intermediate gear unit <2:11/37> has become loose. Check that the gears
<2:11/5> and other parts (<2:11/18>, <2:11/20>, <2:11/21>, <2:11/22> and
<2:11/43>) are not damaged or loose.
Action: Replace damaged parts and adjust the play as described in Chapter
4.9.1, Adjusting the intermediate gear unit
C. There is play in the bearings of the intermediate gear unit <10/105>.
Action: Adjust the bearing as described in Chapter 4.9.2, Adjusting the intermediate gear unit bearings and adjust to the correct play as described in Chapter
4.9.1, Adjusting the intermediate gear unit.
4.9.1 Adjusting the intermediate gear unit
Refer to foldout. 2:11.
1. Remove the wedges <2:11/21>. Check that they are not damaged.
2. Adjust the intermediate gear unit <2:11/105> with the centre screw <2:11/18>. The
gear mesh play between the pinion <2:11:1/2> and the gearwheel must be
0 - 0.08 mm. Measure the play at three different places. Use the tool 6896 134-CE
and a dial indicator on a magnetic foot.
3. Tighten the intermediate gear unit <2:11/105> using the screw <2:11/18>, to a
torque of 93 Nm ± 5%.
4. Mount the wedges <2:11/21> and the 4 tension washers <2:11/43> (fit them as
shown on foldout 2:11).
5. Tighten the wedges alternately with the nuts <2:11/22>. Torque 12 Nm ± 5%. Apply
Loctite 243 to lock the nuts.
Check the gear play after tightening as described in Chapter 4.8, Checking play in
axes 5 and 6
Tightening torque:
Screw for intermediate wheel, item 10:1/18:93 Nm ± 5%
Nuts for wedges, item 10:2/22:
12 Nm ± 5%
Product Manual IRB 6400R
23
Motors and Gears Axes 4-6
Repairs
4.9.2 Adjusting the intermediate gear unit bearings
Refer to Figure 5 Intermediate wheel unit.
The roller bearings (1) must be pretensioned to eliminate any backlash.
1. Remove the stop screw (2) and the locknut (3).
2. Clean the threads in the hub (4) and the locknut (3).
3. Apply Loctite 290 on the threads in the hub and the locknut.
4. Tighten the locknut (3). Torque 85 Nm ± 5% (for a replacement bearing).
Use the tool 3HAB 1022-1 together with the torque-wrench.
Note!
If the same bearing is fitted again, the torque should be 70-75 Nm.
5. Fit the stop screw (2), extra locking. Apply Loctite 243.
Tightening torque:
Locking nut in the intermediate wheel, item (3):85 Nm ± 5%
4
1
2
3
Figure 5 Intermediate wheel unit
24
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Balancing unit
5 Balancing unit
5.1 Dismounting balancing unit
Refer to foldout no. 2:13.
Dismounting:
1.
Move the lower arm to the sync. position.
2.
Insert an M12 screw at the top of the cylinder to neutralise the spring force. The
length of the cylinder is now locked.
3.
Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 6877-1) to the balancing unit.
Make sure that the shaft between the upper and lower arms does not rotate when
unscrewing the KM nut. The KM nut is locked with Loctite 243 (242).
4.
Remove the lock nuts <233> with tool (3HAC XXXX-X) and the support washer
<231> and the sealing ring <232>.
5.
Pull the balancing cylinder out with hand force.
Mounting (see Figure 6):
5.
Place rings (1), support washers (2), sealing rings (3) and the inner races of the
bearings on the upper and lower pivot shaft.
6.
Install the auxiliary shafts on the upper and lower shafts. (Upper shaft: auxiliary
shaft 3HAB 5275-1, lower shaft: auxiliary shaft 3HAB 5276-1.)
7.
Hang up the new balancing unit on the upper auxiliary shaft, adjust the length with
the M12 screw while pushing the balancing cylinder in place by hand force, and
carefully install the balancing unit on to the upper and lower shafts (do not use a
hamer of any type, the bearings may be damaged).
8.
Fit the lubricating tool 3HAC 5222-1. The tool should be tightened to the bottom
position only by hand power.
9.
Grease through the nipple. Continue greasing until the grease exudes behind the
inner sealing ring. Repeat the procedure for the other bearings.
10. Remove the lubricating tool and clean the threads on the shaft ends free from
grease.
11. Remount the outer sealing rings, apply some grease on the support washers, apply
Loctite 243 on the KM nuts, not on the shafts, and tighten them to a torque of 5060 Nm.
12 Check play (min. 0.1) between support washers (2, 5) and bearing seat (7) at both
bearings.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
25
Balancing unit
Repairs
13. Remove the M10x50 screw at the top of the cylinder. Remove the M16x140 screw
on the lower arm.
12
4
Inner race
5
6
Aux. shaft
3HAB 5275-1
3
12
34
56
Loctite 243
50 Nm
min 0,1
min 0,1
7
Figure 6 Mounting the balancing unit.
26
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Balancing unit
5.2 Replacing guide ring, balancing unit
1
Move axis 2 to a position where the balancing unit is in the horizontal position.
2
Remove the circlip from the end cover of balancing unit. See Figure 7.
3
Remove the worn out guide ring and clean the piston rod. See Figure 7.
4.
With the smallest outer diameter facing outwards, force the new guide ring over
the piston rod. Use tool 3HAC 0879-1. Locate the ring in the end cover.
See Figure 7
5.
Install the circlip.
6.
Lubricate the piston rod, see Maintenance, Chapter 2.5, Lubricating piston rod,
balancing unit axis 2.
Tool 3HAC 0879-1
Guide ring
Circlip
Smallest O.D.
Circlip
Figure 7 Guide ring, balancing unit.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
27
Balancing unit
Repairs
5.3 Replacing bearings, balancing unit
Use reconditioning kit 3HAC 2840-1.
1.
Dismantle the balancing unit according to Chapter 5.1, Dismounting balancing
unit.
2.
Push out the old bearing, using tool 3HAC 1981-1. See Figure 8.
Press
Tool 3HAC 1981-1
Support
Old bearing
Figure 8 Dismounting of bearing.
3.
Turn the tool upside down. Place the new bearing on the tool with the bearing
number upwards (facing the tool). Push the new bearing down as shown inFigure 9.
Press
New bearing
Support
Figure 9 Mounting bearing.
4.
28
Mount the balancing unit according to Chapter 5.1, Dismounting balancing unit.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Arm System
6 Arm System
6.1 Upper Arm
Refer to foldouts 2:1, 2:3, 2:8,
Dismounting:
IMPORTANT! Secure axis 3 with two extra mechanical stops, so that the balancing weight for axis 3 cannot fall down.
1.
Dismount balancing units <2:1/5> as described in 5.1, Dismounting balancing
unit or 5.2, Replacing guide ring, balancing unit.
2.
Remove the cables and air hose inside the upper arm as in 7.2, Robot Harness /
Customer Harness
3.
Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 6878-1) to the upper arm. See Figure 10
.
Figure 10 Lifting the upper arm.
4.
Remove the parallel arm<2:1/3> see 6.5, Parallel Arm.
5.
Remove the KM nut (1) on each shaft. See Figure 11.
6.
Remove the stop screws (2) in the lower arm. See Figure 11.
7.
Remove the protective plates <2:3/10> on the inner side of the shaft, unscrew
the shafts (3). The bearing is pressed out with the shaft. See Figure 11.
Note! Be careful with the threads on the shafts.
8.
Lift the upper arm away.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
29
Arm System
Repairs
Mounting:
9.
Place the upper arm in position.
NOTE! Mount the left side first, complete, robot seen from behind! See Figure 11.
10.
Mount V-ring (5) and distance ring (6) on shaft (3).
11.
Lubricate the M80 thread and the cone with Molycote 1000.
12.
Mount the shaft (3) in the lower arm. Tighten with a torque of 300 Nm.
13.
Apply Loctite 243 on stop screw (2) and tighten with 34 Nm.
14.
Mount sealing ring (4), turn the largest diameter inwards.
15.
Mount and grease the bearing (7).
16.
Insert the NILOS ring (8).
17.
Insert the distance ring (9).
18.
Mount the KM nut (1). Apply Loctite 243 and tighten the nut to 180 Nm, then
loosen the nut again and tighten with a torque of 90 Nm.
19.
Then mount the right side, paragraphs 12-18 (similar to the left side, except for
the distance ring (6).
20.
Mount the parallel bar.
21.
Mount the cabling as described Chapter 7.2 Robot Harness / Customer Harness.
22.
Mount the balancing units as described in 5.1, Dismounting balancing unit.
NOTE! Remove the 2 extra mechanical stops!
Tightening torques:
30
Shafts, item (3):
300 Nm
KM nut, item (1):
90 Nm
Screws, clamps, item 8/31.3.3:
300 Nm
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Arm System
8
6
2
5
4
7
1
3
9
Figure 11 Joint axes 2 and 3
6.2 Parallel bar with bearings
Refer to foldout no. 2:1.
Dismounting:
IMPORTANT! Secure axis 3 with two extra mechanical stops, so that the
balancing weight for axis 3 cannot fall down, and secure the upper arm with a
hoist or similar.
1.
Attach a hoist and lifting device to the parallel bar.
2.
Dismount screw and washer <2:1/224, 223> by the parallel arm.
3.
Dismount screw and washer <2:1/224, 223> by the upper arm. Lift the bar away.
Mounting:
4.
Lift the parallel bar in position.
5.
Place the axial washer and cover washer on each side of the bearing
6.
Place and centre the parallel bar
7
Apply a thin coat of grease on the shaft
8.
Press the shaft with a hydraulic press and tool (3HAC 5026-1)
9.
Apply Loctite 243 and mount the screw and washer<2:1/224, 223>.
Do not forget to remove the 2 extra mechanical stops!
Product Manual IRB 6400R
31
Arm System
Repairs
6.3 Balancing weight
Refer to foldout 2:1
Dismounting:
1. Attach a hoist with two lifting eyes to the balancing weight.
2. Loosen the four M16 screws.
3. Lift the weight away.
Mounting:
Mount in reverse order.
6.4 Lower Arm
Refer to foldout 2:1,
Dismounting:.
Danger! Be careful! Make sure that the upper arm is locked in position and
cannot move.
1.
Dismount the balancing weight for axis 3. (see chapter 6.3).
2.
Attach a hoist to the upper arm.
3.
Remove the locking screw and washer <2:1/223, 224> on the parallel arm and the
upper arm, press the shafts out with a hydraulic press and tool no.3HAC 5026-1
and lift the parallel bar away.
4.
Remove the harness on the upper and lower arms as described in 7, Cabling.
5.
Dismount the upper arm as described in Chapter 6.1 Upper Arm.
6.
Dismount the two balancing units <2:1/4> as described in 5.1, Dismounting balancing unit or 5.2, Replacing guide ring, balancing unit.
7.
Dismount the M16x70 screws between the parallel arm and gearbox axis 3 and
between lower arm and gearbox axis 2, (the lower arm must be reorientated to
make it possible to dismount all the screws) save at least two parallel placed screws
on each side.
8.
Attach a hoist to the lower arm.
Danger! Be sure that the lower arm is properly attached to the hoist before loosening the last screws.
9.
32
Dismount the last four screws.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Arm System
10. Place a crowbar between the gearbox axis 3 and the parallel arm, and press the
lower and parallel arms together.
11. Place a crowbar between gearbox axis 2 and the lower arm, and press to release
the guiding.
12. Lift and remove the lower arm.
13. Dismount the parallel arm as in Chapter 6.5 Parallel Arm.
Mounting:
Mounting in reverse order.
6.5 Parallel Arm
Refer to foldout 2:7
Dismounting:
1.
Remove the lower arm as in 6.4, Lower Arm.
2.
Place the arm on a workbench.
3.
Attach a hoist to the parallel arm.
4.
Place the Cylinder NIKE CHF 612 (1) and tools 3HAC 5526-1 (2) and 3HAC
5523-1 (3) see Figure 12.
4.
Force the parallel arm to the right, seen from the rear.
5.
Lift the parallel arm away.
Mounting:
6.
Place the parallel arm in position.
7.
Press the parallel arm into the lower arm with NIKE CHF 612 (1) and tools
3HAC 5526-1 (2) and 3HAC 5523-1 (3), see Figure 12.
