PJ1002C-LCD USER MANUAL VOLUME1 Manufactured by R.V.R ELETTRONICA S.p.A. Italy File Name: PJ1002C-LCD_ING_1.0.indb Version: 1.0 Date: 30/12/2015 Revision History Date Version 30/10/2015 1.0 Reason First Version Editor J. H. Berti PJ1002C-LCD - User Manual Version 1.0 © Copyright 2015 R.V.R. Elettronica SpA Via del Fonditore 2/2c - 40138 - Bologna (Italia) Telephone: +39 051 6010506 Fax: +39 051 6011104 Email: [email protected] Web: www.rvr.it All rights reserved Printed and bound in Italy. No part of this manual may be reproduced, memorized or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanic, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission of the copyright owner. Declaration of Conformity Hereby, R.V.R. Elettronica SpA, declares that this FM transmitter is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC. PJ1002C-LCD DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY We, the undersigned, Manufacturer’s Name: R.V.R. Elettronica SpA Manufacturer’s Address: Via del Fonditore 2/2c Zona Ind. Roveri 40138 Bologna Italy Certify and declare under our sole responsibility that the product: Product Description: FM Solid State Transmitter for Broadcast service Model: PJ1002C-LCD Frequency Range: 87.5 - 108.0 MHz RF Power Output: 50 ÷ 1000 W when used for its intended purpose, is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 99/5/CE “R&TTE”, and therefore carries the “CE” mark. The conformity assessment procedure referred in Article 10 and detailed in Annex III of Directive 99/5/EC has been followed. The following harmonized standard have been applied: ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (3.1b): EN 301 489-1 V1.9.2 (2011-09) + EN 301 489-11 V1.3.1 (2006-05) Safety (3.1a): EN 60215 (1997-10) + EN 60065 (2011-01) The technical documentation is held at the location above, as required by the conformity assessment Bologna, Italy, 30/05/2014 Ravagnani Stefano Technical Manager R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. Rev. 1.1 - 30/05/2014 User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 PJ1002C-LCD Technical Specification PJ1002C-LCD U.M. Value MHz W dBc °C 87.5 ÷ 108 1000 <76 (80 typical) 0 to + 50 (operational -10) AC Supply Voltage VAC Mono phase 230 ±15% AC Apparent Power Consumption VA 1450 Active Power Consumption W % 1420 Typical 70 0,998 Terminal Block Weight mm mm mm mm kg 483 (19") 88 516 500 about 11 Cooling type Potenza dissipata in calore Acoustic Noise W dBA Forced, with internal fan 400 <75 Ohm W W N type 50 13 15 Parameters Conditions GENERALS Frequency range Rated output power Spurious & harmonic suppression Ambient working temperature POWER REQUIREMENTS Power supply type AC Power Input Overall efficiency Power Factor Connector MECHANICAL DIMENSIONS Front panel width Phisical Dimensions Front panel height Overall depth Chassis depth VARIOUS RF INPUT RF Input Driver power for rated output Max input power before protection Connector Impedance RF OUTPUTS RF Output RF Monitor Ohm Connector Impedance Output Level AUXILIARY CONNECTIONS FUSES 7/8"flange type 50 BNC 50 approx. -60 Connector Impedance Ohm dB Interlock Connector 2 x BNC Service I2Cbus Telemetry Interface Connector DB9 F DB9 F DB25F Connector Connector HUMAN INTERFACE Input device Display 19" EIA rack Leq 3 min @ 1 m Referred to the RF output For remote power inhibition (short is RF off) Factory reserved for firmware program 4 pushbutton Alphanumerical LCD - 2 x 16 TELEMETRY / TELECONTROL Pulse to GND Analogical level Remote connector outputs Open Collector Command ON Command OFF Alarm Reset FWD power REF power VPA IPA Status ON Status OFF Power Good 1 Power Good 2 Wait Fault Local Interlock ii (*) Full range (**) Internal switch 2 External fuse F 10 - 6x30 mm On Mains On services On PA Supply On Aux VDE socket Telemetry connector inputs Meets or exceeds all FCC and CCIR rules Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 Pin 8 Pin 20 Pin 11 Pin 16 Pin 4 Pin 2 Pin 15 Pin 25 Pin 12 Pin 9 Pin 22 Pin 18 Pin 10 Pin 17 Pin 23 Pin 5 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD Table of Contents 1. 2. 3. 3.1 3.2 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 6. 6.1 7. 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Preliminary Instructions Warranty First Aid Treatment of electrical shocks Treatment of electrical Burns General Description Unpacking Features Frontal Panel Description Rear Panel Description Connectors Description Quick guide for installation and use Preparation First power-on and setup Operation Management Firmware Identification and Access to the Modules Identification of the Modules Working Principles Panel Card Telemetry Card Power Amplifier Control Card Low Pass Filter Card Bias Card User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 5 6 7 9 9 11 13 15 22 22 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 iii PJ1002C-LCD This page was intentionally left blank iv Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD IMPORTANT The symbol of lightning inside a triangle placed on the product, evidences the operations for which is necessary gave it full attention to avoid risk of electric shocks. The symbol of exclamation mark inside a triangle placed on the product, informs the user about the presence of instructions inside the manual that accompanies the equipment, important for the efficacy and the maintenance (repairs). Make sure both are properly connected. 