Getting Started Guide
Getting Started Guide
ESA Series Spectrum Analyzers
This manual provides documentation for the following instruments:
ESA-E Series
E4401B (9 kHz - 1.5 GHz)
E4402B (9 kHz - 3.0 GHz)
E4404B (9 kHz - 6.7 GHz)
E4405B (9 kHz - 13.2 GHz)
E4407B (9 kHz - 26.5 GHz)
and
ESA-L Series
E4411B (9 kHz - 1.5 GHz
E4403B (9 kHz - 3.0 GHz)
E4408B (9 kHz - 26.5 GHz)
Manufacturing Part Number: E4401-90473
Printed in USA
June 2015
Supersedes: December 2012
© Copyright 2001-2015 Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Notice
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice.
Agilent Technologies makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this material,
including but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness
for a particular purpose. Agilent Technologies shall not be liable for errors
contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the
furnishing, performance, or use of this material.
The following safety symbols are used throughout this manual. Familiarize
yourself with the symbols and their meaning before operating this analyzer.
WARNING
Warning denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure which, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in injury or loss of life. Do not
proceed beyond a warning note until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
CAUTION
Caution denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure that, if not correctly
performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or destruction of the analyzer.
Do not proceed beyond a caution sign until the indicated conditions are fully
understood and met.
NOTE
Note calls out special information for the user’s attention. It provides operational
information or additional instructions of which the user should be aware.
Additional Information
For the latest information about this analyzer, including firmware upgrades,
application information, and product information, see the following URL:
http://www.agilent.com/find/esa/
2
Contents
1. Installation and Setup
Initial Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Checking the Fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
AC Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Why Aren’t All the Personality Options Loaded in Memory? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Using an External Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Firmware Revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Running Internal Alignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Printer Setup and Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2. Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front-Panel Connectors and Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front and Rear Panel Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24
24
28
31
36
38
39
3. Making a Basic Measurement
Using the Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Menu Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a User Preset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing a Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
43
43
44
44
45
4. Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating and viewing files in the catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting a Floppy Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1. Set up the analyzer trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 2. Save the file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading a file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Renaming a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copying a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Alpha Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
53
55
55
57
57
59
61
63
64
65
66
3
Contents
5. Options and Accessories
Ordering Options and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Option Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
50 Ohm/75 Ohm Minimum Loss Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
75 Ohm Matching Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
AC Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
AC Probe (Low Frequency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Broadband Preamplifiers and Power Amplifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Carrying Strap (Part Number E4401-60028) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
External Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
GPIB Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
USB/GPIB Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
HP/Agilent 11970 Series Harmonic Mixers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
HP/Agilent 11974 Series Preselected Millimeter Mixers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Agilent E1779B Battery Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Parallel Interface Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
RF and Transient Limiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
RF Bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
RS-232 Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Static Safe Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
6. In Case of Difficulty
Types of Spectrum Analyzer Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Before Calling Agilent Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Check the Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
Read the Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Service Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Connector Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Contacting Agilent Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Returning an Analyzer for Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
4
1
Installation and Setup
5
Installation and Setup
This chapter provides the following information that you may need when you first receive your
spectrum analyzer:
6
•
“Initial Inspection” on page 7
•
“Power Requirements” on page 9
•
“Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time” on page 14
•
“Printer Setup and Operation” on page 18
•
“Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” on page 21
•
“Running Internal Alignments” on page 17
•
“Safety Information” on page 22
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Initial Inspection
Initial Inspection
Inspect the shipping container and the cushioning material for signs of stress. Retain the shipping
materials for future use, as you may wish to ship the analyzer to another location or to Agilent
Technologies for service. Verify that the contents of the shipping container are complete. The
following table lists the items shipped with the analyzer.
Item
Description
Accessories
Adapter, Type-N (m) to BNC (f)
Not shipped with Option 1DP. Two adapters are shipped with Option
1DN.
Adapter, BNC (m) to F (f), 75 Ω
Shipped only with Option 1DP. Two adapters shipped with Option
1DQ.
Adapter, Type-N (m) to SMA (f)
Shipped only with Option 1DN for Agilent E4402B, E4403B,
E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B. Not shipped with
Option BAB.
Adapter, APC 3.5 (f) to APC 3.5 (f)
Shipped only with Option BAB.
Adapter, BNC (f) to SMA (m)
Shipped only with Option BAB.
Cable, BNC (m) to BNC (m), 203 mm
Shipped only with Agilent E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B,
E4407B, and E4408B.
Cable, SMA (m) to Type-N (m), 220 mm
Shipped only with Option 1DN for Agilent E4402B, E4403B,
E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B.
IntuiLink Toolbar software, CD-ROM
Provides a set of connectivity tools that enable you to easily move data
from your analyzer to your PC.
Power Cable (See Table 1-3 on page 12)
Connection for power source.
Standard Documentation Set
Getting Started Guide
Covers unpacking and setting up the analyzer, analyzer features, and
how to make a basic measurement. Includes information on options
and accessories, and what to do if you have a problem.
User’s/Programmer’s Guide
Describes analyzer features in detail, including front-panel key
descriptions, basic spectrum analyzer programming information, and
SCPI command descriptions.
Measurement Guide
Provides details on how to measure various signals, and how to use
catalogs and files.
Specifications Guide
Documents specifications, safety, and regulatory information.
Instrument Messages and Functional Tests
Includes instrument messages (and suggestions for troubleshooting
them), and manual functional tests.
Programming Conversion Guide
Describes SCPI programming command compatibility for 8590, ESA
series analyzers.
Chapter 1
7
Installation and Setup
Initial Inspection
Item
Documentation CD-ROM
NOTE
Description
Includes the documents in the standard set (listed above). You can
view and print the information as needed. See the CD-ROM jacket for
installation information.
If you purchased one or more optional measurement personalities, the related guides for the
options you ordered are included.
Service documentation is not included in the standard documentation set. See “Options and
Accessories” on page 67 for information on ordering.
If There Is a Problem
If the shipping materials are damaged or the contents of the container are incomplete:
8
•
Contact the nearest Agilent Technologies office to arrange for repair or replacement. You will not
need to wait for a claim settlement.
•
Keep the shipping materials for the carrier’s inspection.
•
If you must return an analyzer to Agilent Technologies, use the original (or comparable) shipping
materials (see “Returning an Analyzer for Service” on page 94).
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Power Requirements
The only physical installation of your Agilent spectrum analyzer is a connection to a power source.
Line voltage does not need to be selected.
WARNING
Failure to ground the analyzer properly can result in personal injury. Before
turning on the analyzer, you must connect its protective earth terminals to the
protective conductor of the main power cable. Insert the main power cable
plug into a socket outlet that has a protective earth contact only. DO NOT
defeat the earth-grounding protection by using an extension cable, power
cable, or autotransformer without a protective ground conductor.
If you are using an autotransformer, make sure its common terminal is
connected to the protective earth contact of the power source outlet socket.
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earth ground
incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall only be inserted in a
socket outlet provided with a protective earth contact. Any interruption of the
protective conductor inside or outside of the product is likely to make the
product dangerous. Intentional interruption is prohibited.
CAUTION
The Mains wiring and connectors shall be compatible with the connector used in
the premise electrical system. Failure, to ensure adequate earth grounding by not
using the correct components may cause product damage, and serious injury.
CAUTION
VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS: When installing the product in a cabinet, the
convection into and out of the product must not be restricted. The ambient
temperature (outside the cabinet) must be less than the maximum operating
temperature of the product by 4°C for every 100 watts dissipated in the cabinet. If
the total power dissipated in the cabinet is greater than 800 watts, then forced
convection must be used.
This instrument has auto-ranging line voltage input, be sure the supply voltage is
within the specified range and voltage fluctuations do not to exceed 10 percent of
the nominal supply voltage.
NOTE
This product is designed for indoor use only.
NOTE
For more information regarding analyzer specifications, see the Specifications
guide.
Chapter 1
9
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Table 1-1
AC Power Requirements
Description
Specifications
Voltage
90 to 132 Vrms (47 to 440 Hz)
Voltage
195 to 250 Vrms (47 to 66 Hz)
Power Consumption, On
< 300 W
Power Consumption, Standby
<5W
Table 1-2
DC Power Requirements
Description
Specifications
Voltage
12 to 20 Vdc
Power Consumption
< 200 W
Power Consumption, Standby
<5W
Checking the Fuse
Where IEC regulations apply, use a 5 by 20 mm, rated F5A, 250 V IEC approved fuse. This fuse may
be used with input line voltages of 115 V or 230 V. Its part number is 2110-0709.
Where UL/CSA regulations apply, use a 5 by 20 mm rated fast blow, 5 A, 125 V UL/CSA approved
fuse (part number 2110-0756). This fuse may only be used with an input line voltage of 115 V.
The line fuse is housed in a fuse holder in the upper left hand corner of the rear panel.
To remove the fuse, first disconnect the power cord from the analyzer. Then insert the tip of a
screwdriver into the slot at the middle of the fuse holder, and turn counterclockwise to extend the fuse
holder.
WARNING
10
For continued protection against fire hazard, replace fuses, and or circuit
breakers only with same type and ratings. The use of other fuses, circuit
breakers or materials is prohibited.
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
AC Power Cord
The analyzer is equipped with a three-wire power cord, in accordance with international safety
standards. This cable grounds the analyzer cabinet when connected to an appropriate power line
outlet. The cable appropriate to the original shipping location is included with the analyzer.
Various AC power cables are available that are unique to specific geographic areas. You can order
additional AC power cables for use in different areas. AC Power Cords, on page 12 lists the available
AC power cables, illustrates the plug configurations, and identifies the geographic area in which each
cable is appropriate.
NOTE
The front panel switch is a standby switch only; it is not a LINE switch (power
disconnecting device).
WARNING
Install the product so that the detachable power cord is readily identifiable
and easily reached by the operator. The detachable power cord is the
instrument disconnecting device. It disconnects the mains circuits from the
mains supply before other parts of the instrument. The front panel switch is
only a standby switch and is not a LINE switch. Alternatively, an externally
installed switch or circuit breaker (which is readily identifiable and is easily
reached by the operator) may be used as a disconnecting device.
CAUTION
Always use the three-prong AC power cord supplied with this product. Failure to
ensure adequate earth grounding by not using this cord can cause product damage.
CAUTION
This instrument has auto-ranging line voltage input, be sure the supply voltage is
within the specified range and voltage fluctuations do not to exceed 10 percent of
the nominal supply voltage.
Chapter 1
11
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Table 1-3
12
AC Power Cords
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Battery Information
The analyzer uses a lithium battery to enable the internal memory to retain data. The date when the
battery was installed is on a label on the rear panel of the analyzer. See Figure 1-1
The minimum life expectancy of the battery is 7 years at 25 °C , or 1 year at 55 °C . If you experience
problems with the battery or the recommended time period for battery replacement has elapsed, see
“Returning an Analyzer for Service” on page 94.
If you wish to replace the battery yourself, you can purchase the service documentation that provides
all necessary test and maintenance information.
After replacing the analyzer battery, write the date of battery replacement on the rear-panel label.
Figure 1-1
Rear-Panel Battery Information Label
You can order the service documentation for Agilent spectrum analyzers through your Agilent Sales
and Service office. The documentation is described under “Options and Accessories” on page 67.
NOTE
If the analyzer’s clock does not work, the problem is the battery. See “Returning an
Analyzer for Service” on page 94.
WARNING
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the
same or equivalent type recommended. Discard used batteries according to
the manufacturer’s instructions.
WARNING
The Agilent Technologies E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B,
E4408B, E4411B, E7402A, E7405A may be used with an E1779B
Rechargeable Battery Pack which contains a Ni-Cd battery. The battery must
be recycled or disposed of properly.
Chapter 1
13
Installation and Setup
Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time
Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time
— Plug in the power cord.
WARNING
If this product is to be energized via an external auto transformer for voltage
reduction, make sure that its common terminal is connected to a neutral
(earthed pole) of the power supply.
CAUTION
The analyzer is shipped with a a transportation disk inserted in the disk drive to
prevent damage to the disk drive during transportation. This transportation disk, or
a blank floppy disk, should be inserted in the disk drive whenever transporting the
analyzer.
NOTE
Do not connect anything else to the analyzer yet.
— Choose a power on preference using the switch on the rear panel (refer to “Rear-Panel Features” on
page 31, item 14). The PWR ALWAYS ON setting turns the analyzer on whenever external power
is applied. This mode is useful if an external power switch is used to control a rack of several
instruments. Nevertheless, if you set the analyzer to standby using the front panel Standby key and
the external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the analyzer will remain in standby.
The PWR NORM setting assigns analyzer on/off control to the front-panel On and Standby keys
(see “Front-Panel Connectors and Keys” on page 24, item 23). If the analyzer is on and the
external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the analyzer will turn on. On the other
hand, if the external power is removed and restored after 20 seconds, the analyzer will remain in
standby regardless of the front-panel switch settings.
— Press the | (On) key to turn the analyzer on.
Information Screen: An information screen appears during the initialization process. The information
screen contains the analyzer product number and a URL for accessing product support information on
the World Wide Web. See “Additional Information” on page 2.
NOTE
The information screen displays for approximately 10 seconds before the
initialization process is complete.
Record the firmware revision and serial number, and keep it for reference. If you
should ever need to call Agilent Technologies for service or with any questions
regarding your analyzer, it will be helpful to have this information readily
available. You can also obtain the firmware revision and serial number by pressing
System, More, Show System.
— Allow the analyzer to warm-up for 5 minutes before making a calibrated measurement. To meet its
specifications, the analyzer must meet operating temperature conditions.
14
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time
If the analyzer is an Agilent Technologies E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, or
E4408B, connect a BNC cable from the AMPTD REF OUT to INPUT 50 Ω using an adapter.
After a 5 minute warm-up, press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
CAUTION
When operating in dc coupled mode on analyzers with Option UKB ensure
protection of the input mixer by limiting the input level to 0 Vdc, +30 dBm.
When operating in ac coupled mode, ensure protection of the input mixer by
limiting the input level to 50 Vdc, +30 dBm.
NOTE
It is normal to hear clicking when the Auto Alignment function is on. See
“Running Internal Alignments” on page 17 for more information.
Why Aren’t All the Personality Options Loaded in Memory?
Many measurement personality options are available for use with this instrument. If the option is
loaded in the instrument, you must also have a license key entered, to use it.
Some versions of instrument hardware my not have enough memory to accommodate all the options
that you have ordered. If this is the case you will need to swap the applications in/out of memory, as
needed. It may also be possible to upgrade your hardware to have more memory. Contact your local
sales/service office.
Using an External Reference
If you wish to use an external 10 MHz source as the reference frequency, connect an external reference
source to the 10 MHz REF IN connector on the rear panel. The signal level should be greater than –15
dBm.
NOTE
It is not necessary to connect the 10 MHz REF OUT to the 10 MHz REF IN on the
rear of the analyzer. Doing so results in a “Frequency Reference Error” message.
1. To use an external frequency reference, connect it to the EXT REF IN connector on the rear panel
(see “Rear-Panel Features” on page 31).
Chapter 1
15
Installation and Setup
Firmware Revision
Firmware Revision
To view the firmware revision of your analyzer, press System, More, Show System. If you call
Agilent Technologies regarding your analyzer, it is helpful to have this revision and the analyzer serial
number available.
TIP
16
You can get automatic electronic notification of new firmware releases and other
product updates/information by subscribing to the Agilent Technologies Test &
Measurement E-Mail Notification Service for the PSA and ESA Series at
http://www.agilent.com/find/notifyme
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Running Internal Alignments
Running Internal Alignments
Each time the analyzer is powered on, the internal alignment routine runs automatically.
The analyzer was shipped from the factory with the Alignments mode set to Auto,
Align All.
NOTE
When the Alignment routine runs, you will hear the attenuator settings changing,
which generates noise. This is not an indication of trouble.
Manually Performing an Alignment
If the analyzer is an Agilent Technologies E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, or E4408B,
connect a BNC cable from the AMPTD REF OUT to INPUT 50 Ω using an adapter. After a 5 minute
warm-up, press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
NOTE
It is normal to hear clicking when the Auto Alignment function is on. During the
interval between sweeps, portions of the analyzer’s circuitry are realigned. Some
of the circuitry is controlled by relays. It is the rapid switching of these relays
between sweeps which causes the clicking sound. Under normal operation, these
relays will last over 50 years.
To eliminate the clicking sound, turn off the automatic alignment. (See the
Alignments key description in your User’s guide.”) With Auto Align turned off,
however, the Align Now All function should be performed periodically. For more
information on how often to perform Align Now All when the Auto Alignment
function is off, refer to the appropriate “Specifications and Characteristics” chapter
in your specifications guide.
If Auto Align, Off is selected, refer to the Specifications guide for the conditions required to maintain
calibration.
Chapter 1
17
Installation and Setup
Printer Setup and Operation
Printer Setup and Operation
A printer can be connected to your analyzer if it is equipped with an external I/O interface. Supported
printers accept Hewlett-Packard Printer Control Language Level 3 (PCL3) or 5 (PCL5). Refer to the
documentation or specifications supplied with your printer, or contact the manufacturer to identify
your printer’s language.
Equipment
•
IEEE 1284 compliant printer cable.
•
Supported and tested printers are listed below. Note that there are many PCL3/5 printers that may
work with your analyzer, however, they have not been tested.
— PCL3 printers include most HP DeskJet printers.
— PCL5 printers include most HP LaserJet printers.
NOTE
The following printers are not compatible with your analyzer:
HP Deskjet 720C, 722C, 820C and 1600C
Epson MX-80, FX-85, Stylus, and LQ-570
Printer Models
Language Type
Color Capable
HP DeskJet 310, 320, 350C, 400L
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 500C, 550C, 600, 660C, 672C, 680C,
682C, 690C, 693C
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 840C, 850C, 870C, 890C, 895C
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 935C, 970C, 990C
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 1120C, 1150C
PCL3
yes
HP Inkjet 2000C
yes
HP LaserJet III
PCL3/5
no
HP LaserJet 4P
PCL3/5
no
HP LaserJet 5L, 5M, 5N, 5P, 5SI
PCL3/5
no
PCL5
no
HP LaserJet 6L, 6MP
18
PCL 3
HP LaserJet 2100 Series,
PCL3/5
no
HP LaserJet 4050N
PCL3/5
yes
HP LaserJet 5000GN
PCL3/5
yes
HP Professional Series 2500CM
PCL3
yes
HP Professional Series 2500CM
PCL3
yes
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Printer Setup and Operation
Interconnection and Setup
1. Turn off the printer and the analyzer.
2. Connect the printer to the analyzer parallel I/O interface connector using an IEEE 1284 compliant
parallel printer cable.
3. If appropriate, configure your printer using configuration menus or switches. Refer to your
printer’s documentation for more specific information on configuring your printer.
4. Turn on the analyzer and printer.
5. Press Print Setup on the front panel and then press the Printer Type menu key. Printer Type
accesses the following keys:
None
None disables the analyzer from attempting to print to a printer. This is the
appropriate setting if no printer is connected to the analyzer.
Custom
Custom allows you to access the Define Custom menu keys. The Define
Custom menu keys allow you to specify printer characteristics such as PCL
Level and printer color capability.
Auto
Auto enables the analyzer to automatically attempt to identify the connected
printer when the Print key is pressed or when Printer Type is set to Auto.
6. Press Printer Type to access the Printer Type menu keys. Press Auto to make the analyzer attempt
to identify the connected printer. When you press Auto, the analyzer will respond in one of the
three following ways:
•
The Print Setup menu will be displayed with the Auto key selected and no new message will
be displayed in the display status line. This indicates that the analyzer has successfully
identified the connected printer and no further setup is required. As long as Auto remains
selected in the Printer Type menu, the analyzer will attempt to identify the printer when the
front panel Print key is pressed. The selected printer will be displayed by pressing System,
More 1 of 3, Show System.
•
The Print Setup menu will be displayed with the Custom key selected and one of the
following diagnostic messages will be displayed in the display status line:
Unknown printer, Define Custom to set up printer
No printer response, Define Custom to set up printer
Invalid printer response, Define Custom to set up printer
This indicates that the analyzer was unable to automatically identify the connected printer, and
Custom has been selected in the Printer Type menu. Press Print Setup, Define Custom to
select specific printer characteristics such as the printer language (PCL3 or PCL5) and color
printing capability. Once you have set these characteristics to match those of your connected
printer, the printer setup process is complete. As long as Custom remains selected in the
Printer Type menu, the analyzer will not attempt to automatically identify the connected
printer when the front panel Print key is pressed.
•
The Print Setup menu will be displayed with the None key selected and the following message
will appear in the display status line:
Chapter 1
19
Installation and Setup
Printer Setup and Operation
Unsupported printer, Printer Type set to None
This indicates that the analyzer has successfully identified the connected printer, but the printer
is not supported by the analyzer. As long as None is selected in the Printer Type menu, the
analyzer will respond to any print command by displaying the message Printer Type is
None in the display status line.
7. Select the desired paper size by pressing Print Setup, More, Page Size, then choose the
appropriate page size for which your printer is configured. This setting will remain unchanged with
Preset or Power Cycle.
The factory default page size is Letter. The page size will be reset to Letter if System, More,
Restore Sys Defaults is executed.
Testing Printer Operation
When you have completed the analyzer’s printer setup, press Print Setup, then press Print on the
front panel. If the printer is ready and the printer setup was successful, a printout of the analyzer
display will be printed. If the printer is not ready, the message Printer Timeout will appear on the
analyzer display. Printer Timeout will remain on the display until the printer is ready or until you
press ESC to cancel the printout request.
NOTE
20
There may be some small discrepancies in the color mapping of the analyzer
display to your color printer. Due to differences in display and printer
technologies, the default display colors do not map exactly to the printer colors.
For example trace 1 is yellow on your analyzer display while it maps to green on
your printer.
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage or destroy electronic components (the possibility of unseen
damage caused by ESD is present whenever components are transported, stored, or used).
Test Equipment and ESD
To help reduce ESD damage that can occur while using test equipment:
•
Before connecting any coaxial cable to an analyzer connector for the first time each day,
momentarily short the center and outer conductors of the cable together.
•
Personnel should be grounded with a 1 MΩ resistor-isolated wrist-strap before touching the center
pin of any connector and before removing any assembly from the analyzer.
•
Be sure that all instruments are properly earth-grounded to prevent build-up of static charge.
WARNING
Do not use these first three techniques when working on circuitry with a
voltage potential greater than 500 volts.
•
Perform work on all components or assemblies at a static-safe workstation.
•
Keep static-generating materials at least one meter away from all components.
•
Store or transport components in static-shielding containers.
•
Always handle printed circuit board assemblies by the edges. This reduces the possibility of ESD
damage to components and prevent contamination of exposed plating.
For information on ordering static-safe accessories, see “Accessories” on page 85.
Additional Information about ESD
For more information about ESD and how to prevent ESD damage, contact the Electrostatic Discharge
Association (http://www.esda.org). The ESD standards developed by this agency are sanctioned by the
American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
Chapter 1
21
Installation and Setup
Safety Information
Safety Information
WARNING
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earth ground
incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall only be inserted in a
socket outlet provided with a protective earth contact. Any interruption of the
protective conductor inside or outside of the product is likely to make the
product dangerous. Intentional interruption is prohibited.
If this product is not used as specified, the protection provided by the
equipment could be impaired. This product must be used in a normal
condition (in which all means for protection are intact) only.
22
Chapter 1
2
Front and Rear Panel Features
This chapter gives you an overview of the front and rear panels of your analyzer.
For details on analyzer keys and remote programming, refer to the User’s and
Programmer’s Guide. For connector specifications (including input/output levels),
see the Specifications guide.
23
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
Front Panel Overview
This section provides information on the analyzer’s front panel, including:
•
Front Panel Connectors and Keys, see below
•
“Display Annotations” on page 28
Front-Panel Connectors and Keys
1
Viewing Angle keys adjust the display so that it can be optimally viewed from
different angles.
2
Esc. The Esc (escape) key cancels any entry in progress. Esc will abort a print (if
one is in progress) and clear error messages from the status line at the bottom of the
display. It also clears input and tracking generator overload conditions.
3
Menu keys are the unlabeled keys next to the screen. The menu key labels are the
annotation on the screen next to the unlabeled keys. Most of the labeled keys on the
analyzer front panel (also called front-panel keys) access menus of keys having
related functions.
4
FREQUENCY Channel, SPAN X Scale, and AMPLITUDE Y Scale are the three
large keys that activate the primary analyzer functions and access menus of related
functions. The secondary labels on these keys (Channel, X Scale, and Y Scale) are
24
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
used in some measurements.
5
CONTROL functions access menus that adjust the resolution bandwidth, adjust the
sweep time, and control the analyzer display. They also set other analyzer
parameters needed for making measurements.
6
MEASURE accesses a menu of keys that automate some common analyzer
measurements. Once a measurement is running, Meas Setup accesses additional
menu keys for defining your measurement. Meas Control and Restart access
additional measurement control functions.
7
SYSTEM functions affect the state of the entire analyzer.
Various setup and alignment routines are accessed with the System key.
The green Preset key resets the analyzer to a known state.
The File key menu saves/loads setups, traces, states, limit-line tables, screens,
measurement results, and amplitude correction factors to or from analyzer
memory or the floppy disk drive. The Save key immediately executes the Save
Now function defined under File in your User’s guide.
The Print Setup menu keys configure hardcopy outputs. The Print key
immediately sends hardcopy data to the printer. See your User’s guide for more
details.
8
MARKER functions control the markers, read out frequencies and amplitudes along
the analyzer trace, automatically locate the signals of highest amplitude, and access
functions like Marker Noise and Band Power.
9
The Media Door on the right side of the front panel accesses the 3.5 inch disk drive
and the Earphone connector. The earphone connector provides a connection for an
earphone jack which bypasses the internal speaker.
10
The Data Control Keys, which include the step keys, knob, and numeric keypad,
change the numeric value of an active function such as center frequency, start
frequency, resolution bandwidth, and marker position.
The data controls will change the active function in a manner prescribed by that
function. For example, you can change center frequency in fine steps with the knob,
in discrete steps with the step keys, or to an exact (1 Hz resolution) value with the
numeric keypad.
The Knob provides fine incremental changes of functions such as center
frequency, reference level, and marker position. Clockwise rotation of the knob
increases values. The extent of alteration is determined by the size of the
measurement range. The speed at which the knob is turned affects the rate at
which the values are changed.
For slow sweeps, the analyzer uses a smooth panning feature which is designed
to move the trace display to the latest function value as the knob is turned. When
center, stop or, start frequency or reference level is adjusted, the signal will shift
right or left or up or down with the rotation of the knob before a new sweep is
actually taken. An asterisk is placed in the message block (the upper right-hand
corner of the analyzer display) to indicate that the data on the screen does not
reflect data at the current setting.
Chapter 2
25
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
The Numeric Keypad allows entry of exact values for many of the analyzer
functions. You may include a decimal point in the number portion. If not, the
decimal point is placed at the end of the number.
Numeric entries must be terminated with a units key. When a numeric entry is
begun, the menu keys show the units key labels. The units keys change
depending on what the active function is. For example, the units keys for
frequency span are GHz, MHz, kHz, and Hz, whereas the units for reference
level are +dBm, −dBm, mV, μV, and μA.
NOTE
If an entry from the numeric keypad does not coincide with an allowed function
value (for example, that of a 12 MHz bandwidth), the analyzer defaults to the
nearest allowable value.
The Step Keys ( ) increase or decrease the active function value. The step
size depends upon the current analyzer measurement. Each press results in a
single step change. For those parameters with fixed values (resolution
bandwidth), the next value in a sequence is selected each time a step key is
pressed. Step size is predictable (e.g., 10% of span for center frequency) and can
be set for some functions (i.e., center frequency). Out-of-range values or
out-of-sequence values will not occur using these keys.
11
VOLUME. The VOLUME knob adjusts the volume of the internal speaker. The
speaker is turned on and off with the Speaker On Off key in the Det/Demod menu.
12
EXT KEYBOARD. The EXT KEYBOARD connector is a 6-pin mini-DIN connector.
The keyboard can be used to enter screen titles and filenames.
NOTE
To avoid damage to the analyzer, always turn off power before plugging a
keyboard into the analyzer.
13
PROBE POWER provides power for high-impedance ac probes or other
accessories. (+15 V, −12.6 V, 150 mA maximum)
14
LO OUTPUT provides the proper local oscillator signal for use with external mixers
(Option AYZ).
15
IF INPUT connects to the IF OUTPUT of the external mixer (Option AYZ).
16
Return. The Return key accesses the previously selected menu. Continuing to
press Return accesses earlier menus. Return also terminates entry of alpha numeric
functions (e.g., Title).
17
AMPTD REF OUT provides an amplitude reference signal of 50 MHz at –20 dBm.
Agilent ESA models E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B
only.
18
Tab Keys are used to move around in the Limit editor, the Correction editor and
similar table-driven forms.
19
26
INPUT 50Ω (INPUT 75Ω for Option 1DP) is the signal input for the analyzer.
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
CAUTION
When operating in dc coupled mode on analyzers with Option UKB, ensure
protection of the input mixer by limiting the input level to 0 Vdc, +30 dBm.
When operating in ac coupled mode, ensure protection of the input mixer by
limiting the input level to 50 Vdc, +30 dBm.
20
The Next Window key can be used to select the active window in functions which
support split-screen display modes, such as Zone markers. (Refer to “Zone” in the
User’s guide for more information.) In such modes, pressing Zoom switches
between the split-screen and full-sized display of the active window.
21
Help. Press the Help key and then any front panel or menu key to get a short
description of the key function and the associated SCPI command. The next key
you press will remove the help window from the display.
22
RF OUT 50Ω for Option 1DN or RF OUT 75Ω (for Option 1DQ) is the source
output for the built-in tracking generator. Option 1DN or 1DQ only.
CAUTION
If the tracking generator output power is too high, it may damage the device under
test. Do not exceed the maximum power that the device under test can tolerate.
23
The | (On) key turns the analyzer on, while the Standby key turns most of the
analyzer off. An analyzer alignment is performed (if Auto Align is on) every time
the analyzer is turned on. After turning on the analyzer, allow 5 minutes of warm-up
time to ensure the analyzer will meet all specifications.
NOTE
The analyzer continues to draw power even if the line power switch is in standby.
The main power cord can be used as the system disconnecting device. It
disconnects the mains circuits from the mains supply. The front-panel switch is
only a standby switch and is not a LINE switch (disconnecting device).
Chapter 2
27
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
Display Annotations
Table 2-1
Screen Annotation
Item
Description
Associated Function Key
1a
Detector mode
Detector
2
Reference level
Ref Level
3
Active function block
Refer to the description of the activated function.
4
Screen title
Change Title
5
Time and date display
Time/Date On Off
6a,b
RF attenuation
Attenuation Auto Man
7
Marker frequency
Marker or
Marker Count On Off
8
28
Marker amplitude
Marker
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
Table 2-1
Screen Annotation (Continued)
Item
Description
Associated Function Key
9
GPIB annunciators
See programming documentation.
R - remote operation
L - GPIB listen
T - GPIB talk
S - GPIB SRQ
10c
Data invalid indicator
Sweep (Single) or View/Trace
11
Status Informational messages
See your Instrument Messages and Functional
Tests manual for more information.
12
Key menu title
Dependent on key selection.
13
Key menu
See key label descriptions in the User’s guide for
more information.
14
Frequency span or stop frequency
Span or Stop Freq
15a
Sweep time/Points
Sweep Time Auto Man, Sweep Points
16a
Video bandwidth
Video BW Auto Man
17
Frequency offset
Freq Offset
18
Display status line
Displays analyzer status and error messages.
Cleared by pressing Esc key. See your User’s
guide for more information.
19a
Resolution bandwidth
Resolution BW Auto Man
20
Center frequency or start frequency
Center Freq or Start Freq
21
Signal track
Frequency, Signal Track
22
Internal preamp
Amplitude, Int Preamp
23d
Auto alignment routine is on
Auto Align
24
Amplitude corrections are on (This indicates that
the overall correction state is On. There may be
any or none of the individual corrections On.)
Correction On Off
25
Trigger/Sweep
Trig, Sweep
F - free-run trigger
L - line trigger
V - video trigger
E - external (front) trigger
T - TV trigger (Options BAA, B7B only)
B - RF burst trigger (Opt B7E only)
C - continuous sweep
S - single sweep
Chapter 2
29
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
Table 2-1
Screen Annotation (Continued)
Item
Description
Associated Function Key
26
Trace mode
Trace
W - clear write
M - maximum hold
m - minimum hold
V - view
S - store blank
1 - trace 1
2 - trace 2
3 - trace 3
27
Average
Average On Off
VAvg indicates video average on. PAvg indicates
power average on.
28
Display line
Display Line On Off
29
Amplitude offset
Ref Lvl Offst
30
Amplitude scale
Scale Type Log Lin
a.
b.
c.
d.
30
A # in front of any display annotation indicates that the function is uncoupled. (Refer to your User’s guide)
When the analyzer is set to the external mixer state (Option AYZ), item 6 changes to display Ext Mix in
place of Atten XdB. In addition, if Mixer Bias is on, a +I or −I is appended to Ext Mix.
When the (*) is displayed, it means that some or all trace data may not match the annotation due to possible
changes in analyzer settings.
AA indicates that auto alignment of all analyzer parameters, except the tracking generator and FM
demodulation options, will occur. AB indicates that auto alignment of all analyzer functions except the RF
section (and tracking generator and FM demodulation options) will occur. No indicator will appear if auto
alignment is off.
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
1
Power input is the input for the ac line power source. Make sure that the
line-power source outlet has a protective ground contact.
2
DC Power is the input for the dc power source. Refer to the “Power Requirements”
section in the specifications guide for your analyzer.
CAUTION
AC line power and dc power should not be plugged in simultaneously.
3
Line Fuse. The fuse is removed by twisting counterclockwise 1/4 turn. Replace
only with a fuse of the same rating. See the label on the rear panel.
4
Service Connector. The service connector is for service use only.
5
Inputs/Outputs (Refer to the specifications guide for more information.)
Chapter 2
5a
VGA OUTPUT drives an external VGA compatible monitor with
a signal that has 31.5 kHz horizontal, 60 Hz vertical
synchronizing rate, non-interlaced.
5b
GATE/HI SWP OUT (TTL) is high when the analyzer is sweeping
or when Gate (Option 1D6) is active.
5c
GATE TRIG/EXT TRIG IN (TTL)
accepts the positive edge of an
external voltage input that triggers the analyzer internal sweep
source or the gate function (Time Gate, Option 1D6).
31
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
Table 2-2 and Table 2-3. show the appropriate rear panel slots to be used for the optional cards
available with the Agilent ESA Spectrum Analyzers. Refer to Table 2-2. if you have an Agilent
ESA-L Series Spectrum Analyzer. Refer to Table 2-3. if you have an Agilent ESA-E Series Spectrum
Analyzer.
(P) = Preferred Card Slot
(A) = Acceptable Card Slot
(–) = Unacceptable Card Slot
Table 2-2
Agilent ESA-L Series (E4403B, E4408B, E4411B)
Slot #
1
5
6
GPIB and Parallel (Option A4H)
P
A
–
–
Serial and Parallel Interface (Option 1AX)
P
A
–
–
IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J)
–
–
P
–
–
–
P
Frequency Extensiona
a.
The Frequency Extension Assembly comes standard with the Agilent E4408B.
Table 2-3
Agilent ESA-E Series (E4401B, E4402B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B)
2
3
4
5
6
P
A
A
A
–
–
RS-232 and Parallel Interface (Option 1AX)b
P
A
A
A
–
–
Fast Time Domain Sweeps (Option AYX)c
–
A
P
A
–
–
IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J)c
A
A
A
A
P
A
FM Demodulation (Option BAA)d
–
A
P
A
A
A
Noise Figure (Option 219)
A
A
P
A
–
–
Frequency Extensione
–
A
A
A
A
P
Digital Signal Procession and Fast ADC
(Option B7D)
–
–
–
P
–
–
RF Communications Hardware (Option B7E)
–
–
–
–
P
–
ACPR Dynamic Range Extension (Option 120)
–
P
A
A
A
A
Bluetooth f FM Demodulation (Option 106)d,g
–
A
P
A
A
A
Slot #
1a
GPIB and Parallel Interface (Option A4H)b
a.
b.
c.
d.
32
2
Some cards may not be installed due to mechanical interference.
Only one optional remote interface (Option A4H or Option 1AX) can be installed at a time.
Only one IF and Sweep Port option (Option A4J or Option AYX) can be installed at a time.
Only one demod option (Option BAA or Option 106) can be installed at a time.
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
e.
f.
g.
The Frequency Extension Assembly comes standard with the Agilent E4404B, E4405B and
E4407B.
Bluetooth is a trademark owned by its proprietor and used by Agilent Technologies under
license.
Option 106 is required to make measurements in Bluetooth™ Measurement Personality
(Option 228)
6
GPIB and parallel interface (Option A4H) is an optional interface. GPIB supports
remote analyzer operation. A parallel port is included for printing only.
7
RS-232 and parallel interface (Option 1AX) is an optional interface. RS-232
supports remote analyzer operation. A parallel port is included for printing only.
NOTE
8
Printing is only supported from the parallel port.
IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J or Option AYX): (Refer to the
specifications guide for more information.)
SWP OUT provides a voltage ramp corresponding to the sweep of the analyzer
(0 V to 10 V).
HI SWP IN (TTL) can be grounded to stop and reset the sweep. Once the sweep
has been stopped, removing the ground will trigger the start of a new sweep.
HI SWP OUT (TTL) is high when the analyzer is sweeping.
AUX VIDEO OUT provides detected video output (before the analog-to-digital
conversion) proportional to vertical deflection of the trace. Output is from 0 V to
1 V. Amplitude-correction factors are not applied to this signal.
NOTE
The video output signal may be blanked during retrace when automatic alignment
is on. This effect can be reduced with longer sweep times, or eliminated by turning
Auto Align off. For more information, refer to the Alignments key description in
the ESA User’s and Programmers Reference, Volume 1.
AUX IF OUT is a 50 Ω, 21.4 MHz IF output that is the down-converted signal of
the RF input of the analyzer. Amplitude-correction factors are not applied to this
signal. This output is taken after the resolution bandwidth filters and step gains
and before the log amplifier.
NOTE
Only one IF and Sweep Port option (Option A4J or Option AYX) can be installed
at a time.
9
FM Demod (Option BAA) demodulates, displays, and measures deviation on FM
signals. You can listen to audio signals on a built-in speaker or with an earphone.
Refer to “Det/Demod” and “FM Demodulation (Option BAA)” in the Options
chapter for more information.
Bluetooth FM Demodulation (Option 106) demodulates, displays and measures
deviation on Bluetooth signals. Refer to “Det/Demod” and “Bluetooth FM
Chapter 2
33
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
Demodulation (Option 106)” in the Options chapter for more information.
10
Frequency Extension Assembly controls the microwave front-end components in
the Agilent E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B.
PRESEL TUNE OUTPUT provides a signal to control external preselected mixers if
External Mixing (Option AYZ) is installed.
11
Card Slot Identification Numbers. Refer to Table 2-2 and Table 2-3 for card slot
versus option card compatibility information.
12
10 MHz REF IN accepts an external frequency source to provide the 10 MHz, −15 to
+10 dBm as a timebase.
NOTE
It is not necessary to connect the 10 MHz REF OUT to the 10 MHz REF IN on the
rear panel of the analyzer. Doing so will result in a Frequency Reference Error
message.
13
10 MHz REF OUT provides a 10 MHz, 0 dBm minimum, timebase reference signal.
14
Power On Selection selects an analyzer power preference.
The PWR ALWAYS ON setting turns the analyzer on whenever external power
is applied. This mode is useful if an external power switch is used to control a
rack of several instruments. Nevertheless, if you set the analyzer to standby
using the front panel Standby key (see Figure 2-1. on page 22, item 23) and the
external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the analyzer will
remain in standby.
Power Always On
Analyzer state before removing
power
A lapse in power
< 20 sec.
A lapse in power
> 20 sec.
On
On
On
Standby
Standby
On
The PWR NORM setting assigns analyzer on/off control to the front-panel On
and Standby keys (see Figure 2-1. on page 22, item 23). If the analyzer is on
and the external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the analyzer
will turn on. On the other hand, if the external power is removed and restored
after 20 seconds, the analyzer will remain in standby regardless of the front
panel switch settings.
Power Norm
Analyzer state before removing
power
34
A lapse in power
< 20 sec.
A lapse in power
> 20 sec.
On
On
Standby
Standby
Standby
Standby
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
15
DC Fuse protects the analyzer from drawing too much dc power. Replace only with
a fuse of the same rating. See the label on the rear panel.
Chapter 2
35
Front and Rear Panel Features
Key Overview
Key Overview
The keys labeled FREQUENCY Channel, System, and Marker are all examples of front-panel keys.
The front-panel keys are dark gray, light gray, green, or white in color. Front-panel keys that are white
perform an immediate action rather than bringing up a menu. The only green key is the Preset key,
which performs an analyzer reset (A summary of all front panel keys and their related menu keys can
be found in user’s guide for your analyzer). Pressing most of the dark or light gray front-panel keys
accesses menus of functions that are displayed along the right side of the display. These are called
menu keys.
Menu keys list functions other than those accessed directly by the front panel keys. To activate a menu
key function, press the key immediately to the right of the annotation on the screen. The menu keys
that are displayed depend on which front-panel key is pressed and which menu level is enabled.
If a menu key function’s value can be changed, it is called an active function. The function label of the
active function is highlighted after that key has been selected. For example, press AMPLITUDE Y
Scale. This calls up the menu of related amplitude functions. Note the function labeled Ref Level (the
default selected key in the Amplitude menu) is highlighted. Ref Level also appears in the active
function block, indicating that it is the active amplitude function and can now be changed using any of
the data entry controls.
A menu key with On and Off in its label can be used to turn the menu key’s function on or off. To turn
the function on, press the menu key so that On is underlined. To turn the function off, press the menu
key so that Off is underlined. In the manual, when On should be underlined, it will be indicated as
Function (On).
A function with Auto and Man in the label can either be auto-coupled or have its value manually
changed. The value of the function can be changed manually using the numeric keypad, knob, or step
keys. To auto-couple a function, press the menu key so that Auto is underlined. In the manual, when
Auto should be underlined, it will be indicated as Function (Auto).
In some key menus, one key label will always be highlighted to show which key has been selected.
For example, when you press Marker, you will access a menu of keys in which some of the keys are
grouped together by a blue bar (on analyzers with a color display) on the left side of the menu. The
Normal key, which is the Marker menu default key, will be highlighted. When you press another key
within the blue bar region, such as Delta, the highlight will move to that key to show it has been
selected.
36
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Key Overview
In other key menus, one key label will always be highlighted to show which key has been selected but
the menu is immediately exited when a selection is made. For example, when you press the
Orientation key (on the Print Setup menu), it will bring up its own menu of keys. The Portrait key,
which is the Orientation menu default key, will be highlighted. When you press the Landscape key,
the highlight will move to that key to show it has been selected and the screen will return to the
Print Setup menu.
The arrow keys located below the analyzer display (sometimes referred to as Tab keys) can be used to
navigate within tables, for example the Limit-Line table. These keys are used to move between rows.
The Left-arrow key moves up, while the right-arrow key moves down. While navigating through the
table, the cursor (inverse video highlight) stays in the same column. Navigating left or right in the
table is accomplished by choosing the desired field using the front-panel keys.
Chapter 2
37
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front and Rear Panel Symbols
Front and Rear Panel Symbols
This symbol is used to indicate power ON (green LED).
This symbol is used to indicate power STANDBY mode (yellow LED).
This symbol indicates the input power required is AC.
The instruction documentation symbol. The product is marked with this symbol
when it is necessary for the user to refer to instructions in the documentation.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European Community.
The C-Tick mark is a registered trademark of the Australian Spectrum Management
Agency.
This ISM device complies with Canadian ICES-001.
Cet appareil ISM est conforme a la norme NMB du Canada.
This is also a symbol of an Industrial Scientific and Medical Group 1 Class A
product (CISPR 11, Clause 4).
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the CSA International.
This symbol indicates separate collection for electrical and electronic equipment
mandated under EU law as of August 13, 2005. All electric and electronic
equipment are required to be separated from normal waste for disposal (Reference
WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC).
Indicates the time period during which no hazardous or toxic substance elements
are expected to leak or deteriorate during normal use. Forty years is the expected
useful life of the product.
This symbol on all primary and secondary packaging indicates compliance to China
standard GB 18455-2001.
This equipment is Class A suitable for professional use and is for use in
electromagnetic environments outside of the home.
38
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Regulatory Information
Regulatory Information
EMC: Complies with the essential requirements of the European EMC Directive as well as current
editions of the following standards (dates and editions are cited in the Declaration of Conformity):
•
IEC/EN 61326-1
•
CISPR Pub 11 Group 1, class A
•
AS/NZS CISPR 11
•
ICES/NMB-001
This ISM device complies with Canadian ICES-001.
Cet appareil ISM est conforme a la norme NMB-001 du Canada.
South Korean Class A EMC declaration: This equipment is Class A suitable for professional use and is for
use in electromagnetic environments outside of the home.
SAFETY: Complies with the essential requirements of the European Low Voltage Directive as well as
current editions of the following standards (dates and editions are cited in the Declaration of
Conformity):
•
IEC/EN 61010-1
•
Canada: CSA C22.2 No. 61010-1
•
USA: UL std no. 61010-1
Acoustic statement: (European Machinery Directive)
Acoustic noise emission
LpA <70 dB
Operator position
Normal operation mode per ISO 7779
To find a current Declaration of Conformity for a specific Keysight product, go to:
http://www.keysight.com/go/conformity
Chapter 2
39
Front and Rear Panel Features
Regulatory Information
40
Chapter 2
3
Making a Basic Measurement
This chapter provides information on basic analyzer operation. For more information on making
measurements, see the measurement guide for your analyzer.
41
Making a Basic Measurement
This chapter is divided into the following sections:
•
“Using the Front Panel” on page 43
•
“Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer” on page 44
•
“Viewing a Signal” on page 45
CAUTION
Ensure that the total power of all signals at the analyzer input does not exceed +30
dBm (1 watt).
Basic Assumption
The material in this chapter is presented with the assumption that you understand the front and rear
panel layout, and display annotations of your analyzer. If you do not, refer to “Front and Rear Panel
Features” on page 23.
NOTE
42
The display examples in this book are made using various analyzer models, you
may see some variations depending upon your analyzer.
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Using the Front Panel
Using the Front Panel
Entering Data
When setting measurement parameters, there are several ways to enter or modify the value of the
active function:
Knob
Increments or decrements the current value.
Arrow Keys
Increments or decrements the current value.
Numeric Keypad
Enters a specific value. Then press the desired terminator (either a unit
softkey, or the Enter key).
Unit Softkeys
Terminate a value that requires a unit-of-measurement.
Enter Key
Terminates an entry when either no unit of measure is needed, or you want to
use the default unit.
Using Menu Keys
Menu Keys (which appear along the right side of the display) provide access to many analyzer
functions. Here are examples of menu key types:
Toggle
Allows you to activate/deactivate states.
Example:
Submenu
Toggles the selection (underlined choice) each
Signal Track
time you press the key.
On
Off
Displays a new menu of softkeys.
Example:
Catalog
Choice
Allows you to make a selection from a list of values.
Example:
Adjust
A submenu key allows you to view a new menu of
softkeys related to the submenu key category.
Y Axis Units
dBm
A choice key displays the currently selected
submenu choice, in this example, dBm. When the
choice is made, the submenu automatically
returns.
Highlights the softkey and sets the active function.
Examples:
CF Step
13.2550000 GHz
Press this type of key and enter a value.
Attenuation The default for softkeys with an automatic (Auto)
10.00 dB or manual (Man) choice is automatic. After you
Auto
Man enter a value, the selection changes to manual.
You can also press the softkey twice to change to
manual.
Chapter 3
43
Making a Basic Measurement
Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer
Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer
Preset provides a known starting point for making measurements. The analyzer has three types of
preset:
Factory Preset
Restores the analyzer to its factory-defined state.
User Preset
Restores the analyzer to a user-defined state.
Mode Preset
This type of preset restores the currently selected mode to a known state.
For details, see the User’s/Programmer’s manual.
When Preset Type is set to Factory, pressing the green Preset key triggers a factory preset. When
Preset Type is set to User, pressing Preset displays the softkeys Factory Preset, User Preset, and
Mode Preset (if applicable); you then select the preset you want. If Preset Type is set to Mode, but a
personality is not installed, pressing Preset triggers a factory preset.
Creating a User Preset
If you constantly use settings which are not the factory defaults, use the following steps to create a
user-defined preset:
1. Set analyzer parameters as desired.
2. Press System, Power On/Preset, Save User Preset to set the current parameters as the user
preset state.
3. Press Preset to select User in the same softkey menu to enable user preset as an option.
Disabling User Preset
Go to the Power On/Preset menu (press System, Power On/Preset) and select a Preset Type of
Factory or Mode.
44
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Viewing a Signal
1. Press Preset. If the softkeys Factory Preset and User Preset appear, select Factory Preset.
2. Connect the analyzer’s rear panel 10 MHz REF OUT to the front-panel input.
Setting Reference Level and Center Frequency
NOTE
The display examples in this section are made using various analyzer models, you
may see some variations depending upon your analyzer.
3. Set the reference level to 10 dBm: Press AMPLITUDE, 10, dBm.
4. Set the center frequency to 30 MHz: Press FREQUENCY, Center Freq, 30, MHz.
The 10 MHz reference signal spectrum appears on the display, as shown in Figure 3-1.
NOTE
Figure 3-1
The display examples in this book are made using various analyzer models, you
may see some variations depending upon your analyzer.
10 MHz Internal Reference Signal and Associated Spectrum
10 MHz
Chapter 3
45
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Setting Frequency Span
5. Set the frequency span to 50 MHz: Press SPAN, 5, 0, MHz.
This displays the signal as shown in Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-2
Span Changed to 50 MHz
10 MHz
Reading Frequency & Amplitude
6. Place a marker (labeled 1) on the 10 MHz peak, as shown in Figure 3-3.
Press Peak Search.
Note that the frequency and amplitude of the marker appear both in the active function block, and
in the upper-right corner of the screen. You can use the knob, the arrow keys, or the softkeys in the
Peak Search menu to move the marker. Pressing Esc removes the value from the display.
7. If you have moved the marker, return it to the peak of the 10 MHz signal.
Changing Reference Level
8. Press AMPLITUDE, and note that reference level (Ref Level) is now the active function. Press
Marker →, Mkr → Ref Lvl.
Note that changing the reference level changes the amplitude value of the top graticule line.
Figure 3-4 shows the relationship between center frequency and reference level. The box
represents the analyzer display. Changing the center frequency changes the horizontal placement
of the signal on the display. Changing the reference level changes the vertical placement of the
signal on the display. Increasing the span increases the frequency range that appears horizontally
across the display.
46
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Figure 3-3
A Marker on the 10 MHz Peak
Active function
Figure 3-4
Chapter 3
Marker
Relationship Between Frequency and Amplitude
47
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Improving Frequency Accuracy
9. While not all of the zeros following the decimal in the active function block are significant, the
numbers after the decimal in the marker annotation (upper-right corner of screen) are significant.
To improve the accuracy of the frequency reading in the marker annotation, turn on the frequency
count function by pressing Freq Count.
10. Note softkey Marker Count On Off. If Off is underlined, press the softkey to toggle marker count
on.
As shown in Figure 3-5:
•
•
NOTE
The marker annotation changes from Mkr1 to Cntr1.
The displayed resolution in the marker annotation improves.
When you use the frequency count function, if the ratio of the resolution
bandwidth to the span is less than 0.002, the following message appears on the
display: Marker Count: Widen Res BW
This indicates that the resolution bandwidth is too narrow.
11. Press Marker →, Mkr → CF to move the 10 MHz peak to the center of the display.
Valid Marker Count Range
12. Move the marker down the skirt of the 10 MHz peak. Note that although the readout in the active
function changes, as long as the marker is at least 26 dB above the noise, the counted value
(upper-right corner of display) does not change (see Figure 3-6). For an accurate count, the marker
does not have to be at the exact peak.
NOTE
Marker count functions properly only on CW signals or discrete peaks. For a valid
reading, the marker must be ≥26 dB above the noise.
13. Press BW/Avg, Res BW, then enter a new value. This action makes the resolution bandwidth the
active function and allows you to experiment with different resolution bandwidth (RBW) values.
14. Press Marker, Off to turn the marker off.
NOTE
48
After properly setting the analyzer to display your signal, you can save the settings
as either a user preset (press System, Power On/Preset, Save User Preset), or a
file (see “Saving a File” on page 57).
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Figure 3-5
Increasing Marker Frequency Accuracy
Frequency Count
increases accuracy
Figure 3-6
Chapter 3
Using Marker Counter
49
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
50
Chapter 3
4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
51
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
The analyzer stores and retrieves data similarly to the way that a personal computer (PC) does: both have
internal storage and a floppy disk drive. While a PC has an internal drive, the analyzer’s internal storage
is nonvolatile (flash) memory, which acts as an internal drive. As with a PC, both the internal storage and
the floppy disk drive have directory and sub-directory capability; in the analyzer, directories and
subdirectories are called catalogs.
This chapter tells you how to:
•
locate catalogs and view files, on page 53.
•
save a file, on page 57.
For more information on catalogs and files, see the Measurement guide.
52
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
File Menu Functions
This chapter describes how to use the functions located under the front-panel File key. Data storage and
retrieval are handled similarly to that of personal computers (PCs). Like PCs, these analyzers include an
internal storage drive and a floppy disk drive, both of which have directory and sub-directory capability.
NOTE
The descriptions in this section assume the analyzer has firmware revision A.04.00 or
later. The file menu functions in earlier firmware are different. If you would like to
upgrade your analyzer to the latest firmware revision, please visit the following web site:
http://www.agilent.com/find/esa
You will learn how to do all of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
locate and view files in the catalog
create a directory
format a floppy disk
save a file
load a file
rename a file
copy a file
delete a file
NOTE
The display examples in this book are made using various analyzer models, you may see
some variations depending upon your analyzer.
Locating and viewing files in the catalog
Techniques for locating files and directories are consistent throughout the various file menu functions.
Although this section provides specific information about navigation in the catalog, you may wish to
refer back to this section when performing other operations of the file menu.
The analyzer has three default catalogs (directories):
•
•
•
State, which stores analyzer settings.
Trace, which stores trace information.
Screen, which stores screen captures of the display in .gif or .wmf format.
NOTE
Chapter 4
Trace files are not bitmap files. Files saved as Trace cannot be imported into other
applications or converted. If you require the use of other applications, for example
Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel, be sure to save your files as .gif or .wmf formats
using Screen for your file Type.
53
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
Press File, Catalog to bring up a screen display as shown in Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-1.
Catalog Menu
NOTE
Use the front-panel Step Keys or Knob and the Dir Up or Dir Select keys to move up
and down within the directory information box.
1. The entry fields show the parameters for the files viewed. Entry fields that are being modified or are
modifiable are indicated by highlighting (inverse video). Each file menu function has its own unique
set of entry fields pertaining to that function. Below are the fields listed under the catalog key:
a. Name: field states the filename.
b. Show Type: field displays the type of files viewed.
c. Path: field displays the drive and directory location of the files.
2. The directory information box displays the drives, directories, and/or files currently described in the
entry fields. Highlighting a row of information selects that location and updates the entry fields.
There are four column headings in this area of the display. They are described as follows:
a. Name: column states the drive ([-A-] or [-C-]) if at the top level on the drive, directory name,
or filename.
54
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
b. Type: column displays the extension of the filename, for example, .SET, .STA, .TRC.
Directories are displayed as DIR and drives have nothing listed under Type:. They are only
designated by the Name: column ([-A-] or [-C-]).
c. Size: column displays the size of the file in bytes.
d. Modified: column displays the date and time the last change occurred.
3. The softkey menu has four options:
a. Type: allows you to choose the type of file you wish to view. (You may view all types by using
the All key under Type.)
b. Sort: Under the Sort key, you can sort by any of the four columns and you can choose up
(ascending) or down (descending).
c. Dir Up: moves you up one directory level. If you are already at the top level, this key moves you
up to the drive level, displaying the available disk drives.
d. Dir Select: moves you down into the highlighted directory or up into the next level (directory or
drive) if the “. .” under the Name: column is highlighted.
NOTE
Navigation keys: Use the front-panel Step Keys or Knob and the Dir Up or Dir Select
keys to move around in the directory information box.
4. The drive space line shows the number of bytes used on the drive and the number of bytes still free on
the drive.
Creating a directory
Directories and sub-directories can be created on both the A: floppy disc and the internal C: drive. This
allows maximum flexibility in organizing files. For this example, we will create a directory on the C:
drive.
1. Press File, More 1 of 2, Create Dir. Your screen should look similar to Figure 4-1, except the entry
fields will be Dir Name: and Path: and the Heading will read: Directories.
2. Navigate through the file system until the Path: field displays C:\. (Use the Step Keys, Knob, Dir
Up, and/or Dir Select keys.)
3. Press Name and enter the name, “START” using the Alpha Editor. (The numeric keypad is also
available for the filename.) Press Enter (hardkey) when the Dir Name: field contains this directory
title. (Use the Bk Sp hardkey on the front panel to make corrections.)
4. Press Create Dir Now to execute the operation. The message: Creating Directory appears on
the screen. Then the status bar displays: Directory C:\START created.
5. To make a sub-directory, scroll down to the START directory you just created and press Dir Select.
The Path: field should now read: C:\START\. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 above, using a new name. The
status bar now should read: Directory C:\START\new name created.
Formatting a Floppy Disk
You can format a floppy disk in the analyzer. The format is MS-DOS
Chapter 4
1.
Note that it is not necessary to
55
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
format your floppy disk with the analyzer; preformatted disks can be used with the analyzer.
1. Place the 1.44-MB disk you wish to format into the floppy drive (A:\) of the analyzer. Only 1.44-MB
floppy disks are supported by the analyzer. Therefore, 720-kB floppy disks will not work reliably.
2. Access the Format key by pressing File, More, and then Format. The directory information box is
active (highlighted), however, only the floppy disk volume [-A-] is shown on the display.
The directory information box displays all files present on the floppy disk inserted in drive “A:”. If
you have not inserted a disk into drive “A:”, or the disk you are attempting to format has no
pre-existing formatting, the error message: bad, missing, or unformatted disk is displayed
in the status line.
3. Press Format Now. The following message appears in the display window: WARNING: You are
about to destroy ALL data on Volume A:. Press Format Now again to proceed
or any other key to abort. To abort disk format, press any key but Format Now. When a
disk is formatted, all data on the disk is destroyed.
4. Press Format Now a second time to format the disk. You will see the message: Formatting Disk
in the display window. Pressing any other key after receiving the warning in step 3 on page 56, will
abort the formatting process. See Figure 4-2. The format process takes approximately three minutes.
Figure 4-2. Format Menu
5. When formatting is complete, a message, Volume A: formatted appears on the status line. The
disk is now ready to save files.
1. MS-DOS is a U.S. registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
56
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Saving a File
You can save files (setups, states, traces, limits, corrections, measurement results, or screens) to a floppy
disk (A:\), or the internal drive (C:\). In this example you will save a trace to the internal C: drive.
NOTE
Trace files are not bitmap files. Files saved as Trace cannot be imported into other
applications or converted. If you require the use of other applications, for example
Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel, be sure to save your files as .gif or .wmf formats
using Screen for your file Type.
Step 1. Set up the analyzer trace
1. Perform a factory preset by pressing Preset, Factory Preset (if present).
2. Turn on the internal 50 MHz alignment signal of the analyzer as follows:
•
•
For the Agilent E4401B and E4411B, use the internal 50 MHz alignment signal of the analyzer as
the signal being measured. Press Input/Output, Amptd Ref (On).
For all other models connect a cable between the front-panel AMPTD REF OUT to the analyzer
INPUT, then press Input/Output, Amptd Ref Out (On).
3. Set the center frequency to 50 MHz by pressing press FREQUENCY, Center Freq, 50, MHz.
4. Set the span to 75 MHz by pressing SPAN, Span, 75, MHz. The reference signal will appear on the
display.
Chapter 4
57
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
5. View trace 1 and put it into maximum hold by pressing View/Trace, Max Hold. (Trace 1 should
already by underlined, but if not, press Trace 1 2 3 until 1 is underlined and then press Max Hold.)
Your analyzer display should look similar to Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-3. Viewing Trace 1
6. Activate trace 2 and put it into minimum hold by pressing Trace (2), Min Hold. Your analyzer display
should look similar to Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4. Viewing Traces 1 and 2
58
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
7. Activate trace 3 by pressing Trace (3), Clear Write. Your analyzer display should look similar to
Figure 4-5.
Figure 4-5. Viewing Traces 1, 2, and 3
Step 2. Save the file
1. To access the Save menu, press, File, Save.
2. Select the type of file you want to save. In this example you are saving a trace; press Type, Trace.
NOTE
Trace files are not bitmap files. Files saved as Trace cannot be imported into other
applications or converted. If you require the use of other applications, for example
Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel, be sure to save your files as .gif or .wmf formats
using Screen for your file Type.
3. Select the trace you wish to save (1, 2, 3, or all traces). In this example you will save trace 3; press
Source (softkey), Trace 3.
4. Select the format you wish to use for saving the trace, either trace plus state (Trace + State) or
comma separated value (CSV). In this example you will save as trace plus state; press Format, Trace
+ State.
5. Enter a filename by pressing Name. The Alpha Editor appears. For this example you will name the
file, “TEST1”. (The numeric keypad is also available for the filename.) Note that the file extension is
always set by the system and for this file type the extension is TRC. You must now press the Enter
(hardkey) to get back to the Save menu.
NOTE
Chapter 4
You need to use a filename that does not already exist in the current directory. The
59
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
filename is limited to eight characters, alpha (A-Z) or numeric (0-9) in any combination.
The analyzer will not allow you to overwrite an existing file. If you select a filename that
already exists, the status bar will display the message: File already exists. If you
do not choose a filename, the analyzer will automatically generate a name based on the
type of file you are saving (Setup: SETUP, State: STATE, Trace: TRACE, Limits: LIMIT,
Corrections: COREC, Screen: SCREN). It also generates a three digit integer (starting at
000 and extending through 999, remembering the previously saved value through a power
cycle) which it adds to the name, for example: TRACE056.TRC. Also note that this three
digit integer increments upon each attempted save until a unique filename is created,
without regard to the success of the save.
6. The destination for the saved file is shown in the Path: field. In this example, you will select the
path as C:\START\. If the correct location is not listed in the Path: field, change directories as
follows:
a. Press Dir Up or Dir Select and use the step keys or knob, to highlight the desired destination
directory.
b. Press Dir Select and confirm your choice displayed in the Path: field.
7. Press Save Now or Save (hardkey) to save the file to the C:\Start\ location. The message
Saving Now is displayed during this operation. For this example, the status line displays:
C:\START\TEST1.TRC file saved.
NOTE
60
When saving to drive (A:), never remove the floppy disk during the save operation. To do
so could corrupt all data on the floppy disk.
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Loading a file
1. Reset the analyzer by pressing Preset, Factory Preset (if present).
2. To access the Load menu, press File, Load.
3. Select the type of file you want to load (setup, state, trace, limits, or corrections). In this example you
are loading a trace file; press Type, Trace.
NOTE
Not all file types can be loaded back into the analyzer. For example, Screen files and CSV
(comma separated value) files cannot be loaded. CSV and Screen files are designed for
use with a PC.
4. Select the directory where your file is located. In this example, select the C:\START\ directory. (Use
the front-panel step keys, knob, Dir Up, and/or Dir Select keys to locate the directory.)
5. Select the file you want to load into the analyzer by moving the cursor with the front-panel knob to
highlight the file name. In this example the file is TEST1.TRC. Select the trace into which you wish
to load the file. In this example, load it into Trace 2. (Destination, Trace 2).
6. Press Load Now to load the specified file. Your display should look similar to Figure 4-6. The status
bar reads: C:\START\TEST1.TRC file loaded.
Figure 4-6. File Loaded
Chapter 4
61
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
NOTE
You should notice that the trace you saved, in this example trace 3, is loaded to trace 2. If
you wish to verify this condition, remove the signal input. For Agilent E4401B and
E4411B, press Input/Output, Amptd Ref (Off), for all other models, press Input/Output,
Amptd Ref Out (Off).
Note that when a trace is loaded, it is placed in view mode. To see that trace 2 is in view
mode, blank traces 1 and 3 by pressing View/Trace, Trace 1, Blank, Trace 3, Blank.
Then press Trace 2. Notice that trace 2 is the only trace displayed in view mode (the view
key is selected, and the trace is not sweeping). Your display should look similar to Figure
4-7.
Figure 4-7. Verifying Trace 1
CAUTION
When operating in dc coupled mode, ensure protection of the input mixer by limiting the
input level to 0 Vdc and +30 dBm.
NOTE
When loading Limits files, be sure you have selected the appropriate X Axis Units:
frequency or time (Display, Limits, Properties, X Axis Units). If you are in time X-Axis
Units, and you load frequency limits, all current limit line data will be erased and the
analyzer will switch to the frequency domain. The reverse of the this situation also holds
true.
62
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Renaming a File
1. To access the Rename menu, press File, Rename.
2. Select the type of file you want to rename (setup, state, trace, limits, screens, or corrections). In this
example you are renaming a trace file; press Type, Trace.
3. Select the drive and directory where your file is located. In this example, choose drive C:\START.
4. Select the file you want to rename. In this example, choose the file TEST1.TRC.
5. Press Name to open the Alpha Editor menu. For this example, rename the file to RENAME using the
Alpha Editor softkeys. (The Name: field is limited to eight characters.) Your display should look
similar to Figure 4-8.
6. Press Enter, Rename Now: your file is now renamed and visible within the directory displayed on
your analyzer. The status line displays the message: C:\START\TEST1.TRC file renamed to
C:\START\RENAME.TRC.
Figure 4-8. Renaming a File
Chapter 4
63
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Copying a File
1. To access the Copy menu, press File, Copy. This menu function brings up 2 directory boxes as
described by the From: and To: fields located directly above the boxes. Refer to Figure 4-9.
Figure 4-9. Copy Menu
2. Put a formatted floppy in the A: drive.
3. Select the type of file you want to copy (setup, state, trace, limits, screens, or corrections). In this
example you are copying a trace file from the C: drive to the A: drive; press, Type, Trace.
4. Press Dir (in the key menu) to underline From:. Notice the From: field (just above the top directory
box) highlights the location from which you will be copying. Using the navigation keys (Dir Up,
Direct select, step keys, or front panel knob), locate the C:\START\ directory.
5. Scroll to highlight the file displayed in the directory box from which you wish to copy. In this
example, you will need to highlight the file RENAME.
6. Press Dir (in the key menu) to underline To:. The To: field (just above the bottom directory box) is
highlighting the location to which you will be copying. Using the navigation keys as described above,
highlight the A:\ drive.
NOTE
When pressing Dir (To), the file chosen in the From: location is no longer highlighted,
however the Name: field above the From directory box displays the chosen file; in this
example: RENAME.TRC.
NOTE
Highlighting a filename in the To: directory box has no significance. The file cannot be
placed inside another file.
64
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
7. Press Copy Now to execute the operation. The message: “Copying file” is displayed during the
copying process. Upon completion, the status bar reads: “C:\START\RENAME.TRC file
copied”. You have now copied the file RENAME from the C: drive to the A: drive.
Deleting a File
1. To access the Delete menu, press File, Delete.
2. Select the type of file you want to delete (setup, state, trace, limits, screens, or corrections). In this
example, you are deleting a trace file; press Type, Trace.
3. Select the drive and directory where the file you wish to delete is located. In this example, choose
C:\START\. Use the navigation keys (Dir Up, Dir Select, step keys, front panel knob) to highlight
this location in the Path: field. (Refer to “Locating and viewing files in the catalog” on page 53 for
more instructions.)
4. Select the file you want to delete. In this example, choose the file RENAME.TRC. Move the cursor
with the navigation keys to highlight the file name.
5. Press Delete Now. The message: Deleting file pops up on the display during the operation.
Upon completion, the status bar reads: C:\START\RENAME.TRC file deleted. Your file is now
deleted and is no longer visible in the directory displayed on your analyzer.
Chapter 4
65
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Using the Alpha Editor
Using the Alpha Editor
The Alpha Editor enables you to select letters to enter a name for a file or directory (File, Rename, for
example).
1. Use the More keys to display the softkey that lists the character you want. Each softkey has several
characters on it.
2. When you press a softkey, its characters are displayed on individual softkeys.
3. Select the one you want.
66
Chapter 4
5
Options and Accessories
67
Options and Accessories
Ordering Options and Accessories
Ordering Options and Accessories
Options and accessories help you configure the analyzer for your specific applications, and enable you to
use the analyzer.
Options (see page 69)
Unless specified otherwise, all options are available when you order a spectrum analyzer; some options
are also available as kits that you can order and install after you receive the analyzer. Order kits through
your local Agilent Sales and Service Office.
At the time of analyzer purchase, options can be ordered using your product number and the number of
the option you are ordering. For example, if you are ordering Option 1D6 for an Agilent E4402B, you
would order E4402B-1D6.
If you are ordering an option after the purchase of your analyzer, you will need to add a U (for upgrade)
to the product number and then specify which option you are ordering (for example, E4402BU-1D6.)
If you know the option you wish to order, refer to “Options” on page 69 which is in ascending order by
option number and type. Complete option descriptions can be found in the following section, listed in
alphabetical order by option name under “Option Descriptions” on page 72.
For the latest information on Agilent Spectrum Analyzer options and upgrade kits, visit the following
Internet URL:
http://www.agilent.com/find/sa_upgrades
Accessories (see page 85)
Order accessories through your local Agilent Sales and Service Office.
68
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Options
ESA E-Series
E4401B
E4402B
E4404B
E4405B
E4407B
E4411B
E4403B
E4408B
Option
ESA L-Series
042
Gray Backpack Carrying Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
044
Yellow Backpack Carrying Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
049
Color Displaya
•
•
•
060
Low Emissionbc
106
•
•
•
•
Bluetooth FM Demodulationd
•
•
•
•
120
ACPR Dynamic Range Extension
•
•
•
•
219
Noise Figure Measurement Personality and
Hardware
•
•
•
•
•
225
Distance to Fault Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
•
226
Phase Noise Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
•
227
Cable TV Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
•
228
Bluetooth Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
229
Modulation Analysis
•
•
•
•
230
Benchlink Web Remote Control Softwaree
•
•
•
•
231
ESA to 89600 Series Software Link Utility
•
•
•
•
252
EDGE Upgrade GSM to Personalityf
•
•
•
•
266
8566 Series Programming Code Compatibility e
•
•
•
•
290
8590 Series Programming Code Compatibility g
•
•
•
•
•
304
Bluetooth Premium Bundle
•
•
•
•
0B0
Delete Manual Set
•
•
•
•
0B1
Add Manual Set
•
•
•
0BV
Service Documentation, Component Level
•
•
0BW
Service Documentation, Assembly Level
•
1AX
RS-232 and Parallel Interfaceh
1CP
Rack Mount with Handles
Chapter 5
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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•
69
Options and Accessories
Options
ESA E-Series
E4401B
E4402B
E4404B
E4405B
E4407B
E4411B
E4403B
E4408B
Option
ESA L-Series
1D5
High Stability Frequency Reference
•
•
•
•
•
1D6
Time-Gated Spectrum Analysis
•
•
•
•
•
1D7
50 to 75 Ohm Matching Pad
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1DN
50 Ohm Tracking Generator
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1DP
75 Ohm inputi
•
•
1DQ
75 Ohm Tracking Generatorj
•
•
1DR
Narrow Resolution Bandwidths
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1DS
RF Preamplifier
•
•
•
•
•
8ZE
Refurbished Analyzer
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A4H
GPIB and Parallel Interfacek
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A4J
IF, Video and Sweep Portsl
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A5D
DC Power Cable
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AXT
Hard Transit Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AYQ
FM Demod / Quasi Peak Detectorm
•
•
•
•
AYT
Gray Soft Carrying/Operating Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AYU
Yellow Carrying/Operating Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AYX
Fast Time Domain Sweeps
•
•
•
•
•
AYZ
External Mixing
B70
Benchlink Spectrum Analyzer Connectivity
Software
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
B72
Enhanced Memoryn
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
B74
RF and Digital Communications Hardwarei
•
•
•
•
B75
Performance Bundleh
•
•
•
•
•
B7B
TV Trigger and Picture on Screeno
•
•
•
•
•
B7D
Digital Signal Processing and Fast ADCp
•
•
•
•
B7E
RF Communications Hardwareq
•
•
•
•
B7K
Distance to Fault Accessory Kit
•
•
•
•
70
•
•
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
E4407B
•
•
•
E4408B
E4405B
•
E4403B
E4404B
•
E4411B
E4402B
Option
ESA L-Series
E4401B
ESA E-Series
BAA
FM Demodulationr
BAB
APC 3.5 Input Connector
BAC
cdmaOne Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
BAH
GSM Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
BAS
Express Option: Basic Analyzeri
•
•
•
BTG
Express Option: Basic Analyzer with Tracking
Generatori
•
•
•
COM
Express Option: Communications Test Analyzeri
HD4
Bundled Options (A4H, A4J and 1DP, and 227)
•
HD5
CATV Service and Installation Analyzer enhanced
bundle option
•
H70
70 MHz IF Output
•
•
•
•
STD
Express Option: Standard Analyzeri
•
•
•
•
STG
Express Option: Standard Analyzer with Tracking
Generatori
•
•
•
•
UE2
Firmware Upgrade Kit
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
UKB
Low Frequency Extensions
•
•
•
•
UK6
Commercial Calibrationh
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
UK9
Front Panel Cover
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
R-50C-011-3: 3 Year Inclusive Calibration Contract
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
R-50C-011-5: 5 Year Inclusive Calibration Contract
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
R-51B-001-3C: 3 Year Service Support
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
R-51B-001-5C: 5 Year Service Support
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Included with new analyzer purchase.
This option is incompatible with Option B7B and Option 1DP.
Option 060 performance is obtained only when using ac input power. Standard performance is obtained when
using battery or dc power.
Option 106 is incompatible with Option BAA and AYQ.
This option requires Option A4H.
Option 252 requires Option BAH.
This option requires Option A4H or Option 1AX.
Chapter 5
71
Options and Accessories
Options
h.
i.
j.
k.
l.
m.
n.
o.
p.
q.
r.
s.
Option 1AX is incompatible with Option A4H
This option is only available at time of purchase.
This option has a 75 Ohm output impedance, and is only available with Option 1DP.
Option A4H is incompatible with Option 1AX.
Option A4J is incompatible with Option AYX (Option AYX contains functionality of Option A4J).
Option AYQ is incompatible with Option BAA and 106.
Standard on analyzers with serial numbers greater than US41440000 or MY41440000
Option B7B requires Option BAA.
Option B7D requires Options B7E and 1D5, and contains Fast ADC compatibility of Option AYX, but does
not contain functionality of Option A4J.
Option B7E requires Options B7D and 1D5.
Option BAA is incompatible with Option 106 and AYQ.
Option UKB requires Option 1DR.
Option Descriptions
Option
Number
STD
Name
Express Option:
Standard Analyzer
Description
Option STD simplifies ordering and speeds delivery of ESA-E
Series analyzers with the following included options:
•
•
STG
Express Option:
Standard Analyzer with
Tracking Generator
BAS
Express Option:
Basic Analyzer
Option STG includes the 50 Ohm Tracking Generator (Option
1DN) with the same included options listed in the Option STD
description.
Option BAS simplifies ordering and speeds delivery of ESA-L
Series analyzers with the following option:
•
BTG
Express Option:
Basic Analyzer with
Tracking Generator
COM
Express Option:
Communications Test
Analyzer
72
Fast Digitized Time Domain Sweeps with additional IF,
Video, and Sweep Ports (Option AYX)
FM Demodulation (Option BAA)
IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J)
Option BTG includes the 50 Ohm Tracking Generator (Option
1DN) with the IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J) listed in
the Option BAS description.
Option STD simplifies ordering and speeds delivery of ESA-E
Series analyzers with the following included options:
•
•
•
•
•
Digital Signal Processing & Fast ADC (Option B7D)
FM Demodulation (Option BAA)
High Stability Frequency Reference (Option 1D5)
Narrow Resolution Bandwidth (Option 1DR)
RF Communications Hardware (Option B7E)
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
HD4
Name
Bundle Options
Description
E4411B Option HD4 consists of the standard options A4H, A4J,
1DP, and 227.
For information concerning the operation and connections,
reference the standard user’s and service guides for the E1799A
under Option 227. You will need to refer to the E4411B User’s
and Service Guide under Options A4H, 1DP, and A4J.
Option HD4 includes the following:
•
•
•
•
HD5
Bundle Options
E4411B Opt A4H GPIB Parallel Interface
E4411B Opt 1DP (75Ω RF Input Impedance)
E4411B Opt A4J (IF and Sweep Ports)
E4411B Opt 227, Cable TV Measurement Personality
User’s Guide and Disk
E4411B Option HD5 consists of the standard options A4H, A4J,
1DP, 227, along with special option HDS.
For information concerning the operation and connections,
reference the standard user’s and service guides for the E1799A
under Option 227. You will need to refer to the E4411B User’s
and Service Guide under Options A4H, 1DP, and A4J.
Option HD5 includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Chapter 5
E4411B Opt A4H (GPIB Parallel Interface)
E4411B Opt 1DP (75Ω RF Input Impedance)
E4411B Opt A4J (IF and Sweep Ports)
E4411B Opt 227, Cable TV Measurement Personality
User’s Guide and Disk
E4411B Opt HDS (Special Option Internal Preamplifier)
73
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
H70
Name
70 MHz IF Output
Upgrade
Description
E440xB Option H70 provides an analog 70 MHz IF Output to the
rear panel of the ESA by down-converting the 321.4 MHz IF
signal. The70 MHz IF is always “ON” while the ESA is powered
up.
For all conversion loss parameters listed below, the attenuator
setting is 0 dB. In highband, the preselector center routine must
be performed to achieve the conversion loss listed below. If
applicable, when Option 1DS (100 kHz to 3 GHz Preamp) is on,
there will be a 28 dB to 30 dB of gain in the 70 MHz IF Output on
the rear panel of the ESA. With the Preamp ON the conversion
loss outlined below will be +22 dB.
While performing the “Align All” routine on the ESA, the 70
MHz IF Output will be corrupted due to the systems variable gain
circuit stepping through the alignment routine.
There are no flatness corrections for the 70 MHz IF Out.
In all other respects this instrument is identical to the standard
instrument specifications.
B72
Enhanced Memory Upgrade
Option B72 provides 2 SIMMS which increases the analyzer’s
RAM to 32 MBytes and its flash or data storage memory to 16
MBytes (8 MBytes of which are available to the user for data
storage and measurement personalities). Note, this option is
standard in analyzers with prefixes of US4144 and MY4144 and
above.
UE2
Firmware Upgrade Kit
Option UE2 provides the most current ESA spectrum analyzer
firmware on 3-1/2 inch floppy disks.
74
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
Name
Description
1D7
50 Ω to 75 Ω Matching Pad
This option provides a 50 Ω to 75 Ω matching pad with dc
block to be used on the analyzer input. The pad has a
frequency range of 9 ≤ MHz to 2 GHz. It adapts your
standard 50 Ω analyzer to be compatible with a 75 Ω system
under test. Connector types are 50 Ω Type-N (m) to 75 Ω
BNC (f).
1DN
50 Ω Tracking Generator
Option 1DN provides a 9 kHz to 1.5 GHz built-in tracking
generator for the Agilent E4401B and the Agilent E4411B.
Option 1DN provides a 9 kHz to 3 GHz built-in tracking
generator for the Agilent E4402B, E4403B, E4404B,
E4405B, E4407B and E4408B. This source creates a
source-receiver combination that allows insertion-loss,
frequency response, and return-loss measurements. The
source-receiver combination has a wide distortion-free
dynamic range, plus good sensitivity and selectivity.
1DP
75 Ω Input Impedance
This option provides a 75 Ω input impedance instead of the
standard 50 Ω impedance. Analyzers with this option use
cables, circuit boards, and front panels that are different
from the standard units. Option 1DP is only available on
the Agilent E4401B and E4411B.
Option 1DP is not available after the purchase of your
analyzer.
1DQ
75 Ω Tracking Generator
Option 1DQ provides a 1 MHz to 1.5 GHz built-in tracking
generator for the Agilent E4401B and the Agilent E4411B.
This source creates a source-receiver combination that
allows insertion-loss, frequency response, and return-loss
measurements. The source-receiver combination has a wide
distortion-free dynamic range, plus good sensitivity and
selectivity.
Option 1DQ has a 75 Ω output impedance, and is only
available with Option 1DP.
1D6
Chapter 5
Time-Gated Spectrum
Analysis
Option 1D6 allows you to selectively measure the spectrum of
signals that may overlap in the frequency domain, but are
separated in the time domain. By adjusting a time gate based on a
user-supplied trigger signal, you can significantly increase the
diagnostic capability of your spectrum analyzer for
time-interleaved signals.
75
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
B7B
Name
TV Trigger and Picture on
Screen
Description
Option B7B requires Option BAA.
Option B7B allows you to trigger the analyzer sweep on a TV
line of a demodulated TV waveform and view TV images in
NTSC, PAL and SECAM standards on the analyzer display.
Option B7B provides the following additional ports:
EXT VIDEO IN/TV TRIG OUT - provides a shared baseband
video input and a TTL output for the TV trigger (output through
75 Ω source impedance).
EXT VIDEO OUT - provides a detected video output (before the
analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to the vertical
deflection of the trace (similar to Option BAA alone), and
provides pass through of the signal at EXT VIDEO IN/TV TRIG
OUT, if selected (75 Ω).
120
ACPR Dynamic Range
Extension
Option 120 provides extended dynamic range for ACPR
measurements by improving phase noise at offsets 800 kHz
to 8 MHz.
BAB
APC 3.5 Input Connector
The type-N female connector is replaced with an APC 3.5
mm male connector. An APC 3.5 (f) to APC 3.5 (f), and
BNC (f) to SMA (m) adapters are included for alignment
purposes.
049
Color Display
Option 049 changes the monochrome display in the ESA L-Series
to a color display. Included with new analyzer purchases.
B7D
Digital Signal Processing
and Fast ADC
Option B7D provides digital signal processing, fast ADC, and a
faster RMS detector. This option is required for many of the
mobile communication measurements in the GSM and cdmaOne
measurement personalities. Option B7D must be ordered with
Option B7E (RF communications hardware) and Option 1D5
(high stability frequency reference).
For A.07.00 firmware revisions and later, either this option or
Option AYX (Fast Digitized Time Domain Sweeps) is required to
perform the PowerStat Complementary Cumulative Distribution
Function (PowerStat CCDF) for all radio standards.
AYZ
76
External Mixing
Option AYZ allows the use of Agilent 11970 Series, and Agilent
11974 external mixers with the Agilent E4407B analyzer to
extend the frequency range to 110 GHz. Operation to 325 GHz is
also possible with non-Agilent mixers.
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
AYX
Name
Description
Fast Digitized Time Domain
Sweeps
Option AYX allows fast digitized sweep times as fast as 20 μsec
in spans of 0 Hz. Refer to the Sweep key description in your
User’s guide for information about possible sweep times. It also
provides the following additional inputs and outputs:
SWP OUT - sweep ramp output, provides a voltage ramp
proportional to the sweep of the analyzer (0 V to 10 V).
HI SWP OUT (TTL) - provides the HI SWP TTL signal as an
output (TTL high during a sweep, TTL low during a retrace).
It indicates when the analyzer is sweeping
HI SWP IN (TTL) - allows external sweep control. It can be
grounded to stop and reset the sweep.
AUX VIDEO OUT - provides detected video output (before
the analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to vertical
deflection of the trace.
AUX IF OUT - provides a 50 Ω, 21.4 MHz IF output that is
the down-converted signal of the RF input of the analyzer.
For A.07.00 firmware revisions and later, either this option or
Option B7D (Digital Signal Processing and Fast ADC) is
required to perform the PowerStat Complementary Cumulative
Distribution Function (PowerStat CCDF) for all radio standards.
It is also required to perform the ACP measurement when the
NADC radio standard is selected.
1D5
High Stability Frequency
Reference
Option 1D5 improves the frequency reference accuracy. The
analyzer’s synthesizer is phase locked to an oven controlled
crystal oscillator (OCXO), instead of the standard VCXO. When
present with narrow resolution bandwidth (Option 1DR) it
provides 1 Hz and 10 Hz resolution bandwidths.
A4J
IF, Sweep and Video Ports
Option A4J provides the analyzer with additional inputs and
outputs. They are as follows: SWP OUT, HI SWP OUT (TTL),
HI SWP IN (TTL), AUX VIDEO OUT, and AUX IF OUT.
SWP OUT - sweep ramp output, provides a voltage ramp
proportional to the sweep of the analyzer (0 V to 10 V).
HI SWP OUT (TTL) - provides the HI SWP TTL signal as an
output (TTL high during a sweep, TTL low during a retrace). It
indicates when the analyzer is sweeping.
HI SWP IN (TTL) - allows external sweep control. It can be
grounded to stop sweeping.
AUX VIDEO OUT - provides detected video output (before the
analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to vertical deflection
of the trace.
AUX IF OUT - provides a 50 Ω, 21.4 MHz IF output that is the
down-converted signal of the RF input of the analyzer.
Chapter 5
77
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
060
Name
Low Emission
Description
Option 060 provides reduced radiated and conducted emissions to
comply with EN55011 Class B requirements. The reduced
emissions applies during ac operation only.
Option 060 is incompatible with TV Trigger (Option B7B) and
75Ω input impedance (Option 1DP).
UKB
Low Frequency Extension
Option UKB extends the frequency range of the analyzer on the
low end to 100 Hz when DC coupling is selected. This option
requires installation of Option 1DR and is only available on ESA
models E4402B, E4404B, E4405B, and E4407B.
1DR
Narrow Resolution
Bandwidth
This option provides additional narrow resolution bandwidths of
10 Hz, 30 Hz, 100 Hz, and 300 Hz and 200 Hz EMI. These
bandwidths improve the analyzer sensitivity and allow you to
resolve closely spaced signals. If high stability frequency
reference (Option 1D5) is also installed then 1 Hz and 3 Hz
resolution bandwidth filters are available.
1DS
Preamplifier
The preamplifier improves the analyzer’s sensitivity (lowers the
noise floor) by approximately 16 dB.
B74
RF and Digital
Communications Hardware
Option B74 includes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
RF Communications Hardware (Option B7E),
Digital Signal Processing and Fast ADC (Option B7D),
Time-Gated Spectrum Analysis (Option 1D6),
Memory Extension (Option B72),
High Stability Frequency Reference (Option 1D5),
Preamplifier (Option 1DS),
Narrow Resolution Bandwidth (Option 1DR).
These options are required for optimum performance of the
cdmaOne (Option BAC) or GSM measurement personality
(Option BAH).
B75
Performance Bundle
Option B75 provides:
•
•
•
RF Preamplifier (Option 1DS)
Narrow Resolution Bandwidths (Option 1DR)
High Stability Frequency Reference (Option 1D5)
Refer to Options 1DS, 1DR, and 1D5 for details.
This option is only available at time of purchase.
B7E
78
RF Communications
Hardware
Option B7E provides the communications hardware required for
many digital communication measurements. Option B7E must be
ordered with Option B7D (digital signal processing and fast
ADC) and Option 1D5 (high stability frequency reference). This
provides burst carrier trigger capability.
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
BAA
Name
FM Demodulation
Description
Option BAA allows you to demodulate, display and measure
deviation of FM modulated signals. You can listen to audio
signals on a built-in speaker or with an earphone.
Option BAA provides the following additional port:
EXT VIDEO OUT - provides a detected video output (before the
analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to the vertical
deflection of the trace (75 Ω).
AYQ
FM Demodulation with
Quasi-Peak Detector
Option AYQ allows you to demodulate, display and measure
deviation of FM modulated signals. You can listen to audio
signals on a built-in speaker or with an earphone.
Option AYQ also provides your analyzer with squelch and
quasi-peak detector capabilities.
A4H
GPIB and Parallel Interface
Allows you to control your analyzer from a computer that uses a
general purpose interface bus (GPIB). Option A4H includes a
GPIB connector, a parallel interface connector for printers, a
CD-ROM containing IntuiLink Toolbar software, and the
programmer’s guide for you analyzer.
The IntuiLink software allows you to download spectrum analyzer
display or data files to a personal computer using Microsoft Word
or Microsoft Excel. IntuiLink Toolbar installation instructions are
included with the CD-ROM.
Option A4H allows the analyzer to copy its display to a printer
connected to the parallel interface connector.
Option A4H is included with, or can be replaced with Option
1AX with all new analyzer orders. This option was formerly
available as a separate option with previous analyzers.
1AX
RS-232 and Parallel
Interface
Allows you to control your analyzer from a computer that uses an
RS-232 interface. It includes a 2.5 meter 9-pin (f) to 9-pin (f)
connector RS-232 cable (Agilent 5182-4794), a parallel interface
connector for printers, a CD-ROM containing IntuiLink Toolbar
software, and the programmer’s guide for your analyzer.
IntuiLink Toolbar allows you to download spectrum analyzer display
or data files to a personal computer using Microsoft Word or
Microsoft Excel.
Option 1AX allows the analyzer to copy its display to a printer
connected to the parallel interface port.
Option 1AX can replace Option A4H, which is included with all
new analyzer orders. This option was formerly available as a
separate option with previous analyzers.
B7K
Chapter 5
Distance to Fault Accessory
Kit
Option B7K includes the 86205A (RF bridge), 11636A (power
divider), 909A (coax termination), 11512A (coax short),
8120-8687 (coax cable), in a padded case.
79
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
Name
Description
225
Distance to Fault
Measurement Personality
Performs a Fast Fourier Transform to calculate the distance to a
cable fault. This option must be ordered with tracking generator
(Option 1DN). This measurement includes on-screen
instructional dialog to guide set up and calibration. Velocity
factor and cable loss can be user-defined or selected from several
different pre-defined cable types.
106
Bluetooth FM
Demodulation
Option 106 is required to perform FM demodulation on signals
measured with the Bluetooth Measurement Personality (Option
228).
Option 106 allows you to demodulate, display and measure
deviation of Bluetooth FM modulated signals. You can listen to
audio signals on a built-in speaker or with an earphone.
Option 106 provides the following additional port:
EXT VIDEO OUT - provides a detected video output
(before the analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to the
vertical deflection of the trace (75 Ω).
228
Bluetooth Measurement
Personality
Provides transmitter and receiver measurements required to test
Bluetooth devices. The set of Bluetooth measurements
includes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Modulation Overview
Output Power
Carrier Frequency Drift
Monitor Band/Channel
Initial Carrier Frequency Tolerance
Modulation Characteristics
Option 228 includes: Bluetooth user’s guide, Bluetooth
quick reference card, Bluetooth measurement guide, and
Bluetooth programming commands manual.
Bluetooth FM Demodulation (Option 106) is required for full
functionality of this personality.
304
227
80
Bluetooth Premium
Bundle
Cable TV Measurement
Personality
Provides the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Bluetooth FM demodulator (Option 106)
Bluetooth measurement personality (Option 228)
high stability frequency reference (Option 1D5)
digital signal processing and fast ADC (Option B7D)
RF communications hardware (Option B7E)
enhanced memory upgrade (Option B72)
RF preamplifier (Option 1DS)
Provides measurement capabilities necessary for installation and
service of cable TV systems.
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
BAC
Name
cdmaOne Measurement
Personality
Description
Provides transmitter and receiver measurements that comply with
various international digital communications standards. The
measurements include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
channel power
receiver channel power
modulation accuracy (RHO)
code domain power
receiver spurious
out-of-band spurious
harmonics
occupied bandwidth
monitor channel/band
close-in spur
For optimum performance of this personality, Option COM with
RF Preamplifier (Option 1DS) is recommended.
BAH
GSM Measurement
Personality
Provides transmitter and receiver measurements that comply with
various international digital communications standards. The
measurements include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Transmit power
Power steps
Power versus time
Spurious emissions suite
Intermodulation attenuation suite
Phase and frequency error
Cable fault location suite
Slow frequency hopping cycle verification
Monitor suite
Output RF spectrum suite
For optimum performance of this personality, Option COM with
Time-Gated Spectrum Analysis (Option 1D6) and RF
Preamplifier (Option 1DS) are recommended.
252
EDGE Measurement
Personality
This option works with the GSM personality, Option BAH. It
provides additional transmitter and receiver measurements that
comply with the digital communications standards. The
measurements include:
•
•
•
Chapter 5
EDGE power versus time
EDGE EVM (error vector magnitude)
EDGE output RF spectrum suite
81
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
229
Name
Modulation Analysis
Personality
Description
Adds demodulation and analysis of the following base-band
modulation formats.
•
•
•
•
•
•
QPSK
Offset QPSK
pi/4 dQPSK
QAM 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256
GMSK (GSM standard compliant only)
8 FSK (EDGE standard compliant only)
This option also includes the ability to connect the analyzer to a
Windows NT 4.0 or Win2000 based PC running Agilent 89600
VSA software. The Agilent 89600 VSA software is not included
with this option, it is available separately.
219
Noise Figure Measurement
Personality and Hardware
Provides noise figure measurements including:
•
•
•
Limit lines
Loss compensation
Extended frequency (measures up/down converters)
To have specified performance below 3 GHz, you need the
preamp Option 1DS.
226
Phase Noise Measurement
Personality
Option 226 is an automated phase noise (dBc/Hz) measurement
solution. It provides the ability to measure SSB noise, RMS
noise, DANL, as well as the real-time generation of a phase noise
vs. log offset frequency, and phase noise vs. time.
High Stability Frequency Reference (Option 1D5) is
recommended. Narrow resolution bandwidth (Option 1DR) is
highly recommended. Without Option 1DR, the minimum offset
frequency will be 10 kHz.
266
HP 8566B/8568B
Programming Code
Compatibility
Option 266 allows use of a limited set of 8566B/8568B
programming commands to control the ESA Series
analyzers. When this option is enabled, SCPI commands
are disabled if the remote language selected is not SCPI.
290
8590 Series Programming
Code Compatibility
Option 290 allows use of a limited set of 8590 Series
programming commands to control the ESA Series
analyzers. When this option is installed on an ESA
analyzer, remote programming using SCPI commands is
not possible. This option must be uninstalled to restore
SCPI programming functionality.
231
ESA to 89600 Series
Software Link Utility
Option 231 adds connectivity of an ESA analyzer to a Windows
NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 based PC running Agilent 89600 VSA
software. The Agilent 89600 VSA software is not included with
this option. It is available separately.
82
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
Name
Description
B70
Benchlink Spectrum
Analyzer
Option B70 provides the Benchlink Spectrum Analyzer
software which can be used to capture screen images and
trace data using a personal computer (PC). The captured
information can then be used in other PC applications,
including word processors and spread sheets.
230
Web Remote Control
Software
Option 230 provides software which can be used to control the
analyzer remotely over the web. When the analyzer is connected
via GP-IB to one personal computer (PC), access to the analyzer
is available through any internet connection by specifying the IP
address of the physically connected PC. The following analyzer
functions are available through remote web access:
•
•
•
front panel control
capture screen images
capture trace data
•
remote programming commands (SCPI)
A5D
12 Vdc Power Cable
Option A5D provides a 12 Vdc power cable that allows
your analyzer to be powered from 12 V automotive or truck
batteries.
UK9
Front Panel Protective
Cover
The cover assembly snaps onto the front of your analyzer to
protect the front panel during travel and when the unit is not in
use. The front panel protective cover includes a storage
compartment to house small accessories or cables.
042
Backpack Operating and
Carrying Cases
Options 042 and 044 are protective soft operating and backpack
carrying cases. Option 042 is made of gray rip-stop nylon and
Option 044 is made of yellow rip-stop nylon. An outside pocket
holds manuals or other accessories. Reinforced adjustable padded
shoulder straps provides ergonomic distribution between your
shoulders. The front and rear panel soft covers adjust to be
compatible with the front panel protective hard cover (Option
UK9) and snap on battery pack (HP/Agilent E1779B). Side
ventilation allows for operation without removal, but the
maximum operating temperature is reduced to 45 °C.
Operating and Carrying
Cases
Options AYT and AYU are protective soft operating and carrying
cases. Option AYT is made of gray rip-stop nylon and Option
AYU is made of yellow rip-stop nylon. An outside pocket holds
manuals or other accessories. A reinforced adjustable padded
shoulder strap provides ergonomic distribution between your
hand and shoulder. The front and rear panel soft covers adjust to
be compatible with the front panel protective hard cover (Option
UK9) and snap on battery pack (Agilent E1779B). Side
ventilation allows for operation without removal, but the
maximum operating temperature is reduced to 45 °C.
044
AYT
AYU
Chapter 5
83
Options and Accessories
Options
Option
Number
Name
Description
AXT
Hard Transit Case
Option AXT provides a hard transit case. The hard transit case
will survive commercial transportation. This rugged case has two
wheels and an extendible handle for easy transport. The case can
also accommodate two battery packs and ac adapters.
1CP
Rack Mount Kit with
Handles
Option 1CP provides the parts necessary to mount the analyzer in
a standard 19 inch (482.6 mm) equipment rack. It includes front
handles and rack slides for added convenience. Rack mount
height is 8.75 in (222.3 mm).
0B1
Additional Manual Set
Option 0B1 provides an additional copy of the
User/Programmer, Measurements and Specifications
documentation for your instrument.
0B0
Delete Manual Set
Option 0B0 deletes copies of the User’s/Programmer’s,
Specifications and Measurements guides.
0BW
Service Documentation and
Performance Verification
and Adjustment Software
Option 0BW provides a copy of the Agilent ESA Spectrum
Analyzers Service Guide and PC-based performance verification
and adjustment software on CD-ROM. The service guide
describes assembly level troubleshooting procedures, provides a
parts list, and documents the adjustment procedures.
0BV
Component Level Service
Documentation
Option 0BV provides a copy of the Agilent ESA/EMC Spectrum
Analyzers Component-Level Information. The component-level
information includes parts lists, component-location diagrams,
and schematic diagrams for selected assemblies.
UK6
Commercial Calibration
with Test Data
Option UK6 provides the factory calibration test data on a floppy
disk and the standard commercial calibration certificate on the
initial analyzer shipment.
Option UK6 is only available at time of purchase.
R-50C-0113
3 Year Inclusive Calibration
Contract
Provides your analyzer with a 3 year analyzer calibration
contract.
R-51B-0013C
3 Year Service Support
Provides your analyzer with a total of 3 years of service
support. This adds a 2 year service contract to the
analyzer’s base 1 year warranty.
R-50C-0115
5 Year Inclusive Calibration
Contract
Provides your analyzer with a 5 year analyzer calibration
contract.
R-51B-0015C
5 Year Service Support
Provides your analyzer with a total of 5 years of service
support. This adds a 4 year service contract to the
analyzer’s base 1 year warranty.
8ZE
Refurbished Analyzer
Refurbished ESA E-Series and L-Series Spectrum Analyzers
with various hardware options can be ordered subject to
availability. Measurement personalities may be included or
upgraded with Option 8ZE orders.
84
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Accessories
Accessories
A number of accessories are available from Agilent Technologies to help you configure your analyzer
for your specific applications. They can be ordered through your local Agilent Sales and Service Office
and are listed below.
50 Ohm/75 Ohm Minimum Loss Pad
The HP/Agilent 11852B is a low VSWR minimum loss pad that allows you to make measurements on 75
Ohm devices using an analyzer with a 50 Ohm input. It is effective over a frequency range of dc to 2
GHz.
75 Ohm Matching Transformer
The HP/Agilent 11694A allows you to make measurements in 75 Ohm systems using an analyzer with a
50 Ohm input. It is effective over a frequency range of 3 to 500 MHz.
AC Probe
The Agilent 85024A high frequency probe performs in-circuit measurements without adversely loading
the circuit under test. The probe has an input capacitance of 0.7 pF shunted by 1 MOhm of resistance and
operates over a frequency range of 300 kHz to 3 GHz. High probe sensitivity and low distortion levels
allow measurements to be made while taking advantage of the full dynamic range of the spectrum
analyzer.
AC Probe (Low Frequency)
The Agilent 41800A low frequency probe has a low input capacitance and a frequency range of 5 Hz to
500 MHz.
Broadband Preamplifiers and Power Amplifiers
Preamplifiers and power amplifiers can be used with your spectrum analyzer to enhance measurements
of very low-level signals.
•
The Agilent 8447D preamplifier provides a minimum of 25 dB gain from 100 kHz to 1.3 GHz.
The Agilent 87405A preamplifier provides a minimum of 22 dB gain from 10 MHz to 3 GHz. (Power
is supplied by the probe power output of the analyzer.)
The Agilent 83006A preamplifier provides a minimum of 26 dB gain from 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz.
•
The Agilent 85905A CATV 75 ohm preamplifier provides a minimum of 18 dB gain from 45 MHz to
1 GHz. (Power is supplied by the probe power output of the analyzer.)
•
The 11909A low noise preamplifier provides a minimum of 32 dB gain from 9 kHz to 1 GHz and a
typical noise figure of 1.8 dB.
Chapter 5
85
Options and Accessories
Accessories
Carrying Strap (Part Number E4401-60028)
This carrying strap comes with Options AYT and AYU. It can also be ordered separately and used with
Agilent ESA analyzers.
External Keyboard
You may use any IBM AT compatible keyboard with a mini DIN connector. Screen titles and filenames
can be entered with the external keyboard.
GPIB Cable
For use with Option A4H. The Agilent 10833 Series GPIB cables interconnect GPIB devices and are
available in four different lengths (0.5 to 4 meters). GPIB cables are used to connect controllers to a
spectrum analyzer.
USB/GPIB Cable
For use with Option A4H. The Agilent 82357A USB/GPIB interface provides a direct connection from
the USB port on your laptop or desktop PC to GPIB instruments. It comes with the SICL and VISA
software for Windows® 98 (SE)/Me/2000/XP. Using VISA software, your existing GPIB programs
work immediately, without modification. The 82357A is a standard Plug and Play device and you can
interface with up to 14 GPIB instruments.
HP/Agilent 11970 Series Harmonic Mixers
The 11970 Series harmonic mixers are available to extend the frequency range of analyzers with Option
AYZ (external mixing) up to 110 GHz. The following six models are available:
Table 5-1.
86
HP/Agilent Model
Number
Frequency Range
11970K
18.0 to 26.5 GHz
11970A
26.5 to 40.0 GHz
11970Q
33.0 to 50.0 GHz
11970U
40.0 to 60.0 GHz
11970V
50.0 to 75.0 GHz
11970W
75.0 to 110 GHz
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Accessories
HP/Agilent 11974 Series Preselected Millimeter Mixers
11974 Series preselected millimeter mixers are available to extend the frequency range of analyzers with
Option AYZ (external mixing) up to 75 GHz. Preselection reduces mixer overload from broadband
signals, reduces radiation of local oscillator harmonics back to the device under test, and reduces the
level of image and multiple responses displayed. The following four models are available:
Table 5-2.
HP/Agilent Model
Number
Frequency Range
11974A
26.5 to 40.0 GHz
11974Q
33.0 to 50.0 GHz
11974U
40.0 to 60.0 GHz
11974V
50.0 to 75.0 GHz
Agilent E1779B Battery Pack
The E1779B is a battery pack that will power an Agilent analyzer for 80 to 114 minutes, depending on
the options installed in the analyzer. Refer to the E1779B Battery Pack User’s Guide for more
information.
NOTE
Agilent recommends a two person lift when using this instrument with the model 1779B
battery pack attached.
Parallel Interface Cable
For use with Option 1AX. A 36-pin to 25-pin male-to-male 2 meter cable can be used to connect
supported printers to an analyzer. This cable must be IEEE-1284 compliant.
Printer
For use with Option A4H or 1AX. The HP DeskJet personal printers provide black and white or color
printing for another form of permanent records of your test results. The HP LaserJet series printers are
also compatible. The printers connect to the parallel interface installed on the analyzer with either Option
A4H (standard) or 1AX.
RF and Transient Limiters
The Agilent 11867A and 11693A RF Limiters protect the analyzer input circuits from damage due to
high power levels. The 11867A operates over a frequency range of dc to 1800 MHz and begins reflecting
signal levels over 1 mW up to 10 W average power and 100 watts peak power. The 11693A microwave
limiter (0.1 to 12.4 GHz, usable to 18 GHz) guards against input signals over 1 milliwatt up to 1 watt
average power and 10 watts peak power.
The Agilent 11947A Transient Limiter protects the analyzer input circuits from damage due to signal
transients. It specifically is needed for use with a line impedance stabilization network (LISN). It
Chapter 5
87
Options and Accessories
Accessories
operates over a frequency range of 9 kHz to 200 MHz, with 10 dB of insertion loss.
RF Bridges
The Agilent 86205A 50 Ω RF bridge and 86207A 75 Ω RF bridge can be used to make reflection
measurements using an analyzer with tracking generator Option 1DN or 1DQ or with an external signal
generator. These external directional bridges offer high directivity and excellent port match. The 86205A
operates over a frequency range of 300 kHz to 6 GHz. The 86207A operates over a frequency range of
300 kHz to 3 GHz.
RS-232 Cable
For use with Option 1AX. The 24542GC is a 3 meter 9-pin (f) to 25-pin (m) RS-232 cable. The Agilent
24542U is a 3 meter 9-pin (f) to 9-pin (f) RS-232 cable for serial 9-pin PC connection to an analyzer. The
modem cable required is Agilent 24542M 9-pin (f) to 25-pin (m), and the PC cable is Agilent 24542U.
The Agilent 5182-4794 is a 2.5 meter 9-pin (f) to 9-pin (f) RS-232 cable for serial 9-pin PC connection
to an analyzer (included with Option 1AX).
Static Safe Accessories
9300-0797
3M static control mat 0.6 m × 1.2 m (2 ft. × 4 ft.) with a 4.6 cm (15 ft.) ground wire.
Does not include wrist strap or cord
9300-1367
Wrist-strap, color black, stainless steel. Four adjustable links and a 7 mm post-type
connection.
9300-0980
Wrist-strap cord 1.5 m (5 ft.)
9300-1308
ESD heel-strap (reusable 6 to 12 months)
88
Chapter 5
6
In Case of Difficulty
This chapter includes information on how to check for a problem with your Agilent Technologies
spectrum analyzer, and how to return it for service.
If you experience a problem or would like additional information about your analyzer, Agilent
Technologies’ worldwide organization is ready to provide the support you need. Before calling Agilent
89
In Case of Difficulty
Technologies, or returning an analyzer for service, perform the quick checks listed in “Check the Basics”
on page 92. This check may eliminate the problem.
If a problem persists, you may choose to:
•
Repair the analyzer yourself. See “Service Options” on page 93.
•
Return the analyzer to Agilent Technologies for repair. See “Returning an Analyzer for Service” on
page 94, for more information.
WARNING
No operator serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified personnel. To
prevent electrical shock, do not remove covers.
NOTE
If the analyzer is still under warranty or is covered by a maintenance contract, it will be
repaired under the terms of the warranty or plan (the warranty is located at the front of
this manual).
If the analyzer is no longer under warranty or is not covered by an Agilent Technologies
maintenance plan, Agilent Technologies will notify you of the cost of the repair after
examining the analyzer.
90
Chapter 6
In Case of Difficulty
Types of Spectrum Analyzer Messages
Types of Spectrum Analyzer Messages
The analyzer can generate various messages that appear on the display during operation.
For a complete list of spectrum analyzer messages, see the Instrument Messages and Functional Tests
manual. The following table describes the four types of spectrum analyzer messages.
Table 6-1
Types of Messages
Type of Message
Location
Notes
Informational messages typically
provide verification that an action
has occurred. In general, no user
intervention is required.
Bottom of the display
in the status line (in
green on analyzers
with a color display).
Messages will remain until the
message is cleared by pressing Esc
or Preset, or is overwritten by
another message.
Pop-up messages prompt you to
verify that an action will be
performed or tell you that an action
is currently being performed.
Middle of the display
in a framed box.
Message remains until you
acknowledge the prompt, or the
action is completed.
Status messages indicate a condition
that may result in erroneous data
being displayed. Multiple status
messages may be displayed at the
same time.
Right side of the
display and/or in the
SCPI Status Register
system.
Most messages remain only until the
erroneous condition is corrected.
User Error messages appear when
an attempt has been made to set a
parameter incorrectly or an operation
has failed (such as saving a file).
Bottom of the display
in the status line (in
yellow on analyzers
with a color display)
and in the SCPI Error
Queue.
Messages remain until you clear the
error (press System, Show Errors,
Clear Error Queue), or another
message is displayed in the status
line.
Chapter 6
Pressing the Esc or Preset keys will
clear error messages from the
display, but the messages will
remain in the error queue.
91
In Case of Difficulty
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
Check the Basics
— Is there power at the receptacle?
— Is the analyzer turned on? Listen for internal fan noise to determine if the analyzer cooling fan is
running. Feel the right side of the analyzer to feel for air flow.
— If other equipment, cables, and connectors are being used with your spectrum analyzer, make sure
they are connected properly and operating correctly.
— Review the measurement procedures being performed when the problem first appeared. Are all of
the settings correct?
— If the analyzer is not functioning as expected, return the analyzer to a known state by pressing
Preset, and Factory Preset (if displayed).
NOTE
Some analyzer settings are not affected by a Preset. If you wish to reset the analyzer
configuration to the state it was in when it was originally sent from the factory, press
System, Power On/Preset, Preset Type, Factory. Then press the green Preset key on
the front panel.
— Is the measurement being performed, and the results that are expected, within the specifications
and capabilities of the analyzer? Refer to the Specifications guide for your analyzer.
— To meet specifications, the analyzer must be aligned. Either the Auto Align (On) feature must be
selected (press System, Alignments, Auto Align, On), or the analyzer must be manually aligned
at least once every hour (see your specifications guide for more information), or whenever the
temperature changes more than 3°C. When Auto Align, On is selected, the AA screen annotation
appears on the left edge of the display.
— Perform an Alignment. Press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
— If the previously performed alignments did not resolve the problem, press System, Alignments,
Load Defaults. Then press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
— Is the analyzer displaying an error message? If so, refer to the Instrument Messages and
Functional Tests manual.
— If the necessary equipment is available, perform the functional tests in the Instrument Messages
and Functional Tests document for your analyzer.
TIP
92
You can get automatic electronic notification of new firmware releases and other product
updates/information by subscribing to the Agilent Technologies Test & Measurement
E-Mail Notification Service for the PSA or ESA Series at
http://wwwdb.tm.agilent.com/cgi-bin/notification/user.pl
Chapter 6
In Case of Difficulty
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
Read the Warranty
The warranty for your analyzer is documented in the front of your specs guide. Please read it and become
familiar with its terms.
If your analyzer is covered by a separate maintenance agreement, please be familiar with its terms.
Service Options
Agilent Technologies offers several optional maintenance plans to service your analyzer after the
warranty has expired. Call your Agilent Technologies office for full details.
If you want to service the analyzer yourself after the warranty expires, you can purchase the service
documentation that provides all necessary test and maintenance information.
You can order the service documentation, Option 0BW (assembly level troubleshooting and adjustment
software) through your Agilent Technologies office.
Connector Care
Cleaning connectors with alcohol shall only be done with the instruments power cord removed, and in a
well-ventilated area. Allow all residual alcohol moisture to evaporate, and the fumes to dissipate prior to
energizing the instrument.
WARNING
If flammable cleaning materials are used, the material shall not be stored, or left
open in the area of the equipment. Adequate ventilation shall be assured to prevent
the combustion of fumes, or vapors.
For information on proper connector care and cleaning, go to the following URL:
http://cp.literature.agilent.com/litweb/pdf/08510-90360.pdf
Contacting Agilent Technologies
For assistance, contact your nearest Agilent Technologies Sales and Service Office. To find your local
Agilent office access the following URL, or if in the United States, call the following telephone number:
http://www.agilent.com/find/assist
1-800-829-4444 (8 am - 8 pm ET, Monday - Friday)
In any correspondence or telephone conversations, refer to your analyzer by its product number, full
serial number, and firmware revision.
Press System, More (1 of 3), Show System, and the product number, serial number, and firmware
revision information will be displayed on your analyzer screen. A serial number label is also attached to
the rear panel of the analyzer.
Chapter 6
93
In Case of Difficulty
Returning an Analyzer for Service
Returning an Analyzer for Service
Service Tag
When you are returning an analyzer to Agilent Technologies for service, fill out and attach one of the
blue service tags provided at the end of this chapter. Please be as specific as possible about the problem.
If you have recorded any error messages that appeared on the display, have completed a functional test,
or have any other specific data on the performance of your analyzer, please include a copy of this
information.
Original Packaging
Before shipping, pack the unit in the original factory packaging materials if they are available. If the
original materials were not retained, see "Other Packaging" (below).
NOTE
Install the transportation disk into the floppy drive to reduce the possibility of damage
during transportation. If the original transportation disk is not available, a blank floppy
may be substituted.
Other Packaging
CAUTION
Analyzer damage can result from using packaging materials other than those specified.
Never use styrene pellets in any shape as packaging materials. They do not adequately
cushion the equipment or prevent it from shifting in the carton. They cause equipment
damage by generating static electricity and by lodging in the analyzer louvers, blocking
airflow.
You can repackage the analyzer with commercially available materials, as follows:
1. Attach a completed service tag to the analyzer.
2. Install the transportation disk or a blank floppy disk into the disk drive.
3. Wrap the analyzer in antistatic plastic to reduce the possibility of damage caused by electrostatic
discharge.
4. Use a strong shipping container. The carton must be both large enough and strong enough to
accommodate the analyzer. A double-walled, corrugated cardboard carton with 159 kg (350 lb)
bursting strength is adequate. Allow at least 3 to 4 inches on all sides of the analyzer for packing
material.
94
Chapter 6
In Case of Difficulty
Returning an Analyzer for Service
5. Surround the equipment with three to four inches of packing material and prevent the equipment
from moving in the carton. If packing foam is not available, the best alternative is S.D.-240 Air
Cap™ from Sealed Air Corporation (Hayward, California, 94545). Air Cap looks like a plastic sheet
filled with 1-1/4 inch air bubbles. Use the pink-colored Air Cap to reduce static electricity. Wrapping
the equipment several times in this material should both protect the equipment and prevent it from
moving in the carton.
6. Seal the shipping container securely with strong nylon adhesive tape.
7. Mark the shipping container “FRAGILE, HANDLE WITH CARE” to assure careful handling.
8. Retain copies of all shipping papers.
Chapter 6
95
In Case of Difficulty
Returning an Analyzer for Service
96
Chapter 6
Index
Numerics
10 MHz REF INPUT, 34
10 MHz REF OUTPUT, 34
50 ohm RF bridge, 88
50 ohm/75 ohm minimum loss pad, 85
75 ohm matching transformer, 85
75 ohm RF bridge, 88
A
AC probe, 85
Accessories, 85
carrying strap, 86
accessories
50 ohm/75 ohm minimum loss pad,
85
75 ohm matching transformer, 85
AC probe, 85
battery pack, 87
broadband preamplifiers, 85
External Keyboard, 86
GPIB cable, 86
harmonic mixers, 86
Parallel Interface Cable, 87
preselected millimeter mixers, 87
printer, 87
RF bridge, 88
RF limiters, 87
RS-232 cable, 88
transient limiters, 87
ACPR
card slot location, 32
active function, 36
Agilent Technologies, contacting, 93
alignments, internal, 17
alpha editor, using, 66
amplifiers, 85
Amplitude key, 24
AMPTD REF OUT, 26
analyzer battery, 13
annotations, display, 28
application information, 2
arrow keys, 26
arrow keys, using, 43
AUX IF OUT, 33
AUX VIDEO OUT, 33
B
battery
analyzer, 13
battery information, 13
battery pack, 87
Benchlink Web Remote Control
Software, 83
Bluetooth
card slot location, 32
FM Demodulation, 80
General Purpose Bundle, 80
Measurement Personality, 80
Premium Bundle, 80
broadband preamplifiers, 85
C
cable
GPIB, 86
parallel interface, 87
RS-232, 88
Cable TV Measurement Personality,
80
carrying strap, 86
Catalog Menu, 54
catalogs
definition, 52
naming, 66
checking the fuse, 10
clock, battery, 13
connectivity
tools, 7
connector
10 MHz ref input, 34
10 MHz ref output, 34
aux if output, 33
aux video output, 33
ext trig input, 31
external keyboard, 26
GPIB, 33
hi sweep in, 33
hi sweep out, 31, 33
INPUT 50 ohm, 26
parallel interface, 33
probe power, 26
RF OUT 50 ohm, 27
RS-232, 33
service, 31
CONTROL functions, 25
copy files, 64
D
data controls, 25
data keys, 26
data, entering from front panel, 43
DC Fuse, 35
DC probes
use of, 85
delete files, 65
demodulation
Bluetooth FM, 80
Digital Signal Processing and Fast
ADC
card slot location, 32
Dir Select key, 55
Dir Up key, 55
directories, definition, 52
directory
creating, 55
disk format, 55
display annotations, 28
display, information screen, 14
Distance to Fault Measurement
Personality, 80
documentation
CD-ROM, 8
standard set, 7
down arrow key, 26
E
earphone connector, 25
electrostatic discharge (ESD)
protecting against, 21
EMI
Low Emission (Option 060), 78
Enter key, using, 43
Esc key, 24
escape key, 24
ESD safety accessories, 88
examples
frequency accuracy, 48
signals, viewing, 45
EXT KEYBOARD, 26
EXT TRIG IN, 31
External Keyboard, 86
external keyboard connector, 26
external reference, 15
F
factory preset, description, 44
Fast ADC
card slot location, 32
features
front panel, 24
file copying, 64
file deleting, 65
file formats, 53, 57, 59
File key, 25
file menu functions, 53
copy, 64
delete, 65
format, 55
rename, 63
save, 57, 59, 61
file renaming, 63
file saving, 57, 59, 61
files
naming, 66
firmware upgrade information, 2
floppy disk format, 55
FM Demodulation, 33
Bluetooth, 33
card slot location, 32
format a disk, 55
frequency accuracy, increasing, 48
Index-97
Index
frequency count, using, 48
Frequency Extension
card slot location, 32
Frequency Extension Assembly, 34
Frequency key, 24
front panel
display annotations, 28
entering data, 43
symbols, 38
front panel features, 24
fuse, 10
fuse holder, 31
fuse location, 31
G
GATE TRIG/EXT TRIG IN (TTL), 31
GATE/HI SWP OUT (TTL), 31
GPIB, 79
card slot location, 32
GPIB cable, 86
GPIB connector, 33
GSM Measurement Personality, 81
H
Help key, 27
HI SWEEP IN, 33
HI SWEEP OUT, 31, 33
hold key, 24
I
information screen, 14
information, additional, 2
INPUT 50 ohm, 26
instrument preset, 25
interface bus
GPIB, 79
RS-232, 79
internal alignments, 17
IntuiLink software, 7
K
key overview, 36
keypad, using, 43
knob, 25
knob, using, 43
L
limiters
RF and transient, 87
line fuse, 31
Load key, 25
M
manuals, standard set, 7
marker
Index-98
frequency and amplitude, reading, 46
moving
to peak, 46
to reference level, 46
with knob or arrow key, 46
turning off, 48
marker annotation
change with frequency count, 48
location, 46
MARKER functions, 25
Measure key, 25
Media Door, 25
Menu keys, 24
menu keys, 36
missing options, 15
mixers
External Mixing (Option AYZ), 76
harmonic, 86
preselected millimeter, 87
modulation analysis, 82
monitor output, 31
moving
data from analyzer, 7
data to PC, 7
Distance to Fault, 80
GSM, 81
personality options not in instrument,
15
Phase Noise Measurement Personality,
82
power amplifiers, 85
power input, 31
power on key, 14, 27
preamplifiers, 85
preset
factory, 44
types, 44
user, creating, 44
Print key, 25
printer, 87
printer connector
parallel, 79
printer control, 25
printer setup, 18
probe power connector, 26
probes
AC and DC, 85
product information, 2
N
navigating
catalogs, 54
files, 54
tables, 37
Navigation keys, 54, 55
Next Window key, 27
number/units keypad, 26
numeric keypad, using, 43
R
rear panel
symbols, 38
rear panel features, 31
rear-panel battery information label, 13
reference level, setting, 46
remote control
Benchlink Web Remote Control
Software, 83
rename files, 63
Return key, 26
RF bridge, 88
RF limiters, 87
RF OUT 50 ohm, 27
RPG knob, 25
RPG, using, 43
RS-232, 79
card slot location, 32
RS-232 Cable, 88
RS-232 cable, 88
RS-232 interface connector, 33
O
on/off switch, 14, 27
Option 1AX, 79, 80, 82
Option 226, 82
Option B7B (TV trigger and picture on
screen), 76
Options
RS-232 and parallel interface, 79,
80, 82
options not in instrument memory, 15
ordering options, 72
overview, keys and key menus, 36
P
packaging, 94
Parallel Interface Cable, 87
parallel interface connector, 33
PC connectivity, 7
Personality
Bluetooth, 80
Cable TV, 80
S
save files, 57, 59, 61
Save key, 25
saving
bitmaps, 53, 57, 59
trace files, 53, 57, 59
screen annotation, 28
screen, information, 14
service connector, 31
service options, 93
Index
signals, increasing accuracy, 48
signals, viewing, 45
softkeys, auto and man mode, 43
softkeys, basic types, 43
software
IntuiLink, 7
Span key, 24
speaker on/off control, 25
speaker volume control, 26
static safety accessories, 88
step keys, 26
sweep output connector
SWEEP OUT, 33
symbols in titles, 66
symbols, on front and rear panels, 38
System key, 25
T
Tab, 26
tab key, 37
Tab Keys, 26
table
navigation, 37
text, entering, 66
titles, editing, 66
transient limiter, 87
turning on the analyzer for the first
time, 14
TV Trigger and Picture on Screen, 76
U
unit softkeys, using, 43
up arrow key, 26
URL, PSA analyzers, 2
user preset
creating, 44
description, 44
disabling, 44
V
VGA connector, 31
video connector, 31
Viewing Angle keys, 24
volume control, 26
VOLUME knob, 26
W
warm-up time, 14
warranty, 93
Index-99
Index
Index-100
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