8.
Mount the lower arm as described in 6.4, Lower Arm.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
33
Arm System
Repairs
Dismount Parallel arm / Lower arm
1
Dismount inner bearing
2
4
2
3
3
1
Dismount outer bearing
5
2
1
Figure 12 Dismounting Parallel arm and Bearings
6.6 Inner Bearing
Dismounting:
1.
Place the cylinder NIKE CHF 612 (1) and tools 3HAC 5526-1 (2), 3HAC 5523-1
(3) and 3HAC 5522-1 (4), see Figure 12.
2.
Press the bearing off.
Mounting:
In Reverse Order.
34
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Arm System
6.7 Outer Bearing
Dismounting:
1.
Place the cylinder NIKE CHF 612 (1) and tools 3HAC 5526-1 (2), 3HAC 5523-1
(3) and 3HAC 5522-2 (5) see Figure 12.
2.
Press the bearing off.
Mounting:
In Reverse Order.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
35
Arm System
Repairs
6.8 Gearbox 1-3 including base
Gearbox 1-3 incl. base should be replaced as one unit. All the necessary parts must be
removed before replacing the gearbox.
Dismounting:
1.
Dismount the harnesses from the upper and lower arms. (see chapters 7.2 and
7.1).
2.
Dismount the balancing weight (see chapter 6.3).
3.
Place the robot in the position as shown below and tie the upper and lower arms
together with a strap (see Figure 13, Lifting position).
4.
Attach a hoist and the lifting device (3HAC 6878-1) to the upper arm.
5.
Dismount lower arm (see chapter 6.4, Lower Arm).
4.
Dismount Motors axes 1-3 (see chapters 3.1 and 3.2).
5.
Dismount the Break release unit and the SMB (see chapters 6.9 and 6.10).
Mounting:
6.
In reverse order.
Figure 13 Lifting position
36
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Arm System
6.9 Brake release unit
Refer to foldout 2:5.
Dismounting:
1.
Remove the push-button unit <6> located in the frame.
2.
Disconnect connectors R3.BU1-6(X8), R3.BU1-3(X9), R3.BU4-6(X10).
Mounting:
3.
In reverse order.
6.10 Replace Serial Measurement Board
Refer to foldout 2:6.
Dismounting:
1.
Remove the cover <17> located in the frame.
2.
Disconnect connectors R2.SMB, R2.SMB 1-4, R2.SMB 3-6.
3.
Disconnect connector R2.G (battery connector) from the SMB.
Mounting:
4. In reverse order.
6.11 Replace Stop pin
Refer to foldout 2:5
Dismounting
1.
Remove the cover on top of the housing.
2.
Dismount the M20x90 bolt <102> and the compression spring <101>.
3.
Lift up the stop pin<8> and the washer<103>
Mounting
4.
In reverse order.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
37
Arm System
38
Repairs
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Cabling
7 Cabling
7.1 Integrated Spot Weld Harness
Refers to foldout nos. 2:1, 2:3, 2:5, 2:6 and 2:10
Dismounting
1.
Remove the four screws <2:5/100> for the cover <2:5/15> that protects the cable harness in the base.
2.
Remove the connectors R1.WELD, R1.PROC1, R1.PROC2 and R1.PROC3 to the
welding harness.
3.
Unsnap the hose from its fixture between the lower and parallel arms.
4.
Remove the hose clamps from the cover <2:5/10> on the base (see Figure 14)
5.
Pull the harness up through the base from the front side of the robot (air hoses first).
6.
Unsnap the harness from the lower (2) and upper (3) fixtures on the gearbox axis 3
and from the fixture on the lower arm (4). On robots with truck lifts fitted, there is a
hose clamp underneath the truck lift (see Figure 15).
7.
Remove the connector and air connections from the connector fixture on the upper
arm housing.
Hose clamp
Figure 14 Cable harness clamp
Mounting
8.
Start by attaching the harness to the snap fixtures on the gearbox and lower arm.
9.
Pull the harness down through the cover <2:5/10> in the base and position it as shown
in the picture (see Figure 17).
Product Manual IRB 6400R
39
Cabling
Repairs
10. Fit the hose clamp with the screw in the position shown in the pictures (see Figure
14) and ( Figure 17).
11. Fit the harness on the snap fixtures between the lower and parallel arms.
12. Fit the connector and air connections to the fixture on the upper arm housing.
13. Fit the connector and air connections in the base.
14. Replace the plate that covers the harness in the base.
Mounting of the flexible hose when
the fork lift device is present
Upper weld interface
R2.WELD
R2.PROC3
R2.PROC2
4
R2.PROC1
3
1
2
Figure 15 Attachment points for spotwelding harness
Mounting
15.
40
Mount in reverse order.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Cabling
7.2 Robot Harness / Customer Harness
Refer to foldout no. 2:1, 2:3, 2:5, 2:6 and 2:10
Dismounting:
This section also applies for dismounting a customer harness, but ignore points 25 below.
We recommend that a team of at least two people undertake the job of changing
a harness.
When the robot is equipped with a welding harness, this must first be removed from
the base up to the harness clamp in the base, to facilitate removal of the robot harness
(se the section about changing welding harness).
1
Remove the 4 screws <2:5/100> in the cover <2:5/15> that protects the connectors
on the base.
2
Remove the connectors R1.MP and R1.SMB from the attaching plate.
2a Remove the connectors R1.SW1, R1.SW2/3, R1.CP/CS from the attaching plate
(applies only when a customer harness is fitted).
3
Unscrew the 3 screws on motors 1, 2, and 3 and remove the covers. Remove the
connectors from the motors.
4
Remove the brake release units <2:5/6> and the cover of the series measuring
board <2:6/17> and remove the connectors.
5
Unscrew the 4 screws from the cable glands to the serial measurement board and
the brake release board on the inside of the base and pull out the cables.
6
Remove the cable guide <2:5/42> located between the lower and parallel arms by
pressing the split part so it overlaps. Open it up and take out the cables (see Figure
16).
Figure 16 Cable harness guide, axes 2, 3.
7
Remove the hose clamp from the cover <2:5/10> on the base (see Figure 14)
Product Manual IRB 6400R
41
Cabling
Repairs
8
Pull the harness up through the base from the front side of the robot.
9
Remove the cover <2:1/7> on the arm housing and unscrew the holders for cable
guide <2:1/251> and cable guide <2:1/252> from the tubular shaft.
10 Remove the 4 screws on top of motor 4 and remove the connectors. Unscrew the
screws for the clamping strap fixture below motor 4 (new clamping strap fixtures
are included with the harness).
11 Remove the cover <2:3/13> on the upper arm tube and remove the connectors to
motors 5 and 6.
12 Remove the harness fixtures underneath the arm housing and on the front side of
the upper part of the upper arm.
13 Pull the harness out of the tubular axle and down through the lower arm.
It should be remembered that connectors and wiring are sensitive parts of a harness and must be treated with care.
Mounting
14 Start by pulling the harness up through the lower arm and pre-fit the attachment
plate for the fixture in the arm housing (there is insufficient space to do this when
the harness is in position).
15 The cables to motor 4 are then pulled through the arm housing and fitted before the
cables to motors 5 and 6 are pulled through the arm housing.
16 The harness is twisted ½ turn between the attachments in the under arm and upper
arm so that the cables have the same length when they are subjected to bending
(this twist must be retained).
17 Position the various harnesses correctly in the cover on the base (see Figure 17).
18 Position the screws for the hose clamps at the correct places (see Figure 14).
42
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Cabling
Customer harness
Welding harness
Robot harness
Figure 17 Location of harnesses in holder
Product Manual IRB 6400R
43
Cabling
Repairs
7.3 Cabling, axis 6
Refer to foldout 2:8.
Dismounting:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Run axis 5 to +90° position.
Remove the covers for the cables to axis 6 on the upper arm tube and wrist.
Dismount connectors R2.MP6, R2.FB6 from the robot harness. Loosen the
cable bracket and the sealing with screws <32>.
Dismount the cover at the back of the motor.
Dismount connectors R3.MP6, R3.FB6 under the cover at the rear of motor 6.
Loosen the cover by using the thread in the centre hole and a suitable tool.
Alternative:
Press the cover out from the inside with a screw driver through the cable pit.
Note! Be careful not to damage the cables or resolver.
Loosen the carrier mounted on the motor with screws <41>.
Mounting:
7.
Mount in reverse order. (Keep axis 5 in 90° position.)
Note!
Foundry robots must be tested for leakage after cable replacement.
Test procedure for IRB6400 Foundry axis 6:
1.
2.
3.
Remove the plug on the back of the axis 6 motor.
Install test device, 3HAC 0207-1 and 3HAC 4618-1, which consists of a gauge,
valve, and adapter connected to the compressed air supply.
The chamber is pressurised to 0.2 bar and the valve is then closed.
Note!
Be careful not to over-pressurise the chamber.
4.
5.
44
The pressure is then monitored on the gauge to ensure that the loss during a
period of 45 seconds does not exceed 0.1 bar.
This pressure loss is due to air leaking through the cables. It is important that
the cables in the upper arm box are connected and the box is closed properly,
i.e. the air pressure will be lost in the square shaped Burndy connectors in the
axis 1 cavity.
If pressure is not maintained, the source of the leak must be located. This is
done by spraying a leak detecting fluid around the suspicious areas until the
leak has been located.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
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Cabling
If a leak is found, take the following action(s):
• In the back cover of the motor - apply latex under the back cover´s flange.
• Around any screw - apply latex under the screw head.
• Leakage through cable exit joints in cup of axis 6 cable assembly - replace the
cable.
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Product Manual IRB 6400R
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Options
8 Options
8.1 Cooling axis 1
Refer to foldout 2:14.
Dismounting:
Make sure that the cabinet is powered off when this operation begins.
1.
Dismount the two screws and open cover on the fan <1>.
2.
Disconnect wires from the connection point.
3.
Dismount the three screws at the side of the cover <4>.
4.
Replace the fan and the cover.
Mounting:
5.
Mount in reverse order.
8.2 Position Switch axis 1
Refer to foldout 2:15
Dismounting:
1.
Dismount the protective plates.
2.
Dismount the Rail bracket <5> and the 12 screws <8> from the under side of the
base.
3.
If the cams run into and overlaps on both rail sections, the cams must be
dismounted before the rails.
4.
Dismount the connector from the bracket on the left side of the manipulator base
(seen from behind).
5.
Dismount the two screws and remove the position switch.
Mounting:
6.
Mount in reverse order.
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Options
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8.3 Position Switch axes 2-3
Refer to foldout 2:16
Dismounting:
1.
Remove the rails by dismounting the M6x60 screws <2:16/8> in the lower arm.
2.
Remove the position switch by dismount the four M6x20 screws in the base.
3.
If the Spotweld Harness is mounted, it must be removed before the position switch.
4.
Disconnect the connector.
Mounting:
5.
In reverse Order.
8.4 Signal Lamp
Refer to foldout no. 2:1, 2:10, 2:18
Dismounting:
1.
Remove cover on axis 4 <2:1/7>.
2.
Dismount the two screws that attach the signal lamp <2:1/117> to the bracket
cover axis 4.<2:1/12>.
3.
Dismount the three screws on the cover on motor axis 4 <2:10/1> and remove the
cover.
4.
Dismount the cable gland <2:18/5>.
5.
Disconnect the connectors R2.H1 and R2.H2 <2:18/7>.
Mounting:
6.
48
In reverse order.
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Options
8.5 Process Media Conduit
Refer to foldout no 2:21
Dismounting:
1.
Dismount connectors R1.WELD, R1.PROC1, R1.PROC2 and R1.PROC3 from
the plate on the upper arm housing.
2.
Dismount connectors R1.WELD, R1.PROC1, R1.PROC2 and R1.PROC3 from
the plate on the manipulator foot.
3.
Open the snap attachments and dismount the cables.
4.
Dismount the upper rail by undoing the two fixtures underneath the base frame
(two M6x20 screws per fixture).
5.
Dismount the lower rails by undoing the two fixtures on the side of the manipulator foot (one M6x20 screw per fixture).
6.
Dismount the brackets on the base frame and foot (one M8x40 screw per bracket).
7.
Dismount the snap attachments, see Figure 18, Location of snap attachments.
3
2
1
Figure 18 Location of snap attachments
Mounting:
8.
Reassemble in the reverse order.
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8.6 Fork Lift Device
Refer to foldout no 2:1.
Dismounting:
1.
Attach a hoist to the lifting device <100>.
2.
Loosen the screws <100.1> and washers <100.2>.
Mounting:
3.
Mount in reverse order.
Tightening torque:
M16x60 screws
50
300 Nm
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Repairs
Calibration
9 Calibration
9.1 General
The robot measurement system consists of one feedback unit for each axis and a
measurement board that continuously keeps track of the current robot position.
The measurement board memory has a battery backup.
Note! The accumulator unit will be fully recharged when the main supply has been on
for 36 hrs. without any power interruptions.
The measurement system must be carefully calibrated (as described in Chapter 9.2,
Calibration procedure) if any of the resolver values are changed. This happens when:
- parts affecting the calibration position have been replaced on the robot.
The system needs to be roughly calibrated (as described in Chapter 11.1, Setting the
calibration marks on the manipulator) if the contents of the revolution counter memory
are lost. This may happen when:
- the battery is discharged.
- a resolver error occurs.
- the signal between a resolver and measurement board is interrupted.
- a robot axis has been moved with the control system disconnected.
9.2 Calibration procedure
The calibration is performed with the DynaCal System (see Figure 19).
9 pin male to 9 pin male
Adapter
25 pin male to 9 pin fem.
connected to the serial port on
any IBM PC compatible
DynaCal unit
Power
Note! Hardware key in the parallel port
Figure 19 The DynaCal System.
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Calibration
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System Requirements:
IBM PC with SVGA monitor and Windows 95/NT
How to calibrate one individual robot is described in this manual, for further
information, please see DynaCal User’s Manual, supplied with the DynaCal kit.
Note! To be able to utilize the DynaCal system for calibration of axis 1, the robot, at
installation, must have been calibrated according to the DynaCal-method and the
measuring program that was created is available on a diskette. The DynaCal calibration
unit must then have been mounted on a location that can be utilized again, see DynaCal
User’s Manual.
If the method, described above, not have been carried out, axis 1 must be calibrated
according to section 9.2.1.
If the robot at installation has been calibrated with the DynaCal system continue
according to section 9.3.
9.2.1 Calibrating axis 1, without the DynaCal System
1.
Position the manipulator approximately in calibration position 0.
2.
Select the MOTORS OFF mode.
3.
Remove the cover plate on the reference surface on gearbox 1.
4.
Attach the synchronisation bracket 3HAC 4663-2 (1) and stop (2) to the flat
surface and insert the corresponding measuring pin 6896 0011-YN (3) in one of the
three holes in the base.
Turn the operating mode selector to MANUAL REDUCED SPEED.
5.
Operate the robot manually with the joystick until the measuring pin (3) is
positioned within the flat surface of the stop (2).
Be careful! Risk of injury!
6.
Align the pin and stop with the calibration tool. See Figure 20.
1
2
3
4
Figure 20 Aligning the pin and stop with the calibration tool for axis 1.
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Calibration
7.
When the robot has been adjusted, the resolver value is stored by executing
commands on the teach pendant according to 11.
For Calibration set and tool number, see 12 Special Tools List Calibration Equipment.
9.3 .Calibrating the robot with the DynaCal system
The measurement cable is the most fragile part of the system. So always be
careful when manipulating it. Damaging the cable might compromise the
overall accuracy of the system.
When transporting the DynaCal system, avoid hitting the calibration unit
against other objects.
After every use, put both the DynaCal unit and the Adaptor back in the black
case.
1.
Mount the DynaCal Calibration unit inside the working range of the manipulator
(see Figure 21 and Figure 22).
Measurement cable
<= 3.0 m
DynaCal unit
<=3
.0 m
Figure 21 Location of DynaCal unit.
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Calibration
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View A
The axis of rotation of the pulley should be parallel with
robot axis 1 (± 5o).
View B
Mounting holes + holes for
dowel pins
Figure 22 How to mount the unit.
Use either a c-clamp or a bracket in the holes prepared in the unit (see Figure 23).
3-32 tap hole
∅ 3.175 (4x)
9.525
2.
46
22.225
10-32 tap hole
9.525
25.4
25.4
View A
22.225
View B
Figure 23 Mounting hole patterns on unit.
3.
54
Hook up the system together with a PC according to Figure 19.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
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Calibration
4.
Mount the calibration tool, 3HAC 4083-1, onto the mounting flange of the robot
as shown in Figure 24.
NOTE! The TCP value for the tool is written on the label on the tool.
3HAC 4083-1
Figure 24 Tool 3HAC 4083-1 mounted on the mounting flange, robot in calibration position.
5.
Mount the DynaCal calibration adapter onto the calibration tool.
6.
Install the DynaCalTM System Software in the PC (two diskettes), see below:
- Press the “Start” menu in Windows.
- Select “Run”.
- Enter a:\setup” and press OK.
- Follow the instructions on screen.
7.
Enter the TCP value for the tool (see point 4.), and activate it. Check that the TCP
is correct by reorientating the wrist with the joy-stick.
8.
Click on the “Start” button in Windows. Select “Programs”, and then select
“DynaCal Calibration System Software” from the list of programs.
9.
The menu shown on the screen is similar to all Windows products.
The DynaCal Software requires every robot to be associated to a project (i.e. every new
robot to be calibrated has to have a new project associated with it).
10. To create a new project choose, Project: New.
11. In the window “New Project” enter a project name, the directory where the
project is to be stored, also select the type of robot and the type of application the
robot performs.
12. In the same window, click the “Measurement option (DynaCal)...” button and
check that the Configuration file (.clb) has the same number as the serial number
of the DynaCal Calibration unit (see sign on the unit).
13. Then click the button OK in the “New Project” window.
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14. The “Master Robot Project Screen” appears with a picture of the manipulator.
15. To start the measurement procedure, click the “Measure” button.
16. A dialog box appears telling you to make sure that the measurement cable is at the
reference position on the DynaCal Calibration unit.
Note! Make sure that the cable attachment is placed in the reference position
to establish the zero point for the measurement process. Click OK.
17. Now the “Measurement Screen” window appears.
At this stage you should read a value of approx. 101.8. Pull the cable out and
in a couple of times by hand and then place it in it’s reference position again
and check that you have approx. the same value as from the beginning.
18. Now position the hook on the measurement cable onto the calibration adaptor
(mounted on the calibration tool). Make sure that the hook is properly engaged.
The calibration positions of the robot are done, using the teach pendant. Move the robot
to each position and store the position. Before moving the robot again you also teach
the measurement point by clicking the “Measure” button in the “Measuring Screen”.
The number of positions should be between 20 -30. The calibration positions should
cause as much change as possible in the tool orientation, and the robot should move to
its extremes (minimum reach and maximum reach). For convenience you may select
positions in a 1x1x1 m cube. Note that the angle at the joint coupling of the calibration
adapter at the end of the cable should not exceed 90 degrees.
19. Move the robot to the first position and store the position in the robot program.
Make sure that you have the right TCP activated.
20. At this position, also measure the point by clicking the “Measure” button or using
the “M” key of the keyboard. Make sure that the cable itself is not in contact with
any part of the robot or the fixtures present in the cell.
21. Continue in the same way with all of the other positions.
22. After the last position, place the cable in its reference position.
23. The default name for the measurement position file is DynaCal/1.msr (the name
can be changed by typing a new file name).
24. Then click OK in the “Measurement Screen” window.
25. A “Measurement Complete” message appears.
26. The measurement file will show up in the “Measurement files” box of the project
window.
27. Copy the robot program with the 20-30 positions to a diskette as a module.
File: “Save Module as”.
28. Insert the diskette into the PC.
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Calibration
29. Enter the file by selecting Project: Add Files To Project.
30. Select the file in the “Insert file(s) into Project” dialog window and click Open.
31. The file will now appear in the “Robot Files” box in the project window.
32. Click the file (obtained from the robot) in the “Robot Files” box.
33. Drag the file to the “Measurement file” box. While holding the file upon the
measurement file, press the Shift key. Now release the left mouse button (which
you initially pressed to drag the file).
34. The “Choose Calibration System” window appears.
35. Open the pop-up menu for “Parameter File” and select the right robot type, click
Open.
36. Then click OK in the “Choose calibration system” dialog box.
37. A box called “Parameters for: (name of robot program).mod”. Check that the
TCP information are correct. If not enter the correct TCP values. Click OK.
38. Click the “Robot” button in the window “Calibrate”.
39. Check that the box “Nominal” is selected, than click OK.
40. Start the calibration by clicking the button “Start calibration”.
41. Now click the button “Remove worst point and Recalibrate” a couple of times.
The figures in “Calibration results” should not change so much after pressing the
button a couple of times.
42. Then click the button “Save calibration & Close”.
43. A box called “DynaCal” appears. Click “Yes”.
44. Then just click “Save” in the box “Save as”.
45. Click “Yes” if you get a question if you want to replace the already existing file.
46. Now a file called “FineSync.mod” appears in the box “Robot files”.
47. Right-click on the file and choose “Send File(s) To A\:”.
48. Delete existing main routine in the robot system.
49. Load the FineSync. mod program into the robot system and run the program.
50. Store the new values according to section 11.
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10 Onboard Calibration
10.1 General
Onboard Calibration is used to allow short service breaks to check and if necessary
recalibrate the measurement system after e.g. collisions or tool jams, or after a
replacement of a motor on axes 1-4.
In case of a bigger operations e.g. change of structure parts or the wrist the robot have
to be calibrated with the “Field DynaCal” equipment see 9.3and followed by a new
Onboard Calibration to update new sensor position angles.
The sensor position is measured for all axes and stored on a floppy disk and in the
system parameters, and before delivery from SEROP they are printed on a label.
The sensor positions are measured with 0 kg load before shipment from SEROP.
When checking the calibration position with a load (tool), the Onboard Calibration
have to be performed with the same load as in the original measurement, and during
installation new sensor positions should be measured and stored when the load (tool) is
mounted.
If unacceptable deviations in the measurement system is discovered during Onboard
calibration, enter the old calibration offset into the program, and a new correct
calibration offset will be displayed.
The Onboard calibration equipment contains four sensors mounted on the manipulator
axes 1-4, one calibration tool with two mounted sensors for axes 5 and 6, one I/O
connection box with six sensor cables (L = 5 m), one CANBUS cable with Phoenix
connector (L 15 m) one CANBUS cable (L 6 m) and one Tap connector (3 way
connector).
The Onboard calibration kit have to be ordered from ABB and is delivered in a box.
Please order from ABB Robotics Dpt. SEROP/S.
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Onboard Calibration
10.2 Setup Onboard Calibration Equipment
The calibration is performed with the stationary sensors on axes 1 to 4, for axes 5 and
6 a tool is mounted when it is time for calibration.
Note ! During installation of the system, add the config file eio_obc.cfg to the
system parameters.
The system must be powered off during installation off the Onboard Calibration
equipment.
With CANBUS ( See Figure 25 Connection with CANBUS)
1.
Dismount the customer CANBUS cable from the R2.CANBUS connector on the
upper arm or on axis 4 housing.
2.
Mount the Tap (3 way connector) to the connector R2.CANBUS and the 6 m cable
from the Tap to the I/O box.
3.
Reconnect the customer CANBUS cable to the Tap.
Note ! The terminating resistor switch on the I/O box should be turned OFF.
6 m cable
Terminating resistor switch
Three way conector
I/O Box
Contoller cable
Figure 25 Connection with CANBUS
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Onboard Calibration
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Without CANBUS (See Figure 26 Connection without CANBUS)
4.
Connect the 15 m cable from the I/O box to the connector X10 on the backplane of
the controler.
Note ! the terminating resistor switch on the I/O box should be turned ON.
5.
Restart the system and load the program (see 10.3 Load the program on_board.prg.
load program).
6.
Remove the calibration plate and cover on motor axis 6.
7.
Remove the cover axis 4.
8.
Attach the tool for calibration on axes 5 and 6.
9.
Remove the protective cap from the sensors on axes 1-4.
10. Connect the cables from the box to the sensors on axes 1-6 see Figure 25 Connection
with CANBUS.