1. Preliminary Instructions Operation of this equipment in a residential area may cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. • General Warnings This equipment should only be operated, installed and maintained by “trained” or “qualified” personnel who are familiar with risks involved in working on electric and electronic circuits. “Trained” means personnel who have technical knowledge of equipment operation and who are responsible for their own safety and that of other unqualified personnel placed under their supervision when working on the equipment. “Qualified” means personnel who are trained in and experienced with equipment operation and who are responsible for their own safety and that of other unqualified personnel placed under their supervision when working on the equipment. The specifications and data contained herein are provided for information only and are subject to changes without prior notice. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. disclaims all warranties, express or implied.While R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. attempts to provide accurate information, it cannot accept responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies in this manual, including the products and the software described herein. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. reserves the right to make changes to equipment design and/or specifications and to this manual at any time without prior notice. WARNING: Residual voltage may be present inside the equipment even when the ON/OFF switch is set to Off. Before servicing the equipment, disconnect the power cord or switch off the main power panel and make sure the safety earth connection is connected. Some service situations may require inspecting the equipment with live circuits. Only trained and qualified personnel may work on the equipment live and shall be assisted by a trained person who shall keep ready to disconnect power supply at need. This product is a radio transmitter suitable for frequencymodulation audio radio broadcasting. Its operating frequencies are not harmonised in designated user countries. Before operating this equipment, user must obtain a licence to use radio spectrum from the competent authority in the designated user country. Operating frequency, transmitter power and other characteristics of the transmission system are subject to restrictions as specified in the licence. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. shall not be liable for injury to persons or damage to property resulting from improper use or operation by trained/untrained and qualified/unqualified persons. WARNING: The equipment is not water resistant. Any water entering the enclosure might impair proper operation. To prevent the risk of electrical shock or fire, do not expose this equipment to rain, dripping or moisture. Please observe local codes and fire prevention rules when installing and operating this equipment. WARNING: This equipment contains exposed live parts involving an electrical shock hazard. Always disconnect power supply before removing any covers or other parts of the equipment. Ventilation slits and holes are provided to ensure reliable operation and prevent overheating; do not obstruct or cover these slits. Do not obstruct the ventilation slits under any circumstances. The product must not be incorporated in a rack unless adequate ventilation is provided or the manufacturer’s instructions are followed closely. WA R N I N G : T h i s e q u i p m e n t c a n r a d i a t e radiofrequency energy and, if not installed in compliance with manual instructions and applicable regulations, may cause interference with radio communications. WARNING: This equipment is fitted with earth connections both in the power cord and for the chassis. User Manual • Notice concerning product intended purpose and use limitations. 2. Warranty La R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. warrants this product to be free from defects in workmanship and its proper operation subject to the limitations set forth in the supplied Terms and Conditions. Please read the Terms and Conditions carefully, as purchase of the product or acceptance of the order acknowledgement imply acceptance of the Terms and Conditions. For the latest updated terms and conditions, please visit our web site at WWW.RVR.IT. The web site may be modified, removed or updated for any reason whatsoever without prior notice. The warranty will become null and void in the event the product enclosure is opened, the product is physically damaged, is repaired by unauthorised persons or is used for purposes other than its intended use, as well as in the event of improper use, unauthorised changes or neglect. In the event a defect is found, follow this procedure: 1 Contact the seller or distributor who sold the equipment; provide a description of the problem or malfunction for the event a quick fix is available. Sellers and Distributors can provide the necessary information to troubleshoot the most frequently encountered problems. Normally, Sellers and Distributors can offer a faster repair service than the Manufacturer would. Please note that Sellers can pinpoint problems due to wrong installation. 2 If your Seller cannot help you, contact R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. and describe the problem; if our staff deems it appropriate, you will receive an authorisation to return the equipment along with suitable instructions; 3 When you have received the authorisation, you may return the unit. Pack the unit carefully before shipment; use the original packaging whenever possible and seal the package perfectly. The customer bears all risks of loss (i.e., R.V.R. shall not be liable for loss or damage) until the package reaches the R.V.R. factory. For this reason, we recommend insuring the goods for their full value. Returns must be sent on a C.I.F. basis (PREPAID) to the address stated on the authorisation as specified by the R.V.R. Service Manager. Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD Units returned without a return authorisation may be rejected and sent back to the sender. • Do not stop chest compressions while giving artificial breathing. 4 Be sure to include a detailed report mentioning all problems you have found and copy of your original invoice (to show when the warranty period began) with the shipment. • Call for medical help as soon as possible. 3.1.2 Please send spare and warranty replacement parts orders to the address provided below. Make sure to specify equipment model and serial number, as well as part description and quantity. R.V.R. Elettronica S.p.A. Via del Fonditore, 2/2c 40138 BOLOGNA ITALY Tel. +39 051 6010506 3. First Aid 3.1 Electric shock treatment 3.1.1 If the victim is unconscious Lay the victim down on his/her back on a firm surface. • the neck and tilt the head backwards to free Cover victim with a blanket. • Try to reassure the victim. • Loosen the victim’s clothing and have him/her lie down. • Call for medical help as soon as possible. 3.2 Treatment of electric burns 3.2.1 Large burns and broken skin Follow the first aid procedures outlined below. • • All personnel engaged in equipment installation, operation and maintenance must be familiar with first aid procedures and routines. If the victim is conscious • Cover affected area with a clean cloth or linen. • Do not break any blisters that have formed; remove any clothing or fabric that is stuck to the skin; apply adequate ointment. • Administer adequate treatment for the type of accident. • Get the victim to a hospital as quickly as possible. • Elevate arms and legs if injured. If medical help is not available within an hour, the victim is conscious and is not retching, administer a solution of table salt and baking soda (one teaspoon of table salt to half teaspoon of baking soda every 250 ml of water). the airway system (Figure 1). Have the victim slowly drink half a glass of solution for four times during a period of 15 minutes. Stop at the first sign of retching. Do not administer alcoholic beverages. Figure 1 • If needed, open the victim’s mouth and check for breathing. • If there is no breathing, start artificial respiration without delay (Figure 2) as follows: tilt the head backwards, pinch the nostrils, seal your mouth around the victim’s mouth and give four fast rescue breaths. 3.2.2 Minor burns • Apply cold (not ice cold) strips of gauze or dress wound with clean cloth. • Do not break any blisters that have formed; remove any clothing or fabric that is stuck to the skin; apply adequate ointment. • If needed, have the victim change into clean, dry clothing. • Administer adequate treatment for the type of accident. • Get the victim to a hospital as quickly as possible. • Elevate arms and legs if injured. Figure 2 • / 24 Check for heartbeat (Figure 3); if there is no heartbeat, begin chest compressions immediately (Figure 4) placing your hands in the centre of the victim’s chest (Figure 5). Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 • One rescuer: give 2 quick rescue breaths after each 15 compressions. • Two rescuers: one rescue breath after each 5 compressions. Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 4. General Descriprion The PJ1002C-LCD ����������� is an radio broadcasting amplifier manufactured by R.V.R. Elettronica SpA featuring adjustable RF power output up to 1000 W under 50 Ohm standard load and less than 15 W drive power requirement�. The PJ1002C-LCD are designed to being contained into a 19” rack box of 2HE. 4.1 Unpacking The package contains: 1 PJ1002C-LCD 1 User Manual 1 Mains power cables The following accessories are also available from Your R.V.R. Dealer: • Accessories, spare parts and cables 4.2 Features The amplifier incorporates a low-pass filter to keep harmonics below the limits provided for by international standards (CCIR, FCC or ETSI). Two major features of PJ1002C-LCD are compact design and user-friendliness. Another key feature is its modular-concept design: the different functions are performed by modules with most connections achieved through male and female connectors or through flat cables terminated by connectors. This design facilitates maintenance and module replacement. The RF power section uses one MOSFET module (MRFE6VP61K25H) able to deliver over 1000W depending the version. An LCD on the front panel and a push-button panel provide for user interfacing with the microprocessor control system, which implements the following features: • Output power setup. • Power output enable/disable. •���������������������������������������������������������������������� User-selectable threshold settings for output power alarm (Power Good feature) • Measurement and display of amplifier operating parameters. • Communication with external devices such as programming or telemetry systems via RS232 serial interface or I2C. User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD Four LEDs on the front panel provide the following status indications: ON, FAULT, FOLDBACK and RF MUTE. The amplifier management firmware is based on a menu system. User has four navigation buttons available to browse submenus: ESC , , , ed ENTER. The rear panel features the mains input connectors, RF power input and output connectors, remote connector, protection fuse, interlock input and interlock output connectors and a BNC connector that provides an RF test point with level being -60 dBc lower than power ouput. / 24 Note: the air filter, present on the front panel, could clog over time and has an indicative duration of two years. Any less, it can be caused by environmental conditions where is located the following device and is strongly reccomended to replace it with an identical model (mod. 461F of AIR TOP ITALIAN). With the machine it is supplied a spare. It is absolutely forbidden to operate the machine without filter, otherwise the warranty expire immediately. Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 4.3 Frontal Panel Description MOD. PJ1002C-LCD MADE IN ITALY BOLOGNA ON LOCK FOLDBACK RF MUTE ON ESC ENTER OFF POWER Figure 4.1  AIR FLOW  ON  LOCK  FOLDBACK  R.F. MUTE  CONTRAST  POWER  ESC    ENTER  DISPLAY User Manual Air flow for the forced ventilation. Green LED, lit when the amplifier is working. Red LED, lit when the equipment is in lockdown mode due to a permanent failure. Yellow LED, lit when the foldback function is operating (automatic reduction of the delivered RF power). Yellow LED, lit when the amplifier’s power output is inhibited by an external interlock command. Display contrast adjusting trimmer (on the top of the equipment). ON/OFF switch. Push button to exit from a menu. Push button to move in the menu system and to modify the parameters. Push button to move in the menu system and to modify the parameters. Push button to confirm a parameter and to enter in a menu. Liquid crystals display. Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD 4.4 Rear Panel Description R.F. TEST -60dBc R.F. OUTPUT 50Ω INTERLOCK IN INTERLOCK OUT ² INPUT PWR REMOTE Model Type ------Serial n° --------Date ----------Options --------- Figure 4.2  R.F. OUTPUT  R.F. TEST RF output connector, type 7/8” EIA Flange, 50Ω. Output with level -60 dBc lower than output power level, suitable for modulation monitoring. Not suitable for spectrum analysis.  RS232������������������ Normally not used.  I2C BUS Normally not used.  AGC FWD Trimmer for adjusting of automatic gain control related to forward power, when it is interfaced with other apparatuses.  COMMON BUS������������������������������������������������������ DB25 connector for interconnection with other devices�.  REMOTE DB15 connector for telemetry of the machine.  INTERLOCK IN Interlock input BNC connector: to inhibit the amplifier from an external device, like a possible next amplifier.  INTERLOCK OUT Interlock output BNC connector: to inhibit an external device, as an exciter. In case of fault, the inner connector is shorted to ground. INPUT PWR RF input connector, N-type, 50Ω. MAINS FUSE Mains power supply fuse. MAINS FUSE Mains power supply fuse. AIR FLOW Air flow for the forced ventilation. MODEM������������������ Normally not used. SERVICE DB9 connector only for factory programming. L ADJ������������������ Normally not used. R ADJ������������������ Normally not used. TOSLINK������������������ Normally not used. AES/EBU������������������ Normally not used. GSM ANT������������������ Normally not used. MAINS SWITCH Mains power switch. MAINS Connectors for 230 V (+/- 15%) 50-60 Hz mains power supply. / 24 Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 4.5 Connectors Description 4.5.1 Remote Type: Female DB25 1 NC 2 RF power amplifier voltage 3,9V x 40V 3 GND GND 4 Reflected Power 3.9V x 50W 5 Interlock Out Signals the activation by grounding the contact normally open 6 NC 7 GND GND 8 “On” Command A pulse to ground (500 ms) delivers power output 9 Set 1 (FWD Power Good 1) 10 WAIT Signals the activation by grounding the contact normally open 11 Reset alarm 12 OFF A pulse to ground (500 ms) indicates the inhibit of power output 13 Interlock Signals the activation by grounding the contact normally open 14 NC 15 RF power amplifier current 3.9V x 34 A 16 Forward Power 3.9V x 1000W 17 FAULT Signals the activation by grounding the contact normally open 18 Set 3 (RFL Power Good 3) 19 NC 20 “OFF” Command A pulse to ground (500 ms) inhibits power output 21 GND GND 22 Set 2 (FWD Power Good 2) 23 LOC Signals the activation by grounding the contact normally open 24 +Vcc 25 ON A pulse to ground (500 ms) indicates the deliver of power output User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD 4.5.2 I2C Bus Type: Male DB9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 NC SDA SCL NC GND NC NC NC NC Serial DAta Serial CLock GND 4.5.3 Service (for programming of factory parameters) Type: Female DB9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 NC TX_D RX_D Internally connected with 6 GND Internally connected with 4 Internally connected with 8 Internally connected with 7 NC 4.5.4 COM BUS Type: Male DB15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 / 24 GND NC NC NC PWR REG NC NC NC NC NC NC NC NC NC NC Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 5. Quick guide for installation and use This section provides a step-by-step description of equipment installation and configuration procedure. Follow these procedures closely upon first power-on and each time any change is made to general configuration, such as when a new transmission station is added or the equipment is replaced. Once the desired configuration has been set up, no more settings are required for normal operation; at each power-up (even after an accidental shutdown), the equipment defaults to the parameters set during the initial configuration procedure. The topics covered in this section are discussed at greater length in the next sections, with detailed descriptions of all hardware and firmware features and capabilities. Please see the relevant sections for additional details. IMPORTANT: When configuring and testing the transmitter in which the equipment is integrated, be sure to have the Final Test Table supplied with the equipment ready at hand throughout the whole procedure; the Final Test Table lists all operating parameters as set and tested at the factory. 