Developer Guide for BlackBerry

Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Sybase Unwired Platform 2.0
DOCUMENT ID: DC01215-01-0200-04
LAST REVISED: January 2013
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Contents
Introduction to Developer Guide for BlackBerry ................1
Documentation Roadmap for Unwired Platform .............2
Introduction to Developing Device Applications with
Sybase Unwired Platform ...........................................5
Development Task Flow ........................................................7
Task Flow for BlackBerry JDE Development ...................7
Configuring Your BlackBerry Development
Environment ...............................................................8
Installing the BlackBerry Development
Environment ......................................................8
Client API JAR File Locations ................................9
Using Object API to Develop a Device Application .......10
Replication-based Synchronization .....................10
Generating Java Object API Code .......................10
Generated Code Location and Contents .............14
Validating Generated Code ..................................14
Creating Projects and Importing Files into the
BlackBerry Development Environment ....................15
Mobile Business Object Required Files ...............15
Differences Between the BlackBerry Java Plugin and BlackBerry JDE ....................................15
Creating a Project in the BlackBerry JDE ............16
Creating a Project in the BlackBerry Java Plug-in
for Eclipse ........................................................16
Adding Required .jar and .cod Files .....................16
Developing, Debugging, and Customizing BlackBerry
Applications .............................................................17
Configuring an Application to Synchronize and
Retrieve MBO Data .........................................17
Adding a Device Application Entry Point ..............20
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
iii
Contents
Configuring Unwired Server to Use HTTPS for
RBS .................................................................20
Developing the BlackBerry Device Application ....21
Debugging BlackBerry Device Development .......22
Localizing a BlackBerry Application .....................24
Deploying Applications to Devices ................................27
Device Registration ..............................................27
Signing .................................................................27
Provisioning Options for BlackBerry Devices .......27
BES and BIS Provisioning for BlackBerry ............28
BlackBerry Desktop Manager Provisioning .........28
Reference .............................................................................31
BlackBerry Client Object API ........................................31
Client Object API Javadocs .................................31
Connection APIs ..................................................31
Synchronization APIs ...........................................34
Query APIs ..........................................................35
Operations APIs ...................................................40
Mobile and Local Business Objects .....................44
Personalization APIs ............................................45
Object State APIs ................................................46
Common APIs ......................................................50
Security APIs .......................................................50
Installing X.509 Certificates on BlackBerry
Simulators and Devices ...................................51
Single Sign-On With X.509 Certificate Related
Object API .......................................................52
Utility APIs ...........................................................53
Exceptions ...........................................................59
MetaData and Object Manager API .....................61
Replication-Based Push Synchronization
Applications .....................................................63
Best Practices for Developing Applications ...................70
Check Network Connection Before Login ............70
Constructing Synchronization Parameters ..........71
iv
Sybase Unwired Platform
Contents
Index
Clear Synchronization Parameters ......................71
Clear the Local Database ....................................72
Process Synchonized Data ..................................72
Create a Custom Callback Handler .....................73
Turn Off API Logger .............................................74
..................................................................................75
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
v
Contents
vi
Sybase Unwired Platform
Introduction to Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Introduction to Developer Guide for
BlackBerry
This developer guide provides information about using advanced Sybase® Unwired Platform
features to create applications for RIM BlackBerry devices. The audience is advanced
developers who are familiar working with APIs, but who may be new to Sybase Unwired
Platform.
This guide describes requirements for developing a device application for the platform, how to
generate application code, and how to customize the generated code using the client object
API. Also included are task flows for the development options, procedures for setting up the
development environment, and client object API documentation.
Companion guides include:
•
•
•
•
Sybase Unwired WorkSpace – Mobile Business Object Development
Tutorial: BlackBerry Application Development, where you create the SUP101 sample
project referenced in this guide.
Complete the tutorials to gain a better understanding of Unwired Platform components
and the development process.
Troubleshooting for Sybase Unwired Platform
Javadocs, which provide a complete reference to the APIs, are available from:
• Client Object API – the Unwired Platform installation directory
<UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI\apidoc. There is a
subdirectory for rim.
See Fundamentals for high-level mobile computing concepts, and a description of how Sybase
Unwired Platform implements the concepts in your enterprise.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
1
Introduction to Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Documentation Roadmap for Unwired Platform
Learn more about Sybase® Unwired Platform documentation.
Table 1. Sybase Unwired Platform Documentation
Document
Description
Sybase Unwired Platform Installation Guide
Describes how to install or upgrade Sybase Unwired Platform. Check the Sybase Unwired Platform Release Bulletin for additional information
and corrections.
Audience: IT installation team, training team,
system administrators involved in planning, and
any user installing the system.
Use: during the planning and installation phase.
Sybase Unwired Platform Release Bulletin
Provides information about known issues, and
updates. The document is updated periodically.
Audience: IT installation team, training team,
system administrators involved in planning, and
any user who needs up-to-date information.
Use: during the planning and installation phase,
and throughout the product life cycle.
New Features
Describes new or updated features.
Audience: all users.
Use: any time to learn what is available.
Fundamentals
Describes basic mobility concepts and how Sybase Unwired Platform enables you design mobility solutions.
Audience: all users.
Use: during the planning and installation phase,
or any time for reference.
2
Sybase Unwired Platform
Introduction to Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Document
Description
System Administration
Describes how to plan, configure, manage, and
monitor Sybase Unwired Platform. Use with the
Sybase Control Center for Sybase Unwired Platform online documentation.
Audience: installation team, test team, system
administrators responsible for managing and
monitoring Sybase Unwired Platform, and for
provisioning device clients.
Use: during the installation phase, implementation phase, and for ongoing operation, maintenance, and administration of Sybase Unwired
Platform.
Sybase Control Center for Sybase Unwired Plat- Describes how to use the Sybase Control Center
form
administration console to configure, manage and
monitor Sybase Unwired Platform. The online
documentation is available when you launch the
console (Start > Programs > Sybase > Sybase
Control Center, and select the question mark
symbol in the top right quadrant of the screen).
Audience: system administrators responsible for
managing and monitoring Sybase Unwired Platform, and system administrators responsible for
provisioning device clients.
Use: for ongoing operation, administration, and
maintenance of the system.
Troubleshooting
Provides information for troubleshooting, solving, or reporting problems.
Audience: IT staff responsible for keeping Sybase Unwired Platform running, developers, and
system administrators.
Use: during installation and implementation, development and deployment, and ongoing maintenance.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
3
Introduction to Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Document
Description
Tutorials
Tutorials for trying out basic development functionality.
Audience: new developers, or any interested user.
Use: after installation.
•
Learn mobile business object (MBO) basics,
and create a mobile device application:
• Tutorial: Mobile Business Object Devel-
•
Create native mobile device applications:
• Tutorial: BlackBerry Application Devel-
opment
opment
•
• Tutorial: iOS Application Development
Create a mobile workflow package:
• Tutorial: Mobile Workflow Package De-
velopment
Sybase Unwired WorkSpace – Mobile Business
Object Development
Online help for developing MBOs.
Audience: new and experienced developers.
Use: after system installation.
Sybase Unwired WorkSpace – Mobile Workflow Online help for developing mobile workflow apPackage Development
plications.
Audience: new and experienced developers.
Use: after system installation.
Developer guides for device application custom- Information for client-side custom coding using
ization
the Client Object API.
Audience: experienced developers.
Use: to custom code client-side applications.
•
•
•
•
4
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Developer Guide for iOS
Developer Guide for Mobile Workflow Packages
Developer Guide for Windows and Windows
Mobile
Sybase Unwired Platform
Introduction to Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Document
Description
Developer guide for Unwired Server side cusInformation for custom coding using the Server
tomization – Developer Guide for Unwired Serv- API.
er
Audience: experienced developers.
Use: to customize and automate server-side implementations for device applications, and administration, such as data handling.
Dependencies: Use with Fundamentals and Syb-
ase Unwired WorkSpace – Mobile Business Object Development.
Developer guide for system administration cus- Information for custom coding using administratomization – Developer Guide for Unwired Serv- tion APIs.
er Management API
Audience: experienced developers.
Use: to customize and automate administration at
a coding level.
Dependencies: Use with Fundamentals and System Administration.
Introduction to Developing Device Applications with
Sybase Unwired Platform
A device application includes both business logic (the data itself and associated metadata that
defines data flow and availability), and device-resident presentation and logic.
Within Sybase Unwired Platform, development tools enable both aspects of mobile
application development:
•
•
The data aspects of the mobile application are called mobile business objects (MBO), and
“MBO development” refers to defining object data models with back-end enterprise
information system (EIS) connections, attributes, operations, and relationships that allow
segmented data sets to be synchronized to the device. Applications can reference one or
more MBOs and can include synchronization keys, load parameters, personalization, and
error handling.
Once you have developed MBOs and deployed them to Unwired Server, develop deviceresident presentation and logic for your device application by generating code to use as a
base in a native IDE. Follow an API approach that uses your native IDE's Client Object
API. Unwired WorkSpace provides MBO code generation options targeted for specific
development environments, for example, BlackBerry JDE for BlackBerry device
applications, or Visual Studio for Windows Mobile device applications.
The Client Object API uses the data persistence library to access and store object data in
the database on the device. Code generation takes place in Unwired WorkSpace. You can
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
5
Introduction to Developer Guide for BlackBerry
generate code manually, or by using scripts. The code generation engine applies the
correct templates based on options and the MBO model, and outputs client objects.
Note: See Sybase Unwired WorkSpace – Mobile Business Object Development for
procedures and information about creating and deploying MBOs.
6
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
Development Task Flow
This section describes the overall development task flow, and provides information and
procedures for setting up the development environment, and developing device applications.
This diagram illustrates how you can develop a device application directly from mobile
business objects (MBOs), using the Object API and custom device application coding, as
shown on the left. This is how you create device applications with sophisticated UI interaction,
validation, business logic, and performance.
Task Flow for BlackBerry JDE Development
This describes a typical task flow for creating a device application using the BlackBerry JDE
or the BlackBerry Java plug-in for Eclipse (eJDE).
Highlevel steps:
1. Configuring the BlackBerry development environment:
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
7
Development Task Flow
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
a. Installing the BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse or Downloading the BlackBerry
JDE and MDS Simulator.
b. Client API JAR File Locations.
Generating Object API code for Mobile Business Objects.
Creating a BlackBerry Device Application Project .
Adding Required .jar and .cod Files .
Developing, Debugging, and Customizing BlackBerry Applications .
Deploying Applications to Devices .
Configuring Your BlackBerry Development Environment
This section describes how to set up your BlackBerry development environment, and provides
the location of required JAR files and client object APIs.
Installing the BlackBerry Development Environment
Download and install either the BlackBerry JDE or the BlackBerry Java plug-in for Eclipse
(eJDE).
You can develop device applications with either the BlackBerry JDE or the BlackBerry Java
plug-in for Eclipse,
For information on transitioning from the BlackBerry JDE to the eJDE, view the video at the
Research In Motion Developer Video Library Web site: http://supportforums.blackberry.com/
t5/Java-Development/tkb-p/java_dev%40tkb?labels=video
Installing the BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse
The BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse is an IDE for developing BlackBerry applications
that leverage the Object API code generated from MBOs.
Prerequisites
You must have a BlackBerry developer account to download the BlackBerry Java Plug-in for
Eclipse. You may be required to register if you do not already have an account.
Task
1. Shut down Unwired WorkSpace.
2. Go to http://us.blackberry.com/developers/javaappdev/ and download the BlackBerry
Java Plug-in for Eclipse (full installer) to a temporary folder.
3. Double-click the setup application file.
4. On the Introduction page, click Next.
5. Accept or decline the terms of the license agreement and click Next.
8
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
6. Create and select a new, empty folder for the installation directory and click Next.
7. Review the information on the Pre-installation Summary screen and click Install.
8. Click Done.
The installation is complete.
9. (Optional). Copy the plugin and features folders from the installation to
<UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\Unwired_WorkSpace\Eclipse
\sybase_workspace\mobile\eclipse.
This step ensures that Sybase Unwired WorkSpace contains the BlackBerry Java Plug-in
for Eclipse, and that users can directly use it from Sybase Unwired WorkSpace instead of
opening another instance of Eclipse to work with the BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse.
Downloading the BlackBerry JDE and MDS Simulator
To generate and distribute BlackBerry device applications, download the MDS simulator and
the BlackBerry JDE and its prerequisites from the BlackBerry Web site.
Prerequisites
You must have a BlackBerry developer account to download the BlackBerry JDE. You may be
required to register if you do not already have an account. Before you download the JDE,
ensure the 32-bit JDK has already been installed, even for 64-bit operating systems;
otherwise, MDS will not start.
Task
1. Go to the BlackBerry Web site at http://us.blackberry.com/developers/javaappdev/
javadevenv.jsp to download and install the BlackBerry JDE.
2. Go to http://us.blackberry.com/developers/browserdev/devtoolsdownloads.jsp to
download and install the MDS simulator.
Client API JAR File Locations
The client API library JAR files and dependencies are installed in the Sybase Unwired
Platform installation directory. JAR files are used for compilation and COD files for runtime.
Make sure COD files are deployed to the simulator/device along with the device application.
The contents and location of the client API are:
•
•
•
Client database (UltraLite®J) libraries – <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>
\ClientAPI\RBS\BB\UltraliteJ.jar.
Object API libraries - <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI\RBS
\BB\sup_client_rim.jar.
Single sign-on libraries - <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI\RBS
\BB\CommonClient.jar.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
9
Development Task Flow
Using Object API to Develop a Device Application
Generate object API code on which to build your application.
Unwired Platform provides the Code Generation wizard for generating object API code. Code
generation creates the business logic, attributes, and operations for your Mobile Business
Object. You can generate code for these platforms:
•
RIM BlackBerry
See the guidelines for generating code for each platform type.
Replication-based Synchronization
Generate code for a replication-based synchronization application:
You can deploy a package of replication-based mobile business objects.
Replication-based synchronization
•
•
•
•
Supported on BlackBerry and Windows Mobile devices.
Data flow follows an upload/download pattern.
Data is synchronous (supports background synchronization).
Uses the "poke-pull" model of push, where a notification is pushed to the device (poke),
and the device fetches the content (pull).
