Atmel Wireless LAN Access Point User`s manual

Atmel Wireless LAN Access Point User`s manual
Wireless LAN Access Point
EW-7205AP
User’s Manual
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction............................................................................. 1
1.1 Package Contents .......................................................................................... 1
1.2 Features ......................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Specifications ................................................................................................ 2
1.4 System Requirement ..................................................................................... 3
1.5 Physical Description ..................................................................................... 3
Chapter 2 Wireless LAN Access Point Connection................................ 6
Chapter 3 Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration ........................... 7
3.1 AP Utility ...................................................................................................... 7
3.1.1
How to Install the AP Utility ...............................................................................7
3.1.2
Using the AP Utility.............................................................................................7
3.2 Access Point SNMP Manager..................................................................... 14
3.2.1
How to Install the SNMP Manager....................................................................14
3.2.2
Using the SNMP Manager .................................................................................18
Chapter 4 Wireless LAN Access Point Firmware Upgrade ................ 30
4.1 AP Utility .................................................................................................... 30
4.2 TFTP Client ................................................................................................ 31
4.2.1
How to Install the TFTP Client..........................................................................31
4.2.2
Using the TFTP Client .......................................................................................31
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting .................................................................... 33
Introduction
Chapter 1 Introduction
This Wireless LAN Access Point provides a flexible way for users to configure their
network by eliminating LAN wiring. With the slick Windows-based configuration
tools, users can easily deploy and control this access point. Advanced user
authentication ensures a high level of security for wireless networking. In additional
to corporate use, this Access Point can also be implemented in the public arena such
as airports, hotels, etc..
1.1
Package Contents
The Wireless Access Point includes the following items:
One Wireless LAN Access Point
One Power Adapter
One USB Cable
One Driver/Utilities/Manual CD
One User’s Manual
1.2
Features
Compiles with the IEEE 802.11b (DSSS) 2.4GHz specification.
High data rate 11, 5.5, 2 and 1Mbps network speed.
Seamlessly integrate the Wireless and Ethernet LAN networks.
Interoperable with IEEE 802.11b compliant wireless equipments.
Support 64(40)/128-bit Wired Equivalent Privacy encryption protocol
Support Wireless Access Point Roaming and Bridging.
Supports building-to-building wireless bridging.
Auto switch to external Antenna in bridge application.
Supports RTS and CTS threshold control for better throughput.
Auto rate fallback in case of obstacles or interference.
Configuration control via USB port or Ethernet port.
Supports SNMP Utility Management.
Easy traffic monitoring (SNMP program).
1
Introduction
Plug-and-play installation.
Desktop and wall mountable design.
1.3
Specifications
Standards: IEEE 802.3 and IEEE 802.3u (Wired), IEEE 802.11b (Wireless)
Data Rate: 11, 5.5, 2, and 1Mbps
Security: 64(40)/128-bit WEP data encryption
Frequency Band: 2.400~2.4835GHz (Industrial Scientific Medical Band)
Operating Channels:
Channels 1-11 (US, Canada)
Channels 1-13 (Europe ETSI)
Channels 1-14 (Japan)
Channels 10-11 (Spain)
Channels 10-13 (France)
Connectors:
One USB port
One 10/100Mbps RJ-45
One SMB connector for external antenna or booster
Antenna: Diversity Antenna inside.
Modulation: [email protected]/5.5Mbps, [email protected] and [email protected]
Radio Technology: Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS)
Operating Range:
Indoor: 35-100m
Outdoor: 100-300m
Configuration Utility:
Windows Configuration Utility supports USB interface configuration
SNMP Utility: Available for wired stations with Windows 98/98SE/Me/
2000/XP
LEDs: Power, LAN Link/Activity, Wireless TX/RX
Power: 5VDC, 1.4A
Power Consumption
Transmit: Less than 800 mA
Receive: Less than 700 mA
Transmission Power: 14 dBm (Normal)@ -30 dB Side lobe
2
Introduction
Receive Sensitivity:
-80 dBm
@FER=8% , 11 Mbps.