5.1 Preparation 5.1.1 Preliminary checks Unpack the amplifier and immediately inspect it for transport damage. Ensure that all connectors are in perfect condition. The main fuse can be accessed from the outside on the rear panel. Extract the fuse carrier with a screwdriver to check its integrity or for replacement, if necessary. The following fuses are used: PJ1002C-LCD @ 230 Vac MAINS FUSE (2x) F 10A type 6x30 Table 5.1: Fuse The main power supply unit is the full-range type and requires no voltage setup. Provide for the following (applicable to operating tests and putting into service): √ Single-phase 230 (-15% / +10%) Vac mains power supply, with adequate earth connection. User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD √ For operating tests only: dummy load with 50 Ohm impedance and adequate capacity (1000W for PJ10002C-LCD as a minimum). √ Connection cable kit including: • Mains power cable. • Coaxial cable with BNC connectors for interlock signal connection between exciter and amplifier. • RF cable for output to load / antenna (50 Ohm coaxial cable with standard 7/8” connector). 5.1.2 Connections Connect the output of a suitable FM exciter (for instance, TEX30LCD exciter available from R.V.R. Elettronica) to the RF input using a 50 Ohm coaxial cable with “N”-type connectors. To begin with, set exciter to minimum output power and switch if off. Connect the amplifier INTERLOCK OUT output to the matching INTERLOCK IN input fitted on all R.V.R. Elettronica exciters as standard; if your exciter is a different brand, identify an equivalent input. Connect the RF output to an adequately rated dummy load or to the antenna. ² Figure 5.2: connections with amplifier 10 / 24 WARNING: Electric shock hazard! Never handle the RF output connector when the equipment is powered on and no load is connected. Injury or death may result. Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD Ensure that the POWER switch on the front panel is set to “OFF”. Connect the mains power cable to the MAINS terminal board on the rear panel. Note : The mains must be equipped with adequate ground connection properly connected to the machine. This is a pre-requisite for ensuring operator safety and correct operation. WARNING: The power supply connector is a terminal board. Ensure the wire is not live before performing the connection. 5.2 First power-on and setup Follow this procedure upon first power-on and after making changes to the configuration of the transmitter in which the amplifier is integrated. Note : Standard factory settings are RF output power off (Pwr OFF) and regulated output power set to upper limit (unless otherwise specified by customer). 5.2.1 Pilot exciter setup Set up the pilot exciter so that the output power it delivers to a matched load equals the maximum input power indicated in the amplifier final test table, switch off the exciter and connect it to the amplifier. 5.2.2 Power-on When you have performed all of the connections described in the previous paragraph, power on the amplifier using the suitable power switch on the front panel. Power on the pilot exciter. 5.2.3 Power check Ensure that the ON light turns on. Machine name should appear briefly on the display, quickly followed by forward and reflected power readings. If RF output is disabled, these readings will be zero�. 5.2.4 How to enable the RF output Check current mode setting and enable Local mode (if not already enabled) following menu path Fnc ⇒ Loc ⇒ Local: if left disabled, the machine will not accept the next commands. User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 11 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD Check current RF output setting and enable output (if not already enabled) following menu path Fnc ⇒ Pwr ⇒ ON. Check output power level and set to maximum level (if not already set to maximum) from the Power Setup Menu, which you can call up by pressing these keys in the order: ESC (opens Default Menu) ⇒ ENTER (hold down for 2 seconds) ⇒ SET ⇒ use key to set bar to maximum limit�. 5.2.5 RF output power level control IMPORTANT: The amplifier incorporates Automatic Gain Control and output power is modulated based on the power level set by the user and actual operating conditions, such as temperature, reflected power and other parameters. Drive power must be kept steady at maximum output power capacity. Please read the following section for more details of RF power modulation. Open the Power setup menu pressing the following keys in the order: ESC (opens Default Menu) ⇒ ENTER (hold down for 2 seconds). Use SET menu and keys to set the desired amplifier output power; the SET bar at the side provides a graphic display of set power, whereas the forward power value shown on the display (Fwd: xxxx W) gives actual output power reading, and may be lower than set power if an Automatic Gain Control is in limitedpower mode (please read the following section concerning RF power modulation for more details”. Note : Output power can also be set in a Pwr OFF condition; in this condition, (Fwd) output power reading on the display will be 0 (zero), whereas the SET bar, which you can control using the keys, provides a graphic display of the amount of power that will be delivered the moment you switch back to Pwr ON state�. 5.2.6 Changing the Power Good alarm threshold Change Forward Power Good alarm setting PgD from the Fnc menu as desired (factory setting is 50%). 5.2.7 Setting equipment I2C address Change the IIC address in the MIX (Miscellaneous) menu as desired (factory setting is 01). 12 / 24 Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 5.2.8 How to enable Remote mode If you wish to use the telemetry control feature, enable Remote control in the Fnc menu. Note : In the Remote mode, all local push-button controls except Remote/Local (for switching back to Local mode) are disabled . Operating parameter readings are available. 5.3 Operation 1) Power on the amplifier and ensure that the ON light turns on. Machine name should appear briefly on the display, quickly followed by forward and reflected power readings (Menu 1), provided that the amplifier is delivering output power��. Menu 1 1b) ��� To modify power level setting, hold down the ENTER button until opening the power setup menu. The edit screen will look like this: Menu 2 Next to SET indication, a bar provides a graphic display of preset output power. The filled portion of the bar is proportional to set power level. Example 100% output power Full bar ≅ 1000W in output 50% output power Half bar ≅ 500W in output 25% output power 1/4 bar ≅ 250W in output The bottom line provides instantaneous power reading (1007W in this instance); press button to increase level, press to decrease it. When you have achieved the desired level, press ENTER to confirm and exit the default menu. Please note that the setting is stored automatically; in other words, if you press ESC or do not press any keys before the preset time times out, the latest power level set will be retained. User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 13 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD NOTE: This feature prevents the machine from delivering maximum power as soon as output is enabled from menu 4, or in the event the machine is already set to ON and energised. 2) Ensure that machine is not in a locked-out state. Press the ESC key to call up the selection screen (Menu 3). Highlight Fnc and press ENTER to confirm and access the appropriate menu (menu 4). If LOC is set to REMOTE (machine remote control), move cursor to LOC and press ENTER; label will change to LOCAL, i.e. local control operation mode. In the same menu, ensure that power limiting is disabled: if PWR is set to OFF, i.e. power output is disabled, move cursor to PWR. Press ENTER and label will switch to ON, i.e. power output enabled. Press ESC twice to go back to the default menu (menu 1)�. 3) Fine tune power setting from menu 2 (see description of item 1b) until achieving the desired value�. ����������������������������������������������������������������������� WARNING: Machine is capable of delivering more than rated output power (1000 W); however, never exceed the specified power rating. NOTE: Exciter drive power setting should never exceed 15 W, or it will trigger an Overdrive Alarm. NOTE: If power is set to 0 W in the edit mode, the INTERLOCK OUT contact trips and external exciter power is immediately inhibited�. Next, you can review all operating parameters of the machine through the management firmware. Normally, the machine can run unattended. Any alarm condition is handled automatically by the safety system or is signalled by the LED indicators on the panel or by display messages. 14 / 24 NOTE: Standard factory settings are: output power set to upper limit (unless otherwise specified by customer) and OFF. Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 5.4 Management Firmware The machine features an LCD with two lines by 16 characters that displays a set of menus. Figure 5.2 below provides an overview of machine menus. The symbols listed below appear in the left portion of the display as appropriate: (Cursor) - Highlights selected (i.e. accessible) menu. (Filled arrow) - Editable parameter marker. This symbol appears in menus that take up more than two lines to aid browsing. (Three empty arrows) - Parameter is being edited. (Empty arrow) - Current line marker; the parameter in this line cannot be edited. This symbol appears in menus that take up more than two lines to aid browsing. Menu 2 Menu 1 Default Menu Power Setup Menu Menu 3 Selection Screen Menu 4 Operation Menu Menu 5 Power Menu Menu 6 P.A. Menu Menu 7 Alarm Menu Menu 8 Miscellaneous menu Menu 9 Version Menu Figure 5.2 When the display is off, touching any key will turn on backlighting. When the display is on, pressing the ESC button from the default menu (menu 1) calls up the selection screen (menu 3), which gives access to all other menus�: User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 15 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD Menu 3 To gain access to a submenu, select menu name (name is highlighted by cursor) using button or and press the ENTER button. Press ESC again to return to the default menu (menu 1)�. ��������������������������� 5.4.1 Operation Menu (Fnc) In this menu, you can set power output On/Off, toggle between “Local” or “Remote” control mode and set the Forward Power Good (PgD) threshold rate. To edit an item, highlight the appropriate line using the UP and DOWN buttons and then press and hold the ENTER button until the command is accepted. This way, Pwr setting is toggled between On and Off and Mod setting is toggled between “x1” and “x10”. To edit the Power Good rate, simply select item “PgD” and edit its value using buttons and ; finally, press ENTER to confirm. Menu 4 Pwr 16 / 24 Enables (ON) or disables (OFF) amplifier power output.. Loc Modifies machine operation. In the LOCAL mode, the machine can read and modify its operating parameters through the navigation keys and the management firmware, whereas all other sources are locked out. In the REMOTE mode, the machine can only read its operating parameters; parameters are modified based on the commands received from other connected telemetry systems. Pg1 Modifies Power Good threshold for forward power. The Power Good rate is a percent of equipment rated power (1000W for PJ1002C-LCD), not of forward output power. This means that this threshold set at 50% Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD will give 500 W, respectively, regardless of set power level. The Power Good feature enables output power control and reporting. When output power drops below set Power Good threshold, the equipment changes the state of pin  of the DB25 “Remote” connector located on the rear panel�. Pg2 Like Pg1 , modifies a second Power Good threshold for forward power. When output power drops below set Power Good threshold, the equipment changes the state of pin  of the DB25 “Remote” connector located on the rear panel�. Pg2 Like Pg1, modifies Power Good threshold for reflected power. When output power drops below set Power Good threshold, the equipment changes the state of pin  of the DB25 “Remote” connector located on the rear panel�. Pg4 Like Pg1 , modifies a second Power Good threshold for reflected power. 5.4.2 Power Menu (Pwr) This screen holds all readings related to machine output power: Menu 5 Fwd Rfl Inp Forward power reading. Reflected power reading. Input power reading. Note that these are readings, rather than settings, and cannot be edited (note the empty arrow). To change power setting, go to the default menu (menu 1) as outlined earlier. 5.4.3 Power Amplifier (P.A) Menu This screen is made up of four lines that can be scrolled using the buttons , shows the readings relating to final power stage: User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 and 17 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD Menu 6 Note that these are readings, rather than settings, and cannot be edited (note the empty arrow)�. VPA IPA Voltage supplied to amplifier module. Current absorbed to amplifier module. Eff Efficiency based on ratio of forward power to amplifier module power in percent ( FWD PWR/(Vpa x Ipa) % ). Tmp Machine internal temperature�. 5.4.4 Alarm Menu (Alm) This menu shows any alarm conditions occurring during machine operation. Alarm thresholds are preset at the factory. Menu 7 FWD RFL INP Counter of alarm conditions triggered by forward power. Counter of alarm conditions triggered by reflected power. Counter of alarm conditions triggered by input power. Reset Alm Alarm counter reset. Alarm conditions are numbered from 1 to 10 and reflect the following situations: forward output power too high, reflected output power too high and input power too high. Alarm monitoring cycle is as follows: when an alarm condition is detected, alarm counter increases by 1 unit, machine goes into lock-out state and the display shows the cause for the stop. After 15 seconds, the machine attempts to re-start; 18 / 24 Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD if a new alarm condition is detected, cycle is repeated over and over again up to 10 times maximum. If machine re-starts successfully, all alarm counters are reset after 30 minutes’ regular operation. After 10 alarm conditions triggered by the same cause, the machine goes into fault lock-out mode, a lock-out mode warning appears on the display and the “FAULT” LED turns on. After the alarm condition has been rectified, the counter can be reset by highlighting “Reset Alm” and holding down the ENTER key for some time. 126.96.36.199 Alarms and Faults There are three types of alarms that can cause a machine lock-out and trigger a “FAULT/LOCK” indication. When any one of the three alarm thresholds is exceeded, the system will automatically switch to the warning screen (even though the user is browsing system menus) and the following messages are displayed: 1. Over Forward Power Forward power threshold exceeded. Alarm 1 2. Over Reflected Power Reflected power threshold exceeded. Alarm 2 3. Over Input Power Input power threshold exceeded. Alarm 3 User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 19 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD Monitoring cycle is as follows: • An alarm condition occurs; • Alarm is displayed and device is locked out for 15 sec.; • Operating conditions are restored; • Verification. Upon reaching the 10 cycle limit, a “FAULT” indication is triggered and the device goes into lock-out mode; the appropriate LED turns on (figure 6.1) and this screen is displayed: I. Over Forward Power Forward power alarm display. Stop 1 II. Over Reflected Power Reflected power alarm display. Stop 2 III.Over Input Power Input power alarm display. Stop 3 Once the machine goes into “FAULT” mode, it will no longer attempt to re-start; choose the appropriate reset procedure according to current machine setting: • Machine set to LOCAL control mode - press “Reset Alm” in the alarm menu (menu 7) or power off and back on again using the POWER switch. • Machine set to REMOTE control mode - power off and back on again sending the appropriate command via the DB15 connector. There is a fourth alarm that does not trigger a “FAULT” condition, but allows some time until correct operating conditions are restored. When the temperature alarm threshold is exceed (about 85°C), the following screen appears: 20 / 24 Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 4. Over Temperature Temperature power threshold exceeded. Alarm 4 5.4.5 Miscellaneous Menu (Mix) This menu lets you set machine address in an I2C bus serial connection: Menu 8 IIC I2C address setting. The I2C network address becomes significant when the exciter is connected in an RVR transmission system that uses this protocol. Do not change it unless strictly required. 5.4.6 Version Menu (Vrs) This screen holds machine version/release information: Menu 9 Note that these are readings, rather than settings, and cannot be edited (note the empty arrow). Rel Dat Tab User Manual Firmware release information. Release date. Shows table loaded in the memory. Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 21 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD 6. Identification and Access to the Modules 6.1 Identification of the Modules The PJ1002C-LCD is made up of various modules linked to each other through connectors so as to make maintenance and any required module replacement easier. The figure below shows the equipment upper view with the various components pointed out. Figure 6.1         22 / 24 Power Supply Input Power Measure Card Telemetry Card Power Supply Interface Card Com-Bus Card Bias Card Panel Card Pass-through Card, Directional Coupler Card, Low Pass Filter Card & Power Amplifier Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual PJ1002C-LCD 7. Working Principles 7.1 Panel board The panel board contains the microcontroller (PIC18F452) that implements the equipment control software, the display and the other components needed to interface with the user. 7.2 Telemetry board This board is designed to inform the user of the equipment operation state. All input and output signals are available on the DB25 connector. The same board also features the “INTERLOCK” BNC connector for disabling the device. By grounding the central pin, the output power is reduced to zero until the connection is removed. When an R.V.R. amplifier is used, this connector is linked to the power amplifier REMOTE or INTERLOCK by means of a BNC-BNC connection. In case of amplifier faults, the central conductor is grounded thus forcing the machine to enter in stand-by mode. 7.3 Power Amplifier The final power stage is enclosed in a totally shielded metal container fastened in the centre of the device. The RF signal coming from input power connectors, is measured by input directional coupler card and is then sent to the final stage that sees to its final amplifications up to 1000W. The amplification stage consists of two main blocks with low pass filter inside. In addition to the actual RF amplification, this circuit carries out the following functions: • Control of the power level in output, depending on the setting • Reduction of the power supplied when in presence of high-level reflected power • Measures of the forward and reflected power by using directional couplers • Measures of the current absorbed by the power amplifier • Measures of the temperature User Manual Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 23 / 24 PJ1002C-LCD This board also features an RF sampling of approximately -60dBc (for PJ1002CLCD model) with respect to the output, which is available on a BNC connector below the transmitter output connector. This sample is useful for verifying the characteristics of the carrier, but not for verifying those of the upper harmonics. 7.4 Control Board The main function of this board is to check and correct the MOSFET polarization voltage of the RF amplifier section. If no alarms are present, the voltage is adjusted only depending on the set output power, with a feedback mechanism based on the reading of the power really delivered (AGC). The voltage is also affected by other factors, such as: • Excess of reflected power. • External AGC signals (Ext. AGC FWD, Ext. AGC RFL). • Excess of temperature. • Excess of absorbed current from the RF module. 7.5Low Pass Filter Card This card provide the l������������������������������������������������������������� ow-pass filtering of the RF signal in output and measure the reflected and forward power output. 7.6 Bias Card This card controls the bias voltage and contains AGC networks for forward power, reflected power, temperature, current and EXT AGC. It also controls and corrects the power supply voltage of mosfet. uesta scheda controlla la tensione di polarizzazione e contiene reti AGC per potenza diretta, potenza riflessa, temperatura, corrente e EXT AGC. Inoltre controlla e corregge anche la tensione di alimentazione del mosfet 24 / 24 Rev. 1.0 - 30/10/15 User Manual ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ R.V.R Elettronica S.p.A. Via del Fonditore, 2 / 2c Zona Industriale Roveri · 40138 Bologna · Italy Phone: +39 051 6010506 · Fax: +39 051 6011104 e-mail: [email protected] ·web: http://www.rvr.it ISO 9001:2000 certified since 2000 The RVR Logo, and others referenced RVR products and services are trademarks of RVR Elettronica S.p.A. in Italy, other countries or both. RVR ® 1998 all rights reserved. All other trademarks, trade names or logos used are property of their respective owners.
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