Generating Java Object API Code
Generate object API code containing mobile business object (MBO) references, which allows
you to use APIs to develop device applications for BlackBerry devices.
Prerequisites
Before generating device client code, develop the MBOs that will be referenced in the device
applications you are developing. A mobile application project must contain at least one nononline MBO. You must have an active connection to the data sources to which the MBOs are
bound.
Task
1. Launch the Code Generation wizard.
From
Action
Right-click within the Mobile Application Diagram and
The Mobile
Application Diagram select Generate Code.
10
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
From
Action
WorkSpace
Navigator
Right-click the Mobile Application project folder that
contains the mobile objects for which you are generating API
code, and select Generate Code.
2. (Optional) Enter the information for these options:
Note: This page of the code generation wizard is seen only if you are using the Advanced
developer profile.
Option
Description
Select code generation configuration
Select either an existing configuration that contains code generation settings, or generate device client code without using a configuration:
• Continue without a configuration – select this option to generate device
code without using a configuration.
• Select an existing configuration – select this option to either select an
existing configuration from which you generate device client code, or
create a new configuration. Selecting this option enables:
• Select code generation configuration – lists any existing configurations, from which you can select and use for this session. You can
also delete any and all existing saved configurations.
• Create new configuration – enter the Name of the new configuration and click Create to save the configuration for future sessions.
Select an existing configuration as a starting point for this session
and click Clone to modify the configuration.
3. Click Next.
4. In Select Mobile Objects, select all the MBOs in the mobile application project or select
MBOs under a specific synchronization group, whose references, metadata, and
dependencies (referenced MBOs) are included in the generated device code.
Dependent MBOs are automatically added (or removed) from the Dependencies section
depending on your selections.
Note: Code generation fails if the server-side (run-time) enterprise information system
(EIS) data sources referenced by the MBOs in the project are not running and available to
connect to when you generate object API code.
5. Click Next.
6. Enter the information for these configuration options:
Option
Description
Language
Select Java.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
11
Development Task Flow
Option
Description
Platform
Select the platform ( target device) from the
drop-down list for which the device client code
is intended.
• Java ME for BlackBerry
Note: When generating code into a plain Java
project with language 'Java' and platform 'Java
Me for BlackBerry', compilation errors are
generated because of code references to RIM
API's. To avoid errors, generate code into a
BlackBerry project.
Unwired Server
Specify a default Unwired Server connection
profile to which the generated code connects at
runtime.
Server domain
Choose the domain to which the generated code
will connect. If you specified an Unwired Server to which you previously connected successfully, the first domain in the list is chosen by
default. You can enter a different domain manually.
Note: This field is only enabled when an Unwired Server is selected.
12
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
Option
Description
Page size
Optionally, select the page size for the generated client code. If the page size is not set, the
default page size is 4KB at runtime. The default
is a proposed page size based on the selected
MBO's attributes.
The page size should be larger than the sum of
all attribute lengths (a binary length greater
than 32767 is converted to a Binary Large Object (BLOB), and is not included in the sum; a
string greater than 8191 is converted to a Character Large Object (CLOB), and is also not included) for any MBO that is included with all
the selected MBOs. If an MBO attribute's
length sum is greater than the page size, some
attributes are automatically converted to BLOB
or CLOB, and therefore, these attributes cannot
be put into a where clause.
Note: This field is only enabled when an Unwired Server is selected.
Package
Enter a unique name for the Java package.
Note: Do not use "java" in package names. The
Java package name along with the class name
makes the fully qualified class name that must
be unique into one RIM JVM. If there is a class
with the same fully qualified name, the application may fail on real device.
Destination
Specify the destination of the generated device
client files. Enter (or Browse) to a Project path
or File system path (Mobile Application
project) location, and select Generated
Code as the destination. JAR files are automatically added to the destination project.
Select Clean up destination before code generation to clean up the destination folder before
generating the device client files.
Replication-based
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
Select to use replication-based synchronization
for the application.
13
Development Task Flow
Option
Description
Message-based
This option is not supported for Java applications.
7. Select Generate metadata classes to generate metadata for the attributes and operations
of each generated client object.
8. Select Generate metadata and object manager classes to generate both the metadata for
the attributes and operations of each generated client object and an object manager for the
generated metadata.
The object manager allows you to invoke MBOs using metadata instead of the object
instances.
9. (Optional) Select Generate JavaDoc to generate API documentation from the source
code.
10. Click Finish.
Generated Code Location and Contents
Generated object API code is stored in the project's Generated Code sub-folder by default, for
example, C:\Documents and Settings\administrator\workspace
\<Unwired Platform project name>\Generated Code\src. Language,
platform, and whether or not you select the Generate metadata classes option determines the
class files generated in this folder.
Assuming you generate code in the default location, you can access it from WorkSpace
Navigator by expanding the Mobile Application project folder for which the code is
generated, and expand the Generated Code folder.
The contents of the folder is determined by the options you selected from the Generate Code
wizard, and include generated class (.java) files that contain:
•
•
•
•
MBO - the business logic of your MBO.
Synchronization parameters - any synchronization parameters for the MBOs.
Personalization - personalization and personalization synchronization parameters used by
the MBOs.
Metadata - if you selected Generate metadata classes, the metadata classes which allow
you to use code completion and compile-time checking to ensure that run-time references
to the metadata are correct.
Validating Generated Code
Validation rules are enforced when generating client code for C# and Java. Define prefix
names in the Mobile Business Object Preferences page to correct validation errors.
Sybase Unwired WorkSpace validates and enforces identifier rules and checks for key word
conflicts in generated Java and C# code. For example, by displaying error messages in the
Properties view or in the wizard. Other than the known name conversion rules (converting '.' to
14
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
'_', removing white space from names, and so on), there is no other language specific name
conversion. For example, cust_id is not changed to custId.
You can specify the prefix string for mobile business object, attribute, parameter, or operation
names from the Mobile Business Object Preferences page. This allows you to decide what
prefix to use to correct any errors generated from the name validation.
1. Select Window > Preferences.
2. Expand Sybase, Inc > Mobile Development.
3. Select Mobile Business Object.
4. Add or modify the Naming Prefix settings as needed.
The defined prefixes are added to the names (object, attribute, operation, and parameter)
whenever these are auto-generated. For example, when you drag-and-drop a data source onto
the Mobile Application Diagram.
Creating Projects and Importing Files into the BlackBerry
Development Environment
Set up the BlackBerry project, add required libraries, and import mobile business object
(MBO) generated files. Use these procedures if you are developing a device application using
the BlackBerry JDE or the BlackBerry Java plug-in for Eclipse.
Mobile Business Object Required Files
Develop a device application directly from mobile business object (MBO) generated code.
The main characteristics are:
•
Mobile business objects – contain only MBO business logic. You must:
• Include libraries and JAR files in the BlackBerry project that support the BlackBerry
Client Object API.
• Add the Java files from the MBO Generated Code folder to the BlackBerry project.
Differences Between the BlackBerry Java Plug-in and BlackBerry JDE
To develop a device application using the BlackBerry Java plug-in for Eclipse, use the same
procedure as developing with the BlackBerry JDE, but note the differences.
•
Libraries cannot be located inside BlackBerry projects developed using the BlackBerry
Java plug-in for Eclipse, due to a RIM limitation. The libraries must be outside the projects
and referred to with an absolute path.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
15
Development Task Flow
Creating a Project in the BlackBerry JDE
Create the BlackBerry project and add the generated mobile business object (MBO) Java files
to the BlackBerry JDE.
1. Launch the BlackBerry JDE and create a new workspace.
2. Create a BlackBerry project and name it supClients.
3. Right-click the project and select Properties.
4. In the properties dialog, select the Application tab, specify Application for Project
type and select Always make project active in the General tab of the properties for the
project.
5. Select the Build tab, and click Add next to “Imported jar files.” Add files as described in
Developer Guide for BlackBerry > Development Tasks Flows > Creating Projects and
Importing Files into the BlackBerry Development Environment > Adding Required .jar
and .cod Files.
6. Click OK.
7. Copy the MBO generated Java code from the generated location to the project location.
• MBO generated code – references the Client object API and contains the Java files that
implements the business logic of your project. Navigate to the src subdirectory where
you generated the Java code from your Unwired WorkSpace mobile application. This
location is dependent on the workspace that you used.
For example, if your workspace is in the C:\myBBapplications directory and the
name of the mobile application project is test, navigate to C:
\myBBapplications\test\Generated Code\src\test and copy all of
the .java files to your project.
Creating a Project in the BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse
Create a new BlackBerry project in the BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse..
1. Start the BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse.
2. From the toolbar, select New > BlackBerry Project.
3. In the New BlackBerry Project wizard, use these values and click Next.
• Name – enter SUPClient
• Use a project specific JRE – select BlackBerry JRE 6.0.0
Adding Required .jar and .cod Files
Add the following Unwired Platform .jar and .cod file references to the BlackBerry project's
Java build path.
16
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
•
•
•
sup_client_rim.jar – from <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>
\ClientAPI\RBS\BB for the Blackberry client.
UltraLiteJ.jar from <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI
\RBS\BB for the BlackBerry client.
CommonClient.jar from <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI
\RBS\BB for the BlackBerry client.
Copy required .cod files to the BlackBerry simulator directory:
•
•
•
UltraLiteJ.cod from <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI
\RBS\BB for the BlackBerry client.
sup_client_rim.cod and CommonClient.cod from
<UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI\RBS\BB for the BlackBerry
client.
CommonClient.cod and CommonClient.cod from
<UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI\RBS\BB for the BlackBerry
client.
Developing, Debugging, and Customizing BlackBerry
Applications
Use the BlackBerry Client Object API, as well as native Research in Motion (RIM) APIs to
create or customize your device applications.
To learn more about the BlackBerry JDE, BlackBerry Java plug-in for Eclipse, or RIM
BlackBerry APIs, go to the BlackBerry Java application development Web site at http://
na.blackberry.com/eng/developers/javaappdev/.
Note: Do not modify generated MBO code directly. Create a layer on top of the MBOs using
patterns native to the mobile operating system development to extend and add functionality.
Configuring an Application to Synchronize and Retrieve MBO Data
This example illustrates the basic code requirements for connecting to Unwired Server,
updating mobile business object (MBO) data, and synchronizing the device application from a
Client Object API based device application.
1. Configure a synchronization profile to point to your host and port.
TestDB.getSynchronizationProfile().setServerName( "localhost" );
TestDB.getSynchronizationProfile().setPortNumber(2480);
2. Log in to Unwired Server using a user name and password. This step is required for
application initialization.
TestDB.loginToSync("supAdmin", "s3pAdmin");
3. Subscribe to Unwired Server. Unwired Server creates a subscription for this particular
application.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
17
Development Task Flow
TestDB.subscribe();
4. Synchronize with Unwired Server. Synchronization uploads all the local changes and
downloads new data with related subscriptions.
ObjectList sgs = new ObjectList();
sgs.add(TestDB.getSynchronizationGroup("default"));
TestDB.beginSynchronize(sgs, "mycontext");
5. List all customer MBO instances from the local database using an object query. FindAll
is a pre-defined object query.
ObjectList customers = Customer.findAll();
for(int i = 0; i < customers.size(); i++)
{
Customer customer = (Customer)(customers.elementAt(i));
System.out.println("customer: " + customer.getFname() + " " +
customer.getLname()
+ " " + customer.getId() + customer.getCity());
}
6. Find and update a particular MBO instance, and save to the local database.
Customer cust = Customer.findByPrimaryKey(100);
cust.setAddress(“1 Sybase Dr.”);
cust.setPhone(“9252360000”);
cust.save();//or cust.update();
7. Submit the pending changes. The changes are ready for upload, but have not yet been
uploaded to the Unwired Server.
Customer.submitPendingOperations();
8. Upload the pending changes to the Unwired Server and get the replay results and all the
changed MBO instances.
<PkgName>DB.beginSynchronize(sgs, "mycontext");
9. Unsubscribe the device application if the application is no longer used.
TestDB.unsubscribe();
Device Application Example Code
Example code for an object API-based client application.
package test;
import com.sybase.persistence.*;
import com.sybase.collections.*;
class MyCallbackHandler extends DefaultCallbackHandler
{
public int onSynchronize(ObjectList groups,
com.sybase.persistence.SynchronizationContext context)
{
System.out.println("OnSynchronize is called with user context: "
+ context.getUserContext());
return SynchronizationAction.CONTINUE;
}
}
18
Sybase Unwired Platform
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public class JavaMain extends net.rim.device.api.ui.UiApplication{
public JavaMain() {
}
public static void main(String [] args) throws Exception
{
//Configure synchronization profile to point to your host and
port
TestDB.getSynchronizationProfile().setServerName( "localhost" );
TestDB.getSynchronizationProfile().setPortNumber(2480);
//If the application requires a callback (for example, to allow
the client framework to provide
//notification of synchronization results),register the callback
//function after setting up the connection profile, by executing
MyCallbackHandler callback = new MyCallbackHandler();
TestDB.registerCallbackHandler(callback);
//Login to Unwired Server. This step is required for application
initialization.
TestDB.loginToSync("supAdmin", "s3pAdmin");
//Subscribe to Unwired Server. Unwired Server creates a
subscription for this particular application.
TestDB.subscribe();
//Synchronize with Unwired Server. Synchronization uploads all
the local changes and downloads new data with related subscriptions.
ObjectList sgs = new ObjectList();
sgs.add(TestDB.getSynchronizationGroup("default"));
TestDB.beginSynchronize(sgs, "mycontext");
//Wait for synchronization to complete. May not be required for a
typical UI application.
Thread.sleep(1000*10);
//List all customer MBO instances from the local database using a
named query. FindAll is a pre-defined object query.
//Alternatively you can use Dynamic Query to MBO instances too.
ObjectList customers = Customer.findAll();
for(int i = 0; i < customers.size(); i++)
{
Customer customer = (Customer)(customers.elementAt(i));
System.out.println("customer: " + customer.getFname() + " " +
customer.getLname()
+ " " + customer.getId() + customer.getCity());
}
//Find a particular MBO instance.
