Impact Acoustics XT 5.0KW Owner's Manual

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Impact Acoustics XT 5.0KW Owner's Manual | Manualzz

X TREME POWER

CLASS D AMPLIFIER

AMPLIFIER

Owners Manual

XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW, XT 9.0KW

AMPLIFIERS

Thank you and Congratulations

Our amplifiers are the result of extensive engineering, testing, and bullet proof construction.

They feature the latest in D Class microprocessor technology. Their versatility enables compatibility with optional signal and audio processors. These high quality MOSFET amplifiers may be configured to allow maximum flexibility in designing different types of speaker systems.

D CLASS X-TREME AMPLIFIERS

Unlike most Full Range amplifiers, these models are designed strictly for low frequencies and are intended only to power subwoofers. It is important that you closely follow the wiring instructions contained in this Owners Manual so that you get the most from your

X-Treme D Class mobile amplifier.

∆ CAUTION ∆

High powered audio systems in a vehicle are capable of generating higher then “Live

Concert” levels of sound pressure. Continued exposure to excessively high volume sound levels will cause hearing loss or damage. Also, operation of a motor vehicle while listening to audio equipment at high volume levels may impair your ability to hear external sounds such as horns, warning signals, or emergency vehicles—thus creating a potential traffic hazard. In the interest of safety, We highly recommend listening at lower volume levels when driving.

TECHNICAL FEATURES

„ Mono Block Amplifier for Subwoofer

„ Latest Technology D Class Operation

„ MOSFET Power Supplies for high power output and best stability into low impedance loads

„ Internally Fan Cooled

„ Soft Delay Remote Turn On/Off System for eliminating pop noises

„ Built-in Fully Adjustable Electronic Crossover Network with Bass EQ

„ Self Diagnostic Multi Protection Circuit with LED Indicator for; Impedance Over-load, Speaker

Short Circuit, Thermal Overheating, and DC Output.

„ Real 1-ohm Stable Operation with Output Power Increasing

„ Heavy-duty Brass CNC Machined Terminal Blocks

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„ Bass EQ Control

„ Available Daisy Chain ( Set-to-Set Bridgeable at 2 ohm)

INSTALLATION EXPERIENCE

Installation of X-Treme mobile amplifiers requires detailed knowledge of electronics wiring and proper speaker impedance. We strongly recommend installation by an authorized X-Treme dealer.

This Owners Manual only provides general installation and operation instructions. If you have any reservations about your installation skills, please contact your local dealer for assistance.

PREPARING FOR INSTALLATION

NOTE: The tools listed below may be required for basic installation

ƒ An electric drill with bits

ƒ Philips head and standard screwdrivers

ƒ strippers

ƒ Crimping

ƒ VOM (electronic volt ohm meter)

ƒ Heat shrink tubing and gun

ƒ Soldering

INSTALLATION PRECAUTIONS

NOTE: Proceed only if you are qualified installer otherwise, let your dealer do it. Always wear protective eyewear when using tools.

ƒ Turn off all stereo and other electrical devices before you begin.

ƒ Disconnect the negative (-) lead from your vehicles battery.

ƒ Locate all fuel lines, brake lines, oil lines, and electrical cables when planning the install.

ƒ Make sure there is at least 2-inches (5 cm) around the air vents on the amplifier.

ƒ When connecting ground points, make sure all paint is carefully scrapped away from the auto body and contact is make with bare metal.

ƒ Use a utility knife to trim away fabric from hole locations before drilling or cutting.

ƒ When running power cables through sheet metal, be sure to use grommets to properly insulate the metal edges from the wire insulation.

ƒ If possible, use tubing through grommets.

*** WARNING *** z Upside down mounting will compromise heat dissipation through the heat sink and could engage the thermal protection circuit. z Try to avoid mounting the amplifier on a subwoofer enclosure, as extended exposure to vibration may cause malfunction of the amplifier. z Don’t mount the amplifier so that the wire connections are unprotected or are subject to pinching or damage from nearby objects. z The DC power wire must be fused at the battery positive (+) terminal connection.

