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PREDATOR
Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight
Operation and
Maintenance Manual
Important Export Restrictions! Commodities, products,
technologies and services of this manual are controlled by
the U.S. Department of State Office of Defense Trade Controls,
in accordance with International Traffic in Arms (ITAR), Title
22, Code of Federal Regulations Part 120-130 and/or by the
Export Administration Regulations (EAR) of U.S. Department
of Commerce. At any time when a license or a written approval
of the U.S. Government is applicable to it, it is illegal and
strictly forbidden to export, intend to export, transfer in any
other manner whatsoever, sell any hardware or technical data,
provide any associated service to any non-U.S. resident, beyond
or within the United States territory, until the valid license or
written approval has been issued by the Departments of the U.S.
Government having jurisdiction. Additionally U.S. law prohibits
the sale, transfer, or export of items to certain restricted parties,
destinations, and embargoed countries, as identified on lists
maintained by the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department
of Commerce, and the U.S. Department of Treasury. It is the
responsibility of the Customer to be aware of these lists. The sale,
transfer, transportation, or shipment outside of the U.S. of any
product prohibited or restricted for export without complying
with U.S. export control laws and regulations, including proper
export licensing, documentation or authorization, is unlawful and
may result in civil and/or criminal penalties and/or constitute a
federal crime. Diversion contrary to U.S. law is strictly prohibited.
SAFETY SUMMARY
Before operating this product, carefully study this Operation and Maintenance Manual.
The Armasight Predator Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight is a precision electro-optical instrument and
requires careful handling. To avoid physical danger to the user and damage to the equipment, follow
all WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, and NOTES.
Below are definitions of the alerts that will appear throughout this Manual:
WARNING – Identifies a clear danger to the person operating the equipment.
CAUTION – Identifies risk of damage to the equipment.
NOTE – Highlights essential procedures, conditions, statements, and important instructional information for the user.
The information provided in this manual is for familiarization purposes only. The contents may undergo further
changes with no commitment by Armasight© to notify customers of any updates.
Armasight© assumes no responsibility for any misprints or other errors that this manual may contain.
© Armasight Inc. 2015
2
WARNING:
Always make sure your firearm is unloaded before you place the equipment on the firearm.
Verify that the chamber is empty, particularly if you stop the procedure and resume at a later
time. Safe handling rules should be followed at all times.
WARNING:
If a scope is mounted too far to the rear of a weapon, the eyepiece can injure the shooter’s brow.
Shooting at an uphill angle also increases this risk, because it shortens the distance between
the brow and the rear of the scope. For this reason, Armasight scopes are engineered to provide
generous eye relief. Therefore, when mounting your scope, we recommend positioning it as far
forward in the mounts as possible.
With hard-recoiling rifles, serious injury or even death can result from eyepiece impact
when discharging the firearm.
BEFORE SHOOTING THE FIREARM, verify that your installation provides sufficient space between the eyepiece and the scope to account for the recoil generated by your rifle.
NOTE: Give special attention to this warning when shooting uphill and/or from a prone position. These shooting conditions can dramatically reduce space allotted for recoil between your
eyes and the weapon. PLEASE maintain maximum distance when shooting magnum firearms or
firearms with heavy recoil. THE USER ASSUMES ALL RESPONSIBILITY AND LIABILITY FOR HAVING
THE ARMASIGHT RIFLESCOPE PROPERLY MOUNTED TO A FIREARM AND USING THE ARMASIGHT
RIFLESCOPE PROPERLY. ALWAYS CHECK THE CONDITION OF YOUR MOUNTING SYSTEM PRIOR
TO USING YOUR FIREARM.
WARNING:
This product contains natural rubber latex, which may cause allergic reactions! The FDA
has reported an increase in the number of deaths associated with sensitivity to natural latex
proteins. If you are allergic to latex, learn which products contain it and strictly avoid exposure
to those products.
CAUTION:
• To prevent thermal damage to the equipment, never point it (whether ON or OFF) directly at
the sun or any other source of high intensity light that the unprotected human eye cannot
tolerate (such as a welding arc). To prevent accidental exposure to these types of sources,
never leave the equipment around without the objective lens cap secured.
• Do not dismantle the equipment.
• Keep the equipment clean. Protect it from moisture, dramatic temperature changes, and
electrical shocks.
• DO NOT force the equipment controls past their stopping points.
• DO NOT leave the equipment activated during periods of non-operation.
• DO NOT store the equipment without first removing the batteries.
• Thoroughly clean and dry all items before placing them into the storage case.
NOTES:
• Predator must be zeroed each time it is mounted to a new weapon.
• To avoid losing unsaved data, DO NOT remove the batteries or disconnect the external power source while the Predator is on.
• Inadvertent sun damage is not considered a defect in material or workmanship, and is therefore not covered in the product warranty.
3
LIST OF CONTENTS
TITLE
Safety Summary
List of Contents
List of Figures
List of Tables
How to Use This Manual
PAGE
2
4
5
6
6
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 General Information
1.1.1 Type of Manual
1.1.2 Model Number and Equipment Name
1.1.3 Purpose of Equipment
1.1.4 Reporting Equipment Improvement Recommendations
1.2 Warranty Information and Registration
1.2.1 Warranty Information
1.2.2 Limitation of Liability
1.2.3 Product Warranty Registration
1.2.4 Obtaining Warranty Service
1.3 List of Abbreviations
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
10
2. DESCRIPTION AND DATA
2.1 System Description
2.2 Specifications
2.3 Standard Components
2.4 Optional Equipment
2.5 Key Features
11
11
13
15
17
18
3. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.1 Installation and Mounting
3.1.1 Battery Installation
3.1.2 Installing the Predator on a Picatinny/Weaver Rail
3.1.3 Clamping Device Adjustment
3.1.4 Mounting a Platform Ring
3.1.5 Fastening an Advanced Wireless Remote Control to a Weapon
3.1.6 Installing Additional Equipment
3.1.7 Connecting an Additional Equipment 3.2 Controls and Display Indications
3.2.1 Controls
3.2.2 Main Menu
3.3 Operating Procedures
3.3.1 Operating
3.3.2 Bore Sighting the Predator
3.3.3 Predator Shut-Down
19
19
19
19
20
21
21
21
22
23
23
25
30
30
33
34
4
4. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING
4.1 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
4.1.1 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services (PMCS)
4.2 Operator Troubleshooting
4.3 Maintenance
4.3.1 General
4.3.2 Cleaning Procedures
4.3.3 Bore Sighting
4.3.4 Battery Removal and Replacement
4.4 Return Instructions
35
35
35
37
37
35
38
38
38
39
APPENDIX
A List of Spare Parts
B Product Warranty Registration Card
40
40
42
LIST OF FigureS
FIGURE TITLE
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-20
3-21
3-22
3-23
4-1
A-1
Predator Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight Appearance
System Description
Standard Components
Optional Equipment
Battery Installation
Mount Assembling
Mount
Platform Ring
Advanced Wireless Remote Control
Armasight Digital Recorder DT Installation
Video Cabel
Controls
Button Control Panel
Main Menu Navigation Buttons
Main Menu
Palette Menu. Page 1
Palette Menu. Page 2
Reticle Menu
Boresight Menu
Enhancement Menu
Digital Contrast Correction
Sharpness Correction
Smart Scene Optimization
“Sky/Sea” Enhancement
Settings Menu
Setting Buttons
Reticle Patterns
Advanced Wireless Remote Control Battery Installation
Predator Spare Parts List
PAGE
11
13
15
17
19
20
20
21
21
22
22
23
24
25
26
26
26
27
27
28
28
29
29
29
30
31
32
38
40
5
LIST OF Tables
TABLE
TITLE
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
2-9
3-1
3-2
3-3
4-1
4-2
A-1
System Description
System Data
Optical Data
Electrical Data
Mechanical Data
Environmental Data
Advanced Wireless Remote Control (AWREC) Data
Standard Components
Optional Equipment
Controls and Indicators
Button Controls
Example of Calculating Boresight Corrections
Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Operator Troubleshooting
Predator Spare Parts List
PAGE
13
13
14
14
15
15
15
16
17
23
24
33
35
37
41
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
USAGE
Familiarize yourself with the entire manual before operating the equipment. Read the entire maintenance checklist before performing maintenance. Follow all WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, and NOTES.
MANUAL OVERVIEW
The Manual contains sections on operating and maintaining the Predator Thermal Imaging Weapon
Sight.
Throughout this Manual, the Predator Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight will be referred to as the Predator, “the scope,” or “the equipment.”
A List of Spare Parts is in Appendix A.
The Product Warranty Registration Card is in Appendix B.
6
1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1.1 TYPE OF MANUAL
Operation and Maintenance (including a List of Spare Parts).
1.1.2 Model Number and Equipment Name
The equipment is available in the following versions, which are structurally different in terms of thermal
imaging cameras:
Predator 336 2-8x25 (30 Hz) Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight,
FLIR Tau 2 - 336x256 (17μm) 30Hz Core, 25mm Lens
Predator 336 2-8x25 (60 Hz) Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight,
FLIR Tau 2 - 336x256 (17μm) 60Hz Core, 25mm Lens
Predator 640 1-8x25 (30 Hz) Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight,
FLIR Tau 2 - 640x512 (17μm) 30Hz Core, 25mm Lens
1.1.3 PURPOSE of Equipment
The Predator Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight is intended for use on a variety of hunting and sporting
weapons equipped with a Picatinny/Weaver rail. Displaying the thermal differences in the scene, the highperformance thermal imaging system of the Predator provides round-the-clock, all-weather detection and
discrimination of heat-generating objects (such as animals), including those that are hidden. The Predator
is effective at close and long ranges regardless of light and weather conditions, such as in total darkness or
through smoke, haze, fog, and light rain.
The Predator is available with optical magnifications 1× (Predator 640) or 2× (Predator 336). Predator also
provides up to 8× digital zoom (4× for Predator 336).
The Predator is powered by two CR123A (2×3V) batteries. The Extended Battery Pack or 6VDC/ 600mA
power source can also be used to power the Predator.
The Predator can be controlled by a wireless remote control that attaches to the weapon.
The Predator is equipped with a standard NTSC/PAL video input/output function that makes it possible to
connect to an external video display or monitor, or to record thermal images for field documentation or
training purposes. This also allows for transmission of data from remote displays to that of the Predator.
The Predator can be used in conjunction with other Armasight equipment, such as the Digital Video Recorder, MCS Miniature Collimating Sight, and other devices that can be mounted onto the scope’s Picatinny/Weaver rail or detachable platform ring.
Extremely reliable and versatile, the Predator is a highly useful, multifunctional addition to any security or
hunting weapon platform.
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1.1.4 Reporting Equipment Improvement Recommendations
User recommendations for improvements to the device are encouraged.
Mail your comments to:
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco, CA 94080
USA
Or, send an email to info@armasight.com.
1.2warranty INFORMATION and Registration
1.2.1 WARRANTY INFORMATION
This product is guaranteed to be free from manufacturing defects in material and workmanship under
normal use for a period of three (3) years from the date of purchase. This warranty does not cover the
battery or damage caused by leaking batteries. Nor does it protect against damage due to loss, misuse
or mishandling. The uncooled thermal camera sensor is warrantied for a period of ten (10) years from
the date of purchase.
In the event a defect that is covered by the warranty occurs during the 3 year period stated above, Armasight, at its option, will either repair or replace the product, and such action on the part of Armasight
shall be the full extent of Armasight’s liability, and the Customer’s sole and exclusive remedy. This warranty does not cover a product (a) used in other than its normal and customary manner; (b) subjected
to misuse; (c) subjected to alterations, modifications or repairs by the Customer or by any party other
than Armasight without prior written consent of Armasight; (d) special order or “close-out” merchandise or merchandise sold “as-is” by either Armasight or the Armasight dealer; or (e) merchandise that
has been discontinued by the manufacturer and either parts or replacement units are not available due
to reasons beyond the control of Armasight. Armasight shall not be responsible for any defects or damage that in, Armasight’s opinion, is a result from the mishandling, abuse, misuse, improper storage or
improper operation, including use in conjunction with equipment which is electrically or mechanically
incompatible with or of inferior quality to the product, as well as failure to maintain the environmental
conditions specified by the manufacturer.
This warranty is extended only to the original purchaser. Any breach of this warranty shall be waived
unless the customer notifies Armasight at the address noted below within the applicable warranty
period.
The customer understands and agrees that except for the foregoing warranty, no other warranties
written or oral, statutory, expressed or implied, including any implied warranty of merchantability or
fitness for a particular purpose, shall apply to the product. All such implied warranties are hereby and
expressly disclaimed.
1.2.2 Limitation of Liability
Armasight will not be liable for any claims, actions, suits, proceedings, costs, expenses, damages or
liabilities arising out of the use of this product. Operation and use of the product are the sole responsibility of the Customer. Armasight’s sole undertaking is limited to providing the products and services
outlined herein in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement. The provision of products sold and services performed by Armasight to the Customer shall not be interpreted, construed,
or regarded, either expressly or implied, as being for the benefit of or creating any obligation toward
any third party or legal entity outside Armasight and the Customer. Armasight’s obligations under this
Agreement extend solely to the Customer.
Armasight’s liability hereunder for damages, regardless of the form or action, shall not exceed the fees
or other charges paid to Armasight by the customer or customer’s dealer. Armasight shall not, in any
event, be liable for special, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including, but not limited to,
lost income, lost revenue, or lost profit, whether such damages were foreseeable or not at the time of
purchase, and whether or not such damages arise out of a breach of warranty, a breach of agreement,
negligence, strict liability or any other theory of liability.
8
1.2.3 Product Warranty Registration
In order to validate the warranty on your product, Armasight must receive a completed Product Warranty Registration Card for each unit, or the Customer can complete a warranty registration on our
website at www.armasight.com. Please complete the included form (Appendix B) and immediately
mail it to our Service Center:
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco, CA 94080
USA
1.2.4 Obtaining Warranty Service
To obtain warranty service on your unit, the End-user must notify the Armasight’s service department
in order to receive a Return Merchandise Authorization number (RMA#). The customer can do this by
sending an email to service@armasight.com.
When returning any product, please take or send the product, postage paid, with a copy of your sales
receipt, to our service center, Armasight Inc. at the address noted above. All merchandise must be fully
insured with the correct postage; Armasight will not be responsible for improper postage, or missing
or damaged merchandise during shipment.
When sending merchandise back, please write the RMA# clearly on the outside of the shipping box.
Please include a letter that indicates your RMA#, Name, Return Address, reason for service return, Contact information (such as a valid telephone number and/or e-mail address), as well as proof of your purchases that will help us to establish the valid start date of the warranty. Product merchandise returns
that do not have an RMA listed may be refused or be subject to a significant delay in processing.
Estimated Warranty service time is 10-20 business days. The End-User/Customer is responsible for postage to Armasight for any warranty service. Armasight will cover return postage/shipping to continental USA End-Users/Customers after warranty repair only if product is covered by the aforementioned
warranty. Armasight will return the product after warranty service via domestic ground service and/or
domestic mail. The postage and shipping fees for any other requested, required or international shipping methods will be the responsibility of the End-User/Customer.
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1.3 List of Abbreviations
µm
AWREC
C
CCW
CW
F
FL
g
H
hr
in
inf.
kg
L
lbs
m
mA
mil
min
mm
MOA
mrad
NO.
NTSC
NUC
OEM
oz
PAL
PMCS
POI
RMA#
sec
SEQ
SOA
SR
UCMNUC/ FFC
V
W
10
micrometer
Advanced Wireless Remote Control
Celsius (Centigrade)
counterclockwise
clockwise
Fahrenheit
Focal Length
gram
Height
hour
inch
infinity
kilogram
Length
pounds
meter
milliampere
angular mil
minute
millimeter
Minute of Angle
milliradian
Number
National Television Standards Committee
Non-Uniformity Correction
Original Equipment Manufacturer
ounce
Phase Alternating Line
Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
Point of Impact
Return Merchandise Authorization number
second
sequence
Second of Angle
Service Representative
User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/ Flat-Field Correction
Volt
Width
2
DESCRIPTION AND DATA
2.1 System DESCRIPTION
The Predator consists of two primary parts: a thermal imaging aiming device and a mount. The equipment comes as shown in Figure 2-1, with the mount secured to the body of the device.
Figure 2-1. Predator THERMAL IMAGING Weapon sight
The Predator is a thermosensitive device equipped with an aiming reticle. It can sense differences in
heat emitted by objects in its field of view, and converts the received temperature pattern into a viewable image that represents the scene in black & white or color, depending on the selected image
palette.
NOTE:
It is important that the Predator sensor receive sufficient thermal contrast between the target
and background area, or between the different parts of a target. For example, there would be a
vast temperature contrast between the snow and any heat target (such as an animal), making it
exceptionally easy to distinguish the target.
The main optical-electronic components of the Predator include: an objective Germanium thermal
lens, an eyepiece, a thermal-imaging camera, a display, a control card, and a button control panel. The
reticle is digitally input into the display that is in the image plane.
The Predator is equipped with manual eyepiece focusing and digital boresight adjustment.
11
To accommodate individual user needs, the Predator has a variety of digitally controlled options, such
as:
• Display brightness
• Digital zoom
• Reticle color selection
• Reticle type selection
• Reticle ON/OFF selection
• Palette color selection
• User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/ Flat-Field Correction (UCMNUC/ FFC)
• Boresight adjustments
• Imaging enhancements
• Custom settings
Predator scope is based on FLIR Tau 2.7.2 or later cameras that offer improved overall image quality in a
wide range of dynamic thermal environments. The Predator includes special, user-adjustable imaging
tools that include:
• Active Contrast Enhancement (ACE) – a digital “Contrast” correction that allows for a smart
scene optimization based on dynamic adjustments where a variety of contrast levels occur depending on relative scene temperature.
• Second Generation Digital Detail Enhancement (DDE) – a “Sharpness” correction that digitally enhances the picture for clearer imagery. Significantly sharpens edges and further reduces
image blurriness.
• Smart Scene Optimization (SSO) – a fine-tuning computational correction that significantly
improves an overall visual acuity for targets that have thermal signatures similar to the surrounding
background.
• Information-Based Histogram Equalization (IBHEQ) – a “Sky/Sea” enhancement; informationbased, environment dependent algorithm that automatically adjusts camera gain and excludes
pixels determined to contain unimportant information. Specifically helpful in scenes with large
expanses of visible sky or water.
• User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/ Flat-Field Correction (UCMNUC/ FFC).
There is a mechanical shutter between the camera sensor and the lens. This shutter is used to
perform a non-uniformity correction (NUC), also known as flat-field correction (FFC). During FFC,
the shutter presents a uniform temperature source for each detector element. While imaging the
flat-field source, the camera updates the offset correction coefficients, resulting in a more uniform
image. The Predator allow users to manually trigger or interrupt scheduled UCMNUC/ FFC.
• Silent Shutterless NUC™ (SSN) – In addition to user-controlled manual NUC/FFC, the Predator
offer a digital flat-field correction that can be used to extend periods between mechanical shutter
events, and to further reduce image blurriness. SSN is an always-ON enhancement.
Information on the current operating state (battery status, active function, the reticle running coordinate in the display etc.) is continuously displayed, making field operation of the Predator simple and
convenient.
Manufactured for exceptional durability, the Predator has a lightweight and robust aluminum body.
A side Picatinny/Weaver rail allows the user to install an optional Armasight Digital Video Recorder,
extended battery pack, or other equipment.
An optional detachable Platform Ring makes it possible to mount additional equipment to the top of
the device, such as the Armasight MCS Miniature Collimating Sight.
A standard NTSC/PAL video input/output connector enables an external video display (monitor/ TV) or
video recorder to be connected to the Predator. An external 6VDC/ 600mA power source can also be
connected to the Predator.
The quick-release mount of the Predator fits any Picatinny, MIL-STD-1913, or Weaver weapon rail. The
mount’s lever-cam clamping device ensures quick, easy and reliable mounting and removal.
The Predator is powered by two CR123A (2×3V) batteries.
The Predator is shown in Figure 2-2. The ITEM column of Table 2-1 indicates the number used to identify
items in Figure 2-2.
12
10
9
4
8
3
5
6
11
7
13
1
12
14
2
Figure 2-2. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
TABLE 2-1. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
Body
8
2
Mount
9
Eyepiece
3
Objective Lens Cap
10
Button Control Panel
4
Objective Lens
11
Side Picatinny/ Weaver Rail
5
Eyecup
12
Connector (closed with a Cap)
6
Eyepiece Focus Ring
13
Seating Rail
7
Battery Cap
14
M5x8 Flat Head Socket Cap Screw
Turn-Pull Switch
2.2 Specifications
Table 2-2. SYSTEM DATA
Item
Magnification
Objective Lens Type
Type of Focal Plane Array
Frame Rate
Pixel Array Format
Pixel Size
Display Type
Pixel Display Format
Display Brightness
Turn-on Time, max
Digital Zoom
Temperature Imaging Modes
(Image Palettes)
Predator 336 2-8x25
Predator 640 1-8x25
2×
1×
Germanium
FLIR Tau 2
30 Hz or 60 Hz
336×256
30 Hz
640x512
17 µm
LED VGA 060
640×480
Discretely Adjustable to 8 Levels
3 sec
1×, 2×, 4×
1×, 2×, 4×, 8×
White Hot, Black Hot, Fusion, Rainbow, Globow, Ironbow 1,
Ironbow 2, Sepia, Color 1, Color 2, Ice-Fire, Rain, and OEM Custom
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table 2-2. continued
Item
User-adjustable
Image Enhancement
Tools
Reticle Type
Reticle Color
Windage/Elevation Boresight
Adjustment Type
Windage/Elevation
Boresight Increment
Windage Adjustment Range
Elevation Adjustment Range
Analog Video
Input/Output Format
Output Resolution
Predator 336 2-8x25
Predator 640 1-8x25
•Active Contrast Enhancement (ACE) - “CONTRAST”
•Second Generation Digital Detail Enhancement (DDE) –
“SHARPNESS”
•Smart Scene Optimization (SSO) – “SMART SCENE”
•Information-Based Histogram Equalization (IBHEQ) – “SKY/ SEA”
•User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/
Flat-Field Correction (UCMNUC/ FFC)
•Silent Shutterless NUC™ (SSN)
6-Pattern Digitally Controlled: Dot 4 MOA, Line Dot,
Cross Center Dot, Cross, Crosshair, and No Reticle
Black, White, Red, Cyan
Digitally Controlled
1.2 MOA
0.35 mils
1.3 in / 100 yd
3.5 cm / 100 m
±96 MOA
±72 MOA
2.3 MOA
0.7 mils
2.5 in / 100 yd
6.6 cm / 100 m
±180MOA
±134 MOA
PAL / NTSC
640×480 pixels
Table 2-3. Optical Data
Item
Field of View
- ang. X degrees
- ang. Y degrees
Objective Focal Length
Objective F-number
Eye Relief
Focusing Range
Diopter Adjustment
Diopter Adjustment Range
Predator 336 2-8x25
Predator 640 1-12x25
13
10
25
20
25 mm
1:1
45 mm
20 m to inf.
Manual
±5 diopter
Table 2-4. Electrical Data
ITEM
Battery
Current Consumption, maximum
Battery Life at 20°C (68°F)
DATA
Two CR123A 3V Lithium batteries or two CR123 rechargeable
batteries with voltage from 3.0V to 3.7V (2)*
450 mA
Up to 4 hr (optional up to 12 hrs)
Extended Battery Pack
(Optional)
Two 18650 rechargeable batteries (3.7V), or four CR123 type
rechargeable batteries with voltage 3.7V max, or four standard
CR123A 3V Lithium batteries (operational time up to 8 hr)
External Power Supply
6 VDC / 600 mА
* Rechargeable batteries with voltage 3.0V-3.7V can be used only in devices with serial number starting from 140885
14
Table 2-5. Mechanical Data
Item
DATA
Weapon Mount Type
Overall Dimensions
Height of the Scope Axis
above Rail
Weight (w/o Batteries)
Picatinny MIL-STD-1913 and Weaver Rails
194×68×78 mm / 7.6×2.7×3.1 in
42 mm / 1.65 in
0.63 kg / 1.4 lbs
Table 2-6. Environmental Data
ITEM
DATA
Operating Temperature
-40 to +50°C / -40 to +122°F
Storage Temperature
Recoil Resistance
Environmental Rating
-50 to +70°C / -58 to +158°F
700g
Water and Fog-Resistant
Table 2-7. Advanced Wireless Remote Control (AWREC) DATA
ITEM
data
Type
Working Range
Battery
Battery Life at 20 °C (68 °F)
Overall Dimensions
Weight (with Battery)
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
Environmental Rating
Wireless Remote Control
Up to 0.5m
Single CR2032 Lithium battery (3V)
Approx. 10,000 clicks
48×39×18 mm 1.9×1.5×0.7 in
25 g / 0.9 oz
-30 to +50°С / -22 to 122°F
-50 to +70°С / -58 to 158°F
Water and Fog-Resistant
2.3 STANDARD COMPONENTS
The Predator standard components are shown in Figure 2-3 and listed in Table 2-8.
The ITEM NO. column indicates the number used to identify items in Figure 2-3.
3
1
5
6
7
8
2
4
9
10
11
Figure 2-3. STANDARD COMPONENTS
15
TABLE 2-8. STANDARD COMPONENTS
ITEM no.
DESCRIPTION
QUANTITY
1
Armasight Predator Thermal Imaging Weapon Sight
A thermal imaging aiming device. Comes fully assembled with a quick-release Picatinny/Weaver mount.
Objective Lens Cap
Securely protects the objective lens from dirt and mechanical damage and provides
thermal protection for the Predator. Comes attached to the objective lens.
Eyecup
A specially designed latex eyecup that reduces the amount of light that escapes
from the eyepiece and prevents illumination of the user’s face, minimizing the risk of
detection. Prevents ambient light from entering the equipment. Allows for correct and
comfortable positioning. Comes attached to the eyepiece.
Mount
A quick-release mount used to install the Predator on a Picatinny/Weaver rail. Comes
attached to the scope.
Battery Cassette
Intended for the installation of two CR123 batteries in the battery compartment. The
Predator comes with two battery cassettes (includes one installed in the battery compartment and one spare cassette).
CR123A Lithium Battery
Two CR123A batteries are used to power the Predator.
Advanced Wireless Remote Control (AWREC)
Allows the user to operate the Predator in short-time activation mode. Ensures quick
and silent activation/deactivation of the equipment. Comes with CR2032 (3V) battery
installed.
Picatinny Adapter for Advanced Wireless Remote Control
Allows the advanced wireless remote control to be installed on a weapon’s Picatinny/
Weaver rail.
Video Cable
A cable used to connect the analog video input/output of the Predator to external display devices (monitor, TV) or power sources. Supported input and output video formats
include PAL and NTSC.
Operation and Maintenance Manual
Provides safety information, equipment description, mounting procedures, operating
instructions, and preventive maintenance checks and services.
Carrying Case
A textile bag used for the transportation and storage of the Predator and its accessories.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
16
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2.4 Optional Equipment
Optional items are shown in Figure 2-4 and listed in Table 2-9.
The ITEM NO. column indicates the number used to identify items in Figure 2-4.
The PART NO. column indicates the primary number used by the manufacturer to identify an item.
2
3
4
5
1
6
7
Figure 2-4. OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
TABLE 2-9. OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
ITEM NO.
DESCRIPTION
Part no.
1
Shutter Eyeguard
Prevents light from being emitted by the Predator eyepiece.
Platform Ring
A dedicated mount with a Picatinny/Weaver rail, used to install the additional equipment on the Predator, such as the Armasight MCS Miniature
Collimating Sight.
Extended Battery Pack
The power source for extended operational time. Takes four CR123A Lithium
batteries (3V), or CR123 rechargeable batteries (3.2V or 3.7V), or two 18650
rechargeable batteries (3.7V).
Recorder DT Digital Video Recorder
A compact digital system used for video recording, storage and playback.
Can also serve as an external power source. Equipped with a remote control.
HD DVR Digital Video Recorder
High Definition Digital Recorder for all Armasight High Performance Digital
and Thermal Devices.
Extended Rail Adapter #85
Dovetail Weaver Picatinny Rail Adapter Extends 7.5” to 11.5” Tactical Scope
Mount.
Hard Shipping/ Storage Case
A protective case used for the shipping/storage of the Predator and its
accessories.
ANEC000010
2
3
4
5
6
7
ATAM000003
ATAM000008
ATAM000004
ATAM000005
ANAM000045
AGSC000009
17
2.5 Key Features
––
––
––
–
––
––
––
––
––
––
18
High-performance thermal imaging camera
Lightweight and robust design
Easy to operate
Manually adjustable eyepiece
Real-time display
Digital e-Zoom: 1x, 2x, 4x (and 8x for Predator 640)
Digitally controlled features:
• Palette
• Reticle
• Boresight
• Enhancement
• Settings
• Display Brightness
• Reticle Color
• Electronic Magnification
• User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/ Flat-Field Correction (UCMNUC/ FFC)
Current operational state information display (battery status, active profile, palette setting)
Wireless remote control
Analog video input and output (NTSC/PAL)
Powered by two standard CR123A batteries
Power input capability
Digital video recorder (optional)
Fits any Picatinny, MIL-STD-1913, or Weaver rail with an adjustable quick-release mount
Serviceability under severe conditions
Filled with dry nitrogen to prevent internal fogging
Water and fog-resistant
Limited 3-year warranty
10-year warranty on FLIR detector
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3.1 Installation and Mounting
3.1.1 Battery Installation
CAUTION:
Verify that the equipment is off before installing batteries.
Install two CR123A batteries as follows (refer to Figure 3-1):
1. Unscrew the battery cap (A).
2. Remove the battery cassette (B).
3. Insert the batteries (C) into cassette. Align the polarity symbols on the batteries with the polarity
symbols on the cassette.
4. Reinsert the cassette with installed batteries.
5. Replace the battery cap.
a
b
c
Figure 3-1. BATTERY INSTALLATION
3.1.2 Installing the Predator on a Picatinny/Weaver Rail
WARNING:
Always make sure your firearm is unloaded before you place the equipment on the firearm.
Always verify that the chamber is empty, especially if you stop the procedure and resume later.
Safe handling rules should be followed at all times
The Predator comes fully-assembled with a Picatinny/Weaver mount (Figure 3-2).
The mount (A) is attached to the scope seating rail (C) with two M5×8 flathead socket cap screws (B).
19
position 1
position 2
c
A
B
Figure 3-2. MOUNT ASSEMBLing
To install the Predator on a Picatinny/ Weaver rail, do the following:
1. Unlock the clamping device of the scope mount by pushing down on the lever holders (A, see Figure
3-3) and unlocking the levers (B).
2. Install the scope on the Picatinny/ Weaver rail so that the stops (C, see Figure 3-3) slides into the
transverse slots on the rail.
3. Affix the scope to the rail by locking the levers (B, Figure 3-3).
4. Verify that the clamping device is firmly holding the Predator. If necessary, adjust the clamping device’s lever-cam locks as detailed in Part 3.1.3 (Clamping Device Adjustment).
D
LOCKED
POSITION
UNLOCK
POSITION
UNderside
View
D
B
A
C
E
C
A
B
Figure 3-3. MOUNT
To provide you with greater flexibility in mounting Predator weapon sight on the weapon, the dual
lever mount can be installed in two different positions. On the bottom of the scope body there are two
pairs of threaded mounting holes in the seating rail. You can shift the mounting position of your Predator by an extra 1.5 inches backwards.
To change the position of Predator mount, please follow the instructions below:
1. Remove the two screws (B, Figure 3-2) that attach the mount (A, Figure 3-2) to the seating rail (C,
Figure 3-2).
2. Remove the mount.
3. Change the position of the mount.
4. Install the two screws into the mount and tight up the screws.
3.1.3 Clamping Device Adjustment
To adjust the mount’s clamping device, do the following:
1. Remove the Predator from the weapon.
2. With the clamping device unlocked (as shown in Figure 3-3), push the cam (E) towards the arrow,
which will cause the nut (D) to slide out of its hole.
3. To tighten/loosen the clamping device, push the cam (E) towards the arrow, which will cause the nut
(D) to slide out of its hole. Turn the nut (D) CW/CCW respectively, in one-two increments (see note
below). Backward-moving springs will cause the nut (D) to slide back into the hole.
20
NOTE:
The eight-sided nuts of the mount lever-cam locks will only fit into the hole if turned in one of
the discrete positions using increments equal to 360°/8.
4. Verify that the adjusted clamping device is firmly secured to the weapon mounting rail.
5. Repeat the procedure to adjust the clamping device’s second lever-cam lock.
3.1.4 Mounting a Platform Ring
Mount the Platform Ring (optional) on the Predator as follows (refer to Figure 3-4):
1. Using a 1.5 hex key, unscrew both clamp screws (C).
2. Place the clamps (B, D) onto the mounting tube. Screw the clamps together without tightening the
screws (C).
3. Adjust the position of the Platform Ring until its rail (A) is level. Apply a small amount of thread lock
to the threads and tighten the screws (C).
a
a
c
b
c
d
Figure 3-4. Platform Ring
3.1.5 Fastening an Advanced Wireless Remote Control to a
Weapon
Using the supplied Velcro tape (A, Figure 3-5), fasten the remote control (B) to your weapon in an easily
accessible place (e.g., on the front of the rifle stock).
If your rifle has a Picatinny or Weaver rail on the front end, you can use the Picatinny adapter for the
Advanced Wireless Remote (C). Install the adapter onto the rail (D). Insert the remote control unit into
the adapter.
B
B
a
C
D
Figure 3-5. Advanced wireless REMOTE CONTROL
3.1.6 Installing additional equipment
Use the side Picatinny/Weaver rail to install any additional equipment, such as the Armasight Digital
Video Recorder or the Extended Battery Pack.
Use a Platform Ring (optional) to install any additional equipment, such as the Armasight MCS Miniature Collimating Sight. For adapter mounting procedures, see Part 3.1.4.
21
3.1.7 Connecting an additional equipment
CAUTION:
Turn off the Predator before removing the batteries or connecting/ disconnecting any external
equipment.
Remove the connector protective cap.
Connect the cable from either the Armasight Digital Video Recorder or the Extended Battery Pack to
the Predator connector.
Figure 3-6. Armasight digital recorder DT INSTALLATION
Use the video cable plug (Figure 3-7, A) to connect an external video recorder/ monitor/ TV to the
Predator. Connect the video cable plug (C) to the Predator connector.
Use the video cable plug (B) to connect an external power source (6VDC/ 600mA) to the Predator. Connect the video cable plug (C) to the Predator connector.
C
B
A
Figure 3-7. video cable
NOTE:
The external power supply must have a standard OD double-pole socket with a positive center
contact.
CAUTION:
After removing the cable, replace the protective cap over the connector.
22
3.2 Controls and Display Indications
3.2.1 CONTROLS
CAUTION:
DO NOT force the equipment controls past their stopping points.
The Predator controls are shown in Figures 3-8 and 3-9 and are defined in Tables 3-1 and 3-2. The ITEM
NO. column of the tables indicate the numbers used to identify items in the figures.
NOTE:
Various display symbols indicating the current operating state of the Predator can be displayed
permanently, may appear momentarily, or can be set to appear only when a certain function
is activated.
3
2
1
4
Figure 3-8. CONTROLS
TABLE 3-1. CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
item no.
CONTROL/ INDICATOR
FUNCTION
1
Eyepiece Focus Ring
Adjusts the eyepiece diopter. The total diopter adjustment range is
covered with 2 turns of the ring.
2
Turn-Pull Switch
Activates the Predator when turned to ON.
NOTE:
You must pull the knob before turning in order to use either ON or
STB.
Activates standby mode when turned to STB.
Deactivates the Predator when turned to OFF.
3
Control Panel Buttons Configures operational settings. See Table 3-2 for button functions.
4
Remote Control
Button
—
Battery Status Indica- The color fill (green/ yellow/ red) bar in the battery icon indicates the
tor (Battery icon in
current power level of the internal battery, or the remaining battery life.
the top right hand
A shaded battery icon indicates a fully charged battery.
corner of the display)
A flashing, transparent battery icon indicates a low battery.
Activates/ deactivates the Predator in standby mode. To turn the unit
on, press the button once. To turn it off, press the button again.
23
The Predator button control panel is shown in Figures 3-9.
Table 3-2 contains the button functions and their brief descriptions. The ITEM NO. column of the table
indicates the number used to identify buttons in Figure 3-9.
NOTE:
Each button is responsible for some functions selected by briefly pushing or holding down the
button, or using the button in combination with a second one (as described in Table 3-2).
Pushing a button for 1.5+ seconds is considered “holding down.”
1
5
2
4
3
Figure 3-9. BUTTON CONTROL PANEL
TABLE 3-2. BUTTON CONTROLS
ITEM NO.
1, 3
FUNCTION
Display Brightness
Control
Push the button (1) to increase the screen brightness, or push the
button (3) to decrease screen brightness.
Image Palette
Control
To search available palettes, push and hold the button (1) or (3) to
scroll down or up respectively. There are 13 palettes available: White
Hot, Black Hot, Fusion, Rainbow, Globow, Ironbow1, Ironbow2, Sepia,
Color1, Color2, Ice-Fire, Rain, and OEM.
User-Controlled Man- Simultaneously holding down buttons (1) and (3) induces manual
ual Non-Uniformity
User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/ Flat-Field CorCorrection/ Flat-Field rection (UCMNUC/ FFC).
Correction (UCMNUC/
FFC)
Up, Down
2
4
24
DESCRIPTION
Use the UP (1) and DOWN (3) buttons to navigate through the items
on the menu.
Digital Zoom Control To change the zoom progressively, push the button (2).
Reticle on/ off
Pushing and holding the button (2) turns the reticle ON or OFF.
Reticle Color Control
To change the reticle color, push the button (4). There are four colors
available of the reticle: black, white, red, and cyan.
Reticle Pattern
Control
To scroll through the reticle types, push and hold button (4). There
are five types of reticles available: Dot 4 MOA, Line Dot, Cross Center
Dot, Cross, and Crosshair.
table 3-2. continued
ITEM NO.
2, 4
5
FUNCTION
DESCRIPTION
Reticle Position
Zeroing
Simultaneously holding down buttons (2) and (4) zeroes the reticle
position to the center of the screen.
Left, Right
Use the LEFT (4) and RIGHT (2) buttons to navigate through the items
on the menu.
Selection
Push the SELECTION button (5) to view the settings available for the
item selected.
MAIN Menu
Pushing and holding the button (5) will bring up the Main Menu
selection. The menu includes the following functions: Palette, Reticle,
Boresight, Enhancement, and Settings.
UCMNUC/ FFC Process
Interruption
Pushing the button (5) when the countdown is on the screen will
cancel the UCMNUC/ FFC and the shutter will not interrupt viewing.
3.2.2 MAIN MENU
Most setup options can be accessed from the MAIN MENU.
To display the MAIN MENU, push and hold down the MENU button (5) on the control panel (Figure
3-10).
(1) up
(5) Selection
(4) left
(2) right
(3) down
Figure 3-10. main menu navigation buttons
Once the MAIN MENU is displayed (Figure 3-11), use the UP and DOWN buttons (Figure 3-10) to navigate
through the items on the menu.
Push the SELECTION button to view the settings available for the item selected.
NOTES:
Navigate through sub-menu items by pushing UP and DOWN, except where otherwise indicated. The LEFT and RIGHT buttons are available only when specified on the menu screen with
< > symbols.
After a menu item is selected, push the SELECTION button to make the selected setting/ activate the selected function.
Select the EXIT item and then push the SELECTION button to return to the MAIN MENU.
25
MAIN MENU
> EXIT
PALETTE
RETICLE
BORESIGHT
ENHANCEMENT
SETTINGS
Figure 3-11. Main Menu
Palette Menu
The PALETTE menu (Figures 3-12 and 3-13) allows the user to select from a choice of temperature imaging modes: White Hot, Black Hot, Fusion, Rainbow, Globow, Ironbow 1, Ironbow 2, Sepia, Color 1,
Color 2, Ice-Fire, Rain, and OEM Custom.
NOTE:
To navigate through the items on the two-page PALETTE menu, hold down the UP/ DOWN
button.
The palettes act as color templates for visualizing temperature changes in the scene.
PALETTE
> EXIT
WHITE HOT
BLACK HOT
FUSION
RAINBOW
GLOBOW
IRONBOW1
IRONBOW2
Figure 3-12. Palette Menu. Page 1
PALETTE
> EXIT
SEPIA
COLOR 1
COLOR 2
ICE - FIRE
RAIN
OEM CUSTOM
Figure 3-13. Palette Menu. Page 2
NOTE:
The most popular palettes are White Hot and Black Hot, usually known as inversion. White Hot
mode is good for spotting targets, while Black Hot mode is most useful for situational reading.
26
NOTE:
Training and experience are required to quickly and properly interpret the thermal image being
displayed.
Reticle Menu
The RETICLE menu (Figure 3-14) allows the user to select from a choice of reticle patterns: Dot, Line Dot,
Crosshair Center Dot, and Crosshair.
To navigate through the items on the RETICLE menu, push and hold down the LEFT/ RIGHT button.
RETICLE
> EXIT
<> CROSS
Figure 3-14. Reticle Menu
Boresight Menu
The BORESIGHT function allows the user to change the position of the reticle in the display.
NOTE:
Remember that the center of impact on the target shifts in the opposite direction from
the direction that the reticle shifts. So, to bring the center of impact to the right/left and up/
down, you must shift the reticle to the left/right and down/up, respectively.
Figure 3-15 shows the boresight screen.
BORESIGHT
> EXIT
WINDAGE
<> 40
ELEVATION <> -5
Figure 3-15. Boresight Menu
To control reticle shifting, check the running reticle center coordinates, which are printed in the lower
left-hand corner of the display.
NOTE:
For display coordinates, the origin is the center of the display. The running coordinate of the reticle is the number of incremental shifts of the reticle from the center of the display. The negative
(-) sign appears before the displayed number when the reticle shifts left or down. The point of
impact (POI) on the target shifts right or up, respectively.
27
Push the LEFT and RIGHT buttons to adjust for windage. Moving the reticle in the positive (+) direction
(to the right) will move the POI to the left. Moving the reticle in the negative (-) direction (to the left)
will move the POI to the right.
Push the UP and DOWN buttons to adjust for elevation. Moving the reticle in the positive (+) direction
(up) will move the POI down. Moving the reticle in the negative (-) direction (down) will move the POI
up.
Every time one of these buttons is pushed, the reticle shifts a single pixel increment corresponding to
the minimum boresight correction value, and the point of impact on the target moves according to
the specified windage/elevation boresight increment, in the opposite direction to that of the shifting
reticle.
Every time one of these buttons is pushed for 3 sec, the reticle will shift in increments of 4 pixels until
you release the button.
Hold down both the LEFT and RIGHT buttons to reset to zero azimuth and elevation. The reticle will
shift to the display center.
Enhancement Menu
The ENHANCEMENT menu (Figure 3-16) allows the user to take advantage of advanced signal processing algorithms, in order to improve the quality of the picture that is being viewed under a variety of
different thermal environments.
ENHANCEMENT
> EXIT
CONTRAST
SHARPNESS
SMART SCENE
SKY/SEA
Figure 3-16. ENHANCEMENT Menu
CONTRAST – Active Contrast Enhancement (ACE) – a digital contrast correction that allows for a smart
scene optimization based on dynamic adjustments, where a variety of contrast levels occur. The adjustment range is from -8 to +8 with a default value of 0. Lower values will cause hotter objects to have
greater contrast, and higher values will cause colder objects to have greater contrast.
Contrast -8
Contrast +8
Figure 3-17. digital contrast correction
SHARPNESS – Second Generation Digital Detail Enhancement (DDE) – a sharpness correction that digitally enhances the picture, significantly improving edge sharpening and further reducing image noise.
The adjustment range is from -20 to +100, with a default value of 16. Lower values will create an image
with softer edges. Higher values will make objects sharper, enhance details, and increase the signalto-noise ratio.
28
Sharpness -20
Sharpness +100
Figure 3-18. sharpness correction
SMART SCENE – Smart Scene Optimization (SSO) – a fine-tuning computational correction that significantly improves overall visual acuity for targets with thermal signatures similar to the surrounding
background. Higher values provide a more linear automatic gain control, and objects with similar, but
not identical temperatures can be differentiated with greater accuracy. The adjustment range is from 0
to 100 with a default value of 100.
Smart Scene 0
Smart Scene 100
Figure 3-19. Smart Scene Optimization
SKY/SEA – Information-Based Histogram Equalization (IBHEQ) – a “Sky/Sea” enhancement – information-based, environment-dependent algorithm that automatically adjusts camera gain and excludes
pixels determined to not contain critical information. This is especially helpful in scenes with great expanses of visible sky or water. Turning the “Sky/Sea” enhancement ON will improve contrast, but at the
possible loss of some scene content.
Sky/See OFF - plane and banner are more
evident
Sky/See ON – More contrast devoted to
people and the boat
Figure 3-20. “Sky/Sea” enhancement
Settings Menu
The SETTINGS menu (Figure 3-21) allows direct changes to the saved rifle profiles, video standards, left
display margins, top display margins, and factory default settings.
29
The RIFLE PROFILE function allows the user to boresight the Predator to the weapon and then save the
boresighted reticle position map in the “Rifle Profile” tab. This can be done for the same scope with up
to 3 different rifles (Profile 1, Profile 2, and Profile 3).
The STANDARD function allows the user to select either the NTSC or PAL video standard.
The LEFT MARGIN function allows the user to move the display left/right by a fixed number of pixels.
The TOP MARGIN function allows to move the display up/down by a fixed number of pixels.
The SETTINGS menu also includes factory software revision information under FW: (firmware).
SETTING
> EXIT
RIFLE PROFILE
STANDARD
LEFT MARGIN
TOP MARGIN
FACTORY DEFAULTS
FW: (factory software revision)
Figure 3-21. Settings Menu
NOTE:
After configuration is complete, select EXIT on the MAIN MENU and push the SELECTION button
to leave the MAIN MENU. All settings will be saved.
3.3 OPERATIng Procedures
3.3.1 Operating
WARNING:
Always make sure your firearm is unloaded before you place the equipment on the firearm.
Always verify that the chamber is empty, especially if you stop the procedure and resume later.
Safe handling rules should be followed at all times.
CAUTION:
DO NOT force the equipment controls past their stopping points.
CAUTION:
To prevent thermal damage to the equipment, never point it (either ON or OFF) directly at the
sun or any other source of high intensity light that the unprotected human eye cannot tolerate
(such as a welding arc). To prevent accidental exposure to these sources, never leave the equipment around without first securing the objective lens cap.
Operating procedures are as follows:
1. Remove the Predator from the carrying case.
2. Install the Predator on the weapon’s Picatinny/Weaver rail.
30
3. Verify that the Predator is securely mounted to the weapon.
4. Remove the objective lens cap.
5. Activate the Predator by turning the turn-pull switch ON. After approximately 3 sec, video of the
thermal scene should appear.
6. Point the equipment at an object.
7. Adjust the Predator for your eyesight by turning the eyepiece focus ring CW up to the stop, and then
CCW until the display and symbols (such as the reticle) are as clear as possible.
NOTE:
The total diopter adjustment range is covered with 2 turns of the eyepiece focus ring.
8. Using the buttons on the control panel (Figure 3-22), configure the Predator to adapt it to your situation.
For more information on operational setting procedures, see Part 3.2 (Controls and Display Indications).
A. Adjust the brightness of the display to your preferred level.
Momentarily push the brightness adjustment buttons to increase (1) /decrease (3) the display
brightness by one level at a time until you reach your desired brightness level.
B. Use UCMNUC/ FFC (User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/ Flat-Field Correction)
function to improve image quality. As the camera and the detector heat up during use, the detector
pixels will drift. The pixels do not drift uniformly. The camera software compensates for the drift up
to an accurate position point, but when the limit is reached the UCMNUC/ FFC function is triggered.
A uniform mechanical shutter is placed between the lens and the detector for a moment and the
signal is processed.
Push and hold the two brightness control buttons (1 and 3) at the same time to manually trigger a
User-Controlled Manual Non-Uniformity Correction/ Flat-Field Correction.
If necessary, interrupt the automatic UCMNUC/ FFC process by pushing the central button (5) on the
control panel during the 5-second countdown, which will appear at the bottom of the display.
(1) Brightness Up/
PALETTE (FWD)
(2) Digital Zoom /
Reticle ON/ OFF
(4) Reticle Color /
Reticle Pattern
(3) Brightness DOWN /
Palette (BWD)
Figure 3-22. SETTING BUTTONS
C. Adjust the necessary adjustment using the MAIN MENU. See Part 3.2.2 (Using the MAIN
MENU).
NOTE:
After configuration is complete, select EXIT on the MAIN MENU and push the SELECTION button
to leave the MAIN MENU. All settings will be saved.
31
D. Select the color of the reticle.
Momentarily push the reticle color control button (4) to select among black, white, red, and cyan.
E. Turns reticle ON/ OFF.
Push and hold button (2) to turn reticule ON or OFF.
F. Select a reticle pattern.
Push and hold button (4) to select from a choice of reticle patterns: Dot 4 MOA, Line Dot, Cross Center Dot, Cross, and Crosshair (Figure 3-23).
Dot 4 MOA
line Dot
Cross Center dot
Cross
Crosshair
No reticle
Figure 3-23. RETICLE PATTERNS
NOTE:
The reticles appear in the most recently saved position on the display.
G. Use digital zoom to magnify the central area of the displayed scene.
Momentarily push the zoom control button (2) to slowly magnify into the displayed scene. The X1,
X2, X4 symbols will appear in the lower part of the display.
NOTE:
Digital zoom allows distant objects to appear larger; however, the resolution will be compromised. Zooming does not affect the boresight.
NOTE:
Digital zoom and reticle color control help target detection and discrimination.
9. To align the barrel of the weapon, place the reticle on the desired target. To allow for the bullet’s
travel (i.e. bullet drop, windage, and the target mobility), use the boresight adjusting buttons.
10. To operate the Predator in short-time activation mode, turn the switch to the STB position (standby).
To activate the scope, press the remote control button once. Press the remote control button again to
deactivate the scope.
CAUTION:
DO NOT leave the equipment activated when not in use.
32
3.3.2 Bore sighting the Predator
WARNING:
Always make sure your firearm is unloaded before you place the scope on the firearm. Reconfirm that the chamber is empty if you stop the procedure then resume later. Safe handling rules
should be followed at all times.
NOTE:
The Predator must be zeroed each time it is mounted to a new weapon.
NOTE:
When reticle at (0-0) coordinates there is an incline of 15 arc minutes for the scope’s optical
axis.
Boresight the Predator as follows:
1. Set in the Setting menu of Predator the correct profile that needs to be bore sighted.
2. Locate a target at the fire adjustment range (100yd or 100m for example).
3. Turn on the Predator.
4. Adjust the eyepiece to sharpen the image of the target.
5. Adjust the brightness of the display.
6. Select a reticle pattern.
7. Take aim by centering the reticle on the target and fire a series of shots (3-4).
8. Find the point of impact and measure its vertical and horizontal deviations from the center of the
target.
9. Work out the values of boresight correction required to compensate for the measured deviation of
the point of impact from the center of the target. Table 3-3 contains examples of calculating boresight correction values.
Table 3-3. EXAMPLE of CALCULATING BORESIGHT CORRECTIONS
(100yd and 100m fire ranges)
Model
Boresight Increment*
Measured Windage/Elevation Deflection of
the Point of Impact from the Target Center
(for example)
Correction Value
Windage
Elevation
Predator 336 2-8x25
Predator 640 1-8x25
1.3 in/ 100 yd
(3.5 cm/ 100 m)
2.5 in / 100 yd
(6.6 cm / 100 m)
5 in/ 10 in
(13 cm/ 25 cm)
5 in/ 10 in
(13 cm/ 25 cm)
5/1.3≈4 (13/3.5≈4)
4 reticle shifts
10/1.3≈7 (25/3.5≈7)
7 reticle shifts
5/2.5=2 (13/6.6≈2)
2 reticle shifts
10/2.5=4 (25/6.6≈4)
4 reticle shifts
* 1) To calculate boresight increment value for a fire range R different from 100 yards, use the coefficient
R/100. So at a range R (in yards) the boresight increment is: 1.3×R/100 (in) for Predator 336; 2.5×R/100
(in) for Predator 336.
2) To calculate boresight increment value in metric units for a fire range R different from 100m, use the
coefficient R/100. So at a range R (in meters) the boresight increment is: 3.5×R/100 (cm) for Predator 336;
6.6×R/100 (cm) for Predator 640.
33
10.
Use the BORESIGHT MENU to apply corrections required to bring the point of impact as close
as possible to the center of the target. See Part 3.2.2 (Using the MAIN MENU).
A. Use the LEFT and RIGHT buttons to adjust for windage. Moving the reticle in the positive (+) direction (to the right) will move the point of impact to the left. Moving the reticle in the negative (-)
direction (to the left) will move the point of impact to the right.
B. Use the UP and DOWN buttons to adjust for elevation. Moving the reticle in the positive (+) direction (up) will move the point of impact down. Moving the reticle in the negative (-) direction
(down) will move the point of impact up.
11. Fire a series of shots to check the boresight.
12. After completing the boresight adjustment procedure you can use the RIFLE PROFILE function of
Setting menu to save the boresighted reticle position map in the “Rifle Profile” tab. This can be done for
the same scope equipped to up to 3 different rifles (Profile 1, Profile 2, and Profile 3).
NOTE:
Set the menu for Rifle Profile 1 for the first weapon when you use it. If you want to keep that
boresight setting for that rifle, change to rifle Profile 2 for the next weapon, etc.
13. Turn the Predator OFF and place the cap over the objective lens.
3.3.3 Predator Shut-Down
NOTE:
Shut down the Predator properly to avoid losing unsaved settings and data.
Shut down the Predator as follows:
1. Be sure to save your settings and data.
2. Turn off the Predator.
3. Replace the cap on the objective lens.
4. Disconnect the cable (if applicable).
5. Place the cap on the connector.
6. Dismount the Predator from the weapon.
7. Remove the batteries.
CAUTION:
Do not store the Predator with the batteries still installed.
8. Store the Predator and all accessories in the carrying case.
34
4
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AND
TROUBLESHOOTING
4.1 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services
4.1.1 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE CHECKS AND SERVICES (PMCS)
Table 4-1 Preventive Maintenance Checks and Services (PMCS), has been provided so that you can keep
your equipment in good operating condition.
Perform functional tests in the order listed in Table 4-1.
Operating procedures are detailed in Chapter 3.
Explanation of Table Entries:
Seq No. column. Sequence numbers are for reference and appear in the order required to perform
checks and services.
Location of Item to Check/ Service column. Indicates the location and the item to be checked
or serviced.
Procedure column. Details the check/ service procedure.
Not Fully Mission Capable If... column. Indicates what faults will prevent your equipment from
operating successfully.
TABLE 4-1. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE CHECKS AND SERVICES
Seq
No.
Location of Item
to Check/ Service
Not Fully Mission
Capable If...
PROCEDURE
PRE-OPERATIONAL CHECKS
1
Completeness
Open storage/carrying case and inventory items
by comparing them with the data specified in this
manual.
Missing items.
2
Soft Carrying
Case
Shake out loose dirt or foreign material. Inspect for
tears, cuts, excess wear or damage.
3
Body
Inspect for cracks or damage. Scratches and gouges
are OK if operation is not affected. Inspect for missing parts.
Clean as required.
Cracked
parts.
4
Objective Lens
Cap
Inspect for cuts, tears and dirt.
Clean as required.
Cap is torn or cut. Cap is not secured to the housing of the lens.
or
damaged.
Missing
35
table 4-1. continued
Seq
No.
Location of Item
to Check/ Service
Not Fully Mission
Capable If...
PROCEDURE
5
Eyecup
Inspect for cuts, tears and dirt. Inspect for torn, bent
or improperly fitting eyecup.
Clean as required.
Cup is torn or cut.
6
Battery
Compartment
and Cap
Inspect for corrosion, moisture, and corroded or defective contacts. Inspect for cap damage or retainer
breaks. Inspect rubber gasket for damage.
Contacts are damaged or corroded.
Retainer is broken. Cap or rubber
gasket is damaged.
7
Lenses
Inspect for cleanliness, scratches, chips or cracks.
Clean as required.
Chipped or cracked. Scratches hinder vision through the equipment.
8
Eyepiece Focus
Ring
Rotate eyepiece focus ring to ensure the ring is not
too tight or too loose. Range is approximately 2
turns.
Ring gets stuck, is too loose, or
adversely affects the user’s ability
to properly adjust the diopter.
9
Turn-Pull Switch
Check for operation (without batteries).
Switch is inoperative.
10
Connector
Inspect for corrosion, moisture, and corroded or
defective contacts. Inspect for cap damaged or retainer breaks.
Contacts are damaged or corroded. Cap is damaged. Retainer
is broken.
11
Mount
Inspect for damage or corrosion, for missing parts.
Check for proper operation and attachment security.
Damaged. Missing parts. Clamping
device is inoperative.
12
Remote Control
Unit
Check for damage and missing parts.
Check Velcro tape for wear.
Damaged. Missing parts.
13
Video Cable
Inspect for damage. Inspect the cable connector for
corrosion, moisture, or corroded or defective contacts. Clean as required.
Damaged.
14
Platform Ring
(optional)
Inspect for damage, corrosion, or missing parts.
Check for proper operation. Clean as required.
Damaged. Missing parts.
OPERATIONAL CHECKS
NOTE:
For a complete operational check, it is necessary to connect a video monitor to the Predator.
15
Turn-Pull Switch
Install the batteries. Remove the objective lens cap.
Point the equipment at an object. Turn the equipment on. Look for a thermal image on the display.
Look for a flashing battery icon in the eyepiece
viewing area.
No thermal image. Battery icon is
flashing (indicates a low battery).
16
Control Board
Ensure the scope is responsive to control buttons.
Unresponsive buttons.
17
Remote Control
Turn the equipment to standby. Point the equipment at an object. Push and hold the remote control button. Look for a thermal image on the display.
Release the button. Turn off the equipment.
No image.
18
Video Cable
Connect an external monitor to the scope. Point
the equipment on an object. Turn the equipment
on. Look for an image on the monitor. Turn off the
scope. Disconnect the monitor.
No image.
19
Boresight
Test boresight as per Part 4.3.3.
POST-CHECK PROCEDURES
Turn off the equipment.
Replace the objective lens cap.
Remove the batteries.
Return the equipment and all accessories to the carrying case.
36
4.2 OPERATOR TROUBLESHOOTING
The purpose of troubleshooting is to identify the most frequent equipment malfunctions, probable
causes, and corrective actions required.
Table 4-2 lists the common malfunctions that may be found during the operation or maintenance of
the Predator. Perform the tests/inspections and corrective actions in the order listed.
This table does not list all of the malfunctions that may occur with your device, or all of the tests
and corrective actions that may be necessary. If you experience an equipment malfunction that is
not listed, or is not fixed by the corrective actions listed in the table, please contact Armasight’s Customer Service center.
TABLE 4-2. Operator Troubleshooting
Malfunction
PROBABLE CAUSE/ TEST/INSPECTION
The scope fails to activate.
Batteries are missing or improperly
installed.
Insert batteries or install correctly.
Batteries are dead.
Replace the batteries.
Batteries, surfaces, or contacts are
dirty or corroded.
Clean the contact surfaces with a pencil
eraser and/or alcohol and cotton swabs.
Remote control unit is damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
Remote control battery is dead.
Replace the battery as per Part 4.3.4.
The equipment is damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
The scope is not responsive
to control buttons.
The equipment is damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
Remote control does not
work.
Battery is missing or improperly
installed.
Insert battery or install correctly.
Battery is dead.
Replace the battery.
Battery surfaces or contacts are
dirty or corroded.
Clean the contact surfaces with a pencil
eraser and/or alcohol and cotton swabs.
Remote control unit is damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
Check eyepiece focus.
Refocus.
Check for fogging or dirt on objective lens and eyepiece.
Clean the lenses as detailed in Part 4.3.2.
The equipment is damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
Video cable is damaged.
Replace the video cable with a new one.
Please contact Customer Support.
Poor image quality.
No image on an external
monitor.
Corrective Action
The equipment is damaged.
Please contact Customer Support.
Hindered rotation of the
battery cap.
Dirty cap thread.
Clean the thread.
Damaged cap thread.
Replace the cap with a new one. Please
contact Customer Support.
Light is visible around
eyecup.
Check eyecup resilience.
If the eyecup is defective, please contact
Customer Support.
4.3 Maintenance
4.3.1 General
The Predator operator maintenance consists of operational tests, inspections for unit serviceability,
cleaning and mounting procedures, and corrective actions (troubleshooting and replacement of a
limited number of parts). Maintenance instructions covered elsewhere in this manual (PMCS, troubleshooting, etc.) are not repeated in this section.
37
CAUTION:
The Predator is a precision electro-optical instrument and must be handled carefully at all times
to prevent damage.
CAUTION:
DO NOT dismantle the equipment.
4.3.2 CLEANING PROCEDURES
Clean the Predator and optional items as follows:
1. Gently brush off any dirt from the equipment using only a clean, soft cloth.
2. Moisten the cloth with fresh water and gently wipe the external surfaces (except for optical surfaces).
3. Dry any wet surfaces (except for optical surfaces) with another clean, dry soft cloth.
4. Using a lens brush, carefully remove all loose dirt from optical surfaces (objective lens and eyepiece).
5. Slightly dampen a cotton swab with alcohol and gently wipe optical surface. Clean the optical surface using circular movements, starting from the center and moving out towards the edge. Do not
touch the lens holder. Change the cotton swab after each circular stroke. Repeat until the optical
surface is clean.
6. Clean the battery contact surfaces and contact springs with a pencil eraser and/or alcohol and cotton swabs.
CAUTION:
Thoroughly dry all items before placing them into the storage/carrying case.
4.3.3 Bore sighting
Perform the Predator bore sighting:
— When the Predator is mounted to a new weapon for the first time;
— After repair of the Predator/ weapon;
— As the need arises (in case of systematic inaccuracy or missing the target).
Refer to Part 3.3.2 for boresight procedure.
4.3.4 Battery Removal and Replacement
Refer to Part 3.1.1 for battery installation procedures.
Replace the remote control battery as follows:
1. Using a screwdriver, unscrew the four screws (A, Figure 4-1) that secure the cover to the bottom of
the unit. Remove the cover.
A
Figure 4-1. Advanced Wireless Remote Control Battery Installation
38
2. Replace the battery with new one (CR2032, 3V). Install the battery, aligning their polarity markings
(+/-) with those embossed on the compartment.
3. Replace the cover and tighten the screws (A).
4.4 Return Instructions
For service, repair or replacement, please email service@armasight.com.
To assist the Service Representative (SR) with determining if the item is repairable, please provide the
following information:
1. Serial Number of the defective item (engraved on bottom of the equipment).
2. Thorough description of the malfunction, defect or damage.
3. An explanation of how the malfunction, defect or damage occurred, if known.
If the SR determines that the item is under warranty or should be returned for repair, a Return Material
Authorization number (RMA#) will be provided.
When returning the Predator for service or repair, the following procedures should be followed to prevent any additional damage:
1. Make sure the scope is free of all contaminants such as dirt or any other foreign material.
2. Remove the batteries.
3. Place the cap over the objective lens.
4. Place the scope and accessories in the carrying case.
Place the scope, as well as a copy of the test report or detailed description of the failure, in a suitable
packing/shipping container. Mark the package with the RMA#. Ship using the fastest method (that is
both traceable and prepaid) to:
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco, CA 94080
USA
39
.
Appendix
A. List of Spare Parts
The parts authorized by this list of spare parts are required for the equipment operator maintenance.
The list includes parts that must be removed in order to replace authorized parts.
The PART NO. column indicates the primary number used by the manufacturer to identify an item,
which controls the design and characteristics of that item by means of its engineering drawings, specifications, standards, and inspection requirements.
4
3
7
6
5
8
2
1
11
15
13
12
16
9
14
17
Figure B-1. Predator SPARE PARTS LIST
40
10
TABLE A-1. Predator SPARE PARTS LIST
ITEM NO.
DESCRIPTION
PART NO.
1
25mm Objective Lens Cap
AZSOLC25
2
25mm Objective Lens Assembly
AZSOLA25
3
Connector Cap
AZSCNCP
4
Battery Cap
5
Turn-pull Switch
AZSSWT
6
Eyepiece Assembly
AZSEPA
7
Eyecup
AZSEC
8
Side Picatinny/Weaver Rail
AZSRRL
9
10
11
AZSBC
Mount
AZSQRM2
M5×8 Flat Head Socket Cap Screw
Battery Cassette
ALT
AZSBTCS
12
CR123A Lithium Battery
13
Advanced Wireless Remote Control
ANVR000001
ALT
14
Picatinny Adapter for Advanced Wireless Remote Control
ANRA000002
15
Video Cable
16
Operation and Maintenance Manual
17
Hard Shipping/ Storage Case
AZSVCB
AZSOMM
ANHC000004
41
B. Product Warranty Registration Card
In order to validate the warranty on your product, Armasight must receive a completed Product Warranty Registration Card for each unit, or the user must complete warranty registration on our website
(www.armasight.com). Please complete the included form and immediately mail it to our Service Center:
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco, CA 94080
USA
ARMASIGHT PRODUCT WARRANTY REGISTRATION CARD
PRODUCT INFORMATION
Product Name
Purchased From
Purchase Date
Product Serial #
CUSTOMER INFORMATION
Name
Address
City
Day Phone #
Country
Zip
Home Phone #
E-mail address
Customer Signature Required
42
v4-20151224
43
Armasight Inc.
815 Dubuque Avenue
South San Francisco
CA 94080, USA
Phone: (888)959-2259
Fax: (888)959-2260
Intl Phone/Fax: (650)492-7755
info@armasight.com
WARNING!
This product contains natural rubber latex
which may cause allergic reactions! The FDA
has reported an increase in the number of deaths
that are associated with an apparent sensitivity
to natural latex proteins. If you are allergic to
latex, it is a good idea to learn which products
contain it and strictly avoid exposure to those
products.
www.armasight.com
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