During Onboard calibration will the robot or the axes that is going to be calibrated move
towards the sensor (target) position.
Terminating resistor switch
I/O Box
15 m cable
Figure 26 Connection without CANBUS
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Onboard Calibration
10.3 Load the program on_board.prg.
• Press the Program key
to open the window.
• Choose File: Open.
A dialog box appears, displaying all programs in the current directory (see Figure 27).
Mass memory unit
flp1:
Robot1
on_board
Program
Current directory
Figure 27 The dialog box used to read programs.
• If necessary, change the mass memory unit by pressing Unit until the correct unit is
displayed.
• Select the desired program. Move up or down in the directory by using either ‘. .’ (up), or
the desired directory (down) and press Enter
.
• Choose OK to confirm.
When a program is already loaded into the system, but has not been saved, and you wish to
open another program, a dialog box appears and you will be asked whether you want to save
the old program or not.
1.
Remove the calibration plate and cover on motor axis 6.
2.
Remove the cover axis 4.
3.
Attach the tool for calibration on axes 5 and 6.
4.
Remove the protective cap from the sensors on axes 1-4.
5.
Connect the cables from the box to the sensors on axes 1-6 see Figure 25 Connection
with CANBUS.
6.
During Onboard calibration will the robot or the axes that is going to be calibrated move
towards the sensor (target) position.
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Sensor Positions.
Axis
1
2
3
4
5
6
Angle
-8,4°
-7,5°
+18,0°
-4,0°
-15,0°
±0°
10.4 Check of Measurement System/Calibration
Read and note the sensor positions (cal_sensor_positions) and calibration offset
(cal_offset) values from system parameters for the axes to be tested, if only the calibration
position is going to be tested is only the sensor positions needed.
To read and note the cal_sensor_position and cal_ offset.
• Press the Miscellaneous key
and select the Service Window.
• Select System parameters-Manipulator-Type1-Motor-Calib.
If the measurementsystem, of some reason got large deviations from delivered calibration
on some or all axes, then the axes have to be course calibrated before program start, use
the calibrations plates to adjust the axes.
Do not recalibrate axes with correct calibration offset.
If a new update of the calibration offset has been done, always make a course check of the
new calibration offset by jogging the axis to the sync. plates and read the position value
from the teach pendant window, (position shall be close to 0,0 degrees).
Note! that the values in the following figures are not correct, the figures are only
examples for the displayed windows during Onboard calibration.
Program Start
Start program
• Press the function key continue to
run the calibration program.
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Onboard Calibration
Default Load Values
The default load value is used only for the
movement of the robot during the
calibration, it will not affect the onboard
calibration function it self.
If the default values are used.
• Press the function key Yes and continue to Select All Axes or One by
One
If the default values not are used.
• Press the function key No and continue to Load Values
The default Load value is 100 kg and
center of gravity values is x=0, y=353 mm
z=353 mm.
Load Values
Enter Load values
• Enter a value in kg and press the
function key OK.
Center of Gravity
Enter a value for center of gravity.
• choose a value for x,y and z axes
and press the function key OK.
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Select All Axes or One by One
Calibrate the axes one by one or all at the
same time.
To calibrate all axes.
• Press the function key All axes.
The robot moves to the start position for
all axes, (sensor positions) then the
system measures one axis at a time.
• Press the function key One axis to
calibrate the axes one by one,
continue to chapter Test the axes
One by One .
Sensor Positions
The sensor positions for all axes are
measured and displayed.
• Press the function key continue to
enter old sensor positions.
-8.397654
-7.532875
18.63458
-3.999873
-15.234578
0.128724
When calibrating the sensor positions at
installation with customer load mounted,
note the sensor position values, and after
program finished the values are feed into
the system parameters.
• Press the Misc. key
.
• Sellect the Service Window
• Sellect System parameters-Manipulator-Type1-Motor-Calibcal_sensor-position.
• Enter value
• Restart system.
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Onboard Calibration
Displayed Calculated Position Difference
After entering the old sensor positions, the
difference between the new and old
positions on axes1 - 3 are displayed.
• Press the function key continue to
view positions for axes 4 - 6.
6.123456 7.123456
1.123456
2.123456 9.123456
6.123456
3.123456 3.123456 3.123456
• Press the function key Exit and the
test is finished.
Test the axes One by One
When the axes is to be tested one by one,
chose one axis see Select All Axes or One
by One.
• Select the axis to be measured.
• Press the function key OK.
A window appear that says Robot starts
moving. (only the axis to be measured will
be moved to its sensor position).
• Press the function key continue.
Old Sensor Positions
When the measuring of current axis is
done, enter the old sensor position for the
current axis.
• Press function key OK.
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Calculate the new cal. offset value
The difference between old and new
sensor pos. is now displayed.
If you want to calculate the new cal. offset
value, enter the old calibration offset
value.
3.225679 2.113432
1.112247
• Press function key Yes.
or if you want to exit the calib.program.
• Press function key Exit.
New Active Calibration Offset
The new calibration offset value is
displayed.
If you want to measure more axes.
2.12345
2.59722
• Press the function key Yes.
If you want to exit.
• Press the function key No.
10.4.1 Load Calibration Offset Value
The new calibration offset value is manualy loaded into the system parameters by this
operation.
• Press the Miscellaneous key
and select the Service Window.
• Select System parameters-Manipulator-Type1-Motor-Calib.
• Enter value.
• Restart system.
• Save the new calibration offset value on the parameter disk and write the value
down on the lable.
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Storing the values on the teach pendant
11 Storing the values on the teach pendant
1.
Press the Misc. window key (see Figure 28).
7
8
9
4
1
5
2
0
6
3
1
2
P2
P1
P3
Figure 28 The Misc. window key from which the Service window can be selected
2.
Select Service in the dialog box shown on the display.
3.
Press Enter
4.
Select View: Calibration. The window in Figure 29 appears.
File
.
Edit
View
Com
Service Commutation
Mech Unit
Status
1(4)
Robot
Not Calibrated
Figure 29 The window shows whether or not the robot system units are calibrated.
The calibration status can be any of the following:
- Synchronized
All axes are calibrated and their positions are known. The unit is ready for use.
- Not updated Rev. Counter
All axes are fine-calibrated but one (or more) of the axes has a counter that is
NOT updated. That axis, or those axes, must therefore be updated as
described in Chapter 11.1, Setting the calibration marks on the manipulator.
- Not calibrated
One (or more) of the axes is NOT fine-calibrated. That, axis or those axes,
must therefore be fine-calibrated as described in Chapter 9.2, Calibration proProduct Manual IRB 6400R
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Storing the values on the teach pendant
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cedure.
5.
If there is more than one unit, select the desired unit in the window in Figure 29.
Choose Calib: Calibrate and the window shown in Figure 30 will appear.
Calibration!
Robot
To calibrate, include axes and press OK.
Axis
X
X
X
X
Status
1
2
3
4
5
6
Incl
1(6)
Not Fine Calibrated
Not Fine Calibrated
Fine Calibrated
Fine Calibrated
Not Fine Calibrated
Not Fine Calibrated
All
Cancel
OK
Figure 30 The dialog box used to calibrate the manipulator.
6.
Press the function key All to select all axes, if all axes are to be commutated.
Otherwise, select the desired axis and press the function key Incl (the selected axis
is marked with an x).
7.
Confirm by pressing OK. The window in Figure 31 appears.
Calibration!
Robot
- - - - - WARNING - - - - The calibration for all marked axes
will be changed.
It cannot be undone.
OK to continue?
Cancel
OK
Figure 31 The dialog box used to start the calibration.
8.
Start the calibration by pressing OK.
An alert box is displayed during calibration.
The Status window appears when the fine calibration is complete. The revolution
counters are always updated at the same time as the calibration is performed.
Calibration plate and calibration marks
68
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Storing the values on the teach pendant
9.
Adjust the calibration plates for axes 1-6 (see Figure 32).
-
*)
*) axis number
+
Figure 32 Calibration marking.
10. Check the calibration position as described in Chapter 11.2, Checking the calibration position.
11. Change to the new calibration offset on the label, located ?????. The new calibration offset values can be found as follows:
• Select the window SYSTEM PARAMETERS;
• Types: Motor;
• Select axes in question;
• Press Enter
• Note the Cal offset value.
12. Save system parameters on a floppy disk.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
69
Storing the values on the teach pendant
Repairs
11.1 Setting the calibration marks on the manipulator
When starting up a new robot, you may receive a message telling you that the
manipulator is not synchronised. The message appears in the form of an error code on
the teach pendant. If you receive such a message, the revolution counter of the
manipulator must be updated using the calibration marks on the manipulator. See
Figure 32.
Examples of when the revolution counter must be updated:
- when the battery unit is discharged
- when there has been a resolver error
- when the signal between the resolver and the measuring system board has
been interrupted
- when one of the manipulator axes has been manually moved without the controller being connected.
It takes 36 hours’ operation to recharge the battery unit without any power
interruptions.
If the resolver values must be calibrated, this should be done as described in the chapter
on Repairs in the IRB 6400 Product Manual.
WARNING
Working in the robot work cell is dangerous.
Press the enabling device on the teach pendant and, using the joystick, move the robot
manually so that the calibration marks lie within the tolerance zone (see Figure 37).
N.B. Axes 5 and 6 must be positioned together.
Note that axis 6 does not have any mechanical stop and can thus be calibrated at the
wrong faceplate revolution. Do not operate axes 5 and 6 manually before the robot has
been calibrated.
When all axes have been positioned as above, the values of the revolution counter can
be stored by entering the following commands on the teach pendant:
1.
Press the Misc. window key (see Figure 33).
7
4
1
1
2
P1
8
5
2
0
9
6
3
P2
P3
70
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Storing the values on the teach pendant
Figure 33 The Misc. window key from which the Service window can be selected
2.
Select Service in the dialog box shown on the display.
3.
Press Enter
4.
Then, choose View: Calibration. The window shown in Figure 34 appears.
File
.
Edit
View
Calib
Service Calibration
Mech Unit
Status
1(4)
Robot
Unsynchronized
Figure 34 This window shows whether or not the robot system units are calibrated.
5.
Select the desired unit in the window, as shown in Figure 34.
Choose Calib: Rev. Counter Update. The window in Figure 35 appears.
Rev. Counter Updating!
Robot
To update, include axes and press OK.
Axis
Status
1(6)
X
X
X
X
1
2
3
4
5
6
Incl
Not updated
Not updated
Calibrated
Calibrated
Not updated
Not updated
All
Rev. Counter
Rev. Counter
Rev. Counter
Rev. Counter
Cancel
OK
Figure 35 The dialog box used to select axes whose revolution counter is to be updated.
6.
Press the function key All to select all axes, if all axes are to be updated. Otherwise, select the desired axis and press the function key Incl (the selected axis is
marked with an x).
Product Manual IRB 6400R
71
Storing the values on the teach pendant
7.
Repairs
Confirm by pressing OK. A window like the one in Figure 36 appears.
Rev. Counter Updating!
Robot
The Rev. Counter for all marked axes
will be changed.
It cannot be undone.
OK to continue?
Cancel
OK
Figure 36 The dialog box used to start updating the revolution counter.
8.
Start the update by pressing OK.
If a revolution counter is incorrectly updated, it will cause incorrect positioning. Thus, check the calibration very carefully after each update. Incorrect
updating can damage the robot system or injure someone.
9.
Check the calibration as in Chapter 11.2, Checking the calibration position.
-
*)
*) axis number
+
Figure 37 Calibration marks on the manipulator.
10. Save system parameters on a floppy disk.
72
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Storing the values on the teach pendant
11.2 Checking the calibration position
There are two ways to check the calibration position; both are described below.
Using the diskette, Controller Parameters:
Run the program \ SERVICE \ CALIBRAT \ CAL 6400 on the diskette, follow
instructions displayed on the teach pendant. When the robot stops, switch to MOTORS
OFF. Check that the calibration marks for each axis are at the same level, see Figure
37. If they are not, the setting of the revolution counters must be repeated.
Using the Jogging window on the teach pendant:
Open the Jogging window
and choose running axis-by-axis. Using the joystick,
move the robot so that the read-out of the positions is equal to zero. Check that the
calibration marks for each axis are at the same level, see Figure 37. If they are not, the
setting of the revolution counters must be repeated.