Customer cust = Customer.findByPrimaryKey(441);
cust.setAddress( "1 Sybase Dr.");
cust.setPhone( "9252360000");
//Update the customer MBO instance. Save to the local database.
cust.save();
//Submit the pending changes. The changes are ready for upload,
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19
Development Task Flow
but have not yet been uploaded to the Unwired Server.
cust.submitPending();
//Upload the pending changes to the Unwired Server and get the
replay results and all the changed MBO instances.
TestDB.beginSynchronize(sgs, "mycontext");
//Unsubscribe the device application if the application is no
longer used.
TestDB.unsubscribe();
}
}
Adding a Device Application Entry Point
Add a main file to the BlackBerry device application.
1. From the BlackBerry Application project that contains your generated MBO code, for
example supClient, add a new file by right-clicking the project and selecting Create
new file in project.
2. Name the file, for example, BBMain. Click OK.
This file is the main entry point to the device application.
3. Import the common BlackBerry device application development packages as well as the
package that contains your MBOs (for example, com.custom.MBO.*).
You can now create the code to connect to Unwired Server, access and synchronize your
MBOs, and perform other functions.
Configuring Unwired Server to Use HTTPS for RBS
Enable SSL encryption by configuring the replication-based synchronization HTTPS port.
1. In the left navigation pane of Sybase Control Center for Unwired Platform, expand the
Servers node and click the server name.
2. Click Server Configuration.
3. In the right administration pane, on the Replication tab, click Synchronization
Listener.
4. Select Secure synchronization port as the protocol used for synchronization
and configure the certificate properties, then in the optional properties section, specify the
myserver_identity.crt certificate file using the fully qualified path to the file,
along with the password you entered during certificate creation.
Note: In a clustered environment, this fully qualified path must work for all nodes in the
cluster. You can do this via a a shared disk, or distribute this file manually to all nodes.
See Configuring Replication-Based Synchronization Properties. in the Sybase Control
Center online help.
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Sybase Unwired Platform
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Developing the BlackBerry Device Application
This section provides procedures and compares the differences between creating a
BlackBerry application from mobile business object generated code in the BlackBerry JDE
versus the Blackberry Eclipse plug-in (eJDE).
Prerequisites
The following procedures requires you to create, deploy, and generate code from the mobile
business objects (MBOs) used in Tutorial: BlackBerry Application Development, which
creates the business logic and generates the Java files required for the application. Sybase
recommends that you complete the tutorial.
For either development approach:
1. Since KeywordFilterField is employed in this sample, which is available since JDE 4.5.0,
make sure this sample is used in the proper BlackBerry operating system.
2. The generated code SUP101.Customer is modified to override the toString() method
so that the KeywordFilterField displays the data properly.
Task
Developing a BlackBerry Device Application using the BlackBerry Eclipse
Plug-in
Follow these procedures to run the SUP101 project in the BlackBerry® Java® Plug-in for
Eclipse®.
1. Modify the build path to point to the correct location for the sup_client_rim.jar,
CommonClient.jar, and UltraLiteJ.jar files.
The files cannot be located in the current project due to a RIM BlackBerry Plug-in
restriction.
2. Copy sup_client_rim.cod, CommonClient.cod, and UltraLiteJ.cod
files to the simulator directory.
3. Deploy the SUP101 project to the Unwired Server to which the sample refers.
4. Modify SUP101DB.java to include your Unwired Server information(lines 47-51). For
example:
getSynchronizationProfile().setServerName("<UnwiredServerHost>");
getSynchronizationProfile().setPortNumber(2480);
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkProtocol("http");
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkStreamParams
("trusted_certificates=;url_suffix=");
getSynchronizationProfile().setDomainName("default");
5. Run the project.
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21
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Developing a BlackBerry Device Application using the BlackBerry JDE
Follow these procedures to run the SUP101 project in the BlackBerry JDE.
1. Open the BlackBerry JDE and create a new workspace.
2. Create a new project in the new workspace.
3. Change the Project Type to be CLDC Application or BlackBerry Application (depending
on the JDE you are using).
4. Add an image file to Icon files.
5. Add sup_client_rim.jar, CommonClient.jar, and UltraLiteJ.jar files
to the Build import jar files.
6. Copy sup_client_rim.cod, CommonClient.cod, and UltraLiteJ.cod
files to the simulator directory.
7. Deploy the SUP101 project to the Unwired Server to which the sample refers.
8. Modify SUP101DB.java to include your Unwired Server information (lines 47-51).
For example:
getSynchronizationProfile().setServerName("<UnwiredServerHost>");
getSynchronizationProfile().setPortNumber(2480);
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkProtocol("http");
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkStreamParams
("trusted_certificates=;url_suffix=");
getSynchronizationProfile().setDomainName("default");
9. Run the project.
Debugging BlackBerry Device Development
Device client and Unwired Server troubleshooting tools for diagnosing RIM® BlackBerry®
development problems.
Client-side debugging
Problems on the device client side that may cause client application problems:
•
•
•
Unwired Server connection failed.
Data does not appear on the client device.
Physical device problems, such as low battery or low memory.
To find out more information on the device client side:
•
•
22
If you have implemented debugging in your generated or custom code (which Sybase
recommends), turn on debugging, and review the debugging information. See Developer
Guide for BlackBerry about using the MBOLogger class to add log levels to messages
reported to the console.
Check the log record on the device. Use the <PkgName>DB.getLogRecords
(com.sybase.persistence.Query) or Entity.getLogRecords() methods. Use this method
for logs corresponding to MBO classes.
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
This is the log format:
level,code,eisCode,message,component,entityKey,operation,requestI
d,timestamp
This is a log sample:
5,500,'','java.lang.SecurityException:Authorization failed:
Domain = default Package = end2end.rdb:1.0 mboName =
simpleCustomer action =
delete','simpleCustomer','100001','delete','100014','2010-05-11
14:45:59.710'
level – the log level currently set. Values include: 1 = TRACE, 2 = DEBUG, 3 =
INFO, 4 = WARN, 5 = ERROR, 6 = FATAL, 7 = OFF.
• code – replication-based synchronization, Unwired Server administration codes:
• 200 – success.
• 500 – failure.
• eisCode – not currently used.
• message – the message content.
• component – Mobile Business Object (MBO) name.
• entityKey – MBO surrogate key, used to identify and track MBO instances and
data.
• operation – operation name.
• requestId – operation replay request ID or messaging-based synchronization
message request ID.
• timestamp – message logged time, or operation execution time.
Check the Storm event log:
1. On the Home screen, press Hold.
2. Click the upper-left corner and upper-right corner twice.
3. Review the event log.
Check the BlackBerry event log:
1. On the device, press ALT+lglg; or, for touch-screen devices, hold the ESC key, tap (no
click) top-left, top-right, top-left, then top-right.
2. Review the event log, and see the RIM BlackBerry documentation for information
about debugging and optimizing.http://na.blackberry.com/eng/developers/resources/
•
•
•
A50_How_to_Debug_and_Optimize_V2.pdf
Server-side debugging
Problems on the Unwired Server side that may cause device client problems:
•
•
•
•
The domain or package does not exist.
Authentication failed for the synchronizing user.
The operation role check failed for the synchronizing user.
Back-end authentication failed.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
23
Development Task Flow
•
•
An operation failed on the remote, replication database back end, for example, a table or
foreign key does not exist. Detailed messages can be found in the Log Record.
An operation failed on the Web service, REST, or SAP® back end. You can find detailed
messages in the log record.
To find out more information on the Unwired Server side:
•
Check the MMS server log files. See the Sybase Control Center documentation for more
information.
Debugging the BlackBerry Device Application
Debug your device application by setting breakpoints and stepping through code.
1. From the BlackBerry JDE, select Debug > Go to build and execute the application, and
launch the simulator.
You can view build results in the JDE output window.
2. Add breakpoints to the code:
a) Place your cursor in the code where you want to add a breakpoint and select Debug >
Breakpoint > Set Breakpoint at Cursor.
b) You can also set breakpoints for a given event from the same menu, for example, On
startup, When an exception is thrown, Before garbage collection, and so on.
3. Run the application from the simulator. The application stops based upon the breakpoint
you set.
4. Once stopped, you can step through the code using any of the step icons (step over, step
into, step out, and so on) located in the JDE toolbar:
For more information about the various views available for debugging, including
determining memory usage, code coverage, and so on, refer to the BlackBerry JDE
documentation. To view a video on how to debug your BlackBerry device application in
the BlackBerry JDE, go to the Research In Motion Developer Video Library Web site at:
http://supportforums.blackberry.com/t5/Java-Development/tkb-p/java_dev%40tkb?
labels=video.
Localizing a BlackBerry Application
To localize a BlackBerry application, you must create a resource header file, a resource
content file for the global locale, and a resource content file for any specific locales that you
require.
Adding a Resource File to the Application
Add a resource file to define the descriptive keys for each localized string.
1. Open the BlackBerry application using the Java Perspective in Eclipse.
24
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
2. Focus on the res folder, and right-click and select New > Package.
3. In the New Java Package dialog, in the Name field, enter the same package name as the
src package name, for example, "com.sybase.sup.samples.objectapi."
4. Add the resource file under res > <package-name>.
•
Focus on res > <package-name> and right-click and select New > Other.
5. In the New dialog, select BlackBerry > BlackBerry Resource File and click Next.
6. In the New BlackBerry Resource File dialog, under the res package, enter the a file name
for the rrh (resource header file) in the File name field. Name it by the project name.
When you create a new resource header file, the BlackBerry® Java® Plug-in for Eclipse®
creates the associated .rrc resource content file. For example, entering
SUP101Sample.rrh creates SUP101Sample.rrh and SUP101Sample.rrc
files.
You can create additional resource content files as required for specific locales. These files
must have the same name as the resource header file, followed by an underscore (_) and the
language code, and then, optionally, by a single underscore (_) and a country code.
Language and country codes are specified in ISO-639 and ISO-3166, respectively.
Adding Resource Keys and Values
Localize a BlackBerry application by adding a resource files to the application, and adding
localization code to the application source file.
1. Focus on the rrh (resource header) file and double-click it to open the Resource
Editor.
2. Add resource keys to the resource header file by selecting Add Key from the Root tab.
The resource keys are added in the Root tab, indicating that these resource keys have been
added to the resource header file. The keys are also automatically created in each of the
resource content files.
3. Enter resource values in each of the resource content files.
Adding Localization Code
Add localization code into the application file. The following example is from the SUP101
project.
1. Open the CustomerSampleScreen.java file in the SUP101Sample project. Add
the following code:
//import resource bundle interface. SUP101SampleResource is the
resource bundle interface created automatically
import com.sybase.sup.samples.objectapi.SUP101SampleResource;
2. Add the following code to the concrete screen code:
implements SUP101SampleResource
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25
Development Task Flow
private static ResourceBundle _resources =
ResourceBundle.getBundle(BUNDLE_ID, BUNDLE_NAME);
3. Call the resource bundles string to display user interface text, and change the string to call
the resource bundles to display. Add the following code:
InfoScreen(CustomerSampleScreen sampleScreen, Customer customer)
{
_sampleScreen = sampleScreen;
_customer = customer;
// Set up and display UI elements. Use resource bundle string to
display.
setTitle(_resources.getString(UPDATE_TITLE));
_fnameField = new
BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_FNAME),
customer.getFname(),
BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,Field.FOCUSABLE);
_lnameField = new
BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_LNAME),
customer.getLname(),
BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,Field.FOCUSABLE);
_companyField = new
BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_COMPANY),
customer.getCompany_name(), BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,
Field.FOCUSABLE);
_addressField = new
BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_ADDRESS),
customer.getAddress(), BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,
Field.FOCUSABLE);
_stateField = new
BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_STATE),
customer.getState(), BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,
Field.FOCUSABLE);
_cityField = new
BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_CITY),
customer.getCity(), BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,
Field.FOCUSABLE);
_phoneField = new
BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_PHONE),
customer.getPhone(), BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,
Field.FOCUSABLE);
_zipField = new BasicEditField(_resources.getString(FIELD_ZIP),
customer.getZip(), BasicEditField.DEFAULT_MAXCHARS,
Field.FOCUSABLE);
Validating the Localization Changes
Test that your changes appear in your application.
1. Launch the BlackBerry simulator then launch the application.
2. Select Options.
3. Select the language you want to test.
The simulator restarts in the new language.
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Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
4. Launch your application and verify that it is localized.
Deploying Applications to Devices
This section describes how to deploy customized mobile applications to devices.
Device Registration
Replication devices are used exclusively with replication-based synchronization (RBS)
mobile business objects that rely on RBS data cached in the consolidated database. RBS
device users are automatically registered when they first synchronize data. There is no device
configuration required; the only tasks an administrator performs are monitoring RBS device
activity and deleting RBS devices.
Note: For more information on device registration, see Sybase Unwired Platform System
Administration > Device and User Management > Replication Devices and Sybase Unwired
Platform System Administration > Device and User Management > Device Provisioning.
Signing
Code signing is required for applications to run on physical devices.
You can implement code signing from the BlackBerry JDE:
•
BlackBerry JDE – download the Signing Authority Tool from the BlackBerry Web site at
http://na.blackberry.com/eng/developers/javaappdev/signingauthority.jsp. View
Deploying and Signing Applications in the BlackBerry JDE plug-in for Eclipse at the
Research In Motion Developer Video Library Web site: http://
supportforums.blackberry.com/t5/Java-Development/tkb-p/java_dev%40tkb?
labels=video.
Provisioning Options for BlackBerry Devices
To provision the application to BlackBerry devices, you can automatically push the
application to the device or send a link to device users so they can install it when desired. For
small deployments or evaluation purposes, device users can install the application using
BlackBerry Desktop Manager.
Once installed on the device, the application appears in Downloads. However, device users
can move it to a different location. If device users reinstall the application from a link or URL,
or using Desktop Manager, the BlackBerry device remembers the installation location.
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
27
Development Task Flow
Provisioning Method
Purpose
BlackBerry Enterprise
Enterprise installaServer (BES) Over-the-Air tions
(OTA)
Description
When the BlackBerry device activates, it automatically pairs with the BES and downloads the
application.
See http://www.blackberry.com/btsc/search.do?
cmd=displayKC&docType=kc&externalId=KB03748 for step-by-step instructions.