Before making or breaking power connections at the amplifier power terminals, disconnect the

DC power wire at the battery end. z The power supply of the car audio system must be disconnected until the entire wiring

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and installation is completed.

CONTROL PANEL LAYOUT

Fig.1 Panel Layout (XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

Fig.1 Panel Layout (XT 9.0KW)

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1. IN/OUT (RCA) Jack

For strapping two of the same model X-Treme D Class amps together. Connect the input of the

MASTER to a suitable source via a shielded RCA interconnect cable and connect the MASTER

OUTPUT RCA jack to the corresponding RCA jack on the SLAVE amplifier. Then select the

MASTER/SLAVE switch properly.

2. MASTER/SLAVE Switch

Two like amplifiers can be connected together and bridged into a single 2-ohm (min) load. The level and frequency controls on the SLAVE amp will be disabled. Only the amplifier you select as the

MASTER will control these functions.

3. PHASE Control

This variable control can be used to correct any “phase” or “time delay” effect in the system by bringing the low frequency from the rear of the vehicle to the front.

4. GAIN Control

This control is used to match the input sensitivity of the amplifier to the particular source unit that you are using.

5. BASS EQ Control

This equalization circuit is used to enhance the low frequency response of the vehicle’s interior.

With up to 18dB of boost centered at 45 Hz, the BASS EQ can be adjusted to meet your own personal taste.

6. BASS REMOTE Jack

This is the connector port for the Remote Bass Control. When using this control set the BASS EQ control (#5) to the maximum 18 dB position. Now the amplifiers low frequency equalization circuit can be adjusted from the driver’s seat.

7. LPF (Low Pass Filter) Control

This control is continuously adjustable from 50 Hz through 400 Hz at 24 dB per octave.

8. SUB SONIC Control

This filter allows high pass of frequency and is adjustable from 20 Hz through 50 Hz to provide an extra level of speaker protection.

9. POWER Indicator

The clear L.E.D. lights BLUE when the power is on.

10. PROTECTION Indicator

This RED L.E.D. turns on when the built-in protection circuitry is activated. This indicates a problem with the system in relation to the amplifier.

11. LINE IN (RCA) Jacks

These RCA style input jacks are for use with source units that have RCA line level outputs. A

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source unit with a minimum output of 200mV is required for proper operation. However, this input will accept levels up to 6Vrms.

12. LINE OUT (RCA) Jacks

RCA style output jacks allow for a signal to be sent to other amplifiers in a daisy-chain configuration.

Only one Remote Bass Control can be used when multiple bass amplifiers are connected.

13. +BATT (Power Input Connection)

This terminal is the main power input for the amplifier and must be connected directly to the positive

(+) terminal of the car battery.

14. GND (Ground Input Connection)

A good quality ground is required for your X-Treme D Class amplifier to operate at peak performance. A short length of cable the same gauge as your power cable should be used to attach the ground terminal directly to the chassis of the vehicle. cable.

15. REMOTE (Remote Input Connection)

All Xtreme amplifiers can be turned on by applying 12 Volts to this terminal. This can be found on the rear of the source unit in the form of an electric antenna output, or a remote output. If this is not available you can wire to the ACC position on the key. A 1 mm2 wire is sufficient to run the

REMOTE.

16. SPEAKER Terminals

As shown in the wiring diagrams, be sure to observe speaker polarity through the system and speaker impedance. This specially tooled terminal is designed to accommodate up to 8 gauge speaker wire.

CAUTION :

Do Not Bridge the speaker outputs on these D Class models, this is already a Mono output!

WIRING AND CONNECTIONS

*** WARNING ***

Disconnect the negative (-) battery terminal before you start any wiring work! The power supply of your car audio system must be disconnected until the entire wiring installation is completed.

Your X-Treme D Class amp will draw large levels of current, so use the largest gauge power/ground cable as possible. Using too small of power cable can result in unnecessary overheating of the amplifier, distortion at high volume levels and might even cause the thermal protection circuitry to shut-off the amplifier.

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„ Use rubber grommets when running cables through any metal or sharp plastic, to prevent accidental shorting or shearing. Make sure the cables do not interfere with normal operation of the vehicle.

