Champion Power Equipment 72531i Owner`s manual

Champion Power Equipment 72531i Owner`s manual
Owner’s Manual
ROTARY MOWER
HRC216HXA
The Power of Dreams
EM4
K2
POM53745-A
31VK6710
00X31-VK6-7100
Printed on
Recycled Paper
IPC 3240.2006.08
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
See page 56 for instructions on
setting up your Lawn Mower.
© 2004–2005 American Honda Motor Co., Inc.—All Rights Reserved
WARNING:
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the State
of California to cause cancer, birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Keep this owner’s manual handy, so you can refer to it at any time.
This owner’s manual is considered a permanent part of the lawn
mower and should remain with the lawn mower if resold.
The information and specifications included in this publication were in
effect at the time of approval for printing. American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc. reserves the right, however, to discontinue or change
specifications or design at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation whatever. No part of this publication may be
reproduced without written permission.
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your selection of a Honda lawn mower! We are
certain you will be pleased with your purchase of one of the finest lawn
mowers on the market.
We want to help you get the best results from your new mower and to
operate it safely. This manual contains the information on how to do
that; please read it carefully.
As you read this manual, you will find information preceded by a
NOTICE symbol. That information is intended to help you avoid
damage to your mower, other property, or the environment.
We suggest you read the Distributor’s Limited Warranty (page 72) and
Emission Control System Warranty (page 75) to fully understand
coverage and your responsibilities of ownership.
When your mower needs scheduled maintenance, keep in mind that
an authorized Honda servicing dealer is specially trained in servicing
Honda mowers and is supported by the parts and service divisions of
American Honda. Your Honda dealer is dedicated to your satisfaction
and will be pleased to answer your questions and concerns.
Best Wishes,
Power Equipment Division
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
1
INTRODUCTION
A FEW WORDS ABOUT SAFETY
Your safety and the safety of others are very important. Using this lawn
mower safely is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided
operating procedures and other information on labels and in this
manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt
you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all the
hazards associated with operating or maintaining a lawn mower. You
must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms
including:
•
Safety Labels — on the lawn mower.
•
Safety Messages — preceded by a safety alert  symbol and
one of three signal words: DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
 DANGER
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY
HURT if you don't follow instructions.
 WARNING
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY
HURT if you don't follow instructions.
 CAUTION
You CAN be HURT if you don't follow
instructions.
•
Safety Headings — such as IMPORTANT SAFETY REMINDERS or
IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.
•
Safety Chapter — such as LAWN MOWER SAFETY.
•
Instructions — how to use this mower correctly and safely.
This entire book is filled with important safety information — please
read it carefully.
2
CONTENTS
LAWN MOWER SAFETY ..............................................................................4
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ...................................................4
IMPORTANT MESSAGE TO PARENTS .................................................5
IMPORTANT MESSAGE TO EMPLOYERS ............................................6
SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS .................................................................6
CONTROLS & FEATURES ...........................................................................8
COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS .............................................8
DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS ............................................................10
BEFORE OPERATION ................................................................................13
ARE YOU READY TO GET STARTED? ...............................................13
IS YOUR LAWN MOWER READY TO GO? ..........................................13
CHECK YOUR WORK AREA ................................................................14
GET THE MOWER READY ...................................................................15
OPERATION ................................................................................................17
MOWING PRECAUTIONS ....................................................................17
STARTING THE ENGINE ......................................................................17
OPERATING THE CONTROLS FOR MOWING ....................................19
STOPPING THE ENGINE .....................................................................22
SAFE MOWING PRACTICES ...............................................................23
MOWING TIPS ......................................................................................25
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER ...........................................................28
THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE ..............................................28
MAINTENANCE SAFETY ......................................................................29
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ................................................................30
BLADES .................................................................................................31
GRASS BAG CLEANING AND REPLACEMENT ..................................34
ENGINE MAINTENANCE ......................................................................35
CONTROL CABLE ADJUSTMENTS .....................................................41
THROTTLE CABLE INSPECTION ........................................................44
FUEL SYSTEM ......................................................................................45
STORAGE ....................................................................................................47
STORAGE PREPARATION ...................................................................47
PLACING IN STORAGE ......................................................................52
REMOVING FROM STORAGE ...........................................................52
TRANSPORTING .........................................................................................53
BEFORE LOADING ...............................................................................53
LOADING AND UNLOADING ................................................................53
TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS ........................................54
ENGINE WILL NOT START ..................................................................54
LOSS OF POWER .................................................................................54
VIBRATION PROBLEMS .......................................................................55
MOWING AND BAGGING PROBLEMS ................................................55
SET-UP ........................................................................................................56
TECHNICAL & CONSUMER INFORMATION .............................................61
TECHNICAL INFORMATION .................................................................61
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM ...........................................................64
SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................67
CONSUMER INFORMATION ................................................................70
INDEX ...........................................................................................................78
QUICK REFERENCE INFORMATION ...............................Inside back cover
3
LAWN MOWER SAFETY
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Most accidents with walk-behind mowers can be prevented if you
follow all instructions in this manual and on the mower. The most
common hazards, according to accident statistics, are discussed
below, along with the best way to protect yourself and others.
Avoid Rotating Blades
Rotating blades can cause serious cuts and even amputate fingers,
hands, toes, or feet. Keep away from the mower deck whenever the
engine is running. If you need to adjust the cutting height, or work
around the deck for any other reason, always shut off the engine. Wear
heavy gloves and disconnect the spark plug cap when you need to
clean the mower deck or handle the blades.
Clear Mowing Area
Mower blades can throw rocks and other objects with enough force to
cause serious injury. Before mowing, carefully inspect the area and
remove all sticks, stones, pieces of wire, and other loose objects.
Never operate the blades over gravel.
Keep Shields in Place
Guards and shields are designed to protect you from being hit by
thrown objects and from hot engine parts and moving components. For
your safety and the safety of others, keep all shields in place when the
engine is running.
Refuel with Care
Gasoline is extremely flammable and gasoline vapor can explode.
Refuel only outdoors, in a well-ventilated area, with the engine OFF.
Never smoke near gasoline, and keep other flames and sparks away.
Always store gasoline in an approved container.
Wear Protective Clothing
Wearing protective clothing will reduce your risk of injury. Long pants
and eye protection reduce the risk of injuries from thrown objects.
Sturdy shoes with aggressive soles will help protect your feet and give
you better traction on slopes or uneven ground.
Turn Engine Off When Not Mowing
If you need to leave the mower for any reason, even just to inspect the
lawn ahead, always turn the engine OFF.
4
LAWN MOWER SAFETY
IMPORTANT MESSAGE TO PARENTS
YOUR CHILDREN’S SAFETY IS VERY IMPORTANT to Honda. That’s
why we urge you to read this message before letting your child operate
this lawn mower. Lawn mowers are tools, not toys. As with any
equipment, bad judgments can result in serious injuries. You can help
prevent accidents by making good decisions about if, when, and how
your child operates this equipment.
The first question you’ll need to ask is whether your child is capable of
operating this mower safely. Remember, young people vary widely,
and AGE IS NOT THE ONLY FACTOR.
Physically, a child must be LARGE ENOUGH AND STRONG
ENOUGH to easily start the mower and control its direction. The child
also needs enough size, strength, and coordination to comfortably
reach and operate the controls.
Another, tougher question you need to ask is if your child has enough
MATURITY AND RESPONSIBILITY to safely operate this mower.
Does the young person think through problems and come to logical
solutions? Be honest! Anyone who takes unnecessary risks and
doesn’t obey rules should not operate this lawn mower.
If you decide that your son or daughter can handle the mower safely,
CAREFULLY READ THE OWNER’S MANUAL with your child. Make
sure you both understand all instructions and safety information. Also,
be sure your child wears sturdy shoes and other protective clothing
when operating or handling the mower.
SUPERVISION is also very important. Walk with your child during the
first few minutes of mowing. Even after he or she has become
confident with the mower, do not let him or her use the mower without
good adult supervision. An adult should also be present during
refueling and maintenance. In fact, it’s up to the adult owner to make
sure that the mower is properly maintained and kept in safe operating
condition.
By always placing safety first, your child will acquire useful skills and a
sense of accomplishment. And you’ll both get the best results from
your lawn mower.
5
LAWN MOWER SAFETY
IMPORTANT MESSAGE TO EMPLOYERS
As an employer, you have special responsibilities to the people who
work for you.
Before you ask anyone to operate this mower, you need to determine
whether the person is old enough, large enough, and strong enough to
safely handle and control the mower.
If you decide he or she is, make sure the employee reads and
understands all instructions and warnings in this manual and on the
labels before operating the mower.
Allow adequate time for hands-on training by a qualified instructor, and
personally supervise practice sessions until you feel sure the
employee is ready to operate the machine.
Also be sure employees wear proper clothing and have eye protection
and any other gear that may be required by local ordinances or your
insurance company.
Remember, too, that you are responsible for keeping the mower
properly maintained and in safe operating condition.
Your commitment to safety on the job can help prevent accidents and
result in longer and more productive years of service.
SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS
These labels warn you of potential hazards that can cause serious
injury. Read them carefully. If a label comes off or becomes hard to
read, contact an authorized Honda servicing dealing for a
replacement.
6
LAWN MOWER SAFETY
UNDER NORMAL USAGE, THIS BAG MATERIAL
IS SUBJECT TO DETERIORATION AND WEAR,
AND SHOULD BE CHECKED FREQUENTLY FOR
BAG REPLACEMENT. THIS BAG CONFORMS
TO A.N.S.I. STANDARD B71.4, ANY REPLACEMENT
MUST MEET THIS STANDARD.
7
CONTROLS & FEATURES
COMPONENT & CONTROL LOCATIONS
BLADE CONTROL
LEVER
HANDLEBAR
SHIFT LEVER
THROTTLE LEVER
DRIVE
CLUTCH
LEVER
DISCHARGE GUARD
FUEL TANK CAP
GRASS BAG
RECOIL
STARTER
CUTTING HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
LEVER
MOWER
DECK
OIL FILLER CAP/
DIPSTICK
MUFFLER
8
SPARK PLUG
CAP
CONTROLS & FEATURES
BLADE CONTROL
LEVER
BLADE CONTROL
BUTTON
HANDLEBAR
CUTTING HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
LEVER
AIR CLEANER
CARBURETOR AND
FUEL VALVE
9
CONTROLS & FEATURES
DESCRIPTION OF CONTROLS
Fuel Valve
The fuel valve opens and closes the fuel passage from the fuel tank to
the carburetor.
FUEL VALVE
Throttle Lever
The throttle lever controls engine speed and opens and closes the
choke.
THROTTLE LEVER
10
CHOKE
Closes the choke; use when starting a cold engine.
FAST
For restarting a warm engine and for mowing.
SLOW
For idling the engine.
STOP
For stopping the engine.