11.3 Alternative calibration positions
Before it can be calibrated in one of the two alternative positions, the robot must have
been calibrated with calibration equipment at calibration position 0 for all axes (the
robot is delivered with calibration position 0). See Figure 38.
Cal.pos. 2 +90o
Left (1.570796)
Y
X
Cal.pos. 0
Right (-1.570796)
Cal.pos. 1 -90o
Figure 38 Calibration positions 0, 1 and 2 (Normal, Right and Left)
Note!
If the final installation makes it impossible to reach the calibration 0 position, an
alternative calibration position must be set before installation.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
73
Storing the values on the teach pendant
Repairs
1.
Run the calibration program CAL64 M96 on system disk Controller Parameter
(SERVICE.DIR\ CALIBRATE.DIR). Select Normal position, check the calibration marks for each axes.
2.
Run the calibration program again and select the desired calibration position (Left
or Right), see Figure 38.
3.
Change to the new calibration offset for axis 1, as follows:
• Select the window SERVICE;
• View: Calibration;
• Calib: Calibrate;
• Select axis 1 (no other axes)
• Then confirm by pressing OK two times.
4.
Change to the new calibration offset on the label, located on the frame to the left
of motor axis 1 (remove the cover between axes 2 and 3). The new calibration offset values can be found as follows:
• Select the window SYSTEM PARAMETERS;
• Types: Motor;
• Select axis 1;
• Press Enter
• Note the Cal offset value.
5.
Change to the new calibration position on axis 1, as follows:
• Select the window SYSTEM PARAMETERS;
• Topics: Manipulator;
• Types: Arm;
• Select axis 1;
• Change Cal pos to 1.570796 or -1.570796 depending on selected calibration
position. The angle is in radians, see Figure 38.
6.
Restart the robot by selecting File: Restart.
7.
Move the sync.plate, on the base, for axis 1 to its new position.
8.
Save the system parameters on a floppy disk.
For Calibration equipment see Running H/F 2 Repairs
74
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Special Tools List
12 Special Tools List
All sections e.g Motor Axes 1-3 refers to sections in chapter 12 Repairs.
The need for special tools has been reduced to a minimum. When tools are needed for
dismounting/mounting work, a description is given in the Product Manual, Chapter
Repairs.
During the ordinary service training courses arranged by ABB Flexible Automation,
detailed descriptions of the tools are given together with their use.
Motors Axes 1-3
Rem.
Lifting Device Axis 1
3HAC6875-1
Lifting Device Axes 2-3
3HAC 6876-1
Pinion Press
3HAC 4850-1
Dismount Pinion
SKF Oil injector 226 270
“
SKF Nipple 101 82 19
Motors/Gears Axes 4-6
Rem.
Pump
6369 901-286
Dismounting, gear motor axis 4
SKF oil injector 226 270*
Pressing tool, gear on motor axis 4
6896 134-AC
Pressing tool, final gear
6896 134-AT/-AN
Valve
SKF 234 063
Hydraulic cylinder
NIKE I-CH 612*
Holding tool, tube shaft end
6896 134-BU*
Holding tool, final gear
6896 134-FK*
Pressing tool, tube shaft
3HAB 8079-1
Pressing tool, front bearing, tube shaft
6896 134-S
Pressing tool, housing and rear bearing
6896 134-FL
Pressing tool, seal inside housing
6896 134-FA
Dismounting rear bearing and housing,
axis 4
6896 0011-YJ
Puller gear motor axis 6
3HAA 7601-043
Play measurement tool, wrist
6896 134-CE
Play measurement tool, wrist
6896 134-CD
Product Manual IRB 6400R
77
Special Tools List
Repairs
Play measurement tool, wrist
6896 134-CF
Balancing Cylinders
Rem.
Auxiliary shaft Bearing Race
3HAB 5281-1
Auxiliary shaft
3HAB 5276-1
Auxiliary shaft
3HAB 5275-1
Screw
M12x40
Lifting Device
3HAC 6877-1
Lubricating tool
3HAC 5222-1
Arm System
Rem.
Measurement fixture, gear motor shaft
axis 5
6896 134-GN*
Pressing tool
3HAC 5025-1
Lifting device Upper Arm
3HAC 1817-1
KM 12 Socket
3HAC 5347-1
Mouting tool - Lower Arm
3HAC 5216-1
Demounting tool - Lower Arm
3HAC 5302-1
Tightening tool
3HAB 1022-1
Mounting/Demounting tool - Parallel Bar
3HAC 5021-1
Mounting tool Roller Bearing/Sealing
Complete.
3HAC 2246-1
Mounting tool Roller Bearing/Sealing
(Front)
3HAC 1893-1
Mounting tool Roller Bearing/Sealing
(Back)
3HAC 1894-1
Calibration tool for TCP check
Rem.
Tool for TCP adjustment
3HAA 0001-UA
X=-15 mm, Z=-150 mm
Calibration set for Vision
3HAA 0001-XR
Bracket
78
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Repairs
Special Tools List
Calibration tools axis 1
Sync. fixture set
3HAC 6355-1
Bracket
3HAC 4663-2
Stop
3HAC 4691-1
Measure pin
6896 0011 YN
Calibration tool
3HAB 7477-1
Calibration tools axis 2-6 (1)
DynaCal equipment
Calibration tool
3HAC 4083-1
Onboard calibration tools
OnBoard Calib. Set Complete
3HAC 6809-1
I/O Box with sensors and sensor cables
3HAC 7006-1
Calibration tool for axis five and six.
3HAC 6004-1
Documentation, Onboard User’s Guide
3HAC 8063-1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
79
Special Tools List
80
Repairs
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Part List and Spare Parts
CONTENTS
Page
1 Rebuilding Parts.............................................................................................................. 3
1.1 IRB 6400R / 2.5-120 .............................................................................................. 3
1.2 IRB 6400R / 2.5-200 .............................................................................................. 3
1.3 IRB 6400R / 2,8-150 .............................................................................................. 3
1.4 IRB 6400R / 2,8-200 .............................................................................................. 4
1.5 IRB 6400R / 3,0-100 .............................................................................................. 4
2 Part List Manipulator..................................................................................................... 5
2.1 Manipulator IRB 6400R ......................................................................................... 5
2.2 Labels and Plate Set................................................................................................ 8
2.3 Axis 1-3 Complete.................................................................................................. 9
2.4 Lower arm System.................................................................................................. 11
2.5 Upper arm Complete .............................................................................................. 12
2.6 Axis 4, Complete .................................................................................................... 13
2.7 Wrist Complete....................................................................................................... 15
2.8 Motor incl. gearbox axis 6...................................................................................... 17
2.9 Balancing Unit........................................................................................................ 18
2.10 Fan Axis 1 Complete ............................................................................................ 19
2.11 Position Switch Axis1........................................................................................... 20
2.12 Position Switch Axes 2......................................................................................... 21
2.13 Position Switch Axes 3 ........................................................................................ 21
2.14 Signal Lamp.......................................................................................................... 22
2.15 Forklift Set............................................................................................................ 22
2.16 Onboard Calibration ............................................................................................. 23
2.17 Process Media Conduit......................................................................................... 23
2.18 Harness ................................................................................................................. 24
3 Spare Part List Manipulator.......................................................................................... 25
3.1 Manipulator ............................................................................................................ 25
3.2 Axis 1-3 Complete.................................................................................................. 25
3.3 Upper Arm Complete ............................................................................................. 26
3.4 Miscellaneous ......................................................................................................... 27
4 Part List / Spare Parts Controller ................................................................................. 28
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Cabinet.................................................................................................................... 28
Basic Equipment..................................................................................................... 28
Operators Panel....................................................................................................... 29
Mains ...................................................................................................................... 30
Transformer ............................................................................................................ 31
Product Manual IRB 6400R
1
Part List and Spare Parts
Page
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
2
Teach Pendant.........................................................................................................
Cables to Manipulator ............................................................................................
I/O Interfaces ..........................................................................................................
Computers and Disk Drive .....................................................................................
32
33
35
36
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Part List and Spare Parts
1 Rebuilding Parts
Following chapters (1.1-1.5) describes the main details that differ from the basic
version IRB 6400R / 2,5-150.
Note ! This list is valid for rebuilding to a standard IRB, Options like Foundry
or insulated mounting flange are not included.
1.1 IRB 6400R / 2.5-120
Foldout 1:1
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 3599-1
Motor Axis 3
Rem.
1.2 IRB 6400R / 2.5-200
Foldout 1:1
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
2
1
3HAC 3602-1
Motor Axis 2
3
1
?
Upper arm complete
4
1
3HAC 4103-1
Balancing weight 309 kg
Rem.
1.3 IRB 6400R / 2,8-150
Foldout 1:2
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 5441-1
Arm extension set
2
1
3HAC 4327-1
Harness axis 5, 680
3
1
3HAC 4328-1
Harness axis 6, 790
4
1
3HAC 4103-1
Balancing weight 309 kg
5
1
3HAC 4547-1
Cover
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem.
3
Part List and Spare Parts
1.4 IRB 6400R / 2,8-200
Foldout 1:2
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
6
1
3HAC 3602-1
Motor Axis 2
4
1
?
Upper arm complete
7
1
3HAC 4129-1
Balancing weight 458 kg
Rem.
1.5 IRB 6400R / 3,0-100
Foldout 1:2
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
8
1
3HAC 3599-1
Motor Axis 3
1
1
3HAC 3964-1
Arm Extension
2
1
3HAC 4327-1
Harness axis 5, 680
3
1
3HAC 4328-1
Harness axis 6, 1340
4
1
3HAC 4103-1
Balancing weight 309 kg
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem.
4
Part List and Spare Parts
2 Part List Manipulator
Item number refers to item number on foldouts
(Spare part no. = See Spare Parts List Manipulator for the Spare Part number)
2.1 Manipulator IRB 6400R
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 3972-1
Part List
2:1 - 2:3
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 4644-1
Axis 1-3 complete
2
1
3HAC 3973-1
Upper arm complete
3
1
3HAC 4671-1
Parallel bar incl bearing
Spare part no.
4
2
3HAC 3608-1
Balance unit type A
Spare part no.
4
2
3HAC 4219-1
Balance unit type B
Spare part no.
5
1
3HAC 3902-1
Balancing weight 154 kg
Spare part no.
5
1
3HAC 4103-1
Balancing weight 309 kg
Spare part no.
5
1
3HAC 4129-1
Balancing weight 458 kg
Spare part no.
6
1
3HAC 4724-1
Labels- and plate set
7
1
3HAC 4807-1
Cover axis 4
8
1
3HAB 7070-1
Cover
9
1
3HAC 4349-1
Cover
10
2
3HAA 1001-164
Protective plate
11
30
3HAB 3537-1
Bearing grease
12
1
3HAC 4807-3
Bracket, cover ax. 4
13
1
3HAC 4547-1
Cover
Spare part no.
13
1
3HAC 4674-1
Cover,345
Spare part no.
13
1
3HAC 4675-1
Cover,550
Spare part no.
14
1
3HAC 4731-10
Welding Connector Lid
15
3
3HAC 4836-2
Protection plug
16
1
3HAC 4836-2
Protection plug
17
1
3HAC 4836-6
Protection plug
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimensions
Rem.
Spare part no.
5
Part List and Spare Parts
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
18
1
3HAC 5280-1
Cover, R1.CP/CS
100
1
3HAC 4765-1
Fork lift set
100.1
8
3HAB 3469-86
Hex socket head cap screw
100.2
8
3HAA 1001-186
Washer
101
1
3HAC 4656-1
Mech stop 15 degr set ax1
101
1
3HAC 4657-1
Mech stop 7,5 deg set ax1
102
1
3HAC 4658-1
Mech stop ax 2/3 set
103
1
3HAC 4658-1
Mech stop ax 2/3 set
104
1
3HAC 4370-1
Connection box CANBUS
104
1
3HAC 4371-1
Connection box IBUS/PBUS
108
1
3HAC 3495-1
Harness CP/CS ax4
108
1
3HAC 3494-1
Harness CP/CS ax3
110
1
3HAC 3496-1
SWeld Harness 25/3 int.
117
1
3HAC 4804-1
Signal Lamp
118
1
3HAC 4702-1
Pos SW ax1 compl 1 funct.
118
1
3HAC 4702-3
Pos SW ax1 compl 3 funct.
118
1
3HAC 4702-2
Pos SW ax1 compl 2 funct.
119
1
3HAC 4716-1
Pos SW ax 2 compl
120
1
3HAC 4723-1
Pos SW ax 3 compl
121
1
3HAC 4811-1
Fan axis 1 compl
122
1
3HAC 4813-1
Cover, push button guard
123
1
3HAC 6360-1
Onboard calibration
200
2
3HAC 4545-1
Shaft
201
2
9ADA 205-75
Set screw, cup point
202
1
3HAA 1001-125
Spacer
203
2
2216 264-16
Sealing ring IRB 3000
204
2
3HAA 1001-173
Sealing Ring
205
2
2213 3802-8
Taper roller bearing
65x100x23
206
2
2216 0085-5
Nilos ring
65x98,4x6,3
207
2
3HAB 4460-1
Protective ring
207
2
3HAA 1001-126
Spacer
208
2
2126 2851-112
Lock nut
209
2
1269 0014-429
Locking liquid
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimensions
Rem.
M16x60
M10x20
M60x2
6
Part List and Spare Parts
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
211
2
3HAA 1001-658
O-RING
212
2
3HAB 3772-17
O-ring
220
2
3HAC 4330-1
Shaft
221
2
3HAC 4331-1
Thrust washer
222
2
3HAC 4332-1
Cover washer
223
2
9ADA 312-6
Plain washer
6,4x12x1,6
224
2
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x116
230
4
3HAC 3484-1
RING
231
8
3HAC 3478-1
SUPPORT WASHER
232
8
3HAC 3479-1
Sealing ring
233
4
3HAC 3483-1
LOCK NUT
240
4
3HAB 3409-93
Hex socket head cap screw
241
4
3HAA 1001-186
WASHER
251
1
3HAC 4756-1
Holder for cableguide
252
1
3HAC 4757-1
Cableguide
253
8
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
254
5
9ADA 312-6
Plain washer
6,4x12x1,6
260
2
9ADA 624-56
Torx counters. head screw
M6x16
261
12
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
262
4
9ADA 629-55
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
263
2
9ADA 629-55
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
264
2
9ADA 629-55
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
265
4
9ADA 629-55
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
266
19
9ADA 629-55
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
267
23
9ADA 629-55
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
268
25
9ADA 629-55
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
269
1
9ADA 629-57
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x20
600
1
3HAC 2763-1
UL-label
70x35
601
1
3HAC 5986-1
Label
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimensions
Rem.
53,34x5,34
M16x120
7
Part List and Spare Parts
2.2 Labels and Plate Set
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4724-1
Part List
2:4
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Text on Label
1
2
3HAC 3981-1
Warning label
Stored energy
2
4
3HAC 4431-1
Warning label
High temp.
3
2
3HAC 4517-1
Warning label
Risk of squeezing
4
1
3HAC 4591-1
Instruction label
Safety provisions
7
1
3HAC 5089-1
ABB-logotype
Logotype
9
3
3HAC 5127-1
ABB-logotype
Logotype
12
1
3HAC 6029-1
Warning label
Brake release
14
1
3HAC 4725-1
Instruction label
Lifting of robot
15
2
3HAC 5020-1
Warning label
Risk of tipping
16
5
3HAC 1589-1
Warning sign
Flash sign w. arrow
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem.
8
Part List and Spare Parts
2.3 Axis 1-3 Complete
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4644-1
Part List
2:5 - 2:6
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 4367-1
Gearbox 1-3 inc.base
1.9
8
3HAC 4521-1
Oil Plug
2
1
3HAC 4344-1
Lower arm System
3
1
3HAC 4646-1
Motor 1 incl pinion
Spare part no.
4
1
3HAC 4648-1
Motor 2 incl pinion
Spare part no.
5
1
3HAC 4649-1
Motor 3 incl pinion
Spare part no.
6
1
3HAC 4615-1
Brake release unit
Spare part no.
7
35,5
1171 2016-604
Lubricating oil
8
1
3HAC 3667-1
Mech.stop ax.1
9
1
3HAC 3491-1
Harness manipulator
10
1
3HAC 4532-1
Harness protecting cap
11
1
3HAC 4553-1
Cover, harness cap axis 1
12
32
3HAB 3409-86
Hex socket head cap screw
13
32
3HAA 1001-186
WASHER
14
1
3HAC 4241-1
Connector plate complete
15
1
3HAC 4680-1
Cover R1
16
1
3HAC 4621-1
SMB and battery unit
17
1
3HAC 4605-1
Cover unit, SMB
30
1
3HAC 4810-4
Sync Bracket Axis 1
31
1
3HAA 1001-73
Sync. plate, axis 1
32
1
3HAC 4810-6
Sync Support Axis 1
33
1
3HAC 4810-5
Calib. Bracket Axis 1
34
1
3HAC 4810-1
Sync Bracket Axis 2
35
2
3HAC 4832-1
Sync. plate with nonie
36
1
3HAC 4832-2
Sync. plate Axis 2
37
2
3HAC 4810-3
Sync Bracket Axis 2/3
38
1
3HAC 4810-2
Sync Bracket Axis 3
40
1
3HAC 4832-3
Sync. plate Axis 3
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimensions
Rem.
Spare part no.
R 1/2
M16x60
Spare part no.
Spare part no.
9
Part List and Spare Parts
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
42
1
3HAC 5172-1
Cable guide ax2
43
1
3HAC 5500-1
Cover mech.stop 1
100
54
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
101
1
9ADA 183-108
Hex socket head cap screw
M20x90
102
1
3HAC 3668-1
Compression spring
103
1
3HAC 3669-1
Washer
104
12
9ADA 183-50
Hex socket head cap screw
M10x25
105
12
9ADA 312-8
Plain washer
10,5x20x2
106
15
3HAB 7116-1
Adhesive
108
1
3HAC 4670-1
Hose clamp, 120-140mm
109
10
9ADA 618-32
Torx pan head screw
M4x8
110
10
9ADA 312-4
Plain washer
4,3x9x0,8
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimensions
Rem.
Spare part no.
10
Part List and Spare Parts
2.4 Lower arm System
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4344-1
Part List
2:7
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 3896-1
Lower arm
2
1
3HAC 3898-1
Parallel arm
3
1
3HAB 4169-1
Sealed spherical bearing
4
1
3HAC 4310-1
Sealed spherical bearing
5
2
3HAC 4444-1
Damper
6
2
3HAC 4442-1
Damper axis 2
7
2
3HAC 4443-1
Damper axis 3
8
10
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
10
1
1269 0014-429
Locking liquid
11
1
3HAC 4435-1
Spacing sleeve
12
1
3HAC 4458-1
Spacing sleeve
13
10
3HAB 3537-1
Bearing grease
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimensions
Rem.
Spare part no.
M6x16
11
Part List and Spare Parts
2.5 Upper arm Complete
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 3973-1
Part List
2:8 - 2:9
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 4212-1
Axis 4, complete
2
1
3HAC 3975-1
Wrist, complete
3
1
3HAC 5441-1
Arm extension set
3.102
8
3HAB 7700-69
Hex socket head cap screw
3.103
8
3HAA 1001-134
Washer
3.104
1
9ABA 142-92
Spring pin, slotted
3.105
2
3HAA 1001-297
Friction Washer
3.1
1
3HAC 3963-1
Arm extension
345
Spare part no.
3.2
1
3HAC 3964-1
Arm extension
550
Spare part no.
4
1
3HAC 3492-1
Harness axis 5
4
1
3HAC 4327-1
Harness axis 5, 680
5
1
3HAC 3493-1
Harness axis 6, 790
5
1
3HAC 4328-1
Harness axis 6, 1340
6
8
3HAB 7700-69
Hex socket head cap screw
7
8
3HAA 1001-134
Washer
8
1
9ABA 142-92
Spring pin, slotted
10x30
9
6
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
10
1
3HAC 4677-1
Lining
11
1
1269 0014-429
Locking liquid
12
2
3HAA 1001-297
Friction Washer
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem.
Spare Part No
M12x50
10x30
M12x50
12
Part List and Spare Parts
2.6 Axis 4, Complete
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4212-1
Part List
2:10
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 4070-1
Motor incl pinion axis 4
Spare part no.
3
1
3HAC 4399-1
Axis 4 housing
Spare part no.
3
1
3HAC 3938-1
Axis 4 housing
Spare part no.
4
2
3HAA 1001-124
Support ring
5
1
3HAC 4267-1
Upper arm, foundry
5
1
3HAC 3774-1
Upper arm
6
2
2213 253-5
Ball bearing
170x215x22
7
1
2216 0086-4
Sealing (Nilos)
180x215x4
8
1
3HAB 4317-1
SEALING
9
1
3HAA 1001-628
Sealing
10
1
2216 261-18
Sealing
11
1
3HAA 1001-24
Gear
11
1
3HAB 8460-1
Gear Z4/4
12
1
3HAB 8508-1
Spacer
13
1
3HAC 4209-1
Interm. wheel unit Z2,3/4
14
3
3HAB 3409-62
Hex socket head cap screw
M10X100
15
3
2154 2033-10
Spring washer
10,5x23x2,5
16
3
2122 2011-465
Studs
M8X70
17
3
3HAA 1001-99
Wedge
18
3
9ADA 267-7
Hexagon nut
M8
19
8
9ADA 312-7
Plain washer
8,4x16x1,6
20
1
3HAA 1001-102
Stop axis 4, Upper arm
21
2
9ADA 183-65
Hex socket head cap screw
22
1
3HAA 1001-100
Damper axis 4
23
1
3HAA 1001-17
Stop Axis 4 Casting
24
1
3HAA 1001-98
Gasket
25
8
9ADA 183-37
Hex socket head cap screw
M8x25
26
2
2522 122-1
Magnetic plug
R1/4"
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem
Spare part no.
170x200x15
M12x30
13
Part List and Spare Parts
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Dimension
27
2
2152 0441-1
Washer
13,5x18x1,5
28
1
3HAA 1001-33
Cover axis 4, machining
29
1
3HAA 1001-97
Gasket
30
12
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
31
12
2154 2022-4
Spring washer
6,4x12x0,5
32
1
3HAC 3774-7
Spacer ring
33
1
3HAA 1001-76
Sync. plate axes 4
34
1
3HAA 1001-79
Sync. plate with nonie
35
4
9ADA 629-32
Torx pan head roll. screw
M4x8
36
4
9ADA 312-4
Plain washer
4,3x9x0,8
37
600
0
1171 2016-604
Lubricating oil
38
2
2522 726-3
Protective hood
39
1
1269 0014-429
Locking liquid
40
1
1269 0014-407
Locking liquid
41
30
3HAB 3537-1
Bearing grease
42
1
3HAB 3772-27
O-ring
170x5
43
12
2154 2033-9
Spring washer
8,4x18x2
44
1
3HAC 3242-4
Fixing plate axis 3
45
4
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
46
2
3HAC 4444-1
Damper
48
1
3HAC 4521-1
Oil Plug
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem
D=7,6 - 9,3
M6x16
R 1/2
14
Part List and Spare Parts
2.7 Wrist Complete
Article No
Name
Foldout No
Rem
3HAC 3975-1
Part List
2:11
Spare Part no.
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Dimension
Rem.
1
1
3HAC 0694-1
Wrist housing, machining
2.1
1
3HAC 3605-1
Motor
2.5-120, 2,5-150
3.0-100
Spare Part no.
2.1
1
3HAC 3606-1
Motor
2.5-200, 2.8-200
Spare Part no.
2.3
1
2151 2012-430
O-ring
3
4
9ADA 183-38
Hex socket head cap screw
M8x30
4
4
9ADA 312-7
Plain washer
8,4x16x1,6
5
1
3HAC 4072-1
Gear set unit Z1,2,3/5
6
4
3HAB 3409-53
Hex socket head cap screw
7
1
3HAA 0001-AE
Set of Shims
8
1
3HAB 4335-1
Set of shims
10
1
3HAA 2167-15
Spherical roller bearing
11
1
3HAA 1001-132
Deep Groove Ball Bearing
12
1
3HAB 4333-1
Shaft
13
6
9ADA 183-38
Hex socket head cap screw
M8x30
14
1
3HAB 7299-1
SEALING
Di=115 Dy=140
B=12
16
1
2158 0399-4
End lid
D=120
17
8
3HAA 1001-106
Washer
18
1
3HAA 1001-266
Screw
19
1
3HAA 1001-267
Washer
20
4
2122 2011-465
Studs
21
4
3HAA 1001-99
Wedge
22
4
9ADA 267-7
Hexagon nut
23
2
3HAB 4337-1
Damper axis 5
24
8
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
25
2
2522 122-1
Magnetic plug
R1/4"
26
2
2152 0441-1
Washer
13,5x18x1,5
Product Manual IRB 6400R
M10x25
D=52/25 B=18
M8X70
M8
15
Part List and Spare Parts
27
2
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
28
1
3HAA 1001-112
Gasket
29
1
3HAA 1001-79
Sync. plate with nonie
30
2
9ADA 629-32
Torx pan head roll. screw
M4x8
31
11
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
32
1
3HAC 3974-1
Motor incl gearbox axis 6
33
12
3HAB 3409-57
Hex socket head cap screw
M10x60
33
12
3HAB 3409-73
Hex socket head cap screw
M12x70
34
1
3HAC 4085-1
Gear unit Z6/5
35
2
9ADA 312-4
Plain washer
4,3x9x0,8
36
11
2154 2022-4
Spring washer
6,4x12x0,5
37
1
3HAC 4084-1
Interm. Wheel Unit Z4,5/5
38
1
3HAB 4384-1
Cover axis 5, anodized
Spare Part no.
38
1
3HAB 9326-1
Cover, anodized
Spare Part no.
39
1
1269 0014-429
Locking liquid
40
1
1269 0014-413
Locking liquid
41
6
1171 2016-604
Lubricating oil
41
6,5
1171 2016-604
Lubricating oil
43
16
2154 2033-9
Spring washer
8,4x18x2
44
2
9ADA 312-6
Plain washer
6,4x12x1,6
45
4
3HAB 4233-1
Washer
48
1
1234 0011-116
Flange sealing
49
2
9ADA 618-55
Torx pan head screw
M6x12
50
1
3HAC 0767-1
Locking washer
D=31 T=2
Product Manual IRB 6400R
M6x16
Spare Part no.
16
Part List and Spare Parts
2.8 Motor incl. gearbox axis 6
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 3974-1
Part List
2:12
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Dimension
Rem.
1
1
3HAC 3609-1
Motor
2.5-120, 2.5-150
2.8-150, 3.0-100
Spare Part no.
1
1
3HAC 3610-1
Motor
2.5-200, 2.8-200
Spare Part no.
2
1
2152 0431-12
O-ring
151,99x3,53
3
1
3HAB 5593-1
Reduction gear RV-30E-81
3
1
3HAC 4594-1
Reduction gear RV-30E-81
4
8
3HAB 3409-40
Hex socket head cap screw
M8x40
5
1
9ADA 183-21
Hex socket head cap screw
M5x50
6
8
3HAA 1001-172
Washer
7
1
2522 122-1
Magnetic plug
R1/4"
8
1
2152 0441-1
Washer
13,5x18x1,5
9
1
3HAA 1001-77
Sync. plate,axis 5
10
1
3HAA 1001-78
Sync. plate, axis 6
11
1
3HAA 1001-174
Sync. plate
12
4
9ADA 629-32
Torx pan head roll. screw
M4x8
13
4
9ADA 312-4
Plain washer
4,3x9x0,8
14
300
3HAC 2331-1
Grease
15
1
1269 0014-410
Locking liquid
Product Manual IRB 6400R
17
Part List and Spare Parts
2.9 Balancing Unit
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4724-1
Part List
2:13
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 4530-1
Cylinder w attachment
2
1
3HAC 3574-1
Piston
3
1
3HAC 3565-1
Flange
4
1
3HAC 3611-1
Compression spring A/B
5
1
3HAC 3883-1
Compression spring innerB
6
1
3HAC 3476-1
Guiding ring
7
1
3HAC 3532-1
Lining
8
2
3HAC 3311-1
Adjust. Needle Bearing
9
4
3HAC 3567-1
Protective hood
10
1
3HAC 3530-1
Circlip
11
1
3HAC 3614-1
Marking plate B
12
2
2522 2101-5
Protection hood
D=9,2-10,8
13
1
9ADA 618-55
Torx pan head screw
M6x12
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Text on Label
Rem.
18
Part List and Spare Parts
2.10 Fan Axis 1 Complete
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4811-1
Part List
2:14
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 4106-1
Radial fan
2
1
3HAC 5213-1
Holder
3
1
3HAC 5180-1
Housing
4
7
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
5
3
9ADA 629-59
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x30
6
1
3HAA 1001-607
GASKET
7
1
3HAC 6255-1
Fan cable
8
2
2166 2055-3
Cable straps, outdoors
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem.
4,8x208
19
Part List and Spare Parts
2.11 Position Switch Axis1
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4702-1,2,3
Part List
2:15
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 4704-1
Pos SW 1 function
1
1
3HAC 4705-1
Pos SW 2 functions
1
1
3HAC 4706-1
Pos SW 3 functions
2
1
3HAC 5183-1
Rail axis 1, entrance
3
1
3HAC 5184-1
Rail axis 1
4
1
3HAC 5414-1
Cam kit ax1:1
5
6
3HAC 4735-1
Rail bracket axis 1
6
1
3HAC 4766-1
Connector bracket R1.SW1
7
4
3HAC 4798-1
Tension pin
8
26
9ADA 618-56
Torx pan head screw
9
1
3HAC 5437-1
Mitre box 30deg
10
1
3HAC 5439-1
Cable bracket R1.SW1
11
2
3HAC 4839-1
Protection sheet axis 1
12
1
9ADA 183-81
Hex socket head cap screw
M16x35
13
1
2969 105-12
Bag
600x200x800x0,
10
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem.
M6x16
20
Part List and Spare Parts
2.12 Position Switch Axes 2
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4716-1
Part List
2:16
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Dimension
1
1
3HAC 5435-1
Pos SW 1 functions
2
1
3HAC 4693-1
Plate with spacer axis 2
3
1
3HAC 5422-1
Cam kit ax2
4
1
3HAC 5185-1
Rail axis 2
5
2
3HAC 4398-1
Bracket
6
4
9ADA 618-56
Torx pan head screw
M6x16
7
4
9ADA 618-57
Torx pan head screw
M6x20
8
4
9ADA 618-65
Torx pan head screw
M6x60
9
1
3HAC 5437-1
Mitre box 30deg
Rem.
2.13 Position Switch Axes 3
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4723-1
Part List
2:17
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 5436-1
Pos SW 1 functions axis 3
2
1
3HAC 5186-1
Rail axis 3
3
1
3HAC 5423-1
Cam kit ax3
4
3
3HAC 4609-1
Rail bracket axis 3
5
12
9ADA 618-56
Torx pan head screw
6
1
3HAC 5437-1
Mitre box 30deg
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem.
M6x16
21
Part List and Spare Parts
2.14 Signal Lamp
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4804-1
Part List
2:18
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Dimension
1
1
3HAC 2552-1
Lamp
2
1
3HAC 2987-1
Lamp Holder
3
1
3HAB 3772-21
O-ring
4
1
3HAC 4909-1
Bracket, signal lamp
5
1
3HAC 4772-2
Cable gland (tabular dr.)
Pg7 (Pr12,5)
4,0-7,0
6
1
3HAC 4772-3
Cable gland (tabular dr.)
Pg9 (Pr15,2)
4,0- 6,0
7
2
5217 649-87
Connector
8
2
5217 649-70
Pin
0.5-0.75 mm2
9
1100
3HAC 3198-1
Cable
3 x AWG20
10
2
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M6x16
11
2
2166 2055-3
Cable straps, outdoors
4,8x208
Rem.
2.15 Forklift Set
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 4765-1
Part List
2:1
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
100
2
3HAC 4364-1
Fork Lift Device
100.1
8
3HAA 1001-186
WASHER
100.2
8
3HAB 3409-86
Hex socket head cap screw
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem.
M16x60
22
Part List and Spare Parts
2.16 Onboard Calibration
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 6360-1
Part List
2:19 - 2:20
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 6014-1
Inductive switch set
2
0
3HAC 6004-1
Sync.tool
3
1
3HAC 3659-1
Parallel key
4
1
3HAC 3763-1
Parallel key
5
1
3HAC 4470-1
Parallel key
6
10
1234 0011-109
Acrylate adhesive
Dimension
Rem.
2.17 Process Media Conduit
Article No
Name
Foldout No
3HAC 6018-10
Part List
2:21
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 6018-1
Lower process media guide
2
1
3HAC 6018-8
Attachment, p.media guide
3
1
3HAC 6018-9
Attachment, p.media guide
4
18
9ADA 629-56
Torx pan head roll. screw
M16x16
5
8
9ADA 312-6
Plain washer
6,4x12x1,6
6
4
3HAC 6018-13
Spacer
7
1
3HAC 6018-2
Upper process media guide
8
2
3HAC 6018-3
Attachment profile
9
1
3HAC 6018-11
Attachment, p.media guide
10
4
6355 0004-HF
Hose Clamp 80
11
8
9ADA 183-35
Hex socket head cap screw
12
1
3HAC 6018-20
Material set, support arm
13
1
3HAC 4731-5
Welding Bracket Side
14
1
3HAC 4731-6
Welding Bracket on Frame
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem.
M8x16
23
Part List and Spare Parts
15
2
s 9ADA 183-71
t
Hex socket head cap screw
M12x60
16
2
s 9ADA 312-9
t
Plain washer
13x24x2,5
17
1
m3HAB 7116-1
l
Locking liquid
18
2
s 9ADA 267-9
t
Hexagon nut
19
1
s 3HAC 4731-3
t
Welding Bracket Lower Arm
20
4
s 9ADA 183-54
t
Hex socket head cap screw
21
1
s 3HAC 6018-14
t
Attachment, p.media guide
22
4400 m3HAC 5320-1
m
Protection hose
Di=67mm Dy=80mm
23
2
s 9ADA 183-49
t
Hex socket head cap screw
M10x20
24
5
s 3HAC 4127-8
t
Counters. hex head screw
M8x25
25
2
s 3HAC 4738-1
t
Welding Cable Clamp
M12
M10x45
2.18 Harness
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
4
1
3HAC 3492-1
Harness axis 5
4
1
3HAC 4327-1
Harness axis 5
680
5
1
3HAC 3493-1
Harness axis 6
790
5
1
3HAC 4328-1
Harness axis 6
1340
9
1
3HAC 3491-1
Harness manipulator
10
1
3HAC 4532-1
Harness protecting cap
108
1
3HAC 3495-1
Harness CP/CS ax4
108
1
3HAC 3494-1
Harness CP/CS ax3
110
1
3HAC 3496-1
SWeld Harness 25/3 int.
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Dimension
Rem.
24
Part List and Spare Parts
3 Spare Part List Manipulator
3.1 Manipulator
Drawing number 3HAC 3972-1
Item
Number
Actions and Supplements
Spare P. Number
Fan Axis 1
3HAC 4106-1
Painted
Cap
3HAC 5180-1
Painted
Parallel Arm + Bearings
3HAC 4058-1
Painted
3HAC 7169-1
Balancing Unit
3HAC 3608-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 3981-1
Mounting Details pos. 209,230,231,232,233
3HAC 6964-1
Balancing Unit
3HAC 4219-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 3981-1
Mounting Details pos. 209,230,231,232,233
3HAC 6967-1
Balancing Weight 154 kg
3HAC 3902-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4517-1, 3HAC50891
Screw pos. 240 and pos 241
3HAC 7019 -1
Balancing Weight 309 kg
3HAC 4103-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4517-1, 3HAC50891
Screw pos. 240 and pos 241
3HAC 7020-1
Balancing Weight 458 kg
3HAC 4129-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4517-1, 3HAC50891
Screw pos. 240 and pos 241
3HAC 7021-1
3.2 Axis 1-3 Complete
Drawing number 3HAC 4644-1
Item
Number
Actions and Supplements
Spare P. Number
Gear Box
3HAC 4367-1
Painted
3HAC 7149-1
Gear Box
3HAC 4367-1
Sealings, VK Cover
Gear Box
3HAC 4367-1
Oil Pipe
Lower Arm
3HAC 4344-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4725-1/3HAC 51271
3HAC 7150-1
Motor 1 + Pinion
3HAC 4646-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4431-1 + 3HAC
1589-1
3HAC 6930-1
Motor 2 + Pinion 100-150kg
3HAC 4648-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4431-1
Motor 3HAC 3600-1+ Pinion 3HAC 4520-1
3HAC 6931-1
Motor 2 + Pinion 200kg
3HAC 4648-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4431-1
Motor 3HAC 3602-1+ Pinion 3HAC 4520-1
3HAC 6933-1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
25
Part List and Spare Parts
Motor 3 + Pinion 100-120kg
3HAC 4649-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4431-1
Motor 3HAC 3599-1+ Pinion 3HAC 4520-1
3HAC 6934-1
Motor 3 + Pinion 150-200kg
3HAC 4649-1
Painted, Labels 3HAC 4431-1
Motor 3HAC 3602-1+ Pinion 3HAC 4520-1
3HAC 6935-1
Break release unit
3HAC 4615-1
Cover+Card
Yes
Cover R1
3HAC 4680-1
Painted
3HAC 7126-1
Cover Mechanical Stop
3HAC 5500-1
Painted
3HAC 7165-1
Cover SMB
3HAC 4605-1
Painted, with Sealing
3HAC 7166-1
3.3 Upper Arm Complete
Drawing number 3HAC 3973-1
Item
Number
Actions and Supplements
Spare Part No.
Motor Ax.4 + Pinion
3HAC 4070-1
Motor Ax.4 100-150 kg
3HAC 4070-1
Painted, Labels.
Motor 3HAC 3605-1+ Pinion 3HAC 4520-1
3HAC 6936-1
Motor Ax.4 200 kg
3HAC 4070-1
Painted, Labels.
Motor 3HAC 3606-1+ Pinion 3HAC 8418-1
3HAC 6937-1
Axis 4 Housing
3HAC 3938-1
Painted
Axis 4 Housing
3HAC 4399-1
Painted
3HAC 7126-1
Cover Axis 4
3HAC 4807-1
Painted+pos. 253 and pos. 254
3HAC 7015-1
Upper Arm
3HAC3774-1
Painted
Arm Extender 345
3HAC 3963-1
Painted + pos. 102-105
3HAC 7134-1
Arm Extender 550
3HAC 3964-1
Painted + pos. 102-105
3HAC 7135-1
Cover Axis 4
3HAA 1001-33
Painted
Wrist
3HAC 3975-1
Tested, Painted, Label 3HAC 5127-1 + pos.
6,7,8,11,12
Wrist 150 kg
Motor 3HAC 3609-1 + 3HAC 5927-1 +
3HAC 3605-1
3HAC 6668-1
Wrist 150 kg Insulated
Motor 3HAC 3609-1 + 3HAC 5928-1 +
3HAC 3605-1
3HAC 6668-2
Wrist 200 kg
Motor 3HAC 3610-1 + 3HAC 5927-1 +
3HAC 3606-1
3HAC 6668-3
Wrist 200 kg Insulated
Motor 3HAC 3610-1 + 3HAC 5928-1 +
3HAC 3606-1
3HAC 6668-4
Motor Axis 5 100-150 kg
3HAC 3605-1
Motor Axis 5 200 kg
3HAC 3606-1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
26
Part List and Spare Parts
Motor Axis 6 + Pinion
3HAC 3974-1
Yes
Motor Ax. 6 + Pinion
100-150 kg
Painted, (Motor 3HAC 3609-1 + 3HAC 59271)
3HAC 6938-1
Motor Axis 6 + Pinion
100-150 kg Insulated
Painted, (Motor 3HAC 3609-1 + 3HAC 59281)
3HAC 6940-1
Motor Axis 6 + Pinion
200 kg
Painted, (Motor 3HAC 3610-1 + 3HAC 59271)
3HAC 6942-1
Motor Axis 6 + Pinion
200 kg Insulated
Painted, (Motor 3HAC 3610-1 + 3HAC 59281)
3HAC 6943-1
Motor Axis 6
3HAC 3609-1
Painted
3HAC 7156-1
Motor Axis 6
3HAC 3610-1
Painted
3HAC 7157-1
Cover Axis 5 100-150 kg
3HAB 4384-1
Painted, Label 3HAC 5127-1
3HAC 7016-1
Cover 200 kg
3HAB 9326-1
Painted, Label 3HAC 5127-1
3HAC 7017-1
3.4 Miscellaneous
Item
Number
Actions and Supplements
Spare P. Number
Cover
3HAB 7070-1
Painted
3HAC 7130-1
Cover
3HAC 4547-1
Painted
3HAC 7129-1
Cover
3HAC 4674-1
Painted
3HAC 7128-1
Cover
3HAC 4675-1
Painted
3HAC 7127-1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
27
Part List and Spare Parts
4 Part List / Spare Parts Controller
4.1 Cabinet
Article No
Name
3HAC 3803-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
2
1
3HAC 0927-2
Air filter
Rem
clips
4.2 Basic Equipment
Article No
Name
3HAC 3011-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
5
1
3HNM 00032-1
Holder for Teach Pendant
6
1
3HAB 2480-1
Floppy Disc Drive
9
1
3HAB 7215-1
Panel board set DSQC 331
11
1
3HAC 6647-1
Duty time counter
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem
28
Part List and Spare Parts
4.3 Operators Panel
Article No
Name
3HAC 3101-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAB 7818-1
Actuator tranparent
5
1
5911 069-10
Filament lamp
Article No
Name
3HAC 2355-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 2349-1
Filament lamp
7
1
3HAB 5171-1
Emergency stop
9
1
SK 616 003-A
Lamp block
10
2
SK 616 001-A
Contact block
16
1
3HAB 5171-1
Emergency pushbutton
Article No
Name
3HAC 3132-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 3116-1
Cam Switch
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem
Rem
Rem
29
Part List and Spare Parts
4.4 Mains
Article No
Name
3HAC 2412-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
12
1
3HAC 2406-1
Door Interlock NA-Switch
14
1
3HAC 3577-1
Circuit breaker
Article No
Name
3HAC 2834-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAB 5142-1
3-phase main switch
10
1
3HAB 8037-1
Door Interlock
Article No
Name
3HAC 4803-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
2
3
3HAC 4802-1
Fuse
Article No
Name
3HAC 0831-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAB 2017-7
Miniature circuit breaker
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem
Rem
Rem
Rem
30
Part List and Spare Parts
Article No
Name
3HAC 0779-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAB 2017-4
Safety breaker
Rem
4.5 Transformer
Article No
Name
3HAC 7199-18
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
2
1
3HAB 8101-1
Modules Drive System
DSQC 346U
Article No
Name
3HAC 4815-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
2
1
3HAB 8101-14
Modules Drive System
DSQC 345E
9
1
3HAB 7362-1
Fan unit
1
3HAB 7311-1
Fan
Article No
Name
3HAC 3873-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAB 4951-1
Transformer unit T5
T5, 200-440V
1
1
3HAC 3876-1
Transformer unit T5
T5, 400-500V
1
1
3HAC 4953-1
Transformer unit T5
T5, 475-600V
Product Manual IRB 6400R
31
Part List and Spare Parts
Article No
Name
3HAC 1477-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 1475-1
Mains line filter
Article No
Name
3HAC 7308-1
Part List
Rem
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAB 1475-1
Mains line filter
IRB 4400, 64XX
Rem
Article No
Name
3HAC 7067-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAB 7067-1
Electronic Time Relay
4.6 Teach Pendant
Article No
Name
3HAC 3901-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HNE 00313-1
Prog.Unit, W/Backlight
2
1
3HNE 00133-1
Extension Cable for TPU
10 m
1
3HNE 00188-1
Teach pendant cable
10 m
Product Manual IRB 6400R
Rem
32
Part List and Spare Parts
4.7 Cables to Manipulator
Article No
Name
3HAC 4936-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 4717-5
Control cable power
L=22 m
2
1
3HAC 2540-1
Control cable signal
L=22 m
Article No
Name
3HAC 4934-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 4417-4
Control cable power
L=15 m
2
1
3HAC 2530-1
Control cable signal
L=15 m
Article No
Name
3HAC 4936-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 5548-2
Control cable power
L=15 m Braided
2
1
3HAC 3345-1
Control cable signal
L=15 m Braided
Article No
Name
3HAC 4937-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 4417-6
Control cable power
L=30 m
2
1
3HAC 2566-1
Control cable signal
L=30 m
Product Manual IRB 6400R
33
Part List and Spare Parts
Article No
Name
3HAC 4933-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 4417-1
Control cable power
L=7 m
2
1
3HAC 2493-1
Control cable signal
L=7 m
Article No
Name
3HAC 4938-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 5548-1
Control cable power
L=7 m Braided
2
1
3HAC 3344-1
Control cable signal
L=7 m Braided
Article No
Name
3HAC 3836-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 3379-1
Pos. switch cable
L=15 m
1
1
3HAC 3380-1
Pos. switch cable
L=22 m
1
1
3HAC 3381-1
Pos. switch cable
L=30 m
1
1
3HAC 3378-1
Pos. switch cable
L=7 m
3
1
3HAC 4948-2
Pos. switch cable Axes2/3
L=15 m
3
1
3HAC 4948-3
Pos. switch cable Axes2/3
L=22 m
3
1
3HAC 4948-4
Pos. switch cable Axes2/3
L=30 m
3
1
3HAC 4948-1
Pos. switch cable Axes2/3
L=7 m
Product Manual IRB 6400R
34
Part List and Spare Parts
Article No
Name
3HAC 3861-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HAC 4947-2
CP, CS, CAN Cable
L=15 m
1
1
3HAC 4947-3
CP, CS, CAN Cable
L=22 m
1
1
3HAC 4947-4
CP, CS, CAN Cable
L=30 m
1
1
3HAC 4947-1
Can Bus/Cust Power
L=7 m
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
3HAC 9742-1
Dig. 24VDC I/O Modul
DSQC 328
2
3HAC 1512-1
Analog I/O Unit
3
3HAC 9741-1
A D Combi I/O Modul
DSQC 327
4
3HAB 9746-1
Dig.120VAC I/O Unit
DSQC 320
5
3HAB 9745-1
Dig. with relays I/O Unit
DSQC 332
Rem
4.8 I/O Interfaces
Article No
Name
3HAC 4048-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name
3HAC 4104-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
1
1
3HAC 0070-1
RIO Unit
2
3HAC 1495-1
Interbus-S Slave set
3
3HAC 1785-1
Profibus DP Slave set
4
3HAB 1701-1
ENC unit
3HAB 2183-1
Profibus M/S DSQC 368
6
1
Product Manual IRB 6400R
35
Part List and Spare Parts
Article No
Name
3HAC 4047-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
4
1
3HAC 7216-1
Mounting set I/O pos. 1, 2
4
1
3HAC 7636-1
Mounting set I/O pos. 1 - 4
Rem
4.9 Computers and Disk Drive
Article No
Name
3HAC 4061-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
2
1
3HAB 5957-1
Memory Expansion DSQC 324
16 MB
2
1
3HAB 5956-1
Memory Expansion DSQC 323
8 MB
Article No
Name
3HAC 4664-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
1
3HNE 00001-1
Circuit board NIOC
DSQC 336
Article No
Name
3HAC 4568-1
Part List
Item
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
2
1
3HAC 2424-1
BackPlane
DSQC 369
14
1
3HAC 1620-1
Power supply
DSQC 365
21
1
3HAC 3180-1
Robot Computer
DSQC 373
23
1
3HAC 0373-1
Main Computer
DSQC 361
Product Manual IRB 6400R
36
Part List and Spare Parts
Article No
Name
3HAC 4568-1
Part List
Item
14
Qty
Article No
Name of Item
Rem
1
3HAC 6478-1
Floppy disk cable
DSQC 369
1
3HAC 7239-3-1
Cover with cooler
DSQC 365
Product Manual IRB 6400R
37
Part List and Spare Parts
Product Manual IRB 6400R
38
Part List and Spare Parts
Product Manual IRB 6400R
39
Part List and Spare Parts
Product Manual IRB 6400R
40
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