Epson ActionPrinter 2250 - ActionPrinter-2250 Impact Printer User`s guide

Epson ActionPrinter 2250 - ActionPrinter-2250 Impact Printer User`s guide
U
S
E
R’
S
G
U
I
D
E
4001245
GO1-01
Printer Parts
printer cover
parallel in&ace
ribbon
u
Cartridge
Never move this lever.
FONT lights
rL
,~~
-~~~
Font button LF/FF button
Control panel
-
EPSON®,+eqpm
2250
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a
retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of
Seiko Epson Corporation. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of
the information contained herein. While every precaution has been taken in the
preparation of this book, Seiko Epson Corporation assumes no responsibility for
errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the
use of the information contained herein.
Neither Seiko Epson Corporation nor its affiliates shall be liable to the purchaser of
this product or third parties for damages, losses, costs, or expenses incurred by
purchaser or third parties as a result of: accident, misuse, or abuse of this product or
unauthorized modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product, or (excluding the
U.S.) failure to strictly comply with Seiko Epson Corporation’s operating and
maintenance instructions.
Seiko Epson Corporation shall not be liable against any damages or problems
arising from the use of any options or any consumable products other than those
designated as Original Epson Products or Epson Approved Products by Seiko
Epson Corporation.
Epson and Epson ESC/P are registered trademarks of Seiko Epson Corporation.
Action Printer is a trademark of Epson America, Inc.
Copyright © 1992 by Seiko Epson Corporation
Nagano, Japan
User’s Guide
FCC Compliance Statement
For United States Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause interference to radio and television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures.
.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will
invalidate the FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels
which exceed the limits established by the FCC for this equipment. It is the
responsibility of the user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable
with this device. If this equipment has more than one interface connector, do
not leave cables connected to unused interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void
the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
For Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions
from digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of the
Canadian Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numerique n’emet pas de bruits radioelectriques d&passant les
limites applicables aux appareils numeriques de Classe B prescrites dans le
reglement sur le brouillage radioelectrique edict6 par le Ministere des
Communications du Canada.
ii
Important Safety Instructions
.
Read all of these instructions before you set up your printer.
.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the printer.
.
Unplug the printer from the wall outlet before you clean it, and use a damp
cloth for cleaning, not liquid or aerosol cleaners.
.
Do not use your printer near water or spill any liquid on it.
.
Do not place the printer on an unstable cart, stand, table or other surface that
may allow the printer to fall.
.
Do not block any slots or openings in the cabinet. These are provided for the
ventilation necessary to ensure reliable operation and protection from
overheating. Placing the printer on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface
may block the openings. Also, do not place the printer in a built-in installation
unless proper ventilation is provided.
.
Never place the printer near or over a radiator or heat register.
.
Use the type of power source indicated on the label. If you are not sure of the
type of power available, consult your dealer or local power company.
.
This printer may be equipped with a plug having a third (grounding) pin,
which fits only into a grounding-type outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are
unable to insert the plug into the outlet, have an electrician replace your
obsolete outlet. Do not defeat the purpose of the grounding-type plug.
.
Do not put your printer where the cord will be walked on.
.
If you use an extension cord, make sure that the total of the ampere ratings on
the products plugged into the extension cord does not exceed the extension
cord’s ampere rating. Also, make sure that the total of all products plugged
into the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
.
Never push objects of any kind into your printer because they may touch
dangerous voltage points or short out parts that could result in a risk of fire or
electric shock.
.
Except as specifically explained in the user’s manual, do not attempt to repair
the printer yourself. This could expose you to dangerous voltage points or
other risks. Refer all servicing in those compartments to service personnel.
iii
.
Unplug the printer from the wall outlet and have it repaired by a qualified
service person under the following conditions:
When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
If liquid has been spilled into it
If it has been exposed to ram or water
If it does not operate normally when the operating instructions are
followed. Adjust only those controls that are covered by the operating
instructions since improper adjustment of other controls may result in
damage and will often require extensive work by a qualified technician to
restore the printer to normal operation.
If it has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
If it exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating a need for service
Where United States Users Can Get Help
Epson America provides local customer support and service through a nationwide
network of authorized Epson dealers and Service Centers.
Epson also provides the following support services through the Epson Consumer
Resource Center at (800) 922-8911:
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson Reseller or Service
Center
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration, and operation of
Epson products
Sales of the ESC/P Reference manual
Epson technical information library fax service
Product literature with technical specifications on our current and new
products
Sales of ribbons, supplies, parts, documentation, and accessories for your
Epson product
Customer Relations
User group locations
iv
For United Kingdom Users
Epson product guarantee
Under the law, goods sold must comply with their description and must be of
merchantable quality and fit for their purpose or correspond with any sample.
This guarantee does not affect the seller’s legal obligation or the rights of the
consumer in the “consumer transactions” under any Statute, including Sections 12
to 15 of the Sales of Goods Act, 1979.
All Epson Products, other than OEM products, are fully guaranteed against faulty
operation or performance for a period of ONE YEAR from date of purchase by the
user of the product.
All claims under this guarantee MUST be supported by evidence of purchase,
normally the bill of sale invoice, and it is the responsibility of the claimant to furnish
such proof. Epson (UK) Limited does not issue or operate any form of guarantee
registration card.
Claims are made by the user returning the product to the supplier from whom it
was purchased or, if this is impractical, to any Epson supplier who also handles the
same product. In the event of any difficulty, users are requested to contact the
Service Co-ordinator Manager at Epson (UK) Limited.
Epson (UK) Limited, or Epson Appointed Distributors, will at their discretion repair
or replace part or all of the product to provide, in their judgement, a satisfactory
performance of the product consistent with its age and apparent usage.
This guarantee covers the cost of both the parts and labour required to correct any
malfunction of the equipment, but specifically excludes: wear and tear,
consumables, physical damage due to incorrect use or misuse and damage or faulty
operation due to unauthorized and inexpert repair.
The guarantee is restricted to the performance of the product alone, and Epson (UK)
Limited does not accept responsibility for any consequential loss or damage, nor
claimed or implied performance, when the product is used in any combination with
other equipment or program software.
Product guarantee may be invalidated as a result of excessive or inappropriate use,
use in adverse environment or in conditions outside the specifications or if the
product has been subjected to unapproved modifications.
The guarantee does not cover visits to the user’s premises or the repair or
commissioning of the product on site.
Use of options
Epson (UK) Limited shall not be liable against any damages or problems arising
from the use of any options or consumable products other than those designated as
Original Epson Products or Epson Approved Products by Epson (UK) Limited.
Safety information
Warning: This appliance must be earthed. Refer to rating plate for voltage and
check that the appliance voltage corresponds to the supply voltage.
Important: The wires in the mains lead fitted to this appliance are colored in
accordance with the following code:
Green and yellow - Earth
Blue - Neutral
Brown - Live
As the colors of the wires in the mains lead of this appliance may not correspond
with the colored markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as
follows:
The green and yellow wire must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is
marked with the letter E or with the earth symbol (+) or colored green or green
and yellow.
The blue wire must be connected to the terminal in the plug marked with the letter
N or colored black.
The brown wire must be connected to the terminal in the plug marked with the
letter L or colored red.
If damage occurs to the plug, replace the cord set or consult a qualified electrician.
Replace fuses only with a fuse of the correct size and rating.
vi
Contents
1
Introduction
Features ........................................................................................... 1
Finding Your Way Around .......................................................... 2
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes .................................................. 2
Chapter 1 Setting Up the Printer
1-1
Unpacking the Printer ...............................................................
Choosing a Place for the Printer ..............................................
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge ...............................................
Plugging in the Printer ..............................................................
Running the Self Test .................................................................
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer .............................
Setting Up Your Software Programs .......................................
1-2
1-4
1-5
1-7
1-8
1-11
1-13
Chapter 2 Paper Handling
2-1
Printing on Single Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets ....2-13
Printing on Special Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
3-2
Chapter 3 Using the Printer
Operating the Control Panel ..................................................... 3-2
Selecting Character Fonts.. ....................................................... . 3-5
Using the Default-Setting Mode .............................................. 3-5
Maintenance and Transportation ............................................ 3-16
Troubleshooting ......................................................................... 3-19
Contents
vii
Appendix
A-1
Technical Specifications ........................................................... A-2
Command Summary ................................................................ A-13
Character Tables ........................................................................ A-21
Glossary
GL-1
Index
IN-1
Viii
Contents
Introduction
Your new Epson® printer is an advanced 9-pin dot matrix printer
that combines high performance with a wide range of features.
Features
These features give your Epson printer outstanding value:
Fast printing speed. You can print up to 240 characters per
second in 12 cpi draft mode.
Easy paper handling. The built-in paper cassette holds up to 50
single sheets of paper. You can also install the push tractor to
print on continuous paper, multi-part forms, and labels. Also
you can switch between single-sheet and continuous printing
without removing either paper supply.
Compatibility. The printer supports the Epson ESC/P®
commands widely used in software programs written for
other Epson LX printers.
Two printer positions. You can set the printer upright or flat,
whichever you prefer.
A range of popular fonts. You can choose from two draft fonts
and two near letter quality fonts for professional results.
Unique control-panel design. The sleek, two-button panel
makes it easy to customize the printer’s default settings.
No adjustment necessary for paper thickness. You do not need to
adjust a paper thickness lever when you use thick paper.
In some locations, the push tractor is an option (part number
C80026*) .
Introduction 1
Introduction
Finding Your Way Around
Here’s what you’ll find in this book:
Chapter 1 contains step-by-step instructions for unpacking,
setting up, testing, and connecting your printer. Be sure to read
and follow these instructions.
l
l
l
l
l
Chapter 2 is a detailed discussion of paper handling.
Chapter 3 describes how to use the control panel to customize
your printer settings. It also contains maintenance and
troubleshooting information.
The Appendix includes the printer specifications, commands,
and character tables.
A glossary of printer terms and an index are at the end.
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
I!!!9
WARNINGS must be followed carefully to avoid bodily
injury.
CAUTIONS must be observed to avoid damage to your
equipment.
Notes contain important information and useful tips on the
operation of your printer.
2
Introduction
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Printer
Unpacking the Printer.. ............................................................. 1-2
Removing the protective materials .................................... 1-3
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Plugging in the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
Running the Self Test ................................................................ 1-8
Loading paper into the paper cassette.. ............................. 1-8
Running the test .................................................................... 1-11
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-11
Setting Up Your Software Programs.. ..................................... 1-13
Printing a test file .................................................................. 1-14
Setting Up the Printer
1-1
Unpacking the Printer
Your printer box should include these items.
printer
output guide
ribbon cartridge
i
@
power cord*
cable clip
push tractor**
l
In some locations, the power cord is attached to the printer.
** In some countries, the push tractor is an option (part number CSOOZS*).
0
t
l
1-2
CAUTION: There are several versions of this printer
designed for different voltages, and it is not possible to
change the voltage. If the label on the back of the printer
does not show the correct voltage for your country,
contact your dealer.
Setting Up the Printer
Unpacking the Printer
Removing the protective materials
During shipping, a piece of foam packing, a print head protector,
and a piece of tape protect the printer and paper cassette. Before you
use the printer, you must remove these protective items.
1. Use the tabs on both sides of the printer cover to lift it off the
printer. First remove the protective cover. Then remove the foam
packing and the two protectors from inside the printer.
2.
Remove the ribbon cartridge from its foam packing.
3.
Pull the paper cassette out of the printer. Remove the tape that
holds down the metal plate in the cassette during shipping.
Note: Store these protective items with the other packing
materials.
Setting Up the Printer
1-3
Choosing a Place for the Printer
The printer works flat or upright, as shown below. You can set it
whichever way fits your preference or working space. (When you
install the push tractor, you must use the flat position.)
When selecting a place for your printer, follow these guidelines:
Place the printer on a flat, stable surface. Do not slide the printer
on rough surfaces because you may damage the flap on the
bottom.
Place the printer close enough to the computer for its interface
cable to reach the computer.
Leave adequate room for easy operation and maintenance.
Avoid locations that are subject to direct sunlight, excessive heat,
moisture, or dust.
Use a grounded outlet; do not use an adapter plug.
Place the printer where you can easily unplug the power cord.
Avoid electrical outlets controlled by wall switches or automatic
timers, and avoid outlets on the same circuit as large motors or
other appliances that can cause fluctuations in line voltage.
Keep the entire computer system away from potential sources of
electromagnetic interference, such as loudspeakers or the base
units of cordless telephones.
1-4
Setting Up the Printer
Choosing a Place for the Printer
If you plan to use a printer stand, follow these guidelines:
Use a stand that supports at least 10 kg (22 lbs).
Never use a stand that tilts the printer. It should always be kept
level.
Make sure to provide enough clearance below the stand so your
continuous paper feeds smoothly.
Place cables so they do not interfere with paper feeding; secure
them to a leg of the stand if possible.
Align the continuous paper stack so the paper feeds straight into
the tractor’s sprocket units.
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge
Before you install the ribbon cartridge, make sure the power
cord is not plugged into an electrical outlet.
1.
Use the tabs on both sides of the printer cover to lift it off the
printer. Then slide the print head to the middle of the printer.
Setting Up the Printer
1-5
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge
2.
Turn the ribbon-tightening knob in the direction of the arrow to
remove any slack in the ribbon. Insert the ribbon cartridge into
the printer as shown; then press both sides of the cartridge
firmly to fit the plastic posts into the slots.
3. Turn the ribbon-tightening knob to feed the ribbon into place.
Make sure it is not twisted or creased.
?
0’
l
CAUTION:
l
Never move the small levers on the ends of the metal
shaft (shown below). They have already been adjusted
at the factory.
Never move this lever.
l
1-6
Disregard the numbers 0 and 1 under the printer cover
on the left side. They are not necessary for printer
operation.
Setting Up the Printer
Installing the Ribbon Cartridge
4. Replace the printer cover by inserting its tabs into the holes on
the printer as shown below; then close the cover.
Plugging in the Printer
1. Make sure the power switch on the printer is turned off. It is off
when the 0 side of the switch is pressed down.
2. Check the label on the back of the printer to make sure the
voltage required by the printer matches that of your electrical
outlet.
01
l
CAUTION: If the rated voltage and your outlet voltage do
not match, contact your dealer for assistance. Do not plug
in the power cord.
Setting Up the Printer
1-7
Running the SelfTest
3. If the power cord is not attached to the printer, connect it to the
AC inlet on the printer.
4. Plug the power cord into a properly grounded electrical outlet.
Running the Self Test
You can run the self test with either continuous paper or single
sheets; this section describes the easier way, with single sheets.
If you want to use continuous paper, see “Using Continuous Paper
with the Push Tractor” in Chapter 2.
Loading paper into the paper cassette
1. You can install the output guide to support printed pages as they
come out of the printer. To install it, insert the tabs on the guide
into the mounting slots on the printer case as shown below. Be
sure to turn the guide over and install it in the opposite
direction when you use the printer in the upright position.
1-8
Setting Up the Printer
Running the Self Test
2.
Pull the paper cassette out of the printer.
3.
Fan a stack of A4 or letter-size paper and then even up the edges.
Note: The US version uses letter-size paper; all others use A4
paper. The paper size (letter or A4) is shown on the inside of the
paper cassette. The cassette holds up to 50 sheets (70 kg or 22 lb
maximum).
4. Pull out the paper support.
Setting Up the Printer
1-9
Running the Self Test
5. While holding down the metal plate in the paper cassette, put
the paper in the cassette. Make sure the paper is underneath all
five tabs, especially the small ones on the top edge of the
cassette.
tabs
tabs
6.
Insert the paper cassette into the printer as far as it will go. The
edge of the paper stack extends beyond the front of the printer.
1-10
Setting Up the Printer
Running the Self Test
Running the test
1. Make sure the printer is turned off.
2. While holding down the LF/FF (w ) button, turn on the printer.
The printer gives two long and two short beeps, and then it
loads the paper automatically and begins the self test.
The printer prints characters in the current font and character
table. Here is part of a typical self test:
!“#$%Sr*( I*+,- ./0123456789:;<=>?8ABCDEFGHIJKL
!“#$%&-( )*+,- ./0123456789:;<=>[email protected]
“#$%&‘O*+,-./012345678Q:;<=>[email protected]
#$%&‘( )a+,- ./0123456789:;<=>[email protected]
$%&‘()*+,-./012345678S:;<=>[email protected]
%&‘( )*+,- ./0123456789:;<=>[email protected]
&-()a+,- ./0123456789:;<=>[email protected]
Note: If the paper cassette is empty when you turn the power on,
the printer beeps three times and the READY light flashes. Load
paper as described above and press the LF/FF button to start the
self test.
3.
To stop the self test, turn off the printer.
If the self test does not work properly, contact your dealer.
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
If the self test prints correctly, you’re ready to connect your printer
to the computer. You need a parallel printer cable to connect your
computer to the printer’s built-in parallel interface.
Follow these steps to connect the parallel interface cable:
1. Make sure both the printer and computer are turned off; then
plug the cable connector securely into the printer’s interface
connector.
Setting Up the Printer
1-11
Connecting the Printer to
2.
Your
Computer
Squeeze the wire clips together until they lock in place on either
side.
Note: If your cable has a ground wire, connect it to the ground
connector below the interface connector.
3.
Put the cable through the cable clip; then insert the clip in the
slot on the bottom of the printer. (You may have to remove the
output guide when you put the printer upright to attach the
cable clip.)
1-12
Setting Up the Printer
I
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
4. Plug the other end of the cable into the computer. If there is a
ground wire at the computer end of the cable, attach it to the
ground connector at the back of the computer.
Note: If you want the power cord or interface cable to be on the
opposite side, route it through the slot on the back.
Setting Up Your Software Programs
Most software programs let you specify the type of printer you use
so that the program can take full advantage of the printer’s features.
Many programs provide a printer selection menu.
Setting Up the Printer
1-13
Setting Up Your Software Programs
Because the family of Epson printers shares a great many
commands, you can use a software program even if does not list
your printer on its printer selection menu. Choose from the
following list (the printers are listed in the order of preference).
LX-100
ActionPrinter 2250
LX-810/850
LX-800
LX-86
LX-80
FX-850
FX-86e / 800
EX-800
FX-85
FX-80+
FX-80
If none of these printers is listed, select the first one of these
available: LX, FX, EX, RX, MX, Epson printer, Standard printer,
Draft printer.
To use all of the features of the printer, however, it is best to choose
a program with one of the LX printers on its menu. If your program
does not list one of these printers, contact the software manufacturer
to see if an update is available.
Printing a test file
After you select the most appropriate printer, create and print a test
file using the fonts, symbols, features, and formats that you use most
often. Printing the test file shows you how the printer works with
your software program.
If the printing results are not what you expect, see Troubleshooting
in Chapter 3, or consult your computer or software manual.
1-14
Setting Up the Printer
Chapter 2
Paper Handling
Printing on Single Sheets ......................................................... 2-2
Tips for using the paper cassette ....................................... 2-2
Loading paper manually ..................................................... 2-3
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor ..................
Installing the push tractor.. .................................................
Loading continuous paper.. ................................................
Tips for using continuous paper ........................................
Using the tear-off feature ....................................................
Removing the push tractor .................................................
2-5
2-5
2-7
2-10
2-11
2-11
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Switching to single sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
Switching to continuous paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Printing on Special Paper.. .......................................................
Envelopes ..............................................................................
Multi-part forms ...................................................................
Labels .....................................................................................
2-15
2-16
2-17
2-17
Paper Handling 2-1
Printing on Single Sheets
You can load standard-sized single sheets with the paper cassette
and you can load single sheets of paper from 148 mm (5.8 inches) to
257 mm (10.1 inches) wide with the manual insertion slot.
Tips for using the paper cassette
Review “Loading paper into the paper cassette” on page 1-8. Also,
the tips below will help you get the best performance when using
the cassette.
Load paper in the cassette before you turn on the printer and
send data. When the printer receives data from the computer, it
loads a single sheet automatically and begins to print.
If the printer runs out of paper during a print job, reload the
paper cassette and press the LF/FF button to load the paper.
Press the LF/FF button to eject a sheet of loaded paper.
You can adjust the top-of-form position with the gear under the
printer cover. It is marked by + and - signs. Open the printer
cover and turn the gear to adjust the position. The notches on the
ribbon mask indicate the base line of printed characters. The gear
adjustment affects only the loaded page. If you want to change
the top-of-form position permanently, you can adjust it in the
default-setting mode described in Chapter 3. However, most
software programs take care of the top and bottom margins. You
usually don’t need to set the top-of-form position on the printer.
ribbon mask
- c base line of characters
2-2
Paper Handling
Printing on Single Sheets
l
l
l
When you want to push the paper support back into the paper
cassette, first remove paper from the cassette. Then hold down
the locking tab while pushing the paper support in.
The default page length for the paper cassette is 65 lines (A4-size
paper) or 61 lines (letter-size paper). You can change it using
your software or printer commands, if necessary. See the
Appendix for more about printer commands.
You can switch to manual insertion or to the push tractor
without removing the paper cassette. For instructions, see
“Loading paper manually” or “Switching Between Continuous
Paper and Single Sheets” later in this chapter.
Loading paper manually
You can load single sheets of paper from the rear manual insertion
slot. (If you’ve installed the push tractor, remove it before loading
paper manually.)
1. Place the printer in the upright position and turn it on.
Paper Handling 2-3
Printing on Single Sheets
2. Next, lower the flap on the rear slot. Then insert a single sheet
into the slot, aligning the paper edge with the arrow mark on the
printer case. The page loads automatically. When the printer
receives data, it begins printing.
Be sure to raise the flap when not using manual insertion.
l
l
2-4
You can adjust the top-of-form position in the same way that
you do for paper loaded from the cassette.
When you want to switch to the paper cassette, press the LF/FF
button without inserting a page into the rear slot. The printer
loads a page from the cassette.
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
You can use the push tractor to print on continuous paper from
101 mm (4 inches) to 254 mm (10 inches) wide.
Note: In some locations, the tractor is an option (part number
C80026*).
Installing the push tractor
1. Make sure the printer is turned off and is in the flat position.
Remove the paper guide.
2. Make sure the paper-release lever on the left side of the push
tractor is lowered to the single-sheet position.
Paper Handling 2-5
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
3.
Hold the tractor as shown and fit the edges of both sides into the
slots at the back of the printer. Then lift it straight up until you
hear the unit snap into place.
4.
Raise the paper-release lever and push it firmly into the
continuous-paper position.
2-6
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
Loading continuous paper
1. Place the continuous paper supply below the printer so the
paper feeds smoothly into the printer as shown. (You can also
use a printer stand. )
CAUTION: When you are using labels with the tractor,
always put the supply below the printer and have the
printed labels feed out the back of the printer. Otherwise
they may come off their backing and cause a jam.
2. Make sure the paper-release lever is in the upper position.
3.
Release the sprocket units by pushing the lock levers up.
Paper Handling 2-7
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
4. Adjust the right sprocket unit, aligning the paper edge with the
arrow mark on the case. Then slide the left sprocket unit to
match the width of your paper, but do not lock it.
5. Position the paper support midway between the two sprocket
units. Open both sprocket covers.
2-8
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
6. Make sure your paper has a clean, straight leading edge. Fit the
first four holes of the paper over the sprocket pins, and then
close the sprocket covers. Slide the left sprocket unit to remove
any slack in the paper. Then push the lock lever down to lock it
in place. Note that this printer prints on the underside of the
paper.
7. Turn on the printer. It advances the paper to the loading position
automatically when it receives data.
Note: If the printer runs out of paper during a print job, load
additional paper onto the push tractor and press the LF/FF button.
Paper Handling 2-9
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
Tips for using continuous paper
l
You can adjust the top-of-form position temporarily. Open the
printer cover and turn the gear marked by + and - signs to
adjust the position. This adjustment is lost when you turn off the
printer or feed the paper backward to the paper-park position
described later in this chapter.
paper-park position
l
l
If you want to change the top-of-form position permanently,
adjust it with the default-setting mode as described in Chapter 3.
Each time you turn on the printer with paper loaded, it reverses
the continuous paper to the paper-park position and then
advances it to the next top-of-form. Always remove your printed
sheets before you turn off the printer to keep the top-of-form
position accurate.
Note: When you set the back-feed setting to Disable in the
default-setting mode, the printer does not feed the paper
backward even if you press the LF/FF and FONT buttons or you
turn on the printer with paper loaded. For details, see “Labels” in
this chapter or “Using the Default-Setting Mode” in Chapter 3.
2-10
Paper Handling
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
Using the tear-off feature
When you use continuous paper, the tear-off feature makes it easier
to tear off the last printed sheet and save the paper normally lost
between documents.
Note:
l
l
You can tell the printer to feed the perforation of your paper to
either the edge of the printer cover or approximately 80 mm
(three inches) beyond, by setting the tear-off option as
described in Chapter 3.
When you set the back-feed setting to Disable in the defaultsetting mode, the tear-off feature does not work. For details, see
“Labels” in this chapter or “Using the Default-Setting Mode” in
Chapter 3.
Here’s how the tear-off feature works:
1. When the printer finishes printing the last page and the print
head moves to the top-of-form position on the next page, the
printer automatically advances the paper to the tear-off position.
2. The READY light ( IX ) blinks to indicate the printer is in tear-off
mode.
3.
9
You can then easily tear off the page along the perforation.
4. When the printer receives data, it feeds the paper backward to
the top-of-form position and the printer begins printing.
Removing the push tractor
1. Tear off any printed pages. Press the LF/FF and FONT buttons at
the same time to feed the remaining paper backward to the
paper-park position. Remove the paper from the push tractor.
Paper Handling
2-11
Using Continuous Paper with the Push Tractor
0?
l
CAUTION: Always tear off the printed document and
excess paper before feeding paper backward. Never feed
more than one page backward through the printer.
2. Turn off the printer and lower the paper-release lever to the
single-sheet position. Then pull the push tractor straight down
and out of the printer.
3. Replace the paper guide.
2-12
Paper Handling
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets
When you use the push tractor, you can easily switch to single-sheet
printing without removing the continuous paper supply.
Switching to single sheets
Here’s how to switch from continuous paper to single sheets:
1. If you have a printed document still in the printer, tear off the
printed pages and then press the LF/FF and FONT buttons at the
same time to reverse the remaining paper back to the paper-park
position.
0
t
l
CAUTION:
l
l
Always tear off printed pages before feeding paper
backward; feeding too many sheets backward can
cause a paper jam.
Never feed labels backward. They can easily peel off of
their backing and jam the printer. See “Labels” later in
this chapter for information on removing labels.
2. Lower the paper-release lever to the single-sheet position.
Paper Handling
2-13
Switching Between Continuous Paper and Single Sheets
010
3.
CAUTION: If you lower the paper-release lever while
continuous paper is still loaded, the printer beeps five
times and the READY light goes off. If this happens, raise
the paper-release lever and press the LF/FF and FONT
buttons at the same time to reverse the paper to the paperpark position. You can then lower the lever again.
The printer is ready to print. When it receives data, it
automatically loads a single sheet from the paper cassette and
begins to print.
Switching to continuous paper
To switch from single sheets back to continuous paper, follow these
steps:
1.
If a single sheet is in the paper path, hold the LF/FF button down
to eject it.
2.
Raise the paper-release lever and push it firmly into the
continuous-paper position.
CAUTION: If you raise the paper-release lever when a
single sheet is in the paper path, the printer beeps and the
completely. Then raise the lever again.
3.
The printer is ready. When the printer receives data, it
automatically loads continuous paper from the push tractor and
begins to print.
2-14
Paper Handling
Printing on Special Paper
In addition to printing on single sheets and continuous paper, your
printer can print on a wide variety of other paper types, such as
envelopes, labels, and multi-part forms. You need not adjust the
printer for the paper thickness when you use these paper types.
Never move the small levers on the ends of the metal
Never move this lever.
l
Disregard the numbers 0 and 1 under the printer cover
on the left side. They are not necessary for printer
operation.
Paper Handling
2-15
Printing on Special Paper
Envelopes
You can use the manual insertion slot to print on individual
envelopes.
l
l
l
l
l
Always load envelopes manually through the rear slot. To load
an envelope, follow the steps described in “Loading paper
manually” earlier in this chapter.
Before loading an envelope, lower the flap on the printer’s rear
slot.
Always feed envelopes by inserting the wide edge into the
printer first, as shown.
Use envelopes under normal operating conditions only.
Printing on the edge of an envelope can damage the print head.
Make sure your software program keeps the printing entirely
within the printable area of the envelope. For more information
on the printable area, see the Appendix.
2-16
Paper Handling
Printing on Special Paper
Multi-part forms
You can use carbonless continuous multi-part forms of up to three
parts (one original plus two copies).
Load multi-part forms with the push tractor only. You load
multi-part continuous paper the same way as ordinary
continuous paper. For details, see “Loading continuous paper”
on page 2-7.
l
Use only multi-part forms joined with spot-gluing that is free of
wrinkles and waves. Never print on multi-part forms joined
with metal staples, tape, or continuous gluing.
l
If you need to adjust the top-of-form position, use your software
or change the default top-of-form position as described in
Chapter 3. You may have to experiment to get the setting you
want.
l
Labels
This printer can print on labels, but you must use the push tractor.
0
t
l
CAUTION: When you use labels, always be sure that
they are not fed backward because backward feeding can
make them peel off their backing and jam the printer.
To make sure that the labels do not peel off and jam the printer,
change the back-feed setting in the default-setting mode to Disable.
(For instructions, see “Changing the default settings” in Chapter 3.)
When the back-feed setting is Disable, the printer never feeds paper
backward.
The back-feed setting of Disable produces the following results:
l
l
The printer does not feed paper to the paper-park position even
if you press the LF/FF and FONT buttons.
The tear-off feature is disabled.
Paper Handling
2-17
Printing on Special Paper
l
The printer does not feed paper back to the paper-park position
and then advance it to the top-of-form position between jobs
even if paper is loaded when you turn on the printer.
In addition to changing the back-feed setting, also follow the
instructions below when you print on labels:
l
l
l
l
Always use labels designed for use with a tractor. Do not try to
print on single-sheet labels.
Be sure to set up the printer and paper supply as shown on page
2-7.
Because labels are especially sensitive to extremes of
temperature and humidity, use them under normal operating
conditions only.
Make sure that your printing stays entirely within the printable
area of the labels because printing on the edge of a label or on
the backing sheet can damage the printer. See the Appendix for
more information on the printable area.
Note: When you want to remove labels from the printer, always
tear off the fresh supply of labels at the rear of the printer as
shown below and then press the LF/FF button to advance the
remaining labels out of the printer. This is necessary to prevent
the labels from being fed backward.
2-18
Paper Handling
Chapter 3
Using the Printer
Operating the Control Panel ....................................................
Lights .....................................................................................
Buttons ...................................................................................
Other control-panel features .............................................
3-2
3-2
3-3
3-4
Selecting Character Fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Using the Default-Setting Mode ............................................. 3-5
Changing the default settings ............................................ 3-7
Default settings.. ................................................................... 3-13
Maintenance and Transportation ...........................................
Cleaning the printer .............................................................
Replacing the ribbon cartridge ...........................................
Transporting the printer .....................................................
3-16
3-16
3-17
3-18
Troubleshooting ........................................................................
Power supply ........................................................................
Printing ..................................................................................
Paper handling .....................................................................
3-19
3-20
3-20
3-24
Using the Printer
3-1
Operating the Control Panel
You can control basic printer operations - line feeding, form
feeding, paper loading and ejecting, and font selection -with the
buttons on the control panel. The indicator lights show the printer
status.
Lights
The panel lights provide information on certain printer conditions
and settings.
READY light
The READY light is on when the printer is ready to receive data from
the computer. It flashes briefly each time you turn on the printer.
The READY light also flashes under the following conditions:
l
l
The printer is out of paper.
The printer is in the tear-off mode (when the push tractor is
installed.)
When an error occurs, the READY light goes off.
3-2
Using the Printer
Operating the Control Panel
FONT lights
The FONT lights indicate the current font setting. These lights change
when you press the FONT button. Look at the font menu on the
control panel to see which font is selected. For instructions on
selecting fonts with the FONT button, see page 3-5.
The FONT lights (Light 1 and Light 2) also indicate your selection in
the default-setting mode. For more information about the defaultsetting mode, see page 3-5.
Buttons
The two buttons on the control panel perform different functions
depending on the printer mode.
FONT button
Press the FONT button during normal operation to cycle through the
font choices on the font menu. The two FONT lights indicate current
selections. For more about choosing a font with this button, see page
3-5.
Hold down the FONT button while you turn on the printer to enter
the default-setting mode. When you are in the default-setting mode,
use this button to make your selection. For more information about
the default-setting mode, see page 3-5.
LF/FF button
Press the LF/FF button during normal operation to feed paper line by
line. Hold down the LF/FF button to load a single sheet of paper or to
advance continuous paper to the next top-of-form. You can also
press the LF/FF button to eject a page.
When you are in the default-setting mode, use this button to change
the default settings. For more information about the default-setting
mode, see page 3-5.
Using the Printer
3-3
Operating the Control Panel
PAPERPARK
If you are using continuous paper, you can press the LF/FF and FONT
buttons at the same time to move the paper back to the paper-park
position.
CAUTION: Never feed labels backward; they may peel
?
0 0
off their backing sheet and damage the printer. Use the
LF/FF button to feed them forward.
Other control-panel features
The control panel also gives you access to two special features:
Self Test
The self test lets you check whether your printer is
operating properly. To run the self test, see page
1-11.
Data dump
The data dump allows advanced users to pinpoint
communications problems between the printer and
computer. Hold down the LF/FF and FONT buttons
while turning on the printer to enter data dump
mode. The printer prints the exact codes (in
hexadecimal format) reaching it from the
computer.
3-4
Using the Printer
Selecting Character Fonts
To choose one of the fonts available with your printer, press the
FONT button.
FONT
The two FONT lights come on (0) and go off (0) to indicate the
current selection. The table below lists the fonts and shows how the
FONT lights appear for each selection.
Sample
FONT Lights
Light 1
Light 2
Font
Epson NLQ Roman
0
0
ABCDEFGhiJblm0123456789
Epson NLQ Sans Serif
0
0
ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
Epson Draft
0
0
ABCDEFGhijklm0123456789
Draft condensed
0
0
ABCDff6hijkM1234W89
l on
0 off
Using the Default-Setting Mode
Your printer has internal settings that control such functions as topof-form position and page length. These settings are called default
settings because they take effect each time you turn on the printer.
Using the Printer
3-5
Using the Default-Setting Mode
For most users, the factory settings are best, but you can change
these settings if necessary. The table below lists all the features you
can change in the default-setting mode; the next section tells you
how to change them; and the section after that describes each feature
in detail.
Settings
Features
Character spacing
10 cpi or 12 cpi
Shape of zero
Unslashed 0 or slashed 0
Skip-over-perforation
Off or On
Tear-off position
On cutter or above cutter
Auto line feed
Off or On
Back feed
Enable or disable
Character table
Italic U.S.A., Italic France, Italic Germany,
Italic U.K., Italic Denmark 1, Italic Sweden,
italic Italy, Italic Spain 1, PC 437, PC 850,
PC 860, PC 863, PC 865, PC 437 Greek*,
PC 851*, PC 852*, PC 853*, PC 855*, PC 857*,
PC 861*, PC 866, PC 869*, USSR GOST,
BRASCII**, or Abicomp**
* Available in the European version only.
** Available in the North/South American version
only.
Page length
11, 12, 8.5, or 70/6 inches (A4)
TOF position
-3, -2, -1, 0, +l, +2, or +3
Note: Most software programs control the printer features listed
here. If you can use your software program to control the printer,
you may never need to use the default-setting mode. In fact, you
may find that your program settings override your printer’s
default settings. See your software documentation for more
information.
3-6
Using the Printer
Using the Default-Setting Mode
Changing the default settings
If you do need to change any default settings, you can do as
described below. You press the control panel buttons, and the
control panel lights show your selections.
Note: You
repeat steps 6 through 8 if you want to make more
than one change. Also, you can turn off the printer and start over
if you are not sure about a setting.
can
1. Make sure the printer is turned off and paper is loaded in the
paper cassette. If you installed the push tractor, always use
continuous paper for the default-setting mode.
2. Slide the narrow cover off of the printer cover as shown. This
makes it easier to read the printed messages.
Using the Printer
3-7
Using the Default-Setting Mode
3. To enter the default-setting mode, hold down the FONT button
while you turn on the printer.
The printer loads a sheet of paper automatically and prints the
first instruction and a table that shows you which languages you
can choose. You can print the default-setting mode messages in
English, French, German, Italian, or Spanish.
4. To choose English, press the FONT button until light 1 is off and
light 2 is on; then press the LF/FF button.
To choose another language, use the table below and press the
FONT button until the lights indicate your selection; then press
the LF/FF button.
Table A: Language selection
Light 1
Light 2
English
OFF
ON
French
OFF
BLINK
German
ON
OFF
Italian
ON
ON
Spanish
ON
BLINK
Language
Once you press the LF/FF button, the printer prints the current
default settings and the next instruction in the selected language.
After printing is finished, go to the next step.
5. If you want more help text to be printed, press the FONT button.
After printing is finished, go to the next step.
If you don’t want the help text, press the LF/FF button. You can
then go to the next step immediately.
3-8
Using the Printer
Using the Default-Setting Mode
Note: When you first use the default-setting mode, it’s a good
idea to press the FONT button to print the help text before
changing default settings. The printed text guides you through
the operation. Once you are familiar with the operation, press the
LF/FF button to skip printing.
6.
Use Table B to choose the feature you want to change. Then
press the FONT button as many times as necessary until lights 1
and 2 match your selection.
Table B: Default settings
I
OFF
I
OFF
I
I
TOF position
No change
Change (Table E)
For example, if you want to change the character table, press the
FONT button until light 1 is blinking and light 2 is on.
Using the Printer
3-9
Using the Default-Setting Mode
7.
Press the LF/FF button to change the setting. The READY light
turns on or off to show your selection, as indicated in Table B,
and your new setting is saved automatically and remains in
effect until you change it.
If you are changing the character table, page length, or TOF
position, go to step 8 next. Otherwise, go to step 9.
8.
If you are changing the character table, page length, or TOF
position, you must make additional settings as shown in the
tables below. Press the LF/FF button until light 1, light 2, and the
READY light indicate your selection. Then press the FONT button
to set the feature.
Once you press the FONT button, the printer advances to the next
item in table B and your setting is saved automatically. The new
setting remains in effect until you change it.
3-10
Using the Printer
Using the Default-Setting Mode
Table C: Character table
BLINK
ON
OFF
PC 866 (Russian)*
BLINK
ON
ON
USSR GOST (Russian)*
BLINK
ON
BLINK
PC 861 (Icelandic)
* Available in the European version only.
** Available in the North/South American version only.
Using the Printer
3-11
Using the Default-Setting Mode
Table D: Page length
Light 1
Light 2
READY light
OFF
OFF
ON
11 inches
OFF
OFF
BLINK
12 inches
OFF
ON
OFF
8.5 inches
OFF
ON
ON
70/6 inches (A4)
Table E: TOF position
3-12
Using the Printer
Page length
Using the Default-Setting Mode
9.
Turn off the printer to exit the default-setting mode.
Any changes you have made remain in effect until you change
them again.
10. After you exit the default-setting mode, slide the narrow cover
back on the printer.
Default settings
This section describes all the features in the default-setting mode.
Character spacing
When you select 10 cpi, the printer prints 10 characters per inch
(cpi). When you select 12 cpi, it prints 12 characters per inch.
Shape of zero
The printer prints the zero character with a slash (0) when the
setting is on, or no slash (0) when the setting is off. The slashed zero
allows you to easily distinguish between an uppercase “0” and a
zero when printing such items as program lists.
Using the Printer
3-13
Using the Default-Setting Mode
Skip-over-perforation
When you turn on this feature, the printer skips over the
perforations of continuous paper, providing a 1-inch margin
between the last line printed on one page and the first line printed
on the next. Because most software programs set their own top and
bottom margins, you should use this feature only if your program
does not provide them. This feature does not affect single-sheet
paper.
Tear-off position
When you use continuous paper with the push tractor, this feature
advances the paper perforation to the tear-off position where you
can easily tear off the printed page. When the printer receives data,
it automatically reverses the paper to the top-of-form position and
starts printing, so you can use all of the next sheet.
You can choose from two tear-off positions with this feature. If you
select On cutter, the printer feeds the paper
perforation to the edge of the printer cover. If you select Above
cutter, the printer feeds the perforation about 80 mm (3 inches)
beyond the printer cover’s edge.
Auto line feed
When the auto line feed feature is on, each carriage return (CR) code
is accompanied by a line feed (LF) code. If your printed text is
unexpectedly double-spaced, set this feature to off. If text lines print
on top of each other, set it to on.
Back feed
When you set this feature to Disable, the printer never feeds
paper backward.
l
The printer does not feed paper to the paper-park position even
if you press the LF/FF and FONT buttons.
3-14
Using the Printer
Using the Default-Setting Mode
The tear-off feature is disabled.
l
The printer does not feed paper back to the paper-park position
and then advance it to the top-of-form position between jobs
even if paper is loaded when you turn on the printer.
l
Set this feature to Disable when you use labels, or when you do not
want to tear off continuous paper after each print job.
Character table
Character tables contain the characters and symbols used in
different languages. Your printer includes a wide variety of
character tables. You can choose from these options:
Italic character table:
•
U.S.A.
. U.K.
l Italy
France
Denmark 1
l Spain 1
l
l
l
l
Graphic character table:
l PC 437 (USA, standard Europe)
l PC 860 (Portuguese)
l PC 865 (Nordic)
l PC 851 (Greek)*
l PC 853 (Turkish)*
l PC 857 (Turkish)*
l PC 866 (Russian)*
l USSR COST (Russian)*
l Abicomp
(Brazilian Portuguese)**
Germany
Sweden
PC 850 (Multilingual)
l PC 863 (Canadian French)
l PC437 Greek (Greek)”
l PC 852 (East Europe)*
l PC 855 (Cyrillic)*
l PC 861 (Icelandic)*
l PC 869 (Greek)*
. BRASCII
(Brazilian Portuguese)**
l
* Available in the European version only.
** Available in the North/South American version only.
See the Appendix for specific characters in these character tables.
Using the Printer
3-15
Using the Default-Setting Mode
Page length
This option is available only when you use continuous paper
with the push tractor. You can set the page length to 8.5, 11,
12, or 70/6 (A4) inches.
TOF (top-of-form) position
Whenever you press the LF/FF button or send the form feed
command, the printer loads paper to the top-of-form (TOF) position.
The TOF position is factory set to the ±0 position (8.5 mm - 0.33
inch - from the top edge of paper). You can set this position from
- 3 to +3 in l-mm (0.04-inch) increments.
Maintenance and Transportation
Cleaning the printer
To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it
thoroughly several times a year.
1. Make sure the printer is turned off. Remove any paper as well as
the paper cassette and output guide.
2. Use a soft brush to carefully brush away all dust and dirt.
3. If the outer case or paper cassette is dirty or dusty, clean it with
a soft, clean cloth dampened with mild detergent. Keep the
printer cover in place to prevent water from getting inside the
printer.
3-16
Using the Printer
Maintenance and Transportation
t
0 a
CAUTION:
l
l
l
l
Never use alcohol or thinners to clean the printer;
these chemicals can damage the components as well
as the case.
Do not use a hard or abrasive brush.
Do not spray the inside of the printer with lubricants;
unsuitable oils can damage the mechanism. Contact
your dealer or a qualified service person if you think
lubrication is needed.
Be careful not to get water on the printer mechanism
or electronic components.
Replacing the ribbon cartridge
When the printing becomes faint, you need to replace the ribbon
cartridge.
We recommend that you use Epson ribbon cartridge S015047 for this
printer. Genuine Epson ribbons are designed and manufactured to
work properly with your Epson printer. Their high quality ensures
proper operation and long life of the print head and other printer
parts. Using any other ribbon may damage your printer or shorten
its life.
0
t
l
CAUTION: If you have just used the printer, let the print
head cool for a few minutes before you touch it.
Using the Printer
3-17
Maintenance and Transportation
To remove the old ribbon cartridge, first move the print head to the
center of the printer. Then remove the cartridge by lifting the posts
on either side of it.
To replace the ribbon cartridge, follow the steps in “Installing the
Ribbon Cartridge” in Chapter 1.
Transporting the printer
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully repack
it using the original box and packing materials, as described below:
1. Turn off the printer. Unplug the power cord from the electrical
outlet; then disconnect the interface cable from the printer.
2. Remove the output guide and the ribbon cartridge.
3. Remove the push tractor, if installed.
4. Attach the protective materials to the printer. See page 1-3.
5. Repack the printer, ribbon cartridge, output guide, and power
cord in the original packing materials and place them in the
printer’s original box.
3-18
Using the Printer
Troubleshooting
Most problems you may encounter while operating your printer
have simple solutions. If you have a printer problem, find it in the
list below and then see the appropriate page for help.
Power supply
l
See 3-20.
Power is not being supplied.
Printing
l
l
l
l
l
The printer does not print.
The print is faint or uneven.
Dots are missing in printed characters or graphics.
Printed characters are not what you expected.
The print position is not what you expected.
See 3-20.
See 3-21.
See 3-22.
See 3-22.
See 3-23.
Paper handling
l
l
l
Single sheets do not feed properly from the paper
cassette.
Single sheets do not feed properly from the manual
insertion slot.
Continuous paper does not feed properly.
See 3-24.
See 3-25.
See 3-25.
You can check the operation of your printer using the self test. See
“Running the Self Test” in Chapter 1. If the self test works properly,
the problem probably lies in the computer, the software, or the
interface cable. If the self test does not work, contact your dealer or a
qualified service person for assistance.
Using the Printer
3-19
Troubleshooting
Power supply
Power is not being supplied.
The lights on the control panel do not go on.
l
Check that the power cord is properly plugged into the
electrical outlet.
If the electrical outlet is controlled by an outside switch or
automatic timer, use a different outlet.
Plug another electrical device into the outlet to determine
whether the outlet is operating properly.
The lights come on briefly and then go off The lights stay off even when
the power is turned on again.
l
Check that the printer’s voltage rating matches the voltage of
your electrical outlet. If the voltages do not match, unplug
the printer and contact your dealer immediately. Do not
reconnect the power cord to an electrical outlet.
Printing
The printer does not print.
l
The READY light is on but nothing is printed.
Check that the software is installed properly for your printer.
Check the software’s printer settings.
Check both ends of the interface cable between the printer
and the computer. Make sure this cable is a shielded twistedpair parallel cable that meets both the printer and computer
specifications.
l
The READY light is/lashing.
The printer may be out of paper. Load paper in the printer.
3-20
Using the Printer
Troubleshooting
l
The printer sounds like it is printing, but nothing is printed.
The ribbon cartridge may not be installed properly. See the
section on ribbon installation in Chapter 1.
The ribbon may be worn out. Replace the ribbon cartridge as
described earlier in this chapter.
l
The printer makes a strange noise, the beeper sounds several times, and
the printer stops abruptly.
Turn off the printer and check for a paper jam, a ribbon jam,
or other problems. If the printer still does not print correctly,
contact your dealer.
l
The beeper sounds several times and the READY light goes off.
An error has occurred. Turn off the printer and turn it on
again. If the READY light stays off, contact your dealer or a
qualified service person. (If an error occurs when you try to
switch between single sheets and continuous paper, see page
3-26.)
The print is faint or uneven.
l
Printed characters have parts missing at the bottom.
The ribbon cartridge may not be installed properly. See the
section on ribbon installation in Chapter 1.
l
The printout is faint.
The ribbon may be worn out. Replace the ribbon cartridge as
described earlier in this chapter.
Using the Printer
3-21
Troubleshooting
Dots are missing in printed characters or graphics.
l
A line of dots is missing in the printout.
The print head is damaged. Stop printing and contact your
dealer to replace it.
l
Dots are missing in random positions.
Either there is too much slack in the ribbon or the ribbon has
come loose. Re-install the ribbon cartridge as described in
Chapter 1.
Printed characters are not what you expected.
l
The typestyles or characters you sent with your software are not
printed.
Check that the software is correctly configured for your
printer. For instructions, see Chapter 1.
l
The font selected on the control panel does not print.
Your software may be overriding your control panel setting.
Check the font setting in your software program.
l
The wrong characters are printed.
The wrong character table is selected. Check the default
character table setting as described in “Changing the default
settings” on page 3-7.
3-22
Using the Printer
Troubleshooting
The print position is not what you expected.
l
Printing starts too high or too low on the page, or the bottom part of one
page is printed at the top of the next page.
Reduce or eliminate the top margin with your application
software.
Use your software to specify the type of paper you are using
(single-sheet or continuous) and to reduce the lines-per-page
setting.
Change the TOF position in the default-setting mode. See
“Changing the default settings” on page 3-7.
Also, it is possible to open the printer cover and turn the gear
to make minor adjustments to the loading position for the
current page only. See Chapter 2.
l
All the text is printed on the same line.
Set the auto line feed to on in the default-setting mode so the
printer adds a line-feed code to each carriage return. See
“Changing the default settings” on page 3-7.
l
The text is printed with extra blank lines between the lines of text.
Two line-feed signals are being sent. Set the auto line feed to
off in the default-setting mode. See “Changing the default
settings” on page 3-7.
Line spacing is incorrect. Adjust the line-space setting with
your software.
l
Page length does not match the length of the paper.
Check the page length set by your software and adjust it if
necessary.
If you are using continuous paper, change the page length in
the default-setting mode. See “Changing the default settings”
on page 3-7.
Using the Printer
3-23
Troubleshooting
l
Regular gaps occur in the printout.
One-inch skip-over-perforation may be set. Set skip-overperforation to off in the default-setting mode. See “Changing
the default settings” on page 3-7.
Note:
l
You can use data dump mode to find the cause of
communication problems between the printer and your
software programs. See page 3-4.
l
If the printer still does not print correctly, try the self test
described in Chapter 1. If the self test works properly, the
printer is all right, and the problem probably lies in the
computer, the software, or the cable. If the self test does not
work, contact your dealer or a qualified service person.
Paper handling
Single sheets do not feed properly from the paper cassette.
l
When the push tractor is installed, the platen does not rotate and paper
does not feed.
Check that the paper-release lever is in the lower, singlesheet position.
l
The platen rotates but paper does not feed and the READY light flashes.
The paper cassette is out of paper. Load paper in the
cassette.
l
Paper feeding is crooked or the paper jams.
Turn off the printer and pull out the paper. Remove the
paper cassette and make sure the paper is properly loaded in
the paper cassette.
l
Pages do not fully eject.
Use the LF/FF button to eject the pages.
3-24
Using the Printer
Single sheets do not feed properly from the manual insertion slot.
l
Paper feeding is crooked or the paper jams.
Turn off the printer and pull out the paper. Insert a new
sheet straight into the paper slot. Make sure you’re using the
right type of paper. See the paper specifications in the
Appendix.
l
The paper may be too far to the right.
Move the paper a little to the left.
l
The paper does not eject completely.
The paper may be too long. Use paper that is within the
specified range. See the paper specifications in the Appendix.
Continuous paper does not feed properly.
•
When you send data or press the LF/FF button, the push tractor does
not feed the paper.
Check that the paper-release lever is in the raised,
continuous-paper position.
The paper has come off the push tractor. Reattach the paper
to the push tractor.
l
Paper feeding is crooked or the paper jams.
The position of your paper supply may be preventing it from
feeding straight. Make sure the paper supply is not
obstructed by a cable or some other object.
Make sure that your paper supply is positioned within 1
meter (3 feet) of the printer.
Check that the holes on the sides of the paper are aligned
with each other. Also, make sure the sprocket units are
locked and their covers are closed.
Check that the paper size and thickness are within the
specified range. See the paper specifications in the Appendix.
Using the Printer
3-25
Troubleshooting
l
The paper does not eject properly.
The page may be too long. Tear off the fresh supply of paper
and eject the page from the printer. Use only paper that is
within the specified length range described in the Appendix.
l
When you switch between single sheets and continuous paper, the
beeper sounds several times and the READY light goes off
You may have tried to change the paper-release lever
position while paper remained in the printer. Return the
paper-release lever to the previous position and eject paper
(or feed paper to the paper-park position). Then change the
paper-release lever position.
l
The paper does not feed backward to the paper-park position or the tearoff feature does not work.
You may have set the back-feed setting in the default-setting
mode to Disable. Set the back-feed setting to Enable. See
“Changing the default settings” on page 3-7. However, when
you print on labels, make sure you set the back-feed setting
to Disable.
3-26
Using the Printer
Appendix
Technical Specifications ..........................................................
Printer specifications .........................................................
Interface specifications ......................................................
Initialization ........................................................................
A-2
A-2
A-8
A-11
Command Summary ...............................................................
Sending printer commands ..............................................
Using the command summary .........................................
Printer operation ................................................................
Data control ........................................................................
Vertical motion ...................................................................
Horizontal motion .............................................................
Overall printing style ........................................................
Print size and character width .........................................
Print enhancement .............................................................
Word processing ................................................................
Character tables ..................................................................
User-defined characters ....................................................
Graphics ..............................................................................
A-13
A-13
A-13
A-14
A-14
A-14
A-15
A-16
A-16
A-17
A-17
A-18
A-19
A-20
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-21
Appendix A-1
Technical Specifications
Printer specifications
Printing
Printing method:
9-pin impact dot matrix
Printing speed:
Quality
Characters/inch
Draft
NLQ
Characters/second/line
10
200
12
240
10
40
12
48
Printing direction:
Bidirectional logic-seeking for text printing.
(Unidirectional can be selected with a software
command.) Unidirectional for graphics.
Line spacing:
l/6 inch, l/8 inch, or programmable in l/216-inch
increments
Paper feed speed:
86.5 ms per l/6-inch line; 2.88 inches/second with
continuous feed
Buffer:
4KB
Download memoy:
Memory capacity for 6 NLQ and 6 draft user-defined
characters
Printable columns:
12cpi
12 cpi condensed
A-2
Appendix
96
160
Technical Specifications
Resident fonts:
Epson Draft
Epson NLQ Roman
Epson NLQ Sans Serif
Character tables:
North/South America:
Europe:
Other countries:
One italic and 7 graphics character tables
One italic and 15 graphics character tables
One italic and 5 graphics character tables
Character sets:
13 international character sets
Paper
Single skeets (Paper cassette):
Size
Thickness
Weight
Input paper supply
US model: Letter (8.5 x 11 inches)
Other models: A4 (210 x 297 mm)
0.065 to 0.14 mm (0.0026 to 0.0055 inches)
64 to 90 g/m2 (17 to 24 lb)
l
Use 90 g/m2 (24 lb) paper under normal
conditions.
50 sheets for 82 g/m* (22 lb)
60 sheets for 64 g/m* (17 lb)
Total thickness of paper stack should be less than
5 mm (0.2 inches).
Single skeets (Manual insertion):
148 to 257 mm (5.8 to 10.1 inches)
Width
92 to 364 mm (3.6 to 14.3 inches)
Length
0.065 to 0.14 mm (0.0026 to 0.0055 inches)
Thickness
53 to 90 g/m2 (14 to 24 lb)
Weight
l
Use 90 g/m2 (24 lb) paper under normal
conditions.
Continuous paper:
Width
Copies
Thickness
Weight
101 to 254 mm (4 to 10 inches)
Three sheets (one original plus two copies)
0.065 to 0.25 mm (0.0026 to 0.0098 inches) total
53 to 82 g/m2 (14 to 22 lb) for one sheet
40 to 58 g/m2 (12 to 15 lb) per sheet in multi-part
forms
l
Use only two or three-part carbonless multi-part
forms and use them with the push tractor.
Appendix A-3
Technical Specifications
Single sheets (Manual insertion):
Width
148 to 257 mm (5.8 to 10.1 inches)
Length
92 to 364 mm (3.6 to 14.3 inches)
Thickness
0.065 to 0.14 mm (0.0026 to 0.0055 inches)
Weight
52 to 90 g/m2 (14 to 24 lb)
Continuous paper:
Width
Copies
Thickness
Weight
101 to 254 mm (4 to 10 inches)
Two sheets (one original plus one copy)
0.065 to 0.18 mm (0.0026 to 0.0071 inches) total
52 to 82 g/m2 (14 to 22 lb) for one sheet
40 to 58 g/m2 (12 to 15 lb) per sheet in multi-part
forms
l
Use only two-part carbonless multi-part forms and
use them only with the optional push tractor.
Note: YOU can use recycled paper under normal conditions. If you notice
increases in ribbon consumption and paper jamming, use a higher grade of
paper.
Labels:
Size
Thickness
Weight
Envelopes:
Size No. 6
No. 10
Thickness
Weight
A-4
Appendix
101 to 254 mm (4 to 10 inches) width for backing
sheet
63.5 x 23.8 mm (2 1/2x 15/16 inches) minimum for a
label
0.07 to 0.09 mm (0.0028 to 0.0035 inches) for backing
sheet
0.16 to 0.19 mm (0.0063 to 0.0075 inches) total
68 g/m2 (17 lb)
l
Use continuous type labels only with the optional
push tractor.
l
Use labels only under normal temperature and
humidity conditions.
166 x 92 mm (6.5 x 3.6 inches)
240 x 104 mm (9.4 x 4.1 inches)
0.16 to 0.48 mm (0.0063 to 0.019 inches)
45 to 75 g/m2 (12 to 20 lb)
l
Use envelopes only under normal temperature
and humidity conditions.
l
Load envelopes with the longer side inserted into
the rear slot by manual insertion only.
Technical Specifications
Note: You can use recycled paper under normal conditions. If you notice
increases in ribbon consumption and paper jamming, use a higher grade of
paper.
Labels:
Size
Thickness
Weight
Envelopes:
Size No. 6
No. 10
Thickness
Weight
A-4
Appendix
101 to 254 mm (4 to 10 inches) width for backing
sheet
63.5 x 23.8 mm (2.50 x 0.94 inches) minimum for a
label
0.07 to 0.09 mm (0.0028 to 0.0035 inches) for backing
sheet
0.16 to 0.19 mm (0.0063 to 0.0075 inches) total
68 g/m2 (18 lb)
l
Use only continuous type labels and use them
only with the push tractor.
l
Use labels only under normal temperature and
humidity conditions.
166 x 92 mm (6.5 x 3.6 inches)
240 x 104 mm (9.5 x 4.1 inches)
0.16 to 0.48 mm (0.0063 to 0.0197 inches)
45 to 75 g/m* (12 to 20 lb)
l
Use envelopes only under normal temperature
and humidity conditions.
l
Load envelopes manually, with the longer side
inserted into the rear slot.
Technical Specifications
Printable area:
Single sheets (paper cassette and manual insertion) and envelopes
B
4
printable area
J
-C
A
The minimum top margin is 8.5 mm (0.33 inches).
B
The minimum left margin is 3 mm (0.12 inches).
The minimum right margin is:
3.8 mm (0.15 inches) for the A4-size paper cassette
9.7 mm (0.38 inches) for the letter-size paper cassette
3 mm (0.12 inches) for manual insertion
However, the maximum printable width is 203 mm (8 inches).
The minimum bottom margin is 13.5 mm (0.53 inches).
C
Appendix A-5
Technical Specifications
Continuous paper
-~---------- - - - - - I- 0-
A
The minimum top and bottom margins above and below the perforation are
9 mm (0.35 inches).
B
The minimum left margin is 13 mm (0.51 inches).
The minimum right margin is 13.8 mm (0.54 inches).
The maximum printable width is 203 mm (8 inches).
Mechanical
Ribbon:
Friction (paper cassette and manual insertion)
Push tractor
Black ribbon cartridge S015047
Life expectancy: 3 million characters at
14 dots/character
MTBF:
4000 power-on hours
Print head life:
200 million strokes/wire
Dimensions and weight:
Height
Width
Depth
Paper-feed methods:
Weight
A-6
Appendix
130 mm (5.1 inches)
375 mm (14.8 inches)
252 mm (9.9 inches) without push tractor
307 mm (12.1 inches) with push tractor
4.5 kg (10 lb) without push tractor
4.9 kg (10.9 lb) with push tractor
Technical Specifications
Electrical
220 V model:
Rated voltage:
Input voltage range:
Rated frequency range:
Input frequency range:
Rated current:
Power consumption:
Dielectric strength
220-230V model:
Rated voltage:
Input voltage range:
Rated frequency range:
Input frequency range:
Rated current:
Power consumption:
Dielectric strength:
240 V model:
Rated voltage:
Input voltage range:
Rated frequency range:
Input frequency range:
Rated current:
Power consumption:
Dielectric strength:
AC 120 V
AC 103.5 to 132 V
50 to 60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
1.1 A
Approx. 30 W (during self-test printing in draft mode
at 10 cpi)
AC 1 kV rms, 1 minute or AC 1.2 kV rms, 1 second
(between AC line and chassis)
AC 220-230 V
AC 198 to 244 V
50 to 60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.6 A
Approx. 30 W (during self-test printing in draft mode
at 10 cpi)
AC 1.5 kV rms, 1 minute (between AC line and
chassis)
AC 240 V
AC 216 to 264 V
50 to 60 Hz
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
0.6 A
Approx. 30 W (during self-test printing in draft mode
at 10 cpi)
AC 1.5 kV rms, 1 minute (between AC line and
chassis)
Note: Check the label on the back of the printer for the voltage of your printer.
Appendix A-7
Technical Specifications
Environmental
Temperature: Operation:
Storage:
5 to 35°C (41 to 95°F)
-20 to 55°C (4 to 131°F)
Humidity (without condensation):
Operation:
30 to 80 % RH
Storage:
5 to 85 % RH
Safety approvals
Safety standards:
US model:
European model:
RFI:
US model:
European model:
UL1950 with D3, CSA22.2 No.220
EN 60950 (Tijv, SEMKO, DEMKO, NEMKO,
SE-H)
FCC part 15 subpart B class B
Vfg 243 (VDE 0878 part 3) EN 55022 class B
Interface specifications
Your printer is equipped with an 8-bit parallel interface.
Specifications and pin assignments
The built-in parallel interface has the following characteristics:
Data format:
8-bit parallel
Synchronization:
STROBE pulse
Handshake timing:
BUSY and ACKNLG signals
Signal level:
TTL compatible
Connector:
36-pin 57-30360 Amphenol connector or
equivalent
A-8
Appendix
Technical Specifications
The table below provides the connector pin assignments and describes their
respective interface signals.
Signal Return
Pin
Pin
Signal
Direction
Description
1
19
STROBE
IN
STROBE pulse to read data. Pulse width
must be more than 0.5 microseconds at
the receiving terminal.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
IN
These signals represent information in
the 1 st to 8th bits of parallel data,
respectively. Each signal is at HIGH level
when data is logical 1 and LOW when
it is logical 0.
1O
28
ACKNLG
OUT
About a 1 O-microsecond pulse. LOW
indicates that data has been received and
that the printer is ready to accept more
data.
11
29
BUSY
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates that the printer
cannot receive data. The signal goes
HIGH in the following cases:
1) During data entry
2) During printing
3) During an error state
12
30
PE
OUT
A HIGH signal indicates that the printer is
in a paper-out state or in an error state.
13
-
SLCT
OUT
Pulled up to 5V through 1.0 KR
resistance.
14
-
AUTO
FEED
x-r
IN
When this signal is LOW, the paper is
automatically fed one line after printing.
(The signal level can be fixed to this
by setting Auto Line Feed on in the
default-setting mode.)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
15
-
-
-
Not used
16
-
GND
-
Logic ground level
17
-
CHASSIS
GND
-
Printer’s chassis ground, which is
isolated from the logic ground
Appendix A-9
Technical Specifications
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
Signal
Description
Direction
Not used
16
32
GND
-
Twisted-pair return signal ground level.
INIT
IN
When this level becomes LOW,
the printer controller is reset to its
power-up state and the print buffer is
cleared. This level is normally HIGH;
its pulse width must be more than 50
microseconds at the receiving terminal.
ERROR
This level becomes LOW when the
printer is:
1) in a paper-out state
2) in an error state
OUT
Same as for pins 19-30.
GND
Not used
35
36
+5v
-
-
Pulled up to 5V through 1.0 KQ
resistance.
OUT
-
-
Not used
Note:
l
l
l
l
The column heading “Direction” refers to the direction of signal flow as
viewed from the printer.
“Return” denotes the twisted-pair return, to be connected at signal ground
level. For the interface wiring, be sure to use a twisted-pair cable for each
signal and to complete the connection on the return side.
All interface conditions are based on the TTL level. Both the rise and fall times
of each signal must be less than 0.2 microseconds.
Data transfer must be carried out by observing the ACKNLG or BUSY signal.
Data transfer to this printer can be carried out only after receipt of the
ACKNLG signal or when the BUSY signal is LOW.
A-10
Appendix
Technical Specifications
Interface timing
The figure below shows the timing for the parallel interface.
BUSY
ACKNLG
DATA
STROBE
Initialization
The printer can be initialized (returned to a fixed set of conditions) in three ways:
Hardware initialization
l
The power is turned on.* The printer receives an INIT signal from the parallel
interface (pin 31 goes LOW).
Software initialization
l
Software sends the ESC @ (initialize the printer)
command.
Appendix
A-11
Technical Specifications
Default settings
The table below shows the default settings that take effect when the printer is
initialized.
Default setting
Item
Top-of-form position
Current paper position or setting in the defaultsetting mode.
Page length
Single sheets: 65 lines for A4-size paper,
61 lines for letter-size paper, 22 inches for
manual insertion
Continuous paper: Subject to control panel
setting in the default-setting mode
Left and right margins
Cancelled
Line spacing
1/6-inch line spacing
Horizontal tab positions
Every eight characters
Font selection
Last font selected on control panel
Special printing effects
Cancelled (except condensed printing)
Download character set
Hardware initialization: cleared
Software initialization: deselected only
In addition, hardware initialization clears the data buffer.
A-12
Appendix
Command Summary
Sending printer commands
Most actions your printer performs are handled by your software. Software
commands instruct the printer to print in a particular typeface, feed the paper a
certain amount after printing each line, start printing on a particular place on the
page, and so on.
Some software programs let you send these commands yourself. This allows you to
enhance your text in ways that may not normally be available through the software.
For example, some word processing programs do not offer italics, but by inserting a
command in your document, you can use italics anywhere you like. The commands
your printer recognizes are listed in this command summary.
How you format commands depends on the software you are using. Some software
programs accept only the decimal format, while others let you type in ASCII
characters. (Some programs don’t let you insert printer commands at all.) In
addition, your software probably specifies certain punctuation you must use to
enter the command. If your software allows you to send commands to the printer,
the software manual should explain exactly what format and punctuation are
required.
Using the command summary
The following section lists and describes all the commands by topic. If a command
has no parameters, it is merely listed. If it has parameters, they are explained. The
parameters are indicated by lowercase italicized letters, usually II. The examples
below show how the parameters are indicated.
ESC @ is a command with no parameters.
ESC U l/0 is a command that uses 1 to turn the feature on and 0 to turn it off.
ESC K nl n2 is a command with two parameters.
ESC D nn is a command with a variable number of parameters.
Appendix
A-13
Command Summa y
Printer operation
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC @
64
40
Initialize Printer
DC1
17
11
Select Printer
DC3
19
13
Deselect Printer
ESCs1/0
115
73
Turn Half-Speed Mode On/Off
ESC<
60
3C
Select Unidirectional Mode (one line)
ESC U 1/0
85
55
Turn Unidirectional Mode On/Off
ESC 8
56
38
Disable Paper-Out Detection
ESC 9
57
39
Enable Paper-Out Detection
ESC EM n
25
19
Control Paper Loading/Ejecting
n = “R” Ejecting a sheet
BEL
7
07
Beeper
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
CR
13
OD
Carriage Return
CAN
24
18
Cancel Line
DEL
127
7F
Delete Character
Data control
Vertical motion
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
FF
12
0C
Form Feed
ESC C n
67
43
Set Page Length in Lines
n = Number of lines
A-14
Appendix
Command Summa y
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC C 0 n
67
43
Set Page Length in Inches
n = Number of lines
ESC N n
78
4E
Set Skip-Over-Perforation
n = Number of lines
ESC O
79
4F
Cancel Skip-Over-Perforation
LF
10
OA
Line Feed
ESC 0
48
30
Select l/8-inch Line Spacing
ESC l
49
31
Select 7/72-inch Line Spacing
ESC 2
50
32
Select l/6-inch Line Spacing
ESC 3 n
51
33
Select n/216-inch Line Spacing
ESC A n
65
41
Select n/72-inch Line Spacing
ESC J n
74
4A
Perform n/216-inch Line Feed
VT
11
OB
Tab Vertically
ESC B nn
66
42
Set Vertical Tabs
Up to 16 tabs entered in ascending order;
last n should be 0
ESC b c nn
98
62
Set Vertical Tabs in Channels
Same as ESC B, except that c selects a channel
for the vertical tabs, which must be between
0-7.
ESC /c
47
2F
Select Vertical Tab Channel
Horizontal motion
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC l n
108
6C
Set Left Margin
n = Left margin column
ESC Q n
81
51
Set Right Margin
n = Right margin column
BS
8
08
Backspace
Appendix
A-15
Command Summary
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC e 0 n
101
65
Set Horizontal Tab Increments
n = Horizontal tab interval in spaces
(n £ 21 at 10 cpi, 25 at 12 cpi, or 36 in
condensed modes)
ESCeln
101
65
Set Vertical Tab Increments
n = Vertical tab interval in lines
ESCfOn
102
66
Horizontal Skip
n = Number of spaces to skip
ESCfln
102
66
Vertical Skip
n = Number of lines to skip
HT
9
09
Tab Horizontally
ESC D nn
68
44
Set Horizontal Tabs
Up to 32 tabs entered in ascending order;
last n should be 0
Overall printing style
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESCxn
120
78
Select NLQ or Draft
n=l:NLQ
0: Draft
ESCkn
107
6B
Select NLQ Font
n = 0: Roman
1: Sans Serif
ESC ! n
33
21
Master Select
To find the value of n, add together the
numbers of the typestyles you want to combine
from the list below:
n = 0: 10 cpi
16: Double-strike
1: 12 cpi
32: Double-width
4: Condensed
64: Italic
8: Emphasized
128: Underline
A-16
Appendix
Command Summary
Print size and character width
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC P
80
50
Select 10 cpi
ESC M
77
4D
Select 12 cpi
SI
15
OF
Select Condensed Mode
ESC SI
15
OF
Select Condensed Mode
DC2
18
12
Cancel Condensed Mode
so
14
OE
Select Double-Width Mode (one line)
ESC SO
14
OE
Select Double-Width Mode (one line)
DC4
20
14
Cancel Double-Width Mode (one line)
ESC W l/O
87
57
Turn Double-Width Mode On/Off
Print enhancement
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC E
69
45
Select Emphasized Mode
ESC F
70
46
Cancel Emphasized Mode
ESC G
71
47
Select Double-Strike Mode
ESC H
72
48
Cancel Double-Strike Mode
ESC SO
83
53
Select Superscript Mode
ESC S1
83
53
Select Subscript Mode
ESC T
84
54
Cancel Superscript/Subscript Mode
ESC 4
52
34
Select Italic Mode
ESC 5
53
35
Cancel Italic Mode
ESC - l/0
45
2D
Turn Underline Mode On/Off
Appendix
A-17
Command Summary
Word processing
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC a n
97
61
NLQ Justification
n = 0: Left justification
1: Centering
2: Right justification
3: Full justification
Character tables
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESCtn
116
74
Select Character Tables
Selects character table n assigned by ESC ( t
n = 0, 1, 48, 49 only
ESC(tnn
40 116
2874
Assign Character Table
ESC(t3Odld2d3
Assign character table set with d2 and d3 to
table dl
dl = 0, 1,48, or 49
Character table
d2
d3
0
0
Italic
1
0
PC437
(USA)
1
16
PC437
Greek
(Greek)*
3
0
PC850
(Multilingual)
4
0
PC851
(Greek)*
5
0
PC853
(Turkish)*
6
0
PC855
(Cyrillic)*
7
0
PC860
(Portuguese)*
8
0
PC863
(Canadian-French)
9
0
PC865
(Nordic)
10
0 PC852 (East Europe)*
11
0
PC857
(Turkish)*
14
0
PC866
(Russian)*
15
0
PC869
(Greek)*
16
0 USSR GQST (Russian)*
24
0
PC861
(Icelandic)*
25 0 BRASCII (Brazilian Portuguese)**
26 0 Abicomp (Brazilian Portuguese)**
*
Available in European version only
*+ Available in North/South American
version only
A-18
Appendix
Command Summary
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC R n
82
52
Select an International Character Set
7: Spain I
n=0:USA
1: France 8: Japan
2: Germany 9: Norway
3: U.K. 10: Denmark II
4: Denmark I 11: Spain II
5: Sweden 12: Latin America
6: Italy
ESC 6
54
36
Printable Code Area Expansion
ESC 7
55
37
Enable Upper Control Codes
User-defined characters
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC & nn
38
26
Define User-Defined Characters
ESC & 0 nl n2 al dd
n1 = Code for first character (58-63)
n2 = Code for last character (58-63)
al = Use top (128) or bottom (0) 8 pins of print
head
dd = In draft mode, 1 byte is required for each
of the 11 columns of each character being
defined. In NLQ mode, 3 bytes are
required for each of the 11 columns of
each character being defined.
ESC: 0 n 0
58
3A
Copy ROM into RAM
n = 0: Roman
1: Sans Serif
ESC % n
37
25
Select User-Defined Set
n = 0: Normal set
1: User-defined set
Appendix
A-19
Command Summary
Graphics
ASCII
Dec.
Hex.
Description
ESC K nl n2
75
4B
Select Single-Density Graphics Mode
Total columns = nl + (n2 x 256)
ESC L nl n2
76
4C
Select Double-Density Graphics Mode
Total columns = nl + (~22 x 256)
ESC Y nl n2
89
59
Select High-Speed Double-Density Graphics
Mode
Total columns = nl + (n2 x 256)
ESC Z nl n2
90
5A
Select Quadruple-Density Graphics Mode
Total columns = nl + (n2 x 256)
ESC * m nl n2
42
2A
Select Graphics Mode
Total columns = nl + (n2 x 256)
Option
Alternate
code
Single-density
I
Double-density
ESC K
I
ESC L
I
Horiz. density
(dots/in.)
m
0
I
I
I
High-speed double-density*
ESC Y
2
Quadruple-density*
ESC Z
3
240
CRT I
none
4
80
Plotter (1 : 1)
none
5
72
CRT II
none
6
90
120
* Adjacent dots cannot be printed in this mode.
ESC ? s n
63
3F
Reassign Graphics Mode
s is the character (K, L, or Z) to be reassigned to
mode n (0-6)
ESC A m nl n2
94
5E
Select 9-Pin Graphics Mode
m: Print density (0 for single, 1 for double)
Total columns = nl + (7-22 x 256)
A-20
Appendix
I
120
1
I
60
Character Tables
You can select these character tables with the default-setting mode or by using a
software command.
All tables except the italic character table are the same as the PC 437 table for hex
codes 00 through 7F, so only the PC 437 and italic tables are shown completely. The
rest of the tables show only the characters for hex codes 80 through FF.
The tables with * after the table name are available in the European version only;
those with ** are available in the North/South American version only.
PC 437 (USA, standard Europe)
Appendix
A-21
Character Tables
PC 850 (Multilingual)
PC 860 (Portuguese)
89ABCDEF
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
PC 863 (Canadian-French)
/
0
BQABCDEF
c E : ?: L 101 5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A-22
fi
6
.;:
L
I
a
f
PC 865 (Nordic)
BQABCDEF
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Appendix
c
c
g
g
::<
L
A
(L
z
Character Tables
PC 437 Greek (Greek)”
PC 851 (Greek)”
T
0
0
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A
B
C
D
E
F
PC 852 (East Europe)”
0
7
,
PC 853 (Turkish)*
0
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A
B
C
D
E
F
Appendix
A-23
Character Tables
PC 857 (Turkish)*
PC 855 (Cyrillic)*
I
8
0
1
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
tjrna:L.H-
0
1
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A
B
C
D
E
F
BgABCDEF
c
$
6
1::‘:
...‘..
L
I
a
*
0
1
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
A
B
C
D
E
F
A-24
Appendix
9
fi
A
6
B
:?
C
L
D
Q
E
6
F
-
PC 866 (Russian)*
PC 861 (Icelandic)*
0
1
8
c
8
A
9
P
A
a
B
...
C
D
E
F
Character Tables
USSR GOST (Russian)*
PC 869 (Greek)*
FgABCDEF
89ABCDEF
0
1
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
^r
*c
j:..
:
L
T
f
BRASCII
(Brazilian Portuguese)**
0
1
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
-
0
1
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
t c r APapti
BC6
c
b
I I BTBT,
L Lryry\
I
- [email protected]'
I
1IIEXex\
xllxu-,
1
111
3
v
3
4:
+
HlIl~mt
B
9
A
m
1
K'bKsI
n H Jl bl f
Mfz~Ybh
H3H 9 U
OIOOIO~
II II n II
Abicomp
(Brazilian Portuguese)**
0
1
2
3
4
5
8
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
Appendix
A-25
Glossary
The following definitions apply specifically to printers. If a word is italicized, see
that topic for more information.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standardized coding
system for assigning numerical codes to letters and symbols.
bidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head prints in both directions. This increases the speed
of printing.
bit
A binary digit (0 or l), which is the smallest unit of information used by a printer or
computer.
buffer
The portion of the printer’s memory used to store data before printing it.
byte
A unit of information consisting of eight bits.
characters per inch cpi)
A measure of the size of text characters, sometimes referred to as pitch. The
printer’s default setting is 10 cpi.
character table
A collection of letters, numbers, and symbols that provides you with the characters
used in a particular language.
condensed printing
Printing in which the width of each character is approximately 60% of the width of
standard characters. Useful for fitting wide tables or spreadsheets onto a page.
continuous paper
Paper that has sprocket-feed holes on each side, is perforated between pages, and is
supplied in a folded stack. Also called fanfold paper.
control code
Special codes used to control printer functions (such as a carriage return or line
feed) instead of printing characters.
Glossary
GL-1
cpi
See characters per inch.
data dump
A troubleshooting feature that helps advanced users find the cause of
communication problems between the printer and the computer. When the printer
is in data dump mode, it prints each code it receives in hexadecimal notation and
ASCII characters.
default
A value or setting that takes effect when the equipment is turned on, reset, or
initialized.
dot matrix
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by a pattern (matrix)
of individual dots.
double-width printing
Printing in which each character is twice as wide as normal.
draft printing
One of two print qualities available on your printer. Draft uses a minimum number
of dots per character for high-speed printing. See also NLQ printing.
ESC/P
Abbreviation for Epson Standard Code for Printers. This system of commands gives
you software control of your printer from your computer. It is standard for all
Epson printers and supported by most application software for personal computers.
font
A font is a style of type designated by a family name.
form feed
A control code and control panel button that advances the paper to the next top-ofform position.
initialization
Returns the printer to its defaults (fixed set of conditions).
interface
The connection between the computer and the printer. A parallel interface transmits
data one character or code at a time, and a serial interface transmits data one bit at a
time.
GL-2
Glossary
italic
A typestyle in which the characters slant. This sentence is italicized.
line feed
A control code that advances the paper one line space.
NLQ printing
One of two print qualities available on your printer. Near letter quality provides
better readability and appearance at a reduced print speed. See also draft printing.
paper-park position
The position in which the paper is backed out of the paper path but is still attached
to the push tractor.
parallel interface
See interface.
printable area
The area of a page on which the printer can print. It is smaller than the physical size
of the page due to margins.
push tractor
A detachable device that automatically pushes continuous paper into the printer
from the loading side.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the printer’s memory used as a buffer and
for storing user-defined characters. All data stored in RAM is lost when the printer
is turned off.
reset
To return a printer to its defaults either by sending a command, an INIT signal, or
by turning the printer off and then back on.
self test
A method for checking the operation of the printer. When you run the self test, the
printer prints the characters stored in its ROM.
software program
A software program that helps you carry out a particular task, such as word
processing or financial planning.
Glossary
GL-3
subscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the normal height in
the lower part of the character space.
superscript
Printing in which each character is printed at about two-thirds the normal height in
the upper part of the character space.
tear-off
A paper feed operation that automatically feeds the perforation of continuous paper
to the tear-off position and then feeds the paper back to the loading position.
tear-off position
The position the printer feeds the paper to at the end of print job. You can change
the position in the default-setting mode so that the paper’s perforation meets the
printer’s tear-off edge or passes approximately 80 mm (3 inches) beyond the edge.
top-of-form
The position on the paper that the printer recognizes as the first printable line.
unidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head prints in one direction only. Unidirectional
printing is useful for printing graphics because it allows more precise vertical
alignment than bidirectional printing.
user-defined characters
Characters that are defined and stored in the printer by the user. Also called
download characters.
GL-4
Glossary
Index
Command descriptions are not indexed here.
A
E
Application program, see Software
Auto line feed, 3-6, 3-9, 3-14
Envelopes, 2-16, A-4
loading, 2-16
specifications, A-4
ESC/P, 1, A-13 -20
B
Back feed, 2-17 -18, 3-6,3-9,3-14
Bidirectional printing, A-2
Buffer, A-2
Buttons, 3-2, 3-3 -4
C
Cable
parallel interface, 1-11 -13
Cable clip, 1-2, 1-12
Cassette, paper, 1-3,1-9 -10
Character
fonts, 3-3, 3-5, A-3
tables, 3-6, 3-9, 3-11, 3-15, A-3,
A-21 -26
Cleaning the printer, 3-16
Clip, cable, 1-2, 1-12
Connecting the printer, 1-11 -13
Continuous paper, 2-5 -14, A-3, A-6
loading, 2-7 -9
top-of-form, 2-10, 3-6, 3-9, 3-12, 3-16
Control panel, 3-2 -4
Copy capacity, 2-17, A-3
D
Data dump, 3-4
Default
settings, 3-5 -16, A-12
setting mode, 3-5 -16
Download, A-2
Draft, 3-5, A-2, A-3
F
Fonts, 3-2, A-3
button, 3-2, 3-3, 3-5
draft, 3-5, A-3
draft condensed, 3-5
Epson NLQ Roman, 3-5, A-3
Epson NLQ Sans Serif, 3-5, A-3
lights, 3-2, 3-5
selecting, 3-5
Form length, continuous
paper, 3-6, 3-9, 3-12, A-3
Forms, multi-part, 2-17, A-3
G
Gear, 2-2, 2-10
Graphics print direction, A-2
Guide, output, 1-8
H
Help, where to get for USA users, iv
Hex dump, see Data dump
I
Initialization, A-11
Input buffer, A-2
Interface
connecting, 1-11 -13
specifications, A-8 -11
Index
IN-1
J
Jam, paper, 2-16, 3-21
L
Labels, 2-17 -18, A-4
Lever
paper-release, 2-5, 2-6, 2-12, 2-13, 2-14
LF/FF button, 3-3
Loading paper
continuous paper, 2-7 -9
envelopes, 2-16
labels, 2-17 -18
manually, 2-3 -4
single sheets, 1-8 -10
M
Maintenance, 3-16 -18
Manual loading, 2-3 -4
Moving the printer, 3-18
Multi-part forms, 2-17, A-3
N
NLQ printing, 3-5, A-2
0
Output guide, 1-8
P
Packing materials, 1-3, 3-18
Page length
continuous paper, 3-9, 3-12, A-3
manual insertion, A-3
single sheets, A-3
Paper
continuous, A-3
jam, 2-16, 3-21
single sheet, A-3
Paper cassette, 1-3, 1-9 -10
Paper guide, 2-5, 2-12
IN-2
Index
Paper-park position, 2-10, 2-13, 3-4
Paper-release lever, 2-5, 2-6, 2-12, 2-13,
2-14
Paper support, 1-9, 2-3
Parallel interface, 1-11 -13, A-8 -11
Plugging in the printer, 1-7 -8
Power supply, see Voltage
Printable area, A-5 -6
Print direction, A-2
Printer stand, 1-5
Problems, see Troubleshooting
Protective materials
replacing, 3-18
removing, 1-3
Push tractor, 2-5 -14
installing, 2-5 -6
loading paper, 2-7 -9
R
READY light, 3-2
Ribbon problems with, 3-21, 3-22
Ribbon cartridge
installing, 1-5 -7
replacing, 3-17 -18
specifications, A-6
S
Safety approvals, A-8
Safety information for UK users, vi
Safety instructions, iii - iv
Self test, 1-8 -11, 3-4
Single sheets, tips for, 2-2 -3
see also Loading paper
Skip-over-perforation, 3-6, 3-9, 3-14
Software, 1-13 -14
Special paper, 2-15 -18
Specifications, A-2 -12
Stand, printer, 1-5
Switching between
continuous and single sheet, 2-13 -14
T
Tear off, 2-11, 3-6, 3-9, 3-14
adjusting, 2-11
position, 3-6, 3-9, 3-14
Testing the printer, 1-8 -11, 3-4
Toll-free number for USA users, iv
Top-of-form position, 2-10, 3-6, 3-9,
3-12, 3-16
Tractor, push, 2-5 -14
installing,, 2-5 -6
loading paper, 2-7 -9
Transporting the printer, 3-18
Troubleshooting, 3-19 -26
Typestyles, 3-5, A-3
U
Unidirectional printing, A-2
Unpacking the printer, 1-2 -3
V
Voltage, 1-2, A-7
power supply, A-7
w
Weight, 1-5, A-6
Where USA users can get help, iv
Index
IN-3
IN-4
Index
Epson America, Inc.
20770 Madrona Avenue
Torrance, CA 90503
Printed in Japan 92.05.5A
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement