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CONTRACTOR
SAFETY
MANUAL
(Changes since last revision noted in red)
Contractor Safety Manual
Page 2 of 54
Table of Contents
Section 1 – General Requirements
Section 2 – Definitions
Section 3 – Compliance
Section 4 – Duty to Intervene
Section 5 – General Safety Requirements
Section 6 – Incident Reporting and Investigation Procedures
Section 7 – Workplace Requirements
7.1 – Professional Conduct
7.2 – Use of Site
7.3 – Firearms, Drugs and Alcohol
7.4 – Smoking and Open Flame
7.5 – Security
7.6 – Adverse Weather Conditions
7.7 – Cell Phone Use While Operating a Motor Vehicle
7.8 – Access and Egress
7.9 – Emergency Procedures
Section 8 – Safety Meetings
8.1 – Daily Tailgate Meetings
8.2 – Pre-job Meetings
8.3 – Regularly Scheduled Safety Meetings
Section 9 – Process Safety Management
Section 10 – Personal Protective Equipment
10.1 – General
10.2 – Eye Protection
10.3 – Foot Protection
10.4 – Hand Protection
10.5 – Head Protection
10.6 – Hearing Protection
10.7 – Flame Retardant Clothing
10.8 – Special Protective Clothing
10.9 – Respiratory Protection
Section 11 – Elevated Work
11.1 – General
11.2 – Fall Protection
11.3 – Personnel Lifts and Aerial Lifts
11.4 – Guard Rails and Barricading
11.5 – Portable Ladders
11.6 – Scaffolding
Section 12 – Motor Vehicle Safety
Section 13 – Hazardous Material Transportation
Section 14 – Work Zone Traffic Control
Section 15 – Forklifts and Backhoes
Rev: 3
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Section 16 – Trenching and Excavation
Section 17 – Overhead Utilities Safety
Section 18 – Hazard Communication Program
Section 19 – First Aid Requirements
Section 20 – Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene
Section 21 – Hazardous Substances
21.1 – Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM)
21.2 – Lead
21.3 – Pipe Wrap
21.4 – Hydrogen Sulfide
21.5 – Pipeline Liquids, Sludge and Powders
21.6 – Contaminated Soils
Section 22 – Electrical Safety
Section 23 – Lockout / Tagout
Section 24 – Confined Space Entry
Section 25 – Fire Prevention
Section 26 – Hot Work
Section 27 – Hot Tapping
Section 28 – Welding
Section 29 – Pressure Testing (Hydrostatic / Pneumatic)
Section 30 – Steep Grade Pipeline Installations
Section 31 – Compressed Gas Cylinders
Section 32 – Compressed Air Used For Cleaning
Section 33 – Slips, Trips, and Falls
Section 34 – Hand and Power Tools
Section 35 – Sandblasting
Section 36 – Painting
Section 37 – Cranes and Rigging
Section 38 – Drilling and Well Servicing Operations
Section 39 – Isolation and Purging of Equipment
Section 40 – Piping Systems at Well Sites
Section 41 – Pressurized Production Equipment
Section 42 – Valves and Equipment
Section 43 – Electrical Storms During Seismic Drilling Operations
Section 44 - Application of Herbicides on Company Owned or Leased Property
Section 45 – Boring Procedure using Directional Drilling when Crossing Sewer Laterals
Rev: 3
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
1.
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
Rev: 3
Page 4 of 54
This Contractor Safety Manual (Manual) contains the minimum requirements you and your
company (Contractor) shall comply with while on property owned, operated, or under the
control of Questar Corporation or any of its subsidiaries (collectively Company). It is
intended to preserve the independent contractor relationship while helping improve
contractor health and safety performance. Contractor shall ensure that any subcontractor it
uses to perform Work (defined below) on behalf of Contractor for Company meets or
exceeds these same requirements. This Manual shall be attached to and incorporated in
any agreement between Contractor and Company for Work performed for Company and
shall supplement Contractor’s own safety program. This Manual cannot address all health
and safety on-the-job circumstances; therefore, it is Contractor’s responsibility to evaluate
the specific job hazards and the health and safety requirements associated with these
activities and take any additional precautions necessary to prevent harm to persons or
damage to property or the environment appropriate for the circumstances. Notwithstanding
anything to the contrary in this Manual, any agreement between Contractor and Company,
or Contractor’s own safety program, no safety requirement shall be less stringent than the
minimum state and federal safety standards.
Contractor shall be solely responsible for the safety of its employees, subcontractors, and
agents in the performance of the Work. As a condition of doing business with Company,
Contractor is expected to have developed and must maintain effective health and safety
programs that include but are not limited to:
1.2.1.
Compliance with all applicable federal, state, tribal, and local laws, rules,
regulations, and orders of governing authority bearing on health and safety to
persons, property, or the environment and their protection from damage, injury,
or loss;
1.2.2.
Accountability for safety by management;
1.2.3.
Safety orientation and training for all workers, including new or inexperienced
workers;
1.2.4.
Documentation of safety training and safety awareness efforts;
1.2.5.
Documented safety performance reporting and monitoring;
1.2.6.
Assigned safety support responsibilities;
1.2.7.
Incident investigation and reporting to determine cause;
1.2.8.
Implementation and reinforcement of appropriate consequences to support the
safety program;
1.2.9.
As applicable, a written and enforced drug and alcohol policy that meets the
DOT’s (defined below) requirements in Drug and Alcohol Testing, 49 CFR Part
199 and Procedures for Transportation Workplace Drug and Alcohol Testing
Programs, 49 CFR Part 40, each as amended; and
1.2.10. As applicable, a written and enforced Operator Qualification Program that meets
Company-specific requirements and DOT’s requirements in 49 CFR Part 192,
Subpart N, each as amended. (Note: certain affiliates of Company add
additional requirements beyond those required by DOT.)
Nothing contained in this Manual is intended to relieve Contractor of its responsibility for
safety applicable to the Work performed for Company.
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
2.
DEFINITIONS
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
2.4.
2.5.
2.6.
2.7.
2.8.
2.9.
2.10.
2.11.
2.12.
Rev: 3
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The capitalized terms in this section shall have the meaning given them below. Capitalized
terms used elsewhere in this Manual shall have the meaning given them in that particular
section.
“CFR” means the Code of Federal Regulations.
“Company Property” means all property owned, operated, leased by, or under the control of
Company, including rights-of-way and worksites.
"Competent Person" is defined as one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable
hazards in the surroundings or working conditions that are unsanitary, hazardous, or
dangerous to workers, property, or the environment, and who has the authorization to take
prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. By way of training and/or experience, a
competent person is knowledgeable of applicable standards, is capable of identifying
workplace hazards relating to the specific operation, and has the authority to correct them.
Some regulatory standards add additional specific requirements that shall be met by
Contractor’s competent person.
“Confined Space” is a space that meets the following criteria:
2.5.1.
Is large enough and configured so that a worker can bodily enter and perform
assigned work inside;
2.5.2.
Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit (e.g., tanks, vessels); and
2.5.3.
Is not designed for continuous worker occupancy.
“Contractor” means the person or entity hired by Company to perform Work for Company,
whether on or off Company Property, including any and all employees, subcontractors,
suppliers, agents, and representatives performing any portion of the Work on behalf of
Contractor.
“Dedicated Safety Representative” is a person assigned to a worksite whose sole
responsibility on that job is to ensure compliance with safety requirements in connection
with performance of the Work. The safety representative shall be qualified to perform the
Work by education (e.g., OSHA (defined below) 40-hour course, higher education in related
field), certification (e.g., CSP, CIH), or experience. This person shall have current certified
first-aid/CPR training.
“Designated Safety Representative” is a person assigned to a worksite that is responsible
for safety, but may also have more than one role in connection with performance of the
Work. This person shall have current certified first-aid/CPR training.
“DOT” means the U.S. Department of Transportation, including its agencies.
“Exposure Limit” means concentration limits of airborne contaminants established by OSHA
termed Permissible Exposure Levels (PELs) and the American Conference of Industrial
Hygienists (ACGIH) termed Threshold Limit Values (TLVs); these levels represent the
concentration to which nearly all workers may be repeatedly exposed without experiencing
adverse health effects.
“Hazard” means a condition or inherent physical or chemical characteristic (flammability,
toxicity, corrosivity, stored chemical, electrical, hydraulic, pressurized or mechanical
energy) that has the potential for causing harm or damage to people, property, or the
environment.
“Hazardous Atmosphere” means an atmosphere that exposes workers to risk of death,
incapacitation, injury, or acute illness from one or more of the following:
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2.12.1.
2.13.
2.14.
2.15.
2.16.
2.17.
2.18.
2.19.
2.20.
2.21.
Rev: 3
A flammable gas, vapor, or mist in excess of 10 percent of its lower explosive
limit (LEL). In the case of natural gas, 10% LEL equals 0.5 % by volume.
2.12.2. An airborne combustible dust in a concentration that obscures vision at a
distance of 5 feet or less.
2.12.3. An atmosphere with an oxygen deficient concentration below 19.5 percent or
oxygen enriched concentration above 23.5 percent by volume.
2.12.4. An atmospheric concentration of any substance that exceeds an Exposure Limit
or other atmospheric condition that is IDLH.
“Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health” (IDLH) means an atmosphere that poses an
immediate threat to life, would cause irreversible adverse health effects, or would impair an
individual’s ability to escape from a dangerous atmosphere.
“Industrial hygiene” is the science or art devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation,
and control of those environmental factors (stresses) arising in or from the workplace that
may cause sickness, impaired health and wellbeing, or significant discomfort among
workers or among the public.
“Job Safety Analysis” (JSA) means a method used to identify, analyze, and record the
following:
2.15.1. The steps involved in performing a specific job;
2.15.2. The existing or potential safety and health hazards associated with each step;
and
2.15.3. The recommended actions or procedures to eliminate or reduce the hazards and
the risk of a workplace injury or illness.
“Near miss” is an incident or situation with the potential for injury or property damage that
did not occur.
“OSHA” is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
“Permit Required Confined Space” is a Confined Space that has one or more of the
following characteristics:
2.18.1. Contains or has a potential to contain a Hazardous Atmosphere;
2.18.2. Contains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrant;
2.18.3. Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped or
asphyxiated by inwardly converging walls or by a floor that slopes downward and
tapers to a smaller cross-section; or
2.18.4. Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard.
“Process Safety Management” (PSM) is the standard adopted by OSHA in Process Safety
Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals, 29 CFR §1910.119 that is applicable to
contractors performing maintenance or repair, turnaround, major renovations, or specialty
work on or adjacent to a covered process. It only applies to facilities that meet the relevant
definitions.
“Underground Facility” means any piece of equipment or apparatus buried or placed below
ground for use in connection with the storage or conveyance of water, sewage, electronic,
telephonic, or other form of electronic communications, cable television, electric energy, oil,
gas, hazardous liquids, or other substances and including, but not limited to, pipes, sewers,
conduits, cables, valves, lines, wires, manholes, and attachments.
“Work” means all services performed, and/or all supervision, labor, tools, equipment,
machinery, materials, and supplies used or provided by Contractor, on behalf of Company
pursuant to an agreement between Contractor and Company.
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
3.
COMPLIANCE
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.
3.4.
3.5.
3.6.
3.7.
4.
Contractor shall have established written safety and health programs, at or before start of
any Work, to prevent injury, illness, damage, and minimize accidents and loss to the public,
employees, workers, property, and the environment. The program shall continue to final
completion of the Work and conform to applicable laws, rules, regulations, and orders of
governing authority and generally accepted industry standards.
Contractor and its subcontractors shall be evaluated by Company on their performance and
Work practices, including but not limited to compliance with federal, state, and local health
and safety requirements as well as the requirements of this Manual. To verify compliance,
Contractor may be subject to detailed safety audits, including site visits, attendance at
Contractor’s safety meetings, and inspection of equipment, any time during the term of the
working relationship with Company.
3.2.1.
Contractor shall cooperate fully with Company’s audits and inspections.
3.2.2.
Company shall document Contractor’s safe and at-risk safety performance.
3.2.3.
The evaluation results may be used in the decision process for awarding future
Work.
3.2.4.
If Contractor’s overall safety performance evaluation is unsatisfactory and
Contractor is unwilling to demonstrate prompt and satisfactory improvement,
Company may remove Contractor from the Work, as more particularly set forth in
the agreement between Contractor and Company.
3.2.5.
Serious, willful, or repeated violations of safety requirements by Contractor may
be deemed a material breach of Contractor’s agreement and reason for contract
termination.
Contractor shall enforce safety procedures, strict discipline, and good order among
Contractor’s employees and subcontractors at any tier; fighting, horseplay, and other
unsafe behavior are prohibited. If Company reasonably determines that a particular person
does not follow safety procedures, is unfit or unskilled for the assigned Work, disregards
instructions, or jeopardizes the goodwill between Company and the public, Contractor shall
immediately replace the person upon receipt of Company’s request to do so and shall not
employ the person again on the Work.
If a safety violation is observed by Company, Company shall discuss the violation with
Contractor’s representative on the job at the time of discovery. Contractor shall promptly
implement corrective actions and establish measures to prevent a recurrence.
If in Company’s sole discretion, the Work presents a condition that is unsafe or harmful to
people, property, or the environment, Company shall have the right to suspend the Work, in
whole or in part, until the condition is corrected or terminate the Work.
Contractor shall inform Company immediately if Contractor is approached or contacted by a
regulatory inspector at any time with respect to any aspect of the Work.
Contractor shall immediately forward any citations or notices of violation incurred during the
Work to Company’s representative.
DUTY TO INTERVENE (STOP WORK)
4.1.
4.2.
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No worker is expected to work in an unsafe environment or to perform an unsafe act, and
no worker shall be penalized for refusing to do so.
Anyone who observes an unsafe action or condition in the workplace has an obligation to
intervene by taking one or all of the following actions to correct the condition or situation:
4.2.1.
Communicating concerns and asking questions;
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
4.3.
5.
4.2.2.
Notifying appropriate supervisors; and
4.2.3.
Shutting down the job, if necessary.
Contractor shall ensure that all of its employees, subcontractors, agents, and
representatives performing any portion of the Work are informed of these “stop work”
requirements.
GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
5.1.
5.2.
5.3.
5.4.
5.5.
5.6.
5.7.
5.8.
5.9.
5.10.
Rev: 3
Page 8 of 54
Contractor shall have sufficient knowledge, experience, and understanding of natural gas
workplace safety and health hazards and other regulatory requirements pertaining to the
Work to be performed.
Contractor shall perform the Work using qualified workers who are adequately trained in
the requirements of their particular jobs and skilled in the Work assigned to them.
Contractor shall provide proof of worker training or certifications to Company upon request.
Contractor shall comply with the requirements of OSHA, all other applicable federal, state,
tribal, and local laws, rules, regulations, orders of governing authority, and other project and
site-specific permits.
In cases where there is more than one method of compliance with a given safety rule,
Contractor may deviate from Company’s specified safety practices if it can demonstrate to
Company that the alternative practice provides an equal or greater margin of safety and
complies with regulatory requirements.
Contractor shall comply with any and all Company-posted requirements, information
provided by Company on site-specific hazards, or emergency response plans provided by
Company.
Contractor shall review this Manual with its employees, subcontractors, and consultants.
Contractor’s Designated or Dedicated Safety Representative shall perform frequent safety
inspections of operations, facilities, and equipment used in the performance of the Work
and participate in joint inspections and audits with Company upon request. Contractor shall
immediately address any unsafe condition, equipment, or action identified during an
inspection.
Contractor shall have a Designated Safety Representative at the worksite at all times to
ensure that appropriate safety practices are being followed. In addition to the Duty to
Intervene requirements in section 4 above, the Designated Safety Representative shall
specifically have authority to stop and correct Work that presents a serious hazard or
violation. Company reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to require Contractor to
provide one or more Dedicated Safety Representatives onsite throughout performance of
the Work. Contractor shall provide the qualifications of the proposed safety representative
to Company for review and approval upon request.
Contractor shall ensure workers comprehend job-specific safety related information,
including individuals who do not understand English and individuals who cannot read.
Contractor shall provide the information in a language, format, and vocabulary that the
workers can understand. Contractor shall use training methods, which could include use of
written translation, oral explanation, multilingual interpreters, or visual aids, intended to
ensure understanding of the information. Company reserves the right, at its option, to
suspend the applicable Work until the situation is remedied or have the applicable
individuals removed from the worksite for their safety, and Contractor shall immediately
replace such individuals with suitable replacements.
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
5.11.
5.12.
6.
6.2.
6.3.
6.4.
Following appropriate contact with emergency response agencies, Contractor shall
immediately notify Company of all incidents including, but not limited to, accidents, death,
injuries requiring medical treatment beyond first aid, industrial illnesses, vehicle accidents,
chemical spills, damage to Company Property or the environment, significant gas releases,
and significant near misses (e.g., incidents that may have resulted in serious injury, death,
or substantial property or environmental damage) at worksites or in connection with
performance of Work. Providing notice to Company does not relieve Contractor’s
responsibility to notify appropriate regulatory agencies when applicable.
Notice shall be made to Company’s onsite representative. If the representative is not
available, Contractor shall immediately call the appropriate emergency number–Questar
Gas Company (800-767-1689), Questar Pipeline Company (800-300-2025), or Wexpro
Company (800-341-3129).
Contractor shall fully investigate all incidents and shall provide Company with a written
report that identifies the contributing factors and the corrective actions that shall be taken to
prevent reoccurrence. In certain circumstances, Contractor may be required to participate
in a joint incident investigation with Company or others.
Except to cooperate with rescue personnel and to address imminent safety hazards,
Contractor shall not disturb the scene of any incident that may require investigation by
Company or a regulatory agency until authorized to proceed by Company.
WORKPLACE REQUIREMENTS
7.1.
7.2.
7.3.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall ensure that an individual who can communicate with Company’s onsite
representative in English is at the worksite at all times during the Work.
Contractor shall ensure that all applicable emergency equipment owned by the Contractor
(e.g., eye wash stations, fire extinguishers, air packs, gas monitors, first aid kits, and
stretchers) is adequate for the Work to be performed, readily accessible, in good working
condition, regularly restocked or refilled, and replaced upon the expiration date.
INCIDENT REPORTING AND INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES
6.1.
7.
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Professional Conduct:
Contractor shall conduct itself in a professional manner at all times while on Company
Property. Horseplay, practical jokes, any type of harassment, abusive or objectionable
language, or other inappropriate behavior on the job shall not be tolerated.
Use of Site:
7.2.1.
Contractor shall confine its equipment, the storage of materials, and the
operations of its workers at the worksite to areas within Company Property or as
otherwise directed by Company and shall not unreasonably encumber the
worksite with its materials or equipment.
7.2.2.
Contractor shall remove and properly dispose all of its waste materials and
rubbish from the worksite as well as removing its tools, equipment, and surplus
materials. Contractor shall at all times keep the worksite free from spilled liquids
and chemicals and shall have all appropriate spill prevention and response
materials and equipment at the worksite.
Firearms, Drugs, and Alcohol:
7.3.1.
Except for security personnel specifically authorized to carry firearms, the
possession of any dangerous weapon, (i.e. firearms, explosive devices and
knives with blades over three inches other than business tools) is strictly
prohibited at the workplace, including on any company property or in company
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
7.4.
7.5.
Rev: 3
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vehicles or equipment. This prohibition does not apply to the storing of a firearm
in an unoccupied and locked non-company vehicle (or in a locked container
attached to the vehicle) that is parked in the company’s designated parking lot,
as long as possession of the firearm is lawful and the firearm is not in plain view
from outside the vehicle. This prohibition also may be waived in unique
circumstances if approved by applicable company’s top executive and is not
applied where it would violate other federal or state laws. Except as allowed
above, employees who enter company premises with weapons (concealed or
unconcealed) in their possession are violating this policy, regardless of whether
they are licensed or permitted by law to carry such firearms.
7.3.2.
No alcoholic beverages, illegal drugs under state and federal laws, nonprescribed controlled substances, or otherwise legal, but illicitly used substances
that may impair a person’s job performance or pose a safety hazard (collectively
Prohibited Substances) shall be allowed on Company Property. Illicitly used
substances include prescription drugs obtained without proper medical
authorization for the user and prescribed drugs, over-the-counter drugs, and
other substances not being used for their intended purposes or at the intended
dosage. The only permitted possession and use of controlled substances on any
Company Property shall be prescription medicines, properly dispensed by a
licensed medical practitioner, which, in that medical practitioner’s judgment, do
not impair the person’s ability to perform the Work safely and competently.
Company may remove from Company Property any person suspected or found
to be using, under the influence of, in possession of, or selling or attempting to
sell a Prohibited Substance on Company Property.
7.3.3.
Contractor shall inform its employees, suppliers, and subcontractors before
entering Company Property that entry onto Company Property is consent to and
recognition of the authority of Company and its authorized representatives to
search the person, vehicle, and other property of individuals while entering, on,
or departing from Company Property.
Smoking and Open Flame:
7.4.1.
Smoking is prohibited in all Company buildings and areas within 25 feet of
entrance-ways, exits, air-intake systems, and open windows. Smoking includes
use of electronic cigarettes and any other heated tobacco devices.
7.4.2.
Smoking shall be allowed only in designated areas on or in the vicinity of the
worksite. Designated areas, if any, shall be determined prior to the start of Work
by Company and Contractor.
7.4.3.
Matches and lighters of any kind may not be carried within hazardous areas
(e.g., well sites, gas plants, compressor stations, meter stations, regulator
stations, valve pits, and bell holes).
7.4.4.
Smoking is prohibited within 100 feet of any worksite or area where flammable
liquids or gases may be present.
7.4.5.
Discarding matches, cigarettes (including cigarette butts), cigars, etc., from any
vehicle while on Company Property or while performing Work for Company is
prohibited.
Security:
7.5.1.
Contractor shall be responsible for its equipment and held accountable for
controlling the actions of its workers while on Company Property. Company shall
not be responsible for lost or stolen articles.
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7.5.2.
7.6.
7.7.
7.8.
7.9.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall not bring unauthorized individuals (e.g., friends, relatives, or
observers) onto Company Property.
7.5.3.
Contractor shall observe landowner requirements for site security (e.g.,
close/lock doors and gates).
Adverse Weather Conditions:
7.6.1.
When adverse weather conditions present a potential safety risk, Contractor shall
use good judgment and take appropriate action up to and including shutting
down the Work.
7.6.2.
Following a weather-related shutdown, Contractor shall conduct an inspection of
the worksite prior to resuming Work to identify any safety-related changes.
Cell Phone Use While Operating Motorized Vehicles or Equipment:
7.7.1.
Contractor shall only use cellular telephones and handheld radios when allowed
by applicable law in the state where the Work is performed, and if it is safe,
prudent, and necessary to do so.
7.7.2.
Contractor is expected to assess the risk of accepting or sending transmissions
from a cellular phone or handheld radio including, but not limited to, distraction
while driving and operating equipment.
7.7.3.
Passengers may use cellular telephones or other communication devices only if
the conversation is not a distraction to the driver or equipment operator.
7.7.4.
The use of communication and electronic devices (e.g. cell phones, pagers, twoway handheld and mobile radios, laptops etc.) shall not be allowed at Company
well sites where wire-line operations are being conducted. Exceptions may be
allowed as determined by mutual agreement between the wire-line service
contractor and the Company representative on location.
Access and Egress:
Contractor shall identify and mark egress routes from buildings, facilities, or other worksites
under its control, unless previously marked by Company, and keep them clear of
obstructions at all times. Obstructions include vehicles, equipment, trash, temporary
quarters, trenches, dirt berms, pipe, and other materials. All vehicles shall be parked in a
manner to allow unobstructed access and egress from buildings, facilities, Work areas, and
well sites.
Emergency Procedures:
7.9.1.
Contractor shall develop, implement, and enforce its own emergency response
plans for the Work for its workers and subcontractors. However, it is critical that
Contractor understand any applicable site-specific emergency procedures
provided by Company.
7.9.2.
Contractor’s emergency response plan shall include provisions covering
personal injuries, fires, explosions, and other major emergencies. Contractor
shall immediately notify Company of any emergency situation.
7.9.3.
Release of information about any emergency to the news media shall be done in
conjunction with Company and only with the sole permission of Company’s
management.
7.9.4.
Contractor shall post and/or make available all applicable ambulance, life flight,
hospital, fire, police, and sheriff telephone contacts in addition to all pertinent
Company and Contractor emergency contact names and numbers.
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
8.
SAFETY MEETINGS
8.1.
8.2.
8.3.
8.4.
9.
Daily Tailgate Meetings:
Contractor shall conduct and document a daily morning safety meeting with all applicable
workers to discuss Work activities, address any safety and health concerns for the Work to
be performed, review any near miss incidents and how they could have been avoided, and
prepare or review the appropriate Job Safety Analysis. Contractor shall provide such
documentation to Company upon request.
Pre-Project Meetings:
8.2.1.
Before beginning any Work with the potential for safety or health hazards,
Contractor shall ensure that all workers involved:
a. Understand the conditions and actions required to complete the Work safely;
b. Participate in the development or review of a Job Safety Analysis, pre-job
planning, or safety meetings;
c. Follow established worksite procedures or task-specific procedures if hazards
are specifically addressed; otherwise, use a Job Safety Analysis;
d. Review the applicable Job Safety Analysis or Work procedure at the worksite
and implement additional precautions as needed to address the conditions
and circumstances at the time the Work is performed; and
e. Communicate potential hazards to other persons affected by Work activities.
Regularly Scheduled Safety Meetings:
8.3.1.
Contractor shall conduct regularly scheduled safety meetings.
8.3.2.
Attendance shall be required by all workers.
8.3.3.
Contractor shall keep a written record of the meetings that includes date,
location, names or signatures of attendees, and topics covered.
8.3.4.
Contractor shall inform workers of factual circumstances resulting in incidents,
accidents, and near misses and discuss how to correct and prevent such
situations from recurring.
Facilities Subject to Process Safety Management (PSM)
8.4.1.
Prior to commencing Work, Contractor shall schedule a Process Safety
Management meeting with Company as required by paragraph 9.1
8.4.2.
Contractor shall schedule additional PSM meetings with new employees,
subcontractors, and others as required.
PROCESS SAFETY MANAGEMENT (PSM)
9.1.
9.2.
9.3.
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Page 12 of 54
Company shall inform Contractor if a facility is covered under OSHA’s PSM and discuss:
9.1.1.
Control of site entrance; and
9.1.2.
The potential for fire, explosion, or toxic release hazards related to the Work.
Contractor shall ensure that workers are trained to perform their jobs safely and have been
instructed in the process hazards and emergency action plans for the facility.
Contractor shall maintain documentation of worker training. Documentation shall include
worker identification, training dates, description of the training, and the means used to
verify the worker understands. Contractor shall provide the documentation to Company
upon request.
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9.5.
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Contractor shall ensure that workers follow all safety and health requirements and the safe
work practices identified in Company’s written site-specific PSM operating procedures, a
copy of which shall be provided to Contractor upon request.
Contractor shall advise Company of any unique hazards resulting from performance of the
Work at a PSM-covered facility.
10. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
10.1.
10.2.
Rev: 3
General:
10.1.1. “PPE Hazard Assessment” means the process of identifying, selecting, and
documenting appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for workplace
hazards.
10.1.2. Contractor shall conduct a job-specific PPE Hazard Assessment for all tasks that
shall be performed as part of the Work, and ensure that affected workers are
informed of the findings of the PPE Hazard Assessment.
10.1.3. Contractor shall provide, at its own expense, and enforce the use of all
appropriate PPE as determined by the job-specific PPE Hazard Assessment and
any posted Company requirements.
10.1.4. Contractor shall ensure that all workers are trained in the proper use of
applicable PPE prior to performing Work.
10.1.5. Approved hard hats, hard-toed boots or shoes, and safety glasses shall be worn
on all Company worksites.
10.1.6. All workers on Company Property shall wear a shirt and long pants. Tank tops,
sleeveless shirts, and short pants or cutoffs are not permitted.
10.1.7. Loose or floppy clothing, neck chains, loose jewelry, or loose long hair is
prohibited when working around rotating or moving equipment.
10.1.8. Rings shall be removed when working in areas where they could catch on
moving objects or sharp protrusions or come into contact with electrical circuits.
10.1.9. Clothing, including gloves, shall not be cleaned by blowing with compressed air,
blowing with compressed gases, or washing in a flammable liquid.
Eye Protection:
10.2.1. Contractor and worksite visitors shall wear approved safety glasses (ANSI Z87.1)
with side shields while performing or observing Work activities, except when
inside passenger vehicles or office areas.
10.2.2. Individuals may wear contact lenses only if used in conjunction with approved
eye-protection equipment.
10.2.3. Special-purpose eye protection (e.g., goggles) in conjunction with a face shield
may be required when working on or around energized electrical equipment;
during grinding activities; handling hazardous liquids, powders, chemicals, or
vapors; working in the immediate area where hazardous materials are being
handled; and other applicable conditions.
10.2.4. Welding hoods or pancake shields shall be used during all welding operations.
Goggles or other suitable eye protection with appropriate filter lenses shall be
used during all gas welding, gas cutting, or brazing operations. All filter lenses
and plates used in welding hoods and goggles shall meet ANSI Z87.1
requirements.
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10.2.5.
10.3.
10.4.
10.5.
Rev: 3
Welders’ helpers and entry attendants shall use proper eye protection. When not
engaged in a welding or cutting activity, safety glasses with side shields shall be
worn by welders and welders’ helpers.
Foot Protection:
10.3.1. Hard-toed boots or shoes shall be worn at all times, except while in passenger
vehicles, office areas, or control rooms.
10.3.2. All hard-toed footwear shall:
a. Comply with ANSI Z41.1 specifications and have a crush-resistant toe-box
and non-slip soles;
b. Be in good repair; and
c. Be laced or fastened.
10.3.3. Leather footwear shall be required when performing tasks that present a flash fire
or explosion hazard. (During periods of wet or inclement weather, non-leather
footwear (i.e., rubber boots or non-leather over-boots) may be used by
employees when performing tasks that do not involve direct exposure to
escaping gas.)
10.3.4. Over-the-ankle boots (minimum 6-inch height) are required for all workers
involved in construction and field activities in order to provide ankle support.
10.3.5. Electrical hazard rated footwear (e.g., non-conductive) shall be worn by workers
performing energized electrical Work as defined in NFPA 70E, “Standard for
Electrical Safety Requirements for Employee Workplaces,” current edition (e.g.,
working on or around electrical equipment operating at over 50 volts AC nominal
or 100 volts DC). The integrity of the insulated soles shall not be compromised.
See Electrical Safety section of this Manual.
10.3.6. Site visitors not performing Work may be required to wear hard-toed shoes.
Contractor shall consult with the onsite Company representative for authorized
exceptions, if any.
Hand Protection:
10.4.1. Contractor shall wear appropriate gloves when the hands are exposed to
hazards such as cuts, punctures, or abrasions (cloth, leather, or leather-palmed
gloves); when performing welding or gas cutting operations (leather gloves);
when handling chemicals or hazardous materials where absorption is a concern
(chemical resistant gloves); and when performing energized electrical Work
(gloves certified for electrical work – see Electrical Safety section of this Manual).
10.4.2. Gloves containing fibers that melt shall not be used when working in areas with
the potential for a flammable gas atmosphere.
10.4.3. Contractor shall ensure that hand protection is in good repair and is adequate for
the applicable job hazards.
Head Protection:
10.5.1. Contractor and visitors shall wear an ANSI Z89.1, Type 1 (Class E) approved
hard hat at all times at the worksite, except while in passenger vehicles, office
areas, or control rooms.
10.5.2. Hard hats shall be replaced as soon as practicable when cracked; dull in color;
appear chalky; or when the suspension is torn, not adjustable, or the attachment
lugs are broken.
10.5.3. Hard hats shall not be altered or modified (e.g., holes drilled or painted).
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10.5.4.
10.6.
10.7.
Rev: 3
Hard hat stickers shall be positioned in a manner that shall not interfere with
inspection of the shell.
10.5.5. While using Off-Highway Vehicles that are not equipped with a roll cage (e.g.,
snowmobile or all-terrain vehicle), Contractor shall wear an approved (DOT or
Snell) helmet in place of a hard hat.
10.5.6. Welders shall wear a hard hat whenever not engaged in welding activities.
Welding helmets that accommodate the use of a hard hat are recommended.
Hearing Protection:
10.6.1. Contractor shall wear approved hearing protection devices (ANSI 5.3.19, current
version) in all designated high noise areas and during operations where noise
levels may exceed 85 decibels. Exposure to impulsive or impact noise should
not exceed 140 decibels.
10.6.2. When feasible, Contractor shall identify and post noise warning signs at Work
areas that may exceed 85 decibels.
10.6.3. Contractor shall implement engineering and administrative controls to limit noise
exposure where feasible.
Flame Retardant (FR) Clothing:
10.7.1. Contractor shall wear flame retardant (FR) clothing whenever:
a. A job involves the potential for exposure to escaping flammable gas or flash
fire. Examples include, but are not limited to, the following:
i. Working around dehydration units or line heaters;
ii. Pigging operations;
iii. Changing orifice plates;
iv. Using a bar-hole probe in close proximity to an in-service gas line where
a known leak is confirmed;
v. Responding to a known outside gas leak or tear out;
vi. Changing out a gas meter without first interrupting gas service (e.g.,
meter bypass hot change, service valve hot change, or compressed
natural gas (CNG) hot change);
vii. Tank cleaning or gauging;
viii. Transferring bulk flammable liquids;
ix. Performing hot-taps, tie-ins, squeeze-offs, or fusing on hot mains (plastic
and steel);
x. Performing Hot Work (defined below);
xi. Performing gas blow down operations or line purging (including gas
sampling);
xii. Excavating near an in-service gas pipeline;
xiii. Working in a bell hole near an in-service gas pipeline;
xiv. Performing maintenance or repair activities on an in-service pipeline;
xv. Performing inspection, maintenance, or repair activities involving a
damaged or impaired pipeline; and
xvi. Working on or near energized electrical equipment with potential for arc
flash (>50 volts AC or 100 volts DC).
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10.8.
10.9.
Rev: 3
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b. Entering into a Confined Space, pit, or vault that has the potential for a
flammable atmosphere.
c. Entering any Company facility designated as an Electrical Class I Hazardous
Location (a location in which flammable gases may be present in sufficient
quantities to produce explosive or ignitable mixtures). Examples include, but
are not limited to, the following:
i. Compressor buildings;
ii. Meter stations;
iii. Regulator stations;
iv. Chromatograph buildings;
v. Valve pits;
vi. Vaults containing natural gas piping; and
vii. CNG compressor enclosures.
10.7.2. FR clothing shall meet the specifications outlined in NFPA 2112, “Standard on
Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel against Flash
Fire.”
10.7.3. FR clothing used for working on or near energized electrical equipment with the
potential for arc flash shall meet the specifications as required in NFPA 70E,
“Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace.”
10.7.4. FR clothing used for energized electrical Work (50 volts AC or 100 volts DC)
shall have a minimum arc rating of 8 cal/cm2 (HRC 2) unless otherwise specified
based on increased potential exposure.
10.7.5. Contractor shall not work in FR clothing that is heavily soiled with petroleum,
paint, or other flammable products.
10.7.6. FR clothing shall be worn as the outermost layer of clothing.
10.7.7. Contractor shall follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for laundering and
care of FR clothing.
Special Protective Clothing:
10.8.1. Contractor shall use high visibility warning vests that meet ANSI Class 2
requirements when working on a public road, pipeline, or railroad right-of-way
(e.g., construction sites, near intersections, and along roads).
10.8.2. All work conducted in on or near a road at night requires the use of high visibility
traffic vests conforming to ANSI Class 3 standards.
10.8.3. Contractor shall strictly comply with any specific requirements associated with
Work in DOT highway or railway jurisdictions.
Respiratory Protection:
10.9.1. Contractor shall only utilize respiratory protection when engineering or procedural
controls are not feasible to control respiratory hazards.
10.9.2. Contractor shall develop and maintain a written Respiratory Protection Program
that complies with OSHA regulations set forth in 29 CFR §1910.134. Workers
using respiratory protection shall be trained in its use, care, and limitations and
shall be familiar with the different types of respiratory equipment available and
which type is suitable for the Work.
10.9.3. Contractor shall ensure that its workers have been medically qualified, fit tested,
and trained as required by OSHA regulations.
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10.9.4.
10.9.5.
10.9.6.
10.9.7.
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Workers using respirators shall be clean-shaven in the face-piece seal area
during normal work hours and on-call assignments, and they shall not have facial
hair that could interfere with the function of the mask. Head coverings, glasses,
and foreign items shall be removed from the head and face before putting on a
respirator with a full-face piece.
Contractor shall inform respirator users of the respiratory hazards to which they
may be exposed.
Contractor shall ensure that filtering face piece respirators, respirator cartridges,
or filters are changed in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations
and OSHA requirements when utilizing air purifying respirators.
Contractor may only work in an IDLH atmosphere if the following conditions have
been satisfied:
a. Workers entering an IDLH environment shall be equipped with a full-face
pressure demand supplied air respirator equipped with an auxiliary air supply,
or a pressure demand self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
b. Workers using a SCBA must be trained, qualified, and fit tested in
accordance with OSHA requirements.
c. One worker, or more than one worker when needed, shall be located outside
of the IDLH atmosphere to serve as an attendant. The attendant shall
maintain communication (visual, voice, or signal line) with those who are
working in the IDLH atmosphere and shall be trained to provide effective
emergency rescue.
d. The attendant located outside the IDLH atmosphere shall be equipped with:
i. A full face piece pressure demand supplied air respirator equipped with
an auxiliary air supply, or a pressure demand SCBA; and
ii. Appropriate retrieval equipment for removing the person from a
Hazardous Atmosphere.
11. ELEVATED WORK
11.1.
11.2.
Rev: 3
General:
11.1.1. When working overhead, Contractor shall protect people below. Contractor shall
ensure that tools, materials, and equipment subject to falling from height are
adequately secured before Work is performed. Tools and materials shall be
handed up or down, but never thrown. When it is necessary to hoist tools with a
rope, exercise care to ensure the tools are securely attached to the line or loaded
into a container and there is no danger of them being dropped.
Fall Protection:
11.2.1. Definitions:
a. Fall Protection Competent Person – A person who is knowledgeable of:
i. The fall hazards at the worksite;
ii. Correct procedures for assembling, maintaining, disassembling, and
inspecting fall arrest equipment; and
iii. The operation of guardrail systems, Personal Fall Arrest Systems
(defined below), warning line systems, safety monitoring systems, and
other protection to be used.
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b. Personal Fall Arrest System – A system used to arrest a person in a fall from
a working level at height. It consists of an anchorage, connectors, and body
harness.
It may include a lanyard, deceleration device, lifeline, or
combination of these.
11.2.2. A Personal Fall Arrest System shall be worn:
a. On work surfaces greater than 6 feet in height with slopes greater than 1:3
(1 foot vertical; 3 feet horizontal slope);
b. When working on unfinished structures greater than 6 feet in height where
the work surface is without guardrails, toe boards, or gated access ladders;
c. When working on unfinished structures greater than 6 feet in height without
level, non-slip surfaces at least 144 square feet and the structural soundness
to support 1,500 pounds;
d. When working on areas within 6 feet of the edge of a work surface greater
than 6 feet in height or within 6 feet of any unguarded opening, skylight,
service duct, stairwell, or elevator shaft on a roof or unfinished level of a
structure;
e. When working along unguarded locations at the edge of a well, pit, shaft,
excavation, trench, or similar location 6 feet or more in depth when the
excavation is not readily seen because of plant growth or other visual barrier;
f. At locations 6 feet or more above dangerous equipment in operation;
g. When working within personnel lifts and man baskets;
h. When specified on a warning sign; and
i. Whenever deemed necessary by a Fall Protection Competent Person.
11.2.3. Contractor shall ensure that workers have been trained by a Fall Protection
Competent Person on fall hazards and the fall protection systems used.
11.2.4. All components of the Personal Fall Arrest System shall comply with ANSI
Z359.1.
11.2.5. Contractor shall inspect all components of a Personal Fall Arrest System before
each use and replace if necessary. Fall protection equipment that has been
subjected to impact loading shall be immediately removed from service and shall
be inspected by the manufacturer before reuse or destroyed and replaced.
11.2.6. Contractor shall ensure that components of a Personal Fall Arrest System are
free from defect such as cuts, tears, abrasions, mold, undue stretching, missing
or degraded stitching, alterations, or additions that might affect its efficiency.
Contractor shall also inspect for damage due to chemical exposure, deterioration,
distorted hooks, or faulty hook springs, loose or damaged mountings, nonfunctioning parts, wearing, or internal deterioration in the ropes or webbing.
11.2.7. Contractor shall follow the manufacturer’s recommended procedures for fitting,
adjusting, using, inspecting, testing, and caring for fall protection equipment.
11.2.8. A Personal Fall Arrest System shall not be used as a primary suspension device
for positioning, or as a retrieval system, or for transporting materials.
11.2.9. Contractor shall evaluate the compatibility of all fall arrest systems and
anchorage points prior to use.
11.2.10. Contractor shall select a suitable anchorage point that is strong enough to
support at least twice the potential impact load (minimum 5,000 pounds/person
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11.3.
11.4.
Rev: 3
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attached) of a fall; that is located to prevent contact with an obstruction in the
case of a fall; and is as vertical as possible in order to reduce swinging.
11.2.11. Contractor shall calculate tie-off distances accurately to limit a fall to a maximum
of 6 feet, considering lanyard elongation, Work position, proximity to fall area,
and the location of fall hazards. The anchorage and tie-off points should be
located to avoid obstructions in the potential fall path.
11.2.12. The availability of rescue/retrieval equipment such as ladders, man lifts, retrieval
winches, pulley rope controls, or descent devices should be identified before
undertaking activities at height.
Personnel Lifts and Aerial Lifts:
11.3.1. Only personnel lifts, man baskets, and support systems designed to ANSI A92.2,
current version shall be used. Personnel lifts and man baskets that have been
modified are prohibited unless accompanied by written permission from the
manufacturer.
11.3.2. Workers assigned to operate personnel lifts or work at elevation from a man
basket shall be trained in the safe use and the recognition of hazards associated
with their use, including the manufacturer’s operating instructions.
11.3.3. Contractor shall ensure that personnel lifts and man baskets are inspected prior
to each day's use and after any incident involving the lift.
11.3.4. Contractor shall ensure that all safety devices and operating controls are
functional on personnel lifts prior to use.
11.3.5. Contractor shall utilize a Personal Fall Arrest System with the lanyard attached to
a tie-off point located inside the platform whenever Work is performed in a
personnel lift or man basket.
11.3.6. Contractor shall ensure that workers keep feet firmly on the floor of the man
basket or lift and do not sit, climb, or position the body on the edge or rails of the
man basket or lift, including toe boards.
11.3.7. Contractor shall not position or tie off personnel lifts or man baskets against
another object or structure.
11.3.8. Contractor shall travel to the worksite with the aerial platform in the fully lowered
position.
Guard Rails and Barricading:
11.4.1. Guard rails and barricades shall be constructed, maintained, and used in
accordance with the applicable OSHA regulations and industry standards (e.g.,
29 CFR §§1910.23 and 1926.501).
11.4.2. Contractor shall provide guard rails and/or barricading for:
a. Any walkway or wall opening from which there is a drop of more than 4 feet;
b. Any open-sided working surface from which there is a drop of more than
6 feet, including trenches and excavations; and
c. Any open-sided working surface directly above moving machinery.
11.4.3. Contractor shall take walkways with missing, broken, or loose guardrails out of
service until repaired.
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11.5.
11.6.
Rev: 3
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Portable Ladders:
11.5.1. Contractor shall ensure that all workers have been trained in the proper use,
placement, care and maximum load carrying capacities of the ladders used.
11.5.2. Contractor shall inspect all ladders before use. Any damaged or unsafe ladders
shall be tagged and taken out of service.
11.5.3. Portable ladders shall be set at the correct angle. The distance from the foot of
the ladder to the structure should be equal to 1/4 the length of the ladder.
11.5.4. Workers shall keep both hands free for climbing, descending, and performing
Work on a ladder. Carrying hand tools or equipment while climbing on a ladder
is prohibited unless secured in a pocket or on a belt. Articles that are too large to
be carried in a pocket or on a belt shall be lifted and lowered by a hand line.
11.5.5. Workers shall not rush, but shall take one step at a time and face the ladder
while climbing and descending.
11.5.6. Only one person at a time shall be on the ladder.
11.5.7. Portable ladders shall have anti-slip safety feet and be secured at the top before
work begins in order to prevent the ladder from shifting. A second person shall
hold the ladder until the climber can secure it at the top.
11.5.8. Only ladders that are not electrically conductive (dry wooden ladders or ladders
with fiberglass rails) shall be used to perform electrical service Work.
11.5.9. Ladders shall extend at least 3 feet above the point of support when gaining
access to a roof or other area.
11.5.10. Contractor shall use fall protection on ladders when additional significant hazards
such as impalement, rotating machinery, or electrical shock are present.
11.5.11. Ladders shall be maintained free of oil, grease, and other slipping hazards.
11.5.12. Workers shall maintain their body’s center of gravity between the side rails at all
times while working from a ladder. In addition, workers shall avoid work from a
ladder that involves significant pushing, pulling, or any action that may dislodge
the person from the ladder.
11.5.13. The top two steps of a step ladder shall not be used as steps. This requirement
does not apply to step ladders with three steps or less or to step ladders with a
guard rail-equipped work platform at the top.
Scaffolding:
11.6.1. Scaffolds or elevated platforms shall be constructed, maintained, and used in
accordance with the applicable OSHA regulations and industry standards (29
CFR §§1910.28; 1926.451-454).
11.6.2. Contractor shall ensure that a Fall Protection Competent Person is assigned to
supervise scaffold erection, dismantling, alteration, and movement.
11.6.3. Contractor shall ensure that all scaffold materials and planking are thoroughly
inspected for defects prior to use.
11.6.4. Where there is a hazard to workers working below an elevated scaffold, toe
boards shall be in place.
11.6.5. Climbing or working from the handrail, mid-rail, or brace members of the
scaffolding is prohibited.
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12. MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY
12.1.
Contractor shall comply with the requirements of all federal, state, tribal, and local laws,
rules, and regulations pertaining to safe vehicle operation and shall only use the vehicle for
the purposes for which it was designed.
12.2. All drivers shall have a valid driver’s license for the applicable size and type of vehicle
used.
12.3. Vehicles operating on Company Property shall be equipped with:
12.3.1. One fully charged fire extinguisher;
12.3.2. One first aid kit; and
12.3.3. Two emergency reflectors.
12.4. Contractor shall train all drivers in and make use of safe driving and backing techniques.
12.5. Seat belts shall be worn by drivers and passengers at all times while the vehicle is
operating and shall be in good condition.
12.6. Contractor shall not overload trucks or other vehicles with passengers or materials.
12.7. All loads shall be properly placed and secured; projections that extend over 24 inches shall
be properly flagged with a red flag.
12.8. Natural gas meters and other sensitive electronic equipment being transported shall be
secured and handled carefully, whether being taken to the worksite or being returned to a
Company facility.
12.9. Contractor shall not allow persons to ride in the bed of a flatbed truck, dump truck, or
pickup. No one shall be allowed to ride on the top, running boards, fenders, or hood of the
vehicle.
12.10. When practical, it is recommended that vehicles be parked so they can be driven forward
when next moved. If backing, the operator shall check for potential hazards behind the
vehicle before backing. This may require the operator to walk around the vehicle or use a
spotter.
12.11. Prior to departure, the vehicle operator shall conduct a “safety circle check” by walking
around a vehicle to ensure there are no hazards that may prevent safe operation of the
vehicle.
12.12. While transporting overweight, high, wide, or long loads, Contractor shall contact the
appropriate regulatory agencies or utility companies and obtain any necessary approvals or
permits.
13. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION
13.1.
13.2.
13.3.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall strictly comply with all applicable federal, state, tribal, and local laws, rules,
regulations, and orders of governing authority regarding handling, transporting, storing, and
disposing of all hazardous materials, including but not limited to fuels, lubricants,
chemicals, fertilizers, and herbicides. Contractor shall comply with DOT regulations at all
times (49 CFR Parts 171-180 and 397).
Contractor shall immediately report any spillage of fuels, lubricants, chemicals, or
pesticides on Company Property to Company and the appropriate federal and state
agencies.
The first priority in the event of a spill is the safety of workers and the public. In the event of
a spill, Contractor shall immediately notify Company and, if safe to do so, take initial steps
to control the spill using appropriate control materials.
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13.4.
Page 22 of 54
Contractor shall maintain at the worksite appropriate materials to control spills of hazardous
substances from spreading if it is safe to do so. These materials include, without limitation,
absorbent pads, booms and skimmers, shovels, and appropriate containers.
14. WORK ZONE TRAFFIC CONTROL
14.1.
14.2.
14.3.
14.4.
If a Work activity is conducted on or near a road, Contractor shall comply with all applicable
parts of the most current DOT Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
Contractor shall provide all signs, barriers, flaggers, and other notification necessary to
protect its workers and the public from damage, injury, or loss. Barricades at public areas
(e.g., road crossings) shall have flashing lights during hours of darkness.
All work conducted in on or near a road at night requires the use of high visibility traffic
vests conforming to ANSI Class 3 standards.
If working in areas covered by state or other permits issued to Company, Contractor shall
strictly comply with the permit requirements (such as Work practices and notifications).
15. FORKLIFTS AND BACKHOES
15.1.
Contractor shall only use forklifts designed to ANSI B56.1, current version. Forklifts and
forklift attachments that have been modified are prohibited unless accompanied by written
permission from the manufacturer.
15.2. Only trained and qualified workers shall operate forklifts and backhoes. Forklift training
shall be conducted as specified in OSHA standard 29 CFR §1910.178.
15.3. Contractor shall strictly maintain all forklifts and backhoes in accordance with the
manufacturer’s recommendations.
15.4. Contractor shall not allow anyone to pass or stand under the raised portion of a forklift or
backhoe.
15.5. When a forklift is used to elevate workers in a man basket:
15.5.1. Secure the basket to the lifting carriage or forks of the forklift using chains;
15.5.2. Do not allow workers to ride in the basket during travel from one location to
another location;
15.5.3. Workers shall wear a Personal Fall Arrest System with the lanyard attached to a
structural member of the basket while working inside the basket;
15.5.4. Chock the wheels of the forklift when the basket is in use;
15.5.5. Secure all tools inside the basket while in operation; and
15.5.6. The forklift must be attended by the forklift operator when a worker is in the
basket.
15.6. The operator shall not allow any person to ride or be transported on a backhoe or forklift.
15.7. When a forklift or backhoe is left unattended, the forks and/or bucket shall be fully lowered,
controls placed in the “off” or “neutral” position, the power shut off, and the brakes set. If
parked on an incline, chock the wheels.
15.8. When operating a forklift (if so equipped) or a backhoe, wear seat belts.
15.9. At all times, follow safe speeds, load handling, turning, and other safe driving practices.
15.10. Contractor shall not allow any forklift or backhoe to be operated when it is in need of
repairs, defective, or unsafe. Such forklifts and backhoes shall be removed from service for
repair.
15.11. Contractor shall not refuel or service a forklift or backhoe while the engine is running or
when it is located near a water body.
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15.12. Contractor shall ensure loads are stable and secure before moving.
16. TRENCHING AND EXCAVATION
16.1.
16.2.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall conduct any ground disturbance or excavation in accordance with all
applicable OSHA regulatory standards, including Safety and Health Regulations for
Construction, Subpart P – Excavations, 29 CFR Part 1926 and applicable state excavation
laws.
Notification and Line Locating:
16.2.1. Before excavating, Contractor shall be responsible for notifying, as required by
law, all affected Underground Facility operators or the association organized to
receive notification (telephone number 811) of excavation activities in the area of
the proposed excavation.
16.2.2. Contractor shall provide notice at least two business days, or as otherwise
required by law, prior to any ground disturbance or excavation. Contractor shall
not begin excavation or ground disturbance work until all Underground Facilities
have been identified and marked by Company or other operator of the
Underground Facilities.
a. In the event that temporary markings are moved, damaged, or are no longer
visible, Contractor shall arrange to have the Underground Facilities remarked
before any excavation continues.
b. If the excavation exceeds the period for which the notice is valid, Contractor
shall continue to provide additional notification as required by law.
16.2.3. Contractor shall not use any power-operated or power-driven excavating or
boring equipment within 24 inches of the markings unless:
a. Contractor determines the exact location of the Underground Facilities by
excavating with hand tools or vacuum excavator to confirm that the
excavation shall not damage the Underground Facilities; or
b. Company or other operator provides Contractor with written or electronic
notice waiving the requirement.
16.2.4. Excavating or boring equipment may be used for the removal of existing
pavement if there is no Underground Facility contained in the pavement, as
marked by the operator.
16.2.5. Contractor shall verify the installation of high visibility markings of all
Underground Facilities.
16.2.6. When an excavation is within 15 feet of a high pressure pipeline (> 60 psi) or any
intermediate high pressure (IHP) pipeline designated by Company, Contractor
shall not proceed unless a Company representative is present, or in the case of a
DOT regulated pipeline, a DOT Operator Qualified (OQ) Company representative
is present, to continuously monitor excavation and backfilling activities.
16.2.7. When any contact with or damage to any Underground Facility occurs,
Contractor shall immediately notify Company or other operator of the facility and
the notification center of the location of and extent of damage to the Underground
Facility and shall cooperate with Company or other operator of the damaged
Underground Facility to mitigate the damages incurred to the extent reasonably
possible.
16.2.8. If contact with a pipeline results in escaping natural gas, or if Contractor
otherwise discovers natural gas leaking from a pipeline, Contractor shall:
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a. Turn off all machinery and vehicles in the area and prevent the use of other
sources of ignition, such as open flames or cellular phones;
b. Evacuate everyone from the endangered area and keep vehicles and
bystanders away;
c. Not attempt to make any repairs or operate any pipeline valves;
d. From a safe place, call 911;
e. Immediately notify Company’s onsite representative. If the representative is
not available, Contractor shall immediately call the appropriate emergency
number–Questar Gas Company (800-767-1689), Questar Pipeline Company
(800-300-2025), or Wexpro Company (800-341-3129). Contractor shall move
to a safe place prior to initiating the call.
16.2.9. If a natural gas line is pulled, jarred, scratched, or damaged (including any type
of coating damage), Contractor shall:
a. Stop all Work and check for signs of escaping gas;
b. Evacuate everyone from the endangered area and keep vehicles and
bystanders away because of the potential for leaking gas;
c. Immediately notify Company’s onsite representative. If the representative is
not available, Contractor shall immediately call the appropriate emergency
number–Questar Gas Company (800-767-1689), Questar Pipeline Company
(800-300-2025), or Wexpro Company (800-341-3129). Contractor shall move
to a safe place prior to initiating the call;
d. Not attempt repairs or backfill until Company has evaluated and repaired any
damage. Unrepaired damage to a natural gas line or coating shall eventually
cause a failure to occur.
16.2.10. If a locate wire associated with plastic pipe is damaged or broken, Contractor
shall:
a. Immediately notify Company’s onsite representative. If the representative is
not available, Contractor shall immediately call the Questar Gas Company
emergency number (800-767-1689). Contractor shall move to a safe place
prior to initiating the call;
16.2.11. Blasting:
a. No blasting shall be conducted unless pre-approved by Company.
Contractor shall first exhaust all other methods of excavation. Contractor
shall notify Company if Contractor believes that blasting is necessary.
Company shall determine whether blasting shall be permitted and shall
approve the length of any rock section requiring blasting.
b. Prior to the start of blasting, Contractor shall submit to Company a blasting
plan, prepared by a recognized authority on blasting. The blasting plan shall
include, at a minimum:
description of explosives used, quantity,
transportation and storage of explosives, charge size, timing, sequence,
depth, spacing, location and orientation of blast pattern in relation to existing
infrastructure and buried utilities, and time delay per charge.
c. Contractor shall comply with all federal, state, tribal, and local laws, rules,
regulations, and orders of governing authority having jurisdiction regarding
the use and storage of explosives. All necessary permits for blasting shall be
secured by Contractor and a copy given to Company. Contractor shall
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exercise utmost care and carry on blasting activities under the supervision of
properly qualified personnel.
d. Contractor shall use blasting mats to prevent the scattering of loose rock and
to prevent damage to structures. Contractor shall control blasting in close
proximity to existing buried pipelines or adjacent structures so that ground
vibrations are within the safe particle velocity as defined by Contractor and
approved by the affected owner or operator. Contractor shall exercise utmost
care to prevent damage to any underground or above-ground structures or to
springs or other water sources. (Note: blasting in proximity to existing
jurisdictional natural gas pipelines requires leak survey inspections.)
e. Contractor shall not conduct any blasting unless Company is present. Prior
to blasting operations, Contractor shall notify owners or operators of existing
buried pipelines or adjacent structures a minimum of 7 days in advance of
blasting. Company may assist Contractor in obtaining contact information of
owners or operators of existing buried pipelines or adjacent structures.
Contractor shall not proceed with blasting without the permission of owners or
operators of existing buried pipelines or adjacent structures. In the event
owners or operators of existing buried pipelines or adjacent structures
withhold permission to blast, Contractor shall notify Company, and Company
shall make the determination if the Contractor may continue with blasting.
Contractor shall take all possible precautions necessary to protect the public,
workers, property, and livestock.
16.3. Contractor shall provide a person knowledgeable in excavation and trenching work to act
as an Excavation Safety Competent Person as defined in 29 CFR §1926.650(b). This
individual shall be onsite during all trenching and excavation Work.
16.4. Contractor shall protect excavations 5 feet or greater in depth and excavations determined
to present a hazard by an Excavation Safety Competent Person from cave-ins by using an
adequate protective system (e.g., sloping, shoring, or shielding).
16.5. Contractor shall ensure that workers do not perform W ork or enter or exit the trench from
outside of the protective system provided.
16.6. Contractor shall not allow workers in a trench box when it is being installed, removed, or
moved horizontally or vertically.
16.7. Contractor shall not allow workers to step or stand on cross members installed to support
trench sidewalls.
16.8. Contractor shall locate a stairway, ladder, ramp, or other safe means of egress in trenches
or excavations that are 4 feet or more in depth so as to require no more than 25 feet of
lateral travel for workers. Egress shall not be obstructed by obstacles that cannot be
easily stepped over for escape (e.g., large diameter pipe).
16.9. Contractor shall give special consideration to the stability of the soil, which shall be
classified by an Excavation Safety Competent Person and inspected at least daily prior to
allowing workers to enter the excavation or trench.
16.10. Contractor shall ensure that the spoil pile generated during trench excavations is
maintained at a minimum distance of 2 feet from the edge of the excavation at all times.
16.11. Contractor shall ensure that standard guardrails are in place on walkways and bridges
where workers or equipment are required to cross over excavations that are 6 feet or more
in depth.
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16.12. Contractor shall take all appropriate measures to minimize the attractive nuisance caused
by open ditches, pipe, and equipment staging, including without limitation use of temporary
fencing, guard services, or other effective means.
16.1. All open ditches not actively being worked in shall be backfilled, plated, fenced, or guarded
by Contractor as necessary for public safety in accordance with permit requirements and
when directed by Company to prevent public access.
16.2. Contractor shall ensure that sufficient lighting is in place to facilitate safe operations at each
Work location.
16.3. Contractor shall ensure that a spotter is used if there are overhead power lines, Underground
Facilities, or tight working conditions at the W ork area (see Overhead Utilities section of
this Manual).
16.4. If excavation W ork interrupts the natural drainage of surface water (such as streams),
Contractor shall use diversion ditches, dikes, or other suitable means to prevent surface
water from entering the excavation and to provide adequate drainage of the area
adjacent to the excavation. Contractor shall not work in excavations in which there is
accumulated water unless precautions have been taken to protect individuals.
16.5. In excavations where there is an oxygen deficiency, flammable gases or liquids, or
where other Hazardous Atmospheres exist or may be anticipated, test the atmosphere
in the excavation before allowing workers to enter. When needed, make available
emergency rescue equipment, including a breathing apparatus and a rescue
harness and line.
16.6. Prior to backfilling, v e r i f y that equipment, materials, or other debris generated during
W ork activities have been removed from the trench.
16.7. Where the stability of adjoining buildings, walls, or other structures is endangered by
excavation operations, provide support systems (e.g., shoring, bracing, or
underpinning) to ensure the stability of such structures for the protection of workers,
except when the excavation is in stable rock or a registered professional engineer has
determined that such excavation Work s h a ll not pose a threat to workers.
16.8. Contractor shall install appropriate warning fencing, guardrails, or barricades where a Work
area hazard is accessible to public or vehicular traffic, which shall conform to the
requirements contained in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, current version.
16.9. Contractor shall adequately mark objects and equipment that project into a roadway.
16.10. Contractor shall not drive or park machinery or vehicles within 10 feet of the edge of an
excavation unless the banks are frequently inspected and confirmed to be stable.
16.11. When mobile equipment is operated adjacent to an excavation, or when such equipment is
required to approach the edge of an excavation, and the operator does not have a clear and
direct view of the edge of the excavation, utilize a warning system (e.g., barricades, hand
or mechanical signals).
16.12. Instruct all workers to remain clear of all active machinery including, but not limited to,
excavators, backhoes, frontend loaders, and side-booms. Operators shall not be allowed to
swing or lift, in any way, objects over people's heads.
16.13. All workers involved in the excavation shall remain clear of the swing radius of digging
equipment and machinery.
17. OVERHEAD UTILITIES SAFETY
17.1.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall ensure that workers are trained to recognize the hazards of working
around overhead utility lines and how to minimize the chance of contact.
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17.2.
17.3.
17.4.
17.5.
17.6.
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Contractor shall take precautions to ensure the safety of workers and ensure the integrity of
the existing overhead utility lines.
Contractor shall conduct a hazard assessment to identify and mitigate hazards prior to
working around overhead utility lines. The hazard assessment shall include the following:
17.3.1. Identifying all overhead utility lines (on or off the worksite) that may be impacted
by the Work;
17.3.2. Verifying that appropriate signage and visual warning devices are installed to
alert workers to the hazards;
17.3.3. Contacting the power company to determine the voltage present and any special
requirements;
17.3.4. Clearly marking or otherwise restraining all lifting or boom-type equipment to
show the maximum height or extension possible as measured from ground level
or to limit the maximum limit of extension, respectively; and
17.3.5. Using adequately trained and dedicated spotters at locations where equipment
and vehicles pass or work under or around utility lines.
Contractor shall implement a minimum of three layers of controls to prevent overhead utility
strikes (use of a dedicated spotter and at least two other controls) in all instances where
activities, including equipment and vehicle crossings, take place near overhead utilities.
Acceptable controls include:
17.4.1. A dedicated spotter (always required):
a. A trained employee not engaged in any other activity; and
b. Assigned to monitor and direct traffic around lines, and should use an
appropriate audible alarm (e.g., air horn) to warn the driver of potential
danger.
17.4.2. Signage that covers three parts of the view plane:
a. High – Devices used to mark the limits of danger zones (e.g., ribbons and
string, “car lot” ribbon tied to overhead goal posts);
b. Medium – Devices placed at eye level that provide warning information (e.g.,
“beware of overhead lines,” “high voltage,” and distance to conductor signs);
c. Low – Devices placed at ground level to impede the travel of unauthorized
equipment (e.g., barrels, flagging, and traffic cones).
17.4.3. Physical barriers:
Non-conductive, highly visible devices (e.g., goal posts, barricade tape) set
outside the limits of approach (limits shall vary by jurisdiction, land restriction,
and voltages) on both the coming and going away sides.
17.4.4. Proximity alarms:
Ancillary alarms affixed to equipment booms/masts that warn an equipment
operator prior to reaching the danger zone.
17.4.5. Utility controls:
Site-specific controls prescribed and authorized for use by the utility owner (e.g.,
shielding, de-energizing, bonding, insulating).
Keep all equipment attachments in the lowest possible position when traveling under
overhead utilities.
Use dry tag lines made of a nonconductive type material when working near energized
lines.
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17.7.
17.8.
17.9.
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Grounding and Bonding in the vicinity of overhead utilities:
17.7.1. Use barricades or insulation to protect workers from hazardous ground fault
situations that can develop within the first few feet or more outward from a
grounding point;
17.7.2. Ground and bond welding pipe strings at a minimum of 500-foot intervals;
17.7.3. Add temporary grounds when voltage levels of 15 volts or greater are found;
17.7.4. Perform bonding and grounding on stacked pipe;
17.7.5. Complete bonding across cut-outs and tie-ins before other work begins in the
area;
17.7.6. Install grounding mats at valve settings, cathodic test stations, cathodic rectifier
installations, and other appurtenances that have direct electrical contact to the
pipe is recommended; and
17.7.7. Perform voltage testing of all pipe, equipment, and foreign structures in the Work
areas as necessary to adequately characterize induced current hazards.
Clearance Distances:
17.8.1. When operating equipment or working near overhead lines, whether in an
elevated position or on the ground, the person on a conductive object should not
approach an unguarded and energized line closer than 20 feet unless approved
by the utility owner;
17.8.2. Equipment in transit shall lower boom, crane, or other structure whenever
possible and maintain clearance distances as follows:
a. Up to 0.75 kV = at least 4 feet;
b. 0.75 to 50 kV = 6 feet
c. 50 to 345 kV = 10 feet
d. 345 to 750 kV = 16 feet
e. 750 to 1,000 kV = 20 feet
f. Over 1,000 kV = as established by utility owner
Equipment:
17.9.1. All ladders used around power lines shall be made of non-conductive materials;
17.9.2. Grounding straps may be required on rubber-tired vehicles (project specific);
17.9.3. Drag chains may be required as electrical grounds for rubber-tired construction
equipment (project specific);
17.9.4. Do not perform refueling activities within 50 feet of a power transmission line
unless a more stringent distance is specified by the utility owner, which shall
govern;
17.9.5. Use only non-conductive chokers, slings, and lifting devices during material
handling activities;
17.9.6. Keep materials bonded at all times when transporting conductive loads, (e.g.,
pipe, air compressor, pumps) in the proximity of high voltage lines.
18. HAZARD COMMUNICATION PROGRAM
18.1.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall develop and maintain a written Hazard Communication Program that
complies with OSHA regulations (29 CFR §1910.1200). Contractor shall ensure that
workers are trained on the regulations and informed of the hazards associated with
chemical and petrochemical products required to perform the Work.
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18.2.
18.3.
18.4.
18.5.
18.6.
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Contractor shall maintain a chemical inventory list of all hazardous substances and shall
have a copy of the manufacturer’s Safety Data Sheet (SDS) readily available for any
quantity of chemical used by Contractor in performing the Work.
Contractor shall properly store all hazardous materials in clearly marked, appropriate
containers in secure areas to prevent damage, vandalism, or theft. Contractor shall
regularly inspect containers for signs of deterioration and shall replace deteriorating or
damaged containers immediately.
Label all hazardous materials with the name of the material, the hazards associated with its
use, and necessary precautions to be taken. Contractor shall require that all workers read
the labels to become familiar with the products being used.
Where contact or exposure to hazardous materials could exceed OSHA Permissible
Exposure Limits or could otherwise have harmful effects, Contractor shall use appropriate
PPE, such as gloves, goggles, aprons, chemical-resistant clothing, and respirator. Avoid
unnecessary contact with hazardous materials.
Contractor shall provide the following information or materials to workers prior to
commencement of any Work with the potential for exposure to hazardous substances:
18.6.1. A description of the purpose, function, and operation of the facility;
18.6.2. A description of inherent hazards associated with facility operation and
procedures established to prevent injury and illness to workers;
18.6.3. A list of applicable chemical compounds used at the facility;
18.6.4. Copies of the manufacturer’s Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for chemicals that
Contractor may encounter; and
18.6.5. Appropriate safety equipment required for completion of the Work.
19. FIRST AID REQUIREMENTS
19.1.
19.2.
19.3.
19.4.
An individual qualified in first aid and CPR must be onsite at all times during performance of
the Work. Contractor’s first aid resources shall meet all applicable regulatory requirements
and be available during all aspects of the Work. This includes qualified first aid and CPR
cardholders, emergency medical equipment, and transportation for the treatment of any
sick or injured workers.
Provide readily available first aid kits meeting ANSI Z308.1 at the worksite. The contents of
the kit shall be adequate for the size of the worksite. Contractor shall be responsible for
determining the appropriate medical supplies.
Where the eyes or body of any person may be exposed to corrosive materials, provide
suitable resources for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body within the work area
for immediate emergency use.
Contractor shall train workers to utilize PPE such as latex gloves, eye protection, and
protective CPR ventilation devices to avoid exposure to blood and/or body fluids.
Contractor shall comply with all applicable requirements of OSHA’s Blood Borne Pathogen
standard set forth in 29 CFR §1910.1030.
20. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE
20.1.
20.2.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall be aware of occupational health hazards that may be encountered at the
worksite (e.g., chemical exposures, noise, radiation, heat, and cold).
Where the potential exists for exposure to hazardous substances, Contractor shall conduct
exposure monitoring as required by regulation or as otherwise deemed appropriate.
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20.3.
20.4.
20.5.
20.6.
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Provide all workers exposed to physical agents such as ionizing or non-ionizing radiation,
ultraviolet rays, noise, or other physical agents with adequate shielding or protection
appropriate for the type of exposure involved.
Radioactive sources used in performing the work are potentially dangerous. Contractor
shall comply with all federal, state, tribal, and local laws, rules, regulations, and orders of
governing authority regarding the use and handling of radioactive sources.
Where potential exposure to ionizing radiation sources exists, workers shall wear dosimetry
badges. Periodically monitor radiation sources using a Geiger counter or other similar
device. Perform swipe sampling or other types of monitoring when required under the
circumstances. Only appropriately trained workers shall conduct such monitoring.
Contractor shall ensure the fitness of its workers to perform their job functions. This
requires supervisors to be alert to such impairments as fatigue, physical disability,
emotional state, and hours worked, which may only be noticed by closely working with or
supervising workers.
21. HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
21.1.
21.2.
21.3.
Rev: 3
Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM):
21.1.1. NORM may be present in the scale that forms on equipment used in the
production of oil and gas. It may also be present in pipeline sludge or in
produced waters. NORM is naturally occurring in the earth and is brought to the
surface during producing operations. Workers may be exposed to possible
external or internal radiation. When NORM is present, Contractor shall control
external exposure by implementing appropriate controls (e.g., limiting exposure
time, increasing distance from source, and shielding). Internal hazard occurs
when airborne radioactive materials are inhaled, ingested, or enter the skin
through open wounds. Contractor shall minimize these hazards by properly
wearing an approved respirator, by practicing good personal hygiene, and by
protecting wounds and cuts. Contractor may also wet loose material with water
to prevent inhalation.
21.1.2. Contractor shall ensure that workers working with NORM are trained in the
hazards associated with NORM and the procedures to avoid inhalation or
ingestion whenever there is a potential for exposure.
Lead:
21.2.1. Lead may be present in various abrasives used for abrasive blasting, and in
paints and coatings on above-ground facilities and structures.
21.2.2. Abrasives which contain lead are prohibited from use on Company facilities.
21.2.3. Contractor shall ensure that all workers who may be exposed to lead are properly
trained, monitored for exposure, medically evaluated (when necessary), and that
engineering controls and PPE are utilized to prevent exposure above the
Exposure Limit.
21.2.4. Contractor shall comply with all requirements of the applicable OSHA lead
standards (29 CFR §1926.62 or 29 CFR §1910.1025); as well as any other
applicable federal, state, tribal, or local laws, rules, regulations, and orders of
governing authority.
Pipe Wrap – Asbestos and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs):
21.3.1. Definitions applicable to this section:
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21.3.2.
21.3.3.
21.3.4.
21.3.5.
21.3.6.
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a. Friable – Means any material containing more than one percent asbestos and
that when dry, can be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand
pressure. Breaking pipe wrap into pieces does not necessarily cause it to
become friable. Non-friable pipe wrap can become friable if power tools are
used to remove it; if it is cut, sawn, ground, or abraded; or if it becomes
pulverized into a powder. Pipe wrap subjected to weathering may also be
friable.
b. Intact – An OSHA designation for asbestos-containing material that has not
crumbled, been pulverized, or otherwise deteriorated so that the asbestos is
no longer likely to be bound with its matrix.
i. Pipe wrap that has been separated into pieces during removal or repair is
not considered to be non-intact solely because the wrap has been cut,
sliced, pried, or otherwise separated into smaller units for the purpose of
removal.
ii. Use of power tools (e.g., abrasive blasters, power grinders, sanders, or
saws), or other measures that abrade or pulverize pipe wrap may cause it
to become non-intact and are not allowed.
c. Pipe Wrap Competent Person – A person capable of identifying hazards
associated with asbestos and PCBs, and having the authority to take prompt
corrective measures to eliminate such hazards.
Contractor shall assume that all Somastic® and coal-tar pipe wrap contains
asbestos unless instructed otherwise by Company. Contractor shall also assume
that all coal-tar pipe wrap contains PCBs unless otherwise instructed by
Company.
Contractor shall be responsible for the proper removal, transport, and disposal of
all pipe wrap. This includes pipe sections that are removed from the ground with
the pipe wrap intact, as well as pipe wrap that is removed from the pipe by
Contractor.
Contractor shall handle, transport, and dispose of all pipe wrap in accordance
with applicable federal, state, tribal, and local laws, rules, regulations, and orders
of governing authority, including without limitation OSHA Safety and Health
Regulations for Construction, 29 CFR §1926.1101; 40 CFR Part 61; 40 CFR Part
761; and 49 CFR Parts 10-199. If state, tribal, or local laws are more stringent
than federal laws, the more stringent requirements shall take precedence.
Contractor shall only use disposal and recycling facilities designated and preapproved by Company. Contractor shall be responsible for contacting the
designated disposal facility to determine local disposal requirements and to
schedule delivery.
Contractor shall document actual disposal of the
asbestos/PCB waste by providing Company with a non-hazardous waste
manifest or a disposal certificate and/or a receipt from the designated landfill.
Workers removing pipe wrap shall be trained prior to performing the work and
shall be re-trained on an annual basis. At a minimum, the training shall cover the
following elements:
a. Applicable sections of the OSHA Asbestos Standard for Construction as
specified in 29 CFR §1926.1101(k)(9)(viii);
b. Methods of recognizing asbestos and PCB-containing pipe wrap, including
the requirement to presume that all pipe wrap contains asbestos and that
coal-tar pipe wrap contains PCBs;
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c. Proper work practices to be used during pipe wrap removal;
d. The health effects associated with asbestos and PCB exposure;
e. The relationship between smoking and asbestos in producing lung cancer,
and the availability of smoking cessation programs;
f. The proper use, fitting instructions, and limitation of respirators;
g. Medical surveillance program requirements; and
h. The requirement for affixing labels to sections of coated pipe and bagged
pipe wrap destined for a disposal facility.
21.3.7. A worker designated as a Pipe Wrap Competent Person shall receive additional
training on the following:
a. Methods of determining the presence of asbestos- and/or PCB-containing
pipe wrap;
b. The circumstances and activities that may cause pipe wrap to become friable;
c. Understanding and interpreting air monitoring data;
d. Understanding a negative exposure assessment; and
e. The requirement to immediately stop Work if at any time the person
determines that pipe wrap has become friable.
21.3.8. If state, tribal, or local laws, rules, regulations, or orders of governing authority
regarding employee training, certification, and/or work practices are more
stringent than federal laws, the more stringent requirements shall take
precedence.
21.3.9. Contractor shall employ the work practices and procedural controls identified in
29 CFR §1926.1101(g)(11). All removal or disturbance of pipeline coal-tar wrap
shall be performed manually, using wet methods. Power tools, such as grinders,
shall not be used.
21.3.10. Contractor shall assign a Pipe Wrap Competent Person to the Work who shall:
a. Be present during all pipe wrap removal operations and inspect the pipe wrap
prior to and during removal to ensure that it remains intact and is non-friable;
b. Take prompt corrective measures as necessary to ensure compliance with
procedures outlined in this Manual; and
c. Inspect pipe wrap prior to and during removal to ensure that it remains intact.
Only pipe wrap determined by the Pipe Wrap Competent Person to be intact
shall be handled and removed in accordance with the procedures outlined in
this Manual.
21.3.11. The Pipe Wrap Competent Person shall immediately stop Work, evacuate the
area, and contact Company if at any time he or she determines that pipe wrap
has become non-intact or friable (e.g., crumbled, pulverized, reduced to a
powder, or otherwise deteriorated to the point where it is likely that the asbestos
fibers are no longer bound in the tar matrix). Under these circumstances,
Company shall complete the applicable regulatory notifications and pipe wrap
removal shall be completed by a certified asbestos abatement contractor.
21.3.12. At a minimum, Contractor shall comply with the following Work practices during
pipe wrap removal:
a. Expose the pipe, taking care to minimize disturbance of the pipe wrap.
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b. If the Work requires that the pipe be supported or lifted, utilize appropriately
rated straps or slings to carefully lift the pipe. Care should be taken to
minimize abrasion of the wrap and to capture dislodged pieces. Do not use
steel chains, hooks, cables, or similar devices on the portion of the pipe that
is covered with pipe wrap.
c. Using amended water (soapy water), thoroughly wet the area of pipe wrap
that shall be removed. A brush, spray bottle, or hand sprayer should be
used. Continue to wet the wrap during the removal process.
d. Place plastic sheeting underneath the area where pipe wrap shall be
removed in order to capture the dislodged wrap.
e. Shrink wrap the entire area to be removed using 10 to 12 wraps around the
circumference of the pipe, then secure both ends of the shrink wrapped areas
with duct tape. Shrink wrapping is not required for pipe ≤ 2-inches in
diameter, and pipeline appurtenances that are not feasible to wrap.
f. Using a utility knife, scraper blade, chisel, or similar tool, score all the way
through the shrink wrap and the pipe wrap around the circumference of the
pipe along the inside edge of the duct tape on both sides of the area to be
removed. In this context, score means to slice with a smooth edge, not cut
with a saw tooth or friction cutting tool.
g. Disbond the wrap from the pipe by hitting the pipe wrap through the shrink
wrap with a mallet around the circumference of the pipe. Score along the top
edge of the pipe through both the shrink wrap and pipe wrap, then scrape the
loosened wrap from the surface of the pipe.
h. Remove the coating from the shrink wrapped surface using hand tools (e.g.,
mallet, hammer, or scraper) to dis-bond and remove the pipe wrap. Never
use power tools (e.g., abrasive blasters, power grinders, pipe benders,
sanders, or saws), or other measures that might abrade, pulverize, or
otherwise make the wrap friable or non-intact.
i. Remove only as much pipe wrap from the pipe as is necessary to perform the
task at hand.
j. Clean all hand tools (e.g., hammers and scrapers) used during the pipe wrap
removal process by wet wiping or other equally effective method.
k. Gather the plastic sheeting, folding it inwards to contain the pipe wrap
removed during the maintenance or repair activity, and place in double
bagged polyethylene plastic disposal bags along with all other asbestos
containing wastes generated during the operation, including PPE. Plastic
bags shall be heavy duty (6 mil plastic, at least). Each bag shall be tightly
sealed using duct tape.
l. Bags containing pipe wrap shall be pre-printed or labeled with the following
warning information:
DANGER
Contains Asbestos Fibers
Avoid Creating Dust
Cancer and Lung Disease Hazard
CAUTION
May Contain PCBs
(Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
Rev: 3
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
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21.4.
21.5.
Rev: 3
Page 34 of 54
21.3.13. Contractor shall mark bags and containers to indicate the date on which the pipe
wrap was removed from the ground. Contractor shall transport the wrap to a
disposal facility that has been pre-approved by Company within 30 days of
removal.
21.3.14. Scrap pipe covered with pipe wrap shall be hauled by Contractor to a Company
approved disposal facility or pipe recycling facility with the wrap intact whenever
possible. Before transporting, Contractor shall use plastic sheeting and duct tape
to secure loose wrap that may become dislodged during transport. Trucks
hauling asphaltic pipe wrap and/or pipe sections shall be totally enclosed or
covered during transport.
21.3.15. Pipe sections covered with asphaltic wrap destined for storage prior to disposal
or recycling shall be individually wrapped by Contractor in plastic and sealed
tightly with duct tape (burrito wrapped). Contractor shall mark the pipe sections
to indicate the date of removal from the ground and shall transport them for
disposal or recycling within 30 days of removal.
21.3.16. Pipe sections destined for recycling (not stored) shall be individually wrapped by
Contractor in plastic and sealed with duct tape (burrito wrapped) prior to
transport.
Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S):
21.4.1. Workers entering locations where H2S may be present shall be trained to
understand the properties and toxicity of H2S and shall know how to protect
themselves and others in case of emergency, and comply with applicable
Company procedures pertaining to H2S.
21.4.2. Contractor shall ensure that portable H2S monitors (set to alarm at 10 ppm or
lower) are worn by workers when entering an area where H2S may be present in
the atmosphere.
21.4.3. Contractor shall provide and ensure that workers utilize appropriate respiratory
protection and other PPE when entering into an area where H2S may be present
in the atmosphere.
Pipeline Liquids, Sludge, and Powders:
21.5.1. Inorganic arsenic, inorganic mercury, benzene, and iron sulfide may be present
in pipeline liquids, sludge, and powders.
21.5.2. Workers shall be trained to understand the properties and toxicity of these
substances and how to protect themselves.
21.5.3. Contractor shall identify and provide appropriate gloves, protective clothing,
respirators, and other PPE necessary to prevent worker exposure.
21.5.4. Contractor shall immediately notify Company whenever unexpected pipeline
liquids, sludge, or powders are encountered. Company shall characterize these
substances and establish disposal requirements.
21.5.5. Contractor shall comply with all applicable local, tribal, state and federal laws,
rules, regulations, and orders of governing authority pertaining to worker
exposure assessments, and handling and disposal of the above-referenced
compounds. These regulations include, but are not limited to, the following:
a. Toxic Substance Control Act (40 CFR Part 761);
b. OSHA Inorganic Arsenic standard (29 CFR §1910.1018);
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21.6.
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c. OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits (29 CFR §1910.100, Table Z-2); and
d. OSHA Benzene standard (29 CFR §1910.1028).
21.5.6. Contractor shall only use disposal and recycling facilities designated and preapproved by Company. Contractor shall be responsible for contacting the
designated disposal facility to determine local disposal requirements and to
schedule delivery. Contractor shall document actual disposal of the waste by
providing Company with a non-hazardous waste manifest or a disposal certificate
and/or a receipt from the designated landfill.
Contaminated Soils:
21.6.1. Contractor may encounter contaminated soils from a variety of sources while
excavating for pipeline construction and maintenance activities. Examples
include: historic mine tailings containing heavy metals (e.g., lead and arsenic),
petroleum from underground storage tank releases, and various solvent
contaminated soils (e.g., perchloroethylene).
If contaminated soils are
encountered, Contractor shall immediately stop Work and contact a Company
representative for further instruction regarding soil handling and disposal options.
21.6.2. Contractor shall ensure that all workers who may be exposed to contaminated
soils are properly trained, monitored for exposure (when necessary), medically
evaluated (when necessary), and that engineering controls and PPE are utilized
to prevent exposure above Exposure Limits.
22. ELECTRICAL SAFETY
22.1.
22.2.
22.3.
22.4.
Rev: 3
Qualified Person – A designated worker who has the skills and knowledge related to the
construction and operation of the electrical equipment and installations to be worked, and
has received training to recognize and avoid the hazards involved. Usually, this is a
licensed electrician or someone with certain equivalent experience and training. A person
can be “qualified” to work with certain equipment and methods and still be “unqualified” for
other work.
Contractor shall perform all electrical Work in accordance with the current editions of
applicable federal, state, tribal, and local laws, rules, regulations, and standards including,
but not limited to:
22.2.1. National Fire Protection Association Publication (NFPA) 70E, “Standard for
Electrical Safety in the Workplace,” current edition;
22.2.2. National Electrical Code (NEC), current edition;
22.2.3. Electrical, 29 CFR Part 1910, Subpart S;
22.2.4. Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution, 29 CFR §1910.269;
22.2.5. The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout), 29 CFR §1910.147; and
22.2.6. Electrical Protective Equipment, 29 CFR §1910.137; and
22.2.7. American Petroleum Institute, RP 500, “Recommended Practice for Classification
of Locations for Electrical Installations at Petroleum Facilities Classified as
Class I, Division I and Division 2,” current edition.
Hazardous electrical Work, as defined by NFPA 70E, shall only be performed by a
Qualified Person using proper PPE.
All electrical equipment used on Company Property shall be listed by an approved testing
laboratory for the specific application. All electrical installations shall conform to the
National Electrical Code, current edition.
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
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22.5.
22.6.
22.7.
22.8.
22.9.
22.10.
22.11.
22.12.
22.13.
22.14.
22.15.
22.16.
22.17.
22.18.
22.19.
Rev: 3
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Installation of electrical systems or modifications to electrical systems shall be done under
the supervision or direction of a licensed electrician.
Contractor shall ensure that workers near overhead power lines know the voltage of the
line and the safe approach distance.
Contractor shall be aware of, and take precautions to prevent, the build-up of static
electricity in areas with a potential Hazardous Atmosphere.
Contractor shall implement the following work practices to minimize the possibility of
creating static electricity or other ignition source in the presence of hydrocarbons or other
flammable/combustible liquids:
22.8.1. Containers – Only use metal buckets (handles should also be metal) for
collecting hydrocarbons or other flammable/combustible liquids. The metal
bucket shall have direct metal contact using a bonding cable to the nozzle or fill
pipe from which the liquid is discharged. The nozzle and fill pipe shall also be
metal. Slowly discharge the liquid into the bucket to maintain a low velocity and
minimize amount of static electricity generated.
22.8.2. Tanks – Ground metal storage tanks. All workers shall ground their bodies by
taking hold of a grounded metal surface, such as a steel walkway, before
opening a gauge hatch on a tank.
22.8.3. Tank/Vacuum Trucks – During the loading and unloading of hydrocarbons or
other flammable/combustible liquids, ground tank/vacuum trucks using a bonding
cable to the storage tank before the transfer line is connected. Disconnect the
transfer line before the bonding cable is disconnected.
Contractor shall discuss the presence of cathodic protection systems with Company when
working with tanks or piping and request that Company deactivate such cathodic protection
during performance of the Work.
Whenever possible, a Qualified Person (as defined in NFPA 70E) shall discharge all stored
electrical energy and shall verify that equipment is de-energized and proper
Lockout/Tagout (LO/TO) procedures have been implemented prior to beginning electrical
Work.
All power lines shall be considered energized unless proper measures have been taken to
de-energize.
All electrical tools and equipment shall be grounded or double insulated.
Use ground fault circuit interrupters on all 120 volt, single phase 15 and 20 ampere
construction receptacle outlets along with an assured equipment grounding conductor
program.
Take damaged or defective tools out of service.
Tampering with or unauthorized repair of electrical tools or equipment is prohibited.
Temporary lighting used in damp and/or hazardous locations shall be intrinsically safe or
operated at a maximum of 12 volts.
Temporary lighting shall have guards over the bulbs.
Cover and label energized wiring in junction boxes, circuit breaker panels, and similar
places.
Identify circuit breaker switches as to what they control.
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23. LOCKOUT/TAGOUT (LO/TO)
23.1.
Contractor shall ensure compliance with all requirements of OSHA’s LO/TO standard
(Control of Hazardous Energy, 29 CFR §1910.147). Contractor shall also develop written,
site-specific energy control procedures to prevent inadvertent equipment activation.
23.2. Contractor shall coordinate all joint LO/TO activities with Company.
23.3. Contractor shall ensure that its workers are adequately trained in LO/TO and applicable
energy control procedures.
23.4. LO/TO energy control procedures shall be followed prior to work on any equipment or
process where stored energy or the unexpected energizing of equipment could cause injury
to a worker. Potential energy sources include electrical, mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic,
thermal, chemical, natural gas, and all forms of potential and stored energy.
23.5. Repairs, maintenance, or alterations shall not be made on equipment in operation. All
equipment shall be shut down and a LO/TO device placed in a manner that the equipment
cannot be accidentally started.
23.6. Contractor shall ensure that a briefing is conducted with all workers affected by a LO/TO
operation before each shift, and more frequently if warranted by personnel changes or
changes in the scope of Work. The briefing should include the following items:
23.6.1. The specific equipment or process involved, along with any related equipment;
23.6.2. The estimated length of time required to complete the task;
23.6.3. The hazards involved in performing repairs or maintenance, including the
potential hazards to workers if the equipment or process is prematurely
energized; and
23.6.4. A review of the site-specific energy control procedure.
23.7. To ensure the machine or equipment has been properly locked out of service prior to
starting any Work, a Qualified Person shall attempt to turn on the power source to verify
that the machine or equipment does not become energized.
23.8. Before LO/TO devices are removed and energy restored to machines, equipment, or
facilities, proceed as follows:
23.8.1. Inspect the Work area to ensure that nonessential items, such as tools, have
been removed and that machine, equipment, or facility components are
operationally intact.
23.8.2. Check the Work area to ensure that all workers have been safely positioned or
removed and notified that LO/TO devices are being removed and that machines,
equipment, or facilities shall be energized.
23.9. A LO/TO device shall be removed from the energy isolating point by the worker who
applied the device.
23.10. LO/TO energy control procedures are not required for the following operations:
23.10.1. Minor tool changes, adjustments, lubrication, and other minor servicing activities
that take place during normal operations if they are routine, repetitive, and
integral to the use of the machine, equipment, or facility for production, provided
that the work is performed using alternative safety measures that provide equally
effective protection.
23.10.2. Hot tap operations involving transmission and/or distribution pipeline systems,
provided that Company determines that continuity of service is essential or
shutdown of the system is impractical.
Rev: 3
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23.10.3. Work on cord- and plug-connected electrical equipment where hazardous energy
is controlled by unplugging the equipment from the source and the worker
performing the task has exclusive control of the plug.
24. CONFINED SPACE ENTRY
24.1.
24.2.
24.3.
24.4.
24.5.
24.6.
24.7.
24.8.
24.9.
Confined Spaces include, but are not limited to:
24.1.1. Storage tanks, process vessels, boilers, and other tank-like compartments,
usually with only a manhole for entry;
24.1.2. Open-topped spaces of more than 4 feet in depth such as pits, vaults, sumps,
trenches, tanks, vessels, large valve boxes, and large electrical pull boxes not
subject to good natural ventilation; and
24.1.3. Septic tanks, sewers, underground utility tunnels, pipelines, and similar
structures.
Guard openings to spaces below grade with a temporary barrier in order to prevent falls
into the Confined Space.
Workers who are expected to enter, work in, or work around a Confined Space shall be
trained in and comply with the Confined Space entry requirements found in the OSHA’s
Confined Space standard (29 CFR §1910.146).
Contractor shall assess hazards specific to the entry, develop hazard control measures,
and provide for emergency rescue of workers.
Contractor shall have a documented entry plan or an equivalent permit approval. Only
workers trained in Confined Space entry, monitoring, and rescue procedures shall conduct
Confined Space entries.
Contractor shall post signs indicating, “DANGER – Confined Space – Entry By Permit Only”
or similar wording, unless already posted.
Prior to work or entry into a Permit Required Confined Space, Contractor shall complete a
Confined Space entry permit. The permit shall be approved by Contractor’s supervisor and
site-specific hazards shall be discussed with the entrant prior to entrance. Provide one or
more trained persons to act as an attendant whenever work is performed within a Confined
Space.
Contractor shall coordinate entry activities with Company when both Company and
Contractor are working in or near Permit Required Confined Spaces.
Contractor shall ensure all Confined Spaces are tested for oxygen content, flammability,
and any potential toxic air contaminants.
25. FIRE PREVENTION
25.1.
25.2.
25.1.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall supply fire suppression and protection equipment appropriate to the Work
being performed and the jurisdiction in which the Work is performed. At a minimum, all
vehicles at the worksite shall be equipped with an appropriately sized fire extinguisher.
ABC-type extinguishers are recommended for all Company worksites.
Fire extinguishers shall be readily available, properly inspected, tagged, and sealed, and
workers shall be trained in their use.
Contractor shall comply with all applicable laws, rules, and regulations of the governing
authorities concerning the use, prevention, and suppression of fires. Heavy equipment
shall not to be used for fire suppression outside the limits of the pipeline right-of-way
without prior approval of the appropriate governing authority unless there is imminent
danger to life or property.
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Contractor’s vehicles and auxiliary engines on the worksite shall be in a safe operating
condition and shall have an exhaust system in good operating condition (e.g., manifold,
muffler, and tail pipe).
25.3. Each internal combustion engine shall be equipped with a spark arrester unless it is:
25.3.1. Equipped with a turbine-driven exhaust supercharger;
25.3.2. A multi-position engine, such as a chainsaw that must operate in accordance
with applicable codes;
25.3.3. A passenger vehicle or light truck equipped with a factory designed muffler and
exhaust system in good working condition; or
25.3.4. A heavy truck or other vehicle used for heavy hauling, equipped with a factorydesigned muffler and with a vertical stack exhaust system extending above the
cab.
25.4. In prairie and forested areas, Contractor shall have appropriate fire-fighting equipment
onsite as determined by permit and/or the local governing authority. Appropriate
equipment may include, but is not limited to, a water truck with spray bar/nozzles and fire
extinguishers. In the event of a forest or prairie fire, Contractor may be required to provide
trained workers and equipment to aid in fire-fighting efforts.
25.5. When handling flammable materials, smoking, open flames, and electric arcs are
prohibited.
25.6. Shut down all combustion engines before fueling.
25.7. All welding or use of acetylene torches shall be done in an area that has been cleared of
flammable material. When required by governing authority or Company, Contractor shall
provide each welder with a helper to overlook the Work and extinguish any flame started by
a hot welding spark. Each helper shall be equipped with a fire extinguisher and a shovel.
25.8. Dispose of rags saturated with combustible materials in proper containers with labels.
25.9. Flammable liquids, such as gasoline, kerosene, and fuel oil, shall be transported and stored
only in appropriate metal containers with labels.
25.10. Fire-fighting equipment shall not be altered, tampered with, or blocked. All workers shall be
familiar with the location of the portable fire extinguishers and emergency response plan,
including fire alarms.
25.11. If a fire cannot be immediately and easily extinguished with portable fire extinguishers,
workers shall evacuate the area rather than try to fight the fire. All workers who are not
trained and designated to fight fires shall immediately evacuate the area at the first sign of
fire or initiation of the fire alarm and are prohibited from using an extinguisher.
25.2.
26. HOT WORK
26.1.
Rev: 3
Definitions Applicable to This Section:
26.1.1. Class I Location (Electrical) – A location in which flammable gases or vapors are
or may be present in the air in sufficient quantities to produce explosive or
ignitable mixtures (e.g., compressor buildings, meter stations, regulator stations,
chromatograph buildings, valve pits, and vaults containing natural gas piping).
26.1.2. Hot Work – Any activity having the potential to cause ignition of a flammable,
combustible, or explosive material that is either present in the Work area or
located within hazardous proximity to the Work area. Hot Work includes, but is
not limited to, the following:
a. Open flames;
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26.2.
26.3.
Rev: 3
Page 40 of 54
b. Metal cutting with oxygen/acetylene torch;
c. Grinding operations where sufficient heat is generated to ignite flammable or
combustible materials;
d. Soldering;
e. Brazing;
f. Heat applied coatings;
g. Welding (electrical arc or oxygen/acetylene);
h. Operations that may create static electricity (e.g., sandblasting);
i. Space heating;
j. Operations involving energized equipment where electrical arcing may occur,
including AC and DC powered tools, equipment and electrical devices that
are not intrinsically safe, non-incendiary or explosion proof; and
k. Operation of a vehicle or equipment in a confined area where the presence of
flammable gases or vapors exists or may be present.
26.1.3. Hot Work Permit – A permit issued whenever Hot Work is performed outside of a
Safe Hot Work Area. The permit is only valid until a crew change occurs, the
work shift ends, or the job is completed, whichever occurs first. Emergency
conditions automatically cancel the permit.
26.1.4. Hot Work Permit Area – An area located within 50 feet of a Hot Work operation
and containing any of the following:
a. Potential flammable vapor sources (e.g., wellheads, drains, pressure relief
devices, vents, sample points, process vessels, storage tanks);
b. Flammable or combustible materials; or
c. A facility designated as a Class I Location.
26.1.5. Safe Hot Work Area – An area that has been determined not to contain
uncontrolled flammable or combustible materials (solid, liquid or gas), nor is there
any possibility that flammable or combustible materials could be present during
the Hot Work.
When feasible, Contractor shall move the object of the Hot Work to a Safe Hot Work Area.
Where relocation is impracticable, combustibles located within the Hot Work Permit Area
shall be relocated, protected with flameproof covers, or otherwise shielded with metal or
noncombustible guards or curtains.
Contractor shall ensure that the worksite is properly prepared for any anticipated Hot Work.
Site preparation shall comply with other applicable sections of this Manual (e.g., LO/TO,
Confined Space Entry) and may include, but is not limited to, the following:
26.3.1. De-energizing, locking, and tagging out all energy sources;
26.3.2. Disconnecting, blinding, depressurizing, plugging, ventilating, flushing, or
otherwise cleaning as needed to ensure that no Hazardous Atmosphere shall be
introduced or created by subsequent Work;
26.3.3. Ensuring that heat conduction and/or heat radiation cannot occur through walls,
roofs, pipes, etc. and ignite nearby flammable or combustible materials;
26.3.4. Ensuring that all flammables and/or combustibles are removed from the Hot
Work Permit Area or are suitably covered or wetted;
26.3.5. Covering drains, expanded metal flooring, and holes or cracks in flooring or
ground with fire resistant coverings when falling sparks or slag may be present;
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26.3.6.
26.4.
26.5.
26.6.
26.7.
26.8.
Rev: 3
Barricading and posting warning signs in areas directly below Hot Work where
sparks and/or slag may fall; and
26.3.7. Obtaining and positioning appropriate firefighting equipment and protective gear.
When there is a potential for a Hazardous Atmosphere, Contractor shall continuously
monitor the atmosphere around the area where Hot Work shall be performed for adequate
oxygen content, explosive atmosphere, or other potential hazards to workers.
26.4.1. If at any time an LEL reading of ≥ 10% is obtained, Contractor shall immediately
stop Hot Work.
26.4.2. Monitors shall be functioning properly and shall be calibrated in accordance with
the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Hot Work shall not be permitted under any of the following conditions:
26.5.1. In the presence of an explosive atmosphere (mixtures of flammable gases,
vapors, liquids, or dusts with air) or where such atmospheres may develop (e.g.,
greater than 10% of the LEL);
26.5.2. Where ignition can be caused by heat conduction (e.g., on metal walls,
structures, or pipes in contact with flammable liquids on the other side);
26.5.3. In areas where large quantities of exposed, readily ignitable materials are stored;
26.5.4. When wind conditions are such that sparks could be carried to combustible or
flammable materials, or vapors from these materials could be carried to an
ignition source; or
26.5.5. When appropriate firefighting equipment is not readily available at the worksite.
Contractor shall use a dedicated fire watch whenever Hot Work operations are performed
at locations where a fire might reasonably develop. Fire watch workers shall:
26.6.1. Have fire-extinguishing equipment readily available and be trained in its use;
26.6.2. Be familiar with the type of work, location, or facility and be able to sound an
alarm in the event of a fire;
26.6.3. Watch for fires in all exposed areas;
26.6.4. Only attempt to extinguish a fire when doing so is within the capacity of the
equipment available; otherwise, evacuate the area and sound an alarm (if
available); and
26.6.5. Maintain the fire watch for at least 30 minutes following the completion of Hot
Work operations to detect and extinguish possible smoldering fires.
A fire watch is not required for Hot Work operations involving only the use of electrical
equipment.
Contractor shall ensure that a daily briefing for each Hot Work Permit is conducted with
each worker who shall be involved in the Hot Work task in order to discuss:
26.8.1. Specific Hot Work hazards associated with the facility, location, or operation;
26.8.2. How the Hot Work shall be accomplished;
26.8.3. Duties and responsibilities as a member of the Hot Work operation;
26.8.4. The safety procedures that shall be observed;
26.8.5. The exit routes from the Hot Work Permit Area; and
26.8.6. Any other pertinent information, including coordination with other work in the
immediate area.
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26.9.
Contractor shall provide adequate ventilation when Hot Work may cause the release of
toxic fumes or gases. All electric ventilation equipment shall meet Class I requirements.
26.10. Contractor shall ensure that no welding, cutting, or other Hot Work is performed on used
drums, barrels, tanks, or other containers until they have been cleaned so that there are no
flammable liquids, gases, or materials present, such as greases, tars, acids, or other
materials that when subjected to heat might produce flammable or toxic vapors. Any
pipelines or connections to the drum or vessel shall be disconnected or blanked, and all
hollow spaces, cavities, or containers shall be vented to permit the escape of air or gasses
before preheating, cutting, or welding. Purging with inert gas is recommended.
26.11. Contractor shall ensure that any fixed fire suppression systems have not been impaired. If
one or more of the systems must be taken out of service to accomplish the Hot Work,
Contractor shall make additional portable or fixed fire protection equipment available at the
worksite.
27. Hot Tapping
27.1.
27.2.
27.3.
Hot Tap – A procedure used to avoid the interruption of natural gas service during repair,
maintenance, or service activities on pressurized piping to install connections or
appurtenances.
Contractors conducting Hot Tapping Work shall ensure that all workers are qualified and
competent as defined in 49 CFR 192.627.
Contractor shall comply with the procedures outlined in Company’s Standard Practice 2-3202, “Hot Tapping High Pressure Gas Pipelines.”
28. Welding
28.1.
28.2.
28.3.
28.4.
Contractor shall ensure that all welders are qualified in accordance with applicable codes
(e.g., 49 CFR 192.225) and Company procedures.
Welders shall inspect all equipment prior to use and ensure equipment has not been
modified and is used in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Suitable flashback/check valve devices shall be installed on hoses to prevent reverse gas
flows on gas welding equipment.
Contractor shall comply with the procedures outlined in Company’s Standard Practice 2-1001, “Welding on Steel Pipelines.”
29. Pressure Testing (Hydrostatic/Pneumatic)
29.1.
29.2.
29.3.
29.4.
Rev: 3
Prior to pressure testing a pipeline that has previously been in service, contact Company’s
Environment Health & Safety Department (801-324-3466), which shall determine if the
inside surfaces are contaminated with a toxic, combustible, or flammable material (e.g., Iron
oxide, iron sulfide, condensate) that requires removal prior to testing.
Contractor shall implement and maintain a safety plan for all field pressure testing and shall
take appropriate measures to keep persons not required for test operations out of the
testing area, particularly during any period when test pressures reach the maximum
allowed.
Contractor shall consider the forces that would be present if any portion of the system failed
while filling, under test, depressurizing, or dewatering. Contractor shall also consider the
potential for water hammer, leakage of isolation valves, variable system pressures, fill and
dewatering pig velocity changes, and other site-specific conditions.
During pressure testing activities, Contractor shall post warning signs, such as DANGER–
HIGH PRESSURE TESTING IN PROGRESS, at the test site.
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Page 43 of 54
When testing in a populated area, a public relations campaign (e.g., warning signs,
barricade tape, lights, and/or security guards) may be required to inform and protect the
public from hazards associated with testing activities. Contractor shall also comply with all
requirements outlined at 49 CFR 191.505.
29.6.
Prior to commencing testing operations, Contractor shall inspect and confirm that test
heads and other test equipment are in good working condition and meet working pressure
requirements.
29.7. Contractor shall confirm that the following conditions are checked prior to testing:
29.7.1. There are no Victaulic™ or equivalent coupled lines or fittings that are subject to
test pressure.
29.7.2. Fill lines are adequately restrained and able to contain initial water pack
pressure.
29.7.3. Manifolds and other facilities are properly installed and shall be adequately
protected from damage in the event that violent failures or water surges occur.
29.7.4. Methods of isolating facilities being tested from test equipment and pumps are
adequate.
29.7.5. Dewatering discharge lines are properly restrained, cribbed, or anchored.
29.8. Contractor shall not tamper with or tighten any fittings (e.g., connections, bolts, hoses)
while component is under any pressure.
29.9. Contractor shall not tighten connections that are under pressure. If a leak develops,
depressurize to a safe level and then re-tighten.
29.10. Contractor shall maintain a safe distance between facilities that are being tested and the
workers conducting the test (a minimum of 100 feet is recommended). The safe distance
may be increased and the temperature probe, manifold, pressure recorders and
deadweight gauge may have to be set back further than 100 feet due to potential
projectiles or extreme volume/pressure.
29.11. Contractor shall restrict access to the immediate area involving the pressure test (e.g., test
shelter, manifolds, pressure pumps, instruments) to only those workers actively engaged in
the testing operation.
29.12. Personnel performing the test should approach the pressurized line only in the performance
of their duties. Where possible, personnel should use safety barriers for protection from the
pressurized line and position the testing equipment in such a manner so as to minimize
employee exposure to potential hazards.
29.13. Contractor shall be aware of freezing temperatures that could cause water-filled sensing
lines to freeze and give incorrect readings.
29.14. Verify that test equipment and materials are rated to withstand the test pressures.
29.15. Verify that all supply lines and hose connections are secure with retaining devices before
and during the test.
29.16. Visually inspect and ensure soundness, proper installation, and valve positioning of all
equipment used.
29.17. Prior to pressure testing, all backfill shall be complete, except a minimum amount of pipe
may be exposed as necessary for final tie-in.
29.18.
Rev: 3
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29.19. Contractor shall inspect and x-ray all temporary welds on test headers subject to test
pressures.
29.20. Contractor shall install open vent valves at the appropriate time when stored energy can be
isolated and/or trapped between two points such as valves, skillets, etc.
29.21. When using a pressure relief valve (pop-off valve), Contractor shall set it to a pressure
just above the maximum test pressure to ensure that the pipeline and testing equipment
d o not exceed the maximum pressure ratings.
29.22. When bleeding the pressure from a section of the line, Contractor shall use extreme caution
and ensure that vent lines are adequately anchored (especially elbows or fittings changing
the direction of gas flow). Slowly bleed pressure following a test.
29.23. Always verify that complete depressurization has occurred through the use of pressure
gauges and visible checks.
29.24. Monitor the atmosphere for safety during any blow down, bleed off, or depressurization.
29.25. During the initial planning stage of a de-watering operation, Contractor shall analyze the
existing and temporary piping system to identify the pressure associated with fluids and
other forces that could adversely affect the integrity of the pipeline or the stability of the
drainage and its components.
29.26. Contractor shall securely support and tie down dewatering lines at the discharge end to prevent
uncontrolled movement during dewatering. Contractor shall restore and reclaim any areas
where erosion or scarring is caused by test water discharge.
30. Steep Grade Pipeline Installations
30.1.
30.2.
30.3.
30.4.
30.5.
30.6.
30.7.
30.8.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall identify steep grade installation locations on each project.
Contractor shall minimize use of equipment on steep grades. The use of secondary access
roads (if available) shall be used for routine movement around steep grades when feasible.
Contractor shall formulate a site-specific steep grade work plan (plan) based upon
identified conditions and shall ensure that all affected workers are aware of the plan’s
requirements. If circumstances (e.g., weather events, equipment, personnel) change
during the Work, Contractor shall stop the Work, modify the plan to address the new
circumstances, and communicate the changes to all affected workers.
Contractor’s onsite supervision shall have sufficient knowledge and experience of steep
grade installation processes to ensure that the Work is performed safely. Contractor shall
select only qualified, experienced, and competent crew members to perform steep grade
Work. All workers must be properly trained and knowledgeable on the items listed in the
plan.
Side-boom tractors utilized for steep grade applications shall be equipped with short booms
to maximize stability. Contractor shall instruct equipment operators to carry the pipe and
maintain a boom position that maximizes stability of the machine and pipe.
Contractor shall equip dozer tractors with 1.25-inch high-grade cable with open spelter
socket ends on the winch cable. All connection points shall meet or exceed 100% of the
cable strength.
Contractor shall use 1.5-inch high-grade cable with machined eyes for slings utilized in
aiding equipment or pipe up or down the steep grade.
All nylon slings utilized in aiding and stabilizing the pipe up or down the steep grade shall
have a capacity rating exceeding the weight of the pipe. Contractor shall secure the nylon
sling to prevent slippage and place softeners to protect against abrasive edges.
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30.9.
Equipment operators shall conduct a thorough inspection of all equipment, cables, and
accessories in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations each shift prior to
beginning Work or more frequently as warranted by Work conditions. All deficiencies
identified shall be repaired or new equipment shall be procured prior to commencing Work.
30.10. Contractor shall utilize hands-free communication devices for all steep grade installations.
The foreman shall direct the Work from a safe location, allowing only necessary
communications to occur. All personnel utilizing the communication devices shall be
trained on the use, care, and storage of the devices. Contractor shall inspect and test
communication devices prior to beginning Work to ensure operational capabilities. All
deficiencies identified shall be repaired or new communication devices shall be procured
prior to commencing Work.
30.11. Contractor shall attempt to complete Work from the top of a steep grade working down the
grade when applicable.
30.12. No workers or equipment shall be allowed in the “line of fire” below the operation.
Contractor’s Designated or Dedicated Safety Representative (or other assigned individual)
shall be present to ensure that all workers stay clear and assist in monitoring the entire
operation.
31. COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS
31.1.
31.2.
31.3.
31.4.
31.5.
Contractor shall properly label, handle, store, transport, and inspect all cylinders to ensure
compliance with regulations and industry standards.
Place protective caps over the cylinder valves when not in use or when the cylinders are
being transported by any means. Store cylinders in the upright position and secure to a
stationary object or structure.
Keep cylinders away from heat, fire, molten metal, and electrical lines. Contractor shall not
use cranes to transport cylinders unless a special carrier is used.
Contractor shall not operate acetylene or liquid gas cylinders in a horizontal position
because the liquid may be forced out through the hose and cause a fire hazard or
explosion.
Separate oxygen and acetylene cylinders by 25 feet or a 5-foot high fire wall when in
storage.
32. COMPRESSED AIR USED FOR CLEANING
32.1.
32.2.
Compressed air used for drying or cleaning shall be limited to 30 psig by a pressure
regulator or pressure-reducing nozzle, as specified in OSHA’s standard set forth in 29 CFR
§1910.242.
Contractor shall not direct compressed air toward a person for any reason. When using
compressed air for cleaning in a dry and dusty situation, Contractor shall, at a minimum,
wear protective eye goggles, gloves, and a dust filter for respiratory protection.
33. SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS
33.1.
33.2.
Rev: 3
Worksites and other areas where people may walk shall be kept clean and orderly.
Contractor shall not leave tools, debris, or other objects on the floor, decking, or other
areas where they present hazards during performance of the Work or after Work is
completed.
Contractor shall immediately clean up oil spills and slippery spots. Extra precautions shall
be taken when walking on steel decking during wet/icy weather and/or under oily
conditions.
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
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33.3.
Page 46 of 54
Contractor shall not walk on piping or take dangerous shortcuts, and Contractor shall avoid
jumping from elevated places.
34. HAND AND POWER TOOLS
34.1.
34.2.
34.3.
34.4.
34.5.
Contractor shall appropriately place tools so as to not cause a hazard while in use. Hand
and power tools shall be kept in good condition with guards kept in place without
modification. Guards are required on hand grinders and hand buffers. Remove defective
tools from service or repair by a qualified repair person.
Contractor shall ensure that grinder wheels are properly rated for the speed of the grinder.
Contractor shall use hand tools for their intended purpose and in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
Fuel-powered tools shall not be used inside of a building or excavation without adequate
ventilation or vented exhaust.
Shut off all fuel-powered tools while being refueled.
35. SANDBLASTING
35.1.
35.2.
35.3.
35.4.
35.5.
35.6.
35.7.
35.8.
Contractor shall assume that all paint coating removed by sandblasting operations contains
lead unless instructed otherwise by Company. When applicable, workers performing
sandblasting operations shall comply with all elements of OSHA’s Lead standards (29 CFR
§§1910.1025 or 1926.62).
Contractor shall wear appropriate respiratory, eye, face, hearing protection, and other
applicable PPE.
When clothing is contaminated with lead, do not remove dust by blowing or shaking.
Contractor shall dispose of lead-contaminated clothing in accordance with applicable
federal, state, tribal, and local laws, rules, regulations, and orders of governing authority.
Contractor shall only use abrasives that contain less than 1% free crystalline silica and do
not contain heavy metals (e.g., lead, arsenic, cadmium, or chromium).
Collect spent abrasive blasting materials generated during the removal of lead-based paint.
The use of plastic ground sheeting and/or the construction of containment barriers is
recommended. The use of air pressure or water stream that may redistribute the spent
blasting material is prohibited.
Contractor shall erect vertical shrouds or suspend work if constant wind speeds exceed 15
mph, or if there is visible movement of debris beyond the Work area.
Check all hoses every day for leaks and signs of wear.
Contractor shall equip blasting nozzles with a cut-off device (dead man’s switch).
36. PAINTING
36.1.
36.2.
36.3.
36.4.
36.5.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall address the potential hazards associated with painting operations
including, but not limited to, inhalation of toxic vapors or spray mist and fire hazard due to
solvents in the paint.
Contractor shall ensure that workers wear appropriate respiratory protection and eye
protection when applicable.
Contractor shall be aware of and eliminate ignition sources at the worksite.
When applicable, Contractor shall provide ventilation (either mechanical or natural) to keep
the worksite atmosphere less than 10% Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) and the oxygen (O2)
content greater than 19.5%.
Contractor shall not use natural gas as a substitute for air during spray painting operations.
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37. CRANES AND RIGGING:
37.1.
37.2.
37.3.
37.4.
37.5.
37.6.
37.7.
37.8.
37.9.
37.10.
37.11.
37.12.
37.13.
37.14.
37.15.
Rev: 3
The swing radius of all cranes shall be protected to prevent workers from being struck by
the counterweight.
For the purposes of this section, “rigging” means any combination of rope, wire rope, chain,
sling, sheave, hook, and associated fittings used in a hoisting operation.
Wire rope, alloy steel chain, metal mesh, synthetic fiber rope, and synthetic fiber web slings
shall meet the requirements of ASME B30.9-1990.
Slings shall be of sufficient strength to withstand the imposed loads, with minimum safety
factors as required by regulation.
Only trained and qualified workers shall operate mobile cranes, side boom lifts and gin pole
trucks. Operators of mobile cranes with a lifting capacity greater than 2,000 pounds must
be certified. Contractor shall perform all Work utilizing cranes in accordance with OSHA’s
standards set forth in 29 CFR §1910.179 and 29 CFR Part 1926, Subpart CC. Contractor
shall strictly maintain all cranes and gin pole trucks in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations.
Only trained and qualified workers shall perform rigging and signaling tasks.
Prior to conducting a lift, Contractor shall ensure the crane is on firm ground and within the
degree of level specified by the crane manufacturer.
Cranes shall maintain a 10-foot clearance from all overhead power lines.
Prior to conducting a critical lift as defined by Company, Contractor shall establish and
implement a task-specific lifting plan.
All workers shall be clear of a load before it is picked up and shall remain clear at all times.
Workers should face the crane, side boom lift, or gin pole truck in full view of the crane
operator and/or signal man. Workers, including those holding the tag line, shall never be
under suspended loads or go between the load and other objects where they may be
trapped or crushed.
The crane operator shall not leave the controls while a load is suspended.
Use non-conducting tag lines to control all suspended loads. Chains or steel cables are not
acceptable. Tag lines shall be attached before a load is lifted.
37.12.1. If tag lines are impractical during final positioning of the load, exercise caution to
ensure that no part of the person’s body guiding the load is between the load and
other objects where they may be trapped or crushed.
37.12.2. No attempt to guide a load shall be made with the tag line wrapped around a
hand or waist.
A signalman shall be used if the crane operator does not have full view of lifting operation.
Where practical, the use of radios or other communication equipment is also
recommended. The crane, side boom lift, and gin pole operator shall respond only to
signals from the signalman, but shall obey a stop signal from anyone at any time.
The crane, side boom lift, and gin pole operator shall inspect lift lines, rigging, slings, and
crane and gin pole fittings/fasteners daily when in use or prior to each lift and replace if
necessary. The equipment shall be properly rated for the intended load and certification
tags attached to all slings. All wire rope clamps shall comply with OSHA’s standards set
forth in 29 CFR §1926.251. Wire rope shall not be secured with knots.
The operator shall inspect all cranes and gin pole trucks prior to use. Cranes shall be load
marked per OSHA’s standards set forth in 29 CFR §1910.179 and 1926 Subpart CC. In
addition, cranes shall have the most recent inspection records posted in the cab. All
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
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37.16.
37.17.
37.18.
37.19.
37.20.
37.21.
37.22.
37.23.
37.24.
37.25.
37.26.
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deficiencies found with safety devices and operational aids shall be corrected before using
the crane.
Operational procedures and load charts shall be available in the cab of the crane.
Contractor shall not use a crane to pull a load sideways.
A crane boom shall not be used as a ladder for walking, except for necessary maintenance
of the boom and its components.
When not in use, Contractor shall keep the crane boom or gin pole mast in the cradle,
when feasible.
For rigging, Contractor shall not use a chain when it is possible to use a wire rope.
Contractor shall determine the load weight before rigging it, and Contractor shall not
exceed the safe working load of any equipment.
Before being unhooked, Contractor shall safely land and properly block all loads.
Contractor shall not shorten wire rope slings and chain by tying knots in them or by
wrapping them around the crane hook. Contractor shall cover or blunt protruding ends of
strands in splices on slings.
Contractor shall protect slings from sharp edges by blocking or protective pads. When
multi-leg slings are used, Contractor shall evenly load each leg of the sling.
Contractor shall remove kinked wire rope slings from service. Keep wire rope lubricated
and free from corrosion.
All hooks shall be of the approved safety hook type to prevent slings from being
accidentally released by the hook. Contractor shall not use job or shop hooks and links, or
makeshift fasteners formed from bolts, rods, or other such attachments.
All hooks, running ropes, and hoist chains shall be inspected regularly and before each use
to ensure that they are in good working condition.
38. DRILLING AND WELL SERVICING OPERATIONS
38.1.
38.2.
38.3.
38.4.
38.5.
38.6.
38.7.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall install and test derrick guy lines and ground anchors in accordance with
the manufacturer's specifications.
On drilling or well service derricks where there is a risk of the primary escape line route
being blocked or otherwise compromised, Contractor shall provide an auxiliary means of
escape through the installation of a properly designed and installed auxiliary escape line.
Any device used to attach safety lines to the derrick shall have a breaking strength equal to
or greater than the combined breaking strength of all lines attached to it.
Workers shall wear appropriate PPE when working with or adding chemical to the chemical
pot on the boiler or anytime a potentially harmful chemical is being handled.
Contractor’s third-party rig manager/tool pusher shall be experienced and have the
appropriate training required to oversee exploration, drilling, and well servicing activities.
The rig manager/tool pusher shall have a current well control certification.
Contactor shall contact Company prior to depressurizing lines or vessels to determine if
any site-specific safety procedures are required. Hazards may include exposure to
petroleum hydrocarbon liquids and gases, release of liquids and gases (toxic and/or
flammable) to the environment, and fire.
Contractor shall hold a pre-job safety meeting before a derrick is raised or lowered. The rig
manager/tool pusher or other Competent Person shall make a pre-lift or lowering inspection
of all equipment associated with the derrick raising or lowering operation. Once a derrick is
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
38.8.
38.9.
38.10.
38.11.
38.12.
38.13.
38.14.
38.15.
38.16.
38.17.
38.18.
Rev: 3
Page 49 of 54
raised, a Competent Person shall visually check the derrick for proper setup and to ensure
derrick is properly secured.
The rig manager/tool pusher or a Competent Person shall be present and in charge of the
telescoping, raising, or lowering of a derrick.
When a mast section is being hoisted, Contractor shall only attach rigging to designated
lifting points on each section of the derrick.
Except for the rig operator at the controls, no worker shall be on or beneath the derrick
during telescoping or while raising or lowering of the derrick.
Contractor shall equip diesel engine-powered equipment being placed within 75 feet of a
wellhead or an active oil and gas facility with a positive air shutoff. Contractor shall install
the air shut off in such a manner that it is immediately available to the equipment operator.
Contractor shall test the draw-work brakes on drilling or service rigs at the beginning of
each shift to ensure that they are in good working order. Contractor shall inspect the brake
linkages, equalizer mechanism, and associated equipment at the same time and document
the inspection.
Unless the draw-works is equipped with an automatic feed control, the operator shall not
leave the brake without setting the brake and securing the brake handle with the hold down
chain. Except during drilling, the operator shall not leave the draw-works controls while the
hoisting drum is in motion.
Where a hold down chain is used to secure the draw-works brake handle, Contractor shall
provide the slot for holding the chain with a seat. Where a side lug is provided, it shall be
curved upwards to prevent accidental disengagement of the hold down chain.
The rig manager/tool pusher and drill stem testing operator shall coordinate the safety of
the drill stem test operation and conduct a pre-job safety meeting to ensure all safety
regulations are outlined and followed during the operation. The drill stem test operator
shall be responsible for coordinating all other third-party contractors’ procedures and
operations in order to ensure that all workers involved in the drill stem test operation are not
subjected to hazards and unnecessary risks.
Contractor shall ensure that:
38.16.1. The maximum safe operating parameters of a rig, based on the design of the
equipment has been determined and certified by the manufacturer or a
professional engineer;
38.16.2. The maximum safe operating load of a derrick is determined and certified by the
manufacturer or a professional engineer;
38.16.3. The maximum safe operating depth and load rating of the rig and are not
exceeded; and
38.16.4. A certified professional engineer shall make structural changes, additions, or
repairs to a rig or overhead equipment. A professional engineer shall re-certify
the maximum safe operating depth and load rating of the rig and derrick prior to
putting the rig back into service.
Contractor shall install machine guards of sufficient strength and design to contain broken
parts on the draw works and rotary table drives. Contractor shall install guards of sufficient
height and design to prevent workers from coming into contact with the hoisting drums,
brake assemblies, or other associated equipment.
Contractor may use a portable heater only for the service for which the manufacturer has
approved it. Contractor shall maintain adequate ventilation to prevent a build-up of toxic
gases. Contractor shall remove all flammables from the immediate area.
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38.19. Prior to moving a rig, Contractor shall conduct a joint safety meeting with the rig manager,
truck pusher, Company representative, rig personnel, and trucking personnel, as well as
any other workers present.
38.20. The rig manager, truck pusher, and Company representative shall identify and discuss all
safety concerns and potential hazards; establish procedures to address identified hazards
(e.g., live wells on or near the site, power lines, unsafe sections of the route, obstructions,
and construction); and confirm that there is adequate illumination.
38.21. Contractor shall not use the rotary table for final making up or initial breaking out of a pipe
connection. The rotary table shall not be engaged when picking up a new single. The
rotary table drive shall not be engaged until the rotary table is clear of workers and
materials.
38.22. Contractor shall not handle or use hoses, lines, or chains near the rotary table while it is in
motion. Crowbars, pry bars, and cheater bars shall not be used to shift the Kelly bushing
into place.
38.23. When visibility on the rig floor is obscured, no worker shall work on the rig floor while the
rotary table is in motion. The use of non-slip floor material around the rotary table is
recommended.
38.24. Prior to spud-in of a well, Contractor shall conduct a pre-spud safety meeting with all
associated workers that includes a review of all safety issues in drilling the well, review of
the emergency response plan, and completion of the drilling rig inspection form.
38.25. Contractor shall equip every drilling rig with a reliable weight indicator. When the indicator
is suspended above the floor, Contractor shall secure the indicator by means of wire rope
or chain safety line and make it clearly visible from the driller's position.
38.26. During the servicing of a well, Contractor shall locate the air intake and exhaust of the
pump motor not less than 20 feet from the rig tank, up wind of the wellhead and service rig,
when circulating hydrocarbons.
38.27. During loading or unloading operations, Contractor shall locate the tank truck vent at a
distance of not less than 20 feet upwind from the wellhead, rig, and rig tank.
38.28. Contractor shall not conduct well swabbing operations after sundown without adequate
lighting.
38.29. In high benzene, H2S areas or where air quality is a concern, the gauger shall wear
respiratory protection equipment when an external means of gauging is not provided. At
times when respiratory protection equipment is required, another fully equipped and trained
worker shall constantly monitor the gauger during tank gauging operations.
38.30. During swabbing operations, Contractor shall pipe swab fluids to a battery, flare pit, skid
tank, or mobile trailer tank located not less than 150 feet (when possible, this shall be
dictated by location size) from the well bore.
38.31. Contractor shall properly ground the swabbing truck with the truck engine shut off.
38.32. Tank truck drivers shall be out of the truck cab when the flammable fluids are being
transferred by means other than the tank truck’s pump.
38.33. If Contractor provides worksite trailers or other temporary housing for its workers, the
trailers and temporary housing facilities shall be located a safe distance from the facility,
equipment, wellhead, worksite, overhead equipment, sewer manholes, operating
equipment, and safety or fire-fighting equipment. Electrical wiring, fixtures, and stairs shall
meet applicable building codes, OSHA specifications, and industry standards. All trailers
shall be properly grounded.
Rev: 3
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38.34. Emergency response drills, pit drills, and trip drills shall be conducted on a regular basis to
ensure workers are familiar with emergency action plans. Maintain written records of drills
at the rig site.
38.35. Blow-out preventers (BOPs) shall be tested when initially installed and every two weeks
thereafter. Some workover or drilling operations may require the BOPs to be tested every
week or on a more frequent basis as needed. Written records of tests shall be maintained
at the rig site.
38.36. Contractor shall place grating over the cellar in order to prevent workers from falling into the
cellar. The grating shall be constructed of a material and design to support workers, tools,
and anticipated loads. Wooden boards are unacceptable.
38.37. Contractor shall suspend all operations on or near drilling (as deemed necessary by rig
manager/tool pusher or Company) and workover rigs, metal tanks, and equipment, and
operations involving explosives (including, but not limited to, wire line perforating) until 30
minutes after an electrical storm has passed.
38.38. During drilling, completion, or servicing operations on gas wells with 5,000 psi or greater,
Contractor shall install remote flare line igniters. Contractor shall install remote igniters
during work on wells with high H2S levels and any other locations where the venting of gas
is deemed to be a necessity. Remote flare igniters shall not be needed when the well can
be readily shut-in, such as during coiled tubing, snubbing, and flow back operations.
38.39. The use of rig elevators by workers to access the rig floor, tubing board, or derrick crown is
prohibited.
38.40. Contractor shall only use low-pressure centrifugal pumps for casing, drill pipe, or work
string fill up. Contractor shall not use high-pressure pumps unless a safety- or pressurecontrol valve is installed to prevent excessive pressure to the fill-up hose.
38.41. Workers shall not be on the catwalk or under the V-door area while the laydown/pickup
machine trough is in operation. If Work needs to be performed in this area, shut down the
laydown/pickup machine completely and secure the trough.
38.42. Use drip pans under equipment, motors, and other machines to contain any leaking
hydraulic fluid, oil, transmission fluid, or other liquids.
38.43. If a radioactive source becomes stuck in a well, Contractor shall use special precautions to
prevent damaging the source during recovery operations. If the source cannot be
recovered, Contractor shall isolate the radioactive material by cementing it in place or by
other means consistent with applicable regulations.
39. ISOLATION/PURGING OF EQUIPMENT
39.1.
39.2.
39.3.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall conduct purging as part of commissioning, repair, or decommissioning of
lines and vessels in accordance with accepted industry practice, Company’s site-specific
procedures (if applicable), and in consultation with Company.
Contractor shall control or remove any harmful substance contained within equipment,
pipes, and pipelines to eliminate any possible hazard during repair or modification work.
Isolation equipment (blind flanges, double block and bleed, or other Company approved
methods) used for this purpose shall be of sufficient rating to withstand 125% of the highest
pressure anticipated. Clearly mark the unit to indicate that the isolation equipment has
been installed.
Where equipment or lines could contain a substance that is hazardous to health or safety,
Contractor shall ensure that the worker wears the appropriate PPE as identified in the Job
Safety Analysis while performing the Work.
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40. PIPING SYSTEMS AT WELL SITES
40.1.
40.2.
Contractor shall ensure that piping systems installed and maintained at a well site are
designed, constructed, installed, operated, and maintained to safely contain any material at
the maximum operating pressures anticipated and in accordance with American Petroleum
Institute (API) standards.
DOT jurisdictional piping systems at natural gas storage well sites shall conform to
applicable 49 CFR 192 and Company requirements.
41. PRESSURIZED PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT
41.1.
41.2.
41.3.
41.4.
41.5.
Contractor shall protect pressurized equipment with the proper pressure control devices in
accordance with applicable regulatory requirements.
Contractor shall perform all repair and maintenance operations in accordance with LO/TO
and Hot Work procedures outlined in this Manual.
The pressure setting on a relief valve shall not be changed without prior approval of
Company. Clearly mark or tag the pressure set point on all relief valves.
Contractor shall direct relief valve exhausts away from areas where workers are likely to
walk, work, or stand. Direct flammable vapor release away from potential ignition sources,
and whenever possible, maintain in a closed loop system.
Contractor shall properly support and extend each vent line that exhausts gas from a
pressure relief device to a location that enables the gas to be discharged without hazard to
equipment or workers.
42. VALVES AND EQUIPMENT
42.1.
42.2.
42.3.
42.4.
42.5.
Contractor shall not hammer the plug of a plug valve during repair or maintenance
activities. If greasing does not free the plug so it turns easily, recondition or replace the
valve.
Contractor shall tighten and loosen pressure gauges with a wrench. Do not put strain on
the case by tightening the gauge with hands.
Contractor shall exercise care when changing plates in the two-compartment type orifice
fitting to ensure that the pressure in the outer compartment is bled off before bolts are
loosened, preventing possibility of a dangerous discharge.
Do not attempt to pry open orifice flanges with wrench handles or screwdrivers. Use
jackscrews.
Do not hammer on pressured equipment, piping, or fittings.
43. ELECTRICAL STORMS DURING SEISMIC DRILLING OPERATIONS
43.1.
43.2.
43.3.
Rev: 3
Contractor shall suspend all operations involving explosives until 30 minutes after an
electrical storm has passed. This includes making up charges, loading holes, or going near
charges and/or loaded holes. Workers should immediately move away from magazines,
caps, and powder and, if carrying explosives, lay them down and move at least 100 feet
away.
When feasible before the electrical storm arrives, Contractor shall lower the mast on
seismic hole drilling equipment and move away from the drilling equipment and any nearby
electrical lines.
Contractor shall disconnect all lines from the recording truck. Make sure cables and
geophones are not touching fences.
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43.4.
43.5.
43.6.
Page 53 of 54
Stay away from flammable/explosive materials, metal objects, trees, power lines, cables,
and fences.
Suspend grounded vehicle operations and move clear of the vehicle.
Stay inside rubber-tired vehicles, but not under trees.
44. APPLICATION OF HERBICIDES ON COMPANY OWNED OR LEASED PROPERTY
44.1.
44.2.
When applying herbicides for the control of undesirable vegetation on right-of-ways and
other Company owned or leased property, Contractor shall take every precaution to protect
personnel and the environment. Contractor shall comply with all state, federal and local
regulations pertaining to the application of herbicides, and the permitting requirements of
the applicable Bureau of Land Management (BLM) district.
Definitions:
44.2.1. Commercial Applicator: A certified applicator that uses or supervises the use of
any herbicide which is classified as restricted use or who uses or supervises the
use of any herbicide during commercial application.
44.2.2. Commercial Application: The application of any herbicide performed by contract
or for hire
44.2.3.
44.3.
44.4.
44.5.
44.6.
44.7.
Restricted Use Herbicide: Herbicide which can only be bought and/or used by a
certified/licensed applicator per state or federal law. Usually noted on label.
Prior to application of herbicides on BLM land, Contractor shall ensure a valid permit is in
place and follow all requirements pertaining to the permit
Contractor shall ensure all herbicides are handled in accordance with product labeling
including storage, handling, use and disposal requirements
Contractor shall ensure herbicides are only applied by Commercial Applicators.
Contractor shall ensure the Commercial Applicator(s) are provided with and use personal
protective equipment as required by the herbicide labeling.
Contractor shall adhere to the following work practices;
44.7.1. The application of herbicides shall be postponed until the risk of adverse weather
conditions (e.g., rain, high winds, temperature extremes, etc.) is minimized.
44.7.2. Exercise extreme care to ensure no herbicides are allowed to migrate to nonCompany properties. The use of coarse spray application is recommended.
44.7.3. Do not apply herbicides that can travel through soil to areas where the soil
permeability is high or to areas where the water table is shallow.
44.7.4. Do not apply a herbicide in or around any water way or drainage system, or
where erosion and water runoff will take the treated soil in the event of heavy
rain.
44.7.5. Use short-life herbicides in areas where heavy precipitation increases the risk of
contamination to non-target areas
44.7.6. Select herbicides which are effective on the plants targeted without damage to
desirable vegetation.
45. Boring Procedure using Directional Drilling when Crossing Sewer Laterals
45.1.
Rev: 3
Ensure the directional drilling equipment has a strike indicator and a grounding rod that has
been properly installed.
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
Contractor Safety Manual
45.2.
45.3.
45.4.
45.5.
45.6.
45.7.
45.8.
Rev: 3
Page 54 of 54
Directional drilling equipment must be calibrated at the beginning of each day work is to be
performed.
Depth and location of sewer main and lateral must be identified at each proposed gas
crossing prior to directional drilling. Any sewer lateral that cannot be located and/or
exposed prior to drilling must be videoed when permitted by city or other applicable
municipality no more than 48 hours after the drilling process.
Contractor must submit an inspection report, if camera of sewer line is permitted by the city
or municipality, to Company containing at a minimum: project address, manhole locations,
sewer main size and material, sewer lateral tap address, stationing from manhole, tap type
and depth, depth at proposed gas crossing, pipe defects or anomalies, and photos.
If the bore will come within two feet of where a sewer lateral or main is detected, the sewer
must be exposed prior to directional drilling or other reasonable precautions shall be made
to ensure bore unit will not come in contact with the sewer.
When pulling the pipe through the previously bored hole, ensure the pipe is not excessively
stressed or strained.
After pulling pipe, allow sufficient time (at least 30 minutes) before completing the final tiein.
When required by Company, a directional drilling profile will be submitted upon completion
and include: stationing, depth, location, and size of all utility crossings.”
Changes since last revision in Red September 2015
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