OTA: URL/link to installa- Enterprise installation files
tions
The administrator stages the OTA files in a Webaccessible location and notifies BlackBerry device users via an e-mail message with a link to the
JAD file.
Desktop Manager
Installs the application when the BlackBerry device is synced via a computer.
Personal installation
BES and BIS Provisioning for BlackBerry
BlackBerry devices that are connected to a production environment using relay server can use
either BlackBerry Enterprise Server (BES) or BlackBerry Internet Server (BIS) to provision
supported device types.
See the following sections in System Administration for details on how to perform
BlackBerry provisioning and deployment:
•
•
•
System Administration > Device Provisioning > Afaria Provisioning and Mobile Device
Management.
System Administration > Device Provisioning > BES and BIS Provisioning for
BlackBerry
• Provisioning Prerequisites for BlackBerry
System Administration > Device Provisioning > Setting up Push Synchronization for
Replication Synchronization Devices
BlackBerry Desktop Manager Provisioning
You can deploy BlackBerry applications to physical devices through BlackBerry Desktop
Manager.
The generated code is compiled against the BlackBerry RAPC compiler to output the
following COD (.cod), Application Loader Files (.alx), and Java Application Descriptor (.jad)
files. File requirements depend on application and installation type:
Required files include:
•
28
UltralLiteJ.cod/.alx/.jad files
Sybase Unwired Platform
Development Task Flow
•
•
sup_client_rim files
CommonClient files
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
29
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30
Sybase Unwired Platform
Reference
Reference
This section describes the Client Object API. Classes are defined and sample code is provided.
BlackBerry Client Object API
The Sybase Unwired Platform BlackBerry Client Object API consists of generated business
object classes that represent the mobile business object model built and designed in the
Unwired WorkSpace development environment. The BlackBerry Client Object API is used by
device applications to retrieve data and invoke mobile business object operations.
To generate Client Object API Javadoc, select the Generate JavaDoc option when generating
mobile business object (MBO) code.
Client Object API Javadocs
Use the Sybase Client Object API Javadocs as a Client Object API reference.
Review the reference details in the Client Object API Javadocs, located in the Unwired
Platform installation directory <UnwiredPlatform_InstallDir>\ClientAPI
\apidoc. There is a subdirectory for rim.
From the index.html file, the top left navigation pane lists all packages installed with
Unwired Platform. The applicable documentation is available with each package. Click this
link and navigate through the Javadoc as required.
Connection APIs
The Connection APIs contain methods for managing local database information, establishing
a connection with the Unwired Server, and authenticating.
ConnectionProfile
The ConnectionProfile class manages local database information. You must set its
properties before creating a local database.
By default, the database class name is generated as "packageName"+"DB".
ConnectionProfile profile = <PkgName>DB.getConnectionProfile();
profile.setPageSize( 4*1024 );
profile.setEncryptionKey(”Your key”);
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
31
Reference
Improving Device Application Performance with Multiple Database Reader Threads
The maxDbConnections property improves device application performance by allowing
multiple threads to read data concurrently from the same local database.
Note: Replication based synchronization clients support a single write thread concurrently
with multiple read threads.
In a typical device application such as Sybase Mobile CRM, a list view lists all the entities of a
selected type. When pagination is used, background threads load subsequent pages. When the
device application user selects an entry from the list, the detail view of that entry displays, and
loads the details for that entry.
Prior to the implementation of maxDbConnections, access to the package on the local
database was serialized. That is, an MBO database operation, such as, create, read, update, or
delete (CRUD) operation waits for any previous operation to finish before the next is allowed
to proceed. In the list view to detail view example, when the background thread is loading the
entire list, and a user selects the details of one entry to display, the loading of details for that
entry must wait until the entire list is loaded, which can be a long while, depending on the size
of the list.
You can specify the amount of reader threads using maxDbConnections. The default
value is 2.
Implementing maxDbConnections
The ConnectionProfile class in the persistence package includes the maxDbConnections
property, that you set before performing any operation in the application. The default value
(maximum number of concurrent read threads) is two.
ConnectionProfile connectionProfile =
MyPackageDB.getConnectionProfile();
To allow 6 concurrent read threads, set the maxDbConnections property to 6 in
ConnectionProfile before accessing the package database at the beginning of the application.
connectionProfile.setMaxDbConnections(6);
SynchronizationProfile
Before synchronizing with Unwired Server, you must configure a client with information for
establishing a connection with the Unwired Server where the mobile application has been
deployed. The ConnectionProfile class manages that information.
You can configure the synchronization connection profile using the package database class:
ConnectionProfile profile = <PkgName>DB.getSynchronizationProfile();
profile.setServerName( "sup.sybase.com" );
profile.setPortNumber( 2480 );
profile.setNetworkProtocol( “http” );
profile.setDomainName( “default” );
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Sybase Unwired Platform
Reference
Connect through a Relay Server
To enable your client application to connect through a Relay Server you must make manual
configuration changes in the object API code to provide the Relay Server properties.
Edit <package-name>DB by modifying the values of the Relay Server properties for your
Relay Server environment.
To update properties for Relay Server installed on Apache on Linux:
getSynchronizationProfile().setServerName("examplexp-vm1");
getSynchronizationProfile().setPortNumber(2480);
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkProtocol("http");
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkStreamParams("trusted
certificates=;url_suffix=/cli/iarelayserver/<FarmName>");
getSynchronizationProfile().setDomainName("default");
To update properties for Relay Server installed on Internet Information Services (IIS) on
Microsoft Windows:
getSynchronizationProfile().setServerName("examplexp-vm1");
getSynchronizationProfile().setPortNumber(2480);
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkProtocol("http");
getSynchronizationProfile().setNetworkStreamParams("trusted
certificates=;url_suffix=ias_relay_server/client/rs_client.dll/
<FarmName>");
getSynchronizationProfile().setDomainName("default");
For more information on Relay Server configuration, see System Administration and Sybase
Control Center for Unwired Server.
Authentication
The generated package database class already provides a valid synchronization connection
profile. You can log in to the Unwired Server with your user name and credentials.
The package database class provides the following methods for logging in to the Unwired
Server:
•
•
•
public static void onlineLogin(String username, String
password);
public static bool offlineLogin(String username, String
password);
public static void loginToSync(String username, String
password);
onlineLogin authenticates the credentials against the Unwired Server.
offlineLogin authenticates against the last successfully authenticated credentials. There
is no communication with Unwired Server in this method.
loginToSync tries offlineLogin first. If offlineLogin fails, it will try
onlineLogin. This is the recommended login method. loginToSync brings the
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
33
Reference
KeyGenerator to the client from the Unwired Server. The KeyGenerator is an MBO for storing
key values that are known to both the server and the client. On loginToSync from the
client, the server sends down a value that the client can use when creating new records (by
using the method [KeyGenerator generateId] to create key values that the server will
accept).
The KeyGenerator is set up so that the value increments each time the generateId method
is called. A periodic call to submitPending by the KeyGenerator generateId MBO sends
the most recently used value to the Unwired Server, to let the Unwired Server know what keys
have been used on the client side.
<PkgName>DB.loginToSync("username", "password");
Note: Call loginToSync at least once before using the specific Sybase Unwired Platform
package.
Synchronization APIs
You can synchronize mobile business objects (MBOs) based on synchronization parameters,
for individual MBOs, or as a group, based on the group's synchronization policy.
Changing Synchronization Parameters
Synchronization parameters let you change the parameters used to retrieve data from an MBO
during a synchronization session.
The primary purpose of synchronization parameters is to partition data. Change the
synchronization parameters to affect the data you are working with (including searches), and
synchronization.
CustomerSynchronizationParameters sp =
Customer.getSynchronizationParameters();
sp.setMyid(10001);
sp.save();
Performing Mobile Business Object Synchronization
A synchronization group is a group of related MBOs. A mobile application can have
predefined synchronization groups. An implicit default synchronization group includes all the
MBOs that are not in any other synchronization group.
Two synchronization methods are provided in the package database class. You can
synchronize a specified group of MBOs using the synchronization group name:
<PkgName>DB.synchronize(“sync_group”);
Or, you can synchronize all synchronization groups:
<PkgName>DB.synchronize();
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Query APIs
The Query APIs allow you to retrieve data from mobile business objects, to retrieve
relationship and paging data, and to retrieve and filter a query result set.
Retrieving Data from Mobile Business Objects
You can retrieve data from mobile business objects through a variety of queries including
object queries, arbitrary find, and through filtering query result sets.
Object Query
To retrieve data from the local database, use one of the static Object Query methods in the
MBO class.
Object Query methods are generated based on Object Queries defined in Unwired WorkSpace
by the modeler. Object Query methods have whatever query name, parameters and return type
that were defined in Unwired WorkSpace. Object Query methods return one object, or a
collection of objects that match the specified search criteria defined in the Object Query.
The following examples demonstrate how to use the Object Query methods of the Customer
MBO to retrieve data.
The following method retrieves all customers.
public static com.sybase.collections.ObjectList findAll()
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList customers = Customer.findAll();
The following method retrieves all customers in a certain page.
public static com.sybase.collections.ObjectList findAll(int skip,
int take)
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList customers = Customer.findAll(10,
5);
Suppose the modeler defined the following Object Query:
•
•
•
•
name: findByFirstName
parameter: String firstName
query definition: SELECT x.* FROM Customer x WHERE x.fname = :firstName
return type: List
The preceding Object Query results in this generated method:
public static com.sybase.collections.ObjectList
findByFirstName(String firstName)
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList customers =
Customer.findByFirstName(“fname”);
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Query and Related Classes
The following classes define arbitrary search methods and filter conditions, and provide
methods for combining test criteria and dynamically querying result sets.
Table 2. Query and Related Classes
Class
Description
Query
Defines arbitrary search methods and can be composed of search conditions, object/row state filter
conditions, and data ordering information.
AttributeTest
Defines filter conditions for MBO attributes.
CompositeTest
Contains a method to combine test criteria using the
logical operators AND, OR, and NOT to create a
compound filter.
QueryResultSet
Provides for querying a result set for the dynamic
query API.
In addition queries support select, where, and join statements.
Arbitrary Find
The arbitrary find method provides custom device applications the ability to dynamically
build queries based on user input.
In addition to allowing for arbitrary search criteria, the arbitrary find method lets the user
specify the ordering of the results and object state criteria. A Query class is included in the
client object API’s core classes. The Query class is the single object passed to the arbitrary
search methods and consists of search conditions, object/row state filter conditions, and data
ordering information.
Define these conditions by setting properties in a query:
•
•
•
•
TestCriteria – criteria used to filter returned data.
SortCriteria – criteria used to order returned data.
Skip – an integer specifying how many rows to skip. Used for paging.
Take – an integer specifying the maximum number of rows to return. Used for paging.
TestCriteria can be an AttributeTest or a CompositeTest.
Dynamic Query
You can construct a query SQL statement to query data from a local database. This query may
across multiple tables (MBOs).
Query query2 = new Query();
query2.select("c.fname,c.lname,s.order_date,s.region");
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query2.from("Customer", "c");
//
// Convenience method for adding a join to the query
// Detailed construction of the join criteria
query2.join("Sales_order", "s", "c.id", "s.cust_id");
AttributeTest ts = new AttributeTest();
ts.setAttribute("fname");
ts.setTestValue("Beth");
query2.where(ts);
QueryResultSet qrs = SampleAppDB.executeQuery(query2);
Note: A wildcard is not allowed in the select clause. You must use explicit column names.
SortCriteria
SortCriteria defines a list of SortOrder, which contains an attribute name and an
order type (ASCENDING or DESCENDING).
For example, locate all Customer objects based on the following criteria:
•
•
•
•
FirstName = ‘John’ AND LastName = ‘Doe’ AND (State = ‘CA’ or State = ‘NY’)
Customer is New or Updated
Ordered by: LastName ASC, FirstName ASC, Credit DESC
Skip the first 10 and take 5
Use code similar to:
Query props = new Query();
//define the attribute based conditions
CompositeTest innerCompTest = new CompositeTest();
innerCompTest.setCompositionType(TestType.OR);
innerCompTest.add (
new AttributeTest ("state", "CA", AttributeTest.EQUAL));
innerCompTest.add (
new AttributeTest ("state", "NY", AttributeTest.EQUAL));
CompositeTest outerCompTest = new CompositeTest();
outerCompTest.setCompositionType(CompositeTest.AND);
outerCompTest.add (
new AttributeTest("fname", "John", AttributeTest.EQUAL));
outerCompTest.add (
new AttributeTest("lname", "Doe" ,AttributeTest.EQUAL));
outerCompTest.add (innerCompTest);
//define the ordering
SortCriteria sort = new SortCriteria();
sort.add ("lname", SortOrderType.ASCENDING);
sort.add ("fname", SortOrderType.ASCENDING);
sort.add ("id", SortOrderType.DESCENDING);
//set the Query object
props.setTestCriteria(outerCompTest);
props.setSortCriteria(sort);
props.setSkip(10);
props.setTake(5);
props.setStateCriteria(ObjectState.NEW |
ObjectState.UPDATED);
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList customers =
Customer.findWithQuery(props);
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Paging Data
On low-memory devices, retrieving up to 30,000 records from the database may cause the
custom client to fail and throw an OutOfMemoryException.
Consider using the Query object to limit the result set:
Query props = new Query();
props.setSkip(10);
props.setTake(5);
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList customers =
Customer.findWithQuery(props);
AttributeTest
An AttributeTest defines a filter condition using an MBO attribute, and supports
conditions.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
IS_NULL
NOT_NULL
EQUAL
NOT_EQUAL
LIKE
NOT_LIKE
MATCH
NOT_MATCH
LESS_THAN
LESS_EQUAL
GREATER_THAN
GREATER_EQUAL
CONTAINS
STARTS_WITH
ENDS_WITH
DOES_NOT_START_WITH
DOES_NOT_END_WITH
DOES_NOT_CONTAIN
CompositeTest
A CompositeTest combines multiple TestCriteria using the logical operators AND,
OR and NOT to create a compound filter.
