Netgear R6900P User manual

Netgear R6900P User manual

Nighthawk

AC1900 Smart WiFi Router

Model R7000

User Manual

December 2015

202-11301-10

350 East Plumeria Drive

San Jose, CA 95134

USA

Support

Thank you for purchasing this NETGEAR product. You can visit

www.netgear.com/support

to register your product, get help, access the latest downloads and user manuals, and join our community. We recommend that you use only official NETGEAR support resources.

Conformity

For the current EU Declaration of Conformity, visit

http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/11621.

Compliance

For regulatory compliance information, visit

http://www.netgear.com/about/regulatory

.

See the regulatory compliance document before connecting the power supply.

Trademarks

© NETGEAR, Inc. NETGEAR and the NETGEAR Logo are trademarks of NETGEAR, Inc. Any non-NETGEAR trademarks are used for reference purposes only.

2

Contents

Chapter 1 Hardware Setup

Unpack Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Attach the Antennas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Top and Front Panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Position Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Cable Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Chapter 2 Connect to the Network and Access the Router

Connect to the Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Wired Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

WiFi Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Types of Logins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Use a web browser to Access the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

NETGEAR genie Automatic Internet Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Log In to the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Change the Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Access the Router with NETGEAR genie Apps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Chapter 3 Specify Your Internet Settings

Use the Internet Setup Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Manually Set Up the Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Specify an Internet Connection Without a Login. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Specify an Internet Connection That Uses a Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Specify IPv6 Internet Connections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Requirements for Entering IPv6 Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Use Auto Detect for an IPv6 Internet Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

Use Auto Config for an IPV6 Internet Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Set Up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Set Up an IPv6 6to4 Tunnel Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Set Up an IPv6 Pass Through Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Set Up an IPv6 Fixed Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Set Up an IPv6 DHCP Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Set Up an IPv6 PPPoE Internet Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Change the MTU Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

Enable the Bridge or Add a VLAN Tag Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Enable the Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Add VLAN Tag Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

3

Chapter 4 Optimize Performance

Prioritize Internet Traffic with Quality of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Optimize Internet Gaming with Upstream QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Enable Upstream QoS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Add Upstream QoS Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

Optimize Video Streaming with Downstream QoS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Add Downstream QoS Rules by Keyword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

Add a Downstream QoS Rule by Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Improve Network Connections with Universal Plug and Play. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

Enable or Disable Smart Connect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

Chapter 5 Control Access to the Internet

Set Up Parental Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

Allow or Block Access to Your Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Use Keywords to Block Internet Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Block Services from the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

Avoid Blocking on a Trusted Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Set Up Security Event Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65

Chapter 6 Share USB Devices Attached to the Router

USB Device Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Access a USB Device on the Network. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Connect a USB Device to the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

Access the USB Device from a Mac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

Access a USB Device from a Windows Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Map the USB Storage Device to a Windows Network Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Back Up Windows Computers with ReadySHARE Vault. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Back Up Mac Computers with Time Machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Set Up a USB Hard Drive on a Mac. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

Prepare to Back Up a Large Amount of Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

Use Time Machine to Back Up onto a USB Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Control Access to the USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

Use FTP Within the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

View Network Folders on a USB Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Add a Network Folder on a USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Edit a Network Folder on a USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Safely Remove a USB Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

Chapter 7 Manage Dynamic DNS and Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

Your Personal FTP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

Set Up Your Personal FTP Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

4

Set Up a New Dynamic DNS Account. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Specify a DNS Account That You Already Created. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

Change the Dynamic DNS Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Access Storage Devices Through the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Use FTP to Access Storage Devices Through the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

Download Files onto a USB Storage Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

Download Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

Change the Download Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

Send Downloader Email Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92

Manage Downloader Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Remotely Access a USB Device Using ReadyCLOUD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Create a ReadyCLOUD Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

Register Your Router With ReadyCLOUD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

View Photos on Your USB Device With Kwilt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

Chapter 8 Use the Router as a Media Server

Specify ReadyDLNA Media Server Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Play Music from a USB Storage Device with iTunes Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With iTunes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With the Remote App . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

Set Up the Router to Work With TiVo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Play Media From a USB Device on TiVo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Play Videos on TiVo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Play Music or View Photos on TiVo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

Chapter 9 Share a USB Printer

Install the Printer Driver and Cable the Printer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Download the ReadySHARE Printer Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Install the ReadySHARE Printer Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

Print Using the NETGEAR USB Control Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

View or Change the Status of a Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

Use the Scan Feature of a Multifunction USB Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114

Change NETGEAR USB Control Center Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Turn Off Automatic Startup for NETGEAR USB Control Center . . . . . . . . . . 115

Change the Language in NETGEAR USB Control Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

Specify the Time-Out for NETGEAR USB Control Center. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

Chapter 10 Specify Network Settings

Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

View WAN Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

Set Up a Default DMZ Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Change the Router’s Device Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122

Specify the IP Addresses that the Router Assigns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

Disable the DHCP Server Feature in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

5

Reserve LAN IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Use the WPS Wizard for WiFi Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

Specify Basic WiFi Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

Change the WiFi Password or Security Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

Set Up a Guest Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

How the Router Manages Wireless Clients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Airtime Fairness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Implicit Beamforming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

Control the Wireless Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

Use the WiFi On/Off Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

Enable or Disable the Wireless Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

Set Up a Wireless Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134

Specify WPS Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Set Up the Router with an Existing Router or Gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136

Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

Set Up the Router in Bridge Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

Set Up a Wireless Distribution System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141

Set Up the Base Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

Set Up a Repeater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144

Chapter 11 Manage Your Network

Update the Router Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

Change the admin Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

Recover the admin Password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148

View Router Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149

Display Internet Port Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

Check the Internet Connection Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

View Logs of Router Activity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

Monitor Internet Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

Create Custom Static Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

View Devices Currently on the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

Manage the Router Configuration File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

Back Up Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

Restore Configuration Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

Erase the Current Configuration Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

Remote Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

Remotely Access Your Router Using the genie App . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

Set Up the Router as an Arlo Base Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

Enable the Arlo Feature on the Router. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

Create a New Arlo Account and Register Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

Register Your Router With an Existing Arlo Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163

Remove an Arlo Base Station From Your Arlo Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Sync Arlo Cameras to Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

Chapter 12 Use VPN to Access Your Network

Set Up a VPN Connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167

6

Specify VPN Service in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Install OpenVPN Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Install OpenVPN Software on Your Windows Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Install OpenVPN Software on Your Mac Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171

Install OpenVPN Software on an iOS Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

Install OpenVPN Software on an Android Device. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

Use a VPN Tunnel on Your Windows Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

Use VPN to Access the Router’s USB Drive and Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175

Use VPN to Access Your Internet Service at Home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175

Set Up VPN Client Internet Access in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175

Block VPN Client Internet Access in the Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

Use a VPN Tunnel to Access Your Internet Service at Home . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Chapter 13 Specify Internet Port Settings

Set Up Port Forwarding to a Local Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179

Add a Custom Port Forwarding Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

Edit a Port Forwarding Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

Delete a Port Forwarding Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

Application Example: Make a Local Web Server Public . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182

How the Router Implements the Port Forwarding Rule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182

Set Up Port Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

Add a Port Triggering Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

Enable Port Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184

Application Example: Port Triggering for Internet Relay Chat . . . . . . . . . . . 185

Chapter 14 Troubleshooting

Quick Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Sequence to Restart Your Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Check Ethernet Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Wireless Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Network Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Troubleshoot with the LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

Standard LED Behavior When the Router is Powered On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

Power LED Is Off or Blinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

Power LED Stays Amber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

LEDs Never Turn Off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Internet or Ethernet Port LEDs Are Off. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

WiFi LED Is Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Cannot Log In to the Router. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190

Cannot Access the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

Troubleshoot PPPoE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

Troubleshoot Internet Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Changes Not Saved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Wireless Connectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

Test the LAN Path to Your Router. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

Test the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

7

Appendix A Supplemental Information

Factory Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

8

1.

Hardware Setup

1

The Nighthawk AC1900 Smart

AC1900 WiFi (600 Mbps

1

WiFi Router delivers combined WiFi connection speeds up to

on 2.4 GHz

2

802.11n and 1300 Mbps

3 on 5 GHz 802.11ac).

Nighthawk is ideal for bandwidth-hungry activities such as online gaming and video streaming, powered by a dual core 1 GHz processor. High-powered amplifiers with antennas provide WiFi coverage anywhere around your home, inside or out.

For gamers, Nighthawk supports upstream Quality of Service (QoS) optimized for online game play with game consoles like Xbox. For uninterrupted HD streaming media, Nighthawk features downstream QoS to identify and prioritize streaming traffic like Netflix, YouTube, and Hulu Plus.

Nighthawk provides fast central storage, backup and streaming to every device in your home with the USB 3.0 port (10 times faster than USB 2.0). Sharing content across your network is easy, whether it’s accessing stored photos and music to wirelessly printing. Stream your stored media files anywhere on the network to DLNA pages. Share your music to Airplay-compatible devices from the USB hard-drive connected to the router. Use the free NETGEAR ReadySHARE

Vault app to back up your Windows computers to a USB hard drive connected to Nighthawk.

This chapter contains the following sections:

Unpack Your Router

Attach the Antennas

Top and Front Panels

Rear Panel

Position Your Router

Cable Your Router

For more information about the topics covered in this manual, visit the support website at

http://support.netgear.com

.

1. Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE standard 802.11 specifications. Actual data throughput and wireless coverage will vary. Network conditions and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate and wireless coverage. NETGEAR makes no express or implied representations or warranties about this product’s compatibility with any future standards. 802.11ac 1300 Mbps is approximately 3x faster than 802.11n 450 Mbps.

2. 2.4 GHz performance mode requires 256 QAM support on the WiFi client.

3. Up to 1300 Mbps wireless speeds achieved when you are connecting to other 802.11ac 1300 Mbps devices.

9

Unpack Your Router

Your package contains the following items.

Nighthawk AC1900 Smart WiFi Router

Ethernet cable

Antennas (3)

Figure 1. Package contents

Power adapter

Attach the Antennas

The router comes with three antennas.

To attach the antennas:

1.

Align the antennas with the antenna posts on the router.

2.

3.

Attach the antennas on the threaded antenna posts.

Position the antennas for the best WiFi performance.

NETGEAR recommends that the center antenna be vertical and that you aim the others outward at 45 degree angles, as shown.

Hardware Setup

10

Top and Front Panels

The router has status LEDs on top and a USB 3.0 port on the front.

USB 3.0 port

Figure 2. Router top and front view

Table 1. LED and button descriptions

LED

Power

Internet

Description

Solid amber

. The router is starting.

Blinking amber

. The firmware is upgrading, or the Reset button was pressed.

Solid white

. The router is ready.

Blinking white

. The firmware is corrupted.

Off

. Power is not supplied to the router.

Solid white

. The Internet connection is ready.

Solid amber

. The router has detected an Ethernet cable connection to the modem.

Blinking white.

The port is sending or receiving traffic.

Off

. No Ethernet cable is connected between the router and the modem.

2.4 GHz

Wireless

Solid white

. The 2.4 GHz WiFi radio is operating.

Blinking white

. The router is sending or receiving WiFi traffic.

Off

. The 2.4 GHz WiFi radio is off.

5 GHz Wireless

Solid white

. The 5 GHz WiFi radio is operating.

Blinking white

. The router is sending or receiving WiFi traffic.

Off

. The 5 GHz WiFi radio is off.

USB (1 and 2)

The USB 1 LED is for the USB 3.0 USB port on the front panel. The USB 2 LED is for the USB

2.0 port on the rear panel.

• Solid white

. A USB device is connected and is ready.

Blinking

. A USB device is plugged in and is trying to connect.

Off

. No USB device is connected or someone clicked the Safely Remove Hardware button, and it is now safe to remove the attached USB device.

Hardware Setup

11

Table 1. LED and button descriptions (continued)

LED

Ethernet ports

1-4

Description

The LED color indicates the speed: white for Gigabit Ethernet connections and amber for 100

Mbps or 10 Mbps Ethernet connections.

Solid

Off

. A powered-on device is connected to the Ethernet port.

Blinking

. The port is sending or receiving traffic.

. No device is connected to this Ethernet port.

WiFi On/Off button with LED

Pressing this button for two seconds turns the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz WiFi radios on and off.

If this LED is lit, the WiFi radios are on. If this LED is off, the WiFi radios are turned off and you cannot use WiFi to connect to the router.

WPS button with

LED

This button lets you use WPS to join the WiFi network without typing the WiFi password. The

WPS LED blinks white during this process and then lights solid white.

You can disable LED blinking or turn off all LEDs except the Power LED. For information about how to do this, see

Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs

on page 119.

Rear Panel

The rear panel has the connections and buttons shown in the following figure.

Reset button

Ethernet

LAN ports 1–4

Figure 3. Router rear panel

Internet port

USB 2.0

port

Power

On/Off

Power connector

Pressing the Reset button restores the factory settings. See

Factory Settings

on page 197.

Hardware Setup

12

Position Your Router

The router lets you access your network anywhere within the operating range of your wireless network. However, the operating distance or range of your wireless connection can vary significantly depending on the physical placement of your router. For example, the thickness and number of walls the wireless signal passes through can limit the range.

Additionally, other wireless access points in and around your home might affect your router’s signal. Wireless access points are routers, repeaters, WiFi range extenders, or any other device that emits a wireless signal for network access.

To position your router:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Place your router near the center of the area where your computers and other devices operate, and within line of sight to your wireless devices.

Make sure that the router is within reach of an AC power outlet and near Ethernet cables for wired computers.

Place the router in an elevated location, minimizing the number walls and ceilings between the router and your other devices.

Place the router away from electrical devices such as these:

Ceiling fans

Home security systems

Microwaves

Computers

Base of a cordless phone

2.4 GHz cordless phone

5.

Place the router away from large metal surfaces, large glass surfaces, and insulated walls such as these:

Solid metal door

Aluminum studs

Fish tanks

Mirrors

Brick

Concrete

6.

(Optional) If you have adjacent access points, use different radio frequency channels to reduce interference.

Hardware Setup

13

Cable Your Router

The following image shows how to cable your router:

Figure 4. Router cabling

To cable your router:

1.

Unplug your modem’s power, leaving the modem connected to the wall jack for your

Internet service.

If your modem has a battery backup, remove the battery.

2.

Plug in and turn on your modem.

If your modem has a battery backup, replace the battery.

3.

4.

5.

Connect your modem to the Internet port of your router with the yellow Ethernet cable that came with your router.

Connect the power adapter to your router and plug the power adapter into an outlet.

Press the

Power On/Off

button on the rear panel of the router.

Hardware Setup

14

2.

Connect to the Network and

Access the Router

This chapter contains the following sections:

Connect to the Network

Types of Logins

Use a web browser to Access the Router

Change the Language

Access the Router with NETGEAR genie Apps

2

15

Connect to the Network

You can connect to the router’s network through a wired or WiFi connection. If you set up your computer to use a static IP address, change the settings so that it uses Dynamic Host

Configuration Protocol (DHCP).

Wired Connection

You can connect your computer to the router using an Ethernet cable and join the router’s local area network (LAN).

To connect your computer to the router with an Ethernet cable:

1.

2.

3.

Make sure that the router has power (its Power LED is lit).

Connect an Ethernet cable to an Ethernet port on your computer.

Connect the other end of the Ethernet cable to one of the numbered Ethernet ports.

Your computer connects to the local area network (LAN). A message might display on your computer page to notify you that an Ethernet cable is connected.

WiFi Connection

You can connect to the router’s WiFi network with Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) or you can find and select the WiFi network.

To use WPS to connect to the WiFi network:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Make sure that the router has power (its Power LED is lit).

Check the WPS instructions for your computer or wireless device.

Press the

WPS

button on the router.

Within two minutes, on your computer or WiFi device, press its

WPS

button or follow its instructions for WPS connections.

Your computer or wireless device connects to the WiFi network.

To find and select the WiFi network:

1.

2.

Make sure that the router has power (its Power LED is lit).

On your computer or wireless device, find and select the WiFi network.

The WiFi network name is on the router’s label.

3.

Join the WiFi network and enter the WiFi password.

The password is on the router’s label.

Your wireless device connects to the WiFi network.

Connect to the Network and Access the Router

16

Label

The label on the router shows the login information, MAC address, and serial number.

Figure 5. Router label

Types of Logins

Separate types of logins have different purposes. It is important that you understand the difference so that you know which login to use when.

Types of logins:

ISP login

. The login that your ISP gave you logs you in to your Internet service. Your service provider gave you this login information in a letter or some other way. If you cannot find this login information, contact your service provider.

WiFi network key or password

. Your router is preset with a unique wireless network name (SSID) and password for wireless access. This information is on the router label.

Router login

.This logs you in to the router interface as admin from a web browserweb browser.

Use a web browser to Access the Router

When you connect to the network (either with WiFi or with an Ethernet cable), you can use a web browser to access the router to view or change its settings. The first time you access the router, NETGEAR genie automatically checks to see if your router can connect to your

Internet service.

NETGEAR genie Automatic Internet Setup

You can set up your router with the NETGEAR genie automatically, or you can use the genie menus and pages to set up your router manually. Before you start the setup process, get your

ISP information and make sure that the computers and devices in the network have the settings described here.

Connect to the Network and Access the Router

17

When your Internet service starts, your Internet service provider (ISP) typically gives you all the information needed to connect to the Internet. For DSL service, you might need the following information to set up your router:

The ISP configuration information for your DSL account

ISP login name and password

Fixed or static IP address settings (special deployment by ISP; this setting is rare)

If you cannot locate this information, ask your ISP to provide it. When your Internet connection is working, you no longer need to launch the ISP login program on your computer to access the Internet. When you start an Internet application, your router automatically logs you in.

NETGEAR genie runs on any device with a web browser. Installation and basic setup takes about 15 minutes to complete.

To use NETGEAR genie to set up your router:

1.

2.

Turn the router on by pressing the

On/Off

button.

Make sure that your computer or wireless device is connected to the router with an Ethernet cable (wired) or wirelessly with the preset security settings listed on the label.

Note:

If you want to change the router’s WiFi setting, use a wired connection to avoid being disconnected when the new WiFi settings take effect.

3.

Launch a web browser.

The page that displays depends on whether you have accessed the router before or if

NETGEAR genie detects that the router is connected to another router or gateway:

The first time that you are setting up the Internet connection for your router, the browser goes to

http://www.routerlogin.net

, and the NETGEAR genie page displays.

Connect to the Network and Access the Router

18

If NETGEAR genie detects that the router is connected to another router or gateway,

NETGEAR genie prompts you to set up the router in router mode or access point mode:

Select the

Help Me Choose

radio button or

Let Me Choose

radio button:

Help Me Choose

. If you select the

Help Me Choose

radio button, NETGEAR genie asks you a few questions to determine if you should set the router in router mode or access point mode. NETGEAR recommends that you select the Help Me

Choose radio button.

Let Me Choose

. If you select the

Let Me Choose

radio, you must select the

Router Mode

radio button or the

Access Point Mode

radio button. You can change the mode by running the Setup Wizard again. For more information, see

Use the Internet Setup Wizard

on page 23.

For more information about how to set up your router with an existing router or gateway, see

Set Up the Router with an Existing Router or Gateway

on page 136.

If you already used the NETGEAR genie, enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

in the address field for your browser to display the NETGEAR genie page.

4.

Follow the onscreen instructions.

NETGEAR genie guides you through connecting the router to the Internet.

5.

If the browser cannot display the web page, do the following:

Make sure that the computer is connected to one of the four LAN Ethernet ports or wirelessly to the router.

Make sure that the router has full power, and that its Power LED is lit white.

Close and reopen the browser or clear the browser cache.

Browse to

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

If the computer is set to a static or fixed IP address (this setting is uncommon), change it to obtain an IP address automatically from the router.

6.

If the router does not connect to the Internet, do the following:

a.

b.

Review your settings. Make sure that you selected the correct options and typed everything correctly.

Contact your ISP to verify that you have the correct configuration information.

Connect to the Network and Access the Router

19

c.

Read

Chapter 14, Troubleshooting

. If problems persist, register your NETGEAR product and contact NETGEAR technical support.

Log In to the Router

When you first set up your router, NETGEAR genie automatically starts when you launch a web browser on a computer that is connected to the router. If you want to view or change settings for the router, you can use genie again.

To log in to the router:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

Note:

You can also enter

http://www.routerlogin.com

or

http://192.168.1.1

. The procedures in this manual use

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

Change the Language

By default, the language is set as Auto.

To change the language:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

In the upper right corner, select a language from the drop-down list.

When prompted, click the

OK

button to confirm this change.

Connect to the Network and Access the Router

20

The page refreshes with the language that you selected.

Access the Router with NETGEAR genie Apps

The genie app is the easy dashboard for managing, monitoring, and repairing your home network. The genie app can help you with the following:

Automatically repair common wireless network problems.

Easily manage router features like Live Parental Controls, guest access, Internet traffic meter, speed test, and more.

To use the genie app to access the router:

1.

2.

3.

Visit the NETGEAR genie web page at

www.NETGEAR.com/genie

.

Follow the onscreen instructions to install the app on your smartphone, tablet, or computer.

Launch the genie app.

The genie app dashboard page displays.

Connect to the Network and Access the Router

21

3.

Specify Your Internet Settings

3

Usually, the quickest way to set up the router to use your Internet connection is to allow the genie to detect the Internet connection when you first access the router with a web browser. You can also customize or specify your Internet settings.

This chapter contains the following sections:

Use the Internet Setup Wizard

Manually Set Up the Internet Connection

Specify IPv6 Internet Connections

Change the MTU Size

Enable the Bridge or Add a VLAN Tag Group

22

Use the Internet Setup Wizard

You can use the Setup Wizard to detect your Internet settings and automatically set up your router. The Setup Wizard is not the same as the genie pages that display the first time you connect to your router to set it up.

To use the Setup Wizard:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup Wizard

.

5.

Select the

Yes

radio button.

If you select No, you are taken to the Internet Setup page (see

Manually Set Up the

Internet Connection

).

6.

Click the

Next

button.

