Charge Controller

Wanderer

RENOGY 30A

Charge Controller Manual

2775 E. Philadelphia St., Ontario, CA 91761

1-800-330-8678

Important Safety Instructions

Please save these instructions.

This manual contains important safety, installation, and operating instructions for the charge controller. The following symbols are used throughout the manual:

WARNING : Indicates a potentially dangerous condition. Use extreme caution when performing this task.

CAUTION: Indicates a critical procedure for safe and proper operation of the controller

NOTE: Indicates a procedure or function that is important to the safe and proper operation of the controller.

General Safety Information

Read all of the instructions and cautions in the manual before beginning the installation.

There are no serviceable parts for this controller. Do NOT disassemble or attempt to repair the controller.

Make sure all connections going into and from the controller are tight. There may be sparks when making connections, therefore, make sure there are not flammable materials or gases near installation.

Charge Controller Safety

NEVER

connect the solar panel array to the controller without a battery. Battery must be connected first. This may cause a dangerous occurrence where the controller would experience a high open circuit voltage at the terminals.

Ensure input voltage does not exceed 25 VDC to prevent permanent damage. Use the Open Circuit (V oc

) to make sure the voltage does not exceed this value when connecting panels together in series.

The charge controller should be installed indoors in a well-ventilated, cool, and dry environment.

Do

NOT

allow water to enter the controller.

1

Battery Safety

Do

NOT

let the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals of the battery touch each other.

Use only sealed lead-acid, flooded, or gel batteries which must be deep cycle.

Explosive battery gases may be present while charging. Be certain there is enough ventilation to release the gases.

Be careful when working with large lead acid batteries. Wear eye protection and have fresh water available in case there is contact with the battery acid.

Over-charging and excessive gas precipitation may damage the battery plates and activate material shedding on them. Too high of an equalizing charge or too long of one may cause damage. Please carefully review the specific requirements of the battery used in the system.

WARNING: Connect battery terminals to the charge controller BEFORE connecting the solar panel(s) to the charge controller.

NEVER connect solar panels to charge controller until the battery is connected.

2

Table of Contents

General Information

......................................................................................................................................... 4

Optional Components

.................................................................................................................................... 6

Identification of Parts

..................................................................................................................................... 6

Installation

............................................................................................................................................................. 7

Mounting Recommendations

................................................................................................................ 7

Wiring

.................................................................................................................................................................. 8

Operation

............................................................................................................................................................ 10

Setting Battery Type

................................................................................................................................ 10

LED Indicators

................................................................................................................................................. 10

System Status Troubleshooting

........................................................................................................... 11

Maintenance

...................................................................................................................................................... 12

Fusing

................................................................................................................................................................... 12

Suggested Fuse Sizes

............................................................................................................................ 13

Technical Specifications

........................................................................................................................... 14

Electrical Specifications

....................................................................................................................... 14

Mechanical Specification

...................................................................................................................... 14

Dimensions

........................................................................................................................................................ 15

Wiring Diagrams

............................................................................................................................................. 16

3

General Information

The Wanderer (CTRL-WND30) is an advanced charge controller for off-grid solar applications. Integrating highly efficient PWM charging, this controller increases battery life and improved system performance. It can be used for a 12V battery or battery bank.

The controller is embedded with self-diagnostics and electronic protection functions that prevent damages from installation mistakes or system faults.

Key Features

Optimized for 12 VDC system voltage

30A charging capacity

Sealed, Gel, and Flooded battery option.

4 Stage PWM charging: Bulk, Boost. Float, and Equalization

Temperature compensation and correcting the charging and discharging parameters automatically, improving battery lifetime.

Protection against: overcharging, short-circuit, and reverse polarity.

Negative ground controller

Remote temperature compensation compatible (accessory sold separately)

PWM Technology

The Wanderer utilizes Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technology for battery charging.

Battery charging is a current based process so controlling the current will control the battery voltage. For the most accurate return of capacity, and for the prevention of excessive gassing pressure, the battery is required to be controlled by specified voltage regulation set points for Absorption, Float, and Equalization charging stages. The charge controller uses automatic duty cycle conversion, creating pulses of current to charge the battery. The duty cycle is proportional to the difference between the sensed battery voltage and the specified voltage regulation set point. Once the battery reached the specified voltage range, pulse current charging mode allows the battery to react and allows for an acceptable rate of charge for the battery level. The Wanderer has a 4-stage battery charging algorithm for a rapid, efficient, and safe battery charging. They include:

Bulk Charge, Boost Charge, Float Charge, and Equalization.

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Bulk Charge: This algorithm is used for day to day charging. It uses 100% Of available solar power to recharge the battery and is equivalent to constant current.

Boost Charge: When the battery has charged to the Boost voltage set-point, it undergoes an absorption stage which is equivalent to constant voltage regulation to prevent heating and excessive gassing in the battery. The default time for this is 120 minutes but it can be customizable as needed.

Float Charge: After Boost Charge, the controller will reduce the battery voltage to a float voltage set point. Once the battery is fully charged, there will be no more chemical reactions and all the charge current would turn into heat or gas. Because of this, the charge controller will reduce the voltage charge to smaller quantity, while lightly charging the battery. The purpose for this is to offset the power consumption while maintaining a full battery storage capacity. In the event that a load drawn from the battery exceeds the charge current, the controller will no longer be able to maintain the battery to a Float set point and the controller will end the float charge stage and refer back to bulk charging.

Equalization: Is carried out every 28 days of the month. It is intentional overcharging of the battery for a controlled period of time. Certain types of batteries benefit from periodic equalizing charge, which can stir the electrolyte, balance battery voltage and complete chemical reaction. Equalizing charge increases the battery voltage, higher than the standard complement voltage, which gasifies the battery electrolyte.

WARNING: Once equalization is active in the battery charging, it will not exit this stage unless there is adequate charging current from the solar panel. There should

be NO load on the batteries when in equalization charging stage.

WARNING: Over-charging and excessive gas precipitation may damage the battery plates and activate material shedding on them. Too high of equalizing charge or for too long may cause damage.

5

Optional Components

*The Wanderer is shipped with by itself with no additional components. Optional components that require a separate purchase:

Figure 1

Remote Temperature Sensor (TS-R): Measures the temperature at the battery and uses this data for very accurate temperature compensation. The sensor is supplied with a 6.6ft cable length that connects to the charge controller. (Figure 1)

NOTE : The Wanderer comes equipped with a temperature sensor, but it is ONLY for the charge control ler’s temperature compensation

, not the battery’s temperature compensation.

Identification of Parts

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

7

6

Key Parts

1. Battery Select Button

2. Battery Select Indicator

3. Battery Indicator

4. PV Indicator

5. Remote Temperature Sensor Adapter (Requires separate purchase)

6. PV Terminals

7. Battery Terminals

Installation

WARNING: Connect battery terminal wires to the charge controller FIRST then connect the solar panel(s) to the charge controller. NEVER connect solar panel to charge controller before the battery.

CAUTION: Do not over-torque or over tighten the screw terminals. This could potentially break the piece that holds the wire to the charge controller.

CAUTION: Refer to the technical specifications for max wire sizes on the controller and for the maximum amperage going through wires.

Mounting Recommendations

WARNING: Never install the controller in a sealed enclosure with flooded batteries.

Gas can accumulate and there is a risk of explosion.

1. Choose Mounting Location

place the controller on a vertical surface protected from direct sunlight, high temperatures, and water. Make sure there is good ventilation.

2. Check for Clearance

verify that there is sufficient room to run wires, as well as clearance above and below the controller for ventilation. The clearance should be at least 6 inches (150mm).

3. Mark Holes

4. Drill Holes

NOTE :

The Wanderer is not equipped with screws for wall mounting.

5. Secure the charge controller.

7

Wiring

1. Unscrew battery terminals and connect battery connections

8

2. Unscrew PV terminals and connect PV connections

3. Insert temperature sensor block terminal and connect wires

(POLARITY SENSITIVITY DOES NOT MATTER)

9

Operation

After connecting the battery to the charge controller, the controller will turn on automatically. Operation of this controller is very simply. Users set the battery type, and leave the rest of the work to the charge controller.

Setting Battery Type

Simply hold the gray button for approximately 7 seconds until the LED flashes. Once flashing, then press the gray button again to the desired battery type (they are color coded) and simply leave the controller alone until the flashing stops (this should take approximately 10 seconds). This indicates the parameter has been set.

Set Battery Type

Sealed

Gel

Flooded

LED Indicators

The Wanderer is a simple to use controller requiring little to no maintenance. Users can be informed about the charge control ler’s status based on the LED indicators at the PV and Battery levels. The following chart goes into further detail regarding the W anderer’s indicators.

10

PV Indicator

Fast

Flashing

BATT Indicator

Slow

Flashing

Slow

Flashing

Solid

Slow

Flashing

Fast

Flashing

Controller Status

PV terminal is over-voltage

Battery is charging normally

The battery is in float charge

The battery is over-voltage

Solid

The battery is under-voltage

Solid

Slow

Flashing

The battery is over-discharged

The battery is over-heating

System Status Troubleshooting

Description

Battery is low-voltage

Battery is over-voltage

PV is over-voltage

Battery is over-heating

Troubleshoot

Use a multi-meter to verify the rated battery voltage.

Disconnect any loads connected to the battery to allow it to charge.

Use a multi-meter to check the voltage of the battery. Make sure the battery voltage is not exceeding the rated specification of the charge controller. Disconnect battery.

Use a multi-meter to check the voltage of the panels. Ensure that they meet the specification of the controller to not exceed 25 VDC.

When heat is exceeding the specification of the controller, it will automatically shut down. The controller will resume to operate once it interprets a change in temperature.

Other Considerations

Charge controller does not charge during daytime when the sun

Confirm that there is a tight and correct connection from the battery bank to the charge controller and the solar panels to the charge controller. Use a multi-meter to check if the

11

is shining on the solar panels. polarity of the solar modules have been reversed on the charge control ler’s solar terminals.

No LED indicator when battery is connected to the charge controller

The battery voltage may be less than 9V. A minimum of 9V is required to power on the controller.

Maintenance

For best controller performance, it is recommended that these tasks be performed from time to time.

1. Check that controller is mounted in a clean, dry, and ventilated area.

2. Check wiring going into the charge controller and make sure there is no wire damage or wear.

3. Tighten all terminals and inspect any loose, broken, or burnt up connections

Fusing

Fusing is a recommendation in PV systems to provide a safety measure for connections going from panel to controller and controller to battery. Remember to always use the recommended wire gauge size based on the PV system and the controller.

NEC Maximum Current for different Copper Wire Sizes

AWG 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

Max.

Current

10A 15A 20A 30A 55A 75A 95A 130A 170A

Fuse from Controller to Battery

Controller to Battery Fuse = Current Rating of Charge Controller

Ex. 30A Wanderer = 30A fuse from Controller to Battery

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Fuse from Solar Panel(s) to Controller

Ex. 200W; 2 X 100 W panels

Parallel

Total Amperage = I sc1

+ I sc2

= 5.75A + 5.75A * 1.25

Fuse = minimum of 11.5 * 1.25 = 14.37 = 15A fuse

Series

Total Amperage = I sc1

= I sc2

= 5.75A * 1.25

Fuse: minimum of 8A = 8A Fuse

Suggested Fuse Sizes

These suggested fuse sizes are based off of using the Renogy 100W Monocrystalline

Panels with the 30A Wanderer Controller. In the PV configurations, users can not connect two or more panels in series as they exceed the charge control ler’s specification of 25 VDC maximum at the PV input.

NOTE : The fuse sizes are multiplied by a factor of safety. In this scenario, we will be using a 1.25 factor of safety.

PV Size PV Module Connection Fuse To Controller Fuse To Battery Bank

100W

200W

N/A

Parallel

8A

15A

30A

30A

300W

400W

Parallel

Parallel

22A

29A

30A

30A

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Technical Specifications

Electrical Specifications

Description

Nominal Voltage 12 VDC

Rated Charge Current 30A

Parameter

Max. PV Input Voltage 25 VDC

Self-Consumption <10mA

High Voltage Disconnect 16V

Over-Voltage Reconnect 15V

Low Voltage Disconnect 11.1V

Low Voltage Reconnect 12.6V

Under Voltage Warning 12V

Under Voltage Recover 12.2V

Charging Limit Voltage ≤15V

Equalization Voltage Sealed:14.6V; Flooded: 14.8V; Gel: NO

Boost Voltage Sealed: 14.4V; Flooded: 14.6V; Gel: 14.2V

Float Voltage 13.8V

Equalize Duration 120 min

Boost Duration 120 min

Mechanical Specification

Description Parameter

Temperature Compensation -3mV/°C/2V

Working Temperature -30°C—45°C / -20°F—113°F

Storage Temperature -35°C—80°C / -31°F—176°F

Max Gauge Size Up to #4AWG

Weight 0.29 kg / 0.65 lbs.

Dimensions

163.83 x 109.62 x 44.7mm

6.45 x 4.31 x 1.76in

Enclosure IP20

14

Dimensions

15

Wiring Diagrams

1. Solar Panel

3

2

1

4

2. Fuse

5. Tray Cable

2

100W Wiring Diagram

12V Battery Bank

5

3. Adapter Kit

6. Battery Bank (12V)

16

6

4

3

200W Wiring Diagram

—Parallel

12V Battery Bank

2

1. Solar Panels

5. Charge Controller

5

1

3

6

2. MC4 Branch Connectors

6. Tray Cable

3. Fuse 4. Adapter Kit

7. Battery Bank (12V)

17

7

2

2

4

3

300W Wiring Diagram

—Parallel

12V Battery Bank

5

3

6

1. Solar Panels

5. Charge Controller

2. MC4 Branch Connectors

6. Tray Cable

3. Fuse 4. Adapter Kit

7. Battery Bank (12V)

18

7

400W Wiring Diagram

—Parallel

12V Battery Bank

2

1. Solar Panels

5. Charge Controller

Updated: July 28, 2015

4

3

2

5

3

2

6

2. MC4 Branch Connectors

6. Tray Cable

3. Fuse 4. Adapter Kit

7. Battery Bank (12V)

19

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