The following example retrieves all log records where mboName=entityName and
key=idString:
String entityName = "Customer";
String idString = "12345";
com.sybase.persistence.Query query = new
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com.sybase.persistence.Query();
com.sybase.persistence.CompositeTest ct = new
com.sybase.persistence.CompositeTest();
ct.setOperator(com.sybase.persistence.CompositeTest.AND);
ct.add(com.sybase.persistence.AttributeTest.equal("component",
entityName));
ct.add(com.sybase.persistence.AttributeTest.equal("entityKey",idStr
ing));
query.setTestCriteria(ct);
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList logList =
LogRecordImpl.findWithQuery(query);
QueryResultSet
The QueryResultSet class provides for querying a result set for the dynamic query API.
QueryResultSet is returned as a result of executing a query.
Example
The following example shows how to execute a query on multiple MBOs using a join:
com.sybase.persistence.Query query = new
com.sybase.persistence.Query();
query.select("c.fname,c.lname,s.order_date,s.region");
query.from(" Customer ", "c");
query.join(" SalesOrder ", "s", " s.cust_id ", "c.id");
AttributeTest ts = new AttributeTest();
ts.setAttribute("lname");
ts.setTestValue(" Devlin");
ts.setOperator(AttributeTest.EQUALS)
query.setTestCriteria(ts);
QueryResultSet qrs = <MyPkg>DB.executeQuery(query);
while(qrs.next())
{
System.out.println(qrs.getString(columnIndex));
System.out.println(qrs.getStringByName(columnName));
}
Retrieving Relationship Data
A relationship between two MBOs allows the parent MBO to access the associated MBO.
Assume there are two MBOs defined in Unwired Server. One MBO is called Customer and
contains a list of customer data records. The second MBO is called SalesOrder and contains
order information. Additionally, assume there is an association between Customers and
Orders on the customer ID column. The Orders application is parameterized to return order
information for the customer ID.
Customer customer = Customer.findById (101);
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList orders =
customer.getSalesOrders();
You can also use the Query class to filter the return MBO list data.
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Query props = new Query();
// set query parameters
......
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList orders =
customer.getSalesOrdersFilterBy(props);
Operations APIs
Mobile business object operations are performed on an MBO instance. Operations in the
model that are marked as create, update, or delete (CUD) operations create instances (nonstatic) of operations in the generated client-side objects.
Any parameters in the create, update, or delete operation that are mapped to the object’s
attributes are handled internally by the Client Object API, and are not exposed. Any
parameters not mapped to the object’s attributes are left as parameters in the Generated Object
API. The code examples for create, update and delete operations are based on the fill from
attribute being set. Different MBO settings will effect operation methods.
Note: If the Sybase Unwired Platform object model defines one instance of a create operation
and one instance of an update operation, and all operation parameters are mapped to the
object’s attributes, then a Save method can be automatically generated which, when called
internally, determines whether to insert or update data to the local client-side database. In
other situations, where there are multiple instances of create or update operations, it is not
possible to automatically generate such a Save method.
Create Operation
To execute a create operation on an MBO, create a new MBO instance, set the MBO attributes,
then call the save() or create() operation.
Customer cust = new Customer();
cust.setFname ( "supAdmin" );
cust.setCompany_name( "Sybase" );
cust.setPhone( "777-8888" );
cust.create();// or cust.save();
cust.submitPending();
<PkgName>DB.synchronize();
// or <PkgName>DB.synchronize (String synchronizationGroup)
Update Operation
To execute update operations on an MBO, get an instance of the MBO, set the MBO attributes,
and then call either the save() or update() operations.
Customer cust = Customer.findById(101);
cust.setFname("supAdmin");
cust.setCompany_name("Sybase");
cust.setPhone("777-8888");
cust.save();
cust.submitPending();
<PkgName>DB.synchronize();
// or <PkgName>DB.synchronize (String synchronizationGroup)
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To update multiple MBOs in a relationship, call submitPending() on the parent MBO, or
call submitPending() on the changed child MBO:
Customer cust = Customer.findById(101);
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList orders = cust.getSalesOrders();
SalesOrder order = (SalesOrder)orders.getByIndex(0);
order.setOrder_date(new java.util.Date());
order.save();
cust.submitPending();
Delete Operation
To execute delete operations on an MBO, get an instance of the MBO, set the MBO attributes,
then call the delete() operation.
Customer cust = Customer.findById(101);
cust.delete();
For MBOs in a relationship, perform a delete as follows:
Customer cust = Customer.findById(101);
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList orders =
cust.getSalesOrders();
SalesOrder order = (SalesOrder)orders.getByIndex(0);
order.delete();
cust.submitPending();
<PkgName>DB.synchronize();
// or <PkgName>DB.synchronize (String synchronizationGroup)
Save Operation
When called, the Save method determines internally if it should insert or update data to the
client database.
//Update an existing customer
Customer cust = Customer.findById(101);
cust.save();
//Insert a new customer
Customer cust = new Customer();
cust.save();
Other Operation
Operations that are not create, update, or delete operations are called “Other” operations. An
Other operation class is generated for each operation in the MBO that is not a create, update or
delete operation.
Suppose the Customer MBO has an Other operation “other”, with parameters “P1” (string),
“P2” (int) and “P3” (date). This results in a CustomerOtherOperation class being
generated, with “P1”, “P2” and “P3” as its attributes.
To invoke the Other operation, create an instance of CustomerOtherOperation, and set
the correct operation parameters for its attributes. This code provides an example:
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CustomerOtherOperation other = new CustomerOtherOperation();
other.setP1(“somevalue”);
other.setP2(2);
other.setP3(new Date());
other.save(); // or other.create()
other.submitPending();
<PkgName>DB.synchronize(); // or <PkgName>DB.synchronize (String
synchronizationGroup)
Multilevel Insert
Multilevel insert allows a single synchronization to execute a chain of related insert
operations.
Consider creating a Customer and a new Customer order at the same time on the client side,
where the SalesOrder has a reference to the new Customer identifier. The following example
demonstrates a multilevel insert:
Customer customer = new Customer();
customer.setFname(“firstName”);
customer.setLname(“lastName”);
customer.setPhone(“777-8888”);
customer.save();
SalesOrder order = new SalesOrder();
order.setCustomer(customer);
order.setOrder_date(new java.util.Date());
order.setRegion("Eastern");
order.setSales_rep(102);
customer.getOrders().add(order);
//Both the child and parent MBO must call save()
order.save();
//Must submit parent
...
To insert an order for an existing customer, first find the customer, then create a sales order
with the customer ID retrieved:
Customer customer = Customer.findById(101);
SalesOrder order = new SalesOrder();
order.setCustomer(customer);
order.setOrder_date(new java.util.Date());
order.setRegion("Eastern");
order.setSales_rep(102);
customer.getSalesOrders().add(order);
order.save();
customer.submitPending();
See the Sybase Unwired Platform online documentation for specific multilevel insert
requirements.
Pending Operation
You can manage pending operations using these methods:
•
42
cancelPending – cancels the previous create, update, or delete operations on the MBO. It
cannot cancel submitted operations.
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•
•
•
submitPending – submits the operation so that it can be replayed on the Unwired Server.
A request is sent to the Unwired Server during a synchronization.
submitPendingOperations – submits all the pending records for the entity to the
Unwired Server. This method internally invokes the submitPending method on each
of the pending records.
cancelPendingOperations – cancels all the pending records for the entity. This method
internally invokes the cancelPending method on each of the pending records.
Note: Use the SubmitPendingOperations and CancelPendingOperations
methods only when there are multiple pending entities on the same MBO type. Otherwise, use
the MBO instance’s SubmitPending or CancelPending methods, which are more
efficient if the MBO instance is already available in memory.
Customer customer = Customer.findById(101);
if (errorHappened) {
customer.cancelPending();
}
else {
customer.submitPending();
}
Passing Structures to Operations
Structures hold complex datatypes (for example a string list, class or MBO object, or a list of
objects) that enhance interactions with certain enterprise information systems (EIS) data
sources, such as SAP and Web services, where the mobile business object (MBO) requires
complex operation parameters.
An Unwired WorkSpace project includes an example MBO that is bound to a Web service data
source that includes a create operation that takes a structure as an operation parameter. MBOs
differ depending on the data source, configuration, and so on, but the principles are similar.
The SimpleCaseList MBO contains a create operation that has a number of parameters,
including a parameter named _HEADER_ that is a structure datatype named
AuthenticationInfo, defined as:
AuthenticationInfo
userName: String
password: String
authentication: String
locale: String
timeZone: String
Structures are implemented as classes, so the parameter _HEADER_ is an instance of the
AuthenticationInfo class. The generated Java code for the create operation is:
public void create(complex.AuthenticationInfo
_HEADER_,java.lang.String escalated,java.lang.String
hotlist,java.lang.String orig_Submitter,java.lang.String
pending,java.lang.String workLog)
This example demonstrates how to initialize the AuthenticationInfo class instance and pass
them, along with the other operation parameters, to the create operation:
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AuthenticationInfo authen = new AuthenticationInfo();
authen.setUserName("Demo");
authen.setPassword("");
authen.setAuthentication("");
authen.setLocale("EN_US");
authen.setTimeZone("GMT");
SimpleCaseList newCase = new SimpleCaseList();
newCase.setCase_Type("Incident");
newCase.setCategory("Networking");
newCase.setDepartment("Marketing");
newCase.setDescription("A new help desk case.");
newCase.setItem("Configuration");
newCase.setOffice("#3 Sybase Drive");
newCase.setSubmitted_By("Demo");
newCase.setPhone_Number("#0861023242526");
newCase.setPriority("High");
newCase.setRegion("USA");
newCase.setRequest_Urgency("High");
newCase.setRequester_Login_Name("Demo");
newCase.setRequester_Name("Demo");
newCase.setSite("25 Bay St, Mountain View, CA");
newCase.setSource("Requester");
newCase.setStatus("Assigned");
newCase.setSummary("MarkHellous was here Fix it.");
newCase.setType("Access to Files/Drives");
newCase.setCreate_Time(new
java.sql.Timestamp(System.currentTimeMillis()));
newCase.create(authen, "Other", "Other", "Demo", “false”,
“worklog”);
newCase.submitPending();
Mobile and Local Business Objects
A business object can be either local or mobile. A local business object is a client only object,
and is represented by the LocalBusinessObject interface. A mobile business object can
be synchronized with the Unwired Server, and is represented by the
MobileBusinessObject interface.
Both LocalBusinessObject and MobileBusinessObject extend
BusinessObject. MobileBusinessObject provides the following additional
methods:
public interface MobileBusinessObject extends BusinessObject
{
void cancelPending();
LogRecord[] getLogRecords();
boolean isCreated();
boolean isPending();
boolean isUpdated();
void submitPending();
}
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getLogRecords returns operation logs as LogRecord instances. See the LogRecord
API.
submitPending submits a pending record to the Unwired Server. A pending record is one
that has been updated in the client database, but not sent to the Unwired Server.
cancelPending cancels a pending record.
Personalization APIs
Personalization keys allow the application to define certain input parameter values that differ
(are personalized) for each mobile user. The Personalization APIs allow you to manage
personalization keys, and get and set personalization key values.
Type of Personalization Keys
There are three types of personalization keys: client, server, and transient (or session). Client
personalization keys are persisted in the local database. Server personalization keys are
persisted on the Unwired Server. Session personalization keys are not persisted and are lost
after the device application terminates.
A personalization parameter can be a primitive or complex type. This is shown in the code
example.
Get or Set Personalization Key Values
The PersonalizationParameters class is generated automatically for managing
personalization keys. Personalization keys allow the application to define certain input
parameter values that are different (personalized) for each mobile user.
The following code provides an example on how to set a personalization key, and pass an array
of values and array of objects:
PersonalizationParameters pp =
<PkgName>DB.getPersonalizationParameters();
pp.setMyIntPK(10002);
pp.save();
IntList il = new IntList(2);
il.add(10001);
il.add(10002);
pp.setMyIntListPK(il);
pp.save();
MyDataList dl = new MyDataList();
//MyData is a structure type defined in tooling
MyData md = new MyData();
md.setIntMember( ... );
md.setStringMember2( ... );
dl.add(md);
pp.setMyDataList( dl );
pp.save();
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If a synchronization parameter is personalized, you can overwrite the value of that parameter
with the personalization value.
Object State APIs
The object state APIs provide methods for returning information about the state of an entity in
an application.
Entity State Management
The object state APIs provide methods for returning information about entities in the
database. All entities that support pending state have the following attributes:
Name
Java Type
Description
isNew
boolean
Returns true if this entity is new (but has not been created in
the client database).
isCreated
boolean
Returns true if this entity has been newly created in the client
database, and one the following is true:
•
•
•
isDirty
boolean
Returns true if this entity has been changed in memory, but the
change has not yet been saved to the client database.
isDeleted
boolean
Returns true if this entity was loaded from the database and
was subsequently deleted.
isUpdated
boolean
Returns true if this entity has been updated or changed in the
database, and one of the following is true:
•
•
•
pending
46
The entity has not yet been submitted to the server with a
replay request.
The entity has been submitted to the server, but the server
has not finished processing the request.
The server rejected the replay request (replayFailure
message received).
boolean
The entity has not yet been submitted to the server with a
replay request.
The entity has been submitted to the server, but the server
has not finished processing the request.
The server rejected the replay request (replayFailure
message received).
Returns true for any row that represents a pending create,
update, or delete operation, or a row that has cascading children with a pending operation.
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Name
Java Type
Description
pendingChange
char
If pending is true, then 'C' (create), 'U' (update), 'D' (delete),
'P' (to indicate that this MBO is a parent in a cascading relationship for one or more pending child objects, but this MBO
itself has no pending create, update or delete operations). If
pending is false, then 'N'.
replayCounter
long
Returns a long value which is updated each time a row is
created or modified by the client. This value is derived from
the time in seconds since an epoch, and increases each time a
row is changed.
replayPending
long
Returns a long value. When a pending row is submitted to the
server, the value of replayCounter is copied to replayPending. This allows the client code to detect if a
row has been changed since it was submitted to the server
(that is, if the value ofreplayCounter is greater than
replayPending).
replayFailure
long
Returns a long value. When the server responds with a replayFailure message for a row that was submitted to
the server, the value of replayCounter is copied to
replayFailure, and replayPending is set to 0.