-83 dBm
@FER=8% , 5.5 Mbps
-86 dBm
@FER=8%, 1 Mbps
Dimension: 190(H) x 65(W) x 130(D) mm
Temperature:
Operating: 32~122°F ( 0 ~50°C)
Storage :-13~149°F (-25~65°C)
Humidity: 10-95% (Noncondensing)
Certifications:
Canada/U.S.A FCC Part 15C, sections 15.247, 15.205, 15.209, RSS-210
Europe: ETS 300.328, ETS 300.826
CE Mark
1.4
System Requirement
Computer with USB or Ethernet connection
Windows 98, 98SE, Millennium, 2000 Professional or XP.
1.5
Physical Description
Front Panel
On the Access Point’s front panel there are LED lights that inform you of the Access
Point’s current status. Below is an explanation of each LED.
3
Introduction
LED
Color
Power
Green
LAN
Link/Activity
Wireless
TX/RX
Green
Amber
Green
Status
Lit
Off
Description
Power is supplied.
No Power.
Lit
Flash
Off
A valid link is established.
Data packets are received.
No link is established.
Flash
Flash
Off
Antenna is transmitting data.
Antenna is receiving data.
Antenna is not transmitting or receiving data.
Back Panel
Access Point’s connection ports are located on the back panel. Below is the
description of each connection port.
4
Introduction
USB Port
The USB port which connects to an USB-ready PC is used to configure the
Access Point. To work with USB port, the PC must be running Windows 98, Me,
2000 or XP.
DC Adapter Port
Insert the power jack of the power adapter into this port.
10/100Mbps
This port connects to Ethernet network devices, such as a hub, switch, or router.
Reset
If problems occur with the Access Point, press the Access Point’s reset button
with a pencil tip and the Access Point will re-boot itself immediately.
SMB Antenna Connector
The SMB Antenna Connector is where external antenna is connected to the
Access Point. While external antenna is connected, the internal antenna will be
disabled automatically.
5
Wireless LAN Access Point Connection
Chapter 2 Wireless LAN Access Point
Connection
1. Locate an optimum location for the Wireless LAN Access Point.
The best location for your Wireless LAN Access Point is usually at the center of
your wireless network, with line of sight to all of your mobile stations.
2. Connect the Wireless LAN Access Point to your 10/100Mbps network.
Connect one end of standard UTP cable to the Wireless LAN Access Point’s
10/100Mbps RJ-45 connector and connect the other end of the cable to a switch or
a hub. The Wireless LAN Access Point will then be connected to your
10/100Mbps Network.
3. For configuration purposes, connect the Wireless LAN Access Point to your
PC through the USB port.
If the USB port of your PC is working properly, your system should immediately
recognize the Access Point and attempt to install a driver for it. Make sure that the
Setup CD is inserted into your CD-ROM drive and then follow the instructions of
the setup program. Select Specify a location and type in the blank field D:\
Driver\Winxxx (where “D” specifies your CD-ROM) to install the driver
automatically. The driver supports Windows 98/98SE/Me/2000/XP operating
systems.
Note: Windows 2000 driver can also be used as Windows XP driver.
4. Connect the AC Power Adapter to the Wireless LAN Access Point’s Power
Socket.
Only use the power adapter supplied with the Wireless LAN Access Point. Using
a different adapter may damage the product.
The Hardware Installation is complete.
6
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Chapter 3 Wireless LAN Access Point
Configuration
Two software tools are provided to configure the Access Point.
AP Utility
The AP Utility can be used when configuring the Wireless LAN Access Point
through a USB connection and is compatible with Windows 98, Millennium,
2000 and XP.
Access Point SNMP Manager
The Access Point SNMP Manager can be used when configuring the Wireless
LAN Access Point through an Ethernet connection and is compatible with all
Windows Operating Systems. You may also use the SNMP Manager configure
the Access Point wirelessly.
3.1
AP Utility
3.1.1 How to Install the AP Utility
Please run the program “setup.exe” which you will find in the “DFU” subfolder of
the “Utilities” folder in your CD. Follow the instructions of the setup program and
select the directory where the application is installed.
3.1.2 Using the AP Utility
Before using the AP Utility Application, please make sure you have plugged the USB
cable to the Access Point USB port and installed the driver of the Access Point (see
Chapter 2 for the installation) and the AP Utility Application.
On the Start Menu, choose Start->Programs->Atmel Utilities->DFU->DFU to run the
AP Utility Application. Then, select the Configuration button to start configuring.
7
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
You can use the Get, Modify and Set buttons to configure the parameters for the
Wireless LAN Access Point.
“Get”
View the current parameters of the Access Point.
“Modify” Set new values to the pre-selected parameters.
“Set”
Download any changes to the Access Point.
For Example:
1. Press the Get button to view all the current parameters of the Access Point.
2. Click one of the parameters you would like to configure.
3. Press the Modify button and a sub-window for the parameter setting will be
displayed.
4. After changing the values, press the Set button to confirm the setting is completed.
8
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
The parameters for the Wireless LAN Access Point are described below:
Parameters
MAC Address
Description
The MAC Address of the Access Point.
Regulatory Domain
This parameter is used to designate the Access Point’s
regulatory domain. There are seven domains you can set
including FCC, DOC, ETSI, SPAIN, FRANCE, MKK
and MKK1. Note that the Regulatory Domain and the
Wireless Channel parameter have the specific
corresponding relation listed as below.
FCC (USA): 1-11
DOC (Canada): 1-11
ETSI (Europe): 1-13 SPAIN: 10-11
FRANCE: 10-13
MKK: 14
MKK1: 1-14
Ethernet IP Address
The IP address of the Access Point. This IP Address must
be unique to your network. The default IP Address of
Access Point is 10.170.254.32.
Ethernet Subnet Mask
The Ethernet station and the Access Point must be on the
same subnet. The IP address for the Access Point must
correspond to the Subnet Mask. The default Subnet Mask
of Access Point is 255.255.254.0.
Wireless MAC Address
Specifies the BSSID. It must be the same as the Ethernet
MAC Address.
ESSID
The ESSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the
unique name identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the
unintentional merging of two co-located WLANs. Please
make sure that the ESSID of all points in the network are
the same.
ESSID Length
The length of the ESSID (number of characters).
9
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameters
Description
Auto Rate Fall Back
Select Enable or Disable. When this is enabled, the
wireless network provides more flexibility when wireless
devices roam. As wireless devices move away from the
Access Point, the transfer rate will automatically fall
back to the most optimum rate allowed.
Wireless Channel
Select the channel to be used. Channels differ from
country to country. There are 14 channels available.
WEP type
Select the 64(40) or 128 bits Wired Equivalent Privacy
Algorithm.
WEP key
Select one of the keys (1~4) as the WEP encryption key
for transmissions between stations and the Access Point.
Wireless Fragmentation The size of the packets to be fragmented. Enter a value
within a range of 256 to 2346 bytes.
Threshold
Wireless RTS Threshold Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To
Send) transmission. For packets smaller than this
threshold, an RTS is not sent and the packet is
transmitted directly to the WLAN. The value is in a range
of 256 to 2346 bytes.
WEP Keys #1 - #4
The default key that will be used. May be edited when
WEP type is 64(40) bits. Enter 10 digit Hex values (in the
range of “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9”) as the encryption keys.
Preamble Type
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for
communication between the Wireless LAN Access Point
and the roaming Wireless Stations. The Short Preamble
option improves throughput performance.
10
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameters/Buttons
Description
Authentication Type
Defines the Access Point’s authentication type. Only the
Wireless Stations that pass the authentication test can
connect to the Access Point.
Open System: any stations can associate with the
Access Point without authentication.
Shared Key: stations using a shared key (the WEP Key
identified by the Access Point) can associate with the
Access Point.
Both: any stations can associate with the Access Point
with or without authentication.
Access Point Name
Enter the Access Point’s name.
Operational Rate Set
By default the Access Point adaptively selects the highest
possible rate for transmission. In case of obstacles or
interference, the system will adjust the speed
automatically. Select the basic rates to be used: 82 84 8B
96 (1-2-5.5-11 Mbps) or 82 84 0B 16 (1-2 Mbps).
Beacon Period
Set the Beacon Period parameter, which specifies the
duration between beacon packets (milliseconds). The
range for the beacon period is between 20-1000 with a
typical value of 100.
DTIM
Determines the interval the Access Point will send its
broadcast traffic. Default value is 4 beacons.
Receive Antenna
Sets which antenna is used for reception. Select Diversity
Antenna for the Access Point.
Transmit Antenna
Sets which antenna is used for transmission. Select
Diversity Antenna for the Access Point.
11
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameters/Buttons
Description
Operational Mode
Sets this Access Point to following operational mode.