CONTROLS & FEATURES
Blade Control Lever
The blade control lever starts and stops blade rotation.
BLADE CONTROL LEVER
BUTTON
Drive Clutch Lever
The drive clutch lever engages and disengages the transmission that
drives the rear wheels.
DRIVE CLUTCH LEVER
11
CONTROLS & FEATURES
Shift Lever
The shift lever selects and controls the self-propelled drive speed.
SLOW
FAST
TH
RO
TT
LE
SLOW Use a slow speed for mowing
thick grass or maneuvering in
small areas.
For maximum self-propelled
speed in large, open areas,
and for transport.
FAST
Cutting Height Adjustment Levers
Each wheel of the mower can
be adjusted to one of eight
settings. Each wheel should
be adjusted to the same
position.
3/4 in (19 mm)
1 in (25 mm)
1-1/2 in (39 mm)
2 in (51 mm)
2-1/2 in (63 mm)
3 in (76 mm)
3-1/2 in (89 mm)
4 in (101 mm)
ADJUSTMENT
LEVER
ADJUSTMENT LEVERS
12
BEFORE OPERATION
ARE YOU READY TO GET STARTED?
Your safety is your responsibility. A little time spent in preparation will
significantly reduce your risk of injury.
Knowledge
Read and understand this manual. Know what the controls do and how
to operate them.
Familiarize yourself with the lawn mower and its operation before you
begin using it. Know how to quickly shut off the lawn mower in case of
an emergency.
Are You Ready to Mow?
Be sure to wear protective clothing. Long pants and eye protection can
lower your risk of injury from thrown objects. Wear footwear that
protects your feet and won’t let you slip if you mow on slopes or
uneven ground.
IS YOUR LAWN MOWER READY TO GO?
For your safety, and to maximize the service life of your lawn mower, it
is very important to take a few moments before you operate the lawn
mower to check its condition. Be sure to take care of any problem you
find, or have your servicing dealer correct it, before you operate the
lawn mower.
 WARNING
Improperly maintaining this lawn mower, or
failing to correct a problem before
operation, could cause a malfunction in
which you could be seriously injured.
Always perform a pre-operation inspection
before each operation, and correct any
problem.
Before beginning your pre-operation checks, be sure the lawn mower
is on a level surface.
13
BEFORE OPERATION
Check the General Condition of the Lawn Mower
• Look around and underneath the lawn mower for signs of oil or
gasoline leaks.
• Look for signs of damage.
• Check each control for proper operation.
• Check the blades for wear. Replace as necessary (page 31).
• Check that the blade bolts are tight (page 33).
• Check that all nuts, bolts, and screws are tightened.
Check the Engine
• Check the air cleaner (page 37) and oil level (page 35).
• Check the fuel level (page 45). Starting with a full tank will help to
eliminate or reduce operating interruptions for refueling.
CHECK YOUR WORK AREA
For your safety and the safety of others, always inspect the area
before operating the lawn mower.
Objects
Anything which can be picked up by the blade and thrown is a potential
hazard to you and others. Look for things like stones, sticks, nails, and
wire, and remove them from the work area.
People and Pets
People and animals near the work area can move into your lawn
mower’s path or into a position where they could be struck by thrown
objects. Clear the area of people, especially children and pets. Their
safety is your responsibility.
Work Area
Check the condition of the grass. Adjust your lawn mower ground
speed and mowing swath accordingly.
14
BEFORE OPERATION
GET THE MOWER READY
Grass Bag
A lawn mower works like a vacuum cleaner; it blows air through the
bag, which traps the grass clippings. Always empty the grass bag
before it becomes filled to the limit of its capacity. Bagging
performance will diminish after the bag becomes about 90% filled.
Also, the bag is easier to empty when it is not packed full.
Inspection
Inspect the grass bag for tears, holes, and excessive wear. The grass
bag wears during normal use and will eventually require replacement.
Grass bag replacement is explained on page 34.
Installation
1. Raise the discharge guard
and hook the grass bag onto
the mower deck as shown.
GRASS BAG LID
DISCHARGE
GUARD
2. Release the discharge guard
to secure the grass bag.
Removal
1. Raise the discharge guard,
grasp the grass bag handle
and remove the grass bag.
2. Release the discharge guard.
3. When the grass bag is clear of the discharge guard, you can lift it
through the handlebar opening, or you can remove it to the rear of
the mower below the handlebar.
15
BEFORE OPERATION
Mulching Plug
To mulch the grass clippings
rather than bag them, install
the mulching plug.
SLOT
TAB
1. Stop the engine.
2. Raise the discharge
guard.
3. Remove the grass bag.
4. Insert the mulching plug
into the discharge chute
at the back of the
mower.
Make sure the tab at the bottom rear of the mulching plug fits
snugly into the slot at the back of the discharge chute.
Cutting Height
To adjust cutting height, pull each adjustment lever toward the wheel
and move it into another notch.
To lower the deck, move the front wheel adjusters backward and the
rear wheel adjusters forward.
To raise the deck, move the front wheel adjusters forward and the rear
wheel adjusters backward.
Move the adjustment lever to the same notch on each wheel.
If you are not sure what cutting height to select, start with a high setting
and mow a small area. If necessary, adjust the cutting height.
4 in (101 mm)
3-1/2 in (89 mm)
3 in (76 mm)
2-1/2 in (63 mm)
2 in (51 mm)
1-1/2 in (39 mm)
1 in (25 mm)
3/4 in (19 mm)
REAR WHEEL
16
FRONT WHEEL
OPERATION
MOWING PRECAUTIONS
Before operating the mower for the first time, please review
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION (page 4) and the previous
chapter, BEFORE OPERATION (page 13). Even if you have operated
other mowers, take time to become familiar with how this mower works
and practice in a safe area until you build up your skills. For your
safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such
as a garage. Your mower’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon
monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause
illness or death.
STARTING THE ENGINE
Before starting, always release the
blade control lever and the drive
clutch lever so the blade will not
turn and the mower will not move
forward when you operate the
starter.
FUEL
VALVE
ON
1. Turn the fuel valve to the ON
position.
COLD ENGINE:
Thro
ttle
2. Move the throttle lever to the
proper starting position.
CHOKE
Move the throttle lever to the
CHOKE position.
WARM ENGINE:
Move the throttle lever to the
FAST position.
FAST
17
OPERATION
3. Place your foot on the mower
deck step. Pull the starter grip
lightly until you feel
resistance, then pull briskly.
Return the starter grip gently.
4. If the CHOKE position was
used during starting, move the
throttle lever away from the
CHOKE position as soon as
the engine warms up enough
to run smoothly without use of
the choke. Set the throttle
lever at FAST to mow or at
SLOW to idle.
18
THROTTLE LEVER
FAST
CHOKE
OPERATION
OPERATING THE CONTROLS FOR MOWING
Throttle Lever
For best cut quality, always mow
with the throttle lever in the FAST
position. When the blades rotate
at the preset fast speed, it creates
a strong fan action that lifts and
cuts grass more efficiently. Do not
try to increase the preset engine
speed: the blades could fracture
and come apart.
Blade Control Lever
To start blade rotation, press the
button on top of the blade control
lever, then push the lever forward
quickly and hold it against the
handlebar. To prevent stalling,
always put the throttle lever in the
fast position before engaging the
blade control lever.
Release the blade control lever to
stop the blades.
THROTTLE LEVER
FAST
BLADE CONTROL LEVER
BUTTON
Operate the blade control lever
with a quick and complete motion,
so the blade control is always
either fully engaged or stopped.
This will help to prevent stalling the engine, and it will also extend the
service life of the blade control mechanism.
Always release the blade control lever before starting the engine to
prevent the blades from turning.
19
OPERATION
Drive Clutch Lever
Push the drive clutch lever
forward to propel the mower.
Release the drive clutch lever to
stop the mower’s forward
movement.
DRIVE CLUTCH LEVER
You can control self-propelled speed with the drive clutch lever. The
mower will move gradually faster as you push the drive clutch lever
forward. If you push the lever all the way forward to the handlebar, the
mower will move at the speed determined by the shift lever setting
(page 21).
When moving and using the drive clutch lever to change self-propelled
speed, continue to fully hold the blade control lever against the
handlebar. This will help prevent damage to the blade control
mechanism. Use the shift lever (page 21) to change the maximum
speed so you can hold the drive clutch lever comfortably against the
handlebar.
For self-propelled mowing, press the button on top of the blade control
lever, push the blade control lever forward, then push the drive clutch
lever forward. The drive clutch lever can be used to hold the blade
control lever against the handlebar.
Always release the drive clutch lever before starting the engine. If the
drive clutch is engaged, the mower will move forward when you
operate the starter.
20
OPERATION
Shift Lever
Use the shift lever to select the
forward speed at which you
wish to mow.
SLOW
TT
LE
O
TH
R
Do not use the throttle lever to
adjust your forward speed. The
throttle lever must remain in the
FAST position for good mowing
performance. Otherwise, cut
quality suffers.
SHIFT LEVER
FAST
The position of the shift lever
determines the maximum
ground speed when the drive
clutch lever is fully engaged. If
you wish to momentarily slow
the mower during operation,
partially release the drive clutch lever, then resume your normal speed
by pushing the drive clutch lever forward again. It is not necessary to
move the shift lever for momentary speed reduction.
For maximum mowing performance, use the lower speed range for
mowing and the higher speed range for transporting.
21
OPERATION
STOPPING THE ENGINE
1. Release the drive clutch and
blade control levers.
BLADE CONTROL LEVER
DRIVE
CLUTCH
LEVER
2. Move the throttle lever to
STOP.
3. When the mower is not in
use, turn the fuel valve to the
OFF position.
STOP
FUEL
VALVE
OFF
22
OPERATION
SAFE MOWING PRACTICES
For your safety, keep all four wheels on the ground, and be careful to
avoid losing your footing and your control of the mower. Keep a firm
grip on the handlebar, and walk, never run, with the mower. Be very
careful when mowing uneven or rough ground.
If stuck, do not kick or shove the mower with your foot. Use the
handlebar to control the mower.
 WARNING
The blades are sharp and spin at high speed.
A spinning blade can cut you severely and
can amputate fingers and toes.
•
•
•
Wear protective footwear.
Keep your hands and feet away from the
mower deck while the engine is running.
Stop the engine before performing any
adjustment, inspection, or maintenance.
Slopes
Mow across slopes, not up and
down. Avoid steep slopes (more
than 20°), and be careful when
changing direction. Mowing on a
slope when the grass is damp or
wet could cause you to slip, fall,
and lose control of the mower.
MAXIMUM SLOPE: 20°
23
OPERATION
Obstacles
Use the side of the mower to cut close to large obstacles, such as
fences or walls.
