Credit Card Fraud Protection - First Data Merchant Solutions

Credit Card Fraud Protection - First Data Merchant Solutions
First Data
Merchant Solutions
Credit Card Fraud Protection – User Guide
Credit Card Fraud Protection
How to reduce the risk of card present fraud.
How to reduce the risk of card not present fraud 7
Delivering the goods
Refunding 10
Third Party Processing
What to do if you suspect or identify a fraudulent transaction
Points to Remember
1. How to reduce the risk of card present fraud
When the card is present at the point of sale, take a good look at the card to ensure that it
is genuine. Ensure that you maintain possession of the card until the transaction has been
Check Card Details
• Does the card appear genuine? Is the embossing clear and even and does the
printing look professional?
Check the front and back to ensure the card contains:
- Card Issuer’s logo
- Cardholder name
- Card number
- Expiry date
-CVV2/CVC2 – The 3 digit value located on or near the signature panel of the
credit card.
-Hologram (should appear three-dimensional and change colour
when tilted),
•If the customer is paying with a foreign-issued card and using a signature rather than
a PIN, check the cardholder’s signature on the receipt against the actual credit card
• Check expiration dates on all credit cards. Never accept an expired credit card.
• Ensure the number embossed on the front of the card matches the truncated
number on the receipt.
• Does the name match the customer? For example: does the gender of the presenter
match the salutation of the name printed on the card? Ask for photo identification to
confirm details if suspicious.
Always swipe or insert the card
• Never manually enter the credit card number. Take extra caution if the customer
requests you to manually key a transaction.
What to look out for:
Being vigilant about unusual credit card spending can help you avoid becoming a victim
of a potential fraud attack. Look out for:
• Customers who appear nervous or anxious, or hurries you at closing time.
• Customers who seem to not care about the item they are purchasing. For example,
those who do not check the size or the price of an item, grab several items quickly,
or do not worry about the warranty.
• Customers who request immediate delivery, that is, they want to take large and
expensive items immediately.
• Customers who request you to manually key the card number.
• Multiple cards presented. Be wary of people that give you more than two card
numbers, or try to split the order.
• Do not accept declined transactions. Note: Do not split a declined transaction
into smaller amounts.
Be Aware. Prevent Fraud.
Reduce the Risk.
If the customer does not cooperate or the details do not match, do not proceed with the
transaction or ask for another form of payment. Contact the First Data Merchant Solutions
Fraud team.
Common Card Designs
Visa International – Visa Card Security Features 2006
MasterCard Worldwide – Card Security Features 2008
2. How to reduce the risk of card not present fraud
Card not present transactions are those where neither the card nor the cardholder are
present at the point of sale, such as internet or mail order/telephone order purchases.
Merchants who accept card not present transactions face a higher risk of becoming victims
of fraud as the anonymity of card not present transactions make them appealing targets
for fraudsters. The following tips may help reduce the possibility of fraudulent card not
present transactions.
• Obtain as much information as possible: the credit
card number, name of bank, full name, address,
expiry date, CVV2/CVC2 and contact telephone
number (including landline). If processing the
transaction via a terminal ensure you enter the
card details correctly as per the operating guides
for MO/TO transactions.
• Use some form of additional validations, such as
the electronic white pages to cross check details
• Call the customer on the quoted contact
telephone number to confirm details of the order,
especially for large and/or suspicious orders.
• Request further identification such as a photocopy of the front and back of the card.
This will ensure the person has the card in their possession. Beware of fake photo
shopping as some of our merchants have received completely bogus cards in a JPEG
format. It must be a genuine photocopy.
• If you take payments via a website, contact your gateway provider and see if they
have any fraud prevention software which you can utilize.
Always obtain authorisation for all card not present transactions, regardless of value, and
for the full amount of the transaction. Remember an Authorisation only confirms that funds
are available at the time of the call and that the card has not been reported lost or stolen.
It does not guarantee that the person quoting the card number is the owner of the card
or is entitled to use the card.
• Keep all copies of correspondence including invoices, emails, quotations, faxes,
proof of delivery, etc.
What to look out for:
• Items ordered are an unusual quantity or multiple orders of the same item.
• Big ticket items or orders that are larger than normal for your business. If it seems
“too good to be true” it probably is.
• Orders requested as urgent or for overnight delivery.
• You are not permitted to sell items that are different from the products you
normally sell.
• When orders are cancelled and customer is requesting a transfer of money to a card
or method other than back to the original credit card. (eg. Money order, money
transfer). This is not permitted.
• Different cards are provided (including different cardholder names) but same
delivery address given.
• Multiple cards presented. Be wary of people that give you more than two
card numbers, try to split the order, or if one card declines and another card is
readily available.
• If they do give you multiple card numbers look at the actual numbers, are the first 12
digits the same then they change the last four? For example you have been given
three cards:
• 4876 54** **** 1145, 4876 54** ****5269, 4876 54** ****8537
• Notice that the card numbers only vary by the last 4 digits.
• Be wary of Internet orders using generic Internet addresses using free email services.
• Email messages written in poor or childish English.
• Multiple transactions charged to one card over a short period of time.
• Exercise caution when taking foreign orders. Orders from Asia, the Middle East
and Africa may represent higher risk.
Remember the liability for all card not present transactions rests with the merchant.
Therefore the more information you gather to satisfy yourself that the transaction is valid
the more chance you have of identifying fraud and reducing the chargeback risk. It is in
your interest to ensure you have sound fraud detection steps and risk minimisation polices
in place for your sales people.
3. Delivering the goods
A common point of fraudulent transactions is allowing someone, particularly a third party
to pick up the goods from your store after a telephone order has been placed without the
credit card being presented, a card imprint taken or signature obtained. Deliveries should
always be made by your carrier or by a reputable courier engaged by you, not by your
For deliveries the following procedures are recommended:
• Ensure the person making the delivery delivers the goods to a person inside the
premises, not someone outside, for example hanging around the veranda.
• The deliverer should always obtain the signature of the person taking the delivery.
• Never deliver to car parks or parks.
• Try to deliver only to physical addresses, take extra caution when delivering to hotels
and PO BOX addresses.
• Be wary of orders going overseas, recent fraud trends have indicated Africa and Asia
fraudsters targeting Australian merchants with stolen credit card numbers.
• Take a card imprint wherever possible on delivery.
• Handy Hint: Check Internet maps and street views to verify business
4. Refunding
You are not permitted to:
• Refund a transaction back to a card other than the one used to make the original
• Send the refunded amount to the customer via the Internet, money order or
international money transfer.
• Be cautious if you are asked to refund or transfer money for an overpayment or
freight charges.
• It is also beneficial to monitor all refunds processed. An increasingly common form
of fraud involves employees using your EFTPOS solution to process refunds to their
own cards. Ensure only authorised staff have access to process refunds and be
aware of your refund limits.
• Regularly change your refund password. Do not use a generic password
such as 0000.
5. Third Party Processing
Third party processing is forbidden.
Third party processing is where you process a transaction on behalf of another company
or person. If any transactions are deemed as fraudulent, you will be responsible for the
chargeback of that transaction. Here are some typical scenarios of third party processing:
“If you process these transactions I will give you 20% of the total sales”.
“My terminal is broken and the bank can’t fix it till next week, can you please process these
transactions for me as I will lose the sales”.
6. What to do if you suspect
or identify a fraudulent transaction
Contact the First Data Merchant Solutions
fraud team by calling 1800 FRAUD8 if you
suspect or identify fraud.
If you identify a lost or stolen card attempt
to retain the card and call the fraud team or
the police. Your safety comes first – do not
take any risks.
7. Chargebacks
A Chargeback is a reversal of a credit card transaction and usually occurs when a customer
raises a dispute with their financial institution (also known as the Issuer) in relation to a
purchase made on their credit card. A chargeback may cause the amount of the original
sale and a chargeback fee to be deducted from the merchant’s account.
The reasons why chargebacks arise vary greatly but are generally the result of a customer
being dissatisfied with their purchase or due to illegal or fraudulent activity/use of their
Common chargeback reasons:
• Transaction not recognised by the cardholder
• Transaction not authorised by the cardholder
• Duplicated transactions
• Cancelled recurring/direct debit transactions
• Goods/Services not received or faulty
• Goods/Services not as described
• No authorisation obtained
• Fraud enquiries
• Legal proceedings
• Point-of-Sale errors
The Chargeback process:
1. Transaction is disputed. Cardholder raises problem with their financial institution (known
as the Issuer) or the Issuer discovers a breach of the card scheme rules.
2. Issuer advises First Data Merchant Solutions.
3. First Data Merchant Solutions may request documentation from the merchant to verify
the transaction. The merchant has a set timeframe to respond to retrieval requests, usually
15 days.
4. If the chargeback is invalid First Data Merchant Solutions will decline the chargeback
and return it to the Issuer.
5. If the chargeback is valid the chargeback amount is debited from the merchant’s
account and written notification is provided to the merchant. A chargeback fee may also
be charged to the merchants account.
©2015 First Data Corporation. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks, service marks and trade names used in this material are the property of their respective owners.
8. Points to Remember
1.If you are suspicious, contact the First Data Merchant Solutions Fraud team prior to the
processing and dispatching of the goods.
2. Always obtain authorisation regardless of value and for the full transaction amount.
3.Do not let customers coach you on how to use the terminal; you are in charge of it, not
4.Secure your equipment – do not leave terminals unattended.
5.Look at the decline codes on the EFTPOS terminal when a transaction rejects, does the
code indicate the card is lost or stolen? If so retain the card. Is the card number valid? If
not do not proceed with the transaction or accept another card.
6.Do not lower the amounts, split sales or accept card after card.
7. Be mindful of overseas orders.
8.Never do third party processing.
9.Store your customer’s information securely. Ensure all your computer systems are
password protected and data maintained on databases should be encrypted. Ensure all
paper records are securely stored with restricted access. Never store the CVV2/CVC2 or
full card track data. Report all security incidents.
10. Train your staff. Ensure your staff are aware and vigilant to potential fraudsters.
11. B
e aware of what your staff are processing. Staff have been found to be involved in
fraudulent activity. Look out for staff refunding to their own credit cards or storing
unnecessary customer information.
12. B
e extra cautious on high risk transactions including: card not present, manually keyed,
no authorisation obtained or fallback transactions.
Adopting these suggestions may help reduce fraud but will not guarantee that you will
not be a victim of credit card fraud.
It is your responsibility to confirm that the purchaser is the genuine cardholder, as you may
be liable for the transaction in the case of a chargeback under your merchant agreement
terms and conditions. Merchants should be aware of their responsibilities under their First
Data Merchant Solutions Merchant Agreement General Terms. A copy of the agreement
can be found at
For further information regarding fraud prevention please call
the First Data Merchant Solutions fraud team on 1800 FRAUD8.
Be Aware. Prevent Fraud.
© 2015 First Data Corporation. All Rights Reserved. All trademarks, service marks, and trade names referenced in this material are the property of their respective owners.
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