• Access Point
• Access Point Client
• Wireless Bridge
User Community
Indicates the user’s password. The default password is
“public”.
User Access
Indicates the user’s access rights. You can restrict the
user to read only.
Administrator
Community
Indicates the administrator’s password. The default
password is “public”.
Administrator Access
Indicates the Administrator’s access rights.
Manufacturer
Community
Indicates the manufacturer’s password.
Manufacturer Access
Indicates the manufacturer’s access rights.
Gateway IP Address
Network Gateway.
IP Filtering
When this is enabled, only IP protocol packets can pass
through the Access Point.
DHCP Client
When this is enabled, the IP Address of the Access Point
will be assigned by a DHCP Server automatically.
Primary Port
The interface connected to the DHCP Server.
Authorization Algorithm Enable/Disable the authorized MAC Address stations to
connect to the Access Point.
12
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Parameters/Buttons
Description
SNMP Traps
Enabled/Disabled SNMP traps which are messages
indicating that an action related to the Access Point took
place. These messages will be displayed in the main
window of the SNMP Manager tool.
WEP 128 keys #1-#4
The default key that will be used while WEP type is 128
bits. Enter 26 digit Hex values in the range of “A-F”, “af” and “0-9” for encryption keys.
13
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2
Access Point SNMP Manager
3.2.1 How to Install the SNMP Manager
Step 1: Insert the Setup CD and run the program “setup.exe” which you will find
under the Utilities\SNMP folder in your CD. You will see the welcome page
of the installation program. Click Next to continue.
Step 2: Read the terms of the License Agreement, and if you agree, click Yes;
otherwise, click No to cancel installation.
14
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Step 3: The Choose Destination Location screen will show you the default
destination chosen by the program. If you want to install this in another
location, click the Browser button and select an alternate destination. When
you are ready to continue, click the Next button.
15
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Step 4: In this frame you will find where the program will be installed. If you want to
change the program folder, please type the name in the Program Folders field.
Click Next to continue.
16
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Step 5: All the settings of this installation will be shown in the following screen.
Click Back to change the settings; otherwise, click Next to continue.
Step 6: The SNMP Manager has now been installed. Select Yes to restart your PC.
17
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.2 Using the SNMP Manager
Before using the SNMP Manager to configure the Access Point, verify the Ethernet
station and the Access Point are on the same subnet. The following is the default IP
address and Sub Mask of the Access Point:
Default IP Address: 10.170.254.32
Default Sub Mask: 255.255.254.0
In order to change the IP address and Sub Mask of the Access Point, you must use the
AP Utility Application (only through the USB port). Please refer to Section 3.1.2 for
the IP Address and Sub Mask configuration.
On the Start Menu, choose Start->Programs->Atmel Utilities->AP Configuration>AP Configuration to start using the configuration tool.
18
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
3.2.2.1
Connecting to the Access Point
Connect to the Access Point
Pull down the File menu and select the Connect to Access Point submenu. You
can directly connect with the Access Point by typing its IP Address and
appropriate password (The default password is "public"). Additionally you have
to select the User or Administrator Authority in the Authority combo-box. User
Authority allows you to view the Access Point Configuration, while
Administrator Authority allows you to view and change the Access Point
Configuration.
19
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Find Access Point
Pull down the File menu and select the Connect to Access Point submenu. This
submenu allows you to find and connect with an Access Point without knowing
its IP Address. Select the available Access Points and press the Connect button
to connect with it.
3.2.2.2
Configuring the Access Point
Download Changes
When all the desired values of the parameters have been set, pull down the File
menu and select the Download Changes submenu to save all the changes.
20
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Refresh
If you want to get the original setting on the Access Point, pull down the File
menu and select the Refresh submenu.
IP Configuration
Pull down the Setup menu and select the IP Configuration from the Bridge
submenu. You can modify the IP Address and IP Mask through this window
directly. If DHCP is enabled, select the primary port where the DHCP server is
connected.
Filtering Configuration
Pull down the Setup menu and select the Filtering from the Bridge submenu. If
IP Routing is enabled, only the IP protocol packets will pass through the WLAN
and any other protocols will be filtered out.
21
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Privacy Options
Pull down the Setup menu and select the Privacy Options from the Wireless
LAN submenu.
Key 1~Key 4
64(40)-bit WEP: input 10 digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9”
range) as the encryption keys.