Specify Your Internet Settings

23

The Setup Wizard searches your Internet connection for servers and protocols to determine your ISP configuration and checks your operation mode.

Specify Your Internet Settings

24

Manually Set Up the Internet Connection

You can view or change the router’s Internet connection settings.

Specify an Internet Connection Without a Login

To specify the Internet connection settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

Internet

.

Scroll to view more settings

5.

6.

7.

For the

Does your Internet connection require a login

setting, leave the

No

radio button selected.

If your Internet connection requires an account name or host name, type it in the

Account

Name (If Required)

field.

If your Internet connection requires a domain name, type it in the

Domain Name (If

Required)

field.

Specify Your Internet Settings

25

For the other sections in this page, the default settings usually work, but you can change them.

8.

For the

Internet IP Address

setting, select one of the following radio buttons:

• Get Dynamically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your IP address. Your ISP automatically assigns these addresses.

• Use Static IP Address

. Enter the IP address, IP subnet mask, and the gateway IP address that your ISP assigned. The gateway is the ISP router to which your router connects.

9.

For the

Domain Name Server (DNS) Address

setting, select one of the following radio buttons:

• Get Automatically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your

ISP automatically assigns this address.

• Use These DNS Servers

. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary

DNS server address is available, enter it also.

10.

For the

Router MAC Address

setting, select one of the following radio buttons:

• Use Default Address

. Use the default MAC address.

Use Computer MAC Address

. The router captures and uses the MAC address of the computer that you are now using. You must use the one computer that the ISP allows.

Use This MAC Address

. Enter the MAC address that you want to use.

11.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

12.

Click the

Test

button to test your Internet connection.

If the NETGEAR website does not display within one minute, see

Chapter 14,

Troubleshooting

.

Specify an Internet Connection That Uses a Login

To view or change the basic Internet setup:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

Specify Your Internet Settings

26

4.

Select

Internet

.

Scroll to view more settings

5.

In the

Does your Internet connection require a login

section of the page, select the

Yes

radio button.

The page adjusts.

6.

7.

8.

9.

In the

Internet Service Provider

list, select the encapsulation method

PPPoE

,

PPTP

, or

L2TP

.

In the

Login

field, enter the login name your ISP gave you. This login name is often an email address.

In the

Password

field, type the password that you use to log in to your Internet service.

If your ISP requires a service name, type it in the

Service Name (if Required)

field.

10.

In the

Connection Mode

drop-down list, select

Always On

,

Dial on Demand

, or

Manually

Connect

.

11.

To change the number of minutes until the Internet login times, out, in the

Idle Timeout (In minutes)

field, type the number of minutes.

This is how long the router keeps the Internet connection active when no one on the network is using the Internet connection. A value of 0 (zero) means never log out.

12.

In the

Internet IP Address

section, select one of the following radio buttons:

• Get Dynamically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your IP address. Your ISP automatically assigns these addresses.

• Use Static IP Address

. Enter the IP address, IP subnet mask, and the gateway IP address that your ISP assigned. The gateway is the ISP router to which your router connects.

Specify Your Internet Settings

27

13.

In the Domain Name Server (DNS) Address section, select one of the following radio buttons:

• Get Automatically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your

ISP automatically assigns this address.

• Use These DNS Servers

. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary

DNS server address is available, enter it also.

14.

In the Router MAC Address section of the page, select one of the following radio buttons:

• Use Default Address

. Use the default MAC address.

Use Computer MAC Address

. The router captures and uses the MAC address of the computer that you are now using. You must use the one computer that the ISP allows.

Use This MAC Address

. Enter the MAC address that you want to use.

15.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

16.

Click the

Test

button to test your Internet connection.

If the NETGEAR website does not display within one minute, see

Chapter 14,

Troubleshooting

.

Specify IPv6 Internet Connections

You can set up an IPv6 Internet connection if genie does not detect it automatically.

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select the IPv6 connection type.

Your Internet service provider (ISP) can provide this information.

If your ISP did not provide details, select

IPv6 Tunnel

.

If you are not sure, select

Auto Detect

so that the router detects the IPv6 type that is in use.

Specify Your Internet Settings

28

If your Internet connection does not use PPPoE, DHCP, or fixed, but is IPv6, select

Auto Config

. For more information about IPv6 Internet connection, see the following sections.

Your Internet service provider (ISP) can provide this information. For more information about IPv6 Internet connection, see the following sections:

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Use Auto Detect for an IPv6 Internet Connection

on page 29

Use Auto Config for an IPV6 Internet Connection

on page 30

Set Up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection

on page 32

Set Up an IPv6 6to4 Tunnel Internet Connection

on page 34

Set Up an IPv6 Pass Through Internet Connection

on page 36

Set Up an IPv6 Fixed Internet Connection

on page 36

Set Up an IPv6 DHCP Internet Connection

on page 38

Set Up an IPv6 PPPoE Internet Connection

on page 39

6.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes take effect.

Requirements for Entering IPv6 Addresses

IPv6 addresses are denoted by eight groups of hexadecimal quartets that are separated by colons. You can reduce any four-digit group of zeros within an IPv6 address to a single zero or omit it. The following errors invalidate an IPv6 address:

More than eight groups of hexadecimal quartets

More than four hexadecimal characters in a quartet

More than two colons in a row

Use Auto Detect for an IPv6 Internet Connection

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection through auto detection:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

Specify Your Internet Settings

29

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

Auto Detect

.

The page adjusts:

The router automatically detects the information in the following fields:

6.

Connection Type

. This field indicates the connection type that is detected.

Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN

. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN

. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the

LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Use DHCP Server

. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some

IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.

• Auto Config

. This is the default setting.

7.

(Optional) Select the

Use This Interface ID

check box and specify the interface ID to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.

If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC address.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Use Auto Config for an IPV6 Internet Connection

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection through auto configuration:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

Specify Your Internet Settings

30

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

Auto Config

.

The page adjusts:

The router automatically detects the information in the following fields:

6.

Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN

. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN

. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:

• Get Automatically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your

ISP automatically assigns this address.

• Use These DNS Servers

. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary

DNS server address is available, enter it also.

7.

(Optional) In the

DHCP User Class (If Required)

field, enter a host name.

Specify Your Internet Settings

31

Most people can leave this field blank, but if your ISP has given you a specific host name, enter it here.

8.

(Optional) In the

DHCP Domain Name (If Required)

field, enter a domain name.

You can type the domain name of your IPv6 ISP. Do not enter the domain name for the

IPv4 ISP here. For example, if your ISP’s mail server is mail.xxx.yyy.zzz, type xxx.yyy.zzz as the domain name. If your ISP provided a domain name, type it in this field. For example, Earthlink Cable might require a host name of home, and Comcast sometimes supplies a domain name.

9.

Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the

LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Use DHCP Server

. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some

IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.

• Auto Config

. This is the default setting.

10.

(Optional) Select the

Use This Interface ID

check box and specify the interface ID that you want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.

If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC address.

11.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Set Up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection

6rd protocol makes it possible to deploy IPv6 to sites using a service provider's IPv4 network.

6rd uses the service provider’s own IPv6 address prefix. This limits the operational domain of

6rd to the service provider’s network and is under direct control of the service provider. The

IPv6 service provided is equivalent to native IPv6.

The 6rd mechanism relies upon an algorithmic mapping between the IPv6 and IPv4 addresses that are assigned for use within the service provider’s network. This mapping allows for automatic determination of IPv4 tunnel endpoints from IPv6 prefixes, allowing stateless operation of 6rd.

With a 6rd Tunnel configuration, the router follows the RFC5969 standard, supporting two ways to establish a 6rd tunnel IPv6 WAN connection.

Auto Mode

. In IPv6 Auto Detect mode, when the router receives option 212 from the

DHCPv4 option, auto detect selects the IPv6 as 6rd Tunnel setting. The router uses the

6rd option information to establish the 6rd connection.

Manual Mode

. Select 6rd Tunnel. If the router receives option 212, the fields are automatically completed. Otherwise, you must enter the 6rd settings.

To set up an IPv6 6rd Tunnel Internet Connection:

1.

Launch a web browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the network.

Specify Your Internet Settings

32

2.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

6rd Tunnel

.

The router automatically detects the information in the following sections:

6rd (IPv6 Rapid Development) Configuration.

The router detects the service provider’s IPv4 network and attempts to establish an IPv6 6rd Tunnel connection. If the IPv4 network returns 6rd parameters to the router the page adjusts to display the correct settings in this section.

Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN

. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

MTU size (in bytes)

. The normal MTU (maximum transmit unit) value for most

Ethernet networks is 1500 bytes, or 1492 bytes for PPPoE connections. Change the

MTU only if you are sure that it is necessary for your ISP connection. See

Change the

MTU Size

on page 41.

6.

Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:

• Get Automatically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your

ISP automatically assigns this address.

Specify Your Internet Settings

33

7.

• Use These DNS Servers

. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary

DNS server address is available, enter it also.

Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the

LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Use DHCP Server

. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some

IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.

• Auto Config

. This is the default setting.

8.

(Optional) Select the

Use This Interface ID

check box and specify the interface ID that you want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.

If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC address.

9.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Set Up an IPv6 6to4 Tunnel Internet Connection

The remote relay router is the router to which your router creates a 6to4 tunnel. Make sure that the IPv4 Internet connection is working before you apply the 6to4 tunnel settings for the

IPv6 connection.

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection by using a 6to4 tunnel:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

6to4 Tunnel

.

Specify Your Internet Settings

34

The page adjusts:

The router automatically detects the information in the

Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN

field. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s LAN interface.

The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not

Available.

6.

Configure the remote 6to4 relay router settings by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Auto

. Your router uses any remote relay router that is available on the Internet. This is the default setting.

• Static IP Address

. Enter the static IPv4 address of the remote relay router. Your

IPv6 ISP usually provides this address.

7.

Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:

• Get Automatically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your

ISP automatically assigns this address.

• Use These DNS Servers

. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary

DNS server address is available, enter it also.

8.

Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the

LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Use DHCP Server

. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some

IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.

• Auto Config

. This is the default setting.

9.

(Optional) Select the

Use This Interface ID

check box and specify the interface ID that you want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.

If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC address.

10.

Click the

Apply

button.

Specify Your Internet Settings

35

Your settings are saved.

Set Up an IPv6 Pass Through Internet Connection

In pass-through mode, the router works as a Layer 2 Ethernet switch with two ports (LAN and

WAN Ethernet ports) for IPv6 packets. The router does not process any IPv6 header packets.

To set up a pass-through IPv6 Internet connection:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

Pass Through

.

The page adjusts, but no additional fields display.

6.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Set Up an IPv6 Fixed Internet Connection

To set up a fixed IPv6 Internet connection:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

Fixed

.

Specify Your Internet Settings

36

The page adjusts:

6.

Configure the fixed IPv6 addresses for the WAN connection:

• IPv6 Address/Prefix Length

interface.

. The IPv6 address and prefix length of the router WAN

Default IPv6 Gateway

. The IPv6 address of the default IPv6 gateway for the router’s

WAN interface.

Primary DNS Server

. The primary DNS server that resolves IPv6 domain name records for the router.

• Secondary DNS Server

. The secondary DNS server that resolves IPv6 domain name records for the router.

Note:

If you do not specify the DNS servers, the router uses the DNS servers that are configured for the IPv4 Internet connection on the Internet

Setup page. (See

Manually Set Up the Internet Connection

on page 25.)

7.

Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the

LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Use DHCP Server

. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some

IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.

• Auto Config

. This is the default setting.

8.

In the

IPv6 Address/Prefix Length

fields, specify the static IPv6 address and prefix length of the router’s LAN interface.

If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC address.

9.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Specify Your Internet Settings

37

Set Up an IPv6 DHCP Internet Connection

To set up an IPv6 Internet connection with a DHCP server:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

DHCP

.

The page adjusts:

The router automatically detects the information in the following fields:

Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN

. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN

. This field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

6.

Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:

Specify Your Internet Settings

38

Get Automatically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your

ISP automatically assigns this address.

Use These DNS Servers

. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary

DNS server address is available, enter it also.

7.

(Optional) In the

User Class (If Required)

field, enter a host name.

Most people can leave this field blank, but if your ISP gave you a specific host name, enter it here.

8.

(Optional) In the

Domain Name (If Required)

field, enter a domain name.

You can type the domain name of your IPv6 ISP. Do not enter the domain name for the

IPv4 ISP here. For example, if your ISP’s mail server is mail.xxx.yyy.zzz, type xxx.yyy.zzz as the domain name. If your ISP provided a domain name, type it in this field. For example, Earthlink Cable might require a host name of home, and Comcast sometimes supplies a domain name.

9.

Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the

LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Use DHCP Server

. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some

IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.

• Auto Config

. This is the default setting.

10.

(Optional) Select the

Use This Interface ID

check box and specify the interface ID that you want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.

If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC address.

11.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Set Up an IPv6 PPPoE Internet Connection

To set up a PPPoE IPv6 Internet connection:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > IPv6

.

The IPv6 page displays.

Specify Your Internet Settings

39

5.

In the

Internet Connection Type

list, select

PPPoE

.

The page adjusts:

6.

Enter the settings that your service provider gave you.

If your service provider gave you only one user name and password, the service provider most likely supports dual stack PPPoE (a single ppp session). If the service provider gave you two user names and passwords for IPv4 and IPv6, then the router must use different

PPP session.

To use separate PPP sessions (the default setting), leave the

Use the same Login information as IPv4 PPPoE

check box cleared and complete the PPP Login and

Password

fields.

To use a single PPP session to establish the IPv4 and IPv6 Internet connection, select the

Use the same Login information as IPv4 PPPoE

check box.

The page adjusts and the router automatically detects the information in

Router’s

IPv6 Address on WAN

field. Go to

Step 10

.

Note:

If you do not see the

Use the same Login information as IPv4

PPPoE

check box, make sure that

PPPoE

is selected from the

Internet Service Provider

list on the Internet Setup page. For more information, see

Specify an Internet Connection That Uses a Login

on page 26.

The

Router’s IPv6 Address on WAN

field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s WAN (or Internet) interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

The

Router’s IPv6 Address on LAN

field shows the IPv6 address that is acquired for the router’s LAN interface. The number after the slash (/) is the length of the prefix, which is also indicated by the underline (_) under the IPv6 address. If no address is acquired, the field displays Not Available.

7.

In the

Login

field, enter the login information for the ISP connection.

Specify Your Internet Settings

40

This is usually the name that you use in your email address. For example, if your main mail account is [email protected], you would type JerAB in this field. Some ISPs (like

Mindspring, Earthlink, and T-DSL) require that you use your full email address when you log in. If your ISP requires your full email address, type it in this field.

8.

9.

In the

Password

field, enter the password for the ISP connection.

In the

Service Name

field, enter a service name.

If your ISP did not provide a service name, leave this field blank.

Note:

The default setting of the Connection Mode field is Always On to provide a steady IPv6 connection. The router never terminates the connection. If the connection is terminated, for example, when the modem is turned off, the router attempts to reestablish the connection immediately after the PPPoE connection becomes available again.

10.

Select an IPv6 Domain Name Server (DNS) Address radio button:

• Get Automatically from ISP

. Your ISP uses DHCP to assign your DNS servers. Your

ISP automatically assigns this address.

• Use These DNS Servers

. If you know that your ISP requires specific servers, select this option. Enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary

DNS server address is available, enter it also.

11.

Specify how the router assigns IPv6 addresses to the devices on your home network (the

LAN) by selecting one of the following radio buttons:

• Use DHCP Server

. This method passes more information to LAN devices, but some

IPv6 systems might not support the DHCv6 client function.

• Auto Config

. This is the default setting.

12.

(Optional) Select the

Use This Interface ID

check box and specify the interface ID that you want to be used for the IPv6 address of the router’s LAN interface.

If you do not specify an ID here, the router generates one automatically from its MAC address.

13.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Change the MTU Size

The maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the largest data packet a network device transmits.

When one network device communicates across the Internet with another, the data packets travel through many devices along the way. If a device in the data path has a lower MTU setting than the other devices, the data packets must be split or “fragmented” to accommodate the device with the smallest MTU.

The best MTU setting for NETGEAR equipment is often the default value. In some situations, changing the value fixes one problem but causes another. Leave the MTU unchanged unless one of these situations occurs:

Specify Your Internet Settings

41

-

-

You experience problems connecting to your ISP or other Internet service, and the technical support of either the ISP or NETGEAR recommends changing the MTU setting.

These web-based applications might require an MTU change:

A secure website that does not open, or displays only part of a web page

Yahoo email

-

-

MSN portal

America Online’s DSL service

You use VPN and have severe performance problems.

You used a program to optimize MTU for performance reasons, and now you have connectivity or performance problems.

Note:

An incorrect MTU setting can cause Internet communication problems. For example, you might not be able to access certain websites, frames within websites, secure login pages, or FTP or POP servers.

To change the MTU size:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup

.

5.

6.

In the

MTU Size

field, enter a value from 64 to 1500.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your change is saved.

Specify Your Internet Settings

42

1492

1472

1468

1460

1436

1400

576

If you suspect an MTU problem, a common solution is to change the MTU to 1400. If you are willing to experiment, you can gradually reduce the MTU from the maximum value of 1500 until the problem goes away. The following table describes common MTU sizes and applications.

Table 2. Common MTU sizes

MTU

1500

Application

The largest Ethernet packet size. This setting is typical for connections that do not use

PPPoE or VPN, and is the default value for NETGEAR routers, adapters, and switches.

Used in PPPoE environments.

Maximum size to use for pinging. (Larger packets are fragmented.)

Used in some DHCP environments.

Usable by AOL if you do not send or receive large email attachments, for example.

Used in PPTP environments or with VPN.

Maximum size for AOL DSL.

Typical value to connect to dial-up ISPs.

Enable the Bridge or Add a VLAN Tag Group

Some devices, such as an IPTV, cannot work behind a router’s network address translation

(NAT) or firewall. Based on what your Internet service provider (ISP) requires, for the device to connect to the ISP’s network directly, you must enable the bridge between the device and the router’s Internet port or add new VLAN tag groups to the bridge.

Enable the Bridge

If your device, such as an IPTV, is connected to the router’s Ethernet port or WiFi network, you can enable the bridge so that the packets sent between the device and the router’s

Internet port are not processed through the router’s network address translation (NAT).

To enable the bridge:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

Specify Your Internet Settings

43

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VLAN / Bridge Settings

.

Select the

Enable VLAN / Bridge group

check box.

Select the

By bridge group

radio button.

Select a

Wired Ports

check box or a

Wireless

check box:

If your device is connected to an Ethernet port on the router, select a check box that corresponds to the Ethernet port on the router to which the device is connected.

Wired Ports

If your device is connected to your router’s WiFi network, select a

Wireless

check box that corresponds to the router’s WiFi network to which the device is connected.

Note:

You must select at least one

Wired Ports

or

Wireless

check box. You can select more than one check box.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Add VLAN Tag Groups

You can add VLAN tag groups to the bridge and assign VLAN IDs and priority values to each

VLAN tag group.

If you add a VLAN tag group to the bridge, packets sent between the device and the router’s

Internet port are not processed through the router’s network address translation (NAT) or firewall.

To add a VLAN tag group:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VLAN / Bridge Settings

.

Select the

Enable VLAN / Bridge group

check box.

Select the

By VLAN tag group

radio button.

Click the

Add

button.

The Add Vlan Rule page displays.

Specify Your Internet Settings

44

8.

In the

Name

field, enter a name for the VLAN tag group.

The name can be up to 10 characters.

9.

In the

VLAN ID

field, enter a value from 1 to 4094.

This value is provided by your Internet service provider.

10.

In the

Priority

field, enter a value from 0 to 7.

This value is provided by your Internet service provider.

11.

Select a

Wired Ports

check box or a

Wireless

check box:

If your device is connected to an Ethernet port on the router, select a

Wired Ports

check box that corresponds to the Ethernet port on the router to which the device is connected.

If your device is connected to your router’s WiFi network, select a

Wireless

check box that corresponds to the router’s WiFi network to which the device is connected to.

Note:

You must select at least one

Wired Ports

or

Wireless

check box.

You can select more than one check box.

12.

Click the

Add

button.

The VLAN tag group is added.

13.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Specify Your Internet Settings

45

4.

Optimize Performance

This chapter contains the following sections:

Prioritize Internet Traffic with Quality of Service

Optimize Internet Gaming with Upstream QoS

Add Upstream QoS Rules

Optimize Video Streaming with Downstream QoS

Improve Network Connections with Universal Plug and Play

Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service

Enable or Disable Smart Connect

4

46

Prioritize Internet Traffic with Quality of Service

You can use Quality of Service (QoS) to assign high priority to gaming and video streaming.

Downstream QoS

(video streaming)

Internet

Upstream QoS

(gaming)

Figure 6. You can prioritize downstream traffic, upstream traffic, or both

Optimize Internet Gaming with Upstream QoS

Upstream QoS prioritizes network traffic from local devices like your Xbox to the Internet.

This provides for a lag-free online gaming experience.

Internet

High priority traffic

Best effort traffic

Figure 7. Upstream QoS assigns high priority to gaming traffic from your Xbox

NETGEAR recommends that only gamers enable the Upstream QoS feature. If you do not game and you turn on this feature, some applications might not perform as well as usual.

Optimize Performance

47

Enable Upstream QoS

To enable upstream QoS:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Upstream QoS

tab.

The Upstream QoS page displays.

6.

7.

Select the

Enable Upstream QoS (Optimized for Gaming)

check box.

Specify the maximum uplink bandwidth for your Internet connection:

If you know what your uplink bandwidth is, type it in the field.

Uplink bandwidth Maximum

If you are not sure, click the

Speedtest

button.

Speedtest verifies the upstream speed of your Internet connection. The

Uplink bandwidth Maximum

field displays the result of the test.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

The router assigns a high priority to Internet traffic from your gaming devices to the

Internet.

Add Upstream QoS Rules

You can give prioritized Internet access to the following types of traffic:

Specific applications

Specific online games

A specific device by MAC address

To specify prioritization of traffic, create a policy for the type of traffic and add the policy to the

QoS Policy table in the QoS Setup page. For convenience, the QoS Policy table lists many common applications and online games that can benefit from QoS handling.

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48

Set Up QoS Priority Rule for Applications and Online Gaming

To set up a QoS priority rule for applications and online games:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Upstream QoS

tab.

The Upstream QoS page displays.

6.

7.

Select the

Enable Upstream QoS (Optimized for Gaming)

check box.

In the Add Rules section, select the

QoS by Service

radio button.

The page adjusts.

8.

From the

Applications

menu, select an application.

9.

From the

Priority

menu, select a priority level.

10.

Click the

Add

button.

The application or online game priority rule is added.

Set Up QoS Priority for Specified Computer Through its MAC Address

To create a QoS policy for a device through its MAC address:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Upstream QoS

tab.

The Upstream QoS page displays.

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49

6.

7.

8.

Select the

Enable Upstream QoS (Optimized for Gaming)

check box.

In the Add Rules section, select the

QoS by Device

radio button.

In the

MAC Device

list, select a radio button for a device.

The information from the MAC Device List populates the QoS policy name, MAC

Address, and Device Name fields.

9.

From the

Priority

menu, select a priority level.

10.

Click the

Apply

button

.

The rule added.

Edit QoS Priority Rule for Applications or Online Gaming

To edit the application or online game priority rule:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Upstream QoS

tab.

The Upstream QoS page displays.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Select the

Enable Upstream QoS (Optimized for Gaming)

check box.

Select the application or online game from the QoS Rules table and click the

Edit

button.

From the

Priority

menu, select a new priority level.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Delete a QoS Priority Rule for Applications or Online Gaming

To edit the application or online game priority rule:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

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50

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Upstream QoS

tab.

The Upstream QoS page displays.

6.

7.

8.

Make sure the

Enable Upstream QoS (Optimized for Gaming)

check box is selected.

Select the application or online game from the QoS Rules table.

Click the

Delete

button.

Your changes are saved.

Optimize Video Streaming with Downstream QoS

Downstream QoS prioritizes Internet traffic from the Internet to your network. This delivers better performance when you stream Internet video, such as when you watch YouTube videos.

Internet

High priority traffic

Best effort traffic

Figure 8. Downstream QoS assigns high priority to video streaming from the Internet

NETGEAR recommends that you enable downstream QoS only if you watch streaming

Internet video. When downstream QoS assigns a high priority to streaming video, it also assigns lower priority to the rest of your Internet traffic. That means other tasks like downloading content from the Internet take longer.

To enable downstream QoS:

1.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

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51

2.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Downstream QoS

tab.

The Downstream QoS page displays

6.

7.

Select the

Enable Downstream QoS (Improved Video Streaming)

check box.

(Optional) Select the

Streaming Database Auto Upgrade

check box.

The router automatically checks for updates for the streaming database, and downloads and installs them.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

The router assigns a high priority to video streaming from the Internet traffic.

Add Downstream QoS Rules by Keyword

To add a downstream QoS rule by keyword:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Downstream QoS

tab.

The Downstream QoS page displays

6.

7.

Select the

Enable Downstream QoS (Improved Video Streaming)

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

The QoS Rules displays.

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52

8.

In the Add Rules section, select the

by Keyword

radio button.

The page adjusts.

9.

In the

Rule Name

field, type the name of the rule.

10.

In the

Keyword

field, type a keyword.

11.

Click the

Add

button.

The rule is added to the QoS rules. The router assigns high priority to Internet traffic from the server that matches the keyword.

Add a Downstream QoS Rule by Device

To add a downstream QoS rule by keyword:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

The WMM page displays.

5.

Select the

Downstream QoS

tab.

The Downstream QoS page displays

6.

7.

Select the

Enable Downstream QoS (Improved Video Streaming)

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

The QoS Rules displays.

8.

In the Add Rules section, select the

by Device

radio button.

The page adjusts.

9.

In the

MAC Device

list, select a radio button for a device.

10.

Click the

Add

button.

The router assigns high priority to streaming traffic that goes from the Internet to the device you specified.

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53

Improve Network Connections with Universal Plug and

Play

Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) helps devices, such as Internet appliances and computers, access the network and connect to other devices as needed. UPnP devices can automatically discover the services from other registered UPnP devices on the network.

If you use applications such as multiplayer gaming, peer-to-peer connections, or real-time communications such as instant messaging or remote assistance (a feature in Windows XP), enable UPnP.

To enable Universal Plug and Play:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > UPnP

.

The UPnP page displays.

5.

Select the

Turn UPnP On

check box.

By default, this check box is selected. UPnP for automatic device configuration can be enabled or disabled. If the

Turn UPnP On

check box is cleared, the router does not allow any device to automatically control router resources, such as port forwarding.

6.

Type the advertisement period in minutes.

The advertisement period specifies how often the router broadcasts its UPnP information.

This value can range from 1 to 1440 minutes. The default period is 30 minutes. Shorter durations ensure that control points have current device status at the expense of more network traffic. Longer durations can compromise the freshness of the device status, but can significantly reduce network traffic.

7.

Type the advertisement time to live in hops.

The time to live for the advertisement is measured in hops (steps) for each UPnP packet sent. Hops are the steps a packet takes between routers. The number of hops can range from 1 to 255. The default value for the advertisement time to live is 4 hops, which should be fine for most home networks. If you notice that some devices are not being updated or reached correctly, it might be necessary to increase this value.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

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54

The UPnP Portmap Table displays the IP address of each UPnP device that is accessing the router and which ports (internal and external) that device has opened. The UPnP

Portmap Table also displays what type of port is open and whether that port is still active for each IP address.

9.

To refresh the information in the UPnP Portmap table, click the

Refresh

button.

Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service

Wi-Fi Multimedia Quality of Service (WMM QoS) prioritizes wireless voice and video traffic over the WiFi link. WMM QoS is automatically enabled for the router.

WMM QoS prioritizes wireless data packets from different applications based on four access categories: voice, video, best effort, and background. For an application to receive the benefits of WMM QoS, both it and the client running that application must have WMM enabled. Legacy applications that do not support WMM and applications that do not require

QoS are assigned to the best effort category, which receives a lower priority than voice and video.

To disable WMM QoS:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > QoS Setup

.

Clear the

Enable WMM (Wi-Fi multimedia) settings (2.4 GHz b/g/n)

check box.

Clear the

Enable WMM (Wi-Fi multimedia) settings (5 GHz b/g/n)

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Enable or Disable Smart Connect

Smart Connect selects the fastest WiFi band for your device. For Smart Connect to work, the

2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands must use the same WiFi network name (SSID) and network key

(password). That means that when you connect to the router with WiFi, you see only one

SSID that connects to both bands.

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55

Note:

If you enable Smart Connect and the SSID and passwords for the 2.4

GHz and 5 GHz bands do not match, the WiFi settings for 2.4 GHz band overwrites the WiFi settings for 5 GHz band.

To enable or disable Smart Connect:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

Wireless

.

5.

Select or clear the

Enable Smart Connect

check box.

Selecting this check box turns on Smart Connect and clearing this check box turns off

Smart Connect.

6.

Click the

Apply

button.

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56

Your settings are saved.

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57

5.

Control Access to the Internet

5

The router comes with a built-in firewall that helps protect your home network from unwanted intrusions from the Internet.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Set Up Parental Controls

Allow or Block Access to Your Network

Use Keywords to Block Internet Sites

Block Services from the Internet

Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services

Avoid Blocking on a Trusted Computer

Set Up Security Event Email Notifications

58

Set Up Parental Controls

The first time that you select Parental Controls from the BASIC Home page, your browser goes to the

Parental Controls

website.You can learn more about Parental Controls or download the application.

After you set up and enabled parental controls, you can change the web filtering level for each device on the network through the network map page on the genie app.

To set up Parental Controls:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

Parental Controls

.

The

Parental Controls

website opens.

5.

6.

7.

Click the button for the app or version that you want to download and use.

Follow the onscreen instructions to download and install the genie app.

Open the genie app and select

Parental Controls

.

After installation, Live Parental Controls automatically starts.

8.

Click the

Next

button, read the note, and click the

Next

button again to proceed.

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59

Because Live Parental Controls uses free OpenDNS accounts, you are prompted to log in or create a free account.

9.

Select the radio button that applies to you:

If you already have an OpenDNS account, leave the

Yes

radio button selected.

If you do not have an OpenDNS account, select the

No

radio button.

If you are creating an account, the Create a free OpenDNS account page displays.

Do the following:

a. b.

Complete the fields.

Click the

Next

button.

After you log on or create your account, the filtering level page displays.

10.

Select a radio button for a filtering level and click the

Next

button.

The Setup is complete.

11.

Click the

Take me to the status page

button.

The Status page displays. Parental Controls are now set up for the router.

12.

To enable Parental Controls, click the

Enable Live Parental Controls

button to enable it.

Allow or Block Access to Your Network

You can use access control to block access to your network.

To set up access control:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Security > Access Control

.

The Access Control page displays.

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60

5.

Select the

Turn on Access Control

check box.

You must select this check box before you can specify an access rule and use the Allow and Block buttons. When this check box is cleared, all devices are allowed to connect, even if the device is in the blocked list.

6.

Select an access rule:

• Allow all new devices to connect

. With this setting, if you buy a new device, it can access your network. You don’t need to enter its MAC address in this page.

NETGEAR recommends that you leave this radio button selected.

• Block all new devices from connecting

. With this setting, if you buy a new device, before it can access your network, you must enter its MAC address for an Ethernet connection and its MAC address for a WiFi connection in the allowed list.

The access rule does not affect previously blocked or allowed devices. It applies only to devices joining your network in the future after you apply these settings.

7.

8.

To allow the computer or device you’re currently using to continue to access the network, select the check box next to your computer or device, and click the

Allow

button.

To view a list allowed or blocked devices that are not connected, click the following menus:

• View list of allowed devices not currently connected to the network

• View list of blocked devices not currently connected to the network

The list displays.

9.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes take effect.

Use Keywords to Block Internet Sites

You can use keywords to block certain Internet sites from your network. You can use blocking all the time or based on a schedule.

To set block Internet sites:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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61

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Security > Block Sites

.

5.

Select one of the keyword blocking options:

• Per Schedule

. Turn on keyword blocking according to the Schedule page settings.

(See

Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services

on page 64.)

• Always

. Turn on keyword blocking all the time, independent of the Schedule page.

6.

In the

Keyword

field, enter a keyword or domain that you want to block.

For example:

Specify XXX to block http://www.badstuff.com/xxx.html.

Specify .com if you want to allow only sites with domain suffixes such as .edu or .gov.

Enter a period (

.

) to block all Internet browsing access.

7.

Click the

Add Keyword button.

The keyword is added to the keyword list. The keyword list supports up to 32 entries.

8. C

lick the

Apply

button.

Keyword blocking takes effect.

To delete keywords from the list:

1.

Do one of the following:

To delete a single word, select it and click the

Delete Keyword button.

The keyword is removed from the list.

To delete all keywords on the list, click the Clear List button.

All keywords are removed from the list.

2. Click t

he

Apply

button

.

Your changes are saved.

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62

Block Services from the Internet

You can block Internet services on your network based on the type of service. You can block the services all the time or based on a schedule.

To block services:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

Select

ADVANCED > Security > Block Services

.

Specify when to block the services:

To block the services all the time, select the

Always

radio button.

To block the services based on a schedule, select the

Per Schedule

radio button.

To specify the schedule, see

Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services

on page 64.

6.

Click the

Add

button.

The Block Services Setup page displays:

7.

To add a service that is in the

Service Type

list, select the application or service.

The settings for this service automatically display in the fields.

8.

To add a service or application that is not the list, select

User Defined.

a.

b.

If you know that the application uses either TCP or UDP, select the appropriate protocol; otherwise, select

TCP/UDP (both)

.

Enter the starting port and ending port numbers.

If the service uses a single port number, enter that number in both fields.

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63

9.

To find out which port numbers the service or application uses, you can contact the publisher of the application, ask user groups or newsgroups, or search on the

Internet.

To specify how to filter the services, select one of the following radio buttons:

• Only This IP Address

. Block services for a single computer.

IP Address Range

. Block services for a range of computers with consecutive IP addresses on your network.

All lP Addresses

. Block services for all computers on your network.

10.

Click the

Add button

.

Your changes are saved.

Schedule When to Block Internet Sites and Services

When you schedule blocking, the same schedule is used to block sites and to block services.

For information about how to specify what you want the router to block, see

Use Keywords to

Block Internet Sites

on page 61 and

Block Services from the Internet

on page 63.

To schedule blocking:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

Select

ADVANCED > Security > Schedule

.

Specify when to block keywords and services:

• Days to Block

. Select the check box for each day that you want to block the keywords or select the

Every Day

check box, which automatically selects the check boxes for all days.

• Time of Day to Block

. Select a start and end time in 24-hour format, or select

All

Day

for 24-hour blocking.

6.

7.

8.

Select your time zone from the list.

If you use daylight saving time, select the

Automatically adjust for daylight savings time

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

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64

Avoid Blocking on a Trusted Computer

You can exempt one trusted computer from blocking. The computer you exempt must have a fixed IP address. You can use the reserved IP address feature to specify the IP address. See

Reserve LAN IP Addresses

on page 125

To specify a trusted computer:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Security > Block Sites

.

Scroll down and select the

Allow trusted IP address to visit blocked sites

check box.

In the

Trusted IP Address

field, enter the IP address of the trusted computer.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Set Up Security Event Email Notifications

The router can email you its logs of router activity. The log records router activity and security events such as attempts to access blocked sites or services.

To set up email notifications:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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65

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Security > E-mail

.

5.

6.

Select the

Turn Email Notification On

check box.

In the

Send to This E-mail Address

field, enter the email address to which logs and alerts are sent.

This email address is also used for the

From

address. If this field is blank, log and alert messages are not sent.

7.

In the

Your Outgoing Mail Server

field, enter the name of your ISP outgoing (SMTP) mail server (such as mail.myISP.com).

You might be able to find this information in the configuration page of your email program.

If you leave this field blank, log and alert messages are not sent.

8.

In the

Outgoing Mail Server Port Number

field, enter your mail server’s port number.

You might be able to find this information in the configuration page of your email program.

9.

If your outgoing email server requires authentication, select the

My Mail Server requires authentication

check box.

a.

b.

In the

In the

User Name

Password

field, type the user name for the outgoing email server.

field, type the password for the outgoing email server.

10.

(Optional) Select the

Send E-mail notification when a downloader task

is finished check box.

11.

(Optional) Select the

Send Alerts Immediately

check box.

Email alerts are sent immediately when someone attempts to visit a blocked site.

12.

To send logs based on a schedule, specify these settings:

From type.

Send logs according to this schedule

drop-down list, select the schedule

From the

From the

Day

drop-down list, select the day.

Time

drop-down list, select the time, and select the

am

or

pm

radio button.

13.

Click the

Apply

button.

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66

Your settings are saved.

Logs are sent automatically. If the log fills up before the specified time, it is sent. After the log is sent, it is cleared from the router memory. If the router cannot email the log and the log buffer fills up, the router overwrites the log.

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67

6.

Share USB Devices Attached to the

Router

6

This chapter describes how to access and configure a USB storage device attached to your router. The USB port on the router can be used only to connect USB storage devices like flash drives or hard drives, or a printer. Do not connect computers, USB modems, CD drives, or DVD drives to the router USB port.

This chapter contains the following sections:

USB Device Requirements

Access a USB Device on the Network

Back Up Windows Computers with ReadySHARE Vault

Back Up Mac Computers with Time Machine

Control Access to the USB Device

Use FTP Within the Network

Safely Remove a USB Device

View Network Folders on a USB Device

Add a Network Folder on a USB Device

Edit a Network Folder on a USB Device

For more information about ReadySHARE features, visit

www.netgear.com/readyshare

.

68

USB Device Requirements

The router works with most USB-compliant external flash and hard drives. For the most up-to-date list of USB drives that the router supports, visit

http://kbserver.netgear.com/readyshare

.

Some USB external hard drives and flash drives require you to load the drivers onto the computer before the computer can access the USB storage device. Such USB storage devices do not work with the router.

The router supports the following file system types for full read/write access:

FAT16, FAT32

NTFS

NTFS with compression format enabled

Ext2, Ext3, Ext4

XFS

HFS

HFS+

Access a USB Device on the Network

ReadySHARE lets you access and share a USB storage device connected to the router USB port. (If your USB storage device uses special drivers, it is not compatible.)

USB 3.0 port

Figure 9. The blue USB 3.0 port on the front of the router provides the fastest access

Share USB Devices Attached to the Router

69

Connect a USB Device to the Router

To connect a USB storage device to the router:

1.

Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.

The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on the rear panel of the router.

2.

If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.

You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.

When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

Access the USB Device from a Mac

To access the USB storage device from a Mac :

1.

Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.

The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on the rear panel of the router.

2.

If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.

You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.

When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

3.

On a Mac that is connected to the network, launch Finder and select

Go > Connect to

Server

.

The Connect to Server window displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Enter the

smb://readyshare

in the Server Address field.

Click the

Connect

button.

When prompted, select the

Guest

radio button.

If you set up access control on the router and you allowed your Mac to access the network, select the Registered User radio button and enter admin for the name and password for the password.

For more information about access control, see

Allow or Block Access to Your Network

on page 60.

8.

Click the

Connect

button.

A window displays the files and folders on the device.

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70

Access a USB Device from a Windows Computer

To access the USB storage device from a Windows computer:

1.

Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.

The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on the rear panel of the router.

2.

If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.

You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.

When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

3.

4.

5.

On a Windows computer that is connected to the network, select

Start > Run

.

Enter

\\readyshare

in the dialog box.

Click the

OK

button.

A window displays the files and folders on the device.

Map the USB Storage Device to a Windows Network Drive

To map the USB device to a Windows network drive:

1.

2.

Connect your USB storage device to the USB port on the router.

If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.

You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.

When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

3.

4.

5.

On a Windows computer that is connected to the network, select

Start > Run

.

Enter

\\readyshare

in the dialog box.

Click the

OK

button.

A window displays the USB storage device.

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71

6.

Right-click the USB storage device and select

Map network drive

.

The Map Network Drive window displays:

7.

8.

Select the drive letter to map to the network folder.

Click the

Finish

button.

The USB device is mapped to the drive letter that you specified.

Share USB Devices Attached to the Router

72

9.

To connect to the USB storage device as a different user, select the

Connect using different credentials

check box, click the

Finish

button, and do the following:

a.

Type the user name and password.

b.

Click the

OK

button.

The USB storage device is mapped to the drive letter that you specified.

Back Up Windows Computers with ReadySHARE Vault

Your router comes with free backup software for all the Windows computers in your home.

Connect a USB hard disk drive (HDD) to the USB port on your router for centralized, continuous, and automatic backup.

The following operating systems support ReadySHARE Vault:

Windows XP SP3

Windows 7

Windows 8

Windows 8.1

Windows 10

To back up your Windows computer:

1.

Connect a USB HDD to a USB port on the router.

The blue, USB 3.0 port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB 2.0 port on the rear panel of the router.

2.

3.

Download ReadySHARE Vault from

www.netgear.com/readyshare

and install it on each

Windows computer.

Launch ReadySHARE Vault.

The dashboard displays.

4.

Use the dashboard or the

Backup

tab to set up and run your backup jobs.

Back Up Mac Computers with Time Machine

You can use Time Machine to back up your Mac computers onto a USB hard disk drive

(HDD) that is connected to one of the router’s USB ports. You can access the connected

USB hard drive from your Mac with a wired or wireless connection to your router.

Set Up a USB Hard Drive on a Mac

NETGEAR recommends that you use a new USB HDD or format your old USB HDD to do the Time Machine backup for the first time. Use a blank partition to prevent some issues during backup using Time Machine. The router supports GUID or MBR partitions.

Share USB Devices Attached to the Router

73

To format your USB hard disk drive and specify partitions:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Physically connect the USB hard drive to your Mac.

On your Mac, go to

Spotlight

(or the magnifying glass) at the top right of the page and search for

Disk Utility

.

Open the Disk Utility, click the

Erase

tab, and click the

Erase

button.

Click the

Partition

tab.

Click

Partition Layout

and set the number of partitions that you want to use.

Click the

Options

button.

The Partition options display.

7.

8.

9.

Select the

GUID Partition Table

For the format, select

Click the

OK

button.

or

Master Boot Record

Mac OS Extended (Journaled)

10.

Click the

Apply

button.

.

radio button.

Your settings are saved.

Prepare to Back Up a Large Amount of Data

Before you back up a large amount of data with Time Machine, NETGEAR recommends that you follow this procedure.

To prepare to back up a large amount of data:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Upgrade the operating system of the Mac computer.

Verify and repair the backup disk and the local disk.

Verify and repair the permissions on the local disk.

Set Energy Saver:.

a.

From the

Apple

menu, select

System Preferences

.

The System Preference window displays.

b.

Select

Energy Saver

.

The Energy Saver page displays.

5. c. d.

Click the

Power Adapter

tab.

Select the

Wake for Wi-Fi network access

check box.

e.

Click the

Back arrow

to save the changes and exit the page.

Modify your security settings.

a.

From the

System Preferences

window, select

Security & Privacy

.

The Security & Privacy page displays.

b.

Click the

Advanced

button at the bottom of the page.

Share USB Devices Attached to the Router

74

If the Advanced button is grayed out, click the lock icon so that you can change the settings.

c. d.

Clear the

Log out after minutes of inactivity

check box.

Click the

OK

button.

Your changes are saved.

Use Time Machine to Back Up onto a USB Hard Drive

You can use Time Machine to back up your Mac computers onto a USB HDD that is connected to one of the router’s USB ports.

To back up your Mac onto a USB hard drive:

1.

Prepare your USB HDD with a compatible format and partitions

For more information, see

Set Up a USB Hard Drive on a Mac

on page 73.

2.

3.

If you plan to back up a large amount of data, see

Prepare to Back Up a Large Amount of

Data

on page 74.

Insert your USB HDD into a USB port on the router.

Note:

If your USB HDD uses a power supply, you must use it when you connect the USB HDD to the router.

The blue USB 3.0-Storage port on the front of the router performs faster than the USB

2.0-Printer port on the rear panel of the router.

When you connect the USB HDD to the router USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB drive is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

4.

On your Mac computer that is connected to the router’s network, launch Finder and select

Go > Connect to Server

.

The Connect to Server window displays.

5.

6.

7.

Type

smb://routerlogin.net

and click the

Connect

button.

When prompted, select the

Registered User radio

button.

Enter

admin

for the name and

password

for the password and click the

Connect

button.

A list of USB devices connected to your router displays.

8.

From the

Apple

menu, select

System Preferences

.

The System Preferences window displays.

9.

Select

Time Machine

.

The Time Machine window displays.

10.

Click the

Select Backup Disk

button and select your USB device from the list.

11.

Click the

Use Disk

button.

Share USB Devices Attached to the Router

75

Note:

If you do not see the USB partition that you want in the Time Machine disk list, go to Mac finder and click that USB partition. It displays in the

Time Machine list.

12.

When prompted, select the

Registered User radio

button.

13.

Enter

admin

for the name and

password

for the password and click the

Connect

button.

The setup is complete and the Mac automatically schedules a full back up. You can back up immediately if you want.

Control Access to the USB Device

You can specify the device name, workgroups, and network folders for your USB device.

To specify the USB access settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

5.

Specify access to the USB storage device:

• Network Device Name

. This is the name used to access the USB device connected to the router. The default is readyshare.

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76

-

-

-

-

-

Workgroup

. If you are using a Windows workgroup rather than a domain, the workgroup name is displayed here. The name works only in an operating system that supports NetBIOS, such as Microsoft Windows.

Access Method

. Select the check boxes for the access methods that you want:

Network Connection

. Enabled by default.

HTTP

. Enabled by default. You can type

http://readyshare.routerlogin.net/shares

to access the USB drive.

HTTPS (via Internet)

. Disabled by default. If you enable this feature, remote users can type

http://

<public IP address/shares> (

for example, http://1.1.10.102/shares) or a URL domain name to access the USB drive over the

Internet. This feature supports file uploading only.

FTP

. Disabled by default.

FTP (via Internet)

. Disabled by default. If you select this check box, remote users can access the USB drive through FTP over the Internet. This feature supports both downloading and uploading of files.

6.

If you changed the settings, click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Use FTP Within the Network

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) lets you send and receive large files faster.

To set up FTP access:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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77

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

5.

6.

Select the

FTP

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

View Network Folders on a USB Device

You can view or change the network folders on the USB storage device

To view network folders:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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78

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

5.

Scroll down to the Available Networks Folder section of the page, and adjust the following settings:

• Share Name

. If only one device is connected, the default share name is

USB_Storage. (Some router models have more than one USB port.)

You can click the name, or you can type it in the address field of your web browser. If

Not Shared is shown, the default share has been deleted, and no other share for the root folder exists. Click the link to change this setting.

Read Access and Write Access

. Show the permissions and access controls on the network folder. All–no password (the default) allows all users to access the network folder. The password for admin is the same one that you use to log in to the router.

Folder Name

. Full path of the network folder.

Volume Name

. Volume name from the storage device (either USB drive or HDD).

Total Space and Free Space

. Show the current utilization of the storage device.

Add a Network Folder on a USB Device

You can add network folders on the USB storage device.

To add a network folder:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

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79

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

5.

Click the

Create Network Folder

button.

If this page does not display, your web browser might be blocking pop-ups. If it is, change the browser settings to allow pop-ups.

6.

7.

8.

9.

In the

USB Device list

, select the USB drive.

Click the

Browse

button and in the

Folder

field, select the folder.

In the

Share Name

field, type the name of the share.

In the

Read Access

list and the

Write Access

list, select the settings that you want.

The user name (account name) for All–no password is guest. The password for admin is the same one that is used to log in to the router. By default, it is password.

10.

Click the

Apply

button.

The folder is added on the USB device.

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80

Edit a Network Folder on a USB Device

You can edit network folders on the USB storage device.

To edit a network folder:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

5.

Click the

Edit

button.

The Edit Network Folder page displays the same settings shown in the Add a Network

Folder page.

6.

7.

Change the settings in the fields as needed.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Safely Remove a USB Device

Before you physically disconnect a USB storage device from the router USB port, log in to the router and take the device offline.

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81

To remove a USB disk drive safely:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

5.

Click the

Safely Remove USB Device

button.

This takes the drive offline.

6.

Physically disconnect the USB drive.

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82

7.

Manage Dynamic DNS and Access

Storage Devices Through the Internet

7

With Dynamic DNS, you can use the Internet and a personal domain name to access a USB storage device that is attached to a USB port on the router when you are not home. If you know the IP address of the router (and the IP address did not change), you can also access the USB storage device by using the IP address.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS

Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

Download Files onto a USB Storage Device

Remotely Access a USB Device Using ReadyCLOUD

View Photos on Your USB Device With Kwilt

For information about how to connect the USB drive and to specify its settings, see

Chapter 6,

Share USB Devices Attached to the Router

.

83

Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS

Internet service providers (ISPs) assign numbers called IP addresses to identify each

Internet account. Most ISPs use dynamically assigned IP addresses. This means that the IP address can change at any time. You can use the IP address to access your network remotely, but most people don’t know what their IP addresses are or when this number changes.

To make it easier to connect, you can get a free account with a Dynamic DNS service that lets you use a domain name to access your home network. To use this account, you must set up the router to use Dynamic DNS. Then the router notifies the Dynamic DNS service provider whenever its IP address changes. When you access your Dynamic DNS account, the service finds the current IP address of your home network and automatically connects you.

If your ISP assigns a private WAN IP address (such as 192.168.x.x or 10.x.x.x), the Dynamic

DNS service does not work because private addresses are not routed on the Internet.

Your Personal FTP Server

With your customized free URL, you can use FTP to access your network when you aren’t home through Dynamic DNS. To set up your FTP server, you must register for a free

NETGEAR Dynamic DNS (DDNS) service account and specify the account settings in the router’s Dynamic DNS page.

FTP Directory: FTP://‘custom name’.mynetgear.com

FTP Directory: FTP://‘custom name’.mynetgear.com

FTP Directory:

FTP://‘custom name’.mynetgear.com

FTP Directory: FTP://‘ custom name’.mynetgear

.com

FTP Directory: FTP://

‘custom name’.mynetgear

.com

Figure 10. You can access your network through the Internet when you;re not home

Note:

The router supports only basic DDNS, and the login and password might not be secure. You can use DDNS with a VPN tunnel for a secure connection.

Manage Dynamic DNS and Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

84

Set Up Your Personal FTP Server

To set up your personal account and use FTP:

1.

Get your free NETGEAR Dynamic DNS domain name.

For more information, see

Your Personal FTP Server

on page 84.

2.

Make sure that your Internet connection is working.

Your router must use a direct Internet connection. It cannot connect to a different router to access the Internet.

3.

4.

Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on the router.

Set up FTP access in the router.

For more information, see

Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet

on page 88.

5.

On a remote computer with Internet access, you can use FTP to access your router using ftp://yourname.mynetgear.com, in which yourname is your specific domain name.

For more information, see

Use FTP to Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

on page 90.

Set Up a New Dynamic DNS Account

To set up Dynamic DNS and register for a free NETGEAR account:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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85

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Settings > Dynamic DNS

.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Select the

Use a Dynamic DNS Service

check box.

In the

Service Provider

list, select

NETGEAR

.

Select the

No

radio button.

In the

Host Name

field, type the name that you want to use for your URL.

The host name is sometimes called the domain name. Your free URL includes the host name that you specify, and ends with mynetgear.com. For example, specify

MyName.mynetgear.com

.

9.

In the

Email

field, type the email address that you want to use for your account.

10.

In the

Password (6-32 characters)

field, type the password for your account.

11.

Click the

Register

button.

12.

Follow the onscreen instructions to register for your NETGEAR Dynamic DNS service.

13.

To check that Dynamic DNS is enabled in the router, click the

Show Status

button.

A message displays the Dynamic DNS status.

Specify a DNS Account That You Already Created

If you already have a Dynamic DNS account with NETGEAR no-ip, www.no-ip.com, or www.DynDNS.org, you can set up the router to use your account.

To set up Dynamic DNS if you already created an account:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

Manage Dynamic DNS and Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

86

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Settings > Dynamic DNS

.

5.

6.

Select the

Use a Dynamic DNS Service

check box.

In the

Service Provider

list, select one of the following:

NETGEAR www.no-ip.com

www.DynDNS.org

7.

Select the

Yes

radio button.

The page adjusts and displays the Show Status, Cancel, and Apply buttons.

8.

9.

In the

Host Name

field, type the host name (sometimes called the domain name) for your account.

For a www.no-ip or www.DynDNS account, in the

User Name

field, enter the user name for your account.

10.

For a NETGEAR account at www.no-ip, in the

Email

field, type the email address for your account.

11.

In the

Password (6-32 characters)

field, type the password for your DDNS account.

12.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

13.

To verify that your Dynamic DNS service is enabled in the router, click the

Show Status

button.

A message displays the Dynamic DNS status.

Manage Dynamic DNS and Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

87

Change the Dynamic DNS Settings

To change your settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Settings > Dynamic DNS

.

Change your DDNS account settings as necessary.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

You can access the USB storage device through the Internet when you’re not home.

To access the USB storage device from a remote computer:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser on a computer that is not on your home network.

Connect to your home router:

To connect with Dynamic DNS, type the DNS name.

To use a Dynamic DNS account, you must enter the account information in the

Dynamic DNS page. See

Set Up and Manage Dynamic DNS

on page 84.

To connect without Dynamic DNS, type the router’s Internet port IP address.

You can view the router’s Internet IP address on the BASIC Home page.

You can use FTP to share files on a USB drive connected to the router.

Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet

To set up FTP access:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

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88

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

5.

6.

Select the

FTP (via Internet)

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

7.

To limit access to the admin user, click the

Edit

button.

8.

In the

Read Access

list, select

admin

.

9.

In the

Write Access

list, select

admin

.

10.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

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89

Use FTP to Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

If you attached a USB storage device to the modem router, before you can access the storage device through the Internet with FTP, you must first set it up. For more information, see

Set Up FTP Access Through the Internet

on page 88.

To access the USB storage device with FTP from a remote computer:

1.

Take one of the following actions:

To download a file from a USB storage device connected to the router, launch an web browser.

To upload a file to a USB storage device connected to the router, use an FTP client such as filezilla.

2.

Enter

ftp://

and the Internet port IP address in the address field of the browser.

For example, enter

ftp://10.1.65.4

.

If you are using Dynamic DNS, type the DNS name.

For example, enter

ftp://MyName.mynetgear.com

.

3.

When prompted, log in:.

To log in as admin, in the user name field, type

admin

and in the password field, type the same password that you use to log in to the router.

To log in as guest, in the user name field, enter

guest

.

The guest user name does not have a password. To restrict access to the USB drive, you can specify that only the admin user can access it. See

Control Access to the

USB Device

on page 76.

4.

5.

The files and folders of the USB drive that your account has access to display. For example, you might see share/partition1/directory1

.

Navigate to a location on the USB storage device.

Download or upload the file.

Download Files onto a USB Storage Device

NETGEAR Downloader is a download agent that runs on the router. You can use it to download files onto a USB HDD that is connected to the router so that you do not need to keep the computer running.

Download Files

To use NETGEAR Downloader to download files:

1.

2.

Connect your USB storage device to the router USB port.

If your USB device uses a power supply, connect it.

Manage Dynamic DNS and Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

90

You must use the power supply when you connect the USB device to the router.

When you connect the USB device to the router USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

3.

4.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

5.

Enter the user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

6.

Select

NETGEAR Downloader (BETA)

.

The Download Manager page displays.

7.

Select the

Enable NETGEAR Downloader

check box.

The page adjusts:

8.

From the

Download Type

menu, select a download protocol.

The fields change based on which protocol you choose.

9.

Complete the fields presented for the option you chose.

10.

Click the

Add

button.

The router begins the download.

11.

To display the downloading status, click the

Refresh

button.

12.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

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You can use the

Pause

,

Resume

, and

Delete

buttons to manage the downloading tasks. The completed downloading tasks display in the Downloaded Files section.

Change the Download Settings

You can change the default save path to any directory on the USB storage device that is connected to the router. You can change the maximum number of concurrent downloading tasks, but NETGEAR recommends 3 as the most effective setting. You can enable autorefresh to see updated downloading tasks, but this might slow down speed of the downloads.

To change NETGEAR Downloader settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > NETGEAR Downloader (BETA) > Downloader Settings

.

5.

6.

Make any needed changes.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Send Downloader Email Notifications

The router can email you when a downloader task is finished.

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92

To set up email notifications when a downloader task is finished:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > NETGEAR Downloader (BETA) > Downloader Settings

.

5.

Click the

Configure Email

button.

The E-mail page displays.

6.

7.

Select the

Send E-mail notifications when a downloader task is finished

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Manage Downloader Tasks

To manage Downloader tasks:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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93

4.

Select

ADVANCED > NETGEAR Downloader (BETA) > Download Manager

.

5.

6.

Make any needed changes.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Remotely Access a USB Device Using ReadyCLOUD

NETGEAR ReadyCLOUD for routers lets you remotely access files stored on a USB storage device that is connected to the router. Before you can use ReadyCLOUD, you must create a

ReadyCLOUD account and register your router.

A ReadyCLOUD app is also available for Windows computers, Android mobile devices, and iOS mobile devices. For more information about setting up ReadyCLOUD, see the

ReadyCLOUD for Routers User Manual, which is available online at

http://downloadcenter.netgear.com

.

Create a ReadyCLOUD Account

To create a ReadyCLOUD account:

7.

8.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device.

Visit

http://readycloud.netgear.com

.

The ReadyCLOUD Welcome page displays.

9.

Click the

Sign In

link.

The Sign In page displays.

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94

10.

Click the

Create Account

link.

11.

Complete the fields to set up your account, and click the

Create

button.

You are now ready to register your router with your ReadyCLOUD account.

Register Your Router With ReadyCLOUD

After you create a ReadyCLOUD account, you must register your router with your

ReadyCLOUD account.

To register your router with your ReadyCLOUD account:

1.

2.

Visit

http://kb.netgear.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/27323/

and check to see if you router supports ReadyCLOUD.

Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on the router.

If your USB storage device uses a power supply, you must use it when you connect the

USB storage device to the router.

When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

3.

4.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window opens.

5.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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95

6.

Select

ReadySHARE

.

7.

Select the

ReadyCLOUD

radio button.

8.

Enter your ReadyCLOUD user name and password and click the

Register

button.

If you did not create a ReadyCLOUD account, see

Create a ReadyCLOUD Account

on page 94.

The router is registered with ReadyCLOUD.

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96

Note:

If the router’s Internet connection mode is set to Dial on Demand, the router automatically changes the connection mode to Always On. This change is required for ReadyCLOUD to remotely access the USB storage device.

9.

After registration, visit

http://readycloud.netgear.com

.

10.

Click the

Sign In

link, enter your ReadyCLOUD user name and password, and click the

Sign In

button.

The ReadyCLOUD page displays the router that you registered and the contents of the

USB storage device that is connected to the router.

View Photos on Your USB Device With Kwilt

You can use Kwilt to view photos stored on a USB storage device that is connected to the router. Kwilt is a free app for iOS devices that lets you view photos from different sources.

To add the router to your Kwilt account and view photos stored on a USB storage device:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Transfer your photos to a USB storage device.

Connect your USB storage device to the router.

Make sure that the router is connected to the Internet.

Connect your iOS device to the router’s WiFi network.

If you set up a guest network, make sure that you are not connected to the guest network.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Download the Kwilt app to your iOS device from the Apple App Store.

Launch the Kwilt app on your iOS device.

Log in or create a Kwilt account.

If you created a new account, authorize your photo streams, add them to your account, and read the tutorial.

The Kwilt timeline page displays.

9.

Tap the icon.

The Kwilt settings page displays.

10.

Tap

PHOTO STREAMS

and tap the icon.

The ADD PHOTO STREAMS page displays.

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97

11.

Scroll down to the STORAGE DEVICES section and tap

KWILT STREAMER

.

Your router displays in the device list.

12.

Tap the router and tap the

ADD

button.

The router is added to your account and you can now use the Kwilt app to view the photos stored on the USB storage device, even when you are away from home.

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98

8.

Use the Router as a Media Server

8

This chapter contains the following sections:

Specify ReadyDLNA Media Server Settings

Play Music from a USB Storage Device with iTunes Server

Set Up the Router to Work With TiVo

Play Media From a USB Device on TiVo

99

Specify ReadyDLNA Media Server Settings

By default, the router acts as a ReadyDLNA media server, which lets you view movies and photos on DLNA/UPnP AV-compliant media players, such as Xbox360, Playstation, and

NETGEAR media players.

To specify media server settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.

5.

Select the

Media Server

tab.

The Media Server (Settings) page displays.

6.

Specify the settings:

• Enable Media Server

server.

. Select this check box to enable this device to act as a media

Enable TiVo support

. Select this check box if you want to play ReadyNAS media on

your TiVo device. See the

Play Media From a USB Device on TiVo

on page 105.

Media Server Device Name

. Specify the name of the media server.

7.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Play Music from a USB Storage Device with iTunes Server

iTunes server lets you play music from a USB device that is connected to a USB port on your router with iTunes on your Windows or Mac computer or with the Apple Remote app on your

Use the Router as a Media Server

100

iPhone or iPad. You can also use the Apple Remote app from an iPhone or iPad to play music on any AirPlay devices, such as Apple TV or AirPlay-supported receivers.

Figure 11. Play music on a USB drive with iTunes

Supported music file formats are MP3, AAC, and FLAC. The maximum number of music files supported is 10,000.

Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With iTunes

You can play music from a USB device that is connected to your router with iTunes on your

Windows or Mac computer using Home Sharing. To set up Home Sharing, you need an

Apple account and the latest version of iTunes installed on your computer.

To set up the router’s iTunes server to play music on iTunes:

1.

2.

Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on your router.

If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.

You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.

When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

3.

4.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to your router’s network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

5.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

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101

The BASIC Home page displays.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.

7.

Select the

Media Server

tab.

The Media Server (Settings) page displays.

8.

Select the

Enable iTunes Media Server (Music Only)

check box and click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

9.

On your Windows or Mac computer, launch iTunes.

10.

Select

File > Home Sharing > Turn On Home Sharing

.

The Home Sharing page displays.

11.

Enter your Apple ID email address and password and click the

Turn On Home Sharing

button.

When Home Sharing is enabled, a

Home Sharing

icon displays in iTunes .

12.

Click the

Home Sharing

icon and from the menu, select the router.

The music that is on the USB device that is connected to the router displays in iTunes.

Set Up the Router’s iTunes Server With the Remote App

You can play music from a USB device that is connected to your router on your iPhone or iPad using the Apple Remote app.

To set up the router’s iTunes server to play music on your iPhone or iPad:

1.

2.

Connect a USB storage device to a USB port on your router.

If your USB storage device uses a power supply, connect it.

You must use the power supply when you connect the USB storage device to the router.

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102

When you connect the USB storage device to the router’s USB port, it might take up to two minutes before it is ready for sharing. By default, the USB storage device is available to all computers on your local area network (LAN).

3.

4.

Connect your iPhone or iPad to your router’s WiFi network.

Download the Remote app from the Apple App Store.

5.

Launch the Remote app from your iPhone or iPad.

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103

6.

Click the

Add a Device

button.

7.

Specify the passcode in the router to set up your iTunes Server:

a.

b.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to your router’s network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

c.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

d.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.

e.

Select the

Media Server

tab.

The Media Server (Settings) page displays.

f. g.

Select the

Enable iTunes Media Server (Music Only)

check box and click the

Apply

button.

Enter the passcode and click the

Allow Control

button.

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104

Your settings are saved.

Your iPhone or iPad pairs with the router and the iTunes Server is ready. The router displays in the Remote app.

8.

In the Remote app, tap the router your iPhone or iPad is connected to.

The music that is on the USB storage device that is connected to the router displays in the app.

Set Up the Router to Work With TiVo

You can set up your TiVo to access media files stored on a USB device that is connected to your router. The TiVo must be on the same network as the router. This feature supports the following file formats:

Video

. See and play mpeg1

, and mpeg2

files.

Music

. See and play MP3 files.

Pictures

. View images in jpg

format.

You can use the TiVo (Series 2 and up) Home Media Option to play photos and music on your Windows or Mac computer in your TiVo user interface.

To set up the router to work with TiVo:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > USB Functions > ReadySHARE Storage

.

The USB Storage (Advanced Settings) page displays.

5.

Select the

Media Server

tab.

The Media Server (Settings) page displays.

6.

Make sure that the

Enable TiVo support

check box is selected.

Play Media From a USB Device on TiVo

Make sure that you set up the router to work with TiVo. For more information, see

Set Up the

Router to Work With TiVo

on page 105.

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105

Play Videos on TiVo

To play videos:

1.

On the TiVo, select

TiVo Central > My Shows

.

2.

Go to the bottom of the list and select the router.

Play Music or View Photos on TiVo

To play music or view photos:

1.

On the TiVo, select

TiVo Central > Music, Photos, & Showcases

.

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106

2.

Select an item to play or watch.

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107

9.

Share a USB Printer

9

The ReadySHARE Printer utility lets you share a USB printer that is connected to the USB port on your router. You can share this USB printer among the Windows and Mac computers on your network.

For more information about the features available in the NETGEAR USB Control Center, see the

ReadySHARE Printer User Manual, which is available

http://downloadcenter.netgear.com

.

This chapter contains the following sections:

Install the Printer Driver and Cable the Printer

Download the ReadySHARE Printer Utility

Install the ReadySHARE Printer Utility

Print Using the NETGEAR USB Control Center

View or Change the Status of a Printer

Use the Scan Feature of a Multifunction USB Printer

Change NETGEAR USB Control Center Settings

108

Install the Printer Driver and Cable the Printer

Some USB printer manufacturers (for example, HP and Lexmark printers) request that you do not connect the USB cable until the installation software prompts you to do so.

To install the driver and cable the printer:

1.

On each computer on your network that shares the USB printer, install the driver software for the USB printer.

If you do not have the printer driver, contact the printer manufacturer.

2.

Use a USB printer cable to connect the USB printer to the router USB port.

USB port

Download the ReadySHARE Printer Utility

The utility works on Windows and Mac computers.

To download the utility:

1.

2.

3.

Visit

www.netgear.com/readyshare

.

Click the

PRINT - Learn how you can print wirelessly from many devices

link.

Click one of the following links to download the ReadySHARE Printer utility setup file:

• Download PC installer and get started

computers.

. Download the utility for Windows

Download Mac installer and get started

. Download the utility for MAC computers.

Download the genie App and get started

. Download the genie app to set up

AirPrint with your iOS device.

4.

Follow the onscreen instructions to install the ReadySHARE Printer utility.

Install the ReadySHARE Printer Utility

You must install the ReadySHARE Printer utility on each computer that will share the printer.

After you install it, the utility displays as NETGEAR USB Control Center on your computer.

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109

To install the utility:

1.

2.

If necessary, unzip the ReadySHARE Printer utility setup file.

Double-click the ReadySHARE Printer utility setup file that you downloaded.

3.

Follow the wizard instructions to install NETGEAR USB Control Center.

After the InstallShield Wizard completes the installation, the NETGEAR USB Control

Center prompts you to select a language:

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110

4.

Select a language from the menu and click the

OK

button.

The USB printer connected to the router displays in the NETGEAR USB Control Center window.

Note:

Some firewall software, such as Comodo or Norton, blocks

NETGEAR USB Control Center from accessing the USB printer. If you do not see the USB printer displayed in the utility, you can disable the firewall temporarily to allow the utility to work.

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111

Print Using the NETGEAR USB Control Center

For each computer, after you click the

Connect

and

Disconnect

buttons once, the utility automatically manages the printing queue and handling. By default, the utility starts automatically whenever you log on to Windows and runs in the background.

To print a document using the NETGEAR USB Control Center:

1.

Click the

NETGEAR USB Control Center

icon .

2.

Select a printer and click the

Connect

button.

The printer status changes to Manually connected by

Mycomputer

. Now only the computer you are using can use this printer.

3.

Use the print feature in your application to print your document.

The NETGEAR USB Control Center automatically connects your computer to the USB printer and prints the document. If another computer is already connected to the printer, your print job goes into a queue to wait to be printed.

4.

5.

If your document does not print, use the NETGEAR USB Control Center to check the printer status.

To release the printer so that all computers on the network can use it, click the

Disconnect

button.

The status changes to Available. Now any computers on the network can use the printer.

6.

To exit the utility, select

System > Exit

.

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112

View or Change the Status of a Printer

To view or change the status:

1.

Click the

NETGEAR USB Control Center

icon .

The Status column shows the status for each device:

2.

Available

. No print jobs are in progress. You can use the USB printer from any computer in the network.

Connected

. Your computer is connected to the printer and will be released when your print job is done.

Manually Connected by

Waiting to Connect

. Only the connected computer can use the printer.

. Your computer is not connected to the shared printer yet.

To print from your computer when the printer status shows Manually connected by

another computer

, do the following:

a.

Click the

Connect

button on your computer.

On the other user’s computer, a message displays that another user wants to connect to the printer.

b.

On the other user’s computer, click the

Accept

button.

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113

The printer is released from the connection and the printer status on your computer changes to Available.

3.

To print from your computer when the status shows Waiting to Connect, do the following:

a.

Click the

Connect

button.

The printer status changes to Manually connected by

Mycomputer

. Now only your computer can use the printer.

b.

To allow the printer to be shared, click the

Disconnect

button.

The printer is released from the connection and the status changes to Available.

Use the Scan Feature of a Multifunction USB Printer

If your USB printer supports scanning, you can also use the USB printer for scanning.

To use the scan feature of a multifunction USB printer:

1.

Click the

NETGEAR USB Control Center

icon .

2.

3.

4.

Make sure that the printer status shows as Available.

Click the

Network Scanner

button.

If a Select a Device window displays, select the scanner and click the

OK

button.

The scanner widow displays so that you can use the USB printer for scanning.

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114

Change NETGEAR USB Control Center Settings

You can stop the NETGEAR USB Control Center from starting automatically when you log in to Windows. You can also change the language and specify the time-out to release the printer connection.

Turn Off Automatic Startup for NETGEAR USB Control Center

You can stop the NETGEAR USB Control Center from starting automatically when you log in to Windows.

To turn off automatic NETGEAR USB Control Center startup:

1.

Click the

NETGEAR USB Control Center

icon .

2.

Select

Tools > Configuration

.

The Control Center - Configuration window displays.

3.

4.

Clear the

Automatically execute when logging on Windows

check box.

Click the

OK

button.

Your settings are saved.

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115

Change the Language in NETGEAR USB Control Center

To change the language:

1.

Click the

NETGEAR USB Control Center

icon .

2.

Select

Tools > Configuration

.

The Control Center - Configuration window displays.

3.

4.

In the

Language

menu, select a language.

Click the

OK

button.

The next time NETGEAR USB Control Center starts, the language changes.

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116

Specify the Time-Out for NETGEAR USB Control Center

Specify the time-out to release the printer connection.

To specify the time-out:

1.

Click the

NETGEAR USB Control Center

icon .

2.

Select

Tools > Configuration

.

The Control Center - Configuration window displays.

3.

In the

Timeout

field, type the number of minutes.

The time-out is the number of minutes that a computer holds its connection to the printer when the connection isn’t being used.

4.

Click the

OK

button.

Your settings are saved.

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117

10.

Specify Network Settings

This chapter includes the following sections:

Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs

View WAN Settings

Set Up a Default DMZ Server

Change the Router’s Device Name

Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings

Specify the IP Addresses that the Router Assigns

Disable the DHCP Server Feature in the Router

Reserve LAN IP Addresses

Use the WPS Wizard for WiFi Connections

Specify Basic WiFi Settings

Change the WiFi Password or Security Level

Set Up a Guest Network

How the Router Manages Wireless Clients

Control the Wireless Radios

Set Up a Wireless Schedule

Specify WPS Settings

Set Up the Router with an Existing Router or Gateway

Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point

Set Up the Router in Bridge Mode

Set Up a Wireless Distribution System

10

118

Disable LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs

The router LEDs on the top panel indicate router activities and behavior. You can disable

LED blinking for network communications, or turn off all LEDs except the Power LED.

To disable LED blinking or turn off the LEDs:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > LED Control Settings

.

By default, the

Enable blinking on Internet LED, LAN LED, Wireless LED, and USB

LED when data traffic is detected

radio button is selected, which allows standard LED

behavior. For information about standard LED behavior, see

descriptions

on page 11.

Table 1, LED and button

5.

6.

7.

To disable blinking, select this radio button:

Disable blinking on Internet LED, LAN LED,

Wireless LED, and USB LED when data traffic is detected

.

To turn off the LEDs, select this radio button:

Turn off all LEDs except Power LED

.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your change takes effect.

View WAN Settings

You can view or configure wide area network (WAN) settings for the Internet port. You can set up a DMZ (demilitarized zone) server, change the maximum transmit unit (MTU) size, and enable the router to respond to a ping to its WAN (Internet) port.

To view the WAN settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

Specify Network Settings

119

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4. Select ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup.

The following settings display:

Disable Port Scan and DoS Protection

. DoS protection protects your LAN against denial of service attacks such as Syn flood, Smurf Attack, Ping of Death, and many others. Select this check box only in special circumstances.

Default DMZ Server

. This feature is sometimes helpful when you are playing online games or videoconferencing, but it makes the firewall security less effective. See

Set

Up a Default DMZ Server

on page 121.

Respond to Ping on Internet Port

. This feature allows your router to be discovered.

Use this feature only as a diagnostic tool or if you have a specific reason.

Disable IGMP Proxying

. IGMP proxying allows a computer on the local area network

(LAN) to receive the multicast traffic it is interested in from the Internet. If you do not need this feature, you can select this check box to disable it.

MTU Size (in bytes)

. The normal MTU (maximum transmit unit) value for most

Ethernet networks is 1500 bytes, or 1492 bytes for PPPoE connections. Change the

MTU only if you are sure that it is necessary for your ISP connection. See

Change the

MTU Size

on page 41.

NAT Filtering

. Network Address Translation (NAT) determines how the router processes inbound traffic. Secured NAT protects computers on the LAN from attacks from the Internet, but might prevent some Internet games, point-to-point applications, or multimedia applications from working. Open NAT provides a much less secured firewall, but allows almost all Internet applications to work.

5.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

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120

Set Up a Default DMZ Server

The default DMZ server feature is helpful when you are using some online games and videoconferencing applications that are incompatible with Network Address Translation

(NAT). The router is programmed to recognize some of these applications and to work correctly with them, but other applications might not function well. In some cases, one local computer can run the application correctly if the IP address for that computer is entered as the default DMZ server.

WARNING:

DMZ servers pose a security risk. A computer designated as the default DMZ server loses much of the protection of the firewall and is exposed to exploits from the Internet. If compromised, the DMZ server computer can be used to attack other computers on your network.

The router usually detects and discards incoming traffic from the Internet that is not a response to one of your local computers or a service that you have configured in the Port

Forwarding/Port Triggering page. Instead of discarding this traffic, you can have the router forward the traffic to one computer on your network. This computer is called the default DMZ server.

To set up a default DMZ server:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > WAN Setup

.

Select the

Default DMZ Server

check box.

Type the IP address.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your change takes effect.

Change the Router’s Device Name

The router’s device name is R7000. This device name displays in file manager when you browse your network.

Specify Network Settings

121

To change the router’s device name:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup

.

In the Device Name field, type a new name.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your change is saved.

Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings

The router is preconfigured to use private IP addresses on the LAN side and to act as a

DHCP server. The router’s default LAN IP configuration is as follows:

LAN IP address

Subnet mask

. 192.168.1.1

. 255.255.255.0

These addresses are part of the designated private address range for use in private networks and are suitable for most applications. If your network requires a different IP addressing scheme, you can change these settings

You might want to change these settings if you need a specific IP subnet that one or more devices on the network uses, or if you have competing subnets with the same IP scheme.

To change the LAN TCP/IP settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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122

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup

.

5.

6.

In the I

P Address

field, type the IP address.

In the

IP Subnet Mask

, type the subnet mask of the router.

The IP address and subnet mask identifies which addresses are local to a specific device and which must be reached through a gateway or router.

7.

Change the RIP settings.

Router Information Protocol (RIP) allows a router to exchange routing information with other routers.

a.

-

-

-

In the

RIP Direction

list, select one of the following:

Both

. The router broadcasts its routing table periodically and incorporates information that it receives.

Out Only

In Only

. The router broadcasts its routing table periodically.

. The router incorporates the RIP information that it receives.

b. In the RIP Version list, select one of the following:

Disabled

. This is the default setting.

-

-

RIP-1

. This format is universally supported. It is adequate for most networks, unless you have an unusual network setup.

RIP-2

. This format carries more information. Both RIP-2B and RIP-2M send the routing data in RIP-2 format. RIP-2B uses subnet broadcasting. RIP-2M uses multicasting.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

If you changed the LAN IP address of the router, you are disconnected when this change takes effect.

9.

To reconnect, close your browser, relaunch it, and log in to the router

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123

Specify the IP Addresses that the Router Assigns

By default, the router acts as a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server. The router assigns IP, DNS server, and default gateway addresses to all computers connected to the LAN. The assigned default gateway address is the LAN address of the router.

These addresses must be part of the same IP address subnet as the router’s LAN IP address. Using the default addressing scheme, define a range between 192.168.1.2 and

192.168.1.254, although you can save part of the range for devices with fixed addresses.

To specify the pool of IP addresses that the router assigns:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup

.

5.

6.

Make sure that the

Use Router as DHCP Server

check box is selected.

Specify the range of IP addresses that the router assigns:

a.

In the

Starting IP Address

field, type the lowest number in the range.

This IP address must be in the same subnet as the router.

b.

In the

Ending IP Address

field, type the number at the end of the range of IP addresses.

This IP address must be in the same subnet as the router.

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124

7.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

The router delivers the following parameters to any LAN device that requests DHCP:

An IP address from the range that you have defined

Subnet mask

Gateway IP address (the router’s LAN IP address)

DNS server IP address (the router’s LAN IP address)

Disable the DHCP Server Feature in the Router

By default, the router acts as a DHCP server. The router assigns IP, DNS server, and default gateway addresses to all computers connected to the LAN. The assigned default gateway address is the LAN address of the router.

You can use another device on your network as the DHCP server, or specify the network settings of all your computers.

To disable the DHCP server feature in the router:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup.

Clear the

Use Router as DHCP Server

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

(Optional) If this service is disabled and no other DHCP server is on your network, set your computer IP addresses manually so that they can access the router.

Reserve LAN IP Addresses

When you specify a reserved IP address for a computer on the LAN, that computer always receives the same IP address each time it accesses the router’s DHCP server. Assign reserved IP addresses to computers or servers that require permanent IP settings.

To reserve an IP address:

1.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

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125

2.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Setup > LAN Setup

.

In the Address Reservation section of the page, click the

Add

button.

In the

IP Address

field, type the IP address to assign to the computer or server.

Choose an IP address from the router’s LAN subnet, such as 192.168.1.x.

7.

Type the MAC address of the computer or server.

Tip:

If the computer is already on your network, you can copy its MAC address from the Attached Devices page and paste it here.

8.

Click the

Apply

button

.

The reserved address is entered into the table.

The reserved address is not assigned until the next time the computer contacts the router’s

DHCP server. Reboot the computer, or access its IP configuration and force a DHCP release and renew.

To edit a reserved address entry:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Select the radio button next to the reserved address.

Click the

Edit

button.

Change the settings.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

To delete a reserved address entry:

1.

2.

Select the radio button next to the reserved address.

Click the

Delete

button.

The address is removed.

Use the WPS Wizard for WiFi Connections

The WPS Wizard helps you add a wireless computer or device to your WiFi network without typing the WiFi password.

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126

To use the WPS Wizard:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > WPS Wizard

.

Click the

Next

button.

Select the radio button for the setup method that you want to use:.

• Push button

. Click the

WPS

button on this page.

• PIN Number

. The page adjusts. Enter the client security PIN, and click the

Next

button.

7.

Within two minutes, go to the client device and use its WPS software to connect to the WiFi network.

The WPS process automatically sets up your wireless computer with the network password when it connects. The router WPS page displays a confirmation message.

Specify Basic WiFi Settings

The router comes with preset security. This means that the WiFi network name (SSID), network key (password), and security option (encryption protocol) are preset in the factory.

You can find the preset SSID and password on the router label.

Note:

The preset SSID and password are uniquely generated for every device to protect and maximize your wireless security.

NETGEAR recommends that you do not change your preset security settings .

If you change your preset security settings, make a note of the new settings and store it in a safe place where you can easily find it.

If you use a wireless computer to change the wireless network name (SSID) or other wireless security settings, you are disconnected when you click the

Apply

button. To avoid this problem, use a computer with a wired connection to access the router.

To specify basic wireless settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

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127

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

Wireless

.

5.

6.

In the

Region

list, select your region. In some locations, you cannot change this setting.

To control the SSID broadcast, select or clear the

Enable SSID Broadcast

check box.

When this check box is selected, the router broadcasts its network name (SSID) so that it displays when you scan for local WiFi networks on your computer or wireless device.

7.

To change the network name (SSID), type a new name in the

Name (SSID)

field.

The name can be up to 32 characters long and it is case-sensitive. The default SSID is randomly generated and is on the router’s label. If you change the name, make sure to write down the new name and keep it in a safe place

.

8.

To change the wireless channel, select a number in the

Channel

list.

In some regions, not all channels are available. Do not change the channel unless you experience interference (shown by lost connections or slow data transfers). If this happens, experiment with different channels to see which is the best.

Specify Network Settings

128

When you use multiple access points, it is better if adjacent access points use different channels to reduce interference. The recommended channel spacing between adjacent access points is four channels (for example, use Channels 1 and 5, or 6 and 10).

9.

To change the mode, select it from the Mode list.

For 2.4 GHz,

Up to 600 Mbps

is the default setting. The other settings are

Up to 289

Mbps

and

Up to 54 Mbps

.

At 5 GHz,

Up to 1300 Mbps

is the default setting, which allows 802.11ac and 802.11a wireless devices to join the network. The other settings are

Up to 600 Mbps

and

Up to

289 Mbps

.

10.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

If you connected wirelessly to the network and you changed the SSID, you are disconnected from the network.

11.

Make sure that you can connect wirelessly to the network with its new settings.

If you cannot connect wirelessly, check the following:

Is your computer or wireless device connected to another wireless network in your area? Some wireless devices automatically connect to the first open network without wireless security that they discover.

Is your computer or wireless device trying to connect to your network with its old settings (before you changed the settings)? If so, update the wireless network selection in your computer or wireless device to match the current settings for your network.

Change the WiFi Password or Security Level

Your router comes with preset WPA2 or WPA security. The password that you enter to connect to your network is unique to your router and is on the router label. NETGEAR recommends that you use the preset security, but you can change them. NETGEAR recommends that you do not disable security.

To change the WPA settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

Wireless

.

Specify Network Settings

129

5.

Under

Security Options

, select a radio button for one of the following WPA options:

WPA-PSK [TKIP]

WPA2-PSK [AES]

WPA-PSK [TKIP} + WPA2-PSK [AES]

WPA/WPA2 Enterprise

The WPA2 options use the newest standard for the strongest security, but some older computers and wireless devices cannot use WPA2. By default, the

WPA-PSK [TKIP] +

WPA2-PSK [AES]

radio button is selected so that new or old computers and wireless devices can connect to the WiFi network by using either WPA2 or WPA security.

The Password (Network Key) field displays.

6.

In the

Password (Network Key)

field, enter the network key (password) that you want to use.

It is a text string from 8 to 63 characters.

7.

8.

Write down the new password and keep it in a secure place for future reference.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Set Up a Guest Network

A guest network allows visitors at your home to use the Internet without using your wireless security key. You can add a guest network to each wireless network: 2.4 GHz b/g/n and

5.0 GHz a/n.

To set up a guest network:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

Specify Network Settings

130

4.

Select

Guest Network

.

5.

Select any of the following wireless settings:

• Enable Guest Network

. When this check box is selected, the guest network is enabled, and guests can connect to your network using the SSID of this profile.

• Enable SSID Broadcast

. If this check box is selected, the wireless access point broadcasts its name (SSID) to all wireless stations. Stations with no SSID can adopt the correct SSID for connections to this access point.

• Allow guest to see each other and access my local network

. If this check box is selected, anyone who connects to this SSID has access to your local network, not just Internet access.

6.

Give the guest network a name.

The guest network name is case-sensitive and can be up to 32 characters. You then manually configure the wireless devices in your network to use the guest network name in addition to the main SSID.

7.

Select a radio button for a security option.

The WPA2 options use the newest standard for the strongest security, but some older computers and wireless devices cannot use it. NETGEAR recommends that you select the

WPA-PSK [TKIP] + WPA2-PSK [AES]

radio button. This setting protects your WiFi network and lets computers and wireless devices can connect to the WiFi network by using either WPA2 or WPA security.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Specify Network Settings

131

How the Router Manages Wireless Clients

A wireless client is any computer or wireless device that connects to the router’s WiFi network. The router uses Airtime fairness and implicit Beamforming to manage its wireless clients. These features are enabled by default, but you can disable them.

Airtime Fairness

Airtime fairness ensures that all clients receive equal time on the network. Network resources are divided by time, so if you have five clients, they each get one-fifth of the network time.

The advantage of this feature is that your slowest clients don’t control network responsiveness. This feature is enabled by default, but you can disable it.

To disable Airtime fairness:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings

.

Scroll down below the WPS Settings section of the page and clear the

Enable AIRTIME

FAIRNESS

check box.

Click the

Apply

button.

Implicit Beamforming

Implicit Beamforming contrasts with explicit Beamforming, which means that your router actively tracks clients and directs power to the router antenna closes to the client. This works whether or not the client supports Beamforming. Implicit Beamforming means that the router can use information from client devices that support Beamforming to improve the WiFi signal.

This feature is enabled by default, but you can disable it.

To disable implicit Beamforming:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

Specify Network Settings

132

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings

.

Scroll down below the WPS Settings section of the page and clear the

Enable Implicit

BEAMFORMING

check box.

Click the Apply button.

Control the Wireless Radios

The router has internal wireless radios that broadcast signals in the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz range. By default, they are on so that you can connect wirelessly to the router. When the wireless radios are off, you can still use an Ethernet cable for a LAN connection to the router.

You can turn the wireless radios on and off with the

WiFi On/Off

button on the router, or you can log in to the router and enable or disable the wireless radios. If you are close to the router, it might be easier to press its

WiFi On/Off

button. If you are away from the router or have already logged in it might be easier to enable or disable them.You can also turn the

WiFi radios off and on based on a schedule. (See

Set Up a Wireless Schedule

on page 134).

Use the WiFi On/Off Button

To turn the wireless radios off and on with the WiFi On/Off button:

Press the

WiFi On/Off

button on the top of the router for two seconds.

If you turned off the wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED turn off. If you turned on the wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED light.

Enable or Disable the Wireless Radios

If you used the WiFi On/Off button to turn off the wireless radios, you can’t log in to the router to turn them back on. You must press the

WiFi On/Off

button again for two seconds to turn the wireless radios back on.

To enable or disable the wireless radios:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

Specify Network Settings

133

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings

.

5.

Select or clear the

Enable Wireless Radio

check boxes in the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz sections of the page.

Clearing this check box turns off the WiFi feature of the router.

6.

Click the

Apply

button.

If you turned off both wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED turn off. If you turned on the wireless radios, the WiFi On/Off LED and the WPS LED light.

Set Up a Wireless Schedule

You can use this feature to turn off the wireless signal from your router at times when you do not need a wireless connection. For example, you might turn it off for the weekend if you leave town.

To set up the wireless schedule:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings

.

Specify Network Settings

134

The Advanced Wireless Settings page displays.

5.

Click the

Add a new period

button.

6.

7.

Use the lists, radio buttons, and check boxes to set up a period during which you want to turn off the wireless signal.

Click the

Apply

button.

The Advanced Wireless Settings page displays.

8.

9.

Select the

Turn off wireless signal by schedule

check box to activate the schedule.

Click the

Apply

button.

Specify WPS Settings

Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) lets you join the WiFi network without typing the WiFi password.

To specify WPS Settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings

.

The Router’s PIN field displays the PIN that you use on a registrar (for example, from the

Network Explorer on a Vista Windows computer) to configure the router’s wireless settings through WPS.

5.

(Optional) Select or clear the

Disable Router’s PIN

check box.

Specify Network Settings

135

The PIN function might temporarily be disabled when the router detects suspicious attempts to break into the router’s wireless settings by using the router’s PIN through

WPS. You can manually enable the PIN function by clearing the

Disable Router’s PIN

check box.

6.

(Optional) Select or clear the

Keep Existing Wireless Settings

check box.

By default, the Keep Existing Wireless Settings check box is selected. NETGEAR recommends that you leave this check box selected.

If you clear this check box, the next time a new wireless client uses WPS to connect to the router, the router wireless settings change to an automatically generated random

SSID and security key.

7.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Set Up the Router with an Existing Router or Gateway

If you own an existing router or gateway from your Internet service provider (ISP), you can connect your new router to your existing router or gateway and set up the router in one of the following modes: router mode or access point (AP) mode.

Router mode let you configures your new NETGEAR router as a normal WiFi router behind your gateway and creates a separate WiFi network behind your gateway. To take full advantage of this router's advanced functions, NETGEAR recommends that you use router mode. In router mode, the only device that can be connected to your existing gateway is your new NETGEAR router. You must connect all of your devices to the new NETGEAR router. If your existing gateway has a WiFi function, disable it.

If you want to use the new router to get better WiFi performance beyond what you have with your existing gateway, access point mode is the easiest way to do that. NETGEAR recommends that you disable the WiFi function on your existing gateway, if it has WiFi functionality. With this mode, you can connect wired devices to the gateway and connect wired and WiFi devices to your new NETGEAR router.

If you already set up the Internet connection for your router and you are sure that you want to

set up the router as an access point, see

Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point

on page 138.

Specify Network Settings

136

To set up the router with your existing router or gateway:

1.

Use an Ethernet cable to connect the Internet port of this router to a LAN port on your existing router or gateway.

Cable this port to a LAN port on another router

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

The first time that you are setting up the Internet connection for your router, the browser goes to

http://www.routerlogin.net

, and the NETGEAR genie page displays:

If you do not see the NETGEAR genie page, enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

. When prompted, enter

admin

for the user name and

password

for the password.

If this is not the first time that you are setting up the Internet connection for your router, run the Setup Wizard again. For more information, see

Use the Internet Setup Wizard

on page 23.

3.

Select the

Help Me Choose

radio button or

Let Me Choose

radio button:

• Help Me Choose

. If you select the

Help Me Choose

radio button, NETGEAR genie asks you a few questions to determine if you should set the router in router mode or access point mode. NETGEAR recommends that you select the

Help Me Choose

radio button.

• Let Me Choose

. If you select the

Let Me Choose

radio, you must select the

Router

Mode

radio button or the

Access Point Mode

radio button. You can change the mode by running the Setup Wizard again. For more information, see

Use the Internet

Setup Wizard

on page 23.

4.

Follow the onscreen instructions to set up your router in router mode or access point mode.

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137

Use the Router as a Wireless Access Point

You can set up the router to run as an access point (AP) on the same local network as another router or gateway.

To set up the router as an AP after you set up your Internet:

1.

Use an Ethernet cable to connect the Internet port of this router to a LAN port on your existing router or gateway.

Cable this port to a LAN port on another router

2.

3.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

4.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

5.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless AP

.

6.

Select the

Enable AP Mode

check box.

Specify Network Settings

138

7.

Scroll down and select the radio button for the IP address setting that you want to use:

• Get dynamically from existing router

. The other router on the network assigns an

IP address to this router while this router is in AP mode.

• Enable fixed IP settings on this device (not recommended)

. Use this setting if you want to manually assign a specific IP address to this router while it is in AP mode.

Using this option effectively requires advanced network experience.

Note:

To avoid interference with other routers or gateways in your network,

NETGEAR recommends that you use different wireless settings on each router. You can also turn off the wireless radio on the other router or gateway and use the R7000 only for wireless client access.

8.

Click the

Apply

button.

The IP address of the router changes, and you are disconnected.

9.

To reconnect, close and restart your browser and enter

http://wwwrouterlogin.net

.

Set Up the Router in Bridge Mode

You can use your router in bridge mode to connect multiple devices wirelessly at the faster

802.11ac speed. You need two routers: one set up as a router and the other set up as a bridge.

Smart WiFi Router

Smart WiFi Router in bridge mode

Figure 12. Router in bridge mode with an 802.11ac WiFi connection

Installing your R7000 as a bridge offers the following benefits:

Take advantage of gigabit WiFi speeds on current devices.

Specify Network Settings

139

Use Gigabit WiFi for applications like video and gaming.

Connect multiple devices like NAS, Smart TV, NeoTV, Blu-ray player, and game consoles at gigabit WiFi speeds using a WiFi link.

Avoid the need for separate WiFi adapters for each device.

For example, you can install the first router in a room like a home office that has your Internet connection, then set up the second router in bridge mode. Place the router in bridge mode in a different room that has your home entertainment center. Cable the router in bridge mode to your Smart TV, DVR, game console or Blu-ray player, and use its 802.11ac WiFi connection to the first router.

To set up bridge mode:

1.

Make a note of the WiFi settings of the other router to which this router will connect.

You need to know the SSID, WiFi security mode, wireless password, and operating frequency (either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz).

2.

3.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

4.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Settings

.

Scroll down and select the

Use other operation mode

check box and the

Enable Bridge mode

radio button.

The page adjusts.

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140

7.

Click the

setup bridge mode wireless settings

button.

8.

Specify the settings of the other router to which this router will connect.

a.

Select the wireless network frequency (

2.4 GHz

or

5 GHz

).

For 802.11ac mode, select

5 GHz

.

9. b. c.

In the

Name (SSID)

field, enter the wireless network name (SSID).

In the

Security Option

section, select a radio button.

d.

If prompted, type the passphrase (the WiFi password that you use to connect wirelessly to the other router).

Click the

Apply

button.

The settings for the other router are saved and the Advanced Wireless Settings page displays.

10.

Click the

Apply

button on the Advanced Wireless Settings page.

Your changes take effect.

Set Up a Wireless Distribution System

The router can act as router a wireless base station or a wireless repeater in a wireless distribution system (WDS). A WDS expands a wireless network through multiple access points. A wireless base station connects to the Internet, can have wired and wireless clients, and sends its wireless signal to an access point that functions as a wireless repeater. A

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141

wireless repeater can also have wired and wireless clients, but connects to the Internet through the wireless base station. The following figure shows a wireless repeating scenario.

Base station access point

Repeater access point

Figure 13. Wireless repeating scenario

Note:

To use the wireless repeating function, your router cannot have security enabled and cannot use the auto channel feature.

You must set up a wireless base station and a wireless repeater:

Wireless base station

. The router acts as the parent access point that bridges traffic to and from the child repeater access point. The base station also handles wireless and wired local computers. To configure this mode, you must know the MAC addresses of the child repeater access point. Often, the MAC address is on the product label.

Wireless repeater

. The router sends all traffic from its local wireless or wired computers to a remote access point. To configure this mode, you must know the MAC address of the remote parent access point.

The router is always in dual-band concurrent mode, unless you turn off one radio. If you enable the wireless repeater in either radio band, the wireless base station or wireless repeater cannot be enabled in the other radio band. However, if you enable the wireless base station in either radio band and use the other radio band as a wireless router or wireless base station, dual-band concurrent mode is not affected.

Before you an set up a wireless network with WDS, both access points must meet the following conditions:

Use the same SSID, wireless channel, and encryption mode.

Be on the same LAN IP subnet. That is, all of the access point LAN IP addresses are in the same network.

All LAN devices (wired and wireless computers) are configured to operate in the same

LAN network address range as the access points.

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142

Set Up the Base Station

The wireless repeating function works only in hub and spoke mode. The units cannot be daisy-chained. You must know the wireless settings for both units. You must know the MAC address of the remote unit. First, set up the base station, then set up the repeater.

To set up the base station:

1.

Set up both units with the same wireless settings.

The SSID and mode must be the same and the wireless security option must be set to

None

.

2.

3.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

4.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

5.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Wireless Repeating Function

.

6.

7.

8.

Select the

Enable Wireless Repeating Function

check box.

Select the

Wireless Base Station

radio button.

To prevent wireless clients from associating with the base station and allow LAN client associations only, select the

Disable Wireless Client Association

check box.

You can leave the check box cleared if you prefer wireless clients to be able to associate with the base stations.

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9.

In the Repeater MAC Address 1 through 4 fields, enter the MAC addresses for the access points that should function as repeaters.

If your router is the base station, it can function as the “parent” for up to four other access points.

10.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Set Up a Repeater

Use a wired Ethernet connection to set up the repeater unit to avoid conflicts with the wireless connection to the base station.

If you are using the router as the base station with a non-NETGEAR router as the repeater, you might need to change more configuration settings. In particular, disable the DHCP server function on the access point that is the repeater.

To configure a NETGEAR router as a repeater:

1.

2.

Launch an Internet browser from a computer or wireless device that is connected to the network of the router to be the repeater.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

Wireless

and verify that the wireless settings match the base unit exactly.

The wireless security option must be set to

None

.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Wireless Repeating Function

.

Select the

Enable Wireless Repeating Function check box.

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144

7. Select

the

Wireless Repeater

radio button.

8.

In the

Repeater IP Address

field, type the IP address of the repeater router.

This IP address must be in the same subnet as the base station, but different from the

LAN IP address of the base station.

9.

To prevent wireless clients from associating with the repeater and allowing LAN client associations only, select the

Disable Wireless Client Association

check box.

You can leave the check box cleared if you prefer wireless clients to be able to associate with the repeater.

10.

In the

Base Station MAC Address

field, enter the MAC addresses for the access point that will be the base station.

11.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

12.

Verify connectivity across the LANs.

A computer on any wireless or wired LAN segment of the router can connect to the

Internet or share files and printers with any other computer or server connected to the other access point.

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145

11.

Manage Your Network

11

This chapter describes the router settings for administering and maintaining your router and home network.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Update the Router Firmware

Change the admin Password

Recover the admin Password

View Router Status

View Logs of Router Activity

Monitor Internet Traffic

Create Custom Static Routes

View Devices Currently on the Network

Manage the Router Configuration File

Remote Management

Remotely Access Your Router Using the genie App

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146

Update the Router Firmware

The router firmware (routing software) is stored in flash memory. You might see a message at the top of the genie pages when new firmware is available. You can respond to that message to update the firmware, or you can check to see if new firmware is available, and to update your product.

To check for new firmware and update your router:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Router Update

.

The Router Update page displays.

5.

Click the

Check

button.

The router finds new firmware information if any is available and displays a message asking if you want to download and install it.

6.

Click the

Yes

button.

The router locates and downloads the firmware and begins the update.

WARNING:

To avoid the risk of corrupting the firmware, do not interrupt the upgrade. For example, do not close the browser, click a link, or load a new page. Do not turn off the router.

When the upload is complete, your router restarts. The upgrade process typically takes about one minute. Read the new firmware release notes to find out if you need to reconfigure the router after upgrading.

Change the admin Password

This feature let you change the default password that is used to log in to the router with the user name admin. This password is not the one that you use for WiFi access. The label on your router shows your unique wireless network name (SSID) and password for wireless access.

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147

To set the password for the user name admin:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Set Password

.

5.

6.

Type the old password, and type the new password twice.

To be able to recover the password, select the

Enable Password Recovery

check box.

NETGEAR recommends that you enable password recovery.

7.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes take effect.

Recover the admin Password

NETGEAR recommends that you enable password recovery if you change the password for the router user name admin. Then you can recover the password if it is forgotten. This recovery process is supported in Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Chrome browsers, but not in the Safari browser.

To set up password recovery:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

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The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Set Password

.

Select the

Enable Password Recovery

check box.

Select two security questions and provide answers to them.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

To recover your password:

1.

In the address field of your browser, enter

www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

2.

Click

Cancel

.

If password recovery is enabled, you are prompted to answer two security questions.

3.

4.

Enter the saved answers to the security questions.

Enter the serial number of your router.

The serial number is on the router’s label.

View Router Status

To view router status and usage information:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

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149

4.

Click the

ADVANCED tab

.

Display Internet Port Statistics

To display Internet port statistics:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

4.

5.

6.

The BASIC Home page displays

Click the

ADVANCED

tab.

In the Internet Port pane, click

the Show Statistics

button.

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The following information displays:

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

System Up Time

. The time elapsed since the router was last restarted.

Port

. The statistics for the WAN (Internet) and LAN (Ethernet) ports. For each port, the page displays:

Status

. The link status of the port.

TxPkts

. The number of packets transmitted on this port since reset or manual clear.

RxPkts

. The number of packets received on this port since reset or manual clear.

Collisions

. The number of collisions on this port since reset or manual clear.

Tx B/s

. The current transmission (outbound) bandwidth used on the WAN and

LAN ports.

Rx B/s

. The current reception (inbound) bandwidth used on the WAN and LAN ports.

Up Time

. The time elapsed since this port acquired the link.

Poll Interval

. The interval at which the statistics are updated in this page.

7.

8.

To change the polling frequency, enter a time in seconds in the Poll Interval field and click the

Set Interval

button.

To stop the polling entirely, click the

Stop

button.

Check the Internet Connection Status

To check the Internet connection status:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Click the

ADVANCED

tab.

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151

5.

In the Internet Port pane, click the

Connection Status

button.

The following information displays:

6.

7.

8.

IP Address

. The IP address that is assigned to the router.

Subnet Mask

. The subnet mask that is assigned to the router.

Default Gateway

. The IP address for the default gateway that the router communicates with.

DHCP Server

. The IP address for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server that provides the TCP/IP configuration for all the computers that are connected to the router.

DNS Server

. The IP address of the Domain Name Service server that provides translation of network names to IP addresses.

Lease Obtained

. The date and time when the lease was obtained.

Lease Expires

. The date and time that the lease expires.

To return the status of all items to 0, click the

Release

button.

To refresh the page, click the

Renew

button.

To exit the page, click the

Close Window

button.

View Logs of Router Activity

The log is a detailed record of the websites you have accessed or attempted to access and other router actions. Up to 256 entries are stored in the log. Log entries display only when keyword blocking is enabled and no log entries are made for the trusted user.

To view logs:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

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The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Logs

.

The log page shows the following information:

Date and time

. The date and time the log entry was recorded.

Source IP

. The IP address of the initiating device for this log entry.

Target address

. The name or IP address of the website or news group visited or to which access was attempted.

Action

. The action that occurred, such as whether Internet access was blocked or allowed.

5.

6.

7.

To refresh the log page, click the

Refresh

button.

To clear the log entries, click the

Clear Log

button.

To email the log immediately, click the

Send Log

button.

Monitor Internet Traffic

Traffic metering allows you to monitor the volume of Internet traffic that passes through the router Internet port. You can set limits for traffic volume.

To monitor Internet traffic:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

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153

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Traffic Meter

.

Scroll to view more settings

5.

6.

Select the

Enable Traffic Meter

check box.

(Optional) Control the volume of Internet traffic.

You can use either the traffic volume control feature or the connection time control feature:

-

-

Select the

Traffic volume control by

radio button and then select one of the following options:

No Limit

. No restriction is applied when the traffic limit is reached.

Download only

. The restriction is applied to incoming traffic only.

Both Directions

. The restriction is applied to both incoming and outgoing traffic.

Select the

Connection time control

radio button and enter the allowed hours in the

Monthly limit field.

7.

8.

(Optional) If your ISP charges for extra data volume when you make a new connection, enter the extra data volume in MB in the Round up data volume for each connection by field.

In the Traffic Counter section, set the traffic counter to begin at a specific time and date.

If you want the traffic counter to start immediately, click the

Restart Counter Now

button.

9.

In the Traffic Control section, specify whether the router should issue a warning message before the monthly limit of Mbytes or hours is reached.

By default, the value is 0 and no warning message is issued. You can select one of the following to occur when the limit is attained:

The Internet LED blinks white or amber.

The Internet connection is disconnected and disabled.

10.

Click the

Apply

button.

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154

The Internet Traffic Statistics section helps you to monitor the data traffic.

11.

To update the Traffic Statistics section, click the

Refresh

button.

12.

To display more information about the data traffic on your router and to change the poll interval, click the

Traffic Status

button.

Create Custom Static Routes

Static routes provide more routing information to your router. Typically, you do not need to add static routes unless you have multiple routers or multiple IP subnets on your network.

As an example of when a static route is needed, consider the following case:

Your main Internet access is through a cable modem to an ISP.

You have an ISDN router on your home network for connecting to the company where you are employed. This router’s address on your LAN is 192.168.1.100.

Your company’s network address is 134.177.0.0.

When you set up your router, two implicit static routes were created. A default route was created with your ISP as the gateway, and a second static route was created to your local network for all 192.168.1.x addresses. With this configuration, if you try to access a device on the 134.177.0.0 network, your router forwards your request to the ISP. The ISP forwards your request to the company where you are employed, and the company firewall is likely to deny the request.

In this case you must define a static route, telling your router that 134.177.0.0 should be accessed through the ISDN router at 192.168.1.100. Here is an example:

The Destination IP Address and IP Subnet Mask fields specify that this static route applies to all 134.177.x.x addresses.

The Gateway IP Address field specifies that all traffic for these addresses should be forwarded to the ISDN router at 192.168.1.100.

A metric value of 1 works because the ISDN router is on the LAN.

Private is selected only as a precautionary security measure in case RIP is activated.

To set up a static route:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Static Routes

.

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155

5.

Click the

Add

button.

6.

7.

In the

Route Name

field, type a name for this static route (for identification purposes only.)

Select the

Private

check box if you want to limit access to the LAN only.

If Private is selected, the static route is not reported in RIP.

8.

Select the

Active

check box to make this route effective.

9.

Type the IP address of the final destination.

10.

Type the IP subnet mask for this destination. If the destination is a single host, type

255.255.255.255

.

11.

Type the gateway IP address, which must be on the same LAN segment as the router.

12.

Type a number from 1 through 15 as the metric value.

This value represents the number of routers between your network and the destination.

Usually, a setting of 2 or 3 works, but if this is a direct connection, set it to 1.

13.

Click the

Apply

button.

The static route is added.

To edit a static route:

1.

2.

In the table, select the radio button for the route.

Click the

Edit

button.

The Static Routes page adjusts.

3.

4.

Edit the route information.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

To delete a static route:

1.

2.

In the table, select the radio button for the route.

Click the

Delete

button.

The route is removed from the table.

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156

View Devices Currently on the Network

You can view all computers or devices that are currently connected to your network.

To view devices on the network:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

Attached Devices

.

The Wired Devices section lists devices that are connected to the router with Ethernet cables. The Wireless Devices section lists devices that are connected to the wireless network. The following information is displayed:

Status. The status of the device, Allowed or Blocked.

Device Name

. If the device name is known, it is shown here.

IP Address

. The IP address that the router assigned to this device when it joined the network. This number can change if a device is disconnected and rejoins the network.

MAC Address

. The unique MAC address for each device does not change. The MAC address is typically shown on the product label.

5.

To update this page, click the

Refresh

button.

Manage the Router Configuration File

The configuration settings of the router are stored within the router in a configuration file. You can back up (save) this file to your computer, restore it, or reset it to the factory default settings.

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Back Up Settings

To back up the router’s configuration settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Backup Settings

.

5.

6.

Click the

Back Up

button.

Specify a location on your network.

A copy of the current settings is saved in the location you specified.

Restore Configuration Settings

To restore configuration settings that you backed up:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Backup Settings

.

Click the

Browse

button to find and select the cfg

file.

Click the

Restore

button.

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The file is uploaded to the router and the router reboots.

WARNING:

Do not interrupt the reboot process.

Erase the Current Configuration Settings

You can erase the current configuration and restore the factory default settings. You might

want to do this if you move the router to a different network. (See

Factory Settings

on page 197).

To erase the configuration settings:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Backup Settings

.

Click the

Erase

button.

The factory default settings are restored. The user name is admin, the password is password, and the LAN IP address is 192.168.1.1. DHCP is enabled.

Remote Management

The remote management feature lets you access your router over the Internet to view or change its settings. You need to know the router’s WAN IP address to use this feature. For information about remote access using Dynamic DNS, see

Chapter 7, Manage Dynamic

DNS and Access Storage Devices Through the Internet

.

Note:

Be sure to change the password for the user name admin to a secure password. The ideal password contains no dictionary words from any language and contains uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers,

and symbols. It can be up to 30 characters. See

Change the admin

Password

on page 147.

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159

To set up remote management:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Remote Management

.

5.

6.

Select the

Turn Remote Management On

check box.

In the Allow Remote Access By section, specify the external IP addresses to be allowed to access the router’s remote management:

Note:

For enhanced security, restrict access to as few external IP addresses as practical

Select one of the following:

To allow access from a single IP address on the Internet, select the

Only This

Computer

radio button. Enter the IP address to be allowed access.

To allow access from a range of IP addresses on the Internet, select the

IP Address

Range

radio button. Enter a beginning and ending IP address to define the allowed range.

To allow access from any IP address on the Internet, select the

Everyone

radio button.

7.

Specify the port number for accessing the web management interface.

Normal web browser access uses the standard HTTP service port 80. For greater security, enter a custom port number for the remote web management interface. Choose a number from 1024 to 65535, but do not use the number of any common service port.

The default is 8080, which is a common alternate for HTTP.

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8.

Click the

Apply button

.

Your changes take effect.

To use remote access:

1.

2.

Launch an Internet browser on a computer that is not on your home network.

Type your router’s WAN IP address into your browser’s address or location field followed by a colon (:) and the custom port number.

For example, if your external address is 134.177.0.123 and you use port number 8080, enter

http://134.177.0.123:8080

in your browser.

Remotely Access Your Router Using the genie App

You can use the genie app to remotely access your router and change its key settings.

Before you can use remote access with the genie app, you must update your router’s firmware and download the latest genie app for your computer or mobile device. Remote access with the genie app is supported for Windows computers, iOS mobile devices, and

Android mobile devices.

For more information about how to update your router’s firmware, see

Update the Router

Firmware

on page 147. To download the latest genie app for your computer or mobile device,

visit

www.NETGEAR.com/genie

.

For more information about how to set up remote access using the genie app, see the genie app user manual, which is available at

http://downloadcenter.netgear.com/

.

Set Up the Router as an Arlo Base Station

You can set up router as an Arlo base station by enabling the Arlo feature on your router. If your router is in AP mode, you can still enable the Arlo feature on your router.

After the Arlo feature is enabled, sync your Arlo cameras to the router. You must sync your cameras after you register your router with your account.

If the Arlo feature is enabled on the router, the router generates a separate 2.4 GHz WiFi network with a specific Arlo SSID, which the router uses to communicate with the Arlo cameras. Arlo videos will be streamed and secured on this network.

For more information about Arlo, visit

support.arlo.com/

.

Enable the Arlo Feature on the Router

After you enable the Arlo feature on your router, register your router with your Arlo account and sync your Arlo cameras to the router.

To enable the Arlo feature on the router:

1.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

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161

2.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Administration > Router Update

.

The Router Update page displays.

5.

Update the firmware on your router.

For more information, see

Update the Router Firmware

on page 147.

6.

7.

8.

Select

BASIC > Arlo

.

Make sure that the

Enable Arlo

check box is selected.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

Create a New Arlo Account and Register Your Router

Before you can register your router with a new Arlo account, you must update the firmware on your router and make sure that the Arlo feature is enabled. For more information, see

Enable the Arlo Feature on the Router

on page 161.

After you register your router with your Arlo account, you can sync your Arlo cameras to your router. For more information, see

Sync Arlo Cameras to Your Router

on page 164.

To create a new Arlo account, register your router with your Arlo account, and sync your Arlo camera to your router:

1.

2.

On a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the router, visit

https://arlo.netgear.com

or launch the Arlo app.

Click or tap the

New System Setup

button.

The Getting Started page displays.

3.

Select or tap

Arlo (Router)

.

The Setup page displays

Your router’s serial number and your time zone are detected and display on the page.

4.

5.

To change your time zone, select your time zone from the menu.

Click or tap the

Continue

button.

The Account Setup page displays.

6.

Complete the fields to create an Arlo account and click or tap the

Continue

button.

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162

The Plan Selection page displays.

7.

Click or tap the

SELECT

button under the Arlo plan that you want.

The Sync Cameras page displays.

8.

Sync your Arlo camera to the router:

a.

Press the

WPS

button on your router for 3 to 5 seconds.

The WPS LED on the router blinks.

b.

Press and release the

Sync

button on the top of the Arlo camera.

A blue LED on the camera blinks rapidly to confirm a successful sync.

c.

Click the

Continue

button.

Your Arlo camera displays on the page and the camera is ready for viewing.

Register Your Router With an Existing Arlo Account

Before you can register your router with your Arlo account, you must update the firmware on

your router and make sure that the Arlo feature is enabled. For more information, see

Enable the Arlo Feature on the Router

on page 161.

After you register your router with your Arlo account, you can sync your Arlo cameras to your router. For more information, see

Sync Arlo Cameras to Your Router

on page 164.

To register your router with an existing Arlo account and sync your Arlo camera to your router:

1.

2.

On a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the router, visit

https://arlo.netgear.com

or launch the Arlo app.

Log in to your Arlo account.

The Cameras page displays.

3.

Click or tap the

Add Device

button.

The Getting Started page displays.

4.

Select or tap

Arlo (Router)

.

The Setup page displays.

Your router’s serial number and your time zone are detected and display on the page.

5.

6.

To change your time zone, select your time zone from the menu.

Click or tap the

Continue

button.

The Cameras page displays.

7.

Sync your Arlo camera to your router:

a.

Press the

WPS

button on your router for 3 to 5 seconds.

The WPS LED on the router blinks.

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163

b.

Press and release the

Sync

button on the top of the Arlo camera.

A blue LED on the camera blinks rapidly to confirm a successful sync.

c.

Click the

Continue

button.

Your Arlo camera displays on your home page and the camera is ready for viewing.

Remove an Arlo Base Station From Your Arlo Account

If you registered your router with an existing Arlo account, you can remove an existing Arlo base station that is connected to your account.

To remove an Arlo base station from your account:

1.

2.

On a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the router, visit

https://arlo.netgear.com

or launch the Arlo app.

Log in to your Arlo account.

The Cameras page displays.

3.

Click or tap

Settings

.

The Settings page displays.

4.

Go to your Arlo base station’s settings page:

If you are logged in to your Arlo account from

https://arlo.netgear.com

, in the My

Locations section of the page, select

your Arlo base station name

> Devices >

your Arlo base station name

Settings

.

Your Arlo base station’s Settings page displays.

If your are logged in to your Arlo account using the Arlo app, in the Device Settings section of the page, tap

My Devices >

your Arlo base station name

.

The Device Settings page displays.

5.

Tap the

Remove Device

button.

The Arlo base station is removed from your account.

Sync Arlo Cameras to Your Router

After you register your router with your Arlo account, you can sync Arlo cameras to your router.

To sync Arlo cameras to your router:

1.

Press the

WPS

button on your router for 3 to 5 seconds.

The WPS LED on the router blinks.

2.

Press and release the

Sync

button on the top of the Arlo camera.

A blue LED on the camera blinks rapidly to confirm a successful sync.

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164

The Arlo camera is ready for viewing.

Manage Your Network

165

12.

Use VPN to Access Your Network

12

This chapter includes the following sections:

Set Up a VPN Connection

Specify VPN Service in the Router

Install OpenVPN Software

Use a VPN Tunnel on Your Windows Computer

Use VPN to Access the Router’s USB Drive and Media

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166

Set Up a VPN Connection

A virtual private network (VPN) lets you use the Internet to securely access your network when you aren’t home.

Open VPN

Client

Secure remote access

Internet

Figure 14. VPN provides a secure tunnel between your home network and a remote computer

This type of VPN access is called a client-to-gateway tunnel. The computer is the client, and the router is the gateway. To use the VPN feature, you must log in to the router and enable

VPN, and you must install and run VPN client software on the computer.

VPN uses DDNS or a static IP address to connect with your router.

To use a DDNS service, register for an account with a host name (sometimes called a domain name). You use the host name to access your network. The router supports these accounts: NETGEAR www.no-ip.com, www.no-ip.com, and www.DynDNS.org.

If your Internet service provider (ISP) has assigned a static WAN IP address (such as

50.196.x.x or 10.x.x.x) that never changes to your Internet account the VPN can use that IP address to connect to your home network.

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167

Specify VPN Service in the Router

You must specify the VPN service settings in the router before you can use a VPN connection.

To specify the VPN service:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service

.

The VPN Service page displays.

5.

Select the

Enable VPN Service

check box.

By default, the VPN uses the UDP service type and uses port 12974. If you want to customize the service type and port, NETGEAR recommends that you change these settings before you install the OpenVPN software.

6.

7.

8.

To change the service type, scroll down and select the

TCP

radio button.

To change the port, scroll down to the

Service Port

field, and type the port number that you want to use.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved. VPN is enabled in the router, but you must install and set up

OpenVPN software on your computer before you can use a VPN connection.

Install OpenVPN Software

You must install this software on each Windows computer, Mac computer, iOS device, or

Android device that you plan to use for VPN connections to your router.

Install OpenVPN Software on Your Windows Computer

To install VPN client software on your Windows computer:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

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168

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service

.

The VPN Service page displays.

5.

6.

Make sure that the

Enable VPN Service

check box is selected.

Specify any VPN service settings on the page.

For more information, see

Specify VPN Service in the Router

on page 168.

7.

Click the

For Windows

button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.

8.

Visit

http://openvpn.net/index.php/download/community-downloads.html

to download the

OpenVPN client utility.

9.

In the Windows Installer section of the page, double-click the

openVPN-install-xxx.exe

link.

10.

Download and install the

openVPN-install-xxx.exe

file.

11.

Click the

Next

button.

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169

12.

Read the License Agreement and click the

I Agree

button.

13.

Leave the check boxes selected as shown, and click the

Next

button.

14.

To specify the destination folder, click the

Browse

button and select a destination folder.

15.

Click the

Install

button.

The page displays the progress of the installation and then displays the final installation page.

16.

Click the

Finish

button.

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170

17.

Unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and copy them to the folder where the

VPN client is installed on your computer.

For a client device with Windows 64-bit system, the VPN client is installed at

C:\Program files\OpenVPN\config\

by default.

18.

For a client device with Windows, modify the VPN interface name to

NETGEAR-VPN

:

a.

In Windows, select

Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network Connections

.

b. c.

In the local area connection list, find the local area connection with the device name

TAP-Windows Adapter

.

Select the local area connection and change its name (not its device name) to

NETGEAR-VPN

.

If you do not change the VPN interface name, the VPN tunnel connection will fail.

For more information about using OpenVPN on your Windows computer, visit

https://openvpn.net/index.php/open-source/documentation/howto.html#quick

.

Install OpenVPN Software on Your Mac Computer

To install VPN client software on your Mac computer:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service

.

The VPN Service page displays.

5.

6.

Make sure that the

Enable VPN Service

check box is selected.

Specify any VPN service settings on the page.

For more information, see

Specify VPN Service in the Router

on page 168.

7.

8.

Click the

For non-Windows

button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.

Visit

https://code.google.com/p/tunnelblick/

to download the OpenVPN client utility for Mac

OS X.

Download and install the file.

9.

10.

Unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and copy them to the folder where the

VPN client is installed on your computer.

The client utility must be installed by a user with administrative privileges.

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171

For more information about using OpenVPN on your Mac computer, visit

https://openvpn.net/index.php/access-server/docs/admin-guides/183-how-to-connect-toaccess-server-from-a-mac.html

.

Install OpenVPN Software on an iOS Device

To install VPN client software on your iOS device:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service

.

The VPN Service page displays.

5.

6.

Make sure that the

Enable VPN Service

check box is selected.

Specify any VPN service settings on the page.

For more information, see

Specify VPN Service in the Router

on page 168.

7.

8.

9.

Click the

For Smart Phone

button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.

On your iOS device, download and install the OpenVPN Connect app from the Apple App

Store.

On your computer, unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and send the files to your iOS device.

10.

Open the files on your iOS device.

Note that when you open the

.ovpn

file, a list of apps displays. Select the OpenVPN

Connect app to open the

.ovpn

file.

For more information about using OpenVPN on your iOS device, visit

http://www.vpngate.net/en/howto_openvpn.aspx#ios

.

Install OpenVPN Software on an Android Device

To install VPN client software on your Android device:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

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172

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service

.

The VPN Service page displays.

5.

6.

Make sure that the

Enable VPN Service

check box is selected.

Specify any VPN service settings on the page.

For more information, see

Specify VPN Service in the Router

on page 168.

7.

8.

Click the

For Smart Phone

button to download the OpenVPN configuration files.

On your Android device, download and install the OpenVPN Connect app from the Google

Play Store.

9.

On your computer, unzip the configuration files that you downloaded and send the files to your Android device.

10.

Open the files on your Android device.

11.

Open the

.ovpn file using the OpenVPN Connect app.

For more information about using OpenVPN on your Android device, visit

http://www.vpngate.net/en/howto_openvpn.aspx#android

.

Use a VPN Tunnel on Your Windows Computer

After you set up the router to use VPN and install the OpenVPN application on your Windows computer, you can open a VPN tunnel from your computer to your router over the Internet.

For the VPN tunnel to work, the local LAN IP address of the remote R7000 must have a different LAN IP scheme than the local LAN where your VPN client computer is connected. If both networks use the same LAN IP scheme, when the VPN tunnel is established, you cannot access your home router or your home network with the OpenVPN software.

The default LAN IP address scheme for the R7000 is 192.x.x.x. The most common IP schemes are 192.x.x.x, 172.x.x.x, and 10.x.x.x. If you experience a conflict, change the IP scheme either for your home network or for the network with the client VPN computer. For information about changing these settings, see

Change the LAN TCP/IP Settings

on page 122.

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173

To open a VPN tunnel on your WIndows computer:

1.

Launch the OpenVPN application with administrator privileges.

The OpenVPN icon displays in the Windows taskbar.

Tip:

You can create a shortcut to the VPN program, then in the settings for the shortcut and select the

run as administrator

check box. Then every time your launch this shortcut, OpenVPN automatically runs with administrator privileges.

2.

Right-click the OpenVPN icon.

A menu displays:

3.

Select

Connect

.

The VPN connection is established. You can do the following:

Launch an Internet browser and log in to your router.

Use Windows File Manager to access the router’s USB drive and download files.

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174

Use VPN to Access the Router’s USB Drive and Media

To access the router’s USB drive and download files from your Windows computer:

1.

In Windows File Manager, select the

Network

folder.

The network resources display. The ReadySHARE icon is in the computers section and the remote R7000 icon is in the Media Devices section (if DLNA is enabled in the router).

2.

If the icons do not display, click the

Refresh

button to update the page.

If the local LAN and the remote LAN are using the same IP scheme, the remote R7000 icon does not display in the Media Devices and Network Infrastructure sections.

3.

4.

To access the router’s USB drive, click the

ReadySHARE

icon.

To access media on the router’s network, click the

R7000

icon.

Use VPN to Access Your Internet Service at Home

When you’re away from home and you access the Internet, you usually use a local Internet service provider. For example, at a coffee shop you might be given a code that lets you use the coffee shop’s Internet service account to surf the web.

Nighthawk lets you use a VPN connection to access your own Internet service when you’re away from home. You might want to do this if you travel to a geographic location that doesn’t support all the Internet services that you use at home. For example, your Netflix account might work at home, but not in a different country.

Set Up VPN Client Internet Access in the Router

By default, the router is set up to allow VPN connections only to your home network. but you can change the setting to allow Internet access. Accessing the Internet remotely through a

VPN might be slower than accessing the Internet directly.

To allow VPN clients to use your home Internet service:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

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175

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service

.

The VPN Service page displays.

5.

6.

Select the

Enable VPN Service

check box.

Scroll down to the Clients will use this VPN connection to access section, and select the

All sites on the Internet & Home Network

radio button.

When you access the Internet with the VPN connection, instead of using a local Internet service, you use the Internet service from your home network.

7.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

8.

9.

Click

For Windows

or

For Non Windows

button and download the configuration files for your VPN clients.

Unzip the configuration files and copy them to the folder where the VPN client is installed on your device.

For a client device with Windows 64-bit system, the VPN client is installed at

C:\Program files\OpenVPN\config\

by default.

Block VPN Client Internet Access in the Router

By default, the router is set up this way. It allows VPN connections only to your home network, not to the Internet service for your home network. If you changed this setting to allow Internet access, you can change it back.

To allow VPN clients to access only your home network:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > VPN Service

.

The VPN Service page displays.

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176

5.

6.

Select the

Enable VPN Service

check box.

Scroll down to the Clients will use this VPN connection to access section, and select the

Home Network only

radio button.

This is the default setting. The VPN connection is only to your home network, not to the

Internet service for your home network.

7.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your settings are saved.

8.

9.

Click

For Windows

or

For Non Windows

button and download the configuration files for your VPN clients.

Unzip the configuration files and copy them to the folder where the VPN client is installed on your device.

For a client device with Windows 64-bit system, the VPN client is installed at

C:\Program files\OpenVPN\config\

by default.

Use a VPN Tunnel to Access Your Internet Service at Home

To access your Internet service:

1.

Set up the router to allow VPN access to your Internet service.

See

Set Up VPN Client Internet Access in the Router

on page 175

2.

On your computer, launch the OpenVPN application.

The OpenVPN icon displays in the Windows taskbar.

3.

4.

Right-click the icon, and select Select

Connect

.

When the VPN connection is established, launch your Internet browser.

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13.

Specify Internet Port Settings

13

You can use port forwarding and port triggering to set up rules for Internet traffic. You need networking knowledge to set up these features.

This chapter includes the following sections:

Set Up Port Forwarding to a Local Server

Set Up Port Triggering

178

Set Up Port Forwarding to a Local Server

If you have a server in your home network, you can allow certain types of incoming traffic to reach the server. For example, you might want to make a local web server, FTP server, or game server visible and available to the Internet.

The router can forward incoming traffic with specific protocols to computers on your local network. You can specify the servers for applications and you can also specify a default DMZ server to which the router forwards all other incoming protocols.

To forward specific incoming protocols:

1.

2.

Decide which type of service, application, or game you want to provide.

Find the local IP address of the computer on your network that will provide the service.

The server computer must always have the same IP address. To specify this setting, use the reserved IP address feature. See

Reserve LAN IP Addresses

on page 125.

3.

4.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

5.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

6.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering

.

7.

8.

Leave the

Port Forwarding

radio button selected as the service type.

In the Service Name list, select the service name.

If the service that you want to add is not in the list, create a custom service. See

Add a

Custom Port Forwarding Service

on page 180.

9.

In the Server IP Address field, enter the IP address of the computer that will provide the service.

10.

Click the

Add

button.

Specify Internet Port Settings

179

The service displays in the list.

Add a Custom Port Forwarding Service

To add a custom service:

1.

Find out which port number or range of numbers the application uses.

You can usually find this information by contacting the publisher of the application or user groups or news groups.

2.

3.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

4.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering

.

Leave the

Port Forwarding

radio button selected as the service type.

Click the

Add Custom Service

button.

8.

9.

In the

In the

Service Name

Service Type

field, enter a descriptive name.

field, select the protocol. If you are unsure, select

10.

In the

External Starting Port

field, enter the beginning port number.

TCP/UDP

.

If the application uses a single port, enter the same port number in the Ending Port field.

If the application uses a range of ports, enter the ending port number of the range in the

External Ending Port field.

11.

Specify the internal ports by one of these methods:

Leave the

Use the same port range for Internal port

check box selected.

Type the port numbers in the

Internal Starting Port

and

Internal Ending Port

fields.

Specify Internet Port Settings

180

12.

Type the IP address in the

Internal IP address

field or select the radio button for an attached device listed in the table.

13.

Click the

Apply

button.

The service is now in the list on the Port Forwarding/Port Triggering page.

Edit a Port Forwarding Service

To edit a port forwarding entry:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering

.

Leave the

Port Forwarding

radio button selected as the service type

In the table, select the radio button next to the service name.

Click the

Edit Service

button.

The Ports - Custom Services page displays.

8.

Specify changes to any of the following settings:

• Service Name

. Type the service name.

Service Type

. If you are unsure, select

TCP/UDP

.

External Starting Port

: If the application uses a single port, enter the same port number in the

External Ending Port

field. If the application uses a range of ports, enter the ending port number of the range in the

External Ending Port

field.

For the internal ports, leave the

Use the same port range for Internal port

check box selected.

Internal IP address

. Type the IP address in the Internal IP address field, or select the radio button for an attached device listed in the table.

9.

Click the

Apply

button.

Your changes are saved.

Delete a Port Forwarding Entry

To delete a port forwarding entry:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

Specify Internet Port Settings

181

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering

.

Select the

Port Forwarding

radio button as the service type

In the table, select the radio button next to the service name.

Click the

Delete Service

button.

Application Example: Make a Local Web Server Public

If you host a web server on your local network, you can use port forwarding to allow web requests from anyone on the Internet to reach your web server.

To make a local web server public:

1.

Assign your web server either a fixed IP address or a dynamic IP address using DHCP address reservation.

In this example, your router always gives your web server an IP address of 192.168.1.33.

2.

In the Port Forwarding/Port Triggering page, configure the router to forward the HTTP service to the local address of your web server at

192.168.1.33

.

HTTP (port 80) is the standard protocol for web servers.

3.

(Optional) Register a host name with a Dynamic DNS service, and specify that name in the

Dynamic DNS page of the router.

Dynamic DNS makes it much easier to access a server from the Internet because you can type the name in the Internet browser. Otherwise, you must know the IP address that the ISP assigned, which typically changes.

How the Router Implements the Port Forwarding Rule

The following sequence shows the effects of a port forwarding rule:

1.

When you type the URL www.example.com in your browser, the browser sends a web page request message with the following destination information:

• Destination address

your router.

. The IP address of www.example.com, which is the address of

• Destination port number

. 80, which is the standard port number for a web server process.

2.

Your router receives the message and finds your port forwarding rule for incoming port 80 traffic.

Specify Internet Port Settings

182

3.

4.

5.

The router changes the destination in the message to IP address 192.168.1.123 and sends the message to that computer.

Your web server at IP address 192.168.1.123 receives the request and sends a reply message to your router.

Your router performs Network Address Translation (NAT) on the source IP address, and sends the reply through the Internet to the computer or wireless device that sent the web page request.

Set Up Port Triggering

Port triggering is a dynamic extension of port forwarding that is useful in these cases:

An application must use port forwarding to more than one local computer (but not simultaneously).

An application must open incoming ports that are different from the outgoing port.

With port triggering, the router monitors traffic to the Internet from an outbound “trigger” port that you specify. For outbound traffic from that port, the router saves the IP address of the computer that sent the traffic. The router temporarily opens the incoming port or ports that you specify in your rule, and forwards that incoming traffic to that destination.

Port forwarding creates a static mapping of a port number or range of ports to a single local computer. Port triggering can dynamically open ports to any computer when needed and close the ports when they are no longer needed.

Note:

If you use applications such as multiplayer gaming, peer-to-peer connections, real-time communications such as instant messaging, or remote assistance (a feature in Windows XP), enable Universal Plug and Play (UPnP). See

Improve Network Connections with Universal

Plug and Play

on page 54.

Add a Port Triggering Service

To add a port triggering service:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering.

Specify Internet Port Settings

183

5.

6.

Select the

Port Triggering

radio button.

Click the

Add Service

button.

7.

8.

In the

Service Name

field, type a descriptive service name.

In the

Service User

list, select

Any,

or select

Single address

and enter the IP address of one computer:

• Any

(the default) allows any computer on the Internet to use this service.

• Single address

restricts the service to a particular computer.

9.

Select the service type, either

TCP

or

UDP

or

TCP/UDP

(both).

If you are not sure, select

TCP/UDP

.

10.

In the

Triggering Port

field, enter the number of the outbound traffic port that will open the inbound ports.

11.

Enter the inbound connection port information in the

Connection Type

,

Starting Port

, and

Ending Port

fields.

12.

Click the

Apply button

.

The service is now in the Portmap table. You must enable port triggering before the router used port triggering for the service that you added. See the following section.

Enable Port Triggering

To enable port triggering:

1.

2.

Launch a web browser from a computer or WiFi device that is connected to the network.

Enter

http://www.routerlogin.net

.

A login window displays.

3.

Enter the router user name and password.

The user name is

admin

. The default password is

password

. The user name and password are case-sensitive.

The BASIC Home page displays.

4.

Select

ADVANCED > Advanced Setup > Port Forwarding/Port Triggering

.

Specify Internet Port Settings

184

5.

Select the

Port Triggering

radio button.

6.

Clear the

Disable Port Triggering

check box.

If this check box is selected, the router does not use port triggering even if you have specified port triggering settings.

7.

In the Port Triggering Timeout field, enter a value up to 9999 minutes.

This value controls how long the inbound ports stay open when the router detects no activity. This value is required because the router cannot detect when the application terminates.

Application Example: Port Triggering for Internet Relay Chat

Some application servers, such as FTP and IRC servers, send replies to multiple port numbers. Using port triggering, you can tell the router to open more incoming ports when a particular outgoing port starts a session.

An example is Internet Relay Chat (IRC). Your computer connects to an IRC server at destination port 6667. The IRC server not only responds to your originating source port, but also sends an “identify” message to your computer on port 113. Using port triggering, you can tell the router, “When you initiate a session with destination port 6667, you must also allow incoming traffic on port 113 to reach the originating computer.” The following sequence shows the effects of the port triggering rule you have defined:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

You open an IRC client program to start a chat session on your computer.

Your IRC client composes a request message to an IRC server using a destination port number of 6667, the standard port number for an IRC server process. Your computer then sends this request message to your router.

Your router creates an entry in its internal session table describing this communication session between your computer and the IRC server. Your router stores the original information, performs Network Address Translation (NAT) on the source address and port, and sends this request message through the Internet to the IRC server.

Noting your port triggering rule and observing the destination port number of 6667, your router creates another session entry to send any incoming port 113 traffic to your computer.

The IRC server sends a return message to your router using the NAT-assigned source port

(for example, port 33333) as the destination port. The IRC server also sends an “identify” message to your router with destination port 113.

Specify Internet Port Settings

185

6.

7.

8.

When your router receives the incoming message to destination port 33333, it checks its session table to see if a session is active for port number 33333. Finding an active session, the router restores the original address information replaced by NAT and sends this reply message to your computer.

When your router receives the incoming message to destination port 113, it checks its session table and finds an active session for port 113 associated with your computer. The router replaces the message’s destination IP address with your computer’s IP address and forwards the message to your computer.

When you finish your chat session, your router eventually senses a period of inactivity in the communications. The router then removes the session information from its session table, and incoming traffic is no longer accepted on port numbers 33333 or 113.

Specify Internet Port Settings

186

14.

Troubleshooting

14

This chapter provides information to help you diagnose and solve problems you might have with your router. If you do not find the solution here, check the NETGEAR support site at

http://support.netgear.com

for product and contact information.

This chapter contains the following sections:

Quick Tips

Troubleshoot with the LEDs

Cannot Log In to the Router

Cannot Access the Internet

Changes Not Saved

Wireless Connectivity

Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility

187

Quick Tips

This section describes tips for troubleshooting some common problems.

Sequence to Restart Your Network

When you need to restart your network, follow this sequence:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Turn off

and

unplug the modem.

Turn off the router.

Plug in the modem and turn it on. Wait two minutes.

Turn on the router and wait two minutes.

Check Ethernet Cable Connections

If your device does not power on, make sure that the Ethernet cables are securely plugged in:

The Internet LED on the router is on if the Ethernet cable connecting the router and the modem is plugged in securely and the modem and router are turned on.

If one or more powered-on computers are connected to the router by an Ethernet cable, the corresponding numbered router LAN port LED lights.

Wireless Settings

Make sure that the wireless settings in the computer and router match exactly. The wireless network name (SSID) and wireless security settings of the router and wireless computer must match exactly.

If you set up an access list in the Advanced Wireless Settings page, you must add each wireless computer’s MAC address to the router’s access list.

Network Settings

Make sure that the network settings of the computer are correct. Wired and wirelessly connected computers must use network (IP) addresses on the same network as the router.

The simplest way to do this is to configure each computer to obtain an IP address automatically using DHCP.

Some cable modem service providers require you to use the MAC address of the computer initially registered on the account. You can view the MAC address in the Attached Devices page.

Troubleshooting

188

Troubleshoot with the LEDs

By default, the router is set with standard LED settings. If you disabled blinking for the LEDs or turned off all LEDs except the Power LED, you must return the LEDs to their standard settings for troubleshooting. For information about controlling the LED settings, see

Disable

LED Blinking or Turn off LEDs

on page 119.

Standard LED Behavior When the Router is Powered On

After you turn on power to the router, the following sequence of events occurs:

1.

2.

When power is first applied, verify that the Power LED

After approximately 30 seconds, verify the following:

The Power LED is solid white.

is lit.

The Internet LED is lit.

The WiFi LED is lit unless you turned off the wireless radio.

You can use the LEDs on the front panel of the router for troubleshooting.

Power LED Is Off or Blinking

Make sure that the power adapter is securely connected to your router and securely connected to a working power outlet.

Check that you are using the power adapter that NETGEAR supplied for this product.

If the Power LED blinks slowly and continuously, the router firmware is corrupted. This can happen if a firmware upgrade is interrupted, or if the router detects a problem with the firmware. If the error persists, you have a hardware problem. For recovery instructions, or help with a hardware problem, contact technical support at

www.netgear.com/support.

Power LED Stays Amber

When the router is turned on, the Power LED turns amber for about 20 seconds and then turns white. If the LED does not turn white, the router has a problem.

If the Power LED is still amber one minute after you turn on power to the router, do the following:

1.

2.

Turn off the power and then turn it back on to see if the router recovers.

Press and hold the

Reset

button to return the router to its factory settings.

See

Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility

on page 194.

If the error persists, you might have a hardware problem. Contact technical support at

www.netgear.com/support.

Troubleshooting

189

LEDs Never Turn Off

When the router is turned on, the LEDs light for about 10 seconds and then turn off. If all the

LEDs stay on, this indicates a fault within the router.

If all LEDs are still lit one minute after power-up, do the following:

Cycle the power to see if the router recovers.

Press and hold the

Reset

button to return the router to its factory settings. For more information, see

Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility

on page 194.

If the error persists, you might have a hardware problem. Contact technical support at

www.netgear.com/support

.

Internet or Ethernet Port LEDs Are Off

If either the Ethernet port LEDs or the Internet LED does not light when the Ethernet connection is made, check the following:

Make sure that the Ethernet cable connections are secure at the router and at the modem or computer.

Make sure that power is turned on to the connected modem or computer.

Be sure that you are using the correct cable.

When connecting the router’s Internet port to a cable or DSL modem, use the cable that was supplied with the cable or DSL modem. This cable can be a standard straight-through Ethernet cable or an Ethernet crossover cable.

WiFi LED Is Off

If the WiFi LED stays off, check to see if the WiFi On/Off button on the router has been pressed. This button turns the wireless radios in the router on and off. The WiFi LED is lit when the wireless radio is turned on.

Cannot Log In to the Router

If you are unable to log in to the router from a computer on your local network, check the following:

If you are using an Ethernet-connected computer, check the Ethernet connection between the computer and the router.

Make sure that the IP address of your computer is on the same subnet as the router. If you are using the recommended addressing scheme, your computer’s address is in the range of 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254.

If your computer’s IP address is shown as 169.254.x.x, recent versions of Windows and

Mac OS generate and assign an IP address if the computer cannot reach a DHCP server.

These autogenerated addresses are in the range of 169.254.x.x. If your IP address is in

Troubleshooting

190

this range, check the connection from the computer to the router, and reboot your computer.

If your router’s IP address was changed and you do not know the current IP address, clear the router’s configuration to factory defaults. This sets the router’s IP address to

192.168.1.1. For more information, see

Factory Settings

on page 197.

Make sure that your browser has Java, JavaScript, or ActiveX enabled. If you are using

Internet Explorer, click the

Refresh

button to be sure that the Java applet is loaded.

Try quitting the browser and launching it again.

Make sure that you are using the correct login information. The user name is

admin

, and the default password is

password

. Make sure that Caps Lock is off when you enter this information.

If you are attempting to set up your NETGEAR behind an existing router in your network, use bridge mode or set up the router as an access point.

If you are attempting to set up your NETGEAR router as a replacement for an ADSL gateway in your network, the router cannot perform many gateway services. For example, the router cannot convert ADSL or cable data into Ethernet networking information. NETGEAR does not support such a configuration.

Cannot Access the Internet

If you can access your router but not the Internet, check to see if the router can obtain an IP address from your Internet service provider (ISP). Unless your ISP provides a fixed IP address, your router requests an IP address from the ISP. You can determine whether the request was successful using the Router Status page.

To check the WAN IP address:

1.

2.

3.

4.

Start your browser, and select an external site such as

www.netgear.com

.

Access the router interface at

www.routerlogin.net.

Select

Administration > Router Status

.

Check that an IP address is shown for the Internet port. If 0.0.0.0 is shown, your router has not obtained an IP address from your ISP.

If your router cannot obtain an IP address from the ISP, you might need to force your cable or

DSL modem to recognize your new router by restarting your network. For more information, see

Sequence to Restart Your Network

on page 188.

If your router is still unable to obtain an IP address from the ISP, the problem might be one of the following:

Your Internet service provider (ISP) might require a login program.

Ask your ISP whether they require PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) or some other type of login.

If your ISP requires a login, the login name and password might be set incorrectly.

Troubleshooting

191

-

Your ISP might check for your computer’s host name.

Assign the computer host name of your ISP account as the account name in the Internet

Setup page.

-

Your ISP allows only one Ethernet MAC address to connect to Internet and might check for your computer’s MAC address. In this case, do one of the following:

Inform your ISP that you have bought a new network device, and ask them to use the router’s MAC address.

Configure your router to clone your computer’s MAC address.

If your router has an IP address, but your computer is does not load any web pages from the

Internet, it might be due to the following reasons:

Your computer might not recognize any DNS server addresses.

A DNS server is a host on the Internet that translates Internet names (such as www addresses) to numeric IP addresses. Typically, your ISP provides the addresses of one or two DNS servers for your use. If you entered a DNS address during the router’s configuration, reboot your computer, and verify the DNS address. You can configure your computer manually with DNS addresses, as explained in your operating system documentation

.

Your computer might not have the router configured as its TCP/IP gateway.

If your computer obtains its information from the router by DHCP, reboot the computer, and verify the gateway address.

You might be running login software that is no longer needed.

If your ISP provided a program to log you in to the Internet (such as WinPoET), you no longer need to run that software after installing your router. You might need to go to

Internet Explorer and select

Tools > Internet Options

, click the

Connections

tab, and select

Never dial a connection

.

Troubleshoot PPPoE

If you are using PPPoE, try troubleshooting your Internet connection.

To troubleshoot a PPPoE connection:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Select

Administration > Router Status

.

Click

Connection Status

.

Check the Connection Status display to see if your PPPoE connection is up and working.

If you don’t have a connection, you can attempt to reconnect by clicking the

Connect

button.

The router continues to attempt to connect indefinitely.

If you cannot connect after several minutes, you might be using an incorrect service name, user name, or password. There might also be a provisioning problem with your ISP.

Unless you connect manually, the router does not authenticate using PPPoE until data is transmitted to the network.

Troubleshooting

192

Troubleshoot Internet Browsing

If your router can obtain an IP address but your computer is unable to load any web pages from the Internet, check the following:

Your computer might not recognize any DNS server addresses. A DNS server is a host on the Internet that translates Internet names (such as www addresses) to numeric IP addresses.

Typically, your ISP provides the addresses of one or two DNS servers for your use. If you entered a DNS address during the router’s configuration, restart your computer.

Alternatively, you can configure your computer manually with a DNS address, as explained in the documentation for your computer.

Your computer might not have the router configured as its default gateway.

Reboot the computer and verify that the router address (www.routerlogin.net) is listed by your computer as the default gateway address.

You might be running login software that is no longer needed. If your ISP provided a program to log you in to the Internet (such as WinPoET), you no longer need to run that software after installing your router. You might need to go to Internet Explorer and select

Tools > Internet Options

, click the

Connections

tab, and select the

Never dial a connection

.

Changes Not Saved

If the router does not save the changes you make in the router interface, check the following:

When entering configuration settings, always click the another page or tab, or your changes are lost.

Apply

button before moving to

Click the

Refresh

or

Reload

button in the web browser. The changes might have occurred, but the old settings might be in the web browser’s cache.

Wireless Connectivity

If you are having trouble connecting wirelessly to the router, try to isolate the problem:

Does the wireless device or computer that you are using find your wireless network?

If not, check the WiFi LED on the front of the router. If it is off, you can press the

WiFi

On/Off

button on the router to turn the router wireless radios back on.

If you disabled the router’s SSID broadcast, then your wireless network is hidden and does not display in your wireless client’s scanning list. (By default, SSID broadcast is enabled.)

Does your wireless device support the security that you are using for your wireless network (WPA or WPA2)?

Troubleshooting

193

If you want to view the wireless settings for the router, use an Ethernet cable to connect a computer to a LAN port on the router. Then log in to the router, and select

BASIC >

Wireless

.

Note:

Be sure to click the

Apply

button if you change settings.

If your wireless device finds your network, but the signal strength is weak, check these conditions:

Is your router too far from your computer, or too close? Place your computer near the router, but at least 6 feet (1.8 meters) away, and see whether the signal strength improves.

Are objects between the router and your computer blocking the wireless signal?

Troubleshoot Your Network Using the Ping Utility

Most network devices and routers contain a ping utility that sends an echo request packet to the designated device. The device then responds with an echo reply. You can easily troubleshoot a network using the ping utility in your computer or workstation.

Test the LAN Path to Your Router

You can ping the router from your computer to verify that the LAN path to your router is set up correctly.

To ping the router from a Windows computer:

1.

2.

From the Windows toolbar, click

Start

and select

Run

.

In the field provided, type

ping

followed by the IP address of the router, as in this example:

ping www.routerlogin.net

3.

Click the

OK

button.

You should see a message like this one:

Pinging <IP address > with 32 bytes of data

If the path is working, you see this message:

Reply from < IP address >: bytes=32 time=NN ms TTL=xxx

If the path is not working, you see this message:

Request timed out

If the path is not functioning correctly, you might have one of the following problems:

Wrong physical connections

For a wired connection, make sure that the numbered LAN port LED is lit for the port to which you are connected.

Troubleshooting

194

Check that the appropriate LEDs are on for your network devices. If your router and computer are connected to a separate Ethernet switch, make sure that the link LEDs are lit for the switch ports that are connected to your computer and router.

Wrong network configuration

Verify that the Ethernet card driver software and TCP/IP software are both installed and configured on your computer.

Verify that the IP address for your router and your computer are correct and that the addresses are on the same subnet.

Test the Path from Your Computer to a Remote Device

After verifying that the LAN path works correctly, test the path from your computer to a remote device.

1.

2.

From the Windows toolbar, click the

Start

button and select

Run

.

In the Windows Run window, type:

ping -n 10

<

IP address

> where <IP address> is the IP address of a remote device such as your ISP DNS server.

If the path is functioning correctly, messages like those shown in the previous section display.

If you do not receive replies, check the following:

Check that your computer has the IP address of your router listed as the default gateway.

If DHCP assigns the IP configuration of your computers, this information is not visible in your computer Network Control Panel. Verify that the IP address of the router is listed as the default gateway.

Check to see that the network address of your computer (the portion of the IP address specified by the subnet mask) is different from the network address of the remote device.

Check that your cable or DSL modem is connected and functioning.

If your ISP assigned a host name to your computer, enter that host name as the account name in the Internet Setup page.

Your ISP might be rejecting the Ethernet MAC addresses of all but one of your computers.

Many broadband ISPs restrict access by allowing traffic only from the MAC address of your broadband modem. Some ISPs additionally restrict access to the MAC address of a single computer connected to that modem. If so, configure your router to “clone” or

“spoof” the MAC address from the authorized computer.

Troubleshooting

195

A.

Supplemental Information

This appendix covers the following topics:

Factory Settings

Technical Specifications

A

196

Factory Settings

You can return the router to its factory settings. Use the end of a paper clip or a similar object to press and hold the

Reset

button on the back of the router for at least seven seconds. The router resets, and returns to the factory configuration settings shown in the following table.

Table 3. Factory default settings

Feature

Router login

Internet connection

Local network

(LAN)

Firewall

User login URL

User name (case-sensitive)

Login password (case-sensitive)

WAN MAC address

WAN MTU size

Port speed

LAN IP

Subnet mask

DHCP server

DHCP range

Time zone

DHCP starting IP address

DHCP ending IP address

DMZ

Time zone

Default behavior

www.routerlogin.com or www.routerlogin.net

admin password

Use default hardware address

1500

AutoSensing

192.168.1.1

255.255.255.0

Enabled

192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.254

Pacific time

192.168.1.2

192.168.1.254

Disabled

GMT for WW except NA and GR, GMT+1 for GR, GMT-8 for NA

Disabled Time zone adjusted for daylight savings time

SNMP Disabled

Inbound (communications coming in from the Internet)

Disabled (except traffic on port 80, the HTTP port)

Outbound (communications going out to the Internet)

Enabled (all)

Source MAC filtering Disabled

Supplemental Information

197

Table 3. Factory default settings (continued)

Feature

Wireless Wireless communication

SSID name

Default behavior

Enabled

See router label

Security

Broadcast SSID

WPA2-PSK (AES)

Enabled

Auto

*

Transmission speed

Country/region

RF channel

United States in the US; otherwise varies by region

6 until region selected

Operating mode Up to 600 Mbps at 2.4 GHz, 1300 Mbps at 5 GHz

*. Maximum wireless signal rate derived from IEEE Standard 802.11 specifications. Actual throughput can vary. Network conditions and environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, building materials and construction, and network overhead, lower actual data throughput rate.

Supplemental Information

198

Technical Specifications

Table 4. R7000 Router specifications

Feature

Data and routing protocols

Power adapter

Dimensions

Weight

Operating temperature

Operating humidity

Electromagnetic emissions

LAN

WAN

Wireless

Radio data rates

Data encoding standards

Maximum computers per wireless network

Operating frequency range

802.11 security

Description

TCP/IP, RIP-1, RIP-2, DHCP, PPPoE, PPTP, Bigpond, Dynamic DNS, UPnP, and SMB

North America: 120V, 60 Hz, input

UK, Australia: 240V, 50 Hz, input

Europe: 230V, 50 Hz, input

All regions (output): 12V/3.5A DC output

Dimensions: 280 mm x 182 mm x 49 mm (11 in. x 7.17 in. x 1.9 in.)

Weight: 430 g (0.94 lbs)

0° to 40° C (32º to 104º F)

90% maximum relative humidity, noncondensing

FCC Part 15 Class B

VCCI Class B

EN 55 022 (CISPR 22), Class B C-Tick N10947

10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX or 1000BASE-T, RJ-45

10BASE-T or 100BASE-TX or 1000BASE-T, RJ-45

Maximum wireless signal rate complies with the IEEE 802.11 standard. See the footnote for the previous table.

Auto Rate Sensing

IEEE 802.11ac 2.0

IEEE 802.11n version 2.0

IEEE 802.11n 256QAM IEEE 802.11g, IEEE 802.11b 2.4 GHz

IEEE 802.11n, IEEE 802.11a 5.0 GHz

Limited by the amount of wireless network traffic generated by each node

(typically 50–70 nodes).

2.4 GHz

2.412–2.462 GHz (US)

2.412–2.472 GHz (Japan)

2.412–2.472 GHz (Europe ETSI)

5 GHz

5.18–5.24 + 5.745–5.825 GHz (US)

5.18–5.24 GHz (Europe ETSI)

WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, and WPA/WPA2

Supplemental Information

199

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