„ The audio signal cables (RCA interconnects) should be kept far away from any potential sources of electrical interference such as electronic vehicle management systems (relays, engine computers etc.) wiring harnesses, fuel pumps etc.

Power Input Connections

Fig.2 Panel Input Connection (XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

Fig.2 Panel Input Connection (XT 9.0KW)

This amplifier is designed to work within a 10 to 16.8 Volt DC range. Before any wires are connected, the vehicles electrical system should be checked for correct voltage supply with the help of a voltmeter.

First, check the voltage at the battery with the ignition in the OFF position. The voltmeter should read no less than 12 V. If your vehicles electrical system is not up to these specifications, we recommend having it checked by an auto electrician before any further installation. Once the vehicle

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is checked, make certain the correct cable gauge is used. We recommend using as large a gauge cable as possible.

Power

This amplifier should be wired directly to the vehicle battery using the appropriate size cable. Start at the vehicle battery and run the power cable through to the amplifier. Avoid running the power cable over engine components and near heater cores. The use of an inline fuse or circuit breaker is a must; this will prevent the risk of a potential fire caused by a short in your power cable. Connect the fuse holder or circuit breaker as close to the battery positive (+) terminal as possible (no further then 18” from that battery). This fuse or circuit breaker should be no greater then the sum of the fuses found on the chassis of your amplifier. You may now connect the cable to the battery, but remember to leave the fuse out or circuit breaker “off” until all other cable connections are made.

Ground

When grounding your amplifier, locate a metal area close to the amplifier that is good source of ground (preferable the floor pan). Once again, investigate the area you wish to use for electrical wires, vacuum lines, and brake or fuel lines. Use either a wire brush or sandpaper to eliminate unwanted paint for better contact of the ground.

Secure the ground cable to the body using a bolt, star washer and nut. Spread silicon over the screw and bare metal to prevent rust and possible water leaks.

Now it’s time to connect the power and ground cables to the amplifier.

Cut both cables to length. Strip off ½-inch (12mm) of the insulation so that the bare wire fits all the way in the terminal block on the side panel of the amplifier, seating it firmly so no bare wire is exposed. Use a Philips

(cross) type screwdriver to loosen the + BATT and the GND connections on the amplifier. Insert the ground first, and then the +12 V and please make sure that you place them into the correctly marked terminals. Then tighten the screws down securely.

Remote

This terminal must be connected to a switched +12 V source. Typically, remote turn-on leads are provided at the source unit that will turn on and off the amplifier in correspondence with the source.

If the source unit does not have a remote turn-on lead, then a power antenna wire can be used. If neither of these leads is available at the source unit, then a switched +12V supply must be used, like the ACC, +12 V.

Run a minimum of 18 gauge wire from the amplifier location to the source of the switched +12V lead. If possible, route this wire on the same side of the vehicle as your power cable. Connect the

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source remote output to the wire. Go back to the amplifier and cut the wire to length. Loosen the screw terminal marked REMOTE on the amplifier using a Philips (cross) type screwdriver. Insert the stripped (bare) portion of the wire into the terminal and tighten the screw securely.

RCA Interconnects

Fig.3 Low Level Input using RCA (XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

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Fig.3 Low Level Input using RCA (XT 9.0KW)

Choose the correct length and style of RCA interconnects for your needs. Always use high quality

RCA audio cables (not supplied) for signal connections—those with multiple layers of shielding or a twisted pair variety for better noise rejection.

Be extra careful when routing your RCA audio interconnect cables. Car environments are notorious for poorly insulated wires. This means that hiss, engine noise, and fan noise can easily be picked up through RCA cables if run incorrectly.

Make sure that the cables for power and audio signal are not on the same side of the vehicle and that they do no cross each other; this will help reduce any noise that may radiate from the power cable and the signal cable. If an audio cable is too close to a power cable, it may pick up the magnetic field generated by the power cable, which could lead to a loss of quality in your signal.

