User`s Manual Template

User`s Manual Template
USER’S
MANUAL
C33 - MULTIFUNCTION ROUTER BOARD
BOARD Rev 2.4
FEBRUARY, 2015
User’s Manual
Page i
USER'S MANUAL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page #
Contents
1.0
OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................... 1
2.0
FEATURES .......................................................................................................... 1
3.0
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................... 2
4.0
BOARD DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................... 3
5.0
SELECTION JUMPER ......................................................................................... 4
5.1
Jumper for Input (PULL-UP or PULL-DOWN) ................................................. 4
5.2
Jumper for (PWM or FREQ) ............................................................................. 4
5.3
Jumper for Frequency (50Hz or 60Hz) ............................................................ 5
6.0
SPECIAL FUNCTIONS ........................................................................................ 5
6.1
Safety Charge Pump “SCHP”. (Pin 17) .......................................................... 5
6.2
Selecting the SCHP operation mode ............................................................... 6
6.3
Configuring the Control Software: .................................................................. 7
7.0
ENABLE PIN ........................................................................................................ 9
8.0
WIRING SAMPLE .............................................................................................. 10
9.0
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAMS .................................................................. 11
9.1
Pins 2-9 simplified block diagram ............................................................... 11
9.2
Pins 1, 14, 16 and 17 simplified block diagram .......................................... 11
9.3
Inputs simplified block diagram .................................................................. 12
10.0
WIRING DIAGRAMS .......................................................................................... 13
10.1
Connecting Switches or push button.......................................................... 13
10.2
Connecting NPN sensors. ............................................................................ 13
10.3
Connecting PNP sensors. ............................................................................ 16
10.4
Other connection. ......................................................................................... 16
11.0
TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................... 17
12.0
DIMENSIONS ..................................................................................................... 20
User’s Manual
Page ii
1.0 OVERVIEW
This card provides an easy way of interfacing your router based spindle with your
steeper motor driver board. This board includes a speed controller for routers.
Additionally provides terminals for inputs to be used as are required by the user.
2.0 FEATURES

IEEE 1284 Standard compatible. Includes the circuitry recommended by the
IEEE 1284 Level 1 standards for bidirectional parallel communications between
personal computers and peripherals.

DB25 connector to connect the stepper motor driver board. These
connectors manage only pins 2 – 9.

Microcontroller based SCHP. This board comes with a microcontroller that
allows the implementation of a complex algorithm for sampling and analyzing the
SCHP signal.

Terminals to control the router speed.

Additional Terminals for controlling a coolant pump or vacuum.

Speed Control Signal Can Be PWM or 0-25HZ Pulse Stream.

Works with 110 or 220VAC at 60 or 50 HZ.

For 2.5HP or 1800 Watt Routers.

LEDs Show The Operation Mode.

Buffered inputs and outputs. Outputs are buffered through the use of high
speed and high current buffers allowing the card to output the signals without
using the power from the parallel port. It can take the +3.3 or +5vdc signal from
the parallel port and deliver solid +5vdc at 24 milliamps.

Input and output pins with close by ground or +5vdc connections

External Enable Pin (EN). The board has a pin that allows you to enable/disable
all the outputs at once. The board requires +5vdc in the EN pin. If it is not
present, it will send all the outputs to ground. You can use this to enable or
User’s Manual
Page 1

disable the system manually, or you can install an external Safety Charge Pump
or other external safety monitoring device.
Works directly with popular CNC hardware and software. Such as
Geckodrive G540, xylotex, HobbyCNC, Rockcliff, or Rutex, and parallel port
control software, such as mach2, Linux EMC, TurboCNC, CNCPlayer, CNCZeus
and others. (Not all tested).

All TTL 5VDC signals. Interface directly with parallel port interface products and
other CNC4PC cards. 5VDC (TTL) cards are very common among automation
devices.

Screw-On connections for all terminals. You only have to screw-on the wires
to make all your connections.
3.0 SPECIFICATIONS
DIGITAL INPUT SPECIFICATIONS
On-state voltage range
2 to 5V DC
Maximum off-state voltage
0.8V
Maximum operation frequency
4 MHz
Typical signal delay
10nS
DIGITAL OUTPUT SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum output voltage
(5V power supply voltage) + 0.5V
Typical output current
24mA
Maximum off-state voltage
0.44 V
Maximum operation frequency
4 MHz
Typical signal delay
10 nS
Time of transition to high impedance state
120 mS*
*Time passed since a low in the ENABLE input is detected and the outputs are disabled.
User’s Manual
Page 2
4.0 BOARD DESCRIPTION
REQUIREMENTS
It requires a 5VDC @ 700 milliamps power supply to operate.
User’s Manual
Page 3
5.0 SELECTION JUMPER
5.1
Jumper for Input (PULL-UP or PULL-DOWN)
Pins 10,11,12,13 and 15 can be set to pull-up or pull-down by selecting the jumper in the
appropriate position.
The input pins can be set to be pulled up or down with a 4.7Kohm resistor.
PULL-UP
5.2
PULL-DOWN
Jumper for (PWM or FREQ)
Set the jumper to select the appropriate control method, it can be PWM or
FREQUENCY. The board can be used with 110 or 220 VAC
PWM
User’s Manual
FREQ
Page 4
5.3
Jumper for Frequency (50Hz or 60Hz)
Set jumper to the frequency with that it will work
50Hz
60Hz
6.0 SPECIAL FUNCTIONS
6.1
Safety Charge Pump “SCHP”. (Pin 17)
This board takes advantage of Mach ability to send a specific frequency through one of
the pins of the parallel port when the program is in control of the system. CNC
machinery can be very dangerous, and you could have a risk of the machine doing
something different that what you intend the machine to do if the program loses control
of your system. Mach be can be programmed in a way, so when it is “in control”, it
delivers a 12.5 KHz signal through one of the pins. This card lets you use this signal to
work as an On/Off switch for your system, enabling a powerful safety system for your
equipment. If you ever had windows crash on you, then this card is for you. The port
can also do weird things while the system is coming up, or down.
For Configuring the Charge Pump in Mach X: Use the dialog Config / Ports and
pins / Output Signals. Enable the Charge Pump output and configures it as is shown in
the Fig. 8 Next, press the apply button.
User’s Manual
Page 5
Fig. 4 Charge Pump configuration
6.2
Selecting the SCHP operation mode
The Safety Charge Pump can be activated or deactivated depending on the jumper
position
ON
OFF
Note: When the Safety Charge Pump is activated, the EN terminal is active and a valid
SCHP signal is present, pin 17 will go high. This high signal can be used to enable
other external devices, such as enabling other Breakout Boards, or relays that would
enable servos, VFDs, contactors, etc….
User’s Manual
Page 6
6.3
Configuring the Control Software:
For configuring Mach X follow these steps:
Go to Config / Ports&Pins / Motor Outputs. Enable the spindle and select the port and
pins you wired for step and direction.
Ports&Pins configuration screenshot
Go to Config / Ports&Pins / Spindle Setup. In the motor control box, check Use Spindle
Motor Output and PWM Control with a frequency of 300Hz. If using an external motion
controller, like the Smooth Stepper, this needs to be configured in the plugin too.
User’s Manual
Page 7
Under Pulley Ratios set the pulley ratios of the machine.
Spindle Setup screenshot
Go to Config / Motor Tuning / Spindle. Set the velocity and acceleration to the max.
User’s Manual
Page 8
7.0 ENABLE PIN
This is a hardware disable feature. The card must be provided with a 5VDC signal to
enable operation. This feature has been added to externally control the status of the
outputs. When the enable signal is not present, output signals sent high impedance
state. If this function is not required, an jumper can be placed between +5vdc and the
EN terminal. It has an internal 4.7kOhm pull-down resistor.
It is always a good idea to wire the EN terminal in parallel with E-Stop, so that when EStop is pressed the system is disabled at hardware level, like it is described in this
wiring diagram: http://cnc4pc.com/Tech_Docs/E_STOP_N_EN_Wiring.pdf
User’s Manual
Page 9
8.0 WIRING SAMPLE
WARNING: This card must have the power supplied while it is connected to the
PC. If power is removed to the card while it is connected to the PC, noise can be
introduced to the output lines. This can create a dangerous situation as relays or other
devices that might be connected to this card could get activated.
WARNING
Check the polarity and voltage of the external power source and connect the 5V and
GND. Overvoltage or reverse-polarity power applied to these terminals can cause
damage to the board, and/or the power source. Follow the steps bellow.
User’s Manual
Page 10
9.0 FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAMS
9.1
Pins 2-9 simplified block diagram
Fig. 1 Simplified functional block diagram for pins 2-9.
9.2
Pins 1, 14, 16 and 17 simplified block diagram
Fig. 2 Simplified functional block diagram for outputs 1, 14, 17 and 16.
Note: “Internal Enable” = “External Enable Pin” AND (“SCHP” OR “Bypassed SCHP”)
The “Internal Enable” is the result of an AND Operation between the “External Enable
Pin”and the SCHP operation mode selected by the user.
Note: The outputs will be deactivated if the board is not connected to the PC parallel
port.
User’s Manual
Page 11
9.3
Inputs simplified block diagram
Fig. 3 Simplified functional block diagram for input.
Pins 10, 11, 12, 13 and 15 can be set to pull-down or pull-up by selecting the
jumper in the appropriate position.
The input pins can be set to be pulled up or down with a 4.7Kohm resistor.
User’s Manual
Page 12
10.0 WIRING DIAGRAMS
While this board supports only TTL +5VDC signals, different kind of sensors, switches
using different voltages can be connected using the diagrams that follow:
Note: The below wiring diagrams are an example, any input can be used for the connections.
10.1
Connecting Switches or push button.
Fig. 6 Wiring diagram to connect switches.
10.2
Connecting NPN sensors.
Fig. 7 Wiring diagram to connect NPN open collector proximity sensors.
User’s Manual
Page 13
Fig. 8 Wiring diagram to connect in parallel NPN open collector proximity sensors.
Connecting NPN open collector proximity sensor with the C33
R1 Value (12V)
R1 Value (24V)
Aprox. 10KΩ
Aprox. 25KΩ
Fig. 9 Wiring diagram to connect NPN proximity sensors with internal pull up resistor.
User’s Manual
Page 14
Some NPN proximity sensor has a pull-up resistor (R1) internally. It is necessary to
know its value in order to connect safely the sensor with the BOB. Follow this
recommendation:
Connecting NPN open collector proximity sensor with the C33
(R1+R2) Value (12V)
(R1+R2) Value (24V)
Aprox. 10KΩ
Aprox. 25KΩ
Calculating the R1 value
Note: Rx is the unknown resistor value.
RX = VEX.(R/V) - R
(1)
Where:
VEX is the external power supply voltage
V is the voltage across the R resistor
An external resistor and a voltmeter are required to calculate the internal resistor (Rx)
value.
Note. The user should know the R value to do this operation. A 4.7KOhm @ 1/2W
is recommended.
SAMPLE: if you are using a 12V power supply (VEX), and using a 4.7KOhm as
external resistor (R), then the voltage across R should be 6V, using the equation
1, the Rx value is 4.7KOhm.
User’s Manual
Page 15
10.3
Connecting PNP sensors.
Fig. 10 Wiring diagram to connect PNP proximity sensors
Connecting PNP proximity sensor with the C33
10.4
R Value (12V)
R Value (24V)
Aprox. 10KΩ
Aprox. 25KΩ
Other connection.
Other connections can be implemented by setting the inputs to pull-up resistor.
Fig. 11 Wiring diagram to do an “Auto Tool Zero”
User’s Manual
Page 16
11.0 TROUBLESHOOTING
SYMPTOM 1: THE BOARD. Other connections can be implemented by setting the
inputs to pull-up resistor.
NOT RELAY THE SIGNALS.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
-
Pin conflict or mach3 configuration.
It is possible that the port address
used for the pin is not right, or that
there is a pin conflict with the. That is
that you are using that same pin twice.
(It could be assigned to a different
function).
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
-
-
-
-
-
The board does not like the
waveform it is getting.
Some
breakout boards could invert the
signals or modify the pulse width.
Changing the active low status of the
pin used also inverts the waveform.
The signal or frequencies are not
getting to the board. It could be the
cable or that you are passing the
signal through the same breakout
board that you are enabling/disabling,
so the outputs could be disabled, so
they will not get to the breakout board.
Problems
with
Mach3
Pulse
Generation.
Mach3 could have
installation problems (you did not
restart immediately after installation),
or there could be something creating a
conflict. Some dongle devices might
cause this, other software, like
QuickTime or drivers for touch screen.
User’s Manual
Go to the device manager in windows,
and check the memory address used for
the parallel port you are using. Usually it
will be 378 for LPT1. Check also that
the port does not have a conflict. Then
in mach3, go to Ports & Pins / Port Setup
and Axis Selection. Check the memory
address is correct.
Check that the pin you are using is not
been used anywhere else in your setup.
Got to motor output and output signals,
and check all the entries.
-
Play with the active low status of the pin
used for the frequency.
-
Try a different cable.
Test the pins in the cable (before they
reach the breakout board) with a
multimeter.
-
Test this in a different PC.
Follow Art’s suggestions for optimizing
up WinXP:
http://www.machsupport.com/downloads
/XP_Optimization.txt.
Page 17
SYMPTOM 2: THE OUTPUTS DO NOT GET ENABLED / NO SIGNALS ARE COMING
OUT.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
-
-
The EN terminal (Enable Outputs) is
not enabled. The board requires to be
externally enabled.
The parallel cable is not well
connected to the PC parallel port.
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
-
-
Make sure you are providing +5vdc to
the EN terminal. This +5vdc can be
taken from the terminal next to it.
Check if the parallel port is well
connected to the PC.
SYMPTOM 3: THERE IS NOISE IN THE SYSTEM, OR THE MOTORS DO NOT MOVE
SMOOTHLY.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
-
The board could be underpowered.
-
Make sure you are using a +5vdc
500mA power supply.
-
There could be a short that could be
draining the power to the board.
-
Check that there are no hot spots in the
board or it’s connections.
Measure
the
board’s
power
consumption, it should be less than
400mA (depending on the features
used).
Blown chips could create an internal
short and end up drawing power that can
affect how other chips work.
-
-
-
There could be an external noise
source that could be introducing
noise into the system.
User’s Manual
- Try using shielded cables.
- Try to isolate VFDs or AC servos, etc.
- Try using 103. 0.1mF caps between the
I/O terminal and a ground of the board.
Page 18
SYMPTOM 5: A I/O PIN MIGHT NOT BE WORKING.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
-
A chip may have gone bad. These
buffers could act as fuses for the
signals, and they can go bad because
of noise spikes or even strong static.
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
-
-
-
There could be a problem with
the parallel cable or parallel port.
-
These chips are inexpensive and readily
available. You can order them here:
http://www.cnc4pc.com/Store/osc/index.
php?cPath=38_43.
Carefully moving chips around and
checking if the problem moves around
could be a way of figuring out if this is
the case.
Test this with a different PC or
parallel port.
SYMPTOM 5: MOTOR DOES NOT START.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
-
Router does not start.
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
-
-
-
-
User’s Manual
Make sure you are connecting the
AC source to the C33 Main
Terminals.
In Mach X, go to Config / Ports&Pins
/ Motor Outputs. Change the active
low status of the pin 14
Check the onboard fuses.
In Mach X, go to Config / Ports&Pins
/ Motor Outputs. Change the active
low status of the pin 1.
-
Page 19
12.0 DIMENSIONS
All dimensions are in Millimeters.
DISCLAIMER
Use caution. CNC machines can be dangerous machines. Neither DUNCAN USA, LLC
nor Arturo Duncan are liable for any accidents resulting from the improper use of these
devices. This product is not a fail-safe device and it should not be used in life support
systems or in other devices where its failure or possible erratic operation could cause
property damage, bodily injury or loss of life.
User’s Manual
Page 20
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