Release the drive clutch lever to disengage the drive when mowing
around trees and other obstacles. Push the mower around obstacles
for better directional control. Be careful when mowing over obstacles
embedded in the lawn, such as sprinkler heads, paving, edging, raised
tree roots, etc. Avoid anything that sticks up above the surface of the
lawn.
If the blade hits something, or if the mower starts to vibrate, stop the
engine immediately, disconnect the spark plug cap, and check the
mower for damage (page 31). Striking objects may damage the
blades, bend the crankshaft, and/or break the mower deck or other
components. Vibration usually indicates serious trouble.
 WARNING
A worn, cracked, or damaged blade can
break, and pieces of the damaged blade
can become dangerous projectiles.
Thrown objects can cause serious injury.
Inspect the blades regularly, and do not
operate the mower with a worn or damaged
blade.
The Distributor’s Limited Warranty page does not cover parts
damaged by accident or collision.
Gravel and Loose Objects
Gravel, loose stones, and landscaping material can be picked up by
the mower and thrown great distances with enough force to cause
serious personal injury and/or property damage. The best way to
prevent potential injury from thrown objects is to release the blade
control lever to stop the blades before reaching areas with gravel,
loose stones, or landscaping material.
24
OPERATION
MOWING TIPS
When to Mow
Most grasses should be mowed
when they have grown 1/2 to 1 inch
above their recommended height.
More frequent mowing is required for mulching than for bagging. For
best results, you may need to mow the lawn twice a week during the
growing season.
Cutting Height
Consult a local nursery or lawn and garden
center for cutting height recommendations
and advice about specific types of grasses
and growing conditions in your area.
If you look closely, you’ll see that most
grass has stems and leaves. If you cut off
the leaves, you’ll scalp the lawn. Let the
grass recover between mowings. Your
mower will work better, and your lawn will
look better.
LONG ENOUGH
TOO SHORT
If your grass gets too tall, cut it once at the highest cutting height
setting, then mow again in 2 or 3 days. Don’t take off more than one
third of total grass height in any one mowing, or brown patches may
develop.
Cutting height adjustment is explained on page 16.
Cutting Width
For an even lawn finish, overlap each mowing swath by a few inches. If
the grass is very tall or thick, use more overlap and a narrower mowing
swath.
Blade Speed
The blade must spin very fast to cut properly. Always use the FAST
throttle setting, and keep the engine running at maximum rpm.
If engine speed drops, it could mean the engine is being overloaded by
the blade trying to cut too much grass. Mow a narrower swath, move
the mower slower, or raise the cutting height.
25
OPERATION
Blade Sharpness
A sharp blade cuts cleanly. A dull blade tears the grass, leaving
shredded ends that turn brown. When your blade doesn’t cut cleanly
anymore, have it sharpened or replaced.
Dry Grass
If the ground is too dry, mowing will stir up a lot of dust. Besides being
unpleasant to work in, too much dust will clog the air filter. If dust is a
problem, water your lawn the day before mowing. Mow when the grass
is dry to your touch, but the soil is still moist.
Wet Grass
Wet grass is slippery and can make you lose your footing. Also, wet
grass clippings will clog the mower deck and collect in clumps on the
lawn. Always wait for wet grass to dry before mowing.
Fallen Leaves
Your mower can be used to pick up fallen leaves for disposal. If using
the mower to bag large amounts of fallen leaves, and not for mowing,
set the cutting height adjustment levers so the front of the mower deck
is one or two settings higher than the rear.
If you want to mulch fallen leaves into your lawn, don't let the leaf cover
get too deep before you begin. For best results, start mulching while
grass still shows through the leaf cover. In places where fallen leaves
completely cover the grass, remove the leaves by raking, or use the
grass bag, so your mower can pick them up for disposal.
Clogged Mower Deck
Before clearing a clogged mower deck, stop the engine and turn the
fuel valve to the OFF position. With the spark plug cap disconnected,
tilt the mower so the air cleaner side is up.
Clear a clogged deck with a stick, not your hands.
26
OPERATION
Mowing Patterns
Your Honda mower will work most efficiently if you use the following
mowing patterns as much as possible. Mower deck and equipment
design, and the direction in which the blade rotates, cause these
mowing patterns to give the best results.
If your lawn has an irregular shape or many obstacles, divide it into
sections where you can use the recommended mowing pattern.
Mulching
Use a counterclockwise mowing
pattern.
MULCHING PATTERN
Bagging
Use a clockwise mowing pattern.
This will give the best bagging
performance, leaving the least
amount of clippings on the lawn.
Side-Discharge Mowing
(Requires optional side-discharge
chute).
Where possible, use the same
mowing pattern recommended for
bagging. If the lawn has an irregular
shape or many obstacles, divide it
into sections where clippings will be
discharged away from uncut areas.
This will prevent clippings from
piling up in the path of the mower.
BAGGING AND SIDEDISCHARGE PATTERN
27
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE
Good maintenance is essential for safe, economical, and trouble-free
operation. It will also help reduce air pollution.
 WARNING
Improper maintenance, or failure to correct a
problem before operation, can cause a
malfunction in which you can be seriously hurt
or killed.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance
recommendations and schedules in this
owner’s manual.
To help you properly care for your mower, the following pages include
a maintenance schedule, routine inspection procedures, and simple
maintenance procedures using basic hand tools. Other service tasks
that are more difficult, or require special tools, are best handled by
professionals and are normally performed by a Honda technician or
other qualified mechanic.
The maintenance schedule applies to normal operating conditions. If
you operate your mower under severe conditions, such as sustained
high-load or high-temperature operation, or use in unusually wet or
dusty conditions, consult your servicing dealer for recommendations
applicable to your individual needs and use.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission control
devices and systems may be performed by any engine repair
establishment or individual, using parts that are “certified” to
EPA standards.
28
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
MAINTENANCE SAFETY
Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we
cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in
performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you
should perform a given task.
 WARNING
Failure to properly follow maintenance
instructions and precautions can cause you to
be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and precautions
in this owner’s manual.
Safety Precautions
• Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or
repairs. This will eliminate several potential hazards:
– Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust.
Be sure there is adequate ventilation whenever you operate
the engine.
– Burns from hot parts.
Let the engine and exhaust system cool before touching.
– Injury from moving parts.
Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.
•
Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have
the tools and skills required.
•
To reduce the possibility of fire or explosion, be careful when
working around gasoline. Use only a nonflammable solvent, not
gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away
from all fuel-related parts.
Remember that an authorized Honda servicing dealer knows your
mower best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it.
To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new, genuine Honda
parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement.
29
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (1)
ITEM
Perform at every
indicated interval
Blades
Grass bag
Engine oil
See
Every Every Every
page
50
100
300
hours hours hours
Inspect condition
O
31
Check bolt torque
O
33
Check
O
34
Check
O
35
Change
Check
Air cleaner
Before First
each
20
use
hours
O
O (2)
Clean
O (2)
37
Replace filter
Spark plug
O (2)
Check-Adjust
O
Replace
O
Spark arrester
Clean-Inspect
(optional equipment)
Valve clearance
Check-Adjust
Ratchet receiver
Lubricate
Blade control
Drive clutch
Throttle cable
Idle speed
Fuel system
O
O (3)
O
O
Adjust cable
O
O
Adjust cable
O
O
Check
O
38
40
O (3)
Check operation
Adjust
36
O
–
–
41
42
44
O (3)
Check-Adjust
–
O (3)
–
Clean tank
O (3)
–
Check line
Every 2 years [replace if necessary (3)]
–
(1) For commercial use, log hours of operation to determine the proper
maintenance intervals.
(2) Service more frequently when used in dusty areas.
(3) These items should be serviced by an authorized Honda servicing
dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically
proficient. Refer to the Honda shop manual for service procedures.
Failure to follow this maintenance schedule could result in
non-warrantable failures.
30
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
BLADES
Inspection
1. Move the throttle lever to
STOP and the fuel valve to
OFF (page 10).
2. Disconnect the spark plug
cap from the spark plug
(page 38).
3. Tilt the mower to the right,
from the operators view, so
the air cleaner side is up.
BLADE BOLTS
4. Check that the blade bolts are tight (page 33).
5. Inspect blades for wear and damage.
 WARNING
A worn, cracked, or damaged blade can break, and pieces
of the damaged blade can become dangerous projectiles.
Thrown objects can cause serious injury.
Inspect the blade regularly, and do not operate the mower
with a worn or damaged blade.
NORMAL
EXCESSIVELY
WORN
BENT
CRACKED
A dull blade can be sharpened, but a blade that is excessively
worn, bent, cracked, or otherwise damaged must be replaced.
A worn or damaged blade can break, causing blade pieces to be
thrown from the mower.
If the blades are bent or dull, take the lawn mower to an authorized
Honda servicing dealer for inspection. If you have a torque wrench,
you can remove and install the blades yourself (page 32).
31
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Blade Removal and Installation
If you remove the blades for sharpening or replacement, you will need
a torque wrench for installation. Wear heavy gloves to protect your
hands.
BLADE SHARPENING: To avoid weakening the blades or causing
imbalance or poor cutting, the blades should be sharpened by trained
staff at an authorized Honda servicing dealer.
BLADE REPLACEMENT: Use genuine Honda replacement blades or
their equivalent (page 74).
Blade Removal
1. Move the throttle lever to STOP and the fuel valve to OFF
(page 10).
2. Disconnect the spark plug cap from the spark plug (page 38).
3. Tilt the mower to the right, from the operators view, so the air
cleaner side is up. This will help to prevent fuel leakage and hard
starting due to carburetor flooding.
4. Use a wooden block to hold the blades so they cannot turn.
5. Remove the two blade bolts with a 14 mm socket wrench.
6. Remove both blades from the blade control assembly.
UPPER BLADE
LOWER BLADE
SPECIAL WASHER (2)
BLADE BOLT (2)
32
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Blade Installation
1. Clean dirt and grass from around the blade mounting area.
2. Install the blades using the two blade bolts and special washers as
shown. Be sure to install the special washers with the concave side
toward the blades and the convex side toward the bolts.
The blade bolts and washers are specially designed for this
application. When replacing bolts and washers, use only genuine
Honda replacement parts.
BLADES
TO ENGINE
BLADE
HOLDER
UPPER
BLADE
LOWER
BLADE
SPECIAL
WASHER (2)
WOODEN BLOCK
BLADE BOLT (2)
3. Finger tighten the blade bolts until both blades are secured on the
blade holder. Make sure that the bolt holes on the upper blade are
fully seated over the locator pins.
If the blades are not fully seated on the locator pins, they will cause
excessive vibration and damage your lawn mower. Do not continue
to run the engine if you notice excessive vibration. Re-check the
positioning of the blades.
4. With the blades properly seated, hold the blades so they cannot
rotate and tighten the bolts with a torque wrench.