Bass EQ Remote Controller Connection

Fig.4 Connection with RJ45 Jack

Your X-Treme D Class amp includes a Remote Bass control module. It uses standard telephone wire and telephone RJ45 connectors. To connect the Remote Bass Control to the amplifier, simply insert one end of the telephone plug into the REMOTE BASS EQ port. Plug the other end into the remote module. Install the module within easy reach on or under your dash.

Speaker Output Connections

Single Voice Coil Subwoofer

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Fig.5 A Single Voice Coil Subwoofer (1~4 ohm)(XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

Fig.5 A Single Voice Coil Subwoofer (1~4 ohm)(XT 9.0KW)

Fig.6 A Single Voice Coil Subwoofer (1~4 ohm)(XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

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Fig.6 A Single Voice Coil Subwoofer (1~4 ohm)(XT 9.0KW)

Speaker Load

Keep in mind your X-Treme D Class amp is a high power amplifier and not a high current amplifier.

In other words it requires a minimum impedance of 1 ohm. Both speaker outputs are internally paralleled , thus a minimum speaker impedance of 2 ohms is required when using more then one of the speaker outputs. If you are unsure of calculating impedance loads please consult your X-

Treme dealer before damaging your amplifier.

Too low of an impedance could send your amplifier into protection mode and/or damage the amplifier.

Speaker Wiring

Choose the correct speaker wire for your application. We recommend a minimum of 8 gauge wire.

Route these using the same precautions as you did when you ran the power cable. Terminate these wires at the speaker end using insulated speaker terminals (not supplied) or by soldering the connection to the speaker. Be certain to maintain correct polarity throughout the system. Make sure the speaker connections are positive-to-positive and negative-to-negative. Most speaker wire has some indicator (color code, ribbing, or printing) on one of the two wires to help you distinguish the positive (+) and negative (-) leads.

At the amplifier end, insert the stripped (bare) speaker wires into the properly marked terminals.

Use a Philips (cross) screwdriver to loosen the speaker terminals on the amplifier. Make certain that no bare wire ends touch each other. Such contact could result in an electrical short and cause the amplifier to turn off (short circuit protection) or malfunction.

Fig.7 Gain Control

Input Gain Adjustment

This control allows you to match the input level of the amplifier to the output level of your head unit.

Matching the input can be accomplished in three simple steps:

1. Set the volume of GAIN on the amplifier to Min (completely counter clock wise).

2. Turn on the head unit and adjust volume to 2/3 maximum, and set the BASS and

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TREBLE to zero.

3. Adjust the GAIN control clockwise until the sound just begins to distort, then back off slightly to cut distortion and operate at optimum gain.

Remember, the gain control is not a volume control. Ignoring these three steps above may leave you with damaged speaker and/or a damaged amplifier.

Fig.8 Bass EQ Control

Bass EQ Adjustment

This special feature is designed to provide you more powerful sound quality, and it allows you to boost the real Bass EQ up to +18dB. Keep in mind that more is not always better. Setting the control to the max (18dB) will stress the amplifier and the speakers and could result in damage.

Low Pass Filter (LPF) Adjustment

Fig.9 Low Pass Control

The crossover frequency adjustment filters out frequencies that you don’t want your speaker(s) to reproduce. Using the LPF control, adjust the Low Pass Frequency to limit the amount of mid range you want going to your woofer(s). Since musical tastes vary, adjust the crossover by ear while listening to the music of your choice. Be sure to set the tone controls of your source unit to flat before adjusting the crossover.

Fig.10 Phase Control

Phase Adjustment

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This control helps to align the phase shift of a subwoofer for a smooth blending, without canceling the bass from other speakers or subwoofer(s). The Phase is continuously adjustable from 0 to 180 degrees.

Fig.11 Sub Sonic

Sub Sonic Filter Adjustment

This filter avoids the reproduction of inaudible low frequencies which could damage the subwoofer(s). The Sub Sonic filter is fully adjustable between 20Hz and 50Hz. Frequencies below

20 Hz are considered inaudible to the human ear.

HOW TO SET UP

1. A SINGLE VOICE COIL SUBWOOFER SPEAKER (XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

Don’t connect two 1 Ohm speaker simultaneously

1. A SINGLE VOICE COIL SUBWOOFER SPEAKER (XT 9.0KW)

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2. TWO SINGLE VOICE COIL SUBWOOFER SPEAKERS (XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

(Note: Don’t connect speaker impedance under 2 ohms)

2. TWO SINGLE VOICE COIL SUBWOOFER SPEAKERS (XT 9.0KW)

(Note: Don’t connect speaker impedance under 2 ohms)

3. MONO BLOCK INSTALLATION FOR DAISY CHAIN (XT 3.5KW, XT 5.0KW)

Main Unit

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Don’t connect two 1 Ohm speaker

NOTE: SPEAKER CONNECTION FOR DAISY CHAIN

ƒ The mono woofer must be connected between the speaker (+) terminals of the two amplifiers and use speaker wiring.

ƒ Install a wire link between the speaker (–) terminals of the two amplifiers.

If this is not done, the system will not function properly, and damage to the amplifiers may result.

ƒ Total impedance of speakers must be over 2 ohms . If the impedance drops under 2 ohms critical damage to the amplifier will occur.

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TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS

Problem Solution

Power LED not ON With a Volt Ohm Meter (VOM) check:

* +12 Volt power terminal (should read +11 to +15VDC

* Remote turn-on terminal (should read +7 to +16VDC)

* Ground Terminal

Power LED lights BLUE, no output * Check RCA connections

* Test speaker outputs with Well known good speaker

* Substitute Well known good Source Unit

* Check for signal on the RCA cable with VOM

Protection LED is ON, no output and in AC position

1. Amp is VERY HOT * Thermal protection is engaged. Check for proper

Impedance at speaker terminals. Also check for

Adequate air flow around the amplifier.

2. Amp shuts down ONLY when the * Voltage protection engaged. Voltage to the amp is vehicle is running

3. Amp plays at very low volume not within the 10-15 VDC operating range. Have the battery /charging system inspected.

*Short circuit protection is engaged. Check for speaker wires shorted to each other or the vehicle chassis.

Speakers operating below the minimum impedance an cause this to occur.

Alternator noise (varies with RPM) * Check for damaged RCA cable.

* Check routing of RCA cable

* Check Source Unit for good ground

* Check amp gain setting, turn down if set too high

Poor Bass Response * Check speaker polarity, reverse the connection of one speaker only.

NOTE: If the Red protection L.E.D. is activated with no speakers connected to the amplifier, and all the power connections are correct, this would indicate an internal problem with the amplifier..

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SPECIFICATIONS FOR XTREME MODELS

(Due to Constant Improvement, Specifications and Parameters are subject to change without notice)

X-Treme D Class Models XT 3.5KW XT 5.0KW XT 9.0KW

Power Output @ 14.4 VDC Input

4 Ohms RMS at THD 0.5%

2 Ohms RMS at THD 0.5%

1 Ohm RMS at THD 0.5%

1.300W x 1 or

650W x 2

2.200W x 1 or

1.10W x 2

3.500W x 1 or

1.750W x 2

1.900W x 1 or

950W x 2

3.500W x 1 or

1.750W x 2

5.000W x 1 or

2.500W x 2

2.800W x 1

5.400W

9.300W

Signal to Noise Ratio

Frequency Response

>80dB

10Hz ~ 500Hz

±

1dB

<90dB

15Hz ~ 400Hz

±

3dB

Crossover

Low Pass Filter 50Hz ~ 450Hz 50Hz ~ 400Hz

Crossover Slope

Sub Sonic Filter

Bass EQ at 45Hz

Input Gain Control

24dB Octave

20Hz ~ 50Hz

0 ~ 18dB

0.2V ~ 6.0V

Low Level Input Impedance 22K Ohms

Damping Factor 300 into 4 Ohms

213 into 4 Ohms

Dimensions

Width (W) x

Height (H) x

265mm

63mm

324mm

65.5mm

Remarks:

Length (L) mm 530mm 650mm 950mm

Due to continuing improvements these specifications are subject to change without any notice.

Please note that the features shown in this manual may vary from model to model.

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