WTC3243 - Wavelength Electronics

WTC3243 - Wavelength Electronics
DATASHEET AND OPERATING GUIDE
WTC3243 & WTC3293
Ultrastable TEC Controller & Evaluation Board
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
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WTC3243
WTC3293
Linear PI Control Stability of 0.0009°C
Heat and Cool Current Limits
Adjustable Sensor Bias Current
Drive ±2.2 A of TEC or Resistive Heater Current
Small Size of 1.3” X 1.28” X 0.313”
Supports Thermistors, RTDs, and IC Sensors
Single Supply Operation: +5 V to +30 V
14-pin DIP PCB Mount
Monitor Actual Temperature
Quickly and easily integrated with WTC3293
Evaluation Board
PRECISION, STABILITY & VERSATILITY
BUILT-IN SAFETY
The WTC3243 is a compact, analog PI (Proportional,
Integral) control loop circuit optimized for use in ultrastable
thermoelectric temperature control applications. It easily
handles variable operating conditions with a stability of better
than 0.0009ºC. The temperature setpoint is set by a remote
voltage signal. It is capable of controlling both thermoelectric
and resistive heaters, and only five external resistors are
needed to optimize the controller for your specific application.
To protect the device, heat and cool limits can be set
independently. This safety feature guarantees that your
thermoelectric cooler will never be driven beyond your
specified limits.
CONTENTS
PAGE
QUICK CONNECT GUIDE
WTC3293 EVALUATION BOARD SCHEMATIC
PIN DESCRIPTIONS — WTC3243
PIN DESCRIPTIONS — WTC3293 EVAL BOARD
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS — WTC3243
SAFETY & THERMAL DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS — WTC3243 + EVAL
DESIGN GUIDE — WTC3243
ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL NOTES
TROUBLESHOOTING
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS
CERTIFICATION AND WARRANTY
2
4
5
6
8
11
12
20
28
32
34
36
The prior revision of the evaluation board was black. Click
http://www.teamwavelength.com/downloads/datasheets/wtc3293a.pdf
for the datasheet for the WTC3293 revision A.
406-587-4910
www.teamWavelength.com
The robust and reliable WTC3243 has been designed
into electro-optical systems, airborne instrumentation,
spectroscopic monitors, and medical diagnostic
equipment. It is particularly well-suited to applications
where temperature is scanned across ambient.
ORDERING INFORMATION
PART NO
DESCRIPTION
WTC3243
±2.2 A Temperature Controller
WTC3243HB
±2.2 A Li-Ion Battery-Compatible
Temperature Controller
WTC3293
Evaluation Board for WTC3243
Temperature Controller
WEV300
Thermal Management Kit, no fan
WEV301
Thermal Management Kit, 5 V fan
WEV302
Thermal Management Kit, 12 V fan
Pb
Compliant
The WTC3293 Evaluation Board is available to quickly
integrate the WTC3243 into your system and can be
optimized for sensor type. Use the adjustable trimpots to
configure heat and cool current limits, proportional gain, and
integrator time constant.
LEADING EDGE APPLICATIONS
RoHS
Applies to WTC3243 Revisions A - C
WTC3243HB Revisions A - C
WTC3293 Revision B
© August 2015
e
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
QUICK CONNECT GUIDE
WTC3243 Temperature Controller Pin Layout
WTC3293 Evaluation Board Top view
WTC3243 Controller Quick Connect Diagram
WTC3243 Test Loads
WTC3293 Eval Board Electrical Schematic
!
page 2
page 2
page 3
page 3
page 4
TO ENSURE SAFE OPERATION OF THE WTC3243
THERMOELECTRIC CONTROLLER, IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT YOU
DETERMINE THAT THE UNIT WILL BE OPERATING WITHIN THE
INTERNAL HEAT DISSIPATION SAFE OPERATING AREA (SOA).
Visit the Wavelength Electronics website for the most
accurate, up-to-date, and easy to use SOA calculator:
Figure 1 shows the pin layout and descriptions for the
WTC3243.
IF YOU ARE UPGRADING FROM THE WHY5640: The
position of Pin 1 on the WHY5640 is reversed (or mirrored)
relative to the position of Pin 1 on the WTC3243.
Figure 2 is the top view of the WTC3293, illustrating the
onboard switches, trimpots, and connectors.
Figure 3 is the Quick Connect schematic for the WTC3243
using a thermistor temperature sensor.
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/soa/soatc.php
Control Electronics Supply Input
Voltage Setpoint
Limit A
Limit B
Proportional Gain Resistor Connection
+1 Volt Reference
Integrator Time Constant Resistor Connection
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
VDD
VSET
LIMA
LIMB
P
+1V
I
VS
GND
OUTB
OUTA
BIAS
S+
SG
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
Power Drive Supply Input
Ground
Thermoelectric Output B
Thermoelectric Output A
Sensor Bias Current Resistor Connection
Sensor Connection & Act T Monitor
Sensor Gain Resistor Connection
Figure 1. WTC3243 Pin Layout -- Top View
Optional
Supply Input
Input Power
Terminal Block
WAVELENGTH
ELECTRONICS
Output Current
Enable/Disable
Switch
WTC3243
Sockets
Auxiliary
Terminal
Block
USE
WITH
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
Monitors
Terminal
Block
ONLY
Output Terminal Block
Figure 2. WTC3293 Evaluation Board Top View
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
2
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
QUICK CONNECT GUIDE, cont’d
VDD
VSET = Sensor Resistance X Sensor Bias Current
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VSET
RLIMA
Adjusting Limit
Currents
1
14
2
13
3
RLIMB
4
1
5
RP
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
VS
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
12
7
1
RBIAS
9
TOP VIEW
+
VDD
10
6
RI
-
11
RT
1
8 NC
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 3. WTC3243 Quick Connect for TEC with Thermistor
QUICK CONNECT LEGEND
FUNCTION
Limits
WTC3243 & EVAL BOARD
WTC3243 ALONE
Adjust LIMA & LIMB
Table 6 on page 17
Equation 5
RLIMA & RLIMB
Table 9 on page 25
PGAIN
Table 5 on page 14
Equation 1
RP
Table 11 on page 27
I TERM
Table 5 on page 14
Equation 3
RI
Table 12 on page 27
Sensor Bias Switch
Table 4 on page 13
Figure 8
RBIAS
Table 10 on page 26
Equation 6 & Equation 7
Gain Jumper
Table 10 on page 26
Figure 9
RG
Table 10 on page 26
Equation 8
Control Parameters
Bias Current
Thermistor (RT)
See Thermistor datasheet
The same values can more simply be determined using the Circuit Design Calculator, available online at:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php. Wavelength recommends using this utility.
RECOMMENDED TEST LOAD
7KHUPDO7HVW/RDG
For setup and configuration, we recommend using a test
load in place of the TEC or resistive heater, connected
directly to Pin 11 and Pin 12 on the controller, as shown in
Figure 4.
6LPXODWHG7KHUPLVWRU
SENSOR+
OUTB
R1
RLOAD
Recommended test load:
• MP9100-1.00-1%. This resistor may need to be attached
to a heatsink.
We also recommend using a test circuit to simulate a 10 kΩ
thermistor. Figure 4 shows a simple adjustment test circuit.
© 2015
SENSOR-
OUTA
RLOAD ȍ5DWHG!:
5 Nȍó:UHVLVWRU
Figure 4. Recommended Test Loads
www.teamWavelength.com
3
ACT T
SET T
RSET
LIMA
LIMB
COM
FAN+
FAN2.5V
REN
HVSET
COM
VDD
VDD
CU5
0.1UF
CU4
0.1uF
ENABLE
1N4148
D1
CU3
0.1UF
S1
VDD
VDD
10.0K
R11
TB6
6
5
4
3
2
1
TB3
TB6
3
100K
R23
3
2
1.0K
R27
1.0K
R31
8
7
U4A
1
U3B
VDD
R26
100K
5
6
5
6
20K
R30
U5C
VDD
LM393AD
C7
0.1UF
VDD
OP747ARU
U2
2.5V
R32 10.2K
R24
10.0K
OP747ARU
0.1UF
C5
R25
9.76K
R14
287
3.3V
4
11
VDD
10
9
U4B
12
13
CCW
CW
ST3
7
VDD
U3D
14
LED
GREEN
R9
10.0K
Q1
3904
7
CW
CCW
LB2
1.0K
R28
OP747ARU
1
U3A
VDD
90.9K
R15
P Gain:
To set a Fixed P Gain
Remove R8 and load R54
R54
N/L
P1
TP5
R3
LIM B
5k
Power Jack
T
3
2
P2
R4
P GAIN
200K
R53
N/L
TP4
CW
I2
R8
0.00
10.0K
R16
I
7
6
5
R13
0.00
VDD
SG
S+
BIAS
OUTA
OUTB
GND
VS
VS
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
R55
N/L
I1
TP7
I TERM:
To set a Fixed I Term
Remove R13 and load R55
I
+1V
P
LIMB
LIMA
VSET
VDD
U1
WTC3243
R5
I TERM
200K
+1V
P
LIMB 4
LIMA 3
CW
TP6
1
VSET 2
C1
4.7 uF
CCW
W
+
VDD
2
1
CCW
W
R6
10.0K
X
1
2
3
PWR
GND
P1
VDD
VS
PGND
Input Connections
TB1
JP2
VSET JUMPER
LB1
R19
1.50K
R36
10.0K
Limit B:
To set a Fixed Limit
Remove R19 and load R53
5
6
10.0K
R7
Q2
3904
R10
10.0K
R17
10.0K
VDD
U5B
VDD
10.2K
R35
OP747ARU
Limit A:
To set a Fixed Limit
Remove R18 and load R52
CW
CCW
Q3
PMBT3906
R29
287
VS
R2
LIM A
5k
R52
N/L
OP747ARU
LM393AD
1
D2
LM4040 2.5V
C4
0.1UF
LA1
1.0K
R34
8
OP747ARU
VDD
U3C
0.1UF
C6
10
9
Set T:
To set a Fixed Set point Voltage
Remove R47 & R48 and load R50 & R51
Refer to Datasheet for Equations
R18
LA2 1.50K
R51
N/L ST2
TP3
TP1
TP2
R33
10.0K
R48
0.00 ST4
R1
SET T
5k
R47
0.00
R50
N/L ST1
4
11
6
5
4
3
2
1
1
8
4
11
4
11
TB2
2
4
C3
4.7 uF
8
4
2
3
+
4
11
4
www.teamWavelength.com
11
© 2015
1
2
3
VDD
x1
x10
JP3 3
Gain 2
1
BIAS
+
VS
JP1
VS+VDD Jumper
1
2
2
3
1
ON
0.00
Output Connection
TB4
OUTB
OUT B
1
S+
SENSOR+
2
SSENSOR3
OUTA
OUT A
4
1mA
100uA
10uA
2K
R22
20K
R21
200K
R20
S2
Bias Selection
SW DIP-3 SMT
EXT VSET
VDD
SGND
C2
4.7 uF
DAQ
FAILSAFE
PROTECTION
CIRCUIT
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
WTC3293 EVALUATION BOARD SCHEMATIC
4
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
PIN DESCRIPTIONS — WTC3243
Table 1. WTC3243 Temperature Controller Pin Descriptions
PIN
NAME
PIN DESCRIPTION
1
VDD
Control Electronics Power Supply Input. Connect a +4.5 V to +30 V power supply to VDD (Pin 1)
and GND (Pin 13). NOTE: can be connected to VS (Pin 14).
2
VSET
Voltage Setpoint [Setpoint voltage equations are sensor dependent & noted on operating diagrams].
Connect a voltage source between VSET (Pin 2) and GND (Pin 13) to control the temperature setting.
3
LIMA
Limit A. A resistor connected between LIMA (Pin 3) and GND (Pin 13) limits the output current drawn
off the VS (Pin 14) supply input to OUTA (Pin 11).
4
LIMB
Limit B. A resistor connected between LIMB (Pin 4) and GND (Pin 13) limits the output current drawn
off the VS (Pin 14) supply input to OUTB (Pin 12).
5
P
Proportional Gain Resistor Connection. Connect a resistor between P (Pin 5) and +1V (Pin 6) to
configure the Proportional Gain setting.
6
+1V
+1 Volt Reference.
7
I
Integrator Time Constant Resistor Connection. Connect a resistor between I (Pin 7) and +1V
(Pin 6) to configure the Integrator Time Constant setting.
8
SG
Sensor Gain Resistor Connection. Connect a resistor between SG (Pin 8) and GND (Pin 13) to
adjust the Sensor Gain setting.
9
S+
Sensor Connection. Connect resistive and LM335 type temperature sensors across S+ (Pin 9) and
GND (Pin 13). Connect a 10 kΩ resistor across S+ (Pin 9) and GND (Pin 13) when using AD590
type temperature sensors. The negative terminal of the AD590 sensor connects to S+ (Pin 9) and the
positive terminal to VDD (Pin 1). AD590 operation requires that VDD be +8 V or greater.
10
BIAS
Sensor Bias Current Resistor Connection. Connect a resistor between BIAS (Pin 10) and VDD
(Pin 1) to configure the sensor bias current.
OUTA
Thermoelectric Output A. Connect OUTA (Pin 11) to the negative terminal on your thermoelectric
when controlling temperature with Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) thermistors. With NTC
sensors the TEC current will flow from OUTA to OUTB (Pin 12) when heating (opposite polarity
for PTC sensors). Connect OUTA (Pin 11) to the positive thermoelectric terminal when using
Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) RTDs, LM335 type, and AD590 type temperature sensors.
12
OUTB
Thermoelectric Output B. Connect OUTB (Pin 12) to the positive terminal on your thermoelectric
when controlling temperature with Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) thermistors. With NTC
sensors the TEC current will flow from OUTB to OUTA (Pin 11) when cooling (opposite polarity
for PTC sensors). Connect OUTB (Pin 12) to the negative thermoelectric terminal when using
Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) RTDs, LM335 type, and AD590 type temperature sensors.
13
GND
Ground. Connect the power supply ground connections to GND (Pin 13). All ground connections to
this pin should be wired separately.
VS
Power Drive Supply Input. Provides power to the WTC3243 H-Bridge power stage. Supply range
input for this pin is +3 to +30 Volts DC. The maximum current drain on this terminal should not
exceed 2.2 A. CAUTION: Care should be taken to observe the maximum internal power dissipation
limits before applying power to the device. NOTE: can be connected to VDD (Pin 1).
11
14
IF YOU ARE UPGRADING FROM THE WHY5640: The position of Pin 1 on the WHY5640 is reversed (or mirrored) relative
to the position of Pin 1 on the WTC3243.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
5
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
PIN DESCRIPTIONS — WTC3293 EVALUATION BOARD
Table 2. WTC3293 Evaluation Board Pin Descriptions
SILKSCREEN
LABEL
NAME
P1
Power
FUNCTION
Optional Supply Input. 2.5 mm jack power connection to VDD.
NOTE: Use either Input Supply (P1) or VDD on TB1 but not both.
ENABLE
ON/OFF
Output Current ON/OFF
Output Current Enable/ Disable Switch. Turns output current on and off. NOTE: Keep
this OFF until the evaluation board is set up entirely. LED lights when ON.
P GAIN
Trimpot
Proportional Gain
I TERM
Trimpot
Integrator Time Constant
SET T
12-turn Trimpot
Setpoint for temperature
LIM A
12-turn Trimpot
Current Limit A Adjustment
LIM B
12-turn Trimpot
Current Limit B Adjustment
TP1
Test Point 1
TP2
Test Point 2
TP3
Test Point 3
TP4
Test Point 4
TP5
Test Point 5
P GAIN (measure resistance across TP5 and TP6)
TP6
Test Point 6
Reference point for P GAIN and I TERM
TP7
Test Point 7
I TERM (measure resistance across TP6 and TP7)
Used when eliminating trimpots in setpoint and limit circuits
Terminal Block 1 (TB1), Input Power Terminal Block
VDD
Voltage Supply
Power supply input for control electronics. Directly connected to WTC3243 VDD (Pin 1).
NOTE: Use either Input Supply (P1) or VDD on TB1 but not both.
VS
Voltage Supply
Power supply input for output stage. Directly connected to WTC3243 VS (Pin 14)
PGND
Power Ground
Directly connected to WTC3243 GND (Pin13)
Terminal Block 2 (TB2), Auxiliary Terminal Block
FAN +
Fan Positive
Red wire connection
FAN -
Fan Ground
Black wire connection
2.5 V
+2.5 V Reference
REN
Remote Enable
HSET
High Voltage Setpoint
COM
Common Ground
Reference voltage for use with external setpoint circuit
0 V = ENABLED
Floating or >3 V = DISABLED
The onboard switch overrides the external signal.
Remote setpoint voltage is not subject to the DAQ Failsafe Protection Circuit
Low noise ground reference for control signals
Terminal Block 3 (TB3), Monitors Terminal Block
ACTT
Actual Temperature
(Sensor Voltage)
SETT
Setpoint Voltage Monitor
RSET
Remote setpoint
LIMA
Limit A
LIMB
Limit B
COM
Common Ground
The actual temperature monitor voltage matches the voltage drop across the
temperature sensor. Transfer function is 1 V / V.
The setpoint temperature monitor voltage matches the setpoint voltage at Pin 2 on the
WTC3243. Transfer function 1 V / V.
Remote setpoint voltage is subject to DAQ Failsafe Protection Circuit
Voltage at Pin 3 on the WTC3243
Voltage at Pin 4 on the WTC3243
Low noise ground reference for monitor signals
Terminal Block 4 (TB4), Output Terminal Block
OUTB
Output B
SEN+
Sensor positive
Direct connection to WTC3243 S+ (Pin 9)
SEN-
Sensor negative
Direct connection to WTC3243 GND (Pin 13)
OUTA
Output A
Direct connection to WTC3243 OUTA (Pin 11)
© 2015
Direct connection to WTC3243 OUTB (Pin 12)
www.teamWavelength.com
6
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
Table 3. Control and Monitor Transfer Functions
FUNCTION
WTC3243
WTC3243HB
WTC3293
DESCRIPTION
RSET to Sensor Voltage
1V/V
The controller drives the TEC or heater to
make the voltage across the sensor match
the RSET voltage.
SET T Monitor to VSET
1V/V
The setpoint temperature monitor voltage
matches the setpoint voltage.
ACT T Monitor to
Sensor Voltage
1V/V
The actual temperature monitor voltage
matches the voltage drop across the
temperature sensor.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
7
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS — WTC3243
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
SYMBOL
WTC3243
WTC3243HB
UNIT
Supply Voltage 1
VDD
+4.5 to +30
+3 to +5.5
Volts DC
Voltage on Pin 1
Can be connected to VS
Consult SOA Calculator
Supply Voltage 2
VS
+3 to +30
+3 to +8
Volts DC
Voltage on Pin 14
Can be connected to VDD
Consult SOA Calculator
Power Dissipation
PMAX
9
Watts
TAMBIENT = +25ºC
See SOA Chart -- with fan
and heatsink
Case Operating Temperature
TOPR
-40 to +85
ºC
Case Storage Temperature
TSTG
-65 to 150
ºC
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
WTC3243
WTC3243HB
UNIT
IOUT
±2.0 to ±2.2
±2.2
Amps
NOTE
NOTE
OUTPUT CURRENT
Maximum Output Current
Compliance Voltage, OUTA to OUTB
VS - 0.1
Volts
Full temp. range,
IOUT = 100 mA
Compliance Voltage, OUTA to OUTB
VS - 0.3
Volts
Full temp. range,
IOUT = 1 A
Compliance Voltage, OUTA to OUTB
VS - 0.6
Volts
Full temp. range,
IOUT = 1.5 A
Compliance Voltage, OUTA to OUTB
VS - 0.9
Volts
Full temp. range,
IOUT = 2.0 A
Compliance Voltage, Resistive Heater
VS - 1.0
Volts
Full temp. range,
IOUT = 2.2 A
Short Term Stability (1 hour)
0.0009
ºC
OFF ambient temperature
TSET = 25ºC using 10 kΩ
thermistor (1)
Short Term Stability (1 hour)
0.002
ºC
ON ambient temperature
TSET = 25ºC using 10 kΩ
thermistor (1)
Long Term Stability (24 hours)
0.002
ºC
OFF ambient temperature
TSET = 25ºC using 10 kΩ
thermistor (1)
POWER SUPPLY
Power Supply Voltage
Quiescent Current
Minimum Current Rating
VDD = +4.5 to +30
VS = +3 to +30
VDD = +3 to +5.5
VS = +3 to +8
Volts
VDD-QUIESCENT = 8
VS-QUIESCENT = 2.5
mA
VDD = 1.1 * VDD-QUIESCENT
VS = 1.1 *(ITEC + VS-QUIESCENT)
Amps
TEMPERATURE SENSORS
Sensor Compatibility
Sensor Input Voltage Range
Sensor Input Damage Threshold
Thermistors, RTD, IC Sensors
GND to VDD - 2
Volts
Limited by bias current
circuit (2)
> VDD + 0.7 or < -0.7
Volts
Without the bias current
circuit
(1)
When using resistive heaters, stability can only be consistently achieved when specified temperatures are 10°C or more above ambient.
(2)
The bias source has a compliance up to VDD - 2 V. In normal operation this limits the sensor voltage range from 0 V to VDD - 2 V. While
voltages up to ±5 V outside this range on the VSET pin will not damage the unit, it will not provide proper control under these conditions.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
8
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
WTC3243
WTC3243HB
UNIT
NOTE
VSET
Input Impedence
VSET
1
MΩ
VSET Damage Threshold
VSET
> VDD + 0.7 or < -0.7
Volts
<2
%
Rev. B
TSET = 25ºC using 10 kΩ
thermistor
1
%
Include the tolerance of
the bias current resistor
Heatspreader Temperature Rise
+28 to +33
ºC / W
TAMBIENT = 25ºC
Heatspreader Temperature Rise
+18 to +25
ºC / W
With WHS302 Heatsink &
WTW002 Thermal Washer
Heatspreader Temperature Rise
+3.1 to +3.9
ºC / W
With WHS302 Heatsink,
WTW002 Washer, and
3.5 CFM Fan
Setpoint vs. Actual T Accuracy
BIAS CURRENT
Bias Current Accuracy
THERMAL
FEEDBACK LOOP
Proportional Gain
PGAIN
1 - 100
A/V
Integrator Time Constant
ITERM
0.53 - 4.5
Seconds
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
9
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS — WTC3293 + WTC3243
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
WTC3293
UNIT
Power Supply Voltage
VDD = +4.5 to +30
VS = +3 to +30
Volts
Quiescent Current
VDD-QUIESCENT = 8
VS-QUIESCENT = 10.5
mA
Fan Current Draw
5 V fan → 150
12 V fan → 100
mA
VDD = 1.1 * (VDD-QUIESCENT + fan)
VS = 1.1 *(ITEC + VS-QUIESCENT)
Amps
POWER SUPPLY
Minimum Current Rating
Enable LED will not turn on
when less than 3.5 V
BIAS CURRENT
Bias Current Selection
10 μA, 100 μA, 1 mA, 10 mA
Bias Current Accuracy
1
%
0 - 6.5
Volts
RSET
< -0.7 or > min(VDD + 0.7, 6.5)
Volts
0 - [VDD-2.5]
Volts
HSET
< -0.7 or > VDD + 0.7
Volts
SET T MON output voltage range
0 - 6.5 (VSET = X)
0 - 2.5 (VSET = T)
Volts
X is the external setpoint jumper
T is the internal trimpot jumper
ACT T MON output voltage range
0 to VDD
Volts
Limited by bias current circuit (1)
Sensor Voltage to ACT T MON Accuracy
0.1 to 1
mV
SET T MON to ACT T MON Accuracy
0.1 to 3 (2 typical)
mV
RSET T (or HSET T) vs. SET T MON
Accuracy
0.1
mV
EXTERNAL SETPOINT AND MONITORS
RSET Voltage Range
RSET Damage Threshold
HSET Voltage Range
HSET Damage Threshold
Input Impedance
RSET
200
kΩ
HSET
1
MΩ
PGAIN
1 - 65
A/V
RSET low end is affected by the
DAQ Failsafe Protection circuit
FEEDBACK LOOP
Proportional Gain
With different resistor,
Proportional Gain range can be
increased to 100 A / V.
Integrator trimpot turned fully
clockwise (CW) = longer time
constant, lower resistance.
Integrator Time Constant
ITERM
0.53 - 4.5
Seconds
Trimpot turned fully counterclockwise (CCW) = shorter time
constant, higher resistance.
(1)
The bias source has a compliance up to VDD - 2 V. In normal operation this limits the sensor voltage range from 0 V to VDD - 2 V. While
voltages up to ±5 V outside this range on the VSET pin will not damage the unit, it will not provide proper control under these conditions.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
10
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
SAFETY INFORMATION
& THERMAL DESIGN
CONSIDERATIONS
THEORY OF OPERATION
The WTC3243 is a linear temperature controller that delivers
bidirectional current to Peltier Effect thermoelectric coolers
(TEC), or unidirectional current to resistive heaters.
SAFE OPERATING AREA — DO NOT EXCEED
INTERNAL POWER DISSIPATION LIMITS
!
The fundamental operating principle is that the controller
adjusts the TEC drive current in order to change the
temperature of the sensor that is connected to the thermal
load. The goal is to make the voltage across the sensor match
TO ENSURE SAFE OPERATION OF THE WTC3243 the setpoint voltage, and then keep them equal in spite of
THERMOELECTRIC CONTROLLER, IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT
YOU DETERMINE THAT THE UNIT WILL BE OPERATING WITHIN changes to ambient conditions and variations in thermal load.
THE INTERNAL HEAT DISSIPATION
(SOA).
SAFE OPERATING AREA
The controller measures the load temperature by driving a
current through the temperature sensor and measuring the
Visit the Wavelength Electronics website for the most voltage drop across it. It may be useful to remember that you
do not directly adjust the setpoint temperature. Rather, you
accurate, up-to-date, and easy to use SOA calculator:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/soa/soatc.php adjust a voltage signal that represents the sensor voltage at
the desired temperature setpoint.
For more information on Safe Operating Area, see our
Application Note AN-LDTC01: The Principle of the Safe While the output is enabled the controller continuously
Operating Area.
compares the setpoint voltage and the actual sensor voltage.
If there is a difference between the two signals the controller
adjusts the output current—thereby driving the TEC or heater
to change temperature—until the difference is zero.
PREVENT DAMAGE FROM ELECTROSTATIC
DISCHARGE
Once the actual sensor voltage equals the setpoint voltage,
the controller makes minor adjustments to the output
Before proceeding, it is critical that you take precautions to current in order to keep the difference at zero. If the ambient
prevent electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage to the driver temperature changes, for example, the controller will adjust
and your laser. ESD damage can result from improper the drive current accordingly.
handling of sensitive electronics, and is easily preventable
The controller includes features that help protect the load
with simple precautions.
from damage, and also make it more versatile in a wide array
Enter the search phrase “ESD Precautions for Handling of applications. These features are explained in detail in
Electronics” in an internet search engine to find information Operating Instructions — WTC3243 + EVAL BOARD on
page 12.
on ESD-safe handling practices.
We recommend that you always observe ESD precautions
when handing the WTC controller.
• Current limit: Independent heating and cooling current
limits avoid over-driving and damaging the TEC or heater.
• External or Onboard temperature setpoint control: for
prototyping and benchtop applications the temperature
setpoint can be adjusted with the onboard trimpot on the
evaluation board. When the controller is integrated into an
automated control system, the temperature setpoint can
be adjusted by an external voltage signal.
• Local Enable on WTC3293 Evaluation Board: the
controller can be configured so that the output is always
on whenever power is applied to the unit.
• Control loop: the controller employs a smart ProportionalIntegrating control loop to adjust the drive current. The
proportional term is user-adjustable, and when properly
configured will quickly settle the load to temperature with
minimal overshoot and ringing.
© 2015
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11
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS —
WTC3243 + EVAL BOARD
WTC3243 WITH WTC3293 EVAL BOARD
CONFIGURE THE JUMPERS & SWITCH
On the underside of the WTC3293 Evaluation Board you
will find the jumpers and switches. Use Figure 5 below to
locate them.
SENSOR BIAS SWITCH
(100 μA shown)
Operate the WTC3243 quickly using the WTC3293
Evaluation Board. For integrating the WTC3243 into
a custom printed circuit board, see Design Guide —
WTC3243 on page 20.
SENSOR GAIN JUMPER
(GAIN = 1 shown)
NECESSARY EQUIPMENT
The following equipment is the minimum necessary to
configure the WTC and evaluation board for basic operation.
• WTC3243 Temperature Controller
• WTC3293 PCB evaluation board
• Digital multimeter, 4-½ digit resolution recommended
• Thermistor or other temperature sensor
• Peltier-type thermoelectric module or resistive heater
• Optional: test load
• Minimum 22 gauge wiring
• Power Supplies (see below)
• Thermal Solutions Kit, if operating above 5 V or 500 mA
• Small flathead screwdriver or Tweaker (included)
SYSTEM DESIGN DECISIONS
Before the WTC3293 Evaluation Board can be configured,
several decisions must be made:
• What sensor is being used?
• What bias current is needed?
• What is the operating maximum current and maximum
voltage?
• Will the power supply be a single or dual supply?
• Will the system, as designed, fit within the Safe
Operating Area (SOA)?
VSET SOURCE JUMPER
(use onboard trimpot shown)
POWER SELECT JUMPER
(separate supplies shown)
Figure 5. Bottom View, Jumper Locations -- Factory Default
SET THE POWER SELECT JUMPER
VS drives the output stage while VDD powers the control
electronics. Figure 5 shows the jumper location and Figure
6 shows the jumper position. The factory default is to
separate the VS and VDD power supply inputs.
• To use Single Supply Operation, place the jumper in the
VS + VDD or “1” position. Note that when in this position,
VS on the input terminal block pin will be at the same
potential as the VDD pin.
• To use Dual (separate) Supply Operation, place the
jumper in the VDD or “2” position.
VS + VDD
VS + VDD
1
2
Single Supply Operation
POWER SUPPLY REQUIREMENTS
1
2
Dual (separate) Supply Operation
Factory Default
Figure 6. Power Select Jumper Settings
The VDD power supply is used to power the WTC3243
internal control electronics and must be capable of sourcing
a minimum of 8 mA of current. If a fan is needed, the fan
draw current on VDD will also need to be added to the
minimum required current.
VS powers the WTC3243 output stage and must be sufficient
to provide 1.1 times quiescent current and TEC current.
VS = 1.1 * (ITEC + VS_QUIESCENT)
For VS, when selecting a power supply, choose a voltage
as close to the operating voltage of the TEC as possible to
maximize efficiency and minimize the WTC internal power
dissipation.
© 2015
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12
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
SET THE VSET SOURCE JUMPER
Figure 7 shows the jumper positions and Figure 8 shows
the jumper location.
• To use the onboard trimpot to generate the setpoint
voltage (VSET), move the jumper to the trimpot or “T”
position.
• To use an external voltage source through the remote
setpoint (RSET) input, move the jumper to the external
or “X” position.
• To use the high voltage setpoint (HSET) input, completely
remove the jumper. Using the HSET setting bypasses
the Data Acquisition Failsafe Protection circuit.
NOTE: When the VSET SOURCE jumper is in the “X”
position or removed, the voltage dialed in using the SET T
trimpot on the WTC3293 is ignored.
X
T
Trimpot is Source
(Factory Default)
X
T
X
RSET is Source
T
HSET is Source
Figure 7. VSET Source Jumper Settings
SET THE SENSOR BIAS SWITCH
Use Table 4 to configure the evaluation board for your
temperature sensor type. Sensor signal at SEN+ (TB4)
should not exceed (VDD - 2 V). The minimum recommended
signal is 250 mV in order to meet published specifications.
Figure 8 shows the switch location.
SENSOR BIAS SWITCH
(100 μA shown)
SENSOR GAIN JUMPER
(GAIN = 1 shown)
Table 4.
Sensor Dipswitch Configuration
SENSOR TYPE
1 mA
100 μA
10 μA
0 to 2.5 kΩ Thermistor
(with Sensor Gain = 10)
OFF
ON
OFF
2.5 kΩ to 25 kΩ
Thermistor
OFF
25 kΩ to 250 kΩ
Thermistor
OFF
100 Ω Platinum RTD
ON
ON
1
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
3
ON
ON
OFF
1
ON
OFF
ON
1
ON
OFF
OFF
1
VSET SOURCE JUMPER
(use onboard trimpot shown)
Figure 8. Sensor Bias Switch & VSET Jumper Location
ON
LM335
(with Sensor Gain = 10)
ON
AD590
(See sensor-specific
wiring diagram)
OFF
OFF
OFF
1
ON
OFF
OFF
1
Black indicates switch head position.
© 2015
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13
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
SET THE SENSOR GAIN JUMPER
The Sensor Gain Jumper allows the user to amplify sensor
voltage. The minimum recommended signal is 250 mV in
order to meet published specifications. Figure 8 shows the
jumper location and Figure 9 shows the jumper position.
• If the sensor voltage is in the acceptable range, use
the 1X position and the sensor signal will pass through
without amplification.
• If the sensor voltage is very low, such as when using
a low resistance thermistor (< 2.5 kΩ) or RTD (100 Ω),
move the jumper to the 10X position to amplify the
sensor feedback signal by a factor of ten.
• Sensor signal at SEN+ (TB4) should not exceed VDD - 2V.
GAIN
1X
Factory Default
GAIN
10X
Table 5 suggests starting points for P GAIN and I TERM
depending on your sensor type. To optimize control, refer
to Tech Note TN-TC01: Optimizing Thermoelectric Control
Systems.
Table 5. Proportional Gain and Integrator Time Constant
Starting Suggestions
P GAIN
(A / V)
P GAIN
TRIMPOT
RESISTANCE
(RP)
TP5 & TP6
I TIME
CONSTANT
(ITC)
I TERM
TRIMPOT
RESISTANCE
(RI)
TP6 & TP7
Thermistor
10
11.1 kΩ
3 seconds
21.4 kΩ
100 Ω Platinum
RTD
50
100 kΩ
1 second
120 kΩ
LM335
25
33.3 kΩ
2 seconds
35.9 kΩ
AD590
(Attach a 10 kΩ
resistor across
Sen+ and Sen-)
25
33.3 kΩ
2 seconds
35.9 kΩ
SENSOR TYPE
To adjust the P GAIN, use an ohmmeter to measure
resistance between Test Points 5 and 6 (TP5 & TP6).
Figure 9. Sensor Gain Jumper Settings
Adjust the P GAIN trimpot to the desired resistance; see
Table 5 for suggested starting points. An online design
calculator is available to assist in determining resistance
values.
SET THE PROPORTIONAL GAIN AND
INTEGRATOR TIME CONSTANT
NOTE: This step must be done without the WTC3243
installed to allow for accurate resistance readings. The
Proportional Gain (P GAIN) and Integrator Time Constant
(I TERM) can be adjusted during operation, but resistance
readings will not match the table if the WTC3243 is installed.
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php
Or use Equation 1 to calculate the P GAIN trimpot
resistance.
Equation 1.
RP =
(
Calculating RP from P GAIN
)
100,000
100
-1
PGAIN
Equation 2.
P GAIN
PGAIN =
I TERM
[Ÿ]
Calculating P GAIN from RP
(
)
100
100,000 + 1
RP
[A / V]
Where:
RP is in Ohms (Ω)
PGAIN is in Amps / Volts (A / V)
Figure 10. Location of the P GAIN and I TERM Trimpots
© 2015
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14
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
To adjust the I TERM, use an ohmmeter to measure resistance
between Test Points 6 & 7 (TP6 & TP7).
INSTALL THE WTC3243 ON THE WTC3293
EVALUATION BOARD
Adjust the I TERM trimpot to the desired resistance, see
Table 5 for suggested starting points. An online design
calculator is available to assist in determining resistance
values.
!
THE
NOTCH AT THE TOP OF THE WTC3243 MUST BE
ORIENTED AT THE TOP OF THE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
(PCB). THIS ORIENTATION PLACES PIN 1 IN THE UPPER
LEFT CORNER. SEE FIGURE 11 BELOW FOR PROPER
ORIENTATION.
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php
Or use Equation 3 to calculate the I TERM trimpot resistance.
Equation 4 shows how to calculate the I TERM, given the
trimpot resistance.
Equation 3.
RI =
(
WAVELENGTH
ELECTRONICS
Calculating RI from ITC
100,000
)
(1.89) ITC - 1
USE
WITH
[Ÿ]
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
ONLY
Equation 4.
Calculating ITC from RI
ITC = (0.53)
(
)
100,000
+1
RI
[Seconds]
Figure 11. WTC3243 Installed on WTC3293 Eval Board
Where:
RI is in Ohms (Ω)
ITC is in seconds
1. Match up the notch on the WTC3243 with the silkscreen
on the PCB.
2. Align the pins with the sockets, ensuring that all pins are
lined up in their respective sockets.
3. Press firmly to seat the WTC3243. Make sure that
none of the pins were bent during insertion before
continuing.
4. The pins alone do not provide sufficient mechanical
strength to secure the WTC to the circuit board. Install
two 4-40x3/8” screws from the bottom of the PCB into
the WTC3243 heat spreader. Choose opposite corners
that will not interfere with fan mounting.
5. Attach the snap-in standoffs. See Figure 12. WTC3293
Standoff Positioning on page 16.
.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
15
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
Follow Figure 13 to assemble the heatsink and fan to the
temperature controller.
Air Flow
Screw: 4-40 PHPH
(x 0.75” w/o FAN)
(x 1” with FAN)
30 mm FAN
WXC303 (+5 VDC) or
WXC304 (+12 VDC)
WHS302 Heatsink
WTW002
Thermal Washer
Heat Spreader
WTC3243
Actual fan wire configuration may be different than
shown.
Fan can be rotated on the WTC so the location of the
wires matches your PCB.
4-40 x 0.625”
nylon standoffs
(four provided)
Figure 13. Attaching the WEV Thermal Components
Figure 12. WTC3293 Standoff Positioning
Clean all of the mating surfaces on the WTC electronics
component and heatsink. It is important that no particulates or
foreign matter are on either surface.
Attach the adhesive side of the thermal washer to the bottom
of the heatsink, aligning the washer holes with the heatsink
holes.
ATTACH THE HEATSINK & FAN
The WTC3243 is designed to handle currents as high
as 2.2 A and installing a heatsink and fan is optional
when using less than +5 V or 500 mA during operation.
A heatsink and/or fan is mandatory when driving currents
higher than 500 mA or operating above +5 V.
Refer to the online SOA calculator to determine the Safe
Operating Area and proper thermal solution for your
application. Wavelength’s temperature controller SOA
calculator is found here:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/soa/soatc.php.
© 2015
If a fan is required, align the fan with the heatsink. The direction
of air flow, as indicated on the fan, is into the heatsink.
Attach the heatsink and fan assembly to the temperature
controller heat spreader, using two screws.
Connect the fan leads to Terminal Block 2 (TB2), securing
with a small flat head screwdriver. The red wire connects to
FAN (+) and the black wire to FAN (-).
The fan connects to the VDD supply, not VS, so be sure that the
correct voltage fan is selected, either +5 VDC or +12 VDC.
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16
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
ATTACH THE VDD AND VS POWER SUPPLIES
CONFIGURE THE HEAT AND COOL LIMITS
The VDD power supply is used to power the WTC3243
internal control electronics and must be capable of
sourcing a minimum of 8 mA of current. If a fan is needed,
the fan draw current on VDD will also need to be added
to the minimum required current. The VS power supply is
used to power the WTC3243 output stage and must be
capable of supplying a current greater than the Limit A
(LIMA) and Limit B (LIMB) current limit settings.
The WTC3293 Limit A (LIMA) and Limit B (LIMB) trimpots
independently adjust the heat and cool current limits from
zero to a full 2.2 A.
For simple operation, set the Power Supply Jumper to “1”
or Single Supply Operation (see Figure 6) and then use
the power jack. The power jack is tied to VDD. To separate
the supplies, set the Power Jumper to “2” or Dual Supply
Operation and use either the terminal block (TB1) alone
or a combination of the power jack and VS on TB1.
Use PGND for the power return. The common (COM)
terminal on the WTC3293 is not intended to act as a
power connection, but as a low noise ground reference
for monitor signals.
A separate power supply allows the output stage to
operate at a voltage lower than the VDD supply or up to the
+30 V maximum. Select VS approximately 1.0 Volt above
the maximum voltage drop across Output A (OUTA) and
Output B (OUTB), which is also the voltage across the
thermoelectric controller, to reduce the power dissipation
on the WTC3243 component and minimize the heatsinking
requirements. When sizing the power supply, take the
temperature controller, load, and heatsink components
into consideration.
The 2.5 mm input power jack is attached to VDD. You can
use the Wavelength PWRPAK power supplies with this
jack. Use either the power jack or the power inputs on
TB1, not both.
!
!
© 2015
THE COMMON (COM)
TERMINAL ON THE WTC3293 IS
NOT INTENDED TO ACT AS A POWER CONNECTION, BUT AS A
LOW NOISE GROUND REFERENCE FOR MONITOR SIGNALS.
Use Equation 5 to calculate the voltage at LIMA or LIMB
corresponding to the desired limit current (ILIM).
Equation 5.
Calculating LIMA or LIMB from ILIM
LIM = (0.3 * ILIM) + 1
Where:
LIMA or LIMB is in Volts (V)
ILIM is the desired maximum output current, in Amps (A)
Once the LIMA and LIMB values are determined, toggle
the ENABLE to ON to apply power to VDD and VS (no load
required). Rotate LIMA or LIMB trimpot and monitor the
respective voltage at LIMA and LIMB on TB3. Use COM as
ground reference. Turn the trimpots counter-clockwise to
reduce the limits or clockwise to increase them.
Use Table 6 to determine which limit trimpot sets the heating
and cooling limits based on the sensor and load type.
Table 6. LIMA and LIMB Current Limit Trimpot Function
SENSOR TYPE
LOAD TYPE
LIMA
TRIMPOT
LIMB
TRIMPOT
Thermistor
Thermoelectric
Cool Current
Limit
Heat Current
Limit
100 Ω Platinum
RTD, LM335,
AD590
Thermoelectric
Heat Current
Limit
Cool Current
Limit
Thermistor
Resistive Heater
Turn Fully
CCW
Heat Current
Limit
100 Ω Platinum
RTD, LM335,
AD590
Resistive Heater
Heat Current
Limit
Turn Fully
CCW
ONCE POWER IS CONNECTED TO THE EVALUATION
BOARD, ALL CONTROL ELECTRONICS ARE POWERED,
HOWEVER THERE IS NO DRIVE CURRENT AVAILABLE TO
OTHER COMPONENTS UNTIL THE WTC3293 ENABLE
SWITCH IS ON.
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17
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
CONNECT THE TEMPERATURE SENSOR AND
THERMAL LOAD OR A TEST LOAD
MONITOR THE SETPOINT TEMPERATURE AND
ACTUAL TEMPERATURE SENSOR VOLTAGE
With the ENABLE switch set to OFF (output is disabled),
connect the load (the thermoelectric cooler or resistive
heater) to the outputs (OUTA or OUTB). Use Table 6 to
determine the connections to the outputs.
Terminal Block 3 (TB3) includes three lines for externally
monitoring the WTC3243 temperature setpoint voltage
(SET T) and the actual temperature sensor voltage levels
(ACT T). Both the SET T and ACT T voltages are measured
from the COMMON (COM) terminal.
Table 7. OUTA & OUTB Wiring Configuration
SENSOR TYPE
NTC Thermistor
100 Ω Platinum
RTD, LM335,
AD590
NTC Thermistor
LOAD TYPE
OUTPUT A
(OUTA)
OUTPUT B
(OUTB)
Thermoelectric
Negative TEC
Terminal
Positive TEC
Terminal
Thermoelectric
Positive TEC
Terminal
Negative TEC
Terminal
Resistive Heater
Quick Connection: Connect
the resistive heater to OUTA
and OUTB. Adjust the cooling
current limit to zero by turning
the LIMA trimpot fully CCW.
Maximum Voltage
Connection: Connect one side
of the heater to OUTB and the
other to the voltage source VS.
100 Ω Platinum
RTD, LM335,
AD590
Resistive Heater
Quick Connection: Connect
the resistive heater to OUTA
and OUTB. Adjust the cooling
current limit to zero by turning
the LIMB trimpot fully CCW.
Convert the monitor voltages to sensor resistance for
thermistors and RTDs, and to temperature for LM335s and
AD590s using the following equations.
Table 8. Converting the SET T and ACT T Monitor Voltages
SENSOR TYPE
Thermistor
R=
100 Ω Platinum RTD
(where Sensor Gain is 10)
R=
LM335 or AD590
Connect thermistors and RTD sensors, which are not
polarized, to SEN+ and SEN- on Terminal Block 4 (TB4).
Connect LM335 and AD590, which are polarized, as shown
below.
Voltage*
( Sensor Bias Current ) [Ÿ]
/ 10
( SensorVoltage*
Bias Current )
[Ÿ]
T = (Voltage* - 2.7315) * 100 [ºC]
* Voltage refers to the measurements made from the
ACT T or SET T points, in Volts (V). Sensor Bias Current
is in Amps (A).
Maximum Voltage
Connection: Connect one side
of the heater to OUTA and the
other to the voltage source VS.
Resistive temperature sensors and LM335 type temperature
sensors should connect their negative termination directly
to Pin 13 (GND) to avoid parasitic resistances and voltages
affecting temperature stability and accuracy.
VOLTAGE CONVERSION
WAVELENGTH
ELECTRONICS
DMM
USE
WITH
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
ONLY
VDD
SEN+
Figure 15. WTC3293 Evaluation Board & Voltmeter
SEN+
SEN-
10 kŸ
To read the ACT T, attach the voltmeter to the ACT T and
COM wires.
SEN-
Figure 14. Connecting IC Temperature Sensors
© 2015
To read the SET T, attach the voltmeter to the SET T and
COM wires.
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18
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
ADJUST THE TEMPERATURE SETPOINT
VOLTAGE
The setpoint voltage can be adjusted either by using the
evaluation board’s onboard SET T trimpot or by connecting
a remote voltage source or potentiometer to the RSET or
HSET inputs. Only one of these setpoints can be used.
When controlling correctly, the SET T matches the ACT T at
the desired temperature.
The setpoint voltage can also be adjusted using the
evaluation board by connecting a remote voltage source
or potentiometer to the remote setpoint (RSET) or the high
voltage setpoint (HSET) inputs.
To adjust the SET T, with the voltmeter attached to the
SET T and COM wires, turn the SET T trimpot screw. Rotate
the trimpot clockwise to increase or counter-clockwise to
decrease the voltage. The SET T trimpot can be adjusted
from 0 V to 5 V. To get above 4.5 V, increase VDD to a
minimum of 5.5 V. To read the actual temperature and
setpoint temperature of the device, the power needs to be
connected.
NOTE: If you are not getting a setpoint reading, make sure
your VSET jumper is set correctly.
• The RSET input is subject to the Data Acquisition
(DAQ) Failsafe Protection circuit. If RSET drops below
0.3 V, the setpoint will be overridden and set to 1 V. See
the Additional Technical Notes section for changing
these defaults. RSET is limited to 0 to 6.5 V.
• The HSET remote setpoint input is not subject to the
DAQ Failsafe Protection circuit. It is limited to 0 to
(VDD – 2.5 V).
ENABLE AND DISABLE THE OUTPUT CURRENT
Toggle the ENABLE switch to ON. Output is enabled when
the green LED light is on. If there is no power to VS, the LED
will not light.
With the power connected, an external enable signal to the
remote enable (REN) on TB2 can be used.
0V
= ENABLE
Floating or >3 V
= DISABLED
The onboard switch overrides the external signal.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
19
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
DESIGN GUIDE — WTC3243
NECESSARY EQUIPMENT
The following equipment is the minimum necessary to
configure the WTC3243 for basic operation.
• WTC3243 Thermoelectric Controller
• Digital multimeter, 4-1/2 digit resolution recommended
• Custom Printed Circuit Board (PCB)
• Thermistor or other temperature sensor
• Peltier-type thermoelectric module or resistive heater
• Power supply or supplies
• Source for external setpoint (signal generator, trimpot
circuit, etc.)
• 5 to 6 Resistors for Limits (2), P GAIN, Integrator Time
Constant, Sensor Bias Current, Sensor Gain (optional)
• Thermal Solutions Kit, if operating above 5 V or 500 mA
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS WHEN USING THE
WTC3243 WITHOUT THE WTC3293 BOARD
The WTC3243 Thermoelectric Controller is designed to
be integrated into any custom printed circuit board (PCB)
using the following design specifications.
The following equations for resistors are incorporated in the
WTC3243 Circuit Design Calculator online at:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php
Wiring diagrams for various load configurations are shown
on the subsequent pages. Equations from the calculator
follow the wiring diagrams.
SAFE OPERATING AREA AND THERMAL
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
SOA charts are included in this datasheet for quick
reference, but we recommend you use the online tools
instead. Refer to the SOA calculator for the WTC3243.
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/soa/soatc.php
!
© 2015
TO ENSURE SAFE OPERATION OF THE WTC3243
CONTROLLER, IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT YOU DETERMINE
IF THE UNIT IS GOING TO BE OPERATING WITHIN THE
INTERNAL HEAT DISSIPATION SAFE OPERATING AREA
(SOA).
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20
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
OPERATING WITH THERMISTOR TEMPERATURE SENSORS
QUICK CONNECT LEGEND
A thermistor sensor has the best sensitivity, very small size, a temperature
range of -80º to +150º C, but poor linearity.
DIAGRAM
REFERENCE
Thermistor temperature sensors should connect one terminal as close
as possible to GND (Pin 13) to avoid parasitic resistances and voltages
affecting temperature stability and accuracy.
The diagrams on this page demonstrate how to configure the WTC3243 for
operation with a thermistor temperature sensor. An online calculation utility
to determine resistances is available at:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php.
VDD
VSET = Sensor Resistance X Sensor Bias Current
TABLE OR EQUATION
RLIMA
Table 9 on page 25
RLIMB
Table 9 on page 25
RP
Table 11 on page 27
RI
Table 12 on page 27
RBIAS
Table 10 on page 26
Equation 6 & Equation 7
RT
Thermistor datasheet
RG
N/A
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VSET
RLIMA
Adjusting Limit
Currents
RLIMB
1
RP
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
VS
1
14
2
13
3
4
5
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
RI
1
-
11
10
TOP VIEW
+
VDD
RBIAS
RT
9
6
7
12
1
8 NC
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 16. Thermistor / TEC Operation -- Top View
VDD
VSET = Sensor Resistance X Sensor Bias Current
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VSET
1.5 k:
Adjusting Limit
Currents
RLIMB
1
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
RP
VS
1
14
2
13
3
4
5
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
1
7
12
11 NC
10 R
BIAS
9
6
RI
VS
TOP VIEW
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
VDD
RT
1
8 NC
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 17. Thermistor / Resistive Heater Operation -- Top View
IF YOU ARE UPGRADING FROM THE WHY5640: The position of Pin 1 on the WHY5640 is reversed (or mirrored) relative
to the position of Pin 1 on the WTC3243.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
21
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
OPERATING WITH RTD TEMPERATURE SENSORS
QUICK CONNECT LEGEND
An RTD sensor has good linearity, relatively small size, a temperature
range of -260º to +850º C, but poor sensitivity.
DIAGRAM
REFERENCE
Resistive temperature sensors should connect one terminal as close
as possible to GND (Pin 13) to avoid parasitic resistances and voltages
affecting temperature stability and accuracy.
The diagrams on this page demonstrate how to configure the WTC3243 for
operation with a Platinum RTD temperature sensor. An online calculation
utility to determine resistances is available at:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php.
VDD
TABLE OR EQUATION
RLIMA
Table 9 on page 25
RLIMB
Table 9 on page 25
RP
Table 11 on page 27
RI
Table 12 on page 27
RBIAS
Table 10 on page 26
Equation 6 & Equation 7
RT
Sensor datasheet
RG
Table 10 on page 26
Equation 8
VSET = Sensor Resistance X Sensor Bias Current X 10, for 100 : RTDs
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VS
14
1
VSET
Adjusting Limit
Currents
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
3
RLIMB
4
1
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
13
2
RLIMA
5
RP
+
11
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
VDD
10 R
BIAS
RT (RTD)
9
6
TOP VIEW
7
RI
12
8
1
RG
NOTE: Removing RG and grounding
Pin 8 will add an internal sensor gain
of 10.09. Pin 9 will read 10 times less
than Pin 2. If used with the evaluation
PCB, Pin 9 will match Pin 2.
1
1
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 18. RTD / Thermoelectric Operation -- Top View
VDD
VSET = Sensor Resistance X Sensor Bias Current X 10, for 100 : RTDs
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VSET
RLIMA
Adjusting Limit
Currents
1.5 k:
1
RP
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
VS
1
14
2
13
3
4
5
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
7
11
VDD
10 R
BIAS
RT (RTD)
9
6
RI
VS
12 NC
TOP VIEW
8
1
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
RG
1
1
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 19. RTD / Resistive Heater Operation -- Top View
NOTE: Removing RG and grounding
Pin 8 will add an internal sensor gain
of 10.09. Pin 9 will read 10 times less
than Pin 2. If used with the evaluation
PCB, Pin 9 will match Pin 2.
IF YOU ARE UPGRADING FROM THE WHY5640: The position of Pin 1 on the WHY5640 is reversed (or mirrored) relative
to the position of Pin 1 on the WTC3243.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
22
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
OPERATING WITH LM335 TYPE TEMPERATURE SENSORS
QUICK CONNECT LEGEND
LM335 temperature sensors have the best linearity, good sensitivity, a
temperature range of -40º to +100º C, but are large in size.
DIAGRAM
REFERENCE
LM335 type temperature sensors should connect their negative termination
directly to Pin 13 (GND) to avoid parasitic resistances and voltages affecting
temperature stability and accuracy.
The following diagrams demonstrate how to configure the WTC3243 for
operation with a National Semiconductor LM335 temperature sensor. An
online calculation utility to determine resistances is available at:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php.
VDD
TABLE OR EQUATION
RLIMA
Table 9 on page 25
RLIMB
Table 9 on page 25
RP
Table 11 on page 27
RI
Table 12 on page 27
RBIAS
Table 10 on page 26
Equation 7
RT
Sensor datasheet
RG
N/A
o
VSET = (10mV/K) x Operating Temp K
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VSET
RLIMA
Adjusting Limit
Currents
1
14
2
13
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
3
RLIMB
4
1
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
VS
5
RP
10
TOP VIEW
7
-
+
11
VDD
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
RBIAS
9
6
RI
12
RT (LM335)
LM335
8 NC
1
1
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 20. LM335 / Thermoelectric Operation -- Top View
VDD
VSET = (10mV/K) x Operating Temp oK
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VS
14
1
VSET
Adjusting Limit
Currents
RLIMA
1.5 k:
1
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
RP
13
2
3
4
5
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
RI
7
11
10
VDD
TOP VIEW
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
RBIAS
9
6
VS
12 NC
RT (LM335)
LM335
8 NC
1
1
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 21. LM335 / Resistive Heater Operation -- Top View
IF YOU ARE UPGRADING FROM THE WHY5640: The position of Pin 1 on the WHY5640 is reversed (or mirrored) relative
to the position of Pin 1 on the WTC3243.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
23
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
OPERATING WITH AD590 TYPE TEMPERATURE SENSORS
QUICK CONNECT LEGEND
AD590 type temperature sensors have the best linearity, good sensitivity,
a temperature range of -20º to +105º C, but are larger in size. Operation
requires that VDD be +8 V or greater.
DIAGRAM
REFERENCE
The following diagrams demonstrate how to configure the WTC3243 for
operation with an Analog Devices AD590 Temperature Sensor. An online
calculation utility to determine resistances is available at:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/wtc/default.php.
(1PA x 10k:)
VSET =
x Operating Temp oK
K
VDD
TABLE OR EQUATION
RLIMA
Table 9 on page 25
RLIMB
Table 9 on page 25
RP
Table 11 on page 27
RI
Table 12 on page 27
RBIAS
N/A
RT
Sensor datasheet
RG
N/A
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VS
VSET
RLIMA
Adjusting Limit
Currents
14
2
13
3
RLIMB
4
1
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
1
5
RP
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
12
7
VDD
10 NC
AD590
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
9
6
RI
-
+
11
TOP VIEW
8 NC
10k:
1
1
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 22. AD590 / Thermoelectric Operation -- Top View
VDD
VSET =
(1PA x 10k:)
x Operating Temp oK
K
OR
D/A
Bandgap
Voltage
Reference
VDD
VSET
RLIMA
Adjusting Limit
Currents
1.5 k:
1
Adjusting PI
Control Loop
RP
VS
1
14
2
13
3
4
5
WTC3243
Temperature
Controller
7
11
VDD
10 NC
AD590
9
6
RI
VS
12 NC
TOP VIEW
10 k:
Actual
Temperature
Monitor voltage
8 NC
1
1
TIE GROUND CONNECTIONS DIRECTLY TO PIN 13
Figure 23. AD590 / Resistive Heater Operation -- Top View
IF YOU ARE UPGRADING FROM THE WHY5640: The position of Pin 1 on the WHY5640 is reversed (or mirrored) relative
to the position of Pin 1 on the WTC3243.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
24
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
Figure 25 shows fixed heating and cooling limits and is the
standard implementation.
CHOOSE THE HEATING AND COOLING
CURRENT LIMIT RESISTORS — R A & RB
RB
Use Table 9 to select appropriate resistor values for RA and
RB. The Heat and Cool Current Limits graph, Figure 24,
shows the range of error for Table 9.
RA
Table 9. Maximum Output Current vs. Current Limit Resistor
MAXIMUM OUTPUT
CURRENT (A)
CURRENT LIMIT RESISTOR
(kΩ)
RA or RB
0.0
1.58
0.1
1.66
0.2
1.74
0.3
1.83
0.4
1.92
0.5
2.01
0.6
2.11
0.7
2.22
0.8
2.33
0.9
2.45
1.0
2.58
1.1
2.71
1.2
2.86
1.3
3.01
1.4
3.18
1.5
3.36
1.6
3.55
1.7
3.76
1.8
3.98
1.9
4.23
2.0
4.50
2.1
4.79
2.2
5.11
13
WTC3243
GND
3
4
LIMA
LIMB
Figure 25. Fixed Heat and Cool Current Limits
Figure 26 diagrams setting current limits independently using
trimpots. The 5 kΩ single turn trimpots shown adjust the
maximum output currents from 0 to 2.2 A.
RB
NŸ
SINGLE TURN
TRIMPOT
CCW
CW
NŸ
W
RA
NŸ
SINGLE TURN
TRIMPOT
CCW
CW
NŸ
W
13
GND
WTC3243
3
4
LIMA
LIMB
Figure 26. Adjustable Heat and Cool Current Limits
DISABLING THE OUTPUT CURRENT
The output current can be enabled and disabled, as shown in
Figure 27, using a Double Pole–Single Throw (DPST) switch.
In the following example, the effective limit resistance is 3 kΩ
or 1.3 A.
RB
NŸ
RB NŸ
ENABLE
DPST SWITCH
DISABLE
13
Figure 24. Max Output Current Limits
GND
NŸ
RA NŸ
RA
WTC3243
3
4
LIMA
LIMB
Figure 27. Disabling the Output Current
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
25
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
RESISTIVE HEATER TEMPERATURE CONTROL
SET THE SENSOR BIAS CURRENT AND SENSOR
The WTC3243 can operate resistive heaters by disabling GAIN RESISTORS
the cooling output current. When using Resistive Heaters Table 10 lists the suggested resistor values for R
and RG
BIAS
with NTC thermistors, connect LIMA (Pin 3) to GND (Pin 13) for various sensors and resistance values.
with a 1.5 kΩ resistor.
Equation 7 demonstrates how to calculate a value of RBIAS
Connect LIMB (Pin 4) to GND (Pin 13) with a 1.5 kΩ given a desired sensor bias current, I .
BIAS
resistor when using RTDs, LM335 type, and AD590 type
temperature sensors with a resistive heater.
Equation 7.
Calculating R
BIAS
DETERMINE IBIAS
The resistance of your sensor in conjunction with the sensor
bias current must produce a setpoint voltage between
0.25 V and (VDD - 2 V) in order to be used in the control
loop. Equation 6 shows the relationship.
• Connect a resistor RBIAS between BIAS (Pin 10) and VDD
(Pin 1) to set the sensor bias current.
• The LM335 always uses a 10 mA bias current (see
Table 8 for conversion equation).
Equation 6.
IBIAS =
Calculating IBIAS
VSET
Sensor Resistance
2
RBIAS =
[Ÿ]
IBIAS
Table 10. Resistor Value and Resistance Range
SENSOR TYPE
IBIAS
RBIAS
SENSOR
GAIN
RG
2.252 kΩ Thermistor
1 mA
2 kΩ
1
Open
5 kΩ Thermistor
200 μA
10 kΩ
1
Open
10 kΩ Thermistor
100 μA
20 kΩ
1
Open
20 kΩ Thermistor
50 μA
40 kΩ
1
Open
50 kΩ Thermistor
20 μA
100 kΩ
1
Open
100 kΩ Thermistor
10 μA
200 kΩ
1
Open
500 kΩ Thermistor
2 μA
1 MΩ
1
Open
100 Ω Platinum
RTD
1 mA
2 kΩ
10
Short or
100 Ω *
1 kΩ Platinum RTD
1 mA
2 kΩ
1
Open
LM335
1 mA
2 kΩ
1
Open
10 kΩ
Open
1
Open
RGAIN
AD590
* Sensor Gain with 100 Ω is exactly 10. Sensor Gain shorted is 10.09.
When using RTDs, signal can be very low. The sensor signal
applied to S+ (Pin 9) can be amplified up to a factor of 10 by
inserting a resistor, RG, between SG (Pin 8) and GND (Pin 13).
Connect SG (Pin 8) directly to GND (Pin 13) for a sensor gain
of 10.09. The lower the value of RG, the more gain applied to
the sensor signal.
Equation 8 demonstrates how to calculate a value for RG
given a desired sensor gain.
Equation 8.
RG =
© 2015
( (G
Calculating RG
90,900
SENSOR
www.teamWavelength.com
- 1)
- 10,000
) [Ÿ]
26
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
SET THE CONTROL LOOP PROPORTIONAL
GAIN RESISTOR
SET THE CONTROL LOOP INTEGRATOR TIME
CONSTANT
The control loop Proportional Gain can be set by inserting a
resistor, RP, between PGAIN (Pin 5) and +1V (Pin 6) to set
PGAIN from 1 to 100.
To set the control loop Integrator Time Constant (ITC), insert
a resistor, RI, between +1V (Pin 6) and I (Pin 7) to set ITC
from 0.53 to 4.5 seconds.
Table 11 lists the suggested resistor values for RP versus
sensor type and the ability of the thermal load to change
temperature rapidly.
Table 12 lists the suggested resistor values for RI versus
sensor type and the ability of the thermal load to change
temperature rapidly.
Table 11. Proportional Gain Resistor RP vs. Sensor Type and
Thermal Load Speed
Table 12. Integrator Time Constant vs. Sensor Type and
Thermal Load Speed
PROPORTIONAL
GAIN RESISTOR RP
PROPORTIONAL
GAIN ( A / V)
SENSOR TYPE /
THERMAL LOAD
SPEED
INTEGRATOR
RESISTOR RI
INTEGRATOR
TIME CONSTANT
(SECONDS)
SENSOR TYPE /
THERMAL LOAD
SPEED
4.99 kΩ
5
Thermistor / Fast
21.4 kΩ
3
Thermistor / Fast
24.9 kΩ
20
Thermistor / Slow
13.3 kΩ
4.5
Thermistor / Slow
100 kΩ
50
RTD / Fast
Open
0.53
RTD / Fast
Open
100
RTD / Slow
112 kΩ
1
RTD / Slow
24.9 kΩ
20
AD590 or LM335 / Fast
112 kΩ
1
AD590 or LM335 / Fast
100 kΩ
50
AD590 or LM335 / Slow
13.3 kΩ
4.5
AD590 or LM335 / Slow
Use Equation 9 to calculate RP from PGAIN.
Equation 9.
RP =
(
Calculating RP from PGAIN
)
100,000
100
-1
PGAIN
Equation 11 demonstrates how to calculate a value for
RI given a desired integrator time constant. The Integrator
Time Constant, ITC, is measured in seconds.
Equation 11.
[Ÿ]
RI =
To calculate PGAIN from RP use Equation 10.
Equation 10.
PGAIN =
(
100,000
)
(1.89) ITC - 1
[Ÿ]
Calculating PGAIN from RP
(
)
100
100,000
+1
RP
Equation 12 demonstrates how to calculate the ITC, given
a value for RI.
[A / V]
Equation 12.
ITC = (0.53)
© 2015
Calculating RI from ITC
www.teamWavelength.com
Calculating ITC from RI
(
)
100,000 + 1
RI
[Seconds]
27
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL NOTES
This section includes useful technical information on these
topics:
• Connecting an External Potentiometer
• DAQ Protection -- Change Defaults
• Eliminating Trimpots
• Changing the P GAIN to a Fixed Value
• Increasing Proportional Gain Range
• Changing the I TERM to a Fixed Value
• Changing LIM to a Fixed Value
• Changing Onboard Setpoint Trimpot to a Fixed
Resistance
• Safe Operating Area & Heatsink Requirements
DAQ PROTECTION -- CHANGE DEFAULTS
If the voltage set by the external input drops below 0.3 V,
the failsafe circuit is triggered and the setpoint defaults to
1 V. This prevents overheating of the load if the input signal
fails. The 1 V default is designed for 10 kΩ thermistors
(1 V = 25°C). This default is only used with RSET.
CONNECTING AN EXTERNAL POTENTIOMETER
RSET: Set the VSET SOURCE jumper in the “X” position
(subject to DAQ Failsafe Protection circuit). Place the
potentiometer’s CW terminal in the pin marked 2.5 V.
Connect the potentiometer’s wiper (W) to the pin marked
RSET and CCW terminal to the pin marked COM. Do not
use less than 2 kΩ resistance, or the 2.5 V will droop.
HSET: Remove the VSET SOURCE jumper (not subject to
DAQ Failsafe Protection circuit). Place the potentiometer’s
CW terminal in the pin marked 2.5 V. Connect the
potentiometer’s wiper (W) to the pin marked HSET and
CCW terminal to the pin marked COM. Do not use less
than 2 kΩ resistance, or the 2.5 V will droop.
Figure 29. DAC Protection Circuit Settings
To override the failsafe default, remove D1, use the HSET
input, or the onboard trimpot. To change the failsafe trip
point, change the voltage divider between D1 & D2.
Use Equation 13 to calculate the appropriate value.
TB2
(+) FAN
Equation 13.
(-)
CW
2.5 V
VTRIP =
W
REN
HSET
COM
Calculate Failsafe Trip Point Voltage
6.6 D2
D1 + D2
Where:
D1 default is 100 kΩ.
D2 default is 4.99 kΩ.
D1 should not go below 100 kΩ.
CCW
TB3
ACT T
To change the default once tripped, change the voltage
divider between D3 & D4. Use Equation 14 to calculate
the appropriate value.
SET T
RSET
LIMA
LIMB
COM
Equation 14.
VDEFAULT =
Figure 28. Example Wiring—External RSET Adjustment
Calculate Failsafe Default Voltage
6.6 D4
D3 + D4
Where:
D3 default is 49.9 kΩ.
D4 default is 9.76 kΩ.
D3 should not go below 49.9 kΩ.
D1, D2, D3, and D4 are 0805 size resistors.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
28
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
ELIMINATING TRIMPOTS
To simplify set up or to minimize thermal drift, Wavelength
recommends that you eliminate trimpots in circuitry. The
following details how to use fixed resistances in place of
trimpots. Wavelength can load boards at the factory to your
specific requirements. Contact Sales to request a Product
Variation.
CHANGING THE P GAIN TO A FIXED VALUE
CHANGING THE I TERM TO A FIXED VALUE
Once the system is optimized:
• Connect an ohmmeter to TP5 & TP6, without the
WTC3243 installed.
Once the system is optimized:
• Connect an ohmmeter to TP6 & TP7, without the
WTC3243 installed.
• Measure the PGAIN trimpot value across pins TP5 &
TP6.
• Measure the I TERM trimpot value across pins TP 6 &
TP7.
• Remove resistor P2.
• Remove resistor I2.
• Load P1 with a resistor of the value measured
(1206 size).
• Load I1 with a resistor of the value measured
(1206 size).
TOP VIEW
TEST POINT LOCATIONS
TOP VIEW
TEST POINT LOCATIONS
BOTTOM VIEW
RESISTOR LOCATIONS
BOTTOM VIEW
RESISTOR LOCATIONS
Figure 31. I TERM Setting
Figure 30. P GAIN Settings
INCREASING PROPORTIONAL GAIN RANGE
•
Change P2 to a 100 kΩ resistor for PMAX = 75 A / V.
•
Remove P2 (in finite resistance) for PMAX = 100 A / V.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
29
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
CHANGING LIM TO A FIXED VALUE
• Connect an ohmmeter to TP1 & TP3, without the
WTC3243 installed.
• Measure the LIMA trimpot value across pins TP1 &
TP3.
• Remove resistor LA2.
• Load LA1 with a fixed value to match the trimpot
resistance at the proper limit setting (1206 size).
• Repeat with LB2 and LB1 and TP4 & TP1, respectively.
CHANGING ONBOARD SETPOINT TRIMPOT TO
A FIXED RESISTANCE
• Connect an ohmmeter to TP1 & TP2, without the
WTC3243 installed.
• Measure the SET T trimpot value across pins TP1 &
TP2.
• Remove resistors ST3 and ST4.
• Load ST1 and ST2 such that:
Equation 15.
Setpoint =
Setpoint Resistance
2.5 * ST2
ST1 + ST2
TOP VIEW -- TEST POINT LOCATIONS
where:
ST1 + ST2 must be greater than 5 kΩ.
Setpoint is in Volts.
ST1 and ST2 are in Ohms (1206 size).
BOTTOM VIEW -- RESISTOR LOCATIONS
Figure 32. LIMA & LIMB Settings
Figure 33. Test Point Locations
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
30
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
SAFE OPERATING AREA CALCULATION
Figure 34 illustrates the SOA curve for the WTC.
The Safe Operating Area of the WTC controller is determined
by the amount of power that can be dissipated within the
output stage of the controller. If that power limit is exceeded
permanent damage can result.
!
DO NOT EXCEED THE SAFE OPERATING AREA (SOA).
EXCEEDING THE SOA VOIDS THE WARRANTY.
Refer to the Wavelength Electronics website for the most
up-to-date SOA calculator for our products. The online tool
is fast and easy to use, and also takes into consideration
operating temperature.
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/soa/soatc.php
SOA charts are included in this datasheet for quick reference,
however we recommend you use the online tools instead.
Follow these steps to determine if the driver will be operating
within the SOA.
• Refer to the thermoelectric datasheet to find the
maximum voltage (VMAX) and current (IMAX) specifications
• Calculate the voltage drop across the controller:
VDROP = VS - VMAX (VS is the power supply voltage)
• Mark VDROP on the X-axis, and extend a line upward
• Mark IMAX on the Y-axis, and extend a line to the right
until it intersects the VDROP line
• On the X-axis, mark the value of VS
• Extend a diagonal line from VS to the intersection of the
VDROP and IMAX lines; this is the Load Line
• If the Load Line crosses the Safe Operating Area line at
any point, the configuration is not safe
Figure 34. SOA for WTC3243
An example SOA calculation is shown in Figure 35 where:
VS= 12 Volts (Point C)
VMAX = 5 Volts
IMAX = 1 Amp (Point B)
VDROP = 12 - 5 = 7 Volts (Point A)
If the SOA Calculator indicates the WTC will be outside of the
Safe Operating Area, the system must be changed so that
less power is dissipated within the driver. See Wavelength
Electronics Application Note AN-LDTC01: The Principle of
the Safe Operating Area for information on shifting the Load
Line.
Figure 35. Example SOA Calculation
Refer to Figure 35 above and note that the Load Line is in
the Unsafe Operating Areas for use with no heatsink (1) or
the heatsink alone (2), but is outside of the Unsafe Operating
Area for use with heatsink and fan (3).
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
31
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
POTENTIAL CAUSES
SOLUTIONS
Temperature is decreasing
when it should be
increasing
-ORTemperature is increasing
when it should be
decreasing
The TEC may be connected
backwards to the WTC
Temperature increases
beyond setpoint and will
not come down.
The heatsink may be
inadequately sized to dissipate
the heat from the load and
the TEC module, and now the
system is in a condition called
thermal runaway
- Increase the size of the heatsink, add a fan to blow air over the heatsink,
and/or reduce the ambient air temperature around the heatsink.
The TEC and heatsink are
not adequately sized for the
thermal load
The heat being generated by the load may be too great for the TEC
to pump to the heatsink; a larger TEC may be needed. Consult our
Technical Note TN-TC01: Optimizing Thermoelectric Temperature
Control Systems and Application Note AN-TC09: Specifying
Thermoelectric Coolers.
There may be poor thermal
contact between components
of the thermal load
Use thermal paste or washers between the load / TEC and the
TEC / heatsink interfaces. Ensure the temperature sensor is in good
thermal contact with the load.
Unit may be operating outside
of the ideal region of the
temperature sensor
The sensor type and bias current should be selected to maximize
sensitivity at the target temperature. Thermistors provide the best
performance, particularly for applications where a single setpoint
temperature must be accurately maintained. For example, at 25°C
a 10 kΩ thermistor has a sensitivity of 43 mV / ºC, whereas an RTD
sensor has a sensitivity of 4 mV / ºC.
Proportional control term may
be set too high
Reduce the value of the proportional term. For more information,
reference our technical note TN-TC01: Optimizing Thermoelectric
Temperature Control Systems.
Heatsink may not be sized
correctly or may not have
adequate airflow
Ambient temperature disturbances can pass through the heatsink and
thermoelectric and affect the device temperature stability. Choosing a
heatsink with a larger mass and lower thermal resistance will improve
temperature stability. Adding a fan across the thermoelectric’s heatsink
may be required.
Current driven to the TEC or
heater may be insufficient
Increase the current limit – but DO NOT exceed the specifications of
the TEC or heater.
The controller may not have
sufficient compliance voltage to
drive the TEC or heater
Increase the power supply voltage; be certain to verify that the controller
is within the Safe Operating Area with Wavelength’s Temperature
Controller SOA calculator:
http://www.teamwavelength.com/support/calculator/soa/soatc.php
The sensor may not have good
contact with the heatsink and
load.
Use thermal paste or washers between the load / TEC and the
TEC / heatsink interfaces. Contact the thermoelectric manufacturer for
their recommended mounting methods.
Temperature does not
stabilize very well at the
setpoint
Temperature does not
reach the setpoint
© 2015
The convention is that the red wire on the TEC module connects to
TEC+ (Pin 12) and the black wire to TEC- (Pin 11). If your TEC is
connected in this manner and the problem persists, the TEC module
itself may be wired in reverse. Switch off power to the system, reverse
the connections to the WTC, and then try again to operate the system.
TEC wiring polarity is dependent on temperature sensor type (NTC vs.
PTC). Verify that the polarity is correct for the sensor type you are using
(see Table 7. OUTA & OUTB Wiring Configuration on page 18).
- Apply a thick layer of thermal paste or use thermal washers between
the load, the TEC surfaces, and the heatsink.
www.teamWavelength.com
32
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
TROUBLESHOOTING, continued
PROBLEM
POTENTIAL CAUSES
Temperature takes too long Temperature sensor may be
to reach setpoint
too far from the thermoelectric
SOLUTIONS
Avoid placing the temperature sensor physically far from the
thermoelectric. This is typically the cause for long thermal lag and
creates a sluggish thermal response that produces considerable
temperature overshoot near the desired operating temperature.
Current limit may be set too low Increase the current limit but DO NOT exceed the specifications of the
TEC or heater.
The WTC3293 is not
producing current
The P GAIN or I TERM may
be turned all the way counter
clockwise (CCW)
Turn the P GAIN and I TERM trimpot screws clockwise to the setting
suggested in Table 5.
The setpoint is 1 V higher
than it should be when
using the HSET input
The VSET SOURCE jumper
may be still in place
Remove the VSET jumper to use HSET input.
Overshoot with Small
Loads
The I TERM may be
overcompensating
With small, fast loads, the WTC has a tendency to overshoot by up to
10°C. This problem is caused by overcompensation by the integrator.
Take the I TERM out of the system by placing a shorting jumper between
Pin 6 (+1V) and Pin 7 (I)
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
33
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS
0.07 [1.8]
with heatsink and fan
with heatsink
↓ Air Flow ↓
Weights
WTC3243
WHS302 Heatsink
WXC303/4 Fan
0.40 [10.2]
1.27
[32.3]
0.48
[12.2]
0.01
[0.3]
0.87
[22.1]
0.31 [7.9]
BOTTOM VIEW
4-40 UNC
2 PLS
0.945 [24.00]
1.26
[32.0]
0.100
0.600 [2.54]
1.28
[15.24]
[32.5]
0.6 oz
0.5 oz
0.3 oz
WTC3243
0.945
[24.00]
0.600
[15.24]
Sym.
0.33
PIN DIAMETER: 0.020”
PIN LENGTH: 0.126”
PIN MATERIAL: Nickel Plated Steel
HEAT SPREADER: Nickel Plated Aluminum
PLASTIC COVER: LCP Plastic
ISOLATION: 1200 VDC any pin to case
THERMAL WASHER: WTW002
HEATSINK: WHS320
FANS: WXC303 (+5 VDC)
or WXC304 (+12 VDC)
0.100
[2.54]
0.20
[5.1]
PCB FOOTPRINT
0.900
[22.86]
1.30
[33.0]
0.945 [24.00] SQ.
The WTC3243 can be directly soldered
to a PCB or installed in a socket soldered
to the PCB. Two 7-pin SIP sockets are
required. Wavelength recommends
Aries Electronics, PN 25-0513-10.
0.125 [3.18] Thru
0.25 [6.4] DIA KEEPOUT
4 Required
0.038 [0.97] Dia Thru Hole
0.060 [1.52] Dia Pad
14 Required
0.100 [2.54]
0.175 [4.45]
Screw: 4-40 PHPH
(x.75” w/o FAN)(x1” w/ FAN)
0.900 [22.86]
0.023 [0.58]
0.023 [0.58]
Air Flow
WTC3243 ASSEMBLED WITH HEATSINK & FAN
30 mm FAN
WXC303 (+5VDC) or
WXC304 (+12VDC)
* Actual fan wire configuration
may be different than shown.
WHS302 Heatsink
Fan can be rotated on the WTC
so the location of the wires
matches your PCB layout.
Heat Spreader
WTW002
Thermal Washer
WTC3243
All dimensions are inches [mm]. All tolerances are ±5%.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
34
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS, continued
2.25 [57.15]
0.19 [4.83]
1.880 [47.75]
2.25
[57.15]
1.880
[47.75]
0.19 [4.83]
0.17 [4.32]
0.13[3.3] THRU
4 PLS
Weights
WTC3293 + WTC3243 1.6 oz
WHS302 Heatsink
0.5 oz
WXC303/4 Fan
0.3 oz
2.42 [61.47]
Direction for
Recommended
Airflow
1.39
[35.25]
2.02
[51.30]
0.52
[13.21]
0.63
[16.00]
The WTC3243 connects to the evaluation
board by two 7-pin SIP sockets. The
socket manufacturer is Aries Electronics,
PN 25-0513-10.
All dimensions are inches [mm]. All tolerances are ±5%.
© 2015
www.teamWavelength.com
35
WTC3243 TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
CERTIFICATION AND WARRANTY
SAFETY
CERTIFICATION
There are no user-serviceable parts inside this product. Return the
product to Wavelength Electronics for service and repair to ensure
that safety features are maintained.
Wavelength Electronics, Inc. (Wavelength) certifies that this
product met its published specifications at the time of shipment.
Wavelength further certifies that its calibration measurements are
traceable to the United States National Institute of Standards and
Technology, to the extent allowed by that organization’s calibration
facilities, and to the calibration facilities of other International
Standards Organization members.
WARRANTY
This Wavelength product is warranted against defects in materials
and workmanship for a period of one (1) year from date of shipment.
During the warranty period, Wavelength will, at its option, either
repair or replace products which prove to be defective.
WARRANTY SERVICE
For warranty service or repair, this product must be returned to the
factory. An RMA is required for products returned to Wavelength
for warranty service. The Buyer shall prepay shipping charges to
Wavelength and Wavelength shall pay shipping charges to return
the product to the Buyer upon determination of defective materials
or workmanship. However, the Buyer shall pay all shipping
charges, duties, and taxes for products returned to Wavelength
from another country.
LIMITATIONS OF WARRANTY
LIFE SUPPORT POLICY
This important safety information applies to all Wavelength
electrical and electronic products and accessories:
As a general policy, Wavelength Electronics, Inc. does not
recommend the use of any of its products in life support applications
where the failure or malfunction of the Wavelength product can
be reasonably expected to cause failure of the life support device
or to significantly affect its safety or effectiveness. Wavelength
will not knowingly sell its products for use in such applications
unless it receives written assurances satisfactory to Wavelength
that the risks of injury or damage have been minimized, the
customer assumes all such risks, and there is no product liability
for Wavelength. Examples of devices considered to be life support
devices are neonatal oxygen analyzers, nerve stimulators (for
any use), auto-transfusion devices, blood pumps, defibrillators,
arrhythmia detectors and alarms, pacemakers, hemodialysis
systems, peritoneal dialysis systems, ventilators of all types, and
infusion pumps as well as other devices designated as “critical”
by the FDA. The above are representative examples only and are
not intended to be conclusive or exclusive of any other life support
device.
REVISION HISTORY
DOCUMENT NUMBER: WTC3243-00400
The warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from improper
use or misuse of the product or operation outside published
specifications. No other warranty is expressed or implied.
Wavelength specifically disclaims the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES
REV.
DATE
CHANGE
Updated Quick Connect
Instructions
M
April 2014
N
August 2014
Added Accuracy specification
O
August 2015
Updated Compliance Voltage
specification
The remedies provided herein are the Buyer’s sole and exclusive
remedies. Wavelength shall not be liable for any direct, indirect,
special, incidental, or consequential damages, whether based on
contract, tort, or any other legal theory.
REVERSE ENGINEERING PROHIBITED
Buyer, End-User, or Third-Party Reseller are expressly prohibited
from reverse engineering, decompiling, or disassembling this
product.
WAVELEnGTH
ELECTRONICS
51 Evergreen Drive
Bozeman, Montana 59771
NOTICE
The information contained in this document is subject to change
without notice. Wavelength will not be liable for errors contained
herein or for incidental or consequential damages in connection
with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material. No part of
this document may be translated to another language without the
prior written consent of Wavelength.
© 2015
406-587-4910 (tel)
406-587-4911 (fax)
Sales & Tech Support
[email protected]
[email protected]
www.teamWavelength.com
36
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