Pending State Pattern
When a create, update, delete, or save operation is called on an entity in a replication-based
synchronization application, the requested change becomes pending. To apply the pending
change, call submitPending on the entity, or submitPendingOperations on the
MBO class:
Customer e = new Customer();
e.setFname("Fred");
e.setAddress("123 Four St.");
e.create(); // create as pending
e.submitPending(); // submit to server
Customer.submitPendingOperations(); // submit all pending Customer
rows to server
submitPendingOperations submits all the pending records for the entity to the
Unwired Server. This method internally invokes the submitPending method on each of
the pending records.
The call to submitPending causes the operations to be marked for replay by Unwired
Server. On the next synchronization, Unwired Server processes the operations and creates log
records for each operation with code indicating the status of the operation. The LogRecord
interface is defined as follows:
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Method
Name
Java Type
Description
component
string
Name of the MBO for the row for which this log record was
written.
entityKey
string
String representation of the primary key of the row for which
this log record was written.
code
int
One of several possible HTTP error codes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
200 indicates success.
401 indicates that the client request had invalid credentials, or that authentication failed for some other reason.
403 indicates that the client request had valid credentials,
but that the user does not have permission to access the
requested resource (package, MBO, or operation).
404 indicates that the client tried to access a nonexistent
package or MBO.
405 indicates that there is no valid license to check out for
the client.
500 to indicate an unexpected (unspecified) server failure.
message
String
Descriptive message from the server with the reason for the
log record.
operation
String
The operation (create, update, or delete) that caused the log
record to be written.
requestId
String
The id of the replay message sent by the client that caused this
log record to be written.
timestamp
Date
Date and time of the log record.
If a rejection is received, the application can use the entity method getLogRecords to
access the log records and get the reason:
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList logs = e.getLogRecords();
for(int i=0; i<logs.count(); i++)
{
com.sybase.persistence.LogRecord log =
(com.sybase.persistence.LogRecord)logs.getByIndex(i);
System.out.println("Entity has a log record:");
System.out.println("Code = " + log.getCode());
System.out.println("Component = " + log.getComponent());
System.out.println("EntityKey = " + log.getEntityKey());
System.out.println("Level = " + log.getLevel());
System.out.println("Message = " + log.getMessage());
System.out.println("Operation = " + log.getOperation());
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System.out.println("RequestId = " + log.getRequestId());
System.out.println("Timestamp = " + log.getTimestamp());
}
cancelPendingOperations cancels all the pending records for an entity. This method
internally invokes the cancelPending method on each of the pending records.
Mobile Business Object States
A mobile business object can be in one of three states:
•
•
•
Original state, the state before any CUD operation.
Downloaded state, the state downloaded from the Unwired Server.
Current state, the state after any CUD operation.
The Mobile Business Object class provides properties for querying the original state and the
downloaded state:
public Customer getOriginalState();
public Customer getDownloadState();
The original state is valid only before the application synchronizes with the Unwired Server.
After synchronization has completed successfully, the original state is cleared and set to null.
Customer cust = Customer.findById(101);
// state
cust.setFname(“firstName");
cust.setCompany_name("Sybase");
cust.setPhone("777-8888");
cust.save();
// state
Customer org = cust.getOriginalState();
// state
//suppose there is new download for Customer 101 here
Customer download = cust.getDownloadState();
// state
cust.cancelPending();
// state
1
2
1
3
3
Using all three states, the application can resolve most conflicts that may occur.
Refresh Operation
The refresh operation of an MBO allows you to refresh the MBO state from the client
database.
The following code provides an example:
Customer cust = Customer.findById(101);
cust.setFname("newName");
cust.refresh();// newName is discarded
Clear Relationship Objects
The clearRelationshipObjects method releases relationship attributes and sets
them to null. Attributes get filled from the client database on the next getter method call or
property reference. You can use this method to conserve memory if an MBO has large child
attributes that are not needed at all times.
clearRelationshipObjects
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Common APIs
In addition to Object State APIs these APIs are available with each mobile business object.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
save – save a record to the local database, In the case of an existing record, save calls
update. In the case of a new record, save calls create.
refresh – client refreshes the entity from the local database.
cancelPending – cancels a pending record.
submitPending – submits a pending record to the server.
getPendingChange – if pending is true, then 'C' (create), 'U' (update), 'D' (delete), 'P' (to
indicate that this row is a parent in a cascading relationship for one or more pending child
objects, but this row itself has no pending create, update or delete operations). If pending is
false, then 'N'.
getReplayCounter – updated each time a row is created or modified by the client. This
value is derived from the time in seconds since an epoch, so it always increases each time
the row is changed.
getReplayPending – when a pending row is submitted to the server, the value of
replayCounter is copied to replayPending. This allows client code to detect if a row has
been changed since it was submitted to the server --the test to look for : replayCounter >
replayPending. On receiving a successful response (replayResult) from the server, this is
reset to 0.
getReplayFailure – when the server responds with a replayFailure message for a row that
was submitted to the server, the replayCounter value is copied to replayFailure, and
replayPending is set to 0.
Security APIs
The security APIs allow you to customize some aspects of connection and database security.
Connect Using a Certificate
You can set certificate information in ConnectionProfile.
ConnectionProfile profile = <PkgName>DB.getSynchronizationProfile();
profile.setDomainName( "default" );
profile.setServerName( "host-name" );
profile.setPortNumber( 2481 );
profile.setNetworkProtocol( "https" );
Install the certificate to BlackBerry:
•
•
50
Simulator: copy the certificate to the simulator directory.
Physical device: use the Desktop Manager Certificate Synchronization tool to import an
HTTPS public certificate from the PC to the device. Then perform a synchronization with
Unwired Server by HTTPS.
Sybase Unwired Platform
Reference
Encrypt the Database
You can use ConnectionProfile.EncryptionKey to set the encryption key of a
local database. Set the key during application initialization, and before creating or accessing
the client database.
The length of the encyption key must not be less than 16 characters.
ConnectionProfile profile = <PkgName>DB.getConnectionProfile();
profile.setEncryptionKey(“Your key”);
Installing X.509 Certificates on BlackBerry Simulators and Devices
Install the .p12 certificate on the BlackBerry device or simulator and select it during
authentication.
1. Install the certificate on a device:
a) Connect to the device with a USB cable.
b) Browse to the SD Card folder on the computer to which the device is connected.
c) Navigate to and select the certificate. Enter the password.
d) Import the certificate.
You can also use the BlackBerry Desktop Manager to intstall the certificate on the device,
but you may need to perform a custom installation to access the Synchronize Certificates
option.
2. Install the certificate on a simulator:
a) From the simulator, select Simulate > Change SD Card.
b) Add/or select the directory that contains the certificate.
c) Open the media application on the device, and select Menu > Explore.
d) Navigate to and select the certificate. Enter the password.
e) Check the certificate and select Menu > Import Certificate.
BlackBerry Sample Code
This sample code illustrates importing the certificate and setting up login credentials, as well
as other APIs related to certificate handling:
/// End2EndDB is a generated RBS class
///First install certificates on your simulator, for example
"Sybase101.p12"
//Test getting certificate from certificat store
CertificateStore myStore =
CertificateStore.getDefault();
String filter1 = "Sybase";
StringList labels = myStore.certificateLabels(filter1, null);
String aLabel = labels.item(0);
LoginCertificate lc = myStore.getSignedCertificate(aLabel,
"password");
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// Save the login certificate to your synchronization profile
End2EndDB.getSynchronizationProfile().setCertificate(lc);
// Login to and synchronize with Unwired Server
End2EndDB.loginToSync();
End2EndDB.synchronize();
// Save the login certificate to your data vault
// The vault must be unlocked before saving
String vaultName = "myVault";
DataVault vault = null;
if(!DataVault.vaultExists(vaultName))
{
vault = DataVault.createVault(vaultName, "password", "salt");
}
else
{
vault = DataVault.getVault(vaultName);
}
vault.unlock("password", "salt");
lc.save("myLabel", vault);
//test loading and deleting certificate
LoginCertificate newLc = LoginCertificate.load("myLabel", vault);
LoginCertificate.delete("myLabel", vault);
Single Sign-On With X.509 Certificate Related Object API
Use these classes and attributes when developing mobile applications that require X.509
certificate authentication.
•
•
•
CertificateStore class - wraps platform-specific key/certificate store class, or file directory
LoginCertificate class - wraps platform-specific X.509 distinguished name and signed
certificate
ConnectionProfile class - includes the certificate attribute used for Unwired Server
synchronization.
Refer to the Javadocs that describe implementation details.
Importing a Certificate Into the Data Vault
Obtain a certificate reference and store it in a password protected data vault to use for X.509
certificate authentication.
The difference between importing a certificate from a system store or a file directory is
determined by how you obtain the CertificateStore object. In either case, only a label
and password are required to import a certificate.
// Obtain a reference to the certificate store
CertificateStore certStore = CertificateStore.getDefault();
// Obtain a list of certificates
StringList labels = certStore.certificateLabels();
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// Import a certificate from store (into memory)
String label = ...; // ask user to select a label
String password = ...; // ask the user for a password
LoginCertificate cert = certStore.getSignedCertificate(label,
password);
// Lookup or create data vault
String vaultPassword = ...; // ask user or from O/S protected storage
String vaultName = "..."; // e.g. "SAP.CRM.CertificateVault"
String vaultSalt = "..."; // e.g. a hard-coded random GUID
DataVault vault;
try
{
vault = DataVault.getVault(vaultName);
vault.unlock(vaultPassword, vaultSalt);
}
catch (DataVaultException ex)
{
vault = DataVault.createVault(vaultName, vaultPassword,
vaultSalt);
}
// Save certificate into data vault
cert.save("myCert", vault);
Selecting a Certificate for Unwired Server Connections
Select the X.509 certificate from the data vault for Unwired Server authentication.
LoginCertificate cert = LoginCertificate.load("myCert", vault);
ConnectionProfile syncProfile =
MyDatabase.getSynchronizationProfile();
syncProfile.setCertificate(cert);
Connecting to Unwired Server With a Certificate
Once the certificate property is set, use the onlineLogin() API with no parameters (do
not use the onlineLogin() API with username and password).
MyPackage_MyPackageDB onlineLogin();
// Handle login response
MyPackage_MyPackageDB subscribe;
Utility APIs
The Utility APIs allow you to customize aspects of logging, callback handling, and generated
code.
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LogRecord API
LogRecord is used to store two types of logs.
•
•
Operation logs on the Unwired Server. These logs can be downloaded to the device.
Client logs. These logs can be uploaded to the Unwired Server.
The following example code executes an update operation and examines the log records for
the Customer MBO:
int id = 101;
Customer result = Customer.findById(id);
result.setFname(“newFname”);
result.save();
result.submitPending();
<PkgName>DB.synchronize();
result = Customer.findById(id);
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList logs = result.getLogRecords();
for( iint i=0 ; i<logs.count(); i++)
{
com.sybase.persistence.LogRecord log = logs.getByIndex(i);
System.out.println("Message: " + log.getMessage());
System.out.println("Component: " + log.getComponent());
System.out.println("Operation: " + log.getOperation());
System.out.println("Timestamp: " + log.getTimestamp());
...
}
Viewing Error Codes in Log Records
You can view any EIS error codes and the logically mapped HTTP error codes in the log
record.
For example, you could observe a "Backend down" or "Backend login failure" after the
following sequence of events:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Deploying packages to Unwired Server.
Performing an initial synchronization.
Switching off the backend or change the login credentials at the backend.
Invoking a create operation by sending a JSON message.
JsonHeader
{"id":"684cbe16f6b740eb930d08fd626e1551","cid":"111#My1:1","ppm":
"eyJ1c2VybmFtZSI6InN1cEFkbWluIiwicGFzc3dvcmQiOiJzM3BBZG1pbiJ9","p
id":"moca://
Emulator17128142","method":"replay","pbi":"true","upa":"c3VwQWRta
W46czNwQWRtaW4=","mbo":"Bi","app":"My1:1","pkg":"imot1:1.0"}
JsonContent
{"c2":null,"c1":1,"createCalled":true,"_op":"C"}
The Unwired Server returns a response. The code is included in the ResponseHeader.
ResponseHeader
{"id":"684cbe16f6b740eb930d08fd626e1551","cid":"111#My1:1","loginFa
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iled":false,"method":"replayFailed","log":
[{"message":"com.sybase.jdbc3.jdbc.SybSQLException:SQL Anywhere
Error -193: Primary key for table 'bi' is not unique : Primary key
value ('1')","replayPending":
0,"eisCode":"","component":"Bi","entityKey":"0","code":
500,"pending":false,"disableSubmit":false,"?":"imot1.server.LogReco
rdImpl","timestamp":"2010-08-26
14:05:32.97","requestId":"684cbe16f6b740eb930d08fd626e1551","operat
ion":"create","_op":"N","replayFailure":
0,"level":"ERROR","pendingChange":"N","messageId":200001,"_rc":
0}],"mbo":"Bi","app":"My1:1","pkg":"imot1:1.0"}
ResponseContent
{"id":100001}
Logging APIs
Retrieve client log records.
//To fill out the deleted and submitted log records
AttributeTest attributeTestNotDeleted = new
AttributeTest(LogConfig.ReplayPending/*"replayPending"*/,
LogConfig.DefaultReplayPendingValue/*"0"*/, AttributeTest.EQUAL);
q.setTestCriteria(AttributeTest.isNull("operation").and(attributeTe
stNotDeleted));
package com.sybase.persistence;
/**
* The interface for the logger. Used to create log record.
*/
public interface Logger
{
/**
* Get current log level
*/
public int getLogLevel();
/**
* Set current log level
*/
public void setLogLevel(int newLevel);
/**
* Create a new log record
* @param level The log level of the new log record
* @param message The log message of the new log record
*/
public LogRecord newLogRecord(int level, String message);
/**
* Create a fatal log
* @param message The log message of the new log record
*/
public void fatal(String message);
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/**
* Create an error log
* @param message The log message of the new log record
*/
public void error(String message);
/**
* Create a warn log
* @param message The log message of the new log record
*/
public void warn(String message);
/**
* Create an info log
* @param message The log message of the new log record
*/
public void info(String message);
/**
* Create a debug log
* @param message The log message of the new log record
*/
public void debug(String message);
}
/**
* Create a trace log
* @param message The log message of the new log record
*/
public void trace(String message);
Callback Handlers
To receive callbacks, you must register a CallBackHandler with the generated database
class, the entity class, or both. You can create a handler by extending the
DefaultCallbackHandler class.
In your handler, override the particular callback that you are interested in (for example,
OnReplayFailure). The callback is executed in the thread that is performing the action
(for example, replay). When you receive the callback, the particular activity is already
complete. The CallbackHandler interface consists of the following callbacks:
Table 3. Callbacks in the CallbackHandler Interface
56
Callback
Description
void onReplayFailure(java.lang.Object entity)
Replay failure response notification. entity is a
client MBO instance.
void onReplaySuccess(java.lang.Object entity)
Replay success response notification. entity is a
client MBO instance.
Sybase Unwired Platform
Reference
Callback
Description
int onSynchronize(com.sybase.collections.ObThis method will be invoked at the specified stajectList groups,SynchronizationContext context) tus of the synchronization.groups is a list of synchronization group names. context is the synchronization context.
The following code example shows how to create and register a handler to receive callbacks:
public class MyCallbackHandler extends DefaultCallbackHandler
{
// implementation
}
CallbackHandler handler = new MyCallbackHandler();
<PkgName>DB.registerCallbackHandler(handler);
//or Customer.registerCallbackHandler(handler);
SyncStatusListener API
You can implement a synchronization status listener to track the progress of synchronization.
Create a listener that implements the SyncStatusListener interface as follows:
public interface SyncStatusListener
{
boolean objectSyncStatus(ObjectSyncStatusData statusData);
}
public class MySyncListener extends SyncStatusListener
{
// implementation
}
Pass an instance of the listener to the synchronize methods as follows:
MySyncListener listener = new MySyncListener();
<PkgName>DB.synchronize("sync_group", listener);
// or <PkgName>DB.synchronize(listener); if we want to synchronize
all
// synchronization groups
As the application synchronization progresses, the objectSyncStatus method defined
by the SyncStatusListener interface is called and is passed an
ObjectSyncStatusData object. The ObjectSyncStatusData object contains
information about the MBO being synchronized, the connection to which it is related, and the
current state of the synchronization process. By testing the State property of the
ObjectSyncStatusData object and comparing it to the possible values in the
SyncStatusState enumeration, the application can react accordingly to the state of the
synchronization.
Possible uses of objectSyncStatus method include changing form elements on the
client screen to show synchronization progress, such as a green image when the
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synchronization is in progress, a red image if the synchronization fails, and a gray image when
the synchronization has completed successfully and disconnected from the server.
Note: The objectSyncStatus method of SyncStatusListener is called and
executed in the data synchronization thread. If a client runs synchronizations in a thread that is
not the primary user interface thread, the client cannot update its screen as the status changes.
In that case, the client must instruct the primary user interface thread to update the screen
regarding the current synchronization status.
The following is an example of syncStatusListener implementation:
public class SyncListener extends syncStatusListener
{
public boolean objectSyncStatus(ObjectSyncStatusData data)
{
switch (data.getSyncStatusState()) {
case SyncStatusState.APPLICATION_SYNC_DONE:
//implement your own UI indicator bar
break;
case SyncStatusState.APPLICATION_SYNC_ERROR:
//implement your own UI indicator bar
break;
case SyncStatusState.SYNC_DONE:
//implement your own UI indicator bar
break;
case SyncStatusState.SYNC_STARTING:
//implement your own UI indicator bar
break;
...
}
return false;
}
}
isSynchronized() and getLastSynchronizationTime()
The package database class provides the following methods for querying the synchronized
state and the last synchronization time of a synchronization group:
// Returns if the synchronizationGroup was synchronized
public static boolean isSynchronized(String synchronizationGroup)
// Returns the last synchronization time of the synchronizationGroup
public static java.util.Date getLastSynchronizationTime(String
synchronizationGroup)
generateId
You can use the generateId methods in the LocalKeyGenerator and
KeyGenerator classes to generate an ID when creating a new object for which you require
a primary key.
This method in the LocalKeyGenerator class generates a unique ID for the package on
the local device:
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public static long generateId()
This method in the KeyGenerator class generates a unique ID for the same package across
all devices:
public static long generateId()
Client Database APIs
The generated package database class provides methods for managing the client database.
public static void createDatabase()
public static void deleteDatabase()
Typically, createDatabase does not need to be called since it is called internally when
necessary. An application may use deleteDatabase when the client database contains
corrupted data and needs to be cleared.
Exceptions
Reviewing exceptions allows you to identify where an error has occurred during application
execution.
Handling Exceptions
The Client Object API defines server-side and client-side exceptions.
Server-Side Exceptions
Exceptions thrown on the Unwired Server are logged in both the server log and in
LogRecord. For LogRecord, the exception gets downloaded to the device automatically
during synchronization.
HTTP Error Codes
Unwired Server examines the EIS code received in a server response message and maps it to a
logical HTTP error code, if a corresponding error code exists. If no corresponding code exists,
the 500 code is assigned to signify either a Sybase Unwired Platform internal error, or an
unrecognized EIS error. The EIS code and HTTP error code values are stored in log records.
The following is a list of recoverable and non-recoverable error codes. Beginning with
Unwired Platform version 1.5.5, all error codes that are not explicitly considered recoverable
are now considered unrecoverable.
Table 4. Recoverable Error Codes
Error Code
Probable Cause
409
Backend EIS is deadlocked.
503
Backend EIS down or the connection is terminated.
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Table 5. Non-recoverable Error Codes
Error Code
Probable Cause
Manual Recovery Action
401
Backend EIS credentials wrong.
Change the connection information, or
backend user password.
403
User authorization failed on Unwired Server due to role constraints (applicable only for
MBS).
N/A
404
Resource (table/webservice/BAPI) not found on Backend EIS.
Restore the EIS configuration.
405
Invalid license for the client (applicable only for MBS).
N/A
412
Backend EIS threw a constraint
exception.
Delete the conflicting entry in the EIS.
500
SUP internal error in modifying
the CDB cache.
N/A
Beginning with Unwired Platform version 1.5.5, error code 401 is no longer treated as a
simple recoverable error. If the SupThrowCredentialRequestOn401Error context
variable is set to true (which is the default), error code 401 throws a
CredentialRequestException, which sends a credential request notification to the
user's inbox. You can change this default behavior by modifying the value of the
SupThrowCredentialRequestOn401Error context variable in Sybase Control
Center. If SupThrowCredentialRequestOn401Error is set to false, error code 401
is treated as a normal recoverable exception.
Mapping of EIS Codes to Logical HTTP Error Codes
The following is a list of SAP® error codes mapped to HTTP error codes. SAP error codes
which are not listed map by default to HTTP error code 500.
Table 6. Mapping of SAP error codes to HTTP error codes
60
Constant
Description
HTTP Error Code
JCO_ERROR_COMMUNICATION
Exception caused by network problems, such as
connection breakdowns,
gateway problems, or inavailability of the remote
SAP system.
503
Sybase Unwired Platform
Reference
Constant
Description
HTTP Error Code
JCO_ERROR_LOGON_FAILURE
Authorization failures dur- 401
ing the logon phase usually
caused by unknown username, wrong password, or
invalid certificates.
JCO_ERROR_RESOURCE
Indicates that JCO has run
out of resources such as
connections in a connection pool
503
JCO_ERROR_STATE_BUSY
The remote SAP system is
busy. Try again later
503
Client-Side Exceptions
Device applications are responsible for catching and handling exceptions thrown by the client
object API.
Note: See Callback Handlers.
Exception Classes
The Client Object API supports exception classes for queries and for the messaging client.
• SynchronizeException – this exception is thrown when an error occurs during
synchronization.
• ObjectNotFoundException – this exception is thrown when trying to load an MBO that
is inside the local database.
• NoSuchOperationException – this exception is thrown when trying to call a method
(using the Object Manager API) but the method is not defined for the MBO.
• NoSuchAttributeException – this exception is thrown when trying to access an attribute
(using the Object Manager API) but the attribute is not defined for the MBO.
MetaData and Object Manager API
The MetaData and Object Manager API allows you to access metadata for database, classes,
entities, attributes, operations, and parameters.
MetaData and Object Manager API
Some applications or frameworks can operate against MBOs generically by invoking MBO
operations without prior knowledge of MBO classes. This can be achieved by using the
MetaData and Object Manager APIs.
These APIs allow retrieving the metadata of packages, MBOs, attributes, operations and
parameters during runtime. The APIs are especially useful for a runtime environment without
a reflection mechanism such as J2ME.
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You can generate metadata classes using the –md code generation option. You can use the –rm
option to generate the object manager class.
The following code synchronizes and retrieves MBO data:
<PkgName>DB.loginToSync(“username”, “password”);
<PkgName>DB.synchronize();
Customer cust = Customer.findById(123);
The following code gets the same result by using the reflection mechanism:
ObjectManager om = new <PkgName>DB_RM();
DatabaseMetaData dbmd = <PkgName>DB.getMetaData();
ObjectList params = new ObjectList(2);
params.add("username");
params.add("password");
om.invoke(dbmd, dbmd.getOperation("loginToSync"), params);
om.invoke(dbmd, dbmd.getOperation("synchronize"), null);
ObjectList syncParams = new ObjectList(1);
syncParams.add("default");
om.invoke(dbmd, dbmd.getOperation("synchronize",new
String[] {"string"}),syncParams);
ObjectManager
The ObjectManager class allows an application to call the Object API in a reflection style.
Customer object = Customer.findById(123);
ObjectManager rm = new <PkgName>DB_RM();
ClassMetaData customer =
<PkgName>DB.getMetaData().getClass(“Customer”);
AttributeMetaData lname = customer.getAttribute(“lname”);
OperationMetaData save = customer.getOperation(“save”);
Object myMBO = rm.newObject(customer);
rm.setValue(myMBO, lname, “Steve”);
rm.invoke(object, save, new ObjectList());
DatabaseMetaData
The DatabaseMetaData class holds package level metadata. You can use it to retrieve
data such as synchronization groups, default database file, and MBO metadata.
DatabaseMetaData dmd = <PkgName>DB.getMetaData();
com.sybase.collections.StringList syncGroups =
dmd.getSynchronizationGroups();
for(int i=0; i<syncGroups.size(); i++)
{
String syncGroup = syncGroups.getByIndex(i);
System.out.println(syncGroup);
}
ClassMetaData
The ClassMetaData class holds metadata for the MBO, including attributes and
operations.
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AttributeMetaData lname = customerMetaData.getAttribute(“lname”);
OperationMetaData save = customerMetaData.getOperation(“save”);
...
AttributeMetaData
The AttributeMetaData class holds metadata for an attribute such as attribute name,
column name, type, and maxlength.
System.out.println(lname.getName());
System.out.println(lname.getColumn());
System.out.println(lname.getMaxLength());
Replication-Based Push Synchronization Applications
BlackBerry devices support sending push requests through HTTP. Sybase Unwired Platform
supports push configuration and notification handling APIs for BlackBerry HTTP push.
HTTP Push Gateway
Blackberry has an HTTP push feature for sending messages to occasionally connected
devices. For Blackberry devices paired with BlackBerry Enterprise Server (BES), the HTTP
push gateway contains an address that points to the HTTP listener of the BES server. The
POST to the BES server has a query parameter that contains the device ID of the target devices
(for example, 2100000a for an emulator). The BES server holds the message for a
configurable amount of time, and delivers it to the device when the device becomes reachable.
The push listener runs in the background, and listens for server-initiated synchronization
notifications, for example, based on a schedule or triggered by a Data Change Notification
(DCN):
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The HTTP push gateway can also be used for network-connected Sybase Unwired Platform
applications (for example the Java desktop). The address of the subscription contains an
HTTP URL to an HTTP listener which the application creates. The URL contains a query
parameter such as:
&mode=direct
When the HTTP push gateway sees a query parameter without a device ID, the gateway
understands that the message is not going through the BES server. For the mode=direct
notifications to work, the application must be running and have the listener open. If the
application is not running, the HTTPPush gateway reports a ConnectionRefused error in
the log files, and the notification is not delivered.
Push Configuration APIs
The following APIs support push notification in the generated database class.
The following code example starts an HTTP push listener thread.
// Start the http push listener thread
pushThread = new Thread(new PushListener());
pushThread.start();
The client sets the SIS push configuration parameters using SynchronizationGroup.
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SynchronizationGroup sg =
MyDatabase.getSynchronizationGroup("PushEnabled");
sg.setEnableSIS(true);
sg.setInterval(3);
sg.save(); // this will update the local db
The synchronize() method synchronizes the SIS subscription to the Unwired Server.
MyDatabase.synchronize();
System.out.println("++++ Synchronization succeeded ++++++");
The following code example creates the HTTP URL for push, when MDS is running on the
localhost.
public static String getHTTPPushAddress(String deviceid)
{
String mdsServer = MDSSERVER;
String mdsPort = MDSSERVERPORT;
StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer("http://");
result.append(mdsServer);
result.append(":");
result.append(mdsPort);
result.append("/push?DESTINATION=");
result.append(deviceid);
result.append("&PORT=");
result.append(PUSH_HTTP_DEFAULT_DEVICE_PORT);
return result.toString();
The setPushConnectionProfile method configures push settings for the specified
package's synchronization profile.
private boolean setPushConnectionProfile(String packageName, String
deviceId, ConnectionProfile syncProfile, String appId)
Creating a Replication Based Push Application
The device application must meet these requirements to utilize the Replication-Based Push
Synchronization APIs described in this section.
Develop the push application directly from generated mobile business object (MBO) code.
1. Properly configure and deploy the mobile business objects (MBOs).
a) Create a Cache Group (or use the default) and set the cache policy to Scheduled and set
some value for the Cache interval, 30 seconds for example.
b) Create a Synchronization Group and set some value for the Change detection level,
one minute for example.
c) Place all Mobile Application project MBOs in the same Cache Group and
Synchronization Group.
d) Deploy the Mobile Application Project as Replication-based in the Deployment
wizard.
2. Develop the push application.
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•
Develop the application directly from MBO code:
a. Generate the Object API code.
b. Write a push listener to listen to SIS notification sent from server
public class PushListener
implements Runnable
{
Connection conn = null;
private static String url
100;deviceside=false";
= "http://:
/**
* Constructor
*/
public PushListener()
{
}
public void run()
{
System.out.println("++++++ Started Push Listener +++++
+++");
try
{
conn = Connector.open(url);
while (true)
{
String syncRequestStr = null;
try
{
if ( conn instanceof
StreamConnectionNotifier )
{
// Open an InputStream.
StreamConnectionNotifier scn =
(StreamConnectionNotifier) conn;
StreamConnection sc = scn.acceptAndOpen();
InputStream input = sc.openInputStream();
// Extract the data from the InputStream.
StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
byte[] data = new byte[256];
int chunk = 0;
while (-1 != (chunk = input.read(data)))
{
sb.append(new String(data, 0, chunk));
}
// Close the InputStream and StreamConnection.
input.close();
String s = sb.toString();
// Display the received data.
syncRequestStr = s.trim();
System.out.println(">>Received: " +
syncRequestStr);
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}
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
System.out.println(ex);
}
// Clients can parse the syncRequestStr to find client
application
// name, package name, sync group name(publication), launch
client
//application and perform sync.
// format of the push message sent by the server:
// notification_timestamp=<datetime>;app=<client app name>;
// device_id=<device id>;package=<sup package name with
version>;
// publication=<comma separated list of syncGroup names>
TestDB.registerCallbackHandler(new MyCallbackHandler());
com.sybase.collections.ObjectList sgs = new com.sybase.
collections.ObjectList()
// Assume you have notification to sync two
syncGroups(publications),
// sg1 and sg2:
sgs.add(TestDB.getSynchronizationGroup("sg1"));
sgs.add(TestDB.getSynchronizationGroup("sg2"));
TestDB.beginSynchronize(sgs, new Object());
ex);
}
}
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
System.out.println("HttpPushListener - ERROR : " +
}
/*
* Define callback handler for handling SIS notifications
*/
public class MyCallbackHandler extends com.sybase.
persistence.DefaultCallbackHandler
{
public int onSynchronize(ObjectList arg0,
SynchronizationContext arg1)
{
System.out.println("Called on Synchronize");
return SynchronizationAction.CONTINUE;
// returns SynchronizationAction.CONTINUE to proceed
this sync
}
public void onSynchronizeFailure(ObjectList arg0)
{
System.out.println("Called
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Reference
onSynchronizeFailure");
}
public void onSynchronizeSuccess(ObjectList arg0)
{
System.out.println("Called
onSynchronizeSuccess");
}
}
}
c. In the application, start the push listener, set up the connection profile for SIS and
synchronize SIS subscription to server:
public class PushClientApp extends Application
{
public static String MDSSERVER
= "localhost";
public static String MDSSERVERPORT
= "8080";
static
static
static
static
static
static
static
String
String
String
String
String
String
String
PROFILE_HTTP_PUSH_PROTOCOL
= "HTTPPUSH";
PROFILE_KEY_ADDRESS
= "address";
PROFILE_KEY_PROTOCOL
= "protocol";
PROFILE_KEY_APPNAME
= "appname";
PROFILE_KEY_DEVICE_ID
= "deviceId";
PUSH_HTTP_DEFAULT_DEVICE_PORT = "100";
DEVICE_ID
= "2100000a";
public static void main(String[] args)
{
PushClientApp app = new PushClientApp();
app.enterEventDispatcher();
}
Thread pushThread;
PushClientApp()
{
// Set the connection profile information
System.out.println("++++++++ Starting the client
+++++++");
ConnectionProfile syncprofile =
TestDB.getSynchronizationProfile();
syncprofile.setServerName("kpatilxp");
syncprofile.setPortNumber(2480);
syncprofile.save();
+++
// Login to the SUP server
TestDB.loginToSync("supAdmin", "s3pAdmin");
// Start the http push listener thread
pushThread = new Thread(new PushListener());
pushThread.start();
setPushConnectionProfile("Test:1.0", DEVICE_ID,
syncprofile, "PushClientApp");
// Enable SIS on the synchronization group
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SynchronizationGroup sg =
TestDB.getSynchronizationGroup("PushEnabled");
sg.setEnableSIS(true);
sg.setInterval(3);
sg.save(); // this will update the local db
server
// This will synchronize the SIS subscription to the
TestDB.synchronize();
System.out.println("++++ Synchronization succeeded +
+++++");
}
/*
* For now this assumes MDS is running on localhost
* Creates the URL for PUSH
*
* @param deviceid for SUP client
*/
public static String getHTTPPushAddress(String deviceid)
{
String mdsServer = MDSSERVER;
String mdsPort = MDSSERVERPORT;
}
StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer("http://");
result.append(mdsServer);
result.append(":");
result.append(mdsPort);
result.append("/push?DESTINATION=");
result.append(deviceid);
result.append("&PORT=");
result.append(PUSH_HTTP_DEFAULT_DEVICE_PORT);
return result.toString();
/**
* Sets up push settings for specified package's
* synchronization profile.
*
* @param packageName
*
the specified package name
* @return true if set up succesfully.
*/
private boolean setPushConnectionProfile(String
packageName,
String deviceId, ConnectionProfile syncProfile,
String appId)
{
try
{
String httpPushAddress =
getHTTPPushAddress(deviceId);
syncProfile.setProperty(PROFILE_KEY_ADDRESS,
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Reference
httpPushAddress);
syncProfile.setProperty(PROFILE_KEY_PROTOCOL,
PROFILE_HTTP_PUSH_PROTOCOL);
syncProfile.setProperty(PROFILE_KEY_APPNAME,
appId);
syncProfile.setProperty(PROFILE_KEY_DEVICE_ID,
deviceId);
syncProfile.save();
}
catch (Exception e)
{
System.out.println(">> setPushConnectionProfile Exception e : " + e);
return false;
}
}
return true;
Best Practices for Developing Applications
Observe best practices to help improve the success of software development for Sybase
Unwired Platform.
Set up your development environment and develop your application using the procedures in
the Developer Guide for BlackBerry.
Check Network Connection Before Login
Use offlineLogin to test the wireless connection before a login attempt is made. If the
wireless connection option has been switched off, the loginToSync call takes a long time
to fail when a wrong password is entered, with an 'Invalid Password' error message appearing
only after a timeout.
import net.rim.device.api.system.RadioInfo;
……
public class Test {
public static void main(String[] args) {
if (isWirelessConnected ())
{
XXDB.loginToSync(username, password);
}
else
{
boolean result = XXDB. offlineLogin(username, password);
if (result == false)
{
throw new Exception("Offline login failed");
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Sybase Unwired Platform
Reference
}
}
}
public static boolean isWirelessConnected()
{
boolean isWirelessConnected = true;
int state = RadioInfo.getState();
int signal = RadioInfo.getSignalLevel();
if (state == RadioInfo.STATE_OFF || state ==
RadioInfo.STATE_LOWBATT ||
signal == RadioInfo.LEVEL_NO_COVERAGE)
{
isWirelessConnected = false;
}
return isWirelessConnected;
}
}
If your application uses BES or BIS connectivity to connect to an Unwired Server from a
BlackBerry device, the application can automatically switch to use Wi-Fi when it becomes
available. If using a direct TCP connection, the application must explicitly specify a Wi-Fi
transport type.
DatabaseClass.getSynchronizationProfile().setString("transport",
"WIFI")
Constructing Synchronization Parameters
When constructing synchronization parameters to filter rows to be download to a device, if the
SQL statement involves two mobile business objects, you must use an "in" clause rather than a
"join" clause. Otherwise, when there is a joined SQL statement, all rows of the subsequent
mobile business object are filtered out.
For example, you would change this statement:
SELECT x.* FROM So_company x ,So_user y where x.company_id =
y.company_id and y.uname='test'
To:
SELECT x.* FROM So_company x where x.company_id in (select
y.company_id from So_user y where y.uname='test')
Clear Synchronization Parameters
When using synchronization parameters to retrieve data from an MBO during a
synchronization session, you may want to clear the previous synchronization parameter
values.
MBOSynchronizationParameters param =
<MBO>.SynchronizationParameters;
param.delete();
param = <MBO>.SynchronizationParameters; //must re-get the sync
parameter instance
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Reference
params.Param1 = value1; //set new sync parameter value
params.Param2 = value2; //set new sync parameter value
param.save();
Clear the Local Database
Each time you redeploy a package on the Unwired Server, the client application should clear
the local database. After clearing the database, login again so that the local database is
reconstructed.
XXDB.deleteDatabase();
XXDB.loginToSync(); //Don't forget to login again so that the local
database will be re-constructed.
Process Synchonized Data
When performing data synchronization, apply logic to the data that is synchronized.
import com.sybase.persistence.SyncStatusListener;
……
public class Test {
public static void main(String[] args) {
XXDB.loginToSync();
MySyncStatusListener myListener = new MySyncStatusListener();
XXDB.synchronize(myListener);
int receivedRowCount = myListener.getReceivedRowCount();
if (receivedRowCount > 0)
{
// handle the logic only if there is data
synchronized.
}
…
myListener.setReceivedRowCount(0); // reset row count
XXDB.synchronize(myListener);
…….
}
}
class MySyncStatusListener implements SyncStatusListener {
private int
_receivedRowCount = 0;
@Override
public boolean objectSyncStatus(ObjectSyncStatusData data) {
if (data.getReceivedRowCount() > 0)
{
_receivedRowCount = data.getReceivedRowCount();
}
return false;
}
public int getReceivedRowCount() {
return _receivedRowCount;
}
public void setReceivedRowCount(int receivedRowCount) {
this._receivedRowCount = receivedRowCount;
}
}
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Reference
Create a Custom Callback Handler
Create a custom callback handler if the application requires a callback (for example, to allow
the client framework to provide notification of synchronization results).
import com.sybase.persistence.DefaultCallbackHandler;
……
public class Test {
public static void main(String[] args) {
XXDB.loginToSync();
XXDB.registerCallbackHandler(new MyCallbackHandler());
GenericList sgs = new GenericList( 2 );
sgs.add(SortDB.getSynchronizationGroup("sg1"));
sgs.add(SortDB.getSynchronizationGroup("sg2"));
XXDB.beginSynchronize(sgs, new SynchronizationNotification());
}
}
class MyCallbackHandler extends DefaultCallbackHandler
{
public int onSynchronize(GenericList groups,
SynchronizationContext context)
{
if ( context == null )
{
return SynchronizationAction.CANCEL;
}
if (!(context.getUserContext() instanceof
SynchronizationNotification))
{
return super.onSynchronize(groups, context);
}
switch (context.getStatus())
{
case SynchronizationStatus.STARTING:
return beforeSynchronize(groups);
case SynchronizationStatus.FINISHING:
return afterSynchronize(groups);
default:
return SynchronizationAction.CONTINUE;
}
}
private int beforeSynchronize(GenericList groups)
{
// ..... logic before sync
if ( groups == null || groups.size() == 0 )
{
return SynchronizationAction.CANCEL;
}
return SynchronizationAction.CONTINUE;
}
private int afterSynchronize(GenericList groups)
{
// ..... logic after sync
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73
Reference
}
}
if ( groups == null || groups.size() == 0 )
{
return SynchronizationAction.CANCEL;
}
return SynchronizationAction.CONTINUE;
Turn Off API Logger
In production environments, turn off the API logger to improve performance.
XXDB.getLogger().setLogLevel(LogLevel.OFF);
74
Sybase Unwired Platform
Index
Index
A
AttributeMetaData 63
B
BES and BIS provisioning 28
BlackBerry
provisioning options 27
BlackBerry Java plug-in for Eclipse 15
BlackBerry Java Plug-in for Eclipse 8
BlackBerry JDE 16
BlackBerry JDE, download 9
BlackBerry MDS Simulator, download 9
BlackBerry project, creating 16
BlackBerry Simulator 9
build path 16
C
callback handlers 56
certificates 50
ClassMetaData 62
client database 59
common APIs 47
ConnectionProfile 31, 50
ConnectionProfile.EncryptionKey 51
create operation 40
createDatabase 59
D
database
client 59
DatabaseMetaData 62
debugging 22
Delete operation 41
deleteDatabase 59
dependencies 9
deployment 28
descriptor file 16
documentation roadmap
document descriptions 2
download 9
E
encryption key 51
entity states 46
error codes
EIS 59, 60
HTTP 59, 60
mapping of SAP error codes 60
non-recoverable 59
recoverable 59
exceptions
client-side 61
server-side 59
G
generated code contents 14
generated code, location 14
generateId 58
generating code using the API 10
getLastSynchronizationTime() 58
getLogRecords 54
H
HTTP error codes 59, 60
HTTP push gateway 63
I
isSynchronized() 58
J
JAR files
adding 16
sup-client-rim.jar 16
UltraLiteJ.jar 16
Javadocs 1
Javadocs, opening 31, 70
K
KeyGenerator 58
EIS error codes 59, 60
Developer Guide for BlackBerry
75
Index
L
local business object 44
local MBO 44
localization 24–26
LocalKeyGenerator 58
LogRecord API 54
LogRecordImpl 54
personalization keys 45
types 45
PersonalizationParameters 45
project build path 16
provisioning options
BlackBerry 27
Push Configuration APIs 64
M
Q
maxDbConnections 32
MBOLogger 22
MetaData API 61
mobile business object 44
mobile business object states 49
multilevel insert 42
QueryResultSet 39
N
newLogRecord 54
NoSuchAttributeException 61
NoSuchOperationException 61
O
Object API code
location of generated 14
Object Manager API 61
object query 35
ObjectManager 62
ObjectNotFoundException 61
OfflineLogin 33
Other operation 41
R
Refresh operation 49
relationships 39
S
signing 27
status methods 46
submitLogRecords 54
sup-client-rim.jar 16
synchronization groups 34
SynchronizationProfile 32, 33
SynchronizeException 61
U
UltraLiteJ.jar 16
Update operation 40
P
pending operation 42
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Sybase Unwired Platform
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