128-bit WEP: input 26 digit Hex values (in the “A-F”, “a-f” and “0-9” range)
as the encryption keys.
Default Key
Only the key you select it in the “Default key” will take effect.
WEP
Enable 64(40)-bit or 128-bit WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) to activate the
WEP encryption for transmissions between stations and the Access Point.
Note: WEP is an authentication algorithm which protects authorized Wireless
LAN users against eavesdropping. The Authentication type and WEP key
must be the same on the wireless station and on the access point.
Operational Settings
Pull down the Setup menu and select the Operational Settings from the
Wireless LAN submenu. Using this option you can either view or modify the
parameters of the Access Point.
22
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Access Point Name
Fill in a user-friendly name for the Access Point.
ESSID
This is an up to 32 characters ASCII string used to identify a WLAN that
prevents the unintentional merging of two co-located WLANs. The ESSID
value must be the same in all stations and Access points in the extended
WLAN.
Channel
There are 14 channels available. The channels differ from country to country.
Regulatory Domain
This parameter is used to designate the Access Point’s regulatory domain.
There are seven domains you can set including FCC, DOC, ETSI, SPAIN,
FRANCE, MKK and MKK1. Note that the Regulatory Domain and the
Wireless Channel parameter have the specific corresponding relation listed as
below.
FCC (USA): 1-11
DOC (Canada): 1-11
ETSI (Europe): 1-13
SPAIN: 10-11
FRANCE: 10-13
MKK: 14
MKK1: 1-14
Fragmentation Threshold
The size of the packets will be fragmented. Select a setting within a range of
256 to 2346 bytes.
RTS Threshold
Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To Send). For packets
smaller than this threshold, an RTS is not sent and the packet is transmitted
directly to the WLAN.
Rate
The basic transfer rates should be set depending on the speed of your wireless
networks. Select the basic rates to be used among the following options 12Mbps, 1-2-5.5-11Mbps.
23
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Auto Rate Fall Back
When this is enabled the transmission rate is the optimum rate. In case of
obstacles or interference, the system will automatically fall back.
Authentication Type
Open System:
Any station in the WLAN can associate with an Access Point and
receive and transmitted data without authentication.
Shared Key:
Only stations using a shared key (WEP Key identified by the Access
Point) are allowed to associate with the Access Point.
Both:
Stations can communicate with the Access Point either with or without
data encryption.
Preamble Type
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for communication
between the Wireless Access Point and the roaming Wireless Stations. The
Short Preamble option improves throughput performance.
Rx Antenna
Sets which antenna is used for reception. Select Diversity Antenna for the
Access Point.
Tx Antenna
Set which antenna is used for transmission. Select Diversity Antenna for the
Access Point.
24
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Modify Authorized MAC Address
Pull down the Setup menu and select the Authorized Mac Address from the
Wireless LAN submenu. For security reasons the Access Point is able to
associate with authorized MAC Address stations.
Load File
You can build a text file that consists a list of MAC Address,
Ex. 001122334125
221032554111
and press Load File button to load these MAC Addresses to the table.
Download
Download the Access Point’s Authorized MAC Addresses.
Get
Get the Access Point’s Authorized MAC Addresses.
25
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Authorization Table Enable
If checked, only devices with MAC Addresses in the Authorization Table can
connect to the Access Point.
Enable SNMP Traps
Pull down the Setup menu and select the Enable SNMP Traps submenu to
enable or disable SNMP traps. SNMP Traps are messages indicating the action of
the Access Point displayed in the right bottom corner of the main window.
Trap Reassociation
This trap message is sent when a station’s reassociation request is received
from the Access Point-Bridge.
Trap Association
Indicates the reception of an association request packet and the sender
station's successful association with the Wireless Bridge.
Trap Disassociation
This trap message is sent when a disassociation notification packet is received
from a station.
Trap Reset
This trap message is sent when the Access Point-Bridge resets.
26
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
If you want to view additional information for every Trap Message, you could
pull down the Traps menu and select the View Record submenu.
Authorization (Password Setting)
Pull down the Setup menu and select the Authorization submenu to setup the
Administrator and User’s password.
27
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Reset Device
You can reset the Access Point. This action takes place after a user makes
configuration changes in order to initiate the changes.
Restore Default
You can restore the factory default values of the Access Point.
Associated Station
Pull down the Network menu and select the Associated Station. This screen
shows the MAC Address of the associated stations with the Access Point.
Window
Under Window menu, there are two submenus:
Cascade
All opened windows are arranged on the desktop in a cascaded fashion.
Tile
All open windows are visible on the desktop.
Help
Provides on-line help for the application.
3.2.2.3
Viewing the Wireless Statistics
Polling Interval
Pull down the File menu and select the Options submenu to define the polling
interval the SNMP Manager polls the Access point in order to update the
statistics and the Associated Stations List.
28
Wireless LAN Access Point Configuration
Wireless Statistics
Pull down the Info menu and select the Wireless Statistics submenu to view the
report about the Access Point’s activity.
Ethernet Statistics
Pull down the Info menu and select the Ethernet Statistics submenu to view the
report about the Access Point’s Ethernet Port activity.
29
Wireless LAN Access Point Firmware Upgrade
Chapter 4 Wireless LAN Access Point
Firmware Upgrade
Two software tools are provided to upgrade Access Point’s firmware.
AP Utility
The AP Utility can be used to upgrade Access Point’s firmware through a USB
connection and is compatible with Windows 98, Millennium, 2000 and XP.
TFTP Client
The TFTP Client can be used to upgrade Access Point’s firmware through an
Ethernet connection or its wireless connections.
4.1
AP Utility
Before using the AP Utility Application, please make sure you have plugged the USB
cable to the Access Point USB port and have installed the driver of the Access Point
and the AP Utility Application.
Run the AP Utility Application and select the
button. Select the file path of the
new firmware and then press the Download button to upgrade the firmware.
30
Wireless LAN Access Point Firmware Upgrade
4.2
TFTP Client
4.2.1 How to Install the TFTP Client
Please run the program setup.exe which you will find under DFU\FirmwareUP
folder in your CD. Follow the instructions of the setup program and select the
directory where the application is installed.
4.2.2 Using the TFTP Client
On the Start menu, choose Start->Program->Atmel Utilities->FW Upgrade->FW
Upgrade to start the program. The following screen appears. Type the IP address of
the Access Point in the first edit box of the panel. Then, press the
button to
select the file path of the new firmware and then press the Download Image button
to upgrade the firmware.
31
Wireless LAN Access Point Firmware Upgrade
32
Troubleshooting
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
This chapter provides solutions to problems usually encountered during the
installation and operation of the Wireless LAN Access Point.
1. Can the Wireless Access Point act as my DHCP Server?
No. The Access Point is nothing more than a wireless hub, and, cannot be
configured to handle any DHCP server capabilities.
2. Can the Wireless Access Point connect to PC directly?
Yes. The Wireless Access Point can be connected to a PC through the use of a
crossover UTP cable. Connect one end of the cable to the Ethernet Port of the
Wireless Access Point and the other end to the PC’s NIC card. Make sure the
Access Point and your PC are in the same subnet. You can use the SNMP
Manager to configure the Wireless Access Point directly without building a real
WLAN network.
3. What is Ad-hoc?
An Ad-hoc wireless LAN is a group of computers, each with a WLAN adapter,
connected as an independent wireless LAN.
4. What is Infrastructure?
An integrated wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure configuration.
5. What is BSS ID?
A group of wireless stations and an Access Point compose a Basic Service Set
(BSS). Computers in a BSS must be configured with the same BSSID.
6. What is ESSID?
An Infrastructure configuration could also support roaming capability for mobile
workers. More than one BSS can be configured as an Extended Service Set (ESS).
Users within an ESS could roam freely between BSSs while maintaining a
continuous connection to the wireless network stations and the Wireless LAN
Access Points.
33
Troubleshooting
7. Can data be intercepted while transmitting through the air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent scrambling
security feature. On the software side, the WLAN series offers the encryption
function (WEP) to enhance security and access control.
8. What is WEP?
WEP stands for Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a
64(40)-bit shared key algorithm.
9. What is a MAC Address?
The Media Access Control (MAC) address is a unique number assigned by the
manufacturer to any Ethernet networking device, such as a network adapter, that
allows the network to identify it at the hardware level. For all practical purposes,
this number is usually permanent. Unlike IP addresses, which can change every
time a computer logs on to the network, the MAC address of a device stays the
same, making it a valuable identifier for the network.
34
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement