Embedded MegaRAID Software
User Guide - English
Embedded MegaRAID Software
April 2015
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Certified documentation
according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2008
To ensure a consistently high quality standard and
user-friendliness, this documentation was created to
meet the regulations of a quality management system
which complies with the requirements of the standard
DIN EN ISO 9001:2008.
cognitas. Gesellschaft für Technik-Dokumentation mbH
www.cognitas.de
Copyright and Trademarks
Copyright © 2015 Fujitsu Technology Solutions GmbH.
All rights reserved.
Delivery subject to availability; right of technical modifications reserved.
All hardware and software names used are trademarks of their respective manufacturers.
TRADEMARK ACKNOWLEDGMENT
LSI, the LSI logo design, and MegaRAID are trademarks or registered trademarks of LSI Corporation. MS-DOS and Windows are registered
trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Novell and Netware are registered trademarks and SUSE is a trademark of Novell, Inc. Red Hat is a
registered trademark of Red Hat, Inc. Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds. SCO and UnixWare are registered trademarks and OpenServer is a
trademark of SCO Group, Inc. FreeBSD is a registered trademark of The FreeBSD Foundation. Solaris is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
All other brand and product names may be trademarks of their respective companies.
Based on the Avago Technologies manual:
Embedded MegaRAID Software
User Guide
Revision 2.0, February 2015
DB15-001197-00
Embedded MegaRAID Software User Guide
February 2015
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.1 Embedded RAID Software Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.1.1 Device Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.1.2 RAID Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
1.1.3 Error Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.1.4 Driver Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.1.5 BIOS Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.1.6 Unified Extensible Firmware Interface Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.1.7 RAID Management Utility Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.2 RAID Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.2.1 RAID 0 Configuration Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.2.2 RAID 1 Configuration Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
1.2.3 RAID 5 Configuration Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.2.4 RAID 10 Configuration Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Chapter 2: Driver Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.1 Windows 2003 Driver Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1 Windows 7, Windows 2008, and Windows Vista Driver Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.2 Updating the Windows Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.3 Confirming the Windows Driver Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
13
13
13
Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.1 Performing a Quick Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 Management Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3 Configuration Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.3.1 Configuration Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4 Configuring Drive Groups and Virtual Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5 Creating a Storage Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.1 Selecting the Configuration Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.2 Using the Easy Configuration Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.3 Using the New Configuration Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.5.4 Using the View/Add Configuration Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.6 Clearing a Storage Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.7 Configuring a Bootable Virtual Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.8 Initializing Virtual Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.8.1 First Initialization Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.8.2 Second Initialization Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.9 Rebuilding a Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.10 Creating a Global Hot Spare Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.11 Checking Data Consistency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.12 Displaying and Changing Controller Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.12.1 Displaying and Changing Controller Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.12.2 Displaying and Changing Drive Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.12.3 Viewing or Changing Virtual Drive Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.13 Forcing Drives Online or Offline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
15
15
16
17
17
17
18
21
25
29
29
30
30
31
32
33
34
35
35
37
38
39
Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
4.1 Managing Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.1 Viewing Controller Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.2 Changing Controller Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.1.3 Clearing Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Avago Technologies Confidential
-3-
40
40
45
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Embedded MegaRAID Software User Guide
February 2015
Table of Contents
4.2 Managing Virtual Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.1 Configuring Virtual Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.2 Managing Virtual Drive Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.3 Selecting Virtual Drive Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.4 Viewing Drive Group Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3 Managing Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.1 Viewing Drive Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.3.2 Selecting Drive Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4 UDK2010 Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
48
51
53
58
61
61
63
65
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
5.1 MegaCLI Command Tool Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2 MegaCLI Commands Not Supported by Embedded MegaRAID Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3 Exception Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4 Command Line Abbreviations and Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.1 Abbreviations Used in the Command Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.2 Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5 Adapter Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.1 Display Adapter Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.2 Enable or Disable Automatic Rebuild . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.3 Set Adapter Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.4 Display Specified Adapter Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.5 Set Time and Date on Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.6 Display Adapter Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.7 Set Factory Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.6 Event Log Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.6.1 Manage the Event Log Entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7 Configuration Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.1 Add RAID 0, RAID 1, or RAID 5 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.2 Configure Each Disk as RAID 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.3 Add RAID 10 Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.4 Clear Existing Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.5 Display Existing Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.6 Save Adapter Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.7 Restore Configuration Data from File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.8 Delete Virtual Drive(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.7.9 Display Free Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8 Virtual Drive Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8.1 Display Virtual Drive Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8.2 Display Virtual Drive Disk Cache Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8.3 Manage Virtual Drive Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8.4 Manage Consistency Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8.5 View Ongoing Background Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8.6 Display Virtual Drive and Physical Drive Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.8.7 Display Number of Virtual Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9 Drive Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.1 Display Drive Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.2 Set the Drive State to Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.3 Set the Drive State to Offline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.4 Change the Drive State to Unconfigured-Good . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.5 Manage a Drive Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.6 Manage Global Hot Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.7 Rebuild a Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.8 Locate Physical Disk Drive(s) and Activate LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.9 Replace Configured Disk Drives and Start Automatic Rebuild . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Table of Contents
5.9.10 Prepare Unconfigured Physical Drives for Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.11 Display Number of Physical Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.12 Display List of Physical Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.9.13 Download Firmware to the Physical Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10 Miscellaneous Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10.1 Display Version Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10.2 Display MegaCLI Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10.3 Display Help for the MegaCLI Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.10.4 Display Summary Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
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Chapter 1: Overview
Embedded RAID Software Features
Chapter 1: Overview
This document explains the features of the Embedded MegaRAID® Software. It includes instructions to use the
Avago® Software RAID configuration utility, the Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility, the MegaCLI
command line utility, and the Server View RAID Manager™ configuration utility.
You can use these utilities to create RAID storage configurations on drives controlled by the Embedded RAID. The
manual also includes instructions to install the Embedded RAID drivers in Microsoft® Windows® systems and Linux®
systems.
1.1
Embedded RAID Software Features
The Embedded RAID utility supports up to eight ports, which depends on the hardware platform. This support
provides a cost-effective way to achieve higher transfer rates and reliability.
The following sections list the features available for devices, RAID, error handling, drivers, BIOS, Ctrl+M configuration
utility, and RAID disk management.
1.1.1
Device Support
The Embedded RAID utility offers the following device support:
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1.1.2
Support for up to eight physical drives
Support for SATA 6Gb/s drives
Support for SAS 3Gb/s drives
Support for solid state drives (SSDs)
Support for 512e drives
Support for SATA CD/DVD-ROM1
Support for SATA tape devices1
Optical device (CD/DVD) hot plug feature used to connect optical devices while the operating system is running
Hot plug support (online drive insertion and removal)
Support for drive roaming
Support for disk coercion (None, 128 MB, and 1 GB)
Support SAS drives of maximum capacity available in the market
RAID Features
The Embedded RAID utility supports the following RAID features:
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Support for RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 52, and RAID 10 configurations
Support for up to eight virtual drives
Support for virtual drives larger than 2 TB
Stripe size of 64 KB only
Virtual drive availability immediately after creation
Support for the random deletion of virtual drives
1. AHCI-based chipsets only.
2. RAID 5 configuration is a premium feature.
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Chapter 1: Overview
Embedded RAID Software Features
Support for array cache setting (a RAID 10 volume is considered a single array, though it might have two, three, or
four spans)
Support for migration path from Embedded MegaRAID Software to MegaRAID SAS RAID controllers
Check consistency for RAID 1, RAID 5, and RAID 10
Drive group initialization support (fast and full)
Support for auto or manual rebuild
Ability to set the rates for the background initialization (BGI), consistency check, and patrol read operations
Automatic resumption of rebuilding, check consistency, full initialization, and BGI processes
Global hot spare support
Error Handling
The Embedded RAID utility supports the following error handling features:
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1.1.4
Soft bad block management (SBBM) support
Error/event logging and notification
Driver Features
The Embedded RAID driver supports the following features:
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1.1.5
Error logging and notification
Support for Microsoft Windows Server® 2003, Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Microsoft Windows Server 2008R2,
Microsoft Windows Vista®, and Microsoft Windows 7
Support for Red Hat® Linux
Support for SuSE® Linux for 2.4, 2.6, and 3.0 kernels
BIOS Features
The Embedded RAID BIOS has the following features:
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Support for Interrupt 13 and Enhanced Disk Drive Specification
Support for Int19h
Option ROM size of 64 KB
Support for BIOS boot specification (BBS) (If available in system BIOS, this feature lets you select the controller
from which to boot.)
Support for power-on self-test (POST)
Support for post memory management (PMM): Specification v7, July 2010
Industry-standard EBDA
POST and run-time BIOS support for device insertion and removal
Support for Stop On Error during boot-up
The following feature is supported by the BIOS and the Ctrl+M Configuration Utility:
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Automatic resumption of rebuilding, Check Consistency, and full initialization, and BGI (BGI is used in RAID 5
configurations only)
NOTE
The BIOS program and the BIOS Configuration Utility (Ctrl+M) do not
start or resume background initialization (BGI). If BGI is already in
progress, you cannot start the Check Consistency operation.
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1.1.6
Chapter 1: Overview
RAID Overview
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface Features
The Embedded RAID utility supports the following Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) features:
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UEFI integration with AMI core systems with basic functionality
Human Interface Infrastructure (HII) compatibility with AMI core system BIOS
Driver health protocol (DHP) implementation with AMI core system BIOS
RAID Management Utility Features
The following features are available to manage the virtual drives and the physical drives in the system:
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Configuration information display (in the Server View RAID Manager)
Physical drive properties and virtual drive properties
Drive group (array) management
Error logging and notification
Auto configuration support of newly added drives
Ability to save and restore a configuration
RAID Overview
This section provides a brief overview of the types of RAID configurations that the Embedded RAID utility supports.
The first step in creating a RAID storage configuration is to configure drives in drive groups (also known as arrays). As
defined for the Embedded RAID utility, a drive group is a group of one to eight physical disks that is seen by the host
computer system as one large disk drive, or virtual drive. Only one RAID level can be assigned to a drive group.
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A RAID 0 drive group consists of one to eight drives.
A RAID 1 drive group consists of two drives.
A RAID 5 drive group consists of three to eight drives.
A RAID 10 drive group consists of four, six, or eight drives.
NOTE
Some hardware configurations do not support eight drives.
Depending on the hardware, the actual maximum number of drives
for RAID 0, RAID 5 and RAID 10 drive groups can be fewer than eight.
You can use any of these three strategies when creating RAID drive groups and virtual drives:
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Maximize Fault Tolerance
You can maximize fault tolerance to protect against loss of data by creating a RAID 1 drive group with mirroring.
All data is written to the primary drive in the drive group and is also written (mirrored) to a second drive.
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Maximize Virtual Drive Performance
You can maximize virtual drive performance by creating a RAID 0 drive group with striping. Data is broken into
segments and can be simultaneously written to or read from several different stripes on several different drives in
the drive group.
RAID 10 drive groups combine both striping and mirroring to provide high data transfer rates and
data redundancy.
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Maximize Storage Capacity
You can maximize storage capacity when selecting a RAID level. Striping alone (RAID 0) requires less storage
space than mirrored data (RAID 1) or distributed parity (RAID 5). A RAID 5 drive group, which provides redundancy
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Chapter 1: Overview
RAID Overview
for one drive failure without duplicating the contents of entire drives, requires less space than a RAID 1 drive
group.
1.2.1
RAID 0 Configuration Description
A RAID 0 configuration provides disk striping across all drives in the drive group. The RAID 0 configuration does not
provide any data redundancy, but does offer the best performance of any RAID level. The RAID 0 configuration breaks
up data into smaller segments called strips, and then stripes the data segments across each drive in the drive group.
The size of each data segment is determined by the strip size, which is 64 KB.
NOTE
It is possible to create each disk as a single-drive RAID 0 drive group.
However, spanning across single drive RAID 0 drive groups is
not supported.
By breaking up a large file into smaller segments, and writing or reading from several drives at the same time, the
Embedded MegaRAID Software utility can read or write the file faster. This feature makes the RAID 0 configuration
ideal for applications that require high bandwidth but do not require fault tolerance.
Uses
Provides high data throughput, especially for large files; any environment that does not require fault tolerance.
Strong Points
Provides increased data throughput for large files; no capacity loss penalty for parity.
Weak Points
Does not provide fault tolerance; all data lost if any drive fails.
Drives
One to eight.
The following figure shows a RAID 0 drive group with two drives.
Figure 1 RAID 0 Drive Group Example with Two Drives
Segment 1
Segment 3
Segment 5
Segment 7
1.2.2
Segment 2
Segment 4
Segment 6
Segment 8
RAID 1 Configuration Description
The RAID 1 configuration duplicates all data from one drive to a second drive. The RAID 1 configuration provides
complete data redundancy, but at the cost of doubling the required data storage capacity.
Uses
Databases or any other mission critical environment that requires fault tolerance.
Strong Points
Provides complete data redundancy; RAID 1 is ideal for any application that requires fault tolerance.
Weak Points
Requires twice as many drives; performance is impaired during drive rebuilds.
Drives
Two.
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Chapter 1: Overview
RAID Overview
The following figure shows a RAID 1 drive group.
Figure 2 RAID 1 Drive Group
Segment 1
Segment 2
Segment 3
Segment 4
1.2.3
Segment 1 Duplicated
Segment 2 Duplicated
Segment 3 Duplicated
Segment 4 Duplicated
RAID 5 Configuration Description
The RAID 5 configuration includes parity and disk striping at the block level. Parity is the data’s property of being odd
or even, and parity checking is used to detect errors in the data. In a RAID 5 configuration, the parity information is
distributed to all drives. The RAID 5 configuration is best suited for networks that perform a lot of small input/output
(I/O) transactions simultaneously.
NOTE
The RAID 5 configuration is a premium feature. You might need to
install a software key to enable a RAID 5 configuration. The key you
need depends on your supplier. Contact your supplier for more
information.
The RAID 5 configuration addresses the bottleneck issue for random I/O operations. Because each drive contains both
data and parity, numerous write operations can take place concurrently.
Uses
Provides high data throughput. Use the RAID 5 configuration for transaction processing applications because
each drive can perform read and write operations independently. If a drive fails, the RAID controller uses the
parity drive to recreate all missing information. Use also for office automation and online customer service that
requires fault tolerance. Use for any application that has high read request rates but low write request rates.
Strong Points
Provides data redundancy, high read rates, and good performance in most environments. Provides redundancy
with lowest loss of capacity.
Weak Points
Not well suited to tasks that require a lot of small write operations. Drive performance will be reduced if a drive
is being rebuilt or a background initialization is in progress. Environments with few processes do not perform as
well because the RAID overhead is not offset by the performance gains in handling simultaneous processes.
Drives
Three to eight.
The following figure shows a RAID 5 drive group with six drives.
Figure 3 RAID 5 Drive Group
Segment 1
Segment 7
Segment 2
Segment 8
Segment 3
Segment 9
Segment 4
Segment 10
Segment 5
Parity (6-10)
Segment 13
Segment 19
Segment 25
Segment 14
Segment 20
Parity (21-25)
Segment 26
Segment 15
Segment 11
Parity (16-20)
Segment 21
Parity (11–15)
Segment 16
Segment 22
Parity (1-5)
Segment 6
Segment 12
Segment 17
Segment 23
Segment 18
Segment 24
Segment 27
Segment 28
Segment 29
Segment 30
Parity (26–30)
Note: Parity is distributed across all drives in the drive group.
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1.2.4
Chapter 1: Overview
RAID Overview
RAID 10 Configuration Description
The RAID 10 configuration, a combination of RAID 1 and RAID 0 drive groups, has mirrored drives. It breaks up data
into smaller blocks, and then stripes the blocks of data to each RAID 1 RAID set. Each RAID 1 RAID set then duplicates
its data to its other drive. The size of each block is determined by the strip size parameter, which is 64 KB. A RAID 10
drive group can sustain one drive failure in each drive group and maintain data integrity.
NOTE
On a RAID 10 drive group, you can create only one virtual drive, and
that virtual drive must occupy the entire space of the RAID 10
drive group.
Uses
Works best for data storage that must provide 100 percent redundancy of a RAID 1 configuration (mirrored
drive groups) and that also requires the enhanced I/O performance of a RAID 0 configuration (striped drive
groups). The RAID 10 configuration works well for medium-sized databases or any environment that requires a
higher degree of fault tolerance and moderate to medium capacity.
Strong Points
Provides both high data transfer rates and complete data redundancy.
Weak Points
Requires twice as many drives.
Drives
Four, six, or eight.
The following figure shows a RAID 10 drive group with four drives.
Figure 4 RAID 10 Drive Group
RAID 1
RAID 1
Disk 1
Segment 1
Segment 3
Segment 5
Disk 3
Disk 2
Segment 1
Segment 3
Segment 5
Segment 2
Segment 4
Segment 6
Disk 4
Segment 2
Segment 4
Segment 6
RAID 0
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Chapter 2: Driver Installation
Windows 2003 Driver Installation
Chapter 2: Driver Installation
This chapter explains how to install the Embedded MegaRAID Software drivers for the following operating systems:






2.1
Microsoft Windows Server 2003, 2008, and 2008R2
Microsoft Windows 7 Workstation
Microsoft Windows Vista Workstation
Microsoft Windows Blue Workstation
Red Hat Enterprise Linux® (RHEL) 5 and 6
SuSE Linux Enterprise (SLES) 10 and 11
Windows 2003 Driver Installation
Perform the following steps to install the MegaRAID device driver in a new Windows 2003 operating system. The
Windows 2003 operating system automatically adds the driver to the registry and copies the driver to the
appropriate directory.
1.
Start the Windows 2003 installation by booting from the appropriate Windows CD-ROM.
The system BIOS must support booting from a CD-ROM. BIOS settings might require changes to allow CD-ROM
booting. Refer to your system documentation.
2.
Press F6 when the following message appears at the bottom of the screen, unless you are installing Windows
Vista:
Press F6 if you need...
NOTE
3.
For the system to recognize the new driver for a Windows Server 2003,
you must press F6. If you are installing Windows Vista, you do not need
to press F6. For Windows Vista, after the first installation screen, an
option appears to let you load the driver from either a floppy diskette
or a USB key. Otherwise, it will load the default driver from the DVD.
Select S to specify an additional device when the following message appears:
Setup could not determine the type of one or more mass storage devices...
The system prompts you for the manufacturer-supplied hardware support disk.
NOTE
If this message does not appear after you press F6, the setup program
did not recognize the F6 command. Reboot the system, and return to
step 2.
4.
Insert the driver diskette that contains the Windows device driver and press Enter.
5.
Select the appropriate MegaRAID adapter from the menu by using the arrow key to highlight it, and press Enter to
proceed.
6.
Press Enter again to proceed.
7.
Return to the Windows Setup screen.
Windows displays a Welcome to Setup window.
8.
Press Enter to continue.
9.
Press C to continue the Microsoft Windows installation procedure.
10. Follow the Windows installation procedure.
11. Repeat this process for all the adapters on your system.
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2.1.1
Chapter 2: Driver Installation
Windows 2003 Driver Installation
Windows 7, Windows 2008, and Windows Vista Driver Installation
Perform the following steps to install the MegaRAID device driver in a new Windows 7, Windows 2008, or Windows
Vista operating system.
The Windows 2003 operating system automatically adds the driver to the registry and copies the driver to the
appropriate directory.
1.
Start the Windows 7, Windows 2008, or Windows Vista installation by booting from the appropriate Windows
DVD.
The system BIOS must support booting from a DVD. The BIOS settings might require changes to allow DVD
booting. Refer to your system documentation.
Windows loads the file and the first installation screen appears.
2.
Select your language and other settings based on your location and preference.
3.
Click Next.
The Windows Install screen appears.
4.
Press Install Now to start the installation wizard.
The Software License screen appears.
5.
Click the check box to accept the software license and click Next.
The next installation screen appears.
6.
Select the type of installation you want.
7.
Follow the prompts to select the location where you want to install Windows and click Next.
The program begins installing the files. Your system will restart several times during the installation process.
2.1.2
Updating the Windows Driver
Perform the following steps to update the Embedded RAID driver for Windows or to install this driver on an existing
system booted from a standard IDE drive.
1.
Click Start, point to Settings, and click Control Panel.
2.
Double-click System, click the Hardware tab, and click Device Manager.
The Device Manager starts.
2.1.3
3.
In the Device Manager screen, double-click SCSI and RAID Controllers, right-click the device for which you are
installing the driver, and click Properties.
4.
On the Driver tab, click Update Driver to open the Update Device Driver wizard, and follow the wizard
instructions to update the driver.
Confirming the Windows Driver Installation
Perform the following steps to confirm that the Embedded RAID driver for Windows is installed correctly.
1.
Click Start, point to Settings, and click Control Panel.
2.
Double-click System, click the Hardware tab, and click Device Manager.
The Device Manager starts.
3.
In the Device Manager screen, double-click SCSI and RAID Controllers, right-click the device for which you are
installing the driver, and click Properties.
4.
On the Driver tab, click Driver Details and verify that the driver information is correct.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Performing a Quick Configuration
Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Use the configuration utility (CU) to configure disk drive groups and virtual drives, and to perform other configuration
tasks in a pre-boot environment.
You can perform the following functions using the Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility:










Select a configuration method for drive groups and virtual drives
Create drive groups
Define virtual drives
Initialize virtual drives
Access controllers, virtual drives, and drive groups to view their properties
Create hot spare drives
Verify that the redundancy data in virtual drives using RAID level 1, RAID level 5, and RAID level 10 is correct
Rebuild failed drives
Reconstruct virtual drives after changing RAID levels or adding a drive to a drive group
Select a MegaRAID host adapter
NOTE
3.1
If the configuration utility does not display, go into the BIOS setup and
disable Quick boot, Fast boot, Silent boot, Intel® Rapid boot, and Quick
POST, then reboot. If still unable to access the configuration utility,
check for a system BIOS upgrade.
Performing a Quick Configuration
This section provides high-level instructions to quickly configure drive groups and virtual drives with the
Embedded RAID utility. These instructions are intended for users that are familiar with configuration utilities and tools.
See Section 3.4, Configuring Drive Groups and Virtual Drives, on page 17, for detailed configuration instructions. To
ensure the best performance, select the optimal RAID level for the virtual drive you create. For an explanation of RAID
levels, see Section 1.2, RAID Overview, on page 8.
Perform the following steps to configure drive groups and virtual drives using the Embedded RAID utility:
1.
Boot the system.
2.
Press Ctrl+M to start the Avago Software RAID CU.
3.
Select Configure on the Management Menu screen.
4.
Select a configuration method from the Configuration menu (Easy Configuration, New Configuration, or
View/Add Configuration).
5.
Create drive groups using the available drives.
6.
Designate hot spare disks (optional).
7.
Define the virtual drive(s) using the space in the drive groups.
8.
Initialize the new virtual drives.
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3.2
Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Management Menu
Management Menu
The Management Menu screen appears when you start the Embedded RAID utility.
Figure 5 Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility Management Menu Screen
NOTE
3.3
The minimum screen resolution for the Embedded RAID GUI is
640 × 480.
Configuration Menu
Use the Configuration Menu screen to configure drive groups and virtual drives. This section describes the
configuration options.
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3.3.1
Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Configuration Menu
Configuration Menu Options
The Configuration Menu screen provides four methods to modify and/or create a virtual drive configuration: Easy
Configuration, New Configuration, View/Add Configuration, and Clear Configuration, as shown in the following
figure.
Figure 6 Avago Software RAID Configuration Menu
The following table describes these methods. The Configuration Menu has an Advance submenu that lets you set
specific options. The available options depend upon the configuration method you use.
Table 1 Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility – Configuration Menu
Option
Description
Easy Configuration
The Easy Configuration option automatically associates every drive group with one virtual drive. Through the
Advance Menu, the Easy Configuration option lets you modify the RAID level and stripe size.
Section 3.5.2, Using the Easy Configuration Option, on page 18, provides detailed instructions.
New Configuration
The New Configuration option lets you modify the RAID level, stripe size, virtual drive size, and disk spanning
(associating virtual drives with multiple drive groups). If you select the New Configuration option, the CU deletes
the existing configuration information on the selected controller when saving the new configuration.
Section 3.5.3, Using the New Configuration Option, on page 21, provides detailed instructions.
View/Add Configuration
The View/Add Configuration option lets you control the same virtual drive parameters as the New Configuration
option without disturbing the existing configuration information. The View/Add Configuration option also lets you
enable the Configuration on Disk feature.
Section 3.5.4, Using the View/Add Configuration Option, on page 25, provides detailed instructions.
Clear Configuration
The Clear Configuration option erases the current configuration information.
Section 3.6, Clearing a Storage Configuration, on page 29, provides detailed instructions.
Specify Boot Drive
The Specify Boot Drive option lets you specify a virtual drive as the boot drive on the controller, if you have created
virtual drives.
Section 3.7, Configuring a Bootable Virtual Drive, on page 29, provides detailed instructions.
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3.4
Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Configuring Drive Groups and Virtual Drives
Configuring Drive Groups and Virtual Drives
The following sections provide detailed instructions for configuring drive groups and virtual drives with the
Embedded RAID utility.
NOTE
Use drives with the same capacity when you create a storage
configuration. If you use drives with different capacities in one drive
group, the CU limits each drive to the capacity of the smallest drive.
The number of physical drives in a specific drive group determines the possible RAID levels that you can implement
with the drive group.




3.5
RAID level 0 requires from one to eight physical drives.
RAID level 1 requires two physical drives.
RAID level 5 requires three to eight physical drives.
RAID level 10 requires four, six, or eight physical drives.
Creating a Storage Configuration
This section explains how to use the Embedded RAID utility to configure RAID drive groups and virtual drives to create
storage configurations.
3.5.1
Selecting the Configuration Method
The Easy Configuration option automatically associates each drive group with one virtual drive. Follow these steps to
open the Configuration Menu screen, and select a configuration method:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, highlight Configure with your cursor, and press Enter.
The Configuration Menu screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 7 Configuration Menu Screen
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Select a configuration option.
—
Easy Configuration
Automatically associates every drive group with one virtual drive.
—
New Configuration
Clears the existing configuration and lets you create a new configuration.
—
View/Add Configuration
Retains the existing storage configuration and adds new drives to it (this method does not cause any data
loss).
—
Clear Configuration
Clears the existing configuration.
CAUTION
3.
If you choose to clear the existing configuration or to create a new
configuration, the system deletes all the existing data in the
configuration. Make a backup of any data that you want to keep before
you choose an option.
Press Enter.
The configuration screen appears for the configuration option that you selected.
A dialog box warns that you will lose data if you select Clear Configuration or New Configuration.
The following sections describe the configuration steps for each configuration method.
3.5.2
Using the Easy Configuration Option
Follow these instructions to create a configuration with the Easy Configuration option, with or without redundancy:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, highlight Configure with your cursor, and press Enter.
The Configuration Menu screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 8 Configuration Menu Screen
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Use your cursor to highlight Easy Configuration and press Enter.
The following screen appears.
Figure 9 Easy Configuration – Array Selection Menu
3.
Press the space bar to select a drive and add it to the drive group.
4.
Repeat step 3 to add additional drives to the drive group.
5.
Press F10 to continue configuration.
The Select Configurable Array(s) dialog box appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 10 Drive Group Selection
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Creating a Storage Configuration
6.
Press the space bar to select the drive group.
7.
Press F10 to continue configuration.
The Virtual Drive(s) Configured dialog box appears, as shown in the following screen. This screen shows the
virtual drive number, RAID level, drive group size, number of stripes, stripe size, and drive status.
Figure 11 Virtual Drive Parameters Dialog Box
8.
Change the virtual drive options from the defaults listed on the screen as needed.
Use the cursor keys to navigate between the virtual drive parameters and press Enter to select an option.
Here are brief explanations of the virtual drive options:
—
RAID Level
The drop-down menu lists the possible RAID levels for the virtual drive. In some cases, only one RAID level is
available, depending on the number of drives in the drive group.
—
Size
This setting specifies the capacity of the virtual drive.
—
Disk Write Cache Policy
When the disk Write Cache is On, a write transaction is considered to be complete when all the data has been
written to the disk cache. When disk Write Cache is Off, the write transaction is complete only when the data
has been written to the disk.
—
Read Ahead Policy
When disk Read Ahead is On, extra data is read sequentially ahead of the data that is actually requested, and
this extra data is stored in cache memory. If the additional read-ahead data is then requested, it can be read
faster from the cache than from the disk directly. This setting speeds up reads for sequential data, but there is
little improvement when accessing random data.
—
Accept
Select this option to accept the virtual drive parameters.
—
SPAN
Choose whether to span drive groups. This setting is available only for RAID 10 drive groups.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Highlight Accept and press Enter after you select your virtual drive parameters.
The virtual drive configuration appears, as shown in the following screen.
Figure 12 Virtual Drive Configuration Parameters
10. Press any key to continue.
11. Click Yes at the prompt to save the configuration.
The Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility begins a background initialization of the virtual drives.
NOTE
3.5.3
New RAID 5 virtual drives require a minimum number of drives for a
background initialization to start. If fewer drives than the minimum
exist, the background initialization will not start.
Using the New Configuration Option
If you select the New Configuration option, the CU deletes the existing configuration information on the selected
controller when it saves the new configuration.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Follow these instructions to create a configuration with the Easy Configuration option, with or without redundancy:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, highlight Configure with your cursor, and press Enter.
The Configuration Menu screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 13 Configuration Menu Screen
2.
Highlight New Configuration with your cursor, and press Enter.
The following screen appears. This screen displays the drives.
Figure 14 New Configuration – Array Selection Menu
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
3.
Press the space bar to select a drive and add it to the drive group.
4.
Repeat step 3 to add additional drives to the drive group.
5.
Press F10 to continue the configuration.
The Select Configurable Array(s) dialog box appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 15 Drive Group Selection
6.
Press the space bar to select the drive group.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Press F10 to continue the configuration.
The Virtual Drive(s) Configured dialog box appears, as shown in the following screen. This screen shows the
virtual drive number, RAID level, drive group size, number of stripes, stripe size, and drive status.
Figure 16 Virtual Drive(s) Configured Dialog Box
8.
Change the virtual drive options from the defaults listed on the screen as needed. Use the cursor keys to navigate
between the virtual drive parameters and press Enter to select an option.
Here are brief explanations of the virtual drive options:
—
RAID Level
The drop-down menu lists the possible RAID levels for the virtual drive. In some cases, only one RAID level is
available, which depends on the number of drives in the drive group.
—
Size
This setting specifies the capacity of the virtual drive.
—
Disk Write Cache Policy
You can disable the write cache option when you create a virtual drive, but you can enable this option later
using the configuration utilities. When the disk Write Cache is On, a write transaction is considered to be
complete when all the data has been written to the disk cache. When disk Write Cache is Off, the write
transaction is complete only when the data has been written to the disk.
—
Read Ahead Policy
When disk Read Ahead is On, extra data is read sequentially ahead of the data that is actually requested, and
this extra data is stored in cache memory. If the additional read-ahead data is then requested, it can be read
faster from the cache than from the disk directly. This setting speeds up reads for sequential data, but there is
little improvement when accessing random data.
—
Accept
Select this option to accept the virtual drive parameters.
—
SPAN
Choose whether to span drive groups. This setting is available only for RAID 10 drive groups.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Highlight Accept with your cursor, and press Enter after you select your virtual drive parameters.
The virtual drive configuration appears, as shown in the following screen.
Figure 17 Virtual Drive Configuration Parameters
10. Press any key to continue.
11. Click Yes at the prompt to save the configuration.
The Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility begins a background initialization of the virtual drives.
New RAID 5 virtual drives require a minimum number of drives for a background initialization to start. If fewer
drives exist than the minimum, the background initialization will not start.
3.5.4
Using the View/Add Configuration Option
The View/Add Configuration option allows you to control the same virtual drive parameters as the New Configuration
option without disturbing the existing configuration information.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Follow these instructions to create a configuration with the Easy Configuration option, with or without redundancy:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, highlight Configure with your cursor, and press Enter.
The Configuration Menu screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 18 Configuration Menu Screen
2.
Highlight View/Add Configuration with your cursor, and press Enter.
The following screen appears.
Figure 19 View/Add Configuration – Array Selection Menu
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
3.
Press the space bar to select a drive and add it to the drive group.
4.
Repeat step 3 to add additional drives to the drive group.
5.
Press F10 to continue the configuration.
The Select Configurable Array(s) dialog box appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 20 Select Configurable Arrays Dialog Box
6.
Press the space bar to select the drive group.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Creating a Storage Configuration
Press F10 to continue the configuration.
The Virtual Drive(s) Configured dialog box appears, as shown in the following screen. This screen shows the
virtual drive number, RAID level, drive group size, number of stripes, stripe size and drive status.
Figure 21 Virtual Drive Parameters Dialog Box
8.
Change the virtual drive options from the defaults listed on the screen as needed. Use the cursor keys to navigate
between the virtual drive parameters and press Enter to select an option.
Here are brief explanations of the virtual drive options:
—
RAID Level
The drop-down menu lists the possible RAID levels for the virtual drive. In some cases, only one RAID level is
available, which depends on the number of drives in the drive group.
—
Size
This setting specifies the capacity of the virtual drive.
—
Disk Write Cache Policy
You can disable the write cache option when you create a virtual drive, but you can enable this option later
using the configuration utilities. When the disk Write Cache is On, a write transaction is considered to be
complete when all the data has been written to the disk cache. When disk Write Cache is Off, the write
transaction is complete only when the data has been written to the disk.
—
Read Ahead Policy
When disk Read Ahead is On, extra data is read sequentially ahead of the data that is actually requested, and
this extra data is stored in cache memory. If the additional read-ahead data is then requested, it can be read
faster from the cache than from the disk directly. This setting speeds up reads for sequential data, but there is
little improvement when accessing random data.
—
Accept
Select this option to accept the virtual drive parameters.
—
SPAN
Choose whether to span drive groups. This setting is available only for RAID 10 drive groups.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Clearing a Storage Configuration
Highlight Accept with your cursor, and press Enter.
The virtual drive configuration appears.
10. Press any key to continue.
11. Click Yes at the prompt to save the configuration.
The Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility begins a background initialization of the virtual drives.
New RAID 5 virtual drives require a minimum number of drives for a background initialization to start. If fewer
drives exist than the minimum required, the background initialization will not start.
3.6
Clearing a Storage Configuration
CAUTION
Before you clear a storage configuration, be sure to back up all the data
you want to keep.
To clear a storage configuration, follow these steps:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, select Configure > Clear Configuration.
The following screen appears.
Figure 22 Clear Configuration Option
2.
At the prompt, select Yes to confirm and press Enter.
The virtual drive is deleted from the configuration.
3.7
Configuring a Bootable Virtual Drive
The default boot virtual drive is LD 0. If you change the boot drive to another virtual drive, the BIOS and the CU
preserve this change. However, if you delete the new boot virtual drive, you must be sure to configure another virtual
drive for booting. The CU does not automatically select a different boot virtual drive.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Initializing Virtual Drives
Follow these steps to configure a bootable virtual drive:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, select Configure > Select Boot Drive.
The following screen appears.
Figure 23 Select Boot Drive Option
2.
Select a virtual drive from the list to be the designated boot drive.
The virtual drive is configured to be the boot drive.
3.8
Initializing Virtual Drives
This section explains the two methods used to initialize a virtual drive with the Server View RAID Manager.
If the Fast Init property is enabled, fast initialization is used. In fast initialization, the Embedded RAID utility quickly
writes zeroes to the first and last 8-MB regions of the new virtual drive.
If the Fast Init property is not enabled, the utility performs a complete initialization on the virtual drive. This process
can take a long time if the physical disk drives are large.
CAUTION
3.8.1
When you initialize a virtual drive, all the existing data on the virtual
drive is erased.
First Initialization Method
Follow these steps to initialize a virtual drive using the Initialize menu.
1.
On the Management Menu screen, highlight Initialize with the cursor, and press Enter.
The list of virtual drives appears.
2.
Use the cursor to highlight the virtual drive you want to initialize (if more than one virtual drive exists).
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Initializing Virtual Drives
Press Enter.
The following screen appears.
Figure 24 Initializing a Virtual Drive – First Method
4.
Press F10.
5.
Select Yes at the prompt and press Enter to begin the initialization.
A graph shows the progress of the initialization until it is complete.
6.
After the initialization is complete, press Esc to return to previous menus.
If you press Esc while initialization is in progress, the following options appear:
—
Stop
(Available only if Auto Resume is enabled on the controller: Management Menu > Objects > Adapter >
AutoResume.)
The initialization is stopped, and the CU stores the percentage of the initialization already completed.
If Auto Resume is enabled, and if Fast Init is not enabled, the initialization resumes where it left off when you
restart it, instead of starting over from 0 percent.
—
Continue
The initialization continues normally.
—
Abort
The initialization is completely aborted. If you restart initialization, it begins at 0 percent.
3.8.2
Second Initialization Method
Follow these steps to initialize a virtual drive using the Objects menu.
1.
On the Management Menu screen, select Objects > Virtual Drive.
A list of configured virtual drives appears.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Rebuilding a Drive
Use the cursor to highlight the virtual drive you want to initialize (if more than one virtual drive exists), and
press Enter.
The following screen appears.
Figure 25 Initializing a Virtual Drive – Second Method
3.
Highlight Initialize with your cursor on the virtual drive submenu, and press Enter.
4.
Select Yes at the prompt, and press Enter.
The utility displays a bar graph showing the initialization progress.
5.
When initialization completes, press Esc to return to the previous menu.
If you press Esc while initialization is in progress, the Stop, Continue, and Abort options are available, as
explained in Section 3.8.1, First Initialization Method, on page 30.
3.9
Rebuilding a Drive
The Embedded RAID lets you rebuild a drive of a redundant drive group if the drive group has a failed drive. If the
failed drive is still good (that is, if the drive is physically present and its capacity is greater than or equal to the defined
capacity of the drive group), it will be rebuilt. If the drive is too small, an error message appears and the CU does not
allow the drive to be rebuilt.
NOTE
You cannot rebuild a failed drive if the drives capacity is even 1 byte
smaller than the defined capacity of the drive group.
Follow these steps to rebuild a drive:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, highlight Rebuild and press Enter.
2.
When the list of drives appears, highlight the failed (FAIL) drive that you want to rebuild and press the spacebar to
select it.
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Creating a Global Hot Spare Drive
After you select the drive, press F10 to start the rebuild, and then select Yes at the confirmation prompt.
The rebuild process begins, and a graph shows the progress of the rebuild until it is complete. Although the CU
changes the disk drive state to Rebuild at this point, the change does not appear on the screen while the rebuild
operation is in progress.
If the CU detects a media error on the source drive during the rebuild operation, it initiates a sector read for that
block. If the sector read fails, the CU adds entries to the SBBM table, writes this table to the target drive, and
displays an error message.
Additional error messages appear if the SBBM table is 80 percent full or 100 percent full. If the SBBM table is
completely full, the rebuild operation is aborted, and the drive is marked as FAIL.
4.
When the rebuild is complete, the CU displays the message that the rebuild is successful.
5.
Press Esc to display the Management Menu screen.
The state of the rebuilt disk drive changes from FAIL to ONLIN.
If you press Esc while the rebuild is running, the following options display:
—
Stop
Available only if the AutoResume property is enabled on the adapter: Management Menu > Objects >
Adapter > AutoResume.
The rebuild is stopped, and the CU stores the percentage of the rebuild already completed. If the AutoResume
property is enabled, the rebuild resumes where it left off when you restart it, instead of starting over from
0 percent.
—
Continue
The rebuild continues normally.
—
Abort
The rebuild is completely aborted and the disk drive remains in the FAIL state. If you restart the rebuild, it
begins at 0 percent.
3.10
Creating a Global Hot Spare Drive
The Embedded RAID lets you create global hot spare drives to protect against data loss. A hot spare is an unused drive
that you can use to rebuild the data from a failed drive and re-establish redundancy, in case of a disk failure in a
redundant RAID drive group (RAID 1, RAID 5, or RAID 10).
NOTE
Dedicated hot spare drives are not supported by the Embedded RAID
utility.
NOTE
When you select a drive to change into a global hot spare, be sure it is
the same type of drive as the drives in the drive group that it
will protect.
You can create a hot spare when you configure a new storage configuration, as described in the previous sections. To
add a hot spare drive to an existing redundant storage configuration, follow these steps:
1.
On the Management menu, select Configure > View/Add Configuration.
2.
Select Physical Drive.
A list of physical drives appears.
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Checking Data Consistency
Highlight an unconfigured drive or a Ready drive with your cursor, and press Enter.
The following screen appears.
Figure 26 View/Add Configuration – Array Selection Menu
4.
In the HotSpare dialog box, select Yes and press Enter.
5.
Select Yes from the pop-up menu to create the hot spare drive.
This procedure creates a hot spare for the drive group.
3.11
Checking Data Consistency
The Check Consistency feature verifies the consistency of the data on the physical drives that are part of RAID 1,
RAID 5, or RAID 10 virtual drives. The Embedded RAID utility automatically corrects any differences found in the data
when a consistency check is run.
Follow these steps to check consistency:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, highlight Check Consistency with your cursor, and press Enter.
A list of configured virtual drives appears.
2.
Use the cursor to highlight a virtual drive (if there is more than one virtual drive).
3.
Press the spacebar to select the virtual drive.
NOTE
4.
If you select a RAID 0 virtual drive, a message appears stating that a
Check Consistency cannot be performed. To continue, deselect the
virtual drive, highlight a redundant virtual drive, and press the
spacebar again.
Press F10.
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Displaying and Changing Controller Properties
At the prompt, select Yes to start the Check Consistency operation, and press Enter.
A graph shows the progress of the Check Consistency operation until it is complete.
If the Embedded RAID utility finds any data inconsistencies while comparing the source drive and the target drive,
the utility fixes the inconsistency by writing the source data to the target drive. When this happens, a message
notifies you that inconsistent data exists on the drives and that the repair has been performed.
If you press Y, the program skips the bad block and continues. If you press N, the program aborts the consistency
check. The same message appears if the program finds a hard media error on the target drive.
If you press Esc while the Check Consistency operation is running, the following options appear:
—
Stop
Available only if the AutoResume property is enabled on the adapter: Management Menu > Objects >
Adapter > AutoResume
The Check Consistency operation is stopped, and the CU stores the percentage of the task already
completed. If the AutoResume property is enabled, the Check Consistency operation resumes where it left off
when you restart it, instead of starting over from 0 percent.
—
Continue
The Check Consistency operation continues normally.
—
Abort
The Check Consistency operation is completely aborted. If you restart it, it begins at 0 percent.
3.12
Displaying and Changing Controller Properties
This section explains how you can use the Embedded RAID utility to display and change the properties for the
controllers.
3.12.1
Displaying and Changing Controller Properties
Follow these steps to display the properties of a controller.
1.
On the Management Menu screen, select Objects > Adapter.
The list of controllers appear in a dialog box.
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Displaying and Changing Controller Properties
Highlight a controller with your cursor, and press Enter.
The following screen appears.
Figure 27 Controller Properties Screen
The following table describes the entries/options listed on the controller properties screen. Avago recommends that
you leave these options at their default settings to achieve the best performance, unless you have a specific reason for
changing them.
Table 2 Controller Properties and Values
Property
Options
Default
Rebuild Rate
0 to 100 (percentage of system resources)
Use this option to select the rebuild rate for drives connected to the selected
controller. The rebuild rate is the percentage of system resources dedicated to
rebuilding a failed drive. The higher the number, the more system resources
devoted to a rebuild.
30
Chk Const Rate
0 to 100 (percentage of system resources)
Use this option to select the amount of system resources dedicated to
consistency checks of virtual drives connected to the selected controller.
30
FGI Rate (Foreground
Initialization Rate)
0 to 100 (percentage of system resources)
Use this option to select the amount of system resources dedicated to
foreground initialization of virtual drives connected to the selected controller.
30
BGI Rate (Background
Initialization Rate)
0 to 100 (percentage of system resources)
Use this option to select the amount of system resources dedicated to
background initialization of virtual drives connected to the selected controller.
30
Disk WC (Disk Write Cache)
Off, On
You can disable the Disk Write Cache option when you create a virtual drive, but
you can enable this option later using the configuration utilities. When the disk
Write Cache is On, a write transaction is considered to be complete when all the
data has been written to the disk cache. When disk Write Cache is Off, the write
transaction is complete only when the data has been written to the disk.
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Enabled)
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Displaying and Changing Controller Properties
Table 2 Controller Properties and Values (Continued)
Property
Options
Default
Read Ahead (RA)
On, Off
When Disk Read Ahead is On, extra data is read sequentially ahead of the data
that is actually requested, and this extra data is stored in cache memory. If the
additional read-ahead data is then requested, it can be read faster from the cache
than from the disk directly. This setting speeds up reads for sequential data, but
there is little improvement when accessing random data.
BIOS State
Enable, Disable
Use this option to enable or disable the BIOS for the selected controller. If the
boot device is on the selected controller, the BIOS must be enabled; otherwise,
the BIOS should be disabled or it might not be possible to use a boot device
elsewhere.
Enable
Cont On Error
No, Yes
Enable this option if you want the boot process to continue when the controller
BIOS encounters an error during boot-up.
Yes
Fast Init
Enable, Disable
A fast initialization quickly writes 0s to the first and last 10-MB regions of the new
virtual drive and then completes the initialization in the background. It is seldom
necessary to use this option, because the virtual drive was already initialized
when you created it.
Enable
Auto Rebuild
On, Off
Auto-rebuild allows a failed drive to be replaced and the data automatically
rebuilt by hot-swapping the drive in the same drive bay. The RAID drive group
continues to handle requests while the rebuild occurs.
On
Auto Resume
Enable, Disable
When enabled, you can stop a consistency check, rebuild, or initialization, and
resume it later where it left off, instead of aborting it and starting over.
Enable
Disk Coercion
None, 128MB, 1GB
Drive coercion is a tool to force drives of varying capacities to be the same
NOTE The Disk Coercion
property can be accessed only capacity so they can be used in a drive group. The coercion mode options are
None, 128MB-way, and 1GB-way.
when no configuration is present
for the controller. Otherwise, an The number you choose depends on how much the drives from various vendors
vary in their actual size.
error message appears.
1GB
Factory Default
N/A
Returns the settings to the factory default settings.
3.
To change the value of a controller property, use the cursor to highlight the property, and press Enter.
4.
Select or type a different value for the property, and press Enter.
When you are finished, press Esc until you return to the Management Menu screen.
3.12.2
On
Displaying and Changing Drive Properties
The Embedded RAID displays properties, policies, and operations for virtual drives.
Follow these steps to display the virtual drive information.
1.
On the Management Menu screen, select Objects > Adapter.
2.
Highlight a controller with your cursor, and press Enter.
The list of controllers appear in a dialog box.
The Physical Drive Selection Menu screen appears.
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Displaying and Changing Controller Properties
Highlight a drive with your cursor, and press Enter.
The following screen appears. This screen lists the actions you can perform.
Figure 28 Virtual Drive Parameters Screen
4.
Select the action you want to perform and press Enter.
The options are:
—
Make Hot Spare
Only a drive in Ready state can be changed to a hot spare.
—
Force Online
Only a drive in Failed state can be forced online.
—
Change Drv State
Change an online (Onlin) drive to Failed state or a hot spare to Ready state.
—
Drive Properties
Display the device type, capacity, manufacturer name and model, and revision number.
3.12.3
Viewing or Changing Virtual Drive Properties
You can disable the write cache option when you create a virtual drive, but you can enable this option later using the
configuration utilities. When the Disk Write Cache is On, a write transaction is considered to be complete when all the
data has been written to the disk cache. When Disk Write Cache is Off, the write transaction is complete only when the
data has been written to the disk.
When Disk Read Ahead is On, extra data is read sequentially ahead of the data that is actually requested, and this extra
data is stored in a cache. If the additional read-ahead data is then requested, it can be read faster from the cache than
from the disk directly.
NOTE
When the Disk Write Cache is On, a danger that data could be lost
exists if the power fails before the cached data is written to disk.
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Chapter 3: Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
Forcing Drives Online or Offline
Follow these steps to view the Disk Write Cache or Read Ahead settings, or enable the Disk Write Cache setting:
1.
On the Management Menu screen, select Objects > Virtual Drive.
The list of virtual drives appears.
2.
Highlight a virtual drive with your cursor, and press Enter.
The list of virtual drive parameters appears.
3.
Highlight Disk WC with your cursor, and press Enter.
The On/Off dialog box opens.
4.
Change the setting to On to enable the Disk Write Cache setting.
The Disk Write Cache option in enabled.
3.13
Forcing Drives Online or Offline
To force a drive online or offline, follow these steps:
1.
On the Management Menu, select Objects > Physical Drive.
2.
Highlight a physical drive that is a member of an drive group, and press Enter.
3.
Select Force Offline or Force Online from the menu.
If the drive was online, it’s status changes to FAIL.
— If the drive was offline, it’s status changes to ONLINE.
—
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Controllers
Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
The Human Interface Infrastructure (HII) CU is used to configure controllers, drive groups, and virtual drives, and to
perform other configuration tasks in a pre-boot environment.
The HII Configuration Utility supports the hot plug feature. You can add and remove devices to a computer while the
computer is running and the operating software automatically recognizes the change.
This chapter describes how to configure controllers, drive groups, and virtual drives with the HII Configuration Utility.
To ensure the best performance, select the optimal RAID level for the virtual drive you create. For an explanation of
RAID levels, see Section 1.2, RAID Overview, on page 8.
4.1
Managing Controllers
This section explains how you can use the HII configuration utility to view and change the properties for controllers,
and clear a configuration.
4.1.1
Viewing Controller Properties
The HII configuration utility displays information for SATA and secondary SATA (sSATA) controllers.
Perform the following steps to view the controller properties.
1.
Choose the Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility for SATA or sSATA controllers from the Advanced tab in
the Setup Utility and press Enter.
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NOTE
Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Controllers
If the Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility is not visible under
the Advanced tab, then refer to the OEM User Guide.
Figure 29 Select Avago Software RAID Configuration Utility
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Managing Controllers
Highlight Controller Management on the Configuration Options screen and press Enter.
Figure 30 RAID Configuration Options Screen
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Managing Controllers
The Controller Management screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 31 Controller Management Screen
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Highlight View Controller Information and press Enter.
The Controller Management > View Controller Information screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 32 Controller Management – View Controller Information Screen
The information on this screen is read-only. This screen presents basic information, such as the number of virtual
drives that are defined on this controller and the number of drives connected to the controller.
The following table defines the controller properties.
Table 3 Controller Properties
Property
Description
Controller Marketing Name
Embedded MegaRAID
Serial Number
The manufacturer-assigned serial number.
PCI ID
The ID number for the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) local bus.
Host Interface
The type of interface used by the computer host system, such as PCI Express® (PCIe®).
Device Port Count
The maximum number of ports supported by the software RAID controller in which devices
(such as CD-ROM and disks) can be connected.
PCI Slot Number
The number of the PCI slot in which the selected controller is installed.
Drive Count
The number of drives connected to the selected controller.
Virtual Drive Count
The number of virtual drives configured on the controller currently.
Encryption Capable
Indicates whether the controller offers the ability to encrypt data on the drives. This solution
provides data protection in the event of theft or loss of physical drives.
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Table 3 Controller Properties (Continued)
4.1.2
Property
Description
Minimum Stripe Size
The minimum length of the data segments that the controller writes across multiple drives, not
including the parity drives. The default minimum stripe size is 64 KB.
Maximum Stripe Size
The maximum length of the data segments that the controller writes across multiple drives, not
including the parity drives. The default maximum stripe size is 64 KB.
Driver Version
The driver version of the EFI driver.
UEFI Driver Timestamp
The UEFI driver compilation time stamp.
Changing Controller Properties
You can use the HII configuration utility to change the properties for a controller. Perform the following steps to
change information for a controller.
1.
Highlight Controller Management on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
The Controller Management screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 33 Controller Management Screen
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Highlight Change Controller Properties and press Enter.
The Controller Management > Change Controller Properties screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 34 Controller Management – Change Controller Properties Screen
3.
Change the controller properties as desired.
The following table defines these controller properties.
Table 4 Changing Controller Properties
Property
Use
Description
Set Factory Defaults
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to this
property and press Enter. On the Confirm
screen, select Yes to confirm your selection.
Resets factory default values for all of the controller properties.
Set Boot Devices
Rebuild Rate
Selects the virtual drive to use as the boot device.
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to this
property. Press the plus key (+) to increase the
rate or press the minus key (–) to decrease the
rate.
Background Initialization Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to this
(BGI) Rate
property. Press the plus key (+) to increase the
rate or press the minus key (–) to decrease the
rate.
The percentage of central processing unit (CPU) resources devoted
to rebuilding data onto a new drive after a drive in a storage
configuration has failed.
The default value is 30 percent.
Background initialization is a check for media errors on the drives
when you create a virtual drive. It is an automatic operation that
starts five minutes after you create the virtual drive. This check
ensures that striped data segments are the same on all of the
drives in the drive group.
The default value is 30 percent.
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Table 4 Changing Controller Properties
Property
Use
Description
Consistency Check Rate
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to this
property. Press the plus key (+) to increase the
rate or press the minus key (–) to decrease the
rate.
A consistency check is an operation that verifies that all stripes in a
virtual drive with a redundant RAID level are consistent and that it
automatically fixes any errors. The consistency check rate is the
rate at which consistency check operations are run on a computer
system.
The default value is 30 percent.
Disk Coercion
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to this Drive coercion is a tool for forcing drives of varying capacities to
property. Press the plus key (+) to set the value the same capacity so they can be used in a drive group. The
to 128 MB, 1 GB or None.
coercion mode options are None, 128MB-way, and 1GB-way. The
number you choose depends on how much the drives from
various vendors vary in their actual size.
Read Ahead
Use the arrow keys to Enable or Disable.
When Disk Read Ahead is On, extra data is read sequentially ahead
of the data that is actually requested, and this extra data is stored
in cache memory. If the additional read-ahead data is then
requested, it can be read faster from the cache than from the disk
directly. This setting speeds up read operations for sequential data,
but there is little improvement when accessing random data.
Disk WC
Use the arrow keys to Enable or Disable.
You can disable the Disk Write Cache option when you create a
virtual drive, but you can enable this option later using the
configuration utilities.

When the Disk Write Cache is On, a write transaction is
considered complete when all the data has been written to
the disk cache.

When Disk Write Cache is Off, the write transaction is
complete only when the data has been written to the disk.
Auto Rebuild
Use the arrow keys to Enable or Disable.
Auto-rebuild allows a failed drive to be replaced and the data
automatically rebuilt by hot-swapping the drive in the same drive
bay. The RAID drive group continues to handle requests while the
rebuild occurs.
Auto Resume
Use the arrow keys to Enable or Disable.
When enabled, you can stop a consistency check, rebuild, or
initialization, and resume it later where it left off, instead of
aborting it and starting over.
4.
Highlight Apply Changes and press Enter to register your changes.
Your changes are registered and the controller properties are changed.
4.1.3
Clearing Configurations
Perform the following steps to clear all existing configurations on the controller.
1.
Highlight Controller Management on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
2.
Highlight Clear Configuration on the Controller Management screen (Figure 31) and press Enter.
3.
Highlight Yes to confirm your selection on the Confirm screen.
This action clears the existing configurations.
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4.2
Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
Managing Virtual Drives
You can use the Virtual Drive Management screen to create virtual drive configurations, view and change the virtual
drive properties, delete virtual drives, initialize drives, and perform other tasks related to the virtual drives.
NOTE
4.2.1
You cannot create a configuration across SATA and sSATA controllers.
Configuring Virtual Drives
This section provides detailed instructions to configure drive groups and virtual drives with the HII
configuration utility.
Use drives with the same capacity when you create a storage configuration. If you use drives with different capacities
in the same drive group, the CU limits each drive to the capacity of the smallest drive.
The number of physical drives in a specific array determines the possible RAID levels that you can implement with
the array.




RAID 0 requires from one to eight physical drives.
RAID 1 requires two physical drives.
RAID 5 required three to eight physical drives.
RAID 10 requires four, six, or eight physical drives.
NOTE
The stripe size is read-only. You cannot change the settings for
this property.
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
Follow these steps to access the Virtual Drive Management screen and create a virtual drive configuration.
1.
Highlight Virtual Drive Management on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
The Virtual Drive Management screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 35 Virtual Drive Management Screen
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Highlight Create Configuration and press Enter.
The Virtual Drive Management > Create Configuration screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 36 Virtual Drive Management – Create Configuration Screen
3.
4.
Use the arrow keys to select any highlighted fields (one at a time) that you want to change the setting for and
press Enter.
Select the setting for each property that you want to change from the default.
You can change the settings for the following fields on this screen:
Table 5 Virtual Drive Management Property Settings
Property
Description
Select RAID Level
The possible RAID levels for the virtual drive. See Section 1.2, RAID Overview, on page 8, for
more information about the RAID levels.
Select Drives From
The sources that you can use to select drives for the virtual drive. The options are
Unconfigured Capacity and Free Capacity.
Select Drives
Select this button and a screen appears that lists Unconfigured Good drives or free
capacity, which depend on the value you selected in the Select Drive From field.
Virtual Drive Name
Enter the name of the virtual drive.
Virtual Drive Size
Enter the capacity of the virtual drive. Normally, this value is the full capacity of the drive.
You can specify a smaller capacity if you want to create other virtual drives on the same
drive group.
Virtual Drive Size Unit
Enter the unit of capacity you want to use for the virtual drive. The options are MB, GB, and
TB.
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Table 5 Virtual Drive Management Property Settings (Continued)
4.2.2
Property
Description
Stripe Size
A stripe consists of the data segments that the RAID controller writes across multiple drives,
not including parity drives.
The default is 64 KB. This setting is read-only.
Read Ahead
When disk Read Ahead is On, extra data is read sequentially ahead of the data that is
actually requested, and this extra data is stored in cache memory. If the additional
read-ahead data is then requested, it can be read faster from the cache than from the disk
directly. This setting speeds up reads for sequential data, but there is little improvement
when accessing random data.
Disk WC
You can disable the Disk Write Cache option when you create a virtual drive, but you can
enable this option later using the configuration utilities.

When the Disk Write Cache is On, a write transaction is considered to be complete
when all the data has been written to the disk cache.

When Disk Write Cache is Off, the write transaction is complete only when the data
has been written to the disk.
Disable Background Initialization
Use this option to select the amount of system resources dedicated to background
initialization of virtual drives connected to the selected controller.
Managing Virtual Drive Properties
After you create a virtual drive, you can use the Virtual Drive Management screen to change the name of the
virtual drive.
NOTE
You can change only the virtual drive name for the virtual drive that is
selected. The other virtual drive properties are read-only.
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
Perform the following steps to access the virtual drive properties screen and change the name of the virtual drive.
1.
Highlight Virtual Drive Management on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
The Virtual Drive Management screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 37 Virtual Drive Management Screen
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Highlight Manage Virtual Drive Properties and press Enter.
The Virtual Drive Management > Manage Virtual Drive Properties screen appears, as shown in the
following figure.
Figure 38 Virtual Drive Management – Manage Virtual Drive Properties Screen
3.
Highlight the Virtual Drive Name field and press Enter.
4.
Enter a different name for the virtual drive and press Enter.
5.
Highlight Apply Changes and press Enter to make the selected change.
The name of the virtual drive is changed.
4.2.3
Selecting Virtual Drive Operations
You can use the Virtual Drive Management screen to select and launch operations related to the virtual
drive properties.
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
Perform the following steps to access the virtual drive operations screen and carry out operations for the virtual
drive properties.
1.
Highlight Select Virtual Drive Operations on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
The Virtual Drive Management screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 39 Virtual Drive Management Screen
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
The Select Operation Screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 40 Select Virtual Drive Operation
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Highlight Select Operation and press Enter.
The Virtual Drive Management > Select Virtual Drive Operations screen appears, as shown in the
following figure.
Figure 41 Select Virtual Drive Operations Screen
3.
Highlight each operation you want to carry out and press Enter.
The following two operations appear.
Table 6 Select Virtual Drive Operation Properites
Property
Description
Select Virtual Drive
Select the virtual drive you want to carry out operations on. The screen displays the virtual
drive number, virtual drive name, RAID level, virtual drive capacity, and virtual drive status.
Virtual Drive Operation
Select Fast Initialization or Full Initialization to initialize this virtual drive. A fast
initialization quickly writes 0s to the first and last 10-MB regions of the new virtual drive
and then completes the initialization in the background. A slow initialization is not
complete until the entire virtual drive has been initialized with 0s. It is seldom necessary to
use this option, because the virtual drive was initialized when you created it.
NOTE If you have redundant virtual drives, you have the option to perform the Make Data
Consistent operation.
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Highlight Start Operation and press Enter.
The confirmation screen appears.
NOTE
5.
The Start Operation option and the Stop Operation option toggle
based on the current status of the operation. For example, after you
start an operation, the Start Operation field is no longer highlighted,
and the Stop Operation field is highlighted.
Highlight Yes and press Enter to confirm that you want to carry out the operations.
NOTE
After you choose an operation and select Start Operation, the
progress bar appears, showing zero percent. To see the change in
percentages, return to the previous page and then access this
page again.
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4.2.4
Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
Viewing Drive Group Properties
You can use the Virtual Drive Management screen to access the View Drive Group Properties screen and view the
properties. The drive group contains the drives that are used to create the virtual drive.
Perform the following steps to access the View Drive Group Properties screen and view the drive group properties.
1.
Highlight Drive Management on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
The Virtual Drive Management screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 42 Virtual Drive Management Screen
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
Select View Drive Properties and press Enter.
The View Drive Group Properties screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 43 View Drive Group Properties Screen
The screen displays the drive group number, drive group name, RAID level, virtual drive capacity, and virtual
drive status.
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Virtual Drives
Highlight the drive group and press Enter.
The drive group properties and any free capacity appear in the list, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 44 Drive Group Properties Screen and Free Space
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Drives
Managing Drives
You can use the Drive Management screen to view and change the physical drive properties of the drives in a
drive group.
4.3.1
Viewing Drive Properties
Perform the following steps to access the View Drive Properties screen and view the values for the properties.
1.
Highlight Drive Management on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
The Drive Management screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 45 Drive Management Screen
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Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
Managing Drives
Highlight View Drive Properties and press Enter.
The Drive Management > View Drive Properties screen appears, as shown in the following figure. This screen
contains additional options that you can scroll down to view. The following figure shows the first options. You can
scroll down to display the additional options.
Figure 46 Drive Management – View Drive Properties Screen
You can highlight the Associated Virtual Drive field on the second View Drive Properties screen, and press
Enter to view the properties. However, you cannot change the values in this field.
The following table shows the drive properties and their values.
Table 7 Drive Properties
Property
Value
Select Drive
The drive number, drive slot, drive type, drive capacity, and drive status of the selected
drive.
Drive ID
The ID and the drive slot of the selected drive.
State
The state of the selected drive, such as Online, Offline, or Unconfigured Good.
Coerced Size (MB)
The capacity to which the selected drive has been coerced to make it compatible with
other drives that are nominally the same capacity
Revision
The firmware revision of the drive.
Device Type
Indicates the type of device selected, such as a drive, tape, or CD/DVD-ROM.
Connected Port
Indicates the port to which the selected drive is connected.
Media Errors
Indicates the number of media errors on the drive. Media errors are physical defects on
the drive.
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Managing Drives
Table 7 Drive Properties (Continued)
4.3.2
Property
Value
Predicted Fail Count
Indicates the predicted number of drive failures.
Available Size (MB)
Indicates the free capacity of the selected drive.
Used Space (MB)
Indicates the configured space of the selected drive in MB.
Disk Protocol
Indicates the type of drive selected, such as SATA.
Negotiated Drive Transfer Speed
Indicates the negotiated link speed for the data transfer to or from the selected drive.
Number of Connections
Indicates the number of devices connected.
Associated Virtual Drive
Indicates the virtual drive number, virtual drive name, RAID level, virtual drive capacity, and
virtual drive status.
Selecting Drive Operations
Perform the following steps to access the drive operations screen and carry out the operations.
1.
Highlight Drive Management on the Configuration Options screen (Figure 30) and press Enter.
The Drive Management > Select screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 47 Drive Management Screen
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Managing Drives
Highlight Select Drive Operations and press Enter.
The Drive Management > Select Drive Operations screen appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 48 Drive Management – Select Drive Operations
3.
Highlight an operation and press Enter.
The following table defines the drive operations:
Table 8 Drive Operation Settings
Property
Value
Select Drive
Select the drive on which you want to carry out operations. The screen displays the drive
number, slot number, drive type, drive capacity, and drive status.
Drive Operation
Make a drive offline or online. The options are Place Drive Offline and Place Drive Online.
NOTE If a good drive is part of a redundant drive group with a hot spare, and you force that
drive offline, the data on the drive rebuilds to the hot spare drive. The drive you forced
offline goes into the Unconfigured Good state.
4.
Highlight Start Operation and press Enter.
The confirmation screen appears.
5.
Highlight Yes and press Enter.
The controller performs the selected operations.
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4.4
Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility
UDK2010 Support
UDK2010 Support
The HII utility works with both EDK I (EDK 1.06) and EDK II (UDK2010). The EDK is the Intel implementation of the EFI
Specification and EDK II (UDK2010) is a cross-platform firmware development environment for the UEFI.
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Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
MegaCLI Command Tool Overview
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
This chapter describes the commands for the MegaCLI Command Tool and how to use them.
The MegaCLI Command Tool (CT) is a command line interface application that you can use to configure and maintain
storage configurations created with the Embedded RAID utility.
NOTE
5.1
The MegaCLI CT utility runs in the Microsoft Windows operating
environment and the Linux® operating environment. For DOS, the
utility is called MegaDCLI CT, and it supports a subset of the full
command set.
MegaCLI Command Tool Overview
The MegaCLI CT and MegaDCLI CT utilities are command line interface applications you can use to configure and
manage storage configurations under Embedded RAID. You can use these command tools to perform the
following tasks:
















5.2
Configure virtual drives and create configurations on the adapter
Display the configuration on the adapter
Display and change virtual drives’ properties on the adapter
Display and change physical drives’ properties on the adapter
Display and change adapter properties
Load a configuration to the adapter from a file
Save an adapter configuration to a file
Start or stop rebuild, consistency check, and initialization
Suspend and display an ongoing background initialization
Display relevant user messages on the console or write them to the log file
Work in silent mode, if selected (no messages are displayed on the console)
Display adapter inventory data in a single command
Customize output strings
Exit with predefined success or failure exit codes
Set some predefined environment variables, such as number of adapters and number of virtual drives after the
execution of the CT
Display help on how to use the command line options
MegaCLI Commands Not Supported by Embedded MegaRAID Software
Some MegaCLI CT commands that are supported in hardware RAID configurations are not supported under
Embedded RAID, that include the following commands:






Adapter Cache Flush (-AdpCacheFlush)
Cluster Enable (-AdpGetProperties, -AdpSetProperties)
Diagnostics (-AdpDiag, -AdpBatTest, -AdpNVRAM)
Display Enclosure Information (-EncInfo)
Display List of Missing Physical Disk Drives (-PDGetMissing)
Foreign Configuration (-CfgForeign)
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


5.3
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Exception Handling
Mark Configured Physical Disk Drive as Missing (-PDMarkMissing)
Set Virtual Drive Properties (-LDSetProp)
Virtual Drive Reconstruction (-LDRecon)
NOTE
The Embedded RAID utility does not support Write Policy, Read Policy,
or I/O Policy. Software RAID supports only enabling and disabling the
drives’ write cache and read-ahead functions.
NOTE
The MegaCLI CT utility for Embedded RAID does not support the
concept of disk enclosures, except for a default Enclosure 0 (E0). Some
of the commands support an E0:Sn syntax that enables you to specify
a drive in a particular “slot” in this default enclosure.
Exception Handling
The MegaCLI CT utility exits with exit code 0 for all successful operations. In case of failure, it exits with exit code 1 to
exit code 255, depending on the failure conditions. For example, assume that a rebuild is started on three physical
drives. The MegaCLI CT utility successfully starts rebuilding the first drive but fails to start rebuilding the second drive.
If this happens, the MegaCLI CT utility does not attempt to start rebuilding the third drive; instead, it exits with an
error exit code. In this case, the error code is EXIT_ERR_START_RBLD. So even if the command was partially successful,
an error code is still generated.
Some operations, such as GetNumberOfAdapters or GetNumberofLogicaldrives return with the actual
number of controllers or virtual drives. These return values are special cases and do not reflect any error conditions
based on the return code, which in these cases contains meaningful values.
5.4
Command Line Abbreviations and Conventions
This section explains the abbreviations and conventions used with MegaCLI Configuration Utility commands.
5.4.1
Abbreviations Used in the Command Line
The following table lists the abbreviations for the virtual drive parameters used in the following sections.
Table 9 Command Line Abbreviations
Abbreviation
Description
WB
WriteBack write policy
WT
WriteThrough write policy
ADRA
Adaptive Read Ahead read policy
RA
Read Ahead read policy
NORA
Normal read policy (No read ahead)
DIO
Direct I/O cache policy
CIO
Cached I/O cache policy
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5.4.2
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Adapter Commands
Conventions
You can specify multiple values for some options. You can enter commands for a single adapter (-aN), multiple
selected adapters (-a0,1,2) or all adapters (-aALL). These options are denoted as -aN| -a0,1,2|-aALL in the
command line syntax used in this chapter. The following table lists all the conventions used in the command line
options and specifies that you can enter commands for one controller, multiple controllers, or all controllers.
NOTE
All options in the MegaRAID Command Tool utility are
position-dependent, unless otherwise specified.
Table 10 Conventions
Convention
Description
MegaCLI
Specifies the command line interface used. Type MegaCLI under Microsoft Windows and Linux.
|
Specifies “or,” meaning you can choose between options.
-aN
N specifies the adapter number for the command.
-a0,1,2
Specifies the command is for adapters 0, 1, and 2. You can select two or more controllers in this manner.
-aALL
Specifies the command is for all adapters.
-Lx
x specifies the virtual drive number for the command.
-L0,1,2
Specifies the command is for virtual drives 0, 1, and 2. You can select two or more virtual drives in this
manner.
-Lall
Specifies the command is for all virtual drives.
[E0:S0,E1,S1,…] Specifies when one or more physical devices must be specified in the command line. Each [E:S] pair
specifies one physical device where E means device ID of the enclosure in which a drive resides, and S
means the slot number of the enclosure.
[ ]
Indicates that the parameter is optional.
{ }
Indicates that the parameters are grouped and that they must be given at the same time.
-Force
Specifies that the MegaCLI utility does not ask you for confirmation before it performs this command. You
might lose data using this option with some commands.
You can specify the -Silent command line option for all possible functions of the MegaCLI CT utility. If you enter
this option at the command line, no messages appear on the screen.
5.5
Adapter Commands
You can use the commands in this section to set or display properties related to the adapter(s).
NOTE
The Embedded RAID drivers function as virtual adapters or controllers.
Because the drivers are not actual hardware components, some of the
adapter parameters do not apply to them.
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5.5.1
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Adapter Commands
Display Adapter Information
Use the command in the following table to display information on adapter parameters such as the number of virtual
drives and initiator ID.
Table 11 Display Adapter Information
5.5.2
Syntax
MegaCLI –AdpAllInfo -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays parameters on the selected adapter(s). Displayed information includes initiator ID, current status of
auto rebuild, alarm, number of virtual drives, rebuild rate, bus number/device number, present RAM, settings,
serial number of the board, and address.
Enable or Disable Automatic Rebuild
Use the command in the following table to turn automatic rebuild on or off for the selected adapter(s). If you have
configured hot spares and enabled automatic rebuild, the RAID adapter automatically tries to use them to rebuild
failed disks. Automatic rebuild also controls whether a rebuild starts when a drive that was part of the array is
reinserted.
Table 12 Enable or Disable Automatic Rebuild
5.5.3
Syntax
MegaCLI –AdpAutoRbld -Enbl|-Dsbl|-Dsply -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Enables (-Enbl) or disables (-Dsbl) automatic rebuild on the selected adapter(s).
The -Dsply option shows the status of the automatic rebuild state.
Set Adapter Properties
This command sets the properties on the selected adapter(s). For example, for {RebuildRate -val}, you can
enter a value between 0 percent and 100 percent. (The rebuild rate is the percentage of the compute cycles dedicated
to rebuilding failed drives.) At 0 percent, the rebuild is done only if the system is not doing anything else. At
100 percent, the rebuild has a higher priority than any other system activity.
NOTE
The default rebuild rate of 30 percent is recommended.
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Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Adapter Commands
Use the command in the following table to display or set adapter properties.
Table 13 Set Adapter Properties
Syntax
Description
MegaCLI –AdpSetProp {RebuildRate -val} | {PatrolReadRate –val}|{BgiRate
–val}| {CCRate –val} | {ReconRate –val} | {CoercionMode –val} |
{EnblSSDPatrolRead -val} | {-PrCorrectUncfgdAreas -val} | -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Sets the properties on the selected controller(s). The possible settings are:
RebuildRate
Rebuild rate. Values: 0 to 100.

PatrolReadRate
Patrol read rate. Values: 0 to 100.

BgiRate
Background initialization rate. Values: 0 to 100.

CCRate
Consistency check rate. Values: 0 to 100.

ReconRate
Reconstruction rate. Values: 0 to 100.

CoercionMode
Drive capacity Coercion mode.
— 0 = None
— 1 = 128 MB
— 2 = 1 GB

NOTE The coercion type can be set only when there is no configuration present on the adapter.


EnblSSDPatrolRead
Enable the patrol read operation (media scan) on a SSD.
PrCorrectUncfgdAreas
Correct media error during patrol read.
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5.5.4
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Adapter Commands
Display Specified Adapter Properties
Use the command in the following table to display specified properties on the selected adapter(s).
Table 14 Display Specified Adapter Properties
5.5.5
Syntax
MegaCLI –AdpGetProp | RebuildRate | PatrolReadRate | BgiRate | CCRate |
ReconRate | CoercionMode | PrCorrectUncfgdAreas | EnblSSDPatrolRead
-aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays the properties on the selected controller(s).

RebuildRate
Rebuild rate. Values: 0 to 100.

PatrolReadRate
Patrol read rate. Values: 0 to 100.

BgiRate
Background initialization rate. Values: 0 to 100.

CCRate
Consistency check rate. Values: 0 to 100.

ReconRate
Reconstruction rate. Values: 0 to 100.

CoercionMode
Drive capacity Coercion mode.
— 0 = None
— 1 = 128 MB
— 2 = 1 GB

PrCorrectUncfgdAreas
Correct media error during patrol read.

EnblSSDPatrolRead
Enable the patrol read operation (media scan) on a SSD.
Set Time and Date on Controller
Use the command in the following table to set the time and date on the selected controller(s).
Table 15 Set Time and Date on Controller
5.5.6
Syntax
MegaCLI –AdpSetTime yyyymmdd HH:mm:ss -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Sets the time and date on the controller. This command uses a 24-hour format. For example, 7 p.m. appears as
19:00:00. The order of date and time is reversible.
Display Adapter Time
Use the command in the following table to display the current time and date of the selected adapter.
Table 16 Display Adapter Time
Syntax
MegaCLI –AdpGetTime -aN
Description
Displays the time and date on the controller. This command uses a 24-hour format. For example, 7 p.m.
appears as 19:00:00. The order of date and time is reversible.
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5.5.7
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Event Log Commands
Set Factory Defaults
Use the command in the following table to set the factory defaults on the selected adapter(s).
Table 17 Set Factory Defaults
Syntax
MegaCLI -AdpFacDefSet -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Sets the factory defaults on the selected adapter(s). You cannot set the factory defaults if the adapter already
has a configuration defined on it.
5.6
Event Log Commands
5.6.1
Manage the Event Log Entries
Use the command in the following table to manage the event entries in the event log for the selected adapter(s).
Table 18 Event Log Management
Syntax
MegaCLI –AdpEventLog –GetEventlogInfo |{–GetEvents | GetSinceShutdown|
GetSinceReboot | IncludeDeleted | {GetLatest <number>} –f <filename>} |Clear
-aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
The RAID driver maintains a volatile circular list of 100 events, which is deleted at reboot. The following
command options are available:

-GetEventlogInfo
Displays overall event information such as total number of events, newest sequence number, oldest
sequence number, shutdown sequence number, reboot sequence number, and clear sequence number.

-GetEvents
Gets event log entry details. The information shown consists of the total number of entries and the details
of each error log entry. Start_entry specifies the initial event log entry when displaying the log.

-GetSinceShutdown
Displays all the events since the last adapter shutdown.

-GetSinceReboot
Displays all the events since the last adapter reboot.

-IncludeDeleted
Displays all events, which includes deleted events.

-GetLatest
Displays the latest number of events, if it exists. The event data is written to the file in reverse order.

-Clear
Clears the event log for the selected adapter(s).
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5.7
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Configuration Commands
Configuration Commands
You can use the commands in this section to create storage configurations.
5.7.1
Add RAID 0, RAID 1, or RAID 5 Configuration
Use the command in the following table to add a RAID level 0, 1, or 5 configuration to the existing configuration on
the selected adapter. For RAID level 10, see Section 5.7.3, Add RAID 10 Configuration, on page 75.
Table 19 Add RAID 0, 1, or 5 Configuration
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgLDAdd -R0|-R1|-R5[[E0]:Sn] [-szXXXXXXXX [-szYYYYYYYY [...]]]
[-strpszM] [-Hsp[E5:S5,...]] [–afterLdX] -aN
Description
Adds a RAID level 0, RAID level 1 or RAID level 5 configuration to a specified adapter. Even if no configuration is
present, you have the option to write the configuration to the adapter.

–Rx[[E0]:Sn]
Used to specify the RAID level and the physical drive enclosure/slot numbers for a drive group.
NOTE No enclosure number is needed for simple swap configurations, in which a drive is not part of an
enclosure. For example, in a RAID level 1 configuration with a drive in slot 2 that is not in an enclosure, and a
drive in an enclosure in slot 3, the syntax is -R1[:2,1:3].

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
–strpszM
Used (optionally) to specify a stripe size. You can set the stripe size to 64 KB.
–Hsp[Ex:Sx,…]
Used to create a global hot spare, with physical drive enclosure/slot numbers specified.
–szXXXX
Used to specify the size of a virtual drive, where XXXX is a decimal number of MB. However, the actual size
of the virtual drive might be smaller, because the driver requires the number of blocks from physical
drives in each virtual drive to be aligned to the stripe size. This option can also be used to create a
configuration on the free space available in the array.
-AfterLdX
Used to specify which free slot should be used (optional). By default, the MegaCLI CT utility uses the first
free slot available in the array. This option has no meaning if the array is not already used
for configuration.
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5.7.2
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Configuration Commands
Configure Each Disk as RAID 0
Use the command in the following table to configure each physical disk in an Unconfigured Good state as RAID 0.
NOTE
The MegaCLI CT utility does not support spanning across these
single-drive RAID 0 configurations.
Table 20 Configure Each Disk as RAID 0
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgEachDskRAID0 [{WT | WB}] [{NORA | RA | ADRA}] [{Direct | Cached}]
[{-strpszM} -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Configures each physical disk in an Unconfigured Good state as RAID 0 on this controller.
The options {WT |WB} {NORA | RA | ADRA} {Direct | Cached} must be entered in the sequence
that is shown.

WT
Used to select Write-Through caching, in which a write transaction is considered to be complete when all
the data has been written to the disk cache.

WB
Used to select Write-Back caching, in which the write transaction is complete only when the data has
been written to the disk.

NORA
Used to select Normal Read Ahead caching, which specifies that the controller reads only the requested
data and does not read ahead for the current virtual drive.

RA
Used to select Read Ahead caching, which specifies that data is read sequentially ahead of the data that is
actually requested and is stored in a cache. If the additional read-ahead data is then requested, it can be
read faster from the cache than from the disk directly. Read-Ahead supplies sequential data faster, but is
not as effective when accessing random data.

ADRA
Used to select Adaptive Read Ahead, which specifies that the controller begins using Read Ahead caching
if the two most recent disk accesses occurred in sequential sectors. If all read requests are random, the
algorithm reverts to No Read Ahead; however, all requests are still evaluated for possible sequential
operation.
If you select Read Ahead, there is a danger that data could be lost if the power fails before the cached data
is written to disk.

Direct
Used to specify that the controller does not buffer reads in cache memory. Data is transferred to cache
and the host concurrently. If the same data block is read again, it comes from cache memory.

Cached
Used to specify that the controller buffers all reads in cache memory.

{-strpszM}
Used to specify the size of the segments written to each drive in the configuration. You can set the stripe
size to 64 KB.
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5.7.3
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Configuration Commands
Add RAID 10 Configuration
Use the command in the following table to add a RAID 10 configuration to the existing configuration on the selected
adapter. For RAID level 0, RAID level 1, or RAID level 5, see Section 5.7.1, Add RAID 0, RAID 1, or RAID 5 Configuration,
on page 73.
NOTE
On a RAID 10 array, you can create only one virtual drive, and that
virtual drive must occupy the entire space of the RAID 10 array.
Table 21 Add RAID 10 Configuration
5.7.4
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgSpanAdd -R10| –Array0[E0:Sn] –Array1[E0:Sn] [...] [{WT | WB}]
[{NORA | RA | ADRA}] [{Direct | Cached}] [{-strpszM}] -aN
Description
Creates a RAID level 10 (spanned) configuration from the specified arrays. Even if no configuration is present,
you must use this option to write the configuration to the adapter.
Multiple arrays are specified using the –ArrayX[E0:Sn,...] option. (Note that X starts from 0, not 1.) All
the arrays must have the same number of physical drives. At least two arrays must be provided. The options
{WT |WB} {NORA | RA | ADRA} {Direct | Cached} must be entered in the sequence that is
shown.
Clear Existing Configuration
Use the command in the following table to clear the existing storage configuration on the selected adapter(s).
Table 22 Clear Existing Configuration
5.7.5
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgClr -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Clears the existing storage configuration.
Display Existing Configuration
Use the command in the following table to display the virtual drive and physical disk drive information for the
configuration on the selected adapter(s). This command also provides information about the remaining unconfigured
space.
Table 23 Display Existing Configuration
5.7.6
Syntax
MegaCLI -CfgDsply -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays the existing configuration on the selected adapter(s), which includes the virtual drive and component
physical drive related details.
Save Adapter Configuration
Use the command in the following table to save the configuration for the selected adapter(s) to the given filename.
Table 24 Save Adapter Configuration
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgSave –fFileName -aN
Description
Saves the configuration for the selected adapter(s) to the given filename, in binary format. The command also
stores the controller properties structure in the file.
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5.7.7
Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Virtual Drive Commands
Restore Configuration Data from File
Use the command in the following table to read the configuration from the file and load it on the selected
controller(s). You can restore the read/write properties and RAID configuration using hot spares.
Table 25 Restore Configuration Data from File
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgRestore –fFileName -aN
Description
Reads the configuration from the file and loads it on the adapter. The MegaCLI utility can store or restore all
read and write adapter properties, all read and write properties for virtual drives, and the RAID configuration
including hot spares.
NOTE The -CfgSave option stores the configuration data and adapter properties in the file. Configuration
data has only the device ID and sequence number information of the physical drives used in the configuration.
The CfgRestore option will fail if the same device IDs of the physical drives are not present. The utility does
not validate the setup before restoring the configuration.
5.7.8
Delete Virtual Drive(s)
Use the command in the following table to delete one or more virtual drives on the selected adapter(s).
Table 26 Delete Virtual Drives
5.7.9
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgLDDel –Lx|-L0,1,2|-Lall -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Deletes one virtual drive, multiple virtual drives, or all the selected virtual drives on selected adapter(s).
Display Free Space
Use the command in the following table to display the free space that is available to use for configuration on the
selected adapter(s).
Table 27 Display Free Space
5.8
Syntax
MegaCLI –CfgFreeSpaceInfo -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays all the free space available for configuration on the selected adapter(s). The information includes the
number of disk groups, the number of spans in each disk group, the number of free space slots in each disk
group, the start block, and the size (in both blocks and MB) of each free space slot.
Virtual Drive Commands
You can use the commands in this section to select settings for the virtual drives and to perform actions on them.
5.8.1
Display Virtual Drive Information
Use the command in the following table to display information about virtual drives on the selected adapter(s).
Table 28 Display Virtual Drive Information
Syntax
MegaCLI –LDInfo –Lx|-L0,1,2|-Lall -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays information about the virtual drive(s) on the selected adapter(s). This information includes the name,
RAID level, RAID level qualifier, size in MB, state, stripe size, number of drives, and span depth. It also displays
activity progress, if any, which includes initialization, background initialization, and consistency checking.
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Virtual Drive Commands
Display Virtual Drive Disk Cache Settings
Use the command in the following table to display the disk cache settings for the virtual drive(s) on the selected
adapter(s).
Table 29 Display Virtual Drive Cache Settings
Syntax
MegaCLI –LDGetProp -DskCache -Lx|-L0,1,2|-Lall -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays the disk cache settings of the virtual drive(s).

-DskCache
Displays physical drive cache policy.
NOTE Embedded RAID does not support setting virtual drive parameters.
5.8.3
Manage Virtual Drive Initialization
Use the command in the following table to manage initialization of the virtual drive(s) on the selected adapter(s).
NOTE
This command is not supported in DOS.
Table 30 Manage Virtual Drive Initialization
Syntax
MegaCLI -LDInit –Start [Fast | Full] |-Abort|–ShowProg|-ProgDsply
-Lx|-L0,1,2|-Lall -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Allows you to select the following actions for virtual drive initialization:

-Start
Starts the initialization (writing 0s) on the virtual drive(s) and displays the progress (optional). The fast
initialization option initializes the first 100 MB on the virtual drive. The full option allows you to initialize
the entire virtual drive.

-Abort
Aborts the ongoing initialization on the LD(s).

-ShowProg
Displays the snapshot of the ongoing initialization, if any.

-ProgDsply
Displays the progress of the ongoing initialization until at least one initialization is completed or a key is
pressed.
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Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Virtual Drive Commands
Manage Consistency Checks
Use the command in the following table to manage a data consistency check on the virtual drives for the
selected adapter(s).
NOTE
This command is not supported in DOS.
Table 31 Manage Consistency Checks
Syntax
Description
MegaCLI –LDCC –Start|-Abort|–ShowProg|-ProgDsply –Lx|-L0,1,2|-Lall
-aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Allows you to select the following actions for a data consistency check:
-Start
Starts a consistency check on the virtual drive(s), and then displays the progress (optional) and time
remaining.

-Abort
Aborts an ongoing consistency check on the virtual drive(s).

-ShowProg
Displays a snapshot of an ongoing consistency check.

-ProgDsply
Displays ongoing consistency check progress until at least one consistency check is completed or a key is
pressed.

5.8.5
View Ongoing Background Initialization
Use the command in the following table to view ongoing background initialization of the selected virtual drives, after
the -LDInit command has been issued to start the initialization. This function completes only when all background
initialization processes complete or the user presses a key to exit.
NOTE
This command is not supported in the DOS environment.
Table 32 View Ongoing Background Initialization
Syntax
MegaCLI –LDBI -Enbl|-Dsbl|-GetSetting|-ShowProg|-ProgDsply –Lx|-L0,1,2|-Lall
-aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays ongoing background initialization of the selected virtual drives. This function completes only when all
background initialization processes complete or the user presses a key to exit.

-Enbl, -Dsbl
Enables or disables the background initialization on the given adapter(s).

-ProgDsply
Allows the user to view ongoing background initialization until all background initialization processes
complete or the user presses a key to exit.

-ShowProg
Displays current progress value.

-GetSetting
Displays current background initialization setting (enabled or disabled).
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Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Drive Commands
Display Virtual Drive and Physical Drive Information
Use the command in the following table to display information about the virtual drives and physical disk drives for the
selected adapter(s), such as the number of virtual drives, RAID level, and physical disk drive size.
Table 33 Display Virtual Drive and Physical Disk Drive Information
5.8.7
Syntax
MegaCLI –LDPDInfo -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays information about the virtual drive(s) and physical disk drive(s) on the selected adapter(s). Displays
information including the number of virtual drives, the RAID level of the virtual drives, and physical drive size
information, which includes the raw size, coerced size, uncoerced size, and address.
Display Number of Virtual Drives
Use the command in the following table to display the number of virtual drives attached to the adapter.
Table 34 Display Number of Virtual Drives
5.9
Syntax
MegaCLI –LDGetNum –aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays the number of virtual drives attached to the adapter. The return value is the number of virtual drives.
Drive Commands
You can use the commands in this section to select settings for the drives and perform actions on them.
5.9.1
Display Drive Information
Use the command in the following table to display information about the drives on the selected adapter(s).
Table 35 Display Physical Disk Drive Information
5.9.2
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDInfo -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL -PhysDrv[E0:Sn,...]
Description
Provides information about the drives connected to the enclosure and controller slot. This includes
information such as the enclosure number, slot number, device ID, sequence number, drive type, capacity (if a
drive), foreign state, and inquiry data.

-Physdrv[E0:S0,...]
Specifies the physical drive enclosure and the slots for the drives to provide information about.
Set the Drive State to Online
Use the command in the following table to set the state of a drive to Online. In an online state, the drive is working
normally and is a part of a configured virtual drive.
Table 36 Set Drive State to Online
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDOnline -PhysDrv[E0:Sn,...] -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Changes the drive state to Online.

-Physdrv[E0:S0,...]
Specifies the physical drive enclosure and the slots for the drives.
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Drive Commands
Set the Drive State to Offline
Use the command in the following table to set the state of a drive to Offline. In the offline state, the virtual drive is not
available to the controller.
Table 37 Set Physical Disk Drive State to Offline
5.9.4
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDOffline -PhysDrv[E0:S,...] -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Changes the drive state to Offline.

-Physdrv[E0:S0,...]
Specifies the physical drive enclosure and the slots for the drives.
Change the Drive State to Unconfigured-Good
Use the command in the following table to change the state of a drive from Unconfigured Bad to Unconfigured Good.
Table 38 Set Physical Disk Drive State to Unconfigured-Good
5.9.5
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDMakeGood -PhysDrv[E0:Sn...] -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Changes the drive state to Unconfigured Good.

-Physdrv[E0:S0,...]
Specifies the physical drive enclosure and the slots for the drives.

Force
Force the drive to the Unconfigured Good state.
Manage a Drive Initialization
Use the command in the following table to manage a drive initialization on the selected controller(s).
Table 39 Drive Initialization
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDClear -Start |-Stop|-ShowProg |-ProgDsply
-PhysDrv[E0:S0,E1:S1,...] -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Manages initialization or displays initialization progress on a single controller, multiple controllers, or
all controllers:

-Start
Starts initialization on the selected drive(s).

-Stop
Stops an ongoing initialization on the selected drive(s).

-ShowProg
Displays the current progress percentage and time remaining for the initialization. This option is
useful for running the application through scripts.

-ProgDsply
Displays the ongoing clear progress. The routine continues to display the initialization progress until
at least one initialization is completed or a key is pressed.
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Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Drive Commands
Manage Global Hot Spares
Use the command in the following table to manage the configuration and assignment of global hot spares. Make sure
the capacity of the hot spare drive is equal to or larger than the capacity of the disks in the drive group and that it is
the same type of drive.
NOTE
Dedicated hot spare drives are not supported by the MegaCLI
Command Tool.
NOTE
The hot spare drive rebuilds a failed drive even if the hot spare drive
and the drives in the drive group are different types of drives. When
the rebuild is completed, Avago recommends that you replace the
new drive group member with a drive of the same type.
Table 40 Manage Hot Spares
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDHSP {–Set | -Rmv} -PhysDrv[E0:Sn,...] -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description


5.9.7
-Set
Changes the physical disk drive state to hot spare for the enclosure.
-Rmv
Changes the physical drive state to ready (removes the hot spare).
Rebuild a Drive
Use the command in the following table to start or stop a rebuild on a physical disk drive and display the rebuild
progress. When a physical disk in an array fails, you can rebuild the physical disk by recreating the data that was stored
on the physical disk before it failed.
Table 41 Rebuild Physical Disk Drive
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDRbld –Start |-Stop|-ShowProg |-ProgDsply –PhysDrv [E0:Sn,...]
-aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Manages a drive rebuild or displays the rebuild progress on a single controller, multiple controllers, or all
controllers. Note that the drive must meet the capacity requirements before it can be rebuilt, and it must be
part of a drive group:

-Start
Starts a rebuild on the selected drive(s) and displays the rebuild progress (optional).

-Stop
Stops an ongoing rebuild on the selected drive(s).

-ShowProg
Displays the current progress percentage and time remaining for the rebuild. This option is useful for
running the application through scripts.

-ProgDsply
Displays the ongoing rebuild progress. This routine displays the rebuild progress until at least one
initialization is completed or a key is pressed.

-Physdrv[E0:S0,...]
Specifies the physical drive enclosure and the slots for the drives.
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Drive Commands
Locate Physical Disk Drive(s) and Activate LED
Use the command in the following table to locate physical disk drive(s) by flashing the drive activity LED.
Table 42 Locate Drive and Activate the LED
5.9.9
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDLocate –Start |-Stop –PhysDrv[E0:Sn,...] -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Locates the drive(s) for the selected controller(s) and activates the drive activity LED.

-Physdrv[E0:S0,...]
Specifies the physical drive enclosure and the slots for the drives.
Replace Configured Disk Drives and Start Automatic Rebuild
Use the command in the following table to replace a configured physical disk drive and start an automatic rebuild of
the drive.
Table 43 Replace Configured Disk Drives and Start Automatic Rebuild
5.9.10
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDReplaceMissing –PhysDrv[E0:Sn] –ArrayX –RowY -aN
Description
Replaces the configured physical drives, and then starts an automatic rebuild. The specified array Index and
row must be a missing drive.
Prepare Unconfigured Physical Drives for Removal
Use the command in the following table to prepare an unconfigured physical disk drive(s) for removal from the
selected adapter(s).
Table 44 Prepare Unconfigured Physical Disk Drives for Removal
5.9.11
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDPrpRmv [-Undo] –PhysDrv[E0:Sn,...] -aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Prepares unconfigured physical drive(s) for removal. The drive is spun down, and the drive state is set to
unaffiliated, which marks it as offline even though it is not a part of configuration.
The -Undo option undoes this operation and the physical disk is marked as Unconfigured-Good.
Display Number of Physical Drives
Use the command in the following table to display the total number of physical disk drives attached to an adapter.
Table 45 Display Number of Physical Disk Drives
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDGetNum –aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Displays the total number of physical disk drives attached to an adapter. The return value is the number of
physical disk drives.
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Miscellaneous Commands
Display List of Physical Drives
Use the command in the following table to display a list of the physical drives connected to the selected adapter(s).
Table 46 Display List of Physical Drives
5.9.13
Syntax
MegaCLI –PDList –aN|-a0,1...|-aAll
Description
Displays information about all physical disk drives connected to the selected adapter(s). This includes
information such as the drive type, size, and serial number.
Download Firmware to the Physical Devices
Use the command in the following table to download firmware to the physical devices connected to the selected
adapter(s).
Table 47 Download Firmware to the Physical Devices
5.10
Syntax
MegaDCLI -PdFwDownload [offline] {[-SataBridge]
-PhysDrv[E0:Sn,...]}|{EncdevId[devId1,devId2,...]} -f <filename>
-aN|-a0,1,2|-aALL
Description
Flashes the firmware with the file specified at the command line. The firmware files used to flash a physical
device can be of any format. The CLI utility assumes that you provide a valid firmware image, and it flashes the
same. The physical device needs to do error checking.

-SataBridge
Allows you to download the SATA bridge firmware in online mode.

-Physdrv[E0:S0,...]
Specifies the physical drive enclosure and the slots for the drives. Flashes the firmware to only one
physical drive.

-EncdevId[devId]
Specifies the enclosure device ID. See Section 5.16.1, Display Enclosure Information for more enclosure
information.
Miscellaneous Commands
The commands in this section are used to display various information about the MegaCLI utility.
5.10.1
Display Version Information
Use the command in the following table to display the version number of the MegaCLI utility, the version of the device
driver, the firmware versions for the attached physical device, and the enclosure.
Table 48 Display MegaCLI Version
Syntax
MegaCLI –v -Cli | Ctrl | Driver | Pd | –aN
Description
Displays the firmware versions and the other code levels installed on the controller, the MegaCLI version, the
version of the device driver, the firmware versions for the attached physical device, and the enclosure in a list
as location information, model string, and firmware version.
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Chapter 5: MegaCLI Command Tool
Miscellaneous Commands
Display MegaCLI Version
Use the command in the following table to display the version number of the MegaCLI utility.
Table 49 Display MegaCLI Version
5.10.3
Syntax
MegaCLI –v
Description
Displays the version number of the MegaCLI utility.
Display Help for the MegaCLI Utility
Use the command in the following table to display help information for the MegaCLI utility.
Table 50 Display MegaCLI Help
5.10.4
Syntax
MegaCLI –h|–Help|?
Description
Displays help for the MegaCLI utility.
Display Summary Information
Use the command in the following table to display help information for the MegaCLI utility.
Table 51 Display MegaCLI Help
Syntax
MegaCLI –ShowSummary [-f <filename>] -aN
Description
Displays a summary of the system information, the controller information, the drive information, the virtual
drive information, and the enclosure information.
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Appendix A: Events and Messages
Appendix A: Events and Messages
The MSM utility monitors the activity and performance of all controllers in the workstation and the devices attached
to them. When an event occurs, such as the start of an initialization, an event message appears in the log at the
bottom of the Server View RAID Manager main menu screen.
This appendix lists the MSM utility events that can appear in the event log.
NOTE
The MSM utility can be used to manage a wide range of MegaRAID
controllers. Some of the events and messages listed in this appendix
are not applicable to the Embedded RAID configuration.
Each message that appears in the event log has an error level that indicates the severity of the event, as shown in the
following table.
Table 52 Event Error Levels
Error Level
Meaning
Information
Informational message; no user action is necessary.
Warning
Some component may be close to a failure point.
Caution
A component has failed, but the system has not lost data.
Fatal
A component has failed, and data loss has occurred or will occur.
Dead
A catastrophic error has occurred, and the controller has died. This
event is seen only after the controller has been restarted.
The following table lists all the MSM utility event messages. The event message descriptions include placeholders for
specific values that are determined when the event is generated. Some of the error messages are relevant only for
hardware RAID.
Table 53 Event Messages
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
0x0000
0
Information Firmware initialization started (PCI ID %04x/%04x/%04x/%04x)
0x0001
1
Information Firmware version %s
0x0002
2
0x0003
3
Information Cache data recovered from TBBU successfully
0x0004
4
Information Configuration cleared
0x0005
5
Type
Fatal
Warning
Event Text
Unable to recover cache data from TBBU
Cluster down; communication with peer lost
0x0006
6
Information %s ownership changed from %02x to %02x
0x0007
7
Information Alarm disabled by user
0x0008
8
Information Alarm enabled by user
0x0009
9
Information Background initialization rate changed to %d%%
0x000A
10
Fatal
Controller cache discarded due to memory/battery problems
0x000B
11
Fatal
Unable to recover cache data due to configuration mismatch
0x000C
12
0x000D
13
0x000E
14
0x000F
15
Information Cache data recovered successfully
Fatal
Controller cache discarded due to firmware version incompatibility
Information Consistency Check rate changed to %d%%
Dead
Fatal firmware error: %s
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Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
0x0010
16
Information Factory defaults restored
0x0011
17
Information Flash downloaded image corrupt
0x0012
18
Caution
Flash erase error
0x0013
19
Caution
Flash timeout during erase
0x0014
20
Caution
Flash error
0x0015
21
Information Flashing image: %s
0x0016
22
Information Flash of new firmware image(s) complete
Type
Event Text
0x0017
23
Caution
Flash programming error
0x0018
24
Caution
Flash timeout during programming
0x0019
25
Caution
Flash chip type unknown
0x001A
26
Caution
Flash command set unknown
Caution
Flash verify failure
0x001B
27
0x001C
28
Information Flush rate changed to %d seconds
0x001D
29
Information Hibernate command received from host
0x001E
30
Information Event log cleared
0x001F
31
Information Event log wrapped
0x0020
32
Dead
Multi-bit ECC error: ECAR=%x, ELOG=%x, (%s)
0x0021
33
Warning
Single-bit ECC error: ECAR=%x, ELOG=%x, (%s)
0x0022
34
Dead
0x0023
35
Information Patrol Read operation complete
0x0024
36
Information Patrol Read operation paused
0x0025
37
Information Patrol Read Rate changed to %d%%
0x0026
38
Information Patrol Read operation resumed
Not enough controller memory
0x0027
39
Information Patrol Read operation started
0x0028
40
Information Rebuild rate changed to %d%%
0x0029
41
Information Reconstruction rate changed to %d%%
0x002A
42
Information Shutdown command received from host
0x002B
43
Information Test event: %s
0x002C
44
Information Time established as %s; (%d seconds since power on)
0x002D
45
Information User entered firmware debugger
0x002E
46
0x002F
47
0x0030
48
0x0031
49
Fatal
Background Initialization corrected medium error (%s at %lx, %s at %lx)
0x0032
50
Fatal
Background Initialization detected uncorrectable double medium errors (%s at %lx on %s)
Warning
Background Initialization aborted on %s
Warning
Background Initialization corrected medium error (%s at %lx
Information Background Initialization completed on %s
0x0033
51
Caution
Background Initialization failed on %s
0x0034
52
Progress
Background Initialization progress on %s is %s
0x0035
53
Information Background Initialization started on %s
0x0036
54
Information Policy change on %s from %s to %s
0x0038
56
Warning
Consistency Check aborted on %s
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Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
Type
0x0039
57
Warning
0x003A
58
Information Consistency Check done on %s
0x003B
59
Information Consistency Check done with corrections on %s, (corrections=%d)
0x003C
60
Fatal
0x003D
61
Caution
0x003E
62
Fatal
0x003F
63
Warning
Event Text
Consistency Check corrected medium error (%s at %lx, %s at %lx)
Consistency Check detected uncorrectable double medium errors (%s at %lx on %s)
Consistency Check failed on %s
Consistency Check failed with uncorrectable data on %s
Consistency Check found inconsistent parity on %s at strip %lx
0x0040
64
Warning
Consistency Check inconsistency logging disabled on %s (too many inconsistencies)
0x0041
65
Progress
Consistency Check progress on %s is %s
0x0042
66
0x0043
67
0x0044
68
Caution
Initialization failed on %s
0x0045
69
Progress
Initialization progress on %s is %s
0x0046
70
Information Fast initialization started on %s
0x0047
71
Information Full initialization started on %s
0x0048
72
Information Initialization complete on %s
0x0049
73
Information Properties updated to %s (from %s)
0x004A
74
Information Reconstruction complete on %s
0x004B
75
Information Consistency Check started on %s
Warning
Fatal
Initialization aborted on %s
Reconstruction of %s stopped due to unrecoverable errors
0x004C
76
Fatal
0x004D
77
Progress
Reconstruct detected uncorrectable double medium errors (%s at %lx on %s at %lx)
0x004E
78
0x004F
79
0x0050
80
Information Reconstructing started on %s
0x0051
81
Information State change on %s from %s to %s
0x0052
82
Information Clear aborted on %s
0x0053
83
0x0054
84
0x0055
85
Information Clear started on %s
0x0056
86
Information Clear completed on %s
0x0057
87
Reconstruction progress on %s is %s
Information Reconstruction resumed on %s
Fatal
Reconstruction resume of %s failed due to configuration mismatch
Caution
Clear failed on %s (Error %02x)
Progress
Clear progress on %s is %s
Warning
Error on %s (Error %02x)
0x0058
88
Information Format complete on %s
0x0059
89
Information Format started on %s
0x005A
90
0x005B
91
Caution
Hot Spare SMART™ polling failed on %s (Error %02x)
Information Inserted: %s
0x005C
92
Warning
%s is not supported
0x005D
93
Warning
Patrol Read operation corrected medium error on %s at %lx
0x005E
94
Progress
Patrol Read operation progress on %s is %s
0x005F
95
Fatal
0x0060
96
Caution
Patrol Read operation found an uncorrectable medium error on %s at %lx
Predictive failure: %s
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Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
Type
Event Text
0x0061
97
Fatal
Puncturing bad block on %s at %lx
0x0062
98
Information Rebuild aborted by user on %s
0x0063
99
Information Rebuild complete on %s
0x0064
100
Information Rebuild complete on %s
0x0065
101
Caution
Rebuild failed on %s due to source drive error
0x0066
102
Caution
Rebuild failed on %s due to target drive error
0x0067
103
Progress
Rebuild progress on %s is %s
0x0068
104
Information Rebuild resumed on %s
0x0069
105
Information Rebuild started on %s
0x006A
106
Information Rebuild automatically started on %s
0x006B
107
Caution
Rebuild stopped on %s due to loss of cluster ownership
0x006C
108
Fatal
Reassign write operation failed on %s at %lx
0x006D
109
Fatal
Unrecoverable medium error during rebuild on %s at %lx
0x006E
110
0X006F
111
Information Corrected medium error during recovery on %s at %lx
Fatal
Unrecoverable medium error during recovery on %s at %lx
0x0070
112
0x0071
113
Information Removed: %s
0x0072
114
Information State change on %s from %s to %s
0x0073
115
Information State change by user on %s from %s to %s
0x0074
116
0x0075
117
Information Redundant path to %s restored
0x0076
118
Information Dedicated Hot Spare PD %s no longer useful due to deleted array
0x0077
119
Warning
Warning
Caution
Unexpected sense: %s, CDB%s, Sense: %s
Redundant path to %s broken
SAS topology error: Loop detected
0x0078
120
Caution
SAS topology error: Unaddressable device
0x0079
121
Caution
SAS topology error: Multiple ports to the same SAS address
0x007A
122
Caution
SAS topology error: Expander error
0x007B
123
Caution
SAS topology error: SMP timeout
0x007C
124
Caution
SAS topology error: Out of route entries
0x007D
125
Caution
SAS topology error: Index not found
0x007E
126
Caution
SAS topology error: SMP function failed
0x007F
127
Caution
SAS topology error: SMP CRC error
0x0080
128
Caution
SAS topology error: Multiple subtractive
0x0081
129
Caution
SAS topology error: Table to table
0x0082
130
Caution
SAS topology error: Multiple paths
0x0083
131
Fatal
0x0084
132
Information Dedicated Hot Spare created on %s (%s)
0x0085
133
Information Dedicated Hot Spare %s (%s) disabled
0x0086
134
0x0087
135
Information Spare created on %s (%s)
0x0088
136
Information Spare %s (%s) disabled
Caution
Unable to access device %s
Dedicated Hot Spare %s no longer useful for all arrays
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February 2015
Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
Type
0x0089
137
Caution
0x008A
138
Information Created %s
0x008B
139
Information Deleted %s
Event Text
Spare %s does not cover all arrays
0x008C
140
Information Marking %s inconsistent due to active writes at shutdown
0x008D
141
Information Battery Present
0x008E
142
0x008F
143
Information New Battery Detected
0x0090
144
Information Battery has been replaced
0x0091
145
Caution
Battery temperature is high
0x0092
146
Warning
Battery voltage low
0x0093
147
Information Battery started charging
0x0094
148
Information Battery is discharging
0x0095
149
Information Battery temperature is normal
0x0096
150
0x0097
151
Warning
Fatal
Battery Not Present
Battery needs replacement - SOH Bad
Information Battery relearn started
0x0098
152
Information Battery relearn in progress
0x0099
153
Information Battery relearn completed
0x009A
154
0x009B
155
Information Battery relearn pending: Battery is under charge
Caution
Battery relearn timed out
0x009C
156
Information Battery relearn postponed
0x009D
157
Information Battery relearn will start in 4 days
0x009E
158
Information Battery relearn will start in 2 day
0x009F
159
Information Battery relearn will start in 1 day
0x00A0
160
Information Battery relearn will start in 5 hours
0x00A1
161
Information Battery removed
0x00A2
162
Information Current capacity of the battery is below threshold
0x00A3
163
Information Current capacity of the battery is above threshold
0x00A4
164
Information Enclosure (SES) discovered on %s
0x00A5
165
Information Enclosure (SAFTE) discovered on %s
0x00A6
166
0x00A7
167
0x00A8
168
0x00A9
169
0x00AA
170
Caution
Enclosure %s fan %d removed
0x00AB
171
Caution
Enclosure %s power supply %d failed
Caution
Enclosure %s communication lost
Information Enclosure %s communication restored
Caution
Enclosure %s fan %d failed
Information Enclosure %s fan %d inserted
0x00AC
172
0x00AD
173
Information Enclosure %s power supply %d inserted
Caution
Enclosure %s power supply %d removed
0x00AE
174
Caution
Enclosure %s EMM %d failed
0x00AF
175
0x00B0
176
Information Enclosure %s EMM %d inserted
Caution
Enclosure %s EMM %d removed
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February 2015
Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
Type
0x00B1
177
Warning
Enclosure %s temperature sensor %d below warning threshold
0x00B2
178
Caution
Enclosure %s temperature sensor %d below error threshold
0x00B3
179
Warning
Enclosure %s temperature sensor %d above warning threshold
Event Text
0x00B4
180
Caution
Enclosure %s temperature sensor %d above error threshold
0x00B5
181
Caution
Enclosure %s shutdown
0x00B6
182
Warning
Enclosure %s not supported; too many enclosures connected to port
0x00B7
183
Caution
Enclosure %s firmware mismatch (EMM %d)
0x00B8
184
Warning
Enclosure %s sensor %d bad
0x00B9
185
Caution
Enclosure %s phy bad for slot %d
0x00BA
186
Caution
Enclosure %s is unstable
0x00BB
187
Caution
Enclosure %s hardware error
Caution
Enclosure %s not responding
0x00BC
188
0x00BD
189
Information SAS/SATA mixing not supported in enclosure; %s disabled
0x00BE
190
Information Enclosure (SES) hotplug on %s was detected, but is not supported
0x00BF
191
Information Clustering enabled
0x00C0
192
Information Clustering disabled
0x00C1
193
Information PD too small to be used for auto-rebuild on %s
0x00C2
194
Information Battery backup unit (BBU) enabled; changing Write Through virtual disks to Write Back
0x00C3
195
Warning
BBU disabled; changing Write Back virtual disks to Write Through
0x00C4
196
Warning
Bad block table on %s is 80% full
0x00C5
197
Fatal
0x00C6
198
Information Consistency Check Aborted Due to Ownership Loss on %s
0x00C7
199
Information BGI aborted due to ownership loss on %s
Bad block table on %s is full; unable to log block %lx
0x00C8
200
Caution
Battery/charger problems detected; SOH Bad
0x00C9
201
Warning
Single-bit ECC error: ECAR=%x, ELOG=%x, (%s); warning threshold exceeded
0x00CA
202
Caution
Single-bit ECC error: ECAR=%x, ELOG=%x, (%s); critical threshold exceeded
0x00CB
203
Caution
Single-bit ECC error: ECAR=%x, ELOG=%x, (%s); further reporting disabled
Caution
Enclosure %s Power supply %d switched off
0x00CC
204
0x00CD
205
0x00CE
206
0x00CF
207
Information Enclosure %s Power supply %d cable inserted
0x00D0
208
Information Enclosure %s Fan %d returned to normal
0x00D1
209
Information BBU Retention test was initiated on previous boot
0x00D2
210
Information BBU Retention test passed
0x00D3
211
Information Enclosure %s Power supply %d switched on
Caution
Caution
Enclosure %s Power supply %d cable removed
BBU Retention test failed!
0x00D4
212
Information NVRAM Retention test was initiated on previous boot
0x00D5
213
Information NVRAM Retention test passed
0x00D6
214
0x00D7
215
0x00D8
216
Caution
NVRAM Retention test failed!
Information %s test completed %d passes successfully
Caution
%s test FAILED on %d pass. Fail data: errorOffset=%x goodData=%x badData=%x
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February 2015
Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
0x00D9
217
Information Self check diagnostics completed
0x00DA
218
Information Foreign configuration detected
0x00DB
219
Information Foreign configuration imported
Information Foreign configuration cleared
Type
Event Text
0x00DC
220
0x00DD
221
Warning
NVRAM is corrupt; reinitializing
0x00DE
222
Warning
NVRAM mismatch occurred
0x00DF
223
Warning
SAS wide port %d lost link on PHY %d
0x00E0
224
0x00E1
225
Warning
SAS port %d, PHY %d has exceeded the allowed error rate
0x00E2
226
Warning
Bad block reassigned on %s at %lx to %lx
0x00E3
227
Information SAS wide port %d restored link on PHY %d
Information Controller hot plug detected
0x00E4
228
0x00E5
229
Information Disk test cannot start; no qualifying disks found
Warning
Enclosure %s temperature sensor %d differential detected
0x00E6
230
Information Time duration provided by host is not sufficient for self check
0x00E7
231
Information Marked missing for %s on array %d row %d
0x00E8
232
Information Replaced missing as %s on array %d row %d
0x00E9
233
Information Enclosure %s temperature %d returned to normal
0x00EA
234
Information Enclosure %s firmware download in progress
0x00EB
235
Warning
Enclosure %s firmware download failed
Warning
%s is not a certified drive
0x00EC
236
0x00ED
237
Information Dirty cache data discarded by user
0x00EE
238
Information PDs missing from configuration at boot
0x00EF
239
Information VDs missing drives and will go offline at boot: %s
0x00F0
240
Information VDs missing at boot: %s
0x00F1
241
Information Previous configuration completely missing at boot
0x00F2
242
Information Battery charge complete
0x00F3
243
Information Enclosure %s fan %d speed changed
0x00F4
244
Information Dedicated spare %s imported as global due to missing arrays
0x00F5
245
Information %s rebuild not possible as SAS/SATA is not supported in an array
0x00F6
246
Information SEP %s has been rebooted as a part of enclosure firmware download; SEP will be unavailable until
this process completes.
0x00F7
247
Information Inserted: %s Info: %s
0x00F8
248
Information Removed: %s Info: %s
0x00F9
249
Information %s is now OPTIMAL
0x00FA
250
Warning
%s is now PARTIALLY DEGRADED
0x00FB
251
Caution
%s is now DEGRADED
0x00FC
252
Fatal
0x00FD
253
Warning
%s is now OFFLINE
Battery requires reconditioning; please initiate a LEARN cycle
0x00FE
254
Warning
VD %s disabled because RAID-5 is not supported by this RAID key
0x00FF
255
Warning
VD %s disabled because RAID-6 is not supported by this controller
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Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
Type
0x0100
256
Warning
VD %s disabled because SAS drives are not supported by this RAID key
0x0101
257
Warning
PD missing: %s
0x0102
258
Warning
Puncturing of LBAs enabled
0x0103
259
Warning
0x0104
260
Critical
0x0105
261
0x0106
262
Event Text
Puncturing of LBAs disabled
Enclosure %s EMM %d not installed
Information Package version %s
Warning
Global affinity hot spare %s commissioned in a different enclosure
0x0107
263
Warning
Foreign configuration table overflow
0x0108
264
Warning
Partial foreign configuration imported, PDs not imported:%s
0x0109
265
Information Connector %s is active
0x010A
266
Information Board Revision %s
0x010B
267
Warning
Command timeout on PD %s, CDB:%s
0x010C
268
Warning
PD %s reset (Type %02x)
0x010D
269
Warning
VD bad block table on %s is 80% full
0x010E
270
Fatal
VD bad block table on %s is full; unable to log block %lx (on %s at %lx)
Fatal
Uncorrectable medium error logged for %s at %lx (on %s at %lx)
0x010F
271
0x0110
272
0x0111
273
Warning
Bad block table on PD %s is 100% full
0x0112
274
Warning
VD bad block table on PD %s is 100% full
0x0113
275
0x0114
276
Information CopyBack started on PD %s from PD %s
0x0115
277
Information CopyBack aborted on PD %s and src is PD %s
0x0116
278
Information CopyBack complete on PD %s from PD %s
0x0117
279
0x0118
280
Information CopyBack resumed on PD %s from %s
0x0119
281
Information CopyBack automatically started on PD %s from %s
0x011A
282
Information VD medium error corrected on %s at %lx
Fatal
Progress
Critical
CopyBack progress on PD %s is %s
CopyBack failed on PD %s due to source %s error
0x011B
283
0x011C
284
Information BBU field replaceable unit (FRU) is %s
0x011D
285
Information %s FRU is %s
0x011E
286
Information Controller hardware revision ID %s
0x011F
287
0x0120
288
0x0121
289
0x0122
290
Information Redundant enclosure EMM %s inserted for EMM %s
0x0123
291
Information Redundant enclosure EMM %s removed for EMM %s
0x0124
292
0x0125
293
0x0126
294
Warning
Controller needs replacement, IOP is faulty
Warning
Early power off warning was unsuccessful
Foreign import shall result in a backward incompatible upgrade of configuration metadata
Information Redundant path restored for PD %s
Warning
Warning
Redundant path broken for PD %s
Patrol Read operation cannot be started, because the PDs are either not ONLINE, or are in a VD with
an active process, or are in an excluded VD
Information Copyback aborted by user on PD %s and src is PD %s
Critical
Copyback aborted on hot spare %s from %s, as hot spare needed for rebuild
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February 2015
Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
Type
0x0127
295
Warning
0x0128
296
Fatal
Event Text
Copyback aborted on PD %s from PD %s, as rebuild required in the array
Controller cache discarded for missing or offline VD %s
When a VD with cached data goes offline or missing during runtime, the cache for the VD is
discarded. Because the VD is offline, the cache cannot be saved.
0x0129
297
Information Copyback cannot be started as PD %s is too small for src PD %s
0x012A
298
Information Copyback cannot be started on PD %s from PD %s, as SAS/SATA is not supported in an array
0x012B
299
Information Microcode update started on PD %s
0x012C
300
Information Microcode update completed on PD %s
0x012D
301
Warning
Microcode update timeout on PD %s
0x012E
302
Warning
Microcode update failed on PD %s
0x012F
303
Information Controller properties changed
0x0130
304
Information Patrol Read properties changed
0x0131
305
Information CC schedule properties changed
0x0132
306
Information Battery properties changed
0x0133
307
0x0134
308
Information Drive security key created
0x0135
309
Information Drive security key backed up
0x0136
310
Information Drive security key from escrow, verified
0x0137
311
Information Drive security key changed
0x0138
312
Warning
Drive security key, re-key operation failed
0x0139
313
Warning
Drive security key is invalid
0x013A
314
Warning
Periodic battery relearn is pending; please initiate manual learn cycle because Automatic Learn is not
enabled
Information Drive security key destroyed
0x013B
315
0x013C
316
Warning
Drive security key from escrow is invalid
0x013D
317
0x013E
318
Information PD %s security activated
0x013F
319
Information PD %s security disabled
0x0140
320
Information PD %s is reprovisioned
0x0141
321
Information PD %s security key changed
0x0142
322
Fatal
Security subsystem problems detected for PD %s
0x0143
323
Fatal
Controller cache pinned for missing or offline VD %s
0x0144
324
Fatal
Controller cache pinned for missing or offline VDs: %s
0x0145
325
Information Controller cache discarded by user for VDs: %s
0x0146
326
Information Controller cache destaged for VD %s
0x0147
327
Warning
Consistency check started on an inconsistent VD %s
0x0148
328
Warning
Drive security key failure, cannot access secured configuration
0x0149
329
Warning
Drive security password from user is invalid
0x014A
330
Warning
Detected error with the remote battery connector cable
0x014B
331
Information Power state change on PD %s from %s to %s
0x014C
332
Information Enclosure %s element (SES code 0x%x) status changed
Information VD %s is now secured
Warning
VD %s is partially secured
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February 2015
Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
0x014D
333
Information PD %s rebuild not possible because the HDD/CacheCade® software mix is not supported in a drive
group
0x014E
334
Information Copyback cannot be started on PD %s from %s, because the HDD/CacheCade software mix is not
supported in a drive group
0x014F
335
Information VD bad block table on %s is cleared
0x0150
336
0x0151
337
Information VD cluster of medium errors corrected for %s at %lx (on %s at %lx)
0x0152
338
Information Controller requests a host bus rescan
0x0153
339
Information Controller repurposed and factory defaults restored
0x0154
340
Information Drive security key binding updated
0x0155
341
Information Drive security is in EKM mode
0x0156
342
0x0157
343
Type
Caution
Warning
Event Text
SAS topology error: 0x%lx
Drive security failed to communicate with EKMS
Information %s needs key to be %s %s
0x0158
344
Warning
0x0159
345
Critical
0x015A
346
Information Snapshots enabled on %s (Repository %s)‘
0x015B
347
Information Snapshots disabled on %s (Repository %s) by the user
Critical
%s secure failed
Controller encountered a fatal error and was reset
0x015C
348
0x015D
349
Information Snapshot created on %s at %s
0x015E
350
Information Snapshot deleted on %s at %s
0x015F
351
Information View created at %s to a snapshot at %s for %s
0x0160
352
Information View at %s is deleted, to snapshot at %s for %s
0x0161
353
Information Snapshot rollback started on %s from snapshot at %s
0x0162
354
0x0163
355
Information Snapshot rollback on %s completed for snapshot at %s
0x0164
356
Information Snapshot rollback progress for snapshot at %s, on %s is %s
0x0165
357
Warning
0x0166
358
Critical
0x0167
359
Warning
Fatal
Snapshots disabled on %s (Repository %s), due to a fatal error
Snapshot rollback on %s internally aborted for snapshot at %s‘
Snapshot space for %s in snapshot repository %s, is 80%% full
Snapshot space for %s in snapshot repository %s, is full
View at %s to snapshot at %s, is 80%% full on snapshot repository %s
0x0168
360
Critical
View at %s to snapshot at %s, is full on snapshot repository %s
0x0169
361
Critical
Snapshot repository lost for %s
0x016A
362
Warning
0x016B
363
Critical
Snapshot repository restored for %s
Snapshot encountered an unexpected internal error: 0x%lx
0x016C
364
Information Auto snapshot enabled on %s (snapshot repository %s)
0x016D
365
Information Auto snapshot disabled on %s (snapshot repository %s)
0x016E
366
0x016F
367
Critical
Configuration command could not be committed to disk, please retry
Information COD on %s updated as it was stale
0x0170
368
Warning
Power state change failed on %s (from %s to %s)
0x0171
369
Warning
%s is not available
0x0172
370
Information %s is available
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February 2015
Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
0x0173
371
Information %s is used for CacheCade with capacity 0x%lx logical blocks
0x0174
372
Information %s is using CacheCade %s
0x0175
373
Information %s is no longer using CacheCade %s
0x0176
374
Critical
0x0177
375
Warning
Auto Snapshot failed for %s in snapshot repository %s
0x0178
376
Warning
Controller reset on-board expander
0x0179
377
Warning
CacheCade (%s) capacity changed and is now 0x%lx logical blocks
Warning
Battery cannot initiate transparent learn cycles
Type
Event Text
Snapshot deleted due to resource constraints for %s in snapshot repository %s
0x017A
378
0x017B
379
Information Premium feature %s key was applied for - %s
0x017C
380
Information Snapshot schedule properties changed on %s
0x017D
381
Information Snapshot scheduled action is due on %s
0x017E
382
Information Performance Metrics: collection command 0x%lx
0x017F
383
Information Premium feature %s key was transferred - %s
0x0180
384
Information Premium feature serial number %s
0x0181
385
0x0182
386
0x0183
387
0x0184
388
0x0185
389
Warning
Premium feature serial number mismatched. Key-vault serial num - %s
Warning
Battery cannot support data retention for more than %d hours. Please replace the battery
Information %s power policy changed to %s (from %s)
Warning
%s cannot transition to max power savings
Information Host driver is loaded and operational
0x0186
390
Information %s mirror broken
0x0187
391
Information %s mirror joined
0x0188
392
0x0189
393
Information %s link %d restored in wide port
0x018A
394
Information Memory module FRU is %s
0x018B
395
Warning
Cache-vault power pack is sub-optimal. Please replace the pack
0x018C
396
Warning
Foreign configuration auto-import did not import any drives
0x018D
398
Warning
Cache-vault microcode update required
Warning
%s link %d failure in wide port
0x018E
399
Warning
CacheCade (%s) capacity exceeds maximum allowed size, extra capacity is not used
0x018F
399
Warning
LD (%s) protection information lost
0x0190
400
0x0191
401
0x0192
402
Information Server power capability diagnostic test started
0x0193
403
Information Drive cache settings enabled during rebuild for %s
0x0194
404
Information Drive cache settings restored after rebuild for %s
0x0195
405
Information Drive %s commissioned as Emergency spare
0x0196
406
0x0197
407
Information Consistency check suspended on %s
0x0198
408
Information Consistency check resumed on %s
0x0199
409
Information Background Initialization suspended on %s
0x019A
410
Information Background initialization resumed on %
Information Diagnostics passed for %s
Critical
Warning
Diagnostics failed for %s
Reminder: Potential non-optimal configuration due to drive %s commissioned as emergency spare
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February 2015
Appendix A: Events and Messages
Table 53 Event Messages (Continued)
Number
(Hex)
Number
(Decimal)
0x019B
411
Information Reconstruction suspended on %s
0x019C
412
Information Rebuild suspended on %
0x019D
413
Information Copyback suspended on %s
0x019E
414
Information Reminder: Consistency check suspended on %
0x019F
415
Information Reminder: Background initialization suspended on %s
0x01A0
416
Information Reminder: Reconstruction suspended on %s
0x01A1
417
Information Reminder: Rebuild suspended on %s
0x01A2
418
Information Reminder: Copyback suspended on %s
0x01A3
419
Information Reminder: Patrol Read operation suspended
0x01A4
420
Information Erase aborted on %s
0x01A5
421
0x01A6
422
0x01A7
423
Information Erase started on %s
0x01A8
424
Information Erase completed on %s
0x01A9
425
Information Erase aborted on %s
0x01AA
426
Critical
0x01AB
427
Progress
0x01AC
428
Information Erase started on %s
0x01AD
429
Information Erase complete on %s
Type
Critical
Progress
Event Text
Erase failed on %s (Error %02x)
Erase progress on %s is %s
Erase failed on %s
Erase progress on %s is %s
0x01AE
430
Warning
Potential leakage during erase on %s
0x01AF
431
Warning
Battery charging was suspended due to high battery temperature
0x01B0
432
0x01B1
433
Information NVCache firmware update was successful
Warning
Fatal
NVCache firmware update failed
0x01B2
434
0x01B3
435
Information CacheCade disassociate started on %s
0x01B4
436
Information CacheCade disassociate completed on %s
0x01B5
437
Critical
Progress
%s access blocked as cached data in CacheCade is unavailable
CacheCade disassociate failed on %s
0x01B6
438
0x01B7
439
Information CacheCade disassociate aborted by user on %s
0x01B8
440
Information Link speed changed on SAS port %d and PHY %d
0x01B9
441
Warning
CacheCade disassociate progress on %s is %s
Advanced software options was deactivated for - %s
0x01BA
442
Information %s is now accessible
0x01BB
443
Information %s is using CacheCade
0x01BC
444
Information %s is no longer using CacheCade
0x01BD
445
Information Patrol Read operation aborted on %s
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February 2015
Glossary
Glossary
A
AHCI
Advanced Host Controller Interface
B
BBS
BIOS boot specification
BBU
battery backup unit
BGI
background initialization
BGI is used in RAID 5 configurations only.
BIOS
basic input/output system
C
CLI
command line interface
CT
command tool
CU
configuration utility
D
DHP
Driver Health Protocol
DUD
driver update diskette
H
HBA
host bus adapter
HII
Human Interface Infrastructure
I
I/O
input/output
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Glossary
N
NVRAM
nonvolatile random access memory
O
OS
operating system
P
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCIe
PCI Express
PMM
post memory management
POST
power-on self-test
R
RAID
Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RHEL
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
S
SAS
Serial SCSI
SATA
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SBBM
soft bad block management
SCSI
Small Computer System Interface
SLES
SuSE Linux Enterprise Server
SSD
solid state drive
SuSE
Gesellschaft für Software-und Systementwicklung MBH
U
UEFI
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
Avago Technologies Confidential
- 98 -
Embedded MegaRAID Software User Guide
February 2015
Revision History
DB15-001197-00, Revision 2.0, February 2015
Revision History
DB15-001197-00, Revision 2.0, February 2015
Performed minor edits for clarity and consistency.
48712-00, Rev. G, July 2014


Updated Section 4.1.1, Viewing Controller Properties.
Updated Section 4.2, Managing Virtual Drives.
48712-00, Rev. F, February 2014


Added Section 4.4, UDK2010 Support.
Updated Section 4.2.3, Selecting Virtual Drive Operations
48712-00, Rev. E, October 2013


Updated the initial section of Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility.
Updated Section 1.1, Embedded RAID Software Features.
48712-00, Rev. D, April 2013


Added Section 1.1.6, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface Features.
Added Chapter 4: Human Interface Infrastructure Configuration Utility.
48712-00, Rev. C, February 2013
Added up to 4 TB of support in Section 1.1.1, Device Support.
48712-00, Rev. B, March 2012
Revised the guide to document changes to the driver installation procedures, configuration utilities, and new event
messages.
Avago Technologies Confidential
- 99 -
Embedded MegaRAID Software User Guide
February 2015
Revision History
48712-00, Rev. A, June 2011
48712-00, Rev. A, June 2011
Initial release of the document.
Avago Technologies Confidential
- 100 -
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