Blade bolt torque: 36 ~ 43 ft-lb; 5.0 ~ 6.0 kg-m (49 ~ 59 N·m)
If you do not have a torque wrench, have an authorized Honda
servicing dealer tighten the blade bolts before you use the mower.
If the blade bolts are overtightened, they could break. If the blade
bolts are not tightened enough, they could loosen or come out. In
either case, it would be possible for the blades to fly off while you
are operating the mower.
5. Install the spark plug cap on the spark plug.
33
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
GRASS BAG CLEANING AND REPLACEMENT
Grass Bag Cleaning
Wash the bag with a garden hose, and allow it to dry completely before
use; a wet bag will clog quickly.
Grass Bag Replacement
Replace a worn or damaged bag with a Honda replacement bag or its
equivalent (page 70).
Bag Removal
1. Unclip the plastic edges of
the bag from the frame.
2. Remove the bag from the
frame.
Bag Installation
1. Insert the bag frame into
the bag, as shown.
2. Clip the plastic edges of the
bag onto the frame.
PLASTIC EDGE
FRAME
34
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
ENGINE MAINTENANCE
Engine Oil Level Check
1. Unscrew and remove the filler
cap/dipstick and wipe it clean.
2. Insert and remove the dipstick
without screwing it into the
filler neck. Check the oil level
shown on the dipstick.
3. If the oil level is low, add oil to
reach the upper limit mark on
the dipstick. Do not overfill. If
the engine is overfilled, the
excess oil may get transferred
to the air cleaner housing and
air cleaner filter.
FILLER
CAP/DIPSTICK
NOTICE
Running the engine with a low
oil level can cause engine
damage.
UPPER LIMIT
LOWER LIMIT
4. Screw in the filler cap/dipstick
securely.
Engine Oil Recommendations
Oil is a major factor affecting
performance and service life. Use
4-stroke automotive detergent oil.
SAE 10W-30 is recommended for
general use. Other viscosities
shown in the chart may be used
when the average temperature in
your area is within the
recommended range.
–20
–30
0
–20
20
–10
40
0
60
10
1000F
80
20
30
400C
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
The SAE oil viscosity and service classification are in the API label on
the oil container. Honda recommends API SERVICE category SJ or
later oil with the ILSAC “starburst” certification mark displayed on the
container.
35
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Engine Oil Change
Drain the used oil while the engine is warm. Warm oil drains quickly
and completely.
1. Put the throttle lever in the STOP position.
2. Turn the fuel valve OFF (page 10). This will reduce the possibility
of fuel leakage.
3. Wipe the oil filler area clean, then remove the oil filler cap/dipstick.
4. Place a suitable container
next to the mower to catch
the used oil, then tilt the
mower on its right side.
The used oil will drain
through the filler neck. Allow
the oil to drain completely.
Please dispose of used motor oil and the containers in a manner
that is compatible with the environment. We suggest you take it in
a sealed container to your local recycling center or service station
for reclamation. Do not throw it in the trash, pour it on the ground or
down a drain.
5. Fill with the recommended
oil. Do not overfill. Allow a
couple of minutes for the oil
to settle in the engine, then
measure the oil level as
shown on page 35.
NOTICE
Using nondetergent oil can
shorten the engine’s service life, and using 2-stroke oil can
damage the engine.
36
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Air Cleaner Service
A dirty air filter will restrict air flow to the carburetor, reducing engine
performance. If you operate the mower in very dusty areas, clean the
air filter more often than specified in the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
(page 30).
NOTICE
Operating the engine without an air filter, or with damaged elements,
will allow dirt to enter the engine, causing rapid engine wear. This type
of damage is not covered by the Distributor’s Limited Warranty
(page 72).
COVER
SCREWS (2)
PAPER FILTER ELEMENT
COVER
FOAM FILTER ELEMENT
AIR CLEANER HOUSING
1. Unscrew and remove the air cleaner cover screws, then remove
the air cleaner cover.
2. Remove the air filter and separate the filter elements.
3. Inspect the elements for holes, tears, or other damage, and
replace them if they are damaged.
4. Clean the elements.
Paper element: Tap the element several times on a hard surface to
remove dirt, or blow compressed air (not exceeding 30 psi
[207 kPa]) through the element from the inside. Never try to brush
off dirt; brushing will force dirt into the fibers.
37
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Foam element: Clean it in warm soapy water and rinse or clean it in
nonflammable solvent; allow it to dry thoroughly. Apply foam filter
oil to the clean foam element and squeeze out all the excess oil.
NOTICE
Excess oil will restrict air flow through the foam element and may
transfer to the paper element, soaking and clogging it.
5. Wipe dirt from the inside of the air cleaner housing and cover,
using a moist rag. Be careful to prevent dirt from entering the air
duct that leads to the carburetor.
6. Reinstall the filter and cover. Tighten the cover screws securely.
Spark Plug Service
RECOMMENDED SPARK PLUGS
REGULAR
RESISTOR*
NGK
BP5ES
BPR5ES
DENSO
W16EP-U
W16EPR-U
CHAMPION
N12Y
RN12Y
*Resistor spark plugs reduce interference with radio and TV reception.
NOTICE
Incorrect spark plugs can cause engine damage.
For good performance, the spark plug must be properly gapped and
free of deposits.
1. Disconnect the spark plug cap
and remove any dirt from
around the spark plug area.
SPARK
PLUG
SPARK
PLUG
CAP
38
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
2. Remove the spark plug with a
13/16 in (21 mm) spark plug
wrench.
SPARK PLUG
WRENCH
3. Inspect the spark plug.
Replace it if the electrodes are
worn, or if the insulator is
cracked or chipped.
4. Measure the spark plug
electrode gap with a suitable
gauge. The gap should be 0.028 ~ 0.031 in (0.7 ~ 0.8 mm). Correct
the gap, if necessary, by carefully bending the side electrode.
5. Install the spark plug carefully,
by hand, to avoid
cross-threading.
0.028 ~ 0.031 in
(0.7 ~ 0.8 mm)
6. After the spark plug seats,
tighten with a 13/16 in (21 mm)
spark plug wrench to compress
the washer.
SEALING
WASHER
If reinstalling the old spark plug,
tighten 1/8 to 1/4 turn after the
spark plug seats.
If installing a new spark plug,
tighten 1/2 turn after the spark
plug seats to compress the washer.
NOTICE
A loose spark plug can overheat and damage the engine.
Overtightening the spark plug can damage the threads in the
cylinder head.
7. Install the spark plug cap on the spark plug.
39
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Spark Arrester Service (optional equipment)
Your lawn mower engine is not factory-equipped with a spark arrester.
In some areas, it is illegal to operate an engine without a spark
arrester. Check local laws and regulations. An optional USDA
approved spark arrester is available from an authorized Honda
servicing dealer.
The spark arrester must be serviced every 100 hours to keep it
functioning as designed.
1. Allow the engine to cool and disconnect the spark plug cap to
prevent accidental starting.
2. Remove the muffler heat shield, identification plate, muffler, and
gasket.
3. Remove the spark arrester from the muffler.
4. Check for carbon deposits on the spark arrester and the exhaust
port. Brush carbon deposits away. Be careful to avoid damaging
the spark arrester screen.
5. Installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten all hardware
securely.
6. Install the spark plug cap on the spark plug.
MUFFLER
HEAT
SHIELD
MUFFLER
GASKET
SPARK ARRESTER
IDENTIFICATION
PLATE
SCREEN
40
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
CONTROL CABLE ADJUSTMENTS
Blade Control Lever Adjustment
1. Push the button down on the blade control lever and measure free
play at the top of lever.
Free play should be 3/4 ~ 1 in (20 ~ 25 mm). If adjustment is
necessary:
2. Loosen the lock nuts with a 10 mm wrench, and move the adjuster
up or down as required.
3. Tighten the lock nuts and recheck free play.
4. Start the engine outdoors. Move the throttle to FAST. Operate the
blade control lever. The blades should engage when you push the
lever forward and the blades should stop quickly when the lever is
released.
If the blades do not start or stop as it should with the correct cable
adjustment, take the mower to an authorized Honda servicing
dealer for repair.
3/4 ~ 1 in
(20 ~ 25 mm)
BLADE CONTROL
LEVER
LOCK NUTS
ADJUSTER
41
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Drive Clutch Cable Adjustment
1. Remove the grass bag and
raise the discharge guard.
2. Remove the screw from the
transmission cover plate
and remove the cover
plate.
3. Set the rear cutting height
adjusters in the highest
cutting height position (see
page 16).
TRANSMISSION
COVER PLATE
4. Move the shift lever to the
slowest position.
SLOW
FAST
SHIFT
LEVER
5. Push the drive clutch lever
all the way forward and
hold it against the
handlebar.
DRIVE
CLUTCH
LEVER
42
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
6. While holding the drive
clutch lever all the way
forward, look through the
cover plate hole and check
the position of the control
arm.
The center of the notch on
the control arm should align
with the index mark on the
transmission case.
INDEX
MARK
CONTROL
ARM
NOTCH
7. If adjustment is necessary,
loosen the drive clutch cable
lock nuts with a 10 mm
wrench and move the
adjuster up or down as
required.
8. Tighten the lock nuts.
9. Operate the clutch lever
several times and recheck
control arm alignment.
10. After the control arm is
precisely aligned, re-install
the transmission cover plate.
11. Start the engine and operate
the drive clutch lever. Check
to be sure the drive clutch
lever operates properly.
If the drive clutch lever does
not operate properly after the
cable is correctly adjusted,
take the mower to an
authorized Honda servicing
dealer for repair.
LOCK NUTS
ADJUSTER
43
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
THROTTLE CABLE INSPECTION
Throttle cable adjustment is necessary if the throttle lever does not
operate the choke properly.
You can inspect choke operation by observing the movement of the
choke arm, which is located on top of the carburetor.
1. Move the throttle lever to the
CHOKE position. The choke arm
should move counterclockwise
until it contacts the stop post on
the carburetor.
Push the choke arm with your
finger to verify that it has moved
as far as it will go.
2. Move the throttle lever to the
FAST position. The choke arm
should move clockwise until it
contacts the stop post on the
carburetor.
Push the choke arm with your
finger to verify that it has moved
as far as it will go.
3. If the choke arm does not move
all the way to its stop in either
direction, take the mower to an
authorized Honda servicing
dealer. Throttle cable adjustment
involves related control plate
adjustments.
44
STOP
FAST
CHOKE
THROTTLE
LEVER
CHOKE
ARM
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
FUEL SYSTEM
Refueling
Fuel tank capacity: 0.53 US gal (2.0 l)
If the fuel level is low, refuel in a well-ventilated area with the engine
stopped. If the engine has been running, allow it to cool first. Refer to
page 46 for fuel recommendations and page 63 for information about
oxygenated fuels.
To refuel, remove the fuel tank cap, and fill the tank with gasoline to the
bottom of the filler neck. Refuel carefully to avoid spilling fuel. Do not
overfill; fuel should be below the upper level indicator in the filler neck.
