Adaptec AHA-2940 - SCSI Card Installation guide

Adaptec AHA-2940 - SCSI Card Installation guide
Installation Guide
AHA-2940Ultra/
2940Ultra Wide
PCI-to-UltraSCSI Host Adapter
with SCSISelect
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1 Introduction
The Adaptec AHA®-2940Ultra and AHA-2940Ultra
Wide PCI-to-Fast SCSI host adapters provide a powerful multitasking interface between your computer’s PCI bus and SCSI devices (disk drives,
CD-ROM drives, scanners, tape backups, removable
media drives, etc.). Collectively, both host adapters
are referred to as the AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra
Wide. The following figures show the major components on the AHA-2940Ultra and AHA-2940Ultra
Wide.
50-pin 8-bit Internal
SCSI Connector
Host Adapter
BIOS
LED Connector
Host
Adapter
LED
50-pin 8-bit
External
SCSI
Connector
AIC-78xx SCSI Protocol Chip
Adaptec AHA-2940Ultra
68-pin 16-bit
Internal SCSI
Connector
50-pin 8-bit Internal
SCSI Connector
LED Connector
Host
Adapter
LED
68-pin 16-bit
External
SCSI
Connector
Host Adapter
BIOS
AIC-78xx SCSI Protocol Chip
Adaptec AHA-2940Ultra Wide
1
2 Installing the Host Adapter
Follow these instructions to install the host adapter:
1 Turn OFF power to the computer and peripheral
devices and disconnect the power cords.
2 Remove the cover from the computer case.
3 Locate an unused 32-bit PCI expansion slot (the
slot must support Bus Master data transfers);
unscrew and remove the metal bracket that covers
the card-slot opening. (Save the screw to use when
securing the host adapter in your computer.)
PCI slots are shorter than ISA or EISA slots and
are typically white. Usually there are three PCI
slots. (One of these may be a shared slot into
which you can insert either an ISA/EISA board or
a PCI board.)
4 Insert the host adapter in the PCI expansion slot.
Press it down firmly so that the contacts are
securely seated in the slot.
5 When the host adapter is firmly seated in the
expansion slot, secure the metal bracket of the host
adapter with the screw you removed in step 3.
Do not replace the computer cover or reconnect your
computer and peripherals to their power sources yet!
3 SCSI Configuration Guidelines
Before installing your SCSI devices, you should
understand the basic SCSI concepts described in this
section. The information will help you set up your
host adapter and devices so they function properly.
SCSI ID Numbers
Each device attached to the host adapter, as well as
the host adapter itself, must have a unique SCSI ID
number (0 to 7 for the AHA-2940Ultra, and 0 to 15 for
the AHA-2940Ultra Wide).
We recommend that you leave the host adapter set
to its default setting of SCSI ID 7. If you need to
change the host adapter SCSI ID, see Configuring the
Host Adapter on page 7. To change the SCSI ID on
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your hard disk and other SCSI devices, refer to the
device’s documentation.
The host adapter supports the SCSI Configured
AutoMatically (SCAM) protocol, which assigns
SCSI IDs dynamically and resolves SCSI ID conflicts
automatically at bootup. If your system includes
SCSI disk drives or other devices that support
SCAM, you do not need to manually assign SCSI IDs
to these devices. To enable SCAM support, see Configuring the Host Adapter on page 7.
Most SCSI devices currently in use, however, do not
support SCAM. The SCSI IDs on these devices must
be set manually. To change the SCSI IDs on these
devices, refer to the device’s documentation.
Note: If you plan to boot your computer
from a SCSI device attached to the host
adapter, set the Boot Target ID setting in the
SCSISelect utility to correspond to the SCSI
ID of the device you are booting from (see
Configuring the Host Adapter on page 7).
SCSI Terminators
To ensure reliable communication, the SCSI bus
must be properly terminated. Termination is controlled by a set of electrical resistors, called terminators. Terminators must be placed (or enabled) at the
two extreme ends of the SCSI bus. All devices that lie
between the ends must have their terminators
removed (or disabled).
Terminating the AHA-2940Ultra
Termination on the AHA-2940Ultra itself is controlled by software commands via the SCSISelect utility. The default setting is Automatic, which works like
this:
■
If the AHA-2940Ultra detects that a cable is connected to either its internal or external SCSI connector, then it enables its terminators (the
AHA-2940Ultra is at the end of the SCSI bus).
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■
If the AHA-2940Ultra detects that a cable is connected to both its internal and external SCSI connector, then it disables its terminators (the
AHA-2940Ultra lies between the ends of the SCSI
bus).
We recommend that you leave the AHA-2940Ultra
set to its default setting of Automatic. If you want to
manually enable or disable the AHA-2940Ultra termination setting, see Configuring the Host Adapter on
page 7.
Terminating the AHA-2940Ultra Wide
Termination on the AHA-2940Ultra Wide itself is
controlled by software commands via the SCSISelect
utility. The default setting is set to Automatic.
We recommend that you leave the AHA-2940Ultra
Wide set to its default setting of Automatic. If you
want to manually set the AHA-2940Ultra Wide termination setting, see Configuring the Host Adapter on
page 7. The following table lists the termination settings for manual configuration.
AHA-2940Ultra
Wide Termination
Devices Connected to AHA-2940Ultra Wide
Low
High
68-pin internal connector only
ON
ON
68-pin external connector only
ON
ON
68-pin internal and 68-pin external connectors
OFF
OFF
50-pin internal connector only
ON
ON
50-pin and 68-pin internal connectors
OFF
ON
50-pin internal and 68-pin external connectors
OFF
ON
Terminating SCSI Devices
Read the device’s documentation to determine how
to enable or disable termination on your particular
SCSI device(s). On most internal SCSI devices the termination setting is controlled by a jumper or a
switch. On other internal SCSI devices you must
physically remove or install resistor module(s). On
most external SCSI devices, a terminating plug (a
resistor pack embedded in a small plug) is installed
or removed to control termination.
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4 Installing SCSI Devices
You can connect up to a total of seven internal and
external 8-bit SCSI devices to the AHA-2940Ultra, and
up to 15 devices (seven 8-bit internal and eight Wide
(16-bit) internal or external SCSI devices, or 15 Wide
internal and external SCSI devices) to the
AHA-2940Ultra Wide.
Choosing SCSI Cables
The cables required to connect SCSI devices are
determined by the type of devices you are installing,
as described in the following table.
SCSI Device Type
AHA-2940Ultra
AHA-2940Ultra
Wide
8-bit Internal SCSI
50-pin internal
SCSI cable
50-pin internal
SCSI cable
8-bit External SCSI
50-pin high-density
external SCSI cable
—
16-bit Internal
Wide SCSI
—
68-pin internal
SCSI cable
16-bit External
Wide SCSI
—
68-pin external
SCSI cable
If you purchased your AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra
Wide in an Adaptec kit, the kit includes an internal
SCSI cable that allows you to connect up to two
internal SCSI devices (the AHA-2940Ultra kit
includes a 50-pin internal SCSI cable, and the
AHA-2940Ultra Wide kit includes both a 50-pin and
a 68-pin internal SCSI cable). If you are connecting
more than two internal SCSI devices, you must
obtain an internal SCSI cable with enough connectors to accommodate all of your devices.
Adaptec sells high-quality internal and external SCSI
cables. If your reseller does not stock these cables,
call Adaptec directly at the number for ordering
Adaptec software and cables listed on page 12.
When Fast SCSI devices are connected to the host
adapter, the total length of all cables (internal and
external) must not exceed 3 meters (9.8 ft.) to ensure
reliable operation. If no Fast SCSI devices are connected, the total length of all cables must not exceed
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6 meters (19.7 ft). See your device’s documentation
to determine if it is a Fast SCSI device.
Connecting Internal SCSI Devices
If you are connecting internal SCSI devices, make
sure you have an internal SCSI cable with enough
connectors to accommodate all of your devices.
1 Prepare each SCSI device for installation; configure the device SCSI ID and terminators (terminate
the last internal device attached to the cable). For
instructions, see the device’s documentation as
well as SCSI Configuration Guidelines on page 2.
2 Install the SCSI device in your computer. Refer to
your computer and device documentation for
instructions.
3 Plug the connector at one end of the internal SCSI
cable into the host adapter’s internal SCSI
connector.
Make sure the colored stripe on one side of the
cable is aligned with pin-1 of the host adapter’s
connector. Pin-1 of the connector is usually designated by a small triangle (▲), or a “1” on the
connector.
4 Plug the remaining connectors on the cable into
the connectors on the backs of the devices.
Make sure the colored stripe on the cable is
aligned with pin-1 of the device’s connector.
5 Connect a DC power cable (from your computer’s
power supply) to the power connector on the
SCSI device.
Connecting External SCSI Devices
If you are connecting external SCSI devices to your
host adapter, you must obtain an external SCSI cable
for each external device you install.
1 Prepare each SCSI device for installation; configure the SCSI ID and attach a terminating plug
into the last external device. For instructions, see
the device’s documentation as well as SCSI Configuration Guidelines on page 2.
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2 Plug the connector at one end of the external SCSI
cable into the host adapter’s external SCSI
connector.
3 Plug the connector at the other end of the cable to
either one of the SCSI connectors on the external
SCSI device.
4 To connect other external SCSI devices, daisychain each device to the previous device until all
external SCSI devices have been connected.
5 Using the LED Connector
(Optional) Most computers have an LED disk activity
light on the front panel. If you disconnect the cable
from the LED connector on the motherboard and
connect it to the LED connector on the host adapter,
the LED on the front panel of the computer will light
whenever there is activity on the SCSI bus.
6 Reassembling the Computer
Be sure all power switches are OFF, then replace the
computer chassis cover and reconnect the power
cables to your computer and peripherals. Before
turning on your computer and peripherals, review
the following section, Configuring the Host Adapter. It
may be necessary to configure the host adapter.
7 Configuring the Host Adapter
The AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra Wide includes the
onboard, menu-driven SCSISelect configuration utility, which allows you to change host adapter settings
without opening the computer or handling the
board. SCSISelect also contains SCSI disk utilities
that let you low-level format or verify the disk media
of your SCSI hard disk drives.
SCSISelect Default Settings
The AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra Wide has the default
settings shown in the table on the following page.
The default settings are appropriate for most PCI
systems. If you do not need to change any of the
default settings, there is no need to run SCSISelect.
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Your host adapter is ready for operation and you can
proceed to Installing Device Drivers on page 10.
For situations where you might want or need to
change the settings, see the descriptions of each setting in the user’s guide. If you need to change any of
the default settings, or if you would like to format or
verify a disk, see Starting the SCSISelect Utility on
page 9 to start the utility.
Basic Host Adapter Settings
Default
Host Adapter SCSI ID
7
SCSI Parity Checking
Enabled
Host Adapter SCSI Termination
Automatic
Boot Device Settings
Default
Boot Target ID
0
Boot LUN Number1
0
SCSI Device Settings
Default
Initiate Sync Negotiation
Yes (Enabled)
Maximum Sync Transfer Rate
10 MBytes/sec2
20 MBytes/sec3
Enable Disconnection
Yes (Enabled)
3
Initiate Wide Negotiation
Yes (Enabled)
Send Start Unit SCSI Command4
No (Disabled)
Advanced Host Adapter Settings
Default
Plug and Play SCAM Support
Disabled
Host Adapter BIOS
Enabled
Support Removable Disks Under BIOS as Fixed Disks4 Boot only
Extended BIOS Translation for DOS Drives > 1 GByte4 Enabled
Display <Ctrl-A> Message During BIOS Initialization4
4
Enabled
Disabled
Multiple LUN Support
BIOS Support for More Than 2 Drives4
BIOS Support for Bootable CD-ROM
4
Enabled
Enabled
BIOS Support for Int 13 Extensions4
Enabled
Support for Ultra SCSI Speed
Disabled
1 Setting is valid only if Multiple LUN Support is enabled
2 For AHA-2940Ultra only
3 For AHA-2940Ultra Wide only
4 Settings are valid only if host adapter BIOS is enabled
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Starting the SCSISelect Utility
You can start the SCSISelect utility by pressing Ctrl-A
when the following prompt appears at boot time:
Press <Ctrl><A> for SCSISelect (TM) Utility!
The first menu that appears displays the options
Configure/View Host Adapter Settings and SCSI
Disk Utilities.
Using SCSISelect Menus
SCSISelect uses menus to list options you can select.
To select an option, use the ↑ and ↓ keys to move the
cursor to the option, then press Enter.
In some cases, selecting an option displays another
menu. You can return to the previous menu at any
time by pressing Esc. To restore the original
SCSISelect default values, press F6. To toggle the display between color and monochrome modes, press F5
(this feature may not work on some kinds of monitors).
Exiting SCSISelect
To exit SCSISelect, press Esc until a message prompts
you to exit (if you changed any AHA-2940Ultra/
2940Ultra Wide settings, you are prompted to save
the changes before you exit). At the prompt, select
Yes to exit, then press any key to reboot the computer. Any changes you made in SCSISelect take
effect after the computer boots.
Using the SCSI Disk Utilities
To access the SCSI disk utilities, select the SCSI Disk
Utilities option from the menu that appears after starting SCSISelect. Once the option is selected, SCSISelect
immediately scans the SCSI bus and displays a list of
all SCSI IDs and the devices assigned to each ID.
When you select a specific ID and device, a small
menu appears, displaying the options Format Disk
and Verify Disk Media.
■
Format Disk—This utility allows you to perform
a low-level format on a hard disk drive. Most
SCSI disk devices are preformatted at the factory
and do not need to be formatted again. The
9
Adaptec Format Disk utility is compatible with
the vast majority of SCSI disk drives.
■
Verify Disk Media—This utility allows you to
scan the media of a hard disk drive for defects. If
the utility finds bad blocks on the media, it
prompts you to reassign them; if you select yes,
those blocks are no longer used. You can press
Esc at any time to abort the utility.
8 Installing Device Drivers
Some operating systems embed (include) the
AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra Wide device driver as part
of their installation software. These drivers work fine
with your AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra Wide; however,
the most recent version of the driver should be
installed in order for your AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra
Wide to perform at its optimum level.
If you purchased your AHA-2940Ultra/2940Ultra
Wide in a kit, the kit includes the latest Adaptec
EZ-SCSI and Adaptec 7800 Family Manager Set
software.
■
Adaptec EZ-SCSI—allows you to install software
drivers for DOS/Windows 3.x and several additional utilities. Refer to the EZ-SCSI User’s Guide.
■
Adaptec 7800 Family Manager Set—allows you
to install software drivers for NetWare, OS/2,
Windows 95, Windows NT, and UNIX. Refer to
the 7800 Family Manager Set User’s Guide.
If you need to order EZ-SCSI or the 7800 Family
Manager Set, call the number for ordering Adaptec
software and cables listed on page 12.
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9 Troubleshooting Checklist
If you have a problem during installation, check
these items first:
■
Have you installed the host adapter into a PCI
Rev 2.0 compliant computer?
■
Are all SCSI devices powered?
■
Are all SCSI bus cables and power cables properly connected? Is pin 1 oriented correctly?
■
Does the host adapter and all devices on the SCSI
bus have unique SCSI IDs?
■
Are all devices on the SCSI bus terminated
properly?
■
Does your system CMOS setup require you to
enable PCI bus parameters? If so, see your
computer’s documentation. Check that IRQ
channel assignment, board, and BIOS settings
have been made.
■
Did you install your host adapter in a bus master
PCI slot? Refer to your computer’s documentation or try another slot.
Computer Will Not Boot from a SCSI Disk Drive
If both SCSI and non-SCSI disk drives are installed,
then the non-SCSI disk drive is always the boot
device. If the system has only SCSI disk drives, do
the following:
1 Make sure the drive type in your computer’s
CMOS setup is set to No Drives Installed.
2 Make sure the boot hard disk SCSI ID corresponds to the Boot Target ID setting in SCSISelect
(see page 7). The SCSI ID is normally set with
jumpers or switches on the drive.
3 If this does not solve the problem, back up all data
on the SCSI hard disk and perform a low-level
format with the SCSISelect Format Disk option.
See the MS-DOS documentation for instructions
on partitioning the disk after formatting.
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10 Adaptec Customer Support
If you have questions about installing or using your Adaptec
product, check this guide first—you will find answers to most of
your questions here. If you need further assistance, please contact
us. We offer the following support and information services:
■
For technical support (answers to technical questions, information about the Adaptec BBS, FTP and WWW Servers, and access
to the Interactive Fax system), call 800-959-SCSI (7274) or
408-945-2550, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. To speak with a
product support representative, call 408-934-SCSI (7274),
M–F: 6:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Pacific Time; after these hours, on
weekends, and on holidays, product support is also available
for a fee at 800-416-8066.
■
The Adaptec Electronic Bulletin Board Service (BBS) provides
information on software upgrades, answers to common questions, and other topics. The BBS is available 24 hours a day,
7 days a week, at 408-945-7727; 1200/2400/9600/14,400/28,800
baud, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity.
■
The Adaptec FTP and WWW Servers provide information on
software upgrades, product literature, answers to common
questions, and other topics. The FTP and WWW Servers are
available from the Internet 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, at
ftp.adaptec.com and http://www.adaptec.com.
■
The Adaptec Interactive Fax system provides answers to common questions, product literature, and current information
about Adaptec products and services. The Adaptec Interactive
Fax system is available 23 hours a day, 7 days a week. The Fax
system is out of service 1 hour each day. You can call this service directly at 408-957-7150.
■
To order Adaptec software and SCSI cables, call 800-442-SCSI
(7274) or 408-957-SCSI (7274), M–F: 6:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.,
Pacific Time.
■
To request additional documentation for Adaptec products,
call 800-934-2766 or 510-732-3829, M–F: 6:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.,
Pacific Time.
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FCC Compliance Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in
residential installations. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause interference to radio or television equipment
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on,
the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of
the following measures:
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
Move the equipment away from the receiver
Plug the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is powered
• If necessary, the user should consult the dealer or an experienced radio/
television technician for additional suggestions
CAUTION: Only equipment certified to comply with Class B (computer
input/output devices, terminals, printers, etc.) should be attached to this
equipment, and must have shielded interface cables.
Finally, any changes or modifications to the equipment by the user not
expressly approved by the grantee or manufacturer could void the user's
authority to operate such equipment.
Each host adapter is equipped with an FCC compliance label which shows
only the FCC Identification number. The full text of the associated label
follows:
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Adaptec, Inc.
691 South Milpitas Blvd.
Milpitas, CA 95035
Copyright © 1995, Adaptec, Inc. All rights reserved. Adaptec, the
Adaptec logo, AHA, EZ-SCSI, and SCSISelect are trademarks of
Adaptec, Inc. which may be registered in some jurisdictions. All
other trademarks are owned by their respective owners.
Printed in Singapore
Stock No.: 510889-00, Rev. A RQ 8/95
Information subject to change without notice.
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