After refueling, tighten the fuel tank cap securely.
FUEL
TANK
CAP
FUEL
FILLER
NECK
FUEL LEVEL
INDICATOR
 WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive.
You can be burned or seriously injured when
handling fuel.
•
•
•
Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks, and
flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
45
SERVICING YOUR LAWN MOWER
Never refuel the engine inside a building where gasoline fumes may
reach flames or sparks. Keep gasoline away from appliance pilot
lights, barbecues, electric appliances, power tools, etc.
Spilled fuel is not only a fire hazard, it causes environmental damage.
Wipe up spills immediately.
Move at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from the fueling source and site
before starting the engine.
NOTICE
Fuel can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling your fuel tank. Damage caused by spilled fuel is not covered by
the Distributor’s Limited Warranty (page 72).
Fuel Recommendations
Use unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of 86 or higher.
This engine is certified to operate on unleaded gasoline. Unleaded
gasoline produces fewer engine and spark plug deposits and extends
exhaust system life.
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture.
Avoid getting dirt or water in the fuel tank.
Occasionally you may hear light “spark knock” or “pinging” (metallic
rapping noise) while operating under heavy loads. This is no cause for
concern.
If spark knock or pinging occurs at a steady engine speed, under
normal load, change brands of gasoline. If spark knock or pinging
persists, see an authorized Honda servicing dealer.
NOTICE
Running the engine with persistent spark knock or pinging can cause
engine damage.
This is considered misuse, and the Distributor’s Limited Warranty
(page 72) does not cover parts damaged by misuse.
For oxygenated fuel information refer to page 63.
46
STORAGE
STORAGE PREPARATION
Proper storage preparation is essential for keeping your lawn mower
trouble free and looking good. The following steps will help to keep rust
and corrosion from impairing your lawn mower’s function and
appearance, and will make the engine easier to start when you use the
lawn mower again.
Cleaning
1. Wash the lawn mower, including the underside of the mower deck.
Engine
Wash the engine by hand, and be careful to prevent water from
entering the air cleaner.
NOTICE
• Using a garden hose or pressure washing equipment can force
water into the air cleaner. Water in the air cleaner will soak the
paper filter and can enter the carburetor or engine cylinder,
causing damage.
•
Water contacting a hot engine can cause damage. If the engine
has been running, allow it to cool for at least half an hour before
washing.
Mower Deck
If using a garden hose or pressure washing equipment to clean the
mower deck, be careful to avoid getting water into controls and
cables, or anywhere near the engine air cleaner or muffler opening.
Before washing the underside of the mower deck, be sure the
throttle lever is in the STOP position and the fuel valve is in the
OFF position. Disconnect the spark plug cap. Rest the mower on
its right side, so the carburetor side is up. This will help to prevent
fuel leakage and hard starting due to carburetor flooding. Wear
heavy gloves to protect your hands from the blades.
Grass Bag
Remove the bag from the mower and wash it with a garden hose or
pressure washing equipment. Allow the bag to dry completely
before storage.
47
STORAGE
2. After washing the lawn mower, wipe dry all accessible surfaces.
3. With the mower in an upright position, start the engine outdoors,
and let it run until it reaches normal operating temperature to
evaporate any water remaining on the engine.
4. While the engine is running, operate the blade control lever 4 or 5
times to expel water from the blade control mechanism. Allow the
blade to spin for several minutes to ensure that no water remains.
5. Stop the engine and allow it to cool.
6. After the lawn mower is clean and dry, touch up any damaged
paint (touch-up paint part numbers are on page 74), and coat other
areas that may rust with a light film of oil. Lubricate the control
cable cores with a silicone spray lubricant (page 74).
48
STORAGE
Fuel
Gasoline will oxidize and deteriorate in storage. Old gasoline will cause
hard starting, and it leaves gum deposits that clog the fuel system. If
the gasoline in your mower deteriorates during storage, you may need
to have the carburetor and other fuel system components serviced or
replaced.
The length of time that gasoline can be left in your fuel tank and
carburetor without causing functional problems will vary with such
factors as gasoline blend, your storage temperatures, and whether the
fuel tank is partially or completely filled. The air in a partially filled fuel
tank promotes fuel deterioration. Very warm storage temperatures
accelerate fuel deterioration. Fuel deterioration problems may occur
within a few months, or even less if the gasoline was not fresh when
you filled the fuel tank.
The Distributor’s Limited Warranty (page 72) does not cover fuel
system damage or engine performance problems resulting from
neglected storage preparation.
You can extend fuel storage life by adding a gasoline stabilizer that is
formulated for that purpose, or you can avoid fuel deterioration
problems by draining all the fuel from the fuel tank and carburetor.
Adding a Fuel Stabilizer
When adding a fuel stabilizer (page 74), fill the fuel tank with fresh
gasoline. If only partially filled, air in the tank will promote fuel
deterioration during storage. If you keep a container of gasoline for
refueling, be sure that it contains only fresh gasoline.
1. Add fuel stabilizer following the manufacturer’s instructions.
2. After adding a fuel stabilizer, run the engine outdoors for 10
minutes to be sure that the treated gasoline has replaced the
untreated gasoline in the carburetor.
3. Stop the engine and turn the fuel valve to the OFF position
(page 22).
49
STORAGE
Draining the Carburetor and Fuel Tank
1. Make sure the fuel valve is OFF (page 22).
2. Remove the carburetor drain bolt with a 10 mm wrench, and drain
the fuel from the carburetor bowl into an approved container.
 WARNING
Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive.
You can be burned or seriously injured
when handling fuel.
•
•
•
Stop engine and keep heat, sparks, and
flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
If you only need to drain the carburetor, skip to step 4.
3. To drain the fuel tank, turn the
fuel valve ON (page 8). This will
allow fuel in the fuel tank to
drain out through the carburetor
bowl.
4. After the fuel is completely
drained, reinstall the drain bolt.
DRAIN BOLT
Engine Oil
Change the engine oil (page 36).
50
STORAGE
Engine Cylinder
Remove the spark plug
(page 38). Pour a tablespoon
(5 ~ 10 cc) of clean engine oil
into the cylinder. Pull the starter
rope several times to distribute
the oil in the cylinder. Reinstall
the spark plug.
OIL
SPARK
PLUG
HOLE
Pull the starter rope slowly until
resistance is felt then return the
starter grip gently. This will
close the valves so moisture
can not enter the engine
cylinder.
51
STORAGE
PLACING IN STORAGE
If your mower will be stored with gasoline in the fuel tank and
carburetor, it is important to reduce the hazard of gasoline vapor
ignition. Select a well-ventilated storage area away from any appliance
that operates with a flame, such as a furnace, water heater, or clothes
dryer. Also avoid any area with a spark-producing electric motor, or
where power tools are operated.
If possible, avoid storage areas with high humidity, because that
promotes rust and corrosion.
Unless all fuel has been drained from the fuel tank, leave the throttle
lever in the STOP position and the fuel valve in the OFF position to
reduce the possibility of fuel leakage.
Place the mower with its wheels on a level surface. Tilting can cause
fuel or oil leakage.
With the engine and exhaust system cool, cover the mower to keep out
dust. A hot engine and exhaust system can ignite or melt some
materials. Do not use sheet plastic as a dust cover. A nonporous cover
will trap moisture around the mower, promoting rust and corrosion.
REMOVING FROM STORAGE
Check your mower as described in BEFORE OPERATION (page 13).
If the fuel was drained during storage preparation, fill the tank with
fresh gasoline. If you keep a container of gasoline for refueling, be sure
that it contains only fresh gasoline. Gasoline oxidizes and deteriorates
over time, causing hard starting.
If the cylinder was coated with oil during storage preparation, the
engine will smoke briefly at startup. This is normal.
52
TRANSPORTING
BEFORE LOADING
If the engine has been running, allow it to cool for at least 15 minutes
before loading the mower on the transport vehicle. A hot engine and
exhaust system can burn you and can ignite some materials.
1. If installed, remove the grass bag.
2. Put the throttle in the STOP
position.
3. Turn the fuel valve to the OFF
position. This will prevent carburetor
flooding and reduce the possibility of
fuel leakage.
STOP
FUEL
VALVE
OFF
LOADING AND UNLOADING
If a suitable loading ramp is not available, two people should lift the
mower on and off the transport vehicle while holding the mower level.
Position the mower so all four wheels are on the bed of the transport
vehicle. Tie the mower down with rope or straps, and block the wheels.
Keep the tie-down rope or straps away from the controls, adjustment
levers, cables, and the carburetor.
53
TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS
ENGINE WILL NOT START
Possible Cause
Correction
Fuel valve OFF.
Turn the fuel valve ON. (page 10)
Throttle lever in the wrong position.
Move the throttle lever to the CHOKE position,
unless the engine is warm. (page 17)
Out of fuel.
Refuel. (page 45)
Bad fuel; mower stored without treating or
draining gasoline, or refueled with bad
gasoline.
Drain the fuel tank and carburetor. (page 50)
Refuel with fresh gasoline. (page 45)
Spark plug faulty, fouled, or improperly
gapped.
Gap or replace the spark plug. (page 38)
Spark plug wet with fuel (flooded engine).
Dry and reinstall the spark plug. Start the
engine with the throttle in the FAST position.
Fuel filter clogged, carburetor malfunction,
ignition malfunction, valves stuck, etc.
Take the mower to an authorized Honda
service dealer for repair.
LOSS OF POWER
Possible Cause
Correction
Throttle not set to FAST.
Move the throttle to the FAST position.
(page 19)
Grass too tall or wet.
Raise the cutting height (page 12), cut a
narrower swath (page 25), use a slower
ground speed (page 21), cut more frequently
when the grass is dry.
Mower deck is clogged.
Clean out the mower deck. (page 26)
Air filter clogged.
Clean or replace the air filter. (page 37)
Bad fuel; mower stored without treating or
draining gasoline, or refueled with bad
gasoline.
Drain the fuel tank and carburetor. (page 50)
Refuel with fresh gasoline. (page 45)
Fuel filter clogged, carburetor malfunction,
ignition malfunction, valves stuck, etc.
Take the mower to an authorized Honda
service dealer for repair.
54
TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS
VIBRATION PROBLEMS
Possible Cause
Correction
Grass and debris lodged under mower deck.
Clean out the mower deck. (page 26)
Blades loose, bent, misaligned, damaged, or
unbalanced by improper sharpening.
Tighten loose blades bolts. (page 33)
Replace damaged blades. (page 32)
Mechanical damage, such as a bent
crankshaft.
Take the mower to an authorized Honda
service dealer for repair.
MOWING AND BAGGING PROBLEMS
Possible Cause
Correction
Engine speed is too slow to cut well.
Move the throttle lever to the FAST position.
(page 19)
Mower is moving too fast for lawn conditions.
Shift to slow speed. (page 21)
Adjustment levers set at different positions.
Set all the levers at the same cutting height
position. (page 16)
Grass bag overfilled or clogged.
Empty the grass bag. Wash the grass bag if it is
clogged with dirt. (page 34)
Mower deck clogged.
Clean out the mower deck. (page 26)
Blades dull, worn, or damaged.
Sharpen or replace the blades if necessary.
(page 32)
Wrong blades installed.
Install correct blades. (page 32)
55
SET-UP
Tools Required
12 mm wrench
Loose Parts
Use the following included loose parts to set up the lawn mower.
Part
Quantity
Handle support plate
2
Handle support hanger
2
Flange bolt (8 x 40 mm)
4
Self-locking nut (8 mm)
6
Handlebar Setup
1. Slip a handle support
hanger over each end
of the handle. Make
sure the ribs are
facing out, as shown.
56
RIBS OUT
SET-UP
2. Insert the 8 x 40 mm
lower handle bolts
and finger tighten
them.
3. Insert the 8 x 40 mm
upper handle bolts
into one of the holes
at the desired handle
height. Install an
8 mm self-locking nut
on the inside of each
handle.
8 mm LOCK
NUT
4. Tighten both the
upper and lower
handle bolts.
Lock Nut Torque: 15 ft-lb (21 N•m)
5. Be sure the rear height
adjusters are in the
lowest position. Insert
the stud on one end of
the handle support
plate into the lower hole
in the housing.
STUD
6. Install an 8 mm
self-locking nut on the
stud on the inside of the
mower deck. Do not
fully tighten the nut at
this point.
HANDLE
SUPPORT
PLATE
57
SET-UP
7. From the grass bag
side of the handle,
insert the stud on
the end of the
handle support plate
through the handle
support hanger.
Make sure the stud
goes through both
holes in the handle
support hanger.
8. Install an 8 mm
self-locking nut on
the stud.
LEFT HANDLE
STUD
HANDLE
SUPPORT
PLATE
LEFT HANDLE
9. Tighten the locknut
on the stud at each
end of the handle
support plate.
10. Repeat Steps 5
through 9 to install
the handle support
on the other side of
the lawn mower.
Lock Nut Torque:
15 ft-lb (21 N•m)
11. Position cable ties at
the locations shown.
HANDLE
SUPPORT
HANGER
RIGHT HANDLE
HANDLE
SUPPORT
HANGER (2)
HANDLE SUPPORT
PLATE (2)
8 MM LOCK
NUT
8 MM LOCK
NUT
CABLE
TIES
10 in (250 mm)
3 in (75 mm)
12 in (300 mm)
58
SET-UP
Engine Oil
The mower is shipped
WITHOUT OIL in the engine.
A bottle of oil is included in the
box with your mower. Add the
entire contents of the oil bottle
into the oil filler opening.
All Honda engines are run at the
factory prior to packaging. Most
of the oil is removed prior to
shipment; however, some oil
remains in the engine. The
amount of oil left in the engine
varies.
FILLER CAP/DIPSTICK
(do not screw in the
dipstick when checking
oil level)
If not using the supplied oil, add
enough SAE 10W-30 API
service category SJ or later oil to
bring the oil level between the
upper and lower limit marks on
the dipstick as shown.
Do not overfill engine with oil.
If the engine is overfilled, the
excess oil may get transferred to
the air cleaner housing and air
filter.
UPPER LIMIT
LOWER LIMIT
After filling the engine with oil,
remove the hang tag near the recoil starter grip that says “The engine
has no oil. A container of oil is in the shipping box.”
Fuel
Refer to page 45.
59
SET-UP
Before Operation
Before using the lawn mower, all mower operator’s must read the
following chapters and sections:
•
LAWN MOWER SAFETY (page 4)
•
CONTROLS & FEATURES (page 8)
•
BEFORE OPERATION (page 13)
•
OPERATION (page 17)
•
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE (page 30)
60
TECHNICAL & CONSUMER
INFORMATION
TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Serial Number Locations
HRC2162HXA
XXXX –– XXXXXXX
XX
AMERICAN HONDA MOTOR CO., INC.
ALPHARETTA, GA 30005-8847
FRAME SERIAL
NUMBER
ENGINE SERIAL
NUMBER (ON
BACK OF ENGINE)
There are two serial numbers, one for the engine and one for the
mower frame. Record the engine and frame serial numbers and date
of purchase in the spaces below. You will need these serial numbers
when ordering parts and when making technical or warranty inquiries
(page 71).
Engine serial number:______________________________________
Frame serial number: ______________________________________
Date of purchase: _________________________________________
61
Technical & Consumer Information
Carburetor Modification for High Altitude Operation
At high altitude, the standard carburetor air-fuel mixture will be too rich.
Performance will decrease, and fuel consumption will increase. A very
rich mixture will also foul the spark plug and cause hard starting.
Operation at an altitude that differs from that at which this engine was
certified, for extended periods of time, may increase emissions.
High altitude performance can be improved by specific modifications to
the carburetor. If you always operate your lawn mower at altitudes
above 5,000 feet (1,500 meters), have your servicing dealer perform
this carburetor modification. This engine when operated at high
altitude with the carburetor modifications for high altitude use will meet
each emission standard throughout its useful life.
Even with carburetor modification, engine horsepower will decrease
about 3.5% for each 1,000-foot (300-meter) increase in altitude. The
effect of altitude on horsepower will be greater than this if no
carburetor modification is made.
When the carburetor has been modified for high altitude operation, the
air-fuel mixture will be too lean for low altitude use. Operation at
altitudes below 5,000 feet (1,500 meters) with a modified carburetor
may cause the engine to overheat and result in serious engine
damage. For use at low altitudes, have your servicing dealer return the
carburetor to original factory specifications.
62
Technical Consumer Information
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an
ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as
oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the
United States and Canada use oxygenated fuels to help reduce
emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the
minimum octane rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel's contents.
Some states/provinces require this information to be posted on the
pump.
The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL ––– (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 10% ethanol
by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol may be
marketed under the name “Gasohol”.
MTBE –––––– (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 15% MTBE by
volume.
METHANOL – (methyl or wood alcohol) 5% by volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 5% methanol
by volume, as long as it also contains cosolvents and
corrosion inhibitors to protect the fuel system.
Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or performance
problems. It may also damage metal, rubber, and
plastic parts of your fuel system.
Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use
of an oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of
oxygenates mentioned above are not covered under warranty.
63
Technical & Consumer Information
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Source of Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon monoxide, oxides of
nitrogen, and hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of
nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they
react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon
monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda uses lean carburetor settings and other systems to reduce the
emissions of carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and hydrocarbons.
The U.S., California Clean Air Act and Environment Canada
EPA, California and Canadian regulations require all manufacturers to
furnish written instruction describing the operation and maintenance of
emission control systems.
The following instructions and procedures must be followed in order to
keep the Honda engine emissions within the emission standards.
Tampering and Altering
Tampering with or altering the emission control system may increase
emissions beyond the legal limit. Some acts that constitute tampering:
•
Removal or alteration of any part of intake, fuel, or exhaust system.
•
Altering or defeating the governor linkage or speed-adjusting
mechanism to cause the engine to operate outside its design
parameters.
Problems That May Affect Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have your engine
inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda servicing dealer.
•
Hard starting or stalling after starting.
•
Rough idle.
•
Misfiring or backfiring under load.
•
Afterburning (backfiring).
•
Black exhaust smoke or high fuel consumption.
64
Technical Consumer Information
Replacement Parts
The emission control systems on your new Honda engine were
designed, built, and certified to conform with EPA, California and
Canadian emission regulations. We recommend the use of genuine
Honda parts whenever you have maintenance done. These
original-design replacement parts are manufactured to the same
standards as the original parts, so you can be confident of their
performance. The use of replacement parts that are not of the original
design and quality may impair the effectiveness of your emission
control system.
A manufacturer of an aftermarket part assumes the responsibility the
part will not adversely affect emission performance. The manufacturer
or rebuilder of the part must certify that use of the part will not result in
a failure of the engine to comply with emission regulations.
Maintenance
Follow the Maintenance Schedule on page 30. Remember that this
schedule is based on the assumption that your machine will be used
for its designed purpose. Sustained high-load operation will require
more frequent service.
65
Technical & Consumer Information
Air Index
An Air Index Information hang tag/label is applied to engines certified
to an emission durability time period in accordance with the
requirements of the California Air Resources Board.
The bar graph is intended to provide you, our customer, the ability to
compare the emissions performance of available engines. The lower
the Air Index, the less pollution.
The durability description is intended to provide you with information
relating the engine’s emission durability period. The descriptive term
indicates the useful life period for the engine’s emission control
system. See your Emission Control System Warranty (page 75) for
additional information.
Descriptive Term
Applicable to Emissions
Durability Period
Moderate
50 hours (0–65 cc)
125 hours (greater than 65 cc)
Intermediate
125 hours (0–65 cc)
250 hours (greater than 65 cc)
Extended
300 hours (0–65 cc)
500 hours (greater than 65 cc)
The Air Index Information hang tag/label must remain on the lawn
mower until it is sold. Remove the hang tag before operating the lawn
mower.
66
Technical Consumer Information
SPECIFICATIONS
Mower Model
HRC216HXA
Manual starting, self-propelled, hydrostatic transmission,
blade-brake clutch, 5.5 hp
Dimensions, Weights and Capacities
Overall Length
65.4 in (1660 mm)
Overall Width
23 in (585 mm)
Maximum Height
[Cutting height set at 1 in
(25 mm) and handle high]
39.8 in (1010 mm)
Dry Weight
122.4 lb (55.5 kg)
Wheelbase [Cutting height
adjusters set to 1 in
(25 mm)]
25.6 in (650 mm)
Cutting Width
21.3 in (541 mm)
Approximate Cutting Height
(8 adjustable positions)
3/4 in (19 mm)
1 in (25 mm)
1-1/2 in (39 mm)
2 in (51 mm)
Fuel Tank Capacity
0.53 US gal (2.0 l)
Engine Oil Capacity
0.69 US qt (0.65 l)
Transmission Fluid
Capacity
11.8 fl oz (0.35 l)
Grass Bag Capacity
23.2 US gal (2.5 bushels; 3.1 cu ft; 87.8 l)
2-1/2 in (63 mm)
3 in (76 mm)
3-1/2 in (89 mm)
4 in (101 mm)
67
Technical & Consumer Information
Engine Design and Performance
Engine Model
GXV160A
Engine Type
4-stroke, overhead-valve, single-cylinder,
forced air-cooled
Displacement
9.9 cu in (163 cc)
Bore and Stroke
2.7 x 1.8 in (68 x 45 mm)
Compression Ratio
8:1
Ignition System
Transistorized magneto
Maximum Horsepower*
5.5 bhp (4.0 kW) at 3,600 rpm
Maximum Torque
8.0 ft-lb (10.8 N•m) at 2,500 rpm
* Horsepower rating (shown as maximum power output at 3,600 rpm) is in accordance
with SAE J1995. Actual engine power will be lower. Engine power depends on
accessories, operating speeds, operating conditions, and other variables.
Transmission Design and Performance
68
Transmission
Type
Hydrostatic, fluid-drive, infinitely variable speeds
Mower Ground
Speed (engine at
3,100 rpm)
Fast: 3.7 ~ 4.2 mph (1.7 ~ 1.9 m/s)
Slow: 1.8 ~ 2.3 mph (0.8 ~ 1.0 m/s)
Technical Consumer Information
Maintenance
Fuel
Unleaded gasoline with a pump octane rating of
86 or higher.
page 46
Engine Oil
SAE 10W-30, API SJ or later
page 35
Transmission Oil
Honda hydrostatic fluid
Shop
manual
Spark Plug Type
Regular: NGK – BP5ES
DENSO – W16EP-U
CHAMPION – N12Y
Resistor: NGK – BPR5ES
DENSO – W16EPR-U
CHAMPION – RN12Y
page 38
Maximum
Governed Speed
3,100 ± 50 rpm
Shop
manual
Blade Control
Cable
Adjust for 3/4 ~ 1 in (20 ~ 25 mm) free play at
blade control lever.
page 41
Drive Clutch Cable
Adjust for transmission arm alignment.
page 42
Throttle Cable
Adjust for proper choke operation and maximum
governed speed.
page 44
Blade Bolt Torque
36 ~ 43 ft-lb (49 ~ 59 N•m, 5.0 ~ 6.0 kg-m)
page 33
Tune-up
Spark Plug Gap
0.028 ~ 0.031 in (0.7 ~ 0.8 mm)
page 39
Idle Speed
(blade control disengaged)
1,700 ± 150 rpm
Shop
manual
Valve Clearance (cold)
Intake:
Exhaust:
Shop
manual
Other Specifications
No other adjustments needed.
0.15 ± 0.02 mm
0.20 ± 0.02 mm
69
Technical & Consumer Information
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Replacement Parts, Optional Equipment, and Service Items
Contact an authorized Honda servicing dealer to purchase any of these (or other)
genuine original Honda items.
Replacement Parts
Item
Part Number
Notes
Spark plug
98079-56846
NGK (brand) BPR6ES
Air cleaner
17218-ZE7-W02
Outer foam element
Air cleaner
17211-ZE7-W03
Air cleaner element complete
Lower blade
72511-VK6-000
Upper blade
72531-VK6-000
A torque wrench is required to
install blades.
Grass bag
81320-VK6-000
Front wheel/tire
44700-VK6-000
Rear wheel/tire
42700-VK6-000
Tire front/rear
42751-VK6-000
Fabric bag only, no frame
Optional Equipment
Item
Part Number
Spark arrester kit
06180-ZE6-820
Notes
Service Items
Item
Part Number
SAE 10W-30 engine oil
08207-10W30
Silicone spray
08209-0001
Lubricates control cable cores
Fuel stabilizer
08732-0001
For long term storage
Matte black touch-up paint
(aerosol can)
08707-NH105
For handlebar only
Vintage gray metallic paint
(aerosol can)
08708-NH190M
For mower deck
70
Notes
Technical Consumer Information
Dealer Locator Information
To find an Authorized Honda Servicing Dealer anywhere in the United States:
Visit our website:
www.hondapowerequipment.com
Customer Service Information
Honda Power Equipment dealership personnel are trained professionals. They should
be able to answer any question you may have. If you encounter a problem that your
dealer does not solve to your satisfaction, please discuss it with the dealership's
management. The Service Manager or General Manager can help. Almost all
problems are solved in this way.
If you are dissatisfied with the decision made by the dealership's management, contact
the Honda Power Equipment Customer Relations Office. You can write:
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Power Equipment Division
Customer Relations Office
4900 Marconi Drive
Alpharetta, GA 30005-8847
Or telephone: (770) 497-6400 M-F, 8:30 a.m. - 7:00 p.m. ET
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
When you write or call, please give us this information:
Model and serial numbers page 61)
Name of the dealer who sold the lawn mower to you
Name and address of the dealer who services your lawn mower
Date of purchase
Your name, address, and telephone number
A detailed description of the problem
Honda Publications
These publications will give you additional information for maintaining and repairing
your lawn mower.
Shop Manual
This manual covers complete maintenance and overhaul procedures. It is intended to
be used by a skilled technician. Available through your Honda dealer or through
Helm Inc. at (888) 292-5395 or visit
www.hondapowerequipment.com
Parts Catalog
This manual provides complete, illustrated parts lists, and is available through your
Honda dealer.
71
Technical & Consumer Information
Distributor's Limited Warranty
This warranty is limited to the following Honda Power Equipment products when distributed by
American Honda Motor Co., Inc., Power Equipment Division, 4900 Marconi Drive, Alpharetta, Georgia 30005-8847.
PRODUCTS COVERED BY
THIS WARRANTY
LENGTH OF WARRANTY*
(from date of original retail purchase)
Noncommercial/
Commercial/Rental
Nonrental
Hand-Held Products
(limited lifetime warranty on the
HHT drive cable)
24 months
12 months/3 months
Masters, HRX, Harmony and
Harmony II
24 months
3 months
HRX and Harmony Xenoy®
Mower Decks
60 months
3 months
HRC Series 21-Inch Walk
Behind Mowers
24 months
24 months engine,
12 months other components
FG110 Mini-Tiller
24 months
3 months
HS520 Snowthrower
24 months
24 months engine,
12 months other components
GC160, GCV160, GX160
GC190, GCV190, and GX190
Engines
WMP20X Centrifugal Pump
24 months
24 months
24 months
3 months
* Length of Warranty: Batteries supplied with applicable products as standard, original equipment are covered by this
warranty for a period of 12 months (noncommercial use) or 3 months (commercial/rental use) from the date of
original retail product purchase.
To Qualify For This Warranty:
The product must be purchased in the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands from American Honda or a
dealer authorized by American Honda to sell those products. This warranty applies to first retail purchaser and each
subsequent owner during the applicable warranty time period.
What American Honda Will Repair Or Replace Under Warranty:
American Honda will repair or replace, at its option, any part that is proven to be defective in material or workmanship
under normal use during the applicable warranty time period. Warranty repairs and replacements will be made without
charge for parts or labor. Anything replaced under warranty becomes the property of American Honda Motor Company,
Inc. All parts replaced under warranty will be considered as part of the original product and any warranty on those parts
will expire coincident with the original product warranty.
72
Technical Consumer Information
To Obtain Warranty Service:
You must take the Honda Power Equipment product, accessory, replacement part, apparel or the power equipment on
which the accessory or replacement part is installed, and proof of purchase, at your expense, to any Honda Power
Equipment dealer in the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands who is authorized to sell that product,
during the dealer’s normal business hours. If you are unable to obtain warranty service, or are dissatisfied with the
warranty service you receive, take the following steps: First, contact the owner of the dealership involved; normally this
will resolve the problem. However, if you should require further assistance, write or call the Power Equipment
Customer Relations Department of American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Power Equipment Customer Relations Dept.
4900 Marconi Drive
Alpharetta, GA 30005-8847
Telephone: (770) 497-6400
Exclusions:
This warranty does not extend to parts affected or damaged by accident and/or collision, normal wear, fuel
contamination or deterioration, use in an application for which the product was not designed or any other misuse,
neglect, incorporation or use of unsuitable attachments or parts, unauthorized alteration, or any causes other than
defects in material or workmanship of the product.
The auger and paddle assemblies of snowthrowers, tiller tines of roto-tillers, mower blades and mower deck housings,
are specifically not warranted against impact damage, including but not limited to, abrasive damage.
Disclaimer of Consequential Damage and Limitation of Implied
Warranties:
American Honda disclaims any responsibility for loss of time or use of the product, transportation, commercial loss, or
any other incidental or consequential damage. Any implied warranties are limited to the duration of this written limited
warranty. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts and/or do not allow the exclusion
or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above exclusions and limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
73
Technical & Consumer Information
Accessories, Replacement Parts, and Apparel Warranty
This warranty is limited to Honda Power Equipment parts, accessories and apparel when distributed by American
Honda Motor Co., Inc., 4900 Marconi Drive, Alpharetta, Georgia 30005-8847
PRODUCTS COVERED BY THIS
WARRANTY
LENGTH OF WARRANTY
(from date of original retail purchase)
Noncommercial/Nonrental
Commercial/Rental
Accessories
12 months
3 months
Replacement Parts
6 months
3 months
Apparel
6 months
3 months
To Qualify for this Warranty:
1. The accessories, replacement parts, or apparel must be purchased from American Honda, or a dealer, distributor or
distributor’s dealer authorized by American Honda to sell those products in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the
U.S. Virgin Islands.
2. You must be the first retail purchaser. This warranty is not transferable to subsequent owners.
What American Honda will Repair or Replace Under Warranty:
American Honda will repair or replace, at its option, any power equipment accessories, replacement parts, or apparel
that are proven to be defective in material or workmanship under normal use during the applicable warranty time
period. Anything replaced under warranty becomes the property of American Honda Motor Company, Inc. All parts
replaced under warranty will be considered as part of the original product and any warranty on those parts will expire
coincident with the original product warranty.
Accessories and replacement parts, installed by a dealer who is authorized by American Honda to sell them, will be
repaired or replaced under warranty without charge for parts or labor. If installed by anyone else, accessories and
replacement parts will be repaired or replaced under warranty without charge for parts, but any labor charges will be
the responsibility of the purchaser. Apparel will be repaired or replaced under warranty without any charge.
To Obtain Warranty Service:
You must take the Honda Power Equipment accessory, replacement part, apparel or the power equipment on which
the accessory or replacement part is installed, and proof of purchase, at your expense, to any Honda Power
Equipment dealer in the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands who is authorized to service that product,
during the dealer's normal business hours. If you are unable to obtain warranty service, or are dissatisfied with the
warranty service you receive, take the following steps: First, contact the owner of the dealership involved; normally this
will resolve the problem. However, if you should require further assistance, write or call the Power Equipment
Customer Relations Department of American Honda Motor Co., Inc. Refer to page 71 for contact information.
Exclusions:
This warranty does not extend to accessories, parts, or apparel affected or damaged by accident and/or collision,
normal wear, use in an application for which the product was not designed, or any other misuse, neglect, incorporation
or use of unsuitable attachments or parts, unauthorized alteration, improper installation, or any causes other than
defects in material or workmanship of the product.
Mower blades and mower deck housings, are specifically not warranted against impact damage, including but not
limited to, abrasive damage.
Disclaimer of Consequential Damage and Limitation of Implied
Warranties:
American Honda disclaims any responsibility for loss of time or use of the product, or the power equipment on which
the product is installed, transportation, commercial loss, or any other incidental or consequential damage. Any implied
warranties are limited to the duration of this written warranty. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts and/or do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the
above exclusions and limitations may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also
have other rights which vary from state to state.
74
Technical Consumer Information
Emission Control System Warranty
Your new Honda Power Equipment engine complies with the U.S. EPA, Environment Canada and State of California
emission regulations. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. provides the emission warranty coverage for engines in the
United States, and its territories. Honda Canada Inc. provides the emission warranty for engines in the 13 provinces
and territories of Canada. In the remainder of this Emission Control System Warranty, American Honda Motor
Company Inc. and Honda Canada Inc. will be referred to as Honda.
Your Warranty Rights And Obligations:
California
The California Air Resources Board and Honda are pleased to explain the emission control system warranty on your
Honda Power Equipment engine. In California, new utility and lawn and garden equipment engines must be designed,
built and equipped to meet the State's stringent anti-smog standards.
Other States, U.S. territories and Canada
In other areas of the United States and in Canada, your engine must be designed, built, and equipped to meet the U.S.
EPA and Environment Canada emission standards for spark-ignited engines at or below 19 kilowatts.
All of the United States and Canada
Honda must warrant the emission control system on your power equipment engine for the period of time listed below
provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance of your power equipment engine. Where a
warrantable condition exists, Honda will repair your power equipment engine at no cost to you including diagnosis,
parts and labor.
Your emission control system may include such parts as the carburetor or fuel injection system, the ignition system,
and catalytic converter. Also included may be hoses, connectors and other emission-related assemblies.
Manufacturer's Warranty Coverage:
The 1995 and later power equipment engines are warranted for two years. If any emission-related part on your engine
is defective, the part will be repaired or replaced by Honda.
Owner's Warranty Responsibility:
As the power equipment engine owner, you are responsible for the performance of the required maintenance listed in
your owner's manual. Honda recommends that you retain all receipts covering maintenance on your power equipment
engine, but Honda cannot deny warranty coverage solely for the lack of receipts or for your failure to ensure the
performance of all scheduled maintenance.
As the power equipment engine owner, you should however be aware that Honda may deny you warranty coverage if
your power equipment engine or a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance, or unapproved
modifications.
You are responsible for presenting your power equipment engine to a Honda Power Equipment dealer as soon as a
problem exists. The warranty repairs should be completed in a reasonable amount of time, not to exceed 30 days.
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you should write or call the Honda office
in your region.
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Power Equipment Customer Relations
4900 Marconi Drive
Alpharetta, Georgia 30005-8847
Telephone: (770) 497-6400
or
Honda Canada Inc.
Power Equipment Customer Relations
715 Milner Avenue
Toronto, ON M1B 2K8
Telephone: (888) 946-6329
75
Technical & Consumer Information
Warranty Coverage:
Honda power equipment engines manufactured after January 1, 1995 and sold in the State of California, and U.S. EPA
certified engines manufactured on or after September 1, 1996 and sold in all of the United States, and Canadian
certified engines manufactured on or after January 1, 2005 are covered by this warranty for a period of two years from
the date of delivery to the original retail purchaser. This warranty is transferable to each subsequent purchaser for the
duration of the warranty period.
Warranty repairs will be made without charge for diagnosis, parts or labor. All defective parts replaced under this
warranty become the property of Honda. Warranted parts are listed under Emission Control System Warranty Parts on
page 77. Normal maintenance items, such as spark plugs and filters, that are on the warranted parts list are warranted
up to their required replacement interval only.
Honda is also liable for damages to other engine components caused by a failure of any warranted part during the
warranty period.
Only Honda approved replacement parts may be used in the performance of any warranty repairs and must be
provided without charge to the owner. The use of replacement parts not equivalent to the original parts may impair the
effectiveness of your engine emission control system. If such a replacement part is used in the repair or maintenance
of your engine, and an authorized Honda dealer determines it is defective or causes a failure of a warranted part, your
claim for repair of your engine may be denied. If the part in question is not related to the reason your engine requires
repair, your claim will not be denied.
To Obtain Warranty Service:
You must take your Honda Power Equipment engine or the product on which it is installed, along with your warranty
registration card or other proof of original purchase date, at your expense, to any Honda Power Equipment dealer who
is authorized by Honda to sell and service that Honda product during his normal business hours. Claims for repair or
adjustment found to be caused solely by defects in material or workmanship will not be denied because the engine was
not properly maintained and used.
If you are unable to obtain warranty service, or are dissatisfied with the warranty service you received, contact the
owner of the dealership involved. Normally this should resolve your problem. However, if you require further
assistance, write or call the Power Equipment Customer Relations Department of American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
Refer to page 71 for contact information.
Exclusions:
Failures other than those resulting from defects in material or workmanship are not covered by this warranty. This
warranty does not extend to emission control systems or parts which are affected or damaged by owner abuse,
neglect, improper maintenance, misuse, misfueling, improper storage, accident and/or collision, the incorporation of, or
any use of, any add-on or modified parts, unsuitable attachments, or the unauthorized alteration of any part.
This warranty does not cover replacement of expendable maintenance items made in connection with required
maintenance services after the item's first scheduled replacement as listed in the maintenance section of the product
owner's manual, such as: spark plugs and filters.
Disclaimer of Consequential Damage and Limitation of Implied
Warranties:
American Honda Motor Co., Inc. and Honda Canada Inc. disclaim any responsibility for incidental or consequential
damages such as loss of time or the use of the power equipment, or any commercial loss due to the failure of the
equipment; and any implied warranties are limited to the duration of this written warranty. This warranty is applicable
only where the California, U.S. EPA or Environment Canada Emission Control System Warranty regulation is in effect.
76
Technical Consumer Information
Emission Control System Warranty Parts:
SYSTEMS COVERED
BY THIS WARRANTY:
PARTS
DESCRIPTION:
Fuel Metering
Carburetor assembly, (includes starting enrichment system), Engine
temperature sensor, Engine control module, Fuel regulator, Intake
manifold
Evaporative
Fuel hoses
Exhaust
Catalyst, Exhaust manifold
Air Induction
Air filter housing, Air filter element*, Crankcase breather tube
Ignition
Flywheel magneto, Ignition pulse generator, Crankshaft position
sensor, Power coil, Ignition coil assembly, Ignition control module,
Spark plug cap, Spark plug*
Miscellaneous Parts
Tubing, fittings, seals, gaskets, and clamps associated with these
listed systems.
* Covered up to the first required replacement only. See the Maintenance Schedule on page 30.
77
INDEX
A
E
Accessories warranty . . . . . 74
Air Cleaner Service . . . . . . . 37
Air Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Altitude, High Altitude Operation 62
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Emission Control System . . .64
Emissions
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Engine problems . . . . . . . . . .54
Engine starting . . . . . . . . . . .17
Ethanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
B
Bag, grass
Cleaning/Replacing . . . .
Removal/Installation . . .
Before Operation . . . . . . . . .
Blade
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . .
Part Numbers . . . . . . . .
Blade Control Lever
Cable Adjustment . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . .
F
34
15
13
31
33
70
41
11
C
Cable Adjustments
Blade Control Lever . . . 41
Drive Clutch Lever . . . . 42
Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Carburetor
Draining . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
High Altitude Notes . . . . 62
Choke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Cleaning, Before Storage . . 47
Clogged Mower Deck . . . . . 26
Controls & Features . . . . . . . 8
Cutting Height
Adjustment Levers . . . . 12
Recommendations . . . . 25
Cutting Width . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
D
Dealer locator information . .
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distributor’s warranty . . . . . .
Drive Clutch Lever . . . . . . . .
78
71
67
72
20
Filter, air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Fuel
Additive . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Oxygenated Fuels . . . . .63
Recommendations . . . . .46
Tank Draining . . . . . . . . .50
Fuel Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
G
Grass Bag
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Part Numbers . . . . . . . . .70
Removal and Installation 15
Replacement . . . . . . . . .34
H
Handle support . . . . . . . . . . .56
Handlebar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
L
Leaves, Bagging . . . . . . . . . .26
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Loose parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
M
Maintenance Schedule . . . . .30
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Mower Deck Clogging . . . . .26
Mowing Patterns . . . . . . . . . .27
Mowing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
MTBE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Mulching Plug . . . . . . . . . . . .16
INDEX
N
NOTICE symbol . . . . . . . . . . 1
O
Oil
Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Level Check . . . . . . . . .
Part Number . . . . . . . . .
Recommended . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
67
36
35
70
35
17
P
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . 69
Tune-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Speed, Ground Speeds . . . . 68
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . 17
Stopping the Engine . . . . . . . 22
Storage
Placing in Storage . . . . . 52
Preparation . . . . . . . . . . 47
Removing from Storage . 52
T
Required tools . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Throttle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Cable Inspection . . . . . . 44
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Throttle Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Tools required . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Troubleshooting
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Mowing and Bagging . . . 55
Vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Tune-up Specifications . . . . . 69
S
U
Safety
A few words . . . . . . . . . . 2
Information . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Label Locations . . . . . . . 6
Message Definitions . . . . 2
Safe Mowing Practices . 23
Set-Up Instructions . . . . . . . 56
Shift Lever
Description . . . . . . . . . . 12
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Shop manual ordering . . . . . 70
Slopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Spark Arrester . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Spark Plug
Part Number . . . . . . . . . 70
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Specifications
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . 67
Unloading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Paint, Part Number . . . . . . .
Parts
Catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacement list . . . . . .
Parts, loose . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
70
70
56
70
R
V
Valve Clearance . . . . . . . . . . 69
W
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Warranty
Accessories & parts . . . . 74
Distributor’s . . . . . . . . . . 72
Emissions . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Washing
Grass Bag . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Mower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Web address . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
79
INDEX
80
QUICK REFERENCE INFORMATION
Fuel
Type
Unleaded gasoline with a pump octane
rating of 86 or higher (page 46)
Engine oil
Type
SAE 10W-30, API SJ or later (page 35)
Spark plug
Regular:
NGK BP5ES
DENSO W16EP-U
CHAMPION N12Y
Resistor:
NGK BPR5ES
DENSO W16EPR-U
CHAMPION RN12Y
Type
Before each use
Maintenance First 20 hours
Subsequent
Check engine oil (page 35)
Check air cleaner (page 37)
Change engine oil (page 36)
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule
(page 30)
Owner’s Manual
ROTARY MOWER
HRC216HXA
The Power of Dreams
EM4
K2
POM53745-A
31VK6710
00X31-VK6-7100
Printed on
Recycled Paper
IPC 3240.2006.08
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
See page 56 for instructions on
setting up your Lawn Mower.
© 2004–2005 American Honda Motor Co., Inc.—All Rights Reserved
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement